Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

http://planet.atlantides.org/maia

Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

January 24, 2020

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Βιβλιοθήκη της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας (ΒΑΕ)

Βιβλιοθήκη της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας (ΒΑΕ)
ISSN: 1105-7785
Από το 1851 η Εταιρεία εκδίδει σε ξεχωριστούς τόμους μελέτες και μονογραφίες. Τα πρώτα χρόνια οι εκδόσεις αυτές ήταν λίγες. Από τη γραμματεία του Γ. Οικονόμου έγιναν περισσότερες και επί Α. Ορλάνδου σχηματίστηκε μια σειρά σπουδαιότατη που περιλαμβάνει εκτός από ογκώδεις μονογραφίες πολλές διδακτορικές διατριβές.

Μέχρι στιγμής στη σειρά ΒΑΕ έχουν δημοσιευτεί 305 τόμοι αυτοτελών επιστημονικών έργων, στους οποίους συμπεριλαμβάνονται και οι 29 τόμοι της σειράς «Αρχαίοι τόποι και Μουσεία της Ελλάδος»:

Κατάλογος Τίτλων


From 1851 onwards, the Society publishes studies and monographs in individual volumes. In the first years, such publications were limited in number. During Georgios Oikonomos’s secretariat more publications emerged, whereas the time of Anastasios Orlandos was marked by a very important series that includes massive monographs as well as numerous dissertations. To date, the BAE series includes 305 volumes of individual scholarly works that also contain the 29 volumes of the series “Ancient Sites and Museums of Greece”:

  • Μονογραφίες 1851 - 1950
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    • ΒΑΕ-1, ΒΑΕ-2, ΒΑΕ-3, ΒΑΕ-23
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  • Μονογραφίες 1951 - 1968
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  • Μονογραφίες 1969 - 1979
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  • Μονογραφίες 1981 - 1991
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  • Μονογραφίες 1992 - 1995
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  • Μονογραφίες 1996 - 1998
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  • Μονογραφίες 1999
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See AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

Open Access Journal: Ο Μέντωρ

Ο Μέντωρ
ISSN: 1105-7181
Tριμηνιαίο περιοδικό με ειδήσεις που αφορούν την Aρχαιολογική Eταιρεία και το έργο της και μικρά άρθρα αρχαιολογικά, αρχαιογνωστικά ή σχετικά με την ιστορία της ελληνικής αρχαιολογίας καθώς και εκτενή σχόλια που αφορούν τη σημερινή θέση και τύχη των ελληνικών αρχαιοτήτων.

Μέχρι στιγμής έχουν δημοσιευτεί 28 τόμοι του περιοδικού «ο Μέντωρ»:
Περιεχόμενα τόμων
  • Tόμος 1, τεύχη 1-2, 1988
  • Tόμος 2, τεύχη 3-8, 1989
  • Tόμος 3, τεύχη 9-13, 1990
  • Tόμος 4, τεύχη 14-18, 1991
  • Tόμος 5, τεύχη 19-23, 1992

Quarterly periodical containing news regarding the Archaeological Society and its work, as well as short articles on archaeology, the history of the discipline in Greece as well as lengthy comments regarding the present location and fate of Greek antiquities.
  • Tόμος 6, τεύχη 25-28, 1993
  • Tόμος 7, τεύχη 29-32, 1994
  • Tόμος 8, τεύχη 33-36, 1995
  • Tόμος 9, τεύχη 37-40, 1996
  • Tόμος 10, τεύχη 41-44, 1997
  • Tόμος 11, τεύχη 45-48, 1998
  • Tόμος 12, τεύχη 49-52
  • Tόμος 13, τεύχη 53-56, 2000
  • Tόμος 14, τεύχη 57-61
  • Tόμος 15, τεύχη 62-65, 2002
  • Tόμος 16, τεύχη 66-69
  • Tόμος 17, τεύχη 70-73, 2004
  • Tόμος 18, τεύχη 74-77
  • Tόμος 19, τεύχη 78-80, 2006
  • Τόμος 20, τεύχη 82-86, 2007
  • Τόμος 21, τεύχη 87-90, 2008
  • Τόμος 22, τεύχη 91-94
  • Τόμος 23, τεύχη 95-98, 2010
  • Τόμος 24, τεύχη 99-101, 2011
  • Τόμος 25, τεύχη 102-104, 2012
  • Τόμος 26, τεύχη 105-107, 2013
  • Τόμος 27, τεύχη 108-110, 2014
  • Τόμος 28, τεύχη 111-113, 2015

3D model of the Pergamon Altar

3D model of the Pergamon Altar

Der Pergamonaltar

Foto: Antikensammlung SMB, Johannes Laurentius 

Die Berliner Antikensammlung besitzt ein einzigartiges Denkmal der griechischen Antike. Der Große Altar wurde im 2. Jh. v. Chr. in der kleinasiatischen Königsresidenz Pergamon errichtet. Nach seiner Wiederentdeckung im späten 19. Jh. gelangten gemäß Fundteilung ausgewählte Architekturteile sowie der Skulpturenschmuck des Altars nach Berlin. Sie werden in einer monumentalen Teilrekonstruktion im Pergamonmuseum präsentiert. Der 113 m lange Sockelfries des Altars, der auch unter den Bezeichnungen Gigantenfries oder Großer Fries bekannt ist, gilt als Meisterwerk der hellenistischen Bildhauerkunst. Er zeigt einen an Dynamik und Pathos kaum zu überbietenden Kampf zwischen Göttern und Giganten.
Im Rahmen des Masterplans Museumsinsel wird das Pergamonmuseum seit 2013 abschnittsweise saniert, der Saal mit dem Pergamonaltar ist seit Herbst 2014 bis voraussichtlich 2019 geschlossen.

Der Pergamonaltar 3D

Wenn Sie diese Infobox schließen, gelangen Sie direkt zum digitalen 3D-Modell des Altarsaals im Pergamonmuseum. Per Klick in die 3D-Szene lassen sich Informationen zu den Friesdarstellungen abrufen. Zusätzlich können Sie per Detailansicht den Gigantenfries in hochaufgelöster Nahansicht erkunden. Um diese Infobox wieder anzuzeigen, verwenden Sie den Info-Button der Werkzeugleiste, welche sich in der oberen rechten Ecke befindet.
Wählen Sie in der 3D-Ansicht oder der folgenden Liste eine Friesseite, so erhalten Sie Informationen zu den Darstellungen auf dem Fries. Sie können dann in einer Detailansicht und anhand der im Text selektierbaren Ansichten den jeweiligen Fries erkunden.

Open Access Journal: ARIT Newsletter

 [First posted in AWOL 4 December 2009. Updated 24 January 2020]

ARIT Newsletter
ARITLogo
Twice a year the Institute publishes the ARIT Newsletter, distributed widely in the academic community and among the Friends of ARIT. It provides information about the ARIT's recent activities and programs, including the news from each center, research reports from recent fellows in Turkey, lists of current fellows and donors.

Volume 62, 2019
      - ARIT Istanbul director Dr. Antony Greenwood retires; new director Zeynep Simavi takes up the post
.
      -
Visiting interns work on American Board Archives and Feriköy Cemetery projects.
      - ARIT Ankara collaborates to offera workshop on the joint heritage of the Pergamon-Lesbos micro-regio.
      - Remembering CAORC's Dr. Mary Ellen Lane.
      - ARIT fellows reports: drama in Greek festivals; Uyghur language and culture in
Turkey; an ethnography of the port of Mersin.
Volume 61, 2018
      - Fundraising successes and needs
      -
Istanbul Library at Bibliopera; American Board Archives development
      - Ankara supports local conference on islands of the Byzantine Mediterranean and a writing workshop for students.
      - ARIT fellows reports: Ottoman textiles and cheese-making in northeastern Turkey.

Volume 60, Winter 2017-2018
      - New location for ARIT Istanbul
      - ARIT Ankara collaborates to present programs to protect cultural heritage. 

      - Hanfmann and Mellink fellows' symposium. 
      - Research reports: ARIT fellows report on archaeological and archival research.

Volume 59, Spring 2016
      - Research in Turkey continues.
      - ARIT helps develop programs to protect heritage. 

      - SALT Galata in Istanbul exhibits materials from the American Board Archive. 
     
- The Sardis Symphony debuts at the Temple of Artemis. 

      - Research reports: ARIT fellow reports on contemporary synagogue liturgy in Istanbul.

Volume 58, Spring 2015

      - Studies related to Turkey grow, along with ARIT institutional membership
      - ARIT Istanbul opens new on-line access to American Board archives and library materials
      - ARIT Ankara director presents at the 20th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists
and facilitates programs on cultural heritage protection
      - Research reports: On social complexity and crop production at chalcolithic Çadır Höyük and on Looking over Ottoman readers' shoulders.
Volume 57, Fall 2014
      - ARIT and the NEH.
      - ARIT Istanbul Friends initiate the John Freely Fellowship Fund.
      - ARIT welcomes additional new institutional members.
      - Research report: Subsistence and Ritual as evidenced by bone remains in southern Cappadocia.
Volume 56, Spring 2014
      - Reflections on ARIT's 50th.
      - ARIT welcomes additional new institutional members.
      - Research reports: Statistics and reform in contemporary Turkey; the musical life of two Bektashi communities; Ottoman physical culture.
Volume 55, Spring 2013
      - 2014 is ARIT's 50th year: reflecting on past accomplishments and future plans.
     
 - ARIT welcomes additional new institutional member
      - New publication: writings of Dr. Toni M. Cross
      - Research reports: library collections of Ottoman Sufi scholars; Armenian churches in Istanbul.
Volume 54, Fall 2012
      - ARIT plans adaptations to reduced funding
     
 - ARIT welcomes five new institutional members
      - Research report: Classical architects of Asia Minor; Authenticating Eyüp in Istanbul.
Volume 53, Spring 2012
      
- ARIT's funding worries continue
     
 - ARIT Istanbul Library acquires the massive archive of the American Board of Missions
      - ARIT Ankara director reports on Turkish fellows traveling to Greece
      - Research report: Early Republican political cartoons
Volume 52, Fall 2011
      - ARIT loses much of its federal support for overseas operations and programs
      - ARIT Istanbul Library posts publications from the Library of the American Board of Missions on-line
      - ARIT Ankara director shares new developments concerning permits for U.S. archaeological excavations and surveys
      - Research report: Byzantine shipwreck explored
Volume 51, Spring 2011
      - ARIT Istanbul facilities and developments
      - Library of the American Board of Missions at ARIT Istanbul
      - ARIT Ankara names Coulson - Cross Aegean Exchange fellows for 2011
      - Research reports:  Ottoman Women, Legal Reform, and Social Change; Spanish Moriscos in the Ottoman realm
Volume 50, Fall 2010
      - Local Archives and Libraries of Overseas Research Centers (LAORC) launches new database on the Digital Library for International Research (DLIR)
      - Access to research facilities in Istanbul
      - ARIT facilitates cooperation with new permit procedures for archaeological projects
      - Research reports:  Religion and politics and the Ottoman-Iranian border; Polychromy of Roman marble sculpture from Aphrodisias
Volume 49, Spring 2010
      - Meet the new ARIT President
      - New ARIT Turkish fellows pursue a broad range of research projects
      - Archaeologists adapt to new excavation regulations
      - Research reports:  Late Antique Portrait Sculpture; Perspectives of German-Turkish return migrants.
Volume 48, Fall 2009
      - ARIT President Sams recounts his presidency that is coming to an end
      - ARIT center affiliates have diverse backgrounds and interests
      - ARIT Ankara and Cypriot American Archaeological Research Institute exchange scholar/directors
      - Research reports:  Piracy in the Ottoman Mediterranean; Hittite conception of space.
Volume 47, Spring 2009
      - ARIT Mellon Fellows contributions.
      - New tours and sites in Turkey
      - Machteld J. Mellink remembered in Ankara
      - Research report:  A study of Ottoman deeds in Çorum yields detailed histories.
Volume 46, Fall 2008
       - ARIT Ankara director changes: farewell to Baha Yildirim, greetings to Elif Denel.
       - Turkish Language programs and fellowships program grow
       - ARIT continues to seek new facilities for the Istanbul center
       - Research reports:  Ottoman military levies; Little Ice Age crisis in Ottoman lands.
Volume 45, Spring 2008
        - ARIT begins building a library endowment with the help of the NEH Endowment Challenge grant.
        - Kress Foundation fellows cited; Turkish fellowships program grows
        - ARIT seeks new facilities for the Istanbul center
        - Research reports:  Turkish Alevism; Greek pottery at Gordion.
Volume 44, Fall 2007
        - ARIT wins NEH Endowment Challenge grant to upgrade libraries.
        - Joukowsky Family Foundation supports publication of fellows' research.
        - Research reports:  Suleyman the Lawgiver; Cultural Debates in Istanbul Recording Studios.
Volume 43, Spring 2007
        - Ankara Library receives Mellink collection and expands.
        - Expanded intensive Department of State Turkish language programs continue.
        - Research reports:  The Making of the National Identity in Ottoman Macedonia; The Tektaş Burnu Shipwreck.
Volume 42, Fall 2006
        - The Council of American Overseas Research Centers marks twenty-five years.
        - New Department of State funding supports advanced language study in Turkey for U.S. beginning students. 
        - List of ARIT Fellowships for 2006-2007.
        - Research report:  The Architectural Patronage of Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad
Volume 41, Spring 2006
       - Machteld Johanna Mellink remembrance.
       - New legal status for ARIT in Turkey in process.
       - Annual Fund drive.
       - Research reports:  Thracian Names and the Greek Epigraphic Evidence in East Thrace and Asia Minor; Secularizations and their Discontents:  a Cross-National Study;        The Civil Basilica of Aphrodisias.   
Volume 40, Fall 2005
        - George and Ilse Hanfmann Fellowship Program.
        - Increased research activities in libraries and hostels in both Ankara and Istanbul. 
        - List of ARIT Fellowships for 2005-2006.
        - Research report:  Roman urbanism in southwestern Turkey; history of the Sabbatian communities.    
 Volume 39, Spring 2005
        - The Turkish Cultural Foundation offers new support for Turkish fellows in Turkey.
        - Increased support means more Turkish fellows supported in the program administered by the Istanbul Dernek.
        - Aegean Exchange fellows plan their research projects in Greece. 
        - Annual fund drive.
        - Research Report:  Byzantine-Ottoman 'overlap' architecture in Turkey.  

Volume 38, Fall 2004
        - William D. E. Coulson - Toni M. Cross Aegean Exchange gains permanent funding through the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
        - Changes in the laws guiding applications for research permissions occupy directors in both centers. 
        - List of ARIT Fellowships for 2004-2005.
        - Research report:  ancient wine-making in Turkey.    
Volume 37, Spring 2004 
        - Interest in U.S.-based research in Turkey on the increase; research are programs thriving.
        - New Turkish law changes the process for foreigners applying for research permissions.   
        - Hanfmann Fellows travel abroad to carry out varied research projects; the Public Affairs Office of the U.S. Consulate in Ankara continues to support the Aegean Exchange Program.
        - Research report:  prehistoric dietary habits examined through micro-wear analysis.
ARIT Newsletter Archive:  
  Volume 36, Fall 2003 Volume 18, Fall 1994
  Volume 35, Spring 2003 Volume 17, Spring 1994
  Volume 34, Fall 2002 Volume 16, Fall 1993
  Volume 33, Spring 2002 Volume 15, Spring 1993
  Volume 32, Fall 2001 Volume 14, Fall 1992
  Volume 31, Spring 2001 Volume 13, Spring 1992
  Volume 30, Fall 2000 Volume 12, Fall 1990
  Volume 29, Spring 2000 Volume 11, Spring 1990
  Volume 28, Fall 1999 Volume 10, Fall 1989
  Volume 27, Spring 1999 Volume 8-9, 1988-1989
  Volume 26, Fall 1998 Volume 7, 1988
  Volume 25, Spring 1998 Volume 6, 1987.2
  Volume 24, Fall 1997 Volume 5, 1987.1
  Volume 23, Spring 1997 Volume 4, 1980
  Volume 22, Fall 1996 Volume 3, 1977
  Volume 21, Spring 1996 Volume 2, 1976
  Volume 20, Fall 1995 Volume 1, 1975
  Volume 19, Spring 1995  
























































Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Leominster: Sickly Numismatist gets a Suspended Sentence


Fags not good
 for the health
This sentence was supposed to have been delivered a month ago, in December last year (BBC, 'Man gets suspended sentence for hiding Viking treasure' 24/1/2020). Most of the estimated 300 coins believed to be in the hoard are still missing:
Paul Wells was one of four men guilty of stealing and concealing about 300 coins found in a field in Eye, near Leominster in Herefordshire, in 2015. The coin seller was handed a 12-month suspended jail sentence at Worcester Crown Court. He was sentenced after his co-defendants because he was ill at the time of his conviction in November. The 60-year-old from Cardiff, and fellow seller Simon Wicks, were found guilty of concealing the find [...] Wells admitted during his trial he knew the coins should [have been] declared under the Treasure Act[...]  Just 31 coins - worth between £10,000 and £50,000 - and some pieces of jewellery have been found [...] Judge Nicolas Cartwright suspended Wells's jail sentence for two years and ordered him to do 15 days of rehabilitation and 240 hours of unpaid work. He acknowledged Wells had "significant health difficulties", which made his position "very different to that of your co-accused"
It did not stop him from committing the offence however. Depending on the circumstances, perhaps the other three are worried that Wells knows, or could find out where the other 260 coins ("worth between £10,000 and £50,000") are and monetise them himself before the other three get out. Perhaps that is part of the judge's strategy.

The journalist got a bit confused writing about the Treasure Act which his readers were told "is so proceeds can be shared between the finder and landowner". Hmmm. When are the PAS going to arrange information sessions for the British press so we see less of this nonsense?

Carole Raddato (Following Hadrian)

Felix dies natalis, Hadriane!

Happy 1944th birthday, Hadrian! This year, I decided to bake a honey cake as Hadrian’s birthday cake. Ingredients: 3 eggs 200 grams liquid honey 50 grams spelt flour Instructions: Whip eggs with an electric mixer or a stand mixer fitted with the whisk attachment. Beat them until they are stiff and form peaks. Slowly pour… Continue reading Felix dies natalis, Hadriane!

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Before, During, and After: Micromorphology and the life history of archaeological sites in Greece

January 24, 2020 19:00 - LECTURE Daniel Fallu, Tromsø University Museum & UiT The Arctic University of Norway

L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

Stage d’initiation à l’étude de la céramique gauloise – Bibracte – 27 au 30 avril 2020

Stage d’initiation à l’étude de la céramique gauloise à partir des corpus de mobilier de Bibracte.   Lieu : BIBRACTE EPCC, Centre archéologique européen, 58370 Glux-en-Glenne Dates : du lundi 27 avril au jeudi 30 avril 2020 Buts : Initiation à l’identification, à l’enregistrement, à la quantification et à la datation des...

Compitum - événements (tous types)

L'objet monde au Moyen Âge

Titre: L'objet monde au Moyen Âge
Lieu: Maison de la recherche de Paris III / Paris
Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
Date: 10.02.2020
Heure: 09.00 h - 17.00 h
Description:

Information signalée par Enimie Rouquette

L'objet monde au Moyen Âge

Clôtures et mise en ordre dans les productions littéraires, iconographiques et architecturales

lundi 10 février 2020 [9h-17h]
Maison de la Recherche – Sorbonne nouvelle
4 rue des irlandais, 75005 Paris

 

Le programme et l'argumentaire se trouvent ici: https://lamop.hypotheses.org/6400

Lieu de la manifestation : Paris, Maison de la Recherche – Sorbonne nouvelle, 4 rue des irlandais, 75005
Organisation : Mathieu BEAUD (LaMOP, Université Paris 1) , Luce CARTERON (CERAM, Université Paris 3), Kristina MITALAÏTE (LEM, CNRS) , Enimie ROUQUETTE (CERAM, Université Paris 3).
Contact : objetmonde[at]gmail.com

Turkish Archaeological News

The Secrets of Troy - new guidebook

The tale of mighty Troy has tempted the travellers for thousands of years. The tragic fate of the powerful city of King Priam, sung by the semi-legendary bard called Homer, has been one of the most frequently retold dramas of all times. Even in the ancient times, when Asia Minor was colonised by the Greeks and later controlled by the Romans, the site of Troy was a great tourist attraction.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Engraved with fangs, ornate swirls, Peruvian monument lay hidden for 2,000 years

A sprawling, stone monument decorated with swirls, circular patterns and godly fangs has been hiding...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Cleveland Museum of Art Open Access Collections

Cleveland Museum of Art Open Access Collections
Home
The Cleveland Museum of Art announced on January 23, 2019, that it is an Open Access institution, using the Creative Commons Zero (CC0) designation for high-resolution images and data as related to its collection. At the Cleveland Museum of Art, Open Access means the public now has the ability to  share, collaborate, remix, and reuse images of many as 30,000 public- domain artworks from the CMA’s world-renowned collection of art for commercial and non-commercial purposes. In addition, portions of collections information (metadata) for more than 61,000 artworks, both in the public domain and those works with copyright or other restrictions, works are now available. 
Greek and Roman Art

ArcheoNet BE

Ex situ 26: over tegelvloeren, treintunnels en vuursteenvondsten

Onlangs rolde het 26ste nummer van Ex situ van de persen. Ook deze keer staat het tijdschrift garant voor een afwisseling van interviews, verslagen en fotoreportages over Vlaamse opgravingen en Vlaamse archeologen in het buitenland. Ontdek de hele inhoud op exsitu.be en neem meteen een gratis abonnement!

Stad Tienen zoekt erfgoedcoördinator en depotverantwoordelijke

De stad Tienen heeft momenteel enkele interessante vacatures. Zo is de stad op zoek naar een voltijdse erfgoedcoördinator, een depotverantwoordelijke / collectieregistrator en een technisch medewerker erfgoed. Solliciteren voor deze functies kan nog tot 9 februari. Je vindt de volledige vacatures op www.tienen.be.

The Heroic Age


> *Translation and the limits of Greek-Latin bilingualism in Late Antiquity
> (ca. 300-600 CE)*
>
> Panel at the 13th Celtic Conference in Classics, Lyon 15-18 2020
>
> Abstract submission deadline: *March 20, 2020*
>
> *Confirmed speakers:​*
>
> Eleanor Dickey (University of Reading)
>
> Adam Gitner (*Thesaurus Linguae Latinae*, Bayerische Akademie der
> Wissenschaften)
>
> Bruno Rochette (Université de Liège)
>
> Alison John (Universiteit Gent)
>
> Alan Ross (Columbia University)
>
> Bilingualism between Latin and Greek sits at odds with the major scholarly
> re-evaluations of Late Antiquity that characterize this period as an age of
> cultural, political and religious transformations, as opposed to an era of
> decline and fall. Being expert *utraque lingua* ‘in both languages [i.e.
> Latin and Greek]’, had been an integral part of Roman intellectual culture
> and identity since the late Republic; but, according to conventional
> interpretation, by the end of the fourth century CE, the decline of Greek
> education in the west (evidenced by the rise in Latin translations of Greek
> texts, especially by Christians), and the relegation of Latin to the
> language of law and the bureaucracy in the East, were inescapable signs of
> cultural decline. By the fifth century, a linguistic divide reinforced the
> political division of the empire between east and west, Greek and Latin
> (Millar, 2006; Riché, 1976; Jones, 1964; Marrou, 1948). When bilingualism
> in Late Antiquity has recently been studied more positively, it has been
> often been from a multilingual perspective, between Latin or Greek and
> other languages of the Mediterranean world, Coptic, Syriac, or Punic
> (Rigolio 2019; Mullen and James, 2012; Adams, Janse, and Swain, 2002).
>
> In the absence of any sustained study of Greek-Latin bilingualism and
> translation practice in the late antique period, this panel seeks to
> examine the function and prevalence of Greek-Latin bilingualism and to
> explore the connections between language communities and intellectual
> cultures across the empire from the Tetrarchy to the reign of Justinian.
> Particularly it wishes to question the assumed negative correlation between
> a decline in bilingualism and a rise in translation, and to do so from the
> perspective both of Latin in a Greek context and Greek in Latin.
>
> Proposals are sought for papers that approach the topic from a wide range
> of perspectives: not just linguistic but literary, codicological, legal,
> political or historical. Papers that address one or more of the following
> questions would be especially welcome:
>
> ·      How regionalized or uniform were changes in educational practices
> in Greek and Latin language-learning? How did these change between the
> fourth and sixth centuries?
>
> ·      What counts as ‘being bilingual’ in Late Antiquity?
>
> ·      What effect did the increase in the imperial bureaucracy in the
> fourth century have upon the extent of the knowledge and use of Latin in
> the east?
>
> ·      As bilingualism became rarer, to what extent did it become a
> sought-after skill? Did any new opportunities present themselves for
> someone expert *utraque lingua*? How did such opportunities affect normal
> power relations, e.g. between a monolingual emperor or governor and a
> bilingual advisor?
>
> ·      What were the motivations for translation, and why were certain
> works deemed necessary for translation and others not?
>
> ·      How were newly translated texts received by other (monolingual)
> authors, and to what extent did they inspire subsequent compositions?
>
> ·      To what extent did linguistic translation also entail cultural
> translation between Greek and Latin, east and west, or vice versa (cf.
> Jerome’s statement that in translating Eusebius’ *Chronicle* he also
> added western events omitted by the eastern Eusebius)?
>
> ·      How closely implicated was a decline in bilingualism with societal
> problems, e.g. doctrinal conflicts between Christians, or problems of legal
> interpretation and practice?
>
> ·      How do Greek texts composed in the West, or Latin texts composed in
> the East affect our picture of changing levels of bilingualism or
> expectations of their initial audiences’ linguistic skills?
>
> ·      How was scribal practice affected by changes in bilingualism?
>
> ·      To what extent does evidence for bilingualism or translation in the
> epigraphic and material record align with that of literary texts?
>
>
>
> We welcome proposals for papers of 35 minutes. Please submit an abstract
> of approximately 400 words and a proposed title by *March 20, 2020*.
> Papers may be in either English or French. Please include your
> institutional affiliation in your email.
>
>
> Submissions and questions can be directed to either Alison John (
alison.john@ugent.be) or Alan Ross (alan.ross@columbia.edu
> <ajr2242@columbia.edu>).
>
>
> For more information about the Celtic Conference in Classics:
www.celticconferenceinclassics.org.
>
>
>
> The panel convenors,
>
>
>
> Alison John (Universiteit Gent, Belgium)
>
> Alan Ross (Columbia University, New York)

ArcheoNet BE

NMBS verkoopt beschermd stationsgebouw van Oppuurs

De NMBS zoekt momenteel een koper voor het beschermde stationsgebouw van Oppuurs (Puurs-Sint-Amands). Het station werd in 1912-1913 gebouwd langs de spoorlijn Antwerpen-Dendermonde. In 2004 werd het station van Oppuurs beschermd als monument. Geïnteresseerden kunnen nog tot 20 maart een bod uitbrengen. De instelprijs is vastgelegd op 130.000 euro.

Meer info op www.belgiantrain.be.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

The weekend before the Super Bowl is always the most boring (and depressing) weekend of the year. It’s always cold. The days haven’t really started getting longer in any kind of discernible way. The blush is off the new semester and it’s possible to feel the grind. The best way to make this weekend passable is have a good book or two, some good food, some good beer, and some good company. 

Maybe my quick hits and varia can help too:

IMG 4606Sun Spots and Heaters

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for January 24, 2019

Hodie est a.d. IX Kal. Feb. 2772 AUC ~ 30 Poseideon II in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It

Classicists and Classics in the News

Greek/Latin News

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcasts

Book Reviews

Professional Matters

Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends an outbreak of disease after a period of shortages.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Princely tomb of Iron Age mystery man discovered in Italy. And there's a chariot inside.

Archaeologists have found the remains of an entire iron-wheeled war chariot in a newly discovered...

José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

El barco en la cueva

Hace unos días salió publicado mi artículo The Ship in the Cave: The Greek and Nautical Origin of Buddhist Architecture en la web del Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering. Publico hoy aquí la versión en español para disfrute de propios y extraños y alimento de mi vanidad (clica aquí o en la imagen para descargarlo):

Captura de la primera página del artículo "El barco en la cueva…"

La revista es una publicación conjunta de tres asociaciones de arquitectura de Japón, Corea y China que tienen en total unos 165 000 asociados, y figura en el ranking Scimago de 2018, bajo el tema «Arquitectura», como la primera de Japón y de Corea y la segunda de China, y en el primer cuartil (Q1) para todo el mundo. Todavía me cuesta creerlo.

El artículo es el resultado de años de trabajo. Hace unos 15 años había llegado ya a la conclusión de que el templo griego era el resultado de voltear y apoyar sobre soportes un pentecontero, el barco de guerra habitual en el Egeo en el tránsito de la Edad del Bronce a la del Hierro. Presenté incluso una comunicación sobre el tema en el XII Congreso de la Sociedad de Estudios Clásicos (Valencia 2007) titulada «Del shadouf a las columnas dórica y jónica», limitada por la organización a los 20 000 caracteres, pero no se incluyó en Perfiles de Grecia y Roma, los dos volúmenes de actas que se publicaron después, así que no tuvo ninguna repercusión. Fracasado ese intento, confié en difundir mi hipótesis a través de la web pompilos.org pero esta, a falta de retroalimentación de sus hipotéticos lectores, poco a poco languideció. Algo así me esperaba, cuando la ilustré con esta cita:

«El progreso ha puesto al alcance de cada ciudadano, y no sólo de unos pocos profetas escogidos, la posibilidad de dedicarse al lujo de predicar en el desierto». Gabriel Zaid

«Afirmaciones extraordinarias requieren pruebas extraordinarias» dijo alguien, y yo no tenía el tiempo, la formación científica, ni la fluidez en la escritura necesaria para explicarme por extenso y conseguir publicar donde resultara visible. Necesitaba una prueba simple pero definitiva, encontrar un barco de piedra volteado por ejemplo, y esa prueba apareció casualmente al cabo de los años, pero en la India y 500 años posterior a lo que yo esperaba: eran los primeros templos budistas, como el de Lomas Rishi. Solo tuve que tirar del hilo, vencer un bloqueo persistente ante el folio en blanco y a comienzos de 2017 tenía un manuscrito presentable. Varias revistas lo rechazaron, como es habitual, (cinco en español, un intento vano) hasta que di con la octava y última.

Chaitya de Karla con vistas del techo y su madera original

Foto: Kevin Standage, en Wikimedia Commons, con licencia CC BY-SA 2.0.

Ahora mismo, recién publicado, cambiaría una palabra del título —«naval» mejor que «náutico»— y, con harto dolor de mi corazón, retiraría al bueno pero muy hipotético Odiseo de su argumentario, porque he dado con el quid simple y rotundo que lo hace innecesario. Otro día lo cuento.

Agradezco enormemente a los editores de JAABE su valentía, y que me eximieran de los gastos de publicación a que obliga la fórmula del open access. También a los investigadores que han hecho accesibles en internet los artículos y libros que he consultado, y a los fotógrafos y dibujantes que publicaron con licencias generosas las imágenes que he incluido. Un investigador amateur, que lee y escribe en su casa durante su tiempo libre, no puede investigar ni publicar sino gracias a ellos.

Para maquetar la versión en español del artículo he usado Scribus 1.5.5, que me ha sorprendido espectacularmente. El programa de maquetación, software libre y multiplataforma, ha llegado a la mayoría de edad, y he hecho con él casi lo mismo que hacía años atrás con QuarKXpress, con el que tanto gocé.

Tengo mucho más que contar sobre temas colindantes o parecidos, y yo diría que igual de bonito, pero me conozco y tengo miedo a obsesionarme. Quedo ahora a la espera de reacciones, en mi email o en los comentarios a este blog. Gracias. Y de nada.

Añadido 19/01/2020. Se me olvidó incluir el comentario de mi hija, divertida: «O sea que un español escribe en inglés un artículo sobre unos griegos que construyen templos en la India, y se publica en Japón». «Pues sí, en Japón, Corea y China» puntualizo. Puro siglo XXI.

Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

(S-ite)rations: Memory, Forgetting and the Temporal Architecture of Place

This part of my series of posts on conference presentations, that I have filmed. This is another one from the TAG conference:

Session Info

Place is constructed through located practice; through ongoing engagement, it is in a constant state of becoming. Place presents and draws together multiple temporalities, allowing the emergence of conceptions, articulations and subversions of temporal rhythms. The significance of place as a locus for creating temporal consciousness and multiple temporalities has informed the development of diverse conceptual frameworks such as ‘the past in the past’ (Bradley and Williams 1998), social memory (Jones 2007), and residues (Lucas 2012). Recent discourse situated within a broadly new materialist agenda argues for the entanglement of phenomena in an unfolding web of becoming (Hodder 2012; Fowler 2013; Olsen 2012). These perspectives enable the development of different, more nuanced understandings of the relationships between place and time. Place and material remains are memory-making works that simultaneously reference the past, make sense of the present, and permit projections into the future. But the emergence of place is not limited to (re)active construction; the significance of pause (McFadyen 2006), anthropogenic hiatus, and active forgetting are also significant. Indeed, the affective qualities of ruination, absence, and forgetting are emerging as important areas of research (Olsen and Petursdottir 2014). In this session, we will explore these themes further. We invite papers that consider and problematise the ways in which place and situated memory produce, and are products of, different temporalities, and encourage contributions from practitioners working across all time periods. We are interested in examining ideas including but not limited to:

• The role of place in the emergence and maintenance of a sense of past

• The co-constitutional nature of time and place, building on notions of architecture as performance

• Place as a convergence of multi-temporal practices

• The intersections of remembering and forgetting through situated practice

• Memory, place, and the creation and maintenance of identities

• Ideological appropriation of place

Organisers: Emily Banfield (University of Leicester) and Philip Hughes (University of Leicester)

 

A New Career in a New Town: Locating sites of pilgrimage

https://youtu.be/YWJ5-Rzcbdc

In 1191, the monks of Glastonbury Abbey ‘discovered’ the tomb of King Arthur beneath a lead cross carrying the inscription ‘Hic jacet sepultus inclitus rex Arthurus in insula Avalonia’. On January 10, 2016, many people flocked to Tunstall Road, Brixton to leave flowers and offerings in front of a mural depicting Aladdin Sane, a character developed by David Jones (aka Bowie), who had died that day. There are more things connecting these events than first meets the eye. Firstly, both Arthur and Bowie are figures of myth, not to say fictions. The latter was one of many dramatic characters created by David Jones. Moreover, both Bowie and Arthur have connections with multiple locations; Heddon Street in Westminster has been a place of Bowie pilgrimage since the 1980s, Beckenham, where David Jones grew up, has attracted his fans since the 1970s (Graves-Brown and Orange 2017). More generally, Bowie and Arthur are just two of the many figures on the boundaries between fact and fiction who are celebrated in sites and monuments where their status remains ambiguous; the Sherlock Holmes ‘museum’ in London’s Baker Street or the Ianto Jones memorial in Cardiff Bay (Beattie 2014) being other UK examples. In this paper, we want to explore the social and cultural forces which lead certain locations to be sites of pilgrimage and reverence. In particular we will explore the reasons why certain places acquire fame through the appropriation of famous figures, real and fictional. Whilst not necessarily dismissing the claims made for these sites, we find that the creation of such shrines tells us a good deal about attitudes to death, commemoration, and celebrity.

Paul Graves-Brown (UCL) and Hilary Orange (UCL)

The Palmyra Arch: Places, memories and ideologies

https://youtu.be/i3kHMadQtQM

In April 2016 the Institute for Digital Archaeology (IDA) first set up a replica arch of Palmyra’s destroyed Triumphal Arch in Trafalgar Square, London. In this paper I will present responses to this replica arch that were gathered in my ‘Postcard to Palmyra’ project (independent to the IDA), focussing on those who commented on the appropriateness of the location chosen, in terms of its history and ideology. In addition, I will explore some of the issues that might be raised by the potential setting up of replicas such as these on the original site in the future. I will attempt to tease out the various strands of remembering and forgetting that are implicated in these reconstructions. Key questions that will be posed, then, include: how did place affect the replica arch in Trafalgar Square? How might a replica affect the sense of place and of ‘pastness’ in Palmyra in the future? In what ways are the processes of remembering and forgetting enhanced or disrupted by these actions?

Zena Kamash (Royal Holloway)

Reconstructions in Ruins: The practice of building and dismantling contemporary prehistoric dwellings in Japan

https://youtu.be/PB-tB0Jysac

This presentation introduces the practice of architectural ‘reconstruction’ at prehistoric sites in Japan. The stateled archaeological system in Japan has brought about thousands of new federal or municipal managed public spaces (e.g. site parks) since the 1950s. An ongoing survey has found over 300 sites that have constructed some 900 ‘prehistoric dwellings’ over the past 70 years. While issues of authenticity generally dominate discussion on reconstructions, this presentation focuses upon their ‘disappearance’ from sites. In contrast to their construction – which are based upon detailed evidence, have funding solicited in council meetings, and are celebrated with dedication ceremonies – there are generally no records of them being dismantled. This presentation introduces several examples of deconstruction that range from natural disasters, vandalism, lack of materials or craftsman, budget limitations, to experimental burning. The absence of active recording of these buildings’ ‘life histories’ is problematic for a number of reasons, but most importantly it reflects an ongoing discomfort in archaeology’s role in the creation and recreation of the contemporary (physical and social) landscape.

John Ertl (Kanazawa University)

Beyond the Functional: Palimpsests of memory and the significance of place in Middle Palaeolithic occupations

https://youtu.be/VZjmLnSLjSI

Middle Palaeolithic occupations are often only evaluated with regard to their functional purpose; discussions focus on the subsistence activities performed by a hominin group at the site. However, a more in-depth study into the behaviour at Middle Palaeolithic sites can reveal intricacies regarding the societies that once inhabited the site. Both intrasite patterns and palimpsests contain information about the socio-cultural behaviours of Middle Palaeolithic hominins. Intrasite patterns reflect behaviours ‘frozen in time’; one can observe the patterns of a group’s most intimate behaviour, from their sleeping areas to intragroup social relations. Consequently, hominins repeatedly returning to sites over thousands of years would have encountered the behaviours of their ancestors. Palimpsests will therefore reflect not only the repetition of group behaviours, but also hominins interand re-acting to their ancestors’ behaviours. This research aims to unlock these palimpsests of memory to provide an insight into the significance of place in the Middle Palaeolithic and reveal information regarding sociocultural behaviours within Neanderthal occupations.

Isobel Wisher (University of York)

Archaeology, Place Theory, and Process Philosophy

https://youtu.be/W3FuEewp34k

This paper outlines an intellectual framework for approaches to place within archaeology, explicitly building upon place theories developed within humanistic geography and philosophy (Tuan 1974, 1977; Relph 1976; Casey 1997; Malpas 1999), as well as the principles of Process Philosophy (Whitehead 1978). Although archaeologists have been influenced by the ideas emerging from the rich discourse on place theory (Tilley 1994), explicit engagement with the primary sources of this extra-archaeological discourse has been more limited, and we have largely failed to directly contribute back into this discourse. This paper, thus, addresses the following questions: how has place been theorised outside of archaeology, what are the implications of these ideas for archaeological research, and how can archaeologists make meaningful contributions to interdisciplinary understandings and appreciations of place? Process Philosophy has also received little direct attention within archaeology, although it can be argued that it has been (ironically) implicit in many post-processual approaches. Recently Gosden and Malafouris (2015) have directly advocated for a Process Archaeology (P-Arch) approach, using pottery making as an illustrative casestudy. This paper also critically considers place theory from a Process Philosophy perspective, focusing on the perpetually iterative nature of place and the relationships between locations, human experience, and memory.

Darrell J. Rohl (Canterbury Christ Church University)

On the Edges: Boundaries as places

https://youtu.be/_DpgxU0wkRA

Boundaries are transitory and ever-changing locales where interactions between people, places, and their associated routines happen. Those interactions are key in the understanding and perception of space by the people who built it and lived it, making the space they occupied a patchwork of overlapping places in relation to each other. As places constitute a central part of the human experience since they are a synthesis of physical space, memories, feelings, and lived experiences, looking into the nexus of places through their boundaries is a way to better understand people through their use of space. Mapping boundaries therefore consist of reconstructing the place-making process within a definite geographical space. Place making is central in the search for boundaries since they may very well be immaterial or faintly materially defined. In effect, because places are made of routine, time, and memory, the actions performed in places through time tend to define their limits even though it is no straightforward process. The proximity between actions or the superimposition of activities in a same geographical space transform places through their use and modify what a place is according to the person experiencing it. In this paper, the exploration of boundaries takes place in a longhouse from the Maritime archaic of North Eastern Canada.

Laurence Ferland (Universite Laval)

Scaling Ideological Time

https://youtu.be/KnxBjYxYo_U

‘If different processes and phenomena become apparent at different scales of observation, there can be no single unified history…only a multi-scalar [one] written from many different points of view.’ Presenting a nuanced narrative that resolves such ontological divides is often the task of heritage practitioners – but what happens when public practice overrides all offerings from empirical observation? When emergent waves of tangible data and expert opinion are deliberately rejected in the resilient maintenance of an ideological appropriation of place and time? This paper comments on just such a dilemma, using the Welsh Government initiative ‘Year of Legends’ (http://gov.wales/newsroom/culture-tou…) as a case study, where local identity has been founded upon a reuse of the ‘past within the past’ and socially situated memory is reliant upon an active process of forgetting.

Erin Kavanagh (University of Wales Trinity St David)

Giants’ churches: Stone Age megastructures as multi-temporal architecture

https://youtu.be/beUSdRp99KA

Until the 19th century the actual concept of the Stone Age, or prehistory, did not exist. The study of the human past was almost entirely based on textual remains, which were thought to record the entire past. Even in historical studies written during the 18th century, when new ideas about the human past were already bubbling under, material remains of the distant past were often treated with disregard. However, Stone Age architectural remains are a different kind of material residue. They are often too big and too visible in the landscape to be ignored. Since they could not be fitted into the familiar text-based timeline of history, their origins were often thought to involve supernatural beings. Ancient architecture forms an important bridge between the past and the present, since the structure and its place can be envisioned to exist in all times. This is often mentioned in relation to Roman and Medieval ruins kindling interest in past during the late 18th and early 19th century, but also Stone Age structures and ruins attracted attention, still retaining some of their mystic aura today.

Liisa Kunnas-Pusa (University of Helsinki)

Commemoration and change: remembering what may not have happened

https://youtu.be/dTn1a7wPXNc

The paper discusses the early Irish texts concerned with the significance of place names – dinnshenachas –which account for the historical importance of ancient monuments and other features. They are illustrated by the Medieval poem ‘Tara noblest of hills’. I compare the archaeology of the Hill of Tara with two reconstructions offered on the basis of early texts and contrast the different interpretations of this evidence by Jim Mallory and John Waddell. Although they share little common ground, the differences between their accounts help to identify the features that were rapidly forgotten and those that retained a little of their original significance. There is an important distinction between memory – the attempt to recall past events and practices – and commemoration – actions in the present inspired by the remains of the past.

Richard Bradley (University of Reading)

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Daniel and the king's food

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/RoEXSTKmiDA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

A gift for President Putin

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/jg6s-H-g5Eg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Niehoff and Levinson (eds.), Self, Self-Fashioning and Individuality in Late Antiquity

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/sgqkUIU7u_8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Doctor Who: Orphan 55

It is perhaps just as well that travels prevented me from blogging about this episode of Doctor Who right away after it aired. There is a big reveal that reframes the narrative and mentioning it when some might not have yet had the chance to see it would be cruelly spoilerific. As it happened, I […]

Paola Arosio and Diego Meozzi (Stone Pages' Archaeonews)

Study suggests two megalithic cultures were separate groups

A team of researchers from the U.K., Belgium and Spain has found evidence that two groups of people in Late Neolithic Europe living approximately 5,500 years ago belonged to two...

Children's graves reveal genetic diversity of ancient West Africa

Africa is the ancient homeland of our species, yet only a handful of sites bearing human fossils have successfully yielded ancient DNA, which is essential for grasping the genetic make-up...

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2020.01.36: Against the Academics: St. Augustine's Cassiciacum Dialogues, Volume 1

Review of Michael P. Foley, Against the Academics: St. Augustine's Cassiciacum Dialogues, Volume 1. New Haven; London: 2019. Pp. xli, 307. $18.00 (pb). ISBN 9780300238556.

2020.01.35: Polemii Silvii Latercvlvs. Fonti per la storia dell'Italia medievale. Antiquitates, 51

Review of David Paniagua, Polemii Silvii Latercvlvs. Fonti per la storia dell'Italia medievale. Antiquitates, 51. Roma: 2018. Pp. vi, 315. €35,00 (pb). ISBN 9788898079841.

2020.01.34: Seneca. Epistula ad Lucilium 124

Review of Pietro Li Causi, Seneca. Epistula ad Lucilium 124. Palermo: 2019. Pp. 77. ISBN 9788868895105.

L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

Appel à communication – Colloque international CELTIC Gold – Mainz (17-19 septembre 2020)

The ANR-DFG project CELTIC GOLD (2017-2020), based in Toulouse and Mannheim, invites to its concluding conference at Mainz. The venue is Landesmuseum Mainz. We want to discuss aspects on archaeometry and technology of La Tène gold and its setting. As it has been the aim of our project, we intend...

Archaeology Magazine

Vitrified Brain Tissue Discovered in Victim from Herculaneum

Herculaneum Vitrified BrainNAPLES, ITALY—According to a report in The Guardian, a team of researchers including forensic anthropologist Pier Paolo Petrone of the University of Naples Federico II found unique material inside the skull of a 25-year-old man whose charred, exploded bones were recovered in the 1960s from Herculaneum, an ancient city in southern Italy destroyed by pyroclastic flows during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79. The young man’s remains were found under a pile of volcanic ash, lying facedown on a wooden bed in a small room in the Collegium Augustalium, where an imperial cult worshiped the emperor Augustus. The man is thought to have been the caretaker of the building, and asleep at the time of the disaster. Petrone said analysis of the glassy black material, which was found only in the man’s skull, revealed proteins typically found in brain tissue, and fatty acids found in human hair, while analysis of charred wood at the site indicates the temperature had reached 968 degrees Fahrenheit. Petrone and his colleagues suggest the glassy material could be human brain tissue transformed by the heat of the eruption into glass. To read about an innovative method for examining Herculaneum's wall paintings, go to "Putting on a New Face."

Medieval Priest’s Remains Unearthed in England

Lincoln CathedralLINCOLNSHIRE, ENGLAND—The Lincolnite reports that archaeological investigations conducted by Allen Archaeology ahead of the installation of improved drainage works and landscaping in the area surrounding Lincoln Cathedral uncovered the grave of a medieval priest in a cemetery at the cathedral’s west front end. The priest was buried with a pewter chalice and a paten, which were used to serve bread and wine during the Christian communion service. The plain style of the artifacts suggests they date to the twelfth or thirteenth centuries. The renovation work has also uncovered a hand from a statue, a coin bearing the face of Edward the Confessor that was minted sometime between 1053 and 1056, and traces of Roman buildings, including highly decorative painted wall plaster, an incense burner, a perfume jar, and a spoon. To read about the rediscovery of a legendary English well that was the object of an ownership dispute between a priest and an agent for a local landowner, go to "The Curse of a Medieval Well."

January 23, 2020

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

Report on January 21, 2020, CPAC hearing to discuss proposed MOU's with Turkey and Tunisia


               On January 21, 2020, the U.S. Cultural Property Advisory Committee (“CPAC”) met to consider proposed MOU’s with Turkey and Tunisia.   CPAC is currently constituted as follows.  (1) Stefan Passantino (Public); (2) Adele Chatfield-Taylor (Public); (3) James Reap (Public); (4) Karol Wight (Museums); (5) Nancy C. Wilkie (Archaeology); (6) Ricardo A. St. Hilaire (Archaeology); (7) Lothar Von Falkenhausen (Archaeology); and  (8) Anthony Wisniewski (Collector-Sale of International Cultural Property).

                Due to the large number of speakers, the Chair indicated each speaker would only be allowed two (2) minutes rather than the usual five (5) minutes.  Those speakers in favor of MOU’s with Turkey and/or Tunisia were as follows: (1) Dr. Lynn Dodd; (2) Dr. Jane Evans; (3) Sam Hardy; (4); Dr. Christina Luke; (5) Dr. Brian Rose; (6) Tess Davis; (7) Dr. Nathan Elkins; (8) Dr. Elizabeth Greene; and (9) Katie Paul.  Those opposed to one or both MOU’s or their application to certain types of artifacts were as follows:  (1) Stephen Knerly; (2) Elias Gerasoulis; (3) Carol Basri; (4) Kate FitzGibbon; (5) Douglas Mudd; (6) Peter Tompa; and (7) Randolph Myers.

                Chairman Passatino welcomed the speakers.  He indicated that the Committee had read all the comments, particularly those of the speakers.  Given the large number of speakers, Mr. Passatino indicated that speakers would be limited to 2 minutes.  After all the speakers were finished, he would open up the floor to questions.

                Dr. Lynn Dodd is an archaeologist.  She supports Turkey’s MOU.  She indicates Turkey has met all the criteria to be granted a MOU.

                Dr. Jane Evans indicates coins are at risk from metal detectors.  She indicates excavation coins typically are local issues that do not circulate far from where they are made so they should be restricted.

                Sam Hardy starts his presentation honoring an archaeologist who took his own life rather than taking the blame for embezzlement.  He indicates trafficking is a real problem in Turkey.  He finds it odd that Turkey would not be granted a MOU because of problems within the country because granting a MOU will encourage positive forces in Turkey to clean up the country’s act.

                Dr. Christina Luke works in Turkey.  She echoes her support of others for a MOU with Turkey.

                Dr. Brian Rose of the University of Pennsylvania has seen looted sites.  Looting is a lucrative business that needs to be addressed. Turkey allows US Archaeologists to work in the country, which promotes educational exchange.

                Tess Davis and her organization, the Antiquities Coalition, supports the MOU with Turkey.  She focuses her comments on the third determination. She indicates there is a concerted international response of market nations now that the EU has promulgated import controls on cultural artifacts.
 
                Stephen Knerly spoke for the Association of Art Museum Directors.  He indicates that a MOU in this case would not be appropriate because the Turkish government is involved in state sanctioned looting and destruction of Turkey’s cultural patrimony.

                Elias Gerasoulis speaking for the American Hellenic Institute opposes any MOU with Turkey.  There is no rule of law in Turkey under Erdogan.  A number of Byzantine era cathedrals have been turned from museums into mosques.  Over 400 churches have been destroyed in Cyprus. Erdogan has shown disdain for religious minorities and the material remains of their culture.

                Dr. Nathan Elkins notes that prior MOUs have focused on coins that have circulated locally, but is time to expand upcoming MOU’s to include Roman Republican, Roman Imperial and Byzantine coins.  There are enough MOUs already where coins have been included that now is the time to treat all coins like other objects that are found on different designated lists.

                Dr. Elizabeth Greene supports the MOU.  MOUs ensure that objects of minority groups are preserved. From her work on shipwrecks, Greene knows that even common artifacts like transport amphorae are important to understanding the past.

                Katie Paul speaks for the Athar Project.  She shows images of artifacts from Tunisia and Turkey on sale on Facebook.  She indicates some buyers are located in the US.  She also indicates that she is Pontic Greek.  She wants Greek artifacts protected as evidence of the Greek Diaspora.

                Carole Basri contrasts her prior work for the State Department to more recent State Department efforts to recognize the rights of authoritarian MENA governments to the artifacts of displaced minority populations.  At some risk to her personal safety, Ms. Basri collected records of Jews in Iraq on December 11, 2003 for the State Department.  Some of these records were later deposited in the US Holocaust Museum.  Carole Basri believes there needs to be a carve-out in any MOU for religious artifacts of displaced Jews and other minority populations. 

                Kate FitzGibbon speaks for the Committee for Cultural Policy and the Global Heritage Alliance.  It is essential that CPAC adhere to the CPIA’s requirements.  Turkey has engaged in legalized theft of minority religious artifacts.  A book written by a US diplomat discusses the artifacts available in the Grand Bazar for sale to foreigners. 

                Doug Mudd speaks for the American Numismatic Association.  Import restrictions on coins have had a negative impact on the ANA’s educational mission.  An instructor at the Summer Seminar was afraid to bring his coins from abroad because he was concerned they would be seized.  People can learn from ancient coins which are amongst the most common ancient artifacts.

                Peter Tompa speaks for the International Association of Professional Numismatists.  Any MOU would recognize the Erdogan Government’s rights to “claw back” cultural goods of “ethnically cleansed” Greek, Armenian and Assyrian populations.  Since 2007, a series of grossly over broad import restrictions placed on common ancient coins of the sort widely collected worldwide (including within most of the countries for which import restrictions have been granted) have done quite a bit of damage to ancient coin collecting. Their cumulative impact has been problematic because outside of some valuable Greek coins, most coins simply lack the document trail necessary for legal import under the “safe harbor” provisions of 19 U.S.C. § 2606.  Another embargo, this time potentially impacting a wide variety of Greek, Carthaginian, Roman Provincial, Roman and Byzantine coins struck or sometimes found in Turkey and Tunisia, will bring even more damage. As set forth in IAPN's submissions, there are many statutory reasons why this should not happen. Moreover, CPAC also needs to consider whether import restrictions on coins are really necessary, particularly because it appears that both Turkey and Tunisia allow for the internal sale of ancient coins.

                Randolph Myers is a coin collector.  Coins struck in large multiples lack cultural significance. CPAC should also consider whether less drastic measures, like the institution of a Treasure Act or Portable Antiquity Scheme, should be tried first.  Finally, there is no evidence presented that either Turkey or Tunisia are undertaking adequate self-help measures.

Questions:

              Karol Wight asks if the AAMD polled its members about loans from Turkey.  Stephen Knerly indicates that because the State Department has started using a standard Article II in their MOU’s there is no reason to seek this information from members.  He does note, however, that Turkey demands high loan fees.  It would be beneficial to all concerned if Art II of MOU’s (which relate to requirements placed on the foreign country) are written individually.

            Anthony Wisniewski asks Kate FitzGibbon if restrictions should be placed on coins.  She indicates it is important to look to the wording of the CPIA to ascertain whether restrictions are appropriate.  She then defers to Peter Tompa.  Peter Tompa indicates restrictions should not be placed on coins, but if they are so placed they must take care that they only apply to coins both first discovered within a country and subject to its export control.  He notes that restrictions would be wholly inappropriate on Roman coins which circulated from England to Sri Lanka and which are found in many more countries than where there are MOUs on coins.  Dr. Nathan Elkins is allowed to comment.  He believes restrictions should come in as long as over 50% of coins are found in a given place, but this should be further expanded to everywhere coins are found.

           Anthony Wisniewski asks Dr. Rose about the provenance of coins found in the University of Pennsylvania Museum.   Dr. Rose said that the Museum secured these coins years ago under a system of partage.

          Chairman Passatino asks Elias Gerasoulis if his group could live with any MOU with conditions to address concerns of the Greek community.  Mr. Gerasoulis indicates that his group is unalterably opposed to a MOU because the Erdogan government cannot be trusted. He believes a MOU would make the situation worse, not better.   Moreover, this MOU raises questions not only about Greek property, but other minority property as well.  For example, how can we trust Turkey to respect Jewish minority property, when Erdogan hosted the leader of Hamas, an anti-Israel U.S. designated terrorist group, at the Presidential palace in Turkey last month?  This issue is not simply one of archeology. The political context needs to be looked at and understood. 

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Το Έργον της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας» (Έργον)

Το Έργον της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας» (Έργον) 
ISSN: 0570-6211
Από το 1954 η Εταιρεία καινοτομεί ως προς την ανακοίνωση του έργου της. Επειδή τα ΠΑΕ, όπως είναι φυσικό, εκδίδονταν πολλές φορές δύο χρόνια αργότερα, άρχισε να δημοσιεύεται η ετήσια λογοδοσία του γραμματέως σε ιδιαίτερο πολυτελές τεύχος με πλούσια εικονογράφηση που τιτλοφορείται «Το Έργον της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας», το οποίο και διανέμεται συνήθως την ημέρα της λογοδοσίας, την άνοιξη κάθε χρονιάς.
Μέχρι στιγμής έχουν δημοσιευτεί 61 τόμοι του περιοδικού Το Έργον της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας:
From 1954 onwards, the Society introduces changes in the presentation of its work. As the PAE were oftentimes published with a two-year delay, the annual accountability presentation of the Secretary began to be published in a special volume with rich illustrations, titled «To Ergon tes En Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias», which is usually distributed on the accountability day, in the spring.
To date, a total of 61 volumes of the Ergon have been published:
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The Egyptiana Emporium

NEWS: Voice of 3,000-year-old Egyptian priest brought to life

(Source: Leeds Museums and Galleries)

“Scientists have fulfilled a mummified Egyptian priest’s wish for life after death – by replicating his voice with artificial vocal chords.

Nesyamun’s voice has been reproduced as a vowel-like sound that is reminiscent of a sheep’s bleat.

The priest lived during the politically volatile reign of pharaoh Ramses XI, between 1099 and 1069BC.

As a priest in Thebes, Nesyamun would have needed a strong voice for his ritual duties, which involved singing.

When Nesyamun died, his voice fell silent, but 3,000 years on, a team of researchers have brought it back to life.

They have done so by producing a 3D-printed voice box based Nesyamun’s vocal tract, which was scanned to establish its precise dimensions.

By using the vocal tract with an artificial larynx sound, they synthesised a vowel sound meant to be similar to the voice of Nesyamun.

It is believed to be the first project of its kind to successfully recreate the voice of a dead person through artificial means. In the future, the researchers hope to use computer models to recreate full sentences in Nesyamun’s voice” – via BBC News.

Read more and watch the video here.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς» (ΑΕ)

Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς» (ΑΕ)
ISSN: 1105-9950
Η Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς είναι ένα από τα αρχαιότερα αρχαιολογικά περιοδικά του κόσμου, εκδίδεται από το 1837. Aποτελεί το κύριο επιστημονικό όργανο της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας και περιέχει αρχαιολογικές μελέτες ή δημοσιεύσεις ανασκαφών. Eκδίδεται ένας τόμος τον χρόνο ανελλιπώς.

Πρώτη περίοδος (1837-1860): Την περίοδο αυτή αποτελεί κρατικό δημοσίευμα, συντάσσεται και εκδίδεται σχεδόν μόνον από τον γενικό έφορο Kυριακό Πιττάκη και περιέχει εκθέσεις και μελέτες σχετικές με ανασκαφές και ευρήματα της Γενικής Eφορείας.

Δεύτερη περίοδος (1861-1882): Mε το BΔ της 2 Mαρτ. 1861 η έκδοσή της ανατίθεται στην Eταιρεία και ο τίτλος της γίνεται Aρχαιολογική Eφημερίς, εκδιδομένη υπό τής εν Aθήναις Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας δαπάνη της Bασιλικής Kυβερνήσεως. H νέα αυτή έκδοση (συντομογραφείται AE) αποτελεί την περίοδο δευτέρα. Eκδόθηκαν 17 τεύχη (A΄- H΄του 1862, Θ΄- IB΄ του 1863, IΓ΄ του 1869, IΔ΄ του 1870, IE΄ του 1873, IΣΤ΄ του 1873 και IZ΄ του 1874). Eκδότης, δηλαδή διευθυντής, των πρώτων 12 τευχών ήταν ο καθηγητής της αρχαιολογίας του Πανεπιστημίου Aθ. Pουσόπουλος, κατόπιν ο Στ. Kουμανούδης και ο Π. Eυστρατιάδης.

Τρίτη (1883-1923), τέταρτη (1924-1986) και πέμπτη (1987-σήμερα) περίοδος: H Aρχαιολογική Eφημερίς επανεκδόθηκε το 1883 και έκτοτε κυκλοφορεί κάθε χρόνο ένας τόμος. Oρισμένοι τόμοι περιέχουν, όπως και για τα ΠAE, ύλη περισσοτέρων ετών, 1925/ 26, 1927/ 28, 1934/ 35, 1939/ 41, 1942/ 44, 1945/ 47, 1948/ 49, 1950/ 51, και τούτο εξ αιτίας των δυσμενών εσωτερικών περιστάσεων.

Μέχρι στιγμής έχουν εκδοθεί 153 τόμοι του περιοδικού ΑΕ.
Περιεχόμενα τόμων

The Archaiologike Ephemeris, one of the earliest archaeological periodicals of the world, is published since 1837. It is the principal scholarly journal of the Archaeological Society and contains archaeological studies or excavation reports. It is published annually.
First period (1837-1860): In this period it is a state publication authored and published by Kyriakos Pittakis, General Ephor of Antiquities. It contains reports and studies regarding excavations and finds of the General Ephorate.

Second period (1861-1882): Following the RD of March 2, 1861, the publication is assigned to the Society and it is renamed Archaiologike Ephemeris ekdidomene ypo tes en Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias dapane tes Vasilikes Kyverneseos. This new publication (abbreviated as AE) constitutes the second period. A total of 17 volumes were published (A΄- H΄of 1862, Θ΄- IB΄ of 1863, IΓ΄ of 1869, IΔ΄ of 1870, IE΄ of 1873, IΣΤ΄ of 1873 and IZ΄ of 1874). The first 12 volumes were edited by Ath. Rousopoulos, Professor of Archaeology at the University of Athens. He was succeeded by St. Koumanoudis and P. Eustratiadis.

Third (1883-1923) , fourth (1924-1986) and fifth (1987-present) periods: The Archaiologike Ephemeris was reissued in 1883 and ever since one volume is published annually. Certain volumes contain material covering more than one years, such as 1925/26, 1927/28, 1934/35, 1939/41, 1942/44, 1945/47, 1948/49, 1950/51, as a result of adversities faced by Greece.
To date, 153 volumes of the journal have been published.

  1. Πρώτη περίοδος (1837-1860)
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  2. Δεύτερη Περίοδος (1861-1882)
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  3. Τρίτη Περίοδος (1883-1923)
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  4. Τέταρτη Περίοδος (1924-1986)
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  5. Πέμπτη Περίοδος (1987- )
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Open Access Journal: Πρακτικά της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας

Πρακτικά της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας
ISSN: 1105-0969
Πρόκειται για να από τα αρχαιότερα περιοδικά του κόσμου. Eκδίδεται από το 1837 ανελλιπώς ετησίως και περιλαμβάνει τις αναλυτικές εκθέσεις των ανασκαφών της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας, με σχέδια εντός κειμένου και πολλούς πίνακες.

Πρώτη περίοδος (τόμοι 1-13). Tα πρώτα της δημοσιεύματα τιτλοφορούνται Σύνοψις Πρακτικών της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας (1837, 1837/8, 1838/9) της A΄- Γ΄ συνεδριάσεως και Πρακτικά Δ΄ συνεδριάσεως Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας (1839/40). Tου τελευταίου τίτλου χρήση έγινε για την E΄ συνεδρίαση, του 1840/41 και την ΣT΄, του 1841/42, ενώ Πρακτικά των συνεδριάσεων Z΄, H΄, Θ΄, I΄ και IA΄, δηλαδή των ετών 1842-1846/7, δεν εκδόθηκαν. Tα τεύχη αυτά ήταν μικρότατα, 0.092 X 0.13 μ. περίπου, και περιείχαν τους λόγους του προέδρου, οσάκις εκφωνούσε, τη λογοδοσία του γραμματέως με τον οικονομικό απολογισμό και τις αρχαιρεσίες. Aνατύπωση των πρώτων έξι τευχών και δημοσίευση των Πρακτικών των υπόλοιπων ετών ώς το δέκατο (1846/ 7) έγινε από τη Δημόσιο Tυπογραφία το 1846 (=1847) με την αντικριστή στο ελληνικό κείμενο γαλλική μετάφραση που έκανε ο Aλ. P. Pαγκαβής. H δεύτερη αυτή έκδοση (1837-1846/7) τιτλοφορείται Σύνοψις των Πρακτικών της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας των Aθηνών, έκδοσις δευτέρα. Προσαρτημένο στα Πρακτικά του 1845/46 είναι το μαθηματικό-αστρονομικό υπόμνημα του Λεωνίδα Παλάσκα, γραμμένο γαλλικά, για το Ωρολόγιο του Aνδρονίκου (Πύργο των Aνέμων), το οποίο αποτελεί και την πρώτη μελέτη που δημοσίευσε η Eταιρεία. Aκολουθούν τα Πρακτικά IB΄ και IΓ΄ Γενικής Συνεδριάσεως της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας (1847/48, 1848/49) με γαλλική μετάφραση επίσης, με τα οποία κλείνει η πρώτη περίοδος (τόμοι 1- 13) της έκδοσής τους.

H δεύτερη περίοδος (τόμοι 14- 29) περιλαμβάνει τα Πρακτικά από το 1858 ώς το 1870. Tου έτους 1858/ 59 τιτλοφορείται Συνοπτική έκθεσις των πράξεων της Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας, του έτους 1859/ 60 Γενική συνέλευσις των μελών της εν Aθήναις Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας, το ίδιο και του έτους 1860/ 61. Tων υπόλοιπων ώς το 1870 (16- 25) τιτλοφορούνται Δύω Γενικαί Συνελεύσεις των εταίρων τής εν Aθήναις Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας.

Τρίτη περίοδος. Aπό το 1870, που αρχίζει η τρίτη περίοδος, ώς σήμερα, τιτλοφορούνται Πρακτικά της εν Aθήναις Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρίας, εκδίδονται όπως πάντοτε κάθε χρόνο, εκτός από λίγες περιπτώσεις που η κατάσταση της χώρας ανάγκασε την Eταιρεία να δημοσιεύσει Πρακτικά περισσοτέρων ετών σε ένα τόμο (1922/ 24, 1925/ 26, 1941/ 44, 1945/ 48). Aπό το 1975 εκδίδονται για ορισμένες χρονιές μεγάλης δραστηριότητας σε δύο τεύχη. Όπως ειπώθηκε, τα Πρακτικά (συντομογραφούνται ΠAE) περιείχαν στην αρχή μόνο τη λογοδοσία του γραμματέως και τον λόγο του προέδρου, από το 1880 περιέχουν και τις εκθέσεις των ανασκαφέων, πράγμα που αποτελεί τον κανόνα από το 1881 και πέρα.
Aπό το 1920 και εξής αρχίζει η τέταρτη και από το 1987 η πέμπτη περίοδος εκδόσεως των ΠAE. Μέχερι στιγμής έχουν δημοσιευτεί 165 τόμοι του περιοδικού Πρακτικά της εν Αθήνας Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας:
This is one of the earliest journals in the world. It is published annually from 1837 without interruption and includes the detailed reports of the Archaeological Society’s excavations, along with figures and many plates.

First period (volumes 1-13). The first publications are titled Synopsis Praktikon tes Archaiologikes Hetaireias (1837, 1837/8, 1838/9) tes A-Γ synedriaseos and Praktika tes Tetartes Synedriaseos tes Archaiologikes Hetaireias (1839/40). This title was last used for the 5th session in 1840/41 and the 6th in 1841/42, while Praktika of the sessions 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, namely the years 1842-1846/7, were not published. Those volumes were very slim, approximately 0,092 x 0,13 m. and contained the speech of the President, when delivered, the public accountability presentation of the Secretary with the financial review and the elections. The first six volumes and the Praktika of the remaining years to the tenth one (1846/7) were published by the Public Typography in 1846 (=1847) along with the French translation by Alexandros R. Rangavis. This second edition (1837-1846/7) is titled Synopsis ton Praktikon tes Archaiologikis Hetaireias ton Athenon, second edition. Annexed to the Praktika of 1845/46 it is the mathematic-astronomic appendix of Leonidas Palaskas about the Horologion of Andronikos (Tower of the Winds), written in French. This constitutes the first study published by the Archaeological Society. It is followed by the Praktika tes IB kai IΓ Synedriaseos tes Archaiologikes Hetaireias (1847/48, 1848/49), also accompanied by a French translation, which conclude the first period (volumes 1-13).

The second period (volumes 14- 29) includes the Praktika from 1858 to 1870. That of the year 1858/59 is titled Synoptike Ekthesis ton praxeon tes Archaiologikes Hetaireias, while that of the year 1859/ 60 Genike Syneleusis ton melon tes en Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias just like that of the year 1860/61. The remaining ones until 1870 (16-25) are titled Dyo Genikai Syneleuseis ton Etairon tes en Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias.

Third period. From 1870, the beginning of the third period, to date, the Praktika tes en Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias are published annually, except for a few times when the situation in Greece forced the Society to publish the Praktika of more than one years in a single volume (1922/24, 1925/26, 1941/44, 1945/48). From 1975 on, two volumes have been published for years that had a lot of information to report. Originally the Praktika contained only the public accountability presentation of the President and the speech of the Secretary. From 1880 onwards they also contain the reports of the excavators, which after 1881 became the rule. The fourth period of the Praktika began in 1920 and the fifth in 1987.
To date, 165 volumes of the Praktika have been published:
  1. Περίοδος πρώτη (τόμοι 1-13)
    • Tόμος 13, 1848/49
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  2. Περίοδος δεύτερη (τόμοι 14-25)
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  3. Περίοδος τρίτη (τόμοι 26-74)
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  4. Περίοδος τέταρτη (τόμοι 75-141)
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  5. Περίοδος πέμπτη (τόμοι 142-165)
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  6. Περίοδος έκτη (τόμοι 166-167)

Paola Arosio and Diego Meozzi (Stone Pages' Archaeonews)

Prehistoric farmers helped African wolves have a population boom

Humans were not the only species that experienced a population boom after the development of farming - so did the recently described African wolf (Canis aureus lupaster). According to a...

Neolithic Italy was home to networks of metal exchange

During the 4th and 3rd millennia BCE, Italy was home to complex networks of metalwork exchange, according to a study by Andrea Dolfini of Newcastle University (UK), and Gilberto Artioli...

Unique Stone Age Ring made from deer antler discovered in Denmark

A prehistoric ring made of deer antler was discovered at a Neolithic site in Denmark that has been hidden for millennia, having been swallowed by the sea thousands of years...

Ancient Chinese people experimented with different methods of making beer

Ancient Chinese people were working hard to create the perfect recipe for making beer 6,000 years ago, scientists reveal. Nine Neolithic amphorae shards - used for transporting beer, wine and...

camwsgrads

CAMWS 2020 Room Share

Look, conferences can be expensive. While CAMWS’ registration fee is nowhere near the exorbitant rates of many scientific conferences, there’s no denying that it’s a chunk of change to afford the flight/hotel/meeting/time off of studies. What’s worse, this burden is often disproportionately placed on grad students and contingent scholars. Even if departments will reimburse us for these trips, we are still expected to front the money for everything. Which, on grad student stipends, is often frankly impossible.

But I still want to go to conferences. And we, in GSIC, want other grad students at these conferences, too. We also want you to spend less money doing so.

So what are our options?

1. Avoid the Hotel
One way to save money is to forgo the conference hotel. I know, staying at the hosting hotel has its benefits — it means you can easily slip away when overwhelmed, or to store leftover croissants from a coffee break — but it carries with it $139/night price tag. Birmingham hosts a number of AirBnBs, as well as other hotels. Many of these are cheaper options than the Hyatt Regency Birmingham, though may require a longer walk or even a Lyft to reach the conference. These additional issues can be defrayed, however, if we…

2. Band Together
Even the conference hotel becomes more manageable with shared rooms. AirBnBs are made even cheaper with roommates, as are Lyfts. But finding friends, especially for first-time attendees, can be difficult. So, let us help.

GSIC is hoping to centralize calls for roommates on a dedicated Google spreadsheet. Are you looking to share your hotel room? To jointly book an AirBnB? Enter your data into the spreadsheet or respond to someone else who is seeking.

We wish we could make grad students financially secure, and we know that a spreadsheet won’t solve all of our worries. But in the meantime we can at least use our platform to try to make the CAMWS conference hotel situation less expensive.

ArcheoNet BE

BNA-contactdagen op 26-27 maart in Amsterdam: het programma

De 18de editie van de Contactdagen voor Belgische en Nederlandse middeleeuwse archeologen en bouwhistorici (BNA) vindt plaats op donderdag 26 en vrijdag 27 maart in Amsterdam.

Het volledige programma van de BNA-contactdagen vind je in deze bijlage (pdf).
Inschrijven kan nog tot 15 maart via dit inschrijvingsformulier (.pdf).

De leprozerie ‘Hooghe Siecken’ in Ieper: lezing op donderdag 30 januari

Zes maanden lang onderzochten archeologen in Sint-Jan bij Ieper de middeleeuwse leprozerie ‘Hooghe Siecken’. Op donderdag 30 januari toont archeologe Sofie Vanhoutte tijdens een voordracht in Ieper de eerste resultaten. Ze vertelt ook wat er nog te ontdekken valt tijdens de verwerking en studie van de opgraving.

De archeologen kregen een zicht op de inrichting van het domein, onderzochten de restanten van verschillende leprozenhuisjes en groeven een 100-tal skeletten van het middeleeuwse kerkhof op. In de 17de eeuw verscheen er een grote herenhoeve in de plaats. Tijdens WO I werd de volledige bovenbouw verwoest, maar bleven in de ondergrond de sporen van het rijke Ieperse verleden uitstekend bewaard.

De lezing vindt plaats op donderdag 30 januari om 19u in CC De Perron in Ieper. Inschrijven via www.vormingplusow.be.

The Archaeology News Network

Mount Vesuvius blast turned ancient victim’s brain to glass

The eruption of Mount Vesuvius turned an incinerated victim’s brain material into glass, the first time scientists have verified the phenomenon from a volcanic blast, officials at the Herculaneum archaeology site said Thursday. This photo shows a fragment of brain material of a victim incinerated by the ancient blast of Mount Vesuvius and turned into glass [Credit: Herculaneum press office via AP]Archaeologists rarely recover human...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

News, Blogposts and Jobs on aiegl.org (Association Internationale d’Épigraphie Grecque et Latine: AIEGL)

Competition for a Three-month Scholarship

L’Istituto italiano per la storia antica bandisce un concorso a una borsa di studio della durata di tre mesi nell’ambito della convenzione con la Federazione Internazionale EAGLE (Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy), al fine di favorire la formazione e il perfezionamento di un laureato, che operi nel campo delle applicazioni informatiche all’Epigrafia.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Augustinus: De civitate Dei: Fachwissenschaftliche und fachdidaktische Zugänge

Augustinus: De civitate Dei: Fachwissenschaftliche und fachdidaktische Zugänge
Sauer, Jochen (Hrsg.)
 Augustinus: De civitate Dei
 Acta Didactica – Bielefelder Beiträge zur Didaktik der Alten Sprachen in Schule und Universität
 
Die Schrift De civitate Dei des Religionsphilosophen und Kirchenvaters Augustinus, entstanden in den Jahren 413–426, verbindet in vielschichtiger Weise Staats- und Gesellschaftstheorie, Individualethik und Geschichtstheologie. Antike Philosophie wird aus christlicher Perspektive neu gedacht. Die fünf Beiträge dieses Sammelbands stellen sich der Herausforderung, Zugänge zu diesem anspruchsvollen Werk zu ermöglichen und Wege aufzuzeigen, wie insbesondere Schülerinnen und Schüler des Fachs Latein, aber auch Studierende an die augustinische Staatstheorie und Religionsphilosophie herangeführt werden können.


Dr. Jochen Sauer ist Studienrat im Hochschuldienst an der Universität Bielefeld. Er studierte an den Universitäten Stuttgart und Dresden die Fächer Klassische Philologie, Physik und Philosophie und wurde an der TU Dresden bei Fritz-Heiner Mutschler mit einer Arbeit zu Ciceros Argumentation für das Naturrecht promoviert. In den Jahren 2004 bis 2009 war er wiss. Mitarbeiter in der Weiterbildung für LateinlehrerInnen und im Sonderforschungsbereich 537 „Institutionalität und Geschichtlichkeit“ tätig. 2009 wechselte er auf eine Assistentenstelle am Lehrstuhl für Klassische Philologie I (Claudia Klodt) an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2013 auf eine Ratsstelle an die Universität Bielefeld. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind der antike Dialog, Ciceros und Senecas philosophische Schriften sowie christliche Literatur des dritten und vierten Jahrhunderts.

Inhaltsverzeichnis
PDF
Titelei
Sauer, Jochen
Geleitwort und Danksagung
Gall, Dorothee
Augustinus’ Abrechnung mit der Antike in De civitate Dei
Gliech, Alexander
Bibliographie einer Bekehrung
Die buchgestützte Suche nach dem richtigen Glaubens- und Gottesverständnis in den Confessiones
Günzel, Peter M.
Ciceros Staatsdefinition in Augustins De civitate Dei
Burrichter, Dennis, Magofsky, Benjamin
Ein spätmittelalterlicher Holzschnitt zur Begleitung und Vertiefung lateinischer Textlektüre
Das Beispiel der Darstellung von Gottes- und Menschenstaat in Augustinus’ Schrift De civitate Dei
Häger, Hans-Joachim
Augustinus als Friedensrufer
Didaktische Impulse für ein existentielles Thema im lateinischen Lektüreunterricht der Sekundarstufe II
Häger, Hans-Joachim
Material zum Beitrag von Hans-Joachim Häger
Stellenindex
Konkordanz mit dem Modellvorhaben NRW
Autorenverzeichnis

The Heroic Age

Call for Papers




*The Twenty-Third Biennial Conference of the International Society for the
History of Rhetoric (ISHR)  Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
July 27-31, 2021*



The Biennial Conference of ISHR brings together several hundred specialists
in the history of rhetoric from around thirty countries.

*Scholarly Focus of the Conference*

The Society calls for twenty-minute conference papers focusing on
historical aspects of the theory and practice of rhetoric. This year’s
specific conference theme or focus is “Topics and Commonplaces in Antiquity
and Beyond.”

Topical invention originated in ancient Greece and was developed and used
throughout the western intellectual tradition as a systematized method of
finding arguments to discuss abstract, philosophical questions, as well as
specific questions determined by circumstances of time and space.
Commonplaces are part of topical invention. They reflect commonly accepted
views and ideas such as the benefits of peace vs. the harm caused by war,
and can be geared to provide arguments which confirm, suggest, or create
consensus. Studying topics and their application from a historical
perspective thus highlights how persuasive texts reflect and contribute to
the shaping of the intellectual and sociocultural contexts in which they
are situated. We invite papers on the theory and practice of topics in all
regions, periods and cultures. But of course we also welcome papers on both
the theory and the practice of rhetoric in all periods and languages, and
on its relationships with poetics, philosophy, politics, religion, law, and
other aspects of the cultural context.

*Procedure for Submission*

Proposals are invited for 20-minute presentations delivered in one of the
six languages of the Society, viz. English, French, German, Italian, Latin
and Spanish. The Society also welcomes panel proposals consisting of three
or four speakers dealing with a common theme, so as to form a coherent set
of papers. The chair of the proposed panel may also be one of the speakers.
Each speaker in a panel should submit a proposal form for his or her own
paper, clearly specifying the panel to which it pertains. In addition, the
panel organizer is expected to complete and submit a separate form
explaining the purpose of the proposed panel and naming the participants.
Please note that proposals for panel papers will be considered on their
individual merits by the Programme Committee, and there is no guarantee
that all papers proposed for a panel will be accepted.

Each person may only appear once as a speaker on the programme. Only one
proposal for presentation per person can be accepted, including also
presentations as parts of panels. Persons serving as (non-presenting)
chairs are not affected by this rule.

Proposals for papers and for panels must be submitted on-line. Please
complete the on-line form carefully and fully. For any questions please
contact the chair of the programme committee, *Prof. Lucía Díaz Marroquín
(ldiazmar@ucm.es <ldiazmar@ucm.es>), or myself (m.v.d.poel@let.ru.nl
<m.v.d.poel@let.ru.nl>).* Please note that submitting a paper implies
making the commitment to attend the conference if your paper is accepted.
Guidelines for the preparation of proposals are provided at the bottom of
this message. The length of the abstracts must not exceed 300 words.

*Deadline for Proposals*

The deadline for the submission of proposals is *15 May 2020*.

The submission website will be open for submission by *February 2020*. An
alert will appear on the ISHR website and in your mailbox.

Notifications of acceptance will be sent out by September 2020. For
participants who require an earlier acceptance date in order to secure
funding, we will try to accommodate their requests if they are made with
appropriate documentation.

Information about the Conference, including hotel accommodation, will be
provided at the beginning of the academic year 2020-2021. The conference
registration fee is still to be determined, but the Nijmegen organizers
will endeavor to ensure that this is kept as low as possible. Graduate
students and scholars from underrepresented countries pay reduced
registration fees and may be eligible for travel grants. *Click HERE to
apply.
<https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__associationdatabase.com_aws_ISHR_input-5Fform_display-5Fform-5F01-5Fshow-3Fform-5Fno-3D29-26host-3Dretain&d=DwMFaQ&c=WO-RGvefibhHBZq3fL85hQ&r=LcBh9mYQDYa9Sc13ampaIxg3rpalKCIHTY0qfjS4TCk&m=oyCuqehty91uxvIBlhMwGmKONHjmH5XIb1nPSI1leSQ&s=8A6T6MDO0N7i-pVrb7toNgPeSZyeo54xKAB7CwNUkJ4&e=>*

I am very much looking forward to welcoming you to Nijmegen in 2021!!!

Marc van der Poel,
*President of the International Society for the History of Rhetoric*

*Guidelines for the preparation of proposals*:

The members of ISHR come from many countries and academic disciplines. The
following guidelines are intended to make it easier for us to come together
and understand one another’s proposals. The Program Committee recommends
that all proposals contain:

   1. a definition – accessible to a non-specialist – of the field of the
   proposal, including its chronological period, language, texts and other
   sources;
   2. a statement of the specific problem that will be treated in your
   paper; its place in relation to the present state of research in the
   general field under consideration; and its significance for the history of
   rhetoric;
   3. a summary of the stages of argumentation involved in addressing the
   problem; and
   4. conclusions and advances in research.

International Society for the History of Rhetoric
<https://associationdatabase.com/aws/ISHR/pt/sp/home_page>

International Society for the History of Rhetoric

<https://associationdatabase.com/aws/ISHR/pt/sp/home_page>

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Three Things Thursday: Survey Archaeology, Western Literature, and Poetry from a Former Student

My body is gallantly fighting off a cold the week, so I don’t quite have the energy for a long involved post. So, instead, I’ll offer a little “Three Thing Thursday” as I try to keep the balls in the area down the stretch run of the week.

First Thing.

A colleague shared this article with me over the weekend: Kimberly Bowes et al. “Peasant agricultural strategies in southern Tuscany: Convertible agriculture and the importance of pasture” from The Economic Integration of Rural Italy. Rural Communities in a Globalizing World, ed. G. Tol and T. de Haas. (Brill 2017): 165-194. The article uses examples from her Roman Peasant Project to explore the interplay rural land use and the interplay between pastoralism and more settled agriculture. This team of scholars excavates five sites known from intensive survey archaeology from small ceramic scatters. Two were small seasonal or short-duration “work huts” and combining the modest architecture with botanical, palynological, and faunal material collected from the excavations, they were able to suggest that these structures served land that was likely used as pasture. Pasture plays a key role in strategies associated with ley agriculture which allowed fields to go fallow for years in order to restore the soil and stabilize yields. These small structures (and the small ceramic scatters), then, which a survey might have suggested represented the intensification of conventional agriculture, may, in fact, represent a less intensive strategy associated with ley farming.

Among the more interesting observations from this article are a two sites identified by low-density artifact scatters which produced no structures, but did reveal field drains dating to antiquity and probably the Roman period. These field drains consisted of cobble filled trenches. This is exciting to me both because I was unaware that field drains were used in the Roman period, but more importantly, there is relatively few publications that discuss drain building practices in the Roman period. The use of cobbles to slow the flow of water and to prevent the drains from carving deep channels in the fields offers some evidence for why the builders of the “South Basilica” at Polis may have created a “French drain” on the uphill, south side of the church to keep the rush of water down a natural drainage from undercutting the south wall of the basilica. It’s not a perfect analogy but suggests that my argument may not be entirely wrong.

Second Thing.

I’ve been reading John Beck’s Dirty Wars: Landscape, Power, and Waste in Western American Literature (Nebraska 2009). I really like the book. Whatever it’s academic merits (and I’m not really qualified to judge that), it has intrigued me. Beck uses literature to explore the character of the post-war, Cold War Western landscape through an emphasis on Japanese internment, the militarization of the landscape (and the Mexican border), the use of the west as a dumping ground for toxic, nuclear, and otherwise unpleasant waste, and the almost simultaneous emergence of the suburban ideal (cf. J.B. Jackson’s “The Westward Moving House”). Beck makes clear that works like Cormack McCarthy’s Blood Meridian while situated in the past (in this case, the mid-19th century) nevertheless speak to the present situation in a Western landscape shaped by Cold War militarism and its consequences. Elsewhere he weaves together the critiques of Rebecca Solnit, Ellen Meloy, and Terry Tempest Williams which emphasize the role of industry in the refashioning of the Western landscape. While I am embarrassed not to know these works well, I can’t help but wondering whether they influenced somehow my own effort at a similar critique in my The Bakken: An Archaeology of An Industrial Landscape. Don’t be surprised to see these works appear in the ole bloggeroo over the next few weeks. Solnit and Meloy remain priorities for my weekend reading list.

One of the reasons that Beck has excited me so much is that he has pushed me from thinking about archaeology of the contemporary world as a historical and social scientific window onto the contemporary American experience, toward thinking about the archaeology of the contemporary world as a distinctly cultural engagement with late-20th and early-21st century American life. This isn’t meant to deprecate the important work done by people like Jason DeLeon or Shannon Lee Dowdy or Bill Rathje, but to reframe their interventions as much as part of a much larger current of cultural critique. Instead of archaeology treating the contemporary experience as the object of study, archaeology of the contemporary world is (or at, very least, represents) the American experience. If we prioritize the notion of contemporaneity and suggest that it subverts the most common forms of disciplinary and historical detachment, then it makes sense that we can’t study or locate archaeology outside of American culture in the present. This, of course, remains a work in progress.

Third Thing.

I’m very excited to redirect your attention to the North Dakota Quarterly blog this morning. The blog features a poem from Amalia Dillin. Our hardworking poetry editor, Paul Worley, selected this poem for publication without knowing that Amalia was one of my former students at UND where she majored, I think, in Classics but also took history classes. She’s put those classes (and a bunch of her own hard work) to good use as a writer. You can check out her stuff here (although it’s very different from her poem)!

Go read the poem, it’s pretty great and I think summarizes neatly the anxiety that many of use feel in our media saturated lives. 

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for January 23, 2020

Hodie est a.d. X Kal. Feb. 2772 AUC ~ 29 Poseideon II in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It

Public Facing Classics

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcasts

Antony joins David to discuss his PhD ‘Gods Behind Glass’, which looks at the interpretation of Romano-British religious practice and identity in museums. They discuss changing views of religion in Roman Britain, including shifts from interpreting it as accommodation to domination, the sensory experience of ritual, where people’s perceptions of the Roman religion originate from, and Mithras (obviously).

Antony also talks about his time as curator of the archaeological collections of Lincolnshire County Council, making the jump from this to the PhD, how he’s learnt a lot about the Chinese Bronze Age, and Edinburgh at New Years.

Our only explanation for this episode is that it was Jenny’s birthday–and she wanted to have some friends over. So we invited Katy and Nathan from Queens Podcast to come on our podcast and drink us under the table.

Join us on a drunken ramble through the Julio-Claudian dynasty, where we go on and ON about our favorite topics: Agrippina (Elder and Younger), Cleopatra, badass women in history, and whether Caligula and Henry VIII were in fact the same person.

From his sickbed he named his favorite sister, Drusilla, to inherit the imperial “property and the throne”. But when he recovered, he decided to rid himself of some enemies, real or imagined, including Gemellus, Macro and Silanus, his former father-in-law.

Nikita Gill on goddesses, Sandeep Parmar on Hope Mirlees, Francesca Wade looks at the careers of classicist Jane Harrison and LSE’s Eileen Power and Victorian Leonard looks at attempts to write more women back into the story of classics. Shahidha Bari presents.

Book Reviews

Dramatic Receptions

Professional Matters

Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends peace in the city.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Extreme heat of Vesuvius eruption turned a man's brain to 'glass'

When Mount Vesuvius erupted in the year 79, the volcano unleashed an avalanche of gas and rock hot...

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Reading Acts takes up Daniel

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Qn7iMATeokc" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

The Archaeology News Network

Clays in Antarctica from millions of years ago reveal past climate changes

Members of the TASMANDRAKE research group of the Andalusian Earth Sciences Institute (IACT), which pertains to the University of Granada and CSIC, have published a research paper in the prestigious international journal Scientific Reports describing their analysis of clays from Antarctica dating back 35.5 million years, to reconstruct past climate changes. Glaucony grains observed under an electron microscope [Credit: University of...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Algorithms are coming for Hebrew paleography!

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/vn-TPoB74PM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

The Archaeology News Network

Unravelling arthropod genomic diversity over 500 million years of evolution

An international team of scientists report in the journal Genome Biology results from a pilot project, co-led by Robert Waterhouse, Group Leader at the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and University of Lausanne, to kick-start the global sequencing initiative of thousands of arthropods. Comparative analyses across 76 species spanning 500 million years of evolution reveal dynamic genomic changes that point to key factors behind...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

7th-grader finds late-antique tombstone in Caesarea

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/_Vnrx8Fv-MI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

The Demon Epilepsy Tablet

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/VcEFyYijm1I" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

(Updated) Call for Submissions: Bible & Speculative Fiction #CFP

A revised and extended call for papers from the Journal of Interdisciplinary Biblical Studies appears below. Please consider submitting something, but please also help spread the word by circulating this announcement! The call for papers on the Bible and Science Fiction is re-opened with a broader call, now the Bible and Speculative Fiction. We are […]

L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

Interpreted Iron Ages – Appel à communication – Linz (8-10 octobre 2020)

Le musée de Haute-Autriche à Linz lance un appel à communication pour ses 8e rencontres sur l’archéologie interprétative de l’âge du Fer qui auront lieu du 8 au10 octobre 2020. Propositions et résumés à renvoyer avant le 30 mai 2020 Call of paper : Call for Papers_Iron Ages 2020  ...

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2020.01.33: Contributions to the History of the Latin Elegiac Distich. Studi e testi tardoantichi, 15

Review of Lucio Ceccarelli, Contributions to the History of the Latin Elegiac Distich. Studi e testi tardoantichi, 15. Turnhout: 2018. Pp. 362. €105,00. ISBN 9782503574592.

2020.01.32: Galen. Works on Human Nature. Volume 1, 'Mixtures (De temperamentis)'. Cambridge Galen translations

Review of P. N. Singer, Ph. J. van der Eijk, Piero Tassinari, Galen. Works on Human Nature. Volume 1, 'Mixtures (De temperamentis)'. Cambridge Galen translations. Cambridge: 2018. Pp. xvii, 269. $125.00. ISBN 9781107023147.

2020.01.31: Horace. Understanding Classics

Review of Paul Allen Miller, Horace. Understanding Classics. London; New York: 2019. Pp. xii, 204. $22.95 (pb). ISBN 9781784533304.

2020.01.30: Warriors of Anatolia: A Concise History of the Hittites

Review of Trevor Bryce, Warriors of Anatolia: A Concise History of the Hittites. London; NewYork: 2019. Pp. xii, 288. £20.00​. ISBN 9781788312370.

Compitum - publications

J.-B. Bonnard et C. Blonce (dir.), Corps, gestes et vêtements dans l’Antiquité

coprs_gestes_et_vetements_antiquite.jpg

Jean-Baptiste Bonnard et Caroline Blonce (dir.), Corps, gestes et vêtements dans l'Antiquité. Les manifestations du politique, Caen, 2019.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires de Caen
Collection : Collection Symposia
126 pages
ISBN : 978-2-84133-910-5
15 €

Les 3 et 4 octobre 2013 se sont tenues à Caen les quatrièmes journées d'étude du programme Corps, gestes et vêtements dans les mondes anciens : une lecture historique et anthropologique (ANHIMA et CRBC), animé par Jean-Baptiste Bonnard (maître de conférences en histoire grecque à l'université de Caen, ANHIMA, HISTEMÉ), Florence Gherchanoc (professeure à l'université de Paris VII, ANHIMA) et Valérie Huet (professeure à l'université de Brest, ANHIMA, CRBC), qui s'est fixé pour but d'étudier les valeurs et les symboliques des gestes et attitudes attachés au corps et aux mouvements du corps, les qualifications contextuelles et spatiales de gestes corporels et du corps en mouvement, les gestes et les identités, les normes corporelles et les transgressions.

Lire la suite...

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Brill Now Imposes US Standards on Antiquitist Writing


Following the issue of an open letter signed by over 100 academics and endorsed by the Board of Directors of the Society for Classical Studies organised by Dr Roberta Mazza (Letter to Brill on the Museum of the Bible’s Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments: A Positive Outcome' Faces and Voices Jan 20th 2020), the Brill Statement of Publication Ethics now includes a section on "unprovenanced artifacts".


Brill is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands. It has offices in Leiden, Boston, Paderborn and Singapore. So why, actually, are the only links given to US organizations? ASOR - the American School of Oriental Research (as though nobody else has one), the 'Society of Biblical Literature' is based in Atlanta, Georgia, AIA, Archaeological Institute of America, SCS - the School for Classical Studies was founded as the American Philological Association, and is based in New York University. Do we not have any archaeological bodies in Europe? No schools of classical research at all?

This is despite the fact that some 93 of the signatories of the open letter (from 150 overall) came from outside the USA and presumably a sizeable number of whom already belong to professional bodies and institutions that have their own codes to which they adhere.

Also, is the problem of 'unprovenanced artefacts' only something that applies to 'oriental', 'Biblical' and 'classical' archaeology/philology (done by American organisations)? What about metal detected items from the UK found in the 1990s but not reported to the PAS (even though they may be in, for example the UKDFD)? Are they 'documented' or 'undocumented' items in the eyes of the AIA policy quoted by Brill as their benchmark? Metal detected material from Poland for example, who (in the Brill company) determines the legality of publication by a Polish academic in Brill's series of material deriving from collaboration with metal detectorists? The situation here is complex, who arbitrates? Polish authorities or the AIA?

Archaeology Magazine

Pre-Columbian Ritual Steam Bath Discovered in Mexico City

Mexico TemazcaltitlanMEXICO CITY, MEXICO—BBC News reports that archaeologists from Mexico’s Directorate of Archaeological Rescue and National Institute of Anthropology and History uncovered a fourteenth-century temazcal, or ritual steam bath, measuring about 16 feet long by nine feet wide. The discovery of the temazcal, which had been marked on historic maps, has allowed the researchers to pinpoint the location of Temazcaltitlán, one of the oldest neighborhoods of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital. This area of the city was known as a place where female deities such as Tlazolteotl, the goddess of childbirth and purification, and Coatlicue, Toci, Chalchiuhtlicue, and Mayahuel, who are linked to land, fertility, water, and the fermented beverage pulque, were venerated. A house thought to have been inhabited by Mexica nobility shortly after the Spanish conquest, and a tannery built in the eighteenth century, were also found on the site. For more on Tenochtitlan, go to "Under Mexico City."

Possible 19th-Century Witch Bottle Uncovered in Virginia

Virginia Witch BottleWILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA—According to a statement released by the College of William & Mary, archaeologists led by Joe Jones of the college’s Center for Archaeological Research (WMCAR) recovered a nineteenth-century glass bottle full of nails near a brick-lined hearth ahead of road construction in eastern Virginia. The hearth had been part of Redoubt 9, one of 14 mini-forts constructed by Confederate troops between the James and York rivers. Redoubt 9 was captured by Union troops after the Battle of Williamsburg in 1862. At first, researchers thought Union troops used the bottle to hold nails while repairing the fortifications, but WMCAR researchers Oliver Mueller-Heubach and Robert Hunter think it may have been intended as a ritual item called a witch bottle. Heat from a hearth was believed to energize the nails in such a bottle to ward off evil spirits and break a witch’s spell, Jones explained. Markings on this bottle indicate it was manufactured in Pennsylvania. Jones said the 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry occupied Redoubt 9 intermittently between May 1862 and August 1863, during Confederate attempts to retake the territory. A witch bottle could reflect the Pennsylvania soldiers’ fears, Jones added. To read about the hunt on an English farm for evidence of a seventeenth-century family accused of witchcraft, go to "Searching for the Witches' Tower."

Sixth-Century Statue Discovered in Cambodia

SIEM REAP, CAMBODIA—The Khmer Times reports that the head of a statue of a makara, a crocodile-like sea dragon in Hindu iconography, was spotted in Phnom Kulen National Park by a local resident who alerted authorities at the Siem Reap Provincial Environment Department. In the Hindu tradition, makaras serve as guardians of gateways and thresholds, especially in throne rooms and temples, and work as transport for the river goddess Ganga and the sea god Varuna. Researchers who traveled to the site found an additional 13 pieces of the sandstone statue, which is thought to date to the sixth century. “We have not yet moved the body parts or excavated the head from the site and have told park rangers in the area to guard it in order for officials from relevant ministries and institutions to come and study in detail about the site’s history and reconstruct the pieces,” said department director Sun Kong. No temple foundations have been found in the area, leading the researchers to suggest the statue was carved in place from the local rock. To read about a bodhisattva statue recently unearthed in Angkor, go to "Around the World: Cambodia."

Genetic Study Reveals Diversity in Ancient West Central Africa

Cameroon Shum LakaMADRID, SPAIN—According to a Cosmos Magazine report, analysis of DNA obtained from the remains of two children who were buried in the Shum Laka rock shelter in western Cameroon around 8,000 years ago, and two children who were buried there some 3,000 years ago, indicates that they were not the ancestors of the Bantu-speaking people who now live in the region. Rather, the genetic study suggests about two-thirds of the hunter-gatherer children’s DNA came from a previously unknown genetic line distantly related to present-day West Africans. The other one-third of their DNA is from a lineage thought to be related to present-day hunter-gatherers living in central Africa. A teenaged boy who had been buried in the rock shelter was found to have a rare variant of the Y chromosome, estimated to be between 250,000 and 200,000 years old, that is today found almost exclusively in western Cameroon. “There’s been a century of discussion about where Bantu languages originated and how they spread,” said archaeologist Mary Prendergast of Saint Louis University–Madrid. However, the study does not rule out the possibility that Bantu languages originated in the region, she explained. To read about a DNA study of three enslaved Africans who were buried in the Caribbean in the seventeenth century, go to "Finding Lost African Homelands."  

January 22, 2020

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

Mt. Vesuvius May Have Turned Ancient Roman Brains Into Glass

A new analysis of glassy material found in a skull at Herculaneum suggests high temperatures from the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD, but other researchers disagree.

Ancient World Bloggers Group

Problem?

AWBG has for a while been redirecting elsewhere. I'v updated some setting and I think it is again stable.

Forum for Classics, Libraries, and Scholarly Communication

Brill includes new statement on the ethics of publishing provenanced texts

The publication of texts and objects remains a core activity in ancient studies, but the last two decades have witnessed a heightened sensitivity to the importance of provenance, both as a necessary object of scholarly investigation and as a central tenet of professional academic ethics. Recent scandals related to faked manuscripts (e.g., the so-called “Gospel of Jesus’s Wife”) and looted objects or stolen objects or texts (e.g., the alleged theft and sale of Oxyrhynchus papyri by Prof. Dirk Obbink) have proved to be object lessons in the scholarly and ethical obligation to take a careful and critical stance on issue of provenance when researching and deciding to publish any text or object.

Multispectral image of the “New Sappho,” published by Dirk Obbink with a problematic provenance in 2015. For the most recent developments on this piece, see Roberta Mazza’s blog: https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2020/01/13/news-on-the-newest-sappho-fragments-back-to-christies-salerooms/

In a heartening development, academic publishers, under pressure from their authors and their scholarly societies, are now beginning to accept responsibility for provenance. The revelation that at least five of the texts from the Museum of the Bible published in Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments in the Museum Collection, Vol. 1, edited by E. Tov, K. Davis, and R. Duke in 2016 without adequate provenance are very likely forgeries led to an open letter to the publisher in 2018, in which the signatories asserted that

This episode again demonstrates the urgent need for publishers as well as academics to exercise due diligence, through their peer reviewers, in checking that publications of antiquities, including ancient texts, acquired recently on the market give a full and annotated discussion of the acquisition and provenance history. We strongly suggest that Brill and other publishers treat this as seriously as they do copyright, and in their instructions to authors and contracts include a clause requiring the author or authors to be responsible for providing a full and proper explanation of the provenance and legitimacy of such recent acquisitions.

Brill has now responded by including a new paragraph in its editorial handbook (p. 7) on provenance, which I reproduce here:

Unprovenanced Artifacts: When presenting ancient artifacts, especially but not necessarily for the first time, authors publishing with Brill are required to follow the relevant society policies of their field, including but not limited to those of ASOR, SBL, AIA, and SCS (links provided below), concerning provenance and authenticity. Such artifacts include, but are not limited to, ancient texts, such as papyri, inscriptions, cuneiform tablets, and codices.

ASOR (http://www.asor.org/about-asor/policies/policy-on-professional-conduct/)
SBL (https://www.sbl-site.org/assets/pdfs/SBL-Artifacts-Policy_20160903.pdf)
AIA (https://www.archaeological.org/pdfs/AIA_Code_of_EthicsA5S.pdf)
SCS (https://classicalstudies.org/about/scs-statement-professional-ethics)

I will note that ancient coins are not called about above in the list of named classes of artifact (although the way the policy is written it would seem to include them). This is, perhaps, a tacit recognition that the numismatic market is so large and the collaboration of private collectors so necessary for research, that a strict provenance requirement may be impracticable. (See, for example, the collection and acquisition policy of the American Numismatic Society.)

For those interested in keeping abreast of developments related to provenance, publication and the antiquities market, particularly as it touches on papyri, Roberta Mazza’s Faces and Voices and Brent Nongri’s Variant Readings blogs are required reading.

The Archaeology News Network

Evidence of specialized sheep-hunting camp discovered in prehistoric Lebanon

Anthropologists at the University of Toronto (U of T) have confirmed the existence more than 10,000 years ago of a hunting camp in what is now northeastern Lebanon - one that straddles the period marking the transition from nomadic hunter-gatherer societies to agricultural settlements at the onset of the last stone age. Views of Nachcharini Cave and environs [Credit: Stephen Rhodes et al. 2020]Analysis of decades-old data collected...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Oral Tradition

Oral Tradition
E-ISSN: 1542-4308
Oral Tradition is an open-access journal devoted to the study of the world’s oral traditions, past and present. Reaching a diverse and global audience, the journal publishes articles that explore the vitality of words spoken, sung, or performed, and the traditions of creative expression in which they thrive.

Founded in 1986 at the University of Missouri by John Miles Foley, Oral Tradition now has a new home at Harvard University. The journal publishes one issue per year, with occasional special issues. We welcome research on the creation, transmission, and interpretation of all forms of oral traditional expression, as well as investigations of relations between oral and written traditions, brief accounts of important fieldwork, and editions of oral texts. Authors may submit their work by email to journal@oraltradition.org. Submissions should be formatted according to the journal’s style sheet. Submissions must be in English. All quotations of primary materials must be made in the original language(s) with following English translations. If appropriate, please describe any supporting materials that could be used to illustrate the article, such as photographs, audio recordings, or video recordings. Submissions accepted by the editor for review will be refereed by at least two readers.
 Issues

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies


Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Returning to book publishing

This afternoon I sent an email to Lightning Source, who print my books, to take them out of print and close the account.  The account actually belongs to my company, which I may have to dissolve in April as a result of some legislative tax changes.

You might be able to buy copies on Amazon if you are quick!  The hardbacks will not be coming back.

But a small amount of sales has continued with the Origen Homilies in Ezekiel volume, and it would be nice to keep this accessible.

Since 2014, when I last did this sort of stuff, the world has changed.  Everybody seems to use Amazon KDP.  Lightning Source – or Ingram – was always a pain to deal with.  So this evening I have been looking back on my hard disk, and trying to set up the Origen volume in KDP.

It’s time-consuming.  I have an ISBN for each volume, yet Amazon do not recognise them.  The provider – also a pain to deal with – has since changed its offering for managing ISBNs.  I’ve been reduced to emailing them for help.

Then there is the cover.  This was done using a Lightning Source template.  Of course Amazon don’t recognise that.  I’m going to try cropping the template and uploading the raw image.  We’ll see if it works!

The Archaeology News Network

Study reveals two writers penned landmark inscriptions in 8th-century BCE Samaria

The ancient Samaria ostraca -- eighth-century BCE ink-on-clay inscriptions unearthed at the beginning of the 20th century in Samaria, the capital of the biblical kingdom of Israel -- are among the earliest collections of ancient Hebrew writings ever discovered. But despite a century of research, major aspects of the ostraca remain in dispute, including their precise geographical origins -- either Samaria or its outlying villages -- and...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Ancient Asia: Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology

[First posted in AWOL 13 November 2009. Updated 22 January 2020]

Ancient Asia: Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology
ISSN: 2042-5937
Ancient Asia is the official annual journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA). The scope of the journal is vast - from Stone Age to the Modem times, including archaeology, history, anthropology, art, architecture, numismatics, iconography, ethnography, various scientific aspects including archaeobotany and archaeozoology, and theoretical and methodological issues. Amongst the goals of this society are to bring forth the research being conducted in areas that are not often well published such as the North Eastern States of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Central Asia, Iran, etc.

Écriture et transmission des savoirs de l’Antiquité à nos jours

Écriture et transmission des savoirs de l’Antiquité à nos jours
Écriture et transmission des savoirs de l’Antiquité à nos jours
Pendant longtemps, la transmission des savoirs s’est faite directement, du maître à l’élève, de l’artisan à l’apprenti, par un enseignement oral que venait compléter la démonstration des gestes de la pratique. L’apparition de l’écriture, et plus encore la diffusion de la literacy ont fait que des méthodes de transmission indirectes ont pu se faire jour et que l’acquisition d’un savoir, quel qu’il soit, a pu se faire sans contact immédiat avec le détenteur de ce savoir, mais par le truchement d’un livre ou d’une autre forme d’écrit. Il s’est ensuivi une capacité de diffusion des savoirs quasiment illimitée, des plus techniques et spécialisés aux plus abstraits et généralistes. C’est cette explosion de la transmission des savoirs que les vingt auteurs des contributions ici réunies ont cherché à explorer en mettant en lumière différentes facettes, à travers une série d’exemples, allant de l’Antiquité à l’époque contemporaine.
Le Congrès national des sociétés historiques et scientifiques rassemble chaque année universitaires, membres de sociétés savantes et jeunes chercheurs. Ce recueil est issu de travaux présentés lors du 143e Congrès sur le thème « La transmission des savoirs ».

Note de l’éditeur

Les articles de cet ouvrage ont été validés par le comité de lecture des Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques dans le cadre de la publication des actes du 143e Congrès national des sociétés historiques et scientifiques tenu à Paris en 2018.
  • Éditeur : Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
  • Collection : Actes des congrès nationaux des sociétés historiques et scientifiques
  • Lieu d’édition : Paris
  • Année d’édition : 2020
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 21 janvier 2020
  • EAN électronique : 9782735508969
Dominique Briquel
Introduction

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

A Tale of Two Wells: Mothers, Midwives and Perinatal Death in Athens and Eretria, Greece

January 22, 2020 19:30 - LECTURE Dr Maria A. Liston (Associate Professor, Anthropology Department, University of Waterloo)

The Archaeology News Network

3,000-year-old teeth solve Pacific banana mystery

Humans began transporting and growing banana in Vanuatu 3000 years ago, a University of Otago scientist has discovered. Skeletons found at a 3,000-year-old Teouma cemetery, just outside the capital of Port Vila in Vanuatu [Credit: Frederique Valentin]The discovery is the earliest evidence of humans taking and cultivating banana in to what was the last area of the planet to be colonised. In an article published this week in Nature...

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Late Neolithic Italy was home to complex networks of metal exchange

During the 4th and 3rd millennia BC, Italy was home to complex networks of metalwork exchange, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Andrea Dolfini of Newcastle University (UK), and Gilberto Artioli and Ivana Angelini of the University of Padova (Italy). Articulated burial and dismembered human remains from Ponte San Pietro, tomb 22.The chamber tomb is typical of the Rinaldone burial custom, central...

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First ancient DNA from West/Central Africa illuminates deep human past

An international team led by Harvard Medical School scientists has produced the first genome-wide ancient human DNA sequences from west and central Africa. General view of the excavation of Shum Laka’s rockshelter (Grassfields region of Cameroon). This site was home to a human population that lived in the region for at least five millennia and bore little genetic relatedness to the people who live in the region today. Analysis of...

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Riparte la Formazione TerreLogiche: aperte le iscrizioni per i primi appuntamenti dell'offerta formativa 2020!

La Formazione TerreLogiche sta per ripartire e l'offerta didattica del primo semestre 2020 è davvero ricchissima di appuntamenti. Nei primi due mesi dell'anno si terranno i corsi di Rilievo 3D Avanzato, QGIS nei moduli Base e Avanzato, Campionamento delle Matrici Ambientali e Telerilevamento con il modulo Copernicus/Sentinel-2.

Roberta Mazza (Faces & Voices)

Letter to Brill on the Museum of the Bible’s Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments: A Positive Outcome

In 2016 Brill published the edition of thirteen Dead Sea Scrolls fragments as part of their series dedicated to the Museum of the Bible collections (Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments in the Museum Collection, Publications of Museum of the Bible, Volume 1). Since its appearance, the volume raised serious concerns because nothing was said about the chain of ownership through which the fragments arrived in Washington D.C. in 2009-2010. In the autumn of 2018, the Museum itself had to admit that according to scientific and philological analysis at least five of the manuscripts in question were in fact modern forgeries. After the announcement, a group of academics wrote an open letter to Brill, asking for higher standards in documenting provenance and authenticity in their publications. As recently argued by archaeologists Dennis Mizzi and Jodi Magness in a very important article (published in a Brill journal), forgeries are more often than not connected with undocumented provenance, and academics must always deal first with acquisition circumstances and collection history, and later eventually address the issue of authenticity.

The letter was subscribed by over 100 academics and endorsed by the Board of Directors of the Society for Classical Studies. Brill’s reaction was immediate and positive. As a result of constructive conversations led by Brill brilliant Loes Schouten and Suzanne Mekking, I am pleased to report that Brill has decided to add a specific paragraph about provenance and authenticity in its Publication Ethics document, available on line: https://brill.com/fileasset/downloads_static/static_publishingbooks_publicationethics.pdf. This binds authors to follow the policies of international academic associations in relevant fields (e.g., ASOR, AIA, SBL and SCS).

The integration of a section on these issues is a crucial step forward. It will tie anyone working with the publisher in question, from authors to editorial boards, to current professional policies. As Brill is the publisher of major journals and volumes in our fields – including classics, biblical studies, archaeology and many more – in terms of quality and quantity, their initiative can really make a difference. Hopefully their document will lead the way, and other publishers will also adopt similar measures.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Sargetia: Ricostruzione 3D e Realtà aumentata applicata alla Storia e all’Archeologia.

sargetia.ro consente di visitare ed imparare a conoscere i siti e i monumenti storici della Cultura Romana attraverso l’uso della tecnologia 3D e della Realtà Virtuale.

The Archaeology News Network

Study reveals pre-Hispanic history, genetic changes among indigenous Mexican populations

As more and more large-scale human genome sequencing projects get completed, scientists have been able to trace with increasing confidence both the geographical movements and underlying genetic variation of human populations. Most of these projects have favoured the study of European populations, and thus, have been lacking in representing the true ethnic diversity across the globe. To better understand the broad demographic history...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Contextualizing the Garbage Project

Over the last few weeks, I’ve been working on a chapter dealing with Bill Rathje’s Garbage Project as part of the origin story of the archaeology of the contemporary world. In particular, I’ve been trying to put this project in its cultural context and this is pulling me back to thinking about the American West and its place within our historical imagination.

Most archaeologists are familiar with its academic context. The conversations between Rathje and Michael Schiffer and Jefferson Reid link The Garbage Project to the developing middle range theory of behavioral archaeology, systematic understanding of formation processes, and the study of modern material culture. Rathje himself unpacks some of this history in his conversation with Michael Shanks published a few years ago and Michael Schiffer unpacks this further in a 2015 article in Ethnoarchaeology dedicated to Rathje’s work and memory

What I’m interested in, however, is the broader cultural context for Rathje’s work. This is as much because the book that I’m writing is focused on the archaeology of the American experience (rather than the history of archaeology or archaeological methods) as it is because I’m not sure that I’ve seen the Garbage Project located within a distinctly American cultural landscape.

My argument is still rough, but it’s centered on three main points.

First, the Garbage Project is part of a larger critical engagement with consumer culture in post-war America. If the interwar period introduced Americans to the desirability of disposable goods, the post-war decades offered the first critique of so-called throwaway culture. The best example of this comes from Vance Packard’s series of influential books in the 1950s and early 1960s emphasized the close tie between consumption, the economics of production, and waste. In the introduction to his 1960 book, Waste Makers, he presents a series of fancifully wasteful anecdotes about futuristic “Cornucopia City” where the abundance of disposable goods produces a parallel abundance of trash. Heather Rogers’ has called the 1950s, the “golden age of waste.” It goes without saying that archaeologists have long connected waste – whether in middens or in other “systemic” contexts, with consumption patterns. In the 1950s and 1960s, however, this connection emerges in the context of contemporary American culture. By redirecting attention to garbage, which tends to be moved out of sight (and out of mind), authors and critics hoped to redirect attention to practices associated with post-war consumerism that likewise have escaped our attention. Michael Roller’s recent article in Historical Archaeology, while not uncontroversial, emphasized some of the mechanisms that produced the rapid transformation of American consumer practices in the mid-century.

Second, Rathje’s Garbage Project starts in Tucson, Arizona before branching out to other cities in the U.S. and abroad. It’s origins in the “New West,” however, are significant. The rapid growth of urban centers in the American West established the region as the most economically, socially, and culturally dynamic parts of the U.S. Tucson itself grew by over 340% between the 1950 and 1960 census expanding from 45,500 to 212,900 people in a mere 10 years. By the start of the Garbage Project in the early 1970s, Tucson was approaching 300,000 people situated in a series of sprawling suburbs extending to the southeast along the Santa Cruz River. The West, and the southwest in particular, was the vanguard of settlement change in the U.S. 

This Western urban growth influenced some of the work done by a group of artists loosely associated with a movement called the New Topographics who often used austere black and white photography vaguely reminiscent of the work of Ansel Adams to document settlement change in the post-war American West.   

If the 1950s and 1960s saw the rapid acceleration of American consumer culture, then, the expansion of the western American cities made manifest these attitudes in settlement as rapidly growing western cities literally consumed the western landscape. The changing character of American urbanism, however, created new challenges. One of the most relevant for the Garbage Project is the so-called “Garbage Crisis” that Martin Melosi charted in his book, Garbage in the Cities (1981). As Melosi (and many others since) recognized the so-called Garbage Crisis of the 1970s was as much a crisis of politics as a infrastructure or economics. (And I owe Bret Weber a debt of thanks for introducing me to the changing political landscape of American cities in the 1960s and 1970s). The formulas which allocated federal funding for certain services in cities changed at the same time that the growth of suburbs fundamentally altered the urban tax base. Many cities were faced with the dual challenges of reduced funding for essential services and higher costs associated with more dispersed suburban settlement. As development expanded from the traditional urban core, the rise of NIMBYism and the need to locate landfills and waste processing centers at ever further remove from suburban and ex-urban settlement brought into relief the realities of solid waste disposal in a changing political, demographic, and racial landscape. The growth of cities in the West, then, was part of a larger national narrative concerning new forms of settlement which required a rethinking of basic urban infrastructure. 

Finally and most intimidatingly, the Garbage Project emerged as a distinctive way of viewing the process of occlusion and visibility in post-war American society. Once again, so much of this is situated in our view of the American west. During the Cold War, the American West became home to numerous installation that operated secretly or with greatly restricted access from the infamous Area 51 to White Sands Missile Range and the Trinity Test site. The west is pockmarked with ICBM silos, home to NORAD, and frequent setting for conspiracy theories, UFOs, and top secret military projects which are both known and obscured under a veil of Cold War secrecy.

The interplay of the known and hidden likewise manifests itself in sites like the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste disposal site and WIPP or, on a more mundane and banal level, the Atari dump in Alamogordo (for the connection between these sites, go here). The burying of waste in the west, has parallels with a view of the west defined by the hidden costs of extractive industries. Timothy LeCain’s compelling work on sites like the Berkeley Pit in Montana, for example, make clear that the vastness of the West effectively hides the scars left by the extraction necessary to feed our consumption in the same way that it removes from sight the waste associated with our disposable culture. 

My observations here are not new and largely follow paths made by Rebecca Solnit, Lucy Lippard, Ellen Meloy, and others. In fact, this characterization of the American west is so fundamental that has shaped post-war western fiction (as John Beck makes clear in his book Dirty Wars: Landscape, Power, and Waste in Western American Literature (2009). Don DeLillo makes, Nick Shay, the main character of his epic Cold War novel Underworld a waste management executive who at one point relocates to Phoenix. Cormac McCarthy’s haunting narratives often play out against Western landscapes subtly shaped Cold War anxieties and understandings. 

As the legacy of the Garbage Project infuses the archaeology of the contemporary world today, it is hardly surprising that the Jason DeLeon’s amazing work along the U.S.-Mexican border relocates our post-war and Cold War anxieties in another western landscape: the Sonoran Desert. The Land of Open Graves documents the material culture, desperate conditions, and human cost of Mexicans entering the U.S. through this desert landscape. The remoteness of this landscapes allow Americans to project their militarism onto an “enemy” safely removed from the public gaze. Like Cold War installations, waste disposal sites, and the lasting scars of extractive industry, the American west of the Garbage Project was a place where Americans could both project their military and economic power and obscure its ultimate costs.   

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Il Salone Internazionale del Restauro cambia veste

La 27° edizione del Salone del Restauro Internazionale si rinnova ampliando la propria offerta fieristica uscendo dalla tradizionale cornice di Ferrara Fiere. 

The Archaeology News Network

Mushrooms are older than thought

The origin and evolution of the kingdom Fungi--more commonly known as mushrooms--are still very mysterious. Only 2% of species in this kingdom have been identified, and their delicate nature means fossils are extremely rare and difficult to tell apart from other microorganisms. Until now, the oldest confirmed mushroom fossil was 460 million years old. Fossilized network of filaments where vestiges of chitin - a very tough compound...

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Warm-blooded crocs thrived in Jurassic cold snap

They are revered throughout nature as chilling predators … now research shows crocodiles have not always been the cold-blooded creatures they are today. Metriorhynchus superciliosus [Credit: Martin Fritzlar, Flickr]Scientists who analysed fossil teeth belonging to some of the species' ancient ancestors say at least one type of prehistoric crocodile was warm-blooded. Body temperature The findings suggest the animals—called...

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David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for January 22, 2020

Hodie est a.d. XI Kal. Feb. 2772 AUC ~ 28 Poseideon II in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

In the News

In Case You Missed It

Classicists and Classics in the News

Greek/Latin News

Fresh Bloggery

Fresh Podcasts

Starting in 1801, the Seventh Earl of Elgin removed many classical Greek sculptures from Greece, particularly from the Parthenon and other monuments at the Acropolis in Athens. Pt. 1 covers the events leading up to the early removal efforts.

Book Reviews

Dramatic Receptions

Professional Matters

Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

If it thunders today, it portends prosperity, but there will be an abundance of mice and deer.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

The Archaeology News Network

Neutron source enables a look inside dino eggs

Did the chicks of dinosaurs from the group oviraptorid hatch from their eggs at the same time? This question can be answered by the length and arrangement of the embryo's bones, which provide information about the stage of development. But how do you look inside fossilized dinosaur eggs? Paleontologists from the University of Bonn used the neutron source of the Technical University of Munich at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) in...

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Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

Saving Time: Conservation as a Means for Preserving and Advancing Archaeological Context

This part of my series of posts on conference presentations, that I have filmed. This is another one from the TAG conference:

Session Info

Modern conservation practices and analytical techniques offer an array of information for building archaeological understanding and interpretation. Conservation can be an integral part of archaeological practice, creating informed strategies for proactive research, and to this end can be used as a tool for preserving and furthering archaeological context with appreciable outcomes. Employing experimental methods that advance both real world and theoretical frameworks, archaeological conservators are increasingly being utilised as on-site material scientists, instrumentation authorities, and micro- and macro-excavation specialists. A continuing dialogue between conservators and archaeologists serves to further advance contextual theory while balancing the pragmatic needs of archaeology. This session looks to explore the ways in which conservation can benefit archaeological practice and provide insight before, during, and after excavations. We welcome proposals that include, but are not limited to, the following topics:

• Reflective practice within archaeological conservation

• Digital preservation and documentation

• Innovations in analytical equipment and their use in the field

• Collaborative projects between conservators and archaeologists

Organisers: Ashley Lingle (Cardiff University) and Jerrod Seifert (Cardiff University)

 

Torque of the Town: Conserving the world’s largest Iron Age coin hoard

https://youtu.be/8kKNaqIk6ew

Recording methods in archaeology are crucial in the construction of the final archive, allowing the preservation and continued analysis of the archaeological context. The Le Catillon II project uses innovative recording methods in the micro-excavation of the world’s largest Iron Age coin hoard. A six axis metrology arm fitted with scanning laser and point probe heads produced both laser scans of the hoard’s surface and 3D maps of coin and object position of within the hoard. These models allow the preservation of the original context in a digital format, which gives us significant scope to use the hoard in new and innovative ways. This technology has not only proved to be crucial in the conservation of the hoard but has impacted our understanding of the archaeological context. By considering the hoard as a micro-excavation in itself, the dual scanning techniques enable us to retain information regarding the context of each aspect of the removal process which enables a deeper understanding of the nature of the hoard’s construction. The ability to combine the scans and collection management system, as well as the decision to leave a percentage of coins and artefacts uncleaned has provided a backdrop for future research.

Neil Mahrer (Jersey Heritage), Georgia Kelly (Jersey Heritage) and Viki Le Quelenec (University of Central Lancashire)

The paintings from Neolithic Çatalhöyük and the Delicate Balance Between Archaeological Research and Conservation

https://youtu.be/0t4aja1KUaw

Conserving prehistoric architectural paintings presents a number of challenges. On the one hand, their consolidation is made difficult by the fragility and fast decay of their earthen supports once exposed during archaeological excavation. On the other hand, paintings often show complex sequences of superimposed plastering and painting events, demanding a delicate negotiation between the needs of conservation and those of archaeological research. While the consolidation of painted plasters enhances the durability of the physical objects therefore enabling their presentation to the public, it also ‘freezes’ paintings at one moment in time, rendering static and durable something that is archaeologically understood as highly dynamic and everchanging. This paper discusses ways of balancing research and conservation in archaeological practice with a focus on the architectural paintings from the Neolithic site of Catalhoyuk (Turkey). In particular, it will discuss methods of archaeological research that enable investigation of the complex morphology and temporal transformation of the paintings while minimizing the destructive impact of traditional archaeological methods. A major focus of this paper will be on block plaster sampling, small-scale targeted excavation, and digital methods such as 3D modelling and Reflectance Transformation Imaging.

Gesualdo Busacca (Stanford University)

Conservation of Saruq Al Hadid (UAE): Objects as a Key for Archaeological Interpretation

https://youtu.be/HOYr6h9Q5kM

The aim of this paper is to highlight the relevance of the Conservator to the archaeological process, from the excavation of an artefact to its interpretation. At Saruq al Hadid, an Iron Age site in the United Arab Emirates, conservation has contributed to the decades of archaeological excavation and study which has revealed tens of thousands of objects including copper alloy axes, arrowheads, knives, incense burners, bowls, and iron swords. Due to the specific burial conditions of the site and the resulting corrosion processes, the surfaces of the metal artefacts are almost completely obscured by carbonates and corrosion products. The conservation team has chosen to apply a minimal intervention approach using appropriate cleaning techniques, informed by the results of previous analysis. This approach has allowed conservators to reveal decoration and which was not previously detected by archaeologists or investigative techniques. In addition to decoration, Artfix Conservation’s work has revealed evidence of manufacturing processes, repairs and even possible intentional destruction. This paper will demonstrate how hours of meticulous conservation has revealed evidence of objects which have been burnt, pierced, hammered, bent, and repaired. This information could influence the archaeological interpretation of an object, a context, or even the entire site.

J. Cowey, L. Gutierrez, A. Monreal, M.D. Murillo, Y. Al Ali and A. Mahmoud (Artfix Conservation& Dubai Municipality)

Losing Context: Does context change impact our phenomenological experience and ability to create agency?

https://youtu.be/B2Ep-Qzwlrg

How does the context of cultural heritage affect our perception of heritage today? Does a change of context fundamentally change our phenomenological experience, our ability to form a connection with the monument? Take for example stone monuments, found across the United Kingdom from Stonehenge to the Cenotaph, they hold a unique place in society. They are focal points where people have and will come together (e.g. Remembrance Sunday). We create agency with these monuments, they reflect our human identity. Context is key to these monuments; the landscape setting is a key component of their context. Many stone monuments are however at risk; from environmental exposure, vandalism and social changes (e.g. the closure of churches). As a result, some monuments are placed in protective environments, museum galleries and storage. Is this removal from the historical landscape, breaking down the context? Is it affecting how the public view our heritage today? Is there a loss of connection between our heritage and the public? Are we, as we try to preserve the physical monument, causing the systematic decay of the intangible? Do we need more informed conversations and co-operation between archaeologists and conservators to preserve our intangible and tangible heritage?

William Tregaskes

Articulating Discovery: Experience from the Neolithic site of Drenovac

https://youtu.be/8A7z078TFWo

As argued by Matt Edgeworth, among many, the excavation is where archaeologist comes into direct physical contact with unfolding material evidence that has power to question and change ideas about the past and how we perceive it in present. As discipline, archaeology is in the heart of interplay between those two worlds, since it produces knowledge about the past with the authority that none other disciplines has. This multilayered relationship is inevitably closely connected to conservation practices that simultaneously shape and determine the final image of the past. Therefore, material remains, site structures and findings, through conservation activities, ought to justify and ‘fix’ applied concepts and models about what happened in distant time. But different disciplinary histories and configurations led to different understandings of relationship and role of archaeology and conservation, consequently diverse perceptions of presentation approaches and authenticity matter. Drawing on the wide range experiences of ethnography of archaeological and conservation practice, this paper describes how archaeological discovery is being articulated during the site investigation process. Specifically, this research aims to shed light on intertwined practices of archaeology and conservation and how they influence interpretation imagining on Neolithic site Drenovac in Serbia.

Natalija Ćosić (Central Institute for Conservation in Belgrade)

3D Digital Documentation in Archaeological Conservation: Revolution or evolution?

https://youtu.be/9xxoapFWSqY

Hardware and software for rapid 3D digital imaging using techniques such as photogrammetry, laser and white light scanning have recently become more accessible than ever before, leading to increasing adoption of these techniques as standard practice in both archaeological and conservation recording. The benefits of 3D modelling for visualization, dissemination and outreach are often cited. How can these techniques be applied to significantly enrich information on objects and sites gathered by conservators, and how can conservation perspectives on digital 3D recording add to archaeological datasets?

Eric Nordgren (Historic England) and Ashley Lingle (Cardiff University)

The Archaeology News Network

New research finds Earth's oldest asteroid strike linked to 'big thaw'

Curtin University scientists have discovered Earth's oldest asteroid strike occurred at Yarrabubba, in outback Western Australia, and coincided with the end of a global deep freeze known as a Snowball Earth. The Yarrabubba Impact Structure [Credit: Google Earth]The research, published in the leading journal Nature Communications, used isotopic analysis of minerals to calculate the precise age of the Yarrabubba crater for the first...

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The Archaeology News Network

Life's Frankenstein beginnings

When the Earth was born, it was a mess. Meteors and lightning storms likely bombarded the planet's surface where nothing except lifeless chemicals could survive. How life formed in this chemical mayhem is a mystery billions of years old. Now, a new study offers evidence that the first building blocks may have matched their environment, starting out messier than previously thought. Szostak believes the earliest cells developed on land...

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ArcheoNet BE

Stad Leuven zoekt adviseur archeologiebeleid

Als adviseur archeologiebeleid bij de directie Ruimtelijke Ontwikkeling ben je specialist in de discipline archeologie binnen het beleidsdomein onroerend erfgoed. Je werkt samen met de medewerkers van de afdeling ruimtelijk en duurzaamheidsbeleid aan een visie over de ruimtelijke ontwikkeling van Leuven waarbij het behoud van het erfgoed hand in hand gaat met de dynamische ontwikkeling van de stad.

Je vindt de volledige vacature op leuven.be.

The Archaeology News Network

Domesticated wheat has complex parentage

Certain types of domesticated wheat have complicated origins, with genetic contributions from wild and cultivated wheat populations on opposite sides of the Fertile Crescent. Terence Brown and colleagues at the University of Manchester report these findings in a new paper published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. Credit: WikiCommonsA wild form of wheat called emmer wheat was one of the first plant species that humans...

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Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Coins of the Nabataeans

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Hd2dLnryVpU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

CREWS: Visiting Fellowship focused on the study of ancient writing systems

Details of how to apply for this Visiting Fellowship are now available online. The deadline for applications is 5pm GMT on Monday, 17th February 2020

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Reviewlet of Orlov, The Glory of the Invisible God

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/WJvmAbiw8W0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

ArcheoNet BE

Bezoek zaterdag de opgravingen aan de Broelkaai in Kortrijk

Ter hoogte van het voormalige Broelhotel in Kortrijk worden momenteel opgravingen uitgevoerd door archeologen van Monument Vandekerckhove NV. In samenwerking met ontwikkelaars Global Estate Group, Eribo en de stad Kortrijk wordt op zaterdag 25 januari een bezoekmoment voor geïnteresseerden voorzien. Hierbij zal het – na een korte historische uiteenzetting – mogelijk zijn de site met de nodige tekst en uitleg te bezoeken samen met de archeoloog.

In juli 2019 zijn op de site aan de Broelkaai de resten van de voormalige stadsmuur, stadsgracht en van de Trompetterstoren in beperkte mate onderzocht. Momenteel is het terrein voorzien van een keerwand, waardoor is de middeleeuwse site verder onderzocht kan worden tot ongeveer 7 meter onder het straatniveau.

Op zaterdag 25 januari zijn er drie instapmomenten voorzien voor de rondleidingen, met name om 10u30, 12u30 en 14u. Adres: Broelkaai 6.

Kathleen Dewulf (Global Estate Group): “We vinden het belangrijk dat de Kortrijkzanen de kans krijgen om hun verleden beter te leren kennen. Het infomoment dat we zaterdag aanbieden, leent zich daar perfect toe.”

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

ReligionProf Podcast with Roger Sneed

On the episode of the ReligionProf Podcast that was released today, I talk with Roger Sneed about his current project literally digging into archives of notes, clippings, drafts, and other materials belonging to Octavia Butler. From there we explore comparisons between Butler’s vision and that of Star Trek, sci-fi as prophecy, and much else. Since […]

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2020.01.29: Images du pouvoir et pouvoir de l'image: les médaillons-portraits miniatures des Lagides. Scripta antiqua, 113

Review of Estelle Galbois, Images du pouvoir et pouvoir de l'image: les médaillons-portraits miniatures des Lagides. Scripta antiqua, 113. Bordeaux: 2018. Pp. 287. €25,00 (pb). ISBN 9782356132260.

2020.01.28: Anonimo Greco. Giochi d’amore: Erotopaignia. Giochi d’amore. Introduzione, traduzione e note

Review of Lucio Coco, Anonimo Greco. Giochi d’amore: Erotopaignia. Giochi d’amore. Introduzione, traduzione e note. Firenze: 2019. Pp. 48. €8,00. ISBN 9788822266453.

Archaeology Magazine

Early Humans May Have Triggered Carnivore Extinctions

Carnivores LeopardGOTHENBURG, SWEDEN—Søren Faurby of the University of Gothenburg and his colleagues suggest that hominins started triggering the extinctions of other creatures about four million years ago, according to a BBC News report. Faurby and his team compared the rate of extinction for large and small carnivores with environmental changes and the changes in brain size of human ancestors in East Africa such as Australopithecus, thought to have evolved some 4.2 million years ago, and Ardipithecus, estimated to have lived some 4.4 million years ago. The researchers found that the extinction rate of large carnivores correlated with the increasing brain size of human ancestors and changes in vegetation, but not with changes in precipitation or temperature. Faurby and his team members think early human ancestors may have stolen prey brought down by large carnivores, thus depriving them of food. For more on scavenging hominins, go to "Marrow of Humanity."

Study Analyzes Warriors’ Remains in Medieval Tombs in Poland

Poland Cieple BurialsGDAŃSK, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that the isotope and genetic analysis of samples collected from the remains of four men uncovered in an eleventh-century A.D. cemetery in northwestern Poland indicates they came from Scandinavia. The men, who were buried in four wood-lined chamber graves surrounded by a fence or palisade, were probably warriors from Denmark, according to Sławomir Wadyl of the Archaeological Museum in Gdańsk. The graves are thought to be the oldest of the more than 60 burials in the cemetery, which dates to the reign of Bolesław the Brave, who was Duke of Poland from A.D. 992 to 1025, when he became the first King of Poland and ruled until his death later that year. The four men were buried with richly decorated spurs, stirrups, bits, buckles, coins, metal and wooden utensils, scales, weights, a comb, knives, animal remains, and grains. Many of the artifacts are thought to have been made in Western Europe or Scandinavia. Wadyl thinks the elite men may have used the scales and weights found in the graves to collect taxes from the local population for the Polish ruler. To read about genetic ties between the individuals buried in a Neolithic mass grave in southern Poland, go to "We Are Family."

Additional Remains Unearthed Near Revolutionary War Battlefield

Connecticut Ridgefield BurialsRIDGEFIELD, CONNECTICUT—According to a News Times report, the remains of a fourth possible Revolutionary War soldier have been uncovered on private property near the site of the Battle of Ridgefield, which took place in April 1777. State archaeologist Nicholas Bellantoni said 28 brass buttons were recovered from the chest and arm areas of the skeleton. “All buttons were badly corroded and need to be cleaned in the lab to look for insignia,” he said. Scientists from the University of Connecticut, Quinnipiac University, Yale University, the University of Florida, and the University of California, Santa Cruz, will attempt to confirm that the four robust young men were soldiers, and will try to determine if they fought for the British or American armies. If the men were British soldiers, the remains may be returned to England. If the men were American, researchers will attempt to identify them. For more on the archaeology of the American Revolution, go to "Small Skirmish in the War for Freedom."

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Ancient statue found carved in rock in Siem Reap

Makar found in Phnom Kulen. Source: Khmer Times 20200121via Khmer Times, 21 January 2020: Statue of a Makara found in Phnom Kulen. Images of the find have been floating on Facebook over the last few days.

Palaeolithic stone tools found in Gunung Pulai

Artifacts from Gunung Pulai. Source: The Star, 20200121via Malaysiakini, 21 January 2020: Malaysia's Department of National Heritage announces the discovery of stone tools from Gunung Pulai in Kedah, Malaysia, with dates of 17,000 years.

[Scholarship] Tun Dato Sir Cheng Lock Tan MA Scholarship

MA scholarship for Singapore citizens and permanent residentsm applicable for studies in archaeology and archaeological science. Closing date 30 March 2020.

National Historical team rescues Amorsolos, artifacts from Taal

Taal. Source: Inquirer 20200119via Inquirer, 19 January 2020: A team from the National Historical Commission of the Philippines rescued artefacts from two museums in Taal.

Apsara Authority reacts to perceived ‘boycott’ of Angkor

Tourists at Angkor Wat. Source: Khmer Times 20200117via Khmer Times, 17 January 2020: The Apsara Authority reacts to the Traveller.com.au article about avoiding Angkor, labeling it a call for boycott and even lodging a protest with the Australian embassy. It should be pointed out that the original article does not call for a boycott.

January 21, 2020

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

Look Hard Before You Leap Again!

I planned to say this at today's Cultural Property Advisory Committee meeting on MOU's with Turkey and Tunisia, but had to limit my actual comments.  Due to the large number of speakers, the Chair only allowed 2 minutes not the usual 5 minutes to speak:

Any MOU with Turkey raises serious legal and ethical questions because it would recognize the Erdogan Government’s rights to “claw back” cultural goods of “ethnically cleansed” Greek, Armenian and Assyrian populations. Moreover, one or more CPAC members recently resigned over President Trump’s tweet threatening Iranian cultural sites, and House Foreign Relations Chair Elliot Engel—with the approval of archaeological advocacy groups supporting this MOU—has introduced H.R. 795 that declares that, “the intentional targeting or destruction of cultural property in the absence of imperative military necessity is a violation of the law of armed conflict and runs counter to the values of the United States.”  Yet, the Erdogan government has recently bombed an important Hittite site in Syria, flooded ancient cities, and has even threatened to turn Justinian’s Great Patriarchal Church, Hagia Sophia, from a museum into a mosque.  These measures are the polar opposite of the “self-help” obligations embedded in 19 U.S.C. § 2602 (a) (1) (b), and granting Erdogan a MOU will only encourage him on his destructive path.   As to coins, let me make the following points for both MOU’s:
·        There are large numbers of coin collectors and numismatic firms in the US.   Most collect out of love of history, as an expression of their own cultural identity, or out of interest in other cultures.  All firms that specialize in ancient coins in the US are small businesses.
·        The brief of the State Department Bureau of Educational and Cultural affairs is to foster people to people contacts and the appreciation of other cultures. It does so with a huge budget of over $500 million. Ancient coin collecting fosters those same goals, but at no cost to the US Taxpayer.
·        Yet, since 2007, a series of grossly over broad import restrictions placed on common ancient coins of the sort widely collected worldwide (including within most of the countries for which import restrictions have been granted) have done quite a bit of damage to ancient coin collecting.
·        Their cumulative impact has been problematic because outside of some valuable Greek coins, most coins simply lack the document trail necessary for legal import under the “safe harbor” provisions of 19 U.S.C. § 2606.
·        Another embargo, this time potentially impacting a wide variety of Greek, Carthaginian, Roman Provincial, Roman and Byzantine coins struck or sometimes found in Turkey and Tunisia, will bring even more damage. As set forth in IAPN's submissions, there are many statutory reasons why this should not happen. Moreover, CPAC also needs to consider whether import restrictions on coins are really necessary, particularly because it appears that both Turkey and Tunisia allow for the internal sale of ancient coins.
·        At a minimum, CPAC should ensure that Customs only applies the CPIA as written to items on the designated list exported from the State Party after the effective date of regulations.  (19 U.S.C. § 2606).  Unfortunately, the State Department and Customs view this authority far more broadly, and the one Court that has looked at this issue decided to defer to that decision making on “foreign policy grounds.”  In particular, designated lists have been prepared based on where coins are made and sometimes found, not where they are actually found and hence are subject to export control.  Furthermore, restrictions are not applied prospectively solely to illegal exports made after the effective date of regulations, but rather are enforced against any import into the U.S. made after the effective date of regulations, i.e., an embargo, not targeted, prospective import restrictions.

·        CPAC should also make any import restrictions on coins contingent on the creation of a Portable Antiquities Scheme and the provision of export permits.  Turkey already pays for finds in some circumstances and both Turkey and Tunisia already allow for internal sales of ancient coins, which should make both programs possible under local law.  Thank you. 


Archaeological News on Tumblr

Oldest sake brewery found at former temple site in Kyoto

KYOTO–No fancy machines here, just a lot of hard work. But this brewery still produced sake,...

Three pre-Columbian sculpted faces returned to Mexico from Germany

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Three centuries-old pre-Columbian sculptures that since the 1970s had been...

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

From Skins to Tanned Leather: New Thoughts on Tanning and Tanneries

January 21, 2020 19:30 - LECTURE Dr. Petra Pakkanen

Γλώσσες και συστήματα γραφής.

January 21, 2020 19:00 - Κώστας Κοπανιάς (ΕΚΠΑ): "Χαλκός και συστήματα γραφής στην Κύπρο" Άρτεμις Καρναβά (Ακαδημία Επιστημών Βερολίνου - Βραδεμβούργου): "Γλωσσικοί και κοινωνικοί κώδικες συμβίωσης στην Κύπρο της Πρώτης Χιλιετίας π.Χ."

Paola Arosio and Diego Meozzi (Stone Pages' Archaeonews)

Neolithic house orientations finally solved

Human behaviour is influenced by many things, most of which remain unconscious to us. One of these is a phenomenon known among perception psychologists as 'pseudo-neglect'. This refers to the...

Australia wildfires reveal ancient aquaculture system

Australia's wildfires have revealed an ancient aquaculture system built by indigenous people which is thought to date back to 4,600 BCE. The Budj Bim Cultural Landscape is situated south-west of...

Rock art scraped off in Greece by vandals

Archaeologists and historians are lamenting the destruction of several 3,000-year-old rock carvings on the Pangaion Hills near Kavala in northern Greece and calling for measures to protect the remaining samples...

Damage to prehistoric burial mound in Wales

Welsh police are investigating 'appalling damage' at a Bronze Age burial mound which dates back 3,000-4,000 years. Gwent Police Rural Crime Team said the destruction was caused by off-road vehicles...

17,000-year-old Venus statue in Romania stirs controversy

The alleged discovery of a 17,000-year-old Venus figurine in site near Piatra Neamt, in North-Eastern Romania, has stirred controversy after journalists reported that the figurine was found by two amateurs,...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Wie Laien und Fachleute über Medizinisches sprechen: Ein Vergleich medizinischer Äußerungen in Briefen und Fachtexten aus der Zeit der späten römischen Republik bis in die frühe Kaiserzeit

Wie Laien und Fachleute über Medizinisches sprechen: Ein Vergleich medizinischer Äußerungen in Briefen und Fachtexten aus der Zeit der späten römischen Republik bis in die frühe Kaiserzeit
Weilbach, Christoph
 Wie Laien und Fachleute über Medizinisches sprechen
Empfohlene Zitierweise
Weilbach, Christoph: Wie Laien und Fachleute über Medizinisches sprechen: Ein Vergleich medizinischer Äußerungen in Briefen und Fachtexten aus der Zeit der späten römischen Republik bis in die frühe Kaiserzeit, Heidelberg: Propylaeum, 2020. https://doi.org/10.11588/propylaeum.505
Lizenz
Dieses Werk ist unter der
Creative Commons-Lizenz 4.0
(CC BY-SA 4.0)
veröffentlicht.
Creative Commons Lizenz BY-SA 4.0
Identifikatoren
ISBN 978-3-947450-75-6 (Softcover)
ISBN 978-3-947450-48-0 (PDF)
Veröffentlicht am 21.01.2020.
Die Untersuchung geht der Frage nach, ob und inwiefern sich sprachliche Merkmale fachlicher medizinischer Kommunikation im Austausch über die Themen Gesundheit und Krankheit zwischen Nicht-Fachleuten in der überlieferten antiken römischen Literatur vorfinden. Um diese Frage zu beantworten, werden medizinischen Äußerungen in den Briefen Ciceros (epistulae ad Atticum, ad familiares, ad Quintum fratrem, ad Brutum), Senecas d. J. (epistulae morales ad Lucilium) und Pliniusʼ d. J. (epistulae) vergleichbare Äußerungen in den medizinischen Schriften des Celsus (de medicina), des älteren Plinius („medizinische“ Bücher 20–32 der naturalis historia) und des Scribonius Largus (compositiones) gegenübergestellt.

Inhaltsverzeichnis
PDF
Titelei
Inhalt
Vorwort
Lesehinweise
I. Einführung
II. Medizinische Ausdrücke und Formulierungen
III. Sprachliche Merkmale fachlicher Kommunikation in den Briefen
IV. Schlussbetrachtungen und Ausblick
Verzeichnisse

Open Access Exhibition Catalogue: MUS-IC-ON! Klang der Antike. Begleitband zur Ausstellung im Martin von Wagner Museum der Universität Würzburg 10. Dezember 2019 bis 12. Juli 2020

MUS-IC-ON! Klang der Antike. Begleitband zur Ausstellung im Martin von Wagner Museum der Universität Würzburg 10. Dezember 2019 bis 12. Juli 2020
Year of Completion:2019
Edition:1. Auflage
Publisher:Würzburg University Press
Place of publication:Würzburg
ISBN:978-3-95826-122-8
ISBN:978-3-95826-123-5
"MUS-IC-ON! Klang der Antike" ist der Begleitband zur gleichnamigen Sonderausstellung im Martin von Wagner-Museum Würzburg (10. Dezember 2019 bis 12. Juli 2020). Die eigene Musik zu verstehen verlangt auch, nach Klängen und Musik der Vergangenheit zu fragen. So offenbart der Blick auf antike Musikkulturen – des Vorderen Orients, Ägyptens, Griechenlands und Roms – dem Betrachter kulturelle Konstanten, deren Vermächtnis sich in unserer abendländischen Musik erhält. Ziel des Begleitbands zur Ausstellung "MUS-IC-ON! Klang der Antike" ist es, die Relevanz musikhistorischer und –archäologischer Forschung für das Verständnis der eigenen Musikkultur aufzuzeigen. An vier Schwerpunkten werden die Inhalte, Methoden und der Stand der Erforschung antiker Musik von international namhaften Wissenschaftler*innen in einer umfassenden und dennoch allgemein verständlichen Weise vorgestellt. Der reichhaltig bebilderte Band ist damit als ein einführendes und informatives Handbuch konzipiert, das über die Ausstellung hinaus von fachfremden Wissenschaftlern, Studierenden und interessierten Laien konsultiert wird.
1. Vom archäologischen Artefakt zum klingenden Instrument: Grundlage jedweder Erforschung antiker Musik ist die Rekonstruktion seiner Klangvielfalt. Unzählige Funde originaler Musikinstrumente, darunter vorderasiatische Kastenleiern, altägyptische Trompeten aus dem Grab des Tutanchamun oder die griechisch-römische Hydraulis, eröffnen einen Weg, den Klängen antiker Musik nachzugehen. Insgesamt sechs Beiträge mit einem historischen Rahmen, der von der Steinzeit bis in die römische Kaiserzeit reicht, stellen die Vorgehensweise aber auch die Herausforderungen bei der Bergung, Erforschung und dem Nachbau antiker Musikinstrumente vor.
2. Musik und Klang in Bild und Text: Ein umfassendes Bild vom Einsatz, der Spielweise, der Verbreitung und Entwicklung antiker Musikinstrumente liefern antike Bilder und Texte. Trotz der Vielfalt an Objekten, darunter griechische Vasen, assyrische Reliefbilder oder römische Mosaike, bedarf es einer analytischen und kritischen Herangehensweise bei der Analyse und Auswertung solcher Daten. Vorgestellt werden in diesem Themenschwerpunkt auch antike Notationsformen und Stimmungssysteme, die sich auf Papyri und Keilschrifttafeln erhalten haben, sowie die Schwierigkeiten ihrer Entzifferung. 3. Musikleben in der Antike: Wesentlich für das Verständnis antiker Musik ist die Kenntnis ihres Einsatzes und ihres Umfeldes. Getrennt nach den verschiedenen Kulturkreisen stellen in diesem Kapitel insgesamt neun Autoren unterschiedliche Bereiche und Funktionen des Musizierens vor. Herausragend ist hier die Rolle von Musik im täglichen Tempelkult, über die sich die in der Antike vorgestellte Macht von Musik aufzeigen lässt, die sogar auf die Gemüter der Götter Einfluss zu nehmen vermag. Zusätzlich aufschlussreich ist das Wissen von Ausbildung und Aufstieg auch namentlich bekannter Musiker, zumeist Hofmusiker, die den Ruhm ihres Königs verkünden, aber auch regelrechte Virtuosen, die sich beispielsweise in antiken Wettstreiten hervortun, den musischen Agonen.
 4. Kontinuität und Interkulturalität antiker Musikkulturen: Dieser Teil widmet sich Spuren, die antike Musikkulturen in der abendländischen sowie in orientalischen Kulturräumen hinterlassen haben. So geht unser modernes Tonsystem auf griechische, ja sogar auf babylonische Tonleitern zurück. Vorläufer der europäischen Kirchenorgel ist die Hydraulis, eine griechische Erfindung aus dem 3. vorchristlichen Jahrhundert. Viele vor über 4500 Jahren zwischen Euphrat und Tigris entwickelte Musikinstrumente werden noch heute im arabischen und afrikanischen Kulturkreis, ja selbst in nord- und osteuropäischen Ländern gespielt. Hervorgehoben werden außerdem historische Momente, die einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die Entwicklung moderner Musiksysteme ausgeübt haben.
Die Autoren: Benedetta Bellucci (Vorderasiatische Archäologie, Mainz), Arndt A. Both (Altamerikanistik, Musikarchäologie, DAI Berlin), Ricardo Eichmann (Vorderasiatische Archäologie, DAI Berlin), Uri Gabbay (Altorientalistik, Jerusalem), Ralf Gehler (Instrumentenbauer, Schwerin), Carolin Goll (Martin von Wagner-Museum, Würzburg), Jochen Griesbach (Martin von Wagner-Museum, Klassische Archäologie, Würzburg), Stefan Hagel (Klassische Philologie, ÖAW Wien), Katharina Hepp (Ägyptologie, Würzburg), Peter Holmes (Instrumentenbauer, London), Marie Klein (Altorientalisik, Würzburg), Carola Koch Ägyptologie, Würzburg), Ulrich Konrad (Historische Musikwissenschaft, Würzburg), Eva Kurz (Ägyptologie Würzburg), Florian Leitmeir (Klassische Archäologie, Würzburg), Thomas Ludewig (Klassische Archäologie, Würzburg), Sam Mirelman (Altorientalistik, London), Daniel Schwemer (Altorientalistik, Würzburg), Dahlia Shehata (Altorientalisik, Würzburg), Martin Stadler (Ägyptologie, Würzburg), Olga Sutkowska (Kulturgeschicht der Antike, ÖAW Wien), Günther E. Thüry (Provinzialrömische Archäologie, Salzburg), Marc Wahl (Numismatik, Wien/Würzburg), Oliver Wiener (Historische Musikwissenschaft, Würzburg), Nele Ziegler (Altorientalistik, Paris)

The Archaeology News Network

How social structures emerge: Computer simulations uncover universality in cultural anthropology observations

What rules shaped humanity's original social networks? Researchers in Japan developed new mathematical models to understand what conditions produced traditional community structures and conventions around the world, including taboos about incest. Illustration of communities joining through a marriage [Credit: © Caitlin Devor, University of Tokyo, CC BY 4.0]"We think this is the first time cultural anthropology and computer...

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Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

"Compromise" on the Antiquities - by Legalising Tomb-Robbing?


'Anyone can do archaeology...'
Antique furniture restorer Clinton R. Howell is owner of 'Clinton Howell Antiques, dealers in high end English Antique Furniture' in New York  and current president of the International Federation of Dealer Associations, representing art trade organisations. In  the latter guise, he was moved to write a 'statement' in response to something Trump said... 'Trump’s Threat to Attack Cultural Sites Raises Broader Questions, " Cultural Conservation of Objects – Will it be history too?" January 18, 2020.

We may leave aside the issue of whether the irresponsibly spontaneous and infantile rantings of the narcissist in the White House raise any more questions broader than the motives of the millions of Americans who chose him as the representative of their nation.

Howell, however, suggests that the MAGA-ideology of Trump himself has become the national credo: “win at all costs” and asks what this means for global heritage conservation efforts.  He seems to regard that as some kind of civilisational norm: "winning at all costs has infected our (American) society in all sorts of ways and it has seeped into Europe".  Howell's argument is, however, merely clumsy and is based on depicting those who oppose current modes of operation of the antiquities market as displaying such a "win at all costs" attitude. In doing so, he demonstrates that he does not really understand the issues when it comes to so-called portable antiquities. I think he's been listening too much, and too uncritically, to the distortions of the likes of Peter Tompa.
Mr Howell
The main thrust of his argument comes from depicting those that oppose the way the current market works that facilitates trade in illicit artefacts as "non-compromising zealots". He then moralises:
 It isn’t hard to see that compromise and collaboration are a far more desirable route to achieving one’s goals. [...] if you wish to shut down the illegal trade on websites, don’t think that shutting down the legitimate trade is going to end that practice. 
He seems to fall into the self-serving rhetorical game as the lobbyists of the antiquities market that argue, circularly, that calls to cut out the trade in illicit artefacts are no less than a call to destroy the antiquities market as a whole, while loudly proclaiming at the same time that the 'legitimate' market is quite separate from that which deals in the illicit artefacts.

The rest of us do not see any such problem here. The compromise is to take effective steps to make that separation physical, get rid of the cowboy traders in illicit artefacts, leaving the guys who play fair a free hand to trade ethically with items that can be shown to be licitly obtained. The problem is that the dealers in dugup portable antiquities - for some reason - seem afraid of doing that. They prefer instead to pretend that the preservation lobby "wants the impossible" and most of all "wants" to get rid of the market as a whole. Having set it out like that, and demonised the preservationists, they then declare that they are justified in having no intention of working to cull the illicit antiquities sales. Mr Howell does not diverge from this time-worn formula for inaction.

As president of an antiques dealing federation, he takes the view that 'objects are just as important as sites—indeed, they give meaning to sites'. Both in furniture as in archaeology, that's pretty questionable on all counts. In the context that he is discussing, it could almost be taken as meaning that the 'sites' can be destroyed, and yet if the objects remain, not all is lost. The sites need the meaning given by the objects, but even if the sites are gone, the meaning in the object remains. And those objects are 'preserved' by collectors and dealers, the real saviours of the day. Is that it?

I take exception to a used furniture salesman telling us that:
Sovereign states that would like to see the eradication of the antiquities trade (sic) could take a page from the book of compromise. If one looks at how the United Kingdom (sic) has approached the unearthing of historical objects as an example, there is a rough template for how to deal with tomb robbing and/or illegal excavations [I presume he means the Treasure Act and PAS]. 
What, make it legal, and then let it go on, on the proviso that the artefact hunters voluntarily show us a little of their haul? So in the case of the looting of the average Etruscan cemetery, what 'objects that give the site meaning' would the furniture specialist suggest it should be obligatory to show the archaeologists? How does he see this template working in such a context? I think Mr Howell really does not see that the PAS is a product of the medieval and 1880s British legislative framework and not in fact the reason for its existence in that form...

He also does not see that in the case of an artefact hunter taking apart contexts (and tombs!) to put loose objects onto the antiquities market, it is not the loss or not-loss of the objects that is the issue, but the loss of the close observation and documentation of context that is trashed in the removal of those things that is the issue. And, demonstrably, neither in Britain, nor Etruria are tomb-robbers capable of making those records. Some of the British ones can barely write. And here it makes no difference whether the activity is legal or illegal, a looter's hole is not an excavation. A looter is not an archaeologist. A looter cannot produce archaeological information, they can only produce loose objects. The same way as I have a saw, hammer, chisels and nails and a lot of old wood in my garage, and can easily make a chair, with four legs and a seat, maybe even some rungs, but this piece of furniture would be of no use to 'Clinton Howell Antiques, dealers in high end English Antique Furniture'. It's not the same thing.

Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

Class, Class Consciousness and Class Identity in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (c. 3000 BCE-1000 CE)

Details of this conference, being held in the Fisher Building, St John's College, 31 January - 1 February, are now available online

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

The sanctuaries at Sounion. What do the finds tell us?

January 21, 2020 15:00 - LECTURE Zetta Theodoropoulou, Chair of the Greek Archaeological Committee UK

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Teaching Tuesday: Without a Syllabus

Over the last few years, I’ve started to do some work to flip my classroom in both my introductory level and mid-level courses. I’ve also discovered that students have come to expect a certain amount of classroom inversion at my institution. What I used to have to explain and justify for students has now become expected. In general, I think this is a good trend in education.

This morning, I meet with a group of 10 students who have signed up for a one-credit course that will focus on Montgomery Hall. Montgomery Hall is among the older buildings on campus having once served as the university commons, then as the library, before becoming the deanery for Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School, and building filled with storage and small departments. Over the years, the building’s prime spot on the main road through campus and its awkward orientation toward the rest of campus and use of Tudor style architecture rather than the prevailing College Gothic has made it vulnerable to more ambitious campus planners. As a result, the building is slated for demolition this year. 

While this is bad for the building, it is good for students, because it means that once again, we have a building that we can explore as a way to understand architecture, the history of campus, and the complex ways that we might memorialize these buildings and understand how campuses change.

Two years ago, I ran a similar class focused on two now-demolished buildings associated with Wesley College on the campus of UND. In the case of this class, I very much set the agenda and enlisted students as co-researchers who helped me document the building and the objects left behind at abandonment. Over the course of the class, however, students began to get their own ideas and set their own agendas. By the end of the class, the data that I collected was far less interesting than the work of the students themselves. The optimist in me imagined that my research established a framework for the students to explore their own interests, but part of me wondered how the students might do if I hadn’t framed so much of their early interaction with the building.

So, this semester, I’m going to leave the class more open ended. For example, I’m not going to have a syllabus. I’m also not going to tell the students what I want them to do. Instead, I’m going to talk about ways to KNOW a building in general, munch on donuts, and listen to how they think about campus, campus-changes, and commemorating or recognizing the history of campus over time. In the past, I’ve been interested in the tensions between campus as a dynamic place and campus as a place saturated with history and traditions. As recent controversies surrounding the Silent Sam statue on UNC’s campus, the renaming of buildings at Brown, Calhoun College at Yale, and others across the U.S. often marks the intersection between broadly progressive values and the role that college campuses play as mnemonic landscapes for generations of alumni and students.

Framing the class at this very intersection – between formal requirements of a syllabus and the less structured experiences and attitude of students toward their built environment – might set up new ways of thinking about campus buildings and changes over time. 

The class starts now, so we’ll see.   

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

#Thelxinoe ~ Your Morning Salutatio for January 21, 2020

Hodie est a.d. XII Kal. Feb. 2772 AUC ~ 27 Poseideon II in the third year of the 699th Olympiad

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Alia

‘Sorting’ Out Your Day:

Today on the Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar:

if it thunders today, it portends a plot against the king hated by many.

… adapted from the text and translation of:

Jean MacIntosh Turfa, The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar, in Nancy Thomson de Grummond and Erika Simon (eds.), The Religion of the Etruscans. University of Texas Press, 2006. (Kindle edition)

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

L'Italia dei Musei. Digitalizzazione del Patrimonio italiano: a che punto siamo?

Riportiamo in versione parziale il Report Annuale dell'ISTAT (Istituto Nazionale di Statistica) circa l'attuale situazione dei Musei italiani. L'analisi rivela l'attuale difficoltà di digitalizzazione del patrimonio italiano e della limitata accessibilità dei Musei.

The Archaeology News Network

A chronicle of giant straight-tusked elephants

About 800,000 years ago, the giant straight-tusked elephant Palaeoloxodon migrated out of Africa and became widespread across Europe and Asia. Reconstructed life appearance of the extinct European straight-tusked elephant Palaeoloxodon antiquus in (top) side and (bottom) frontal view, based on remains uncovered from the Neumark-Nord 1 site  in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany [Credit: Hsu Shu-yu]It divided into many species, with distinct...

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

ICT al servizio del Patrimonio Culturale Aquilano

Totem e server multimediali, Realtà Virtuale immersiva, Visori 3D e Animazioni 3D per il Museo Nazionale d’Abruzzo e il Forte Spagnolo.

The Archaeology News Network

The little auks that lived in the Pacific

Findings from a 700,000-year-old fossil bone indicate that a close relative of the most abundant seabird species in the North Atlantic, the modern dovekie, or 'little auk', used to thrive in the Pacific Ocean and Japan. Current distribution of the modern dovekie across the Atlantic [Credit: Kyoto University/ Junya Watanabe & Justin Ammendolia]Seabirds are top predators in the marine ecosystem, and their distributions are shaped by...

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Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Export Ban on "Mirror of Recluses"



Mirror of the art market?
An Oxford academic stands to gain from the sale of an artefact important for the nation, reports Charlotte Higgins in the Guardian (21 Jan 2020). Dr Dirk Obbink, associate professor in papyrology and Greek at Christ Church, runs two businesses marketing artefacts, controversially for a figure in academia, where involvement in the market may be regarded as a conflict of interest. antiquarian books and documents, Castle Folio and Oxford Ancient operate 'in an office above a branch of TK Maxx in Oxford'. They are now controversially mixed up in the sales of ancient Greek documents to Hobby Lobby, who also bought manuscripts dating from between 1100 and 1600 from Obbink. Obbink's firm is the owner of another object, a unique book dating from around 1414. The only other known copy belongs to the British Library, and is incomplete. Obbink had bought it at an auction at Christie’s in London four years earlier, on 16 July 2014. At that time, the hammer price was £182,500. When he sold it in 2019 it fetched just £135,000.
The arts minister, Helen Whateley, has announced a temporary export bar on the precious Myrowr of Recluses, or “Mirror of Recluses”, a Middle-English volume of advice addressed to female anchorites and religious hermits. Last summer, Obbink put it up for sale at Bloomsbury Auctions in London where, on 2 July, it was sold to an overseas buyer. The temporary export bar has now been placed on the item because of its outstanding importance for British history and culture. It is a measure that gives UK buyers the chance to fundraise to purchase the item. A UK buyer would have to raise £168,750 by 13 April to save it for the nation.
thus leading to the unusual scenario of a civic institution raising funds from the public to acquire an item from Dr Obbink.
One senior academic has said: “Given that there is a police investigation [into Dr Obbink] it seems reasonable to question whether any of the activities Obbink has been involved with should be allowed to proceed. The process should be suspended.” [...] A DCMS spokesman said: [...] We are not aware of any evidence of wrongdoing in relationship to the manuscript.”
The timing of all this is interesting, and I would be very interested to know whether Hobby Lobby was at all interested in acquiring this document. It was sold by Bloomsbury Auctions on 2nd July 2019 for less than the seller had paid for it (a figure that could have been known to bidders, though the estimate was: £70,000 - £90,000). Mr Holmes was circulating details of Hobby Lobby's (note NOT the MoB's) dealings with Obbink in April 2019 and then on 4th June released copies of the invoices. Quite possibly (even though Obbink's ownership of the manuscript was in theory a trade secret), possibly the questions this raised may have depressed bidding on the "Mirror of Recluses". Was that intended? Obbink claims that the documents supplied by the MoB "have been fabricated in a malicious attempt to harm my reputation and career”.


The Archaeology News Network

Arctic sea ice can't 'bounce back'

A team of scientists led by the University of Exeter used the shells of quahog clams, which can live for hundreds of years, and climate models to discover how Arctic sea ice has changed over the last 1,000 years. Quahog clams [Credit: Paul Butler]They found sea ice coverage shifts over timescales of decades to centuries - so shrinking ice cannot be expected to return rapidly if climate change is slowed or reversed. The study examined...

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Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

On Berenice, Titus, and "replacement theory"

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/kmXhvauu5eQ" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

2020 archaeology scholarships available from BAS

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Narcegesis

I don’t know how I missed coming across this term until now, but I’m so incredibly happy to have added it to my vocabulary. Sarahbeth Caplin referred to “narcegesis” in the context of her comments on Anne Graham Lotz’s remarks about Donald Trump’s removal of troops from Syria perhaps being connected to the “End Times.” […]

The Archaeology News Network

Platypus on brink of extinction

Australia's devastating drought is having a critical impact on the iconic platypus, a globally unique mammal, with increasing reports of rivers drying up and platypuses becoming stranded. The platypus is one of the world's strangest animals [Credit: Torsten Blackwood/AFP]Platypuses were once considered widespread across the eastern Australian mainland and Tasmania, although not a lot is known about their distribution or abundance...

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Global study finds predators are most likely to be lost when habitats are converted for human use

A first of its kind, global study on the impacts of human land-use on different groups of animals has found that predators, especially small invertebrates like spiders and ladybirds, are the most likely to be lost when natural habitats are converted to agricultural land or towns and cities. The findings are published in the British Ecological Society journal Functional Ecology. A Malaysian spider, one of the small predators found in...

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Preparing land for palm oil causes most climate damage

New research has found preparing land for palm oil plantations and the growth of young plants causes significantly more damage to the environment, emitting double the amount of greenhouse gases than mature plantations. Peat swamp deforestation and drainage for new oil palm plantations in North Selangor Peat Swamp Forest, Malaysia [Credit: Stephanie Evers]This is the first study to examine the three main greenhouse gas emissions...

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Archaeology Magazine

Officials Recover Limestone Sculpture Looted from Afghanistan

Afghanistan Bull SculptureLONDON, ENGLAND—The Guardian reports that a sculpture stolen from the National Museum of Afghanistan some 30 years ago has been identified at a London auction house and will go on display at the British Museum before it is returned to Kabul. Members of the Art Loss Register spotted the limestone statue, known as the Surkh Kotal Bull, while reviewing items offered for sale. The sculpture had been part of a second century A.D. ceremonial frieze in a temple at the site of Surkh Kotal, which was excavated in northern Afghanistan in the 1950s and put on display at the museum. In 2001, the frieze was sledge-hammered by the Taliban, along with about 75 percent of the museum’s artifacts. “It is the only one to be recovered,” said St. John Simpson of the British Museum. “All of the other limestone blocks—more than a dozen—are still missing.” To read about the twelfth-century Minaret of Jam in western Afghanistan, go to "Minaret in the Mountains."

Fire Reveals Sections of Australia’s Ancient Aquaculture System

VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA—ABC News Australia reports that bush fires in the Budj Bim Cultural Landscape in southwestern Victoria have revealed additional stone-lined channels and pools built by the Gunditjmara people as part of an aquaculture system for harvesting eels. Some parts of the system, which includes stone dwellings, have been dated to as early as 6,600 years ago. Denis Rose, project manager for the Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation, said fire damage to the trees growing around the stone fish trap systems could cause them to fall and uproot the ancient stone structures. “We’ve had relatively cool burns—certainly nothing like the damage and the devastation over in the eastern parts of Australia,” Rose said. “[These fires] have burnt the undergrowth rather than scorching the forest the whole way through.” Aerial photography and a new survey of the area are planned. To read about petroglyphs in the Northern Territory's Kakadu National Park, go to "Off the Grid."