Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

July 19, 2018

Archaeology Magazine

Ancient Plaque Hints at British Diets Over Time

Britain dental plaqueYORK, ENGLAND—Scientists led by Camilla Speller of the University of York analyzed proteins in the dental plaque of Britons who lived from the Iron Age to the post-medieval period in order to discover what they ate, according to a BBC News report. They also investigated plaque from the teeth of living Britons, and some who had died recently. Milk products were detected in about one-third of the plaque samples, the oldest of which dated to 6500 B.C., Speller said. Victorian teeth yielded evidence of plant foods such as oats, peas, vegetables in the cabbage family, and dairy products. Modern diets were shown to include potatoes, soy, peanuts, and dairy products. This research could help other scientists determine what food products people ate in the past even though they do not otherwise survive in the archaeological record. To read in-depth about the study of ancient dental plaque, go to “Worlds Within Us.”

1,700-Year-Old Marble Bust Unearthed in Turkey

MERSIN PROVINCE, TURKEY—Hurriyet Daily News reports that a team of archaeologists led by Remzi Yağci of Dokuz Eylül University has unearthed a marble bust depicting a stern-faced bearded man at the site of the ancient city of Soli Pompeiopolis, which is located in southern Turkey. The city, founded in the eighth century B.C., was destroyed in the first century B.C., and was named for Pompey the Great, who rebuilt it. The sculpture is thought to depict a Roman aristocrat or military commander who lived during the end of the second century or beginning of the third century A.D., based upon the style of the carving. The well-preserved city has also yielded statues of gods, a column-lined street, sculpture bases and busts of Roman emperors, a theater, a bath complex, a harbor, and an aqueduct. For more on Roman remains discovered in Turkey, go to “Zeugma After the Flood.”

July 18, 2018

Archaeology Briefs


yrian archaeologists have begun work restoring artifacts damaged by Isil during the time the jihadist group controlled the ancient city of Palmyra. A group of eight experts is attempting to reconstruct statues and sculptures recovered from the Unesco heritage site, with the help of specialists from the Pushkin Museum in Moscow.

The Syrian government lost Palmyra, one of the Middle East's most spectacular archaeological sites, when it was overrun by Isil militants who took sledgehammers and explosives to the 2nd century BC Temple of Baalshamin and the famous limestone lions guarding Al-lāt. The army recaptured it in March 2016 with the help of allied Russian forces, but lost it again briefly a few months later before reclaiming it finally in March 2017.

Unesco sent assessors to Palmyra, where they discovered the city's museum had suffered considerable damage: statues and sarcophagi too large to be removed for safekeeping had been smashed and defaced, busts had been beheaded and were lying on the ground in ruin. Russia archaeologists have since made 3D models of the destroyed temple complexes for Syrian scientists to work from. The restoration is currently being carried out in museum laboratories in Damascus.

"The work is very complicated, the terrorists have broken the sculptures into many pieces,” said Maher al-Jubari, the director of the laboratory of national museums in Syria. “We collected everything in one box and marked the parts. Now my task is to glue them together with a special solution.”

Violence has destroyed not only the country's heritage, but its infrastructure, including electricity and water systems, schools and hospitals, and other institutions needed for daily civilian life.

Trafficking Culture

Paracas Mantle returned from National Gallery of Australia

Stolen from Peru’s national museum, the textile was purchased by Australia’s national museum and was returned in 1989 after several years of Peruvian demands.

[The Paracas mantle pictured is representative and not the one returned to Peru. It is in the Brooklyn museum and is presented with no provenance and an accession date immediately following the illegal looting of the Paracas Necropolis. Image Public Domain]

Sometime around 1973 a 2000-year-old textile was stolen from Peru’s National Museum in Lima. The piece, a mantle measuring 3.5 meters by 1.5 meters, was one of three that were taken (Cochrane 1989; Thew 1989). The mantle had been excavated by acclaimed Peruvian archaeologist Julio Tello in 1927 at the archaeological site of Cerro Colorado. It was found on “mummy 319”, one of over 400 Paracas culture mummy bundles recovered by Tello and his team during their years of digging at the site (Thew 1989).

The Australian National Gallery (now the National Gallery of Australia or NGA) purchased the mantle in 1974 in London from a US-based dealer (Cochrane 1989; Thew 1989), paying a reported $35,000 AUD for the piece on behalf of the Australian Government (QNP 1989). Professor Jane Dwyer of Brown University, an expert in Peruvian textiles, noticed the NGA’s purchase. She identified the NGA mantle as one that she had recorded and photographed in detail in Peru’s National Museum in the late 1960s (Cochrane 1988). She notified Peru of the purchase and the Peruvian Government, having confirmed that the mantle was one of those stolen from their museum, asked for the its return in 1982 (Cochrane 1989). The NGA and the Australian Government reportedly “refused to accept the mantle was stolen”, denying Peru’s claims (Thew 1989) and initiating seven years of continued repatriation demands from Peru.

In response to 1988 media reports that Peru had, again, demanded the mantle’s return, the NGA issued a statement denying Peru’s claim. Saying that they were “anxious to put this matter to rest”, the NGA stated that they had examined photographic negatives of the stolen textile (presumably supplied by Dwyer) and that although “there were similarities in the overall design”, there were differences between the piece photographed and the piece they held (quoted in Cochrane 1988). They also said that Peru’s Ambassador to Australia had issued them a letter on 4 August 1982, confirming that the NGA mantle was not one of the textiles stolen from the Lima museum.

Shortly after the NGA’s statement, the museum was presented with what they described as undeniable evidence that the mantle was the property of Peru and had been stolen from that country’s National Museum. Despite this evidence, it was not immediately clear if the museum would be forced by law to return the mantle. In 1986 Australia passed the Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act which controls the export and import of cultural heritage items (Australia 1986). Section 14.1 of the Act states that when a protected object was unlawfully exported from a foreign country, the piece is liable to forfeiture. However, as the mantle entered Australia before this law took effect, the museum as a good faith purchaser could have argued that the textile’s import into Australia was not prohibited at the time.

This argument, however, was not tested at the NGA and the Australian Government agreed to return the stolen mantle to Peru in October 1989. Australian Arts Minister at the time, Clyde Holding, stated that even though they may not have been compelled by law to return the textile, be believed that “it is important to abide by the spirit of the legislation and return this significant piece of Peru’s cultural heritage to the people of Peru” (Holding quoted in Thew 1989). Peru’s Ambassador to Australia at the time called the return “an act of fair play, typical of the Australian people” (quoted in Greenfield 2007).

The NGA maintained that they always had good intentions and that their investigations into Peru’s claims for the mantel were “hindered by the fact that both the dealer who sold us the mantle and an American anthropologist who alerted the Peruvian Government to our purchase [Dwyer] had died” (Lillian Harrison quoted in Cochrane 1989). The dealer’s death also prevented the Australian Government from recovering any of the money that they had spent on the textile (Thew 1989).


Australia, Government of (1986) Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act. Act No. 43. Available at:

Cochrane, Peter (1988) Wrong Mantle, Claims Gallery. Sydney Morning Herald 26 September.

Cochrane, Peter (1989) Art Gallery Gives up ‘Hot Mantle’. Sydney Morning Herald 24 October.

Greenfield, Jeanette (2007) The Return of Cultural Treasures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

QNP (1989) ‘Hot’ Relic Goes Back. Queensland Newspapers 24 October.

Thew, Helen (1989) Peru regains lost heritage: Govt returns 2000-year-old stolen shroud. AAP. 24 October.

Archaeology Briefs


The Egyptian security authorities discovered an ancient Greco-Roman site in the province of Minya, after chasing a gang specialized in antiquities excavation, based on information received by the Archaeological Police in Minya, saying that a group of strange men had been frequently visiting the area of ​​"Eastern Sheba", Abu Qurqas.

Investigation showed that the arrested men formed a gang specialized in archaeological excavations, and discovered a full ancient city dating back to the second century AD and the Constantinian era, as well as an ancient church. The gang members agreed to smuggle and sell the artifacts in batches. The first batch, which was supposed to be smuggled for sale, included a large pottery with 484 ancient coins dating back to the Greco-Roman era.

According to a statement by the Interior Ministry based on the thieves’ confessions, the first suspect was planning to transport the smuggled objects in his car, however, the area was raided, and the gang has been caught with the car, the excavation equipment, the pottery, and the 484 antiquities.

The statement said that “the Ministry of the Interior is working according to a strategy aimed at preserving the country's wealth and national heritage, by tightening the security control over the archaeological areas, and combating and controlling artifacts traders, and members carrying secret excavations violating the antiquities preservation law.”

At a five-meter-deep pit, the authorities also found some pottery fragments from the excavation work, as well as the tools used. They also discovered an ancient Greek-Roman city with many rock-carved tombs extending to about 2 km, 600 meters wide, with columns and a Greek Roman church with a niche, a pillar and a cross.


Science in Poland reports that archaeologist Maciej Grzelczyk of Jagiellonian University has found hundreds of ancient rock paintings spread out over more than 50 locations in Tanzania’s Swaga Swaga Game Reserve.

Grzelczyk said the paintings, made with red or white pigments, resemble those at Kondoa, a nearby UNESCO World Heritage Site. Many of them are so faded they can only be seen with special camera filters. “Red paintings are particularly varied: In addition to the images of animals, there are also meteors or comets,” Grzelczyk said.

Some of the images may be baobab trees. “Perhaps we are dealing with images related to mythology—according to the local beliefs, baobabs played an important role in the creation of mankind,” he explained. He added that the white paintings are thought to have been made more recently, yet were never placed over the earlier red images, perhaps as a sign of respect.

The white paintings often feature giraffes and elephants, and may have played a role in fertility rituals, since the animals are often shown pregnant or during delivery. To read about early hominin footprints found in Tanzania, go to “Proof in the Prints.”

The Heroic Age

Please consider submitting a proposal to my roundtable at the 54th International Congress on Medieval Studies titled "Playing the Past: Race, Gender, and Heroism in Gaming." This year's ICMS will be held on May 9-12, 2019 on the campus of Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. I attach my Call for Papers below.

Thank you so much, and I look forward to receiving your proposals.

Ali Frauman
PhD Candidate, the Department of Comparative Literature
Indiana University, Bloomington

  Playing the Past: Race, Gender, and Heroism in Gaming (A Roundtable)
Video and PC gaming have come to play a substantial role in popular consciousness in the 21st century and the medium itself offers a uniquely immersive experience unfathomable in other facets of popular culture. In virtual “medieval” and fantasy worlds, a player gets the chance to live the story rather than being a passive observer, and in MMORPGs like World of Warcraft, he or she can even relate to other players as that character, experiencing the world as priest or paladin existing in an expansive virtual space. However, the interactive nature of these games also raises important questions about how we conceptualize and create the past and the impact these imagined worlds can have on notions of the “medieval” for a non-academic audience.

 Often these games leave women behind in the role of damsels in distress, drawing from modern conceptions of “medieval” chivalric codes that do not make space for female adventurers and heroes. Moreover, race often refers to various humanoid creatures like trolls and goblins, and these fantasy “races” are often included in lieu of real racial and ethnic diversity on the grounds that fantasy creatures are somehow “more medieval.” When a developer chooses to include women or people of color in their “medieval” video game, alt-right gamer movements like Gamergate have resisted, claiming the game has become “ahistorical” by allowing anyone but white men into their pseudo-medieval fantasy. This roundtable will raise questions about how the past has been used in gaming to alienate non-white, non-male players, and the extent to which gaming developers have managed to resist medievalist tropes as held in popular consciousness.

 Each participant will give a 7-10-minute presentation, which will be followed by a roundtable discussion. Possible topics can include but are not limited to constructions of the past in video game medievalisms, problematic uses of race and gender in fantasy gaming, and the mobilization of faux medievalism against inclusivity by online movements like Gamergate. Please submit a 200 word abstract to Ali Frauman at by September 15th, 2018 and direct any questions to the same address. Thank you!

Archaeology Briefs


The artifacts show that our earliest human ancestors colonised East Asia over two million years ago. They were found by a Chinese team that was led by Professor Zhaoyu Zhu of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and included Professor Robin Dennell of Exeter University. The tools were discovered at a locality called Shangchen in the southern Chinese Loess Plateau. The oldest are ca. 2.12 million years old, and are c. 270,000 years older than the 1.85 million year old skeletal remains and stone tools from Dmanisi, Georgia, which were previously the earliest evidence of humanity outside Africa.

The artifacts include a notch, scrapers, cobble, hammer stones and pointed pieces. All show signs of use—the stone had been intentionally flaked. Most were made of quartzite and quartz that probably came from the foothills of the Qinling Mountains 5 to 10 km to the south of the site, and the streams flowing from them. Fragments of animal bones 2.12 million years old were also found.

The Chinese Loess Plateau covers about 270,000 square kilometres, and during the past 2.6m years between 100 and 300m of wind-blown dust—known as loess—has been deposited in the area.

Discovery of ancient tools in China suggests humans left Africa earlier than previously thought. The 80 stone artifacts were found predominantly in 11 different layers of fossil soils which developed in a warm and wet climate. A further 16 items were found in six layers of loess that developed under colder and drier conditions. These 17 different layers of loess and fossil soils were formed during a period spanning almost a million years. This shows that early types of humans occupied the Chinese Loess Plateau under different climatic conditions between 1.2 and 2.12 million years ago.

The layers containing these stone tools were dated by linking the magnetic properties of the layers to known and dated changes in the earth's magnetic field.

Read more at:

The Archaeology News Network

Old Theban port of Chalcis: A medieval maritime crossroads in Greece

Showcased in museums the world over, Byzantine ceramics are the vestiges of an ancient empire that dominated the Mediterranean region for nearly ten centuries. One CNRS researcher, in cooperation with Greek colleagues, has focused her attention on a widely disseminated style of ceramics called the “main Middle Byzantine Production,” found in all four corners of the Mediterranean. Its origins had remained a mystery until these...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

In Praise of Trucks

This is another draft of an essay for the North Dakota Quarterly blog and a case study for what happens when you have to clean up from a major thunderstorm while jet lagged. Comments, critiques, or ridicule welcome, as always!

I had been home from my summer field work for about 24 hours when I found myself in our yard, cleaning up branches from a major summer thunderstorm. For the next five or six days, I watched pick-up trucks full of fallen limbs, brush, and other debris transport their crumpled cargos to the local green-waste disposal site. I filled my 2003 Ford F-150 up with branches as well and hauled them out of my yard. In times like this, I appreciated the utility of the American half-ton pick-up truck and celebrated their ubiquity in my small town in North Dakota.

I recognize, of course, that this is not a popular position to have. Trucks are inefficient vehicles in the best of circumstances. The get miserable gas milage, their size and weight is unnecessary for grocery store runs, the daily commute, or finding parking in a crowded Starbucks, and their design language embodies a kind of hyper masculinity that puts brute strength before all subtlety in an increasingly complex world. Moreover, they’re not particular fun to drive, they don’t typically involve the latest and greatest in automotive technology, and they are designed around predictability and persistence. They’re boring and ubiquitous, and perhaps this accounts for widespread availability of parts and accessories to customize these vehicles. I can’t and won’t deny that my truck is boring, inefficient, and vulgar, but I do love it. 

I also appreciate the willingness of truck owners to take on part of the collective guilt in society in the name of a kind of situational utility. After a big storm, few would doubt the utility of the truck and value of local truck owners. When it comes time to move, pick up that big purchase at a local store, load up on mulch, buy wood for rebuilding a deck, or any of the other suburban, middle class chores that seem to never end, the neighbor’s truck becomes a community resource. When weather disasters attract national attention, there’s the ironic celebration of monster or lifted-truck owners who bring their absurd vehicles to the rescue of beleaguered suburbanites, who invariably drive lesser vehicles or hybrids. Truck drivers, in some ways, have become inverted scapegoats for their communities. They contribute during moments of particular need or crisis, but otherwise endure the criticism for their outsized and outmoded vehicles. 

As a university professor, in the humanities, at a state university, I’m pretty comfortable holding an position that is unpopular among a sizable part of the population (although probably the same part of the population who also own more than their share of trucks). In contrast to the noble truck, in the absence of crisis, humanities faculty are politely ignored and is, at worst, seen by critics as a harmless concession to tradition, and, at best, as a useful way to prepare students for the complexities of everyday life. During times of financial or ideological crisis, however, humanities faculty become the scapegoats for perceived problems in higher education or, more broadly, the profligacy of obsolete public institutions that peddle in useless factoids or convoluted theorizing of limited practical value.   

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Forthcoming Open Access Journal: The Bulletin of the Munich Open-Access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative

The Bulletin of the Munich Open-Access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative
This occasional open-access publication is intended to correct, supplement, and update information published by the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus (NATC) Project (directed by Simo Parpola; University of Helsinki), Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia (RIM) Project (directed by A. Kirk Grayson; University of Toronto), and Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) Project (directed by Grant Frame; University of Pennsylvania). Contributions to the Bulletin are primarily intended to highlight both important and minor differences between the freely accessible online version of a text hosted on the Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (Oracc) Project and its original publication.

The notes, the corrigenda and addenda, corrected reprints of published pages, and original studies published here will mainly serve as platform for the LMU-based Official Inscriptions of the Middle East in Antiquity (OIMEA) and Archival Texts of the of Middle East in Antiquity (ATMEA) Projects to disseminate relevant information about variety of ancient texts. BMOCCI is not intended to only include material written by the OIMEA and ATMEA staff. Scholars and students interested in contributing a note or article on official inscriptions and archival texts are encouraged to submit a contribution.

ArcheoNet BE

‘Recent archeologisch onderzoek in Vlaams-Brabant’ zoekt bijdragen

Ook dit jaar plant de provincie Vlaams-Brabant een brochure met verslagen van recent archeologisch onderzoek. Voerde jij of een collega/medewerker in de laatste twee jaar opgravingen of prospectie uit in Vlaams-Brabant, verwerkte je een opgravingscontext of voerde je regionaal archeologisch onderzoek? Dan kun je een stukje publiceren over de eerste of definitieve resultaten.

Praktische info
*deadline indienen ontwerpteksten : uiterlijk maandag 1 oktober 2018
*eindredactie en feedback over de teksten tussen 1 en 8 oktober
*definitieve versie tegen 10 oktober naar lay-out
*doel: bekendmaken welk onderzoek er recent gebeurde, wat de algemene resultaten zijn, wie het onderzoek voerde en eventueel waar meer informatie te vinden is
*lengte: halve bladzijde tot 3 bladzijden + maximaal 4 foto’s of plannetjes (in een apart bestandsformaat). Geen voetnoten.
*lezers: geïnteresseerden in archeologie (zie voorbeeld 2017 – pdf), archeologen en niet-archeologen

Interesse? neem contact op met Hadewijch Degryse

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

International Experts Refute 'Alien' Mummy Analysis, Question Ethics And Legality

The recent research on a 6-inch mummy from Chile is highly problematic according to an international team of experts.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Faith in God without Fear of Science

I thought I would share the text of a response I gave to a question on Facebook about what led me to abandon young earth creationism, for those who may be interested: In my case, it was actually my eagerness to read more on the topic that led me to happen across a book called […]

Jim Davila (

Climbing Masada in July

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Moschos the Ioudaios and his dream

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Review of Halbertal and Holmes, The Beginning of Politics

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Gad and Reuben, P and E, in the Transjordan

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2018.07.18: The Myth of Hero and Leander: The History and Reception of an Enduring Greek Legend. Library of Classical Studies, 19

Review of Silvia Montiglio, The Myth of Hero and Leander: The History and Reception of an Enduring Greek Legend. Library of Classical Studies, 19. London; New York: 2018. Pp. x, 284. $110.00. ISBN 9781784539566.

Per Lineam Valli

The Roman Army A to Z: horologium

horologium (n. pl. horologia)

A timepiece. Pliny, NH 7.60; CIL XIII, 7800. See also clepsydra [Johnson 1983]

The Roman Army A to Z: horologiarius

horologiarius (m. pl. horologiarii)

The keeper of the horologium. CIL III, 1070. [Goldsworthy 2003]

The Roman Army A to Z: honori aquilae

honori aquilae (Phr.)

Literally ‘for the honour of the eagle’. This was a phrase marking the ‘birthday of the eagle’ and thus the foundation of the legion. CIL XIII, 6690; 6752. See also aquila and natalis aquilae [Goldsworthy 2003]

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Is UNESCO World Heritage recognition a blessing or burden? Evidence from developing Asian countries

via The Conversation, 11 July 2018: a piece by Josephine Caust With colleague Dr Mariana Vecco, I recently published a research article about these issues. Some of our recommendations for vulnerable sites include: introducing control of visitor numbers as a matter of urgency tighter planning controls on adjacent development querying the use of sites for any tourist … Continue reading "Is UNESCO World Heritage recognition a blessing or burden? Evidence from developing Asian countries"

Archaeology Magazine

Possible Norman Cemetery Excavated in Sicily

Sicily medieval cemeteryWROCLAW, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that researchers led by Sławomir Moździoch of the Polish Academy of Sciences have discovered a medieval cemetery in Sicily, near the ruins of the church of San Michele del Golfo. After examining the bones from ten of the graves, the researchers were able to classify just five of the dead as three women and two children. The size and build of the bones suggests they may have been Normans from northern France, who conquered the island in addition to parts of southern Italy. “In the second half of the eleventh century, the island was recaptured from the Arabs by a Norman nobleman, Roger de Hauteville,” Moździoch explained. The church, which resembles those found in Western Europe, is also thought to have been built at this time, at a strategic location on a hill. Coins minted in Champagne and Lucca have been discovered within it. To read about the skeleton of a warrior recently discovered in northern Italy, go to “Late Antique TLC.”

Bits of Ancient Bread Unearthed in Jordan

hunter gatherer breadCOPENHAGEN, DENMARK—The Guardian reports that archaeologist Amaia Arranz-Otaegui of the University of Copenhagen and colleagues have found charred crumbs of bread baked 14,000 years ago by Natufian hunter-gatherers living in northeast Jordan. It had been previously believed that bread was first produced by early farmers. Among the more than 600 charred, bread-like lumps found in a fireplace, the excavation uncovered small tubers from a wetland plant, legumes, wild wheat and barley, and plants belonging to the cabbage family. Analysis of some of the lumps suggest they were made from barley, einkorn wheat or oats, and sometimes other plants. The flour used to make them may have even be sieved. The dough is thought to have been baked in the fire’s ashes, or on a hot stone, to produce an unleavened flat bread. Team member Tobias Richter said such a bread would have been very labor intensive to produce, and so was probably not a staple in the Natufian diet. This bread may have been consumed as part of a large feast or ritual event—since the fireplace also contained the bones of gazelles, water birds, and hares—or may have been prepared as provisions for a journey. To read about another recent discovery in Jordan, go to “Desert Life.”

Fishing May Have Driven Use of Pottery in Ancient Japan

Japan pottery fishingYORK, ENGLAND—According to a report in Cosmos Magazine, archaeologist Alex Lucquin of the University of York and colleagues analyzed residues obtained from more than 800 ancient pots recovered from more than 46 sites in Japan, and found traces of seafood in all of the samples—even on the pots found inland. It had been thought that the expansion of forests in southern Japan after the last Ice Age would have shifted people’s diets towards foods obtained from hunting and gathering on land. Instead, it appears that people developed more intensive fishing strategies. The scientists were even able to determine the type of seafood from the charred, fatty deposits. Salmon was the most common fish detected in the oldest pots, which date back about 11,000 years. Other marine and freshwater fish, molluscs, and marine animals were processed and stored in the pots more frequently as the climate warmed. For more, go to “Japan’s Early Anglers.”

July 17, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

RAI64 workshop resources

RAI64 workshop resources
This post links to the online resources used in Eleanor's part of the Oracc workshop at RAI64 in Innsbruck, 18 July 2018.
  1. New Easy Oracc (NEO)
  2. Nammu text-editor
  3. Virtual Oracc projects for teaching

Calenda: Histoire romaine

Des tombeaux et des dieux

L’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres organise la XXIXe édition du colloque de la villa grecque Kérylos les 12 et 13 octobre 2018, dont la thématique est la suivante : « Des tombeaux et des dieux ». Les chercheurs invités présenteront leurs derniers travaux dans le domaine de l’étude et de la représentation des rites funéraires, depuis l’époque de l’Antiquité classique jusqu’au Moyen Âge, avec des incursions dans les cultures de l’Asie Centrale et de l’Amérique préhispanique

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Call for Papers: Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia

Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia
July 17th, 2018 by Gabriel Bodard

Forwarded for Annamária Pázsint:
We are pleased to announce the call for papers for the following number of the journal Studia UBB Digitalia, which will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history and archaeology.
Please find below details regarding the publication:
Studia UBB Digitalia (ISSN 2559-6721) is the official journal of the Transylvania Digital Humanities Center – DigiHUBB (Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania). It is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly publication, indexed in CEEOL and dealing with subjects of general interest in the field of digital humanities.
Its following number (4/2018) will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history & archaeology, with a special focus on projects and initiatives pertaining to these fields. The subjects can include, but are not limited to, digital approaches to geo-visualization, non-invasive archaeological prospections, markup, scholarly annotation, photogrammetry, databases, etc.
The call in open to all scientists of the field, but we strongly encourage submissions from career researchers.
The deadline for submissions is November 1st 2018 and for the Authors Guidelines, please see the dedicated page on the journal’s website. For additional questions on this number of Studia UBB Digitalia, please contact dr. Rada Varga (

Alexandra Trachsel (Travelling with Demetrios of Skepsis)

11th Celtic Conference in Classics

I just spent a few marvellous days in St. Andrews at the 11th Celtic Conference in Classics. Now, as I am on my way back, I would like to take the time to sum up my impressions.


My paper belonged to the panel on mythography that had as its title Mythography not Mythology: commentaries and boundaries. We touched on an amazingly wide range of topics that came from a broad chronological framework. The panel was roughly divided into four thematic blocks.

The first block contained a variety of papers that focused on case studies and examples from Greek texts. In this context, we began with papers that gave us insight into the commenting tradition and its link to and/or usage of mythography.

  • In my paper (Mythography: Commenting on Homer or Collecting Mythological Stories? Apollo Smintheus as a Case Study), I tried to show how the complex nexus of comments about one special passage from Homer (Chryses’ prayer in book 1 of the Iliad) was transmitted, alluded to and reworked from Strabo to Aelianus.
  • We also examined in the second talk (Pelops in Lesbos: Analysis of the Scholion to Iliad 1.38 and Hamburg Papyrus 199 (Mythographus Homericus)) to what extend comments preserved in a very indirect way, for instance reworked in the scholia to the Iliad or preserved in papyrological fragments can provide information about non-standard versions of a myth. Our example here was a Lesbian version about the hero Cillus, who was the charioteer of Pelops. This version, linked to the topography of the Troad, must have developed in answer to a panhellenic version that was linked to Olympia.
  • The commenting tradition on Pindar’s poems was also the topic of the next paper (Erginus, Protogeneia and Cycnus: Three Mythographical Narratives in the Scholia to Pindar). From several examples we could see how diversified the commenting tradition was, as each of the examples showed the many different ways, in which one line or expression in Pindar’s text could be explained. The focus could be on paraphrasing Pindar’s text in simpler terms. This could be done with a more or less direct link to the primary texts. Parts of the comment could also be composed by more or less independent phrases, where the scholar shows his skills and knowledge by providing additional information.
    • In these two papers we got the newest insights into the state of affair about the mysterious but fascinating Mythographus Homericus.

A second block was created by papers that were not primarily focusing on commenting but on other literary activities linked to mythography.

  • A very interesting perspective was given by the analysis of a papyrus with a collection of anecdotes with either mythographical or ethnographical contents (Challenging the Borders between Mythography and Historiography in the Papyrus P.Oxy. II 218). It was especially tantalizing to see how one can work on a text, for which the author remains unknown. Nonetheless, we can observe his deep understanding of several traditions that he could associate freely and blur for us the boundaries between mythography, ethnography and paradoxography.
  • In a further paper (Diodorus’ Authorial Mythography) we also looked at Diodorus and how he shaped the mythological accounts, while transmitting them, for his own literary and political agenda. At the end of the paper, we were presented with a witty observer of his time, who felt the great changes the Augustan age brought and acknowledged it in his careful selection and composition principles.
  • The focus on the author at work was also dealt with by the paper on Ps-Apollodorus (Cohérence et diachronie dans la Bibliothèque du Pseudo-Apollodore). Similarly to what can be observed in Diodorus, it is worth investigating the voice of the author in Apollodorus’ Library. He is a mind that worked independently from his sources and reworked and selected information from their texts according to his own convictions, and literary principles. If we do pay attention to this, besides the study of Apollodorus’ sources, we may gain access to other more submerged version of a given narrative.
  • When speaking about a tradition, to which people can allude or which can be played with, we have also to investigate how this form of knowledge was learned and how widespread it was. This question was raised by the talk on the evidence from school texts (Learning (through) Mythography). We saw through these fascinating scraps of papyri how mythography was also part of the class room, either on the teachers’ or on the pupils’ side.
  • How widely mythological lore was know and how fully it belonged to ancient culture was demonstrated by the paper on paroemiographical texts (Between Myth and Exegesis: Mythography in the Paroemiographical Tradition). We were told how in Zenobius’ collection, some sequences of the explanations, given for proverbs that have their roots in mythology, can be seen as witnesses about previous mythographers such as for instance Hellanicus.

A third block was dedicated to the Latin mythographer Hyginus and contained a fascinating group of papers on Hyginus. Although the text is transmitted in a very problematic way, the colleagues who study this text showed us how much we can still gain from it about the author behind it.

  • We had a very convincing paper on the arrangement of the anecdotes, in which I was particularly interest because of my own interest in the question of arrangement/ordering of collections (Le (deuxième) cycle thébain d’Hygin: étude de l’organisation narrative des fables 66 à 76).
  • We also focused on the sources of Hyginus, either Greek or Latin (Commenting on Hyginus). The case studies from this joint-paper were taken from tragedies, and I found it particularly enriching to have an outlook on Latin tragedies, which is very seldom done.
  • We also dealt with some thoughts about how the anecdotes are composed and that the way they narrate the storis is focusing on the heroes themselves, rather than on the story, the setting or the gods (Condensing Mythological Material: What Does Mythology Mean in the Pseudo-Hyginus Epitome Called Fabulae?).
  • We saw in the last paper (Lycurgus in fabula. The Eventful Afterlife of Greco-Roman Drama in Hyginus) how this could be done, as the paper focused on a case study dedicated to Lycurgus. This paper also reminded us of the visual sources that authors had at their disposal and which contributed to the tradition, from which they could take their inspirations.

A last block was opening up our perspective and focused on examples from far beyond Antiquity.

  • One of them focused on the reception of Palaephatus and his way of reinterpreting and rewriting myths. It was in the Renaissance and especially through Spanish scholars that Palaephatus went as far as Mexico in the form of visual representations of Centaurs (Le voyage de Palaephate de la Grèce au Mexique: les routes et chemins de la réception).
  • We also saw how puzzled the first modern editors and collectors of mythography were when dealing with the texts that were at the centre of our panel (Les Opuscula mythologica de Thomas Gale (1671-1688): stabilité et variabilité du corpus mythographique ancien). Here too, I found the paper very suggestive, as it focused on collecting, however from a completely different angle. So it allowed us to think further on this literary activity and the modification it underwent during the ages.

Many thank to all – especially to the two organisers – for this panel!


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies Online

Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies Online
ISBN: 978-960-9480-35-2
The 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies (12th ICCS) was held in Heraklion from 21 to 25 September 2016 and organised by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies. The Congress was divided into three parallel sections corresponding to Antiquity, the Medieval period and the Modern period, along the thematic axis of mobility of people, ideas, and goods, to, from and within the island of Crete. A total of 319 original presentations were made by Greek and foreign scholars specialising in a variety of disciplines. The languages of the Congress are Greek, English, French, German and Italian. 

The online publication of the Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies is organised by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies with the generous support of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation. The papers will be uploaded gradually within four months of their submission, following a review, editing and formatting process. The publication is expected to be completed by mid-2018. 

Since its establishment by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies (SCHS) in 1961, the International Congress of Cretan Studies has been held every five years in the capital of each of the four Prefectures of Crete in turn. The International Congresses of Cretan Studies has been a platform for important presentations on archaeology, history, literature, ethnology, linguistics and other fields and their Proceedings continue to play a vital role in the study of Cretan history and culture.

The Archaeology News Network

Chalcolithic and Bronze Age finds at Makounta Voules excavations in Cyprus

The Cyprus Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works, has announced the conclusion of the 2018 archaeological mission at Makounta-Voules, under the direction of Dr. Kathryn Grossman (North Carolina University), in collaboration with Dr. Tate Paulette (North Carolina University), Dr. Lisa Graham (University of Edinburgh) and Dr. Andrew McCarthy (University of Edinburgh). Excavation of a Late...

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Penn Museum Blog

Great Ape Explorations in Washington, DC

A. Kralick examining orangutan bones in the Smithsonian NMNH’s mammals collection. Photo by Janet Monge.

In curly browned script, on paper flaking in my hands, the inscription next to the specimen number read, “the leg and jaw were broken by fall from trees when shot. Had a young one with her.” Putting down W. L. Abott’s 1907 record book, I ran to the post-crania room and pulled out her bones. Sure enough, the tibia and fibula were cleanly broken. In the crania room, her mandible was cracked. There were holes in the preserved skin where the bones would have stuck out of the skin upon falling. This poor female orangutan suffered a painful death as a result of the endeavors of W. L. Abott. Yet, this man’s cruelty, and that of men like him who killed and sent back animals to museums in the name of science, resulted in most of the orangutans in collections today, and allows for work that would not otherwise be possible. While we originally entered the collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) this summer to pull out the orangutan skins, skulls, and skeletons, to understand the ways in which the patterns of orangutan growth and development differ from that of humans, we ended up humanizing them in the process.

Lots of great ape skeletal research looks at one body part exclusively, so the skulls are kept in a completely different room from the rest of the body. While this usually makes research easier, it has resulted in many failing to notice how all the parts of the body grow and develop in comparison to one another. Orangutan males can vary widely in their skeletal development in interesting ways. Further, orangutans, like chimpanzees, finish fusing their bones after they have already completed developing their teeth. This differs from humans, who generally complete dental and skeletal growth around the same age.

Not only did Janet Monge and I take an integrative approach to the secondary sexual characteristics on the skin and the growth and development of the dentition and skeleton, but we met with Dr. Meredith Bastian, Curator of Primates from the National Zoo and a former student of Dr. Monge, discuss orangutans at the July 4th parade at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival and took a behind-the-scenes tour of the primates at the National Zoo.

These magnificently intelligent creatures could respond to her request to show her their toes, bellies, and make specific gestures. They uniquely responded to our presence, some with excitement, one with frustration at the lack of more attention–expressed with a swift stream of water squirted directly at Dr. Monge! These living orangutans reminded us of the incredible capacity of the creatures we were studying. We cannot do science on one part of the body in isolation, nor can we interpret an animal without regard to the life that it led.

As a note, these living creatures in the wild are headed towards extinction because of deforestation, mostly for the production of palm oil, which ends up in all sorts of products, from packaged foods to hair products. You can help prevent the extinction of these brilliant creatures and allow for future scientific research into the mysteries of their growth and development by purchasing products with sustainable palm oil (learn more and search your favorite companies here).

While modern industry is leading to the deaths of orangutans, early 20th century scientists brutally killed numerous creatures in the pursuit of scientific information. While these collection techniques were terribly sad, they often resulted in all we have in museums to learn about the anatomy of great apes, other than recent captive donations or the rare field collection. The female who fell from a tree, and many orangutans like her, did not die in vain. Their bodies can help us uncover the secrets to the evolution of a species rapidly heading towards extinction.

A Kralick examining orangutan bones in the Smithsonian NMNH’s mammals collection. Photo by Janet Monge.

J. Monge and A Kralick in front of an orangutan at the National Zoo. Photo by M. Bastian.
A. Kralick, M. Bastian (Curator of Primates at the National Zoo), and J. Monge. Photo by author.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The very words in which Constantine ordered the bible to be assembled? The strange, odd Oahspe hoax.

On Twitter today I came across some really rather unusual claims about Christian history.  These were advanced with the usual utter certainty that every crank seems to possess.  The author of these pronounced:

This is what emperor Constantine said during the council of nicaea…

“28/48.31.  Search these books, and whatever is good in them, retain: but whatever is evil, cast away.  What is good in one book, unite with that which is good in another book.  And whatever is thus brought together shall be called, THE BOOK OF BOOKS.1181  And it shall be the doctrine of my people, which I will recommend to all nations, so that there shall be no more war for religion’s sake.”

The tweeter employed the dubious practice of “quoting” but not referencing, so of course we don’t know from where he got this.  An enquiry was met with impudence.  As is so often the case with really wild claims, the tweeter appeared to have some personal integrity issues.

Of course Constantine said nothing of the kind, as I hope we all know.  This is purely fiction.  But … where from?

I quickly discovered a possible source: In His Name vol. 4, Trafford Publishing, 2014, by E. Christopher Reyes, whose interminable litany of factual errors, combined with no little spite, included this on p.273.  The reference given was “God’s book of Eskra” (?) op. cit., chapter 48, paragraph 31.

But according to this website all this material was to be found in an article by the renegade church minister Tony Bushby in Nexus magazine in 2007.  This indicated that “God’s book of Eskra” was “God’s Book of Eskra, Prof. S. L. MacGuire’s translation, Salisbury, 1922”.  Bushby went on to produce a book, The Bible Fraud, and you can’t argue with the title. He seems to have faded from view since.

A little investigation revealed that this “Book of Eskra” is a 19th century modern apocryphon called Oahspe: a new bible.  In fact I have written about Bushby and this very work here, with a link to chapter 48 of this fake text here.

Clearly the tweeter was quoting some version or other of the Oahspe fake, although indirectly.

It’s permissible to wonder what kind of person fills his head with nonsense of this kind in these days, when the raw data is ever so accessible.  Poor souls.

Penn Museum Blog

Language Expertise Is Not a Bounded Experience

The University of Pennsylvania has established a partnership with the Caste War Museum in Tihosuco, a Mayan community in Quintana Roo, Mexico, which has been materialized as the Tihosuco Heritage and Preservation Community Project. As an originally conceived public archaeology endeavor, this project has responded to the needs of the community by bringing expertise and resources that could benefit from the partnership. As one of the “language experts” in the project, I have especially and emphatically challenged my imposed position of expertise, and conceived my collaboration with the community as a bottom-up effort where we are constantly re-negotiating the leverage of power and expertise through participation, communication, and dialogue between my research agenda and the needs of the Caste War Museum.

During the last 3 years, in collaboration with the cultural promoters of the Caste War Museum, we have been designing different learning experiences and materials that range from summer workshops for children ages 3 to 14, a trilingual approach to the museum (Maya, Spanish, and English), as well as designing bilingual comic books based on the lives of the Caste War leaders. During all these activities, our discussions, besides having a clear aim of finishing the materials, revolve on what time, timelines, and deadlines mean as we complete our tasks, as well as how “language expertise” is constructed through dictionaries, the role of academic credentials, and the process of aging.

Bety and the author proofreading the last version of the comic book. Photo by Alonso (Tihosuco’s high school student).
Caste War Museum’s cultural promoters working on 2017’s comic book. Photo by Aldo Anzures Tapia.

In other words, we have explored some ideas about language expertise, such as how dictionaries are supposedly right in the way they show the meaning of words; how a credential, such as an undergraduate degree in linguistics can “give knowledge” to people in regards to how languages work; as well as how, as you become older, you “know more” about the language. We have questioned these assumptions in order to give strength to ourselves, and believe that we are all language experts even if (1) we have not created a dictionary or know all the words that come in one; (2) we do not have a degree in Mayan linguistics or linguistics at all, or (3) we are not abuelitos (elders). We have embraced these ideas, many times difficult and challenging, just as we have embraced some of the most-beloved pieces in the Museum.

Hugs and laughs with our old friend in the Museum. Photo by Aldo Anzures Tapia.

For example, after three years working on Maya-Spanish bilingual comic books, we are becoming risk-takers in our understandings and actions of how languages are not bounded in our speech and writing. Thus, our literacy products, such as the comic books, started, for the first time, to show how languages could be mixed. Therefore, this year, as we were finishing the comic book on Manuel Antonio Ay, the Caste War’s first martyr, we realized that we were showing the struggle of the Caste War, but not the clash of languages in our writing, the frustrations in the process of our writing, or the struggle that Manuel Antonio might have had as he was questioned by the government, or the ways he could have used his languages to rebel against the government.  Hence, we decided to mix languages (a process that in some academic circles has been conceived as translanguaging); an action that we still do not know if our readers will like (or will agree with), but that we, as authors, are happy with, since it reflects the ways we see Maya and Spanish speakers and languages.

Snapshots of the boxes where we started to “mix” languages for the first time; not necessarily respecting the Maya or Spanish version of the comic, but the nature of how we thought Manuel Antonio was questioned by the Mexican government in the 19th century. Photo by Aldo Anzures Tapia.

We made a huge step in our understanding of languages as roads that intermingle in our lives and could not be separated. Although now we just assigned one language to one person, we know that the challenge for next year is to write the comic book in a way, where one character can use both languages at the same time, just as we do it in our daily practices. These insights in our collaborative process have been very rich and thoughtful; and it has allowed us to become language experts and play with our languages as we draw, think, modify, discuss, and laugh as we work in OUR comic books.

The Caste War Museum’s director collaborating with the cultural promoters on the final versions of the comic. Photo by Aldo Anzures Tapia.

Our collaboration and friendship has grown as our understandings on the challenges of reclaiming Maya in the town and opening spaces for it have expanded too. Hopefully by next year, we can realize some of our translanguaging dreams as we develop the fourth volume on the Caste War–a version that will talk about the war overall, instead of its main protagonists.

The Archaeology News Network

Roman coins discovered at Apsaros in Georgia

Bronze and silver Roman coins have been discovered by a Polish-Georgian team of archaeologists conducting excavations in the Roman fort of Apsaros Georgia. According to the discoverers, this could be a small part of a larger treasure. The coins were discovered by a Polish-Georgian team of archaeologists conducting excavations in Apsaros [Credit: fb/Gonio - Apsaros Fortress]The oldest coins in the find were minted during the reign of...

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Archaeologists find remains of 'ancient church' on banks of Tiber in Rome

Archaeologists have been left at a loss by the discovery of some mysterious ruins in Rome, which could be the remains of one of the city's earliest churches. Credit: Francesco Fotia/AGFThe find was made at Ponte Milvio, a bridge along the River Tiber in the northern part of the city. And it came about completely by chance while electrical technicians, who were laying cables along the site, uncovered remains of buildings dating back to...

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Research on British teeth unlocks potential for new insights into ancient diets

Researchers analysing the teeth of Britons from the Iron Age to the modern day have unlocked the potential for using proteins in tooth tartar to reveal what our ancestors ate. Skeleton sampled for the study, dating to the post-medieval period in Britain. The analysis suggests the Victorians were partial to a bowl of porridge, while in modern diets potatoes, soybeans and peanuts are flavour of the day [Credit: Camilla Speller,...

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AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Mapping Islamophobia – Visualizing Islamophobia and Its Effects

Mapping Islamophobia – Visualizing Islamophobia and Its Effects

"Mapping Islamophobia is a project headed by Grinnell College history and religious studies professor Caleb Elfenbein, with contributions from a number of Grinnell College students and technical support from Mike Conner. The project utilizes a series of powerful interactive maps that document incidents of violence, discrimination, and bias targeting Muslim individuals and communities in the United States. One such map, along with an accompanying interactive timeline, allows visitors to view the prevalence of Islamophobia between the years 2011 and 2018. In addition, these maps allow visitors to investigate Islamophobic incidents by incident type (including legislation, public campaigns, and crimes against people) and the gender of the targeted individual. The team behind Mapping Islamophobia collected information about these incidents from a variety of "media outlets with clear editorial oversight." By selecting individual pins on these maps, visitors can learn more about specific incidents and news sources. The Mapping Islamophobia project also contains Countering Islamophobia, an interactive map that documents "how American Muslim communities have responded to the increasing presence of anti-Muslim hostility in American public life over time." This map highlights community outreach activities, interfaith initiatives, and more."
[Description from Scout Report]

The Archaeology News Network

Lessons from a real Atlantis

Traces of long-forgotten human settlements claimed by the sea thousands of years ago are being uncovered by researchers along the coastlines of Europe. Before it was lost to the bottom of sea, Doggerland was made up of woodland, meadows, marshes and rivers, as shown by simulations [Credit: Philip Murgatroyd]The discoveries, both on land and underwater, are helping to fill in some of the blanks about Europe’s prehistory and are...

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The Stoa Consortium

Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia

Forwarded for Annamária Pázsint:

We are pleased to announce the call for papers for the following number of the journal Studia UBB Digitalia, which will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history and archaeology.

Please find below details regarding the publication:

Studia UBB Digitalia (ISSN 2559-6721) is the official journal of the Transylvania Digital Humanities Center – DigiHUBB (Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania). It is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly publication, indexed in CEEOL and dealing with subjects of general interest in the field of digital humanities.

Its following number (4/2018) will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history & archaeology, with a special focus on projects and initiatives pertaining to these fields. The subjects can include, but are not limited to, digital approaches to geo-visualization, non-invasive archaeological prospections, markup, scholarly annotation, photogrammetry, databases, etc.

The call in open to all scientists of the field, but we strongly encourage submissions from career researchers.

The deadline for submissions is November 1st 2018 and for the Authors Guidelines, please see the dedicated page on the journal’s website. For additional questions on this number of Studia UBB Digitalia, please contact dr. Rada Varga (

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Lucerna Newsletters

Lucerna Newsletters
Current and recent print editions of Lucerna are available solely to members of the Roman Finds Group. Published twice-yearly, this newsletter is now past its 50th edition.

Lucerna contains all that this website does, and even more: articles submitted by members, recently-discovered artefacts, appeals for help with identification, as well as information on all the page headings above, in greater detail, such as summaries of study days and conferences, book reviews and forthcoming events.

Contributions are always welcome - short notes or longer articles - so please send them to our editor Matt Fittock (see 'RFG Committee' page), and share your knowledge, information and requests with the rest of the Roman Finds Group.

Older editions of Lucerna are available to download free of charge below. More recent editions of Lucerna, along with all RFG Datasheets, can be accessed via our 'members login' area, at the bottom of this page.

(Please note that contact details of current committee members should be taken from our 'RFG Committee' page above, not from these archive Lucernae.)
Glynn J.C. Davis
Bone Spatulate Strips From Roman London
Tatiana Ivleva
Ongoing Research:
Global Glass Adornments Event Horizon in the
Late Iron Age and Roman Period Frontiers
(100 BC - AD 250)

Ben Paites
The Manufacture and Symbolism of Radiating
Designs on Brooches in Roman Britain

John Pearce, Sally Worrell and Frank Basford
Mars, Roma or Love. Actually?
A New Monogram Brooch from Britain

Philip Smither
Ongoing Research:
Romano-British Weighing Instruments

Humphreys, 0wen and Marshall, Michael
“The same, but different”: a miscellany of ‘Bügelzangen’ and related objects from Roman London
K. Adams, D. Boughton, A. Byard, R. Griffiths, M. Phelps, D. Williams, J. Pearce and S. Worrell
From figurines to fob-danglers: finds from PAS
Barbara Birley,
Keeping up appearances: the wooden hair combs from Vindolanda
Gill Dunn
Recent finds from Chester focusing on finds from the amphitheatre
Nicholas Ford
Greep, Stephen and Marshall, Michael
Brigantian immigrants to Londinium? New finds of perforated bone ‘spoons’
Worrell, Sally
Mystery objects (bronze ?vessel fragment with relief, gilded disc brooch, and ithyphallic figurines)
Dobson, Rebecca
Ritual or refuse? A summary of an artefact assemblage from the river Tees, Piercebridge
Lydamore, Chris with Hall, Jenny and Jackson, Ralph
Nodge Nolan obituary
Greep, Stephen
Red deer at the end of Roman Britain- a change in diet, hunting practices or new industrial processes?
 Wardle, Angela and Marshall, Michael
  Two obsidian objects from Roman London (probably handles)
Worrell, Sally and Pearce, John
A selection of Roman artefacts recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme in 2012
Greep, Stephen
Some more fishes? (bone fish pendants)
Bowsher, Julian and Marshall, Michael
A first glance at two prehistoric objects from Roman London
Cool, Hilary; Briggs, Stephen; Irving, Pam; Ward, Margaret; Henig, Martin
Glenys Lloyd-Morgan: an appreciation; the life; the young archaeologist; Glenys at Chester; Glenys and Venus
Crummy, Nina
Glenys Lloyd-Morgan: a bibliography
Swift, Ellen
An Iron Age helmet from Kent
Henig, Martin
The Silchester eagle: a comment
Durham, Emma
The Silchester eagle
Greep, Stephen
Five little fishes…or more? (bone fish pendants)
Mackreth, Donald
Dragonesque brooches (list including PAS items)
de Jersey, Philip
Jersey: a new coin hoard (iron age coins)
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
Mystery object
Friendship-Taylor, Roy and Greep, Stephen
A Claudian pit-group of bone hinges and box fittings from a ‘military’ latrine pit beneath the Piddington phase 1b proto-villa
Mackreth, Donald
Brooches needing a home (plea from specialist who wants to return finds to excavators)
Statton, Michelle
A follow-up on the AHRC collaborative doctoral awards, with an introduction to a study on dress, adornment and identity in late Iron Age and Roman Britain
Aggujaro, Angela
Roman razor from Bishop’s Cleeve, Cheltenham
Ferris, Iain
Images of disabled and Africans/black people (plea for information)
Dearne, Martin
A flagon lid from Enfield and a note on the type
Feugère, Michel
The Artefacts Project: an encyclopaedia of archaeological small finds
McIntosh, Frances
Wirral brooch: a regional variant of Roman bow brooch
Sherlock, David
Towards a typology of Romano-British spoons
Reynolds, Julie
A puzzling object from South Wales- any clues gratefully received (unusual pair of tweezers)
Payne, Naomi and Durham, Emma
The little horse from Chalk Pit Field, Sedgeford, Norfolk.
McIntosh, Frances
Brooch patterns? (lead trumpet brooch)
Daubney, Adam
Romano-British ‘ToT’ rings- some variations
Crummy, Nina
Evidence for an Isis cult in Colchester
Timby, Jane and Rigby, Val
Gallo-Belgic pottery database
Hobbs, Richard
British Museum collections now just one click away
Friendship Taylor, Roy (with Feugère, Michel)
Mystery object identified (as Etruscan strainer) (see Lucerna 35)
O’Riordan, Emma Jane
Small finds in the bigger picture: 3D scanning of archaeological objects for education and interpretation
Henig, Martin
A valedictory forbidding mourning (retrospective on his career as a small finds expert)
Dearne, Martin
A little poser from Enfield (possible Roman horse harness mount)
Dawson, Alan
‘Minerva’ wax spatula handle from near Norwich
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
Mystery object
Williams, Sandie
Plea for bells
Scott, Wendy
Possible temple site in Leicestershire
Webb, Dave
A patera/trulleum from Clay Farm, Cambridgeshire. Notes from ongoing research and the development of an online resource
Lydamore, Chris
A bath saucer from near Harlow, Essex
Lydamore, Chris
A possible method of producing barbed projectile heads in the late Roman period
Mould, Quita
A double-headed button and loop fastener from Reighton, North Yorkshire
Shaffrey, Ruth
The puddingstone rotary querns from Springhead Roman town, Kent
Kiernan, Philip
The Roman model objects project
Hobbs, Richard
Unusual silver spoon fragment
Crummy, Nina
A jug handle from Silchester
Schuster, Jorn et al
A late 5th – 6th century context (for a brooch) from Springhead, Kent
Jackson, Ralph
Unusual greyhound brooch
Hill, JD & Crummy, Nina
Late Iron-Age shears from Hertfordshire
Pooley, Laura
A gilded bone hairoin from Colchester
Puls, Jodi
Roman hairpins from Hampshire
Watters, Julian
Figurine of Harpcrates
Hobbs, Richard
Unusual Roman ‘test piece’
Williams, Sandie
Two bone stoppers from Silchester
Jackson, Ralph
An enamelled bronze pan from Staffordshire Moorlands, England: a souvenir from Hadrian’s Wall
Palmer, John
Catalogue of Roman Purbeck mortars
Major, Hilary
A pincer-type brooch from Southwark
Booth, Paul
Late Roman spurs from Lankhills, Winchester
Crummy, Nina
An unusual lamp from Colchester
Reece, Richard
The new Corinium Museum
Williams, Sandie
Tubular ferrules
Cool, Hilary
Brooches and moulds from Dymock
Jackson, Ralph
An unusual weapon find from Roman Britain
Wallace, Colin
(Portable) pine cone symbolism in Roman Britain
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
A new pair of Agathangelus type tweezers from Piddington Roman villa
Eckardt, Hella & Crummy, Nina
Presenting the body – toilet instruments in Roman Britain
Tracey, Justine
Purbeck marble inscriptions in Silchester
Minter, Faye
Strap fasteners from Suffolk
Worrell, Sally
Some new late Roman rivet spurs
Crummy, Nina
Using the Portable Antiquities Scheme data for research (using nail cleaners as a source)
Major, Hilary
The dating of Puddingstone querns
Bolton, Angie
Ox-head bucket mounts – a plea for details
Cool, Hilary
A soldier from Herculaneum
Hoffman, Birgitta
A brief note on the end date of the Cipius Polybius skillets
Herepath, Nick
A survey of Roman brooches from Cheshire
Herepath, Nick
‘Jelly baby’ mounts from Yorkshire
Crummy, Nina
And there’s more (wax  spatula handles)
Tongue, James
Seal boxes from Britain – a morphological review
Jackson, Ralph
A new treasure and a new goddess for Roman Britain
Crummy, Nina
Hunter-god handle from Yorkshire
McSloy, Ed
A zoomorphic clasp-knife handle from Gloucester
Cambridge, Owen & Watt, Tommy
The northernmost Roman brooch from Britain
Feugere, Michel
Penknives from Newstead: writing accessories
Hobbs, Richard
New iron Age site from East Leicestershire
Pugsley, Paola
Pasta shapes
Croom, Alex
Sexing brooches
Eckardt, Hella & Hobbs, Richard
An unusual decorated candlestick from Springhead, Kent
Robinson, Dan & Clarke, Vanessa
Possible temple inscription found in Chester
Grew, Francis & Brown, Gary
Londiniensium – cast in stone
Snape, Margaret
A worked stone from the vicus at South Shields (Arbeia)
Jackson, Ralph & Friendship-Taylor, Roy
The Piddington gladiator clasp-knife
Hill, JD
A pair of silver penannular brooches from Wheathampstead
Wardle, Angela
Ivory implements from London
Worrell, Sally
More Minerva bust wax spatula handles
Crummy, Nina
Other types of wax spatula from Britain
Pugsley, Paola
An item of Roman coopered furniture from Dorchester (Dorset)
Worrell, Sally
Some portable antiquities from Hampshire and Wiltshire
Geake, Helen
New wax spatula from Suffolk
Greep, Stephen
More amulets (Silchester)
Eckardt, Hella
Candlesticks in Roman Britain
Cool, Hilary
The Catterick Gallus
Major, Hilary
Roman decorated iron styli
Crummy, Nina
Wax spatula handle from Yorkshire
Johns, Catherine
A gold amulet-pendant from Eaton Constantine, Shropshire
Dunn, Gillian
Bronze vessels from Middlewich
Eckardt & Crummy
Ivory folding-knife handle from Silchester
Abauzit, Pierre
No more mystery? Bone phalluses - an explanation for the mystery widgets in Lucerna 22
Harrison, Emma
Box appeal – boxes found from Grateley South, Hants
Codreanu-Windauer, Silvia & Bartei, Antja
(Trans, Eckardt & Crummy)
Spindle, Whorl, Pot – a remarkable group of grave goods from Bavaria
Crummy, Nina
Nail-cleaners: regionality at the clean edge of Empire
Wardle, Angela
Mystery widgets – 2 unusual bone objects from London
Stokes, Mike with contributions from Henig, M & Johns, C
Rings and things
Pugsley, Paola
Etruscan hinged shoes
Penny, Stephen
Lead salt pans
Cotton, Jon
Bibliography of sets of gaming counters
Pugsley, Paola
Of Timotei and boxwood combs
Hembrey, Nicola
Help needed – mystery sandstone ?table fragment
Crummy, Nina
Toy storey – stacked counters from Colchester
Carter, Barry
Two lead bull heads from Cambridgeshire
Paynton, Ceinwen
Button-and-loop fasteners in a Roman province: A step towards a regional typology?
Pugsley, Paola
Wooden combs and niche markets
Cooke, Nick
Antler combs, big hair and the Mafia in late Roman Britain – an e-mail correspondence
Eckardt, Hella
An imported candlestick from Silchester
Crummy, Nina
An unusual brooch from Heybridge
Carter, Barry
A lead model from St Albans
Crummy, Nina et al
Agathangelus stamp
Snape, Margaret
Some unusual brooches from Arbeia Roman fort, South Shields
Cool, Hilary
Hairstyles and lifestyles
Crummy, Nina
A late Roman grave group from Durobrivae
Cool Hilary
Surfing the database
Allason-Jones, Lindsay
Gilding the black lily
Carter Barry
Lead brooches from Gloucester
Cooper, Nick
Mystery objects from excavations at Scole, Norfolk/Suffolk 1993-94
Crimmins, Julia &
Keally, Claire
A fibula in Dublin
Riddler, Ian
Hone News from Abroad:  The Clausentium Lamella
Guest, Peter
Johns, Catherine
The Hoxne Hoard – an update
Dearne, Martin
Research into Brooch Catchplate Return Decoration
Allen, Vincent
Mystery objects from Clausentium
- bone objects
Pollard, Richard
A ceramic cult figure from Leicester
Longer version published in Britannia 29 (1998)
Hoffman, Birgitta
Millefiori gaming counters
Ponting, Matthew
Roman Military Metalwork from Masada and Gamla, Israel: the chemistry of soldier and civilian in first century Palestine
Cool, Hilary
Panelled enamel vessels
Snape, Margaret
First century brooches on the northern frontier
Mackreth, Don
Colchesters in the North
Seeley, Fiona
An enigmatic object from Scole
Lucerna 10, November 1995
Wallace, Colin
Gallo-Roman clay figurines: how to find your way around the literature
Dearne, Martin
Spoon brooches
Wise, Philip
A fragment of Roman silver plate from Ratley and Upton
Lucerna 9, June 1995
Dearne, Martin
A burning question (Roman coal use in Britain)

(Later article published:
Dearne, M. I. & Branigan K. The use of coal in Roman Bntain Ant. J.75 (1995), 71-105)
Seeley, Fiona
Roman doorbells
Lucerna 8, March 1994
Croom, Alex & Snape, Margaret
Grave goods from the cemetery at Arbeia Roman fort, South Shields
Lucerna 7, April 1993
Lucerna 6, July 1992
Cool, Hilary
Introducing - Empty Vessels Signifying Something: An introduction to the common types of drinking vessels found on Romano-British sites
Kennett, D H
Introducing – An Introduction to late Roman bronze vessels and their literature
Lucerna 5, February 1992
Snape, Margaret
A Roman or Sub Roman Brooch

Clay, Patrick
Lead seal rewrites history
– Roman lead seal from Thorpe by Glebe
Lucerna 4, September 1991
Mackreth, Don
Brooch stamps in third-century Britain
Appleton, Graham
An introduction to the literature on Roman garden decoration with special reference to sculpture
Lucerna 3, January 1991
Jones, Christine
Annum Novum Faustum Felicem Mihi!
- Ceramic lamp celebrating the New Year
Davies, John
A late Roman bronze punch from Hampshire
Dearne, Martin
A Hebridean brooch
Bishop, Mike
An introduction to the literature on Lorica Segmentata
Davies, John
An introduction to the literature on Roman coins from British sites
Lucerna 2, Spring 1990
Evans, David
Column base from the extra-mural settlement at Caerleon: Gwent
Jones, Christine
An identification problem unhinged – bone hinges
Lloyd-Morgan, Glynnis
An introduction to Roman mirrors and their literature
Bayley, Justine
Castleford moulds – bronze flask
(Request for parallels)
Clay, Patrick
A Roman clasp knife from the Shires excavation, Leicester
Cool, Hilary
An introduction to the literature on Romano-British brooches
Duncan, Holly
Roman boxwood comb

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Survey Archaeology and Dogs

Since I’ve been home, I’ve been working my way through some recent scholarly on survey archaeology as we begin to analyze the data from the Western Argolid Regional Project. Hopefully I’ll have time to blog more at length about articles like, Marica Cassis, Owen Doonan, Hugh Elton, James Newhard, “Evaluating Archaeological Evidence for Demographics, Abandonment, and Recovery in Late Antique and Byzantine Anatolia,” Human Ecology 46 (2018): 381–398. Cassis et al. bring together the analysis of a range of survey projects in Anatolia to demonstrate a diverse array of changes in settlement across the region during the seventh and eighth centuries. The authors argue for regional variation but also connections to climate change, the occupation of marginal lands, and varying degrees of regional engagement in larger economic and political systems. 

I’ve also started to read carefully, John Bintliff, Emeri Farinetti, Božidar Slapšak, and Anthony Snodgrass, Boeotia Project, Volume II: The City of Thespiai: Survey at a Complex Urban Site. Cambridge 2017. While there is much to unpack in this volume, I genuinely appreciated the anecdote on p. 31. 

“One recollection, shared between the notebooks and our own vivid memories, is that of the ‘Hounds of Thespiai’. In those days, when dogs in rural Greece were almost never treated as pets, allowed in the home or kept on a leash (in contrast to the gilded pooches on parade in Athens’ Kolonaki Square), their main function in the countryside was to guard houses and sheep-folds. Apart from the violent barking which was the first form of custodianship, few ventured physical aggression unless one really intended to break into private property. To these rules of behaviour, comforting for the nervous student on field survey in Greece for the first time, the Mad Dogs of Thespies were a permanent exception. Once the field teams were in place in the lowlands of the ancient city each morning, only a few minutes of suspicious calm would elapse before a distant belling from the top of Thespies village hill above us would announce our detection by the Mad Dogs. They would immediately pour down the hill-side towards us at a great pace, then charge at the two teams. There never seemed to be an intention to stop short and make fierce gestures: rather, one got the repeated impression that large pieces of student were believed to be on offer to the under-fed mongrels. Only a Classical education offered daily security against the presumed threat: forming a circle, the field teams would present their steel-tipped sets of 2-m ranging poles to their would-be attackers. Wonderfully, after ten minutes of the ensuing stand-off, the Mad Dogs would slink off, but one could never be sure that an unexpected reprise might not occur later in the morning.”  

Pedar W. Foss (quem dixere chaos)

ROMARCH: Ancient Britain and Classical Art: Oxford Workshop

Ancient Britain and Classical Art, 27th-28th September 2018 – draft programme for CARC workshop now out!

The provisional programme is now available and we are taking free bookings for the 2018 CARC workshop, ‘Ancient Britain and Classical Art’, to be held in the Ioannou Centre, 66 St Giles’, Oxford OX1 3LU on Thursday 27th and Friday 28th September.

Generously supported by Jean-David Cahn and Tony Michaels, this workshop examines the complex relationship between the visual cultures of ancient Britain and the Graeco-Roman traditions of the Continent and the Mediterranean over a period of almost a thousand years. Considering not only the period of Roman Britain but also the art of the pre-Roman Iron Age and the early Anglo-Saxon period, the workshop aims to stimulate dialogue across disciplinary boundaries.

The full draft programme and abstract are available to download on

Please check for updates as the date of the workshop approaches.

The workshop is free and all are welcome to attend, but please book a place by emailing


Classical Art Research Centre

Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies
66 St Giles’, Oxford, OX1 3LU

Tel: +44 (0)1865 278083

Fax: +44 (0)1865 610237








Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

A false quotation of Augustine against the Jews

A correspondent wrote to me some time back, asking:

I’m currently translating John Gray’s booklet ‘Seven types of atheism’ into Dutch. On p. 17 Gray cites this line from Augustine’s ‘Pamflet against the Jews’: ‘The true image of the Hebrew is Judas Iscariot, who sells the Lord for silver. The Jews can never understand scripture, and forever bear the guilt of the death of Christ.’ I cannot find this line in your translation. What could be the matter here?

The gentleman is not the only one to wonder.  Anti-Christian quotations of the fathers are nearly always misquotations or frauds, as I discovered long ago when I reviewed a book of them.

Arie W. Zweip, Christ, the Spirit and the Community of God: Essays on the Acts of the Apostles,  Mohr Siebeck, 2010, wanders off his theme and into a discussion of anti-semitism.  But on page 90, he is obliged to add a note:

5. An Intermezzo: Fake Quotes

At this point I must make a brief but significant detour. Not infrequently Jerome’s and Augustine’s names are mentioned on the internet as outspoken propagators of Christian anti-Semitism. On a number of websites Jerome is quoted as having said that the Jews are “Judaic serpents of whom Judas was the model”, and also: “They (the Jews) are serpents, haters of all men. Their image is Judas. Their psalms and prayers are but the braying of donkeys”.

However, when I checked the quotations against the original, I could not trace their provenance. Virtually all authors quote these words without mentioning the exact source. There is a passage in Jerome’s commentary on Amos that comes close to it (“iudaeorum quoque oratio et psalmi, quos in synagogis canunt, et haereticorum composita laudatio tumultus est domino, et ut ita dicam, grunnitus suis et clamor asinorum, quorum magis cantibus israelis opera comparantur”),54 but the very references to serpents and to Judas are conspicuously absent. In his Verus Israel, Marcel Simon does quote the words of Jerome with a source reference, but he refers to Migne’s Patrologia Latina 26:1224, which is clearly wrong. It seems that we have here a clear example of a “fake quotation” that is running a life of its own.

I suspect the same is true of two anti-Semitic quotations not seldom attributed to Augustine that I was unable to trace: “The true image of the Hebrew is Judas Iscariot, who sells the Lord for silver. The Jew can never understand the scriptures and forever will bear the guilt for the death of Jesus’, and “Judaism, since Christ, is a corruption; indeed Judas is the image of the Jewish people: their understanding of Scripture is carnal; they bear the guilt for the death of the Savior, for through their fathers they have killed Christ. The Jews held Him; the Jews insulted Him; the Jews bound Him; they crowned Him with thorns; they scourged Him; they hanged Him upon a tree”. All this is not to say that Jerome and Augustine did not articulate anti-Semitic sentiments (they clearly did) nor to deny that they may have said things to that effect, but such allegations need to be corroborated by meticulous research and sound evidence, especially so in cases with such wide-ranging implications.

54. Jerome, Commentariorum in Amos; CCSL 76:2, LLT 589.

My own search revealed no source.  No doubt there is one, at some remote remove.  It may perhaps turn out to be someone’s summary of what they felt Augustine intended.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

The origins of pottery linked with intensified fishing in the post-glacial period

A study into some of the earliest known pottery remains has suggested that the rise of ceramic...

The Archaeology News Network

Social isolation: Animals that break away from the pack can influence evolution

For some animals - such as beetles, ants, toads, and primates - short-term social isolation can be just as vital as social interaction to development and long-term evolution. In a review published in the journal Trends in Ecology & Evolution, two evolutionary biologists describe approaches for testing how an animal's isolation might impact natural selection and evolution. This framework can help design more effective breeding,...

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The ancient armour of fish -- scales -- provide clues to hair, feather development

When sea creatures first began crawling and slithering onto land about 385 million years ago, they carried with them their body armor: scales. Fossil evidence shows that the earliest land animals retained scales as a protective feature as they evolved to flourish on terra firma. In this image of zebrafish scales, yellow marks the cells that produce bony material. Magenta marks  the bony material [Credit: Andrew Aman, David...

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He has a wife you know

Please note product may have unintended consequences near...

Please note product may have unintended consequences near lapiths

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

The Truthfulness of the Creator is at Stake

The diabolical heresy known as young-earth creationism is not simply wrong. It is much worse than that. It is an affront to one of the most basic teachings of Christianity and indeed of Abrahamic religions in pretty much all their forms. Whether one’s theological stance is theistic or panentheistic, and whether one views God as […]

The Archaeology News Network

Variations of a single gene drive diverse pigeon feather patterns

In a new study, a team led by University of Utah biologists has discovered that different versions of a single gene, called NDP (Norrie Disease Protein), have unexpected links between color patterns in pigeons, and vision defects in humans. These gene variations were likely bred into pigeons by humans from a different pigeon species and are now evolutionarily advantageous in wild populations of feral pigeons living in urban...

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Jim Davila (

Gate etc. excavated at et-Tell

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The Archaeology News Network

Study demonstrates impact of temperature on mitochondrial DNA evolution

In multicellular organisms, including humans, most DNA is coiled up within the cell's nucleus. A small part, however, is tucked away within the mitochondria-- organelles that produce energy and regulate many metabolic processes within the cell. Fruit flies exhibit sexual dimorphism. Males are smaller, they have bristle on their forelegs, their abdomen is blunt, and their stripes meld together and become dark toward the back of the...

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Jim Davila (

The Talmud and sacred airspace

<img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Strange obituary

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The Archaeology News Network

Looking toward earth's future climate

A NASA scientist's final scientific paper, published posthumously this month, reveals new insights into one of the most complex challenges of Earth's climate: understanding and predicting future atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and the role of the ocean and land in determining those levels. From space, satellites can see Earth breathe. A new NASA visualization shows 20 years of continuous observations of plant life on land and...

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Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Perak govt plans to shut access to prehistoric Gua Tambun rock paintings

via Malay Mail, 10 July 2018: Gua Tambun is a site that I know very well – I studied it for my MA research a decade ago and have gone back to the site every couple of years. The news article incorrectly calls it the largest site in Southeast Asia, although it is one of … Continue reading "Perak govt plans to shut access to prehistoric Gua Tambun rock paintings"

Jim Davila (

The Passion narratives and Roman and Jewish calendars

<img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

The Archaeology News Network

New insight into Greenland's melting glaciers

New research into Greenland's glaciers will help bring accurate sea level rise forecasts – which are crucial in preparing for the impacts of climate change—a step closer. Credit: University of St AndrewsThe Greenland Ice Sheet, which contains enough water to raise sea levels by around seven metres if it melts completely, is expected to be a major source of sea level rise over the coming centuries. However, predicting how quickly the...

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Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Ayutthaya shows love to big trees

via Bangkok Post, 10 July 2018: Big old trees usually have a trove of stories behind them and the many 130-year-old Jujube trees in Ayutthaya Historical Park are no different. Source: Ayutthaya shows love to big trees

Per Lineam Valli

The Roman Army A to Z: honesta missio

honesta missio (f. pl. honestae missiones)

An honourable discharge from the army, usually achieved after the prescribed period of service. Citizen troops qualified for praemia militiae, whilst peregrini such as members of the auxilia received Roman citizenship. Even those dismissed for causaria missio seem to have qualified for honesta missio. Dig. 49.16.13; AE 1961, 169; CIL XVI, 69; VI, 3373. See also causaria missio and ignominiosia missio [Brand 1968]

The Roman Army A to Z: hodoiporikon

hodoiporikon (Gk. όδοιπορικόν)

Literally ‘the itinerary (or voyage)’, leaping fully armed onto a galloping horse, part of the hippika gymnasia (Arr., Tech. Tak. 43) [Hyland 1993]

The Roman Army A to Z: hippika gymnasia

hippika gymnasia (Gk. ἱππικὰ γυμνάσια)

A cavalry training or exercise display, often referred to now as ‘cavalry sports’. The term only survives in Arrian but may be a transliteration of the Latin exercitatio equestris. Arr., Tech. Tak. 33–44. [Hyland 1993]

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2018.07.17: The Ince Blundell Collection of Classical Sculpture, Volume 3: The Ideal Sculpture

Review of Elizabeth Bartman, The Ince Blundell Collection of Classical Sculpture, Volume 3: The Ideal Sculpture. Liverpool: 2017. Pp. 272. $120.00. ISBN 9781781383100.

The Archaeology News Network

A dozen new moons of Jupiter discovered, including one 'oddball'

Twelve new moons orbiting Jupiter have been found--11 "normal" outer moons, and one that they're calling an "oddball." This brings Jupiter's total number of known moons to a whopping 79--the most of any planet in our Solar System. Various groupings of Jovian moons with the newly discovered ones shown in bold. The 'oddball,' called Valetudo after the Roman god Jupiter's great-granddaughter, has a prograde orbit that crosses the...

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Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Metal Detectors on Sale in the UK Right Now

eBay, right now, 'item location, UK only': 986 results (New 836, Used 141, For parts or not working 9). Of these 38 are kiddies detector toys.

Brands available today: New
Garrett (82 items)  Minelab (37 items) XP (33 items) Bounty Hunter (20 items) C.Scope (19 items)   Tesoro (12 items)  Viewee (11 items) Seben (11 items) White's Electronics (10 items) Makro (10 items) Nokta (9 items) Wildgame Innovations (9 items) Treasure Hunter (8 items) Golden Mask (8 items) Homcom (5 items) Fisher (1 item) Unbranded (88 items)   Not specified (460 items)

Brands available today Used:
 Garrett (32 items) C.Scope (13 items) Minelab (12 items) Tesoro (10 items) White's Electronics (8 items) XP (5 items)  Bounty Hunter (4 items)  Teknetics (4 items) OKM (3 items) Fisher (1 item) Makro (1 item) Nokta (1 item) Seben (1 item)  Treasure Hunter (1 item) Viking (1 item) Unbranded (5 items) Not specified (48 items) 

The fact that UK dealers alone are offering (so have the expectation of selling) 930 metal detectors in one week/month suggests that there are a fair number of potential customers in the UK - bearing in mind that many metal detectors are also sold in brick-and-mortar venues (as well as at rallies etc).  How many?

What is interesting is that in British antiquities, sold from the UK alone, there are only 367 'metal detecting finds' auctions, some bulk lots. Many of them however do not look like actual metal detecting finds from fields (as opposed to finds from 'antique-tat'  and charity shops).  

How Many 'Metal Detectorists' are there in England and Wales?

The Ixelles Six /Helsinki Gang debacle got me thinking about the data they were trying to ignore. For the past two years I had been struggling with the implications of some of Sam Hardy's recent research and the numbers he came up with. I have long asked the question concerning the scale of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record as the only true background against which to measure the incessant 'propaganda of success' of the PAS and its supporters. They saw 'x000' more metal detectorists than a few years ago, and got 'y000' more artefacts in their database, all well and good, but to what degree are these figures representing any true mitigation of the information loss?

Back then (first years of the 21st century), there were some wild estimates of overall 'metal detectorist numbers', but nothing concrete. So I began to look into it. The figure I came up with in 2003 was quite a low one, 10000, with just over a thousand in Scotland. That was the basis for the figures used in the Heritage Action Artefact Erosion Counter. About 2010, I was forced to reassess that original estimate, it seemed to me that by that time the number had probably gone up to 16000 (Thomas 2012, 58-9 has a similar estimate), and I ascribed this to the PAS popularising the hobby through their support and promotion. That's when I really began to see the PAS as having a totally negative influence on the very problem that they had been set up to solve.

In 2011, the NCMD was claiming there were around 20000 metal detectorists in the UK. By 2015 the NCMD estimate appears to have risen to 25000 (see here and here), which I was inclined to dismiss at the time. But then in 2017 Sam Hardy produced his figures of 27000 'metal detectorists' (in England and Wales) and another 1000+ in Scotland. I must admit, though I thought his methods were sound and the figures he was using were the best available at the time, I really was a bit sceptical of such high numbers. Until I sketched a graph out. The two lower-left points are my own estimate, the three on the right are the NCMD's and Dr Hardy's. They seem to work together quite convincingly to tell a story of expansion of this damaging hobby on the PAS's watch. What however has not increased by the same degree is the proportion of the finds they are currently making being recorded in the public domain.

The implications of these figures would seem to be that the increase may have been of the order of 17000 more detectorists' in 17 years. That is that while PAS has been legitimising and promoting Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record, numbers of metal detector-using artefact hunters have been quite steadily rising by 1000 a year.  We have no statistics on the number of scattered ephemeral private artefact collections formed in the UK at the same time.

At what stage are Britain's heritage professionals going to get up off their complacent jobsworth arses and stop shoulder-shrugging and do something about this other than just smile and pat the collectors on the head?

Archaeology Magazine

Ancient Papyrus Restored and Translated

papyrus conserved translatedBASEL, SWITZERLAND—According to a Live Science report, a wad of 2,000-year-old papyrus from the collections of the University of Basel has been restored and translated, revealing a previously unknown composition. An examination of the papyrus with ultraviolet and infrared light revealed the sheets may have been stuck together, possibly to be reused as a bookbinding. Once a restorer separated the wad into individual sheets, the Greek text could be read. Ancient historian Sabine Huebner explained the papyrus bears a medical text that may have been composed by the Roman physician Galen, who lived from A.D. 130 to 210. The text may also comprise a commentary on Galen's work, describing a phenomenon he called “hysterical apnea.” Women afflicted with this so-called condition did not suffer from a “wandering womb,” as was thought by other physicians of the day, Galen is known to have argued, but from “hysterical suffocation,” brought on by a lack of intercourse. “The majority of papyri are documents such as letters, contracts, and receipts,” Huebner said. “This is a literary text, however, and they are vastly more valuable.” To read about a papyrus discovered in Egypt in 1934 and only recently translated, go to “Divine Invitation.”

5,500-Year-Old Passage Tomb Unearthed in Ireland

Ireland passage tombCOUNTY MEATH, IRELAND—The Aberdeen Evening Express reports that a Neolithic passage tomb has been discovered in Ireland’s Boyne Valley by researchers from University College Dublin and a private agricultural technology company. A large stone cairn measuring about 130 feet in diameter had been placed over the tomb’s main passage and two burial chambers within the western part of the structure. Six of the stones that had been placed in a ring around the perimeter have also been found. One of them had been decorated with numerous carvings. In addition, two possible satellite tombs have been found nearby. “The spate of archaeological discoveries in Bru na Boinne—Boyne Valley Tombs—in recent weeks highlights what a globally significant place this is,” said Steve Davis of University College Dublin. To read about earlier discoveries in the Boyne Valley, go to “Samhain Revival.”

Mummification Workshop Excavated in Egypt

Saqqara burial shaftGIZA, EGYPT—The Associated Press reports that a 2,500-year-old mummification workshop and a 100-foot-long burial shaft lined with burial chambers carved into the bedrock have been excavated at Saqqara. One of the burials consists of a badly damaged wooden coffin containing a mummy wearing a gilded silver mask, thought to have belonged to the second priest of Mut. “Very few masks of precious metals have been preserved to the present day, because the tombs of most ancient Egyptian dignitaries were looted in ancient times,” said Ramadan Hussein of the German-Egyptian archaeological mission that conducted the excavation. The workshop held embalmer’s tools, including pottery vessels and measuring cups. Traces of oils used in the mummification process during the 26th Dynasty may be found on the jars. “We are in front of a gold mine of information about the chemical composition of these oils,” Hussein explained. Fragments of mummy cartonnages, canopic cylindrical jars, and marl clay and faience cups were also recovered. To read about another recent discovery at Saqqara, go to “Queen of the Old Kingdom.”

Iron-Age Wooden Bowl Found in Scotland

Orkney wooden bowlSOUTH RONALDSAY, SCOTLAND—A 2,000-year-old wooden bowl has been found in a chamber accessed with a series of stone-cut steps beneath Cairns Broch, a round tower at an Iron-Age village site on South Ronaldsay, one of Scotland’s Orkney Islands, according to a report in The Independent. Researchers led by Martin Carruthers of the University of the Highlands and Islands think the bowl may have been placed there before the broch was sealed and abandoned. “In appearance, the bowl is similar in shape to certain of the pottery vessels of the period,” Carruthers said. The bowl’s round base suggests it may have been passed from person to person, similar to the way a traditional alcoholic drink is passed in a wooden vessel at weddings in Orkney today. The excavation of the chamber also uncovered what could be woven plant fibers, and two other wooden objects that look like pegs or stakes.

July 16, 2018

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The “Acts of Mark” and the “Martyrdom of Mark” – an unnecessary confusion

There is a certain confusion in online resources between two late apocryphal texts, the so-called Acts of Mark and the Martyrdom of Mark; and that there is a connection from this material to a spurious Encomium in XII Apostolos attributed to Severian of Gabala.

This I discovered in response to an enquiry about the Encomium; and then discovered that confusion even extends to the excellent NASSCAL site which tries to index the apocrypha.  This is all caused by a certain D. Callahan who, writing about or editing or translating the Martyrdom, proceeded to entitle his several publications Acts of Mark.[1]  (My thanks to Dean Furlong, who made the enquiry, and supplied several useful documents for this article.)

Fortunately Schneemelcher’s classic tome, New Testament Apocrypha, vol. 2, does not share this confusion.  Let’s discuss these two obscure texts, neither of which was familiar to me before today.  Most of this is summarised from Schneemelcher, of course.

Before we do so, a warning.  Neither of these should really be considered as New Testament Apocrypha.  They are really hagiographical works, “Christian novels” as a recent publication called such things.

The Martyrdom of Mark / Martyrium Marci / Martyrion tou agiou apostolou kai evangelistou Markou (NTA 2, p.461 f.)

The story is in 14 chapters and inter alia relates to Mark’s disciple, Anianus.

This work is preserved in a number of Greek witnesses, two of which have been printed, and are clearly related (BHG II, 1035-1036).

  •  Codex Vaticanus gr. 866.  This text was printed in the Acta Sanctorum, April vol. III, Antwerp 1675, XLVI-VII.
  •  Codex Parisinus gr. 881.  This text was printed in the Patrologia Graeca 115, cols. 164-9.  Note that although the PG prints the text among work of Simeon Metaphrastes, it has no connection with him.  Many of the translations into other languages seem related to this text.  English translation from the PG by A.D.Callahan, The Acts (sic) of Mark, diss. Harvard, 1992, appendix (p.119 f.)

The story must have been translated into Latin early, as a version is embedded in Prudentius (end of 4th c.).  A number of Latin versions of the story do exist (BHL 5276-5280).  An example is printed in the Acta Sanctorum (April III, Antwerp 1675, 347-349).

A Coptic version or versions also exist.

  • The Amherst Morgan 15 papyrus (7th century) is online here.  This was printed and translated in W. Crum, Theological Texts from Coptic Papyri, Oxford 1913, 65-68, also online here.  Schneemelcher lists a couple of other papyri.
  •  The Morgan Coptic Codex 635, fol. 24r-33v, contains an episode from the same narrative as part of a series of homilies or encomia.  These are the Encomia in XII Apostolos mentioned among the spuria of Severian of Gabala by the Clavis Patrum Graecorum, as CPG 4281.  This material has been published in the CSCO, and even translated into English (CSCO 545, 1992, homily 4, starting p.65), where it is headed “On St Peter and St Paul”. The homily or encomium is intended for the feast which marks the martyrdom of these two saints and the twelve apostles.  Being delivered in Egypt, it naturally devotes space to St Mark, the evangelist of Egypt.
  •  There is also a publication which I have not seen, A.D.Callahan “The Acts of Saint Mark: an introduction and translation.” Coptic Church Review 14 (Spr 1993), pp. 3-10.

There are also at least two Arabic versions.  The first (BHO 597) was published by Agnes Smith Lewis in Horae Semiticae III-IV, London 1904, 126-9, 147-151.  Another heavily reworked version (BHO 598) is incorporated in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria.  I have not seen it, but there is also A. D. Callahan “The Acts of Mark: tradition, transmission, and translation of the Arabic version.” In: F. Bovon (ed), Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, Harvard, 1999, pp. 63-85.  This I assume again relates to the Martyrdom, not the Acts.

Several copies of an Ethiopic version have reached us; and there is an Old Slavonic version.

Acts of Mark / Acta Marci / Praxeis kai Thaumata kai martyrion tou agiou evangelistou Markou (Schneemelcher, p.464)

This work in 35 chapters is a massively expanded reworking and paraphrase of the Martyrdom, drawing on material about St Mark from all sides, including the Acta Barnabae.  The text is preserved in Greek in a 13th century manuscript from the Stavronikita monastery on Mt Athos, Codex Athonensi Stauronicetae 18, fol. 175v-189. (BHG II, 1036m).  It was edited by F. Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana 87, 1969, 346-371.  An English translation is in progress by Mark A. House.  A draft of 5 chapters can be found in Salm’s paper, although 9 have now been translated.

A similar attempt to expand the Martyrdom can be found in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria, prefaced to the Arabic version of the Martyrdom.  It was edited with English translation by B. Evetts, Patrologia Orientalis 1, 1904, 134-40.

    *    *    *    *

The relation between these two works is now a lot clearer to me.  Let’s finish by giving Dr Callahan’s translation of the Martyrdom of Mark, as few will have access to it.

    *    *    *    *

Translated from Par. Gr. 881 = Paris Greek 881, entitled “Martyrdom of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Mark of Alexandria,” in Patrologia Graeca 115, cols. 164-69.


Section 1: Saint Mark’s Lot to Preach in Egypt

At that time when the apostles were being dispersed throughout the inhabited world, it was the lot of the most holy Mark to go into the environs of Egypt by the will of God, where also the blessed canons of the holy and apostolic Church decreed that he be the first evangelist in the entire region of Egypt, Libya and Marmarice, Ammaniace and Pentapolis to preach the gospel of the visitation (epidemias) of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Section 2: The Idolatry of the Inhabitants

For throughout the land were people uncircumcised in heart, idolaters, full of every uncleanness and worshippers of unclean spirits. For they furnished consecrated enclosures and sacred precincts for every house and street and province; and fortunes as well as magic, and every angelic power. Moreover, demonic [power] was among them, which the visitation of our Lord Jesus Christ arrested and destroyed.

Section 3: The Evangelist in Pentapolis

Then, after the oracularly announced evangelist Mark arrived in Cyrene and Pentapolis, speaking the word of the ruling power of Christ, and performing stunning miracles among them (healing the infirm, cleansing lepers, exorcizing fierce spirits by the word of his grace), many people, believing in our Lord Jesus Christ through him, threw their idols to the ground, were enlightened and were baptized in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

Section 4: The Call to Alexandria

It was then revealed to him there by the Holy Spirit to go up to the Alexandrian lighthouse [lit., Pharite] and spread the good seed of God. The blessed evangelist Mark, eagerly stepped up to the contest like a brave athlete and, greeting the brethren, said, “The Lord has told me to go to the city of Alexandria.” And the brethem escorted him to the boat. And after tasting his bread they sent him forth saying, “May the Lord Jesus Christ make your way go well.”

Section 5: St. Mark Arrives in Alexandria

And the blessed Mark arrived in Alexandria on the second day, and after disembarking from his boat came to a place called Mendion. Entering the gate of the city, immediately his sandal broke. But learning [this], the blessed apostle said, “Indeed, the way is well resolved.”

Section 6: The Evangelist Heals a Cobbler

And seeing a cobbler, he handed over the sandal to him. The needle in the hole pierced his right hand and he said [lit., says], “God is one!” And the blessed Mark, hearing “God is one,” said to himself with a laugh,” The Lord has made my way go well.” And he spit on the ground and made clay from the spittle and anointed the hand of the man, saying, “In the name of Jesus Christ, the son of the eternal living God, be well.” And immediately the man’s hand was healed.

Section 7: The Cobbler Invites St. Mark to His Home

The cobbler, having become acquainted with the power of the man and the efficacy of his word and ascetical appearance (or, “attire”), he said to him, “I beg you, 0 man of God, come, lodge today in the house of your servant and let us eat a morsel of bread together, and have mercy on me today.” But the blessed Mark said with glee, “May the Lord give you living bread.” And the man prevailed upon the apostle, and joyfully brought him into his house.

Section 8: At the Cobbler’s Home

The blessed Mark entered the house and said, “The blessing of the Lord [be upon] this place. Let us pray, brethren.” And they prayed together, and after the prayer they were summoned. As they made merry, the man said, “0 father, what is your name? Who are you, and whence this powerful word in you?” The holy Mark said, “I am a slave of the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God.” The man said, “I wish to see him.” And Mark the holy martyr of Christ said, “I am showing him to you.”

Section 9: Anianus, His Family, and Others are Converted

And the holy Mark began to relate [lit., ‘perform’] the gospel of Jesus Christ, Son of God, son of Abraham, and showed to them the matters concerning his prophets. But the man said, “I beg you, lord, I have not once heard of the writings of which you speak, but [only] the llliad and the Odyssey, and such things as make wise the children of the Egyptians.” Then the holy Mark [began: supply exate] to proclaim Christ to him and to demonstrate to him that the wisdom of this world is foolishness according to God. And the man believed in God because of the signs and wonders mentioned by Mark, and he and his entire household were enlightened along with a great multitude in that place. And the name of the man was Ananias.

Section 10: The Evangelist Ordains Clergy

As there came to be a multitude of those believing on the Lord, the people of the city heard that some Galilean had come there and was overturning the sacrifices of the gods and hindering their worship, and hatching plots against him they sought to kill him. But perceiving their designs, the holy Mark, after selecting Ananias as bishop and three presbyters Milaios, Sabinus and Kerdon, and seven deacons, i.e., eleven others for service to the church, fled and departed again for Pentapolis.

Section 11: St. Mark Returns to Alexandria

And after spending two years there, establishing the brethren and appointing bishops and clergy for each region of the countryside, he returned to Alexandria and found the brethren growing in the grace and discipline of God. And they built a church for themselves called the [places of the] Boukalou by the sea, beneath the steep banks. And the righteous one rejoiced greatly, and on bended knee glorified God.

Section 12: The Jealousy of the Pagans

But as enough time passed, the Christians multiplied, laughing the idols to scorn and ridiculing the Greeks. The Greeks learned that the saint and evangelist Mark had returned, and hearing of the wonderful deeds he was performing they were filled with jealousy. For he healed the infirm, cleansed the lepers, proclaimed the gospel to the deaf, and bestowed sight to many of the blind.

Section 13: The Pagans Seek to Capture the Evangelist

And they sought to capture him and could not find him. And they gnashed their teeth against him, and in the festive processions of their idols they shouted at him saying, “Many [are the] powers of the sorcerer!”

Section 14: St. Mark Arrested During the Passover

But it happened [that] our blessed feast of Passover fell on the holy Sunday, Pharmouthi 29th, from the eighth Kalend of May, i.e., April 24th, which coincided with the festive procession of Serapis. Finding such an opportune moment, they deployed spies; they fell upon him saying prayers of the divine offering. And seizing him, they threw a mooring rope around his neck and dragged him, saying, “Let us drag the antelope to [the places of the] Boukalou.”

Section 15: The Evangelist is Tortured

But while the holy Mark was being dragged along, he offered up thankgiving to the savior Christ, saying, “I thank you, Lord Jesus Christ, that I have been counted worthy to suffer these things on behalf of your name.” And his flesh was falling to the ground, and the stones were stained with his blood.

Section 16: St. Mark is Incarcerated

When evening had fallen, they threw him in prison, and deliberated upon the manner of death by which they should destroy him. But in the middle of the night, after the doors had been shut and the guards stationed at the doors, behold, a great earthquake occurred. For an angel of the Lord, coming from heaven, touched him saying, “O Mark, slave of God, chief of the saints in Egypt, behold your name has been inscribed in a book of eternal life and counted along with the holy apostles. Behold, your memorial shall never be forsaken. You have become a companion of the powers above in heaven. Archangels shall receive you and your remains on earth shall not perish.”

Section 17: The Lord Appears to the Evangelist

Having seen this vision, the blessed Mark, his hands outstretched, said, “I thank you, my Lord Jesus Christ, that you did not desert me, but you have numbered me with your saints. I beseech you, O Lord Jesus Christ, to welcome my soul and not reject me from your grace.” And after he said these things, the Lord Jesus appeared to him in the form [that he bore] when he was with his disciples, the very form [he bore] before his suffering and entombment, and said [lit., ‘says’] to him, “Peace to you, our own Mark, my evangelist.” And Mark said, “Peace to you, my Lord Jesus Christ.”

Section 18: St. Mark is Tortured to Death

But early in the morning, the multitude of the city returned and removed him from the prison. They again threw the rope around his neck and dragged [him about], saying, “Let us drag the antelope to [the places of the] Boukolou.” But the blessed Mark again offered up thanks to the creator of all, the Lord Jesus Christ, saying, “Into your hands, Lord, I commit my spirit.” And after he said this he surrendered his spirit.

Section 19: The Pagans Attempt to Burn His Remains

But the multitude of impious Greeks kindled a fire in the so-called Angels, and incinerated the remains of the righteous [one]. Then, by the foreknowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, a squall arose, and a great windstorm came along, and the sun ceased shining, and there was a great roar of thunder and heavy rain with lightening until evening, so as to knock down many dwellings and kill many. Afraid, they released the corpse of the saint and fled. But others sneered and said, “How their thrice-blessed Serapis made a visitation to the man on account of his birthday festival!”

Section 20: The Evangelist is Buried

Then devout persons came and wrapped up the body of the righteous one from the ashes and bore it to where they finished their prayers and hymn-singing, and dressed him [i.e., his body, for burial] according to the custom of the city, and laid him out in a place that had been splendidly hewn. They completed his memorial prayerfully and decorously; they valued him as the first treasure in Alexandria. They laid him to rest in the eastern section [of the city].

Section 21:Conclusion

The blessed Mark, the Evangelist and first martyr of our Lord Jesus Christ was laid to rest in Alexandria in the Egyptian month of Pharmouthi 30th, but according to the Romans before the Kalends of May; according to the Hebrews the 17th of Nisan, during the reign of Gaius Tiberius Caesar, but according to us the Christians during the reign of our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom be glory and power forever and ever. Amen.

  1. [1]This I learned from independent scholar Rene Salm, The Acts of Mark: An important discovery, online at here.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Ancient Lamps: RomQ Reference Collection

Ancient Lamps: RomQ Reference Collection
Lamps in pottery and metal made in the area centred by the Mediterranean over a period of some 3,500 years, from the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages, with a primary focus on those of Classical Antiquity. The objects reflect the influence of Greek, Hellenistic, Egyptian, Levantine, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic and other cultures.
Fakes & Reproductions



Ancient Lamps Catalogue

Notes | Abbreviations | Signatures | Inscriptions | Index of Motifs

Bronze & Iron Age Periods
Greek Period
Hellenistic Period
Plastic Lamps
Roman Period
Volute Lamps
Factory Lamps
North Africa
Asia Minor
Late Roman & Byzantine Periods
North Africa
Asia Minor
Byzantine & Medieval Periods
Metal Lamps
Lamp Moulds
Lamp Hook

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Archaeologists discover bread that predates agriculture by 4,000 years

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Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

A Revised Artefact Erosion Counter

The Counter should be treated 

seriously. The depletion and information 
loss due to legal artefact hunting appears to be
on a far g
rander scale than the public is being told.

Heritage Action 2006

The implications of Sam Hardy's published figures for the Heritage Action artefact Erosion Counter: one recordable artefact pocketed every 12.76 seconds by 'licit' detecting alone since the beginning of the PAS.

And 'how many' of them did the PAS say they've recorded?  This is the elephant in the room ignored by the Ixelles Six /Helsinki Gang of academic apologists for artefact hunting and collecting.

Six academics distracted from what is important (Mark Bryan)
Now we have new and as yet unfalsified published figures available, let us see just how much of a deliberate underestimate the much-maligned (by artefact collectors and their supporters) Heritage Action Artefact Erosion Counter  actually represented. I started this counter at midnight of 15th July 2018. The 'since the start of the Portable Antiquities Scheme' starting figure then was 6,260,328.

counter by POWr editor

The Archaeology News Network

'At least half Holy Shroud bloodstains fake'

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[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

The Heroic Age

This is a brief reminder that the organizers of Shifting Frontiers
XIII (being held March 14-17, Los Angeles) are now accepting paper
proposals. We invite papers examining the impact and response of
communities and individuals to "disasters" (defined broadly as
economic, environmental, political, religious, cultural upheaval).
Paper proposals should be received no later than October 1, 2018, and
may be sent to For more details, please visit the
webpage link:<>
Any questions may be addressed to Shane Bjornlie at
On behalf of the Shifting Frontiers XIII organizers, msb

M. Shane Bjornlie, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Roman and Late Antique History

Chair, Department of History, Claremont McKenna College

The Archaeology News Network

Archaeologists discover bread that predates agriculture by 4,000 years

At an archaeological site in northeastern Jordan, researchers have discovered the charred remains of a flatbread baked by hunter-gatherers 14,400 years ago. It is the oldest direct evidence of bread found to date, predating the advent of agriculture by at least 4,000 years. The findings suggest that bread production based on wild cereals may have encouraged hunter-gatherers to cultivate cereals, and thus contributed to the agricultural...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Fresh DNA tests authenticate bones of Russia tsar, family

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

SPAZI900. L’App della Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma


La Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma lancia Spazi900, l’App del Museo della Biblioteca, uno spazio concepito per rendere accessibile ai visitatori le collezioni letterarie della Biblioteca: carte e biblioteche d’autore, oggetti, quadri e arredi di molti tra i più importanti poeti e scrittori del Novecento italiano.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

IMAGO: The Roman Society Centenary Image Bank

 [First posted in AWOL  3 June 2015, updated 16 July 2018]

IMAGO: The Roman Society Centenary Image Bank
IMAGO was conceived in 2010 to commemorate the Roman Society's centenary. It is intended to be used by students, teachers, lecturers and everyone interested in the archaeology, history and material culture of ancient Rome.

Photos are donated and available to use and share for educational and research purposes only, and downloadable images can be quickly saved or copied into presentation software such as PowerPoint.
Click here for the complete list with brief descriptions of all photos in the IMAGO database (downloads as an Excel spreadsheet).

The majority of the photos are digitised copies of the Society's slide collection, which grew to include 3,500 slides - the best of the collection was scanned and enhanced to improve access to this valuable resource. Although the quality of some slides, mostly donated in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, is variable, they are also important records of how Roman monuments and their environments (and the people studying these remains) have changed over time. Many digital images are also available and these will grow as more photos are donated.

Donating photos of new and well known sites ensures users of IMAGO will continue to be able to access images of the lastest Roman finds and discoveries.

Open Access Journal: Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia

 [First posted in AWOL 18 Septembver 2012, updated 16 July 2018]

Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia
ISSN: 2239-4141
Fondata nel 2010, la rivista telematica semestrale Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia artistica (ISSN 2239-4141) è pubblicata sotto il patrocinio del Dipartimento di Studi letterari, filosofici e di storia dell’arte dell’Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”. Dal 2012 è inserita nell’elenco delle riviste scientifiche nazionali accreditate dall’ANVUR. 

Horti Hesperidum si propone di dare visibilità alle ricerche di studiosi di storia dell’arte, più e meno giovani, impegnati a indagare le testimonianze scritte del passato e, quindi, a elaborare una più consapevole riflessione sugli strumenti di indagine storico-critica e sui modi di vedere che appartengono al nostro tempo.

Unitamente alla rivista nasce la Biblioteca di Horti Hesperidum, al cui interno saranno nel corso del tempo archiviati testi letterari di interesse storico-artistico, di vario genere ed epoca, dall’antichità all’età contemporanea, sui quali troveranno fondamento gli stessi saggi storici pubblicati nei fascicoli della rivista. Il programma editoriale di Horti Hesperidum è principalmente legato alle attività di ricerca condotte in stretta collaborazione da docenti e studenti all’interno del corso di laurea magistrale in Storia dell’arte presso la Facoltà di Lettere  e Filosofia dell’Università degli studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”.

Fascicolo 2017, I («La Roma di Raffaele Riario tra XV e XVI secolo. Cultura antiquaria e cantieri decorativi»)

Frontespizio e indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Presentazione
Luca Pezzuto, Premessa
Silvia Danesi Squarzina, Introduzione
Enzo Borsellino, Palazzo Riario-Corsini alla Lungara tra architettura, decorazione e collezionismo
Enzo Bentivoglio, Raffaele Riario tra i pontificati di Sisto IV e Leone X: ascesa, apogeo e tramonto
Silvia Ginzburg, Per una ripresa degli studi su Raffaele Riario: il giovane Michelangelo e la fortuna delle Muse del Prado
David Frapiccini, Il cardinale Raffaele Riario e gli affreschi  dell’episcopio ostiense: ideologia  e iconografia romano-imperiale  al  tempo  di Giulio II
Vincenzo Farinella, Dipingere ‘in latino’, a Roma, da Ripanda a Raffaello
Alessandro Angelini, Un gonfalone dimenticato e la cultura di Sant’Onofrio a Roma
Michele Maccherini, «Jacomo Ripanda bolognese» nelle Considerazioni di Giulio Mancini
Luca Pezzuto, Il Banco Galli-Balducci, Raffaele Riario e il suo pittore di fiducia: «Jacopo del Rimpacta da Bologna»
Stefania Castellana, «Jacobus pictor»: un equivoco documentario
Matteo Mazzalupi, I fratelli Rimpatta: novità biografiche dagli archivi romani
Atlante iconografico
Indice dei nomi (a cura di Carlotta Brovadan)

Fascicolo 2017, II («‘Invenit et delineavit’. La stampa di traduzione tra Italia e Francia  dal XVI al XIX secolo»)

Frontespizio e indice
Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò, Prefazione
Véronique Meyer, Francesca Mariano, Introduzione
Estelle Leutrat, Sienne, Paris, Anvers: les stations de sainte Catherine. Diffusion et interprétations d’une hagiographie gravée dans l’Europe post-tridentine
Carmelo Occhipinti, Ricognizioni su Léon Davent
Arnalda Dallaj, L’architettura “antica” di Montano nei metodi degli editori Giovanni Battista Soria e Bartolomeo de Rossi e qualche nota per Jérôme David
Blanche Llaurens, François Langlois dit Ciartres (1588-1647), marchand et éditeur des maîtres italiens
Francesca Mariano, Alcune novità per Jérôme David intagliatore di artisti italiani a Roma (1622-1625) e due proposte attributive per Antonio Circignani detto il Pomarancio
Véronique Meyer, L’interprétation au XVIIe siècle des œuvres de Francesco Albani par les graveurs français
Ludovic Jouvet, À dessein: Simon II Thomassin (1654-1733) et la peinture italienne
Alexandra Blanc, Parmigianino interpretato – i disegni incisi del conte di Caylus
Giorgio Marini, Laurent Cars, Joseph Wagner, Charles-Joseph Flipart: le radici francesi dell’incisione di traduzione a Venezia nel Settecento
Rosalba Dinoia, Bulinisti e acquafortisti italiani in Francia. La traduzione di due generazioni dell’Ottocento a confronto
Gabriella Bocconi, Alla gioventù studiosa delle arti. La traduzione in Calcografia come modello didattico
Flavia Pesci, Modelli francesi per l’acquaforte di fine Ottocento: Vittore Grubicy e l’incisione di traduzione

Fascicolo 2016, I («Studi su Vasari»)

Copertina, frontespizio e indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Editoriale (2016, I)
Floriana Conte, Introduzione
 Enrico Mattioda, Le poesie di Vasari e la dedica delle Vite  a Vittoria Colonna
 Antonio Sorella, Primi appunti sulla stampa delle Vite di Torrentino (1550) e dei Giunti (1568)
 Alessandro Nova, Vasari e il Ritratto
 Guido Rebecchini, Vasari, Alessandro de’ Medici, le arti e la politica della corte
 Carmelo Occhipinti, Ligorio e Vasari. Sulla   ‘Pazienza’ di Ercole II d’Este e su Girolamo da Carpi
 Chiara Laquintana, Considerazioni su un disegno poco noto di Giorgio Vasari
Federica Kappler, Su Simone Mosca in Santa Maria della Pace
Cristina Conti, Rosso Fiorentino e Gentile Virginio Orsini a Cerveteri
Maria Beltramini, Giorgio Vasari e l’‘Ornamento dell’Altare’. L’architettura degli oggetti per la decorazione e il culto: il caso di Arezzo

Fascicolo 2016, II («Il corpo malato»)

Copertina, frontespizio, indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Editoriale
Rossana Buono e Simonetta Baroni, Introduzione
Marcella Pisani, Malati Divini, Mortali e Immaginari. Percezione e raffi- gurazione del corpo malato in Grecia e a Roma tra il VI e il II sec. a.C.
Chiara Laquintana, Poetica barocca di un corpo malato. L’iconografia dalla Gerusalemme liberata del Tancredi ferito
Lara Sambucci, Il dolore negato. Il Parenthyrsus negli scritti di Johann Joachim Winckelmann
 Maria Beltramini, I corpi malati di Filarete
 Emanuela Marino, Sulla salubrità delle Acque Albule e del fiume Aniene
 Fabio Petrelli, La donna nelle pratiche rituali dell’Italia meridionale. Un’analisi attraverso l’iconografia, la fotografia e la filmografia di interesse antropologico
 Thurid Vold, Il corpo malato. Dai batteri ai virus. La malattia come viene esposta nell’arte di Munch e Malgaard
 Thurid Vold, The Sick Body. From Bacteria to viruses. How Munch and Melgaard express disease in their art
Kamilla Freyr, Art and Illness, The question of depression and melancholy in the art of Liza May Post
Ida Bergli Wold, Ida Mari Kristiansen, Diseas related to Body and Soul. The social stigma of mental illness in the art of Vanessa Baird
Stefano Gallo, La pittura metafisica di De Chirico e il corpo malato
Alessandra Magostini, Il corpo che trema: quando la terra si ribella all’uomo
Rossana Buono, Il suono del sangue parla la stessa lingua
Giuseppe Patella, Tra Abiezione e disgusto. Il corpo ferito dell’arte contemporanea
Carlotta Sylos Calò, Personificare la malattia: I tumori di Alina Szapocznikow
Simonetta Baroni, L’arte come cura: Sculture, Performance, fotografie, video di Hanna Wilke
Stefano Pierguidi, La ‘Madonna dei Palafrenieri’ di Caravaggio nel contesto della collezione Borghese
Alberto Manodori Sagredo, Problematiche dell’immagine fotografica della scultura greco-romana stante nella seconda metà dell’Ottocento in Italia
Carmelo Occhipinti, Raffaello, Correggio, Caravaggio. Bilancio di una mostra sperimentale

Fascicolo 2015, I, 1

C. Occhipinti, Editoriale – 1 – 2015
I. Sforza, Introduzione – 1 – 2015
S. Capocasa – 1 – 2015
G. Rocco – 1 – 2015
R. Sassu – 1 – 2015
I. Sforza – 1 – 2015
E. Castillo Ramirez – 1 – 2015
C. Bordino – 1 – 2015
A. Painesi – 1 – 2015
Abstracts – 1 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, I, 2

Frontespizio e indice – 2 – 2015
K. Weiger – 2 – 2015
U. Hoffmann – 2 – 2015
M. Gilly Argoud – 2 – 2015
E. Filippi – 2 – 2015
F. Corsi – 2 – 2015
D. Gavrilovich – 2 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, II, 1

Frontespizio e indice – 3 – 2015
B. de Klerck – 3 – 2015
D. Caracciolo – 3 – 2015
C. Acucella, – 3 – 2015
M. do Carmo Mendes – 3 – 2015
N. Niedermeier – 3 – 2015
A. Robin – 3 – 2015
P. Sanvito – 3 – 2015
T. Griffero – 3 – 2015
V.E. Genovese – 3 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, II, 2

Frontespizio e indice – 4 – 2015
A. de Luca – 4 – 2015
A. Manodori Sagredo – 4 – 2015
F. Kulberg Taub – 4 – 2015
A. de Palma – 4 – 2015
P. Conte – 4 – 2015

Fascicolo 2014, I

Frontespizio e indice – 1 – 2014
F. Grisolia, Presentazione – 1 – 2014
M. Marongiu – 1 – 2014
A. Ulisse – 1 – 2014
M.S. Bolzoni – 1 – 2014
A. Albl – 1 – 2014
K. D’Alburquerque – 1 – 2014
L. Pezzuto – 1 – 2014
U. Fischer Pace, S. Prosperi V – 1 – 2014
G. Zolle Betegon – 1 – 2014
P. Diez Del Corral Corredoira – 1 – 2014
S. Ventra – 1 – 2014
G. Zavatta – 1 – 2014
F. Grisolia – 1 – 2014
Abstract (2014,1) – 1 – 2014

Fascicolo 2014, II

F. Grisolia, “Presentazione” – 2 – 2014
F. Rinaldi – 2 – 2014
F. Armando – 2 – 2014
C. Garofalo – 2 – 2014
V. Farina – 2 – 2014
D. Beccarini – 2 – 2014
I. Rossi – 2 – 2014
L. Berretti – 2 – 2014
C. Sylos Calò – 2 – 2014
Abstracts (2014, 2) – 2 – 2014
Si vedano i fascicoli precedenti (2011-2013) nel vecchio sito internet di Horti Hesperidum, prima che saranno riversati nel nuovo.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Cineca organizza la 14° Scuola Avanzata di Computer Graphics per i Beni Culturali


Il Cineca organizza la Scuola Avanzata di Computer Graphics per i Beni Culturali, che si terrà a Bologna (Casalecchio di Reno) dall'8 al 12 ottobre 2018. Quest'anno il tema è "Ecosistemi digitali e ambienti virtuali interattivi per il Cultural Heritage". Nel corso delle lezioni, che avranno un approccio hands-on e transmediale, saranno presentate le più innovative tecnologie in ambito "digital heritage": modellazione 3D e animazione in Blender, modellazione 3D fotogrammetrica, web 3D interattivo, cenni di integrazione con i servizi HPC.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Marginalia: A Review of Books in History, Theology and Religion

 [First posted in AWOL 23 January 2013, updated 16 July 2018]

Marginalia: A Review of Books in History, Theology and Religion
ISSN: 2325-8357
Knowledge is the economy of the future, the key to innovation, and a step on the path towards a more civil and humane society. Marginalia provides universal access to thinkers and artists and creates new knowledge through connecting the separated silos of the university, arts, and culture into a single space of insight and learning, curated by expert editors guided by our vision of democratizing depth in an age drowning in the shallows.
Deep learning for the digital age captures the meaning of marginalia in modern times: the personalized and actionable knowledge inscribed in the margins of a book’s page – not just commentary but new insight that the individual could use to act in the world. But the margins are now digital, and the insights are for everyone.
We publish every other Friday, with some special features appearing at other times.
Marginalia is a Los Angeles Review of Books Channel. LARB Channels are a community of wholly independent, vanguard online magazines specializing in literary criticism, politics, science, the arts and culture, supported by the Los Angeles Review of Books.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

7,000-year-old human face stone carving found in Inner Mongolia

A prehistoric human face stone carving, which is believed to be over 7,000 years old, has been...

Sixteenth-century Tudor shipwreck given protected status after being found beneath beach in Kent

A Tudor shipwreck dating back to the 16th century has been given protected status after its timbers...

The Archaeology News Network

Geologists found out how over 2.6 Ga years old rocks were formed at Limpopo Complex

Cratons (from the Greek "power" or "might") are the areas of the oldest continental crust on Earth that are preserved only in several places on our planet. According to scientists, the Kaapvaal Craton in the South Africa and the Pilbara Craton in Australia (the most ancient of these structures) were the parts of Vaalbara, an Archean supercontinent. Graphite flakes (above) and CO2 fluid inclusions in quartz (below) from the granites of...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Punk Archaeology, Slow Archaeology, and the Archaeology of Care

Over the last three months I’ve been fretting and toiling about a paper that I’m writing for European Archaeological Association meeting in September that is due to pre-circulate on August 1. I promised myself to have a completed draft done by July 15, not so much to fulfill some vague Germanic need to have things done on time, but because I was struggling to wrangle my ideas into something that made sense.

So here’s my a draft of my overly long introduction to the paper. Feedback is, as always, welcome:

My paper today is yet another effort to come to terms with my anxiety about the emergence of a transhuman, digital archaeology. To be clear from the start, I consider myself a bit of a digital archaeology and a digital native. I can’t remember, for example, living in a house without a computer and my role on archaeological projects has always involved data management and GIS. Over the last few years, I’ve also started an open access press, The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, that privileges digital downloads over print and has featured a number of open access books that critically examine digital practices in archaeology.

My interest today is a speculative and theoretical and instead of focusing on the immediate context of field practices, I’d like to think about technology in archaeology in a more historical and expansive way. This will, of course, make many of my generalizations easy enough to dismiss with examples for actual field practices or implementation. These to me are reasons for optimism and perhaps reflect the advanced state of critical engagement with the way that digital tools are shaping the discipline. At the same time, I do think that long trajectory of digital practices in archaeology (and in our transhuman culture) remains unclear as folks like Jeremey Huggett have recognized (Huggett, Reilly, Lock 2018).

My small part in this conversation, which I shamelessly plug in the title of this paper, involved publishing a collection of reflections on ”punk archaeology” (Caraher et al. 2014) and, more recently, a couple of short articles that use the popular ”slow movement“ as an imperfect, but nevertheless accessible and useful lens for critically engaging digital archaeology (Caraher 2015, 2016) . Punk archaeology offered a view of archaeology grounded in radical and performative inclusivity, and slow archaeology considered the implications of a particular strand of scholarship that celebrated the increases in efficiency, accuracy, and precision associated with digital field practices. While both efforts have received substantive and thoughtful critiques that have demonstrated the limits to these analogies (archaeology is LIKE punk or LIKE the slow movement; see Richardson 2016; Graham 2017), I still hope that they offer some useful perspectives on the relationship between how archaeology produces the past in the present and how this shapes the organization of our discipline. It is the intersection of epistemological (and ontological) concerns and professional and disciplinary concerns that has heightened my sense of anxiety concerning archaeology’s digital future.

Some of this anxiety almost certainly comes from my growing interest in the works Ivan Illich and Jacques Ellul, mid-century Christian anarchists, who wrote critically on the rise of modern institutions and technology. Without over simplifying and eliding their different perspectives, both men saw the shift toward modern practices as profoundly disruptive to traditional values and a sense of community.

Ellul’s is perhaps the more problematic for considering archaeological practice. He suggests that the rise of rationality and technology, which he summarizes in the term “technique” after 1750 severed the careful attention of the individual from work itself (Ellul 1964). In its place emerged ”technique” which had its own abstract logic that was closely tied to the need for efficiency. Thus, in Ellul’s writing, emergence of technique in the place of individual care marked the decline in human autonomy as individual choices in how to work gave way to the inescapably logic of efficiency as the organizing principle structuring all human relations and relationships between humans and their tools. As Jennifer Alexander noted in her historical study of efficiency, “efficiency remains an iconic mantra in the high-tech industries,” and I’d argue efficiency remains a key consideration for how archaeology is organized and uses tools (Alexander 2008). In fact, a recent conference and publication dedicated to digital tools in field work, Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future, was laced with the discussions of efficiency and terms like workflow. Among the most widely cited and read articles from Journal of Field Archaeology is Christopher Roosevelt’s (and team) thorough presentation of the digital workflow from their project in southwest Turkey.

Ivan Illich shared many of Ellul’s concerns and proposed that modernity, technology, and the state disrupted the conviviality that existed in the premodern world and among premodern societies (Illich 1975). For Illich, conviviality represented the opposite of modern productivity (with its interest in speed and efficiency) and emphasized the free, unstructured, and creative interaction between individuals and between individuals and their environment. For Illich, like Ellul, the use of technology does not result in a society more free, but one that is increasingly bereft of the conditions that allow for creativity as the need for efficiency and speed create a kind of dominant logic in practice. (One can see in this tension, for example, the curiosity driven and open-ended nature of basic science in contrast to the narrower more practically focused work of applied science (Pickering 1995).)

Archaeology, of course, has always been a hybrid discipline with certain aspects of practice grounded in the world of craft and others in the world of industrial (and increasingly post-industrial) practice. Michael Shanks and others have shown that archaeology, “has never been modern” or at least entirely modern as it integrates industrial and pre-industrial practices (Shanks and Maguire 1995; Shanks 2012). Recent efforts to champion the use of digital tools within archaeology have tended, however, at least on the practical level, to celebrate their ability to improve the aspects of archaeological work that tend not to align with industrial paradigms such interpretative description, scientific illustration, and the careful study of excavated artifacts. This suggests to me that the quest to improve efficiency in archaeological practice extends equally to modern and pre-modern practices in the discipline.

Illich’s and Ellul’s critiques of technology fit only awkwardly with much recent scholarship, of course. Efficiency itself has become increasingly regarded as a problematic term deeply embedded in practice and the coincidence of human and material agency (e.g. Shove 2017). Bruno Latour and others have demonstrated that any effort to unpack the complexity of energy in any system — social, mechanical, environmental, et c. — requires abstract acts of purification that define and separate energy and effects from their complex network of entangled relationships and practices (Latour 1993; Shove 2017, 7-8). This work, on the one hand, echos recent studies of both ancient and modern technology that have challenged tradition views of agency and argued that objects and individuals co-create the world. This greater attention to the interaction between individuals and objects has provided a compelling theoretical framework for understanding the interplay of technology, tools, objects, and agency in the construction of archaeological knowledge.

On the other hand, this work has only just begun, I suspect, to inform the thriving conversation on the impact of digital tools on the organization of archaeological practice (although see Pickering 1995; Taylor et al. 2018), the nature of archaeological skills and expertise, and issues of archaeological preservation and publication (Huggett 2017). In fact, changing views of agency in the world have created new views of ethics in archaeological practice as well as in the social organization of discipline (e.g. Dawdy 2016). Perhaps this entangled view of the world gives the work of Illich and Ellul new relevance for archaeologist concerned with the social issue of disciplinary practice across the field.

The Archaeology News Network

Missing bones and our understanding of ancient biodiversity

Fossils come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from isolated fragments of bones and teeth to complete skeletons. Mosasaurs are known from thousands of fossils, and they come in many shapes and sizes, including complete skeletons and individual teeth [Credit: Tom Stubbs and Dan Driscoll]Palaeontologists face an important question, 'does the quality of fossil skeletons impact our understanding of biodiversity patterns in the...

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Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

Angkor exhibition at Asian Civilisations Museum extended till July 29

via The Straits Times, 09 July 2018: Lifestyle News -SINGAPORE – The Asian Civilisations Museum (ACM) has extended its exhibition Angkor: Exploring Cambodia’s Sacred City by a week till July 29, 2018.. Read more at Source: Angkor exhibition at Asian Civilisations Museum extended till July 29, Lifestyle News & Top Stories – The Straits … Continue reading "Angkor exhibition at Asian Civilisations Museum extended till July 29"

Jim Davila (

Trip to Hadrian's Wall

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Do you want a libation with that?

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

#CFP The Good Place and Philosophy

Yes! So exciting to see this call for abstracts on the Popular Culture and Philosophy blog! Contributors are welcome to submit abstracts on any topic of philosophical interest that pertains to The Good Place. The focus of this collection is, specifically, philosophical topics in The Good Place, but papers that connect to other work by […]

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

In their former glory

via The Nation, 07 July 2018: A recent waking tour of Bangkok’s Front Palace (Wang Na) area. A recent walking tour took in the architectural wonders that once formed part of the Front Palace Source: In their former glory – The Nation

Jim Davila (

Davies on (mental) biblical maps

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The Archaeology News Network

Indigenous peoples own or manage at least one quarter of world's land surface

Indigenous Peoples have ownership, use and management rights over at least a quarter of the world's land surface according to a new study published this week in the journal Nature Sustainability. Indigenous Peoples have ownership, use and management rights over at least a quarter of the world's land surface according to a new study published this week in the journal Nature Sustainability [Credit: Joan De La Malla]The 38 million...

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Jim Davila (

Stern obituary

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The Archaeology News Network

Thawing permafrost microbiomes fuel climate change

A University of Queensland-led international study could lead to more accurate predictions or the rate of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the next 100 years. Stordalen Mire study site. The biogeochemistry hut is connected to autochambers, allowing measurements of gas flux [Credit: Caitlin Singleton]The study of the microorganisms involved in permafrost carbon degradation links changing...

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Elena Cano (Γνωθι τους αλλους)

El más antiguo testimonio del alfabeto griego

Inscripción de  Dípilo 740 a.C., sobre una vasija del periodo geométrico hallada en Atenas  (Mus. Nat. inv. 192) 
 hος νῦν ὀρχεστôν πάντον ἀταλότατα παίζει,
τô τόδε κλ[.]μιν[...]

el que ahora baila de todos con más ligereza,
para ese (este premio)  ...

The Archaeology News Network

Antimatter plasma reveals secrets of deep space signals

Mysterious radiation emitted from distant corners of the galaxy could finally be explained with efforts to recreate a unique state of matter that blinked into existence in the first moments after the Big Bang. Mysterious radiation emitted from pulsars - like this one shown leaving a long tail of debris as it races through the Milky Way - have puzzled astronomers for decades [Credit: NASA]For 50 years, astronomers have puzzled over...

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Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia

Earlier this month, a fascinating paper was published in Science about the genetic origins of Southeast Asian populations. Analysis of genomes from 25 ancient samples reveal that rather the neither of the existing theories (hunter-gathering Hoabinhians, or agriculturalists from China) are correct, and that there are four ancient populations the form the basis of all … Continue reading "The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia"

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Il grande restauro. l'"Ultima Cena" di Giulio Cesare Procaccini


Nel mese di novembre dell'anno scorso l'Ultima cena, la grande tela di Giulio Cesare Procaccini, dopo 3 anni di restauro e 2 tesi di laurea dedicate al suo recupero, ha lasciato il laboratorio di tele e tavole del Centro e, in seguito alla presentazione nella mostra "L'Ultimo Caravaggio. Eredi e nuovi maestri" (Gallerie d'Italia, Milano), è tornata nel suo luogo di origine, la Basilica della Santissima Annunziata del Vastato di Genova.

Compitum - publications

J. Robinson Telg genannt Kortmann, Hannibal ad portas Silius Italicus, ‚Punica‘ 12,507–752


Jan Robinson Telg genannt Kortmann, Hannibal ad portas Silius Italicus, ‚Punica‘ 12,507–752. Einleitung, Übersetzung und Kommentar, Heidelberg, 2018.

Éditeur : Universitätsverlag Winter
Collection : Wissenschaftliche Kommentare zu griechischen und lateinischen Schriftstellern
405 pages
ISBN : 978-3-8253-6868-5
78 €

In seinem historischen Epos ‚Punica‘ präsentiert Silius Italicus mit dem Zweiten Punischen Krieg ein entscheidendes Stadium römischer Vergangenheit: Bevor die Römer den harten Kampf gegen die Karthager letztlich siegreich beenden konnten und so ihren Weg zur Weltmacht ebneten, erlebten sie eine größtmögliche Gefährdung der eigenen Existenz.
Ein fest im kollektiven Gedächtnis verankertes Ereignis, das repräsentativ für diese Krise steht, ist die drohende Annäherung des karthagischen Heerführers an Roms Stadtmauern: ‚Hannibal ad portas‘.
Der vorliegende Kommentar analysiert erstmals im Detail, wie außergewöhnlich Silius diese wegweisende Episode römischer Geschichte in den Versen 507–752 seines zwölften Buchs in Szene setzt. Vor der historiographischen Tradition, in kreativer Auseinandersetzung mit dem epischen Kontinuum und in stetem Dialog mit dem eigenen Text konnte er die Geschehnisse vor der Stadt publikumswirksam erweitern und nach den narrativen Gestaltungsmustern des Epos neu prägen.


Source : Universitätsverlag Winter

The Archaeology News Network

How glacial biomarkers can hone the search for extraterrestrial life

Detecting biomarkers in glacial lakes on Earth could pave the way for astrobiologists to detect evidence for life on other worlds, and also unravel the properties of the environments in which that life lived. Laguna Negra in the Chilean Andes is a glacial lake that contains the remains of ancient life and is exposed to ultraviolet light [Credit: Wamba Wambez/WikiCommons]High in the Andes Mountains in Chile, unrelenting...

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Astronomers find a famous exoplanet's doppelgänger

When it comes to extrasolar planets, appearances can be deceiving. Astronomers have imaged a new planet, and it appears nearly identical to one of the best studied gas-giant planets. But this doppelgänger differs in one very important way: its origin. Direct Wircam image of 2MASS 0249 system taken wiht CFHT's infrared camera WIRCam. 2MASS 0249c is located 2000 astronomical units from the host brown dwarfs that are unresolved in this...

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Per Lineam Valli

The Roman Army A to Z: hibernacula

hibernacula (n. pl.)

Structures in a hiberna. Sometimes also interpreted as a hybrid camp with sheltered tented accommodation. Livy 5.2.1; Tac., Ann. 2.23; CIL VIII, 2532. [Johnson 1983]

The Roman Army A to Z: hiberna

hiberna (f. pl.)

Winter quarters, identifiable with what are now called ‘forts’ and ‘fortresses’. Veg., DRM 2.11. See also castra hiberna [Johnson 1983]

The Roman Army A to Z: hemistrigium

hemistrigium (n. pl. hemistrigia)

The width allotted for a centuria in a fortification, 30 Rft (8.88m). DMC 1. [Johnson 1983]

Tom Matrullo (Ovid's Metamorphoses)

The Classicist and the Ovid-citing supremacists

In an interview on "To the Best of Our Knowledge," the editor of the classics journal Eidolon takes on USian white supremacists who cite Ovid's Ars Amatoria as precedent and support for their view of male patriarchal power

Donna Zuckerberg, who also teaches at Stanford, talks about how she encountered threatening pushback for taking on this ham-handed appropriation of ancient authorities by contemporary ideologues, many of whom fetishize Nazism.

In the brief conversation with the program's host, Zuckerberg notes that she loves Ovid and allows that he's neither simple nor direct, in fact he's rather nuanced and complex. This nine-minute conversation, however, which isn't focused on the poet, leads to the categorizing of the book as a pick-up artist's manual -- the very trope the poet is using to expose the hilarious pretensions of matchbook-course experts on Amor.

Reading a passage in which the Praeceptor avers that women love to be taken by force, Zukerberg verges dangerously close to taking the poet at face value in the very way she faults the supremacist readers for doing. Predicting a vein of unimaginative male discourse doesn't qualify one as a prophet, but neither does it convict one of the dastardliness foretold.

Zuckerberg knows Ovid is a complex poetic craftsman. The problem with those who cite his "authority" on male-female relations is that his examination of desire in all its self-contradiction makes it quite clear that both sexes are equally the playthings of Amor, and the games played, the intricate commerce of sexual relations, do not rely on any a priori assumptions about male power and female inferiority. Indeed, there would be nothing to talk about if Amor rested on a fixed hierarchy of the sexes.

Ovid teaches us by putting into lively verse an entire dictionary of memes and cliches about love. What people say -- including Trumpian lockerroom trash about women liking to be forced -- is part of the poet's subject. It doesn't make the poet a one-sided USian white supremacist.

One might argue that Ovid's lucidity about the impossibility of his own pretended enterprise -- that there is such a thing as an "art" of love -- is fundamentally incompatible with the meathead sensibility of one who would extract from his lively and witty text a reading as ponderously dull as that of these wannabe classicizing supremacists.

That sort of fatuity is as far from Ovid as it is from the author of Bouvard et Pecuchet and the Le Dictionnaire des idées reçues. Whether there is any common ground upon which to discuss the Ars Amatoria with the Bouvards of white USian Nazism is a question best left for another moment.

For her efforts, Zuckerberg earned threats of brutal violence to herself and her family. The gap between the literal and the literary reading of a text can be a perilous one, as this text's own author was to learn.

July 15, 2018

The Archaeology News Network

Carved stone in Inner Mongolia said to be nearly 7,700 years old

Archaeologists have discovered a face-like sandstone carving in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region that crystal analysis has determined to be nearly 7,700 years old. A prehistoric human face stone carving, which is believed to be over 7,000 years old, has been discovered  in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, north China [Credit: Inner Mongolia Daily]The figure - 65 centimeters tall and 57 cm wide - was found in Chifeng's...

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New temples, stones found in Turkey’s Göbeklitepe site

Archaeologists have discovered new temples and standing stones in Göbeklitepe, an archaeological site located in Turkey’s southeastern Şanlıurfa province. Credit: Anadolu AgencyIn an interview with state-run Anadolu Agency, Mehmet Önal, the head of the Archaeology Department at Harran University in Şanlıurfa, said at least 15 more mega-monumental temples and more than 200 standing stones were discovered as part of geophysical surveys...

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BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 2

Egyptian archaeologists announced the discovery of a mummification workshop, a gilded silver mask, and much more at the Saqqara necropolis of Memphis.

A sealed Ptolemaic-era sarcophagus has been discovered in Alexandria.

A museum in Alexandra, Egypt found a hidden space with pots and urns dating to the Greek, Roman, Coptic, and Islamic eras.

Two Old-Kingdom-period homes have been discovered near the Giza pyramids.

The June issue of the Newsletter of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities reports on archaeological discoveries, repatriated antiquities, and various other items.

13 verses of Homer's Odyssey, possibly the earliest known copy, was found near Olympia in southern Greece.

A 3-D composition bust of Julius Caesar was unveiled by researchers at The Rijksmuseum van Oudheden.

A marble replica of the Winged Victory of Samothrace will be erected on the island this summer.

25,000 Greek and Roman illegally trafficked artifacts, worth $46 million, were recently seized in a raid across four nations.

Current Archaeology posts a response to the recent challenge to Carbon-14 dating in Iron Age Israel.

The latest issue of Atiqot is now online. Past issues are available here.

The J. Paul Getty Museum has acquired an illuminated medieval Hebrew manuscript known as the Rothschild Pentateuch.

Mark Hoffman has created a video from his explorations of the Via Egnatia between Neapolis, Philippi, Amphipolis, and Apollonia.

Carl Rasmussen’s ride in the back of the plane resulted in the opportunity to take some nice aerial photos of Istanbul.

HT: Joseph Lauer, Agade, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, ANE-2, Explorator

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Foundation for Archaeological Research of the Land of Israel: Ancient Pottery Database

 [First posted in AWOL 28 November 2013, updated 14 July 2018]

 Foundation for Archaeological Research of the Land of Israel: Ancient Pottery Database
FARLI, The Foundation for Archaeological Research in the Land of Israel (RA), was founded on November 10th, 2009, as a non-profit organization aiming to advance and promote  archaeological research in Israel, support archaeological projects, help preserve and develop archaeological and heritage sites, develop and promote new technological tools in the service of archaeology, and support research concerning the archaeology and history of the southern Levant.

In this spirit FARLI founded this site, aiming to become a valuable tool for archaeologists, archaeology students and archaeology enthusiasts world wide. Here you will find a growing database of ancient pottery assemblages, divided into the regions and periods in which they were found, subdivided into type categories including all the valuable information we can provide such as; a list of archaeological sites in which they were found, special features, measurements and a bibliographical reference.

The main focus of this site will be on the pottery of the Southern Levant, with special emphasis on the pottery of the Holy Land throughout the periods. However we aim to develop this site to include other geographical regions in the Ancient Near East complete with their own unique chronology.

If you wish to help us with additional data please send the material to:

FARLI is a non-profit organization and needs your support to continue operating. If you wish to contribute to us please follow this link or the link appearing on the left. We thank you and hope you will find this site both enjoyable and enriching.

Open Access Journal: Journal des Savants

 [First posted in AWOL 23 February 2011. Updated 15 July 2018]

Journal des Savants
eISSN: 1775-383X
482 Issues
5104 documents
Fondé en 1665, le Journal des Savants est le plus ancien journal littéraire d’Europe. À la charge de l’Académie des Inscriptions et des Belles Lettres depuis 1909, le Journal des Savants accueille des articles originaux marquant des avancées significatives dans les disciplines relevant de sa compétence, tant en raison de leurs résultats que pour l’aspect nouveau de leur méthode.

Available periods  :













Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

Herzlich Willkommen

am CSEL (Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum),
einer Arbeitsstelle der Universität Salzburg (FB Altertumswissenschaften)
zur Edition und Erforschung lateinischer patristischer Texte.

Jim Davila (

Coins galore!

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Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

UK Metal Detecting: The Blogs

With some 27000 of them in England and wales alone, according to Sam Hardy, it is interesting to note how few metal detector using artefact hunters ('passionately interested in history') are actually blogging about that passion. Seeing as their discussions on forums demonstrate that few of them can  cope with texts longer than seven sentences anyway, perhaps that is not surprising. If anyone would like me to add any they know of, please comment.

Addicted to Bleeps (discontinued?) Kris Rodgers
Andy's treasure hunting cafe and metal detecting blog Andy Baines
Aurelia's Metal Detecting, One Woman and her Deus
Detecting and Collecting John Howland
Digging History/Detecting Blackpool (Discontinued)
Janner53`s Metal Detecting Blog (invited readers only)
John Brassey Notes from Retirement
John Winter John Winter
The Daily Detectorist (discontinued)
The Detectorist Metal Detector Reviews Site
The Ogley Dirt Farmer wozelbeak, 

  • 'The Complexities of Metal Detecting Policy and Practice' (4): Summing up the 'Contribution' of the Ixelles Six

    The three monkeys well represent the
    standpoint of the Gang of Ixelles Six 
    It is time to sum up the unfortunate response by six academics to a recent text by Sam Hardy. The Ixelles Six, Deckers, Dobat Ferguson, Heeren, Lewis and Thomas wrote their 'The Complexities of Metal Detecting Policy and Practice' seemingly to trash some of Hardy's arguments and conclusions. Here it is worth reminding that the most important of Hardy's conclusions, in the context of the heritage debate, is that in countries with 'liberal' heritage protection (I use the term loosely) legislation, the approach adopted to 'deal with' the damage done to archaeological sites by recording findspots of loose artefacts is not working. In the case of the situation in England and Wales (as the Gang of Six themselves note, p. 326), the area from which Hardy had best access to data, Sam Hardy has this to say:
    in England and Wales, licit detectorists recover perhaps 2,163,189 recordable objects in one year (Table 27), while they report an average of 83,795 objects [...] so perhaps 2,079,394 (96.13% of) recordable objects are not reported; illicit detectorists recover perhaps 310,332 recordable objects (Table 26), none of which is reported accurately, though some of those may be laundered by being reported inaccurately. Hence, within this permissive regulatory environment, it appears that licit detectorists cause far more licit cultural harm than illicit detectorists commit criminal damage. [...]  
    The first point to be made is that the six heritage professionals writing a response to the text which comes to that shocking conclusion consistently ignore that fundamental point. Instead they focus on side issues such as how a 'liberal approach' to the damage caused by Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record could be a good (pp 328-330) thing, the length of the 'detecting season' in Canada and Finland (p. 327), and lamenting (p. 326) that Hardy did not discuss Poland or France and insisting that a jolly good idea would be to look at the amount of land available for detecting (sic) in different countries (p. 325). The problem however is right under their noses, and they shut their eyes, ears to it and refuse to speak about this enormous elephant standing right in the middle of the room.

    Six academics distracted from what is important (Mark Bryan)
    The figures Hardy produces show that the problem is greater than the PAS has estimated (perhaps 63.6% unreported reportable artefacts), and bigger than the Heritage Action Artefact Erosion Counter (over 72.5%). Hardy's realistic and still-unfalsified estimate is that at least 96.13% of artefact-hunted artefacts found with a metal detector (alone) are disappearing into collectors' pockets without any kind of record. Deckers, Dobat Ferguson, Heeren, Lewis and Thomas (p. 324) may claim that this is 'not damage' or 'zero gain', but I think the rest of us can see if journalists would report that 96% of students and staff of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel who went into the local hospital for minor surgery (ingrowing toenails, boob jobs etc) died there, that would not 'zero gain' but a national scandal that needs to be investigated and changes made. So why not here? Why are these academics silent on this? This is knowledge theft on a massive scale, yet the six academics are totally ignoring it, and offset it with some wishy-washy alleged 'benefits' of allowing this to happen (pp 328-330). Why?

     One factor is that Prof. Deckers invited as one of the collaborating authors of this article the Head of the very same Portable Antiquities Scheme that is failing, according to Hardy's figures, to cope with the problem that it was set up to manage. He is the head of an organization charged with telling the British public about precisely these portable antiquities issues, and explaining to them why this knowledge theft is indefensible. Not only does his PAS refuse to do that, as I have shown not once in this blog, it actually give the public and lawmakers the opposite message. Is Mike Lewis in a position to address Hardy's conclusions objectively? Should he have been co-opted to a group of authors who jolly well should be doing precisely that (what do we have academics for anyway)?

    In their 'way forward' (pp 330-331) what we do not notice is any suggestion of the Ixelles Six that public opinion needs to be informed of these issues. Yet they, not a minority of metal detector users and coin fondlers (or stubbornly-entrenched academics), are the main stakeholders. The Ixelles Six seem to treat the issues addressed by Hardy as an ivory tower matter, a subject for grant applications so they and their academic mates can collect numbers, do some transnational networking and travelling, and churn out more papers on how 'complex' this whole matter is.

    It is not complex. Figures have just been published that suggest that under the noses of PAS and all of us, and especially in England and Wales (let alone Scotland), there is massive undocumented depletion of the archaeological record at the hand of greedy artefact collectors. What is 'complicated' in that messers Deckers, Dobat, Ferguson, Heeren, Lewis and Thomas ? Eh? Why did you not discuss this properly? What are you afraid of? The grant money running out?

    What is also missing from the 'Way forward' envisaged by the Ixelles Six is the clear statement that we need broad-based and objective scholarship that considers the issue of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record in its wider contexts, as part of that global demand for portably-pocketable pieces of the past, and the (real) conservation issues involved (and I'm not talking about that glib 'ploughsoil-rescue' myth of theirs). What we do not need is the pro-collector fluffy verbiage and repetition of tired 'discovery'-orientated mantra-arguments that have dominated the discussion recently (most of it inspired by the existence and fake-news 'propaganda of success' of the PAS).

    Yes we need more quantitative data on the model of Hardy's paper. And we need it right now, as artefact hunting with metal detectors leaves its fourth destructive decade for its fifth. Yes, we need to use these figures to influence public opinion, make antiquity hunting and collecting the new fur-wearing. We need to get lawmakers to treat this seriously and develop means of regulation of this destruction (site/project-related permits?) and the development of suitable legislation to channel this 'interest in history' into something that can be sustainably managed.  And yes, this will include using  'organizations and national and local authorities responsible for engaging with metal detectorists' [and other artefact collectors and sellers]' (p. 331) to do some 'ground truthing'. What is really irritating is that when it comes to the PAS, active for twenty years now at an average all told of upwards of 1.5 million quid thrown annually at it (for those 3% records!), that we do not already have a comprehensive report on detecting practices and all we have is a scattering of student theses and Robbins and Bland's text, which falls short of the mark of what is actually required. Where  are the results in objective scientific description terms of twenty years of PAS liaison and 'partnership'. Where is the sociology and ethnology of artefact hunting and collecting in England and Wales we should be now have as a result?  And Scotland?

    Where after twenty years of liaison and 'partnership' is public opinion and the academic community presented (by the organizations and national and local authorities responsible for engaging with metal detector using artefact hunters) with  'sophisticated, testable algorithms that express the impact of legislation and policy on public interaction with heritage'? Why is it up to people like Sam Hardy to produce one and then face the unfair and unbalanced criticism of people like Mike Lewis and the Ixelles pro-collecting gang who've not yet had the nous to achieve it (apparently because it's 'too complex'?) themselves. The six can snap at the ankles of somebody who tries, pontificate about how 'complex' it is, but do not attempt to offer anything substantial in the place of the efforts they so facilely dismiss.

    And this is important not only for the reason of the destruction of the archaeological record at the hands of greedy collectors which these people are turning a blind eye to. They claim that the destruction 'does not matter' as archaeological data are generated as a result. What they fail to note is that one of the key elements of Dr Hardy's reasoning is the information from surveys carried out among Britisjh detectorists by Katherine Robbins. That they do not notice that and harp on about 'Marc 2004' is not surprising, given their all-too-obvious bias. What actually is important  in the question of whether information from collectors can be used as a basis for any kind of serious research is the question Robbins was addressing: ' From past to present: Understanding the impact of samplingbias on data recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme (unpublished PhD thesis). University of SouthamptonSouthampton. Robbins thought there were 12,415 detectorists in England and Wales (v. 1, p. 85 n52), less than half of what Hardy estimates - so what kind of  totally unreprsentative 'data' are the PAS creating in fact? One would expect the Ixelles Six to have been interested in addressing that question. 

     Finally, if we are talking about what England and Wales must do to end and STOP the spread of this  plague, I really do not see how 'comparing countries' will help. It is not really important how Nazi Germany and Mubarak's Egypt (or Saddam's Iraq) solved this problem, the social conditions are different (as the events after Egypt's 2011 'revolution' showed, very specific to a particular system). What is important is, for example, how Britain deals with the problem that Britain has. And Hardy's figures show that Britain has a huge problem with its artefact hunters and collectors. Huge and unresolved. I do not think that Poland need pay any attention to what Britain has or has not achieved in this area because Poland is not Britain, Poles are not British and Polish metal detectors may use the same machines as their British counterparts, but in a totally different way. Transnational approaches can only work if we all speak the same language, but all the Ixelles Six have shown is that they all only all only speak PAS-talk.

    When Britain has been kicked out of Europe and no longer counts here, and the PAS is underfunded out of existence and we can start talking about site preservation without their pernicious interference, then we may be able to have a proper grown-up trans-national dialogue. But at the moment, the Ixelles Six have shown, we are not yet ready for it.

    Jim Davila (

    Enoch obsession

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    So much Psalms of Solomon!

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    Review of Orlov, Yahoel and Metatron

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    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Misunderstanding Right vs. Wrong

    Some thoughts from physicist and theologian Karl Giberson: As many of my FB friends know, I have been struggling to understand how and why evangelical Christians have become unable to make moral judgments when it comes to the Trump administration. I think I am starting to get a part of the answer based on some […]

    July 14, 2018

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Mummy Wearing Gold-Gilded Face Mask Discovered at Ancient Egypt Burial Ground

    A silver face mask gilded with gold, a mummification workshop, mummies and sarcophagi have all been...

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    A few months of interesting links

    For some months I’ve been collecting bits and pieces.  Mostly I have nothing much to add, but they shouldn’t be lost.

    Cool 9th century manuscript online as PDF

    Via Rick Brannan I learn that a downloadable PDF of the Greek-Latin St Gall 9th century manuscript of Paul’s letters is online and can be downloaded as a single PDF:

    Note the link on this page where you can download a PDF of what appears to be the entire Codex Boernerianus. It is beautiful.

    And so you can.  It’s at the SLUB in Dresden here, where it has the shelfmark A.145.b.  It also contains Sedulius Scottus, I gather.

    Nice to see the interlinear, isn’t it?

    Codex Trecensis of Tertullian online

    A correspondent advised me that the Codex Trecensis of the works of Tertullian has appeared online in scanned microfilm form at the IRHT.  Rubbish quality, but far better than nothing.  The ms is here.  De Resurrectione Carnis begins on 157r and ends on 194r.  De Baptismo begins on folio 194r and ends on 200v.  De Paenitentia begins on folio 200v.

    Saints lives = Christian novels?

    A review at BMCR by Elisabeth Schiffer of Stratis Papaioannou, Christian Novels from the ‘Menologion’ of Symeon Metaphrastes. Dumbarton Oaks medieval library, 45. Harvard University Press, 2017, caught my eye.   This contains 6 lives from Metaphrastes collection.

    Even though hagiographical texts are among the most frequently translated Byzantine sources, little effort has been made so far to translate parts of Symeon Metaphrastes’ Menologion. This is primarily due to the generally unfortunate editorial situation of these texts: They are transmitted relatively standardized, but in a vast number of liturgical manuscripts.

    In addition to summarizing the status of research on Symeon’s rewriting enterprise, Papaioannou explains in his introduction why he calls the texts in focus “Christian novels.” It is not unproblematic to apply this modern term, as he himself states, but he decided to do so because of the fictionality of these narratives and because of their resemblances to the late antique Greek novel. When saying this, it is important to emphasize—as Papaioannou explicitly does—that these texts of novelistic character were not understood as such by their audience. On the contrary, the Byzantines regarded these texts as relating true stories, written for edification and liturgical purposes (see pp. xiv-xviii).

    It’s an interesting review of a neglected area of scholarship where the tools for research – editions and translations – are not available.

    Full-text of the Greek Sibylline Oracles online for free

    Annette Y Reed broke the story on Twitter: it’s J. Geffcken, Die Oracula Sibyllina, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1902, which has turned up at here.   A useful transcription, rather than the original book, is also online here.

    All known mss in the Bodleian library – detailed in online catalogue

    Ben Albritton on Twitter shares:

    This is awesome – “This catalogue provides descriptions of all known Western medieval manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, and of medieval manuscripts in selected Oxford colleges (currently Christ Church).” Sharing ICYMI too.

    It also has direct links to the for Greek mss!

    Where did the Byzantine text of the New Testament come from?

    Peter Gurry at the ETC blog asks the question, and suggests that Westcott and Hort are no longer the authorities to consult.

    How to respond to politically motivated persecution

    Since the election of President Trump I have noted on Twitter a new form of anti-Christian posting.  There has been an endless stream of anti-Christian jeering online, demanding “how dare you support Trump”?  It is surreal to see how people who hate Christians suddenly have become expert theologians on what Jesus would do.  Thankfully a certain Kurt Schlichter writes *Sigh* No, Being A Christian Does Not Require You Meekly Submit To Leftist Tyranny:

    Everyone seems to want to tell Christians that they are obligated to give in. There’s always some IPA-loving hipster who writes video game reviews when he’s not sobbing alone in the dark because no one loves him tweeting “Oh, that’s real Christian!” whenever a conservative fights back. I know that when I need theological clarification, I seek out the militant atheist who thinks Christ was a socialist and believes that the Golden Rule is that Christians are never allowed to never offend anyone.

    It’s a good article, and sadly necessary in these horribly politicised times.  It’s worth remembering that, were times different, rightists would most certainly adopt the same lofty lecturing tone.

    A quote for pastors from St Augustine

    Timothy P. Jones posted on twitter:

    “If I fail to show concern for the sheep that strays, the sheep who are strong will think it’s nothing but a joke to stray and to become lost. I do desire outward gains–but I’m more concerned with inward losses” (Augustine of Hippo).

    Queried as to the source, he wrote:

    It’s from Sermon 46 by Augustine–the entire message is an outstanding exposition of what it means to be a shepherd of God’s people…. I translated the above from thisHere’s a good English translation as well.

    Artificial Intelligence in the Vatican Archives

    I knew it.  It’s alive!!!

    Well, not quite.  This is a piece in the Atlantic, Artificial Intelligence Is Cracking Open the Vatican’s Secret Archives: A new project untangles the handwritten texts in one of the world’s largest historical collections:

    That said, the VSA [Vatican Secret Archives] isn’t much use to modern scholars, because it’s so inaccessible. Of those 53 miles, just a few millimeters’ worth of pages have been scanned and made available online. Even fewer pages have been transcribed into computer text and made searchable. If you want to peruse anything else, you have to apply for special access, schlep all the way to Rome, and go through every page by hand.

    But a new project could change all that. Known as In Codice Ratio, it uses a combination of artificial intelligence and optical-character-recognition (OCR) software to scour these neglected texts and make their transcripts available for the very first time.

    They’ve found a way around the limitations of OCR by using stroke recognition instead of letter recognition.  They open-sourced the manpower by getting students (who didn’t know Latin) to input sample data, and started getting results.

    All early days, but … just imagine if we could really read the contents of our archives!

    Kazakhstan abandons Cyrillic for Latin-based alphabet

    Via SlashDot I read:

    The Central Asian nation of Kazakhstan is changing its alphabet from Cyrillic script to the Latin-based style favored by the West. The change, announced on a blustery Tuesday morning in mid-February, was small but significant — and it elicited a big response. The government signed off on a new alphabet, based on a Latin script instead of Kazakhstan’s current use of Cyrillic, in October. But it has faced vocal criticism from the population — a rare occurrence in this nominally democratic country ruled by Nazarbayev’s iron fist for almost three decades. In this first version of the new alphabet, apostrophes were used to depict sounds specific to the Kazakh tongue, prompting critics to call it “ugly.” The second variation, which Kaipiyev liked better, makes use of acute accents above the extra letters. So, for example, the Republic of Kazakhstan, which would in the first version have been Qazaqstan Respy’bli’kasy, is now Qazaqstan Respyblikasy, removing the apostrophes.

    The article at SlashDot instinctively opposed a change, which can only benefit every single Kazakhstani, by making a world of literature accessible.  Ataturk did the same, and for the same reason.

    Tell Google that a book is in the public domain

    Sometimes Google misclassifies books.  But there is a way to tell it that actually the book is public domain.  The Google link is here.  From It’s surprisingly easy to make government records public on Google Books:

    While working on a recent story about hate speech spread by telephone in the ’60s and ’70s, I came across an interesting book that had been digitized by Google Books. Unfortunately, while it was a transcript of a Congressional hearing, and therefore should be in the public domain and not subject to copyright, it wasn’t fully accessible through Google’s archive….

    But, as it turns out, Google provides a form where anyone can ask that a book scanned as part of Google Books be reviewed to determine if it’s in the public domain. And, despite internet companies sometimes earning a mediocre-at-best reputation for responding to user inquiries about free services, I’m happy to report that Google let me know within a week after filling out the form that the book would now be available for reading and download.

    What does it mean to speak of an authorial/original/initial form of a Scriptural writing when faced with tremendous complexity in the actual data itself?

    Back at ETC blog, Peter Gurry discusses this with Greg Lanier here.

    Some of the difficulty, one senses, is because the interaction of the divine with an imperfect world is always inherently beyond our ability to understand.  It requires revelation, which is not supplied in this case.

    And with that, I think I’ve dealt with a bunch of interesting stories which didn’t deserve a separate post.  Onward!

    The Archaeology News Network

    Discovery of new petroglyph site set to rewrite Qatar’s ancient past

    Qatar Museums (QM) has announced the discovery of a formerly unknown petroglyph site in the centre of the Qatari Peninsula. Credit: Gulf TimesThe newly discovered site is spread across an area of around 15 hectares, making it the second largest rock carving site in the country after Al Jassasiya. This is the first time that a site of this kind is discovered away from Qatar’s coasts, thereby completely transforming the current...

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    Jim Davila (

    Back from Hadrian's Wall

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    The Archaeology News Network

    More on Mummies, embalming equipment discovered south of Pyramid of Unas in Egypt's Saqqara

    In an international press conference at Saqqara necropolis, Minister of Antiquities Dr.Khaled El-Enany announces the discovery of a Mummification Workshop along with a communal burial place, uniquely has several burial chambers, dating to the Saite-Persian Period (664-404 BC) during excavation work carried out by an Egyptian-German mission from the Tübingen University South of king Unas Pyramid in Saqqara. General view shows the site...

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    Jim Davila (

    More mosaics from Huqoq!

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    Jim Davila (

    The Talmud on disqualified sacrifices

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    BiblePlaces Blog

    Weekend Roundup, Part 1

    Archaeologists working at et-Tell (aka Bethsaida) have been uncovering an 11th-10th century BC wall with towers this season.

    The excavation season has concluded at el-Araj (aka Bethsaida) and daily updates have been posted here. An excerpt from the last day: “This year we demonstrated that the settlement was widespread, and not limited to a small area. This was no mean city. What began around 30 CE as Herod Philip's transformation of a Jewish fishing village into a polis, evolved over the centuries into a wealthy community.”

    Excavations this summer at Huqoq revealed mosaics in the synagogue’s north aisle, including a scene of the Israelite spies, a youth leading an animal, and a fragmentary Hebrew inscription reading “Amen selah.”

    Archaeologists are drawing conclusions on Christian-Muslim relations in the 7th century on the basis of a brass weight discovered at Hippos (Sussita).

    The work at Tel Burna is still humming along.

    From Aren Maeir’s posts, the excavators at Gath keep having one great day after another.

    The wheeled cart depicted at the Capernaum synagogue is not the ark of the covenant.

    Sixteen images of Qumran taken by Philip R. Davies in 1970–71 are posted online.

    A new exhibit focused on life in New Testament times has opened in the Terra Sancta Museum in Jerusalem.

    A rare coin from the fourth year of the Jewish Revolt has been discovered in debris from the City of David.

    A complex rescue operation salvaged pottery from the Second Temple period in western Galilee.

    Israel’s Good Name visited the Carmel region, with stops at Ramat HaNadiv, the Carmel Caves, Dor HaBonim, Tel Dor, and more.

    The Temple Mount Sifting Project is running out of funds, and they now have a quadruple match grant.

    New: A Walk to Caesarea, by Joseph Patrich. (Available only in Israel, apparently.)

    Ephraim Stern’s life is remembered by Hillel Geva in the current issue of Biblical Archaeology Review.

    Ada Yardeni died recently.

    HT: Joseph Lauer, Agade, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, Mike Harney

    Geoff Carter (Theoretical Structural Archaeology)

    Understanding Hadrian's Wall at The Twice Brewed

    There is a deep and abiding connection between archaeology and the pub, so it is appropriate that I should be giving a series of presentations in The Twice Brewed Inn; archaeology is coming home.
    Understanding Hadrian’s Wall - a Mystery Solved 
    A Free Presentation
    5-6 pm Tuesdays & Thursdays
    The Tap Room  
    The Twice Brewed Inn, Bardon Mill, Hexham, 
    NE47 7AN 
    014346 344534
    So this is an ideal opportunity for anyone interested in Hadrian’s Wall to go to a pub with its own Brewery, and as I understand it, an almost infinite supply of beer, although it’s best to book if you want sit-down dinner. Sadly, anyone wishing to base their summer holiday around this opportunity has probably missed the bus as they are fully booked.
    It is an ideal venue to find people who have already made the not inconsiderable commitment to walking the Wall; while there is much to see and appreciate, visitors will find hard to get an coherent overview of this important World Heritage site.  Guide books will tell you about baths, barracks and where to find the naughty carvings, but will shy away from explaining the big picture for the simple reason there isn't one, at least one that is agreed upon or makes any sense in the real world. 
    This is the best kept secret of the Wall; the academic community has no coherent explanation of what happened on this frontier during the reign of Hadrian.
    Luckily, there is a local archaeologist on hand to help you understand The Wall, using computer modelling, engineering and soil science; the traditional Roman literary sources will still a mention, but it's surprising how much soil and how little Latin turns during an archaeological excavation.
    Pro bono archaeology 
    Giving a paper at a conference, one can take it as read that the participants know about the main pieces of the jigsaw and how they are currently arranged.
    However, in explaining the Wall to anyone who is interested, it is easy to take local knowledge for granted, and forget to explain small but important ideas.   As a result, my 1st real slide is a Wall 101 which has been generated by points made and questions asked by previous participants.
    However, the aim is a give an insight into the issues at the heart of Wall Studies, at a level that is normally only encountered at specialist academic conferences and postgraduate study.  I have also the particular problem of having to explain the Wall in terms the conventional academic narrative, ideas many people are not familiar with, – only to then debunk this framework point by point.  This is further complicated by the need to explain how we ended up with such a clearly dysfunctional set of ideas in first place.
    Equally, you never know who you are going to meet in The Twice Brewed; it is a pub, so there is a risk you may encounter stray academics, so the research and its presentation has to better than what is currently sold to students or there would be little point in me turning up.
    Realistically, what is being offered for free, has to be as good or better than what you are expected to pay for.  if you want to understand archaeology, ask an archaeologist; if you want to know how to teach, ask an academic.
    It is important that students of the subject appreciate this difference; the ability to read and remembering is different process from thinking, it being the latter, that forms the key skill set of an archaeologist.  There is no reason why this subject need be complicated or difficult; inaccessible vocabulary and ideas represent either an inability to communicate or a lack anything substantive to convey.
    Work in progress
     I spent much of a previous life training people in the use of specialist computer and telecommunications applications, sometimes it was the head of IT for a major corporation, sometimes it was someone just coming to terms with using The Mouse; in both cases the end product should be same, an appropriate understanding of the system.
    The presentation is called Understanding Hadrian’s Wall, because the aim or outcome is an understanding, a resolution of a puzzle, hence a Mystery Solved.
    From each interaction, I learning how to improve the presentation of these ideas, invariably adding information, which, usually, required the loss of something else or the production will reach feature length proportion.
    Since my last encounter with academic system at the Reading the Wall conference at Newcastle, it was subsequently made clear to me nothing I produce will ever be accepted by a university.  If, 10 years ago they were prepared dismissed my work as worthless without the courtesy of reading it first, realistically, they are going to bothered now; incorporated engineering and soil science in my PhD was always going to put beyond the ken our new intellectually streamlined Universities.
    Save ££££££ and £s
    I have been working on a book. In my circumstances, it would be pointless producing to product designed to be sold to the students [which I am judged incapable of teaching] and I am not prepared to dumb down to a level where it compatible the existing commercial narrative.
    Copying out other peoples research in your best handwriting is what is academics are for, archaeologists exist to recover and interpret data, converting soil and other materials into text so that scholars can understand it.
    The problem that I have encountered during background research is that peer review is a meaningless concept in a subject like archaeology; its academic method can encourage the constant reproduction of fundamentally inaccurate information that undermines the credibility of many worthy aspects of the enquiry.
    The presentations, which I started in May, have become an interactive way of developing a narrative structure to convey apparently complex ideas in an accessible and interesting way.
    I would like to thank those who have already taken the time to attend and interact; this has proved a very positive feedback loop allowing me to continuously improve the presentation.
    So, for just a little over an hour of your time, I can debunk for free an archaeological course that you would be charged hundreds, even thousands of pounds of real money for; Pro bono archaeology - why pay more?
    Mystery Stories
    Archaeology naturally lends its self to a mystery or detective narrative, which has the addition advantage of injecting a bit of tension and even jeopardy.
    However, while it is difficult to sustain, it does allow for a cast of characters to introduced, the Romans, Hadrian, Nepos, the Natives, even the landscape, and you can present the existing narrative as the open and shut case put forward by the local constabulary in chapter 1, soon to be demolished by subsequent revelations.
    The principle point of divergence from a detective narrative is the need to make viewer aware of their own preconceptions and expectations, rather than manipulating them in the interests of the plot.
    There is a resolution, a mystery solved, but it is not a plot twist, and the coming revelation should be evident a long way off.  It involves a detailed examination of just three pieces of the puzzle, and ultimately debunks a couple of baseless [peer reviewed] myths, which is a generally positive contribution to knowledge, although it is clearly negative for those stakeholders with a commercial interest in merchandising the existing narrative, myths and all.
    So that’s Tuesdays and Thursdays at The Twice Brewed, between 5 – 6pm; you are guaranteed a presentation of quality content not available anywhere else – for Free …. And there is beer and good food, what more could you ask for...

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    ePSD2 Public Beta 1: The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary

    The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary
    Welcome to the new version of the electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary, ePSD2. Here we provide listings of over 12,000 Sumerian words, phrases and names, occurring in almost 100,000 distinct forms a total of over 2.27 million times in the corpus of texts indexed for the Dictionary. The corpus covers, directly or indirectly, about 100,000 of the 134,000+ known Sumerian texts.
    ePSD2 is organized as a glossary with a collection of subprojects providing the corpora. You can browse the subprojects and their individual glossaries, or you can work with the entire ePSD2 glossary and corpus by using the top-level ePSD2 project.
    ePSD2 is a work in progress--see the What's Next? page for further details.
    Here's a list of the things you can find here:

    Glossaries and Tools


    Open Access Journal: CADMO - Revista de História Antiga do Centro de História da Universidade de Lisboa

    CADMO - Revista de História Antiga do Centro de História da Universidade de Lisboa
    ISSN: 0871-9527
    eISSN: 2183-7937
    Iniciou no ano de 1991, com a publicação do seu primeiro número, a demanda de CADMO, sob esta forma de revista. Tal como para o herói lendário de Tiro que lhe deu nome, o Oriente era o seu ponto de partida e assumia-se como seu objecto científico específico, o mesmo Oriente que o nome fenício de Cadmo significava e que com esse nome era assumido e se proclamava como objecto de investigação científica e motivação historiográfica.

    Ao longo de um quarto de século que já leva percorrido, numerosos orientalistas nacionais e estrangeiros expuseram, nas suas páginas, investigações e leituras, tanto em português como noutras línguas. É o signo de Babel reassumido, mas, desta vez, restaurado, com uma clara intenção de convergência, para uma construção eficaz.

    As várias e antigas áreas do orientalismo pré-clássico, Egipto, Mesopotâmia, Pérsia, Síria, Palestina, Anatólia, bem como as vicissitudes de uma longa história humana que nos liga àuqelas paragens do Mediterrâneo oriental, todas foram objecto de tratamento, em análise pormenorizada ou em comentários de síntese mais aprofundada.

    A partir do seu número 16, entretanto, novos sonhos, novos interesses e novas apetências vieram proporcionar aos investigadores de História Antiga do Centro de História da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa a oportunidade de, à sombra do nome de Cadmo, não se sublinhar apenas o ponto de partida oriental com o seu estatuto de proto-civilização. Se a viagem de Cadmo demandava Europa, íntima e irmã, impunha-se valorizar igualmente o ponto de chegada e toda a sua riqueza de materiais históricos e culturais. Ao grupo de historiadores do mundo oriental pré-clássico veio juntar-se o dos historiadores do mundo clássico. Juntos reforçam agora grandemente a comitiva de Cadmo, principal grupo dinamizador da sua demanda por Europa.

    A este grupo local de dinamização anuíram em associar-se uma pléiade de prestigiados nomes de cientistas, nacionais e estrangeiros, pertencentes às mais variadas universidades irmãs e cúmplices no cultivo das matérias da História da Antiguidade. É com toda a gratidão que acolhemos o entusiasmo acrescido que a sua disponibilidade nos traz.

    A experiência e a satisfação já conseguida nestes anos de investigação comum fizeram-nos amadurecer para a consciência de que a associação aprofundada de ambas as matérias na historiografia da Antiguidade, a pré-clássica e a clássica, se justifica plenamente e não só pelo âmbito implicitamente definido nos dois principais momentos do itinerário de Cadmo, a partida e a chegada, representados por estes dois mundos. Hipotéticos incómodos de concorrência ou “inveja dos sábios”, no dizer de um provérbio hebraico, não nos causam inibição, pois nos move a certeza de que cada um destes mundos representa uma fonte primigénia e específica para dimensões patrimoniais complementares, que continuam a integrar e a marcar no essencial os conteúdos do nosso próprio devir histórico.
    Most Recent Issue: 26
    Table of contents
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    Soteriologia órfica
    Bernabé, Alberto
    Alexandre, o explorador de um mundo novo
    Silva, Maria de Fátima Sousa e
    Examining the design, style and layout of the inner coffin from A.60 in the Florence Egyptian Museum
    Sousa, Rogério
    Who is counting?: appreciating the peer, despising the other.: social relationships in Homeric communities from an alterity study
    Alvarez Rodriguez, Barbara
    Aquiles e Ájax: a `Poiesis´ da alteridade na Ânfora de Exéquias
    Figueira, Ana Rita
    Xanthippus of Laecedemonia: a foreign commander in the army of Carthage
    Dantas, Daniela
    Séneca e as artes liberais
    Ferreira, Paulo Sérgio Margarido
    Tra ombre e luci, ovvero del regresso e del progresso in Età Neroniana: prolegomena a uno studio interdisciplinare del principato di Nerone, alla luce del contributo filosofico senecano
    Montagna, Carlotta
    A Bíblia em Portugal
    Ramos, José Augusto
    [Recensão a] Stephanie Lynn Budin et Jean Macintosh Turfa, eds. (2016), Women in antiquity. Real women across the ancient world
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    [Recensão a] Maria Regina Cândido, org. (2012), Mulheres na Antiguidade
    Fernandes, Maria
    [Recensão a] Adrienne Mayor (2014), The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
    Magalhães, José Malheiro
    [Recensão a] Marília P. Futre Pinheiro, Anton Bierl, Roger Beck, eds. (2013), Intende, Lector – Echoes of Myth, Religion and Ritual in the Ancient Novel
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    [Recensão a] Laura Battini, ed. (2016), Making Pictures of War. Realia et Imaginaria in the Iconology of the Ancient Near east. (Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology 1)
    Ferreira, Eduardo
    [Recensão a] Martin Hose and David Schenker eds. (2016), A Companion to Greek Literature
    González González, Marta
    [Recensão a] Jan N. Bremmer (2014), Initiation into the Mysteries of the Ancient World
    Alampi, Marco
    [Recensão a] Jorge Deserto & Susana da Hora Marques Pereira, introdução, tradução e notas (2016), Estrabão. Geografia livro III
    Santos, Nídia Catorze
    [Recensão a] Lauren Caldwell (2015), Roman Girlhood and the Fashioning of Femininity
    Pinheiro, Cristina Santos
    [Recensão a] Loïc Borgies (2016), Le conflit propagandiste entre Octavien et Marc Antoine. De l’usage politique de la uituperatio entre 44 et 30 a. C. n.
    Valério, João Paulo Simões
    [Recensão a] Anna Anguissola (2010), Intimità a Pompei. Riservatezza, condivisione e prestigio negli ambienti ad alcove di Pompei
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    [Recensão a] Jaime Alvar (2012), Los Cultos Egipcios en Hispania
    Santos, Nídia Catorze
    [Recensão a] Matthias Becker (2016), Porphyrios, Contra Christianos. Neue Sammlung der Fragmente, Testimonien und Dubia mit Einleitung. Übersetzung und Anmerkungen (Texte und Kommentare 52)
    Ramos, José Augusto
    [Recensão a] Adele Reinhartz (2013), Bible and Cinema – An Introduction
    Cardoso, Filipe Paiva
    [Recensão a] Monica S. Cyrino & Meredith E. Safran, Eds. (2015), Classical Myth on Screen
    Diogo, Sílvia Catarina Pereira
    [Recensão a] Barbara Ryan & Milette Shamir, eds. (2016), Bigger than Ben-Hur. The Book, Its Adaptations, & Their Audiences
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    António Augusto Tavares: in memoriam
    Sales, José das Candeias
    Francolino Gonçalves: in memoriam
    Ramos, José Augusto
    Manuel Augusto Rodrigues: in memoriam
    Ramos, José Augusto
    Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira: paradigma de cidadã e mestre que se impõe e permanece: in memoriam
    Ferreira, José Ribeiro
    Walter Burkert: in memoriam
    Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
    See AWOL's List of



    Open Access Journal: ‘Atiqot

     [First posted 10/31/10, most recently updated 13 July 2018]

    [Open Access after registration]
    'Atiqot is the refereed journal of the Israel Antiquities Authority. It is published four times a year. The contents of the printed version is uploaded to the e-journal website. No changes are made to articles post-publication. The printed journal is available via the IAA website.

    For details on how to submit, see our Guide to Contributors.

    Range of Topics. ‘Atiqot covers a large chronological span, from prehistory up to the Ottoman period. Excavations are studied from various aspects and disciplines—often the result of the close interaction between researchers of the IAA and outside specialists. Thus, a report should include, in addition to the stratigraphic analysis, comprehensive treatments of the archaeological data, including studies of the various groups of finds, such as ceramics, glass, stone and metal objects, coins, jewelry, textiles, etc., as well as the geological, botanical, faunal and anthropological evidence. Laboratory analyses, such as petrography, radiocarbon dating and metallurgy, should be included where relevant.

    The archaeological data published in ‘Atiqot are not confined to a specific range of periods or topics, but to a geographical area—the Land of Israel—which has been influenced by almost every ancient culture that existed in the Levant. The journal thus presents comprehensive research on the region and its connections with the neighboring countries. The publication is devoted to final reports and shorter articles, although occasionally a volume is dedicated to a particular topic (e.g., burial caves, agricultural installations), period (e.g., prehistoric, Islamic) or site (e.g., Acre, Jerusalem).

    Excavation Reports. The papers published in ‘Atiqot are primarily the result of salvage excavations conducted by the IAA. Their results are sometimes unexpectedly important, filling in gaps that could not be understood by localized studies of the larger tells. ‘Atiqot is one of the few vehicles for imparting this important data and therefore a primary asset to any scholar in archaeology.

    Bilingual Journal. The journal is bilingual, publishing articles in English or Hebrew; all Hebrew reports are accompanied by English summaries keyed to illustrations in the main text.
    Current Issue:
    ‘Atiqot 91 (2018) ISBN 978-965-406-686-0
    • The Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North): New Evidence of Burial Patterns from the Central Coastal Plain (pp. 1–94)
      Amir Gorzalczany
      Keywords: chalcolithic, burial customs, flint tools, ossuaries, physical anthropology, cornets, petrography, ritual
      • The Human Remains from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 95–96)
        Yossi Nagar
        Keywords: chalcolithic, physical anthropology, burial
      • The Chipped-Stone Collection from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 97–101)
        Ofer Marder
        Keywords: chalcolithic, flint, tools, technology
      • The Shells from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 103–104)
        Inbar Ktalav
        Keywords: chalcolithic, mollusks, burial, funerary offerings, symbolism
    • Khirbat Abu Hamid (Shoham North): An Early Bronze Age IB Village on the Eve of Urbanization in the Lod Valley (with contributions by Ofer Marder, Moshe Sade) (pp. 105–157)
      Yitzhak Paz, Orit Segal and Yonatan Nadelman
      Keywords: Chalcolithic period, Early Bronze Age, settlement patterns, Proto-Metallic Ware, Egypt, flint tools, fauna, archaeozoology, stone artifacts, loomweight
    • A Byzantine Settlement on the Northernmost Kurkar Ridge of Ashqelon, Barne‘a B–C Neighborhood (pp. 159–192)
      Ianir Milevski, Gabriela Bijovsky, Debora Sandhaus, Alexander Krokhmalnik and Yael Gorin-Rosen
      Keywords: terracotta figurine, metal objects, marble panel fragments, stone tools, imported Pottery, numismatics, Human remains, cemetery, burial, economy
    • A Crusader-Period Subterranean Water Reservoir at Moẓa: Results of the Salvage Excavation and Cleaning Procedure (with a contribution by Robert Kool) (Hebrew, pp. 1*–11*; English summary, pp. 165–166)
      Sivan Mizrahi and Zvi Greenhut
      Keywords: history, water installation, pottery, technology, construction, masons' mark
      • Ayyubid and Mamluk Pottery from a Crusader-period Subterranean Reservoir at Moza (pp. 193–204)
        Benjamin J. Dolinka
        Keywords: medieval pottery, typology, chronology, Black Gaza Ware, ibriq, Blue Willow porcelain
    Past Issues

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      Conflict among Fallible Humans

      I thought I would start this post by turning a comment I made recently on another post into a meme. One of the challenges of all conflict, for those concerned not about winning but about principles, is how to combat what we perceive to be evil without being turned into that which we hate in […]

      Jim Davila (

      Olyan and Wright, Supplementation and the Study of the Hebrew Bible

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      A letter from Claudius

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Bryn Mawr Classical Review

      2018.07.16: Reperforming Greek Tragedy: Theater, Politics, and Cultural Mobility in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC. Trends in Classics, Supplementary Volume 52

      Review of Anna A. Lamari, Reperforming Greek Tragedy: Theater, Politics, and Cultural Mobility in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC. Trends in Classics, Supplementary Volume 52. Berlin; Boston: 2017. Pp. 207. €99,95. ISBN 9783110561166.

      2018.07.15: Megasthenes und seine Zeit / Megasthenes and his Time. Classica et Orientalia, 13

      Review of Josef Wiesehöfer, Horst Brinkhaus, Reinhold Bichler, Megasthenes und seine Zeit / Megasthenes and his Time. Classica et Orientalia, 13. Wiesbaden: 2016. Pp. vi, 230. €58.00. ISBN 9783447106245.

      Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron (Tulliana News)

      SIAC Newsletter – Special Issue 3

      BANDO DI CONCORSO PER UNA BORSA DI STUDIO INTERNAZIONALE “La fortuna di Lucrezio e dell’epicureismo romano dal Medioevo al XVIII secolo”

      L’Italia Fenice (Associazione culturale con la qualifica di organizzazione non lucrativa di utilità sociale, con sede legale in Sutri, VT, via delle Viole 8), con la collaborazione della Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron di Parigi (SIAC – Association loi 1901 déclarée au Journal Officiel du 8 avril 2008 – Reconnaissance d’intérêt général du 16 juin 2008 – Siège: 9, avenue Sainte Foy, Neuilly-sur-Seine, F-92200) come partner e garante scientifico,

      indìce una procedura comparativa, per soli titoli, finalizzata al conferimento di una borsa di studio per studiose/i di età non superiore ai 35 anni in possesso di PhD avente come argomento di ricerca LA FORTUNA DI LUCREZIO E DELL’EPICUREISMO ROMANO DAL MEDIOEVO AL XVIII SECOLO

      Il tema potrà essere sviluppato sia nell’ambito dell’edizione e della traduzione di testi nel lasso di tempo indicato, sia relativamente all’influsso di Lucrezio e dell’epicureismo romano e/o delle critiche ad esso (compresi gli autori imperiali di lingua greca) sulla riscoperta della latinità classica, dell’arte oratoria, del diritto, della filosofia politica e morale ecc.

      L’impostazione di base del progetto dovrà essere rigorosamente filologica ed esegetica; la borsa è pensata come propedeutica alla pubblicazione, con il sostegno finanziario delle due istituzioni, di un testo a stampa presso De Gruyter (monografia di ricerca o edizione critica o di una traduzione/commento di un testo latino dei secoli XIV-XVIII).

      Durata e compenso della borsa

      La borsa avrà durata di 3 mesi e sarà rinnovabile per 3 volte dopo il primo trimestre (per un totale complessivo di 12 mesi); il rinnovo è subordinato ogni volta all’approvazione del lavoro eseguito da parte della SIAC e di Italia Fenice.

      L’importo della borsa trimestrale è di 3.300 €, corrisposti anticipatamente.

      La borsa viene erogata a sostegno esclusivo del lavoro di ricerca, a prescindere dalla sede/dalle sedi in cui la ricerca viene svolta. La pubblicazione dei risultati in forma di monografia scientifica, al termine del lavoro, potrà essere finanziata da Italia Fenice, dietro parere favorevole della Commissione Giudicatrice.

      Requisiti per l’ammissione alla selezione e conoscenze richieste

      I requisiti per essere ammessi alla selezione sono i seguenti:

      1. Età non superiore ai 35 anni alla data del 31 XII 2018.
      2. Possesso del titolo di dottorato di ricerca (PhD) in filologia o letteratura classica o medievale o latina umanistica o in settore affine.
      3. Documentata attività di ricerca nell’ambito della fortuna di Lucrezio e dell’epicureismo romano.
      4. Conoscenza delle seguenti lingue: latino e greco e due a scelta oltre la propria tra inglese, italiano, francese, portoghese, spagnolo e tedesco.

      I predetti requisiti e le sopra riportate competenze devono essere posseduti alla data di scadenza del presente avviso (30 IX 2018) e devono essere adeguatamente comprovati dal/dalla candidato/a. La Commissione Giudicatrice può disporre in ogni momento, con provvedimento motivato, l’esclusione dalla procedura selettiva per difetto dei requisiti di ammissione.

      La domanda di partecipazione alla selezione dovrà essere redatta in carta semplice e contenere:

      • nome e cognome, data e luogo di nascita;
      • cittadinanza/e posseduta/e;
      • residenza (e domicilio se diverso);
      • recapiti eletti ai fini della selezione (in particolare l’indirizzo di posta elettronica);
      • dati e importi delle borse postdottorali di cui il/la candidato(a) eventualmente ha goduto o sta godendo; il non godimento di borse dal 1° gennaio 2019 in avanti è condizione preferenziale;
      • possesso dei requisiti richiesti.

      Alla domanda dovranno essere allegati:

      • CV, non superiore alle 2 pagine;
      • descrizione dettagliata del progetto di ricerca nell’ambito dell’argomento della borsa (max. 4 pagine): in esso dovrà essere chiarito quali obiettivi si intendono raggiungere in ciascun trimestre di lavoro;
      • grado di conoscenza delle lingue antiche (latino e greco) e delle lingue moderne (almeno due oltre alla propria tra inglese, italiano, francese, portoghese, spagnolo e tedesco);
      • titolo della tesi di laurea e di dottorato ed elenco delle pubblicazioni (libri, capitoli di libro, articoli pubblicati in riviste scientifiche, comunicazioni a convegni, rassegne ecc.), con particolare attenzione ai lavori attinenti all’argomento della borsa;
      • tesi di dottorato e un massimo di 5 pubblicazioni, in formato .pdf.

      Le domande dovranno essere inviate all’indirizzo mail entro il 30 settembre 2018 e potranno essere redatte in inglese, italiano, francese, portoghese, spagnolo o tedesco.
      Non saranno valutate le domande pervenute oltre la data di scadenza o non complete di tutta la documentazione richiesta.

      La Commissione Giudicatrice sarà formata dal Presidente di Italia Fenice, Paolo Omodeo Salè, e dai seguenti docenti universitari membri della SIAC: Andrea Balbo (Torino); Rita Degl’Innocenti Pierini (Firenze); Robert Kaster (Princeton University); Carlos Lévy (Paris IV Sorbonne); Ermanno Malaspina (Pontificia Academia Latinitatis).

      La commissione valuterà le domande pervenute e i titoli scientifici pubblicando la graduatoria definitiva nel sito della SIAC ( e comunicando l’esito via mail ai candidati classificati entro e non oltre il 30 novembre 2018. Le riunioni della commissione, di cui si redigerà apposito verbale, si potranno svolgere anche in modalità telematica.

      Il/la candidato/a risultato vincitore godrà della borsa a partire dal 1° gennaio 2019 (trimestre gennaio- marzo).

      Per ogni richiesta di informazioni rivolgersi a Ermanno Malaspina, Presidente del Consiglio scientifico della SIAC (

      I dati forniti dal/dalla candidato/a saranno raccolti presso la SIAC per le finalità di gestione della selezione e verranno trattati con tutte le cautele previste dalle norme di legge.

      Il conferimento dei dati è obbligatorio per poter valutare i requisiti di partecipazione a pena di esclusione dalle selezioni. La commissione giudicatrice opererà in conformità alle condizioni indicate in questo bando e nel rispetto delle norme fissate dal diritto italiano. A questo titolo, il/la candidato/a gode dei diritti di cui all’articolo 13 del Decreto Lgs. 196/03. Il/la candidato/a gode altresì del diritto di far rettificare, aggiornare, completare o cancellare i dati erronei, incompleti o raccolti in termini non conformi alla legge, nonché il diritto di opporsi al loro trattamento per motivi illegittimi. Il Responsabile del trattamento è il Presidente del Consiglio scientifico della SIAC, prof. E. Malaspina.

      APPLICATION FOR AN INTERNATIONAL GRANT “The reception of Lucretius and Roman Epicureanism from the Middle Ages to the 18th century”

      Italia Fenice (a cultural association registered as a not-for-profit for social entity, with offices at Via delle Viole 8, Sutri, VT, Italy), in partnership with the Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron in Paris (SIAC – Association loi 1901 déclarée au Journal Officiel du 8 avril 2008 – Reconnaissance d’intérêt général du 16 juin 2008 – Siège: 9, avenue Sainte Foy, Neuilly-sur-Seine, F-92200),

      invites post-doctoral scholars aged 35 and under to submit applications for a grant to be awarded for research on THE RECEPTION OF LUCRETIUS AND ROMAN EPICUREANISM FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE 18TH CENTURY

      Eligible projects include editions and translations of texts composed during those centuries, as well as studies of the influence of Lucretius and of Roman Epicureanism and/or criticism of it (including Greek-speaking imperial authors) on the rediscovery of classical Latinity, oratory, law, political and moral philosophy etc.

      The selection committee is chiefly interested in projects that employ a philological or exegetical approach. We expect that the grant will contribute to the publication of a printed text (a scholarly monograph, critical edition or translation with commentary of a Latin text from the 6th to the 18th centuries) by De Gruyter (Berlin), with financial support coming from the two sponsoring institutions.

      Duration and amount of the grant

      The grant will have a duration of three (3) months and will be renewable up to three (3) times after the first trimester (for a total possible duration of twelve (12) months); renewals for each quarter are subject to approval by SIAC and Italia Fenice; determinations of renewal will be based on evaluations of the work completed to date.

      The amount of the grant is 3.300 Euros per trimester, remitted in advance.

      The grant is extended solely to support the applicant’s research, without any consideration of the place or places where that research is conducted. If a recipient completes a scholarly monograph at the end of the grant period, publication of the work may be financed by Italia Fenice, pending approval of the selection board.

      Qualifications and requirements for consideration.

      In order to be considered for the grant, applicants must:

      1. Be no older than 35 years of age (as of 31 XII 2018).
      2. Have a PhD in classical, medieval, or humanistic Latin literature, philology, or a related field.
      3. Have a documented record of research on the reception of Lucretius and Roman Epicureanism.
      4. Have a reading knowledge of Latin and Greek, as well as three of the following languages (including their native tongue): English, Italian, French, Portuguese, Spanish, and German.

      Candidates are expected to provide documentation that they meet the qualifications and possess the competencies outlined above by the deadline indicated in the present announcement (30 September 2018). The selection board reserves the right to exclude applicants from consideration at any time if there is reason to believe that they do not possess the required qualifications.

      The application must be drafted on plain paper and include the candidate’s:

      • first name, surname, date and place of birth;
      • nationality/nationalities;
      • residence (and domicile if different);
      • contact information (including email address);
      • details about and amount of any postdoctoral grants from which the candidate may benefit or is benefiting; preference will be given to candidates who have been without funding since 1. January 2019;
      • proof of the qualifications outlined above.

      The following documents must be attached to the application:

      • a curriculum vitae of no more than two (2) pages;
      • a detailed description of the research project to be supported by the grant (no more than four (4) pages): this must clearly state the candidate’s goals for the project in three months intervals;
      • degree of knowledge of classical languages (Latin and Greek) and modern languages (three of the following, including their native tongue: English, Italian, French, Portuguese, Spanish and German);
      • title of undergraduate and master’s thesis (where relevant) and PhD thesis, as well as a list of publications (books, chapters, articles published in scholarly journals, papers delivered at conferences, reviews etc.), highlighting in particular past work that is related to the topic of the grant;
      • PhD dissertation and up to 5 scholarly publications, in pdf format.

      Applications will be accepted in the following languages: English, Italian, French, Portuguese, Spanish and German. Once completed, they should be sent electronically to by 30 September 2018. Applications received after the deadline or missing required documents will not be considered.

      The selection board will include the President of Italia Fenice, Paolo Omodeo Salè, and the following members of SIAC: Andrea Balbo (Torino); Rita Degl’Innocenti Pierini (Firenze); Robert Kaster (Princeton University); Carlos Lévy (Paris IV Sorbonne); Ermanno Malaspina (Pontificia Academia Latinitatis).

      The selection committee will judge the applications received along with the project titles, making their final assessment available on SIAC’s website ( and communicating the result to the eligible candidates by email on or before 30 November 2018.

      Meetings of the selection committee may be held in person or online; written reports of all meetings will be maintained by the committee.

      The candidate awarded the grant is to begin his/her work on 1 January 2019 (January-March trimester).

      Questions and requests for additional information should be directed to Ermanno Malaspina, President of SIAC’s Advisory Board (

      SIAC will only utilize information provided by candidates for the purposes of the selection process; all personal information will be protected with the safeguards required by law. Proof of qualifications are required for candidates to be considered for the grant. In making its decision, the selection board will adhere to the conditions specified in this announcement and will act in accordance with Italian law. Candidates are entitled to all rights specified by D.Lgs 196/03, art. 13. Candidates have also the right to correct, update, complete, or delete any information that is erroneous, incomplete, or that has not been collected in compliance with the law; they also have the right to prevent this information being used for any reason unrelated to their grant application. Responsibility for protecting candidates’ information belongs to Professor E. Malaspina, President of SIAC’s Advisory Board.

      OUVERTURE DE CONCOURS POUR L’ATTRIBUTION D’UNE BOURSE DE RECHERCHE INTERNATIONALE “La fortune de Lucrèce et de l’épicurisme romain du Moyen-Âge au XVIIIè siècle”

      L’Italia Fenice (Association culturelle à but non lucratif d’intérêt général, siège légal à Sutri, VT, via delle Viole 8), avec la collaboration de la Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron de Paris (SIAC – Association loi 1901 déclarée au Journal Officiel du 8 avril 2008 – Reconnaissance d’intérêt général du 16 juin 2008 – Siège : 9, avenue Sainte Foy, Neuilly-sur-Seine, F-92200) comme partenaire et garant scientifique

      annonce l’ouverture d’un concours pour l’attribution d’une bourse de recherche destinée à un(e) chercheur(e) de 35 ans au plus, titulaire d’un doctorat, portant sur LA FORTUNE DE LUCRÈCE ET DE L’ÉPICURISME ROMAIN DU MOYEN-ÂGE AU XVIIIÈ SIÈCLE

      La recherche pourra être développée soit à travers des travaux d’édition ou de traduction de textes dans les limites chronologiques indiquées, soit à travers l’étude de l’influence de Lucrèce et de l’épicurisme romain et/ou de ses critiques (y compris les auteurs d’époque impériale et de langue grecque) dans la redécouverte de la latinité classique, de la rhétorique, du droit, de la philosophie politique et morale etc.

      Le projet doit prendre appui sur une base rigoureusement philologique et exégétique ; la bourse est conçue pour aboutir, avec le soutien financier des deux institutions, à la publication d’un ouvrage (monographie scientifique, édition critique ou traduction/commentaire d’un texte latin des VI-XVIIIe siècles) chez De Gruyter (Berlin).

      Durée et montant de la bourse

      La bourse sera accordée pour trois mois renouvelables trois fois (soit une durée totale maximale de 12 mois) ; le renouvellement est subordonné chaque fois à l’approbation, après examen du travail accompli par le chercheur, de la SIAC et de Italia Fenice.

      Le montant trimestriel de la bourse est de 3300€, versés en début de trimestre.

      La bourse sera versée en soutien exclusif du travail de recherche, indépendamment de l’institution/des institutions où est menée la recherche. La publication des résultats sous forme d’une monographie scientifique, au terme de l’étude, pourra être financée par Italia Fenice, après avis favorable du comité de sélection.

      Préalables requis pour être admis(e) à concourir et connaissances exigées

      Pour être admis(e) à concourir les candidats devront :

      1. Être âgés de 35 ans au maximum à la date du 31 XII 2018.
      2. Être titulaires d’un doctorat (PhD) en philologie ou littérature classique ou médiévale ou en littérature humaniste ou dans des domaines apparentés.
      3. Pouvoir attester d’une activité de recherche liée à la question de la fortune de Lucrèce et de l’épicurisme romain.
      4. Savoir lire et traduire aisément les textes classiques en grec ancien et en latin, et, outre leur langue maternelle, posséder la maîtrise de deux des langues suivantes : allemand, anglais, espagnol, français, italien, portugais.

      Les candidats doivent satisfaire aux exigences requises et présenter les compétences énumérées ci- dessus à la date de parution du présent avis (30 septembre 2018), et être en mesure d’en fournir les attestations officielles. Le comité de sélection pourra à tout moment, en justifiant sa décision, exclure un candidat qui ne remplirait pas les conditions requises.

      La déclaration de candidature devra être rédigée sur papier libre et préciser :

      • les nom et prénom, date et lieu de naissance
      • la nationalité
      • le lieu de résidence (et le lieu de domicile personnel si différents)
      • les coordonnées où envoyer les documents relatifs au concours (en particulier l’adresse électronique) – dates et montants des bourses postdoctorales dont le candidat ou la candidate a éventuellement bénéficié ou bénéficie ; ne pas bénéficier d’une bourse à partir du 1er janvier 2019 est une condition préférentielle
      • la déclaration sur l’honneur de possession des titres et connaissances requis.

      À la candidature devront être joints :

      • un CV de deux pages au plus ;
      • une description détaillée du projet de recherche et sa pertinence au regard des critères requis pour l’obtention de la bourse (quatre pages au plus) : il définira un calendrier en précisant les objectifs visés trimestre par trimestre ;
      • une déclaration précisant son niveau de connaissance des langues anciennes (latin et grec) et des langues modernes (outre la langue maternelle, deux des langues suivantes : allemand, anglais, espagnol, français, italien, portugais) ;
      • la liste des travaux du candidat : titres du mémoire de master et de la thèse de doctorat, liste des publications (livres, chapitres de livre, articles publiés dans des revues scientifiques, communications à des colloques, comptes rendus, etc.), avec mise en valeur des travaux touchant au domaine de la bourse ;
      • la thèse de doctorat et cinq autres publications au plus, en format PDF.

      Les candidatures devront être envoyées à l’adresse électronique jusqu’au 30 septembre 2018 et pourront être rédigées en allemand, anglais, espagnol, français, italien, portugais. Les candidatures parvenues après la date limite ou incomplètes ne seront pas examinées.

      Le comité de sélection sera formé du Président de Italia Fenice, Paolo Omodeo Salè, et des professeurs d’université suivants, membres de la SIAC : Andrea Balbo (Torino) ; Rita Degl’Innocenti Pierini (Firenze) ; Robert Kaster (Princeton University) ; Carlos Lévy (Paris IV Sorbonne) ; Ermanno Malaspina (Pontificia Academia Latinitatis).

      Le comité de sélection évaluera les candidatures qui lui seront parvenues et publiera le classement définitif sur le site de la SIAC ( au plus tard le 30 novembre 2018. Les réunions du comité de sélection, qui donneront lieu à un compte rendu, pourront se dérouler sous forme télématique.

      Le candidat ou la candidate retenu(e) commencera son travail le 1er janvier 2019 (pour le trimestre janvier-mars).

      Pour toute demande d’information s’adresser à Ermanno Malaspina, Président du Conseil scientifique de la SIAC (

      Les données fournies par le candidat ou la candidate seront utilisées par la SIAC à seule fin du concours et feront l’objet de toutes les précautions prévues par la loi.

      Les données doivent être obligatoirement fournies pour que les conditions requises pour la participation soient validées, sous peine d’exclusion du concours. Le comité de sélection effectuera ses travaux conformément aux conditions fixées ci-dessus, aux normes déontologiques en usage et au droit italien. A ce titre, le candidat/la candidate jouit des droits mentionnés par l’article 13 du D. Lgs 196/03. Le candidat/la candidate jouit en outre du droit de faire rectifier, actualiser, compléter ou supprimer les données erronées, incomplètes ou recueillies de façon non conforme à la loi, ainsi que le droit de s’opposer à leur utilisation pour des motifs illégitimes. Le responsable de l’utilisation est le Président du Conseil scientifique de la SIAC, le Professeur E. Malaspina.

      [Last updated on July 14th, 2018.]

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      Archaeology Magazine

      Possible Evidence of War Unearthed at Sardis

      MANISA, TURKEY—Hurriyet Daily News reports that possible traces of the war between the Lydians and the Persians in 546 B.C. has been unearthed in what is known as the Palace region at Sardis, the ancient capital of the Lydian kingdom in western Turkey. Previous excavations in this area of the city have uncovered huge terrace walls that could have supported a monumental building, as well as a military shield, ivory from a piece of furniture, and a stone seal. “These pieces make our predictions stronger that this area was the field of a palace,” said lead archaeologist Nicholas Dunlop. Now, nearly 50 arrowheads have been found spread over different areas of the possible palace structure. “We also found pots, cooking bowls, and a piece of floor,” he added. “We found three arrowheads in this floor. These arrowheads might be from the last big war.” Historic records indicate the Lydian kingdom fell to the Persians after the 14-day attack. To read about a ritual deposit discovered at Sardis, go to “How to ward off an earthquake with Roman magic.”

      Byzantine- and Roman-era Rooms Uncovered in Egypt

      Egypt Alexandria roomsALEXANDRIA, EGYPT—Ahram Online reports that chambers dating to the Roman and Byzantine periods have been unearthed in Alexandria. Mostafa Waziri of the Supreme Council of Antiquities said one of the Roman-era chambers has huge stone blocks set at right angles and smooth Doric columns. A large number of Roman coins were also recovered. The walls of the Byzantine-era rooms were crafted from irregular blocks of stones fitted together with weak mortar. Another room had a tiled floor and a decorated column. According to Nadia Kheidr of the Central Department of Antiquities of Lower Egypt, the artifacts uncovered by the excavation team included lamps decorated with crosses and palm leaves, dishes, two large water jars, and other fragments of pottery. To read about a recent discovery in Luxor, Egypt, go to “Honoring Osiris.”

      Unusual 2,500-Year-Old Skull Found in Burial Cave in Sicily

      Sicily artificial cavePALERMO, SICILY—According to a Live Science report, archaeologists led by Roberto Miccichè of the University of Palermo were investigating an artificial cave in northern Sicily where more than 50 people were buried some 2,500 years ago, when they found a lone skull that had been placed above the tomb’s main entrance, facing into the cave. The burials were looted at some point, but the researchers think the robbers used a different entrance to the cave and left the skull in its original position. As the researchers explain in a paper in the International Journal of Paleopathology, examination of the skull revealed it had belonged to a woman who died between the ages of 35 and 50. Her cause of death was cancer that the researchers suspect originated in her breasts and then spread to her skull, leaving 14 holes in it. Miccichè suggested that the distinctive markings on her bones may have led to the unusual placement of her skull. The woman’s role in the community during her life may also have been a factor, he added. To read about an unusual burial recently discovered in northern Italy, go to “Late Antique TLC.”

      July 13, 2018

      David Gill (Looting Matters)

      Operazione Demetra

      Operazione Demetra
      Source: Carabinieri
      Earlier this month the Italian authorities issued a statement about Operazione Demetra with its focus on Sicily [press release, 4 July 2018; Carabinieri]. One of the key elements is that arrest warrants were served on individuals in London, Barcelona and Ehningen. They are listed as:
      • VERES William Thomas 64 anni, residente a Londra;  
      • PALMA Andrea 36 anni, originario di Campobasso, residente a Barcellona; 
      • MONDELLO Rocco, 61 anni, originario di Gela, residente a Ehningen.
      Veres appears to be the same individual who handled the Steinhardt gold phiale when it passed through Switzerland ('Caveat emptor', The Economist 16 September 1999). He also appears to have sold ancient coins, largely minted in Turkey, to the British Museum. (A British individual with the initials W.T.V. was arrested in an antiquities related incident near Seville in August 2017.)

      It appears that two auction houses in Munich are under investigation (John Phillips and Justin Huggler, 'Italian police smash £30m international ancient artefact smuggling ring', The Daily Telegraph 4 July 2018).

      This investigation appears to be shining fresh light on the network of handlers moving archaeological material from Italy.

      The British Museum will no doubt be reviewing the material acquired from this source.

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      The Archaeology News Network

      Excavations at the O Porriño site questions prehistory in Spanish Galicia

      A team of international researchers led by archaeologists Eduardo Méndez-Quintas and Manuel Santonja, from the National Centre for Research on Human Evolution (CENIEH), are resuming their research work at the Gándaras de Budiño, historically the most important Palaeolithic site in Galicia, with the financial support of the Porriño Council and within the framework of the Minho/Miño research project: Os primeros poboadores do río Miño,...

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