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May 30, 2017

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Dumbdown PAS Promotion of Treasure Hunting: Here are the Effects

Scrap metal, what is left of yet another
inexpertly excavated Anglo-Saxon brooch (no scale).
Harry Pettit, ' Man is disgusted after 1,400-year-old Anglo-Saxon jewel found in his York garden is valued at a 'paltry' £2,800' Mailonline, 29 May 2017
Mr Hardcastle, of York, North Yorkshire, said: 'I am disgusted and insulted by the offer,[...] Mr Hardcastle had put the jewellery up for sale on an antiquities website to test what bids he would get and they reached almost £50,000 ($64,000) before he pulled the sale. He says he is now going to fight to keep the jewellery rather than sell it for £2,800 ($3,500).
Accordng to this report, Mr Hardcastle started to auction a Treasure find illegally. If that is true, I think for that he should forfeit the reward totally. The brooch itself is a poorly made example of the late seventh century, we have many more in museum collections of better quality, and better preserved. this one has been trashed by being dug up inexpertly, is lacking its backplate, pin and rim, and many of the filigree front plates (look at the shapes of the 14 remaining - there would have been probaly 20 originally). There would also have been a central element, probably a bigger boss. Also missing is any gold and garnet cellwork and the material filling the body of the object, the four bosses and cells. The item has very little to tell us about anything much - and this jerk wants the public to pay HIM £50,000 to get its own heritage back from this greedy grabber. In any case, the more things like this are dug up, the more the value of all the others drops. What is there to not understand?

Here is an example of the general type of thing (earlier, Kentish and with a flat face) to give an idea what is missing (still in the ground three feet down under this bloke;'s fence)  - The Kingston Down brooch.

Kingston Down brooch 

ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

The relevance of typology in grammatical research

Many New Testament scholars look at language typology with suspicion. Some believe that using typological studies is dangerous because they have the potential to mislead the scholar to draw conclusions about Greek grammar not from the internal structure of the language, but instead the structure of other languages. I would like to suggest that is not true. In fact, I would like to suggest that the complete reverse is true.

Make no mistake, there is always a danger of a scholar (generally unintentionally) making the language they’re studying look more like or less like other languages. But this is a danger that is completely separate from typological research. In fact, I would suggest that the danger being realized is more likely when someone is exposed to one or two languages rather than when one is exposed to many languages. For the English speaker who is studying Ancient Greek grammar, that person is going to either be inclined to make Greek more like English or less like English either consciously or unconsciously. Its going to happen. If anything, being familiar with what a broader set of  languages do is only going to function as a safe guard against these two inclinations rather than making it more likely.

It wasn’t typological study that led A. T. Robertson in Grammar of the Greek New Testament in Light of the Historical Research to put forward an eight case system for Koine Greek. No, it was instead the study of a single language: Sanskrit.

It wasn’t typological study of language that led the grammarians of the centuries before Moulton, Blass, & Robertson and the 19th century comparative grammarians to provide a primarily tense-based description of the Greek verbal system. No, rather it was those grammarian’s knowledge of their native tongues and the language of the academy that caused it: Latin, English, German.

If anything, typological/cross-linguistic research saved Greek grammar from a primarily tense based system. It was the comparative grammar on aspect in the 19th and 20th centuries that led to the aspect-prominence descriptions of Greek we have today. In fact, nearly all of the scholars writing grammatical research over the past couple decades, some of whom have explicitly spoken against typology, thoroughly rely on the typological literature for their descriptions of aspect in their respective published research. Indeed, there is little contemporary work on Koine Greek grammar today that would have been possible at all if it hadn’t been for typological research.

Some of this mistrust, might possibly arises from particular theoretical backgrounds: Systemic Functional Grammar. This framework in which he grounds all of his research does virtually nothing with language typology. Christopher S. Bulter (2003, 63), a former SFG practitioner who abandoned the framework because of its failure to respond productively to criticisms of its flaws writes,

Typological concerns have not played a major part in the development of SFG.  For many years, almost all of the central figures in SFG worked on English, though it should be remembered that Halliday’s initial work (1956, 1959) was on Chinese. Three of the most authoritative accounts of SFG (Halliday 1994b; Matthiessen 1995; Martin 1992a) are based very largely on English, though occasional comments on other languages. As we shall see at various points in the present book, these facts have had important effects on the form of ‘mainstream’ systemic linguistics, despite the fact that Halliday himself has warned of the need for care to be taken in this area:

Modern linguistics, with its universalist ideology, has been distressingly ethnocentric, making all other languages look like imperfect copies of English.
(Halliday 1994b: xxxi)

There has been more work on languages other than English in recent years, though we shall see that the stance taken on typological matters is very different from that of FG [Functional Grammar] or RRG [Role & Reference Grammar] (47-48).

It should be said, in all fairness to SFL, this statement was written in 2003. The situation has certainly improved since then, though there’s still much to do for SFL to catch up with the work of other typologically grounded linguistic frameworks.

It should also be emphasized that typological research goes in both directions, too. Typologists beg for high quality descriptive grammars. Thus, Kemmer (1993) writes in her preface,

“[L]anguage particular studies are an indispensible supplement to the kind of broad cross-linguistic investigation undertaken here. First, they provide an empirical basis for testing some of the cross-linguistic generalizations proposed; but more importantly, they are essential for arriving at an understanding of the ways that particular middle voice systems interact with other semantic/grammatical systems such as aspect”.

If the typological literature is unreliable, it is because we have failed to provide quality descriptions for its use.

So what is the point of typological study? What is its strength; its benefit? Bhat (1999, 98-100)alt gives a helpful discussion here.

We may compare the distinction between typological studies of the above type [large scale, broad coverage studies] and in-depth studies of individual languages with the distinction between areal or satellite pictures of a countryside and an architect’s drawing of a town or a dam. A satellite picture would only show patches of colour and vague lines and curves that an expert can interpret as indicating the location of a possible earthquake or deposits of mineral wealth, whereas an architect’s drawings would show locations of various buildings, parks, canals, etc. in very precise terms.

It would be a mistake, however, to discard the former merely on the basis of the fact that they are not as precise and specific as the latter. The two complement one another, with the satellite pictures giving a warning to the builder of dams so that they can avoid certain cites [sic] as possible disaster areas.  Typological studies and in-depth studies of language can also complement one another in a similar fashion.  The general tendencies that one can perceive through a comparison of hundreds of different languages can be helpful in avoiding certain conclusions and in raising certain questions that might not have been raised otherwise while carrying out in-depth studies of individual languages.

The relevance of this typological classification for our understanding of the nature of different languages can be perceived even in the very process of carrying out this study. Notice that much of the grammatical information that we will be using as the basis of this study has been elicited and described with the help of one single language, namely English. Since this language is a tense-prominent language, and since, as I have suggested earlier, tense-prominent languages view concepts belonging to other verbal categories in terms of the category of tense, much of our data on aspect and mood would be biased by a temporal point of view. It is something like trying to understand the colour of various objects around us while looking at them through a red-coloured glass.

There are several instances in which a language that was described by a series of grammarians as showing a primary tense distinction, like past, present, and future, has been shown to be actually making a primary aspect or mood distinction. … What is interesting to note, in these, cases, is that the majority of such reinterpretations, as earlier tense-based description had to be rewritten as aspect-based or mood-based description. That is, the need to change an earlier description has occurred in almost all cases as a need to remove the bias that has resulted from our use of a tense-prominent language as the language of elicitation and description.

Nobody is claiming that typological study is perfect. In fact, I would go as far to say that there is a need for training students how to properly use and evaluate typological & cross-linguistic research. But it is valuable and important for both the avoidance of native language bias and for giving an accurate picture of what is possible in human language. It cannot be easily ignored or dismissed.

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Filed under: Grammar, Greek, Language, Linguistics, Typology

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Schriften von Bernard Andreae Online

Schriften von Bernard Andreae
Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
1Motivgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zu den römischen Schlachtsarkophagen Andreae, Bernard 1956
2Zum Relief Ruesch Andreae, Bernard 1956
3Ein Amazonengemälde Andreae, Bernard 1956
4Gefässkörper und Malerei bei der Giganten-Amphora aus Melos im Louvre Andreae, Bernard 1958
5Statuette einer Tänzerin aus Fianello Sabino Andreae, Bernard 1962
6Herakles und Alkyoneus Andreae, Bernard 1962
7Der Zyklus der Odysseefresken im Vatikan Andreae, Bernard 1962
8„Igni et aqua accipi". Zur Aldobrandinischen Hochzeit Andreae, Bernard 1962
9Studien zur römischen Grabkunst Andreae, Bernard 1963
10Zur Komposition des großen Ludovisischen Schlachtsarkophages Andreae, Bernard 1968
11Processus Consularis. Zur Deutung des Sarkophags von Acilia Andreae, Bernard 1969
12Rekonstruktion des großen Oecus der Villa des P. Fannius Synistor in Boscoreale Andreae, Bernard 1975
13Schmuck eines Wasserbeckens in Sperlonga. Zum Typus des sitzenden Knäbleins aus dem Schiffsfund von Mahdia Andreae, Bernard 1976
14Strukturäquivalenzen zwischen den homerischen Epen und der frühgriechischen Vasenkunst Andreae, Bernard ; Flashar, Hellmut 1977
15Drei neue Vasen in den Kunstsammlungen der Ruhr-Universität und die homerischen Epen Andreae, Bernard 1978
16Zum Dekorationssystem der geometrischen Amphora 804 im Nationalmuseum von Athen Andreae, Bernard 1979
17Lorenzo Lotto in Ponteranica und l'lnfinito von Giacomo Leopardi Andreae, Bernard 1979
18Alexander Severus. Bronzeporträt Andreae, Bernard 1979
19Die antiken Sarkophagreliefs (1,2): Die Sarkophage mit Darstellungen aus dem Menschenleben: Die römischen Jagdsarkophage Andreae, Bernard 1980
20Antisthenes Philososphos Phyromachos epoiei Andreae, Bernard 1980
21Odysseus: Archäologie des europäischen Menschenbildes Andreae, Bernard 1982
22Die Symbolik der Löwenjagd: [d. Vortrag wurde am 23. Mai 1984 in Düsseldorf gehalten] Andreae, Bernard 1985
23Laokoon und Lykophron. Zur Bedeutung der Laokoon-Gruppe in hellenistischer Zeit Andreae, Bernard 1986
24Plinius und der Laokoon Andreae, Bernard 1987
25Michelangelo und die Laokoon-Gruppe Andreae, Bernard 1988
27Laokoon und die Kunst von Pergamon: die Hybris der Giganten Andreae, Bernard 1991
28Die römischen Kopien in Marmor nach griechischen Meisterwerken in Bronze als Ausdruck der römischen Kultur Andreae, Bernard 1992
29Laurea Coronatur. Der Lorbeerkranz des Asklepios und die Attaliden von Pergamon Andreae, Bernard 1993
30Kurze Geschichte des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts in Rom. Dargestellt im Wirken seiner leitenden Gelehrten Andreae, Bernard 1993
31Zur Einheitlichkeit der Statuenausstattung im Nymphäum des Kaisers Claudius bei Baiae Andreae, Bernard 1994
32Proportion. Vortrag aus Anlaß der Aufstellung des Löwenjagdsarkophages aus der Sammlung Peter und Irene Ludwig im Antikenmuseum Basel Andreae, Bernard 1995
33Aeneas oder Julus in Sperlonga und auf dem Großen Kameo von Frankreich? Andreae, Bernard 1995
34"Am Birnbaum": Gärten und Parks im antiken Rom, in den Vesuvstädten und in Ostia Andreae, Bernard 1996
35Schönheit des Realismus: Auftraggeber, Schöpfer, Betrachter hellenistischer Plastik Andreae, Bernard 1998
37Ist die Hypothese vom Polyphem-Giebel in Ephesos bereits falsifiziert? Andreae, Bernard 1999
38Erden, Erze, Steine im Vergleich bei Plinius, Naturalis Historia 36, 37 Andreae, Bernard 2001
39Die neronischen Wandmalereien in der Villa der Poppaea von Oplontis Andreae, Bernard 2002
40Seleukos Nikator als Pezhétairos im Alexandermosaik Andreae, Bernard 2004
41Die Tomba Francois. Anspruch und historische Wirklichkeit eines etruskischen Familiengrabes Andreae, Bernard 2004
42Die Bildnisse des Gaius Cilnius Maecenas in Arezzo und an der Ära Pacis Andreae, Bernard 2005
43Die Aphrodite von Melos Andreae, Bernard 2005
44„Einer neuen Wahrheit ist nichts schädlicher als ein alter Irrtum." Noch einmal zum Praetorium Speluncae Andreae, Bernard 2008
45Wolfgang Heibig: Zweiter Sekretär des Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica und dessen Nachfolgeinstitution des Archäologischen Instituts des deutschen Reiches 1865-1887 Andreae, Bernard 2011

May 29, 2017

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Schriften von Karl Jansen-Winkeln Online

Schriften von Karl Jansen-Winkeln
Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
1'zHaw' "Schreiber" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1986
2Drei Gebete aus der 22. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1987
3Thronname und Begräbnis Takeloths I. Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1987
4Zum militärischen Befehlsbereich der Hohenpriester des Amun Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1987
5Bemerkungen zur Stele des Merer in Krakau Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1988
6Weiteres zum Grab Osorkons II. Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1988
7Die Inschriften der Schreiberstatue des Nespaqaschuti Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1989
8Zu einigen „Trinksprüchen" auf ägyptischen Gefäßen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1989
9Zwei Bemerkungen zu Gebel es-Silsila Nr. 100 Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1989
10Zur Schiffsliste aus Elephantine Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1989
11Die Stele London BM 1224 Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1990
12Vermerke. Zum Verständnis kurzer und formelhafter Inschriften auf ägyptischen Denkmälern Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1990
13Zu den biographischen Texten der 3. Zwischenzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1990
14Das Attentat auf Amenemhet I. und die erste ägyptische Koregentschaft Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1991
15Zur Schreibung des Pseudopartizips in den Pyramidentexten Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1991
16Die Priesterschaft als Neunheit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1991
17Der Ausdruck we za we Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1991
18Ein Siegelabdruck mit Motto Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1991
19Das "zeugende Herz" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1992
20Ein Würfelhocker des Amunpropheten Djedbastetiufanch (Kairo JE 37597) Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1992
21Zu einigen religiösen und historischen Inschriften Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1992
22Das Ende des Neuen Reiches Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1992
23Nisbeadjektiv und Partizip Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
24Ein politisches Orakel Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
25Zwei Jenseitsklagen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
26Das ägyptische Pseudopartizip Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
27Die ägyptische "Königsnovelle" als Texttyp Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
28The career of the Egyptian high priest Bakenkhons Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1993
29Das futurische Verbaladjektiv im Spätmittelägyptischen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
30Zu den Trauerriten bei der Apisbestattung Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
31Ein Anruf an den Sarg Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
32Der Beginn der libyschen Herrschaft in Ägypten Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
33Exozentrische Komposita als Relativphrasen im älteren Ägyptisch. Zum Verständnis der Konstruktion nfr hr "mit schönem Gesicht" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
34Der Schreiber Butehamun Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1994
35Neue biographische Texte der 22/23. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
36Historische Probleme der 3. Zwischenzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
37Diglossie und Zweisprachigkeit im Alten Ägypten Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
38Bezeichnung und Funktion einer Situla Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
39Finalsatz und Subjunktiv Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
40Die Plünderung der Königsgräber des Neuen Reiches Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1995
41Zur Bedeutung von jmach Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
42"Horizont" und "Verklärtheit": Zur Bedeutung der Wurzel Ax Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
43Amenirdis und Harwa Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
44Zitierform und Kontextform Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
45Zu den Denkmälern des Erziehers Psametiks II. Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
46Das Klagelied des Hirten (Berlin 19400) Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1996
47Eine Grabübernahme in der 30. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
48Eine Stele mit "kryptographischem" Bildfeld Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
49Die Statue des Generals Petemiysis in Leiden Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
50Zu den Koregenzen der 12. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
51Eine Schreiberstatue der frühen 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
52Ein Kaufmann aus Naukratis Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
53Intensivformen und ‘verbale Pluralität’ im Ägyptischen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
54Der Majordomus des Amun Anchefenmut Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
55Hervorgehobenes Objekt und königliche Widmungsformel Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
56Die Hildesheimer Stele der Chereduanch Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
57Die thebanischen Gründer der 21. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1997
58Zur Datierung und Stellung des ‘Vorlesepriesters’ Petamenophis Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
59Zur Charakterisierung der Nachbarvölker der Ägypter im "Pfortenbuch" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
60Noch einmal zur „Pelikanszene" im Sonnenheiligtum des Niuserre Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
61Drei Denkmäler mit archaisierender Orthographie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
62Beiträge zu den Privatinschriften der Spätzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
63Die Inschrift der Porträtstatue des Hor Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1998
64Dating the beginning of the 22nd dynasty Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1999
65Die Wahl des Königs durch Orakel in der 20. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1999
66Ein Amunpriester in Memphis Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1999
67Gab es in der altägyptischen Geschichte eine feudalistische Epoche? Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 1999
68Zur Geschichte der "Cachette" von Deir el-Bahari Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2000
69Zum Verständnis der „Saitischen Formel" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2000
70Anmerkungen zu 'Pharaos Tochter' Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2000
71Bemerkungen zum "Genetiv" im Ägyptischen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2000
72Die Fremdherrschaften in Ägypten im 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2000
73Eine Familie im Totenkult Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2001
74Die Biographie eines Priesters aus Heliopolis Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2001
75Der thebanische 'Gottesstaat' Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2001
76Bild und Charakter der ägyptischen 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2001
77Der Schlußsatz der Biographie des Chnumhotep in Beni Hassan Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2001
78Die Quellen zur Eroberung Ägyptens durch Kambyses Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2002
79Die Schischak-Schoschenk-Gleichung Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
80Ägyptische Genealogien der Dritten Zwischenzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
81Ägyptische Geschichte im Zeitalter der Wanderungen von Seevölkern und Libyern Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2002
82Zur Bedeutung von ḥzj und mrj Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2002
83Zur Bildung der Personalpronomina im Ägyptischen und Semitischen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2002
84Bemerkungen zu drei thebanischen Statuen der Spätzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
85Marginalien zum ‘Verbalsatz’ im älteren Ägyptisch Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
86Zu einer Genealogie aus der frühen 22. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
87Alara und Taharka: zur Geschichte des nubischen Königshauses Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2003
88Zu drei Statuen der 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2002
89Zu einigen Inschriften der Dritten Zwischenzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
90Zwei Statuen der Spätzeit aus der Cachette von Karnak Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
91Bemerkungen zu den Frauenbiographien der Spätzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
92Zu einer Sekundärbestattung der 21. Dynastie in Kom Ombo Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
93Sprachliche Bemerkungen zu den „Unterweltsbüchern" Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
94Lebenslehre und Biographie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2004
95Die Entwicklung der genealogischen Informationen nach dem Neuen Reich Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2005
96‘Asyndetische’ Relativsätze im Ägyptischen und Arabischen Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2005
97Der Prinz und Hohepriester Schoschenk (D) Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2005
98Vier Denkmäler einer thebanischen Offiziersfamilie der 22. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2005
99Ein Priester als Restaurator Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2005
100Relative chronology of Dyn. 21 Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
101The chronology of the third intermediate period: Dyns. 22-24 Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
102Die Libyer in Herakleopolis magna Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
103Zu zwei Personen der frühen Dritten Zwischenzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
104Thebanische Statuen der 25. und 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
105Drei Statueninschriften einer Familie aus frühptolemäischer Zeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2007
106Eine ‘neue’ ramessidische Biographie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2007
107The relevance of genealogical information for Egyptian chronology Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2006
108Zu den biographischen Inschriften der 25. und 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2008
109Zur historischen Authentizität ägyptischer und biblischer Quellen: Der Palästinafeldzug Schoschenks I. Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2008
110Drei Statuen der 22./23. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2008
111Die Rolle des Unbekannten in der ägyptischen Geschichte Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2009
112Der Untergang des Alten Reiches Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2010
113Die Stiftung von Privatstatuen mit Königsnamen in der 26. Dynastie Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2011
114Sprachgeschichte und Textdatierung Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2011
115Der Charakter als Erbschaft: Die Inschriften der Kniefigur des Gemnefhorbak Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2011
116Libyer und Ägypter in der Libyerzeit Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2012
117Die Biographie eines Kinderlosen (Kairo JE 44065) Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2012
118Zu Sprache und Datierung des Amduat Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2012
119Eine Bau- und Bittinschrift am Tempel von Luxor Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2013

ArcheoNet BE

Instuif voor metaaldetectoristen op 10 juni in Lommel

In Museum De Kolonie in Lommel loopt momenteel de tentoonstelling ‘Verborgen Verleden. Middeleeuwse metaaldetectievondsten.’ i.s.m. Archebo bvba uit Kortenaken. In het kader van die tentoonstelling organiseert het museum op zaterdag 10 juni een instuif voor metaaldetectoristen. Ontmoet andere detectoristen in het museum bij een drankje en bezoek gratis de tentoonstelling met een vergrootglas in de ene hand en de uitgebreide catalogus in de andere.

Isabelle Jansen (Centrale Archeologische Inventaris van het Agentschap Onroerend Erfgoed) en Pieterjan Deckers (VUB; MEDEA) zullen tijdens de instuif aanwezig zijn om toelichting te geven bij het hoe en waarom van de vondstmeldingen en de databanken. Ze vertellen hun verhaal een eerste maal om 14 u. en ze herhalen alles nog eens om 15 u. Ze beantwoorden graag jullie vragen. Of ze helpen jullie met praktische problemen bij de meldingen en de invoer in de databank. Als je eigen laptop meebrengt, kunnen praktische problemen meteen worden opgelost.

Neem alvast een kijkje op de databank MEDEA op

Praktisch: de instuif vindt plaats op zaterdag 10 juni van 13u30 tot 16u in Museum De Kolonie (Kolonie 77, 3920 Lommel). Deelname is gratis (incl. bezoek aan museum en tentoonstelling. Om praktische redenen wel even aanmelden door uiterlijk op 4 juni een mail te sturen aan

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Cahiers des études anciennes

 [First posted in AWOL 12 April 2010. Updated 29 May 2017]

Cahiers des études anciennes
ISSN electronic edition: 1923-2713
ISSN print edition: 0317-5065
1re de couverture du numéro XLVIII

Fondés en 1972 et dirigés jusqu’en 2004 par le professeur Pierre Senay de l’Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, les Cahiers des études anciennes sont la seule publication francophone du domaine en Amérique du Nord. Ils sont maintenant publiés conjointement par le Département d’études anciennes et de sciences des religions de l’Université d’Ottawa et l’Institut d’études anciennes de l’Université Laval.

Les Cahiers publient chaque année un numéro thématique placé sous les auspices d’un éditeur ad hoc, spécialiste reconnu du domaine abordé. L’éditeur s’entoure de plusieurs savants dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire : les sujets peuvent être abordés sous l’angle littéraire, historique, philologique, archéologique, philosophique, religieux, mythologique, artistique, etc. et couvrir l’ensemble de la période antique, des origines à l’Antiquité tardive. L’éditeur fait parfois appel à des écrivains, philosophes, intellectuels contemporains pour élargir le champ de la réflexion.

Cahiers d’études anciennes est une revue en libre accès. Quatre numéros sont d’ores et déjà consultables en texte intégral...

    ArcheoNet BE

    Een paleis voor de doden. Over hunebedden, dolmens en menhirs

    Onlangs publiceerde Herman Clerinx zijn nieuwe boek ‘Een paleis voor de doden. Over hunebedden, dolmens en menhirs’. In het boek beschrijft Clerinx de beschavingen die zo’n vijfduizend jaar geleden hunebedden en dolmens bouwden en menhirs rechtop zetten. Ze plaatsten die monumenten niet zozeer om hun doden te eren, maar vooral om hun eigen leefwereld te verbeteren.

    Voor dit boek reisde Clerinx onder andere naar Drenthe, de Belgische Ardennen, Duitsland, Zweden, Ierland, Spanje, Bretagne en natuurlijk Engeland en Schotland. Hij vertelt wat er aan megalithische monumenten te zien is, en voor de Benelux geeft hij zelfs exact aan waar welk monument te vinden is.

    Onder het motto ‘nadenken is niet verboden’ gaat Clerinx verder na wat de bedoeling en het nut van al die monumenten was. Daartoe combineert hij de archeologische gegevens met inzichten uit de antropologie, zonder de wetenschap ooit geweld aan te doen. Clerinx legt zelfs uit hoe Stonehenge aan de basis lag van een officieel erkende godsdienst: de religie van de moderne druïden.

    ‘Een paleis voor de doden. Over hunebedden, dolmens en menhirs’ verscheen bij Uitgeverij Athenaeum. Het boek telt 320 pagina’s en kost 24,99 euro.

    José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

    Sexo, vino y diaulós

    Hablando con una amiga también profesora de Griego, también filóloga clásica, convinimos en que no era lo mismo Grecia que Roma. A ambos nos cautivó la cultura de la Grecia Antigua: su historia casi libertina, su literatura, muchísimo más variada… Así que me bastó decirle: «Roma… ¡Bah, demasiado estado!», y me entendió a la primera. Sólo me faltaba dar con el eslógan: ἔρως τε οἶνός τε καὶ διαυλός.


    ArcheoNet BE

    Parklaan met 32 platanen in Gent voorlopig beschermd

    Vlaams minister Geert Bourgeois heeft de Parklaan in Gent, samen met haar prachtige platanen, voorlopig beschermd als stadsgezicht en als monument. De Parklaan, gesitueerd in de stationsbuurt van Gent-Sint-Pieters, is aangelegd in 1889 en behoudt tot vandaag haar oorspronkelijke aanleg. Ook de originele aanplanting van 32 gekandelaarde platanen bleef nagenoeg volledig intact.

    De Parklaan getuigt van een in 1860 ingezette stadsuitbreiding, een sociaal-demografische verschuiving die Gent kenmerkte op het einde van de 19de eeuw. Het Gentse stadsbestuur legde strenge bouwvoorschriften op, om zo een elitair doelpubliek te bereiken voor deze wijk. Vanaf 1892 werd met de Parklaan een brede en rechtstreekse verbinding gecreëerd tussen het (intussen verdwenen) reizigersstation aan het Parkplein en het prestigieuze stadspark, wat deze straat tot een van de meest riante boulevards van Gent maakte. Het eigenaarsprofiel bestond uit de 19de-eeuwse stedelijke elite van de gegoede burgerij, grootindustriëlen, zakenlui en beoefenaars van de vrije beroepen die werden aangetrokken door deze nieuwe boulevards buiten het overbevolkte stadscentrum.

    In de Parklaan vind je alle gangbare architectuurstijlen terug die de belle époque typeren, gaande van neoclassicisme en neo-Vlaamserenaissance-stijl over eclectisch geïnspireerde bouwstijlen en art nouveau. Net dat geheel van kwalitatieve architectuur van verschillende stijlen en periodes maakt deze laan zo bijzonder. Zowat alle voorname architecten die tijdens het fin du siècle in Gent actief waren zijn vertegenwoordigd met voor hen typerende bouwwerken. De veelvuldig toegepaste geglazuurde baksteen, het sierlijk smeedwerk, de tegeltableaus en de graffito panelen zijn uitermate herkenbaar voor deze stijlperiode en tonen een bijzonder vakmanschap.

    De 32 platanen in de Parklaan vormen een uitgesproken beeldbepalend geheel. De twee rijen gekandelaarde platanen behoren tot de dikste en oudste platanen van het Gentse. Al vanaf de late 18de eeuw begon men platanen in steden aan te planten omwille van hun sierwaarde en stressbestendigheid. De bomenrijen accentueren de samenhang met de landschappelijke structuur van het Citadelpark en vormen een historische en visuele eenheid met de historische bebouwing in de Parklaan. De platanen worden gekandelaard of op een bijzondere manier gesnoeid opdat ze voor de veiligheid van de mensen en de gebouwen nooit groter worden.

    Scott Moore (Ancient History Ramblings)

    Back in Larnaca

    parthenonSo, I spent a few days in Athens to attend a Levantine Ceramics Project Workshop on Cypriot ceramics. This was a very rewarding trip since I got to see people I usually only see in Cyprus, as well as meet some people who I have never met in person. Plus I was able to take Saturday afternoon and do a little sight-seeing. I had the chance to visit some sites that I had not been to in quite a few years – such as the Acropolis. Not surprisingly, it rained every day I was there. As I found out later, it was sunny in Cyprus while I was in Athens, so the rain must be following me. On the bright side (get it?), despite leaving Athens during a thunderstorm, it was sunny when I landed in Larnaca – no more rain yet.

    I flew back to Larnaca Sunday afternoon. The goal for the week is to make sure that all of the important artifacts that are going into the catalogue for PKAP II are properly described and illustrated. Everyone is leaving Thursday, except for me who is leaving in the early hours of Friday morning, so we basically have three full work days, and maybe a half of a work day on Thursday if we need it. The hope is that we avoid the usual frantic reshelving of our material that typically occurs at the very last moment because we are trying to finish something up. Things look pretty good so far, but it is only Monday, so we will see.


    brokenIn other news, a few things have happened. There was some excitement at the hotel last night, the hotel elevator got stuck with some people on it and the fire department had to come to rescue them. Rumor is that there were too many people on the elevator at the same time and overloaded it. As a result, the elevator was out of commission for about a day until the repair people showed up.

    Larnaca continues to get busier and louder each night as we approach the Kataklsmos festival. There are more and more tents springing up each day and the waterfront is nearly covered with tents on both sides. It should be in full swing by the weekend. While the noise makes it harder to sleep each night, it is a nice after dinner thing to do – stroll down the closed off street watching people and the games going on.

    vinegarAs for potato chip research. First ,I tried Lays Maxx Deep Ridged Salt & Vinegar Flavour chips. I like salt and vinegar flavored chips so I expected that I was going to like them, but the question was whether the deep ridges would somehow add to the mix. The result, I liked them since they tasted like other salt and vinegar chips. The ridges, well….I could not tell if they added anything or not – so most likely not. I gave them a – ******* (7) – the same I gave the other salt and vinegar chips I tried.

    hamSince I have fallen behind in my research, nothing new there, I also tried Frit Ravich Onduladas Jamon Chips (Ham Flavoured). Being from the south, I like pork products – ham, bacon, barbecue (the pulled pork version), ribs, etc., so I was expecting to like these. However…..they did taste faintly like ham, which is good, but were very salty and had a slightly strange twang to them. Bill described the taste as a nitrite taste- which is a very scientific appraisal of them. So, they get a – ** (2). I am disappointed, I had high hopes for them.

    mediterraneoBelieve it or not, I also have a third chip to evaluate. I also tried Frit Ravich Mediterraneo Chips. The cover shows a tomato, some cloves of garlic, a red onion, and some parsley (flat leaf variety). The taste was…..different. I could taste the garlic, but it was not overpowering, so that was good. There was also a parsley taste, but it tasted the way a jar of flash dried parsley smells, if that makes sense. The chips were also a little stale, or at least not crisp. The aftertaste was also not great. So, I give them a – **(2). I seem to be grading all the chips this year fairly harshly and so I have to question of my taste buds are changing, or I am becoming a cranky old man, or if the flavors I am trying are becoming so exotic that they will be hard for me to like. I will have to consider the question of research bias.


    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Conversations with David Pettegrew

    A week worth of conversations with David Pettegrew is pretty challenging and invigorating stuff. 

    Part of the great value of doing field work is the conversations during downtimes. David and I have been immersed in working on the Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology for the last two years, but we’ve been chatting about other projects – including our next book project, An Introduction to Early Christian Archaeology.

    This summer we chatted about a potential collaboration between his brilliant Digital Harrisburg project and maybe a new tourist guide and The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota. This led to a productive conversation about the potential of digital and public humanities. I suggested that the limited time that faculty have to dedicate to public humanities projects may well parallel the limited time that consumers of public humanities projects have to engage them. (In my experience, faculty are not particularly voracious consumers of public humanities projects.) 

    We also discussed the strange tension between public humanities as opportunities for student learning, but also as having to compete with myriad distractions of modern life from video games and movies to work, sports, kids, and other media. A significant challenge for the historian or public humanist, who often works constantly between an academic and public audience, is finding ways to present what we know and do in a way that competes with professionally generated media. We’re underfunded amateurs who are often expected to bring students into projects that are intended to compete for attention with highly paid professionals capable of slick production, with access to marketing teams, skilled programers and developers, and massive media markets. 

    At the same time, we celebrated the potential of “punk projects” with low costs, modest goals, and do-it-yourself practices. As we contemplate the demise of the National Endowment for the Humanities we began to imagine a world where competition for grants could give way to greater impulse for collaboration and the often large, lavish (but not always even in humanities terms) grants and projects funded by the NEH would be replaced by denser networks of collaboration among humanists. To be clear, I don’t think that more organic and DIY practices could replace the sustained and systematic investment and leadership of the NEH, but I do wonder whether there are positive, alternative ways to think about how the humanities works.

    Invariably, David and I also talked about intensive pedestrian survey archaeology. We reflected a bit on the rise and decline of methodology as a central feature of the discourse of intensive pedestrian survey in the Mediterranean. I offered the observation that with the growing acceptance of intensive survey among Mediterranean archaeologist has blunted the apologetic tone so prevalent in survey literature in the immediate aftermath of the Second Wave survey projects. It’s hard to know for certain if this lull is real or just the maturation of the conversation which results in fewer blockbuster methods articles and more incremental change. At the same time, it is clear that the way that we talk about intensive survey practice and methods has become more confident and perhaps less critical and reflexive.

    Finally, we’ve talked about our work at Pyla-Koutsopetria. We have a small, but tightly controlled body of data from three(plus) seasons of excavation and five worth of study that now almost ready for publication. The most interesting conversation focused on our careful and exhaustive (and exhausting) analysis of the plow zone assemblage from the site of Pyla-Vigla. This assemblage could be compared profitably to the assemblage produced during intensive pedestrian survey to offer a small, but well-controlled case study for the relationship between the surface, plow zone, and subsurface remains.

    We usually circle back to our work at the Eastern Korinthia Archaeological Survey and various ways to prepare a “final publication” that at least leads researchers to our data (when it’s fully published) if not to a particular set of conclusions or interpretations. 

    Most conversations with David conclude with the refrain that we have too many projects and too many top priorities, but I think we both agree that this is better than being bored!

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Cross of 12th century Byzantine chapel stolen in southern Turkey

    The cross of a 12th century Byzantine chapel, located outside the ancient city of Myra in the...

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Accessibilità, proprietà e disseminazione dei dati archeologici

    La Giornata di studi organizzata dal CNR - ISMA (Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico) e ITABC (Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali) in collaborazione con la CIA (Confederazione Italiana Archeologi) si è proposta di affrontare il tema del “dato archeologico” in alcune sue specifiche accezioni, che ancora risultano poco definite nella loro complessità, ma che appaiono particolarmente attuali e sentite nel mondo della ricerca e dell’attività professionale.

    BiblePlaces Blog

    Weekend Roundup, Part 3

    A 3,700-year-old Egyptian burial chamber containing the remains of a ‘Pharaoh’s daughter’ was found south of Cairo at Dahshur's royal necropolis.

    Archaeologists have discovered “a cachette of non-royal mummies of men, women and children buried in catacombs eight metres below ground level in the desert neighbouring the bird and animal necropolis at the Tuna Al-Gabal archaeological site” in Egypt.

    Two Egyptian men illegally digging for antiquities were killed when their house collapsed. And the Egyptian government has increased the penalty for antiquities theft for a maximum of a life sentence.

    An international team of experts met in Cairo to determine how best to transport King Tut’s artifacts to the new museum.

    Egypt has begun to register its Jewish sites and antiquities.

    An exhibit of recently discovered artifacts is now on display at the Luxor Museum.

    Turkey is planning to restore and open the stadium of Perga.

    Carl Rasmussen recently visited a new archaeology display in a station for the metro tunnel that connects Europe and Asia.

    The city of Rome has begun restoration works on the Mausoleum of Augustus with the plan to open it to tourists by 2019.

    John DeLancey shares a new video of a recent performance of “Jerusalem of Gold” by the Portney Brothers and he explains the song’s significance.

    The diet of Jerusalemites in the first century AD was primarily sheep and goats, followed at a distance by cows and chickens.

    “Methuselah,” the date palm tree sprouted from a 2,000-year-old seed, is now 12 years old.

    I’m traveling much of the month of June and will post as I am able. Roundups will probably resume in July.

    HT: Joseph Lauer, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, Agade, Explorator, Paleojudaica

    Martin Rundkvist (Aardvarchaeology)

    LinCon & SweCon 2017

    Ascension with its four days off is shaping up to be the geekiest time of the year. This time I had three big events to choose from: the LinCon gaming convention, the Kontur/SweCon scifi convention and the 45th anniversary of the Tolkien Society. Tolkienians do things in nines.

    I decided to spend two days at LinCon on the Linköping University campus and one day at Kontur/SweCon in an Uppsala hotel, saving the Sunday for family pastimes.

    Here are the games I played at LinCon. And I had lots of free Nepalese tea from the tea bar!

    • Through the Ages II (2015). This update of a 2006 civilisation builder is currently rated second-best game on the planet on Boardgame Geek. I enjoyed playing it though I found it too fiddly and counter-intuitive. Also it took six hours for three players including rules run-down and a lunch break. So it’s not for me.
    • Biblios (2007). This is a short and sweet abstract game with cards, colours and numbers. The theme, about Medieval monks copying books, is thinly but prettily painted onto the mechanics.
    • Innovation (2010). Another civilisation builder, though short and abstract. I taught this favourite of mine to noobs and got beaten twice even though I’ve played the game nearly 40 times.
    • Lovecraftesque RPG (2015). In this interesting short-session role-playing game, the group improvises a horror story in the tradition from H.P. Lovecraft using cards. Participants serve as game master, protagonist and assistant game master(s). After each scene, these functions shift one step clockwise around the table, so that last scene’s protagonist becomes the game master, (one of) the assistant game master(s) becomes the protagonist, etc. We got a really good creepy story together about inheriting a closed-down Civil War veteran’s hospital that has more recently served as a mental asylum. Check it out! The PDF is only £10. Also check out the games designed by Simon Pettersson with whom I played!
    • Star Realms (2014). Space battle deck-building game. Fun!
    • Forbidden Island (2010). Beautifully illustrated re-make of the Pandemic co-op game aimed at kids.

    At the convention auction I sold Glass Road, Great Dalmuti, Province, Race For The Galaxy, Space Cadets Dice Duel, Spank The Monkey and Yahtzee. Instead I bought Sid Meier’s Civilization and The Castles Of Mad King Ludwig.

    At Kontur/SweCon I chatted with loads of acquaintances, old and new. I also heard interesting interviews with Guests of Honour Kameron Hurley, Ann Leckie and Siri Pettersson. Saladin Ahmed couldn’t come as planned but had sent clips of himself answering questions from con goers, which were interesting to listen to. Good academic talks too: Josefine Wälivaara about the relative absence of queer themes in scifi movies and television, and Jesper Stage about the economics of colonialism in scifi. And I bought a Lois McMaster Bujold paperback from the Alvar Appeltofft Foundation’s huge travelling used-books store.

    My next con will be nothing less than the Scifi WorldCon 75 in August, in Helsinki! I learned from its organisers in Uppsala that I’m very likely to be giving a talk about Scandinavian pseudo-archaeology at the WorldCon, and I’ll probably also be on some panels. Everyone around the Baltic, you need to go to Helsinki! Not because of me, but because this is an extremely rare event for geeks in the region, pretty much like the Geek Olympics coming to your home town.

    2017 was my fifth LinCon and the second one without my kids — see 2016.

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    NEH Fellow’s work on antiquities as state gifts has far-reaching implications

    Nassos Papalexandrou received a NEH fellowship from the School to spend a year researching “Greek Antiquities as Diplomatic Gifts in Greek-U.S. Relationships after WWII.”

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    How We Know The Earth Is Not Flat

    This was an argument that I had not heard before. Any suggestions on how to weave it together with the Egyptian theology that viewed cats as divine?

    Jim Davila (

    Landfill archaeology in Jerusalem

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    Professor Charlotte Hempel

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    The rediscovery of Hebrew Ben Sira

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Lautenschlaeger Awards 2017 at Heidelberg

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Amorous angels and veiled women

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    David Gill (Looting Matters)

    Attic lekythos returned to Italy

    The New York County District Attorney's Office has announced that it has seized a number of antiquities from two separate premises and that the items will be returning to Italy "8th century B.C.E. bronze statues among collection of ancient artifacts being repatriated to Italian Republic by Manhattan District Attorney's Office", May 25, 2017, press release]. Six of the items were seized in April from "a gallery in Midtown Manhattan".

    The release adds:
    This month, the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office also seized an additional item pursuant to a search warrant from a different gallery in Midtown Manhattan. The recently recovered artifact is also being returned to the Italian Republic as part of the repatriation ceremony.
    The gallery is not named but is reported to be the same one linked to a returned Attic amphora and a sarcophagus fragment.

    This lekythos appears to be the one attributed to the Group of Palermo 16 that had once formed part of an old English collection, and then passed into the Kluge collection (itself a collection not without interest to readers of LM). It had passed through a New York gallery that has returned other items to the Italian authorities. The lekythos appears to have first surfaced on the London market.

    Bookmark and Share so Your Real Friends Know that You Know

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Corsi di formazione in restauro e conservaizone

    L’Associazione Rinnova organizza attraverso la propria rete di professionisti corsi di formazione nel mondo della conservazione e del restauro. Disponibile il calendario dei corsi di formazione e aggiornamento 2017.

    Turkish Archaeological News


    For many people, the slogan "a holiday in Turkey" means only one thing - beach holidays in Alanya. It is true that Turkey is a vast and diverse country, the shores of its four seas are dotted with many holiday resorts, but this association is the most appropriate. Each year millions of tourists arrive at Alanya and the quality of sand on the famous Cleopatra beach, as well as selection of the best hotel in the area and the season's trendiest nightclub, are the subjects of many heated discussions and controversies.


    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Master in Economia e Management dell'Arte e dei Beni Culturali

    Obiettivo del master è formare professionisti in grado di inserirsi nelle maggiori aziende ed istituzioni dell'arte e dei beni culturali in Italia e all'estero, nonché nelle società di consulenza specializzate nella realizzazione di progetti artistici e culturali.

    Minimaster in Allestimento ed Esposizione Museale

    Corso sulla Museologia e sulla Museografia, sull’organizzazione e allestimento di mostre d’arte di varia tipologia, con nozioni pratiche sulla didattica museale, comunicazione museale, museotecnica e illuminotecnica. Lezioni in vista presso musei fiorentini con docenti esperti del settore.

    Master di II livello in Management dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali

    MaBAC è promosso dall’Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, tramite la Challenge School, Scuola dedicata all’offerta Master, e dall’ESCP Europe Paris. L’obiettivo è quello di formare un esperto in management dei processi artistici e culturali.

    May 28, 2017

    José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

    1177 a.C. El año en que la civilización (no) se derrumbó

    Eric H. Cline es un arqueólogo, profesor universitario y escritor de divulgación norteamericano de mucho mérito. Es especialista en relaciones internacionales durante el Bronce Tardío, y por eso borda este libro que ha titulado 1177 a.C. El año en que la civilización se derrumbó, en referencia al año en que Ramsés III derrotó a los llamados Pueblos del Mar. Además de estudiar arqueología, siguió cursos de escritura, y se nota porque escribe muy bien: planifica, crea intriga, hace avanzar la acción como lo haría un novelista, redacta adecuadamente… y es consciente de lo importante que es empezar atrapando al lector con un buen título, aunque sea tan falso, tan filisteo, como este lo es.

    Compitum - publications

    J. C. Iglesias-Zoido et V. Pineda (éd.), Anthologies of historiographical Speeches from the ...


    Juan Carlos Iglesias-Zoido et Victoria Pineda (éd.), Anthologies of historiographical Speeches from the Antiquity to the Early Modern Times, Leyde-Boston, 2017.

    Éditeur : Brill
    Collection : International Studies in the History of the Rhetoric, nº 7
    590 pages
    ISBN : 978-90-04-32179-3
    143 Euros

    Anthologies of speeches excerpted from history books constitute a relatively little-known rhetorical and bibliographic genre. From ancient times to the present day, the practice of culling characters' orations from one or more works and publishing them independently of their original source has produced new and different ways of reading and using history. Anthologies of Historiographical Speeches offers an introduction to the very diverse questions that arise from the study of the genre through a variety of approaches and methodological tools. Lying at the point where rhetoric and historiography intersect, the essays included in this volume focus on the rhetorical aspects of the collections, as well as on their production, transmission, and reception from antiquity to the early modern period.

    Lire la suite...

    Mary Beard (A Don's Life)


    The end of last week, I went back to my ‘roots’ and made a trip (driven by the son, for which — many thanks) to Shropshire. First stop on Thursday night was Cleobury Mortimer, where I spoke about Romans in Britain in the local church (a familiar place from way back as my Dad used to be the architect, by which I don’t mean he designed it, but ‘looked after it’). We had great fun, or at least I did (there’s something always a bit exciting looking down a nave). And I think we made quite a bit of cash on ticket sales for the local ‘St Mary’s Youth Project‘.

    Then it was overnighting in Much Wenlock, in the now agreeably poshed-up pub which had been one of my father’s drinking holes, the Raven. It was, I have to say, almost unrecognisable,apart I think for the car park, where I spent many a lonely hour waiting in the car with a coke and crisps, while he propped up the bar (the kind of child-minding which we took for granted then, but I strongly suspect doesn’t happen much any longer, without a knock on the door from Social Services).

    I was born in Wenlock Hospital and lived there between the ages of about 5 and 12, in other words through much of the 60s — but to be honest I didn’t get much of a chance to become reacquainted with the town, apart from a quick drive round in the morning. Most of it seemed, like the Raven, to have moved a bit up-market, or at least residential. The bakery we had got the bread from is now a rather smart house, and the Police Station is now called the ‘Old Police Station’ and is a similarly desirable residence. The one big exception to this is my own old house (it’s what I am walking past in the picture at the top of this post). I hope I am not doing an injustice to the current residents of ‘Rose Cottage’ (it wasn’t called that when we lived in it: just plain ’25 Shineton St’), but it actually all looked quite a lot more run down than I remember it.

    The reason we didn’t linger in Wenlock, was that we were making for Church Preen School, where my Mum had been head and where I had attended as an infant.

    It wasn’t like this when I was there. In fact, my Mum presided over the move in the early 1960s from the ‘old school’ (a stunning bit of Norman Shaw architecture) plus an overspill for the juniors in the Village Hall, to the new purpose built building you see in the picture. (We had actually originally lived in the School House until we moved to Wenlock, and it was really nice of the current owners to let me come and explore my old bedroom, still perfectly recognisable: it’s the first floor bedroom with the multi-lit window).

    In short, I had a welcome to die for. The head, Dave Tinker, had got out some special memorabilia — like the old school register of pupils with ‘my’ entry in it, and those of many of my old friends.

    And there was also one of my mother’s old log books, recording the rhythms of schools past (the visit of the School Nurse to ‘inspect heads’, the outbreak of impetigo, the arrival of the piano tuner, and misdeeds of the boys from Wenlock Secondary Modern, using their water pistols in the playground while they waited for the School bus). Overall, it was striking just from the rather clipped entries, just how much the 11 plus dominated (the exams, the successes, the failures… ).

    Anyway, after this nostalgia fest, I talked to one of the classes for an hour or so. It was partly about life, and how things have changed (or not), about university, about making tv programmes, but also about the Romans as they had been working this term on Pompeii. They read me some great poems they had written on the destruction of the Roman town, and we talked about all kinds of puzzles and questions. One question was about how many people had died there (they had noticed that different books gave different numbers) and this got onto how you might work out how many people had lived there in the first place.

    It struck me as we got into this discussion that, even though these kids were only juniors, we were talking about the same basic issues as I talk about with my undergraduates! Smart pupils and well taught I concluded. My Mum would have been proud of them.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Schriften von Joachim Friedrich Quack Online

    Schriften von Joachim Friedrich Quack
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Die Datierung der Siegelabdrücke von Tel En Besor Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1989
    2Eine Erwähnung des Reiches von Aleppo in den Ächtungstexten? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1992
    3Ein demotischer Ausdruck in aramäischer Transkription Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1992
    4Ein neuer ägyptischer Weisheitstext Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1993
    5Eine ägyptische Parallele zu KAI 214,32f.? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1993
    6Gefangene oder Edelfrau? Zu einem semitischen Fremdwort der ägyptischen Soldatencharakteristik Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1994
    7Dekane und Gliedervergottung. Altägyptische Traditionen im Apokryphon Johannis Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1995
    8Ägyptisch So.t „Kleie“ und ein angeblich semitischer Personenname Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1996
    9kftAw und iAcy Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1996
    10Die Klage über die Zerstörung Ägyptens. Versuch einer Neudeutung der "Admonitions" im Vergleich zu den altorientalischen Städteklagen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1997
    11Kontinuität und Wandel in der spätägyptischen Magie Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1998
    12Frühe ägyptische Vorläufer der Paranatellonta? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 1999
    13Das Buch vom Tempel und verwandte Texte. Ein Vorbericht Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2000
    14Die rituelle Erneuerung der Osirisfigurinen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2000
    15Zum ersten astrologischen Lapidar im Steinbuch des Damigeron und Evax Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2001
    16Zwischen Sonne und Mond – Zeitrechnung im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    17A Goddess Rising 10.000 Cubits into the Air ... Or Only One Cubit, One Finger? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    18"Da wurden diese zwei großen Länder zu einem Land". Die Beziehungen zwischen Hattusa und Ägypten im Lichte ihrer diplomatischen Korrespondenz Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    19Die Dienstanweisung des Oberlehrers aus dem Buch vom Tempel Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    20Königsweihe, Priesterweihe, Isisweihe Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    21Die Spur des Magiers Petese Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    22Beiträge zum Peripherdemotischen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2002
    23Le manuel du temple. Une nouvelle source sur la vie des prêtres égyptiens Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    24Methoden und Möglichkeiten der Erforschung der Medizin im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    25Die spätägyptische Alphabetreihenfolge und das ‘südsemitische’ Alphabet Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    26Zum ägyptischen Ritual im Iseum Campense in Rom Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    27Das nackte Mädchen im Griff halten. Zur Deutung der ägyptischen Karyatidenspiegel Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    28Zum Charakter der "zweiradikaligen" Verben des Ägyptischen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2003
    29Mykene und die Laryngaltheorie Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    30Griechische und andere Dämonen in den spätdemotischen magischen Texten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    31Der pränatale Geschlechtsverkehr von Isis und Osiris sowie eine Notiz zum Alter des Osiris Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    32Beiträge zur koptischen Etymologie Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    33Perspektiven zur Theologie im Alten Ägypten: Antwort an Jan Assmann Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    34Organiser le culte idéal. Le Manuel du temple Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2004
    35Die Überlieferungsstruktur des Buches vom Tempel Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    36Ein Prätext und seine Realisierungen. Facetten des ägyptischen Mundöffnungsrituals Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    37Medien der Alltagskultur in Ägypten und ihre Auswirkungen auf Palästina Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    38Gibt es eine ägyptische Homer-Rezeption? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    39Zu den vorarabischen semitischen Lehnwörtern im Koptischen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    40Ein neuer Zugang zur Lehre des Ptahhotep? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    41Ein Unterweltsbuch der solar-osirianischen Einheit? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2005
    42Apopis, Nabelschnur des Re Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    43Die Rolle der Hieroglyphen in der Theorie vom griechischen Vokalalphabet Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    44Inaros, Held von Athribis Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    45En route vers le copte. Notes sur l’évolution du démotique tardif Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    46Opfermahl und Feindvernichtung im Altägyptischen Ritual Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    47Das Deir el-Medine-Ostrakon der Lehre für Merikare Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    48The so-called Pantheos. On polymorphic deities in late-egyptian religion Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2006
    49Tier des Sonnengottes und Schlangenbekämpfer. Zur Theologie der Katze im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2007
    50Gebrochene Plurale im Ägyptischen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2007
    51Das Problem der Haw-nb.wt Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2007
    52Ein ägyptischer Dialog über die Schreibkunst und das arkane Wissen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2007
    53Kritische Bemerkungen zur Bearbeitung von ägyptischen Hymnen nach dem Neuen Reich Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2007
    54Spuren ägyptischer Opfertheologie bei Jamblich? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2008
    55Grab und Grabausstattung im späten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2009
    55Lokalressourcen oder Zentraltheologie? Zur Relevanz und Situierung geographisch strukturierter Mythologie im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2008
    56Göttliche Gerechtigkeit und Recht am Beispiel des spätzeitlichen Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2008
    57Innovations in ancient garb? Hieroglyphic texts from the time of Ptolemy Philadelphus Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2008
    59Redaktion und Kodifizierung im spätzeitlichen Ägypten. Der Fall des Totenbuches Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2009
    60Miniaturisierung als Schlüssel zum Verständnis römerzeitlicher ägyptischer Rituale? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2009
    61Der Schlußparagraph des Buches vom Atmen, das Isis machte Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2009
    62Menetekel an der Wand? Zur Deutung der „Demotischen Chronik" Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2009
    63Sehnsucht nach der Heimat und Lob des Erbauers. Ägyptische Städtepreisungen in ramessidischen Papyri und Ostraka Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    64How unapproachable is a Pharaoh? Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    65Postulated and real efficacy in late antique divination rituals Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    66Political rituals. Sense and nonsense of a term and its application to Ancient Egypt Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    67Zwischen Landesverteidigung und Liebeswunsch Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    68Aus zwei spätzeitlichen Traumbüchern (Pap. Berlin P. 29009 und 23058) Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    68, 67Demotische Texte zur Heilkunde Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    69The interaction of Egyptian and Aramaic literature Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2011
    69Präzision in der Prognose oder: Divination als Wissenschaft Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    71From ritual to magic: Ancient Egyptian precursors of the charitesion and their social setting Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2011
    72Old wine in new wineskins? How to write Classical Egyptian rituals in more modern writing systems Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2012
    73Pharao und Hofstaat, Palast und Tempel: Entscheidungsfindung, Öffentlichkeit und Entscheidungsveröffentlichung im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2012
    74Reiche, Dynastien … und auch Chroniken? Zum Bewußtsein der eigenen Vergangenheit im Alten Ägypten Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2012
    75Reinigen durch Anschwärzen? Zum Motiv des Antagonistischen in ägyptischen Reinigungsritualen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2012
    76Conceptions of purity in Egyptian religion Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2013
    77Zauber ohne Grenzen. Zur Transkulturalität der spätantiken Magie Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2013
    78Lobpreis der Gottheit und Hoffnung auf Beistand im spätramessidischen Ägypten. Eine Neubearbeitung der sogenannten »Gebete eines ungerecht Verfolgten« Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2013
    79Zeit, Krise und Bewältigung: Ägyptische Zeiteinheiten, ihre Schutzgötter und deren bildliche Umsetzung Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2013
    81Sarapis: ein Gott zwischen griechischer und ägyptischer Religion. Bemerkungen aus der Sicht eines Ägyptologen Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2013

    Schriften von Reinhard Stupperich Online

    Schriften von Reinhard Stupperich
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Keine Fälschung - kein Meisterwerk Stupperich, Reinhard 1977
    2Staatsgrabfragment in Oxford Stupperich, Reinhard 1978
    3Eine 'Gefäßgruppenstele' aus dem Kerameikos Stupperich, Reinhard 1978
    4Weißgrundige Lekythen in Münster Stupperich, Reinhard 1979
    5Eulen der Athena in einer Münsterschen Privatsammlung Stupperich, Reinhard 1980
    6Die griechischen Vasen in der Sammlung Dr. C. Henke Stupperich, Reinhard 1980
    7A Reconsideration of some Fourth-Century British Mosaics Stupperich, Reinhard 1980
    8Ein griechisches Goldblech in Gevelsberg Stupperich, Reinhard 1981
    9Antiker Marmorkopf in Privatbesitz Stupperich, Reinhard 1981
    10Griechische Vasen und römische Lampen in Münsterschem Privatbesitz Stupperich, Reinhard 1981
    11Die frühchristliche Rundpyxis in Werden Stupperich, Reinhard 1982
    12Eine kleine Sammlung provinzialrömischer Keramik im Museum Haus Martfeld in Schwelm Stupperich, Reinhard 1982
    13Das Statuenprogramm in den Zeuxippos-Thermen. Überlegungen zur Beschreibung durch Christodoros von Koptos Stupperich, Reinhard 1982
    14Zur dextrarum iunctio auf frühen römischen Grabreliefs Stupperich, Reinhard 1983
    15Zu einer Kindergrabstele aus Kyzikos Stupperich, Reinhard 1983
    16Un portrait féminin idéalisé d'époque romaine au Musée de Mariemont Stupperich, Reinhard 1983
    17Antike Motive auf niederländischen Fliesen in Ostfriesland Stupperich, Reinhard 1984
    18De amor met het masker Stupperich, Reinhard 1984
    19Achill in Faenza Stupperich, Reinhard 1984
    20Antiken der Sammlung W.W. III: Steinplastik Stupperich, Reinhard 1984
    21Beiträge zu sieben Vasen Stupperich, Reinhard 1984
    22Carl Humann Stupperich, Reinhard 1985
    23Das Dioskuren-Relief in Dortmund Stupperich, Reinhard 1985
    24Zur Bulla auf römischen Grabreliefs Stupperich, Reinhard 1985
    25Der Löwen-Tischfuß im Codex des Johannes Löwenklau Stupperich, Reinhard 1986
    26Antiken der Sammlung W.W. VII: Gemmen Stupperich, Reinhard 1986
    27Edendorf und Estorff. Zu einer Gruppe von Bronzestatuetten im Landesmuseum Hannover Stupperich, Reinhard 1987
    28Der Merkur von der Asbacher Hütte Stupperich, Reinhard 1987
    29Fundstücke aus Carnuntum im Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte der Stadt Dortmund Stupperich, Reinhard 1987
    30Ein Goldarmband mit dreizehn römischen Gemmen in Münster Stupperich, Reinhard 1988
    31Zu zwei Neufunden spätklassischer Reliefs aus Südrußland Stupperich, Reinhard 1988
    32Arthur Milchhoefer (1852-1903) Stupperich, Reinhard 1988
    33Erwerb der Antiken-Sammlung Peek für das Archäologische Museum der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Stupperich, Reinhard 1988
    34Zum letzten Bildnistypus Drusus des Jüngeren Stupperich, Reinhard 1989
    35Antiken der Sammlung W.W. XI: Römische Bronzen Stupperich, Reinhard 1989
    36Gedanken zu Obelisk und Pulvinar in Darstellungen des Circus Maximus in Rom Stupperich, Reinhard 1989
    37Die Grabung in Assos im Sommer 1989 Stupperich, Reinhard 1989
    38Zu den Stylopinakia am Tempel der Apollonis in Kyzikos Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    39Eine Bronzestatuette aus Miletupolis. Zu archaisierenden Kleinbronzen der Kaiserzeit Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    40Vorbericht über die Grabung in der Westtor-Nekropole von Assos im Sommer 1989 Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    41Neugefundene Bruchstücke von Marmorplastik in Assos Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    42Kurzer Vorbericht über die Grabungen in der Westtor-Nekropole von Assos im Sommer 1989 und 1990 Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    43Ein Aureus des Augustus aus Haltern Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    44Figürliche römische Bronzen im Lippischen Landesmuseum Detmold Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    45Die antiken figürlichen Bronzen im Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte der Stadt Dortmund Stupperich, Reinhard 1990
    46Frühkaiserzeitliche figürliche Bronzen im nordwestlichen Germanien. Ein Überblick Stupperich, Reinhard 1991
    47Eine Architekturbeschreibung Gregors von Nyssa. Zur Diskussion um die Rekonstruktion des Martyrions von Nyssa im 25. Brief Stupperich, Reinhard 1991
    48Das Grabmal eines Konsularen in Attaleia Stupperich, Reinhard 1991
    49Zweiter Vorbericht über die Grabung in der Westtor-Nekropole von Assos im Sommer 1990 Stupperich, Reinhard 1992
    50Bildkombination und Ableserichtung auf klassischen Bildfriesschalen. Ein Beitrag zum Problem des Verhältnisses von Gefäß und Bemalung Stupperich, Reinhard 1992
    51Der Hildesheimer Silberschatz. Römisches Tafelgeschirr der augusteischen Zeit Stupperich, Reinhard 1993
    52Belgische oder britische Werkstatt-Tradition? Eine Gruppe emaillierter Bronzegefäße im römischen Nordwesten Stupperich, Reinhard 1993
    53Qualitätsmangel oder Stilbruch. Zu Stileigentümlichkeiten provinzieller Bronzen Stupperich, Reinhard 1993
    54Dritter Vorbericht über die Grabung in der Westtor-Nekropole von Assos im Sommer 1991 Stupperich, Reinhard 1993
    55Zur Problematik der lykurgischen Baupolitik im alexanderzeitlichen Athen Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    56Fragmentanpassungen bei attischen Grabreliefs Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    57Ein Prachtkamm aus dem Kerameikos Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    58Fragment eines palmyrenischen Votivreliefs im Archäologischen Seminar der Universität Mannheim Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    59Zur Beschreibung einer galatischen Villa im 20. Brief Gregors von Nyssa Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    60The Iconography of Athenian State Burials in the Classical Period Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    61Milchhoefer, Arthur Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    62Beobachtungen zu Gräbern und Grabsitten in der Nekropole von Assos Stupperich, Reinhard 1994
    63Die zwölf Caesaren Suetons. Zur Verwendung von Kaiserporträt-Galerien in der Neuzeit Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    64Überlegungen zum Fußmaß mykenischer Bauten Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    65Bemerkungen zum römischen Import im sogenannten Freien Germanien Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    66Ein archaisches Kriegerrelief aus Gargara Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    67Ein antiker Hauch in der wilhelminischen Maienblüte Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    68Die Göldenitz-Gruppe. Figürlich verzierte Metallarbeiten des 3. Jhs. n. Chr. mit Weißmetallauflage Stupperich, Reinhard 1995
    69Römische Toreutik und augusteische Feldzüge in Germanien: Der Fall Hildesheim Stupperich, Reinhard 1995

    Schriften von Angelos Chaniotis Online

    Schriften von Angelos Chaniotis
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Eine neue lateinische Ehreninschrift aus Knosos Chaniotis, Angelos 1985
    2Kleine Beiträge zu kretischen Inschriften Chaniotis, Angelos 1986
    3Enteleia: Zu Inhalt und Begriff eines Vorrechtes Chaniotis, Angelos 1986
    4Eine neue Ehreninschrift für Sabina aus Lyttos Chaniotis, Angelos 1986
    5Das Ehrendekret für Diophantos (IOSPE I2 352) und die Geschichtsschreibung Chaniotis, Angelos 1987
    6Plutarchos, praeses Insularum (Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire I Plutarchus 4) Chaniotis, Angelos 1987
    7Ein neuer genealogischer Text aus Milet Chaniotis, Angelos 1987
    8Klassiki kai ellenistiki Kriti Chaniotis, Angelos 1987
    9Als die Diplomaten noch tanzten und sangen. Zu zwei Dekreten kretischer Städte in Mylasa Chaniotis, Angelos 1988
    10Zu den Inschriften von Amnisos Chaniotis, Angelos 1988
    11Vinum Creticum excellens: Zum Weinhandel Kretas Chaniotis, Angelos 1988
    12Habgierige Götter - habgierige Städte. Heiligtumsbesitz und Gebietsanspruch in den kretischen Staatsverträgen Chaniotis, Angelos 1988
    13Μίνωτκα Ευρηματα απο τον Αγίο Μυρωνα σε ενα Τουρκίκο εγραφο Chaniotis, Angelos 1988
    14Eine spätantike Inschrift aus dem kretischen Lyttos Chaniotis, Angelos 1989
    15Some More Cretan Names Chaniotis, Angelos 1989
    16Neue Fragmente des Preisedikts von Diokletian und weitere lateinische Inschriften aus Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 1990
    17Drei kleinasiatische Inschriften zur griechischen Religion Chaniotis, Angelos 1990
    18Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion 1987 Chaniotis, Angelos 1991
    19Μία Αγηωστη πηγη γία τη Λατρία στο Ιδαίο αντρο στην Υστατη Αρχαίοτητα Chaniotis, Angelos 1990
    20Zur Frage der Spezialisierung im griechischen Theater des Hellenismus und der Kaiserzeit Chaniotis, Angelos 1990
    21Gedenktage der Griechen: Ihre Bedeutung für das Geschichtsbewußtsein griechischer Poleis Chaniotis, Angelos 1991
    22Vier kretische Staatsverträge. Verträge zwischen Aptera und Kydonia, einer ostkretischen Stadt und Melos, Olus und Lyttos, Chersonesos und Rhodos Chaniotis, Angelos 1991
    23Neue lateinische Inschriften aus Knosos Chaniotis, Angelos 1991
    24Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion 1987-1988 Chaniotis, Angelos 1992
    25Amnisos in den schriftlichen Quellen: Die Testimonien. Die Geschichte von Amnisos von Homer bis zur Eroberung Kretas durch die Türken. Amnisos von den Dunklen Jahrhunderten bis zum Ende der Kaiserzeit. Amnisos als ein Problem der historischen Geographie Chaniotis, Angelos 1992
    26Neue Inschriften aus dem kaiserzeitlichen Lyttos, Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 1992
    27Watching a Lawsuit: A New Curse Tablet from Southern Russia Chaniotis, Angelos 1992
    28Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion 1987-1989 Chaniotis, Angelos 1993
    29Ein diplomatischer Statthalter nimmt Rücksicht auf den verletzten Stolz zweier hellenistischer Kleinpoleis (Nagidos und Arsinoe) Chaniotis, Angelos 1993
    30Die sylan-Klausel im Vertrag zwischen Lyttos und Malla (Staatsverträge III 511) Chaniotis, Angelos 1994
    31Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion 1990 Chaniotis, Angelos 1994
    32Oi Archanes sta istorika chronia, 1000 p.Ch.-100 m.Ch. Chaniotis, Angelos 1994
    33Von Hirten, Kräutersammlern, Epheben und Pilgern: Leben auf den Bergen im antiken Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 1991
    34Illness and Cures in the Greek Propitiatory Inscriptions and Dedications of Lydia and Phrygia Chaniotis, Angelos 1995
    35Problems of 'Pastoralism' and 'Transhumance' in Classical and Hellenistic Crete Chaniotis, Angelos 1995
    36Sich selbst feiern? Städtische Feste des Hellenismus im Spannungsfeld von Religion und Politik Chaniotis, Angelos 1995
    37Kretische Inschriften Chaniotis, Angelos 1995
    38Die kretischen Berge als Wirtschaftsraum Chaniotis, Angelos 1996
    39Hamarties, arosties kai gaitries ste Mikra Asia stous protous metachristianikous aiones Chaniotis, Angelos 1996
    40Conflicting Authorities: Greek Asylia between Secular and Divine Law in the Classical and Hellenistic Poleis Chaniotis, Angelos 1996
    41Bemerkungen zum Kalender kretischer Städte in hellenistischer Zeit Chaniotis, Angelos 1996
    42Reinheit des Körpers - Reinheit des Sinnes in den griechischen Kultgesetzen Chaniotis, Angelos 1997
    43'Tempeljustiz' im kaiserzeitlichen Kleinasien: Rechtliche Aspekte der Sühneinschriften Lydiens und Phrygiens Chaniotis, Angelos 1997
    44Theatricality Beyond the Theater. Staging Public Life in the Hellenistic World Chaniotis, Angelos 1997
    45New Inscriptions from Old Books. Inscriptions of Aigion, Delphi and Lesbos copied by Nicholas Biddle and Stavros Táxis Chaniotis, Angelos 1997
    46Willkommene Erdbeben Chaniotis, Angelos 1998
    47Το χρονικο της Ανακαλυψηξ μίας Ελληνίστίκης Πολης στην καρια 8Bucakköy; Συνετα) Chaniotis, Angelos 1998
    48Sources épigraphiques / Epigraphical Sources, 1986-1997 Chaniotis, Angelos 1998
    49Inscriptions from Bucak Köyü (Ancient Syneta?) Chaniotis, Angelos 1998
    50Empfängerformular und Urkundenfälschung: Bemerkungen zum Urkundendossier von Magnesia am Mäander Chaniotis, Angelos 1999
    51The Epigraphy of Hellenistic Crete. The Cretan Koinon: New and Old Evidence Chaniotis, Angelos 1999
    52Milking the Mountains: Economic Activities on the Cretan Uplands in the Classical and Hellenistic Period Chaniotis, Angelos 1999
    53Hellenistic Lasaia (Crete): A Dependent Polis of Gortyn. New Epigraphic Evidence from the Asklepieion near Lasaia Chaniotis, Angelos 2000
    54Ονειροκρίτες Αρεταλογοί και προσκυνητες: Θρησκευτικες Δραστηρίοτητες Κρητων στην Ελληνιστικη Αίγυπτο Chaniotis, Angelos 2000
    55Das Jenseits: Eine Gegenwelt? Chaniotis, Angelos 2000
    56Heiligtum und Stadtgemeinde im klassischen und hellenistischen Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 2001
    57Ein alexandrinischer Dichter und Kreta: Mythische Vergangenheit und gegenwärtige Kultpraxis bei Kallimachos Chaniotis, Angelos 2001
    58An epitaph from Nipiditos in Crete Chaniotis, Angelos 2001
    59Old wine in a new skin: tradition and innovation in the cult foundation of Alexander of Abonouteichos Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    60The Jews of Aphrodisias: new evidence and old problems Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    61Ritual dynamics: the Boiotian festival of the Daidala Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    62Foreign soldiers - native girls? Constructing and crossing boundaries in Hellenistic cities with foreign garrisons Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    63Zwischen Konfrontation und Interaktion: Christen, Juden und Heiden im spätantiken Aphrodisias Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    64Some Cretan bastards Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    65Bemerkungen zu christlichen Inschriften aus Kreta und Kleinasien Chaniotis, Angelos 2002
    67Der Kaiserkult im Osten des Römischen Reiches im Kontext der zeitgenössischen Ritualpraxis Chaniotis, Angelos 2003
    68Livia Sebaste, Iulia Sebaste, Caius Caesar Parthikos, Domitian Anikeitos Theos: Inofficial titles of emperors in the early Principate Chaniotis, Angelos 2003
    69The divinity of Hellenistic rulers Chaniotis, Angelos 2003
    70Vom Erlebnis zum Mythos: Identitätskonstruktionen im kaiserzeitlichen Aphrodisias Chaniotis, Angelos 2003
    71The perception of imperial power in Aphrodisias: The epigraphic evidence Chaniotis, Angelos 2003
    72Under the watchful eyes of the gods: divine justice in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    73Justifying territorial claims in Classical and Hellenistic Greece. The beginnings of international law Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    74Der Tod des Lebens und die Tränen des Peneios: Eine thessalische Grabelegie Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    75New inscriptions from Aphrodisias (1995-2001) Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    76Epigraphic evidence for the philosopher Alexander of Aphrodisias Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    77Das Bankett des Damas und der Hymnos des Sosandros: Öffentlicher Diskurs über Rituale in den griechischen Städten der Kaiserzeit Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    79Von Ehre, Schande und kleinen Verbrechen unter Nachbarn: Konfliktbewältigung und Götterjustiz in Gemeinden des antiken Anatolien Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    81Nachwort Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    86Mobility of persons during the Hellenistic wars: state control and personal relations Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    87From communal spirit to individuality: the epigraphic habit in Hellenistic and Roman Crete Chaniotis, Angelos 2004
    88Ritual dynamics in the Eastern Mediterranean: case studies in ancient Greece and Asia Minor Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    89Griechische Rituale der Statusänderung und ihre Dynamik Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    90Akzeptanz von Herrschaft durch ritualisierte Dankbarkeit und Erinnerung Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    91Ein mißverstandenes Ritual der griechischen Diplomatie: Geschichte als Argument Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    92Macht und Volk in den kaiserzeitlichen Inschriften von Aphrodisias Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    93Inscribed instrumenta domestica and the economy of Hellenistic and Roman Crete Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    94Victory' verdict: the violent occupation of territory in Hellenistic interstate relations Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    95The great inscription, its political and social institutions, and the common institutions of the Cretans Chaniotis, Angelos 2005
    96Die Altertumswissenschaften an der Universität Heidelberg 1933-1945 Chaniotis, Angelos ; Thaler, Ulrich 2006
    97Familiensache: Demonstration von Zusammengehörigkeit im altgriechischen Grabritual Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    98Heiligtümer überregionaler Bedeutung auf Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    99Rituals between norms and emotions: rituals as shared experience and memory Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    101A dodecahedron of rock crystal from the Idaean cave and evidence for divination in the sacred cave of Zeus Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    102Προσδιορισμοὶ ταυτότητας στὴν ἑλληνιστικὴ Κρήτη Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    103Die hellenistischen Kriege als Ursache von Migration: Das Beispiel Kreta Chaniotis, Angelos 2006
    104Thynnara: Ein neuer karischer Ortsname Chaniotis, Angelos 2007
    105Theatre rituals Chaniotis, Angelos 2007
    106Die Sprache der religiösen Kommunikation im römischen Osten: Konvergenz und Differenzierung Chaniotis, Angelos ; Chiai, Gian Franco 2007
    107Religion und Mythos in der hellenistischen Welt Chaniotis, Angelos 2007
    109Die Entwicklung der griechischen Asylie: Ritualdynamik und die Grenzen des Rechtsvergleichs Chaniotis, Angelos 2007

    Byzantine News

    New Book: Cambridge Intellectual History of Byzantium

    From the editors:
    This volume brings into being the field of Byzantine intellectual history. Shifting focus from the cultural, social, and economic study of Byzantium to the life and evolution of ideas in their context, it provides an authoritative history of intellectual endeavors from Late Antiquity to the fifteenth century. At its heart lie the transmission, transformation, and shifts of Hellenic, Christian, and Byzantine ideas and concepts as exemplified in diverse aspects of intellectual life, from philosophy, theology, and rhetoric to astrology, astronomy, and politics. Case studies introduce the major players in Byzantine intellectual life, and particular emphasis is placed on the reception of ancient thought and its significance for secular as well as religious modes of thinking and acting. New insights are offered regarding controversial, understudied, or promising topics of research, such as philosophy and medical thought in Byzantium, and intellectual exchanges with the Arab world.

    Contents are here

    BiblePlaces Blog

    Weekend Roundup, Part 2

    A new study suggests that the Philistines brought their pigs with them when they sailed to the coast of Israel.

    The second issue of the Tel Aviv University Archaeology Newsletter has reports on projects at Masada, Kiriath Jearim, Timna Valley, City of David, and more.

    David Hendin reports on the most significant numismatic discoveries in Israel in recent years.

    Wayne Stiles looks at lessons to be learned from sieges in the Bible.

    Charlie Trimm explains how soldiers relieved themselves while in battle.

    Lexham Geographic Commentary: The Gospels is now available as a standalone purchase in Logos. The Acts through Revelation volume is in pre-order status.

    A new database identifies 20,000 archaeological sites at severe risk of destruction.

    Access the Collections is a new feature of the Oriental Institute website to encourage visitors to explore their photographic and document archives.

    Recently released:

    Hazor VII: The 1990–2012 Excavations: The Bronze Age, edited by Amnon Ben-Tor et al.

    Socoh of the Judean Shephelah: The 2010 Survey, by Michael G. Hasel, Yosef Garfinkel, and Shifra Weiss (Eisenbrauns)

    Khirbet Qeiyafa in the Shephelah, edited by Silvia Schroer and Stefan Münger (Academic Press Fribourg)

    The Twice-Told Tale: Parallels in the Bible, collated by Abba Bendavid (Carta)

    • A collation of parallel Bible texts showing the duplications, differences, and silences

    We’ll have more stories in part 3 of the roundup tomorrow.

    HT: Joseph Lauer, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, Agade

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Greek police arrest two, Recover illegally excavated statue,

    Greek authorities have announced the arrest of two men, aged 36 and 63 in possession of an illegally excavated ancient marble statue of a young man made around 550 B.C. (Ap, 'Greek police recover illegally excavated statue, arrest two' AP 26th May 2017).  It is reported that they had been attempting to sell it for 200,000 euros. The object was in a badly battered condition and had recently been broken into four segments about 50cm long. Most of the face had been shattered and the lower legs were missing below the knees.
    It was unclear where and in what circumstances the work was excavated. Police said they recovered it Wednesday from under the front passenger seat of a car the two suspects were driving near the town of Corinth in the southern Peloponnese region.

     The reason why the car was stopped was not reported. 

    'Deflecting the Attention of Prying Eyes' During Cross-Border Antiquities Movements

    An artefact collector in the UK gives advice to his readers:
    Do you remember that Dupondius of Domitian that I wrote about some months ago? Well, it’s currently winging its way across ‘The Pond’ as a gift to a treasure hunting friend in Florida. If you ever send coins like this by post, anywhere and especially overseas, it helps to mark the envelope….’Numismatic Specimen’ rather than ‘roman coin’ thus helping to deflect the attention of prying eyes.
    ...and in some cases alert authorities to the attempted export of an item which requires an export licence to be legally exported. No mention is made here (in the interests of demonstrating 'best practice') of proof of the existence of an export licence being included in or accompanying this particular shipment. We trust that the recipient 'treasure hunting friend in Florida' would not wish to be the recipient - still less owner - of an illegally exported archaeological artefact from England. Should the export licence not arrive with this 'numismatic specimen', we trust that - as any truly law abiding citizen would do - the unwitting recipient of any illegally-exported artefact would turn the item in to ICE and inform them of the identity of the exporter. Will they?

    Marking packages containing dugup artefacts with a non-transparent vague description is believed to be common practice among artefact dealers to avoid the legality of transfer of ownership being challenged by the authorities of both exporting as well as importing countries (there is a lot of this about). Gentle reader, remember if you care about losses to the world's cultural heritage through illegal activity and come across information about something like this, you do not have to stand by helplessly like a British archaeologist 'partnering' artefact hunting:
    The public, government and private institutions often aid HSI in identifying, investigating and prosecuting illicitly trafficked cultural property. If you have information about the illicit trade of cultural property or art, call the HSI Tip Line, 1-866-DHS-2-ICE or report tips online.
    This is perhaps the coin type that was exported, a VIRTVTI AVGVSTI dupondius:

    Timeline Auctions via Wildwinds (for illustration purposes only)
    This embodies the virtue of the ruler, it is a shame that certain activities of many UK metal detectorists seem not really to reflect any virtues at all.

    Jim Davila (

    Sela, Abraham Ibn Ezra’s Introductions to Astrology

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    Septuagint studies prize 2017

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    Verhoogt, Discarded, Discovered, Collected

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    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Uncomfortable with Contradiction

    The article from which the quote is taken is worth reading in its entirety. Here is another excerpt: Some people are confused about how certainty and uncertainty can both co-exist at the same time in science, while too many opportunists (creationists and climate change deniers for instance) are ready to pounce on shreds of uncertain knowledge [Read More...]

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Supplying the British and German Antiquities Market

    Bulgarian officials have broken up an organized criminal group spanning Europe involved in moving antiquities undetected from the source country to foreign markets (AFP 'Bulgaria recovers over 5,000 antiquities in joint anti-smuggling op with Turkey and France', Daily Sabah, May 26th 2017).
    There were arrests in France and Turkey as well as in Bulgaria and that some of the detained gang members were from France and elsewhere. The artefacts came mainly from sites in Bulgaria and Turkey and were smuggled out to be sold in Western Europe, mostly in France, Germany and Britain.

    by moving them across the borders by various means, the gang was 'laundering' the actual origins and nature of the material - whereby it could then be bought and sold on western European markets with they-can't-touch-you-for-it impunity.

    Jim Davila (

    Blenkinsopp, Essays on Judaism in the Pre-Hellenistic Period

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    Hellenistic Babylonia

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    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Collection-driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record Now Occurring on a Massive Scale

    The archaeological record is being exploited on an ever-increasing scale to feed the demands of artefact collectors and the no-questions-asked antiquities trade:
    Conflict situations and natural disasters increase the risk of theft and trafficking dramatically. Many instances of plunder, theft and trafficking of cultural objects go unseen or unsolved. Help stop illicit trafficking of cultural property by spreading the video.
    But it is not under conflict or disaster situations, or even in the poorest countries, that this is happening on a massive scale. A search for 'British Antiquities' on this morning reveals 3,151 results for British antiquities being sold by UK dealers (many of them in multiple lots), the vast majority of them are likely to have been metal detected objects taken from the archaeological record. Yet a search for 'Portable Antiquities Scheme" in the same section gives only 56 hitsSo it looks like that today3050 lots of portable antiquities are being flogged off (many abroad no doubt) by their finders and middlemen dealers without them being recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme. Just so there is clarity on the scale of irresponsibility that these figures would reveal (and let us note that this is for just one day of the 365 this year!), the following bar chart might be helpful, The column on the left is the number of objects being flogged off apparently without any PAS record being mentioned in the descriptions (coins are NOT included in this total). the column on the right the number apparently reported to the PAS. That's pretty thought provoking, especially when we also take into account the tendency for some of those who send these finds abroad  to be less than forthcoming about what exactly it is they are putting in those envelopes sent out of the country.

    Oh and by the way, if you do a search for ancient coins sold by British dealers on, the total is 9636 results (three times the artefacts) and while there is no indication how many of these are British finds, the 160 Medieval coins offered in the same category are more than 90% British-struck items. 

    This collection-driven exploitation of the archaeological record is occurring now on a massive scale, yet nothing at all is being done to deal with this problem.

    Compitum - publications

    Ch. Carrato, Le dolium en Gaule Narbonnaise (Ier s. a.C.-IIIe s. p.C.)


    Charlotte Carrato, Le dolium en Gaule Narbonnaise (Ier s. a.C.-IIIe s. p.C.), Bordeaux, 2017.

    Éditeur : Ausonius Éditions
    Collection : Mémoires
    750 pages
    ISBN : 9782356131782
    65 €

    Nul autre vase en céramique n'aura mieux que le dolium rendu compte de la démesure romaine. D'abord importée par les Grecs en Italie dans le courant du VIIIe s. a.C., cette grande jarre de stockage en terre cuite va peu à peu conquérir l'ensemble de la Méditerranée nord-occidentale. Parce qu'il constitue un conteneur parfaitement adapté au climat chaud du pourtour méditerranéen, il devient dans le courant du IIe s. a. C. le symbole de la viticulture et de l'oléiculture intensive, et ce au moins jusqu'au IIIe s. p. C. L'archéologie a longtemps délaissé ce matériel lourd et souvent informe qui jonche pourtant le sol des anciens chais et celliers à dolia des exploitations agricoles antiques. À travers le cas particulier de la Gaule Narbonnaise, le présent travail se propose de réévaluer la place qu'a pu jouer ce conteneur dans le développement économique de cette province, entre le Ier s. a. C. et le IIIe s. p. C. Utilisant les méthodes de l'archéologie classique, cette étude s'inscrit aussi dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire destinée à mettre en synergie les données archéologiques, archéométriques, épigraphiques et anthropologiques. L'ensemble de la documentation rassemblée constitue une synthèse inédite des connaissances sur le thème du dolium, depuis sa fabrication jusqu'à son utilisation, qui vise à mettre en évidence les modalités du déploiement de ce formidable outil au service du développement économique impérial.


    Source : Ausonius éditions

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Advice on Export 'Best Practice' from UK Metal Detectorist

    When the objects they find are in transit between two countries, apparently some UK metal detectorists find, for some reason that:
    it helps to mark the envelope….’Numismatic Specimen’ rather than ‘roman coin’ thus helping to deflect the attention of prying eyes."

    May 27, 2017

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Skipping the Issues: a Coin Dealer in Trouble with Some of his Business Partners

    I sell to people who have a passion to collect,”
    he says. “I sell stress relief. I sell escapism. I’m just as
    appy selling someone a $2,000 coin as I am a $200,000 coin.

    A recent text discusses the activities of Rob Freeman, a noted coin scholar, or numismatist, and the owner of Freeman and Sear, formerly one of the top five ancient-coin dealers in the country ('The downfall of Rob Freeman, an ancient coin dealer who allegedly defrauded customers of millions and lost a bronze head, LA Weekly  MAY 16, 2017 ) . The article opens with a cameo presentation of the denizens of a local copin fondling club as a bunch of anorakish weirdos before passing on to the subject of the text:
    Freeman’s peers and customers [...] were so surprised when rumors about him began to circulate, citing missing coins, bounced checks, cheated customers, some sort of Ponzi scheme. Then there’s the mystery of what happened to the head of the Roman Lucius Aelius Verus, a larger-than-life bronze head depicting the adopted son of Emperor Hadrian and the father of Co-Emperor Lucius Verus. [...] “There are so many rumors going around, it’s hard to separate fact from fiction,” says Victor England Jr., co-owner of Classical Numismatic Group, one of the nation’s top coin dealerships. [Reportedly,] At least 20 lawsuits have been filed against Freeman in the last four years, alleging such acts as breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, misrepresentation, negligence and fraud. One such complaint, filed in January 2016 by Marie Rosales and Jack Luu, alleges the two plaintiffs were victims of a “Ponzi scheme,” and were “swindled out of more than $1 million by con men passing themselves off as legitimate dealers of ancient coins and antiques.” “I’ve known Rob for probably 25 years,” says Ira Goldberg, who with his cousin Larry owns an auction house. “I would say he just went bad. He was a fine numismatist, always honorable and hardworking. That all changed about three years ago.”
    Freeman studied history at UCLA, and went ion to work in Numismatic Fine Arts, a prominent coin dealership owned by Bruce McNall.

    In 1993, Freeman left to form Freeman and Sear, along with David R. Sear, perhaps the most noted coin scholar in the world, author of the book Roman Coins and Their Values, and someone who had also been at Numismatic Fine Arts. His time working for McNall had given Freeman contacts with ancient-coin dealers all over the world. In the eyes of any knowledgeable collector, Sear’s name gave the new business instant credibility. [...] Today, if you go to Sear’s personal website, a message in bold lettering at the top of the page reads: “I wish it to be known that David R. Sear has no connection with the company currently doing business as ‘Freeman and Sear,’ this association having been terminated in 2001.” The site makes no other mention of what happened to the partnership.
    It seems that in recent years he began touting ancient coins as a form of investment (rather like the NFA business model) - many of the people suing him reportedly allege that they bought shares in pools of coins but never saw returns.
    Marie Rosales and Jack Luu bought a percentage of a pool of coins for $1.25 million. They allege that Freeman promised a 30 percent profit in one year, which would have been a remarkable return. It was too good to be true. [...] The trouble began, according to Freeman, in 2007, when he started a new company, Helios, based in Munich, closer to where the majority of the world’s most valuable coins first hits the market. But Freeman lived in Los Angeles. Helios was run by a few employees in whom Freeman had placed great trust.
    Then there were four silver Athenian decadrachms....

    Basically the author of the text seems to believe that there are good coin dealers, but then he skips over totally the issue of where one actually gets four Athenian dekas and a head of Lucius Aelius Verus  from... that side of the dugup coin industry is skipped over.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Schriften von Stefan M. Maul Online

    Schriften von Stefan M. Maul
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1GEŠTUG = nēmequ Maul, Stefan 1989
    2nindaGÉSTUG = hasistu, ‘Öhrchen’, ‘Brot in Ohrenform’ Maul, Stefan 1989
    3Ein weiteres Exemplar der Kegelinschrift Lipitestar 2 Maul, Stefan 1990
    4Anmerkungen zu der 1. Tafel der Serie ‘’ Maul, Stefan 1990
    5Eine neue Tafel aus dem Egibi-Archiv Maul, Stefan 1990
    6Drei hethitische Tontafelfragmente aus Privatbesitz Maul, Stefan 1990
    7Zwei neue "Herzberuhigungsklagen" Maul, Stefan 1991
    8Neues zu den "Graeco-Babyloniaca" Maul, Stefan 1991
    9"Wenn der Held (zum Kampfe) auszieht ...". Ein Ninurta-Ersemma Maul, Stefan 1991
    10Der Mann mit der Peitsche Maul, Stefan 1992
    11Der Kneipenbesuch als Heilverfahren Maul, Stefan 1992
    12kurgarrû und assinnu und ihr Stand in der babylonischen Gesellschaft Maul, Stefan 1992
    13"Auf meinen Rechtsfall werde doch aufmerksam!" Wie sich die Babylonier und Assyrer vor Unheil schützten, das sich durch ein Vorzeichen angekündigt hatte Maul, Stefan 1992
    14Erste Medizinkonzepte zwischen Magie und Vernunft Maul, Stefan 1993
    16Die Korrespondenz des Iasīm-Sūmû. Ein Nachtrag zu ARMT XIII 25-57 Maul, Stefan 1994
    18"Was habe ich nur getan?" Maul, Stefan 1995
    19La fin de la tradition cunéiforme et les "Graeco-Babyloniaca" Maul, Stefan 1995
    20Eine Rationenliste aus dem Königreich Arraphe Maul, Stefan 1995
    21Ein beschriftetes Schwert aus der späten mittelbabylonischen Zeit Maul, Stefan 1995
    22Totengeist und Vögel. Eine Vogelliste aus dem neubabylonischen Grab 433 in Uruk Maul, Stefan 1995
    23Das "dreifache Königtum" - Überlegungen zu einer Sonderform des neuassyrischen Königssiegels Maul, Stefan 1995
    25Küchensumerisch oder hohe Kunst der Exegese? Überlegungen zur Bewertung akkadischer Interlinearübersetzungen von Emesal-Texten Maul, Stefan 1997
    26Auf den Spuren assyrischer Gelehrsamkeit Maul, Stefan 1997
    27Zwischen Sparmaßnahme und Revolte... Die Aktivitäten des Iasīm-Sūmû, des šandabakkum von Mari Maul, Stefan 1997
    28Korrekturen zu M.A.R.I. 8 (1997) Maul, Stefan 1997
    29Die altorientalische Hauptstadt - Abbild und Nabel der Welt Maul, Stefan 1997
    30Der assyrische König - Hüter der Weltordnung Maul, Stefan 1998
    31tikip santakki mala bašmu ... Anstelle eines Vorwortes Maul, Stefan 1998
    32Marduk, Nabû und der assyrische Enlil. Die Geschichte eines sumerischen Šu\'ilas Maul, Stefan 1998
    33Bibliographie R. Borger Maul, Stefan 1998
    341903-1914: Assur. Das Herz eines Weltreiches Maul, Stefan 1998
    35Altorientalische Tatenberichte mit (auto)biographischen Zügen Maul, Stefan 1998
    36Namburbi Maul, Stefan 1998
    37Im Fadenkreuz von Raum und Zeit. Zum Verhältnis von Weltbild und Herrschaftskonzeption im Alten Orient Maul, Stefan 1998
    38Wiedererstehende Welten. Aufgaben und Möglichkeiten moderner Altorientalistik Maul, Stefan 1998
    39Wiedererstehende Welten. Aufgaben und Möglichkeiten moderner Altorientalistik Maul, Stefan 1998
    40Assur Maul, Stefan 1998
    41Der assyrische König - Hüter der Weltordnung Maul, Stefan 1999
    42New information about the rulers of Tabetu Maul, Stefan 1999
    43How the Babylonians Protected Themselves against Calamities Announced by Omens Maul, Stefan 1999
    44Gottesdienst im Sonnenheiligtum zu Sippar Maul, Stefan 1999
    45Das Wort im Worte. Orthographie und Etymologie als hermeneutische Verfahren babylonischer Gelehrter Maul, Stefan 1999
    46Wer baute die babylonische Arche? Ein neues Fragment der mesopotamischen Sintfluterzählung aus Assur Maul, Stefan 1999
    47»Il ritorno alle origini«: Il rinnovamento rituale della regalità nella festa babilonese-assira del nuovo anno Maul, Stefan 2000
    48Sonnenfinsternisse in Assyrien Maul, Stefan 2000
    49Der Sieg über die Mächte des Bösen. Götterkampf,Triumphrituale und Torarchitektur in Assyrien Maul, Stefan 2000
    50Sonnenfinsternisse in Assyrien: Eine Bedrohung der Weltordnung Maul, Stefan 2000
    51Die Frühjahrsfeierlichkeiten in Assur Maul, Stefan 2000
    52Die Schriftfunde aus Assur von den Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft im Frühjahr 2000 Maul, Stefan 2000
    53Altertum in Mesopotamien. Beiträge zu den Sektionsthemen und Diskussionen Maul, Stefan 2001
    54Die Heilkunst des Alten Orients Maul, Stefan 2001
    55Eine babylonische Kultordnung für den ‘Klagesänger’ (kalû) Maul, Stefan 2002
    56Reste einer frühneuassyrischen Fassung des Gilgamesch-Epos aus Assur Maul, Stefan 2001
    57Neue Textvertreter der elften Tafel des Gilgamesch-Epos Maul, Stefan 2001
    58L’imperscrutabile parola divina. Lamentazioni sumeriche per la parola divina Maul, Stefan 2002
    59Die Heilkunst des Alten Orients Maul, Stefan 2002
    60Der Sieg über die Mächte des Bösen. Götterkampf, Triumphrituale und Torarchitektur in Assyrien Maul, Stefan 2003
    61Die Reste einer mittelassyrischen Beschwörerbibliothek aus dem Königspalast zu Assur Maul, Stefan 2003
    62Bildhafte Orthographie in der assyrisch-babylonischen Keilschrift. Orthographie und Etymologie als hermeneutische Verfahren babylonischer Gelehrter Maul, Stefan 2003
    63Assur - das Herz eines Weltreiches Maul, Stefan 2003
    65Wie die Bibliothek eines assyrischen Gelehrten wiederersteht Maul, Stefan 2003
    66Das Band zwischen allen Dingen. Wissenskultur und Weltbild im Alten Orient Maul, Stefan 2003
    67Gilgamesch, König von Uruk. »Der, der alles sah« Maul, Stefan 2004
    68Altorientalische Schöpfungsmythen Maul, Stefan 2004
    69Die ‘Lösung vom Bann' Maul, Stefan 2004
    70Drei mittelassyrische Urkunden aus Kulishinas Maul, Stefan 2004
    71Nos. 2-18. Bilingual (Sumero-Akkadian) Hymns from the Seleucid-Arsacid Period Maul, Stefan 2005
    72No. 43. Fragment of Lugal-e Maul, Stefan 2005
    73Weinen aus Trauer: Der Tod des Enkidu Maul, Stefan 2005
    74Das Gilgamesch-Epos Maul, Stefan 2005
    75Altorientalische Trauerriten Maul, Stefan 2005
    76Babylon - das Fadenkreuz von Raum und Zeit Maul, Stefan 2005
    77Zerschlagene Denkmäler. Die Zerstörung von Kulturschätzen im eroberten Zweistromland im Altertum und in der Gegenwart Maul, Stefan 2006
    79Militärpferde im Alten Orient Maul, Stefan 2007
    80Ringen um göttliches und menschliches Mass. Die Sintflut und ihre Bedeutung im Alten Orient Maul, Stefan 2007
    81Divination culture and the handling of the future Maul, Stefan 2007
    82Die altorientalischen Mythen um Gilgamesch, den König von Uruk Maul, Stefan 2008
    83L'épopée de Gilgamesh Maul, Stefan 2008
    84Teilhaben an der Heilsgeschichte. Überlegungen zu Fiktionalität und Identitätsbildung im Gilgamesch-Epos Maul, Stefan 2008
    85Bier und Wein für die Götter Maul, Stefan 2008
    86Die Religion Babyloniens Maul, Stefan 2008
    87Tor der Götter Maul, Stefan 2008
    88Den Gott ernähren. Überlegungen zum regelmäßigen Opfer in altorientalischen Tempeln Maul, Stefan 2008
    89Walking backwards into the future. The conception of time in the ancient Near East Maul, Stefan 2008
    90“Ein Tontafelbruchstück mit den Feldzugsberichten Salmanassers III. aus dem Jahr 842 v. Chr. (RIMA 3, A.0.102.6, Textvertreter Nr. 12)” Maul, Stefan 2008

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    The Annals of Eutychius of Alexandria (10th c. AD) – chapter 19j – Abbasids part 10

    The decay of the Abbasid caliphate continues.  Egypt is almost an independent country; and the caliphate is also troubled by the Qarmatian revolt – a group of Shia fanatics who end up stealing the Black stone from Mecca. 

    CALIPHATE OF AL-MUKTAFĪ BI’LLĀH (289-295/902-908).

    1. The bay’ah was given to al-Muktafī, i.e. Abū Muhammad [‘Ali] b. Ahmad al-Mu’tadid, in Baghdad, on the same day that al-Mu’tadid died.  Al-Muktafi was in ar-Raqqah.  Letters and missives were sent to him to travel to Baghdad.  He went, and settled there.  His mother was Bakhtagiknah, and she was the daughter of al-Qāsim b. ‘Ubayd Allah b. Sulaymān b. Dhahb.  He named his secretary al-‘Abbās b. Al-Hasan al-Mādarāni, and restored things to order.

    2. In the second year of the caliphate of al-Muktafī, in 290 [of the Hegira], the Nile of Egypt reached the height of thirteen cubits and two fingers.  The Muslims, Christians and Jews went out in procession, praying to God for rain, but the level of water remained as we mentioned, and the water continued to flow.  In the third year of al-Muktafi’s caliphate there was made patriarch of Antioch Elias.  He was a kātib.  He held office for twenty-eight years and died.  In the month of Rabī ‘al-ākhar, the town of Seleucia, in Byzantine territory, was conquered, and the loot was brought to Egypt in the month of Ragab of the year 290 [of the Hegira].  In the second year of the caliphate of al-Muktafi died Michael, patriarch of Alexandria, on Sunday, six days before the end of the month of Ramadan of the year 290 [of the Hegira], after having been patriarch for thirty-four years.  After him the see of Alexandria remained without a patriarch for four years.  In the fifth year of the caliphate of al-Muktafi, there was made patriarch of Alexandria Cristodulos, originally from Aleppo.  He was consecrated in Jerusalem on Holy Saturday, the 4th of the month of Nīsān, that is, the 7th of Barmūdah, 19th of the month of ğumādā al-ākhar.  Elias, the son of Mansūr, patriarch of Jerusalem, consecrated him and he went to Alexandria.  But the inhabitants of Alexandria said, “We will not accept him unless the prayer making him patriarch is repeated.”  The prayer of patriarchs was prayed over him on the 4th of Ramadan of the year 294 [of the Hegira].  He held office for twenty-six years and six months and died.  He was buried in the church of [Saint] Michael at Fustāt-Misr.  In the sixth year of al-Muktafi’s caliphate there was made patriarch of Jerusalem George, son of Da’ğān.  He held office for four years and eight months and died.

    3. There arose in Syria a rebel called Ismā’il the Qarmatian[1].  In Damascus the governor, in the name of Khumārawayh b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn, was Tughğ b. Khaff al-Far’āni.  After several battles, Tughğ was put to flight at the hand of Ismā’īl the Qarmatian, and many of his men fell on the field.  Tughğ then wrote to Hārūn ibn Khumārawayh, informing him of the fact.  Hārūn sent a large army to him, all of which belonged to the men of the Tulūnids.  The battle between the army of Hārūn and the Qarmatian took place near a village called “Kenākir”, in the province of Damascus, in the area known as “al-Askafiyyah” in the month of Ragab of the year 289 [of the Hegira].  After a fierce battle, the Qarmatian was killed, and on both sides about twenty thousand men fell, while the others were fleeing.  The survivors of the forces of Hārūn went to Damascus and Tiberias, while those of the Qarmatian army headed to Homs.  Then Hārūn’s soldiers returned to Egypt, but part of them remained in Damascus with Badr, called al-Ğamāmi.  The Qarmatian had a brother named an-Nāgim.  He gathered the survivors of his brother’s forces, and formed an army by recruiting his own people, and began his rebellion in the area around Homs.  When al-Muktafi learned that the Egyptian hosts had been cut to pieces and decimated by the Qarmatian and that the Egyptian soldiers had been killed, he decided to occupy Egypt, and he sent Muhammad ibn Sulaymān at the head of his most illustrious commanders and with a huge army.  Al-Muktafi then went to ar-Raqqah and stopped there.  When he came to Homs, Muhammad ibn Sulayman put to flight the troops of the Qarmatian an-Nāgim and captured seven hundred of his men.  The Qarmatian escaped but he was caught in a place called “ad-Dāliyyah”.  Muhammad ibn Sulaymān brought him to al-Muktafī, at ar-Raqqah, along with the seven hundred men.  Al-Muktafi took him with him to Baghdad where, after torturing him for a long time, he had him decapitated on a scaffold, then hanged his body on a cross.  He then ordered the killing of the seven hundred men: some were decapitated on the scaffold and then crucified, others had their hands and feet cut off.

    4. Al-Muktafi’s armies progressed with Muhammad ibn Sulaymān even to Damascus.  Badr al-Hammāmi, along with the soldiers who were with him, asked for a promise of safety from Muhammad ibn Sulaymān.  Muhammad ibn Sulayman then left for Palestine with the intent of invading Egypt.  Knowing that the soldiers and armies had him as their target, Hārūn ibn Khumārawayh went to a place called “al-‘Abbāsiyyah”, an Egyptian territory of the province of al-Hawf, and camped there with his commanders and many men, to wait for Muhammad ibn Sulayman and to fight against him.  Al-Muktafi’s ships followed the route to Tinnis and entered the province of Egypt.  The Greek Damian commanded the fleet.  Then some of Hārūn’s commanders[2] came to meet Damian in a village of al-Fustāt called “Tanūhah”.  The battle between the two sides was violent, but Hārūn’s officers went over to the other side and fled.

    5. Shaybān ibn Muhammad b. Tūlūn, the uncle of Hārūn, attacked Hārūn ibn Khumārawayh and killed him, on Sunday 18th of the month of Safar of the year 292.  Shaybān b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn was the arbiter of the situation only for a few days.  For Hārūn’s officers wrote a letter to Muhammad ibn Sulaymān asking him to grant them protection.  Granting them what they asked, Muhammad ibn Sulaymān entered Misr without finding any opposition and no objection on Thursday, two days before the end of the month of Safar of the year 292.  Faced with this event, and seeing that Muhammad ibn Sulayman had already deployed his battle-ready soldiers in a place called “ar-Riyah” at the gate of the city of Misr, Shaybān and his brothers sought a guarantee of their lives and property .  This was granted, and Shaybān’s forces disbanded.  Muhammad ibn Sulayman ordered all the officers and secretaries of Hārūn who were with him to go to Baghdad.  They went to Baghdad, while Muhammad ibn Sulaymān stayed in Egypt for six months, and the scribes and the officers with them collected thousands of thousands of dinars.  Then he returned to Iraq, leaving Is’ān an-Nūshari in Egypt, after having stayed for six months and having collected from the provinces thousands of thousands of dinars destined for the sultan.  Al-Muktafi took Muhammad ibn Sulaymān and threw him into prison, demanding the restitution of the goods that he had collected in Egypt.

    6. In Syria one of Hārūn’s officers, known under the name of Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Khalīğ, one of those who remained with Muhammad ibn Sulaymān in Syria, rebelled, and, having gathered around him a multitude of men of every sort, had set up their seat in the city of ar-Ramlah.  Learning of this, Isa an-Nūshari joined with al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Mādarāni, called Abū Zaynūn, and the soldiers who were in Egypt and came out together to fight against Muhammad ibn Ali al-Khaliğ.  When they learned that he had a large number of men with him, they returned, together with the officers, to al-Fustāt.  From here they went down to al-Gizah, broke the two bridges then gave them to the flames, so that Muhammad ibn Ali al-Khalīğ could not reach them, and continued marching about, now to Alexandria, now to upper Egypt.  So the city of al-Fustāt remained without authority and without anyone [as governor].  The citizens protected themselves, and took care of each other for five days.

    7. Muhammad ibn [Ali] al-Khalīg entered Misr on a Thursday, fourteen days before the end of the month of Dhū’l-qa’da of the year 292.  He stayed there for eight months, accumulating riches and strengthening his position.  Then the armies of al-Muktafī arrived, under the command of his freedman Fātik, and a group of officers.  Muhammad ibn Ali al-Khalīg came out against him, retreated on al-Fustāt with his men and engaged in a violent battle.  Muhammad ibn Ali was beaten and succeeded in returning to al-Fustāt, where he hid himself.  Fātik made his entry into al-Fustāt together with his officers.  The man with whom Muhammad bin Ali al-Khalīg was hiding went to Isā an-Nūshari and told him that he was with him.  He was arrested – it was the month of Rağab of the year 293 [of the Hegira] – and he carried him with him back to Irāq together with his men, his family, his officers and scribes, and those who had helped him.

    8. Al-Muktafi died on Sunday 13th of the month of Dhū’l-qa’da of the year 295 [of the Hegira].  His caliphate lasted six years, nine months and two days.  His influential advisers and administrators of his affairs were his minister al-‘Abbās ibn al-Husayn and his freeman Fātik.

    1. [1]From what follows, the name of this rebel was actually Abū’l-Qāsim, as is clear from the battle in which Tughğ was defeated.  Eutychius has confused him with Ismā’īl, son of the 6th Imam Ga’far as-Sādiq (d. 765), from whom the Ismailites take their name.  The latter are easy to confuse with the Qarmatians. (Pirone).  The “Qarmata” or “Qarmatians” or “Qaramita” were a Shia group best known for taking the black stone from Mecca.
    2. [2]Perhaps “officers” would be a better word?

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Schriften von Friedhelm Hoffmann Online

    Schriften von Friedhelm Hoffmann
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Zu den "Pirolen" auf dem Relief Kairo, Temporary Number 6/9/32/1 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1989
    2»Schlinge des Kampfes« (hgy n sdy) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1991
    3Das Gebäude t(w)t(we) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1991
    4Einige Bemerkungen zur Zweiten Setnegeschichte Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1992
    5Einige Bemerkungen zur Geschichte von König Amasis und dem Schiffer Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1992
    6Das Wort dfd Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1993
    7Seilflechter in der Unterwelt Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1994
    8, 20Ägyptische Wortliste Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Beinlich, Horst 1994
    9Frandsen, Paul John (ed.), The Carlsberg Papyri 1: Demotic Texts front the Collection. With Contributions by K.-Th. Zauzich, W.J. Tait and Michel Chauveau. Copenhagen, Museum Tusculanum Press, 1991 (30 cm, vm + 142 pp., 10 pls.) = Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Studies, CNI Publications, 15. ISSN 0902-5499, ISBN 87 7289 1 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1994
    10Die Imkerei im alten Ägypten Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1994
    11Die Länge des P. Spiegelberg Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1994
    12Eine spätdemotische Zahlungsquittung (P. Vindob. D6344) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1994
    13Stadt und Tempel von Elephantine. 21./22. Grabungsbericht. XII. Zu den demotischen Ostraka Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1995
    14Der Anfang des P. Spiegelberg – ein Versuch zur Wiederherstellung Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1995
    15Vos, R. L.: The Apis Embalming Ritual. P. Vindob. 3873. Leuven 1993 (= Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 50) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1995
    16Astronomische und astrologische Kleinigkeiten I: Pap. Wien D6005 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1995
    17Neue Fragmente zu den drei großen Inaros-Petubastis-Texten Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1995
    18Die Aufgabe 10 des Moskauer mathematischen Papyrus Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    19Der literarische demotische Papyrus Wien D6920-22 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    20Smith, M.: The Liturgy of Opening the Mouth for Breathing. Griffith Institute / Ashmolean Museum, Beaumont Street, Oxford OX1 2PH, 1993 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    21Die Lesung des demotischen Wortes für „Götterbarke" Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    22Einige Bemerkungen zur Ersten Setnegeschichte (P. Kairo CG 30646) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    23S. P. Vleeming: Ostraka Varia. TaxReceipts and Legal Documents on Demotic, Greek, and Greek-Demotic Ostraka, Chiefly of the Early Ptolemaic Period, from Various Collections. Leiden / New York / Köln : Brill 1994 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1996
    25Herbin, Francis Rene: Le livre de parcourir l'eternite / pref. de Jan Assmann. (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 58). Uitgeverij Peeters, Leuven, 1994 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1997
    26Astronomische und astrologische Kleinigkeiten II: P. Heidelberg Inv. Dem. 40 und 41 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1997
    27Die drei wirbellosen Tiere in Szene 10 des Mundöffnungsrituals Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1998
    28Apries und die ostgriechische Vasenmalerei Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Steinhart, Matthias 1998
    29Papyrus Klagenfurt Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1999
    30Zu den demotischen Ostraka Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1999
    31Astronomische und astrologische Kleinigkeiten III: P. Berlin P 23547 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1999
    32Beinlich-Seeber, Christine: Bibliographie Altägypten 1822-1946. I: Alphabetisches Verzeichnis AI, II: JZ. XXXVII, 1789 Seiten. III: Indices. IX, 1158 Seiten. (= Ägyptologische Abhandlungen 61). Harrassowitz Verlag Wiesbaden, 1988. Hoffmann, Friedhelm 1999
    34Einige Bemerkungen zur Lehre eines Mannes für seinen Sohn Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    35Zwei demotisch-griechische Salzsteuerquittungen Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    36Ryholt, Kim: The story of Petese son of Petetum and seventy other good and bad Stories. (P. Petese). Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press 1999. X X , 116 S., 12 Taf. 4° = Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, 23; The Carlsberg Papyri, 4. Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    38aLa matematica demotica Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    38bGeografia demotica Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    39Bosson, Nathalie / Aufrere, Sydney H. (Herausgeber): Égyptes...L'Égyptien et le copte. Catalogue de l'exposition (Exposition réalisée par le musée achéologique Henri Prades à Lattes). Lattes, 1999 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2001
    41Fischer-Elfert, Hans-Werner: Die Lehre eines Mannes für seinen Sohn. Eine Etappe auf dem ,Gottesweg' des loyalen und solidarischen Beamten des Mittleren Reiches, Wiesbaden (Harrassowitz Verlag) 1999 (Ägyptologische Abhandlungen 60) Textband (geb.): XV, 480 S.; Tafelband Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2002
    42Die Hymnensammlung des P. Wien D6951 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2002
    43Measuring Egyptian Statues Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2002
    44Zwei neue demotische Erzählungen (P. Wien D 62) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2004
    45Edda Bresciani, An den Ufern des Nils. Alltagsleben zur Zeit der Pharaonen, Stuttgart (Theiss) 2002, 255 S, 152 Abb, ISBN 380621655X Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2004
    46Astronomische und astrologische Kleinigkeiten IV: Ein Zeichen für „Null" im P. Carlsberg 32? Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2004
    47Edda Bresciani / Angiolo Menchetti: Nozioni elementari di grammatica demotica con Liste grafiche e Letture demotiche. Pisa 2002( = Biblioteca di Studi Egittologici 2 ) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2004
    49Das Göttliche in der Natur – Biologie im alten Ägypten Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2005
    50Krokodildarstellungen in Ägypten und Rom (Kat. 350-357) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2005
    51Fayence-Aryballos mit Kartusche Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Höckmann, Ursula 2006
    52Heike Guksch/Eva Hofmann/Martin Bommas (Hgg.), Grab und Totenkult im Alten Ägypten, München (Verlag C. H. Beck) 2003, 264 S., 58 Abb. Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2006
    53„Herrscher der Flüsse,... der die Räuberei liebt" - Das Nilkrokodil Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2006
    54Rossi, Corinna: Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt- Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004. XXII, 280 S. m. Abb. Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2006
    56Die ägyptischen literarischen Texte. Ein Forschungsüberblick Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2007
    57Donald B. Redford, From Slave to Pharaoh. The Black xperience of Ancient Egypt, Baltimore/London (The Johns Hopkins University Press) 2004 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2007
    58Bernard Legras: L'Egypte grecque et romaine. Paris: Colin 2004 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2008
    59Jasnow, R., and K.-Th. Zauzich, The Ancient Book of Thoth. Volume 1: Text, Volume 2: Plates, Wiesbaden 2005 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2008
    61Zur angeblichen musikalischen Notation in einer ägyptischen Osirisliturgie Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2008
    62Warlike women in ancient Egypt Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2008
    63Stadt und Tempel von Elephantine. 33./34./35. Grabungsbericht. IX. Zu den demotischen Ostraka Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2010
    64Die Datierung des Ostrakon Brooklyn 12768 1630 und der Kult des Osiris-Espmetis auf Elephantine in römischer Zeit Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2009
    65Die Entstehung der demotischen Erzählliteratur. Beobachtungen zum überlieferungsgeschichtlichen Kontext Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2009
    66Stefan Pfeiffer, Herrscher- und Dynastiekulte im Ptolemäeerreich. Systematik und Einordnung der Kultformen, München 2008 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2009
    67Ein demotistisches EDV-Werkzeug: die Demotische Wortliste (DWL) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2009
    68, 67Demotische Texte zur Heilkunde Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Quack, Joachim Friedrich 2010
    69Astronomische und astrologische Kleinigkeiten VI: Neumonddaten aus dem Jahre 184/185 n. Chr. Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2010
    70Lost in Translation? Beobachtungen zum Verhältnis des lateinischen und griechischen Textes der Gallusstele Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2010
    71Göttinnen, Königinnen, Amazonen. Kriegerische Frauen im alten Ägypten Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2010
    72Zur Neuedition des hieratisch-demotischen Papyrus Wien D 6257 aus römischer Zeit Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2010
    73Das Unmögliche möglich machen? Einige merkwürdige ägyptische Felder Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2011
    75Hieratic and demotic literature Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2012
    76Zum Körperkonzept in Ägypten (P. Berlin P. 10472 A + 14400) Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2012
    77Lloyd, Alan B. (Hg.), A companion to ancient Egypt. 2 Bände, Chichester 2010 Hoffmann, Friedhelm 2012

    Schriften von Jan Assmann Online

    Schriften von Jan Assmann
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Zur Baugeschichte der Königsgruft von Sidon Assmann, Jan 1963
    2Arbeiten im Grab des Basa Assmann, Jan 1968
    3Zwei Sonnenhymnen der späten XVIII. Dynastie in thebanischen Gräbern der Saitenzeit Assmann, Jan 1971
    4Die Inschrift auf dem äußeren Sarkophagdeckel des Merenptah Assmann, Jan 1972
    5Palast oder Tempel? Überlegungen zur Architektur und Topographie von Amarna Assmann, Jan 1972
    6Die „Häresie" des Echnaton: Aspekte der Amarna-Religion Assmann, Jan 1972
    7Wort und Text. Entwurf einer semantischen Textanalyse Assmann, Jan 1973
    8Neith spricht als Mutter und Sarg Assmann, Jan 1973
    9Der literarische Text im Alten Ägypten. Versuch einer Begriffsbestimmung Assmann, Jan 1974
    10Ägyptologie und Linguistik Assmann, Jan 1974
    11Flachbildkunst des Neuen Reiches Assmann, Jan 1975
    12Das Bild des Vaters im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1976
    13Fest des Augenblicks - Verheißung der Dauer. Die Kontroverse der ägyptischen Harfnerlieder Assmann, Jan 1977
    14Die Verborgenheit des Mythos in Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1977
    15Textanalyse auf verschiedenen Ebenen: zum Problem der Einheit des Papyrus d'Orbiney Assmann, Jan 1977
    16Das ägyptische Zweibrüdermärchen (Papyrus d'Orbiney) Assmann, Jan 1977
    17Eine Traumoffenbarung der Göttin Hathor. Zeugnisse 'Persönlicher Frömmigkeit' in thebanischen Privatgräbern der Ramessidenzeit Assmann, Jan 1978
    18Harfnerlied und Horussöhne. Zwei Blöcke aus dem verschollenen Grab des Bürgermeisters Amenemhet (Theben Nr.163) im Britischen Museum Assmann, Jan 1979
    19Weisheit, Loyalismus und Frömmigkeit Assmann, Jan 1979
    20Primat und Transzendenz. Struktur und Genese der ägyptischen Vorstellung eines 'Höchsten Wesens' Assmann, Jan 1979
    21Die 'Loyalistische Lehre' Echnatons Assmann, Jan 1980
    22Grundstrukturen der ägyptischen Gottesvorstellungen Assmann, Jan 1980
    23Die Zeugung des Sohnes. Bild, Spiel, Erzählung und das Problem des ägyptischen Mythos Assmann, Jan 1982
    24Ägyptologie als verstehende Wissenschaft. Über die hermeneutisohe Funktion des interdisziplinären Gesprächs Assmann, Jan 1982
    25Die Gestalt der Zeit in der ägyptischen Kunst Assmann, Jan 1983
    26Schrift, Tod und Identität. Das Grab als Vorschule der Literatur im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1983
    27Das Doppelgesicht der Zeit im altägyptischen Denken Assmann, Jan 1983
    28Königsdogma und Heilserwartung. Politische und kultische Chaosbeschreibungen in ägyptischen Texten Assmann, Jan 1983
    29Die Rubren der Sinuhe-Erzählung Assmann, Jan 1983
    30Tod und Initiation im altägyptischen Totenglauben Assmann, Jan 1983
    31Das Dekorationsprogramm der königlichen Sonnenheiligtümer des Neuen Reiches nach einer Fassung der Spätzeit Assmann, Jan 1983
    32Vergeltung und Erinnerung Assmann, Jan 1984
    33Das Grab mit gewundenem Abstieg. Zum Typenwandel des Privat-Felsgrabes im Neuen Reich Assmann, Jan 1984
    34Politik zwischen Ritual und Dogma. Spielräume politischen Handelns im pharaonischen Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1984
    35Gibt es eine "Klassik" in der ägyptischen Literaturgeschichte? Ein Beitrag zur Geistesgeschichte der Ramessidenzeit Assmann, Jan 1985
    36Die Entdeckung der Vergangenheit. Innovation und Restauration in der ägyptischen Literaturgeschichte Assmann, Jan 1985
    37Viel Stil am Nil? Altägypten und das Problem des Kulturstils Assmann, Jan 1986
    38Arbeit am Polytheismus Assmann, Jan 1986
    39Hierotaxis. Textkonstitution und Bildkomposition in der altägyptischen Kunst und Literatur Assmann, Jan 1987
    40Sepulkrale Selbstthematisierung im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1987
    41Priorität und Interesse. Das Problem der Ramessidischen Beamtengräber Assmann, Jan 1987
    42Ikonographie der Schönheit im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1988
    43Egypte ancienne - la mémoire monumentale Assmann, Jan 1988
    44Kollektives Gedächtnis und kulturelle Identität Assmann, Jan 1988
    45Stein und Zeit. Das »monumentale« Gedächtnis der altägyptischen Kultur Assmann, Jan 1988
    46Im Schatten junger Medienblüte. Ägypten und die Materialität des Zeichens Assmann, Jan 1988
    47Der schöne Tag. Sinnlichkeit und Vergänglichkeit im altägyptischen Fest Assmann, Jan 1989
    48State and religion in the New Kingdom Assmann, Jan 1989
    49Death and initiation in the funerary religion of Ancient Egypt Assmann, Jan 1989
    50Ikonologie der Identität. Vier Stilkategorien der ägyptischen Bildniskunst Assmann, Jan 1990
    51Die Macht der Bilder. Rahmenbedingungen ikonischen Handelns im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1990
    52Egyptian mortuary liturgies Assmann, Jan 1990
    53Ägyptologie im Kontext der Geisteswissenschaften Assmann, Jan 1990
    54Guilt and Remembrance: On the Theologization of History in the Ancient Near East Assmann, Jan 1990
    55Der "leidende Gerechte" im alten Ägypten. Zum Konfliktpotential der ägyptischen Religion Assmann, Jan 1990
    56Weisheit, Schrift und Literatur im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1991
    57Magische Weisheit. Wissensformen im ägyptischen Kosmotheismus Assmann, Jan 1991
    58Gebrauch und Gedächtnis: Die zwei Kulturen des pharaonischen Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1991
    59Die Katastrophe des Vergessens. Das Deuteronomium als Paradigma kultureller Mnemotechnik Assmann, Jan 1994
    60Sagesse et écriture dans l'Ancienne Égypte Assmann, Jan 1991
    61Das ägyptische Prozessionsfest Assmann, Jan 1991
    62Der zweidimensionale Mensch: das Fest als Medium des kollektiven Gedächtnisses Assmann, Jan 1991
    63Große Texte ohne eine Große Tradition: Ägypten als eine vorachsenzeitliche Kultur Assmann, Jan 1992
    64Semiosis and interpretation in ancient Egyptian ritual Assmann, Jan 1992
    65Akhanyati's theology of light and time Assmann, Jan 1992
    66Inscriptional violence and the art of cursing: A study of performative writing Assmann, Jan 1992
    67Ein Gespräch im Goldhaus über Kunst und andere Gegenstände Assmann, Jan 1992
    68Frühe Formen politischer Mythomotorik Fundierende, kontrapräsentische und revolutionäre Mythen Assmann, Jan 1992
    70Der Tempel der ägyptischen Spätzeit als Kanonisierung kultureller Identität Assmann, Jan 1992
    71Sentimental Journey zu den Wurzeln Europas. Zu Martin Bernals "Black Athena" Assmann, Jan 1992
    72When justice fails: Jurisdiction and imprecation in Ancient Egypt and the Near East" Assmann, Jan 1992
    73Zur Geschichte des Herzens im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1993
    74Literatur und Karneval im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1993
    76Politisierung durch Polarisierung. Zur impliziten Axiomatik altägyptischer Politik Assmann, Jan 1993
    77Verkünden und verklären - Grundformen hymnischer Rede im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1994
    78Zeit der Erneuerung, Zeit der Rechenschaft. Mythos und Geschichte in frühen Kulturen Assmann, Jan 1994
    79Maat und die gespaltene Welt oder: Ägyptertum und Pessimismus Assmann, Jan 1994
    80Vertikaler Sozialismus. Solidarität und Gerechtigkeit im altägyptischen Staat Assmann, Jan 1994
    81Ocular desire in a time of darkness. Urban festivals and divine visibility in Ancient Egypt Assmann, Jan 1994
    82Unsichtbare Religion und Kulturelles Gedächtnis Assmann, Jan 1994
    83Ancient Egypt and the Materiality of the Sign Assmann, Jan 1994
    84Individuum und Person. Zur Geschichte des Herzens im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1994
    85Solar discourse. Ancient egyptian ways of worldreading Assmann, Jan 1994
    86Der Amunshymnus des Papyrus Leiden I 344, verso Assmann, Jan 1994
    87Zur Verschriftung rechtlicher und sozialer Normen im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1994
    88Glück und Weisheit im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1994
    89Zur Ästhetik des Geheimnisses Kryptographie als Kalligraphie im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1994
    90Das göttliche Richtertum und die Lesbarkeit der Geschichte. Rez. John Gwyn Griffiths, The Divine Verdict. A Study of Divine Judgement in the Ancient Religions. Assmann, Jan 1994
    91Spruch 23 der Pyramidentexte und die Ächtung der Feinde des Pharaos Assmann, Jan 1994
    92Fünf Wege zum Kanon. Tradition und Schriftkultur im alten Israel und frühen Judentum Assmann, Jan 1995
    93Le temple égyptien et la distinction entre le dedans et le dehors Assmann, Jan 1994
    94Die ägyptische Schriftkultur Assmann, Jan 1994
    95Erinnern um dazuzugehören. Kulturelles Gedächtnis, Zugehörigkeitsstruktur und normative Vergangenheit Assmann, Jan 1995
    96Ägypten und die Legitimierung des Tötens: ideologische Grundlagen politischer Gewalt im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1995
    97Die Erzählbarkeit der Welt. Bedingungen für die Entstehung von Geschichte im alten Orient Assmann, Jan 1995
    98Geheimnis, Gedächtnis und Gottesnähe: zum Strukturwandel der Grabsemantik und der Diesseits-Jenseitsbeziehungen im Neuen Reich Assmann, Jan 1995
    99Unio liturgica. Die kultische Einstimmung in götterweltlichen Lobpreis als Grundmotiv "esoterischer" Überlieferung im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1995
    102Kulturelles Gedächtnis als normative Erinnerung. Das Prinzip ,Kanon' in der Erinnerungskultur Ägyptens und Israels Assmann, Jan 1995
    103Die Unschuld des Kindes. Eine neue Deutung der Nachschrift von CT spell 228 Assmann, Jan 1995
    104Jehova-Isis: The mysteries of Egypt and the quest for natural religion in the age of Enlightenment Assmann, Jan 1995
    107Denkformen des Endes in der altägyptischen Welt Assmann, Jan 1996
    108Zum Konzept der Fremdheit im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1996
    109Die Wende der Weisheit im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1996
    110Spruch 62 der Sargtexte und die ägyptischen Totenliturgien Assmann, Jan 1996
    111Kulturelle und literarische Texte Assmann, Jan 1996
    112Der literarische Aspekt des ägyptischen Grabes und seine Funktion im Rahmen des 'monumentalen Diskurses' Assmann, Jan 1996
    113Verkünden und Verklären. Grundformen hymnischer Rede im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1996
    114The Mosaic distinction: Israel, Egypt, and the invention of paganism Assmann, Jan 1996
    115Erlösung durch Rechtfertigung. Altägyptische Todesvorstellungen Assmann, Jan 1996
    116Preservation and Presentation of Self in Ancient Egyptian Portraiture Assmann, Jan 1996
    117Re-Membering - Konnektives Gedächtnis und jüdisches Erinnerungsgebot Assmann, Jan 1997
    118Israel und Ägypten - Grenzen auf der Landkarte der Erinnerung Assmann, Jan 1997
    119Praktiken des Übersetzens und Konzepte von Toleranz im Alten Orient und in der hellenistisch-römischen Antike Assmann, Jan 1996
    120Eine liturgische Inszenierung des Totengerichts aus dem Mittleren Reich. Altägyptische Vorstellungenvon Schuld, Person und künftigem Leben Assmann, Jan 1997
    121Rezeption und Auslegung in Ägypten. Das 'Denkmal memphitischer Theologie' als Auslegung der heliopolitanischen Kosmogonie Assmann, Jan 1997
    123Der Name Gottes und das Problem interkultureller Übersetzbarkeit Assmann, Jan 1997
    124Zur Ästhetik des Geheimnisses. Kryptographie als Kalligraphie im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1997
    125Magic and Theology in ancient Egypt Assmann, Jan 1997
    127Immanuel Kant und Friedrich Schiller über Isis und das Erhabene Assmann, Jan 1998
    130Schuld und Unschuld des Vergessens Assmann, Jan 1998
    131Ein Wiener Kanopentext und die Stundenwachen in der Balsamierungshalle Assmann, Jan 1997
    132Gottesbeherzigung "Persönliche Frömmigkeit" als religiöse Strömung der Ramessidenzeit Assmann, Jan 1997
    133Schrift und Kult Assmann, Jan 1998
    134A Dialogue between Self and Soul: Papyrus Berlin 3024 Assmann, Jan 1998
    135Die Erzählbarkeit der Welt. Bedingungen für die Entstehung von Geschichte im alten Orient Assmann, Jan 1998
    136Sammlerin Isis: Einbalsamieren, Beleben, Erinnern Assmann, Jan 1998
    137Der Ort des Toten. Bemerkungen zu einem verbreiteten Totenopferspruch Assmann, Jan 1998
    138Ägyptische Geheimnisse: Arcanum und Mysterium in der ägyptischen Religion Assmann, Jan 1998
    139In Bilder verstrickt. Bildkult, Idolatrie und Kosmotheismus in der Antike Assmann, Jan 1999
    140"Hen kai pan". Ralph Cudworth und die Rehabilitierung der hermetischen Tradition Assmann, Jan 1999
    141Das Herz auf der Waage. Schuld und Sünde im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 1999
    142Zeitkonstruktion und Gedächtnis als Basisfunktionen historischer Sinnbildung. Eine Reaktion auf Peter Burkes Thesen Assmann, Jan 1999
    143Kalendarische und messianische Geschichte. Altägyptische Formen geschichtlicher Semiotik Assmann, Jan 1999
    144Conversion, piety and loyalism in Ancient Egypt Assmann, Jan 1999
    147Fünf Wege zum Kanon. Tradition und Schriftkultur im alten Israel und frühen Judentum Assmann, Jan 1999
    148Das verschleierte Bild zu Sais - griechische Neugier und ägyptische Andacht Assmann, Jan 1999
    149Kollektives und kulturelles Gedächtnis. Zur Phänomenologie und Funktion von Gegen-Erinnerung Assmann, Jan 1999
    150Literatur zwischen Kult und Politik: zur Geschichte des Textes vor dem Zeitalter der Literatur Assmann, Jan 1999
    151Cultural and literary texts Assmann, Jan 1999
    153Literatur und Einsamkeit im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2000
    154Le traumatisme monothéiste Assmann, Jan 2000
    155Hieroglyphen als mnemotechnisches System. William Warburton und die Grammatologie des 18. Jahrhunderts Assmann, Jan 2000
    156Der Eine lebt, wenn der andere ihn geleitet. Altägyptische Konzepte vom konnektiven Leben Assmann, Jan 1999
    157Echnaton, Tutanchamun und Moses. Ägypten im kulturellen Gedächtnis des Abendlandes Assmann, Jan 2000
    160Ägypten als Gegenwelt Assmann, Jan 2000
    163Narrative Inversion. Erzählte Gegenidentität am Beispiel biblischer und außerbiblischer Exodusberichte Assmann, Jan 2000
    164Gottes willige Vollstrecker. Zur Politischen Theologie der Gewalt Assmann, Jan 2000
    165Schöpfungsmythen und Kreativitätskonzepte im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2000
    166Die Theologisierung der Gerechtigkeit Assmann, Jan 2000
    167Körper und Schrift als Gedächtnisspeicher. Vom kommunikativen zum kulturellen Gedächtnis Assmann, Jan 2000
    170Ägypten in der Gedächtnisgeschichte des Abendlandes Assmann, Jan 1999
    171Pictures versus letters: William Warburton’s theory of grammatological iconoclasm Assmann, Jan 2001
    172Recht und Gerechtigkeit als Generatoren von Geschichte Assmann, Jan 2001
    173Verständigung über Geschichte und Repräsentation von Vergangenheit im Alten Orient. Geschichte und Antigeschichte Assmann, Jan 2001
    174Die Aufmerksamkeit Gottes. Die religiöse Dimension der Aufmerksamkeit in Israel und Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2001
    175Erinnerung und Identität – der ägyptische Weg Assmann, Jan 2001
    176Das Ende als Sinngenerator. Zur Kategorie der Resultativität im altägyptischen Denken Assmann, Jan 2001
    177Tod und Konnektivität Assmann, Jan 2001
    178Ägypten in der Wissenskultur des Abendlandes Assmann, Jan 2001
    179Bildverstrickung. Vom Sinn des Bilderverbots im biblischen Monotheismus Assmann, Jan 2001
    181Text und Ritus. Die Bedeutung der Medien für die Religionsgeschichte Assmann, Jan 2001
    182Das Geheimnis der Wahrheit. Das Konzept der „doppelten Religion“ und die Erfindung der Religionsgeschichte Assmann, Jan 2001
    184Hieroglyphische Gärten. Ägypten in der romantischen Gartenkunst Assmann, Jan 2001
    185Tod und Kultur Assmann, Jan 2001
    186Der Platz Ägyptens in der Gedächtnisgeschichte des Abendlandes Assmann, Jan 2001
    187Du sollst dir keine Bilder machen: Bedeutung und Kontext des Zweiten Gebots Assmann, Jan 2000
    191Geschichte und Gedächtnis: Moderne Theorien und alte Ursprünge Assmann, Jan 2002
    192Antijudaismus oder Antimonotheismus? Hellenistische Exoduserzählungen Assmann, Jan 2002
    197Sieben Funktionen der Hieroglyphenschrift Assmann, Jan 2002
    198Der Mensch und sein Tod. Einführende Bemerkungen Assmann, Jan 2002
    199Todesbefallenheit im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2002
    200Die Nacht vor der Beisetzung. Der rituelle Kontext des Totengerichts Assmann, Jan 2002
    201Pythagoras und Lucius: zwei Formen ägyptischer Mysterien Assmann, Jan 2002
    202Der Eine lebt, wenn der andere ihn geleitet. Altägyptische Konzepte vom konnektiven Leben Assmann, Jan 2002
    205Isis und Osiris. Geschlechterdifferenz im ägyptischen Totenritual Assmann, Jan 2002
    206Resurrection in Ancient Egypt Assmann, Jan 2002
    207Monotheismus Assmann, Jan 2003
    208Antike Äußerungen zur ägyptischen Schrift Assmann, Jan 2003
    209Etymographie: Zeichen im Jenseits der Sprache Assmann, Jan 2003
    210Die Erfindung der Schrift Assmann, Jan 2003
    213Das kulturelle Gedächtnis. Wahrnehmen – Erinnern – Vergessen Assmann, Jan 2002
    214La notion d'éternité dans l'Égypte ancienne Assmann, Jan 2003
    215Sinnkonstruktionen im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2003
    216Ägyptische Religion Assmann, Jan 2003
    217Die Monotheistische Wende Assmann, Jan 2003
    218Gerechtigkeit und Monotheismus Assmann, Jan 2003
    219Kosmogonie, Schöpfung und Kreativität im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2003
    220Echnaton – Paradigma einer gescheiterten Häresie? Assmann, Jan 2003
    221Auszug aus dem kosmologischen Mythos: Voegelins Rekonstruktion der monotheistischen Wende aus ägyptologischer Sicht Assmann, Jan 2003
    222The Ramesside tomb and the construction of sacred space Assmann, Jan 2003
    223The Ramesside tomb of Nebsumenu (TT 183) and the ritual of opening the mouth Assmann, Jan 2003
    224Ägyptische Totenriten Assmann, Jan 2004
    225Die Frühzeit des Bildes – Der altägyptische iconic turn Assmann, Jan 2004
    226Theological responses to Amarna Assmann, Jan 2004
    227Tod, Staat, Kosmos: Dimensionen des Mythos im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2004
    228Der hebräische und der ägyptische Mose – Bilder und Gegenbilder Assmann, Jan 2004
    229Theologie in Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2004
    231Monotheism and polytheism Assmann, Jan 2011
    232Die Konstruktion sakralen Raums in der Grabarchitektur des Neuen Reichs Assmann, Jan 2004
    234'Axial' breakthroughs and semantic 'relocations' in Ancient Egypt and Israel Assmann, Jan 2005
    235Das Paar, die Liebe und der Tod: Der Mythos von Isis und Osiris Assmann, Jan 2005
    237Zeitkonstruktion, Vergangenheitsbezug und Geschichtsbewußtsein im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2005
    238Moses as Go-Between: John Spencer’s Theory of Religious Translation Assmann, Jan 2005
    240Monotheism and its political consequences Assmann, Jan 2005
    241Political theology: Religion as a legitimizing fiction in antique and early modern critique Assmann, Jan 2005
    242Lux divina - Zur Theologie des Lichts im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2005
    243Die Lebenden und die Toten Assmann, Jan 2005
    244Der Abschied von den Toten. Trauerrituale im Kulturvergleich Assmann, Jan 2005
    245Das kulturelle Gedächtnis und das Unbewusste Assmann, Jan 2005
    246Monotheismus und die Sprache der Gewalt Assmann, Jan 2005
    248Das kollektive Gedächtnis zwischen Körper und Schrift. Zur Gedächtnistheorie von Maurice Halbwachs Assmann, Jan 2005
    249Urkatastrophen und Urverschuldungen Assmann, Jan 2006
    250Das gerettete Wissen. Flutkatastrophen und geheime Archive Assmann, Jan 2006
    251Ma’at – Gemeinschaftskunst im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2006
    252Die Zauberflöte. Märchen oder Mysterium? Assmann, Jan 2006
    253Pathosformeln, Figuren und Erinnerungsmotive in Mozarts Zauberflöte Assmann, Jan 2006
    254Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion (1939 [1934-38]) Assmann, Jan 2006
    255Das Sendungsbewusstsein der Hatschepsut Assmann, Jan 2006
    256Was ist so schlimm an den Bildern? Assmann, Jan 2006
    258Schönheit und Gerechtigkeit. »... man gedenkt seiner wegen der Tugend« Assmann, Jan 2006
    259Kulte und Religionen. Merkmale primärer und sekundärer Religion(serfahrung) im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2006
    260Der Ka als Double Assmann, Jan 2006
    262Form as a Mnemonic Device: Cultural Texts and Cultural Memory Assmann, Jan 2006
    263Gesetz, Gewalt und Monotheismus Assmann, Jan 2006
    264Kunst und Rituale: Mozarts Zauberflöte Assmann, Jan 2007
    267Gott und die Götter Assmann, Jan 2007
    268Idolatrie. Über eine verdrängte Religionsform Assmann, Jan 2007
    269Der Schrecken Gottes im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2007
    270Das Heil: Religiöse Zukunftsvorstellungen im kulturellen Gedächtnis Assmann, Jan 2007
    272Communicative and Cultural Memory Assmann, Jan 2008
    273Sakralkönigtum und Gemeinschaftskunst. Der Alte Orient und das Politische Assmann, Jan 2008
    276Der Mensch - das Tier, das zu viel weiß. Altorientalische Mythen zum Thema der menschlichen Endlichkeit Assmann, Jan 2009
    277Der Mythos des Gottkönigs im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2009
    278Myth as historia divina and historia sacra Assmann, Jan 2009
    279Altägyptische Bildpraxen und ihre impliziten Theorien Assmann, Jan 2009
    280Schönheit und Unvergänglichkeit im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2009
    281Die Piye(Pianchi)Stele: Erzählung als Medium politischer Repräsentation Assmann, Jan 2009
    282Konstellative Anthropologie. Zum Bild des Menschen im alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2009
    283Mythen der Unvollkommenheit, Mysterien der Vervollkommnung Assmann, Jan 2010
    284What’s wrong with images? Assmann, Jan 2009
    285Religio Duplex. Die Ringparabel und die Idee der 'doppelten Religion' Assmann, Jan 2010
    289Globalization, Universalism, and the Erosion of Cultural Memory Assmann, Jan 2010
    290Magie und Ritual im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2010
    291Politik und Religion. Altägyptische und biblische Ausprägungen eines aktuellen Problems Assmann, Jan 2010
    292Monismus und Monotheismus - alte und neue Friedensangebote Assmann, Jan 2010
    297Aufklärung und Zaubermärchen: Die Zauberflöte als >opera duplex< Assmann, Jan 2011
    299Altägyptische Ängste Assmann, Jan 2011
    300Der allumfassende und der persönliche Gott in ‚philosophischen’ Hymnen der altägyptischen Theologie Assmann, Jan 2011
    301Religion und Literatur im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2011
    304Der Garten als Brücke zum Jenseits Assmann, Jan 2011
    307Vom Poly- zum Monotheismus: Evolution oder Revolution? Assmann, Jan 2004
    308Leitkultur und doppelte Mitgliedschaft. Überlegungen zur Toleranzdebatte Assmann, Jan 2011
    309Altägyptische Weisheit Assmann, Jan 2011
    314Leben im Mythos Assmann, Jan 2012
    315Gotteszorn und Apokalypse. Über den Ernstfall totaler Religionen Assmann, Jan 2012
    316Schikaneder, Mozart und die Zauberflöte Assmann, Jan 2012
    317Konstellative Anthropologie. Zum Bild des Menschen im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2012
    318Karl Richard Lepsius und die altägyptische Religion Assmann, Jan 2012
    319Sternzeit und Steinzeit: Altägyptische Zeitvorstellungen Assmann, Jan 2012
    322Freundschaft, Feindschaft und Gemeinschaft im Alten Ägypten Assmann, Jan 2012

    Schriften von Wolfgang Röllig Online

    Schriften von Wolfgang Röllig
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1El als Gottesbezeichnung im Phönizischen Röllig, Wolfgang 1959
    2Griechische Eigennamen in Texten der babylonischen Spätzeit Röllig, Wolfgang 1960
    3Erwägungen zu neuen Stelen König Nabonids Röllig, Wolfgang 1964
    4Nabonid und Tema Röllig, Wolfgang 1964
    5Die Keilschrift und die Anfänge der Alphabetschrift Röllig, Wolfgang 1965
    6Die Glaubwürdigkeit der Chronik P Röllig, Wolfgang 1967
    7Zur Datierung Zimri-Lims Röllig, Wolfgang 1967
    8Der Gott Lim im amoritischen Pantheon Röllig, Wolfgang 1968
    9Die Alphabetschrift Röllig, Wolfgang 1969
    10Beiträge zur nordsemitischen Epigraphik (1-4) Röllig, Wolfgang 1969
    11Nitokris von Babylon Röllig, Wolfgang 1969
    12Zur phönizischen Inschrift der Astarte-Statuette in Sevilla (Hispania 14) Röllig, Wolfgang 1969
    13Zur Typologie und Entstehung der babylonischen und assyrischen Königslisten Röllig, Wolfgang 1969
    14Irīšum-Inschrift Z. 16ff. Röllig, Wolfgang 1970
    15Zwei Ostraka vom Tell Kamid-el-Loz und ein neuer Aspekt für die Entstehung des kanaanäischen Alphabets Mansfeld, Günter ; Röllig, Wolfgang 1970
    16Alte und neue phönizische Inschriften aus dem ägäischen Raum Röllig, Wolfgang 1972
    17Die Religion Allsyriens Röllig, Wolfgang 1973
    18Alte und neue Elfenbeininschriften Röllig, Wolfgang 1974
    19Die Amulette von Arslan Taş Röllig, Wolfgang 1974
    20Eine neue phönizische Inschrift aus Byblos Röllig, Wolfgang 1974
    21Politische Heiraten im Alten Orient Röllig, Wolfgang 1974
    22Der Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients und seine altorientalischen Karten Röllig, Wolfgang 1974
    23Der Turm zu Babel Röllig, Wolfgang 1975
    24Der altmesopotamische Markt Röllig, Wolfgang 1976
    25The Lower Habur. A preliminary report on a survey conducted by the Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients in 1975 Röllig, Wolfgang ; Kühne, Hartmut 1977
    26Dūr-Katlimmu Röllig, Wolfgang 1978
    27Zalpa Röllig, Wolfgang 1978
    28Das Punische im Römischen Reich Röllig, Wolfgang 1980
    28aNotizen zur Praxis der Siegelung in mittelassyrischer Zeit Röllig, Wolfgang 1980
    28bRudolf Schützeichel (Hrsg.): Erlanger Ortsnamen-Kolloquium. Ortsnamen als Ausdruck von Kultur und Herrschaft. Beiträge zur Namenforschung. Neue Folge, Beiheft 18. C. Winter, Heidelberg 1980 Röllig, Wolfgang 1980
    28cSusanne Heinhold-Kramer: Arzawa. Untersuchungen zu seiner Geschichte nachden hethitischen Quellen. Texte der Hethiter, Heft 8. Heidelberg, C. Winter Universitätsverlag,1977 Röllig, Wolfgang 1980
    28dElizabeth N. von Voigtländer: The Bisutun Iscription of Darius the Great.Babylonian Version. Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum Part I: Inscriptions of Ancient Iran Vol. II: The Babylonian Version of the Achaemenian Inscriptions. Texts I. Lund Humphries, London 1978 Röllig, Wolfgang 1980
    29Zum "Sakralen Königtum" im Alten Orient Röllig, Wolfgang 1981
    30Die Ahirom-Inschrift. Bemerkungen eines Epigraphikers zu einem kontroversen Thema Röllig, Wolfgang 1982
    31Paläographische Beobachtungen zum ersten Auftreten der Phönizier in Sardinien Röllig, Wolfgang 1982
    32Die Phönizier des Mutterlandes zur Zeit der Kolonisierung Röllig, Wolfgang 1982
    33Ein Itinerar aus Dur-Katlimmu Röllig, Wolfgang 1983
    34The Lower Habur. Second Preliminary Report on a Survey in 1977 Röllig, Wolfgang ; Kühne, Hartmut 1983
    35The Phoenician Language: Remarks on the Present State of Research Röllig, Wolfgang 1983
    36Phönizische Gefäßinschriften aus Morro de Mezquitilla Röllig, Wolfgang 1983
    37Der den Schwachen vom Starken nicht entrechten läßt, der der Waise Recht schafft ... Röllig, Wolfgang 1983
    38Der Mondgott und die Kuh. Ein Lehrstück zur Problematik der Textüberlieferung im Alten Orient Röllig, Wolfgang 1985
    39On the Origin of the Phoenicians Röllig, Wolfgang 1983
    40Über die Anfänge unseres Alphabets Röllig, Wolfgang 1985
    41Aims and organization of the "Repertoire Geographique des Textes Cuneiformes" and historical geography Röllig, Wolfgang 1986
    42Assur - Geißel der Völker. Zur Typologie aggressiver Gesellschaften Röllig, Wolfgang 1986
    43Prelimintary remarks on the Middle - Assyrian archive from Tell Schech - Hamad/Dur Kattlimu Röllig, Wolfgang 1984
    44Contribución de las inscripciones fenicio-púnicas al estudio de la protohistoria de Espana Röllig, Wolfgang 1986
    45Volksliteratur in mesopotamischer Überlieferung Röllig, Wolfgang 1986
    46A reexamination of the early evidence of alphabetic script Röllig, Wolfgang 1986
    47Appendix A: The Thamudic Inscriptions Röllig, Wolfgang 1987
    48Die aramäische Inschrift für Haza’el und ihr Duplikat Röllig, Wolfgang 1988
    49Die Inschrift auf der Lamassu-Figur Röllig, Wolfgang 1988
    51Das Siegel des Königs Salmanassar I. von Assyrien Röllig, Wolfgang ; Kühne, Hartmut 1989
    53Das phönizische Alphabet und die frühen europäischen Schriften Röllig, Wolfgang 1990
    54Zwei aramäische Inschriften vom Tall Šēh Hasan/Syrien Röllig, Wolfgang 1990
    55Hellenistic Babylonia: The evidence from Uruk Röllig, Wolfgang 1991
    56Überlegungen zum Etana-Mythos Röllig, Wolfgang 1991
    57Achäer und Trojaner in hethitischen Quellen? Röllig, Wolfgang 1992
    58Die Anfänge der Braukunst im Zweistromland Röllig, Wolfgang 1992
    59Asia Minor as a Bridge Between East and West. The Role of the Phoenicians and Aramaeans in the Transfer of Culture Röllig, Wolfgang 1992
    60Aspekte altorientalischer Religion Röllig, Wolfgang 1992
    61Die phönizische Sprache. Bemerkungen zum gegenwärtigen Forschungstand Röllig, Wolfgang 1992
    62Aktion oder Reaktion? Politisches Handeln assyrischer Könige Röllig, Wolfgang 1993
    63Die aramäischen Beischriften auf den Texten 1 und 3 Röllig, Wolfgang 1993
    64Ein assyro-babylonisches Rollsiegel aus Tall Šēh Hamad Röllig, Wolfgang ; Kühne, Hartmut 1993
    65Zur historischen Einordnung der Texte Röllig, Wolfgang 1993
    66Die nordwestsemitischen Schriftkulturen Röllig, Wolfgang 1994
    67„Drachen des Gebirges": Fremde als Bedrohung in Mesopotamien Röllig, Wolfgang 1995
    68Historical geography: Past and present Röllig, Wolfgang 1995
    69Onomastic and palaeographic considerations on early Phoenician arrow-heads Röllig, Wolfgang 1995
    70Phoenician and the Phoenicians in the context of the Ancient Near East Röllig, Wolfgang 1995
    71Phönizier und Griechen im Mittelmeerraum Röllig, Wolfgang 1995
    72Die Stiftungsinschrift für Sadrapa und Milk-Astart aus Leptis Magna IPT 31 Röllig, Wolfgang 1996
    72aAkkadisch tu'um, di'um, phönizisch tw, aramäisch twn: Versuch einer Klärung Röllig, Wolfgang 1996
    73Aramaica Haburensia II. Zwei datierte aramäische Urkunden aus Tall Šēh Hamad Röllig, Wolfgang 1997
    74Aspects of the historical geography of northeastern Syria from middle assyrian to neo-assyrian times Röllig, Wolfgang 1997
    75Ein urartäisches Gürtelblech mit Darstellung einer Löwenjagd Röllig, Wolfgang 1997
    76Altorientalische Schiffsmetaphorik Röllig, Wolfgang 1997
    78Sinn und Form. Formaler Aufbau und literarische Struktur der Karatepe-Inschrift Röllig, Wolfgang 1998
    79Nordsemitisch – Südsemitisch? Zur Geschichte des Alphabets im 2. Jt. v. Chr. Röllig, Wolfgang 1998
    80Appendix I. The Phoenician inscriptions Röllig, Wolfgang 1999
    81Aramaica Haburensia III. Beobachtungen an neuen Dokumenten Röllig, Wolfgang 1999
    82Mittelassyrische Texte zum Anbau von Gewürzpflanzen Röllig, Wolfgang ; Tsukimoto, Akio 1999
    83Aramaica Haburensia I. Eine ostaramäische Inschrift parthischer Zeit aus Tall Šēh Hamad Röllig, Wolfgang 2000
    84Begegnungen mit Göttern und Dämonen der Levante Röllig, Wolfgang 2000
    85Aramäer und Assyrer. Die Schriftzeugnisse bis zum Ende des Assyrerreiches Röllig, Wolfgang 2000
    86Das Alphabet und sein Weg zu den Griechen Röllig, Wolfgang 2000
    87Aramaica Haburensia V: Limu-Datierungen in aramäischen Urkunden des 7. Jh. v. Chr. Röllig, Wolfgang 2001
    88Vermächtnis der Vorzeit Röllig, Wolfgang 2001
    89Phönizisches aus Nordsyrien und der Gott Kurra Röllig, Wolfgang 2001
    90Myths about the Netherworld in the Ancient Near East and their Counterparts in the Greek Religion Röllig, Wolfgang 2001
    91Aus der Kleiderkammer einer mittelassyrischen Palastverwaltung: mashuru-Kleider Röllig, Wolfgang 2002
    92Appendix II. Aramaic Inscriptions Röllig, Wolfgang 2002
    93Eine punische Weihinschrift für Esmun Röllig, Wolfgang 2002
    94Die Weisheit der Könige in Assyrien und Babylonien Röllig, Wolfgang 2003
    95Das Sitzbild des Kammaki vom Tell Halaf Röllig, Wolfgang 2003
    96Aramaica Haburensia VI. Drei Ostraka aus Tall Šēh Hamad Röllig, Wolfgang 2003
    97Semitische Inschriften auf Grabdenkmälern Syriens und der Levante Röllig, Wolfgang 2004
    98Eponymen in den mittelassyrischen Dokumenten aus Tall Šēh Hamad / Dūr-Katlimmu Röllig, Wolfgang 2004
    99Sprachen und Schriften der Levante in Anatolien Röllig, Wolfgang 2004
    100Karlheinz Deller Röllig, Wolfgang 2004
    101Bibliographie K. Deller ab 1989 Röllig, Wolfgang 2004
    102Keilschrift versus Alphabetschrift. Überlegungen zu den epigraphs auf Keilschrifttafeln Röllig, Wolfgang 2005
    103Aramaica Haburensia IV. Gefäßaufschriften römisch-parthischer Zeit aus Tall Seh Hamad Röllig, Wolfgang 2005
    104Robert Deutsch: Shlomo. Studies in Epigraphy, Iconography, History and Archaeology in Honor of Shlomo Moussaieff. Tel Aviv – Jaffa: Archaeological Center Publication 2003 Röllig, Wolfgang 2005
    105Catena aurea. Vom Ursprung einer Episode bei Homer Röllig, Wolfgang 2006
    106Eine zweisprachig phönizisch-griechische Inschrift aus Delos Röllig, Wolfgang 2006
    107Die phönizische Inschrift auf einem Gefäß aus Naukratis Röllig, Wolfgang 2006
    108Jerusalem in the neo-assyrian period Röllig, Wolfgang 2007
    109Zur phönizischen Inschrift von Cebelireis Dagi Röllig, Wolfgang 2008
    110Duara. Die Satellitenstadt zu Dur-Katlimmu Röllig, Wolfgang 2008
    111Die Brücke bei Ảrbān / Tall Ảğāğā am Unteren Habur Röllig, Wolfgang 2008
    112Aspekte der Archivierung und Kanonisierung von Keilschriftliteratur im 8./7. Jh. v. Chr. Röllig, Wolfgang 2009
    113Die Inschriften des Ninurta-belu-usur, Statthalters von Kar-salmanu-asared. Teil I Röllig, Wolfgang 2000
    114»Und ich baute starke Festungen an allen Enden auf den Grenzen ...«. Zur Bedeutung der Inschriften und Reliefs vom Karatepe-Aslantaş Röllig, Wolfgang 2011

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Two more NY Dealers can't show the Paperwork

    The Manhattan District Attorney’s office seized
    the objects — collectively valued at $90,000 — in April

     from an unnamed Manhattan gallery, whose owners faced 
    no charges after agreeing to forfeit the pieces.

    The antiquities
    Quelle surprise, the federal authorities caught another dealer with apparently dodgy goods but are refusing to name him (or her) [Rebecca Rosenberg, 'Looted ancient artifacts found in Midtown gallery, finally returned' New York Post May 25, 2017]. In fact, these artefacts (worth reportedly $100,000) which had apparently been stolen from Italy were discovered in yet another New York gallery last April, when:
    investigators seized six items, including a 4-inch-tall, 2,800-year-old Sardinian bronze warrior valued at $30,000, from the unnamed gallery, according to the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office. The $90,000 haul also included a drinking cup emblazoned with two goats butting heads from the late 4th century B.C. worth $8,500 and a wine jug decorated with panthers valued at $22,500, officials said. The items were looted from archaeological sites in Italy, including tombs, in the 1990s then smuggled into the US, according to the DA’s office.
    Oh and:
    The gallery, which had listed the antiquities for sale, was unaware that they were stolen and fully cooperated with investigators, authorities said.
    He probably thought they grew on tees, like spaghetti. The items concerned are:
    I. Paestan red-figure lekythos, an oil flask depicting a man holding a plate of fruit, dating to 340 B.C. and valued at $9,500.
    II. Sardinian bronze warrior wearing a helmet and carrying a bow, dating to the 8th century B.C., and valued at approximately $30,000.
    III. Proto-Corinthian oenochoe, a wine jug decorated with rams and panthers, dating to 650 B.C. and valued at $22,500.
    IV. Sardinian bronze ox dating back to the 8th century B.C. valued at $6,500.
    V. Attic red-figure lekythos, an oil flask depicting a man holding a lyre, dating back to 430 B.C. and valued at $12,500. [seized pursuant to a search warrant from a different gallery in Midtown Manhattan PMB]
    VI. Apulian Xenon kantharos, a drinking cup decorated with the image of two goats butting heads, dating to the late 4th century B.C. and valued at $8,500.
    VII. Greek bronze Herakles holding the horn of Achelous, dating to the 3rd or 4th century B.C., and valued at $12,500.
    Assistant District Attorney Matthew Bogdanos, Senior Trial Counsel, and Assistant District Attorney Christopher Hirsch handled the recovery of the artifacts. These recoveries were made possible through a joint investigation with the Italian Carabinieri Tutela Patrimonio Culturale and with the assistance of the following individuals: Angelo Ragusa, of the Rome Office of the Archaeological Section of the Carabinieri; Ms. Leila A. Amineddoleh, professor at Fordham University School of Law, St. John’s University School of Law, and New York University; and Dr. Christos Tsirogiannis, Affiliate Researcher at the Scottish Centre of Crime and Justice Research, University of Glasgow, and lecturer for the Association for Research into Crimes Against Art ("ARCA") in Italy.

    BiblePlaces Blog

    Weekend Roundup, Part 1

    Archaeologists have revealed new evidence for the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 from the excavations of the road from the Siloam Pool to the Temple Mount.

    The tomb of an unknown saint has been unearthed at Hippos.

    A stone slab with two indentions was used to start fires in the Neolithic period.

    The Associates for Biblical Research have completed Week 1 of Season 1 in their excavations of Shiloh.

    A network of caves and tunnels at Khirbet Burgin in Judah’s Shephelah has been opened to the public.

    An archaeological garden has been opened in the Davidson Center south of the Temple Mount of Jerusalem.

    A study to be published in Palestine Exploration Quarterly observes that the large number of reservoirs made Jerusalem unique in the Second Temple period.

    International Museum Day has passed, but this is a handy list of museums in Israel.

    The Temple Mount Sifting Project met their first goal of 250,000 NIS and is now working to a second, much larger goal.

    Aren Maeir shares some photos from the opening of an exhibition of discoveries from Gath (Tell es-Safi) in the Bar Ilan University Library.

    Ferrell Jenkins recently was able to visit inside the Dome of the Rock and take photos. He shares some.

    A $14 million elevator will be built at the Western Wall Plaza to allow elderly and disabled to go to the Jewish Quarter.

    A Russian lawmaker vacationing in Israel drowned in the Dead Sea.

    Accordance is having a big sale on many excellent archaeological and geographical resources through Monday.

    HT: Joseph Lauer, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, Agade, Explorator, Chris McKinny, Paleojudaica

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    The Poor You Will Always Have With You

    Liz Theoharis writes: Keeping in mind these emphases of Deuter­onomy, we can grasp the liberative dimension of Jesus’ words in Matthew 26:11, “you always have the poor with you.” After an unnamed prophetess anoints him to be ruler of God’s kingdom, Jesus responds by quoting to his disciples from Deuter­on­omy 15:11, which is embedded in [Read More...]

    Jim Davila (

    Review of Budin (ed.), Women in Antiquity

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Auroras and comets in Syriac

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Mapping ancient Syriac lives and literature

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    The Apocalypse of Abraham

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Israel Numismatic Report

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

    L’Histoire chronologique de Pythodoris et des rois du Bosphore Cimmérien.(1736)

    Dissertations du P. E. Souciet de la Compagnie de Jesus. Contenant, L’Histoire chronologique de Pythodoris,… ou Dissertation sur les médailles de Pythodoris,  l’Histoire chronologique des rois du Bosphore Cimmérien…. ou Dissertation sur une médaille du cabinet…., 1736, Paris. L’auteur, Étienne … Lire la suite

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

    A Villager’s Tale: The incorporation of a settlement in the Nemea Valley into the territory of Mycenae during the Late Bronze Age

    June 01, 2017 - 9:34 AM - Aegeus Annual Meeting and lecture by James Wright and Mary Dabney James Wright (American School of Classical Studies at Athens), Mary Dabney (Bryn Mawr College)

    The Dream Lives of Objects

    May 29, 2017 - 9:25 AM - Artist in Residence Talk Annabel Dover (Wimbledon College of Arts & BSA Arts Bursary Holder)

    Archaeology Magazine

    Ninth-Century Castle Investigated in Slovakia

    Arab silver coinPEZINOK, SLOVAKIA—Archaeologist Július Vavák of the Malokarpatské Múzeum is investigating the site of a Slavic castle dating to the Great Moravian Empire in the Little Carpathians, according to a report in The Slovak Spectator. During the ninth and tenth centuries, the strategically located castle was a military and manufacturing center connected to the castles and hillforts in Bratislava and Devín, where King Rastislav is known to have stayed. The castle also probably provided protection for valuable trade routes. So far, Vavák has recovered evidence of metalworking, ceramics, glass fragments, a knife, a spear, and a deposit of jewelry, including earrings, a pendant, and a ring. He has also found a selection of coins, including Roman and Celtic varieties, and a late ninth-century silver dirham from the Abbasid caliphate. Vavák claims this is the first Arabic silver coin to have been found in Great Moravia. To read about other discoveries including Arabic silver coins, go to “Hoards of the Vikings.”

    Horse Images Discovered in China’s Xiangshan Mountains

    YINCHUAN, CHINA—Eight images of horses have been found carved into rocks in China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, according to a report by the Xinhua News Agency. The images were found carved into hard bluestone during a survey of known rock art in the Xiangshan Mountains. One of the horses measures more than 1.5 feet long, making it one of China’s largest rock art images. Most of the rock art in the Xiangshan Mountains dates to the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods. For more, go to “China’s Legendary Flood.”

    Evidence of Early Dog Domestication Found in Siberian Arctic

    Siberia domesticated dogsST. PETERSBURG, RUSSIA—Science Magazine reports that dogs may have been bred and domesticated in the Arctic some 9,000 years ago. Archaeologist Vladimir Pitulko and archaeozoologist Aleksey Kasparov of the Russian Academy of Sciences analyzed the bones of canines recovered from a hunter-gatherer site on what is now Zhokhov Island. They compared two well-preserved canine skulls from the site with those of wolves and Siberian Huskies from the region. The measurements of the skulls suggest that one was a true dog, while the other was a wolf-dog hybrid. Further study of the canine bones from the site suggest ten of the dogs were about the size of Siberian Huskies, which are able to pull sleds without overheating like a larger dog would. The researchers speculate that dog-assisted transportation could have allowed Stone Age Zhokovians to pursue herds of reindeer. The wolf-dog hybrid was larger, however, and may have been more suitable for hunting polar bears. “They were clearly shaping these animals to do something special,” Pitulko said. For more on archaeology in the area, go to “Squeezing History from a Turnip.”

    May 26, 2017

    Archaeology Magazine

    England Returns Artifacts to Egypt

    Egypt smuggled artifactsCAIRO, EGYPT—Officials in London have handed over four artifacts thought to have been smuggled out of Egypt, according to a report in Ahram Online. Shaaban Abdel-Gawad, head of the Antiquities Ministry’s Antiquities Repatriation Department, said the objects include a glass sculpture of a human head, a stone relief thought to have been taken in the 1970s from Hatshepsut’s temple, a wooden ushabti figurine, and a Roman-era object from Minya. All of the objects except for the carving taken from Hatshepsut’s temple are thought to have been stolen from Egyptian galleries in the aftermath of the 2011 revolution. For more on Egypt, go to “Recovering Hidden Texts.”

    ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

    Sapir on Grammar and Grammars

    “The habitual association of radical elements, grammatical elements, words, and sentences with concepts or groups of concepts related into wholes is the fact itself of language. It is important to note that there is in all languages a certain randomness of association. Thus, the idea of “hide” may be also expressed by the word “conceal,” the notion of “three times” also by “thrice.” The multiple expression of a single concept is universally felt as a source of linguistic strength and variety, not as a needless extravagance. More irksome is a random correspondence between idea and linguistic expression in the field of abstract and relational concepts, particularly when the concept is embodied in a grammatical element. Thus, the randomness of the expression of plurality in such words as books, oxen, sheep, and geese is felt to be rather more, I fancy, an unavoidable and traditional predicament than a welcome luxuriance. It is obvious that a language cannot go beyond a certain point in this randomness. Many languages go incredibly far in this respect, it is true, but linguistic history shows conclusively that sooner or later the less frequently occurring associations are ironed out at the expense of the more vital ones. In other words, all languages have an inherent tendency to economy of expression. Were this tendency entirely inoperative, there would be no grammar. The fact of grammar, a universal trait of language, is simply a generalized expression of the feeling that analogous concepts and relations are most conveniently symbolized in analogous forms. Were a language ever completely “grammatical,” it would be a perfect engine of conceptual expression. Unfortunately, or luckily, no language is tyrannically consistent. All grammars leak.”

    Edward Sapir 1921, 39; my emphasis.

    Click below to follow us via e-mail or RSS or even Facebook (ugh, Facebook). Maybe even support us on Patreon?

    Filed under: Grammar, History of Linguistics, Language, Linguistics, Quotes, Typology

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Metal Detectorists Happy About Brexit, Real Archaeologists Likely to be Less so.

    New report shows that UK archaeology and classics are likely to be the worst hit academic disciplines due to loss of EU funding after Brexit. After all, who now needs archaeologists to make crowd-pleasing discoveries like the Frome hoard?

    ISIL's Raqqa to Fall Soon?

    After a 4-year existential war across northern Syria, the YPG can now measure its distance to Raqqa in individual fields (map by @Nrg8000 )


    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Schriften von Hartwig Altenmüller Online

    Schriften von Hartwig Altenmüller
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Letopolis und der Bericht des Herodot über Papremis Altenmüller, Hartwig 1964
    2Der "Socle Béhague" und ein Statuentorso in Wien Altenmüller, Hartwig 1965
    3Zur Lesung und Deutung des dramatischen Ramesseumpapyrus Altenmüller, Hartwig 1965
    4„Messersee", „gewundener Wasserlauf" und „Flammensee" Altenmüller, Hartwig 1966
    5Ein Opfertext der 5. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1967
    6Zur Überlieferung des Amduat Altenmüller, Hartwig 1967
    6aDie Bedeutung der "Gotteshalle des Anubis" im Begräbnisritual Altenmüller, Hartwig 1967
    7Zwei neue Exemplare des Opfertextes der 5. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1968
    8Zum Beschriftungssystem bei religiösen Texten Altenmüller, Hartwig 1969
    9Die abydenische Version des Kultbildrituals Altenmüller, Hartwig 1969
    10Die Stellung der Königsmutter Chentkaus beim Ubergang von der 4. zur 5. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1970
    11Eine neue Deutung der Zeremonie des jnjt-rd Altenmüller, Hartwig 1971
    12Bemerkungen zur frühen und späten Bauphase des Djoserbezirkes in Saqqara Altenmüller, Hartwig 1972
    13Bemerkungen zum Hirtenlied des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1973
    14Zur Vergöttlichung des Königs Unas im Alten Reich Altenmüller, Hartwig 1974
    15Zur Frage der Vergöttlichung des Vezirs (Pa-)Rahotep Altenmüller, Hartwig 1975
    16Zur Frage der Mww Altenmüller, Hartwig 1975
    17Das Ölmagazin im Grab des Hesire in Saqqara (QS 2405) Altenmüller, Hartwig 1976
    18Bemerkungen zum Kannibalenspruch Altenmüller, Hartwig 1977
    19Ein Zauberspruch zum "Schutz des Leibes" Altenmüller, Hartwig 1979
    20Amenophis I. als Mittler Altenmüller, Hartwig 1981
    21Das Grab des Hetepniptah (G 2430) auf dem Westfriedhof von Giza Altenmüller, Hartwig 1981
    23Arbeiten am Grab des Neferherenptah in Saqqara (1970-1975) Altenmüller, Hartwig 1982
    24Tausret und Sethnacht Altenmüller, Hartwig 1982
    25Rolle und Bedeutung des Grabes der Königin Tausret im Königsgräbertal von Theben Altenmüller, Hartwig 1983
    26Ein Zaubermesser aus Tübingen Altenmüller, Hartwig 1983
    27Der Begräbnistag Sethos' II. Altenmüller, Hartwig 1984
    28Sokar im Alten Reich und der Wind Altenmüller, Hartwig 1984
    29Das „Sänftenlied“ des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1984
    30Aspekte des Sonnenlaufes in den Pyramidentexten Altenmüller, Hartwig 1986
    31Ein Zaubermesser des Mittleren Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1986
    32Totenglauben und Magie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1987
    33Bemerkungen zu Spruch 313 der Sargtexte Altenmüller, Hartwig 1987
    34Nilpferd und Papyrusdickicht in den Gräbern des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1989
    35Kälberhirte und Schafhirte. Bemerkungen zur Rückkehr des Grabherrn Altenmüller, Hartwig 1989
    36Die „Geschichte des Schiffbrüchigen“ - Ein Aufruf zum Loyalismus? Altenmüller, Hartwig 1989
    37Ein Edelstein: Einmal um die Ecke gedacht Altenmüller, Hartwig 1990
    38Bemerkungen zur Gründung der 6. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1990
    39Zum möglichen religiösen Gehalt von Grabdarstellungen des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1991
    41Bemerkungen zu den neu gefundenen Daten im Grab der Königin Twosre (KV 14) im Tal der Könige von Theben Altenmüller, Hartwig 1992
    42Die Pyramidennamen der frühen 12. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1992
    43Sein Ba möge fortdauern bei Gott Altenmüller, Hartwig 1993
    44Das Graffito 551 aus der thebanischen Nekropole Altenmüller, Hartwig 1994
    45Das „Fest des Weißen Nilpferds“ und das „Opfergefilde“ Altenmüller, Hartwig 1994
    46Die Reden und Rufe beim Dreschen in den Gräbern des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1994
    47Prinz Mentu-her-chopeschef aus der 20. Dynastie Altenmüller, Hartwig 1994
    48Der Sockel einer Horusstele des Vorstehers der Wab-Priester der Sachmet Benitehhor Altenmüller, Hartwig 1995
    49Die "Abgaben" aus dem 2. Jahr des Userkaf Altenmüller, Hartwig 1995
    50Fragen zur Ikonographie des Grabherrn in der 5. Dynastie des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1995
    51Geburtsschrein und Geburtshaus Altenmüller, Hartwig 1996
    52Le maître du tombeau en tant qu'Horus fils d'Osiris Altenmüller, Hartwig 1996
    52aDer Grabherr des Alten Reiches als Horus, Sohn des Osiris. Überlegungen zum Sinn der Grabdarstellungen des Alten Reiches in Ägypten Altenmüller, Hartwig 1996
    53Zu Isis und Osiris Altenmüller, Hartwig 1996
    54Das präsumtive Begräbnis des Siptah Altenmüller, Hartwig 1996
    55Der Grabherr des Alten Reiches in seinem Palast des Jenseits. Bemerkungen zur sog. Prunkscheintür des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 1997
    56Auferstehungsritual und Geburtsmythos Altenmüller, Hartwig 1997
    57Zwei Stiftungen von Tempelbauten im Ostdelta und in Herakleopolis Magna durch Amenemhet II. Altenmüller, Hartwig 1998
    58Maneros - Trinkspruch oder Klagelied? Altenmüller, Hartwig 1998
    59Die Nachtfahrt des Grabherrn im Alten Reich. Zur Frage der Schiffe mit Igelkopfbug Altenmüller, Hartwig 2000
    60Etappen des Mythos: Vom Ikon zum Epitheton, vom Epitheton zum Götternamen Altenmüller, Hartwig 2000
    61Die Mumienhülle des Chonsu-maacheru Altenmüller, Hartwig 2001
    62Lederbänder und Lederanhänger von der Mumie des Chonsu-maacheru Altenmüller, Hartwig 2001
    63Die Mumienbinden des Chonsu-maacheru Altenmüller, Hartwig 2001
    64Die Papyri des Museums für Völkerkunde Hamburg (C 3835 und C 3836) Altenmüller, Hartwig 2001
    65Funerary boats and boat pits of the Old Kingdom Altenmüller, Hartwig 2002
    66Seschat Jrj und Sdm als Garanten einer glücklichen Regierungszeit Altenmüller, Hartwig 2002
    67Der Himmelsaufstieg des Grabherrn. Zu den Szenen des zšš wad den Gräbern des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 2002
    68Tausrets Weg zum Königtum Altenmüller, Hartwig 2003
    69„Wasservögel sollen zu dir kommen zu Tausenden." Aspekte der Fisch- und Vogeljagd im Papyrusdickicht Altenmüller, Hartwig 2005
    71Eine Stiftungsurkunde für die Opferversorgung des Grabherrn? Zum Bild des Grabherrn an der Staffelei Altenmüller, Hartwig 2005
    72Fisch und Vogel für den Grabherrn Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    73Presenting the ndt-hr-offerings to the tomb owner Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    74Aspekte des Grabgedankens in der Dekoration von drei Grabanlagen des Alten Reiches Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    75Der „Liturgische Papyrus" des Chonsu-maacheru im Museum für Völkerkunde in Hamburg (Pap. Hamburg MVK C 3835) Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    76„Ich habe die Maat getan und bin auf ihrem Weg gegangen". Zum Hamburger Totenbuchpapyrus C 3836 Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    77Der König als Vogelfänger und Fischer (nbty wh) - Zu frühen Belegen eines traditionellen Motivs Altenmüller, Hartwig 2008
    78Ein Skarabäus mit Seligpreisung aus einer Hamburger Privatsammlung Altenmüller, Hartwig 2008
    79Family, ancestor cult and some observations on the chronology of the late fifth dynasty Altenmüller, Hartwig 2008
    80Biographien und Domanennamen Altenmüller, Hartwig 2006
    81Väter, Brüder und Götter - Bemerkungen zur Szene der Ubergabe der Lotosblüte Altenmüller, Hartwig 2008
    82Die Wandlungen des Sem-Priesters im Mundöffnungsritual Altenmüller, Hartwig 2009
    83Trauer um den guten Hirten Altenmüller, Hartwig 2009
    84Gott und Götter im alten Ägypten. Gedanken zur persönlichen Frömmigkeit Altenmüller, Hartwig 2009
    85Acht Fragmente von Mumienbinden der Tascheritentnaret aus Abusir el Meleq Altenmüller, Hartwig 2009
    87Totenliturgie und Mundöffnungsritual. Bemerkungen zur vermuteten «Vision von der Statue im Stein» Altenmüller, Hartwig 2010
    88Bemerkungen zum Ostfeldzug Ptolemaios' III. nach Babylon und in die Susiana im Jahre 246/245 Altenmüller, Hartwig 2010
    89Seschat, ‘die den Leichnam versorgt’, als Herrin über Vergangenheit und Geschichte Altenmüller, Hartwig 2010
    90Verstümmelte Opferträger auf einem Relief aus Abusir Altenmüller, Hartwig 2011
    91Die Fiktion von Sethnacht als Sohn von Sethos II. Altenmüller, Hartwig 2011

    Schriften von Horst Beinlich Online

    Schriften von Horst Beinlich
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Noch einmal zu Horus Mati im 10. o.äg. Gau Beinlich, Horst 1977
    2Horus-Schu im 10.o.äg. Gau ? Beinlich, Horst 1978
    3Ein altägyptischer Räucherarm in Heidelberg. Beinlich, Horst 1978
    4Die Nilquellen nach Herodot Beinlich, Horst 1979
    5Die spezifischen Opfer der oberägyptischen Gaue Beinlich, Horst 1979
    6Der König vor den Gaugöttern Ägyptens in einer Darstellung aus der 18. Dynastie Beinlich, Horst 1980
    7Ein Morgenlied an Osiris aus dem Hathor Tempel von Dendera Beinlich, Horst 1980
    8Zur Deutung der sogenannten Osirisreliquien Beinlich, Horst 1982
    8, 20Ägyptische Wortliste Hoffmann, Friedhelm ; Beinlich, Horst 1994
    9Osiris in Byblos? Beinlich, Horst 1983
    10Konkordanz der Tutanchamun-Kataloge Beinlich, Horst 1984
    11Verzeichnis der Zitate in H. Junker „Grammatik der Denderatexte“ Beinlich, Horst 1984
    12Der Moeris-See nach Herodot Beinlich, Horst 1987
    13Das Iteru-Maß nach dem „Buch vom Fayum" Beinlich, Horst 1987
    14Das Totenbuch bei Tutanchamun Beinlich, Horst 1988
    15Fragmente dreier geographischer Listen Beinlich, Horst 1988
    16Spätzeitquellen zu den Gauen Oberägyptens Beinlich, Horst 1989
    17Spätzeitquellen zu den Gauen Unterägyptens Beinlich, Horst 1990
    18Bemerkungen zum Schabaka-Stein Beinlich, Horst 1991
    19Eine Stele des Nebseni und des Sobekmose von er-Rizeikat Beinlich, Horst 1992
    21Zwei Osirishymnen in Dendera Beinlich, Horst 1995
    22Ein Fragment des Buches vom Fayum (W/P) in Berlin Beinlich, Horst 1996
    23Hieratische Fragmente des „Buches vom Fayum" und ein Nachtrag zu BF Carlsberg Beinlich, Horst 1997
    25Drei weitere hieratische Fragmente des „Buches vom Fayum“ und Überlegungen zur Meßbarkeit der Unterwelt Beinlich, Horst 1999
    26Carte geografiche, elenchi topografici, processioni, testi di esecrazione Beinlich, Horst 2001
    27Athanasius Kircher und die Kenntnis vom Alten Ägypten Beinlich, Horst 2002
    28Kircher und Ägypten. Information aus zweiter Hand: Tito Livio Burattini Beinlich, Horst 2002
    31Fragmente eines Opferständers aus dem Tempel von el-Hibe Beinlich, Horst 2005
    32Zwischen Tod und Grab: Tutanchamun und das Begräbnisritual Beinlich, Horst 2006
    45Horus von Edfu in Philae Beinlich, Horst 2008
    46Der Paraschist bei Diodor und im Papyrus Jumilhac Beinlich, Horst 2009
    49Was verdankt die Ägyptologie Athanasius Kircher? Beinlich, Horst 2010
    50Das Wiener Relief L1 Beinlich, Horst 2010
    51The Book of the Faiyum Beinlich, Horst 2013
    52Von der Spitze zur Basis Beinlich, Horst 2011
    53Götter, Tiere, Statuetten Beinlich, Horst 2013
    55Das Buch vom Fayum Beinlich, Horst 2014
    57Leuchtfeuer/Signalfeuer Beinlich, Horst 2015
    58Das Buch vom Fayum. Fragmente aus der Wiener Sammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek Beinlich, Horst 2015

    Schriften von Wolfgang Schenkel Online

    Schriften von Wolfgang Schenkel
    Propylaeum-DOK – Digital Repository Classical Studies
    1Frühmittelägyptische Studien Schenkel, Wolfgang 1962
    2Direkter und indirekter „Genitiv“ Schenkel, Wolfgang 1962
    3Beiträge zur mittelägyptischen Syntax Schenkel, Wolfgang 1962
    4Die Farben in ägyptischer Kunst und Sprache Schenkel, Wolfgang 1963
    5Notes sur la transmission de l’autobiographie traditionelle Schenkel, Wolfgang 1963
    6Zum Feudalismus der ersten Zwischenzeit Ägyptens Schenkel, Wolfgang 1964
    7„Nie kam ein Mißgeschick über mich" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1964
    8Eine neue Weisheitslehre? Schenkel, Wolfgang 1964
    9Memphis, Herakleopolis, Theben: die epigraphischen Zeugnisse der 7. - 11. Dynastie Ägyptens Schenkel, Wolfgang 1965
    10Grundformen mittelägyptischer Sätze anhand der Sinuhe-Erzählung Schenkel, Wolfgang 1965
    11„Singularisches" und „pluralisches" Partizip Schenkel, Wolfgang 1965
    12Die Wurzel bnj „süß" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1965
    13Beiträge zur mittelägyptischen Syntax Schenkel, Wolfgang 1966
    14Die mittelägyptischen Nisben als Nuklei in präpositionaler, limitierender und Genitiv Relation Schenkel, Wolfgang 1966
    15Die Numeri des Substantivs und die Konstruktion der Zahlwörter im Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1966
    16Das Präpositional- und Adverbialattribut des älteren Ägyptisch, eine Apokoinu-Konstruktion Schenkel, Wolfgang 1966
    17Die Konversion, ein Epiphänomen der kemischen (ägyptisch-koptischen) Sprachgeschichte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1966
    18Antizipation innerhalb der Wortgruppe und die sog. Badalapposition im Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1967
    19Beiträge zur mittelägyptischen Syntax Schenkel, Wolfgang 1967
    20Adversarien zu Attribut, Apposition und Genitiv-Relation des Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1967
    21Wortakzent und Silbenstruktur im Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1968
    22Syntagmen mit infiniten Verbalformen als Transformate von Sätzen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1968
    24Beiträge zur mittelägyptischen Syntax. V. Sätze mit (festem) Verbum in der Suffixkonjugation oder im Imperativ Schenkel, Wolfgang 1969
    25Der Computer als Hilfsmittel für die lexikalische und grammatische Beschreibung des Altägyptischen. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1969
    26Groll, Sarah Israelit, Ph. D.: Non-verbal sentence patterns in Late Egyptian. London: Published for the Griffith Institute by the Oxford University Press 1967 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1969
    27Texterschließung mit Hilfe des Systems M.A.A.T. Überblick über die verfügbaren Materialien Schenkel, Wolfgang 1970
    28Das altägyptische Pseudopartizip und das indogermanische Medium/Perfekt Schenkel, Wolfgang 1971
    29Zur Struktur der Hieroglyphenschrift Schenkel, Wolfgang 1971
    30Semiverb, Seminomen und Partikel Schenkel, Wolfgang 1972
    31Zur Fortführung des Projektes M.A.A.T. in Göttingen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1972
    32Meroitisches und Barya-Verb: Versuch einer Bestimmung der Tempusbildung des Meroitischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1972
    33Zur Relevanz der altägyptischen „Metrik" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1972
    34Ein Türsturz von der Grabkapelle des Königs Wah-'nh Antef Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    34aEin chronologischer Fixpunkt für die Kunstgeschichte der zweiten Zwischenzeit Ägyptens: Sbk-m-z̕,w=f Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Sledzianowski, Bernd 1972
    34bHorus „Flügelsonne“, der Superheld Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Sledzianowski, Bernd 1972
    34cGöttinger Konkordanz zu den altägyptischen Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Junge, Friedrich 1972
    35Das Ende des narrativen sDm.t=f. Schlußfolgerungen aus einer Beobachtung J.W.B. Barns’, “Some Readings and Interpretations in Sandry Egyptian Texts”, JEA 58 (1972), 160 f. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    36Zur Struktur des Verbalkomplexes in den Schlußformeln der meroitischen Totentexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    37Zur Funktion der meroitischen Verbalsuffixe -bhê und -(qê)bês Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    38Das Suffix -yês als fakultative morphophonematische Variante des Suffixes -s im Meroitischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    39Ist der Wortschatz des "Lebensmüden" größer als der des "Sinuhe" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    40Formalisierung der ägyptologischen Lexikographie als Voraussetzung und als Ergebnis des Einsatzes von EDV-Anlagen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    41Diskussionsbeiträge Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    41aKonkordanz zu den altägyptischen Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Junge, Friedrich 1973
    42Zur Datierung der "herakleopolitanischen" Keramik aus Sedment Schenkel, Wolfgang 1973
    43Amun-Re. Eine Sondierung zu Struktur und Genese altägyptischer synkretistischer Götter Schenkel, Wolfgang 1974
    44Die Einführung der künstlichen Felderbewässerung im Alten Ägypten (Zusammenfassung der vorläufigen Ergebnisse einer vorbereiteten dokumentierten Darstellung) Schenkel, Wolfgang 1974
    45Mit welchen Zielen man die altägyptische Sprache erforschen sollte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1974
    46Gesichtspunkte für die Neugestaltung der Hieroglyphenliste Schenkel, Wolfgang 1974
    47Neue linguistische Methoden und arbeitstechnische Verfahren in der Erschliessung der ägyptischen Grammatik Schenkel, Wolfgang 1974
    48Die altaegyptische Suffixkonjugation: Theorie der inneraegyptischen Entstehung aus Nomina actionis Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    49Repères chronologiques de l’histoire rédactionelle des coffin texts Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    50Zur Redaktions- und Überlieferungsgeschichte des Spruchs 335 a der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    52Die Bauinschrift Sesostris' I. im Satet-Tempel von Elephantine Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    53Die Gräber des Pa'-tnf-j und eines Unbekannten in der thebanischen Nekropole (Nr. 128 und Nr. 129) Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    54Janssens, Gerard: Contribution to the verbal system in Old Egyptian. A new approach to the reconstruction of the hamito-semitic verbal system. Uitgegeven door de Sektie niet-Westerse filologie bij de fakulteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte. Leuven: Peeters 1972 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1975
    69Polotsky, H.J.: Egyptian tenses. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 1965. 26 S. — The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, II. 5 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1976
    70Davis, Virginia Leo: Syntax of the Negative particles bw and bn in Late Egyptian. München-Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag 1973. VIII, 409 S., 10 Tabellen gr. 8° = Münchner Ägyptiologische Studien, hrsg. v. H. W. Müller, 29. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1976
    71Kultmythos und Märtyrerlegende: zur Kontinuität des ägyptischen Denkens Schenkel, Wolfgang 1977
    72Zur Frage der Vorlagen spätzeitlicher "Kopien" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1977
    73Stricker, B. H.: De geboorte van Horus, I—III. Leiden: Brill 1963, 1968, 1975. 347 S. m. Abb. 4° =Mededelingen en Verhandolingen van het Vooraziatisch-egyptisch Genootschap „Ex Oriente Lux", Memoires de la Societe d'Etudes Orientale „Ex Oriente Lux", XIV, XVII, XVIII. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1977
    74Helck, Wolfgang: Der Text der „Lehre Amenemhets I. für seinen Sohn". Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 1969. IV, 105 S. gr. 8 ° = Kleine ägyptische Texte, hrsg. von W. Helck. -: Die Prophezeiung des Ebd. 1970. IV, 60 S. gr. 8° = Kleine ägyptische Texte. - : Die Lehre des Dwa-Htjj. I. u. II. Ebd. 1970. IV, 166 S. gr. 8 U = Kleine ägyptische Texte. - : Der Text des „Nilhymnus". Ebd. 1972. IV, 87 S. gr. 8° = Kleine ägyptische Texte. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1977
    81Das Stemma der altägyptischen Sonnenlitanei: Grundlegung der Textgeschichte nach der Methode der Textkritik Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    82Zur herakleopolitanischen Tradition der Pyramidentexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    83Kultmythus und Märtyrenlegende Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    84Eine Syntax des klassischen Ägyptisch ohne Verbalsatz Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    85Kritisches zur Textkritik: Die sogenannten Hörfehler Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    86Verbesserungsvorschläge zu A. Erman, Neuägyptische Grammatik, Catalogue of References, bearb. von G.E. Freeman und F.T. Miosi Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    87Infinitiv und Qualitativ des Koptischen als Verbaladverbien oder Die JERNSTEDTsche Regel und die Satzarten des Koptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    88Paul John Frandsen, An outline of the late Egyptian verbal system, Copenhagen 1974 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    89Henry Georges Fischer, Varia I, New York, 1976 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    90Goyon, Jean-Claude, Confirmation du pouvoir royal au nouvel an, Kairo 1972; 1974 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    91Hellmut Brunner: Abriß der mittelägyptischen Grammatik, 2. Aufl. Graz 1967 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1978
    92Kritische Anmerkungen zur Methode der Bestimmung von Lautgesetzen für die Rekonstruktion ägyptischer Nachtonvokale Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    94Übergang zur Hochkultur. Ägypten und Ägyptologie aus der Sicht zweier Schulmänner Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    95Probleme der Ägyptologie Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    96Atlantis: die "namenlose" Insel Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    97Studia Aegyptiaca I: Recueil d’études dédiées à Vilmos Wessetzky à l’occasion de son 65e anniversaire. Budapest 1974 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    98Callender, John B., Middle Egyptian, Malibu 1975 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    99Carleton T. Hodge, Ritual and Writing. An Inquiry into the Origin of Egyptian Script, Lisse 1975 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1979
    101Weiteres zum Stemma der Sonnenlitanei Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    102Architektonische Struktur versus kultische Funktion: Zur Analyse altägyptischer Architektur Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    103Thesen zum ägyptischen Sprachunterricht Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    104Englund, Gertie, Introduction to Pharaonic Egyptian, Uppsala 1975 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    105Kees, Hermann, Das alte Ägypten. Eine kleine Landeskunde, Berlin 1977 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    106Hornung, Erik u. Elisabeth Staehelin, Skarabäen und andere Siegelamulette aus Basler Sammlungen, Mainz 1976 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1980
    115sdm=f und sdm.w=f als Prospektivformen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1981
    116Die Göttinger und Tübinger Konkordanz zu den altägyptischen Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1981
    117D(j.y)-anch „mit Leben beschenkt“ als grammatische Konstruktion Schenkel, Wolfgang 1981
    118Rebus-, Buchstabiersilben- und Konsonantenschrift. Präzisierungen zur Gelbschen Interpretation der altägyptischen Hieroglyphenschrift als einer Silbenschrift Schenkel, Wolfgang 1981
    119Kees, Hermann, Der Götterglaube im alten Ägypten, Berlin 1977 ; Totenglauben und Jenseitsvorstellungen der alten Ägypter, Berlin 1977 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1981
    122Eine Konkordanz zu den altägyptischen Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1982
    129Aus der Arbeit an einer Konkordanz zu den altaegyptischen Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    130Zur Rekonstruktion der deverbalen Nominalbildung des Aegyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    131Soziale Gleichheit und soziale Ungleichheit und die ägyptische Religion Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    132Ylantis! Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    133Über hieroglyphische Orthographie Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    134Wozu die Ägypter eine Schrift brauchten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    135Henry George Fischer, Egyptian Studies, II. The Orientation of Hieroglyphs, New York 1977 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    136Écritures. Systèmes idéographiques et pratiques expressives, Actes du colloque international de l’Université de Paris VII, Paris 1982 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1983
    138Weiteres zur Transkription des Hieroglyphisch-Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1984
    139Fokussierung. Über die Reihenfolge von Subjekt und Prädikat im klassisch-ägyptischen Nominalsatz Schenkel, Wolfgang 1984
    140Weiteres zur Transkription des Hieroglyphisch-Ägyptischen II Schenkel, Wolfgang 1984
    141Weiteres zur Transkription des Hieroglyphisch-Ägyptischen III Schenkel, Wolfgang 1984
    142Sonst - Jetzt. Variationen eines literarischen Formelements Schenkel, Wolfgang 1984
    147aal-Köm al-aHmar / Särüna 1984 Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Brinks, Jürgen ; Dittmar, Johanna ; Gomaà, Farouk ; Jürgens, Peter 1984
    148za.t "Kindchen", ta.t "Jüngchen" Schenkel, Wolfgang 1985
    149Weiteres zur Transkription des Hieroglyphisch-Ägyptischen IV Schenkel, Wolfgang 1985
    150"Spezifizität" — der Schlüssel zum ägyptisch-koptischen Nominalsatz ? Schenkel, Wolfgang 1985
    151Zur Verbalflexion der Pyramidentexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1985
    154B.H. Stricker, De geboorte van Horus, IV, Leiden 1982 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1985
    155aal-Köm al-aHmar / Särüna Schenkel, Wolfgang ; Brinks, Jürgen ; Gomaà, Farouk ; Israel,, Andrea ; Jürgens, Peter 1985
    157Das Wort für „König (von Oberägypten)“ Schenkel, Wolfgang 1986
    163Königsmutter Nfr.w: Phantom oder Realität Schenkel, Wolfgang 1987
    164Über den Umgang mit Quellen: al-Kōm al-Ahmar/ Šārūna Schenkel, Wolfgang 1987
    165Zur Struktur des dreigliedrigen Nominalsatzes mit der Satzteilfolge Subjekt – Prädikat im Ägyptischen (mit disproportionalen Bemerkungen zu einigen Pyramidentext-Stellen, insbesondere zu Pyr. § 131 a - d) Schenkel, Wolfgang 1987
    166Brigitte Altenmüller, Synkretismus in den Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1987
    167Erkundungen zur Reihenfolge der Zeichen im ägyptologischen Transkriptionsalphabet Schenkel, Wolfgang 1988
    168Aktuelle Perspektiven der ägyptischen Grammatik Schenkel, Wolfgang 1988
    169Éric Doret, The narrative verbal system of Old and Middle Egyptian, 1986 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1988
    172Sprachforschung und Textquellen, Integrierte Datenverarbeitung als konkrete Utopie Schenkel, Wolfgang 1989
    175Tübinger Einführung in die klassisch-ägyptische Sprache und Schrift Schenkel, Wolfgang 1991
    176Hamm. M 191, 6: Ein Vorschlag zur Güte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1992
    177Jan Assmann, Ma'at. Gerechtigkeit und Unsterblichkeit im Alten Ägypten, München 1990 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1992
    178Vernus, Pascal, Future at issue. Tense, mood and aspect in Middle Egyptian: Studies in syntax and semantics, New Haven 1990 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1992
    180Zu den Verschluß- und Reibelauten im Ägyptischen und (Hamito)Semitischen. Ein Versuch zur Synthese der Lehrmeinungen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1993
    184Zur Formenbildung des Verbs im Neuägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    185Les systèmes d’irrigation dans l’Egypte ancienne et leurs genèse Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    186Das Tübinger Konkordanz-Programm Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    187Wörterbuch vs. Textkorpus oder: Wie und ob man überhaupt ein Wörterbuch machen kann Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    188ścm.t-Perfekt und ścm.tỉ-Stativ: Die beiden Pseudopartizipien des Ägyptischen nach dem Zeugnis der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    189Die ägyptische Hieroglyphenschrift und ihre Weiterentwicklungen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    190Vycichl, Werner: La vocalisation de la langue egyptienne. 1: La phonetique. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1994
    191Zur Typologie des Felsfassadengrabes Schenkel, Wolfgang 1995
    193Säve-Söderbergh, Torgny: The Old Kingdom cemetery at Hamra Dom (El-Qasr wa es-Saiyad) Schenkel, Wolfgang 1995
    194"Living in the past"? Schenkel, Wolfgang 1996
    195Eine Konkordanz zu den Sargtexten und die Graphien der 1. Person Singular, Schenkel, Wolfgang 1996
    196Ägyptische Literatur und ägyptologische Forschung: Eine wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Einleitung, Schenkel, Wolfgang 1996
    197Karl Jansen-Winkeln:Text und Sprache in der 3. Zwischenzeit. Vorarbeiten zu einer spätmittelägyptischen Grammatik. Ägypten und Altes Testament, 26. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 1994. Schenkel, Wolfgang 1996
    199Ägyptisch-Koptisch: Einfahren einer linguistischen Ernte Schenkel, Wolfgang 1997
    200Wie das ägyptische Labyrinth zu seinem Namen kam Schenkel, Wolfgang 1997
    201Warum die Gefährten des Odysseus nach dem Genuß von Lotos die Rückkehr vergaßen Schenkel, Wolfgang 1998
    202Standardtheorie und invertierte Standardtheorie Schenkel, Wolfgang 1998
    203Graphien der 1. Person Plural mit Personendeterminativ in den Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1998
    204Warum geht die Ägyptologie ins Internet? Schenkel, Wolfgang 1998
    205ś-Kausativa, t-Kausativa und „innere" Kausativa. Die ś-Kausativa der Verben Lś in den Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    206"Littérature et politique" Fragestellung oder Antwort? Zwei Diskussionsbeiträge Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    207 *muẖn̆ t „Fähre". Die Graphie mw des Nominalbildungspräfixes mw̥ in den Sargtexten, Schreiberlaune und Indiz für die Vokalisation Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    208Haplographie von t als scheinbares morphologisches Indiz. Die Tilgung des Phonogramms t in Tabuschreibungen für das eigene Sterben und für Totengeister (Befunde der Sargtexte) Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    209Textdatenbanken und/als virtuelle Wörterbücher Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    210Ockinga, Boyo, Mittelägyptische Grundgrammatik, Mainz 1998 Schenkel, Wolfgang 1999
    213Die Endungen des Negativkomplements im Spiegel der Befunde der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 2000
    214Die Endungen des Prospektivs und des Subjunktivs (scm=f, scm.w=f, scmy=f) nach Befunden der Sargtexte. Mit einem Anhang zum prospektiven Partizip scm.t(i)=f(i) Schenkel, Wolfgang 2000
    215Unterrichtsbehelfe und linguistische Theoriebildung in der Vermittlung der klassisch-ägyptischen Grammatik Schenkel, Wolfgang 2001
    217Glottalisierte Verschlußlaute, glottaler Verschlußlaut und ein pharyngaler Reibelaut im Koptischen. Rückschlüsse aus den ägyptisch-koptischen Lehnwörtern und Ortsnamen im Ägyptisch-Arabischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 2002
    218Ägyptisch wnm „essen". Zur Interpretation der Graphien Schenkel, Wolfgang 2002
    219Zur Formenbildung des prädikativen scm=f der Verben II.gem., vornehmlich nach dem Zeugnis der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 2002
    220Ramses: Die Erfindung einer Graphie in der Nacherzählung der Entzifferungsgeschichte der Hieroglyphen Schenkel, Wolfgang 2002
    222Überlegungen zur XML-Notation ägyptischer Texte, Problemstellung und Lösungsansätze am Beispiel der Übersetzung des Tübinger Sargtextkorpus in XML-Notation Schenkel, Wolfgang 2003
    223Die Enträtselung der ägyptischen Sprache Schenkel, Wolfgang 2003
    225Das scm(.w)=f-Passiv, Perfekt vs. Futur, nach dem Zeugnis der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 2004
    226Ramses, Ptolemaios und die Sprache der Hieroglyphen: Noch einmal zur Nacherzählung der Entzifferungsgeschichte der Hieroglyphen Schenkel, Wolfgang 2004
    227Ramses, Thutmosis und Henry Salt Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    228aScharuna I: der Grabungsplatz, die Nekropole, Gräber aus der Alten-Reichs-Nekropole Schenkel, Wolfgang 2004
    228bDas (scm.w iv)=f-Passiv, Perfekt vs. Futur, nach dem Zeugnis der Sargtexte. (2. Teil) Schenkel, Wolfgang 0205
    230„(Sich) fernhalten“ und dergleichen in den Sargtexten Schenkel, Wolfgang 2005
    231Die ägyptische Nominalbildungslehre und die Realität der hieroglyphischen Graphien der Sargtexte. Die Nominalbildungsklassen A I 5 und A I 6 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2005
    232Hartwig Altenmüller, Einführung in die Hieroglyphenschrift, Hamburg 2005 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2005
    233Ist „Mythos" ein griechisches Lehnwort aus dem Ägyptischen? Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    234Ein vermeintlicher Sonderfall der agenslosen Relativkonstruktion Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    235Bruch und Aufbruch. Adolf Erman und die Geschichte der Ägyptologie Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    236Atlantis, Labyrinthos: Statt einer Fußnote Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    237Von der Morphologie zur Syntax und zurück Schenkel, Wolfgang 2006
    238rci+Pseudopartizip – eine nach-klassische Konstruktion? Schenkel, Wolfgang 2007
    239Color terms in ancient Egyptian and Coptic Schenkel, Wolfgang 2007
    240Die Partikel ỉw und die Intuition des Interpreten Randbemerkungen zu Antonio Loprieno, „On fuzzy boundaries in Egyptian syntax\" Schenkel, Wolfgang 2007
    242Substantiv / Selbständiges Personalpronomen + enklitisches Personalpronomen, eine grammatische Konstruktion des älteren Ägyptisch? Schenkel, Wolfgang 2008
    243Kann in Abhängigkeit von rci „veranlassen“ ein passivischer Prospektiv stehen? Schenkel, Wolfgang 2008
    244Die ägyptische Nominalbildungslehre und die Realität der hieroglyphischen Graphien der Sargtexte II. Weitere Nominalbildungsklassen mit einer Endung -w/y/i (A II 5-10, A III 4-6 und A I 7/8/10) Schenkel, Wolfgang 2008
    245Kevin J. CATHCART, The Correspondence of Edward Hincks. Edited by... Vol. I (1818-1849). Dublin, University College Dublin Press, 2007 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2008
    246Prädikatives und abstrakt-relativisches scm.n=f, Beobachtungen an den Verben II.gem. und ult.n im Korpus der Sargtexte Schenkel, Wolfgang 2009
    247Zur Silbenstruktur des Ägyptischen Schenkel, Wolfgang 2009
    248Die Cleresche Relativform Schenkel, Wolfgang 2010
    249Hartwig Altenmüller, Einführung in die Hieroglyphenschrift, 2., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, Hamburg 2010 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2010
    250Merkmalloses versus pluralisches/distributives/intensives Partizip. Kritik der Ausgangsbeobachtungen Schenkel, Wolfgang 2011
    252Da capo: Zur Formenbildung des Präteritums scm=f/rci=f der Verben Schenkel, Wolfgang 2012
    253Mittelägyptische Grammatik: Von den Texten zu den Texten Schenkel, Wolfgang 2012
    255Wie ikonisch ist die altägyptische Schrift? Schenkel, Wolfgang 2011
    256Hanna Jenni, Lehrbuch der klassisch-ägyptischen Sprache, Basel 2010 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2011
    257Die Entzifferung der Hieroglyphen und Karl Richard Lepsius Schenkel, Wolfgang 2012
    257The decipherment of hieroglyphs and Richard Lepsius Schenkel, Wolfgang 2012
    265Ugarit – Agurit. Warum der Ägypter die Silbenfolge Cu – Ca als unangenehm empfand Schenkel, Wolfgang 2013
    267James P. Allen, The Ancient Egyptian language. An historical study, Cambridge 2013 Schenkel, Wolfgang 2013
    268Syntax und Sinnzusammenhang. Emphatische Konstruktion, Rang-V-Erweiterung und anderes mehr Schenkel, Wolfgang 2014

    The Archaeology News Network

    4000-year-old red granite lintel discovered at Egypt's Herakleopolis Magna

    The Spanish Archaeological Mission of the National Archaeological Museum in Madrid, has discovered a large lintel of red granite during excavations in the temple of Heryshef at the Herakleopolis Magna archaeological site, in Ihnasya el-Medina in the Beni Suef governorate. Dr. Mahmoud Afifi, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities, who announced the discovery, said the lintel is engraved with two...

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    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: The Petronian Society Newsletter

    [First posted in AWOL 11 March 2013, updated 26 May 2017 (new URLs)]

    The Petronian Society Newsletter
    Welcome to the website of the Petronian Society Newsletter.
    From this volume on, PSN will be published in PDF format. If you click on the link below, PSN will be opened in your Acrobat Reader.
    Previous volumes are available as follows:
    Volumes 31-37 Volume 31-37 are published in html-format (as websites). Please follow the links below to find them.

    Volumes 1 and 26-30
    Volumes 1 and 26-30, also published in html-format, used to be available  at
    a website maintained by Jean Alvares. This link, however, didn't work anymore on 6 February 2015.
    Volumess 2-25
    Volumes 2-25 used to be available as scans, also published by Jean Alvares. Follow the link above, and then find the link to the scans; or follow this direct link to the scans: This link, however, didn't work anymore on 6 February 2015.

    The Archaeology News Network

    How dinosaurs may have evolved into birds

    Tohoku University researchers and their international collaborators have identified a possible genetic mechanism underlying the evolution of birds, according to a recently published study in Nature Communications. Microraptor [Credit: Utako Kikutani]Studies of dinosaur fossils that show bird-like traits, such as feathers, light bones, air sacs and three-digit forelimbs, clarified the evolutionary kinship of birds and dinosaurs....

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    Byzantine sarcophagus seized from treasure hunters in central Turkey

    Twelve treasure hunters have been detained in the Central Anatolian province of Eskişehir after attempting to sell an ancient tomb with cross motif for $4 million.  Teams from the provincial Gendarmerie Command Department of the Anti-Smuggling and Organized Crime Bureau made the arrests after posing as buyers. After the arrest, the tomb was unearthed from a six-meter-long and four-meter-deep tunnel with the help of municipal...

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    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Henge Monument and Mysterious Burials Uncovered in England

    A 4,000-year-old henge monument, containing five well-preserved human burials, has been discovered...

    AIA Fieldnotes

    In the shadow of the Empire

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Muzeum T. G. M. Rakovnik
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 9:00am to 5:00pm

    In autumn 2017 Muzeum T. G. M. Rakovnik will prepare an exhibition about the Germanic settlement in the Rakovnik´s region during the Roman period since the 1st till the end of the 4th century BC. Several very precious finds of the Germanic objects and Roman imports from the excavations in the Czech republic deposited in the National museum will be presented too. During the IAD the commented tours of the exhibition will be prepared and the Roman soldiers from the Legio X Gemina Pia Fidelis will present the military training and some shows of the equipment and fights.


    Katerina Blazkova
    Call for Papers: 

    The Archaeology News Network

    US returns stolen archaeological artefacts to Italy

    The United States on Thursday returned to Italy stolen artefacts worth at least $90,000, dating back as far as the 8th century BC but looted and trafficked overseas, officials said. A Greek bronze Herakles holding the horn of Achelous, dating to the 3rd or 4th century BC,  and valued at $12,500 [Credit: AFP]The items include a Sardinian bronze ox and Sardinian bronze warrior from the 8th century BC, a Greek bronze Heracles from...

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    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    A fragment of Bede’s “De ratione temporum” from his own lifetime?

    Here’s a fun item!  Inside the binding of a book, somebody found a really early fragment of a manuscript of Bede’s De ratione temporum.  (This is the only work which mentions “Eostre”, and includes all his calculations of dates and events.)

    Even more fun – it’s online in a nice high-resolution image at Darmstadt!  It can be found here, where it is manuscript 4262.  The piece originates at Wearmouth – i.e. in Bede’s own monastery – around 725, in his own lifetime.

    It’s amazing to consider that Bede may have seen this being copied!

    But there is more.  This is a chunk of chapter 27, De magnitudine, vel defectu solis et lunae, as you may verify from this old edition here.  In this passage, he quotes Pliny the Elder book 37.  You can see the red heading of Bede’s chapter in the left hand column; and the name of “Plinius” on the third line underneath.

    Here’s one side of the folium:

    And here’s the other (which plainly needs a bit of work with a graphics tool):

    Here’s some of the Latin text:

    De magnitudine, vel defectu solis, sive lunae, Plinius secundus in opere pulcherrimo naturalis historiae ita describit: Manifestum est solem interventu lunas occultari, lunamque terrae objectu, ac vices reddi, eosdem solis radios luna interpositu suo auferente terrae, terraeque lunae.

    The “eosdem solis radios luna” is particularly clear in the right-hand column, two lines down.

    Here’s the same bit in the Liverpool University translation by Faith Wallis, p.78-79:

    Pliny relates the following information concerning the size or eclipse of the Sun and Moon in that most delightful book, the Natural History: “It is obvious that the Sun is obscured by the intervention of the Moon, and the Moon by the interposition of the Earth, and each affects the other. The Moon takes away by its interposition the very same rays of the Sun which the Earth takes away from the Moon.”

    Isn’t it amazing that a page of a copy contemporary with the author, and from the same monastery, is still extant?  It does demonstrate the importance of looking in these 16th century bindings.

    Well done Darmstadt, for making that accessible online!  (They ask that I mention their reference of urn:nbn:de:tuda-tudigit-51806)

    AIA Fieldnotes

    Monticello Archaeology Open House

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Thomas Jefferson Foundation/Monticello
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am to 4:00pm

    Help celebrate Virginia Archaeology Month! Monticello’s Archaeology Department hosts its annual open house, featuring displays and exhibits on recent discoveries in the field and the lab, as well as walking tours of the vanished Monticello Plantation landscape. Archaeology staff members will be on hand to answer questions. Displays and exhibits are found in the Woodland Pavilion and the Visitors Center. Free · 10:00 am—4:00 pm. Walking Tours leave the Woodland Pavilion at 11:00 am, 1:00 pm, and 3:00 pm.


    Beatrix Arendt
    Call for Papers: 

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    Votive Reliefs in the Agora: An Interview with Carol L. Lawton

    An interview with Carol L. Lawton about the newest volume in our Athenian Agora series.

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    The awful history of Brockelmann’s GAL (and why it is in the state it is)

    Six years ago, I wrote a post in which I roundly attacked Brockelmann’s Geschichte der arabischen Literatur for its copious failings.  Today I discovered online a piece which explained exactly why it is the mess it is.

    Would you believe: it’s because of German copyright law?

    The article that I found by Jan Just Witkam, “Brockelmann’s Geschichte revisited”, turns out to be the preface to a 1996 reprint of Brockelmann.  The story is rather a racy one!

    Carl Brockelmann had always wanted to publish an updated reprint of the first edition of GAL. Alongside his numerous other activities he had recorded additions and corrections in his interleaved copy of the edition of 1898-1902. That first edition was published by E. Felber, a small publisher in Weimar and later in Berlin. He had agreed to publish Brockelmann’s edition of Ibn Qutayba’s ‘Uyun al-Akhbar on the condition that he would have the right to publish another work by Brockelmann which would yield him more profit than Ibn Qutayba. Brockelmann agreed and offered him his GAL, a project about which he had already been thinking for quite a while. This decision would have far-reaching consequences for generations of students of Arabic literature. Felber proved to be a crook and Brockelmann was not his first or only victim. When the typesetting and printing of half of the first volume of Ibn Qutayba’s text had been completed, the work was stopped and Felber disappeared. Some time later he re-emerged and fulfilled his engagements albeit in a reduced form, restricting the publication to four volumes, whereas Brockelmann had had ten volumes in mind. Brockelmann was forced to pay if he wanted the work to proceed, a classic trick. To appease Brockelmann’s anger for a while Felber gave him a typewriter, his first. Brockelmann grudgingly accepted it. GAL, which in the contract with Felber was Brockelmann’s subsidy to finance the Ibn Qutayba edition, was printed more or less simultaneously with the Ibn Qutayba edition, but instead of the one thousand copies which he was allowed to produce. Felber had three thousand copies printed, thereby cashing in for himself on a possible second and third edition. Three thousand copies is quite exceptional for any Orientalist publication where print runs usually do not exceed a few hundred copies. But there was more mishap to come. During several involuntary peregrinations. Felber (who was always on the run from his creditors and authors) had lost part of his stock, the printed sheets of about half of the second volume of GAL. Complete copies of GAL. became a rare item and it took a long time before Felber made a photographic reprint of those lost sheets. GAL thereby became a work that, for many years, one could only procure through the antiquarian book trade, if at all. Later on. it was also Felber who hindered the publication of a new edition, since he had so much old stock left. Recourse to juridical action by Brockelmann was to no avail. The German copyright law apparently could not be applied. The book was considered a commodity that, once sold, transferred ownership. The author, who in such a situation was considered to be the former owner, could never again exercise a right to his work. The only way to regain the rights on the book was if someone was to buy the entire remaining stock. During Felber’s lifetime this proved to be impossible, and also after Felber’s death the successors to his estate asked such an extravagant price for the remaining copies of GAL that this possibility proved to be impractical.

    Brockelmann then found the director of Brill’s of Leiden, Mr. Th. Folkers, ready to publish the additional data in three supplementary volumes, which appeared between 1937-1942. In order to maintain the connection between the original two volumes and the three supplements, the page-numbers of the original edition were constantly referred to. At the end of each supplementary volume, additions and corrections to the original edition were included. The indexes in the third supplement had references to both the original two volumes of 1898-1902 and the three newly published supplements.

    It was only after the publication of the third supplementary volume that it became possible for Brill’s to acquire the rights to the original work. Then nothing stood in the way of an updated second edition of the two original volumes. With ample reference to the supplementary volumes these were published in 1943-1949.

    The pagination of the first edition of GAL had been the source of reference for the supplementary volumes and they had been included in the indexes of the supplements. Now, in the new edition of the two original volumes, it was to be that same, old, pagination that would be used. This is why the new edition of the two original volumes has the page-numbers of the first edition retained in the margins. And it is to those marginal page numbers that the indexes of the entire new set refer. It is all perfectly logical if one takes the printing history of the book into account, but for the newly initiated bibliographer it is a source of bewilderment and confusion.  The use of the marginal page-numbers is, therefore, not just an innocent peculiarity in which Carl Brockelmann indulged, but a complication imposed upon each and every user of the book, now and in the future.

    As I have commented before, German copyright law is a menace.  It is a menace because it appears to be drafted entirely with the interests of publishers in mind, and with no regard to the public interest.   The dominance of Germany in the EU means that this evil system has been exported throughout that unhappy region.

    We still need an English language translation of Brockelmann.  But who would do it?  And who, given the copyright nasties, could do it?

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Earliest evidence for dog breeding found on remote Siberian island

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    Ancient DNA evidence shows hunter-gatherers and farmers were intimately linked

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    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Bulletin of British Byzantine Studies (BBBS)

    Bulletin of British Byzantine Studies (BBBS)
    ISSN: 0265-1629
    This is published each year in March, and is an invaluable record – provided by SPBS members – of activities over the previous year. Guidelines for the presentation of contributions are available here.
    The annual deadline is 31 December. 

    Recent issues of BBBS are available to download.

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Ancient tomb seized from treasure hunters in central Turkey

    Twelve treasure hunters have been detained in the Central Anatolian province of Eskişehir after...

    Compitum - événements (tous types)

    10th Annual International Conference on Literature

    Titre: 10th Annual International Conference on Literature
    Lieu: Athens Institute For Education and Research / Athènes
    Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
    Date: 05.06.2017 - 08.06.2017
    Heure: 14.30 h - 16.30 h

    Information signalée par Francoise Lecocq

    10th Annual International Conference on Literature


    LUNDI 5 JUIN 2017


    - Rongnyu CHEN, Beijing Language and Culture University : "Ancient Greek Tragedy in China: Focusing on Adaptation and Performance from Chinese Traditional Operas"

    - Paola PARTENZA, University of Chieti-Pescara : "The Hero‟s Suffering: Ulysses‟ Melancholia"

    - Tatiana TSAKIROPOULOU-SUMMERS, University of Alabama : "Pericles‟ Citizenship Law and Mythical Justification of Women‟s Political Exclusion"

    - Kaarina REIN, University of Tartu, Estonia : "Nikolai Baturin‟s Novel "Kentaur" Connecting Ancient Myths and Problems of the 21st Century"



    - Claudia TEIXEIRA, University of Évora, Portugal : "Oedipus‟ Myth in a new Context: The Recreation by Armando Nascimento Rosa
    - Francoise LECOCQ, Universiy of Caen Normandy : "The Myth of the Phoenix in Children's Literature, Cartoons, and Movies"



    Lieu de la manifestation : ATHENES
    Organisation : Athens Institute For Education and Research (ATINER)
    Contact : info[at]

    De Roma a la cultura digital: 2000 años de Ovidio

    Titre: De Roma a la cultura digital: 2000 años de Ovidio
    Lieu: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela / Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle
    Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
    Date: 20.06.2017 - 22.06.2017
    Heure: 17.00 h - 19.00 h

    Information signalée par Cecilia Criado

    De Roma a la cultura digital: 2000 años de Ovidio

    Fechas de celebración: 20, 21 y 22 de junio
    Dirección: Fátima Díez Platas / Cecilia Criado Boado
    Secretaría: Patricia Meilán Jácome / Miriam Sánchez López
    Lugar de celebración: Salón de Grados – Facultad de Filología (Santiago de Compostela)
    Nº de horas lectivas: 25
    Límite de alumnos: No
    Este curso cuenta con co-financiamiento de los grupos de investigación GI-1908 “Estudos clásicos e medievais”, y GI-1919 “Síncrisis. Investigación en Formas Culturais” de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela


    Día 20
    10:00 a 10:15
    Inauguración del curso
    Fátima Díez Platas, directora del curso
    Cecilia Criado Boado, directora del curso
    La cosmogonía de las Metamorfosis y sus antecentes griegos
    Alberto Bernabé Pajares, Catedrático de Filología Griega (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
    Pausa café
    La huelga de los flautistas: carnaval y política en las Quinquatrus de junio (Ovidio, Fastos, 6. 649-710)
    Pedro López Barja, Profesor Titular de Historia Antigua (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Los monstruos cotidianos del poeta Ovidio
    José Carlos Fernández Corte, Catedrático de Filología Clásica (Universidad de Salamanca)
    La relación entre la iconografía de Ovidio y el canon literario
    Cristina Martín Puente, profesora Titular de Filología Latina (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
    En latín y en francés: el Ovide moralisé y el Ovidius moralizatus
    Patricia Meilán Jácome, proyecto Biblioteca Digital Ovidiana (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Pausa café
    Glosas visuales: las ediciones latinas de las Metamorfosis y su ilustración
    Fátima Díez Platas, Profesora Contratada Doctora de Historia del Arte (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)

    Día 21
    Ovidio y Darwin, del Simbolismo al Surrealismo
    Guillermo Solana, Director artístico del Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
    Pausa café
    Picasso y Orfeo: génesis, transformaciones y desaparición de un alter ego (1929-1936)
    Carlos Ferrer Barrera, documentalista en la Fundación Picasso. Museo Casa Natal (Málaga)
    Ovidio con tres pintores al fondo
    Fátima Díez Platas, Profesora Contratada Doctora en Historia del Arte (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Nerea Senra Alonso, proyecto Biblioteca Digital Ovidiana (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Nair Castiñeiras López, proyecto Biblioteca Digital Ovidiana (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Visita a la exposición “Ovidius vivit!: mitos, imágenes y libros”, en el Pazo de Fonseca

    Día 22
    Hilando textos
    Mª Consuelo Álvarez Morán, Catedrática de Literatura Latina y Mitología Clásica (Universidad de Murcia)
    Rosa Mª Iglesias Montiel, Catedrática de Literatura Latina y Mitología Clásica (Universidad de Murcia)
    Pausa café
    Sandra Romano Martín, Profesora ayudante de Filología Clásica (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
    Ovidio, Met. 13.628-14.608: una Eneida sui generis
    Dulce Estefanía Álvarez, Catedrática emérita de Latín (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Datos y metadatos para las Humanidades Digitales
    Paloma Centenera Centenera, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja
    María Luisa Díez Platas, LINHD-Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
    Presentación del proyecto de investigación: “Las Metamorfosis de Ovidio: estudio textual y actualización bibliográfica”
    Luis Rivero García, Catedrático de Filología Latina (Universidad de Huelva)
    Ángela Suárez del Río, Doctora en Filología Clásica. Grupo de Investigación "Nicolaus Heinsius" (Universidad de Huelva)
    Pausa café
    Presentación del proyecto de investigación: "Thebarum fabula. Biblioteca Digital del mito tebano (con ediciones críticas y traducciones)"
    Cecilia Criado Boado, Profesora Titular de Latín (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Presentación del proyecto de investigación: Ovidius Pictus y la “Biblioteca Digital Ovidiana”
    Fátima Díez Platas, Profesora Contratada Doctora en Historia del Arte (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela)
    Clausura del curso

    Lieu de la manifestation : Santiago de Compostela (España)
    Organisation : Cecilia Criado y Fátima Díez Platas
    Contact : cecilia.criado[at]

    Jim Davila (

    Nehemiah's wall again

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Sinful Supremacy

    Steve Wiggins wrote the above in a recent blog post. Click through to read the whole thing.

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Job: Administrative and Project Assistant for Culture, UNESCO Jakarta

    Job posting by Unesco Jakarta. Closing date is 5 June 2017. Under the overall supervision of the Director of UNESCO Office, Jakarta, and under the direct supervision of the Head of the Culture Unit, the incumbent shall serve as Administrative and Project Assistant for Culture Unit, UNESCO Office Jakarta, cluster Office for Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, … Continue reading "Job: Administrative and Project Assistant for Culture, UNESCO Jakarta"

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

    Rings, pits, bone and ash. Greek altars in context

    May 30, 2017 - 1:01 PM - SEMINAR Gunnel Ekroth (Uppsala University)

    Jim Davila (

    NT Apocrypha a century and more ago

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

    Winckelmann osserva le monete greche

    May 26, 2017 - 12:56 PM - LECTURE Prof.ssa Renata CANTILENA (Salerno)

    Jim Davila (

    3 Baruch

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    "Law as Religion, Religion as Law" conference

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

    Character and Situational Attribution in Tragedy at the End of the Fifth Century

    June 09, 2017 - 12:36 PM - LECTURE Ruth Scodel (Professor of Greek and Latin, University of Michigan)

    Jim Davila (

    Verne, Palmyra: An Irreplaceable Treasure

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Angkor tops TripAdvisor list

    TTR Weekly, 24 May 2017: TripAdvisor announced the winners of its Travellers’ Choice awards for Landmarks, Tuesday naming Angkor Wat, Cambodia, as the world top choice. Award winners were determined using an algorithm that took into account the quantity and quality of reviews and ratings for landmarks, worldwide, gathered over a 12-month period. The awards … Continue reading "Angkor tops TripAdvisor list"

    Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

    Typology and Relational Theory

    Another session from TAG that we videoed:

    Session Abstract:

    Typologies have always existed within archaeology as a way of organising, grouping and describing sites and finds; they serve to aid archaeologists in making effective descriptions of changes. In this sense typologies can be seen as a core subject of archaeological investigation. There is however a long standing debate over the value and significance of the typology system. Typologies can be considered vital tools for building chronologies, however they can also be seen to reduce or erase variation in the creation of a series of types. For instance, Richards argues that monuments are not just reproductions of a single idea type site, and reminds us that ‘monuments don’t actually breed’ (2013: 15). Sørensen (2015: 86) has recently argued for a large-scale reappraisal of typology: to focus on asking a fundamental question of why the changes evident in typologies occurred. She described typologies as ‘assumptions of order’ which were developed on morphological grounds with an assumed order and expectation of relatedness (Sørensen 2015:88). The recent archaeological focus has moved away from typology due to this long standing debate, however, what do we risk losing when abandoning typology? Should we reassess typology’s place within modern archaeology, revisit and revise our understanding of it?

    In recent years, scholars have attempted to reverse this divergence and rejection of typology by implementing new theoretical approaches in their use of typological systems; relational theory (e.g. Fowler 2013; Normark 2010; Lucas 2012), the significance of context (‘contextual typology’ Wilkin 2011), and the belief that typology is fundamentally needed within archaeology have steered this debate, once again into the limelight. Alternatively, relational theory without the involvement of typology could make it easier to explain the emergence of monuments of various different (unique) types as their development is never stable in itself (Gillings & Pollard 2016).

    This session aims to discuss the current state of typology within British archaeology, with anemphasis on its current place and value within research. It aims to rejuvenate this debate by reviewing typology through the lens of current theoretical influences, with examples of recent research projects which have taken this approach. Questions which contributors may wish to address include:
    • Is there still a place for typology within archaeology, and how do we rectify the reduction or erasing of variation in the construction of a typology?
    • What other theoretical ideas could we explore and revise typology with?
    • Do we need typologies in archaeology?
    • If we reject typology completely, what do we replace it with?
    • Is typology relevant in some cases but not others? If so, what does that mean?
    • If we see each site or artefact as unique, how do we view and discuss long-term change to create narratives over long periods of time? Do we need typologies to explain long term change?

    Lucy Cummings, Newcastle University; and Mareike Ahlers, Newcastle
    Fowler, C. 2013. The Emergent Past. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Gillings, M. & Pollard, J. (2016) Making Megaliths: Shifting and Unstable Stones in the Neolithic of the Avebury Landscape. Cambridge Archaeological Journal. DOI:
    Lucas, G. 2012. Understanding the Archaeological Record. Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeological Press.
    Richards, C. 2013. Interpreting Stone Circles. In Richards, C. (ed.) Building the Great Stone Circles of the North.Oxford: Windgather Press, pp. 1-30.
    Sørensen, M-L. 2015. ’Paradigm lost’ – on the state of typology within archaeological theory.
    In Kristiansen, K., Šmejda, L. and Turek, J. (eds.) Paradigm Found: Archaeological Theory Present, Past and Future. Oxford: Oxbow, pp. 84-94.
    Wilkin, N. 2011. Grave-goods, contexts and interpretation: towards regional narratives of Early Bronze Age Scotland. Scottish Archaeological Journal, 33(1–2): 21–37.
    Tables, volcanoes, pots that (kind of) talk, and what they have to say about making sense of artefactual variation Mike Copper, University of Bradford

    Rather provocatively, prehistoric pots do not divide themselves up into mutually exclusive categories awaiting discovery by the archaeologist. Indeed, it is highly likely that there would have been disagreement about how to classify such vessels at the time that they were being made and used. How, then, are we to approach the often intimidating complexity of prehistoric assemblages?
    Is there essential order to be found? And just how useful is typology if it has to be imposed onto the data by contemporary archaeologists? This paper will propose that ceramic variation arises for many different and complex reasons and, as no such thing can exist, the search for the essential nature of a category must be a wild goose chase. It is argued that a more promising approach is to see artefactual categories as more-or-less coherent dynamic (that is, constantly changing) assemblages held together, to a greater or lesser degree, by specific practices and shared understandings. If so, then identifying the salient forces at work in such ‘territorialisation’ is a potentially productive way forward.
    As an exemplar of such an approach, the paper will consider the role of semantic salience, or what we understand pots to be saying, as one principle constraining variation within a highly coherent type of vessel – the so-called Unstan bowl, found across northern Scotland and the Scottish Atlantic façade in the Early and Middle Neolithic.
    Where Does Typology fit in? Assessing the Role of Stone-Ard-Points and Flaked-Stone-Bars in Prehistoric Orkney? Robert Leedham, University of Central Lancashire
    In Orkney, antiquarians, enthusiasts, and archaeologists alike have found and continue to find stone ard points (SAPs) and flaked stone bars (FSBs). This has been the case for over 150 years. Forming part of a regional collection of artefacts known as coarse stone tools, these are made from sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rock sources from around the Northern isles. Historically, the varieties of artefacts have been interpreted mainly based on their shape and limited empirical
    study, representing a wide range of tasks and functions in Prehistory. More specifically to date, more recent studies into SAPs and FSBs have yielded little if any information with regards to the technology behind, and function of the tool types within prehistoric human activity. Recent attempts (Clarke, 1989; 1995 & 2006 and Rees, 1970; 1979) have merely demonstrated that these tools may have possessed an agricultural function, indicative of the wear patterning they possess.
    These typological assumptions have important consequences for archaeology if we continue to base our judgements about archaeological artefacts on the visible and tangible and ignore the intangible within our analysis frameworks.
    In short, previous research has either sided with the detailed or ‘grand’ narrative, with little middle ground. I argue that using typology is of inherent importance for archaeological understanding, however, this should not be rigid but semi fluid in its applicability. This research was an attempt to reach a middle ground within archaeological research, to hopefully serve as a working model for future archaeological inquiry where typology is a blessing not a hindrance.

    When types matter (and when they don’t) Chris Fowler, Newcastle University

    Artefacts from some times and places cohere into clear types, even if other contemporary things or places did not. In this paper I will consider when, and in what ways, types mattered in the Early Bronze Age of the British Isles. I will focus on the recent discovery of a bone pommel from a bronze dagger along with an assemblage of other bone objects among a deposit of cremated bone in a museum collection. Belonging to a clear type, the pommel opens the door to new comparisons between different and distant burials. What does the discovery of the pommel add to our understanding of the burial excavated almost 70 years ago? What can be gained by further setting this burial alongside others which share the same type of feature (a cist) and vessel (Collared Urn)?
    It is hard to find a parallel for one newly-discovered set of four bone objects from the same deposit. These are each the same type of thing, but have to be approached differently due to their lack of comparators. What are the limits and risks of giving typology a leading role in interpreting this burial?
    The paper will start with a discussion of what concepts I do and do not think that are required to explain the existence of types. It will conclude that, if used appropriately, typology can both play a vital role in understanding Early Bronze Age objects and mortuary practices and also form a crucial component of a wider relational interpretive approach.

    All Things Shining: Towards ‘multi-dimensional’ typologies of Bronze Age Britain Neil Wilkin, British Museum

    Later prehistoric object studies in Britain and much of North West Europe have been dominated by material-specific studies and typologies. The sharp division between ceramic and metalwork studies is particularly regretful given that all prehistoric objects existed within a rich and interconnected world, every bit as complex and ‘messy’ as our own.
    The meaning of prehistoric objects was created through relational and contextual factors at several points or ‘dimensions’ along the chain of material selection, object production, use and deposition/destruction and loss. The repeated patterning evident in each of these dimensions has been noted by numerous researchers, reflecting different degrees of normative behaviours and enculturation. However, rarely have we been able to integrate these observations for multiple dimensions within and between chronological periods. Typological approaches provide the frameworks to make this a reality.
    This paper uses case studies from Bronze Age Britain to argue that ‘multi-dimensional’ typologies can be constructed to chart and compare decisions and choices made at each point in an object’s lifecycle, revealing inter- and intra-connectedness within and between the creation and treatment of prehistoric objects in various materials.

    Typologies of Early Neolithic mortuary structures through the lenses of relational theory Mareike Ahlers, Newcastle University

    Typological differentiation of Early Neolithic non-megalithic mortuary structures have been made by previous authors like Kinnes (1979+1992) or Ashbee (1970). However, the thereby created types are often detached from other aspects of mortuary architecture at the same site. Furthermore, similar looking features can be used differently, however a stagnant typology does not allow diverging interpretations. This would actually trigger the creation of a new type. This can lead to a one-sided interpretation of such features as isolated elements. To understand relationships between the defined elements of the features and structures, such a classical typology needs to be transformed into a more flexible system to identify relations and connections of distinct elements.
    This relational approach then can also include specific other aspects that are not at all considered in a classical typology, such as ‘types of events’, which for example relate to the deliberate destruction of mortuary features or distinct phases of activity that include changes of the mortuary structures and burial activity. A relational approach to typology allows to construct flexible connections between elements of specific features. These relations are therefore not fixed and can be transferable. Furthermoreother elements such as landscape settings or events can be added to allow a better understanding of the interaction between features and use of the sites. This paper will add the element of relational
    theory to a classical typological approach on early Neolithic non-megalithic mortuary features of the British Isles and the northern TRB in Denmark.

    Simply not my type: building and using typologies in a new materialist world Mark Gillings, University of Leicester; and Josh Pollard, University of Southampton

    Whilst the range of approaches and perspectives brought together beneath the banner of the new materialism comprise a broad church (Thomas 2015; Witmore 2014), where there is near universal agreement is with regard to the utility (or otherwise) of traditional typologies. Whether cast as classifications or inversions, typologies and the practice of typology are regarded as very bad things. And yet, there seems to be a clear tension – most directly confronted by Fowler (2013) – insofar as whilst new materialists (for want of a better term) are quick to damn typologies, they also seem unable to resist using them. If a trend can be teased out it is that whilst it is OK to use existing typologies (with caveats, naturally), it is a mortal sin to create a new one. Having encountered this situation in our own work on the destruction of megaliths at the site of Avebury – when one of us (MG) built a typology to the horror of the other(JP) – our aim in this paper is to step back and
    think through some of the potential implications of this curious paradox.
    Fowler, C. 2013. The Emergent Past: a relational realist archaeology of Early Bronze Age Mortuary Practices. Oxford: OUP.
    Thomas, J. 2015. The future of archaeological theory. Antiquity 89 (348), 1287-1296.
    Witmore, C. 2014. Archaeology and the New Materialisms. Journal of Contemporary Archaeology 1.2, 203-246

    Reassessing ‘henge’ monuments: can we see a neatly packaged monument type? Lucy Cummings, Newcastle University

    Henge monuments are some of the best known and most recognisable monuments of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Britain. Since they were first identified in the 1930s, and defined as later Neolithic enclosures with a circular bank, inner ditch, and usually one or two entrances, henges have been considered as a single category of site. Between 1932 and 1987 there were numerous attempts to define sub-types or classes within the umbrella term of henge. Rather than creating clarity, for some scholars however these have added to the uncertainty and mistrust of the henge type. Now, more than ever, it is increasingly apparent that wide variation in their size, location, dating and architecture means they cannot be assumed to share a single use and meaning.
    Typology has been a core aspect of archaeology, however its place within present archaeological research has increasingly been criticised, with arguments ranging from total abandonment to reassessing typology using current theoretical perspectives. This paper will assess the pattern and variation in the characteristics of sites currently classified as henge monuments to investigate the use of typology in relation to these sites. It will also adopt a more relational approach in the investigation of sites, looking beyond morphology to assert if any clear pattern within the data to suggest types can be discerned. It will then go on to question the use of a relational approach to typology within archaeology and if, perhaps, there are better ways of understanding monuments.

    Archaeologists, typologies and relational thinking: where do we go from here? Douglas Mitcham, University of Leicester

    Understanding how and why repeated forms of entity emerge, change and disappear, is of profound concern to archaeologists. It has remained so from the disciplines earliest days to the present, equally important to both those engaged in empirical material analysis, or more theoretically oriented explorations of past things, societies and peoples. Typologies have long since fallen from grace within theoretical approaches in archaeology largely due to their association with culture history, and the deeply problematic and morally unacceptable accounts this can lead to, with the typologising of people and simplistic evolutionary narratives. Yet archaeologists still need to identify the material they study, account for variation and understand the emergence, stability and dispersal of forms. Studies of materials have continued to use typologies of artefacts as a key although often implicit method. Despite them falling out of fashion theoretically, they continue to
    be an important tool so embedded within our practice we often use them with little further thought. But how should we approach the understanding of the emergence, persistence and variation of forms of things? With the present popularity of relational approaches, integrating theoretical perspectives such as assemblage theory, with our empirical approaches and methods poses a challenge. In this paper I will offer some insights from recent research I have conducted on the Neolithic and Bronze Age landscapes of Exmoor, in order to explore potential ways to resolve the tension between static, ‘eternal types’, and emergent, ever changing form.

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Dharmacakra excavated in Surat Thani

    Matichon, 23 May 2017: Archaeologists in Thailand have uncovered a dharmacakra (Buddhist wheel of law) during an excavation in Surat Thani. Article is in Thai. Source: สำนักศิลปากรที่ 12 ขุดพบ ‘ธรรมจักรศิลา’ ชิ้นใหม่ที่เขาศรีวิชัย

    Bryn Mawr Classical Review

    2017.05.45: Töpfer - Maler - Schreiber: Inschriften auf attischen Vasen. Akten des Kolloquiums vom 20. bis 23. September 2012 an den Universitäten Lausanne und Basel / Potiers - peintres - scribes: inscriptions sur vases attiques. Actes du colloque tenu aux Universités de Lausanne et de Bâle du 20 au 23 septembre 2012 / Potters - painters - scribes: inscriptions on Attic vases. Proceedings of the colloquium held at the University of Lausanne and Basel from 20th to 23rd September 2012, Akanthus proceedings 4

    Review of Rudolf Wachter, Töpfer - Maler - Schreiber: Inschriften auf attischen Vasen. Akten des Kolloquiums vom 20. bis 23. September 2012 an den Universitäten Lausanne und Basel / Potiers - peintres - scribes: inscriptions sur vases attiques. Actes du colloque tenu aux Universités de Lausanne et de Bâle du 20 au 23 septembre 2012 / Potters - painters - scribes: inscriptions on Attic vases. Proceedings of the colloquium held at the University of Lausanne and Basel from 20th to 23rd September 2012, Akanthus proceedings 4. Kilchberg; Zürich: 2016. Pp. 167. €50.00. ISBN 9783905083378.

    2017.05.44: Women in Antiquity: Real Women across the Ancient World. Rewriting antiquity

    Review of Stephanie Lynn Budin, Jean MacIntosh Turfa, Women in Antiquity: Real Women across the Ancient World. Rewriting antiquity. London; New York: 2016. Pp. xxxvi, 1074. $240.00. ISBN 9781138808362.

    2017.05.43: Conceptualising Early Colonisation. Artes, 6

    Review of Lieve Donnellan, Valentino Nizzo, Gert-Jan Burgers, Conceptualising Early Colonisation. Artes, 6. Bruxelles: 2016. Pp. 246. €75.00 (pb). ISBN 9789074461825.

    2017.05.42: Contexts of Early Colonization. Papers of the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, 64

    Review of Lieve Donnellan, Valentino Nizzo, Gert-Jan Burgers, Contexts of Early Colonization. Papers of the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, 64. Roma: 2016. Pp. 387. €49.00 (pb). ISBN 9788860607294.

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Survey Finds 6,000 Heritage Buildings in Yangon

    Myanmar Business Today, 24 May 2017: The Yangon Heritage Trust has identified some 6,000 heritage buildings in Yangon. A building survey conducted by the Yangon Heritage Trust (YHT) has found 6,000 heritage buildings spread throughout nine Yangon townships.Of the nine town­ships, four are located in downtown – Kyauktada, Pabedan, Latha and Lan­madaw. Source: Survey Finds … Continue reading "Survey Finds 6,000 Heritage Buildings in Yangon"

    Compitum - publications

    L. Gloyn, The Ethics of the Family in Seneca


    Liz Gloyn, The Ethics of the Family in Seneca, Cambridge, 2017.

    Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
    xi, 249 pages
    ISBN : 9781107145474
    99.99 $

    This book is the first extensive study of the role of the family in the work of Seneca. It offers a new way of reading philosophy that combines philosophical analysis with social, cultural and historical factors to bring out the ways in which Stoicism presents itself as in tune with the universe. The family serves a central role in an individual's moral development - both the family as conventionally understood, and the wider conceptual family which Stoicism constructs. Innovative readings of Seneca's work bring out the importance of the family to his thought and how it interacts with other Stoic doctrines. We learn how to be virtuous from observing and imitating our family, who can be biological relatives or people we choose as our intellectual ancestors. The Ethics of the Family in Seneca will be of particular interest to researchers in Roman Stoicism, imperial culture and the history of the family.


    Source : Cambridge University Press

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Borobudur price hike ruffles tourism industry

    TTG Asia, 19 May 2017: The travel industry in Indonesia is complaining of an ‘unannounced’ price hike for admission to Borobudur, Prambanan and Ratu Boko temples. Source: Lack of clarity on Borobudur temple fee hike ruffles agents’ feathers – TTG Asia – Leader in Hotel, Airlines, Tourism and Travel Trade News

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Le tecnologie in mostra al G7 di Taormina

    In occasione dell’importante appuntamento internazionale del G7 in Sicilia, all’aeroporto internazionale di Catania è stato aperto al pubblico l’Innovative Gate of Culture promosso da Ibam Cnr e Sac S.p.a., mentre nella città di Taormina proiezioni su maxischermo di alcuni video mostrano il patrimonio archeologico e monumentale di Taormina e della Sicilia orientale attraverso l’utilizzo di diverse tecnologie, realizzate dall’Information Technologies Lab dell’Ibam in collaborazione con la Regione Sicilia e il Parco archeologico di Naxos e Taormina.

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Shooting Fish in a Barrel: Treasure Hunting for Profit on the First Frome Hoard Site

    The Second Frome Hoard, voted Britain's Top Treasure in a dumbdown publicity stunt by the Portable Antiquities Scheme was discovered in April 2010 by a man using a device engineered to find buried metal artefacts in a field near Frome known to have produced other Roman material. In other words another Treasure find that was dragged up out of its undisturbed archaeological context by an artefact hunter targeting a known site. Is this really a manner of treating the archaeological record that British archaeology should be promoting by dumbdown publicity stunts? 

    Treasure hunter Dave Crisp was searching here because three days previously, he had previously found 62 late Roman silver coins dating to around and after the 380s* there (the First Frome Hoard Treasure case tracking number: 2010T278) as a result, presumably, of searching for more coins deriving from the scattered hoard represented by the group of 111 coins which had been found on the same farm in 1867. In other words, when the Treasure reward of the First From Hoard was paid, Treasure hunter Crisp received money for 'finding' a hoard that was already known about. Should Treasure rewards (ransoms) be paid for people targeting known findspots like this? It's rather like shooting fish in a barrel. 

    On getting a signal from the deeply-buried mass of metal which turned out to be the second hoard - dating to  AD 253 to 305 - the Treasure hunter dug down 35 cm below plough level to reveal a pot still in its archaeological context (the Second Frome Hoard).  This necessitated an under-resourced salvage archaeological investigation - a three day keyhole dig ('led by Graham and assisted by Hinds, Booth, Crisp and members of the landowner's family') which failed to reveal anything of the landscape context of that find - and its relationship to the other one nearby. The coins themselves took six weeks of a BM conservator's time to do the preliminary cleaning so that they could be studied (hidden costs) but at this stage no attempt was made to perform a full conservation, which would have cost an additional £35,000. In the event, when the museum  received a National Heritage Memorial Fund grant for the ransoming of the hoard (at £320,250), an additional  £105,000 was paid out for the conservation work - that means a sum equivalent to a third of its full commercial value. The costs of sorting, cataloguing, photography and publication of the items concerned have never been counted, but will come probably to a similar figure. 

    The Second Frome Hoard is lauded as an example of 'best practice' because archaeologists came along and excavated this otherwise unthreatened complex of material, let us see the archaeological documentation that Treasure hunter Crisp made of the pattern of finds comprising the First Frome Hoard. 

    * It says in the 'database' report that 'A full catalogue is available on request'. Why has this material still not been published properly seven years on?

    Vignette: Treasure hunting, shooting fish in a barrel

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Digitised Burmese manuscripts at the British Library

    The British Library, 24 May 2017: Since 2013 the British Library has digitised some of the finest Burmese manuscripts in its collection, supported by the Henry D. Ginsburg Legacy. To date 33 manuscripts have been fully digitised, covering a wide range of genres and subjects.  All these manuscripts are now accessible through the Digitised Manuscripts … Continue reading "Digitised Burmese manuscripts at the British Library"

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

    Ghika · Craxton · Leigh Fermor: Charmed Lives in Greece

    June 07, 2017 - 8:54 AM - WORKSHOP Evita Arapoglou, Ian Collins, Sir Michael Llewellyn-Smith

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    The challenges faced by Malaysian Museums

    The Star, 22 May 2017: Probably applicable to many other museums in the region and the world – making museums relevant and attractive to people today. IT IS educational; a way of providing an interactive bridge to the past; a significant tourist attraction. Source: Challenging times for houses of history – Community | The Star … Continue reading "The challenges faced by Malaysian Museums"

    Billboards blocking Bagan pagodas to be out

    Myanmar Times, 24 May 2017: Billboards that obstruct the view of Bagan pagodas in the cultural zone, will no longer be allowed starting this budget year, according to U Soe Tint, head of the Nyaung-U district General Administration Department. Source: Billboards blocking Bagan pagodas to be out

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Egypt says it retrieved 4 stolen artefacts from Britain [UPDATED}

    The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities announced yesterday that it has received four artefacts that had been stolen and smuggled out of Egypt. [...]  Shaaban Abdel Gawad, a ministry official, said two of the artefacts were displayed in an auction house in the UK while the other two pieces were in the possession of an antiquities dealer in London. Two of the artefacts were stolen during the security mayhem that prevailed in the wake of the 2011 uprising, which resulted in the ousting of long-time president Hosni Mubarak, while the other two were stolen in 2013, according to the ministry.
     'Egypt says it retrieved 4 stolen artefacts from Britain' Middle East Monitor May 24, 2017

    Al-Ahram has more - but conflicting - information (thanks to Dorothy King for drawing my attention to it):
    The artefacts include a glass sculpture of a human head that was stolen from Qantara-East store galleries, a stone relief stolen during the 1970s from Hatshepsut temple on Luxor’s west bank, a Middle Kingdom wooden ushabti figurine engraved with golden hieroglyphic text stolen from an Aswan store gallery, and a Roman piece stolen from Minya.  Abdel-Gawad pointed out that all these pieces, except the one stolen from Hatshepsut temple, were stolen during the lack of security in the aftermath of January revolution in 2011.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    From Little Things

    Despite having written and blogged about slow archaeology and the importance of being in the landscape and various expressions of embodied knowledge, I’m nevertheless always surprised by how time with ancient artifacts helps me think through archaeological problems.


    The last two weeks in Cyprus have focused on the artifact assemblages from the site of Polis-Chrysochous and Pyla-Koutsopetria. At both sites, we’re working to finish processing artifacts from excavations. Over the past decade, we read most of the ceramics from these sites and documented their type with brief descriptions. A handful of objects, however, receive more detailed descriptions and study. Generally speaking these artifacts represent the most chronologically or functionally diagnostic types from the assemblage. We focused on fine table wares, amphora, and cooking pots at Polis and Koutsopetria and spent a good bit of energy looking carefully at each artifact and preparing a catalogue entry. 

    This kind of work has got my thinking about the end of antiquity in Cyprus and the role that various types of artifacts have in understanding the end of the kinds of economic and social pattern that have historically defined antiquity. Individual classes of ceramics from Roman red slip fine wares (particularly African Red Slip, Phocaean Ware, and Cypriot Red Slip (LRD)) not only provide elusive dates for end of ancient patterns of trade connecting production sites and consumers across the Mediterranean but reflect tastes in pottery types (as well as foodways) that persisted for half a millennium. The same can be applied to cooking pots and even humble transport amphora. This intersection of economic patterns and social habits embodied in these tiny, broken sherds fascinated me over the last two weeks and located the world of antiquity in smallest fragment of the past.

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    Floating bridge to Angkor Wat temple opens to foreign tourists

    Today, 26 May 2017: The temporary floating causeway to Angkor Wat is officially open to tourists, while the main causeway is being restored over the next few years. PHNOM PENH — A floating bridge opened for use by foreign tourists and local visitors at Cambodia’s famed Angkor Wat on Thursday (May 25), enabling them to … Continue reading "Floating bridge to Angkor Wat temple opens to foreign tourists"

    Two missing World War II B-25 bombers documented by Project Recover off Papua New Guinea

    University of California, San Diego, 23 May 2017: Underwater archaeology of a more recent time. Project Recover aims to locate the resting places of Americans missing in action in World War II. Their most recent discovery are two B-25 bombers off Papua New Guinea. Source: Two missing World War II B-25 bombers documented by Project … Continue reading "Two missing World War II B-25 bombers documented by Project Recover off Papua New Guinea"

    Archaeology Magazine

    Middle Stone Age Ochre Use Examined

    Ethiopia Porc Epic CaveBORDEAUX, FRANCE—Ars Technica reports that evidence for the use of ochre spanning a period of 4,500 years has been uncovered at Ethiopia’s Porc-Epic Cave. Daniela Rosso of the University of Barcelona and the University of Bordeaux and her colleagues examined more than 4,000 pieces of ochre recovered from the cave in order to try and determine how it was processed and used some 40,000 years ago. Microscopy and experimental grinding techniques revealed that the rocks were probably ground into powders for decoration and art, rather than for making adhesives and tanning hides. The techniques used to produce the powders changed slightly over time, as did the color preferences and the range of colors in use. Rosso and her team suggest the symbolic use of ochre in the cave may have been part of a cultural tradition shared by community members. For more on the use of ochre, go to “The Red Lady of El Mirón.”

    Researchers Review George Washington’s Birthplace

    Virginia Washington birthplaceWESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA— reports that researchers are re-evaluating the supposed location of George Washington’s birth in Virginia’s Northern Neck. A structure called Building X was identified as Washington’s birthplace in the early twentieth century. But it now appears that this site likely includes remains of several structures that stood at different times, according to a new review of field notes, photographs, drawings, and artifacts by Philip Levy of the University of South Florida in collaboration with the National Park Service staff at George Washington Birthplace National Monument. “We know much more about Colonial architecture than they did in the 1930s,” Levy said. “There were whole classes of buildings that they didn’t even know existed.” The researchers plan to reexamine the site of Building X with ground-penetrating radar, and to re-excavate its backfill. They suspect the structures were outbuildings used for food preparation by the wealthy Washington family. For more on archaeology of the Founding Fathers, go to “Mr. Jefferson’s Laboratory.”

    Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

    At Myanmar’s tourist spots, a growing litter problem

    Frontier Myanmar, 23 May 2017 The thoughtless disposal of litter by domestic travellers is creating a growing rubbish problem from the ancient temples of Bagan to remote waterfalls in Shan State. Source: At Myanmar’s tourist hotspots, a dirty habit | Frontier Myanmar

    Archaeology Magazine

    Hunter-Gatherers and Farmers Shared Culture and Genes

    Romania farmers huntersFERRARA, ITALY—Seeker reports that an international team of scientists, led by Gloria Gonzalez-Fortes of the University of Ferrara, studied possible relationships between local hunter-gatherers and early Anatolian farmers who lived side by side in what is now Romania’s Danube River basin. They analyzed the genomes of four individuals who lived in the region between 8,800 and 5,400 years ago, and compared them to other hunter-gatherer genomes recovered in Europe. The results suggest that the farmers, who had migrated from Anatolia, and the local hunter-gatherers did produce children together, and may have lived together, despite cultural differences. The researchers speculate that the farmers may have supplemented their crops with gathered food as they moved across Europe and encountered challenging climatic conditions, perhaps bringing the two groups into contact. Chemical analysis of the bones indicates that the contact between the two groups broadened the diets of all to include cereals, legumes, sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, nuts, plants, fish, shellfish, and even dairy products, even though the individuals in the study were lactose intolerant. For more, go to “Europe's First Farmers.”

    Ice Age Camp Discovered in Peru

    Huaca Prieta rush mattingNASHVILLE, TENNESSEE—According to a report in Science, hearths, simple stone tools, the bones of land and marine animals, woven rushes, and plant remains dating back as early as 15,000 years ago have been found deep beneath Huaca Prieta, an earthen mound on the coast of northern Peru, by an excavation team led by Tom Dillehay of Vanderbilt University. Dillehay thinks the site suggests that people migrating into the New World along the coastline may have settled at the site for several thousand years before the construction of the 100-foot-tall mound of Huaca Prieta is thought to have begun, some 7,800 years ago. During the Ice Age, the earliest residents would have had access to a river valley, shallow wetlands, and coastal lagoons ideal for hunting, collecting shellfish, and trapping marine animals washed in with the tide or storm surges. Dillehay explained that such extensive knowledge of the resources available in the region’s different environments would have taken time to develop. For more, go to “America, in the Beginning.”

    May 25, 2017

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    The Annals of Eutychius of Alexandria (10th c. AD) – chapter 19i – Abbasids part 9

    The events of the Abbasid caliphs continue.  This reign is interesting for a curious storm that affected Egypt in 284 AH / 897 AD.

    CALIPHATE OF AL-MU`TADID (279-289/892-902).

    1. The bay’ah was given to al-Mu’tadid bi’llāh Abū’l-‘Abbās, i.e. Ahmad b. Abū Ahmad al-Muwaffaq bi’llāh b. Ga’far al-Mutawakkil ‘alā’llāh – his mother was an umm walad named Sirār.  The bay’ah was given to him on the same day that al-Mu’tamid died, eleven days before the end of the month of Rağab of the year 279 [of the Hegira].  The revolts ceased, the countries returned to order, the wars stopped, each rebel accepted peace, and prices fell sharply.

    2. Al-Mu’tadid sent to ask Khumārawayh b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn to give him his daughter in marriage.  Khumārawayh consented, and sent her with great riches, slaves, and maidservants.  They made peace and order was restored.  Khumārawayh b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn left Egypt for Syria and stopped at Damascus.  He had built, outside Damascus, below the dayr Murrān, on the “Thawrah” River, a palace that used to be his residence.  Khumārawayh was killed in this palace that he built, near Damascus, on Sunday night, three days before the end of the month of dhū’l-qa’da of the year 282 [of the Hegira].  His servants, Zāhir, Sābūr, Lu’lu ‘, Natīf, Shafi` ash-Sharābi and Ghanā’im, were charged with his killing.  These servants were then killed and their heads were taken to Egypt, while their bodies were crucified at Damascus.  Khumārawayh was taken in a coffin from Damascus to Egypt, and was buried on mount al-Muqattam.  Egypt was shaken by violent riots because of Khumārawayh and his death.

    3. After him there was appointed governor of Egypt Gaysh ibn Khumārawayh.  Gaysh returned from Damascus to Egypt and stayed there for eight months. Then there were serious dissensions between him and the commanders.  They rose up against him and killed him.  His brother Hārūn ibn Khumārawayh took his place, at the age of ten years, in the month of rağab of the year 283 [of the Hegira].

    4. Al-Mu’tadid wrote a letter to Hārūn b. Khumārawayh, in which he entrusted him with the rule of Egypt.  Hārūn was ten years old and his regent was Abū Ga’far b. Muhammad b. Abā at-Turki.

    5.  On the night of Thursday, two days before the end of the month of Rabī’al-awwal of the year 284 [of the Hegira], a strange phenomenon happened in Egypt.  The Christians were intent on celebrating the feast of the Ascension into heaven of our Lord Christ, when wild and violent winds blasted them, from dinner time until midnight.  At midnight, then, there came such a thick darkness that nobody could see their fingers even if they were in their eyes.  Then the harsh winds of earlier returned, taking off the roofs of many houses.  On the heads of people, gathered in their homes, there was a rain of red sand.  At the four corners of the heavens there were flaming columns of fire.  This lasted until dawn.  Then the wind calmed a little and the sky became intensely red, like a flame of fire, with a cold wind.  The earth, the mountains, the trees, the people and their clothes, and all that they could see, looked red because of the intensity of the red sky.  The red [sky] lasted for two hours, then turned yellow until noon.  Then the yellow vanished and the sky became black all day and until noon the day after, before dissolving.  The sun did not appear for a day and a half, from when the winds began to blow, until the black clouds broke.

    6. On the morning of Wednesday, 9th of the month of Dhū’l-qa’da of the year 288, there was also, in Egypt, from midnight to dawn, a violent movement of the stars, which the vulgar called falling stars.  The sky was full of such stars coming down from east, west, south and north.  No one could watch the heavens because of the many falling stars.[1] In the first year of the caliphate of al-Mu’tadid, there became patriarch of Antioch Simeon, son of Zarnāq. He held office for twelve years and died.

    7. As for Leo, king of the Rūm, his wife died without having children.  He decided to remarry, but the Patriarch of Constantinople, Nicolas, forbade him, saying, “You are not allowed to marry, because you have been consecrated as an anagnoste [= a reader] and you have to fulfill the priestly prayer. If you marry, you will not be allowed to come to the altar.”  King Leo replied: “I decided to marry only in order to have a son who can inherit the kingdom after me.” But the patriarch did not allow him to marry.  Then King Leo wrote to the patriarch of Rome, to Michael, the patriarch of Alexandria, to Elijah, son of Mansur, patriarch of Jerusalem, and to Simeon son of Zarnach, patriarch of Antioch, asking them to go to him in order to examine whether he was allowed to get married or not.  None of them could go in person to the king, but each one sent their own messenger.  The bishops gathered together with the messengers at Constantinople to examine the case of the king and pronounced in favour of his marriage.  King Leo married and had a son called Constantine.  Nicholas was removed from his office and Anthimus was made patriarch of Constantinople.

    8. Al-Mu’tadid bi’llāh died on Sunday, nine days before the end of the month of al-ākkar of the year 289.  His caliphate lasted seven years, nine months and two days.  He died at the age of forty-seven.  The administrators of his property were the freedman Badr and `Ubayd Allah b. Sulaymān, who was succeeded in the place that he occupied by his son al-Qasim b. ‘Ubayd Allah (204). Al-Mu’tadid was handsome in his face and body, and he spent much time accumulating riches.

    1. [1]Does he perhaps mean that astronomy became impossible?  There is no explanation of these interesting events in the notes of the Italian.  I find discussion of this, however, in Richard B. Stothers, “Cloudy and clear stratospheres before A.D. 1000 inferred from written sources“, Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (2002), online here: “2.14. A.D. 897 [26] Red skies in Egypt made the outdoor surroundings appear red (Eutychius of Alexandria, Annals, Migne, PG, 111, 1144; al-Tabari, Annals, A.H. 284; Elias of Nisibis, Chronicle, p. 92, Brooks). This event, which occurred only on 5 May and only near Alexandria, was apparently caused by a red sandstorm, as mentioned by the chroniclers.”.

    ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

    Tyndale House Greek Prepositions Workshop

    Today’s the last day to book accommodations for the Greek Prepositions Workshop. So if you don’t have your housing plans together and plan on joining us, you’ll want to get that settled today!

    Tyndale House Workshop in Greek Prepositions:
    Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Lexicography & Theology
    30 June–1 July, 2017

    From Workshop Website:


    Students and scholars of Greek have long wrestled with understanding the meaning of prepositions.

    This challenge is partly the result of the centuries-old tradition in Greek lexicography of providing glosses (or translation equivalents) in the target language that fail to capture the meaning of a lexical item. Moreover, the semantics of Greek and English prepositions do not isometrically overlap, giving the misleading appearance of polysemy.

    In an effort to address these challenges, this Workshop aims to approach semantic description of Koine prepositions from the perspective of cognitive linguistics and prototype theory.

    Following the work of Silvia Luraghi (2003) and Pietro Bortone (2010) on Greek prepositions, there is growing consensus among scholars of Greek that the cognitive linguistic approach to meaning is the most promising way forward. Yet to date no concerted effort has been made towards applying this cognitive approach in a form that is accessible to non-specialists, which provides the occasion and motivation for our Workshop.

    This Workshop will be cross-disciplinary, bringing together classicists, biblical scholars, linguists, and theologians.

    Linguists will offer an introductory overview to a metaphor-based model of cognitive semantics that will then be applied to the description of a selection of Greek prepositions on the first day (30 June). This will be followed the next day (1 July) by application of these descriptions to specific exegetical and theological issues, followed by responses from panelists representing the fields of Classics, lexicography, biblical theology, and cognitive linguistics. The workshop will conclude with a time for questions from and discussion with the audience.

    Click below to follow us via e-mail or RSS or even Facebook (ugh, Facebook). Maybe even support us on Patreon?

    Filed under: Cognitive Linguistics, Grammar, Greek, Language, Lexicography, Linguistics, Semantics

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Dissertations on Antiquity from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Open Access Dissertations on Antiquity from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Open Access Journal: PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology

     [First posted in AWOL 26 December 2013, updated 25 May 2017]

    PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology
    ISSN 1567-214X
    The PalArch Foundation publishes three journals: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology (PJAEE; ISSN 1567-214X), PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology (PJVP; ISSN 1567-2158) and PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe (PJANE; ISSN 1573-3939). These are so-called ‘open access’, which means that the publiciations are freely availabe and can be downloaded by everyone (see Note that the downloaded PDF publications are for personal use only: distribution is not permitted. Notifying third parties should be done by reference to the Foundation’s website

    For detailed information on the journals, see the appropriate pages. The proceedings (ISSN 1567-2166; currently only related to Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology) are an irregularly appearing publication. The Newsletter (ISSN 1872-4582) ceased to exist with the new website: items and news are published online in the News section.

    Archive for category PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptolog
    Recent content includes:

    Creasman, Pearce Paul, Hayat Touchane, Christopher H. Baisan, Hussein Bassir, Rebecca Caroli, Noreen Doyle, Hannah Herrick, Magdi A. Koutkat, Ramzi Touchan. 2017. An Illustrated Glossary of Arabic-English Dendrochronology Terms and Names. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(3) (2017), 1-35. ISSN 1567-214X. 35 pages + 52 figures.

    يُقدم‭ ‬هذا‭ ‬الفهرس‭ ‬المصور‭ ‬مجموعة‭ ‬مختارة‭ ‬من‭ ‬أهم‭ ‬أسماء‭ ‬ومصطلحات‭ ‬علم‭ ‬الدندروكرونولوجى‭ ‬باللغتين‭ ‬العربية‭ ‬والإنجليزية‭. ‬ويهدف‭ ‬إلى‭ ‬تعريف‭ ‬متحدثي‭ ‬اللغة‭ ‬العربية‭ ‬بأدبيات‭ ‬هذا‭ ‬العلم‭ ‬على‭ ‬أمل‭ ‬تطبيق‭ ‬أبحاث‭ ‬حلقات‭ ‬نمو‭ ‬الأشجار‭ ‬بصورة‭ ‬أوسع‭ ‬فى‭ ‬الدراسات‭ ‬الأثرية‭ ‬وخصوصاً‭ ‬بـمصر This illustrated glossary presents a selection of essential terms and people in the study of dendrochronology‭, ‬in […]

    Harrell, James A. 2017. A Preliminary Overview of Ancient Egyptian Stone Beads. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(2) (tEBP Series) (2017), 1-16. ISSN 1567-214X. 16 pages + 2 tables.

    Stone beads are one of the most common artifacts of ancient Egypt, but despite this they have received little attention from scholars. The first and only attempt at a comprehensive study is the late 1930’s investigation of Nai Xia, who looked at beads in all materials at what is now the Petrie Museum of Egyptian […]

    Theis, Christoffer. 2017. Egyptian Funerary Cones from Various Auctions and Collections. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 14(1) (2017), 1-25. ISSN 1567-214X. 25 pages + 2 figures.

    The article presents a list of funerary cones, which were not included in one of the last collections of the material. These objects were mainly collected from auctions, and the aim is to make these cones available for scholars. Download PDF file

    BOOK REVIEW: André J. Veldmeijer about Thompson, J. 2015. Wonderful Things. A History of Egyptology. 1: From Antiquity to 1881

    PalArch’s Journal of Egyptology/Archaeology of Egypt, 12(2) (2015) A good number of well-established colleagues, such as Brian Fagan, Kara Cooney and Kent Weeks, have written book reviews of ‘Wonderful Things’ (see and I can only confirm their enthusiasm and opinions. ‘Wonderful Things’ “follows […] Read the entire review (PDF File)

    Brichieri-Colombi, Stephen. 2015. Engineering a Feasible Ramp for the Great Pyramid of Giza. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 12(1) (2015), 1-16. ISSN 1567-214X. 16 pages + 8 figures, 1 table.

    Although it is widely believed by archaeologists that the Great Pyramid was built using sleds hauled up ramps, no economically feasible ramp configuration has yet been found which would have permitted the placement of the 44 granite beams weighing up to 75 t and the 2.3 Mm3 of limestone blocks of the pyramid, in a period […]

    Cockcroft, Robert & Sarah Symons. 2013. Diagonal Star Tables on Coffins A1C and S2Hil: A New Triangle Decan and a Reversed Table. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 10(3) (2013), 1-10. ISSN 1567-214X. 10 pages + 5 figures, 4 tables.

    We present updates for two ancient Egyptian diagonal star tables on coffins A1C and S2Hil. A1C reveals a new triangle decan, H3t s3bw, which brings the total number of triangle decans to 13 and the total number of unique triangle decans to 12 (because of the duplication of nTr D3 pt). We discuss its relevance, […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Christoffer Theis about Lapp, W. 2011. Chronologie Ägyptens und des Vorderen Orients. Von Josef in Ägypten bis zur Plünderung Thebens durch die Assyrer und der Deportation der Israelis nach Babel. – Gelnhausen, Wagner Verlag GmbH

    PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 10(2) (2013). Wolfgang Lapp legt mit seinem Buch (noch) eine (neue) alternative Chronologie für den Vorderen Orient im Zeitraum zwischen 1800 und 500 vor Christus vor, mit der er seinen eigenen Worten gemäß “etwas Licht in die graue Vorzeit gebracht zu haben” glaubt (S. 9). […] Read the entire […]

    Krauss, Rolf. With a Contribution by Victor Reijs. 2012. Babylonian Crescent Observation and Ptolemaic-Roman Lunar Dates. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 9(5) (2012), 1-95. ISSN 1567-214X. 95 pages + 28 figures, 62 tables, 2 appendices.

    Abstract This article considers three question associated with Ptolemaic-Roman lunar chronology: did the temple service begin on Lunar Day 2; were lunar phases determined by observation and/or cyclically; how accurate were lunar observations? In the introduction, Babylonian and modern observations of old and new crescents are analyzed to obtain empirical visibility lines applicable to Egyptian […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (4) (2012)

    Christoffer Theis about Habicht, Michael E. 2011. Nofretete und Echnation. Das Geheimnis der Amarna-Mumien. – Leipzig, Koehler & Amelang GmbH. Die Geschichte der Amarnazeit und das Wirken der verschiedenen Charaktere, deren Namen Echnaton, Nofretete, Tutanchamun oder Aja II. wohl vielen Individuen ein Begriff sein dürften, ist in der Ägyptologie auch weiterhin ein vieldiskutiertes Thema – […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (3) (2012)

    Nicholas Warner about Gates, Ch. 2011. Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. – London, Routledge. The vast scope of this book almost inevitably makes any review of it partial and partisan. Who could possibly know everything about all of the cities that fall within its […]

    First International Chariot Conference. 2012. Schedule and Abstracts – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 9 (2) (2012), 1-13. ISSN 1567-214X. 13 pages.

    First International Chariot Conference, organized jointly by NVIC and AUC. Held at the Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo. New version with added pp (two abstracts). Updated 3rd version. 1 – 2 December 2012 Download PDF file

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (1) (2012)

    Christoffer Theis about Dodson, A. 2003. The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt. – London, New Holland Publishers. Aidan Dodson verfolgt mit seinem Buch den Ansatz, eine Zusammenstellung aller Pyramiden in Ägypten zu bieten, ein „up-to-date listing of all known examples belonging to kings and queens“ (S. 6, vgl. auch S. 7 & 13). Wie Dodson bereits […]

    Veldmeijer, André J. 2011. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part XIV. Leather Eared Sandals. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8(5) (2011), 1-31. ISSN 1567-214X. 31 pages + 14 figures, 3 tables.

    Abstract Leather Eared Sandals, i.e. sandals with pre-straps that are cut from the sole’s leather, are a well known category of sandals in ancient Egypt, mainly because the manufacturing is depicted in scenes that decorate tombs. Based on archaeological finds, we can recognise several subcategories and types. The present paper, as part of the Ancient […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 8 (4) (2011)

    René van Walsem about Manley, B. & A. Dodson. 2010. Life Everlasting. National Museums Scotland Collection of Ancient Egyptian Coffi ns. – Edinburgh, National Museums Scotland. After an overview (without title, pp. 1-10) of the history of the conglomerate of the National Museums Scotland – with special attention to the Egyptian collections and the individuals […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8 (1) 2011

    Christoffer Theis about Lepre, J.P. 2006. The Egyptian Pyramids. A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference. – Jefferson/London, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers (2nd Edition). Das mit 341 Seiten recht umfangreiche Buch von J.P. Lepre stellt nach seiner eigenen Aussage eine “manuscript compilation for my own reference” dar, “providing me with quick access to crucial information while in […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8 (3) 2011

    Daniel Arpagaus about D’Auria, S.H. Ed. 2008. Servant of Mut: Studies in Honor of Richard A. Fazzini. – Leiden/Boston, Brill (Probleme der Ägyptologie 28). Die Festschrift für Richard Fazzini, den langjährigen Kurator und Vorsteher der Abteiling für ägyptische Kunst am Brooklyn Museum, New York, versammelt insgesamt 32 Aufsätze von Freunden un Kollegen. Der Inhalt der […]

    Gregory Bearman, Mark S. Anderson & Kenneth Aitchison. 2011. New Imaging Methods to Improve Text Legibility of Ostraca – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 8(2) (2011)

    Abstract We report on experiments on three new methods to improve text contrast for carbon ink ostraca. These are (1) Raman imaging, (2) Micro-focus XRF scanning and (3) exogenous contrast agents either to enhance the X-ray signal or create an optical fluorescence signal. We tested all three methods with modern ‘stunt’ ostraca, made using a […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (7) 2010

    André J. Veldmeijer about Picton, J. & I. Pridden. 2008. Unseen Images. Archive Photographs in the Petrie Museum. Volume 1: Gurob, Sedment and Tarkhan. – London, Golden House Publications Sometimes, a book does not need a long review to explain its importance. ‘Unseen Images. Ar­chive Photographs in the Petrie Museum. Vol­ume 1: Gurob, Sedment and Tarkhan’ is one of these… […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (9) 2010

    Ingrid Blom-Böer about Fitzenreiter, M. 2009. Das Ereignis Geschichtsschreibung zwischen Vorfall und Befund. – London, Golden House Publications (IBAES X) Dem Vorwort zum ersten Band IBAES (Internet-Beiträge zur Ägyptologie und Sudanarchäologie/Studies from the Internet on Egyptology and Sudanarchaeology) Vol. I, 1998 kann man entnehmen, wie die Idee zur Internet-Publikation zustande kam und welche Ziele verfolgt werden sollten. […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (10) 2010

    Jan Moje about Hafemann, I. 2009. Dienstverpflichtung im Alten Ägypten während des Alten und Mittleren Reiches. – London, Golden House Publications (IBAES XII) Die vorliegende Arbeit, die 1990 in dieser Version an der Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR verteidigte Dissertation der Autorin, beschäftigt sich mit verwaltungstechnischen und ökonomischen Aspekten königlicher, also „staatlicher“ Dienstpflicht während des Alten […]

    BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 7 (8) 2010

    Lukas Petit about Carver, M. 2009. Archaeological Investigation – London / New York, Routledge I must admit I had my prejudices reading this new publication of Martin Carver. Another archaeological guide, which was moreover “the best book in the English language for fifty years” according to Richard Hodges of the University of Pennsylvania. Don’t we […]

    Luca Miatello. 2010. Examining the Grand Gallery in the Pyramid of Khufu and its Features. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(6) (2010)

    Abstract The explanation of the symmetrical features on the west and east sides of the grand gallery in the pyramid of Khufu has always been an intricate puzzle for researchers. The existence of such peculiar features is generally related to the function of parking the granite plugs, but only three or four granite blocks were […]

    Giulio Magli. 2010. Archaeoastronomy and Archaeo-Topography as Tools in the Search for a Missing Egyptian Pyramid – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(5) (2010)

    Abstract Among the royal pyramids of the 6th Egyptian Dynasty, that of the second king, Userkare, is missing. This Pharaoh, however, ruled long enough – two to four years – to plan his pyramid on the ground and have the workers excavate the substructure. Userkare’s unfinished tomb might therefore be buried in the sands of […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(4) (2010)

    Jan Moje about Nyord, R. 2009. Breathing Flesh. Conceptions of the Body in the Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. – København, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications 37. Sie Sargtexte gehören mit zu den wichtigsten Quellen über die altägyptischen Vorstellungen vom Jenseits. Sie waren Bereits Thema diverser Arbeiten, darunter jedoch relativ wenige Detailstudien zu den religiösen Konzeptionen und Vorstellungen […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(3) (2010)

    Nicholas Warner about Schijns, W. With contributions from O. Kaper & J. Kila. 2008. Vernacular Mud Brick Architecture in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt and the Design of the Dakhleh Oasis Training and Archaeological Conservation Centre. – Oxford, Oxbow Books (Dakhleh Oasis Project Monograph 10) Much has changed in the environment of the Dakhleh Oasis since […]

    Gregory Bearman & William A. Christens-Barry. 2009. Spectral Imaging of Ostraca. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(7) (2009)

    Abstract By analogy with ancient texts, infrared imaging of ostraca has long been employed to help improve readings. We report on extensive spectral imaging of ostraca over the visible and near infrared. Spectral imaging acquires the complete spectrum for each pixel in an image; the data can be used with an extensive set of software […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 7(1) (2010)

    Augusto Gayubas about Wodzińska, A. 2009. A Manual of Egyptian Pottery. Volume 1: Fayum A-Lower Egyptian Culture. – Boston, Ancient Egypt Research Associates. Dr. Anna Wodzińska, who works at the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw (Poland), is the head of the Ceramics Team of AERA (Ancient Egypt Research Associates) Field School. The […]

    BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(10) (2009)

    J. Moje about Ockinga, B.G. 2005. A Concise Grammar of Middle Egyptian. An Outline of Middle Egyptian Grammar by Hellmut Brunner Revised and Expanded. 2nd Edition. – Mainz, Philipp von Zabern Bei der vorliegenden Grammatik handelt es sich um eine Weiterentwicklung des ‚„Abrisses der Mittelägyptischen Grammatik“ von Hellmut Brunner, die 1960 erstmals publiziert wurde. Die […]

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    2 milioni di dollari per la tecnologia nei musei americani

    La fondazione statunitense Knight Fondation ha elargito quasi 2 milioni di dollari a 12 musei per migliorare la componente tecnologica, nella speranza di aumentare il numero di visitatori.

    STORIE (di) CERAMICHE 4 - “Ceramica e Archeometria”

    Anche quest’anno, a quattro anni dalla sua scomparsa, si vuole ricordare Graziella Berti, figura di rilievo negli studi storici su Pisa ed il Mediterraneo e tra le massime esperte italiane di ceramica medievale e della prima età moderna, attraverso le ricerche di alcuni studiosi che offrono nuovi apporti su linee d’indagine tradizionali.

    AIA Fieldnotes

    International Archaeology Day

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Roxborough State Park
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am to 2:00pm

    Celebrate International Archaeology Day at Roxborough State Park!

    October 2, 2017 from 10 a.m. -2 p.m. Join Naturalists as they show you the areas artifacts and take you on short walks so you can imagine what it would have been like in the Archaic and Woddland time period. We also have "A walk Through Time" poster exhibit on the walk up to the visitor center where you can see our award winning exhibit inside the lobby area.


    Angel Tobin
    Call for Papers: 

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Türk Eskiçağ Bilimleri Enstitüsü haberler

    Türk Eskiçağ Bilimleri Enstitüsü haberler
    ISSN 1308-2078
    Yılda iki kez düzenli olarak, Ocak ve Mayıs aylarında yayınlanan haber nitelikli dergimiz, yurtiçi ve yurtdışında 600 kadar kişi ve kuruluşa ücretsiz olarak ulaşıyor.
    Editörler: Meltem Doğan - Alparslan  /  Aşkım Özdizbay
    Vol. 12 (2001) - 42 (2016) available online

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    The Annals of Eutychius of Alexandria (10th c. AD) – chapter 19h – Abbasids part 8

    We’re getting to what for Eutychius is modern times.  The next caliph, al-Mutamid, seems to be almost a figurehead, in the account that Eutychius gives.  Real power is in the hands of Abu Ahmad al-Muwaffaq, and he is challenged by the ruler of Egypt.  The Abbasid caliphate is becoming merely a convention.

    Eusebius in his chronicle paused at various important points to reckon up the total years from various critical events.  The power of the Eusebian tradition is still strong, even in Eutychius.  He retains this, but modestly considers the date of his own birth to be such an important point!

    CALIPHATE OF AL-MU`TAMID BI’LLĀH (256-279/870-893).

    1. The bay’ah was given to al-Mu’tamid bi’llāh, i.e. Ahmad ibn Ga’far al-Mutawakkil – his mother was an umm walad named Qiyān, in the month of Rağab of the year 256. His minister, Abd Allah ibn Yahya, was the son of that Khāqān who was previously the minister of al-Mutawakkil.

    2.  Wars and revolts followed, in regions and provinces the disorder increased and throughout the territory the number of contenders multiplied. The days of his caliphate were a continuous succession of revolts and wars.  The management of internal affairs was entrusted to Abu Ahmad al-Muwaffaq bi’llāh, al-Mu’tamid’s brother.  Al-Mu’tamid named as his successor his son Ga’far, calling him al-Mufawwid ilà’llāh, and after him, his brother Abū Ahmad b. al-Mutawakkil, giving him the name of al-Muwaffaq bi’llāh.  Abū Ahmad personally headed the military campaigns and made tiring and fatiguing journeys from country to country, while al-Mu’tamid enjoyed himself with pleasures and amusements.

    3.  At Basra, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad b. Ahmad b. ‘Ali b. Yazīd b. ‘Ali b. Al-Husayn b. ‘Ali b. Abi Tālib revolted against him, on Monday, two days before the end of the month of Ramadan of the year 256.  He killed all the inhabitants of Basra, took possession of their property and captured their women and children, dividing them among his men. He defeated Basra, and occupied its surroundings and the province.  Abū Ahmad al-Muwaffaq marched against him in the direction of Basra, and there was a war between them for fourteen years.  Then the descendant of Ali was killed at Basra, on the Abū Safyān River at the confluence of the Abū’l-Khasib River on which was built the city called “al-Mukhtārah”, on Wednesday, in the cool of the evening, of the 4th of the month of Safar of the year 270.  From the day when he arose and his banner was raised to the day when he was killed, fourteen and four months and six days elapsed.

    4. Muhammad (sic!) Ibn Tūlūn had occupied Egypt and Syria and captured Antioch while Abū Ahmad al-Mutawaffaq (sic!) was preoccupied with the war against the descendant of Ali in Basra.  In the first year of al-Mu’tamid’s caliphate there became patriarch of Antioch Stephen.  He held office for one day and died on the same day after having celebrated Mass.  After him there became patriarch of Antioch Theodosius.  He held office for twenty-one years and died.  In the tenth year of his caliphate there became patriarch of Jerusalem Elijah, son of that Mansūr who had helped the Muslims to conquer Damascus and was accursed all over the world.  He held office for twenty-two years and died.

    5. The Patriarch of Alexandria Michael, son of Bukām, died in the year 256 and was buried in the city of Būrah.  After him there became patriarch of Alessandria Michael, originally from Rome (in another text it is said “from Ghazza”), in the third year of the caliphate of al-Mu’tamid, i.e. in 258.  He held office thirty-four years and died in 292, and was buried in Alexandria.

    6. Basil, King of the Rūm, died.  After him reigned his son Leo.  He was a wise man and a philosopher.  In the eighth year of the caliphate of al-Mu’tamid, Sa’id ibn Batrīq the physician was born on Sunday, three days before the end of the month of Dhū’l-hiğğa, in the lunar year 263.  From the Hegira until the day of his birth, there elapsed two hundred and fifty-four solar years, years with which he was dating history.  From Diocletian to the birth of Sa’id ibn Batrīq the physician, there elapsed 568 years (in another text “592”); from our Lord Jesus Christ to the birth of Sa’id ibn Batrīq, there elapsed 868 years; from Alexander to his birth, there elapsed 1,199 years; from the captivity of Babylon to his birth, there elapsed 1,450 years; from David until his birth, there elapsed 1,927 years; from the exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt until his birth, there elapsed 2,535 years; from Abraham to his birth, there elapsed 3,040 years; from Fāliq until his birth, there elapsed 3,540 years; from the flood until his birth, there elapsed 4,160 years; from Adam until his birth, there elapsed 6,368 years.  It was sixty years from his birth when he was made patriarch of Alexandria and was called anba Eutychius.[1]

    7. As for Ahmad ibn Tūlūn, he occupied Antioch and then returned to Egypt. In Misr he built the great mosque that looked out over the lake, built a hospital and a construction bringing water from the lake called “al-Habas”, so that it could serve the Ma’āqir. Ahmad ibn Tūlūn contracted the illness from which he would subsequently die, that is, gastroenteritis, and ordered Muslims, Christians and Jews to climb the mountain called “al-Muqattam” to invoke the help of God upon him. And so they did, going up to the mountain in groups and invoking on him the blessing of God.  However he died of that illness, on the night of Sunday, ten days before the end of the month of Dhū’l-qa’da of the year 270 and was buried on mount al-Muqattam. His commanders gathered together, killed his elder son at Abbas and chose as their leader his younger son, Khumārawayh b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn. He was then twenty years old.  He marched on Damascus at the head of his soldiers and was faced by Abū’l-`Abbās b. Al-Muwaffaq: they met at “at-Tawwāhin”, in the province of Palestine.  Khumārawayh b. Ahmad b. Tūlūn was put to flight and returned to Egypt alone.  During the journey he lost five horses and many of his people were killed.  Abū’l-`Abbās took over all that he found among the soldiers of Khumārawayh b. Ahmad [b. Tulun].  Khumārawayh ibn Ahmad had some men in ambush, completely unaware of the defeat [suffered by their comrades].  As Abu’l-‘Abbās and his men became burdened by all the property that they had taken, they were put to flight and a great slaughter was made.  Then the men of Khumārawayh returned, recaptured the army, returned to Egypt and celebrated the victory with Khumārawayh.  Abu’l-`Abbās returned defeated to Baghdad where he received the blame of his father al-Muwaffaq for what he had done.  Khumārawayh had a large army in Syria.  In the seventeenth year of the caliphate of al-Mu’tamid, that is, in 273, there was a terrible earthquake in Egypt: many houses collapsed and many people lost their lives. That year the grain reached the price of a dinar per mudd. The populace died out from hunger, and even the lynx came to eat them. The markets of Egypt were full of the dead.  They were carried away on camels – on each camel were stacked up to eight corpses – they dug a big ditch and threw them inside.  When Khumārawayh learned that Muhammad ibn Diyūdād, i.e. Abū’s-Sāg, had arrived in Syria at the head of a large army heading for Egypt, he gathered his troops and moved against him.  There was a terrible battle between them at a place called al-Bathaniyyah, in the province of Damascus, and Muhammad ibn ad-Diyūdād, i.e. Ibn as-Sāg, was put to flight.  Many of his forces were killed, but many others sought to be spared by pleading for the protection of Khumārawayh, who continued his journey until he came to the Euphrates.  His men entered the city of ar-Raqqah, buying and selling. Al-Muwaffaq was afraid of him.  Then Khumārawayh returned to Egypt after imposing his sovereignty over the territories from the Euphrates to Nubia, leaving in each country a man as his deputy.  It was the year 276 [of the Hegira].  Al-Muwaffaq died in the month of Safar of the year 278.  His son Abū’l-`Abbās was recognised as his legitimate successor.  Ga’far ibn al-Mu’tamid (194) was deprived of the right of succession to the throne and the management of business went into the hands of Abū’l-‘Abbās ibn al-Muwaffaq who was called al-Mu’tadid.

    8. Al-Mu’tamid died at Baghdad on Sunday, eleven days before the end of the the month of Rağab of the year 279 [of the Hegira].  His caliphate lasted twenty-three years and six days.  He died at the age of forty-six.  He was taken to Surramanra’à and was buried there.

    1. [1]I became aware part way through this that Google translate was generating random numbers for these large numerals.  I went back and rechecked, but it is possible that I have been silently deceived for some earlier numbers.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Siris: Studi e ricerche della Scuola di Specializzazionein Beni Archeologici di Matera

    Siris: Studi e ricerche della Scuola di Specializzazionein Beni Archeologici di Matera
    La rivista, organo ufficiale della “Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Archeologici” di Matera, esce con cadenza annuale dal 2000, anno in cui viene fondata sotto la direzione di Massimo Osanna e dal 2012 viene pubblicata, sempre per i tipi di Edipuglia, nella nuova serie.

    Il numero 14,2014, il primo sotto la nuova direzione di Francesca Sogliani, accoglie gli Atti del Convegno “Siris, Herakleia, Polychoron. Città e campagna tra Antichità e Medioevo” tenutosi a Policoro nel 2013 e organizzato dalla Scuola di Matera con il Sostegno del Comune di Policoro e della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Basilicata.

    La rivista, presente in numerose Biblioteche di Atenei ed Istituzioni italiani e stranieri, costituisce uno dei ben noti strumenti di riferimento per la ricerca archeologica sia di ambito classico che post-classico; dotata di un rinnovato comitato scientifico nazionale e internazionale e di un comitato editoriale direttivo, si avvale, per la rigorosa selezione dei contributi, del processo double-blind peer review.

    A seguito della procedura di revisione della classificazione delle riviste scientifiche avviata dall’ANVUR, la rivista ha ottenuto il riconoscimento di scientificità per le seguenti aree disciplinari: 10 – Scienze dell’antichità, filologico-letterarie e storico-artistiche; 11 – Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche. È stata inoltre riconosciuta di Fascia A per il settore 10-A1, Archeologia.
      9.2008   Go to PDF page  Download PDF
    10.2009   Go to PDF page  Download PDF
    11.2010-11   Go to PDF page  Download PDF
    12.2012   Go to PDF page  Download PDF
    13.2013  Go to PDF page  Download PDF

    The Archaeology News Network

    3,500-year-old friezes discovered at Huaca Garagay in Lima, Peru

    Lima Municipality archaeologists have found 3,500-year-old high relief polychrome friezes —similar to those of Chavin de Huantar— at Huaca Garagay site in Lima's San Martin de Porres district. Photo Credit: ANDINA/DifusiónLead archaeologist Hector Walde explained the friezes were carved on a pilaster (column) placed at the huaca's ceremonial courtyard. "These friezes display feline features highly similar and influenced by Chavin...

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    AIA Fieldnotes

    Oklahoma Archaeological Month

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Spiro Mounds Archaeological Center
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Saturday, October 14, 2017

    A day to memorialize International Archaeology Day and Oklahoma Archaeology Month at the only prehistoric, Native American, archaeological site open to the public in Oklahoma.  An archaeologist will be on hand to help identify artifacts for collectors, lectures will be available about the prehistory and history of the Spiro Mounds area, flintknappers will show off their skills, at 2 p.m. there will be a tour guided by Dennis Peterson of the mounds.


    Dennis Peterson
    Call for Papers: 

    The Archaeology News Network

    Ancient DNA evidence shows hunter gatherers and farmers were intimately linked

    In human history, the transition from hunting and gathering to farming is a significant one. As such, hunter-gatherers and farmers are usually thought about as two entirely different sets of people. But researchers reporting new ancient DNA evidence in Current Biology show that in the area we now recognize as Romania, at least, hunter-gatherers and farmers were living side by side, intermixing with each other, and having children. A...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

    Mass Grave From Thirty Years' War Reveals Brutal Cavalry Attack

    A mass grave from the Thirty Years' War shows archaeologists the horror of 17th century battle.

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    From my diary

    Hmm.  I wrote a long post yesterday “From my diary”, and published it; and it vanished, and there is no sign of it.  That hasn’t happened before, or not for a very long time.   Deeply worrying when that sort of thing happens.  Let me see what I can recall of the updates that I posted…

    Firstly, yesterday was the first day of the 2017 conference of the National Association of Patristics Studies (NAPS) in the USA.  My best wishes to the organisers and everyone attending, and I hope that it is fun as well as interesting.  If you have a twitter account – a great timewaster – there are updates from the conference.  Find them by searching twitter for “#NAPS2017”.

    Meanwhile on this continent I am plodding away with the translation of Eutychius.  The material about the Muslim era is really rather later than I like, and it’s hard to take a lot of interest in it.  But in fact I have had more encouragement to proceed, from correspondents reading the Muslim sections, than for any other part of the Annals.  Anyway there are only five caliphs left, before Eutychius closes his account.

    I started working on Eutychius in his chapter 10, with the events around the life of Jesus.  There is a very good reason for doing this, with any late Chronicle.  The “world chronicles” of the Byzantine, Syriac and Arabic worlds invariably start with Creation.  Unfortunately this means that you end up with many chapters of recycled crud from Genesis, interlarded with fairytales.  None of it is interesting.  It can be very hard indeed not to lose your motivation on this stuff.

    Instead it is far better to start in Jesus’ time, and work forward through the familiar Roman emperors.  Once you get to the end, then go back to the beginning.  The material at the start will still be the tedious sub-Genesis stuff, but you will be motivated to trudge through it because you’ve already invested such a lot of time in the translation!  “Know thyself” is a good rule in life.

    Will I go back to the start of Eutychius?  I don’t know.  Let’s see how I feel!

    The Muslim-era stuff really needs copious footnotes.  After all, which of us knows who these people are?  But I have felt that the value of my translation – if it has any – consists in making the text of Eutychius accessible, and therefore better  known, by means of an English translation.  Once people start to work on Eutychius, we should get a proper translation, and with it, inevitably, notes and commentary.  If I stopped to worry about footnotes, I would lose all momentum.

    I have finally recovered from the three-week long virus that I mentioned in previous updates.  I would like to thank everyone who prayed and wished me well.  While not serious, it seemed interminable.  Thank you everyone.

    I have also reordered my library.  I find that a very large portion of my books consists of novels.  Many of these novels belong to a series.  What I have done is to gather together all the volumes of each series.  This means that, if I look for a book, and I know that it is part of a series of collection, then I don’t have to hunt through my shelves for one volume.  There will be several volumes, or a shelf or two, to locate.  It’s easier on the eyes.  The non-series material has been  gathered into a few shelves.  This too should make it easier to locate.

    But with all this, I am forced to conclude that the original volume, for which I hunted in vain, is gone.  This was my 1980 paperback of C. S. Lewis, Voyage to Venus.  But thanks to the miracle of Abebooks, I have placed an order for that very same volume, and it will arrive sometime in the next week.

    Abebooks is a miracle.  I remember the pre-internet days very well.  If you wanted to obtain a particular volume in this way, you had only two choices.

    On the one hand, I could (and did) haunt second-hand bookshops.  The locations of these were not easy to find, even if you had a paper handbook like Driff’s.  This might give an idea of the sort of stock and location.  But usually your search would be futile.  On the positive side, you had the chance to drive to many a small country town on summery days, and the bookshops made a useful destination for such a drive.  I have many happy memories of driving through Norfolk, looking for this or that shop as listed in Driff.

    On the other hand there were ingenious gentlemen who advertised a “book search” service – for a fee – in trade magazines.  I remember going into my local bookshop and asking them to find me a book, and they did so, using such a service.  No doubt I was charged several times the price  that the seller received.  These services probably made use of auctions in London.

    But that was your lot.  Your chances of finding a particular edition were slim.  Indeed if your interests were specialised, your chances of finding an author were slim.  I always used to look for Tertullian, back in the 1980s.  I never encountered even one!

    So services like Abebooks, which we take for granted, are indeed marvellous.  Indeed it was only through an online search that I acquired the extremely rare translation of Eutychius that I have been translating into English.

    There is much bad news in the world, now as always.  But if we can step aside from the follies of rulers and ruled, we may remember that we live in an era of unprecedented plenty.  These are days of wonder, and we must be grateful.

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    May Pieces Of My Mind #2

    • I don’t know what “the winter of 1473” means. January and February? November and December?
    • Just got home from a sunny bike ride that was also incidentally my least successful geocaching expedition ever. I was in Hammarby Sjöstad, a recently built and densely populated urban area. The only way a geocache survives in such an environment is by extreme stealth. And GPS navigators do really poorly between tall buildings. I simply couldn’t find the little fuckers.
    • Cousin E has taught us the popular old Maoist card game “Fight the Landowner”.
    • Translationale Magnetresonanztomographie. Betriebswirtschaftslehre. Unternehmensbesteuerung.
    • I’m hoping that voters around Europe are paying attention to US news and learning a thing or two about what happens when you elect poorly educated and inexperienced anti-establishment candidates to high office.
    • The Wallenberg/SEB banking family founded Saltsjöbaden in 1892. Now they’re closing their branch office at the little local mall, est. 1969. I haven’t been to a bank office in years.
    • Saw an ad for equity release. I assume that it means mutual orgasm. I’m strongly pro.
    • Almost every one of the 40 participants at the Social Democrat intro course I attended today was either the child of an immigrant, the spouse of an immigrant or an immigrant. A lot of well educated and articulate people. Encouraging both for the party and for society at large.
    • I hate pre-installed apps that can’t be uninstalled.
    • I judge books by their first 50 pages, whether to continue reading. Now I looked at The Lord of the Rings in this way. In its first 50 pp you learn what the Ring really is. Oh yeah.