Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

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March 19, 2019

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

From my diary

It is Saturday evening here.  I’m just starting to wind down, in preparation for Sunday and a complete day away from the computer, from all the chores and all my hobbies and interests.  I shall go and walk along the seafront instead, and rest and relax and recharge.

Sometimes it is very hard to do these things.  But this custom of always keeping Sunday free from everything has been a lifesaver over the last twenty years.  Most of my interests are quite compelling.  Without this boundary, I would have burned out.

Phase 2 of the QuickLatin conversion from VB6 to VB.Net is complete.  Phase 1 was the process of getting the code converted, so that it compiled.  With Phase 2, I now have some simple phrases being recognised correctly and all the obvious broken bits fixed.  The only exception to this is the copy protection, which I will leave until later.

Phase 3 now lies ahead.  This will consist of creating automated tests for all the combinations of test words and phrases that I have used in the past.  Code like QuickLatin has any number of special cases, which I have yet to exercise.  No doubt some will fail, and I will need to do some fixes.  But when this is done then the stability of the code will be much more certain.   But I am trying to resist the insidious temptation to rewrite bits of the code.  That isn’t the objective here.

I began to do a little of this testing over the last few hours.  Something that I missed is code coverage – a tool that tells me visually how much of the code is covered by the tests.  It’s an excellent way to spot edge-cases that you haven’t thought about.

It is quite revealing that Microsoft only include their coverage tool in the Enterprise, maximum-price editions of Visual Studio.  For Microsoft, plainly, it’s a luxury.  But to Java developers like myself, it’s something you use every day.

Of course I can’t afford the expensive corporate editions.  But I think there is a relatively cheap tool that I could use.  I will look.

Once the code is working, then I can set about adding the syntactical stuff that caused me to undertake this in the first place!  I have a small pile of grammars on the floor by my desk which have sat there for a fortnight!

I’m still thinking a bit about the ruins of the Roman fort which lies under the waves at Felixstowe in Suffolk.  This evening I found another article exists, estimating how far the coast extended and how big the fort was.[1]  It’s not online, but I think a nearby (25 miles away) university will have it.  I’ve sent them a message on twitter, and we’ll see.*

I’ve also continued to monitor archaeological feeds on twitter for items of interest.  I’m starting to build up quite a backlog of things to post about!  I’ll get to them sometime.

* They did not respond.

  1. [1]J. Hagar, “A new plan for Walton Castle Suffolk”, Archaeology Today vol 8.1 (1987), pp. 22-25.  It seems to be a popular publication, once known as Minerva, but there’s little enough in the literature that it’s worth tracking down.

From my diary

I’ve had rather a busy week, ending with a rather splendid college reunion.  But of course everything else has gone out of the window, and I also have rather a large sleep debt to pay off.

Today brings another chunk of translation of an early Latin Vita of St George.  Chapters 9 and 11 are in my inbox now.  The version is a very rough draft. The only difficulty is that the translator doesn’t read my emails with feedback, so makes the same mistakes every time.  This means that I shall have to correct and finish it myself.  I hope to do the job on these chunks this week.  The translation is going forward nicely, tho; some 8 chapters still to do.

Today also brought a welcome email from the Colchester and Ipswich Museum Service with unwelcome news.  In 1969 a team of divers surveyed the ruins of a Roman fort in the sea off Felixstowe, known locally as Walton Castle.  A report was filed with the museum, and was accessible a decade ago.  The email today tells me that they cannot locate it now.  I have written therefore to the sub-aqua club, who may have it in their files.  Another email went to the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology, who published the article mentioning the survey, to see if I can get in contact with the author in case he has a copy.  We tend to think of museums and archives as safe repositories.  But the truth is that history is vanishing before our eyes.  So it has always been.

Last week I was working industriously on the new QuickLatin.  This is going well, and crude errors are disappearing.  I must get a version released online, as a base version for further work.

My backlog of interesting topics to blog about continues to increase.  So much to do!

The Heroic Age


for the 14th session of the study group “Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages” / AG Spätantike und Frühmittelalter

together with the Römisch-Germanische Kommission
and the Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt a. M.

9-11 October 2019

at Frankfurt am Main


Value Concepts
Hoards in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages
– Practices, Contexts, Meanings –

Although late Roman and early medieval hoards often consist of extraordinary objects, the actual phenomenon itself has not recently been the focus of extensive discussion. Most continental research has focussed on findings attributed to armed conflicts or ritual
deposition. Waste or scrap, for example, have only seldom been the centre of debate. A
review of literature on prehistoric hoards shows that up to now the potential of their early
historic counterparts may have been underestimated. Moreover, the dichotomy between
religious and profane interpretations of hoards should be questioned.
Besides shedding light on fundamental questions concerning e.g. the character of depositions in „Christian times“, a general analysis of hoards can provide insights into ritual practices, value concepts and socio-economic change in various early historical societies. The material, object types and chronology of single artefacts within a deposition are thereby just as important for the interpretation as are its context, composition, and distribution of similar assemblages.
As a result of new findings, current research projects, but also in light of more recent
theoretical and methodological approaches, the source material and prerequisites for
interpretation have significantly expanded in recent years; the upcoming conference / workshop now offers the opportunity to examine either or both aspects anew.
The conference aims to establish new perspectives on old and new findings, and to give a platform for current research on depositions from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. In the light of recent theoretical and methodological developments, we will explore the source potential and interpretations of „hoards“, and facilitate a transfer of ideas.
In this year’s meeting of the AG Spätantike und Frühmittelalter, to be held from 9th to 11th October 2019 in Frankfurt am Main on the subject of „Value Concepts. Hoards in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages – Practices, Contexts, Meanings“, new research will be presented considering the following aspects:

• The variability of interpretations ranging from treasure to scrap, intentional offering
to random loss, cache to storage, means of payment to recycling material, offerings
for the dead to stolen goods, public pomp to private hiding place, remnants of political
alliances to investments in the future.
• Transformations of materiality and material values.
• Human-object relationships and the relationality of space and time.
• The transfer of meaning(s) and questioning thereof.
• Religious and socio-cultural ideas and practices.
• Regional distribution of hoards and cycles of depositions: synchronous and diachronic
• Potentials of new theoretical and methodological approaches.

We would be pleased if you could enrich our session with contributions from your work. The duration of the presentation should not exceed 20 minutes. Abstracts with a half-page written summary (300–500 words) should be submitted to until 30.07.2019.

Current Epigraphy

Three EpiDoc Epigraphy Jobs with the DHARMA Project

I see where Arlo Griffiths has just announced on the Markup list that the DHARMA Project is seeking to hire three collaborators as follows:

The post Three EpiDoc Epigraphy Jobs with the DHARMA Project appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Digital Corpus of Sanskrit (DCS)

Digital Corpus of Sanskrit (DCS)
The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit (DCS) is a corpus of Sanskrit texts with resolved Sandhis and full morphological and lexical analysis.
The DCS is designed for text-historical research in Sanskrit linguistics and philology. Users can search for lexical units (words) and their collocations in a corpus of about 4.000.000 manually tagged words in 560.000 sentences or text lines.
The DCS offers two main entry points for research:
  1. Words can be retrieved from the dictionary through a simple query or a dictionary page. For each lexical unit contained in the corpus, DCS provides the complete set of occurrences and a statistical evaluation based on historical principles.
  2. The text interface shows all contained texts along with their interlinear lexical and morphological analysis.
Version 2.0., June 2016 - Contact, copyright, disclaimer The DCS is hosted by the Cluster of Excellence Asia and Europe in a Global Context.

Sarah E. Bond

The Art of the Logographer: Ghostwriting from Antiquity to Trump

Many incorrectly imagine that the life of a Classicist involves a blind obsession with the particulars of the ancient Greek subjunctive or debates over the hexameters of Sulpicia. However, ancient historians who wish to access the everyday world of the past must also become astute ethnographers of the present. I spend most of my days giving words to the non-elites of antiquity, most of whom have few—if any—surviving words of their own. This preoccupation may be one reason why the memoirs, cookbooks, and self-help books of celebrities have become my favored literary genre as of late. The name on the front cover or the celebrity author attributed on the New York Times listing is not of immediate interest to me. I am far more intrigued by the often-anonymous ghostwriters paid to pen these glossy tomes.

s-l640Cover of Trump: The Art of the Deal, a 1987 book credited to Donald Trump and Tony Schwartz.

In 1987, Tony Schwartz infamously penned Donald Trump’s bestselling The Art of the Deal. Schwartz is one of the few ghostwriters known by name in the historical record, even if the art of ghostwriting has been practiced since antiquity.

In Classical Athens, the term λογογράφος, (from the ancient Greek for “word” and “writer”) was a newly derogatory title hurled at paid men who wrote speeches performed by other orators. These men had already been known within the court system for Athens, where there was an expectation that speakers deliver eloquent but spontaneous oratory. Speeches which conformed to the rules of the court were given from memory and without parchment or papyrus notes. When in doubt of their eloquence, it seems many men on trial turned to logographers to express their alleged emotions and pleas for them.

Famed ghostwriters were also known in the Roman world, though the practice appears deeply frowned upon within a culture wherein elite men were expected to write, to speak, and to inspire through their own words. The salacious (but delicious) Roman imperial biographer Suetonius remarks on a certain scholar named Lucius Aelius Stilo, who wrote speeches for late Republican orators in the first century BCE. In Cicero’s Brutus, a dialogue recounting the history of Roman oratory, Cicero even comments on earlier rumors questioning the authorship of speeches denouncing the Gracchan reforms at the end of the second century BCE.

cicero-writing-from-bl-harley-6349-f-2-be2306-1024Detail of historiated initial ‘E'(tsi) of Cicero writing at a desk. Image taken from BL Harley 6349, f. 2 of Rhetorica ad Herennium (index De ratione dicendi ad Herennium). Written in Latin.

Persuasion is and was a skill that every politician needed to acquire in ancient Rome, but as it turns out, certain types of verbal charisma can be purchased. Quintilian, a Roman rhetorician who wrote a handbook on oratory in the late first century CE, discusses the ghostwriting phenomenon in a section on the practice of literary imitation. In it, he calls out none other than Cicero for writing speeches given by the likes of Gnaeus Pompeius—otherwise known as Pompey.

“For there are many speeches composed by Greek and Latin orators for others to deliver, the words of which had to be adapted to suit the position and character of those for whom they were written. Do you suppose that Cicero thought in the same way or assumed the same character when he wrote for Gnaeus Pompeius and when he wrote for Titus Ampius and the rest?”

Many historians writing in antiquity commented upon the fact that famed writers and rhetoric teachers were occasionally hired to write the legal pleas given in a criminal or civil trial. While hired speechwriting in the political and legal spheres might seem de rigueur today, it appears to have been a source of shame in antiquity.     

The insinuation that a Roman elite used a ghostwriter was not isolated to senators, statesmen, and those on trial. It was said by Tacitus in his Annals that Nero’s poetic compositions were actually the product of collaborative literary dinner parties where much more talented poets joined in and improved the verses the emperor meant for posterity—sometimes with their own poetry brought to the table in lieu of a bottle of wine. We know that the Stoic philosopher Seneca, Nero’s tutor, wrote speeches for the adolescent Julio-Claudian and that those Romans who attended the emperor Claudius’ funeral snickered at the realization that his tutor had actually written the eulogy given. In the last hours before his suicide, Nero was rumored to have uttered, ‘Qualis artifex pereo’ (“What an artist perishes in me!”), but he was an artist dependent in part upon the artistry of others.

Today, ghostwriting is big business among celebrities, though the long-lasting stigma attached to the practice remains. There was the allegation that Carole Radziwill, a former journalist and daughter-in-law of Lee Radziwill, used a ghostwriter for her moving memoir, What Remains, and the contention that Real Housewife Teresa Giudice used a ghostwriter for her bestselling Italian cookbook allegedly filled with family recipes. Far fewer people indict public relations specialists for writing tweets, speeches, or statements for their clients, or chastise authors who benefitted from the practice like Tom Clancy or H.P. Lovecraft.

How then do we understand the millennia-long derision of ghostwriters for politicians? It perhaps comes down to the ways in which the public continues to expect and to redefine what the word “authenticity” means to us. Who has it and who does not is often gauged not by actions, but rather by their written words. As The New York Times pointed to in an article on the booming business of ghostwriting for everyday people, Americans are composing and finding meaning in and through words—digital or otherwise—more than they ever have before.

And we still expect politicians to be writers as well as orators; just one reason why both of the memoirs actually penned by the Obamas themselves have touched so many. Whether in ancient Rome or today, humans continue to view the act of writing as a window into and metric for an individual’s authentic self. This is perhaps why most Americans now reject The Art of the Deal, and look instead to Trump’s tweets for the true measure of the man in charge.

DMdUSd2UIAUruy5Roman fresco of hierogrammateus (“sacred scribe”) reading, Temple of Isis, north porch, Pompeii 1stC CE, Wall Painting (Image via Michel Lara). 



Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Deir el-Medina Database

[First posted in AWOL 2 Jyly 2012, updated 18 March 2019]

Deir el-Medina Database
Deir el-Medina is the modern name of an ancient Egyptian village situated on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor, the site of ancient Thebes. The village was inhabited by workmen who were responsible for the construction and decoration of the royal tombs from the New Kingdom. The exploration of Deir el-Medina has yielded a huge quantity of artefacts and texts written on ostraca or papyri, which offer a unique view into the daily life of an ancient Egyptian community. 

The Deir el-Medina Database is meant to be an intermediate presentation of the ongoing research project A Survey of the New Kingdom Non-literary Texts from Deir el-Medina of Leiden University. The database is a search tool enabling the user to retrieve the documents relevant to his/her research activities from the corpus of non-literary texts from Deir el-Medina.
4506 records
updated June 2018

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Maybe Rhizomes

I’ve been toiling away a bit at my paper for next month’s IEMA conference at the University of Buffalo. The paper is titled “Collaborative Digital Publishing in Archaeology,” and it is my first formal effort to articulate what I’m trying to do with The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota into academic terms. After all, I’ve sometimes said that The Digital Press is a laboratory press, but I’ve been less successful in stating what this laboratory is actually designed to develop, test, or produce.

A series of long walks and some serious stewing (and some reading, to be fair), led me back to a few things that I had read over the past year from which I could not shake free. I went back to my paper this weekend and started to play with the ideas that really inspired it (rather than what I think I was going to try to say). This is the new introduction (and the new conclusion):


Over the last two decades, there has been the growing use of the phrase ”digital workflow.” As you might expect, the Google ngram plot looks like the proverbial hockey stick. Workflow has its roots in the language of early 20th century scientific management, and the specific application to digital practices appears to have emerged at the turn of the 21st century in the field of publishing. In this context, the use of computer technology in the production of print media required a new way of organizing practice and spawned a series of “how to” style books. A similar response has occurred in the early 21st century with the spread of digital tools, technologies, and practices in archaeology, and, as a result, digital workflow has come to occupy a distinct place within archaeological methodology.

Today, I’d like to think a bit about workflow in the context of digital archaeology with special attention to archaeological publishing. The paper has two impetus. One is a passage from an article by Michael Given in which he applies Ivan Illich’s idea of conviviality to an understanding of the premodern agricultural landscape of Cyprus. Toward the end of the article, he suggested that a convivial approach between archaeological specialists from soil scientists to ceramicists, bioarchaeologists, architectural historians, and field archaeologists would produce a deeper understanding of the convivial landscape in which premodern Cypriots lived. My first reading of that passages was relatively uncharitable. To my mind, Illich’s notion of conviviality was anti-modern and attempting to reconcile this idea with the assembly line practice of archaeological work and specialization seemed as doomed to fail as the plantation style sugar works established by the Venetian colonizers on Cyprus’s south coast. If convivial relationships mapped the seamless sociability of premodern production, specialization and workflows created Frankenstein creatures which have the superficial appearance of reality, but are, in fact, mottled monsters of recombined fragments.

At the same time that I was thinking about Illich and Given, I read Anna Tsing’s work, The Mushroom at the End of the World and Deborah Cowen’s work on logistics, The Deadly Life of Logistics. Both books, in their own ways, describe the fluid of movement of people, things, and capital around the world. They explore the tension between the local and the global, places and movement, and the dividual and the individual. While Cowen’s work is, as the title suggests, practical and pessimistic in tone, Tsing’s work offers the rhizomic world of the matsutake mushroom holding for the “possibilities of life in capitalist ruins.” My paper today will swing back and forth between these two poles and offer both an angst-filled critique of archaeological practice and then some more optimistic reflections on why maybe Michael Given was right (and maybe I knew that all along) and convivial social practices in archaeology are possible, even in our digital age.


The Digital Press – and digital publishing practices in archaeology (and I’d propose in academia more broadly) – offers at least one way to think about the tension between the fragmenting of digital archaeological data and social practices at the core of knowledge making. The collaborative environment made possible by digital technology is not grounded simply in the relatively ease of using mainstream professional design tools, but in the transformation of archaeological workflow. Following the fragments of digital knowledge along the rhizomic streams connecting field practices to final publications disrupts some of the traditional forms of organization that define archaeological work. The ease with which objects, human remains, and even buildings can move through digital media demonstrates, at some level, how digital workflows can transform the social and disciplinary limits on archaeological practice. At the same time, the Digital Press offers a more convivial view of the future where archaeologists can unpack the black box of publishing and create a new, digitally mediated model for the production and dissemination of archaeological knowlege.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Teenage Priestess from the Bronze Age Was Probably No Globetrotter

Two Bronze Age women — one likely a teenage priestess — probably didn’t travel far and wide...

Nile shipwreck discovery proves Herodotus right – after 2,469 years

In the fifth century BC, the Greek historian Herodotus visited Egypt and wrote of unusual river...

Jim Davila (

Consent and agency in the Book of Esther

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Shayegan (ed.), Cyrus the Great: Life and Lore

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On the Machaerus excavation

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Purim in the Theodosian Code and the Crucifixion of Haman

With the Jewish holiday of Purim almost here, Dr. Henry Abramson wrote a very interesting article about Purim’s intersection with Christian and Roman history. Here’s an excerpt: An unusual bit of the Theodosian Code (16.8.18) is apparently the first non-Jewish source to document the phenomenon of Purim parties that get out of hand. Specifically, the law prohibited […]

Jim Davila (

On John the Baptist

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ArcheoNet BE

Het Romeins wegennet in Vlaanderen: Triharch lanceert oproep

Het project ‘Het Romeins wegennet in Vlaanderen’ was één van de negen voorstellen die eind vorig jaar gehonoreerd werden met een subsidie voor archeologisch syntheseonderzoek. Het onderzoeksteam van Triharch lanceert nu een oproep om vondsten van Romeinse wegen te melden.

De laatste echte synthese over over het Romeinse wegennet in Vlaanderen dateert van meer dan 60 jaar geleden. Sinds de introductie van de Malta-archeologie zijn er heel wat (delen van) wegen uit de Romeinse tijd opgegraven. Deze opgravingen vormen het vertrekpunt voor de nieuwe synthese. De opgravingsarchieven zijn echter de ‘ex situ’-neerslag van de toenmalige archeologische vaststellingen. In functie van de interpretatie van de vroegere opgravingsresultaten is inzicht in de ‘in situ’ context van Romeinse wegen echter zeer belangrijk.

Daarom deze oproep: indien je op een opgraving sporen van een Romeinse weg vast stelt, zou het fijn zijn als je dit zou melden via De onderzoekers nemen dan snel contact op om een plaatsbezoek te regelen.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.03.21: Prolegomena a Donato, “Commentum ad Andriam”. Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, 129

Review of Carmela Cioffi, Prolegomena a Donato, “Commentum ad Andriam”. Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, 129. Berlin; Boston: 2018. Pp. 435. €109,95. ISBN 9783110582802.

2019.03.20: The Construction of Time in Antiquity: Ritual, Art, and Identity

Review of Jonathan Ben-Dov, Lutz Doering, The Construction of Time in Antiquity: Ritual, Art, and Identity. Cambridge; New York: 2017. Pp. xii, 296. £75.00. ISBN 9781107108967.

Compitum - publications

A. Carlier et C. Guillot-Barbance (éd.), Latin tardif, français ancien. Continuités et ruptures


Anne Carlier et Céline Guillot-Barbance (éd.), Latin tardif, français ancien. Continuités et ruptures, Berlin, 2018.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 420
VI-422 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-048963-7
99,95 €

Even though a rich written tradition documents the evolution from Latin to French, the crucial transition from Late Latin to Old French in the oral language remains partially obscure. Thanks to a corpus-based approach and the collaboration of Latinists and French historians, this edited volume sheds a new light on this «missing link».


Lire la suite...

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

Archaeological Geneticists Call Jack The Ripper DNA Study 'Unpublishable Nonsense'

Study on DNA from a shawl purportedly belonging to a victim doesn't prove anything, geneticists say.

Archaeology Magazine

New Thoughts on Egtved Girl and Skrydstrup Woman

Denmark isotopes farmingAARHUS, DENMARK—Isotope geochemist Rasmus Andreasen of Aarhus University and his colleagues suggest that modern, strontium-rich agricultural lime may have contaminated the remains of the Egtved Girl and Skrydstrup Woman, according to a Live Science report. Previous analysis of isotopes obtained from the Bronze Age remains indicated that the Egtved Girl may have grown up in southern Germany, and traveled between Denmark and another location in the last years of her life, before she died in Denmark. Skrydstrup Woman was also thought to have arrived in Denmark as a teenager. But Andreasen grew concerned that the maps of strontium distributions on which these conclusions were based did not reflect conditions prior to the introduction of modern farming techniques. After adjusting for the presence of agricultural lime, Andreasen and his team members say the data suggests the women may have actually spent their lives within about six miles of where they were buried. The researchers behind the original studies are unconvinced, however. “Overall, there is nothing in the study from Aarhus which changes our interpretation: That the two women from the Bronze Age came from afar,” said Karin Frei, a professor of archaeometry at the National Museum of Denmark, and Robert Frei, a professor of geology and geochemistry at the University of Copenhagen. To read about the interpretation of the Egtved Girl's burial that included the Freis' conclusions, go to “Bronze Age Bride.”

March 18, 2019

ArcheoNet BE

Help, een schat in mijn hof: lezing over toevalsvondsten in Baasrode

Je bouwt, verbouwt, graaft, ploegt en plots stoot je op iets onverwachts: oude sporen of voorwerpen. Wat nu? Je komt er alles over te weten tijdens een lezing over ‘toevalsvondsten’ op dinsdag 26 maart in Baasrode (Dendermonde).

De lezing vindt plaats in het Hof van Peene, waar recent een toevalsvondst werd gedaan. Jan Moens, Geert Vynckier en Sofie Vanhoutte (Onroerend Erfgoed) grijpen dit voorbeeld aan om de vele facetten van zo’n toevalsvondst te belichten. Wat doe je met je vondst? Ben jij de eigenaar? Zijn er gevolgen voor je eigendom?

Natuurlijk mag je na afloop zelf een kijkje nemen op de site. Samen met een gids verken je de nog aanwezige archeologische resten.

Je vindt alle informatie over deze avond op Deelname is gratis.

Archaeology Magazine

Boat Described by Herodotus Discovered in Nile River

Herodotus sculptureOXFORD, ENGLAND—According to a report in The Guardian, a unique shipwreck has been discovered near the sunken port city of Thonis-Heracleion, which is located at the mouth of the Nile River. The vessel was constructed in a manner described by the fifth-century B.C. Greek historian Herodotus, who visited Egypt and observed the construction of an unusual trading vessel. Damian Robinson of Oxford University said the hull is the first such ship to be found. Known as a “baris,” the ship had a crescent-shaped hull made from thick planks connected with tenon-ribs fastened with pegs, rather than mortice-and-tenon joints. The archaeological evidence has helped scholars to understand the ancient text. “Herodotus describes the boats as having long internal ribs,” Robinson said. “Nobody really knew what that meant…. That structure’s never been seen archaeologically before. Then we discovered this form of construction on this particular boat and it absolutely is what Herodotus has been saying.” For more on Herodotus, go to “Did the 'Father of History' Get It Wrong?

Neanderthal Tool Workshop Unearthed in Poland

Poland Neanderthal FlintsSILESIA, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that a 60,000-year-old flint workshop has been discovered on a riverbank in southern Poland. Among some 17,000 pieces of flint, thought to have been worked by Neanderthals, Andrzej Wiśniewski of the University of Wrocław and his team were able to find areas where certain kinds of tools were crafted. In fact, the researchers were able to reconstruct the waste from the production of individual tools, and determine how they had been made. Wiśniewski also said the site is the first Neanderthal flint workshop to be found in Central Europe in the open air, rather than in a cave. “It appears that in this place a community was present over a longer period, as evidenced by the large number of discovered objects,” he explained. “In addition, there are also preserved remains of mammoth, rhinoceros, and horse bones.” Microscopic traces of meat were found on a few of the tools that remained in the workshop. The others were presumably carried to other sites for use. For more, go to “Neanderthal Tool Time.”

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Papyrologica Lupiensia

[First posted 1 October 2011, updated  18 March 2098]

Papyrologica Lupiensia
ISSN: 1591-2140
e-ISSN: 1591-2221
Papyrologica Lupiensia è una pubblicazione del Dipartimento di Filologia Classica e di Scienze Filosofiche dell'Università del Salento e del Centro Interdipartimentale di Studi Papirologici.
In questa rivista confluiscono i risultati delle ricerche promosse e sostenute dalla Cattedra di Papirologia e dall'insegnamento di Papirologia Ercolanese dell'Ateneo leccese.La rivista nasce nel 1991 ed ha periodicità annuale.

E' consultabile online a partire dal vol. 17/2008.

La versione elettronica è pubblicata dal Coordinamento SIBA dell'Università del Salento ed è accessibile all'indirizzo

n. 26 (2017)


Copertina Details     PDF


Frontespizio e pagine iniziali Details     PDF


Tebtynis e Roma: nuove scoperte e vecchie acquisizioni all'Istituto Nazionale di Archeologia e di Storia dell'Arte – Palazzo Venezia a Roma Details     PDF
Paola Boffula Alimeni 5-32

A proposito di una nuova edizione di BKT X 14 Details     PDF
Mario Capasso 33-40

La Biblioteca di Ercolano: cronologia, formazione, diffusione Details     PDF
Mario Capasso 41-68

La mort de l'esclave dans la documentation papyrologique et épigraphique grecque de l'Égypte romaine Details     PDF
Jean A. Straus 69-86

A crowning achievement Details     PDF
Angeliki Syrkou 87-118

Schede bibliografiche e recensioni Details     PDF


Palaeographia Papyrologica (XIV 2016) Details     PDF
Serena Ammirati 121-130

Papiri Greci da Tébtynis della Università di Padova, vol. I (P. tebt. Pad. 1-25), Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2015 (Fabiana Aprea) Details     PDF
A. Soldati 131-144

Libri ricevuti Details     PDF


Notiziario Details     PDF


Indice Details     PDF


Norme per i collaboratori Details     PDF


Colophon Details     PDF



ArcheoNet BE

Massageweld in het verre noorden. Caesars verovering van Noord-Gallië

Op donderdag 21 maart organiseert het Gallo-Romeins Museum in Tongeren de Spraakwater-lezing ‘Massageweld in het verre noorden. Caesars verovering van Noord-Gallië’. Gastspreker is prof. Nico Roymans (VU Amsterdam).

Rond 50 v.Chr. schrijft de Romeinse politicus en generaal Julius Caesar een verslag over de oorlogen die hij de jaren voordien heeft uitgevochten in Gallië. Zijn verslag, De Bello Gallico, is van onschatbare waarde. Het is de oudste historische bron die ons informeert over de samenlevingen aan de noordrand van Gallië net voor de inlijving in het Romeinse Rijk.

Geschreven door een ooggetuige levert Caesars relaas een vrij schokkend beeld van de militaire campagnes van het Romeinse leger, onder andere in het gebied van de Eburonen. Net in deze randzone van Gallië worden we geconfronteerd met buitensporig geweld dat nu en dan de vorm aanneemt van een heuse genocide. Maar moeten we Caesars verslaggeving over massageweld eigenlijk wel letterlijk nemen? Het is een vraag die historici al lang bezighoudt.

Archeologisch gezien leek de Romeinse verovering lange tijd ongrijpbaar. Archeologen mengden zich dan ook nauwelijks in het debat. Maar daar is sinds kort verandering in gekomen. Zo zijn de laatste decennia in België en Nederland heel wat opgravingen uitgevoerd, waaruit blijkt dat een groot deel van de regio rond het midden van de eerste eeuw v.Chr. ontvolkt raakte. Volgens Nico Roymans is de oorzaak niet ver te zoeken: Caesar kwam naar de Lage Landen en moordde de bevolking voor een groot deel uit, waarna de nederzettingen verlaten raakten. Een andere aanwijzing ziet hij in de vondst van vele hoogwaardige munten en muntschatten uit die tijd, meer dan waarschijnlijk verstopt door bewoners die bang waren voor de troepen van Caesar. De munten en muntschatten wijzen op zijn minst op een grote onrust in het gebied.

De lezing vindt plaats donderdag 21 maart om 20u00 in het auditorium van het museum. Meer info op

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

How to Make it Look that the 'Partners' Are Reporting Stuff

Just added to the PAS website:
Ceramics (including the Pottery Guide) Created on 15th March 2019 by Helen Geake
So perhaps now the Artefact Erosion Counter (currently focussed on metal items) should now estimate how many ceramic sherds and Ceramic Building Material fragments are being walked over on the many medieval and Roman sites exploited by artefact hunters in England and Wales and not picked up and reported. Many excavation archives of this sort of material can be measured in the hundreds of kilos. And how many kilos are represented by the nationwide-twenty-year public pickup that the PAS database represents?

Current Epigraphy

Dinamiche politiche e istituzionali nell’epigrafia delle Cicladi

Università degli Studi di Roma «Tor Vergata»

31.1 – 1.2 2019

Detailed programme can be found here: 2019 – Epigrammata 5

The post Dinamiche politiche e istituzionali nell’epigrafia delle Cicladi appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

Epigraphy and Literature (St Andrews, March 4, 2019)

Posted for Giuseppe Pezzini:

University of St Andrews – Sapienza Università di Roma

International workshop

Epigraphy and Literature in the Imperial Age, Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

(Monday 4 March 2019; St Mary’s College Hall, St Andrews)

Funded by the British Academy


Gianfranco Agosti (La Sapienza), Carlos Machado (St Andrews),
Giuseppe Pezzini (St Andrews)

For info and registration:

09.00 Welcome coffee

09.10 Introduction

09.20 Peter Krutschwitz (Reading), Decolonialising Roman Poetry: the example of Roman Germany

09.50 Giuseppe Pezzini (St Andrews), Literature and literacy in inscriptions from Roman Britain

10.10 Carlos Machado (St Andrews), Inscriptions and antiquarianism in late antique Rome

10.30 Discussion

10.50 Coffee break

11.15 Jason Moralee (Amherst, Mass.), Writing fiction from inscriptions: the legends of the Roman Martyrs

11.45 Jason König (St Andrews), Festival and spectacle inscriptions in imperial and late antique culture

12.05 Elisa Merisio (Sapienza),Local
poets and literary models in metrical inscriptions from the Phrygian Highlands: two case studies

12.25 Discussion

12.50 – 14.30 Lunch

14.30 Ida Toth (Oxford), Inscriptions
in Byzantine Patriographic Literature

15.00 Francesco Stella (Siena), Verse
inscriptions in Carolingian Monasteries

15.30 Andreas Rhoby (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften), Inscriptions
in Byzantine Historiography

16.00 Discussion

16.25 Coffee Break

16.45 Gianfranco Agosti (Sapienza), Paideia and Identity in Late Antique Verse Inscriptions

17.00-18.00 Round table (restricted to speakers for discussion on the structure of the resulting book)

Gianfranco Agosti and Silvia Orlandi (Sapienza), Chair

19.30 Conference Dinner

The post Epigraphy and Literature (St Andrews, March 4, 2019) appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

3rd North American Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (new deadline: April 15, 2019)

The Third North American Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy will be held January 5-7, 2020, in Washington, D.C., under the aegis of the American Society of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (ASGLE), and with support from Georgetown University.

The congress will be held immediately following the Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America and the Society for Classical Studies in Washington DC (January 2-5, 2020), and will include thematic panels on a variety of topics, a poster session, and possible excursions.  We invite papers that present epigraphy related to the ancient world from the archaic period through late antiquity. The theme is broadly designed to encompass discussions of texts and monuments as well as the people involved and the social environment behind the creation or display of inscriptions.

Panels may be devoted to some of the following themes: The epigraphic habit, inscribed instrumentum, late antiquity, monuments and identity, religion, magic, the ancient city, the family in antiquity, ancient graffiti, curse tablets, slavery, writer and audience, text and context, literacy, and newly discovered or edited texts.

The congress organizing committee is pleased to invite individual abstracts for the parallel sessions (for papers of 20 minutes) and for the poster session. Panels may be devoted to some of the following themes: the epigraphic habit, inscribed instrumenta, late antiquity, monuments and identity, religion, magic, the ancient city, the family in antiquity, ancient graffiti, curse tablets, slavery, writer and audience, text and context, literacy, and newly discovered or edited texts.

Abstracts: Abstracts of ca. 350-500 words, or no more than 1 page, should be submitted anonymously (i.e. without your name on the attachment) by email attachment in PDF or Word document form by April 15, 2019 to the congress email address at Abstracts will be reviewed by the members of the congress organizing committee and the results of the review process will be made known to potential participants after June 1, 2019.

The post 3rd North American Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (new deadline: April 15, 2019) appeared first on Current Epigraphy.

David Gill (Looting Matters)

Cadbury's, Treasure and Damage to the Archaeological Record

LM has consistently commented on the damage to the archaeological record sustained by unscientific digging. In the UK, and specifically in England and Wales, LM has discussed the damage sustained by (some) metal-detecting. I was asked by the editors of the Papers of the Institute of Archaeology to write a forum piece on the issue. Subsequent published research has considered the cases of the so-called Crosby Garrett helmet, and the Lenborough Hoard. I have been present at a meeting of the Cultural Property APPG and heard members from a major national museum refuting comments about the looting of archaeological sites in East Anglia. Contemporary concerns about looting have been raised in a review article for Antiquity. 

In this permissive culture there is little surprise that Cadbury's thought that it was acceptable to encourage individuals to go and dig up an archaeological site in order to find 'treasure'. The reaction from the archaeological community was resounding. People who would normally fail to hear the academic arguments were free to comment on social media.

The BBC ran a story, "Cadbury treasure hunt ad labelled 'stupid' by archaeologists" (17 March 2019), and now the Guardian has noted that the Cadbury's campaign has been suspended ("Cadbury pulls ad campaign that ‘advocates looting’", 18 March 2019). Minister Michael Ellis MP has even commented.

Historic England issued a statement to the Guardian:
Unfortunately Cadbury’s PR campaign encouraging digging for treasure potentially puts people at odds with the law. There are strict rules that protect England’s archaeological heritage, including laws governing metal detection.
Is it time for the DCMS to strengthen the protection of England's archaeological record?

Bookmark and Share so Your Real Friends Know that You Know

Antiquitas (Sciences de l'Antiquité à l'Université de Lorraine)

L’ascension des sénateurs D’Antioche de Pisidie

François Kirbihler, maître de conférence à l’Université de Lorraine (EA 1132 / HisCAnt-MA), donnera une conférence intitulée « L’ascension des sénateurs d’Antioche de Pisidie : les Sergii, de Tibère et l’apôtre Paul jusqu’au IIIe siècle ». La conférence aura lieu le mercredi 20 mars à 14h. à la maison de la recherche Germaine Tillion à Angers.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

BIBP: La Base d'Information Bibliographique en Patristique

 [First posted in AWOL 29 January 2014, updated 18 March 2019]

BIBP: La Base d'Information Bibliographique en Patristique
[English introduction]
La Base d'Information Bibliographique en Patristique est un système documentaire spécialisé en patristique. Même si la littérature patristique est son principal objet, la BIBP couvre l'ensemble des disciplines étudiant le christianisme patristique. La priorité est désormais donnée à l'information courante des revues scientifiques. 

Le présent site permet d'utiliser les services bibliographiques de la BIBP. Plus de 64 000 notices, issues de plus de 1 750 périodiques, peuvent actuellement être interrogées. L'interrogation en français permet d'accéder à l’information dans toutes les langues de publication. Chacune des langues peut cependant être interrogée directement. Les techniques d’indexation utilisées permettront éventuellement une interrogation universelle dans les principales langues d’indexation. Pour de plus amples renseignements, communiquez avec (Laboratoire BIBP, Faculté de théologie et de sciences religieuses, Université Laval. Québec. Qc. Canada. G1V 0A6).
La réalisation de la BIBP implique une normalisation technique de la nomenclature patristique. Les principaux index de la BIBP sont disponibles en version PDF :
Les services de la BIBP sont gratuits.
Toute collaboration est bienvenue. Une invitation particulière est faite aux auteurs pour l'analyse de leurs propres publications. Contactez le professeur René-Michel Roberge à l'adresse ci-haut mentionnée. 

Signaler une erreur ou un complément d’information sur une notice

Page modifiée le 19 février 2019

Mapping Mesopotamian Monument

[First posted in AWOL 4 Octoober 2014, updates 18 March 2019]

Mapping Mesopotamian Monument
Mapping Mesopotamian Monuments presents a topographical survey of the standing historical monuments and architecture in the region from Iraqi Kurdistan and Southeastern Anatolia (Turkey), to Southern Iraq. A work in progress, this monument survey covers all historical periods from ancient to modern. It includes ancient Mesopotamian rock reliefs carved into the cliff faces of the mountains, early Christian churches and monasteries, early Islamic, Ottoman and twentieth century architecture and monuments. This database of images invites you to explore the multiple layers of the rich historical landscape of Mesopotamia. Envisioned and directed by Professor Zainab Bahrani, the basis of the survey is an on-going field project that assesses the condition of monuments, maps their locations and records them with digital techniques in order to provide a record and to facilitate future preservation work across this region.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Novae VI en l’honneur de A. B. Biernacki

Klenina, E. ed.(2018): Novae. Studies and Materials VI. Sacrum et Profanum. Haec studia amici et collegae Andrei B. Biernacki septuagennio dicant Poznan. Ce volum en honneur aux 70 ans du chercheur polonais A. B. Biernacki qui a fouillé à Chersonèse et … Lire la suite

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Continuity and Discontinuity: Rome and Greece

This weekend I read a couple of cool recent articles on Roman Greece: Anna Kouremenos “Ρωμαιοκρατια ≠ Roman Occupation: (Mis)perceptions of the Roman Period in Greece” in Greece and Rome 66.1 (2019) and Sarah James’s “The South Stoa at Corinth: New Evidence and Interpretations” in Hesperia 88.1 (2019).

Kouremenos’s article looks at how museums, in particular, depict the Romaiokratia or the Roman period in Greece and suggests that not only does this run counter to prevailing scholt early attitudes toward the Roman period in the East (and Greece), but it reflects an approach deeply rooted in the Greek national narrative that understands it as yet another imposed discontinuity between the modern and the Classical era. James’s article is more technical and presents the results of her excavations in 2015 beneath a Roman period mosaic floor at the South Stoa at Corinth. These excavations produce more evidence for the dating of the South Stoa as well as the phases of activity in this area more broadly.

The issue of continuity and discontinuity remains a topic of fascination for archaeologists and historians alike. The notion that the Roman period, in some way, marks a break in continuity in Greek history has deep roots in both national narratives of Greek history as well as archaeological narratives that sought to distinguish the Greek from the Roman and inscribe value judgements on the two periods.

Kouremenos’s article demonstrates how this discontinuity has shaped national narratives (and vice versa) where continuity with a pre-national past serves to define the character and potential of the national community. James’s article offers a more detailed and site specific approach. She notes that the Roman period mosaic far from destroying or producing discontinuity with the Greek past of the South Stoa, actually preserved Greek levels beneath it. At the same time, the construction of the South Stoa and the careful layering of floor packing and subfloor preserved evidence for earlier, pre-South Stoa, activity at the site. More than that, James suggested an alternate explanation for what appeared to have been evidence for the burning of the South Stoa during the Roman sack of the city in 146. The blackened roof tiles might have been caused by their proximity to iron nails and water in post-depositional contexts rather than the destructive fire caused by the Romans. 

To be clear, the goal of James’s article was not to argue for continuity or discontinuity on a grand scale but to provide a nuanced analysis of the history of a well-known building using new evidence. At the same time, her work offers a compelling way to think about the interplay between archaeological evidence and historical arguments. The persistence of aspects of the Greek phases of the stoa into the Roman period and the interplay between the Roman mosaic floor’s preservation and the earlier levels beneath are reminiscent of Shannon Lee Dawdy’s interpretation of the relationship between the destroyed and buried “House of the Rising Sun” hotel in New Orleans and a later parking lot. The sinking and relatively uncompacted levels of the destroyed 19th century hotel caused drainage and subsidence problems with the 20th century parking lot. The parking lot and its infamous predecessor might appear offer a model of discontinuity in site function and significance, but the former continued to exert its influence over the latter. In the same way, the interplay between the Roman mosaic floor and earlier construction phases in the South Stoa effectively made the Greek period visible and made possible arguments for continuity between the Greek present and pre-Roman periods. In other words, the Roman past whatever discontinuity it provides narrative of Greek identity plays a key role in this case in allowing those arguments to occur.

Assemblages, broadly construed, do strange things with time. They make both discontinuity and continuity visible and possible. While we tend to define assemblages in archaeology according to depositional context, it is clear at sites like the South Stoa that the sequence and character of deposition is deeply embedded within earlier and later activities at the site. The residual character of earlier period material in the South Stoa assemblages and the role of later periods including the early 20th-century valuation of a Roman mosaic produced conditions in which arguments for time are possible. Whatever distain exists for the Roman period material in the popular Greek imagination, this material often preserves traces of earlier periods. The chronological continuity of archaeological and depositional time (exemplified by the clunky utility of the Harris Matrix) complicates and provides a foundation for cultural arguments for discontinuity. 

Jim Davila (

Talmudic-era wine press and mosaic excavated at Korazim

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Review of Stone, Secret Groups in Ancient Judaism

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The Golden Gate of the Temple Mount

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Free articles from AJS Review

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Science Fiction and Prophecy

Having written about science fiction as prophecy here not long ago, I was struck by a recent article in the New York Times by Namwali Serpell. Here is one briefer and one longer excerpt: Maybe because we’re living in a dystopia, it feels as if we’ve become obsessed with prophecy of late. Protest signs at the […]

Blogging Pompeii

Herculaneum Society scholarships

The Herculaneum Society is pleased to announce two scholarships of £1500 for registered postgraduate or postdoctoral students working on topics related to Herculaneum. One award will be for papyrology while the other can be on any topic. Deadline 23 April 2019; more details at .

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2019.03.19: Parody, Politics and the Populace in Greek Old Comedy

Review of Donald Sells, Parody, Politics and the Populace in Greek Old Comedy. London; New York: 2018. Pp. ix, 291. €76,50. ISBN 9781350060517.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

The Bedale Hoard Animation Project

"What ho chaps, I wonder how this lot got there?"
As part of York Museums Trust’s Genesis project a group of young people aged from 14-16 created an animated video on the story of the Bedale Hoard at the Yorkshire Museum. 

 Published on You Tube by YorkMuseumsTrust Published on 9 Jun 2015

 A very good example of the type of empty speculative narrativisation that accompanies a metal detectorist's isolated find of a hoard. "Advancing understanding" or storytelling? How can we go beyond typology to context in situations like this?  I do not think we can. What is significant is that the archaeologists are not going to be able to come up with a story any more reliable than the speculations of these kids.

Seven years on, the Hoard has still not been properly published.

Compitum - publications

K. Brodersen et B. Zimmermann (dir.), Kleines Lexikon historischer Personen der römischen ...


Kai Brodersen et Bernhard Zimmermann (dir.), Kleines Lexikon historischer Personen der römischen Antike Basisbibliothek Antike, Stuttgart, 2016.

Éditeur : JB Metzler Verlag
160 pages
ISBN : 978-3-476-02708-5
17 €

Marcus Antonius, Augustus, Arminius – die Politiker und Heerführer, Konsuln und Kaiser, die legendären Könige und die großen Familien Roms werden in diesem kleinen Lexikon in knappen und zuverlässigen Artikeln beschrieben, dazu die wichtigsten Persönlichkeiten der Goten, Kelten und Germanen. Bei jedem Stichwort ist die Betonung des Namens angegeben.


Source : JB Verlag

Compitum - événements (tous types)

Journée d'étude sur les dieux et les hommes dans l'Antiquité

Titre: Journée d'étude sur les dieux et les hommes dans l'Antiquité
Lieu: Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour / Pau
Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
Date: 09.04.2019 - 10.04.2019
Heure: 10.00 h - 12.00 h

Information signalée par Johana Augier

Journée d'étude sur les dieux et les hommes dans l'Antiquité

Pau, 9-10 avril 2019


8h45: Accueil des participants
9h: Ouverture du colloque par les organisatrices, Johana Augier et Julie Gallego, et Éric Rottier (Proviseur du lycée Louis Barthou)
9h15: Allocutions de François Bayrou (maire de Pau) et d'Olivier Massé (IPR Lettres Classiques)
9h30: Luz Villafranca Aitor (Univ. Autónoma de Madrid), « La religion comme source de légitimité de la royauté macédonienne »
10h: Roques Lisa (Univ. Bordeaux, Ausonius), « Quand les dieux font la politique des hommes : la Ktisis d'Ion de Cios »
10h30: Negovanovic Catherine (Univ. Metz, Écritures), « La lettre de Pline le Jeune sur les chrétiens de Bithynie : le christianisme, une antilogie de la romanité ? »
11h15: Cuche Vincent (Univ. Nice, CEPAM), « Usage et mésusage de l'argent des dieux en Grèce ancienne »
11h45: Schenck-David Jean-Luc (Musée archéologique départemental de Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges), « Des hommes et leurs dieux dans une cité de l'Empire romain : modalités d'un contrat »
12h15: Déjeuner
14h15: Germain Cédric (Univ. Potiers, FORELLIS), « Socrate, Trygée, Pisthétairos : la remise en cause des dieux dans les comédies d'Aristophane »
14h45: Coudin Fabienne (collège Jeanne d'Albret, Pau), « Religion et édification du citoyen à Sparte à l'époque archaïque »
15h30: Benchikh-Lehocine Halima (ENS Lyon, UMR 5189, HiSoMA/ED3LA), « Hybris, théomachie, impiété : quand les hommes défient les dieux »
16h: Bresson Adrien (lycée international de Londres), « Le mythe de la gigantomachie dans le monde romain tardif : les dieux à l'image des hommes ? »
9h: Mansour Karim (Lycée L. Barthou, Pau), « Langue des dieux, langues des hommes et langue poétique dans les logoi ethnographiques d'Hérodote »
9h30: Augier Johana (Lycée L. Barthou, Pau / UPPA, ALTER), « Les dieux sont-ils morts dans le Satiricon ? "Démonisme" et personnages romanesques »
10h: Duarte Pedro (Aix-Marseille Univ. MMSH), « Quelle place pour la divinité dans l'encyclopédisme romain ? Le témoignage de Pline l'Ancien »
10h45: Marein Marie-Françoise (UPPA, ALTER), « Pythie et présences divines dans le roman grec à travers les Éthiopiques d'Héliodore »
11h15: Gallego Julie (UPPA, ALTER), « "Les divinités ont l'éternité devant elles pour être satisfaites": des hommes marionnettes des dieux et des dieux marionnettes des hommes dans Alix Senator ?

Lieu de la manifestation : UPPA / PAU
Organisation : J. AUGIER et J. GALLEGO
Contact : johana.augier[at] ; julie.gallego[at]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Sotheby's Advert

I hate those pop-up antiquities sale adverts I keep getting while trying to keep up with the latest celebrity chat or whippet-racing news. This one annoyed me, and should annoy you too, more knocked off 'Face from the Past' Buddha Heads.... and now look closely. 

The quality of teaching in public schools in the UK must be even worse than we thought.

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Δεν χρειαζόμασταν διάλογο - τότε είχαμε πρόσωπα. Συναισθήματα, εκφράσεις προσώπου και ... δόντια στην αρχαία ελληνική τέχνη

March 18, 2019 18.00 - LECTURE Ιωάννης Μυλωνόπουλος, Αναπληρωτής καθηγητής Κλασικής Αρχαιολογίας και Ιστορίας στο Πανεπιστήμιο Columbia, Νέα Υόρκη

Building Accounts and Building Programme of Epidauros

March 18, 2019 19.00 - LECTURE Sebastian Prignitz

March 17, 2019

Calenda: Histoire romaine

Tradition et transmission dans l’Antiquité : réflexions interdisciplinaires

Les notions de tradition et de transmission sont indissociables l’une de l’autre. La tradition, définie comme le contenu culturel du passé, est transmise par la parole, l’écrit ou encore l’exemple, et perdure sur des générations. Les études récentes mettent en lumière son rôle constructiviste, en tant que nouveau processus culturel fondé sur un ensemble d’éléments du passé, qu’ils soient réels ou imaginaires. Ce processus d’élaboration, loin d’être passif, est dynamique et volontaire, et implique des choix qui sont liés à la construction de la mémoire et de l’identité des groupes et des communautés. Ce sont ces principes créatifs que nous souhaitons mettre au centre de ce colloque. Nous analyserons pour cela les supports, les agents ainsi que les contextes et circonstances de l’élaboration et de la transmission de la tradition. Les principales questions abordées seront l’identité et le statut de ses acteurs, les stratégies adoptées ainsi que les effets sur la construction d’une société à une époque donnée.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

What do they Put on the Soil in Washington DC?

Acid fertilisers here? 
One born every minute. How many times do we have to hear this "Rescue" argument from collectors? If they are not "rescuing" looted artefacts from ISIL, its modern farming and its chemicals:
Peter Tompa @Aurelius161180 14h14 hours ago Acidic fertilizers are slowly destroying coins buried in the ground so perhaps metal detecting should be viewed as salvage archaeology.
Do they have biology in US schools? The optimal pH range for the growth of most modern crop plants in the temperate zone is between 5.5 and 7.0. I am not sure what crop yield Mr Tompa thinks any farmers would expect irresponsibly placing their soil parameters much beyond that by deliberately adding acid to the soil to reduce their pH lower than they naturally are. In fact the pH of rainfall in Washington DC is currently around 4.8 to 4.9 so deliberately adding extra acid to the soil, especially in the region where he lives, would not really help feed America. 

Perhaps Mr Tompa needs to do some reading on soil science (and corrosion mechanisms) and get out and talk to local farmers about the costs of those artificial fertilisers, how they are applied to get maximum effect and lead to beneficial, rather than damaging consequences. If copper (a toxic metal) is getting into the soil water through 'acidity', that means other metals will be too, if that is the case, then that alone is cause for much more concern than whether a few coins are still in collectable condition when dug up by artefact hunters. Heavy metals in US kids' hamburgers are no laughing matter.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: NeHeT: Revue numérique d'Égyptologie

[First posted in AWOL 5 February 2015, updated 17 March 2019]

NeHeT: Revue numérique d'Égyptologie
ISSN: 2429-2702 
NeHeT est une revue éditée conjointement par le Centre de Recherches Égyptologiques de la Sorbonne (Université Paris-Sorbonne – Paris IV ; équipe « Mondes Pharaoniques » de l’UMR 8167 Orient & Méditerranée) et le Centre de Recherches en Archéologie et Patrimoine de l’Université libre de Bruxelles. Elle est destinée à un lectorat constitué de chercheurs et d’érudits s’intéressant à l’histoire de l’Égypte et du Soudan, de la préhistoire à l’époque byzantine. Son format numérique, en libre accès, a été choisi afin de permettre une diffusion large et rapide des travaux égyptologiques. 

La revue a deux livraisons annuelles qui peuvent être soit des recueils d’articles sur des sujets variés, soit des numéros thématiques - publications d’actes de colloques, de journées d’études ou dossiers portant sur une problématique prédéfinie. 

Les éditeurs de la revue L. Bavay, N. Favry, Cl. Somaglino et P. Tallet

The Khetem of Tjaru: New Evidence.

Une nouvelle statue du fils royal et grand des voyants Ahmès
9 - 25

Note sur la tablette MacGregor

Une mention d'Iry-Hor dans le sud du désert Oriental
31 – 36

Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron (Tulliana News)

SIAC Newsletter 173 (4/2019)

Les noms des membres de la SIAC sont en gras. – I nomi dei membri della SIAC sono in grassetto. – Names of SIAC members are written with bold characters.



  • Adema, Suzanne & Lidewij van Gils, Epistularum genera multa. A Linguistic Approach to an Instructional Use of Text Types in the Epistolary Genre, “Les Etudes Classiques”, 85, 2, 2017. LINK
  • Bishop, Caroline, Cicero, Greek Learning, and the Making of a Roman Classic, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2019. LINK
  • Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019. LINK
  • Casamento, Alfredo, La spada di Tuberone. Una citazione della pro Ligario nell’Institutio oratoria di Quintiliano, in F. Berardi & L. Bravi & L. Calboli Montefusco (a cura di), Sermo varius et accommodatus. Scritti per Maria Silvana Celentano, Perugia, Pliniana, 2018, 23-30. LINK
  • Le Guennec, Marie-Adeline, rev. of Giovanna Galimberti Biffino & Ermanno Malaspina & Gregor Vogt-Spira (eds.), Was ist ein amicus? Überlegungen zu Konzept und praxis der amicitia bei Cicero / Che cosa è un amico? Riflessioni sugli aspetti teorici e pratici dell’amicitia in Cicerone, Torino, Università di Torino, 2017, “Bryn Mawr Classical Review”, 2019.01.56. LINK
  • Leorza, María José, Contra “El Tirano” y “a favor del tiranicida”. Paideía retórica y acción política en Cicerón, “De rebus antiquis”, 7, 2017, 35-68. LINK
  • Lévy, Carlos, Da eloquência à filosofia: a evolução semântica de fides, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 111-125. LINK
  • Lima, Sidney Calheiros De, Cícero em Atenas: a Academia em cena no livro V do De finibus bonorum et malorum, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 55-92. LINK
  • López Pérez, Mercedes, Fulvia Flacca Bambalia, la primera mujer al servicio del poder en Roma, o la creación de un personaje literario, in Gonzalo Bravo & Sabino Perea Yébenes & Fernando Fernández Palacios (ed.), Mujer y Poder en la Antigua Roma, Madrid & Salamanca, Signifer libros, 2018, 85-101. LINK
  • Malaspina, Ermanno, A tradição manuscrita do Lucullllus de Cícero: do corpus Leidense a William de Malmesbury e à fortuna no período humanístico, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 19-53. LINK
  • Mantovani, Dario, Les Juristes écrivains de la Rome antique. Les œuvres des juristes comme littérature, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2018. LIEN
  • Manuwald, Gesine, Reviving Cicero in drama: from the ancient world to the modern stage, London & New York, I.B. Tauris, 2018. LINK
  • Manuwald, Gesine, ‘Political Intratextuality’ with regard to Cicero’s Speeches, in Stephen Harrison & Stavros Frangoulidis & Theodore D. Papanghelis (eds.), Intratextuality and Latin Literature, Berlin & Boston, De Gruyter, 2018, 409-21. LINK
  • McConnell, Sean, Why is Latin spectrum a bad translation of Epicurus’ ΕΙΔΩΛΟΝ? Cicero and Cassius on a point of philosophical translation, “Mnemosyne”, 72, 1, 2019, 154-162. LINK
  • Mikulová, Jana, Direct speech and diversity of voices in selected letters of Cicero to Atticus I (direct speech), “Studia Linguistica Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis”, 135, 2018, 201-209. LINK
  • Montone, Francesco, rev. of Fausto Giumetti, Per advocatum defenditur. Profili ricostruttivi dello status dell’avvocatura in Roma antica, Napoli, Jovene Editore, 2017, “Bryn Mawr Classical Review”, 2019.01.57. LINK
  • Morganti, Bianca Fanelli, A leitura petrarquista do Pro Archia de Cícero e a defesa da poesia, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 151-179. LINK
  • Polleichtner, Wolfgang , rev. of Gernot Michael Müller & Fosca Mariani Zini (Hrsg.), Philosophie in Rom – Römische Philosophie? kultur-, literatur- und philosophiegeschichtliche Perspektiven, Berlin & Boston, De Gruyter, 2018, “Bryn Mawr Classical Review”, 2019.01.29. LINK
  • Robert, Jean-Noël, L’Agonie d’une République. La violence à Rome au temps de César, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2019. LIEN
  • Roberts Ogle, Veronica, Therapeutic Deception: Cicero and Augustine on the Myth of Philosophic Happiness, “Augustinian Studies”, 50, 1, 2019, 13-42. LINK
  • Rosenblitt, J. Alison, Rome after Sulla, London & Oxford, Bloomsbury, 2019. LINK
  • Sartorelli, Elaine Cristine, Erasmo e os ciceronianos, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 181-227. LINK
  • Scatolin, Adriano, A primeira historiografia romana no De oratore, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 93-110. LINK
  • Setaioli, Aldo, Cícero em Sêneca, in Cardoso, Isabella Tardin & Martinho, Marcos (coord.), Cícero: obra e recepção, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2019, 129-149. LINK


  • Conference Ancient Inequalities. Economy, Culture, and Society in the Middle East and the Mediterranean, Buenos Aires, March 27-29, 2019. Claudia Beltrão (Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro), Shaping the Wise Nobleman: Ciceronian Modes of Creating Religious and Philosophical Inequalities. LINK
  • Journée d’études Philosophie et rhétorique dans l’Antiquité: Le De republica de Cicéron (deuxième année), Villeneuve d’Ascq, 3 avril 2019. Alain Deremetz (HALMA), Histoire et philosophie dans le livre II du De re publica. LIEN



  • Balbo, Andrea, Profili argomentativi del discorso di Catilina in Sall. Cat. 20-22, “Philologia Antiqua”, 11, 2018, 9-24. LINK
  • Fezzi, Luca, ‘Alea jacta est’. Pourquoi César a-t-il franchi le Rubicon ?, Paris, Belin, 2018. LINK
  • Malaspina, Ermanno & Calcagno, Mattia & Crotto, Alberto, Il carmen latino “Il monarca non è più felice del suddito” di Da Ponte: una riflessione politica inattesa, in Giampaolo Zagonel (a cura di), Da Ponte a Mozart, Atti del Convegno di Vittorio Veneto, 1-2 dicembre 2017, Vittorio Veneto, Dario De Bastiani, 2019, 137-196. LINK
  • Raschieri, Amedeo Alessandro, Memoria e oblio in Quintiliano, in Mario Capasso (a cura di), Quattro incontri sulla Cultura Classica. Dal bimillenario della morte di Augusto all’insegnamento delle lingue classiche, Lecce, Pensa Multimedia, 2019, 469-484. LINK


  • XVI Giornata di Studi Aspetti della fortuna dell’antico nella cultura europea, Sestri Levante, 15 marzo 2019. Alfredo Casamento (Università di Palermo), Dimenticare(?): come finisce una guerra civile. Un tema retorico e politico tra antico e moderno. LINK
  • Colloque interdisciplinaire Écritures de la clinique, Pessac, 20-21 mars 2019. Ermanno Malaspina (Université de Turin), La clinique de la douleur chez Sénèque. LIEN
  • Ovidius Philosophus. An International Conference on Philosophy in Ovid and Ovid as a Philosopher, New York, 29-30 March 2019. Francesca Romano Berno (Università di Roma, La Sapienza), Ovidius sapiens: The Learned Man in Ovid’s Work. LINK
  • The 2019 Harry Guttman memorial lecture, Schenectady (NY), 3d April 2019. Francesca Romana Berno (Sapienza Università di Roma), From Chaos to Chaos. Janus’ Speech in Fasti 1 and the Gates of War. LINK
  • Incontro di studio Tra antico e moderno, le forme della comunicazione, Torino, 15 aprile 2019. Stefano Rozzi, Dell’arte della guerra: il dialogo di Machiavelli con Frontino e Vegezio. LINK

[Last updated on March 15th, 2019.]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Cadbury's Campaign Spawn of PAS Back-patting

Freddo, the lootier sweet from Cadbury
An energy-snack for metal detectorists out in the fields maybe?
"A mix between a McDonalds Happy Meal and the original Freddo, the exciting new addition to the Cadbury* product range comes in a unique purple treasure chest that you need to crack open. Times are changing Inside the chest you’ll find an assortment of treasure alongside a fun toy "to inspire many adventures and a world of play".
Hmm.  Apparently "Freddo's Treasures" are some kind of low-brow plastic collectables sold with milk chocolate buttons in a garish plastic box, so tooth-rotting boxed with brain-rot.

And the distribution of this product is supported by a marketing campaign that really raises eyebrows (though apparently NOT so far in Bloomsbury). All that promoting of Treasure Hunting by the PAS in partnership with artefact hunters was bound to lead to this:

and, incitement to loot:

"grab your metal detector and go hunting for Roman riches"

This is just so outrageous....

Is that the point? Get everybody talking about tooth-rotting plastic toys by provoking scandal?

What I find symptomatic is that over the past few hours I have received a veritable storm of notifications of this by email and social media asking whether I am aware of it, what can we do to stop this (sorry, cannot reply individually), but not a single one of them copied in the PAS. I'd be interested to know how many such mails they received over the whole day from concerned colleagues and members of the public. More to the point, I am equally interested to see how PAS and the BM Press Department will react.

Meanwhile all who value the past and think historical monuments deserve respect should be urging friends and family members to boycott Cadbury's products.

*Cadbury, formerly Cadbury's and Cadbury Schweppes, is a British multinational confectionery company wholly owned by Mondelez International (originally Kraft Foods) since 2010.

BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 2

An attempt to smuggle into Britain an ancient Babylonian kudurru as a “carved stone for home decoration” with a value of “300” failed.

“Music was ubiquitous in Ancient Greece. Now we can hear how it actually sounded.”

Israel has become the first country to list all cemetery tombstones online.

The February 2019 issue of the Newsletter of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities includes the latest discoveries, repatriations, and news.

A Greek archaeologist has been working in Alexandria for 15 years in an effort to find the tomb of Alexander the Great.

A 3-minute video shows an animation of what the hanging gardens of Babylon may have looked like.

The Museum of the Bible is hosting a two-session lecture series on “Jerusalem and Rome: Cultures in Context in the First Century CE,” featuring Eric Meyers, Mary Boatwright, Lawrence Schiffman, and Steven Notley.

Eric Meyers will be lecturing on March 28 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, on “Holy Land Archaeology: Where the Past Meets the Present.”

Six speakers will address the subject of “Egypt and Ancient Israel: Merneptah’s Canaanite Campaign—History of Propaganda?” in a conference at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary on March 26.

Chris McKinny’s recent lecture on “Tel Burna—After a Decade of Investigation” is now online. The video includes all of his visuals.

This is fascinating: Predators in the Thickets: A Film Interview with Two Botanists and a Zoologist in Israel. You’ll learn more about lions, bears, forests, thickets, the Zor, and the Ghor. The film is intended an introduction to the newly launched Dictionary of Nature Imagery of the Bible.

Amos Kloner died yesterday.

HT: Agade, Chris McKinny, Joseph Lauer

Jim Davila (

Korean translation of Mishnah in the works

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Hurtado on Magdala

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Persian Islamic stories about Esther

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Legends about Esther

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ArcheoNet BE

The Story of Europe

Op Canvas kun je vanavond om 20u kijken naar het eerste deel van ‘The Story of Europe’, een zesdelige documentairereeks over de geschiedenis van Europa, van de prehistorie tot vandaag. Waar en wanneer begint het verhaal van Europa? De geschiedenis leidt ons terug naar het oude Griekenland, naar Kreta. Daar vinden we niet alleen de eerste beschaving van het continent, maar ook de mythe waaraan het continent haar naam te danken heeft, die van de ontvoering van de Fenicische prinses Europa door de Griekse oppergod Zeus. Het vervolg van het verhaal leidt ons naar Rome, waar het Romeinse Rijk de Europese beschaving verspreidt en zo een belangrijk rolmodel wordt voor veel mensen in Europa.

Vetzuren, grafgiften en het verband met rituele feesten

Op woensdag 20 maart organiseert de Antwerpse Vereniging voor Romeinse Archeologie (AVRA) de lezing ‘Vetzuren, grafgiften en het verband met rituele feesten. Organisch residu-onderzoek op het aardewerk uit het Merovingisch grafveld van Elversele (Temse)’. Gastsprekers zijn Ewoud Deschepper en Thomas Van de Velde.

In de winter van 2017-2018 groeven archeologen van Monument Vandekerkchove nv een Merovingisch grafveld op in Elversele dat dateert tussen de 2de helft van de 6de en de 1ste helft van de 7de eeuw n. Chr.

Van de 49 begravingen hadden slechts negen een stuk aardewerk als bijgift. Dergelijke stukken aardewerk worden vaak gelinkt aan funeraire feesten waarbij de inhoud, voedsel of drank, dan dienst deed als grafmaaltijd in gift-exchange relaties. Voor de Merovingische periode wordt echter gesteld dat het deponeren van voedsel en/of drank in graven sterk verminderde doorheen de 6de en 7de eeuw.

Om na te gaan of het aardewerk van Elversele gebruikt was als sociaal object, werd via een archeologische en chemische studie onderzocht of de potten voedsel en/of drank bevat hebben. Door middel van een analyse met Gas Chromatografie – Massa Spectrometrie (GC-MS) kan immers vastgesteld worden of er zich moleculen gerelateerd aan voedsel en/of drank zich in de klei van het aardewerk bevinden.

Praktisch: de lezing start om 20u in de UA-Stadscampus (Rodestraat 14, Antwerpen). De toegang is gratis. De lezing wordt georganiseerd i.s.m. de Vakgroep Geschiedenis van de Universiteit Antwerpen.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Methods of Historical Study (Reinventing the Wheel)

Let me supplement my last post about the historical Jesus with another that connects with and shares a wider range of what has been and continues to be discussed and circulated, and asks what kinds of things it might be useful to blog about in the future. Reading certain blogs and discussion boards on the […]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Norfolk: Finding those "Productive sites"

Anglo-Saxon gold pendant found in Norfolk declared treasure
An Anglo-Saxon gold pendant, found near a site where a similar item worth £145,000 was dug up, probably belonged to a woman of "high social status". The Winfarthing Pendant was found in 2014 near Diss in Norfolk. The latest pendant, with a central cross motif, was found in 2017 and it has been declared treasure. [...]  In 2014, a student found Anglo-Saxon jewellery, including a pendant, at Winfarthing, later valued by the governement's Portable Antiquities Scheme at £145,000. The more recently discovered pendant, which features gold bead work and measures 17mm (0.67in) by 13mm (0.5in), is believed to date from the late-6th Century to the mid-7th. [...]   The Winfarthing Pendant, discovered by student-turned-archaeologist Tom Lucking, has recently been on show at The British Library in London. Treasure experts described it as having "national significance" shortly after it was discovered.
How "near"?

Compitum - publications

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

What' in a Name? Knowledge Theft and Destruction by any Other Name is still Knowledge Theft and Destruction

UK's theft epidemic
In the wake of me saying on social media (in the wake of the  Cadbury's Freddos marketing campaign) that I am of the opinion that 6800 UK archaeologists should take a harder stand on artefact hunting and collecting, I am being cajoled by a fellow archaeologist on Twitter: 
[...] Can we agree that some metal detecting is not as destructive as other types? Promote that and go from there. [...]
This is a good example of the issue-dodging weasel-wordery used by the supporters of collectors. If by 'metal detecting' we mean the use of these tools to find hidden objects in airports and schools or in food products leaving a factory production line, or by archaeologists in a properly-designed archaeological survey with a specified research agenda and methodology, then the "metal detecting" is not damaging the archaeological record as much as when the tool is used to accumulate random but selected collectables from a site. I do not think the author of those words could legitimately ask me "Can we agree that some Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record is not as destructive as other types?". Yet that is exactly how a metal detector is used by the majority of (perhaps) 27000 active metal detector users in the UK.

If you think about the effects of collecting on the remaining parts of the archaeological record of that site, and is aware just how selective the pickup always is in artefact hunting and collecting and therefore the comparative worthlessness of any "x-marks the spot" 'documentation' compiled in the collecting process, then that is an evident nonsense. Which is why, I guess, the lazier archaeologists will employ the vaguer terminology in favour of naming the process as what it is.

There are a host of reasons why archaeologists, and archaeological bodies, in Britain should not  'promote' ANY kind of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record, whether with metal detectors or unaided spades, whether it is called "responsible" or not. I doubt that there is a  way to "responsibly rob" somebody, and likewise I do not think there is any truly responsible way to loot the archaeological record for mere collectables.

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: March 15

Life keeps getting in the way; apologies for the hiatus! But here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem septimum decimum Kalendas Apriles.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Diana and Endymion, and there are more images here.


TINY MOTTOES: Today's tiny motto is: Ventis secundis (English: With favorable winds).

3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word verb-less proverb is Tranquillo quilibet gubernator (English: When it's calm, everyone is a helmsman)

AUDIO PROVERBS: Today's audio Latin proverb is Scientia potentia (English: Knowledge is power). To read a brief essay about this proverb and to listen to the audio, visit the Latin Via Proverbs blog.

ERASMUS' ANIMALS: Today's animal proverb from Erasmus is Camelus vel scabiosa complurium asinorum gestat onera (English: Even a mangy camel can bear the loads of many donkeys; from Adagia 1.9.58).

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Mores Quisque Sibi Format. Click here for a full-sized view.

And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:

Post nubila Phoebus.
After clouds, the sun (comes out).

Stare diu nescit qui non aliquando quiescit.
He who does not sometime take a rest
knows not how to stand a long time.


PHAEDRI FABULAE: The illustrated fable from Phaedrus for today is Equus et aper, a story about risking your freedom for a short-term reward: Latin text and Smart's translation.

STEINHOWEL: The illustrated fable from Steinhowel for today is De luscinia et accipitre, a story about brute force: Latin text and English versions.

And here's a Mardi Gras item from Latin LOLBaby Enzo: Ede, bibe, lude!

March 16, 2019

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: NGSBA Excavation Preliminary Reports

NGSBA Excavation Preliminary Reports
ISSN: 2221-9420
This is our electronic journal which reports the results of our excavations. Some reports concern our community work (Lod and Givat Sher), other reports deal with our research projects (Tel Dan, Tel Arad) and most reports deal with salvage work. The salvage excavations can also be found by site in the contract archaeology section and research excavations and community digs under the excavations tab.

See also NGSBA Archaeology Journal

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies


Open Access Journal: NGSBA Archaeology (The Nelson Glueck School of Biblical Archaeology)

 [First posted in AWOL 13 January 2914, updated 16 March 2019 [lnew URLs)]

NGSBA Archaeology (The Nelson Glueck School of Biblical Archaeology)
ISSN 2227-9008
NGSBA Archaeology is our platform for presenting the results of our fieldwork. The contents consist mainly of reports on salvage archaeology projects conducted by Y.G. Archaeology under NGSBA oversight. But from time to time reports of our community archaeology and research projects will also be published. We will also accept field reports of projects executed by other organizations. The journal is peer reviewed, edited by David Ilan, the director of the NGSBA, and is overseen by a board of editors. It will appear more or less annually—depending on the quantity of material available for publication—in print and digital form. The digital version can be downloaded from our website for free. 

Volume 4 (2017)

Volume 3 (2015)

Volume 2 (2013)

Volume 1 (2012)

Dra Abu el-Naga: Report di scavo / Excavation reports

Dra Abu el-Naga: Report di scavo / Excavation reports
Report di scavo della missione 2018
Report di scavo della missione 2014
Report di scavo della missione 2012
Report di scavo della missione 2011
Report Geomorfologia del sito-De Rosa
Report di scavo della missione 2010
Report di scavo della missione 2009
Report di scavo della missione 2008

Μνημοσύνη: Ψηφιακή Βιβλιοθήκη της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γραμματείας

Μνημοσύνη: Ψηφιακή Βιβλιοθήκη της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γραμματείας
Η Ψηφιακή Βιβλιοθήκη προσφέρει ένα πανόραμα της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γραμματείας από την αρχαϊκή εποχή έως και τα ύστερα ελληνορωμαϊκά χρόνια. Περιλαμβάνει αντιπροσω­πευ­τικά έργα από όλα τα γένη και είδη του αρχαίου ελληνικού λόγου τόσο στο πρωτότυπο όσο και σε δόκιμες νεοελληνικές μεταφράσεις. Επίσης, παρέχει τη δυνατότητα αναζήτησης λέξεων είτε σε μεμονωμένα κείμενα είτε σε ομάδες κειμένων ανά συγγραφέα ή γένος-είδος λόγου είτε στο σύνολο των κειμένων που περιλαμβάνονται.

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Help Save Classics at the University of Vermont!

The fine folks at UVM’s Classics department asked me to get the word out:

Dear Fellow Classicists,

We would be very grateful if you sign our petition to reverse the 50% cut to Classics that the University of Vermont has suffered in the last three years. UVM is now undergoing a regime change—influenced in part by campus-wide protests to humanities cutbacks—and we hope to prevail upon the incoming president (Suresh Garimella, currently Provost of Purdue) to restore us to the 2015 staffing level that was already deemed minimal by our external program review that same year.

For more specifics, please see the SCS blog:

The petition is here:

Yours gratefully,

The Department of Classics, Universitas Viridis Montis
The University of Vermont


The Archaeology News Network

Medieval burial discovered under car park in French city of Cherbourg

A grave containing a well-preserved skeleton dating from the 11th century has been discovered under a car park at Notre-Dame de Cherbourg (Manche), by Inrap archaeologists. Credit: Ouest-France"It is a remarkable burial. It is probably the only one we know of its type... at least in North Cotentin," said Laurent Paez-Rezende, a research scientist at the Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives (Inrap). (adsbygoogle...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

Studies strengthen case for abrupt end of Malta’s Neolithic culture

A recent study by leading archaeologists suggests that the decline of the Neolithic civilisation in Malta was unexpected and preceded by “intensifying (building) activity” only to be followed by an abrupt end. Statue of two seated corpulent figures, found face-down and broken in context 831 of the upper “shrine”  [Credit: Malone et al. 2009; © McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research]The study also throws light on how...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

New evidence suggests humans may have arrived in Australia 50,000 years earlier than first thought

New evidence discovered by a team of scientists in south-western Victoria suggests people may have been living in Australia 120,000 years ago – more than 50,000 years longer than previous estimations. Credit: First Australians (2008)The team, which includes Dr John Sherwood from Deakin University, has spent more than 10 years investigating the Moyjil site in Warrnambool, Victoria, searching unusual shell deposits and burnt stones for...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 1

A Greek inscription found at the Nabatean city of Halutza confirms previous scholarly identification of the site as Elusa. The Times of Israel article provides more information about the results of the excavation.

Aren Maeir made a visit to Gath/Tell es-Safi this week, where everything is very green.

Tel Tzuba (Belmont) is the latest destination for Israel’s Good Name.

Cesares de Roma is a Spanish art project that has brought to life silicone images of Julius Caesar, Caesar Augustus, and Nero.

The Romans attempted to ban wild Purim parties in the year 408.

In light of the present controversy, Leen Ritmeyer explains the history of the Golden Gate of Jerusalem.

Egypt has opened a 105-mile hiking trail called the “Red Sea Mountain Trail” that west of Hurghada.

40,000 runners from 80 different countries ran 42 kilometers in the Jerusalem Marathon.

David Moster explains biblical geography in a 9-minute video entitled, “If an ancient Israelite had Google Earth.”

This isn’t new, but I haven’t seen it before: Flight of Faith: The Jesus Story is a 48-minute documentary with lots of aerial footage.

The Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem has opened a new exhibit entitled “Highway through History.” As part of the launch, they have created a five-minute drone video of Beth Shemesh and the excavations in preparation for the road expansion.

The New York Times reviews “The World Between Empires” exhibit now at the Met.

The “Alexander son of Simon” ossuary is possibly related to the man who carried Jesus’s cross. It is on display now at the Museum of the Bible in Washington, DC, and this week they recorded a short video about it. Apparently they were so inspired by an inquiry from your roundup writer.

HT: Agade, G. M. Grena, Chris McKinny, Ted Weis, Steven Anderson, Paul Kellogg, Charles Savelle

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

TEFAF Wrenched Apart Sarcophagus Fragment

A tiny so-called "mummy mask" on sale at TEFAF ("TEFAF champions the finest art through the ages and from around the world. A section dedicated to ancient art was created in 1993 at TEFAF Maastricht. The section is a veritable treasure trove for collectors".)
@sycomore_ancient_art, stand 438
Sarcophagus mask
Wood, traces of stucco with yellow and blue polychromy
Height 11.7 cm (4.6 in.)
Egyptian - Third intermediate Period, 1085-715 BC
No collecting history at all is given here up-front. Of course, it's not a "mask" at all, but a fragment of anthropomorphic coffin lid (from a grave) that has been portableised by wrenching it off to put it onto the market. Nobody gives a second thought for the inhumation that was desecrated and violated to put this trophy item in a collector's hands. It has got several thumbs ups from other dealers on the website.

Go on, show us some proper views. Show the back.

This dealer/collector fetish for "Faces from the Past" is really rather pathetic and immature. 

Jim Davila (

Leviticus 4-5: sin, guilt, and rhetoric

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Review of Bull, The Mithraeum at Caesarea Maritima, vol. II

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ArcheoNet BE

LAReS werft aan

Archeologisch bedrijf LAReS, gevestigd in de Antwerpse Kempen, zoekt een enthousiaste en gedreven archeoloog (m/v) ter versterking van het team. Heb jij je master archeologie (of gelijkgesteld), dan ben jij wellicht de persoon die LAReS zoekt. Reageer zo snel mogelijk met een korte motivatiebrief en CV!

Download de volledige vacature (pdf)

Jim Davila (

Aries 19.1 (2019) on Practical Kabbalah

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Koskenniemi, Greek Writers and Philosophers in Philo and Josephus

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ArcheoNet BE

17de Nacht van de Geschiedenis in het teken van ‘Meesterschap’

Op dinsdag 19 maart vindt de 17de Nacht van de Geschiedenis plaats, één van de grootste jaarlijkse geschiedenisevenementen van Vlaanderen. Deze editie staat in het teken van ‘Meesterschap’. Verspreid over Vlaanderen heeft het Davidsfonds zo’n 200 activiteiten in petto: lezingen, rondleidingen, tentoonstellingen, … Alle informatie en het volledige programma vind je op

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

#CFP Contemporary American Science Fiction Film: The Bush, Obama and Trump Years

Another call for papers about science fiction that deserves to be circulated widely: Contemporary American Science Fiction Film: The Bush, Obama and Trump Years deadline for submissions: May 31, 2019 full name / name of organization: Dr Stuart Joy, Solent University & Dr Terence McSweeney, Solent University contact email: Since the turn of the […]

Compitum - publications

M. Vandersmissen, Discours des personnages féminins chez Sénèque


Marc Vandersmissen, Discours des personnages féminins chez Sénèque, Bruxelles, 2019.

Éditeur : Peeters
Collection : Latomus 359
399 pages
ISBN : 978-90-429-3796-3
68 €

Dans les tragédies de Sénèque, la femme est depuis longtemps un objet d'étude. Plusieurs aspects ont été abordés, mais, aujourd'hui, une étude des discours féminins de ce corpus théâtral fait défaut. Dans ce contexte, il convient de mettre en place une méthode de recherche pour répondre, notamment, aux questions suivantes: Est-il possible de dégager une façon féminine ou masculine de s'exprimer sur scène ? Si oui, quelles seraient les raisons d'une telle différenciation discursive et quelles en seraient les conséquences sur l'action dramatique ? Quelle est l'influence de l'interlocuteur sur lesdits discours ? Des héroïnes prennent-elles la parole comme des hommes, ou inversement ? Voici autant de pistes explorées dans le présent ouvrage. Pour traiter ce sujet à la croisée des études du discours et des études sur la femme, nous avons recours à la logométrie. Cette recherche s'inscrit donc aussi dans une profonde réflexion méthodologique, puisque de nouveaux outils sont utilisés pour traiter ces questions inédites.


Source : Peeters

Archaeology Magazine

DNA Obtained From Tobacco Pipe at Maryland Plantation

Maryland Belvoir PipeANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY, MARYLAND—WTOP reports that female human DNA has been obtained from a 200-year-old tobacco pipe discovered in the slave quarters at Belvoir, a Maryland plantation. “Using modern DNA databases,” said archaeologist Julie Schablitsky of the Maryland Department of Transportation, it was “found that the person that smoked that particular tobacco pipe was most genetically similar to the Mende of Sierra Leone [in] West Africa.” Descendants of the enslaved people who once lived at Belvoir have been involved in the research, but the woman who smoked this pipe has not yet been linked to any living relatives. To read in-depth about excavations at Belvoir, go to “Letter from Maryland: Belvoir's Legacy.”

Changes in Diet May Have Fostered Changes in Speech

diet bite languageZURICH, SWITZERLAND—According to a report in Science, the spread of agriculture and consumption of easier-to-chew foods may have led to changes in human jaws and their arrangement of teeth, which in turn allowed people to make new sounds and create new words. In the 1980s, linguist Charles Hockett suggested that chewing tough, gritty food would have put force on hunter-gatherers’ lower jaws, making the bone grow larger so that the upper and lower teeth aligned in an “edge-to-edge” bite. Such a bite would have made it hard to push the upper jaw forward to make the sounds “f” and “v,” Hockett reasoned. Linguist Balthasar Bickel of the University of Zurich and his colleagues used computer models to test this idea and compare how such sounds, known as labiodentals, are made with an edge-to-edge bite and with the overbites that developed in people who lived in agricultural societies. Bickel suspects “f” and “v” sounds were first made accidentally by wealthy people who ate soft foods. The researchers also examined hunter-gatherer languages, and found that hunter-gatherers use about one-fourth of the labiodentals that farming societies do. Bickel’s colleague Steven Moran pointed out that, with the ability to make new sounds came new problems. “Our lower jaws are shorter,” he said, “we have impacted wisdom teeth, more crowding—and cavities.” To read about an archaeological mystery involving teeth, go to “The Case of the Missing Incisors.”

Genomes Offer Clues to Population History of Iberia

Spain ancient genomesCAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS—BBC News reports that a new genetic study conducted by an international team of scientists led by researchers from Harvard Medical School and Barcelona’s Institute of Evolutionary Biology analyzed the genomes of 403 people who were buried on the Iberian Peninsula between 6000 B.C. and A.D. 1600, nearly 1,000 people who lived elsewhere in antiquity, and some 2,900 living people. One of the study’s conclusions suggests that hunter-gatherers in the region were a mix of people from Iberia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean. In the Bronze Age, migrants from central Europe replaced male lineages in Spain over a span of about 400 years, but no clear evidence of a burst of violence in this period has been found in the archaeological record, according to Iñigo Olalde of Harvard Medical School. The migrants, who were members of the Bell Beaker culture, had ancestors who had been farmers throughout Europe and nomadic herders from Asia and eastern Europe. They probably carried bronze weapons and may have traveled on horseback. These innovations may have given them greater status and reproductive success when they arrived in Spain, Olalde explained. “Their male descendants would have inherited the wealth and social status, and themselves also had much higher reproductive success,” he said. For more on archaeology in Spain, go to “The Red Lady of El Mirón.”

March 15, 2019

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: The Getty Magazine

The Getty Magazine
The Getty magazine tells the stories of the world's largest cultural and philanthropic organization dedicated to the visual arts. Articles on the Getty's four programs—the Getty Conservation Institute, the Getty Foundation, the J. Paul Getty Museum, and the Getty Research Institute—offer readers a more complete picture of the work we do in Los Angeles and around the world. This magazine is published quarterly. 

Read Current Issues

See Past Issues

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Open Access Monograph Series: Middle Kingdom Studies Series

Middle Kingdom Studies Series
The electronic files are only to be distributed from the University of Pisa and in the case of the series Middle Kingdom Studies by Golden House Publications, London. Users may download only one copy for their own personal use. © The University of Pisa. Copyright remains in general with the author(s) and the publishing house(s).
Users may not: modify, obscure, or remove any copyright notice or other attribution included in the content; incorporate the content into an unrestricted database or website; systematically print out or download the content to stock or replace print holdings; reproduce or distribute the content, without prior permission from the publisher and other applicable rights holders.
Rights-Access Restrictions: The material uploaded in this platform may not be used for commercial purposes or gains. For purposes of clarification, “commercial purposes or gains” shall not include research whose end-use is commercial in nature. It can be used for: research activities; classroom or organizational instruction and related classroom or organizational activities; student assignments; as part of a scholarly, cultural, educational or organizational presentation or workshop, if such use conforms to the customary and usual practice in the field.
  1. Miniaci G., Grajetzki W. (eds.), The World of Middle Kingdom Egypt (2000-1550 BC). Contributions on archaeology, art, religion, and written sources, Volume I, (Middle Kingdom Studies 2). London 2015.
  2. Miniaci G., Grajetzki W. (eds.). The World of Middle Kingdom Egypt (2000-1550 BC), Vol. II. (Middle Kingdom Studies 2). London 2016

The Archaeology News Network

Roman cemetery found on tram extension route in Strasbourg

A previously unknown Roman cemetery has been discovered by archaeologists in northeastern France. Credit: A. Ferat/20 MinutesScientists found funeral urns, as well as offerings and unusual evidence of cremation bonfires at the site in Strasbourg, which is being examined before planned work on a 1.7km extension of the city's tram network. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Further excavations at the site - near the...

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American School of Classical Studies in Athens: Events

Discourse on Bioethics

March 15, 2019 19:00 - Dr. Fleur Jongepier (Radboud University Nijmegen), Dr. Evangelos Protopapadakis (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

The Votives Project: Offerings to the Gods from Antiquity to the Present

The Votives Project: Offerings to the Gods from Antiquity to the Present
The Votives Project is a network of people from different backgrounds who study, create or use votive offerings or other related ways of communicating with the divine. It aims to facilitate dialogue between academic disciplines, and between academics and religious ‘practitioners’, and in doing so to develop rich cross-cultural and multi-period understandings of votive material and contexts.
If you would like to join the Project and/or contribute an article to our blog, please don’t hesitate to contact us by writing to us at the addresses on our Open University webpages (links via our names below). You can also share your photos and ideas on our new Facebook page.
Emma-Jayne Graham and Jessica HughesThe Votives Project Network Co-ordinators.

The Archaeology News Network

Fourth-century fountain unearthed during construction of Thessaloniki metro to return to public view

An enormous public fountain from late antiquity – one of the most impressive finds during excavations in 2018 for the construction of the Thessaloniki metro – will form the centrepiece of a new archaeological site in the heart of the northern port city, according to reports. Credit: A. Férat/20 MinutesDetails about the fountain, dated to the second half of the 4th century, will be presented by researchers at the 32nd annual conference...

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AIA Fieldnotes

Using Archaeology to Unearth Missouri’s Rich Cultural Heritage

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by AIA Society: Central Missouri (Columbia)
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 5:30pm

Using Archaeology to Unearth Missouri's Rich Cultural Heritage

Lecture presented by Erin Whitson, Archaeologist for the Missouri Humanities Council

Tuesday, April 23rd in Middlebush Hall Room 12 from 5:30-7pm, pre-reception at 5pm.


Jeffrey Stevens
Call for Papers: 

Tom Matrullo (Classics in Sarasota)

National Geographic piece about Delphi

Pythia - The Delphic Oracle with laurel leaf

Nat Geo has a fine story this month about Delphi, the navel of the Earth -- worth a look given that The Eumenides, when we get to it, opens with a long speech of the Pythia, followed by the appearance of Apollo. The article echoes the opening of that play, though it has a variant on the genealogy of the presiding deities of the site:
. . . this impressive spot in central Greece (about 100 miles northwest of Athens) was originally sacred to Gaea, mother goddess of the earth, who placed her son Python, a serpent, as a guard for Delphi and its oracle. Apollo, god of light and music, slew the serpent and took over the site for himself. Priestesses who served Apollo there were called the “Pythia,” named in honor of Gaea’s vanquished son. Throughout the classical world spread the belief that these priestesses channeled prophecies from Apollo himself. (Read about the science behind the Delphic Oracle's prophetic powers.)  NatGeo

The opening of The Eumenides offers its own genealogy of the site, beginning with the striking description of the Earth as πρωτόμαντιν - the first prophet:

πρῶτον μὲν εὐχῇ τῇδε πρεσβεύω θεῶν 
τὴν πρωτόμαντιν Γαῖανἐκ δὲ τῆς Θέμιν
 δὴ τὸ μητρὸς δευτέρα τόδ᾽ ἕζετο 
μαντεῖονὡς λόγος τιςἐν δὲ τῷ τρίτῳ 
5λάχειθελούσηςοὐδὲ πρὸς βίαν τινός
Τιτανὶς ἄλλη παῖς Χθονὸς καθέζετο
Φοίβηδίδωσι δ᾽  γενέθλιον δόσιν 
Φοίβῳτὸ Φοίβης δ᾽ ὄνομ᾽ ἔχει παρώνυμον
λιπὼν δὲ λίμνην Δηλίαν τε χοιράδα
10κέλσας ἐπ᾽ ἀκτὰς ναυπόρους τὰς Παλλάδος
ἐς τήνδε γαῖαν ἦλθε Παρνησοῦ θ᾽ ἕδρας
πέμπουσι δ᾽ αὐτὸν καὶ σεβίζουσιν μέγα 
κελευθοποιοὶ παῖδες Ἡφαίστουχθόνα 
ἀνήμερον τιθέντες ἡμερωμένην
15μολόντα δ᾽ αὐτὸν κάρτα τιμαλφεῖ λεώς
Δελφός τε χώρας τῆσδε πρυμνήτης ἄναξ
τέχνης δέ νιν Ζεὺς ἔνθεον κτίσας φρένα 
ἵζει τέταρτον τοῖσδε μάντιν ἐν θρόνοις
Διὸς προφήτης δ᾽ ἐστὶ Λοξίας πατρός

The Priestess of Pythian Apollo

First, in this prayer of mine, I give the place of highest honor among the gods to the first prophet, Earth; and after her to Themis, for she was the second to take this oracular seat of her mother, as legend tells. And in the third allotment, with Themis' consent and not by force, [5] another Titan, child of Earth, Phoebe, took her seat here. She gave it as a birthday gift to Phoebus, who has his name from Phoebe. Leaving the lake1and ridge of Delos, he landed on Pallas' ship-frequented shores, [10] and came to this region and the dwelling places on Parnassus. The children of Hephaistos,2road-builders taming the wildness of the untamed land, escorted him with mighty reverence. And at his arrival, the people [15] and Delphus, helmsman and lord of this land, made a great celebration for him. Zeus inspired his heart with prophetic skill and established him as the fourth prophet on this throne; but Loxias is the spokesman of Zeus, his father.

Another article offers Some prophecies of the oracle

The Archaeology News Network

Viking long house located by satellite in Denmark

For some time now archaeologists have used aerial photographs to pinpoint signs of settlements and ancient field systems. Recently, satellite technology has been able to provide an added dimension. The differences in colour can point the way to man-made constructions [Credit: Google Earth/Museum Vestsjælland]Using pictures from Google Earth, Museum Vestsjælland has located a large inhabited area in northwest Zealand that includes a...

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Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

I Can't Believe It's 3,000-Year-Old Butter!

Archaeologists publish new analysis of 3,000 years' worth of preserved Irish butter.

The Archaeology News Network

Artificial intelligence for the study of sites

An experimental study led by researcher Abel Moclán, from the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), has just been published in the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences journal, which proposes a new method to understand how the faunal assemblages were generated in archaeological sites, and how they could have interacted with groups of humans and carnivores in the places they occupied. Three...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Abydos Archaeology: The online journal of the North Abydos Expedition

Abydos Archaeology: The online journal of the North Abydos Expedition
Abydos Archaeology
Welcome to Abydos Archaeology: The online journal of the North Abydos Expedition, an archaeological project sponsored jointly by the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University and Princeton University. We tell the story of Abydos, Egypt and its 5,000-year history through archaeological excavation, heritage preservation, archaeological survey, collections management, object conservation, outreach, and publication. We post stories from the field, and the people and communities behind the archaeology, as well as objects from Abydos, both in situ and in museum collections around the world, and images from our archives, covering a half-century of archaeological fieldwork in Egypt. Expedition co-directors, Dr. Matthew Douglas Adams (NYU) and Prof. Deborah Vischak (Princeton), and all of us on the North Abydos Expedition team invite you to browse our gallery of fieldwork, team bios, blog, and Instagram gallery — and to follow, bookmark, like, share, and ENJOY the archaeology of Abydos with us!

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

The UK Archaeological Market Survey Report has just been Published

There are more archaeologists working in 2018 in the UK than ever before. The archaeological market survey report has just been published
6,812 people were employed as professional archaeologists in 2017-18; more than have ever been before, with 13% of them being non-UK EU nationals [...] • The overwhelming majority of income came from private sector clients (83%, a slight increase from 81% in 2016-17) with residential housing as the biggest sector, but infrastructure projects were also important. • Much of this investment is dependent on the planning process having access to expert archaeological advice • Despite this, the sector’s confidence in the future of the market was declining, and had been since 2015 • Brexit and the under-resourcing of local government planning advice were still considered to be major concerns for the sector
Artefact hunters and collectors often claim that archaeologists would not have any work if it were not for them. The logic of that statement is pretty weak. Are 6800 archaeologists all fervent admirers and supporters of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record?  

Liz Gloyn (Classically Inclined)

Musonius Rufus workshop – registration now open!

I’m delighted to share that the registration for the Musonius Rufus workshop that I’m co-organising with my Royal Holloway colleague John Sellars is now open! The programme is as follows:

10.00-10.30: Arrival / Registration
10.30-11.20: ‘Musonius’ and Epictetus’ lectures on exercise: a case-study of influence in
Roman Stoicism?’ – Jean-Baptiste Gourinat (Paris)
11.20-12.10: ‘Musonius on oikeiosis and appropriate relations’ – Georgia Tsouni (Basel)
12.10-1.00: ‘Musonius Rufus on Gender Equality’ – René Brouwer (Utrecht)
1.00-2.00: Lunch
2.00-2.50: ‘Sexual Pleasure in Musonius Rufus’ – Kurt Lampe (Bristol)
2.50-3.40: ‘The Diet of a Stoic Knight: Musonius Rufus on Food Ethics’ – William
Stephens (Creighton)
3.40-4.00: Tea/Coffee
4.00-5.00: Roundtable Discussion

The workshop is free to attend but spaces will be limited so we are asking people to register in advance. You can do this via Eventbrite.

Musonius is a really interesting yet underappreciated figure in Roman Stoicism, and I’m really looking forward to a day of discussion about him and his thought.

ArcheoNet BE

J. Verrijckt Archeologie & Advies zoekt twee archeologen

J. Verrijckt Archeologie & Advies is momenteel op zoek naar twee archeologen (m/v) om het team te versterken. Heb je al ervaring in de archeologische wereld en ben je op zoek naar een nieuwe uitdaging? Of zet je je eerste stapjes in de archeologische wereld? Dan kan je tot 31 maart solliciteren bij het bedrijf, dat vanuit het hart van de Kempen projecten uitvoert over heel Vlaanderen. Download de vacature voor archeoloog en de vacature voor ervaren archeoloog (pdf).

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

It may be that we’ve enjoyed the final blizzard of the season here in North Dakotaland and it was mild enough in our neighborhood that I could go for my first outdoor run of the year yesterday afternoon. 

This weekend looks mild as well and a good time to catch up on some grading, the first Formula 1 race of the weekend, and the part of the NBA season that starts to matter. There is some college basketball too (just not for my mighty Spiders).

If you’re looking for something to occupy your free moments, here are some quick hits and varia:

IMG 3585Compromise

Jim Davila (

“The World Between Empires” at the Met

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The architects side with the Karaites

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On mistranslations of biblical words

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Archaeological News on Tumblr

Irish bog butter is 1,500 years older than previously thought

LONG BEFORE MODERN refrigeration Irish people discovered that storing butter in the bog keeps it...

ArcheoNet BE

Voorlopige bescherming voor Sint-Annapaviljoen in Sint-Genesius-Rode

Vlaams minister Geert Bourgeois heeft het Sint-Annapaviljoen aan de Grote Hutsesteenweg in Sint-Genesius-Rode voorlopig beschermd als monument. In het gebouw uit 1951 is een afsluitknoop ondergebracht die van cruciaal belang is voor de watervoorziening in het Brussels Gewest, maar ook voor Vlaanderen. Terwijl de meeste andere afsluitingsknopen een puur functionele vormgeving hebben of bestaan uit louter ondergrondse infrastructuur, getuigt het Sint-Annapaviljoen van een verzorgde architecturale uitwerking die aansluit op de landelijke omgeving.

Hoewel de drinkwatervoorziening al tijdens de Franse periode (eind 18de eeuw) wettelijk toevertrouwd werd aan de gemeentebesturen, bleef deze verplichting vaak dode letter. Bij het uitbreken van de Tweede Wereldoorlog beschikte nog maar 11 procent van de Vlaamse gemeenten over een waterleiding. Pas in de jaren 1950-1960 werden uiteindelijk heel wat infrastructuurprojecten gerealiseerd, zoals de waterbevoorrading via het Albertkanaal en het stuwmeer in Eupen.

De Sint-Annaknoop ontvangt het water van het behandelingsstation voor oppervlaktewater in Tailfer (aan de Maas) en van het reservoir van Rode, en stuurt het naar het net van de Tussengemeentelijke Maatschappij der Vlaanderen voor Watervoorziening en naar het Brusselse Gewest. Hiervoor beschikt men over elf oorspronkelijke hoofdafsluiters en drie meters van groot kaliber, waar per dag zo’n 105.000 kubieke meter water kan doorstromen.

Hoewel de plannen van het Sint-Annapaviljoen en de dienstwoning ondertekend werden door de ingenieurs van de watermaatschappij, lijkt de gevelarchitectuur in de eerste plaats toe te schrijven aan de Antwerpse architect Frans De Groodt (1912-2009). Hij ontwierp in dezelfde periode als ‘stadsurbanist’ van Sint-Genesius-Rode het aanlegplan voor deze omgeving, en het Sint-Annapaviljoen past ook perfect in zijn eerder traditioneel ogende oeuvre uit de jaren vijftig. In de imposante bakstenen volumes en hoge daken vind je bovendien een zekere invloed terug van het Nederlandse baksteenmodernisme en van Frank Lloyd Wright.

De combinatie van het paviljoen, de dienstwoning en het controlegebouw in een groen kader verleent het geheel een grote ensemblewaarde, die de voorbije 70 jaar vrijwel ongewijzigd bewaard bleef. Aan de overkant van de steenweg ligt de Sint-Annahoeve (rechts op de foto), die al sinds 1990 beschermd is als monument.

Jim Davila (

Opening Jerusalem's Nea Church to the public?

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James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Archaeology and Jesus

Bart Ehrman wrote something recently that conveys something crucial, and does so clearly and succinctly: It makes sense that people today would think that we should have archaeological evidence of Jesus – after all, he’s the most important figure in the history of Western Civilization!  If he existed, surely we’d have some physical record of […]

ArcheoNet BE

Eerste moderne mensen in Europa hadden grotere ecologische voetafdruk dan neanderthalers

De eerste moderne mensen in Europa brachten zo’n 40.000 jaar geleden al ecosystemen aan het wankelen. Vooral de mammoetpopulaties kalfden drastisch af sinds onze komst. Dat blijkt uit een nieuwe studie op botten van neanderthalers, moderne mensen en dieren uit de Belgische grotten van Spy en Goyet. Een internationaal onderzoeksteam, met onder meer wetenschappers van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, besluit dat beide mensensoorten hetzelfde aten, vooral mammoet en rendier, maar dat de moderne mens veel intensiever joeg. De resultaten verschenen in Scientific Reports.

Lees het volledige verhaal op

Compitum - publications

Cl. Bur, La citoyenneté dégradée. Une histoire de l'infamie à Rome (312 av. J.-C. - 96 apr. ...


Clément Bur, La citoyenneté dégradée. Une histoire de l'infamie à Rome (312 av. J.-C. - 96 apr. J.-C.), Rome, 2018.

Éditeur : Ecole française de Rome
Collection : Collection de l'Ecole française de Rome
XII - 697 pages
ISBN : 978-2-7283-1290-0 (br.)

À Rome, la dignité était au cœur de la hiérarchie civique. Dès lors, les citoyens qui ne répondaient plus aux attentes liées à leur rang étaient déclassés et perdaient certains droits. Devenus infâmes, ils jouissaient désormais d'une citoyenneté amoindrie. Ce livre est consacré à ces formes de dégradations civiques prononcées par un représentant de la cité et pour un motif moral. Le choix de la prosopographie (catalogue disponible en ligne) ainsi que d'une approche globale et diachronique a permis de proposer une synthèse renouvelée sur l'infamie. Cela passe d'abord par une étude d'ensemble des peines infamantes de la discipline militaire et surtout du regimen morum des censeurs. On saisit ainsi combien ces spectacles du déshonneur caractérisaient la culture politique romaine et contribuaient à définir le mos maiorum, tandis que la question des candidats aux élections déboutés pour indignité en dessine les limites. L'ouvrage se penche ensuite sur les peines prescrites par les lois pénales et les réglementations écartant de diverses fonctions (témoins, juges, décurions…) certaines catégories de citoyens méprisés de longue date, comme les acteurs, les gladiateurs, ou les prostitués. Cette analyse dévoile un phénomène de juridicisation de l'infamie amorcé à partir du IIe siècle avant J. C. Enfin sont examinés les infâmes eux-mêmes : leurs origines, leur situation et les possibilités de sortir de leur condition. L'étude des formes d'infamie révèle ainsi en négatif la définition du bonus ciuis et les attentes des Romains envers leurs dirigeants. La question de l'évaluation morale du citoyen dans la société d'ordres qu'était Rome conduit à une histoire de la citoyenneté romaine sur la longue durée : c'est donc une réflexion sur le caractère méritocratique de la hiérarchie civique et sur le mode de légitimation de l'aristocratie qui est proposée ici.

Lire la suite...

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

The Leominster Haul Court Case II. Pre-Trial Review

At the end of November  last year,  four metal detectorists denied illegally dealing in tainted cultural objects after reportedly uncovering a haul (sic) of Anglo-Saxon and Viking treasure in a village to the north of Leominster (Anon, 'Four in court accused of dealing "tainted cultural objects'' Hereford Times 28th November 2018). The case is due to be discussed in court again today. Previously,
[Three of them] pleaded not guilty to dealing in tainted cultural objects [while a detectorist from] Rumney, Cardiff, was not asked to enter a plea after requesting the prosecution to review his case on the basis he handed the coins to police before he was charged. If found guilty they could face a maximum prison sentence of seven years as well as a fine under the Dealing in Cultural Objects Offences Act 2003. [...]  Judge Jim Tindal told the quartet that their trial will last for four weeks and begin on September 30 next year. [...] The group were given unconditional bail and a pre-trial review will take place on March 15 at Worcester Crown Court.  
According to Judge Jim Tindal, trying ít, 'clearly this is a complicated case' and he suggests that the ten months between now and the end of September is a time the four men should 'spend with your lawyers to discuss the case' (I rather think that is what one does with lawyers in such circumstances). West Mercia Police are also stressing the complexity of their investigation. Information released so far does not go much further than what was in the Police press release of 31st October  and so we learn nothing of the background and what is actually alleged to have happened.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Gorgias un sistema economico di spettroscopia a riflettanza

Gorgias, è un  sistema di spettroscopia a riflettanza per professionisti dell'arte. Usa un semplice software e ha un sacco di funzioni specificamente progettate per l'esame d'arte.

Archaeology Magazine

New Dates for Ireland’s "Bog Butters"

Ireland bog butterDUBLIN, IRELAND—The Journal reports that a new study of Ireland’s "bog butter" has been conducted by Richard Evershed of the University of Bristol, Jessica Smyth of University College Dublin, and their colleagues. They dated 32 bog butters held at the National Museum of Ireland, and analyzed samples of the fats to determine whether they were actually milk fats or fats from animal carcasses. The results of the tests indicate that the waxy substances are indeed degraded butter, and push back the origin of the practice of storing butter in bogs by some 1,500 years. In fact, five of the samples date to the Bronze Age. The oldest sample, which dates to around 1700 B.C., is thought to have been wrapped in bark. Smyth said the dairy products may have simply been stored in the cool, low-oxygen, high-acid environment of bogs in order to preserve them for future consumption, or they may have been offerings, just as gold, axes, and other bladed weapons were deposited in bogs during the Bronze Age. For more, go to “Oldest Bog Body.”

The Archaeology of Otters

otter mussels shellsLONDON, ENGLAND—CBC News reports that archaeologists joined biologists to investigate otters’ use of stones as tools at a site in central coastal California where there are plentiful mussels growing on a series of drainage pipes. Archaeologist Natalie Uomini of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History noticed piles of broken mussel shells and damaged rocks near the pipes. Continued observation of the otters and mapping of the rocks revealed that the otters tended to pound the mussels on points and ridges on the side of the rocks facing the water, which left the edges smoother and lighter in color than the rest of the rock. Underwater middens in the mud at the site could contain more than 100,000 mussel shells, the researchers noted. They also learned that the otters are precise in the way they hold the shells, and break them open the same way each time, suggesting they are probably right-handed. Biologists could use the information gleaned from the study to look for environments where otters may have lived in the past, and archaeologists could use the information to distinguish between middens left by otters and those created by early humans. To read about artifacts made by humans from shells, go to “Japan’s Early Anglers.”

Pig Bone Analysis Offers Hints to Human Travels

pig bones hengeWILTSHIRE, ENGLAND—Analysis of samples taken from the remains of 131 Neolithic pigs unearthed at Durrington Walls, a henge site located about two miles away from Stonehenge, suggests many of the them were brought to Wiltshire some 2,800 years ago from places scattered all over Britain, according to a Live Science report. “This is the pig age,” said Richard Madgwick of Cardiff University. “This is the only age where pigs are the number one domestic species.” Madgwick explained that because pigs develop rapidly, it is easier to tell where they grew up by analyzing chemical isotopes in their teeth than it is with human remains. He also argues that the pigs were probably transported live and slaughtered near the henge, since many pig skulls have been recovered at the site. Pig skulls are heavy and carry little meat, Madgwick explained, making it unlikely that Neolithic travelers would have carried them on long journeys. The meat would have likely spoiled on the long trip, even if smoked, he added. For more on what researchers have learned from isotope analysis of animal remains, go to “Mild Boars.”

Inscription Identifies Ancient City in Negev Desert

Israel Negev ElusaCOLOGNE, GERMANY—The Times of Israel reports that a team of German and Israeli archaeologists led by Michael Heinzelmann of the University of Cologne has found a Greek inscription identifying the site of Halutza, an ancient city in the Negev Desert on the Incense Route, which linked the Arabian Peninsula to the Mediterranean. The inscription, which dates to A.D. 300, was found near a monumental bathhouse, and refers to Elusa, a name known from historic documents, including the Madaba mosaic map, which was discovered on the floor of a Byzantine-era church in Jordan. The city also boasted nine churches, three pottery workshops, a large theater, and a huge building with columns. Tali Erickson-Gini of the Israel Antiquities Authority said looting during the Ottoman period destroyed much of the ruins. To read about the discovery of a brick inscribed with a portion of the Odyssey, go to “Epic Find.”

March 14, 2019

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

'Ideal' Job offer for Non-idealist: Treasure Enforcer Work in Lancashire

Footprints all over Lancashire's
 Past (Photo Russell
Holden Aug 2013
Job offer in Lancashire:
Are you:
- a great communicator
- able to work accurately and to deadlines
- confident and proficient in creating and using digital resources
- keen to capture data that adds (sic) to our knowledge of the past
- ready and able to be flexible in your work pattern
- committed to extending access to the historical record
- experienced in archaeology?
If so we have an ideal opportunity for you!
You have also not to see anything wrong with Collection-Driven Exploitation of the Archaeological Record and have nothing against meeting and working with metal-detectorists and other finders engaged in this activity and additionally (if you are to do the job properly) need an ability to explain basic concepts of decency to the likes of Baz Thugwit and Sheddy. The advert goes on:
The Finds Liaison Officer (FLO) role is key to the effective running of the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) which ensures that the Treasure Act is adhered to and fully observed. The FLO's primary objectives are to educate and inform people regarding the Treasure Act; encourage the recognition of the archaeological importance of finds and reponsible (sic) metal detector use; acitvely (sic) collect and upload finds data as part of the national PAS, so adding to our knowledge of the past and making this knowledge readily accessible to the public.
Who wrote this?  The role of the PAS never was primarily  to educate and inform people regarding the Treasure Act, nor was it ensures that the Treasure Act is adhered to and fully observed. The Treasure Act is a legal article and its enforcement is the remit of the police.

The Archaeology News Network

Germany pledges to speed return of colonial-era loot

Germany has agreed to speed up the return of human remains and artwork from former African colonies where the country carried out brutal massacres and pillaged indigenous heritage. Namibian skulls from the German Empire's murderous campaign in 1904-1908 which saw the colonizers kill an estimated 60,000 Ovaherero and 10,000 Nama people after they rose up against colonial rule, considered the first genocide of  the 20th century,...

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Archaeological News on Tumblr

Men who lived in Spain 4500 years ago left almost no male genetic legacy today

The genetic legacy of men who lived on the Iberian Peninsula 4500 years ago has largely...

The Archaeology News Network

Rare 17th-century silver coins discovered in Denmark

A treasure trove of 25 silver coins has been discovered in a field near the town of Slagelse. The coins, from an antiquated designation of currency known in Danish as speciedaler, were found last autumn by local metal detector Per Kirckhoff on agricultural land near the village of Bøstrup, Jyllands-Posten writes. Credit: Museum Vestsjælland/Ritzau ScanpixWeighing 28.75 grams each, the silver pieces had a high value during their time...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Zograf

 [First posted in AWOL 20 October 2011, updated 14March 2019]

ISSN: 0350-1361
eISSN: 2406-0755
The journal Zograf. A Journal of Medieval Art is dedicated to medieval art and architecture.

The journal began to come out in 1966.

The journal Zograf publishes original papers that have not been published previously (scientific articles and reviews). Zograf is an Open Access journal.

Contributions to journal shall be submitted in Еnglish, Fench, Greek, German, Italian, Russian and Serbian, with summaries in English and Serbian.

The Journal is issued once a year.

The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science, Arts and Humanities Citation Index.

Digital copies of the journal are archived in the Digital Repository of the National Library of Serbia.
The transfiguration at Shivta. Retracing early Byzantine iconography
Maayan-Fanar Emma
Zograf, 2017 (41):1-18
Details  Full text ( 1772 KB)

A note on two unpublished Coptic textiles from Belgrade
Erdeljan Jelena
Zograf, 2017 (41):19-24
Details  Full text ( 546 KB)

Beards that matter. Visual representations of Patriarch Ignatios in Byzantine art
Krsmanović Bojana, Milanović Ljubomir
Zograf, 2017 (41):25-36
Details  Full text ( 1852 KB)

Early church of the middle Byzantine period and the relics of St. Tryphon in Kotor
Stevović Ivan
Zograf, 2017 (41):37-50
Details  Full text ( 809 KB)

A sanctuary screen from the island of Koločep
Babić Valentina
Zograf, 2017 (41):51-75
Details  Full text ( 1499 KB)

The Siena relic of St John the Baptist’s right arm
Popović Danica
Zograf, 2017 (41):77-94
Details  Full text ( 929 KB)

Pope Pius II’s charter of donation of the arm of St John the Baptist to Siena cathedral
Joksimović Milena
Zograf, 2017 (41):95-105
Details  Full text ( 631 KB)

Bezirana kilisesi (Cappadoce). Un exceptionnel décor paléologue en terres de Rūm. Nouveau témoignage sur les relations entre Byzance et le sultanat
Jolivet-Lévy Catherine
Zograf, 2017 (41):107-142
Details  Full text ( 5675 KB)

Figures of mounted warrior saints in medieval Crete. The representation of the equestrian Saint George “Thalassoperatis” at Diavaide in Heraklion
Bormpoudaki Maria
Zograf, 2017 (41):143-156
Details  Full text ( 1848 KB)

Relief panels on a three-light window from Lesnovo. Proposing an interpretation of the semiotics of carved motifs
Gabelić Smiljka
Zograf, 2017 (41):157-168
Details  Full text ( 829 KB)

Ikone iz Kostura slikara Jovana iz Gramoste
Cigaridas Eftimios N.
Zograf, 2017 (41):169-188
Details  Full text ( 4253 KB)

The synthronon and locus inferior (αρχιερατικός θρόνος) of the metropolitan of Požega. Liturgical furniture and wall paintings of the Orahovica Monastery
Radujko Milan
Zograf, 2017 (41):189-212
Details  Full text ( 2695 KB)

Specific research of Serbian Byzantine influence in Poland. Frescoes in the Monastery in Supraśl
Matanović Velimir
Zograf, 2017 (41):213-226
Details  Full text ( 1673 KB)

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

CPAC to Consider New MOU's with Jordan and Chile

On April 1, 2019, the U.S. Cultural Property Advisory Committee will consider proposed MOU's and associated import restrictions with the Kingdom of  Jordan and the Republic of Chile.Please consider commenting before the March 25, 2019 close.  

More about the CPAC meeting, including a public summary of the Jordanian request, can be found here.

To comment, click on the blue "Comment Now" button here.  If that does not work, paste this address into your web browser and try:

The State Department Cultural Heritage Center's updated website provides much better information than in the past about what CPAC considers before recommending import restrictions.  This information may be accessed here.

To the extent possible, members of the public should try to comment on these factors.  Collectors and members of the trade should particularly be well placed to discuss how import restrictions negatively impact the study and appreciation of the history and culture of Jordan and Chile, and the people to people contacts collecting fosters.

The prospect of import restrictions on ancient Jordanian and Colonial and Republican era coins from Chile also raise specific factors that should be addressed.

Ancient Jordan was part of much larger Empires.  Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic coins minted elsewhere also circulated in Jordan, but we cannot assume all such coins-- or even a substantial percentage of them-- were found there.

Even more "local issues" circulated regionally outside of Jordan.  For example, the coins of the Nabatean Kings would have circulated  throughout their kingdom, which included parts of modern day Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Palestine and Israel.  Moreover, later Greek Imperial coins of the Decapolis also likely circulated throughout the area, which included Israel and Syria.

There is a threshold issue of whether Chilean coins meet the definition of "archaeological" or "ethnological" objects that are a predicate for them to be restricted. Coins struck in the 17th century and later are likely never to have been buried in the ground.  Moreover, as products of what were then considered modern industrial processes, one would be hard pressed to consider them "ethnological objects."

It is also difficult to assume coin types that circulated within Chile were found there.  Chile also was part of a much larger Spanish Empire that issued similar coins from multiple mints intended not only for use throughout that Empire but as trade coins.  These trade coins were also used extensively in the United States (where they were legal tender until 1857) and Asia, particularly China.  Even after Chile broke away from Spain, it struck similar trade coins that again ciruclated as far away as Asia and the United States.  So once again, it is impossible to assume that such coins were found in Chile.

Update 3/14/19:  The State Department has released a public summary of Chile's request.  It is focused on Pre-Columbian archaeological objects. One issue that should be noted is whether import restrictions may be placed on fossils because Chilean law includes paleontological material as a subset of archaeological material. The Chilean Public Summary can be found here.

The Archaeology News Network

Neanderthal flint knapping site discovered in the southern Poland

Researchers discovered a Neanderthal flint knapping site in Pietraszyno (Silesia). According to scientists, it is the first such large knapping site in Central Europe that was not located in a cave. So far, researchers have counted 17,000 stone products created some 60,000 years ago. Credit: A. WiśniewskiNeanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) were very close relatives of contemporary man (Homo sapiens). They probably appeared in Poland...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Зборник радова Византолошког института - Zbornik radova Vizantološkog instituta

[First posted in AWOL 29 September 2010, updated 14 March 2019]

Зборник радова Византолошког института - Zbornik radova Vizantološkog instituta
ISBN: 0584-9888
eISSN: 2406-0917 

Founded in 1948, the Institute of Byzantine Studies is the only scientific centre in Serbia pursuing research in Byzantine studies. Until now, it has published 37 volumes of the periodical Zbornik radova Vizantološkog instituta (ZRVI). The majority of published articles covering following topics: History of Byzantium and Byzantine-South-Slavic Relations, Byzantine Sources for the History of Yugoslav Peoples, Byzantine Literature and the Medieval Greek Language, Byzantine and post-Byzantine Art.
Leo I, ethnic politics and the beginning of Justin I’s career
Kaldellis Anthony
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):9-17
Details  Full text ( 131 KB)
Slawische musikanten vom ende des westlichen Ozeans
Koder Johannes
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):19-28
Details  Full text ( 184 KB)
The „Testament“ of St. Theodore the Studite as an apology of the Orthodoxy of the Holy fathers from Gaza Barsanuphius the Great and Abba Dorotheos
Stojanović Aleksandar
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):29-43
Details  Full text ( 212 KB)
On the status of the Vlachs of Hellas in the theme system
Cvetković Miloš
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):45-64
Details  Full text ( 225 KB)
Nochmals zum cursus honorum des Konstantinos, des neffen des Patriarchen Michael I. (Kerullarios)
Wassiliou-Seibt Alexandra-Kyriaki
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):65-80
Details  Full text ( 199 KB)
Leichoudes’ pronoia of the Mangana
Lauritzen Frederick
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):81-96
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The dispute between Theophylact, the archbishop of Ohrid, and the Paroikos Lazarus: An example of “state interventionism” during Byzantine emperor Alexios i Komnenos’s reign (1081-1118)
Filiposki Toni
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):97-106
Details  Full text ( 160 KB)
The Byzantine processional cross from Župa dubrovačka
Lupis Vinicije B., Milanović Ljubomir
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):107-126
Details  Full text ( 4083 KB)
Prolegomenes a l’Edition critique de la version Grecque du manuscrit d’Iviron de Barlaam et Joasaph (cod. Athon. Iviron 463)
Egedi-Kovacs Emese
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):127-140
Details  Full text ( 196 KB)
The Byzantine and Hungarian Syrmia in the 10th–13th centuries
Komatina Ivana, Komatina Predrag
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):141-164
Details  Full text ( 242 KB)
Die privilegienurkunden Kaiser Alexios’ III. Angelos fur das Chilandar-Kloster (1198, 1199): Palaographisch-diplomatisches resumee im kontext der urkunden der Angeloi-Kaiser
Gastgeber Christian
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):165-178
Details  Full text ( 209 KB)
Omitting regulations on alienation, repentance, lament and contemplation in the final lessons of the first chapter of St. Sava’s Studenica Typikon
Rakićević Tihon, Arhimandrit, Anđelković Maja M., Stojanović Aleksandar
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):179-199
Details  Full text ( 310 KB)
Appoiting the heir’s heir and family trust (fideicommissum) in Byzantine legal sources
Matović Tamara
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):201-214
Details  Full text ( 210 KB)
Παρατηρhσεισ για τον «Kαθολικον απογραφeα» Ιωaννη Βατaτζη
Hadziantonu Elisavet
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):215-232
Details  Full text ( 251 KB)
The co-rulership of John V Palaiologos
Pavlović Bojana
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):233-247
Details  Full text ( 190 KB)
A Chalkokondyles fragment from the Vaticanus Graecus 1890
Mészáros Támas
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):249-256
Details  Full text ( 168 KB)
Comparing Byzantine and Arabic poetry: Introductory remarks
Mavroudi Maria
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):257-270
Details  Full text ( 194 KB)
Semantra and bells in Byzantium
Miljković Bojan
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):271-303
Details  Full text ( 25553 KB)
Byzantinistik, Historische Geographie und Ethnographie in dem konigreich Jugoslavien an dem beispiel des professors Milenko S. Filipović und der Philosophischen Fakultat in Skoplje (1925–1940)
Popović Mihailo St., Nikić Jelena
Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2018 (55):305-324
Details  Full text ( 1014 KB)

    The Archaeology News Network

    Rare inscription in Greek uncovered in archaeological excavations in the Negev

    A 1700-year old stone bearing a Greek inscription referring to the name of the city of Elusa (Hebrew: Halutza) has been discovered in archaeological excavations in Halutza National Park in the Negev. The excavations in the ancient city of Elusa are part of a project directed by Prof. Michael Heinzelmann on behalf of the University of Cologne in cooperation with Dr. Tali Erickson-Gini on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority​....

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    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Fragmentation and Publication in Digital Archaeology 2

    It happens sometimes. I’m swamped by a painfully slow going paper, “Collaborative Digital Publishing in Archaeology” for the IEMA conference at the University of Buffalo next month.

    I wrote this today; it’s not very good, but it is what it is. I’m blaming the bomb cyclone.

    Historically archaeologists have modeled their work on industrial practices with authority typically following a clear hierarchy. In an overly simplified form, archaeological responsibilities and tasks define the roles of project directors, field directors, trench or team leaders, and diggers. This division of labor is designed, at least on one level, to facilitate efficient archaeological work and to produce specialized and precise data. This form of organization allowed for control over a project’s outcomes and the knowledge making process. The formal definition of the site and the recognition that archaeological work involved embodied knowledge reinforced the spatiality of archaeological knowledge making. The long-standing concern for provenience, for example, and the location of the physical archives of a site in a dig house or storeroom near the site’s location further reinforce the connection between space and archaeological work. The connection between the hierarchy of archaeological knowledge making and the spatiality of archaeological place evokes the factory floor (or the prison) and the processes of enclosure that defined regimes of control of the modern ara.

    Of course, this conceptualization of archaeological work has seen compelling challenges over the past 30 years. Shanks and McGuire argued that archaeology should return to its roots in craft practices as a way to challenge the industrial modes of archaeological knowledge making. McGuire’s radical efforts to create more a egalitarian and democratized archaeological project demonstrated the potential of such an approach in practice. A few radical projects in the U.K. have likewise sought to introduce democratic processes to field work (the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project (Faulkner 2000, 2009) cited by Morgan and Eddisford 2018). While these projects remain outliers, they demonstrate that the social organization of archaeological practice remains a topic of discussion and, to a lesser extent, experimentation for archaeologists. At the same time, Mary Leighton adopted an STS approach to understanding field work and argued that a certain amount of “black boxing” in archaeological practice masks a diversity of practices that are both more and less hierarchical than the formally reported results might suggest. Morgan and Eddisford (2018) have suggested that single context recording represents a far more decentralized and even anarchic method for producing archaeological knowledge.

    The critical attention that field practices (including methods, but also more mundane procedures and unspoken conventions) has shaped how scholars have approached the growing use of digital tools in archaeological knowledge making and their practical, disciplinary, and ideological significance of these changes. My interest in workflow and the rise of logistics in archaeological knowlege making traces a scholarly trajectory that understands the movement, use, and reuse of data in a digital medium as a key element to transforming the institutional landscape of archaeology. The ability to disseminate data from the field, for example, and to repurpose that data for online publication through platforms like OpenContext demonstrates how the fluidity of the contemporary workflow is already challenging the barriers between fieldwork and publishing.

    In 2014, a colleague and I founded the Digital Press at the University of North Dakota. The goal of this project involved leverage digital tools enter into the world of academic publishing and to experiment with the potential for these digital tools to challenge the structure of the publishing process. Our current publishing model is extremely fluid, but follows certain relatively consistent conventions. First, we use digital tools to produce and distribute our books at a low cost using print-on-demand printing for paper books and PDF downloads on a low cost website running WordPress. Second, We publish mainly under various open access licenses. Finally, we collaborate closely with authors on all aspects of a publishing process.

    AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

    Annotated Turki Manuscripts from the Jarring Collection Online

    The project Annotated Turki Manuscripts from the Jarring Collection Online is an effort to provide better access for the public to materials in the Central Asian manuscripts collected by a number of Swedish scholars and donated by Prof. (and Ambassador) Gunnar Jarring to the Lund University Library in Sweden. The project is directed by Prof. Arienne M. Dwyer and Dr. C. M. Sperberg-McQueen.

    We focus on non-translated manuscripts written in the the late Chaghatay language of the southern Tarim Basin, in what is today Xinjiang. In partnership with Lund University Library, our aim is to scan many more manuscripts than are currently available; to transcribe a large portion of these, and to provide additional linguistic annotation and translations for select manuscripts. The project also aims to create a digital edition of one manuscript.

    The project began in early 2015; in the course of the project period (2015-2018) we scanned selected manuscripts, then made and will continue to make transcriptions of selected scans, and linguistic annotation of select transcriptions available on this site.

    The project has been funded in part by the Henry Luce Foundation.

    URL: Special thanks to Robin Dougherty.

    See also: Alphabetical List of Open Access Islamic Manuscripts Collections

    The Archaeology News Network

    700-year-old well-preserved lacquer coffin discovered in Jiangsu

    A rare, well-preserved lacquer coffin dating back to the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368) has been unearthed in east China's Jiangsu Province, local authorities said Thursday. Credit: Sohu.comChangzhou Museum said a tomb group was recently found at a construction site in Tangling Village in the city of Changzhou, where a coffin, looking like a freshly-painted one, was unearthed. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); "We...

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    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Monograph Series: Oriental Institute Publications (OIP)

     [First posted in AWOL 12 September 2015, updated 14 March 2019]

    Oriental Institute Publications (OIP)
    ISSN: 0069-3367

    For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

    The Archaeology News Network

    New study finds evidence of Neanderthal cannibalism and mobile modern humans driving mammoths to extinction

    A new international study indicates that Neanderthals and early modern humans probably had very similar diets, contradicting the assumption that Neanderthals died out because their diet was insufficiently varied. But modern humans may have had an advantage because they were more mobile and had better connections over longer distances, according to a team headed by Dr. Christoph Wißing at the University of Tübingen. Bones from Spy...

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    Diet-induced changes favour innovation in speech sounds

    Diet-induced changes in the human bite resulted in new sounds such as "f" in languages all over the world, a study by an international team led by researchers at the University of Zurich has shown. The findings contradict the theory that the range of human sounds has remained fixed throughout human history. Milling grain meant less wear and tear on neolithic teeth, which had other effects on language [Credit: Juan...

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    Unique diversity of the genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula revealed

    An international team of researchers have analyzed ancient DNA from almost 300 individuals from the Iberian Peninsula, spanning more than 12,000 years, in two studies published in Current Biology and Science. The first study looked at hunter-gatherers and early farmers living in Iberia between 13,000 and 6000 years ago. The second looked at individuals from the region during all time periods over the last 8000 years. Together, the two...

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    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    New from the Oriental Institute: OIP 142. The Great Hypostyle Hall in the Temple of Amun at Karnak

    OIP 142. The Great Hypostyle Hall in the Temple of Amun at Karnak

    OIP142-Great-Hypostyle-Hall-part3-9781614910275.jpgBy Peter J. Brand, Rosa Erika Feleg, and William J. Murnane

    Standing at the heart of Karnak Temple, the Great Hypostyle Hall is a forest of 134 giant sandstone columns enclosed by massive walls. Sety I built the Great Hypostyle Hall ca. 1300 BCE and decorated the northern wing with exquisite bas reliefs. After his death, his successor Ramesses II completed the southern wing mostly in sunk relief. This volume provides full translation, epigraphic analysis, and photographic documentation of the elaborate wall reliefs inside the Hall. This vast trove of ritual art and texts attest to the richness and vitality of Egyptian civilization at the height of its imperial power. The present volume builds upon and serves as a companion to an earlier volume of drawings of the wall scenes made by Harold H. Nelson in the 1950s and edited for publication by William J. Murnane in 1981. 

    Table of Contents, part 2 (translation and commentary)

    List of Symbols and Abbreviations

    List of Plans



    1. Constructing and Decorating the Great Hypostyle Hall

    2. The Character and Chronology of the Relief Decoration of Sety I and Ramesses II in the Great Hypostyle Hall

    3. General Characteristics of Nelson’s Drawings

    4. Translation and Commentary

    West Wall, Gateway (Plates 1–4, 41 left, 131–34, 262)

    West Wall, South Wing (Plates 5–41)

    South Wall (Plates 42–87)

    South Wall, West Wing (Plates 42–53)

    South Wall, Gateway (Plates 54–61, 87)

    South Wall, East Wing (Plates 62–79, 80–86)

    East Wall, South Wing (Plates 88–109, 130)

    West Wall, North Wing (Plates 135–70)

    North Wall (Plates 171–201)

    North Wall, West Wing (Plates 171–81)

    North Wall, East Wing (Plates 188–201)

    North Wall, Gateway (Plates 182–87)

    East Wall, North Wing (Plates 202–32)

    Vestibule of the Third Pylon (Plates 110–30 + 261, 233–57 + 265)

    Eastern Vestibule, North Wing (Plates 233–57, 265)

    Eastern Vestibule, South Wing (Plates 110–30, 261)


    Appendix A: Color on the Hieroglyphs

    Appendix B: Cartouches and Horus Names

    Appendix C: Protection Formulae

    Table of Contents, part 3 (figures and plates)

    List of Figures

    List of Plates

    Figures 1–373

    Plates 1–265

    • Oriental Institute Publications 142
    • Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2019
    • ISBN 978-1-61491-027-5
    • Part 2: pp. xvi + 432; Part 3: pp. xxiv + 328
    • 373 figures (some in color); 265 plates; 15 plans
    • Hardback, 9” x 11.75”
    • $99.95 (includes both part 2 [translation and commentary] and part 3 [figures and plates])

    For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

    AIA Fieldnotes

    4A Laboratory: Art Histories, Archaeologies, Anthropologies, Aesthetics

    Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
    Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut
    April 15, 2019

    4A Laboratory: Art Histories, Archaeologies, Anthropologies, Aesthetics

    The Berlin-based research and fellowship program "4A Laboratory: Art Histories, Archaeologies, Anthropologies, Aesthetics" invites scholars to apply for up to two doctoral and six postdoctoral fellowships for the academic year 2019/2020.

    Deadline for submissions: 15 April 2019

    Contact Name: 
    4A Laboratory

    The Archaeology News Network

    Sea otters' tool use leaves behind distinctive archaeological evidence

    An international team of researchers has analyzed the use by sea otters of large, shoreline rocks as "anvils" to break open shells, as well as the resulting shell middens. The researchers used ecological and archaeological approaches to identify patterns that are characteristic of sea otter use of such locations. By looking at evidence of past anvil stone use, scientists could better understand sea otter habitat use. Wild sea otter at...

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    Jim Davila (

    Halutza ("Elusa") inscription

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    The Archaeology News Network

    Sources and Sinks: Tectonics trigger Earth's ice ages

    For the entire history of our species, humans have lived on a planet capped by a chunk of ice at each pole. But Earth has been ice-free for about 75 percent of the time since complex life first appeared. This variation in background climate, between partly glaciated and ice-free, has puzzled geologists for decades. Over the last 540 million years, as the Earth’s tectonic plates have shifted, researchers have found that periods of...

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    Jim Davila (

    Pi Day 2019

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    Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

    Mésambria : les monnaies romaines

    Zhekov, G. (2018) : Монетосеченето на Тракия (І–ІІІ в.): Месамбрия / Monetosecheneto na Trakija (І–ІІІ v.): Mesambrija, Sofia, [Monnayage de Thrace (I-III c.): Mésambria]. Ce petit ouvrage présente 150 monnaies qui correspondent aux différentes productions de cette cité durant l’époque … Lire la suite