Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

May 04, 2015

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Books and Libraries

Over the last month or so, the fate and future of the Mighty Chester Fritz Library has been the topic of much discussion on the beautiful campus of the University of North Dakota. 

One of the great things about having a relatively long running blog is that I have some ready-made made content from the archive about libraries. You can read my thoughts here, and a response here, and my response to that response here.

IMG 3132

If you’re in North Dakota, I would also urge you to check out Micah Bloom’s exhibit titled Codex at the North Dakota Museum of Art (and more here). Without giving too much away, the exhibit is a collection of books collected after the Souris River flood that ravaged Minot, North Dakota in 2011. Bloom has arranged with archaeological precision. The exhibit calls on us to question the nature of books as objects by looking at them in a range of contexts from a clinical lab-like installation to a book cemetery. The answers that the exhibit provides are not neat and tidy, but range from the sentimental absurdity of the book cemetery to overly detached and clinical space of the laboratory. The death of books is strangely moving, but also reassuring. The disappearance of the codex, like the scroll before it, will not mark the end of civilization.

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Don’t get me wrong, I love books. In fact, I love books enough to have spent most of my adult life reading them, writing them, and most recently publishing them. At the same time, I can relate to Bloom’s ambivalence toward books as objects. As we barrel through the so-called “Digital Age,” people have begun to see books as endangered objects and begun to venerate them not only as a convenient form for the transmission of knowledge, but as sacred objects whose very physicality (touch, smell, and even sound) infuses them special authority. 

IMG 3128

Some of the ideas explored in Bloom’s exhibit parallel those that Richard Rothaus and I discussed in our podcast last month in the context of looting and destruction of antiquities in Syria. The sight of destroyed antiquities rouses even the most clinical archaeologist from their well-ordered laboratory and forces them to engage with objects on an emotional level.

The conversation about the future of the library has caused a similar kind of emotional response from faculty, students, and the administration. Our library, like the books destroyed by the Souris River flood, is an ambivalent place. It is not strong enough (in the humanities at least) to be a research library, but is too large and too traditional to be seen as simply an undergraduate library. Moreover, the library is dated. It has the stuffiness of a traditional research library and lacks the amenities common to most campus main libraries. We don’t have a coffee shop, climbing wall, many group study spaces, or the laid back environment that has transformed libraries into the new student union. Our library wants desperately to be a serious place set apart from the frivolous needs of the ephemeral undergraduate student, but this seriousness is a front largely designed to encourage students, faculty, and visitors to take knowledge seriously. 

The Might Chester Fritz should not try to hard to be a serious place. It is not a research library, but it has value for campus as a place to gather and as a source of access to a world knowledge set apart not by its appearance in sacred codices, but by copyright restrictions, hyper-abundance, and complex search algorithms. The library of the 21st century (which is still the future here in North Dakota) will encourage students and faculty to wrest knowledge from this complex network of sources, combine it in new ways, and break old limits on how knowledge containers are used, disseminated, and preserved. 

In short, the library of the future has to be a place of PLAY. It must be a place where students and faculty feel comfortable transgressing the staid mores and serious comportment of traditional knowledge preservation and dissemination. If that means that the old, solid walls of the library must give way to campus wide access or that shelves of scarcely read volumes must give way to collaborative study areas, climbing walls, and coffee shops, then back up the moving trucks, applaud the contractors, and contact Micah Bloom to document and study the remains of Library As Book House. 

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Una sessione sulle nuove modalità di fruizione dei beni culturali al Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2015

Il 13 Maggio 2015, dopo la sessione plenaria di inaugurazione della seconda edizione del Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL si aprirà la sessione dal titolo "Nuove modalità di fruizione dei beni culturali" all'interno della Conferenza “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”. Modereranno Sofia Pescarin (CNR Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali) e Michele Fasolo (Direttore Responsabile Archeomatica).

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Visualizing Medieval Places: Exploring Space-Time in Medieval Literary Texts

Visualizing Medieval Places: Exploring Space-Time in Medieval Literary Texts
Here you can explore the full dataset of Visualizing Medieval Places (place names extracted from medieval French texts) built as of May 2015 and visualized with CartoDB. Approximate date of composition is provided mostly by the Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge (ARLIMA) and has been regularized. The work abbreviation is provided by the Dictionnaire étymologique de l’ancien français – Heidelberg.

Version 2.0 allowed for faceted browsing using metadata and complex representation of uncertain time segments (December 2013).

Versions 1.3 and 1.2 show a dataset of about 3000 data points (Summer 2013).
Versions 1.1 and 1.0 are a first set of plain views based on a small sub-set of Franco-Italian literature of about 600 data points (December 2012).

Versions 1.0-2.0 are shown with GeoTemCo, a tool for the comparative visualization of geospatial-temporal data created by Stefan Jänicke.  Read more about GeoTemCo here.  The code is available on github.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Internet dei monumenti, ovvero a ciascuno il suo indirizzo IP

Rilevamento e acquisizione di dati attraverso sensori sempre più sofisticati e precisi, accesso e utilizzo di basi di dati sempre più complesse e ricche, accresciuta capacità di analisi, elaborazione e fruizione dei dati attraverso servizi sempre più innovativi, uso di Internet. Sono queste le principali direttrici lungo le quali sta rapidamente evolvendo il settore delle tecnologie applicate ai beni culturali.

FUTURI POSSIBILI: Il paesaggio della Grecìa Salentina, la mostra

Il progetto In-Cul.Tu.Re. presenta “Futuri Possibili - Il paesaggio della Grecìa Salentina”, un percorso espositivo che riassume le esperienze, i punti di vista e le ricerche condotte su dodici casi studio individuati all’interno del patrimonio culturale della Grecìa Salentina*.

A Torino il Workshop di Fabbricazione Digitale per i Beni Culturali

A Torino il 23 e 24 maggio 2015 si svolgerà un nuovo Workshop di Fabbricazione Digitale per i Beni Culturali.  Le tecniche di fabbricazione digitale hanno aperto nuovi orizzonti nel settore dei Beni Culturali, offrendo soluzioni nuove e originali per lo studio, la tutela e la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale.

Durante il workshop parleremo di soluzioni hardware e software open source e low cost per il rilievo tridimensionale e la riproduzione di oggetti di carattere storico-artistico, esplorandone le possibili applicazioni nel campo del restauro, dell’accessibilità museale, della divulgazione e della didattica.

XXII Salone del Restauro di Ferrara, ecco il Programma

Mancano pochi giorni alla XXII edizione del Salone dell'Arte del Restauro e della Conservazione dei Beni Culturali ed Ambientali che si svolgerà a Ferrara Fiere dal 6 al 9 maggio 2015. Quest'anno il Salone ha ricevuto il patrocinio di EXPO Milano 2015. Il Programma della manifestazione prevede convegni e seminari, eventi di diverso tipo che si alterneranno negli spazi della Fiera e "Ferrara aperta per restauro".

A Milano un Laboratorio estivo di diagnostica non invasiva per i dipinti

Dal 20 al 31 luglio 2015 presso gli spazi di Open Care Restauri a Milano si svolgerà una scuola estiva sulla diagnostica non invasiva di dipinti (NID4P). È ormai cosa nota che le tecniche scientifiche applicate ai beni culturali possano aiutare la conoscenza del bene stesso sotto vari aspetti: sia per lo studio in sé della storia o del processo creativo, sia a fini conservativi e di restauro, una campagna diagnostica ben strutturata permette di acquisire dati e informazioni utili a storici dell’arte, conservatori museali, restauratori e collezionisti.

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Wheelwomen at Work is live!

MillermechanicI am excited to announce that Wheelwomen at Work is live!


Over the past academic year, I’ve been researching, writing and developing my CHI digital humanities project Wheelwomen at Work: Mapping Women’s Involvment in the Nineteenth-Century Bicycle Industry. For my launch post, I am going to recap why I developed the project, what tools I used, and future directions for the project.


My dissertation explores how nineteenth-century women used bicycling as an activist strategy. While conducting research, I uncovered how women’s involvement in the nineteenth-century bicycle industry was multifaceted and key to the industry as a whole, even though men held leadership positions in bicycle companies. I have found evidence of women who designed and produced bicycle accessories and clothing, while others developed frames and components. Women also worked in bicycle shops in sales and even as mechanics, and it was common for bicycle corporations to hire women as sales ‘agents’ to promote their brand. Other women quietly worked their way up to management positions in local factories. Young, working- class women were the invisible laborers behind most components and accessories, working long hours in dangerous machine shops and factory floors. I found a wealth of sources on women in the bicycle industry, yet they were largely scattered across archives. I believed these sources could be much more useful to scholars and lay enthusiasts in an accessible and organized format. I hoped that digitally curating these sources could allow for a deeper and richer understanding of women’s contributions to the bicycle industry, instead of reading individual women’s work as an outlining example isolated from one another.


Wheelwomen at Work showcases these sources at the historiographical intersections of sport history, women’s history and business history, with the goal to provide a fresh perspective of wheelwomen’s everyday lives and achievements. Scholars have understood cycling primarily through men’s athleticism and innovation, regulating women’s bicycling to short chapters, chapter sections, or footnotes despite the widespread popularity of bicycling among women. The historiography of the American bicycle industry is overwhelmingly a story of men’s successes and failures, typically with a focus on major corporations. The few historians who have incorporated women into bicycling research have only considered women as consumers and there is little scholarship which recognizes and explores women as innovators and workers in this industry. Similarly, scholars who have incorporated women have focused solely on the middle- and upper-classes, and have yet to fully consider working-class women as meaningful contributors to bicycling culture. By uncovering women’s involvement in the bicycle industry, Wheelwomen at Work contributes to scholarly conversations across multiple fields of inquiry. It also responds to calls by women’s historians such as Susan Lewis Ingalls to rethink the male-normative frameworks of business history, as well as calls for social histories of capitalism. Yet, Wheelwomen at Work is designed for all cycling enthusiasts, scholars and lay riders alike. It ultimately aims to showcase the rich history of women’s work as not simply consumers, but producers of bicycling culture.


I built Wheelwomen at Work using Mapbox and Bootstrap. Mapbox provides the custom online map design and hosts geographic and descriptive data for each pin. The content for each pin was developed from a variety of print and digitized sources. This project utilizes sources from ProQuest Historical Newspapers, Google Books, Google Patents, Haithitrust, Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers, America’s Historical Newspapers, and Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000. Wheelwomen at Work also incorporates print sources from the Library of Congress due to generous support for travel funding from the Department of History at Michigan State University. Wheelwomen at Work uses Bootstrap as the front-end framework, which includes the header, footer, map legend, gallery, and pages about the project.


While I have finished my goals for the 2014-2015 academic year, my plans for Wheelwomen at Work are far from over. I have three major tasks for this project and I plan to start working on them this summer. 
1. I plan to add more pins. I have about ten more pins on deck. Most of them require more research on my part so that I learn more about each person or group and their contributions to the bicycle industry. A significant number of my new pins will highlight women factory workers, but I plan to add at least one new pin for each of my four categories of wheelwomen’s work (Inventors, Factory Workers, Saleswomen and Mechanics). I hope to find content for more new pins as I plug away on my dissertation. 


2. I also have a bit more research to do on two of my current pins, both of which I am lacking the woman’s first name. For one woman I have only been able to find her husband’s first name, and thus she is identified as Mrs. Harry Kilpatrick. I only have first initials for another woman, Mrs. A. E. Miller. Even after months of research, I have still come up short for these two wheelwomen. I plan to dive more deeply into local records to see if I can find their full name. 


3. I will be writing four short essays, one for each of the four categories of wheelwomen’s work (Inventors, Factory Workers, Saleswomen and Mechanics). In each essay I will discuss the broader historical context for each category. One of the challenges of developing this project was that I wanted to keep each pin content long enough to provide a clear understanding of each person or group, but not so long that it would be unwieldy or repetitive. I decided on a short paragraph for each pin, but what this meant was that I often left out some background information. My hope is that each essay will help locate the pin’s content within its broader historical backdrop, such as the experiences of women factory workers across industries or women inventors in this era.


I ultimately hope this projects helps us rethink our assumptions about nineteenth-century life in the United States,  especially by providing a new vision of sports history and business history which repositions women into the center. As one columnist declared in a 1982 interview of a female bicycle shop owner, “enterprise hasn’t any sex.” 

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Electronic Editions of the Gospel According to John in Greek, Latin, Syriac and Coptic

Electronic Editions of the Gospel According to John in Greek, Latin, Syriac and Coptic

An edition of the manuscripts with Old Latin versions of John
Biblia Coptica

Facsimiles and transcriptions of Sahidic Coptic manuscripts of John

Transcriptions of Greek Papyri, Majuscules and Minuscules (work in progress)

Transcriptions of the Minor Coptic Versions

These pages are maintained by the Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing, University of Birmingham.

For further information, please contact the webmaster.
The image of the eagle is courtesy of the Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain and Ireland.

May 03, 2015

Alexandra Trachsel (Travelling with Demetrios of Skepsis)

News about Demetrios of Scepsis

In the last volume of ZPE 194 (2015) Marco Perale and Stefano Vecchiato published a new article on P.Oxy. 5094, where Demetrios seems to be quoted among other authorities. The article is divided into three parts.

A first part gives a summary on the scholarly discussion which fragment 1 raised. The preserved evidence suggests that the passage belonged to a discussion about the paternity of Hecabe, in which Demetrios is quoted for having known an additional hexameter line about the issues.

The second part of the article, which is the main part, consists in a new palaeographical analysis of fragment 4, which leads to an attempt to reconstitute the mythographical background of the deciphered elements and provides new readings for the preserved lines. At the beginning of the fragment a further author seems to be quoted (Araethus of Tegea). Furthermore, if this reading is correct, the mention of this author points to a discussion about Arcadian matters, as he is known to have written an Arcadica. Such a hypothesis could also be confirmed by the fact that the name of Phylonome, who is the mother of the two mythological rulers of Arcadia, occurs in the following line. This, together with other elements from the remaining lines, suggests that the basic arrangement of the preserved comment may have followed the outline of a genealogical presentation of the topic.

In the last part the two authors reconsider the hypothesis, stated in the publication of the editio princeps, that the fragment could be an extract from a work by Apollodorus of Athens. They evaluate the pros and cons, but have finally to acknowledge that this attribution has to remain a hypothesis. Both, our incomplete knowledge of Apollodorus works as well as the many lacunas that still remain in the understanding of P.Oxy. 5094, prevents them to go any further.

The publication about P.Oxy. 5094:
PERALE, M. – VECCHIATO ST., More on P.Oxy. 5094: Hecuba’s Father, Stesichorus, and a New Fragment of Ar(i)aethus of Tegea. ZPE 194 (2015) 11-27.
TRACHSEL, A., P. Oxy. 5094: Asios, Son of Dymas, or Asios, Son of Hyrtakos? Demetrios of Skepsis on Homonymies in the Iliad. ZPE 188 (2014) 5–11.
LUPPE W., Ein neuer Textvorschlag für den Mythographie-Papyrus P.Oxy. LXXVI 5094 (fr. 1). ZPE 185 (2013) 105-106.
LUPPE W., Zum Mythographie-Papyrus P.Oxy. LXXVI 5094, APF 58 (2012), 8-10.
WEST M.L., The Daughter of Dymas. ZPE 183 (2012) 11–13.
COLOMO, D. – PERALE, M., On P.Oxy. LXXVI 5094 fr. 1. ZPE 181 (2012) 1–3.
PERALE M. – HENRY W.B., 5094. Mythography. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri LXXXVI, London, 172-177.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Artefacts: Scientific Illustration and Archaeological Reconstruction

Artefacts: Scientific Illustration and Archaeological Reconstruction
Wir sind ein junges Berliner Büro für konzeptionelle Gestaltung. Unsere Expertise liegt in der Visualisierung von Themen aus Wissenschaft und For­schung.
Schwerpunkt unserer Tätigkeit ist die Entwicklung wissen­schaftlicher Illustrationen, Infogra­fi­ken und Ani­ma­tionen für Ausstellungen, Publi­ka­tionen oder Forschungs­pro­jekte.
Da wir selbst ausgebildete Archäo­lo­gen sind, sind wir besonders auf die wissenschaftliche Re­kon­struk­tion und 3D-Visualisierung antiker Architektur spezialisiert.
We are a Berlin-based conceptual design agency specialised in the visualisation of archaeological and scientific content.

Our main focus lies in creating informative graphics and animations for exhibitions, conferences and research projects.

Being archaeologists ourselves, the scientific reconstruction and 3D visualisation of ancient architecture is our main area of expertise.

Open Access Journal: Pseudo-Dionysius

First published in 1999, Pseudo-Dionysius is run by undergraduate and graduate students at Dalhousie and the University of King's College.  It offers the opportunity for university students at all levels to publish their work.

Vol 17 (2015)

Table of Contents


Battle of Frogs and Mice PDF
Tanisha Chakma
Contrasting Models of the God-World Relation: Avicenna, Maimonides and Al- Shahrastani PDF
Harrington Crichtley
A Note on the Ahistorical Metaphysics of Philo’s De Vita Mosis PDF
Daniel Heide
A Note on the Metaphysics of History in Philo’s De Vita Mosis PDF
Daniel Gillis
Variations on Anagnorisis PDF
Meghan Shields
The Essence of Justice Reconsidered: Power and Justice in Thucydides’ The History of the Peloponnesian War PDF
Zachery Ackerson
Meetings with the East: Athens and Pergamum PDF
Alix Kent
“Vere Phrygiae, neque enim Phryges:” Syrian Clothing and Roman Reception of Syrian Identity PDF
Marybeth Osowski
Knowledge and True Opinion in Plato’s Meno PDF
Ariel Weiner
Reading Book I of Plato’s Republic in Context PDF
Benjamin von Bredow
Logos and Ergon in Book I of Plato’s Republic PDF
Alexander Edwards
Playing Mercy: the Value of Virtue in Seneca’s Thyestes PDF
Kaitlyn Boulding
Fate, the Hero and Empire: Anger in Virgil’s Aeneid and Lucan’s Civil War PDF
Tamara Watson
Inhumane Philanthropy and Philanthropic Tyranny: Prometheus and Zeus in Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound PDF
Allison Graham
Feminine Io as a Natural and Political Principle In Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound PDF
Matthew Green
Bethany Hindmarsh


Vol 15 (2013)

May 02, 2015

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

OPenn: Primary Digital Resources Available to Everyone

OPenn: Primary Digital Resources Available to Everyone
OPenn contains complete sets of high-resolution archival images of cultural heritage material from the collections of its contributing institutions, along with machine-readable descriptive and technical metadata. All materials on OPenn are in the public domain or released under Creative Commons licenses as Free Cultural Works. Please see specific collections and documents for applicable license terms.
[ICO]NameLast modifiedSize

[TXT]Collections.html2015-05-01 16:43 3.4K
[DIR]Data/2015-04-29 10:36 -
[TXT]ReadMe.html2015-05-01 16:43 11K
[TXT]TechnicalReadMe.html2015-05-01 16:43 87K

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Some tables of contents in minuscule Greek manuscripts

Via AWOL I discovered the existence of a search engine for Greek manuscripts, made by David Jenkins and online at Princeton here.  I promptly started looking for examples of the “summaries” or “tables of contents” in Greek texts.  Not many of the texts that I looked at had them; but a few did.

First off, let’s have a look at an 11th century manuscript of Eusebius’ Church History, BML Plut. 70.28. On folio 2v we find this:

Table of contents for Eusebius HE in 11th century manuscript

Table of contents for Eusebius HE in 11th century manuscript

But none of this material is in the body of the manuscript as far as I could see.

Here’s a 16th century version of the same thing, much influenced by the age of printing no doubt.  This is Ms. Vatican Ottobonianus gr.108.  Fol. 1v looks like this:

16th century table of contents for Eusebius HE

16th century table of contents for Eusebius HE

It’s neater: but not fundamentally different in content.

Next up, a 9th century manuscript (Pal. gr. 398) from Heidelberg of Arrian’s CynegeticaFol. 17r looks like this:

9th century table of contents for Arrian's Cynegetica

9th century table of contents for Arrian’s Cynegetica

If we then look at the start of the text on fol.18, we see the same material – numerals appear in the margin against each chapter, while the “chapter heading” is in the right margin:

Opening of Arrian's Cynegetica, with chapter number and title on right.

Opening of Arrian’s Cynegetica, with chapter number and title on right.

Unfortunately I found no early examples in the manuscripts listed.  The majority of manuscripts listed were biblical (as this is where digitisation has concentrated), which is not what I am looking for.  Manuscripts of Plato’s works had no table of contents; nor did a manuscript of the histories of Herodotus.  But my search was by no means comprehensive.

It’s still nice to see these things, tho.  What I nowhere saw was modern-style chapters, blank lines followed by titles with numbers and another blank line.  Which is interesting itself.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

The Ancient Theatre Archive: A Virtual Reality Tour of Greek and Roman Theatre Architecture

The Ancient Theatre Archive: A Virtual Reality Tour of Greek and Roman Theatre Architecture
Google Maps
Augustodunum (modern Autun, France)
Lugdunum (modern Lyon, France)
Arausio (modern Orange, France)
Arelate (modern Arles, France)
Forum Julii (modern Fréjus, France)
Vasio Vocontiorum (modern Vaison-la-Romaine)
Vienna (modern Vienne, France)
Aegae (modern Vergina, Greece)
Aegeira (modern Egira, Greece)
Argos (modern Argos, Greece)
Cassiope (modern Kamarina, Greece)
Corinth (modern Kórinthos, Greece)
Corinth Odeum (modern Kórinthos, Greece)
Delphi (modern Delfi, Greece)
Delos (Modern Delos, Greece)
Dionysus (modern Athens, Greece)
Dium (modern Malathriá, Greece)
Dodona (modern Dodoni, Greece)
Elis (modern Ilida, Greece)
Epidaururs (modern Epidauros, Greece)
Eretria (modern Eretria, Greece)
Gythium (modern Githio, Greece)
Herodes Atticus
Isthmia (modern Isthmia, Greece)
Mantinea (modern Mantinea, Greece)
Megalopolis (modern Megalopoli, Greece)
Messene (modern Mavromati, Greece)
Milos, Cyclades, South Aegean
Mytilene, Lesbos, North Aegean
Nicopolis (modern Preveza, Greece)
Odeum of Herodes Atticus (modern Athens
Orchomenus (modern Orhomenos, Greece)
Orchomenos, Boeotia, Sterea Hellas
Oropos, the Amphiareion , East Attica
Patrai (Patras), Patra, Achaia, Greece
Philippi (modern Krenides, Greece)
Sicyon (modern Kiato, Greece)
Sparta (modern Sparti, Greece)
Stobi (modern Pustogradske, Greece)
Thessalonica (modern Thessaloniki, Greece)
Thera (modern Thira, Greece
Thoricus (modern Thorikos)
Arretium (modern Arezzo, Italy)
Asisium (modern Assisi, Italy)
Falerii Novi (modern Fabrica di Roma)
Ferentium (modern Ferento Viterbo, VT, Italy)
Interamnia Praetuttiorum (modern Teramo, Italy)
Iguvium (modern Gubbio, Italy)
Mevania (modern Bevagna)
Marcellus (modern Rome, Italy)
Ocriculum (modern Otricoli, TR, Italy)
Ostia (modern Ostia Antica, Italy)
Pompeii Odeum (modern Pompeii, Italy)
Pompeii (modern Pompeii, Italy)
Segesta (modern Calatafimi-Segesta, Italy)
Spoletium (modern Spoleto, Italy)
Syracusae (modern Siracusa, Italy)
Tauromenium (modern Taormina, Italy)
Acinipo (modern Ronda la Vieja, Spain)
Augusta Emerita (modern Mérida, Spain)
Baelo (modern Tarifa, Spain)
Bilbilis (modern Calatayud, Spain)
Clunia (modern Peñalba de Castro, Spain)
Carthago Nova (modern Cartagena, Spain)
Italica (modern Santiponce, Spain)
Malaca (modern Málaga, Spain)
Metellinum (modern Medellin, Spain)
Olisipo (modern Lisbon, Portugal)
Segobriga (modern Saelices, Spain)
Tarraco (modern Tarragonia)
Urso (modern Osuna, Spain)
Antiphellus (modern Kas, Turkey)
Arycanda (modern Arif, Turkey)
Aspendus (modern Belkiz, Turkey)
Aphrodisias (modern Geyre, Turkey)
Ephesus (modern Selçuk, Turkey)
Ephesus Odeum (modern Selçuk, Turkey)
Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey)
Hierapolis (modern Pamukkale, Turkey)
Letoon (modern Bozoluk, Turkey)
Miletus (modern Balat, Turkey)
Myra (modern Demre, Turkey)
Patara (modern Kelemis, Turkey
Pergamum (modern Bergama, Turkey)
Pergamum Roman Theatre (Bergama, Turkey)
Perge (modern Aksu, Turkey)
Phaselis (modern Tekirova, Turkey)
Pinara (modern Minare Köyü, Turkey)
Priene (modern Güllübahçe Turkey)
Side (modern Eski Antalya, Turkey)
Simena (modern Kale, Turkey
Telmessus (modern Fethiye, Turkey)
Termessus (modern Güllük, Turkey)
Tlos (modern Düver, Turkey)
Troia (Troy) Odeum (modern Hisarlik, Turkey)
Xanthus (modern Kõnõk, Turkey)

DigPal Blog

Modelling Codicology I: Sequence in Gatherings, Folios and Pages

One interesting complication of some medieval manuscripts such as Liber Wigornensis and the Exon Domesday book is that we do not know the original order of the gatherings. In fact, one of the few things that we know for sure for Exon Domesday is that the order as we have it now is almost certainly not the original. In the Conqueror's Commissioners project we are producing a digital edition of the manuscript, and so rather than presenting a fixed volume we are hoping to present it in a format whereby you can change the order of the pages yourself and see how the text changes as a result. However, as we all know, the order of pages is not entirely arbitrary: some sequences are more likely than others, and some are physically impossible. A page cannot have both a hair and a flesh side; a folio cannot be both a bifolium and a singleton; and so on. As a first step, then, I have tried to state as many of these definitions and constraints as I can think of, as precisely as possible. A first draft is presented below: please do have a look and send me any comments or corrections, preferably via the 'comments' box below.

Codicological Constraints

  1. All Folios comprise exactly two Pages.
  2. For parchment, Pages must be either Hair side (H) or Flesh side (F). A Folio must comprise one H Page and one F Page.
  3. For parchment, Pages must be one of Ruling side, Non-Ruling side, or Unruled. A Folio must comprise either one Ruling and one Non-Ruling Page, or two Unruled Pages.
    1. Pages normally have further properties, for example a given color in the case of parchment.
    2. Folios normally have further properties, for example thickness and stiffness; potentially color in the case of paper.
  4. A Folio might stand on its own or might be conjoint with another Folio. A standalone folio is called a singleton; the pair of conjoint Folios together is called a bifolium (plural bifolia).
  5. A Gathering comprises one or more Folios
    1. Any bifolia in a single Gathering must be nested within each other; there is therefore at most one outermost bifolium in any gathering. In principle there can be any number of singletons. 
  6. Sequences of Pages are ordered, as are sequences of Folios and sequences of Gatherings.
    1. By convention the first Page of a Folio is called the recto and the second page the verso. [Notice that this means that recto and verso are reversed in right-to-left writing systems.]
    2. Rule 5 combined with Rule 2 above requires that every Folio must be either H then F, or F then H. [In practice, it may be more efficient and generalizable to record it this way than associate H and F at the Page level.]
  7. The order of Pages and Folios is subject to hard constraints. These result from definitions or the bounds of physical possibility and so cannot be broken under any circumstances:
    1. The recto of one Folio must be the same H/F type as the verso of the conjoint Folio (if there is one). In other words, if the first recto of a bifolium is H then the corresponding verso must be F (from 6 above); the recto of the conjoint folio must then also be F and the verso of the conjoint folio must be H. Alternatively if the recto of a bifolium is F then the sequence is inverted. Bifolia must therefore be one of two types: HFFH or FHHF.
    2. Bifolia must nest and cannot overlap.
    3. Two Pages associated with a given Folio must always be associated with the same Folio (although the position of the Folio may change, as may the relative order of Pages: see 8.2 below).
    4. Two Folios that are identified as conjoint in one bifolium must always be part of the same bifolium (unless a mistake was made in collating, which is possible). In other words, changing the sequence of folios must not result in two conjoint folios becoming disjoint.
      1. Rules 7.3 and 7.4 imply that four Pages associated with the same bifolium must always be associated with the same bifolium.
  8. The order of Pages is also subject to strong constraints: these can be broken but only very rarely.
    1. Bifolia are normally ruled either before or after folding. [It's physically possible to rule partly before and partly after folding, but I am not aware of any examples.]
      1. If a given bifolium is ruled before folding then the Non-Ruling/Ruling sides are subject to the same constraints as Hair and Flesh above (all bifolia must be either NRRN or RNNR, and so on).
      2. If a given bifolium is ruled after folding then the Non-Ruling/Ruling sides are subject to the HF constraints, except that permissible patterns are either RNRN or NRNR.
      3. Similarly, other properties of Pages referred to in 3.1 above also normally extend across bifolia in the pattern XYYX.
      4. Similarly, other properties of Folios referred to in 3.2 above also normally extend to the conjoint folio in the same bifolium. For example, a bifolium is very unlikely to comprise one thick and one thin folios, but is much more likely to comprise two thick folios or two thin folios; and so on. 
    2. It can normally be assumed that the relative order of Pages in a given Folio is fixed, i.e. that a recto Page is always a recto and a verso always a verso.
      1. Exceptions are possible: a singleton or bifolium could be removed from the book, reversed, and bound in again. [This is very rare but is possisble – an example is 'Dunstan's Classbook'.]
      2. A singleton is 'reversed' by swapping the order of the two Pages for the relevant Folio: i.e. the recto becomes the verso and vice versa.
      3. A bifolium is 'reversed' by swapping the order of the two Folios, but not the order of the two Pages in each Folio. Thus the sequence of Pages ABCD becomes CDAB. 
        1. This in turn implies that reversing a singleton or bifolium inverts the H/F and R/N types. Thus an HF singleton becomes FH if reversed; an HFFH bifolium becomes FHHF; and so on.
    3. If a Text continues from Page A to Page B then it can be assumed that Page B must immediately follow Page A. 
      1. This implies further constraints on the sequence of Folios and Gatherings if Page A and Page B fall into different Folios or Gatherings.
  9. The order of Folios and Gatherings is subject to light constraints. These are assumed to hold if there is no evidence to the contrary but are broken relatively often in practice:
    1. If some bifolia are ruled as a unit and there is no evidence to the contrary then it is possible that all bifolia are so ruled. This is particularly likely for bifolia in a given Gathering, less likely across Gatherings.
    2. If two Folios which are not conjoint have exactly the same ruling and pricking then they are likely to be in the same Gathering. The more exact the match the more likely the Gathering is the same, although even a perfect match does not give certainty.
    3. The order of Pages in a given Folio is relatively unlikely to change; the order of Folios in a Gathering is somewhat unlikely to change; the order of Gatherings in a book is relatively likely to change.
    4. The position of a singleton is more likely to change than that of a bifolium.
    5. If a Text at the end of a Folio breaks off abruptly and is followed by a different Text on the following Folio, then it is likely that the two Folios should not be in sequence.
      1. The abrupt change may be because the Folios are in the 'incorrect' order. If so then there exists a 'correct' order in which the Text does not break off but is complete, in which case this sequence is to be preferred.
      2. Alternatively, the abrupt change may be because one or more Folios are lost. If so then there is no order in which the Text is complete, and so the 'correct' sequence will still include this abrupt change. 
    6. If a Text ends at the end of a Folio and a new Text begins on the following Folio then the two Folios need not be in sequence. (Converse of 9.5 above)
    7. For both 9.5 and 9.6, the likelihood that they are not in sequence increases if:
      1. The two texts are written in different Hands.
      2. The two texts are in different Gatherings.
      3. The first text is followed by blank space for the rest of the Folio
      4. The first text is followed by blank space for the rest of the Gathering.
        1. If all of 9.7.1–4 hold for case 9.6 then it is near certain that the gatherings were produced at different times, particularly if the ruling and pricking are different. 
    8. If a Text at the end of a Folio is crammed into the end of the verso but then continues on the following Folio, then it is likely that the two Folios are in different but sequential Gatherings.
    9. In our context (eleventh-century England), a Gathering is usually has eight or ten folios and is unlikely to have more than twelve; the likelihood of more than twelve drops quickly to vanishing. (This depends on the time and place, however.)
    10. Gatherings of fewer than eight folios are not uncommon. Single-folio gatherings are unlikely.
    11. Gatherings are more likely to consist primarily of bifolia with fewer singletons.
    12. The normal assumption is that a book is designed with largely the same number of bifolia in each Gathering. (There are relatively numerous examples where this does not hold, though!)

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Sasanika Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 30 September 2011. Updated 1 May 2015]

Sasanika Newsletter

Newsletter 8

Sasanika Team
Khodadad poster-sm

Newsletter 7 – February 2014

Sasanika Team
sasanika Newsletters > Newsletter 7  February 2014 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 7 In This Issue New & Improved Sasanika New Sasanika Team Members Sasanika Lectures at UCI New Publications A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects require funding. We are planning major changes in the website and inclusion of further information and research about the Sasanian Empire. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us!   New & Improved Sasanika It is ... READ MORE

Newsletter 6 – June 2012

Sasanika Team
DSCF1663-smNewsletters > Newsletter 6 June 2012 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 6 In This Issue Religion, Cosmology & Empire Late Antique Iran Lecture New Publications e-Sasanika Series Obituary A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects require funding. We are planning major changes in the website and inclusion of further information and research about the Sasanian Empire. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us! Religion, Cosmology and Empire ... READ MORE

Newsletter 5 – September 2011

Sasanika Team
coinNewsletters > Newsletter 5 September 2011 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 5 In This Issue Sasanian Numismatics Sasanian & World Histor The Other Great Empire Kingship, Rel. & Coinage New Publications e-Sasanika Series Obituary Photos to Share A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects require funding. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us. Rika Gyselen: Sasanian Numismatics & History On February 15, 2011, Dr. Rika ... READ MORE

Newsletter 4 – December 2010

Sasanika Team
sasanikaNewsletters > Newsletter 4 December 2010 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 4 In This Issue New Website Roshan Grant Sasanika Workshop ISIS in LA Lecture Series New Publications Obituary A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects require funding. We are planning major changes in the website and inclusion of further information and research about the Sasanian Empire. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us! New and Improved Website During ... READ MORE

Newsletter 3 – December 2009

Sasanika Team
DSCF1663-smNewsletters > Newsletter 3 December 2009 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 3 In This Issue MESA 2009 Travel to the Republic of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan: Historical Survey New Publications A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects requires funding. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us. MESA 2009 In November 2009 there were four panels dedicated to the Sasanian Iran. The speakers were brought together by Professor Parvaneh Pourshariati of ... READ MORE

Newsletter 2 – December 2008

Sasanika Team
CeretiNewsletters > Newsletter 1 December 2008 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 2 In This Issue Lectures Travelogue New Publications Obituary Fundraising A Word from the Editor Sasanika is dedicated to the promotion of research and study on the history of the Sasanian dynasty. It is the aim of Sasanika: Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of late antique and world history. Although most of our team members volunteer their time to maintain the site, the production of high-quality articles and the support of research projects requires funding. It is through the generosity of Sasanian enthusiasts and those interested in the history of pre-Islamic Iran that Sasanika thrives. Please consider joining us. Dr. Carlo G. Cereti in California State University, Fullerton On November 1, 2008, California State University at Fullerton hosted the second installment of the Rastegar Family Iraj Afshar Iranica ... READ MORE

Newsletter 1 – June 2008

Sasanika Team
kerdirNewsletters > Newsletter 1 June 2008 - Sasanika Newsletter No. 1 In This Issue Sasanika's Mission Our New Look e-Sasanika Programs & Events Joint Project Sasanika's Mission One of the most remarkable civilizations of the first millennium CE was that of the Sasanian Empire. Emanating from southern Iran's Persis (Fars) region in the third century AD, the Sasanian domain eventually encompassed not only modern day Iran and Iraq, but also the greater parts of Central Asia and the Near East, including at times the regions corresponding to present-day Israel, Turkey, and Egypt. This geographically diverse empire brought together a striking array of ethnicities and religious practices. Arameans, Arabs, Armenians, Persians, Romans, Goths as well as a host of other peoples all lived under the Sasanian rule. It is the aim of Sasanika: the Late Antique Near East Project to bring to light the importance of the Sasanian civilization in the context of world and late ... READ MORE

Digitized Greek Manuscripts

Digitized Greek Manuscripts
The database is maintained by David Jenkins, Librarian for Classics, Hellenic Studies and Linguistics at Princeton University.

Displaying 1 - 50 of 3360 manuscripts

Title Century Subject theme Subject name

BAR Ms. Gr. 10 13th Philosophy Nicephorus Blemmydes
BAR Ms. Gr. 1175
BAR Ms. Gr. 121 11th, 12th Saints lives
BAR Ms. Gr. 1294
Canon law, Illuminations
BAR Ms. Gr. 1387
Theology John Climacus
BAR Ms. Gr. 1395
BAR Ms. Gr. 14 14th, 15th Poems Maximus Planudes, Ovid, Cato
BAR Ms. Gr. 165 15th Theology Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa
BAR Ms. Gr. 214 15th, 16th Misc.
BAR Ms. Gr. 225 15th, 16th Theology, Poems
BAR Ms. Gr. 249 14th, 15th Theology John of Damascus
BAR Ms. Gr. 257 14th, 15th Menaion
BAR Ms. Gr. 261 12th, 13th Hymns
BAR Ms. Gr. 318 15th, 16th Theology Eustratius, Nicholas of Methone, Nicetas Stethatus, Euthymius Zigabenus
BAR Ms. Gr. 36 14th, 15th Florilegium
BAR Ms. Gr. 360 13th, 14th Bible
BAR Ms. Gr. 375 13th Poems
BAR Ms. Gr. 390 14th, 15th Theology Gregory Nazianzus
BAR Ms. Gr. 394 14th, 15th, 17th Philosophy, Theology Maximus Planudes, Boethius, Thomas Aquinas, Plethon, Demetrius Cydones
BAR Ms. Gr. 452 15th, 16th Misc., Philosophy Aristotle, Nemesius, Gennadios II Scholarios, Michael Psellus
BAR Ms. Gr. 492 15th, 16th Rhetoric, Grammar Aeschines, Manuel Moschopoulus
BAR Ms. Gr. 508 13th Letters
BAR Ms. Gr. 561 14th, 15th Bible, Theology Nicephorus Blemmydes
BAR Ms. Gr. 646 14th Synesius, Maximus Planudes
BAR Ms. Gr. 665 12th Bible
BAR Ms. Gr. 739 13th Poems
BAR Ms. Gr. 872
BAR Ms. Gr. 931 14th Theology
BAR Ms. Gr. 932
BAR Ms. Gr. 934
BAR Ms. Gr. 935
BAR Ms. Gr. 936
BAR Ms. Gr. 94 12th Bible
BAR Ms. Gr. 953
BAV Barb. gr. 1 17th Astronomy Ptolemy
BAV Barb. gr. 100 15th, 16th History Flavius Josephus
BAV Barb. gr. 103 14th Letters Libanius
BAV Barb. gr. 106 15th Philosophy
BAV Barb. gr. 107 17th Geography
BAV Barb. gr. 108 15th, 16th Grammar
BAV Barb. gr. 111 16th History
BAV Barb. gr. 117 16th, 17th Theology Gregory Palamas
BAV Barb. gr. 118 16th Medicine
BAV Barb. gr. 119 15th Manuel Moschopoulus, Homer
BAV Barb. gr. 120 16th Philosophy John Philoponus
BAV Barb. gr. 124 15th Philosophy Gennadios II Scholarios
BAV Barb. gr. 126 15th Letters
BAV Barb. gr. 127 15th Astronomy, Medicine
BAV Barb. gr. 128 15th Theognis


Modern Language Translations of Byzantine Sources

Modern Language Translations of Byzantine Sources
Search for modern language translations of Byzantine primary sources by keywords in the "Site search" box above, or browse to results using the pull-down menus in the right hand column. 

The database is maintained by David Jenkins, Librarian for Classics, Hellenic Studies and Linguistics at Princeton University.

Search for modern language translations of Byzantine primary sources by keywords in the "Site search" box above, or browse to results using the pull-down menus in the right hand column.
The database is maintained by David Jenkins, Librarian for Classics, Hellenic Studies and Linguistics at Princeton University.
Displaying 1 - 50 of 1899 Translations

Title Author Century Publication Year Translation Language
Leben der byzantinischen Kaiser : (978 - 1075) 11th
Die große Arithmetik aus dem Codex Vind. phil. gr. 65 15th
Vida de Espiridón 7th
San Cosme y san Damián : vida y milagros 3rd
The life of St. Basil the Younger
The wars of Justinian 6th
Memoirs of Sylvester Syropoulos, Section IV 15th
An English translation and commentary on Origo Constantini imperatoris
The Histories 15th
The Acts of the Lateran Synod of 649
Ancoratus 4th, 5th
Michael Psellos on Symeon the Metaphrast and on the Miracle at Blachernae 11th
Three Christological treatises 5th
The fragmentary history of Priscus 5th
On the difficulties in the Church Fathers 6th, 7th
Vita di s. Aussenzio di Bitinia 11th
La vie métrique de Théodore Stoudite par Stéphane Mélès (BHG 1755m) 12th
История ромеев 14th
Ὁ ἅγιος Νεόφυτος ὁ Ἔγκλειστος καὶ ἡ τυπικὴ διαθήκη τοῦ 13th
Greek (Modern)
Die Jakobus-Liturgie in ihren Überlieferungssträngen. Edition des Cod. arm. 17 von Lyon
Asketische Schriften 13th
Biographien über Philosophen und Sophisten 4th, 5th
Libros de Retórica 15th
Sobre las imágenes sagradas 8th
De fide orthodoxa 8th
Secular orations 1167/8 to 1179 12th
Two early lives of Severos, Patriarch of Antioch 6th
A review of Logos 38 of Nikon of the Black Mountain 11th
The foundation of the Pantokrator monastery in its urban setting
The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Books II and III, De fide 4th
Empress Piroska-Eirene’s Collaborators in the Foundation of the Pantokrator Monastery : The Testimony of Nikolaos Kataphloron 12th
Jacob of Sarug's homily on the sinful woman 5th, 6th
Manuel Philes and the Asan family 14th
On celestial signs (De ostentis) 6th
Accounts of medieval Constantinople : the Patria
9th, 10th, 11th
Three unpublished texts on Christ’s unique will and operation from the Syriac florilegium in the ms. London, British Library, Add. 14535 7th, 8th
On the months (De mensibus) 6th
Pseudo-Kodinos and the Constantinopolitan court 14th
Violence in Roman Egypt
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th
The life of Saint Symeon the new theologian 11th
Encheiridion and spurious works 5th
Light on the mountain 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 12th, 13th, 14th
Treasury 13th
The Anonymous Sayings of the Desert Fathers 5th, 6th, 7th
The life of Patriarch Ignatius 10th
The funerary speech for John Chrysostom
Il “Canto di Armuris”
I manoscritti e il testo di quattro Ἕτερα κεφάλαια 11th
Les Zélotes : une révolte urbaine à Thessalonique au 14è siècle 14th
Un recueil inédit de miracles de Cyr et Jean dans le Koutloumousiou 37 6th, 7th

New Open Access Journal: Comparative Mythology

Comparative Mythology
ISSN: 2409-9899
The International Association for Comparative Mythology (http://compmyth.org ) is happy to present the inaugural issue of our long - planned journal Comparative Mythology. 
IACM was founded in 2006, and we have held annual conferences on three continents. Comparative Mythology was conceived near the beginning of the organization, but the birth has been (like that of Väinamöinen ) protracted for technical reasons. The aim of th e new journal – the only one dedicated to comparative mythology with a worldwide scope – is to study ancient and current mythologies by employing various appropriate methodologies, some traditional, some radically new. 
We have long felt that the field of mythology is in need of an international journal dealing with world - wide mythology, as distinct from journals with a local or regional focus and from those of the adjacent field of folklore. The lack of a journal fully dedicated to comparative mythology h as been and still is a large lacuna in the field. Even though the new French journal Nouvelle mythologie comparée (http://nouvellemythologiecomparee.hautetfort.com ) covers some of the same territory as ours, it rather seems to focus more narrowly on Indo-European myths. Instead, we want to include accounts of mythologies from all regions and time periods, including prehistory as far as visible in Stone Age rock art or as appearing in careful reconstructions. The latter includes the innovative approach of combining traditional comparison with the historical study of myths, both extinct and current, which allows for the reconstruction of earlier stages. 
Comparative Mythology will thus include studies on the various forms that mythologies have taken in history and prehistory, including their use in ritual, their presence as archaeological remnants and in various religions, while making use, when relevant, of philological, linguistic, genetic and other scientific information and methods. Attention will also be given to the study of the origin and spread of the mythologies of human populations out of East Africa, possibly remnants of the tales of the “African Eve” 

Vol 1 (2015): Issue 1

Front Matter

Front Matter and Table of Contents
Editorial Board


Michael Witzel

Emily Lyle

Nick Allen

Christophe Helmke, Jesper Nielsen

Klaus Antoni

Atsuhiko Yoshida

May 01, 2015

Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

First post up at Forbes - You're a bioarchaeologist? What is that?

I put up an introductory post on my new Forbes blog: "You're a bioarchaeologist? What is that?"  It's a very brief introduction to me and what I plan to do with my blogging at Forbes.

So do go check it out, and feel free to follow/subscribe to me there as well!  More interesting stuff to come starting next week!

(Oh, and the Bones review will be out... when I'm done grading, I guess.)

The Homer Multitext

Articles on the multiformity of Homeric poetry now on-line

The Center for Hellenic Studies has published on-line two articles by Associate Editors of the Homer Multitext that directly address the multiformity of Homeric poetry.

The first of these, "Homeric Poetry and Problems of Multiformity: The 'Panathenaic Bottleneck'," by Gregory Nagy, was one of the works of scholarship that originally inspired this project. Nagy argues that the text fixation of Iliad and Odyssey occurred not through writing but in the context of the increasingly limited performance tradition at the Panhellenic festival of the Panathenaia in Archaic and Classical Athens. As the poems passed through this “bottleneck” the degree of variability became increasingly limited. The article offers an explanation for how the Iliad and Odyssey came to be crystallized into the relatively un-multiform versions in which we now have them. Nagy suggests that the highly regulated performance context of the Panathenaic Festival provided the mechanism by which multiformity was gradually screened out and a relatively fixed, "Panathenaic" text emerged for the two poems. Nagy's arguments also account for the fact the Iliad and Odyssey (which were performed at this festival) survive, whereas the poems of the Epic Cycle do not.

Leonard Muellner's article, "Grieving Achilles," explores Archaic vase paintings that depict Achilles in a silent gesture of mourning (veiling his head) and suggests that they are drawing on an variation of the epic tradition of the taking of Briseis and the subsequent embassy to Achilles that we find in Iliad 9. As Muellner writes, his work shows that these "vase paintings are not illustrations of epic poetry, or ad hoc inventions, or mistakes that intentionally or unintentionally disregard or misrepresent the putatively uniform Homeric versions of epic tales that served as their supposed models. Instead, the vase painter, just like a singer of tales, is engaged in a traditional, creative effort to select among myths that are by nature multiform." For more on the relationship between the multiforms of myth, vase paintings, and the Homeric epics, see also "Briseis and the Multiformity of the Iliad" (Chapter 1 in C. Dué, Homeric Variations on a Lament by Briseis.)

 Embassy to Achilles — Phoinix, Odysseus, Achilles veiled, and unnamed youth. Athenian red-figure hydria, Staatliche Antikensammlung, München 8770. Photo Bibi Saint-Pol, Wikimedia Commons (public domain).

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Data Journalism Problems in Europe

By Zara Rahman

Data Journalism Problems in Europe

Postcard from Perugia (Tommy Clark via Flickr)

Last week, I attended the International Journalism Festival in Perugia. It was beautiful, and in many ways, surprising.

With my usual work, I spend most of my time thinking about how civil society and journalists can use data more effectively in their work, and the problems that we come up against are things like:

  • Not having enough data (it doesn’t exist, it’s not online, or there’s no access to it)
  • Not having access to the right technologies (tools are behind a paywall, open source tools might not do the trick)
  • Not having good access to internet or no access at all–or, audiences with low levels of connectivity
  • Being in restrictive political environments with low levels of press freedom
  • Staying safe online

But in Perugia, the problems mentioned were largely very different. The hurdles facing data journalism here aren’t related to technology, they’re related to culture.

European Problems

It’s called the International Journalism Festival, but the very large majority of the participants were from Europe. The problems that people seemed to be talking about in Perugia regarding data journalism, and actually getting stuff done, differed somewhat based on their roles in the newsroom. I find these issues around culture and technology fascinating, so I tried to talk to as many people as possible about it, and here–summed up in a few generic user profiles–is what I learned.

"Traditional" Journalists

Profile: You’re a journalist who can’t code, and you don’t work with quantitative data in significant ways. You might have studied journalism or have been working in journalism for a long time. For you, writing skills and investigative offline skills are the most important qualities for a journalist.

Problem: You’re not sure how to interact with coders in the newsroom, and you’re not sure you really see the point of doing so. Isn’t it enough to give them a few days notice when a graphic is needed for a story? It would be great to have a diagram to illustrate a certain point in the story, so that’s good–but how else could a coder help in telling a long narrative story, or in getting interviews from people?

What you can do: If there are coders or data journalists in your newsroom, tell them about what you’re working on really early on. They’ll still need your help to tell the story–they bring the data, you bring the journalism and storytelling skills–and together, you may be able to tell a whole new story in a whole new way. It’s not just about creating a pretty graphic to illustrate the story (though, in general, try to use graphics instead of stock photos!). Eva Constantaras did a brilliant session on using data in breaking news stories, in which she outlined how even in time-pressured situations, a new angle might be found by looking at data.

Try to get to know what the coders can do–ask them what their favorite data-driven stories are, find out what kinds of skills they have. Some might be excellent graphics designers, and others might have incredible statistics skills. Either way, it’s up to you to get to know their skillsets and make space for them to support your work.


Profile: OK, so you’ve got your data journalists in the newsroom, alongside your regular journalists. You’re aware that your newsroom needs to start telling better data-driven, or data-informed, stories–that’s why you’ve got the technologists in there.

Problem: You’ve noticed the news nerds/data journalists/coders aren’t integrating that well in the newsroom, but you’re pretty busy. What are the lightweight changes you can make, to help?

What you can do: Invite the data journalists to editorial meetings, and treat them just as you would other journalists. Don’t give them tasks to do that have nothing to do with the reason that you hired them, even though thanks to their levels of technical literacy, they could probably do them pretty well–like fixing websites, for example. Give them job titles (and job descriptions) that accurately represent what you want them to do–“data journalist” or “graphics editor” for example, and encourage them to put their bylines on stories that they’ve contributed to in significant ways.

Out of the 14 most-visited stories on the New York Times last year, 6 of them had a heavy visual component. You know that you need to integrate visuals into your stories, and the journalists who have a high level of coding and data literacy are going to be the ones who can do that for you. Value those unicorns!

Data Journalists/Unicorns/Coders/News Nerds

Profile: Whatever you call yourself, you can code, you understand how to work with data, and you have a well-used Github account. You probably started off as a coder who realised journalism is valuable, or (less frequently) as a journalist who realized coding is valuable, and now, you want to start telling those stories yourself, supported by your data skills.

Problem: You’re not sure where to start. You might be given routine technical tasks, rather than be asked to get involved in data-driven stories, and you say yes because there’s nobody else to do them, even though you were hired for something else. You’re sure you can do the “data” part, but you need some help in the “story” part of data journalism.

What you can do: Let people in your newsroom know what you can do. Introduce people gently to your skillset, and avoid technical jargon! Run a weekly Learning Lunch like Noah did at the BBC, where people can drop in and learn about technical topics that they might have heard about but never had the chance to learn about.

Like it or not, your job partly internal advocacy and skill sharing. Before others in your newsroom will come to you with a story idea, they need to understand what you can do–and to do that, they need to boost their technical literacy, with your help! Make it clear that you’re open for questions, that you’re willing to help them on stories–for example, maybe with a standard daily “office hour” where anyone can drop in and ask for your help.

Conclusion (and Disclaimer)

I’m personally none of the above profiles, but I do like the role of trying to work out what people’s needs and problems are in the context of technology and journalism, or activism. Of course, there were other problems mentioned at the festival, but these are the most prominent ones I heard regarding data journalism and newsroom culture.

Any other tips to add? Let me know!

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Ugaritica

[First posted in AWOL 1 March 2012, updated 1 May 2015]

Ugaritica in AMAR

One of a series of AWOL pages seeking to pull together publication series digitized and served through AMAR: Archive of Mesopotamian Archaeological Site Reports

Ugaritica. I: études relatives aux découvertes de Ras Shamra Ugaritica. I: études relatives aux découvertes de Ras Shamra Schaeffer, Claude F.-A. (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982 1939

Ugaritica. II: nouvelles études relatives aux découvertes de Ras Shamra Ugaritica. II: nouvelles études relatives aux découvertes de Ras Shamra Schaeffer, Claude F.-A. (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982 1949

Ugaritica. III : sceaux et cylindres hittites, épée gravée du cartouche de Mineptah, tablettes Ugaritica. III : sceaux et cylindres hittites, épée gravée du cartouche de Mineptah, tablettes chypro-minoennes et autres découvertes nouvelles de Ras Shamra Schaeffer, Claude F.-A (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982 1956

Ugaritica. IV: Découvertes des 18e et 19e campagnes, 1954-1955 : fondements préhistoriques d'Ugarit Ugaritica. IV: Découvertes des 18e et 19e campagnes, 1954-1955 : fondements préhistoriques d'Ugarit et nouveaux sondages, études anthropologiques, poteries grecques et monnaies islamiques de Ras Shamra et environs Schaeffer, Claude F.-A. (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982 1962

Ugaritica. V: nouveaux textes accadiens, hourrites et ugaritiques des archives et bibliothèques privées Ugaritica. V: nouveaux textes accadiens, hourrites et ugaritiques des archives et bibliothèques privées d'Ugarit Nougayrol, Jean 1968

Ugaritica. VI: publié à l'occasion de la XXXe campagne de fouilles à Ras Shamra (1968) Ugaritica. VI: publié à l'occasion de la XXXe campagne de fouilles à Ras Shamra (1968) Schaeffer, Claude F.-A. (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982 1969

Ugaritica. VII Ugaritica. VII Schaeffer, Claude F.-A. (Claude Frédéric-Armand), 1898-1982

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

With the field season right around the corner and a stack of ornery, unfinished projects staring at me, the last thing I needed was a string of days in the mid-70s with low humidity and a very eager dog. But, despite my best efforts, I can’t control the weather or the dog, so my productivity this week ground to an awkward halt as I took in some vigorous rounds of late afternoon “ram ball,” “ram elephant,” and “ram gross and wet rawhide” with the yellow dog.

I did, however, manage to set aside a bit of time to make a list of quick hits and varia. I’d like to humbly recommend listening to our most recent podcast as well!

IMG 3115An Aerial View of Milo

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

News from Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE)

Major photographic updates to OCRE
Much progress has been made recently in photographically covering the American Numismatic Society collection for the Roman imperial department. By using some NEH funding to hire a photographer to focus mainly on Roman imperial coins in a more high-speed workflow, photos for more than 7,000 Roman imperial coins have been captured over the last six months or so.

These images have finally pushed through the main image processing workflow and are now available online. The Nomisma.org SPARQL endpoint has been updated with the latest dump from Mantis to reflect these additions. Furthermore, more than 1,100 new links to OCRE have been made from the ANS collection from RIC Volumes I to IV. Nearly 15,300 coins from the ANS are now linked in OCRE, up from just over 14,000 previously. Furthermore, the photographic coverage has been extended from 3,499 coins in our collection to about 12,000.

Lastly, we have pushed the first portion of RIC Volume V into OCRE. These are the coins from during Valerian's life, from his sole reign to joint reign with his son, Gallienus. We have not yet linked physical specimens from the ANS or other museum collections into these RIC V URIs yet, but look for this to be done in the next week or two. For now, you can take a look at the types at http://numismatics.org/ocre/results?q=recordId:ric.5*. 
Thursday, April 30, 2015

New Book from the Oriental Institute: Unpublished Bo-Fragments in Transliteration I (Bo 9536 - Bo 9736)

CHDS 2. Unpublished Bo-Fragments in Transliteration I (Bo 9536 - Bo 9736)

By Oğuz Soysal

Download Terms of Use
This monograph offers a large number of unpublished text fragments in photo and transliteration and gives succinct philological notes to these fragments. The fragments are part of a large collection that had been found during the early German campaigns at the Hittite capital Hattusa before the Second World War. The fragments were taken to the Staatliche Museen in Berlin (which fell to Eastern Germany after the war) and were finally returned by the German Democratic Republic to Turkey (the Museum of Ancient Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara) in the year 1987. They were then divided among a team of eminent Turkish Hittitologists under the supervision of Sedat Alp, but most of the pieces remained unpublished. Following a decision of the Turkish Ministry of Culture in 2010, a new team was formed, partly consisting of members of the former team, but also supplemented by several Turkish Hittitologists of the younger generation. The author of the present monograph is one of these new team members.
Oğuz Soysal is an experienced Hittitologist and the author of a number of important publications, which have received much attention in the field. In more than one case he has already dealt with unpublished fragments, and on these occasions he has shown himself to be a skilled editor of new texts. As a collaborator of the Hittite Dictionary of the University of Chicago, Soysal was able to draw upon the rich lexical files of this project in order to assign fragments to a text or even join them together with other fragments.
Soysal provides photographs and transliterations of each piece. Photos offer the users of his book all the information needed on the sign forms of the fragments, and the transliterations show how Soysal has interpreted those signs. Wherever necessary, Soysal gives philological notes to explain certain forms or to present relevant text variants. Each fragment, if possible, is accompanied by information on its assignment to a Hittite text or text genre, the date of the composition, the fragmentʼs measurements, and previous bibliography. After the presentation of the fragments highly useful indexes on onomastics and lexicographical matters close the book.

Table of Contents

Unpublished Bo-Fragments in Transliteration (Bo 9536 – Bo 9756)
Index of Proper Names
Select Lexical Entries from Lexical Citations
Citations from other Boğazköy Texts
Concordance of the CTH-Numbers according to “CHDS 2” and “Konkordanz”

  • Unpublished Bo-Fragments in Transliteration I (Bo 9536 - Bo 9736)
  • Chicago Hittite Dictionary Supplements 2
  • Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2015
  • Pp. xvi + 224; 234 illustrations
  • ISBN 978-1-61491-028-2
  • $41.95
For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

April 30, 2015

Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

10.10.3 Changes Name Of Special Characters

To provide an additional challenge to Yosemite users, with the 10.10.3 update Apple has decided to change the name of the item in the Edit menu for most apps long called "Special Characters".  Clicking on this brings up the Character Viewer where you can access all Unicode characters.   The new name is "Emoji & Symbols".

Apple Watch: Language Capabilities Of First Release More Limited Than iPhone

According to the Apple Watch User Guide, the Apple Watch language is set independently using the Watch app on the iPhone, via My Watch > General > Language. As of 4/24/15, the available languages are  English (U.S.), English (UK), English (Australia), Spanish (Mexico), Spanish (Spain), French (France), French (Canada), German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (

Ethan Gruber (Numishare)

Nomisma extended to link to the Getty ULAN, British Museum thesauri

This morning, the Getty Museum announced the release of the Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) thesaurus as linked open data. Following updates made to the Getty lookup mechanism in Kerameikos.org's XForms-based editing interface, I have ported these updates into Nomisma's editor. It is now possible to quickly and easily link people and organizations in Nomisma to matching concepts in the ULAN, much like what we have already implemented for linking mints and regions to the TGN and denominations, materials, manufacture methods, and object types to the AAT.

Furthermore, I took the time to finally fully implement the British Museum lookup mechanism in Nomisma. The British Museum thesauri cover many of the same broad categories as the Getty, but the main difference between the two systems is that the BM thesauri reflect what they have in their own database, and the Getty thesauri are aimed at representing concepts across all of art history. The Nomisma editing interface now enables quick and easy linking to denominations, ethnic identities, manufacture methods, materials, mints, object types, people, and regions in the BM thesauri.

See the following examples:


When creating or editing ids manually, we'll be able to easily add BM and Getty URIs into the system. Ideally we will want to do a mass update of all of our ids that can be mapped to concepts in both thesauri. Creating a concordance between Nomisma and Getty concepts will hopefully facilitate large-scale aggregation in the future.

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Audio in the Browser: Horrors and Joys

By Tyler Fisher

Audio in the Browser: Horrors and Joys

A selection of NPR audio/photo stories

At NPR, we create some of the finest audio storytelling in the world every day. When our radio reporters go into the field to gather stories, they often have a team of audio producers gathering interview clips and natural, found sounds of the highest quality.

On the web, audio has never enjoyed the wide browser support and investment that other forms of media, such as images and videos, have received. This means working with audio as a web developer can be frustrating and limited. Over the past few months, NPR Visuals has settled on some patterns for working with audio.

Audio on the Web: A Brief, Frustrating History

The first web browser to implement audio was—shockingly—Internet Explorer. Microsoft implemented the <bgsound> tag in Internet Explorer 4.0 as a way for a web page to autoplay an audio file when a page loaded. This is also known as the worst possible way to use audio on the web, or That MIDI Version Of “Stairway To Heaven” On Every Geocities Page.

So fraught was the tag, Netscape and other browsers of the time didn't even attempt to implement it. But Flash quickly followed, and for a long, dark period of the web, the only way to reliably use audio (I’m told—I was like, 12) was to embed it in a Flash player.

With the advent of HTML5 came a new, native option for audio in the browser: the humble <audio> tag. It seemed so simple, so elegant. A semantic way to include an audio file, just like you might include an image. It even got around the pesky audio codec issue by allowing you to supply multiple source files for each audio tag.

But for years, browser support for the HTML5 audio lagged behind, and determining which codecs you needed to provide for your audio files seemed an impossible task. Cutting MP3s, OGGs, and WAVs of every audio file you wanted to use made the editing process much more tedious.

Finally, in 2015, HTML5 audio-based solutions are stable and simple enough. You can give an <audio> tag an MP3 file and expect it to play in every modern browser, including IE9 and up.

But HTML5 audio has many limitations. HTML5 audio is like a stereo—you can put audio in it, and you can stop, skip around, pause and play those sounds, but you have no way of getting at what is really in that sound. You can’t access the data behind the sound, such as frequency or volume data.

The newest audio technology, the Web Audio API, gets around all of those limitations. But it is not quite ready for prime time, as we will get into later.

Working with audio can be frustrating without the right infrastructure set up. Below, I will focus largely on HTML5 audio and walk through how NPR develops with audio, including solutions to some of the problems we have run into while developing.

HTML5 Audio: What Is Up

I know nothing about HTML5 audio. Can you give me a quick primer?

Sure! The proposal for HTML5 audio arrived when the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) first proposed HTML5 as a standard in 2008. The proposal called for an <audio> tag that would play various types of audio files natively in the browser.

Various browser vendors took a long time to implement this, and for years, they supported different audio codecs (MP3, OGG, WAV, etc.). But today, all modern browsers support the <audio> tag and the MP3 audio codec. Thus, a basic audio player might look like this:

<audio controls src="path/to/youraudio.mp3"></audio>


If you want to provide more than one source, just to be safe, you can use <source> tags inside the <audio> tag instead of using the src attribute:

<audio controls>
    <source src="path/to/youraudio.mp3">
    <source src="path/to/youraudio.ogg">


In both examples, we use the controls attribute to use the browser default UI for controlling audio. These controls look very different in every browser, so make sure you are prepared for that if you want to use the default controls.

If you don’t want to use those controls and don’t want the audio to autoplay (you don’t), you will need to implement controls in JavaScript. There are libraries for this.

But JavaScript Tho

Every JavaScript library I have tried with audio seems not to work. What am I doing wrong?

You’re not doing anything wrong! A lot of JavaScript libraries have attempted to provide a clean API for working with audio in JavaScript. Many of them have not kept up with browser support, and many of them are simply bad JavaScript libraries. We use the tried-and-true jPlayer. On just about every audio project, we try a different JavaScript library to see if we find one that works as well, is lighter, and is something we like better. We haven’t found one yet.

OK Fine Tell Me About jPlayer

Okay, so how do I use jPlayer?

jPlayer is an unfortunately heavy dependency, as it also provides support for video and a whole skinning interface that is not as useful for our purposes, but its audio playback has proved fairly bulletproof for us. jPlayer also depends on jQuery.

To get started with jPlayer, read its documentation and take a look at some of our code. A basic player works like this.

Getting an audio player working is fairly simple. First, you need an HTML element to attach the jPlayer instance to, in the DOM.

<div id="audio-player"></div>

Next, in your JavaScript, initiate the jPlayer instance when the document is ready.

$(document).ready(function() {
        supplied: 'mp3',
        swfPath: 'path/to/jPlayer_swf_folder'

We pass a path to a folder containing the jPlayer SWF players for jPlayer’s Flash fallback. The browsers we support don’t need it, but it can’t hurt to be backwards-compatible if necessary. jPlayer defaults to HTML5 and will use the Flash player if the browser does not support HTML5.

jPlayer has a host of other options you can pass to the init function. Read about those in the jPlayer documentation.

Note that we haven’t passed it the file we want to play yet. We’ll do that when we activate the player on a click event. To start the audio, bind a click event to something the user will interact with. For us, this is usually a begin button.

$('.begin').on('click', setAudioMedia);

Then, define the function:

var setAudioMedia = function() {
    $('#audio-player').jPlayer('setMedia', {
        mp3: path/to/audioFile.mp3


Note that this function also plays the audio file on click. That may not be the behavior you want; if so, simply remove the .jPlayer('play') from that function.

I want to play multiple audio files in my application. Do I need a jPlayer instance for every one?

It depends. You only need as many jPlayer instances as audio files you can have playing simultaneously. Usually, that is only one. So for Songs We Love, despite having more than 300 songs in the app, we only had one jPlayer instance handling all of them. For Life After Death, we could have both ambient and narrative audio files playing simultaneously, so we needed two instances of jPlayer.

When you are ready to change the file, use the setMedia function in jPlayer. For example:

$myjPlayerInstance.jPlayer(setMedia, {
    mp3: 'path/to/audio.mp3'    

While parts of jPlayer’s API can be frustrating, the setMedia function makes hotswapping audio files extremely easy.

I’m trying to autoplay audio on my page, and it won’t play on mobile! What can I do to force the audio file to play?

My advice: Don’t autoplay an audio file. There are two reasons for this, one technical reason and one UX-based reason.

The technical reason is that mobile devices require a touch event to activate an audio file. Some have tried to offer a workaround for this by creating an empty buffer in your audio instance and simulating a touch event to activate the audio player. Don’t do this–it sometimes doesn’t work, and at worst, it hard crashes the entire device.

The UX-based reason is that you simply shouldn’t autoplay an audio file. Your user could be in a place where audio would not be appropriate, or she may want to hear the audio through speakers or headphones but has not plugged them in. At NPR, we warn users on our titlecards that audio is a part of this experience with a prompt that says, “Put on your headphones.”

What you should do is: bind the first play event on your jPlayer instance to a click event. From there, your jPlayer instance will always be active, and you can do whatever you need to do.


I’m trying to develop with audio files, and they are not playing correctly locally but work just fine on staging/production. What’s the difference?

Never use an audio file locally if you can get around it.

While web browsers all know how to play MP3s now, they all do it in slightly different ways and expect slightly different browser headers in order to interpret an audio file correctly. We have tried implementing those headers in our local Gunicorn development server and Flask app, but we never quite got it right. The problems you will usually see have to do with the browser’s inability to determine the length of the file or understand that it has to continue downloading content. Symptoms include progress bars not working and playback cutting off prematurely.

However, Amazon S3 does get the browser headers right. For all of our projects, we host our audio files on a private bucket for development, and then we deploy the audio files to our staging and production buckets when we are ready to test and launch.

The Magic of timeupdate

I want to have an event fire in my code at a certain point in my audio file. Should I use Popcorn.js?

You could. However, if you are using jPlayer, you don’t really need it.

One of the things HTML5 audio provides is a timeupdate event, which jPlayer listens to and which allows you to fire a callback function when the event fires. The timeupdate event fires about 10 times per second, which gives you pretty granular control over the exact position of your audio. With that information, you can do a variety of things.

The obvious use case is to provide a timer of how long the audio has been playing. jPlayer makes that very simple.

First, you need a DOM element to input the timer into:

<span class="timer"></span>

Then, you bind a callback function to the timeupdate event when you initialize the player.

    swfPath: 'js/lib',
    supplied: 'mp3',
    timeupdate: onTimeupdate,

Finally, you define the function:

var onTimeupdate = function(e) {
    var timeText = $.jPlayer.convertTime(e.jPlayer.status.currentTime);

When you play the audio file, this should update the <span> tag as the audio file plays.


However, the timeupdate event can be used for so much more, creating more complex scenarios of the kind that Popcorn.js tends to solve. Here is an example from A Brother And Sister In Love, an audio-driven narrative that also has sequenced visuals to accompany the story. Much like our user-driven sequential visual stories, A Brother And Sister In Love is built out of a spreadsheet, one row per slide. You can read more about that process here.

For this story, we added a column to our spreadsheet with the time in the audio file that this slide should exit the screen, called slide_end_time. When we build the slides in HTML from the spreadsheet, the slide_end_time is stored as a data attribute. For example:

<div class="slide" data-slide-end-time="{{ row.slide_end_time }}"></div>

To use that data, we need to hook up the timeupdate event to a callback function. When we initialize jPlayer, we define the callback in the options parameter:

    swfPath: 'js/lib',
    loop: false,
    supplied: 'mp3',
    timeupdate: onTimeupdate,

Then, we define the onTimeupdate function, which listens to the position of the audio at the time the event fires and compares it with the current slide’s stored end time. Note that currentIndex, a global variable set in a separate function when the slide changes, is the slide number we are currently on.

var onTimeupdate = function(e) {
    var position = e.jPlayer.status.currentTime;

    // loop through all of the slides where $slides is an array of jQuery objects of each slide
    for (var i = 0; i < $slides.length; i++) {
        var endTime = $slides.eq(i).data('slide-end-time');

        // if the position is less than the end time of the slide of this loop
        if (position < endTime) {
            // if the slide we're on has an endTime beyond our position, do nothing
            if (i === currentIndex) {
            // once we've managed to loop past the current slide, move to that slide
            else {

The possibilities of what can be done in the onTimeupdate function are numerous. We have also used it to animate subtitles and build custom UIs for audio players.

The Web Audio API

I want to visualize my audio with a waveform or spectrogram in real-time!

Hahaha, you need the Web Audio API. (See below.)

I want users to be able to interact with my audio and actually change how it sounds!

Hahaha, you need the Web Audio API. (See below.)

I want to control the volume of my audio based on events in my JavaScript, even on mobile!

Hahaha, you need the Web Audio API. (See below.) (Note: HTML5 audio cannot control volume on mobile, as mobile devices will not allow you access to system volume.)

Why are you laughing at me when I need the Web Audio API?

I just think it’s funny that we have all these great ideas about what we can do with audio, and we can’t do them yet. But there is hope: The Web Audio API promises to completely transform how we work with audio in the browser in ways that go well beyond HTML5. Unfortunately, it is still “the future” because, even though Chrome, Firefox, and Safari all support it, it is not currently supported in any version of Internet Explorer, and performance on mobile is still unpredictable.

Think of the Web Audio API less like a stereo and more like a recording studio. Rather than putting an audio file in the stereo and pressing play, you take the audio file and make it just one input on your mixing board–just a signal of audio data. Then, on your mixing board, you can change the sensitivity of the signal, alter how the signal is processed, and analyze the signal. You can add other inputs, and not just from audio files. You can use a device’s microphone or line-in inputs as well.

It is still early for the Web Audio API, but the benefits of using it are already clear to me, including:

  • The ability to control volume on mobile. Because mobile devices will not allow you to control the system audio, you cannot control the volume of HTML5 audio. With the Web Audio API, you control the gain, or sensitivity, of the input, rather than the volume of the device. Thus, you can turn down the gain of your audio file, making it sound quieter on any device.
  • The ability to visualize audio. From spectrograms to waveform displays, visualizing audio makes many intricate things about audio understandable.
  • The ability to have audio respond to user interaction. The possibilities here are pretty endless, but take a look at this virtual guitar pedalboard for an example.

You may have failed with the Web Audio API, but I am a better developer than you! I’ll make it work!

This is probably true.

The best library I have seen for working with Web Audio is howler.js. It is built by a game developer for game developers, so its architecture is a little funny for narrative storytelling, and it does a lot of strange things to get around mobile’s autoplay restrictions.

That being said, it works really well on desktop browsers that support Web Audio, and even most mobile browsers! However, my apps using Howler would crash the entire device every time I opened it in an iOS in-app browser or anything that wasn’t iOS Safari. That means iOS Chrome, or opening a link in Facebook or Twitter. That accounts for at least 20 percent of our traffic to a given app, so this is an unacceptable bug.

I haven’t worked out whether the failure is due to Web Audio or Howler.

I Scrolled for This?

You expected me to read 2,000 words about audio in the browser? I just scrolled down for the kicker. What’s the synopsis?

  • Years after it was promised, HTML5 audio is a stable and working thing, for the most part. You can give an MP3 file to an <audio> tag and expect it to play in all modern browsers.
  • Use jPlayer if you want a JavaScript library; it is the most tried-and-true library out there. It even provides a nice Flash fallback if you need to support super-old browsers like IE8.
  • If you can, host your audio files somewhere (I recommend Amazon S3) even when you are developing locally. This will get around a lot of headaches regarding browser headers and range requests.
  • Don’t autoplay on page load. Ever.
  • The timeupdate event native to HTML5 audio is really powerful and can be used to fire events in your JavaScript, based on the position of the audio file using jPlayer. See the jPlayer docs.
  • The Web Audio API, which basically puts a recording studio in the browser, is almost here!

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Archeomatica 1 2015




E' pubblicato online il Numero 1 2015 di Archeomatica - Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali. Il numero si apre con una riflessione sull' "Internet dei Monumenti", per poi approfondire la presentazione di casi applicativi sul rilievo e la ricostruzione 3D, la valorizzazione dei Giganti di Mont'e Prama mediante modelli 3D, il restauro archeologico e librario virtuale, la realtà aumentata a Palazzo Ducale a Urbino, la stampa 3D per i beni culturali, la ricostruzione tridimensionale dell'antica città romana di Regium Lepidi.

In copertina il modello numerico tridimensionale della testa del Kouros, in una vista unificata delle mesh e della superficie texturizzata, risultante dal rilievo laser eseguito con la strumentazione della digi. Art basata sulla tecnologia “MultiStripe Laser Triangulation (MLT)” della Next Engine con una precisione del dato fino a 0.02 cm. Il modello tridimensionale definitivo è ottenuto dalla fusione di due operazioni di rilievo con elaborazione dei dati attraverso il software per la scultura digitale ZBrush della Pixologic.


In questo numero:


- Internet dei Monumenti, ovvero a ciascuno il suo indirizzo IP, di Michele Fasolo


- Il Kouros di Reggio - Due ipotesi ricostruttive, di Simonetta Bonomi, Maurizio Paoletti e Rosanna Pesce

- Digital Mont’e Prama: dalla digitalizzazione accurata alla valorizzazione di uno straordinario complesso statuario di Enrico Gobbetti, Ruggero Pintus, Fabio Bettio, Fabio Marton, Marco Agus e Marcos Balsa Rodriguez


- Restauro archeologico e restauro librario - Due Diverse applicazioni del restauro virtuale per la conservazione del patrimonio dei Beni Culturali, di Giulia Dionisio, Anna Margherita Jasink, Giovanna Lazzi e Daniele Licari

- Due taccuini romani di disegni: un’idea della smart-city di fine Seicento, di Francesca Salvemini

- 3DZ: Soluzioni innovative per la stampa 3D, a cura di 3DZ

- Mobile e Realtà Aumentata al Palazzo Ducale di Urbino: il museo è digitale, di Ramona Quattrini, Roberto Pierdicca, Emanuele Frontoni, Paolo Clini

- Regium@Lepidi 2200 Project, di Maurizio Forte e Nevio Danelon




AZIENDE E PRODOTTI - Soluzioni allo stato dell'Arte


AGORA' - Notizie dal mondo delle Tecnologie per i Beni culturali



I singoli articoli sono disponibili per gli autori in Open Access QUI



Scienza nei beni culturali: network fra ricerca, aziende ed enti

L’Associazione Italiana di Archeometria sarà presente alla prossima edizione del Salone del Restauro di Ferrara che si terrà dal 6 al 9 maggio 2015 presso il Quartiere fieristico di Ferrara. Oltre che con uno stand in cui saranno presenti soci e collaboratori dell’AIAr per presentare le attività dell’Associazione, è in programma per venerdì 8 maggio un incontro dal titolo: “C’è lavoro per la scienza nei beni culturali? Un network fra ricerca, aziende ed enti“.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Archeomatica

ISSN: 2037-2485

Archeomatica è una nuova rivista multidisciplinare, stampata in Italia, dedicata alla presentazione e alla diffusione di metodologie avanzate, tecnologie emergenti e tecniche per la conoscenza, la documentazione, salvaguardia, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale.

La rivista si propone di pubblicare articoli di valore significativo e duraturo scritti da ricercatori, archeologi, storici, conservatori e restauratori coinvolti in questo settore, per la diffusione di nuove metodologie specifiche e dei risultati sperimentali. Archeomatica solleciterà il dibattito costruttivo sulle ultime applicazioni scientifiche, per il confronto di idee  e delle scoperte relazionate ad ogni aspetto del settore dei beni culturali.

Archeomatica è destinata anche ad essere una fonte primaria di informazioni multidisciplinari e di divulgazione per il settore del patrimonio culturale.

CopertinaArcheomatica 1 2015 160   
Number 1 - March 2015   

Cover Archeomatica 1 2014 160Cover Archeomatica 2 2014 Archive Cover Archeomatica 3 2014-210 Cover Archeomatica 4 2014 160 
Number 1 - March 2014Number 2 - June 2014  Number 3 - September 2014 Number 4 - December 2014
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dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

POST: We’re Overdue on Altmetrics for the Digital Humanities

Stacey Konkiel (Altmetric) has written a post reflecting on her recent efforts to understand how research in the humanities is evaluated, with an eye towards the digital humanities in particular.

Observing that scholarly societies have begun to issue guidelines for evaluating digital scholarship projects, Konkiel notes that they:

tend not to address newer types of quantitative and qualitative data, sourced from the web, that can help reviewers understand the full scope of the impacts your work may have. This data can include newer impact metrics like numbers of website visitors, what other scholars are saying about your work on their research blogs and social media, how many members of the public have reviewed your books on GoodReads and Amazon, and so on.

Konkiel’s post includes links and slides from her recent presentations on this topic, and she invites readers to contribute to a conversation on where altmetrics might fit into the humanities.

POST: Digital Texas Round-Up!

Charlotte Nunes (Southwestern University) has written a round-up of two Texas digital scholarship conferences: the Texas Digital Humanities Conference and the Texas Conference on Digital Libraries.

Chock full of links to projects and presentations, Nunes’s post covers presentations from Tanya Clement, Rebecca Frost Davis, Liz Grumbach, Adeline Koh, Alan Liu, Bess Sadler, George Siemens, and more.

CFParticipation: The Future of Crowdsourcing

The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) invite “interested members of the public” to participate in a discussion on the future of crowdsourcing, to take place May 6-8, 2015. “Engaging the Public: Best Practices in Crowdsourcing across the Disciplines” will “bring together by invitation over 60 stakeholders from the humanities, sciences, and cultural heritage domains to share their experiences managing digital projects that invite contributions from virtual volunteers.”

Selected presentations will be livestreamed and tweeted using the hashtag #crowdcon.

CFP: Journal of Digital and Media Literacy

The Journal of Digital and Media Literacy invites submissions for its Winter 2015 issue, due by July 1, 2015.

JoDML explores the ways people use technology to create, sustain, and impact communities on local, national, and global levels. Our content examines how civic leaders, media practitioners, scholars, and educators engage with all aspects of digital and media literacy throughout the communities in which they work, live, and serve.

Submission types include research articles, digital projects, digital tools reviews, book reviews, and “voices from the field,” in which “practitioners  working with technology (media producers, educators, digital artists, archivists, etc.) are invited to share their experiences, case studies, and best practices related to digital and media literacy.”

JOB: Digital Initiatives Librarian, Salem State University

From the announcement:

The Digital Initiatives Librarian will provide leadership and vision in planning, implementing, managing and growing digital initiatives that support the mission of the library and the university. The digital initiatives librarian will provide specialized reference services, deliver library instruction sessions, create instructional materials, and develop the library’s collections. The incumbent will participate in library instruction and information literacy initiatives and contribute to technical services operations.

JOB: Head of Digital Preservation, New York Public Library

From the announcement:

The Head of Digital Preservation will lead efforts to create a long-term digital preservation strategy, establishing the policies and procedures that address the preservation of the digital assets the Library collects and generates. For over a decade, the Library has made significant investments in digitizing distinctive collections and building online systems to provide access worldwide. It has digitized over 800,000 images, which are available through its innovative Digital Collections and Archives & Manuscripts platforms. More recently, the Library has begun digital reformatting as its means of preserving its world-renowned audio and moving image collections and it has established a digital archives program to pursue and manage important born-digital collections. The Library has plans to substantially increase its activities in all three of these areas.

Ethan Gruber (Numishare)

Major photographic updates to OCRE

Much progress has been made recently in photographically covering the American Numismatic Society collection for the Roman imperial department. By using some NEH funding to hire a photographer to focus mainly on Roman imperial coins in a more high-speed workflow, photos for more than 7,000 Roman imperial coins have been captured over the last six months or so.

These images have finally pushed through the main image processing workflow and are now available online. The Nomisma.org SPARQL endpoint has been updated with the latest dump from Mantis to reflect these additions. Furthermore, more than 1,100 new links to OCRE have been made from the ANS collection from RIC Volumes I to IV. Nearly 15,300 coins from the ANS are now linked in OCRE, up from just over 14,000 previously. Furthermore, the photographic coverage has been extended from 3,499 coins in our collection to about 12,000.

Lastly, we have pushed the first portion of RIC Volume V into OCRE. These are the coins from during Valerian's life, from his sole reign to joint reign with his son, Gallienus. We have not yet linked physical specimens from the ANS or other museum collections into these RIC V URIs yet, but look for this to be done in the next week or two. For now, you can take a look at the types at http://numismatics.org/ocre/results?q=recordId:ric.5*.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Adventures in Podcasting 9: What’s in your bag?

In this week’s episode, Bill asks Richard “what’s in your pack”, and we discuss equipment, and then we transition to “what’s in your truck.”  We transition to stories of the legendary Ohio State University at Isthmia Van, and discuss the archaeology of stuff field archaeologists leave behind.

We have two inspirations for this week’s podcast.  ASOR series has a fun series: “What’s in your dig bag.” And Bristol carried out the most amazing archaeology of a van project:  The Van/InTransit.   Be sure to watch the van movie.  And some van blogging.

Since Richard had a chance to talk about what’s in his field bag, I thought I’d add my bag’s contents here. (I did a version of this a few years ago with my more serious bag). I’m a survey archaeologist who works in the Mediterranean so my bag tends to be a bit less comprehensive than Richard:

  1. GPS unit. After my long-serving Gecko was stolen, I’ve upgraded to a Garmin Oregon 600. In the Western Argolid, we upload aerial photographs to the Oregon 600. 
  2. A couple cameras: My main field camera is the Panasonic GX-1 with a good lens. The days of carrying heavy, more delicate DSLR in the field are more or less over for all but the most determined archaeologists.  I’ll also carry a Cannon ELPH 135 which cost about $80 on Amazon.
  3. Rite-in-the-Rain notebook. I used the No. 374.
  4. Zebra pens. I insist on using Zebra pens pronounced as in this R-rated video or as in the name Debra. 
  5. A cheap Suunto compass.
  6. A “click-click-click” meter stick.
  7. A north arrow.
  8.  iPhone 6. 
  9. Copy of my permit.
  10. Snacks!

A Special Request to Isthmia Alumni:  Please send us your white van stories!  Seriously –  we want to write this history and we need your input.  Fire drills in the village of damned!  Squirting Bill and Dave with the windshield wipers!  Fire!  Mountain road turn arounds!  Trips to Epidavros!   richard.rothaus at gmail.com.

[It’s a busy week in ND, with Bill prepping for a field season and Richard doing suit-wearing type activities at the State Capital, so consider this a keyword list, not prose].

High points include:

Bill prompting Richard to keep the episode moving along.

Richard explains his “dig bag” and backpack contents.

Bill refers to Richard’s bag as a “stable entity”

Whirl-pak bags (Richard lied – he doesn’t use 5 mil).

Richard explains his technique to label photos with a white board, and Bill asks a critical question.

Bill discusses the importance of tags and how to get them right.

Richard mocks North American archaeologists

Bill and Richard discuss why notebooks and pencils.

Soil Knife, and the less useful obnoxious Ka-Bar.

Richard shares a grave desecration anecdote.  Bonus:  “A Local Mecca For Research” tells about those crazy days of Mille Lacs research.

Bill discusses why Richard really should carry pin flags.

Panty wipes, horsey tape, super glue, aspirin, steroids and first aid kits for real archaeologists.


Compass clinometers.

Bill points out the “black turtleneck” principle (no, not that “black turtleneck”).

We discuss that archaeology of field vehicles and what archaeologists leave behind.

Richard and Bill tell the secret tales of abusing the generosity of the OSU Isthmia excavation vehicles, and learning how to be self-sufficient archaeological grownups.

Bill explains how city design impacts the location of bus stations and hotels through amusing stories.

Bill and Richard talk about how travel difficulties and how they make partnerships strained.

Driving through fires!

Secrets of owning a vehicle as a foreigner immersed in a Byzantine bureaucracy.With actual lead seals!


Toward the end we tell THE CARBURETOR STORY and THE STOLEN BACKPACK stories.  They are epic.

Dimitri Nakassis on wandering and why he likes archaeology.

We conclude discussing why real archaeologists drive manly trucks.


Episode Postscript:  Richard had an on-air epiphany when he realizes he did something terrible to Bill, and that event hardly registered in his memory.  Listen to get the story, but here is some additional information Paige Rothaus provides: The event occurred the year the Gypsies asked us how to use a passport to get to America.  That means this was the year Richard was doing a great deal of work at Lechaion and he befriended the young men at the Gypsy camp so that he could leave his equipment around and not have it “disappear.”  By the way, Romani is a better term than “Gypsies”, but no one understands what you are saying if you use “Romani”.)


The opening track on the podcast is 80-R’s Pacific Rim.You can listen to it in its entirely here.



Richard’s Equipment List


The front of the OSU Isthmia van, with a very young Bill Caraher and backpack (which probably he doesn’t have anymore [Bill note: actually that’s the replacement backpack, which I do still use!]), and David Pettegrew with backpack (and very handy belly pouch) and, um, a fine staff member.


The back of the OSU Isthmia Van, with Richard Rothaus and Carol Stein planning some awesome discovery.  Also – notice the tool belt.  For many years I was a tool belt and canteen guy.  That works when you have minions to carry things for you. Richard once left his pack on the wrong side of a mountain and everyone got an extra 2 hrs in the van to remedy the error.  After that, a minion was assigned to “always know where Richard’s bag is.”


The OSU Van with Sam Fee, Nathan Meyer, Dan Pullen, and, um, a fine staff member.  This is after the van caught on fire.  Again.  A “Call for help if this van bursts into flame” sticker has just been attached.


The OSU Van slumming.


The Grey Escort!  With Tom Tartaron, who apparently just spray painted Συν[ασπισμός] on a rock.  Συνασπισμός is one the many Greek political parties.


The OSU van with Ed Reinhardt, um, a fine McMaster Student, Amber Demorett, Lee Anderson, Ben Rothaus and Richard Rothaus.  We are tieing metal tubes onto the van so Dr. Reinhardt can do vibracoring in one of the Korinthian marshes.


Oh no!  Greece is on fire and Richard needs to get to the airport, or ice cream, or something.


Richard ‘s Truck

Bill’s Truck

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

New Book from the Oriental Institute: Household Studies in Complex Societies: (Micro) Archaeological and Textual Approaches

OIS 10. Household Studies in Complex Societies: (Micro) Archaeological and Textual Approaches

Edited by Miriam Müller

 Download Terms of Use
Household Archaeology in Complex Societies coverThe volume is the result of the ninth annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Postdoc Seminar, held on March 16-17, 2013. Twenty scholars specialized in the Old and New World from all over Europe and the U.S. came together to find new approaches in the study of households in complex societies. The papers in this volume present case studies from the Near East, Egypt and Nubia, the Classical World, and Mesoamerica, including three comparative responses from the perspective of the different disciplines. By combining the archaeology record, scientific data, and written documents, the papers examine and contextualize different approaches and techniques in uncovering household behavior from the material record and discuss their suitability for the respective region and site. Building on the methodological groundwork laid out in a number of recent publications on household archaeology, the volume contributes to the methodological and theoretical discussion, expands on the topics of society, identity, and ethnicity in household studies, and opens up new avenues of research such as the perception of space in this innovative field. At the same time the papers reveal problems and disparities with which household archaeology is still struggling. It is hoped that the variety of case studies presented in this volume will further inspire the interested reader to establish new research agendas and excavation strategies that contribute to the development of the field in the various regions covered in the different papers and beyond.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Household Studies in Complex Societies: (Micro) Archaeological and Textual Approaches. Miriam Müller
PART I: Method and Theory
1. Investigating Traces of Everyday Life in Ancient Households: Some Methodological Considerations. Lynn Rainville
2. Activity-area Analysis: A Comprehensive Theoretical Model. Peter Pfälzner
3. How to Reconstruct Daily Life in a Near Eastern Settlement: Possibilities and Constraints of a Combined Archaeological, Historical,
and Scientific Approach. Adelheid Otto
4. Ancient Egyptian Houses and Households: Architecture, Artifacts, Conceptualization, and Interpretation. Kate Spence
5. Artifact Assemblages in Classical Greek Domestic Contexts: Toward a New Approach. Lisa C. Nevett

PART II: Perception of Space
6. Interaction between Texts and Social Space in Mesopotamian Houses: A Movement and Sensory Approach. Paolo Brusasco
7. Clean and Unclean Space: Domestic Waste Management at Elephantine. Felix Arnold
8. Creating a Neighborhood within a Changing Town: Household and Other Agencies at Amara West in Nubia. Neal Spencer
9. Crucial Contexts: A Closer Reading of the Household of the Casa del Menandro at Pompeii. Jens-Arne Dickmann

PART III: Identity and Ethnicity
10. Private House or Temple? Decoding Patterns of the Old Babylonian Architecture. Peter A. Miglus
11. Hybrid Households: Institutional Affiliations and Household Identity in the Town of Wah-sut (South Abydos). Nicholas Picardo
12. Living in Households, Constructing Identities: Ethnicity, Boundaries, and Empire in Iron Ii Tell en-Nasbeh. Aaron J. Brody
13. Micro-archaeological Perspectives on the Philistine Household throughout the Iron Age and Their Implications. Aren M. Maeir

PART IV: Society
14. Property Title, Domestic Architecture, and Household Lifecycles in Egypt. Brian P. Muhs
15. Late Middle Kingdom Society in a Neighborhood of Tell el-Dabʿa/Avaris. Miriam Müller
16. Family Structure, Household Cycle, and the Social Use of Domestic Space in Urban Babylonia. Heather D. Baker
17. Reconstructing Houses and Archives in Early Islamic Jēme. Tasha Vorderstrasse

PART V: Responses
18. Social Conditions in the Ancient Near East: Houses and Households in Perspective. Elizabeth C. Stone
19. Multifunctionality and Hybrid Households: The Case of Ancient Egypt. Nadine Moeller
20. A Mesoamerican Perspective on Old World Household Studies in Complex Societies. Cynthia Robin

  • Oriental Institute Seminars 10
  • Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2015
  • ISBN 978-1-61491-023-7
  • Pp. xlii + 470; 208 illustrations
  • $25.95

For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

A San Vincenzo Volturno una Archeo Scuola con tecnologie di documentazione archeologica

Sono aperte le iscrizioni alla prima edizione dell’Archeo Scuola “San Vincenzo al Volturno: alla scoperta della città monastica”, organizzata dal LATEM (Laboratorio di Archeologia Tardoantica e Medievale) dell’Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli, in collaborazione con AM’ARTE (Associazione Museale Arte ed Archeologia), che si terrà presso il sito archeologico di San Vincenzo al Volturno (IS) dal 26 luglio al 5 settembre 2015.

Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

Who needs an osteologist? (Installment 25)

Welp, looks like Florida Man found a creepy faux-historical Nic-Cage-worthy diorama in his grandparents' attic: a skeletonized hand(?) with a ring and some fake coins wired together, complete with an old-timey map.  He brought it to a local historical society, and doesn't seem like any osteologists or, heck, medical doctors or x-ray techs have examined it.  Because the easiest way to tell if it's a human hand is to look at the joint at the base of the thumb.  Opposability, y'all!

I tried my best to stop the video and look more closely at the "hand" but failed.  From what I can see from the pics at the link below, the carpal area looks... weird.  The distal portions of the metacarpals look... weird.  More animal-like than human-like.

And why is the ring on the metacarpal?  So many questions.

Here's a picture, but there are more at this link.  What do you all think?  Clearly, this guy needs an osteologist.  Maybe someone down there at USF wants to reach out to him and offer to look at it?  Heck, if he wants to bring it up here, I'd be happy to check it out and run it through our xray machine.

But I just have to say... of *course* Tampa.

(Also, h/t to Carlina de la Cova for this link.)

Previous Installments of Who needs an osteologist?

April 29, 2015

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Call for 2015-2016 Cultural Heritage Informatics Graduate Fellowship Applications

The Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative invites applications for its 2015-2016 Cultural Heritage Informatics Fellowship program.

The Cultural Heritage Informatics Fellowships offer MSU graduate students in departments and programs with an emphasis on cultural heritage (Anthropology, History, Art History, Museum Studies, Historical & Cultural Geography, Classics, etc.) the theoretical and methodological skills necessary to creatively apply information, computing, and communication technologies to cultural heritage materials. In addition, the fellowships provide graduate students with the opportunity to influence the current state of cultural heritage informatics, and become leaders for the future of cultural heritage informatics.

During the course of their fellowship (which lasts an academic year), students will collaboratively develop a significant and innovative cultural heritage informatics project. Projects might include (but are certainly not limited to) a serious game, a mobile application, a digital archive, or a collaborative digital publication. To support their work, fellows will receive a stipend of $2000per semester. In addition, fellows will have the opportunity to be appointed as assistants during the Cultural Heritage Informatics Field School (offered during the summer through the Anthropology Department), for which they will receive an additional $1000 stipend. As the fellows will be expected to present their work at professional conferences and meetings, they will receive an additional $1000 in travel funds. All fellows will be in residence at MATRIX: The Center for Digital Humanities & Social Sciences. While applicants may have previous technical experience, such experience is not required to apply.

For more information, including eligibility and application requirements, check out the full program description. Deadline for applications is July 6, 5pm EST.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Pleiades Data for Download

 [First posted in AWOL 18 October 2013, updated 29 April 2015]

Pleiades Data for Download
Creators: Sean Gillies
Contributors: Brian Turner, Tom Elliott
Copyright © The Contributors. Sharing and remixing permitted under terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (cc-by).
Last modified Mar 19, 2014 11:47 AM
Get complete and regular shapshots of all Pleiades resources, available in multiple formats including CSV, KML, and RDF.

CSV Tables

Each morning, tables summarizing published locations, names, and places are written to gzipped CSV files at http://atlantides.org/downloads/pleiades/dumps/. Text in these files is UTF-8 encoded; some CSV readers (e.g., Microsoft Excel) assume ASCII encoding for CSV files, so be careful!
We keep a week's worth of files, deleting older ones. The files named pleiades-*-latest.csv.gz are symbolically linked to the most recent catalog dumps. The schemas of these files are documented in a README. The resources under http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/ remain the canonical ancient world resources; the contents of the tables are only thin slices. The recently modified page or its corresponding RSS feed are the best ways to track what is changing in these daily dumps.
In addition to the individual resource editorial workflow, the Pleiades project is developing a workflow for updating resources in bulk using modified subsets of these dumped tables. After manipulating the names table in Google Refine, we've successfully updated the attested time periods of 2071 ancient names. We expect to be able to guide tables modified by users through this same process soon.


All mappable places are read from our catalog and written to a zipped KML (KMZ) file each morning. We keep a week's worth of files at http://atlantides.org/downloads/pleiades/kml/ and delete older ones.


The latest data for all places, errata, authors, place types, and time periods in a compressed tar archive is available at http://atlantides.org/downloads/pleiades/rdf/pleiades-latest.tar.gz. Previous dumps are also available at http://atlantides.org/downloads/pleiades/rdf/.
Data for individual places can be had from links on the place pages, such as http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885/turtle for Athens, or by a negotiated request for the resource http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/579885#this. Please see the README in https://github.com/isawnyu/pleiades-rdf for a description of the RDF and the vocabularies and ontologies used.

Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network

Pleiades data can also be downloaded from the CKAN Data Hub: http://thedatahub.org/dataset/pleiades.

Pleiades Plus

Pleiades Plus is an experimental machine alignment between Pleiades place resources and content in the Geonames Gazetteer. It pairs Pleiades URIs with Geonames URIs when a given pair seems likely to identify the same place. This alignment was conceived and prototyped by Leif Isaksen (University of Southampton/Pelagios Project) under the auspices of the Google Ancient Places project (you can read the original announcement from 2011 on the GAP Blog). The current version is produced daily by Ryan Baumann (Duke Collaboratory for Classics Computing). Code and data are available from https://github.com/ryanfb/pleiades-plus. You can download the latest versions of the data at http://atlantides.org/downloads/pleiades/plus/. There is also an essential README file.

Archaeogaming: Exploring the archaeology of (and in) video games

Archaeogaming: Exploring the archaeology of (and in) video games
Archaeogaming is a blog dedicated to the discussion of the archaeology both of and in video games (console, computer, mobile, etc.). If a game uses archaeology in some way (like the Archaeology skill in World of Warcraft), we’ll discuss it here. If the design and function of pottery, textiles, and architecture vary between iterations of a game (e.g., Elder Scrolls), we’ll discuss it here. If a game contains an archaeologist character class or NPC (non-player character), we’ll discuss it here. We’ll review games containing (or about) archaeology, too.

If you’d like to write a game review or contribute a guest post, please email archaeogaming@gmail.com.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Tre giorni full immersion nelle tecnologie innovative per i Beni culturali

I Beni Culturali saranno protagonisti al Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2015 in programma a Roma dal 12 al 14 maggio 2015. L' evento si aprirà infatti il 12 maggio con un workshop in campo presso la prestigiosa area archeologica dei Mercati di Traiano, dove professionisti e studiosi potranno vedere all’opera strumenti, software, sensori per la documentazione, il monitoraggio e tecnologie per la valorizzazione. 

Iscriviti al Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2015

12 maggio 2015 TECHNOLOGYforALL – Mercati di Traiano (Roma)

La giornata di test in campo nell'area messa a disposizione dalla Sovraintendenza Archeologica del Comune di Roma, sarà l'occasione per vedere all'opera le ultime tecnologie per il rilievo: laser scanner, stazioni fotogrammetriche e stazioni totali, sistemi GPS e Georadar. Ad accompagnare i visitatori presso le diverse postazioni allestite dalle aziende, sarà un gruppo di esperti che illustrerà le diverse tecnologie, l'approccio metodologico, le problematiche connesse e gli obiettivi che ci si prefigge nella giornata di test. L’accesso all’area archeologica dei Mercati di Traiano sarà consentito, per gli iscritti al Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL, dietro il pagamento di un biglietto ridotto rispetto al biglietto standard di visita previsto per il sito. L’ingresso è situato in Via IV Novembre al numero 94.

La Conferenza del 13 e 14 maggio presso il Centro Congressi Frentani "Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali" in contemporanea con la conferenze "Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio", "Dalla città storica alla smart city" permetterà di approfondire la conoscenza delle applicazioni di tecnologie innovative per la documentazione, valorizzazione e fruizione dei beni culturali.

13 maggio 2015 TECHNOLOGYforALL – Centro Congressi Frentani (Roma)

Il 13 maggio la giornata comincerà alle ore 9.30 con la Sessione Plenaria del Forum. Interverranno l’Arch. Giovanni Biallo e il Dott. Alfonso Quaglione (MediaGEO):

  • Arch. Antonia Pasqua Recchia - Segretario Generale del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo;
  • Ing. Elio Catania – Presidente di Confindustria Digitale;
  • Prof. Mattia Crespi – Facoltà di Ingegneria dell’Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”;
  • Prof.ssa Renata Paola Dameri – Università di Genova, Consulente personale del Sindaco di Genova, CTI Liguria;
  • Dott. Augusto Palombini – CNR Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali.

Seguiranno le diverse sessioni dedicate alle tecnologie per i beni culturali e le diverse applicazioni:

Sessione: “Nuove modalità di fruizione dei beni culturali” 
Ore 11.30 – 18.00
Nella Conferenza “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Moderatore: Sofia Pescarin (CNR Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali) e Michele Fasolo (Direttore Responsabile Archeomatica)

• Applicazioni Open Virtual Heritage: da strumenti per la ricerca a spazi virtuali emozionali e partecipativi– Antonella Guidazzoli (CINECA) 
• Scuola "a Rete" in Digital Cultural Heritage, Arts and Humanities - Carmine Marinucci (Associazione delle Istituzioni di Cultura Italiane)
• I beacons e la fruizione digitale dei musei: il caso di Palazzo Farnese e IMApp - Francesca Fabbri (Musei di Palazzo Farnese), Marco Boeri (Ultraviolet App) 
• Al museo con... Patrimoni narrati per musei accoglienti – Vito Lattanzi (Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo)
• Mappatura del museo di Monaco: come usare il posizionamento tipo Gps senza Gps – Simone Orlandini (Microgeo)
• Valorizzazione i beni culturali attraverso la Realtà Virtuale, soluzioni a confronto - Adele Magnelli (ETT S.p.A.)
• Il recupero di materiale Bibliografico e Archivistico antico finalizzato alla conservazione e valorizzazione mediante Internet - Fabiano Santini (Bucap)
• Il Museo Virtuale della Valle del Tevere e Lucus Feroniae: verso una nuova convergenza tra realtà virtuale, paradigmi cinematografici, interazione naturale e realtà aumentata - Eva Pietroni (CNR Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali)
• La Fabbricazione Digitale per i Beni Culturali: il rilievo e la stampa 3d per la conservazione, la valorizzazione e la divulgazione – Giulio Bigliardi (3D Archeolab)
• E-difici: dove siamo, dove potremmo essere, dove vorremmo essere nell'applicazione delle tecniche 3D per la valorizzazione del patrimonio - Alberto Sardo, Nadia Guardini (CAM2 srl)
• Mostre, musei e tecnologie. Come cambiare la valorizzazione del bene culturale - Enrico Longo (Cultour Active Srl)

Workshop tecnico di Esri Italia: “La piattaforma ArcGIS: anywhere any time, any device”
Ore 11.30 – 12.30
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Dalla città storica alla smart city”

Relatore: Giorgio Forti
La Piattaforma ArcGIS è l’insieme di componenti integrate tra loro, quali mappe, strumenti di analisi, applicazioni e dati. Ma sono le persone a dare il vero valore aggiunto grazie alla capacità di organizzare, analizzare, comprendere, condividere i risultati, per prendere decisioni più consapevoli e in tempo reale, accelerando l'innovazione nella propria azienda. La versatilità di ArcGIS copre tutte le esigenze in questo ambito, dalle più semplici alle più complicate, garantendo sempre ampi margini di evoluzione. I modelli di riferimento sono “Standard, Interoperabilità, Scalabilità, Usabilità”. In questo workshop mostreremo le componenti della Piattaforma Esri nel suo insieme e i processi per garantire risultati immediati , inoltre daremo alcune anticipazioni sulle prossime versioni.

Sessione: “Metodi e strumenti per acquisire e stampare in 3D” 
Ore 16.30 – 18.00
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

• L'arte del restauro con le nuove tecnologie di scansione e stampa 3D – Giulio Bigliardi (3D Archeolab) 
• Documentazione 3d a supporto dell’analisi strutturale dei sottotetti di edifici storici - Gino Zibordi e Giuseppe Boselli (Geogrà srl)
• Fossile di balena stampato in 3D – Vincenzo Niro (3DZ)
• Le nuove Tecnologie Digitali a supporto del nostro Patrimonio storico/artistico - Danilo Salzano (Measure 3D)

Creative Lab: Modella il futuro “Crea workflow automatici con i dati geospaziali”
Ore 14.00 – 18.00
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio”, “Dalla città storica alla smart city” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Ideare, progettare e sviluppare flussi di lavoro automatizzati in ambito geospaziale, usando dati geografici Open, per produrre informazioni a supporto dei processi decisionali. I partecipanti del Creative Lab, adottando il Model Maker di ERDAS IMAGINE, potranno ideare, progettare e realizzare workflow standardizzati e ripetibili per risolvere un problema applicativo o adoperarsi per sviluppare una soluzione particolarmente richiesta dal mercato. Per gli ambiti applicativi c’è solo l’imbarazzo della scelta. Per favorire l’utilizzo del Model Maker, durante il Lab sarà realizzata una specifica attività di training. Inoltre, saranno fornite indicazioni su come ricercare e reperire dati open a supporto della creazione del modello.

14 maggio 2015 TECHNOLOGYforALL – Centro Congressi Frentani (Roma)

Il 14 maggio 2015 le tre Conferenze proseguiranno con ulteriori sessioni dedicate e i workshop delle aziende.

Sessione: “Strumenti e tecnologie di analisi e rilievo” 
Ore 9.30 – 13.00
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Moderatore: Gianluca Pititto (Direttore Responsabile www.rivistageomedia.it)
• Keynote introduttiva “Nuove metodologie ICT per il monitoraggio ed il controllo dei fenomeni di dissesto sul Patrimonio Culturale” – Daniele Spizzichino (ISPRA Ambiente)
• Indagini con sensori iperspettrali per il monitoraggio ambientale: dalla scala di laboratorio alle piattaforme aeree - Monica Moroni (Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale "La Sapienza" Università di Roma), Raffaele Battaglini (TerreLogiche srl)
• Come integrare in un tablet fotogrammetria e laser scanner – Simone Orlandini (Microgeo)
• Reti di ricevitori GNSS a singola frequenza e basso costo per il monitoraggio geofisico e strutturale - Davide Curone, Massimiliano Chersich, Marco Osmo (Esri Italia SpA)
• Il presente ed il futuro dei sensori e del software per le analisi e i rilievi da satellite – Massimo Zotti (Planetek Italia)
• Il mobilemapping a supporto della topografia classica - Giuseppe Boselli e Stefano Settimo (Geogrà srl)
• Strumenti e metodologie per la documentazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale. Casi di studio a confronto - Sergio Di Tondo (Microgeo srl)
• Le soluzioni di Leica Geosystems per l’acquisizione e il monitoraggio 3D del patrimonio storico-monumentale - Valentina Albano, Michele Curuni (Leica Geosystems SpA) 
• Come restaurare una maschera dell’Antica Roma usando uno scanner di 3DZ - Fabio Mosca (3DZ) 
• Laser scanner e fotogrammetria digitale terrestre per una innovativa fruizione e conoscenza dei Beni Culturali - Vito Leonardo Chiechi (Digitarca snc - SIT srl)

  • Utilizzo di tecnologie avanzate di rilievo per aree archeologiche e siti inquinati - Donato Marcantonio (Trimble), Paolo Marras (Aermatica)

Workshop Tecnico Geomax : Sistemi Laser Scanner Topografici - Gestione del Rilievo con il Software XPAD
Ore 9.30 – 10.30
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Il workshop illustra come poter utilizzare i sistemi laser scanner per tutte le tipologie di rilievo topografico, anche di tipo catastale. Mediante l’integrazione di dati provenienti da diverse strumentazioni di rilievo come GPS, Scanner e Immagini è possibile significativamente ridurre i tempi di acquisizione in campo e disporre di tutti i dati per la restituzione in ufficio.

Sessione: “Droni tuttofare - equipaggiamenti e potenzialità”
Ore 16.30 – 18.00
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio”, “Dalla città storica alla smart city” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Moderatore: Luca Masali (direttore responsabile Dronezine – la prima rivista italiana di droni)

  • Scenari di mercato per l’impiego degli UVS - Fabrizio De Fabritiis (Dronitaly)
  • Dalla progettazione e lo sviluppo, all’impiego sul campo: i droni come esempio di integrazione tecnologica - Gabriele Santiccioli (FlyTop srl)
  • Soluzioni rugged al servizio di professionisti, Usabilità e performance, la ricetta per i voli specializzati da droni - Stefano Parisini (Bancolini Symbol srl)
  • Vettori, sensori e software per il processo fotogrammetrico - Francesca Ceccaroni (Menci Software)

Sessione: “Smart Cultural Heritage”
Ore 14.30 – 16.00
Nella Conferenza “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali” Nella Conferenza “Dalla città storica alla smart city”

Moderatore: Anna Conticello (Responsabile dell’Ufficio del Segretario Generale del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo)

• GIS, WebGIS e Open Data per l’archeologia urbana ed il patrimonio culturale di Catania - Daniele Malfitana (Direttore CNR-IBAM, Istituto Beni Archeologici e Monumentali del CNR), Valerio Noti (TerreLogiche srl)
• Beni Culturali Smart per Formia intelligente – Eleonora Zangrillo (Comune di Formia)
• Metodologie di acquisizione mobile laser scanner, nell’ambito monumentale/architettonico - Giacomo Pellicano (Sineco srl)
• ICT al servizio del territorio: Il caso Viaggiart - Ermanno Cribari (Viaggiart)
• L'utilizzo di droni, per l'ingegnerizzazione dei servizi per la tutela dei Beni Culturali e le tecniche di consultazione attraverso la realtà aumentata e virtuale - Salvore Esposito, Gianluca Balzarini (TALOS)

Workshop Tecnico tecnico Leica Geosystems: Nuove soluzioni per gestire e condividere rilievi 3D ad Alta Definizione 
Ore 14.30 – 15.30
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Strumenti intelligenti per i beni culturali”

Relatori: Valentina Albano e Michele Curuni
Il processo di rilevamento mediante tecnologia Laser Scanner 3D è caratterizzato dall’acquisizione di una gran mole di dati. Strumenti sempre più performanti consentono di collezionare nuvole di punti densissime in tempi sempre più brevi. Il workshop si pone l’obiettivo di informare sulle metodologie e sui processi in atto per ottimizzare l’elaborazione dei dati e valorizzarne la condivisione. Verranno presentate alcune funzionalità di Leica Cyclone, standard di riferimento nel mondo del 3D data processing.

Sessione e tavola rotonda “Misure e dati acquisiti nell’ambito del workshop ai Mercati di Traiano”
Ore 16.30 – 18.00
Sessione condivisa dalle Conferenze “Azioni smart per la gestione del territorio” e “Dalla città storica alla smart city”

Una sessione dedicata ai dati acquisiti con vari strumenti e metodi nell’ambito del workshop del 12 maggio nell’area archeologica dei Mercati di Traiano. Le aziende ed i gruppi di lavoro mostreranno e commenteranno i dati acquisiti con le diverse tecnologie. La tavola rotonda svilupperà ulteriormente il tema, ponendo in evidenza gli obiettivi non solo formativi ma anche tecnici e metodologici ai quali si vuole giungere attraverso la successiva elaborazione dei dati acquisiti.

Oltre alle sessioni dedicate al Centro Congressi Frentani, si svolgeranno anche workshop tecnologici e di approfondimento organizzati da aziende, associazioni ed ordini professionali. Sarà inoltre possibile vistare l’area espositiva dove saranno mostrati strumentazioni, tecnologie hardware e software applicabili in diversi contesti dei beni culturali: dalla gestione e digitalizzazione, la documentazione 3D e la conservazione, la valorizzazione e fruizione.

Iscrizioni gratuite su www.technologyforall.it


Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

Apple Watch Languages Limited

According to the Apple Watch User Guide, the Apple Watch language is set independently via the Watch app on the iPhone, via My Watch > General > Language.  As of 4/24/15, the available languages are  English (U.S.), English (UK), English (Australia), Spanish (Mexico), Spanish (Spain), French (France), French (Canada), German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (

The Signal: Digital Preservation

DPOE Interview: Jacob Nadal of ReCAP

The following is a guest post by Barrie Howard, IT Project Manager at the Library of Congress.


Jacob Nadal

This post is part of a series about digital preservation training inspired by the Library’s Digital Preservation Outreach & Education (DPOE) Program. Today I’ll focus on an exceptional individual, Jacob Nadal, who among other things is one of the core instructors for the DPOE Train-the-Trainer Workshop and subject matter expert on digital preservation curricula. Jacob is executive director of The Research Collections and Preservation Consortium, which is a partnership among Columbia University, The New York Public Library and Princeton University. ReCAP manages over 12 million items in a highly optimized preservation environment and delivers materials to hundreds of thousands of researchers each year, in print and digital formats.

Barrie: You have been working with DPOE for three or four years now, and have been a core instructor at three DPOE Train-the-Trainer Workshops. Can you recount a little about your experiences and what you value the most about your time with the program?

Jacob: I got involved with DPOE through the residency program (NDSR), actually. I was on the curriculum development panel for the inaugural residency and that led to serving as a DPOE instructor. Both programs appeal to me because they focus on the people and institutions that are responsible for information and then build bridges for them to get ongoing expert guidance about how to improve their preservation efforts. It has been really exciting to see the variety of different backgrounds people bring to the whole project of preservation and how they can all pitch in to accomplish something.

Barrie: You’re engaged in digital preservation education in other ways. Can you tell the readers about the Digital Preservation & Curation class you teach at the Pratt Institute School of Library and Information Science?

Jacob: The Pratt course has its roots in a class I taught at California Rare Book School. There was some interest in an offering about digital collections, but we weren’t sure how to do that for the Rare Book School audience and in that particular context. So the clever plan was to just teach digital preservation the same way I would have taught an analog preservation course (something I’d taught at Indiana University and at Pratt). We started by learning the history of computers (What are these things? Who made them? How do they work?) and used that as a foundation for learning about preservation.

That approach has a very curatorial angle, and since Pratt trains so many people for careers in museums and special collections, it was a natural fit to bring that same approach to teaching digital preservation in their graduate program. I think this approach has worked well for library science because so many of our students have a strong humanities background, and this is a way to build on the training they already have. We read books like “The Information,” “Soul of a New Machine,” and “Where Wizards Stay up Late,” for example. LIS students tend to be good readers and good critical thinkers. I think this approach helps build confidence and instill some genuine interest in computers, making it easier and more enticing to get into the details of the technology and logic of computers.

Barrie: You’ve been deeply involved in revising the DPOE Baseline Curriculum, as well as writing syllabi for your classes and leading various working group efforts. Have you noticed any significant changes to digital preservation practice and theory since 2010?

Jacob: DPOE really solved a problem for me as a teacher. It’s very easy to go through a whole semester talking about clever technologies and deep logical structures, and never get students ready with practical skills they’ll need day one, job one. We use DPOE and a few other frameworks to anchor the class (the OAIS, of course, and TRAC and the NDSA levels of preservation (pdf) are our go-tos). The class project for my Pratt course has evolved around DPOE, and the students have three steps to take–two presentations and a short paper–that are intended to teach skills and processes that will help them out as early-career professionals:

  1. Present on a digital preservation problem, the more concrete the better, and tell what area of DPOE you think it relates to, and receive feedback. A lot of students tackle specific issues from jobs or internships, and incidentally, learn how to prepare for an interest group or discussion group session at a conference, or a departmental meeting.
  2. Develop a presentation to explain the next set of activities you want to take to make some progress on that problem, and receive feedback. I often use the NDSA levels as a way to make that progress measurable.
  3. Write up a proposal, in no more than a page or two–just about the length of a memo to a boss, or précis to a potential funder. By this time any NDSA and DPOE jargon is gone, and they’re left with a concise, measurable proposal, perfect for getting done in time for an annual review.

Using DPOE as a guide has helped students get from theory to practice, and I know of a few who have used this to decide what to do next in their jobs. It’s really gratifying to see this turn to the grassroots, and I think that’s been the big, positive development in the field the last few years. I’m a big fan of the POWRR project, for example, and I think that DPOE, POWRR, NDSA, and the NDSR all share a useful focus on picking something that can be improved, and getting that work started. (POWRR is another resource my students use often to decide if there’s a genuine tool or technology to bring into play, or if a problem is just going to the “check back; maybe solve it next year” file.)

Barrie: From the perspective of an educator, could you compare the strengths and challenges of traditional in-person learning environments to distance learning options?

Jacob: I find distance learning hard, as both an educator and student, but also very useful. I’ve had some good experiences with fundamentals courses, where you get exposed to the received wisdom, the current state of things, and the sort of rote basics. Sometimes, just blocking off the hours to load up the webinar is a good way to force myself (or oneself) to take the time, even if there’s a book or article that could cover the information just as well.

But all that said, I think that working in person helps to build genuine understanding. As an instructor, the chance to read people’s expressions, to try three or four different examples or metaphors, that’s necessary to be sure that the ideas really “clicked.” You also get the helpful surprises in person, the student who has the perfect example, or the unexpected question that propels everyone to a new level of understanding. I can say with complete confidence that staying involved with teaching and learning has been the single most consistent ingredient in making me a useful employee. Being involved in education means that I get access to the brainpower of the whole profession and I have to stay up to date (or really embarrass myself).

Barrie: What’s missing in digital preservation education today?

Jacob: I think about digital preservation in a couple layers. One is technology: core IT, programming, engineering, and I think that’s what the digital curation course at Pratt is mostly about. Not that I teach any of those skills, or prepare students for careers in those areas, but that I try to get them immersed in the history of that work, the culture of those professions, and the problems they’re wrestling with, so that as librarians, we can be smart, sensitive colleagues to the technologist we work with. I think this is tremendously important, and often neglected.

Also, I think the theory-to-practice bridge is still being built.  I love theory and frameworks and models. I can’t think of a day in my life as a librarian that I haven’t reflected on some sort of “big idea” to figure out if the practical things I was doing were worthwhile. But, we have some really durable and intelligent models for digital preservation, and not enough of a framework to help people move their institutions towards implementation. DPOE, NDSR, and the NDSA are great tools for doing that, and I have a feeling that a few years from now, we’ll all be hard-pressed to remember how we got anything done before the POWRR project. I feel so lucky to have been introduced to these efforts and to have the chance to participate. For me, they really filled a vacancy in our professional development and showed how to get from the theory to the practice.

Barrie: You’re preparing to present the DPOE Workshop in Australia late this spring. In your preparations, have you noticed any substantial differences in the frameworks for digital preservation activities between Australia and the United States?

Jacob: Actually, the big, pleasant surprise is how international the digital preservation community is. There are, of course, some regional and national programs for funding or certain types of support, but the models of how to do the work really travel well. I’ve seen instances of this in working with Native and Tribal libraries, as well as working with archives and museums. There are different approaches to authorization and privacy for cultural property than we assume for intellectual property in American research libraries, but it was gratifying to see that our system could adapt to support that, and we weren’t forcing a lot of exclusively American or “capital-L” library ideas into a context where they didn’t fit.

What we did need to learn was a new vocabulary, a new set of examples and metaphors. I think this speaks to the virtues of in-person work, again, because it’s very hard to guess what will be meaningful in a particular place and to particular people. You have to go there, bring your best ideas, and then–and we do this explicitly in DPOE train-the-trainer workshops–you hand over the educational role and find out what your students can teach you, and how your ideas can be reshaped in a different context.

Katy Meyers (Bones Don't Lie)

Irish Eyes Aren’t Smiling: Decapitation in Medieval Ireland

Beheading was a popular mode of execution throughout human history- it is dramatic, final and is often part of a public display of power by the victors over the soon […]

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Some Notes on Recording a Podcast

It’s been about three months since Richard Rothaus and I started recording the Caraheard podcast. Tomorrow, we’ll release our tenth episode. Along the way, we’ve learned a few things about podcasting and about our audience, and I thought it would be fun to share some of what we learned after just a few months worth of effort.

1. Production. So far, we’ve been pretty pleased with our production process and the final results. We both use Blue Yeti microphones which seem to do a great job picking up our voices and not all the ambient noise in our home studios (except, of course, for Milo’s editorializing). Pop guards definitely help, and I think that, if we continue to do this, some kind of microphone boom arm (which might involve upgrading our microphones) will also help isolate the microphones from my tendency to thump my desk while recording.

Richard and I mostly record over Skype with each of us recording both sides of the conversation because I’ve discovered that it is possible to forget to hit the record button on my end… Recently, though we’ve had the chance to record face to face into a single microphone. This involves the listener hearing more of the studio space (think 1950s jazz) and we might be looking to figure out how to record into two microphones and mixing our recordings to produce a clearer recording.

For mixing, both Richard and I are becoming increasingly at ease with Adobe Audition CC, although I will admit that I’m not entirely what the various file transformations do, and it appears to be a suitable platform for podcast production with a pretty modest learning curve. 

2. Distribution. We’re using SoundCloud to host our podcasts through their podcasting beta application which makes an RSS feed available for other applications including iTunes. So far, this works pretty well. I get updates from Overcast on my iPhone whenever we post a new podcast. 

The only downside of this set up is that we don’t know how many people are listening to our podcast except through the statistics provided by the SoundCloud page. From that page, we know that each podcast has had about 50 listens with a couple of our more popular, and older, podcasts getting closer to 100. To me this is an acceptable listener base especially when we add in a handful of listeners from iTunes.

It also strikes me as likely that podcasts have a “longer tail” than most blog posts and our podcasts will continue to get a few listens per week for the next few months. In fact, looking over the intriguing corpus of ASOR podcasts, it seems like there is a clear correlation between the age of the podcast the number of listens. 

3. Guests and Remote Recording. Next week, I depart for Greece and Cyprus and leave Richard Rothaus alone with the podcast. (I’m frankly terrified.) Since my internet connection is not always the most stable, so we probably won’t do much in the way of live recording. In the place of that, I will take a little recorder with me to do some field recordings for the podcast, while Richard will work to have guests come onto the podcast to fill in for me. 

One challenge with using guests is that Richard and I both have pretty decent recording set ups, but our guests may not. Moreover, Richard and I both have worked out how to record both sides of the conversation and to split the conversation to improve recording quality. So bringing guests and recording remotely onto the show will push us to manage sound quality and levels from a range of locations, technologies, and participants. 

4. Format. One of the most consistent comments made by listeners is that our podcast is too long and too unstructured. That’s fine with us.

The goal of our podcast is to capture the informal academic conversations that have such an important impact of the more formal disciplinary knowledge. This means our chats will be rambling and our arguments – such as they are – anecdotal. If people find it too tedious and unstructured for their tastes, that’s fine; they can read our articles or read the blog). We’ll be satisfied with a smaller audience who enjoys the more unstructured engagement on archaeological topics.  

few podcasters whom I enjoy have made similar argument about podcasts and noted that they are only popular among a small, but typically committed audience. Because podcasts involve a greater commitment of time on the part of the listener and because it is difficult to break them into bite-size fragments for circulation or occasional consumption, podcasts will always be a kind of acquired taste. It is telling, for example, that podcasts rarely go viral. 

5. Endings and Beginnings. So Richard… has become our typical sign lede for each podcast – although we’re excited to introduce a new introduction prepared by Richard this week! 

Endings, on the other hand, are trickier. Sometimes, Richard and I seem to agree that the conversation has reached a useful end. Other times, I feel like we’ve wrested the good from a chat and want to wrap up and Richard has “just one more thing” and I’m sure Richard has felt the same way. Since we usually record from different locations, and we don’t have a backchannel throughout the podcast, we have to rely on a shared sense of timing. I expect we’ll get better at this with time, but for now, wrapping up a podcast remains a challenging thing to do. 

For all the readers of this blog who have become listeners of the podcast, thanks!!

DigPal Blog

Late Celtic Script and its Descendants

The next Medieval Manuscripts Seminar in London will be on a little-studied fragment which has previously been attributed to eleventh-century Wales. It has been associated with a form of script that only survives from a handful of manuscripts datable to the 1060s through 1080s in Wales, but it has received very little attention, presumably in part because very little survives. It is just as distinctive as (though very different from) the Vernacular minuscule produced in England at the same time. This talk hints at interesting new insights, so I'm very much looking forward to hearing more.

London Medieval Manuscripts Seminar

Contextualising London, Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 1230: Late Celtic Script and its Descendants

London, Lambeth Palace Library, MS. 1230 is a fragmentary Passional comprising only two folios of script. E.G.W. Bill, who catalogued the manuscript in the 1970s, indicated that the fragment was written in the eleventh century, 'probably' in Wales. This paper will contextualise the Lambeth fragment using the palaeographical evidence surviving script-specimens (both Gaelic and Welsh) in order to ascertain the accuracy of Bill's dating and localisation.

Speaker: Dr Elizabeth Duncan, Independent Scholar
: Tuesday 12 May 2015, 17:30 - 19:00
Place: Dr Seng T Lee Centre for Manuscript and Book Studies,
Senate House Library, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HU
Further Detailshttp://events.sas.ac.uk/ies/seminars/163/Medieval+Manuscripts+Seminar

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ANCIENT ROME LIVE: A new way to learn about Rome's past

ANCIENT ROME LIVE: A new way to learn about Rome's past
Rome’s enduring contribution to world civilization can, and should, be communicated in a way that combines the hard facts, solid reasoning, and new discoveries of university research with the excitement and immediacy of on-location filming in Rome. If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is worth a million.

Ancient Rome Live (ARL) is an immersive journey that provides new perspectives about the ancient city. A multi-platform learning experience, ARL first and foremost presents original content:

  • a clickable map of ancient Rome
  • a library of videos arranged according to topic
  • live streaming from sites in Rome and her empire.
ARL provides an interactive platform to engage the many layers of Rome: monuments, people, places, and events.  Ancient Rome Live  is a valuable resource for teachers- and a lot of fun for anyone interested in history.

Later in 2015 ARL will release an ebook, app, and free online course.   WIth all of these new, coordinated formats, ARL will change the way ancient Rome is studied.

Darius Arya, Archaeologist and TV host, Founder, director, producer

Albert Prieto, Archaeologist, Chief film and editing
Mark Brewer, Zagara Films, Film and editing
Andrea Troiani, Animator
Darbouze & Daughters, Digital Creative

dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

Beyond Dead or Alive Books: Redefining and Repositioning Scholarly Content in a New Knowledge Environment

In this post, Chad Gaffield (University of Ottawa) reflects on the Association of Research Libraries’ 2014 Fall Forum.

The compelling, timely, and provocative title of the ARL Fall Forum 2014 could have been articulated several different ways. Rather than “Wanted Dead or Alive: The Scholarly Monograph,” the title might well have been “Wanted Dead or Alive: University Presses” or even, “Wanted Dead or Alive: Research Libraries.”

These alternatives came to mind during a stimulating and, at times, both inspiring and discouraging discussion of the rapidly changing and uncertain landscape of scholarly communication. I had the good fortune to be part of the closing panel that brought together highly respected leaders representing university presses, research libraries, and major funders.

My own contribution to this urgent and complex topic draws upon two professional experiences: first, as a professor of History (with related research and professional activities over the years); and as President and CEO between 2006 and 2014 of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), the major funder of campus-based research, including support for knowledge mobilization such as scholarly monographs.

Even though the destiny of scholarly monographs may not determine the destiny of libraries or university presses, they all currently share many of the same underlying drivers of change

One of the key strengths of the ARL Fall Forum was its explicit effort to use the focus of scholarly monographs to make connections among all those involved in its production, use, and preservation. Over the years, I have had many occasions to see a much more segmented approach involving separate meetings of publishers or librarians or funders or academics.

In fact, it has often surprised me to learn that leaders from the same post-secondary institution have each left campus without the knowledge of their colleagues to develop strategic plans with their counterparts at other institutions. The resulting plans of librarians, publishers, scholars, provosts, or research vice-presidents have sometimes overlapped but more often have exposed competing and contradictory assumptions that defy integration at the institutional level.

For this reason, the ARL Fall Forum rightly focused on the urgent need for a common understanding of the desired eco-system of scholarly communication within which different participants can identify their specific and complementary roles, contributions, and responsibilities. Even though the destiny of scholarly monographs may not determine the destiny of libraries or university presses, they all currently share many of the same underlying drivers of change.

We do not live in a technologically-driven age but we do live in a technologically-enabled age that is proving to be paradigm-shifting, with DH often leading the way

My perspective first situates the question of scholarly monographs within the larger campus contexts of professorial careers, institutional imperatives, and fiscal conditions. In turn, I place these contexts within the profound conceptual changes that are being enabled, accelerated, and influenced by digital technologies, as illustrated by the field now called Digital Humanities (DH). We do not live in a technologically-driven age but we do live in a technologically-enabled age that is proving to be paradigm-shifting, with DH often leading the way.

One of the most insightful texts about these deep changes was published fifty years ago. In a substantial report entitled Libraries of the Future, J.C.R. Licklider presented the results of a two-year inquiry into how computers could be used in “library work – i.e., the operations connected with assembling information in recorded form and of organizing and making it available for use” as described in the foreward by Verner W. Clapp of the sponsoring organization, the Council on Library Resources Inc. Interestingly, the Council’s motivation for this inquiry was the perception that “research libraries are becoming choked from the proliferation of publication, and that the resulting problems are not of a kind that respond to merely more of the same – ever and ever larger bookstacks and ever and ever more complicated catalogues.”

Licklider’s early 1960s perception that “more of the same” was not the answer to the “proliferation of publication” may seem quaint given the subsequent avalanche of new journals and books, but his proposed solution resonates with current discussion of new not-of-a-kind models for scholarly communication.

Licklider began by emphasizing the “‘passiveness’ of the printed page” which limits severely the interaction of humans with the page’s content. He reasoned that “If books are intrinsically less than satisfactory for the storage, organization, retrieval and display of information, then libraries of books are bound to be less than satisfactory also.” In turn, “if human interaction with the body of knowledge is conceived of as a dynamic process involving repeated examinations and interconnections of very many small and scattered parts, then any concept of a library that begins with books on shelves is sure to encounter trouble.” By imagining computer-enabled “precognitive systems” for information storage, organization, and retrieval by the year 2000, Licklider moved the focus from the medium (e.g. a book) to the substance (knowledge, information, insight).

A half-century later, we are still struggling to perceive with clarity the full implications of focusing on content rather than container. One example from my experience as SSHRC President illustrates the value of embracing this new focus. Our challenge was to update support for high-quality learned journals that, for many years, had been eligible for an operating grant calculated, in part, on the number of subscribers to an annual production of several print issues. In an Open Access and on-time digital knowledge environment, this approach was no longer appropriate.

The new approach focuses exclusively on the value-added of filtering and curating the communication of research results. SSHRC’s adjudication committee examines only the scholarly quality of the past three years of work made available by the journal editors (thereby taking an agnostic approach to the medium of the work). The grant covers a set amount of $850 (Can) for each scholarly article with a maximum of $30,000 per year for each journal. The amount reflects an estimate of the cost of the scholarly filtering and initial editorial work. The assumption is that institutional hosts will support the other editorial, dissemination, and preservation costs. This approach has made it possible for journal editors to move completely online and to adopt gold OA (without page charges) if the host institution (usually a research library) can provide the needed complementary infrastructure.

If this model is extended to books, we could rephrase the question at hand to ask: Who will help authors create, share, and preserve long-form scholarly content?

The DH community has in recent years contributed profound insights as well as innovative policies and practices that embrace the value of content over the specific medium of expression. In this way, DH perspectives address (admittedly, more implicitly than explicitly) current questions about scholarly monographs, university presses, and research libraries. Rather than retaining these categories, Ray Siemens and his colleagues aptly call for the creation of “new knowledge environments” that transcend twentieth-century definitions of scholarly communication. Toward this end, the Implementing New Knowledge Environments (INKE) collaborative has been hosting an annual conference that showcases a variety of projects designed to “transform scholarly production” in the Digital Age.

… no speaker suggested that the scholarly monograph should, or even will, die; rather, the focus was on renewal and sustainability of long-form content in a rapidly changing context

From this perspective, the ARL Fall Forum 2014 was aimed at helping redefine and reposition the content of the 20th century scholarly monograph in the new knowledge environment of the 21st century. Indeed, no speaker suggested that the scholarly monograph should, or even will, die; rather, the focus was on renewal and sustainability of long-form content in a rapidly changing context.

What was the added value of the 20th century scholarly-monograph content and what aspects of this should endure today? What new value is possible and appropriate? And what policies, practices, and financial support are required to realize the potential of a redefined and repositioned scholarly-monograph content?

These questions rightly assume that the drivers of change are not, in the first instance, either technological or financial. New technologies are important to the extent that they are enabling deep conceptual changes that probe to the heart of higher education and that would be transforming campuses (albeit more slowly) even in a continued print culture. Similarly, financial pressures are accelerating efforts (rather than creating them) to embrace new ways of thinking that would be (and are) inspiring new policies and practices even on wealthy campuses.

In order to continue making progress in creating the new knowledge environments of the 21st century, institutions of higher education (especially the leading research universities) must bring together their university presses, vice-presidents academic and research, their CIOs, and their university librarians in order to develop a single strategic plan. These senior academic leaders must embrace in theory and in practice the new digitally-enabled ways in which their operations are becoming interdependent and, indeed, intertwined components of a single scholarly infrastructure that, in turn, contributes to larger scholarly infrastructures both locally and globally. The result of this new approach should be the development of an integrated institutional plan that aims to create a robust digitally-enabled knowledge environment that supports all learning on campus (by students, professors, and research partners) while also contributing to the larger knowledge environment (requiring, therefore, adherence to, and contribution to, standards).

In undertaking this work, institutions would do well to involve digital humanists both for domain expertise in creating knowledge environments and for experience in working across 20th century boundaries. Digital humanist collaborations have characteristically included those in diverse departments, libraries, campuses, and countries. While a great deal of work is ahead, the success of such collaborations thus far should inspire optimism among all those like the participants of the ARL Fall Forum who seek to benefit from the past while building a better future.

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Online il portale sul patrimonio irlandese digitalizzato in 3D

E online il portale 3dicons.ie che raccoglie una collezione digitale 3D di oltre 130 monumenti ed edifici del territorio Irlandese tra cui alte croci decorate, il monastero isola di Skellig Michael, le tombe a corridoio di Knowth e Newgrange e il paesaggio cerimoniale di Tara.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Digital Dead Sea Scrolls

[First posted in AWOL 26 October 2011, updatesd29 April 2015

The Digital Dead Sea Scrolls
The Israel Museum welcomes you to the Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Project, allowing users to examine and explore these most ancient manuscripts from Second Temple times at a level of detail never before possible. Developed in partnership with Google, the new website gives users access to searchable, fast-loading, high-resolution images of the scrolls, as well as short explanatory videos and background information on the texts and their history. The Dead Sea Scrolls, which include the oldest known biblical manuscripts in existence, offer critical insight into Jewish society in the Land of Israel during the Second Temple Period, the time of the birth of Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism. Five complete scrolls from the Israel Museum have been digitized for the project at this stage and are now accessible online.

"We are privileged to house in the Israel Museum's Shrine of the Book the best preserved and most complete Dead Sea Scrolls ever discovered," said James S. Snyder, Anne and Jerome Fisher Director of the Israel Museum. "They are of paramount importance among the touchstones of monotheistic world heritage, and they represent unique highlights of our Museum's encyclopedic holdings. Now, through our partnership with Google, we are able to bring these treasures to the broadest possible public." 

The five Dead Sea Scrolls that have been digitized thus far include the Great Isaiah Scroll, the Community Rule Scroll, the Commentary on Habakkuk Scroll, the Temple Scroll, and the War Scroll, with search queries on Google.com sending users directly to the online scrolls. All five scrolls can be magnified so that users may examine texts in exacting detail. Details invisible to the naked eye are made visible through ultra-high resolution digital photography by photographer Ardon Bar-Hama– at 1,200 mega pixels each, these images are almost two hundred times higher in resolution than those produced by a standard camera. Each picture utilized UV-protected flash tubes with an exposure of 1/4000th of a second to minimize damage to the fragile manuscripts. In addition, the Great Isaiah Scroll may be searched by column, chapter, and verse, and is accompanied by an English translation tool and by an option for users to submit translations of verses in their own languages.
    Examine the scrolls:

      Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

      Online l'AGENDA e gli interventi del Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2015

      Disponibili tutti i dettagli delle tre giornate del Forum dell'Innovazione TECHNOLOGYforALL 2015. Interventi, sessioni, relatori, workshop e corsi di formazione dei tre giorni più importanti per l'aggiornamento sulle tecnologie smart per il territorio, i beni culturali e le città intelligenti.