Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

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January 16, 2019

Archaeology Magazine

Roman-Era Tombs Uncovered in Egypt’s Dakhla Oasis

Egypt mud brick tombsCAIRO, EGYPT—Ahram Online reports that two Roman tombs have been unearthed in Egypt’s Western Desert. Mostafa Waziri of the Supreme Council of Antiquities said the tombs were unfinished. One of the tombs has a 20-step staircase covered in plaster, a main hall made of mudbrick with a vaulted ceiling, and two burial chambers containing human remains, lamps, and pots. The other tomb has a vaulted chamber featuring a niche painted with a scene depicting the mummification process. Ten other pyramid-shaped tombs have also been recently found in the area. To read about another recent discovery in Egypt, go to “Mummy Workshop.”

Bronze Age Pit Possibly Linked to Medieval Assembly Site

FIFE, SCOTLAND—According to a report in The Courier, a Bronze Age cremation pit has been discovered at a site in southeast Scotland where open-air councils are thought to have been held during the medieval period. Cremated bone recovered from the pit was dated to nearly 4,000 years ago. Alastair Rees of ARCHAS Archaeology said such pits are often found in clusters, so additional Bronze Age burials may be found at the site. “Prehistoric origins for early medieval places of assembly have long been postulated but to date only a couple of sites have revealed tangible evidence to support this assumption,” Rees explained.  To read about an unusual Bronze Age burial uncovered in Scotland, go to “Scottish 'Frankenstein' Mummies.”

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum

Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum
Founded in 1945, with its first volume published in 1960, the Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum has attracted the support and participation of an international team of scholars interested in classical tradition during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
Each article treats a separate classical author, beginning with a detailed essay on the author’s reception from antiquity to 1600. This Fortuna is followed by a comprehensive list both of printed and manuscript commentaries in Latin on the author and, in the case of Greek authors, a list of Latin translations as well.
This site provides Open Access to previously published volumes of the Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum; beginning with Volume X, printed volumes of the CTC will be published by the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.

Volume I1960Volume XI2016
Volume II1971Volume XIITBA
Volume III1976
Volume IV1980
Volume V1984
Volume VI1986
Volume VII1992
Volume VIII2003
Volume IX2011
Volume X2014

Archaeology Magazine

World War I–Era Submarine Revealed in France

World War I submarineWISSANT, FRANCE—BBC News reports that a World War I–era German submarine is emerging from the sands on a beach in northern France. “Pieces reappear from time to time, but this is the first time we discover so much,” said local tour guide Vincent Schmitt. The submarine’s crew is known to have flooded and abandoned the vessel, named UC-61, in July 1917, after it ran aground while traveling from Zeebrugge, Belgium, to Boulogne-sur-Mer and Le Havre. The ship is thought to have sunk at least 11 ships by either laying mines or firing torpedoes. The crew of UC-61 was supposed to lay more mines on its mission to the French coast. To read about a World War I military camp in Scotland whose outline was revealed by a heat wave last summer, go to “The Marks of Time: WWI Military Camp.”

Luxurious Buildings Uncovered in Bulgaria’s Philipopolis

PLOVDIV, BULGARIA—Archaeology in Bulgaria reports that luxurious residential and public buildings dating to the Roman era have been discovered on the southern slope of three hills in the heart of the ancient city of Philipopolis, which was also known as Trimontium. The six structures include a temple dedicated to multiple deities, an inn with a tavern, residential buildings, and a brothel, according to Zheni Tankova of the Plovdiv Museum of Archaeology. The temple is noted for its marble, clay, and terracotta figurines of deities worshipped by the Thracians, Romans, Greeks, Phrygians, and Persians. “In addition to the over 600 terracotta fragments, we’ve found some 300 clay lamps,” Tankova said. “It was odd that they had barely been in use but all of them had had their handles broken off.” Big ceramic storage vessels known as pithoi and vessels for cooking, eating, and storing olive oil and wine were recovered from the inn, which had been outfitted with hearths. One of the inn's rooms may have been reserved for use by women, since bone hair needles and a bronze female bust were found there. A structure near the inn resembles a brothel unearthed in Pompeii, although the one found in Pompeii is about 200 years older. To read about another recent discovery in Bulgaria dating to the Roman era, go to “Mirror, Mirror.”

January 15, 2019

Current Epigraphy

ERC-funded project on South and Southeast Asian epigraphy

Colorful roofs of an Indian temple complex seen projecting above a wall of rectangular stones.

The temple of Sundareshvara at Nangavaram, Tamil Nadu, India (photo by E. Francis, 2007).

The content of this post was provided by M. Francis and A. Griffiths.

Two Paris-based research units, the Centre d’études de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud (CEIAS, UMR 8564, EHESS & CNRS) and the École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO), the Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin (UBER) and the university « L’Orientale » in Naples (UNO), will collaborate in a six-year research project granted by the European Research Council (ERC) as part of its “Synergy” scheme.

The project DHARMA: The Domestication of “Hindu” Asceticism and the Religious Making of South and Southeast Asia (2019–2015), will be launched on May 1st 2019. The ERC funds are awarded through the European Union’s Research and Innovation Programme Horizon 2020. The project’s three Principal Investigators are Emmanuel Francis (CEIAS), Arlo Griffiths (EFEO) and Annette Schmiedchen (UBER).

The project will focus on the religion known today as “Hinduism”, a major world religion and the main religion of the world’s largest democracy, India. But this history is not limited to India. DHARMA will study the history of “Hinduism” in comparative perspective, focusing on the period from the 6th to the 13th century. During this period, the Bay of Bengal served as a maritime highway for intense cultural exchange. The resulting process of “Indianization”, marked notably by the spread of “Hinduism”, of an Indian writing system, and of India’s sacred language Sanskrit, touched large parts of South and Southeast Asia.

The Sanskrit word DHARMA can designate the cosmic law that is upheld both by gods and humans. But it is also often used to refer to any of the numerous temple-related foundations made to support this law. The DHARMA project seeks to understand the process of “institutionalization” of “Hinduism” by investigating the roles of various agents, from kings and noblemen to priests, monks and local communities. It emphasizes the social and material contexts of “Hinduism”. This emphasis requires a multi-regional, multi-scalar and multidisciplinary methodology in order to forge a real synergy of scholarship on premodern South and Southeast Asia.

Our approach will be based on the correlation and contextualization of written evidence from inscriptions and manuscripts, as well as material evidence from temples and other kinds of archaeological sites. The project will be carried out in four task forces. Three regional task forces will focus, respectively, on the inscriptions and archaeological sites of the Tamil-speaking South of India (A), of Central through North-Eastern South Asia into what is today Myanmar (B), and of mainland plus insular Southeast Asia (C). A fourth, transversal task-force (D), led by Dominic Goodall (EFEO) and Florinda de Simini (UNO), will focus on textual material transmitted in manuscript form. For our operations in Asia, the EFEO regional centres in Pondicherry, Siem Reap, and Jakarta will serve as anchors.

South and Southeast Asian manuscripts, normally written on palm-leaf, preserve a rich textual archive relevant to the history of “Hinduism”. We will produce editions with translations of texts that have so far remained unpublished, and therefore untapped, by historical research. These include descriptions of religious practices, as well as prescriptions that deal both with lay religiosity and with religious life in temples and monasteries. As for archaeological evidence, we are in an ideal position — thanks to the long-term collaboration between French and Asian archaeologists — to initiate surveys and contribute the data from excavated sites which are known to be rich in data and which will thus enable us to confront our findings in the inscriptions and texts with the archaeological record. Inscriptions are the main sources for the history of premodern South and Southeast Asia. But they are not all accessible, even less so in a machine-processable format. For the large-scale comparative research that we propose to undertake, making as much as possible of South and Southeast Asian epigraphy available, in a digital database, is therefore a core objective of this project. By making the epigraphy of South and Southeast Asia (in Sanskrit and vernacular languages) enter the digital age, the DHARMA project will create exciting new pathways to comparison across regions. The project will participate in the ERC’s Open Research Data Pilot, and will publish all of its epigraphic data in the form of TEI/EpiDoc encoded XML files under a Creative Commons license.

The post ERC-funded project on South and Southeast Asian epigraphy appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

Stefano Costa (There's More Than Just Potsherds Out There)

I libri che ho letto nel 2018

Nel 2018 ho fatto una scelta piuttosto originale per guidare le mie letture: ho recuperato a casa dei miei genitori un pacco di libri rimasti impilati negli ultimi anni, generalmente arrivati in regalo, che per qualche motivo non mi ero mai portato via. Libri che non avevo letto, ecco. Libri che avevo dimenticato di leggere. Uno magari potrebbe decidere di leggere solo una certa autrice per tutto l’anno, solo libri pubblicati nel 1965, o qualche criterio del genere.

Ho finito la pila di libri non letti e poi mi sono tuffato dentro 4 3 2 1 come una lontra nel fiume.

Daniele De Silva, Non avevo capito niente

Questo non era rimasto impilato ma mi ha dato l’idea di una annata a tema. Un po’ sconnesso nell’incedere ma è stata una bella lettura, forse troppo veloce.

Annamaria Fassio, I giorni del Minotauro

Un giallo piemontese edito da Frilli. Ben architettato e ambientato.

Chinua Achebe, Non più tranquilli

Se con Le cose crollano eravamo di fronte alla tragedia di una società antica, di un suo protagonista inizialmente invincibile, il salto di due generazioni ci porta in un tempo dell’Africa quasi contemporaneo, eppure ancora legato a quella società antica, ai suoi legami indissolubili da cui è difficile sciogliersi anche per chi è apparentemente molto brillante.

Antonio Pennacchi, Canale Mussolini

A me Canale Mussolini non è piaciuto. Ho faticato per leggerlo. Ho sperato a lungo che abbandonasse la prosa dal fare omerico via via che la storia si dipanava, ripetendosi sempre uguale, e invece niente. Ci ho sperato un po’ perché varie persone erano rimaste entusiaste. Di sicuro è scritto per conquistare il lettore. Di sicuro non avevo mai letto una giustificazione così lunga del fascismo, così assolutoria per chi ne è stato protagonista al minuto e così, diciamo, controversa nella figura del narratore. È difficile sospendere il giudizio mentre si legge questa epopea familiare fatta di personaggi tragici, immobili.

Come dice, scusi? Canale Mussolini avrebbe vinto il Premio Strega e io non capisco un’acca della letteratura italiana contemporanea? Ma io sto unicamente raccontando il libro come l’ho trovato io, che guarda caso poi risulta scritto da un prete, e sempre quest’anno mi son trovato con un altro illustre premiato ancor più penoso, e in fin dei conti se per far rinascere l’epica italiana dobbiamo sorbirci un revisionismo palloso e ripetitivo, allora lasciamola nella tomba. Questa è la mia versione dei fatti, poi vedete voi e andate in malora.

Enrico Giannichedda, Quasi giallo

Non conosco molti archeologi che scrivono gialli (ad eccezione, forse, di Fred Vargas che non è proprio un’archeologa). Quindi non sono preoccupato di dire che questo quasi giallo non mi è piaciuto moltissimo. Forse perché le parti archeologiche, che abbondano e quasi debordano, mi sono note in buon dettaglio sia per studio sia per averle sentite proprio dalla voce di Enrico Giannichedda, e in questa cornice sembrano paradossalmente meno interessanti. Forse perché le parti gialle sono abbastanza solidamente nel solco del genere, senza però essere veramente nel solco giallo della copertina, magari più noir o 10YR 2/1. Altri che hanno letto il libro non sono rimasti soddisfatti dal finale, che però tutto sommato a me piace.

Michele Serra, Ognuno potrebbe

Michele Serra è un membro di quella categoria di persone che svolgono il meschino dovere di partorire ogni giorno un pensierino da scolaro delle elementari per la pubblica fruizione. La forma libresca non migliora l’esito e questa storia di un precario, scritta da uno che il precario non sa nemmeno recitarlo sotto forma di macchietta, non piace proprio.

Timur Vermes, Lui è tornato

Tanto inquietante (oggi ancora più di quando è stato scritto, solo nel 2011) quanto scopppiettante, questo è il libro che più mi è piaciuto leggere nel 2018, carico di continui rilanci che solo un buonsenso ormai intorpidito può considerare assurdi. Non ho visto il film che ne è stato tratto, in cui il protagonista non è Hitler bensì Mussolini, ma ne ho parlato con alcuni che lo hanno visto: il discorso è andato a parare sul “messaggio” che l’autore trasmette. Io penso che sia un messaggio molto implicito, che l’autore abbia saputo mostrare in modo eccellente come funzionano, come possono funzionare certi meccanismi psicologici e sociali che hanno conseguenze rapidamente irreparabili, senza bisogno di manifestare una “ovvia” valutazione negativa che avrebbe reso molto meno incisivo il suo autentico messaggio. In ogni caso, lui è tornato già parecchie volte negli ultimi anni e sembra che non siano state vendute abbastanza copie di questo libro.

Edoardo Nesi, Storia della mia gente

Chi abbia dato un premio a questo libro, dovrebbe almeno giustificare il vistoso errore grammaticale del titolo, poiché questa è una storia individuale e solipsistica, vissuta e narrata alla prima persona singolare, da parte di un autore che, del suo passato rimpianto da rampollo fallito di famiglia operosa, ricorda i nomi propri dei macchinari (femminili, ovviamente) ma non quelli degli operai. Uno che dedica varie pagine al Martini nell’ambito del tracollo economico della piccola media impresa manifatturiera italiana. Uno che è felice di scendere in piazza a manifestare perché lo fa stare bene.

Il motivo del blasone è presto detto, essendo l’autore stato precedentemente inserito nella shortlist ha deciso di titillare il premio stesso con continui rimandi ad esso, rendendolo (immaginiamo a propria insaputa) co-protagonista di questa farsa che sa rendersi lucida solo in forma onirica – rivelandosi anche genuinamente impregnata di razzismo.

Paul Auster, 4 3 2 1

Questo libro, questi libri, sono anzitutto una smisurata forma di devozione, una lunghissima dichiarazione d’amore verso la scrittura e la letteratura, verso New York e Parigi e forse anche verso l’essere ebrei negli Stati Uniti. Non per caso la prima parte mi ha ricordato fortissimamente Middlesex, così come il rimando continuo tra storia personale e storia collettiva, non un semplice sfondo ma un palcoscenico.

Il volume è imponente e ha richiesto una certa disciplina nella lettura, evitando tassativamente di leggere più di un capitolo al giorno per non andare in confusione, ma la trama è certo uno degli elementi meno portanti del capolavoro, come prevedibile. Trama che è composta anche di frammenti, mattoni autobiografici composti in modi sempre diversi.

Ci sono capoversi lunghissimi che vorresti non finissero mai. Ci sono liste, ma che liste, di libri, di film, di poesie, di musica. C’è tantissimo sesso, muoiono molte persone e sono sempre le stesse persone i personaggi che vivono 4, 3, 2 vite leggermente o completamente diverse dall’una che tiene il filo.

Si ride, si gode e si soffre moltissimo con questo libro.

Paolo Lazzarin, Patagonia

Questo che mi ha regalato Elisa il 26 dicembre è un delizioso resoconto fotografico di viaggio. La Patagonia, al di là delle frasi da guida turistica, è difficile da spiegare, e la vastità degli spazi soverchia la vista, la mente. Questo viaggio si è svolto principalmente lungo la catena andina, via terra in direzione sud e via mare in direzione nord. Il nostro viaggio, più spezzato e incoerente, era stato certamente meno lento ma comunque sfogliando le pagine ho ritrovato quelle montagne, quelle strade e quei guanachi — perché poi sono uno dei compagni di viaggio più memorabili. Grazie.

Nel 2019 ho deciso che leggerò solo libri scritti da autrici.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Damage to the Archaeological Record Caused by Collection-Driven Exploitation of Archaeological Sites (A Typology of Hoik Holes)

Metal detecting hole

Having just read a Bangor professor's account of traces of Collection-driven artefact hunting on published Austrian sites, and knowing (as he has admitted), he does not take part in it himself, he and his readers might benefit from an account of how it is generally done and its effects on the archaeological record. There are basically seven types of hole dug in this process

Dangerous digging
Hoik hole type A (otherwise known as the 'effingbighole method'), huge hole of varying shapes and sizes, generally big enough to stand in, dug blindly down into the invisible archaeological record and the loose upcast searched through for any collectable items (may involve metal detector use). In this process the upcast is spread about and mixed. Even after weathering and natural bioturbation, if filled in, this will likely register as a 'pit' in subsequent excavation (example, holes dug the hole dug in collection-driven extraction of non-metallic artefacts in UK, or in similar looting in S. America, MENA region and so on)

Bellingham hoard hoik in progress (Facebook)
Hoik hole type B (otherwise known as the 'nuvverbit over-ere' method), huge hole of varying shapes and sizes, dug blindly down into the invisible archaeological record with the use of a detecting device driving the expansion of the hole by detecting successive targets to dig out. Often in the heat of the search the upcast is spread about or heaped, in the process mixing it. These holes can be dug by hand (Holborough) or machine. Even when infilled, after weathering and natural bioturbation, this will likely register as a 'pit' in subsequent excavation (example, the hole dug to retrieve the Bellingham Hoard

Lenborough chaos
Hoik hole type C, fairly large and irregular vertical-sided hole, dug blindly down deep  into the invisible archaeological record on either grassland or into firmer layers below the ploughsoil where directed by a metal detector signal. Upcast scattered around and mixed. Even after weathering and natural bioturbation, infilled, will likely register as a 'pit' in subsequent excavation (example, the hole dug to retrieve the Lenborough Hoard). Often employed where Treasure hunters have strong signal from archaeological layers under the ploughsoil.

Type C hoik hole, Lenborough

Scattered 'axe hoard' hole (5:52)
Hoik hole type D, moderate size and  relatively shallow, dug into loose soil (such as ploughsoil, garden soil) due to which the hole is amorphous. Dug blindly down into and often through a patterned artefact scatter contained in the upper layers of a site (in other words the archaeological record  - see also here and here on the ploughsoil evidence destroyed by artefact hunting). This is usually done on detecting a hidden buried metal artefact with a metal detector. Dug with various types of spade. The depth of the hole is determined by the depth of penetration of the metal detector used and teh characteristics of the (generally small) target item. After the find has been found in the upcast or sides of the hole the loose upcast is shoved back in the hole. Unless there are other, detailed records, and the hole has not penetrated the subsoil, the disturbance to the site (and the patterned artefact scatter that is one of its manifestations) will be undetectable in any subsequent investigation.  
Scene from Series 3 of 'Detectorists'
Hoik hole type E, moderate size and fairly regular, dug blindly down into the invisible archaeological record on detecting a hidden buried metal artefact with a metal detector by using a digging tool to cut a large (spade size) 'plug'. Usually employed on pasture sites and permanent grassland. The size of the hole is determined by the ease of lifting the plug whole. After the find has been located with minimal disturbance of the plug by use of a pinpointer, the plug can be ire-inserted and stamped down. Depending on the type of soil and the way the plug is handled and reinserted, the traces in plan may be a few thin spadecuts that could largely disappear during weathering and natural bioturbation.

Hoik hole type F, Small and fairly regular, dug blindly down into the invisible archaeological record on detecting a hidden buried metal artefact with a metal detector by using a digging tool like a small narrow trowel or posthole digging spade (sold by metal detector suppliers) to cut a small narrow plug. The size of the hole means that the earth of different deposits may not get mixed much (and often a dropcloth is used), so what goes into the hole is what came out. After the soil is replaced and stamped down the trace in plan may be a narrow zone of slightly discoloured soil that, could largely disappear during weathering and natural bioturbation.

Leverage for dummies
Hoik hole type G (aka the 'leverage method'), Here the hole dug and soil disturbance are minimal. having located the buried object a thin blade or probe is gently pushed blindly down into the invisible archaeological record and the object levered up through a narrow cut in the overlying material. The small size of the disturbance means that the traces in the soil of the site are barely visible and will largely disappear during weathering and natural bioturbation. (Here's a video of shallow usage and another one). Used where possible by treasure hunters who don't want people to know they've been there.

Artefact Hunting type H, eyes only, no hole is dug, artefacts collected directly from surface exposures such as ploughed surfaces, pipeline wayleaves, or stream banks. 

Despite a lot of 'liaison', it is unclear what proportion of the various methods of collectable-acquisition are used on British sites.  What can be said however is that given the depth of penetration of most metal detectors in the case of single items, hole digging of types A, B and C, generally associated with hoards, graves and other such concentrations of metal objects  would be in the minority. In England and Wales, when we have annually about 800-1000 Treasure items reported (many - but not all - of which came from such holes dug by the finder), the number of (reported and unreported) finds from shallower hoiking (types D, E, F and G as well as deeper holes) may reach as many as 800 000 items a year. Thus the traces of artefact hunting that are reflected in holes dug into the underlying archaeological layers recognised in subsequent excavation - even if the slight traces of some of these techniques are actually being looked for, is in no way a reflection of the scale, scope and type of  depletion and damage to the archaeological record of a region by Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record. 

The Heroic Age

Call for Papers: HIERONYMUS NOSTER : International Symposium on the 1600th Anniversary of Jerome's Death
Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 24-26 October 2019

The International Symposium on the 1600th Anniversary of Jerome’s Death, Hieronymus noster, will take place in Ljubljana, on October 24th–26th, 2019, at the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. It is being organised by the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts; the Universities of Ljubljana, Zagreb, Graz, and Warsaw; Central European University (CEU); International Network of Excellence “Europa Renascens”; DANUBIUS Project (Université de Lille); and the Institut des Sources chrétiennes.

Call for Papers

Hieronyme, veni foras, “Jerome, come out,” Jerome himself wrote in his letter to a friend (Ep. 4), stating a personal desire addressed to God. His own call will provide the starting point of the international scholarly symposium in 2019, commemorating the 1600th anniversary of Jerome’s death. The encounter will highlight recent research trends related to Jerome’s life, to his opus, and to the reception of this ancient ascetic, Biblical scholar, biographer, traveller, epistolographer, theologian, exegete, satirist, and controversialist. The meeting will take place in Ljubljana, Slovenia, among the archaeological sites of Roman Emona from his letters (Ep. 11–12), whose genius loci remains influenced by the proximity of Jerome’s birthplace, Stridon. While the exact whereabouts of Stridon remain unknown, an excursion will be offered by symposium’s organizers in order to discuss some of its potential locations. The conference will be interdisciplinary and will present Jerome in the light of the latest discoveries; its particular focus will be the archaeological finds of Christian Emona from 2018. The papers invited will consider – but will not be limited to – researching Jerome within the framework of historical context, archaeology, biblical exegesis, patristics, classical philology, and theology.

To Offer a Paper

Please email Provide a title and an abstract in 200 words for a twenty‐minute paper, to be followed by a five‐minute discussion, in English, German, French, or Italian, until March 31st, 2019. Please make sure the title is concise and reflects the contents of the paper. There will be some funds available for food and accommodation.

A separate session will be dedicated to graduate students; their applications are particularly encouraged.

The Committee will reply by April 30th, 2019. Papers will be published in Bogoslovni vestnik: Theological Quarterly – Ephemerides theologicae, and in Keria: Studia Latina et Graeca.

Organizing Committee

- Pablo Argárate, Institute of Ecumenical Theology, Eastern Orthodox Church and Patrology, Faculty of Catholic Theology at the Karl‐Franzens‐University Graz

- Ivan Bodrožić, Department of the History of Christian Literature and Christian Teaching, Catholic Faculty of Theology Zagreb

- Jan Dominik Bogataj OFM, Patristic Institute Victorinianum, Ljubljana, secretary

- Rajko Bratož, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts

- Alenka Cedilnik, History Department, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana

- Antonio Dávila Pérez, Department of Classical Philology, University of Cádiz – International Network Europa Renascens

- Laurence Mellerin, Institut des Sources chrétiennes (HISOMA‐UMR 5189 research centre)

- Dominic Moreau, DANUBIUS Project (Université de Lille/HALMA‐UMR 8164 research centre)

- David Movrin, Department of Classical Philology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana

- Elżbieta M. Olechowska, Faculty of Artes Liberales, University of Warsaw

- Katalin Szende, Department of Medieval Studies, Central European University in Vienna

- Miran Špelič OFM, Patristic Institute Victorinianum, Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana, president of the committee

- Rafko Valenčič, Faculty of Theology, University of Ljubljana
Message sent by : Dominic Moreau
- Associate Professor/Permanent Lecturer in Late Antiquity, University of Lille
- Joint head of the research axis « Powers, religions and representations », HALMA–UMR 8164 research unit
- Director of the DANUBIUS Project
Faculté des Sciences historiques, artistiques et politiques
Université de Lille
Domaine universitaire du "Pont de bois"
Rue du Barreau, BP 60149
59653 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex
DANUBIUS Project :

The Archaeology News Network

Roman tombs discovered in Egypt's Dakhla Oasis

Two Roman tombs have been uncovered during excavation work at Beer El-Shaghala site in Mut village in Dakhla Oasis. Credit: Egypt. Ministry of AntiquitiesThe walls of the two uncompleted tombs are painted in bright colours with religious scenes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Mostafa Waziri, the secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, explains that the first tomb has a 20-step staircase covered...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Open Education Resources (OER) and the Modern University

Over the last couple of years, the University of North Dakota and the North Dakota University System has invested significant resources in promoting the adoption of open educational resources (OER). As a small, open access publisher this makes me very happy because it incentivized the use open access works that aren’t exactly like those published by my press (we haven’t done much in the way of textbook publishing), but are at least share the same spirit.

In response to this policy, the NDUS has received some positive press in the higher education media and now regularly trumpets how much they’ve saved students. This demonstrates a recognition that higher education is expensive and that not all of the expenses are associated with tuition and that the university could do more to manage some of these other costs. The OER push is also unique, it seems to me, in that it understands that the private sector – in this case  textbook publishing companies – is not always going to keep costs down and, in some cases, it is developing a public alternative that effectively competes in terms of quality and cost with the private sector. This runs counter to most of the major trends in higher education in the 21st century, which, Christopher Newfield so expertly unpacks in The Great Mistake: How We Wrecked Public Universities and How we can Fix Them. (2016). As our largely Republican legislature looks to renew and even increase funding for the adoption of OER in North Dakota, it seems like a good time to urge them (and our student and university leaders) to take the next step and to put into place policies that not only support, but will also sustain the use and production of OER and open access material into the future.

Here are some observations along these lines.

1. OER Ecosystem. OER don’t just hang out in the ether waiting to be adopted by faculty. They are produced – usually at significant expense – by faculty and publishers across the U.S. In general, these costs are distributed between institutions, grants, donors, as well as investments of faculty time. For the OER ecosystem to flourish and for the number and quality of OER textbooks to continue to expand and diversify, the entire system requires resources, not just the adoption of books. It seems to me that the desire to fund adoption alone as is the current situation in North Dakota, rests on the assumption that by incentivizing demand, these funds will stimulate supply. It may be that there is a hope that the increase in supply will stimulate competition and improve quality (or, at very least, access to and distribution of these kinds of resources). 

I’m not sure that this way of thinking should apply to open access publishing. First, while there is always a market for resources – more successful and influential open access publisher surely have access to more funds – this is only indirectly related to the adoption of open access resources. In other words, while most open access publishers, I assume, want their books to be used, most of us do not directly benefit from a book that is adopted more frequently and widely because there are no profit margins on open access books. It also doesn’t directly increase our capacity to produce high quality open access books. It might indirectly, though success in grant applications or attracting better quality manuscripts, but the path from a successful adoption to increased resources is not the same as in a market driven industry which assumes that the sale of a product will produce capital. As a result, there needs to be attention to the entire network which supports OERs and this includes ensuring that competitive funding exists for their production as well as for their adoption.

Moreover, most OERs require not just energy to adopt and to produce (see below), but energy to maintain. The best open resources exists with a system that encourages collective modification, versioning (forking and otherwise), and sharing to keep textbooks up-to-date. In commercial publishing, the need to maintain textbooks as current fuels, in part, the constant arrival of new editions with new features and information. This process is expensive and the cost is passed on to consumers (while also recognizing that textbook companies iterate textbooks also to fuel a cycle of obsolesce that generates increased profits). OERs also require updating, but it won’t be directly monetized through textbook sales. What is necessary to feed the OER ecosystem and ensure that OERs remain up to date is the willingness to support their maintenance. Otherwise, classes that rely on outdates OERs will either suffer a lack of a quality textbook or simply revert to commercially available ones.  

The production of OERs can be accelerated (and the costs managed and dynamic potential of digital platforms maximized) through the use of various open publishing platforms (MIT’s PubPub, PressBooks, annotation software like, University of Minnesota’s Manifold). These platforms, however, require digital infrastructure, maintenance, and mentoring for faculty to create dynamic open content and engages students.  

2. Incentivizing at Home. At UND, there’s an interest in evaluating the quality of scholarship produced through any number of ranking schemes of publishers and journals. Needless to say, rather few of these outlets are open access. While this isn’t unusual in higher education, it certainly sends a mixed message concerning the value of open access publishing. On the one hand, we receive incentives for publishing in journals that are then sold back to our universities at considerable costs means that universities are effectively double billed for the cost of scholarly production. Moreover, UND incentivizes this approach to knowledge making which reinforces the idea that open publishing is not as good as traditional publishing (and, at worst, the larger message that somehow quality costs more).

In a more direct way, I’m skeptical that UND incentivizes textbook publishing at all. Some faculty might do this if they sign a remunerative contract with a publisher or see producing a textbook a long-term gain in efficiency for how they teach and prepare their classes. Most faculty, however, follow local incentives and dedicate their writing time to peer-reviewed articles in top tier scholarly journals. Writing an open access textbook means that there will be no paying contract with a publisher or royalties, there’s unlikely to be support baked into existing on campus incentives (in fact, the program that supports adoption of OERs excludes requests to support the production of OERs), and writing a successful grant to support the writing of an OER effectively doubles the energy necessary to pursue this outcome on campus.  

3. The lessons from MOOCs. The current enthusiasm for OERs feels a good bit like the enthusiasm for Massive Open Online Classes (MOOCs). These were initially seen as an opportunity to expand the impact of university teaching at no cost to students and to allow a vast new audience to learn from the best teachers and scholars in the world. While it is clear that MOOCs never quite lived up to their educational potential. (For a discussion of this entire topic go here.)

It didn’t take long for folks to look to monetize MOOCs through various certificate programs that rewarded paying students for their performance. More than that, many place realized that MOOCs were expensive to produce and to keep up to date and to operate. Private companies that arose to produce and manage MOOCs for universities struggled to make a profit and, invariably, passed some of their expenses back to universities. In the end, it would appear that the MOOC, despite its utopian promise, failed because, to oversimplify greatly, few successfully anticipated its cost. I worry that the current trend toward OERs will run into a similar problem. When confronted by the costs of developing, supporting, and maintaining an open access ecosystem, university administrators, legislators, and faculty will balk and either try to pass the costs back to faculty in the form of unfunded mandate to develop OERs or simply let the program quietly die.

In sum, a successful OER initiative requires more than incentivizing adoption. I propose these things:

  1. Establish funds to support the production of at least 3 OER projects per year (approximately $60,000-$80,000 total).
  2. Establish funds to support the maintenance, updating, or “forking” of existing OERs (say, $30,000 per year for up to 3-6 projects).
  3. Establish funds to support OER publishing platforms on campus with local experts and local installations (here for a recent list).
  4. Incentivize open publishing across the university through recognition of OER scholarship during annual reviews and at the departmental and college level.
  5. Support regular fora where faculty who use and produce dynamic open access content (not just OER) across campus.  




Compitum - événements (tous types)

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé: institution ecclésiastique

Titre: Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé: institution ecclésiastique
Lieu: E.P.H.E. / Paris
Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
Date: 20.02.2019
Heure: 14.00 h - 16.00 h

Information signalée par Marie-Odile Boulnois

Conférences d'Alberto Camplani (Université de Rome-La Sapienza)

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé entre le IVe et le VIIIe siècle


mercredi 30 janvier, de 10h à 12h: Les sources et leur typologie, entre historiographie et papyrologie, salle Delamarre

mercredi 6 février de 10h à 12h: Les histoires composées après l'Histoire de l'épiscopat d'Alexandrie, leur dialogue avec l'hagiographie, la vision ecclésiale, salle Delamarre

mercredi 13 février de 14h à 16h: L'hagiographie patriarcale et la création des symboles de l'église et du pouvoir politique, salle Gaston Paris

mercredi 20 février de 14h à 16h: Institution ecclésiastique, idéologie politique, géo-ecclésiologie, salle Gaston Paris

Lieu de la manifestation : Paris, EPHE, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, esc. E
Organisation : Marie-Odile Boulnois et Muriel Debié
Contact : boulnois.marieodile[at]

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé: l'hagiographie patriarcale

Titre: Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé: l'hagiographie patriarcale
Lieu: E.P.H.E. / Paris
Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
Date: 13.02.2019
Heure: 14.00 h - 16.00 h

Information signalée par Marie-Odile Boulnois

Conférences d'Alberto Camplani (Université de Rome-La Sapienza)

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé entre le IVe et le VIIIe siècle


mercredi 30 janvier, de 10h à 12h: Les sources et leur typologie, entre historiographie et papyrologie, salle Delamarre

mercredi 6 février de 10h à 12h: Les histoires composées après l'Histoire de l'épiscopat d'Alexandrie, leur dialogue avec l'hagiographie, la vision ecclésiale, salle Delamarre

mercredi 13 février de 14h à 16h: L'hagiographie patriarcale et la création des symboles de l'église et du pouvoir politique, salle Gaston Paris

mercredi 20 février de 14h à 16h: Institution ecclésiastique, idéologie politique, géo-ecclésiologie, salle Gaston Paris

Lieu de la manifestation : Paris, EPHE, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, esc. E
Organisation : Marie-Odile Boulnois et Muriel Debié
Contact : boulnois.marieodile[at]

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé : les histoires

Titre: Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé : les histoires
Lieu: E.P.H.E. / Paris
Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
Date: 06.02.2019
Heure: 10.00 h - 12.00 h

Information signalée par Marie-Odile Boulnois

Conférences d'Alberto Camplani (Université de Rome-La Sapienza)

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé entre le IVe et le VIIIe siècle


mercredi 30 janvier, de 10h à 12h: Les sources et leur typologie, entre historiographie et papyrologie, salle Delamarre

mercredi 6 février de 10h à 12h: Les histoires composées après l'Histoire de l'épiscopat d'Alexandrie, leur dialogue avec l'hagiographie, la vision ecclésiale, salle Delamarre

mercredi 13 février de 14h à 16h: L'hagiographie patriarcale et la création des symboles de l'église et du pouvoir politique, salle Gaston Paris

mercredi 20 février de 14h à 16h: Institution ecclésiastique, idéologie politique, géo-ecclésiologie, salle Gaston Paris

Lieu de la manifestation : Paris, EPHE, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, esc. E
Organisation : Marie-Odile Boulnois et Muriel Debié
Contact : boulnois.marieodile[at]

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé : les sources

Titre: Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé : les sources
Lieu: E.P.H.E. / Paris
Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
Date: 30.01.2019
Heure: 10.00 h - 12.00 h

Information signalée par Marie-Odile Boulnois

Conférences d'Alberto Camplani (Université de Rome-La Sapienza)

Le patriarcat d'Alexandrie et la construction de la mémoire de son passé entre le IVe et le VIIIe siècle


mercredi 30 janvier, de 10h à 12h: Les sources et leur typologie, entre historiographie et papyrologie, salle Delamarre

mercredi 6 février de 10h à 12h: Les histoires composées après l'Histoire de l'épiscopat d'Alexandrie, leur dialogue avec l'hagiographie, la vision ecclésiale, salle Delamarre

mercredi 13 février de 14h à 16h: L'hagiographie patriarcale et la création des symboles de l'église et du pouvoir politique, salle Gaston Paris

mercredi 20 février de 14h à 16h: Institution ecclésiastique, idéologie politique, géo-ecclésiologie, salle Gaston Paris

Lieu de la manifestation : Paris, EPHE, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, esc. E
Organisation : Marie-Odile Boulnois et Muriel Debié
Contact : boulnois.marieodile[at]

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Launched: Concordance Liberation Project: Freeing the data in Greek and Latin concordances for digital projects

Where have all the concordances gone? Before the rise of a certain ubiquitous search engine, the humble index verborum (an alphabetical list of dictionary headwords used in a text, with a full list of citations for each instance) or concordance (same, but with a few words of context for each instance) were respected genres of scholarship. Concordances, dull though they may seem, helped classical scholars in studying the characteristic vocabulary of the authors. They allowed the finding of passages quickly. They helped translators and commentators by allowing access to a full list of instances of a particular lemma, something dictionaries did not provide. They revealed which words did not appear in an author. And, a key factor for many classical concordance makers, they could help in efforts to establish a more authoritative text.
Now the print concordance is well and truly defunct, digital road-kill beneath the wheel of digital tools. Yet most algorithmic attempts to replicate concordances are actually lists of character strings, not, as with most of the older print concordances, lists of dictionary headwords—a crucial distinction.
But what if the painstaking work of previous generations could be freed from the book and opened to digital processing?
The Concordance Liberation Project will release the data on Github under a creative commons share alike license, as:
  • a .txt file of the professionally digitized book
  • a lemmatized text of the work (as a spreadsheet and/or csv)
  • code that allowed harvested the lemmata from the .txt and created a lemmatization spreadhsheet for final processing by human hands.
Whenever possible, these lemmatized texts will be added to The Bridge to allow readers to benefit directly from the lemmatization work of scholars long ago.
A fuller version of this manifesto can be found at Flight of the Concordances


  • Paulson, Johannes. Index Lucretianus. Leipzig: Wincornachdruck, 1926.
  • begun Fall 2017
  • completed Spring 2018
  • funding support by Dickinson College, Haverford College (Faculty Research Grant)
  • Repository


  • Oldfather, William A., H. V. Canter, Kenneth Morgan Abbott, and B. E. Perry. Index Apuleianus. Middleton: American Philological Association, 1934.
  • begun 2018
  • completed Jan 2019
  • funding support by Society of Classical Studies (Pedagogy Grant), Haverford College (Faculty Research Grant)
  • Repository


  • Moser, A. H. Index Verborum Eutropianus Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1931.
  • begun Jan 2019
  • Repository

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Shogun family’s coat of arms seen on sunken roof tile in Shizuoka

ATAMI, Shizuoka Prefecture–Roof tiles for Edo Castle, including a gargoyle tile featuring the...

The Stoa Consortium

EpiDoc and digital epigraphy workshop (London, April 29-May 4, 2019)

We invite applications for a six-day training workshop in digital and practical epigraphy at the Institute of Classical Studies, University of London, 29 April – 4 May 2019.

The workshop will be organised by Gabriel Bodard (ICS) and Katherine McDonald (Exeter), with additional training provided by Charlotte Tupman (Exeter), Charles Crowther (Oxford), Valeria Vitale (ICS) and Caroline Barron (Birkbeck). There will be no charge for the workshop. There will be a limited number of bursaries available to assist students and other unfunded scholars with the costs of travel and accommodation, provided by the AHRC Early Career Leadership Fellowship ‘Connectivity and Competition’ (PI Katherine McDonald).

The focus of the workshop will be on skills for Greek and Latin epigraphy, including squeeze-making, photogrammetry, reflectance transformation imaging (RTI), and EpiDoc. EpiDoc ( is a community of practice, recommendations and tools for the digital editing and publication of ancient texts based on TEI XML. No expert computing skills are required, but a working knowledge of Greek/Latin or other ancient language, epigraphy, and the Leiden Conventions will be assumed. The workshop is open to participants of all levels, from graduate students to professors and professionals. Although the focus is on Greek and Latin epigraphy, we welcome applications from those in other adjacent fields.

To apply for a place on this workshop please email by Friday 15 February 2019, including the following information:

  • a brief description of your reason for interest
  • your relevant background and experience
  • if you would like to request a bursary, an estimate how much you would need.

If you have any questions before applying, please don’t hesitate to contact Katherine ( or Gabby (

Paola Arosio and Diego Meozzi (Stone Pages' Archaeonews)

Ancient couple found in Harappan grave

Between 4500 and 2500 BCE, the bodies of a couple, believed to be married, were placed carefully side by side - with the the man's face turned toward the woman...

Hoard of Copper Age axes discovered in Bulgaria

A hoard of 6,500-year-old Copper Age axes and ax hammers - Europe's largest such find so far - has been discovered by accident near the town of Polkovnik Taslakovo, in...

Bid to build replica Iron Age tower in Scotland

An archaeological charity is pushing ahead with an ambitious plan to construct a full-size replica of an Iron Age broch in Scotland. Caithness Broch Project has launched a crowdfunding campaign...

Beast-faced carvings found at Chinese prehistoric settlement

The distinctive, often beastly, patterns found on classical Chinese bronzeware may be thousands of years older than first thought, archaeologists said after finding similar designs carved into the stone walls...

Jim Davila (

More from the Talmud on ritual animal slaughter

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Qasr Al-Yahud and Joshua's crossing?

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

A Hug from Jesus

You know the experience. You are reading something that should be familiar, and yet something new and unexpected jumps out at you. That’s what happened to me not long ago, while reading the Greek New Testament in church on my phone. One word literally jumped out at me. Well, it literally jumped out at me […]

Jim Davila (

BHD on Machaerus

<img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Cahana-Blum, Wrestling with Archons

<img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.01.23: Late Roman to Late Byzantine/Early Islamic Period Lamps in the Holy Land: The Collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority

Review of Varda Sussman, Late Roman to Late Byzantine/Early Islamic Period Lamps in the Holy Land: The Collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Oxford: 2016. Pp. iv, 635. £65.00. ISBN 9781784915704.

2019.01.22: Roman Artists, Patrons, and Public Consumption: Familiar Works Reconsidered

Review of Brenda Longfellow, Ellen Perry, Roman Artists, Patrons, and Public Consumption: Familiar Works Reconsidered. Ann Arbor: 2017. Pp. xiv, 255; 16 p. of plates. $75.00. ISBN 9780472130658.

2019.01.21: La médecine de guerre en Grèce ancienne. De diversis artibus, 98

Review of Evelyne Samama, La médecine de guerre en Grèce ancienne. De diversis artibus, 98. Turnhout: 2017. Pp. 588. €90.00. ISBN 9782503566450.

2019.01.20: Julien l'Empereur. Contre les Galiléens. Bibliothèque des textes philosophiques

Review of Angelo Giavatto, Robert Muller, Julien l'Empereur. Contre les Galiléens. Bibliothèque des textes philosophiques. Paris: 2018. Pp. 245. €12,00 (pb). ISBN 9782711627592.

Current Epigraphy

Exploring the Social and Cultural Contexts of Historic Writing Systems

Thursday 14th – Saturday 16th March 2019.

Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge.

The conference schedule has now been released. It can be downloaded here: crews conference 2019 programme.

More about the project at
the Crews Project website.

The post Exploring the Social and Cultural Contexts of Historic Writing Systems appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

Compitum - publications

M. Bastin-Hammou, F. Fonio et P. Paré-Rey (éd. ...

Malika Bastin-Hammou, Filippo Fonio et Pascale Paré-Rey (éd.), Fabula agitur. Pratiques théâtrales, oralisation et didactique des langues et cultures de l'Antiquité, Grenoble, 2019.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires de Grenoble
Collection : Didaskein
320 pages
ISBN : 978-2-37747-054-9
24 €

Cet ouvrage propose de faire état de cette problématique, en adoptant tout d'abord une perspective historique analysant des usages anciens pour présenter ensuite des expérimentations pédagogiques contemporaines diverses. Le volume aborde également les problèmes spécifiques à l'oralisation et pose la question de la prononciation restituée du latin, avant d'exposer deux exemples d'immersion en grec ancien. La dernière étape est celle du passage à la scène des langues et des cultures de l'Antiquité.
La réflexion aborde conjointement, tout au long de ces pages, les volets linguistiques et culturels. Les enseignants comme les praticiens de théâtre trouveront également de très nombreuses ressources, dans le livre et en ligne : photos, vidéos, témoignages, séquences pédagogiques illustrant ou complétant le propos. Ainsi, Fabula agitur constitue une synthèse critique en même temps qu'une invitation au renouvellement des pratiques d'enseignement des langues anciennes.

Source : Les presses pluridisciplinaires de l'Université Grenoble Alpes

Archaeology Magazine

Medieval Copper Production Settlement Found in Jordan

Jordan Copper SmeltingAMMAN, JORDAN—A medieval settlement dedicated to copper smelting has been identified in southern Jordan, reports The Jordan Times. The site, known as Khirbat Nuqayb Al Asaymir (Arabic for "Ruin of the Small Black Pass"), flourished under the Ayyubid dynasty, which was founded by the Kurdish military leader Saladin. University of San Diego archaeologist Ian Jones leads the excavation, and notes the site was only occupied for 50 or 60 years. Its rise coincided with the expansion of the sugar industry under the Ayyubids, which requires a large supply of copper to fashion boiling vessels. Jones and his team were suprised to find no locally produced pottery at the site. However, they did discover glazed ceramics known as “stonepaste" pottery, which were likely imported from Damascus, suggesting the presence of high-ranking Ayyubid administrators at the site. To read more about the archaeology of the Levant during this period, go to “Reimagining the Crusades.”

Buddha Statue Head Uncovered in Northwest India

TARANGA, INDIA—The head of a Buddha statue believed to date to the fourth or fifth century A.D. has been discovered near Taranga in India’s northwestern state of Gujarat, according to a report from The Times of India. The find was made by archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India, who recently found some 50 votive stupas nearby, establishing Taranga as an important Buddhist center. The head, which was uncovered in a temple, has a round face with curly hair and long ears, arched eyebrows over half-closed eyes, and depressions at the corners of its lips. A head with similar features was found at Devni Mori, a site about 40 miles to the east. Experts believe Buddhist activity may have spread from there to the Taranga area. To read about another recent discovery in India, go to “Double Vision.”

Medieval Inscription Discovered in India

AMARAVATI, INDIA—The Times of India reports that a stone slab inscribed with a thirteenth-century inscription has been found in a village in southeastern India. The slab rises two feet above ground level, and archaeologists believe it extends up to five feet into the ground. Carvings on the slab's surface depict a bull, a sun, and a moon, all characteristic of art made under the Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled what is now the state of Andhra Pradesh from the twelfth to fourteenth centuries. As yet the inscription cannot be read since so much of the slab remains underground, but it likely records a donation made to a Hindu temple by a person of some means. To read about another recent discovery in India, go to “India’s Anonymous Artists.”

Nineteenth-Century Chess Pieces Found in Lincolnshire Barn

England Lincolnshire Chess PiecesLINCOLNSHIRE, ENGLAND—A pair of chess pieces dating to the nineteenth century were uncovered during renovations of a barn in the town of Burgh le Marsh, according to a report from the Skegness Standard. The queen and bishop were found in a beam over the barn’s main entrance and are believed to have served as protective amulets, placed there to help keep the occupants and their livestock safe, according to archaeologist Adam Daubney of the Lincolnshire County Council. “We know that in the 1800s, people used to place artifacts at boundaries and thresholds of properties to help ward off evil spirits,” he said. “These tended to be things like shoes, miniature bibles, or mummified cats. We haven’t seen chess pieces before.” He adds that the pieces, which were made from plaster of Paris or crushed stone and then probably dipped in resin, were specifically chosen for their symbolic value. “It seems likely that the praying Bishop and Queen—the latter which might have served the role of Mary—were carefully selected from the chess set as pieces that might have particular spiritual power to ward off evil,” said Daubney. To read about an 800-year-old chess piece discovered in Norway, go to “Norwegian Knight.”

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

The 12th-century Aegean pottery from the Koukounaries Hill, Paros and Tell Atchana (ancient Alalakh), Turkey: some social and historical implications and unexpected interconnections

January 15, 2019 19.00 - LECTURE Robert B. Koehl, Hunter College, City University of New York, Professor of Archaeology, Department of Classical and Oriental Studies

January 14, 2019

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: DIO: The International Journal of Scientific History

 [First posted in AWOL 4 December 2013, updated 14 January 2019]

DIO: The International Journal of Scientific History
ISSN 1041-5440
DIO is primarily a journal of scientific history & principle. Most articles are authored by astrononomers, physicists, mathematicians, & classicists — not historians. There are no page charges.
  • Since 1991 inception, has gone without fee to leading scholars & libraries.
  • Publisher & journal cited (1996 May 9) in New York Times frontpage story on his discovery of data blowing open the famous 70-year Richard Byrd North Pole controversy. [Featured in DIO 10 [2000], co-published with the University of Cambridge.]
  • See also New York Times Science 2010/9/8, or fuller version(including link to DIO) on NYT website.
  • Journal is published primarily for universities' and scientific institutions' collections; among subscribers (by written request) are libraries at: Oxford University, Cambridge University, Johns Hopkins, Cal Tech, Cornell University, the universities of Chicago, Toronto, London, Munich, Göttingen, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Tartu, Amsterdam, Liège, Ljubljana, Bologna, Canterbury (NZ); the US Naval Observatory, Royal Astronomical Society (London), Royal Observatory (Scotland), British Museum, Russian State Library, International Center for Theoretical Physics (Trieste).
  • Contributors include world authorities in their respective fields, experts at, e.g., Johns Hopkins University, Cambridge University, University of London.
  • New findings on Mayan eclipse math, Columbus' landfall, and Comet Halley apparitions.
  • Journal first to reveal orbital evidence proving the priority of Paris Observatory's U.Leverrier as Neptune's 1846 discoverer, and overturning history's harsh verdict on J. Challis (Cantab) for missing the planet. On Leverrier's instruction, Neptune was found at Berlin Observatory 1846/9/23 within 1° of his computed spot — still, 1 1/2 centuries later, astronomical history's #1 miracle-event.
  • [DIO 2.3, 4.2, 7.1 & DIO 9.1 [1999], the last cited at Scientific American 2004 Dec p.98 for the key finding that undid England's long-previously-accepted priority claim.]
  • Includes occasional satirical supplement, customarily devoted to an ever-bubbling stream of math-science howlers, published by the most dissent-suppressive History-of-astronomy professorial deities.
  • Entire 1993 volume [DIO vol. 3] devoted to the first (and still the only) critical edition of Tycho's legendary 1004-star catalog.
Scholars familiar with DIOare urged to bring it to the attention of the serials departments of appropriate institutional libraries.
DIO 22  DIO & The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy
1. Ancient Accuracy vs History of science Society— History-of-science's Egglaying Race Continues Apace:Isis-HsS-JHA 2015 Theft of DIO Discovery & Astronomically-Bungled 2016 HsS Attack on DR Greenwich Centenary paper
Resolving Conflict Between Greek Scientists' Ordmag 1' Latitude Accuracy vs Astrologers' Ordmag 1° Crudity
Disgracefully Unquestioned Tradition That Canaries = Blest Isles, Despite 800mi Latitude Nonfit, Ignoring Cape Verde Islands' Neat Fit

2. The Greatest Faker of Antiquity: Still Foolin' 'Em
— AllTime-Spectacular Ineptest Ptolemy Fakes — Some Hitherto Unknown or Insufficiently Appreciated

3. History-of-astronomy's Serial Data-Tamperers: Retards Retarding Potential Advances Via DIO's Cascade of Inductive Successes —
Revealing Brilliance of Kallippos, Timocharis, Aristarchos, Sostratos, Hipparchos, & anonymous Greek astronomers

4. Ptolemists Lay Another Egg: JAHH Suppresses Referee-Urged Contrary Evidence; False, Amateur, & Unbalanced Statistics

DIO 21  DIO & The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 1. “A Hack Job”, by Robert M. Bryce
The Enduring Perils of Copyism.

2. “Ignored” No More, by Robert M. Bryce
The Frederick Cook 1993 Ohio State University Conference.

3. Dr.Frederick Cook as Non-Navigator, Inept Liar, & Thief of Glory, by Dennis Rawlins
Amateurishly Indoor-Cooked&Doctored Double-Limb Solar Double-Altitudes Allegedly Outdoor by Sextant.

4. Finding the Cook Case's Smoking Gun at Last, by Robert M. Bryce
The Lost Original Polar Diary of Frederick Cook

5. Snow Job & the 7 Dwarfs— Incontinental Drift, by Dennis Rawlins
National Geographic's Unimpeachable Longitude Authority Proves Errant Brazil Kissed Africa Under 500 Years Ago;
Plus Further Navigation Founderation HyperDiscoveries: Moon a Planet! Tachyonic Tectonics! Relativity a Hoax!
NGS-NF Discovers Simultaneous Worldwide Lunar Appulse!

6. A Long Persistently Shelved Galileo Episode, by Nicholas Kollerstrom
1618's Great Comet: “Fly Like an Eagle”, Jesuit Grassi's parallax evidence of superlunary comet bests Galileo's conviction that comets were nearby terrestrial apparitions.

7. DIO's Own Bottom-Ten List of Establishment Myths, by Dennis Rawlins
Genesis; Moses' Tablets; Resurrectile Disfunction; Ptolemy's Solar, Mercurial, & Venusian geocentricity; Marlowe→Shakespeare Same Town Same Fortnight; John C.Adams' Post-Discovery Neptune “Priority” vs Leverrier's right-on earlier hit; Papal Infallibility's Circularity & those VatCity Cards; Peary's peerlessly steerless N.Pole navigation; Byrd's long-hidden N.Pole raw data; History-of-science's glorification of indoor astrologer Ptolemy as The Greatest while scoffing at outdoor-scientist observer & inductor-genius Aristarchos as incompetent faker.

8. AIR-ERRing ERatosthenes, by Dennis Rawlins
Airbending of horizontal light (atmospheric refraction) as perfect-fit source of large Earth-circumference measurement-errors of Sostratos-Eratosthenes & of Poseidonios. Theory's triple-fit is final proof that 185 meters = pharaonic stade length.

9. Accurate Ancient Astronomical Achievements, by Dennis Rawlins
all three ancient monthlengths correct to 1 timesec; observatories' geographical latitudes accurate to ordmag 1 arcmin; lunar-eclipse-based geographical longitudes accurate to ordmag 1° and History-of-science's backfironic denial of the achievement; 185-meter stade's implication of Ptolemy I survey's Earth-measure to 1%; Hipparchos' 135 BC obliquity good to ordmag 1 arcmin; Greeks' recognition that solstices were accurate to ordmag 1 hour & superior to equinoxes; eclipse-measured stars, parallax-sign-slips & cannonized saint-editor; solar distance as origin of order-of-magnitude; distances to Sun & to stars gauged by visual limit 1/10000 radians expands helicentrists' universe trillion-fold beyond geocentrists.

DIO 20  DIO 1. Archimedes as Astronomer: His 2200-Year Sunsize Disguise Unmasked; Use of Degrees in 3rd Century Hellenistic Science
2. Ancient Solstices: Hipparchos' 158 BC solstice and Solar Year from his Eclipse Invervals & papyrus Fouad 267A
3. Hipparchos' Fake −381/12/12 Eclipse's 179° Elongation; His Math's Mechanical Flawlessness; Greek Solar Theory Invented Ordmag

Galileo's Jupiter Satellite Observations, transl. Charles J. Donovan

Marlowe Created Shakespeare --- and the Perfect Non-Murder
 DIO 17
1. Searching for the Ether: Leopold Courvoiser’s Attemtps to Measure the Absolute Velocity of the Solar System, by Roberto De Andrade Martins
2. The Very Early History of Trigonometry, by Dennis Duke
3. An Early Use of the Chain Rule, by Dennis Duke

DIO 16  DIO & The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 1. Hipparchos' Eclipse-Based Spica&Regulus, Solved Via JHA Parallax Sign-Muff
2. Pytheas' Ideal Southern-View Marseilles Observatory Located: Cape Croisette
3. A.Diller's Sph Trig Klimata Theory Perfected, & Gratuitous JHA Attack Upon It Refereed
4. Scrawlins

DIO 15 1. Charles Kowal's Account of His Discovery of Galileo's 1612-1613 Neptune Observations
2. Statistical Dating of the Phenomena of Eudoxus, by Dennis Duke
3. An Interesting Property of the Equant, by Dennis Duke
4. A Database for British Neptune-discovery Correspondence, by Nick Kollerstrom

DIO 14 1. Eratosthenes: Pharos Truth Behind Alexandria-Aswan Myth
2. Aristarchos Unbound: Ancient Vision
3. The Ptolemy GEOGRAPHY’s Secrets

DIO 13.2-3 1. The Babylonian Theory of the Planets, by Hugh Thurston
2. Source of Hebrew Month: Babylonian Science or Ancient Tradition? by Morris Engelson
3. Hebrew Month:  Information from Almagest? by Morris Engelson
4. Ancient Declinations and Precession, by Dennis Duke

DIO 13.1 1. On the Orientation of Early Egyptian Pyramids
2. Vast Eclipse Cycles: Stabilities & Gaps

DIO 12 1. The Southern Limit of the Ancient Star Catalog, by Keith A. Pickering
2. On the Clarity of Visibility Tests, by Dennis Duke
3. The Measurement Method of the Almagest Stars, by Dennis Duke
4. The Instuments Used by Hipparchos, by Keith A. Pickering
5. A Re-identification of some entries in the Ancient Star Catalog, by Keith A. Pickering

DIO 11.3   [Three Ways Ptolemy Could've Solved Venus' Orbit Honestly] 5. Ancient Solutions of Venus & Mercury orbits, by Dennis Duke
6. The Crucial-Test V-bomb [Hey-Nobody's-Perfect], by Dennis Rawlins
7. Unveiling Venus, by Hugh Thurston

DIO 11.2 4. Ancient Planet Tables' Long-Cycle Ancestries

DIO 11.1 1. Aristarchos & the "Babylonian" System B Month
2. Babylon's System A & the 1274 BC Eclipse
3. Hipparchos' Draconitic Month & the 1245 BC Eclipse

DIO 10  DIO & The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy DIO's Report (co-published with the University of Cambridge) on R.Byrd's 1926 North Pole Hoax
  Amundsen: Cheated & Uncheated … First at EACH Pole
  Byrd 1926 North Pole Claim's Burial Slides from Decent to Indecent
  Bernt Balchen's Air Double Priority & Skepticism Vindicated
  Byrd's Courage & Navigational Pioneering Merit Admiration Nonetheless

DIO 9.2-3 4. Response to FACS's "Critical Review", by Robert M. Bryce
5. The "Washburn-Rawlins-Bryce Troika", by Robert M. Bryce
 The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 6. High Comedy at Low Altitude, a DIO Commentary

DIO 9.1 1. British Neptune-Disaster File Recovered
2. Ecliptical Coordinates Beneath Hipparchos' Commentary, by Keith Pickering
3. Continued-Fraction Decipherment: Ancestry of Ancient Yearlengths & [pre-Hipparchan] Precession

DIO 8    A Thurston Collection 1. R.R. Newton versus Ptolemy, by Hugh Thurston
2. Mediaeval Indians and the Planets, by Hugh Thurston
3. WWII Cryptography, by Hugh Thurston
4. Book Reviews of J.Evans 1998 & N.Swerdlow 1998, by Hugh Thurston
5. Scrawlins

DIO 7.2-3 7. The Fake Peak Revisited, by Robert M. Bryce
8. Cook's Curious Timetable, by Robert M. Bryce
 The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 9. Unfalsifiability-Summit, Flub-Summit, Barometer-Bomb: a DIO commentary

DIO 7.1 1. Robertson's Data Fabrications, by E. Myles Standish
2. Hipparchus and Spherical Trigonometry, by Curtis Wilson
3. Hipparchos at Lindos, a Modest Confirmation, by Dennis Rawlins
4. Peary's Memorandum on Steering, by Hanne Dalgas Christiansen
5. Unpublished Letters
6. van der Waerden: a Mathematician's Appreciation, by Hugh Thurston

DIO 6  DIO-Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 1. Testing Princetitute-Muffia Omertà: Equation 31, by Dennis Rawlins
 DIO 2. A Mayan Table of Eclipses, by Hugh Thurston
3. Crawling Towards Integrity
4. OJ Darts & Nordberg Walks
5. Hero & Doppelfanger: A Shaggy Were-Dog Story

DIO 5 Aubrey Diller’s edition of Ptolemy’s Geography, Book 8
  Plus 2009's Surprise 13-for-13 Vindication of Diller's 1934 Proof of 2nd Century BC Spherical Trig

DIO 4.3 11. Concise Chronology of Approaches to the Poles, by R. K. Headland
12. Richard Byrd, Bernt Balchen, & the North Pole, by Dennis Rawlins
13. Scrawlins
14. Recovering Hipparchos' Last Lost Lustrous Star
15. Naked Came the Arrogance

DIO 4.2 Competence Held Hostage #2: The Princeton Institute vs. Aubrey Diller
6. Ptolemy's Backwardness, by Hugh Thurston
7. Unpublished Letters
8. The JFK Assassination Conspiracy Conspiracy
9. Scrawlins
10. The "Theft" of the Neptune Papers: Amnesty for the Astronomer Royal?

DIO 4.1 Competence Held Hostage #1
1. Pan-Babylonianism Redivivus? Ivy League Fundamentalism, by David Dicks
2. Columbus's Landfall at Plana Keys, by Keith Pickering
3. Hipparchos' Sites, his Spherical Trig, & R. Newton's Star Catalog Test, by Dennis Rawlins
4. Casting Pearls Before Pyglets: a Cautionary Tale of Duffermuffs & Flatterfeet
5. Announcing DIO Edition of Tycho's Star Catalog: Gratis to Subscribing Libraries

DIO 3 Tycho's Star Catalog: the First Critical Edition
  A. KiloPerfectionism
  B. Spherical Trig: Precision by Brainpower
  C. The Catalog's Misunderstood Accuracy
  D. Error Medians
  E. Error Standard Deviations
  F. Least-Squares Analysis of Errors
  G. Principal-Star Error Trends
  H. Exceptional-Star Error Trends
  I. Select-Star Error Trends
  J. Discussion of Error Tables
  K. Total Star Count
  L. How Dim Was Tycho's Magnitude Limit?
  M. Discussion of Individual Stars' Errors [& List of Abbreviations]
  N. The Final Fifty Stars: Complete Spherical Trig Reconstructions
  O. Tycho's Rank
  P. Preface to Full Tabulation of Catalog D's 1004 Stars & 100 Select Stars

DIO 2.3 6. Scrawlins
7. Unpublished Letters
8. Current Developments: Columbus, Amundsen, and Ptolemy's Jekyll&Hide Defenders
9. The Neptune Conspiracy: British Astronomy's Post-Discovery Discovery

DIO 2.2 5. Amundsen's "Nonexistent" 1911 South Pole Aiming Data
  A. Ted Heckathorn
  B. The You're-Another Defense of Peary's Alleged Course-Setting
  C. Clott of the Antarctic?
  D. Moore Logic
  E. The NavFou Piles On
  F. Heckathorn Finds Amundsen's Transverse Data
  G. Recovering Amundsen's Spherical Trig Calculations
  H. Scott's Navigational Math
  I. Ex-Meridian Overprecision & Fatigue
  J. Amundsen's Path to the Pole
  K. Bunker Buncombe
  L. Appendix: Coverup Cubed

DIO 2.1 1. Scrawlins
2. Correspondence
3. Referees Refereed
4. Tycho 1004-Star Catalog's Completion Was Faked

DIO 1.2-3  The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy   9. Muffia Orbituary
  A. Let Us Now Braise Famous Men
  B. The Winter of Our Disrefereeing
  C. Somersaults & Winter Equinoxes
  D. Even a Hun Can Have Fun: Blitzkreig in the 'Jest
  E. DeToga Party: Lead Paper, Lead Balloon
  F. R.R.Newton's Ghost Flattens Babylonian Unicycle
  G. TrigOut Orgy
  H. Browning-Squared
  I. It Is Best To Be Clear About One's Conduct
  J. And The Last Shall Be First: Muffia Immolation-Scene
 DIO   K. Old Turkey: The Mystery of Hipparchos' Roots
  L. Hipparchos' Eclipse Trio B Reveals His Early Solar Orbit
  M. Frankensteinorbit Meets Trio A
  N. From Hipparchos' Sham Emerges: Aristarchos' Lunar Apogee
  O. Ancient Heliocentrists' Adoption of the Astronomical Unit
  P. Basking Case
  Q. Improved Estimates of Aristarchos' Distances to Sun & Moon
  R. Haute Cowture & Pseudo-Aristarchos' Fatal Contradiction
  S. Hipparchos in Scientific History
 The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy   10. Black Affidavit

DIO 1.1 1. Prologue: by Dennis Rawlins
2. Rawlins' Scrawlins
3. Unpublished Letters
4. Peary, Verifiability, and Altered Data
5. The Scholarly Integrity of Book Reviews, by Robert R. Newton
6. Hipparchos' Ultimate Solar Orbit
 The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy 7. Figleaf Salad: Ptolemy's Planetary Model as Funny Science
8. Royal Cometians: Reputability, Reform, & Higher Selfpublication

Rob Cain (Ancient Rome Refocused)

Homer Book Cover 1

Tell me, Muse, the story of that resourceful man who was driven to wander far and wide after he had sacked the holy citadel of Troy. He saw the cities of many people and he learnt their ways. He suffered great anguish on the high seas in his struggles to preserve his life and bring his comrades home.

Dickinson College Commentaries

Concordance Liberated: Apuleius

About a year ago Bret Mulligan and I started on a project to liberate the data contained in concordances of classical authors, by digitizing the concordance, then unscrambling it to produce a fully lemmatized text. This lemmatized text was then to be combined with dictionary head words and definitions to create a full lexicon. The idea is that those who want to read the author could create full, accurate vocabulary lists based on this data, using The Bridge.

In April 2018 we received a Pedagogy Grant from the Society for Classical Studies (see “Flight of the Concordances“) to begin with the Index Apuleianus by William Abbott Oldfather et. al. (published in 1934 by the American Philological Association). Today I am proud to report on the  successful completion of that part of the project.

A website describing the broader Concordance Liberation Project is now live. 
The Gituhub repository contains the plain text of the concordance and the lemmatized text with full dictionary forms and definitions.
The searchable interface at The Bridge makes this data available to teachers and others who want to create vocabulary lists for works of Apuleius.

The digitization was performed by NewGen Knowledge Works. Chris Francese and Bret Mulligan performed the data analysis prefatory to processing and conversion. Michael Skalak wrote the code and transformed the plain text to a spreadsheet. Post-processing involved creating equivalencies between the lemmas used by Oldfather and his team and the lemmas or “titles” used by The Bridge; making sure that dictionary forms or display lemmas matched those; and then equipping the dictionary headwords with appropriate definitions. This difficult and meticulous work was carried out by Eli Goings (Dickinson ’18) and John Burgess (Haverford ’19), with funding from Dickinson and Haverford Colleges. As those who know Apuleius are aware, his vocabulary is immense. This work effectively creates a full lexicon of his works with definitions for even the most obscure words.

“Concordance Liberation” is now an ongoing project, and the SCS grant gave it an important impetus, for which we are very grateful. The next author we are tackling is Eutropius, and we have many others in the queue. Please let us know if you have any comments or suggestions.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Ancient 'Tomb' Unearthed in Guatemala Turns Out to Be Maya Steam Bath

Archaeologists have discovered an ancient steam bath that the Maya likely used for religious rituals...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Chronological Lists of Oriental Institute Publications

Chronological Lists of Oriental Institute Publications

Between 1997 and 2011, the Oriental Institute maintained a list, by year, of its publications. This offered a useful chronological overview of the publication activity. I have now compiled lists for 2012-2018 and include links to the 1997-2011 lists below.


  • LAMINE 1. Christians and Others in the Umayyad State. Edited by Antoine Borrut and Fred M. Donner, with contributions by Touraj Daryaee, Muriel  Debié, Sidney H. Griffith, Wadad al-Qadi, Milka Levy-Rubin, Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych, Donald Whitcomb, and Luke Yarbrough, 2016

  • Nimrud: The Queens' Tombs. By Muzahim Mahmoud Hussein, translation and initial editing by Mark Altaweel, additional editing and notes by McGuire Gibson. 2016




For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:



Welcome to the Online Cultural and Historical Research Environment (OCHRE®) Wiki

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  • Provide up-to-date documentation on revisions to OCHRE
  • Announce new features and track updates by version
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Use this link to run OCHRE.
Comments and discussion will be monitored by OCHRE developer Sandra Schloen and by research database consultant Miller Prosser. If there are any topics that you would like to see covered, please let us know.
For more information
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ArcheoNet BE

Raveschotlezing: Gent als ‘Centrale Plaats’ in de vroege middeleeuwen

Op donderdag 24 januari vindt in Gent de jaarlijkse Raveschotlezing plaats, die meteen ook de feestelijke start vormt van het nieuwe archeologische jaar in Gent. Prof. Dries Tys zal een inkijk geven in de ontwikkeling van het vroegmiddeleeuwse Gent en de rol van de vergadering van de vrije mannen in dit proces.

Het programma voor deze avond bestaat uit:

  • Een stadsarcheologisch welkom
    Gunter Stoops,  Stadsarcheologie Gent
  • De start van een nieuw jaar en een inleiding tot de lezing
    Filip Watteeuw, Schepen van Mobiliteit, Publieke Ruimte en Stedenbouw
  • Cultus, bestuur en handel en de dynamiek van Gent als ‘Centrale Plaats’ (prof. Dries Tys – Hoofddocent Medieval Archaeology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel )
    In de discussie rond de ontwikkeling van vroegmiddeleeuwse handel en de verklaring van het ontstaan van middeleeuwse steden wordt meer en meer aandacht geschonken aan het belang van het proces van ‘assembly’. Met deze term wordt het samenkomen van de mensen bedoeld en dit in het kader van de typische (vroeg)middeleeuwse vergadering van de vrije mannen die instonden voor bestuur, rechtspraak én ritualiteit. In dat kader wordt ook de ontwikkeling van het vroegmiddeleeuwse Gent herbekeken, als één van de plaatsen waar reeds heel vroege informatie voor handen is over zo’n assembly-plaats en -moment. Markt en ritualiteit hebben ook in Gent nauwe banden, en dat blijkt uit het verhaal van de koopman en de gouden kelk van Sint-Baafs …
  • Receptie

Praktisch: de lezing vindt plaats op donderdag 24 januari om 20u in het Gravensteen (Sint-Veerleplein 11, Gent). De toegang is gratis en vooraf inschrijven is niet nodig. Meer informatie op www.gvsalm.bee.

Virtueel graven naar archeologische vondsten uit de provincie Antwerpen

In het Provinciaal Archeologisch Depot bewaart en beheert de provincie Antwerpen archeologische vondsten uit 47 gemeenten en steden. Die vondsten kan je nu ook online vinden. Benieuwd naar sporen uit het verleden van je woonplaats en streek? Surf dan met je virtuele spade naar de nieuwe Flickr-pagina van het Provinciaal Archeologisch Depot. Je vindt er al foto’s van objecten van 21 sites, en de pagina wordt geregeld aangevuld met nieuwe vindplaatsen en objecten.

Op de webpagina van het Provinciaal Archeologisch Depot vind je meer informatie over de werking en een interactieve kaart met een up-to-date overzicht van de meer dan 200 archeologische ensembles die zich in het depot bevinden. “Het depot van de provincie Antwerpen is geen vergeetput,” benadrukt Luk Lemmens, gedeputeerde voor Erfgoed. “De archeologische ensembles worden niet alleen bewaard en beheerd, maar ook ontsloten voor onderzoek en publiekswerking.”

The Archaeology News Network

DNA tool allows you to trace your ancient ancestry

Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. Dr Elhaik with a skeleton of an ancient Israelite at Tel Megiddo (left). An illustration of how aAIMs can identify ancient origins (right) [Credit: University of Sheffield]Currently...

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Alexandra Trachsel (Travelling with Demetrios of Skepsis)

A Conference on Gardens!

While reading, with a bite of delay, as the first volume was published in 2007, the monumental collaborative work Lieux de savoir (ed. Christian Jacob), I stumbled over the announcement concerning this conference:

Gardens: History, Reception, and Scientific Analyses.
23-24 February 2019, Nagoya University, Japan.

As gardens also belong to some of the places discussed in some of the contributions of the French volume, I was very interested to see that the garden was here an object of study on its own and that it was approached from such a wide range of different angles. Have a look at the programme here!

C. Jacob (ed.), Lieux de savoir: Espaces et Communautés, t. 1, Paris, Albin Michel, 2007 (
C. Jacob (ed.), Lieux de savoir : Les Mains de l’intellect, t. 2, Paris, Albin Michel, 2011 (

I am looking forward to seeing volume 3 and volume 4!

The Archaeology News Network

Algeria's ancient pyramid tombs still shrouded in mystery

Dating back centuries, Algeria's pyramid tombs are unique relics of an ancient era but a dearth of research has left the Jeddars shrouded in mystery. Archaeology students and their teachers are trying to shed more light on the history of Algeria's ancient pyramid tombs, known as the Jeddars [Credit: Ryad Kramdi/AFP]The 13 monuments, whose square stone bases are topped with angular mounds, are perched on a pair of hills near the city...

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Current Epigraphy

Workshop on Digital and Practical Epigraphy (London, April 29–May 4)

We invite applications for a six-day training workshop in digital and practical epigraphy at the Institute of Classical Studies, University of London, 29 April – 4 May 2019.

The workshop will be organised by Gabriel Bodard (ICS) and Katherine McDonald (Exeter), with additional training provided by Charlotte Tupman (Exeter), Charles Crowther (Oxford), Valeria Vitale (ICS) and Caroline Barron (Birkbeck). There will be no charge for the workshop. There will be a limited number of bursaries available to assist students and other unfunded scholars with the costs of travel and accommodation, provided by the AHRC Early Career Leadership Fellowship ‘Connectivity and Competition’ (PI Katherine McDonald).

The focus of the workshop will be on skills for Greek and Latin epigraphy, including squeeze-making, photogrammetry, reflectance transformation imaging (RTI), and EpiDoc. EpiDoc ( is a community of practice, recommendations and tools for the digital editing and publication of ancient texts based on TEI XML. No expert computing skills are required, but a working knowledge of Greek/Latin or other ancient language, epigraphy, and the Leiden Conventions will be assumed. The workshop is open to participants of all levels, from graduate students to professors and professionals. Although the focus is on Greek and Latin epigraphy, we welcome applications from those in other adjacent fields.

To apply for a place on this workshop please email by Friday 15 February 2019, including the following information:

  • a brief description of your reason for interest
  • your relevant background and experience
  • if you would like to request a bursary, an estimate how much you would need.

If you have any questions before applying, please don’t hesitate to contact Katherine ( or Gabby (

The post Workshop on Digital and Practical Epigraphy (London, April 29–May 4) appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient. Eine Religionsgeschichte in Bildern - Die Eisenzeit bis zum Beginn der achämenidischen Herrschaft

Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient. Eine Religionsgeschichte in Bildern - Die Eisenzeit bis zum Beginn der achämenidischen Herrschaft


Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient (IPIAO) ist ein bildgeschichtliches Kompendium zur Religionsgeschichte Palästinas/Israels. Der vorliegende vierte und damit letzte Band der Reihe behandelt die Eisenzeit bis zum Beginn der Achämenidenherrschaft. Annähernd tausend Objekte der Bildkunst Palästinas/Israels werden den vollständigen Bildern der Nachbarkulturen gegenübergestellt und zur Rekonstruktion des zugrundeliegenden religiösen Symbolsystems beigezogen. Nie zuvor wurde die Bildkunst Palästinas/Israels seit ihren Anfängen und in Bezug auf den Alten Orient in ähnlicher Weise präsentiert. Einleitungen zur Kulturgeschichte, zu Themen der Bildkunst und biblischen Bezügen ergänzen den Band.

Über den Autor

Silvia Schroer, geboren 1958, ist seit 1997 Professorin für Altes Testament mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der biblischen Umwelt an der Universität Bern. Sie ist Verfasserin zahlreicher Publikationen zu Religionsgeschichte und Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und seiner Nachbarkulturen sowie zu feministischer Exegese und Hermeneutik.

Bibliographic details

Silvia Schroer
Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient. Eine Religionsgeschichte in Bildern - Die Eisenzeit bis zum Beginn der achämenidischen Herrschaft
2018, Schwabe Verlag
968 Seiten, deutsch

The Digital Orientalist

The Digital Orientalist
This website is run by a dedicated team of scholars, librarians, and students. We share our experience using digital tools in the Humanities, especially as it relates to our day-to-day workflow.
Our name, The Digital Orientalist, may raise an eyebrow. We are all fully aware of the contentious meaning of ‘Orientalism’ and its relation to colonialism. We are of the opinion that enough years have gone by to pick this name up again, to convey in one word the relation between our fields of studies. In this sense we mirror similar initiatives like The Digital Classicist, The Digital Medievalist, The Digital Humanist, etc. As diverse as our fields of studies are, when it comes to digital solutions, there are many shared aspects. We therefore think we stand to benefit from talking to each other, to learn of best practices in other fields.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Punk, Slow, and the Archaeology of Care

This weekend, I received the reviewer reports for an article that I toiled on for over 6 months. They were generous and thought provoking reports, which is basically what you want from your peer reviewers and pushed me to make some of the operating assumptions behind my call for both a slow archaeology and an archaeology of care more obvious. 

In the spirit of getting my thoughts together, I thought I’d share some of the critiques and my responses to them. As with any article, the challenge is to incorporate critiques without unbalancing the article or adding another 1000 words to an article that is already at the maximum length. At the same time, I feel like my reviewers offered honest critiques that will make my article stronger in the long run and any efforts to incorporate them will make the piece better.

So here’s what I need to work out:

1. Punk, Slow, and Archaeology of Care. One thing that the reviewers found a bit unclear is the relationship between punk archaeology, slow archaeology, and the archaeology of care. This is, in fact, something that I’ve struggled a bit with over the past few years and while I wanted to understand the development of my own thinking, I was also concerned that being too explicit about this was unnecessarily solipsistic. In the end, I need to include at least a paragraph explaining how the concepts relate. Here’s what I’d like to say (if words and length were no object):

In many ways, punk archaeology was a naive predecessor to slow archaeology. My reading of punk archaeology celebrated the performativity of archaeological practice and the do-it-yourself approaches to both in-field and interpretative problems. Adapting off-the-shelf software to archaeological purposes created subversive and critical opportunities for the discipline and pushed back against a view that structure of the tool, of process, or of method should dictate the kind of knowledge that we produce. Moreover, my interest in punk and archaeology shaped by critique of technology. The proto-cyberpunk and cyberpunk dystopias of Philip K. Dick, J.G. Ballard, William Gibson, and John Shirley informed a skeptical and and anxious reading of technology which, in turn, motivated a call for slow archaeology. Slow archaeology sought to articulate the subversive impulse in archaeological practice by aligning it with various anti-modern “slow” movements that have appeared in 21st-century popular culture (e.g. slow food). While the slow movement has endured criticism of its privileged character of the popular slow movement, these criticisms have tended to focus on the consumerist luxury of slow products, slow time, and the social, economic, and political cost of inefficiency. In response to this, I have suggested that slow practices in archaeology are not a privileged indulgence of the white, tenured, grant funded, and secure male faculty member, but part of a larger conversation in archaeology that emphasizes a more human, humane, reflexive , and inclusive discipline. My colleagues and I have described our interest in this conversation as “the archaeology of care” which seeks not only to understand how our archaeological methods, particular the use of technology in the field, shape the structure of the discipline and produce the potential for both social conditions in practice and knowledge of the past that dehumanize individuals.  

2. Transhumanism and Posthumanism. One of the things that I totally botched in my paper was understanding the complexities of trans- and post-humanism. The latter represents a rather expansive and dynamic field from Donna Harraway’s cyborgs to the bioethics of Joanna Zylinska and the assemblage theory of Manuel DeLanda. My paper doesn’t engage much with post-humanism largely because my interest and the object of my critique involved field methods, technology and social organization in the discipline. It would be superficial to argue that post-humanism doesn’t address the relationship between technology, society, and knowledge production. It does, but transhumanism more frequently foregrounds the practical relationship between digital technology and social “progress.” This has parallels with arguments within the archaeological discourse (that I cite in the article) that celebrate the potential of digital tools and practices to increase efficiency, resolution, and the dissemination of archaeological knowledge. 

I do, of course, recognize that certain strands of technological solutionism from transhumanism are relevant for an understanding of posthumanism and, perhaps more importantly, vice versa. I try to recognize this through my reference to several scholars who have been associated with posthumanist thinking (Bruno Latour, Anna Tsing, and Gilles Deleuze), but their work isn’t really the object of my critique. More than that, it would be irresponsible to attempt to critique their work (which obviously informed what I argue in my article) in 6000 words. I would do well to acknowledge this.

3. Slow and Privilege. I’m not gonna lie. This critique stung me the most. On the one hand, I can’t help but feeling that some of it represents my own failure in making the case that knowledge produced through  a“slow” approach to archaeology needn’t take longer or be incommensurate with traditional archaeological practices. And, I certainly never meant to suggest that slow practices in archaeology produced “better” or “truer” knowledge. I’d like to think that slow practices and embodied knowledge and reflective reactions to our place in the landscape, the discipline, and our work produce meaningful knowledge (and I try to show that in my little book: The Bakken: An Archaeology of an Industrial Landscape.) 

The one thing that bothers me the most is that by seeing “slow archaeology” as privileged, we are effectively normalizing the industrial methods that define mainstream “disciplinary” archaeology. On the one hand, I appreciate the argument that industrial archaeology is democratizing and part of a process of professionalizing of archaeology, by rendering the knowledge produced by archaeologists “scientific,” “impersonal” and “objective.” To my mind the impersonal nature of certain kinds of archaeological knowledge is at least partly to blame for those who obscure the work of all but a few individuals on a project (and creating a divide between data “collectors” and interpreters). In other words, the way I conceived of slow archaeology was as the basis for a less professional, but more inclusive archaeological practice. In fact, taking the time to allow for individuals to reflect on the experience of archaeological work, to inscribe their experiences in more idiosyncratic and less standardized ways, and to resist the accelerating urgency of more efficiency, more technology, and more data to my mind is a more humane and more human approach to understanding the past.   



The Archaeology News Network

Step forward in understanding human feet

Scientists have made a step forward in understanding the evolution of human feet. Unlike species such as chimpanzees, which have opposable digits on their feet, humans have evolved arched feet to enhance upright walking. Credit: Min An PexelsThese arches were thought to be supported by plantar intrinsic muscles (PIMs) - but a study by the University of Queensland and the University of Exeter shows PIMs have a "minimal impact" on...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Münchner Vorlesungen zu Antiken Welten

[First posted in AWOL 1 September 2016, updated 14 January 2019]

Münchner Vorlesungen zu Antiken Welten
ISSN: 2198-9672
The “Münchner Zentrum für Antike Welten” is a joint research center established at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich with a permanent visiting professorship. Each year an internationally renowned scholar in the field of Ancient Studies is nvited to hold a lecture series on significant interdisciplinary topics. The series presents these lectures to an audience interested in the history and culture of the ancient world.

Open Access Journal: Archaeology International

 [First posted in AWOL 5 January 2013, updated 14 January 2019]

ISSN: 2048-4194
Archaeology International, produced annually, combines news about UCL Institute of Archaeology activities with reports on research, both on new and on-going projects, carried out by members of staff. Papers reflect the broad geographical, theoretical and methodological scope of research at the Institute, including those of its three main Sections (World Archaeology, Archaeological Sciences and Heritage Studies), and its extensive global fieldwork presence. The journal has been relaunched with a double issue in 2011 to mark the Institute of Archaeology’s coming 75th anniversary year, and is now also online and fully open access.

Issue Archive

José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

Oiga, que yo he pedido una eslovena…

Pequeña es la que se ha armado con la declaración de Quim Torra en la que manifiesta su preferencia por la vía eslovena a la independencia para lo que se merece. Pequeña porque nadie elige el modelo de guerra en un catálogo de venta por correspondencia o en un menú:

—Oiga, camarero, yo le he pedido una guerra de independencia eslovena, de diez días y con sesenta muertos. ¡Sesenta! Y esta guerra es croata, con veinte mil muertos y de cuatro años. ¡Pero bueno…! ¿Esto qué es?

La incoherencia, salta a la vista nada más empezar a leer el artículo sobre la Guerra de los Diez Días en Wikipedia. Esta guerra duró solo diez días por una carambola feliz que se da una vez entre un millón: Serbia firmó la paz con Eslovenia para concentrarse en la guerra simultánea contra la independencia de Croacia. ¿Resultado de esta última? La independencia de Croacia, sí, pero conseguida al precio de unos 15.000 muertos croatas, 6.000 serbios, 700.000 desplazados y una cantidad difícil de calcular de odio y trauma que se prolongará por espacio de una o dos generaciones. Una guerra civil de verdad, para entendernos.

Como Quim Torra sabe perfectamente, hay que estar muy loco para confiar en que a Cataluña la secundará en la insurrección cualquier otra comunidad autónoma, muy loco para soñar que Madrid firmará en diez días la paz con Barcelona para conservar Castellón y Palma, por poner un ejemplo. Como lo sabe, Quim Torra en realidad no ha proclamado a los cuatro vientos que es partidario de la vía eslovena a la independencia. Ha dicho que para él la independencia de Cataluña vale el precio de una guerra civil aquí y ya. Una guerra civil —pides una eslovena y te ponen una croata, que hi farem?— de 20.000 muertos y cuatro años, por ejemplo. En aplicación del imperativo categórico kantiano, doy por hecho que contempla entre las pérdidas asumibles la vida de su hijo, ya que le parece asumible la muerte de los hijos de otros.

Y en medio de tanta miseria moral los medios manipulando como quien no juega con fuego. Titula que «La oposición carga contra Quim Torra por reivindicar la vía eslovena sin tener en cuenta que hubo muertos». ¿De dónde saca el diario que no lo tuvo en cuenta? Es inverosímil que un nacionalista no conozca los datos más notorios de la independencia con la que sueña, ni la causa de su estrafalaria levedad. Así que, ¿cómo un medio que se presume serio lleva una presunción exculpatoria tan burda a un titular? Y por el otro lado, y al mismo tiempo, titula El Mundo que «Cristina Pardo se disculpa por el “repugnante” reportaje de La Sexta sobre los votantes de Vox de Marinaleda». Se disculpa la periodista por identificar en un reportaje a los votantes que odian sus oyentes, como quien dibuja una diana en sus cabezas, sí, pero el adjetivo «repugnante» entrecomillado no pertenece a la disculpa, como afirma más que sugiere el titular, sino a la acusación que dirigieron los representantes de Vox a la periodista. Pero todo es bueno para el convento.

No doy estopa a un medio de la izquierda y a otro de la derecha al mismo tiempo porque sea un equidistante profesional. Muchas veces la verdad está en un extremo, sin paliativos. Sino porque las guerras civiles se evitan cuando los que habitan el centro mantienen la cordura y se unen contra las pulsiones asesinas —y lo que es lo mismo, suicidas— de quienes habitan los extremos. Cuando cada uno disculpa a sus manipuladores solo porque son suyos («Es un hijo de puta, pero es nuestro hijo de puta») el camino al desastre está servido. «Guerra civil» son palabras mayores que se evitan hablando de la Cataluña de hoy, porque dan pánico. Yo las digo en alto para que nos den mucho miedo y actuemos en consecuencia. Quim Torra, un incendiario, un loco peligroso.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Grecs et barbares du nord de la mer Noire à l’ère scythique

Marchenko, K. K., éd. (2018) :  Греки и варвары Северного Причерноморья в скифскую эпоху / Greki i varvary Severnogo Prichernomor’ja v skifskuju épokhu, Saint-Pétersbourg [Grecs et barbares du nord de la mer Noire à l’ère scythique]. Il semble que ce … Lire la suite

The Archaeology News Network

Differences in genes' geographic origin influence mitochondrial function

Differences in the geographic origin of genes may affect the function of human mitochondria--energy-generating organelles inside of cells--according to a new study. Mitochondria have their own genome, separate from the nuclear genome contained in the nucleus of the cell, and both genomes harbor genes integral to energy production by mitochondria. The study explores whether these "mito-nuclear" interactions, which are fine-tuned by...

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Archaeological News on Tumblr

Algeria's ancient pyramid tombs still shrouded in mystery

Dating back centuries, Algeria’s pyramid tombs are unique relics of an ancient era but a...

The Archaeology News Network

Netherlands fossil deposit much richer than expected

It has long been known that a quarry near the Dutch town of Winterswijk is an Eldorado for fossil lovers. But even connoisseurs will be surprised just how outstanding the site actually is. A student at the University of Bonn, himself a Dutchman and passionate fossil collector, has now analyzed pieces from museums and private collections for his master's thesis. He found an amazing amount of almost completely preserved skeletons, all...

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Analyzing genomic data, researchers unlock history of the North African date palm

Genome analysis reveals that North African date palms are a hybrid between cultivated date palms from the Middle East and a different, wild species of palm that grows on the island of Crete and in small areas of Southern Turkey. These findings, the result of research at NYU Abu Dhabi's Center for Genomics and Systems Biology (NYUAD CGSB), shed new light on the evolutionary history of one of the earliest domesticated tree crops in the...

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Jim Davila (

More on the Ark and Kiryat Yearim

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More ancient Aramaic found in Saudi Arabia

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Review of van Bladel, From Sasanian Mandaeans to Ṣābians of the Marshes

I recently had a review I wrote of Kevin van Bladel’s book, From Sasanian Mandaeans to Ṣābians of the Marshes, published by the Enoch Seminar. Here’s an excerpt to whet your appetite: Unfortunately, as van Bladel seeks to situate Mandaean origins in a Sasanian context, he is prone both to overstate his case, and to […]

Jim Davila (

"The Polymorphous Pesah"

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Exodus trickery

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The Archaeology News Network

Antarctica losing six times more ice mass annually now than 40 years ago

Antarctica experienced a sixfold increase in yearly ice mass loss between 1979 and 2017, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Glaciologists from the University of California, Irvine, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Netherlands' Utrecht University additionally found that the accelerated melting caused global sea levels to rise more than half an inch during that time. Researchers...

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Antarctic ice sheet could suffer a one-two climate punch

Scientists have long speculated that our planet's climate system is intimately linked to the Earth's celestial motions. Roughly 15 million years ago, when Earth’s atmosphere was supercharged with carbon dioxide, oceans warmed and sea ice around Antarctica disappeared, causing a significant part of the Antarctic ice cap to melt and dramatically elevate global  sea levels (left). New research warns that a warming world caused by...

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L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

Architectures de l’âge du fer en Europe occidentale et centrale. Actes du colloque AFEAF 2016 à Rennes

Les Actes du colloque de Rennes sont parus. Cet ouvrage de référence est issu d’une masse considérable de données nouvelles et inédites provenant des fouilles préventives menées depuis une trentaine d’années en France et en Europe. Il se décline en cinq thèmes principaux : les architectures funéraires ou cultuelles, l’organisation...

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.01.19: Presi per incantamento: teoria della persuasione socratica. Philosophica, 19

Review of Gabriele Flamigni, Presi per incantamento: teoria della persuasione socratica. Philosophica, 19. Pisa: 2017. Pp. xxi, 117. €14,00 (pb). ISBN 9788846750532.

2019.01.18: The Prologues on Easter of Theophilus of Alexandria and [Cyril]. Oxford Early Christian texts

Review of Alden A. Mosshammer, The Prologues on Easter of Theophilus of Alexandria and [Cyril]. Oxford Early Christian texts. Oxford; New York: 2017. Pp. x, 194. $125.00. ISBN 9780198792574.

2019.01.17: Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Lettere. Studi pichiani, 19

Review of Francesco Borghesi, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Lettere. Studi pichiani, 19. Firenze: 2018. Pp. xii, 190. €26,00. ISBN 9788822265746.

2019.01.16: La supplication sur les vases grecs. Mythes et images. Biblioteca di “Eidola” 2

Review of Marta Pedrina, La supplication sur les vases grecs. Mythes et images. Biblioteca di “Eidola” 2. Pisa; Roma: 2017. Pp. 390. €115,00 (pb). ISBN 9788862271868.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Ambienti digitali per l’educazione all’arte e al patrimonio



Il 15 gennaio 2019, ore 15.00 nell'Aula magna della Facoltà di Architettura si tiene Il Seminario Talk ‘Ambienti digitali per l’educazione all’arte e al patrimonio', organizzato dal Master McBE.C_Comunicazione dei Beni Culturali che, attivato dal Dipartimento di Storia, Disegno e Restauro dell’Architettura e dalla Facoltà di Architettura della Sapienza Università di Roma, da quest’anno è inserito nel Centro di eccellenza del Distretto tecnologico per i beni e le attività culturali del Lazio (DTC Lazio), centro di aggregazione e integrazione sinergica delle competenze multidisciplinari delle cinque università statali del Lazio e tre enti di ricerca, CNR, ENEA e INFN finanziato dalla Regione Lazio. 

Compitum - publications

M. Reddé (dir.), Gallia rustica I. Les campagnes du nord-est de la Gaule


Michel Reddé (dir.), Gallia rustica I. Les campagnes du nord-est de la Gaule, de la fin de l'âge du Fer à l'Antiquité tardive, Bordeaux, 2018.

Éditeur : Ausonius Éditions
Collection : Mémoires
868 pages
ISBN : 9782356132062
60 €

Cet ouvrage collectif est consacré aux campagnes du nord-est de la Gaule, de la Tène finale à l'Antiquité tardive, entre le bassin de la Seine et le limes de Germanie. Il constitue le premier tome de la publication finale d'un projet (acronyme “Rurland”) financé par l'European Research Council (ERC). L'objectif était d'intégrer des informations rarement étudiées ensemble et le plus souvent inédites : fouilles archéologiques, notamment celles qui sont issues de l'archéologie préventive la plus récente, restes botaniques, matériel osseux, nature et qualité des sols, photographies aériennes, données LIDAR, de manière à promouvoir une approche interdisciplinaire et multiscalaire de l'ensemble géographique considéré, depuis les sites proprement dits jusqu'aux territoires. Il s'agit, in fine, de comprendre les dynamiques spatiales et historiques du monde rural de cette époque ancienne ainsi que leur diversité régionale. Dans cette perspective ont été privilégiées des fenêtres d'études à des échelles différentes, en fonction de la qualité, l'abondance et la nature de l'information qu'elles fournissent.
Deux volumes seront publiés successivement : celui-ci est consacré aux études régionales effectuées dans le cadre du programme Rurland ; la synthèse générale suivra dans un second temps.


Source : Ausonius Editions

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

"The tone of the criticism of this paper has been highly unprofessional"

Sam Hardy's paper ('Quantitative Analysis of Open Source Data on Metal Detecting for Cultural Property', Cogent Social Sciences 3, 2017)) whether or not one agrees with everything he writes, raises some important issues connected with current policies on Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record. Instead of a discussion of those issues, its publication was accompanied by the rapid appearance of the criticisms of the Ixelles Six/Helsinki Gang (Deckers et al 2018), a separate paper by Raimund Karl (2018) and the reaction of treasure-hunter John Howland (2018). Yet it has been so far more or less ignored by 'mainstream scholarship' in the UK (and Europe generally). It is gratifying therefore to see a comment by Neil Brodie who wrote:
I personally think the tone of the criticism of this paper has been highly unprofessional. Makes me think it must be on to something.
As indeed it is. Though I rather think that an argument could also be made for the suggestion that in the case of Bangor and Bournemouth the overproduction of bile might be due to a medical condition, but in the case of some of the Ixelles/Helsinki Gang there is too much grant money reliant on supporting the 'PAS-Proposition' to allow it to be challenged. 

Deckers, PS, Dobat, A, Ferguson, N, Heeren, S, Lewis, M and Thomas, S 2018, 'The Complexities of Metal Detecting Policy and Practice.: A Response to Samuel Hardy, ‘Quantitative Analysis of Open-Source Data on Metal Detecting for Cultural Property’ (Cogent Social Sciences 3, 2017)' Open Archaeology, bind 2018, nr. 4.).
Raimund Karl, 'Estimating' numbers?A response to a paper by Samuel A. Hardy', Archäologische Denkmalpflege Mittwoch, 14. März 2018.
John Howland,  There are two ways of lying. One, by not telling the truth and the other, making up statistics, detecting and collecting blog 1st July 2018
Vignette: No use shutting your eyes, the issues will not go away.

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Οι περιπέτειες της στέγασης του Εθνικού Αρχείου Μνημείων

January 14, 2019 19.00 - LECTURE Δρ. Ευγενία Γερούση, Διευθύντρια, Διεύθυνση Διαχείρισης Εθνικού Αρχείου Μνημείων, ΥΠΠΟΑ


January 14, 2019 19.00 - BOOK LAUNCH Αθανάσιος Θέμος, Προϊστάμενος του Επιγραφικού Μουσείου -Αντώνης Τάντουλος, Ιατρός - Ερευνητής -Παρασκευάς Ματάλας, Ιστορικός -Γεώργιος Ζάβρας, ιατρός.

January 13, 2019

Calenda: Histoire romaine

Archéologie de la viniculture : méthodes et structures de pressurage depuis l’Antiquité

Les fouilles du site du jardin du presbytère à Châtenois en Alsace en révèlent, depuis 2008, de nombreux aspects à travers les découvertes mobilières et immobilières datées de la fin du Moyen Âge : sous-sol dédiés au stockage de tonneaux, bâtiment de production, matériel d’entretien et de récolte, et même une cave dîmière qui ferme le site sur son côté sud. Dans cet ensemble de structures, les vestiges d’un pressoir à balancier, découvert dans un bâtiment localisé à l’est du site fouillé, renseignent de manière très précise le processus mis en œuvre pour la production des jus. Le colloque invite les participants à échanger autour de l'archéologie récente des méthodes de pressurage, depuis la Protohistoire jusqu'à l'époque moderne, et dans un espace géographique élargi à l'Europe du Nord-Ouest.

Les Grecs face à l'« imperium Romanum »

Ce colloque adressé aux jeunes chercheurs propose d'étudier la manière dont les communautés grecques réagirent à la progression de l'imperium Romanum en Grèce entre le IIe s. av. n.è. et le Ier s. de n.è, depuis la seconde guerre de Macédoine jusqu'à l'année des Quatre Empereurs. Nous voulons retracer les étapes et les éléments de cette histoire où l’ingérence administrative et militaire de Rome dans les affaires des communautés grecques, parfois brutale, céda progressivement la place, selon des rythmes variés et non sans moments de crise, à la participation plus ou moins active et délibérée de ces communautés au fonctionnement de l’Empire. Comment s'adaptèrent ces communautés grecques s'adaptèrent-elles et s'accomodèrent-elles localement à un nouvel ordre global ?

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Astonishingly Bonkers from Glasgow

Public engagement with archaeology in northern Israel
Glasgow archaeologist Alison Douglas:
"[Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record] as a means of public engagement has had an incredibly positive effect".
Wow. There are however many that would say the overall effects of both the artefact hunting and the object-centric public outreach to the artefact hunters are fundamentally negative.

Public engagement, Ms Douglas
In response to me saying that, Dr Douglas calls upon authority "Really? I bet @DrTashaFerguson would beg to differ." Very probably, but Dr Ferguson (one of the Ixelles Six) is not very good at arguing her stated position. Well over two years ago when I (once) challenged one of her glib statements on the issue of the 'benefits' of artefact hunting she immediately blocked me on social media and blocked my emails. So she seems rather sensitive about avoiding proper debate, at least with me - perhaps is is in some way 'beneath her'. Certainly, none of the Ixelles Six/Helsinki Gang has expanded on the issues raised about their attempted demolition job of Hardy's research on precisely those negative effects of policies of appeasement on artefact hunting as "public engagement".

Dr Douglas says that in suggesting that a fluffy survey needs a closer definition of what they mean by 'participation in archaeology' when they introduce the idea of 'metal detecting' as one of its forms (which is what this came from), that this is 'irrelevant': "By irrelevant, I mean, you are clearly of the theoretical positioning that metal detecting = BAD. Not all of us look at metal detecting this way". That they do not in no way makes me wrong. This is interesting coming from Glasgow where just a few blocks away from the School of Humanities we have the Trafficking Culture research consortium that takes a more nuanced view of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record . When I ask her whether she'd see all forms of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record as 'participation in archaeology' (giving the examples of the Ortiz collection and Ali and Hicham Aboutaam) she says 'parallels' are 'extreme in the least', but that they are participation and that 'metal detecting' has an 'incredibly positive effect' . My response was
They are not "parallels" they are part of the same phenomenon. You cannot hedge off one little insular part of a wider phenomenon and say these (our) guys are OK [having a positive effect], the rest are damaging the record. Can you?
Her response was pretty odd:
Well yes I can. Legislation is not perfect I agree, but exists nevertheless. This legislation is there to protect liberal freedoms whilst protecting the archaeological record. Who do you think owns the archaeological heritage of this country? A private collector perhaps?
But thousands, probably now tens of thousands are pocketing (without any record or mitigation of information loss), random bits of the British archaeological heritage as if it did, to them personally, six million bits of it if some estimates are not mistaken. I do not see how anyone reflecting upon the situation could represent that as in any way 'an incredibly positive effect'. I really do not.

Her 'yes I can' answer suggests that Ms Douglas sees artefact hunting as an 'us' and 'them' situation. The white guys in Britain are exercising their liberal freedoms to 'participate in archaeology in an incredible positive way', while the grubby foreign subsistence diggers (with metal detectors) have no such higher aims, they merely 'need to feed families etc...

Furthermore  in the UK system (or does she mean Scotland only?) 'legislation is there to protect liberal freedoms whilst protecting the archaeological record'. Quite obviously in neither England/wales or Scotland do the laws that exist actually protect the archaeological record from Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record, nor information loss that accrues if the 'liberal hoiker at liberty' who's pocketing stuff but refuses to participate enough to even communicate that fact to anyone. That goes for Scotland too where what the TTU sees annually is a derisory fraction of what artefact hunters with detectors are in fact probably finding and pocketing (again see Hardy for some pointers - as yet unfalsified by the Izxelles Six or anyone else).

 Dr Douglas, it seems, has a bit of a 'history of picking fights on social media.

ArcheoNet BE

GOGRI-lezing: het archeologisch onderzoek in de basiliek van Tongeren

Op vrijdag 18 januari organiseert het Geschied- en Oudheidkundig Genootschap Riemst (GOGRI) een lezing over het archeologisch onderzoek in de O.L.V.-basiliek van Tongeren. Archeoloog Alain Vanderhoeven reconstrueert tijdens zijn lezing 2000 jaar bouw- en bewoningsgeschiedenis. De lezing vindt plaats om 19u in De Boekerij (Paenhuisstraat 13, Riemst). Meer informatie op

Archaeology Briefs


“It’s really the history of our species that’s at risk in a lot of ways,” says Meghan Howey. She’s an archaeologist at the University of New Hampshire in Durham. Humans have lived near the coast for thousands of years. In that time, they created and left behind many cultural sites that hold pieces of the past. These are famous places such as Rapa Nui (Easter Island) in the central Pacific Ocean and the canal city of Venice in Italy. But they also include many smaller and lesser known sites. They range from Native American villages to early colonial settlements. If rising seas destroy these sites, “we’re going to lose [those people’s] stories too,” Howey says.

A rise of one meter (39 inches) in sea level threatens more than 13,000 U.S. archaeological sites in the Southeast alone, according to one 2017 report. David Anderson is an archaeologist at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. “If you want to learn about what people did in the past, archaeology is the best way to do that,” he says.

Anderson and other researchers recently used online data sets to look at the dangers posed by rising seas to cultural sites in the southeastern United States. A one-meter (39-inch) rise in sea level could destroy more than 13,000 of those places, they found. These include some well-known historical sites found in Jamestown in Virginia, St. Augustine in Florida, and Charleston, S.C. Many Native American sites also are at risk. That study looked at just one region. But elsewhere around the world, countless other sites also face risks from climate’s impact on sea level.

Howey did a similar count in New Hampshire. Up to 14 percent of the state’s heritage sites could be lost to sea level rise, she found. Studies have also found similar risks — in the range of 15 to 20 percent — globally, she notes. “And that’s only what we know about,” she adds.

Climate change is underway. So now is the time to start thinking about sea-level rise, Anderson says. “How are we going to protect the important places in the landscape? We need to know what’s out there and what’s threatened.” Otherwise, it may become too late to save at least some of these sites.

Efforts to limit the worst impacts from climate change, including sea level rise, will require cutting greenhouse-gas emissions, for example. And maybe taking steps to limit flooding in important areas. Another approach might be to move cultural treasures. But projects like that are often costly. It’s unlikely that funds to do that will be available for every site. And some treasures simply can’t be moved.

But high-tech tools might help preserve knowledge of those treasures before physical sites are lost, says Mark McCoy. He’s an archaeologist at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. He recently suggested how this might be done at many sites in Polynesia. That’s an area composed of many Pacific low-lying islands.

Rising seas endanger many of those islands — and their cultural treasures. If researchers used only traditional methods to map those places, “most would be gone before you got to them,” he says. Satellites with cameras and other remote-sensing tools, however, can more quickly and easily find and map many of these sites, he says. Those data can also help researchers assess the risks to particular spots.


Following several international exhibitions, the belongings of the most famous pharaoh, Tutankhamun, are to roam six European countries in 2019, after they are displayed in France in March. The exhibition, named King Tut: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh, will find a new temporary home in Paris, after it has been resting in Los Angeles, California, from March 2018. The France exhibition will kick off from 23 March to 15 September 2019.

Subsequently, it is planned to journey to six other countries, including Japan, the UK, Australia, and South Korea, where they are to be revealed in 10 cities. The temporary exhibition witnessed a huge success in the United Stated. Local media reported that it attracted more than 500 million visitors since it opened in March.

The exhibit will open its doors in the Grande Halle at La Villette, in cooperation with the Grand Exhibition Museum, which will hold its soft opening this year.

King Tut: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh will display: ‘150 fascinating original objects found in 1922 in the tomb of the most famous pharaohs, the majority of which have never left Egypt before,’ according to the Paris official website of the convention and visitors bureau. The ministry of antiquities previously stated that the exhibitions includes 166 relics belonging to King Tutankhamun, yet some of them are redundant.

Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Anany had formerly said the value of insurance coverage for the 166 pieces of King Tutankhamun’s belongings which will be exhibited abroad is estimated at $862m.

King Tutankhamun’s showcased belongings were originally transferred from the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo. The relics include alabaster pots, wooden boxes, and statues of the pharaoh.

The increase in the temporary exhibitions abroad is an effort on the part of the Minister of Antiquities Khaled Anany to revive tourism in Egypt, and create a source of income for the ministry.

Local media reported that the ministry’s income from the past LA exhibition reached $5m, with four dollars going to the ministry for every ticket sold.

Anany explained the reason behind choosing Tutankhamen’s belongings to journey across Europe is that people have a love story with the young king pharaoh.

Before the museum opened its doors to the public in March, all 3,500 tickets of the exhibition were sold out, which led the museum to extend its opening time for three additional hours after the official working period, as regulations forbid hosting over 100 persons inside the museum at a time.

The first exhibition showcasing Egyptian artifacts in a foreign country, as part of the minster’s new policy, kicked off in Toronto, Canada, last year, and displayed the heritage and monuments of the Egyptian Fatimid era, while another demonstrated the artifacts of the cities of Thonis-Heracleion and Canopus, which were accidentally discovered under water after being lost for 1,000 years, whereas a third exhibition will soon be inaugurated for jewelry from ancient Egyptian eras.


Rare Stonehenge-Like Monument in Scotland Has Single 'Recumbent' Stone.

The ancient stone circle near the village of Alford, west of Aberdeen, was unknown to archaeologists until recently – but well-known to local people.

The ancient monumental structure — thought to be between 3,500 and 4,500 years old — consists of 10 stones, each about 3 feet (1 meter) high, standing in a circle about 25 feet (7.7 m) across.

The stone circle is located in a remote patch of farmland near the village of Alford, about 25 miles (40 kilometers) west of Aberdeen.

The monument is an example of a "recumbent" stone circle, a style unique to the northeast of Scotland and the south-west of Ireland. This style has a large "recumbent" stone lying on its side between two upright stones, or "flankers," in the southwest of the circle. A member of the Aberdeenshire Council archaeological team, Neil Ackerman, told Live Science that the stone circle was "discovered" by archaeologists only in November of last year, after the land where it was located was sold.

"It really doesn't get much better than this," Ackerman said. "A lot of the recumbent stone circles that people have known about for a very long time only have two or three stones left — so to have one that is complete is quite unusual."


In the National Museum of Damascus, archaeologist Muntajab Youssef works on an ancient stone bust from Palmyra, one of hundreds of artifacts his team is painstakingly restoring after they were damaged by Islamic State.

Centuries-old statues and sculptures were wrecked by the jihadists when they twice seized control of the old city in central Syria during the country’s war, which will go into its ninth year in March. The 1,800-year-old bust of a bejewelled and richly clothed woman, The Beauty of Palmyra, was damaged during the first offensive on the city by Islamic State fighters in 2015.

After Syrian government forces took back the city with Russian military support in March 2016, the bust, alongside other damaged ancient monuments, was taken to Damascus and archived in boxes. When restoration work on it began last year, Youssef said it was in pieces. “The hands and face were lost completely, also parts of the dress and there are areas that are weaker,” Youssef, who has been working on the bust for two months, said.

Youssef is one of 12 archaeologists working on the arduous restoration job, which first began with the of moving the damaged pieces to Damascus. Mamoun Abdulkarim, the former Head of Syrian Antiquities, said that in some cases broken artifacts were transported in empty ammunition boxes provided by the Syrian army in Palmyra. How many artifacts there are in total is difficult to say, given the state they were found in.

“A big part of the documentation in the Palmyra museum, was damaged with the antiquities and computers,” archaeologist Raed Abbas said. “A statue needs pictures … in order to be rebuilt.”

The Archaeology News Network

Human skull unearthed near north China border confirmed to be 10,000 years old

A human skull found near the borders of China, Mongolia and Russia is confirmed as dating back more than 10,000 years, researchers announced Saturday. A human skull discovered at Jalainur District at Jalainur Museum in Manzhouli, north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region [Credit: Xinhua/Darhan]A carbon-14 dating study on four skull samples discovered at Jalainur District, Manzhouli City in northern China's Inner Mongolia...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Virtual Archaeology Review

[First posted in AWOL 31 December 2010. Updated 13 January 2019]

Virtual Archaeology Review
ISSN: 1989-9947
The Virtual Archaeology Review (VAR) is an international web-based, open-access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal. Its focus is a mix of arts and engineering that research on the new field of virtual archaeology. The journal is broadly interdisciplinary, publishing works by scholars in the fields of conservation, documentation, 3D surveying, computer science, dissemination, gaming and other similar disciplines related to heritage and archaeology.
VAR targets archaeologists, information scientists, engineers, art historians, restorers, architects and professionals linked with the use of new technologies in the field of archaeological heritage. Full original research articles are welcomed. Since March 2016, it is published quarterly mainly in English, although Spanish is also accepted.


    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    The Scale of the Artefact Hunting Recording Crisis in Wales

    Physical geography of Wales
    A few days ago I published on my blog a short text called 'Unreported 'Metal Detecting' Reaches Crisis Proportions in England and Wales'. The erosion of the archaeological record this implies is quite an important topic, but - as is usual - the text itself is not being discussed over on Facebook, here somebody posted a link. But the picture I used in the post on my blog is. That's apparently very important for some. You see, the map of population density in England that  relates to just one part of the text does not (for some reason - probably that Wales is not England) show Wales. For some,  that was somehow reason to dismiss the reasoning it contained. One contributor said 'to engage with people about the situation it is hardly helpful to alienate them'. Wales is being 'alienated', they say, by not picturing it on a map of England. In my opinion, Wales should not feel 'alienated' by me, they have a whole blog to themselves (Na i PAS ar gyfer Cymru: No to a Welsh PAS). Anyway, let us take a look at what evidence we have from Wales and see if there are grounds for saying that it is both England and Wales that we can identify a recording crisis when it comes to Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record (and a lot of damaged sites and the concomitant numbers of those 'floating' artefacts decontextualised by collecting - Daubney 2017).  Or is Wales in some way different from the rest of the British Isles?

    How many Artefact Hunters in Wales?
    The population of Wales is 3.2 million, how many of them are active artefact hunters and collectors? In 2011, I guessed that the answer might be 500. I now think this was a low estimate even for then.  Some clubs have over a hundred active members (Gwent Detecting Club for example 150). Clubs come and go, but there are ten others listed here. The Detecting Wales discussion forum recently had (Hardy 2017) around 3,356 members* these would have included both England-based detectorists crossing the border to search as well as Welsh nationals. Specifically discussing artefact hunting in Wales, Lodwick (2008) is mainly concerned to talk about the successes of PAS in Wales, he does not actually address the issue of how many detectorists the PAS is reaching and not reaching. The first figures that have been advanced and based on what empirical data we have are those of Sam Hardy's careful research. Hardy (2017, 8.2. Secure underestimates) has estimated the number as around  1,797 Welsh detectorists ('a far larger detecting community[...] than has previously been identified'). Though it seems clear that in addition to these, English detectorists are crossing the border and taking home artefacts from the archaeological record of Wales that are not getting into the Welsh PAS system.

    These numbers seem to have been increasing in recent years. We can see this in the case of the number of Treasure items that are being found. Reporting is mandatory, so if we assume artefact hunters with metal detectors are for the most part following the law (which is the position of all who support this hobby) the rise in numbers since 1999/2000 (the beginning of PAS in Wales) - oscillating between 10-15 thousand, and today (2017 - reportedly 40 cases with the comment that the numbers are still increasing) . If the ratio of 'Detectorists finding Treasure in a year: 'Detectorists finding Treasure in a year' remains more or less the same, rising Treasure find numbers can only mean rising numbers of Treasure hunters out there in the fields. In the ten years 2000-2010 the rate more or less doubled and the same (or maybe greater) rate of growth of the hobby looks like it is happening in the current decade.

    How many objects are they finding? 
    The research that lies behind the Heritage Action counter suggested a national average of just over thirty objects per year were being dug out of the archaeological record by the statistical detectorist that should be recorded so that archaeological information is not lost.
    There is no reason why this average should not apply to the fertile farmlands of South Wales (Gwent-Glamorgan) or parts of the northern and eastern regions. This is where the majority (about two thirds) of the country's population lives anyway. So to make things fair, let us apply that value to half the detectorists in Wales of Hardy's figures (899 detectorists = 27180 objects) and let us reduce to  a paltry in comparison figure of 15 (for the sake of argument) the annual  collections of the rest in less abundant areas of the country (900 detectorists = 13478 objects). According to these figures, the total should be therefore somewhere around 40,660 objects.

    How many are being reported?
    Much smaller numbers. While in the previous years, the PAS records for Wales were mixed in with those from England in the Annual reports, in 2015 a separate report for Wales was published (I have not yet located online copies of the reports for 2016, 2017 or 2018, but the results will presumably not differ hugely)

    Finds reporting in 2015
    If we look at the Portable Antiquities Scheme and Treasure  Annual Report for Wales 2015, (which also offers no estimate of numbers of 'detectorists' in Wales by which we can measure the extent of outreach), we find that in that year PAS recorded (p. 2) just 1126 objects (with the usual pat-head information "90% reported by metal detectorists"). This is rather odd as of these 31% (p.12) were lithic items (not detectable by metal detectors - see also Lodowick 2008, 108). On p.5 we learn that PAS normally manages to record c.1500 objects a year. In 20165, the breakdown (p. 10) is lithics 457 objects, Coins and tokens, 709 (48%!) and just 313 other metal artefacts (21%!). In addition:
    Over one quarter (27.2%) of the finds recorded via PAS Cymru in 2015 were discovered in England. These were found by metal detectorists living in Wales, finding artefacts in England, but choosing to report their finds in Wales.
    The system was overtaxed in 2015:
    While artefacts were recorded across Wales, it is apparent that the figures predominantly reflect areas of best current recording coverage, where the PAS Cymru Co-ordinator and volunteer Steve Sell are able to attend meetings monthly. Finds from Swansea (324), Bridgend (108) and Vale of Glamorgan (222) were therefore particularly well represented. Reasonable numbers of recorded finds from west Wales: 135 from Pembrokeshire, 52 from Carmarthenshire and 46 from Ceredigion. These attest to some coverage and recording function being achieved here. The lack of finds recorded from across north-west and north-east Wales is not a true picture of what is found each year, but a symptom of current limited and stretched staffing and coverage in these areas.
    So basically the evidence we have suggests that some 1800 artefact hunters with metal detectors (and an unknown number of eyes-only lithics collectors) are exploiting the archaeological record of Wales as a 'mine' for historical collectables. The figures we have suggest very strongly that each year over 40000 recordable items disappear from the record into their pockets,  and of these some 1500 annually reach the public record through the PAS. In other words, this means that one in thirty of the disappeared finds get recorded.

    Even if Hardy's figures were a vast over estimate, and ours too, the results are still disturbing. Just as a thought-experiment, halving Hardy's estimate of the number of detectorists in a country with a population of 3.2 million to just 900 artefact hunters and assuming they find on average just one recordable item a month  would give us 10,800 objects found, which would still mean nine in ten items removed from the archaeological record would be being lost through current UK policies on and models of Collection Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record. But I would stress that there is absolutely no evidence to lower the figures even that far.

    *Two years on, it is now  3728

    Daubney, Adam. 2017. Floating culture: The unrecorded antiquities of England and Wales. International Journal of Heritage Studies 23: 785–99.

    Lodwick, M. (2008). ‘Metal-Detecting and Archaeology in Wales’, in S. Thomas & P. G. Stone (Eds.), Metal Detecting and Archaeology: the relationships between archaeologists and metal detector users (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press), 107-18.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Monograph Series: Archäologische Berichte

     [First posted in AWOL 4 October 2017, updated 13 January 2019]

    Archäologische Berichte
    ISSN: 2566-5340 (Print)
    ISSN: 2566-5359 (Online)
    Die Archäologischen Berichte (Arch. Ber.) sind die Monografien der DGUF. Sie erscheinen seit 1987 mit etwa einem Band pro Jahr. Ziel der DGUF bei der Gründung der Reihe war es, unseren Autoren eine Möglichkeit zu bieten, mit hoher Reichweite und wissenschaftsüblicher Qualitätssicherung preiswert und schnell publizieren zu können. Um dieses Ziel noch wirksamer erreichen zu können, erscheinen die Monografien seit Band 25 (2014) hybrid: in einer Druckausgabe und – in Kooperation mit der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg – zusätzlich online im Open Access. Wie unsere Zeitschrift Archäologische Informationen nehmen auch die Monografien seit Band 25 bei Bedarf ergänzende Materialien und Open Data auf.

    In einigen Bänden der Reihe wurden Arbeiten publiziert, die in der DGUF selbst entstanden sind, wie etwa die zweibändige Gedenkschrift für Wolfgang Taute (Arch. Ber. 14, 2001) oder die Literaturempfehlungen des DGUF-Arbeitskreises "Archäologie in Schule und Bildung" (Arch. Ber. 21, 2006). Die überwiegende Mehrheit der Bände entsteht jedoch aus guten Examensarbeiten und Dissertationen, die wir hier – kostengünstig für Autoren wie Leser – zeitnah zum Druck bringen. Die Werke erscheinen mit weltweiter Reichweite, gedruckt und im Open Access, samt Verlag und ISBN-Nummer in einer etablierten Reihe: Ein erheblicher Mehrwert gegenüber einer Publikation in Eigenregie, für Autoren wie für Leser.

    Guido Nockemann

    Die bandkeramische Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107 / Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental
    Band 2. Anhang und Tafeln

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 29
    Die Aldenhovener Platte liegt seit über 40 Jahren im Fokus der Bandkeramik-Forschung. Im Vorfeld der rheinischen Braunkohletagebaue wurden und werden zahlreiche Grabungen und Prospektionen durchgeführt. Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Auswertung der archäologischen Funde und Befunde der bandkeramischen Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107/Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental der Aldenhovener Platte. Ziel der hier vorgelegten Untersuchung ist zum einem die Dokumentation und Vorlage der bandkeramischen Hinterlassenschaften und zum anderen die Herausarbeitung der Besonderheiten und Charakteristika der Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107/Weisweiler 108 sowie die Klärung ihrer kulturhistorischen Position und Funktion in der rheinischen Bandkeramik. Hierzu werden ihre Hinterlassenschaften untersucht und mit anderen Siedlungen verglichen. Des Weiteren wird die Chronologie der Siedlungsgruppe vorgestellt und ihre Rolle in verschiedenen Netzwerken (Keramikverzierungen, Weitergabe von Silexartefakten etc.) analysiert. Damit schließt diese Arbeit eine Lücke, denn nun liegen alle bisher bekannten bandkeramischen Siedlungen im Schlangengrabental vor und werden in dieser Arbeit zusammenfassend betrachtet. Band 2 dokumentiert die Datengrundlagen der Untersuchungen.
    Band 1 stellt die Analysen und ihre Ergebnisse vor.

    Guido Nockemann

    Die bandkeramische Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107 / Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental
    Band 1. Dokumentation und Auswertung

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 28
    Die Aldenhovener Platte liegt seit über 40 Jahren im Fokus der Bandkeramik-Forschung. Im Vorfeld der rheinischen Braunkohletagebaue wurden und werden zahlreiche Grabungen und Prospektionen durchgeführt. Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Auswertung der archäologischen Funde und Befunde der bandkeramischen Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107/Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental der Aldenhovener Platte. Ziel der hier vorgelegten Untersuchung ist zum einem die Dokumentation und Vorlage der bandkeramischen Hinterlassenschaften und zum anderen die Herausarbeitung der Besonderheiten und Charakteristika der Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107/Weisweiler 108 sowie die Klärung ihrer kulturhistorischen Position und Funktion in der rheinischen Bandkeramik. Hierzu werden ihre Hinterlassenschaften untersucht und mit anderen Siedlungen verglichen. Des Weiteren wird die Chronologie der Siedlungsgruppe vorgestellt und ihre Rolle in verschiedenen Netzwerken (Keramikverzierungen, Weitergabe von Silexartefakten etc.) analysiert. Damit schließt diese Arbeit eine Lücke, denn nun liegen alle bisher bekannten bandkeramischen Siedlungen im Schlangengrabental vor und werden in dieser Arbeit zusammenfassend betrachtet. Band 1 stellt die Analysen und ihre Ergebnisse vor.
    Band 2 dokumentiert die Datengrundlagen der Untersuchungen.

    Tünde Kaszab-Olschewski, Ingrid Tamerl (Hrsg.)

    Wald- und Holznutzung in der römischen Antike
    Festgabe für Jutta Meurers-Balke zum 65. Geburtstag

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 27
    Holz war seit prähistorischen Zeiten ein wichtiger, ja unentbehrlicher Rohstoff mit vielfältigen Arten der Verwendung. Dies gilt im Besonderen auch für die Römerzeit, der dieser Band im Schwerpunkt gewidmet ist. Allerdings wird der aktuelle Stand der Forschungen zum Holz seiner wirklichen Bedeutung in der antiken Lebenswelt immer noch nicht gerecht. Dies ist leicht erklärlich – Holz hat sich nur in den wenigsten Fällen im Boden erhalten und wurde in den schriftlichen Quellen wegen seiner Selbstverständlichkeit im täglichen Leben nur nebenbei genannt.
    Jutta Meurers-Balke, der dieser Band gewidmet ist, und ihr Team vom Labor für Archäobotanik der Universität zu Köln haben sich in zahlreichen Arbeiten um die Rekonstruktion der Waldgeschichte zur Römerzeit sowie die Dokumentation und Interpretation von Pflanzen- und Holzfunden aus der römischen Antike verdient gemacht. Zu Ehren von Frau Meurers-Balke fand im Oktober 2014 unter Leitung der beiden Herausgeberinnen eine internationale Tagung zum Thema “Wald- und Holznutzung in der römischen Antike” auf dem Rheinbacher Campus der Landwirtschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Bonn statt. Mit dem vorliegenden Band, in dem die meisten der dort gehaltenen Vorträge sowie die Laudatio von A. J. Kalis anlässlich der Verabschiedung von Jutta Meurers-Balke vorgelegt werden, wird das immense historische Potenzial römischer Holzfunde und botanischer Reste in eindrucksvoller Weise erkennbar.

    Jutta Zerres

    Kapuzenmäntel in Italien und den Nordwestprovinzen des Römischen Reiches
    Gebrauch – Bedeutung – Habitus

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 26
    Kapuzenmäntel waren in römischer Zeit wegen ihrer Wetterfestigkeit geschätzte und weit verbreitete Kleidungsstücke. Die vorliegende Studie beleuchtet mehr als die gängigen Fragen altertumskundlicher Analysen wie Typologie, Chronologie,
    Material und Verbreitung, sondern sie fokussiert auf einen bislang wenig beachteten Aspekt dieses Alltagsgegenstandes: seine Rolle innerhalb der gesellschaftlichen Kommunikation. Das historische und archäologische Quellenmaterial wird im
    Hinblick auf folgende Fragen analysiert: Gibt es Personen, zu deren Habitus (im Sinne des französischen Soziologen P. Bourdieu) Kapuzenmäntel zählen? Welche Personen(-gruppen) lassen sich identifizieren? Verwenden sie dabei spezielle
    Formen von Mänteln? In welchen Situationen tragen sie das Kleidungsstück und welche Botschaften transportieren sie damit? Woher stammen die verwendeten Bedeutungszuweisungen an die Mäntel? Wie gestaltet sich der Umgang der Akteure
    damit? Das Untersuchungsgebiet der Studie sind Italien und die Nordwestprovinzen des römischen Reiches in der Zeit der späten Republik bis in die Spätantike.

    Christian Lau

    Zur Keramikchronologie der Römischen Kaiserzeit in Ostwestfalen anhand der Siedlungen von Enger, Hüllhorst und Kirchlengern im Ravensberger Land

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 25
    Die in den 1930er-Jahren durch Rafael von Uslar erarbeitete und bis heute gültige Typologie und Chronologie der rhein-weser-germanischen Keramik (1.–3. Jh. n. Chr.) erfährt in diesem Buch eine gründliche Revision, wobei die zugrunde liegenden Fundkomplexe mithilfe einer Seriation (Korrespondenzanalyse) geordnet werden. Den Ausgangspunkt der Studie bilden die vollständige Vorlage, differenzierte Aufarbeitung und Typisierung der Keramik von drei kaiserzeitlichen Siedlungen in Ostwestfalen – Enger, Hüllhorst und Kirchlengern – sowie die Re-Analyse verwandter Keramik zahlreicher bereits veröffentlichter Komplexe, die ebenfalls zumeist von Siedlungen stammen. Die auf diesem Weg erstellte Chronologie erlaubt es nun, Siedlungen der Römischen Kaiserzeit genauer zu datieren als bisher. Auf Grundlage der Keramik wird für die drei Siedlungen Enger, Hüllhorst und Kirchlengern die Abfolge der Häuser und Nebengebäude skizziert und datiert sowie eine  Besiedlungsgeschichte der drei Orte rekonstruiert.

    Zugehörige Forschungsdaten finden Sie unter nachstehendem Open Data-Link:


    Heidrun Derks

    Gräber und ‚Geschlechterfragen‘
    Studie zu den Bestattungssitten der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 24
    Männerfriedhof, Frauenfriedhof oder "optische" Täuschung? Männlich oder weiblich? Kulturelles Phänomen oder quellenbedingter Trugschluss? So lauten die Fragen, die die Untersuchung der Gräber und Gräberfelder der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit zwischen Elbe und Oder seit dem 19. Jahrhundert begleiten.
    Die vorliegende Studie fasst den Verlauf der bisherigen Diskussion zusammen und legt mit einer Untersuchung von über 7.000 Einzelbefunden von mehr als 300 Fundorten eine umfassende Betrachtung des seit gut 150 Jahren kontrovers erörterten Themas vor. Sie rückt überdies die möglichen Deutungen und Erklärungsmodelle in den Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung und greift hierfür weit über das Feld archäologischer Forschung hinaus.
    Vergleichende Auswertung völkerkundlicher Studien
    So erfolgt erstmals eine umfassend vergleichende Auswertung völkerkundlicher Studien zur Bedeutung des Geschlechts im Bestattungsritus, die Einblicke in die Gestaltungs- und Bedeutungsvielfalt geschlechtsspezifischer Bestattungssitten und das "Zusammenspiel" von Leben und Tod eröffnet, welches hierin Ausdruck findet.
    Wechselspiel von politischen, wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Faktoren
    In der Rückkopplung auf die ältere Römische Kaiserzeit wird deutlich, dass Vorstellungen des kulturellen "Geschlechts" die Bestattungssitten jener Zeit durchaus erheblich beeinflussten, aber keinesfalls allein bestimmten. Ungeachtet der zuweilen diffusen Quellenlage ist stattdessen ein komplexes Wechselspiel von politischen, wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Faktoren anzunehmen, um die regionale Vielfalt ebenso wie den beobachtbaren zeitlichen Wandel in den Beigabensitten zu interpretieren.
    Zum anderen deutet einiges darauf hin, dass möglicherweise auch das in den Bestattungssitten Ausdruck findende Geschlechterkonzept unter dem Einfluss äußerer Faktoren - Bedrohung, Elitenbildung, wachsender "Wohlstand" - im Verlauf der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit erheblichen Veränderungen unterlag.

    Caroline Hamon, Jan Graefe (Hrsg.)

    New Perspectives on Querns in Neolithic Societies

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 23
    Seit der Zeit der ersten neolithischen Gesellschaften wird das Korn der angebauten Kulturpflanzen mittels Mahlsteinen zu Mehl verarbeitet. Grundlage einer agrarischen Lebensweise stellt die Domestikation und Zucht von Tieren sowie der Anbau und die Verarbeitung von Kulturpflanzen dar. Erst innerhalb der vergangenen fünfzehn Jahre konnten grundlegende Aspekte der Pflanzenverarbeitung geklärt werden. Untersuchungen zu Mahl- und Schleifsteinen tragen zum Verständnis und Wissen neolithischer Wirtschaftsformen und sozialer Organisation bei. Durch neue, mehr oder weniger regionale Studien wurden neue Daten gewonnen, die Aussagen zu Austauschsystemen der Rohmaterialien, der wirtschaftlichen Grundlagen oder auch der sozialen und symbolischen Bedeutung der Mahlsteine ermöglichen.
    Die hier veröffentlichten Artikel resultieren aus einer Sitzung, die im Rahmen des 13. Jahrestreffens der European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) im September 2007 in Zadar (Kroatien) stattgefunden hat.
    Die Aufsätze zeigen, dass durch einen globalen Überblick zu Mahl- und Schleifsteinen wichtige Beiträge für die Interpretation des Status und der Funktion eines Siedlungsplatzes geliefert werden können.

    Jutta Meurers-Balke, Werner Schön (Hrsg.)

    Vergangene Zeiten - LIBER AMICORUM
    Gedenkschrift für Jürgen Hoika

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 22
    Entsprechend der Forschungsinteressen von Jürgen Hoika versammelt der Band vor allem Beiträge zum Mesolithikum und Frühneolithikum und bietet auch wertvolle Materialvorlagen. Besonders erwähnen möchten wir den Aufsatz von Sönke Hartz u. a., in dem die Fundkontexte von vier durchlochten donauländischen Äxten eingehend analysiert werden, deren Rohmaterial aus Böhmen stammt. Diese Äxte kamen auf der Wagrischen Halbinsel zwischen 4900-4100 v. Chr. in Siedlungen der Ertebølle-Kultur in den Boden, wo sie offenbar nach einer Verwendung als Prestigegüter deponiert wurden.
    Marjorie de Grooth präsentiert einen willkommenen Merkmalkatalog zur makroskopischen Unterscheidung verschiedener Feuersteinvarietäten aus dem Raum Maastricht, Tongern, Liège und Aachen; ergänzend sind auf der dem Band beigefügten CD typische Stücke in guten Farbfotos dokumentiert.
    Birgit Gehlen und Werner Schön erschließen mit einer akribischen Fundvorlage die Sammlung Graf Vojkffy (1879-1970), der im Westallgäu zahlreiche vor allem mesolithische Plätze absammelte. Exemplarisch zeigt diese Studie, wie Gewinn bringend die Analyse von Oberflächenfundplätzen und die enge Zusammenarbeit von ehrenamtlich Tätigen und Wissenschaftlern sein können.

    Arbeitskreis Archäologie im Schulbuch der DGUF (Hrsg.)

    Literaturempfehlungen zur Archäologie
    Fachliteratur, Sachbücher, Kinder- und Jugendliteratur

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 21
    Mit dieser Bibliographie möchte der DGUF-Arbeitskreis "Archäologie im Schulbuch"  Schulbuchautoren, Lehrern, Museumspädagogen, Studierenden und interessierten "Laien" eine Zusammenstellung von Fachliteratur sowie Kinder- und Jugendliteratur an die Hand geben.
    Das von Fachwissenschaftlern kommentierte, nach Epochen, Inhalten und teilweise auch nach Bundesländern gegliederte Verzeichnis zu Themen von der Altsteinzeit bis zum Mittelalter bildet ein übersichtliches Nachschlagewerk für alle, die einen leichten Zugang zur Ur- und Frühgeschichte Mitteleuropas suchen.

    Andrea Lorenz

    Der spätbronzezeitliche Hortfund von Stadtallendorf unter besonderer Berücksichtigung seiner Gläser

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 20
    Der Hortfund von Stadtallendorf bei Marburg liegt isoliert am Nordrand der süddeutschen Urnenfelderkultur. Er zählt zu jenen Depots der Spätbronzezeit, die durch eine einzigartige Zusammensetzung auffallen. Diese zeichnet sich primär durch die große Typenvielfalt der deponierten Glasperlen aus.
    Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die Perlen anhand von Mikrosonden-Analysen im Hinblick auf ihre chemische Zusammensetzung. So klären sich Fragen hinsichtlich der benutzten Rohstoffe und deren Mixtur sowie des kulturellen Ursprungs der Gläser. Darüber hinaus beinhaltet die Arbeit eine komplette Neuvorlage des 1943 entdeckten Fundes.

    Barbara Kraus

    Befund Kind
    Überlegungen zu archäologischen und anthropologischen Untersuchungen von Kinderbestattungen

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 19
    Gräber gehören zu den wichtigsten Quellen in der Ur- und Frühgeschichtsforschung. Die Entscheidung, menschliche Überreste zu bergen und mit Blick auf ein bestimmtes archäologisches Erkenntnisinteresse auszuwerten, kann nur auf der Basis einer genauen Kenntnis naturwissenschaftlicher Methoden und ihren Möglichkeiten und Grenzen erfolgen. Gerade die Anwendung invasiver Verfahren erfordert besondere Sorgfalt.
    Eine Modifizierung der Methoden, die bei der Befundung der Überreste von Erwachsenen praktikabel sind, reicht nicht aus, um die reifungsbedingt unterschiedliche Ausprägung befundbarer Merkmale (verstorbener) Kinder angemessen zu berücksichtigen.
    Auch die Nutzbarkeit schriftlicher Quellen mittels Analogieschluss unterliegt bestimmten Kriterien, die den Problemen der Anwendbarkeit anthropologischer Methoden strukturell ähneln können.
    Mit dem vorliegenden Überblick archäologischer und anthropologischer Verfahren zur Befundung physischer Überreste von Kindern und ihrer Bewertung soll ein Beitrag zur Methodologie geleistet werden.

    Thorsten Uthmeier

    Micoquien, Aurignacien und Gravettien in Bayem
    Eine regionale Studie zum Übergang vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 18
    Bayern ist ein Schlüsselgebiet in der Diskussion des Übergangs vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum. Die in den immer eisfreien Korridor zwischen skandinavischem und alpinem Eisschild eingebettete Donauebene verbindet als ein wichtiger eiszeitlicher Wanderungsweg die reichen Fundregionen des späten Mittel- und frühen Jungpaläolithikums in Südwesteuropa einerseits und Mittel- und Osteuropa andererseits. Mit Fundstellen des spätesten Mittelpaläolithikums, des frühesten Aurignaciens und des Gravettiens bietet sich hier die einmalige Gelegenheit, bisherige Erklärungsmodelle für eine der spannendsten Kapitel der Menschheitsgeschichte - der Ausbreitung des modernen Menschen - zu überprüfen.

    Birgit Herren

    Die alt- und mittelneolithische Siedlung von Harting-Nord, Kr. Regensburg/Oberpfalz
    - Befunde und Keramik aus dem Übergangshorizont zwischen Linearbandkeramik und Südostbayerischem Mittelneolithikum (SOB)

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 17
    Im Unterschied zu allen bis dato untersuchten Fundplätzen Niederbayerns ist in Harting-Nord der Übergang von Alt- zu Mittelneolithikum erfasst. Im Altneolithikum stehen die Hausgrundrisse und Gefäße noch ganz in linearbandkeramischer Tradition.
    Die Untersuchungen von Birgit Herren zeigen, dass sich mit zunehmendem Kontakt zu der in Böhmen und im Elbe-Saale-Gebiet entstandenen Stichbandkeramik entsprechende Kulturelemente auch in Harting-Nord niederschlagen: Der sukzessive, kontinuierliche Wandel von Linearbandkeramik zum älteren Südostbayerischen Mittelneolithikum (kurz SOB I) ist sowohl in den Hauskonstruktionen und den Gefäßformen als auch im Verzierungsstil anschaulich nachzuvollziehen. Die Siedlungsstruktur ändert sich hingegen nicht. Die neolithische Siedlung von Harting-Nord endet vor dem Einsetzen des regionalen Verzierungsstils im SOB II.

    Ronald Bakker

    The emergence of agriculture on the Drenthe Plateau
    A palaeobotanical study supported by high-resolution 14C dating

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 16
    Für diese Studie wurden die Sedimente aus einem eiszeitlichen Pingorest in der Provinz Drenthe in den Niederlanden auf ihren Pollengehalt und ihre botanischen Makroreste hin untersucht. Auf der Basis von neun Pollenprofilen rekonstruiert der Autor die Vegetationsgeschichte vom Präboreal bis heute. Besonders berücksichtigt wird die Phase der Neolithisierung und der Beginn der Landwirtschaft. Auf der Grundlage von Pollendiagrammen aus der norddeutschen und niederländischen Altmoränen-Landschaft wird ein Schema erarbeitet, das den Verlauf ausgewählter Pollenkurven während des Neolithikums beschreibt.
    Die sogenannte Neolithische Okkupationsperiode (Neolithic Occupation Period, NOP) wird in drei Phasen gegliedert, die drei verschiedene Formen der bäuerlichen Wirtschaft repräsentieren. Mit Hilfe hoch auflösender C14-Datierungen werden diese drei Phasen mit archäologischen Kulturen verbunden. Die Phase NOP1 wird von 4050 bis 3450 cal BC datiert. Sie ist durch geringe ackerbauliche Aktivitäten und Tierhaltung mit Laub- und Zweigfütterung charakterisiert. Sie fällt in die Zeit der Swifterband Kultur, deren Träger also die ersten Bauern auf dem Drenthe-Plateau gewesen sind. Für die Phase NOP 2, die mit der Trichterbecher Kultur verbunden werden kann, ist eine großräumige Viehhaltung charakteristisch. In der Phase NOP 3 dagegen betrieben die Menschen der Einzelgrab- und der Glockenbecher-Kultur ihre Landwirtschaft auf eher kleinen Arealen.

    Erika Riedmeier-Fischer

    Die Hirschgeweihartefakte von Yverdon, Avenue des Sports

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 15
    In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden die Geweihartefakte aus der endneolithischen Siedlung von Yverdon, Avenue des Sports, am Neuenburger See in der Westschweiz untersucht. Nach einführenden Kapiteln zum Forschungsstand und zu Herstellungstechniken sowie der Wertung der bestehenden Chronologien, werden die Funde vorgestellt und stratigrafisch ausgewertet. Die Hirschgeweihfartefakte aus Yverdon, die überwiegend in den Zeitraum zwischen 2750 und 2550 vor Christus gehören, bieten die Grundlage für die Betrachtung der endneolithischen Funde aus der Westschweiz im Vergleich mit denen der Ostschweiz und des Bodenseeraumes. Dabei wird im Westen der Einfluss der südfranzösischen Saône-Rhône-Kultur deutlich, während im Osten eine starke Assimilation an die Schnurkeramik erkennbar ist, was die Ergebnisse der bereits vorliegenden Keramik-Analysen eindrucksvoll bestätigt.

    Birgit Gehlen, Martin Heinen, Andreas Tillmann (Hrsg.)

    Gedenkschrift für Wolfgang Taute

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 14.2
    Der zweite Band enthält Aufsätze zum eigentlichen Forschungsschwerpunkt von Wolfgang Taute, dem späten Paläolithikum, dem Mesolithikum und dem Altneolithikum in Nord- und Süddeutschland. Unter den zahlreichen hier vorgestellten Projekten, von denen eine ganze Reihe aus den Arbeiten von Wolfgang Taute hervorgegangen sind, nehmen die Ergebnisse der Untersuchungen zur La-Hoguette-Fundstelle von Stuttgart - Bad Cannstatt eine ganz zentrale Rolle ein.

    Birgit Gehlen, Martin Heinen, Andreas Tillmann (Hrsg.)

    Gedenkschrift für Wolfgang Taute

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 14.1
    In Band 1 sind Beiträge zu verschiedenen Bereichen der archäologischen Forschung zusammengestellt. Nach theoretischen Überlegungen zur Suche nach einer Wirtschaftsarchäologie sowie der Darstellung von Verfahren und Ergebnissen der C14-Analyse und der Dendrochronologie werden Probleme und Befunde vom Mittelpaläolithikum bis zur frühen Neuzeit in Deutschland thematisiert. Danach spannt sich der Bogen archäologischer und ethnoarchäologischer Untersuchungen von Nepal über die Levante nach Nord- und Westafrika und schließlich nach Amerika. Viele der hier vorgestellten Arbeiten sind durch Wolfgang Taute angeregt, betreut oder wohlwollend begleitet worden.

    Jasper von Richthofen

    Fibelgebrauch — gebrauchte Fibeln
    Studien an Fibeln der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 13
    An Fibeln aus nord- und ostdeutschen Grabfunden der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit sind häufig Gebrauchsspuren erkennbar. Sie sind nach Materialabtrag, Deformation und Reparatur zu unterscheiden. Eine Autopsie gestattet Einblicke in Kleidungs- und Trachtsitten während der ersten beiden nachchristlichen Jahrhunderte. Ferner erschließen sich grundlegende Erkenntnisse zur Chronologisierung ur- und frühgeschichtlicher Grabfunde.
    Die Lage von Abriebstellen an den Fibeln weist mit Hilfe von bildlichen Darstellungen und Körpergrabbefunden auf Funktion und Tragweise der Fibeln hin. An der Intensität des Materialabtrags ist vor dem Hintergrund anthropologischer Analysen der in den Gräbern gefundenen Knochenreste die Umlaufzeit der Fundstücke erkennbar. Anhand von Zusammenfunden mehrerer Fibeln lassen sich Produktions- und Niederlegungszeiten bestimmter Formen herausstellen. Es ergeben sich daraus erhebliche Konsequenzen für die anerkannte absolute Zeitstellung der älterkaiserzeitlichen Funde.

    P. J. Felder, P. Cor M. Rademakers, Marjorie E.Th. de Grooth (Hrsg.)

    Excavations of Prehistoric Flint Mines at Rijckholt-St. Geertruid (Limburg, The Netherlands) by the 'Prehistoric Flint Mines Working Group' of the Dutch Geological Society, Limburg Section

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 12
    Von 1964 bis 1972 führte die "Arbeitsgruppe Prähistorischer Feuersteinbergbau" der Niederländischen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Sektion Limburg, im neolithischen Feuersteinbergwerk von Rijckholt-St. Geertruid Ausgrabungen durch. Die Ausgrabungen gingen von einem nahezu 150 m langen Tunnel aus, der quer durch das neolithische Abbaugebiet getrieben wurde. Auf beiden Seiten des Tunnels wurden die prähistorischen Stollen auf einer Länge von zehn Metern verfolgt. 75 Schächte und 1.526 Quadratmetern Stollen wurden auf einer Gesamtfläche von 2.436 Quadratmetern untersucht.
    Das eigentliche Abbaugebiet ist allerdings noch sehr viel größer: Der Untertagebau erstreckt sich über ca. 8 Hektar. Feuerstein ist in einem etwa 12 Hektar großen Bereich abgebaut worden, Schlagabfälle finden sich aber in einem ca. 25 Hektar großen Areal. Alle entdeckten Schächte und Stollen wurden von den Ausgräbern detailliert dokumentiert. Die Ausgrabungen erbrachten mehr als 14.000 Artefakte. Außerdem kamen Tierknochen und Schneckengehäuse sowie ein menschlicher Schädel zutage. C14-Messungen an Holzkohlen ergaben Datierungen zwischen 3.970 und 3.700 BC, allerdings werden die Abbauaktivitäten bis etwa 3.400 BC oder sogar 2.650 BC angedauert haben.
    Im vorliegenden Buch werden die angewendeten Ausgrabungsmethoden beschrieben, und es wird der Versuch unternommen, die prähistorischen Abbaumethoden zu rekonstruieren. Die Kalkulation der absoluten Menge des abgebauten Feuersteins (14-16 Mio. Kilogramm von einem 8 Hektar großen Abbaugebiet) und die Anzahl der Schächte (etwa 2.000) lässt vermuten, dass sich im Boden noch mehr als 400.000 Steinartefakte befinden.

    Martin Schmidt (Hrsg.)

    Geschichte heißt: So ist's gewesen! abgesehen von dem wie's war ...
    Geburtstagsgrüße für Günter Smolla

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 11

    Thomas Frank

    Die neolithische Besiedlung zwischen der Köln-Bonner Rheinebene und den Bergischen Hochflächen

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 10
    Die Bedeutung jungsteinzeitlicher Funde in Mittelgebirgen wurde seit den 1950er Jahren kontrovers diskutiert, denn es waren fast nur Oberflächenfunde von Steinartefakten bekannt, besonders Einzelfunde von steinernen Beilklingen. Im Laufe der Jahrzehnte wurden viele weitere Fundstellen entdeckt, die auch siedlungsanzeigende Steingeräte der Jungsteinzeit enthielten. Damit mehren sich die Anzeichen, dass diese Funde nicht allein Verlustfunde, Hinterlassenschaften von Jagdstreifen oder in historischer Zeit verschleppte Bodenfunde (Donnerkeile) sind.
    Seit der im Jahr 1954 erschienenen Landesaufnahme des Bergischen Landes von Marschall, Narr und von Uslar, in der nur wenige jungsteinzeitliche Fundstellen aufgeführt werden konnten, haben "Laienforscher" Hunderte von urgeschichtlichen Fundplätzen entdeckt, deren Quellen aber bisher nicht zusammenfassend ausgewertet wurden. Von den 975 urgeschichtlichen Fundplätzen, die im Katalog dieser Arbeit vorgelegt sind, führen rund 400 auch jungsteinzeitliche Steinartefakte. Dazu kommen fast 100 Einzelfunde von Feuerstein-Beilklingen.
    Der Autor untersucht in dieser Fundlandschaft einen Transekt von der Rheinebene zu den Bergischen Hochflächen, stellt die neolithischen Funde in ihr chronologisches und topographisches Umfeld und in Beziehung zu den mesolithischen Plätzen. Dabei zeigte sich eine mittel- bis endneolithische Besiedlung unterschiedlicher Intensität, deren unvermischte Fundstellen eindeutig an die besten Böden gebunden sind. Dagegen weisen die mesolithisch-neolithisch vermischten Fundplätze eine deutlich andere Topographie auf, deren Bodengüte offensichtlich ohne Bedeutung für die Auswahl der Plätze war. Die in der Forschungsgeschichte so kontrovers diskutierten Einzelfunde von Feuerstein-Beilklingen kennzeichnen das nähere Umfeld dieser Siedlungsstellen. Damit zeichnen sich unterschiedliche, möglicherweise sich gleichzeitig ergänzende jungsteinzeitliche Wirtschaftsformen ab.

    Rolf-Dieter Bauche, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte e.V.

    Die Keramik des 12. Jahrhunderts zwischen Köln und Aachen

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 9
    Die Funde stammen aus zehn hochmittelalterlichen, ländlichen Siedlungen im Rheinischen Braunkohlerevier. Sie wurden nach typologischen und technologischen Gesichtspunkten merkmalsanalytisch bearbeitet und mittels Korrespondenzanalyse geordnet. Das Ergebnis, eine Chronologie der Befunde und Merkmale, konnte anhand bereits publizierter Materialkomplexe verifiziert werden und erlaubt es, Befunde des 12. Jahrhunderts auf ein halbes Jahrhundert genau zu datieren. Die unmittelbare Nähe des Arbeitsgebietes zu den wichtigsten Töpfereizentren des Rheinlandes machte es darüber hinaus möglich, erstmals den Einfluss regionaler Verbreitungsschwerpunkte zu umreißen. Ein umfangreicher Tafel- und Katalogteil gibt eine vollständige Übersicht über das untersuchte Material.

    Eric Biermann (Hrsg.)

    Großgartach und Oberlauterbach
    Interregionale Beziehungen im südwestdeutschen Mittelneolithikum

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 8
    Südwestdeutschland und Südostbayern standen im Mittelneolithikum, in der ersten Hälfte des fünften vorchristlichen Jahrtausends, in einer Beziehung besonderer Art. Die Untersuchung von Eric Biermann spürt dieser Beziehung nach, sie liefert mit ihrem Karten- und Regestenteil darüber hinaus aber auch ein nützliches Nachschlagewerk.
    Bei der Untersuchung der absolutchronologischen Probleme, die sich aus der Arbeit Eric Biermanns ergaben, stieß Bernhard Weninger überraschend auf neuartige methodische Wege. Die mittelneolithischen Daten wurden hier zu Fallbeispielen, sie provozierten Lösungen, die für alle Prähistoriker spannend sein dürften.
    Mit Beiträgen von Jürgen Richter und Bernhard Weninger sowie einer Gesamtkartierung der Großgartacher Gruppe.

    Markus Vosteen

    Unter die Räder gekommen
    Untersuchungen zu Sherratts "Secondary Products Revolution"

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 7
    Die Dissertation von M. Vosteen befasst sich mit Innovationen während des Neolithikums, die als Grundlage zu einer von A. Sherratt 1981 entwickelten These in Anspruch genommen wurden: Die Einführung tierischer Sekundärprodukte (Secondary Products) habe zu tiefgreifenden gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen geführt, die er als „Secondary Products Revolution“ bezeichnete und die sich von außen nach Mitteleuropa verbreitet hätten. Vosteen hält die Bandbreite der Datierung der dafür als Beleg in Anspruch genommenen Funde für zu groß, um von einem gemeinsamen Entwicklungsstrang und begleitenden gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen ausgehen zu können. Damit revidiert Vosteen den Anspruch Sherratts, ausgehend von der Selektion bestimmter prähistorischer Funde auf gesellschaftliche bzw. gar historische Entwicklungen schließen zu dürfen.
    Sherratt rezensiert die Arbeit und provoziert Vosteen erneut zu einer weiteren Verteidigung seiner Thesen. Später wurden Sherratts Überlegungen auch von anderen Autoren aufgegriffen und geprüft, inwieweit sich ein Wandel im Fundspektrum mit seinen Thesen vereinbaren lassen, was auf verschiedene Produkte und Regionen bezogen durchaus möglich ist.

    Johannes Müller, Reinhard Bernbeck (Hrsg.)

    Prestige - Prestigegüter - Sozialstrukturen
    Beispiele aus dem europäischen und vorderasiatischem Neolithikum

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 6
    Prestige und Prestigegüter spielen für soziale Prozesse neolithischer Gesellschaften eine entscheidende Rolle. Dies wird nach einer soziologischen und kulturanthropologischen Definition der Begriffe an den verschiedenen Beispielen in diesem Band deutlich: Vom Akeramikum der Levante, £atal Hüyük in Anatolien und linearbandkeramischem Spondylusschmuck führen die Untersuchungen bis zu den nichtmegalithischen Langhügeln Dänemarks und der Schnurkeramik des Mittelelbe-Saalegebietes. Immer zeigt sich, daß aus den prähistorischen Quellen "Prestige" bestimmter Personengruppen rekonstruierbar ist, ohne direkt  "Prestigegüter" im archäologischen Material zu fordern. Neolithische Gesellschaften wirken in einem Spannungsfeld zwischen informeller Prestigeakkumulation und reglementierender Statusbildung. Hierarchien sind die Basis erster Stratifikation: Sozialstrukturen des Neolithikums werden erkennbar.

    Andreas Heege

    Die Keramik des frühen und hohen Mittelalters aus dem Rheinland
    Stand der Forschung - Typologie, Chronologie, Warenarten

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 5
    Diese Veröffentlichung entstand im Rahmen der 1992 fertig gestellten Dissertation von Andreas Heege "Hambach 500 – Villa rustica und früh- bis hochmittelalterliche Siedlung bei Niederzier, Kreis Düren". Da die mittelalterliche Keramikforschung im Rheinland dringend einer neuen Standortbestimmung bedurfte und es sich bei dem vorliegenden Text um ein abgeschlossenes Kapitel der Doktorarbeit handelt, war eine von der Materialvorlage zu "Hambach 500" getrennte Veröffentlichung sinnvoll.

    Gamal el-Deen Idris

    Die Altsteinzeit im Sudan

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 4
    Gamal el Deen Idris stellt in seiner Dissertation die paläolithischen Funde aus dem Sudan zusammen, die aus der Literatur bis 1992 bekannt waren. Außerdem werden Funde der Sahara-Expeditionen des Kölner Institutes für Ur- und Frühgeschichte beschrieben und ausgewertet. Forschungsgeschichte und Typochronologie des Paläolithikums im Sudan bilden die Schwerpunkte der Arbeit. Ein umfangreicher Katalog der Fundstellen und Inventare macht dem interessierten Leser diese frühe Epoche einer zuvor wenig beachteten Region Afrikas zugänglich.

    Ursula Tegtmeier

    Neolithische und bronzezeitliche Pflugspuren in Norddeutschland und den Niederlanden

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 3
    Ursula Tegtmeier stellt in ihrer Magisterarbeit die bis 1987 bekannten prähistorischen Pflugspuren aus Norddeutschland und den Niederlanden zusammen. Im Rahmen ihrer Studien führte sie gemeinsam mit Kommilitonen und Archäologen Experimente mit Pflügen durch. Die Deutung der daraus folgenden Arbeitsergebnisse sowie eine umfangreiche Literaturstudie sind wesentliche Teile dieser Veröffentlichung. Abgerundet wird diese wichtige Arbeit durch einen umfangreichen Katalog.

    Jutta Klug

    Die vorgeschichtliche Besiedlung des Amöneburger Beckens und seiner Randgebiete

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 2
    Das Ziel der Dissertation von Jutta Klug ist, die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen siedlungsgeschichtlicher Interpretationen von archäologischen Fundkarten aufzuzeigen. Dafür bietet das Amöneburger Becken als eine geographisch abgeschlossene Siedlungskammer innerhalb der Hessischen Senke beste Voraussetzungen.
    Es werden Fundkartierungen vom Paläolithikum bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit dargestellt und in Bezug auf ihre siedlungshistorischen Aussagemöglichkeiten beschrieben und interpretiert.

    Günther Junghans

    Gabriel de Mortillet 1821-1898
    Eine Biographie

    Archäologische Berichte, Band 1
    In seiner Biographie Gabriel de Mortillets (1821-1898) geht Günter Junghans dem Leben und Wirken dieses vielseitigen französischen Gelehrten nach. Studien umfangreicher Originalquellen am Seminar für Vor- und Frühgeschichte sowie der Universitätsbibliothek in Saarbrücken und in der Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris lassen ihn aber nicht nur die bekannten Beiträge Mortillets zur Erforschung des Paläolithikums betonen, sondern diese Biographie konzentriert sich auch auf den "homme politique".

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Archaeologists, Attitudes to Conservation and the Elephant Hunter Argument

    Portable Antiquities Scheme Database
    Diplodicus Snarl, the famous Styrian big game hunter has just published an article in the Moldavian periodical 'Ökologische habitatspflege' (Snarl 2018, An empirical examination of ecological damage caused by non-professional extraction of elephant ivory ex situ ('poaching'). A case study from the Republic of Republic of Equatorial Guinea'). He argues that ivory is a very useful material, and left on the living animal often never gets even seen by the man on the street and ends up being lost when the animal dies and disintegrates on the decomposing carcass under the tropical sun. He dismisses the conflict of interest between the conservationists who see ivory hunting as causing significant ecological damage (Snarl, 2018 p. 2) and the group of people who argue for the harvesting of as much of this material as possible by amateur hunters so it can be used and not 'go to waste' (Snarl 2018, passim) He says:
    'The major disagreement between the two groups thus mainly lies in the cost-benefit analysis: is it better for preservationists to prevent damage to the undisturbed ecosystem is [sic] situ, so that it isn’t disturbed, even if that means that much will be lost completely, because it will never be seen at all? Or is it better for us to extract and use as much ivory and get as much use as possible from what is extracted 'ex situ', whether it has been professionally obtained or not, even if that means that some elephants will be destroyed by non-professional ivory extraction?' (Snarl 2018, p. 2).
    Archaeological site after 'collection-
    driven exploitation'
    I think this is a similar argument to the one applied to archaeology, isn't it?  There have been those that have suggested that there is a similar 'cost-benefit' conflict when it comes to the preservation of the archaeological record as a resource for future use. This goes on the lines of something like: "is it better for archaeology to prevent damage to the undisturbed archaeology is situ, so that it is not disturbed prior to its professional excavation, even if that means that much will be lost completely, because it will never be excavated at all?....". But then is that not what elephant conservation is about? Individual elephants will die a natural death, so will be lost anyway. In the same way we conserve remains of the past (and that goes for historical buildings and other types of cultural property) for a future, without necessarily knowing what that future will be or having any control over it, but trusting that in that future there will be those that care enough to do something about its deterioration and destruction. That is what conservation is about - optimism about the future of our concepts of heritage values rather than nihilist pessimism. What these people are saying is the equivalent of: "we might as well scrape all the gold off the stucco in Venice and strip the lead from the roofs there now as the city is sinking and the buildings will be underwater and collapse within a century or so anyway, and Italy will probably be inhabited by uncaring philistines who will not value it as much as we do and have less idea than we do about how to look after it - so we should use them up now as we do not know, cannot know, which ones will be saved".

    These supporters of collection-driven exploitation go on:
    "...or is it better for archaeology to record as m[any] data as possible about what is excavated and thus destroyed in situ, whether it has been professionally excavated or not, even if that means that some ‘ undisturbed ’ contexts will be destroyed by unprofessional finds extraction?" (Karl 2018, 2).
    This raises a whole load of questions. First of all, what is meant by [archaeological] data here? An ivory tusk from Botswana is evidence of the former presence of an elephant in Botswana, as much as a Roman coin from Bognor is evidence of presence of Romans there, and we can even say roughly (TPQ) when. We can even have loose reports of 'lots of Roman coins' from all over the Bognor region dug out of the archaeological record. But these are not data on the sites and contexts they were hoiked from. They document recent collecting and reporting activities by random individuals engaged in a minority hobby. Not much else.

    Secondly is archaeological evidence an objective existing entity, or is archaeological evidence co-created by the observer? Obviously the latter. If the observer knows what to look for, what it means - understands site formation processes and taphonolmy  and how to document it. If not we get the equivalent of ancient aliens, or Inigo Jones' square Stonehenge. It should be obvious that a metal detectorist that cannot even string more that a handful of words into a coherent sentence in his native language or (apparently) read more than eight consecutive sentences without getting lost has about as much chance of correctly reading and describing the archaeological record of a Roman deposit in a field near Bognor as my cat (the intelligent one - the other one could not even find the field). And here is the problem, through learning and the use of a recognised methodology, we standardise our excavation and recording methods in the way we do so that their reliability because we can see how the knowledge they embody was constructed, where its strong and weak points are (this will be apparent to anyone working on documentation from old excavations as I am doing at the moment). Bad evidence is not better than no evidence. Bad evidence is bad evidence, a completely rotten apple is not better than no apple and should not be packed in a box going to the shop with fresh ones to make up numbers. It has to be discarded. In the same way archaeological material inexpertly 'excavated' and improperly recorded are data that must be discarded or at least treated as suspect and unreliable.

    Metal detectorists mostly produce loose collectables, not data that tell you anything about the taphonomy of the deposit in which they were preserved, and from which they were taken. Furthermore, by removal of that object, those objects, the original structure of those deposits is changed by the artefact hunter. But anybody later doing a surface survey, of that site will never know that in the first week of July 1982, Bob, Baz and Jez spent a couple of days in tents 'doing over' the site (the boxload of diagnostic artefacts long ago ended up in a skip with a load of other stuff - Jez sold the hammies he found in '86) and eight years later Jayn and Terry 'found a few bits' - one brooch is in Barchester Museum, but only has a four-figure NGR and three other guys also tried their hand several years later, but decided it was not worth their while as they could see by what was now coming up that the site had been 'hammered' by previous visitors, the names of whom the farmer has forgotten. Doing a surface survey of the site, one might tell the field had been 'done over', but not where had been searched, what was taken, and where the surface of the field is relatively untouched by such activity. In that way, any distribution of material across that field is totally distorted, and as a source of information, the distribution pattern of material on that site has been destroyed as surely as if the site had been randomly bulldozed.

    Reading what they write (and I've read a lot of it), it seems to me that the archaeologists who support collectors seem to me to be seeing the whole issue from three narrow viewpoints:
    1) archaeology as discovery and not a conservation issue,
    2) Archaeology as primarily about objects/artefacts, and
    3) Archaeology as about individual spots, trenches that are dug, rather than landscapes (that's not the same as dot-distribution maps) and surface survey. Surface sites seem in general outside their field of view* 
    The sites are destroyed, nobody profits
    The archaeological context is not a coin in a box, and as archaeologists who believe in a future for archaeology, our responsibilities surely go further than dig up everything so the current generation can use it all up now. The cost benefit analysis of trying to use Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record as a form of ersatz archaeology is that the cheap costs of getting 'stuff for an arkie to write about' (ivories) are relatively low, but the material is obtained at the cost of destruction of a part of the archaeological record (the killing of an elephant) and in fact on more caereful analysis, those random loose decontextualised bits and pieces that enter the database are really not of as much benefit to anyone as they are often made out to be.

    * Unless its demanding a 'metal detector survey of the topsoil' to 'get those objects out' before digging [digging to find more old objects?]

    Jim Davila (

    Roman-era decapitation graves in England

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Review of Marshall, The Portrayals of the Pharisees in the Gospels and Acts

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Religious Backgrounds and University Educations

    From Eboo Patel’s recent article in Inside Higher Education: My larger point is this: in an era of higher ed where identity is king, diversity education often means unmooring some people from their identities while working hard to tether other people more deeply to theirs. The standard view appears to go like this: a white […]

    Jim Davila (

    Paths to Masada

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Boardman, Alexander the Great

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    UK Bottle Diggers, a Dying Breed

    Bottle digging deep holes unbelievable ,

    Do they talk about trench shoring in Bottle-digging handbooks? One for the PAS to tell members of the public about I would have thought. Appalling disregard among 'history hunters'.

    Compitum - publications

    V. Brouquier-Reddé et Fr. Hurlet (dir.), L’eau dans les villes du Maghreb et leur territoire ...


    Véronique Brouquier-Reddé et Frédéric Hurlet (dir.), L'eau dans les villes du Maghreb et leur territoire à l'époque romaine, Bordeaux, 2018.

    Éditeur : Ausonius Éditions
    Collection : Mémoires
    456 pages
    ISBN : 9782356132307
    60 €

    Cet ouvrage présente les résultats d'un programme international de recherche consacré à l'étude de l'eau dans le Maghreb romain. L'objectif principal y était de faire réfléchir et dialoguer des spécialistes de différentes disciplines : historiens, archéologues, géographes. La première partie est une approche croisée des différentes méthodologies mises en œuvre quand il est question de la gestion de l'eau dans l'Afrique romaine, mais aussi dans d'autres régions de l'Empire à titre de comparaison. Sont ainsi exposés le traitement des sources écrites – littéraires, juridiques, gromatiques et épigraphiques –, l'application des méthodes géoarchéologiques, ainsi que la modélisation par le biais d'un Système d'Information Géographique. La deuxième partie traite de la gestion de l'eau à l'échelle de différents territoires, ruraux et urbains. Elle a porté l'attention sur différents cas d'étude qui mettaient en avant la diversité des territoires et des échelles en envisageant aussi bien des régions entières (la plaine du Gharb et le territoire de Volubilis au Maroc, la Tripolitaine occidentale tunisienne) que des cités ou des édifices. La troisième partie est consacrée à l'approvisionnement en eau de différentes communautés humaines et aux ouvrages hydrauliques indispensables pour acheminer l'eau et la rendre accessible au public visé. Ce volume offre ainsi un état des lieux de la recherche sur une histoire de l'environnement du Maghreb romain et sur l'impact de Rome sur un tel paysage.


    Source : Ausonius Editions

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Huge Shortfall in Ability to Cope with Major Increase in Numbers of Detector Using Artefact Hunters in England

    The private collection of decontextualised archaeological artefacts is becoming increasingly popular in the British Isles due to the positive publicity it is getting (and lack of proper public information about its effects) on the watch of the Portable Antiquities Scheme. Treasure hunter John Howland on his "Detecting and Collecting”, blog a go-to place for a detectorists' point of view, is jubilant that a recent DCMS study showed that 1.5 per cent of adults in England had taken part in metal detecting in the last year, without realising the scale of irresponsible artefact hunting that reveals. The figures speak for themselves 1.5% of the current adult population of England is 674 700  people. Nearly seven hundred thousand people (!). The PAS has a capacity to deal with the finds made by just several thousand people. The shortfall is several hundred thousand. That means that if those sorts of numbers of detector users are pocketing archaeological mataerial with no public accountability, without reporting it there are potentially several hundred thousand irresponsible detectorists out there raiding the archaeological record for personal entertainment and profit, and compartively only a much smaller quantity that can have a claim to be 'responsible' in some small way.

    Surely, even the most diehard supporter of collecting must admit that this situation cannot go on, either we need to invest much more in the PAS 'mitigating' system to increase its capacity by an order of magnitude commensurate with the scale of the removal of artefacts from the archaeological record by artefact hunters - or we need to place curbs on the activity itself to reduce the clandestine destruction. 

    Unreported 'Metal Detecting' Reaches Crisis Proportions in England and Wales [UPDATED]

    Hannah Furness, arts correspondent, 'Payday for metal detectorists as average treasure find now worth £2,671' Telegraph 29th Dec
    Wikipedia (UPDATE: Wales now
    added to the picture for Liz Howe,
    even though the DCMS Survey
     was of England)
    They may be stereotyped as amateur hobbyists, spending their evenings traipsing through fields for the love of the search. But the life of a metal detectorist can very well pay off, it seems. The average treasure find reported to the authorities and valued last year made £2,671, it has emerged, a total value of £643,683 across 241 items. It is the first time the valuation committee has released figured for the average find, as the number of reported treasures continues to rise each year. 2018[...]
    But it is not, is it? Most of the finds that are hoiked out by increasing numbers of these people are not recorded, the PAS is working at capacity, and the number of finds recorded year by year has remained more or less the same for the past ten years or so. So in fact the net effect is a loss of information as more and more artefacts are being emptied from the archaeological record into people's pockets.

    Not everybody gets the implications of these figures"
    Referring to a DCMS study which showed that 1.5 per cent of adults in England had taken part in metal detecting in the last year, [Michael Ellis, arts minister] said: “This increase in detecting has contributed hugely to the extension of our knowledge of our past.”

    1.5% of the current adult population of England is 674 700  people. Nearly seven hundred thousand people (!). The PAS has a capacity to deal with the finds made by just several thousand people. The shortfall is several hundred thousand. Surely, even the most diehard archaeological supporter of collecting must admit that this situation cannot go on.

    Bangor has a go on Facebook [UPDATED]

    From NGÖ Jahresschrift  2014*
    When he's not burying plastic Father Christmases in an Austrian back garden and trying to get the state prosecutor and courts to react to his stunt, Raimund Karl of Bangor seems to want to prove that liberalising laws about 'metal detecting' would be no bad thing (the Father Christmas stunt was part of that). That's not a view that wins him much favour with me, in particular due to the methods he uses to promote his views. Anyway, over on facebook a couple of days ago, one James Hodgson rather superciliously asked me to 'provide a source for these artefacts being 'hoiked' out of the ground in increasing numbers' in England and Wales. I pointed out first that we await a proper report addressing this issue but until then, the most recent published attempt was the text by Sam Hardy, which certainly seems to suggest that the numbers of artefact hunters with metal detectors in England and Wales is reaching disturbingly high numbers. That in turn triggered Karl to draw attention to his own nasty blog text from March last year:
    This paper [Hardy's] contains serious methodological and arithmetic errors, of in fact shocking proportions, amounting in one rather significant case to almost a full order of magnitude. See here ( for a discussion of some of the more outrageous mistakes made by the author (who incidentally claims to have based it on a methodology first used in the context of metal detecting by me and one of my PhD students, while obviously not having understood even the most basic tenets of the method we used, nor its purpose and applicability).
    Shocking, eh. I drafted a reply for Facebook. In march when I'd read this text through a couple of times, I was going to write a reply here, but in the end I couldn't be bothered. Perhaps I should have done. When discussions get to this level of he-said-she-said tedium, they become  dialogue of the deaf, and serve only to obscure the main fact: We do have a problem with current policies on Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record. And part of the problem is that we are refusing to admit it. Karl is one of those in denial - in fact like the Ixelles Six he seems to see everything as hunkydory in PAS-land. That is not a view I share. Since he was responding to what I had said to Mr Hodgson I felt like replying. In the end I did not post it, but this is what I wrote as a response:
    Professor Karl’s post here, I think should be seen in the context of the fixation he (and others) have with proving that ‘restrictive’ approaches to artefact hunting and collecting “do not work” (and so therefore we would all need a liberal system and a PAS-clone system for picking up the pieces) Hardy has come in for a lot of flak (not all of it methodologically sound) from several academic quarters for the work he has done that shows that these liberal ‘systems’ are very damaging (a view I share).

    Since the methodology of Hardy’s paper is set out In detail, and Prof. Karl argues at some length where what is what, the reader can plough through it and decide for themselves who is right where.

    For what it is worth, I read it all when he published it in March last year and will just say I think Karl overstates his case, is unnecessarily offensive in his phrasing and not right in his overall assessment. But as I say, readers can decide for themselves.
    For my part, despite all he says there, I still think the archaeological heritage of England and Wales (and archaeology itself) would be better served by the introduction of a permit system than what we have now.  
    What the reader should notice is that while Hardy sets out the numbers he has deduced, and the basis on which he does so (precisely so they can be assessed) all that Karl does here is attack them, without providing any figures of his own to replace them. This is pretty typical of the pro-collecting lobby on the whole.

    The point made so 
    triumphantly by Karl (‘that little nugget’) about metal detecting in the USA is however correct, which Hardy admits here in a correction to the original article  (a text Karl has 'somehow' omitted to mention) . I do not think however that it actually affects the general argument of Hardy’s paper and in particular about the situation in England and Wales.

    I also still feel it is irrelevant who first thought of the idea of mining information from the social media to see behind the scenes of ‘metal detecting’, Karl claims it was him in 2016. In fact, Nigel Swift and I were using these kind of data for this purpose a decade earlier. I suspect that Karl just uses the suggestion of Hardy’s 'borrowing' his idea as grounds for the subsequent nastiness (and for the record the paper by Moeller and him and its 'method' are discussed on this blog at some length).

    But what this curious example of blog wars demonstrates is something else. Why – in the case of the UK - are we having this discussion like this at all? Where is the official survey by HM government, the CBA, CIfA, commissioned report from OA, or anywhere else? Why is this being slogged out as an academic punchup between Hardy and Karl ? How many metal detectorists are there in the UK, what are they taking and how much of it, and how does that relate to the coin-heavy records that are being made by the PAS?
    When are we going to see some soundly-based definitive official figures instead of all this? Surely that should be the main fruit of twenty years liaison in the UK.

    I'll just point out for its general entertainment value, that in the March text to which he links, one of the key points in the opposition of 'liberal/restrictive laws' is that Austria has a 'restrictive' legislation Cf what he was arguing in the comments under this post last week, and getting quite stroppy about. 

    * Wanna know who Netzwerk Geschichte Österreich are? Look here. Members of the ECMD. 

    UPDATE  11th Jan 2019

    Hardy reminds us of a later article Hardy, S.A. Metal-Detecting for Cultural Objects until ‘There Is Nothing Left’: The Potential and Limits of Digital Data, Netnographic Data and Market Data for Open-Source AnalysisArts 20187, 40. that expands on his use of the 'netnographic' data.

    January 12, 2019

    The Archaeology News Network

    Unique rock-carved steam bath discovered at Mayan city of Nakum in Guatemala

    A unique steam bath carved in rock was discovered by Jagiellonian University researchers conducting excavations in the ancient Mayan city of Nakum in Guatemala. The more than 2,500-year-old structure could have also been the site of religious rituals. Nakum bath during excavations [Credit: Jarosław Źrałka]‘We have initially thought that we have found a tomb. But step-by-step, having revealed different elements of the structure, we...

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    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Vermont College Acquires Ancient Coins

    Middlebury College Middlebury, Vermont has a collection of 'choice works of art that range in date from the fourth millennium B.C.E. to the third century C.E'. - a comprehensive set of Mesopotamian seals, an Assyrian alabaster palace relief, sunken-relief hieroglyphics from an Egyptian tomb, a late Egyptian mummy case, a marble Cycladic figurine, a fine Greek pottery collection, and Roman bronze and marble sculptures (look at the dates of accession here). Now they have 1000 loose ancient coins (Vast Collection of Ancient Coins Is Gifted to the Museum of Art', January 8, 2019):
    A coin collector from Lewiston, Maine, with no prior connection to Middlebury, has donated more than 1,000 ancient coins to the Middlebury College Museum of Art. Gary Guimond, who started collecting ancient coins in the 1950s, was looking for an educational institution where his gold, silver, bronze, and electrum coins would be preserved, appreciated, and studied as primary sources of history. 
    The college's concept of 'primary source of history' seems to be that these loose objects illustrate book-history, for if they have lost their provenance, they are just now loose old stamped metal discs. It's a real mishmash too:
    There are a good number of beautiful and interesting coins from ancient Greece, ancient Rome, the early and middle Byzantine eras, Parthia, and even the Gallic Empire,” said Professor Pieter Broucke, the associate curator of ancient art. The collection is particularly strong in coinage from the Roman Empire, he said, with pieces displaying Augustus, Tiberius, Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, Septimus Severus, and the empresses Faustina the Elder and Julia Domna. The collection includes a bronze Ptolemy II coin, a Republican silver coin, a number of Justinian coins, and a fourrée coin of Caracalla from the third century CE. The collection also contains several Byzantine cup-shaped bronze coins and some medieval French and Eastern European coins, as well as a cluster of lead tokens and pewter objects that served as currency in Renaissance England. (sic) [...] The Middlebury Museum is in the early stages of determining how the coins will be used,
    How many of them have any decent provenances and legitimising collecting histories?  How many can actually be documented as removed from the archaeological record legally and not having been  smuggled out of the source countries?

    Vignette: If you want to know what people thought the emperor looked like,

    Compitum - événements (tous types)

    La rappresentazione del divino nel teatro antico

    Titre: La rappresentazione del divino nel teatro antico
    Lieu: Palazzo Greco / Syracuse
    Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
    Date: 31.01.2019 - 02.02.2019
    Heure: 17.00 h - 18.30 h

    Information signalée par Caterina Mordeglia

    La rappresentazione del divino nel teatro antico

    The representation of the divine in the ancient theatre

    Congresso internazionale Istituto nazionale del dramma antico (Inda) – Rivista Dioniso

    31 gennaio - 2 febbraio 2019
    Salone Amorelli – Palazzo Greco, Siracusa

    Giovedì 31 Gennaio - Ore 15.00

    Saluti istituzionali

    Francesco Italia, Presidente Fondazione INDA, Sindaco Città di Siracusa

    Maria Rita Sgarlata, Consigliere Delegato, Fondazione INDA

    Antonio Calbi, Sovrintendente Fondazione INDA

    Prima sessione

    Presidente: Margherita Rubino (UNiversità di Genova/Componente C.d.A. Fondazione INDA)


    Luciano Violante (Presidente emerito della Camera dei Deputati) – Oreste di Euripide: La giustizia degli uomini, la giustizia degli dei

    Richard Seaford (University of Exeter) – Redefining Deity in Athenian Tragedy

    Guido Paduano (Università di Pisa) – Sofocle pio?

    Luigi Battezzato (Università del Piemonte Orientale) – Antigone e gli dei


    Maria Serena Mirto (Università di Pisa)

    Venerdì 1 Febbraio - Ore 9.00

    Presidente: Gianna Petrone (Università di Palermo)


    Angus Bowie (Queen's College, Oxford) – How ‘sacred' are the lyrics of Aristophanes?

    Francesco Morosi (Scuola Normale Superiore) – L'anima buona dell'Attica: una teodicea economica nel Pluto

    Anton Bierl (Universität Basel) – A New God and his Representation on Stage: Religion, Ritual, and Myth in Aristophanes' Wealth

    Thomas K. Hubbard (University of Texas, Austin) – The Sacrileges of 415 and the Gods of Comedy


    Elena Fabbro (Università di Udine)

    Sabato 2 Febbraio - Ore 9.00

    Presidente: Guido Paduano (Università di Pisa)


    Marta Cartabia (Vice-Presidente della Corte Costituzionale) – Giustizia divina nelle Eumenidi

    Alexander Garvie (University of Glasgow) – To what extent does the presentation of the gods in Greek tragedy reflect the real-life experience of the audience?

    Maria Pia Pattoni (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore) – L'oracolo di Apollo nelle tragedie attiche sul mito di Oreste

    Giancarlo Mazzoli (Università di Pavia) – Fecimus caelum nocens. Declinazioni ironiche del divino nel teatro senecano


    Alessandro Grilli (Università di Pisa)

    SEGRETERIA ORGANIZZATIVA: Fondazione INDA – 0931.4872480931 48 72 48

    DIREZIONE SCIENTIFICA: Comitato di Redazione di «Dioniso. Rivista di studi sul teatro antico»

    Lieu de la manifestation : SIRACUSA (CT), Italia
    Organisation : Istituto Nazionale per il Dramma Antico (INDA) - Rivista Dioniso
    Contact : INDA - Elena Servito, elena.servito[at]

    Jim Davila (

    Another Knoppers memorial

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Aramaic Studies on linguistic diversity

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    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    What I Share Where

    I’ve developed a rhythm to my sharing of items of interest on social media. That includes, but is not at all limited to, my posts on this blog. I am on Facebook (where I have a page for my blog that you can find by searching for ReligionProf) and on Twitter (also as ReligionProf), as […]

    Jim Davila (

    Compendium of James Ossuary essays in B&I

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    The Archaeology News Network

    How the Arabian oryx was brought back from extinction

    More than four decades ago, the Arabian oryx was extinct in the wild. But today, thanks to efforts spearheaded by Saudi Arabia and the UAE, experts are citing the swell in its numbers as one of the world’s biggest conservation success stories. There are now an estimated 1,220 wild oryx across the Arabian Peninsula [Credit: Shutterstock]In the early 1970s, the antelope was considered all but vanished due to hunting and poaching. Now...

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    Jim Davila (


    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Bryn Mawr Classical Review

    2019.01.15: A Guide to Reading Herodotus’ 'Histories'

    Review of Sean Sheehan, A Guide to Reading Herodotus’ 'Histories'. London; New York: 2018. Pp. xii, 316. $29.95 (pb). ISBN 9781474292665.

    2019.01.14: Space, Time and Language in Plutarch. Millennium-Studien, 67

    Review of Aristoula Georgiadou, Katerina Oikonomopoulou, Space, Time and Language in Plutarch. Millennium-Studien, 67. Berlin; Boston: 2017. Pp. xiv, 382. €109,95. ISBN 9783110537710.

    2019.01.13: The Epigrams of Crinagoras of Mytilene: Introduction, Text, Commentary

    Review of Maria Ypsilanti, The Epigrams of Crinagoras of Mytilene: Introduction, Text, Commentary. Oxford; New York: 2018. Pp. xi, 578. $130.00. ISBN 9780199565825.

    2019.01.12: Le relazioni diplomatiche di Roma. Volume VII. Problemi e contraccolpi della grande espansione egemonica (188 - 183 a.C.). Prassi diplomatiche dello imperialismo romano, 3

    Review of Filippo Canali de Rossi, Le relazioni diplomatiche di Roma. Volume VII. Problemi e contraccolpi della grande espansione egemonica (188 - 183 a.C.). Prassi diplomatiche dello imperialismo romano, 3. Roma: 2017. Pp. ix, 147. €30.00 (pb). ISBN 9788866871262.

    Compitum - publications

    B. Delignon, La morale de l'amour dans les Odes d'Horace. Poésie, philosophie et politique.


    Bénédicte Delignon, La morale de l'amour dans les Odes d'Horace. Poésie, philosophie et politique., Paris, 2018.

    Éditeur : Presses Universitaires de Paris-Sorbonne
    Collection : Rome et ses renaissances
    392 pages
    ISBN : 979-10-231-0576-6
    25 €

    Dans les odes érotiques, Horace conjugue exaltation de la passion et morale de l'amour : il chante la puissance et les beautés du désir, mais n'en invite pas moins les jeunes filles à se marier, les matrones à être fidèles, les jeunes gens à se contrôler et les vieilles femmes à renoncer à l'amour. Il rompt ainsi avec la tradition qui le précède, de Sappho aux élégiaques latins en passant par Anacréon, Alcée ou Catulle. Pour comprendre cette intrusion de la morale dans le domaine érotique, il faut tenir compte de tout ce qui fonde la lyrique horatienne : l'ambition de devenir une voix de la cité, la nécessité de dire son adhésion au nouveau régime, mais aussi l'intérêt pour la philosophie, y compris l'Académie, dont on sous-évalue l'importance dans son œuvre. Les enjeux moraux sont cependant indissociables des choix poétiques. C'est en poète qu'Horace se fait philosophe, jouant sur la coïncidence de certains motifs proprement lyriques avec une morale d'origine philosophique. C'est également en poète qu'il réconcilie l'exaltation de la passion et la morale, grâce à un jeu sur les genres, les formes et leur pragmatique. Cet ouvrage éclaire la manière dont se tissent, dans les Odes, l'inspiration érotique, le substrat philosophique, le contexte politique et les choix poétiques de celui qui se regarde comme l'inventeur de la lyrique latine.


    Source : Sorbonne Université Presses

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Artefact Hunters Know How to Get 'Hidden' Information from PAS Database

    Nighthawks can do it too
    Shhh, its supposed to be a secret.
    Andrew Ellis 35 mins Good evening All, a quick question, when the FLO asks where an item of potential treasure was found, how accurate do you have to be, an exact grid reference, a particular field, farm, parish or town? Many thanks.
    Reply (Graham Derham  "if treasure, land owners name address phone number, exact spot where you found it as well. you can ask for spot to be masked so only they can see it|" but there is an easter egg:
    John Maloney ^^^^ this. Insist the find spot is "to be known as".... although there is a flaw on the database that shows exact find spots. I could tell you how but I would have to kill you after. ;-)
    A metal detectorist knows this to be the case:
    Graham Derham John Maloney yes there is a flaw but nothing can do about it 
    Mr Maloney is optimistic:  
    John Maloney Graham Derham there is something they could do but its a big job.
    Graham Derham John Maloney yes , but hey once the treasure out then its not in the field and if the farmer is a nice farmer then he wont let others go looking for more
    Hey, wan't the idea to "protect farmers' from those who'll go there without asking permission? 

    Archaeology Magazine

    Section of Roman Road Uncovered in Northern England

    England Lancashire Roman RoadLANCASHIRE, ENGLAND—An archaeological investigation ahead of a construction project uncovered a section of Roman road in northwestern England, according to a report in The Lancashire Evening Post. “People have been trying to find the line of that road since the 1850s,” said David Hunt of the South Ribble Museum. Made of rounded cobbles and gravel, the road was wide enough to accommodate the Roman military, and stretched about 17 miles to connect the towns of Wigan and Walton-le-Dale. Ian Miller of the University of Salford said he was surprised to find a well-preserved section of the road that had not been plowed up by 2,000 years of farming in the area. For more, go to “Slime Molds and Roman Roads.”

    Bones Hint at Life in Bronze-Age Mongolia

    AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND—According to a report in Science Magazine, an international team of scientists led by Sarah Karstens of the University of Auckland examined 25 sets of remains of people who lived in Mongolia between about 3,500 and 2,700 years ago for signs of health. The researchers found very little evidence of inflammation or infection in the bones, or signs of diseases brought on by malnutrition, such as rickets or scurvy. Injuries commonly inflicted through fights or falls from horseback, such as broken noses, ribs, and legs, were detected in the bones, however. Wear and tear associated with horseback riding was also seen in the people’s spines. Karstens and her colleagues concluded that Bronze-Age Mongolians probably lived in small nomadic groups that enjoyed plenty of exercise and avoided living near accumulations of their own waste. For more, go to “In Search of History's Great Rulers: Genghis Khan, Founder of the Mongol Empire.”

    1,500-Year-Old Tombs Discovered in Northern China

    XI’AN, CHINA—Xinhua reports that a cluster of 12 tombs estimated to be more than 1,500 years old has been discovered in northern China. The tombs are thought to date to the Sixteen Kingdoms period, from A.D. 304 to 439. Liu Daiyun of the Shaanxi Academy of Archaeology said the tombs were arranged in two rows and may have belonged to a single family. Each tomb has a passage, a door, and a path leading to the coffin chamber. “Some new burial customs, such as placing stones in a small pit at the corner of the tomb and the feet of some of the bodies in the tombs being held down by square stones, have been discovered for the first time,” Liu said. Figurines of warriors, servants, and animals made of pottery, and mirrors, stamps, hair clasps, pins, bracelets, bells, and coins made of bronze were also found in the tombs. Two of the burials contained piglet skulls and millet shells. DNA tests could reveal whether the occupants of the tombs were members of the same family, Liu added. For more on burial practices in China, go to “Tomb from a Lost Tribe.”

    January 11, 2019

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Landscape and environmental changes at Memphis during the dynastic period in Egypt

    Landscape and environmental changes at Memphis during the dynastic period in Egypt
    Lourenço Gonçalves, P. M. (2019). Landscape and environmental changes at Memphis during the dynastic period in Egypt (Doctoral thesis).
    Memphis is considered to have been the main metropolis of dynastic Egypt. For more than 3000 years the settlement played a primary role in political, economic and cultural life of the state, functioning as capital for long periods. Nonetheless, little is known about the setting and archaeology of the city itself, even when compared to other Egyptian settlements. This work investigates the context and archaeology of Memphis, recognising distinctive development phases, and examines potential reasons for historical changes. Sedimentary records of 77 boreholes taken in the area of Mit Rahina are analysed to detect palaeoenvironmental conditions and palaeo-landscape features. Their interpretation is sustained by a multidisciplinary approach drawing together prior archaeological, historical and geomorphological studies. A model reflecting the transformations of Memphis is formulated and multi-scale landscape and environmental changes in the Memphite region over the last 5000 years are established. According to this new model, a settlement was founded during the Early Dynastic Period on a complex of sandbanks which were separated and surrounded by three branches of the Nile. After its foundation and during the Early Dynastic Period and the Old Kingdom, the city grew on the western cluster of sandbanks while the West Channel was losing flow. During the First Intermediate Period and the beginning of the Middle Kingdom extreme floods significantly affected the settlement. It recovered during the Middle Kingdom when large-scale landscape management initiatives and strong interventions on the margins of the Central Channel were undertaken. By the New Kingdom, the Middle Birka was already dry land, mainly as a result of human intervention. The East Channel became the only active branch of the Nile serving the city and the Eastern Koms were intensively settled. In the Late Period the city had expanded to the Northern Koms and the North Birka silted up. During the Ptolemaic Period, the city reached its maximum extension, despite important changes in its status and social-economic background. Subsequently, the importance of the city declined with the end of the dynastic state, while the East Channel started to migrate slowly eastward. The city decayed and was abandoned after a few centuries. Some landscape and environmental changes are positively associated both with urban mutation and with different social, economic and political phases of Memphis’ history. Human interventions actively induced the evolution of both landscape and local environment. Events at the supra-regional level, both natural and especially anthropic, also had impact and are linked to changes at Memphis. Conversely, contingencies restricted to the Memphite region influenced the development of the state. Local situations at Memphis—e.g., crisis, disaster, conflict, prosperity, or affluence—could be magnified to the extent that they have been perceived as having affected the state as a whole. The foundation and development of Memphis were tightly interconnected with the fortunes of state and power. The city embodied the cultural and political identity of the state and maintained its prominence through dynastic Egyptian history. Triangular complex cause–effect relations between local changes in Memphis, historical change in Egypt, and climatic and environmental evolution both at regional and supra-regional scales are recognised. The significance of each varied with time, determining the evolution of Memphis and also of dynastic Egypt.
    Landscape changes, Environmental changes, Memphis, Egypt, Nile, Archaeology, Geoarchaeology
    This PhD was supported by the Portuguese FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (grant ref. SFRH/BD/70177/2010) and financed by the program POPH – Programa Operacional Potencial Humano and by the ESF (European Social Fund).

    Open Access Journals: Τεκμήρια

    [First posted in AWOL 23 September 2009. Updated 11 January 2019]

    ISSN: 1106-661x
    Online ISSN:1791-7573
    Τα Τεκμήρια δημοσιεύουν επιστημονικά άρθρα από το ευρύτερο γνωστικό πεδίο της αρχαιογνωσίας, με ιδιαίτερη έμφαση στην αρχαία ιστορία, την επιγραφική, τη νομισματική, την τοπογραφία και την ιστορική γεωγραφία, καθώς και στη δημοσίευση, αναδημοσίευση ή αξιοποίηση επιγραφικών και νομισματικών τεκμηρίων. Όλες οι υποβαλλόμενες εργασίες, που εμπίπτουν στο πεδίο ενδιαφερόντων του περιοδικού, εξετάζονται υπό τον όρο ότι είναι πρωτότυπες και έχουν αποσταλεί προς δημοσίευση μόνο στα Τεκμήρια. Προς το παρόν, τα Τεκμήρια δεν δημοσιεύουν μεμονωμένες βιβλιοκρισίες. Οι γλώσσες δημοσίευσης είναι η ελληνική, αγγλική, γαλλική, γερμανική και ιταλική.

    The journal Tekmeria publishes scholarly articles pertaining to the study of the ancient world, with particular emphasis on Ancient Greek history, epigraphy, numismatics, topography and historical geography, and especially on the publication, republication or exploitation of epigraphic and numismatic materials. All submitted articles that are relevant to the thematic areas covered by the journal are considered by the editorial board, provided they are original and have only been sent to Tekmeria for publication.
    Vol 14: (2017-2018)
    Table of Contents


    Takuji Abe
    Tolga Özhan
    Ilias Sverkos
    Georgia Galani

    Volume: 13

    Volume: 12

    Volume: 11

    Current Epigraphy

    International Digital Epigraphy Association Annual Meeting

    The following notice appeared shortly before the winter break. Please direct inquiries to the IDEA leadership team.

    IDEA Annual Meeting

    What is the Future of Digital Epigraphy?

    The annual meeting of IDEA – International Digital Epigraphy association will be held on January 21st, 2019 in Rome, at the Aula Teleconferenze in the Vetrerie Sciarra – Università “La Sapienza”.


    10.30 – Silvia Orlandi, “Future perspectives of IDEA”

    11.00 – Giulia Sarullo, “Report on the Zadar workshop”

    11.30 – Claudio Prandoni and Franco Zoppi, “Technical report on the maintenance
    activities of the portal”

    12.00 – IDEA General Assembly

    13.30 – Lunch

    15.00 – Visit of the cloister of San Lorenzo fuori le mura

    The participation fee is 100 € (75 € for AIEGL members) and will include the annual IDEA membership fee.

    Those who will not be able to be present can participate to the event via Skype (in this case, please contact Giulia Sarullo).

    The post International Digital Epigraphy Association Annual Meeting appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Medicalia Online

    [First posted on AWOL  12 January 2017, updated 11 January 2019]

    Medicalia Online
    DIGMEDTEXT Project (ERC GA 339828, PI Prof. Isabella Andorlini)
    Thematical and alphabetical online glossary of the technical terms in the Greek medical papyri, connected to the Online Corpus of Greek Medical Papyri. The glossary is built within the framework of the project ERC-AdG-2013-DIGMEDTEXT (Principal Investigator: Prof. Isabella Andorlini), Grant Agreement No. 339828, funded by the European Research Council and held at the University of Parma

    Open Access Journal: Schweizerischer Altphilologenverband - Association Suisse des Philologues Classiques / Bulletin

    [First posted in AWOL 5 October 2011, updated 11 January 2019]

    Schweizerischer Altphilologenverband - Association Suisse des Philologues Classiques - Associazione Svizzera dei Filologi Classici / Bulletin
    Das Bulletin ist das Mitteilungsblatt des SAV. Es erscheint halbjährlich (üblicherweise im März und im September) in einer Auflage von ca. 300 Exemplaren. Artikel können elektronisch (notfalls auch nur in Papierform) an die Bulletin-Redaktorin und an den Webmaster geschickt werden. Die Beiträge werden nach dem Eingang noch vor der Drucklegung auf dem Internet veröffentlicht, ausser die Autoren wünschen dies nicht. Normale Artikel (inkl. Rezensionen) sollten max. 3200 Zeichen (inkl.max. 30000 Zeichen (inkl. Leerzeichen) lang sein. Eine Anzeigenseite kostet 500 Franken.  Leerzeichen), der Leitartikel sollte
     Le Bulletin d'information de l'ASPC paraît deux fois par année, en mars et en septembre avec une tirage d'environ 300 exemplaires. Les articles à paraître peuvent être adressés par e-mail ou sur CD (ou sur papier) directement à la rédactrice du Bulletin et au Webmaster. Les articles seront publiés tout de suite sur l'internet, excepté que les auteurs ne le voudraient pas. Le longeur d'un article est en maximum 3200 charactères, le longeur de l'article principal est en maximum 30000 charactères. Une annonce coute 500 franc
    Bulletin 92 vom Oktober 2018 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 91 vom April 2018 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 90 vom Oktober 2017 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 89 vom April 2017 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 88 vom September 2016 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 87 vom April 2016 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 86 vom September 2015 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 85 vom April 2015 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 84 vom Oktober 2014 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 83 vom Mai 2014 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 82 vom September 2013 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 81 vom April 2013 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 80 vom Oktober 2012 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 79 vom April 2012 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 78 vom September 2011 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 77 vom April 2011 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 76 vom September 2010 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 75 vom April 2010 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 74 vom September 2009 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 73 vom März 2009 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 72 vom September 2008 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 71 vom April 2008 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 70 vom September 2007 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 69 vom April 2007 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 68 vom September 2006 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 67 vom April 2006 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 66 vom September 2005 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 65 vom April 2005 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 64 vom September 2004 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 63 vom April 2004 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 62 vom September 2003 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 61 vom April 2003 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 60 vom September 2002 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 59 vom April 2002 (PDF-Fassung)
    Bulletin 58 (nur elektronische Beiträge) vom Oktober 2001 (Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 57 (nur elektronische Beiträge) vom März 2001 (Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 56 vom September 2000 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 55 vom März 2000 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 54 vom August 1999 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 53 vom März 1999 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 52 vom September 1998 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 51 vom Februar 1998 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 50 vom August 1997 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 49 vom März 1997 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 48 vom November 1996 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 47 vom April 1996 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 46 vom Oktober 1995 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 45 vom April 1995 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 44 vom Oktober 1994 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 43 vom April 1994 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 42 vom Oktober 1993 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 41 vom April 1993 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 40 vom Oktober 1992 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 39 vom April 1992 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 38 vom Oktober 1991 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 37 vom April 1991 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 36 vom Oktober 1990 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 35 vom April 1990 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 34 vom Oktober 1989 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 33 vom März 1989 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 32 vom Oktober 1988 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Sonderbulletin zu den Rahmenlehrplänen vom September 1988 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 31 vom Mai 1988 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 30 vom Oktober 1987 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 29 vom März 1987 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 28 vom Oktober 1986 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 27 vom Mai 1986 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 26 vom September 1985 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 25 vom März 1985 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 24 vom Oktober 1984 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 23 vom Juni 1984 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 22 vom Oktober 1983 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 21 vom März 1983 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 20 vom Oktober 1982 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 19 vom März 1982 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 18 vom Oktober 1981 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 17 vom Mai 1981 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 16 vom Oktober 1980 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 15 vom März 1980 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 14 vom Oktober 1979 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 13 vom Juni 1979 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 12 vom Oktober 1978 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 11 vom März 1978 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 10 vom Oktober 1977 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 9 vom März 1977 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 8 vom Oktober 1976 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 7 vom Februar 1976 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 6 vom Oktober 1975 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 5 vom April 1975 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 4 vom März 1974 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 3 vom Oktober 1972 (nur Faksimile, PDF)
    Bulletin 2 vom Februar 1972 (nur Faksimile, PDF)

    Archaeology Briefs


    It was called Camulodunum, which is a Romanisation of its Iron-Age name: the Fortress (-dunum) of Camulos, God of War.

    Camulodunum was a hugely important site in pre-Roman times. It was most likely the royal stronghold of the Trinovantes, on whose behalf Julius Caesar invaded in 55 and 54 BC.

    Colchester became Britain's first ever city.

    In 60 or 61 AD, while the Roman governor Gaius Suetonius Paullinus was leading a campaign in North Wales, Boudicca's Iceni warriors rebelled, defeating the Roman Ninth Legion and destroying the capital of Roman Britain, Colchester

    The Heroic Age

    HHU Düsseldorf, 7-8 March 2019. Graduate students and early career researchers are warmly invited to apply.


    Medieval Devotional Texts: Technologies Old and New
    Devotional texts, texts that are intended to encourage prayer, spiritual reflection or contemplation, dwell at the intersections between the literary, the historical and the theological. As one example, a prayer can be a lyric, an essential component of liturgy, or a personal text expressing the reader’s specific hopes and fears. It can stand alone or form part of competing networks of intertextuality, accommodating a wide range of different readings and significant contexts. While devotional texts may appear formulaic in that they are often characterised by formal qualities and constrained by the expectations of genre, the distinctive features of these texts also allow them to remain recognisable even as they are adapted to the demands of new reading communities and new media.
    We welcome papers addressing early and late medieval devotional genres or texts alongside the technologies employed in their creation, transmission and use. Correspondingly, we are also interested in papers discussing digital approaches to studying the production and reception of these texts.
    Abstracts are invited from researchers working in literary and related fields addressing any of the following topics:
    • manuscript studies
    • textual transmission
    • devotional texts and material culture
    • the place of devotional texts in miscellanies
    • confessional practice
    • prayer collections and compilations
    • digital approaches to devotional texts in medieval literature
    Please send a 300-word abstract for a 25-minute paper to Sheri Smith at by 1st February 2019. We will be confirming participation by February 7th. We particularly welcome papers from graduate students and early career scholars and will cover the cost of one night of accommodation at our conference venue Schloss Mickeln for all speakers.

    S. C. Thomson

    Office hour: Thursday 14.30–16.00

    Senior Lecturer

    Anglistik I / Medieval English Studies
    Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik
    Universitätsstr. 1/Geb.
    40225 Düsseldorf

    Tel. +49 (0) 211 81-13832

    Heinrich Heine Universität, Düsseldorf

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Biblical and Ancient Greek Linguistics (BAGL)

     [First posted in AWOL 25 July 2016, updated 11 January 2019]

    Biblical and Ancient Greek Linguistics (BAGL)
    Biblical and Ancient Greek Linguistics
    Biblical and Ancient Greek Linguistics (BAGL), in conjunction with the Centre for Biblical Linguistics, Translation, and Exegesis at McMaster Divinity College and the project ( is a fully refereed on-line and print journal specializing in widely disseminating the latest advances in linguistic study of ancient and biblical Greek. Under the senior editorship of Professor Dr. Stanley E. Porter and Dr. Matthew Brook O'Donnell, along with its assistant editors and editorial board, BAGL looks to publish significant work that advances knowledge of ancient Greek through the utilization of modern linguistic methods. Accepted pieces are in the first instance posted on-line in page-consistent pdf format, and then (except for reviews) are published in print form each volume year. This format ensures timely posting of the most recent work in Greek linguistics with consistently referencable articles then available in permanent print form.
    Paul L. Danove
    Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA
    This article develops five features that describe the conceptualizations of the event of communication grammaticalized by New Testament verbs and uses these features to formulate a model of the observed New Testament usages of communication. The discussion resolves all NT occurrences of verbs that designate communication into one of twenty-one usages with distinct feature descriptions, offers guidelines for interpreting and translating verbs with each usage, and clarifies elements of the conceptualization of communication in relation to specific examples. (Article)
    Keywords: Feature, communication, semantic, syntactic, verbal usage
    Nicholas P. Lunn
    Wycliffe Bible Translators, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK
    The following aims to provide something lacking in the field of New Testament Greek studies, which is an overview of the various forms in which the logical relation of contrast may be realized in the surface structure of the language. Here seven distinct categories are described, illustrated, and differentiated, with regard to both their inherent relation and their respective connectors. Variations, where such exist, within each basic category are included, along with any sub-categories. A final section demonstrates the relevance of the presentation for the related tasks of translation and exegesis, offering analyses of several texts where there has been some confusion or misunderstanding with respect to the contrasting relation. (Article)
    Keywords: Concession, replacement, exception, connector, translation
    John J.H. Lee
    McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Ruqaiya Hasan’s Cohesive Harmony Analysis (CHA) is a useful tool to quantifiably predict the degree of the reader’s perception of the coherence of an English text. This work adopts and reconfigures her ideas to make them applicable to ancient Greek texts. This article then applies the modified version of Hasan’s CHA to investigate and compare the degrees of the perceived coherence of two family letters written in the second century AD. Based on the textual analyses, the conclusion is drawn that CHA is a promising tool to quantifiably predict the degree of coherence of ancient Greek texts. (Article)
    Keywords: Cohesion, coherence, cohesive tie, cohesive chain, cohesive harmony analysis, ancient Greek
    Ryder A. Wishart
    McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    This paper explores linguistic monosemy and the methodological priorities it suggests. These priorities include a bottom-up modeling of lexical semantics, a corpus-driven discovery procedure, and a sign-based approach to linguistic description. Put simply, monosemy is a methodology for describing the semantic potential of linguistic signs. This methodology is driven by the process of abstraction based on verifiable data, and so it incorporates empirical checks and balances into the tasks of linguistics, especially (though not exclusively) lexical semantics. This paper contrasts lowest common denominator and greatest common factor methodologies within biblical studies, with three examples: (a) Porter and Pitts’s analysis of the semantics of the genitive within the Greek case system in regard to the πίστις Χριστοῦ debate; (b) disagreement between Ronald Peters and Dan Wallace regarding the Greek article; and (c) the Porter–Fanning debate on the nature of verbal aspect in Greek. Analysis of the Greek of the New Testament stands to benefit from incorporating the insights of monosemy and the methodological correctives it steers toward. (Article)
    Keywords: Linguistic modeling, minimalism, traditional grammar, Saussure, Columbia School, semantics
    Stanley E. Porter
    McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    In this paper, I revisit the question of the aspectual nature of the imperative, or rather, examine the aspectual nature of imperatives and some other forms that function alongside the imperative as forms of command and prohibition. I divide my comments into three sections: imperatives and the Greek mood system, verbal aspect and the imperative, and some abiding issues— three in particular—that continue to be raised, despite the discussion that has transpired over the last nearly thirty years. (Article)
    Keywords: Imperative, aspect, mood, frequency
    Joseph D. Fantin
    Dallas Theological Seminary, Dallas, TX, USA
    Compared to other grammatical phenomena, the Greek imperative mood has received minimal attention. This article will explore and evaluate the traditional approach to the meaning and usages of this mood. These having been found deficient, an alternate approach will be proposed. The imperative mood will indeed be found to mean “command”; however, a “command” can be understood as harsh and inappropriate in certain relational situations. It will be discovered that communicators use various strategies to nuance and in some cases weaken the force of the “command” depending on the intended purpose of the imperative and the relationships of the participants in a communication situation. Thus, degree of force is one way (among others) to classify an imperative. (Article)
    Keywords: Imperative mood, command, neurocognitive stratificational linguistics, relevance theory
    James D. Dvorak
    Oklahoma Christian University, Edmond, OK, USA
    This article discusses the semantics of the imperative mood (directive attitude) in biblical Greek. The author leads into this discussion by first defining “semantics” (meaning) from the perspective of two major interpretive paradigms that are operative in current linguistic studies of biblical Greek: the logical-philosophical paradigm, which undergirds Chomskyan linguistic theory, and the ethnographic-descriptive paradigm, which lies behind Hallidayan Systemic Functional Linguistics. The semantics of the imperative mood is then discussed from each of these perspectives, and it is argued that an SFL approach to the imperative is the most linguistically defensible. Examples are provided from the New Testament. (Article)
    Keywords: Systemic functional linguistics, SFL, context, context of culture, context of situation, semantics, directive attitude, imperative mood, command

    vol. 1 (2012)|vol. 2 (2013)|vol. 3 (2014)|vol. 4 (2015)|vol. 5 (2016)|vol. 6 (2017)

    The Archaeology News Network

    Ancient tomb group unearthed in Shaanxi

    Archaeologists in northwest China's Shaanxi Province said Friday they have discovered an ancient tomb group dating back more than 1,500 years in a village in the province. Archaeologists with the Shaanxi Academy of Archaeology have excavated a cluster of 12 tombs dating back to the Sixteen Kingdoms (304-439 AD) from 2017 to 2018 in Leijia Village of Xixian New Area, along with sacrificial sites and millet [Credit:...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    AIA Fieldnotes

    An Evening with Sarah Parcak and Josh Gates

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Archaeological Institute of America
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Saturday, February 2, 2019 - 6:30pm

    An Evening with Sarah Parcak and Josh Gates will be an entertaining and enlightening event with renowned archaeologist Sarah Parcak and the Discovery Channel’s own Josh Gates, both of whom are Trustees of the Archaeological Institute of America. Sarah and Josh will share stories and insights about their adventures in the field, and their experiences both in front of the camera and behind the scenes. This will be an engaging and highly visual presentation, with time at the end of the event for audience member questions.


    Bruce Keeler, AIA Director of Development
    Call for Papers: 

    The Archaeology News Network

    Conservation work begins on medieval Dutch trade ship

    Conservation work on a 14th century ship found near Kampen on the river IJssel has started this week after a storm early last year demolished the roof of the conservation station. The IJsselkogge was raised from the river bed in 2016 after being discovered in 2011  [Credit: © Freddy Schinkel]The IJsselkogge, one of a fleet of 100 trade ships belonging to the Hanseatic city of Kampen, was raised from the river bed in 2016 after...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Kentron: Revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique

    [First posted in AWOL 1 January 2011. Updated 11 January 2019]

    Kentron: Revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique
    ISSN: 0765-0590
    ISSN électronique: 2264-1459
    Couverture du volume 32 – 2016
    Kentron est une revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique qui ouvre ses pages aux littéraires, philosophes, linguistes, historiens et archéologues. Son champ de recherche couvre les mondes européen, méditerranéen et proche-oriental.
    Les anciens numéros (à partir de l’année 1994) sont accessibles au format PDF sur le site des Presses universitaires de Caen ( et seront progressivement mis en ligne en texte intégral sur ce site.
    Back issues:
    Kentron 30, 2014
    Kentron 29, 2013
    Kentron 28, 2012
    Kentron 27, 2011
    Kentron 26, 2010
    Kentron 25, 2009
    Kentron 24, 2008
    Kentron 23, 2007
    Kentron 22, 2006
    Kentron 21, 2005
    Kentron 20, 1-2, 2004
    Kentron 19, 1-2, 2003
    Kentron 18, 1-2, 2002
    Kentron 17, 2, 2001
    Kentron 17, 1, 2001
    Kentron 16, 1-2, 2000
    Kentron 15, 2, 1999
    Kentron 15, 1, 1999
    Kentron 14, 1-2, 1998
    Kentron 13, 1-2, 1997
    Kentron 12, 2, 1996
    Kentron 11, 2 (1995) et 12, 1 (1996)
    Kentron 11, 1, 1995
    Kentron 10, 2, 1994
    Kentron 10, 1, 1994

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Friday Varia and Quick Hits

    The days are getting longer even as the temperatures hang in the low double-digits here in North Dakotaland. The football season is ending (or it seems almost certain to end for my Eagles this weekend), the cricket season “down under” is in full swing, and the NBA has entered that the fascinating mid-season malaise when even the best teams struggle to balance survival mode with the desire to win games. 

    It was also the first week of classes, which is alway exciting. The new year, new project, new plan, a new calendar…. everything is turning over and it seems like as good a time as any for some quick hits and varia:

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    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Ancient tomb group found in SW China

    CHONGQING, Jan. 11 (Xinhua) – An ancient tomb group dating back to the South Song Dynasty...

    The Archaeology News Network

    Plant phytolith and water content influence rate of tooth enamel abrasion in vertebrates

    Plant phytolith and water content cause differing degrees of tooth enamel abrasion in vertebrates. This is the conclusion reached by an international research team headed by scientists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU). Their study, featured online before print in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has implications for how tooth wear in extinct animals is interpreted and how this information can be employed...

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    Skull scans tell tale of how world's first dogs caught their prey

    Analysis of the skulls of lions, wolves and hyenas has helped scientists uncover how prehistoric dogs hunted 40 million years ago. Computerised scan of skull of first dog species - Hesperocyon gregarius - with inner ear highlighted in red [Credit: Julia Schwab]A study has revealed that the first species of dog -- called Hesperocyon gregarius -- pounced on its prey in the same way that many species, including foxes and coyotes, do...

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    Current Epigraphy

    Doctoral Workshop on Roman Epigraphy (Madrid, February 20-22)

    Casa de Velázquez (Madrid) – Universidad de Alcalá.
    February 20 – 22, 2019. 

    Casa de Velázquez (Madrid) – Universidad de Alcalá.
    20 – 22 février 2019.

    Casa de Velázquez (Madrid) – Universidad de Alcalá.
    20 – 22 de febrero de 2019.

    Latin Epigraphy in the Roman World: Researching, Editing and Enhancing the Value of Inscriptions

    L’épigraphie latine dans le monde romain: recherche, édition et valorisation

    Epigrafía latina en el mundo romano: investigación, edición y puesta en valor

    In the context of the project to produce the pertinent fascicules of the new edition of CIL II covering the inscriptions of the colony of Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Spain), members of the research team are organizing a Doctoral Workshop on Roman Epigraphy at the Casa de Velázquez (Madrid) and at the University of Alcalá, home of the Centro CIL II, from 20 to 22 February 2019.

    Dans le cadre du projet de préparer les fascicules pertinents de la nouvelle édition du CIL, II qui traitent des inscriptions de la colonie d’Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Espagne), les membres de l’équipe de recherche organisent une École Thématique doctoral sur l’épigraphie romaine à la Casa de Velázquez et à l’Université d’Alcalá, où se trouve le Centre CIL II, les 20, 21 et 22 février 2019.

    En el contexto del proyecto de preparar los fascículos pertinentes de la edición nueva del CIL II, que presentan las inscripciones de la colonia Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Espagne), los miembros del equipo de investigación organizan un Taller doctoral sobre epigrafía romana en la Casa de Velázquez y en la Universidad de Alcalá, donde se localiza el Centro CIL II, los días 20, 21 y 22 de febrero de 2019.

    Coordination: Antonio Alvar Ezquerra (Universidad de Alcalá), Jonathan Edmondson (York University)

    Organisation: École des hautes études hispaniques et ibériques (Casa de Velázquez, Madrid), Universidad de Alcalá

    Collaboration: Centro CIL II (Alcalá de Henares), Consorcio Ciudad Monumental de Mérida, Museo Nacional de Arte Romano de Mérida, York University (Toronto), Fundación Pastor de Estudios Clásicos (Madrid), Universidad de Cantabria


    Deadine for Applications/ Date limite de l’appel de candidatures  / Fecha límite para la presentación de solicitudes :

                21 January 2019, 6.00 p.m. (local time, Madrid)

                21 janvier 2019, 18h (heure locale, Madrid)

                21 de enero de 2019, 18:00 h. (hora local, Madrid)


    Applications may be made via the links below (in French, Spanish and English):

    Vous trouverez ci-dessous les liens définitifs d’accès à l’appel à candidatures dans les trois langues (français, espagnol, anglais):

    Formulario de solicitudes de inscripción (en tres idiomas: español, inglés y francés) disponible a través del siguiente enlace:

    Practical Details

    The sessions will take place in Madrid on 20-21 February, 2019, and in Alcalá de Henares on 22 February. The organizing institutions will arrange transport between both centres. Registration is free. Accommodation in double rooms at the Casa de Velázquez, as well as breakfast and lunch, will be provided by the workshop organizations. Individual participants will be responsible for their own transport costs to Madrid from their places of origin. 

    The sessions will comprise practical lectures offered by a team of tutors on how to handle epigraphic sources and how to use and exploit them effectively in historical research. The languages of the workshop will be Spanish, French, English and Portuguese. 

    Applicants, who must be current doctoral students, will be informed whether their applications have been accepted by January 25, 2019 at the latest. 

    Conditions pratiques

    Les sessions auront lieu à Madrid (20 et 21 février) et à Alcalá de Henares (22 février). Les organisateurs offrent le transport entre les deux établissements. L’inscription est gratuite. L’hébergement en chambre double partagée à la Casa de Velázquez, le petit déjeuner et le déjeuner sont à la charge de l’organisation. Le transport jusqu’à Madrid depuis les lieux d’origine est à la charge des personnes inscrites.

    Les sessions consistent en des leçons pratiques données par les formateurs sur la gestion des sources épigraphiques, leur utilisation et leur exploitation. Les langues utilisées seront l’espagnol, le français, l’anglais et le portugais.

    Les candidats (doctorants) seront informés de leur acceptation ou non de leur candidature avant le 25 janvier 2019.

    Condiciones prácticas

    Las sesiones tendrán lugar en Madrid (día 20 y 21 de febrero) y en Alcalá de Henares (día 22). La organización facilita el transporte entre ambas sedes. La inscripción es gratuita. El alojamiento en habitación doble en la Casa de Velázquez, desayuno y almuerzo corren por cuenta de la organización. El transporte hasta Madrid desde los lugares de origen es responsabilidad de  los inscritos.

    Las sesiones consisten en lecciones prácticas impartidas por los formadores sobre manejo de fuentes epigráficas, su uso y explotación. Los idiomas empleados serán el español, francés, inglés y portugués.

    Los solicitantes (estudiantes de doctorado) serán informados sobre su aceptación antes del día 25 de enero de 2019.

    The post Doctoral Workshop on Roman Epigraphy (Madrid, February 20-22) appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

    The Archaeology News Network

    A new mechanism helps explain differences between eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes

    What makes distinct species have different proteins? Is there a key that allows eukaryotic cells to produce proteins involved in multicellularity that are mostly absent in prokaryotes? Maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree based on ADAT2 and ADAT3 amino acid sequences [Credit: Molecular Biology and Evolution]These are some of the questions addressed by the scientists headed by ICREA researcher Lluís Ribas, group leader of the Gene...

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    Jim Davila (

    Armenia! Exhibition reviewed in NYRB

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    Where did we get archangels?

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    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Queen, Progressive Rock, and Theology

    I wanted to preface my review of the movie Bohemiah Rhapsody (which I posted yesterday) with some of the thoughts and interest I brought with me to the movie. But I soon saw that those would make much more sense in a separate post, and so I am including them here. I’ve begun working on […]

    The Archaeology News Network

    Responses of benthic foraminifera to changes of temperature and salinity

    Benthic foraminifera are widely used as paleoenvironmental proxies because of their high sensitivity to environmental changes and excellent preservation potential in sediment. Affected by global changes, environmental factors such as seawater temperature and salinity are changing, which will affect the distribution and species composition of benthic foraminifera. A recent study revealed how the benthic foraminiferal community respond...

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