Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

July 28, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

Scientists Analyze Ancient Canaanite DNA

Lebanon Canaanite genomeHINXTON, ENGLAND—According to a report in Science News, researchers led by Marc Haber of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute mapped the genomes of five 3,700-year-old Canaanite skeletons uncovered in Sidon, Lebanon, and compared the results with other ancient and modern populations. Little is known about the Canaanites, who left few written records. Scholars have had to rely upon second-hand accounts written by ancient Hebrew, Egyptian, and Greek sources for historical information on the origins and supposed demise of the Canaanites. The results of the DNA study suggest that the Canaanites descended from early farmers who settled in the Levant some 10,000 years ago, and migrants from Iran who arrived between 6,600 and 3,550 years ago. The spread of the Akkadian Empire between 4,400 and 4,200 years ago could account for the large contribution of migrants from the east to Canaanite ancestry. In fact, a similar mixture of genes has been found in ancient skeletons unearthed in Jordan. The researchers also found that modern Lebanese people received about 93 percent of their DNA from the ancient Canaanites. The remaining seven percent likely came from Eurasians who arrived in the Levant some 3,700 to 2,200 years ago. To read more about ancient Canaan and its time as an Egyptian colony, go to "Egypt's Final Redoubt in Canaan." 

July 27, 2017

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

How to Control the Internet Market in Antiquities? The Need for Regulation and Monitoring

Think Tank Policy Brief by Neil Brodie on controlling the internet antiquities market is now available How to Control the Internet Market in Antiquities? The Need for Regulation and Monitoring Policy Brief No. 3 July 2017
Illicit antiquities, some pilfered from war zones where jihadist groups operate, are increasingly finding their way online where they are being snapped up by unknowing buyers and further driving the rampant plunder of archaeological sites. These internet sales are spurring a vicious cycle: increasing demand for antiquities, which drives the looting, producing a greater supply of artifacts, which further increases demand. While global auction sales of art and antiquities declined in 2015—falling as much as 11 percent—online sales skyrocketed by 24 percent, reaching a staggering $3.27 billion dollars. According to Forbes, “This suggests that the art market may not be 1 cooling, exactly, but instead shifting to a new sales model, e-commerce.” How can an online buyer guarantee that a potential purchase is not stolen property, a “blood antiquity,” or a modern forgery? The best protection is to demand evidence of how the object reached the market in the first place. However, as in more traditional sales, most antiquities on the internet lack any such documentation. Online shoppers therefore have limited means of knowing what they are buying or from whom. This is a particularly serious concern given the industrial scale looting now taking place in Iraq and Syria, which the United Nations Security Council warns is financing Daesh (commonly known as ISIS, ISIL, or Islamic State), al Qaeda, and their affiliates. Despite the clear implications for both cultural preservation and national security, so far public policy has completely failed to regulate the online antiquities trade. This is particularly true in the United States, which remains the world’s largest art market and a major center for the internet market in antiquities. American inaction has 3 made it impossible to combat the problem globally, and moreover, is in great contrast to positive steps taken by other “demand” nations like Germany. This paper offers practical solutions to help better protect good faith consumers from purchasing looted or fake antiquities—while also protecting online businesses from facilitating criminal behavior. After briefly reviewing what is known of the organization and operation of the internet market in antiquities, it considers some possible cooperative responses aimed at educating consumers and introducing workable regulation. These responses draw upon the German example, as well as recent criminological thinking about what might constitute effective regulation. Finally, the paper makes seven policy recommendations, which while geared towards the American market, are applicable to any country where antiquities are bought and sold online.
Full Policy Paper PDF

The Hobby Lobby Settlement: A Gathering Storm for Classicists

'The Green Collection and Classics: "Brace Yourselves" ...', PaleoJudaica Thursday, July 27, 2017
David Meadows has a meticulously documented post on the Classics-related manuscripts in the Green Collection, their importance for scholarship, the complicated background of their acquisition, and the growing difficulties with their associations. ' The Hobby Lobby Settlement: A Gathering Storm for Classicists? ' Rogue Classicists blog 


Archaeological News on Tumblr

Ancient DNA counters biblical account of the mysterious Canaanites

When the pharaohs ruled Egypt and the ancient Greeks built their first cities, a mysterious people...

Medieval men were diagnosed with infertility and prescribed treatments

Men could be held responsible for the failure to produce children as far back as medieval times, a...

Medieval Coptic wall-paintings uncovered at Egyptian monastery

Restorers working at the Monastery of St. Bishoy in the Wadi El-Natroun area have uncovered a number...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche

Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche
Testata della pagina 
Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche (CaSteR) è la rivista internazionale, accademica, peer-reviewed e Open Access, della Società Scientifica Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Cartagine (SAIC).

Ambito e orizzonte culturale

L'ambito culturale della rivista è quello delle scienze storiche, archeologiche e dell’antichità, della storia dell’arte, della conservazione, della valorizzazione e del restauro dei beni culturali. L'ambito cronologico di riferimento va dalla preistoria fino al periodo fatimide (XII sec.) mentre dal punto di vista geografico l'area di elezione è quella dell'Africa del Nord (in particolare Tunisia e paesi del Maghreb) intesa sia come spazio geografico fisico che come termine culturale di raffronto per studi che trattino di aspetti comuni ad altre aree e di rapporti di interscambio culturale e materiale. Particolare attenzione verrà inoltre riservata agli studi che tratteranno di aspetti collegati alla musealizzazione, al restauro dei monumenti, alle tematiche collegate alla valorizzazione dei giacimenti culturali materiali e immateriali.


La rivista si propone di incoraggiare, negli ambiti sopra identificati, la ricerca interdisciplinare sull'area nord Africana ed in particolare in Tunisia proponendosi come un contenitore di scambio e confronto non solo tra i componenti della comunità accademica degli specialisti di settore ma, superando i confini nazionali, tra le diverse comunità accademiche e la società civile.

Tipo di documenti editi

I contenuti della rivista saranno principalmente testi a stampa corredati da immagini fotografiche, disegni in vari formati (raster e vettoriali), filmati video e file contenenti dati testuali. Potranno essere inoltre sottoposti alla valutazione di CaSteR per l'edizione anche lavori multimediali purché rigorosamente a carattere scientifico e di ambito cronologico, geografico e culturale assolutamente coerente con le linee editoriali sopra esposte.



N. 1 (2016)

Althiburos, Tunisia. Teatro romano (foto Gilberto Montali).



N. 2 (2017)

Ellès, Tunisia (foto Anna Depalmas).


Saggi e studi

Marco Muresu
Lavinia Del Basso

Conferenze, seminari e sedute scientifiche della SAIC

Laura Baratin
Anna Depalmas
Massimo Botto, Nabil Kallala, Sergio Ribichini
Nabil Kallala, Gilberto Montali, Mohamed Ben Nejma, Sahrane Chérif, Jamel Hajji, Mounir Torchani

Schede e materiali

Roger Hanoune
Mohammed-Arbi Nsiri
Piero Bartoloni


Mohammed-Arbi Nsiri

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Skull of 1,000 year old Arctic chieftain's infant heir found encased in Persian bronze bowl

The skull pieces were discovered by archaeologists above the Arctic Circle on the remote permafrost...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

The Archaeology of Early Christianity: An Introduction

I know I’ve been promising to share a draft of our introduction to our Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology, but haven’t come through, 

Today, that changes. Here’s a link to a draft of our introduction to our Oxford Handbook project.

The challenge of this introduction stems our effort to do three things. First, we offer a brief survey of the history of Early Christian archaeology with particular attention to the Anglophone scholarship. Second, we introduced past, current, and future directions in archaeology as a discipline and argued for their impact on our understanding of Early Christianity. Finally, we offer a brief survey of the content of the volume. 

I do hope that some readers with an interest in Early Christianity and the Archaeology of the Early Christian world will take the time to offer suggestions, comments, or critiques of this draft introduction. We realize that it has some warts and some stylistic infelicities, but hope that this draft captures the general direction of our work.

As in the past, I’m using to allow comments on our introduction. It’s a free, open-source application for commenting on the web! 

Check out our introduction here.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Perseus 5.0/Scaife Digital Library Viewer RFP

Perseus 5.0/Scaife Digital Library Viewer RFP
We are working on the draft for an RFP to develop CTS-based front end that we will use to make Open Greek and Latin available as part of Perseus 5.0. We are calling this the Scaife Digital Library Viewer. We hope to finalize the RFP early in the week of July
 31 and welcome any and all suggestions in the meantime.

Information is available at

Archaeological News on Tumblr

New finds suggest Second Temple priests who fled the Romans kept up holy rituals in the Galilee

After seven years of excavations at Magdala, four rare ritual baths and a unique carved stone point...

Humans hunted freshwater turtles in Israel 60,000 years ago

A Hebrew University of Jerusalem doctoral candidate made an unprecedented discovery during...

In Spain, an ancient cemetery buried under a cemetery

Spanish archaeologists excavating a Visigoth necropolis in Sena, in the northeastern province of...

Ancient granaries reveal history of grape production

Many granaries from 3,500 years ago have been unearthed in the western province of Manisa. The...

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

In UK New Artefact Hunting Club Started up

'Responsible metal detecting' reaches out and yet another club is founded for 'citizen archaeologists', it appears anyone can join ('its about time we had a club for all thosepeople that really are pissed off with what we are expected to put up with. Itsa case of catch me if you can'):

This seems again to be about allegedly low Treasure valuations (some examples are cited which in the form given do seem rather on the low-side, I'd be interested in learning the facts of each of these cases) and delays in the valuation etc. process. Some of the responses to the proposal of a new group in response to these problems by responsible detectorists countrywide include a Steven Bailey who is still waiting for an outcome of a Roman silver ring which he handed in over 18 months ago ('I decided in Feb not to report any more of my finds'). A Scott Leitch curses 'them' and says that  he will 'never declaire anything ever again'. Somebody called Tez Sykes suggests that what is needed is a 'petition' sent to 'the British Museum FLO department' on behalf of every detectorist in the UK. One to watch.


One to look for, they've now hidden it. Which shows why we need to be looking over the shoulders of artefact hunters all the time. 

ArcheoNet BE

Wandel door het Leuven van 1525

Het Leuvens Historisch Genootschap stelde enkele dagen geleden zijn 3D-animatie voor van het Leuven van 1525. Verken samen met hen de Naamsestraat en wandel vervolgens rond de St-Pieterskerk om terug op de Grote Markt met het monumentale stadhuis te belanden.

De animatie is van de hand van Yves Vanhellemont, die eerder ook al een erg geslaagde 3D-reconstructie maakte van hoe de St-Pieterskerk er volgens haar oorspronkelijke plannen had moeten uitzien.

Jim Davila (

The Green Collection and Classics: "Brace Yourselves"

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

More Genesis Games, Plus Apocrypha

Another couple of games with biblical themes came to my attention recently. One is Genesis, by game company Gigantoskop. Here is the description from their website: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. It took him six days to complete his work, assisted by a host of heavenly angels doing his divine [Read More...]

ArcheoNet BE

Onderzoeksrapport: het erfgoed van de tabaksnijverheid in Vlaanderen

De ooit bloeiende tabaksteelt en -nijverheid in Vlaanderen lieten onroerende relicten na. Een nieuw onderzoeksrapport van het agentschap Onroerend Erfgoed reikt de kennis aan om dat erfgoed te begrijpen, naar waarde te schatten en doordacht te hergebruiken. Voor het eerst zijn de productieprocessen en hun ontwikkelingen in beeld gebracht, waardoor het mogelijk wordt om van het industriële tabaksverleden een selectief maar coherent beeld te bieden aan de hand van gebouwen en constructies in het Vlaamse landschap. Bovendien geeft dit onderzoek de wetenschappelijke basis en de draagkracht aan van waaruit voor beschermenswaardig of beschermd tabaksgebonden erfgoed een gepaste en maatschappelijk relevante bestemming kan ontwikkeld worden.

Het rapport is integraal beschikbaar via

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

A Summer Day In The Life Of A Roman Bioarchaeologist

What does a Roman bioarchaeologist do on a normal summer day? Pore over 2,000-year-old skeletons, of course!

Jim Davila (

Magdala — an ancient priestly refuge?

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Textual Plurality conference at Metz

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New findings from the Babylonian destructions of Jerusalem

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2017.07.40: Approaching the Roman Revolution: Papers on Republican History. (edited by Federico Santangelo)

Review of Ronald Syme, Approaching the Roman Revolution: Papers on Republican History. (edited by Federico Santangelo). Oxford; New York: 2016. Pp. xv, 428. $140.00. ISBN 9780198767060.

2017.07.39: The Mirror of Epic: The Iliad and History

Review of B. K. M. Brown, The Mirror of Epic: The Iliad and History. Berrima: 2016. Pp. xi, 403. $175.00. ISBN 9780994541826.

2017.07.38: Late Antiquity in Contemporary Debate

Review of Rita Lizzi Testa, Late Antiquity in Contemporary Debate. Newcastle upon Tyne: 2017. Pp. 280. $90.95. ISBN 9781443843089.

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

See Angkor Wat and Borobudur in Lego

via Channel NewsAsia, 27 July 2017: A new exhibition in Singapore features Lego versions of World Heritage Sites, including Southeast Asian ones like Angkor Wat, Borobudur and the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Brick by brick: New Lego exhibition gathers together World Heritage Sites Source: Brick by brick: New Lego exhibition gathers together World Heritage Sites – … Continue reading "See Angkor Wat and Borobudur in Lego"

Chiang Mai Museum reopens after renovation

via Bangkok Post, 27 July 2017: The Chiang Mai National Museum has a new face after four years of renovation. Reopened on June 14, it brings exhibitions to life using state-of-the-art technology and presentations, and hopes to attract younger visitors. Source: A new Lanna gem | Bangkok Post: lifestyle

Archaeology Magazine

Hunters May Have Driven New Zealand’s Swans to Extinction

New Zealand Pouwa Mounted.jpgDUNEDIN, NEW ZEALAND— reports that New Zealand’s native black swans were hunted to extinction by Polynesians in the fifteenth century. Nic Rawlence of the University of Otago Palaeogenetics Laboratory and his team compared the skeletons of living birds and fossilized swan remains, and examined DNA samples of the birds. The researchers concluded that almost all of the black swans now living in New Zealand are descended from swans brought from Australia in the 1860s. The native swans also arrived from Australia, but between one and two million years ago. They were heavier, and had longer legs and smaller wings, and might have eventually become flightless in another million years, Rawlence said. It had been thought the black swans living in New Zealand now were the same species as those found in the fossil record. Rawlence and his colleagues dubbed the fossil species “pouwa,” after a black bird that lived in the Chatham Islands in a Moriori legend. For more, go to “Angry Birds.”

Bronze Age “Lunch Box” Found in Switzerland

Bronze Age boxMUNICH, GERMANY—A wooden box containing traces of grains has been recovered on Switzerland’s Lötschberg Mountain, according to a report in The International Business Times. The 3,500-year-old box is thought to have been lost or forgotten at the summit of an alpine pass, some 8,500 feet above sea level. Molecular traces of spelt, emmer, and barley were detected in the box by a team including Jessica Hendy of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. “We knew that cereals were around but don’t know how important they were in the general economy,” she said. “Now we’ve developed this, we can try to apply it more widely to understand how important cereals were for these early farmers.” For more, go to “Switzerland Everlasting.”

Gold Coin and Ivory Icon Unearthed in Bulgaria

Bulgaria Zhelyzovo Rusokastro FortressBOURGAS, BULGARIA—The Sofia Globe reports that a gold coin and an icon carved from ivory have been unearthed at the site of Rusokastro Fortress, which is located on Bulgaria’s southern Black Sea coast. Milen Nikolov of the Regional History Museum in Bourgas said the fortress was part of a complex defense system along the border with Byzantium. The coin dates to the early seventh century A.D., to the reign of Emperor Phocas, when the fortress is thought to have been built. The ivory icon, an extremely valuable item, probably belonged to a ruler who lived in the palace built on the site at the end of the fourteenth century. “Historically, it is definitely the place where Tsar Ivan Alexander, Emperor Andronik III Paleologus, and probably King Todor Svetoslav Terter resided,” Nikolov said. For more on archaeology in Bulgaria, go to “Thracian Treasure Chest.”

July 26, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

Freshwater Turtles Hunted in Israel 60,000 Years Ago

Israel freshwater turtleJERUSALEM, ISRAEL—According to a report in The Jerusalem Post, Rebecca Biton of Hebrew University has found evidence that hominins hunted freshwater turtles in the northern Jordan Valley some 60,000 years ago. “In Israel, at every archaeological site you will find some evidence of the exploitation of tortoises, which do not have much meat, but were consumed,” she said. The discovery of Western Caspian turtle remains, which live in fresh water, suggests that humans were also exploiting animals from Hula Lake and the surrounding swamps. “They took the turtle and smashed the shell and cooked whatever meat they could extract,” she said. The meat was carefully removed with a flint knife, she added. For more, go to “Let a Turtle Be Your Psychopomp.”

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Journal of Classics Teaching

Journal of Classics Teaching
ISSN: -EISSN: 2058-6310
Journal of Classics Teaching
Now online and open access the Journal of Classics Teaching (JCT) aims to be the leading journal for teachers of Latin, ancient Greek, Classical Civilisation and Ancient History internationally. JCT covers the primary, secondary and tertiary education sectors and welcomes articles and short book reviews of interest to Classics teachers.
    2010s(Vol 16-18)

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Remnants of ancient Byzantine chapel, Roman mosaics unearthed in Kilis

      Archaeologists said Wednesday that they have found remnants of a 1,600-year-old Byzantine chapel in...

      ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

      BMCR: Nathalie Rousseau’s Du syntagme au lexique: sur la composition en grec

      Books such as this one are a good reason to continue to pay attention to non-English scholarship on Ancient Greek: Rousseau, Nathalie. 2016. Du syntagme au lexique: sur la composition en grec. Collection d’études anciennnes. Série grecque, 154.   Paris:  Les Belles Lettres. The title translates more or less as “From syntax/syntagm* to lexicon: On compositionality... Continue Reading →

      Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

      Data as a Kandinksy Painting

      I just found this package for R, ‘Kandinsky‘. You can read the logic of what it does here.

      I’m totally into representing data as art, so I thought I would feed all 900+ annotations my ‘Crafting Digital History’ class is making across the web through it

      • Grab all the annotations using Lincoln’s ‘Hypothesisr‘ package.
      • Turn that into tidy data:
      word_counts <- documents %>%
        group_by(user) %>%
        unnest_tokens(word, text) %>% 
        count(user, word, sort = TRUE) %>%
      • feed word_counts into kandinsky

      et volia:


      Now, let’s visualize the stopwords. I also add some custom stopwords to that list (things like ‘digital’, ‘historian’ etc, given nature of the course). Ecco:

      There is something extraordinarily satisfying about those two images. The first captures the entire universe of possible responses that my students are making. In the second, that purple circle seems to my mind to correspond with the normal stopwords and the squiggles my additions. Let us know subtract the second from the first:

      Interesting, this visualization of what remains after the stopwords are applied…

      I can also do some other fun things with my annotations, such as term frequency – inverse distribution frequency to find out what words tend to characterize which students’ annotations. As a Kandinsky painting:

      Let’s paint our feelings – here’s the sentiment of the annotations (‘affin’):

      And here’s the same data again, but sorted from most positive to most negative:

      Finally, let’s finish off with a topic model and then the top terms from the topic model:

      Data is beautiful.

      What does it mean? Well, that might take another post or two. Maybe the meaning would emerge if I also sonified, or 3d printed, this data. If we use the full sensorium…

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Early human's ability to survive through prolonged arid areas in southern Africa

      The flexibility and ability to adapt to changing climates by employing various cultural innovations...

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Restauro Archeologico

      Restauro Archeologico
      ISSN 1724-9686 (print)
      ISSN 2465-2377 (online)
      Restauro Archeologico (RA­) è un periodico scientifico internazionale, semestrale, pubblicato in stampa e modalità Open Access.

      RA pubblica articoli sottoposti a peer review – in italiano, inglese, spagnolo, francese e tedesco – sulla conoscenza, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio architettonico d’interesse archeologico e di quello allo stato di rudere e si pone l’obiettivo di focalizzare l’attenzione sulle metodologie di studio e d’intervento su manufatti architettonici riferibili a contesti archeologici o ad essi connessi (pluristratificazioni).

      Il restauro archeologico può comprendere, per modalità d’intervento e finalità di valorizzazione, oltre ai manufatti riferibili all’antichità, anche tutti i manufatti che, per provenienza, condizioni di utilizzo e stato di manutenzione sono ridotti a rudere; ad esempio, sugli edifici in disuso, o in rovina di epoca moderna, si potrà intervenire con procedure simili a quelle utilizzate per le testimonianze di epoca antica, con la principale finalità di conservarne la memoria, come nel caso dell’archeologia industriale. La rivista ambisce, quindi, a costituire una finestra privilegiata di osservazione dei diversi approcci conservativi in funzione dei molteplici contesti geopolitici e culturali. In quest’ottica, ampio spazio è dato agli aspetti di multidisciplinarietà insiti nella pratica del restauro, con un’attenzione particolare ai progressi metodologici e tecnici della disciplina.

      Restauro Archeologico (RA­) is a scientific international print and open access journal, issued every six months.

      RA publishes articles peer-reviewed – in Italian, English, Spanish, French and German, sulla concerning the knowledge, conservation, and valorisation of all endangered, neglected, or ruined architectural structures and aims to focus attention on the methodologies of study and intervention on architectural heritage in archaeological contexts or connected to them (pluristratification).
      The archaeological restoration may involve, for modes of intervention and enhancement purposes, in addition to the ancient heritage, even all the architectures that, due of their origin, conditions of use and maintenance are reduced to ruins; for instance, interventions could be undertaken on modern buildings that are abandoned or in a state of ruin, using procedures similar to those applied to ancient structures, with the primary purpose of maintaining memory: this is the case, for example, of industrial archaeology.

      Therefore, the journal aims to be a privileged observation window of all possible conservative approaches depending on the geopolitical and cultural multiple contexts. With this in mind, ample space is given to multidisciplinary aspects inherent in the practice of restoration, with special attention to methodological and technical advances in the discipline.

      Seven additional volumes of Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online

      Seven additional volumes of Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Atari, Archaeology, and Authenticity

      As Andrew Reinhard is giving a talk on punk archaeology and Atari, I can’t shake the feeling that I should be writing up our experiences in Alamogordo in 2014 (despite having far more pressing things to deal with). Last week, I suggested that our article could focus on issues of authenticity in the archaeology of the contemporary world.

      Here’s a rough outline:

      Introduction. This is where I need to do the most work in setting up this article and introducing the three ways of engaging and authenticating the Atari excavation. The first section relies on a conventional archaeological discourse. The second section considers the role of the excavations as a transmedia encounter that weaves together the game, the work of excavation, and the documentary film being produced. The third section of the paper will consider the documentary, Atari: Game Over, and reflect on the unpacking 1980s Atari experience – both as game players and through the perspectives of the film director, Zak Penn, and the designer of E.T. Howard Scott Warshaw – as a kind of excavation of childhood (in a Freudian sense). The conclusion will reflect on the Ebay auction of the games from the Alamogordo landfill and  

      1. Describing the Dig. As this article comes a bit more into focus, I can envision the first part of the article presenting a modern archaeological narrative that contributes to creating authenticity in the discipline of archaeology. The nice thing about this, is that I basically already have a draft done. You can check it out here (pdf).

      2. Atari, Archaeology, and the Media. I think the most interesting thing about the Atari excavation is watching the film crew – who funded and organized the dig – deal with the contingencies of an active archaeological excavation while at the same time promoting their work as a media event (in the broadest possible sense of excavating media, producing excavation for the media, and mediating the experience of visitors to the dig). I’ve started drafting some of this section here (pdf).

      3. Atari, Adulthood, and Archaeology. One of the most remarkably things in Zak Penn’s documentary is that he took the work of archaeology quite literally. Not only was his film about digging up E.T. cartridges in New Mexico, but it was also about excavating the 1980s as an experience both for the user of these games and for the folks involved in their production. In many ways, Penn excavated his childhood and the extended childhood of Howard Scott Warshaw who designed the E.T. game. The fall of Atari and the failure of the E.T. game was more than just an economic or financial outcome of mismanagement or changing tastes, but it trapped the experience of the film, the game, and the making of the game in a dreamlike place that excavation revealed. I have parts of this section worked out here and you can watch the documentary here.

      Conclusion: Auctioning and Authenticating Atari. The conclusion will look at the auction of the Atari games on Ebay and consider how the prices and packaging of these games legitimated the various authenticating narratives. This would bring in some of the Ebay data that Andrew Reinhard acquired for us and consider the ethical issues surrounding selling games authenticated, in part, through archaeological methods.

      When I look at what I have already, it is pretty clear that I have the first draft of the article almost done. I just need to revise everything into a more coherent argument and narrative, and, of course, add a bit of a literature review, some historiography, and a bit of an edge. 

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Ivory icon, rare Byzantine gold coin found at Bulgaria’s Rusokastro fortress site

      Archaeologists working at the Rusokastro fortress site near Bourgas on Bulgaria’s southern Black Sea...

      BiblePlaces Blog

      New Evidence Discovered of Babylonian Destruction of Jerusalem

      For the last four months, the Israel Antiquities Authority has been excavating on the east side of the City of David, and today as the traditional anniversary of the temple’s destruction approaches they announced the discovery of evidence of the city’s fall in 586 BC.

      The press release includes a 2-minute video of Joe Uzziel explaining what they found and questions that have been raised.

      In the excavations – concentrated on the eastern slope of the City of David, dwelling places 2,500 years old, once covered by a rockslide, have been revealed. Nestled within the rockslide many findings have surfaced: charred wood, grape seeds, pottery, fish scales and bones, and unique, rare artifacts. These findings depict the affluence and character of Jerusalem, capital of the Judean Kingdom, and are mesmerizing proof of the city's demise at the hands of the Babylonians.

      Among the excavation's salient findings were dozens of jugs which served to store both grain and liquids, a stamp seal appearing on some of them. Furthermore, one of the seals discovered was that of a rosette, a six-petal rose. According to Ortal Chalaf and Dr. Joe Uziel, Israel Antiquities Authority excavation directors: "These seals are characteristic of the end of the First Temple Period and were used for the administrative system that developed towards the end of the Judean dynasty. Classifying objects facilitated controlling, overseeing, collecting, marketing and storing crop yields. The rosette, in essence, replaced the 'For the King' seal used by the previous administrative system."

      The wealth of the Judean kingdom's capital is also manifest in the ornamental artifacts surfacing in situ. One distinct and rare finding is a small ivory statue of a woman. The figure is naked, and her haircut or wig is Egyptian in style. The quality of its carving is high, and it attests to the high caliber of the artifacts' artistic level and the skill par excellence of the artists during this era.

      According to Ortal Chalaf and Dr. Joe Uziel, Israel Antiquities Authority excavation managers, "The excavation's findings unequivocally show that Jerusalem had spread outside of the city walls before its destruction. A row of structures currently under excavation appears beyond the city wall that constituted the eastern border of the city during this period. Throughout the Iron Age, Jerusalem underwent constant growth, expressed both in the construction of the city wall and the fact that the city later spread beyond it. Excavations carried out in the past in the area of the Jewish Quarter have shown how the growth of the community at the end of the 8th Century BCE caused the annexation of the western area of Jerusalem. In the current excavation, we may suggest that following the westward expansion of the city, structures were built outside of the wall’s border on the east as well."

      The story is reported by the Jerusalem Post, Arutz-7, and other outlets.

      Shattered jugs attesting to the destruction (COURTESY OF ELIYAHU YANAI / CITY OF DAVID ARCHIVE)

      Shattered jugs destroyed in Babylonian conquest
      Photo courtesy of Eliyahu Yanai, City of David Archive

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Archaeologists find key to tracking ancient wheat in frozen Bronze Age box

      A Bronze Age wooden container found in an ice patch at 2,650m in the Swiss Alps could help...

      'Holy Grail of Civil War Swords' Found in Massachusetts Attic

      In March, Anne Bentley, curator of art and artifacts at the Massachusetts Historical Society,...

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Institut français d’archéologie orientale: Rapports d’activités annuels (Supplément au bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale)

      [First posted in AWOL 9 May 2012, updated 25 July 2017]

      Institut français d’archéologie orientale: Rapports d’activités annuels (Supplément au bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale)
      ISSN: 1110-2438
      L’IFAO publie chaque année un rapport d'activité dans le Bulletin de Institut français d’archéologie orientale et uniquement en ligne depuis 2012. Voici au format PDF ceux des dernières années. Pour les années précédentes, veuillez consulter le BIFAO en ligne qui comporte à la fin de chaque volume notre rapport d'activité.
      Every year the IFAO publishes a report of its activities in its Bulletin, and on-line since 2012. See here for the last fifteen years in PDF format. For previous years, see BIFAO on-line : the end of each volume holds the activity report. 

      See also the list of open access IFAO Périodiques en ligne

      Tabella Defixionis Project

      Tabella Defixionis Project
      Tabella Defixionis Project se propose de rescencer les tablettes de défixions découvertes à travers le monde gréco-romain. En effet, c'est à ce jour plus de 2000 tablettes qui ont été mises au jour. Elles constituent une base essentielle du travail de l'Historien qui s'intéresse à ces civilisations et à l'histoire des mentalités. 

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      1,100-year-old coin found in royal Pictish power centre

      A 1,100-year-old coin is among a series of discoveries made at what experts believe was a royal...

      Nottingham archaeologist uncovers secrets of sunken ‘pirate city’ in Jamaica

      Dr Jon Henderson, from the University of Nottingham, carried out a high resolution survey of the...

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      Psalm 137: The Oxford University Press Playlist

      Songs of exile: a playlist for Psalm 137 Oxford University Press shared some settings of Psalm 137 on their blog, as musical accompaniment to their book about that Psalm, Song of Exile by David Stowe. This is a really useful resource, as it includes some classics that were unmissable, but also things that it would [Read More...]

      Jim Davila (

      Reeves and Reed, Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages

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      Isbell on Paul & Judaism

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Paul and the Stegosaurus

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Ancient wine press excavated at Ramat Negev

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Funds available for emergency conservation of documentary heritage – Prince Claus Fund

      Passing on a funding opportunity by the Prince Claus Fund, which offers funding for documentary heritage that has come under urgent need for preservation in emergency situations. Projects in Asia are eligible for funding. Full details in the link below. The Prince Claus Fund, through its Cultural Emergency Response programme (CER), and the Whiting Foundation … Continue reading "Funds available for emergency conservation of documentary heritage – Prince Claus Fund"

      Compitum - publications

      F. Salvador Ventura et alii (éd.), Autoridad y autoridades de la iglesia antigua


      Francisco Salvador Ventura, Pedro Castillo Maldonado, Purificación Ubric Rabaneda et Alberto J. Quiroga Puertas (éd.), Autoridad y autoridades de la iglesia antigua, Grenade, 2017.

      Éditeur : Editorial Universidad de Granada
      555 pages
      ISBN : 978-84--338--60-7
      38 €

      En palabras de E. Pagels,“Las ideas por sí solas no hacen que una religión sea poderosa, aunque esta no pueda tener éxito sin ellas; igualmente importantes son las estructuras sociales y políticas que identifican a las personas y las unen dentro de una afiliación común”. Pues bien, las estructuras que explican que el cristianismo, nacido como una minúscula secta judaica, triunfase como una religión poderosa, son sus iglesias. Conformadas en el seno del Imperio y en los epígonos de la Antigüedad, se articularon en torno al concepto romano de la auctoritas, personificado en unas figuras que, con sus ideas y aportaciones,dejaron una huella indeleble no sólo en el cristianismo antiguo, sino en historia de la cultura occidental. Como indica su título, deAutoridad y Autoridadesde la Iglesia Antigua trataeste libro.Con la participaciónde treinta y seis especialistas –historiadores, hebraístas, biblistas, filólogos helenistas y latinistas, procedentes de universidades nacionales y extranjeras–, aborda la auctoritas y las principales personalidades que dieron forma al cristianismo y sus iglesias en la Antigüedad, de Jesús de Nazaret a Beda el Venerable. Dedicado al profesor José Fernández Ubiña, sirva como reconocimiento a toda una vida académica presidida por la honradez y el rigor intelectual.


      Source : Editorial Universidad de Granada

      Bryn Mawr Classical Review

      2017.07.37: Attic Oratory and Performance. Routledge monographs in classical studies

      Review of Andreas Serafim, Attic Oratory and Performance. Routledge monographs in classical studies. London; New York:Pp. 144. $149.95. ISBN 9781138828353.

      2017.07.36: The Isthmus of Corinth: Crossroads of the Mediterranean World

      Review of David K. Pettegrew, The Isthmus of Corinth: Crossroads of the Mediterranean World. Ann Arbor: 2016. Pp. xiii, 290. $85.00. ISBN 9780472119844.

      2017.07.35: Un rituel osirien en faveur de particuliers à l’époque ptolémaïque: Papyrus Princeton Pharaonic Roll 10. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion 15

      Review of Sandrine Vuilleumier, Un rituel osirien en faveur de particuliers à l’époque ptolémaïque: Papyrus Princeton Pharaonic Roll 10. Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion 15. Wiesbaden: 2016. Pp. xii, 644. €148.00. ISBN 9783447104548.

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      [Lecture] A New Interpretation on the Eastern Limit of Ptolemy’s World Map and its Influence on European Worldview in the Evolution of Southeast Asian Mapping

      Readers in Bangkok may be interested in this talk at the Siam Society by Trongjai Hutangkura on 31 August 2017. The Geography, written in the second century CE by Claudius Ptolemy (c. 100 ce- c. 170 ce), described the Earth’s geography through knowledge from Greco-Roman trade routes. The map India beyond the Ganges presented geographical … Continue reading "[Lecture] A New Interpretation on the Eastern Limit of Ptolemy’s World Map and its Influence on European Worldview in the Evolution of Southeast Asian Mapping"

      [Lecture] A Mauryan–Śunga Period Ringstone: 3rd-1st Century BCE, found in Peninsular Thailand

      Readers in Bangkok may be interested in this lecture at the Siam Society on 24 August 2017 by Anna Bennett. In October 2014, a finely decorated Śunga ringstone was found by the owner of a sand quarry on the Tha Tapao River on the eastern side of Isthmus region of the Thai peninsula. The ringstone … Continue reading "[Lecture] A Mauryan–Śunga Period Ringstone: 3rd-1st Century BCE, found in Peninsular Thailand"

      [Lecture] Tantrism and State Formation in Southeast Asia

      Readers in Singapore may be interested in this lecture by Andrea Ancri at the Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre on 14 August 2017. Tantrism and State Formation in Southeast Asia The socio-religious phenomenon we now call “Tantrism” dominated the religious and ritual life in much of South and Southeast Asia from around 500 CE to 1500 CE and … Continue reading "[Lecture] Tantrism and State Formation in Southeast Asia"

      [Lecture] Ancient Peninsular Siam and its Neighborhood

      Readers in Bangkok may be interested in this lecture at the Siam Society by my colleague Wannasarn Noonsuk in 10 August 2017. Dr Noonsuk is the Senior Specialist in Visual Arts at SPAFA. This talk provides observations concerning socio-cultural development in Peninsular Siam and its significance in maritime Southeast Asia since the Iron Age. This … Continue reading "[Lecture] Ancient Peninsular Siam and its Neighborhood"

      UP study offers clues to ancient biodiversity, early human movement in Southeast Asia

      via UP Press Office, 18 July 2017: The prehistoric shell tools uncovered in Mindoro by the team of archaeologists, geologists, ecologists, geneticists and social scientists from the University of the Philippines could point to the start of a transition from hunting/gathering to the agricultural or semi-agricultural subsistence strategies of our ancestors. Since 2012, the team … Continue reading "UP study offers clues to ancient biodiversity, early human movement in Southeast Asia"

      Cambodia housed many universities during Angkor era

      via Phnom Penh Post, 25 July 2017: I think a caveat must be made about the different meaning of ‘education’ and ‘university’ during Angkorian times… When thinking about the Angkor era, it is common for one to conjure up images of towering infrastructure structures, such as the temples of Angkor Wat. However, what is less … Continue reading "Cambodia housed many universities during Angkor era"

      Archaeology Magazine

      Christian Crucifix Found at Michigan’s Fort Michilimackinac

      Michigan brass crucifixMACKINAW CITY, MICHIGAN—According to a report by 9 & 10 News, archaeologists working at the site of an eighteenth-century fur trader’s home in Fort Michilimackinac have discovered a small brass crucifix. Archaeologist Lynn Evans suggested the artifact may be older than the British trade silver uncovered at the site last week. Located on the shore of the Straits of Mackinac, the fort was constructed by French soldiers in 1715 and thrived as a center of the fur trade, even after the British took control in 1761. During the Revolutionary War, however, the British demolished the fort and moved the fur trading hub to Mackinac Island. The cross was found in the rubble left behind at the site of the original fort. For more on archaeology in Michigan, go to “Leftover Mammoth.”

      Byzantine-Era Wine Press Discovered in Israel

      Negev wine pressRAMAT NEGEV, ISRAEL—A 1,600-year-old wine press has been found in a large building along the incense trade route in the southern Negev desert, according to a report in The Times of Israel. Archaeologist Tali Gini of the Israel Antiquities Authority said the stone building measured about 44 yards square—large enough to have supplied wine for an army unit or for export throughout the Byzantine Empire. Its juice run-off pit could have held more than 1,500 gallons. “In the entire southern Negev region, there is only one other wine press that is included inside an enclosed structure,” commented archaeologist Yoram Chaimi. Gini thinks the winepress fell out of use after a sixth-century plague, when there was less need for wine in the region. For more, go to “A Prehistoric Cocktail Party.”

      1,100-Year-Old Coin Unearthed in Scotland

      Scotland coin fortABERDEEN, SCOTLAND—The Scotsman reports that a ninth-century coin was found alongside evidence of a longhouse at Burghead Fort, a site researchers believe to have been a Pictish power center in northeast Scotland. The site is thought to have been occupied between 500 and 1000 A.D., and was largely destroyed by a nineteenth-century building project. The Alfred the Great coin, discovered in the longhouse's floor layers, was pierced, so it may have been worn by its owner. “The coin is also interesting as it shows that the fort occupants were able to tap into long-distance trade networks,” said Gordon Noble, senior lecturer at the University of Aberdeen. For more on archaeology in Scotland, go to “Lost and Found (Again).”

      July 25, 2017

      ArcheoNet BE

      ‘In de Cop op de Merckt’: onderzoek van een 16de-eeuwse Dendermondse beerput

      Vorige week stelde de Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen In de Cop op de Merckt voor, de rijk geïllustreerde neerslag van het archeologisch onderzoek van een eeuwenoude beerput in het huis De Cop aan de Grote Markt in Dendermonde. De put werd in 2005 ontdekt bij renovaties in de kelders van De Cop, waarna een team archeologen de volledige vulling meticuleus onderzocht, bemonsterde en uitzeefde. Dit leverde een ongekende schat aan informatie op over het dagelijks leven van de 16de-eeuwse bewoners van het pand.

      De eerste vermeldingen van het huis De Cop dateren uit de veertiende eeuw. Het gebouw werd opgericht aan de buitenzijde van het burchtdomein, dat afgeboord was door een natte gracht. Die begrenzing schemert tot op heden door in de vorm van de Grote Markt. Tot in de vijftiende eeuw vormde het huis een eenheid met de aanpalende woning, onder de naam Het Gulden Hoofd. Bij de splitsing kreeg dit deel de naam De Gulden Cop, later ook wel eens de Zilveren Cop genoemd. Het oorspronkelijke pand werd in 1847 afgebroken en vervangen door het huidige gebouw. De historische kelders bleven wel nog grotendeels bewaard.

      Het was bij renovatiewerken in die kelders dat de beerput – aldus herkenbaar aan de hand van twee stortgaten – in 2005 bij toeval aan het licht kwam. Tussen februari en april 2005 onderzochten archeologen van de stad, in samenwerking met het toenmalige Vlaams Instituut voor het Onroerend Erfgoed (VIOE), meticuleus de vulling van de put. Daaruit bleek dat, ondanks het feit dat de put wellicht reeds aan het einde van de veertiende eeuw werd geconstrueerd, de vulling in de eerste helft van de zestiende eeuw moest worden gedateerd. De put was dus tijdens de vele decennia van zijn gebruik meermaals geledigd, hetgeen echter niet ongewoon was voor dergelijke contexten. Zeventiende-eeuws materiaal werd niet aangetroffen, wat erop duidt dat de definitieve opgave vóór die eeuw moet hebben plaatsgevonden.

      Groene ribbelbeker (foto: Hans Denis)

      Nagenoeg uniek voor Vlaanderen is dat de volledige putinhoud, in totaal zo’n 4200 liter sediment, werd uitgezeefd. Hierbij trachtte men steeds de stratigrafie van de putvulling te respecteren, eerder dan de inhoud als één geheel te lichten. Een aanzienlijke tijdsinvestering, maar wel met een bijzonder rijke wetenschappelijke return. Aangevuld met de talrijke staalnames bieden de uitgezeefde vondsten, fauna- en faunaresten ons een buitengewoon complete blik op het dagelijkse leven van welgestelde burgers uit het 16de-eeuwse Dendermonde.

      De verschillende vondstcategorieën werden door specialisten terzake uitgewerkt en verzameld in dit werk dat, aldus gedeputeerde Jozef Dauwe (en tevens mede-eigenaar van De Cop), getuigt van ‘een onderzoek dat zonder meer als een model binnen de Nederlanden mag gelden’.

      Praktische informatie: Het boek In De Cop op de Merckt, onder redactie van Dimitri Beeckman en Carolien Van Hecke, telt 304 bladzijden en is verkrijgbaar voor 40 euro (exclusief verzendkosten). Het boek kan aangekocht worden in de betere boekhandel of aan de balie van PAC Het Zuid aan het W. Wilsonplein 2, 9000 Gent (enkel elektronische betaling). Ook is het te bestellen via website of via e-mail:




      AIA Fieldnotes

      Archaeology: Excavations at the Hoot Owl Site

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Main Street Guymon
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 14, 2017 - 2:00pm

      Alesha Marcum-Heiman, a graduate research assistant from the University of Oklahoma, will talk about the Hoot Owl Site, a rock shelter located at the Hoot Owl Ranch east of Kenton, Cimarron County, Oklahoma.


      Melyn Johnon
      Call for Papers: 

      Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

      Uh oh

      I’ve taught ‘Crafting Digital History’ twice before. Once as a face to face course complete with lectures and in-class exercises, and once as a fully online course. The workbook now approaches 200 pages when it is printed out. One takeway from the 2016 edition was that I didn’t want to be writing tutorials and supporting students across multiple operating systems.

      Especially Windows. Windows drives me up the freakin’ wall.

      Because I also like to learn, and I’m trying to push for reproducibility as a goal in digital history (of methods at least, and re-visiting of conclusions) and in digital archaeology, I had it in mind for some time that some sort of virtual machine would be great. Everybody would be on the same platform. I would only have to write one set of materials. But experiments with virtual machines kept throwing up the same issues of getting the damned machine installed and configured correctly across multiple operating systems. I especially loathe those back-to-school specials with 2 gb that so many of my students seem to have (if you only do a bit of wordprocessing and facebook, good enough I suppose).

      Enter DHBox.

      I love DHBox. I love the concept. I love the philosophy of openness baked in. I decided ‘go big or stay home’ and so I rewrote the 2017 version of the course to use DHBox nearly exclusively. And up until about, oh, 11.30 last night, things were going great.

      A troubling error message, but not the end of the world. We had already increased the amount of memory allocated to our DHBox twice already (we have it installed on top of an stack). Earlier, in the run up to the course, we tried to estimate how much memory the students would need. I wanted the students to work with real digitized materials that hitherto had not attracted any attention – the Shawville Equity’s print run from 1883-2010. I figured I could teach them how to use wget to download this stuff, and then in the next module I’d teach them various ways of looking at it, exploring it, extracting interesting stuff from it. Earlier, I’d also taught them how to use Twarc to download materials from Twitter, suggesting they use the ‘canada150′ hashtag (Non-Canadians: it’s 150 years from Confederation, whence sprungeth modern-ish Canada).


      Being only a few weeks from the official day of celebrations (July 1) meant that there were, oh I don’t know, hundreds of thousands of tweets with that tag available via Twarc. Multiply by # of students.

      Number of editions of the Equity available for download: 1595. Each one between 8 and 20 high-rez pages. Even though I asked the students to only download a few years’ worth, multiply by malformed Wget and/or processes left running…. (I had shown them and walked them through how to identify and kill running processes when necessary, but alas…)

      And so I sent a call out to Andrew who has been supporting this class above and beyond the call of duty. He’s on vacation. But he tried to help me out regardless, and set things in motion to increase our memory allocation. Unfortunately, we’d clogged the pipes so badly that this process has itself gone sideways in ways that I am unable to explain (server-side stuff ain’t my bag, as Austin Powers might say).

      And so we are currently DHBox-free. While this has caused me a mild heart-attack, it’s not really as bad as it might first seem. I still have all of my materials written from last year where I was supporting individual operating systems, so I just dusted that off (thank you, O Github repository) and gave it to the students who needed it.

      The only thing that is seriously hurt at this point is my pride, and the loss of some downloaded data. The final projects – where I imagined them all collaborating on different aspects of that particular dataset – will need to be rejigged a bit, but it’s all going to be ok.

      It’ll be ok.




      Featured Image by Simson Petrol on Unsplash

      Thibaud Fournet et al. (Balneorient)

      Collective Baths in Egypt (2)

      L’IFAO a le plaisir de vous annoncer la sortie des actes du colloque Balnéorient du Caire (2010) augmentés d’études inédites, de quatre synthèses et du catalogue illustré de tous les bains d’Égypte 


      Presentation of the volume (En /Ar /Fr)

      Over the past decade the Antique and Medieval Baths of Egypt programme of the IFAO and the Balnéorient group have conducted multidisciplinary studies of the collective baths and bathing culture of Egyptian societies from the 4th century BC until the Ottoman period. Following an initial volume published in 2009 that served as an introduction to the project, the present publication gathers a collection of in-depth case studies of very recently excavated baths, as well as thematic studies examining bath construction and decoration techniques, and the issue of the fuel used to heat bath buildings.

      This volume also contains comprehensive analyses of four significant periods of bathing practice in Egypt, namely the Ptolemaic, Roman, Late Roman/Byzantine and modern period. In addition, the book ends with four catalogues describing and illustrating all the collective baths discovered in Egypt to date (103 buildings). This collaborative work brings to completion more than a decade of fieldwork on baths and bathing in Egypt.

      على مدى العقـد الأخيـر، قـام برنــامج «حمامــات مصـر في العصـور القديمـة والوسـطى»، الذي يشرف عليه المعهـد الفرنسي للآثار الشرقيـة بالقاهــرة (Ifao) ومجموعة بحوث Balnéorient، بإجراء دراسات متعددة التخصصـات عن الحمامــات العامـة وثقافة الاستحمـام في المجتمعـات المصريـة من القرن الرابـع قبـل الميلاد وحتى الفتـرة العثمانيــة.

      يأتي هذا الكتاب، بعد الجزء الأول الذي نشر في عام 2009 والذي كان بمثابة مقدمة أولية لهذا المشروع، ليضم مجموعة من دراسات الحالة المتعمقة لحفائر الحمامات التي تم اكتشافها مؤخرا، كما يضم مقالات مواضيعية عن تقنيات بناء وزخرفة الحمامات والوقود المستخدم لتدفئة مبانيها.

      يحتوي هذا الكتاب أيضا على أربعة دراسات تحليلية شاملة لأربعة عصور رئيسية من استخدام الحمامات العامة في مصر: العصرالبطلمي والعصر الروماني، والعصر الروماني/البيزنطي المتأخر والعصر الحديث. وبالإضافة إلى ذلك، يوجد في نهايته أربعة فهارس تضم وصفا وصورا لجميع الحمامات العامة التي اكتشفت حتى الآن في مصر (103 حمام).

      ويمثــل هذا العمل المشترك إنجــازا لأكثر من عشــر سنــوات من العمل الميداني على الحمامــات العامة وطرق الاستحمــام في مصر.

      Pendant une dizaine d’années, le programme « Bains antiques et médiévaux d’Égypte » de l’Ifao et le groupe de recherche Balnéorient ont mené une série d’études multidisciplinaires portant sur le bain collectif et la culture balnéaire des sociétés égyptiennes entre le IVe s. av. J.-C. et l’époque ottomane.Après un premier volume, publié en 2009, qui a permis de dresser un premier état des lieux, le présent livre réunit des études de cas portant sur des bains très récemment mis au jour et des articles thématiques explorant la question des techniques de construction et de décoration des bains, et celle du combustible utilisé pour chauffer les édifices balnéaires.

      Il comprend aussi quatre articles de synthèse sur quatre périodes majeures de la pratique du bain collectif en Égypte : époque ptolémaïque, Haut Empire, période romano-byzantine et enfin époque moderne. Ils sont accompagnés de quatre catalogues décrivant et illustrant tous les bains collectifs d’Égypte découverts à ce jour (103), présentés à la fin du volume. Ce travail de collaboration représente l’achèvement de plus d’une décennie de travaux de terrain sur les bains et les pratiques balnéaires en Égypte.


      • Bérangère RedonIntroduction


      • Jean-Pierre Brun, Thomas Faucher, Bérangère RedonAn Early Ptolemaic Bath in the Fortress of Bi’r Samut (Eastern Desert)
      • Mohamed Abd el-Rafa Fadl, Wagy Ibrahim Abd el-Nabi, Guy Lecuyot, Bérangère RedonA New Ptolemaic Bath building at Buto/Tell el-Fara‘in – A Preliminary Report
      • Mohamed Kenawi, Nunzia LarosaThe Tholos Bath at Kom Wasit
      • Wolfgang Müller, Mariola HepaTwo Baths from Syene
      • Karol MyśliwiecBaths from the Ptolemaic Period in Athribis (Tell Atrib, Lower Egypt)
      • Aiman Ashmawy AliThe Lost Graeco-Roman Baths of the Eastern Delta
      • Thibaud Fournet, Bérangère RedonBathing in the Shadow of the Pyramids: Greek Baths in Egypt, back to an Original Bath Model

      • Anne-Marie Guimier-Sorbets, Bérangère RedonThe Floors of the Ptolemaic Baths of Egypt: between Technique and Aesthetics



      • Grażyna Bąkowska-Czerner, Rafał CzernerRoman Baths in Marina el-‘Alamein
      • Paola DavoliA New Public Bath in Trimithis (Amheida, Dakhla Oasis)
      • Salah el-Masekh, Thibaud Fournet, Pauline Piraud-Fournet, Mansour Boraik, The Roman Baths at Karnak, between River and Temple, Architectural Study and Urban Context
      • Bérangère RedonThe Missing Baths of the First and Second Centuries in Egypt, A Tentative Explanation
      • Thibaud Fournet, Bérangère RedonRomano-Byzantine Baths of Egypt, the Birth and Spread of a Little-Known Regional Model

      • Charlène Bouchaud, Bérangère RedonHeating the Baths during the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods in Egypt: Comparing the Archaeobotanical and Textual Data


      • Muhammad Hussam al-Din Isma’il, Michel Tuchscherer, Matthieu VanpeeneThe Hammams of the Egyptian Provinces during the Modern and Contemporary Periods: an Inventory


      • Bérangère Redon, Presentation and Principles of the Catalogues
      • Thibaud Fournet, Bérangère RedonI. Catalogue of the Greek Tholos Baths of Egypt
      • Bérangère Redon, Thibaud FournetII. Catalogue of the Small Greek Baths of Egypt
      • Bérangère Redon, Thibaud Fournet, Matthieu VanpeeneIII. Catalogue of the Roman and Byzantine Baths of Egypt
      • Michel Tuchscherer, Matthieu VanpeeneIV. Catalogue of the Egyptian Hammams outside Alexandria and Cairo


      • Bibliography

      En savoir plus / acheter l’ouvrage

      The Stoa Consortium

      OEDUc: Disambiguating EDH person RDF working group

      One of the working groups at the Open Epigraphic Data Unconference (OEDUc) meeting in London (May 15, 2017) focussed on disambiguating EDH person RDF. Since the Epigraphic Database Heidelberg (EDH) has made all of its data available to download in various formats in an Open Data Repository, it is possible to extract the person data from the EDH Linked Data RDF.

      A first step in enriching this prosopographic data might be to link the EDH person names with PIR and Trismegistos (TM) references. At this moment the EDH person RDF only contains links to attestations of persons, rather than unique individuals (although it attaches only one REF entry to persons who have multiple occurrences in the same text), so we cannot use the EDH person URI to disambiguate persons from different texts.

      Given that EDH already contains links to PIR in its bibliography, we could start with extracting (this should be possible using a simple Python script) and linking these to the EDH person REF. In the case where there is only one person attested in a text, the PIR reference can be linked directly to the RDF of that EDH person attestation. If, however (and probably in most cases), there are multiple person references in a text, we should try another procedure (possibly by looking at the first letter of the EDH name and matching it to the alphabetical PIR volume).

      A second way of enriching the EDH person RDF could be done by using the Trismegistos People portal. At the moment this database of persons and attestations of persons in texts consists mostly of names from papyri (from Ptolemaic Egypt), but TM is in the process of adding all names from inscriptions (using an automated NER script on the textual data from EDCS via the EAGLE project). Once this is completed, it will be possible to use the stable TM PER ID (for persons) and TM person REF ID (for attestations of persons) identifiers (and URIs) to link up with EDH.

      The recommended procedure to follow would be similar to the one of PIR. Whenever there’s a one-to-one relationship with a single EDH person reference the TM person REF ID could be directly linked to it. In case of multiple attestations of different names in an inscription, we could modify the TM REF dataset by first removing all double attestations, and secondly matching the remaining ones to the EDH RDF by making use of the order of appearance (in EDH the person that occurs first in an inscription receives a URI (?) that consists of the EDH text ID and an integer representing the place of the name in the text (e.g., is the first appearing person name in text HD000001). Finally, we could check for mistakes by matching the first character(s) of the EDH name with the first character(s) of the TM REF name. Ultimately, by using the links from the TM REF IDs with the TM PER IDs we could send back to EDH which REF names are to be considered the same person and thus further disambiguating their person RDF data.

      This process would be a good step in enhancing the SNAP:DRGN-compliant RDF produced by EDH, which was also addressed in another working group: recommendations for EDH person-records in SNAP RDF.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world
      Sacred art is alive: it is a major component of the identities of living people and communities. Theft of sacred art is theft from everyone. Destruction of sacred items is profoundly destabilizing. The theft, trafficking, and destruction of sacred art is a special subset of the larger study of the movement of illicit art and antiquities. It has its own unique causes and, perhaps, its own unique solutions.

      The purpose of this site is to try to understand this phenomenon better by collecting information. Find here articles and papers about the theft and destruction of the art and architecture of the world’s religious traditions and documentation of efforts to protect these sites and items.

      Open Access Journal: Le Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (BIFAO)

      [First posted in AWOL 6 July 2009. Updated 25 July 2017]

      Le Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (BIFAO)
      Le BIFAO est maintenant disponible en ligne pour tous les numéros jusqu’au 100 (2000). Le site rassemble près de 1 650 articles pour un total de plus de 35 000 pages de texte et d’illustrations, permettant l’accès direct aux numéros de la revue qui sont actuellement pour une très grande part épuisés. Ce site est destiné à être mis à jour régulièrement. Les sommaires de tous les numéros (1 à 111) sont également accessibles sur ce site.  
      Issu d’un projet lancé par l’Ifao en 2001, cet outil de recherche est le fruit de la collaboration, au sein de l’institut, de l’imprimerie, du service des publications et du service informatique. La première phase, réalisée à l’imprimerie, a consisté à scanner les 95 premiers volumes du Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, puis à appliquer aux fichiers obtenus le traitement optique de reconnaissance des caractères. Les numéros récents déjà disponibles sous forme électronique ont été ajoutés. Le service des publications a effectué ensuite la relecture et la correction des tables des matières. L’ensemble des données a ensuite été transmis au service informatique qui a réalisé l’indexation du texte et sa mise en ligne.
      Volumes up to and including 111 (2011) are open access:
      See also the list of open access IFAO Périodiques en ligne

      ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

      Silk Textiles in the Southern Levant

      The Hebrew word for silk appears only twice in the Bible. But after 400 CE, as Christianity and pilgrimage expanded, silk from Egypt and Syria began to appear, and to be preserved in the arid zones of the Southern Levant.

      The post Silk Textiles in the Southern Levant appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

      AIA Fieldnotes

      International Archaeology Day

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Museum of Ontario Archaeology
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 21, 2017

      Experience Archaeology hands on during International Archaeology Day at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology. 

      Activities include;


      * Floatation 

      * Archaeology Demonstrations

      * Guided Tours of the Permanent Gallery and Medway Heritage Forest

      * Cookie Excavations

      * Archaeologists on-site

      * Special Paleoethnobotony exhibition




      Nicole Aszalos
      Call for Papers: 

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Bakken Goes Boom Roundtable at the Northern Great Plains History Conference

      What are you doing on Thursday, October 5th, from 2-4 pm?

      If you’re in the Grand Forks, you should come out and see our panel at the Northern Great Plains History Conference:

      Boom Goes the Bakken

      Chair: William R. Caraher,
      University of North Dakota

      Clarence Herz, North Dakota’s Super Boom: How Fracking Changed Production in the Bakken
      North Dakota State University

      Nikki Berg Burin, From Prohibition to Safe Harbor: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of North Dakota’s Commercial Sex Laws
      University of North Dakota

      Richard Rothaus, Tales of Murder and Mayhem: Historical Violence in the Bakken
      North Dakota University System

      Bret Weber, Aliens in the Bakken: Precarity and Workforce Housing.
      University of North Dakota

      William R. Caraher, The Bakken Gaze: Tourism, Petroculture, and Modern Views of an Industrial Landscape
      University of North Dakota

      Comment: Audience

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      1,600 years ago, soldiers may have quaffed wine from this desert press

      While Israel is famous for greening the desert, a recent find of a 1,600-year-old wine press in the...

      AIA Fieldnotes

      My name is Sajetta

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Museum of Central Bohemia in Roztoky
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am

      In celebration of International Archaeology Day 2017 we would like to invite the public to Roztoky u Prahy. This year we will focus on life in Neolithic based on our exhibition "My name is Sajetta". On October 21 we will organize several guided tours of the exhibition at Středočeské muzeum v Roztokách u Prahy. It is the last chance to see the exhibition about the life of a Neolithic girl Sajetta for it ends on October 22! Moreover there will be workshops and special program for children. In the afternoon you may listen to the real Neolithic music, so be sure to come!


      Barbora Urbanová
      Call for Papers: 

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Imaging Reveals Medieval Manuscript Hidden in Book Binding

      In the mid-16th century, a bookbinder picked up a piece of parchment — one that was already...

      Jim Davila (

      Daf Yomi: starting tractate Sanhedrin

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      The Menorah exhibition and the history of Roman Jewry

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Oy va-avoy!

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      What is Tisha B’Av?

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      By Their Tweets You Shall Know Them

      I had the idea for this rephrasing of Matthew 7:20 when having a discussion about actions and beliefs in Sunday school. The background image is a full-page spread that the New York Times made of all the people, places, and things that Donald Trump had insulted on Twitter. What do you think? Perhaps we should incorporate [Read More...]

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Borobudur targets 2 million visitors by 2019

      via Jakarta Post, 20 July 2017: The Borobudur Tourism Authority Board has just been set up, and its goal is to attract 2 million visitors by 2019. The new BOP will turn Borobudur into a national and international cultural destination that will attract 2,000,000 overseas tourists by the year of 2019. Source: Borobudur Tourism Authority … Continue reading "Borobudur targets 2 million visitors by 2019"

      Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

      Les Scythes des steppes de l’Ukraine d’après les données anthropologiques

      Kruc S. I. (2017) : Скифы степей Украины по антропологическим данным /  Skify stepej Ukrainy po antropologicheskim dannym, Kiev — Berlin [Les Scythes des steppes de l’Ukraine d’après les données anthropologiques]. Cet ouvrage s’intéresse aux Scythes de la steppe ukrainienne … Lire la suite

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      [Lecture] The Emergence of Complex Behaviour: Examples from Ancient Southeast Asia

      Readers in Canberra may be intestested in this upcoming talk by Marc Oxenham in August 9 This presentation explores the evidence for the emergence of complex behaviour in the past, using Southeast Asia as an illustrative example. I ask what defines complexity in an archaeological sense and discuss this in terms of evidence for major … Continue reading "[Lecture] The Emergence of Complex Behaviour: Examples from Ancient Southeast Asia"

      Bryn Mawr Classical Review

      2017.07.34: Praxagoras of Cos on Arteries, Pulse and Pneuma. Studies in Ancient Medicine, 48

      Review of Orly Lewis, Praxagoras of Cos on Arteries, Pulse and Pneuma. Studies in Ancient Medicine, 48. Leiden; Boston: 2017. Pp. 350. $151.00. ISBN 9789004337428.

      2017.07.33: A Guide to Neo-Latin Literature

      Review of Victoria Moul, A Guide to Neo-Latin Literature. Cambridge; New York: 2017. Pp. xxviii, 488. $140.00. ISBN 9781107029293.

      2017.07.32: Scepticisme et religion: constantes et évolutions, de la philosophie hellénistique à la philosophie médiévale. Monothéismes et philosophie, 21

      Review of Anne-Isabelle Bouton-Touboulic, Carlos Lévy​, Scepticisme et religion: constantes et évolutions, de la philosophie hellénistique à la philosophie médiévale. Monothéismes et philosophie, 21​. Turnhout: 2016. Pp. 300. €80.00 (pb). ISBN 9782503565453.

      2017.07.31: Vestigia: miscellanea di studi storico-religiosi in onore di Filippo Coarelli nel suo 80° anniversario. Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge, 55

      Review of Valentino Gasparini, Vestigia: miscellanea di studi storico-religiosi in onore di Filippo Coarelli nel suo 80° anniversario. Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge, 55. Stuttgart: 2016. Pp. 786. €94.00. ISBN 9783515107471.

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      When the Malay cannons boomed

      via New Straits Times, 23 July 2017: A feature on the cannons of Kota Kuala Kedah in northern Malaysia. Cannons were already in common use in Europe by the mid 14th century. During that same time the Arabs began using cannons as effective siege machines during their assaults on Spain. By the time Lopez D’Sequeira … Continue reading "When the Malay cannons boomed"

      Matthew Law (Adventures in archaeology, human palaeoecology and the internet...)

      Interview: 2 years of Open Quaternary

      Our open access journal Open Quaternary is now two years old (see So we started a journal…). To mark this anniversary, our publishers Ubiquity Press interviewed Suzanne Pilaar Birch and I, which you can read here:

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Phnom Penh Post feature on the Preah Khan of Kompong Svay

      via Phnom Penh Post, 14 Juy 2017: The Phnom Penh Post has a feature in Khmer about the Preah Khan of Kompong Svay, the largest Angkorian complex ever built. It is an isolated site, located about 100 km from the Angkor Archaeological Park. Article is in Khmer. ព្រះវិហារៈ បើទោះ​បី​នាពេល​បច្ចុប្បន្ន​នេះ​ផ្លូវ​ឆ្ពោះ​ទៅ​តំបន់​រមណីយដ្ឋាន​ប្រាសាទ​បុរាណ ដែល​មាន​សភាព​ស្រួល​បួល​គ្រាន់​បើ អាច​ឲ្យ​រថយន្ត​គ្រប់​ប្រភេទ​បើក​ចូល​ទៅ​ដល់​បានក្តី ក៏គេ​កម្រ​ឃើញ​មាន​ក្រុម​ទេសចរ​ក្នុង​ស្រុក​ Source: ប្រាសាទ​បាកាន​ ខ្សត់​ភ្ញៀវ​ជាតិ​ទស្សនា … Continue reading "Phnom Penh Post feature on the Preah Khan of Kompong Svay"

      Heritage tours to be packaged around Sambor Prei Kuk

      via Khmer Times, 24 July 2017: Cambodia is to create a heritage tourism package after Kampong Thom’s Prei Kuk Temple was listed by UNESCO. Source: Heritage tours to be packaged – Khmer Times

      First Aid training at Angkor park

      via TTR Weekly, 25 July 2017: Angkor Park staff get CPR training Apsara Authority in a joint effort with a Japanese Volunteer Medical Team launched a one-day First Aid Training session, last week, for 40 tourist officers of the Department of Angkor Tourism Development. According to the authority, the training introduced officers to the basics … Continue reading "First Aid training at Angkor park"

      Archaeology Magazine

      A History of Citrus Fruit

      archaeobotany citrus fruitTEL AVIV, ISRAEL—Archaeobotanist Dafna Langgut of Tel Aviv University has traced the spread of citrus fruit from Southeast Asia to the Mediterranean, according to a report in Live Science. She used ancient texts, murals, coins, and other artifacts to study the ancient citrus trade, and she tracked the spread of citrus fruits from Southeast Asia into the Mediterranean through fossil pollen, charcoals, seeds, and other fruit remains. Langgut found that by the third and second centuries B.C., the citron had spread to the western Mediterranean from the Levant, where a 2,500-year-old fruit was found in a Persian-style garden in Jerusalem. The oldest lemon found in Rome dates to sometime between the late first century B.C. and the early first century A.D. She explained that, at first, lemons and citrons were reserved for the Roman elite, who prized them for their healing qualities, pleasant odor, taste, and symbolic use. She thinks sour oranges, limes, and pomelos may have been grown as cash crops more than a millennium later, which made them available to more people. “The Muslims played a crucial role in the dispersal of cultivated citrus in Northern Africa and Southern Europe, as evident also from the common names of many of the citrus types which were derived from Arabic,” Langgut said. For more on the archaeology of food, go to “The Rabbit Farms of Teotihuacán.”

      18th-Century Plague Victims Unearthed in Medieval Cemetery

      Poland plague victimsPOZNAŃ, POLAND—The remains of three people who may have died during an early eighteenth-century epidemic have been unearthed at the site of a medieval cemetery in west-central Poland, according to a report in Science & Scholarship in Poland. A silver coin helped archaeologists date the burials. “The medieval graves are dug deep beneath the surface of the earth, so it was a surprise to discover three skeletons above them,” said archaeologist Pawel Pawlak. As many as eight or nine thousand people, or 65 percent of the population of Poznań, are thought to have died of the plague in 1709. “The residents of Poznań had to deal with the burials of their loved ones themselves,” Pawlak explained. The bodies are thought to have been buried in a garden near a house. One of the bodies, which appears to have belonged to an elderly woman, had been placed in a pine coffin, and the other two were probably just wrapped in shrouds. Among the medieval burials in the cemetery, Pawlak’s team also found the remains of a man who may have been executed and quartered before he was hastily buried in a pit. For more, go to “Off the Grid: Krakow.”

      Small Pot Unearthed at Scotland’s Ness of Brodgar

      Scotland Neolithic potORKNEY, SCOTLAND—BBC News reports that a rare small pot with a “waisted” profile has been discovered at the Ness of Brodgar, a 5,000-year-old complex of monumental stone buildings enclosed by thick stone walls. Victorian archaeologists suggested such pots could have held incense, perhaps in ceremonies, according to site director Nick Card. He added that such pots seem to be associated with the burials, but analysis of residues in the pots has been inconclusive. The pots could also have been used to carry embers for cremations, he said. To read in-depth about the Ness of Brodgar, go to “Neolithic Europe's Remote Heart.”

      Possible Extinct Human Relative Detected in Saliva

      Saliva gene variantBUFFALO, NEW YORK—According to a report in The International Business Times, researchers led by Omer Gokcumen of the University at Buffalo say they detected a “ghost” species of ancient hominin while they were studying a protein that occurs in saliva and its influence on the bacteria in the human mouth. To study the protein, known as MUC7, the researchers examined the MUC7 gene in more than 2,500 modern human genomes. The researchers say a version of the gene found in people living in sub-Saharan Africa was “wildly different” from those found in other modern humans. Gokcumen explained that even the MUC7 genes from Neanderthal and Denisovan samples were closer to those of other modern human populations than the sub-Saharan variant. He thinks the variation may have been introduced to the population by an as-yet-undiscovered hominin that lived as recently as 150,000 years ago, based upon gene mutation rates. For more, go to “Proteins Solve a Hominin Puzzle.”

      Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

      Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: July 24

      Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

      HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem nonum Kalendas Augustas.

      MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows The Head of Orpheus, and there are more images here.


      TINY MOTTOES: Today's tiny motto is: Iuncti valemus (English: Joined together, we are strong).

      3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word verb-less proverb is Post acerba prudentior (English: After bitter experiences, more wise)

      AUDIO PROVERBS: Today's audio Latin proverb is In pratis ut flos, sic perit omnis honos (English: As a flower in the fields, thus public esteem passes away). To read a brief essay about this proverb and to listen to the audio, visit the Latin Via Proverbs blog.

      ERASMUS' ANIMALS: Today's animal proverb from Erasmus is Citius elephantum sub ala celes (English: You'd more quickly hide an elephant under your arm; from Adagia 2.5.56).

      BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Ne Sis Ventosus. Click here for a full-sized view.

      And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:

      Surgite; lumen adest.
      Get up: it's light.

      Scienter utor.
      I wield it wisely.


      MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una book is Ciconia et Vulpecula, a story of turn-about is fairy play, with English versions here; you will also find the illustrations there which display in this animated gif:

      July 24, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: The Classical Journal Reviews

      [First posted in AWOL 6 March 2015, updated 24 July 2017]

      The Classical Journal Reviews
      ISSN: 0009-8353
      The Classical Journal (ISSN 0009-8353) is published by the Classical Association of the Middle West and South (CAMWS), the largest regional classics association in the United States and Canada, and is now over a century old. All members of CAMWS receive the journal as a benefit of membership; non-member and library subscriptions are also available. CJ appears four times a year (October-November, December-January, February-March, April-May); each issue consists of about 100 pages.

      CJ contains a mix of academic articles and notes on Graeco-Roman antiquity, generally with a literary, historical or cultural focus; paedagogical articles and notes, many having to do with the challenges of teaching Latin and Greek in modern high schools, colleges and universities; book reviews; and a list of books received. In addition, CJ generally publishes the annual CAMWS Presidential Address and the year's Ovationes. Abstracts of all academic articles and notes in volumes 101 (2005-06), 102 (2006-07), 103 (2007-08), 104 (2008-09) and 105 (2009-10) are posted here. PDF versions of a number of recent Forum articles are also available for downloading, and JSTOR links to many others are provided.

      CJ-Online, the journal's list-serve, publishes book reviews, including many that do not appear in the hard-copy portion of the journal. All reviews published in CJ-Online are archived. CJ: Online subscriptions are free, and membership in CAMWS is not required to receive the postings or to publish reviews.

      This page contains all views entered using the new automated system for listing, starting with reviews at the beginning of 2014. For earlier reviews please follow the links on the Main Reviews Page.
      17.06.11 Anaximander. A Re-assessment.
       +Review by Andre Laks
      17.06.10 Classical Traditions in Science Fiction
       +Review by Debbie Felton
      17.06.08 Roman Theories of Translation: Surpassing the Source
       +Review by Christodoulos Zekas
      17.06.06 Commanders & Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire
       +Review by Everett L. Wheeler
      17.06.05 Looking at Bacchae
       +Review by Bruce A. McMenomy
      17.06.02 Theologies of Ancient Greek Religion.
       +Review by Bryan Y. Norton
      17.05.11 World Philology
       +Review by Michela Piccin
      17.05.10 The Senecan Aesthetic: A Performance History
       +Review by Christopher Star
      17.05.08 The Hellenistic Age
       +Review by Mark Thorne
      17.05.07 Virgil, Aeneid 5: Text, Translation and Commentary
       +Review by Antony Augoustakis
      17.05.07 New Worlds from Old Texts: Revisiting Ancient Space and Place
       +Review by Rebecca K. Schindler
      17.05.05 Pliny the Younger: Selected Letters
       +Review by Tom Garvey
      17.05.04 A New Work by Apuleius: The Lost Third Book of the De Platone
       +Review by Lee M. Fratantuono
      17.05.03 A Companion to Roman Art
       +Review by Julia C. Fischer
      17.04.10 Greek Tragedy: Themes and Contexts
       +Review by Adriana Brook
      17.04.09 Dale A. Grote
       +Review by John G. Nordling
      17.04.07 The Treasures of Alexander the Great
       +Review by David W. Madsen
      17.04.06 Nova Ratione: Change of Paradigm in Roman Law
       +Review by Ari Bryen
      17.04.02 Law and Order in Ancient Athens.
       +Review by Filippo Carla-Uhink
      17.04.01 Euripides and the Politics of Form
       +Review by C. Michael Sampson
      17.03.11 Cleopatra’s Needles: The Lost Obelisks of Egypt.
       +Review by Michele Valerie Ronnick
      17.03.05 Ovid: A Poet on the Margins
       +Review by Jo-Marie Claassen
      17.03.04 War and Society in Early Rome: From Warlords to Generals.
       +Review by Carsten Hjort Lange
      17.03.03 A History of Roman Art.
       +Review by Julia C. Fischer
      17.03.03 Latin of New Spain
       +Review by Tom Garvey
      17.03.02 The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion
       +Review by Corey Hackworth
      17.03.01 Der Neue Poseidipp
       +Review by Paul Ojennus
      17.02.12 Euripides and the Gods.
       +Review by Erika L. Weiberg


      Classical Journal Online Book Review Archives

      AUTHOR INDEX 2007–2010
      REVIEWER INDEX 2007–2010
      2007 Book Reviews Archive
      2008 Book Reviews Archive
      2009 Book Reviews Archive
      2010 Book Reviews Archive
      2011 Book Reviews Archive
      2012 Book Reviews Archive
      2013 Book Reviews Archive

      American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

      New Publication: Terracotta Lamps II: 1967-2004 (Isthmia X)

      Terracotta Lamps II: 1967-2004 (Isthmia X) is now published and available for purchase!

      ArcheoNet BE

      Bezoek zondag de 16de-eeuwse brug van de Rode Poort in Antwerpen

      Op de Italiëlei in Antwerpen zijn nieuwe opgravingen aan de gang naar de restanten van de 16de-eeuwse brug aan de Rode Poort. Na 150 jaar zien de brugresten van deze poort en het noordelijk bastion enkele weken het daglicht. Vooraleer de aannemer start met de werken kan het publiek eenmalig een blik werpen op dit waardevol historisch erfgoed. Op zondag 30 juli organiseert de archeologische dienst van stad Antwerpen een opensleufdag voor het grote publiek.

      Van de brug zijn de monumentale brugpijlers in natuursteen en de aanzetten van het gewelf bewaard gebleven. Tussen de brugpijlers zijn ook muren opgetrokken, een tastbaar restant van het waterreservoir voor de Antwerpse bierbrouwers. Van het bastion bij de Rode Poort ligt de zuidzijde aan de oppervlakte en is een stuk van de fundering van het geschutsplatform zichtbaar. Het archeologisch onderzoek op deze site wordt hierna afgerond: de resten worden niet afgebroken, maar blijven bewaard onder de nieuw aan te leggen Noorderleien.

      Het archeologisch onderzoek in het kader van de aanleg van de Noorderlijn in Antwerpen draait deze maanden op volle toeren. De stadsmuur ter hoogte van de F. Rooseveltplaats werd eerder al blootgelegd en onderzocht. Deze wordt nu geïntegreerd in het parking- en tunnelcomplex onder het toekomstige Operaplein. In september start ook de opgraving van de 16de-eeuwse Kipdorpbrug, waarrond een permanente openluchtsite zal worden gerealiseerd.

      Praktisch: de opensleufdag vindt plaats op zondag 30 juli van 13u tot 17u. Toegang ter hoogte van het kruispunt Vondelstraat-Italiëlei. Meer info op

      AIA Fieldnotes

      International Archaeology Day at The Children's Museum of Indianapolis

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by The Children's Museum of Indianapolis
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am

      Roll up your sleeves and get out your pointed trowel! Join us and locations all over the world to celebrate International Archaeology Day with fun and educational archaeology activities! Chat with archaeologists and archaeology students from around Indiana, learn about their research all over the world, and hone your archaeology skills! Activities run from 10:00 a.m.- 3:00 p.m. and are included with the price of admission.

      AIA Society: 


      Ashley Ramsey Hannum
      (317) 334-3721
      Call for Papers: 

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Tycho. Revista de iniciación en la investigación del teatro clásico y grecolatino y su tradición

       [First posted in AWOL 27 July 2015, updated 24 July 2017]

      Tycho. Revista de iniciación en la investigación del teatro clásico y grecolatino y su tradición
      ISSN: 2340-6682
      Tycho es una publicación con una periodicidad anual que desde el marco amplio de las ciencias de la Antigüedad Clásica tiene como objetivo dar apoyo y aliento a los estudiantes en las fases finales de las enseñanzas conducentes a los títulos de Grado y de Máster, que se ocupen del teatro clásico griego y latino así como de su pervivencia en la tradición occidental. 

      Con este fin publica artículos resultado de la revisión y reelaboración de trabajos realizados en los programas de grado y postgrado, en los puntos de inflexión de los procesos de formación académica e investigadora en los que se cierra un periodo formativo y se inicia otro, fundamentalmente Trabajos Final de Grado y Trabajos Final de Máster. 

      Impulsada por el GRATUV (Grup de Recerca i Acció Teatral de la Universitat de València), Tycho surge como una plataforma que dé visibilidad a los jóvenes postgraduados y les sirva de acicate para adentrarse en el complejo mundo de la investigación, en la esperanza de que sea un estímulo para la realización de Trabajos Final de Grado y Trabajos Final de Máster en el ámbito del teatro grecolatino y la tradición clásica basada en él. 

      Creemos, además, que esta publicación puede ser de gran ayuda a los estudiantes en sus primeras etapas en la medida en que les aporta información útil presentada de un modo especialmente accesible para ellos, en un discurso y un lenguaje que les es más cercano.
        • Díaz Marcos, Marina: "Conclamo en el teatro arcaico y clásico latino y en la prosa senequiana"
        • Fellove Marín, Joan: "De la mitología al drama: dos visiones prometeicas en el teatro hispanoamericano de tema clásico"
        • Frade, Sofia: "Audience on Stage: Performing the Eumenides or when the spectator turns into a character"
        • Gómez Seijo, Francisca: "La rhesis de Fedra (373-430): retórica y caracterización"
        • Lozano García, Celia: "La Hécuba de Eurípides: la perra que ladraba a la libertad"
        • Mascarell, Purificació: "Mitología, teatro clásico español y escena. El montaje de La bella Aurora, de Lope de Vega, por Eduardo Vasco (2004)"
        • Morant Giner, Maria: "Reminiscencias de la Orestea en la obra de Héléne Cixous"
        • Muñoz-Santos, María Engracia: "Animales exóticos como actores secundarios en las dramatizaciones mitológicas de la antigua Roma: verdugos en los espectáculos"
        • Navarro Martínez, Vivian Lorena: "La hetera, ¿buena o mala? Un personaje secundario en el punto de mira de la comedia griega"
        • Ramírez Castellanos, Ronald Antonio: "Antimito y estética de la repetición en Jardín de Héroes (2009), de Yerandy Fleites Pérez: un ejemplo del teatro cubano contemporáneo y su revisión de la tragedia griega"
        • Ramos Aguilar, Claudia Adriana: "Creonte o la crónica del aprendizaje trágico"
        • Vinagre, Sandra Pereira: "Casandra entre dos mundos: de personaje secundario a protagonista en la Alemania nazi"

      Turkish Archaeological News

      June 2017 in Turkish archaeology

      Topkapi Palace in Istanbul

      Turkish Archaeological News collects the most important, interesting and inspiring news from Turkish excavation sites. Here's the review for June 2017. Have we missed anything? Let us know by using Contact tab!

      June 1, 2017

      American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

      Meet a Member: Georgia Tsouvala

      Meet Georgia Tsouvala, an Associate Professor of History at Illinois State University who specializes in Greek history, literature and epigraphy.

      ArcheoNet BE

      Donk – Oud Kerkhof in Schulen beschermd als archeologische site

      Onlangs werd de site Donk – Oud Kerkhof in Schulen (Herk-de-Stad) beschermd als archeologische site. De site, die gelegen is in de vallei van de Demer, omvat onder andere sporen van bewoning uit de steentijd, maar is vooral belangrijk omwille van zijn middeleeuwse geschiedenis. Het historisch belang en de uitzonderlijke goede bewaring maken van de locatie een site met een zeer grote archeologische waarde.

      Je leest meer in deze blog op

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      New Open Access Journal: Humanités numériques - Call for Papers

      Humanités numériques
      Humanités numériques est une revue francophone consacrée aux usages savants du numérique en sciences humaines et sociales. Cette revue veut offrir un lieu de réflexion, de débat scientifique et d’expression aux chercheurs et enseignants dont les travaux s’inscrivent dans le champ des humanités numériques. Elle s’adresse donc aux spécialistes des sciences humaines, des sciences sociales et des disciplines liées aux technologies de l’information, ainsi qu’à tous ceux qui se sentent concernés par les transformations numériques des savoirs.
      Humanités numériques est une revue numérique ouverte, à la fois par sa volonté de représenter la diversité des points de vue et par son choix d’une publication en open access. Émanation de l’association francophone Humanistica, elle est conçue comme une réponse collective à la revendication liminaire du Manifeste des Digital Humanities de 2010, première manifestation francophone de ce mouvement : pour constituer, faire connaître et faire reconnaître « une communauté de pratique solidaire, ouverte, accueillante et libre d’accès », nous avons besoin d’une culture commune, élaborée en français mais en constante relation avec les productions des autres aires linguistiques, fondée sur des références et des discussions d’un autre ordre que celles des séminaires, des colloques, des listes de diffusion, des blogs ou des réseaux sociaux.
      La rencontre des sciences de l’homme et de la société avec le calcul, avec l’informatique et avec la culture numérique se rattache à plus d’un demi-siècle de recherches et, au delà, aux métamorphoses millénaires des technologies de l’information. Penser cette histoire, ou plutôt ces histoires nationales et locales, est d’ailleurs l’une des orientations récentes des humanités numériques, qui – nous en prenons acte – incluent aussi bien les réflexions sur les infrastructures, les standards et les outils que la discussion de projets collaboratifs, aussi bien les propositions théoriques que l’inscription dans l’histoire des techniques, aussi bien l’étude des modalités d’accès et de diffusion que l’élaboration de méthodes d’analyse, aussi bien la description des pratiques informatiques devenues ordinaires que la possibilité de nouvelles cultures épistémiques, aussi bien, enfin, les enjeux de l’institutionnalisation que la critique des modes ou des idéologies. Cet inventaire est délibérément ouvert, car la recherche et l’enseignement vivent une époque de transition, dans laquelle les humanités numériques constituent avant tout, à nos yeux, une zone d’échange entre disciplines, entre métiers, entre cultures. Par ses articles et ses dossiers thématiques, et dans un second temps par l’introduction d’autres rubriques, la revue entend stimuler cette réinvention.
      Expérimentation, réflexivité, hybridation, dialogue : tels sont donc les maîtres mots de l’aventure scientifique que nous voulons accompagner, sans illusion technophile, sans irénisme technocratique, mais avec l’enthousiasme et le goût de la découverte qui colorent le plus souvent ces travaux. En vous proposant de contribuer aux premiers numéros de la revue, nous faisons le pari qu’il existe un vivier d’auteurs et d’acteurs prêts à objectiver, chroniquer et critiquer, au sens le plus riche du terme, l’évolution de leurs pratiques et de leur pensée.
      1Sous le titre « Disciplines et/ou humanités numériques », le premier numéro sera consacré aux relations entre les disciplines existantes et les technologies numériques. Il s’agira de saisir des pratiques collectives, des parcours personnels, des habitudes méthodologiques, des cadres institutionnels ou des méthodes d’enseignement, dans ce qu’ils ont de typique et d’intéressant. Les contributions pourront prendre la forme d’articles de recherche de format traditionnel, de témoignages et de retours d’expérience.
      2Le deuxième numéro, intitulé « Regards sur des projets en humanités numériques », offrira l’occasion de présenter et de problématiser des projets de recherche en insistant sur leurs aspects les plus pertinents : genèse, inspirations, objectifs scientifiques, modes d’élaboration, choix technologiques, types de collaboration, etc. Nous vous encourageons à proposer une lecture d’un projet même si vous n’en êtes pas l’un des principaux artisans, parce qu’il nous semble fécond de croiser le point de vue des porteurs de projets et celui des usagers que nous sommes tous. Expliciter les critères d’évaluation des projets en humanités numériques est l’un des axes de réflexion envisageables ; vous êtes cependant libres de définir l’approche qui vous convient.
      Vous pouvez également proposer des articles hors des thématiques de nos appels, tant que leur rapport avec les humanités numériques est apparent, ou bien des contributions décrivant des jeux de données scientifiques (data papers).
      Pour ces deux numéros, dont la publication est prévue en 2018, nous vous invitons à soumettre vos propositions pour le 15 décembre 2017 à l’adresse Ces propositions doivent être envoyées au format PDF exclusivement. La longueur des articles n’est pas prédéfinie, même si nous considérons que 50.000 signes, espaces et notes comprises, représentent une limite courante. Les références dans le texte doivent suivre le modèle « auteur-date » (par exemple, « Bourdieu 1977 ») et les références bibliographiques doivent être complètes et cohérentes. Il vous est possible d’intégrer à votre texte des images et des enregistrements audio ou vidéo.
      Après acceptation des articles, nous vous demanderons d’utiliser un modèle actuellement en cours de création. Les fichiers seront fournis dans l’un des formats suivants : DOC, DOCX, LaTeX, ODT ou XML TEI. Ils devront être accompagnés d’un fichier de bibliographie suivant un format structuré : BibTeX, RDF ou RIS ; l’export des références depuis un gestionnaire de bibliographie comme Zotero est recommandé.
      Les auteurs conservent leurs droits sur les articles, mais la publication dans la revue Humanités numériques se fera sous la licence internationale Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike (CC-BY-SA 4.0).
      Nous serons heureux d’échanger avec vous au sujet de vos projets de contributions, si cela vous paraît utile. Par ailleurs, vous pouvez d’ores et déjà nous contacter si vous souhaitez proposer des thèmes, des rubriques et des formats nouveaux.

      Comité de direction : Aurélien Berra, Emmanuel Château, Emmanuelle Morlock, Sébastien Poublanc, Émilien Ruiz, Nicolas Thély. Comité de rédaction : Anne Baillot, Clarisse Bardiot, Marie-Claire Beaulieu, Aurélien Berra, Aurélien Bénel, Jean-Baptiste Camps, Emmanuel Château, Frédéric Clavert, Björn-Olav Dozo, Martin Grandjean, Fatiha Idmhand, Mareike Koenig, Emmanuelle Morlock, Pierre Mounier, Enrico Natale, Sofia Papastamkou, Sébastien Poublanc, Yannick Rochat, Émilien Ruiz, Christof Schöch, Nicolas Thély, Seth Van Hooland. Comité scientifique : Bridget Almas, Paul Bertrand, Florence Clavaud, Claire Clivaz, Marin Dacos, Milad Doueihi, Jean-Daniel Fekete, Christian Jacob, Thomas Lebarbé, Claire Lemercier, Damon Mayaffre, Claudine Moulin, Serge Noiret, Elena Pierazzo, Laurent Romary, Dominique Roux, Michael Sinatra, Stéfan Sinclair, Dominique Stutzmann.

      AIA Fieldnotes

      Improving Sustainability Concept In Developing Countries 2017

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by IEREK
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Tuesday, December 12, 2017 - 9:00am
      Wednesday, December 13, 2017 - 9:00am
      Thursday, December 14, 2017 - 8:59am

      This conference aims to enhance and carefully maneuver through the many roles of sustainable architecture in improving the quality of life and the built environment in developing countries. It seeks to, initially, reduce the negative impact of buildings and, secondly, to conserve energy and enhance the ecology. Both can be achieved through the use of sustainable building materials, saving energy, and using renewable energy, and many more implementations.


      Marwa Eid
      Call for Papers: 
      CFP Deadline: 
      August 27, 2017

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Archaeology of Refugee and Forced Migration

      I spent some time this weekend reading Y. Hamilakis’s edited forum in the Journal of Contemporary Archaeology. Since Bret Weber, Richard Rothaus, and I contributed to the forum, we received an advanced copy and it’s my impression that the forum will be available very soon. The papers consisted of a wide range of reflections on the archaeology of forced and undocumented migrations. Most of the papers dealt explicitly with refugees, but a few, including ours on the Bakken in North Dakota, deal with other forms of undocumented migration which are more difficult to categorize.

      The articles are short and painfully evocative of the plight of modern migrants. Even if you don’t care about archaeology or are skeptical of its value in illuminating the modern world (which you shouldn’t be, but whatever!), the stories presented in this forum are worth reading and contemplating.

      There are some themes as well that extend far beyond the archaeology of forced and undocumented migrations and impact all archaeological work that intersects in a meaningful way with contemporary communities.

      1. Ethics. Almost all of the essays in this forum reflect seriously on the responsibilities and obligations of the archaeologist and ethnographer when studying vulnerable communities. Without explicitly outlining specific ethical positions or practices, the contributors demonstrated how their own encounters with refugees or the material culture of migration was both emotionally and intellectually demanding. From objects like the Tu Do ship in the Australia and the Lampedusa Cross in the British Museum, to maps of migrant movements, clothing, and graffiti, the challenges of using archaeological approaches to unpack the real lives of individuals courses through these essays in a raw and disquieting way. There are no simple imperatives or solutions presented here.

      2. Objects. I found the abundance of relatively un-theorized objects particularly refreshing. This isn’t to mean that objects weren’t considered carefully, respected, treated ethically, or placed within a historical, social, or cultural context. They were by all means. What was absent, however, from these short contributions was the intensive theorizing that objects have recently received from some archaeologists (and I’ll admit that I find the rise of “thing theory” and the material turn tremendously seductive. The objects in these contributions generally shied away from making claims to agency, from demands of symmetry with the archaeologist, and from entanglement in complex discursive ontologies.

      I’m not pointing this out to celebrate the absence of theory or as a critique. Instead, I wonder if the rawness of the this kind of archaeology makes objects somehow less susceptible to agency? 

      3. Methods. The contributions here – with a few exceptions – were also free from lengthy discussions of methods. Some of this is undoubtedly do to the relatively short length of the articles, but I wonder if some of it is also because the approaches to archaeology of the contemporary world are so relatively fluid. As people, objects, and places move, disappear, transform over short periods of time, methods become increasingly ad hoc as efforts to document the material experiences of refugee and migrants requires an acute sensitivity to the complexities of a particular situation.

      This isn’t to say that the contributors were not systematic and careful in their approaches, but, again, the intersection of object, places, and people seems to drive these contributions forward rather than a preoccupation with methods or methodology.

      4. Placemaking. Among the major themes in these essays is the challenge of placemaking in a condition dominated my placelessness or non-places. As the archaeology of the contemporary world approaches the supermodernity of contemporary existence, the challenge of understanding the contours and characters of non-places or places whose existence blinks on and off at the absolutely edge of archaeological awareness.

      Places like refugee cars, camps that are obliterated, coastline or offshore encounters, and ephemeral traces in the desert challenge archaeological resolution and practices (as well, of course, as methods). Whenever I think too hard about what archaeology can do in an era of placelessness I can’t avoid the fear that the tools and techniques associated most closely with the careful and reflective approaches of the humanities might require some modification to contribute to 21st century existence. The contributions included in this forum are a reason for hope, but also, for continued awareness that the past and the present are very different countries. 

      5. Archaeology of Care. Finally, I was really excited to see Richard Rothaus’s term an “archaeology of care” appear periodically in the volume (well, at least in our paper, Kostis Kourelis’s paper, and Y. Hamilakis’s introduction). I could’t help but notice throughout this forum that there were plenty of places where the interest of archaeologists in the lives and material reality of individuals gave as much to refugee and migrant communities as a well argued scholarly article or book. In other words, there were signs that a mutual understanding existed between scholars and migrants that their experiences were significant and important.

      If this forum does nothing else, I hope that it communicates this recognition. 

      David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

      The Hobby Lobby Settlement: A Gathering Storm for Classicists?

      At the outset, I will apologize for the length of this post. It is actually an amalgamation of a couple of posts, with revisions and additions (of course), that I’ve made over the past few years but never actually published because others had covered the main topics more thoroughly than I ever could. But the recent Hobby Lobby settlement, wherein the folks behind the soon-to-open Museum of the Bible and the erstwhile-named Green Scholars program were given a financial slap on the wrist for sketchy importation of a pile of cuneiform tablets. Here’s a smattering of the press coverage if you somehow managed to miss it:

      In the wake of that decision, there have been many OpEds from assorted people both defending and shaking their heads at Hobby Lobby (and the Museum of the Bible), but what I want primarily to focus on are the implications of the recent news of a scholar at Brigham Young University who is the subject of an anonymous accusation of professional impropriety because of his association with the Green Scholars Initiative. Here’s the incipit of a piece in the Salt Lake Tribune to bring you up to speed:

      An anonymous group of “scholars of archaeology” is calling on Brigham Young University to investigate ties between an assistant professor of ancient scripture and Hobby Lobby, which recently become ensnared in allegations of antiquities smuggling.

      In a letter sent to The Salt Lake Tribune and to BYU’s administration and Office of the General Counsel, faculty member Lincoln Blumell is accused of violating professional standards by preparing to publish documents obtained through Hobby Lobby President Steve Green’s Museum of the Bible.

      Green and Hobby Lobby recently agreed to pay a $3 million fine over the acquisition of clay tablets and other artifacts potentially looted from Iraq.

      “It is unclear whether or how much Dr. Blumell knows about the potential legal and ethical issues raised by his association,” the letter states. “Adding value to these artifacts and legitimizing their seizure by publishing them, even in reputable presses by trained scholars, contravenes professional standards of ethics.”

      The coordinator of the letter declined to speak on the record, due to fear of retribution for himself and eight co-authors who have current or previous associations with BYU.

      The writers are urging the Provo school to conduct an “impartial inquiry” into Blumell’s work with Hobby Lobby and the Green family.

      “These activities not only violate the professional standards of virtually all relevant organizations,” the letter states, “they also jeopardize the reputation of Brigham Young University, its students, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,” which owns and operates the school.

      Reached by email, Blumell said he was unaware what publication the letter writers were referencing. He acknowledged conducting research on items in the Green family’s collection, but added that they were separate from the Iraqi tablets and artifacts identified by federal prosecutors.

      “I have identified some Greek Byzantine texts in the Green collection associated with Hobby Lobby,” Blumell wrote, “but they are of a completely different find and provenance than the cuneiform tablets” at issue in the Iraqi case. […]

      A quick look at Blumell’s page suggests that most of the time when he is dealing with documents, they are already in BYU’s collection or they’re from some other well-known collection of papyri (e.g. the POxy series). He admits to looking at some Green Collection-associated documents, but near as I can tell, he (nor anyone else) has published on such. At this point, it certainly looks like Dr Blumell is the target of an attack by unnamed folks with personal axes they figure they can grind.

      But when reading about the travails of Dr Blumell, I couldn’t help but reflect on what we know about the amassing of the Green Collection from a Classics point of view. I also could not help adding to that reflection that 2017 has become the year when social media really came of age, what with a President’s tweets being actually newsworthy, and the whole news cycle becoming essentially a tool of ‘fake news’ or alternatively, confirmation bias. And so, in what follows, I hope to demonstrate how several years of  antiquities acquisition by Scott Carroll merge with the spectacular announcements of a new Sappho papyrus a few years ago by Dirk Obbink, and suggest that the series of events presages potentially very difficult times for plenty of people in the Classics profession, including graduate students who were given amazing research opportunities through their  (or their supervisors’) ties to the Green Scholars program.

      This was an incredibly difficult piece to actually organize and so I settled on my oft-used timeline format and I’m still not sure it flows. In any event, the timeline is made up largely of excerpts from Scott Carroll’s now dormant (?) Facebook page (*SC* with subsequent [FB}) and his shortlived Twitter feed (*SC* with subsequent [T]; I have screenshots on file if they are taken down). I did not ‘friend’ Scott Carroll to get any of  this information, so there might be more shown to ‘friends’ (which I mention because there are significant lacunae from time to time). The Facebook and Twitter posts will be interrupted from time to time with other items from the news and commentary where it seems needed; my comments often come in [square brackets].

      • *SC* January 27, 2009 [FB]The manuscript I’m working on for the week of 1-26-09. Part of a student-directed research project which the student presented at a conference at Purdue University. Presently, the manuscript (abbreviated ms) is being re-edited and prepared for publication. [in the comments: “There is a story of a guy’s life on this text that we actually have an account of his trial and execution elsewhere by his brother-in-law (Talk about a dysfunctional family!)

      I haven’t been able to track down this conference at Purdue might have been. Not sure about the source of this papyrus or anything of the sort.

      • *SC* February 6, 2009 [FB][photo of a piece of a 1600 years bp gospel palimpsest]
      • *SC* March 12, 2009 [FB][photo of a Greek manuscript … no comment added]
      • *SC* August 19, 2009 [FB] [photo a fragment of Matthew being prepared for publication]
      • *SC* August 25, 2009 [FB][photos assorted papyri being prepared for publication that are designated as difficult to read]
      • *SC* August 30, 2009 [FB][photo of a Matthew manuscript he just finished for publication]

      The available Scott Carroll Facebook feed falls silent for a few months. At some point in in 2010, the Museum of the Bible was officially established as a non-profit institution; I’m not certain whether all of the artifact-acquisition trips that began in November of 2009 were connected with that.

      • *SC* November 30, 2009 [FB] Trip to Istanbul and Jerusalem to acquire artifacts for the museum. Inside are a very small, more like minuscule, sample of artifacts grouped by type or dealer [this post has photos of papyri: “Magic Carpet Tour 3”; the title is applied a total of 12 files, all with pics; 1 and 2 mostly pots and figurines]
      • *SC* December 6, 2009 [FB][… several posts of photos of artifacts presumably acquired on the above-mentioned trip]
      • *SC* December 10, 2009 [FB][post with pics of mummy masks and other papyri]
      • *SC* January 18, 2010 [FB][…] I’m heading off to Zurich to acquire some more Dead Sea Scroll!! (but not before going past the British Museum and the British Library to see some old friends. haha! cheers ….
      • *SC* January 18, 2010 [FB]Purchased the 4th-earliest Bible in the world, dating to the 5thc. Reviewing other ancient texts for sale today. Then off to Oxford to meet collegues, [sic] visit sites associated with Tyndale and CS Lewis and to acquire a vast collection of hugely significant papyri. In the eve, Les Miserables, in London!
      • *SC* January 20, 2010 [FB] Inspected for purchase the largest known piece of the Dead Sea Scrolls outside of Israel — a huge section of Genesis. Also evaluated stacks of medieval manuscripts for acquisition in Zurich. Just arrived in Israel; staying in Tel Aviv on the beach. I can hear the roar of the ocean from my window!
      • *SC* January 22, 2010 [FB] A full day in Jerusalem. Acquired over 200 scrolls, thousands of cuneiform tablets and met again with the family that owns all of the Dead Sea Scrolls to build the relationship and start negotiating for the largest collection of scrolls outside of Israel. All of the texts are significant and unknown! Guess the asking price …?!? [in the comments, in response to guesses, SC mentions $51 million might be a low starting bid]
      • *SC* February 3, 2010 [FB] Unravelling ancient Greek papyrus scrolls!! Hmmm …. one says “Do not open!”
      • *SC* February 4, 2010 [FB] Scrolls unvalled [sic] and pieced together– and will be put between glass, tomorrow. They contain Coptic and Greek texts of scripture. Now separating multiple papyrus sheets used as cartonage [sic] in mummy masks I’ve dissolved! Will I be cursed by the mummies? Pics to follow …
      • *SC* February 7, 2010 [FB] Boiling mummy cartonnage on the stove –what a lovely stench!!!! — and separating layers and layers of Greek texts on sheets of papyri! Whoooha!
      • *SC* [posts about papyri and the like break off; February 25th mentions a trip to London to work on unknown biblical papyri with a colleague]
      • *SC* March 17, 2010 [FB] Off to London and then Oxford U. I’ll be in Maastricht, Holland and Brussels over the weekend.
      • *SC* March 20, 2010 [FB] The tulips are beginning to bloom here in Maastricht. We are meeting with several manuscript dealers today who have wonderful items and we have a full slate of other work to do. I hope to end the day kicking back and watching the UK upset France in a BIG rugby match.
      • *SC* March 20, 2010 [FB] Fascinating day of discoveries. What was for dinner? Something traditional. When in Holland do as the Dutch! Ox-tail soup, pigeon and quail, veggies and potatoes and spiced ice cream and fried pineapple rings for dessert. No, I didn’t eat at MacDonald’s!
      • *SC* March 22, 2010 …[last post for the year; nothing to do with antiquities].

      At this point, the publically-available feed breaks off for over a year. There were no posts (or at least no available posts) for the remainder of 2010 and most of 2011.  Even so, it seems pretty clear that Scott Carroll is very active purchasing plenty of antiquities from various buyers in Europe. We’ve also had our first mention of boiling mummy papyri (more on that below). Again, whether all this activity was on behalf of the Green Collection or for Carroll’s own purposes isn’t clear at this point. That said, there was a sudden flurry of press coverage in various Baylor-related outlets, likely with the hope of attracting the attention of the mainstream press. First was an article in the Summer 2011 edition of Baylor Magazine (Recovering Ancient Texts), which, inter alia mentions soaking mummy masks and the discovery of a fragment of Demosthenes:

      More than 20 professors and students at Baylor University recently performed an unconventional research project, working with third-century BCE Egyptian mummy coverings and papyri that was used for domestic purposes dating back to the fifth century.

      They dissolved exterior coverings to find discarded ancient papyri writings that were used by Egyptian mortuary priests. The priests recycled discarded texts, re-hydrating strips to cover the embalmed body before plastering it, drying it and painting it.

      “To the students’ amazement, the mummy covering and domestic papyri were submerged separately into a bath with gentle dissolving agents — and out of the murky waters emerged bright, clear and sometimes complete papyrus texts as if they had been raised from the dead,” says Dr. Scott Carroll, who is overseeing undergraduate students in the work. A research professor of manuscript studies and the biblical tradition in Baylor’s Institute for Studies of Religion, Carroll is also director of the Green Collection, which supplied the items for study.

      More than 150 papyri texts were recovered, including Egyptian funerary texts, letters in Greek and Coptic, and a fourth-century Coptic Gospel text. Fragments of a copy of Greek statesman Demosthenes’ “On the Crown” were discovered dating to the mid-fifth century BCE — only a few generations after the speech was delivered. […]

      Shortly thereafter, the Fall 2011 edition of the newsletter of the Baylor Classics Department recounts the events of a similar session on September 9. Here’s a screenshot of the article:

      Screen Shot 2017-07-23 at 7.00.27 PM.png


      Screen Shot 2017-07-23 at 7.21.45 PM

      A number of things are worthy of note here, not least of which is the brand of detergent (Dawn), and the Classicists involved. Clearly, Classicists are taking advantage of the opportunities provided by the acquisitions of the Green Collection. Perhaps more noteworthy are the projects mentioned: an early edition of Homer and an “extremely rare fragment of Theognis”, among others.

      About the same time (September 13 or thereabouts), there was a Baylor press release, which is no longer online but which is fortunately the first thing I had ever heard about this sort of thing and so was presented here. That piece mentions, inter alia, a soaking from back in April and again the Demosthenes on the Crown find. It mentions similar activities on September 8, which are possibly the ones mentioned in the Classics newsletter above.

      Finally, from Baylor at least, the Lariat of September 21 got into the act; inter alia:

      […] Dr. David Lyle Jeffrey, distinguished professor of literature and the humanities in the Honors College, said this type of research for undergraduate students is almost unheard of.

      “The Green Scholars Initiative allows students to do undergraduate research that results in publication, [which] is a distinct advantage for many types of graduate programs,” Jeffrey said. “Beyond that, the advantage to the students is [that] they get to work with manuscripts in a way that no other undergraduates in the country get to.”

      This semester the Green Scholars Initiative will include about 18 to 20 students — mostly sophomores, juniors and seniors — who will begin working on manuscript projects.

      Jeffrey explained the manuscript projects typically take a year to finish, with some possibly taking as many as three.

      Alexandria, La., senior Stephen Margheim is involved in one of the first projects implemented through this program. Margheim was assigned papyri fragments to research and identify.

      “It took me a week to identify [the papyri] as Homer from the Iliad,” Margheim explained.

      Dr. Jeffrey Fish, associate professor of classics, is serving as Margheim’s mentor for this project. Margheim explained that the two would now work together to write an article to publish in an academic journal.

      “I’ve been thrilled with his work from the very start,” Fish said. “He was able to tell what the papyrus was without a database and he was so enthusiastic about reading it that I had to give him bits of it at a time. He has done superb work.”

      Margheim explained that this semester he would also work as a mentor to students who will be completing other projects through the program. He said the program puts a real focus on undergraduate research through hands-on experience.

      “I think it is, in fact, a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, that’s not just cliché,” Margheim said. “It’s given myself — and in the future, many others — the ability to learn about papyri and the study of contextual tradition in a way we could have never done in a class setting. It’s been amazingly helpful and cool.” […]

      For what it’s worth, when I first heard of this program, I’m on the record as labelling the participants as “lucky kids” (see above for the link).

      We should probably note in passing at this point that the Facebook feed for 2012 just lists places he had visited since 2011 (generated by Facebook); there was one non-interest post from 2012; Carroll updated his profile pic in June of 2013; nothing from 2014. As such, we’re now turning to the Twitter feed.

      • *SC* October 16, 2011 [T] I poured over 1100+ scrolls spanning 700 yrs stashed in a dank subterranean crypt outside the walls of the City of David.
      • *SC* October 16, 2011 [T] Spent the day with a private collection of papyrus. Identified early texts of scripture, a lost historical work and a non-canonical gospel!
      • *SC* October 16, 2011 [T] Departing Tel Aviv for the UK to retrieve 2 very important Hebrew biblical manuscripts and early biblical papyri ….
      • *SC* October 17, 2011 [T] Landed in the UK and retrieved a private collection of papyri including unpublished biblical and classical texts.
      • *SC* [skipping a couple of tweets relating to exhibit meetings in Kenya and the Vatican Library]
      • *SC* October 18, 2011 [T] [announcement of a facebook fanpage; hype for Bible exhibit at St Peter’s … I was unable to locate this page]
      • *SC* October 18, 2011 [T] Recently ‘discovered’ lead tablets vaunted in media as new Dead Sea Scrolls. Oxford prof will publish an article showing they were forged.

      These are the Jordan Lead Codices which we’ve dealt with ad nauseam in this blog. You can use the search box to locate previous posts on that if you so desire. Thankfully, Carroll does not seem to be involved with them in any way.

      • *SC* October 19, 2011 [T] An unpublished Greek text of Leviticus discovered in the Green Collection dates earlier than many Dead Sea Scrolls.
      • *SC* [more on Vatican exhibit]
      • *SC* October 20, 2011 [T] Forming a research group to study the Codex Climaci Rescriptus at Cambridge University.
      • *SC* October 20, 2011 [T] Retrieved a mummy mask, covered w/gold made on the inside with papyri paper-mache. Long-lost works will be extracted from it.
      • *SC* October 20, 2011 [T] Returning to US with an early-3c papyrus of Hebrews. A prof and undergrads will be publishing it with the Green Scholars Initiative.
      • *SC* October 21, 2011 [T] 6 papyri of Hebrews are known; 4 of 6 are in the Green collection and being studied by profs and students in the Green Scholars Initiative.
      • *SC* [a couple of tweets on Bible history]
      • *SC* October 22, 2011 [T] Classical papyri identified in the recently acquired collection including one of the earliest-known works of Plato and many more to follow.
      • *SC* [skipping a number of tweets about 13th century manuscripts, the Vatican exhibit, lectures, etc.]
      • *SC* November 20, 2011 [T] Presented and described biblical papyri to the President of Nigeria, cabinet members and advisers who showed great interest in the items.
      • *SC* [skipping a number of tweets about the Passages exhibit]
      • *SC* November 26, 2011 [T] Finished exhibit and lectures in West Africa with over 21,000 registered. Now in Istanbul look at a collection of unpublished papyri.
      • *SC* November 27, 2011 [T] My eyes feasted on classical texts, royal decrees, and Biblical and Gnostic texts; nearly 1,000 papyri hidden in this private treasure-trove.
      • November 28, 2011 Christie’s Auction of some Robinson Papyri [note: this is not in the twitter feed]
      • *SC* November 29, 2011 [T] Met with scholars at Oxford regarding the Green Scholars Initiative and research opportunities for professors and students — it’s a go!
      • *SC* [also on November 29th, tweets mention acquisition of an Aitken illegally-printed Bible at auction, and later plenty of Passages hype tweets]

      It’s worth pausing here to note the timing. On November 27 Scott Carroll is apparently in Istanbul. The Robinson auction was the day after that. On November 29th we know Carroll was in London both for an auction (presumably this one, where the Aitken Bible was) and to meet folks at Oxford regarding the Green Scholars Initiative. Was Carroll in London in time for the Christie’s auction? The Aitken Bible acquisition mentioned above is the only event in Carroll’s timeline(s) that I can connect to an actual auction.

      • *SC* January 18, 2012 [T] retweet of Kyra Phillips tweet about Steve Green joining her to talk about Romans fragment
      • *SC* [skipping a pile of tweets about Passages, Vatican Exhibit, and assorted hype for the Green Collection]
      • *SC* March 12, 2012 [T]

      The item from the Toledo Blade is interesting because it does show how long Scott Carroll was working on behalf of the Greens; it also shows he did go to auctions. Inter alia:

      About six years ago, Mr. Carroll said, he met Steve Green, the president of Hobby Lobby and a devout Christian. The crafts stores close on Sundays, and the corporation’s mission statement says its purpose is, “Honoring the Lord in all we do by operating the company in a manner consistent with biblical principles.”

      “I was introduced to the Greens around 2005 or 2006 by a friend of mine and I knew they had an interest in the Bible and religion, and that they had great success in business,” Mr. Carroll said. “Once a year for five years I went to them and just talked with them about the need for a nonsectarian museum of the Bible that really focuses on the research and importance of that book. For five years, they listened, but showed me the door.”

      In 2009, when a handful of important biblical artifacts were to be sold at auction at Sotheby’s and Christie’s in London, Mr. Carroll again approached the Greens. This time they consulted as a family, asked Mr. Carroll to set a price, and gave him permission to bid.

      “We were able to acquire five of seven items,” Mr. Carroll said.

      Afterward, the Greens met him in Oklahoma City to discuss plans to obtain more biblical texts and artifacts.

      “I speak 13 ancient languages but one language I didn’t know was Oklahoman,” Mr. Carroll said. “Their classic quote to me was, ‘What we’re going to do is we’re going to start slow.’ But starting slow means something totally different to me than it did to them.”

      Acquiring artifacts

      Since those first purchases 26 months ago, Mr. Carroll has traveled half-a-million air miles a year to personally inspect, buy, and bring home important items for the collection. With help from his staff, he has acquired nearly 50,000 artifacts with no plans of slowing down.

      “We are rapidly acquiring at the same pace we have been over the last several years and have the green light as well to nurture new, additional benefactors,” Mr. Carroll said. “I fully anticipate developing a few more benefactors over the course of the next year or so that will perhaps acquire at the pace of the Greens, and this collection will continue to expand at this rate.”

      He said the timing for building the collection has been good, with “objects coming to us virtually out of nowhere in these times of financial need.”

      Mr. Carroll is amazed by the commitment of the Green family and their goal of sharing the collection with the public.

      “It really is a remarkable collection and I appreciate the Greens’ trust and, of course, their generosity in support of the vision to do something like this with the hope of displaying the items in a museum. They are looking seriously at properties in Washington, D.C., by the Mall.”

      Mr. Carroll acknowledged that some of the rarest artifacts cost multiple millions of dollars, but declined to discuss an overall budget or financial details of the collection.


      And closing off the twitter stream:

      • *SC* [remaining three tweets are about the Verbum Domini exhibit; last tweet is April 24, 2012]

      Scott Carroll was no longer associated with the Green Collection sometime early in 2013; he appears to have formed his own Manuscript Research Group (which may have existed before this time; I really should check). At the time he had a website which included documents pertaining to his business authenticating manuscripts. One of the documents from that site (no longer online, but I do have a copy) is a document entitled “Manuscript Research Group Summary of Discoveries 2011-Present. In Various Stages of the Publication Process.” Depending on how Adobe parses dates, that item is from either February 12, 2013 or December 2, 2013, most likely the former for reasons which will be made clear below. The first part of that document lists the “Classical Papyri Discoveries”. The first 15 are various things to do with Homer. Then we read “Sappho’s Poems”, “Theognis Elegies”, “Pindar Odes”, “Euripides’ Phoenician Women”, “Aristophanes Delegation of Women”, “Plato’s Phaedo”, “Plato’s Menexenus”, “Demosthenes on the Crown”, “Menander’s The Girl Who Cut Her Hair Short”, and assorted other texts (including one on Dionysiac Mysteries and two on Mysteries of Demeter). In all “Nearly 65 discoveries of significant classical papyri presently being prepared for publication”. Most readers of this blog will recognize that there is some pretty important stuff mentioned here and I continue to wonder what, if anything of it has been published (my latest unproductive query, as folks who follow me on Twitter know, was the publication status of a recent find of a piece of Menander).

      This list is sort of available at Youtube, interestingly enough. A video dated September 6, 2013 is a talk by Scott Carroll at UofN (with simultaneous Spanish translation, which can be distracting). It’s rather long, so following the link below I’ll highlight some things:

      For our purposes, the interesting bit starts at minute 23, where Carroll begins describing how they extract texts from mummy papyri. At 24:36 we see the mummy mask dissolved at Baylor (see below) and he goes through slides of the process. At 27:47 he begins the list of texts found. He begins with New Testament things, then at 28:13 mentions “lost works of Sappho” and “tons of Homer”. After a digression on assorted spectral imaging technologies, at 32:27 he begins talking about things found in the “last year and a half”. Every now and then you get a glimpse of the screen and it is clear he is projecting the “Summary of Discoveries” document we mentioned above. He mentions “Fourteen texts of Homer” and then says “I don’t know if you know who Sappho is …”. He breaks off, then mentions the Times Literary Supplement (!) and says “Thirty of these items would be front page news when they’re published.” At 33:40 we hear again of Sappho, Euripides “who’s quoted by Jesus in the New Testament”. He then passes around a fragment of Euripides (!). He talks about the fragment for a bit, then at 34:23 says, “The other text being passed around, Menander, was quoted by Paul!”. Then he quickly mentions “Plato, Aristotle, Demosthenes. About 65 Classical texts in the last year and a half.”

      At the 38 minute mark is an incredibly important quote. Carroll is interrupted by his wife and says to the crowd, “No pictures of the papyrus please. They’re not published. We have — just understand the value of these things is enormous. There are professors from North America who would send students here. They would pay their tickets and send them here to do two things. To take pictures of the text for them to publish. And to discredit you and us because they are in your hands.” Clearly, Scott Carroll is protective of what he has.

      We’re going to flash forward a bit here to include a video that was posted in May of 2014 showing the ‘dissolving’ of the mummy mask which Carroll references in slides above:

      On November 2, 2013 there was an interview with Scott Carroll in the Daily Trust (Nigeria). The interview is no longer online (indeed, the site for the newspaper seems to have expired or been hijacked or something) but I did keep a copy of the page at the time (and still have on file, obviously). Here’s an excerpt:

      What are some of the texts you’ve worked on?

      We’ve worked with some of the earliest texts of the most important documents written in the ancient world and the early medieval world. The most popular and widely disseminated author was Homer. In the last year we have identified probably 30 new texts of Homer, including some of the earliest known most significant passages. One of the most beloved female poets of the ancient world was Sappho. Her texts are highly elusive. Very few survived. We have a number of texts from Sappho, and other famous authors, philosophers, playwrights, and of course religious writings: Jewish works, Christian works, biblical texts in Hebrew and Greek and even Arabic texts, very early texts of the Qur’an. We are happy to find anything. You name important literature, we are finding the earliest or more significant texts of these things in private collections. So a wide variety.

      You’ve actually found new texts from Homer and Sappho?

      We’ve found fragments of unverified texts of Homer. These are texts that we’ve never had verification for, just later verification, that happens frequently because it’s such a big work. Sappho, yes, filling in the gaps of her texts. Menander, a famous comedian, we have a text of his to fill in the gaps of things we just don’t know. Many of these texts date to the time of the great African library of Alexandria.

      You said you’ve found these texts in private collections? Where?

      These collections geographically range throughout Europe, and they were amassed during the early 20th century, when items were purchased freely and openly on the art market. There are families that have substantial collections of interest and have not studied and invested in research. They need the assistance of research groups such as our own, to help them understand the value of what they have. Otherwise collectors will just go in and buy things from them blindly. So we see ourselves as really assisting people who lack resources, so if they should choose to sell them or donate them somewhere, they know exactly what they have.

      Could you tell me about the texts you’ve found in mummy masks?

      In Egypt in their burial process, they mummified the body and they covered it with ritual coverings. They are plaster with paintings and sometimes gold, but the infrastructure of how they did the inside of that varied. One way that they made the inside of the mummy covering, known as cartinage, is actually with discarded ancient papyrus paper. They would send someone out to the garbage dump to pick up fragments of discarded paper. It was very valuable material in the ancient world, so it was discarded with writings. They picked it up and they molded it wet and it dried and they applied the plaster over it. Other scholars have been doing this for many decades, but we have developed techniques to extract the inside writings while preserving the external art, and in doing that we’ve found encased texts that can date back to the library of Alexandria. These come from private collections of this mummy cartinage. It was very collectable, so there are large collections of it throughout Europe. We work with those.

      What sort of texts did you find in these mummy masks?

      On any given occasion, somewhere around 5% of the texts are what we would call literary and the other 90-95% are documentary. They are letters, they are accounts, they are receipts, they are notes of one sort or another. All are important to tell us about the culture and societal background, but the literary texts are of greater value, so you find an assortment of those. We try to be very systematic as scholars, so it is not like a treasure hunt. Sometimes you find nothing inside the cartinage. At the end of the day we end up finding whatever we find, and we find all sorts. When I talk about the range of materials we covered, it’s all sorts of things, from biblical texts to classical texts.

      How old were these masks?

      Of course, it’s not just the mask, it’s a whole body covering—they go back thousands of years BC, but we target ones that date somewhere around 250 BC. Earlier and even during this time, they would sometimes use linen and also sometimes make them kind of solid on the inside, so they had other processes as well. But 250 gives us the date for the use of Greek and the emersion of the Greek language. The process died out in the first and second century AD. We know that when we are working with cartinage that dates to that time, we have strong likelihood of finding Greek texts. Greek texts yield the kind of literary texts we are looking for. But you may have Homer and the Bible and a love letter and an account, someone complaining about their taxes, all together in one mummy covering. They could range over several hundred years. It’s like a mini-excavation.

      So again we’re hearing of finds of Homer and Sappho, but at this point we set Scott Carroll aside and come a little closer to Classics home with the now (in)famous Sappho publication by Dirk Obbink. We dealt with this in a previous post to a large extent, so I’ll just post salient excerpts here.  On January 28, 2014  the Daily Beast announced the Sappho find (James Romm):

      The two poems came to light when the owner of an ancient papyrus, dating to the 3rd century A.D., consulted an Oxford classicist, Dirk Obbink, about the Greek writing on the tattered scrap. Dr. Obbink, a MacArthur fellow and world-renowned papyrologist, quickly realized the importance of what the papyrus contained and asked its owner for permission to publish it. His article, which includes a transcription of the fragmentary poems, will appear in a scholarly journal this spring, but an on-line version has already been released.

      The next day, January 29, 2014 in the Guardian (Charlotte Higgins):

      The poems came to light when an anonymous private collector in London showed a piece of papyrus fragment to Dr Dirk Obbink, a papyrologist at Oxford University.

      On February 2, 2014 Bettany Hughes in the Times gave us the first hint we were dealing with cartonnage:

      It is the bolt from the blue that every historian dreams of. Professor Dirk Obbink was minding his own business recently in Oxford when he took an anonymous phone call. The elderly gentleman on the end of the line had material from an ancient Egyptian burial in his possession. He’d noticed that scraps of the cartonnage (the Egyptian equivalent of papier-mâché, made of recycled papyrus) bore the ghostly imprint of writing. Might these words, the stranger wondered, be of any interest?

      Professor Obbink, one of the world’s leading papyrologists, thought they might. Prising the layers of shredded papyrus apart, he had to hold his breath. Because here — pretty much instantly recognisable — were delicate, fragmentary lines of the elusive ancient Greek poet Sappho. […]

      On February 4, 2014  my aforementioned blog post was up, by which time Obbink’s preliminary paper mentioned by Romm had already been taken down. What’s important to note is that the preliminary paper (I am one of many people who downloaded a copy before it was taken down)  notes traces of gesso:

       The handwriting (as well as format and line-spacing) is identical with P. GC.
      inv. 105. A kollesis is visible running along the right edge of the papyrus, so that it
      cannot have formed part of the same sheet as P. GC. inv. 105 frr. 2-3 (containing Sa.
      16-17, perhaps 18 and an unknown poem, and Sa. 5), but is likely to have come from
      a sheet that stood directly either before or after this sheet. Occasionally, in places, ink traces are obscured by spots of adherent material that appears to be light-brown gesso or silt, specs of which are also to be seen on the back. The top portion of the column was detached horizontally (perhaps by ancient damage?), but has been reattached in modern times.


      On February 5, 2014 Dirk Obbink told things in his own words in the TLS:

      The authorship of Sappho was clinched, however, when the papyrus’s text was found to overlap, in two narrow vertical bands of letters, with fragments of two previously published papyri containing fragments of Sappho. The antiquity of the physical fabric of the papyrus is beyond reproach: indeed, it was damaged in ancient times, torn up the centre of the one complete surviving column, and still bears the ancient papyrus repair strips on its back applied in antiquity. It is written in black carbon ink in an identifiable professional bookhand, but with idiosyncratic stylistic traits that would be difficult for a modern calligrapher consistently to emulate. It also passes tests of spectral analysis for density of ancient carbon-base ink. The authenticity of the ancient mummy cartonnage panel, from which the papyrus was extracted, having been recycled in antiquity to accompany a burial, has been established through its documented legal provenance. The owner of the papyrus wishes to remain anonymous, but has submitted the papyrus to autopsy and multi-spectral photography, as well as Carbon 14 testing of an uninscribed portion of the papyrus sheet itself by an American laboratory, that returned a date of around 201 AD, with a plus-minus range of a hundred years.

      By this point, readers might recall, Obbink was under extreme pressure to reveal the provenance of this fragment, especially since there was mention of mummy cartonnage– I’m not certain whether we had been regaled yet with all the stories of Scott Carroll dissolving mummy masks for the Green Scholars Initiative (and Obbink was/is associated with that group). And so it was with great anticipation that a paper was read on behalf of Obbink at the Society of Classical Studies meeting in January of 2015.  The paper (pg. 1) revealed some ‘nuancing’ of the story we had been told so far:


      As reported and documented by the London owner of the ‘Brothers’ and ‘Kypris Poems’ fragment, all of the fragments were recovered from a fragment of papyrus cartonnage formerly in the collection of David M. Robinson and subsequently bequeathed to the Library of the University of Mississippi. The Library later de-accessioned it in order to purchase Faulkenr materials. It was on of two pieces flat inside a sub-folder (folder ‘E3’) inside a main folder (labelled ‘Papyri Fragments; Gk.’), on of 59 packets of papyri fragments sold at auction at Christie’s in London in November 2011. […]

      The layers of the cartonnage fragment, a thin flat compressed mass of papyrus fragments, were separated by the owner and his staff by dissolving in a warm-water solution. The owner originally believed that he had dissolved a piece of ‘mummy’ cartonnage, as I reported in TLS. But this turned out upon closer inspection of the original papyri not to be the case: none of the fragments showed any trace of gesso or paint prior to dissolving or after. […] The piece of cartonnage into which the main fragment containing the ‘Brothers’ and ‘Kypris’ Poems’ was enfolded (bottom to top, along still visible horizontal fold-lines, with the written side facing outwards) was probably domestic or industrial cartonnage: it might have been employed e.g. for a book-cover or book-binding. A group of twenty-some smaller fragments extracted from this piece, being not easily identified or re-joined, were deemed insignificant and so traded independently on the London market by the owner, and made their way from the same source into the Green Collection in Oklahoma City. […]

      So the new story is that we’re dealing with ‘industrial cartonnage’ and not mummy cartonnage, based on the lack of any trace of gesso or paint “prior to dissolving or after”. If this is the case, Obbink did not correct things in the published version (Two New Poems by Sappho,  p 33 in ZPE 189 (2014)):

      Occasionally, in places, ink-traces are obscured by spots of adherent material that appears to be light-brown gesso or silt, specs of which are also to be seen on the back. The top portion of the column was detached horizontally (perhaps by ancient damage?), but has been reattached in modern times.

      Of course, it is possible that the article was in press already and couldn’t be changed.

      Cf description of the other 20 fragments (Burris, S. ,Fish, J., Obbink, D., New Fragments of Book 1 of Sappho, p.1 also in ZPE 189 (2014)):

      Four fragments, assembled from some twenty separate pieces recovered from cartonnage, written along the fibers and comprising parts of at least five columns of a papyrus roll, of which at least four are continuous. The back is blank.

      Looking at the big picture is where everything just becomes murkier for me:

      • the auction is on November 28, 2011
      • early in 2013 (after Scott Carroll is no longer associated with the GSI), we begin hearing about Sappho
      • the first announcement of the find in the press (Romm) has a private collector approaching Obbink with a fragment and the latter immediately recognized its importance
      • the Times piece (Hughes) has Obbink personally prising apart the cartonnage and immediately recognizing Sappho
      • the preliminary version of the ZPE paper mentions gesso on the fragment
      • Obbink in the TLS is calling it mummy cartonnage and does indicate it underwent a pile of testing
      • in his SCS paper, Obbink tells us it came from the auction but also that it was separated by the owner and his (?) staff in a warm water solution and that there was no trace of gesso before or after
      • when the ZPE paper comes out, there is mention of gesso
      • another ZPE paper in the same issue deals with twenty fragments from the same auction, which were apparently sold to the Green Collection separately

      So here’s the issue: who did the separating of the cartonnage and was Obbink present for it? The use of a warm water solution is characteristic of Scott Carroll’s methods and he had been talking about finding Sappho for quite a while. Was he the unnamed owner of the papyrus?  Or was this all referring to the 20 fragments now in the Green Collection? Either way, Carroll must have known about the other piece that Obbink now lends his name to. Is Obbink’s Sappho Papyrus part of the Green Collection (it doesn’t seem to be)? Was it something that actually was found in a mummy mask of some sort and then bundled with the others in some way? Why does the story seem to keep changing? It’s all so very sketchy when seen ‘from the outside’ of the profession.

      At this point we’ll break off the narrative and note that there was much skepticism on the scholarly side for a few months after the announcement.  I won’t go into it in any detail, but will simply point to Roberta Mazza’s excellent posts (in reverse order on this page). My own post on the matter might also be of use.

      Sadly, the more one pokes around the web, the sketchier things become. Consider the following video from the National Apologetics Conference (October 16-17, 2015). In this clip, Josh McDowell is interviewing Scott Carroll about the oldest Gospel of Mark fragment which many of us have been hearing about for ages and which, like many other things, we’ve been waiting for publication:

      If you go to the 3:34 mark, McDowell asks Carroll who is the lead person in charge of the publishing.  The response: “The most important person of note is Dirk Obbink, who is [inaudible]. Dirk Obbink is an outstanding scholar. He’s one of the world’s leading specialists in papyri. He directs the collection. For students in here you may remember hearing the word Oxyrhynchus papyri. He is the director of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri.” After noting that Obbink doesn’t have a religious axe to grind, he continues, “He specializes in the dating of handwriting and as he was looking at the — and both times I saw the papyrus [sc. the Mark fragment] it was in his possession. At Oxford in Christchurch and actually on his pool table in his office along with a number of mummy heads …”.  The optics are definitely not good here.

      And, of course, that’s just one aspect of how bad it looks for the Classicists working with Green Collection materials as seen above. Beyond P. Sapph. Obbink, there appear to be many significant Classical fragments found, most of them identified four or more years ago. When and where are they being published? Why haven’t we heard about a Menander fragment that sounds like it is at least as important as the Sappho one? There’s apparently a ‘ton of Homer’ … Theognis … Demosthenes … Plato … and on and on. From a Classical standpoint, we know that Brill has a new Papyrus series for the Green Collection and that Obbink is somehow involved. But have we heard of any specifics of any potentially forthcoming publications? Does Brill or someone else have exclusive publication rights (if so, how did the twenty fragments of Sappho get published in ZPE?)? Does Scott Carroll retain publication rights for items his cartonnage-separating efforts revealed? Carroll is always ‘preparing things for publication’. What does ‘publication’ mean to him? Who owns what? When will we (and the rest of the world) see all this amazing stuff that apparently has been found?

      What further complicates things is, of course, that these all seem to be finds associated somehow with now-publically-discredited Hobby Lobby and/or Scott Carroll and acquired in various ways and from various places. Is it significant that rarely in his Twitter or Facebook does Carroll mention purchasing items at an auction? We read of private collections and the like, and it sounds like there is an awful lot of things of interest currently in private hands. Collection history is clearly going to be an issue, no matter when (if?) these items are published; the Sappho papyrus is probably just a hint of what issues will be arising.

      Meanwhile, there are Classicists — undergraduates, graduates, and supervisors — dealing with these texts that clearly should have been published by now. But given the current climate created by the Hobby Lobby legal decision, it seems it is going to become even more difficult to publish anything associated with them, especially if there is no rock solid collection history for whatever is being published. And even if the collection history does appear solid (as with the Sappho papyrus … it’s about as solid as anything else coming out of Christie’s), the stories attached to the finds will inevitably be questioned (“private collector approaches noted scholar” sounds barely one step up from ‘Anonymous Swiss Collector’ no?). And how many of them might find themselves in the same position as Lincoln Blumell, being put on the defensive for being a scholar. As the meme says, “Brace Yourselves” …

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      Down Home Archaeology: Digging into the Past with Local Archaeologists

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Archaeological Institute of America, Milwaukee Society; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Anthropology; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Art History; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee FLL/Classics Program
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
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      International Archaeology Day (IAD) is a celebration of archaeology and the thrill of discovery. Every October the Archaeological Institute of America and organizations around the world present archaeological programs and activities for people of all ages and interests. In past years Milwaukee IAD activities have drawn upwards of 60 members of the public and have provided fun and interactive ways to explore themed topics and a variety of archaeological subjects.



      AIA Society: 
      Adrienne Frie
      Call for Papers: 

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Apsara Authority grants home building permits

      via Khmer Times, 20 July 2017: The APSARA Authority released a report detailing the construction permits issued within the Angkor Archaeological Park issued this year, probably in response to its impending decision to demolish some 500-illegally built structures. Apsara Authority grants home building permits The Apsara Authority granted permission to more than 320 minor projects … Continue reading "Apsara Authority grants home building permits"

      A Growing Archaeological Looting Network Between Thailand and Myanmar

      via Tea Circle: Oxford DPhil Candidate Phacharaphorn Phanomvan discusses the emergence of small scale looting of antiquities in Myanmar and Thailand, particularly on how small antiquities like beads are thought to be desirable in the Thai market. A heavy burden is placed upon governments of emerging economies to police looters and track down lost artefacts. … Continue reading "A Growing Archaeological Looting Network Between Thailand and Myanmar"

      American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

      Gennadius Library acquires manuscript with eyewitness testimony of the 1826-1827 siege of Athens

      At the most recent Vergos Auction the Library acquired a rare manuscript bearing the title "Short Description of the Events around the Siege of Athens" (Σύντομος περιγραφή τῶν διατρεξάντων εἰς τήν Ἀκρόπολιν τῶν Ἀθηνῶν, εἰς τήν πολιορκίαν) [c. 1827].

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Humans occupied northern Australia 65,000 years ago: What does this mean for SEA?

      An exciting paper was published last week in Nature and received a fair bit of media coverage: dating from the Madjedbebe site in Northern Territories of Australia have yielded the earliest human occupation dates of 65,000 years, setting a new minimum age of human migration. The previous conventional earliest occupation date was about 47,000 years … Continue reading "Humans occupied northern Australia 65,000 years ago: What does this mean for SEA?"

      Cambodia tourism to get Chinese help

      vis Khmer Times, 17 July 2017: China has unveiled a plan to promote tourism in Siem Reap, in response to the increased number of tourists to Angkor. Chinese tourists have increased dramatically in recent years, due to warm relations betweem Cambodia and China. China revealed plan to help Cambodia by establishing a comprehensive tourism plan … Continue reading "Cambodia tourism to get Chinese help"

      Intramuros monuments among Philippines new National Cultural Treasures

      via Philippine Inquirer, 17 July 2017: The National Museum of the Philippines has declared a number of properties as National Cultural Treasures. The list includes buildings in Intramuros, Vigan, and museum buildings in Manila. Intramuros monuments, Vigan bridge, Silang church, Pagsanjan arch declared National Cultural Treasures Source: Intramuros monuments, Vigan bridge, Silang church, Pagsanjan arch … Continue reading "Intramuros monuments among Philippines new National Cultural Treasures"

      Indonesia promotes tourism links

      via Khmer Times, 13 July 2017: Indonesian and Cambodian travel industry meets to find ways to co-promote tourism in each others’ countries, notably to cross-promote the World Heritage Sites of Angkor and Borobudur. More than 40 tourism sector specialists from Cambodia and Indonesia met to discuss the possibility of partnering. Source: Indonesia promotes tourism links … Continue reading "Indonesia promotes tourism links"

      July 23, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      New Open Access Journal: Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East

      Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East
      The study of the human past has conventionally been divided between two distinct academic disciplines depending upon the kind of evidence under investigation: “history”, with its focus on written records, and “archaeology”, which analyzes the remains of material culture.  Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East aims to bridge this disciplinary divide by providing an international forum for scholarly discussions which integrate the studies of material culture with written documents. Interdisciplinary by nature, the journal offers a platform for professional historians and archaeologists alike to critically investigate points of confluence and divergence between the textual and the artifactual. We seek contributions from scholars working in the ancient Mediterranean and Near East.  Contributions with a theoretical or methodological focus on the interface between archaeology and text are especially encouraged. By publishing all of its articles online, the Archaeology and Text seeks to disseminate its published papers immediately after the peer-review and editorial processes have been completed, providing timely publication and convenient access.

      Volume 1 -2017

      For the entire document of this volume, please click here...


      Divination Texts of Maresha – Archeology and Texts

      Esther Eshel, Bar Ilan University, Ian Stern, Archaeological Seminars Institute, 7-26

      Toward an “Archaeology of Halakhah”: Prospects and Pitfalls of Reading Early Jewish Ritual Law into the Ancient Material Record

      Yontan Adler, Ariel University, 27-38

      Purity Observance among Diaspora Jews in the Roman World

      Jodi Magness, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 39-66

      Visual Models in Archaeology and Harmonization of Archaeological and Literary Data

      Catalin Pavel, Kennesaw State University, 67-94

      Reading Between the Lines: Jewish Mortuary Practices in Text and Archaeology

      Karen B. Stern, City University of New York, Brooklyn College, 95-114

      Complex Purity: Between Continuity and Diversity in Ancient Judaism

      Yair Furstenberg, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, 115-131

      Open Access Journal: De Rebus Antiquis

      [First posted in AWOL 20 December 2011. Updated 23 July 2017]

      De Rebus Antiquis
      ISSN 2250-4923
      DE REBUS ANTIQUIS es la publicación electrónica del Proyecto de Estudios Históricos Grecorromanos (PEHG) del Departamento de Historia de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Católica Argentina.
      Esta revista ha nacido con el objeto de dar marco institucional para la publicación de todas aquellas investigaciones de especialistas en esta área del conocimiento y gestar así un ámbito de debate en las temáticas y líneas de investigación más novedosas del tema que nos convoca.
      De revus Antiquis
      Año V, Num. 5 / 2015
      De Rebus Antiquis Nero. 6
      Año VI, Num. 6/2016

      Año I, Núm.1 / 2011

      Año II, Núm. 2 / 2012

      Año III, Núm.3 / 2013
      Año IV, Núm.4 / 2014
      Año IV, Núm.4 / 2014

      See AWOL's List of

      ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

      Compounds & derivatives

      Sometimes looking at how a give noun is used to produce other words in a fascinating exercise. These are all from LSJM, though the glosses are modernized: μάχαιρα – knife/dagger μαχαιρᾶς – knife merchant μαχαιρίδιον – small knife μάχαιριον – shaving blade μαχαιρίς – butcher’s knife μαχαιροδέτης – sword belt μαχαιροθήκη – knife case μαχαιροκ[οπέω]... Continue Reading →

      ArcheoNet BE

      Ex situ 16: over dromedarissen, schoenleesten en choco

      Onlangs rolde het 16de nummer van Ex situ van de persen. Ook deze keer staat het tijdschrift garant voor een afwisseling van interviews, verslagen en fotoreportages over Vlaamse opgravingen en Vlaamse archeologen in het buitenland. Ontdek de hele inhoud op en neem meteen een gratis abonnement!

      5de editie Metaaltijdendagen op 6 en 7 oktober in Oss

      Dit jaar viert de Stichting Metaaltijdenonderzoek Nederland haar eerste lustrum met niet één, maar twee Metaaltijdendagen, meer bepaald op 6 en 7 oktober in Oss. Het thema voor deze speciale editie is ‘Grafheuvels en Graven’. Op vrijdag 6 oktober is er een thematisch deel met gerelateerde lezingen over grafheuvels in de ochtend en een vrij middagprogramma. Ook op zaterdag 7 oktober zijn er lezingen over grafheuvels in de ochtend en is er een (bus)excursie in de middag, naar enkele bekende archeologische vindplaatsen in Oss. Voor meer informatie en een blik op het programma surf je naar

      Uit het juiste hout gesneden

      Eeuwenlang was hout de belangrijkste grondstof voor allerlei gebruiksvoorwerpen. De Nederlaadse Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed publiceerde onlangs een rijk overzicht van houtvondsten in het boek ‘Uit het juiste hout gesneden’. Het gaat om gebruiksvoorwerpen tot 1300 na Christus, die zijn aangetroffen bij Nederlandse opgravingen in de periode 1997-2014. Het boek bevat een uitgebreide catalogus, voorzien van vele, speciaal voor dit project gemaakte tekeningen.

      De publicatie is digitaal te raadplegen op

      AIA Fieldnotes

      Archaeology Day at the VMFA's Art Education Center

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Sunday, October 1, 2017 - 1:00pm

      This celebration of International Archaeology Day will take place from 1 - 4 pm on Sunday, October 1 in the Art Education Center at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. The museum's new archaeology-themed teaching gallery will be supplemented with additional hands-on activities provided by archaeology students from the University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth University.


      AIA Society: 
      Elizabeth Baughan
      Call for Papers: 

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Kernos - Revue internationale et pluridisciplinaire de religion grecque antique

      [First posted in AWOL 23 February 2011. Most recently updated 23 July 2017]

      Kernos - Revue internationale et pluridisciplinaire de religion grecque antique
      ISSN électronique 2034-7871

      Kernos - Couverture du no 23 | 2010
      Kernos est la seule revue scientifique internationale entièrement consacrée à l’étude des faits et phénomènes religieux de la Grèce antique. Elle a pour ambition de fournir aux chercheurs en ce domaine, mais aussi à toute personne intéressée par les questions religieuses, un instrument de réflexion et des outils de travail pour progresser dans la connaissance du système religieux des Grecs.
      Actuellement, les textes des numéros 1 à 17 sont uniquement accessibles au format pdf [fac-similé], librement téléchargeables.

      Derniers numéros

      Numéros en texte intégral

      Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion (1993 – 2016): Concise Indexes

      [First posted in AWOL 27 January 2015, updated 23 July 2017]
      Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion (1993 – 2016) 
      by A. Chaniotis
      Concise Indexes by Stéphanie Paul and Hélène Collard, ULg
      In these three indexes, the numbers in brackets correspond to the different issues of Kernos where the Epigraphic Bulletin has been published. A number without brackets refers to the lemma in the issue mentioned just before.
      All but the most recent two volumes of Kernos, including the "Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion" are available online open access.

      Open Access Journal: Inventory: News from the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World

      [First posted in AWOL 19 January 2015, updated 23 July 2017]

      Inventory: News from the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
      The Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World is dedicated to the academic study and public promotion of the archaeology and art of the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt, and Western Asia (the latter broadly construed as extending from Anatolia and the Levant to the Caucasus, and including the territories of the ancient Near East); our principal research interests lie in the complex societies of the pre-modern era. 

      June 2017

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on two workshops organized by the Joukowsky Institute – one in Bogotá, organized by faculty member Felipe Rojas, and another in Providence, organized by graduate students in Archaeology and Anthropology; Professor Yannis Hamilakis’s impressions of his first year at Brown University; and the successful completion of two Joukowsky Institute students’ doctorates (and three undergraduate honors theses); as well as Institute Director Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on the many new arrivals, bittersweet departures, and activism of the Institute and our community.

      June 2016

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on the successful completion of six doctorates (and one master’s), a class trip to Barcelona and Empúries, and Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on several significant developments at JIAAW.

      December 2015

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on a bone-based collaboration between geology and archaeology, a pungent course on culinary history, and the successful completion of a Joukowsky Institute student’s doctorate, as well as two perspectives on a recent conference honoring John Cherry, and Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on his first semester as the Director of the Joukowsky Institute.

      May 2015

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on scientific analysis of Luristan bronzes, our ibis mummy's doctor's appointment, an exhibit on the past lives of Rhode Island Hall, two JIAAW doctorates, and the perils of summer fieldwork.

      January 2015

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on our “Archaeology for the People” competition, a field project in Turkey, a recent conference on archaeology in North Africa, and our ongoing excavations on Brown University’s campus.

      January 2014

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on the Joukowsky Institute Publications series, International Archaeology Day, a new field project in Sardinia, using RTI to reveal a relief on an Old Kingdom block, and our competition for accessible archaeological writing, “Archaeology for the People”.

      June 2013

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on Archaeology's Dirty Little Secrets, Ömür Harmanşah's new book, a recent conference on Greek archaeology, the siege of Rhode Island Hall, and the successful completion of two JIAAW students' doctorates.

      January 2013

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on JIAAW's two new permanent faculty members, visiting international students and faculty, an international colloquium on issues in Mediterranean prehistory, the fifth anniversary of our film series, and the successful completion of a JIAAW student's doctorate.

      May 2012

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on Laurel Bestock's new field project in the Sudan, the Institute's recent symposium on archaeology in Turkey, ARCH 1715's installation recreating the terracotta warriors of the First Emperor's tomb, Sue Alcock's visit to Davos, the Arts of Rome's Provinces seminar, and three new doctors of archaeology.

      December 2011

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2011

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      December 2010

      Fall Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2010

      Spring Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      December 2009

      Fall Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2009

      Spring Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      October 2008

      Inaugural Issue of "Inventory"
      The Fall issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      Jim Davila (

      Charity in the Rabbinic literature

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      Scott Carroll on the Claim of a First Century Papyrus of the Gospel of Mark

      The Evangelical Textual Criticism blog shared the above video and provides a transcript as well as some additional information and discussion.

      Jim Davila (


      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Ancient lemons and citrons

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Seizure of Aramean land in Turkey still unresolved

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Compitum - publications

      V. Zajko et H. Hoyle (éd.), A Handbook to the Reception of Classical Mythology


      Vanda Zajko et Helena Hoyle (éd.), A Handbook to the Reception of Classical Mythology, Malden, 2017.

      Éditeur : Wiley-Blackwell
      496 pages
      ISBN : 978-1-4443-3960-4
      144 €

      A Handbook to the Reception of Classical Mythology presents a collection of essays that explore a wide variety of aspects of Greek and Roman myths and their critical reception from antiquity to the present day.

      • Reveals the importance of mythography to the survival, dissemination, and popularization of classical myth from the ancient world to the present day
      • Features chronologically organized essays that address different sets of myths that were important in each historical era, along with their thematic relevance
      • Features chronologically organized essays that address different sets of myths that were important in each historical era, along with their thematic relevance
      • Offers a series of carefully selected in-depth readings, including both popular and less well-known examples

      Lire la suite...

      Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

      Metal detectorist Sells Roman Fleet Diploma

      Gavin Havery, ' Metal detectorist finds Britain's first Roman Fleet diploma near Lanchester, in County Durham' Northern Echo 21st July 2017
      Mr Houston finds plenty of ring pulls from fizzy drinks cans, and his main artefacts tend to be musket balls. Until discovering the diploma his best find was a Palstave bronze axe head, which dates back thousands of years. He has now sold the diploma to Durham University’s Museum of Archaeology for a five-figure sum, splitting the money with the landowner. Mr Houston said: “For me, the only place it should be is in a local museum for local people because it is part of our local history, and a massive part of our local history. “This is the best place for it.” 
      So he "sold" it. To us. And pocketed the munny instead of the artefact this time.

      Tekkies Swap 'Their' Land

      On a metal detecting forum near you, land exchange now

      Are you a club looking for land?

      Post by Oxgirl36 » Sat Jul 22, 2017 1:14 pm
      Let's go digging have land in Wales, Lancashire and Devon that they can't use. They are offering the land to clubs that might need it as it could be lost otherwise. Interested? Contact Paul at LGD either via Facebook or via their website.
      Surely, is it not up to the landowner to determine who they will invite onto their property, and from which 'pool' they are selected. Land not ransacked for collectables is not land 'lost'. Why is this land in these regions not profitable to search? 
      It seems to me that metal detectorists are getting a bit above themselves, the more money they make from the commercialisation of the Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record. Do you get a PAS FLO thrown into the 'deal' too?

      You don't Need to be an Expert to Understand How the Antiquities Trade Works

      Mistakes some might be making
      A tongue in cheek piece commenting on Hobby Lobby's contraceptive-denying hypocrisy: Jane Ahlin 'Hobby Lobby changes the Ten Commandments ' INForum Jul 16, 2017
      "You're saying you don't know about Hobby Lobby's smarmy antiquities dealings in the Middle East?" [...] did he say being asked to wire money to seven separate personal bank accounts didn't strike him as a wee bit unusual?" [...] "And did he say that mailing antiquities to Oklahoma in boxes labeled 'ceramic tiles' and 'clay tiles' wasn't to avoid U.S. Customs?" "Well...". "Well nothing, Sunshine. We're talking straight-forward stealing and lying." Mary smiled broadly. "That's why we gotta change the commandment 'thou shalt not steal' to 'thou shalt not insure contraceptives.'" [...] back then Steve Green talked about how ignorance of the Bible threatened America's future. For somebody who missed 'thou shalt not steal,' that's rich, don't you think?" [...]" Here's a guy claiming he's such a hotshot Christian, he gets to deny his employees birth control insurance coverage — which, by the way, most people including Christians see as personal and medical and none of his business — a guy who, as it turns out, has no qualms about smuggling looted antiquities for...wait for it...a Bible museum he's opening in Washington, D.C." "I see. That does sound like hypocrisy, not Christianity." "Amen to that, Sunshine."

      'Really, Really Passinitly Interestid in th' Past'

      One of the more easily recognizable Medieval artefact types, pilgrim badges:
      Another good post John.. And very informative.. I always enjoy your posts.. But, again, had I found something like this, I would not know what it is   Micheal
      The ability to observe archaeological information and record it for passing on to others requires you to know what you are looking at. Many people who go out artefact collecting with a metal detector have not the foggiest, so the activities of the average detectorist are always destructive of archaeological information. Always. PAS archaeologists, comment please.