Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

August 23, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

8th-Century Settlement Discovered Southwest of Dublin

SALLINS, IRELAND—Archaeologists working at a bypass construction site near the village of Sallins in County Kildare have made a host of discoveries dating back over 1,000 years, according to a report in the Leinster Leader. Excavations have revealed layers of the area's history from post-medieval roads to prehistoric cremations, including evidence of an 8th-century settlement on the banks of the River Liffey. According to Noel Dunne, an archaeologist with Transport Infrastructure Ireland, the enclosure complex is marked by a series of roughly six-and-a-half-foot-deep ditches and has produced artifacts such as rings, pins, a book clasp with a design similar to the St. Brigid's cross, and the remains of a very large guard dog. To read more about the archaeology of early medieval Ireland, go to “The Vikings in Ireland.”

August 22, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

Egyptian Solar Boat Beam Damaged During Excavation

Egypt Khufu Boat MuseumCAIRO, EGYPT—Archaeologists and restorers traveled to the Giza Plateau to investigate the condition of one of the beams of a solar boat buried along with the pharaoh Khufu, which was damaged during an excavation, according to a report from Ahram Online. A Japanese-Egyptian team has been working since 2010 to lift, restore, and reconstruct the boat, which was buried around 4,500 years ago as part of Khufu’s burial rites. In all, 745 out of 1,264 pieces of the boat have been removed so far from the excavation pit. One of the boat’s beams was damaged by a malfunctioning crane. According to Ayman Ashmawi, head of the Ancient Egyptian Department at the Ministry of Antiquities, the damage appears to be easily reparable. The boat will ultimately be reconstructed and put on display alongside a previously excavated Khufu boat. Both boats were part of the pharaoh’s extensive grave goods, intended for use in the afterlife. To read about another discovery dating to the reign of Khufu, go to “World’s Oldest Port.”

Ritual Canaanite Artifacts Unearthed in Israel

Zoomorphic FigurinesTEL BURNA, ISRAEL—Haaretz reports that archaeologists digging at the ancient Canaanite city of Libnah have unearthed artifacts that they say demonstrate a large building served as a temple there some 3,200 years ago. Led by Ariel University archaeologist Itzhaq Shai, the team first unearthed the fifty-foot-long building in 2009 and speculated at the time that it might have had a ritual role. This summer, during further excavation of the structure, the team discovered a ritual stone pillar, ceramic masks, and cultic vessels that have bolstered their initial interpretation, says Shai. In addition to goblets and zoomorphic vessels, the team also unearthed ceramic vessels from Cyprus, including two pithoi, or massive ceramic storage jars. “Since the pithoi were discovered in the same context as the cultic vessels, we assume these were also part of this activity,” said Shai. To read more, go to “Egypt’s Final Redoubt in Canaan.”

Brice C. Jones

A Recent Visit to the University of Michigan Papyrology Collection

P46, epistle of Paul, papyrus
I’ve just returned from the University of Michigan, where I spent a little time examining some manuscripts housed in their Papyrology Collection, the largest such collection in North America and the fifth largest in the world.
I have worked on quite a few manuscripts in the Michigan collection but have never had the opportunity to visit the collection in person. It was, needless to say, a very wonderful experience to see both new papyri and some that are very familiar to me. I want to thank Prof. Arthur Verhoogt and Dr. Brendan Haug for the invitation to visit and for being such warm hosts.

Left to right: Dr. Brendan Haug, me, Prof. Arthur Verhoogt
P46, papyrus 46, epistle, paul
P46, opening of the Epistle to the Ephesians
P.Mich. inv. 3535a, papyri at Michigan
Looking at P.Mich. inv. 3535b, three fragments of the pastoral epistles, which I published in 2014.
It was exciting to see the personal notes and transcriptions of Elinor Husselman, Traianos Gagos, and others who have left their mark on the collection, whose history is told in Verhoogt’s forthcoming book, Discarded, Discovered, Collected: The University of Michigan Papyrus Collection (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2017). I got a tour of the papyrus “vault” and saw the many boxes, shelves, and lockers containing manuscripts. What a beautiful sight!
There are many papyri that remain unpublished in this collection, so there is a lot of work to be done. Most have not been digitized. As with any large collection, there are thousands of small, unidentified fragments. There are also some larger, more complete ones that have not yet been published. I found an interesting unpublished Coptic papyrus just going through one of the folders. The Coptic materials have historically been subordinated to the Greek materials, and it is very clear that Michigan has scores of unstudied and unpublished Coptic texts. Though it has been studied some and cited, P.Mich. inv. 3992 (a Coptic codex containing parts of John, the Pauline Epistles, Psalms, and Isaiah) really needs to be published—a book project for someone out there.  
I am working on several papyri in the collection and I hope to be able to share some more news about this in the coming weeks.

Current Epigraphy

L’Année épigraphique 2014

Mireille Corbier (, directeur de L’Année épigraphique, fait savoir que L’Année épigraphique 2014 (1661 notices et 1000 pages dont 230 pages d’index) a été publiée en août 2017 et est disponible. Les commandes doivent être adressées aux Presses Universitaires de France (

Mireille Corbier (, director of L’Année épigraphique, announces that L’Année épigraphique 2014 (containing 1661 entries, and 1000 pages, including 230 pages of index) was published in August, 2017, and is now available. Orders should be sent to Presses Universitaires de France at

The Heroic Age

International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 2-5 July 2018
Call for Papers: Per corpora… Medieval Latin and Corpora
Session 1: What Corpus for Medieval Studies?
Session 2: Vocabulary of Memory

Bruno Bon (Dictionary of Medieval Latin, Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, CNRS)
Krzysztof Nowak (Dictionary of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, PAS)

Building on the experience of the session organized during the IMC 2016 we are seeking to propose two sessions for the upcoming IMC 2018 that would focus on building and using electronic corpora in Medieval Latin studies. Our idea is to stimulate discussion and to integrate the community of both seasoned users and creators of digital tools, as well as those who are taking their first steps in the corpus-based research. We believe that the IMC offers a great opportunity for such discussion since the event gathers scholars of a wide range of expertise who can help us to understand better what tools do scholars need and what are the research questions they expect corpora to answer.
The first session is intended to focus on more general questions of corpus creation, while the second, following closely the IMC 2018 topic ("Memory"), aims at showing how corpora can be practically used in Medieval Latin research.

Proposals should be addressed by 15 September 2017 to and
A detailed CfP can be found at:


Après une première expérience en 2016, nous souhaitons proposer deux sessions pour l’édition IMC 2018, sur la construction et l’utilisation des corpus textuels électroniques dans les études médiévales, en associant des utilisateurs et créateurs confirmés d’outils numériques à ceux qui font leurs premiers pas dans la recherche sur les corpus. L’IMC offre une belle occasion à ce genre de discussion, car l'événement rassemble des spécialistes de nombreuses disciplines, aptes à signaler les outils qui leur sont nécessaires, et à préciser les questions qu’ils posent à leurs corpus.
La 1ère session traitera des questions générales sur la création de corpus textuels, pendant que la seconde, suivant le thème annuel de l’IMC ("Memory"), étudiera des cas d’utilisation pratique des corpus textuels dans la recherche en latin médiéval.

La proposition doit être envoyée au plus tard le 15 septembre 2017 conjointement à et
Details de l'appel à communications : 

Penn Museum Blog

European Archaeology as Anthropology, edited by Pam J. Crabtree and Peter Bogucki

European Archaeology as Anthropology Essays in Memory of Bernard Wailes

An edited book in honor of a living scholar is a common type of publication. There is even a fancy German word for it, a Festschrift. This book is a memorial volume, which also has its own special term, a Gedenkschrift. The chapters in this book were compiled in remembrance of Bernard Wailes, a beloved colleague in the Anthropology Department at the University of Pennsylvania who specialized in European archaeology. The majority of authors in the book were students of Bernard at one point or another. Although I never had the privilege of having a class with Bernard, he was still very much around the department and had the office that adjoined my graduate advisor’s, allowing me to get to know him and appreciate what a genuinely nice human being he was. Because of the purpose of this book and the people involved, it was an honor to have a hand in bringing it to publication.

The 10 chapters in this volume are wide-ranging, discussing topics such as genes and language, coins, agriculture, zooarchaeology, human osteology, state formation, and social complexity. Although the focus is largely on European archaeological case studies, the essential point of the book is that European archaeology need not be partitioned from broader anthropological discourse and that it has significant bearing on studying the rise of complex societies outside of Europe as well. Bernard himself was a meticulous reader and editor, which is reflected in the quality of the writing here.

Design Features

This book follows our conference volume style, which is a 6 x 9″ trim size with color dustjacket. The site Bernard is primarily associated with is Dún Ailinne in Ireland. When it came to choosing a photo for the dustjacket, the editors felt that this site would make an appropriate image. The first submission featured a jaunty group of cows standing in front of the site mound, however, it wasn’t of suitable resolution for the cover. In the end, the book ended up with a beautiful aerial shot of the mound. If you look closely, you might even see some animals grazing in the fields.


As a biological anthropologist, Rachel Scott’s chapter on health in early medieval Ireland (ca. 400–1200 CE) was one of my favorite parts of this book. It is a well-written and compelling comparative survey of health across several archaeological populations. Working with and getting to know Pam Crabtree and Peter Bogucki was another wonderful aspect of this volume. Both are insightful, interesting scholars and truly lovely people. Start to finish, this book was a pleasure to work on and I hope people will check it out!

Anatomy of a Book

Page Selinsky, Ph.D. is a biological anthropologist by training, but her primary job these days is Editor for Museum Publications. In this capacity, she has the privilege of working on the editing and design of books published by the Penn Museum. Her blog posts endeavor to pique your interest about our new titles.

Further reading: Be sure to check out Peter Bogucki’s post on the Penn Press Blog:

Museum Publications of interest

Johnston, Susan A. and Bernard Wailes. 2007. Dún Ailinne: Excavations at an Irish Royal Site, 1968–1975.

Wailes, Bernard, ed. 1996. Craft Specialization and Social Evolution: In Memory of V. Gordon Childe

  • Photograph of Bernard Wailes by Janet Monge
  • Dún Ailinne with cows by Pam J. Crabtree
  • Aerial view of Dún Ailinne by Frank Coyne, Aegis Archaeology

ArcheoNet BE

Merovingisch huis in Brugge zet zijn deuren open op vrijdag 25 augustus

Op vrijdag 25 augustus staat de reconstructie van het Merovingisch huis aan het woonzorgcentrum Hallenhuis in Brugge open voor iedereen met een hart voor archeologie en geschiedenis. Jong en oud duiken er samen met de archeologen van Raakvlak in het vroegmiddeleeuwse leven. Op het programma staan onder meer workshops munten slaan en vlechten met wilgentenen voor kinderen, je kunt wol verven en Merovingisch koken, op de foto gaan in Merovingische kledij…

De opendeurnamiddag vindt plaats op vrijdag 25 augustus van 14u tot 20u aan WZC Hallenhuis (Pastoriestraat 1B, 8200 Sint-Andries, Brugge). Toegang gratis.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Throwback Teaching Tuesday

I still get excited about the first day of a new academic year or a new semester. I have a pocketful of new pens, some new ideas for my classes, and the naive optimism that this semester, it’ll all be different. Sometimes I even feel like a baseball player who knows that small changes in my swing, my stance, my head position or follow through is the difference between batting .300 and hanging below the Mendoza line

What makes this all the more interesting for me is that I’m probably teaching my big History 101: Western Civilization I class for the last time in the Scale-Up classroom. I’ve been blogging about this for a few years now and you can follow the development of this class here. I have a half-baked article that’s been rejected a few times that I still have an itch to send out somewhere, and maybe the end of this semester and the final opportunity to teach this iteration of the course marks as good a time as any to refine my thinking, revise this article, and send it out again.

I’m also teaching History 240: The Historians’ Craft which is our required mid-level course for history majors. This is course that I last taught in 2014 and I’m dusting off my 5 year old version of the class to fill in for a colleague on leave. I’ll be interested to see how much I still can engage the course and how much I end up changing it on the fly. 

Finally, I am working with a small group of graduate students to put together a course that I’ll teach in the spring on the history of the latest round of budget cuts at the university. We have collected bibliography and primary sources over the summer and plan to produce a little source reader for the course in the spring with thoughtful introductions that locate various documents in the history of higher education and the history of UND. 

So despite teaching a couple retread and a practically minded class, I do have a few casual teaching goals for the next three or four months that I’ll try to track here on the ole blog as much to keep myself honest as to keep my rapidly diminishing audience engaged in my carrying on.

1. Content and Engagement. I started teaching in the Scale-Up classroom largely because I struggled to get students engaged in my survey-level History 101 class. Now, I have student engagement in spades, but I realize that I need to continually step up my game in delivering meaningful content.

Over the last five years, I’ve focused on the role of argument building in the historical discourse and suggesting that this a “signature pedagogy” for history and a genuine threshold concept for students. The goal of the class then is to get students to marshal historical evidence and deploy it in defense of a historical thesis. And to do this over and over again until they start to recognize that the strength of a historical argument rests in the tension between the evidence and the thesis. This also fits into the curricular compromise on teaching writing present at some many larger state universities. While all courses in the humanities have the responsibility to teach reading and writing skills, many of them are too large to teach them comprehensively (from style, grammar, and tone to content, argument, and structure). Large classes can, however, teach certain aspects of good writing, particularly those elements that involve the organization of complex bit of information to support an argument, but have to overlook things like the fine points of style that require constant, incremental remediation and refinement.

The challenge is, of course, creating opportunities for concepts and practices to be reinforced without making the class repetitive. With engagement being high, I feel like I have a bit more flexibility in how many times I repeat a basic exercise (i.e. like producing an outline to support a solid thesis statement), but I’d also like to change our weekly routine a bit. I am not terribly optimistic that I’ll find the balance between repetition and familiarity and tedium, but I’ll certainly try. 

2. Rapport. Leading into my small History 240 class (capped at 20 right now), I have thought more and more about the need to build rapport with our majors especially in light of recent studies that demonstrate retention and success at the university level depends in significant ways on personal connections between faculty and students. This, predictably, has led to numerous efforts by administrators to mandate personal interaction between students and faculty and to balance the needs maintaining a kind of professional standing around students, as well as allowing them to feel comfortable enough to build rapport.

With the enrollment in my History 240 class capped at 20, there are few structural barriers to engaging students on an individual level, but it involve breaking through both an aspect of professional distance between faculty and students and the typical reticence common to our students here on the Northern Plains. The class tends to be difficult with aspects of rigorous lecture-and-reading based coursework and aspects of independent research. That can, in the best of circumstances, invite a collaborative spirit (i.e. we’re all in this together) and at worst breed resentment and disfunction. And the more I do to self-consciously build rapport, the less likely it will happen. Students are pretty sensitive to any effort to promote a particular “college experience ™.”  

3. The End of the Line. Both History 240 and History 101 are at the very end of their productive lives as courses. I will almost certainly keep teaching these courses from time to time, I will do them different. For History 101, I’m thinking of offering it to smaller classes (capped at 40 or 50 instead of 150), shifting it from an emphasis on method back toward an emphasis on certain kinds of content, and perhaps trying to offer multiple sections each semester with significant differences between the classes.

For History 240, I’m not sure what my plan here is. I suspect that I’ll teach it from time to time, but don’t, at present, have a plan for revising the class.

All this is to say that I need to find a way to keep some momentum down the stretch and glean from these classes things that I can apply in future courses. I’ll journal it as I have thoughts here on the blog.

Turkish Archaeological News

Gazi Mihal Bridge in Edirne

Gazi Mihal Bridge in Edirne

Gazi Mihal Bridge (tr. Gazi Mihal Köprüsü), over the Tunca River, is the oldest bridge in Edirne. However, the original 13th-century construction has been substantially changed as the result of several redevelopments.

ArcheoNet BE

Mini-expo over de Antwerpse citadel in het FelixArchief

In 1881 verdwenen de laatste resten van de Citadel of het Zuidkasteel van Antwerpen. De dwangburcht, gebouwd op bevel van de hertog van Alva, was niet meer. De vrijgekomen gronden werden gebruikt voor de aanleg van een nieuwe wijk: het Zuid. In een minitentoonstelling zet het FelixArchief vanaf vandaag de bouw van de citadel, het leven binnen haar muren, de gebeurtenissen van 1832 en de ontwikkeling van de nieuwe wijk in de kijker. Naast de gebruikelijke archiefdocumenten worden ook archeologische vondsten getoond. De expo loopt tot en met 13 oktober tijdens de openingsuren van het FelixArchief.

AIA Fieldnotes

Archaeology Family Day

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by Intistute of Archaeology, Charles University
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 21, 2017

Institute of Archaeology, Charles University prepared interesting and enjoyable all day program for kids as well as for adults in the University campus Karolinum. Visitors will have opportunity to put hands on specific artifacts, talk to the specialists and to try some activities of past humans. Those interested will learn more during our series of mini-lectures on interesting even shocking archae topics.


Renata Šmidtová
Call for Papers: 

International Archaeology Day Festival

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by National Museum
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 21, 2017

The National Museum invites the general public to enjoy the Internatinal Archaeology Day with it's group of archaeologists. Thez will take you back in time and down to the dirt to find your humane roots and history. Ranging from prehistory, classical antiquity to Middle Ages you can experience activities, thoughts, knowledge and artifacts of our ancestors.


Pavel Titz
Call for Papers: 

ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

Sunlight and Shade in the First Cities – A Sensory Archaeology of Early Iraq

By: Mary Shepperson There are two periods of about five days each, one in the Spring and one in the Autumn, when the weather in southern Iraq is quite nice. Outside of those brief pleasant interludes, it’s either cold, windy and rainy, or roasting, windy and dusty. In the past, before electric heaters and air conditioning, […]

The post Sunlight and Shade in the First Cities – A Sensory Archaeology of Early Iraq appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Ancient perfumery found in Turkey's southeast

A perfumery and many perfume bottles have been unearthed in one of the oldest settlements in the...

Compitum - publications

A. Rabin et L. Felsen, The Disputatio puerorum. A Ninth-Century Monastic Instructional Text


Andrew Rabin et Liam Felsen, The Disputatio puerorum. A Ninth-Century Monastic Instructional Text, Toronto, 2017.

Éditeur : Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
Collection : Toronto Medieval Latin Texts 34
102 pages
ISBN : 978-0-88844-484-4
17.50 €

A school dialogue most likely composed in southeastern Germany in the early ninth century, the Disputatio puerorum offers a vivid and direct glimpse into the sort of instruction received by monastic novices and oblates in abbey schools of the Carolingian and Holy Roman Empires. Its question-and-answer format between students and master deploys an elementary Latin that would have consolidated linguistic skills at the same time as offering instruction on the nature of body and soul, the books of the Old and New Testaments, the Mass, and the Lord's Prayer. The text's intrinsic interest for historians of early medieval education is matched by its usefulness to modern students as a short course in what constituted basic cultural literacy in the monastic schoolrooms of the ninth through eleventh centuries, as drawn above all from the works of Isidore of Seville, but also from Augustine, Gregory the Great, Bede, and Alcuin.


Source :

James Clackson et al. (Greek in Italy)

‘Greek in Italy’ in Norfolk

; cfAlthough a two-week family holiday in North Norfolk was not going to be an epigraphic extravaganza on the same scale as Nick’s visit to Naples, it did provide a reminder to blog about Greek in inscriptions now in Norfolk and some online resources. That said, we happened to see the famous dialect roadsigns that instruct ‘Slow you down!’ (with thanks to the Daily Telegraph).


Some months ago, a friend and colleague asked me about Latin manuscripts at Holkham Hall, of which there are many. At that, I searched Trismegistos, the database of databases for Greek, Latin, and Demotic texts from Egypt (to say the least) for Holkham Hall, as a Trismegistos Collection. The Latin manuscripts fall outside the coverage of Trismegistos, but two Latin inscriptions were reported.

Both are from Rome, both are funerary inscriptions, and both date to early in the second century AD (one may be slightly earlier).


CIL VI 2 14155

CIL VI.3 24008

Thanks to Trismegistos’ own data and its links to Clauss-Slaby (14155 and 24008) and the Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy/the Epigraphic Database Roma (14155 and 24008), full details of the two marbles and the images above can readily be accessed.

Neither inscription involves any Greek sentence, phrases, or script, but there is ‘Greek in Italy’ here nonetheless in the names. 14155.3-5 mentions a Calpurnia Chrysis mater. 24008 reads in full:

D(is) M(anibus) / Petronio / Hedychro / vix(it) an(nos) XXXV m(enses) VI d(ies) VII / Petronia Trophime / conliberto idem / coniugi suo b(ene) m(erenti) fec(it).

‘To the Spirits of the Departed: for Petronius Hedychrus; he lived for 35 years, 6 months, and seven days. Petronia Trophime made <this> for her fellow freedperson and “spouse” alike, who was well-deserving’.

Chrysis is a Greek name (the <ch> and <y> are classic giveaway indications of non-Latin words), as are Hedychrus (<ch> and <y> again – Ἡδύχρους; LGPN omits this bearer) and Trophime (<ph> is one indicator). In Trophime we see also a non-Latin ending. The first-declension nominative singular ends in –a (as in Petronia), but here we have –e as a transliteration of Greek <η>, the equivalent ending for the Greek first declension. One Τροφίμᾱ with -α, the Greek first-declension dialect ending, is also known to the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names.

These three – Goldie, M(aste)r Sweet-Fleshed, and Miss Foster(ed) or Miss Plump – look like slave names, a suggestion corroborated by conliberto ‘fellow freedperson’.

The name Ἡδύχρους (or -χροος) looks like a poetic epithet, as, indeed, it was: GVI 1595.13-14 [Rome, perhaps second century AD]; cf. IG XII, 1 781.4 [Rhodes; second century AD], which has a dative -χροι from a by form in -χρως. However, it was also the name of a perfume. As such, it is also a Greek word known first from a Latin text: Cicero, Tusculan Disputations III 46.

The manuscripts there all have hedyc(r)um (one has aedicrum). Although the <h> and the  <y> were preserved, there is no trace of the <ch>. Whether Cicero spelled it with <c> or with a <ch> that has been lost in transmission, we cannot know. OLD printed the headword as hedycrum with <c>, not <ch>; some texts have the <ch> restored, as LSJ gives it.

Also, –crum indicates that the substantive (like the personal name) was borrowed into Latin from a variety of Greek that has the contraction -χρους, not the uncontracted form -χροος. (Galen has both -χροον and -χρουν).

So much, for now, for Greek in Italy via Norfolk and this experiment with ‘linked data’.

Jim Davila (

Israeli schoolgirl finds ancient half-shekel coin

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Clara Oswald’s New Travel Companion

It will be good to fill the break in Doctor Who episodes (as we eagerly await its return for the Christmas special) with other things related to the show (for instance, finally completing my series blogging through every single episode from the classic show). But first, let me offer a bit of speculation about how fans […]

Jim Davila (

Joseph and Aseneth: questions of provenance

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Annual bloggers' dinner at #AARSBL17

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Review of "Faces of Power" coin exhibition

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2017.08.37: The First Urban Churches 2: Roman Corinth. Writings from the Greco-Roman world Supplement series, 8

Review of James R. Harrison, L. L. Welborn, The First Urban Churches 2: Roman Corinth. Writings from the Greco-Roman world Supplement series, 8. Atlanta: 2016. Pp. xvi, 353. $51.95 (pb). ISBN 9780884141112.

2017.08.36: Ammianus' Julian. Narrative and Genre in the Res Gestae. Oxford Classical Monographs

Review of Alan J. Ross, Ammianus' Julian. Narrative and Genre in the Res Gestae. Oxford Classical Monographs. Oxford; New York: 2016. Pp. xvii, 253. $105.00. ISBN 9780198784951.

2017.08.35: The Gods of Greek Hexameter Poetry: From the Archaic Age to Late Antiquity and Beyond. Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge, 56

Review of James J. Clauss, Martine Cuypers, Ahuvia Kahane, The Gods of Greek Hexameter Poetry: From the Archaic Age to Late Antiquity and Beyond. Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge, 56​. Stuttgart: 2016. Pp. xiv, 472. €69.00 (pb). ISBN 9783515115230.

2017.08.34: Early States, Territories and Settlements in Protohistoric Central Italy. Proceedings of a specialist conference at the Groningen Institute of Archaeology of the University of Groningen, 2013. Corollaria Crustumina, 2

Review of Peter Attema, Jorn Seubers, Sarah Willemsen, Early States, Territories and Settlements in Protohistoric Central Italy. Proceedings of a specialist conference at the Groningen Institute of Archaeology of the University of Groningen, 2013. Corollaria Crustumina, 2. Groningen: 2016. Pp. x, 152. €42.00 (pb). ISBN 9789491431999.

2017.08.33: On Roman Religion: Lived Religion and the Individual in Ancient Rome. Townsend lectures / Cornell studies in classical philology

Review of Jörg Rüpke, On Roman Religion: Lived Religion and the Individual in Ancient Rome. Townsend lectures / Cornell studies in classical philology. Ithaca; London: 2016. Pp. x, 198. $49.95 (pb). ISBN 9781501704703.

2017.08.32: The newest Sappho: P. Sapph. Obbink and P. GC inv. 105, Frs. 1-4. Studies in archaic and classical Greek song, vol. 2. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 392

Review of Anton Bierl, André Lardinois, The newest Sappho: P. Sapph. Obbink and P. GC inv. 105, Frs. 1-4. Studies in archaic and classical Greek song, vol. 2. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 392. Leiden; Boston: 2016. Pp. xv, 543. $223.00. ISBN 9789004311626.

Compitum - publications

G. Ems et M. Minet (éd.), Les Arts poétiques du XIIIe au XVIIe siècle


Grégory Ems et Mathieu Minet (éd.), Les Arts poétiques du XIIIe au XVIIe siècle. Tensions et dialogue entre théorie et pratique, Turnhout, 2017.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Latinitates, 10
338 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-52991-2
90 €

La notion d'« Art poétique » recouvre une réalité plurielle et protéiforme : les ouvrages ainsi qualifiés se proposent, selon les âges et les contextes, de catégoriser, de normaliser ou de canoniser les pratiques poétiques. Entre la pratique et la théorisation au sens large se jouent dès lors des rapports complexes, qu'interrogent les seize contributions regroupées dans ce volume, où cette problématique est envisagée selon un large spectre de périodes et de langues, mais également dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire.

Lire la suite...

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Les  études de terrain de la nécropoles d’Ust-Alma en 2008-2014

Puzdrovskij A.E. et A. A. Trufanov (2016) : Полевые исследования Усть-Альминского некрополя в 2008-2014 гг. / Polevye issledovanija Ust’-Al’minskogo nekropolja v 2008-2014 gg., Simferopol [Les  études de terrain de la nécropoles d’Ust-Alma en 2008-2014]. Cette nécropole de l’époque scythe tardive … Lire la suite

Archaeology Magazine

Wreckage of USS Indianapolis Discovered in Philippine Sea

1920px USS Indianapolis CA 35 underway at sea on 27 September 1939 80 G 425615PHILLIPINE SEA, NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN—The Indianapolis Star reports that a group sponsored by the billionaire Paul Allen has succeeded in discovering the wreckage of USS Indianapolis, which sank following a Japanese torpedo attack on July 30, 1945. The 13-person team working from Allen's 250-foot research ship, R/V Petrel, said the wreckage was found at a depth of more than 18,000 feet. Indianapolis, a heavy cruiser carrying 1,197 sailors and Marines, was sailing back to the Philippines after delivering components for "Little Boy," the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in Japan on August 6, 1945. While 900 crewmen appear to have made it through the initial sinking, only 316 survived to be rescued when help arrived five days later on Aug. 2, 1945. The find comes after a recent break in the search, in July of 2016, when the Naval History and Heritage Command Communication and Outreach Division reported that a sailor had confirmed that a tank landing ship, LST-779, had passed the Indianapolis 11 hours before the torpedo struck. That account was confirmed by deck logs and narrowed the search area to just 600 square miles of open sea. According to the report, Allen’s team is still surveying the site of the wreckage and plans to conduct a live tour of the wreckage in the next few weeks. The crew is also working with the Navy on plans to honor the remaining 22 USS Indianapolis crew members and families of crew members. To read more about underwater recovery efforts, go to "Naval Mystery Solved.

Dorothy King (PhDiva)

A possible way to resolve looting?

I will write this up for a friend's publication, but essentially since the business side of the art market is key, the simplest resolution seems to me to be one using financial tools.

A few thoughts can be found in this Twitter thread. It's just a series of ideas:  

Archaeology Magazine

220-Year-Old Refugee Camp Found Near Galway

Bog Corrakyle 295799

GALWAY, IRELAND—Accoring to a report in the Irish Times, archaeologists working in southeast Galway’s Slieve Aughty Mountains have discovered the remains of a refugee camp dating to the 1790s, when a group of Catholics from the island's northern Ulster province, the majority of which remains a part of the United Kingdom, were forced south during a sectarian war within the linen industry. Galway community archaeologist Christy Cunniffe believes a series of circular ditches dug around hut foundations on land owned by a local farmer, which researchers initially thought might date back to the Bronze age, are evidence of temporary camps built by Ultachs, Catholics who fled persecution by a group of violent Protestant agitators known as the "Peep-O-Boys" or "Peep o' Day Boys." According to Cunniffe, as many as 7,000 Catholics, mostly from County Armagh, are believed to have been discplaced after intense competition in the linen industry exploded across sectarian lines, resulting in one of the largest internal migrations in recent Irish history. For more on the archaeology in Ireland, go to "Samhain Revival.

August 21, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

Ancient Trade Network Identified in Vietnam

Vietnam Trade NetworkMEKONG DELTA, VIETNAM—Archaeologists excavating a site in southern Vietnam have discovered evidence for a previously unknown 4,500-year-old trading network, reports VnExpress. Led by Australian National University archaeologist Catherine Frieman, the team discovered stone axes at a site in the region of Rach Nui, which has no stone resources of its own. “We knew some artifacts were being moved around, but this shows evidence for a major trade network that also included specialist tool-makers and technological knowledge,” said Friema. “This isn't a case of people producing a couple of extra items on top of what they need. It's a major operation.” For more on archaeology in Southwest Asia, go to “Letter from Laos: A Singular Landscape.”

Portrait of Young Woman Revealed in Herculaneum

Herculaneum Portrait XrayWASHINGTON, D.C.—A previously unstudied portrait of a Roman woman in Herculaneum, which was destroyed in A.D. 79 by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, has been revealed using a portable X-ray fluorescence machine, according to a report from Seeker. Excavations in the nineteenth century uncovered much of Herculaneum, including the “House of the Mosaic Atrium,” where the portrait was found. Analysis by Eleonora Del Federico, a chemistry professor at Pratt Institute, showed that a young woman was sketched with an iron-based pigment and then her eyes were highlighted using a lead-based pigment. High levels of potassium detected in the woman’s cheeks suggest a green earth-based pigment was used to help create a flesh-toned color. “We were very surprised at the complexity and sophistication of the painting technique, the use of color, mixture of pigments and layering,” Del Federico said. For more, go to “The Charred Scrolls of Herculaneum.”

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Eidolon: Eidolon makes the classics political and personal, feminist and fun

Eidolon: Eidolon makes the classics political and personal, feminist and fun
Eidolon makes the classics political and personal, feminist and fun.
Classics, as a discipline, could be more of these things, and we’re determined to make that happen. We publish on the main site about the ancient and modern world, pedagogy, pop culture, culture only classicists care about, issues in the field, etc., and occasionally on idle musings, our blog, about all sorts of nonsense and whimsy.

When we first launched in 2015, the fact that no equivalent publication existed gave us the freedom to make up the rules as we went along. We’ve come up with a few since then, and we’d like to share them with you as a new and improved Eidolon.

First, in the spirit of bringing politics into Classics, we’ll be clear about our own: we err on the progressive side, broadly defined but with the general sense of working from the margins and for the marginalized, encouraging cutting-edge scholarship, and tirelessly trying to improve whatever we’re doing. Feminism, also broadly defined (and inclusive!), is at the heart of our work, although that doesn’t necessarily restrict our content — indeed, the fact that “women’s topics” are seen as narrow while men’s topics are just “topics” is precisely part of the problem.

We welcome critique left and right, from the left and the right, and hope to encourage spirited debate. But make no mistake: we don’t believe that every opinion is equally valuable, and we don’t care about both sides, many sides, all sides, or backsides. “Objectivity” is often nothing more than a cover for upholding the status quo, and to hell with the status quo.

The logical extension of that is a commitment to opening up Classics to voices of all kinds at all levels in the field. The discourse has been monotonous for too long, and that’s not only unjust: it’s boring. We care about personal voices, we want to bring out idiosyncratic tones, volumes, pitches, cadences, and speeds in the articles that we publish.

We don’t want to eclipse the good work that the academy’s doing — we want to supplement it. We want to be just as intellectually rigorous, but we also want to take full advantage of the leeway to be freer and funnier than traditional scholarship.

Above all, we want to create a space where good ideas meet good writing. We believe in clarity, flair, and paying writers for their work; you can find our rates here.

Now have a read, have a think, and have a part in making Classics better.
ancient vs modern

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Sophisticated farming techniques found at 700 year-old Tanzanian site

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Archaeologist finds 200-year-old Galway ‘refugee camp’

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Turkish Archaeological News

Selimiye Mosque in Edirne

Selimiye Mosque in Edirne

Selimiye Mosque is the most important and, at the same time, the most famous historical monument of Edirne - a city located in the European part of Turkey. This Ottoman imperial mosque was designed by Mimar Sinan, the most distinguished architect of the Ottoman Empire, responsible for the erection of more than 300 buildings, including bridges, medreses, and mosques. Selimiye Mosque was constructed between 1566 and 1574, on the orders of Sultan Selim II, also known as "Selim the Drunkard".

The Heroic Age

CFP: ‘Early English Life Cycles’ (IMC Leeds, 2-5 July 2018)
(Deadline CFP: 15 September 2017)

We hope to bring together papers that deal with the human life cycle in Early English language and literature [c.500-c.1350] and show how this complex concept (with all of its biological, social and cultural aspects) influenced the lives, writings and artwork of the inhabitants of medieval England. Paper proposals are welcome from the following disciplines: literary studies, history, linguistics, onomastics and lexicography.

Possible topics/themes include but are not limited to:

-       Definitions, concepts, and constructions of the life cycle
-       The life course in literature and language
-       Individual remembrance of early life
-       Inherited cultural patterns for structuring experience
-       Constructions of narratives and expectations for past, present and future life.
-       Age and alterity
-       Age and gender
-       Intergenerational relations and/or conflicts
-       The life cycle and the Church
-       Saints in various stages of life
-       Care for the young, care for the elderly
-       Semantic field studies of (the various stages of) the human life course

Subsequent to the sessions we hope to publish the contributions as a volume of essays, with the goal of furthering interest in the topic.

Please send an abstract of no more than 300 words to Thijs Porck (Leiden University;>) and Hattie Soper (Cambridge University;>).

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Sino-Platonic Papers

[First posted 8/30/10. Most recently updated 21 August 2017]

Sino-Platonic Papers
ISSN: 2157-9679 (print)
ISSN: 2157-9687 (online)
Sino-Platonic Papers is an occasional series edited by Victor H. Mair of the University of Pennsylvania's Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations. The purpose of the series is to make available to specialists and the interested public the results of research that, because of its unconventional or controversial nature, might otherwise go unpublished.

Since issue no. 171 (June 2006), Sino-Platonic Papers has been published electronically on the Web at no cost to readers, with older back issues also being released periodically for free in e-editions. Paper copies of issues nos. 1–170 will continue to be available for purchase until our stock runs out, at which point those issues too will be available for free on the Web.
# Date Author Title Pp Price
271June 2017Christopher P. Atwood
University of Pennsylvania
The Textual History of Tao Zongyi’s Shuofu: Preliminary Results of Stemmatic Research on the Shengwu qinzheng lu70free
270June 2017Olivia Milburn
Seoul National University
The Chinese Mosquito: A Literary Theme50free
269May 2017Kristen Pearson
University of Pennsylvania
Chasing the Shaman’s Steed: The Horse in Myth from Central Asia to Scandinavia21free
268May 2017Julie Lee Wei
Palo Alto, California
Translator’s Preface to the English Translation of Mou Zongsan’s Nineteen Lectures on Chinese Philosophy17free
267March 2017William E. Mierse
University of Vermont
The Significance of the Central Asian Objects in the Shōsōin for Understanding the International Art Trade in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries52free
266Jan. 2017Eva Shan Chou
Baruch College, City University of New York
The End of Fiction, the Start of Politics: Lu Xun in 1926–192729free
265Jan. 2017Peng Peng
Princeton University
A Study on the Origin of Chinese Lost-wax Casting from the Perspectives of Art, Technology, and Social Agency48free
264Dec. 2016Victor H. Mair, ed.
University of Pennsylvania
Sinitic Language and Script in East Asia: Past and Presentvi, 202free
263Dec. 2016Brian R. Pellar
Boston, MA
The Foundation of Myth: A Unified Theory of the Link Between Seasonal/Celestial Cycles, the Precession, Theology, and the Alphabet/Zodiac, Part IIx, 186free
262Aug. 2016Chau H. Wu
Northbrook, IL
Patterns of Sound Correspondence between Taiwanese and Germanic/Latin/Greek/Romance Lexicons, Part I239free
261May 2016André Bueno
Rio de Janeiro State University
Roman Views of the Chinese in Antiquity21free
260Dec. 2015Lucas Christopoulos
Lausanne, Switzerland
Greek Influences on the Pazyryk-style Wrestling Motif of the Keshengzhuang Bronze Buckles13free
259Nov. 2015J. P. Mallory
Queen’s University, Belfast
The Problem of Tocharian Origins: An Archaeological Perspective63free
258Oct. 2015 Lyndon A. Arden-Wong
Macquarie University, Sydney
Irina A. Arzhantseva
Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Olga N. Inevatkina
State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow
Reflecting on the Rooftops of the Eastern Uighur Khaganate: A Preliminary Study of Uighur Roof Tiles72free
257May 2015ZHANG He
William Paterson University
The Terminology for Carpets in Ancient Central Asia35free
256April 2015Victor H. Mair, ed.
University of Pennsylvania
Language and Ideology in Nationalist and Communist China72free
255Feb. 2015Jens Østergaard Petersen
The Zuozhuan Story about Qi Xi’s Recommendations and Its Sources50free
254Jan. 2015Michael Turk
Paradise, California
Majiayao Legacy: A Neolithic Record of Astronomy, Acupuncture, and Midwifery67free
253Dec. 2014Alessandro Berio
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Celestial River: Identifying the Ancient Egyptian Constellations58free
252Dec. 2014L.S. Vasil'ev
Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow; the Higher School of Economics, Moscow
translated by Rostislav Berezkin
Fudan University, Shanghai
Dao and Brahman: The Phenomenon of Primordial Supreme Unity33free
251Aug. 2014Yu Taishan
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
The Name “Sakā”10free
250July 2014Andrew Chittick
Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida
Vernacular Languages in the Medieval Jiankang Empire25free
249June 2014Jonathan Ratcliffe
Monash University
Arimaspians and Cyclopes: The Mythos of the One-Eyed Man in Greek and Inner Asian Thought71free
248May 2014Catalin Anghelina
Columbus State Community College
On the Date of the Aryan Religion, and the Minoan Religion of the Bull16free
247April 2014Yu Taishan
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
The Sui Dynasty and the Western Regions24free
246April 2014Brian R. Pellar
Boston, Massachusetts
On the Origins of the Alphabet: New Evidence22free
245March 2014Gaby Bamana
University of Wales
Dogs and Herders: Mythical Kinship, Spiritual Analogy, and Sociality in Rural Mongolia18free
244Jan. 2014Norman Harry Rothschild
Sichuan University Center for Cooperative and Innovative Research and Development in the Humanities and Sciences, and the University of North Florida
Rhetoric of the Loom: Discursive Weaving Women in Chinese and Greek Traditions22free
243Dec. 2013Rostislav Berezkin
Fudan University
From Imperial Metaphor to Rebellious Deities: The History and Modern State of Western Studies of Chinese Popular Religion35free
242Nov. 2013YU Taishan
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
China and the Ancient Mediterranean World: A Survey of Ancient Chinese Sources268free
241Oct. 2013Catalin Anghelina
Columbus State Community College
On the Nature of the Vedic Gods198free
240Sept. 2013Miriam Robbins Dexter
Victor H. Mair
University of Pennsylvania
Sacred Display: New Findings122free
239Aug. 2013 Eric P. Hamp
University of Chicago
with Annotation and Comments by Douglas Q. Adams
University of Idaho
The Expansion of the Indo-European Languages: An Indo-Europeanist’s Evolving View14free
238 May
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania
with contributions by E. Bruce Brooks
University of Massachusetts
Was There a Xià Dynasty? 39 free
237 April
Victor H. Mair and Cheng FangyiUniversity of Pennsylvania and Tsinghua University Kungang (昆岗): The Making of an Imaginary Archaeological Culture 32 free
236 April
Wan Kong AnnTsinghua University Examining the Connection Between Ancient China and Borneo Through Santubong Archaeological Sites 18 free
235 March
Scott A. BarnwellLondon, Ontario, Canada The Evolution of the Concept of De in Early China 83 free
234 March
James M. HargettThe University at Albany, State University of New York 會稽: Guaiji? Guiji? Huiji? Kuaiji? Some Remarks on an Ancient Chinese Place-Name 32 free
233 Feb.
Johan ElverskogSouthern Methodist University China and the New Cosmopolitanism 30 free
232 Nov.
Huili ZhengSaint Vincent College Gendering Other: The Representation of Foreigners in Yesou puyan 39 free
231 Oct.
Heleanor FelthamUniversity of New South Wales Encounter with a Tiger Traveling West 29 free
230 Aug.
Lucas ChristopoulosKobe, Japan Hellenes and Romans in Ancient China (240 BC – 1398 AD) 79 free
229 Aug.
Joshua A. FogelYork University, Toronto New Thoughts on an Old Controversy: Shina as a Toponym for China 25 free
228 July
Victor H. Mair, ed.University of Pennsylvania The “Silk Roads” in Time and Space: Migrations, Motifs, and Materials 308 free
227 July
Hans LoeschnerVienna The Stūpa of the Kushan Emperor Kanishka the Great, with Comments on the Azes Era and Kushan Chronology 24 free
226 June
ZHOU YouguangBeijing To Inherit the Ancient Teachings of Confucius and Mencius and Establish Modern Confucianism 21 free
225 June
Patricia Eichenbaum KaretzkyBard College The Image of the Winged Celestial and Its Travels along the Silk Road 45 free
224 May
Victor H. Mair, ed.University of Pennsylvania Developments in Chinese Language and Script During the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries 130 free
223 April
Bertrand ArnaudParis Ecole Pratique des Hautes-Etudes Water Management in Jingjue Kingdom: The Transfer of a Water Tank System from Gandhara to Xinjiang in the Third and Fourth centuries C.E. 81 free
222 March
John R. McRae and Jan Nattier, eds.
Buddhism Across Boundaries: The Interplay of Indian, Chinese, and Central Asian Source Materials 260 free
221 Jan.
Conal BoyceCentury College The Dao De Jing Minus Ninety-six Percent: A Troubled Text Relieved of Its Politics and Bloat; and Another Look at the Indic Influence Puzzle 26 free
220 Jan.
Mark BenderOhio State University Ogimawkwe Mitigwaki and “Axlu yyr kut”: Native Tongues in Literatures of Cultural Transition 25 free
219 Jan.
Brian R. PellarBoston, Massachusetts The Foundation of Myth: A Unified Theory on the Link Between Seasonal/Celestial Cycles, the Precession, Theology, and the Alphabet/Zodiac (Part One) 132 free
218 Dec.
Michael TurkParadise, California Magician’s Map 26 free
217 Dec.
Jin GUANUniversity of Pennsylvania Guanxi: The Key to Achieving Success in China 10 free
216 Oct.
ZHANG HeWilliam Paterson University Is Shuma the Chinese Analog of Soma/Haoma? A Study of Early Contacts between Indo-Iranians and Chinese 36 free
215 Sept.
Matthew AndersonUniversity of Pennsylvania An Investigation of Orthographic Variance in Shang Writing 16 free
214 Sept.
Mark A. RiddlePleasant Grove, Utah Tennō (天皇): The Central Asian Origin of Japan’s Solar Kingship 25 free
213 Aug.
Xiang WANUniversity of Pennsylvania Early Development of Bronze Metallurgy in Eastern Eurasia 17 free
212 July
YU TaishanChinese Academy of Social Sciences The Origin of the Kushans 22 free
211 May
ZHOU JixuSichuan Normal University Confucius and Lao Zi: Their Differing Social Foundations and Cultures 18 free
210 April
Mark A. RiddlePleasant Grove, Utah Turkic “Balbal” in Japan 14 free
209 April
Mark A. RiddlePleasant Grove, Utah Japan and Inner Asia: Some Connections 23 free
208 Feb.
Victor H. Mair, ed.University of Pennsylvania Reviews XIII 120 free
207 Oct.
Randolph FordNew York University Barbaricum Depictum: Images of the Germani and Xiongnu in the Works of Tacitus and Sima Qian 31 free
206 Aug.
Heleanor B. FelthamUniversity of New South Wales Lions, Silks and Silver: The Influence of Sasanian Persia 51 free
205 July
Heleanor B. FelthamUniversity of New South Wales Nomad Culture, Greek Style: Steppes Jewellery and Adornment 31 free
204 June
YU TaishanChinese Academy of Social Sciences The Earliest Tocharians in China 78 free
203 June
Donald F. BeaumontSenior University, Georgetown, Texas How the Earth’s Geology Determined Human History 93 free
202 May
David McCrawUniversity of Hawaii An “ABC” Exercise in Old Sinitic Lexical Statistics 42 free
201 May
Hoong Teik TOHJohor, Malaysia Notes on the Earliest Sanskrit Word Known in Chinese 10 free
200 April
Urs AppSwiss National Science Foundation Arthur Schopenhauer and China: A Sino-Platonic Love Affair viii, 164 free
199 March
Tae Hyun KIMBerkeley Other Laozi Parallels in the Hanfeizi: An Alternative Approach to the Textual History of the Laozi and Early Chinese Thought 76 free
198 Feb.
Doug HitchWhitehorse, Yukon Aramaic Script Derivatives in Central Eurasia 18 free
197 Jan.
YU TaishanChinese Academy of Social Sciences The Communication Lines between East and West as Seen in the Mu Tianzi Zhuan 57 free
196 Dec.
Brian R. PellarSan Diego, California On the Origins of the Alphabet 46 free
195 Dec.
John L. SorensonBrigham Young University A Complex of Ritual and Ideology Shared by Mesoamerica and the Ancient Near East 134 free
194 Nov.
Heleanor B. FelthamUniversity of New South Wales Justinian and the International Silk Trade 40 free
193 Nov.
edited and with a foreword by Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Women and Men, Love and Power: Parameters of Chinese Fiction and Drama 180 free
192 Sept.
John C. DidierColorado State University In and Outside the Square: The Sky and the Power of Belief in Ancient China and the World, c. 4500 BC – AD 200 (3 volumes)
  1. The Ancient Eurasian World and the Celestial Pivot
  2. Representations and Identities of High Powers in Neolithic and Bronze China
  3. Terrestrial and Celestial Transformations in Zhou and Early-Imperial China
c. 1000 free
191 July
Urs AppSwiss National Science Foundation William Jones’s Ancient Theology 125 free
190 June
Pita KeleknaNew York City The Politico-Economic Impact of the Horse on Old World Cultures: An Overview 31 free
189 June
Li Chen, Genevieve Y. Leung, Matthew A. Marcucci, and Kenneth Yeh; with a foreword by Victor H. Mair.University of Pennsylvania Sinographic Languages: The Past, Present, and Future of Script Reform 101 free
188 May
Geoff WadeInstitute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore The Polity of Yelang (夜郎) and the Origins of the Name ‘China’ 26 free
187 April
Xiuqin ZhouUniversity of Pennsylvania Zhaoling: The Mausoleum of Emperor Tang Taizong 380 free
186 March
Doug Hitch
The Special Status of Turfan 61 free
185 Nov.
Jan RomgardStockholm University and the University of Nottingham Questions of Ancient Human Settlements in Xinjiang and the Early Silk Road Trade, with an Overview of the Silk Road Research Institutions and Scholars in Beijing, Gansu, and Xinjiang 118 free
184 Oct.
Xiang LiSeattle, Washington Irony Illustrated: A Cross-Cultural Exploration of Situational Irony in China and the United States 59 free
183 Oct.
Chunwei SongPeking University Heroes Brought Buddhism to the East of the Sea: A Fully Annotated Translation of The Preface of Haedong Kosŭng Chŏn 38 free
182 Sept.
Aurelia Campbell, Jeffrey Rice, Daniel Sungbin Sou, and Lala ZuoUniversity of Pennsylvania The Cult of the Bodhisattva Guanyin in Early China and Korea 117 free
181 Aug.
Matteo ComparetiVenice, Italy Traces of Buddhist Art in Sogdiana 42 free
180 April
Amber R. Woodward A Survey of Li Yang Crazy English 71 free
179 Feb.
Julie M. GrovesHong Kong Baptist University Language or Dialect — or Topolect? A Comparison of the Attitudes of Hong Kongers and Mainland Chinese towards the Status of Cantonese 103 free
178 Feb.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Soldierly Methods: Vade Mecum for an Iconoclastic Translation of Sun Zi bingfa, with a complete transcription and word-for-word glosses of the Manchu translation by H. T. Toh xvi, 195 free
177 Aug.
Beverley DavisMerit, Texas Timeline of the Development of the Horse 186 free
176 May
Eric HenryUniversity of North Carolina The Submerged History of Yuè 36 free
175 Dec.
Zhou JixuCenter for East Asian Studies, University of Pennsylvania; Chinese Department, Sichuan Normal University The Rise of Agricultural Civilization in China: The Disparity between Archeological Discovery and the Documentary Record and Its Explanation 38 free
174 Nov.
Mariko Namba Walter Sogdians and Buddhism 66 free
173 Oct.
Taishan YUChinese Academy of Social Sciences A Study of the History of the Relationship Between the Western and Eastern Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Western Regions 166 free
172 Aug.
Deborah Beaser The Outlook for Taiwanese Language Preservation 18 free
171 June
John DeFrancisUniversity of Hawaii The Prospects for Chinese Writing Reform 24, 3 figs. free
Prior to issue no. 171, Sino-Platonic Papers was originally published in hard-copy form.
170 Feb.
Amber R. WoodwardUniversity of Pennsylvania Learning English, Losing Face, and Taking Over: The Method (or Madness) of Li Yang and His Crazy English 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
169 Jan.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Conversion Tables for the Three-Volume Edition of the Hanyu Da Cidian i, 284 PDF: free; hard copy: $25.00
168 Dec.
Judith A. LernerNew York City Aspects of Assimilation: the Funerary Practices and Furnishings of Central Asians in China 51, v, 9 plates PDF: free; hard copy: $35.00
167 Dec.
ZHOU JixuSichuan Normal University Old Chinese ‘*tees’ and Proto-Indo-European ‘*deus’: Similarity in Religious Ideas and a Common Source in Linguistics 17 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
166 suppl. Nov.
Julie Lee WeiLondon Index to Chinese Characters in Sino-Platonic Papers nos. 161–166 21 PDF: free;
166 Nov.
Julie Lee WeiLondon
Hodong Kim
Seoul National University
and David Selvia and the Editor
both of the University of Pennsylvania
Reviews XII i, 63 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
165 Oct.
Julie Lee WeiLondon DAO and DE: An Inquiry into the Linguistic Origins of Some Terms in Chinese Philosophy and Morality 51 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
164 Oct.
Julie Lee WeiLondon Shang and Zhou: An Inquiry into the Linguistic Origins of Two Dynastic Names 62 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
163 Oct.
Julie Lee WeiLondon Huangdi and Huntun (the Yellow Emperor and Wonton): A New Hypothesis on Some Figures in Chinese Mythology 44 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
162 Sept.
Julie Lee WeiLondon Counting and Knotting: Correspondences between Old Chinese and Indo-European 71, map PDF: free; hard copy: $16.50
161 Sept.
Julie Lee WeiLondon The Names of the Yi Jing Trigrams: An Inquiry into Their Linguistic Origins 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
160 Sept.
Matteo ComparetiVenice Literary Evidence for the Identification of Some Common Scenes in Han Funerary Art 14 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
159 Aug.
Jens Østergaard PetersenUniversity of Copenhagen The Zuozhuan Account of the Death of King Zhao of Chu and Its Sources 47 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.50
158 Aug.
Mark Edward LewisStanford University Writings on Warfare Found in Ancient Chinese Tombs 15 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
157 Aug.
Ralph D. SawyerIndependent Scholar Paradoxical Coexistence of Prognostication and Warfare 13 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.00
156 July
Abolqasem EsmailpourShahid Beheshti University, Tehran Manichean Gnosis and Creation 157 PDF: free; hard copy: $32.50
155 July
Denis MairSeattle Janus-Like Concepts in the Li and Kun Trigrams 8 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
154 July
Serge PapillonBelfort, France Mythologie sino-européenne 174, 1 plate PDF: free; hard copy: $24.50
153 July
Alan PiperLondon (UK) The Mysterious Origins of the Word “Marihuana” 17 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
152 June
Denis MairSeattle The Dance of Qian and Kun in the Zhouyi 13, 2 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
151 June
Jane Jia SIUniversity of Pennsylvania The Genealogy of Dictionaries: Producers, Literary Audience, and the Circulation of English Texts in the Treaty Port of Shanghai 44, 4 tables PDF: free; hard copy: $15.50
150 May
Dolkun KamberiWashington, DC Uyghurs and Uyghur Identity 44 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
149 May
Kimberly S. Te WinkleUniversity College, London A Sacred Trinity: God, Mountain, and Bird: Cultic Practices of the Bronze Age Chengdu Plain ii, 103 (41 in color) PDF: free; hard copy: $55.00
148 April
Lucas ChristopoulosBeijing Sports University Le gréco-bouddhisme et l’art du poing en Chine 52 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.00
147 March
Hoong Teik TohAcademia Sinica Chinese Qiong ~ Tibetan Khyung; Taoism ~ Bonpo — Some Questions Related to Early Ethno-Religious History in Sichuan 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
146 Feb.
Hoong Teik TohAcademia Sinica The -yu Ending in Xiongnu, Xianbei, and Gaoju Onomastica 24 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
145 Aug.
the editor
Reviews XI 2, 41 PDF: free; hard copy: $13.50
144 July
RONG XinjiangPeking University Land Route or Sea Route? Commentary on the Study of the Paths of Transmission and Areas in which Buddhism Was Disseminated during the Han Period 32 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.50
143 July
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Sleep in Dream: Soporific Responses to Depression in Story of the Stone 99 PDF: free; hard copy: $20.00
142 July
Katheryn Linduff, ed.University of Pittsburgh Silk Road Exchange in China 64 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.00
141 July
Yinpo TschangNew York City Chaos in Heaven: On the Calendars of Preclassical China 30 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.00
140 June
Yinpo TschangNew York City Shih and Zong: Social Organization in Bronze Age China 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.50
139 June
Taishan YuChinese Academy of Social Sciences A Hypothesis on the Origin of the Yu State 20 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.50
138 June
Julie Lee WeiSan Jose and London Dogs and Cats: Lessons from Learning Chinese 17 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
137 June
Hoong Teik TohHarvard University Some Classical Malay Materials for the Study of the Chinese Novel Journey to the West 64 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
136 May
Serge PapillonMouvaux, France and Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Influences tokhariennes sur la mythologie chinoise 47 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.50
135 May
John J. EmersonPortland, Oregon The Secret History of the Mongols and Western Literature 21 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
134 May
Xieyan HinchaNeumädewitz, Germany Two Steps Toward Digraphia in China i, 22 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
133 April
John L. SorensonBrigham Young University
Carl L. Johannessen
University of Oregon
Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages 48, 166, 19, 15 plates PDF: free;CD-ROM: $15.50
132 April
Kim HayesSydney On the Presence of Non-Chinese at Anyang 11 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.50
131 March
Taishan YuChinese Academy of Social Sciences A History of the Relationship between the Western and Eastern Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Western Regions iii, 378 PDF: free; hard copy: $55.00
130 Feb.
Bede FaheyFort St. John, British Columbia Mayan: A Sino-Tibetan Language?A Comparative Study 61 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
129 Dec.
Michael WitzelHarvard University Linguistic Evidence for Cultural Exchange in Prehistoric Western Central Asia 70 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.90
128 Nov.
Yinpo TschangNew York City On Proto-Shang 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
127 Oct.
Sundeep S. JhuttiPetaluma, California The Getes 125, 8 color plates PDF: free; hard copy: $37.50
126 Aug.
Tim MillerUniversity of Washington A Southern Min Word in the Tsu-t’ang chi 14 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.00
125 July
ZHOU JixuSichuan Normal University
Shanghai Normal University
Correspondences of Cultural Words between Old Chinese and Proto-Indo-European 19 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
124 Aug.
Fredrik T. HiebertUniversity of Pennsylvania
John Colarusso
McMaster University
The Context of the Anau Seal

Remarks on the Anau and Niyä Seals
PDF: free; hard copy: $16.50
123 Aug.
Paul R. Goldin and the editor Reviews X 30 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.00
122 July
Julie WilenskyYale Univesity The Magical Kunlun and “Devil Slaves”: Chinese Perceptions of Dark-skinned People and Africa before 1500 51, 3 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $17.00
121 July
Mark Edward LewisStanford University Dicing and Divination in Early China 22, 7 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $10.50
120 July
Anne BirrellUniversity of Cambridge, Clare Hall Female-Gendered Myth in the Classic of Mountains and Seas 47 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.50
119 July
WU ZhenXinjiang Museum, Ürümchi “Hu” Non-Chinese as They Appear in the Materials from the Astana Graveyard at Turfan 21, 5 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
118 June
Justine T. SnowPort Townsend, WA Evidence for the Indo-European Origin of Two Ancient Chinese Deities ii, 75, 1 color, 1 b-w print PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
117 May
SHANG WeiColumbia University Baihua, Guanhua, Fangyan and the May Fourth Reading of Rulin Waishi 10 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.50
116 May
LIU YongquanInstitute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences On the Problem of Chinese Lettered Words 13 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
115 April
ZHOU JixuSichuan Normal University Correspondences of Basic Words Between Old Chinese and Proto-Indo-European 8 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
114 March
Ramnath SubbaramanUniversity of Chicago Beyond the Question of the Monkey Imposter: Indian Influence on the Chinese Novel, The Journey to the West 35 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.50
113 Aug.
Ray CollinsChepachet, RI
David Kerr
Melbourne, FL
Etymology of the Word “Macrobiotic:s” and Its Use in Modern Chinese Scholarship 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
112 July
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Notes on the Anau Inscription xi, 93 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
111 Nov.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania The Need for a New Era 10 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
110 Oct.
Toh Hoong TeikHarvard University Shaykh ’Alam: The Emperor of Early Sixteenth-Century China 20 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
109 Oct.
Conán Dean CareyStanford University In Hell the One without Sin is Lord ii, 60 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.50
108 Sept.
Ruth H. ChangUniversity of Pennsylvania Understanding Di and Tian: Deity and Heaven From Shang to Tang vii, 54 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.50
107 Sept.
Jacques deLisle, Adelheid E. Krohne, and the editor Reviews IX 148 + map PDF: free; hard copy: $25.00
106 Sept.
Yu TaishanChinese Academy of Social Sciences A Hypothesis about the Sources of the Sai Tribes i, 3, 200 PDF: free; hard copy: $30.00
105 Aug.
Anne BirrellCambridge University Postmodernist Theory in Recent Studies of Chinese Literature 31 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.50
104 July
David W. PankenierLehigh University Popular Astrology and Border Affairs in Early China 19 + 1 color plate PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
103 June
Carrie E. ReidMiddlebury College Early Chinese Tattoo 52 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
102 March
Theresa JenBryn Mawr College
Ping Xu
Baruch College
Penless Chinese Character Reproduction 15 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
101 March
C. Michele ThompsonSouth Connecticut State University The Viêt Peoples and the Origins of Nom 71, 1 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.50
100 Feb.
Wayne AltCommunity College of Baltimore County (Essex) Zhuangzi, Mysticism, and the Rejection of Distinctions 29 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.50
99 Feb.
Anthony Barbieri-LowPrinceton University Wheeled Vehicles in the Chinese Bronze Age (c. 2000–741 BC) v, 98 + 5 color plates PDF: free; hard copy: $33.50
98 Jan.
Peter Daniels, Daniel Boucher, and other authors Reviews VIII 108 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
97 Dec.
LI ShuichengPeking University A Discussion of Sino-Western Cultural Contacts and Exchange in the Second Millennium B.C. Based on Recent Archaeological Discoveries iv, 29 PDF: free; hard copy: $13.00
96 June
E. Bruce BrooksUniversity of Massachusetts Alexandrian Motifs in Chinese Texts 14 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.00
95 May
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania A Medieval, Central Asian Buddhist Theme in a Late Ming Taoist Tale by Feng Meng-lung 27 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.50
94 March
Julie Lee WeiHoover Institute Correspondences Between the Chinese Calendar Signs and the Phoenician Alphabet 65 + 6 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.00
93 Jan.
David S. NivisonStanford University The Key to the Chronology of the Three Dynasties: The “Modern Text” Bamboo Annals iv + 68 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.50
92 Jan.
Christine Louise LinDartmouth College The Presbyterian Church in Taiwan and the Advocacy of Local Autonomy xiii + 136 PDF: free; hard copy: $26.00
91 Jan.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Phonosymbolism or Etymology: The Case of the Verb “Cop” 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.00
90 Jan.
Victor H. Mair et al Reviews VII [including review of The Original Analects] 2, 38 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.00
89 Jan.
Alvin LinYale University Writing Taiwanese: The Development of Modern Written Taiwanese 4 + 41 + 4 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.50
88 Dec.
Saroj Kumar ChaudhuriAichi Gakusen University Siddham in China and Japan 9, 124 PDF: free; hard copy: $27.00
87 Nov.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Canine Conundrums: Eurasian Dog Ancestor Myths in Historical and Ethnic Perspective 74 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.50
86 Oct.
Jidong YangUniversity of Pennsylvania Siba: Bronze Age Culture of the Gansu Corridor 18 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
85 Oct.
Mariko Namba WalterUniversity of New England Tokharian Buddhism in Kucha: Buddhism of Indo-European Centum Speakers in Chinese Turkestan before the 10th Century C.E. 30 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.50
84 Oct.
Ulf JägerGronau/Westfalen, Germany The New Old Mummies from Eastern Central Asia: Ancestors of the Tocharian Knights Depicted on the Buddhist Wallpaintings of Kucha and Turfan? Some Circumstantial Evidence 9 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
83 Oct.
Minglang ZhouUniversity of Colorado at Boulder Tense/Aspect markers in Mandarin and Xiang dialects, and their contact 20 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
82 Sept.
I. S. GurevichRussian Academy of Sciences A Fragment of a pien-wen(?) Related to the Cycle “On Buddha’s Life” 15 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
81 Sept.
Hera S. WalkerUrsinus College (Philadelphia) Indigenous or Foreign?: A Look at the Origins of the Monkey Hero Sun Wukong iv + 110 PDF: free; hard copy: $24.50
80 July
Taishan YuChinese Academy of Social Sciences A Study of Saka History ii + 225 PDF: free; hard copy: $32.00
79 March
Dennis GrafflinBates College A Southeast Asian Voice in the Daodejing? 8 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.50
78 Feb.
NarsuInner Mongolia College of Agriculture & Animal Husbandry
Kevin Stuart
Qinghai Junior Teachers’ College
Practical Mongolian Sentences (With English Translation) iii + 49 + ii + 66 PDF: free; hard copy: $23.00
77 Jan.
Daniel HsiehPurdue University The Origin and Nature of the “Nineteen Old Poems” 49 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
76 Feb.
Patricia Eichenbaum KaretzkyBard College The Evolution of the Symbolism of the Paradise of the Buddha of Infinite Life and Its Western Origins 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.00
75 Feb.
Haun SaussyStanford University The Prestige of Writing: Wen2, Letter, Picture, Image, Ideography 40 PDF: free; hard copy: $13.00
74 Jan.
David MoserUniversity of Michigan & Beijing Foreign Studies University Covert Sexism in Mandarin Chinese 23 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
73 June
ZHANG Juan, et al., and Kevin StuartQinghai, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Henan, Liaoning Blue Cloth and Pearl Deer; Yogur Folklore iii, 76 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
72 May
E. Bruce BrooksUniversity of Massachusetts The Life and Mentorship of Confucius 44 PDF: free; hard copy: $13.50
71 March
Erik ZürcherLeiden University
Seishi Karashima
Soka University
Huanming Qin
Tang Studies Hotline
Vernacularisms in Medieval Chinese Texts 31 + 11 + 8 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.00
70 Feb.
David Utz, Xinru Liu, Taylor Carman, Bryan Van Norden, and the EditorPhiladelphia, Vassar, etc. Reviews VI 93 PDF: free; hard copy: $20.00
69 Jan.
Dpal-ldan-bkra-shis, Keith Slater, et al.Qinghai, Santa Barbara, etc. Language Materials of China’s Monguor Minority: Huzhu Mongghul and Minhe Mangghuer xi, 266 PDF: free; hard copy: $40.00
68 May
Ke Peng, Yanshi ZhuUniversity of Chicago and Tokyo, Japan New Research on the Origin of Cowries Used in Ancient China i, 26 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
67 April
David McCrawUniversity of Hawaii Pursuing Zhuangzi as a Rhymester: A Snark-Hunt in Eight Fits 38 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.50
66 March
ZHU QingzhiSichuan University and Peking University Some Linguistic Evidence for Early Cultural Exchange Between China and India 7 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
65 Feb.
Penglin WangChinese University of Hong Kong Indo-European Loanwords in Altaic 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $11.00
64 Jan.
Arne ØstmoeBangkok, Thailand, and Drøbak, Norway A Germanic-Tai Linguistic Puzzle 81, 6 PDF: free; hard copy: $17.00
63 Dec.
Sarah M. NelsonUniversity of Denver The Development of Complexity in Prehistoric North China 17 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.00
62 Dec.
William C. HannasGeorgetown University Reflections on the “Unity” of Spoken and Written Chinese and Academic Learning in China 5 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
61 Dec.
Kevin Stuart and Li XueweiQinghai Junior Teachers College, Xining, Kokonor (Qinghai) Tales from China’s Forest Hunters: Oroqen Folktales iv, 59 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
60 Dec.
Kevin Stuart, Li Xuewei, and ShelearQinghai Junior Teachers College, Xining, Kokonor (Qinghai) China’s Dagur Minority: Society, Shamanism, and Folklore vii, 167 PDF: free; hard copy: $26.50
59 Dec.
Kevin StuartQinghai Junior Teachers College;
Qinghai Medical College Attached Hospital, Xining, Kokonor (Qinghai)
China’s Monguor Minority: Ethnography and Folktales i, I, 193 PDF: free; hard copy: $28.50
58 Nov.
Üjiyediin Chuluu (Chaolu Wu)University of Toronto Introduction, Grammar, and Sample Sentences for Baoan 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
57 Nov.
Üjiyediin Chuluu (Chaolu Wu)University of Toronto Introduction, Grammar, and Sample Sentences for Monguor 31 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
56 Nov.
Üjiyediin Chuluu (Chaolu Wu)University of Toronto Introduction, Grammar, and Sample Sentences for Dagur 36 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
55 Nov.
Üjiyediin Chuluu (Chaolu Wu)University of Toronto Introduction, Grammar, and Sample Sentences for Dongxiang 34 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
54 Nov.
Üjiyediin Chuluu (Chaolu Wu)University of Toronto Introduction, Grammar, and Sample Sentences for Jegün Yogur 34 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.00
53 Nov.
XU WenkanEditorial Offices of the Hanyu Da Cidian Shanghai Guanyu Tuhuoluoren de Qiyuan he Qianxi Wenti [On the Problem of the Origins and Migrations of the Tocharians] 11 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
52 Nov.
Warren A. ShiblesUniversity of Wisconsin Whitewater Chinese Romanization Systems: IPA Transliteration 20 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.00
51 Nov.
HAN KangxinInstitute of Archeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences The Study of Ancient Human Skeletons from Xinjiang, China 9 + 4 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
50 Nov.
YIN BinyongState Language Commission and Institute for Applied Linguistics (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) Diyi ge Lading Zimu de Hanyu Pinyin Fang’an Shi Zenyang Chansheng de? [How Was the First Romanized Spelling System for Sinitic Produced?] 7 PDF: free; hard copy: $4.00
49 Oct.
Ludo RocherUniversity of Pennsylvania Orality and Textuality in the Indian Context 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.00
48 Sept.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Introduction and Notes for a Complete Translation of the Chuang Tzu xxxiv, 110 PDF: free; hard copy: $21.50
47 Aug.
Robert S. BauerMahidol University Salaya Nakornpathom, Thailand Sino-Tibetan *kolo “Wheel” 11 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
46 July
various Reviews (V) 2, 155 PDF: free; hard copy: $24.00
45 May
Mark HansellCarleton College The Sino-Alphabet: The Assimilation of Roman Letters into the Chinese Writing System 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.00
44 Jan.
Dolkun KamberiColumbia University The Three Thousand Year Old Charchan Man Preserved at Zaghunluq 15 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.50
43 Dec.
MA Quanlin, MA Wanxiang, and MA ZhichengXining
Edited by Kevin Stuart
Salar Language Materials 72 PDF: free; hard copy: $16.50
42 Nov.
Renchin-Jashe YulshulTibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Kokonor (Qinghai)
and Kevin Stuart
Institute of Foreign Languages, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Kham Tibetan Language Materials 39 PDF: free; hard copy: $9.50
41 Oct.
Paul GoldinHarvard University Miching Mallecho: The Zhanguo ce and Classical Rhetoric 27 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.50
40 Sept.
Michael CarrCenter for Language Studies, Otaru University of Commerce Tiao-Fish through Chinese Dictionaries 68 PDF: free; hard copy: $15.50
39 Aug.
Jordan PaperYork University A Material Case for a Late Bering Strait Crossing Coincident with Pre-Columbian Trans-Pacific Crossings 17 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.50
38 April
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania The Linguistic and Textual Antecedents of The Sutra of the Wise and the Foolish 95 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
37 March
Tanya StorchUniversity of New Mexico Chinese Buddhist Historiography and Orality 16 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
36 Feb.
XU WenkanHanyu Da Cidian editorial offices, Shanghai Hanyu Wailaici de Yuyuan Kaozheng he Cidian Bianzuan (Philological Research on the Etymology of Loanwords in Sinitic and Dictionary Compilation) 13 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
35 Nov.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania
with an added note by Edwin G. Pulleyblank
Reviews (IV) 37 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.00
34 Oct.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Two Papers on Sinolinguistics
  1. A Hypothesis Concerning the Origin of the Term fanqie (“Countertomy”)
  2. East Asian Round-Trip Words
13 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.00
33 Sept.
FENG Lide and Kevin StuartChuankou No. 1 Middle School and Qinghai Education College Interethnic Contact on the Inner Asian Frontier: The Gangou People of Minhe County, Qinghai 34 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
32 Aug.
David McCrawUniversity of Hawaii How the Chinawoman Lost Her Voice 27 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.50
31 Oct.
various Reviews (III) 68 PDF: free; hard copy: $14.00
30 Oct.
M. V. SofronovInstitute of Far Eastern Studies, Academy of Sciences, Moscow Chinese Philology and the Scripts of Central Asia 10 PDF: free; hard copy: $4.50
29 Sept.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania What Is a Chinese “Dialect/Topolect”? Reflections on Some Key Sino-English Linguistic Terms Also available as a PDF.) 31 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.00
28 Sept.
ZHOU YouguangState Language Commission, Peking The Family of Chinese Character-Type Scripts: Twenty Members and Four Stages of Development (Also available as a 650 KB PDF.) 11 PDF: free; hard copy: $4.00
27 Aug.
Victor H. Mair, ed.University of Pennsylvania Schriftfestschrift: Essays in Honor of John DeFrancis on His Eightieth Birthday ix, 245 PDF: free; hard copy: $35.00
26 Sept.
JAO Tsung-iChinese University of Hong Kong Questions on the Origins of Writing Raised by the Silk Road 10 PDF: free; hard copy: $4.50
25 Aug.
Jean DeBernardiUniversity of Alberta Linguistic Nationalism: The Case of Southern Min 22 + 3 figs. PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
24 Aug.
David A. UtzUniversity of Pennsylvania Language, Writing, and Tradition in Iran 24 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.50
23 April
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Tracks of the Tao, Semantics of Zen 10 PDF: free; hard copy: $3.50
22 March
David MoserUniversity of Michigan Slips of the Tongue and Pen in Chinese 45 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
21 Dec.
Philippa Jane BensonCarnegie Mellon University Two Cross-Cultural Studies on Reading Theory 9, 13 PDF: free; hard copy: $8.50
20 Oct.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania [The] File [on the Cosmic] Track [and Individual] Dough[tiness]: Introduction and Notes for a Translation of the Ma-wang-tui Manuscripts of the Lao Tzu 68 PDF: free; hard copy: $13.50
19 June
Bosat ManNalanda Backhill/Peking/Beijing 6 PDF: free; hard copy: $2.50
18 May
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Two Non-Tetragraphic Northern Sinitic Languages
  1. Implications of the Soviet Dungan Script for Chinese Language Reform
  2. Who Were the Gyámi?
28 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.00
17 April
Heather PetersUniversity Museum of Philadelphia Tattooed Faces and Stilt Houses: Who Were the Ancient Yue? 28 PDF: free; hard copy: $4.50
16 March
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania Three Brief Essays Concerning Chinese Tocharistan 16 PDF: free; hard copy: $5.50
15 Jan.
George CardonaUniversity of Pennsylvania On Attitudes Toward Language in Ancient India 19 PDF: free; hard copy: $3.50
14 Dec.
various Reviews (II) 69 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.50
13 Oct.
Jiaosheng WangShanghai The Complete Ci-Poems of Li Qingzhao: A New English Translation xii, 122 PDF: free; hard copy: $18.00
12 Aug.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania The Contributions of T’ang and Five Dynasties Transformation Texts (pien-wen) to Later Chinese Popular Literature 71 PDF: free; hard copy: $12.00
11 July
Edward ShaughnessyUniversity of Chicago Western Cultural Innovations in China, 1200 BC 8 PDF: free; hard copy: $2.00
10 June
Pratoom AngurarohitaChulalongkorn University Bangkok Buddhist Influence on the Neo-Confucian Concept of the Sage (Also available in PDF format.) 31 PDF: free; hard copy: $6.00
9 Dec.
Soho MachidaDaitoku-ji, Kyoto Life and Light, the Infinite: A Historical and Philological Analysis of the Amida Cult 46 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.50
8 Feb.
various Reviews (I) ii, 39 PDF: free; hard copy: $7.50
7 Jan.
Chang Tsung-tungGoethe-Universität Indo-European Vocabulary in Old Chinese i, 56 PDF: free; hard copy: $10.00
6 Jan.
J. Marshall UngerUniversity of Hawaii Computers and Japanese Literacy: Nihonzin no Yomikaki Nôryoku to Konpyûta. This is a parallel text in Japanese (in romanization) and English. The English text alone is available in HTML: Computers and Japanese Literacy. 13 PDF: free; hard copy: $3.00
5 Dec.
Eric A. HavelockVassar College Chinese Characters and the Greek Alphabet (Also available in PDF format.) 4 PDF: free; hard copy: $2.00
4 Nov.
Robert M. SandersUniversity of Hawaii The Four Languages of “Mandarin” (Also available in PDF format) 14 PDF: free; hard copy: $2.00
3 March
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania A Partial Bibliography for the Study of Indian Influence on Chinese Popular Literature iv, 214 PDF: free; hard copy: $20.00
2 Dec.
Andrew JonesHiroshima The Poetics of Uncertainty in Early Chinese Literature 45 PDF: free; hard copy: $3.00
1 Feb.
Victor H. MairUniversity of Pennsylvania The Need for an Alphabetically Arranged General Usage Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: A Review Article of Some Recent Dictionaries and Current Lexicographical Projects 31 PDF: free; hard copy: $2.50
# Date Author

BiblePlaces Blog

My Thoughts on the new Photo Companion to the Bible

Last night, on a whim, I jotted down some thoughts on the new Photo Companion to the Bible and sent them out in the BiblePlaces Newsletter. The response has been terrific. If you didn’t see it already, you can read it here.

Introductory discount ends today.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Theft of South African relics riles researchers

When thieves stole some centuries-old golden artefacts from a South African park in December, they...

The Archaeology News Network

Remarkable artistry hidden in ancient Roman painting revealed

Molten lava, volcanic ash, modern grime, salt, humidity. The ancient painting of a Roman woman has been through it all, and it looks like it. Scientists now report that a new type of high-resolution X-ray technology is helping them discover just how stunning the original portrait once was, element-by-element. The technique could help conservators more precisely restore this image, as well as other ancient artworks. An iron element map...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Neoliberalism and the Academy

I traveled a bit last week and didn’t have much time to blog, but I did read David Graeber’s Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity, and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy (2015).

While the book is actually a series of essays rather than a systematic unpacking of bureaucracy as a phenomenon, Graeber does offer a few gems. The one that struck me the most relevant in the context of academic is the idea that neoliberalism was “the form of capitalism that systematically prioritized political imperatives over economic ones. That is: given a choice between a course of action that will make capitalism seem like the only possible economic system, and one that will make capitalism actually be a more viable long-term economy system, neoliberalism has meant always choosing the former.”

Unpacking this observation Graeber largely follows David Harvey and other critics of neoliberalism in their observations that it is primarily a redistributive system that followed the divergent course of political and social power and economic power in the postwar era. Under neoliberalism the politically and socially powerful capitalist classes redistributed capital from the workers and public institutions and declared this to be growth and the triumph of the market. As this system has matured, of course, economic growth and productivity has slowed, and the “free market” is increasingly bolstered by austerity schemes, border-protected labor pools in the global south, so-called “crisis capitalism,” and corruption.  In short, as Graeber wryly observes, neoliberalism creates the appearance of the triumph of the free market while changing the political and economic culture of world into one that is increasingly less free and more dependent on the invisible hand of the political class.

This reminded me of a post that I wrote a few months back on the University of North Dakota’s Institute for Unmanned and Autonomous Research. In the post, I speculated on whether this project was a billboard or a factory. A billboard is a way for an institutions to amplify the public impact of existing research; a factory is a way to streamline and coordinate the production of new knowledge. In the end, I suspected that the IUAR was primarily a billboard designed to promote the interests of the university more than the work of individual research. In the context of neoliberal schemes, it is more political than productive and serves to present the appearance of dynamic, cutting-edge, market-driven research more than cultivating it (at least at present). 

In a slightly broader context, I suspect that the various calls for “data-driven decision making” across campus also serves as a way to present the administrative workings of campus appear to share the impartial authority of the market, while obscuring the indelicately placed thumb on the scales. Again, the impartiality of data mimics the appearance of the market and the inevitability of competition between courses, departments, disciplines, and colleges. On UND’s campus a new funding model is supposed to rationalize funding and encourage competition between colleges and programs on campus, but colleges and courses (and to a less extent disciplines) are fundamentally arbitrary or at least not based on contingent contemporary concerns. Rationalizing funding on the foundation of an irrational system does not reflect, to my mind, the triumph of the marketplace of ideas, but rather the tyranny of history, institutional and bureaucratic inertia, and the disingenuous approach of the administrative class whose investment in the success of the university is secondary to political goals. The most prominent political goal is to reinforce the idea that the impartial market makes their own positions indispensable, or “everything is coming up Associate Vice President!

ASOR Syrian Heritage Initiative

ASOR Cultural Heritage Initiatives Monthly Report (June 2017)

ASOR Cultural Heritage Initiatives (CHI)
Safeguarding the Heritage of the Near East Initiative

June 2017 Monthly Report

By Michael D. Danti, Marina Gabriel, Susan Penacho, William Raynolds, Allison Cuneo, Kyra Kaercher, Darren Ashby, Jamie O’Connell, Katherine Burge

* This report is based on research conducted by the “Safeguarding the Heritage of the Near East Initiative.” Monthly reports reflect reporting from a variety of sources and may contain unverified material. As such, they should be treated as preliminary and subject to change.

Executive Summary

During the June 2017 reporting period, US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) officially launched operations to recapture the ISIL-held stronghold of Raqqa. Iraqi Security Forces advanced in Mosul, entering the Old City, and conducted clearing operations in recaptured territories. As this reporting period was ending, military activity in the Old City was increasing as the final meters of territory held by ISIL were coming under fire by ISF and US-led Coalition airstrikes. Thousands of civilians were trapped in Raqqa and Mosul, raising concerns about the risks of high noncombatant casualties as a result of ongoing military activity and aerial bombardment. Cultural heritage sites in these urban environments sustained significant damage, and additional damage incidents appear to be inevitable.

Efforts to recapture the city of Raqqa officially opened on June 6, following months of encircling efforts by the SDF. US-led Coalition Forces conducted extensive aerial bombardment in support of these operations, resulting in extensive damage and reports of dozens of civilian casualties. ASOR CHI documented at least 15 heritage sites in Raqqa damaged since early June 2017. ASOR CHI remains concerned about the widespread scale of destruction as a result of intense aerial bombardment.

In Iraq, operations to recapture Mosul continued to inflict heavy damage to much of the Old City. As Iraqi forces approached the iconic al-Nuri al-Kabir Mosque on June 21, ISIL militants detonated fixed explosive charges, leveling the mosque and destroying the leaning al-Hadba Minaret. ASOR CHI collaborated with National Geographic on a report regarding the site’s importance, and what its destruction means to Mosul residents and other Iraqis. ASOR CHI also released an ‘Update’ on our website with a more detailed examination of the site’s history, as well as reflections on the damage. For some Iraqis, the destruction of the mosque marked a turning point in which ISIL conceded defeat. Like most ISIL deliberate destructions, the act may be interpreted as highly symbolic: ISIL destroyed the famed mosque complex from which ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi declared his so-called caliphate. The destruction occurred just short of the three-year anniversary of this declaration of June 29, 2014. ISIL attempted to blame US-led Coalition airstrikes for the destruction, which is atypical of past ISIL intentional destructions. ISIL militants remained in the Old City as the reporting period ended, keeping Mosul civilians trapped amongst clashes and airstrikes. ISIL maintains a presence in several areas across Iraq, including Tal Afar, Hawija, and al-Qaim.

As other parts of Mosul’s Old City were recaptured, ASOR CHI analyzed new video footage and photographs of damage to area’s historic buildings, including several mosques and churches. In addition, a June 16 ISIL attack possibly further damaged the Mosul Museum. The building had already been heavily damaged by ISIL intentional destruction, aerial bombardment, and small weapons fire.

In Libya, ongoing clashes between armed groups continued to threaten heritage sites. Islamist militants opposed to the Libyan National Army (LNA) intentionally demolished several sites in Benghazi. Reports surfaced of damage caused by an Egyptian Air Force strike on an Ottoman period settlement located outside the eastern port city of Derna.

Key Points

  • Islamic factions are firing on Syrian-Kurdish opposition forces from the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Qala’at Simeon. ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0112
  • Satellite imagery revealed damage to Syrian site of Heraqla concurrent with its recapture from ISIL by the SDF. ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0106
  • Caches of artifacts were discovered in houses in Mosul. ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0039
  • ISIL intentionally destroyed al-Nuri al-Kabir Mosque and al-Hadba Minaret. ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0045
  • Satellite imagery and news reports confirm damage to the historic Libyan city of Benghazi. ASOR CHI Incident Report LHI 17-0005


During the reporting period, Islamic factions including the Sham Liberation Organization (formerly al-Nusra Front) and Ahrar al-Sham shelled the villages of Basoufan and Bashmara from areas included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Ancient Villages of Northern Syria, Qala’at Simeon (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0106 in Appendix pp. 59–61). The Kurdish People’s Protection Unit (YPG) forces returned fire, possibly damaging the site. As part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Qala’at Simeon falls under the protection granted by the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its Second Protocol, signed in 1999. Qala’at Simeon has been damaged by military activity on multiple occasions since the beginning of the conflict in Syria. ASOR CHI will continue to monitor damage to, and the condition of, St. Simeon, as well as to other UNESCO sites in Syria, Iraq, and Libya.

In Daraa Governorate, frequent clashes and heavy aerial bombardment continued in parts of the Old City of Daraa and surrounding towns and villages. SARG forces dropped incendiary barrel bombs on two mosques. Al-Omari Mosque in Daraa (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0102 in Appendix pp. 41–49), and al-Rahman Mosque in al-Naimah (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0118 in Appendix pp. 99–101) both sustained heavy damage to their roofs and courtyards.

In Deir ez-Zor Governorate, where operations continue against ISIL-held areas, SARG forces struck four mosques (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0096, SHI 17-0103, SHI 17-0113, and SHI 17-0120 in Appendix pp. 17–18, 50–51, 79, 106), rendering all inoperable. On June 10, 2017, a US-led coalition airstrike hit a mosque in Mehaimda (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0105 in Appendix pp. 57–58), rendering it inoperable.

As the efforts to recapture Raqqa began, the SDF recaptured four heritage sites previously under ISIL occupation (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0094; SHI 17-0106; SHI 17-0109; SHI 17-0117 in Appendix pp. 12–14, 59–61, 66–68, 92–98). In late May 2017, DigitalGlobe satellite imagery showed the destruction of the West Palace of the Abbasid Palaces in Raqqa by heavy machinery. This occurred between February 3 and March 30, 2017. The reconstructed East Palace is still intact. The exact reason(s) for this destruction remains unknown, but urban encroachment/unregulated development has been ongoing in the area since 2011.

The site of Heraqla, located outside the city, was also retaken during this period. The Raqqa Department of Antiquities/Raqqa Museum used structures at this archaeological site for the storage of antiquities — this material was looted in 2013. DigitalGlobe satellite imagery shows that the remains sustained damage between May 31 and June 11, 2017, most likely from aerial bombardment. Heraqla has also sustained looting damage since before the beginning of the Syrian conflict in 2011. Archaeological sites in regions under ongoing military occupation are susceptible to various forms of damage ranging from military damage to looting to development. With its rich history from Roman and Early Islamic periods, Raqqa is no exception to this rule.

With the start of the operation to recapture Raqqa, several mosques were damaged by airstrikes. US-led Coalition airstrikes damaged three mosques (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0101; SHI 17-0104, and SHI 17-0119 in Appendix pp. 36–40, 52–56, 102–105), Syrian Democratic Forces damaged one mosque (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0114 in Appendix pp. 80–83), and two mosques were damaged by unknown forces, but possibly Kurdish forces backed by US-led Coalition air cover (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0107 and SHI 17-0108 in Appendix pp. 62–65). With the uptick in airstrikes, civilians are unable reach cemeteries located around the edges of Raqqa. As a result residents are beginning to bury relatives killed in the ongoing fighting in makeshift graveyards inside the al-Qadim Mosque as well as at Qasr al-Banat (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0110 and ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 17-0111 in Appendix pp. 69–73).


On June 21, 2017 ISIL blew up the historic al-Nuri al-Kabir Mosque and al-Hadba Minaret (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0045 in Appendix pp. 133–151) as Iraqi forces were closing in on the mosque, considered the center of ISIL’s caliphate in Iraq. ISIL was quick to post statements to its own media outlet that blamed the US-led Coalition for the destruction. The US-led Coalition and ISF both reported that there were no aircraft in the area of the mosque at the time of its destruction. Video footage released by the ISF shows the demolition of the mosque, with the explosion originating inside the mosque and minaret. Various independent reports note that ISIL had planted explosives in the mosque and minaret several weeks prior to the destruction. The mosque was officially recaptured by the ISF on June 29, 2017.

The ongoing fighting in Mosul has resulted in the liberation of more neighborhoods in the Old City, where many of the city’s churches are located. Four churches were reported liberated in the June reporting period (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0046; IHI 17-0047; IHI 17-0049; IHI 17-0050 in Appendix pp. 152–164, 169–175). Many of the churches had been heavily damaged in the ongoing fighting, and some had sustained intentional destruction and vandalism by ISIL. Other churches were repurposed by ISIL and used as court buildings or prisons. New evidence suggests that Mar Ephraim Church was used as a detention center for Yezidi women and girls before they were sold into sexual slavery (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0040 in Appendix pp. 115–118). Reports claim that once ISIL had stopped using the building, they either sold it or were preparing to destroy it. New information on Mariam al-Azra Church shows that ISIL sold the church, as the group ran out of funds, and contractors began to dismantle it to sell the steel beams (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0038 in Appendix pp. 108–111). Other intentional destruction by ISIL appears to have been planned but never carried out inside the Church of Mar Thomas, where columns were marked to show where explosives would have been placed (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0047 in Appendix pp. 155–164).

As the ISF cleared houses in Mosul, they have uncovered caches of artifacts (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 17-0039 in Appendix pp. 112-114). One such cache included material belonging to the Museum of Natural History at Mosul University, as well as a few books. An ASOR CHI in-country source hypothesizes that these books, as they are not from the museum, were brought into the house separately, and this house may have been used to store artifacts prior to sale/smuggling. Other reports from this period state that ISIL is leaving behind these caches of artifacts, either from the Mosul Museum or local sites, as they flee Mosul. ASOR CHI continues to monitor the reports of discovered caches, and remains concerned as to the security of such artifacts in Mosul and the surrounding areas. We also would emphasize that such abandoned material represent “leftover” cultural property, antiquities, and art that has failed to sell during the ISIL occupation and was deemed too low in value for removal by ISIL operatives evacuating the city. We have noted similar caches of low-monetary value “leftovers” in other parts of Iraq and Syria. Concomitantly, such material is not representative of the cultural property, antiquities, and art that ASOR CHI has documented on the antiquities market linked to ISIL and other groups.


During the reporting period, the Libyan National Army (LNA) expressed its intention to rid the Souq al Hout neighborhood in Benghazi of militants affiliated with the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries during the month of Ramadan. In preparation for this anticipated attack, militants appear to have demolished the Benghazi Courthouse Complex, al-Ummah Bank, the Post Office, and the Souq al-Rabea to make the adjacent streets less passable and to secure their entrenched positions (ASOR CHI Incident Report LHI 17-0005 in Appendix pp. 180–181). These buildings date from 1911–1947, and were some of the more notable sites in Benghazi. DigitalGlobe satellite imagery from June 10, 2017 shows the strategic demolition of portions of each of the buildings within the Souq al-Hout. The street-facing sides of buildings were destroyed, with debris falling into the street, in order to block movement by the LNA.

An Egyptian Air Force strike on May 27, 2017 struck the Ottoman period-fortified settlement outside Derna (ASOR CHI Incident Report LHI 17-0006 in Appendix pp. 176–179). This strike was in retaliation for the death of Coptic Christians on May 26, 2017. Both the Libyan National Army and the Egyptian Air Force targeted this site in 2015. DigitalGlobe satellite imagery shows the site has also been damaged by large heavy machinery and an earthworks project occurring between October 8, 2016 and January 30, 2017. This site has been damaged both by military activity and development over the course of the Libyan conflict. This pattern is emerging across Syria, Iraq, and Libya — as places are liberated and life starts to return to normal, development encroaches on historical and archaeological sites. ASOR CHI will continue to monitor these patterns across the region.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Corinth Excavation K-12 Educational Resources

Corinth Excavation K-12 Educational Resources
The lesson plans are gathered by a central theme or topic; however, each lesson plan is a separate entity to supplement learning within a teacher’s curriculum on ancient and medieval civilizations. For each lesson plan, a supplementary PowerPoint with images and prodecures helps make lessons ready-to-use. Lessons are aligned with Next Generation Science Standards, National Standards for History (published by the National Center for History in Schools), or Common Core State Standards.
All lessons are in English, with Greek, Mandarin Chinese, and Spanish translations planned or in progress. Lessons are available via Corinth Excavations' Google+ page along with collections of videos used in the lessons plus other bonus videos. The links below direct you to individual lesson plans stored on Corinth Excavations' Google Drive account; you may also view the entire collection of lessons here.
Water in Ancient and Modern Greece
Legacy of Ancient Greek Gods
Ancient Empires
Ancient and Modern Religion
The Byzantine Empire and Beyond
Experience Corinth: Digital Field Trip
  • Coming soon: Digital Field Trip to Corinth

Open Access Classics publications of St. Petersburg State University


Open Access Classics publications of St. Petersburg State University

[1956 Из истории древнего мира и средних веков. под ред. проф. К.М.Колобовой и проф. А.Д.Люблинской / Ученые записки Ленинградского ордена Ленина Государственого Университета им. А.А.Жданова. № 192. Исторический факультет. Серия исторических наук. Выпуск 21. Ленинград, 1956
[1982 Проблемы античной государственности. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1982
[1982 Социальная структура и политическая организация античного общества. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1982
[1984 Проблемы социально-политической организации и идеологии античного общества. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1984
[1985 Проблемы политической истории античного общества. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1985
[1986 Античная гражданская община. Проблемы социально-политического развития и идеологии. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1986
[1987 Город и государство в античном мире. Проблемы исторического развития. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1987
[1988 Античное общество и государство. Проблемы социально-политической истории. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1988
[1989 Социальная борьба и политическая идеология в античном мире. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1989
[1990 Государство, политика и идеология в античном мире. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Ленинград, 1990
[1995 Античный полис. Проблемы социально-политической организации и идеологии античного общества. СПб., 1995
[1997 Античное общество. Проблемы политической истории. Межвузовский сборник под ред. проф. Э.Д.Фролова. СПб., 1997
[1998 Античный мир. Проблемы истории и культуры. Сборник начуных статей к 65-летию со дня рождения проф. Э.Д.Фролова. Под ред. д-ра ист. наук. И.Я.Фроянова. СПб., 1998
[2002 Античное государство. Политические отношения и государственные формы в античном мире. Сборник научных статей. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2002.
[2002 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2002.
[2003 Проблемы античной истории. Сборник научных статей к 70-летию со дня рождения проф. Э.Д. Фролова. Под редакцией д-ра ист. наук А.Ю. Дворниченко. СПб., 2003.
[2003 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 2. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2003.
[2004 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 3. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2004.
[2005 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 4. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2005.
[2006 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 5. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2006.
[2007 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 6. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2007.
[2008 История: мир прошлого в современном освещении. Сборник научных статей к 75-летию со дня рождения профессора Э.Д. Фролова. Под редакцией д-ра ист. наук А.Ю. Дворниченко. СПб., 2008.
[2008 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 7. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2008.
[2009 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 8. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2009.
[2010 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 9. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2010.
[2011 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 10. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2011.
[2012 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 11. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2012.
[2013 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 12: Из истории античности и нового времени. Сборник статей к 80-летию со дня рождения профессора Э.Д. Фролова. Под редакцией професора А.Х. Даудова. Санкт-Петербург, 2013.
[2013 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 13. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2013.
[2014 Мнемон. Исследования и публикации по истории античного мира. Выпуск 14. Под редакцией професора Э.Д. Фролова. Санкт-Петербург, 2014.

Jim Davila (

The Jordanian lead codices: (1) The materials tests

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Scenes from #GenCon50

I‘m going to share some highlights from Gen Con 50, which just concluded yesterday. I’ve created it as a photo journal of the event, not all in chronological order but thematically organized. I already shared highlights from Trade Day, so I’ll focus entirely on things that happened on other days here. Let me start with […]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

High-value objects stolen from Norway museum [Updated]

High-value objects stolen from Norway museum  The Local - 14 August 2017
Several burglars climbed a scaffold to raid a collection on the seventh story of the University Museum of Bergen. [...] Which items were stolen remains unclear at the time of writing. [...] items from the Viking era may have been stolen [...] It remains unclear how it became possible to enter the building via the scaffolding. “One of our primary tasks is to protect cultural heirlooms. When we fail to do this, no explanation is good enough. This hits us at a very soft spot. We are all very shaky and feeling a sense of despair,” museum director Von Achen said. No arrests have so far been made in connection with the case.
Presumably, the objects will all be fully photographed and catalogud,. so very soon the market will be aware of what has been stolen and these objects will be impossible to sell openly. One does wonder though whether they particular items might not have been 'stolen to order' for a collector with no scruples.

Here's a facebook page with the stolen objects.

Jim Davila (

Report on ISBL Christian Apocrypha sessions

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Sin and eclipses according to the Talmud

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Today's eclipse and King Hezekiah?

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Insula: Le blog de la Bibliothèque des Sciences de l'Antiquité (Lille 3)

« Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d’Hadrien »

Un colloque, une exposition à l’Université de Lille SHS.

En septembre 2017, un colloque international plurisciplinaire et une exposition organisés à l’Université de Lille auront pour sujet la transmission de la mémoire des empereurs Trajan et Hadrien au cours de l’ensemble des périodes qui s’étendent entre 117 et 2017.


L’année 2017 marque le dix-neuvième centenaire de la mort de l’empereur Trajan et de l’accession au principat de son parent Hadrien. À l’occasion de cet anniversaire, l’Université de Lille SHS propose un colloque international et une exposition consacrés à la transmission de la mémoire de Trajan et d’Hadrien.

À première vue, tout oppose la manière dont on s’est souvenu de Trajan et celle dont on s’est souvenu d’Hadrien. Le premier est apparu de son vivant comme « le meilleur des empereurs » et on s’est souvenu de lui aux périodes ultérieures comme le  un prince conquérant, désireux d’étendre les frontières de l’Empire. Hadrien, quant à lui, a connu des fortunes et des réputations plus contrastées, mais on peut dire que globalement son image est souvent symétriquement opposée à celle de Trajan : esthète, ami des arts et de la culture hellénique, parfois présenté comme efféminé ; il est aussi présenté par l’historiographie comme celui qui, à l’inverse de Trajan, a mis fin à l’expansion territoriale et a retranché l’Empire romain derrière le limes. Ainsi il semble que ces deux empereurs aient été pensés, et surtout pensés ensemble, dans l’historiographie comme dans les arts et la littérature, comme des modèles de prince diamétralement opposés : viril contre efféminé, conquérant contre prudent, ami du Sénat contre meurtrier des « quatre consulaires », ouvert contre calculateur, mais aussi soldat contre esthète, simple contre intelligent, voire Romain contre Grec. Trajan le Romain, défenseur du mos maiorum, a pu être vu comme le symétrique d’Hadrien, le « petit Grec » (graeculus).

Pourtant, bien des traits rapprochent ces deux personnages, et leur mémoire a pu garder trace de ces points communs. Tous deux descendants de colons romains implantés en Bétique, ils sont les premiers Romains provinciaux à accéder à l’Empire. Ils sont parents, et ce trait n’est pas anecdotique : au moment de la succession de 117, la logique de la parenté l’a emporté sur le discours sur l’optimus princeps. Tous deux ont enfin reçu une formation militaire : ce qui semble évident pour Trajan est aussi vrai d’Hadrien, qui a accompli trois milices et a participé à bien des campagnes.

Ces deux mémoires, bien souvent pensées ensemble, ont sans doute été actives dès les premiers moments du règne d’Hadrien, et elles se poursuivent jusqu’aux productions les plus récentes, qu’il s’agisse de discours savants (historiographie), d’œuvres d’art (littérature en particulier) ou de médiation culturelle (muséographie, expositions). Les deux événements lillois, le colloque pluridisciplinaire et l’exposition, entendent étudier la mémoire de ces deux empereurs au cours de l’ensemble des périodes qui s’étendent entre 117 et 2017.


Exposition Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d'HadrienExposition Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d’Hadrien

Exposition du 11 septembre au 11 octobre 2017
Hall de la Bibliothèque universitaire centrale de l’Université de Lille SHS

L’exposition « Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d’Hadrien », est construite dans la continuité de l’exposition « Marguerite Yourcenar et l’empereur Hadrien : une réécriture de l’Antiquité » présentée au Forum antique de Bavay, musée archéologique du Département du Nord en 2016. L’exposition lilloise en reprend une partie des panneaux, lesquels sont complétés par d’autres réalisés pour l’occasion.

L’exposition « Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d’Hadrien », est organisée par le Learning Center de l’Université de Lille SHS et le Forum Antique de Bavay, musée archéologique du Département du Nord de Bavay.

Un prochain billet d’Insula donnera plus de détails sur le contenu de l’exposition et les activités proposées autour de celle-ci.

Expositition visible dans le hall de la Bibliothèque universitaire de Lille SHS (Métro Pont-de-Bois) du 11 septembre au 11 octobre 2017. Entrée libre, du lundi au jeudi de 8h30 à 20h00, le vendredi de 8h30 à 19h00 et le samedi de 9h00 à 12h00.

Contact : christophe.hugot @

Programme du Colloque international

Le 41e Colloque international d’Halma se déroulera les jeudi 28 et vendredi 29 septembre à la Maison de la Recherche, salle des colloques – Université de Lille SHS, Villeneuve d’Ascq et le samedi 30 septembre à la Villa Marguerite Yourcenar, Saint-Jans-Cappel.

Jeudi 28 septembre
Maison de la Recherche, salle des colloques – Université de Lille, SHS, Villeneuve d’Ascq

  • 10h00 Ouverture par Fabienne Blaise (Présidente de l’Université de Lille SHS)
  • 10h15 Propos liminaire de Stéphane Benoist (Directeur d’Halma, UMR 8164).
Colloque Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d'HadrienColloque Mémoires de Trajan, Mémoires d’Hadrien

Session 1, sous la présidence de Stéphane Benoist (Lille SHS)

  • 10h30 Introduction par Alban Gautier (Littoral Côte d’Opale) et Christine Hoët-Van Cauwenberghe (Lille SHS)

Réception depuis l’Antiquité et au-delà

  • 11h00 « Monuments de Trajan et d’Hadrien : fortunes et aléas », par Martin Galinier (Perpignan Via Domitia)
  • 11h30 « L’aristocratie et l’historiographie sénatoriale, actrices de la mémoire de Trajan et d’Hadrien. Réceptions modernes et contemporaines », par Cyrielle Landrea (Lille SHS)
  • 12h00 Discussions

Session 2, sous la présidence de Michel Amandry (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris)

  • 14h00  « Hadrien voyageur à travers les siècles », par Sylvain Destephen (Paris Ouest- Nanterre-La Défense)
  • 14h30 « SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI. Trajan et Hadrien comme modèles iconographiques de Gallien (260-268 apr. J.-C.) », par Jean-Marc Doyen (Lille SHS)
  • 15h00 « Les représentations picturales en contraste des empereurs Trajan et Hadrien à travers l’Histoire de l’Art », par Édith Marcq (Lille SHS)
  • 15h30 Discussions

Session 3, sous la présidence de Christine Hoët-Van Cauwenberghe (Lille SHS)

  • 16h30 « Les “cruches hadriennes”. Mémoires juives des empereurs Trajan et Hadrien », par Christophe Batsch (Lille SHS)
  • 17h00 « Liberator Vrbis et Fundator Quietis : Constantin, nouveau Trajan et nouvel Hadrien ? », par Caroline Blonce (Caen Normandie)

Vendredi 29 septembre
Maison de la Recherche, salle des colloques – Université de Lille, SHS, Villeneuve d’Ascq

Réécritures de l’Antiquité tardive

Session 4, sous la présidence de Janine Desmulliez (Lille SHS)

  • 09h00 « Trajan and Hadrian in the Acts of the Pagan Martyrs », par Livia Capponi (Pavie)
  • 09h30 « Mémoire de Trajan, mémoire d’Hadrien chez quatre abréviateurs du IVe siècle », par Olivier Szerwiniack (Picardie Jules Verne)
  • 10h00 « Malala, Antioch and the tradition about Trajan and Hadrian – Trajan, Hadrian and the Christians in John Malala », par Alessandro Galimberti et Marco Rizzi (Milan et Brescia, Università Cattolica)
  • 10h30 Discussions
  • 11h00 Présentation des posters et discussions
      « L’Arc de Trajan à Bénévent : la conquête de la Mésopotamie vue par Hadrien », par Christelle Ansel (Lille SHS) ; « Trajan et Hadrien divinisés à travers l’épigraphie, le culte impérial et l’architecture monumentale dans l’Afrique romaine et les provinces ibériques », par Fadhila Ben Messaoud (Dijon/Tunis) ; « Auguste/ Tibère et Trajan/Hadrien : la difficulté d’être le successeur de l’optimus princeps », par Novella Lapini (Florence) ; « Deux faces du phénix impérial : Trajan et Hadrien sur l’aureus de 117/118 », par Françoise Lecocq (Caen Normandie) ; « Que faire pour devenir Trajan quand on n’est qu’Honorius ? », par Charlotte Tournier (Lille SHS) ; « Les auditoria d’Hadrien à l’ombre de la Colonne trajane. Sur quelques monumenta de Trajan et d’Hadrien », par Michèle Villetard (Lille SHS).
  • 12h00 Visite de l’exposition
    Hall de la Bibliothèque universitaire

    Exposition réalisée avec le concours des partenaires cités, dont Christophe Hugot pour le Learning Center, du Forum antique de Bavay, musée archéologique du Département du Nord, et la participation des étudiants de l’UFR SHAP : Maxime Genon et Jean- Baptiste Roca (master Mondes Anciens), Florian Bocquet, Gabriel Contesse, Imane Pirbay (Licence d’Histoire), Estelle Berlaire Gues et Marie Havaux (doctorat).

Récits et légendes de Trajan et d’Hadrien

Session 5, sous la présidence de Michèle Gaillard (Lille SHS)

  • 14h30 « L’image de Trajan dans l’Antiquité tardive et jusque vers 800 », par Étienne Wolff (Paris Ouest- Nanterre-La Défense)
  • 15h00 « De Trajan Zeus Philios au Panthéon d’Hadrien : enjeux religieux et mémoires des Grecs et des chrétiens », par Maria Kantirea (Chypre)
  • 15h30 « Représentations hagiographiques de l’empereur romain : l’image de Trajan et d’Hadrien dans les vies de saint Eustache », par Françoise Laurent (Clermont Auvergne)
  • 16h00 Discussions

Session 6, sous la présidence de Françoise Laurent (Clermont Auvergne)

  • 17h00 « L’origine d’une légende grégorienne : la rédemption de Trajan », par Pere Maymo I Capdevila et Juan Antonio Jimenez Sanchez (Barcelone)
  • 17h30 « Trajan et Hadrien dans les îles Britanniques dans le haut Moyen Âge », par Alban Gautier (Littoral Côte d’Opale)
  • 18h00 « Trajan, de l’enfer au paradis : itinéraire médiéval de la postérité d’un empereur modèle de la Rome antique (Xe-XIIe siècle) », par André Descorps-Declere (Paris-Sorbonne)
  • 18h30 Discussions

Samedi 30 septembre
Villa Marguerite Yourcenar, Saint-Jans-Cappel

  • 08h15 Départ en bus de la rue des Canonniers à Lille (à proximité de la gare Lille-Flandres)
  • 09h30 Accueil à la Villa Marguerite Yourcenar, Centre départemental de résidence d’écrivains européens, Saint-Jans-Cappel

Transpositions contemporaines des figures de Trajan et d’Hadrien

Session 7, sous la présidence de Martin Galinier (Perpignan Via Domitia)

  • 10h00 « L’empereur Hadrien à l’opéra », par Rémy Poignault (Clermont Auvergne)
  • 10h30 « “L’art magique capable d’évoquer un visage perdu”. Mémoire des portraits de Trajan et d’Hadrien rêvés par Marguerite Yourcenar », par Alexandre Terneuil (critique littéraire)
  • 11h00 « L’image d’Hadrien dans le manga Thermae Romae », par Olivier Devillers (Bordeaux Montaigne)
  • 11h30 « Trajan, Hadrien : des empereurs de caractère(s) », par Christophe Hugot (Lille SHS)
  • 12h00 Discussions
  • 12h30 Conclusions, par Stéphane Benoist (Lille SHS)

Colloque organisé Stéphane Benoist, Alban Gautier, Christine Hoët-Van Cauwenberghe, Rémy Poignault.
Le laboratoire « Histoire, archéologie et littérature des mondes anciens » (HALMA, UMR 8164, CNRS, MCC, Université de Lille SHS), l’unité de recherche « Histoire, langues, littérature et interculturel » (HLLI, EA 4030, Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, Boulogne-sur-Mer), et l’équipe « Littératures et représentations de l’Antiquité et du Moyen Âge » (CELIS, EA 4280, Université de Clermont Auvergne) avec le concours de l’UFR des Sciences Historiques, Artistiques et Politiques et du Learning Center de l’Université de Lille SHS.

Documents utiles pour le colloque

Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

‘We’ve found the missing 20,000 years’: crucial piece in human migration puzzle

via Sydney Morning Herald, 20 August 2017: An interview with Dr Kira Westaway from the University of Wollonggong and the events leading to the paper about finding 65,000 year old human remains in Sumatra. The discovery by Australian scientist Kira Westaway took treks through Indonesian rainforest, a dogged refusal to take no for an answer, … Continue reading "‘We’ve found the missing 20,000 years’: crucial piece in human migration puzzle"

New Dawn or Letdown? Iconic Temple Makeover Gets Mixed Reviews (Photos)

via Khaosod English, 19 August 2017: Another discussion of the restoration of Wat Arun in Bangkok, which is receiving mixed reactions. The Fine Arts Department maintains it is following the established guidelines for the restoration of such work, but visitors today complain it is too white and bright than the grey tower they are used … Continue reading "New Dawn or Letdown? Iconic Temple Makeover Gets Mixed Reviews (Photos)"

Airborne LiDAR prospection at Lovea, an Iron Age moated settlement in central Cambodia

Besides the paper on stone tools of Vietnam, another paper (also by other former colleagues at the Australian National University) presents Lidar data from the iron-age settlement of Lovea in Cambodia. Recent archaeological investigations and technological applications have increased our appreciation of the intricacies of pre-Angkorian societal development. The results reveal a transformative period characterised … Continue reading "Airborne LiDAR prospection at Lovea, an Iron Age moated settlement in central Cambodia"

Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam

A new paper in Antiquity reveals the circulation and manufacture of stone tools during the Neolithic in Southern Vietnam. The paper is published by some of my former colleagues at the Australian National University. A new study shows a number of settlements along the Mekong Delta region of Southern Vietnam were part of a sophisticated … Continue reading "Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam"

August 20, 2017

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Special SOL Edition

In honor of the eclipse tomorrow, I thought I would offer some items about the sun, SOL There are some proverbs, plus a poem:

Post nubila Phoebus.
After the clouds, sunshine.

Aeternum sub sole nihil.
Nothing under the sun is eternal.

Sol efficit ut omnia floreant.
The sun makes all things flourish.

Sol omnia videt et revelat.
The sun sees and reveals all.

More about the poem:

Just as the spring rose grows (veluti rosa verna virescit) at the sight of the sun (solis ad adspectum), so I will flourish (sic ego florebo), with God looking upon me (prospiciente Deo).

Turkish Archaeological News

Church of Sts. Constantine and Helena in Edirne

Church of Sts. Constantine and Helena in Edirne

The Church of Sts. Constantine and Helena (tr. Sveti Konstantin-Elena Kilisesi, bg. Св. св. Константин и Елена) is one of the two churches of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church located in Edirne. The second church of this rite in the city is St. George's Church. The Church of Saints Constantine and Helena was built in 1869, in an astonishingly short period of just seven months. The temple was funded by Bulgarians from the regions of Macedonia and Thrace.

AIA Fieldnotes

Archaeology Family Day

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by AIA Boulder Society and the Museum of Natural History CU Boulder
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am to 4:00pm

The natural world has always been the cornerstone of human survival. Join us to try your hand at ancient technologies such as throwing an atlatl, making a clay pot, weaving a basket and more. Discover how archaeologists unlock the mysteries of the past, and use your imagination to envision technologies of the future. FREE and appropriate for all ages.

AIA Society: 


Cathy Regan
Call for Papers: 

Terracotta Warriors: Re-evaluating the Qin Legacy in the Han by Dr. Allison Miller

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by AIA Boulder Society and the Museum of Natural History at CU Boulder
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Thursday, October 5, 2017 - 7:00pm

The First Emperor’s (r. 221-210 BCE) terracotta army has captured the world’s attention since its first discovery in the 1970s. The thousands of marionette-like figures standing in formation testify to an administration that had achieved unprecedented military power. The First Emperor’s famous assemblage, however, was not the last terracotta army to be commissioned. His original assemblage inspired a long line of clay armies in the Western Han dynasty (202 BCE-9 CE).

AIA Society: 


Sarah James
Call for Papers: 

The Archaeology News Network

400 Viking objects stolen in Norway museum heist

Some 400 Viking objects were stolen from a Norwegian museum at some time over the weekend of August 11-13, the museum's director said Sunday, describing the loss as "immeasurable". Two of the many stolen tortoise brooches [Credit: Bergen University Museum]"If the stolen objects are not returned, this is by far the most terrible event in the 200 years of Norwegian museum history," the director of the University Museum of Bergen in...

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BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 2

A first-century AD tomb in Irbid, Jordan, will open to the public next month. The unique tomb contains oil paintings, transcriptions, and drawings.

A Hellenistic temple and network of water tunnels has been uncovered at Gadara.

An analysis of a water pipe from Pompeii suggest that the Romans probably experienced daily problems with vomiting and diarrhea, as well as liver and kidney damage. The problem wasn’t lead, but the acutely toxic antimony. Cf. 1 Timothy 5:23.

The latest issue of Biblical Archaeology Review has a number of articles of interest, including the capital city of Samaria, Hebrew on Herod’s time, and NT figures known outside the Bible.

The William Kelly Simpson Memorial Colloquium will be held at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History on October 7.

The Israel Exploration Society is having a clearance sale for all final reports of the Masada excavations. Each of the 8 volumes is reduced to $30 plus shipping.

Among the resources for Accordance on sale now is the three-volume Archaeology of the Land of the Bible series (by Mazar, Stern, Meyers, and Chancey).

GTI Study Tours is a unique travel agency that I’ve heard rave reviews about. They are offering a highly-discounted “Pastors and Christian Educators” Study Tour of Turkey in February with Mark Strauss.

HT: Agade, Chris McKinny, Joseph Lauer

Jim Davila (

Update on the Jubilees Palimpsest Project

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Collins & Manning, Revolt and Resistance in the Ancient Classical World and the Near East

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Review of Orlin (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Ancient Mediterranean Religions

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Jim Davila (

Genetic analysis and the lost ten tribes of Israel

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

#CFP : The Dead Sea Scrolls at Seventy

FROM THE ORION CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS: Open Call for Papers An International Symposium: The Dead Sea Scrolls at Seventy: “Clear a Path in the Wilderness” Date: 29 April–3 May, 2018 Conveners: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the University of Vienna, New York University, the Israel Antiquities Authority, The Israel Museum Venues: The Hebrew […]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

The 'Jim Crow' Heritage of the Confederate South

There is a little debate about tearing down confederate monuments in the US today - rather like Poland's (non-)debate on removing reminders of soviet dominance 1945-1989. This video is an interesting comment on part of it: The truth behind most of the Confederate monuments being torn down tells an even larger story than you'd realize — explains.

hat tip: Katie Paul

Hex of Exhibiting Collectors' Artefact Stashes for Them

Steinhardt said Turkey should have raised its claim
years earlier, since the idol has been displayed publicly for decades.
He said the provenance questions he has faced are typical for major
antiquities collectors, calling the episodes “a little bit of bad luck.” 

Christian Berthelsen and Katya Kazakina, 'Hex of the Idol: Steinhardt, Christie’s Fight Heritage Claim' Bloomberg, 18 August 2017
Increasingly, courts and public opinion have supported claims by foreign governments to return stolen treasures, in challenges to museums, auction houses and collectors. [...] Gary Vikan, former director of the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, said the pendulum has swung too far in favor of foreign governments. “The enthusiasm for disputing things -- which is borne from very just cases -- has gone beyond the boundaries of common sense. “If objects have been in the public domain, they acquire good title over time,” said Vikan, the author of 2016’s “Sacred and Stolen: Confessions of a Museum Director.”
Which is why Renfrew, nearly twenty years ago (Loot, Legitimacy and Ownership: The Ethical Crisis in Archaeology (Debates in Archaeology) 2000) was arguing that museums should not be showcasing poorly-documented objects from private collections, giving them a spurious legitimacy. Fortunately whether an object is illicit or not is based on other criteria than 'how many people saw it and did not ask questions'.

August 19, 2017

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Metropolitan Museum of Art Publications: Titles with full-text online

 [First posted in AWOL 12 October 2012, updated 19 August 2017]

MetPublications is a portal to the Met's comprehensive publishing program with 1,500 titles, including books, online publications, and Bulletins and Journals from the last five decades.
MetPublications includes a description and table of contents for most titles, as well as information about the authors, reviews, awards, and links to related Met titles by author and by theme. Current book titles that are in-print may be previewed and fully searched online, with a link to purchase the book. The full contents of almost all other book titles may be read online, searched, or downloaded as a PDF. Many of these out-of-print books will be available for purchase, when rights permit, through print-on-demand capabilities in association with Yale University Press. For the Met's Bulletin, all but the most recent issue can be downloaded as a PDF. For the Met's Journal, all individual articles and entire volumes can be downloaded as a PDF.
Readers may also locate works of art from the Met's collections that are included in every book and periodical title and access the most recent information about these works in Collections.
Readers are also directed to every title located in library catalogues on WATSONLINE and WorldCat.
Please check back frequently for updates and new book titles.
MetPublications is made possible by Hunt & Betsy Lawrence.
Titles with full-text online

IMPACT Radiological Mummy Database

 [First posted in AWOL 29 May 2012, updated 19 August 2017]

IMPACT Radiological Mummy Database
The IMPACT Radiological Mummy Database is a large-scale, multi-institutional collaborative research project devoted to the scientific study of mummified remains, and the mummification traditions that produced them, through non-destructive medical imaging technologies.

IMPACT focuses on the body,  made artifact through cultural or natural intervention, in bioarchaeology, epidemiology, and social archaeology studies of  past human societies and their genetic and cultural decendants.
Last updated: 2016, August 18
/ 1 pages
IMPACTdb/ 19 pages
Cite_IMPACT_files/ 1 pages
Contribute_Data_files/ 1 pages
Create_Reports_files/ 1 pages
IP_Policy_files/ 2 pages
PACS_db_files/ 1 pages
Page generated by - A Google sitemaps and html sitemaps generator | Copyright © 2005-2016

Sculptures de la Gaule Romaine

[First posted in AWOL 25 April 2013, updated 19 August 2017]

Sculptures de la Gaule Romaine
La base de données NEsp est issue d’un programme de recherche du Centre Camille Jullian sur les collections des sculptures romaines de la Gaule Narbonnaise.

Dans un premier temps, les données collectées dans les musées du sud de la France ont été gérées par la base NarboSculpture. Cette recherche s’est élargie, à la faveur de l’opération du Nouvel Espérandieu, Recueil Général des Sculptures sur pierre de la Gaule, menée par l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres sous la direction d’Henri LAVAGNE. Elle couvre à présent l’inventaire, la gestion, l’étude et la publication des sculptures de l’ensemble de la Gaule romaine. L’accroissement constant des données a nécessité la création de la base NEsp sous la responsabilité de Danièle Terrer.
Cette base devrait contenir au moins 15000 fiches et 60000 images. Certes, c’est un projet qui se réalise dans la durée, ce qui est, sans doute, le sort de tous les grands inventaires nationaux. Ce fut celui de l’inventaire réalisé par Emile Espérandieu de 1907 à 1938 (onze volumes), puis par Raymond Lantier de 1947 à 1966 (quatre volumes), l’ensemble constituant une collection prestigieuse de près de 10000 sculptures publiée sous le patronage de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Jusqu’à la publication d’un Nouveau Recueil Général des Sculptures sur pierre de la Gaule, c’était le seul inventaire connu.

En outre, ce premier inventaire, constitué par Emile Espérandieu au début du siècle dernier, était illustré par des plaques de verre dont nous avons pu assurer le sauvetage en les numérisant et en les indexant dans une base de données RBR en vis-à-vis de la nouvelle base NEsp . Ces plaques sont en partie conservées au Palais du Roure à Avignon et au Fort de Saint-Cyr. Jean-Daniel PARISET, Conservateur des Archives de Saint-Cyr, conscient à la fois de la précarité de ces fragiles documents du siècle dernier et de leur immense valeur de témoignage, a bien voulu entreprendre leur sauvetage, aux côtés de Henri LAVAGNE, Membre de l’Institut. La mise à disposition des plaques de verre auprès de la communauté scientifique a été rendue possible par le Ministère de la Culture (France), Médiathèque de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine. Diffusion RMN. La valorisation de ces plaques revient au Centre Camille Jullian où elles ont pu être indexées et intégrées dans la base de données RBR où sont consignés les identifications proposées par Emile Espérandieu, les références au CIL , les sources, les dessins et relevés anciens...

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

Preservationists Seek to Remove or Even Destroy Confederate Monuments

So-called "preservationists" have advocated for the removal or even destruction of Confederate war memorials as products of an inherently racist culture.  In contrast, CPO believes we should not erase history, but learn from it.

In a blog post on the subject, Obama Cultural Property Advisory Committee Appointee Prof. Rosemary Joyce justifies her views based on the assumption that

When you remove these statues to men who fought for slavery, you’re not destroying history – you’re making it.

Surprisingly, this 180 degree departure from archeology's mantra of preservation of objects in context appears to be based on little more than reductionist reasoning, i.e., the statues must be symbols of  "white supremacy" because they were produced in a racist South.  Indeed, efforts to draw attention to the fact that their iconography is virtually identical to monuments erected in the North at around the same time when the politically powerful Civil War generation was passing from the scene elicited little more than condenscending responses. It seems furthering "white supremacy" not commemoration of sacrifices on the battlefield must be the prime motivator in the South, but not the North (despite similar racist sentiments there at the time).

In any event, justifying the removal or even destruction of historical monuments by designating them as "racist" should be even more troubling given recent events in Iraq and Syria.   Indeed, there are distinct parallels between ISIS destroying "idolatrous" statues and monuments and efforts here to topple "racist" ones, not the least the motivation to deprive certain groups of artifacts deemed important to their culture (there Shia, Assyrian Christians and Yazhdis and here poor White people (who must be racist!)).  At least here, we have processes in place to allow localities and States to make the decision what to do with our Confederate monuments.  What must be avoided at all costs is another Durham, N.C., where a mob was allowed to take matters into its own hands.   

The Archaeology News Network

Metal detectorist finds rare 6th Century pendant

A rare 6th Century gold pendant featuring images from a Byzantine coin has been found by a metal detectorist more than 1,500 years after being made. The Anglo-Saxon pendant was found in a field near Attleborough on Monday [Credit: Godfrey Pratt]The early Anglo-Saxon pendant is imprinted with an image of Emperor Justinian and is thought to have been made in France. It was found by Godfrey Pratt in a field near Attleborough,...

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BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 1

Three major salvage excavations in Israel may be excavated by private companies and directed by archaeologists with little experience. (Haaretz premium)

They’re already recruiting for next summer’s excavations in Israel, and you can get all the information for digging at Shiloh here.

Aren Maeir visited the new excavations of Kiriath Jearim and was very impressed with what he saw, suggesting that the site “will become one of the most important excavations in Israel.”

Carl Rasmussen explains how a solar eclipse in 763 BC helps us to establish an absolute chronology for OT events.

Steven Weitzman answers the question, “Can Genetics Solve the Mystery of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel?”

Israel’s Good Name reports on his Bar Ilan U tour of the City of David.

Ferrell Jenkins explains the Megiddo water system with a drawing he made and several photos (including a labeled aerial photo).

Wayne Stiles shows how Banias Falls is a picture of despair.

We were very encouraged by some positive words about the new Photo Companion to the Bible by Ferrell Jenkins, Andy Naselli, Leen Ritmeyer, Charles Savelle, and Luke Chandler. Luke writes,

There is nothing like this resource available for teachers today. I cannot recommend the Gospels Photo Companion to the Bible strongly enough.

The introductory special continues through Monday, August 21.

Martin Rundkvist (Aardvarchaeology)

August Pieces Of My Mind #2

  • I don’t get it, safe deposit boxes, Sw. bankfack. Are they a disappearing bank service? Do I know anyone under the age of 50 who has one? What do you guys keep there?
  • Do you wonder if I’ve got my shit together? I’ll tell you. I have street maps of Helsinki from visits in 2002 and 2009 instantly retrievable from the bookshelf next to my desk. That’s how together I’ve got my shit, OK?
  • Sonja Virta: in the 1966 edition, Tolkien added to The Hobbit that Gollum is small and slimy. Illustrators had been drawing him too big.
  • New adjective: beshatten = very dirty. “Honey, can you find clean pants for Jr? His old ones are completely beshatten.”
  • WorldCon 75 restaurant guide: “Pasila is what the architects and city planners of the 1970s thought the future should look like.”
  • I hardly know any Finnish grammar, but it turns out I have this passive vocab that surprises me. A homeless man shuffled up to me and said “Something something kello“, and I actually understood immediately that he was asking for the time, not for a handout. It was 12:30. He thanked me politely and shuffled off.
  • Jrette saw seals, Perseid meteors and a big red August moon at camp.
  • “I hope you find your peas / Falling on your niece / Praying” Kesha
  • I pick up a spoon and a candy wrapper from the floor of Jrette’s room. “Are you QUESTIONING my INTERIOR DECORATION?!?!?”
  • The Federmesser is this Late Palaeolithic archaeological culture in Northern Europe. The word means “feather knife”. I’ve never studied its remains since they’re extremely rare in Sweden (Ice Age, 3 km thick ice, OK?). But I’ve assumed that the name is literally descriptive of a characteristic artefact type. Now I learn that a better translation is “quill knife”. Or as most people would put it, “penknife”. The Federmesser culture is the Penknife People!
  • Here’s an unexpected turn. Atheists are joining the dwindling Swedish Church in order to vote in the church elections and keep the Swedish Hate Party out of its governing boards. I consider myself a political opponent of both organisations, though I’m of course far, far more friendly to S. Church than to S. Hate.
  • Tomorrow I’m driving Junior and his furniture 330 km to Jönköping and engineering school. “You are the bows from which your children as living arrows are sent forth.”
  • The 45th presidency is like when your toddler messes with your laptop. Suddenly you have a Croatian keyboard map, a mouse cursor shaped like a banana and the screen is rotated 90 degrees. And you’re like “I had no idea you could do this! Now, how do you undo it?”
  • Local paper warns that rising sea level may obliterate thousands of islands in the Stockholm Archipelago. Neglects to mention that this would also recreate thousands of islands that have recently become part of larger land masses through post-glacial uplift.
  • Such a good day together with Junior. Now he’s in his new solo home. I bought him a toaster.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Bloggers’ Dinner and Drinks at #AARSBL17

It is time to plan for the blogging (and microblogging/tweeting/social media using) scholars who will be at AAR/SBL in Boston in November to meet. Last year we scheduled the bloggers’ gathering at the same time as the presidential addresses of the two academic organizations whose conference it is. I was in two minds about doing […]

Jim Davila (

Meat and milk, chicken and cheese

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Review of Ben Zvi and Edelman (eds.), Leadership, Social Memory and Judean Discourse in the Fifth-Second Centuries BCE

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Pedagogical candle-eating

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Catena manuscripts

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2017.08.31: Geschichte der römischen Literatur: von Andronicus bis Boethius und ihr Fortwirken. 3. Auflage (2 vols.)

Review of Michael von Albrecht, Geschichte der römischen Literatur: von Andronicus bis Boethius und ihr Fortwirken. 3. Auflage (2 vols.)​. Berlin; Boston: 2016. Pp. xxiv; xiv, 1,605. $99.95 (pb). ISBN 9783110496437.

2017.08.30: Valuing Landscape in Classical Antiquity: Natural Environment and Cultural Imagination. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 393

Review of Jeremy McInerney, Ineke Sluiter, Valuing Landscape in Classical Antiquity: Natural Environment and Cultural Imagination. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 393. Leiden; Boston: 2016. Pp. xv, 495. $181.00. ISBN 9789004319707.

AIA Fieldnotes

International Archaeology Day

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by Co-sponsored with Sappington House Museum Society, City of Crestwood, and the Archaeological Research Center of St. Louis.
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 21, 2017 - 10:00am to 2:00pm

At the Thomas Sappington House Museum. Discuss French Colonial and Early American historic archaeology in St. Louis. DO NOT MISS THE NOON performance of dramatic poetry and prose popular in 1810! Learn about broken china, glassware, animal bones, buttons as well as what nourished the soul in 1810.



AIA Society: 
Brenda Thacker
Call for Papers: 

Archaeology Magazine

Maori Settlement Discovered During Roadwork

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND—Extensive remains of a Maori village were unearthed during road construction in Papamoa, according to a report from the New Zealand Herald. Archaeologists Ken Phillips and Cameron McCaffrey were called in when the first evidence of the settlement was uncovered, and their excavation uncovered more than 300 archaeological features. These included large postholes, cooking pits, and sweet potato pits. The settlement appears to have been home to a large number of people and to date to between 1600 and 1800, though more precise information will be provided by radiocarbon dating. Several of the cooking pits had evidence of fire reddening at the bottom and sides, as well as concentrated deposits of charcoal and fire-cracked rocks. In addition, pieces of obsidian, all apparently from an island known as Tuhua, were found, providing evidence that tool manufacturing took place on the site. For more on archaeology in the region, go to “Death by Boomerang.”

Maori Settlement Discovered During Roadwork

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND—Extensive remains of a Maori village were unearthed during road construction in Papamoa, according to a report from the New Zealand Herald. Archaeologists Ken Phillips and Cameron McCaffrey were called in when the first evidence of the settlement was uncovered, and their excavation uncovered more than 300 archaeological features. These included large postholes, cooking pits, and sweet potato pits. The settlement appears to have been home to a large number of people and to date to between 1600 and 1800, though more precise information will be provided by radiocarbon dating. Several of the cooking pits had evidence of fire reddening at the bottom and sides, as well as concentrated deposits of charcoal and fire-cracked rocks. In addition, pieces of obsidian, all apparently from an island known as Tuhua, were found, providing evidence that tool manufacturing took place on the site. For more on archaeology in the region, go to “Death by Boomerang.”

August 18, 2017

Archaeology Magazine

Fifth-Century Monks’ Complex Uncovered in Egypt

Egypt Monk Complex


CAIRO, EGYPT—An excavation in Minya has turned up an ancient settlement that may have been a monks’ complex, according to a report from Ahram Online. The complex features a residential area measuring 320 by 425 feet that includes a mud-brick house once inhabited by a monk. Also discovered was a collection of burial chambers measuring 165 by 230 feet in all, as well as the lower part of a monk’s tombstone and a collection of metal coins and clay pots. Previous discoveries at the site have included the remains of a fifth-century mud-brick church, a shrine, a prayer hall, and chambers with walls on which Coptic hymns were written. For more, go to “Egypt’s Final Redoubt in Canaan.”

Poisonous Chemical Found in Pompeii Water Pipe

Pompeii Lead Pipe AntimonyPOMPEII, ITALY—Researchers have analyzed a fragment of a lead water pipe from Pompeii and found that it contained toxic levels of the chemical element antimony, reports the International Business Times. Previously, scholars had suggested that widespread lead poisoning contributed to the decline of the Roman Empire. “They used it for work pipes, for sweetening the wine, for filling out small holes in aqueducts,” said University of Southern Denmark archaeochemist Kaare Lund. “There was a lot of lead in the Roman Empire.” But Lund and his team are proposing that lead by itself didn’t pose much of a health risk, since most pipes were lined with chalky deposits that would have kept significant amounts of lead from leaking into water. But Lund notes that antimony is much more toxic than lead, and if even trace amounts of it leached into the water supply it would have had disastrous consequences, leading to kidney and liver damage and even contributing to heart attacks. The team hopes to test more Roman lead in the future to determine how common the use of antimony-laced pipes was. To read more, go to “Rome's Imperial Port.”

Dutch Shipwreck Excavated off English Coast

Dutch Ship ExcavatedKENT, ENGLAND—The Guardian reports that archaeologists from Historic England and the Netherland’s Cultural Heritage Agency have returned to the site of the 18th-century Dutch East India ship Rooswijk. The ship sank off the coast of Kent in January 1740, and all 250 aboard perished. So far this season, the team has recovered artifacts that include a sailor's shoe, glass bottles, an onion jar, and Mexican silver dollars, as well as pieces of eight. The first scientifically excavated Dutch East India ship, Rooswijk was excavated in 2005, and a quantity of silver was discovered and returned to the Netherlands. But much about the wreck remains mysterious. “We have many questions,” said Dutch maritime expert Martijn Martens. “We do not even know what this ship really looked like.” To read more about nautical archaeology, go to “History’s 10 Greatest Wrecks.”

Oral Poetry

Multiformity, Tradition, and the Aktorione Molione in early Greek Poetry and Art

[615] Those who inhabited Bouprasion and radiant Elis,
[616] as much as Hyrmine and Myrsinos on the furthest edge
[617] and the Olenion rock and Alesion contain with them,
[618] of these there were four leaders, and ten for each man
[[619] swift shifts followed, and many Epeians embarked on them.
[620] Of these Amphimakos and Thalpios were the leaders,
[621] sons, the one of Kteatos, and the other of Eurytos, the two sons of Aktor. 

A line drawing of the fibula discussed in this post (Public Domain)
A large bronze fibula in the National Museum in Athens, described as being of the so-called Attic-Boeotian type and from the Idaean Cave on Crete, and dated to 700-675 BCE, appears to show the Aktorione Molione fighting another figure. The Aktorione Molione are conjoined twins in Greek myth who were evidently formidable opponents in battle. Eventually killed in an ambush by Herakles, they fought Nestor in his youth, as Nestor recounts in books 11 and 23 of the Iliad. Their mother was Molionē, but they seem to have had both a divine father, the god Poseidon, and a mortal father, Aktor. Although they each had a name (Kteatos and Eurytos), the twins are frequently referred to in the dual with the patronymic and matronymic Aktorione Molione. The scholia in the Venetus A manuscript of the Iliad refer to the twins' paternity as being ambiguous in a comment on 11.709, where Nestor refers to them as simply the Molione:
Μολίονε: Ἄκτορος καὶ Μολίνης παῖδες Κτέατος καὶ Εὔρυτος. Κατά τινας δὲ, Μολιόνης καὶ Ποσειδῶνος...

Molione: Kteatos and Eurytos were the children of Aktor and Moline. But according to some, [they were the children] of Molione and Poseidon...
(The note goes on to discuss why Nestor might be referring to them only as the Molione, instead of the Aktorione Molione.) 

A fragment of the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, however, recounts their conception (the following partially reconstructed text and translation come from Most's 2007 Loeb edition of the Hesiodic fragments, this is fragment 17A in Merkelbach and West's edition):
καὶ τὴν μέν ῥ' Ἄ]κτωρ [θαλ]ερὴν ποιήσατ‘ ἄκοι[τιν
                              ]εος γαιηό̣χ̣ου ἐννοσιγαίου·
ἣ δ' ἅρ' ἐνὶ μεγ]άροις διδυ̣μάονε γείνατο τέκ[νω 
Ἄκτορι κυσαμ]ένη καὶ ἐρικτ̣ύ̣π̣ω̣ι̣ ἐννοσιηγαί̣[ωι,
ἀπλήτω, Κτέα]τ̣ό̣ν τε καὶ Εὔ̣ρυτον, οἷσι πόδες [μ]έ̣ν̣.[
ἦν τέτορες, κ]εφα̣λ̣α̣ὶ̣ δ̣ὲ̣ δ̣ύ̣ω̣ ἰ̣δ̣ὲ̣ χ̣εῖρες εεισ̣[. .]ν̣
                            ὤ]μων δ̣.φ̣υ̣[. .]κ̣α̣π̣ι̣σ̣χι[. . . . .]μ̣ε̣ν̣[          

Actor made her his [vigorous] wife.  
                             ] of the Earth-holder, Earth-shaker;
she] bore [in the] halls two twin sons, 
pregnant by Actor] and by the loud-sounding Earth-shaker,
dreadful both, Cteatus] and Eurytus, whose feet
were four in number,] and their heads two, and hands [
                            ] from shoulders
The Iliad never indicates explicitly that the Aktorione Molione are conjoined twins (and other closely associated figures are referred to in the dual in this way in the poem), but the Hesiodic passage certainly appears to be depicting them as being conjoined. Moreover, in Iliad 23.638–42, Nestor tells a story in which he loses a chariot race to the Aktorione Molione. Snodgrass [1998:29] has pointed out in connection with this passage that both twins participate in what seems to be a one-man race with Nestor, and indeed their conjoined nature seems to be (at least in part) why they are so formidable: they are two men fighting as one (and one of those two is the son of a god!).  It is difficult to be absolutely sure as to what the Hesiodic fragment is saying about their paternity, but other figures in Greek myth have both a mortal and a divine father: Helen, for example is biologically the daughter of Zeus, but was raised as the daughter her mortal "father" Tyndareus, and her twin brothers, Kastor and Polydeukes, are biologically the sons of Tyndareus and Zeus respectively, one mortal, one divine. The Hesiodic text then may be saying that both Aktor and Poseidon are the biological fathers of the twins, in a pattern found elsewhere in Indo-European myth, as Douglas Frame has explored in his work Hippota Nestor (2009):
The Molione, who are rescued from Nestor’s path by Poseidon, are another pair of Indo-European twins with clear distinctions between them. Like the Dioskouroi they have dual paternity, being sons of a god, Poseidon, and a mortal, Aktor: their patronymic Aktoríōne contains their mortal father’s name. In the Catalogue of Ships, where two of the four leaders from Bouprasion and Elis are sons of the Molione, the Molione themselves are given individual names, Kteatos and Eurytos. Pindar Olympian 10.26–27 calls Kteatos the son of Poseidon, and Eurytos must therefore be the son of Aktor. (Frame, Hippota Nestor, Part II Chapter 2)
In addition to the early Greek poetic references we have noted so far, there are numerous depictions of the Aktorione Molione in Late Geometric art: Snodgrass notes that there are at least fourteen from this time period. As Coldstream has pointed out, their presence on ceramic vases and elsewhere allows us to find narrative in early Greek art where we might otherwise assume a representation of daily life. For example, a monumental vase attributed to the workshop of the "Dipylon master" (Louvre A519), used as grave marker, shows warriors in battle. If it weren't for the discernable presence of the Aktorione-Molione, we would not know that this a mythical, epic scene (see the drawing in Coldstream 1991, p. 50). Here are some of my own photos of another similar vase in the Louvre, where once again a four-legged figure appears to be fighting (and once again, we only seem to have the legs preserved!):

Other surviving examples are far more clear in their depiction of two men fighting as one (see examples in Snodgrass 1998). These vases are telling a story, and an epic one at that. 

The popularity of the Aktorione Molione as a subject in art may have to do with the way that their distinctive conjoined body allows the artist to invoke a recognizable story, rather than because of any poetic fad. Much ink has been spilled on the question of whether or not Late Geometric artists knew their Homer, and the differences between Nestor's tales about the Aktorione Molione in the Iliad and surviving visual representations have been extensively analyzed. I submit that of course the artists knew their Homer. What they might not have known is our Homer—that is to say, the Iliad and Odyssey as we now know them. As I have argued in my published work and in previous posts, the oral epic poetic tradition in which our Iliad was composed predates these works of art by at least a thousand years, but the tradition was a dynamic and multiform one. The Iliad and Odyssey surely existed as recognizable songs by this time, but they were being composed anew in performance every time within a system that was still very creative and generative. The myths that were being narrated by the poets in epic songs existed in multiple, at times competing versions, and they were being performed by competing epic poets who did not all sing the story in exactly the same way. The painters too must have had their own traditional ways of telling these stories visually (handed down as they were from master to apprentice over generations) that did not depend on what the poets were doing. What seems clear is that when Nestor recalls the Aktorione Molione as part of his youthful exploits, he alludes to what would have been a well established mythological tradition known to poets, artists, and their audiences. He refers to them hypertextually as it were, activating in the audience's mind their knowledge of another epic cycle of tales now largely lost to us. (For more on the concept of "hypertextual" references in Homer, see previous posts.)

But the tales of the Aktorione Molione are not entirely lost; multiform though those tales seem to have been, they can be at least partially reconstructed from the surviving references to them. Here are the key passages from Iliad 11.707ff concerning the Aktorione Molione (in which Nestor is telling a story about a battle he fought when he was still a youth): 

[707]                                 οἳ δὲ τρίτῳ ἤματι πάντες
[708] ἦλθον ὁμῶς αὐτοί τε πολεῖς καὶ μώνυχες ἵπποι
[709] πανσυδίῃμετὰ δέ σφι Μολίονε θωρήσσοντο
[710] παῖδ᾽ ἔτ᾽ ἐόντ᾽οὔ πω μάλα εἰδότε θούριδος ἀλκῆς...  

[717]                                                οὐδέ με Νηλεὺς
[718] εἴα θωρήσσεσθαιἀπέκρυψεν δέ μοι ἵππους:
[719] οὐ γάρ πώ τί μ᾽ ἔφη ἴδμεν πολεμήϊα ἔργα.
[720] ἀλλὰ καὶ ὧς ἱππεῦσι μετέπρεπον ἡμετέροισι
[721] καὶ πεζός περ ἐώνἐπεὶ ὧς ἄγε νεῖκος Ἀθήνη...

[737] ἀλλ᾽ ὅτε δὴ Πυλίων καὶ Ἐπειῶν ἔπλετο νεῖκος,
[738] πρῶτος ἐγὼν ἕλον ἄνδρα, κόμισσα δὲ μώνυχας ἵππους,
[739] Μούλιον αἰχμητήν: γαμβρὸς δ᾽ ἦν Αὐγείαο,
[740] πρεσβυτάτην δὲ θύγατρ᾽ εἶχε ξανθὴν Ἀγαμήδην,
[741] ἣ τόσα φάρμακα ᾔδη ὅσα τρέφει εὐρεῖα χθών.
[742] τὸν μὲν ἐγὼ προσιόντα βάλον χαλκήρεϊ δουρί,
[743] ἤριπε δ᾽ ἐν κονίῃσιν: ἐγὼ δ᾽ ἐς δίφρον ὀρούσας
[744] στῆν ῥα μετὰ προμάχοισιν: ἀτὰρ μεγάθυμοι Ἐπειοὶ
[745] ἔτρεσαν ἄλλυδις ἄλλος, ἐπεὶ ἴδον ἄνδρα πεσόντα
[746] ἡγεμόν᾽ ἱππήων, ὃς ἀριστεύεσκε μάχεσθαι.
[747] αὐτὰρ ἐγὼν ἐπόρουσα κελαινῇ λαίλαπι ἶσος,
[748] πεντήκοντα δ᾽ ἕλον δίφρους, δύο δ᾽ ἀμφὶς ἕκαστον
[749] φῶτες ὀδὰξ ἕλον οὖδας ἐμῷ ὑπὸ δουρὶ δαμέντες.

[750] καί νύ κεν Ἀκτορίωνε Μολίονε παῖδ᾽ ἀλάπαξα,
[751] εἰ μή σφωε πατὴρ εὐρὺ κρείων ἐνοσίχθων
[752] ἐκ πολέμου ἐσάωσε καλύψας ἠέρι πολλῇ.

[707]                                        On the third day they all
[708] came, both the many men themselves and the solid-hoofed horses,
[709] at great speed. And with them the two Molione armed themselves,
[710] although they were still young, not yet knowing much about rushing combat [alkê]...

[717]                                                Neleus did not
[718] allow me to arm myself, but hid my horses;
[719] for he said that I did not yet know the deeds of war at all.
[720] But even so I stood out among our horsemen,
[721] although I was on foot, for so Athena led the fighting [neikos]...

[737] But when the fighting [neikos] began between the Pylians and the Epeians,
[738] I was the first to slay a man, and I took his solid-hoofed horses,
[739] the spearman Moulios; he was the son-in-law of Augeias
[740] and had his oldest daughter, golden-haired Agamede,
[741] who knew as many drugs as the wide earth grows.
[742] Him I hit with my bronze-tipped spear as he advanced,
[743] and he fell in the dust; and I, leaping onto his chariot,
[744] stood with the champions in front; and the great-hearted Epeians
[745] fled in all directions when they saw that man fallen,
[746] the leader of their horsemen, who was the best at fighting.
[747] But I rushed ahead, same as a dark whirlwind,
[748] and I seized fifty chariots, and on either side of each two
[749] men bit the ground with their teeth, subdued by my spear.
[750] And I would also have destroyed the young Aktorione Molione
[751] if their father, the wide-ruling earthshaker,
[752] had not saved [sôzô] them from the battle, covering them with a great mist.*           
In these passages we learn that the young Aktorione Molione, like the young Nestor, were eager for war even before they were properly of age to fight. During Nestor's tremendous aristeia, in which he destroys fifty chariots and their warriors among many others, the Aktorione Molione are held up as the only ones Nestor couldn't stop, and that only because their father Poseidon covered them in a mist—to which we can compare Apollo's of preservation of Hektor by similar means in Iliad 20 (as well as Poseidon's preservation of Aeneas in that same book and Aphrodite's rescue of Alexander in Iliad 3). Likewise in Iliad 23, the Aktorione Molione are the only ones who can defeat Nestor in a chariot race:
[638] οἴοισίν μ᾽ ἵπποισι παρήλασαν Ἀκτορίωνε
[639] πλήθει πρόσθε βαλόντες ἀγασσάμενοι περὶ νίκης,
[640] οὕνεκα δὴ τὰ μέγιστα παρ᾽ αὐτόθι λείπετ᾽ ἄεθλα.
[641] οἳ δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἔσαν δίδυμοι: ὃ μὲν ἔμπεδον ἡνιόχευεν,
[642] ἔμπεδον ἡνιόχευ᾽, ὃ δ᾽ ἄρα μάστιγι κέλευεν.
[638] Only with horses did the two Aktorione surpass me,
[639] surging ahead because of their greater number, ever so eager for victory
[640] because the biggest prizes were left for that event.
[641] They were twins, you see; the one steadfastly held the reins,
[642] steadfastly held the reins, and the other urged on with the whip.*
Obviously, Nestor has reason to portray them as formidable, but he/the poet could have chosen any number of opponents to fill the narrative function for which the Aktorione Molione are used here. It seems likely that the Aktorione Molione were traditionally associated with fearsome prowess, and that in the poetic traditions in which Nestor featured as a youth they were traditionally opposed to him. Those traditions are primarily known to us now through Nestor's memories related in the Iliad, but they may well have been at one time the subject of their own songs. 

The Aktorione Molione were heroes of an earlier generation than those of the Trojan War, much like Herakles, who was one of the Argonauts and who was responsible for an earlier sack of Troy (alluded to in Iliad 7.451-453, 20.145-148, and 21.442-45) amidst his other labors, but who did not fight in the later Trojan War. So it is not surprising that in fact the Aktorione Molione and Herakles did fight each other, and indeed it is Herakles who ultimately kills them. The story is preserved in Pindar (Olympian 10.26–34) and Apollodorus (2.7.2). (See also Ibycus fr. 4.) Here are the relevant verses from Pindar:
ἐπεὶ Ποσειδάνιον 
πέφνε Κτέατον ἀμύμονα, 
πέφνε δ᾽ Εὔρυτονὡς Αὐγέαν λάτριον 
ἀέκονθ᾽ ἑκὼν μισθὸν ὑπέρβιον 

πράσσοιτολόχμαισι δὲ δοκεύσαις ὑπὸ Κλεωνᾶν δάμασε  
καὶ κείνους Ἡρακλέης ἐφ᾽ ὁδῷ, 
ὅτι πρόσθε ποτὲ Τιρύνθιον 
ἔπερσαν αὐτῷ στρατὸν 
μυχοῖς ἥμενον Ἄλιδος 
Μολίονες ὑπερφίαλοι.

when he [Herakles] had slain the son of Poseidon,
the faultless Kteatos,
and he had slain Eurytos, in order that from the unwilling Augeas,
who was overwhelming in his might, his servant's wages
he might willingly recover;
Herakles overcame them after keeping a lookout for them in a thicket below Kleonai
and slew them by the roadside,
because once before they had destroyed
his Tirynthian army,
when it was encamped in an innermost recess of Elis,
the excessively arrogant Moliones.
Mary Ebbott and I discuss Herakles' ambush of the Aktorione Molione as an example of the epic pattern in which a formidable enemy who can't be defeated in battle is taken down instead by ambush tactics (see Dué and Ebbott 2010:98). Rhesos, who is killed by Odysseus in and Diomedes in Iliad 10, is one such hero, but there are quite a few other examples. Apollodorus adds additional details to the story as told in Pindar: Herakles had made a truce with the Aktorione Molione because he was ill, but they attacked his army and killed many while Herakles retreated. He then ambushes them on their way to the Isthmian games. The key sequence is that Herakles ambushes them because earlier he could not defeat them in a standing battle. Within the tradition of the Trojan War, the primary example of this kind of ambush is the use of the wooden horse to ambush and defeat the Trojans when ten years of polemos alone cannot.

The surviving sources, some poetic and some visual, strongly suggest that the Aktorione Molione were at one time deeply embedded in the mythological and poetic system in which the Iliad and Odyssey were composed, and that they were featured in epic songs about events that take place chronologically prior to the Trojan War. Their sons are included in the Catalogue of Ships, and one of them, Amphimakhos, son of Kteatos, son of Aktor, is killed by Hektor in Iliad 13.185. Nestor can refer to them, and the poet can expect his audience to know their backstory, and how frightening and skilled they were, whether in battle or chariot racing. The Aktorione Molione had a story, and although our evidence suggests that there were some variations on that story (such as the exact nature of their paternity) in antiquity, it was a story that was known to tradition and could be invoked in the process of composition in performance. For that reason, Nestor could not have killed them during his youthful aristeia. Poseidon had to rescue them, because, much like Aeneas in his encounter with Achilles in Iliad 20, death at the hands of Nestor would have have been ὑπερ μόρον. (See also Frame 2009, citing Cantieni 1942:76.)

And now finally I return to the bronze fibula with which I began. We now know that the Aktorione Molione are depicted, and we know why they look as they do, with seemingly one body, four arms and four legs. But who are they fighting? The museum's description says they are fighting Herakles. But if indeed the Aktorione Molione, like Rhesos, could only be killed by ambush, it is much more likely that they are fighting Nestor (or another warrior) in conventional battle. 

Works cited

Cantieni, R. 1942. Die Nestorerzählung im XI. Gesang der Ilias (V. 670–762). Zurich.
Coldstream, J. 1991. "The Geometric style: the birth of the picture." In T. Rasmussen and N. Spivey, eds., Looking at Greek Vases. Cambridge.
Dué, C. and M. Ebbott, eds. 2010. Iliad 10 and the Poetics of Ambush. Washington, DC. 
Frame, D. Hippota Nestor. 2009. Washington, DC.
Snodgrass, A. 1998. Homer and the Artists: Text and Picture in Early Greek Art. Cambridge.
*My translations from Iliad 11 and 23 were made together with Douglas Frame, Mary Ebbott, Leonard Muellner, and Gregory Nagy. See also Frame, Hippota Nestor (Center for Hellenic Studies, 2009), Part II chapter 4:

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Open Access Monograph Series: Wilkinson Egyptology Series

Wilkinson Egyptology Series
Founded in 2013, the Wilkinson Egyptology Series is a peer-reviewed imprint of the UAEE. The series is open to proposals from all scholars in the field of Egyptology for publication of monographs, comprehensive site reports, conference proceedings, and other edited works. The goal of the Series is to assist scholars in bringing high-quality work to print quickly, through a review process akin to those of most major journals. After a period of not more than five years, each volume will be made available online, free of charge. The series is named after and designed to reflect Richard H. Wilkinson's prolific academic career: producing the highest quality work in a timely manner. Contributions to the UAEE in honor of Professor Wilkinson will be marked to support the Series specifically, and can be made here.

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Archaeological Research in the Valley of the Kings and Ancient Thebes: Papers Presented in Honor of Richard H. Wilkinson (ISBN 978-0964995819; 2013)

Wilkinson Egyptology Series, vol. I

In August 2013, the UAEE published Archaeological Research in the Valley of the Kings and Ancient Thebes: Papers Presented in Honor of Richard H. Wilkinson, edited by P.P. Creasman. At nearly 400 pages and including 125+ color illustrations, this work is composed of two dozen chapters by leading scholars from around the world. A great variety of new discoveries and current research are presented, covering topics as diverse as ancient tomb robbery to historic love letters.
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The Temple of Tausret (ISBN 978-0964995826; 2011)

A report of UAEE's  excavations from 2004 to 2011 of the remains of the temple of millions of years of Tausert, the 19th Dynasty queen who ruled as a king ca. 1200 B.C.E., edited by R.H. Wilkinson.
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Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs  (1995)

The papers from the International Conference on the Valley of the Kings conducted by the Egyptian Expedition were published as Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs (Tucson, 1995).
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Open Access Journal: Neronia Electronica

[First posted in AWOL 28 February 2012. Updated 16 November 2014]

Neronia Electronica
ISSN: 2272-6985
La Revue NERONIA ELECTRONICA, à comité de lecture international, a pour objectif de nourrir la recherche et le débat scientifique sur l’époque néronienne (de Claude à Titus), ses racines hellènes, hellénistiques et romaines, son legs historique et son image jusqu’à aujourd’hui. Conformément à la vocation de la société, elle accueille des travaux des différents champs disciplinaires (histoire, littérature, philosophie, histoire de l’art, droit, archéologie, épigraphie, numismatique) en étant ouverte aux problématiques transversales et aux débats scientifiques.
La revue publie :
Sont acceptées des contributions dans les langues suivantes : français, anglais, allemand, espagnol, italien.

    Neronia Electronica – Fascicule 4 (2016)

    Sommaire L’image de Claude dans l’Antiquité.  Du maître de la mer au jouet de la cour (Anne-Claire Michel) The Rhetorical Construction of Female Characters and the Imperial Image of Nero in Tacitus’ Annals  (Sarah F. L. Azevedo) Afranius Burrus dans … Continuer la lecture
    Publié dans Précédents fascicules de Neronia Electronica | Laisser un commentaire

    Neronia Electronica – Fascicule 3 (2014)

    Sommaire • Les cités thessaliennes et Néron : à propos d’une inscription inédite de Larissa. (Athanasios Tziafalias, Ancien Ephore des Antiquités de Larisa (Thessalie) et Richard Bouchon, Maître de Conférences en histoire grecque – Université Lumière Lyon 2 – HiSoMA UMR5189) … Continuer la lecture
    Publié dans Précédents fascicules de Neronia Electronica | Laisser un commentaire

    Neronia Electronica – Fascicule 2 (2012)

    Sommaire • Dionysiaca aurea: The development of Dionysian images from Augustus to Nero. (Stéphanie Wyler – Université Paris 7 – Anhima, UMR 8210) • Les passages relatifs à Ofonius Tigellinus dans les Annales de Tacite. (Sandra Delage – Université Bordeaux … Continuer la lecture
    Publié dans Précédents fascicules de Neronia Electronica | Laisser un commentaire

    Neronia Electronica – Fascicule 1 (2011)

    Sommaire • Les réformes électorales de Caligula et de Néron. Quelques réflexions. (Virginie Hollard – Lyon) • Le récit de l’année 53 dans les Annales de Tacite (12.58-63). (Olivier Devillers – Bordeaux) • La ex Vigna Barberini e le costruzioni … Continuer la lecture
    Publié dans Précédents fascicules de Neronia Electronica | 2 commentaires

      Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum Old Kingdom Volumes Online

      [First posted in AWOL 18 July 2012, updated 18 August 2017]

      Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum: Lose-Blatt-Katalog Ägyptischer Altertümer
      Old Kingdom Volumes Courtesy of
      The Giza Digital Library

      TitleRelated PeopleDate of Publication
      Hölzl, Regina. Reliefs und Inschriftensteine des Alten Reiches I. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 18. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1999. Regina Hölzl1999
      Hölzl, Regina. Reliefs und Inschriftensteine des Alten Reiches 2.Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 21. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 2001. Regina Hölzl2001
      Jaroš-Deckert, Brigitte. Statuen des Alten Reiches. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 15. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1993. Brigitte Jaroš-Deckert1993
      Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches. Teil 1. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 3. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1978. Karl Martin1978
      Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches. Teil 2. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 7. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1979. Karl Martin1979
      Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches und verwandte Denkmäler. Teil 3. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 8. Mit Beiträgen von Peter Kaplony. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1980. Karl Martin1980
      Martin-Pardey, Eva. Plastik des Alten Reiches . Teil 1. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 1. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1977. Eva Martin-Pardey1977
      Martin-Pardey, Eva. Plastik des Alten Reiches . Teil 2. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 4. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1978. Eva Martin-Pardey1978
      Martin-Pardey, Eva. Eingeweidegefässe. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 5. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1979. Eva Martin-Pardey1979
      Martin-Pardey, Eva. Grabbeigaben, Nachträge und Ergänzungen. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 6. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1991. Eva Martin-Pardey1991

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Ancient village unearthed at Papamoa roundabout

      The remains of an ancient Maori village offering a rare insight for archaeologists has been...

      Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

      Doing the Right Thing: Presidenting is More Difficult than Some thought

      In the US, the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities has just resigned, every member. They have made public the letter they wrote to him, very strong and fine words, It ends:
      Supremacy, discrimination and vitriol are not American values. Your values are not American values. We must be better than this. We are better than this. If this is not clear to you, we call on you to resign your office too.
      PCAH is an official agency, that makes this the first White House department to resign.

      David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

      On Antimony in Pipes and Pompeii: Yeah … About That

      Yesterday evening came the first word of a study bringing up the old idea of ‘lead and the downfall of Rome’ with a different twist. Specifically, that it wasn’t lead that was a big deal at Pompeii, but rather antimony, which can have all sorts of nasty ill effects in various contexts.  It is rather problematic as I see it, and hopefully this post will prevent the sensationalism which is already starting to percolate around this study. Let’s begin with the press release from the University of Southern Denmark:

      The ancient Romans were famous for their advanced water supply. But the drinking water in the pipelines was probably poisoned on a scale that may have led to daily problems with vomiting, diarrhoea, and liver and kidney damage. This is the finding of analyses of water pipe from Pompeii.

       The concentrations were high and were definitely problematic for the ancient Romans. Their drinking water must have been decidedly hazardous to health.

      This is what a chemist from University of Southern Denmark reveals: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, a specialist in archaeological chemistry. He analysed a piece of water pipe from Pompeii, and the result surprised both him and his fellow scientists. The pipes contained high levels of the toxic chemical element, antimony.

      The result has been published in the journal, Toxicology Letters.

      Romans poisoned themselves

      For many years, archaeologists have believed that the Romans’ water pipes were problematic when it came to public health. After all, they were made of lead: a heavy metal that accumulates in the body and eventually shows up as damage to the nervous system and organs. Lead is also very harmful to children. So there has been a long-lived thesis that the Romans poisoned themselves to a point of ruin through their drinking water.
      However, this thesis is not always tenable. A lead pipe gets calcified rather quickly, thereby preventing the lead from getting into the drinking water. In other words, there were only short periods when the drinking water was poisoned by lead: for example, when the pipes were laid or when they were repaired: assuming, of course, that there was lime in the water, which there usually was, says Kaare Lund Rasmussen.

      Instead, he believes that the Romans’ drinking water may have been poisoned by the chemical element, antimony, which was found mixed with the lead.

      Advanced equipment at SDU

      Unlike lead, antimony is acutely toxic. In other words, you react quickly after drinking poisoned water. The element is particularly irritating to the bowels, and the reactions are excessive vomiting and diarrhoea that can lead to dehydration. In severe cases it can also affect the liver and kidneys and, in the worst-case scenario, can cause cardiac arrest.

      This new knowledge of alarmingly high concentrations of antimony comes from a piece of water pipe found in Pompeii.

      – Or, more precisely, a small metal fragment of 40 mg, which I obtained from my French colleague, Professor Philippe Charlier of the Max Fourestier Hospital, who asked if I would attempt to analyse it. The fact is that we have some particularly advanced equipment at SDU, which enables us to detect chemical elements in a sample and, ever more importantly, to measure where they occur in large concentrations.

      Volcano made it even worse

      Kaare Lund Rasmussen underlines that he only analysed this one little fragment of water pipe from Pompeii. It will take several analyses before we can get a more precise picture of the extent, to which Roman public health was affected.

      But there is no question that the drinking water in Pompeii contained alarming concentrations of antimony, and that the concentration was even higher than in other parts of the Roman Empire, because Pompeii was located in the vicinity of the volcano, Mount Vesuvius. Antimony also occurs naturally in groundwater near volcanoes.

      This is what the researchers did

      The measurements were conducted on a Bruker 820 Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer.

      The sample was dissolved in concentrated nitric acid. 2 mL of the dissolved sample was transferred to a loop and injected as an aerosol in a stream of argon gas which was heated to 6000 degrees C by the plasma.

      All the elements in the sample were ionized and transferred as an ion beam into the mass spectrometer. By comparing the measurements against measurements on a known standard the concentration of each element is determined.

      The story was picked up practically verbatim by the usual science sites:

      It’s also been picked up elsewhere and rewritten:

      So much for coverage. If one goes to the actual article and downloads it (for 36 bucks), there will be profound disappointment, as the press release is probably as long as the article (fortunately I have a son with access). Here’s the citation if you care to pursue it (it’s considered ‘in press, corrected copy’):

      P. Charlier, F. Bou Abdallah, R. Bruneau, S. Jacqueline, A. Augias, R. Bianucci, A. Perciaccante, D. Lippi, O. Appenzeller, K.L. Rasmussen, Did the Romans die of antimony poisoning? The case of a Pompeii water pipe (79 CE), Toxicology Letters, 2017, ISSN 0378-4274,

      As is usually the case, I will preface my objections/observations by pointing out I’m a Classicist, not a scientist, but there are a couple of things in this study which set off alarm bells: one from a Classics standpoint, and one from a Science standpoint. First, the Classics objection: the piece of pipe that was studied was “a small metal fragment of 40 mg, which I obtained from my French colleague, Professor Philippe Charlier of the Max Fourestier Hospital.” As I voiced briefly on Twitter a couple of times, this is not really acceptable, even as a starting point. How does a Professor in a French hospital come to have a piece of Pompeii pipe? The Toxicology Letters article says it comes from the House of Caecilius Jucundus from 1875 and is now in a private collection. I really think we need some documentation confirming that provenance. Yes, the House of Caecilius Jucundus was excavating in 1875, but how did this tiny piece of pipe come to be in France? There are plenty of sources of Roman lead to be found, and our current knowledge of the antiquities market suggests we need more assurance in regards to how this piece got to France from Pompeii, if indeed it did.

      The other objection is tied more to the piece in Toxicology Letters. Without getting into lead and calcification of pipes which has recently been called into question (see, e.g., D. Keenan-Jones, Lead contamination in the drinking water of Pompeii) we note this comment in the article, dealing with the ‘leachability’ of antimony into a water supply from lead pipes:

      This is an alarming level because antimony is easily leached from the lead water pipe, and antimony poses a serious health hazard, as demonstrated by a study conducted on loops of lead pipes containing twenty Sn/Sb joints soldered by antimony. Barely detectable initially (less than 0.004 ppm), antimony concentration in the water running through the pipes reached a level of 0.01 ppm in 4 days, and of 0.068 ppm within four weeks (corresponding to 0.068 mg/L) (Murrell, 1987). This effect has not been reproduced by other studies due to the variability of experimental conditions such as water pH, debit, and concentration of antimony in the pipes.

      The first thing to note is that the comparative study is based on pipes which were soldered with antimony, so the water flowing through those pipes presumably would come in direct contact. Roman pipes were soldered with lead, not antimony. Second, we seem to be dealing with some sort of closed system involving ‘loops’, so a particular quantity of water would be repeatedly exposed to the antimony solder as opposed to just flowing through a pipe, presumably picking up more antimony each time around. That looks like a situation which will skew results. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the effect is apparently not reproducible and hasn’t been reproduced in thirty years. If you’re interested in tracking down that study (which Google couldn’t find today):

      Murrell, N.E., 1987. Impact of Metal Solders on Water Quality. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American Water Works Association, Part 1. Denver American Water Works Association pp. 39–43.

      That said, it’s worth noting that the author of the study is aware of the limitations based on one sample, but that admission will be forgotten in the sensational headlines. In the press release:

      Kaare Lund Rasmussen underlines that he only analysed this one little fragment of water pipe from Pompeii. It will take several analyses before we can get a more precise picture of the extent, to which Roman public health was affected.

      The piece in Toxicology Letters concludes with:

      We strongly suggest further studies (including antimony level analyses in human bones and coprolites) to verify this groundbreaking theory.

      In other words, by all accounts we’re still at the theory stage. This really shouldn’t be getting press coverage yet, much less sensational headlines.

      Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

      A rather useful plan of the Quirinal temple

      A correspondent, Rene Fassaert, has directed my attention to a 1910 two-volume item Monuments Antiques, which contains some architectural materials for ancient Greece and Rome.[1]  It’s online in very high resolution at the University of Texas here.

      On p.172 of the second volume (p.77 of the PDF), there is a splendid plan of the massive temple on the Quirinal Hill in Rome.  This very clearly relates the great stairwell down the hill to the existing layout of the Colonna gardens.

      The plate also contains a reconstruction of the whole plan of the temple.  For some reason the original had this upside down, so I have corrected it.

      Here it is.  As ever, click on it for a larger image.

      Much of the area of gardens to the left of the plan is now part of the Gregorian University.  But the plan is still useful as a guide to what might be where.

      UPDATE: I have had to reduce the size of the image, as the downloads were too much for my site bandwidth.  You can of course follow the link to get the full size original.

      1. [1]Monuments antiques : relevés et restaurés par les architectes pensionnaires de l’Académie de France à Rome; / notices archéologiques par Georges Seure, 2 vols, 1910.

      Perseus Digital Library Updates

      Why we need user profiles and a new Perseus

      Alison Babeu called my attention to a recent blog by a Princeton Classics undergrad that really captured a major challenge and opportunity for a new Perseus. Solveig Lucia Gold described her own reaction to the ups and downs of using the reading support that Perseus has offered for Greek and Latin for decades (and, indeed, since before many of our undergraduates were born, if we consider the CD ROM versions of Perseus). The situation will be even better — or worse — when we finally integrate treebanks and alignments between the source texts and the translations. At that point, you can puzzle out almost any text in any language. We have treebanks (morphological and syntactic analyses) for every single word in the Homeric Epics, for example — you have interpretations for any sentence in these epics.

      But you can’t read Plato’s Rebublic or the Iliad or the Diwan of Hafez (to shift to Persian) by looking up every single word — true reading and true appreciation requires that we internalize as much of a language as possible.

      The goal is not to replace learning but to provide a scaffolding whereby we can go from no knowledge to as much internalized understanding as we have the time and determination to acquire. If I were to pick one challenge for the coming ten years, it would be to create the framework to foster such learning. (And here I look forward to the next generation of work from Alpheios.)

      There is no greater topic for research in historical languages than enhancing the ways in which we human beings are able to learn those languages — a question that is technical, social, and profoundly intellectual, for it challenges us to understand why we care about the past as much as we do — and why we should care even more.

      Penn Museum Blog

      Medical Residents Explore Implicit Bias at the Penn Museum

      Looking closely: Marina Di Bartolo, far left, with fellow medical residents, and Program Director Marc Shalaby, MD, examining the seated statue of Ramesses II in the Egypt (Mummies) Gallery.

      Fresh Eyes in the Galleries 

      It was 8:00 am on a Thursday morning in July, early for most Museum staff, but the special visitors from the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania—seven medical residents and a program director—appeared wide awake and ready to engage.

      The residents had agreed to participate in a pilot program at the Museum, the brainchild of second year internal medicine resident Marina Di Bartolo, developed in conjunction with Dr. Anne Tiballi, an anthropologist and the Andrew W. Mellon Director of Academic Engagement at the Penn Museum. Marina had participated in a similar program as a medical student at Yale, where students focused primarily on training in deep observation, engaging primarily with European paintings from the Center for British Art. The Penn Museum project would include deep observation training, but the goal of the training went a step further: to help emerging doctors recognize and reduce implicit bias, bias that can interfere with doctor/patient communications and effectiveness when working with diverse patients. Marc Shalaby, MD, the Program Director for Primary Care Residency, was excited about the idea of exploring implicit bias, and supportive of the pilot project with the Museum.

      The focus of the observation, on this morning, would be a selection, not of paintings, but of culturally diverse objects from the Penn Museum’s international, and internationally renowned, collections.

      About Implicit Bias

      Implicit bias involves associations outside our conscious awareness that lead to misleading, often negative evaluations of a person based on characteristics such as race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender. Medical professionals are not immune to implicit bias, as recent research reported in BMC Medical Ethics (2017) makes clear. Left unconscious and unexplored, these biases can influence diagnoses and ultimately, treatment decisions for patients.

      Before entering the galleries, the group settled into an introductory session in the Museum’s Nevil Classroom. Dr. Tiballi began. She spoke about a decade-plus shift taking place in museums, as traditional collaborations with “the usual suspects”—archaeology, anthropology, and art history students and scholars—are making room for a new model of learning and “skills-based programming,” where the Museum’s rich collections are explored anew as “media” to help new audiences better connect with diverse people and cultures.

      Marina shared a bit about her experience with the Yale program, where the art was predominantly from the 18th and 19th century European traditions. She had reason to be enthusiastic about a museum collaboration; there was evidence that even short training in deep observation helped medical students perform better with patients; later tests indicated that the positive results of deep observation practice stayed with them. At the Penn Museum, with a collection of archaeological and ethnographic cultural material from around the world, the objects for the workshop would be very different from European paintings—and Marina was interested in learning how that would change the program.

      Dr. Anne Tiballi (middle) talks about an artifact with the residents.

      “The Penn Museum has over a million objects from six continents. We had to think of something different for you all,” said Dr. Tiballi, suggesting that the residents could think about the pieces in the collection differently, too.  “Use objects as a window into underserved past lives. Who used these objects? How? Why? Objects are really agents, just as people are.”

      The residents shared definitions and thoughts about implicit bias, and its negative associations—usually based on race, gender, or other demographics—bias that can directly affect how a patient is treated, sometimes with negative consequences.

      “We are all subject to direct and indirect messages that society blasts at us,” Marina conceded, noting, “as residents, we are much more prone to this because of our cognitive load—we are tired.” She suggested a few tools to use to limit bias: increasing awareness of the pervasive problem; having a desire to change; learning more about the theory, practice of bias, and finally, employing tools, like this workshop, to overcome the tendency towards unhelpful bias.

      “Archaeology has had its own embattled history with bias,” Dr. Tiballi said. “Archaeology really wanted to be a science—but we aren’t exclusively a science. And we all come with biases.”

      After a warm up exercise—each participant was asked to talk about an object that they happened to have with them, discussing what it meant to them—the group was ready to visit the galleries and see how bias might play a role in their exploration of Museum artifacts.

      Exploring the Objects

      Once in the galleries, the residents spent time looking closely at three objects, including an eye kylix drinking bowl in the special exhibition Magic in the Ancient World and a colossal seated statue of Ramesses II in the Egypt (Mummies) Gallery. The first object, and the first stop, was in the Native American Voices exhibition.

      A girl’s elk tooth dress, from the Crow nation, was one of three objects the residents examined and discussed in the galleries.

      Stephanie Mach, a member of the Academic Engagement Department and PhD student in Penn’s Anthropology program, directed the residents to avoid reading any explanatory text, instead looking closely at an object in the corner of one large case, and describe what they saw. The residents grew uncharacteristically quiet. One resident broke the silence: “I will say, I find it very difficult to look at this object and not make any assumptions.”

      “Yes, you want to make these initial jumps into interpretation,” Dr. Tiballi acknowledged, offering a suggestion: “Just start by describing what you see.”

      The answers came more quickly: “Three feet by two feet garment made of cloth, with teeth, or bone, or shell, sewn on.”

      The residents added detail to their growing group description, noting beadwork, condition of the fabric and colors, vibrant red and some blue. After some time, Ms. Mach filled the group in on what was definitively known about the piece—and what some research into the time, place, and provenance of the object suggested about the item.

      There was general surprise when she noted that the clothing was designed, not for a woman but for a little girl, from the Crow nation living in Montana, circa 1880. It was an Elk Tooth dress, and as the residents had surmised, the quantity of elk teeth richly decorating the dress spoke to its value.

      Dr. Tiballi noted that the Crow culture frowns upon bragging about one’s wealth and prestige. One way around that cultural taboo would be to let a child’s clothing express a family’s wealth and status.

      Ms. Mach presented some of the context of the piece, noting that though we don’t know the name of the girl who owned this dress, we can piece together a story from the cultural context in which it was made and worn, and by examining the material clues of the dress itself. The trade materials (woolen cloth and glass seed beads), imitation elk teeth made of cow bone, and designs that compose the dress expressed Crow identity, wealth, and pride during a time that was especially difficult for Crow families.

      During the period from the late 1800s until 1934—when the dress was made— the US government policy of forced relocations and reductions in Native landholdings made daily life tenuous. Many American Indian children were sent to Indian Boarding schools during these years. This dress, then, is material evidence of Crow resiliency and the importance of maintaining Crow traditions. Wondering about the girl who wore the dress, it is possible, Ms. Mach surmised, that the family decided to sell her traditional clothing because this was such a difficult time to be Indian in the United States. Knowing, too, how fast little girls grow, it may have been too small and the family needed the money made from the sale.

      The group visited an ancient Greek “eye kylix” drinking bowl in the Magic in the Ancient World exhibition.

      In-depth conversations and collaborative discussions ensued as the group moved to the other objects. Conversations gravitated towards the residents’ working experience. Dr. Tiballi noted: “The discussion at the eye kylix included note of the fact that it had been broken, and that the pieces were put together in Conservation with missing pieces filled in in a way that harmonized with the rest of the object, but also made it obvious that it was incomplete. This was seen as a metaphor for the ways that doctors and archaeologists ‘fill in’ missing pieces in the stories they create about their patients and the past.”

      The take home from the experience? “It is impossible to get rid of bias completely,” Dr. Tiballi said, “but we can be more aware of the ways in which our own experiences influence the stories we create. We can become more rigorous in understanding and counteracting negative bias.”

      When the residents finished their tour, they were asked to give feedback on the pilot program. Responses were enthusiastic:

      “This was great. Every resident should have to go through something similar.”

      “We need to have further discussions about our experiences with implicit bias in the hospital.”

      For her part, Marina Di Bartolo was happy with the morning program: “Sessions like these can help to raise awareness among young medical trainees that these biases exist, and can be a first step to addressing them.”

      Acknowledging that “despite our efforts to avoid them, we all bring biases into our interpretation of art, artifacts, and medicine,” Program Director Marc Shalaby saw potential benefits to the program: “I am hopeful that the skills that we learned will translate to better care for our patients and more satisfying careers for ourselves.”

      Future residents and medical students may have opportunities to visit the Museum. “The exercise at the Museum was part of a curricular series that Marina and I—mostly Marina, actually—are developing to try to better understand how residents think and how to help them decide when they should rethink and re-frame their approaches to patient care.”

      A special thanks to the seven medical residents who took time out of their busy schedules to join the pilot program: Patrick Sayre, Lindsey Merrihew, Katie Anderson, David Lieberman, Louisa Whitesides, and Daniel Kim. Thanks to Marina Di Bartolo for initiating the discussion and plans, and Marc Shalaby, MD, for his support, interest, and engagement with the project.



      The Archaeology News Network

      Citrus fruits were the clear status symbols of the nobility in the ancient Mediterranean

      New research from Tel Aviv University reveals that citrons and lemons were clear status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite and plots the route and evolution of the citrus trade in the ancient Mediterranean. Lemon tree in Roman wallpainting from Pompeii, 1st c. CE,  House of the Fruit Orchard [Credit: P.Hunt]The study is based on a collection of ancient texts, art, artifacts, and archaeobotanical remains such as fossil...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Penn Museum Blog

      Catfish, Waffles, and Coffee: Historic Food in Philadelphia

      In addition to being back-to-school time, August is National Catfish Month. Catfish might not be a part of your daily life, but the fish once played an important role in the lives of Philadelphians. In a way, it’s like cheesesteak is today; when tourists came to Philadelphia in the 19th century, they would ask their hosts where to find the best catfish meal. The Penn Museum just so happens to have a resident catfish specialist.

      Dr. Teagan Schweitzer at her workspace in the Penn Musuem’s zooarchaeology lab.

      Dr. Teagan Schweitzer works in the zooarchaeology lab within the Museum’s Center for the Analysis of Archaeological Materials (CAAM). Her catfish research stems from her dissertation “Philadelphia Foodways ca. 1750–1850: An Historical Archaeology of Cuisine.” In the name of National Catfish month, I asked Teagan a few questions about her research—and how she ended up in such a specific field.

      Question: How did you become interested in archaeology?

      Dr. Teagan Schweitzer: I grew up in Michigan. In fourth grade, there was a survey that we had to fill out and part of it asked what you wanted to be when you grow up — and in my fourth grade class, the coolest thing to want to be was an archaeologist. Then I actually thought, “Oh my gosh, that is the coolest thing!” At first I wanted to be an Egyptologist, not unlike many people, but in college I could never get into any Egyptology courses, because they were so popular. My dad is an architectural historian but also really knowledgeable about American history. I grew up going to a lot of historic places in the U.S. and learning to love American history. When someone told me there was a field of archaeology that combined both American history and archaeology, I thought “That’s for me! That’s what I’ve been looking for!”

      Q: And how did you get into zooarchaeology?

      TS: As part of my high school curriculum, we had to do a senior project. Knowing I wanted to do something with archaeology, I ended up working at the Natural History Museum at the University of Michigan with an ethnobotanist there for a month. In that month, I met some of the other graduate students at the University of Michigan, one of whom, Chris Glew, was a zooarchaeologist. I also studied abroad at the University of Cambridge for my junior year in college and there was a faculty member, Dr. Preston Miracle, who had also done his graduate work at the University of Michigan who was a zooarchaeologist. Then, when I came to Penn for graduate school, I met Dr. Kate Moore, who is the director of the zooarchaeology lab and Undergraduate Advisor in Anthropology, and she was also from the University of Michigan. It felt like I was getting a lot of messages that zooarchaeology was something I should study. In the years between undergrad and graduate school, I had gotten really into food: reading cookbooks and all different kinds of books on food. Zooarchaeology was a good way to combine my interest in archaeology and food, to make the things I’m researching the things I would want to read anyway.

      Catfish NeurocraniumDr. Schweitzer analyzes a catfish neurocranium bone.

      Q: Why catfish? That’s a pretty specific focus.

      TS: It wasn’t me that chose the catfish, it was the bones that chose it for me. I work primarily with bones from Philadelphia in the 18th and 19th centuries. Catfish bones are, of all the fish that people ate in this area, the most resilient. In the archeological record, they survive the best. What that means is that when I’m analyzing and cataloging the archaeological material, the fish bones I find most often are catfish. It became clear pretty early on in my research that people were eating a lot of catfish in this area. Because of this, I wanted to find out what people were doing with catfish in the Philadelphia area. It turns out that there was a popular 19th century Philadelphia dish called “catfish, waffles, and coffee.”

      Q: Can you tell me more about catfish, waffles, and coffee?

      TS: It was served primarily at roadhouses, little inns, and taverns. There was a woman named Mrs. Watkins who had a roadhouse on the Schuylkill River; she is the one who is credited with the origin of the dish catfish, waffles, and coffee. In the historical record, there are two different ideas of what that dish entails. One interpretation is that you get catfish, you get waffles, and you get a cup of coffee. But alternatively, it’s also used as a colloquial term similar to “from soup to nuts” (which we don’t use much anymore either). It means you are describing the full trajectory of the meal: soup starts the meal, nuts end the meal. It just meant you were going to get a lot of food and some of it was going to be catfish. It was so much food that it was a feast– fried catfish and a relish, followed by beefsteak, with fried potatoes, stewed or broiled chicken, waffles, and coffee, with an optional dessert.

      Q: Are you still focused on catfish?

      TS: It’s not something I’m actively researching, but I’m doing more cataloging these days than historical research. I still find a lot of catfish bones in the material that I’m cataloging. I’m looking into some other fish species that were popular in Philadelphia and seeing what their stories were. I work with archaeological materials that come from the Fishtown, Kensington, and Port Richmond neighborhoods in Philadelphia. Fishtown got its name because it was a hub of the shad fishing industry in the region; I’m working to flesh out this story both from an archaeological and historical perspective.


      You can read more about historic food in Philadelphia in Teagan Schweitzer’s article on turtle soup in the Penn Museum’s Expedition magazine.

      The Archaeology News Network

      Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam

      A team of archaeologists from The Australian National University (ANU) has uncovered a vast trading network which operated in Vietnam from around 4,500 years ago up until around 3,000 years ago. The excavation site at Rach Nui in Southern Vietnam [Credit: ANU]A new study shows a number of settlements along the Mekong Delta region of Southern Vietnam were part of a sophisticated scheme where large volumes of items were manufactured and...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam

      A team of archaeologists from ANU has uncovered a vast trading network which operated in Vietnam...

      The Archaeology News Network

      6,000-year-old Neolithic remains discovered in central Istanbul

      Archaeologists have unearthed Neolithic remains believed to be dating back to 6,000 years during a new metro line construction in central Istanbul. Archaeologists have unearthed Neolithic remains believed to be dating back to 6,000 years during a new metro line  construction in central Istanbul. Neolithic circular structures and urn type burials were discovered by the Istanbul  Archaeology Museum experts at the construction...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Coptic era monastery and tombs unearthed in Egypt

      Excavation work in Minya has uncovered an ancient settlement that might be a monks’ complex, the antiquities ministry have said. Ayman Ashmawi, the head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Department at the ministry, said that the settlement in the area besides the Al-Nassara necropolis in Al-Bahnasa includes a collection of rock-hewn tombs and a residential area, dating from the 5th century AD. Gamal El-Semestawi, director-general...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Jonathan Prag (I.Sicily)

      Inscriptions in the Castello Ursino, Catania

      One of the most exciting projects I.Sicily is currently involved with is a four-way collaboration to catalogue the epigraphic collection of the Museo Civico Castello Ursino di Catania and to display a selection of the material in a new exhibition, ‘Voci di pietra’, ‘Voices of stone’, which opened on Friday, 14 July 2017. This project is partly funded by The Oxford Research Centre for the Humanities (TORCH), and is a collaboration between the CNR-ISTC “EpiCUM” project, the Comune di Catania, and the Liceo artistico statale “M.M. Lazzaro”. Over the next few posts we’ll describe this project.

      Cataloguing the collection at Catania


      The civic museum at Catania, housed in the norman Castello Ursino, has an eclectic collection which unites objects gathered over the centuries by Catanese collectors. Principal among these was Ignazio Paternò, Principe di Biscari (1719-1786), who was an avid antiquarian scholar of Sicily and his native Catania. The other major part of the collection was formed by the museum of monks of the great Benedictine monastery of Catania, the buildings of which now form the seat of the University of Catania. Two monks, the abbot and antiquarian Vito Maria Amico and the prior Placido Scammacca (uncle of the Prince of Biscari) were instrumental in compiling this museum.

      Portrait of Vito Maria Amico

      The central part of the collection is formed by a group of some 500 ancient inscriptions, of which about half come from Sicily, and most of these from Catania. The remainder either come from Rome (e.g. the Catacomb of Domitilla), or are a mixture of copies and forgeries created in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (these have their own story, for another time – see the interesting new project on epigraphic forgeries at the University of Venice).

      The Catania collection was catalogued for the first time in 2004 by Kalle Korhonen of Helsinki University. Korhonen’s study (with a set of basic images online) includes an invaluable account of the history of the collection and the culture of funerary epigraphy in Catania; but it has become clear both that there is a need for a revised and extended digital catalogue and that some material escaped that first study. Dott.ssa Daria Spampinato of the CNR-ISTC, together with the director of the museum, dott.ssa Valentina Noto, initiated a project to create a new and comprehensive digital catalogue of the museum – the EpiCUM project (Epigrafe del Castello Ursino Museo). Since half the collection (c.250 inscriptions) is Sicilian material, and I.Sicily already has draft EpiDoc records for all these stones, it was then agreed to collaborate on the Catania catalogue, and a formal accord to that effect was signed between I.Sicily and the Assessore of the Comune di Catania, Prof. Orazio Licandro in 2016.


      Dr Prag and Prof. Licandro

      AIA Fieldnotes

      The Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA) 78th Annual Meeting

      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Tuesday, April 3, 2018 to Saturday, April 7, 2018

      "The Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA) invites abstracts (sessions, papers and posters) for the Program of the 78th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA, April 3-7, 2018. The theme of the Program is 'Sustainable Futures.'"


      Society for Applied Anthropology
      Call for Papers: 
      Right Header: 
      Right Content: 
      CFP Deadline: 
      October 15, 2017

      Turkish Archaeological News

      Justinian Bridge in Tarsus

      Justinian Bridge in Tarsus

      The early-Byzantine bridge over the Cydnus River is one of the best-preserved and spectacular tourist attractions in Tarsus. At the same time, it is easy to miss it because the bridge is located outside the city centre and only a few signposts show the way to this monument.

      Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

      L’organisation de la frontière romaine sur le Bas-Danube

      Croitoru, C. (2017) : Organizarea frontierei romane la Dunărea de Jos, Braila [L’organisation de la frontière romaine sur le Bas-Danube]. Cet ouvrage a une vocation de support de cours. Il reprend les travaux que l’auteur a présenté auparavant sur le … Lire la suite

      Jim Davila (

      On nine dubious DSS fragments

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Poisonings went hand in hand with the drinking water in Pompeii

      The ancient Romans were famous for their advanced water supply. But the drinking water in the...

      Jim Davila (

      Witches in the Bible?

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

      Teotihuacan Trophies and Teddy Bears

      Apollo magazine:
      The problem is that you cannot "narrate the past" by collecting loose decontextualised objects together. The "stories" you tell are your own stories, your own constructs, not that of the living culture itself.

      This is the kind of narrative you get, objects selected by the owner placed in groups by the owner, associated with other objects by the owner.

      Teddy Bears' picnic: Card by Susan Rinehart

      Jim Davila (

      In defense of Dr. Blumell

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      Life/Apocalypse of Adam and Eve

      <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      Grandmother Fish

      I was delighted that author Jonathan Tweet, when he got in touch with me a while back, followed up by having a copy of his children’s book about evolution, Grandmother Fish, sent to me. The book recognizes and faces head on the challenges in teaching scientific concepts to small children, especially in relation to a […]

      Noel Tan (The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog)

      Myanmar company offers VR tour of Bagan

      via Myanmar Times, 18 August 2018: Myanmar company 3xvivr offers a way to visit Bagan without being physically there – the results are pretty impressive and immersive and I’ll post a few links on Facebook. A virtual reality company offers a tour of Bagan’s pagoda without leaving Yangon. Source: Bagan by goggles

      1,500-yr-old artifacts found in Camarines Sur, Philippines

      via Philippine Inquirer, 18 August 2018: Evidence for a pre-Hispanic settlement found in central-eastern Philippines, dating 1,500 years. Shards of burial jars found in an ancient graveyard in this town are about 1,500 years old, according to a team of archaeologists. Source: 1,500-yr-old artifacts found in CamSur | Inquirer News

      The Life, Death, and Resurgence of Baybayin

      via Esquire Philippines, 11 August 2018: A feature on the ancient written script of the Philippines, which went almost extinct after the arrival of the Spanish. The influence of this ancient language can be seen in how Filipinos write today. Source: The Life, Death, and Resurgence of Baybayin | Esquire Ph

      Fine Arts stands by Wat Arun stupa repair effort

      via Bangkok Post, 17 August 2018: The Fine Arts Department of Thailand responds to online criticisms of the restoration work to the iconic Wat Arun in Bangkok. The Fine Arts Department and the assistant abbot of the Temple of Dawn or Wat Arun deny claims the latest restoration of its iconic stupas have diminished the … Continue reading "Fine Arts stands by Wat Arun stupa repair effort"

      Farmer finds ancient pottery

      via Khmer Times, 16 August 2017: A farmer discovers an Angkor period clay pot, which was delivered to the authorities and will be on display at the museum. Farmer finds ancient pottery Source: Farmer finds ancient pottery – Khmer Times

      Apsara Authority continues removing homes in Angkor

      via Phnome Penh Post, 14 August 2017: The APSARA Authority this week began evicting and demolishing illegal structures – many of them homes – in the Angkor Archaeological Park which were built in the last year. Local residents have begun to protest to the provincial government, but the orders to vacate and the threat of … Continue reading "Apsara Authority continues removing homes in Angkor"

      August 17, 2017

      Archaeology Magazine

      Remains of Great Synagogue of Vilna Unearthed

      Lithuania Vilna Synagogue Mikva Floor


      VILNIUS, LITHUANIA—Archaeologists have unearthed remains of underground ritual baths at the Great Synagogue of Vilna, according to a report from Haaretz. The synagogue was completed in 1633 and, since it was not allowed to be taller than the city’s churches, it rose only three floors aboveground, but extended another two stories underground. The Nazis occupied Lithuania in June 1941, and burned and ransacked the synagogue later that year. The Russians razed the building in 1965 as part of an effort to erase all vestiges of the Jewish people from the city. The excavation, led by Jon Seligman of the Israel Antiquities Authority, followed a late nineteenth-century architectural plan for restoring the ancient bathhouse. The archaeologists found just two ritual baths, known as mikvehs, and are unsure whether more remain. To read about another recent discovery in Vilnius, go to “The Grand Army Diet.”

      Ancient Japanese Capital Discovered

      Ancient Japanese CapitalYAO, JAPAN—The Asahi Shimbun reports that archaeologists in Japan have unearthed the remains of Yugeno-miya, a capital that was built on the orders of the Empress Shotoku, who ruled from A.D. 767 to 770. According to historical accounts, after the empress's death construction ceased and the city remained unfinished. The archaeologists found pits arranged on a grid that would have held massive pillars, as well as the remains of a canal that stretched almost a half mile and was probably used in order the transport building materials. Earlier this year, the foundation of a pagoda said to have been built by a Buddhist monk favored by Empress Shotoku was found nearby. To read more about archaeology in Japan, go to “Khubilai Khan Fleet.”

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      The Bridge: Customizable Greek and Latin Vocabulary Lists

      [First posted in AWOL 6 February 2016, updated 17 August 2017]

      The Bridge: Customizable Greek and Latin Vocabulary Lists
      The Bridge enables students and instructors to generate customized vocabulary lists from its database of Greek and Latin textbooks and texts. A list might include all the vocabulary from a core list, an ancient text, or a textbook. But users can focus on a selection of a list or work and also customize their lists to take into account textbooks that they have used, core lists they have mastered, and texts they have already read. These lists can then be filtered to focus on one or more parts of speech, among other options, and then printed or downloaded in a variety of formats.
      The Project Director is Bret Mulligan, Associate Professor of Classics at Haverford College.
      The Bridge was first developed by Julie Ta (Haverford ’16) and Blair Rush (Haverford ’16) in the summer of 2014. Significant revisions were begun in the summer and fall of 2015 by Jack Raisel (Haverford ’17) and Julie Ta, and completed in the summer of 2017 by Byron Biney (Swarthmore '19) and Dylan Emery (Haverford ’18). Additional administrative, technical, and logistical support was provided by Laurie Allen (Coordinator for Digital Scholarship and Services), Michael Zarafonetis (Digital Scholarship Librarian), Andy Janco (Digital Scholarship Librarian), Margaret Schaus (Lead Research and Instruction Librarian), Adrienne Lucas (University of Delaware), Jennifer Rajchel (Assistant Director, Tri-Co Digital Humanities), and Archana Kaku (Tri-Co Digital Humanities Program Coordinator, Bryn Mawr College). Initial data for The Bridge have been compiled by Florencia Foxley (HC ’13), Emma Mongoven (’14), Vanessa Felso (Bryn Mawr College ’15), and Carman Romano (HC ’16). Additional collaborators are listed on the "Details About Texts". Data for some ancient texts were generously provided by the Laboratoire d’Analyse Statistique des Langues Anciennes at the Université de Liège and The Ancient Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanking Project. The development of The Bridge was made possible by the financial support of Haverford College (2014-2017), a Program Grant from the Classical Association of the Atlantic States (2015) a Mellon Digital Humanities Grant (2014-2015).

      Open Access Journal: Mirabilia: Revista Eletrônica da Antiguidade e Idade Média / Eletronic Journal of Antiquity and Middle Ages

      [First posted in AWOL 29 October 2013, updated 17 August 2017]

      Mirabilia: Revista Eletrônica da Antiguidade e Idade Média / Eletronic Journal of Antiquity and Middle Ages
      ISSN 1676-5818
      The word Mirabilia in latin is a neutral plural adjective which means "admirable things" or "wonders" and comes from the verb mirare, to regard, look at. Therefore, this name evokes the admirable aspects of the ancient and the medieval times.

      The Journal Mirablia is an on line publication which provides articles, documents and academic reviews produced by scholars of Ancient and Medieval History from all over the world interested in increase and debate their interests.

      This publication is connected to the deeper concept of Cultural History, which is expressed in the relationship between History and the other fields of knowledge and centers its studies in the literaires, religious, philosophycal and artistical aspects of those areas and their relationship in time and space.

      The Journal Mirabilia intends not only to unite the studies of different branches in human sciences, but also to link the areas of Ancient and Medieval History in Brazil. The reason of this ambition is a simple one: the Brazilian scholars and students have a great difficulty to access the sources and the recent publications, an habitual problem to the countries of the Third World. Therefore, by approaching the two areas and providing them with opportunity of reaching the research findings in Brazil and abroad, We intend to strenghten the Brazilian studies of Ancient and Medieval History, proportioning to a greater number of people the acess to the result of the researches currently developed.
      Issues accepting papers

      Past issues

      Mirabilia 01 (2001)

      ArcheoNet BE

      Bezoek zondag de opgravingen in de Sint-Martinuskerk in Aalst

      Sinds begin juli zijn archeologen van SOLVA aan de slag in de Sint-Martinuskerk in Aalst. Tijdens het onderzoek zijn al verschillende sporen aan het licht gekomen, waaronder begravingen en muurresten die toe te schrijven zijn aan een voorloper van de huidige kerk. Op zondag 20 augustus kan je de vondsten ook zelf gaan bekijken. Van 10 tot 12.30 uur en van 13.30 tot 18 uur zijn rondleidingen voorzien.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Çatalhöyük Databases On-line

      [First posted in AWOL 29 March 2012, updated 17 August 2017]

      Çatalhöyük Databases On-line
      This area of the website gives you direct access to the excavation and other specialist data as recorded during the excavation season. We will be updating the data available periodically but if there is any particular data you would like to see please contact us to see if we can help. There are two ways to explore our excavation data. You can either browse the available datawhich offers you categories of information to look at to help guide you through our datasets, or if you have a more specific query in mind you can choose from our variety of Search Screens.
      Browse the available data
      Search the available data

        Excavation Diaries:
        • Browse the diaries 
          • Years with Diary entries
            • Year 1996 has 86 entries
            • Year 1997 has 41 entries
            • Year 1998 has 107 entries
            • Year 1999 has 172 entries
            • Year 2001 has 2 entries
            • Year 2003 has 11 entries
            • Year 2004 has 167 entries
            • Year 2005 has 63 entries
            • Year 2006 has 228 entries
            • Year 2007 has 297 entries
            • Year 2008 has 253 entries
            • Year 2009 has 83 entries
            • Year 2010 has 125 entries
            • Year 2011 has 146 entries
            • Year 2012 has 251 entries
            • Year 2013 has 312 entries
            • Year 2014 has 69 entries
            • Year 2015 has 54 entries
            • Year 2016 has 43 entries

          • List by Building Number

      Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

      A marvellous photograph of the remains of the Quirinal temple staircase in 1930

      The massive temple on the Quirinal hill in Rome is now gone, but substantial remains still exist of the twin brick staircases, and the stair-well, down the hill.  Unfortunately they stand in the gardens of the Colonna palace, which is not very accessible; and on the other side is the Gregorian University.

      However the Gregorian University was only constructed in the early 1930s.  A marvellous photograph exists, showing the site under construction.  Behind it, clearly visible, is the huge square carcass of the stairwell, and the twin staircases on either side!

      The picture was printed by Rabun Taylor in his marvellous article arguing (convincingly) that the temple was built by Hadrian, and the stairwell by Severus.[1]  Here it is:

      For convenience, here’s an extract highlighting the staircases on either side.  The house built into the Roman arches in between is later.

      It’s worth repeating one of the renaissance drawings of the same area (by Giovanolli).  It is incredible to think this mostly still exists!

      1. [1]R. Taylor, “Hadrian’s Serapeum in Rome”, American Journal of Archaeology 108 (2004), 223-66; p.228 fig.6. Online here.

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa

      The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa...

      The Heroic Age

      Join Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP) at Kalamazoo2018! Proposals are due September 15.

      The Language of Race in Medieval English Literature

      Organizers: Robert J. Meyer-Lee and Renée R. Trilling, for the Journal of English and Germanic Philology
      As much recent work has shown (e.g., Geraldine Heng in Literature Compass 2011), the category of race has a long continuous history that reaches back through the Middle Ages and beyond. Nonetheless, like all such fuzzy social concepts of long duration, precisely how that category functioned in social practice (that is, what it meant) has shifted along the vectors of time and place, making the relation between the category as we understand it now and how it was understood in the texts that we study an important area of research. The very volatility of the category in the present, and especially the abusive misappropriation of medieval ideas about race in some quarters, make this area of research especially urgent.

      As the principal evidence we have for medieval ideas of race is of course linguistic, this session is interested in new work on the words and phrases in specific medieval literary texts that establish the category of race: among other things, the session is interested in the network of relations to other categories (e.g., social, ethical, religious, biological, political) that those words and phrases convey; the particular literary function of the words and phrases in their local textual contexts; and in synchronic and diachronic considerations of the relation of the words and phrases to their historical and linguistic contexts. We hope to receive submissions that individually or as a group span the Old English / Middle English divide, so that as a whole the session may examine the continuities and changes in the language of race in English across the medieval period.

      The Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP), from the University of Illinois Press, has been publishing studies of medieval English, Germanic, and Scandinavian languages and literatures for over a hundred years. Since 2004 the medieval period has been the journal’s primary focus. Its published mission statement is the following:

      JEGP focuses on Northern European cultures of the Middle Ages, covering Medieval English, Germanic, and Celtic Studies. The word "medieval" potentially encompasses the earliest documentary and archeological evidence for Germanic and Celtic languages and cultures; the literatures and cultures of the early and high Middle Ages in Britain, Ireland, Germany, and Scandinavia; and any continuities and transitions linking the medieval and post-medieval eras, including modern "medievalisms" and the history of Medieval Studies.

      JEGP’s current editors are: Robert J. Meyer-Lee (Agnes Scott College), Renée R. Trilling (University of Illinois), and Kirsten Wolf (University of Wisconsin).

      Renée R. Trilling
      Associate Professor of English, Medieval Studies, and Critical Theory
      Associate Editor, JEGP
      University of Illinois
      Urbana, IL 61801

      Call for Papers for the International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, May, 2018

      Alfredian Texts and Contexts

      Alfred and his circle continue to generate both academic and popular interest, and this session brings together papers covering a variety of facets of the king, his times, and his later influence. This session welcomes proposals from all disciplines and interdisciplinary approaches. Papers at past "Alfredian Texts and Contexts" sessions have treated manuscript studies, prose and poetic texts, military strategy, political and cultural history, religious studies, science and medicine, and Continental connections.

      I am still seeking abstracts for this session; I do not set up sessions in advance but choose from the submissions I've received through September 15. I will forward any that I do not accept to the Congress for consideration for General Sessions, so please send abstract AND Participant Information Form: to>.

      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Dig offers 1st hint of second capital in Osaka in 8th century

      YAO, Osaka Prefecture – Evidence of structures dating back more than 1,000 years at an...

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Performing Destruction: Confederate Statues and Iconoclasm

      It is with great trepidation that I’m going to wade into the world of current political events, but I feel totally lame hanging around on the sidelines and feel compelled to offer my perspectives on the current controversy surrounding the removal of Confederate war memorials across the southern states. 

      But first, go and read Rosemary Joyce’s really excellent response to calls for archaeologists to somehow be involved in the discussion of the removal of these moments.

      And before reading further, I want to be entirely clear that I am not apologizing for these monuments, their place in the painful and massively destructive history of American race relations, or those who insist on their preservation. By all means, remove these statues, undermine violently any claim that the Confederacy, the Civil War, or the political leaders from the South were somehow heroic in their treason, and by removing these moments, subvert the tragic racial, social, and political history that surrounds the placement of these statues in the urban fabric of the South. I’m likewise not advocating for a moderate approach or for compromising with groups who are clamoring for their preservation. 

      What I’m trying to do with this post is to offer my view of what archaeologists and historians could do to unpack the complexities surrounding the histories of these monuments and current tensions surrounding their legacy and their removal. This is adapted from a Facebook comment.

      What has interested me the most about the current debate surrounding the removal of these statues is that there has only been spotty discussion of how various groups are actually removing these monuments. For, example in North Carolina, the state has filed charges against a group for illegally toppling a Confederate Memorial. In Baltimore, the city voted to remove four Confederate memorials and the act of removal was done with far less pomp, taking place in the middle of the night. In New Orleans, the removal also took place at night with the workers wearing body armor. In New Orleans and Baltimore, the removal of the statues seems to have been funded by the city; in Gainesville, the county offered the United Daughters of the Confederacy a chance to acquire the statue of “Old Joe” when they voted to remove it and that group moved it to a cemetery outside of town. It seems to have taken place during the day without any protests or problems.  The New York Times offers a thorough list with very interesting photographic documentation (worthy of a study in its own right).

      I think there is far more significance to how these statues are being removed – both procedurally and physically – than what the statues mean. In fact, I worry that we’re sort of fixated on reinforcing the historical meaning of these monuments in order to make the political work surrounding their removal a socially acceptable gesture of restorative justice rather than seeking to understand how the statues produce meaning in public spaces. In other words, we have tended to privilege the original intent of the statues (which was morally repugnant) over their lives as monuments in living cities. This is not to suggest that we allow these monuments to stand and it certainly is not to suggest that these monuments don’t continue to represent a painful, immoral, and tragic history particularly for the black community or that they don’t, in part, carry forward the intent of their racist makers. What I guess I’m responding to is that archaeologists have tended to complicate this kind of historicism and locate objects and monuments in relation to changing perceptions and attitudes. By reading the meaning associated with these statues in such an intensively historical way, we’re promoting a gestural and spectacular approach to transforming contemporary culture. This isn’t bad unto itself, but it evokes certain elements of contemporary “slactivism” that sometimes function to detract from the real hard work of changing racial attitudes. If we can just remove the monuments, then we’ve done something.

      (And again, this isn’t to detract from the hard work behind removing these monuments or even the impulse behind it, but to question whether these kinds of performative acts are more about political capital than the hard grinding work of social change which so often is invisible. Maybe, the removal of these monuments reflects and celebrates this work? Maybe it’s a clarion call telling the rest of us how much more we have to do? What does this moment really mean?)

      At the same time, the removal of these statues is a far more potent act than whatever repressive, offensive, and racist meaning that the statues themselves carried. This isn’t to marginalize unduly their role in the history of race in the U.S. or the brutal work of white political leaders and communities in the southern states to negotiate a politically and culturally expedient identity in the face of the demographic, economic, social and political changes of the early-20th-century. Instead, I’m reflecting on some of Ömür Harmanşah’s work on the destructive acts performed by ISIS (albeit for a despicable and terrible cause). To my mind, the public acts of removing the statues matter far more than the statues themselves or some utopian notion that ALL the Confederate memorials in public spaces could be somehow removed. As an aside, this seems unlikely, probably impossible, and possibly even undesirable as neglect and even irony can sometimes be more potent tools than iconoclastic performances. As an alternate gesture, think of the so-called “Arlington House” (or the National Robert E. Lee Memorial) which offers a far more nuanced and complicated expression of Lee’s legacy bound up in the changing political and cultural understanding of Lee and the Civil War. 

      There is an undeniably element of political theater in the removal of these statues as I suspect there was in their commissioning and original placement. And, again, to be clear I’m not proposing a moral equivalency here between those working to remove the monuments and the motivations that led to their placement. If archaeologists – and historians – are to invest energy in the critical reflection on these monuments, perhaps we should work more to understand them not as static indicators in the landscape, but as part of inherently political and performative character of place making. This impact and implication of this kind of gestural politics is the kind of complicated discursive process that archaeologists and scholars of visual culture have reveled in over the past several decades. My hope is that archaeologists can get beyond debating the historical significance of these monuments, whether and how they should be documented, and whether they should be preserved or destroyed, and move toward understanding how the moment of removal and the impact of their present/absence makes meaning for their communities and the nation. 

      The Archaeology News Network

      Poisonings went hand in hand with the drinking water in ancient Pompeii

      The ancient Romans were famous for their advanced water supply. But the drinking water in the pipelines was probably poisoned on a scale that may have led to daily problems with vomiting, diarrhea, and liver and kidney damage. This is the finding of analyses of water pipe from Pompeii. An original Roman lead waterpipe in Bath, England [Credit: Andrew Dunn/WikiCommons]"The concentrations were high and were definitely problematic for...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Lessico dei Grammatici Greci Antichi

      [First posted in AWOL 9 September 2010, updated 17 August 2017]

      LGGA Lessico dei Grammatici Greci Antichi
      Directed by Franco Montanari
      Associate Editors: Fausto Montana, Lara Pagan
      The LESSICO DEI GRAMMATICI GRECI ANTICHI (LGGA) represents an online reference tool, specifically dedicated to the field of ancient Greek philology, grammar and scholarship.
      This website, which was opened in 2002, has seen the in-progress publication of cards regarding figures who are relevant, from various points of view, for exegesis as well as erudite and philological-grammatical research in the ancient world. The list of figures taken into consideration has progressively increased up to a total amount of more than 570. The cards available for downloading are now over 300.
      Starting from November 2015, LGGA is published by Brill under the name of Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

      The new web site publishes initially all the cards that were available on Aristarchus, for some of which the corresponding English version will be made available immediately. Over time each card will be updated and supplied with an English translation. In addition, the cards not yet included will be progressively added. As in the past, each card is made up of:

      1. an encyclopedic entry with discussion of biographical data and works/fragments of the grammarian;
      2. ist and texts of ancient witnesses;
      3. bibliography.
      In comparison with the previous version, far more refined searches are now possible (e. g. on the basis of chronology of the grammarians or the content of the fragments) and the cards are easier to use thanks to the addition of many cross-references both to other LGGA cards and to different web sites (e. g. repertories of ancient texts or reference works).
      l LESSICO DEI GRAMMATICI GRECI ANTICHI (LGGA) rappresenta uno strumento di consultazione di base online, in particolare per le ricerche sulla storia della filologia, della grammatica e dell’erudizione nel mondo greco antico.
      Il progetto si è concretizzato nella progressiva pubblicazione su questo sito, aperto nel 2002, di schede relative ai personaggi a vario titolo rilevanti per l’esegesi e la ricerca erudita e filologico - grammaticale nel mondo antico.Il repertorio delle figure prese in considerazione si è gradualmente accresciuto fino ad arrivare a più di 570, così come la quantità di schede presenti e disponibili per il download in pdf, giunte a superare le 300.
      A partire da novembre del 2015, LGGA è pubblicato dall’editore Brill con il nome di Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity
      Il nuovo sito pubblica inizialmente tutte le schede che già erano disponibili sul sito Aristarchus, affiancando la corrispondente versione inglese in un primo momento solo ad alcune di esse. Nel corso del tempo, ognuna delle schede esistenti sarà aggiornata e corredata di traduzione in inglese e saranno inoltre aggiunte le schede che attualmente restano ancora da redigere.Come in passato, ogni scheda è costituita da:

      1. una voce enciclopedica sul grammatico;
      2. elenco e testi di testimonianze antiche e frammenti;
      3. bibliografia.
      Rispetto alla versione precedente, sono adesso possibili ricerche molto più raffinate ( epoca del grammatico e per contenuto dei frammenti) e la fruizione delle schede è resa più efficace dalla presenza di numerosi collegamenti ipertestuali verso altre schede di LGGA o siti diversi( di testi antichi oppure opere di riferimento).

      ArcheoNet BE

      Uniek fossielenkerkhof ontdekt voor de kust van Zeebrugge

      Voor de kust van Zeebrugge, langs de vaargeul ‘Het Scheur’, ligt een unieke vindplaats van beenderen van lang verdwenen zoogdieren. Het betreft onder meer resten van walrussen uit de laatste IJstijd (116.000-12.000 jaar geleden) en wervels van oerwalvissen uit het warme Eoceen (40 miljoen jaar geleden). Dat is bevestigd door verkennend onderzoek vanop het onderzoeksschip RV Simon Stevin.

      Het betreft een hoogst merkwaardige ontdekking, stelt het Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ). Het begon met toevals­vondsten van walrus- en oerwalvisresten in het Belgisch deel van de Westerschelde­monding de afgelopen vijfentwintig jaar. De door Nederlandse vissers gevonden skeletresten trokken de aandacht van paleontologen verbonden aan het Natuurhistorisch Museum Rotterdam (NMR). Die gingen sinds 2015-2016 gericht naar de vaargeul Het Scheur op zoek naar extra materiaal. Dit bleef in België onder de radar, tot het VLIZ via het geologisch-archeologische project SeArch in contact kwam met de experten van het Nederlandse museum. Dit leidde in juli tot twee gezamenlijke proefvaartochten.

      Het Scheur is een bijzondere site door de opeenvolging van oude bodemlagen van verschillende leeftijd dicht onder de zeebodem. De walrusresten bevinden zich in de Pleistocene afzettingen. In dit Pleistocene IJstijdlandschap stond de zeespiegel in warmere fasen 20 m lager dan vandaag, in koudere tot wel 70 m. De Schelde mondde toen nog niet uit in Nederland, maar ter hoogte van Zeebrugge en Oostende. Het landschap zag er in de koudere fasen toendra-achtig uit, in de iets warmere perioden verscheen er ook bos. In dit verbrede riviermondingsgebied leefden grote grazers (wolharige mammoet, wolharige neushoorn, nijlpaard, oeros, reuzenhert, bosolifant, steppenwisent, …) en tal van roofdieren. De kustwateren waren bevolkt door onder andere walrussen, grijze walvissen en beluga’s.

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      Conor Whately (Byzantine OED)

      Procopius Revisited

      Time for some more reflection.  First, I love the fact that Cameron's and Kaldellis' chapters bookend the book.  I also confess a great love - too strong? - for reading about how scholars came to their chosen topics/views.  Reading Cameron's discussion of how she came to Procopius were fascinating.  At the same time, I like Kaldellis' idea that more of us (those writing about Procopius) ought to say why we like reading him.  I admit in my own case I was influenced by three things.  I knew little about late antiquity (why did we cut off there?), but I started doing some background reading to bring myself up to speed.  One particularly influential book for me was Cameron's first edition of the Mediterranean in Late Antiquity. In that book, this fellow Procopius kept popping up.  While I don't remember what stood out, I do remember the sense that he seemed an intriguing figure who deserved closer attention.  I seem to recall too that some of the formative thinking about this took place on a stationary bike at the McMaster University athletic centre (circa 2001, 2002).

      Second, I love these sorts of chapters/papers:  ones that highlight key aspects of a topic, some gaps in the scholarship, and avenues for future work.  More often than not, these are the ones that have the most scribbles in my copies.  Given my love for Roman military things, historiography things, and late antique things, it's no surprise that these chapters here really float my boat.

      Third, I want to go back to a couple of points that both Cameron and Kaldellis have made (separate ones, more or less), which have given me much to think about.  One is Cameron's emphasis on narrative and storytelling, that I mentioned in my woe-is-me post (which also has me thinking:  what sorts of efforts should we make to publicize our books, and how can I make my work reach more people?).  Cameron notes that his narrative approach relates to writers of sixth century history as well as other types of Byzantine prose writing, like hagiography.  That's a fascinating idea, and I'm sure not wrong.  I remember coming across all sorts of useful discussion vaguely related to these comments in Clark's 2004 book, History, Theory, Text.  Maybe this is one avenue that deserves more exploration:  Procopius and hagiography.  After all, Procopius spends a lot of time characterizing a few individuals in his Wars, to say nothing of his Secret History.  In crafting his portraits of Belisarius, has Procopius adopted and adapted some of the techniques employed by hagiographers? 

      Cameron also draws attention to Procopius' writing practices, especially with respect to what he chose to include and exclude.  I talked about this a bit, but I'll be touching on it even more in the sequel.  It seems to me that one of the hardest things to grasp (and it's almost certainly impossible) is why Procopius left things out, and one particular topic I'll be looking at in the book is recruitment.  I suspect that as work continues on this sequel, I might have to address quite regularly why things were left out:  did it suit his literary objectives somehow, is it a desire to make his work more palatable to his audience?  There's so much he likely did know, even the regularly military stuff I'm interested, that he doesn't discuss. 

      Yeah, I seem to be trailing off so I'll move on to the next topic.  Cameron stresses that all three of Procopius' works are anchored in material life, while Kaldellis (following Turquois) highlights the materiality of Procopius' writing.  This is how he "structures, textures, surfaces, and fleshes out a world for us" (Kaldellis 2017:  265).  His point is that Procopius has produced a literary simulacrum of sixth-century experience, and he draws attention to a number of topics for which this might be true including weapons, wounds, and forts.  What I need to do, clearly, is read Turquois' thesis in its entirety and bear her conclusions in mind when looking at all the war stuff.  One current project, stemming from the grant, is on battle narrative in late antique classicizing historiography. It might be worthwhile to consider all this as I examine (or continue - it's well on its way) my intended subjects, Ammianus, Jordanes, Procopius, Agathias, and Theophylact.   As it happens, when it comes to open or pitched battle, Procopius might well be one of the weaker ones of the group.  I think, if anything, Agathias and Ammianus might be the strongest in this regard, though only time will tell (and more reading). 

      Unfortunately now Cameron and Kaldellis have me wanting to write a third and fourth sequel of my Procopius book, the third on narrative techniques in the Wars as a whole (maybe narrative and character), the fourth on the materiality of warfare in Procopius.  But then I'll never do any of these other things.  Maybe I could combine the two into my eventual study of Agathias?  If nothing else, this book has so far reminded me why Procopius might still be one of my favourite topics.  It's also been a very challenging year or three professionally, and it's stimulating discussions like these that keep me going.