Potamos: Digital Antiquity Data

http://planet.atlantides.org/potamos

Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

September 15, 2019

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-E7A857 SCRAPER (TOOL) PALAEOLITHIC

Middle Palaeolithic flint end scraper.Made on a flint nodule, heavily patinated. Invasive, abrupt, scaler retouch at one end to create the scraper. The opposing end has received some similar attention. A small break shows how thick the patination/recortication is.

LEIC-E79722 LITHIC IMPLEMENT PALAEOLITHIC

Palaeolithic flint lithic implement: multiple tool.Made on a very large tertiary blade, very light cream opaque patina. No platform present although there is a break. Not blade technology. Opposing orthogonal dorsal scars have created a central ridge. Both lateral edges have long, scaler retouch to create a scraping edge on the right and a denticulated edge on the left. On the right the retouch is all inverse, semi-abrupt and low-angle, and on the left the retouch is alternating, abrupt and low angle, Either Middle or Upper Palaeolithic but cannot be dated with certainty.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-E7833E LITHIC IMPLEMENT PALAEOLITHIC

Palaeolithic chert lithic implement: multiple tool.Made on a broken flake, with some re-cortication and opaque patination. Chert is light mottled browns and greys with some iron staining. Denticulations along both lateral edges. The distal end has an awl fashioned by notching on either side. The ventral face has been flaked. Piece appears to be Middle Palaeolithic but Neolithic cannot be ruled out.

LEIC-E770E3 LITHIC IMPLEMENT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint blade, mottled mid-brownish-grey opaque patina. Very diffuse bulb and tiny facetted butt. Parallel dorsal ridges, controlled technology.

LEIC-E76525 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, mid-brown opaque patina. Butt located on bottom left edge. Some short, semi-abrupt, scaler retouch on the base and the right has been slightly notched for hafting, Broken tip, possibly impact damage.

LEIC-E75A48 LITHIC IMPLEMENT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint blade, mid-brownish-grey semi-translucent patina. Radial dorsal scars. Small ventral notch present on the left edge created by semi-abrupt, short, parallel retouch. Distal end has some minor, short, abrupt, scaler retouch to create the piercer.

LEIC-E74D52 SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint side-and-end scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid-brown opaque patina. Central ridge on dorsal face created by unidirectional removals. Distal end retouched (abrupt, sub-parallel). Left edge has been retouched near the distal end (semi-abrupt, sub-parallel, short) and the right edge has also been partially retouched towards the proximal end (long, low angle, parallel).

LEIC-E7421B SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint double side-and-end scraper.Made on a broken flint piece, dark brown opaque patina. Retouched on left and distal end (invasive, abrupt, scaler and parallel) and on right edge (short, abrupt, scaler).

LEIC-E731C5 FLAKE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic retouched flint flake.Tertiary flint flake, light greyish-brown opaque patina. A square flake, orthogonal dorsal scars, dihedral butt. Platform created on orthogonal flake scar. Some retouch on the distal end: alternating, scaler, low-angle (ventral) and abrupt (right).

LEIC-E7263C CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint opposed-platform core.Made on flint, mottled light greys and browns. Bi-directional blade technology, struck from three faces.

LEIC-E71808 LITHIC IMPLEMENT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint blade, light grey opaque patina. Piercer created by abrupt, scaler retouch against a truncation.

LEIC-E70C36 BLADE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint blade.Made on flint, dark brown opaque patina. Unidirectional dorsal scars, hinged on distal end. Unretouched.

LEIC-E701E1 SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint double-ended scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina. Proximal end has long, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel retouch. Distal end has invasive, parallel and short scaler, abrupt retouch.

LEIC-E6F407 BLADE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint blade.Tertiary flint blade, light brownish-grey opaque patina. Bi-directional dorsal scars, unretouched.

LEIC-E6E944 LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: notch.Made on flint, very light brownish-cream opaque patina. Tertiary blade, plain butt, hard-hammer struck, unidirectional technology. Denticulated notch on right edge with abrupt, scaler retouch. Also some low angle, scaler, long, inverse on left edge, slightly denticulated.

NMS-E6D85D BUCKLE MEDIEVAL

Incomplete medieval copper alloy buckle: rectangular or trapezoidal frame surviving only as a round-sectioned bar with stumps of the sides; pin missing; trapezoidal sheet plate with pin slot and with sides tapering from the fold to a rivet hole which is truncated by a break. Cf. Egan and Pritchard 1991, nos. 434-6. Extant length of plate 28mm, width 10.5 - 7.9mm. Second half 14th century.

LEIC-E6D7E7 DENTICULATE UNKNOWN

Undated flint denticulate.Made on a large tertiary flint flake, mid-brown opaque patina. Struck from a multi-directional core. Abrupt, scaler retouch to denticulate on left, right and distal, although distal end also has some ventral, low angle, scaler, short retouch.

LEIC-E6CA65 BLADE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint flake blade.Made on flint, light brownish-grey opaque patina. Orthogonal technology, plain butt, pronounced bulb.

NMS-E6A704 BUCKLE MEDIEVAL

Medieval gilt sheet copper alloy buckle plate, trapezoidal, tapering from the fold towards the outside edge, with a pin slot, frame recesses, an engraved wavy line from one side to the other behind the fold, and five rivet holes, one near the engraved line retaining a convex-headed rivet and two near the inside edge with flat-headed rivets. Very little gilding has survived. Length 34mm. Width 22.2 - 20mm. Much smaller rear part, length 18mm, width 16.2mm. 13th - 14th century

LEIC-E69364 BLADE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint blade.Made on flint, mid-greyish-brown opaque patina. Broken blade. Hinge fracture on distal end. Plain butt, unidirectional blade technology.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Finalization merge of branch 'HGV_metadata/2019/01/14/mgerhardt/2018/…

Finalization merge of branch 'HGV_metadata/2019/01/14/mgerhardt/2018/12/18/SoSOL_2018_662' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - created HGV and encoded text from edition. (Marius Gerhardt)
 - Vote - HGVAccept - Fine (James Cowey)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine (James Cowey)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/basp;49;74'

Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/basp;49;74'

Rename DDbDP Text from 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sosol;2018;0664' (DDB_EpiDo…

Rename DDbDP Text from 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sosol;2018;0664' (DDB_EpiDoc_XML/sosol/sosol.2018/sosol.2018.0664.xml) to 'papyri.info/ddbdp/basp;49;74' (DDB_EpiDoc_XML/basp/basp.49/basp.49.74.xml)

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Entered BASP 49 (2012) 74 HGV and Text

Entered BASP 49 (2012) 74 HGV and Text

 - Created from SoSOL template

Signed-off-by: James Cowey <james.cowey@urz.uni-heidelberg.de>

Finalization merge of branch 'HGV_metadata/2019/01/14/SusanFogarty/20…

Finalization merge of branch 'HGV_metadata/2019/01/14/SusanFogarty/2018/12/18/SoSOL_2018_664' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - Entered BASP 49 (2012) 74 HGV and Text (Susan Fogarty)
 - Vote - HGVAccept - Fine (James Cowey)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

September 14, 2019

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Aequana

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 F4 Aequana

Sirenae, T.

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 F4 Sirenae, T.

Minori

Minori is the site of a major villa located on the Amalfi coast, some 11 km WSW of Salerno. Destroyed by a possible landslide, the villa was in use from the Iulio-Claudian period through to the Flavian period.

Lactarius (mountain)

A mountain ridge of Campania that is a spur branching off of the Apennines. Many Roman villas in this vicinity were preserved by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-D16AED ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint tanged arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina. Butt end worked into a wide-angled tip. The distal end (base) is truncated to form a squared tang and retouched and notched either side for hafting (short, abrupt and low-angle, stepped).

LEIC-D15F4B CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint multi-platform core.Made on flint, patinated differently all over. Three identifiable platforms from various directions to remove unidirectional bladelets.

LEIC-D1510B LITHIC IMPLEMENT PALAEOLITHIC

Lower to Middle Palaeolithic flint lithic implement: notch.A rolled gravel flake, patinated mid and light brown and opaque. Notch created by denticulated retouch. A good example of a small flaked tool of probably Palaeolithic date. Some retouch is present near the notch and these areas are patinated in the lighter brown, suggesting the flake is far older and was collected in the gravels, It is not possible tp accurately date the notch but the flake is Middle Palaeolithic at the latest.

LEIC-D139A5 AWL MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint awl.Small tertiary flint flake, light mottled-grey opaque patina. Butt abruptly removed. Retouched on right edge (inverse, short, semi-abrupt, stepped). Tip retouched and abrupt shaping on the right.

LEIC-D12E1B ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a broken tertiary flint flake, mid-grey opaque patina. Butt on bottom right corner. Entire left edge is a hinge termination, truncated right straight edge. Base notched for hafting.

LEIC-D1205E CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint opposed-platform core.Small, single-faced, opposed-platform core with cortex on reverse. Light cream and grey opaque patina, blade and bladelet technology.

LEIC-D114A3 CORE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint core.Flint core, mottled mid-grey opaque patina. Lots of impurities and some iron-staining. Bladed technology.

LEIC-D106C9 BLADE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint snapped blade.Made on a secondary blade, light grey opaque patina. Snapped and prepared with microburin technique for further snap but probably abandoned.

LEIC-D0F9DB LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint blade, light speckled-cream opaque patina. The distal end is retouched to form the piercer: short, low-angle on the left and abrupt on the right, scaler.

LEIC-D0EBEE BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD BRONZE AGE

Bronze Age flint barbed and tanged arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina. Butt on the base, left edge is a step-fracture from the original removal. Right edge retouched (short, inverse, low angle, stepped), lower left retouched to create barb and tang (crossed). Right side notched, creating the barb.

LEIC-D0DF38 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mottled light and mid- browns with some light cream. Tip broken, possibly impact damage. The base has been abruptly retouched to form a hollow and a pointed barb on the right. The right edge is also retouched (inverse, semi-abrupt, stepped).

LEIC-D0D1FF FLAKE UNKNOWN

Undated flint flake.Small tertiary flint flake, light mottled-brown opaque patina. Plain butt, radial scars.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-D0C545 SCRAPER (TOOL) MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint side-scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey and mid blue patina, still slightly translucent. Abrupt, sub-parallel retouch along the left edge. Some use-wear also identified on the right so may have been a cutting edge.

LANCUM-D0BCD7 COIN ROMAN

Roman silver denarius of Trajan, dating to AD 103 - 111. Obverse of right-facing laureate head: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM [...]. Reverse of Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae: COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC. The coin is 19.0mm in diameter, 2.41mm in thickness and weighs 2.75g.

LEIC-D0B88E ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a re-used flint flake, mid greyish-blue opaque patina. Retouched abruptly and finely on either edge to produce a sharp tip. The base has been truncated later and is patinated differently, being a mid-grey semi-translucent colour. Dorsal scars are mainly unidirectional with a single orthogonal.

LEIC-D0AB10 MICROLITH MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint microlith.Made on a tertiary flint flake, very light cream and blue opaque patina. Poor quality material. Broken flake. Some abrupt flaking has serrated the edge in parts. The concave right edge is a hinge fracture, the butt on mid left truncated and flaked away.

LEIC-D09E68 AWL NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint awl.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid mottled brownish-grey opaque patina. Orthogonal dorsal scars. Notched and abruptly retouched side-by-side on the distal end to produce a piercer.

LEIC-D0855E ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, dark brownish-grey semi-translucent patina. A truncated flake of which the right side is the distal end. The straight edge of the break is along the left, base flaked to thin for hafting. Tip retouched (abrupt, crossed).

LEIC-D09208 LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint flake, very light cream and brown opaque patina. Bi-directional dorsal scars. Notched on the right edge near the platform (inverse, semi-abrupt, stepped, short) to produce a piercer on the platform. Also a notch on the left.

LEIC-D0778E FLAKE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic broken flint flake.Broken secondary flake, light blue and mid-greyish-blue opaque patina though mid-grey across the break. The break appears to have a small concave area of retouch so this is potentially evidence of the microburin technique.

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Pagus Disaenius

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 40 B2 Pagus Disaenius

Pagus Veneriensis

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 32 C4 Pagus Veneriensis

Aprusculani Pagus/Aprusc Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Aprusc(ulani) Pagus

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Pagus Laebactium?

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 19 E3 Pagus Laebactium?

Caelanus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Caelanus Pagus

Romanus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Romanus Pagus

Ligustinus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Ligustinus Pagus

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/14/mgerha…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/14/mgerhardt/2019/05/31/P.Lips._1_10' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - added orthographic regularization (could also be regarded as a typo) in col. ii l. 4 (Marius Gerhardt)
 - Vote - ReturnToSender - See the comment on p. 43 referring to Wilcken, APF 1, p. 125 with a brief discussion of ἀπὸ ἐπιγραφῆϲ καὶ ἀλίφαδοϲ (for ἀλείφατοϲ) meaning "ohne Ausstreichen (resp. Abwischen) und Hinzuschreiben". (Thomas Backhuys)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - [ἀλει]φάδος is correct, but has to be recorded not as a regularization but as a correction to the edition's [ἀλί]φαδος. See the discussion of the term in ZPE 130 (2000) 175-82, with a brief mention of the passage on p. 186, listed under - - ἀλειφάδος - -. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/14/NinaS/…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/14/NinaS/2019/09/03/SB_12_11084' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Commit - the docket on the verso is on two lines (please, check the image and the editions), so I changed it (Nina S)
 - Submit - there was an error in the line division on the verso, so I changed it; thank you (Nina S)
 - Vote - AcceptText - Correctly divided but use correct lb break encoding. Almost certain that it is a rho-cross, not a chirho at the beginning of the line. (James Cowey)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - rho-cross also in ed. pr. (https://grbs.library.duke.edu/article/viewFile/8841/4655) (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Apollinaris Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Apollinaris Pagus

Lanita Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Lanita Pagus

Myttianus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Myttianus Pagus

Agrifanus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Agrifanus Pagus

Capricolanus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Capricolanus Pagus

September 13, 2019

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - Updated lin1 after BL XII 269. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

Updated lin1 after BL XII 269.

Updated lin1 after BL XII 269.


Signed-off-by: Nikolaos Gonis <nikolaosgonis@googlemail.com>

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - lin1 *chirho* => *rho-cross* || lin1&10 ὑ(¨)- incorrectly combined with reg || lin10 <#ϛ=6#> =>  <#ἓξ=6#> (as in pap. & ed.) || lin12 => ὑ(¨)πὲρ|| lin13 => ἀπολυθῇ || lin20 entered BL corr. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine, I hope. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

lin1 *chirho* => *rho-cross* || lin1&10 ὑ(¨)- incorrectly combined wi…

lin1 *chirho* => *rho-cross* || lin1&10 ὑ(¨)- incorrectly combined with reg || lin10 <#ϛ=6#> =>  <#ἓξ=6#> (as in pap. & ed.) || lin12 => ὑ(¨)πὲρ|| lin13 => ἀπολυθῇ || lin20 entered BL corr.


Signed-off-by: Nikolaos Gonis <nikolaosgonis@googlemail.com>

tDar: The Digital Archaeological Record

POLLEN AND STARCH ANALYSES ON SEDIMENT SAMPLES FROM SITES SIHP #50-80-10-8820 AND SIHP #50-80-10-0343, KANE‘OHE, KO‘OLAUPOKO DISTRICT, O‘AHU, HAWAI‘I

The Kahanahou WWPS Upgrade and Sewer Improvements Project area in Kāne‘ohe, which includes Site SIHP #50-80-10-0343 and SIHP #50-80-10-8820, is located in the district of Ko‘olaupoko on the windward (ko‘olau) side of O‘ahu. Site SIHP #50-80-10-0343 represents the Kalokohanahou Fishpond, a loko kuapā (fishpond with seawalls) likely in use by the 14th century (if not earlier) and filled in the 1940s for residential development (G. Farley, personal communication, 3 June 2019; Kikuchi 1972:9,213). SIHP #50-80-10-8820 represents a stratum of either agricultural fields or natural alluvium. Sediment samples from both sites were submitted for pollen analysis. All samples also were analyzed for starches. Pollen analysis of the sample from Site SIHP #50-80-10-0343 seeks to identify the vegetative environment of Kalokohanahou Fishpond prior to 1940, while the remaining analyses look to determine whether SIHP #50-80-10-8820 represents culturally modified agricultural fields or unmodified alluvial sediments.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

NMS-BD9277 BUCKLE POST MEDIEVAL

Post-medieval copper alloy asymmetrical buckle frame, one loops oval with trilobed knop on the edge and the other rectangular, cf. DENO-D29E91, IOW-517486 and WREX-068E0E. There are four very subtle moulded grooves on the straight edge. Length 18.1mm, width 12.4mm. c.1575 - c.1700.

NMS-BD6013 BUCKLE MEDIEVAL

Medieval copper alloy double-looped buckle frame, both loops oval, with a shallow pin notch on the outside edge, length 25.5mm, width 18.9mm, mid 14th - 15th century.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-BC5262 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, light cream, mid-grey and brown opaque patina. Butt on the base, orthogonal scars. Naturally a D-shaped piece after the flake was removed, hence minimal modification. Some very fine, abrupt, scaler, minimal retouch on left edge towards the tip.

LEIC-BC4721 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light cream and mid-orange-brown opaque patina. Orthogonal dorsal scars, truncated to shape and create the tip.

LEIC-BC3EA9 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light brownish-cream opaque patina. Butt located on the base. Every side has been abruptly retouched (sub-parallel) to create a serrated edge. Sharp tip created by some ventral, low-angle, scaler retouch on the left. Unidirectional dorsal scars with central ridge.

LEIC-BC32D9 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint tanged arrowhead.Made on a small tertiary flake, light greyish-blue opaque patina. Single orthogonal dorsal scar. Truncated to shape.

LEIC-BC284A SCRAPER (TOOL) MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint end scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, very light creamy-grey opaque patina. Retouched distal end (long, semi-abrupt, parallel) is continuously retouched round on the right edge where there is an indented notch (long, scaler, abrupt). Possibly a hafted tool.

LEIC-BC1CF1 BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD BRONZE AGE

Bronze Age flint barbed and tanged arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Convex left edge and concave right edge created by abrupt, sub-parallel (left) and parallel (right) retouch. Base pressure-flaked, notched and abruptly retouched to produce tang with a single squared barb on left. Butt positioned on the right where a secondary barb should be.

LEIC-BC10B7 SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint button or thumbnail scraper.Made on a secondary flint flake, dark greyish-brown semi-translucent colour. Orthogonal dorsal scars, distal end retouched (long, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel).

LEIC-BC03DC AWL NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint awl.Broken primary flint flake, dark brownish-grey semi-translucent colour. Proximal end truncated and the lateral slightly notched to produce a small awl. Small area of partial, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel, short, retouch on the distal end.

LEIC-BBF809 LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a secondary flint flake, light and mid-grey opaque patina. Proximal end truncated and flaked to produce piercer.

LEIC-BBC02D LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid-grey opaque patina. Proximal end abruptly flaked and retouched into a piercer.

LEIC-BBE8B6 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid greyish-brown and dark blue opaque patina. Truncated across the proximal end to create an oblique tip. Base notched and retouched on each lateral to produce a tang (left: low angle, inverse, stepped, long; right: abrupt, crossed, stepped).

LEIC-BBB4D7 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint petit tranchet arrowhead.Made on a broken tertiary flake, light grey opaque patina. Distal end truncated then abruptly retouched. All other edges abruptly retouched to shape.

LEIC-BBA7A0 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint tanged arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, very light bluish-cream opaque patina. Plain butt located on left base, tip created by abrupt flaking. Ventral notches on both laterals to produce tang.

LEIC-BB99CB LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on a tertiary chalky flint flake, light blue opaque patina. Butt on the base but flaked away, notch on the right edge. Slightly notched left of base. Tip is a hinge fracture angling to the right.

LEIC-BB8F11 LITHIC IMPLEMENT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint lithic implement: piercer.Made on a tertiary flint flake. Awl made on one end by abrupt, fine retouch and piercer on the other created by abrupt notching.

LEIC-BB84F7 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light mottled brownish-grey opaque patina. Truncated on the left to create the tip, abruptly flaked to shape the base.

LEIC-BB6C10 SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint end scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Plain butt, unidirectional dorsal scars. Distal end retouched (abrupt, long, sub-parallel).

LEIC-BB6012 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Platform on lower right edge, abruptly flaked and retouched all over to shape.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine (James Cowey)
 - Finalized - Ready. (James Cowey)

Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/zpe;188;242'

Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/zpe;188;242'

Rename DDbDP Text from 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sosol;2019;0546' (DDB_EpiDo…

Rename DDbDP Text from 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sosol;2019;0546' (DDB_EpiDoc_XML/sosol/sosol.2019/sosol.2019.0546.xml) to 'papyri.info/ddbdp/zpe;188;242' (DDB_EpiDoc_XML/zpe/zpe.188/zpe.188.242.xml)

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Ad Sponsas

Ad Sponsas was a road station on the Via Appia.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Entered publication from ZPE 188 (2014) p. 242

Entered publication from ZPE 188 (2014) p. 242

 - Created from SoSOL template

Signed-off-by: James Cowey <james.cowey@urz.uni-heidelberg.de>

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Untitled

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 43 D3 unnamed bridge (Ad Sponsas)

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Ancient Israelite Technology

Technology enabled ancient Israel, the Northern Kingdom excluding Judah, to be economically prosperous and establish itself as a major political power as early as the 10th century BCE, steadily growing until its destruction in 720 BCE. Some of the most important technologies evident in archaeological and literary records include, though are certainly not limited to, construction and architecture...

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Ponte di Mele

A Roman bridge along the Via Appia.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

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 - Submit - Entered publication from ZPE 188 (2014) p. 242 (Lajos Berkes)
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Pleiades: Recently Modified

Via Ostiensis

An ancient road running from Rome to Ostia, exiting the city walls of Rome at the Porta Trigemina.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

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Rename HGV Meta from 'papyri.info/hgv/SoSOL;2019;0167' (HGV_meta_EpiDoc/SoSOL/2019/0167.xml) to 'papyri.info/hgv/341737' (HGV_meta_EpiDoc/HGV342/341737.xml)

Entered publication from ZPE 188 (2014) p. 242

Entered publication from ZPE 188 (2014) p. 242

 - Created from SoSOL template

Signed-off-by: James Cowey <james.cowey@urz.uni-heidelberg.de>

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/13/simoei…

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Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/13/simoei…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/13/simoeis/2019/09/05/SB_20,_14877' into canonical master

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Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sb;20;14877'

Update header to reflect new identifier 'papyri.info/ddbdp/sb;20;14877'

Ancient History Encyclopedia

10 Years of Ancient History Encyclopedia

Ancient History Encyclopedia’s CEO Jan van der Crabben writes about the organization’s 10-year history. Ancient History Encyclopedia just turned ten! On 25 August 2009, we officially launched the Ancient History Encyclopedia website by submitting ancientopedia.com (its first domain) to search engines. We have come a long way and it has been an amazing journey for everyone involved...

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Vicus Bibiensium?

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 11 I4 Vicus Bibiensium?

[Vicus Aventia]

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 40 B3 [Vicus Aventia]

Vicus Alexandri

A settlement at the third milestone of the Via Ostiensis.

Vicus Baedorus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 26 unlocated Vicus Baedorus

Basoretensis Vicus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 21 unlocated Basoretensis Vicus

Vicus ‘Ver(gob)rittiani’

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus ‘Ver(gob)rittiani’

Vicus Siamus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 B5 Vicus Siamus

Vicus Clement(...)

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Clement(...)

Vicus ‘Bapeni’

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 A5 Vicus ‘Bapeni’

Vicus Longinopara

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 B5 Vicus Longinopara

Vicus Celeris

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Celeris

Vicus Scenopesis

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Scenopesis

Vicus *Scaptia

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus *Scaptia

Vicus *Ramidava

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus *Ramidava

Vicus Urb(...)

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Urb(...)

Vicus Petrus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Petrus

Vicus Novus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Novus

Vicus Hi(...)

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Hi(...)

Vicus Buteridavensis

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 F4 Vicus Buteridavensis

Vicus Trullensium

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 B5 Vicus Trullensium

Vicus Secundini

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Secundini

Vicus Narcissiani

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated *Vicus Narcissiani

Vicus (...)diano

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus (...)diano

Koryolen kome

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated *Koryolen kome

Perburdava

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Perburdava

Vicus Oual(...)

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Oual(...)

Maskiobrias

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated *Maskiobrias

Vicus Agatapara

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Agatapara

Vicus Parsal(...)

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Parsal(...)

Vicus Pereprus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Pereprus

Vicus Saprisara

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Saprisara

Vicus Tautiomosis

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 22 unlocated Vicus Tautiomosis

Spurianus Vicus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Spurianus Vicus

Vicus Petinus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 44 unlocated Vicus Petinus

Vicus Palatius

A district or small extra-urban settlement, mentioned in an inscription, that seems to have been connected with the Roman colonial foundation at Cales in Campania.

Vicus Esquilinus

Vicus Esquilinus is a district connected with Cales in Campania.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Fotos: Letzte Änderungen

F026042

Bad Homburg/Höhe ; AE: 1903, 0311.; CIL: 13, 07458.; other literature: CCCA 6, 051.

F023235

Bad Homburg/Höhe ; AE: 1903, 0311.; CIL: 13, 07458.; other literature: CCCA 6, 051.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Inschriften: Letzte Änderungen

HD080652 (Germania superior)

Iov[i] Amm[oni](?)

HD080651 (Germania superior)

Castor(i) / sacr(um) / Ti(berius) Iul(ius) / Sanct(i) / filius / Celsus / voto

HD080649 (Germania superior)

$]I[---] / [---]II Silvester / episcop(us) / qui vixit in pace / ann(os) XXXXVII et / mansit in episc(opatu) / ann(os) XXII Fl(avius) / [&

HD080631 (Germania superior)

D(is) [M(anibus)] // Ca[---]

HD072697 (Germania superior)

Leg(io) I Mar(tia)

HD072687 (Germania superior)

M(arcus) [---]us / Niger militi(!) / le[g(ionis) I a]diutr(icis) / domo Cla(udia) / Apro P(ublius) Dec(ius?) / Acutus ex / test(amento) her(es) mil(itavit) an(nos) IIII

HD072685 (Germania superior)

[------] / [------] / [------] / [---]O(?)[---]V(?)[---] / [---] Anien[si---] / [---]ius [---] / [---] mil(es) c(o)h(ortis) I Mo[nt(anorum)] / c(ivium) R(omanorum) |(centuria) Senecae a[nn(orum)] / XL stip(endiorum) XVIII hi[c] / situs est testa[m(ento)] / fieri iussit

HD068832 (Britannia)

XIII N(---)

HD068831 (Britannia)

[---] Aeli[---]

HD068829 (Britannia)

$]C TIS / [&

HD067181 (Germania superior)

C(aius) Allius C(ai) f(ilius) / Pom(ptina) Oriens / domo Dertona / |(centurio) leg(ionis) XIII gem(inae)

HD064431 (Dalmatia)

$](?) / [------] / [---]ONI requiem I[---] / [---]VA miseras [---] / [---]ATER[---] / [---]AL[---]

HD062573 (Germania superior)

D(eo) I(nvicto) M(ithrae) / pro salute Sexti / [Ma]eni Pudentis

HD062497 (Dalmatia)

Arca Q[ui]ntin[---] / [&?

HD062436 (Dalmatia)

Innocenti puero / Constantio qui / in ann(is) VIII caruit / minas saeculi / Barbas et Haera/clia(!) parentes

HD056713 (Dalmatia)

[Ur]sacianus ORI(?)A[---] / [---]S(?)E(?)S(?) tregen[ta ---] / [&?

HD050103 (Germania superior)

Matra/bus(!) sacr/um Oxia / Messori(s) / filia v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) / m(erito)

HD046232 (Germania superior)

Mas(sicum) / vet(us) / CCCC / MI[---]

HD044970 (Germania superior)

Casu/ri // Lap/ida // do/nav/it // Casu/ri me/o

HD031530 (Germania superior)

[Matri De]um in h(onorem) d(omus) d(ivinae) / pr[o in]c(olumitate) Imp(eratoris) Caes(aris) T(iti) Aeli / H[adr(iani)] Antonini Aug(usti) Pii p(atris) p(atriae) / [- An]ton(inus) Aemilianus |(centurio) leg(ionis) / [XXII] Pr(imigeniae) p(iae) f(idelis) pro se et suis / [aede]m subst(ravit?) et v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) a(nimo)

HD018330 (Dalmatia)

Varius Sabin(u)/s Salon(itanus) ex colle(gio) / fabro(rum) vivo sibi p/osuit

HD018327 (Dalmatia)

D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum) / T(itus) (A)el(ius) Pasiphilus {A}(?) Iuliae Gemell(a)e co(n)iugi bene merenti / se vivo fecit et sibi et Petronio Staphylo filio / h(oc) m(onumentum) h(eredem) n(on) s(equetur) / locus donatus a FAB aera proditio l(ongum) p(edes) octo / latum p(edes) q(u)att(u)or

HD007804 (Dalmatia)

$] / [---]VII(?)EB[---] / [---]VI(?)I(?)DE[---] / [&

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Publikationen: Letzte Änderungen

B015799

Bartels, J. - Hächler, N. - Aberson, M. - Frei-Stolba, R. - Kolb, A.: Epigraphica Helvetica. A: Publikationen zu in der Schweiz gefundenen Inschriften der Jahre 2013-2014.

September 12, 2019

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Zyrnas Maseli

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 34 unlocated Zyrnas Maseli

Vicus Aureli

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 34 unlocated Vicus Aureli

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-A7BF7A ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint tanged arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Platform on the left edge, oblique truncations to form the tip which has then been retouched (abrupt, scaler). Ventral notch on left side of the base to form the tang.

LEIC-A7B1E6 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint tanged arrowhead.Made on flint, mid orange-brown translucent patina. Small tertiary flake, thin butt on base, unidirectional dorsal scars. Some short, inverse, low-angle, parallel retouch on the left to create a tang with some similar but more stepped retouch further up the left to the tip. Very slightly notched on the right for hafting.

LEIC-A6A982 COMBINATION TOOL NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint combination tool.Made on flint, very dark greyish-brown opaque patina. Abraded butt. Left edge is serrated, leading to a retouched awl (inverse, short, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel). A nosed scraper has been created on the distal end (long, abrupt, stepped).

LEIC-A75928 COMBINATION TOOL MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint combination tool.Made on a flint fragment, light greyish-cream opaque patina. Notched on one edge (with semi-abrupt, long, scaler retouched notching), above which a small, very sharp, awl has been fashioned by some abrupt flaking.

LEIC-A74BDE SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint end scraper.Made on a flint pebble, mainly cortical, dark grey opaque patina. Distal end flaked with a single bi-directional blow and then retouched (abrupt, scaler).

LEIC-A74162 POINT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint point.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid bluish-grey semi-translucent patina. Unidirectional dorsal scars. Truncated on the right of the distal to create the tip, the left side of which is retouched (short, semi-abrupt, scaler). Left edge serrated with inverse, abrupt, short, stepped retouch.

LEIC-A734D0 ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid and light grey opaque patina. Butt flaked away but would be on the base. Distal end slightly truncated. Slight notching and working on both laterals for hafting and both laterals retouched (left - low angle, short, parallel, right - short, semi-abrupt, scaler).

LEIC-A72933 LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Cortical butt positioned on lower right edge. The right edge is a hinge fracture which has been abruptly retouched to make the piece symmetrical.

LEIC-A71D77 LITHIC IMPLEMENT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint burin.Made on a secondary flint flake with single unidirectional dorsal scar. Single burin struck on the proximal end on the right side. Small amount of crossed/abrupt retouch on the distal end.

LEIC-A71167 LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint flake, mid bluish-grey opaque patina. Facetted butt located on left edge, radial dorsal scars. Thick tip looks maintained. Semi-abrupt, short, scaler retouch along left edge and abrupt, inverse on the right.

LEIC-A707D1 LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on a tertiary flint blade, mid greyish-blue opaque patina. Feathered distal end is the tip, proximal end truncated. Both lateral edges abruptly retouched.

LEIC-A6FCC4 POINT MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint microlithic point.Made on a tertiary flint flake, very light creamy-blue opaque patina. Very fine crossed retouch on the right and around the tip. Left edge notched to create a barb and tang.

LEIC-A6DC88 LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on flint, mid-grey opaque patina with some light blue. Flaked on the ventral face and the dorsal to shape into a symmetrical arrowhead. Tip thinned on the ventral face.

LEIC-A6CF52 AWL NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint awl.Made on a secondary flint blade, mid brownish-grey opaque patina. Unidirectional dorsal scar, distal end retouched to create piece (on the left a small ventral notch, and short, semi-abrupt, parallel, to the right).

LEIC-A6C476 FLAKE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint worked flake.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina. Abruptly retouched and notched by pressure-flaking on both lateral edges. Plain butt, orthogonal dorsal scars. Probably a preform for an arrowhead but was abandoned.

LEIC-A6B7D8 AWL NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint awl.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light brownish-grey opaque patina. Oblique truncation on the right and then retouched left of the truncation to produce the piece (short, semi-abrupt, parallel).

LEIC-A6923E BLADE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint crested blade.Made on flint, mid-grey semi-translucent patina. Triangular cross-section. Both lateral edges have been retouched with alternating, abrupt, scaler, short, retouch so had a function after preparation of the core for blade technology.

WAW-A690C4 COIN ROMAN

Roman coin: x4 ases or dupondi of unknown Emperor dating to mid 1st to mid 3rd century. Unknown reverses. Probably minted in Rome. Very worn and corroded. Measuring 25.81mm to 27.86mm diameter.

LEIC-A6860B CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint single-platform core.Tiny, exhausted, flint core, light greyish-blue and mid-grey opaque patina. Flakes and bladelets struck from almost the entire platform on all faces. The core has been maintained by the removal of overhangs and the platform struck orthogonally to maintain the angle.

LEIC-A6788C SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint disc scraper.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina with light brown staining. Retouched around the distal end and along both edges to form a disc to the butt (long, abrupt, scaler).

New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room: Recent Additions

2324 (32324)

68 verses indexed by darrell

107 (30107)

5 images added by

105 (30105)

62 images added by

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Hestia

Hestia was the Greek virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and hospitality. In Greek mythology, she is the eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea. In her role as a protector of the family and political community, sacrifices and offerings were regularly made to Hestia at the hearth within each private home and at the town or city’s communal hearth. To the Romans, the goddess was known as Vesta...

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Sabratha

Sabratha was an ancient port city on the coast of North Africa (in modern-day Libya). The site was originally inhabited by the indigenous Berber Zwagha tribe in the 8th century BCE (according to the 11th-century CE historian al-Bakari) who gave it their name. It became a Carthaginian colony c. 500 BCE, known as Tsabatan, and part of a tri-city trade network known to the Greeks as the Emporia. It...

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Vicus Basoretensis

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 20 unlocated Vicus Basoretensis

Pirustarum Vicus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 21 unlocated Pirustarum Vicus

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Fotos: Letzte Änderungen

F037849

Nida (Civitas Taunensium) / Frankfurt/Main ; CIL: 13, 07381.; other literature: G. Wolff, in: Der obergermanisch-rätische Limes des Römerreiches B, II, 3 (Lieferung 42) (Heidelberg 1915) 54; Foto; M. Bieber, Die antiken Skulpturen und Bronzen des königlichen Museums Frudericianum in Cassel (Marburg 1915) 48-49, Nr. 102; Foto.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Publikationen: Letzte Änderungen

B016338

Jacobi, L.: Kastell Saalburg. [Mithraeum und Metroon.]

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Inschriften: Letzte Änderungen

HD080650 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) // Clod(io) One/simo Iulia / Carrotala / uxor

HD080648 (Germania superior)

Hic requi(escit) / et Auxili/us dihaco/nus XXX / trienta

HD080647 (Germania superior)

Mar[ti(?)] / Vetti A[---]/rix IIv[iri(?)] / vot(um) [s(olverunt) l(ibentes) m(erito)]

HD080645 (Germania superior)

[---]DIATA / [& // $]CIT II / [---]VOT[&

HD080644 (Germania superior)

$]NEB[---] / v(otum) s(olvit?) [l(ibens) m(erito)]

HD080643 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum) / L(ucius) Lepidi/us Solu/tor vix/it ann/is VIII m(ensibus) II[&

HD080642 (Germania superior)

Mercurio / Saturninus / Mart(ii) filius / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)

HD080641 (Germania superior)

Ap[ollini?] / et [& // $]ESP[&

HD080640 (Germania superior)

Mercurio / M(arcus) Mamma/ius Scottus / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)

HD080639 (Germania superior)

Caesoniae Donatae quae vix{s}it annis / XXXXVII m(ensibus) [---] d(iebus) XI horis IIII Candidus Aug(usti) / n(ostri) verna ex test(amento) coniugi bene merenti / posuit Eusebi {h}ave et vale / loc(o) lib(ero) // Vale / Euse/bi // Ave / Euse/bi

HD080638 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / et memoriae aeternae / Ianussi Ianuaris Iunio/ris qui vixit annos VIIII / mens(es) VI dies VIIII Ianussius / Ianuaris Gedus pater et / Luciola Lucusta{e} mater / filio dulcissimo ad a(sciam) d(edicaverunt) p(osuerunt)

HD080637 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / Epichari / [---]XI(?)[---]II(?) [v]/ix{s}(it) ann(os) / XLIII m(enses) V d(ies) VII / Martialis Aug(usti) / n(ostri) vern(a) ex / disp(ensatore)

HD080636 (Germania superior)

Biraca / Sabini fi/lia h(ic) s(ita) / a(nnorum) VIIII

HD080635 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / memoria / [&

HD080634 (Germania superior)

Mundo[---] / CO[---] / [&

HD080633 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) // memoria / Invetius / Domitian/us an(nos) LXXV

HD080632 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) // [m]emoria / Megethius / Mineti / an(nos) XXIII

HD080621 (Germania superior)

$]I[---]NON[---]NI / [---]NI[---] Veri

HD080619 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum) / M(arco) Tituleio / Victori / praef(ecto) coh(ortis) VI / Raetorum

HD066902 (Germania superior)

[--]rginiae Marius Vitalis coniunx |(centurio) leg(ionis) / et Marius Nigidianus fil(ius) q(uaestor?) matri e lon/ginquo adportatae et hic conditae sex et / triginta ann(os) vixit inculpata marito ob/sequio raro solo contenta marito

HD059937 (Germania superior)

[--- divi] Traian[i P]arth[ici filio ---] / [--- Traia]no H[adriano ---] / [---]ROM[-]IMPERATBOT[---] / [---]TEMPVVTMIPROT[---]

HD059936 (Germania superior)

Pervincus f(ecit)

HD059934 (Germania superior)

[---]V(?)[---] / [---]IV[-](?)MES[---] / [---]L[---]OTIAN[---] / [---]SI OS[---] / [---]AV[---]

HD059933 (Germania superior)

$] / [---]RE[---] / [---]I(?)S[---] / [& // $] / [---]EN[---] / [& // $] / I(?)VMC[---] / AEQVAM(?)[---] / VSVI RI(?) [---] / [&

HD059888 (Germania superior)

OB // EIV // LI // EF

HD059886 (Germania superior)

[M(arcus) Ho]norati/[us T]ertius

HD059884 (Germania superior)

$] / [--- ann(orum)] L stip(endiorum) / [---] h(ere---) f(aciendum) c(urav---)

HD059882 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / P(h)iladelp(h)us / P(h)ilandri Ca[p]/padox mil(es) / coh(ortis) XXXII vol(untariorum) / [|(centuria)] Ianuari / an(norum) [L] st(ipendiorum) XXX

HD059878 (Germania superior)

Dis Man(ibus) / Q(uinto) Favonio / Varo fil(io) / Q(uintus) Favoni/us Varus / coh(orte) XXXII / vol(untariorum) pater / et Terenti/[a ---] / [&

HD059877 (Germania superior)

$] / [---]A(?)I(?)I(?)S[---] / [---]nilino / [---] miss(ione) quo/[r(um) ---] ded(it) et co/[n(ubium) ---] iis d[at(a)] / [& // $] / [--- uxo]ri eius I(?)[---] / [--- rec]ognitum ex ta[bula] / [--- es]t Romae in mu[ro] / [--- A]ug(usti) ad Miner[vam]

HD059854 (Germania superior)

D(eo) In(victo) C(aius) / Lollius / Crispus / |(centurio) coh(ortis) XXXII / vol(untariorum)

HD058847 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) I(unoni) R(eginae) / Ael(ius) C(h)re/simus Se/datia B/assina / v(otum) s(olverunt) l(ibentes) l(aeti) m(erito)

HD041974 (Germania superior)

Fortu[n(ae)] / sacrum / Tacitus eq(ues) / alae I Fla(viae) / t(urma) Cl(audi) Attici / v(otum) [s(olvit)] l(ibens) l(aetus) m(erito)

HD041972 (Germania superior)

Divabus(!) SO[-] / Solimarus m[il(es)] / coh(ortis) IIII Vind[el(icorum)] / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) l(aetus) m(erito) {s(olvit?)}

HD041967 (Germania superior)

In h(onorem) d(omus) d(ivinae) // Genium plateae Novi vi/ci cum (a)edicula et ara / T(itus) Fl(avius) Sanctinus mil(es) leg(ionis) XXII / P(rimigeniae) [[Alexan(drianae)]] p(iae) f(idelis) imm(unis) co(n)s(ularis) et Per/petuus et Felix fratres c(ives) / R(omani) et Taunenses ex origi/ne patris T(iti) Fl(avi) Materni ve/terani coh(ortis) III praet(oriae) piae vindicis et Aurelia Am/mias mater eorum c(ivis) R(omana) d(onum) d(ederunt) // Agricola et Clementino co(n)s(ulibus)

HD041960 (Germania superior)

$] / f(ilius) civ[is --- eq(ues)] / al(ae) I Flavi(ae) t[ur(mae) ---]/ani an(norum) XXV

HD041957 (Germania superior)

G(ai) Ra[-]i / Manibus / Atrectus N/ani fil(iu)s coh(ortis) IIII / Vindel(icorum) |(centuria) Mura/esi heres sec/un<d>us d(e) s(uo) f(ecit)

HD011154 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / Saturnino

HD002131 (Germania superior)

Geminia Titulla / Arausiensis mater / sacrorum hic / adquiescit / D(ecimus) Iul(ius) P(ubli) l(ibertus) Auctus con(iugi?) pi/issimae et Aurae / Severi quem pro f(ilia) / obser(vavit)

September 11, 2019

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Pagus Vetanus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 45 G3 Pagus Vetanus

Pagus Thigillava

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 31 D4 Pagus Thigillava

Translucanus Pagus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 26 unlocated Translucanus Pagus

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/07/agi.mi…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/07/agi.mihalyko/SB_8_9827b' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Commit - In l. 17 I combined the suggestions of BL 8.355 (Sijpesteijn) and of BL 9.265 (Daris) according to formulas and autopsy of the papyrus. (Ágnes Mihálykó)
 - Commit - In l. 15 the suggestion of Daris can be verified on the papyrus and on the basis of parallels against the preference of A. Verhoogt in BL 9.265 for the reading of BL 8.355. The reading was confirmed by Jens Mangerud. (Ágnes Mihálykó)
 - Commit - In l. 13-14 the double regularization inside the BL correction is displayed as l. ἐγκαλέσειν, i.e. ἐγκαλεῖν in the apparatus in the preview, display bug? (Ágnes Mihálykó)
 - Submit - Corrections from BL 8 and 9 and Daris, Aeg 69 (1989) 87-88 added. (Ágnes Mihálykó)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. To avoid the problem in 13-14, perhaps break the passage into two parts: <:<:ἐγκαλεῖν|reg|ἐνκαλεῖν:>=BL 9.265|ed|ἐνάγειν:> <:μη14.- δ’ <:ἐγκαλέσειν|reg|ἐνκαλέσειν:>=BL 9.265|ed|ἢ14.- δωκιμάσειν:> || lin1 Aeg => Aegyptus || lin3 => <: ἐγγύου|reg|ἐ̣νγυίου:> || lin5 => <#ἑκατὸν ἑξήκοντα=160#> || lin8 => <#πεντεκαιδεκάτωι=15#> (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-921119 POINT PALAEOLITHIC

Palaeolithic flint tanged point.Tertiary flint flake, secondary-patinated mottled browns, greys and blues. Worked into a tanged point in the Palaeolithic but looks to have been touched up in a later period for use, with some short, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel retouch in various areas such as the tip and along the tang.

LEIC-921C0B CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint two-platform core.Made on flint, light grey opaque patina, for the removal of small flakes and bladelets.

LEIC-92005E LITHIC IMPLEMENT NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint lithic implement. Combination tool.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light brownish-grey opaque patina. Both lateral edges notched on the ventral face with some abrupt (right) and semi-abrupt (left) scaler retouch. An awl has also been fashioned on the left edge.

LEIC-91F16A SCRAPER (TOOL) NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint scraper, abruptly-retouched.Made on a tertiary flint flake, light grey opaque patina. Abrupt, parallel retouch around three edges. Also a small awl on the distal end.

NMS-91F0C5 VESSEL MEDIEVAL

Fragment of a medieval to post-medieval cast copper alloy cooking vessel, a replacement leg or leg repair of tapering and narrowing rectangular cross-section. The incomplete lower end may have been pointed and the other consists of a badly damaged mortice. There is heavy sooting including with the socket. Extant length and width 49 and 30mm. Weight 46g. 14th - 17th century.

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Bodotria (river)

The modern River Forth in Scotland.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-91E3DF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint oblique arrowhead.Made on a secondary flint flake, dark brownish-grey semi-translucent patina. Facetted butt located on bottom left side, base thinned by retouch (inverse, long, scaler, semi-abrupt). Right edge is a hinge fracture. A small amount of semi-abrupt retouch near the tip and the left edge of the tip is also retouched (abrupt, short, scaler, inverse).

Pleiades: Recently Modified

[S. Iulianus] (island)

The only island located in the Lago d'Orta.

Pagus Agaminus

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 39 C2 Pagus Agaminus

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

LEIC-91CEA6 CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint bladelet core.Made on flint, dark bluish-grey opaque patina. A single-platform blade and bladelet core.

LEIC-91C1C1 LEAF ARROWHEAD NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.Made on flint, mid-grey opaque patina. Worked butt, unidirectional dorsal scars. Abruptly flaked and retouched all round to shape. Some ventral retouch present on the left edge (partial, low angle, scaler, long).

NMS-91C129 BUCKLE MEDIEVAL

Medieval copper alloy oval buckle frame with an offset, narrowed bar and a pin notch on the rounded outside edge. Length 23mm. Width 39mm. 13th - mid 15th century.

LEIC-91B3DA CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint bladelet core.Tiny single-platform bladelet core in the shape of a pyramidal core. Made on flint, mid caramel brown and grey. Worked 80% of the way round.

LEIC-91A977 CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint bladelet core.Tiny single-platform bladelet core in the shape of a pyramidal core. Made on flint, light blue opaque patina. Worked all the way round.

LEIC-919E1F SCRAPER (TOOL) MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint core scraper.Flint core, mid-grey and blue opaque patina. An exhausted multi-platformed core that has been retouched (long, semi-abrupt, sub-parallel) to create a core scraper.

LEIC-918F67 CORE NEOLITHIC

Neolithic flint multi-platform core.Burnt flint core with plenty of craze cracking, mid-grey opaque patina. Worked from opposed ends and orthogonally for removal of flakes and blades.

LEIC-91854A CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint opposed-platform core.Flint core, mid-speckled-grey opaque patina with some iron staining. Opposed platform technology for the removal of blades and bladelets.

LEIC-9177C2 CORE UNKNOWN

Undated flint core fragment.Flint core, mid-brown opaque patina with some iron staining. Seems to have broken off during core reduction. Potentially quite ancient.

DEV-915CD2 COIN ROMAN

A worn Roman copper alloy radiate of unknown ruler, possibly Claudius II (AD 268-270), dating to the period AD 268-270 (Reece period 13). Possibly AEQVITAS AVG reverse type depictign Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae.Measurements: 16.9mm diameter, 3.1mm thick, weight 2.99g

LEIC-9169F7 CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint multi-platform core.Flint core, very light grey opaque patina with some iron staining. Relict flake scars indicate that the core was worked from a number of directions. However, the last phase was unidirectional from a single platform for the removal of blades.

LEIC-916104 CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint opposed-platform core.Flint core, mottled mid and light greys with some light blue opaque patina. Rather exhausted, looks to have been worked from a number of directions during the course of its life. Parallel removals from these platforms as well.

LEIC-915604 CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint multi-platform core.Flint core, very light creamy-grey opaque patina. Worked from opposed platforms with a single orthogonal platform, all for the removal of small blades and bladelets.

LEIC-914C7C CORE MESOLITHIC

Mesolithic flint multi-platform core.Flint core, dark grey and mid blue opaque patina. Removal of blades and bladelets from 3 platforms. Also worked from two opposing platforms in two directions.

Pleiades: Recently Modified

OSM location of River Forth

Line representing the modern location of the River Forth, derived from an OpenStreetMap Relation.

Pagus Muxsi

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 32 E3 Pagus Muxsi

Ancient History Encyclopedia

The Roman Toga

The toga was a garment worn by men who were citizens of Rome and which consisted of a single length of wool cloth cut in a semicircle and wrapped around the body of the wearer without any fastenings. The toga was a clearly identifiable status symbol and while most togas were white, some, indicative of a person’s rank or specific role in the community, were coloured or included a stripe, notably...

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Pagus Zeugei

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 32 E3 Pagus Zeugei

Almo (river)

A small river of the Ager Romanus that once joined the Tiber just below the walls of Rome. Almo, the eldest son of Tyrrhus, who is one of the heroes in Virgil's Aeneid, shares the river's name.

OSM location of Almone

Location based on OpenStreetMap

Singili(a) Barba

Singilia Barba was the site of a Roman municipium near Antequera, Málaga, Spain.

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Anaximenes

Anaximenes of Miletus (l. c. 546 BCE) was a younger contemporary of Anaximander and generally regarded as his student. Known as the Third Philosopher of the Milesian School after Thales (l. c. 585 BCE) and Anaximander (l. c. 610 - c. 546 BCE), Anaximenes proposed air as the First Cause from which all else comes, differing from Thales, who claimed water was the source of all things...

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Fotos: Letzte Änderungen

F024614

Viminacium / Kostolac ; CIL: 03, 14524.; other literature: CLE 2207; IMS 2, 156; Foto u. Zeichnung.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg: Inschriften: Letzte Änderungen

HD080630 (Germania superior)

[D(is)] M(anibus) / [---]veri / [&

HD080629 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / Cl(audiae) Viducae

HD080628 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / memoriai(!) / Il[iom]ari / Vanatasti / ann(os) / V

HD080627 (Germania superior)

D(is) M(anibus) / memoriai(!) / Aureliai(!) Vin[&

HD080626 (Germania superior)

$] Magnilli [---?] / an(n)orum X [---?]

HD080625 (Germania superior)

$] / Lic(ini) Silva/ni Regina

HD080624 (Germania superior)

Apolli(ni) et Merc(urio) / Esuccus Minerv(---) et / Biccus Veri(?) / v(otum) s(olverunt) l(ibentes) m(erito)

HD080623 (Germania superior)

P(ublius) Corneliu[s] / Scipi[o]

HD080622 (Germania superior)

$]TRAB[---] / [---] Pompei[&

HD080620 (Germania superior)

Deo Mercurio Cisso/nio Dubitatia Castula / natione Syria templum / et porticus vetustate / conla<p>sum denuo de suo / restituit

HD080618 (Germania superior)

Ge(nio?) Mar(tis) Vesonti / L(ucius) Catlius Cođđa/catus Catulli fil(ius) / maceri(am) refecit / porticum posuit / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)

HD080614 (Germania superior)

Mercurio et / Apollini v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito) / Albanus Iuli f(ilius)

HD080613 (Germania superior)

Matrabus Augg(ustis) / Martialis Augg(ustorum) nn(ostrorum) / ver(na) ex disp(ensatore) / ex voto / monitus

HD076280 (Germania superior)

[--- im]aginiferi [---]

HD064340 (Dalmatia)

[---u]s Iacopus(!) [---] / [---]us omnium [---] / [--- inn]ocentessimu[s! ---] / [---]I(?)NI N(?)X ARC(?)N[---] / [---]AVOSORCARIS[---] / [&

HD060099 (Germania superior)

Leg(io) XXII / Pr(imigenia) pia f(idelis)

HD059871 (Germania superior)

M(arco) Ope[llio] / Anton[ino Di]/adum[eniano] / nobil[issimo] / Caes(ari) pr[incipi iu]/ventuti[s ---] / [&

HD059869 (Germania superior)

$] / [---]C / [---] co(n)s(ulibus)

HD059868 (Germania superior)

$] / [---]L(?)A(?)D(?)[---] / [--]L(?)VSSITA[---] / [--] Aug(ust--) Gor[diano II] / et Pomp[eiano] / [co(n)]s(ulibus)

HD059867 (Germania superior)

[I]n h(onorem) d(omus) d(ivinae) / [deae? Ar?]tioni / [&

HD059866 (Germania superior)

In h(onorem) d(omus) [d(ivinae)] / Ad[---] / [&

HD059863 (Germania superior)

$] / I(?)OS VII / NA AN T[-] / OM CO

HD059861 (Germania superior)

In(?) [h(onorem)? d(omus)? d(ivinae)?] / Gen[io c]olleg(ii) / [fabro]r(um) tign(ariorum) / [---]I(?)alius / [---]tatus / [--- d]e suo / [---]it

HD059859 (Germania superior)

Caute / [--](?) L(ucius) Dom(itius) / [---? A]gis(?) l(ibens) / [m(erito)]

HD059858 (Germania superior)

Caute / L(ucius) Dom(itius) / Agis(?) l(ibens) / m(erito)

HD058901 (Germania superior)

Mercurio / Cissonio / aram / [L?]utevius / [V]icto[ri?]/[nus ---] / [&

HD058897 (Germania superior)

In h(onorem) d(omus) d(ivinae) // Mercurio / Iul(ia) Secun/dina ex / voto / posuit

HD058896 (Germania superior)

Matribus C(?)[-] / <F>irmus dec(urio) [--] / in suo <f>(ecit)(?)

HD058895 (Germania superior)

[In h(onorem)] d(omus) d(ivinae) // [Lib]ero / [Pat]ri / [C(aius) Sec]undi/[us Sae]cula/[ris ex] moni/[tu] dei / [l(ibens)] l(aetus) p(osuit)

HD058869 (Dalmatia)

T(itus) Ancharenus / T(iti) f(ilius) Ser(gia) / dom(o) Laranda / mil(es) leg(ionis) VII an(norum) / XLV stip(endiorum) XXIII / h(ic) s(itus) e(st)

HD058857 (Germania superior)

[I(ovi) O(ptimo)] M(aximo) // [et Iu]noni / [---]MM / [---]RIBV / [---t ex] / [---N] / [---S] / [&

HD058853 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) / Iunoni / Lucius / Valens / v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) l(aetus) m(erito)

HD058852 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) / et / Iunoni / Reginae / Iul(ius) Ma[x]/imin[us] / [--]V(?)[---] / [&

HD058851 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) / et Iuno/ni Regi/nae Cin/geti(us) pos(uit)

HD058849 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) et / Iunoni / S<a>mmo / Conteddi / v(otum) l(ibens) m(erito)

HD050105 (Germania superior)

I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo) / et [Iu]non[i] / [Regina]e / [& // $] / [---]G[---] / [---]EC[---] / [---]S(?)T[---] / [& // $] / [---t?]atiu[s] / [Vic]torin[us] / [--- Qu]adra[ti-] / [---]orin[---]

HD041976 (Germania superior)

Deo In(victo) M(ithrae) // p(etram) genetricem // Senilius Car/antinus / c(ivis) Medio/m(atricus) v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) l(aetus) m(erito) // sive Cracissius // Caute // c(a)elum // Caut(o)p(ate) // oceanum

HD041963 (Germania superior)

I(n) honorem d(omus) d(ivinae) / Mercurio neg/otiatori // k(alendarium) rus(ticum) / Taunens(es) / monitu / d(ei) p(osuerunt) l(ibentes) l(aeti) m(erito)

HD036529 (Germania superior)

[I(ovi) O(ptimo) M(aximo)] / [et Iun]o[ni] / [Regi]nae / [---]tati[us](?) / [Vi]ctorin[us] / [de]c(urio) c(ivitatis) Aude[r(iensium)] / in suo [ex] v[o]to / [a(nte) d(iem)] VII Id(us) [No]ve(mbres) / [I]mp(eratore) d(omino) n(ostro) [M(arco) An]t(onio) / Gordia[no] / Aug(usto) et Av[iola] / co(n)s(ulibus)

HD036527 (Germania superior)

Crescentina // Maximus // Maximinus // Festa // [M]aximina // Honorata // [I(ovi)] O(ptimo) M(aximo) Iunoni Reginae / C(aius) Sedatius Stephanus / dec(urio) c(ivitatis) T(aunensium) et Caturigia / Crescentina eius cum / Stephaniis Maximo / dec(urioni) c(ivitatis) s(upra) s(crip)tae et Festa / Maximino Maximina / Honorata filiis / in suo restituerunt / III Idus Mart(ias) Sabino / II et Venusto consulibus // In suo ex [v]ot[o] / r[e]novavit

HD036408 (Germania superior)

T(itus) Fl(avius) Ian(uarius) m(agister?) p(agi?)

HD036086 (Moesia superior)

Lupus anemola(!) (h)ic (h)ave/tat(!) quot(!) comidi(!) mecum (h)ave[o](!) // ego Maurentia / in hunc(!) mo/numentum(!) / [tit]ulu[m p]osui Lupo / virginio meo cum [q]/uem(!) quinquaginta a[n]/nis beni(!) laboravi adqu[e] / inculpatim co(n)vixi et A[r]/genteo Samarconi fr[a]/tris(!) vel subulel(la)e m[atri]/s meae ipsum titul[um] feci(?)

HD014776 (Belgica)

D(is) M(anibus) / Carant/ae Cont/eddi fili/ae

September 10, 2019

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Amphitheater of Pompeii

The Amphitheater of Pompeii is the earliest known surviving example of a Roman amphitheater. It was built between 80 and 70 B.C.

Roman amphitheater at Santa Maria Capua Vetere

Sometimes referred to as the "Anfiteatro Campano", the Roman amphitheater at Santa Maria Capua Vetere is the second largest in the Roman world. Begun under Augustus, it was further renovated under Hadrian and Antoninus Pius.

Tusculum

Tusculum was a Latin city of the Alban Hills in central Italy. After 381 BC Tusculum became the first "municipium cum suffragio".

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

IOW-7A5F4E SOCKETED AXEHEAD BRONZE AGE

A fragment of a Late Bronze Age copper-alloy socketed axehead (c. 1000 BC-c. 800 BC).This fragment is the lower part of the blade including the cutting edge. There is a transverse break at the top where the base of the socket is present. In side view it is roughly 'V'-shaped.Much of the surface is lost due to corrosion but patches of a light brown patina survive.Height: 22.0mm; width: 37.8mm; thickness: 10.6mm. Weight: 24.93g.

Papyri.info: Recent Commits to idp.data:master (Github)

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/10/ngonis…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/10/ngonis/2019/09/10/BGU_17_2728' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - Updated text after BL XII 29 and XIII 41. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. -- Change *chirho* to *rho-cross* (2, 10). (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - lin11 ἐλλιπεῖν => προλιπεῖν; cf. P.Sakaon 71.20 as corrected by D. Hagedorn. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

Updated text after BL XII 29 and XIII 41.

Updated text after BL XII 29 and XIII 41.


Signed-off-by: Nikolaos Gonis <nikolaosgonis@googlemail.com>

lin11 ἐλλιπεῖν => προλιπεῖν; cf. P.Sakaon 71.20 as corrected by D. Ha…

lin11 ἐλλιπεῖν => προλιπεῖν; cf. P.Sakaon 71.20 as corrected by D. Hagedorn.


Signed-off-by: Nikolaos Gonis <nikolaosgonis@googlemail.com>

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Submit - fixed two typos (lin8 διαφυλάζῃ => διαφυλάξῃ; lin9 added comma after first δέσποτα) and two accents (lin7 προσκυνήτων => προσκυνητῶν; lin9 δὲ => δέ) (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/10/ngonis…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/2019/09/10/ngonis/2019/09/10/BGU_2_547' into canonical master

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/finalizing/2019/0…

Finalization merge of branch 'DDbDP_Editorial_Board/finalizing/2019/09/09/P.Grenf._1_65' into canonical master

Update revisionDesc

Update revisionDesc

 - Commit - on l. 6 there was an article missing, I added it (Nina S)
 - Submit - I added an article that was missing from l. 6, after checking both the papyrus and the edition (Nina S)
 - Vote - Accept-Straight-to-Finalization - Fine. -- lin6 <:ἐγγὺς|reg|ἐγγὴς:> ... ἀφῆλίξ => <:ἐγγής|reg|ἐγγής:> ... ἀφῆλιξ  (Nikolaos Gonis)
 - Finalized - Ready. (Nikolaos Gonis)

fixed two typos (lin8 διαφυλάζῃ => διαφυλάξῃ; lin9 added comma after …

fixed two typos (lin8 διαφυλάζῃ => διαφυλάξῃ; lin9 added comma after first δέσποτα) and two accents (lin7 προσκυνήτων => προσκυνητῶν; lin9 δὲ => δέ)


Signed-off-by: Nikolaos Gonis <nikolaosgonis@googlemail.com>

tDar: The Digital Archaeological Record

Test Excavations at 8Hi450D: An Inland Archaic Occupation in Hillsborough County, Florida

This report presents the results of Phase II test excavations of 8Hi450D - one of the thirteen sites identified during the 1978 archaeological survey of the Hillsborough County portion of the proposed I-75 right-of-way, by B. Calvin Jones of the Florida Division of Archives, History, and Records Management. A total of thirty-one sites were found within the finalized right-of-way location, however, only thirteen sites were determined to be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places by the Florida State Historic Preservation Officer and subsequently chosen for mitigation.

ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENT IN THE APALACHEE REGION OF FLORIDA

This paper discusses types of archaeological and historic sites presently found within the Woodville Karst Plain. Site there range in age from Paleo-Indian (12,000 to 10,000 B.P.) to mid-20th Century historic sites. They range in type and function from burial mounds to small special use sites. The karst features such as sinkholes and springs, would have been especially attractive to Native Americans in that they not only provided water during times of lower water tables, but also exposed resources such as chert from which they fashioned many of their tools. In this vein, many sinkholes and springs also attracted animals and could have been used for ambushes and trap falls by aboriginal inhabitants. On the other hand, the sandy soils there were less attractive to Fort Walton Indians, since the red clay hills to the north were much more productive in terms of growing crops such as corn, beans, and squash. Another intriguing possibility of shallower portions of springs and sinks in the karst plain, is that many may have served as rock shelters during times of lower water tables. These kinds of sites should provide excellent preservation of organic materials. And unlike the river bottoms in the area, which have been plundered by collectors for many years, the underground streams have remained undisturbed. Thus many stratified sites with in situ cultural remains are likely to occur within such an environmental setting.

A Preliminary Report on Archaeological and Historical Resources within the Recent Addition to Bald Point State Park

DHR archaeologists made several visits to Bald Point State Park from 1999 through 2001 to look for and better document historical resources within this newly acquired park (Wisenbaker and Swann 2001 ). In 2003, however, Bald Point State Park grew by 2,851 acres, more than tripling the size of the park. Early in 2004, Park Specialist Bonnie Allen called us to tell us about several unrecorded sites that she had discovered within this addition. In so doing, she invited us to come to the park to observe and record these sites. Ms. Allen once attended one of the archaeological resource monitor training sessions sponsored by the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research. She also harbors a strong interest and displays keen insight about the history of this region. It would certainly make our jobs at the Division of Historical Resources much easier if more people involved with managing state lands exhibited her degree of dedication to protecting and preserving historical resources.

Historic Ponceannah, Lake County, Florida

This historic site was first recorded in the Florida Master Site File as LA2780 in 2003 during an archaeological and historical reconnaissance survey conducted by James Dunbar and Christine Newman, both former employees of the Florida Division of Historical Resources, Bureau of Archaeological Research, CARL Archaeological Survey (now Public Lands Archaeology program) of Seminole State Forest in Lake County, Florida. Dunbar and Newman reported their findings in "An Assessment and Documentation of Cultural Resources in Seminole State Forest, Lake County, Florida," which was completed in January of 2004. While the entire report is available from the site file as a pdf file (Manuscript #9364), we have extracted (and edited for clarity and flow) portions of the report that addressed Ponceannah:

Archaeological Report on the Hutto Pond Site (MD18) in Madison County, Florida

In 1971, the Division of Archives, History and Records Management (now the Division of Historical Resources) at the request of the Florida Department of Transportation conducted archaeological excavations at site 8MD18 just southwest of Madison, Florida. The Hutto Pond site was discovered during a survey of the proposed 1-10 corridor (Interstate 10 ultimately would serve as a direct link across the southern U.S. between Jacksonville and Los Angeles) by state archaeologist B. Calvin Jones. It was deemed potentially significant, which triggered Phase II test excavations at Hutto Pond. Unfortunately, back then DOT would not fund the analyses and write-ups of excavated archaeological sites. More than 44 years after the fieldwork occurred there, though, an opportunity arose to complete the analysis of artifacts by Louis Tesar and to craft a report on this highly significant but long-neglected archaeological site.

An Archaeological and Historical Survey of Seven Proposed Recreation Resource Sites in the Lower Hillsborough River Flood Detention Area, Hillsborough County, Floridal

This introduction presents the results of an archaeological and historical site assessment survey conducted by the Florida Division of Archives, History and Records Management within the Lower Hillsborough River Flood Detention Area. The locales surveyed consisted of seven proposed recreation resource sites within the larger area which is located about seven miles northeast of Tampa in Hillsborough County, Florida. The seven survey locales occupy portions of Sections 6, 13, 19-22, 28-31 and 33 in Township 27 South, Range 20 East; and, Sections 2 and 3 in Township 28 South, Range 20 East (Figure 1).

An Archaeological and Historical Report on Jackson Blue Springs and Merritt's Millpond, Jackson County, Florida

What Blue Springs County Park lacks in size, it makes up for in cultural resources, both in terms of density and variety. For example, three archaeological sites were recorded within the park at the time of state acquisition. While the CARL Archaeological Survey intended to do a typical reconnaissance survey there, we ended up doing mostly gratis mitigation work to help Jackson County save money. Consequently, much work still needs to be done to get a better and clearer understanding of the park's historical resources. One thing we did not accomplish was to compare sites in the park with specific soil types and natural communities. The reason we could not meet this goal is that data on soils and original natural comminutes have yet to be digitized. We already know, nonetheless, that the entire tract is rich with significant sites. All test pits placed on the property thus far have produced historical resources of some sort. Unfortunately, some previous land uses of the property, particularly some of the contouring that occurred closest to the spring, have altered the area's archaeological integrity, although much of the tract bears only minor scarring.

An Archaeological and Historical Survey of Bald Point State Park, Franklin County, Florida

The CARL Archaeological Survey made four visits to Bald Point State Park. These visits occurred in December 1999 and on March 2000, June 2000 and April 2001. The first three visits were done to test and mitigate any damage that may have resulted from scheduled construction activities in the park for proposed new amenities such as storage areas, boardwalks, picnic tables, parking areas, etc. On the other hand, after specific testing had been completed on those three visits we performed some pedestrian surveys of other areas within the park, especially the northern two thirds of the tract. In particular, we examined disturbed areas such as woods roads, animal burrows and firebreaks. Our last visit to the park this year, however, was devoted exclusively to doing judgmental surveying and testing of favorable natural communities within the park to locate and inventory additional archaeological and historical sites on the property. Little would have been gained from systematic testing over the entire property, as much of it is wetlands, and some of its upland environments have proven to be marginal for human existence.

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Corrected word division in ll. 4-5


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Corrected word divisions in ll. 14-15, 17-18, 21-22

Corrected word divisions in ll. 14-15, 17-18, 21-22


Signed-off-by: James Cowey <james.cowey@urz.uni-heidelberg.de>

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Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

SUR-79D2FE HARNESS FITTING IRON AGE

A corroded fragment of a copper-alloy harness fitting terret ring of Iron Age date, c.300 - 50 BC. Approximately one quarter of the terret ring remains, with worn breaks to either end. The interior of the ring is smooth and the outer curve is moulded into a series of three lobes, each of which comprises a pair of lips. The ring has a circular cross section. Cf Lewis (2015) Lipped Type V.

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Carthago Nova

Carthago Nova (modern-day Cartagena) was a city on the southern Iberian Peninsula, Spain, originally known as Mastia. Human habitation of the region predates the Neolithic Period, but the area around the site of Carthago Nova seems to have been sparsely populated until after the Bronze Age when a port city was built on a peninsula jutting into the Mediterranean Sea. The 4th-century CE Latin poet...

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

SUR-77BBE2 BUTTON POST MEDIEVAL

A convex copper alloy Royal Artillery Button dating to 1790 to 1840. The moulded design depicts three vertically stacked cannons with three bezants separated by stacks of cannon balls in a band above, all within a recessed shield-shaped field. The reverse is concave with a bent wire loop shank.

SUR-77E69E BUTTON POST MEDIEVAL

A convex copper alloy Royal Artillery Button dating to 1790 to 1840. The moulded design depicts three vertically stacked cannons with three bezants separated by stacks of cannon balls in a band above, all within a recessed shield-shaped field. The reverse is concave with a bent wire loop shank.

SUR-782AFE BUTTON MODERN

A convex face from a composite military button of the Scots Guards. The button is moulded with the regimental insignia of a thistle surrounded by the motto "Nemo Me Impune Lacessit" (No one assails me with impunity) on a star and saltire. The rear plate and shank are missing.

SUR-783B0C COIN ROMAN

A copper alloy Roman nummus of the house of Constantine (AD 307 - 361) dating to AD 330-340 (Reece period 17). CONSTANTINOPOLIS type with reverse depicting Victory standing on the prow of a galley. Unclear mint.

SUR-784D9E COIN ROMAN

A corroded copper alloy Roman nummus of the house of Constantine (AD 307 - 361) dating to AD 330-340 (Reece period 17). [CONSTANTINOPOLIS] type with reverse depicting Victory standing on the prow of a galley. Unclear mint.

SUR-785856 COIN ROMAN

A worn copper alloy Roman nummus of the house of Constantine (AD 307 - 361) dating to AD 330-340 (Reece period 17). [CONSTANTINOPOLIS] type with reverse depicting Victory standing on the prow of a galley. Unclear mint.

SUR-7872A1 COIN ROMAN

A Roman copper alloy sestertius of uncertain 1st or 2nd century ruler. Uncertain reverse type and mint.

SUR-78A551 COIN ROMAN

A copper-alloy Roman radiate of Claudius II / Divus Claudius dating to the period AD 270 - 271 (Reece Period 13). CONSE[CRATIO] reverse type depicting eagle standing left, head right. Mint of Rome. As Cunetio, p.141, no.2314.

SOM-7A7A7D BROOCH ROMAN

An incomplete copper alloy Roman Dolphin Brooch dating to c. AD 25-65 (Bailey & Butcher 2005, 157). The brooch survives as the head, wings, and bow of the brooch, it is missing its spring mechanism, pin, foot and catchplate.The wings of the brooch are 28.2mm wide, and crescent shaped in profile with a convex front surface and concave rear. Both surfaces are plain while the upper and lower edges are worn and abraded. There are traces of iron corrosion product on the reverse of the wings suggesting the presence of an iron pin now lost.The bow of the brooch is D-shaped in cross section with a flat reverse and convex front surface. The bow of the brooch projects from the front of the wings with a width of 8.5mm. It then narrows down its length (33.4mm) to a minimum width of 4.9mm where it emanates in a worn and abraded break. The bow first projects outwards from the front of wings before angling (almost at 90 degrees) downwards for most of its length in a smooth angled gradient. The brooch has moulded and incised decoration. At the top of the bow there is a transverse groove dividing the bow from the wings, after which the upper surface of bow becomes slightly thicker before a second groove. Below the second the second groove there are tow parallel incised lines running down the length of the bow just below its apex, giving the impression of a subtle central ridge.The brooch has a medium green patina and is slightly abraded.The brooch is 35.2mm long, 28.2mm wide and is 7.4mm thick at the interface between the bow and wings. The brooch weighs 10.39 grams.Very similar brooches are illustrated by Hattat (2000, 298, No. 350), Mackreth (2011, pl. 41, No. 1010) and Bayley and Butcher (2004, 158 fig 127). The latter describes the type as one from south-western Britain which date to the mid first century c.AD 25-65.

SUR-7955DE BROOCH ROMAN

A fragment of a cast copper alloy Roman brooch of Hod Hill type, 21.9mm in length, with a tinned surface. The bow has a lozengiform plate decorated with three parallel longitudinal moulded ridges down the central axis, the outer pair forming simple borders to the plate. This is flanked by a pair of slightly convex lateral moulded collared knops of which only one remains. There is a transverse moulded collar at the junction between the main plate and the lower part of the bow, which tapers to the foot and which has a catchplate on the underside. Circa mid 1st century AD.

SUR-798961 COIN POST MEDIEVAL

A damaged and incomplete post medieval Spanish silver one real piece named to Charles I and Johanna (1506-1544), issued by Philip II in Mexico and dating to 1542-1572. Initial mark: cross potent.Obverse: CAROLVS ET [IOHANA REGE]S, shield of Léon and Castille with an 'M' with an annulet above to the left side and letter L to the right for the assayer Luis Rodríguez (1548-67).Reverse: HISPANIARVM ET INDIARVM, with a design representing the discovery and journey to the new world (two crowned pillars on waves representing the Pillars of Hercules on the Straits of Gibraltar, between which is written PLVS [VLTR] (more beyond)). Above is a pellet identifying the coin as one real.

SUR-7A061E HARNESS PENDANT MEDIEVAL

A quatrefoil cast and gilded copper alloy harness pendant of late 13th to early 14th century date. The design comprises a lozengiform central boss with a moulded fleur-de-lis on a field of red enamel; the uppermost petal of which appears to be hollow. This boss is flanked by four petals infilled with moulded rays and a pair of lateral knops. The suspension loop is round.

SOM-790E92 BROOCH ROMAN

A probable fragment from a hinged roman brooch possibly a Colchester Derivative T-shaped brooch, possibly dating to c. AD 75-150. Only the left wing and a small portion of the bow survives.The left wing is circular in cross section (6.1mm in diameter) and projects c.19.7mm from the edge of the bow. It is formed from a plate whose top edge has been folded over the top of the head and bottom edge has been folded slightly upwards, neither meeting the other to leave a gap in the tub in the back of the wings. The end terminal of the wing has been flatted on its top edge so that it is semi-circular in profile. The object is broken laterally at the a point just after the bow projects from the wings. This point would originally have had a slot in the back of the wings to accommodate a hinged pin, that itself would have been placed around an axis bar threaded through the hollow tube of each wing.What survives of the bow projects from the bottom of the wings with a width of 4.9mm, which likely represents less than half of its width. It projects for4.0mm before terminating in another sharp transverse break. There are traces of moulded decoration as a diagonal ridge running at the point from where the bow projects from the wing that was likely mirrored on the opposite side of the bow. The bow is too fragmentary to estimate its maximum width or shape in cross section.The brooch now measures 10.4mm long. 22.1 mm wide and 6.1mm thick. It weighs 2.32 grams.Only a small portion of the wings of the brooch survive making it hard to positively identify. The brooch was certainly hinged, the folded wings preventing a sprung pin, and its decoration is similar to that illustrated on SOM-DF1845 and SOM-8FD238 which is suggested to date to the first century AD.

WMID-791C77 PIN IRON AGE

An incomplete cast copper alloy probable pin head of probable Middle to Late Iron Age date, about 800 BC - AD 100.The pin head is comprised of four ovate mouldings positioned at the cardinal points round a fifth similar central lobe. The five knops are all taller than they are wide. The knops may have originally held a coral inlay. A waisted shaft descends from the underside of the lobed head. At its base is a bead moulding flanked by a collar above and below. The shaft continues below the moulding and bends sharply twice at right angles. A strut joins the lower shaft to the side of the bead moulding forming a loop. The shaft continues in a curve but then is broken. The break is well patinated. It is sub-circular in section. In use, the head of the pin would probably have pointed forwards at a right angle to the majority of the shaft.The pin head is 30.2mm long, 26.6 mm wide and 12.6 mm thick. The bead is 11.1 mm diameter. The shaft is 4.1 mm diameter at the break. It weighs 10.2 g.The metal has a patchy light green and grey patina.A similar pin head has been recorded on the PAS database as SWYOR-37CFEA and has been dated from the Middle to Late Iron Age, 800 BC to 100 AD. The pin head is also similar in style to Middle Iron Age brooches such as WILT-D73D25.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

SOM-78A27F FINGER RING ROMAN

An incomplete cast copper-alloy Roman finger ring dating from c. AD 1 - 225. The ring survives as the bezel, shoulders and approximately half of the hoopThe hoop would have been sub-circular in plan but is missing a segment placed between c. 5 and 9 o'clock if having the centre of the bezel at 12 o'clock. The hoop narrows from the shoulders which have a width of 13.8mm at the bezel to a minimum width of 3.8mm. Along its length it is a very shallow crescent, almost flat, in cross section with convex outer surface and concave inner surface. After the shoulder it is only 0.9mm thick. The hoop is mostly plain and undecorated.Decoration begins on either side of the hoop once its starts widening into the shoulders. This decoration consists of moulded ridges placed 1.5mm in from each edge of the hoop on its outside surface that widen towards the bezel as the shoulders expand. Once reaching the bezel these ridge ends in a wide concave edge such that each ridge is sub-triangular in form. Between these ridges is the flat portion of the bezel. This is decorated by a raised moulded vesica (pointed oval) design at the centre of which is an oval recessed cell. The points of this design are separated from the two triangular ridges by only a small groove. The cell is now empty and contains traces of black ad white cement at its base.The ring has green patina and is mostly smooth.It measures 23.0mm in diameter, 13.8mm wide (at the bezel). The width of the ring tapers to a minimum of c. 3.8mm at the narrower break. The ring is 3.7mm thick across the bezel and weighs 5.14 grams.This example corresponds to a Giraud Type 2 and Henig Type III finger ring. Flynn and Webley (PAS Finds Recording Guides: Finger-rings, 2019) state that Guiraud dates Type 2 rings to the first to early 3rd centuries while Henig suggests his Type IIIs are first or second century. On that basis a potential date range of AD 1-225 is proposed. A similar ring DENO-582BCD states that this form of ring is well represented in a 2nd century jeweller's hoard found at Snettisham, Norfolk (Johns 1997: 95 - 99) supporting this date.

NLM-77E0B0 GAMING PIECE UNKNOWN

Lead possible playing piece. A small near-cylindrical fragment of cast lead with a flat, neatly cut, surface as its base, possibly with five or six facets around the sides. Patinated. This may be a piece for playing a board game, though it is smaller and less distinctively formed than many early medieval examples. Ephemeral pieces and playing surfaces were probably usual throughout the medieval period and beyond. Suggested date: Unknown, Early Medieval to Post-Medieval, 850-1700Diameter: 10.3mm, Height: 10.5mm, Weight: 6.44gms

NLM-77B458 METAL WORKING DEBRIS UNKNOWN

Lead metalworking debris. Three small fragments of lead melt, all patinated. One is a dribble of solidified spillage. The others have both set on a flat surface; the smaller perhaps on a sand bed; and the larger has a patterned underside which might suggest it has preserved the weave of a coarse fabric like sacking. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Post-Medieval, 43-1800Combined weight: 32.94gms

NLM-77AB90 NUT (FASTENING) POST MEDIEVAL

Copper alloy nut. A small circular plano-convex nut with a central aperture of diameter 4.2mm, a bevelled convex upper side, and two bands of mechanically incised screw thread within, presumably for securing a small component, possibly from machinery. Suggested date: Post-Medieval, 1850-1900Diameter: 9mm, Thickness: 2.7mm, Weight: 0.89gms

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Unnamed bridge

The remains of an ancient Roman bridge in the present Piazza Eugenio Biffi in Rome. This bridge is thought to have spanned the Almo river.

OSM location of bridge

Location based on OpenStreetMap

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Letters & Post in the Ancient World

Letters and their delivery via a state communication system was a feature of many ancient cultures. The writing medium may have differed but the Mesopotamians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Incas all had the means to send messengers and communications over great distances and do so relatively quickly. Staging posts were established where couriers could eat, rest, change transport or pass on their...

September 09, 2019

Pleiades: Recently Modified

Pagus Ambitrebius

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 39 E4 Pagus Ambitrebius

Pagus Salutaris

An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 39 F4 Pagus Salutaris

Boedinus Pagus

The Boedinus Pagus was located in the area of Superaequum.

Portable Antiquities Scheme Database: Latest Finds

WAW-67D1D9 COIN ROMAN

Roman coin: A copper-alloy radiate of Tetricus I dating to the period AD 271 to 274 (Reece Period 13). LAETITIA AVGG reverse type depicting Laetitia holding a wreath and anchor. Unknown mint.

WAW-66F7A6 COIN ROMAN

Roman coin: x7 copper alloy radiates or nummi of an unknown Emperor (Reece period unknown), dating to 260 to 409. Reverse type not visible. Mint not visible.

KENT-661CF8 TRANCHET AXEHEAD MESOLITHIC

A Flint Tranchet axehead dating to the Mesolithic or early- Neoltihic c. 9000-4000 BC.Description: The object is of typical wasted sub-rectangular shape in plan. It has a rounded butt and and blade edge. It has a variable shape in cross-section, D-shaped from the mid to blade end and pointed oval towards the butt end. The axehead has invasive scaled semi-abrupt retouch covering much of the object. The blade edge has a sharpened tranchet flake. The axehead has a mottled dark brown matrix lighting towards the blade and one side. There is also heavy white banding formed from a vein poor quality chert or low silicate flint. This would have led to weakness in the flint as it is a fault although it could be considered aesthetically pleasing and may be the reason for the flints selection, especially considering how common good quality flint i sin the area.Measurements: 170.1mm long, 66.51mm wide, 51.02mm thick and 490g in weight.

NMS-64A922 ADZE NEOLITHIC

Elongated adze or pick, bifacially knapped with sub-triangular cross section with the flatter of the two faces forming the underside, broken in antiquity by a transverse bending fracture, plunging around to an oblique hinge termination on the underside near to the (now missing) cutting edge. The adze is patinated mottled dark orange, yellow and pale buff, the coarse inclusions (mostly near to the centre) being of the paler colour and mostly on the underside the flake scars have "stacked up" in hinges due to the hackly nature of these fractures. Only two areas have been damaged post deposition, there is a recent flake scar to the old break and a tiny chip to one side of the butt, these reveal that the flint was originally a mottled grey colour.This piece has been dated from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic, adzes where made during both of these periods, the difference being in the way the cutting edges are formed, although this is missing, it is more likely that this is of Neolithic origin due to the elongated and long butted proportions, reminiscent of the colossal "pick" from Francham: NMS-CD62D4, though without the cutting edge, it is difficult to be certain. 10,000 to 2350 BC.

GAT-65223A SPINDLE WHORL POST MEDIEVAL

Three lead byconical spindle whorls of unknown (Roman to Post Medieval) date.Spindle Whorl (from left to right) A, B and C appear plain, although A may have traces of pattern on its surface.Spindly Whorl B has a perforation present on one side.All three whorls have a cream / dark brown rough patina.Spindly whorls are common detectorist finds and range in date through from the Iron Age to the post medieval period. Both the diameter of the central perforation and the decoration on the whorls can be used to help identify their period. It is not possible to date these finds, however they are likely to be post medieval in date, and bear resemblances to similar post medieval whorls (Bailey 200, 79-80).The finds measure: Spindle Whorl A Spindle Whorl B Spindle Whorl C Diameter: 18mm 17.5mm 20mm Internal Diameter: 10mm 11mm 10mm Weight (g): 10.5 11 12.5 (While all three Spindle Whorls have been included in this entry, the findspot for Spindle Whorl A is unknown).

GAT-65926E BELL POST MEDIEVAL

A crotal bell of post medieval date.The piece is formed of a sub-circular suspension loop at the top of the bell. The upper and lower hemispheres of the bell are divided by a horizontal circumferential joining rib. The upper hemisphere has two sound holes, now blocked. At the base of the lower hemisphere is a slot which, at both ends, lead to a integral sound holes, one is blocked.The bell bears worn decoration on both its upper and lower hemispheres in the form of a 'sun-burst design'. To one side of the slot on the lower hemisphere is a mark of the founder's hammer.The sound pea remains intact inside the bell and moves freely.The bell is likely 17th or 18th century in date.

GAT-657EE5 UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT POST MEDIEVAL

A copper-alloy object of unknown date or function.The object comprises a rectangular strip of copper-alloy, slightly curved which tapers to a point at either end.Along one face are two raised horizontal parallel running bands and a protruding curved bar. The reverse has a single central horizontal tapering bar present.The piece is likely a fragment of a larger object. While it is not possible to identify the piece, it may potentially be a part of a fitting, brooch or clasp. The piece is likely medieval to post medieval in date.

GAT-65612E COIN WEIGHT POST MEDIEVAL

A copper-alloy square coin weight.The object is square in shape.There are traces of decoration on at least one face; however this is non-discernable due to the condition of the object.The object is likely of early post medieval date.

GAT-654171 SEAL MATRIX MEDIEVAL

A lead seal matrix.The seal matrix is circular in form with an off centered lug on the reverse.The front of the matrix is inscribed with a central design of a four pointed star / floral pattern.Around the circumference is an inscription. Due to the ware of the object it is not possible to identify the inscription. The inscription is likely personalized for the owner of the seal.The reverse off centered lug would have been the gripping point for the seal.The seal matrix is likely medieval in date, likely dating from the 13th or 14th century.

SOM-64D791 COIN ROMAN

Roman copper-alloy nummus of Arcadius (AD 383-408) dating to the period AD 388-402 (Reece period 21). VICTORIA AVGGG reverse type depicting Victory advancing left with wreath. Mint unclear. The coin is chipped to one side with c.5% missing.

GAT-650390 MUSKET BALL POST MEDIEVAL

Two lead musket balls of post medieval date.Both balls are spherical in shape.Ball A has a light rough patina while Ball B has a dark rough patina.It is not possible to date the musket balls, however they are likely 17th century in date.The balls measure: (Left) Diameter: 16mm Weight: 23.6g(Right) Diameter: 15mm WeightL 22.4

NMS-637316 COIN POST MEDIEVAL

Copper alloy farthing of Charles I, initial mark and further details illegible, 1625-34

GAT-64B506 COIN POST MEDIEVAL

A silver threepence dating to the reign of Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603).Obverse:Crowned left facing bust with rose.The mint mark is worn, however it is possibly '65b' Acorn (1573-74) (Mitchell & Reeds 1997, 171).The inscription is worn and incomplete however likely would have read: ELIZABETH/DG/ANG/FR/ET/HI/REGINA.Reverse:A long cross fourchee over a shield displaying a royal coat of arms.The date of the coin is incomplete: 15??The inscription is worn and incomplete, however would have likely read: POSVI/DEV AD/IVTORE/M MEV (I have made God my Helper).Discussion:The rose to the right of the bust was used to distinguish the sixpence, threepence, three halfpence and threefarthings from the shilling, groat, half groat and penny (Mitchell & Reeds 1997, 171).

DEV-649413 BUCKLE MEDIEVAL

A copper alloy buckle of medieval date, c. AD 1250-1400.Part of the buckle frame survives, but the pin and offset bar are now missing. The buckle is single looped, and oval in plan, with the outer part of the frame thickened, forming a crescent shape. In cross section this thickened area is trapezoidal in shape, with the inner edge markedly sloping inwards creating a distinctive effect. The result of this is that the underside of the frame is almost flattened, while the upper surface is an angled convex trapezoid shape. This angled inner slope continues around the curve of the frame, giving the pointed ends an almost rectilinear, pointed appearance. One of these is broken, but the other appears to have a decorative globular yet pointed knop at the terminal of this part of the frame. The pin rest is just visible on the outer, thicker area of the frame, in the centre of the thickened area. It is slightly misshapen due to post depositional damage. Egan and Pritchard (1991: 70) no. 277 is similar, see also Moels (Griffiths, Philpott and Egan 2007: 88) no. 477. Both sources date this form of buckle to the late 13th to early 14th century.Measurements: 21.5mm length, 17.9mm width, 5.2mm thick, weight 4.45g.

IOW-6449A4 COIN MEDIEVAL

A clipped and worn Medieval silver halfpenny of Richard II (1377-1399), minted at London (North 1991: 63, ref: 1331b; Withers 2002: 45-46, Type 1).Obverse: + (cross pattée) RICARD REX AnGL; Crowned bust facing with a bifoliate crown (nothing on breast).Reverse: CIVI/TAS/LOn/DOn; Long cross dividing the inscription with three pellets in each quadrant.Diameter: 13.4mm. Weight: 0.51g. DA=12:11-12.North, J.J. 1991. English Hammered Coinage, Volume II, Edward I to Charles II, 1272-1662. Spink & Son, London.Withers, P. and B. 2002. Halfpennies and Farthings of Edward III and Richard II. Llanfyllin: Galata Print Ltd.

NMS-6354B3 COIN ROMAN

Copper alloy nummus, House of Constantine, reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard, corroded and further details illegible, AD330-5

NMS-634CB6 COIN ROMAN

Copper alloy radiate or nummus, possibly irregular, utterly illegible, c.AD275-402