Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

October 20, 2019

ArcheoNet BE

Ex situ 25: over Boliviaanse mummies, tamme katten en geilige insignes

Onlangs rolde het 25ste nummer van Ex situ van de persen. Ook deze keer staat het tijdschrift garant voor een afwisseling van interviews, verslagen en fotoreportages over Vlaamse opgravingen en Vlaamse archeologen in het buitenland. Ontdek de hele inhoud op en neem meteen een gratis abonnement!

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Weekend Edition for October 20, 2019

Hodie est a.d. XIII Kal. Nov. 2772 AUC ~ 22 Pyanepsion in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It 

Greek/Latin News

Public Facing Classics

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcastery

Caligula #1 – The Movie (Part 1) | Life Of The Caesars 

To kick off our Caligula series, we are doing a commentary on the 1979 epic film, CALIGULA. Written by Gore Vidal, directed by Tinto Brass, produced by Bob Guccione, starring Malcolm McDowell, Hellen Mirren, Peter O’Toole,  John Gielgud, Teresa Ann …

Landscape Modery

Book Reviews

Dramatic Receptions

Professional Matters


‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends a festering wound and for the majority, extreme suffering from civil strife.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 2

Wayne Stiles just walked the last five miles of the Appian Way into Rome, and he shares his experiences along with a video. Only one section was a hair-raising experience!

A preliminary report from the Swedish excavations at Hala Sultan Tekke in Cyprus is now online.

Israeli security inspectors discovered 69 coins from the time of Alexander the Great being smuggled from Gaza into Israel. But one expert suggests the coins are fake.

The Summer Session program of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens is now accepting applications. Scholarships are available.

Why do newspapers write dishonest headlines like this? “A Chance Discovery Changes Everything We Know About Biblical Israel.” Shame on Haaretz.

The lectures are in Hebrew, but you may find the topic list to be of interest for this year’s “New Discoveries and Insights” conference at Tel Aviv University.

The schedule is now online for next week’s Annual Conference, “New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region.”

The final list of speakers and their topics for the 22nd Annual Bible and Archaeology Fest is now posted.

Yahoo Groups is shutting down. This will affect lists such as Explorator and ANE-2.

The En-Gedi Resource Center website has a new home, with new organization and a “Hebraic Studies” search bar to make it easier to find what you’re looking for.

Carl Rasmussen shares a number of photos of Göbekli Tepe.

John DeLancey is blogging each day on his tour of Greece, Rome, and Pompeii, now wrapping it up on Day 13.

Ferrell Jenkins explains why a photo he took of the cedars of Lebanon in 2002 is one of his favorites.

Bryan Windle has put together another great archaeological biography, this one on King Nebuchadnezzar.

HT: Ted Weis, Keith Keyser, Agade

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Publications of NARNIA: New Archaeological Research Network for Integrating Approaches to Ancient Material Studies

NARNIA: New Archaeological Research Network for Integrating Approaches to Ancient Material Studies
NARNIA is an interdisciplinary project, the main objective of which is to provide young researchers with the means to conduct research on ancient Eastern Mediterranean material culture and to develop their analytical skills through a series of research and training activities.
An awareness of the recent advances in technology and an understanding of the implications for theory and practice in the heritage environment have brought together a consortium of academic institutions and private companies in this collaborative project to support young researchers in their first steps into the competitive and complementary worlds of academia and private enterprise.
Kassianidou, V., and M. Dikomitou-Eliadou (eds.), 2014. The NARNIA Project: Integrating approaches to ancient material studies. Nicosia: The NARNIA Project and the Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus.
To download the full publication, please click *HERE*
The interdisciplinary study of ancient ceramics
Aloupi-Siotis Ε., Chaviara Α., Huszánk R.,Lagoyannis T.,Csedreki L.,Furu E., Kertész Z, Kiss A.Z., Simon A., Török,Z. Uzonyi I., Szikszai Z.,2012. “PIXE Analysis of Decoration Pixels in Classical Attic Pottery”. 39th International Symposium on Archaeometry. Leuven/Belgium. 28 May – 1 June.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Charalambous, A.,  Dikomitou-Eliadou, M., and Kassianidou, V., 2013. Appendix. A preliminary chemical study of Grey and Black Polished II (IV) pottery with the employment of pXRF, in G. Georgiou and V. Karageorghis, A Cypro-Archaic Tomb at Xylotymbou and Three Cypro-Classical Tombs at Phlasou: From Exuberance to Recession, Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. CXL, Åströms Förlag,Uppsala, 59-68.
Chaviara A., Aloupi-Siotis E., 2013. Attic decorated pottery (6th -4th B.C.): Methodology for locating potential clay sources. 6th Symposium of Hellenic Society for Archaeometry (HSA) “Craft-based Cultural Influences in the Mediterranean”. Acropolis Museum, Athens, May 16 – 18, 2013
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Muller, N. S., Vekinis, G., Day, P. M., Kilikoglou, V., 2015. The influence of microstructure and texture on the mechanical properties of rock tempered archaeological ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 35 (1), 831-843.
Ancient and historical glass production and trade
Ceglia, A., P. Cosyns, W. Meulebroeck, K. Nys, H. Terryn, H. Thienpont, 2014. Shedding light on the glass industry in late antique Cyprus. Poster presentation in the 40th ISA conference, May 2014, LA, USA
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Ceglia, Andrea, Gert Nuyts, Simone Cagno, Wendy Meulebroeck, Kitty Baert, Peter Cosyns, Karin Nys, Hugo Thienpont, Koen Janssens, and Herman Terryn, 2014. A XANES study of chromophores: the case of black glass. Analytical Methods, 6(8), 2662-2671.
this is the link:!divAbstract
Ceglia, A., G. Nuyts, S. Cagno, W. Meulebroeck, K. Baert, P. Cosyns, K. Nys, H. Thienpont, K. Janssens, and H. Terryn. 2014. A XANES Study of Chromophores: The Case of Black Glass. Poster presentation in SYNEW 2013 – SYnchrotron and NEutron Workshop, November 2013, Antwerp, Belgium.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Ceglia, A., W. Meulebroeck, P. Cosyns, K. Nys, H. Terryn and H. Thienpont, 2013. Colour and Chemistry of the glass finds in the Roman villa of Treignes, Belgium. Procedia Chemistry, 8, 55-64.
this is the link:
Cholakova, A., Rehren, Th., 2014. Producing black glass during the Roman period – notes on a crucible fragment from Serdica, Bulgaria. In: R. Scott, D. Braekmans, M. Carremans, P. Degryse (Eds), Proceedings of the 39th International Symposium for Archaeometry 28 May – 1 June 2012 Leuven, Belgium. Centre for Archaeological Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, 261-276.
Rehren, Th., Cholakova, A., 2014. Glass supply and consumption in the late Roman and early Byzantine site Dichin, Northern Bulgaria. In: D. Keller, J. Price, C. Jackson (eds), Neighbours and Successors of Rome: Traditions of Glass Production and use in Europe and the Middle East in the Later first Millennium AD. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 83-94.
Rehren, Th., Cholakova, A., Živanović, M., 2012. The making of black glass in Late Roman Doclea, Montenegro. – New Antique Doclea, 3, 71-90.
To downloan the paper, please click *HERE*
Copper metallurgy across the Mediterranean
Charalambous, A. and Vasiliki Kassianidou, 2014. Appendix V. Chemical analyses of copper alloy artefacts from Pyla-Kokkinokremos using portable X-Ray Fluorescence, in Vasos Karageorghis and Athanasia Kanta, Pyla-Kokkinokremos: A Late 13th Century BC Fortified Settlement in Cyprus, Excavations 2010-2011, Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. CXLI, Åströms Förlag,Uppsala, 197-204.
Charalambous A., Kassianidou, V. and Papasavvas, G., 2014. Gold in Palaepaphos (Cyprus): A study of artefacts from the Early Iron Age Necropolis of Skales using portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (pXRF). Poster presentation in the 40th ISA conference, May 2014, LA, USA.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Markou, E., Charalambous, A., and Kassianidou, V., 2014. pXRF Analysis of Cypriot Gold Coins of the Classical Period, American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series, 26 (2014), 33-60.
Charalambous, A., Kassianidou, V., Papasavvas, G., 2014. A compositional study of Cypriot bronzes dating to the Early Iron Age using portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (pXRF), Journal of Archaeological Science 46, 205-216.
Charalambous, A. and Kassianidou, V., 2012. Appendix V. Chemical analyses of metal artefacts from Late Cypriot tombs excavated in the Limassol area with the employment of pXRF. In: V. Karageorghis and I. Violaris, Tombs of the Late Bronze Age in the Limassol Area Cyprus (17th -13th Centuries BC). Limassol: Municipality of Limassol, 300-308.
Gaudenzi Asinelli, M., 2014. Bell casting activity in medieval Leopoli-Cencelle: technological patterns and sociocultural implications (Mediaeval coppers, bronzes and brass 2014)
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Gaudenzi Asinelli, M. and Martinόn-Torres, M., 2014. Gilded and Silvered Artefacts from Medieval Tuscia (Italy): Materials and Technological Features (ISA 2014)
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Rademakers Fr. and Rehren, Th., 2014. Heterogeneity in the crucible. Some methodological issues for reconstructing ancient crucible metallurgy. Poster presentation in the 40th ISA conference, May 2014, LA, USA.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Rademakers Fr. and Rehren, Th., 2013. Tin oxide in crucible slag. From slag crystals to technological choices in bronze production. Poster presentation in the HMS 50th Anniversary Conference, June 2013, London, UK.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Van Brempt, L. and Kassianidou, V., 2014. Metal production at the Late Bronze Age Site of Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios, Cyprus: A preliminary study of the slag remains. Poster presentation in the 40th ISA conference, May 2014, LA, USA.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Interdisciplinary assessments of architectural decoration
Bonnerot, O. and Ceglia, A., 2014. The Glass Tesserae of the Amathous Acropolis Basilica: an Archaeometric Study. Poster presentation in the 40th ISA conference, May 2014, LA, USA
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Bonnerot, O., 2012. A study of materials used in the production of wall mosaics from early-Christian Cypriot basilicas: preliminary results. Poster presentation in the 12th AIEMA conference, September 2012, Venice, Italy
To download the poster. please click *HERE*
Dating techniques and the palaeo-environment
Christodoulakis, J., Bassiakos, Y., Tsakalos, E., Kazantzaki, M., 2014. Dating results of new palaeoenvironmental studies conducted in South Peloponnesus, Greece. Poster presentation in 40th International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA) 2014, Los Angeles, USA, May 2014, Program and Abstract Book, p.147.
Christodoulakis J., Bassiakos Y., and Athanassas C., 2013. Absolute dating and palaeoenvironmental evolution in Palaeolithic Mani, SW Peloponnesus, Poster presentation in the EGU General Assembly, April 2013, Vienna, Austria.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Christodoulakis, J., Athanassas, C., Bassiakos, Y., Varotsos, C., 2013. New geoarchaeological and palaeoenvironmental studies in Mani Peninsula (S. Peloponnesus) by employing luminescence dating techniques. Oral presentation in 6th Symposium of Hellenic Society for Archaeometry (HSA) “Craft-based Cultural Influences in the Mediterranean”. Acropolis Museum, Athens, May 2013.
Christodoulakis J., Bassiakos Y., Tsakalos E., and Kazantzaki M., 2013. Dating results of new palaeoenvironmental studies conducted in South Peloponnesus, Greece, Poster presentation in the 40th ISA Conference, May 2014, LA, USA.
To download the poster please click *HERE*
Christodoulakis J., 2012. Palaeoenvironment reconstruction of SW Peloponnesus using luminescence dating technique, Poster presentation in the PEOPLE Marie Curie Conference 2012, November 2012, Nicosia, Cyprus.
To download the poster, please click *HERE*
Tsakalos, E., Bassiakos, Y., Kazantzaki, M., Christodoulakis J., 2014. Unravelling the Palaeoenvironmental Framework of Southeast Cyprus over the Late Quaternary – Luminescence Geochronology and Quartz Grains-Shape Examination. Poster presentation in 40th International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA) 2014, Los Angeles, USA, May 2014, Program and Abstract Book, p.155.
Tsakalos, E., Athanassas, C., Bassiakos, Y., 2013. Luminescence dating of last interglacial coastal deposits of Cyprus: overcoming quartz complications by elevated-temperature Infrared Stimulated Luminescence (IRSL) from feldspars. EGU General Assembly 2013, Geophysical Research Abstracts 15.
Tsakalos, E., Athanassas, C., Bassiakos, Y., Triantaphyllou, M., 2013. Infrared Stimulated Luminescence (IRSL) of late Quaternary coastal deposits of a site in south east Cyprus. Seventh World Archaeological Congress Proceedings, Black Sea, Jordan.
Tsakalos, E., 2012. Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Dating of Coastal Aeolianites in South East Cyprus. Proceedings of the People 2012 conference, Nicosia.
Kazantzaki, M., Bassiakos, Y., Rondoyanni, T., Tsakalos, E., Christodoulakis, J., 2014. Quaternary Palaeoenvironmental Reconstruction of the Coastal Zone of North Evoikos Gulf (Greece) based on the use of Luminescence Dating Techniques. Poster presentation in 40th International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA) 2014, Los Angeles, USA, May 2014, Program and Abstract Book, p.154.
pXRF application in Archaeology
Adler, D.S., Wilkinson, K.N., Blockley, S., Mark, D., Pinhasi, R., Schmidt-Magee, B., Nahapetyan, S., Mallol, C., Berna, F., Glauberman, P., Raczynski-Henk, Y., Wales, N., Frahm, E., Jöris, O., MacLeod, A., Smith, V., Cullen, V., Gasparyan, B. Early Levallois Technology and the Transition from the Lower to Middle Palaeolithic in the Southern Caucasus. Science 345 (6204):1609-1613.
Frahm, E. 2014. Characterizing Obsidian Sources with Portable XRF: Accuracy, Reproducibility, and Field Relationships in a Case Study from Armenia. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:105-125.
Frahm, E., Feinberg, J.M., Schmidt-Magee, B., Wilkinson, K., Gasparyan, B., Yeritsyan, B., Karapetian, S., Meliksetian, Kh., Muth, M.J.*, Adler, D.S. 2014. Sourcing Geochemically Identical Obsidian: Multiscalar Magnetic Variations in the Gutansar Volcanic Complex and Implications for Palaeolithic Research in Armenia. Journal of Archaeological Science 47:164-178.
Frahm, E., Schmidt, B., Gasparyan, B., Yeritsyan, B., Karapetian, S., Meliksetian, Kh., Adler, D.S.   2014. Ten Seconds in the Field: Rapid Armenian Obsidian Sourcing with Portable XRF to Inform Excavations and Surveys. Journal of Archaeological Science 41:333-348.
Frahm, E., Doonan, R.C.P., Kilikoglou, V. 2014. Handheld Portable X-ray Fluorescence of Aegean Obsidians. Archaeometry 56:228-260.
Frahm, E., Feinberg, J.M. 2013. Environment and Collapse: Eastern Anatolian Obsidians at Urkesh (Tell Mozan, Syria) and the Third-Millennium Mesopotamian Urban Crisis. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(4):1866-1878 — Included in Elsevier’s Archaeology Altmetrics Virtual Special Issue of  the publisher’s ten highest-ranked archaeological articles (#5) of 2013
Frahm, E., Feinberg, J.M. 2013. Empires and Resources: Central Anatolian Obsidian at Urkesh (Tell Mozan, Syria) during the Akkadian Period. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1122-1135.
Frahm, E., Doonan, R.C.P. 2013. The Technological versus Methodological Revolution of Portable XRF in Archaeology (Review). Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1425-1434.
Frahm, E., 2013. Is Obsidian Sourcing about Geochemistry or Archaeology? A Reply to Speakman and Shackley (Commentary). Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1444-1448.
Frahm, E., 2013. Validity of “Off-the-Shelf” Handheld Portable XRF for Sourcing Near Eastern Obsidian Chip Debris. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1080-1092.
Frahm, E., Beverly Schmidt, Boris Gasparyan, Benik Yeritsyan, Sergei Karapetian, Khachatur Meliksetian, and Daniel S. Adler. 2014. Ten Seconds in the Field: Rapid Armenian Obsidian Sourcing with Portable XRF to Inform Excavations and Surveys. Journal of Archaeological Science 41:333-48.
Frahm, E., Roger C.P. Doonan, and Vassilis Kilikoglou. 2014. Handheld Portable X-ray Fluorescence of Aegean Obsidians. Archaeometry 56:228-60.
Frahm, E. and Roger C.P. Doonan. 2013. The Technological versus Methodological Revolution of Portable XRF in Archaeology (Review). Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1425-1434.
Frahm, E., 2013. Validity of “Off-the-Shelf” Handheld Portable XRF for Sourcing Near Eastern Obsidian Chip Debris. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1080-1092.

Open Acces Journal: BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

[First posted in AWOL 12 June 2016, updated 20 November 2019]

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers
ISSN: 0843-5499 (PRINT)
ISSN: 2469-5580 (ONLINE)
Since its launch in 2010, SURFACE has grown to include thousands of items ranging from scholarly articles, books, journals, dissertations and theses, conference proceedings, videos, and more. It serves to represent the strength and diversity of work being done by members of the Syracuse University community and to share that work with communities all over the world. To learn how you can have your work included in SURFACE, please contact

SURFACE is a service of the Syracuse University Libraries and is administered and coordinated by an interdepartmental team led by Open Publishing Services, with advisement from the Libraries' administration.
SURFACE is built on Digital Commons, a hosted vendor solution by bepress, an Elsevier company.

Open Access Journal: History of Anthropology Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 15 June, 2016, updated 20 November 2019]

History of Anthropology Newsletter
The History of Anthropology Newsletter has been a venue for publication and conversation on the many histories of the discipline of anthropology since 1973. This is a repository of back issues; we also publish publish news, essays, reviews, and bibliographies on our website.

Volume 39

Issue 1 (2012):
June 2012

Issue 2 (2012):
December 2012

Volume 38

Issue 1 (2011):
June 2011

Issue 2 (2011):
December 2011

Volume 37

Issue 1 (2010):
June 2010

Issue 2 (2010):
December 2010

Volume 36

Issue 1 (2009):
June 2009

Issue 2 (2009):
December 2009

Volume 35

Issue 1 (2008):
June 2008

Issue 2 (2008):
December 2008

Volume 34

Issue 1 (2007):
June 2007

Issue 2 (2007):
December 2007

Volume 33

Issue 1 (2006):
June 2006

Issue 2 (2006):
December 2006

Volume 32

Issue 1 (2005):
June 2005

Issue 2 (2005):
December 2005

Volume 31

Issue 1 (2004):
June 2004

Issue 2 (2004):
December 2004

Volume 30

Issue 1 (2003):
June 2003

Issue 2 (2003):
December 2003

Volume 29

Issue 1 (2002):
June 2002

Issue 2 (2002):
December 2002

Volume 28

Issue 1 (2001):
June 2001

Issue 2 (2001):
December 2001

Volume 27

Issue 1 (2000):
June 2000

Issue 2 (2000):
December 2000

Volume 26

Issue 1 (1999):
June 1999

Issue 2 (1999):
December 1999

Volume 25

Issue 1 (1998):
June 1998

Issue 2 (1998):
December 1998

Volume 24

Issue 1 (1997):
June 1997

Issue 2 (1997):
December 1997

Volume 23

Issue 1 (1996):
June 1996

Issue 2 (1996):
December 1996

Volume 22

Issue 1 (1995):
June 1995

Issue 2 (1995):
December 1995

Volume 21

Issue 1 (1994):
June 1994

Issue 2 (1994):
December 1994

Volume 20

Issue 1 (1993):
June 1993

Issue 2 (1993):
December 1993

Volume 19

Issue 1 (1992):
June 1992

Issue 2 (1992):
December 1992

Volume 18

Issue 1 (1991):
June 1991

Issue 2 (1991):
December 1991

Volume 17

Issue 1 (1990):
June 1990

Issue 2 (1990):
December 1990

Volume 16

Issue 1 (1989):
June 1989

Issue 2 (1989):
December 1989

Volume 15

Issue 1 (1988):
June 1988

Issue 2 (1988):
December 1988

Volume 14

Issue 1 (1987):
June 1987

Issue 2 (1987):
December 1987

Volume 13

Issue 1 (1986):
June 1986

Issue 2 (1986):
December 1986

Volume 12

Issue 1 (1985):
June 1985

Issue 2 (1985):
December 1985

Volume 11

Issue 1 (1984):
June 1984

Issue 2 (1984):
December 1984

Volume 10

Issue 1 (1983):
June 1983

Issue 2 (1983):
December 1983

Volume 9

Issue 1 (1982):
Spring 1982

Issue 2 (1982):
December 1982

Volume 8

Issue 1 (1981):
Summer 1981

Issue 2 (1981):
Fall 1981

Volume 7

Issue 1 (1980):

Issue 2 (1980):

Volume 6

Issue 1 (1979):

Issue 2 (1979):

Volume 5

Issue 1 (1978):
Summer 1978

Issue 2 (1978):

Volume 4

Issue 1 (1977):

Issue 2 (1977):
Winter 1977

Volume 3

Issue 1 (1976):
Winter 1976

Issue 2 (1976):

Volume 2

Issue 1 (1975):
Winter 1975

Issue 2 (1975):
Summer 1975

Volume 1

Issue 1 (1973):

Issue 2 (1974):
Spring 1974

Jim Davila (

Shemeni Atzeret and Simchat Torah 2019

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More on the Phoenicia's new voyage and Phoenicians in the Americas

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ArcheoNet BE

Soils as Records of Past and Present: congres gearcheologie in Brugge

Al meer dan 50 jaar is Roger Langohr een internationale autoriteit op het vlak van bodemkundig onderzoek. In die periode heeft hij bijgedragen tot het interdisciplinair onderzoek in de archeologie. Zijn holistische aanpak is gericht op het lezen van de bodem als een ‘boek’. Zijn strategie, gericht op veldobservaties, heeft onderzoekers tot ver buiten België geïnspireerd. Daarom organiseren verschillende partners op donderdag 7 november in Brugge een internationaal congres dat het werk en de invloed van Roger Langohr in de kijker plaatst.

Wat is de huidige stand van zaken op het gebied van bodemkunde als studie van het verleden en het heden? Hoe heeft bodemkunde bijgedragen tot belangrijke archeologische inzichten? Op welke wijze dragen oude data bij tot het onderzoek vandaag? Kunnen we nog steeds leren door veldobservaties? Wat zijn de uitdagingen voor de toekomst? Deze vragen worden op het congres beantwoord door binnen- en buitenlandse sprekers.

Het congres vindt plaats in de Vriendenzaal van het Groeningemuseum in Brugge. Inschrijven kost 50 euro en kan nog steeds op de website van het congres.

De Schelde, stroom in verandering: lezing in Lede op 25 oktober

Op vrijdag 25 oktober geeft prof. Philippe Crombé (Universiteit Gent) in ‘t Hof te Puttens in Lede een lezing over de ontwikkelingsgeschiedenis van de Schelde. De lezing ‘De Schelde, stroom in verandering, mens, landschap en klimaat van prehistorie tot nu’ wordt rijkelijk geïllustreerd met beeldmateriaal van prehistorische vondsten uit de ruime regio. De lezing start om 20u. Toegang gratis.

Meer info op

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

All Things Bright and Biblical: Biblical Studies as Religious Studies and as Theology

Let me start this post with a quote from an alumnus of the Religion program at Butler University, something that he said on Facebook. Karl Hofstetter provides one of my favorite answers to the question “What can you do with a degree in religion?” This post began several years ago as I started collecting posts […]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

"Ancient Artifact" Yahoos Closed Down

The aptly-named Yahoo "Ancient Artifacts" discussion list run as a 'public group' by Tim Haines is at last closing down.
Yahoo Groups is shutting down after more than 18 years, and the Verizon-owned company is deleting all content from the site in mid-December. "Yahoo has made the decision to no longer allow users to upload content to the Yahoo Groups site," the company said in a notice to users. "Beginning October 28, you won't be able to upload any more content to the site, and as of December 14 all previously posted content on the site will be permanently removed. You'll have until that date to save anything you've uploaded." [...] Although the Yahoo Groups site will continue to exist after December 14, "all public groups will be made private or restricted," Yahoo said. Users will continue to "be able to communicate with your groups via email and search for private groups on the site," and admins will retain "limited access to group settings and administration tools," but that's it. [...] Yahoo launched Groups on January 30, 2001, saying in a press release that the site would help users "build relationships, stay in touch, share ideas, and discuss interests through the convenience of popular e-mail and Web-based tools."
In 2010, Yahoo said there were 115 million Yahoo Groups users and 10 million groups, eWeek reported at the time. Yahoo also boasted then that it had contracts with about 100 carriers and handset makers around the world to preinstall Yahoo apps on mobile devices.  [...] Obviously, Yahoo Groups lost prominence as social networks soared, and the Yahoo business in general declined throughout the 2010s. Verizon bought Yahoo's operating business for $4.48 billion in June 2017, forming a new subsidiary called "Oath" that included both Yahoo and AOL.
Oath (now called "Verizon Media") failed to compete effectively against Google and Facebook in the advertising market, and Verizon has responded by repeatedly cutting the division's budget and staff.
Here, before it disappears, is what it says in the blurb about the AA group:
Group Description
eBay is awash fake artefacts: it's a minefield for the inexperienced collector, and all too often even professionals need to compare notes to keep abreast of what's happening in the marketplace. This group came together to fight antiquities fraud on eBay and the Net in general.  We're an open group and very broad based in the range of subjects that we like to talk about, but NO POLITICS PLEASE, since we are a peaceful tribe and greatly dislike flame wars. Any artefact dating from China's Ming Dynasty or earlier is sufficiently 'ancient' to attract our interest. We welcome many new collectors, and have many highly experienced and qualified members willing to offer help and advice, including many of the best antiquities dealers on the net, as well as Phd's, university professors and museum curators. Feel free to ask for help identifying items, ask for approximate values, background information, whatever. If you have some news from the world of antiquities to pass on, this is the place to do it. We are committed to responsible antiquities collecting, and members have compiled a voluntary code of conduct for collectors: [dead link for many years]
Dealers and individuals are welcome to post details of their own items for sale here, as well as links to eBay and other sales.
Tim Haines (listowner)
Group Information Members: 3384 Category: Antiques Founded: Jun 7, 2002 Language: English Group Email Addresses Post Message : Subscribe : Unsubscribe : List Owner :

Compitum - publications

Abbon de Fleury, Miscellanea de computo, de astronomia et de cosmographia

Abbon de Fleury, Miscellanea de computo, de astronomia et de cosmographia secundum codicem Berolinensem Phill. 1833. Ediert von Alfred Lohr, mit einer historischen Einleitung von Barbara Obrist, Turnhout, 2019.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis (CCCM 300)
LXXXV-201 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-58476-8
210 €

Abbo von Fleury war einer der großen Gelehrten des 10. Jahrhunderts. Seine Sammlung zu Computus, Astronomie und Kosmologie hat in Auszügen und Neuzusammenstellungen große Verbreitung gefunden. Eine Handschrift, nämlich Berlin Phill. 1833, enthält die Sammlung jedoch besonders sorgfältig geschrieben und konsistent aufgebaut. Sie wurde um das Jahr 1000 oder wenig später, eventuell großteils noch zu Abbos Lebzeiten oder bald nach seinem Tod (1004) angefertigt. Sie gilt als die beste Zusammenstellung des Materials.

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Ricostruzione Facciale Forense di S. Caterina Fieschi Adorno

La tecnica della Ricostruzione Facciale Forense, FFR (acronimo inglese di Forensic Facial Reconstruction), permette di ricostruire i lineamenti del volto partendo dalla morfologia di un cranio umano. Il metodo, già teorizzato da Hermann Welcker e Wilhelm His alla fine del XIX secolo, ha trovato applicazioni in campo storico e archeologico soprattutto grazie all’opera del russo Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov che, a partire dagli anni 30 del XX secolo, diede un forte impulso alla disciplina. E’ solo con la recente informatizzazione delle scienze mediche, però, che le tecniche ricostruttive hanno raggiunto un buon livello di approssimazione, verificabile attraverso blind test (test alla cieca) su individui viventi.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Archaeology's Artefactual Backlog

Michael Press @MichaelDPress criticises archaeology's greed to acquire "new' material that cannot possibly be processed (19th Oct 2019):
One thing that strikes me about the Hobby Lobby/Oxyrhynchus fiasco: It points to the unfathomable amount of ancient documents and other artifacts that remain unpublished -- and not even fully processed! The Oxyrhynchus papyri consist of hundreds of thousands of fragments gathered more than a century ago, and yet we still have little idea what's contained in most of these documents. The same is true of the Cairo Genizah -- witness recent crowdsourcing efforts just to sort these hundreds of thousands of documents over a century later: https://scribesofthecairogeniza.orgOr the recent post on a previously unknown Ibn Gabirol poem: Fragment of the Month: October 2019 In October 2019's Fragment of the Month a new poem by Solomon ibn Gabirol is found in plain I can't even count the number of excavations in Israel from 50 or 60 years ago that have seen no final publication. And yet -- rather than process this material, everyone is rushing to gather new material! New excavations! Or, even worse, embrace unprovenanced material! There is a real lesson here about the dire need to process this material. What we have are discipline-level failures in archaeology, papyrology, and more, to deal with this problem. Material is stolen or disappears, huge amounts of data lost. What will we do about this?
The same goes for the greed to get our hands on the hoiked hauls of artefact hunters who've raided the archaeological record for collectables. How many of the Treasure finds from the last two decades of activity of the Treasure Act have seen proper, monographic, professional publication? That is a serious question. may are displayed in museums up and down the country, how many have more than a summary publication?

The PAS collects what it calls 'data' about some of what artefact hunters hoik out of the archaeological record, yet where is there a properly-presented study of collecting habits based on this information? Indeed where is the one on how it looked ten, fifteen years ago, and the one on what has changed since? Such a survey is vital in order to understand what is collected in terms of the archaeological evidence it would have been (and which supporters of the PAS approach fondly think it still is).  Yet all we get is "wotta-lotta-stuff-we-got" jubilation (and "look at this interesting thing-gonna-tell-you-a-story" superficiality), and no holistic meaty synthesis of what it all means. All those 'data' - on what?

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: October 19

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

HODIE: ante diem quartum decimum Kalendas Novembres

Aliud noctua sonat, aliud cornix.
The owl make one sound, the crow another.

Sicut it, ire sinas, nam sic vult, sicut it, ire;
Sicut enim nunc it, semper sic ivit et ibit.

Deliberando discitur sapientia.
By pondering, wisdom is learned.

Nil magis amat cupiditas, quam quod non licet.
Greed loves nothing more than what is not allowed.


Anguis et Milvus
Latin version and English version(s)

Canis Dormiens et Lupus
Latin version and English version(s)


Greek and Roman Ghost Stories
by Lacy Collison-Morley

Legends of the Birds
by Charles Godfrey Leland

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)



What is presocratic philosophy ?

Qu'est-ce que la philosophie présocratique ?
« Philosophie présocratique » : un objet historique, et donc construit, dont on peut tracer l’origine, comprendre les enjeux, et suivre les avatars. Mais quelle en est la légitimité ? Telle est la question que la série de contributions réunies dans le présent volume explore. Il s’agit à la fois de mieux comprendre comment la réflexion philosophique a trouvé, en Grèce, les voies d’un développement spécifique, et de s’interroger sur les instruments conceptuels permettant d’appréhender adéqua...

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  • Éditeur : Presses universitaires du Septentrion
  • Collection : Cahiers de philologie | 20
  • Lieu d’édition : Villeneuve d'Ascq
  • Année d’édition : 2002
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 17 octobre 2019
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782859397401
  • EAN électronique : 9782757422229
  • Nombre de pages : 552 p.
André Laks

Première partie. Question générales

A. Caractériser les Présocratiques

André Laks
« Philosophes Présocratiques »

Remarques sur la construction d’une catégorie de l’historiographie philosophique

October 19, 2019

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)


 Aristote au xixe siècle
Aristote, oublié depuis deux siècles, devient au xixe siècle un contemporain. Soutenue par un remarquable travail éditorial évoqué par les noms de Brandis, Bekker ou Bonitz, cette réévaluation engage les différents champs de la philosophie. On se tourne vers Aristote pour réhabiliter la question métaphysique, mais aussi pour interroger les instruments de la pensée, les concepts et les catégories, ou penser le rapport de la philosophie aux sciences positives. Le style d’Aristote, recherchan...

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  • Éditeur : Presses universitaires du Septentrion
  • Collection : Cahiers de philologie | 21
  • Lieu d’édition : Villeneuve d'Ascq
  • Année d’édition : 2005
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 16 octobre 2019
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782859398644
  • EAN électronique : 9782757422526
  • Nombre de pages : 464 p.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

UK's "Floating Culture" Crisis in the Making

EBay seller  (uksales(9054)'Lizzy's Bits and Bobs', Nottingham NG13 8BA) has a 'Matching Pair of Large Anglo Saxon Saucer Brooches, Chip Carved & Gilt, 5th - 6th Century ' for sale. They are not on the PAS database, or any other:
I’m selling these on behalf of the same lady whose husband had all the cut half and quarter Hammered Silver coins. I’ve been advised that these are a matching pair and as such, rarer than the sum of the individuals. Comes with a ticket saying what they are, where he bought them and how much he paid (I’ve digitally redacted that).
I don’t know if weight is important but I’ve included images of the brooches in my scales. All the proceeds of this sale, and that of the other Saxon brooch she has (I’ll list that for her once these sell), after Ebay fees, will go to the widow. [...]
In fact she has what she says is a shield knob:
Anglo Saxon Chip Carved Gilt 6th Century Shield Stud - Beautiful!! (B371) From the same source as the large saucer brooches and again, I’m selling on behalf of the widow.
The most likely source of a matching pair of saucer brooches reaching the antiquities market would be from the robbing of a female grave. Some time before 1989 the grave was penetrated and stripped of some of the diagnostic finds, and without any problems were on open sale in the centre of York (just down the road from the CBA) when an anonymous bloke bought it 30 years ago but did not enquire (or if he did, preserve) any findspot data or information about title to sell and whether the landowner was part of the deal. Now he's died, his widow is also cashing in on the deal. An archaeological context has been damaged, leaving so many questions unanswered. And what happens when 27000 metal detectorists with collections all die? Have we any archaeologists who want to discuss the issue of all that "floating culture" they've turned archaeological evidence into? Any?

Not Just an Oxford Prof?

Candida Moss, 'Hobby Lobby Scandal Widens as Museum of the Bible Admits Oxford Prof Sold Illicit Papyri to Green Family' Daily Beast 14 Oct 2019
In an online comment Mike Holmes, who heads up Museum of the Bible’s Scholar’s Initiative, stated that the second buyer was “Khader M. Baidun & Sons/Art-Levant Antiquities of Israel. The exact circumstances of how those two items moved from Oxford to Israel are unknown to” the Museum of the Bible. [...] Additionally, a member of the Baidun family was arrested in Israel in 2017 following investigations into a separate antiquities smuggling scandal involving Hobby Lobby. As revealed by The Daily Beast in 2015, Hobby Lobby was subject to a federal investigation for illegally importing illicit antiquities in 2011.

José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

TypeCatcher y todos los tipos de Google Fonts en Vitalinux por la filosa

Estoy contento como un niño con zapatos nuevos. Los gestores de Vitalinux han instalado por defecto en todos los ordenadores del sistema educativo público de Aragón que gestionan —ya más de 16.000, que configuran, actualizan y segurizan en remoto sin despeinarse— el programita TypeCatcher, un software libre de Andrew Starr-Bochicchio (Tante grazie, Andrew!). En un primer momento no he dado mucha importancia a esta novedad, porque me ha parecido que el listado de tipos que incluía era una recopilación de fuentes gratuitas chungas de las que hay en internet a decenas de miles. Hasta que me he dado cuenta de que el programita gestiona y ayuda a instalar ni más ni menos que… todo el catálogo de Google Fonts. ¡Yo lo flipooooooo!

Un refrán o proverbio griego al día

Hace ya casi cuatro años me propuse, como escribí en Μία παροιμία καθ᾽ἡμέραν, traducir al español los 366 refranes griegos incluidos en el Greek Proverbs Widget de Laura Gibbs, de la Universidad de Oklahoma. Como no tenía fecha de entrega, me lo he tomado con calma, pero ya está hecho. Contra mi intención inicial no ha sido una traducción colaborativa, porque nadie se apuntó. No todos los vicios son transferibles.

El punto alto y otros caracteres «díscolos» en Linux

El punto alto griego me tenía un poco mosqueado desde hace tiempo. Un compañero pregunta ahora qué tecla o combinación de teclas se usan en Linux —en Vitalinux en realidad— para escribirlo, así que he investigado un poco y… Vaya lío.

En Unicode el carácter se llama GREEK ANO TELEIA (U+0387). Aparentemente es un carácter como los otros, pero cuando uno lo escribe en Linux con la combinación de teclas que indican los manuales, o sea, activando el teclado griego politónico y después presionando AltGr+Q, sale un punto, sí, pero decepcionante: muy poco alto, más bien un punto medio.

Instalar y usar Diogenes en Vitalinux

A ver, que un profesor de Griego y Latín de educación secundaria puede pasar sin Diogenes. Pues sí, pero a mí me mola tenerlo instalado, y más en Vitalinux. Empiezo por el principio. Diogenes 3.2.0 (sin tilde, el título del programa está en inglés) es un software libre desarrollado por Peter Heslin, profesor de la Universidad de Durham, para acceder a las bases de datos de textos e inscripciones en griego y latín distribuidas en CD más usuales: el Thesaurus Linguae Graecae y el PHI principalmente.

𐀠𐀲𐀪𐀝𐀓𐀱 · pi-ta-ri-nu-ku-su

Vitalinux se llama la distribución del sistema operativo libre GNU/Linux que poco a poco se está instalando en las escuelas e institutos públicos de Aragón. Para los curiosos, esta distribución está basada en Lubuntu, que está basada en Ubuntu, que está basada en Debian (ya sé, nadie es tan curioso; y aquí más info, para los adictos). Vitalinux lleva incorporados por defecto dos tipos Unicode de amplio uso capaces de escribir en griego politónico: Palatino Linotype y Gentium.

Etimologías de Ollogoyen y Ollobarren

Ollogoyen y Ollobarren son dos concejos contiguos del municipio de Metauten, en el Valle de Allín, que es parte de la comarca de Estella Oriental, parte a su vez de la merindad de Tierra Estella, en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra, España, Unión Europea, planeta Tierra, en este lado de la Vía Láctea. O sea, estos en OpenStreetMap.

Vista general del pueblo de Ollobarren y al fondo los cortados de la sierra de Lóquiz

Foto: Ollobarren y los cortados de la sierra de Lóquiz de Basotxerri, con licencia CC By-Sa 4.0

La etimología de ambos topónimos es, en parte, muy sencilla. Como indica el utilísimo, moderno y completo Diccionario etimológico de los nombres de los pueblos, villas y ciudades de Navarra: apellidos navarros (Pamplona: Pamiela, 1999; ISBN 9788476812396) de Mikel Belasko, una parte de ambos topónimos es vasca y de significado transparente: Ollogoyen significa ‘Ollo de arriba’, de -goien ‘parte superior’, y Ollobarren ‘Ollo de abajo’, de -barren ‘parte inferior’. Tanto Julio Caro Baroja como Belasko y el sentido común dan por hecho que la primera parte de ambos topónimos, ese Ollo-, es también de origen vasco. Dice Caro Baroja que significaría ‘gallinero’ y procedería del vasco oilo ‘gallina’; pero la hipótesis no me convence, y parece que a Belasko tampoco. Si ambos expertos filólogos hubieran hecho senderismo por la zona, como hice yo hace un par de años, habrían llegado a esta otra explicación, tan sencilla como rotunda.

Ambos concejos son contiguos y están situados al pie de los cortados de la Sierra de Lóquiz. Uno de los caminos que bajan de la sierra atraviesa, en las coordenadas 42.69182° -2.14723°, una formación rocosa, una cueva pequeña o paso (ver fotos) que llaman —por lo que he podido rastrear en internet— de estas maneras: el «Paso de la Raposa» (13.700 googles), el «Agujero de Ollo» (2.810), el «Ojo de Ollobarren» (1.970), el «Paso del Raposo» (1.210) y, por último, aunque con solo 5 resultados en la búsqueda en Google, el «Ojo de Ollo».

Montañero llegando a la boca de la cueva llamada Ojo de Ollo

Foto: Ojo de Ollo de Pompilos, con licencia CC By-Sa 4.0

Cualquier filólogo romanista reconocerá inmediatamente en tales topónimos la palabra ollo que significó precisamente ‘ojo’ en un momento de la evolución de esta palabra del latín vulgar al romance medieval castellano: oculum > oculu > ocolo > oclo > oilo > ollo > osho > ojo; como al navarro-aragonés uello y al occitano uèlh. Entre los topónimos y sus variantes destaca, por su especial encanto, el Ojo de Ollo, que significa tal cual ‘el ojo de ojo’, un tautopónimo como lo son Valle de Arán (‘valle de valle’) y río Flumen (‘río río’) entre muchísimos otros. Me parece significativo que una informante del cercano concejo de Ganuza no reconociera ante la senderista y bloguera Isa S. el resto de denominaciones, y le informara de «que lleva viviendo en Ganuza 60 años y su nombre es “Ojo de Ollo”».

De lo anterior se siguen dos conclusiones: la primera que Ollogoyen significa ‘parte de arriba del Ojo’ y Ollobarren ‘parte de abajo del Ojo’; y la segunda que el topónimo más antiguo de los tres es Ollo ‘el ojo’, que designa a la cueva que permite el paso de la sierra al valle, y que tiene que ser anterior a la formación de los otros dos, porque está en su base. Lo más llamativo: que el topónimo antiguo esté en lengua romance y los posteriores, atestiguados por primera vez en 1268, en vasco; sirva, tal vez, como dato para la historia de las lenguas de estas tierras.

Dejo sin abordar cuestiones que no están relacionadas con lo anterior, aunque pudiera parecerlo, como la existencia de un Ojo de San Prudencio en cortados cercanos de la Sierra de Lóquiz, sobre Ganuza, y del topónimo Ollo, que designa a un pueblo cercano a Pamplona y que aparentemente no tiene relación etimológica con nuestro ojo, como explica pormenorizadamente Mikel Belasko. Satis est, o sea, que ‘ya vale’ para esta que es la primera —y probablemente única de mi vida— aportación a la investigación toponímica de mi tierra natal, servida con treinta y seis (¡36!) enlaces.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Was sprach der eine zum anderen? Argumentationsformen in den sumerischen Rangstreitgesprächen

Was sprach der eine zum anderen? Argumentationsformen in den sumerischen Rangstreitgesprächen
Mittermayer, Catherine

[“What Did One Say to the Other?” Argumentation Techniques in Sumerian Precedence Debates]

Funded by Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF)

Open Access

Aims and Scope

Eight disputations on precedence have been preserved from Ancient Mesopotamia. In these texts, two opposing understandings of everyday life engage in a verbal argument. The works served at one time to teach oratorical competency to individuals receiving advanced literacy training. This volume examines the argumentation structure of the dialogues, thereby contributing to research on oratorical practice in the Ancient Middle East.


28.0 x 21.0 cm
x, 436 pages
57-page plate section

Type of Publication:
Precedence debates; Sumerian; argumentation; elocution

MARC record

MARC record for eBook


BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 1

Amanda Borschel-Dan of The Times of Israel provides a valuable summary of the Siloam Street/Stepped Street/Pilgrim’s Path that has been in the news for the last decade or so. One particular point of interest: the street will not be fully opened to the public for a few more years, because it is still being excavated 7am to 10pm every day.

“Archaeologists have uncovered a well-preserved fresco of two fighting gladiators in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii.” Very nice.

“Scientists report that they may have found the earliest written record of a solar storm in ancient Assyrian tablets.”

Egypt announced the discovery of 20 well-preserved wooden coffins in Luxor.

“Archeologists working in Luxor’s “Valley of the Monkeys” have discovered an “ancient ‘industrial area’ once used to produce decorative items, furniture and pottery for royal tombs.”

The Egyptian Exploration Society has formally accused Oxford professor Dirk Obbink of stealing and selling papyri fragments from the Oxyrhynchus collection.

With Saudi Arabia opening up for tourism, tour agencies are quick to create tours to scam evangelicals.

The Arab World Institute in Paris is presenting an exhibition highlighting the pre-Islamic history of the Al 'Ula region in Northwest Saudi Arabia.

Tim Frank’s “Visualizing Food Storage in Ancient Houses” article includes a number of video visualizations from sites like Izbet Sartah, Tel Batash, and Beersheba. These could be quite useful.

A new record has been set in the “world’s oldest marathon,” a race from Aphek to Shiloh.

Wildlife inspectors spotted ten bottlenose dolphins off the coast of Israel and have posted footage.

Only 30-40 acacia gazelles survive in Israel, and rangers recently discovered a fawn had been born.

“Cruise passengers held their breath as a 22.5 meter wide cruise liner became the largest boat to pass through Greece's narrow Corinth Canal.” There are some nice pictures.

HT: Ted Weis, Keith Keyser, Agade, David Padfield

Jim Davila (

Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Stacchi, strappi e nuovi ritrovamenti: conservazione e fruizione delle pitture parietali

I complessi problemi conservativi che interessano frequentemente le pitture murali staccate o strappate dai loro supporti originali hanno stimolato una riflessione sul rapporto tra arte e scienza, attraverso la rilettura della storia conservativa di tali documenti pittorici. La ricostruzione delle tecniche di restauro, maturate in determinati ambiti culturali e scientifici, porta oggi a una conoscenza critica dei problemi conservativi e a un’applicazione sistematica delle analisi tecniche e degli approfondimenti scientifici necessari per il recupero dei dipinti. 

Restauro di dipinto su tavola in collaborazione VVF e la MIGLIORTESI 2019

Il restauro di un dipinto su tavola del Cinquecento fiorentino con sperimentazione sulle alterazioni dei materiali pittorici causate da incendi e sul trattamento del legno combusto, realizzata in collaborazione con il Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco, è la MIGLIORTESI 2019 conferito a tre laureate ISCR.
Il premio MIGLIORTESI è un ambito riconoscimento per la migliore tesi di laurea in restauro conservativo dei BBCC che la Fondazione Paola Droghetti assegna ogni anno nell'ambito del Congresso Nazionale IGIIC. A salire quest’anno sul podio dei vincitori tre laureate SAF ISCR, Alessia Fasciani e Martina Vento, a cui è stato assegnato il primo premio per la tesi e Giulia Cappelloni, autrice della tesi Il restauro di un frammento dipinto tardo gotico a tempera su tavola di ambito fiorentino.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Manufacturing Conflict

Tom McLeish wrote recently: It’s been a long and tiring century or more of fake news, but I nurture a precious hope (how can one live otherwise?) that the voices of evidence, reason and truth will ultimately prevail. One of the more persistent myths that have invaded our conversation, media and (very sadly) education, is […]

L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

Publication des actes des rencontres doctorales EEPB 2017 – Proceedings of the doctoral meeting EEPB 2017

Les actes des 3e rencontres doctorales 2017 de l’Ecole Européenne de Protohistoire de Bibracte (EEPB) viennent de paraître. La publication est accessible en suivant ce lien : LE COZANET, Thibault, MOULIN, Cécile, NORDEZ, Marilou (dir.) : Interactions et échanges durant la protohistoire : Actes des IIIe rencontres doctorales internationales. Résumé...

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.10.40: The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries. Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, 36

Review of Marco Antonio Santamaría, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries. Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, 36. Leiden; Boston: 2019. Pp. viii, 173. €116,00. ISBN 9789004384842.

2019.10.39: Aristophanes: Peace. Bloomsbury ancient comedy companions

Review of Ian Christopher Storey, Aristophanes: Peace. Bloomsbury ancient comedy companions. London; New York: 2019. Pp. x, 177. $17.99 (pb). ISBN 9781350020214.

2019.10.38: In dialogo con Omero. Consulta universitaria del Greco, 2

Review of Mauro Tulli, In dialogo con Omero. Consulta universitaria del Greco, 2. Pisa; Roma: 2018. Pp. 121. €38,00 (pb). ISBN 9788833150376.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Restaurare o ricostruire ma in entrambi i casi con quali tecnologie?

E' questo il dilemma di moltissimi edifici italiani che non rivestono un carattere monumentale, ma spesso sono solo un simbolo importante, come il caso che l'associazione SOS per Abbadia Alpina di Pinerolo (TO) ci ha sottoposto relativamente alla prossima demolizione del loro ex-Palazzo Municipale. 

Abbiamo ricevuto un appello che letteralmente recita come di seguito riportato:

"... è possibile che nell'era di industry 4.0 non si riesca a ristrutturare con le nuove tecnologie disponibili un portico ad archi del 1806 nel centro di Abbadia Alpina di Pinerolo TO 10064, già comune dal 1806 al 1929, ed ora messo in vendita con altri 390 mq al prezzo di 21.000,00 € dalla proprietà il Comune di Pinerolo?

Riceviamo la richiesta dal portavoce di un Comitato spontaneo, comitato sorto nel luglio del 2017 per la salvaguardia ambientale, architettonica, storica ed urbanistica dell’ala del municipio di Abbadia Alpina di Pinerolo (Città Metropolitana di Torino Cap 10064) , Palazzo del 1806 Arbora, già comune dal 1806 al 1929, dal nome del messo comunale e architetto progettista, edificio ad 1 piano con a piano terra un’ala di circa 100 m2; porticato ad archi di circa 100 m2, e primo piano, ora messo in vendita dal Comune di Pinerolo che ne è la proprietà , insieme ad un palazzo limitrofo, per totali 390 m2 circa.

"Stiamo rischiando tuttora ed abbiamo rischiato in questi ultimi 5 anni la demolizione e/o la parziale demolizione del primo piano da parte della Amministrazioni comunali di Pinerolo, attuali e passate, che sono anche la proprietà. Siamo preoccupati che il Sindaco in data 10/10/2019 sia ritornato con urgenza sull’argomento auspicando la demolizione:  anche perché con la demolizione tutti i problemi, che qui di seguito provo a sintetizzare, non esistono più."

Seguono alcuni punti per meglio descrivere la situazione da parte del Comitato:

- Il Palazzo Arbora 1806 municipio di Abbadia Alpina, è in uno stato di totale degrado e di abbandono, particolarmente negli ultimi 5 anni, in cui nulla è stato fatto dalla Amministrazione comunale, a differenza dell prelievo delle tasse versate dai contribuenti e dai titolari delle attività del territorio,  ma possiamo dire che la periferia di Abbadia Alpina è stata dimenticata completamente negli ultimi 30 anni, ignorando completamente le necessità della vita normale di un centro storico di 5.000 (cinquemila) Cittadini Abbadiesi, e quanto su detto è visibile su google Maps, modalità street view



Il Comitato spontaneo auspica e ritiene percorribile la  ristrutturazione completa conservativa del Palazzo Arbora 1806, dal nome del messo comunale e architetto progettista. Non per battaglie politiche, ma per motivazioni ambientali, storiche ed etiche.

"L’edificio è situato in Piazza Ploto, che dista circa 50 metri dalla Chiesa Abbazia di Santa Maria del Verano del X secolo con facciata di Juvarra 1729. Abbiamo come Comitato eseguito ricerche abbastanza approfondite, ed abbiamo particolarmente apprezzato il Capitolato del Palazzo scritto dall’arch. Giovanni Antonio Arbora,  in lingua francese di fine ‘700, molto ben scritto da far da scuola a molti capitolati di edifici nuovi. Nonché abbiamo ritrovato e raccolto numerose testimonianze scritte da Storici, i.e. Carulli, sull’arch. Giovanni Antonio Arbora e sulla buona resistenza sismica statica e dinamica opposta dalla struttura in occasione del terremoto imponente verificatosi nel Pinerolese nell’Anno 1809.

Oggi, crediamo, che il problema statico principale sia la copertura (tetto in coppi in legno), con il rifacimento della stessa, sarebbe urgente e tutto ok per un bel po’, più di cento anni e prezzi bassi; a differenza di quanto sostenute in perizie tecniche ed amministrative eseguite negli ultimi 5 anni, che quanto meno andrebbero riviste.

Il  bando di vendita  sulla manifestazione di interesse del Comune, specifica il prezzo di circa  € 50,00 al m2 e che poi seguirà stima analitica, il che, ritengo, rappresenti, un’altra eventuale anomalia, che va nel senso di poter favorire traffici illeciti e dispendiosi ricorsi legali (390 m2 al € 21.000,00 prezzo indicativo prima della perizia stima analitica! ):

Le nostre motivazioni a favore della ristrutturazione completa e conservativa e contrarie alla demolizione anche parziale, in sintesi:

i)  Il Comitato sorto per la salvaguardi nel 2017, di cui sono il portavoce, ha un seguito ed aveva fatto una petizione con raccolta di centinaia di firma di Cittadini Abbadiesi e Pinerolesi contrari alla demolizione; nel mese di ottobre 2018 siamo stati ricevuti dalla Soprintendenza della Città metropolitana di Torino ed il Comitato ha il sostegno ‘politico’ di circa 10.000 (diecimila) cittadini Pinerolese Abbadiesi; un altro Comitato il Comitato di quartiere sorto nel 2019, favorevole alla demolizione del palazzo, crediamo, non possa deliberare insieme al Sindaco per la demolizione del Palazzo a per la mancanza del quorum di Cittadini Abbadiesi presenti alla riunione del 10/10/2019 , necessario e previsto dalle leggi democratiche; il tutto documentato sul giornale online , articolo a cui si rimanda, che riteniamo contenga molte inesattezze ( i.e. 1 milione di € previsti per la ristrutturazione, senza un computo metrico) e molti punti su cui si è più volte cambiata opinione

ii)  come già trattato e discusso con la Regione Piemonte DIREZIONE TERRITORIO E PAESAGGIO, perché NON si può demolire per le Leggi italiane per motivazioni ambientali e storiche, che  si riconducono agli articoli 9 e 117 della Costituzione Italiana e alla   Nota del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali Protocollo 10892/07 depositata al protocollo del Comune di Pinerolo in data 04 – 07 – 2007 si rileva al punto “ Secondo elenco “che [… omissis ] si invitava l’amministrazione Comunale di Pinerolo, in considerazione del valore storico e ambientale dell’immobile sopraccitato , a provvedere tramite gli strumenti urbanistici, alla conservazione delle sue caratteristiche tipologiche ed architettoniche” Estratto della Lettera del Ministero delle Belle arti del 2007 allegata, a cui si rimanda.

iii) Sia per gli interventi di demolizione iniziati e condotti, , in questi ultimi 5 anni, da due studi di progettazione e da una società che aveva iniziato la demolizione, asportando parquet , infissi e cornici dei serramenti al primo piano, tutti bene di valore e di  interesse architettonico ed urbanistico collettivo; per evitare i cosiddetti “bandi fotocopia”  e dare luoghi a traffici illeciti di un bene pubblico e di interesse ambientale e storico di tutti.

Di certo la forza emozionale della popolazione è stata usata spesso per ricostruire monumenti crollati, che forse non dovevano essere ricostruiti basandosi sui principi del restauro, come citava ad esempio Giovanni Urbani (direttore Istituto Centrale di Restauro negli anni '80) per il campanile di San Marco a Venezia per il quale nel 1903, a seguito del crollo per il terremoto, il consiglio comunale, riunito d'urgenza, ne deliberò la ricostruzione e il sindaco pronunziò più volte la famosa frase, che diventerà il motto di questa ricostruzione: «Come era, dove era.»

Ma in questo caso non c'è un terremoto demolitore, almeno fino ad ora.

Archeomatica riporta quest'appello rivolto a coloro che vogliano indicare tecnologie avanzate di restauro che possano abbattere i costi, oppure nel caso si decida la demolizione (anche in assenza - speriamo - di un terremoto) di indicare tutte quelle tecnologie adatte alla fedele ricostruzione per restituire ai cittadini di Abbadia Alpina il simbolo della municipalità democratica annegato nel loro patrimonio intangibile


L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

The Metal Ages in Europe Scientific Commission Conference, International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) – 9-10 nov 2019 : programme

Début novembre, se tiendra à Edimbourg la prochaine conférence de la Commission sur les âges des métaux de l’IUSPP intitulée : Where are you going? Reconsidering Migrations in the Metal Ages Veuillez trouver le programme ci-dessous :

October 18, 2019

Sanskrit Studies Links and Information

Professor Jaidev / Jayadev Veer of Rajdhani College, New Delhi is dedicated to the promotion of Sanskrit at all levels. Visit his YouTube channel at Jayadev Veer's Videos to find the variety of activities conducted for Sanskrit promotion. It may be विश्व की सर्वोत्तम संस्कृत प्रदर्शनी world best sanskrit exhibition 2019, सम्भाषण शिविर conversational Sanskrit camps, संस्कृतगीतम् sanskrit song collection, संस्कृत रोक बैंड Sanskrit Rock Music Band, संस्कृत कथा Sanskrit stories, संस्कृत क्रीडा conducting games and sports in Sanskrit, संस्कृत दिवस पर रेल में संस्कृत प्रचार Sanskrit promotion in train and various places, participation in felicitation of members of Indian parliament (MPs) who took minieterial oath in Sanskrit संस्कृत भाषा में शपथ ग्रहण किया उनका सम्मान कॉन्स्टिट्यूशन क्लब नई दिल्ली , संस्कृत संवर्धन कार्यशाला में संस्कृत शिक्षण प्रशिक्षण Sanskrit Workshops, संस्कृत क्लब स्फोरक Sanskrit club trying to encourage children, श्लोकरचनाकार्यशाला workshop for teaching composition of Sanskrit shlokas/verses, संस्कृतशोभायात्रा parades. Some of the videos are compilations from other video channels including Sanskrit Bhasha Shikshanam videos from Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, plays like परशुराम विजय संस्कृत नाटकम् Sanskrit play parashuram vijay, कालिदासस्य अभिज्ञानशाकुन्तलम् नाटक Abhijnan Shakuntala play (from youtube account संस्कृतरसास्वादः by Sakshi Chaurasiya), and compilation of Sanskrit terminology/names of flowers, fruits, vegetables, edibles, part of house, minerals, types of services, hospital items, numbers, body parts, colours, birds, animals, cloths, jewlery et cetera. Jaidev's enthusiasm with Sanskrit is exemplary.

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Open Access Archive - South Asia Open Archives

South Asia Open Archive
"The South Asia Open Archives (SAOA), a subset of the South Asia Materials Project (SAMP), creates and maintains a collection of open access materials for the study of South Asia. This major collaborative initiative is aimed at addressing the current scarcity of digital resources pertinent to South Asia studies and at making collections more widely accessible both to North American scholars and to researchers worldwide."
Nearly 350,000 page images in the collection! 
Historical research materials in English and other South Asian languages are being digitized and prepared by SAOA for online public access. This material includes, for example:

Colonial-era administrative and trade reports
Women’s periodicals
Newspapers and magazines
Census materials and gazetteers
Important literary and other monographic sources

Open Access Archive - Digital Palestinian Archive

Digital Palestinian Archive

"The Birzeit University Digital Palestinian Archive (BZUDPA) is dedicated to documenting the life of Palestinians and their institutions over the past century, from Ottoman times to the present.The project, launched in 2011, aims to preserve a large variety of documents, written and audio-visual, relating to the history of the Palestinian people over the past century, and donated by individuals, families and popular organizations. Birzeit, as a national university, is fully committed to placing its technical and academic resources at the service of this project, which continually digitizes, places online and makes available a wide variety of documents. "

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Texte et contexte: Méthodes et outils de l’édition critique de quelques manuscrits arabes, grecs, italiens et latins

Texte et contexte: Méthodes et outils de l’édition critique de quelques manuscrits arabes, grecs, italiens et latins 
Texte et contexte 
Ce volume réunit neuf contributions qui, chacune à partir d'un corpus particulier, soulignent l'importance du contexte d’élaboration du manuscrit dans le travail de reconstitution du texte. En mettant en avant le texte et ses variantes, les auteurs plaident en faveur d’une démarche interdisciplinaire pour mener à bien l’édition critique d’un manuscrit. Fondées sur des exemples variés, tant par leur sujet (politique, sciences, poésie, philosophie, etc.) que par l’époque de leur composition ...

Lire la suite
  • Éditeur : Presses universitaires de Strasbourg
  • Collection : Études orientales, slaves et néo-helléniques
  • Lieu d’édition : Strasbourg
  • Année d’édition : 2019
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 14 octobre 2019
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782868209344
  • EAN électronique : 9791034403981
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.pus.17962
  • Nombre de pages : 236 p.
Les formats HTML, PDF et ePub de cet ouvrage sont accessibles aux usagers des bibliothèques et institutions qui l'ont acquis dans le cadre de l'offre OpenEdition Freemium for Books. L'ouvrage pourra également être acheté sur les sites de nos libraires partenaires, aux formats PDF et ePub. Si l’édition papier est disponible, des liens vers les librairies sont également proposés sur cette page.

Online Open House | A Land Called Crete, with Andrew Koh

Online Open House | A Land Called Crete, with Andrew Koh
We are excited to welcome Andrew Koh, of the MIT Center for Materials Research and the Harvard Semitic Museum, for a Center for Hellenic Studies Online Open House discussion entitled ‘A Land Called Crete: From Harriet Boyd Hawes to the Cretan Collections Project’. The event will be streamed live on Thursday, October 24 at 11 a.m. EDT, and will be recorded.
To prepare for the event you could read Odyssey 19.172–184, the context for which is provided in the following posts at Classical Inquiries:
and view the text from the second pylon of Ramesses III’s mortuary temple at Medinet Habu, which depicts the Ramesses III leading prisoners, with the gods Amun and Mut. You can see an image of the pylon inscription at this link (then scroll down to see the translation):
The OpenARCHEM project
The OpernARCHEM project is not a singular archaeological endeavor, but rather the first step in an exciting new collaborative interdisciplinary retelling of the entangled post-Bronze Age Mediterranean and the greater implications it holds for the emergence of what we now know as the classical world. The characterization of funerary artifacts from southern Phocis, eastern Crete, and the southern Levant will thus illuminate the extent to which Greece was wholly cut off from the greater Mediterranean, or clarify through which channels it interacted with particular regions as it entered the 1st millennium BCE.
You can watch the live stream on the day on the Center for Hellenic Studies YouTube channel. The recording will be added to this blog post afterwards.

Andrew Koh

Andrew KohAndrew Koh received a B.S. in Biophysics and the Classics from the University of Illinois, an M.A. in Ancient Near Eastern Studies from Biblical Theological Seminary, and a Ph.D. in Art &amp; Archaeology of the Mediterranean World from the University of Pennsylvania. He was a graduate fellow at the Penn Museum Corinth Computer Project and a Colburn Fellow at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. He initially honed his interdisciplinary approach to the classical world by characterizing a perfumed oil workshop at the Minoan harbor town of Mochlos, dissertation research he completed as an exchange scholar at the Stanford University Department of Classics and the inaugural Archaeological Institute of America Pomerance Fellow. Koh is currently a senior research fellow at the MIT Center for Materials Research in Archaeology &amp; Ethnology and a research associate at the Harvard Semitic Museum. He founded the ARCHEM Project in 2003 and now serves as the co-editor-in-chief of its interdisciplinary and collaborative archaeometric database (
Koh utilizes both traditional and scientific methods to better understand cross-cultural interactions and complex societies through their organic commodities and branded goods. This approach integrates text, material culture, and material science, illuminating previously invisible data sets to address questions of culture and society. This blended approach offers exciting new ways forward for Classics and archaeology by introducing processes, social groups, and practices absent from other records. This interdisciplinary, longue durée approach underlies his monograph, Luxury Trade and Social Complexity in the Ancient Mediterranean World, which is under contract with Cambridge University Press.

Gramática Latina

Gramática Latina
Teatro Romano. Mérida
Cuando los inmigrantes indoeuropeos llegan a Italia entran en contacto con otros pueblos establecidos en la península. Los contactos de estos pueblos entre sí y con los pobladores autóctonos dan como resultado un intercambio de influencias culturales y lingüísticas que van moldeando las distintas lenguas.

Esta diversidad de pueblos y lenguas, con el transcurso de los años, deja de existir para dar paso a la unidad política y lingüística. En la región del Lacio, próxima a la desembocadura del Tíber, una pequeña aldea llamada Roma conseguirá imponer su dominio y, con ello, sus costumbres y su lengua al resto de los pueblos itálicos.

De la lengua de Roma en los tiempos primitivos conservamos tan sólo algunos documentos escritos de carácter no literario. Se trata fundamentalmente de documentos oficiales, cantos rituales y litúrgicos, y textos de alabanza de familias nobles. A medida que el poder de Roma se va extendiendo, el latín se depura y perfecciona. Las victorias de Roma requieren la inmortalidad literaria. Los modelos están a la vista: Grecia, que ya forma parte del Imperio Romano, marcará los cánones.

Al tiempo que se consolida el latín como instrumento adecuado para la expresión literaria, se inicia un proceso de distanciamiento entre este latín literario y culto y la lengua hablada por el pueblo (latín vulgar). El conocimiento del latín culto no plantea problemas, ya que poseemos documentos escritos. En cambio, apenas se conservan testimonios escritos en latín vulgar. Este latín vulgar fue el que exportaron los soldados, mercaderes y funcionarios romanos a las provincias del Imperio; se mantuvo bastante uniforme durante la época imperial, pero, con las invasiones bárbaras (siglo V d. C.), las diferencias se fueron acentuando hasta dar lugar a las lenguas romances.

See AWOL's list of Open Access Textbooks and Language Primers relating to the ancient world

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Singapore allocates $15M for restoration of national monuments

Source: Yahoo News 20191015via Yahoo News, 15 October 2019: Singapore announces funding grant for the restoration of national monuments, eligible for 31 monuments in Singapore.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Important New Discoveries from Greece’s Ancient Antikythera Shipwreck

Greece’s Ministry of Culture issued a statement on Friday informing the public about the new...

ArcheoNet BE

Dacia Felix: tentoonstelling belicht het roemrijke verleden van Roemenië

In het Gallo-Romeins Museum in Tongeren opent dit weekend de tentoonstelling ‘Dacia Felix – Het roemrijke verleden van Roemenië’. Van oudsher is Roemenië een kruispunt van culturen. De expo brengt het fascinerende verhaal van zes volkeren die het verre verleden van Roemenië kleurden, tussen 650 voor en 270 na Christus.

De tentoonstelling toont een keur aan objecten. Ze komen uit een twintigtal Roemeense musea. Tot de absolute topstukken behoren de goud- en zilverschatten van de Daciërs en de Geten. Ze verlaten uitzonderlijk de schatkamer van het Nationaal Museum van de Roemeense Geschiedenis in Boekarest. Ook van de Romeinen, Grieken, Scythen en Kelten zijn er intrigerende voorwerpen te zien. Ze vertellen het verhaal van zes volkeren uit de klassieke oudheid. Wat dreef hen naar de regio? Hoe verliepen de contacten met de plaatselijke bevolkingsgroepen?

De bezoeker maakt een reis, steeds dieper terug in de tijd. Elke cultuur passeert de revue, in een sfeervol decor, met unieke filmbeelden van natuurlandschappen en archeologische sites in Roemenië. De tentoonstelling is zeer gezinsvriendelijk. Voor kinderen zijn er interactieve applicaties en een speciale audioguide.

De tentoonstelling ‘Dacia Felix’ loopt van 19 oktober 2019 tot 26 april 2020 in het Gallo-Romeins Museum in Tongeren. Meer informatie op

Het Steenwerk en haar muntschat

In 1892 vond een landbouwer in Belsele (Sint-Niklaas) een kruik met meer dan 1500 Romeinse munten. Vlak bij deze locatie – het ‘Steenwerk’ genoemd – legden archeologen van de Gentse universiteit in de jaren 1960 de fundamenten van een stenen Gallo-Romeinse villa bloot, een unieke vondst voor het Waasland. Op zondag 20 oktober stellen De Raaklijn vzw en Erfpunt ‘Het Steenwerk en haar muntschat’ voor, een historische waardering en ontsluiting van dit bijzonder stukje Romeinse geschiedenis. Je vindt alle informatie op

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online) A Collaborative Environment for Digital Epigraphy A Collaborative Environment for Digital Epigraphy is an international open community pursuing a collaborative environment for digital epigraphy, which facilitates scholarly communication and interaction. We apply FAIR principles to epigraphic information in order to efficiently create, use and share it among researchers, students and enthusiasts around the globe. The community works to gather and enhance the many existing epigraphic efforts, and serves as a landing point for digital tools, practices and methodologies for managing collections of inscriptions.
Key concerns include:
  • Identification, creation, and dissemination of agreed-upon guidelines, standards, and best practices;
  • Preservation, reuse, and update of existing and emerging datasets providing the most up-to-date versions of inscriptions;
  • Providing a toolset for searching, analyzing and editing inscriptions and their metadata by both human and machine;
  • Services for citation, revision and exchange. will not replace existing digital resources; it intends to be a hub for a fruitful exchange of epigraphic data and digital solutions that will benefit all epigraphers.

DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo

 [First posted on AWOL 15 February 2013, updated 16 October 2019]

DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo 
DAMOS (Database of Mycenaean at Oslo) is an annotated electronic corpus of all the published Mycenaean texts, the earliest (ca. XV-XII B.C.) written evidence of the Greek language, comprised of inscriptions in the Linear B syllabic script.
Mycenaean texts are generally administrative documents, dating from ca 1450 to 1150 B.C., written mostly on clay tablets in a syllabic script that we call Linear B. They have been found within the rests of the Mycenaean palaces both on Crete and mainland Greece. They amount to something less then 6000 documents, although many of them are brief or fragmentary texts.

Linear B is a syllabic script not related to the later Greek alphabets. It belongs to a family of writing systems used in the Aegean area in the II and I millennium B.C., of which only Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary of the I millennium have been satisfactorily deciphered. It is important to remark that although Linear B as a writing system seems to have functioned well as a tool for recording administrative information, it is not in fact a very efficient instrument for rendering the phonetic system of Greek, since it presents many inaccuracies and deficiencies in this regard. This fact, together with the nature of the texts, sometimes makes our interpretation of the texts and of their language quite uncertain. This, in turn, shows well how important the opportunity is, which an annotated electronic corpus offers, of systematically crossing all the information available at the different levels of analysis and within the whole of the extant Mycenaean texts.

The language of the documents, being the oldest attestation of an Indo-European language after Hittite and the only attestation of a Greek dialect in the II millennium B.C., presents several archaic and interesting linguistic features and poses some questions crucial for the history of the Greek language (and for the field of comparative Indo-European linguistics in general), which, especially because of the mentioned limitations of the content of the documents and the shortcomings of the writing system, are still in need of an appropriate, if not definitive, answer.
Links to texts, images and data in LiBER (Mycenaea, Midea, Tiryns) have been added.
References to Mycenaean documents in M. Del Freo, M. Perna (eds.) Manuale di Epigrafia Micenea have been added to the Basic Tablet Bibliography of the single tablets.
Links to the Pylos images in CaLiBRA have been added.
The Knossos tablets have been updated according to The Knossos Tablet, Sixth Edition, A Transliteration by José L. MELENA with the collaboration of Richard J. FIRTH, 2018:
Series, Subseries and Set changes,
Scribal hand changes,
New Joins.
Caveat: a few minor textual differences might have escaped. A revision of the texts is ongoing.
The find places of the Pylos tablets have been updated according to Firth(2017).

Open Access Journal: al-rāfidān: Journal of western Asiatic studies

[First posted in AWOL 10 November 2017, updates 16 October 2019]

al-rāfidān: Journal of Western Asiatic Studies
ISSN: 0285-4406
RAFIDAN English cover

イラク古代文化研究所では1980年以降、研究所の紀要としてラーフィダーンal-Rafidan: Journal of Western Asiatic Studiesを年一回発行しています。

Research Institute Research Institute RAFIDAN al-Rafidan: Journal of Western Asiatic Studies is issued once a year as a bulletin after 1980 by Iraqi ancient culture.

To contribute to development of art and science, space is being opened to a contribution applicant outside the place widely, too. I don't ask about contribution qualification. Please see back of the book of each PDF file " "RAFIDAN" edit policy" for more information.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

Apparently, we’re going to enjoy a few days of “fall” in North Dakotaland this weekend. It’ll give our community a chance to clean up branches broken from the heavy snow last weekend and try to get their gardens into shape for their long winter nap. Hopefully the nice weather will give us a chance to take leisurely strolls along the banks of Lake Agassiz and to enjoy the foliage. If the weather isn’t as autumnal where you are, I hope that the weekend brings calmer weather. 

IMG 4378

Whatever your situation, enjoy some quick hits and varia:

In their comfort zones:

IMG 4332

IMG 4354

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Chevening Scholarship for Thailand

For our Thai readers looking out for scholarship opportunities: The Chevening applications close on 5 November 2019.

ArcheoNet BE

Fortified Heritage and Water

Op 28 en 29 november is Antwerpen de gaststad voor het jaarlijkse congres van EFFORTS, de Europese federatie voor versterkte sites. De focus van het congres ligt op Europese kennisuitwisseling en de samenwerking rond versterkt erfgoed en water. Naast lezingen staan ook workshops, sitebezoeken en netwerkmomenten op het programma. Je vindt alle informatie over het congres op

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Stonex al Digital & BIM Italia 21 - 22 Novembre 2019 Bologna

Stonex quest’anno parteciperà al Digital & BIM Italia, evento dedicato alla trasformazione del settore delle costruzioni attraverso la digitalizzazione, le tecnologie e l’innovazione.

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for October 18, 2019

Hodie est a.d. XV Kal. Nov. 2772 AUC ~ 20 Pyanepsion in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It

Greek/Latin News

Public Facing Classics

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcasts

It’s finally time, Deviants! This fortnight, we journeyed way, way back to visit the figure who started it all, the original Deviant Woman – the witch, the slayer, the mean mother you don’t want to cross – Medea! From her mythological beginnings as Jason’s right-hand-woman to her titular role at the centre of Euripides’ famous drama, Medea remains one of Greek mythology’s most infamous and intriguing figures. After supporting Jason through his conquests with the Argonauts (and saving his life on multiple occasions!) Medea was betrayed in the most awful way, and her method of revenge is one that has seen her labelled a madwoman, a fiend, and a wicked and monstrous mother. But is it really that simple?

We’re joined by Let’s Talk About Myths, Baby’s fabulous host Liv to dive into all things monsters, betrayal, rage and revenge. So grab your poisons, your favourite coronet and climb aboard your dragon chariot, and join us as we break down one of our all time favourite Deviant Women, Medea!

Anthony joins David to discuss Legonium, where he brings Latin to life with Lego sets. Anthony talks about where the idea came from, how its grown over the years and now includes the Legonium Season 1 book, and how he was never really into Lego growing up but the advent of Star Wars Lego changed that. They also chat about Bellum Sacrum, the card-game Anthony has developed with Laura Jenkinson, which pits Roman gods and goddess against each other, and what it’s been like test-driving it with his students.

There’s also discussion of which Star Wars character would be a good fit for Mithras, the Legonium photo competition, visiting Hobbiton, and some of the weird things people leave in the Temple to Mithras at Carrawburgh.

Quid et quando cibum edimus?

Book Reviews

Dramatic Receptions

Professional Matters


‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends an abundant supply of grain from foreign sources.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

Stop, collaborate and listen: innovators and inhibitors in the 21st-century

Another session we videoed at the CIfA conference:

Session Abstract

The professional practice of archaeology requires skills and knowledge from a diverse range of subject areas. Inspiration from these adjacent sectors enables us to study and communicate the progression of human society; yet, as a profession, we have yet to wholeheartedly embrace innovation in practical terms, understand and embed it in our practice, or protect space for it within our processes.
Our frustrations have been the same for decades: value; diversity; impact; access; legacy; engagement; pay; conditions; lack of communication; lack of cohesion; etc. We are now at a critical point where both the profession and the academic pursuit of archaeology seem on the brink of a fairly desperate situation. At the same time, there are innovations working for other sectors all around us that enable success – and which could be just the catalyst we need to effect real, lasting change. Can we adopt them? Are we willing to stretch – or are we permanently stuck?
This session will present specific cases for discussion, drawn from provocations identified through a sector-wide survey examining innovation and inhibition. Key issues will be highlighted where innovation has been challenged, hampered or deferred, introducing discussions which focus on what is stopping us, and why.
The session will include a keynote lecture from Geoff Mulgan CBE, CEO of Nesta (the UK’s innovation foundation) and co-chair of the World Economic Forum group on innovation and entrepreneurship. Geoff will share thoughts on what innovation looks like in the world outside of archaeology: what are the behaviours we should be modelling, the strategies and tactics we can employ, and most importantly the key leadership principles that need to be embedded if we are going to make any real progress?
The plan for this seminar will be to provide time to STOP and explore what prevents innovation within the archaeological profession; to COLLABORATE in order to find solutions, and to LISTEN to each other, and to those outside our sector, in order to work out how we can effect lasting change for the future of archaeological practice in the UK.

Organisers: Manda Forster, DigVentures
Lisa Westcott Wilkins, DigVentures

Innovation, what it means and what it looks like

Nesta is a global innovation foundation who apply innovation expertise in a number of priority fields including the inclusive economy, data analytics, future skills and innovation policy. Under Geoff’s leadership Nesta has moved out of the public sector to become a charity (in 2012), launched a range of new initiatives in investment, programmes and research and has implemented a new strategy involving partnerships with foundations, governments and companies in the UK and internationally. Geoff is also an author, writing on collective intelligence, capitalism and the economy.

Geoff Mulgan, Chief Executive of Nesta

The innovation survey results

Lisa and Manda present the results of a sector-and-beyond survey which DigVentures undertook at the close of 2016. The survey, entitled ‘Stop, Collaborate and Listen’, was designed to inform this session and asked participants from across archaeological spheres of interest to think about innovation and what it means to them. The survey results have shaped this session and provide the starting point for our afternoon.

Lisa Westcott Wilkins and Manda Forster, DigVentures

What empowers innovation: money and value

Our second discussion looks at issues of funding: first, we will discuss new economic and business models that challenge the existing ways of working and point towards a more efficient, value and impact-driven way of working. Second, we’ll examine the impact that restricted resources can have on preventing, as well as stimulating, innovation and how this affects the value of services delivered.

• Brendon Wilkins, DigVentures will discuss economic and business models and where we should be looking to create opportunity for innovation and change.

• Victoria Bryant, Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service talks about how the Worcestershire Archive and Archaeological Service has met the challenge of funding head on, driving innovation and delivering local value.

What inhibits innovation: structure and outcomes

This session provides a hard look at the structures of professional archaeology, and how we might be our own biggest enemy when it comes to embracing and enacting change. What inhibits innovation in professional archaeology, and what can we change about how we operate to make room for the growth the sector so badly needs?

• Doug Rocks-Macqueen, Landward Research Ltd will be looking at the issue of a fluctuating and unpredictable jobs market following the 2017 Landward Research report: ‘Have we reached peak archaeologists (in the UK)’.

• Gavin Macgregor, Northlight Heritage will discuss how archaeology is traditionally defined and invites us to consider how adjusting what we perceive to be the outcomes of our work might help us innovate.

Who’s leading the charge: leadership and innovation

Our penultimate discussion session looks at leadership, which was identified through our survey by many archaeologists as a key response to the question of innovation.

• Rebecca Jones, Historic Environment Scotland joins us from an organisation which has innovation listed as one of five core values. Having launched as a new public body in 2015, HES have articulated their role as leaders within their corporate plan. Rebecca discusses how they intend to be a body that ‘helps things happen and that makes things happen; that embraces and prioritises collaboration, conversation, openness, accessibility and innovation’.





Jim Davila (

Hurtado on Stuckenbruck on 1 Enoch again

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Genesis and Theology

The Genesis referred to in the title of this post is not the book in the Bible, but the band. Obviously the two are related. But they are not identical. I have started work on a book I have under contract, which I am writing together with my colleague in the Butler University School of […]

Trafficking Culture

Neil Brodie speaking in Cyprus at Conference on Council of Europe Convention on Offences relating to Cultural Property, 24–26 October

Dr Brodie will be presenting the results of the recently-completed EU Study on trafficking of cultural goods in Europe.

More details are available here:

The event is being organised by the Commissioner for Volunteerism and Non-Governmental Organisations of the Republic of Cyprus, in co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus, the Council of Europe and the European Union. The purpose of this conference is to promote the “Nicosia Convention”: The Council of Europe Convention on Offences relating to Cultural Property, and to prepare for further action on this issue and the event will be opened by the President of the Republic of Cyprus.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Les Grecs anciens dans le nord-ouest de la Tauride

Kutajsov V.A., T.N. Smekalova (2019) :  Древние греки в Северо-Западной Таврике / Drevnie greki v Severo-Zapadnoj Tavrike, Simferopol [Les Grecs anciens dans le nord-ouest de la Tauride]. Cet ouvrage s’intéresse à la présence des Grecs au nord-ouest de la Crimère, … Lire la suite

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.10.37: Attische Mantelfiguren : Relevanz eines standardisierten Motivs der rotfigurigen Vasenmalerei. Zürcher archäologische Forschungen Band 5

Review of Mariachiara Franceschini, Attische Mantelfiguren : Relevanz eines standardisierten Motivs der rotfigurigen Vasenmalerei. Zürcher archäologische Forschungen Band 5. Rahden/Westf.: 2018. Pp. 354; 15 p. of plates. $65.00. ISBN 9783867576659.

2019.10.36: La morale de l'amour dans les Odes d'Horace: poésie, philosophie et politique. Rome et ses renaissances

Review of Bénédicte Delignon, La morale de l'amour dans les Odes d'Horace: poésie, philosophie et politique. Rome et ses renaissances. Paris: 2019. Pp. 391. €25,00 (pb). ISBN 9791023105766.

2019.10.35: Juvenal. Studienbücher Antike, Band 16

Review of Christine Schmitz, Juvenal. Studienbücher Antike, Band 16. Hildesheim: 2019. Pp. 248. €22,00 (pb). ISBN 9783487157412.

Compitum - publications

A. Heller, Chr. Müller et A. Suspène (éd), Philorhômaios kai philhellèn. ...


Anna Heller, Christel Müller et Arnaud Suspène (éd), Philorhômaios kai philhellèn. Hommage à Jean-Louis Ferrary, Genève, 2019.

Éditeur : Droz
Collection : Hautes Etudes du monde gréco-romain, 9
VIII - 608 pages
ISBN : 978-2-600-05743-1
39 €

Membre de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres depuis 2005, titulaire de la direction d'étude « Histoire des institutions et des idées politiques du monde romain » de l'École pratique des hautes études (section des Sciences historiques et philologiques) de 1989 à 2015, Jean-Louis Ferrary s'est illustré dans de très nombreux domaines des Humanités classiques. En s'inspirant de ses recherches sur les rapports entre Rome et le monde grec, sur la législation et les institutions de Rome, sur les écoles philosophiques et la littérature latine, ou encore sur la place de l'héritage classique dans la tradition humaniste, ses collègues, ses amis et ses élèves ont souhaité lui témoigner leur admiration et leur amitié. Ce volume d'hommage, destiné à honorer un savant à la fois philorhômaios et philhellèn, réunit 32 contributions consacrées à ses thèmes de prédilection, réparties en quatre sections : « Droit et pouvoir à Rome » ; « L'Orient et le monde des cités » ; « Imperium Romanum » ; « Sources latines ». Il fait dialoguer de nombreuses disciplines des études classiques, histoire, langues anciennes, épigraphie grecque et latine, droit romain et numismatique.

Lire la suite...

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

[Job] History of Southeast Asia – Assistant Professor level, UCSC

Job posting from University of California, Santa Cruz. Deadline is 5 November 2019.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Oxford Academic Under Investigation

Robert Mendick, 'Mystery deepens over Oxford academic accused of illegally selling Bible fragments to US' Times 16 October 2019
The mystery over the ‘unauthorised’ sale of ancient bible fragments by an Oxford academic deepened last night amid claims matching texts have been sold to other private collectors. Dr Dirk Obbink, 62, an associate professor at Oxford University’s classics faculty, has been accused of selling without permission fragments belonging to the vast Oxyrhynchus collection. Dr Obbink has denied any wrongdoing but is now under investigation by Oxford University, which continues to employ him while inquiries are ongoing.
Let us not forget the - as yet unresolved - issue of the origins of Obbink's new 'Sappho' pieces discussed on this blog and in other places earlier and also this: Brent Nongbri, ' The Green Collection Mummy Masks: A Possible Source ' Variant Readings January 30, 2019 ["It would be interesting to learn whether the masks in these images are the personal property of Professor Obbink or the results of EES excavations"] - 'Peter Gurry , 'The Source of Scott Carroll’s Mummy Masks?' Evangelical Textual Criticism, Jan 30, 2019.

Interestingly, a number of links to Obbink's work are already dead:  'New poems by Sappho' by Obbink on the TLS webpage, on the National Geographic: 'Papyrus Reveals New Clues to Ancient World'

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Mahendraparvata: an early Angkor-period capital defined through airborne laser scanning at Phnom Kulen

Lidar imagery of Mahendrapvarta. Source: Chevance et al, Antiquity Antquity, 15 October 2019: New paper in Antiquity about the archaeological remains on Phnom Kulen which were revealed through Lidar. The article is also Open Access! Links to news articles at the end of the post.

Archaeology Magazine

Humans Reached Greek Island Nearly 200,000 Years Ago

Greece Naxos ToolsATHENS, GREECE—Agence France-Presse reports that evidence for the presence of Neanderthals dating back as early as 200,000 years ago has been found in a quarry on the Greek island of Naxos by an international team of scientists led by Tristan Carter of McMaster University and Dimitrios Athanasoulis of the Cycladic Ephorate of Antiquities. Hundreds of thousands of artifacts, including scrapers, piercers, and other stone tools of the type made by Neanderthals, have been recovered. It was previously thought that modern humans were the first hominins to land on the island about 7,000 years ago. The researchers suggest, however, that Neanderthals and other human relatives may have been able to walk to the Aegean basin, and access its raw materials and fresh water, during the Ice Age, when sea levels were lower. Carter and his colleagues think Neanderthals may have even crossed short distances to the island in seafaring boats. “We have extended the history of the island by 193,000 years,” Carter said. To read about another recent discovery from the Greek islands, go to "The Magic Mineral."

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Initiative to protect targets of online harassment and hold perpetrators accountable

Archaeology Magazine

Neolithic Cemetery Excavated in Poland

SADOWLE, POLAND—Twenty-three grave pits containing human and animal bones, pottery vessels, flint axes, and wild boar fangs have been discovered in a Neolithic cemetery in south-central Poland, according to a Science in Poland report. Wojciech Pasterkiewicz of the University of Rzeszów said the cemetery belonged to people of the Globular Amphora Culture, who lived in Central and Eastern Europe and produced characteristically bulbous pottery. Vessels produced for funerary use were not as carefully formed and fired as those produced for everyday use, Pasterkiewicz explained. Each of the stone-lined graves in the cemetery held between two and six people, and were covered with stone slabs or wooden beams if the pit was very large. The burials were eventually reopened and parts of the skeletons were removed, he added. Animals and animal parts were also buried in rectangular, stone-lined pits. “Cow and pig skeletons are most common,” Pasterkiewicz said. “Such graves are often referred to as ‘sacrificial pits’ because they contain the remains of animal[s] dedicated to the deceased.” Geophysical surveys indicate that about two-thirds of the cemetery has been investigated to date. To read about another Globular Amphora Culture burial of 15 blood relatives, go to "We Are Family."

October 17, 2019

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

L'Asie mineure dans l'Antiquité : échanges, populations et territoires: Regards actuels sur une péninsule

L'Asie mineure dans l'Antiquité : échanges, populations et territoires: Regards actuels sur une péninsule
L'Asie mineure dans l'Antiquité : échanges, populations et territoires
Asie Mineure et Anatolie sont deux termes qui prêtent volontiers à la rêverie. Ils sont d'ailleurs traditionnellement associés à la fascination de l'Orient dans l'imaginaire occidental, d'autant mieux quand ces termes se rapportent à l'Antiquité. Et de fait, en invoquant ces noms, nous avons déjà mis un pied sur le continent asiatique. On comprend alors que l'Asie Mineure peut être considérée comme un espace transitoire entre un monde égéen classique et un orient plus lointain. Et c'est ai...

Lire la suite
  • Éditeur : Presses universitaires de Rennes
  • Collection : Histoire
  • Lieu d’édition : Rennes
  • Année d’édition : 2009
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 16 octobre 2019
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782753507760
  • EAN électronique : 9782753566576
  • Nombre de pages : 484 p.
Maurice Sartre

Première partie. Penser et décrire l'Asie Mineure : les représentations des territoires et des communautés anatoliennes

Stéphane Lebreton
« Les mœurs des peuples, la géographie des régions, les opportunités des lieux. »

Comment les Anciens se représentaient-ils l’Asie Mineure du Ve siècle av. n.è. au IVe siècle de n.è. ?

Pierre Debord

Estampages de l'Institut Fernand-Courby (Laboratoire HISOMA – Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée

Estampages de l'Institut Fernand-Courby (Laboratoire HISOMA – Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée
La collection des estampages de l'Institut Fernand-Courby (Laboratoire HISOMA – Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée) se monte à près de 10.000 pièces. Reflets des recherches de nombreux épigraphistes de cet Institut, ces estampages reproduisent des inscriptions grecques et latines provenant essentiellement de Grèce et du Proche-Orient, deux régions qui constituent, depuis l'origine, les deux axes majeurs des recherches menées à la MOM.


          Estampages inventoriés (6170 documents) :

          Grèce continentale :
                    Thessalie (3077 est.)
            Béotie (Fonds Roesch, 1212 est.)
                    Phocide (Delphes) (540 est.)
                    Athènes (18 est.)

                    Salamine (168 est.)

            Syrie, Liban, Jordanie (1050 est.)

          Gaule (75 est.)

S'y ajoutent une vingtaine d'estampages d'Asie Mineure (Isaurie) et une dizaine de Failaka(Koweit).

          Estampages non inventoriés :

‑ Environ 700 estampages, provenant de diverses îles de l'Égée (Amorgos [Fonds Rougemont), Paros [Fonds Vérilhac], Thasos [Fonds Pouilloux]…).
‑ Plusieurs dizaines d'estampages d'inscriptions de Lambèse et Timgad en Algérie(Fonds Marcillet-Jaubert).
‑ Enfin, un nombre encore indéterminé d'estampages constitue le Fonds Homolle : réalisés au début du 20e siècle par Th. HOMOLLE et déposés à l'Institut Fernand-Courby par J. POUILLOUX, ces estampages reproduisent pour la plupart des inscriptions de Delphes, mais tous ne sont pas encore identifiés.

Archives Paul Roesch

Archives Paul Roesch
Paul Roesch, directeur de recherche au CNRS et membre de l’Institut Fernand Courby, spécialiste d’épigraphie de la Béotie, est décédé en 1990. À la mort de Paul Roesch, sa famille a fait don à l’Institut Fernand Courby, rattaché à la chaire de Littérature et d’Epigraphie grecque de l’Université Lumière Lyon 2, de ses archives scientifiques.
Au cours des missions qu’il avait effectuées presque chaque année en Grèce entre 1960 et 1981, P. Roesch avait rassemblé un matériel considérable qui constitue aujourd’hui la principale richesse de ces archives. Ce matériel, essentiellement béotien, comporte plusieurs séries importantes, par le nombre de documents conservés, mais aussi et surtout par l'ancienneté de certains d'entre eux, en particulier les photographies, témoins de paysages aujourd'hui disparus ou d'inscriptions perdues. Le laboratoire HiSoMA (UMR 5189) de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean Pouilloux, héritier de l’ancien Institut F. Courby, conserve aujourd’hui plus de 1200 estampages, quelque 3000 tirages et négatifs de photographies d'inscriptions, de paysages béotiens, mais aussi d'autres régions, des carnets de missions, des notes préparatoires à des ouvrages ou des articles publiés, mais aussi à des textes en cours de rédaction et enfin les dossiers préparatoires au corpus épigraphique de Thespies, dont P. Roesch préparait la publication et sur lequel il a travaillé jusqu’à son décès.
Grâce au travail d'E. Hue-Gay documentaliste dans le laboratoire Hisoma, au soutien financier de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée, et à la collaboration d'I. Pernin, alors ATER au Collège de France pour la chaire d'épigraphie et d'histoire des cités grecques du professeur D. Knoepfler, le fonds a d'abord fait l'objet en 2005-2006 d'une procédure systématique d'inventaire, de classement et de conservation en particulier des photographies (voir l'inventaire (.pdf)" réalisé au sein du laboratoire en 1991).
A la suite de ce travail, grâce à un financement accordé par la région Rhône Alpes dans le cadre de son soutien aux opérations de recherche scientifique (cluster 13 - Corpus numérique), un projet de base de données et de numérisation des documents du fonds Paul Roesch (photographies, estampages et carnets de mission) a débuté en 2008, sous la direction scientifique d'I. Pernin, maître de conférences à l'Université de Provence (Centre Camille Jullian, MMSH, Aix-en-Provence) et sous la direction technique d'A. Hernandez (responsable du Service Image, MOM).
Ce site web, permettra, à terme, la consultation en ligne de l’ensemble des photographies, estampages et carnets de mission du matériel « béotien » numérisé, présent et conservé dans les archives de P. Roesch.
À ce jour, nous proposons en ligne des documents se rapportant aux cités de Coronée, Tanagra, Anthédon, Copai, Lébadée, Chéronée et Akraiphia.
Accueil Biographie Base de données Liens Crédits et Contacts

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Simulating island dwarfism suggests how Homo floresiensis may have come to be

via Biology Letters, 09 October 2019: A new paper presents simulations of body size evolution based on island dwarfism, and finds that the transformation from a H. erectus to a H. floresiensis can occur quite rapidly, in as fast as 4,000 years. Article below links to the paper, while a good Conversation piece at the end of the post links to a good explainer.

ArcheoNet BE

Derde Archeologiedagen op komst: inspiratiemoment op 18 november

De derde editie van de Archeologiedagen staat in de steigers. Op 29,30 en 31 mei 2020 zullen in heel Vlaanderen weer tientallen archeologische activiteiten op het programma staan. Ben je professioneel of als vrijwilliger bezig met archeologie? Wil je zelf een aanbod uitwerken? Op maandag 18 november kan je in het Provinciehuis in Leuven meer te weten komen over de Archeologiedagen. Je krijgt er bovendien heel wat tips om een boeiende activiteit te organiseren. Bekijk het programma van dit inspiratiemoment op en schrijf je meteen in!

RAAP België zoekt aardkundige en (junior) steentijdarcheoloog

Om zijn diensten verder uit te bouwen is het archeologisch onderzoeksbureau RAAP België momenteel op zoek naar een (junior) steentijdarcheoloog en een aardkundige (m/v). Voor beide functies wordt een vast contract aangeboden. Solliciteren kan tot en met 25 oktober. Meer informatie over deze vacatures vind je in deze bijlage (pdf).

Voor vragen kun je contact opnemen met Caroline Ryssaert (0498/44.16.99).

David Gill (Looting Matters)

Papyri and due diligence

There is much comment at the moment about the sale of papyri to the Museum of the Bible (MOTB), and specifically how fragments owned by the Egypt Exploration Society and kept in the Sackler Library in Oxford have ended up in MOTB.

This is raising serious questions about the due diligence process that does not appear to have been followed by MOTB.

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Flow and the Digital Press

For the last few weeks, I’ve been slogging through a revision and expansion of a paper that I gave last spring at the annual IEMA conference at Buffalo. It’s due at the end of the month, and right now, I’m starting to feel deadline pressure. 

Here’s my revised introduction.

Collaborative Digital Publishing in Archaeology: Data, Workflows, and Books in the Age of Logistics

Over the last two decades, there has been the growing use of the phrase ”digital workflow.” As you might expect, the Google ngram plot for this term looks like the proverbial hockey stick. The term ”workflow” has its roots in the language of early 20th century scientific management, and the notion of “digital workflow” appears to have first emerged at the turn of the 21st century in the field of publishing. In this context, digital workflow spawned a series of “how to” style books that described both the role of computer technology in the production of print media and the new way of organizing practice. Among archaeologists, the concept of digital workflow has emerged in the early 21st century with the widespread use of digital tools, technologies, and practices in the discipline, and, as a result, digital workflow has come to occupy a distinct place within archaeological methodology.

This paper considers the idea of a ”digital workflow” in the context of archaeological publishing. Recent work on archaeological writing and publishing has started to explore the reciprocal relationship between archaeological work and the publication process. Ian Hodder considered how the character and structure of archaeological description and narration shape the kinds of arguments possible in the field (Hodder 1989). This anticipated a growing emphasis on craft in archaeological knowledge production with work on illustration, for example, demonstrating the embodied nature of the processes of translating archaeological knowledge from the field to the published page (Morgan and Wright 2018). This finds ready parallels with recent critiques of archaeological photography that have recognized how media affordances shaped the kind of arguments that archaeologists make from their data (Gartski 2017). With the emergence of digital practices in archaeological field work, scholars have come to understand the data produced through a growing range of digital tools required thoughtful curation and, increasingly, publication under the terms of various federal grants. As a result, archaeologists have started to extend the notion of archaeological workflow from data collection in the field to the archiving and dissemination of data on platforms like Open Context, TiDAR, or the ADS.

This move among archaeologists will have, I propose, wide ranging impacts on the nature of archaeological publishing especially as academic publishing itself has entered a period of considerable change. Most large academic publishers now have digital publishing platforms of various descriptions and have supported various efforts at creating more dynamic and interactive ways to engage with archaeological description, interpretation, analysis and data. The best known and perhaps most innovative of these is the University of Michigan’s recent publication of the Mid-Republican House at Gabii. While this work received some significant criticism from reviewers for the limits of its functionality, the authors have been commendably reflexive in the motivations and processes surrounding its development (Optiz 2018). Publishers have also sought to embrace Open Access publishing models as pressure from authors, libraries, and institutions has sought to make publicly funded research more widely available, remove profit margins from the consideration of academic work, and pushed back against escalating prices for library resources. These initiatives often inform the development of new publishing platforms — like Luminos from the University of California Press, Fulcrum from the University of Michigan Press, and PubPub from MIT. In some cases, such as the Manifold platform from the University of Minnesota Press, these platforms are open to new compositional strategies for authors that expand the character of the academic books as living documents susceptible to revision and to accommodating responses within their fabric. These significant changes to publishing intersect with a growing reflexivity in archaeological workflow to create the potential for new ways of understanding archaeological knowledge making.

This chapter offers my modest contributions to these conversations based on two things. First, I have two slightly unusual points of departure. One is a passage from an article by Michael Given in which he applies Ivan Illich’s idea of conviviality to an understanding of the premodern agricultural landscape of Cyprus (Given 2017, 2018). Illich proposed his idea of conviviality as a way to describe the creativity that arose from the fluid interaction and interdependence between individuals in the premodern world, and he articulated it as a critique of an impoverished modern condition. Toward the end of the article, Given suggested that a convivial collaboration between archaeological specialists from soil scientists to ceramicists, bioarchaeologists, architectural historians, and field archaeologists would produce a deeper understanding of the convivial landscape in which premodern Cypriots lived (Given 2017, 140). My first reading of that passages was relatively uncharitable (Caraher 2019, 374-375). Illich’s notion of conviviality was anti-modern and attempting to reconcile this idea with the assembly line practice of archaeological work and specialization seemed as doomed to fail as the plantation style sugar works established by the Venetian colonizers on Cyprus’s south coast. If convivial relationships mapped the seamless sociability of premodern production, specialization and workflows created Frankenstein creatures which have the superficial appearance of reality, but are, in fact, mottled monsters of recombined fragments (in the vague sense of Freeman 2010).

At the same time that I was thinking about Illich and Given, I read Anna Tsing’s work, The Mushroom at the End of the World (2015) and Deborah Cowen’s work on logistics, The Deadly Life of Logistics (2014). Both books, in their own ways, describe the fluid of movement of people, things, and capital around the world. They explore the tension between the local and the global, places and movement, and the Deluezian “dividual” and the Enlightenment individual (Deleuze 1992). While Cowen’s work is, as the title suggests, practical and pessimistic in tone, Tsing’s work offers the rhizomic world of the matsutake mushroom holding forth the “possibilities of life in capitalist ruins.” She draws freely (and playfully) upon Deleuze and Guattari’s ideas of deterritorialization and flow adding a new conceptual layer to our concept of workflow (Deleuze and Guattari xxxx). While I dread bringing too much theory to this chapter, I do think that Deleuze and Guattari offers a way to understand Given’s use of conviviality as a rather radical way to conceptualize the reterritorialization (perhaps the recoding) of modern archaeological knowledge making. This chapter will swing back and forth between these two poles and offer both an angst-filled critique of archaeological practice as well as some more optimistic reflections on why maybe Michael Given was right (and maybe I knew that all along) and convivial social practices in archaeology are possible, even in our digital age.

The second pillar supporting my arguments in this chapter is my experience founding and operating a small university press, The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, which I co-founded about five years ago. At the risk of being solipsistic or self-referential, my experiences talking with authors, book makers, archaeologists, and other publishers has helped me to formulate ways of producing books that bring them closer to the convivial practices associated with archaeological work. To be clear: The Digital Press is small with no permanent staff; our budget is based exclusively on the generosity of donors and a slow drip of paper book sales; and we have no experience in the publishing industry at any level. These things are both features and bugs. On the one hand, we had no expectation for how a press should work other than those that we had acquired as publishing scholars. We have also developed a strong sense of common ownership over the books that we have published with our authors. This has emboldened us to think about the Digital Press as a model for other publishing projects in the digital era. On the other hand, we do rely more heavily on the experiences and energies of our authors than a conventional press and this has not only complicated certain features common to academic publishing, including peer review, but also created a greater professional burden for our authors (and, indeed, our publisher) in an environment already crowded with obligations. In short, this chapter is not offering The Digital Press as the model for the future of publishing, but rather offers our experiences as an example for how the landscape of academic production is changing.

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for October 17, 2019

Hodie est a.d. XVI Kal. Nov. 2772 AUC ~ 19 Pyanepsion in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

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It’s c. 460 BCE and this hectic year in Roman history continues! In this episode we consider Rome in the wake of the sneak attack on the Capitol by Herdonius’ disaffected Sabines. During the challenges of wrestling control back, the Romans lose one of their own. The consul Publius Valerius Pubicola falls in battle. This is a tragic loss and opens the way for Lucius Cincinnatus to return to the narrative. Episode 98 – Cincinnatus,…

Shakespeare wrote about them. Hollywood glamorized them. For thousands of years, they’ve come down to us as the ultimate star-crossed lovers: the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra, and the Roman commander Marc Antony. In the wake of Caesar’s death, Cleopatra fled to Egypt–and began picking up the pieces. Meanwhile, Marc Antony defeated Caesar’s assassins in battle, and then set his sights on invading Parthia. But to invade Parthia, he needed the money and support of Rome’s richest client ruler: Cleopatra. And Cleopatra had an agenda, too: she needed another Roman protector to shore up her power in Egypt…

From painted cave temples in China to pyramids in Egypt to earthen cathedrals in Peru, the Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) works globally to conserve artworks, architecture, and cultural heritage sites. An integral part of this effort is conducting scientific research, developing tools and educating and training professionals to manage conservation projects in situ. In this episode, John E. and Louise Bryson Director of the GCI, Tim Whalen, discusses past initiatives as well as what the future holds for the institution.

Dramatic Receptions

Professional Matters


‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends good fortune for a rich man and for men who are high born.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

Jim Davila (

CPF: Sensory And Emotional Approaches To Magic In The Roman World

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Textual Criticism and What Jesus Learned from Martha and Mary

There have been a number of blog posts about recent research by Elizabeth Schrader on Martha in the Gospel of John, and whether her presence is in fact an interpolation that caused some confusion and misidentifications related to the Mary mentioned alongside her in the majority of manuscripts. I think it will take a book-length […]

Trafficking Culture

Donna Yates presenting at the European Commission Experts Group on Return of Cultural Objects

On Thursday 17 October Dr Yates will be in Brussels presenting recommendations for regulating the market for antiquities beyond import and export controls. More information about the Commission expert group on the return of cultural objects under Directive 2014/60/EU can be found here:

ArcheoNet BE

Meer dan 30 nocturnes tijdens de Nacht van het Kempens Erfgoed

Op vrijdag 18 én zaterdag 19 oktober organiseren de Kempense erfgoedcellen de Nacht van het Kempens Erfgoed. Tijdens deze twee nachten zetten de Kempense musea, erfgoedorganisaties, gidsenkringen, vakmensen en culturele verenigingen het lokale erfgoed in de spotlights. Na valavond kan je op meer dan 30 locaties in 26 gemeenten deelnemen aan verrassende nachtelijke activiteiten. Ga op schattenjacht, luister bij kaarslicht naar Kempense volksverhalen, kampeer een nachtje in het museum of geniet van concerten op eeuwenoude locaties.

Je vindt het volledige programma op

Compitum - publications

Revue d'Études Augustiniennes et Patristiques 65/1, 2019

Revue d'Études Augustiniennes et Patristiques 65/1, 2019.

Éditeur : Brepols
198 pages
ISBN : 978-2-85121-306-8
52 €

François DOLBEAU, Un sermon sur Marthe et Marie, p. 1-35.
Hugues VERMES, Gratia medicinalis: la métaphore médicale dans le 'De natura et gratia' d'Augustin, p. 37-72.
Marie PAULIAT, Mt 12, 46-50 dans la prédication d'Augustin. Exégèse inclusive et question de genre, p. 73-98.
Fabienne JOURDAN, Une appropriation habile de Numénius: Eusèbe de Césarée et son emploi critique de l'adjectif 'homoousios" en PE XI 21-22 (II), p. 99-117.
Alessandro APONE, Greg. Naz. Or. 19: versione latina e testo greco, p. 119-134.
Joel VARELA RODRIGUEZ, Algunos problemas del uso de Gregorio Magno por Isidoro de Sevilla, p. 135-164.
Adriano RUSSO, Una nota sulla tradizione del 'Liber Epigrammatum' di Prospero, p. 165-172.
Comptes rendus bibliographiques, p. 173-198.


Source : Brepols

Archaeology Magazine

Scientists Analyze Ancient Egyptian Paint Colors

Egypt Paint ColorsODENSE, DENMARK—Chemist Kaare Lund Rasmussen of the University of Southern Denmark and an international team of researchers analyzed paint samples taken from a column capital in the ancient Egyptian palace of King Apries, who ruled from 589 to 570 B.C. The team members identified two naturally occurring mineral pigments whose use had previously been unknown in ancient Egypt. Lead-tin yellow was thought to have been first used by European painters in A.D. 1300, while the first use of lead-antimonate yellow was thought to date to A.D. 1600. Other pigments in the ancient Egyptian paint included white calcite and gypsum; synthetic Egyptian blue pigment, invented in the third millennium B.C.; green atacamite; red hematite; and golden yellow orpiment. Maria Perla Colombini of the University of Pisa and her colleagues also detected traces of rubber and animal glue in the paint, which were used as binders. For more on color in Egyptian art, go to "From Egyptian Blue to Infrared."

Bronze Age Warrior’s Kit Discovered in Germany

Germany Warrior KitGÖTTINGEN, GERMANY—Science Magazine reports that 31 objects thought to have belonged to one warrior have been found in a cache in northeastern Germany’s Tollense Valley, where an intense battle was fought by as many as 2,000 warriors some 3,300 years ago, by a team of researchers led by Joachim Krūger of the University of Greifswald. The warrior’s kit included a bronze awl with a birch handle, a knife, a chisel, a decorated belt box, three dress pins, arrowheads, and fragments of bronze that may have been used as currency. Three thin bronze metal cylinders pierced with bronze nails found with the kit may have been fittings for a cloth bag or wooden storage box. More than 12,000 pieces of human bone, belonging to more than 140 individuals, have been recovered from the ancient battlefield. Almost all of the bones belonged to young men and showed signs of recent and past trauma. Chemical analysis of the bones indicates that not all of the men grew up locally, and the researchers note that the bronze items in the warrior’s kit are similar to those found in southern Germany and the Czech Republic. The researchers speculate that warriors from multiple regions may have been fighting over trade routes along the Tollense River. Read the original scholarly article about this research in Antiquity. To read about a Bronze Age tomb in Greece containing over 2,000 artifacts, go to "World of the Griffin Warrior."

Roman Chariot Unearthed in Croatia

Croatia Roman ChariotVINKOVCI, CROATIA—Total Croatia News reports that a two-wheeled chariot and the remains of harnessed horses were discovered in a burial mound in eastern Croatia, in what was the Roman province of Pannonia. Boris Kratofil of the Museum of Vinkovci said the chariot dates to the third century A.D., and is the first of its kind to be scientifically excavated in Croatia. The burial mound, thought to have belonged to an aristocratic family, measured more than 130 feet in diameter, and was situated along the Roman road that connected Pannonia to the Italian Peninsula to the west, and the Balkans and Asia Minor to the east. Marko Dizdar of Zagreb’s Institute of Archaeology said researchers will restore and conserve the chariot, analyze the human remains, and will try to determine if the horses were bred locally or if they were imported from elsewhere in the Roman Empire. To read about another chariot unearthed from a pre-Roman tomb in Italy, go to "Fit for a Prince."

Study Suggests Neanderthals Regularly Hunted Rabbits

Rabbit Marrow BonesOULU, FINLAND—Maxime Pelletier of the University of Oulu and his colleagues analyzed more than 16,000 butchered rabbit and hare bones uncovered at France’s Pié Lombard site, according to a Cosmos Magazine report. Pelletier said the bones, which were found in a 70,000-year-old layer of the rock shelter containing Mousterian stone tools, represent at least 225 individual animals. It had been previously thought that Neanderthals mainly hunted large, slow-moving animals, and only sporadically caught small game, but these bones bear cut marks from Mousterian tools and show signs of roasting. Most of the long limb bones had been snapped in two to remove the marrow, ruling out the possibility that the animals had been carried to the shelter by other predators. “It’s impossible for predators to make this type of breakage,” Pelletier explained. He also noted that the bones of rabbit paws and tails were missing from the collection, hinting that the pelts may have been removed from the animals with feet and tail intact. “We cannot imagine the Neanderthals just consumed the meat and didn’t exploit the fur after,” he added. For more on Neanderthals' hunting of smaller prey, go to "Neanderthal Fashion Statement."

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: October 16

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

Something new: I created a little website about the Olympian gods and goddesses in Aesop's fables (it's a digital handout for a guest speaker thing I'm doing this week): Aesop on Olympus.

HODIE: ante diem septimum decimum Kalendas Novembres

Inest et formicae bilis.
Even the ant has a temper.

Omnia fert aetas; naturam, nomina, formam
   Fortunamque solet vertere longa dies.

Nemo sine sapientia beatus est.
No one is happy without wisdom.

Amor vincit feros.
Love conquers wild beasts.


Adolescens Piger
Latin version and English version(s)

Uxor et Vir Ovum Pariens
Latin version and English version(s)


by Howard Williams 

Archaeology Magazine

2,000-Year-Old Necropolis Found in Southern France

France Roman NecropolisNARBONNE, FRANCE—According to an Art Daily report, a team of researchers from France's National Institute of Preventive Archaeological Research (INRAP) are investigating a 2,100-year-old necropolis in southern France that was buried under nearly 10 feet of silt by flooding from a branch of the Aude River. Located near Narbo Martius, the capital and trade center of the first Roman colony in Gaul, the well-preserved cemetery is thought to hold an estimated 1,000 burials. Different burial practices have been detected in different areas of the necropolis, although most of the burials are cremations. Some of the human remains were accompanied by glass or ceramic perfume and wine vessels, lamps, charred fruit including dates and figs, and personal ornaments and hygiene items. The researchers also found that one-third of the graves they have excavated were equipped with ceramic libation conduits, or amphorae, which allowed the bereaved to send offerings directly into the grave. Cups and shells for pouring liquid into the conduits have also been recovered. Chemical analysis may reveal what sorts of offerings were poured into the conduits. To read about wall paintings uncovered in a Roman house underneath modern Arles, go to "France's Roman Heritage."

October 16, 2019

The Egyptiana Emporium

NEWS: Coffins Cachette Discovery in Luxor

(Source: Luxor Times).

Dr. Khaled El-Enany, Minister of Antiquities accompanied by Dr.Mostafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, rushed to Luxor to inspect the newly discovered cachette of intact and sealed coffins at Assasif on Luxor’s West Bank.

The details of such a discovery will be announced in a press conference to be held on Saturday.

The discovery details known so far as follows; a cachette contains at least 20 painted wooden coffins and they appear to be intact and many in an excellent state of preservation. The coffins are stacked in two layer and has human remains and mummies inside” – via Luxor Times.

For more exclusive photographs, visit the Luxor Times website.

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Launch of the new online version of DAMOS, Database of Mycenaean at Oslo

October 16, 2019 19:00 - LECTURE Federico Aurora (University of Oslo Library)


October 16, 2019 18:00 - OEAI FELLOWS LECTURE SERIES Mag. Dr. Banu Yener-Marksteiner – Independent Researcher, ÖAW-ÖAI Athen-Post-Doc Fellow

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

Slim Public Support for MOU's with Yemen and Morocco

The docket for the upcoming CPAC meeting on proposed MOU's with Morocco and Yemen indicates that 170 comments were received about one or both of these MOU's.  The vast majority of comments came in response to an appeal from JIMENA (Jews Indigenous to the Middle East & North Africa) against State Department efforts to recognize the rights of authoritarian MENA countries to the religious and cultural artifacts of their displaced Jewish populations.

Coin collector-numismatic trade comments were way down (to approximately 10) from 100's in the past, no doubt due to frustration about the likelihood of numismatic logic moving the State Department, as well as the fact that the obscure coin types found in these countries are mainly of interest to specialists. 

Archaeologists and archaeological advocacy groups were only represented with approximately 10 comments as well, which should again confirm that there is very little actual public support for these MOU's.

Oddly, the "Antiquities Coalition" which has worked with the Yemeni Government on this MOU apparently failed to submit any public comments.  Is it possible the Coalition has already received assurances that the MOU's are a "done deal?"

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

War in the Middle East: Uncle Sam Abandons its Allies, Again [UPDATED]

Reportedly: "International coalition forces have begun withdrawing from their positions in the border areas with Turkey in Ras al-Ain and Tal Abyad, in conjunction with Turkish preparations to occupy areas controlled by the SDF in northern and northeastern Syria". In Syria today, US forces are abandoning their SDF allies in the face of an impending Turkish invasion...
How the US 'honor' their obligations
 to their allies , 7th October 2019

Meanwhile Michael Weiss notes the possible consequences ('Trump Just Opened the Way for Turkey to Invade Syria — and ISIS to Make a Big Comeback' Daily Beast 7th Oct 2019). "ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi exploited the Kurdish issue before and will exploit it again now that all-out war between Turkey and Syria’s Kurds is a foregone conclusion".
Turkey is about to invade the part of Syria the U.S. invaded to defeat the so-called Islamic State. Except Turkey is invading it to defeat the Kurdish proxy force the U.S. relied on to defeat ISIS, because Turkey considers that proxy a terrorist group. And U.S. President Donald J. Trump, apparently, is fine with that. This according to a White House announcement released late Sunday evening that reads as if it were written by someone who wants absolutely nothing to do with a part of a world as fucked up as the Middle East and doesn’t care if the whole place burns to the ground. The move came after Trump, in yet another decisive phone call that probably will be locked away, spoke with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Trump’s decision was to have the United States accede to a NATO ally’s invasion of a de facto U.S. protectorate—an invasion which has been long in the making and is expressly designed to gobble up a crucial U.S. ally. This sounds crazy and it is. [...] What is happening now derives from the inherent contradictions built right into America’s war on terror that are coming to the fore and threatening to precipitate the very thing that the fight against ISIS was meant to reduce.

UPDATE Two Days Later
'BBC Turkey launches offensive in northern Syria with air strikes' 9th October 2019
Turkish warplanes have bombed parts of north-eastern Syria at the start of an offensive which could lead to conflict with Kurdish-led allies of the US. Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the operation was to create a "safe zone" cleared of Kurdish militias which will also house Syrian refugees. The strikes caused civilian casualties, Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said. Turkish ground forces have also been massing on the border. The offensive was launched just days after President Donald Trump controversially withdrew US troops from northern Syria, a decision announced after a phone call with Mr Erdogan that sparked widespread criticism at home and abroad.
More civilian blood on America's hands. Stop this now.

The Archaeology News Network

Surveying solar storms by ancient Assyrian astronomers

A research team led by the University of Tsukuba combined observations from ancient cuneiform tablets that mention unusual red skies with radioisotope data to identify solar storms that likely occurred around 679 to 655 BCE, prior to any previously datable events. This work may help modern astronomers predict future solar flares or coronal mass ejections that can damage satellite and terrestrial electronic devices. Credit: Cambridge...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Lebendiger Gips: 150 Jahre Museum für Abgüsse Klassischer Bildwerke München

Lebendiger Gips: 150 Jahre Museum für Abgüsse Klassischer Bildwerke München
Andrea Schmölder-Veit, Nele Schröder-Griebel (Hrsg.)

  Lebendiger Gips

Das Museum für Abgüsse Klassischer Bildwerke München feiert sein 150-jähriges Bestehen. Mit rund 2.000 Exponaten ist das Museum eine der größten Abguss-Sammlungen Deutschlands.
Zu diesem Jubiläum Anlass präsentiert das Museum eine große Sonderausstellung mit umfangreichen Begleitband. Naturgemäß geht der Blick dabei zum einen zurück auf die wechselvolle Sammlungs-Geschichte, die hierfür erstmals vollständig aufgearbeitet und dargestellt wird.
Zum anderen wird mit dem Begleitband die Frage beantwortet: Warum sammelt man Abgüsse? Und hierauf gibt es nicht nur eine Antwort: Abgüsse dienen auf vielfältige Weise der archäologischen Forschung und Lehre und sind wertwolle Instrumente in der Didaktik.

Bernd Sibler
Martin Hoernes
Stefan Ritter
Zum Geleit 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit, Nele Schröder-Griebel
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Manuel Hunziker, Nele Schröder-Griebel
Gips versus 3D-Druck – der Gipsabguss noch zeitgemäss? 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Andrea Schmölder-Veit, Horst Ziegler
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Gipsabgüsse überall 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Venus Medici 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Die Gründung der Sammlung unter Heinrich Brunn (1869–1894) 
Paul Scheding
Heinrich Brunn und die Fotothek München 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Adolf Furtwängler und die Zeit der Rekonstruktionen (1894–1907) 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Adolf Furtwängler und die Athena Lemnia
Rolf Michael Schneider
In München für Stettin: Idealrekonstruktionen antiker Statuen
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Paul Wolters – »Unerreichter Meister der archäologischen Methode« (1908–1929) 
Olaf Herzog, Wolfgang Schwan
Die Athena-Rekonstruktion von Walter Amelung 
Rolf Michael Schneider
Der Münchner Doryphoros 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Die Sammlung von den 1930er Jahren bis zu ihrer Zerstörung (1929–1945) 
Ralf Krumeich
Ernst Buschor und die Tyrannenmörder 
Constanze Graml
Das Museum ohne Räume und zunächst auch ohne Exponate (1945–1976) 
Ruth Bielfeldt
Olympia in München 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Der Wiederaufbau der Sammlung unter Paul Zanker (1976–1991) 
Markus Löx, Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Dauerleihgaben aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Von der Sammlung zum Museum (1992–2019) 
Markus Löx
Das New Yorker Modell des Konstantinsbogens 
Ruth Bielfeldt, Manuel Hunziker
Der Münchner Olympia-Giebel im digitalen Zeitalter 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Reine Formsache 
Nadja Mertens
Herakles Farnese 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Verloren, vergessen, verwittert – Abgüsse als letzte Zeugen 
Johannes Griebel
Die Reliefs der Säule des Marc Aurel 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit, Nele Schröder-Griebel
Vergleichendes Sehen 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Aus einer Form? 
Exaktes Vergleichen mit 3D-Scans 
Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Abgüsse aus dem Heraion von Samos 
Hermann J. Kienast
Die Geneleos-Gruppe 
Nele Schröder-Griebel
Im Gips vereint – Rekonstruktionen antiker Statuen und Statuengruppen 
Kristina Bolz
Ein Münchner Diskobol: Dem Original so nah wie möglich? 
Viktoria Räuchle
Die Athena-Marsyas-Gruppe des Myron 
David Plecher
Augmented Reality im Museum am Beispiel der Kauernden Aphrodite 
Ralf Krumeich, Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Farbig bemalte Gipsabgüsse archaischer Skulpturen 
Olaf Herzog, Andrea Schmölder-Veit
Der sog. Jüngling mit Siegerbinde: Zur Polychromie von Bronzen 
Inge Kader
Das Modell des Parthenon 
Ellen Harlizius-Klück

The Archaeology News Network

Early humans travelled to Greek islands tens of thousands of years earlier than believed

An international research team led by scientists from McMaster University has unearthed new evidence in Greece proving that the island of Naxos was inhabited by Neanderthals and earlier humans at least 200,000 years ago, tens of thousands of years earlier than previously believed. ‘Neanderthals on Naxos!’ [Credit: Kathryn Killackey]The findings, published in the journal Science Advances, are based on years of excavations and challenge...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Redefining Academic Work and Academic Knowledge

Yesterday Sarah Bond and Kevin Gannon wrote a reply to a widely circulated piece in the Chronicle of Higher Education by Manya Whitaker. Whitaker’s piece suggested that early career scholars should avoid writing for public audiences because these types of publications tend not to chart a clear path to tenure. This is undoubtedly true, particularly at mid- and higher- tier research institutions that continue to see conventional peer review as the gold standard for evaluating faculty development. I can say this with a bit of confidence because my university (and the universities where many of my friends and colleagues work) fits into this category. 

Bond and Gannon argue, as you might expect if you’re familiar with their work, that programs should not only support public outreach, but it should be encouraged early in a scholar’s career and baked into evaluation rubrics perhaps using the well-known Boyer Model for assessing scholarly work. The Boyer Model recognizes a wider range of scholarly outputs as valuable and defines them around four categories: discovery, integration, application, and teaching and argues that this expanded definition of scholarly work provides a more dynamic and diverse foundation for rewarding faculty work. The Boyer Model celebrates its 30th birthday next year and despite its popularity as an idea and a talking point, it is still a rather marginal model for evaluating scholarly work.  

The reasons for this, as Bond and Gannon recognize, is that the professionalization projects particularly in the humanities has been closely tied to peer reviewed, scholarly, publishing. Some of this dates to the late 19th century and the rise of the PhD as a professional research degree grounded first in preparation of a dissertation and then in the rise of the peer reviewed journal and monograph. Professional standards followed the rise of the university in the U.S. and abroad and the growing ability for professional researchers to monetize their work as faculty. As academia diversified, particularly after the WW2, efforts to evaluate scholarly accomplishments remained in lockstep with the changing professionalization project. Double blind peer review, in particular, became a key approach to undermining long-standing racial, gender, and institutional biases and to create, at least in theory, a more level playing field grounded in the merits of work.

In contrast, public scholarship, particularly in the humanities, became associated with older forms of scholarship rooted in elite or even aristocratic values (consider, for example, George Bancroft’s History of the United States). In fact, the tension between professional values and public outreach led to the famous turn of the century split in the American Historical Association, where scholars engaged more deeply in the public project found themselves marginalized for the professional discipline.

Times have changed, of course, but the structure of academia has persisted and public oriented scholarship has often been seen as bonus work or less significant than scholarship oriented toward a more professional audience. Today, this trajectory has encountered challenges from within academia, from the general public who have embraced certain strains of anti-intellectualism, and from the increasingly populist political leaders who have sought cut funding to higher education on the grounds that its out of touch with the general public. As Bonds and Gannon note, for many smaller, regional, teaching-oriented, and tuition-dependent small liberal arts colleges, promoting public outreach may necessary to stave off a looming demographic and economic crisis. There is a real urgency today in efforts to convince a public regularly stoked by anti-intellectualism and a kind of virulent populism that higher education especially in the humanities has value.

At the same time, establishing authority in the public sphere s a difficult task. It involves, on the one hand, establishing claims to expertise and these claims remain grounded in the traditional academic discourse. Traditional, peer-reviewed academic work is intensive, time consuming, and process driven, and it often leaves little time for more public oriented scholarship that nevertheless will leverage a scholar’s status as a professional expert.    

More than this, evaluating the quality, importance, and impact of public oriented scholarship remains a challenge that may cut to the core of the larger academic project. The structures of peer review, academic publication, and the larger scholarly process formed the key element to a professionalization process that is widely seen as ongoing.

Public scholarship, in the other hand, remains more murky not only in how it should be evaluated, but also in relation to the structure through which recognizable outreach can and should occur. In theory, any scholar can prepare an article for peer review publication provided it meets the recognized professional standards of a particular journal or publisher. Getting a work of public scholarship to an audience is often a far more complicated and variable process. On the one hand, you could submit it to one of the hundreds of little magazines that publish non-fiction and essays. These range from Harper’s to smaller publications like North Dakota Quarterly (which is accepting submissions for non-fiction for two more weeks!) or my personal favorite N+1. Many of these publications read professionally, but few have the same “double blind” procedures as academic publications. They also reflect a wide range of audiences that may not entirely be clear for an academic who is not already an avid reader of these little magazines. 

Alternately, you might get lucky and have the connections necessary to publish from time to time in places like the Chronicle of Higher EducationThe Atlantic, or any other more mainstream publications that feature academic work. The pathways to these opportunities, however, tend to be more about invitations, connections, and contacts (if not pure chance) and less professionally transparent. Writing for the wider public often introduces the vagaries of the commercial market – page views, bounce rates, marketing plans, and the like – to academic work and shape how scholar can connect to an audience. In many cases, commercial pressures, for example, exert a greater influence on a work intended for public consumption than an academic project. This isn’t to suggest that these works are somehow compromised by this, but calls for outreach and public scholarship aren’t just about making what we already do more visible and accessible, but are also about doing more accessible scholarship. 

Issues of audience and activism also play a role in how we understand the place of public scholarship in academic career advancement. There’s a tendency to see the public as somehow fundamentally different from an academic audience. There might be less of a difference between a targeted “public audience” and a targeted professional one in terms of numbers and even impact. We tend to think of specialized work primarily of interest to other scholars, but there are any number of activist communities who appreciate more accessible scholarly work that supports their missions. This work overlaps between academic and public audiences because scholar activists tend to move easily between groups as well. Such ambiguities between the role of scholar and the public are not fatal to any effort to evaluate the work of public oriented scholars, but demonstrate that these categories are relatively loosely defined. 

Finally, there is the sticky issue of identity and the public. Authority and expertise are undoubtedly performative. Looking, speaking, and acting the part of the expert goes a long way to establishing public trust. At the same time, many academics would eschew outward expressions of expertise and the conventionalizing elements that the public associates with academic knowledge. We tend to equivocate and avoid both dogma and doctrine in our approach to defining what we know. On a personal level, I can say that I’m a far LESS confident scholar now than I was 15 years ago when I started at my job. It’s not just that academia has beaten me down, but also that I recognize that academia is a process and only chumps make statements unbound by disclaimers. The tension between academic knowledge and public expectations, of course, can be productive and serve to shift public perceptions of professional scholars, but, at the same time, there continues to be no lack of tweed-clad, middle-aged, white-guy professors pontificating on the hourly documentaries that appear on television (for example). Balancing between public expectations and the academic realities of scholarly appearance and behavior without compromising the integrity of the academic undertaking is something that public oriented scholars understand, but it’s not easy or simple to execute in practice. 

These comments are not meant in any way to undermine or even challenge Bond and Gannon’s piece. It’s important and good because it implies these more complicated moves that may well reshape academic culture in the coming decades. This isn’t about recognizing public scholarship, but about creating an intellectual space for public scholarship to develop as part of the larger professionalizing trajectory of contemporary higher education.  

Current Epigraphy Third Meeting Short Report

The community held its third meeting in Vienna, Austria at the end of May 2019. The following short report has been published in anticipation of a fuller report of the meeting, now in preparation. – A Collaborative Environment for Digital Epigraphy is an international open community that brings together epigraphers, projects, and institutions (such as AIEGL, EDH, EDR, and Trismegistos) to pursue a collaborative environment for digital epigraphy that will facilitate scholarly communication and interaction. The purpose of is not to replace existing digital resources but to serve as a hub for a fruitful exchange of epigraphic data and digital solutions that will benefit all epigraphers.

Several factors contributed to the genesis of, but the initial impulse was provided by the anticipated end to the funding of the Epigraphic Database Heidelberg in 2020. So far, three workshop sessions have been held (Heidelberg, March 21st-23rd, 2018; Zadar, December 14th – 16th 2018; Vienna, May 30th – June 1st 2019), and the fourth is scheduled to take place in Hamburg in February 19th – 21st 2020. The workshops have been used to explore and define the goals and methodology of the community. Major initiatives to come out of those workshops include: developing best practices to facilitate access to the ever- growing number of individual online epigraphic databases and projects, as well as finding ways to preserve “dead” (static and/or moribund) digital publications. Additional issues addressed in the workshops include: guidelines, standards, and best practices; services for citation, revision, and exchange; financial support; and legal concerns.

In sum, the community works to gather and enhance the many existing epigraphic efforts, and serves as a landing point for digital tools, practices and methodologies for managing collections of inscriptions. The community supports the principles of open access and free sharing, as long as due referencing rules are observed. Notes and reports from every workshop are shared online at the website so that anyone who is interested can follow the activities of the community. The community is open to all researchers, students and enthusiasts, to all institutions and projects: indeed, all are welcome and encouraged to contribute to its activities. For more information please visit or send an email to (

Vienna Meeting Highlights:

At the recently completed Vienna meeting, participants agreed upon a number of concrete actions. Working groups were established to advance four key initiatives in advance of the Hamburg meeting:

● Recommending next steps to improve the availability and completeness of descriptive vocabularies and specifications for epigraphic Linked Data;
● Developing user profiles and scenarios for future epigraphic “systems of systems”;
● Preparing a draft “statement on handling of unpublished inscriptions”;
● Interacting with individual projects to assure that all existing digital epigraphic texts and metadata become available via stable URIs under open-access license in EpiDoc format.

With regard to community administration, a general mailing list was established; procedures for the election and service of committee members were ratified; and working groups were constituted to conduct social media outreach activities, organize task tracking, and prepare a full report from the meeting (forthcoming). The following committee members were elected to one-year terms: Andrea Mannocci (Pisa), Chiara Cenati (Vienna), Tom Elliott (New York), M. Cristina de la Escosura (Zaragoza), Tom Gheldof (Leuven), and Vincent Razanajao (Bordeaux).


● Heidelberg, March 21st-23rd, 2018:
● Zadar, December 14th – 16th 2018:
● Vienna, May 30th – June 1st 2019:

The post Third Meeting Short Report appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

BiblePlaces Blog

Ancient Jerusalem Revealed: Mamilla Pool and Aqueduct

Excavations by David Amit in the area where the Museum of Tolerance is being built in West Jerusalem have revealed that the Mamilla Pool dates to the time of King Herod. While there are a number of pools in the Jerusalem area that date to the time of Herod, no one has ever been sure about the large one that’s rather tucked away down the street from the King David Hotel. Amit reports the results of his excavation in Ancient Jerusalem Revealed.

Amit comes to this conclusion from his excavations of an area slightly uphill from the pool where he uncovered a portion of the Upper Aqueduct system from the Second Temple period. By determining that that the pool is part of this aqueduct system, it is clear that the Mamilla Pool dates to the Second Temple period.

In addition, the excavations revealed an earlier water system from approximately the time of Hezekiah. A massive dam was constructed to divert run-off into Jerusalem, possibly into the Mishneh Quarter. This forerunner to the Upper Aqueduct system may have been constructed to provide water to the new inhabitants on Jerusalem’s Western Hill. Next to the dam, a contemporary Iron Age building may have served as an administrative building, possibly for supervising and maintaining the system. Amit notes the large number of royal seal impressions found in the area may support this theory.

It does seem that wherever one digs in Jerusalem, or in its vicinity, one finds something of interest. This rather modest dig adds significant contributions to our understanding of the water systems of Jerusalem in both the Old and New Testament eras.

Mamilla Pool, circa 1860. You don't realize how close it is to the Old City until you move the buildings out of the way.

Mamilla Pool, circa 1910, with some buildings in the way.

Mamilla Pool, filled with water, early 1900s.

Mamilla Pool, in more recent days.

Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

Reconnecting archaeology

Something to watch this midweek. Another videoed session from the CIfA conference.

Session Info:

If you speak to archaeologists about what attracts them to the discipline, they tend to speak in terms of belonging. They want be part of the ‘tribe’ of fellow archaeologists. But there are divisions in our field, which many decry. There is competition, fight for limited jobs and funds.
The tribe pulls in different directions for different purposes: Curator and contractor, academic and applied, CIfA member and non-member. Then there are our relationships with the public and with others.
Most of us want less of this division. In general, we agree that ‘we’ should work together and, for instance, lobby with a strong single voice, but we have acted slowly upon that idea. Experience tells us that breaking down the walls is not a happy, self-rewarding exercise. This session looks at the ‘why’ of these divisions. However, in seeking to better understand ourselves and how we might change internally, we will look outwardly at the purpose and ambition of our profession and discipline to see whether there are clues in that which we wish to achieve in the world that could help us reform, refine, and reconnect our tribe.

Organisers: Mark Spanjer, Saixon University
Rob Lennox, Chartered Institute for Archaeologists

Communicating ideas: the (dis)connections between theory and practice

This paper focuses on the role of academia as a generator of new ideas in the heritage sector, particularly on ‘critical heritage theory’, which has become increasingly focused on the socio-political complexities of archaeology and conservation. As part of an ongoing PhD research project, I plan to investigate how the ideas generated by academia are applicable within the constraints of practice. Is the broad, ambitious scope of theoretical ideas compatible with the financial and practical pressures faced in day-to-day archaeology and conservation work? In particular, I examine how debates around heritage work impact on policy and are applied at local government level. Finally, I ask: are academic concepts communicated across the heritage sector in ways which are useful and accessible for non-academics, and could better communication between different groups enable more productive discussions?

Alison Edwards, PhD candidate, University of York

Reconnecting archaeology: introduction

This short introductory paper will set the scene for the session. It will introduce some of the existential questions which the organisers have ruminated on in the development of the session; it will explore briefly the perceived political context for the session, and how it arose, in part, out of the discussion on ‘Brexit and Beyond’ at CIfA’s 2017 conference; and it will pose some key questions to focus debate throughout the morning.

Rob Lennox, Policy and Communications Advisor, CIfA

Re-connecting through place

The proposition of this session is that ‘we’ (the archaeological profession) have become divided and fragmented, to the detriment of what we do. But what is the ‘glue’ that can, or should, bind us together?
As archaeologists and as citizens, we are all interested in the archaeology of places which are in some sense local to us: the places we live in, work or visit. Of course, this interest is shared by large parts of the public. Even people who are not especially concerned about archaeology in an abstract sense, are usually fascinated by knowing more about their locality: what has been found on their housing estate, or in the centre of their town; who lived there and what their lives were like. By engaging more actively with the archaeology of specific places, can we find common ground which will connect us more strongly, both with each other and with the public? This paper will explore this idea, examining some of the challenges which this poses for development-led archaeology, for universities and for the public sector, but also aiming to highlight the potential of such an approach and some current initiatives.

Gill Hey, Oxford Archaeology, Roger Thomas, Oxford University, and Chris Gosden, University of Oxford

Why bad things happen to good people

If archaeologists were soldiers we would learn that defence is stronger than offence. We are not soldiers. And it seems wise to sit and wait when the profession is still economically not strong and the position of archaeology in society reasonable stable. We do our jobs and research; comme il faut. Is this wise? Do we wait for change or leave our positions and go out to look for a different, ‘other archaeology’? This contribution will look at a success story of a recent project in the Netherlands, but in retrospect is it still a success? In the changing political climate there is a reasonable chance that our profession will come under threat and our possible allies are not embraced within current archaeology. What we see as threats or irregularities could very well be a pathway to our shared future.

Mark Spanjer, Lecturer in Archaeology, Saxion University

The problem with archaeology is archaeologists….

Archaeology in England is defined by archaeologists, for archaeologists with outputs overwhelmingly for archaeologists. Whilst it may be done under the mask of ‘public benefit’, in reality our approach to archaeology as a sector is a continuation of the extremely inward-looking approach of PPG 16. To better reconnect – with each other and the wider society – we actually have to put the wider society first. We need to reassess our purpose and outputs; ask what is our legacy? This paper will explore how we should refocus archaeological endeavour away from delivering the impossible – the current expert-driven, artefact and recording-obsessed process and start letting wider society participate just because it’s their stuff and its good fun. Archaeology is a very creative process – it challenges people to think and it creates cultural understanding and value. If we are serious about reconnecting archaeology, then we need to embrace our creative spirit and use it as the focus our purpose.

Neil Redfern, Principle Inspector of Ancient Monuments Yorkshire, Historic England

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for October 16, 2019

Hodie est a.d. XVII Kal. Nov. 2772 AUC ~ 18 Pyanepsion in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It

Public Facing Classics

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcasts

This week, we’re back on the boat to the Trojan War where Agamemnon has a problem. I mean, he always has a lot of problems, but this one involves a bunch of warriors with nothing to do but wait for the winds to pick up, and they’re not going to pick up until Agamemnon does what needs to be done.

Book Reviews

Professional Matters


‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it should thunder today, it portends the weakening of men to such an extent that they will be unrecognizable.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

The Archaeology News Network

New study shows huge dinosaurs evolved different cooling systems to combat heat stroke

Different dinosaur groups independently evolved gigantic body sizes, but they all faced the same problems of overheating and damaging their brains. Researchers from Ohio University's Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine show in a new article in the Anatomical Record that different giant dinosaurs solved the problem in different ways, evolving different cooling systems in different parts of the head. Gigantic dinosaurs like the...

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Jim Davila (

Biblical Oxyrhynchus papyri stolen and sold?

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Constantina Katsari (Love of History Blog)

Eunuchs and Transsexuals and their political power

You probably already know that some transgender people chose to make a transition with the help of surgery in order to live life as transexuals. Sex re-assignment surgery or gender re-assignement surgery is a phenomenon of the 20th and the 21st century. The experience is fraught with dangers at the physical and the psychological level. There is no doubt, though, that it remains largely positive when the choice is made intentionally, after serious forethought and with the help of professionals. As sexual politics evolved rapidly the past few years, most of the debates we hear are about the rights of transgender people, their status in law and how well they are integrated into society. We do not hear about their change of gender in relation to political power. Unless, of course, we want to pay emphasis on the fact that their presence in the political arena is accepted or frowned upon. Suffice to say that in some countries their presence anywhere causes derision or hate actions at a great personal and social cost. I am more interested, though, in the position of transsexual people at the highest echelons of political power in the so called civilised countries of the West. How many MPs, MEPs or Ministers do you know that are transsexual? The answer is probably none as far as I am concerned. I am deeply concerned that this part of the population is not adequately represented where it matters. I am also concerned at the deep socio political transitions that happened the last few centuries, which led to the exclusion of these people from the political arena. This was not always the case… Back in the Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire, if you which to call it that) Eunuchs held prominent positions in the government. Eunuchs are the not the same as Transsexuals but they are the closest that I can think of in terms of sexual orientation. In the first instance, eunuchs may not have had a choice in changing their sex, while transsexual always have a choice to go or not got through the transition. Furthermore, women could not change their body in ancient or medieval times, while it is possible to do so today. I can think of several more differences. Even so, the similarities between the two groups of people are strong and remain valid. They all underwent physical changes that altered their sex. Byzantine law distinguished two kinds of eunuchs: the ektomiai or ektomoi, i.e. castrati, from whom a surgical operation had removed all means of procreation, and the spadones or thladiai (Nicet. 608), whom a constitutional defect or an illness had rendered incapable of procreation or impotent. Of course, the law referred exclusively to men, never to women. Unlike modern attempts to remove transexuals from the front office, eunuchs were numerous in Byzantium they were always sought after by the Byzantine emperors. They were considered a valuable gift. In the era of the empress Irene (797-802) eunuchs formed a veritable swarm in the Grand Palace. The laws, however, severely prohibited eunuchism. The early Roman emperors during the first and the second centuries AD prohibited this practice, at least within the boundaries of the empire. Justinian I punished the perpetrators and accomplices of the operation with the penalty of retaliation. If the condemned person survived, he was sent to the mines and his property was confiscated. In spite of all that, the practice of eunuchism did not disappear, since there was no prohibition against trading in eunuchs who came from foreign countries. Specifically, in the 5th century, Leo I (457-474) prohibited the sale of eunuchs of Roman nationality within the empire, but he had to allow the trade in eunuchs of foreign nationality (Code of Justinian IV 42.2: de eunuchis). In the end, a powerful order of eunuchs was formed in Constantinople. Special titles of nobility were created for them and certain responsibilities were reserved for them. They eventually came to exercise all public functions both in the palace and in the army. There are many reasons that explain the rulers’ keen interest in eunuchs. First of all, it is almost certain that the all-powerful imperial women needed the service of numerous eunuchs. Moreover, once introduced to the imperial palace, the eunuchs quickly acquired a profound influence on the emperors and empresses who used them as advisors, or treated them as protégées. Eventually, some of them were seen as members of the imperial family. Once it was noticed that being a eunuch could bring fortune, power, and honour, parents consented to the castration of one of their children. Unlike the reaction of the modern Christian churches to transsexual, transgender, gay, lesbians etc, the Byzantine Church did not reject eunuchs from the ecclesiastical hierarchy. It included a large number of eunuch clergy, among them patriarchs, metropolitans, bishops, and monks. This is definitely another sign of the power of eunuchs in that society. What is most surprising is the great number of eunuchs whom one encounters as generals and admirals throughout the history of Byzantium, especially after Justinian I. The reason for this is that the rulers found it prudent to entrust the chief command of their armies to eunuchs. Other more experienced generals would probably accompany these eunuchs during campaigns, but in subordinate roles. The reason for allowing eunuchs to lead the army was the fact that a castrated general could not have become a usurper to the throne. Throughout the Byzantine period individuals who could not procreate and give birth to an heir could not become emperors. It is evident that the role of eunuchs in the civilian hierarchy in Byzantium was even more important than their role in the army. Surrounded by a powerful aristocracy, which could have been a threat to the throne, the rulers preferred to employ eunuchs as their most trusted assistants. Of course, this is not the case in the 21st century. Western societies are profoundly democratic and there is no hereditary monarchy that needs to be protected from potential usurpers. The power dynamics have changed profoundly over the centuries and as such the reliance on Eunuchs or transexuals. Transsexuals are stripped of their power in the political sphere and I do not see how they can regain the illustrious positions they held in the distant past.

Jim Davila (

Review of Lord (et al.), The Singer of Tales (3rd ed.)

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Emergency Clerical Hologram

I was delighted to have the chance to make a guest appearance in Steven Schweitzer’s class on theology and science fiction at Bethany Theological Seminary in Richmond, Indiana. Steve is working on a book about theology and science fiction, as well as teaching a class on the subject, and it was a real delight to get […]

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.10.34: Catullus. The Poems of Gaius Valerius Catullus: Some English Versions

Review of Roz Kaveney, Catullus. The Poems of Gaius Valerius Catullus: Some English Versions. Bristol: 2018. Pp. 154. $15.00 (pb). ISBN 9781912802227.

2019.10.33: Gallus Reborn. A Study of the Diffusion and Reception of Works Ascribed to Gaius Cornelius Gallus. Routledge Focus on Classical Studies

Review of Paul White, Gallus Reborn. A Study of the Diffusion and Reception of Works Ascribed to Gaius Cornelius Gallus. Routledge Focus on Classical Studies. London; New York: 2019. Pp. 76. $60.00. ISBN 9780367200596.

2019.10.32: A Latin-Greek index of the Vulgate New Testament and the Apostolic Fathers. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 403

Review of Theodore A. Bergren, A Latin-Greek index of the Vulgate New Testament and the Apostolic Fathers. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 403. Tübingen: 2018. Pp. x, 261. €114.00. ISBN 9783161560248.

2019.10.31: Beyond Reception: Renaissance Humanism and the Transformation of Classical Antiquity. Transformationen der Antike, 62

Review of Patrick Baker, Johannes Helmrath, Craig Kallendorf, Beyond Reception: Renaissance Humanism and the Transformation of Classical Antiquity. Transformationen der Antike, 62. Berlin; Boston: 2019. Pp. vi, 208. €79,95. ISBN 9783110635775.

2019.10.30: Athens, Etruria, and the Many Lives of Greek Figured Pottery. Wisconsin studies in classics

Review of Sheramy D. Bundrick, Athens, Etruria, and the Many Lives of Greek Figured Pottery. Wisconsin studies in classics. Madison: 2019. Pp. 352. $119.95. ISBN 9780299321000.

2019.10.29: Les juristes écrivains de la Rome antique: les oeuvres des juristes comme litterature. Docet omnia

Review of Dario Mantovani, Les juristes écrivains de la Rome antique: les oeuvres des juristes comme litterature. Docet omnia. Paris: 2018. Pp. 358. €21,00 (pb). ISBN 9782251448138.

Compitum - publications

L. Buono et E. Russo (éd.), Homiliaria Beneventana. I


Lidia Buono et Eugenia Russo (éd.), Homiliaria Beneventana. I, Florence, 2019.

Éditeur : Sismel - Edizioni del Galluzzo
Collection : Biblioteche e archivi, 36
XXIV-282 pages
160 €

Il volume propone l'analisi di una selezione di omeliari in scrittura beneventana (X-XIII secolo), che comprende i manoscritti omiletici della Biblioteca Capitolare di Benevento, un folto gruppo di codici di Montecassino, un manoscritto della Biblioteca Vaticana, quattro manoscritti conservati presso la Biblioteca Vallicelliana di Roma e un codice del Museo diocesano di Salerno. La descrizione accurata del profilo di queste grandi collezioni e dei singoli testi che le compongono rende possibile l'individuazione della presenza/assenza di certi testi patristici o di altre peculiarità riconducibili a milieux geo/culturali ben definiti. Gli omeliari – documento capitale per la storia dell'Ufficio liturgico – divengono così anche uno strumento prezioso per lo studio della letteratura patristica, della sua fortuna medievale, in rapporto con le dinamiche storiche e culturali che sovrintesero alla loro produzione.


Source : Sismel - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Archaeology Magazine

Study Shows Shellfish Thrived in Canada's Ancient Clam Gardens

Canada Clam GardenBRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA—According to a Cosmos Magazine report, Ginevra Toniello of Simon Fraser University and her colleagues examined paleoecological, archaeological, and modern records of butter clams (Saxidomus gigantean) living in the northern Salish Sea over the past 11,500 years, and found that today’s clams are similarly sized to those of the Early Holocene. The team members analyzed clam shells found in middens at five coastal archaeological sites, and found that the shellfish were first harvested some 9,000 years ago. Shells dating to some 3,500 years ago grew larger, Toniello explained, when indigenous people began to construct rock-walled terraces in intertidal zones. Maintenance of these “clam gardens” helped to optimize and preserve clam habitats while protecting bivalves from non-human predators. The gardens also produced plentiful crabs, sea cucumbers, and seaweeds. Traditional clam gardens declined after the arrival of Europeans and the introduction of industrial harvesting methods, Toniello added. For more on clam gardens, go to "World Roundup: Canada."  

Possible Route to Sendai Castle Uncovered in Japan

SENDAI, JAPAN—The Mainichi reports that stone wall foundations that may have been part of an original route leading to Sendai Castle’s Tatsumi Gate have been unearthed in northeastern Japan. Completed in A.D. 1637, the castle served as an administrative center, and was frequently rebuilt after fires and earthquakes until what remained was completely destroyed during the World War II bombing of Sendai. An official from the city’s Municipal Board of Education said two routes to the castle are known to have been depicted on an Edo period (A.D. 1603–1868) map. Another section of wall measuring about 65 feet long was uncovered near the gate site earlier this year. However, this section does not align with the newly uncovered section of wall, which measures about 13 feet long. Nineteenth-century porcelain recovered at the site suggests the shorter stretch of wall may have been built at a later date. To read about another discovery in Japan, go to "Samurai Nest Egg."

Intact 4,000-Year-Old Coffins Found in Egypt

Egypt Luxor CoffinsCAIRO, EGYPT—The Associated Press reports that more than 20 painted wooden coffins were discovered in the Al-Asasif necropolis, which is located on Luxor’s West Bank, at the ancient town of West Thebes. Mostafa Waziri of the Supreme Council of Antiquities said the well-preserved coffins date from 1994 to 332 B.C., and were found in two groups, one placed on top of the other. The coffins remain sealed and intact, he added. To read about the sunken city of Thonis-Heracleion at the mouth of the Nile, go to "Egypt's Temple Town."

October 15, 2019

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Gli effetti dell'acqua sui beni culturali al 39° Convegno "Scienza e Beni Culturali"

Combattere il degrado del patrimonio culturale dovuto all’interazione dell’acqua con i Beni Culturali. Invasione e risalita capillare, microclima indoor, cambiamenti climatici, l’effetto dell’acqua nei contesti archeologici (visibili, non visibili e sommersi), questi i temi principali del 36° Convegno Internazionale Scienza e Beni Culturali.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Discovered: Unknown yellow colors from antiquity

Archaeologists have long known that artefacts from the Antiquity were far more colorful than one...

Carole Raddato (Following Hadrian)

The forest inscriptions of Hadrian in Mount Lebanon

Lebanon is famously known for the presence of a very special kind of tree, the legendary cedar tree (cedrus libani). It is emblazoned on the national flag and is, due to its long history, one of the most defining features of Lebanon’s culture. The country is the most densely wooded in the Middle East, and… Continue reading The forest inscriptions of Hadrian in Mount Lebanon

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Witnesses

The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Witnesses
Cover The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Witnesses


The earliest Latin versions of the writings of the New Testament offer important insights into the oldest forms of the biblical text, the use of language in the ancient Church and the foundations from which Christian theology developed in the West. 



This is the homepage for work towards new editions of the Epistles of Paul in Latin and Greek undertaken by the International Greek New Testament Project and its collaborators.
It will provide a gateway to electronic transcriptions and other resources created during the course of the edition. (For similar resources on the Gospel according John, visit XML transcriptions made by the projects are available below.
The following projects are contributing to the new editions:
    The International Greek New Testament Project
    Transcriptions of Greek manuscripts of Galatians, Ephesians and Philippians are currently in progress.
      Transcriptions of Galatians in Greek
      October 2014: Release of the first 22 reconciled transcriptions of Galatians: GA 5, 6, 18, 35, 61, 296, 436, 451, 454, 459, 582, 630, 1424, 1573, 1622, 1838, 1899, 1908, 2004, 2127, 2400, 2492.
      November 2017: Release of 75 further reconciled transcriptions of Galatians: GA 018, 049, 0142, 33, 38, 43, 69, 81, 103, 104, 177, 203, 218, 256, 263, 326, 327, 330, 337, 365, 378, 421, 429, 431, 442, 455, 462, 467, 506, 608, 617, 617S, 623, 628, 629, 632, 642, 858, 891, 915, 1115, 1175, 1250, 1398, 1505, 1563, 1739, 1798, 1798S1, 1817, 1837, 1881, 1910, 1912, 1918, 1929, 1930, 1947, 1947S, 1959, 1961, 1978, 1985, 1988, 2200, 2221, 2356, 2516, 2523, 2574, 2576, 2596, 2659, 2674, 2805.
      October 2018: Release of 37 further reconciled transcriptions of Galatians: GA 06, 020, 044, 0122, 0176, 0319, 88, 424, 620, 1105, 1241, 1267, 1319, 1523, 1523S1, 1523S2, 1611, 1751, 1913, 1942, 1943, 1962, 1969, 1973, 1984, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2002, 2102, 2110, 2197, 2248, 2248S1, 2482, 2815.
      Transcriptions of Ephesians in Greek
      October 2018: First release of 73 reconciled transcriptions: GA 0230, 6, 18, 35, 38, 61, 69, 81, 88, 93, 94, 102, 104, 181, 203, 203S, 218, 263, 296, 322, 330, 363, 365, 383, 436, 442, 451, 462, 506, 606, 629, 636, 664, 1115, 1127, 1175, 1241, 1245, 1311, 1319, 1398, 1490, 1505, 1573, 1611, 1678, 1721, 1729, 1831, 1836, 1838, 1851, 1877, 1881, 1886, 1893, 1912, 1913, 1942, 1959, 2004, 2005, 2127, 2138, 2180, 2243, 2400, 2492, 2495, 2516, 2523, 2544, 2805.

    The CATENA project (ITSEE, Birmingham)
    "CATENA: Commentary Manuscripts in the History and Transmission of the New Testament", funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 Programme under Grant Agreement 770816 between 2018 and 2023.
      Transcriptions of Romans in Greek
      Currently in preparation

    The COMPAUL project (ITSEE, Birmingham)
    "COMPAUL: The Earliest Commentaries on Paul as Sources for the Biblical Text", funded by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement 283302 between 2011 and 2016.
      Database of Quotations
      99,790 full-text quotations of Romans, 1 Corinthians and Galatians in Latin authors up to the eighth century, prepared in conjunction with the Vetus Latina Database
      38,150 full-text Greek quotations of the Pauline Epistles, prepared in conjunction with Biblindex
      A searchable version of this database is expected to be released in late 2016.
      Transcriptions of Romans in Latin
      Full text transcriptions of Romans in VL 31, 32, 51, 54, 58, 61, 64, 67, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 251, 262, 271 and the lemma text of Ambrosiaster, Augustine, Rufinus and Pelagius.
      Transcriptions of 1 Corinthians in Latin
      Full text transcriptions of 1 Corinthians in VL 32, 51, 54, 58, 61, 64, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 251, 411 and the lemma text of Ambrosiaster and Pelagius
      Transcriptions of 2 Corinthians in Latin
      Full text transcriptions of 2 Corinthians in VL 31, 32, 51, 54, 58, 61, 64, 67, 75, 76, 77, 78, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89, 251 and the lemma text of Ambrosiaster and Pelagius
      Transcriptions of Galatians in Latin
      Full text transcriptions of Galatians in VL 51, 54, 58, 61, 64, 67, 75, 76, 77, 78, 84, 87, 88, 89, 251, 262, a handful of Vulgate manuscripts, and the lemma text of Marius Victorinus, Ambrosiaster, Jerome, Augustine, Pelagius and the Latin Theodore of Mopsuestia as well as testimonia collections

    The Museum of the Bible Greek Paul Project
    This project is making transcriptions of Greek manuscripts of 1 & 2 Timothy and 1 & 2 Thessalonians.

The Archaeology News Network

Cache of sealed coffins discovered in necropolis on Luxor's West Bank

Egypt's Antiquities Ministry says archaeologists have uncovered at least 20 ancient wooden coffins in the southern city of Luxor. This photo provided by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities shows recently discovered ancient coloured coffins with inscriptions and paintings, in the southern city of Luxor, Egypt [Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities via AP]A brief statement from the ministry says Tuesday says archaeologists found the...

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American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Greek language in Roman Egypt

October 15, 2019 19:00 - LECTURE Dr. Martti Leiwo (University of Helsinky)

Choir Performance by Vor Frues Kantori

October 15, 2019 19:00 -

The Archaeology News Network

Second monumental gate unearthed at Hacılar Great Mound

An excavation team working at Hacılar Great Mound are jovial after finding a second monumental gate in the province of Burdur, unveiling a discovery that a local kingdom ruled the region in southwestern Turkey for some time. Credit: Anadolu AgencyThe Great Mound is located in the village of Hacılar, where Hacılar ceramics were discovered by the British archaeologist James Mellaart in the late 1950s. Excavations have been carried out...

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Belongings of warrior discovered on unique Bronze Age battlefield site

Recent archaeological investigations in the Tollense Valley led by the University of Gottingen, the State Agency for Cultural Heritage in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and the University of Greifswald have unearthed a collection of 31 unusual objects. Researchers believe this is the personal equipment of a Bronze Age warrior who died on the battlefield 3,300 years ago. This unique find was discovered by a diving team headed by Dr Joachim...

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Exquisite Gold Jewelry Recovered from Lord Elgin’s Shipwreck Off Greece’s Kythera Island

The Greek Ministry of Culture announced on Tuesday that marine archaeologists have discovered...

The Archaeology News Network

Discovered: Unknown yellow colours from antiquity

Archaeologists have long known that artefacts from the Antiquity were far more colourful than one would think when looking at the bright white statues and temples, left behind for today. Paint samples were taken from this column from Palace of King Apries I [Credit: Ole Haupt/SDU]The statues and buildings only appear white today because the colours have degraded over time; Initially, lots of colours were in use. This was also true...

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ArcheoNet BE

Stempels, geschilderde opschriften en graffiti op transportamforen

Op woensdag 16 oktober organiseert de Antwerpse Vereniging voor Romeinse Archeologie (AVRA) de lezing ‘Berichten over productie en handel in de Romeinse Oudheid. Stempels, geschilderde opschriften en graffiti op transportamforen’. Gastspreker is Patrick Monsieur.

Griekse en Romeinse amforen dienden voor het transport van levensmiddelen over lange en middellange afstand, meestal in vloeibare vorm: wijn, olijfolie, olijven, vissaus, gepekelde vis en droge vruchten. Vaak vertonen zij diverse teksten zoals fabrieksstempels, geschilderde opschriften en graffiti. Deze geven informatie over zowel de fabricatie van de amfoor als over het product dat erin zat. Zo kennen we de
namen van de amforenfabrikanten en de handelaars die de amforen opkochten om hun producten te vervoeren. Daarnaast worden vaak de naam en de kwaliteit van het product vermeld evenals maataanduidingen inzake gewicht en volume. Van dergelijke documenten zijn er ook in België bijzondere stukken gevonden.
Een onschatbare bron dus voor de kennis van productie en handelsnetwerken in de Romeinse Oudheid!

Praktisch: de lezing start om 20u in de UA-Stadscampus (Rodestraat 14, Antwerpen). De toegang is gratis. De lezing wordt georganiseerd i.s.m. de Vakgroep Geschiedenis van de Universiteit Antwerpen.

The Archaeology News Network

Study 'cures' oldest case of deafness in human evolution

An international team of researchers including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has published a new study examining a 430,000-year-old cranium of a human ancestor that was previously described as deaf, representing the oldest case of deafness in human prehistory. Cranium 4 from the site of the Sima de los Huesos in northern Spain [Credit: Binghamton University]"The current finding is significant because...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: L'Antiquité Classique

[First posted in AWOL 29 December 2013, updated 15 Octrober 2019]

L'Antiquité Classique
eISSN - 2295-9076
L’Antiquité Classique est une revue annuelle, de renommée internationale, spécialisée dans le domaine de l’Antiquité grecque et romaine (de la période préhellénique jusqu’à l’Antiquité tardive ou aux aspects de la Renaissance liés aux études antiques). Soutenue par la Fondation universitaire de Belgique et le Fonds de la Recherche scientifique (FNRS), la revue publie dans les langues usuelles de la recherche (anglais, français, allemand, italien, espagnol…) des contributions originales, soumises préalablement à l’avis d’un Comité de lecture (avec experts internationaux).
1932 - 2013, 123 Issues, 20002 documents 
Most recent volume online

L'antiquité classique, Tome 82, 2013.

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Articles – Artikels

1 - 247

Comptes Rendus – Recensies – Book Reviews

279 - 725