Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

January 16, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: ArchaeologicalTraces.org: DISSERTATIONS ARCHIVE

ArchaeologicalTraces.org: DISSERTATIONS ARCHIVE
ISSN: 2038-7083

ArchaeologicalTraces.org is an international editorial space for prehistorical archaeology, managed by A.T.P.G. (Archaeological Traces Project Group), an Italian Archaeological Collective based in Rome. It is open to researchers and students in archaeology, to develop their instruments, approaches and knowledge in a sharing, free and open access environment. It also aims at the creation of a space of dialogue and discussion for a new generation of archaeologists. ArchaeologicalTraces.org contents are open access, which means they are freely available without charge to the users or their institution.
This section hosts dissertations on archaeological subjects.
The papers are published in their original language, with an abstract in English.
To publish in this section, please contact the Editorial Board at archaeologicaltraces@outlook.com.
26 - MARTELLOTTA, E. - Analisi sperimentale e tecnologica di un campione di teste di mazza provenienti dall’area del Sinis settentrionale (età nuragica – Sardegna centro-occidentale)
25 - MOSCONE, D. - Il sito di Chiancarelle (LT): lo sfruttamento dei ciottoli per la produzione di lamelle. Osservazioni tecno-tipologiche e verifica sperimentale
24 - LIA, V. - Gli ipogei dell'Età del Bronzo dell'Italia sud-orientale
23 - PALMERINI, G. - Attività di ricerca e tutela di P.L. Calore tra Ottocento e Novecento
22 - FUSCO, M. - Lo sfruttamento delle risorse fluviali e lacustri nell’Egitto preistorico (18000-5000 BP)
21 - MANAI, G. - Il territorio di Siniscola in età romana
20 - MULARGIA, M. - Modelli insediativi dell'Età del Bronzo nel territorio di Siniscola (NU)
19 - LUCCI, E. - Il bacino del Fucino tra Eneolitico ed inizio dell'Età del Bronzo
18 - PROIETTI, M. - Le fortificazioni dell'Italia Meridionale nell'Età del Bronzo
17 - ARDU, A. - I materiali fenici, punici e romani nelle acque dell'Oristanese
16 - FERRAIUOLO, D. - Sviluppi della metallurgia sull'Alto e Medio Eufrate tra il IV e il III millennio a.C.
15 - SCHIRRU, D. - Civiltà nuragica e mondo mediterraneo nel corso dell'Età del Ferro: contesti, materiali, problematiche
14 - VIGNOLA, C. - Da Halaf a Ubaid in Alta Mesopotamia: cambiamenti nelle modalità d'insediamento e dell'organizzazione sociale tra VI e V millennio a.C.
13 - CEREDA, S. - L'uso del sigillo in Alta Mesopotamia e Anatolia Orientale: trasformazioni dal IV al III millennio
12 - CAMMAROTA, M. - Contesti funerari eneolitici in Sicilia
11 - D'ERRICO, D. - Uomini, agricoltura e sperimentazione: scelte culturali e sfruttamento dei vegetali nel Neolitico
10 - ZUPANICH, A. - Uso dei manufatti in pietra tra i primi ominidi: studio sperimentale e analisi traceologica dei materiali provenienti dal sito di Kanjera South
9 - ROZERA, C. - L'industria litica fayumiana nel contesto neolitico dell'Africa nord-orientale
8 - DEMICOLI, M. - To what extent was the Central Mediterranean Neolithic a maritime culture?
7 - CASTANGIA, G. - Analisi di alcuni contesti strutturali nell’area meridionale dell’insediamento preistorico e protostorico di Sa Osa (Cabras, OR). Stratigrafia, materiali ceramici, ipotesi funzionali
6 - AUCELLO, A. - Nuovi dati sull'evoluzione umana: i più recenti rinvenimenti riguardo alle caratteristiche cognitive di Homo sapiens
5 - VENDITTI, F. - Le tombe dolmeniche dell'Età del Bronzo nella Puglia centrale
4 - D'ERRICO, D. - Il trattamento del corpo in alcuni contesti eneolitici italiani
3 - CARUSO, S. - Problemi e prospettive della ricostruzione e musealizzazione di contesti della preistoria recente in Italia
2 - MALLEGNI, C. - Contatti tra Creta, Cicladi e costa anatolica nel III Millennio A.C.
1 - CASTANGIA, G. - Depositi costieri nuragici della regione del Sinis nella Tarda Età del Bronzo: il sito di Su Pallosu (San Vero Milis, OR). Evidenze per una interpretazione cultuale

January 15, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama (APGRD) Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 6 March 2013, updated 15 January 2018]

Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama (APGRD) Newsletter
Ancient drama has exerted a uniquely formative influence on cultural and intellectual life since the Renaissance, and today ancient plays are being performed in both the commercial and amateur theatre with greater frequency than at any time since antiquity. The Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama was founded in 1996 by Edith Hall and Oliver Taplin in response to the need for a coordinated research effort devoted to the international production and reception of ancient plays since the Renaissance. They included within its scope revivals and adaptations on stage, film and radio, and in opera and dance.
To receive the newsletter, sign up to our mailing list.
Current issue - Newsletter 24 (Spring 2017)

Previous issues

Newsletter 23 (Spring 2015)
Newsletter 22 (Spring 2014)
Newsletter 21 (Spring 2013)
Newsletter 20 (Summer 2012)
Newsletter 19 (Winter 2011)
Newsletter 18 (Spring 2011)
Newsletter 17 (Winter 2009)
Newsletter 16 (Autumn 2009)
Newsletter 15 (Spring 2009)
Newsletter 14 (Winter 2007-2008)
Newsletter 13 (Summer 2007)
Newsletter 12 (Winter 2006-2007)
Newsletter 11 (Spring 2006)
Newsletter 10 (Summer 2005)
Newsletter 9 (Spring 2005)
Newsletter 8 (Spring 2004)
Newsletter 7 (Summer 2003)
Newsletter 6 (Autumn 2002)
Newsletter 5 (Summer 2002)
Newsletter 4 (Spring 2002)
Newsletter 3 (Autumn 2001)
Newsletter 2 (Summer 2001)
Newsletter 1 (Spring 2001)
The performance database is an online resource that details quantitative information about performances of Greek and Roman drama from antiquity to the present day. The information has been collated by researchers working with the project over several years.

Internet Archaeology

New! 'The Rise of the Machine': the impact of digital tablet recording in the field at Çatalhöyük

New in IA47: This article considers the role of digital recording methods and visualisation tools in the primary recording of archaeology at the Neolithic tell site of Çatalhöyük, Turkey. Operating within and building on Çatalhöyük Research Project's understanding of reflexive methods (Hodder 2000b, 2003; Berggren and Nilson 2014; Berggren et al. 2015) we incorporate elements of science and technology studies (Pickering 1995) in order to create a framework for documenting the complete process of devising, implementing, and assessing digitised and tablet-based workflows. These harness the project's existing SQL database and intra-site GIS, as well as the increasingly user-friendly suite of 3D recording technologies which are now available to archaeologists. The Çatalhöyük Research Project's longstanding engagement with digital methods in archaeology means that such a study is well placed to provide insights into wider disciplinary trends that might be described as a 'Digital Turn'. By offering a review of tablet recording and exploring the effects of its introduction upon the archaeologists' relationship with the archaeological remains, we investigate the applied integration of digital recording technologies and their role in facilitating a deeper reflexivity in the interpretation of the archaeology on the site.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Cuneiform Commentaries Project – Updates

Cuneiform Commentaries Project – Updates
January 15, 2018
Several important new editions have been uploaded to the website of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project during the last few months, including those listed below. 

(1) CCP 1.5 (Literary Prayer to Marduk 2): This small and badly damaged tablet contains a commentary that deals with the first sixty-eight lines of the literary prayer Lord, Sage of the Igigi, a text frequently called, after Lambert’s pioneering edition, Marduk no. 2. (https://ccp.yale.edu/P461258)

(2) CCP 3.1.55.G (Enūma Anu Enlil 55 G): Although cited in secondary literature already in 1925, this is the first published text edition of this commentary. The tablet, which is from Hellenistic Uruk, contains, in varying states of preservation, the first thirty-eight lines of a commentary on one of the higher-numbered chapters of Enūma Anu Enlil. The number by which the chapter was known at Uruk is uncertain, but at Assur it was Chapter 48 (according to the Assur catalogue of EAE) and at Nineveh it was Chapter 55 (?). (https://ccp.yale.edu/P461321)

(3) CCP 4.2.M.a (Therapeutic (Qutāru) M): This cola-type commentary on a medical text for the treatment of four types of epilepsy is one of the most frequently cited commentaries in modern secondary literature. For this edition, the tablet was collated in person and using Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI), and several improved readings (o 4, 5, 15, 19, 27, 28, 29, r 4’ and 5’ – all indicated in the transliteration by asterisks) and interpretations have been possible. (Read more)

(4) CCP 6.1.13.C (Aa II/5 (pirsu 13) C): This commentary comprises two joining fragments: BM 48261 (81-11-3,971) and BM 48380 (81-11-3,1090). It preserves parts of a previously unidentified commentary on Aa II/1 (?) and II/5. (https://ccp.yale.edu/P470042)
Furthermore, Yale University Library has assigned permanent identifiers (DOIs) to the editions of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project. This means that each CCP edition is now indexed by the main repositories of scholarly works. We have also modified the way in which textual notes are displayed to make them more user-friendly. Last but not least, we are delighted to announce that Klaus Wagensonner (klaus.wagensonner@yale.edu) is now a Senior Editor in the project. 

Thanks are expressed to the following scholars, who have contributed their editions and feedback since the last newsletter: Uri Gabbay, Klaus Wagensonner, and Shana Zaia. We would like to renew our invitation for Assyriologists around the world to contribute their editions of as yet unedited commentary tablets, for which they will receive full credit.

Please also note that it is possible to subscribe to the CCP’s monthly Newsletter (http://ccp.yale.edu/newsletter).

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Leonardo da Vinci on the Moon

One of the great thrills of curating our blockbuster exhibition, Harry Potter: A History of Magic, has been choosing the exhibits and revisiting some of our favourite manuscripts. When we were planning the show, I often used to impress people by mentioning certain of the books and objects we were...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Contingency, Roads, and Formation Processes in the Greek Countryside

This last week I’ve been working on transforming a paper that Dimitri Nakassis and I wrote from the 2016 Archaeological Institute of America annual meeting. The paper was for a panel organized by Deb Brown and Becky Seifried on the topic of abandoned settlements. Dimitri and I wrote not so much about settlements as about roads and routes through the Greek countryside using the Western Argolid as an example. 

As I’ve worked to transform the paper into a proper article, I’ve started to try to weave together two complicated little strands related to regional level intensive pedestrian survey. One strand understands the countryside as contingent and dynamic and challenges the perspective that rural Greece was backward or unchanging guide to ancient practices. The view of the Greek countryside as stagnant and conservative drew heavily on both contemporary Western views of conservative rural life as well as Orientalist ideas that the East was resistant to change and, as a result, and unreceptive to the forces of progress (and perhaps resistant to the transformative power of capital). The most obvious expression of this among Classicists was the tendency to look to rural life and practices as a place that preserved ancient culture. Efforts to conflate ancient places with modern villages by the modern Greek state reinforced the plausibility of a conservative countryside. This, in turn, supported the nationalist narrative advanced by both the West and the Greek state itself that the modern Greek nationstate had it roots in the Ancient Greek world. By changing Slavic, Albanian, or Turkish place names to the names of Ancient Greek places, the modern state sought less to overwrite the more recent history of the region and more to restore the authenticity of the Greek countryside.

For archaeologists, this confidence in a stable Greek countryside arrived with the early travelers who took ancient texts as their guides and consistently noted practices that evoked those in ancient sources. By the 1980s and 1990s, however, intensive pedestrian survey and processual archaeology had begun to produce evidence for a more dynamic view of rural settlement patterns where even major settlements expanded, contracted, appeared, and vanished over the centuries. Attention to the Early Modern and Ottoman Greek landscape by the Argolid Exploration Project and in the Nemea Valley demonstrated that far from being ossified and unchanging, rural life, economic strategies, and settlement in the northeast Peloponnesus was in constant flux as denizens of the countryside adapted to local and regional economic and political opportunities. To put their conclusions in starkly contemporary terms, scholars like Susan Buck Sutton demonstrated that precarity of capitalism was alive and well in the Greek countryside throughout the Early Modern and Modern periods. While this may initially feel like something to celebrate as it makes clear that Greece was not an Oriental backwater, it should also give us pause as it reminds us that the self-sufficient farmer so celebrated for their independence was every bit a product of larger economic forces as any kind of individual will. Removing the condescending (and racist) burden of the Oriental conservatism from the backs of the Greek peasant and replacing it with forces of capital does not, necessarily, impart more agency in the Greek villager, farmer, or pastoralist. Agency within the capitalist system may appear more “modern,” but in some ways, it is only an inversion of an Orientalist reading of Greece by hinting that the instability, contingency, and precarity of rural life anticipates progressive modernity.  

Whatever the larger metanarrative at play, contingency is now a significant paradigm for understanding Early Modern and Modern Greece, and understanding the process of abandonment plays an important roles in recognizing change in the Greek countryside. Attention to abandonment involves a greater commitment to reading artifact scatters in the countryside as the products of archaeological and natural formation processes rather than palimpsests of settlement or other rural activities. As we come to privilege the contingency and dynamism of the countryside more, we also lose some of our confidence in assigning tidy functional categories to rural survey assemblages. Low density scatters of artifacts, for example, may well represent short-term habitation, low intensity rural activities, or even redistributive practices like manuring or dumping.

For our paper, the significance of contingency and our reading of formation processes intersect in our analysis of two seasonal rural settlements in the process of abandonment and the routes that connected these sites to larger networks of travel in the region. In traditional reading of the landscape of the Inachos Valley and the Western Argolid, scholars have tended to see modern routes along the flat valley bottom as more or less following ancient routes. In this context (and putting aside the role played by topography and geography, for example), long-standing roads serve as indicators of persistent patterns of movement, settlement, and the political relationship between places. A more contingent view of the countryside, however, forces us to consider the more ephemeral routes through the landscape that leave only fleeting traces in the landscape and connect less persistent settlements. 

Moreover, and this to my mind is really neat, roads and routes through the countryside also shape the formation processes at individual sites. For example, the proximity of an structure to an unpaved dirt road seems to have influenced whether that structure was maintained and used for storage or provisional discard. The dirt road, however, may not have any relationship to the earlier, simpler path that originally connected the settlement to other places in the region. Access by modern dirt road shaped the formation processes at play in the settlement. Structures only reached through footpaths tend to see less modern activity.  

For our paper, we present an example from the Western Argolid to demonstrate the presence and significance of these contingent routes through the countryside, to unpack the relationship of roads to formation processes at abandoned settlements, and to suggest that the contingent countryside is not simply about places, but also about all the interstitial spaces that define social, economic, and political relationships in the changing landscape. 

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

H. Craig Melchert's Publications Online

[First posted in AWOL 27 April 2014, updated 15 January 2018]

H. Craig Melchert's Publications Online
Anatolian Text Corpora:
Cuneiform Luvian Corpus         
Lydian Corpus
Ablative and Instrumental in Hittite (unpublished Harvard Ph.D. dissertation, 1977).
Studies in Hittite Historical Phonology, Vandenhoeck& Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1984, 176pp. Lycian Lexicon,self-published, Chapel Hill, 1989, iv + 122pp. Cuneiform Luvian Lexicon, self-published, Chapel Hill, 1993, vi + 298pp. luvlex Lycian Lexicon (2nd revised edition), self-published, Chapel Hill, 1993, vi + 130pp. Anatolian Historical Phonology, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 1994, iv + 457pp. A Dictionary of the Lycian Language, Beech Stave Press, Ann Arbor/New York, 2004, xvii + 
     138 pp. www.beechstave.com
A Grammar of the Hittite Language (with Harry A. Hoffner, Jr.), Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake,
      2008, xxii + 468 pp. (Part 1), 75 pp. (Part 2)
Edited books:
Mír Curad.  Studies in Honor of Calvert Watkins, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität
Innsbruck, Innsbruck,1998, xviii+715 pp (chief editor, with Jay Jasanoff and Lisi Oliver) The Luwians (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One, Near and Middle East Volume 68),
     Brill, Leiden/Boston, 2003, xix+383 pp  addenda&corrigenda
1. 'Hittite ašša- anzašša-,' Revue hittite et asianique 31 (1973) [1976] 57-70 hassa-2. 'Secondary Derivatives in -- in the Rigveda,' Harvard Indo-European Studies 2 (1975) 163-
     1983. '"Exceptions" to Exceptionless Sound Laws,' Lingua 35 (1975) 135-153 exceptions
4. 'Tocharian Verb Stems in -tk-,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 91 (1977)
     93-130 tk-verbs
5. 'The Acts of Hattušili I,' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 37 (1978) 1-22 hattusiliI
6. 'On §§56, 162 and 171 of the Hittite Laws,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 31 (1979) 57-64
7. 'Three Hittite Etymologies,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 93 (1979)
262-271 3hittiteetymologies
8. 'The Use of IKU in Hittite Texts,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 32 (1980) 50-56 IKUinhittite
9. 'Some Aspects of "Aspect" in Mandarin Chinese,' Linguistics 18 (1980) 635-654
10. 'The Hittite Word for "Son",' IndogermanischeForschungen 85 (1980) 90-95
11. '"God-Drinking":  a Syntactic Transformation in Hittite,' Journal of Indo-European Studies 9
     (1981) 245-254 god-drinking 12. 'The Second Singular Personal Pronoun in Anatolian,' MünchenerStudien zur Sprach-
     wissenschaft 42 (1983) 151-165 2ndsingularpronoun 13. 'A "New" PIE *men Suffix,' Die Sprache29 (1983) 1-26 men-suffix 14. 'Pudenda Hethitica,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 35 (1983) 137-145 pudenda
15. 'Notes on Palaic,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 98 (1984) 22-43
16. 'Hittite imma and Latin immo,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 98 (1985)
     184-205 imma
17. 'Hittite uwaš and Congeners,' Indogermanische Forschungen 91 (1986) 102-115 uwas
18. 'Proto-Indo-European Velars in Luvian,' in Studies in Memory of  Warren Cowgill (ed.
     Calvert Watkins) (1987)182-204 gscowgill 19. 'Reflexes of *h3 in Anatolian,' Die Sprache 33 (1987) 19-28 h3inAnatolian 20. 'Final -r in Hittite,' in A Linguistic Happening in Memory of Ben Schwarz (ed. Yoël
     Arbeitman) (1988) 215-234 final-r21. '"Thorn" and "Minus" in Hieroglyphic LuvianOrthography,' Anatolian Studies 38 (1988)
29-42 thorn&minus
22. 'Luvian Lexical Notes,' Historische Sprachforschung 101 (1988) 211-243 luvlexnotes
23. 'New Luvo-Lycian Isoglosses,' Historische Sprachforschung 102 (1989) 23-45 luvo-lycian
24. 'PIE "dog" in Hittite?' Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 50 (1989) 97-101 dog
25. 'Adjective Stems in *-iyo- in Anatolian,' Historische Sprachforschung 103 (1990) 198-207
     iyo-stems 26. 'The Lydian Emphasizing and Reflexive Particle -ś/-is,' Kadmos30/2(1991) 131-142 
     lydianreflexive27. 'Death and the Hittite King,' in Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture and
     Religion.  Studies in Honour of Edgar C. Polomé (ed. Roger Pearson) (1991) 1.182-188
28. 'Relative Chronology and Anatolian:  the Vowel System' in Rekonstruktion und Relative
     Chronologie, Akten der VIII. Fachtagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft (ed. R.
     Beekes et al.) (1992) 41-53 relchron 29. 'The Third Person Present in Lydian,' IndogermanischeForschungen 97 (1992) 31-54
30. 'Hittite Vocalism,' in Per una grammaticaittita (ed. Onofrio Carruba) (1992) 183-196
     hittitevocalism31. 'The Middle Voice in Lycian,' Historische Sprachforschung 105 (1992)189-199 lycianmiddle 32. 'A New Interpretation of Lines c 3-9 of the Xanthos Stele,' in Aktendes II. Internationalen
     Lykien-Symposions (edd. J. Borchhardt & G. Dobesch) (1993) 1.31-34 xanthosc3-933. 'A New Anatolian "Law of Finals",' Journal of Ancient Civilizations 8 (1993) 105-113
     lawoffinals 34. 'Historical Phonology of Anatolian,' Journal of Indo-European Studies 21 (1993) 237-257
     anathistphon 35. 'Remarks on Some New Readings in Carian,' Kadmos 32 (1993) 77-86 carianremarks36. 'The Feminine Gender in Anatolian,' in Früh-, Mittel-, Spätindogermanisch.  Akten der IX.
     Fachtagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft (ed. George Dunkel et al.) (1994)
231-244 feminine 37. 'Anatolian', in Langues indo-européennes(ed. Françoise Bader) (1994) 121-136
38. 'PIE *y > Lydian d,' in Iranian and Indo-European Studies.  Memorial Volume of O. Klíma
(ed. P. Vavroušek) (1994) 181-187 lydiand
39. '"Cop's Law" in Common Anatolian,' in In honorem Holger Pedersen.  Kolloquium der
     indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 26. bis 28. März 1993 in Kopenhagen (ed. Jens
     Rasmussen) (1994) 297-306 cop's_law40. 'Indo-European Languages of Anatolia,' in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East (ed. Jack
     Sasson) (1995) 4.2151-2159 cane 41. 'Nominal Inflection in Neo-Hittite,' in Attidel II Congresso Internazionaledi Hittitologia
(ed. O. Carruba et al.) (1995) 269-274 NHnominfl 42. 'Anatolian Hieroglyphs,' in The World's Writing Systems (edd. William Bright and Peter
     Daniels) (1996) 120-124 hluvianscript43. 'Lycia. Language' and 'Lydia. Language,' in Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed. (edd. S.
     Hornblower & A. Spawforth)(1996) 895, 899 lycian-lydian 44. 'Hittite Phonology,' in Phonologies of Asia and Africa (ed. Alan S. Kaye) (1997) 557-567 45. 'Luvian /ta:na-/ "sanctified, inviolable",' Historische Sprachforschung 107 (1997) 47-51 tana46. 'Denominative Verbs in Anatolian,' in Studies in Honor of Jaan Puhvel.  Part One.  Ancient
     Languages and Philology (ed. D. Disterheft et al.) (1997) 131-138 denomverbs47. 'PIE Dental Consonants in Lydian,' in Festschrift for Eric P. Hamp.  Volume II (ed. D. Q.
     Adams) (1997) 32-47 lydiandentals 48. 'Syncope and Anaptyxis in Hittite,' in Sound Law and Analogy.  Papers in honor of Robert S.
     P. Beekes on the occasion of his 60th birthday (ed. A. Lubotsky) (1997) 177-180 FSbeekes
49. 'Traces of a PIE Aspectual Contrast in Anatolian?' IncontriLinguistici 20 (1997) 83-92
50. 'Poetic Meter and Phrasal Stress in Hittite,' in MírCurad.  Studies in Honor of Calvert
Watkins (edd. J. Jasanoff, H. C. Melchert & L. Oliver) (1998) 483-494 fswatkins51. 'Hittite arku- "chant, intone" vs. arkuwāi-"make a plea",' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 50
     (1998) 45-51arku- 52. 'The Dialectal Position of Anatolian within Indo-European,' Proceedings of the 24th Meeting
of the BerkeleyLinguistics Society, Special Session on Indo-European Subgrouping
and Internal Relations (ed. B. Bergen et al.) (1998) 24-31 berkeley
53. 'Aspects of Verbal Aspect in Hittite,' in Uluslararası HititolojiKongresi Bildirleri.  Acts of the
     IIIrd International Congress of Hittitology, Çorum, Sep. 16-22, 1996 (ed. S. Alp & A. Süel)
     (1998) 413-418 aspect1 54. 'Two Problems of Anatolian Nominal Derivation,' in CompositionesIndogermanicae in
     memoriam Jochem Schindler (ed. H. C. Luschützky and H. Eichner) (1998) 365-375
55. 'I contributi del luvio geroglifico agli studi di indoeuropeistica,' in Il Geroglifico AnatolicoAtti
     del Colloquio della tavola rotondaNapoli-Procida, 5-9 giugno1995 (ed. M. Marazzi)
     (1998) 259-265 procida56. 'Once more Greek tolúpē,' Orpheus 8 (Memorial Volume for V. Georgiev) (1998) 47-51
tolupe 57. 'Hittite karzan- "basket of wool",' in Studi e Testi II (= Eothen 10) (ed. S. de Martino & F.
     Imparati) (1999) 121-133 karzan58. 'Carian mdoΩun "we have established",' Kadmos 38 (1999) 33-41 carianmdoWun
59. 'Once More on the Conclusion of the Lycian Trilingual of the Létôon, Historische Sprach-
     forschung 112 (1999) 75-77 letoonend
60. '"(Zu)eignung" in Anatolian and Indo-European,' in Celtica et Indogermanica.  Festschrift für
     W. Meid zum 70. Geburtstag (edd. P. Anreiter & E. Jerem) (1999) 243-247 fsmeid
61. 'Hittite tuk(kan)zi,' Ktema 24 (1999) 17-23 (À la mémoire de Lisbeth Franck) tukkanzi
62. 'Aspects of Cuneiform LuvianNominal Inflection,' in The Asia Minor Connexion.  Studies on
     the Pre-Greek Languages in Memory of Charles Carter (ed. Yoël Arbeitman) (2000)
    173-183 gscarter63. 'Tocharian Plurals in -nt- and Related Phenomena,' Journal of Tocharian and Indo-European
     Studies9 (2000) 53-75 plurals in -nt- 64. 'Hittite Nominal Stems in -il,' in Anatolischund Indogermanisch/Anatolicoe indoeuropeo (edd.
     O. Carruba & W. Meid (2001) 263-272 il-stems 65. 'Hittite damnaššara- "domestic"/dDamnaššareš "household deities",' Journal of Ancient Near
     Eastern Religions 1 (2002) 150-157 damnassara66. 'Tarhuntassa in the SüdburgHieroglyphic Inscription,' in Recent Developments in Hittite
     Archaeology and History. Papers in Memory of Hans G. Güterbock(edd. A. Yener & H.
     Hoffner) (2002) 137-143 tarhuntassa
67. 'A Hittite Fertility Rite?' in Akten des IV. internationalen Kongresses für Hethitologie.
Würzburg 4.-8. Oktober 1999 (ed. G. Wilhelm) (2002) 404-409 ararkiskanzi
68. 'Sibilants in Carian,' in Novalis Indogermanica. Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 80.
     Geburtstag (edd. M. Fritz & S. Zeilfelder) (2002) 305-313 cariansibilants
69. 'The God Sandain Lycia?' in Silva Anatolica. Anatolian Studies Presented to Maciej Popko
     on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (ed. P. Taracha) (2002) 241-251 FSpopko
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 H. Ehringhaus, Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften. Die Felsreliefs der hethitischen Großreichszeit
in der Türkei, in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 68 (2009) 147-148 ehringhaus
 M. Hale, Historical Linguistics. Theory and Method, in Language 85/1 (2009) 203-206 hale
 G. Neumann, Glossar des Lykischen, in Kratylos 54 (2009) 127-130 neumannglossar
 S. Patri, L’alignment syntaxique dans les langues indo-européennes d’Anatolie, in
      Kratylos54 (2009) 130-132 patri
J. Puhvel, Ultima Indoeuropaea, in Bibliotheca Orientalis 70 (2013) 760-762 puhvelultima
B. Christiansen, Schicksalsbestimmende Kommunikation: Sprachliche, gesellschaftliche
      und religiöse Aspekte hethitischer Fluch-, Segens- und Eidesformeln, in Kratylos
      59 (2014) 244-245 christiansen
G. Wilhelm (ed.), Ḫattuša-Boğazköy: Das Hethiterreich im Spannungsfeld des Alten
      Orients. 6. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 22.–24.
      März 2006, Würzburg, in Kratylos 59 (2014) 242-243
A. Payne and J. Wintjes, Lords of Asia Minor: An Introduction to the Lydians, in
          Bryn MawrClassical Review 2017.03.30 (http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2017/2017-03-30.html)
M. Maier, Hethitisch ºwant- und Verwan(d)tes, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 121
            (2017) 178-180maier
A. Payne, Schrift und Schriftlichkeit. Die anatolische Hieroglyphenschrift, in Journal of the
      American Oriental Society (to appear)
A. Kloekhorst, Accent in Hittite: A Study in Plene Spelling, Consonant Gradation, Clitics,
            and Metrics, in Journal of the American Oriental Society
            (to appear)

Electronic Publications:
'The Trilingual Inscription of the Létôon.  Lycian Version,' posted December, 2000, at
    www.achemenet.com/ pdf/lyciens/letoon.pdf (5 pp.)
'Anatolian Languages' (with Theo van den Hout and Philo H. J. Houwinkten Cate); 'Carian Language; Luwian Language; Lycian Language; Lydian Language; Palaic Language' Encyclopaedia Britannica, posted January, 2008 at www.britannica.com/eb/article-74591/Anatolian-languages (18 pp.)
'Local Adverbs In Hittite: Synchrony and Diachrony', Language and Linguistic Compass
      3/2 (2009) 607-620 localadverbs
'Remarks on the Kuttamuwa Stele,' Kubaba 1 (2010) 4-11 posted July, 2010 at www.fcsh.unl.pt/~kubaba/KUBABA/
'Hittite and Hieroglyphic Luvian arha ‘away’: Common Inheritance or Borrowing?' Contact
      Among Genetically Related Languages, ed. P. Epps, J. Huehnergard, N. Pat-El
      (= Journal of Language Contact 6.2) (2013) 300-312 jcl6
In memoriam Annelies Kammenhuber.  Kratylos 43 (1998) 222-224 kammenhuber
Hans Gustav Güterbock. Oriental Institute 1999-2000 Annual Report (2000) 5-7 güterbock
Erich Neu (1936-1999). Indo-European Studies Bulletin, UCLA 9/2 (2001) 20 neu
In memoriam AlexandrLehrman. Journal of Indo-European Studies 41.1/2 (2013) 311-317
(with Ilya Yakubovich) lehrman
In memoriam Calvert Watkins. Journal of Indo-European Studies 41.3/4 (2013) 506-526

Archives scientifiques du CFEETK

Archives scientifiques du CFEETK

Open Access Journal: Letras Clássicas

[First posted in AWOL 4 November 2014, updated (new URLs) 14 January 2018]

Letras Clássicas
ISSN: 1516-4586
eISSN: 2358-3150
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A Revista "Letras Clássicas" é o veículo oficial do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras Clássicas da Universidade de São Paulo - Brasil.
Seu objetivo é divulgar pesquisas recentes acerca dos temas atinentes à Área de Letras Clássicas sob a forma de Artigos, Resenhas, Traduções e Notícias.
Letras Clássicas destina-se a pesquisadores e estudiosos da área de Estudos Clássicos: Arqueologia, História Antiga, Filosofia Antiga e Letras Clássicas, além dos pesquisadores em Língua e Literatura como um todo.


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No 14 (2010)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é a poesia épica.


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No 13 (2009)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é o Renascimento.


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No 12 (2008)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é a tragédia grega.


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No 11 (2007)

Este número de Letras Clássicas é dedicado aos estudos da língua grega e da língua latina – não só aos estudos da gramática, mas aos estudos dos gramáticos gregos e latinos.


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No 10 (2006)

Este número de Letras Clássicas é dedicado às composições mélicas, elegíacas e iâmbicas de autores gregos e latinos.


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No 9 (2005)

O número 9 de Letras Clássicas é dedicado ao problema da distinção entre os gêneros de discurso.


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No 8 (2004)

O eixo temático deste número de Letras Clássicas são as relações entre as várias disciplinas dos estudos clássicos, isto é, as relações entre a arqueologia clássica, a epigrafia greco-romana, a filosofia antiga, a história antiga,a numismática greco-romana e, certamente, as letras clássicas.


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No 7 (2003)

Este número é dedicado ao riso, isto é, ao estudo dos gêneros, fontes e fins do risível, segundo textos gregos e latinos, em verso (= iambo, elegia, mélica, comédia, sátira) e em prosa (= discurso oratório, diálogo filosófico).


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No 6 (2002)

Este número é dedicado às relações entre mito e história presentes nos textos épicos, trágicos e historiográficos gregos e latinos.


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No 5 (2001)

Este número de Letras clássicas é dedicado à poesia épica greco-latina.


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No 4 (2000)

Este número consagra-se à retórica e à poética greco-latina. Há também estudo sobre os autores indianos que trataram retórica ou poética a partir do séc. VII d.C. e estudos sobre a retórica praticada na Europa nos tempos modernos, quer nas contendas teológicas do séc. XVI, quer na corte das monarquias absolutistas do séc. XVII.


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No 3 (1999)

Este número dedica-se ao filósofo e escritor Sêneca.


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No 2 (1998)

Este número norteia-se pela figura de Platão.


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Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

CAA UK 2018 Edinburgh CFP

The UK chapter of CAA hosts a conference each year, a perfect opportunity for UK-based researchers to get in touch with their community of computational archaeology practitioners. It’s been a very good place to showcase archaeological network research in the past, so send in those abstracts. CFP deadline 23 February 2018. The organisers of CAA-UK... Continue Reading →

January 14, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Annales Instituti Archaeologici

[First posted in AWOL 10 August 2010. Updated 14 January 2018]

Annales Instituti Archaeologici
ISSN: 1845-4046
Časopis je utemeljen 2005. godine pod nazivom Annales Instituti Archaeologici – AIA (Godišnjak Instituta za arheologiju) u Zagrebu.

Objavljuje rezultate arheoloških istraživanja i terenske preglede Instituta za arheologiju.

Izlazi jednom godišnje (jedan volumen, jedan broj).

Financijsku potporu daje Ministarstvo znanosti, obrazovanja i športa

The journal was founded in 2005 by Institute of Archaeology (Zagreb) and originally entitled Annales Instituti Archaeologici – AIA.

The journal publishes results of the archaeological excavations and field surveys carried by Institute of Archaeology. It is being published once a year (one volume, one number).

Supported by Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of Croatia.
Vol. XIII   No. 1
Vol. XII   No. 1
Vol. XI   No. 1
Vol. X   No. 1
Vol. IX   No. 1
Vol. VIII   No. 1
Vol. VII   No. 1
Vol. VI   No. 1
Vol. V   No. 1
Vol. IV   No. 1
Vol. III   No. 1
Vol. II   No. 1
Vol. I   No. 1

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Reviving Palmyra in Multiple Dimensions, images, ruins and cultural memory


Reviving Palmyra in Multiple Dimensions, images, ruins and cultural memory è un libro pubblicato a Febbraio 2018, da Minna Silver, Gabriele Fangi e Ahmet Denker. E' un classico esempio di archeologia digitale e ricostruzione virtuale, che si inserisce nella letteratura di riferimento come un studio di fondamentale importanza nell'ambito della documentazione digitale dei beni culturali. Il testo si propone come un esauriente ed affascinante studio del sito archeologico di Palmira, al quale conferisce nuova vita attraverso le moderne tecnologie, partendo dalle rovine dell'antica città.

La città di Palmira, situata in un oasi a Nord della badiya siriana, fiorì nel periodo Greco-Romano. Da sempre crocevia per le carovane che si dirigevano verso Est, sulla Via della Seta, fu uno dei centri più fervidi della Grande Siria: tant'è vero che fu descritta con caratteristici soprannomi come "Regina del Deserto" o "Venezia delle Sabbie".  

Tutti conoscono le vicende che si sono succedute nell'antica città in questi ultimi anni, i motivi per cui essa voleva essere distrutta e le distruzioni che sono state messe in atto. Tuttavia, attraverso l'uso delle moderne tecnologie tra cui la fotogrammetria, le immagini digitali e la modellazione 3D è stato possibile ricostruire digitalmente la città , superando così in qualche misura il trauma, la distruzione culturale e la perdita subita.

Il libro svela la riscoperta del sito da parte dell'Occidente e ravviva e ricostruisce l'antica città attraverso le sue immagini e la sua storia. Il lettore viene introdotto alla spettacolare città e al suo passato con tutte le informazioni necessarie per seguire, sin dalle sue radici, lo sviluppo del sito archeologico, dei suoi monumenti e della sua gente attraverso i secoli. Il binomio tra visualizzazione 3D e narrazione collega l'ambiente con la sua gente e i monumenti con i piccoli reperti archeologici attraverso antiche fonti scritte, vecchie fotografie, nuove immagini, modelli 3D e stampa 3D.

Così questo antico sito e il suo passato rivivono in più dimensioni.I monumenti sono visualizzati come rovine digitalmente ricostruite o come modelli virtuali completi. Una guida perfetta per i lettori che desiderano immergersi visivamente nella storia della città, e scoprire di più sull'archeologia e sulla sua conservazione attraverso le tecnologie più innovative.


Introducing the memory of the place; Approaching Palmyra from air, space and by land; Revealing cities beneath cities; Individual, families and tribes in inscriptions and images; Palmyra’s destiny between Rome and Persia; The Temple of Bel at the core of Palmyra; The Triumphal Arch and the Grand Colonnade; Sacred and public spaces along the Grand Colonnade; The tombs for the eternal souls of Palmyreans; The Camp of Diocletian, the Christian Basilicas and the Arab Citadel; Appendix – The documentation of the architectural heritage by spherical photogrammetry.

ideal for all who have an interest in archaeology or the application of modern geomatics and digital techniques in its preservation. Professionals and students in archaeology, heritage and conservation, museums and related areas will find it interesting and stimulating as will anyone in geomatics involved with the application of such techniques to recording heritage.


January 13, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Vías Romanas en Castilla y León

Vías Romanas en Castilla y León
Vuelta a la Portada
En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de una labor de investigación llevada a cabo entre los años 2007 a 2010, circunscrita a la Comunidad de Castilla y León. Muchas de las identificaciones proceden de labores que el autor llevaba realizando bastantes años antes sobre la caminería antigua en general y sobre la romana en particular. Se han conseguido identificar unos 2400 kilómetros de caminos romanos ciertos, cuyos vestigios estructurales, constructivos, toponímicos y epigráficos, en este orden y en razón al valor de cada uno de estos factores, nos han determinado su existencia. Vías Romanas en Castilla y León. 

  01 Cerezo de Riotirón a León
  02 Astorga a Braga por el Tera
  03 Astorga a Braga por el Sil
  04 Astorga al Bierzo
  05 Cacabelos a Lugo
  06 Astorga a León
  07 Astorga a Lancia
  08 Mérida a Salamanca
  09 Salamanca a Villalazán
  10 Villalazán a Montealegre
  11 Segovia a Cercedilla
  12 Villalazán a Castrogonzalo
  13 Tarazona a Numancia
  14 Numancia a Osma
  15 Osma a Clunia
  16A Clunia a Simancas
  16B Simancas a Astorga
  17 Briviesca a Vitoria
  18 Sasamón a Herrera de Pisuerga
  19 Herrera de Pisuerga a Retortillo
  20 Sasamón a Villalazán
  21 Salamanca a Ávila
  22 Medinaceli a Tiermes
  23 Sigüenza a Monreal de Ariza
  24 Numancia a Lara y a Sasamón
  25 Osma a Tiermes
  26 Clunia a Sasamón
  27 Castro Urdiales a Osma de Álava
KMZ Instrucciones

January 12, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Bristol Institute of Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition Annual Report

Bristol Institute of Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition Annual Report
The IGRCT promotes research into all aspects of Greco-Roman culture from antiquity to the present day, in the belief that classical culture remains a vital influence in the modern world. It embraces research from many fields, including history of all kinds, archaeology, literary studies, art history and philosophy, and has a particular focus on research that explores the links between ancient and modern.
The Institute was formed in 2004 through the merger of the Bristol Institute of Hellenic and Roman Studies, founded in 2000 by Robert Fowler, and the Bristol Centre for the Classical Tradition, founded by the late Thomas Wiedemann. It achieves its aims by hiring postdoctoral research fellows and supporting their research, inviting distinguished scholars to give seminars and lectures, holding symposia and conferences, cultivating international links with other scholars and organisations, and supporting the development of research projects in the faculty.
The work of the Institute would be impossible without the generous contributions of individual and corporate donors, and we would like to express our gratitude for their continued support.

Open Access Journal: Gallia Préhistoire

Gallia Préhistoire
ISSN électronique: 2109-9642
Couverture Gallia Prehistoire 56

Gallia Préhistoire (Préhistoire de la France dans son contexte européen) a pour objectif la diffusion de résultats originaux et inédits, de découvertes significatives d’intérêt suprarégional et de synthèses thématiques en Préhistoire et Protohistoire, du Paléolithique ancien à la fin de l’âge du Bronze. La revue publie des articles de synthèse, thématiques ou présentant en détail des données inédites et contextualisées dans les problématiques actuelles. Écrits en français ou en anglais, les articles sont évalués en aveugle par au moins deux rapporteurs. Ils sont publiés en ligne au fil de l’eau et rassemblés en fin d’année dans un volume papier. Des Suppléments (au format papier uniquement) rassemblent des études monographiques, de grandes synthèses et des corpus présentant un intérêt majeur ou des avancées significatives pour l'archéologie préhistorique.
Les numéros 1 à 55 (1958-2013) sont disponibles sur Persée.
56 | 2016

Open Access Book: Centaurs, Rioting in Thessaly: Memory and the Classical World

Centaurs, Rioting in Thessaly: Memory and the Classical World

Author: Martyn Hudson
ISBN: 9781947447400 Year: 2018 Pages: 116 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books





| Free access | Buy the book

This book treads new paths through the labyrinths of our human thought. It meanders through the darkness to encounter the monsters at the heart of the maze: Minotaurs, Centaurs, Automata, Makers, Humans. One part of our human thought emerges from classical Ionia and Greek civilisation more generally. We obsessively return to that thought, tread again its pathways, re-enact its stories, repeat its motifs and gestures. We return time and time again to construct and re-construct the beings which were part of its cosmology and mythology – stories enacted from a classical world which is itself at once imaginary and material.The “Never Never Lands” of the ancient world contain fabulous beasts and humans and landscapes of desire and violence. We encounter the rioting Centaurs there and never again cease to conjure them up time and time again through our history. The Centaur mythologies display a fascination with animals and what binds and divides human beings from them. The Centaur hints ultimately at the idea of the genesis of civilisation itself.The Labyrinth, constructed by Daedalus, is itself a prison and a way of thinking about making, designing, and human aspiration. Designed by humans it offers mysteries that would be repeated time and time again – a motif which is replicated through human history. Daedalus himself is an archetype for creation and mastery, the designer of artefacts and machines which would be the beginning of forays into the total domination of nature.Centaurs, Labyrinths, Automata offer clues to the origins and ultimately the futures of humanity and what might come after it.ABOUT THE AUTHORMartyn Hudson is the coordinator of the Co-Curate North East digital archives and machines project at Newcastle University in the School of Arts and Cultures, as well as a Lecturer in Art and Design History. He has published widely in landscape, history, music, and archives. His book The Slave Ship, Memory and the Origin of Modernity was published by Routledge in 2016, and he has two other books forthcoming from Routledge: Ghosts, Landscapes and Social Memory and Species and Machines: The Human Subjugation of Nature

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Tokyo: The Virtual City

In May of 2017 while in Tokyo I visited Meiji shrine in Shinjuku for the Spring Grand Festival, a series of traditional performances including dance, archery and theater. After returning home, I posted a few photos of the event to social media, as people of my generation tend to do. I soon received a comment from a friend. “Oh wow, I’m there right now!”

His comment took me by surprise. I had no idea my friend was in Japan, much less that they were at Meiji shrine that day. I quickly messaged him to see how long he would remain in the Shinjuku area and if he would like to get dinner that evening, or at the very least meet up later in the week.  “No, no!” my friend explained. “I’m at Meiji shrine in Persona 5. Your picture was so much like Meiji shrine in the game,” he went to on say, “that I knew exactly where you were.”

Meiji shrine in Persona 5.

Meiji shrine in the winter of 2010.

Persona 5 is a video game by Atlus where players travel around a virtual Tokyo. Meiji shrine is a major location within the game, where the player can meet with certain characters to advance the storyline and develop personal relationships. It is part of the immersive and interactive quality of games that my friend was able to say he was at Meiji shrine without it seeming like a strange comment to him.

Tokyo is one of the most represented cities in the world in popular culture. Like Los Angeles or New York, Tokyo often shows up in both Japanese and foreign media. However, Tokyo holds a particular position in the Japanese imagination. Not only the capital, Tokyo it is the center of cultural production and a vision of the nation itself, an aspect I wish to explore in my project. Tokyo’s preeminence in popular culture is also bolstered by the Japanese artistic tendency to accurately render real world locations in animation and video games, two of Japan’s most popular exports–and frankly how most foreigners learn about Japan. Unlike American cartoons which tend to use generic towns or fictional cities as their settings, many anime and games faithfully copy real world locations with exacting detail, lending an air of familiarity and normality to even the most unreal worlds of giant robots patrolling Chiyoda and magical girls dueling on the rooftops of Ginza.

Akihabara in Akiba’s Trip.

Akihabara, circa winter 2016.

While depictions of Tokyo within anime and film are intriguing, they do not hold the same possibilities for my project as do recreations of the city in video games. Film and television do not extend the same sensation of “being there,” the sort of extended telepresence that made my friend feel like he was at Meiji shrine. If my friend had been watching a film on Tokyo that had a scene with Meiji shrine at the moment he read my post, his reaction would not have been to say he was there. The immersive quality of games, particularly those open world games that allow a player to freely wander and explore, open the door to a new way of presenting historic sites to the public.

Persona 5 is not alone in allowing a player to visit a virtual Tokyo. The game Akiba’s Trip renders the real world location and pop culture mecca of Akihabara as its battlefield. For those familiar with Akihabara, the game delights in modelling a familiar urban landscape, where a player can run down an alleyway to see if the intersection he knows is ahead is also rendered in the game. Yet the game replicates Akihabara accurately enough that a first time visitor who is a veteran player of Akiba’s Trip can navigate the area as well as someone who has spent a substantial amount of time there–perhaps even better. It is this transmission of knowledge that interests me, the ability to spatially construct a virtual Tokyo of 1964 for a person visiting my web site to the point where they can understand how the city was transformed and laid out as intuitively as knowing where their corner grocery store is in relation to their place of work.

My friend’s comments helped influence how I wanted to develop my CHI project. It is one thing to show a visitor photos and maps of a location. It is another to attempt to bring them into the world you are recreating, to give the impression of actually having been there—electronically at least. While some of the more ambitious means of immersion like virtual or augmented reality are outside the scope of the project—for now—I began to imagine my project by thinking along these lines. Instead of bringing Tokyo to site visitors, my site would endeavor to bring the visitor to Tokyo. A subtle distinction perhaps, but one that I believe will set my project apart. The question of how to translate this vision into a workable project is the subject of my next post.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

It’s cold and snowy and cold here in North Dakotaland, but we all have plenty to do between snow removal, the start of classes, and good ole North Dakotee-Style keepin’ busy. 

As I continue to ponder the future of this blog and various bits and pieces of my computer infrastructure, I’m wondering whether any of my dedicated readers can give me tips for web clipper program. For years, I’ve used Evernote, which used to be great, but now is a bloated catastrophe of bugs, useless (and unsupported) features, and memory. I just want something simple that lets me save pages for my quick hits and varia from my phone or my laptop into the cloud. 

In the meantime, here are this week’s quick hits and varia:

IMG 1660Milo was here.

IMG 1626Spare Paws.

January 11, 2018

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Lady Jane Grey on the BBC iPlayer

Fans of the British Library and of the Tudors alike will be delighted to know that the documentary, England's Forgotten Queen: The Life and Death of Lady Jane Grey, is now available to watch on the BBC's iPlayer (UK viewers only). There are three episodes in total, presented by Helen...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Newly open access in the Bibliothèque archéologique et historique: La vallée engloutie

Newly open access in the Bibliothèque archéologique et historique

al-Ṯurayyā Project

al-Ṯurayyā Project
This is a new working version of the al-Ṯurayyā project which currently includes the gazetteer (al-Ṯurayyā Gazetteer, or al-Thurayyā Gazetteer), and the geospatial model of the early Islamic world. Both parts of the project are still under development.
Gazetteer: The gazetteer currently includes over 2,000 toponyms and almost as many route sections georeferenced from Georgette Cornu’s Atlas du monde arabo-islamique à l'époque classique: IXe-Xe siècles (Leiden: Brill, 1983). Tabs relevant to the gazetteer are as follows:
is the current tab with the general information about the project;
is the ‘Technical information’ of a selected toponym (URI, coord_certainty, language, names, region_URI, source, top_type), which is used for placing it on the map;
is the description(s) of a selected toponym from Arabic sources (at the moment, only al-Ḥimyarī’s Rawḍ al-miʿṭār). Records from primary sources are matched automatically, with the % of the match shown in parenthesis.
Search panel. Since the gazetteer currently does not include English versions of placenames, one must search for Arabic names: for example, Dimashq instead of Damascus. One can use Arabic or simplified transliteration (LOC transliteration scheme).
The previous version of the gazetteer can be found here. You can browse this version by clicking on any toponym marker. The popup will show the toponym both in Arabic script and transliterated (On transliteration scheme, see below). The popup also offers a selection of possible sources on a toponym in question. You can check Arabic Sources: currently, al-Samʿānī’s Kitāb al-ansāb and Yāqūt’s Muʿjam al-buldān. The Gazetteer shows only exact matches, which means that in some cases there will not be any entry at all, while in other cases there may be more than one and they may refer to other places with the same name. You can also check if there is information on a toponym in question in Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam, Pleiades, and Wikipedia.
Geospatial model currently consists of a two main modules (work in progress) which plot 1) routes and itineraries of various complexity; and 2) networks of reachable places from selected centers. Tabs relevant to the geospatial model are as follows:
The maps of provinces. The extent of each province is modeled by coloring places and route sections associated with the same province in Cornu’s data. Route sections that begin in one region and end in another are colored in grey, thus denoting space between provinces. This way of representing provinces allows showing the extent of a province in question without imposing “borderlines”.
Technical information on route sections. This tab is mostly for development purposes, although one can find there useful information, including ID, start and end points, and the length in meters (Complete list includes: sToponym, eToponym, id, Meter, eTitle, eTitleAr, eUri, sTitle, sTitleAr, sUri).
Pathfinding allows one to model paths between two and more locations (naval travel is not implemented). The modeled path will be presented as the shortest and the optimal options. One can introduce additional route points between the source and the destination to model a more complex itinerary. NB: The shortest option generates the shortest path in the network, using Dijkstra algorithm; the optimal path tries to find the shortest path with the highest number of stations and settlements along the way (under the assumption that such paths are safer).
Modeling of the network of settlements reachable from a selected point within a certain number of days. One can also model a multicenter network for comparative purposes.
Path analysis tab (for internal research purposes).
Note on the transliteration scheme: The website uses a somewhat unconventional transliteration system, which was developed to facilitate computational analysis. Unlike more traditional transliteration schemes the current one uses one-to-one letter representation, with every Arabic letter transcribed distinctively, which allows for an automatic conversion between transliteration and the Arabic script. The overall scheme should be easily recognizable to Arabists (new letters are as follows: ŧ for tāʾ marbuṭaŧ; ã for dagger alif; and á for alif maqṣūraŧ).

Newly available in the Achemenet Digital Library

Newly available in the Achemenet Digital Library

Jean Chardin
Voyages de Monsieur le chevalier Chardin en Perse et autre lieux de l’Orient
Edited by Philip Stewart (with an introduction)
 Voyages de Monsieur le chevalier Chardin en Perse et autre lieux de l’Orient

In the course of two long sojourns in Persia, Jean Chardin (1643-1713), a jeweler by trade, Parisian and Protestant by civil status, and imbued with classic letters, took it on himself to perfect his knowledge of every aspect of the Persian world. Unlike other well- known Frenchmen who travelled in the Orient in the same time frame, he took the time to master the Persian language. His writings were long the canonical source for anyone seeking information on Persia and other Muslim countries.

There has not been a serious edition of his Voyages de Chardin en Perse et autres lieux de l’Orient for two centuries. The present enterprise is best understood in the context of the fragmentary and troubled history of the earlier editions... 

Persika 2, 2001
Irrigation et drainage dans l’Antiquité

Open Access Monograph Series: Gaziantep Regional Project Occasional Publications (GRPOP) Online

Gaziantep Regional Project Occasional Publications (GRPOP)
ISSN: 2284-2780 
"Gaziantep Regional Project Occasional Publications," edited by Nicolò Marchetti, are non-periodical scientific studies and reports about the socio-cultural heritage and natural environment of the region of Gaziantep by the Turco-Italian Archaeological Expedition to Karkemish. GRPOP is open also to scientists from all fields and from any affiliation, contributions are peer-reviewed, enquiries may be sent to the Editorial Assistant.

Printed versions of GRPOP may soon be purchased at Ante Quem.
2013: 1 G.M. Bargossi, G. Gasparotto, M. Marocchi Tilmen Höyük: Petrographic and Geochemical Investigation on Lithic Remains from the Palace Area. 30/11/2013
2013: 2 V. Minguzzi, E. Esquilini, E. Zantedeschi Tilmen Höyük: A Mineralogical-geochemical Characterization of Some MBA and LBA Pottery Samples. 30/11/2013
2013: 3 P. Rossi Pisa, M. Speranza, M. Bittelli, H. Çakan Tilmen Höyük: Climate, Soil, Hydrology and Vegetation. 30/11/2013
2013: 4 N. Macchioni, S. Lazzeri Tilmen Höyük: Identification of Wood Species from Areas E and G. 30/11/2013
2013: 5 Y.S. Erdal Tilmen Höyük: Human Skeletal Remains from Area Q. 30/11/2013
2013: 6 M. Carra Tilmen Höyük: Archaeobotanical Remains from Area E. 30/11/2013
2013: 7 G. Marchesi Tilmen Höyük: An Inscribed Bulla from the 1962 Campaign. 30/11/2013
2014: 1 A. Adamo, C. Cappuccino Karkemish. L’Area C: contesti e materiali degli scavi del 2011. 30/12/2014
2016: 1 A. Bonomo, F. Zaina Karkemish. Report on the 2011 and 2012 Excavations in Area F. 01/09/2016
2017: 1 V. Gallerani, A. Vacca, F. Zaina Catalogue of the Pottery Materials from Karkemish in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara 01/11/2017

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Polo DiCultHer Calabria - Scuole Calabria On The Road


Con l’inciso “Il patrimonio culturale esiste solo in quanto è riconosciuto come tale”, in data 26 giugno 2017 si è stipulato Protocollo d’intesa tra l’USR per la Calabria e Scuola a rete in Digital Cultural Heritage, Arts and Humanities – DiCultHer: l’accordo prevede la promozione di un Sistema di Formazione ed Educazione al patrimonio culturale mediante momenti e attività di riflessione e di programmazione comuni sulle tematiche connesse alla tutela, conservazione e valorizzazione dello stesso, da perseguire con azioni volte a favorire l’uso delle tecnologie nella didattica, al fine di potenziare le competenze dei docenti e degli studenti nel campo del digitale.

Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities

Announcing the Spring 2018 Digital Dialogues lineup!

MITH’s Spring 2018 Digital Dialogues season is about to get underway! Starting in mid-February with Jarrett Drake from Harvard, we have SIX amazing speakers covering a wide range of research specialties:

Tuesday February 13, 2018: Jarrett Drake, Ph.D. Student in Social Anthropology (Harvard University)
Repositories of Failure: Creating Abolitionist Archives to Project Past the Punishment Paradigm
In conjunction with the African American History, Culture & Digital Humanities (AADHum) initiative

Tuesday February 20, 2018: Emad Khazraee, Assistant Professor, School of Information (Kent State University) and Fellow, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society (Harvard University)
Persian Twitter: A Transforming Social Media Landscape
In conjunction with the Roshan Institute for Persian Studies

Tuesday February 27,  2018: Alison Langmead, Clinical Associate Professor & Director, Visual Media Workshop and Associate Professor, School of Information Sciences (University of Pittsburgh)
Art and Architectural History and the Performative, Mindful Practice of the Digital Humanities

Tuesday March 13, 2018: Laurie Allen, Assistant Director for Digital Scholarship (University of Pennsylvania Libraries) and Research Director (Monument Lab)
Monument Lab: Cultural Memory and Artistic Imagination as Open Civic Data

Wednesday* March 28, 2018: Kaiama Glover, Associate Professor of French and Africana Studies (Barnard College) and Editor (sx archipelagos)
If We Build It, They Will Come: Mapping an Intellectual History of the 20th Century Afro-Atlantic
*please note that this is talk is on a Wednesday, not a Tuesday

Tuesday April 3, 2018: Chris Mustazza, Associate Director of PennSound (University of Pennsylvania)
Dialectical Materialities: PennSound, Early Poetry Recordings, and Disc-to- Disk Translations

All talks are at 12:30 pm in the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities Conference Room, 0301 Hornbake Library North, and are open to the public. Speakers will be listed on the Digital Dialogues schedule here, which will be updated with more information about each talk as it becomes available.

Digital Dialogues is MITH’s signature events program, held during the academic year, and is an occasion for discussion, presentation and intellectual exchange that you can build into your schedule. 


The post Announcing the Spring 2018 Digital Dialogues lineup! appeared first on Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Realtà aumentata, realtà virtuale e computer graphics a Salento AVR 2018


SALENTO AVR 2018 si propone di riunire la comunità di ricercatori e scienziati al fine di discutere questioni chiave, approcci, idee, problematiche condivise, applicazioni innovative e tendenze sulla realtà virtuale e aumentata, visualizzazione 3D e computer grafica nei settori della medicina, beni culturali, arti, educazione, intrattenimento, militari e applicazioni industriali.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Teaching Thursday: The Syllabus for a Class on the UND Budget Cuts

Over the past couple of years, I’ve had a growing interest in higher education policy and history. Most of this stems from my close attention to a series of budget cuts here at the University of North Dakota and my general dissatisfaction with the deluge of publications on the history and policy in higher education. Most of these seem to be either technocratic or variations on the jeremiad which presupposes a crisis in order to hand-wring (at worst) or to justify radical or reactionary changes in the practice and policies in higher education.   

While I was fretting about this, I decided to offer a “pop up class” in our honors program on the UND budget with the idea that it would be useful to learn how students view both higher education, in general, and UND in particular. It would also give me a chance to “think out loud” about the constant state of flux at UND and the prevailing sense of crisis. Some of those “out loud” thoughts have become part of an essay that I’m writing for a special issue of North Dakota Quarterly (part 1, part 2, part 3).

My thinking over the past year or so has shaped the course’s four goals:

  1. To become more familiar with the complexities of the modern university and UND, in particular. 
  2. To encourage critical thinking about the institutional structure of higher education in the U.S. in a historical context and local context.
  3. To understand the relationship between the institutional organization and the purpose of the university. 
  4. To produce a short guide to the UND budget for students that allows them to be more critical consumers and participants in university life.

The main books that I’m using are Christopher Newfields, The Great Mistake: How We Wrecked Public Universities and How We Can Fix Them (2016), which I blogged about here, and David Labaree’s A Perfect Mess: The Unlikely Ascendency of American Higher Education (2017) which I’ve blogged about here.

I’ll do my best to keep folks up dated on my class. In the meantime, do check out my syllabus which I’ve posted here.

Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

PhD funding Ancient Near Eastern networks

The below PhD funding opportunity will be of interest to archaeologists/historians with an interest in network analysis and the ancient near east. ANEE is pleased to announce we are looking for doctoral candidates. Application text below, link here: <https://www.helsinki.fi/en/open-positions/doctoral-researchers-anee-1-3> The Centre of Excellence in “Ancient Near Eastern Empires” (ANEE) at the University of Helsinki will run... Continue Reading →

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Ps.Chrysostom, De Susanna Sermo – Coptic version translated by Anthony Alcock

Anthony Alcock continues to turn Coptic texts into English.  His latest contribution to us all is a translation of the Coptic version of pseudo-Chrysostom, De Susanna Sermo, a homily on the apocryphal book of Susanna:

For comparison, a draft translation of the original Greek text (PG 56: 589-594, CPG 4567) by “K.P.” is online at Academic here.

Both are useful.  Thank you!

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto: Sezione: Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali

[First posted in AWOL 31 October 2009. Updated 10 January 2018]

Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto: Sezione: Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali
ISSN: 1720-9161
Gli Annali, redatti con il contributo di numerosi ricercatori, consentono di divulgare l'attività museale e didattica nelle varie sezioni e di presentare le novità scientifiche di maggior interesse. 
Ad alcuni numeri degli Annali ha fatto seguito la pubblicazione di Supplementi, che riportano Atti di Convegni.
Per ogni volume edito sono disponibili on line la riproduzione della copertina e l'indice.
Per quanto riguarda gli Annali, inoltre, è possibile scaricare gratuitamente l'intera rivista in formato *.pdf. 

I Supplementi invece possono essere acquistati - fino ad esaurimento scorte - nell'e-shop del Museo.

January 10, 2018

The Signal: Digital Preservation

Digital Scholarship Resource Guide: Making Digital Resources, Part 2 of 7

This is part two in a seven part resource guide for digital scholarship by Samantha Herron, our 2017 Junior Fellow. Part one is available here, and the full guide is available as a PDF download

Creating Digital Documents

book scanner

Internet Archive staff members such as Fran Akers, above, scan books from the Library’s General Collections that were printed before 1923.  The high-resolution digital books are made available online at www.archive.org­ within 72 hours of scanning. 

The first step in creating an electronic copy of an analog (non-digital) document is usually scanning it to create a digitized image (for example, a .pdf or a .jpg). Scanning a document is like taking an electronic photograph of it–now it’s in a file format that can be saved to a computer, uploaded to the Internet, or shared in an e-mail. In some cases, such as when you are digitizing a film photograph, a high-quality digital image is all you need. But in the case of textual documents, a digital image is often insufficient, or at least inconvenient. In this stage, we only have an image of the text; the text isn’t yet in a format that can be searched or manipulated by the computer (think: trying to copy & paste text from a picture you took on your camera–it’s not possible).

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is an automated process that extracts text from a digital image of a document to make it readable by a computer. The computer scans through an image of text, attempts to identify the characters (letters, numbers, symbols), and stores them as a separate “layer” of text on the image.

Example Here is a digitized copy of Alice in Wonderland in the Internet Archive. Notice that though this ebook is made up of scanned images of a physical copy, you can search the full text contents in the search bar. The OCRed text is “under” this image, and can be accessed if you select “FULL TEXT” from the Download Options menu. Notice that you can also download a .pdf.epub, or many other formats of the digitized book.

Though the success of OCR depends on the quality of the software and the quality of the photograph–even sophisticated OCR has trouble navigating images with stray ink blots or faded type–these programs are what allow digital archives users to not only search through catalog metadata, but through the full contents of scanned newspapers (as in Chronicling America) and books (as in most digitized books available from libraries and archives).

ABBYY FineReader, an OCR software.

ABBYY FineReader, an OCR software.

As noted, the automated OCR text often needs to be “cleaned” by a human reader. Especially with older, typeset texts that have faded or mildewed or are otherwise irregular, the software may mistake characters or character combinations for others (e.g. the computer might take “rn” to be “m” or “cat” to be “cot” and so on). Though often left “dirty,” OCR that has not been checked through prevents comprehensive searches: if one were searching a set of OCRed texts for every instance of the word “happy,” the computer would not return any of the instances where “happy” had been read as “hoppy” or “hoopy” (and conversely, would inaccurately find where the computer had read “hoppy” to be “happy”). Humans can clean OCR by hand to “train” the computer to interpret characters more accurately (see: machine learning).

In this image of some OCR, we can see some of the errors–the “E”s in the title were interpreted as “Q”s, in the third line, a “t’” was interpreted by the computer as an “f”.

Example of raw OCR text.

Example of raw OCR text.

Even with imperfect OCR, digital text is helpful for both close readings and distant reading. In addition to more complex computational tasks, digital text allows users to, for instance, find the page number of a quote they remember, or find out if a text ever mentions Christopher Colombus. Text search, enabled by digital text, has changed the way that researchers use database and read documents.

Metadata + Text Encoding

Bibliographic search–locating items in a collections–is one of the foundational tasks of libraries. Computer-searchable library catalogs have revolutionized this task for patrons and staff, enabling users to find more relevant materials more quickly.

Metadata is “data about data”. Bibliographic metadata is what makes up catalog records, from the time of card catalogs to our present day electronic databases. Every item in a library’s holdings has a bibliographic record made up of this metadata–key descriptors of an item that help users find an item when they need it. For example, metadata about a book might include its title, author, publishing date, ISBN, shelf location, and so on. In a electronic catalog search, this metadata is what allows users to increasingly narrow their results to materials targeted to their needs: Rich, accurate metadata, produced by human catalogers, allow users to find in a library’s holdings, for example, 1. any text material, 2. written in Spanish, 3.  about Jorge Luis Borges, 4. between 1990-2000.


Washington, D.C. Jewal Mazique [i.e. Jewel] cataloging in the Library of Congress. Photo by John Collier, Winter 1942. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/fsa.8d02860

Metadata needs to be in a particular format to be read by the computer. A markup language is a system for annotating text to give the computer instructions about what each piece of information is. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is one of the most common ways of structuring catalog metadata, because it is legible to both humans and machines.

XML uses tags to label data items. Tags can be embedded inside each other as well. In the example below, <recipe> is the first tag. All of the tags inside between <recipe> and it’s end tag </recipe>, (<title>, <ingredient list>, and <preparation>) are components of <recipe>. Further, <ingredient> is a component of <ingredient list>.

MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging) standards, developed in the 1960s by Henriette Avram at the Library of Congress, is the international standard data format for the description of items held by libraries. Here are the MARC tags for one of the hits from our Jorge Luis Borges search above:


The three numbers in the left column are “datafields” and the letters are “subfields”. Each field-subfield combination refers to a piece of metadata. For example, 245$a is the title, 245$b is subtitle, 260$ is the place of publication, and so on. The rest of the fields can be found here.

Here is some example XML.

Here is some example XML.

MARCXML is one way of reading and parsing MARC information, popular because it’s an XML schema (and therefore readable by both human and computer). For example, here is the MARCXML file for the same book from above: https://lccn.loc.gov/99228548/marcxml

The datafields and subfields are now XML tags, acting as ‘signposts’ for the computer about what each piece of information means. MARCXML files can be read by humans (provided they know what each datafield means) as well as computers.

The Library of Congress has made available their 2014 Retrospective MARC files for public use: http://www.loc.gov/cds/products/marcDist.php

Examples The Library of Congress’s MARC data could be used for cool visualizations like Ben Schmidt’s visual history of MARC cataloging at the Library of Congress. Matt Miller used the Library’s MARC data to make a dizzying list of every cataloged book in the Library of Congress.


An example of the uses of MARC metadata for non-text materials is Yale University’s Photogrammar, which uses the location information from the Library of Congress’ archive of US Farm Security Administration photos to create an interactive map.

TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) is another important example of xml-style markup. In addition to capturing metadata, TEI guidelines standardize the markup of a text’s contents. Text encoding tells the computer who’s speaking, when a stanza begins and ends, and denotes which parts of text are stage instructions in a play, for example.

Example Here is a TEI file of Shakespeare’s Macbeth from the Folger Shakespeare Library. Different tags and attributes (the further specifiers within the tags) describe the speaker, what word they are saying, in what scene, what part of speech the word is, etc. With an encoded text like this, it can easily be manipulated to tell you which character says the most words in the play, which adjective is used most often across all of Shakespeare’s works, and so on. If you were interested in the use of the word ‘lady’ in Macbeth, an un-encoded plaintext version would not allow you to distinguish between references to “Lady” Macbeth vs. when a character says the word “lady”. TEI versions allow you to do powerful explorations of texts–though good TEI copies take a lot of time to create.

Understanding the various formats in which data is entered and stored allows us to imagine what kinds of digital scholarship is possible with the library data.

Example The Women Writers Project encodes with TEI texts by early modern women writers and includes some text analysis tools.

Next week’s installment in the Digital Scholarship Resource Guide will show you what you can do with digital data now that you’ve created it. Stay tuned!

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

From my diary

The coughs and colds and tummy bugs of winter have arrived, and I’ve had other things on my mind for the last three weeks.  But there are a few updates.

I’ve been updating my Mithras site with a few extra photographs found online.  Every so often I see one, sometimes on Twitter, and track down the origins of it.  The collection of labelled photographs on my siteis indeed proving useful, I discover, as I hoped; some books on Google Books are including it in their bibliography.

Some more pages of the Vita Compilata of Nicholas of Myra have arrived from the translator, but there’s a long way to go as yet.  The translator is a monk, with no mains power, so this naturally limits what he can do.  But it will be good to have this work in English.

Anthony Alcock has emailed me another translation from Coptic this evening – thank you – which I will upload tomorrow (I think).  It is very good that he is working away on this, and making the first widely available translations from Coptic.

I must get back to work on translating Eutychius.  Sadly my Saturdays are being called on for other purposes at the moment.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

The Mirror of Antiquity: Where we see ourselves in the study of the ancient world

The Mirror of Antiquity: Where we see ourselves in the study of the ancient world
The Mirror of Antiquity features portraits of classical scholars that blend storytelling and academic research. Guests explore how their work on ancient Greece and Rome helps them understand the contemporary world and their own lives. Produced with the support of the Vassar College Department of Greek and Roman Studies. Logo design by Emma Schulte. Listen to the promo here .

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Women of Islamic Studies

Women of Islamic Studies
Women of Islamic Studies is a crowdsourced database of women scholars who work on Muslims and Islam. This ongoing project is in its beta version. Once sufficient data has been collected I will partner with a university for a more stable home.
Women of Islamic Studies is intended to contest the prevalence of all-male and male dominated academic domains, such as editorial boards, conference panels, publications, guest speakers, bibliographies, books reviews, etc. and provide resources to support the recognition, citation, and inclusion of women scholars in the field of Islamic Studies. Anyone who identifies as a woman, gender non-conforming, or non-binary is welcomed on the list. The scholars listed come from a wide variety of disciplines and perspectives. “Islamic Studies” is meant to be as inclusive as possible, meaning anyone whose expertise is related to the understanding of Muslims and the Islamic tradition, and intended to demarcate a disciplinary boundary. Please feel free to list any relevant scholars who work on Islam and Muslims in any capacity. The crowdsourced contents are made possible by many contributors. Please add to our list and help spread the word.
Women of Islamic Studies is inspired by Women of Ancient History. Thanks to Sarah Bond for the support.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

HEIR: The Historic Environment Image Resource

HEIR: The Historic Environment Image Resource
HEIR, the Historic Environment Image Resource, contains digitised historic photographic images from all over the world dating from the late nineteenth century onwards. HEIR’s core images come from lantern slide and glass plate negatives held in college, library, museum and departmental collections within the University of Oxford. New resources are being added all the time, including collections from outside the University.
HEIR’s mission is to keyword the images and rephotograph them in their modern settings so they can be used by researchers from a wide variety of disciplines to track changes to sites, monuments, landscapes and societies over time. You can find out more about HEIR here.
You can help to keyword and discuss the images through HEIRtagger. Rephotograph images with HEIRrephoto and contribute to this valuable resource. Search this database by keyword to find images.
For Terms and Conditions visit here.

HEIR is funded by The Reva and David Logan Foundation and the John Fell Fund at the University of Oxford.
> Geographic search
> Advanced search

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Aperto il Call for Sessions del Convegno Cultural Heritage and New Techonologies XXIII


La prossima edizione del Convegno Cultural Heritage and New Technologies (CHNT 23 - Visual Heritage 2018) sarà organizzata in collaborazione con Eurographics Symposium and Graphics Cultural Heritage, ed altri partners che saranno presto annunciati dagli organizzatori dell'evento. L'evento si svolgerà, come di consueto, presso la City Hall di Vienna (Austria). 

Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities

Jarrett Drake Digital Dialogue

This talk will speculate on the following questions: to what extent and in what ways might communities use archives as avenues to abolish police and prisons in the United States? How can archivists, organizers, and resource allocators use the archive as a means and a method to envision a world without police and prisons, thereby assisting in the construction of a society that relies on new sets of relationships to promote justice? Drawing on historical research and narratives from A People’s Archive of Police Violence in Cleveland, Jarrett Drake will explore the term ‘abolitionist archives’ and describe how they constitute a critical component to the constellation of alternatives to imagine a societal landscape free from our present punishment paradigm.

The post Jarrett Drake Digital Dialogue appeared first on Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Open Access Journal Archive: al-Akhlāq = الاخلاق = Character - v.1 (1920)


Title: al-Akhlāq = الاخلاق
Published: Nīyū yurk, Yaʻqūb Rūfāʼīl.
Publication Date:  Began 1920.
Other Titles: Character
Description:     no. ill. (part col.) ports. 24-31 cm.
Frequency: Monthly
ISSN:     0735-4894

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

La fotogrammetria per ricostruire il mondo in 3D, mappare il territorio e far rivivere monumenti distrutti


Conferenza di Fabio Remondino della Fondazione B. Kessler di Trento che si terrà nella Aerofototeca Nazionale 18 gennaio 2017 alle ore 18:00

Duke Collaboratory for Classics Computing

Digital Servius

The paper linked below is the text of what should have been the paper I delivered at the 2018 AIA/SCS annual meeting. Unfortunately, the conference’s start date coincided with the arrival of the “bomb cyclone” nicknamed Grayson in Boston, which curtailed pretty much all travel up the Eastern seaboard of the United States. It sounds like it was a fantastic meeting, and I was very sorry to miss it.

The paper was written for delivery to an audience of Classicists who know little about TEI, but I think it will be accessible to anyone with a bit of background. So an introduction is in order. The panel was titled “New Age Servius”. Who was Servius, and why should you care? Maurus Servius Honoratus was a 4th/5th century grammarian, an ancient scholar, who wrote a commentary on the works of Vergil. So he’s interesting as an example of ancient scholarship, and also because his commentary preserves lots of knowledge about Roman religion, history, culture and language, as well as quotes from otherwise lost works. The commentary is also interesting because we have it in two distinct versions, the shorter version of Servius and a longer version which compiles Servius’s entries with others, many from another commentary, which may be the one by Aelius Donatus, otherwise lost. The medieval compiler has done more than just mash these texts together: stylistic alterations have been made to make the new text flow better, and some of Servius’s entries have been trimmed. The longer version is known as Servius Auctus or Servius Danielis (Daniel’s Servius) from Pierre Daniel, who first published it in 1600. In the paper, I refer to the shorter version as “Servius” and the longer as “DS”. Since this was meant for oral delivery, I thought there would be less chance of confusing both myself and the audience by maintaining a strong aural distinction between the two.

The history of editions of Servius is a bit fraught. The only complete edition is Thilo’s (vol. 1 from Archive.org) from the 19th century. It combines the two texts into a single one, indicating with italics where text comes only from DS. Combining the texts in this way can’t help but do some violence to both, however. The series commonly known as the “Harvard Servius”, begun by E. K. Rand, who published volume 2 (Aeneid 1-2) in 1946, and continued by A. F. Stocker and A. T. Travis with volume 3 (Aeneid 3–5), 1965, attempted to represent both, but to format the texts in such a way that it was easy to tell what text belongs to DS and what to Servius. P. K. Marshall worked on volume 4 (Aeneid 6–8), and C. E. Murgia on volume 5 (Aeneid 9–12). Sadly, neither lived to see the work to its conclusion. Robert Kaster collected Murgia’s papers and has completed work on assembling them into a publishable text. This is the work my paper refers to. James Brusuelas, who was also to present on the canceled panel, is working with Marshall’s text of the commentary to Aeneid 6.

The Harvard Servius presents the text full-width on the page where Servius and DS agree, prints DS-only text 3/4-width and flush left, Servius-only text 3/4-width and indented 1/4, and where both have text but it doesn’t agree, it is printed in 2 columns, DS on the left and Servius on the right. So Servius is interesting from a technical perspective too. Figuring out the best way to mark it up is challenging and likewise figuring out how best to render it.

An example page from volume 3 of the Harvard Servius

To accompany the paper, I worked up some demos. The first shows a snippet of Murgia-Kaster’s Servius from the beginning of book 9, the second and third show how easy it is to produce either Servius-only or DS-only versions of the text. Only the CSS and a little bit of Javascript are different in the three views. All 3 are generated on the fly in your browser from a single XML source using CETEIcean plus some extra Javascript. None of this should be regarded as final. There are still features of Murgia-Kaster that I haven’t decided how to represent, and other aspects of the markup that have yet to be finalized. I’m still inserting critical apparatus entries into the source, so it’s not fully populated at the time of writing. I will be updating it.

Modeling Servius for the Digital Latin Library

The post Digital Servius appeared first on Duke Collaboratory for Classics Computing (DC3).

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Online Class: Organising an Empire: The Assyrian Way

Organising an Empire: The Assyrian Way
Taught by:  Karen Radner, Prof. Dr.
About this course: Discover the mighty kingdom of Assyria, which came to be the world’s first great empire three thousand years ago. From the 9th to the 7th centuries BC, during the imperial phase of Assyria’s long history, modern day northern Iraq was the central region of a state reaching from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf, and incorporating what is now Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, as well as half of Israel, and wide parts of south-eastern Turkey, and Western Iran. In its geographical extent, this state was unprecedentedly large, and the distinct geography of the Middle East, with deserts and high mountain ranges, posed challenges to communication and cohesion. What were the mechanisms that kept the Empire running? This course explores the methods the Assyrian government employed to ensure unity and maintain loyalty across vast distances, using traditional as well as innovative strategies. Some of these imperial techniques have marked parallels in the ways modern multi-national corporations are operating, others will strike you as profoundly alien. This course focusses on how the Assyrians organised their empire by analysing key aspects, namely: · The CEO – the king, a religious, political and military leader, who is charged to govern by his master, the god Assur; · Home Office – the royal palace in the central region and the royal court that form the administrative centre of the state; · The Regional Managers – the governors and client-rulers to whom local power is delegated; · Human Resources – the Empire’s people are its most precious assets, its consumers and its key product, as the goal of the imperial project was to create “Assyrians”; an approach with lasting repercussions that still reverberate in the Middle East today; and finally · The Fruits of Empire – it takes a lot of effort, so what are the rewards? When we explore these topics we will contextualise them with information about the lives led by ordinary Assyrian families. Taking this course will provide you with an overview of the political, social, religious, and military history of the world’s first superpower. It will give you insight into the geography and climatic conditions of the Middle East and contribute to your understanding of the opportunities and challenges of that region. It will present you with a vision of the Middle East at a time when its political and religious structures were very different from today.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Punks on Trump

Next week, I’m going to hang out with some pretty fun guys and talk about punk rock in the  Trump era at Ojata Record in Grand Forks. The event is partly to celebrate the publication of Brian Schill’s new book, This Year’s Work in the Punk Bookshelf, Or, Lusty Scripts (Indiana University Press, 2017), which we chatted about over on the North Dakota Quarterly page in November and the book that Bret Weber and I wrote, The Bakken: An Archaeology of an Industrial Landscape (NDSU Press 2017). 

There will be bands: June Panic and the Semaphores and Mistaken Thieves.

There’s a free book: Punk Archaeology (The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota 2014).

Here’s a link to the Facebook event page. The press release is below the flyer.


Local authors and bands to talk “Punk in the Trump Era”

GRAND FORKS—On Saturday, January 20, 2018, a handful of current and former UND faculty will occupy the stage to discuss “Punk in the Trump Era” at Ojata Records in Grand Forks. 

Representing the fields of history, music, archaeology, social work, and cultural studies, Bill Caraher, Chris Gable, and Brian Schill will hold an open conversation about what, if anything, punk subculture contributes to contemporary political discourse in the United States today, especially with an eye toward the current American President.

“For all its dissonance and noise, punk rock music has always offered some salient commentary on contemporary politics,” Caraher says. “With the world seemingly more and more chaotic and dissonant all the time, today seems like a readymade opportunity for those who think about punk seriously to stoke this conversation.”

According to Schill, the panel very much expects audience participation in the free, public event, which will be moderated by UND Social Work professor and Grand Forks City councilperson Bret Weber.

“While the politics of punk are often stereotyped as left-leaning, they’re often much more ambiguous,” adds Schill, who performed in punk clubs across the country with a variety of bands in the late-1990s and early-2000s. “Some punk bands have joined the so-called resistance movement, but there are a lot of Trump supporters among those who also identify as ‘punk,’ including former Sex Pistol Johnny Rotten and the punkier members of the alt-right.”

The event doubles as a book release party of sorts as each of the faculty are promoting recent scholarship they’ve produced on (post)punk, politics, and North Dakota:

·       Caraher is co-author of The Bakken: An Archaeology of an Industrial Landscape (NDSU Press, 2017) and published the title Punk Archaeology (The DigitalPress@UND) in 2014

·       Weber is Caraher’s The Bakken co-author and has studied the social impact of North Dakota’s oil boom

·       Gable is the author of The Words and Music of Sting (Praeger, 2008) and The Words and Music of Sheryl Crow (Praeger, 2016)

·       Schill is the author of the literary history of punk and postpunk music, This Year’s Work in the Punk Bookshelf, Or, Lusty Scripts (Indiana University Press, 2017)

The panel will serve as the opening act for performances by two local punk/indie bands: June Panic and the Semaphores and Mistaken Thieves.

The event, sponsored by Ojata Records (aka Dogmahal) and agricouture.org, begins around 7 p.m.


Brian James Schill
Founder, agricouture.org

January 09, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Quaderni [Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici per le province di Cagliari e Oristano]

[First posted in AWOL 19 August 2016, updated 9 January 2018]

Quaderni Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici per le province di Cagliari e Oristano
ISSN: 1124-7827
Online ISSN: 2284-0834
La rivista accoglie contributi scientifici inediti dedicati all'attività di ricerca storico-archeologica della Sardegna e il Notiziario delle attività della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici per le province di Cagliari e Oristano.



N° 28 (2017): QUADERNI Rivista di Archeologia



N° 27 (2016): QUADERNI Rivista di Archeologia


Videos on Homeric Dialect and Scansion

Videos on Homeric Dialect and Scansion 
Posted on by
A few years ago I made some videos using the Showme app about the Homeric dialect and Homeric metrics. They have become a hard to find on the Showme site, probably my fault for not tagging them well. Anyway, here are the two series, first on dialect, second on metrics:

Homeric Dialect 1 augments and endings: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=JJqlpjc
Homeric Dialect 2 the article: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=C1XKW92
Homeric Dialect 3 verbs: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=E9vmvB2

Reading Homer 1 Long and Short: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=y2Su4LQ
Reading Homer 2 Quantity Exceptions: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=0ArMTPU
Reading Homer 3 Dactylic Hexameter: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=7trqGTg 

I think I made a fourth installment for the grammar series about particles, but I cannot find that on the Showme site. Hope you find these useful!
And see also AWOL's  list of

Gods of the Biblical World: Polytheism, Magic, and Israelite Religion

Gods of the Biblical World: Polytheism, Magic, and Israelite Religion
Welcome! This website was constructed to supply resources for an undergraduate class at Wofford College, called “Gods of the Biblical World: Polytheism, Magic, and Israelite Religion.” But you’re invited to look around even if you’re just interested in the topic!
The idea is to bring together materials, site names, and sources relating to the religion and archaeology of ancient Israel and Judah’s neighbors in the first millennium BCE: the Arameans, Phoenicians, Philistines, Ammonites, Moabites, and Edomites. Use the menu at the top of the page to start exploring.

Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

iOS: Screen Keyboard with Full Hardware Layout

Among the many 3rd party screen keyboards available for iOS, I recently found one called PADKEYS that imitates the normal hardware keyboard layout, with a number/punctuation row at the top, an option key for symbols and accents,  cursor keys, etc.  Covers English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish.

Dickinson College Commentaries

Videos on Homeric Dialect and Scansion

A few years ago I made some videos using the Showme app about the Homeric dialect and Homeric metrics. They are somewhat buried on the Showme site, so here are the two series, first on dialect, second on metrics:

Homeric Dialect 1 augments and endings: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=JJqlpjc 

Homeric Dialect 2 the article: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=C1XKW92

Homeric Dialect 3 verbs: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=E9vmvB2

Reading Homer 1 Long and Short: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=y2Su4LQ

Reading Homer 2 Quantity Exceptions: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=0ArMTPU

Reading Homer 3 Dactylic Hexameter: http://www.showme.com/sh/?h=7trqGTg 

I think I made a fourth installment for the grammar series about particles, but I cannot find that on the Showme site. Hope you find these useful!

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Nabia Abbott's books at the Oriental Institute

Books by Nabia Abbott available for download from the Oriental Institute
For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

New trom Trismegistos: Trismegistos Words

Trismegistos Words

Short Introduction

Trismegistos Words is a new addition to the Trismegistos universe. It allows searching for lemmata and their declined or conjugated forms in Greek papyrological texts. It is a spin-off of doctoral research of Alek Keersmaekers on the Greek complementation system. It is currently beta at best, but we plan to improve and expand it, perhaps also with syntactic annotations. Please contact us to point out errors or cooperate in other ways. Note that we are in close contact with the people of the Papyrological Navigator and hope to maximize interoperability with this tool, whose text remains canonical.

Coverage & Accuracy

The starting point of Trismegistos Words was the XML of the texts as it was available in the Papyrological Navigator (PN; papyri.info) in September 2016. The 4,513,494 words in these ca. 60,000 texts were tokenized and part-of-speech/morphology and lemma information was added. On the basis of this XML two MySQL databases were created, one with the attestations of the words, and one based on that with 18,783 reconstructed lemmata (names excepted). Of these, 14,013 that occur more than once or have a translation have been selected for the online version. The reason for this is that the part-of-speech/morphology tagging performed by a trained algorythm is only about 95%, which may seem high, but still implies that there are several thousands of mistakes in the current version - especially for damaged words and sections.

How to cite

In contrast with almost all other databases in Trismegistos, we currently do not have any numeric stable identifiers for the lemmata, the attestations of the words, or the morphological analysis. Part of the reason for this is that we are still reflecting about the best way to deal with changes in the underlying text - which is connected to the synergy with the Papyrological Navigator.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

NDQuesday: Humanities in the Age of Austerity, Part 3

Two weeks ago,  I started writing my contribution to the North Dakota Quarterly special issue dedicated to Humanities in the Age of Austerity. If you haven’t read the first part of this article, you can find it here, and you can find the second part here

I’ve argued over the last two weeks and austerity and neoliberalism have pushed universities to present themselves fiscally and operationally as market driven enterprises. This follows an assumption that public institutions with state funding become, over time, morally compromised because state funding insulates them from the purifying fire of market competition. As a result, universities have started to privatize core functions in order to demonstrate a willingness to optimize their operations and to promote their operational model as one that rewards competitive, efficient, and socially responsible (at least within a neoliberal model of society that views with a jaundiced eye all state sponsored activities). The efforts to promote the internal working of the university as efficient and competitive creates a situation where the university is more of a billboard for external stakeholders than a factory for knowledge production and education. 

On a superficial level, this is not entirely objectionable. After all, creating a compelling billboard for the activities at a university whether through intercollegiate sports, slick marketing material, or a commitment to external relations, celebrates the impact and significance of faculty, students, and staff, builds a sense of community and pride, and attracts resources to university from a range of sources including alumni, prospective students, and legislators.

At the same time, the view of the university as a billboard can spill over into the internal workings of the university as a factory. On the simplest level, a billboard promotes a product whose manufacturing process is only relevant inasmuch the produce fulfills consumer expectations. Because state university receive funding from a range of sources including state legislators, alumni, students, and granting agencies, there is an interest in the process that creates the well-educated student or faculty research. In other words, the billboard needs to represent both the successful outcome of a university education or faculty work as well as the efficiency of the processes that produced these outcomes. Within a society increasingly dominated by a kind of neoliberal hegemony, the state-funded university almost always presents an essential opportunity for rooting out complacency by subjecting individual, programs, and processes to competition and market forces. The university as billboard, then, extends from celebrating the success of students and faculty to demonstrating that this success represents the latest in market-hardened educational and research efficiency.

In this context, a public humanities journal like North Dakota Quarterly must has a sustainable business model or be consigned to the ranks of inefficient and complacent university functions best optimized by forcing the journal to engage in the market by applying fiscal austerity. A sustainable business model that included state funding were mutually exclusive because the latter created conditions that made the former impossible or at least very unlikely. Successful competition within the crucible of the market represented the only way in which a journal like North Dakota Quarterly could be a successful to the university billboard. 

The problem with the university as a billboard is that whatever the advantages of promoting the university are, the message of the billboard too often spills over into the inner workings of the university. While, I’m hesitant to suggest that universities currently function at optimal efficiency – any complex institution has areas where optimization is possible and desirable and areas where it is not, promoting competition across campus is as likely to produce inefficiencies as to streamline university functions. For example, the long-standing model of higher education that models student learning an assembly line where each program, department, and class imparts a particular set of concepts, methods, and content requires coordination and collaboration across campus. It may be possible to imagine an optimized process where each class contributes the exactly the same energy into the educational process, but such Taylorist fantasies are probably misguided, if not delusional. Students aren’t uniform blanks when they arrive at the university, previous education, aptitude, and commitment levels vary widely and, whether we will admit it or not, certain subjects have higher threshold levels than others in our current educational environment and require a greater investment of energy from both students and faculty. In other words, the assembly line approach to higher education rewards cooperation among various parts of the process and accepting that some parts of the system are less efficient than others.

As faculty, administrators, and staff internalize the message of the billboard on campus, the spirit of competition is as likely to produce inefficiencies as to streamline processes. Competition for students tends to lead to duplication of marketing and outreach efforts. Funding models that seek to recognize research or teaching excellence or even rein in wasteful competition between programs or departments become systems to be gamed. The long-standing and historical divisions on campus, whether colleges or departments that serve to protect academic and intellectual freedom and distinct disciplinary traditions become barriers to cooperation and collaboration rather than efficient incubators of distinctive methods, practices, and approaches to problems. As a number of recent commentators have noticed, by projecting the billboard internally and promoting the appearance of competition, we distill the dynamism and diversity of higher education (or as David Labaree calls it the “perfect mess”) down to two closely related metrics: dollars and enrollments (which are really just another measure of dollars). As Gary Hall has recently considered in his work on the “uborficiation” of the university, the growing ability to trace precisely the flow of capital – whether its student tuition or faculty labor – has created a system that is pennywise and pound foolish. Our ability to use dollars and enrollments to recognize efficiencies at the individual and department level has superceeded the messier project of attempting to understand the product of the higher education factory whether that be new ideas or high quality students and graduates. 

In short, the billboard approach to higher education promotes efficiency and competition at the expense of learning and discovery. And, as much as competition evokes long-standing fantasies of the academic meritocracy and satisfies the hegemonic attitudes that equate all waste with indolence and sloth, it rarely corresponds neatly with the actual work of students and faculty at a university. For many stakeholders, however, the product of the university as factory is only as important as the revenue it can generate.

For others, however, the promotion of the university as the product of market competition offers both a useful cover and a historical model to justify the expansion of certain programs and the contraction of others. The disconnect between the external promotion of evident efficiency fortified by competition and the difficulties associated with judging the final product of higher education, student learning and discovery, provides a space for administrators and faculty to advance values closely tied to reinforcing the dominance of the market in wider society. This means articulating the value of higher education in economic terms which tends to be most crudely presented as “workforce development.” Despite persistent efforts to calculate the economic value of a degree in the humanities, in most cases such efforts are incompatible with the goals of a humanities education. Whether this correlates to the efficiency of teaching and research the humanities within the university or even its non-market value to society at large is irrelevant. The billboard that promotes the work of the university to its stakeholders must be made to represent outcomes consistent with the neoliberal expectation that structure the billboard itself.  

If efficiencies resulting from competition optimize the structure the university in the age of austerity, then graduates and research at the university should likewise feed this world view as well. 

ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

Early Jewish Magic

Judaism has a rich tradition of magic going back over two thousand years [...]

The post Early Jewish Magic appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Undena Publications Online Titles

Undena Publications Online Titles
Undena has pioneered the electronic approach to publishing.
     The first issue was the Terqa Data Base, which appeared in 1987 as a floppy disk. Several other CDs have appeared in the meantime for other titles, paralleling the paper edition. 
     The first titles to appear online, in 2000, were BiMes 20 and SMS 5/1, through the Urkesh website.
     We are now in the process of updating our online catalog to include first all titles that are out of print, then going back progressively to in clude all titles in our catalog.

     Through a special project of the International Academy of Archaeology, we are publishing titles in a dual edition, online and on paper.
     The paper edition is is sold at the nominal price of $15 to cover only distribution costs.
     The online edition is available immediately free of charge on this website.
     These titles are marked on this page in red as belonging to the IAA dual edition series.

     The current policy for other titles is to publish the online edition within a year of the original paper publication. 
     The following four titles are also available in the Archive of Mesopotamian Site Reports of SUNY Stony Brook (AMAR), under the direction of Prof. Elizabeth Stone: BiMes 10; BiMes 13; BiMes 20; BiMes 22.
     The following Undena titles are currently available online in PDF format:

1978ARTANES 2Field Encoding Manual (10.8 MB)
By G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
1975BiMes 2/1The Venus Tablet of Ammisaduqa (1.8 MB)
By E. Reiner and D. Pingree.
1981BiMes 2/2Enuma Anu Enlil (3.5 MB)
By E. Reiner and D. Pingree.
1977BiMes 6Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East (3.9 MB)
Plates (6.1 MB)
By McG. Gibson and R. D. Biggs.
1978BiMes 8The Court of the Palms (3.8 MB)
By Y. M. Al-Khalesi.
1979BiMes 9Gli eponimi medio-assiri (6 MB)
By C. Saporetti.
1979BiMes 10Terqa Preliminary Reports 10: The Fourth Season: Introduction and Stratigraphic Record (32.5 MB)
By G. Buccellati.
2002BiMes 11Les Tablettes Sattukku: Leur Decouverte Et Leur Date (7.9 MB)
By M. Sigrist.
1981BiMes 13An Early Village Site (24.1 MB)
By R. L. Solecki.
1984BiMes 16Terqa Final Reports 1: L'Archive de Puzurum (2.7 MB)
By G. Buccellati.
1985BiMes 18Frauen in altsumerischer Zeit (19.7 MB)
By J. M. Asher-Greve.
1988BiMes 20Mozan 1: The Soundings of the First Two Seasons (3.8 MB)
By G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
1988BiMes 22Terra-cotta Figurines and Model Vehicles (11.8 MB)
By H. Liebowitz.
1988BiMes 23Studies in The Chronology And Regional Style Of Old Babylonian Cylinder Seals (40.5 MB)
By L. Werr.
1998BiMes 26Mozan 3: Urkesh and the Hurrians Studies in Honor of Lloyd Cotsen (18.5 MB)
By G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
2001BiMes 27Mozan 4: Gli Opifici di Urkesh (30 MB)
By S. Bonetti.
2007BiMes 28Mozan 5: Reading Figurines (38.5 MB)
By R. Hauser.
2011BiMes 29Terqa Final Reports 2: Les textes des saisons 5 à 9 (39 MB)
By O. Rouault.
2016BiMes 30Mozan 6: Three-dimensional Volumetric Analysis in an Archaeological Context (7.96 MB)
By F. Buccellati.
An IAA dual edition volume.
1983CARNES 1/1Terqa Preliminary Reports 12: Digital Plotting of Archaeological Floor Plans (1.6 MB)
By G. Buccellati and O. Rouault.
1984GC 2The Middle Assyrian Laws (19.1 MB)
By C. Saporetti.
1974MANE 1/2Three Essays On The Sumerians (1.7 MB)
By B. Landsberger.
1979MANE 1/7Old Canaanite Cuneiform Texts of the Third Millennium (1.1 MB)
By G. Pettinato.
1998MANE 3/1Monumental Art of the Assyrian Empire (1.2 MB)
By P. Albenda.
1974SANE 1/1Namburbu (13 MB)
By R. I. Caplice.
1983SANE 2/1Lagash-Umma Border Conflict (11.1 MB)
By J. S. Cooper.
1984SANE 2/2The Discovery of Mesopotamian Music (7 MB)
By M. Duchesne-Guillemin.
1977SMS 1/2An Archaic Recording System and The Origin Of Writing (7.9 MB)
By D. Schmandt-Besserat.
1977SMS 1/3Terqa Preliminary Reports 1: Stratigraphic Record of First Two Seasons (2.2 MB)
Pictures (5.8 MB)
By G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
1977SMS 1/4Terqa Preliminary Reports 2: A Cuneiform Tablet of the Early Second Millennium B.C. (3.9 MB)
By G. Buccellati.
1978SMS 1/5Terqa Preliminary Reports 3: Object Typology of the Second Season (3.7 MB)
By M. Kelly-Buccellati and L. Mount-Williams.
1977SMS 1/6Terqa Preliminary Reports 4: A Typology of Ceramic Vessels (5.1 MB)
By M. Kelly-Buccellati and W. R. Shelby.
1978SMS 2/2Preliminary Remarks on The Royal Palace Of Ebla (4.7 MB)
By P. Matthiae.
1978SMS 2/5Terqa Preliminary Reports 5: Die Industrie Der Islamischen Keramik Aus Der Zweiten Season (4.5 MB)
By A. Mahmoud.
1978SMS 2/6Terqa Preliminary Reports 6: The Third Season Introduction and the Stratigraphic Record (9.6 MB)
By G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
1979SMS 2/7Terqa Final Reports 7: Les Documents Epigraphiques de la Troisieme Saison (4.2 MB)
By O. Rouault.
1980SMS 3/2Terqa Preliminary Reports 8: Object Typology of the Third Season (3.5 MB)
Pictures (3.4 MB)
By L. Mount-Williams.
1980SMS 3/4Terqa Preliminary Reports 11: Sourcing Techniques for Ceramics and Soils At Terqa And Related Sites (1.7 MB)
By N. M. Magalousis.
1981SMS 4/1Mesopotamian Guidelines for Biblical Chronology (1.1 MB)
By J. Reade.
1982SMS 4/3The Descent Of Inanna As A Ritual Journey To Kutha? (6.2 MB)
By G. Buccellati and W. Heimpel.
1991SMS 5/1Mozan 2: The Epigraphic Finds of the Sixth Season (2.6 MB)
By L. Milano.

January 08, 2018

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

The Carolingian quest for the correct text of the Bible

The British Library was recently abuzz with the news that Codex Amiatinus — the oldest surviving copy of the complete text of the Latin Vulgate Bible — will be returning temporarily to Britain in 2018 for our Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms exhibition. Another important early medieval pandect Bible (containing the entire Bible...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access (Mostly) Monograph Series: Syro-Mesopotamian Studies

Syro-Mesopotamian Studies
ISSN: 0732-6483
A series devoted to the study of the civilizations of ancient Iraq and Syria from late prehistory to the First Millennium B.C., providing an outlet for the publication of primary sources and a forum for the archaeological, historical, and linguistic analysis of pertinent phenomena.

1/1. Syro-Mesopotanian Studies: A Preface.
G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati
Thoughts about Ibla.
I. J. Gelb.

D. Schmandt-Besserat.

G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.
Out of print

G. Buccellati.

M. Kelly-Buccellati and L. Mount Williams.

M. Kelly-Buccellati and W. R. Shelby.

2/1. The Rabbeans.
M. C. Astour.

P. Matthiae.

2/3. The Neo-Sumerian Silver Ring Texts.
P. Michalowski.

2/4. The Syrian Archaeological Expedition to Tell Al’Abd Zrejehey: Clay Figurines of the Third Millennium B.C.
K. Toueir.
Out of print

A. Mahmoud.

G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati.

O. Rouault.

3/1. Catalogue des sceaux-cylinders d'Adana.
O. Tunca.
Review Article of BM 6.
P. Amiet.

L. Mount-Williams.

3/3. Les niveaux superieurs du Tell Abou Danne, Chantier A-1977/78
R. Tefnin.

N. M. Magalousis et al.

J. Reade.
Out of print

4/2. Alalakah Levels VI and V: A Chronological Reassessment.
M. Carre Gates.

G. Buccellati.
A Catalogue of Near Eastern Venus Deities.
W. Heimpel.

4/4. Qraya Modular Reports, 1: Early Soundings.
K. Simpson.

L. Milano.
Online version
5/2. Five Tablets from the Southern Wing of Palace G at Ebla.
Alfonso Archi.

Open Access (Mostly) Monograph Series: Bibliotheca Mesopotamica

ISSN: 0732-6440
A series devoted to primary sources and interpretive analyses for the study of Mesopotamian civilization and its influence, from late prehistoric times to the end of the cuneiform tradition.

BM 1. Old Sumerian and Old Akkadian Texts in Philadelphia, Chiefly from Nippur. Part I: Literary and Lexical Texts, and the Earliest Administrative Documents from Nippur.
Aage Westenholz.
1975. Pp. xii + 199 + 3pls.
Cloth ISBN 008-1 $35.00
Table of Contents

BM 2/1. Babylonian Planetary Omens. Part I: The Venus Tablet.
Erica Reiner and David Pingree.
1975. Pp. iv + 65.
Paper ISBN 010-3 $20.00
Front Matter
Online version 1.8MB

BM 2/2. Babylonian Planetary Omens. Part II: Enuma Anu Enlil, Tablet 50-51.
Erica Reiner and David Pingree.
1981. Pp. 100.
Paper ISBN 049-9 $20.00
Front Matter
Online version 3.6MB

BM 3. Inscriptions from Al-Hiba-Lagash, the First and Second Seasons (reprinted with addenda).
Robert D. Biggs.
1976. Pp 45 + 2 pls.
Paper ISBN 017-0 $11.00
Table of Contents

BM 4. The Legacy of Sumer.
Denise Schmandt-Besserat, Ed.
1976. Pp. ii + 136 + 68 pls.
Out of print

BM 5. The Economic Role of the Crown in the Old Babylonian Period.
Norman Yoffee.
1977. Pp. vii + 160.
Out of print

BM 6. Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East.
McGuire Gibson and Robert D. Biggs, Eds.
1977. Pp 160 + microfiche.
Paper ISBN 022-7 $31.00
Front Matter
Online version 4MB

BM 7. Mountains and Lowlands: Essays in the Archaeology of Greater Mesopotamia.
Louis D. Levine and T. Cuyler Young, Jr, Eds.
1977. Pp. x + 405 + 26 pls.
Out of print

BM 8. The Court of the Palms: A Functional Interpretation of the Mari Palace.
Yasin M. Al-Khalesi.
1978. Pp. viii + 85 + 5 pls.
Cloth ISBN 029-4 $35.00
Front Matter
Online version 3.8MB

BM 9. Gli eponimi medio-assiri.
Claudio Saporetti.
1979. Pp. viii + 184.
Cloth ISBN 037-5 $44.00
Paper ISBN 037-5 $31.00
Front Matter
Online version 6.1MB

BM 10. Terqa Preliminary Reports No. 10: The Fourth Season.
Giorgio Buccellati.
1979. Pp. iv + 90 + 28 pls. + 23 figs.
Paper ISBN 042-1 $32.00
Front Matter
Online version 33.2MB

BM 11. Les sattukku dans l'Esumesa durant la période d'Isin et Larsa.
René Marcel Sigrist.
1984. Pp. ix + 208.
Paper ISBN 048-0 $43.00
Front Matter
Online version 8MB

12. The Rituals of the Diviner.
Ivan Starr.
1983. Pp. x + 145.
Paper ISBN 064-2 $29.00
Table of Contents

BM 13. An Early Village Site at Zawi Chemi Shanidar.
Rose L. Solecki.
1981. Pp. vi + 85 + 13 pl.
Paper ISBN 068-5 $21.00
Front Matter
Online version 24.7MB

BM 14. Salinity and Irrigation Agriculture in Antiquity: Diayala Basin Archaeological Projects, 1957-58.
Thorkild Jacobsen.
1982. Pp. xiv + 116 + 20 pls.
Paper ISBN 092-8 $26.00
Table of Contents

BM 15. Catalogue of Artifacts in the Babylonian Collection of the Lowie Museum of Anthropology.
Yoko Tomabechi.
1984. Pp. xii + 68 + 15 pls.
Paper ISBN 106-1 $35.00
Table of Contents

16. Terqa Final Reports No. 1: L'Archive de Puzurum.
Olivier Rouault.
1984. Pp. xxii + 92 + 20 pls.
Paper ISBN 102-9 $26.00
Front Matter
Online version 9.6MB

BM 17. Old Babylonian Texts from Kish Conserved in the Istanbul Archaeological Museums.
Veysel Donbaz and Norman Yoffee.
1986. Pp. viii + 94 + 6 pls.
Cloth ISBN 087-1 $36.00
Paper ISBN 086-3 $23.00
Table of Contents

BM 18. Frauen in Altsumerischer Zeit.
Julia M. Asher-Greve.
1985. Pp. xxii + 223 + 32 pls.
Paper ISBN 162-2 $50.00
Front Matter
Online version 27.4MB

BM 19. Studies in Ishchali Documents.
Samuel Greengus.
1986. Pp. ix + 252.
Cloth ISBN 166-5 $49.00
Paper ISBN 167-3 $39.00
Table of Contents

BM 20. Mozan 1: The Soundings of the First Two Seasons.
Giorgio Buccellati and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati.
1988. Pp. vi + 158 + 24 pls.
Cloth ISBN 195-9 $31.00
Paper ISBN 194-0 $22.00
Front Matter
Online version 5MB

BM 21. Insight through Images: Studies in Honor of Edith Porada.
Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati, Paolo Matthiae, and Maurits van Loon, Eds.
Contributors: P. Amiet, R. Amiran, F. Baffi Guardata, R. D. Barnett, P. Beck, J. Boardman & R. Moorey, R. M. Boehmer, M. A. Brandes, D. Collon, R. Dolce, R. H. Dyson, Jr. & M. V. Harris, D. Homès-Fredericq, B. Hrouda, V. Karageorghis, M. Kelly-Buccellati, E. Klengel-Brandt, B. Mallowan, J.-C. Margueron, R. Mayer-Opificius, S. Mazzoni, U. Moortgat-Correns, H. J. Nissen, Nimet Ozgüç, S. M. Paley, F. Pinnock, U. Seidl, S. Shaath, M. van Loon, I. J. Winter.
1986. Pp. x + 268 + 64 pls.
Paper ISBN 189-4 $45.00
Table of Contents

BM 22. The Oriental Institute Excavations at Selenkahiye, Syria: Terra-Cotta Figurines and Model Vehicles.
Harold Liebowitz and Maurits van Loon, Eds.
1988. Pp. xiv + 60 + 34 pls.
Cloth ISBN 105-3 $23.00
Paper ISBN 104-5 $16.00
Front Matter
Online version 12.1MB

BM 23. Studies in the Chronology and Regional Style of Old Babylonian Cylinder Seals.
Lamia Al-Gailani Werr.
1988. Pp. x + 110 + 44 pls. + photos.
Paper ISBN 172-X $21.00
Front Matter
Online version 37.3MB

BM 24. The Late Babylonian Texts of the Oriental Institute Collection.
David Weisberg.
1991. Pp. viii + 87 + 131 pls.
Cloth ISBN 301-3 $31.00
Paper ISBN 300-5 $21.00
Table of Contents

BM 25. New Horizons in the Study of Ancient Syria.
Mark Chavalas and John Hayes, Eds.
Contributors: M. W. Chavalas, M. C. Astour, G. M. Beckman, D. E. Fleming, C. H. Gordon, W. W. Hallo, H. A. Hoffner, Jr., D. I. Owen.
1992. Pp. viii + 232.
Cloth ISBN 324-2 $41.00
Paper ISBN 323-4 $31.00
Table of Contents

BM 26. Urkesh/Mozan Studies 3. Urkesh and the Hurrians: Studies in Honor of Lloyd Cotsen.
Giorgio Buccellati and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati, Eds.
Contributors: G. Buccellati, E. Elster, M. Kelly-Buccellati, F. Buccellati, R. Hauser, P. Steinkeller, M. Salvini, G. Wilhelm, V. Vs. Ivanov, H. A. Hoffner, Jr.
1998. Pp. 200 + 15 pls.
Cloth ISBN 501-4 $35.00
Paper ISBN 502-2 $25.00
Front Matter
Online version 18.9MB

BM 27. Urkesh/Mozan Studies 4. Gli Opifici di Urkesh: Conservazione e restauro a Tell Mozan. Atti della Tavola Rotonda tenuta presso L'Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Firenze, 23 Novembre 1999.
A cura di Sophie Bonetti.
Contributors: C. Acidini, G. Bonsanti, M. Michelucci, S. Bonetti, G. Buccellati, M. Kelly-Buccellati, B. Angeli, P. Pfälzner, F. Buccellati, P. E. Pecorella, L. Castelletti, G. Chiari.
2001. Pp. 106 + 17 figs. + 28 ill.
Paper ISBN 511-1 $30.00
Front Matter
Online version 30.7MB

BM 28. Urkesh/Mozan Studies 5. Reading Figurines: Animal Representations in Terra Cotta from Royal Building AK.
Rick Hauser. Renderings by Claudia Wettstein.
2007. Pp. xxviii + 625.
Paper ISBN 978-0-9798937-0-4 $60.00
Front Matter
Online version 39.4MB

BM 29. Terqa Final Reports No. 2: Les textes des saisons 5 à 9.
Olivier Rouault.
2011. Pp. 158.
Paper ISBN 978-0-9798937-1-1 $35.00
Front Matter
Online version 39MB

BM 30. Urkesh/Mozan Studies 6. Three-dimensional Volumetric Analysis in an Archaeological Context.
Federico Buccellati.
2016. Pp. xiv + 387.
An International Academy of Archaeology dual edition: the paper copy is available at a nominal price, and a concurrent electronic edition can be downloaded here for free.
Cloth ISBN 978-0-9798937-2-8 $15.00
Front Matter
Online version 8.2MB
Online version (High Resolution) 110.1MB

Dickinson College Commentaries

Enablers and Servants

One of the things I learned at the SCS meetings this past weekend is that it is important to echo and amplify on social media ideas and voices you find important. My favorite notion this year came from Gregory Crane, in a talk about  the Open Greek and Latin Project: classicists should see themselves less as professors, experts, and authorities, and more as enablers and servants of the community of readers of classical texts. 

Here is his list of the OGL’s goals in full:

  • 2 or more editions for as much of Greek and Latin as possible
  • CC licensing (CC-BY-SA)
  • Smooth pathway from Images of text-bearing objects through an open-ended and evolving set of machine actionable annotations
  • Based on evidence rather than authority
  • Community driven
  • Paid professionals as enablers and servants
  • Multilingual emphasizing  global access and exchange

There is much in this list to discuss. A key piece of context is the imminent arrival of the new Perseus interface, the Scaife Digital Library Viewer, which is set to debut on the Ides of March. Those who attended the OGL pre-conference workshop, or the Ancient MakerSpace session by the developer James Tauber, got a live preview of this lovely new package for Perseus data and tools. Here is a screenshot, which, it should be noted, is a work in progress.

Pre-release draft of the new Scaife Viewer for Perseus 5.0

Pre-release draft of the new Scaife Viewer for Perseus 5.0

Notice the CTS URN in the upper right hand corner, a key piece of infrastructure. Note also the “Log in”: users will be able to contribute much more directly than is now the case. When individual words are highlighted the url will change, allowing a unique identifier that can be used as a stable peg to hang annotations on. Very exciting. The new Greek Word Study Tool will have several new features, including the ability to provide improvements and  “contribute to open philology” through things like treebanking and commenting on texts.

Feature list of the new Greek Word Study Tool for Perseus 5.0

Greek word study tool feature list

Crane’s presentation was part of the annual Digital Classics Association panel, which is always exciting, and this year was no exception. Sam Huskey gave an update on the Digital Latin Library, and tools he is helping develop that will partly automate the creation of TEI-XML encoding for apparatus criticus of Latin editions. The scholar creates a spreadsheet of variants attributed to certain witnesses, and a nifty Python script creates the appropriately tagged XML. This will get you only part way, of course. At certain junctures scholarly judgment has to intervene in the constitution of a text. The brilliance of this new tool is that it actually makes clear what is rote reporting of variants and what is actual scholarly intervention. It clearly and unambiguously marks out the intellectual labor that goes into the creation of a critical apparatus, something that every dean and tenure committee can use to give scholars appropriate credit. 

Peter Heslin gave a fascinating paper arguing, in apparent contradiction to Huskey, that TEI-XML is not the best way of encoding critical apparatus. Rather, we should be using as a model the version control of Github, which simply stores different versions of a document in parallel, until the user wants to know what the differences are between them. He pointed out that a traditional apparatus is a rhetorical device for supporting a single version of the text, but is quite unhelpful if you want to know how similar or different two versions of a text are (say, the Propertius texts of Barber and Goold). In the discussion it became apparent that the two approaches a complementary, but Heslin’s talk was quite the satisfying (to me) attack on TEI-XML as a data model. Here are his main beefs:

list of problems with tei for encoding app crit

Peter Heslin: The Problems with XML and the App. Crit.

Thomas Koentges gave an absolutely wonderful talk on the uses of distant reading techniques for Greek stylometry. Using the vastly increased corpus of Greek from the First Thousand Years of Greek project  he is able to use topic modeling to show quite clearly the in-authenticity of Plato’s Menexenus–only the most die-hard skeptic would disagree, it seems to me. The essence of the technique is to use the signature of relative frequency of extremely common tokens–the equivalent of our thes, ands, buts, and howevers–to group works and authors.

Cynthia Damon discussed her amazing success in getting students, ranging from high school age to undergrad to post bac to graduate, involved in that holiest of inaccessible mysteries of classical scholarship, textual criticism and the creation of the apparatus criticus. First, she teaches them how to read an app crit, leading them through the process of expanding into plain English what the apparatus is saying and what it is trying to do. Then she has teams of students transcribe individual manuscripts (of the Bellum Alexandrinum in this case) and note variants. These variants are placed into spreadsheets of the type Sam Huskey was describing, classifying and describing them, and choosing which should be displayed in the apparatus itself. Then information from existing apparatuses is integrated (in this case those of the Teubner and Bude texts). In addition to creating an entirely new text and apparatus for much of the Bell. Alex., the students identified 30 errors in the apparatuses of the Teubner and Bude editions. The electrifying effect of having students involved in the creation of new scholarly knowledge can be judged by the fact that three of the students made the journey to the Boston Marriott in freezing weather to attend the session. All told, 80 students have been involved so far. In one class, the students came to the final exam with a gift of a t-shirt for their professor: sine apparatu, sine honore

T-shirt made by Cynthia Damon's students at the University of Pennsylvania

Sine apparatu, sine honore: T-shirt made by Cynthia Damon’s students at the University of Pennsylvania

Crane’s vision for OGL is to “make Greek and Latin play the biggest possible role in the intellectual life of human civilization.” OGL aims not just to present Greek and Latin texts in a readable fashion, but to be the focus of communities of readers and citizen scholars like those that Cynthia Damon is cultivating, and like the ones centered around the Holy Cross Manuscripts, Inscriptions, and Documents Club and its new off-shoot at Tufts. This philology is to be “community driven.” By getting students and others involved in the creation of scholarship through digital projects we prepare them for the future of work, he argues. Above all, philology must show its relevance if it is to survive in the competitive intellectual and institutional landscape of the coming decades. “We live in a world of fake news where truth doesn’t matter. Philology is an answer.”  

During the question period I asked how each presenter thought about their users, how they imagined the audience for their work. In most cases they said variations of “this  will be useful to scholars.” Crane’s answer was strikingly different. Professionals are “the least important audience,” he said. Rather, the proper role of the paid professional is to be the servant, the enabler of the community of citizen scholars and students. This is a vision that is profoundly important for our field, I believe. It motivates the scholars who contribute to DCC and to many other fine digital projects. Indeed, it has long been a part of the ideals of classical scholarship, for example in the late nineteenth century, when top scholars routinely wrote works for beginning students. Now, in what Crane called rather derisively the contemporary “print classics” world, this ideal has been somewhat forgotten. All too often scholars speak only to each other, and strive only to earn each others’ praise. 

This is not a call for “popularization” or “public facing scholarship,” both of which are quite valuable in themselves, but a call to find ways to create the kinds of scholarly and reading communities within and beyond the academy that will ensure the utility and contribution of our discipline in the coming decades. My intuition is that the way to do these things is to strive to broaden access to and understanding of the primary texts we love.


Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

A calendar page for January 2018

2018 is going to be an exciting year at the British Library: as we recently announced, our major Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms exhibition opens on 19 October. In the coming months we will be exploring an item from the upcoming exhibition, an 11th-century calendar illustrated with text in gold and drawings depicting...

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The “Christianos” graffito from Pompeii

The buried Roman city of Pompeii was rediscovered in 1748, and excavations for antiquities have continued ever since.  Modern archaeological methods only originate around 1880 with Flinders Petrie in Egypt; so a great deal of work was done under conditions that all of us today would lament.  Sometimes this means that we cannot be certain of what was truly found.

I read in the last few weeks an article by Wayment and Grey in the JJMJS, revisiting the primary evidence for a famous but largely forgotten find; that of a graffito which mentions the Christians.[1]  The original discovery and publication were such a mess that the item has largely been forgotten or dismissed as imaginary.[2]  The authors go back to the sources, to try to shake out what, if anything, can certainly be said.  It seems to me that they do a fine job.

The actual sequence of events seems to have been as follows.

In 1862 the Neapolitan excavator Giuseppe Fiorelli and his team excavated a large building in the less-reputable side of Pompeii, opposite one of the larger brothels.[3]  It had two entrances, and was described as a caupona, an inn.  In the atrium he found a bit of graffiti, drawn in charcoal on a wall.  This apparently included the word “Christianos”, on the basis of which Fiorelli grandly named the building the hospitium Christianos, the hotel of the Christians.

Before it was completely destroyed, another Neapolitan scholar, Giulio Minervini, a few days after the find,

“warned of the finding, rushed to Pompeii and . . . with diligent care and without any concern to read a meaning rather than another, sketched the signs appearing on the wall.”

Shortly afterwards a German scholar, Alfred Kiessling, also visited the site and transcribed what he could see.  He also published the existence of the find, and that it had already disappeared.

Two years later in 1864 G.B. de Rossi visited the site and confirmed that the graffito was not now to be seen.  But he obtained from the lax Fiorelli a statement of what the inscription had said when he saw it, and also a copy of Minervini’s sketch of the item, and Kiessling’s.  He published what he had, in a not too coherent manner.[4]

The formal edition of the graffito was printed in the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL IV. 679).  Unfortunately this was rather a mess, based on the sketch by Kiessling, who saw it only when it was on the point of disappearing, and containing features not found in any of the sketches.

The end result was three transcriptions, plus an edition, all differing very significantly and some not even containing “christianos”.

Furthermore anybody who has looked at ancient graffiti even a little – or even damaged painted texts like those in the Mithraeum of Santa Prisca – will be very well aware of how difficult it is to read them, and how subjective the readings tend to be.

Finally, and exasperatingly, there were not lacking those fools who, based on this, made up entirely imaginary “pious” fairy-tales about a “hotel of the Christians”, a neighbouring Jewish hotel, the presence of St Peter and St Paul, and every element of hagiographical invention.  There are various “cross” items in Pompeii, which have been seen as evidence of a Christian presence, without any adequate justification; and likewise the mysterious ROTAS square, of which the same can be said.  There are certainly people capable of seeing evidence of Christians in contexts which actually do not support them.  Older Italian literature – and much of the literature on this item is Italian, and also difficult to access – is particularly prone to this kind of excess, in my experience.

In the circumstances it seems entirely natural to consign so dubious an item to obscurity.

The charm of the Wayment and Grey article is to sweep all this dross out of the way.  Instead they try to locate the original sketches, and then to do some real, modern archaeology to determine precisely what the building actually could, or could not, tell us, about its function.

The results are really very interesting; although of course we must see what the specialists think of this.

The first element in this was to place the materials in due order.

Wayment and Grey give the Minervini sketch as follows:

The Kiessling version, after a few days, they give as this, only covering the last two lines:

Seen in this order, it is evident that the rain has washed away the C of Christianos, and part of the S, creating I.  Most of the other differences are likewise explicable as the effect of weathering; although not the mysterious appearance of the 8X at bottom left, which Kiessling could see but Minervini did not.

In 1962 Guarducci attempted to clarify the meaning of the inscription.[5]:

Bovio is listening to the Christians, cruel haters.

With “sevos” read as “saevos”. The name Bovius is rare but attested.  The graffito then becomes a jeer, of a kind not unfamiliar to us all.

The authors go on to offer a fresh critical edition of the material; and also to investigate the house, which they find unsurprisingly to be a dodgy inn with a room also equipped for prostitution with a stone bed.  All this is valuable, and I can only refer the reader to it.

Is the inscription genuine?  I think we can be sure  that it did exist!

But did it really read “CHRISTIANOS”?  In my immensely unqualified opinion, there seems no good reason to suppose otherwise.  Three separate and reputable people saw it (and the CIL editor did not); and the differences in their transcriptions may be a consequence of weathering as the graffito decayed in the Neapolitan rain.

What can be deduce from this?  Well, not that much.  It means only that somebody in the area had something to say about the Christians, very shortly before ash buried the city of Pompeii.  Beyond that … it is quite hard to be sure.  But no harder than with many other written items, we should add.

But the wise man will await the verdict of the specialist.  All the same, the article is a nice piece of work, which gives us back something lost in confusion.  It also highlights how costly sloppy archaeology can be.

  1. [1]Thomas Wayment & Matthew J. Grey, “Jesus Followers in Pompeii: The Christianos Graffito and the ‘Hotel of the Christians’ Reconsidered”, in: Journal of the Jesus Movement in Its Jewish Setting 2, 2015, 102-146.  Online here. (PDF)
  2. [2]For instance Eric Moorman, “Christians and Jews at Pompeii in late nineteenth century fiction”, in Hales &c, Pompeii in the Public Imagination from Its Rediscovery to Today, Oxford (2011), p.171 f., here, states (probably correctly) that “most historians and archaeologists today agree that the ‘evidence’ for Christians is dubious to say the least”.
  3. [3]Region VII, Insula 11.
  4. [4]G.B. de Rossi, “Una memoria dei Cristiani in Pompei”, in: Bulletino di Archeologia Cristiana 2 (1864), p.69-72.  Online here.
  5. [5]M. Guarducci, “La più antica iscrizione del nome dei Cristiani”, in: Romische Quartalschrift, 57 (1962), pp. 116-125.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Bruder’s Nomadland and Briody’s The New Wild West: Mobility and the End of the Suburban Dream

I grew up in a house on Wheatfield Drive in a northern suburb of Wilmington, Delaware. I lived there until I was 18 and then on-and-off during the next few summers while I attended college. Growing up, I never moved.

My experience growing up on a suburban street named after the rural vision of the Wheatfield may be one of the quintessential expressions of 20th century, middle-class. In this context, the RV, the mobile home, and the camper represented a respite from the banal conformity of suburban living. While my family never camped or had an RV, we nevertheless recognized the freedom to travel and live untethered to a single place – even the idyllic wheat field – as an appealing fantasy. My dad long talked about getting an RV and rolling across the American West, stopping wherever the spirit moved him, and seeing the sights and sites of the country. As recently as this summer, as my wife and I saw the campers lining the route of the Tour de France, we fantasized about renting a camper-van in Europe and touring. In fact, my wife did just this on a walkabout year in Australia when she and a friend cruised the Australian coast finding seasonal work when money ran low or opportunity presented. Life in a camper van was a temporary departure from the conventions of middle and upper class life. Life in the suburbs represented being part of the establishment – the modern equivalent of the yoeman farmer – who connection to a place demonstrated economically, physically, and socially his or her connection to a community.

Jessica Bruder’s Nomadland: Surviving America in the 21st century (W.W. Norton 2017) and The New Wild West: Black Gold, Fracking, and Life in a North Dakota Boomtown (St. Martin’s 2017) tell a different story. These two books tell the story of people who live in RVs, mobile homes, camper vans, their trucks and cars between short stints on the couches of friends and relatives. If Mathew Desmond’s Evicted sketched out the persistent challenges of housing for the urban poor whose constant struggles against eviction thwart their efforts to climb out of urban poverty and garner the social, economic, and political benefits of a stable life and address, Briody and Bruder present a group who have slipped downward from the stability of middle class life in suburban and rural homes in the U.S. and are living in vehicles designed for occasional and recreational uses or the transport of good or people.

Briody’s book explores life around Williston, North Dakota, during the most recent Bakken oil boom in The New Wild West. The cost of housing in boom time Williston made apartments and homes prohibitive for most people who came to the region to reap the benefits of the boom. As a result, Briody’s characters live in RV parks, public parks, camp grounds or most famously, the Williston Walmart parking lot. She joined them living in an RV while doing the research for her book. This paralleled the experience of our research team when we first visited the Bakken at the height of the boom in 2012. We had to plan well in advance and found that accommodations a modular man camp outside bustling Tioga, a more affordable and convenient alternative to a hotel. 

The characters in the New Wild West lived in their RVs on a less voluntary basis and often without the security of a home somewhere else. They had come to the Bakken as a result of troubled lives, desperate circumstances, and, in many cases, the economic and mortgage crisis of 2008 which led to millions of foreclosures and contributed to the growing group of workers who lived in RV and other forms of temporary housing. For some of Briody’s characters, the Bakken was a chance to recover what they had lost. At the same time, the struggle to make a living in the Bakken is always present and optimism is a commodity far more precious and rare that the oil that fueled the Bakken boom. This doesn’t necessarily square with our research in the Bakken, where the optimism was so ubiquitous even as late as 2016 when the boom was well in decline that we called it Bakktimism. For Briody’s denizens of the Bakken, no matter how good the money, the American dream appeared increasingly fragile.

Bruder’s Nomadland tracks the fates of a group of older Americans who likewise lost the fixity of the suburban home and took to life on the road. Bruder’s work is a more subtle book than Briody’s The New Wild West. Her sensitive reading of the modern nomads is particularly evident in the tensions between kind of optimistic adaptability of these RV dwellers and the rough realities of life on the road. Many of Bruder’s character had lost their jobs and, then, savings in the financial collapse of 2008. They experienced the reality of the “jobless recovery” in the unforgiving job market for experienced and well-educated adults in their 50s and 60s. Then, they lost their homes. To adapt, they became nomads living in RVs, modified vans, cars and trucks and supplemented their social security benefits by traveling the U.S. managing campsites, staffing amusement parks, working at Amazon’s distribution facilities during the Christmas rush, and retreating to Quartzsite, Arizona each year winter to escape the cold and recharge.

Bruder describes this loose tribe brought together by circumstances who form communities through social media and share both philosophical and practical tips on the nomadic life through blogs, discussion boards, and listserves. Many of her characters maintain a fragile optimism about their golden years, and draw upon an anti-consumerist philosophy that sees their material losses as an opportunity to experience true freedom. Ironically, these modern nomads often survive by working for the ultimate purveyor of American materialism, Amazon, as well as other short term employers across the U.S. who value the optimism, adaptability, experience, and mobility of these modern nomads. The irony of this situation is further driven home by the practice of these nomad maintaining campsites for people who continued to see RV, campers, and tents as escapes from the fixity of everyday life.

One of the things that Bruder’s book helped me to see more clearly is the deep irony of my little book. Bakken: An Archaeology of an Industrial Landscape. By intentionally ignoring the traditional tourist sites in the Bakken – for example, the Theodore Roosevelt National Park –  and privileging RV parks and man camps, I transformed the temporary settlements in landscape of Western North Dakota and tourism from the space and experience of leisure to the space and experience of work. In the same way, Briody and, especially Bruder, demonstrate how the suburban dream is giving way to a more mobile reality. 

Both authors recognize that the quiet growth of this mobile population represents a seismic shift in the structure of American democracy. It seems hardly ironic that the growing anxiety concerning “voter fraud” (as just one example) has led to policies and practices that will make it more difficult for mobile voters to have political representation. The anxiety about refugees and migrants represents the recognition of these same trends in a global context. I wish I had developed this connection a bit more in my little article in the most recent Journal of Contemporary Archaeology. (I’ve made a preprint available here.)