Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

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October 23, 2016

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

Meet a Member: Katherine Harrington

Katherine Harrington is a Senior Associate Member at the American School of Classical Studies researching domestic production and household industry.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

La nécropole d’époque romaine de Belbek IV dans le Sud-Ouest de la Crimée

Gushchina I. I., D. V. Zhuravlev, éd. (2016) : Некрополь римского времени Бельбек IV в Юго-Западном Крыму / Nekropol’ rimskogo vremeni Bel’bek IV v Jugo-Zapadnom Krymu, Moscou [La nécropole d’époque romaine de Belbek IV dans le Sud-Ouest de la Crimée]. La nécropole d’époque … Lire la suite

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

One ISIL Culture Criminal in Custody

Iraqi Shia militia Harakat al-Nujaba claim to have captured the man responsible for destroying Shrine of Jonah. Let us hope they get the rest of those abusing their position in the 'calphate' and punish them for their crimes.

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: October 22

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. If you are a Pinterest user, you might enjoy following the Bestiaria Latina at Pinterest, and there is also a LatinLOLCat Board. I've recently started a Board for the Distich Poems.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem undecimum Kalendas Novembres.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Orpheus and Eurydice, and there are more images here.


TINY PROVERBS: Today's tiny proverb is: Veritas liberabit (English: The truth will set you free).

3-WORD MOTTOES: Today's 3-word verb-less motto is Omni liber metu (English: Free from all fear).

ANIMAL PROVERBS: Today's animal proverb is Multa novit vulpes sed echinulus magnum unum (English: The fox knows many things but the little hedgehog knows one great thing).

POLYDORUS: Today's proverb from Polydorus is: Divitiae si affluant, nolite cor apponere (English: If riches abound, do not set your heart on them).

PROPER NAME PROVERBS: Today's proper name proverb from Erasmus is Lydus in meridie (English: A Lydian at noon; from Adagia 2.6.94 ... An allusion to the supposedly oversexed inhabitants of ancient Lydians, so eager in their pursuit of sexual pleasures that they would even indulge in such pursuits in the heat of midday).

GREEK PROVERBS: Today's proverb is Ἅμαξα τὸν βουν ἕλκει (English: The wagon is pulling the ox... which is the Greek equivalent of putting the cart before the horse).

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is De Somno. Click here for a full-sized view.

And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:

Ni gradus servetur, nulli tutus est summus locus.
Unless you watch your step, the highest place is safe for no one.

Diluculo surgere saluberrimum est.
Getting up at dawn is the healthiest thing to do.


MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Talpa, Asinus, et Simia, a fable about how it's all relative.

FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Apicula et Iuppiter, the story of how the bee got its sting (this fable has a vocabulary list).

apes et Iuppiter

Evan Millner's Fables. I thought you might enjoy Evan Millner's marvelous fable videos; they are available at YouTube.

October 22, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Complutum

ISSN 1131-6993
ISSN-e 1988-2327
Portada de Complutum
Complutum (ISSN 1131-6993, ISSN-e 1988-2327), revista anual hasta el número 18 y bianual a partir del número 19, fue fundada en 1991 por el profesor Martín Almagro Gorbea. La publicación responde a la necesidad de difundir a la comunidad nacional e internacional trabajos de investigación arqueológica de calidad en todos los campos, con especial incidencia en la Prehistoria de la Península ibérica. Se priman los trabajos teóricos, metodológicos e interdisciplinares y de síntesis de apartados novedosos de la investigación, sobre los informes de yacimientos, colecciones de museos o piezas arqueológicas excepcionales. La revista acepta artículos escritos desde diferentes posiciones teóricas y apoya la igualdad de género en el campo científico. Uno de los dos volúmenes anuales presenta artículos de asuntos variados, mientras que el otro es generalmente de tema monográfico con una o varias editoras a cargo de su contenido. En ambos se ofrece también una sección de recensiones y crónica científica.




Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Snapshots of the secret world

They play an unacknowledged part in our universe, yet when they vanish few remember them, and there are no records of what they looked like or contain.

For the last few years, there have been a number of websites which contain large numbers of books in PDF or other format, making them available for free download.  The books are often (but not always) in copyright.

Here’s a screen shot of one of them, which I was sent.


I’m giving this, because these sites vanish quickly, and in a few years time, we may be curious to see what was available in the “Wild West” days of the internet!

Few of us could afford to purchase all the material held here, or even much of it. As library facilities collapse, as inter-library loans become prohibitively dear, such sites are invaluable to researchers who live in rural areas or do not have access to the very extensive (and expensive) collections of major research libraries.

The prices demanded for academic eBooks are very high, when you consider that they require no manufacturing process, and cost nothing to distribute.  It is not unusual to see a frivolous demand for an eBook which is the same as that for a paper copy.  Such greed naturally creates incentives for piracy.

In some countries the ruling elite behaves as if it is almost entirely uninterested in the welfare of the general public.  In Germany the elite have made that clear by importing 1 million able-bodied foreigners in one year and quartering them on the hapless German population.  That’s not going to be good for the Germans; but clearly there is profit to the elite in votes and cheap labour.

But that German elite has the same contempt when it comes to learning, for it has allowed the publishing companies to dictate some of the most oppressive “copyright” laws in the world.  One consequence of this is that there is really very little of use on the German internet.  Another consequence is that Google Books is basically useless outside the USA.

In fact there is not even much Wifi in Germany, because those same greedy publishers made “laws” such that Wifi hotspots were legally responsible for ensuring that only “legal” content could be viewed, despite the free-for-all nature of the internet.  (Although the elite have realised that this is inconvenient to themselves, so are going to rescind that particular despotic law).  To the German elite, seemingly, the German people are just cattle and sheep, to be fleeced.

But it is not just Germany, although that country is singularly unfortunate.  The same attitude may be found among the ruling elite in many countries, including the USA.

One symptom of this disconnect is the banning of pirate PDF websites, at the behest of publishers, without considering what the public welfare really is, or should be.  Education is essential.  Books are essential for education.  Yet access to books is obstructed by the greed of companies that charge impossible prices for textbooks.

I don’t know what the answer is.  But I really wish that our ruling elites would address it.

Roberta Mazza (Faces & Voices)

“New” Judean desert papyrus sold by an anonymous antiquities dealer?

Yesterday, Israel News Online and The Jewish Press have reported that a new papyrus “discovered recently in the Judean desert and purchased from an antique dealer” will be presented “next week at a conference on Innovations in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Environs, at the Rabin Jewish Studies Building on the Mount Scopus Campus of the Hebrew University.” The source seems to be another online journal, Makor Rishon (I’ve been unable to retrieve it).

The article, entitled “Discovery: ‘Jerusalem’ on Hebrew Papyrus”, written by journalist David Israel and published in both websites, explains that the papyrus “was examined by the Israel Antiquities Authority’s labs, and carbon dated. The results showed with certainty that the papyrus dates back to the 8th century BCE […]”

It seems that Professor Shmuel Ahituv (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) is involved in the study of the manuscript and more details will be unfolded after the conference and the publication of the proceedings. Hopefully, whoever will present the text next week is going to be clearer about its provenance than the online report: from where the “antique dealer” retrieved the papyrus, which is said to have been discovered recently (!), remains unexplained so far.

I am not going to comment on technical aspects, since this is not my research field: I recommend reading Jim Davila’s blog on this. Rather I wish to draw attention on the constant flux of ancient written fragments said to come from the Judean desert brought to us by anonymous antiquities dealers who are still feeding relatively new collections (e.g. Martin Schøyen, the Museum of the Bible, and the Southwestern  Baptist Theological Seminary, Forth Worth Texas, collections). Some of these recently surfaced manuscripts are now suspected to be forgeries. (Cf. lately Nina Burleigh’s article on Newsweek, Jarus Owen on Live Science, and my blog post on a conference at University of Agder, which dealt with the problem in question from an academic perspective.) It should be brought in mind, since the article mentions it, that carbon dating in isolation does not prove unequivocal authenticity and secure dating of a papyrus manuscript.

Ironically, to illustrate the article the online newspapers seem to have used the picture of a Hebrew documentary papyrus, probably coming from a Judean desert cave and dating to the 2nd century CE, seized during a Israeli police operation in May 2006, according to a NBC news report of the time.


Image of “document dated to the 2nd century A.D. seen a day after it was seized by Israeli police officers, in Jerusalem, Wednesday, May 6, 2009” appended to M. Friedman, “Israeli police bust Palestinians with ancient texts”


Screen shot of the papyrus used by Israel News online to illustrate yesterday article, D. Israel, “Discovery: ‘Jerusalem’ on Hebrew papyrus

Robert Consoli (Squinches)

Where, exactly, are the tholoi of Chalkias (C379, C1084)?

Chalkias is a hill-top village in the Triphyllia, a portion of northern Messenia, in the Greek Peloponnese.

In October of 1995 a tholos tomb  was discovered by a shepherd on a hilltop right outside of town.  The tomb proved to be robbed but excavation was able to retrieve some vessels, flint tools, etc.  I have a generous correspondent from Greece who has allowed me to use his own photos to illustrate this tholos.  The literature refers to this as 'Tholos 1' from Chalkias (there are more).[1]  I have designated it 'C379'.

Fig. 1    Tholos 1 (C379).  Courtesy of a correspondent.
This picture has been brightened and other brightnesses have been modified to enhance visibility.  It has also been sharpened.  

I knew about this tholos but not precisely where it was.  Thanks to the generosity of my friend I can now say that its location is exactly: 37.361475 N, 21.864388 E.

Here's another view of the stomion:

Fig. 2    Stomion of Tholos 1 (Chalkias, C379).  Courtesy of a correspondent.  
(Brightnesses, contrast, color and sharpness were all modified.)

I have modified the brightness values of Fig. 2 in order to enhance visibility.  It has also been sharpened.

There is a second tholos about 9.5 m. to NW of this one. 

Fig. 3   Chalkias: Tholos 2 (C1084)  Courtesy  of a correspondent.
(Brightnesses, contrast, color and sharpness were all modified.)
Its position is  37.361536° N, 21.864267° E. [2]   The general situation on this hilltop is as shown in the following picture from Google Earth:

Fig. 4  General Situation on hilltop outside of Chalkias.  North at right.
Here is the general situation.  The two tholoi whose locations are known to me are on the north (right) side of the hill in Fig. 4.  On top of the hill is one of the very many chapels in Greece devoted to Saint Ilias the Prophet.  On the south (left) side of the hill is a third tholos.  It is at an area called 'Kroikarnou' but I do not know its precise position, only that it is 'around here'.

Backing out a bit more allows us to see the hilltop in conjunction with the town of Chalkias.  In this next picture north is to the left:

Fig. 5  The tholoi (lower left) in relationship to the town of Chalkias at right.

Fig. 5 shows the town of Chalkias (37.353946° N, 21.872934° E) you drive north (to the left) about a kilometer.  You come to a sign directing you to the tholoi on your left.  On the other side (east) of the road there is a ruined alona or threshing floor.   After you make the turn to the left you mmediately face a junction.  Taking the right (lower) fork should bring you close to the tholoi; I have not visited this site.  Taking the left fork brings you up to the chapel.

Fig. 6   Turn-off from main road to the Chalkias site.

I hope that some of you can visit this area of Greece in the few weeks of Summer that we have left.  And, if you do, please send pictures.

Follow me on Twitter: @Squinchpix

Tholos 1 (C379)
discovered: 1995
Diam. of chamber: 4.1 m.
lat: 37.361475° N
lon: 21.864388° E
dromos runs: SE-NW

Tholos 2 (C1084)
discovered: 1995
Diam. of chamber: 4.1 m.
lat: 37.361536° N
lon: 21.864267° E
dromos runs: ?

Tholos 3 (C409)
discovered: 1996
Diam. of chamber: 4.0 m
lat: 37.360077° N
lon: 21.863442° E
dromos runs: N

[1] Tholos 1 in Zavadil [2012] 296;  Boyd [1999] sec. 26, 'Halkias Aelias',  533.
[2] Tholos 2 in Zavadil [2012] 297; Boyd, idem.

Boyd [1999], Boyd, Michael John.  Middle Helladic and Early Mycenaean Mortuary Customs in the Southern and Western Peloponnese.  University of Edinborough.  Scotland.  1999.

Zavadil [2012]:  Zavadil, Michaela. Monumenta: Studien zu mittel- und späthelladischen Gräbern in Messenien.  Wien:Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-Historische Klasse Denkschriften. 2012.

Mycenaean Hypotheses, Reasonable and Unreasonable

'He who dies with the most toys wins.'
...from the Silicon Valley Oath of Allegiance

Otto: What was the part in the middle?
A Fish Called Wanda
John Cleese, 1988

When the first Greek-speakers entered the territory which we now call Greece they would have entered as cattle drivers conducting their women and children in carts.   Considered as a whole I think we must imagine them as a segmented horde with each segment composed of extended patrilinear families.[1]  Individuals in those families would have derived their offices and goods, in large part, from their specific positions in a kinship group.  We can only guess what those offices and goods (and duties) would have consisted of.  Presumably religious authority, candidacy for war-time leadership, the right to graze certain herds and in certain places, rights to certain cuts from sacrificed animals; all these things and many others would have derived from kinship.  Personal excellence, skill, acquisitiveness, aggression, generosity and other personal traits would have also played their part and by so doing would have complicated the simple picture of kinship placement that I have described.  It is, however, probably safe to say that individuals in that traditional culture would have defined themselves - their societal prominence or lack of it - by referring to a family lineage and their exact position in it.

Dromos of the Treasury of Atreus near Mycenae.  Argolid, Greece.  13C BC.

A thousand years later, when we first hear them speak in their own words, the picture is very different.   The Linear B documents (first from fourteenth-century Knossos and then twelfth-century Pylos) depict an utterly changed world.  By now it is clear that (relatively) simple kinship placement has largely (if not completely) gone by the board and that these Greek-speakers, now referred to by us as Mycenaeans, are living under political institutions. 

  Many traditional societies have undergone such a change; such kinship dethronement is, in fact, a revolutionary change for every society in which it has happened.  The transition from kin-oriented to political institutions isn't necessarily a smooth one; the usual progression is from an unranked to a ranked society (one in which achievement is a major factor in the acquisition of status and power) and then to one that is stratified (i.e., a society with actual hereditary inequality).[2]  This process can take hundreds of years and some societies might even 'cycle' which means that they alternate between these ways of social organization.[3]

Of course there is no single pattern for the development of political institutions.  Although the basic idea of transition from an unstratified (usually ‘tribal’ is meant) to a stratified society (usually ‘political institutions with hereditary positions’ is meant) is accepted by most scholars there is no simple template for describing this transition and which can be applied to just any society.  As a result the specifics have to be filled out by appeal to ethnographic or historical data to make such a transition on the part of any specific society comprehensible.

The basic idea is that when political organs take over the distribution of goods, rights, and duties the previous way of doing that (i.e. distribution based on kinship rights) has to be either eclipsed or deliberately broken.[4]   That is, as Flannery and Marcus emphasize, the social logic, the rules, by which society has understood itself has to be deliberately altered.  In the case of the Argolid (or of Messenia for that matter) we know little or nothing about how that transition (the ‘part in the middle’) occurred.  We can make some guesses.  It seems unlikely, for example, that the political rulers of Mycenae and Pylos in the thirteenth-century would have completely delegitimated the kinship structures of all others in their society.[5]   But even though we will probably never know exactly how this transition occurred at the end of the MH we are not thereby excused from considering the question.

Dr. Sofia Voutsaki has focused on the transition between the MH and the LH for a significant part of her scholarly career and she has produced a set of valuable papers on this topic.[6] Among these papers is Voutsaki [2007] which examines this transition in the context of the Argolid.

She shows us that in the MH-LH transition the occurrence of ‘luxury’ or rare and costly items (and their manufacture) moves away from the periphery of the Argolid (e.g., Lerna and Asine) and becomes centered on Mycenae.  She does the same for tholosgraves.  She makes a very good case, supported by archaeology, for gradual class emergence and then particular class predominance both in the acquisition and the manufacture of rare items de luxe.  Her presentation of the facts is impeccable; her thesis of inter-group dominance is highly probable.  After showing us all this she then attempts to wrap up the argument.

Now, at this point, Dr. Voutsaki might have said something like 'it seems probable that strategies of acquisition had come to prominence in Mycenae, possibly at the expense of other ways of measuring status' or maybe ‘strategies of acquisition, so prominently evidenced in the burials, are strong indicators of “materialization” or ideological legitimation of high rank’ or, perhaps, ‘strategies of acquisition may have been the result of status enhancement carried out on other status dimensions.’  If she had said anything like this then all would have been well.

Instead she says this:

"..the main organizational principle in the MH period was kin rather than status; as authority was embedded in kin relations, it did not require ostentatious gestures, impressive houses or rich graves for its legitimation." [7]


No no no. 

H E double-hockey-sticks NO!

In my next post I’ll try to say exactly why I find this such a disastrous formulation.


[1] All of this is imaginary.  We have no direct evidence of their lineage structure.  I proceed on the basis of what I think we might legitimately infer from other herding societies and I have stated it as abstractly as I could manage.

[2] Flannery and Marcus [2012] passim.

[3] Goldman [1970] provides many examples of the modification of Polynesian societies and their lineage structures under the pressure of status competition.  For all their complexity only in Hawaii and Tonga did these modifications lead to Stratified societies.  For cycling among the Kachin see Flannery and Marcus [2012] 192 ff. and Leach[2004].

[4] Flannery and Marcus [2012] 191 “.. inequality results from people’s efforts to be thought of and treated as superior.  Whatever the supporting role of factors such as population growth, intensive agriculture, and a beneficient environment, hereditary inequality does not occur without active manipulation of social logic by human agents.”  (emphasis is mine)  Flannery and Marcus present several case studies of this ‘manipulation of the social logic’ among which the most striking is that of the people of Avatip in New Guinea in which we catch a glimpse of the active attempt on the part of one kinship segment to dominate all the others by deliberate and open modification of widely-accepted cultural rules.  187-191.  Also see on Avatip: Harrison [1990].  In the Classical period the successful attempt by Peisistratos to regain power by pretending to have the personal sponsorship of the goddess Athena (which I find all too believable) would certainly qualify as an attempt of this type.  Herod., I, 60.

[5]  And yet, what was the relationship of the large corps of 'industrial' workers in ceramics, wool, linen, bronze, etc., to their own kinship lines?  Complete delegitimization of kinship for the lower classes has occurred.  The ancient Hawaiian ali'i forbade commoners to keep genealogies that went any further back than grandparents.  Kirch [2012] 222, ‘The maka’ainana were those who worked the land, but their right to do so was no longer validated by genealogies linking them to ancestors.  They had no genealogies;  these had become the exclusive prerogatives of the chiefs.  And without genealogies, their right to land depended on their subordinate relationship to their chiefs.’  That is, they had made the transition from kinship to political structures.

[6] Dr. Voutsaki is the guiding spirit behind the ‘Shifting Identities in the MH Argolid’ initiative (website here) which was a research initiative predicated on taking a new look at the Mycenaeans in the MH (not just the Argolid but the Mycenaean world as a whole) which she regards as a relatively neglected period.  This successful initiative produced papers by a number of different scholars on exactly the topic being considered here.  This initiative was a five year effort which ended, I believe, in 2007 but the web site is still a valuable resource, not least for its extensive bibliography of scanned articles and papers.

[7] Voutsaki [2007] 92.  Emphasis in the original.  See Voutsaki [1998] 44 for similar ideas and wording:  “… the main organizing principle during this period [the MH, RHC] was kinship rather than wealth or social status; that authority, being inscribed and embedded in kin relations, did not require legitimation by means of elaborate practices and material distinctions.”  And in Voutsaki [2012] 107, "It has therefore been suggested that the main organizational principle in the MH I-II period was kinship rather than status and that authority was embedded in kinship relations and therefore did not require ostentatious practices or elaborate material culture for its legitimation (Voutsaki 2001, 183-84)."  Voutsaki [2001] is her "The Rise of Mycenae: Political Interrelations and Archaeological Evidence," in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 45.  It was not available to me.


Chagnon [2013]: Chagnon, Napoleon.  Noble Savages.  Simon & Schuster.  New York, USA.  2013.  978-0-684-85510-3.

Cline [2012]: Cline, Eric, ed.  The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean.  Oxford University Press.  New York, USA.  2012   (first published in 2010.)    978-0199873609

DeMarrais, et al. [1996]: DeMarrais, Elizabeth, Luis Jaime Castillo, Timothy Earle. "Ideology, Materialization, and Power Strategies", Current Anthropology. Vol. 37, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 15-31. Online here.

Flannery and Marcus [2012]: Flannery, Kent and Joyce Marcus, The Creation of Inequality: How our prehistoric ancestors set the Stage for Monarchy, Slavery, and Empire. Harvard University Press. 2012.  978-0674416772.

Goldman [1970]:  Goldman, Irving.  Ancient Polynesian Society. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637  1970.  0226301141.

Harrison [1990]: Harrison, Simon J.   Stealing People's Names: History and Politics in a Sepik River Cosmology.  Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology, 71.   Cambridge University Press.  1990.  ISBN 0-521 38504 0.

Kirch [2012]: Kirch, Patrick V.  A Shark Going Inland is my Chief,  University of California Press.  Berkeley, CA, 2012.

Leach [2004]: Leach, Edmund. Political Systems of Highland Burma;  A Study of Kachin Social Structure. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology.  Berg Publishers. Oxford, UK.  2004. 1845200551.  Originally published in 1957.

Pullen [2007]: Pullen, Daniel J. (Ed.)  Political Economies of the Aegean Bronze Age; Papers from the Langford Conference, Florida State University, Tallahassee, 22-24 February 2007.  Oxbow Books, Oxford, UK.  978-1-84217-392-3.

Sidky [1996]: Sidky, H.  Irrigation and State Formation in Hunza; The Anthropology of a Hydraulic Kingdom.  University Press of America, Inc.  Lanham, New York, London.  1996.  978-0761802044.

Voutsaki [1995]: Voutsaki, Sofia.  "Social and political processes in the Mycenaean Argolid: the evidence from the mortuary practices." In Laffineur, R. and Niemeier, W.-D. (eds.) POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age. Aegaeum 12, Liège, 55-65. 1994.   (Online here)

Voutsaki [1997]: Voutsaki, Sofia.   "The Creation of Value and Prestige in the Aegean Late Bronze Age."  Journal of European Archaeology,  V.2, 1997.  (Online here)

Voutsaki [1998]: Voutsaki, Sofia. "Mortuary Evidence, Symbolic Meanings and Social Change: A Comparison Between Messenia and the Argolid in the Mycenaean Period," in K. Branigan (ed.), Cemetery and Society in the Aegean Bronze Age (1998) 195-213.

Voutsaki [2007]: Voutsaki, Sofia.  "From the Kinship Economy to the Palatial Economy: The Argolid in the Second Millennium BC", in Pullen [2007] 86-111.  (Online here)

Voutsaki [2012]: Voutsaki, Sofia.  "Mainland Greece" in Cline [2012] 99-112.

José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)


Χείρων·Chiron vuelve a estar totalmente operativo después de sufrir problemas técnicos durante unos días. En el caso de la página index, actualizamos WordPress a la versión 4.6.1, y todas las páginas gestionadas por WP se blanqueron. ¿La causa? La nueva versión de este programa requiere una versión de PHP superior a la 5.5. Así que CDMon, nuestro servicio de hosting, nos cambió de servidor a uno que cumplía con esta especificación. Pero WP seguía sin funcionar. Recordé que a veces son los plugins los que causan los problemas, y que se aconseja desactivarlos. Entré a la base de datos directamente con phpMyAdmin y los desactivé a mano (lo típico, pasarlos de 1 a 0), pero no cambió nada. Los de CDMon me dijeron entonces que el log del servidor indicaba que el problema lo causaba el plugin Google Analytics by Yoast. Estaba anticuado, así que entré en el tablero de WP —sin problemas, no sé por qué—, lo desactivé e instalé la versión actualizada de Google Analytics by MonsterInsights y, ahora sí, la portada de Χείρων·Chiron volvió a verse. Faltaban algunos menús y sobraba alguna imagen, pero entré en la administración del tema, reactivé algunos widgets y todo volvió a su ser. ¡Ufff! Y entonces vi que no funcionaban ni la wiki ni Moodle.

Por lo que se refiere a la wiki, el problema y su solución estaban bien documentados en la web. Las versiones antiguas de Mediawiki (esta es la 1.16) no funcionan cuando el servidor usa PCRE en la versión 8.34 porque en el archivo “MagicWord.php” la variable $regex pone a los grupos un nombre que empieza por un dígito (tócate los cojones con el PCRE). La solución consiste esta vez en aplicar un patch a este archivo. Entro al servidor con Cyberduck por FTP, edito el archivo con Smultron y sustituyo una línea por estas tres:

// Group name must start with a non-digit in PCRE 8.34+
$it = strtr( $i, ‘0123456789’, ‘abcdefghij’ );
$group = “(?P<{$it}_{$name}>” . preg_quote( $syn, ‘/’ ) . ‘)’;

Y no pasa nada, aparentemente. Pienso que la culpa puede ser de la caché, no la de mi navegador, sino la del servidor, y que tendría que purgarla, pero no doy más de mí y lo dejo. Sin embargo, al día siguiente poco a poco van volviendo en sí las páginas de la wiki. Es decir, que el patch ha funcionado, pero efectivamente la caché del servidor servía las páginas de la versión estropeada. Lo dejo estar y poco a poco vuelven a verse a medida que la caché del sitio las actualiza (suave, linda, paulatinamente).

Sólo faltaba arreglar Moodle. En este caso descubro no sé cómo que el error 500 se debe a que en el nuevo servidor la API de PHP es un CGI, concretamente FPM/FastCGI, y no un módulo independiente de Apache. Resulta que, por ser un CGI, no acepta que figure la expresión “php_value” en el archivo oculto “.htaccess” (tócatelos otra vez, Sam). Pruebo a renombrar el archivo como “htaccess”, sin el punto que lo invisibiliza, y voilà: Moodle vuelve a la vida. ¡Qué rollo patatero! Cada vez me gusta menos la informática. Con lo bonito que es el mar.

Añadido 1/10/2016. Más aún: Pergamon, el blog de reseñas de libros parecía funcionar perfectamente, hasta que entrabas a la página de administración y se blanqueaba todo. Como funciona con WordPress la solución pasaba por actualizarlo a la última versión. Vale, lo hago, entro al tablero de administración y WP ya no se blanquea. Perfecto, solo que ahora no funcionan las URLs, que devuelven el mensaje de “Página no encontrada…”. Cuestión de entrar a “Ajustes > Enlaces permanentes” y cambiar la estructura personalizada por una estándar. Funciona. ¡Buffffff! Al final el único programa que no ha dado problemas ha sido Gregarius, el viejo y feo pero fiable agregador de blogs, que está discontinuado desde hace años (tócatelos por tercera vez). En justa compensación a tanta lealtad, he abierto el archivo “messages.po” con Poedit y he pulido la traducción, que tenía varios errores; lo he salvado y he subido el “” al servidor. Además he renovado el tema adaptándolo al de la página index de WP, que está basado en el conocidísimo Twenty eleven. Queda elegante.

Añadido 3/10/2016. No hay dos sin tres (y mira que no me gustan las frases hechas, Sancho). Cuando todo parecía ir bien, y cacharreando un poco más con otro plugin, el plugin Multilingual CMS de WPML, después de desactivado, no se dejaba volver a activar. Τα κάναμε θαλάσσα (la liamos parda). Después de un par de días probando distintas soluciones, nos dicen del hosting que probemos a bajar PHP de versión porque el servidor está dando un montón de errores deprecated en varios programas. Pruebo a bajar a PHP 5.5, el plugin se instala y se vuelven a ver los elegantes menús multilingües de Χείρων·Chiron funcionando. No lo toco más. Hasta que lo vuelva a tocar, claro.

Robert Consoli (Squinches)

Tholos Tomb B at Kopanaki (C166)

Earlier this month I blogged about the exact position of Tholos A (C165) at Kopanaki in the Peloponnese of Greece.

I have a correspondent/friend who has been to this location very recently and who sends additional information about the other tholoi and in this post I present his photographs and remarks about tholos B.  The general situation is shown in Illus. 1.  This shows Messenia in the context of the entire Peloponnese; Kopanaki lies in the Soulima Valley which forms part of northern Messenia.  The three tholoi located in this area were discovered by Natan Valmin in the summer of 1927[1].

Zavadil describes Tholos B like this:

"N. Valmin discovered three tholos tombs (A, B, C) in the summer of 1927 lying in a field of the Akourthi region, about 1.4 km. west of the railway station of Ano Kopanaki.  The graves are within a radius of approximately 50 m.  BetweenTholoi A and B Valmin discovered a wall of worked stone blocks which he supposed to be the ruin of a Byzantine church."[2]

"Corinthian and Hellenistic sherds as well as ash and charcoal may point to an ancestor- or hero cult in the tholos.  G.S.Korres, on the other hand, suspected that the collapsed Tholos had been used as a wastepit in the Hellenistic period." [3]

Tholos B has a tumulus of 5 m. in height and 20 m. in breadth.  The dromos is 4.5 m long, 1.7 m. wide and is oriented north-northeast.[4]

Kopanaki is situated as shown in Illus. 1

Illus. 1.    Red Pin shows the approximate location of Kopanaki
with reference to the rest of the Peloponnese

As we see the town of Kopanaki is located in the southwest quadrant of the Peloponnese in Greece.  It is in the Soulima valley which is part of the ancient province of Messenia.  In the next illustration I show this in more detail.

Illus. 2.  The area of the Soulima valley which extends from
central Messenia to the Ionian Sea on the west.  The red push-pin
marks the area around the town of Kopanaki.

The next illustration is a map that depicts the situation immediately around the three tholoi themselves.

Illus. 3.  The region immediately around the three tholoi (blue paddles) of Kopanaki.
The town itself is about 1300 m. to the east.

Before I show you my friend's photographs I present a diagram that illustrates how the various photos were taken.  You may wish to refer to this diagram throughout the post:

Illus. 4.  Camera angles for the illustrations in this post.

In this diagram the tholos and its dromos are indicated by blue lines.  The red arrows show the general direction of the subsequent photographs:

First off let's look at the dromos itself.  Illus. 5 is taken from inside the tholos chamber and through the stomion and the dromos (or what's left of them).

Illus. 5.  Looking from the chamber to the stomion and along the dromos (NNW).

Illus. 6.  Northern half of the chamber tomb including what
would have been the stomion and part of the dromos.
Using the dromos as a starting point you can see the whole northern half of the tholos chamber in Illus. 6.  Notice the oak tree trunk on the right hand side.  It is the same oak that we see on
the right hand side of Illus. 5.

Illus. 7.  Panorama of the south and west portion of the chamber.

In the panorama shot in illus. 7 we are facing west and we can see the whole center of what remains of the chamber.  Again you can recognize the specific oak tree on the right.  I have just one shot of the south side of the chamber.  Here it is in Illus. 8:

Illus. 8.  Southern wall (from the inside) of the Tholos B chamber.

Here's the southern part of the chamber of Tholos B.  One thing to notice in every one of these shots is that nearly all the stone lining the chamber, dromos, and stomion is gone.  There are only scraps left.  My correspondent made a composite of two views of this tholos.  It compares pictures taken by Valmin in the 1920's with the same views as they look now.

Illus. 9.  Upper left: View of the mound of Tholos B as it looked in the late 1920's.  Lower left: as it looks now.
Upper right: the stomion with dromos behind taked from inside the chamber as it looked in the late 1920's.
Lower right:  The same view of the dromos as it looks now.

As I was remarking, nearly all the stone has disappeared and only scraps remain.  In the next illustration I show some of the stones on the chamber floor.  My correspondent thought that they might be remnants of what originally fell from the collapsed dome even though there's no way to tell for sure:

Illus. 10.  Stones on chamber floor.  Possibly fallen from dome.

What does the tholos look like from the outside?  In Illus. 11 I show the tholos mound from the northwest.

Illus. 11.  Tholos B mound from exterior on the NW.

... And from the west:

Illus. 12.  Tholos B.  Exterior of mound from the west.

In Illus. 12 we can see some more of the few remaining scraps of stone left from the exterior of this tholos tomb.  These limestone chunks don't naturally occur in this region.  My informant says that they must be brought from several km. away and cut for the purpose.

If you inspect illus. 3 you'll see a roughly N-S track leading past tholos B on the east.  In illus. 13 I show the view from this track and what the mound looks like taken from that position:

Illus. 13.  Tholos B as seen from track to the NE and facing SW.

All this helps us to locate and understand the current condition of this Mycenaean burial mound.  We are all indebted to my friendly correspondent who has provided us with all these pictures.

At any rate I can now say with assurance that the position of this tholos B (C166) is: 
37.289048° N, 21.800647° E

It is 52.88 m. from tholos A at a bearing  of 284.1° from tholos A.

Next time I'll blog about something that wasn't easy to find:  Kopanaki Tholos C.


[1]  Reference to Natan Valmin, probably from revious post.

[2]  Zavadil [2012], 261, 'Ano Kopanaki/Akourthi (Ep. Triphylias)'.  "Drei Tholosgräber (A, B, C) entdeckte N. Valmin im Sommer 1927 in einem in der Flur Akourthi gelegenen Acker ca. 1,4 km westlich der Bahnstation von Ano Kopanaki. 1  Die Gräber finden sich innerhalb eines Radius von ca. 50 m. Zwischen den Tholoi A und B entdeckte Valmin eine Mauer aus bearbeiteten Steinblöcken, die er als Ruine einer byzantinischen Kirche ansah."

[3]  Zavadil [2012], 261, 'Tholos B'  "Korinthische und hellenistische Scherben sowie Asche und Holzkohle weisen vielleicht auf die Ausübung eines Ahnen­ oder Heroenkultes in der Tholos hin. 5  G. S. Korres hingegen vermutete, daß die eingestürzte Tholos in hellenistischer Zeit als Abfallgrube verwendet worden sei. 6"

[4]  Zavadil [2012], 261, Under 'Maße'.  And see additional remarks in Boyd [1999], 637 ff.  Boyd supplies more recent photographs of Tholos B on pp. 640-1


Boyd [1999], Boyd, Michael John.  Middle Helladic and Early Mycenaean Mortuary Customs in the Southern and Western Peloponnese.  University of Edinborough.  Scotland.  1999.

Zavadil [2012], Zavadil, Michaela. Monumenta: Studien zu mittel- und späthelladischen Gräbern in Messenien.  Wien:Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-Historische Klasse Denkschriften. 2012.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

From my diary

My house is still being painted.  My books are still in 70 plastic crates in the garage.  But this weekend I’ve managed to sneak my laptop back into the house.  I’ve brought in the router and got my internet working again!

It is such a relief to be able to get online at home.  I can get online at work at my current client, but since I know that their office network is subject to repeated virus outbreaks, I don’t connect to my email there.

Here I am still surrounded by painter’s gear, and nearly everything still is packed up in boxes in my garage.  The smell of paint is everywhere.  The carpets are being taken up, and there is dust and dirt in all sorts of places.  Living in a building site is challenging, particularly when you have to wipe the paint off your taps, or your vacuum cleaner, where the painter has carelessly handled them.  It has become part of my routine every evening when I get home.

Also I’m finding that one thing leads to another.  What was originally just a job painting all the walls and ceilings and white woodwork is now going to involve replacing all the carpets.  Pulling up the carpets reveals damaged floorboards.  I’m trying to get a carpenter in, and deal with this.  My, these people are difficult to contact!

Tacking down a damaged floorboard was enough to stick a nail through a pipe, which meant a plumber, which meant lots of air into the radiators.  I’m still bleeding the radiators at intervals.

Meanwhile I decided that my original choice of replacement carpet colour – beige – would be depressing when it’s dark or raining, i.e. for 9 months of the year.  So I’m spending all my spare moments traipsing around carpet shops.  I would just buy the same type as I currently have;  but they do not make it any more.  You can only buy what they sell.

This leads me to wonder … will future archaeologists date our dwellings, not by types of non-existent pottery, but by types of polyester carpet?

So there’s no time for Thoughts on Antiquity.  But then, I am lucky.  If I was married, I’d have no time to do anything.

The most interesting thing today is a 1954 aerial photograph of the London Mithraeum, which was here.  Sadly it’s not that clear which bit is the temple.


Not very exciting, perhaps… but as good as it gets!

I’ve been thinking again about ways to manage my books.  One item that I could happily dispense with is Bart Ehrman’s Forgery and Counterforgery, a big fat worthless book of which I reviewed bits some time back.   I wish someone would make a PDF of it; I’m  not sure that a Kindle download is quite as useful for reference purposes.

I’d also like to see the back of my Ancient Christian Writers series volumes.  I don’t have many, but they’d be far more useful in eBook form, and they would take up less space.  But I couldn’t see any sign that you can buy eBooks of them.

Basically if it is a translation of an ancient text, in the majority of cases, I don’t want it in paper form.

The exception, of course, is translations that one can read for pleasure.  My copy of the Penguin translation by Betty Radice of Pliny’s Letters is one such example.  It can be read for pleasure, and I have done so, many times.

The four volumes of Cicero’s letters to Atticus, and to his friends are another – and I have no idea at all how to get an eBook of these, long out of print, volumes.  I’m not quite sure whether I will read through these again.  At the moment I am not in the mood; but I have done so several times in the past.

Maybe the answer is to find some young man with time on his hands who would sit in front of the scanner for a few hours, and create eBooks of some of my crucial books.  But where do I find this person?

Somehow, I must regain control of my book collection.

I’ve also been reading Lindsey Davis’ “Flavia Albia” books on my smartphone, via Kindle.  Davis is famous for the “Falco” series of Roman detective novels, set in the Flavian period.  The “Flavia Albia” series are “Son of Falco”; or rather, “Daughter of Falco”.  I bought the first three volumes on Kindle and read them, and they slipped down easily enough.

Recently volume 4 of this series appeared, and I bought it on paper; but in fact I would have been just as happy or happier with it on Kindle.  I don’t know that I shall read it again, so the paperback will go out to a charity shop.

Maybe one-time or two-time novels should be read electronically, rather than on paper?  But … what about our eyes?  Eyestrain is such a problem for smartphone users.

Today I broke off from my house-related chores, and took a restorative walk by the sea.  While doing so, I saw that a new information board had appeared there.  This referred to a building on the sea front, which was recently – within a year or two? – demolished, and was called the “long shelter”.  I always felt that it was an attractive building, and that it should have been repaired rather than demolished.

Well, the information board told me that the demolition took place in 2008!  Was it really 8 years ago?  How fast the years now fall, like leaves in autumn after the first frost.

I was reminded yesterday of “Thoughts on Antiquity”.  This was the blog, at, on which I started blogging.  It was the blog of Chris Weimer, who invited me to write a few posts.  These I copied here long ago; and just as well, for his blog has pretty much vanished.  Looking at, I see the last post was 24 May 2010.  The last snapshot to show it was on September 26, 2010, and the next snapshot, December 17 2010, shows only an HTTP 301 code.  I wonder what happened to it?  Indeed I wonder what happened to him?  I see that I have an email address … I must write and ask.

I’ve had a series of minor health problems for most of the year, although I don’t believe anything is really wrong.  On Tuesday I go into hospital as an outpatient for a somewhat unpleasant examination.  Wish me luck!

Ancient Peoples

Bracelet: copper alloy and a rattling...

Bracelet: copper alloy and a rattling stone

Sulawesi, Indonesia, 100 B.C. - A.D. 300

Source: LACMA

BiblePlaces Blog

Eighth-Century Papyrus Discovered in Judean Wilderness

Word is out about a ancient papyrus to be presented next week by Shmuel Ahituv. The Hebrew papyrus includes the word “to Jerusalem,” and dates to about the time of King Hezekiah. It was discovered recently in the Judean wilderness and purchased from an antiquities dealer. For information about the conference, see Aren Maeir’s post and his mention of this “VERY INTERESTING” papyrus.

HT: Joseph Lauer

UPDATE (10/22): The now-deleted reference to the number of lines on the papyrus was based on the mistaken assumption that the article’s photo showed the newly discovered papyrus.

Weekend Roundup

Archaeologists have uncovered evidence of the Roman breach of Jerusalem’s “Third Wall” in AD 70. Some high-res images are available here.

Excavations around the “Ramesses Gate” in Jaffa have revealed a massive destruction layer that attests to a battle between Egyptians and Canaanites.

Researchers have discovered two secret chambers in the Great Pyramid of Giza.

The Temple Mount Sifting Project shares some finds related to the feast of Sukkot.

Scientists have recently discovered the two components that gives frankincense its distinctive odor.

An archaeologist has created a 3-D model of the Heraion at ancient Olympia using photogrammetry.

An AP article describes the work and accomplishments of Robert Bewley and David Kennedy in documenting archaeological sites in Jordan from the air.

The New York Times profiles the early farming village of Ain Ghazal in central Jordan.

A new pleasure cruise line is carrying travelers between Haifa and Acco.

The National Museum of Beirut has opened its basement to the public for the first time in 40 years.

Touch Point Israel has compiled a list of 13 “must-see museums” in Israel.

This week in New York City a new photo exhibition opened: “The Day Memory Dissolved: an artistic perspective on endangered archaeological sites in the Middle East.”

Progress is being made on the National Campus for the Archaeology of Israel. The Jewish Press article includes photos and a 2-minute video.

According to UNESCO, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem has nothing to do with Judaism.

Carl Rasmussen shares several photos from one of the least visited places in Jerusalem, the Tomb of the Royal Steward.

Wayne Stiles looks at the ancient and modern significance of Gideon’s battle in the Harod Valley.

The Associates for Biblical Research are having a big sale on the complete archive of Bible and Spade.

New book: The Five-Minute Archaeologist in the Southern Levant. (Out of stock at Amazon)

The schedule for next month’s Bible and Archaeology Fest XVIII is now online.

HT: Charles Savelle, Joseph Lauer, Agade, Steven Anderson

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: The Undergraduate Journal of Anthropology and Archaeology

The Undergraduate Journal of Anthropology and Archaeology
The journal is a scholarly medium through which U of T students' work, especially work relating to anthropology, can go through the peer review process and be published. The Journal encourages academic discourse, the sharing of ideas and interests, and a high degree of respect of everyone involved.The journal is run by students for students, meaning that it strongly supports a strict peer-review process.

Vol 1 (2009)

Table of Contents

Social - Cultural Anthropology

Natalie Ellis
Emma Neubauer
Illusha Nokhrin
Corina Tudor
Nicole Dawkins
Juliana Vegh
Maria Luiza Campos
David Rusak


Kelly-Anne Pike
Steven Dorland
Bryan Wyshnicki
Christopher J. Melnick-MacDonald
Mark Dolynskyj

Biological - Medical Anthropology

Claire Bennett
Samantha Cassista

Archaeological News on Tumblr

4,000 year old children's rattle beautifully crafted as bear cub's head: and it still rattles!

The remarkable discovery of one of the oldest toys in the world came from excavations at a Bronze...

Third shipwreck from Luna fleet uncovered

Ten months ago at the T.T. Wentworth Jr. Museum, University of West Florida President Judy Bense...

Martin Rundkvist (Aardvarchaeology)

Autumn Speaking Schedule

mr550pxFor the first time since 2011 I haven’t got any teaching this autumn semester, which is really bad both for my finances and for my troop morale. (I feel like my colleagues would celebrate or not even notice if I got eaten by a grue tomorrow.) To boost both I’m instead seeking paid extramural speaking gigs. Here’s what I’ve got scheduled at the moment.

  • 27 Sept. On early local history, in Sickla.
  • 6 Oct. On the Skällvik castle excavation, in Söderköping.
  • 19 Oct. On archaeology and religion, in Jönköping.
  • 20 Oct. On archaeology and religion, in Visby.
  • 27 Oct. On archaeology and religion, in Karlstad.
  • 2 Nov. On the local Iron Age and Middle Ages, in Vadstena.
  • 3 Nov. On archaeology and religion, in Linköping.
  • 7 Nov. On archaeology and religion, in Södertälje.
  • 9 Nov. On early local history, in Sickla.
  • 15 Nov. On archaeology and religion, in Malmö.

Dear Reader, would you like to hire me as a speaker?

Jim Davila (

Rosenfeld (ed.), What Ifs of Jewish History

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The Italian PM on the UNESCO resolution

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Laird, Negotiating Power in Ezra-Nehemiah

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Martin Rundkvist (Aardvarchaeology)

October Pieces Of My Mind #2

  • The New Dawn rose I’ve been pampering has almost outgrown its trellis.
  • Movie: Kubo and the Two Strings. Oddly titled Japanese fantasy story with beautiful imagery and sappy moral. Grade: Pass.
  • The UK imports roughly the same amount of tea annually as the rest of Europe combined.
  • About the Trump campaign’s response to the “just grab her” clip: me and my nerdy buddies never had those misogynistic locker-room conversations even during our lower teens. Ridiculous of him to claim “all men”.
  • In 1980 a lot of penpal ads in my kids’ mag listed Jimi Hendrix as an idol. Mom and Dad’s music…
  • When I was young I wanted to be free of obligations. In middle age and after 18 years of fatherhood, I now instead wish there were more people who need me.
  • A debate in Swedish media about whether state museums should propagate government-approved ideology reminds me that I am an Alan Sokal Leftie. If you want to be able to change society you have to have an independent method to find out what society is actually like before and after your attempts at changes. This method is called science. And museums, unless they’re art museums, should deal in solid scientific knowledge, not in Left or Right propaganda.
  • Having lived almost all my life outside Stockholm, I’m very familiar with evergreen woods, brackish inlets and ice-smoothened gneiss outcrops. I know very little of rivers, mountains and tides.
  • Selfie pro tip: when you take a picture of yourself in the mirror with your smartphone, look at the phone’s camera in the mirror. Not at your image on the phone. Why do I even have to explain this?
  • I would have an opinion on Bob Dylan’s latest prize if I thought the Swedish Academy’s taste in literary matters was a big deal. And if I cared one way or the other about Bob Dylan.
  • They’re releasing a boardgame named “Don’t Mess With Cthulhu”. This is so wrong. They’re going to get the Obvious Understatement Of The Year award.
  • Spent most of the day copy-editing an interesting paper submitted to Fornvännen. Finished off by googling a saga character that the author mentions, and found that the whole thing has already been published before in another journal. *sigh*
  • Cousin E is convinced that I will make him sleep in the yard if he doesn’t click “like” on all my Fb updates.
  • Me and Cousin E sent four adventurers into Dragon Castle. They all died.
  • I really prefer the FSM to FGM.
  • I once heard that recruiters look at where you sit down on an empty couch, as an indicator of your self-confidence. Since then I’ve been man-spreading dead centre on couches, faking it.
  • My 19 October talk about archaeology and religion in Jönköping is on YouTube (in Swedish).
  • Arlanda airport: a 1980s OKI Microline 182 dot matrix printer is still in use in gate 36.
  • I am on an ATR 72-600 aircraft.
  • Neither in Kirkwall nor Visby does the local curry place serve regional lamb. /-:

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Discussing the Ehrman-Price Debate

Here’s the recording of the conversation that James Crossley, Daniel Gullotta, David Fitzgerald and myself had with Arick Mittler and Matt Kovacs about the debate between Bart Ehrman and Robert Price over the historicity of Jesus, in case you missed it: Listen to “Panel Discussion” on Spreaker. Listen to “Panel Discussion Part 2” on Spreaker.

Archaeology Magazine

Island Chiefdom May Offer Insight Into Complex Societies

Pohnpei Nan MadolDALLAS, TEXAS—Fox News reports that Mark McCoy of Southern Methodist University and his team calculated the age of Nan Madol, a capital ruled by a single chief on the Pacific island of Pohnpei. Using uranium-thorium dating, the researchers found that the tomb where Nan Madol’s first chief was buried dates back to A.D. 1180, or about 100 years earlier than similar tombs elsewhere in the Pacific. McCoy described Nan Madol as the first site in the remote Pacific islands to serve as a seat of political power, religious rituals, and monumental burial. This information could help researchers understand how human societies evolved more complex, hierarchical systems. “The main finding here was the discovery of strong archaeological evidence of [the] rise of the first chiefs to rule the island,” McCoy said. “Something that of course is described in Pohnpei’s own oral histories, but with the results described in our new paper, can now be compared to other islands in the Pacific and societies around the world.” To read in-depth about another Pacific island, go to “Letter From the Marshall Islands: Defuzing the Past.”

Possible Third 16th-Century Ship Found in Florida Waters

third Luna shipPENSACOLA, FLORIDA—The Pensacola News Journal reports that archaeologists and students from the University of West Florida have found a third shipwreck in Pensacola Bay. All three ships are thought to have been part of Don Tristan de Luna’s expedition, which included 11 ships and 1,500 people sent to colonize Florida for Spain. One month after Luna arrived in 1559 on the northern Gulf Coast, a hurricane sank many of the ships and wiped out much of the expedition’s supplies. The newly discovered ship, found in shallower water than the two previously discovered, may have been La Salvadora, a smaller ship that had been built in the New World. “We’ll take the wood sample soon and see what it’s made out of,” said historian John Worth, who has been studying the Luna settlement, which was discovered last year. “Is it a New World species or Old World species? If it turned out to be [La Salvadora] that would be really exciting, because that would be the earliest ship built in the New World that’s documented,” he explained. So far, the team has found ballast stones, iron concretions, an articulated hull, planking, and ceramics. The Luna expedition ended in 1561, when Spanish ships rescued the surviving colonists and returned them to Mexico. For more, go to “Shipwreck Alley.”

Homo Habilis May Have Been Right Handed

Homo habilis teethLAWRENCE, KANSAS—HealthDay News reports that University of Kansas professor emeritus David Frayer has found evidence of right-handedness in a Homo habilis specimen. He and his team conducted experiments to re-create scratch marks similar to the ones found on 1.8-million-year-old Homo habilis teeth found in Tanzania. Most of the marks, located on the lip side of the specimen’s upper front teeth, veer from the left down to the right. The team members suggest that the marks were made when the hominin used a stone tool, held in the right hand, to cut food held with the teeth and the left hand. Frayer explained that Homo habilis was already thought to have had lateralization of the brain, meaning that each side of the brain has functional specializations for tasks such as handedness and language. Further research could show that how the brain is organized may be important in identifying the origins of human ancestors. For more, go to “Earliest Stone Tools.”

October 21, 2016

David Stuart (Maya Decipherment)

Old Notes on /jo/ and /wo/

by David Stuart, The University of Texas at Austin


Figure 1. A late example of the jo syllable from the Dresden Codex.

Way back in 1987 Steve Houston wrote me with some important insights about a hieroglyphic sign found from time to time in the Dresden and Madrid Codices and in the monuments of the Classic period (Figure 1). Early Maya epigraphers such as Benjamin Lee Whorf and J. Eric S. Thompson had long assumed this was a  word-sign for hax, “to drill,” based on the images of fire-drilling that accompanied its appearances in the codices. Most scholars accepted this rather iffy reading until Steve’s important realization that the sign was instead a CV syllable for ho, as in the spelling ho-ch’o and ho-ch’a for hoch’, another verb root in Yucatec meaning “to drill.” (Years later this reading would be refined to jo, reflecting the key distinction made in Classic Mayan between /h/ and /j/ – a contrast that was lost historically in colonial and modern Yucatec [Grube 2004]) . In the summer of 1987, after some days exploring sites and museums in Yucatan, I struck up a correspondence with Steve about a few new and exciting patterns I had seen involving his new jo sign.  These appeared to solidify the reading beyond any doubt. Soon his thoughts on jo made their into print in the journal Antiquity, discussed within his larger article of phoneticism in Maya writing (Houston 1988).


Figure 2.  u wojool, “the glyphs of…”

Building on Steve’s ideas, I posited that the jo sign might help to explain a common hieroglyph found in the texts of the Puuc region, u-?-jo-li, evidently a possessed noun based on a root Coj (Figure 2). My notes of that time explored how an unknown sign before Steve’s jo appeared elsewhere with the possible value wo, suggesting u wojool (or as I then wrote it, u uohol), “the writing, hieroglyph of…”  This reading came to pan-out nicely, and in the texts of Yucatan and northern Campeche it appears in reference to the hieroglyphic decoration on certain architectural features such as jambs and door lintels (Maya texts can be strangely self-referential in this way).


Figure 3. Examples of the spelling ti-jo AJAW from emblem glyph titles at Dzibilchaltun, Yucatan. (a) DBC:St.19, (B) DBC: inscribed bone. (Photos by the author)

My notes also touched the possibility that jo could explain a title that appeared on Stela 19 from Dzibilchaltun, Yucatan, reading ti-jo AJAW? (Figure 3a).  This seemed to me to be an emblem glyph for the local ruler, and a Classic use of the historical name of nearby Merida, T’ho or Tiho. The idea was particularly exciting to me at the time (and still is), as it suggested a rare case of a historical place name traceable back to the Late Classic period. Later finds at Dzibilchaltun produced better examples of this emblem title, as on a beautiful bone object excavated by the INAH project directed by Ruben Maldonado (Figure 3b). We now know that this local emblem presents a more complex term incorporating another glyph, as in ?-KAAN ti-jo, a sequence that is surely related to the elaborated name of ancient Mérida known from colonial sources Ichcaansiho’. Dzibilichaltun was perhaps an early political and ritual center that was later moved to present-day Mérida, also the site of a very large ruin at the time of the conquest.

At any rate, shown below are my hasty notes from July 31, 1987 and then a letter to Steve Houston of a month later (where I also posit confirmation of the common NAL sign reading, which came into play in our collaborative work on Classic place names).  My school work took over that fall and I never got to publish on u-wojol and the glyph for the ancient name of Merida, Tiho. So here it is.

References Cited:

Grube, Nikolai. 2004. The Orthographic Distinction between Velar and Glottal Spirants in Maya Hieroglyphic Writing. In The Linguistics if Maya Writing, edited by Soren Wichmann, pp. 61-82. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

Houston, Stephen D. 1988. The Phonetic Decipherment of Maya Glyphs. Antiquity 62:126-135.


David Stuart’s working notes on the jo (ho) and wo (uo) syllables, July 31, 1987


Letter to Steve Houston, August 30, 1987

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Vomit Inducing Smarm from US dealer

As my readers will know, I consider many of the antiquities dealers I come across in my perusal of the international market, slimy toads at the best of times. So this from one of them, does not really surprise:

As to where this US dealer's thoughts really are is revealed at the bottom:

Sometimes the veiled nastiness of the antiquities trade just makes you want to vomit.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Right-Handedness Might Go Back Almost 2 Million Years

Human’s preference for using the right hand may have developed earlier than thought, a new...

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Listen to the Big Debate Tonight!

Some of us watching the debate last night knew that the real big debate is taking place on the evening of October 21st – today! I’m happy that, despite not having been able to drive today to where it is occurring, I will nevertheless be able to watch the debate this evening between Bart D. Ehrman [Read More...]

Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron (Tulliana News)

SIAC Newsletter 118 (21/2016)

Les noms des membres de la SIAC sont en gras. – I nomi dei membri della SIAC sono in grassetto. – Names of SIAC members are written with bold characters.



– Bronwen, Neil, Continuities and changes in the practice of letter-collecting from Cicero to late antiquity, in Neil Bronwen & Pauline Allen (eds.), Collecting Early Christian Letters From the Apostle Paul to Late Antiquity, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015, 3-17. LINK

– Donavin, G. & D. Stodola (eds.), Public Declamations. Essays on Medieval Rhetoric, Education, and Letters in Honour of Martin Camargo, Turnhout, Brepols, 2015: I. Commentaries and Ciceronian Traditions: Rita Copeland, Affectio in the Tradition of the De inventione: Philosophy and Pragmatism; John O. Ward, Master William of Champeaux, and Some Other Early Commentators on the Pseudo-Ciceronian Rhetorica ad Herennium; Karin Margareta Fredborg, The De inventione Commentary by Manegold (of Lautenbach?) and its Place in Twelfth-Century Rhetoric; John Pendergast, ‘Ironical censors of all’: Thomas Nashe and the Sixteenth Century Commentary Tradition. LINK

– Martino, Consuelo, Richiami alla pro Cluentio nei ‘Baccanali’ di Tito Livio, “Rivista Storica dell’Antichità”, 45, 2015, 31-43. LINK

Moretti, Paola Francesca & Ricci, Roberta & Torre, Chiara (eds.), Culture and Literature in Latin Late Antiquity. Continuities and Discontinuities, Turnhout, Brepols, 2015: J. den Boeft, Ammianus Ciceronianus? LINK

Raschieri, Amedeo Alessandro, Retorica, pratica oratoria e diritto: le cause di eredità nel «De inventione» di Cicerone, “Atti dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. Classe di Scienze Morali”, 149, 2015 [2016], 137-153. LINK

Setaioli, Aldo (a cura di), Apis Matina. Studi in onore di Carlo Santini, Trieste, EUT-Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2016: Carlos Lévy, Scepticisme et transcendance chez Cicéron dans le De re publica et les Tusculanes : une continuité paradoxale; François Prost, La collera di Quinto Cicerone, fra epistolario e filosofia. LINK

– Zanon, Giorgia (a cura di), Pagine di etica pubblica, Padova, CLEUP, 2016: Giorgia Zanon, Cicerone; Luca Fezzi, Sallustio; Id., Constant. LINK


– Convegno Il ruolo della scuola nella tradizione dei classici latini: tra Fortleben ed esegesi, Foggia, 26-28 ottobre 2016. Gabriella Moretti, Serie lessicografiche: influenza di modelli grammaticali sulla composizione di testi letterari (e sul loro Fortleben); Paolo De Paolis, Grammatici latini, letture scolastiche e trasmissione dei classici: qualche sondaggio; Filippo Bognini, I primi commenti medievali al De inventione e alla Rhetorica ad Herennium (sec. XI-XII): edizioni recenti e prospettive future. LINK

– Conference Ancient Life-Writing (17th Unisa Classics Colloquium), Dinokeng (South Africa), 26-28 October 2016. Jeffrey Murray (Cape Town), Exemplary biography: Reading Valerius Maximus writing the life of Cicero. LINK

– Conference Cultural Memory in the Roman Republic, London, 3-5 November 2016. Joy Connolly (NYU, USA), Tradition and memory in Cicero, Benjamin, and Arendt; Jennifer Hilder (KCL, UK), The Rhetorica ad Herennium and cultural memory; Amedeo Alessandro Raschieri (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy), Cultural memory in young Cicero: the case of the De inuentione; Matthew Fox (Glasgow, UK), Cicero: dialogue form and cultural memory; Joshua Hartman (University of Washington, USA), Semper Manebit: Cicero, Poetry, and the Invention of Tradition; Catherine Steel (Glasgow, UK), Cultural memory and political change in the public speech in the late Roman Republic; Marsha McCoy (Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA), Cultural Memory and Cultural Identity: Cicero’s De Re Publica. LINK

– Conference Teaching Roman Oratory beyond Cicero, Glasgow, 9th November 2016. LINK

Cambridge Classics Research Seminars, Cambridge, 14th November 2016. Raphael Woolf (KCL), Philosophy and Death in Cicero’s Letters to Atticus. LINK



Moretti, Paola Francesca & Ricci, Roberta & Torre, Chiara (eds.), Culture and Literature in Latin Late Antiquity. Continuities and Discontinuities, Turnhout, Brepols, 2015: P. F. Moretti, Nisi modum epistolici characteris excederem. Jerome and Epistolary brevitas; C. Torre, The Dynamics of Seneca’s Reception in the Late Ancient Christian Tradition: Some Methodological Remarks. LINK

Setaioli, Aldo (a cura di), Apis Matina. Studi in onore di Carlo Santini, Trieste, EUT-Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2016: Giuseppe Aricò, Virgilio dolcissimo patre … Una reminiscenza virgiliana in Dante, Purg. XXX 49-51; Sergio Audano, Marsia e il suo fiume: spazio fisico e geografia poetica in Ovidio (Met. VI 399-400); Béatrice Bakhouche, Théorie et pratique chez Firmicus Maternus : antiscies et horoscope d’Albinus (II, 29); Laura Corso de Estrada, El binomio naturaleza-racionalidad. La concepción ciceroniana sobre las inclinaciones naturales en la Summa de bono de Felipe Canciller; Aldo Setaioli, L’uovo e la gallina (Plut. quaest. conv. 2.3, 635E-638A; Macr. Sat. 7.16.1-14); Silvia Stucchi, In causa ius est positum. Note su due frammenti di Alfeno; Chiara Torre, A margine del mito di Ulisse in Seneca prosatore; Jula Wildberger, Types of Freedom and Submission in Tacitus’ Agricola. LINK

Tarigo, Paolo Giovanni, La Coena Cypriani da “falso” biblico a dramma onirico postmoderno di Eco, “Vichiana”, 53, 2016. LINK


– Seminar der Klassischen Philologie, Eichstätt, 25-26/10/2016. Ermanno Malaspina, Tränen, Schmerz und Rache: die Emotionen beim Philosophen Seneca. LINK

– Convegno Forme di accesso al sapere in età tardoantica e altomedievale, Milano, 26-28 ottobre 2016. Carmen Codoñer (Salamanca), Agustín y el psalmus abecedarius. LINK

Ricerche a Confronto XI, XI ciclo di incontri tra studenti e dottorandi di Antichità classiche e del Vicino Oriente antico, Bologna, 10 novembre 2016. Elisa della Calce (Università di Torino), Vt qui a principio mitis uideri uellet (Liv. XXIII, 15, 4): un profilo della clemenza di Annibale nella terza decade liviana. LINK

[Last updated on October 21th, 2016.]

Filed under: Newsletter

Kristina Killgrove (Powered By Osteons)

Creepy & Funny Skeletons - An illustrated poem by my 7-year-old

Frequently at bedtime, my 7-year-old, Cecilia, asks me to read her something I've written for Forbes. At first, I think she was just trying to extend bedtime by a few minutes, but now she asks a thoughtful question or two about the topic. I was reading her the "Medieval giantess" story yesterday, and we had this exchange:

C: "Mama, look at that number. Your story has a lot of views!"
Me: "I know. It's great because it means people are enjoying it."
C: "And Forbes has to pay you more money, right?"
Me: "That's true as well."
C: "Can I write something for Forbes? I want to earn money to buy more Legos!"

While on the one hand, I want my kids to learn legitimate skills and not become famous/rich because of being on the internet, on the other hand, I want to encourage her to write and to show her that writing is a skill that people can make money doing.  So, I made her a deal: if she wrote something for Powered by Osteons, I would give her the money from the ad revenue on the page.  She decided to write and illustrate a poem.  Without further ado...

Creepy and Funny Skeletons
by Cecilia R.

Skeletons give me quite a scare!

So enter the Halloween if you dare!

We skulls are very bare.

But we don't have any hair!

We skeletons aren't very rare.

Of course, they don't eat a pear!

Skeletons don't live near an oak.

They also don't drink coke!

The skeletons don't wear pants.

They definitely don't dance!

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Bulletin de l'Association pour la Promotion des Recherches sur l'Age du Bronze

Bulletin de l'Association pour la Promotion des Recherches sur l'Age du Bronze
Le bulletin de l'APRAB est imprimé depuis 2003, et se compose de deux principales parties :
- La première est consacrée aux résumés des communications tenues lors de la journée d'information annuelle (début mars). 

Les résumés des communications devront être rendus sur CD ou clé USB, le jour même de la présentation orale, à Théophane Nicolas. Il est également possible de les envoyer par internet, en fichier attaché, à, et ce jusqu'à deux semaines après la journée d'informations.

- La seconde partie du bulletin est consacrée à l'actualité de la recherche en âge du Bronze  : publications, colloques, découvertes récentes, annonces de fouilles à venir, travaux universitaires (en cours ou achevés), expositions, conférences, séminaires thématiques, etc… Tout ce qui a trait à l'âge du Bronze. Merci de nous faire part rapidement (dernier délai : janvier - février, en fonction de la date de la Journée d'information) de toutes les informations utiles, cette partie du bulletin ne pouvant exister que grâce à la participation de chacun. 

Toutes les informations utiles pour cette partie doivent être envoyées par mail ( :
•  annonce de colloques en relation avec l'âge du Bronze
•  découvertes récentes
•  annonces de fouilles à venir
•  travaux universitaires en cours ou achevés
•  publications récentes (monographies, colloques, …)
•  annonces d'expositions
•  annonces de conférences ou de séminaires thématiques
•  etc
Bulletin n°0 - 2003
Bulletin n°1 - 2004
Bulletin n°2 - 2005
Bulletin n°3 - 2006
Bulletin n°4 - 2007
Bulletin n°5 - 2008
Bulletin n°6 - 2009
Bulletin n°7 - 2010
Bulletin n°8 - 2011
Bulletin n°10 - 2012
Bulletin n°11 - 2013 : SOMMAIRE ...
Bulletin n°12 - 2014 : SOMMAIRE ...

Ancient Peoples

Joined couple, burnished ceramic with slip, 12 ¾ in high...

Joined couple, burnished ceramic with slip, 12 ¾ in high (32 cm)   

 Nayarit, West Mexico, 200 B.C. - A.D. 500

Source: LACMA

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Ancient Roman Battlefield Uncovered in Jerusalem

Archaeologists say they’ve found evidence of a battlefield from the Roman emperor Titus’...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Mapping the Via Appia

The Via Appia, ‘Queen of Roads’, became a hallmark of the political and cultural presentation of the city of Rome as the centre of the then existing world, and is still seen as an iconic monument of ancient Rome. Since 2009 the department of Classical Archaeology of the Radboud University Nijmegen has started a field work project in close collaboration with the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, named ‘Mapping the Via Appia’. The project aims at a thorough inventory and analysis of the Roman interventions in their suburban landscape, focusing on parts of the 5th and 6th mile of the road. The stretch starts where the modern Via di Erode Attico crosses the Via Appia antica and ends at the point where the Via di Casal Rotondo crosses the ancient road. Other partners are the Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences and the SPINlab of the VU University Amsterdam, and the Soprintendenza Speciale per I Beni Archeologici di Roma.

The wealth of archaeological monuments preserved both above and beneath ground level as well as the opulent documentary evidence in archives and digital resources (mainly photographs), make a very detailed multidisciplinary analysis of the history of the road and its surroundings possible. At the same time, this huge amount of wide-ranging data poses some methodological challenges and requires the development of new documentation and analysis strategies. The complex architectural design of several monuments, as well as the detailed archival records, have resulted in an archaeological and historical landscape which cannot be studied by only using established recording systems like regional field survey projects.


The Database of Byzantine Book Epigrams (DBBE)

The Database of Byzantine Book Epigrams (DBBE)
The Database of Byzantine Book Epigrams (DBBE) is an ongoing project that makes available textual and contextual data of book epigrams (or: metrical paratexts) from medieval Greek manuscripts (seventh to fifteenth century).
We define book epigrams as poems in books and on books: their subject is the very manuscript in which they are found. They record, react to, or motivate the production, the contents and the use of the book. Further explanation of this definition is to be found on the Help page.
Objectives of the database are to:
  • collect textual material that was hitherto dispersed over various publications, chiefly catalogues;
  • clarify the manuscript context of the epigrams;
  • provide ways to search the corpus and detect affinities between epigrams and manuscripts;
  • offer reliable editions that respect the uniqueness of each specific manuscript.
The user can access the database by searching or browsing through three categories in the menu above:
epigrams as they occur in one specific manuscript. The data collected here is mainly derived from descriptive catalogues as well as other related publications (such as articles, editions etc). In certain cases it is the result of manuscript consultation conducted by members of our team.
corrected versions of the poems, often regrouping several similar occurrences. This part of the database is still very provisional. The types are meant to evolve into a corpus of editions over the next years.
manuscript identifications are given according to city, library, name of the collection, shelf nr.: it basically follows the system of the Pinakes database.
A beta version of the database has been released on 1 September, 2015. Please, bear in mind that this version is still work in progress. All users are invited to send their feedback with corrections, suggestions etc. at:
We are keen for DBBE to be used in the widest possible range of educational and research contexts. For information on how to cite or refer to DBBE, see the Help page.

AIA Fieldnotes

Archaeology For Kids

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by Azaad Graphic Institute
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Thursday, October 20, 2016

Archaeology For Kids is a one-day workshop for 8-10 years old children. At this workshop we talk about Archaeology, its importance and use, Archaeologist and its variation, imporance, human evolution and technology improvement and at last introduction of cultural heritageand the Importance of them. Then they paint with finger like hunter-gatherers, make hand-made pottery, paint pottery, do archaeology survay and record data, and at the final part have a mini excavation.


Zeinab Nazari Tehrani
Call for Papers: 

ArcheoNet BE

Oost-Vlaamse contactdag archeologie op 19 november in Ename

Op zaterdag 19 november wordt in het Provinciaal Erfgoedcentrum in Ename (Oudenaarde) opnieuw een Oost-Vlaamse archeologiecontactdag georganiseerd. Deze dag is een ideale gelegenheid voor mensen met een algemene interesse voor archeologie en professionele archeologen om met elkaar in contact te komen en ideeën uit te wisselen. De contactdag richt zich zowel tot vrijetijdsarcheologen en metaaldetectoramateurs als tot de (jonge) beroepsarcheologen.

Het thema van de contactdag is dit jaar ‘Bot, steen, scherf. 10 jaar archeologie in Oost-Vlaanderen’. In het laatste decennium hebben we de opkomst van de archeologische bedrijven meegemaakt en dit jaar is er een punt gezet achter de vorige regelgeving. Hoog tijd dus om een bilan te maken van de voorbije periode en de vernieuwingen op het vlak van methode, maar ook nieuwe kennis en nieuwe spelers eens op een rijtje te zetten.

Praktisch: je vindt het volledige programma op Inschrijven kan tot 16 november via (met vermelding van aanwezigheid in voormiddag, namiddag, lunch en/of receptie).

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Cairo Gazetteer : un thesaurus pour l'identification des monuments du Caire

Cairo Gazetteer : un thesaurus pour l'identification des monuments du Caire
Au XIXe siècle, le voyage au Caire, deuxième ville après Rome pour l’exceptionnelle concentration de ses monuments, faisait partie du « grand tour » de nombreux artistes et architectes. Avec les édifices andalous et persans, l’architecture du Caire médiéval occupe une place centrale dans la découverte de l’art islamique. Les institutions patrimoniales européennes conservent ainsi des collections d’œuvres graphiques et photographiques de très grande valeur, dont l’intérêt est à la fois scientifique, artistique et, en raison de la disparition progressive de ce patrimoine architectural, historique. Ces fonds rassemblent parfois la seule documentation encore subsistante sur des édifices disparus, très dégradés ou radicalement transformés. Ces collections riches, variées et au caractère souvent unique restent cependant à peu près invisibles et inexploitées faute d’une indexation appropriée. Ce type de corpus soulève des difficultés particulières de traitement en matière d’identification et d’indexation, en raison des multiples variantes issues de la translittération, en caractères latins, des toponymes arabes. Il existe en effet de très nombreuses disparités dans l’orthographe des noms des monuments et cette « cacographie » demeure problématique pour le traitement documentaire et l’interopérabilité des données. Le laboratoire InVisu a donc établi un référentiel sur les monuments du Caire, sous la forme d’une table de concordance qui recense les variantes orthographiques des toponymes, et qui permet d’identifier, de décrire et de localiser les 600 édifices classés du Caire. Les monuments ont été localisés dans la base de données géographiques GeoNames (plus de 400 monuments créés), ce qui a permis de générer leurs coordonnées géographiques et d’exposer une partie des données de ce référentiel dans le Linked Open Data. Le projet Cairo Gazetteer vise la mise à disposition, au niveau de la communauté européenne des humanités numériques, de l’intégralité de ce référentiel en le publiant au format SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System).
À chaque monument correspond un concept SKOS (skos:Concept), identifié par un URI (Uniform Resource Identifier). Ce référentiel est multilingue : des termes préférentiels (skos:prefLabel) sont associés au concept en arabe (skos:prefLabel@ar) et en français (forme courante, skos:prefLabel@fr). Des langues « virtuelles » ont été créées pour les translittérations normalisées : ISO 233-2 (1993) (skos:prefLabel@ISO), et ALA-LC de lAmerican Library Association-Library of Congress (skos:preflabel@ALA). Les variantes des toponymes sont décrites comme des termes alternatifs (skos:altLabel@MUL) avec le code ISO MUL pour « multiple langages ». Ces variantes sont également identifiées par des URI afin de pouvoir indiquer leur source bibliographique dans une note éditoriale. La typologie du monument est exprimée par la relation à un terme générique (skos:broader), défini dans un thésaurus sur l’architecture, en français, en anglais et en arabe, aligné sur les référentiels de data.bnf, de la Library of Congress et du Getty. Le monument est associé (skos:relatedMatch) à son fondateur (en lien avec les ressources de data.bnf, de la Library of Congress, de DBpedia, de VIAF et de l’ISNI) et à son quartier (en lien avec GeoNames). Le référentiel propose aussi un alignement (skos:exactMatch, skos:closeMatch) avec data.bnf, les Subject Headings de la Library of Congress, DBpedia, VIAF et GeoNames. Une notice descriptive (skos:definition) en français, en anglais et en arabe mentionne la date de construction, la localisation (adresse et coordonnées géographiques), le numéro d’inventaire, et indique s’il existe des risques de confusion avec d’autres monuments.
Ce référentiel propose une solution innovante pour le traitement des multiples variantes issues de la translittération des toponymes arabes. Il répond aux besoins d’une large communauté scientifique transdisciplinaire, en offrant aux historiens, historiens de l'art, architectes, restaurateurs, conservateurs, bibliothécaires et iconographes, un outil pour l’identification, l’indexation et la valorisation de fonds iconographiques et textuels relatifs aux monuments du Caire.
Le projet Cairo Gazetteer a été retenu comme contribution de la France à l'infrastructure européenne de recherche Dariah. Il a permis la création et l’enrichissement d’une soixantaine de notices d’autorités géographiques dans le catalogue de la BnF, pour l’indexation du fonds du photographe Beniamino Facchinelli (actif au Caire de 1876 à 1895), traité en collaboration avec le département des Estampes et de la Photographie. Il va également servir à l’indexation de l’intégralité des travaux du Comité de conservation des monuments de l’art arabe, qui vont être mis à disposition sur le portail Persée dans le cadre du projet Athar, lauréat de l’appel à projet BSN5.

Termes de premier niveau

Open Access Journal: Mashriq & Mahjar: Journal of Middle East Migration Studies

[First Posted in AMIR 28 February 2013, updates 21 October 2016]

Mashriq & Mahjar: Journal of Middle East Migration Studies
ISSN:  2169-4435


Mashriq and MahjarJournal of Middle East Migration Studies is a bi-annual electronic publication devoted to disseminating original research on migration from, to, and within the region now commonly known as the 'Middle East.' Its primary focus is on the Eastern Mediterranean. However, its scope also extends to Iran, Turkey, Greece and the Balkans, Egypt, and the Arabian Peninsula, and to all parts of the world affected by Middle Eastern migration, from the Americas and Africa to Australia and South-East Asia. The journal welcomes submissions on all aspects of human movement and the circulation of ideas, cultural artifacts, and commodities, from the disciplinary perspectives of history, anthropology, economics, political science, sociology, art history, literary studies, and comparative religion. Each issue contains double-blind peer-reviewed articles and detailed reviews of relevant publications.


    ArcheoNet BE

    Erfgoedcoördinator gezocht voor IOED Voorkempen

    Om de doelstellingen van de nieuwe intergemeentelijke onroerend-erfgoeddienst (IOED) Voorkempen te realiseren, zoekt het Regionaal Landschap Voorkempen een voltijdse erfgoedcoördinator (m/v). Het werkingsgebied van de IOED omvat de gemeenten Wuustwezel, Essen, Kalmthout, Wijnegem, Wommelgem, Kapellen, Zoersel, Ranst en Schilde. Solliciteren voor deze functie van onbepaalde duur kan nog tot 2 november. Je vindt de volledige vacature op

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua

    ISSN 0213-0181
    ISSN-e 1988-3080
    Gerión, con ISSN: 0213-0181, es una revista con formato 17x24 cm, que fue fundada en 1983 con periodicidad anual. En 2002 pasó a tener periodicidad semestral y en 2012 de nuevo anual. Recoge en sus páginas artículos originales y una selección de reseñas de obras de reciente publicación (en todos los idiomas académicos) sobre temas relativos a las ciencias de la Antigüedad, con especial dedicación a la Historia Antigua. También acepta otros campos que inciden directamente sobre esta materia: Epigrafía, Arqueología, Filología, etc.
    Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua (ISSN 0213-0181, ISSN-e 1988-3080) is a journal that was founded in 1983 and is published on an annual basis. In 2002, it became a six monthly publication and in 2012, annual once again. It compiles original articles and a selection of reviews of recently published works (in all academic languages) on topics relating to the Sciences of Antiquity, particularly devoted to Ancient History. It also accepts works from other fields that have a direct effect on this subject: Epigraphy, Archaeology, Philology, etc. 



    Vol 32 (2014)


    2004: Anejo VIII


    Vol 5 (1987)




    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Friday Varia and Quick Hits

    It’s a fall Friday with family in town. So, my quick hits and varia are going to be a bit quicker and maybe less varia than usual. 


    If you feel like you need more links to follow, then listen to first Caraheard Podcast of season 3.

    IMG 5502We’re here to help.

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    Gullible Collectors Naively Stake Faith on Forgeries

    Many recent biblical archaeological ‘finds’ have been proven to be false: often after enthusiastic collectors have handed over large wads of cash for an artefact that appears to be a direct link to their faith  (Jamie Seidel, 'Doubts raised over ‘New’ Dead Sea Scroll fragment finds' News Corp Australia Network, 20th October 2016).

    Suspicions have been raised about the authenticity of 70 supposedly new fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls [...]  But they have since been sold to private collectors — among them the head of the controversial US Hobby Lobby craft chain — and their true sources are hard to prove. The US Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary owns one piece which contains two of the Bible’s most strident anti-homosexual passages — from the widely separated sections of Leviticus 18 and 20. It’s the very convenience — and marketability — of this text that has some experts raising questions. “It is extremely unlikely that a small Dead Sea Scroll fragment would preserve text from both chapters,” Dead Sea Scroll researcher Arstein Justnes, at University of Agder in Norway, told Newsweek. He said the ‘new’ fragments appeared to be ‘amateurish’ forgeries, copied from textbooks about the real Dead Sea Scrolls. “I think this fragment was produced for American evangelicals,” he reportedly said. “There is a real danger that an increasing number of forgeries is accepted into the datasets on which we base our knowledge of the ancient world.”

    The Heroic Age

    Monasteries in the digital humanities
    Kraków-Tyniec, Benedictine Abbey, 13–16 September 2017
    The conference is organised by the Friends of History Society in Wrocław, Branch of the Polish Historical Society, in collaboration with the Institute of History, University of Wrocław, Institute of History, University of Opole, and the Benedictine Abbey of Tyniec
    1. Presentation of the history of monasteries and religious orders on the internet (monasticons, portals and blogs, websites, databases, maps etc.)
    2. Digital reconstruction of former monasteries, virtual monastery libraries, utility rooms in monasteries etc.
    3. Digitisation of the written legacy of monasteries
    4. Creation of platforms providing information and bringing together scholars researching monasteries
    5. Dissemination of knowledge of monasteries and religious orders online
    6. Possibilities of creating an online monasticon encompassing monasteries located both in Europe (including Poland) and other parts of the world
    7. Digital tools and resources in humanities research. Problems – solutions – proposals.
    Please send us the proposed titles of your full papers (up to 20 min.) and short communication papers (up to 10 min.) before 15 November 2016.
    The languages of the conference will be generally international conference languages. However, we may organise separate sections devoted to Polish topics.
    We plan to publish a volume of conference proceedings.
    The conference fee is PLN 200 (EUR 50).
    We will provide full board and accommodation for participants from outside Poland and will reimburse their travel expenses.
    Polish participants will cover the cost of accommodation, but will receive fees for preparing their papers (approx. PLN 500).
    At the end of the conference, on 16 September, we will organise a tour of Kraków monasteries.

    Yours sincerely,
    Prof dr hab. Marek Derwich
    Monika Michalska

    Jim Davila (

    A Hebrew papyrus from the 8th century BCE?

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    L’Association Française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Blog de l'AFEAF)

    Stips et autres pratiques autour de la monnaie dans les sanctuaires du Sud-Est de la Gaule (Ve s. av. J.-C. -début du Ve s. ap. J.-C.)

    Dans le cadre du séminaire :Monnaies et sanctuaires, Labex RESMED (AOrOc – UMR 8546), Mercredi 26 octobre 2016 à 16h00 Salle F École normale supérieure, 45, rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris Stips et autres pratiques autour de la monnaie dans les sanctuaires du Sud-Est de la Gaule (Ve s. av. J.-C....

    Corinthian Matters

    Fields, Sherds, and Scholars

    It’s been all teaching for me since late August as I manage courses at Messiah College in Latin, Ancient Civilizations, and Historical Archaeology (including a little field component). But fall break is here at last which gives me a little reprieve to catch up on grading, stain the fence, and pass along a few of the goodies that have gathered in my inbox. (Next semester should be lighter which gives me some hope that I’ll return to a more regular output of Corinthiaka.)

    For now, I pass along this circular for a conference titled, “Fields, Sherds and Scholars: Recording and interpreting survey ceramics,” which the Dutch Institute of Athens will host from February 24-25. Interpreting ceramic scatters is foundational to regional pedestrian survey, the most established method for reconstructing the ancient countryside, yet remains poorly understood. The deadline for submitting 200-word abstracts is Oct. 24. For information about submission, see this PDF circular.

    Survey ceramics have always been convenient chronological markers of archaeological surveys, enabling us to recognize and date survey sites. Although landscape archaeology has now been going on for more than half a century and the amount of sherds collected in these projects is overwhelming, the interpretative value of the ceramic material is rarely exploited. What do the dots on the map actually represent and how did people use and shape the landscape?

    This conference will also address sampling, recording and publication strategies that would best serve the interpretation of survey ceramics. Of course these depend on the research questions we have in mind, but to some extent the material itself dictates opportunities and limitations. The dataset is shaped by the choices what field data to record, which material to collect and how to record and publish. These strategic choices determine our research possibilities and the comparative value of project results.

    We are pleased to invite you to contribute to this conference within the frame of these two topics:
    • Sampling, recording and publication strategies
    • Interpretative potential for survey ceramics

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Plagiarism in Commentaries and Commentaries on Plagiarism

    Given that I’ve now had my first plagiarism case of the semester, the time seems right to comment on this topic. Let me begin with an infographic that explains different kinds of plagiarism and evaluates them in terms of their severity, since it seems that many people are still unclear on precisely what plagiarism is. [Read More...]

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Avviso conferimento di 7 incarichi di collaborazione per attività di catalogazione

    La Soprintendenza Archeologia Belle Arti e Paesaggio per la città metropolitana di Genova e le province di Imperia La Spezia e Savona, ha indetto una procedura comparativa per il conferimento di 7 incarichi individuali di lavoro per attività di catalogazione.

    Virginia L. Campbell (Pompeian Connections)

    Rock the (Female) Vote



    One thing that has always been a bit of a pet peeve in my teaching of the ancient world is when students talk about both Greece and Rome as misogynist societies because women didn’t have the right to vote. Whilst I’m not denying that the ancient world was, for the most part, patriarchal by design, I’ve always found the enfranchisement of women as a rather daft piece of evidence considering that women couldn’t vote in the UK until 1918 (and even then only those over 30 with property qualifications) and in the US from 1919. It seems somewhat ridiculous to my mind to hold the ancient world to a standard that wasn’t met in modern life until the 20th century. Women in ancient Rome certainly couldn’t hold political office or vote, which we know from the laws collected by Justinian (D. 50.17.2), but there is ample evidence from Pompeii that women were very much engaged in the political process.

    Amongst the electoral programmata that once covered the walls of Pompeii, there are fifty-four women supporting the candidacies of twenty-eight men. The majority of these women, thirty-three of them in fact, do so alone. That is, the dipiniti for which they are responsible is sponsored by them alone.

    CIL IV 3479
    Caecilium Capellam // d(uum)v(irum) i(ure) d(icundo) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) / Cornelia rog(at).
    ‘Cornelia begs you to elect (Lucius) Caecilius Capella duovir with judicial powers.’

    Perhaps surprisingly, (see above – patriarchal society), only thirteen women offer an electoral notice with a man.

    CIL IV 207
    M(arcum) Cerrinium Vatiam aed(ilem) / Nymphodotus cum Caprasia rog(at).
    ‘Nymphodotus with Caprasia asks you to elect Marcus Cerrinius Vatia aedile.’

    Four women sponsored dipinti with another woman, and two represent a larger group, as indicated by the word suis.

    CIL IV 3294 = 3678
    M(arcum) Casellium et L(ucium) Albucium aed(iles) o(ro) v(os) f(aciatis) / Statia et Petronia rog(ant) tales cives in colonia in perpetuo.
    ‘Statia and Petronia beg you to elect Marcus Casellius and Lucius Albucius, excellent citizens for the perpetuity of the colony, aediles.’

    CIL IV 1053
    Polybium / IIvir(um) Lollia / cum suis.‘Lollia, with hers, (asks you to vote) for Polybius, duovir.’

    What is particularly interesting, however, is that some of the candidates who are supported by female rogators have an incredibly high proportion of these notices. Gaius Iulius Polybius, for example, is supported by six different women: Cosseia (CIL IV 10051), Cuculla (CIL IV 7841 = AE 1913: 95), Fabia (CIL IV 7189), Specula (CIL IV 7167), Vatia (CIL IV 123), and Zmyrina (CIL IV 7864 = AE 1912: 238). Another candidate popular amongst the female population of Pompeii was Gnaeus Helvinius Sabinus. He is supported by nine women – although the data may be skewed in part because he has far more surviving notices – Aegle (CIL IV 7862 = AE 1912: 236), Biria (CIL IV 9885), Caprasia (CIL IV 923), Iunia (CIL IV 1168), Maria (CIL IV 7866), Parthope (CIL IV 3403), Poppaea (CIL IV 357), Primgenia (CIL IV 3410), and Recepta (CIL IV 1083). What made these particular men so popular and seen as worthy of a magisterial position remains, unfortunately, lost in history. The programmata written by women do not differ in format from those by men, and thus give no specific clues as to why these women chose to support these men.

    The evidence for women participating in the electoral process in Pompeii despite not being able to vote or run for office themselves is one that has always intrigued me, and one, as I stated at the outset, that I think challenges the idea of  women accepting a non-civically minded role in the ancient world. In the final weeks leading up to the American presidential election, the idea of the impact of women voting (or actively campaigning for male candidates) has taken on a new importance. Polls have revealed that women alone may be responsible for the defeat of Donald Trump. Whether or not that happens remains to be seen, but the possibility, in conjunction with the ancient evidence, demonstrates how much women are interested in politics, and always have been.


    Tagged: CIL, Dipinti, Elections, Graffiti Friday, Politics, Pompeii, Women

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    TECHNART 2017: a Bilbao la conferenza sulle tecniche microanalitiche e non distruttive

    La Conferenza TECHNART 2017 "Non-destructive and microanalytical techniques in art and cultural heritage" si svolgerà a Bilbao dal 2 al 6 Maggio 2017. Scopo principale della Conferenza è essere un forum scientifico per presentare e promuovere l'uso di tecniche analitiche nel campo dei beni culturali.

    Jim Davila (

    Weissenrieder (ed.), Borders

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Inaugura il Via Francigena Entry Point a Lucca: nuovo complesso per un viaggio immersivo

    Sabato 22 ottobre sarà inaugurato il nuovo complesso VIA FRANCIGENA ENTRY POINT a Lucca. Dopo l’anteprima al pubblico che dal mese di settembre ha reso possibile la visita al MUSEUM presso la Casa del Boia e all’attigua HOSPITALITY presso la Casermetta San Salvatore, con oltre 1.500 presenze, alle 16.30 di sabato 22 ottobre è prevista la cerimonia del taglio del nastro. Sarà restituito alla città, ai pellegrini, ai turisti un meraviglioso viaggio immersivo lungo la Via Francigena.

    Jim Davila (

    Sukkahs for Sukkot

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Islam, Jews, and Jerusalem

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Jewish-Temple denial from an MK

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    "Solomon's Pools" at Gush Etzion

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

    Local Perspectives on Archaeology from Around the World

    We tend to dig other people’s pasts, even in our own countries, such is the nature of archaeology. One of the great joys of archaeology is listening to local communities and their impressions of the past. So it was a real pleasure to listen to some archaeologists and non-archaeologists discuss archaeology and their past from around the world at WAC-8. I recorded the talks which you can see below. A very interesting mix of groups from Japan’s Ainu (WAC-8 was in Kyoto) to “descendent of Alexander’s troops” (not really but watch the video):

    Koji Mizoguchi- introduction

    Tadashi Kato

    Paul Tapsell

    Sayed Gul Kalash

    Aulii Mitchell

    Dorothy Lippert

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    VIDEO: Moussaka with Chef Takis Iliopoulos

    Learn how to make traditional Greek Moussaka with Chef Takis Iliopoulos in The American School's Loring Hall kitchen.

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Medaglieri Italiani: Workshop, Vetrine virtuali, Laboratori, Mostre itineranti

    Dal 27 al 29 Ottobre 2016 a Taormina, presso il Palazzo dei Duchi di Santo Stefano, e a Siracusa, presso il Museo Archeologico Regionale “Paolo Orsi” si terrà l'evento "Medaglieri Italiani: Workshop, Vetrine virtuali, Laboratori, Mostre itineranti".

    Bryn Mawr Classical Review

    2016.10.38: Philostorgios Kirchengeschichte (2 vols.). Kleine und fragmentarische Historiker der Spätantike, E 7

    Review of Bruno Bleckmann, Markus Stein, Philostorgios Kirchengeschichte (2 vols.). Kleine und fragmentarische Historiker der Spätantike, E 7. Paderborn: 2015. Pp. lxxiv, 1,057. €128.00. ISBN 9783506781994.

    2016.10.37: Grabdenkmal und locale Identität. Ein Bild der Landschaft Phrygien in der römischen Kaiserzeit. Asia Minor Studien Band 74

    Review of Ute Kelp, Grabdenkmal und locale Identität. Ein Bild der Landschaft Phrygien in der römischen Kaiserzeit. Asia Minor Studien Band 74. Bonn: 2015. Pp. x, 318; 67 plates. €89.00. ISBN 9783774938090.

    2016.10.36: A Reading of Lucretius' ‘De rerum natura’

    Review of Lee Fratantuono, A Reading of Lucretius' ‘De rerum natura’. Lanham; Boulder; New York; London: 2015. Pp. xii, 505. $140.00. ISBN 9781498511544.

    2016.10.35: Divination and Human Nature: A Cognitive History of Intuition in Classical Antiquity

    Review of Peter T. Struck, Divination and Human Nature: A Cognitive History of Intuition in Classical Antiquity. Princeton; Oxford: 2016. Pp. x, 288. $45.00. ISBN 9780691169392.

    Compitum - publications

    Fr. Cairns et R. Gibson (éd.), Greek and Roman poetry; the Elder Pliny


    Francis Cairns et Roy Gibson (éd.), Greek and Roman poetry; the Elder Pliny - Papers of the Langford Latin Seminar 16, Prenton, 2016.

    Éditeur : Francis Cairns
    Collection : Arca 54
    vi, 337 pages
    ISBN : 9780905205595
    80 $

    S. Citroni Marchetti (Università di Firenze):‘Cicero as Role-Model in the Self-Definition of Pliny the Elder'

    Trevor Murphy (University of California, Berkeley): ‘Notes from Underground: the Curious Katabasis of Dionysodorus' Eugenia Lao: ‘Taxonomic Organization in Pliny's Natural History'

    Aude Doody (University College Dublin): ‘The Authority of Greek Poetry in Pliny's Natural History 18.63-65'

    Trevor S. Luke (The Florida State University): ‘Pliny the Elder on Pythagoras' Greek and Roman Poetry

    Nigel Nicholson (Reed College): ‘Four Reasons not to have an Epinician'

    Alex Hardie (University of Edinburgh): ‘Callimachus at the Mouseion (the Hymn to Delos)'

    Annemarie Ambühl (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz): ‘Literary Love Triangles: Berenice at Alexandria and Rome'

    Alberto Canobbio (University of Pavia): ‘Lucilius and Horace: from criticism to identification'


    Source : Francis Cairns

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Colonne tecnologicamente innovative a confronto e loro sostenibilità

    Tempo fa nacque a Roma una interessante “colonna” tecnologica eretta per il Monitoraggio Geomatico dei Monumenti voluto dal Comune di Roma per il controllo di staticità durante i lavori di costruzione della Metropolitana Linea C.

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    Blegen Library closed October 28

    The Blegen Library will be closed to visitors on Friday, October 28, 2016 in observance of the National Holiday.

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Il rilievo del sottosuolo: il caso di una cavità antropica ad Afragola con tecnologia mobile mapping indoor

    Presso una cavità sita nel Comune di Afragola (Na) è stato recentemente eseguita un'attività di rilievo con tecnologia laser scanner di ultima generazione. La necessità di utilizzare un laser scanner maneggevole è nata dall’esigenza di rilevare agevolmente sistemi di cavità presenti nel sottosuolo e comprendere eventuali fenomeni di dissesto dell’edificato superiore.

    Insula: Le blog de la Bibliothèque des Sciences de l'Antiquité (Lille 3)

    Un article sur Insula dans la revue BIBLIOthèque(s)

    Le blog Insula est le sujet d’un article que nous avons publié dans la revue de l’Association des bibliothécaires de France.

    Bibliothèque(s) 85/86 (octobre 2016)Bibliothèque(s) 85/86 (octobre 2016)

    BIBLIOthèque(s) est la revue professionnelle éditée par l’Association des bibliothécaires de France (ABF) qui, comme le souligne l’éditeur sur son site internet, se veut « ouverte sur la vie des bibliothèques, la filière du livre et les problématiques de l’image et du son ».

    Chaque numéro propose un dossier thématique ainsi qu’un ensemble de rubriques épousant les facettes du métier et rendant compte des initiatives du terrain. Le numéro 85/86 d’octobre 2016 de BIBLIOthèque(s) reprend dans un dossier intitulé « Innover » (p. 5-75) la thématique qui fut celle du 62e Congrès de l’ABF : « Innovation en bibliothèque sociale, territoriale, technologique ». Avec ce numéro, l’ABF entend mettre en avant celles et #ceuxquifont, pour reprendre l’expression de l’éditorial.

    Notre contribution − « Insula, blog d’une bibliothèque (?) » − souhaite revenir sur la genèse et l’existence de ce blog qui, six ans après sa création, reste une expérience originale en bibliothèque universitaire.

    Disponible à l’achat, ou en bibliothèque, ce numéro sera disponible gratuitement dans la bibliothèque numérique de l’enssib un an après sa publication en version papier.

    Extrait de l'article ) Bibliothèque(s) n° 85/86Extrait de l’article − Bibliothèque(s) n° 85/86

    AIA Fieldnotes

    Stage, Sanctuary, and Beyond. A conference in Honor of Elizabeth R. Gebhard

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Sponsored by Hartford Society of the AIA, Trinity College Department of Classics, and the Trinity Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies
    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Friday, October 21, 2016 - 5:00pm to Saturday, October 22, 2016 - 8:00pm



    AIA Society: 


    Martha Risser
    Call for Papers: 

    Archaeology Magazine

    Cache of 8,000-Year-Old Animal Bones Found in Mexico

    Mexico bison remainsNUEVO LEÓN, MEXICO—Prensa Latina reports that archaeologist Araceli Rivera of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) has found animal remains that may have been used in rituals some 8,000 years ago. The remains include the teeth, long bones, skulls, ribs, and vertebrae of mammoths, camels, horses, llamas, and prehistoric bison. The bones had been placed in a rock shelter and covered with a rectangular stone that researchers have dubbed La Boveda, or The Vault. The researchers think The Vault may have been illuminated during the winter solstice, at a time when food may have been scarce. For more, go to “Under Mexico City.”

    Possible Evidence of Roman Attack Found in Jerusalem

    JERUSALEM, ISRAEL—The Guardian reports that Rina Avner and Kfir Arbib of the Israel Antiquities Authority have found evidence of a 2,000-year-old watchtower and a wall that protected a “new” area of Jerusalem that had developed outside of the city’s two existing defensive walls. The Jewish historian Josephus described Titus’s breach of such a third wall in A.D. 70, when Roman legions invaded, sacked the city, and destroyed the Second Temple. Large stones that the Romans may have fired from catapults at the sentries in the tower have also been uncovered. It is thought that Roman forces used battering rams on the wall while the catapults provided cover. To read about another discovery in Jerusalem, go to “Rubaiyat Pot.”

    October 20, 2016

    Archaeology Magazine

    New Thoughts on Ancient Stone Flakes

    Capuchin monkey chopperOXFORD, ENGLAND—Live Science reports that capuchin monkeys living in Brazil’s Serra da Capivara National Park have been observed banging rocks against one another, an action that produces a cobble with a single flat side that is called a “unifacial chopper” by archaeologists. Unifacial choppers bear telltale scallop-shell-shaped breakages called conchoidal fractures. It had been thought that such modified stones were only made by hominins. According to observations made during the study, the monkeys sometimes lick the rocks, perhaps to ingest lichens or minerals, but they don’t use them as tools. Instead, they use other rocks to break open nuts. Researcher Tomos Proffitt of the University of Oxford says the study shows that modern primates can produce some types of artifacts that have until now been attributed to hominins alone, and will require scientists to rethink how they determine whether a stone tool was made by a human ancestor or human relative. For more, go to “The Neolithic Toolkit.”

    ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

    The Greek Verb Revisited

    The papers from the Greek Verb Conference at Tyndale House in Cambridge are now available on Amazon…that is, shipped, not merely pre-ordered.

    The Greek Verb Revisisted


    Filed under: Books

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Sylloge epigraphica Barcinonensis

    [First posted 25 May 2012. Updated 20 October 2016]

    Sylloge epigraphica Barcinonensis
    ISSN electrònic: 2014-8151
    ISSN paper: 2013-4118
    Sylloge epigraphica Barcinonensis: SEBarc
    Sylloge epigraphica Barcinonensis, fundada el 1994 pel professor Marc Mayer i Olivé, és una publicació científica anual que vol difondre estudis i novetats epigràfiques de qualitat, originals i inèdites, i abraça des del punt de vista de temes d'epigrafia, filologia clàssica, paleografia, història antiga, topografia antiga, arqueologia clàssica i llengües paleohispàniques.


    Open Access Journal: Studies in Mediterranean antiquity and classics

    [First posted in AWOL 6 July 2013, updated  20 October 2016]

    Studies in Mediterranean antiquity and classics
    ISSN: 1934-3442
    SMAC features the outstanding research of undergraduates at Macalester College in the study of ancient Mediterranean people and cultures. Papers are welcome addressing the languages, literature, material culture, societies or history of the ancient Mediterranean world or their reception in later historical periods. Submissions are peer reviewed by advanced students at Macalester College.

    Current Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1 (2016)


    Volume 3, Issue 1 (2013)


    Calenda: Histoire romaine

    IIe rencontres autour de la sculpture romaine

    Les rencontres de la sculpture Romaine en France s’inscrivent dans un programme de recherche en cours, mené par une équipe mixte de l'université d'Aix-marseille au sein du Centre Camille Jullian. Le thème central porte en 2016 sur : « Remplois en sculpture, sculptures en remploi ». Dans toutes les villes de l’Empire romain, embellies de bâtiments en marbre, le phénomène du remploi de la pierre peut être observé. À partir du IIIe siècle de notre ère, les blocs des bâtiments plus anciens sont recyclés au profit des nouveaux, pour des raisons économiques, mais pas seulement.

    ArcheoNet BE

    Opensleufdag op Markt Oudenaarde

    oudenaarde_okt16De opgravingen op de Markt van Oudenaarde draaien op volle toeren. Het onderzoek in de eerste zone is ondertussen volgens planning afgewerkt en na een korte onderbreking is gestart met het onderzoek aan de westzijde van de Markt. Verschillende sporen met onder andere vondsten uit de 13de eeuw worden op dit moment onderzocht. Meer weten? Op zondag 23 oktober organiseert SOLVA van 13u30 tot 18u rondleidingen op de site. Het bezoek op de site en een overzicht van de voornaamste vondsten geven je een eerste blik op het middeleeuwse Oudenaarde.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Journal of Ancient Philosophy

    [First posted in AWOL 25 May 2010. Most recently update 20 October 2016]

    Journal of Ancient Philosophy
    ISSN: 1981-9471
    The Journal of Ancient Philosophy publishes articles, reviews and textual notes on ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, as well as translations of classical texts into Portuguese or Spanish. It also provides information about Latin-American symposia, meetings and conferences on ancient Greek and Roman philosophy. It is published twice a year, in May and October. The purposes for which the Journal of Ancient Philosophywas created are to foster classical studies in Latin-America, providing scholars a vehicle for the publication of researches and discussions, and to promote international dialogue across different languages and approaches. It is open to all scholars world-wide to submit contributions for inclusion in this Journal. The accepted languages are: Portuguese, Spanish, English, French, German and Italian. Every contribution is read by referees.


    The Heroic Age

    everyone interested in medieval charters is invited to participate at the next MOMathon, 15th November 2016.
    The MOMathon is an online event concerned with the Monasterium portal – Europe’s virtual charters archive. Everyone interested in improving access to historical documents is given the opportunity to collectively enhance the world´s largest database of medieval and early modern charters:
    More details on how to participate and the prize awaiting the winner can be found here:
    The 34th Brixworth Lecture will be given by Prof Katy Cubitt, University of York, on Saturday 29th October at 5pm in the Anglo-Saxon church of All Saints at Brixworth, Northamptonshire (built c. 800). 
    Katy’s lecture will be on the topic of ‘Reform and Renewal of Religious Life in Anglo-Saxon England’.
    All welcome! 

    Joanna Story
    Professor of Early Medieval History
    Director of the Medieval Research Centre & Director of Research (History)

    School of History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
    T: +44 (0)116 252 2761

    Ancient Peoples

    Seated figure, burnished ceramic with slip, 19 in high (48...

    Seated figure, burnished ceramic with slip, 19 in high (48 cm)

    Colima culture, West Mexico, 200 B.C. - A.D. 500

    Source: LACMA

    ArcheoNet BE

    Inside Belgian Modernism II

    Volgende week start Docomomo Belgium met de lezingenreeks ‘Inside Belgian Modernism II’. Interieurs, meubelen en design geven de meest directe vorm aan het alledaagse leven en getuigen op onmiddellijke, zelfs intieme wijze van de steeds veranderende culturele condities. Omwille van vernieuwingen en verplaatsingen die ze ondergaan, vertegenwoordigen ze de meer voorbijgaande dimensie van architectuur. Vanuit dit perspectief biedt Docomomo een reeks van drie lezingen die de erfgoedthematiek van het moderne design benadert door de lens van deze schijnbaar ondergeschikte elementen. De lezingen behandelen vernieuwende voorbeelden, redeneringen en mogelijkheden voor de conservatie van modernistische design-objecten. Meer informatie vind je op

    The Archaeology News Network

    Early humans used innovative heating techniques to make stone blades

    Humans living in South Africa in the Middle Stone Age used advanced heating techniques that vastly improved living conditions during the era. Extensive heat treatment in Middle Stone Age shows that controlled use of fire may have occurred at early stage of tool and  blade production. The photo shows heated artefacts in silcrete made by Homo sapiens at Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa  [Credit: Katja Douze, University of the...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    Liz Gloyn (Classically Inclined)

    The Cambridge Greek Play 2016

    It’s been that time of year again – when hoards of classicists descend upon the Cambridge Arts Theatre to see whatever is being presented as the triennial offering of the Greek Play. Since I wrote about the 2013 playthe Greek Play website has been given a revamp to include a lot of material from the Greek Play archives, all the way back to the performance of the Ajax in 1882. I should also note that the first production to include more than one woman seems to have been the 1950 Oedipus at Colonus, which is really quite late if you think about it, particularly since Bedford College had been putting an all-female Greek play (starting with Iphigenia in Tauris) since 1887. The single outlier was Janet Case, who played Athena in the 1885 Eumenides, but no other women appeared on stage until the 1950 production. But I digress.

    This year’s offering followed the format of the 2013 production by bookending a tragedy and a comedy; my thoughts on gender come a little from the choice to stage Antigone and Lysistrata, plays which both revolve around female protagonists. The pairing of tragedy-comedy is meant to try and capture something of the spirit of the Great Dionysia, where the audience would be given the blessed relief of a satyr play after a thematically linked sequence of three tragedies. I have to say that there is something to this, the idea that after being plunged into gloom, the responsible dramatist pushes down hard on the other side of the seesaw. There’s also something very rich in the demands made of actors shifting between modes so quickly, and it allows the comedy to make jokes using the audience’s knowledge of what happened in the tragedy. Helen Eastman, the director of the Greek Play since 2010, has spoken about the improv/workshop approach she takes in the seven weeks before the performances, which allows the plays to develop organically and in dialogue with each other. This relatively short window is particularly important for the comedy, which needs to keep pace with current events; I think the team deserve a small round of applause for managing to keep on top of political developments over those seven weeks without completely loosing the will to live at the number of rewrites they must have needed.

    I went to see the Friday matinee, which was rather a treat – last time I went with G and made a weekend trip of it, but going on a Friday afternoon fitted in better to the requirements of infans-care and home life. (How things change.) This meant watching the plays in the slightly odd matinee crowd, namely retirees who were able to make a show at 2.30pm and an awful lot of school groups with accompanying teachers. And me, the academic on sabbatical. The predominance of the under-eighteens meant that the Lysistrata in particular was very well received. Clearly nobody had told most of these students what to expect, and it came as something of a shock to realise that you could, with a bit of effort and some help from the subtitles, actually be quite funny in ancient Greek.

    Now, to the plays themselves. Ah, Antigone. I have Issues with Antigone, as people who remember my review of the Christopher Eccleston production at the National Theatre may recall. Most of these issues arise from the fact that when I was teaching in the US, every undergraduate I encountered who had been taught the play in high school seemed to have the most extraordinary ideas about how to interpret it. Most of these have now blessedly faded from memory, but they all seemed to ignore the question of piety and the importance of observing religious laws over human laws that sit at the heart of the play. Polyneices is entitled to a decent burial (as a human right? Discuss) as part of the system that the gods have ordained just; Creon’s choice to enforce sacrilege and ignore divine law in favour of his own authority reflects his failure as a ruler. The play was set in a contemporary war zone – abstracted, of course, although the desert combat gear of soldiers and the smart suits of the chorus gave it a Westerners-in-the-Middle-East feel that I suppose is inevitable in modern productions of this kind at the moment.

    Evie Butcher’s Antigone was sharp, angry and focused; Kaiti Soultana as Ismene didn’t provide the foil she needed to bounce off, certainly not quivering in fear at the consequences of joining her sister, but not quite managing the spirited defence of the opposite view that Antigone needs to shine here. A lot of thought had gone into the speeches of Creon, played by Orlando Gibbs, and how to make them match the rhythms of modern political oratory. In fact, the vocal rhythms throughout often managed to echo English patterns of speech, with surprisingly effective results. All of the choruses were set to suitable music composed for the production by Alex Silverman. The stand out moment, though, was the blind prophet Tiresias, who turns up to let Creon know that he has been in the wrong all along and to prophecy the death of Haemon, Creon’s son. Tiresias was played by Jack Hawkins, a choral scholar at St. John’s – and, it turns out, an extremely passable countertenor. Oh, what fun Silverman and Hawkins must have had scoring this bit! The prophetic music, the otherworldly nature of the vocal line, the sense of something higher and beyond the world in which we had been living for the rest of the play… supported by very evocative lighting and the judicious use of smoke machine, this episode was musically and dramatically spellbinding.

    All of which made the actual dénouement all the more anticlimactic. After hearing Tiresias’ warnings, Creon frenetically dashed off, and returned with the first of three corpses which had to be found somewhere to lie on stage. The chorus started to look rather in the way, standing around the place awkwardly – which was a surprise, as previously they’d been used very effectively to respond to characters, lending Antigone their physical presence, swaying in rhythm to stirring speech, responding with sycophantic applause to Creon. In this final scene they just looked a bit lost. Although Gibbs’ Creon was very strong for the rest of the play, after Tiresias I found it increasingly difficult to believe and invest in him – possibly a problem of being ten years older than the actor myself now, I’ll readily admit. That said, it did feel as the production buckled a bit under the weight placed on it by the superb build-up in the Tiresias scene and couldn’t sustain the same strength of delivery all the way to the end.

    But never mind, I was all ready for Lysistrata after my interval ice cream, and was very pleased that the production took the same general attitude that the Frogs did in 2013 – namely, to follow the Aristophanic spirit rather than the letter; to mock shamelessly the oddities of the original Greek, leading to not one but two striptease/burlesque routines; to work in as much contemporary political satire as possible, leading to a BoJo-esque Foreign Secretary/proboulos as Lysistrata’s main opponent; and a symbolic rather than literal approach to Greek prop practices – so no actual giant phalloi, but Meaningful Light Sabres At Dawn. The choice to make the Spartans American, led by a very orange leader with a ‘Make Sparta Great Again’ baseball cap, and to have ancient Greek spoken in a range of regional accents, worked particularly well. The music was inspired by contemporary pop, and was once again extremely successful, including a sing-along moment which took a large portion of the audience by surprise… Daft, escapist, and having a lot of fun, just as Aristophanes would have wanted. My only slight disappointment was that I didn’t think the subtitles were quite as funny as they were for Frogs, but that might have had something to do with the fact I was expecting them to be funny, while their… innovative approach to translating was unexpected in 2013.

    Another fine afternoon of theatre in ancient Greek, then. What this year’s play has given me is some thoughts about the resonances between Antigone and Lysistrata, which had not previously occurred to me. The echoes are more pronounced than they were between Prometheus and Frogs, and for me, the conversation between the two plays is what worked best about this year’s production. Both plays, as I say, have a strong female protagonist; they both explore the impact of war on families; and morally, they both place women in the right and men in the wrong. Lysistrata explicitly noted the cross-over, by using the same stage-set as Antigone, and opening with Lysistrata walking on moodily and looking at flowers and a teddy bear laid in memory of some dead child. The brooding mood was broken, of course, by the entrance of a heavily pregnant and extremely perky Calonice with a buggy, but the overlap was still there. I’m also struck by the parallel lines of the opposing positions – the women side with peace, with harmony, with divine reconciliation, while the men side with war, aggression, dominance. There’s some real speaking truth to power here in both plays – not that I’d call Aristophanes a feminist, since as far as he’s concerned alcoholism comes hand in hand being a justice warrior if women are outside the home, but the underlying structure of the debates in both plays mirror each other in ways I’d not noticed.

    The current political situation has led a lot of people to say that satire is dead, because you couldn’t make up what’s happening in this political cycle. That said, this pair of Greek plays offered a new door into both the comedy and the tragedy of the place in which we find ourselves. Seeing and reflecting on the issues these plays raise, both in their words and in their staging, is one way to respond to a world which seems increasingly to be rattling out of control.



    With thanks to Katherine McDonald for jogging my memory about Janet Case, and for telling me that 2016 may be the most female ever in terms of its cast and crew!


    Kostis Kourelis (Buildings, Objects Situations)

    Kallion Cave and Italian Bullets

    In 2014, the Lidoriki Project concentrated on the survey of the acropolis of Ancient Kallion which housed the medieval fortified settlement of Velouchovo. The site was surveyed by Petros Themelis in the 1970s during the salvage excavations of the Mornos Reservoir, which ultimately submerged the modern village. In the 1980s, the Dutch Aetolian survey carried out a pedestrian surface survey (

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Massive carpet mosaic briefly uncovered in Palestinian town

    Archaeologists have removed the protective cover from one of the Middle East’s largest carpet...

    The Archaeology News Network

    2016 excavations at the ancient city of Gortyna in Crete completed

    The University of Padova has just completed this year’s excavation season in the ancient city of Gortys (Gortyna) in Crete, reporting outstanding results. Directed by Professor Jacopo Bonetto of the University of Padova, research has focused on the interior of the Temple of Pythian Apollo in the city of Gortys, a huge urban settlement sprawled over some 400 hectares. Coin depicting a running Minotaur found in Gortys [Credit:...

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    ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

    Reduced to Her Bare Essentials [PODCAST]

    Budin's article considers the symbolic meanings of the face, breasts, vulva, and branch images which typify the schematic piriform pendants which first emerged in Tell el-‘Ajjul in the Late Bronze Age and spread [...]

    The post Reduced to Her Bare Essentials [PODCAST] appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Epigraphia 3D

    Epigraphia 3D
    La escritura es uno de los avances tecnológicos más importantes de la historia de la humanidad y los testimonios escritos que se conservan de las antiguas civilizaciones nos acercan a la sociedad que los generó. A través de esta web podrás acceder a una selección de inscripciones romanas que se conservan en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional (Madrid) y en el Museo Nacional de Arte Romano (Mérida), a través de modelos en 3D que te acercarán a estos testimonios escritos de la Hispania romana. Con los conocimientos que podrás adquirir a través de los recursos elaborados para esta web y de otros que hemos seleccionado en la sección de enlaces, podrás iniciarte en el apasionante oficio de epigrafista, resolviendo la lectura de algunas inscripciones seleccionadas.

    The Archaeology News Network

    5,000 year old map unearthed on Danish island

    A mysterious stone found in a ditch on Bornholm by archaeology students during the summer has proven to be a 5,000 years old map. The stone tablet of Bornholm [Credit: National Museum]According to the magazine Skalk, the stone was discovered during  archaeological excavation work at the Neolithic shrine Vasagård. The stone has been studied by researchers at the National Museum of Denmark. Unlike previous and similar findings,...

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    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Newly Open Access Journal: Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe

    Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe
    Le projet ATHAR [de l’arabe traces ou empreintes, et par extension monuments ou antiquités] sur les monuments du Caire est issu d’un partenariat entre le laboratoire InVisu (USR 3103, CNRS/INHA), Persée (UMS 3602 Université de Lyon/CNRS/ENS de Lyon) et l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (EPSCP). ATHAR met à disposition la totalité des procès-verbaux et des rapports du Comité de conservation des monuments de l’art arabe, instance créée en 1881 au Caire pour inventorier, décrire et restaurer les monuments islamiques puis coptes d’Égypte. Cet ensemble ne pouvait être trouvé jusqu’à présent qu’à l’état de collection incomplète dans les principales bibliothèques publiques européennes.
    Sur le modèle des rapports de la Commission des monuments historiques en France, cette publication annuelle, rédigée en français, aujourd’hui éteinte et libre de droits, se compose de 41 volumes publiés au Caire entre 1882 et 1953, totalisant 8 000 pages et près de 800 planches (photographies, plans et dessins).
    Pour l’historiographie des arts de l’Islam, l’histoire de la restauration ou de la patrimonialisation en Égypte, ce corpus constitue une source de premier plan en raison de son grand intérêt scientifique (nombre de monuments décrits, qualité des informations architecturales et historiques, documentation technique sur les chantiers de restauration, prosopographie des acteurs, archives photographiques, etc.), mais aussi de la disparition progressive de ces édifices au cours des XXe et XXIe siècles : sur les 800 monuments identifiés dès 1880, 300 n’existent plus de nos jours. Ce corpus rassemble parfois l’unique documentation encore subsistante sur des monuments disparus, très dégradés ou radicalement transformés. Par ses illustrations, il se trouve en relation avec les riches fonds de la photographie commerciale présente au Caire à partir de 1860, diffusée de façon croissante sur Gallica et Europeana.
    Le traitement documentaire particulier de ce corpus, grâce notamment à un module d’encodage TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) que Persée a développé, et l’indexation des toponymes en liaison avec le référentiel Cairo Gazetteer établi par InVisu, permet une exploitation fine des bulletins pour l’identification des monuments du Caire. Ces identifications permettent à leur tour de valoriser de nombreux fonds textuels ou iconographiques.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Adventures in Podcasting Season 3!

    I know that some people expressed doubts over whether the Caraheard Podcasting Experiment ™ was over, but today should demonstrate that it was just a little delayed.

    We were lucky enough to have Kostis Kourelis join us to talk about his summer, and Richard and I provided the usual tomfoolery and background noise.  

    So, here is Caraheard, Season 3, Episode 1:

    Richard and I talked a good bit about his work in the Corinthia including the area around Siderona. We also mentioned my work around Vayia which was published here. We also mentioned David Pettegrew’s important new book on the region, The Isthmus of Corinth: Crossroads of the Mediterranean World. (Michigan 2016). 

    Kostis talked about his remarkable summer program in which students studied immigration both in the US and in Greece. You can read more about it here: “From Greek Village to the American City: Archaeology of Immigration,Franklin & Marshall College Alumni Magazine (Summer, 2016)

    We then strayed almost immediately from the Mediterranean and talked a bit about defending housing from extreme commodification. We mentioned  David Madden and Peter Marcuse, In Defense of Housing: The Politics of Crisis (New York: Verso, 2016).

    We discussed Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, “Learning from Levittown” Studio, 1970, and its classic drawing of the semiotics of a suburban American house.

    Richard talks about his traumatic experiences at the parade of homes and various forms of McMansion Hell including the expansion of junk space

    This, more or less, led us to the classic essay on the biography of things

    Igor Kopytoff, “The Cultural Biography of Things: Commoditization as Process,” in The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective, ed. Arjun Appadurai, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), pp. 64-94.

    We might also add a similar note about semiotics, although not mentioned in the podcast: Jean Baudrilard, The System of Objects (1968).

    From the edge of thingness, we return to sanity by discussing Philadelphia at Halloween.

    At some point, we mention that archaeology of care.

    Bill talked a bit about the North Dakota University System Arts and Humanities Summit on Outrage which he live-blogged here

    He also never misses an opportunity to promote The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota and its newest book Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future which will be released next week. 


    Corinthian Matters

    Greece’s Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities Celebrates 40 Years

    This short piece from the Greek Reporter caught my attention earlier this week. It includes a brief overview of a celebration of work of the ephoreia and includes mention of Lechaion. Here’s the opening and relevant section on Lechaion (read the full piece here):

    “Greece’s Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities on Friday celebrated 40 years of documenting and protecting the country’s rich underwater heritage….Angeliki Simosi, head of the ephorate, gave an overview of the numerous projects across Greece in the past two years, which include expeditions in cooperation with foreign institutes at famous shipwrecks and sites, such as the Britannic — Titanic’s sister ship, off Kea island, as well as new discoveries…At Lechaion, ancient Corinth’s partially submerged harbor town, ongoing underwater excavations revealed the infrastructure of more than a thousand years of flourishing maritime trade.”



    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Journal of the Jesus Movement in its Jewish Setting: from the first to the seventh century (JJMJS)

    [First posted in AWOL 21 October 2014, updated 20 October 2016]

    Journal of the Jesus Movement in its Jewish Setting: from the first to the seventh century (JJMJS)
    ISSN: 2374-7862 (print)
    ISSN: 2374-7870 (online)

    JJMJS is a new interdisciplinary peer-reviewed online journal, published in cooperation with Eisenbrauns.

    A rich variety of Jewish and Christian traditions and identities mutually shaped one another in the centuries-long course of Roman Late Antiquity. A no less rich variety of scholarly approaches – from the history of Christian Origins to that of the late empire, from archaeology to Dead Sea Scrolls, from Rabbinics to Patristics – has in recent years converged upon this period, the better to understand its religious and social dynamics. JJMJS seeks to facilitate and to encourage such scholarly investigations across disciplinary boundaries, and to make the results of cutting-edge research available to a worldwide audience.

    JJMJS is free of charge with complete open access. The journal is published in cooperation with Eisenbrauns and will be available in hard copy, which can be ordered from Eisenbrauns

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Huge ancient shipyard unearthed on Turkey’s Dana Island

    A huge shipyard, believed to be the oldest in the world, has been discovered on Dana Island in the...

    ArcheoNet BE

    Vlaams Parlement stuurt werking Herita bij

    herita_logoNaar aanleiding van de recente kritiek op de werking van Herita werd gisteren in het Vlaams Parlement een motie goedgekeurd, waarin een aanzet wordt gegeven voor een doorstart van de erfgoedorganisatie. “Wij vragen met deze motie, over de partijgrenzen heen, dat de huidige problemen grondig onderzocht worden, dat de samenwerkingsovereenkomst en de doelstellingen van Herita worden bijgestuurd, dat Herita de zorgplicht ten aanzien van de veertien sites die ze in erfpacht heeft, op een correcte manier vervult en dat een vernieuwend en wervend verhaal kan worden uitgebouwd vanuit duidelijk omschreven doelstellingen voor de valorisatie van ons erfgoed,” aldus mede-initiatiefnemer Manuela Van Werde (N-VA).

    Je vindt de volledige tekst van de motie op

    James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

    Made in the Image of God

    This might actually be the best argument against understanding the creation of humans in the  “image of God” in terms of our appearance…

    Jim Davila (

    New evidence for Roman breach of Jerusalem's third wall

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Review of Belser, Power, Ethics, and Ecology in Jewish Late Antiquity

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    A Marzo 2017 la II edizione del Master in Color Design & Technology, Consorzio del Politecnico di Milano, lancia la seconda edizione del Master internazionale in lingua inglese in Color Design & Technology.

    Turkish Archaeological News


    When you visit the inconspicuous ruins located near Lake Bafa, you might it find hard to believe that Myus was a city-state in ancient times. It was a member of a powerful confederation of twelve Ionian colonies in Asia Minor. Similarly as in the case of Miletus or Priene, the history of Myus is intrinsically linked with the river Meander. For centuries, this river gradually silted up the large bay on the coast of which many Greek cities were located.


    Jim Davila (

    IAA director compares UNESCO to ISIS

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Interview with Visotzky on Aphrodite and the Rabbis

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    More on Samaritan Sukkot

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    UNESCO resolution latest

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Nuova risorsa web di ICCROM per l'Heritage Science

    ICCROM ha annunciato l'inserimento di una nuova risorsa web sul suo sito. “Heritage Science" è uno strumento di condivisione e conoscenza focalizzata sui dati, dedicata al campo interdisciplinare dell'heritage science con un particolare orientamento verso la ricerca applicata alla conservazione, la cura e la gestione del patrimonio culturale.

    3D ARCH 2017 - 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures

    3D-ARCH è una serie di  workshop internazionale iniziati nel 2005 a Venizia e poi mossi in diverse località durante gli anni da Zurigo (2007), Trento (2009, 2011, 2013) e Avila (2015), organizzato come un evento congiunto tra ISPRS e CIPA.

    Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

    Vacancy - Research Associate, ‘Contexts of and Relations between Early Writing Systems’ Project (CREWS)

    Applications are sought for a Research Associate who will be a member of the ‘Contexts of and Relations between Early Writing Systems’ (CREWS) project, led by the Principal Investigator Dr Philippa Steele.

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    European Association of Archaeologists issues statement of concern on illicit objects in the licit market

    Dr Lynda Albertson of ARCA ('European Association of Archaeologists issues statement of concern on illicit objects in the licit market') reproduces a recent statement of concern of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) regarding an October 25, 2016 auction at Christie's New York previously reported on ARCA's blog on October 11, 2016 which includes an object traceable to the confiscated Robin Symes archive. Taking this as a starting point and with reference to the dealings of Medici, Becchina and Symes-Michaelides the Statement of the Committee on Illicit Trade in Cultural Materials to an Ongoing Auction at Christie’s makes a number of points in a way which suggests that patience is running out and the EAA has little hope that the antiquities market will regulate itself (see the discussion of the issue of making the polaroid archives available to dealers):
    The Roman marble figurine of a draped goddess, lot 92 in the forthcoming Christie's auction, is a typical example of an antiquity on offer: true commercial sources are hidden or not identified; we have an incomplete collecting history employing a chronological generalization ('prior to 1991') and the true country of origin - that is, the place from which the antiquity originally came/was discovered - is not identified. This analysis of the way in which this figurine is presented by the antiquities market encapsulates the state of the market and is a revelation of its deficient practices; this is the true value of this identification.
    The Committee on the Illicit Trade on Cultural Material highly deplores such sales and urges every auction house to accurately verify the origin of the objects on sale, and refuse objects with doubtful provenance. In accordance with our statutes, we report any illegal activity, or trade of potentially illegally-acquired material culture. Furthermore, we aim to contribute in any form to discourage commercialisation of archaeological material.
    As far as I know, the UK's CIfA has not yet got a 'Committee on the Illicit Trade on Cultural Material' and it is about time that it had.

    Bryn Mawr Classical Review

    2016.10.34: Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps. Volume 1, Eponyms A. Études alexandrines 33. AmphorAlex, 3

    Review of Gonca Cankardeş-Şenol, Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps. Volume 1, Eponyms A. Études alexandrines 33. AmphorAlex, 3. Alexandria: 2015. Pp. 608. €40.00. ISBN 9782111390225.

    2016.10.33: Apuleius and the Metamorphoses of Platonism. Nutrix, 10

    Review of Claudio Moreschini, Apuleius and the Metamorphoses of Platonism. Nutrix, 10. Turnhout: 2014. Pp. 420. €110.00. ISBN 9782503554709.

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Diventa pilota APR: corsi di formazione teorica e pratica sull’impiego di APR ad Ala Fissa e Multirotori

    Flytop S.p.A. è lieta di presentare la collaborazione con Drone Aviation Srls, Centro di Addestramento che ha ottenuto il riconoscimento da parte ENAC (CA APR 006) per la formazione teorica e pratica di piloti APR ad ala fissa e i multirotori, ed è per questo abilitato al rilascio di tre diverse tipologie di attestati:

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    Watch “Ask an Archaeologist”

    Corinth Excavations Director Guy D. R. Sanders and Assistant Director Ioulia Tzonou-Herbst answered questions submitted from viewers all over the world--live from the Corinth Museum.

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Nuovo laser scanner mobile a tecnologia SLAM

    Stencil è un laser scanner mobile di peso leggero che permette di integrare la mappatura e la posizione in tempo reale per ispettori di infrastrutture, personale di sicurezza, architetti, agricoltori, o chiunque abbia bisogno di un modo semplice per documentare il mondo 3D in modo rapido e affidabile. La tecnologia SLAM presente è stata integrata con un sensore LiDAR 3D e una IMU per fornire informazioni 6 DOF a 200 Hz generando mappe in tempo reale senza l'utilizzo di un GPS. Stencil può essere facilmente montato su un drone, su un veicolo, o portato comodamente a mano.

    Decima edizione di ArcheoVirtual alla XIX Borsa del Turismo Archeologico

    Archeovirtual è una grande mostra di Archeologia Virtuale che dal 2006 viene organizzata dal CNR ITABC a Paestum, nell’ambito della Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico (BMTA). Migliaia di visitatori ogni anno interagiscono con le tecnologie più innovative per fruire l'archeologia e conoscere la storia. Dal 2013 Archeovirtual fa parte dell’evento mondiale triennale DigitalHeritage International Congres. La decima edizione di ArcheoVirtual si focalizza sui visitatori, l’entertainment e le applicazioni virtuali sul paesaggio (“Users and Territories”) con una mostra di 4 giorni ed un workshop dedicato il 29 ottobre.

    American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

    66 Annual Reports Digitized and Available Online

    66 Annual Reports (1919-1985) were digitized and are available online

    Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

    'Art Patrons' Financing Weapons Smuggling to Libyan Islamists?

    Blood antiquities on international market?
    According to information published by the Italian newspaper La Stampa, an organized crime group related to the Italian mafia in the southern region of Calabria (the 'Ndrangheta network) together with the Neapolitan Camorra, are purchasing Kalashnikov guns, rocket propelled grenades as well as rocket launchers from Moldova and Ukraine. It seems that the weapons are smuggled under the umbrella of the Russian Mafia. The destination of these weapons include being sold to weapon-hungry jihadist groups. It is reported that a major destination of these black market weapons are ISIL-affiliated fighters, based in the city of Sirt, Libya. "Naples has been, for many years, a central logistics base for the Middle East. The Camorra is also active in the world of jihadist terrorism that passes through Naples," Franco Roberti, a prominent anti-mafia prosecutor, told The Daily Beast ('Italian mob sells weapons to ISIS in Libya' Al Arabiya English 17th Oct 2016).

    The Italian mafia has long been suspected of selling weapons to jihadist groups. A new detail in the La Stampa text is that allegedly, 'in exchange for weapons, the Italian mob obtains Greek and Roman antiquities that ISIL fighters stolen during their battles in Libya'
    A La Stampa reporter posing as a collector was taken to a salami factory in southern Italy where he was offered the marble head of Roman statue looted from Libya for €60,000. The reporter was also shown a photograph of a larger head of a looted Greek statue, on sale for €800,000. According to the report, antiquities are brought to the Calabrian port of Gioia Tauro by Chinese-operated cargo ships.
    The antiquities are said to be being sold 'to art patrons and connoisseurs (sic) from Asia and Russia' [...] 'the stolen treasures are [...] later auctioned to art collectors from China, Russia and Japan as well as the wealthy from Gulf countries'.

    I doubt that there really is an 'exchange' (in kind), rather the weapons are sold to jihadists or middlemen and the transport which brought them across international borders undetected is used to transfer another illicit cargo on the return journey. This is the way organized criminal groups profit from both legs of the journey - which does not mean that the so-called 'art patrons' who buy this stuff are not financing the activities of organized groups which are involved in the movement of other illicit items, such as drugs and black market weaponry.

    Donna Yates is maintaining scepticism. The dealers' lobbyists as usual  are steering clear of the topic so far.

    Domenico Quirico, 'Arte antica in cambio di armi, affari d’oro in Italia per l’asse fra Isis e ’ndrangheta' La Stampa 16th October 2016

    Tom Porter, 'Italian mafia sells Libyan antiquities looted by Islamic State Italian crime gangs reportedly exchanged the archaeological treasures for weapons'. International Business Times October 17, 2016

    Hannah McGivern, 'Italian mafia trading weapons for Libyan artefacts plundered by Isil?' Art Newspaper 17 October 2016

    Libyan Express, Agencies, 'Italian mafia is providing Libya’s IS with weapons in return of ancient artefacts', Monday 17 October 2016.

    Barbie Latza Nadeau, 'The Mafia Runs Guns for ISIS in Europe The mobsters have the weapons, and they’re making a killing selling them off to Islamic radicals ', The Daily Beast 24th March 2016.

    Barbie Latza Nadeau, 'Italian Mob Trades Weapons for Looted Art From ISIS in Libya Two Italian organized-crime rings are accused of trading in weapons with ISIS fighters for illegally pilfered artifacts from Libya', The Daily Beast 18th October 2016.

    Chris Jones in his 'Gates of Nineveh' blog gives an interesting breakdown of the story and is sceptical about some of the details (' The Mafia, Looted Antiquities, and the KGB' October 19, 2016 )

    Archaeology Magazine

    Engraved Stone May Have Been a Neolithic Map

    Denmark engraved stoneBORNHOLM, DENMARK—The Copenhagen Post reports that an engraved stone fragment discovered at the Neolithic site of Vasagård on the island of Bornhom could be a map. Archaeologist Flemming Kaul of the National Museum of Denmark said that other stones inscribed with lines and rectangles have been found at the site, and it had been thought that the markings depicted the sun and its rays. This partial stone is now thought to show the details of an area of the island as it appeared between 2700 and 2900 B.C. Some of the markings may even represent ears of corn or plants with leaves. “These are not accidental scratches,” he said. “We see the stones as types of maps showing different kinds of fields.” To read about another discovery in Denmark, go to “Bronze Age Bride.”

    Skara Brae Residents May Have Snacked on Rodents

    Orkney vole foodEDINBURGH, SCOTLAND—The Los Angeles Times reports that rodents may have been a source of food at Skara Brae, the Neolithic settlement on the Orkney Islands. Biologist Jeremy Herman of the National Museums of Scotland and his team evaluated some 60,000 small mammal bones collected from four trenches at the site in the 1970s. The scientists found that the number of wood mouse bones was equal in all four trenches, but one of the trenches had a greater number of bones from the Orkney vole than the others. And, since voles, which are slightly bigger than mice, are thought to usually stay away from people, the animals may have been brought to the area. Some of the bones also bear burn marks. “The way they are burnt it’s pretty clear that they were pretty much whole when they were stuck on the embers of a fire,” Herman said. “I haven’t tried it myself, but I imagine they got pretty crisp on the outside.” He thinks the small rodents may have served as a snack, a food for lean times, or something that children caught and roasted. To read in-depth about excavations on Orkney, go to “Neolithic Europe's Remote Heart.”

    Drones Used to Map the Plain of Jars in Laos

    drone Laos jarsCANBERRA, AUSTRALIA—The Canberra Times reports that CAVE2 technology, based at Monash University, has been used to map three excavation sites on the Plain of Jars, an archaeological site in a remote area of Laos with carved stone jars that stand nearly ten feet tall. Drones are being used to collect the footage for the project. The team of researchers will then create a 3-D replica of the excavations and the entire Plain of Jars landscape. “It hasn’t really been researched on this scale since the 1930s and what our project hopes to show is exactly what the jars were for, when they were produced, and who made them,” said Dougald O’Reilly of Australian National University. Information collected with ground-penetrating radar was fed into the CAVE2 system to create the underground view of the excavation area. O’Reilly also plans to evaluate the site with lidar technology, which can detect archaeological remains beneath heavy foliage, and add that information to the virtual 3-D reconstruction. For more, go to “Drones Enter the Archaeologist's Toolkit.”

    Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

    Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: October 19

    Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

    HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem quartum decimum Kalendas Novembres.

    MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Orestes and the Furies, and there are more images here.


    TINY MOTTOES: Today's tiny motto is: Virtute quies (English: By means of virtue, repose).

    3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word verb-less proverb is Musica donum dei (English: Music is a gift of God)

    AUDIO PROVERBS: Today's audio Latin proverb is Maximae divitiae non desiderare divitias (English: The greatest wealth is not to desire wealth). To read a brief essay about this proverb and to listen to the audio, visit the Latin Via Proverbs blog.

    PUBLILIUS SYRUS: Today's proverb from Publilius Syrus is: Sero in periclis est consilium quaerere. It is too late to seek advice in the midst of dangers (English: It is too late to seek advice in the midst of dangers).

    ERASMUS' ANIMALS: Today's animal proverb from Erasmus is Midas auriculas asini (English: Midas has the ears of a donkey; from Adagia 1.3.67... alluding to the story of Midas and his barber).

    BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Senex et Iuvenis. Click here for a full-sized view.

    And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:

    Nemo timendo ad summum pervenit locum.
    No one ever reached the top by being afraid.

    Patientia vincit omnia.
    Patience overcomes all things.


    FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Delphinus et Pisciculus, in which there is nothing nice about the dolphine (this fable has a vocabulary list).

    MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Ursus et Apes, a story about the dangers of having a bad temper.

    Ursus et Apes

    I keep forgetting to include this fun article that Kate Gladstone shared with me: The Strange Victorian Computer That Generated Latin Verse.

    And some of you might also recall a strange "device" for generating Latin verse that I shared here a few years ago: Steganometrographia.

    Archaeology Magazine

    German WWI Submarine Found Off the Coast of Scotland

    Scotland German submarineSTRANRAER, SCOTLAND—BBC News reports that a German U–boat dating to the First World War was discovered off the coast of Scotland by a team laying subsea power cables. The vessel is thought to be UB-85, one of two UBIII-Class submarines known to have been lost in the Irish Sea. After being picked up by HM Drifter Coreopsis, the captain and crew of UB-85 claimed to have done battle with a sea monster that damaged the vessel so badly that it could no longer submerge. But nautical archaeologist Innes McCartney says that when the British ship approached the submarine on the surface at night, the crew of the German vessel may have tried to submerge quickly, started taking on water, and had to resurface and surrender. Identifying the newly discovered wreck with confidence may be impossible, however, as the UBIII-Class submarines were all very similar. “Unless a diver can find a shipyard stamp, we cannot say definitively, but yes, we’re certainly closer to solving the so-called mystery of UB-85 and the reason behind its sinking—whether common mechanical failure or something that is less easily explained,” McCartney said. To read about attempts to identify another recently discovered shipwreck, go to “Is it Esmeralda?

    October 19, 2016

    ArcheoNet BE

    Lunula XXV: 25 jaar onderzoek van de metaaltijden in België

    lunula12De 25ste editie van Lunula, de archeologische contactdag over de metaaltijden in België en aangrenzende gebieden, zal op 17-18 februari 2017 plaatsvinden in Brussel. Omwille van het 25-jarig bestaan, wordt het geen traditionele contactdag met de klassieke lezingen over onderzoek in het afgelopen jaar. Met een internationaal colloquium wil men een bilan opmaken van ’25 jaar onderzoek van de metaaltijden in België’.

    Toch willen de organisatoren ook in 2017 de reeks ‘Lunula. Archaeologia protohistorica’ verderzetten met korte bijdragen over vondsten en onderzoek uit de jaren 2015-2016. Wie een bijdrage wil leveren voor volume XXV van ‘Lunula. Archaeologia protohistorica’, dient dit voor 18 november te melden aan prof. Jean Bourgeois (UGent). De teksten worden uiterlijk op 16 december verwacht.

    Ben Blackwell (Dunelm Road)

    Reading Romans in Context on Sale

    As a quick note… Right now our eBook Reading Romans in Context is 61% off:  This deal disappears end of day Oct. 21.Reading Romans in Context

    Jonathan Prag (I.Sicily)

    It’s all about collaboration

    The most frequently heard response to a description of the I.Sicily project, at least in Sicily, is ‘pazzesco!’ Anyone who sets out to develop full digital records of all the inscriptions of ancient Sicily (probably more than 4,000 texts) is clearly mad. Assessments of sanity aside, the reality is that the project is only viable as a collaborative undertaking. One of the merits of a digital platform is that it makes it much easier to enable multiple and collaborative authorship (and we are continually exploring the options for ensuring that every contributor gets maximum credit for their contribution). At the same time, the only way that we can fulfill our ambition of locating and undertaking autopsy on every inscription is by working with the museums and archaeological projects on the island who uncover and curate the inscribed objects in the first place. We very much hope that this work can in turn serve a valuable purpose for those who maintain these collections, since we can offer one route to cataloguing and recording a significant element in their collections, and in turn we offer the possibility of making the material more visible and accessible to a wider audience of both researchers and the general public. Lastly, much of this work can only be made possible through further technological developments, and we certainly do not want to reinvent the wheel (or a code library). Consequently we are always on the look out for similar (and different) projects where we have common aims and interests and can potentially share insights and techniques.

    In some of the future blogs we will discuss some of these various collaborations in more detail. For now here is a list of all the collaborations we have begun (and occasionally even completed), and the principal collaborators:


    • Museo Archeologico Regionale “Paolo Orsi”, Siracusa. The Paolo Orsi museum, which hosts a huge collection of material from eastern Sicily, was the first major museum to begin collaborating with us (the project began in 2012, and has been warmly supported by the successive directors of the museum, dott.sse Ciurcina, Basile, Lamagna, and Musumeci, and throughout by dott.ssa Angela Maria Manenti) and we have the permission of the Assessorato per i Beni Culturali di Sicilia to place images of the material online. We are currently working to catalogue the epigraphic collection of the museum, which has never been the object of a systematic study in the past. The material will all be included online in Sicily, but we also aim to produce a traditional published catalogue. To date we have recorded 400 texts; the final number is likely to be at least 600. A key part of the work is the separation and detailing of the larger (1000+) collection of material from the nearby catacombs.

    Museo Civico Castel Ursino, Catania


    • Museo Civico Castello Ursino, Catania. The civic museum of Catania (director dott.ssa Valentina Noto), which is housed in the city’s Norman castle, holds a substantial collection of c.500 inscriptions. It is an unusual collection, containing a large number of texts from Rome and also a significant number of 18th century fakes and copies, since a major part of the collection has its origins in the material collection by the Principe di Biscari in the later 18th We are collaborating with a CNR project (Epigrafi di Castello Ursino Museo, directed by dott.ssa Daria Spampinato) to build a digital catalogue of the material in the museum, but also with the Comune di Catania and the Liceo Artistico Statale “M.M. Lazzaro” to involve local school children in the recording of the material and in the development of an exhibition during 2017, as part of the Italian state’s ‘alternanza scuola-lavoro’ scheme. We signed a formal accord with the museum and the Assessorato di Catania (Prof. Orazio Licandro) in May 2016. Preliminary records have already been drawn up for 325 texts and the exhibition is in the planning stage.
    • Museo Regionale di Adrano (CT). During 2015 we collaborated with dott.ssa Merendino at the museum at Adrano (also housed in the town’s Normal castle) to restudy and catalogue the various inscriptions in the museum and from the immediate vicinity. This work will be included in I.Sicily as well as being published within the forthcoming catalogue of the museum in collaboration with dott.ssa G. Lamagna.

    The Hellenistic/Roman agora of Halaesa

    • Museo Archeologico “Giacomo Scibona”, Halaesa (Tusa, ME). Since 2014 (but associated work dates back to 2010) we have been collaborating with dott.ssa G. Tigano and dott. R. Burgio of the Messina Soprintendenza to develop a full catalogue of the c.60 inscriptions from this site on the north coast of the island. The work coincides with the redisplay of much of the epigraphic material and will result in an Italian catalogue of the material (in preparation) and the inclusion of the material in Sicily.

    Agrigento Museum, seen from across the ekklesiasterion


    • Museo Archeologico Regionale “Pietro Griffo”, Agrigento. During summer 2016 we have reached a formal agreement with the Agrigento museum (under the direction of dott.ssa G. Lamagna, with dott.ssa Guzzone) to work on a project of restudying the epigraphic material in the museum jointly with prof. Giulio Vallarino, of the Politecnico di Bari.
    • Inscriptiones Christianae Italiae: Siracusa. We are currently discussing a collaboration with the project of prof.ssa M. Sgarlata to catalogue fully the 1000+ inscriptions of the catacomb of San Giovanni in Siracusa within the ICI The role of I.Sicily will be to develop digital records for all these texts.
    • CVAST: we are in discussion with Prof. H. Maschner and Prof. D. Tanasi of the University of South Florida, to collaborate in their major project to laser scan collections in Sicily. We hope to work with this much larger project to explore the potential for the incorporation and exploitation of high resolution image and photogrammetric data in the digital study and publication of epigraphic texts.

    The Roman theatre of Catania

    • Soprintendenza per i beni culturali e archeologici di Catania: with the support of the Catania archaeological authorities (dott.ssa Branciforte; dott. Nicoletti) we have begun work to study epigraphic material recovered from the excavations of Roman Catania over the past decades.
    • Database of Archaeological Collections in Sicily: developed by Dr Michael Metcalfe, this database of the archaeological collections of Sicily has been incorporated into I.Sicily and provides the basis for our development of museum-based searching and cataloguing within the corpus. The database additionally enables us to provide reasonably up-to-date information on the current status and location of the individual collections and their accessibility.


    We look forward to expanding this list steadily in the coming months and years! If you would like to collaborate on either an institutional or individual level, please do get in touch.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Protokolle zur Bibel

    Protokolle zur Bibel
    ISSN: 1996-0042
    ISSN: 2412-2467
    „Protokolle zur Bibel“ ist eine bibelwissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift, die von der ArgeAss herausgegeben und zur Zeit von Dr. Agnethe Siquans, Dr. Veronika Burz-Tropper und Dr. Werner Urbanz betreut wird. Sie widmet sich in jedem Heft einem bestimmten thematischen Schwerpunkt. Dabei werden sowohl Forschungsüberblicke als auch neuere Forschungsergebnisse zu einzelnen biblischen Texten und Themen einer breiteren Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht. Die Autorinnen und Autoren bieten damit einerseits den Kolleginnen und Kollegen aus dem Bereich der Bibelwissenschaften die Möglichkeit einer Auseinandersetzung, andererseits wenden sie sich in verständlicher Sprache auch an all jene, die an einer näheren Beleuchtung eines bestimmten Themas interessiert sind.
    Wir danken dem Verlag Aleph-Omega sowie dem Verlag Österreichisches Katholisches Bibelwerk und allen Autorinnen und Autoren für die Zustimmung zur Veröffentlichung der Beiträge der Jahrgänge 1-23 auf dieser Website.


    Bd. 23, Nr. 1 (2014)

    Schwerpunktthema: Rezeption der Bibel III

    Bd. 23, Nr. 2 (2014)

    Schwerpunktthema: Was ist Weisheit?


    Bd. 22, Nr. 1 (2013)

    Schwerpunktthema: Rezeption der Bibel

    Bd. 22, Nr. 2 (2013)

    Schwerpunktthema: Rezeption der Bibel II


    Bd. 21, Nr. 1 (2012)

    Schwerpunktthema: Rein und unrein

    Bd. 21, Nr. 2 (2012)

    Schwerpunktthema: Rein und unrein II


    Bd. 20, Nr. 1 (2011)

    Schwerpunktthema: Hebräerbrief


    Bd. 19, Nr. 1 (2010)

    Schwerpunktthema: Gewalt in der Bibel II


    Bd. 18, Nr. 2 (2009)

    Schwerpunktthema: Gewalt in der Bibel I


    Bd. 17, Nr. 1 (2008)

    Schwerpunktthema: Josephus Flavius und seine Zeit I

    Bd. 17, Nr. 2 (2008)

    Schwerpunktthema: Josephus Flavius und seine Zeit II


    Bd. 15, Nr. 1 (2006)

    Schwerpunktthema: Erzähltextanalyse I

    Bd. 15, Nr. 2 (2006)

    Schwerpunktthema: Erzähltextanalyse II


    Bd. 14, Nr. 1 (2005)

    Professor Franz Hubmann zum 60. Geburtstag

    Bd. 14, Nr. 2 (2005)

    Schwerpunktthema: Feministische Exegese - Wege einer gender-fairen BIbelwissenschaft


    Bd. 13, Nr. 2 (2004)

    Schwerpunktthema: Bibel und Archäologie


    Bd. 12, Nr. 1 (2003)

    Schwerpunktthema: Fragen der Bibelübersetzung


    Bd. 11, Nr. 2 (2002)

    Bethsaida. Auf der Suche nach einer verlorenen Stadt


    Bd. 5, Nr. 1 (1996)

    Schwerpunktthema: Das Verhältnis von Altem und Neuem Testament I

    Bd. 5, Nr. 2 (1996)

    Schwerpunktthema: Das Verhältnis von Altem und Neuem Testament II


    Bd. 4, Nr. 1 (1995)

    Schwerpunktthema: Johannes der Täufer I

    Bd. 4, Nr. 2 (1995)

    Schwerpunktthema: Johannes der Täufer II


    Bd. 1, Nr. 1 (1992)

    Schwerpunktthema: Sozialgeschichtliche Aspekte zur Bibel

    Bd. 1, Nr. 2 (1992)

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Spectacular archaeological find in Denmark

    A mysterious stone found in a ditch on Bornholm by archaeology students during the summer has proven...

    Extensive heat treatment in Middle Stone Age silcrete tool production in South Africa

    Humans living in South Africa in the Middle Stone Age may have used advanced heating techniques to...

    Peter Konieczny and Sandra Sadowski (History of the Ancient World)

    Roman Shoe Hoard discovered at Hadrian’s Wall

    Archaeologists have revealed the discovery of hundreds of Roman shoes and other objects at Hadrian’s Wall.

    A pair of the Roman shoes discovered at Hadrian's Wall - photo courtesy the Vindolanda Trust

    A pair of the Roman shoes discovered at Hadrian’s Wall – photo courtesy the Vindolanda Trust

    1,800 years ago the Roman army built one of its smallest but most heavily defended forts at the site of Vindolanda, which is now a part of the Frontiers of The Roman Empire World Heritage Site. The small garrison of a few hundred soldiers and their families took shelter behind a series of large ditches and ramparts, while outside the walls a war was raging between the northern British Tribes and Roman forces. Once the war was over (c AD 212) the troops and their dependants pulled out of the fort, and anything that they could not carry with them on the march was tossed into the defensive ditches. The rubbish in the ditches was then quickly sealed when a new Roman town and fort was built at the site, preserving the rubbish in an oxygen free environment where the normal ravages of time, rust and decay, crawled to a halt.

    In 2016, the Vindolanda archaeologists excavated the ditch and discovered an incredible time capsule of life and conflict, and amongst the debris were dog and cat skeletons, pottery, leather and 421 Roman shoes. Visitors who were lucky enough to come to Vindolanda this summer watched in amazement as shoe after shoe was found in the ditch, each one a window into the life of type of person who might have once worn it. Baby boots, small children’s shoes, teenagers, ladies and men’s boots, bath clogs, both indoor and outdoor shoes. What has been uncovered conceivably represents more than one shoe for every person who lived inside the fort at Vindolanda at that time. Dr Andrew Birley, the Vindolanda Trust’s CEO and Director of excavations was thrilled with what he calls ‘an unbelievable and unparalleled demographic census of a community in conflict from two millennia away from today. The volume of footwear is fantastic as is its sheer diversity even for a site like Vindolanda which has produced more Roman shoes than any other place from the Roman Empire’.

    The shoe hoard also gives an indication of fashion and affluence of the occupants in AD 212 with some very stylish and well-made shoes, both adults and children’s, a fact which has captured the imagination of football fans with one child’s shoe in particular being likened to a modern Adidas Predator boot. Sonya Galloway, The Vindolanda Trusts Communication Manager noted that ‘the popularity of just one of the shoes has given great exposure to our collection here. It is one of the great assets of Vindolanda’s Designated collection that many of the artefacts are everyday items, things that we can directly connect with, it is the fact that they are so well preserved and almost 2000 years old which is simply extraordinary’.

    The shoes are now being conserved on site with a specifically re-adapted building to cope with the quantity of finds. The Trust’s Curator Barbara Birley noted ‘the volume of footwear has presented some challenges for our lab but with the help of dedicated volunteers we have created a specific space for the shoe conservation and the process is now well underway’ Barbara went on to say ‘The Vindolanda Trust is committed to the excavation, preservation and public display of its finds although each shoe costs between £80 and £100 to conserve. Finding so many shoes this year has resulted in significant additional costs for the laboratory’. In light of the cost associated with the shoe hoard the Trust has launched a fundraising campaign asking for support from the public to ‘conserve a shoe’. Dr Andrew Birley commented the Trust does not receive any external funding towards the excavation programme and we exist as a result of visitors to the site and through the support of our volunteers and Friends of Vindolanda. This year has been exceptional and we hope 421 generous people will come forward and donate £80 to help us specifically with the cost of conserving these shoes’. All those who conserve a shoe will receive a numbered Certificate of Conservation full details of how to conserve a shoe can be found on the Vindolanda website:

    The post Roman Shoe Hoard discovered at Hadrian’s Wall appeared first on History of the Ancient World.

    Antiquity Now

    Bon Appetit Wednesday! Roman Seafood Fricassee for National Seafood Month

    It’s that time of year again! Not Halloween, although we’re pretty excited about that too. It’s National Seafood Month! Check out our post from last year with all of our ancient seafood recipes and information about how seafood has sustained … Continue reading

    Larry Rothfield (The Punching Bag)

    Libya: Cultural Racketeering by the Actual Mafia and What it Tells Us about How It Should Be Fought

    Informative piece on Libya's struggle to protect its archaeological sites in the absence of a strong centralized government. Several points to note:

    • international trafficking of antiquities is, as Deborah Lehr and the Antiquities Coalition have emphasized, racketeering in which the smugglers are mafia-like organizations -- or in this instance, the actual Mafia!
    • high-end artifacts are being proffered, not just cheap pots.  It may well be the case that there are distinct smuggling channels, with the more violent ones operating at the higher end where the profit margin is the highest. This is at least a hypothesis to be tested.
    • Given the cost of weapons, and the apparently direct trade of weapons to terrorists in exchange for antiquities to the mafia, it makes sense for higher-end artifacts to be favored currency.
    • securing sites in the absence of central authority requires not SPI-style economic development projects aimed at gaining local buy-in, valuable as such projects are in peacetime situations in countries at peace, but rather the arming of local groups backed by rebel authorities.

    Archaeological News on Tumblr

    Wreck of German U-boat found off coast of Stranraer

    The wreck of a German U-boat that sank almost 100 years ago has been discovered by engineers laying...

    Centre for the Study of Christian Origins

    PT. 3: Paul Foster Discusses His Commentary on Colossians

    Processed with VSCO with e7 preset

    In part 3 of our interview, Professor Foster discusses how he dates Colossians along with looking at a major theme he sees throughout the letter.

    The Archaeology News Network

    Resilient 'risky-and-reliable' plant use strategy may have driven Neolithization in Jordan

    A resilient dietary strategy balancing reliable wetland plants and "riskier" seasonal grasses may have driven adoption of the sedentary lifestyle which later became typical of Neolithic humans, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Monica Ramsey from the University of Toronto, Canada, and colleagues. Resilient 'risky-and-reliable' plant use strategy may have driven Neolithization in...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Archivo de Prehistoria Levantina: Servicio de Investigación Prehistóricadel Museo de Prehistoria de Valencia

    Archivo de Prehistoria Levantina: Servicio de Investigación Prehistóricadel Museo de Prehistoria de Valencia
    ISSN: 0210-3230
    Revista del Museu de Prehistòria de València. Fundada en 1928 por D. Isidro Ballester Tormo como Anuario del Servicio de Investigación Prehistórica de la Diputación Provincial de Valencia.
    APL se intercambia con cualquier publicación dedicada a la Prehistoria, Arqueología en general y ciencias o disciplinas relacionadas (Etnología, Paleoantropología, Paleolingüística, Numismática, etc.), a fin de incrementar los fondos de la Biblioteca del Museu de Prehistòria de València.


    Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

    Skeleton Of Medieval Giantess Unearthed From Polish Cemetery

    The skeleton of a Polish giantess is helping archaeologists understand how Medieval cultures cared for people with disabilities and physical differences.

    Ancient Peoples

    Pipe, burnished red-slipped ceramic, 12 in (30.5 cm) longColima...

    Pipe, burnished red-slipped ceramic, 12 in (30.5 cm) long

    Colima culture, West Mexico, 200 B.C. - A.D. 500

    Source: LACMA

    The Archaeology News Network

    Monkeys are seen making stone flakes so humans are 'not unique' after all

    Researchers have observed wild-bearded capuchin monkeys in Brazil deliberately break stones, unintentionally creating flakes that share many of the characteristics of those produced by early Stone Age hominins. The difference is that the capuchins' flakes are not intentional tools for cutting and scraping, but seem to be the by-product of hammering or 'percussive behaviour' that the monkeys engage in to extract minerals or lichen from...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

    AIA Fieldnotes

    Gathered in Death: Archaeological and Ethnological Perspectives on Collective Burial and Social Organisation

    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Thursday, December 8, 2016 to Friday, December 9, 2016


    Aurore Schmitt
    Right Header: 
    Call for Papers: 
    Right Content: 

    Penn Museum Blog

    Worth the Wait – Michael Freeman

    Apollonia Pontica was a 7th century Greek colony dedicated to Apollo. The well-placed port town, located on the Black Sea coast of modern-day Bulgaria, would stand through Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman times until it was ultimately rechristened “Sozopol” during the Christian era, meaning “The City of Salvation” in Greek.

    The Milesians who laid the foundations of Sozopol did well to distance themselves from their motherland. Today, the city sits hundreds of miles from Athens, hours away from Istanbul, and on the complete opposite side of the country from the Bulgarian capital, Sofia. Still, the cool sea breezes and gorgeous beaches make Sozopol an attractive site for Eastern European tourists and archaeologists alike.

    The Black Sea laps at the Old Beach at Sozopol.The Black Sea laps at the Old Beach at Sozopol.

    Our daily schedule for the weeks of the dig at Apollonia Pontica: we would arrive at the site just after sunrise for a lecture on practical field skills. Then, we would work through the morning in our squares. By the early afternoon, we were basking by that same sea the Greek colonists had sailed almost 3,000 years ago, that same sea the old myths say Jason and Medea traversed when the world was still new.

    Still, it wasn’t quite a vacation. I had been told by my supervisors at the Apollonia Pontica site that the excitement of digging up our first-ever artifacts would be overwhelming, but that the novelty would wear off quickly. By the final week of our season in Bulgaria with the Balkan Heritage Foundation, and about 700 sherds of undecorated pottery later, I saw their point.

    Many of us had been working in the same 5 m x 5 m square of dirt for almost an entire month. It was estimated that we’d moved over 100 tons of dirt, and we had little to show for our efforts aside from a handful of special finds—mostly small pieces of metal, a couple of pieces of painted pottery, and a few shards of ancient glass. Our coastal, island site was certainly scenic, but this was little comfort to those of us who had dug from surface to bedrock without finding anything worth publishing.

    The site. Photo by Michael Freeman.View of the Black Sea from the site. Photo by Michael Freeman.

    We had four days left at the dig, the sun was the hottest it had been all season, and most of our square was busy sorting through non-diagnostic fragments of pottery. The tedium of that morning felt unbearable, and it seemed that our break couldn’t come fast enough.
    That was when we spotted it: an unusual surface, like a large, smooth, rounded rock. We continued to brush carefully around it, and as our curiosity grew we called our supervisor over for a look.

    “Well, team,” she said, “it looks like you’ve found the top of an intact human skull. Good job!  Section off a rectangular perimeter all around here,” she told us, gesturing, “and we might just find a full burial.”

    The Skull. Photo by Michael Freeman. The Skull. Photo by Michael Freeman.

    This is what we had been waiting for! Every student at the site had been hoping to find something comparable to an ancient interment, and we’d finally found one in our own square! Time was very limited at this point, so this grave became our focus for the remainder of the dig. By the end of that first day, we had made noticeable progress on the grave.

    The SkeletonThe skeleton begins to emerge. Photo by Michael Freeman.

    For those last few days of the season in Sozopol, our square had the attention of the entire team. Students would stop at our square whenever they happened to pass by, hoping to catch a look into the grave. The senior site supervisor, who usually spent the whole day filling out charts and paperwork, now paid us a visit every few minutes to check on our progress. The site’s osteologist, generally only ever found working in the lab, was now a bona fide member of our square.

    As a result of all of this attention, we got a surge of information about our find. The osteologist told us that the entombed person was a woman who died in her fifties and who likely walked with a limp due to an injury to her right knee. The supervisors, noting that the body was unadorned and the grave was without goods, reasoned that the burial belonged to the Christian era. And it was proudly announced that after years of looking, we’d finally uncovered evidence of a graveyard, which corroborated the location of a nearby Roman basilica.

    Thanks to some well-placed elbow grease, we were able to expose the full skeleton before the end of the final day of the season. It was photographed, drawn, and prepared for removal.

    The full skeleton. Photo by Michael Freeman.The full skeleton. Photo by Michael Freeman.

    Many students are never blessed with such an exciting archaeological encounter, and certainly not their first summer in the field. Our square’s team had dug through several tons of soil before being fortunate enough to make our find, but we all agreed that it was worth the wait.

    Our team. Photo by Michael Freeman.Our team. Photo by Michael Freeman.

    A New View of Laventille, Trinidad – Leniqueca Welcome

    With funding from the Penn Museum, this summer I was able to travel to Trinidad and Tobago, a twin island republic situated off the northeastern coast of Venezuela, to conduct anthropological pre-dissertation field research in an area popularly called Laventille. Laventille is now infamous among Trinbagonians as it has been labelled one of the country’s major “crime hotspots” as a result of the elevated number of murders that has occurred in the area since the beginning of the millennium. Laventille is frequently featured in the local media for its high murder rate, drug and gang activity, and other illicit occurrences. This representation of Laventille, however, is by no means new. The area has a longstanding history of marginalization in the national community, as it originally developed as an informal squatter community for freed slaves in the 1800s. Located on the island of Trinidad, at the periphery of the capital city, Port-of-Spain, Laventille provided an ideal location for those who could not afford crown land within the capital, and its hilly terrain, which impeded infrastructural development of the area, meant that it was neglected by the plantocracy, leaving it available to the once-enslaved. From its inception, the area was seen as depressed and a haven for “deviants”; by the 1860s Laventille was classified as overcrowded, unsanitary, and gained a reputation for criminal activity which persists in the contemporary moment.

    View of the Picton neighborhood in Laventille hills. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.View of the Picton neighborhood in Laventille hills. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.

    The current high level of crime occurring within Laventille is often analyzed in isolation and ahistorically creates an artificial boundary around Laventille where the occurrences within the Laventille community are presented as a “culture of poverty” problem, foreign to what is happening with governance throughout the rest of Trinidad and Tobago. My research takes a critical look at Laventille within the larger socio-political context and history of Trinidad and Tobago to look at alternative stories of Laventille, beyond simply a crime hotspot; I explore the stories residents tell of themselves and their surroundings. I also look at the structural problems which have led to the current criminal activity within the area and the material effects media representations of the area have had on residents’ daily lived experience and relationships with other citizens of Trinidad and Tobago.

    View of Port-of Spain, the capital city, from the Desperadoes amphitheater. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.View of Port-of Spain, the capital city, from the Desperadoes amphitheater. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.

    To begin to collect this research material, during my eight weeks in Trinidad this summer I carried out semi-formal interviews with residents of Laventille, formal interviews with urban planners who worked on redevelopment studies of the area, government ministers and leaders of NGOs active within the area. I also conducted archival research, collected local news stories and film footage relevant to Laventille, as well as photographed the area. Most days I would go to different parts of Laventille from 6am to 2pm when I was meeting with residents. I would meet with them wherever they chose which would usually be their home or workplace. I was accompanied throughout my visits to different neighborhoods within Laventille by a resident of that particular area with whom I made previous connection or with NGO workers. This guide helped to build trust with other residents especially with the sensitivity of the area. I was generally surprised with how willing people were to talk to me and share their life experiences. The Parliamentary Representatives for the area were also very accommodating and willing to talk about their political relationship with the residents of the area.

    Our Lady of Fatima Shrine. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.Our Lady of Fatima Shrine. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.
    Residents took me to different historical and cultural sites within Laventille such as the Our Lady of Fatima Shrine, Fort Picton, and the Desperadoes Pan Amphitheatre. One thing that was indisputable was the beauty of the views throughout all the communities within Laventille. As a national of Trinidad and Tobago, I had always heard of the spectacular views from the hills of Laventille, but I thought it was urban legend that at a certain point in the hills you could see all the way to the southern tip of the island. However, I learned this was an actual fact as I was able to experience the sight for myself.

    This summer’s field research overall was very successful as I was able to not only begin building a relationship with residents, government officials, and other professionals who will inform later research, but I was also able to begin building a deeper personal relationship with Laventille as a place which is essential for my ethnographic research.

    View towards the southern tip of the island of Trinidad from Laventille hills. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.View towards the southern tip of the island of Trinidad from Laventille hills. Photo by Leniqueca Welcome.

    Viewing Tihosuco – Kasey Diserens

    I have just completed my third field season in Tihosuco. My work is part of a larger community-based heritage preservation project run by the Penn Cultural Heritage Center, part of the Penn Museum. My study is one of ten(!) sub-projects, all related to the history and heritage of Tihosuco, and many are focused on learning more about the Caste War of Yucatan, alternatively known as the Maya Social War. This war was a highly successful indigenous rebellion fought from 1847 to about 1901. While much of what we do focuses on the history of the Caste War, we are also interested in learning more about the impact that it continues to have on those who live in Tihosuco today.

    My particular project focuses on the colonial era houses in the town. I am interested in how they were and are used, what people think about them, and how their preservation is being viewed and managed by various groups. The ‘past’ in Mexico has become increasingly politicized: both indigenous groups and government agencies are seeking control over archaeological sites, ruins, buildings, and other types of heritage because of their perception of having a very real economic value. Much of this stems from seeing the benefits of tourism and development that are happening around the country. In the Yucatan peninsula, the focus is on both cultural heritage and ecological resources, the sites that have both tend to be even more successful. Because of my research surrounding these opinions and questions about property and ownership of historic structures, I have spent a lot of time speaking to people about how they view the colonial houses, and how they view the town of Tihosuco overall. The way I went about asking these questions was different depending on who I was speaking to and what kinds of materials I was using to both prompt responses and display the answers.

    The result of asking the students in the museum what this house means to them, in both Maya and Spanish. Photo by Socorro Poot Dzib.The result of asking the students in the museum what this house means to them, in both Maya and Spanish. Photo by Socorro Poot Dzib.

    The most basic level of asking for views of Tihosuco was just that, asking. I conducted a series of interviews with the owners of the colonial houses. I asked questions about the history of the houses since the re-population of the town in the 1930s, I asked about changes that had been made to the structures over time, and I asked about what the owners thought was the relationship between the Caste War and the houses. The answers were surprising. I heard a great many stories about the houses being used during the war, but no true connection between the causes of the war (inequality in terms of wealth and power, economic struggles, enslavement of the indigenous populations) and the existence of the houses in the town. My work in the coming seasons will be to dive deeper into these connections, particularly focusing on how these symbols or remnants of the past are being used to further political agendas and how the concepts of power, property, and ownership have manifested themselves in the colonial houses.

    Kasey giving a talk to the students at the museum summer program about the colonial houses in Tihosuco, focusing on how to identify them and learn more about them. Photo by Socorro Poot Dzib.Kasey giving a talk to the students at the museum summer program about the colonial houses in Tihosuco, focusing on how to identify them and learn more about them. Photo by Socorro Poot Dzib.

    My second method of asking for views of Tihosuco was to ask children what their opinions were on the historic buildings of the town. I did this by holding a workshop in the museum with school-aged children that took place during their summer course. These were not formal interviews. They took the form of activities where I gave a brief talk on the various houses in Tihosuco, and then noted some of the characteristics that can be used to identify them. We then asked them, through an activity, to write down what they believed were the importance of some of these structures, why they mattered, and what they represent. We then asked them to draw what they saw as the most historic thing in Tihosuco. The answers were wonderful and varied, from the houses to machetes, from wells to the church, from trees to rocks. I hope in the future to use these drawings to create an exhibition for the town, and to further explore how the children in town see these structures that they live in and around.

    Community members and I putting up the exhibition of our work for the annual celebration of the anniversary of the start of the Caste War. Photo by Drew Leventhal.Community members and I putting up the exhibition of our work for the annual celebration of the anniversary of the start of the Caste War. Photo by Drew Leventhal.

    As part of a project being done by Drew Leventhal, we looked at yet another view of Tihosuco: the people themselves. Drew took portraits of people around the town, and we then interviewed them about the importance of the Caste War, and their views of Tihosuco. We included some of this text (transcribed, but in their own words) alongside the photos. This formed an exhibition of photos that was in the museum during the anniversary celebration of the Caste War, and will hopefully also be exhibited elsewhere in the future. This project, asking the people to tell us in their own words what the Caste War means to them, is yet another way in which we view Tihosuco and our work there. The inclusion of the text is a critical way in which we seek to change the narrative surrounding anthropological portraiture, making sure the voices of the subjects are heard.

    The team and I laying out some of the over 60 posters that we produced to determine which would go where, insuring a good mix of projects and people were represented in the different locations. Photo by Drew Leventhal.The team and I laying out some of the over 60 posters that we produced to determine which would go where, insuring a good mix of projects and people were represented in the different locations. Photo by Drew Leventhal.

    Every year, as part of a wrap up of our summer work, we create an exhibition of all of the sub-projects that goes on display in the central plaza in Tihosuco. This summer, we produced over 60 ‘lonas’ or banners that displayed photographs of our work over the course of the year. The lonas are a way in which we can switch the views of Tihosuco, so that the residents can see us and the work we do, not all of which is visible to the community on a daily basis. We show old pictures of people and places that we have collected and scanned, photos of the archaeological work, maps of the sites, the documentation process of the historic structures, oral history work, the work with the museum, and the Maya language revitalization projects. One of my favorite parts of the summer in Tihosuco is watching people interact with these banners, recognizing familiar faces and places.