Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

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November 24, 2014

Digital Classicist Berlin

Roman bazaar or market economy?

Talk: Tom Brughmans (University of Konstanz), “Roman bazaar or market economy? Explaining tableware distribution processes in the Roman East through computational modelling”.

Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-1780-0000-0024-5022-5

Date: Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Time: starting at 17:00 c.t. (i.e. 17:15)

Venue: DAI, Wiegandhaus, Podbielskiallee 69-71, D-14195 Berlin (map)


The study of the Roman economy is populated by a large number of sometimes conflicting models. These models are rarely formally compared, and many remain untested due to the limited use of formal hypothesis testing methods in Roman studies and the significant data requirements to enable their use. This paper illustrates how broad patterns in large archaeological datasets allow for aspects of these models to be tested, and suggests agent-based network modelling as a particularly fruitful approach for the study of the Roman economy.

One of the most robust patterns observed in the collected ceramic tableware data in the Roman East is the variability of distribution patterns of different tablewares (products characterised by a distinct clay fabric and produced in different centres). Some wares such as Eastern Sigillata A were distributed on a supra-regional scale for centuries, others were of somewhat more restricted importance (Eastern Sigillatas B, C, and D), whilst yet other wares were purely produced for local consumption (e.g. Boeotian tablewares). What were the mechanisms that led to these strong differences in the wideness of products’ distribution patterns? A number of hypotheses have been published identifying and coupling possible contributing factors, including the role of social networks in allowing for the flow of information and goods both within and between markets. Most scholars seem to agree that a complex mix of mechanisms working on multiple levels was responsible for the considerable differences in tableware distribution patterns. However, these mechanisms remain untested given the need in Roman studies for workable methods that allow for expressing and evaluating a complex mix of hypothetical processes to better understand archaeologically attested large-scale distribution patterns (Davies 2005; Morris et al. 2007).

This paper aims to evaluate aspects of two such hypotheses: Bang’s (2008) claim that differences in the distribution of tablewares can be the result of weak market integration, and Temin’s (2013) opposing claim that the markets in the Roman world were well-integrated. It presents an agent-based network model simulating the social networks which enable the flow of information and goods between traders. The model by Jin and colleagues (2001) is modified to create social networks of traders on different markets, where different degrees of market integration can be enforced by modifying the value of one variable. The results of experiments with variable degrees of market integration are subsequently compared to the tableware data collected in the ICRATES database (Bes and Poblome 2008). The results suggest that, contrary to Bang’s hypothesis, limited availability of reliable commercial information from different markets is unlikely to give rise to the large differences in the wideness of tableware distributions observed in the archaeological record. A degree of market integration is necessary (between 12-40% of all transactions according to the model). However, it also emphasises the importance of intra-market transactions (60-88% of all transactions). Moreover, tablewares produced close to large urban centres will have a much higher probability of being distributed to many sites than tablewares produced close to small urban centres. We conclude that agent-based network modelling provides scholars of Roman trade a tool for expressing aspects of their hypotheses and that future work should focus on factors driving market integration against a dominant background of local market-based trade.

This paper concludes that the study of the Roman economy would very much benefit from embracing computational modelling approaches because (i) it forces scholars to consider the comparability of descriptive models, (ii) it allows comparison of simulated outputs with archaeologically observed outputs, and (iii) it allows to map out the grey zone between extreme hypotheses and refocus our descriptive models away from hypotheses that do not compare favourably with the archaeological record.

Keywords: roman economy, ceramics, agent-based modelling, network science


Bang, P. F. (2008). The Roman bazaar, a comparative study of trade and markets in a tributary empire. Cambridge: Cambridge university press.

Bes, P. M., & Poblome, J. (2008). (Not) see the Wood for the Trees? 19,000+ Sherds of Tablewares and what we can do with them. In Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautores Acta 40 (pp. 505–514). Bonn.

Davies, J. K. (2005). Linear and nonlinear flow models for ancient economies. In J. G. Manning & I. Morris (Eds.), (pp. 127–156). Stanford.

Jin, E. M., Girvan, M., & Newman, M. E. (2001). Structure of growing social networks. Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics, 64(4 Pt 2), 046132.

Morris, I., Saller, R. P., & Scheidel, W. (2007). Introduction. In W. Scheidel, I. Morris, & R. P. Saller (Eds.), The Cambridge economic history of the Greco-Roman world (pp. 1–12). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Temin, P. (2013). The Roman Market Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

November 23, 2014

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Antiquity Online Supplements

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Data and materials are published in recognised web formats wherever possible, but additional plugins and third-party software may be required to view some files.

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Deir el Medine Online: Nichtliterarische Ostraka aus Deir el Medine

Deir el Medine Online: Nichtliterarische Ostraka aus Deir el Medine
Die Zahl der im Gebiet der Arbeitersiedlung von Deir el Medine gefundenen Ostraka mit nichtliterarischem Inhalt hat die 10.000 bereits weit hinter sich gelassen und wird möglicherweise auch die 20.000 noch überschreiten. „Deir el Medine online" dient dem Ziel, dieser Textflut mit Hilfe moderner Technologien Herr zu werden.

Die Ostraka werden in einer heutigen wissenschaftlichen Anforderungen gerecht werdenden Weise bearbeitet und unter Nutzung der technischen Möglichkeiten, die dieses Medium bietet, im Internet publiziert.

Die Präsentation der einzelnen Texte folgt einem einheitlichen Muster: Sie werden jeweils anhand eines detaillierten, für alle Ostraka gleichen Schemas beschrieben, hieroglyphisch transliteriert, phonetisch transkribiert übersetzt und ausführlich kommentiert. Die Dokumentation wird durch eine farbige Digitalfotografie - bei Bedarf auch durch mehrere - komplettiert. Außerdem erlaubt das System umfassende Recherchemöglichkeiten im gesamten Datenmaterial. Damit kann ein grundlegendes - und durch zusätzliche Daten jederzeit erweiterbares - Instrumentarium für die Arbeit mit diesen Texten zur Verfügung gestellt werden.

November 22, 2014

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ASCSA Digital Collections

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Explore the collections of the American School of Classical Studies by using the sidebar on the left or the search box above.
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The Scrypt software is a tool for computer-assisted decipherment of ancient alphabetic inscriptions, enabling the user to choose a set of possible readings for each cell of the inscription, and to automatically launch dictionary searches for selected regions of the text in the Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew dictionary. The name Scrypt is inspired by a fusion of script (as in “ancient script”), script (a special kind of computer program) and crypt (as in “cryptography”).

Click on a cell to view (and possibly change) its content, and select a continuous range of cells to launch a dictionary search. Finally, just click on a word among the dictionary results, in order to save it in the "Readings" panel to the right.

Dig Quest: Israel

Dig Quest: Israel
By The Friends of the Israel Antiquities Authority
Become an archeologist! Use your iPhone or iPad as a tool to tap, dig, and explore Israel’s past. Discover the Dead Sea Scrolls in an ancient cave, and piece them together to reveal their meaning! Dig up the 2,000 year old Lod Mosaic, then uncover its story in a fast-paced quiz game! You’ll need skills, creativity, and smarts to become a great archaeologist and unlock all the rewards.

• Use your iPhone or iPad as an archaeological tool to brush, tap, and dig for hidden relics
• Explore an ancient cave and search for the Dead Sea Scrolls then piece 14 of them together in a challenging puzzle game
• Dig up a 2,000 year old mosaic floor and play a fast-paced quiz game in which you unlock the secrets of the mosaic
• Grow your own collection of antiquities as you master the games – try to win them all!

• 30+ levels in two unique games based on world-famous archaeological discoveries
• 50+ stunning images of real antiquities
• Amazing historical facts and artifacts
• Spoken word excerpts from the Dead Sea Scrolls
• Gabe, your host and team leader, is based on a composite of real archaeologists working in the field

Dig Quest: Israel was created by the Israel Antiquities Authority and features addictive games and puzzles based on world-famous antiquities in the National Treasures. The games in the App are designed around real discoveries and archaeological artifacts and were developed in collaboration with the IAA’s team of pre-eminent archaeologists, scholars and researchers. As they play, kids get a feel for what archaeologists do as they experience the excitement of discovery and the creativity and skills involved in solving mysteries from the distant past.

The Dead Sea Scrolls are among the oldest biblical manuscripts and are considered the greatest manuscript discovery of the 20th century.

The Lod Mosaic is one of the largest, best preserved Roman mosaics ever found and is currently touring the world with stops at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Louvre, Waddeson Manor and the Hermitage.

**FREE for iPhone and iPad

Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

iWork for iCloud Gets Expanded Language Capabilities

On Nov. 21 Apple updated its iWork web apps -- Pages, Numbers, and Keynote beta for iCloud -- to include 8 new languages: Arabic, Brazilian Portuguese, French, German, Hebrew, Japanese, Simpified Chinese, and Spanish. Pages (but not the others) can finally do RTL text input, Arabic and Hebrew. Indic scripts are still not supported.

The Homer Multitext

Greek and Latin in an Age of Open Data

We're pleased to announce that the Homer Multitext project will be presenting two papers at the "Greek and Latin in an Age of Open Data" conference hosted by the Open Philology Project at the University of Leipzig, December 1-4. You can read our papers "A Redefinition of Classical Scholarship" and "Open Access and the Practicality of Citizen Scholarship" from the conference program.

November 21, 2014

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The Annals of Eutychius of Alexandria (10th c. AD) – opening section of chapter 8

(I thought that it might be interesting to see how an Arabic Christian writer of the 10th century, Eutychius, also known as Sa’id al-Bitrik, the patriarch of Alexandria, saw the events of the time of Christ.  This is from the Italian translation, via Google translate, plus a certain amount of smartening up.  I think we may all have some fun trying to recognise the names from the Arabic transcriptions!)

1. In the fourth year of the reign of Cleopatra, there reigned over the city of Rome a king named Ghābiyūs Qaysar for four years.  After him then reigned, over Rome, a king called Yūliyūs Qaysar for three years (1).  After him, there reigned in the city of Rome Awghustus Qaysar son of Mūnarkhus, in the eleventh year of the reign of Cleopatra.

Caesar Augustus extended his dominion over the world and made kings subject to him.  When Cleopatra heard of Caesar Augustus she was dismayed, and felt a great fear.  She therefore strengthened her kingdom by erecting a wall from Nubia to al-Farama (2), on the east bank of the Nile, and a wall from Nubia to Alexandria on the west bank of the Nile.  Today [that] wall is called “Hayt al-‘Ağūz” (3).  Cleopatra then lived at Alexandria in Egypt and had a lieutenant named Anthony.  Caesar Augustus heard about her and decided to subject her to his dominion.  Then Augustus learned that the Jews of Ūrashalīm had refused obedience to him, and that the kingdom of Judah had not been ruled by the family of David since the time of their deportation at the hands of Bakhtanassar.  The Jews, in fact, do not recognize anyone as their king, even today, unless he is one of the descendants of David.  At that time there was a priest descended from David, named Aristūbal, who ruled the Jews instead of a king.  Augustus sent his general named Bitiyūs (4), who laid siege to Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem] and conquered it.  He bound Aristobulus, priest of the Jews, together with a group of his men, and he sent them to Rome after imposing a personal tribute on the Jews.  Then he went away from them.  Among the Jews there arose serious disorder, and they elected as priest, instead of Aristobulus, his brother called Irqān (5).  Irqān had become friends with a man of Ascalon, named Antibatrus (6).  A native of Cyprus (7), he was a servant of the temple of idols and the father of Hirūdus.

The priest Hyrcanus appointed Herod, son of Antipater, to hunt down thieves, he being a very rude man.  But some residents of the Ghawr (8) made a raid on Bayt al-Maqdis, captured the priest Hyrcanus and killed Antipater, father of Herod.  The city was thus without an administrator and headless.  Herod ingratiated himself with the Rums [Romans] who resided in Bayt al-Maqdis, and gave them great wealth, thus becoming governor and leader of Bayt al-Maqdis.  Then Herod learned that Caesar Augustus, king of Rum, was on his way to Egypt in search of Cleopatra.  He met him in ar-Ramlah (9) bringing many gifts and he made with him a covenant of friendship.  When he arrived in Egypt, Augustus had Anthony, Cleopatra’s lieutenant, killed, and he went to Alexandria in search of Cleopatra to seize her, and expose her to ignominy and show her at Rum.  When Cleopatra heard that Caesar Augustus had killed her lieutenant Anthony, and had occupied Egypt, fearing to be exposed to mockery, and preferring to die, killed herself to avoid dishonour once she had fallen into his hands.  But she called two of her handmaidens, one named Abra, who combed her hair and made her beautiful, and the other named Mitriya, who cut her nails and dressed her, and commanded them to go into the garden and bring her the snake was called bāsīlidah (10).  That done, she tried it at first on the two maids who, bitten, died instantly.  Seeing that the viper caused death swiftly, [Cleopatra] took the crown, and she put on her head, every ornament of gold and silver, gems, corundum and chrysolido she had, then put on her royal robes, took the snake and pulled it to her left breast, because she knew that the heart is on the left side.  The snake bit her and [Cleopatra] died instantly.  When Caesar Augustus saw her, he was astonished by what she had done, and the fact that she had preferred death to a life of slavery and humiliation. They say that when King Caesar Augustus went in to her, he found her with her left hand grasping the crown, as to not have it fall from the head, and found her seated on a throne.  Others have said that, she wanting to die, injured her arm with a knife, to bring out the blood, and then took some snake venom that she had with her and putting it on the wound, she died instantly.  This took place in the twelfth year of the reign of Caesar Augustus.  Thus ended the reign of Cleopatra.

To be continued…

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Some Open Access Articles from Chronique d'Égypte

 [First posted in AWOL 5 January 2011, updated 21 November 2014]

The website of Chronique d'Égypte (ISSN 0009-6067) includes links to a set of open access articles:
[The following articles are no longer on the official website but remain accessible at the Internet Archive links below]
Quelques contributions récentes sont disponibles ici en version pdf:
·  Herman De Meulenaere, Sculptures dorées d'Abydos (2004) - version pdf
·  Jean Bingen, Herman De Meulenaere, Luc Limme et Alain Martin, Arpag Mekhitarian (1911-2004) (2005) - version pdf
·  Alain Martin et Marguerite Rassart-Debergh, Tissus coptes des Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire de Bruxelles (don Demulling) (2005) - version pdf
·  Jean Bingen, Le contrat de nourrice P.S.A. Athen. 20 = C.P.Gr. I 26 (110 p.C.) (2006) - version pdf
·  Georges Nachtergael, À propos d'une épitaphe chrétienne d'Égypte et des graphies du nom Hèrakleidès (2006) - version pdf
·  Alain Martin, Dix ampoules de saint Ménas aux Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire (2006) - version pdf
·  Marie-Paule Vanlathem, L'iconographie des bronzes du dieu Néferhotep (2007) - version pdf
·  Jean Bingen, P.S.A. Athen. 9 + 13 et le dioecète Dioskouridès (2007) - version pdf
·  Georges Nachtergael, De quelques comptes d'un grand domaine de Haute-Égypte au IIe siècle p.C. (2007) - version pdf
·  Égypte chrétienne - Livres (2007) - version pdf

Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

Who needs an osteologist? (Installment 21)

One of my undergraduates pointed out today a Twitter post by Kathy Reichs, the author, of course, of the Temperance Brennan book series on which the TV show Bones is based.*  Reichs' post is a throwback Thursday picture of her working in the lab at the LSJML in Montreal:

My student noticed that the scapulae, humeri, and tibiae were mis-sided and not laid out in anatomical position.  Surely, she thought, Reichs would not post a picture of herself with bones in weird positions.  I harp on this in class all the time: lay out the bones in anatomical position. They have to be as close as you can get to anatomical position.

I am well aware that when you're working on a skeleton, bones get out of place and rearranged.  I've absolutely confused myself before by not paying attention and putting bones back in the wrong places, then wondering why there was suddenly a new fracture on the bone.  But Reichs' photo involves practically all of the bones not in anatomical position.  She was looking at the posterior aspect of the arm and shoulder bones? The tibiae got misplaced? Quickly staged photo op? (But how long does it take to lay out 20 large, unbroken bones... 2 minutes tops?)

So, who needs an osteologist today?  Apparently Kathy Reichs does.

*Full disclaimer -- as much as I rag on Bones in my reviews, I am a huge fan of Reichs and especially her book series (which is way, way better forensically than the TV show).  And thanks to Jennifer Waters for pointing this out - A+ osteological work!

Previous Installments of Who needs an osteologist?

Robert Consoli (Squinches)

The Boeotian parallel economy. Part 1.

In the Acharnians Aristophanes presents an Athenian named Dicaeopolis who is tired of the Peloponnesian War and decides to opt out.  It is the sixth year of the war and our hero is sick, among other things, of the self-aggrandizing politicians who might make peace but don't because it would diminish their self-importance.  So Dicaeopolis arranges a truce between the Spartans and just his family (it costs him eight drachmae).  Having secured his private peace, his first action is to open a market in goods that would otherwise have been contraband.  A Theban merchant furnishes him with delicacies which would usually be embargoed since Boeotia was an ally of the Spartans.  Our Theban cries up his wares with gusto in unmistakable Dorian accents:

ὅσ᾿ ἐστὶν ἀγαθὰ Βοιωτοῖς· ἁπλῶς ὀρίγανον, γλαχώ, ψιάθως, θρυαλλίδας, νάσσας, κολοιώς, ἀτταγᾶς, φαλαρίδας, τροχίλως, κολύμβως
καὶ μὰν φέρω χᾶνας, λαγώς, ἀλώπεκας, σκάλοπας, ἐχίνως, αἰελώρως, πικτίδας, ἰκτίδας, ἐνύδριας, ἐγχέλιας Κωπαΐδας.

“Just everything good that the Boeotians have: marjoram, pennyroyal, rush mats, lamp wicks, ducks, jackdaws, francolins, coots, wrens, grebes.
I’ve also got geese, hares, foxes, moles, hedgehogs, cats, badgers, martens, otters, Copaic eels.”[1]

Now not all these products came from Lake Copais (except for the eels) but it is an interesting catalogue nonetheless.  It sheds light on Farinetti’s description of the ‘parallel economy’, that is to say, the economy that would exist in an alternative Boeotia in which Lake Copais hadn't been drained for agriculture.[2]  Let us examine these items of the parallel economy in a little more detail.  I start with the plants.  In a further post I will examine the birds, animals, and the .. eels on Aristophanes' list.

ὀρίγανον:   Oregano, translated here as ‘marjoram’ to which it is closely related but Aristophanes probably meant the common Origanum vulgare or ‘wild marjoram’.   Marjoram proper is Origanum majorana or 'sweet marjoram’ and is slightly sweeter.     Oregano is an acrid herb and has well-known uses in cooking.  For example, in the Deipnosophists it is mentioned as a spice for cooking conger eels[3].  It was also thought to have medical uses in antiquity.   Oregano is gathered on the hillsides and not commonly found in swampy or marshy areas.  In addition, oregano will grow on any sunny slope including, presumably, those in Attica and so it's not clear why oregano has to come from Boeotia in particular.

γλαχώ, Dor. for βλήχων.  Pennyroyal (Mentha Pulegium) also squaw mint, mosquito plant, and pudding grass.  A traditional herb with a long history of uses; the crushed leaves give off the aroma of spearmint.  Used in cooking, for example, in Apicius who names it as an important ingredient in cooking boar, venison, mutton, and pig.[4]

ψιάθως,  Dor. for ψίαθος.  ‘Rush mats’.  The rush is σχοῖνος which Theophrastus places among the water plants.[5]    The rushes are characterized by round stems and spongy piths[6] and when dried they are suitable for weaving or plaiting; something known to many cultures.  They are common in Greece and so we cannot know for sure which rushes the Greeks thought suitable for weaving into mats but one obvious candidate is Juncus effusus.  This rush, commonly called 'soft rush' is suitable for weaving or twisting (e.g. into rope or cord).  Herodotus gives an example of rushes twisted into a cord for lowering a basket and Plato uses the same word to mean a rope or cord.[7]

The spongy pith, when dipped in fat or wax and then lit, will make a serviceable illumination.  It is estimated that a 2' section will burn for an hour.[8]  This connects us with the next entry on θρυαλλίς.

θρυαλλίδας, a dim. of θρυαλλίς, either a wick[9] or a plant from which lamp wicks can be made.  In LSJ θρυαλλίς is defined as "plantain, Plantago crassifolia" or, according to current naming conventions, Plantago crassifolia Forsskal.  This is a member of the Plantaginaceae and, while sometimes called 'plantain' it is not the commonly understood plantain which is the hybrid Musa × paradisiaca.  The habitat of P. crassifolia is ordinarily in brackish marshes, edges of salt marshes, etc.[10]  There are good pictures of it here.

Wicks are made by twisting a vegetable or animal fiber and, usually, impregnated with a fatty substance like oil or wax.  They can also be made from an unaltered vegetable fiber such as the core of the stem of the rush (previous) or, here, the leaves of P. crassifolia.  Pliny, in the Natural History, makes the explicit connection between θρυαλλίς and lamp wicks.[11]

Other plausible candidates for θρυαλλίς are Verbascum thapsis (mullein) which is a European native and Verbascum olimpicum which is native to the Peloponnese.   [12]   


[1] Acharnians 873-880.  In [Henderson 1998] 166-168.

[2] [Farinetti 2011] App. III, 7.  She says of the swampy areas of the Copais: “In fact, such areas are not simply a pure obstacle to the expansion of cultivation, but in the majority of cases are an ideal place for a parallel economy which can ‘exploit’ the natural conditions, and which coexists with the agrarian economy, and, to a certain degree, can be considered an expansion of it”.

[3] [Olson 2009] 364-365, Deipnosophists, xiv.662.  Quoting Antiphanes in Philotis (fr. 221).   Also in [Olson 2007] 384-7, Deipii.68.a and b.

[4] [Vehling 1936] Book VIII (Quadrupeds), sections 332,333, 342, 348, 349, 370, (hare) 386, 388, and many others.  A translation of Book VIII may be found on-line here.  The Latin word used throughout is 'menta'; the original latin text may be consulted here.

[5]  Theophrastus, Enq. Plants, iv.12.1 in [Hort 1916] 378 ff.   The connection of the rushes to lake margins is common knowledge: "[their habitats] often feature moist areas at forest margins, wet grasslands, wetland margins, lake shores, river banks, and in fen-meadows" in Encyclopedia of Life.  "Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), marshes, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands)" in GoBotany.  "It grows in large clumps about 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) tall at the water's edge along streams and ditches, but can be invasive anywhere with moist soil. It is commonly found growing in humus-rich areas like marshes, ditches, fens, and beaver dams" in iNaturalist.  " It is common on the margins of rivers, ponds, lakes and ditches and will occur as scattered stands in open, wet woodland. It apparently avoids base-rich soils and is most characteristic of sandy and peaty substrates, especially open heaths and moors" in the IUCN redlist.

[6] A good picture showing comparative cross-sections may be found here.

[7] Hdt.5.16.  "τῶν δὲ πλῆθος ἐστὶ τοσοῦτο ὥστε, ὅταν τὴν θύρην τὴν καταπακτὴν ἀνακλίνῃ, κατιεῖ σχοίνῳ σπυρίδα κεινὴν ἐς τὴν λίμνην, καὶ οὐ πολλόν τινα χρόνον ἐπισχὼν ἀνασπᾷ πλήρεα ἰχθύων"  "..and of fish there is such abundance, that a man opens his trap-door and lets an empty basket down by a line into the lake, and it is no long time before he draws it up full of fish."  [Strassler/Purvis 2009] 373

Plato in the Timaeus

(78B): "οἷον σχοίνους κύκλῳ"  "as it were ropes ... in a circle"

[8] http://www.basketryandbeyond.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Materials-Panels.pdf

[9]  IPhilyllius frag. 25 [Storey 2011] 36-7.   Also in Aristophanes Wasps: 251 (LCL 488: 252-253); Clouds: 59 (LCL 488: 16-17);  585 (LCL 488 86-89); Acharnians: 826 (LCL 178 160-1);  916, 917, 918, 925 (LCL 178: 172-175) and in Pausanias, Attica, xxvi.7 (LCL 93: 136-137)

[10] "Inoltre sono presenti habitat importanti come le dune mobili del cordone litorale e nelle zone retrodunale le foreste alluvionali",  http://www2.provincia.campobasso.it/ambiente/banca_dati/saccione.htm

[11] Thphrastus, Enquiry into Plants vii.11.2  (LCL 79: 120-121) identifies thruallis with a plant with a spike. Pliny, Natural History 25, 121 (LCL 393: 224-225) makes the connection to wicks explicit.

[12] For Verbascum thapsis see [Bowe and DeHart 2011]108.    For a video of the Verbascum olimpicum see this.


[Bowe and DeHart 2011] Partick Bowe and Michael D. DeHart.  Gardens and Plants of the Getty Villa.  Getty Publications, Los Angeles, Ca. 2011.

[Farinetti 2011] Boeotian landscapes. British Archaeological Reports.  2011.
It can be downloaded as several .pdfs.  The list is here: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/14500

[Henderson 1998]  Jeffrey Henderson, ed. and trans.  Aristophanes. Acharnians. Knights.  Loeb Classical Library, no. 178. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

[Henderson 2000] Jeffrey Henderson, ed. and trans.,  Aristophanes. Birds. Lysistrata. Women at the Thesmophoria.  Loeb Classical Library, no. 179. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000.

[Hort 1915]  Arthur F. Hort, trans., TheophrastusEnquiry into Plants, Volume I: Books 1-5.  Loeb Classical Library 70. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1916.

[LSJ] Henry George Liddell & Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1940.  Consulted on-line here: http://logeion.uchicago.edu/about.html

[Olson 2007] S. Douglas Olson ed. and trans., Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters, Volume I: Books 1-3.106e.  Loeb Classical Library 204. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

[Olson 2009] S. Douglas Olson, ed. and trans., Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters, Volume V: Books 10.420e-11.  Loeb Classical Library 274. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.

[Storey 2011] Ian C. Storey, ed.  and trans., Fragments of Old Comedy, Volume III: Philonicus to Xenophon. Adespota.  Loeb Classical Library 515. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.

[Strassler/Purvis 2009] Robert B. Strassler ed., Andrea L. Purvis, trans., The Landmark Herodotus, The Histories.  Anchor Books, New York, 2009.

[Vehling 1936] J.D. Vehling trans., Apicius, de Re Coquinaria.  Edited by Walter M. Hill (1936) and found on-line here.

Objects-Building-Situations (Kostis Kourelis)

Mystical K

William Penn and Benjamin Franklin have dominated Pennsylvania's historical airwaves. Their no-nonsense Protestant ethic served well the ideology of the nation as it developed into a capitalist empire. It is particularly interesting how the majority of Philadelphia Quakers became Episcopalians in the 19th century, suggesting that Quaker spirituality became increasingly incompatible with the

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Archimède: Archéologie et histoire ancienne

Archimède: Archéologie et histoire ancienne
La revue Archimède. Archéologie et histoire ancienne est une revue liée à l’Unité mixte de recherche 7044 "Archéologie et histoire ancienne : Europe-Méditerranée" (Archimède).

Double objectif scientifique : 

  • valoriser les productions et expertises du laboratoire 
  • jouer un rôle dans le paysage international de la recherche en archéologie et en histoire (de la Préhistoire à Byzance, Europe-Méditerranée).

Axes structurants :

  • favoriser les interactions disciplinaires
  • encourager les collaborations avec les acteurs de l’archéologie préventive (INRAP, PAIR, ANTEA)
  • accueillir et favoriser les travaux des historiens et des archéologues croisant les thématiques des sciences sociales et de l’anthropologie culturelle
  • approfondir les collaborations entre historiens, archéologues et spécialistes des sciences de la nature.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

I’m still hanging out at the American School of Oriental Research annual meeting in sunny and warm San Diego. Unlike some years, I’ve been able to enjoy a full slate of panels. Yesterday the panel on Maritime Archaeology and Object Biography were particularly thought provoking, and today it looks like I could spend about 6 or 7 hours in panels devoted to the archaeology of Cyprus.

So with the travel and conferencing by quick hits and varia will look a bit thin, but I figure I do owe my readers something!

IMG 2345

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Antiche miniere d'oro romane rivelate da immagini LIDAR

lidar-erica-valleyGrazie alla tecnica LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), sistema laser collegato a un aereo, sono state individuate nella zona Las Médulas in León in Spagna antiche strutture minerari e il sistema idraulico complesso utilizzato dai Romani nel I secolo a.C. per estrarre l'oro (compresi i canali, i serbatoi e una doppia diversione del fiume).

November 20, 2014

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Severian of Gabala bibliography updated again

I received an email this evening telling me about four new English translations of homilies by Severian on the ascension; also that De Spiritu Sancto, as published by Migne, is missing the last 10 lines; and that the Clavis Patrum Graecorum Supplement has quite a bit of extra material.  Which, I find, it does.

I posted my bibliographic notes in this post, so I had better update them again.  These are not scholarly, just derived from whatever I have to hand, as a guide for commissioning translations.  But here they are:

From my diary

A new job at the start of November, so I have been rather preoccupied.  But a little progress has been made.

I’ve commissioned a translation of the fragments of Theodore of Mopsuestia on Genesis.  The main part of this was published by Sachau from the Syriac, but there are also Greek fragments.  The tendency towards a  non-allegorical approach in the Antiochene writers means that what he has to say should be of interest even today.

I hope to get some translations made of some of the medieval Greek legendary hagiographical material about St Nicholas of Myra – also known as Santa Claus.  It is remarkable that no English translation exists of almost all this material, regardless of its evident lack of historical value.

It was my intention to do some work on a translation of the 10th century Arabic Christian writer Eutychius.  No time so far!

A little work has been done on the Mithras site – uploading a couple more monuments, as photographs became available – but nothing significant.

I’m not clear how much time I shall get at home at Christmas and New Year, but there will be more activity if I get the chance!

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Professional Development for Possibilities Outside the Professoriate Track

As a doctoral student in rhetoric and writing who came to graduate school with an interest in the connections between the arts, social justice, and community-engaged scholarship and with experience working in various nonprofit settings focused on literacy and arts, I have always kept one eye on non-academic positions and the possibility of seeking out professional development, assistantships, and research opportunities that would situate me well to follow my gaze back to the nonprofit world whence I came. As I get closer and closer to looking the job market in the eye next year, I find myself thinking increasingly about the best ways to market my academic research, teaching, and administrative experiences and skills for the traditional tenure-track professoriate, even as I continue to develop additional skills and experiences. Now is great time to be interested in these types of positions because universities are increasingly attentive to how they can prepare graduate students for these types of jobs, and Michigan State University has many related initiatives, including the Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative and the CHI Fellowship.

As someone interested in public humanities, I recently attended a workshop hosted by the MSU Graduate School called “‘Alt-Ac’ and ‘Post-Ac’ Careers in the Humanities: Navigating a Shifting Landscape,” facilitated by Dr. Kristy Rawson, Assistant Director of Graduate Career Development at the University of Chicago, which was introduction to the discourse surrounding career possibilities beyond the traditional tenure-track professoriate. The workshop focused especially on understanding emerging concepts and rhetoric surrounding types of available jobs and emerging terms used to discuss this burgeoning trend.  In this post, I’m going to discuss a few takeaways and share some resources for diving deeper into this conversation.

Because much of the workshop attended to navigating the shifting rhetoric regarding positions beyond traditional tenure-track professor appointments, the workshop begin with differentiating between “alt-ac” and “post-ac.” According to Rawson, alternative-academy positions, or “alt-ac” as they’ve come to be known, are jobs within the academy that are alternatives the professoriate tenure-track, but frequently emphasize positions that involve doctoral training. Post-academy “post-ac” careers or, on the other hand, involve the public and non-profit sectors such as libraries, presses and publishing houses, museums and cultural centers.

Rawson recommended a handful of practical steps for a graduate student interested in pursuing alt-ac and post-ac jobs, including:

•    Develop a portfolio: Count and document everything, Rawson said. I think this is the professional development equivalent of “pics or it didn’t happen.”

•    Analyze job descriptions: Keep any eye out for position descriptions that interest you. What language do they use? What types of skills and experiences do they call for?  I keep a file I call “Dream Jobs” in which I’ve been compiling job descriptions for a couple years. Not only has this helped me figure out which kinds of jobs align with my skill set, but I also have an increasing sense of how to talk with people across contexts.

•    Seek out volunteering and internship opportunities: Because if we know there’s one thing grad students and academics have an excess of it’s time, right? Well, no, but these types of experiences can be invaluable in the long run, even if they’re one-off or short-term experiences. Be sure to collect recommendations and evaluations from your experiences for your portfolio.

•    Conduct informational interviews: Contact professionals holding positions that interest you and ask to meet with them briefly, over coffee or during office hours. Not only will you gain more information about career paths, but informational interviews might also serve as networking and mentoring opportunities.

•    Think about transferable skills: How can you apply the experiences you have to other situations and settings? Think big and broadly, I know one faculty member who frequently discusses and has published on how her work as a bartender translates to pedagogy.

These tips only begin to scratch the surface of this topic. If you’re interested in digging deeper to into the discussion of professional development and post-ac and alt-ac jobs, here are some resources for further reading that you might find useful:

In the comments, I’d love to hear about other resources, conversations, and tips you have for professional development for graduate students interested “alt-ac” and “post-ac” careers.

Maxim Romanov (al-raqmiyyāt)

al-Thurayyā Gazetteer Ver. 02

view in full screen This is our first usable demo of al-Thurayyā Gazetteer. Currently it includes over 2,000 toponyms and almost as many route sections georeferenced from Georgette Cornu’s Atlas du monde arabo-islamique à l’époque classique: IXe-Xe siècles (Leiden: Brill, 1983). The gazetteer is searchable (upper left corner), although English equivalents are not yet included; […]

Robert Consoli (Squinches)

The sinkholes of the Copaic Basin

The height above sea level (a.s.l.) of the surface of Lake Copais has been historically limited by the presence of sinkholes (katavothrai).  These sinkholes have formed in the karstic hills around the lake, particularly on the east side.[1]  These channels have tended to limit the surface of the lake to about  97 m a.s.l. at maximum.  At that height the basin is fully flooded.  The Mycenaeans used the presence of these sinkholes as the crucial part of their drainage project.  How many of these sinkholes are there and where are they located?  

In 1916 a young researcher named Angelos Ginis toured the eastern end of the lake during which he identified and located 24 of these sinkholes.[2]  I present here the diagram that Ginis created:[3]

Map of the sinkholes of the eastern Copaic Basin according to Angelos Ginis, 1916.
I have added numbers in red to aid the reader in locating the numbers in Ginis' scheme.
The Grand Katavothra, the primary sink in the Mycenaean scheme, is at 8.  Gla is at 10 (I do not know and cannot tell whether Ginis intended to identify a sinkhole at that location or whether he was simply marking the location of Gla itself.)

I have transcribed Ginis' information onto a Google map.  Some of the locations were known exactly; others may not be quite accurate.  I have not had the opportunity to survey the ground;  I would appreciate corrections from better-informed readers.

Map of the sinkholes of the Copaic Basin, after Ginis (1917).

I have placed a .kml and a .kmz of this map on Google Drive here.

The information for each sinkhole is as follows:

Ginis number
Translated Name
Name as transcribed by Moustakas
3Not named-38.50227123.160357
5‘Houses’ Σπιτιών (but 'Spilia' in [Simpson 1981], fig. 6, 60).  'Spitia' in [F. 2011] 128.38.51835623.239332
8Large KatavothraΜεγάλη Καταβόθρα
11Pletea 1 ('Ptelea' in [Simpson 1981] fig 6, 60.)Πλαταιών38.47422123.191888
12Pletea 2 or poss. 'Vrystika' (accdg. to AROURA).  'Pletea'? in Ginis' list.  Not labelled in [Simpson 1981]Πλαταιών
16Not named-38.42697523.180359
17Not named-38.42608723.176423
18Not named-38.42286123.174180
19Not named-
20Small KatavothraΜικρή Καταβόθρα38.40381423.168084
21Kasnetsios (Kasnechi kat.' in [Simpson 1981) fig. 6, 60.Κασνετσίου38.40259623.178890
22Not named-38.38775923.166135

*misread by [Moustakas 2012] as Βρυσίτσας.   Ginis' diagram plainly says 'VRISTICA' or 'VRISTIKA'.  Also [Simpson 1981] fig. 6, 60 labels #13 'Vristika kat.'.  But when the AROURA project refers to 'Vrystika' they appear to mean #12 in Ginis' list.[4]

Pictures of the 'Large Katavothra' (#8) can  be found here.

Katavothra 12 ("Plataea 2") seems to be the same Katavothra explored by the AROURA project and which is called the 'Vrystika' Katavothra in their literature.  Either they are not calling it by the right name which seems improbable or A. Ginis was mistaken in his naming, applying to #13 the local name for #12.  A Mycenaean channel flowed into the 'Vrystika' of the AROURA project (#12) and, indeed, Google Earth seems to show traces of a canal leading directly to it.[5]

[Nov. 20, 2014] I am not certain that AROURA identifies #12 with 'Vrisitka' so I've written to Dr.  Lane of AROURA for clarification.

I think that the following photo shows what AROURA means.  I have joined what appear to be canal features (L) with solid lines (R).

Hypothetical reconstruction of the canal that leads to Katabothra #12 in Ginis' list.  I believe that this
Katabothra is the one intended by AROURA when they refer to the Katabothra of 'Vrystika'.


[1]  [Farinetti 2008] 116.  [Moustakas 2012] section 3.3.

[2] [Moustakas 2012] section 3.3.2.  He gives his sources as  Ginis, A., “On the drainage and cultivation of Lake Kopais”, Archimedes, 17 (1), 1-7, 1916 and Ginis, A., “On the drainage and cultivation of Lake Kopais”, Archimedes, 17 (2), 13-18, 1916v.

[3] From[Moustakas 2012] 3.3.3

[4]  I would appreciate being definitively notified that I am wrong about this and that AROURA really means to identify 'Vristika' with #13 on Ginis' list.  The home page of AROURA is here. AROURA stands for Area Research of Uninvestigated Remains of Agriculture and is "an official collaboration between the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), and the 9th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities ...".  They are exploring the cultivated areas of the Copaic Basin around Gla.  And see this from Chronique des fouilles en ligne which is published by the École Française d'Athenes and the British School at Athens. In particular see fig. 1. The Vrystika sinkhole is at Point M1 in that figure just south of Gla.

[5] For photographs of the 'Vrystika' Katavothra see this from AROURA photographs 16 and 17.


[F. 2011] Emeri Farinetti, Boeotian landscapes. British Archaeological Reports.  2011.

[Farinetti 2008] Emeri Farinetti, “Fluctuating Landscapes: the case of the Copais Basin in ancient Boeotia”, Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene LXXXVI, s. III, 8, 2008, pp. 115- 138.  Online here.

[Farinetti 2011] Emeri Farinetti, Boeotian landscapes. British Archaeological Reports.  2011.

[Moustakas 2012] Sotiris, Moustakas. “Reconstruction Operation in Ancient Hydraulic Works: Area of Kopais”.  National Technical University School of Civil Engineering.  Department of Water Resources and Environment.  Athens, 2012.   In modern Greek. Online here.

[Simpson 1981] Richard Hope Simpson,  Mycenaean Greece.  Noyes Press, New Jersey, USA.  1981.

dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

EVENT: The Twentieth Anniversary Conference of the Roy Rosenzsweig Center for History and New Media, #rrchnm20

A conference celebrating the 20th Anniversary of the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media took place at George Mason University, November 14-15, 2014. The first day was an unconference format devoted to “Hacking the History of RRCHNM,” followed by a day of invited short talks and discussion grouped into two topics: “the future of DH Centers” and “the future of Digital History.”

Bethany Nowviskie has shared her comments from the session on DH Centers. In “Speculative Computing & the Centers to Come,” Nowviskie reflects on the history of RRCHNM and its role in shaping digital humanities centers, alongside her own background first at the University of Virginia’s SpecLab, and followed by her work at UVa’s Scholars’ Lab, noting “the founding and sustaining and continual renewal of a DH center is itself an active form of hope for the future.”

Also part of the conversation on DH Centers was a session on Gender and DH Centers, whose collaborative notes were shared by Sheila Brennan.

During the second part of the day, William G. Thomas III (University of Nebraska) delivered a talk on “The Future of Digital History,” in which he calls for digital historians to “review more, interpret more, and reciprocate more,” in order to “reconstitute history for the digital age.”

In digital history we will do those computational things, of course, and we have for a long time, but our purpose is more radical, a reconstitution of history for the digital era in which a fully complex social reality of today, the present, meets or resides with and in relation to a fully complex social reality of yesterday, the past.

Other highlights from the conference include the Digital Campus Episode #109 podcast, which was recorded live from the conference:

Mills Kelly, Stephen Robertson, and Tom Scheinfeldt joined host Dan Cohen to recap the earlier sessions of the day, including discussions on failure, ECHO, History Makers, pedagogy, and digital humanities centers’ websites.

The post EVENT: The Twentieth Anniversary Conference of the Roy Rosenzsweig Center for History and New Media, #rrchnm20 appeared first on dh+lib.

RESOURCE: Evaluating Digital Scholarship: Suggestions and Strategies for the Text Encoding Initiative

Issue 7 (“Reaching Out, Opting In”) of the Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative is now available. The issue contains work on learning TEI, interoperable scholarly editions, design methodology, as well as an article by Sarah L. Pfannenschmidt and Tanya E. Clement entitled, “Evaluating Digital Scholarship: Suggestions and Strategies for the Text Encoding Initiative.”

The abstract for Pfannenschmidt and Clement’s piece:

As part of a larger pilot study on the evaluation of digital scholarship, we consider what role, if any, the TEI Consortium and user community might play in evaluating scholarship that utilize the TEI tag set. Our rationale for focusing on the role of the TEI Consortium in the discussion of evaluation is twofold. First, the TEI Guidelines represents an encoding standard for texts that is supported by a large community actively interested in the application and development of these standards. Second, feedback concerning evaluation criteria for digital scholarship has not been explicitly gathered from the TEI community and may provide additional understanding of the value, process, and assessment of text encoding. Determining what to evaluate and how to do so reveals the community’s definitions of scholarship in general. The clarification and articulation of evaluation criteria, therefore, remains a high priority as digital scholarship continues to develop.

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RESOURCE: Working with Data Using OpenRefine

Owen Stephens (Open University) has written a post sharing the materials for his British Library course, Working with Data. The course is part of the Digital Scholarship Training Programme aimed at cross-training British Library staff. The program’s offerings are “designed to be introductory and are aimed at ‘Intelligent Novices’, that is, colleagues who have heard about the concepts but haven’t had the time, space or opportunity to really explore them in depth.”

The course was designed to run in a 6 hour day, including two 15 minute coffee breaks and a one hour lunch break. The focus of the day is very much using OpenRefine to work with data, with a very brief consideration of other tools and their strengths and weaknesses towards the end of the day.

Participants are asked to bring ‘messy data’ from their own work to the day, and one session focusses on looking at this data with the instructor, working out how OpenRefine, or other tools, might be used to work with the data.

Stephens has shared a slidedeck, a handout, and a sample data file alongside the schedule for the day-long class.

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CFP: New Directions in the Humanities Conference

The Thirteenth International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities will be held at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver Campus, June 17-19, 2015.

The call for papers  includes a “Special Focus for 2015: From the Digital Humanities to a Humanities of the Digital”:

The conference will analyze this special focus through an interdisciplinary lens, addressing the theme through keynote speakers, garden sessions, workshops, and parallel sessions:

  • The ‘digital’ as a social imaginary: exploring historical continuities and ruptures in social and cultural practices in the era of digital cultures.
  • The digital within the humanities: new methods and tools for documentation, research, and representation.
  • The political economy of digital humanities: e-learning, e-publishing, and the reframing of disciplines and institutions.
  • Big data and little data; negotiating the public and the private.
  • Open access and open cultures: developing sustainable knowledge ecologies
  • Adapting methodologies and focus in the digital age: has the dust settled on the ‘digital humanities’?
  • From the digital humanities, to a humanities of the digital; rebuilding the humanities in the shadow of the digital, and developing a humanities of the digital.



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JOB: Digital Scholarship Librarian, California College of the Arts

From the announcement:

The Digital Scholarship Librarian (DSL) will provide vision and energy in promoting the discovery, use and interoperability of digital content and digital resources in support of new knowledge creation at the college. The DSL will provide overall management for a multidisciplinary range of digital content, which includes standard file formats (i.e. publication, image, video, and audio files), open access and OER content, new asset classes (i.e. APIs and GIS data), as well as open source and subscription-based digital scholarship tools and services. The DSL will partner with fellow librarians and the Instructional Designer to ensure effective discovery, interoperability, and persistence of digital content. Together they will guide development of digital scholarship initiatives and work internally within the college as well as externally with vendors to resolve complex issues relating to scholarly content systems.

The successful candidate will bring a sense of inquisitiveness and strong problem-solving skills to the position, along with an aptitude for strategic thinking and scalable and sustainable planning, as well as a passion for and commitment to advancing digital scholarship in a flexible, media-rich, studio-based, hands-on art and design environment.

The post JOB: Digital Scholarship Librarian, California College of the Arts appeared first on dh+lib.

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Collaborative Doctoral Partnerships at the British Library

Opening leaf of the Old English epic poem ‘Beowulf’, 4th quarter of the 10th century or 1st quarter of the 11th century, Cotton MS Vitellius A XV, f. 132r This is a reminder that the deadline for applications for a Collaborative Doctoral Partnership at the British Library is 4.00pm on...

Nine-month internship in the Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Manuscripts section

The British Library is pleased to be able to offer a paid internship in the Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Manuscripts section of the Western Heritage Department for a doctoral or post-doctoral student in History, History of Art or other relevant subject. Magna Carta, 1215, Cotton MS Augustus ii.106 The...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

An Unsatisfying Final Chapter to the Tourist Guide of the Bakken

As I pushed publish on the final chapter to the Tourist Guide to the Bakken Oil Patch, I fretted over two things. First, I lying in bed at the San Diego Westin Hotel on the first fill day of the Annual Meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research. I should really be blogging about something Cypriot or at least something non-North America. So, I’m promising myself after I post this, I’ll get into the proper mood and go forth to enjoy the conference.

Next, I’m profoundly unsatisfied with how this chapter turned out. After a quick trip through the Bakken last week, I noticed that this chapter does not fairly represent the distances between sites (for example Keene and Johnson’s Corner). It does not take into account the newly opened (and spectacular) Watford City bypass. And it overlooks truly massive gravel pits along ND Route 23.


So why did I hit publish? Well, part of it is because I wanted to make sure that I followed through a presented the entire draft. I’m going to revise this anyway, so an unsatisfactory version of the manuscript online is tolerable to me. More importantly, however, I enjoyed thinking about how the invisible infrastructure of the Bakken works. The drive east on ND Route 23 from Watford City does not necessarily reveal the complex networks of pipelines that will gradually add to the industrial activity in this area. The occluded nature of certain aspects of the oil boom ranging from pipelines and gravel pits to crime, danger, and social disruption and trace a dark shadow across the Bakken. For the tourist, signs of these systems and problems will be always be obscure, but the routes on the tourist guide hopefully make a few of them more visible.


The next step is to prepare a thorough revision of the guide for proper publication. At the same time, we will work on the revision of a paper for the journal Historical Archaeology which will represent the first scholarly publication of our work. 

I. Introduction

I.1. A Brief Industrial History of the Bakken Counties
I.2. Practical Notes on Travel, Roads, and Weather in the Bakken
I.3. Technical Notes and Key Terms about the Bakken
I.4. Controversies and Concerns
I.5. The North Dakota Man Camp Project
I.6. Further Reading

II. Route 1: Minot to Ross
II1. Route 1a: Ross to White Earth

III. Route 2: Ross to Tioga

IV: Route 3: Tioga to Williston
IV.1. Route 3a: Wheelock, Nession Flats, East Williston
IV.2. Route 3b: Wildrose

V: Route 4: Williston to Watford City

VI: Route 5: Williston to Sidney, MT

VII: Route 6: Watford City to New Town

VIII. Conclusions: Industrial Tourism and Some Theoretical Reflections

So stay tuned for more Bakkentastic posts here at Archaeology of the Mediterranean World. Now, I have to shift gears and think a bit about Cyprus and the ancient Near East! 

The Signal: Digital Preservation

All the News That’s Fit to Archive

The following is a guest post from Michael Neubert, a Supervisory Digital Projects Specialist at the Library of Congress.

The Library has had a web archiving program since the early 2000s.  As with other national libraries, the Library of Congress web archiving program started out harvesting the web sites of its national election campaigns, followed by some collections to harvest sites for period of time connected with events (for example, an Iraq War web archive and a papal transition 2005 web archive along with collecting the sites of the U.S. House and Senate and the legislative branch of government more broadly.

An American of the 1930s getting his news by reading a newspaper. These days he'd likely be looking at a computer screen. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs division.

An American of the 1930s getting his news by reading a newspaper. These days he’d likely be looking at a computer screen. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs division.

The question for the Library of Congress of “what else” to harvest beyond these collections is harder to answer than one might think because of the relatively small web archiving capacity of the Library of Congress (which is influenced by our permissions approach) compared to the vast immenseness of the Internet.  About six years ago we started a collection now known as the Public Policy Topics, for which we would acquire sites with content reflecting different viewpoints and research on a broad selection of public policy questions, including the sites of national political parties, selected advocacy organizations and think tanks and other organizations with a national voice in America’s policy discussions that could be of interest to future researchers.  We are adding more sites to Public Policy Topics continuously.

Eventually I decided to include some news web sites that contained significant discussion of policy issues from particular points of view – sites ranging from DailyKos.com to Townhall.com, from TruthDig.com to Redstate.com.  We started crawling these sites on a weekly basis to try to assure complete capture over time and to build a representation of how the site looked as different news events came and went in the public consciousness (and on these web sites).  We have been able to assess the small number of such sites that we have crawled and have decided that the results are acceptable.  But this was obviously not a very large-scale effort compared to the increasing number of sites presenting general news on the Internet -for many people, their current equivalent of a newspaper.

Newspapers – they are a critical source for historical research and the Library of Congress has a long history of collecting and providing access to U.S. (and other countries’) newspapers.  Having started to collect a small number of “newspaper-like” U.S. news sites for the Public Policy Topics collection, I began a conversation with three reference librarian colleagues from the Newspaper & Current Periodical Reading Room – Amber Paranick, Roslyn Pachoca and Gary Johnson ­- about expanding this effort to a new collection, a “General News on the Internet” web archive.  They explained to me:

Our newspaper collections are invaluable to researchers.  Newspapers provide a first-hand draft of history.  They provide supplemental information that cannot be found anywhere else.  They ‘fill in the gaps,’ so to speak. The way people access news has been changing and evolving ever since newspapers were first being published. We recognized the need to capture news published in another format.  It is reasonable to expect us to continue to connect these kinds of resources to our current and future patrons. Websites tend to be ephemeral and may disappear completely.  Without a designated archive, critical news content may be lost.

In short, my colleagues shared my interest, concern and enthusiasm for starting a larger collection of Internet-only general news sites as a web archiving collection.  I’ll let them explain their thinking further:

When we first got started on the project, we weren’t sure how to proceed.  Once we established clear boundaries on what to include, what types of news sites would be within scope for this collection, our selection process became easier. We asked for help in finding websites from our colleagues. 

We felt it was important to include sites that focus on general news with significant national presence where there are articles that have an author’s voice, such as with HuffingtonPost.com or BuzzFeed.com (even as some of these sites also contain articles that are meant to attract visitors, so-called “click bait).  We wanted to include a variety of sites that represent more cutting edge ways of presenting general news, such as Vox.com and TheVerge, and we felt sites that focus on parody such as TheOnion.com were also important to have represented.  Of course, these sites are not the only sources from which people obtain their news, but we tried to choose a variety that included more trendy or popular sources as well as the conventional or traditional types.  Again, the idea is to assure future users have access to a significant representation of how Americans accessed news at this time using the Internet.

The Library of Congress has an internal process for proposing new web archiving collections.  I worked with Amber, Roslyn and Gary and they submitted a “General News on the Internet” project proposal and it was approved.  Yay!  Then the work began – Amber, Roslyn and Gary describe some of the hurdles:

We understand that archiving video content is a problem. We thought websites like NowThisNews.com could be great candidates but in effect, because they contained so much video and a kind of Tumblr-like portal entry point for news, we had to reject them.  Since we do not do “one hop out” crawling, the linked-to content that is the substantive content (i.e., the news) would be entirely missed.   Also, websites like Vice.com change their content so frequently, it might be impossible to capture all of its content.

In addition, it was decided that sites chosen would not include general news sites associated primarily with other delivery vehicles, such as CNN.com or NYTimes.com.  Many of these types also have paywalls and therefore obviously would create limitations when trying to archive.

We also encountered another type of challenge with Drudgereport.com.  Since it is primarily a news-aggregator with most of the site consisting of links to news on other sites it would be tough to include the many links with the limitations in crawling (again, the “one hop” limitation – we don’t harvest links that are on a different URL).  In the end we decided to proceed in archiving The Drudge Report site since it is well known for the content that is original to that site.

The harvesting for this collection has now been underway for several months; we are examining the results.  We look forward to making an archived version of today’s news as brought to you by the Internet available to Library of Congress patrons for many tomorrows.

What news sites do you think we should collect?

Digital Humanities Universität Leipzig

So you want to become a professor of Greek and/or Latin? Think hard about a PhD in Digital Humanities

So you want to become a professor of Greek and/or Latin? Think hard about a PhD in Digital Humanities
Gregory Crane
(Alexander von Humboldt Professor of Digital Humanities at Universität Leipzig & Professor of Classics and Winnick Family Chair of Technology and Entrepreneurship at Tufts University)
November 2o, 2014

I decided to write this piece because this is the time of year when those who wish to become professional students of Greek and Latin are deciding where they should apply for graduate schools. I am now starting to see that the most interesting Phd projects on Greek and Latin are taking place in PhD programs for the Digital Humanities and I think that anyone who wishes to develop a career of sustained satisfaction needs to think carefully about how they move forward. At the present time, I am not aware of any traditional program in Greek and Latin that prepares students for satisfying and sustainable careers.

This essay falls into three parts. First I suggest some words of caution, including the well-known challenges about actually landing a permanent faculty position, the amount of work that you will need to commit if you want to maximize your chances for success and then, more substantively, something about the actual work that supports faculty Greek and Latin faculty positions in the United States and (much of) Europe. The second section briefly touches upon some fundamental topics that we must resolve if we are to rethink the study of Greek and Latin (as I think we must if we are to survive, or perhaps even flourish): the information that we produce, the knowledge that we internalize, the values that we advance and the basis for the survival of our field. The third section describes some topics that you will probably not find in a standard program for Greek and Latin but that would greatly enhance your ability to develop a sustainable career.

Full text can be accessed here

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Virgil, il robot per le visite nei musei

robot-virgilSi chiama Virgil ed è stato recentemente presentato dalla Direzione per i Beni Culturali e Paesaggistici del Piemonte, l’Associazione Terre Dei Savoia e Telecom Italia presso il Real Castello di Racconigi (CN). E' il primo robot in Italia dedicato ai musei e che permette ai visitatori di fare un tour interattivo e personalizzato nella reggia sabauda.

Lo spazio interattivo DUNE Cube al Primo Weekend Orsiniano di Galatina

weekend-orsinianoTre giornate programmate dalla Città di Galatina, Assessorato alla Cultura, con il contributo della Regione Puglia, Assessorato Mediterraneo, Cultura e Turismo, e la collaborazione del Club UNESCO di Galatina, ricche di appuntamenti per promuovere interesse, studio e ricerca intorno all’unicità della Basilica di Santa Caterina d’Alessandria e del suo ciclo di affreschi.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

New Open Access Journal: ISMAgazine: Periodico di informazione dell’Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (ISMA-CNR)

ISMAgazine: Periodico di informazione dell’Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (ISMA-CNR)
L’Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (ISMA) è nato nel 2013, dalla fusione dell’Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico (ISCIMA) e dell’Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà dell’Egeo e del Vicino Oriente (ICEVO). Svolge ricerche interdisciplinari di carattere storico, archeologico e filologico-epigrafico relative ad una vasta area geografica e ad un ampio arco cronologico: le attività dell’Istituto, infatti, riguardano le civiltà antiche del Vicino Oriente e del bacino del Mediterraneo (Egeo, area etrusco-italica e fenicio-punica, età classica e tardo-antica), coprendo un periodo che va dal IV millennio a.C. fino ai primi secoli della nostra era.
Dal punto di vista metodologico i metodi della ricerca storica sono integrati da archeometria e informatica, con lo scopo di realizzare anche soluzioni innovative avanzate applicabili alle fonti storiche, ai dati archeologici e a quelli epigrafico-linguistici. L’Istituto intrattiene strette collaborazioni con Enti locali, Soprintendenze, Musei ed altre Istituzioni nazionali e con Enti di ricerca e Istituzioni di numerosi Paesi stranieri europei ed extra-europei.
Periodico di informazione dell’Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (ISMA-CNR)Coordinamento: Alessandro NasoRedazione: Lucia Alberti, Vincenzo Bellelli, Marco bonechi, Massimo Botto, Alessandra Caravale, Carla SfameniCuratori: Alessandra Caravale, Marco BonechiProgetto grafico, ricerca iconografica, impaginazione, elaborazioni e trattamento delle immagini:Marcello Bellisario, Laura Attisani

N° 1 – Settembre 2014

Ancient Jew Review

Ancient Jew Review
The Ancient Jew Review is the one stop for all your Ancient Jewish needs. The site regularly produces original content pieces, reviews books, interviews scholars of note on past and future projects, discusses contemporary issues, and creates a community of engaged readers with digital and in person discussion and book groups. The site also curates news and social media discussions relevant to Ancient Judaism. Finally, we provide a space to collaborate and create resources for students and scholars of Ancient Judaism. 


Krista Dalton is a PhD student at Columbia. 
Simcha Gross is a PhD student at Yale. 
Nathan Schumer is a PhD Candidate at Columbia.

Open Access Journal: Studii de Preistorie

[First posted in AWOL 7 July 2010, updated 19 November 2014]

Studii de Preistorie
Studii de Preistorie Supplementum

Publicaţii ARA
Colegiu de redacţie

Studii de Preistorie 1

Studii de Preistorie 2

Studii de Preistorie 3

Studii de preistorie 4/2007

Studii de preistorie 5/2008

Studii de preistorie 6/2009

Studii de preistorie 7/2010
  • Douglass W. BAILEY- Interview with Bjørnar Olsen (University of Tromsø)
  • Leonid CĂRPUŞ - Patocenoze şi paleomediu în zona vest pontică, din preistorie până în antichitate
  • Piotr JACOBSSON, Adina BORONEANŢ - Set in clay: altars in place at Cuina Turcului, Iron Gates Gorge
  • Valentina VOINEA - Un nou simbol Hamangia
  • Cornelia CĂRPUŞ, Leonid CĂRPUŞ - Analiza microscopică privind idolii Hamangia descoperiţi în zona Cheile Dobrogei–Târguşor
  • Sabin POPOVICI - O piesă inedită descoperită la Hotărani La turn, jud. Olt
  • Evgenia NAYDENOVA - Actual research status of the Chalcolithic cultures Polyanitsa and Boian
  • Radian ANDREESCU, Katia MOLDOVEANU, Carmen BEM - The Eneolithic settlements from Gumelniţa, Sultana and Căscioarele. An environment analysis
  • Albane BURENS, Sorin AILINCĂI, Cristian MICU, Laurent CAROZZA, Elena LĂZURCĂ - Premières observations sur les techniques de façonnage et de finition de la céramique chalcolithique Gumelniţa A2 du site de Carcaliu (Dobroudja, Roumanie)
  • Cristian Eduard ŞTEFAN - New data concerning the representation of human foot in the Gumelniţa culture
  • Stoilka TERZIJSKA-IGNATOVA - A new type of Late Chalcolithic zoomorphic cult tables
  • Dimitar CHERNAKOV - Some observations about the discovered human skeletons at Rousse tell
  • Lolita NIKOLOVA - Towards prehistoric wellness in Eurasia: clay and health
  • Sorin Cristian AILINCĂI, Florian MIHAIL - Psalii din corn descoperite în aşezări ale culturii Babadag din nordul Dobrogei

  • Alexandru DRAGOMAN, Gabriel DRAGOMIR - A few thoughts inspired by a book
  • Cătălin LAZĂR - The Second Cemetery from Sultana-Malu Roşu? Some hypothetical considerations


  • Suciu Cosmin Ioan, Cultura Vinča în Transilvania, Bibliotheca Brukenthal, XLIV, Editura Altip, Alba-Iulia, 2009, ISBN 978-117-250-7, 304 pagini, 352 figuri (Mădălina VOICU)
  • Mihai Gligor, Aşezarea neolitică şi eneolitică de la Alba Iulia-Lumea Nouă în lumina noilor cercetări, Cluj-Napoca, Ed. Mega, 2009, ISBN 978-606-543-045-7, 482 pagini, 217 planşe (Vasile OPRIŞ)

Prezentarea volumului

Supplementum 1

Supplementum 2

Supplementum 3

November 19, 2014

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Compact Memory Judaica Periodicals Online

[First posted in AWOL 11 April 2012, updated 19 November 2014]

Compact Memory
The collection contains 110 most important Jewish German newspapers and periodicals in Central Europe in the period from 1806-1938 and is one of the most important historic resources for Jewish Studies in modern times. The periodicals cover the complete range of religious, political, social, cultural and academic aspects of Jewish life. 

The database contains ca. 700.000 pages as images, some periodicals have been processed by OCR, others have been indexed thoroughly. The database offers advanced search options, downloading and printing of articles.

The database was sponsored by the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the years of 2000-2006. Partners of the project were the Judaica Division of the University Library Frankfurt am Main, Prof. em. Dr. Hans Otto Horch, former Professor at the Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Europäisch-Jüdische Literatur- und Kulturgeschichte at the RWTH Aachen University and the Germania Judaica, Cologne.

While Compact Memory is not specifically focused on Antiquity, it does include several pertinent journals:  Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums;  Zeitschrift für die religiösen Interessen des Judenthums;  Zeitschrift für die Wissenschaft des Judentums; Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift für jüdische Theologie;  Magazin für die Wissenschaft des Judentums. Click through above for the list of All Titles,
All Titles All Titles

From Stone to Screen

Changing Horses Midstream: Dealing with Software Upgrades

I started photographing our squeezes at Digital Initiatives in May. For 10 – 15 hours a week between May and September, I got in a very comfortable routine; headphones in, lay squeeze down as crease-free as possible, and set the CaptureShop software to take a series of three bracketed photos.…

Continue reading

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Tracking a Record Run Throughout the Season

By John Hancock, Erika Owens

Tracking a Record Run Throughout the Season

Every week, readers can check on the status of Dallas Cowboys running back Demarco Murray's progress on breaking a single-season rushing record. (Photo: Dallas Morning News website)

John Hancock, interactive storytelling editor at the Dallas Morning News told Source about the planning and development of an interactive to track the progress of Dallas Cowboys running back DeMarco Murray on breaking a record this season.

Beginning the Project

Q. How did the idea for this project come about? Could you also describe the significance of this record?

John Hancock: Cowboys running back DeMarco Murray was off to a hot start, and as a result, the Cowboys were 5-1 and doing vastly better than what was predicted for them before the season started.

When I first had the idea to do something on Murray and began working on the project, he had rushed for more than 100 yards in each of his first six games, tying what was then an NFL record of most 100 yard rushing games to start a season. Some quick math showed that, while at the time Murray wasn't on pace to break the single-season rushing record, he was close. In addition to that, the Cowboys had shown they were committed to making Murray the focal point of their offense, and thus, it was conceivable that he would have a chance to keep putting up good numbers throughout the season as long as he stayed healthy. Given that, Murray would have a chance at the record that's been held by Eric Dickerson (2,105 yards), for 30 years.

Q. Who was part of the team that created this interactive? Did it follow a similar process to other interactives or was this a new approach?

The team that worked on this consisted of Damon Marx, Assistant Sports Editor and Cowboys assigning editor, Todd Davis, Sports web editor, Jon McClure, News Application Specialists, Troy Oxford, Interactive Graphics Editor and myself.

For many of the projects my team handles, an assigning editor will approach me about a story their team is working on, and we'll go from there. However, this project worked a little in reverse. I used to do design and layout for our print Sports section before moving into my current position, and I'm always looking for things we can do graphically and interactively with the numbers and stats that make up the sports we cover.

After I had the initial idea, I approached Damon and Todd, who helped me flesh out a couple of the statistics we wanted to track. Jon, who does a lot of work on our data projects, helped me work through some of the Javascript mechanics that drive the project. Troy offered guidance on some of the techniques used in the art creation.

Designing the Experience

Q. Was there anything you had to create technically, a new library or framework?

I wouldn't go so far to call anything we did for this project a new library or framework. The foundation of the project uses our in-house interactives template, which is a collection of code blocks and styles that help us quickly put together special digital presentations. The scripting that drives the project isn't anything terribly fancy or complex and is tailored fairly specifically to this project, but with a little re-working could be reused for similar projects.

Q. What powers the stats trackers? How are those updated? How did you decide which stats to feature and how to display them?

The stat trackers are powered by a Google spreadsheet that provides a JSON feed to the project. Almost all the numbers involved in the project are already known variables except for Murray's future statistics, so all 16 weeks of data is provided for each player except Murray. To limit our data to just the weeks that have already happened this season, we insert a blank row after the latest week, which ends the JSON feed. Each week, once the Cowboys game is over, the blank row is removed, Murray's numbers for that week are entered, and a blank row is inserted before the next week's data.

Designing the experience

The tracking spreadsheet for Murray, and existing record holders.

In addition to tracking current and projected yardage, which are essential to the purpose of the project, we also wanted to track number of carries, yards, and touchdowns week-to-week. The number of carries was important because, in addition to being close to the pace for the single-season rushing record, Murray is also on pace to have one of the highest number of carries in a single season. Weekly yardage totals were interesting as well, since Murray was having a fairly consistent, even season, week-to-week. If you look at the other five players, you'll notice that each of them experienced a peak and valley at some point in the season that Murray hadn't thus far.

Q. How have readers been interacting with the piece so for, do you see people coming back week after week to see if the status changes?

The piece has only been live for about three weeks thus far, and over that time, about 12% of the traffic it has seen has been repeat visitors. It's seen some traffic on social media channels, and part of the concept of the project itself (the average yards needed to remain on pace and the answer to the initial question) are designed to be quick reference material for users returning week-to-week.

Q. I really enjoyed the combination of the charts with the striking photos. Have you found that readers have different expectations for sports interactives than for other types of projects? Did you have particular needs of that audience in mind as you were designing this?

I don't think that the readers are expecting something different visually from sports interactives versus other types of projects. Instead, I think readers of our digital projects are expecting dynamic and high-quality visual elements regardless of subject matter, especially as higher and higher resolution screens become available. However, sports fans, and especially Cowboys fans, are generally more passionate about the team and players themselves, which is why we chose the color/black-and-white treatment to make Murray the sole focal point of the project.

We did want to insure that this project (along with all of our interactive projects) was just as accessible on mobile devices as it would be on the desktop, so we used the Picturefill.js library to serve responsive images based on screen size and resolution.

Q. Is there anything you would do differently next time? Any lessons you would share with teams working on other similar projects?

This is probably already common practice for teams working on these projects, but I stress that it's important to involve others outside the development/design team. People who are closely tied to the content can and will often offer important suggestions on how or what should be presented that a designer or developer may not think of and that would give the project greater context.

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Magna Carta Ballot: A Huge Thank You

We'd like to thank everyone who entered our recent ballot to see the four original 1215 Magna Carta manuscripts, when they are brought together next February for the first time in 800 years. We were overwhelmed by the response: just under 45,000 people entered online, and we received in addition...

Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

A Dozen Ways to Make a Mummy

Tomorrow's lecture in bioarchaeology has twelve case studies of mummies from around the world.  Inspired by that (and by my constant foot-dragging when it comes time to write lectures), I give you A Dozen Ways to Make a Mummy, to the tune of Paul Simon's 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover.  (Apologies in advance to Mr. Simon, whose work I can't get enough of, even when random people sing Cecilia upon meeting my kid.)

A Dozen Ways to Make a Mummy

The problem is that a body tends to decompose.
The answer is clearer if you take time to repose.
I'd like to help you with this song I have composed.
There must be... a dozen ways to make a mummy.

Stick a hook up the nose, Mose.
Break the ethmoid, Floyd.
No need to be coy, Roy, just suck those brains free!
Take out the heart, Bart.
Get some canopic jars, Lars.
Pile on the nat-Ron, just listen to me.

You say, "I know about the ancient Egyptians.
But tell me more, please, without going into conniptions.
I'd like to hear you give some more descriptions
about the dozen ways to make a mummy."

Well, you can soak it in salt, Walt.
Spray it with tar, Edgar.
Float it in honey, Lee, like a Roman sweet.
Sink it in a bog, Dawg, to preserve that meat.

You say, "Why don't we both just think of this some more
for I believe that if we try, we can make a Mummy Corps
full of people who think that this gore of yore's no snore.
There's more than... a dozen ways to make a mummy.
More than a dozen ways to make a mummy."

With many thanks to everyone who contributed to my Facebook and Twitter threads, including: Phoebe Acheson (@classicslib), Alison Atkin (@alisonatkin), Katie Biitner (@kbiitner), Lindsay Bloch,  Lynne Goldstein (@lynnegoldstein), Bethany Nowviskie (@nowviskie), Joy Reeber, Laura Wagner (@TiLauraRose), and Erika Zimmermann Damer.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Master in ARCHaeological MATerials science, aperte le iscrizioni


E' aperta la call for applications per participare alla terza edizione del Master in ARCHaeological MATerials science (ARCHMAT 2015-2017), la scadenza è aperta fino al 31 gennaio 2015.
ARCHMAT è il primo Master "Erasmus Mundus" nel campo dell'Archeometria e consiste in due anni di EMMC (120 ECTS) nell'ambito di un consorzio comprendente le università di Evora, Roma Sapienza, Salonicco come partner a pieno titolo, Avignone, Palermo, Zaragoza, Fez e Rio de Janeiro, e tre centri di ricerca (Laboratorio Jose Figueiredo/Instituto dos Museus e da Conservacao-IMC, Laboratorio Scientifico Musei Vaticani, Museo Archeologico di Aiani) in qualità di membri associati, che daranno agli studenti le competenze specialistiche in archeologia e caratterizzazione analitica dei materiali dalla preistoria (megalitica) all'epoca classica (greca e romana).

Stefano Costa (There's More Than Just Potsherds Out There)

Archaeology in the Mediterranean: I don’t wanna drown in cold water

This post is the second half of the one I had prepared for this year’s Day of Archaeology (Archaeology in the Mediterranean: do not drown if you can). For an appropriately timed mistake, I only managed to post the first, more relaxed half of the text. Enjoy this rant.

Written and unwritten rules dictate what is correct, acceptable and ultimately recognised by your peers: it is never entirely clear who sets research agendas for entire disciplines, but ‒ just to be more specific ‒ I feel increasingly stifled by the “trade networks” research framework that has dominated Late Roman pottery studies for the past 40 years now. Invariably, at any dig site, there will be from 1 to 100,000 potsherds from which we should infer that said site was part of the Mediterranean trade network. We are all experts about our “own” material, that is, the finds that we study, and apart from a few genuine gurus most of us have a hard time recognising where one pot was made, what is the exact chronology of one amphora, and so on. But those gurus, as leaders, contribute to setting in stone what should be a temporary convention as to what terminology, chronology and to a larger extent what approach is appropriate. I can hear the drums of impostor syndrome rolling in the back.

I don’t want to drown in this sea of small ceramic sherds and imaginary trade networks, rather I really need to spend time understanding why those broken cooking pots ended up exactly where we found them, in a certain room used by a limited number of people, in that stratigraphical position.

At the same time, I’m depressingly frustrated by how mechanical and repetitive the identification of ceramic finds can be: look at shape, compare with known corpora, look at fabric, compare with more or less known corpora. If any, look at decoration, lather, rinse, repeat. My other self, the one writing open source computer programs, wonders if all of this could not be done by a mildly intelligent algorithm, liberating thousands of human neurons for more creative research. But this is heresy. We collectively do our research and dissemination as we are told, with sometimes ridiculously detailed guidelines for the preparation of digital illustrations that end up printed either on paper or on PDF (which is the same thing). Our collective knowledge is the result of a lot of work that we need to respect, acknowledge, study and pass on to the next generation.

At the end of the obligations telling you how to study your material, how to publish it, and ultimately how to think about it, you could just be happy and let yourself comfortably drown into the next grant application. Don’t do that. Do more. Follow your crazy idea and sail the winds of Mediterranean archaeology.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Three New Novels

The State Board of Higher Education, emboldened by the failure of North Dakota Ballot Measure 3, issued a proclamation that no faculty members outside of the English, language or literature programs can read novels, and people in those programs can only read novels directed toward (1) research, (2) classroom activities, or (3) other professional development. Ostensibly, this policy stems from the “pernicious advance of modernism in our universities, communities, and state” but many faculty think it is simply designed to focus our attention on academic pursuits.

Needless to say, this new policy will crimp my summer reading list which I sometimes pepper with so-called “fiction.” It will also make long intercontinental and cross-country flights less pleasant. Since it does not come into effect until January 1 and I had a few flights over the last month or so, I decided to take advantage of my last remaining months of free reading.

Here are three novels:

1. William Gibson, The Peripheral (2014). The novel is set in the both the near future (say 20 years from now) and the slightly more distant future (say 100 years from now) and starts with a description of an 1970s Airstream RV winterized with some kind of spray foam. The setting for much of the action in the more distant future is a tricked out Mercedes RV designed for long range trekking across the Gobi desert. The plot is fast-paced, baffling, and interesting enough, but the real power of Gibson’s books comes from his sensitivity toward future trends ranging from the rise of the internet to virtual reality. Anyone who does not see a future where we live in mobile housing has not been reading my blog very carefully. 

2. Jeff VanderMeer’s Southern Reach Trilogy (2014). VenderMeer’s novels present a darker, even more distopian vision of the near future. The trilogy of Annihilation, Authority, and Acceptance focus on a group of bureaucrats, scientists, and intelligence officials who the vaguely articulated “Central” has tasked with studying a mysterious Area X which suddenly appeared along a stretch of the Forgotten Coast. When the phenomenon that created Area X occurred, the sparse population of this stretch of coastline vanished and a barrier arose between the area and its surroundings. Southern Reach is the government agency investigating Area X, and while the descriptions of the mysterious area tend toward the etherial, they are unmistakably archaeological in character. The desolate beauty of abandonment permeates the novel and provides VenderMeer with an appropriate backdrop to explore the alienating effects of modern society. 

3 Julia Schumacher, Dear Committee Members (2014). This lovely, short novel explores a year in the life of Prof. Jason Fitger through his letters of recommendation. It chronicles his relationships with his ex-wife and ex-girl friend, his desperate efforts on behalf of a once promising friend and a student whose funding is cut by an increasingly rapacious administration, and his various letters to support students looking for work. The letter themselves range from the pathetic, to the charming, hilarious, and all-to-real, but they all embody the tension between Fitger as the devoted egoist and as the dedicated mentor, colleague, and friend. His letters become opportunities to reflect on his own situation in life as well as those of the students and colleagues who he recommends. The situations will be depressingly familiar to anyone who has spent time in academia: the grass is always greener (in another department), the plight of the overlooked genius, the anxiety surrounding creative and scholarly production, and the alternation between naivety and suspicion.

One more set of flights starting this afternoon and then I’ll be home for the holidays. I don’t have any more novels to read, so I’ll have to do work. Hopefully spending some time with creative folks like Gibson, VanderMeer, and Schumacher rubs off and makes me work better. Isn’t that the promise of modernity? 

Katy Meyers (Bones Don't Lie)

Comparing Text with Human Remains in Ancient Egypt

Text is an interesting type of artifact. Early historic and archaeological studies often took text as the truth about the past. It was accepted that we could read a passage […]

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Scanner a terahertz a base di grafene per lo studio non invasivo di opere d'arte

INSIDDE 3DUn gruppo di ricercatori europei sta sviluppando uno scanner basato su grafene che consentirà di conoscere aspetti finora sconosciuti di opere d'arte e altri manufatti storici. La strumentazione consentirà la visione di immagini nascoste nelle tele e di svelare ciò che è nascosto dentro oggetti tridimensionali sigillati secoli fa.

Prima Conferenza Utenti Leica su acquisizione ed elaborazione dati con Laser Scanner 3D

leica-laser-scannerLeica Geosystems è lieta di annunciare la Prima Conferenza Utenti Leica HDS. Una giornata in cui i clienti Leica saranno i protagonisti, dove ognuno avrà la possibilità di condividere le esperienze. La Conferenza si svolgerà a Roma il 27 novembre 2014.

Gabriel Bodard, et al. (Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies)

State of the Snap-Nation

With the end of the pilot project scarily in sight it is time to review where we are and where we hope to be by the end of December.

The big news is that (hopefully) the first set of SNAP identifiers are now frozen!

What this means is that for the first 5 datasets have now been ingested and had SNAP identifiers linked to each of the persons and those identifiers are fixed. There may still be a few tweaks to the RDF descriptive data coming in from the projects but the identifiers will remain the same.

We had been experimenting with starting the idetifiers at 100001 to add a little bit of consistency with number length but after doing that for a while during the testing stage we decided that it wasn’t worth doing and we would just keep things simple and start at 1.

Currently the following datasets have been ingested:

Project Snap Identifier Range
PIR 1 – 10924
TM 10925 – 367917
LGPN 367918 – 671019
British Museum (Selection) 671020 – 671972
VIAF (Selection) 671973 – 673753


One big change over the summer was the move from Sesame to 4Store. We started off using Sesame because that was the standard triplestore for projects at DDH in King’s and therefore the easiest to set up and support on our servers. Whether we did something wrong in setup or the tens of millions of triples more than we usual deal with, Sesame didn’t prove to be robust enough to deal with even the founding datasets in a timely enough fashion. After some wrangling (next time we get VM upgraded to the version that has a package ready built for it) we installed 4Store and so far it has stood up to everything that we have thrown at it without any noticeable loss in performance. While not wanting to go as far as saying it bodes well, it definitely doesn’t fill me with a nameless dread at the thought of more people than me accessing the data.

Moving on from the data itself to displaying it in a easy to read form – person website itself is solidifying slowly (even if it isn’t the fanciest cupcake on the shelf). In this we must thank Davide Bellini who is interning with us. Although he was supposed to be working on another project, we lured him away with promises (or possibly threats) of learning python, django and the opportunity of looking into the abyss which is SPARQL. Having successfully made his first mark on the Person Profile pages he is now working on the script to somewhat automate the record merging procedure and continuing to upgrade the profile page displays . Between the two of us we hope to have the Person profile page filled out and the first merged records ingested by Christmas (I will leave the question of which Christmas to the reader’s imagination).

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

The Harley Psalter: Devils in the Details

Miniature illustrating Psalm 103 (Vulgate numbering): The creations of the Lord: valleys and mountains (left) with springs where beasts and birds are drinking, a man ploughing with oxen, a sea with ships on it and beasts in the water (centre); lions and other beasts among the rocks (right), from the...

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Concluso il rilievo 3D del Battistero di San Giovanni a Firenze


In occasione del Convegno dal titolo "Il Battistero di San Giovanni a Firenze. Conoscenza, Diagnostica, Conservazione", organizzato dall'Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore con l'intento di promuovere una conoscenza più approfondita e organizzata dell'importante monumento verranno presentati i risultati di una serie di ricerche ad ampio raggio e una campagna diagnostica promosse dall'Opera stessa, tra cui il primo rilievo sistematico del Battistero, a cura del Laboratorio GeCo dell'Università di Firenze, diretto dalla Prof. Grazia Tucci. Grazie alla acquisizioni con sistemi a scansione 3D sono stati realizzati elaborati bidimensionali e modelli 3D utili all'interpretazione di aspetti costruttivi, tecnologici e legati alla conservazione della fabbrica.

Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

OS X Yosemite: Update Fixes Japanese Input Issue

The official release notes for the OS X 10.10.1 update include: +Addresses an issue that might prevent entering text in Japanese I'm not sure sure exactly what that issue was, there have been various reports of Japanese problems in the ASC.  If someone finds out, let me know.

November 18, 2014

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: ACOR Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 12 November 2009. Updated 18 November  2014]

ACOR Newsletter
ACOR's first newsletter was issued in November, 1989 by Dr. Bert de Vries, who served as Director of ACOR between 1988-1991. The goal of the newsletter remains to keep friends and alumni informed of major developments and events at the institute. ACOR's newsletter is published twice a year. Below is the complete set of newsletters.

 2014 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 26.1
 2013 Winter ACOR Newsletter Vol. 25.2
 2013 Summer ACOR Newsletter Vol. 25.1
 2012 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 24.2
 2012 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 24.1
 2011 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 23.2
 2011 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 23.1
 2010 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 22.2
 2010 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 22.1
2009 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 21.2
2009 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 21.1
2008 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 20.2
2008 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 20.1
2007 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 19.2
2007 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 19.1
2006 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 18.2
2006 Summer ACOR Newsletter Vol. 18.1
2005 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 17.2
2005 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 17.1
2004 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 16.2
2004 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 16.1
2003 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 15.2
2003 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 15.1
2002 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 14.2
2002 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 14.1
2001 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 13.2
2001 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 13.1
2000 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 12.2
2000 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 12.1
1999 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 11.2
1999 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 11.1
1998 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 10.2
1998 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 10.1
1997 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 9.2
1997 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 9.1
1996 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 8.2
1996 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 8.1
1995 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 7.2
1995 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 7.1
1994 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 6.2
1994 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 6.1
1993 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 5.2
1993 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 5.1
1992 WinterACOR Newsletter Vol. 4.2
1992 SummerACOR Newsletter Vol. 4.1
1991 NovemberACOR Newsletter No. 5
1991 MayACOR Newsletter No. 4
1990 NovemberACOR Newsletter No. 3
1990 MayACOR Newsletter No. 2
1989 NovemberACOR Newsletter No. 1

Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Ritual

CMAwRo: Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals
CMAwRo presents online critical editions of Mesopotamian rituals and incantations against witchcraft. The text editions and translations are derived from the Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals (CMAwR; vol. 1, Brill: 2011).

The DFG-funded research project "Corpus babylonischer Rituale und Beschwörungen gegen Schadenzauber: Edition, lexikalische Erschließung, historische und literarische Analyse" is directed by Daniel Schwemer (University of Würzburg).
You can view the project's content here.
An explanatory website on Mesopotamian witchcraft and magic can be found on http://www.cmawro.altorientalistik.uni-wuerzburg.de/.
Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Ritual is a component of

Open Access Journal: TAARII Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 10/25/09.  Updated 18 November 2014]

TAARII Newsletter: The American Academic Research Institute in Iraq
The American Academic Research Institute in Iraq (TAARII — formerly the American Association for Research in Baghdad, AARB) has been established to promote scholarly research on and in Iraq and ancient Mesopotamia. The Institute, a consortium of American universities and museums, intends to establish a multidisciplinary American scholarly research center in Iraq when conditions permit. TAARII raises funds for graduate and post-graduate fellowships for Americans to work on Iraq in as broad a range of disciplines as possible. It also has a fellowship program for Iraqi academics to aid them in carrying out research in Iraq. TAARII initiates its own research projects and fosters joint projects between American and Iraqi academics. Like similar American overseas research centers, TAARII has as its primary focus the humanities and social sciences, as well as closely related natural sciences, but it will facilitate outstanding research in any legitimate academic field.
As readers may by aware, TAARII is committed to producing and printing a bilingual newsletter in English and in Arabic. Our September 2007 issue, sadly, was printed primarily in English (with Arabic to appear on the website). We regret that, beginning with the Spring 2008 issue, our newsletter is in printed in English only. We hope to seek funds for its Arabic translation for posting on our website and are actively seeking support for the ongoing cost of translation, so that we can continue printing a bilingual edition. We appreciate your patience and understanding as we raise the necessary funds.
Issue No. 8-2 Fall 2013
Issue No. 8-1 Spring 2013
Issue No. 7-2 Fall 2012
Issue No. 7-1 Spring 2012
Issue No. 6-2 Fall 2011
Issue No. 6-1 Spring 2011
Issue No. 5-2 Fall 2010
Issue No. 5-1 Spring 2010
Issue No. 4-2 Fall 2009
Issue No. 4-1 Spring 2009
Issue No. 3-2 Fall 2008
Issue No. 3-1 Spring 2008
Issue No. 2-2 Fall 2007 (English and Arabic)
Issue No. 2-1 Spring 2007 (Enlgish and Arabic)
Issue No. 1-2 Fall 2006 (English)
Issue No. 1-2 Fall 2006 (Arabic)
Issue No. 1-1 Spring 2006

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Stealing the NPR App Template for Fun and (Non-)Profit

By Kaeti Hinck, Denise Malan, Ryan Nagle, Adam Schweigert

Stealing the NPR App Template for Fun and (Non-)Profit

This month, just in time for the election, our team at the Investigative News Network (INN) launched Power Players—a state-by-state exploration of campaign finance and top political donors across the country. The project is a collaboration between thirteen INN member organizations who did their own reporting and analysis of the data we provided to them. To support this reporting, our team built a national app with easy to embed components.

As this was one of the first editorial projects we built as a team, we decided to start things off on a solid foundation by creating an app template—something that contains a library of components we might want to reuse for future projects and allows us to create those projects more easily.

Fortunately for us, NPR’s Visuals team has generously open sourced their app template, which we used as the foundation for our own. We shamelessly stole NPR’s code and set up an INN-specific template by following the steps outlined in Tyler Fisher’s excellent post “How to Setup the NPR App Template for You and Your News Org.”

It was a (mostly) painless experience but we learned some things along the way and wanted to share our experience to help others who might tackle this process in the future.

Why Use NPR’s App Template?

For one, we didn’t want to build our own toolkit for deploying news apps from the ground up.

When someone (or some team) builds and open sources a tool that addresses a problem you’re facing, using it will almost certainly save you time, money, blood, sweat, tears and heartbreak. Do yourself a favor and try really hard to seek out and use stuff that other smart people have already built.

The other motivating factor was that we’ve never had the chance to use NPR’s app template and a number of us have been curious. Being that this was INN’s first news app and we had a short amount of time to get something up and running, we thought this might make the perfect opportunity to take it for a test drive.

Setting Up the Template for INN

Tyler acknowledges in his post that the process “seems like a lot.” But we discovered it’s just a matter of knowing where to find all the NPR bits so you can make the template your own.

In fact, it took just seven commits to completely scrub NPR specific stuff from the app template.

For your reference, here is our fork of the NPR app template and the code for the Power Players app itself.

Building with the Template

Our project concept was relatively simple. There are a total of five views and their corresponding templates.

They consist of:

One of the goals for us was to create a resource that any of our member organizations could use to bolster their coverage of the elections—either by hosting information for an entire state, or including individual power player cards in articles covering campaign finance and the election.

a power player card

An embeddable power player card

Thus the embeddable versions of the state and power player pages. These are essentially the same as the normal templates, with a simple full-width layout and simplified INN branding (a credit link at the bottom of each embed).

The Kentucky Center for Investigative Reporting is one INN member making great use of the app.

The entire project is responsive (thanks to pym.js, yet another NPR project), made to look great no matter what size container the embeddable elements get placed in.

Snags and Snafus

In working with the NPR app template, we encountered some things that aren’t well documented (yet).

CSS and JS Pseudo-Tags

Tyler covers this briefly in another blog post on the app template.

What wasn’t clear at first was how the JS and CSS pseudo-tags interact across templates.

I ran into a problem where, in separate templates, I “pushed” or queued different sets of javascript files to be rendered. In both templates, I was passing the same file name to the render function, which resulted in the second file overwriting the first when deploying.

Here’s what NOT to do:

 {# Template file no. 1 #}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/jquery.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/underscore.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/bootstrap.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/template_1.js') }}
 {{ JS.render(**'js/app-footer.min.js**') }}
 {# Template file no. 2 #}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/jquery.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/bootstrap.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/template_2.js') }}
 {{ JS.render('**js/app-footer.min.js'**) }}

Once you realize that JS.render outputs a file, the contents of which are determined by preceding calls to JS.push, you realize that having different calls to JS.push before rendering to the same file just won’t work.

In this case, if template 2 is rendered after template 1, “js/app-footer.min.js” will be missing “underscore.js,” potentially breaking functionality in template 1.

Do this instead:

 {# Template file no. 1 #}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/jquery.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/underscore.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/bootstrap.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/template_1.js') }}
 {{ JS.render(**'js/app-footer-1.min.js'**) }}
 {# Template file no. 2 #}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/jquery.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/bootstrap.js') }}
 {{ JS.push('js/lib/template_2.js') }}
 {{ JS.render(**'js/app-footer-2.min.js**') }}

By making the filename passed to JS.render unique to each template, we can be sure we’re not clobbering any JavaScript files.

Flask’s url_for Function and Your Project’s Path Prefix

Another issue we encountered was that the app template, using Flask’s default url_for function, doesn’t take into consideration your project’s path. That is, when you deploy your app to S3, it is meant to live at something like http://apps.yourdomainname.org/project-slug/ whereas the development server uses something like http://localhost:8000/ without the project slug.

For example:

<a href="{{ url_for(‘some_view’) }}”>Hey, a link to a page</a>

Renders as:

<a href="/some-view/”>Hey, a link to a page</a>

What we want is an URL that includes the project slug:

<a href="/project-slug/some-view/”>Hey, a link to a page</a>

To remedy this, we created an app_template_url_for function to replace Flask’s standard url_for. The app_template_url_for figures out the current target environment (i.e. development, staging or production) and inserts the project slug as necessary.

View the source code here and here.

Another change we made to INN’s version of the app template is modifying the Flask app’s static_folder:

app = Flask(__name__, static_folder='www/assets')

View this change in context here.

What this does is allow you to use url_for to build urls for static assets kept in www/assets.

<link rel="shortcut icon" href="{{ url_for(‘static’, filename='icons/favicon.ico') }}" />

This provides the flexibility to include assets outside of the CSS and JS pseudo-tag framework if you find yourself with the need or desire to do so.

In Conclusion

We learned a lot in the process of building our first app, both about the NPR app template and also what it takes to manage a complex project working with so many partner organizations.

Will we use our fork of the NPR app template for everything? Probably not. We’ll continue to experiment and try out different things before settling on our default set of tools and templates. For projects where it’s a good fit or where we need to deploy something quick and easy, we definitely plan to use it as a solid starting point in building future apps.

Since this is our first app and we’re still learning, we’d love to hear your thoughts and feedback. You can find our team on Twitter @INNnerds or send us email at nerds@investigativenewsnetwork.org.

Perseus Digital Library Updates

Samuel H. Kress Foundation grant awarded to Perseids for the Digital Milliet

The Perseids team is delighted to announce a grant from the Samuel H. Kress Foundation (http://www.kressfoundation.org/) for the Digital Milliet. The Samuel H. Kress Foundation devotes its resources to advancing the history, conservation, and enjoyment of the vast heritage of European art, architecture, and archaeology from antiquity to the early 19th century. We are grateful for the Foundation’s support as we begin our work on this exciting project.

Digital Humanities Questions & Answers » Recent Topics

rubyperlmutter@gmail.com on "Experience with Lexos or Text Mining Software?"


I'm trying to use Lexos (http://lexos.wheatoncollege.edu/upload), and the text of the files I upload keep getting scrambled. I've tried several of the accepted formats as well as creating new files with no luck. Any ideas about what the problem could be?

Or, any recommendations for free and easy to use text-mining tools?

Thank you,

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ASOR Resources online

In preparation for this week's 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research I have pulled together this short list of open access materials from ASOR:
Are there more?

All of the journals of the American School of Oriental Research, under past and present names, are accessible at JSTOR.  Early volumes, for which copyright has expired, are available in open access:

The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research  

The Annual of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem    

Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem  
  • No. 3, Apr., 1921, pp. 1-6 Free Content
  • No. 2, Feb., 1920, pp. 1-10 Free Content
  • No. 1, Dec., 1919, pp. 1-5 Free Content

Use #asor14 on Twitter

Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum Old Kingdom Volumes Online

[First posted in AWOL 18 July 2012, updated 18 November 2014]

Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum: Lose-Blatt-Katalog Ägyptischer Altertümer
Old Kingdom Volumes Courtesy of
The Giza Digital Library

TitleRelated PeopleDate of Publication
Hölzl, Regina. Reliefs und Inschriftensteine des Alten Reiches I. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 18. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1999. Regina Hölzl1999
Hölzl, Regina. Reliefs und Inschriftensteine des Alten Reiches 2.Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 21. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 2001. Regina Hölzl2001
Jaroš-Deckert, Brigitte. Statuen des Alten Reiches. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Ägyptisch-Orientalische Sammlung, Lieferung 15. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1993. Brigitte Jaroš-Deckert1993
Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches. Teil 1. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 3. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1978. Karl Martin1978
Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches. Teil 2. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 7. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1979. Karl Martin1979
Martin, Karl. Reliefs des Alten Reiches und verwandte Denkmäler. Teil 3. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 8. Mit Beiträgen von Peter Kaplony. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1980. Karl Martin1980
Martin-Pardey, Eva. Plastik des Alten Reiches . Teil 1. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 1. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1977. Eva Martin-Pardey1977
Martin-Pardey, Eva. Plastik des Alten Reiches . Teil 2. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 4. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1978. Eva Martin-Pardey1978
Martin-Pardey, Eva. Eingeweidegefässe. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 5. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1979. Eva Martin-Pardey1979
Martin-Pardey, Eva. Grabbeigaben, Nachträge und Ergänzungen. Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum. Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim, Lieferung 6. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1991. Eva Martin-Pardey1991