Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

July 27, 2017

Internet Archaeology

Issue 45. Excavations in 2014 at Wade Street, Bristol - a documentary and archaeological analysis

A staged programme of historical research and archaeological fieldwork, involving a desk-based assessment in 2000 (Smith and Erskine 2000), an evaluation in 2013 (Mason 2013), and an excavation followed by a watching brief in 2014, the latter two by Avon Archaeology Ltd, was undertaken in order to mitigate the archaeological impact of a proposed residential development on a site of 1,260m² at the corner and on the north-west side of Little Anne Street and Wade Street, St Jude's, Bristol (UK). The site was formerly occupied by residential dwellings, originally established in the very early 18th century as part of a then newly planned development of artisans' houses. In combination, the data from these studies indicate that the Wade Street site has a history of continuous occupation, from c. 1700 until the buildings on it were removed in the years on either side of the Second World War as part of a so-called 'slum clearance' project. A very small assemblage of medieval pottery recovered from the lower contexts of the site during the excavation hints at some level of activity in the vicinity during the medieval period. This publication offers an opportunity to link the results of the fieldwork to an outline study of a sample of the 19th-century census records, to give a picture of the social dynamics of a highly diverse community in the second half of that century, and which presents a surprisingly mixed picture of both long stability, and incessant change in terms of the movement of people into and out of this part of Wade Street.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche

Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche
Testata della pagina 
Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche (CaSteR) è la rivista internazionale, accademica, peer-reviewed e Open Access, della Società Scientifica Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Cartagine (SAIC).

Ambito e orizzonte culturale

L'ambito culturale della rivista è quello delle scienze storiche, archeologiche e dell’antichità, della storia dell’arte, della conservazione, della valorizzazione e del restauro dei beni culturali. L'ambito cronologico di riferimento va dalla preistoria fino al periodo fatimide (XII sec.) mentre dal punto di vista geografico l'area di elezione è quella dell'Africa del Nord (in particolare Tunisia e paesi del Maghreb) intesa sia come spazio geografico fisico che come termine culturale di raffronto per studi che trattino di aspetti comuni ad altre aree e di rapporti di interscambio culturale e materiale. Particolare attenzione verrà inoltre riservata agli studi che tratteranno di aspetti collegati alla musealizzazione, al restauro dei monumenti, alle tematiche collegate alla valorizzazione dei giacimenti culturali materiali e immateriali.


La rivista si propone di incoraggiare, negli ambiti sopra identificati, la ricerca interdisciplinare sull'area nord Africana ed in particolare in Tunisia proponendosi come un contenitore di scambio e confronto non solo tra i componenti della comunità accademica degli specialisti di settore ma, superando i confini nazionali, tra le diverse comunità accademiche e la società civile.

Tipo di documenti editi

I contenuti della rivista saranno principalmente testi a stampa corredati da immagini fotografiche, disegni in vari formati (raster e vettoriali), filmati video e file contenenti dati testuali. Potranno essere inoltre sottoposti alla valutazione di CaSteR per l'edizione anche lavori multimediali purché rigorosamente a carattere scientifico e di ambito cronologico, geografico e culturale assolutamente coerente con le linee editoriali sopra esposte.



N. 1 (2016)

Althiburos, Tunisia. Teatro romano (foto Gilberto Montali).



N. 2 (2017)

Ellès, Tunisia (foto Anna Depalmas).


Saggi e studi

Marco Muresu
Lavinia Del Basso

Conferenze, seminari e sedute scientifiche della SAIC

Laura Baratin
Anna Depalmas
Massimo Botto, Nabil Kallala, Sergio Ribichini
Nabil Kallala, Gilberto Montali, Mohamed Ben Nejma, Sahrane Chérif, Jamel Hajji, Mounir Torchani

Schede e materiali

Roger Hanoune
Mohammed-Arbi Nsiri
Piero Bartoloni


Mohammed-Arbi Nsiri

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

The Archaeology of Early Christianity: An Introduction

I know I’ve been promising to share a draft of our introduction to our Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology, but haven’t come through, 

Today, that changes. Here’s a link to a draft of our introduction to our Oxford Handbook project.

The challenge of this introduction stems our effort to do three things. First, we offer a brief survey of the history of Early Christian archaeology with particular attention to the Anglophone scholarship. Second, we introduced past, current, and future directions in archaeology as a discipline and argued for their impact on our understanding of Early Christianity. Finally, we offer a brief survey of the content of the volume. 

I do hope that some readers with an interest in Early Christianity and the Archaeology of the Early Christian world will take the time to offer suggestions, comments, or critiques of this draft introduction. We realize that it has some warts and some stylistic infelicities, but hope that this draft captures the general direction of our work.

As in the past, I’m using Hypothes.is to allow comments on our introduction. It’s a free, open-source application for commenting on the web! 

Check out our introduction here.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Perseus 5.0/Scaife Digital Library Viewer RFP

Perseus 5.0/Scaife Digital Library Viewer RFP
We are working on the draft for an RFP to develop CTS-based front end that we will use to make Open Greek and Latin available as part of Perseus 5.0. We are calling this the Scaife Digital Library Viewer. We hope to finalize the RFP early in the week of July
 31 and welcome any and all suggestions in the meantime.

Information is available at https://goo.gl/KTeUi9.

July 26, 2017

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Journal of Classics Teaching

Journal of Classics Teaching
ISSN: -EISSN: 2058-6310
Journal of Classics Teaching
Now online and open access the Journal of Classics Teaching (JCT) aims to be the leading journal for teachers of Latin, ancient Greek, Classical Civilisation and Ancient History internationally. JCT covers the primary, secondary and tertiary education sectors and welcomes articles and short book reviews of interest to Classics teachers.
    2010s(Vol 16-18)

      Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

      Data as a Kandinksy Painting

      I just found this package for R, ‘Kandinsky‘. You can read the logic of what it does here.

      I’m totally into representing data as art, so I thought I would feed all 900+ annotations my ‘Crafting Digital History’ class is making across the web through it

      • Grab all the annotations using Lincoln’s ‘Hypothesisr‘ package.
      • Turn that into tidy data:
      word_counts <- documents %>%
        group_by(user) %>%
        unnest_tokens(word, text) %>% 
        count(user, word, sort = TRUE) %>%
      • feed word_counts into kandinsky

      et volia:


      Now, let’s visualize the stopwords. I also add some custom stopwords to that list (things like ‘digital’, ‘historian’ etc, given nature of the course). Ecco:

      There is something extraordinarily satisfying about those two images. The first captures the entire universe of possible responses that my students are making. In the second, that purple circle seems to my mind to correspond with the normal stopwords and the squiggles my additions. Let us know subtract the second from the first:

      Interesting, this visualization of what remains after the stopwords are applied…

      I can also do some other fun things with my annotations, such as term frequency – inverse distribution frequency to find out what words tend to characterize which students’ annotations. As a Kandinsky painting:

      Let’s paint our feelings – here’s the sentiment of the annotations (‘affin’):

      And here’s the same data again, but sorted from most positive to most negative:

      Finally, let’s finish off with a topic model and then the top terms from the topic model:

      Data is beautiful.

      What does it mean? Well, that might take another post or two. Maybe the meaning would emerge if I also sonified, or 3d printed, this data. If we use the full sensorium…

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Restauro Archeologico

      Restauro Archeologico
      ISSN 1724-9686 (print)
      ISSN 2465-2377 (online)
      Restauro Archeologico (RA­) è un periodico scientifico internazionale, semestrale, pubblicato in stampa e modalità Open Access.

      RA pubblica articoli sottoposti a peer review – in italiano, inglese, spagnolo, francese e tedesco – sulla conoscenza, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio architettonico d’interesse archeologico e di quello allo stato di rudere e si pone l’obiettivo di focalizzare l’attenzione sulle metodologie di studio e d’intervento su manufatti architettonici riferibili a contesti archeologici o ad essi connessi (pluristratificazioni).

      Il restauro archeologico può comprendere, per modalità d’intervento e finalità di valorizzazione, oltre ai manufatti riferibili all’antichità, anche tutti i manufatti che, per provenienza, condizioni di utilizzo e stato di manutenzione sono ridotti a rudere; ad esempio, sugli edifici in disuso, o in rovina di epoca moderna, si potrà intervenire con procedure simili a quelle utilizzate per le testimonianze di epoca antica, con la principale finalità di conservarne la memoria, come nel caso dell’archeologia industriale. La rivista ambisce, quindi, a costituire una finestra privilegiata di osservazione dei diversi approcci conservativi in funzione dei molteplici contesti geopolitici e culturali. In quest’ottica, ampio spazio è dato agli aspetti di multidisciplinarietà insiti nella pratica del restauro, con un’attenzione particolare ai progressi metodologici e tecnici della disciplina.

      Restauro Archeologico (RA­) is a scientific international print and open access journal, issued every six months.

      RA publishes articles peer-reviewed – in Italian, English, Spanish, French and German, sulla concerning the knowledge, conservation, and valorisation of all endangered, neglected, or ruined architectural structures and aims to focus attention on the methodologies of study and intervention on architectural heritage in archaeological contexts or connected to them (pluristratification).
      The archaeological restoration may involve, for modes of intervention and enhancement purposes, in addition to the ancient heritage, even all the architectures that, due of their origin, conditions of use and maintenance are reduced to ruins; for instance, interventions could be undertaken on modern buildings that are abandoned or in a state of ruin, using procedures similar to those applied to ancient structures, with the primary purpose of maintaining memory: this is the case, for example, of industrial archaeology.

      Therefore, the journal aims to be a privileged observation window of all possible conservative approaches depending on the geopolitical and cultural multiple contexts. With this in mind, ample space is given to multidisciplinary aspects inherent in the practice of restoration, with special attention to methodological and technical advances in the discipline.

      Seven additional volumes of Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online

      Seven additional volumes of Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Atari, Archaeology, and Authenticity

      As Andrew Reinhard is giving a talk on punk archaeology and Atari, I can’t shake the feeling that I should be writing up our experiences in Alamogordo in 2014 (despite having far more pressing things to deal with). Last week, I suggested that our article could focus on issues of authenticity in the archaeology of the contemporary world.

      Here’s a rough outline:

      Introduction. This is where I need to do the most work in setting up this article and introducing the three ways of engaging and authenticating the Atari excavation. The first section relies on a conventional archaeological discourse. The second section considers the role of the excavations as a transmedia encounter that weaves together the game, the work of excavation, and the documentary film being produced. The third section of the paper will consider the documentary, Atari: Game Over, and reflect on the unpacking 1980s Atari experience – both as game players and through the perspectives of the film director, Zak Penn, and the designer of E.T. Howard Scott Warshaw – as a kind of excavation of childhood (in a Freudian sense). The conclusion will reflect on the Ebay auction of the games from the Alamogordo landfill and  

      1. Describing the Dig. As this article comes a bit more into focus, I can envision the first part of the article presenting a modern archaeological narrative that contributes to creating authenticity in the discipline of archaeology. The nice thing about this, is that I basically already have a draft done. You can check it out here (pdf).

      2. Atari, Archaeology, and the Media. I think the most interesting thing about the Atari excavation is watching the film crew – who funded and organized the dig – deal with the contingencies of an active archaeological excavation while at the same time promoting their work as a media event (in the broadest possible sense of excavating media, producing excavation for the media, and mediating the experience of visitors to the dig). I’ve started drafting some of this section here (pdf).

      3. Atari, Adulthood, and Archaeology. One of the most remarkably things in Zak Penn’s documentary is that he took the work of archaeology quite literally. Not only was his film about digging up E.T. cartridges in New Mexico, but it was also about excavating the 1980s as an experience both for the user of these games and for the folks involved in their production. In many ways, Penn excavated his childhood and the extended childhood of Howard Scott Warshaw who designed the E.T. game. The fall of Atari and the failure of the E.T. game was more than just an economic or financial outcome of mismanagement or changing tastes, but it trapped the experience of the film, the game, and the making of the game in a dreamlike place that excavation revealed. I have parts of this section worked out here and you can watch the documentary here.

      Conclusion: Auctioning and Authenticating Atari. The conclusion will look at the auction of the Atari games on Ebay and consider how the prices and packaging of these games legitimated the various authenticating narratives. This would bring in some of the Ebay data that Andrew Reinhard acquired for us and consider the ethical issues surrounding selling games authenticated, in part, through archaeological methods.

      When I look at what I have already, it is pretty clear that I have the first draft of the article almost done. I just need to revise everything into a more coherent argument and narrative, and, of course, add a bit of a literature review, some historiography, and a bit of an edge. 

      Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

      King David: life and soul of the Psalter

      In a recent Twitter poll by @BLMedieval, 989 voters resoundingly agreed that, out of a choice of four medieval saints, the best to invite to a summer party would be King David (his knack for the harp being stuff of legend). In tribute to this endearing decision — which spurned...

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Institut français d’archéologie orientale: Rapports d’activités annuels (Supplément au bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale)

      [First posted in AWOL 9 May 2012, updated 25 July 2017]

      Institut français d’archéologie orientale: Rapports d’activités annuels (Supplément au bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale)
      ISSN: 1110-2438
      L’IFAO publie chaque année un rapport d'activité dans le Bulletin de Institut français d’archéologie orientale et uniquement en ligne depuis 2012. Voici au format PDF ceux des dernières années. Pour les années précédentes, veuillez consulter le BIFAO en ligne qui comporte à la fin de chaque volume notre rapport d'activité.
      Every year the IFAO publishes a report of its activities in its Bulletin, and on-line since 2012. See here for the last fifteen years in PDF format. For previous years, see BIFAO on-line : the end of each volume holds the activity report. 

      See also the list of open access IFAO Périodiques en ligne

      Tabella Defixionis Project

      Tabella Defixionis Project
      Tabella Defixionis Project se propose de rescencer les tablettes de défixions découvertes à travers le monde gréco-romain. En effet, c'est à ce jour plus de 2000 tablettes qui ont été mises au jour. Elles constituent une base essentielle du travail de l'Historien qui s'intéresse à ces civilisations et à l'histoire des mentalités. 

      July 25, 2017

      dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

      What I’m Reading This Summer: Spencer Keralis

      Note: As the dh+lib Review editors work behind the scenes this summer, we have invited a few members of our community to step in as guest editors and share with us what they are reading and why the dh+lib audience might want to read it too. This week, we hear from Spencer Keralis, Research Associate Professor and Head of the Digital Humanities and Collaborative Programs Unit with the Public Services Division of the University of North Texas Libraries.

      My research bridges my interests in media history, in particular history of the book, with my duties helping catalyze conversations around digital humanities, diversity, and social justice in an academic library at a large public university. This summer’s reading has gelled around a couple of slowly converging topics – information literacy and minimal computing in DH pedagogy, and representations of AIDS in late 80s-early 90s countercultures. I’m interested in theorizing DH praxis, as well as understanding how technology implicates its users in systems of power.

      Technological Reproducibility

      Benjamin, Walter. “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility.” Brigid Doherty, et al., editors. The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility, and Other Writings on Media. Cambridge, Mass.; London: Harvard University Press, 2008. http://www.worldcat.org/title/work-of-art-in-the-age-of-its-technological-reproducibility-and-other-writings-on-media/oclc/959168715

      In October, I’ll be presenting in intimidatingly good company at the LAUC-B Conference in Berkeley. For this talk, I set myself the daunting task of proposing a “picture theory” for digital humanities, offering a way to think with and about images in the digital environment. To begin approaching the topic, I’m returning to this foundational text of media theory to engage with the idea of what digital reproduction does to images – and not just the works of fine art that Benjamin was most concerned with (though that’s a factor). Starting with theory prompts more questions than answers. How does digital reproduction compromise the “aura” of the original, as Benjamin worried almost a century ago? Does the widespread (if not viral) dissemination of images, including memes, in the digital environment amplify the implication of media in the totalitarian impulses of the culture? By extension, are libraries complicit in propagating and validating these impulses? Benjamin’s work seems even more prescient now than it did when I first encountered it more than a decade ago, so it’s both a pleasure and a bit of a shock to revisit this text.

      No Metadata, No Future

      Pomerantz, Jeffrey. Metadata. Cambridge, Mass.; London: The MIT Press, 2015.

      If someone had told me six years ago that I’d be really into metadata, I’d have laughed in their face. But working in a library has opened my eyes to metadata as a discipline, and working in DH has made me realize that we can’t do a goddamned thing without good metadata. I have developed infinite respect for cataloguers, and I’m fascinated with home-grown, community serving metadata standards like xZINECOREx, developed by the Zine Libraries Interest Group.  As a metadata n00b, I looked for non-specialist primers to help me understand how metadata works. Pomerantz’s Metadata is part of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series which, along with the Oxford Very Short Introduction series, is my go to for solid intros to complex issues and ideas. Pomerantz provides brief, readable chapters on topics from descriptive metadata to the semantic web, which have served well to provide me with a solid foundation for further inquiry. This would be a great text for a DH 101 class, if you were really committed to offering your students a conceptual foundation in understanding what makes the toys and widgets work.

      (h/t the inimitable Scott Carlson. Check out his metadata nerd tumblr for awesome metadata stuff.)

      Minimal Computing

      Gil, Alex. (2015, May 21). “The User, the Learner and the Machines We Make.” Minimal Computing: a working group of GO::DH.

      A few months ago, Alex Gil gave me a shout out on a Facebook thread for being an advocate for the principles of minimal computing, which surprised me since I don’t consider myself to be much of anything in relation to computing at all. So I looked up minimal computing and found Alex’s indispensible piece on GO::DH, and sure enough, I am an advocate for minimal computing! Who knew? Since this discovery, I’ve worked to become more intentional in my application of these principles, particularly in my teaching. Following Alex’s example, I start building assignments with the question “what do we need?” and work back from that point to the least tech-intensive option available. This has shaped my thinking about using Timeline JS in my survey courses, but it also affects how I think of programmatic responses to the digital humanities needs of faculty: Faculty want to make online exhibits. Should we build an in-house system to support this, or should we host Omeka? Thinking from the point of need, inspired by Alex’s creative deployment of the concept of “architectures of necessity,” the answer becomes fairly simple. Minimal computing is becoming my version of Zen in DH praxis, and I’m grateful to Alex for helping me make these discoveries.

      Ephemera I

      Lawrence, Tim. Life and Death on the New York Dance Floor, 1980-1983. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016.

      Life and Death is the third installment of Tim Lawrence’s epic exploration of the New York dance scene. Previous volumes traced the influence of Arthur Russell on the Downtown music scene in the early 1970s, and the explosion of disco in that decade. Moving into the 80s in the current volume, Lawrence tackles the complexity of a scene that evolved from night to night, from DJ to DJ, club to club. While the deeply personal profiles of legendary DJs like David Mancuso and Anita Sarko, along with Downtown luminaries Lydia Lunch, Ann Magnuson and so many others, are compelling, what Lawrence does with probing the political, social, and economic structures that frame the parties rounds out the argument, making this more than a work of nostalgia. The deaths of Anita Sarko in 2015 and David Mancuso in 2016 haunt any reader, but these are not the only ghosts in the text. The chapter “Shrouded Abatements and Mysterious Deaths” seamlessly blends an incisive critique of the impact of Reaganomics and Ed Koch’s austerity measures on the city of New York, with the revelation of the emergence of HIV/AIDS on the New York party scene. Lawrence’s management of the sheer volume of material he draws from is as impressive as the vast archive he deploys, including the legendary Downtown Collection at NYU’s Fales Library. His inclusion of playlists curated by the DJs – capturing and concretizing that most ephemeral of nightlife experiences – lends an immediacy and poignancy to a big, important book about an overlooked moment in our shared history. If I weren’t reading this for research, I’d read it for pleasure.


      Ephemera II

      Muñoz, José Esteban. Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York; London: NYU Press, 2009.

      I’m ending with another theory-intensive work, not because I think that both DH and librarianship are under-theorized (though I do think that), but because theory is an aspirational mode of writing for me. And of the recent generation of cultural studies scholars, José Esteban Muñoz is an inspiration. This book explores the possibility of a queer future. While the work is necessarily in dialogue with antifuturist Lee Edelman, Muñoz’s critique of presentism – what he sees as a stagnancy in queer discourse – is crucial to considering the “what next?” of queer culture, queer ideas. I see some archivists of queer materials as guilty of this sort of presentism – focusing on collections that will pay off in the here and now (collections tied to white, wealthy donors, for example), which create gaps in the record that erase and silence the marginalized. Muñoz engages with the ephemeral in a different way than Lawrence, with his carefully curated playlists. A performance studies scholar who first introduced the notion of ephemera as evidence in the late 90s, Muñoz focuses instead on the fleeting, gestural quality of movement in which the “theoretical work is anchored to … a living body” (65). As with Lawrence’s work, there are ghosts here. Muñoz died in 2013, and many of the artists whose work he engages in the text are among those lost to AIDS. As my own work on the early years of the AIDS epidemic evolves, Muñoz’s legacy provides an example for how to think with the ephemeral and to find in the queer past a way toward a queer future.

      Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

      Uh oh

      I’ve taught ‘Crafting Digital History’ twice before. Once as a face to face course complete with lectures and in-class exercises, and once as a fully online course. The workbook now approaches 200 pages when it is printed out. One takeway from the 2016 edition was that I didn’t want to be writing tutorials and supporting students across multiple operating systems.

      Especially Windows. Windows drives me up the freakin’ wall.

      Because I also like to learn, and I’m trying to push for reproducibility as a goal in digital history (of methods at least, and re-visiting of conclusions) and in digital archaeology, I had it in mind for some time that some sort of virtual machine would be great. Everybody would be on the same platform. I would only have to write one set of materials. But experiments with virtual machines kept throwing up the same issues of getting the damned machine installed and configured correctly across multiple operating systems. I especially loathe those back-to-school specials with 2 gb that so many of my students seem to have (if you only do a bit of wordprocessing and facebook, good enough I suppose).

      Enter DHBox.

      I love DHBox. I love the concept. I love the philosophy of openness baked in. I decided ‘go big or stay home’ and so I rewrote the 2017 version of the course to use DHBox nearly exclusively. And up until about, oh, 11.30 last night, things were going great.

      A troubling error message, but not the end of the world. We had already increased the amount of memory allocated to our DHBox twice already (we have it installed on top of an openstack.org stack). Earlier, in the run up to the course, we tried to estimate how much memory the students would need. I wanted the students to work with real digitized materials that hitherto had not attracted any attention – the Shawville Equity’s print run from 1883-2010. I figured I could teach them how to use wget to download this stuff, and then in the next module I’d teach them various ways of looking at it, exploring it, extracting interesting stuff from it. Earlier, I’d also taught them how to use Twarc to download materials from Twitter, suggesting they use the ‘canada150′ hashtag (Non-Canadians: it’s 150 years from Confederation, whence sprungeth modern-ish Canada).


      Being only a few weeks from the official day of celebrations (July 1) meant that there were, oh I don’t know, hundreds of thousands of tweets with that tag available via Twarc. Multiply by # of students.

      Number of editions of the Equity available for download: 1595. Each one between 8 and 20 high-rez pages. Even though I asked the students to only download a few years’ worth, multiply by malformed Wget and/or processes left running…. (I had shown them and walked them through how to identify and kill running processes when necessary, but alas…)

      And so I sent a call out to Andrew who has been supporting this class above and beyond the call of duty. He’s on vacation. But he tried to help me out regardless, and set things in motion to increase our memory allocation. Unfortunately, we’d clogged the pipes so badly that this process has itself gone sideways in ways that I am unable to explain (server-side stuff ain’t my bag, as Austin Powers might say).

      And so we are currently DHBox-free. While this has caused me a mild heart-attack, it’s not really as bad as it might first seem. I still have all of my materials written from last year where I was supporting individual operating systems, so I just dusted that off (thank you, O Github repository) and gave it to the students who needed it.

      The only thing that is seriously hurt at this point is my pride, and the loss of some downloaded data. The final projects – where I imagined them all collaborating on different aspects of that particular dataset – will need to be rejigged a bit, but it’s all going to be ok.

      It’ll be ok.




      Featured Image by Simson Petrol on Unsplash

      The Stoa Consortium

      OEDUc: Disambiguating EDH person RDF working group

      One of the working groups at the Open Epigraphic Data Unconference (OEDUc) meeting in London (May 15, 2017) focussed on disambiguating EDH person RDF. Since the Epigraphic Database Heidelberg (EDH) has made all of its data available to download in various formats in an Open Data Repository, it is possible to extract the person data from the EDH Linked Data RDF.

      A first step in enriching this prosopographic data might be to link the EDH person names with PIR and Trismegistos (TM) references. At this moment the EDH person RDF only contains links to attestations of persons, rather than unique individuals (although it attaches only one REF entry to persons who have multiple occurrences in the same text), so we cannot use the EDH person URI to disambiguate persons from different texts.

      Given that EDH already contains links to PIR in its bibliography, we could start with extracting (this should be possible using a simple Python script) and linking these to the EDH person REF. In the case where there is only one person attested in a text, the PIR reference can be linked directly to the RDF of that EDH person attestation. If, however (and probably in most cases), there are multiple person references in a text, we should try another procedure (possibly by looking at the first letter of the EDH name and matching it to the alphabetical PIR volume).

      A second way of enriching the EDH person RDF could be done by using the Trismegistos People portal. At the moment this database of persons and attestations of persons in texts consists mostly of names from papyri (from Ptolemaic Egypt), but TM is in the process of adding all names from inscriptions (using an automated NER script on the textual data from EDCS via the EAGLE project). Once this is completed, it will be possible to use the stable TM PER ID (for persons) and TM person REF ID (for attestations of persons) identifiers (and URIs) to link up with EDH.

      The recommended procedure to follow would be similar to the one of PIR. Whenever there’s a one-to-one relationship with a single EDH person reference the TM person REF ID could be directly linked to it. In case of multiple attestations of different names in an inscription, we could modify the TM REF dataset by first removing all double attestations, and secondly matching the remaining ones to the EDH RDF by making use of the order of appearance (in EDH the person that occurs first in an inscription receives a URI (?) that consists of the EDH text ID and an integer representing the place of the name in the text (e.g., http://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/person/HD000001/1 is the first appearing person name in text HD000001). Finally, we could check for mistakes by matching the first character(s) of the EDH name with the first character(s) of the TM REF name. Ultimately, by using the links from the TM REF IDs with the TM PER IDs we could send back to EDH which REF names are to be considered the same person and thus further disambiguating their person RDF data.

      This process would be a good step in enhancing the SNAP:DRGN-compliant RDF produced by EDH, which was also addressed in another working group: recommendations for EDH person-records in SNAP RDF.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world
      Sacred art is alive: it is a major component of the identities of living people and communities. Theft of sacred art is theft from everyone. Destruction of sacred items is profoundly destabilizing. The theft, trafficking, and destruction of sacred art is a special subset of the larger study of the movement of illicit art and antiquities. It has its own unique causes and, perhaps, its own unique solutions.

      The purpose of this site is to try to understand this phenomenon better by collecting information. Find here articles and papers about the theft and destruction of the art and architecture of the world’s religious traditions and documentation of efforts to protect these sites and items.

      Open Access Journal: Le Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (BIFAO)

      [First posted in AWOL 6 July 2009. Updated 25 July 2017]

      Le Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (BIFAO)
      Le BIFAO est maintenant disponible en ligne pour tous les numéros jusqu’au 100 (2000). Le site rassemble près de 1 650 articles pour un total de plus de 35 000 pages de texte et d’illustrations, permettant l’accès direct aux numéros de la revue qui sont actuellement pour une très grande part épuisés. Ce site est destiné à être mis à jour régulièrement. Les sommaires de tous les numéros (1 à 111) sont également accessibles sur ce site.  
      Issu d’un projet lancé par l’Ifao en 2001, cet outil de recherche est le fruit de la collaboration, au sein de l’institut, de l’imprimerie, du service des publications et du service informatique. La première phase, réalisée à l’imprimerie, a consisté à scanner les 95 premiers volumes du Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, puis à appliquer aux fichiers obtenus le traitement optique de reconnaissance des caractères. Les numéros récents déjà disponibles sous forme électronique ont été ajoutés. Le service des publications a effectué ensuite la relecture et la correction des tables des matières. L’ensemble des données a ensuite été transmis au service informatique qui a réalisé l’indexation du texte et sa mise en ligne.
      Volumes up to and including 111 (2011) are open access:
      See also the list of open access IFAO Périodiques en ligne

      ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

      Silk Textiles in the Southern Levant

      The Hebrew word for silk appears only twice in the Bible. But after 400 CE, as Christianity and pilgrimage expanded, silk from Egypt and Syria began to appear, and to be preserved in the arid zones of the Southern Levant.

      The post Silk Textiles in the Southern Levant appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

      The Signal: Digital Preservation

      Watch Collections as Data: IMPACT Today


      This is a friendly reminder that our 2nd annual Collections as Data event will be livestreamed TODAY starting at 9:30am.

      Watch it on the Library of Congress YouTube channel and Facebook page and follow #AsData on Twitter.

      Click here for the full agenda including talks from Ed Ayers, Paul Ford, Sarah Hatton, Tahir Hemphill and Geoff Haines-Stiles.

      We’ll see you there!

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Bakken Goes Boom Roundtable at the Northern Great Plains History Conference

      What are you doing on Thursday, October 5th, from 2-4 pm?

      If you’re in the Grand Forks, you should come out and see our panel at the Northern Great Plains History Conference:

      Boom Goes the Bakken

      Chair: William R. Caraher,
      University of North Dakota

      Clarence Herz, North Dakota’s Super Boom: How Fracking Changed Production in the Bakken
      North Dakota State University

      Nikki Berg Burin, From Prohibition to Safe Harbor: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of North Dakota’s Commercial Sex Laws
      University of North Dakota

      Richard Rothaus, Tales of Murder and Mayhem: Historical Violence in the Bakken
      North Dakota University System

      Bret Weber, Aliens in the Bakken: Precarity and Workforce Housing.
      University of North Dakota

      William R. Caraher, The Bakken Gaze: Tourism, Petroculture, and Modern Views of an Industrial Landscape
      University of North Dakota

      Comment: Audience

      Sean Gillies Blog

      Back to Colorado

      My kids and I left our rental house in Montpellier for the last time at 5:00 a.m Tuesday morning and arrived in Fort Collins, Colorado, on Tuesday evening, a little over 21 hours later. We found our house and garden in great condition and found that friends had kindly done a little shopping for us. Ruth and our dog were scheduled to come in on Wednesday, but heat and other snafus delayed them until Saturday. She left for Seattle today and I'm solo parenting again all this week before I go to San Francisco for work next week. It's a little chaotic here with work, camp, birthdays, dentist appointments, and other deferred business, but less so than in the week before our flight. Thanks in part to earlier-than-usual rising, I haven't fallen too far behind in my running and did 20 miles this weekend. I'm relieved to be here and am happy to see friends, run along the river, ride my bike, and go out for real tacos with my kids.

      July 24, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: The Classical Journal Reviews

      [First posted in AWOL 6 March 2015, updated 24 July 2017]

      The Classical Journal Reviews
      ISSN: 0009-8353
      The Classical Journal (ISSN 0009-8353) is published by the Classical Association of the Middle West and South (CAMWS), the largest regional classics association in the United States and Canada, and is now over a century old. All members of CAMWS receive the journal as a benefit of membership; non-member and library subscriptions are also available. CJ appears four times a year (October-November, December-January, February-March, April-May); each issue consists of about 100 pages.

      CJ contains a mix of academic articles and notes on Graeco-Roman antiquity, generally with a literary, historical or cultural focus; paedagogical articles and notes, many having to do with the challenges of teaching Latin and Greek in modern high schools, colleges and universities; book reviews; and a list of books received. In addition, CJ generally publishes the annual CAMWS Presidential Address and the year's Ovationes. Abstracts of all academic articles and notes in volumes 101 (2005-06), 102 (2006-07), 103 (2007-08), 104 (2008-09) and 105 (2009-10) are posted here. PDF versions of a number of recent Forum articles are also available for downloading, and JSTOR links to many others are provided.

      CJ-Online, the journal's list-serve, publishes book reviews, including many that do not appear in the hard-copy portion of the journal. All reviews published in CJ-Online are archived. CJ: Online subscriptions are free, and membership in CAMWS is not required to receive the postings or to publish reviews.

      This page contains all views entered using the new automated system for listing, starting with reviews at the beginning of 2014. For earlier reviews please follow the links on the Main Reviews Page.
      17.06.11 Anaximander. A Re-assessment.
       +Review by Andre Laks
      17.06.10 Classical Traditions in Science Fiction
       +Review by Debbie Felton
      17.06.08 Roman Theories of Translation: Surpassing the Source
       +Review by Christodoulos Zekas
      17.06.06 Commanders & Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire
       +Review by Everett L. Wheeler
      17.06.05 Looking at Bacchae
       +Review by Bruce A. McMenomy
      17.06.02 Theologies of Ancient Greek Religion.
       +Review by Bryan Y. Norton
      17.05.11 World Philology
       +Review by Michela Piccin
      17.05.10 The Senecan Aesthetic: A Performance History
       +Review by Christopher Star
      17.05.08 The Hellenistic Age
       +Review by Mark Thorne
      17.05.07 Virgil, Aeneid 5: Text, Translation and Commentary
       +Review by Antony Augoustakis
      17.05.07 New Worlds from Old Texts: Revisiting Ancient Space and Place
       +Review by Rebecca K. Schindler
      17.05.05 Pliny the Younger: Selected Letters
       +Review by Tom Garvey
      17.05.04 A New Work by Apuleius: The Lost Third Book of the De Platone
       +Review by Lee M. Fratantuono
      17.05.03 A Companion to Roman Art
       +Review by Julia C. Fischer
      17.04.10 Greek Tragedy: Themes and Contexts
       +Review by Adriana Brook
      17.04.09 Dale A. Grote
       +Review by John G. Nordling
      17.04.07 The Treasures of Alexander the Great
       +Review by David W. Madsen
      17.04.06 Nova Ratione: Change of Paradigm in Roman Law
       +Review by Ari Bryen
      17.04.02 Law and Order in Ancient Athens.
       +Review by Filippo Carla-Uhink
      17.04.01 Euripides and the Politics of Form
       +Review by C. Michael Sampson
      17.03.11 Cleopatra’s Needles: The Lost Obelisks of Egypt.
       +Review by Michele Valerie Ronnick
      17.03.05 Ovid: A Poet on the Margins
       +Review by Jo-Marie Claassen
      17.03.04 War and Society in Early Rome: From Warlords to Generals.
       +Review by Carsten Hjort Lange
      17.03.03 A History of Roman Art.
       +Review by Julia C. Fischer
      17.03.03 Latin of New Spain
       +Review by Tom Garvey
      17.03.02 The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion
       +Review by Corey Hackworth
      17.03.01 Der Neue Poseidipp
       +Review by Paul Ojennus
      17.02.12 Euripides and the Gods.
       +Review by Erika L. Weiberg


      Classical Journal Online Book Review Archives

      AUTHOR INDEX 2007–2010
      REVIEWER INDEX 2007–2010
      2007 Book Reviews Archive
      2008 Book Reviews Archive
      2009 Book Reviews Archive
      2010 Book Reviews Archive
      2011 Book Reviews Archive
      2012 Book Reviews Archive
      2013 Book Reviews Archive

      Open Access Journal: Tycho. Revista de iniciación en la investigación del teatro clásico y grecolatino y su tradición

       [First posted in AWOL 27 July 2015, updated 24 July 2017]

      Tycho. Revista de iniciación en la investigación del teatro clásico y grecolatino y su tradición
      ISSN: 2340-6682
      Tycho es una publicación con una periodicidad anual que desde el marco amplio de las ciencias de la Antigüedad Clásica tiene como objetivo dar apoyo y aliento a los estudiantes en las fases finales de las enseñanzas conducentes a los títulos de Grado y de Máster, que se ocupen del teatro clásico griego y latino así como de su pervivencia en la tradición occidental. 

      Con este fin publica artículos resultado de la revisión y reelaboración de trabajos realizados en los programas de grado y postgrado, en los puntos de inflexión de los procesos de formación académica e investigadora en los que se cierra un periodo formativo y se inicia otro, fundamentalmente Trabajos Final de Grado y Trabajos Final de Máster. 

      Impulsada por el GRATUV (Grup de Recerca i Acció Teatral de la Universitat de València), Tycho surge como una plataforma que dé visibilidad a los jóvenes postgraduados y les sirva de acicate para adentrarse en el complejo mundo de la investigación, en la esperanza de que sea un estímulo para la realización de Trabajos Final de Grado y Trabajos Final de Máster en el ámbito del teatro grecolatino y la tradición clásica basada en él. 

      Creemos, además, que esta publicación puede ser de gran ayuda a los estudiantes en sus primeras etapas en la medida en que les aporta información útil presentada de un modo especialmente accesible para ellos, en un discurso y un lenguaje que les es más cercano.
        • Díaz Marcos, Marina: "Conclamo en el teatro arcaico y clásico latino y en la prosa senequiana"
        • Fellove Marín, Joan: "De la mitología al drama: dos visiones prometeicas en el teatro hispanoamericano de tema clásico"
        • Frade, Sofia: "Audience on Stage: Performing the Eumenides or when the spectator turns into a character"
        • Gómez Seijo, Francisca: "La rhesis de Fedra (373-430): retórica y caracterización"
        • Lozano García, Celia: "La Hécuba de Eurípides: la perra que ladraba a la libertad"
        • Mascarell, Purificació: "Mitología, teatro clásico español y escena. El montaje de La bella Aurora, de Lope de Vega, por Eduardo Vasco (2004)"
        • Morant Giner, Maria: "Reminiscencias de la Orestea en la obra de Héléne Cixous"
        • Muñoz-Santos, María Engracia: "Animales exóticos como actores secundarios en las dramatizaciones mitológicas de la antigua Roma: verdugos en los espectáculos"
        • Navarro Martínez, Vivian Lorena: "La hetera, ¿buena o mala? Un personaje secundario en el punto de mira de la comedia griega"
        • Ramírez Castellanos, Ronald Antonio: "Antimito y estética de la repetición en Jardín de Héroes (2009), de Yerandy Fleites Pérez: un ejemplo del teatro cubano contemporáneo y su revisión de la tragedia griega"
        • Ramos Aguilar, Claudia Adriana: "Creonte o la crónica del aprendizaje trágico"
        • Vinagre, Sandra Pereira: "Casandra entre dos mundos: de personaje secundario a protagonista en la Alemania nazi"

      New Open Access Journal: Humanités numériques - Call for Papers

      Humanités numériques
      Humanités numériques est une revue francophone consacrée aux usages savants du numérique en sciences humaines et sociales. Cette revue veut offrir un lieu de réflexion, de débat scientifique et d’expression aux chercheurs et enseignants dont les travaux s’inscrivent dans le champ des humanités numériques. Elle s’adresse donc aux spécialistes des sciences humaines, des sciences sociales et des disciplines liées aux technologies de l’information, ainsi qu’à tous ceux qui se sentent concernés par les transformations numériques des savoirs.
      Humanités numériques est une revue numérique ouverte, à la fois par sa volonté de représenter la diversité des points de vue et par son choix d’une publication en open access. Émanation de l’association francophone Humanistica, elle est conçue comme une réponse collective à la revendication liminaire du Manifeste des Digital Humanities de 2010, première manifestation francophone de ce mouvement : pour constituer, faire connaître et faire reconnaître « une communauté de pratique solidaire, ouverte, accueillante et libre d’accès », nous avons besoin d’une culture commune, élaborée en français mais en constante relation avec les productions des autres aires linguistiques, fondée sur des références et des discussions d’un autre ordre que celles des séminaires, des colloques, des listes de diffusion, des blogs ou des réseaux sociaux.
      La rencontre des sciences de l’homme et de la société avec le calcul, avec l’informatique et avec la culture numérique se rattache à plus d’un demi-siècle de recherches et, au delà, aux métamorphoses millénaires des technologies de l’information. Penser cette histoire, ou plutôt ces histoires nationales et locales, est d’ailleurs l’une des orientations récentes des humanités numériques, qui – nous en prenons acte – incluent aussi bien les réflexions sur les infrastructures, les standards et les outils que la discussion de projets collaboratifs, aussi bien les propositions théoriques que l’inscription dans l’histoire des techniques, aussi bien l’étude des modalités d’accès et de diffusion que l’élaboration de méthodes d’analyse, aussi bien la description des pratiques informatiques devenues ordinaires que la possibilité de nouvelles cultures épistémiques, aussi bien, enfin, les enjeux de l’institutionnalisation que la critique des modes ou des idéologies. Cet inventaire est délibérément ouvert, car la recherche et l’enseignement vivent une époque de transition, dans laquelle les humanités numériques constituent avant tout, à nos yeux, une zone d’échange entre disciplines, entre métiers, entre cultures. Par ses articles et ses dossiers thématiques, et dans un second temps par l’introduction d’autres rubriques, la revue entend stimuler cette réinvention.
      Expérimentation, réflexivité, hybridation, dialogue : tels sont donc les maîtres mots de l’aventure scientifique que nous voulons accompagner, sans illusion technophile, sans irénisme technocratique, mais avec l’enthousiasme et le goût de la découverte qui colorent le plus souvent ces travaux. En vous proposant de contribuer aux premiers numéros de la revue, nous faisons le pari qu’il existe un vivier d’auteurs et d’acteurs prêts à objectiver, chroniquer et critiquer, au sens le plus riche du terme, l’évolution de leurs pratiques et de leur pensée.
      1Sous le titre « Disciplines et/ou humanités numériques », le premier numéro sera consacré aux relations entre les disciplines existantes et les technologies numériques. Il s’agira de saisir des pratiques collectives, des parcours personnels, des habitudes méthodologiques, des cadres institutionnels ou des méthodes d’enseignement, dans ce qu’ils ont de typique et d’intéressant. Les contributions pourront prendre la forme d’articles de recherche de format traditionnel, de témoignages et de retours d’expérience.
      2Le deuxième numéro, intitulé « Regards sur des projets en humanités numériques », offrira l’occasion de présenter et de problématiser des projets de recherche en insistant sur leurs aspects les plus pertinents : genèse, inspirations, objectifs scientifiques, modes d’élaboration, choix technologiques, types de collaboration, etc. Nous vous encourageons à proposer une lecture d’un projet même si vous n’en êtes pas l’un des principaux artisans, parce qu’il nous semble fécond de croiser le point de vue des porteurs de projets et celui des usagers que nous sommes tous. Expliciter les critères d’évaluation des projets en humanités numériques est l’un des axes de réflexion envisageables ; vous êtes cependant libres de définir l’approche qui vous convient.
      Vous pouvez également proposer des articles hors des thématiques de nos appels, tant que leur rapport avec les humanités numériques est apparent, ou bien des contributions décrivant des jeux de données scientifiques (data papers).
      Pour ces deux numéros, dont la publication est prévue en 2018, nous vous invitons à soumettre vos propositions pour le 15 décembre 2017 à l’adresse revue.humanistica@gmail.com. Ces propositions doivent être envoyées au format PDF exclusivement. La longueur des articles n’est pas prédéfinie, même si nous considérons que 50.000 signes, espaces et notes comprises, représentent une limite courante. Les références dans le texte doivent suivre le modèle « auteur-date » (par exemple, « Bourdieu 1977 ») et les références bibliographiques doivent être complètes et cohérentes. Il vous est possible d’intégrer à votre texte des images et des enregistrements audio ou vidéo.
      Après acceptation des articles, nous vous demanderons d’utiliser un modèle actuellement en cours de création. Les fichiers seront fournis dans l’un des formats suivants : DOC, DOCX, LaTeX, ODT ou XML TEI. Ils devront être accompagnés d’un fichier de bibliographie suivant un format structuré : BibTeX, RDF ou RIS ; l’export des références depuis un gestionnaire de bibliographie comme Zotero est recommandé.
      Les auteurs conservent leurs droits sur les articles, mais la publication dans la revue Humanités numériques se fera sous la licence internationale Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike (CC-BY-SA 4.0).
      Nous serons heureux d’échanger avec vous au sujet de vos projets de contributions, si cela vous paraît utile. Par ailleurs, vous pouvez d’ores et déjà nous contacter si vous souhaitez proposer des thèmes, des rubriques et des formats nouveaux.

      Comité de direction : Aurélien Berra, Emmanuel Château, Emmanuelle Morlock, Sébastien Poublanc, Émilien Ruiz, Nicolas Thély. Comité de rédaction : Anne Baillot, Clarisse Bardiot, Marie-Claire Beaulieu, Aurélien Berra, Aurélien Bénel, Jean-Baptiste Camps, Emmanuel Château, Frédéric Clavert, Björn-Olav Dozo, Martin Grandjean, Fatiha Idmhand, Mareike Koenig, Emmanuelle Morlock, Pierre Mounier, Enrico Natale, Sofia Papastamkou, Sébastien Poublanc, Yannick Rochat, Émilien Ruiz, Christof Schöch, Nicolas Thély, Seth Van Hooland. Comité scientifique : Bridget Almas, Paul Bertrand, Florence Clavaud, Claire Clivaz, Marin Dacos, Milad Doueihi, Jean-Daniel Fekete, Christian Jacob, Thomas Lebarbé, Claire Lemercier, Damon Mayaffre, Claudine Moulin, Serge Noiret, Elena Pierazzo, Laurent Romary, Dominique Roux, Michael Sinatra, Stéfan Sinclair, Dominique Stutzmann.

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Archaeology of Refugee and Forced Migration

      I spent some time this weekend reading Y. Hamilakis’s edited forum in the Journal of Contemporary Archaeology. Since Bret Weber, Richard Rothaus, and I contributed to the forum, we received an advanced copy and it’s my impression that the forum will be available very soon. The papers consisted of a wide range of reflections on the archaeology of forced and undocumented migrations. Most of the papers dealt explicitly with refugees, but a few, including ours on the Bakken in North Dakota, deal with other forms of undocumented migration which are more difficult to categorize.

      The articles are short and painfully evocative of the plight of modern migrants. Even if you don’t care about archaeology or are skeptical of its value in illuminating the modern world (which you shouldn’t be, but whatever!), the stories presented in this forum are worth reading and contemplating.

      There are some themes as well that extend far beyond the archaeology of forced and undocumented migrations and impact all archaeological work that intersects in a meaningful way with contemporary communities.

      1. Ethics. Almost all of the essays in this forum reflect seriously on the responsibilities and obligations of the archaeologist and ethnographer when studying vulnerable communities. Without explicitly outlining specific ethical positions or practices, the contributors demonstrated how their own encounters with refugees or the material culture of migration was both emotionally and intellectually demanding. From objects like the Tu Do ship in the Australia and the Lampedusa Cross in the British Museum, to maps of migrant movements, clothing, and graffiti, the challenges of using archaeological approaches to unpack the real lives of individuals courses through these essays in a raw and disquieting way. There are no simple imperatives or solutions presented here.

      2. Objects. I found the abundance of relatively un-theorized objects particularly refreshing. This isn’t to mean that objects weren’t considered carefully, respected, treated ethically, or placed within a historical, social, or cultural context. They were by all means. What was absent, however, from these short contributions was the intensive theorizing that objects have recently received from some archaeologists (and I’ll admit that I find the rise of “thing theory” and the material turn tremendously seductive. The objects in these contributions generally shied away from making claims to agency, from demands of symmetry with the archaeologist, and from entanglement in complex discursive ontologies.

      I’m not pointing this out to celebrate the absence of theory or as a critique. Instead, I wonder if the rawness of the this kind of archaeology makes objects somehow less susceptible to agency? 

      3. Methods. The contributions here – with a few exceptions – were also free from lengthy discussions of methods. Some of this is undoubtedly do to the relatively short length of the articles, but I wonder if some of it is also because the approaches to archaeology of the contemporary world are so relatively fluid. As people, objects, and places move, disappear, transform over short periods of time, methods become increasingly ad hoc as efforts to document the material experiences of refugee and migrants requires an acute sensitivity to the complexities of a particular situation.

      This isn’t to say that the contributors were not systematic and careful in their approaches, but, again, the intersection of object, places, and people seems to drive these contributions forward rather than a preoccupation with methods or methodology.

      4. Placemaking. Among the major themes in these essays is the challenge of placemaking in a condition dominated my placelessness or non-places. As the archaeology of the contemporary world approaches the supermodernity of contemporary existence, the challenge of understanding the contours and characters of non-places or places whose existence blinks on and off at the absolutely edge of archaeological awareness.

      Places like refugee cars, camps that are obliterated, coastline or offshore encounters, and ephemeral traces in the desert challenge archaeological resolution and practices (as well, of course, as methods). Whenever I think too hard about what archaeology can do in an era of placelessness I can’t avoid the fear that the tools and techniques associated most closely with the careful and reflective approaches of the humanities might require some modification to contribute to 21st century existence. The contributions included in this forum are a reason for hope, but also, for continued awareness that the past and the present are very different countries. 

      5. Archaeology of Care. Finally, I was really excited to see Richard Rothaus’s term an “archaeology of care” appear periodically in the volume (well, at least in our paper, Kostis Kourelis’s paper, and Y. Hamilakis’s introduction). I could’t help but notice throughout this forum that there were plenty of places where the interest of archaeologists in the lives and material reality of individuals gave as much to refugee and migrant communities as a well argued scholarly article or book. In other words, there were signs that a mutual understanding existed between scholars and migrants that their experiences were significant and important.

      If this forum does nothing else, I hope that it communicates this recognition. 

      July 23, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      New Open Access Journal: Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East

      Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East
      The study of the human past has conventionally been divided between two distinct academic disciplines depending upon the kind of evidence under investigation: “history”, with its focus on written records, and “archaeology”, which analyzes the remains of material culture.  Archaeology and Text: A Journal for the Integration of Material Culture with Written Documents in the Ancient Mediterranean and Near East aims to bridge this disciplinary divide by providing an international forum for scholarly discussions which integrate the studies of material culture with written documents. Interdisciplinary by nature, the journal offers a platform for professional historians and archaeologists alike to critically investigate points of confluence and divergence between the textual and the artifactual. We seek contributions from scholars working in the ancient Mediterranean and Near East.  Contributions with a theoretical or methodological focus on the interface between archaeology and text are especially encouraged. By publishing all of its articles online, the Archaeology and Text seeks to disseminate its published papers immediately after the peer-review and editorial processes have been completed, providing timely publication and convenient access.

      Volume 1 -2017

      For the entire document of this volume, please click here...


      Divination Texts of Maresha – Archeology and Texts

      Esther Eshel, Bar Ilan University, Ian Stern, Archaeological Seminars Institute, 7-26

      Toward an “Archaeology of Halakhah”: Prospects and Pitfalls of Reading Early Jewish Ritual Law into the Ancient Material Record

      Yontan Adler, Ariel University, 27-38

      Purity Observance among Diaspora Jews in the Roman World

      Jodi Magness, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 39-66

      Visual Models in Archaeology and Harmonization of Archaeological and Literary Data

      Catalin Pavel, Kennesaw State University, 67-94

      Reading Between the Lines: Jewish Mortuary Practices in Text and Archaeology

      Karen B. Stern, City University of New York, Brooklyn College, 95-114

      Complex Purity: Between Continuity and Diversity in Ancient Judaism

      Yair Furstenberg, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, 115-131

      Open Access Journal: De Rebus Antiquis

      [First posted in AWOL 20 December 2011. Updated 23 July 2017]

      De Rebus Antiquis
      ISSN 2250-4923
      DE REBUS ANTIQUIS es la publicación electrónica del Proyecto de Estudios Históricos Grecorromanos (PEHG) del Departamento de Historia de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Católica Argentina.
      Esta revista ha nacido con el objeto de dar marco institucional para la publicación de todas aquellas investigaciones de especialistas en esta área del conocimiento y gestar así un ámbito de debate en las temáticas y líneas de investigación más novedosas del tema que nos convoca.
      De revus Antiquis
      Año V, Num. 5 / 2015
      De Rebus Antiquis Nero. 6
      Año VI, Num. 6/2016

      Año I, Núm.1 / 2011

      Año II, Núm. 2 / 2012

      Año III, Núm.3 / 2013
      Año IV, Núm.4 / 2014
      Año IV, Núm.4 / 2014

      See AWOL's List of

      Open Access Journal: Kernos - Revue internationale et pluridisciplinaire de religion grecque antique

      [First posted in AWOL 23 February 2011. Most recently updated 23 July 2017]

      Kernos - Revue internationale et pluridisciplinaire de religion grecque antique
      ISSN électronique 2034-7871

      Kernos - Couverture du no 23 | 2010
      Kernos est la seule revue scientifique internationale entièrement consacrée à l’étude des faits et phénomènes religieux de la Grèce antique. Elle a pour ambition de fournir aux chercheurs en ce domaine, mais aussi à toute personne intéressée par les questions religieuses, un instrument de réflexion et des outils de travail pour progresser dans la connaissance du système religieux des Grecs.
      Actuellement, les textes des numéros 1 à 17 sont uniquement accessibles au format pdf [fac-similé], librement téléchargeables.

      Derniers numéros

      Numéros en texte intégral

      Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion (1993 – 2016): Concise Indexes

      [First posted in AWOL 27 January 2015, updated 23 July 2017]
      Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion (1993 – 2016) 
      by A. Chaniotis
      Concise Indexes by Stéphanie Paul and Hélène Collard, ULg
      In these three indexes, the numbers in brackets correspond to the different issues of Kernos where the Epigraphic Bulletin has been published. A number without brackets refers to the lemma in the issue mentioned just before.
      All but the most recent two volumes of Kernos, including the "Epigraphic Bulletin for Greek Religion" are available online open access.

      Open Access Journal: Inventory: News from the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World

      [First posted in AWOL 19 January 2015, updated 23 July 2017]

      Inventory: News from the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
      The Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World is dedicated to the academic study and public promotion of the archaeology and art of the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt, and Western Asia (the latter broadly construed as extending from Anatolia and the Levant to the Caucasus, and including the territories of the ancient Near East); our principal research interests lie in the complex societies of the pre-modern era. 

      June 2017

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on two workshops organized by the Joukowsky Institute – one in Bogotá, organized by faculty member Felipe Rojas, and another in Providence, organized by graduate students in Archaeology and Anthropology; Professor Yannis Hamilakis’s impressions of his first year at Brown University; and the successful completion of two Joukowsky Institute students’ doctorates (and three undergraduate honors theses); as well as Institute Director Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on the many new arrivals, bittersweet departures, and activism of the Institute and our community.

      June 2016

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on the successful completion of six doctorates (and one master’s), a class trip to Barcelona and Empúries, and Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on several significant developments at JIAAW.

      December 2015

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on a bone-based collaboration between geology and archaeology, a pungent course on culinary history, and the successful completion of a Joukowsky Institute student’s doctorate, as well as two perspectives on a recent conference honoring John Cherry, and Peter van Dommelen’s thoughts on his first semester as the Director of the Joukowsky Institute.

      May 2015

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on scientific analysis of Luristan bronzes, our ibis mummy's doctor's appointment, an exhibit on the past lives of Rhode Island Hall, two JIAAW doctorates, and the perils of summer fieldwork.

      January 2015

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on our “Archaeology for the People” competition, a field project in Turkey, a recent conference on archaeology in North Africa, and our ongoing excavations on Brown University’s campus.

      January 2014

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on the Joukowsky Institute Publications series, International Archaeology Day, a new field project in Sardinia, using RTI to reveal a relief on an Old Kingdom block, and our competition for accessible archaeological writing, “Archaeology for the People”.

      June 2013

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on Archaeology's Dirty Little Secrets, Ömür Harmanşah's new book, a recent conference on Greek archaeology, the siege of Rhode Island Hall, and the successful completion of two JIAAW students' doctorates.

      January 2013

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on JIAAW's two new permanent faculty members, visiting international students and faculty, an international colloquium on issues in Mediterranean prehistory, the fifth anniversary of our film series, and the successful completion of a JIAAW student's doctorate.

      May 2012

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online, with stories on Laurel Bestock's new field project in the Sudan, the Institute's recent symposium on archaeology in Turkey, ARCH 1715's installation recreating the terracotta warriors of the First Emperor's tomb, Sue Alcock's visit to Davos, the Arts of Rome's Provinces seminar, and three new doctors of archaeology.

      December 2011

      Fall/Winter Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2011

      Spring/Summer Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      December 2010

      Fall Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2010

      Spring Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      December 2009

      Fall Issue of "Inventory" The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      May 2009

      Spring Issue of "Inventory"
      The latest issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      October 2008

      Inaugural Issue of "Inventory"
      The Fall issue of "Inventory", the newsletter of the Joukowsky Institute, is now available online. To receive the next issue by mail or email, please join our mailing list.

      July 22, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Monograph Series: CENiM – Les Cahiers «Égypte Nilotique et Méditérranéenne»

      [First posted in AWOL 5 July 2010, updated 22 July 2017]

      CENiM – Les Cahiers «Égypte Nilotique et Méditérranéenne»
      ISSN 2102-6637
       Textes réunis par Christiane Zivie-Coche et Yannis Gourdon,  L’individu dans la religion égyptienne. Actes de la journée d’études de l’équipe EPHE (EA 4519) « Égypte ancienne : Archéologie, Langue, Religion » Paris, 27 juin 2014
      Textes réunis par Christiane Zivie-Coche et Yannis Gourdon
      Une journée d’études a été consacrée à « L’individu dans la religion égyptienne » en juin 2014, organisée conjointement par l’EPHE (EA 4519) et l’université Lumière Lyon 2 (HISoMA UMR 5189). Cette appellation volontairement très générale a été conservée comme titre de l’ouvrage qui en est issu pour tenter d’englober aussi largement que possible les champs fort divers où se manifeste la « piété individuelle » à travers toutes les époques de l’histoire de l’Égypte ; piété que l’on peut définir comme ne s’exerçant pas au cœur des temples selon les rituels officiels, mais qui n’en demeure pas moins conforme aux traits spécifiques de la religion égyptienne. Son histoire a été envisagée sur la longue durée depuis les premières manifestations de piété repérables au troisième millénaire (J. Baines, A. Pillon) jusqu’à l’époque romaine (Fr. Dunand). L’importance de l’anthroponymie comme marqueur de la dévotion envers les rois et les dieux a été soulignée (L. Coulon, Y. Gourdon). Le témoignage des documents mobiliers, stèles ou statues, funéraires ou votifs (C. De Visscher, M.M. Luiselli, L. Postel), du Moyen et du Nouvel Empire, comme de l’époque tardive, met en lumière la relation instaurée entre les hommes et leurs dieux.
       Collectif,  À l’école des scribes. Les écritures de l’Égypte ancienne
      Dans une Égypte désormais chrétienne, la maîtrise des écritures tradi­tionnelles liées aux ultimes soubresauts des cultes « païens » tomba ra­pidement dans l'oubli avec la disparition des derniers hiérogrammates, aux 1v"-v' siècles de notre ère. Elle devint dès lors un sujet de spéculation pour les savants de !'Antiquité tardive, puis pour les humanistes euro­péens à partir de la Renaissance. Il fallut néanmoins attendre 1822 et les débuts de la redécouverte du système hiéroglyphique par Jean-François Champollion pour renouer avec le savoir des scribes. Pourtant, malgré le vif engouement suscité par la civilisation égyptienne antique et les presque deux siècles de la discipline égyptologique, ces écritures restent encore pour beaucoup synonyme de « mystères » ... Cet ouvrage présente quelque soixante-dix pièces, œuvres majeures ou moins connues principalement issues des collections du musée du Louvre, ainsi que d'autres, inédites, provenant de collections privées et universitaire, en les analysant à l'aune des dernières avancées de la recherche égyptologique. Il propose d'une part une vision synthétique claire de ces différentes écritures (hiéroglyphique, hiératique et démo­tique), de leurs spécificités et emplois respectifs ; il permet d'autre part d'évoquer leur réception aux époques ultérieures et, de manière plus large, la place de l'écrit dans les sociétés.

       Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers,  Documents de Théologies Thébaines Tardives (D3T 3)
      Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers
      Les contributions réunies dans ce troisième volume font état de travaux récents sur les pratiques religieuses qui se sont développées dans la région thébaine au cours du premier millénaire avant notre ère. Elles abordent de multiples questions relatives aux théologies construites autour des dieux-morts de Djémê et de leur développement à Médamoud, mais également liées aux cultes osiriens et à ceux des souverains lagides divinisés. Au sein de ce creuset intellectuel, les prêres ont également développé tout leur savoir pour assurer la survie dans l’Au-delà dont témoignent les livres des morts sur papyrus et les compositions funéraires gravées dans les tombes tardives de l’Assassif.

      Alexandra Nespoulous-Phalippou,  Ptolémée Épiphane, Aristonikos et les prêtres d’Égypte. Le Décret de Memphis (182 a.C.). Édition commentée des stèles Caire RT 2/3/25/7 et JE 44901
      Alexandra Nespoulous-Phalippou
      Publiées au début du siècle dernier par G. Daressy, les deux stèles hiéroglyphiques RT 2/3/25/7 et JE 44901 conservées au Musée égyptien du Caire constituent les seuls exemplaires connus à ce jour du décret du synode de prêtres qui eut lieu à Memphis, en l’an 23 du règne de Ptolémée Épiphane. Cette première étude commentée du Décret de Memphis (182 a.C.) se propose de fournir une version normalisée de ces textes suivant une édition synoptique, un apparat critique, une traduction, un commentaire philologique, de même que les photographies et les fac-similés des documents. Leur analyse permet de réévaluer leur apport au règne d’Épiphane : cérémonie en l’honneur d’un taureau Mnévis à Memphis, évergétisme des souverains à l’égard des clergés égyptiens, mesures politiques ponctuelles (amnistie pénale en l’an 21 du règne, exemptions de taxe). Leur intérêt majeur réside en la présence d’un récit historique développé. Relatant la répression de révoltes indigènes dans le Delta, il met en exergue l’intervention victorieuse du commandant en chef de la cavalerie Aristonikos dans la région de Tell el-Balamoun. Intégrés dans l’ensemble des actes des décrets synodaux du règne d’Épiphane, ces documents, inhabituels par leur forme et leur contenu, sont ainsi replacés dans leur contexte rédactionnel, historique et politique. C’est notamment à travers la problématique de l’évolution des relations entre la Couronne alexandrine et les clergés indigènes que cette documentation officielle est appréhendée.
       Textes réunis et édités par M Massiera, B. Mathieu et Fr. Rouffet,  Apprivoiser le sauvage / Taming the Wild
      Textes réunis et édités par M Massiera, B. Mathieu et Fr. Rouffet
      Comme toutes les autres cultures, antiques ou modernes, la civilisation pharaonique a su exploiter les spécificités de la faune sauvage présente dans son environnement, aussi bien dans ses modes de représentation du monde que dans ses rouages économiques et institutionnels. Les auteurs de ce volume vous invitent donc à découvrir différents articles portant sur le monde animal en Égypte ancienne.

       Édités par Christiane Zivie-Coche,  Offrandes, rites et rituels dans les temples d’époques ptolémaïque et romaine. Actes de la journée d’études de l’équipe EPHE (EA 4519) « Égypte ancienne : Archéologie, Langue, Religion » Paris, 27 juin 2013
      Édités par Christiane Zivie-Coche
      L’étude des scènes rituelles dans les temples des époques ptolémaïque et romaine est une thématique qui a suscité dans les dernières décennies un intérêt jamais démenti, comme en témoigne, à titre d’exemple, la collection Rites égyptiens, dont bien des volumes sont ainsi consacrés à tel ou tel rite attesté dans les temples tardifs. Néanmoins, la masse documentaire que nous offrent les édifices de cette époque est considérable, et la complexité de la « grammaire » du temple, qu’il s’agisse de l’analyse de scènes individuelles ou de celle de l’organisation plus globale du programme pariétal, est loin d’être aujourd’hui totalement disséquée dans les grands et plus petits temples de la période. Plusieurs membres de l’équipe « Égypte ancienne » de l’EPHE, doctorants ou post-doctorants, avaient émis le souhait qu’une journée d’études soit organisée à la fin de l’année académique 2013 pour évoquer ces questions et confronter des points de vue différents. Cela a abouti à la tenue, à l’EPHE, d’une telle journée, le 27 juin 2013.

       Réunis par Gaëlle Tallet et Christiane Zivie-Coche,  Le myrte & la rose. Mélanges offerts à Françoise Dunand par ses élèves, collègues et amis
      Réunis par Gaëlle Tallet et Christiane Zivie-Coche
      De nombreux étudiants, collègues et amis de Françoise Dunand, professeur émérite d’histoire des religions à l’université de Strasbourg, ont souhaité s’associer à l’hommage qui lui est rendu à travers ces deux volumes. La diversité des contributions organisées par thèmes reflète parfaitement le parcours singulier de la récipiendaire. De formation classique, Françoise Dunand s’est très vite orientée vers la papyrologie grecque d’abord, puis vers l’étude des cultes isiaques, ainsi qu’on les a appelés. Sa rencontre avec l’Égypte fut décisive pour le choix ultérieur de ses champs d’études : religion dans l’Égypte hellénistique et romaine sous ses formes de continuité et d’innovations, travail de terrain dans les nécropoles des oasis occidentales, poursuivi aujourd’hui encore. Reflet même de son enseignement et de ses recherches, témoignage de son rayonnement, on passera des éditions de papyrus au « cercle isiaque », des pratiques funéraires de l’Égypte tardive en faveur des hommes comme des animaux, du rôle des images à l’histoire des religions, des études sur les oasis à celles sur les femmes.

       Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers,  Documents de Théologies Thébaines Tardives (D3T 2)
      Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers
      Le présent ouvrage poursuit les investigations sur différents aspects des théologies et des pratiques religieuses mises en oeuvre dans la région thébaine. Les contributions mettent particulièrement en exergue le rôle majeur joué par la Butte de Djémê et les temples de Karnak, lieux de création des théologies les plus sophistiquées. Les liens avec les grands centres de Haute Égypte, les temples thébains et ceux de l’oasis de Kharga sont également mis en lumière.

       Françoise Dunand, Bahgat Ahmed Ibrahim, Roger Lichtenberg,  Le matériel archéologique et les restes humains de la nécropole de Dabashiya
      Françoise Dunand, Bahgat Ahmed Ibrahim, Roger Lichtenberg
      Cet ouvrage est le résultat le plus récent de la collaboration ancienne initiée par l’Inspecteur en Chef du Service des Antiquités de Kharga, Bahgat Ahmed Ibrahim, et ses collaborateurs, avec l’équipe française dirigée par Françoise Dunand qui travaille depuis maintenant trente ans sur les nécropoles de l’oasis de Kharga. Après l’exploration et la publication de la nécropole de Douch par l’équipe française dans le cadre de l’IFAO, sa collaboration avec le Service des Antiquités s’est matérialisée par l’étude de la nécropole d’Aïn el-Labakha, explorée par les Inspecteurs égyptiens, avec pour résultat un ouvrage paru en 2008. Le présent volume est consacré à la description du site de Dabashiya, dont la nécropole a été explorée par l’équipe égyptienne, à l’étude des momies et du mobilier funéraire de la tombe inviolée n° 22 ainsi qu’au catalogue des objets découverts dans les tombes. Ce site de Dabashiya est d’un intérêt tout particulier, non seulement par ses spécificités, mais par les comparaisons qu’il permet avec les différents sites de l’oasis déjà explorés. On a là encore une mine d’informations sur les pratiques funéraires, bien entendu, et aussi sur les techniques et le mode de vie des habitants de l’oasis aux époques ptolémaïque et romaine.

      Frédéric Servajean,  Quatre études sur la bataille de Qadech
      Frédéric Servajean
      Avec Megiddo, Qadech est la seule bataille relativement bien connue de la fin de l’âge du bronze. Cependant, contrairement à la première, qui opposa Thoutmosis III à une coalition dirigée par le prince de Qadech, la bataille qui va nous occuper n’a cessé de retenir l’attention des chercheurs. L’importance de la documentation et sa nature pourraient expliquer cela, les textes et les figurations du Poème, du Bulletin et des Reliefs ayant été gravés ou consignés sur les parois de nombreux grands temples et ailleurs. Le fait que cette documentation ne permette pas de reconstituer la bataille dans son ensemble et que certains points restent encore débattus pourraient aussi l’expliquer. Mais il y a probablement une autre raison, de nature psychologique. Car le chercheur perçoit bien qu’à Qadech, il s’est produit quelque chose d’inhabituel, quelque chose ayant justement motivé cette profusion de textes dans lesquels Ramsès se met en scène, combattant seul avec l’aide d’Amon. Au point que l’on a pu écrire que Qadech fut une bataille perdue par les Égyptiens. Mais, simultanément, on se rend bien compte, à l’issue des différentes reconstitutions de celle-ci, que ce ne fut pas le cas. Certes, il ne s’agit pas d’une victoire brillante, comme l’avait été auparavant Megiddo, mais c’est un fait : à Qadech même, Ramsès ne fut pas vaincu.

       Textes réunis et édités par A. Gasse, Fr. Servajean, et Chr. Thiers,  Et in Ægypto et ad Ægyptum, Recueil d’études dédiées à Jean-Claude Grenier
      Textes réunis et édités par A. Gasse, Fr. Servajean, et Chr. Thiers
      Étudiants, collègues et amis, égyptologues, hellénistes ou romanistes – nombreux sont les auteurs qui ont tenu à offrir leur contribution à ces Études dédiées à Jean-Claude Grenier, titulaire de la chaire d’égyptologie de l’université Paul Valéry-Montpellier 3. L’extrême variété des sujets abordés offre un reflet fidèle de la multiplicité des intérêts qu’a toujours manifesté Jean-Claude Grenier pour l’histoire antique de la Vallée du Nil et du monde méditerranéen des Césars. C’est aussi une brillante illustration des innombrables étincelles que peut allumer un savant aussi chaleureux dans des esprits différents par leur formation, par leurs intérêts et leur culture. Ces participations aussi généreuses qu’enthousiastes occupent quatre volumes et couvrent plus de deux mille ans d’histoire. Outre des études d’égyptologie « classique », on y trouvera nombre de travaux consacrés aux dernières périodes de l’histoire de l’Égypte ancienne : l’Égypte sous domination romaine et la diffusion des croyances égyptiennes hors d’Égypte sont abordées de manière multiforme. Ces pages d’égyptologie originale s’inscrivent in Ægypto et ad Ægyptum…
      814 pages. 70 euros plus frais de port ou 20 euros + frais de port chaque volume separement
      TelechargerTable des matière au format PDF - Commander Commander cet ouvrage : edition.enim@gmail.com

      Stéphane Pasquali,  Topographie cultuelle de Memphis 1 a- Corpus. Temples et principaux quartiers de la XVIIIe dynastie
      Stéphane Pasquali
      Corpus des sources relatives à la topographie cultuelle de la ville de Memphis à la XVIIIe dynastie. Celui-ci est constitué de trois listes : A) les monuments royaux d’origine memphite (vestiges archéologiques, fondations palatiales et cultuelles attestées textuellement), B) une prosopographie du personnel des dieux de la région memphite, C) les sources concernant le quartier de Pérounéfer ainsi que l’arsenal et le port de Memphis jusqu’au début de la XIXe dynastie. Cet ouvrage est le premier volume des monographies associées au projet Topographie cultuelle de Memphis de l’équipe d'égyptologie de l'UMR 5140 (CNRS-Université Paul Valéry-Montpellier III).

       Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers,  Documents de Théologies Thébaines Tardives (D3T 1)
      Textes réunis et édités par Christophe Thiers
      Le présent ouvrage réunit une dizaine de contributions mettant en exergue différentes facettes des théologies qui se sont développées au coeur de la région thébaine dans le courant du Ier millénaire avant notre ère et plus spécifiquement dans les temples des époques ptolémaïque et romain
      242 pages, 20 euros + frais de port.
      TelechargerTable des matière au format PDF - Commander Commander cet ouvrage
       Textes réunis et édités par Isabelle Régen et Frédéric Servajean,  Verba manent. Recueil d’études dédiées à Dimitri Meeks par ses collègues et amis
      Textes réunis et édités par Isabelle Régen et Frédéric Servajean
      Trente-six études dédiées par ses amis et collègues à l’égyptologue français Dimitri Meeks. Ces contributions portent sur l’histoire, l’archéologie, la religion, la langue (lexicographie, paléographie) et l’environnement naturel de l’Égypte pharaonique. Autant de domaines que Dimitri Meeks a enrichis par des apports décisifs avec un savoir et un talent unanimement reconnus.
      467 pages, 40 euros + frais de port.
      TelechargerTable des matière au format PDF - Commander Commander cet ouvrage
      Jean-Claude Grenier,  L'Osiris ANTINOOS
      Jean-Claude Grenier
      Cinq contributions pour approcher par des propositions nouvelles la question posée par l’ « affaire Antinoos » et la fabrication du dernier des dieux : une traduction des inscriptions de l’obélisque romain (l’Obélisque Barberini) qui se dressait sur le site de la tombe d’Antinoos et raconte son apothéose, la question de l’emplacement de cette tombe peut-être à Rome dans les Jardins de Domitia, sur la rive droite du Tibre, où Hadrien fit élever son tombeau dynastique (le Château Saint Ange), une évocation des circonstances de la mort d’Antinoos sans doute à l’issue d’une chasse au lion qui se déroula dans la région d’Alexandrie au début du mois d’août 130, quelques remarques sur la nature « royale » d’Antinoos et une analyse du contexte alexandrin de l’année 130 qui pesant sur sa divinisation fit, peut-être, d’Antinoos un dieu « politique » au lendemain de la « Guerre Juive » qui avait ensanglanté l’Égypte et à la veille de l’ultime conflit qui allait éclater entre l’Empire et la Judée.

      Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

      The mystery picture of the Quirinal temple and the newly built Quirinal palace

      I mentioned several times a fascinating drawing, of unknown origin, that I found on the web in very low resolution.  It depicts the remains of the vast temple on the Quirinal, as it was before 1630, together with the newly built Quirinal palace – today the residence of the Italian president.  But I was never able to find out where it came from, or read the lettering on the image.

      Today, finally, I have managed to find a higher-resolution image.  This is to be found at Stanford University, among the papers of … none other than Rudolfo Lanciani!  The link is here.  Sadly they prohibit downloading, but I was able to get a better image than we have had before.  Click on it to expand.

      The item is dated 1600 by the cataloguers: “Width: 380 mm x Height: 202 mm, date: 1600, medium: copper engravings (visual works), views, copper engraving, and incisione a rame, inventory numbers: 32674 and Roma XI.53.13”.

      The lettering also becomes visible.  It is in two lines, the first in Latin, the second in Italian.  At extreme left is what looks like a monogram: AG.  As we have seen, this is Aloisio Giovannoli, and the date is actually 1616, and the title is “Il Quirinale con frontespizio di Nerone, Aloisio Giovannoli“.  Then we read:

      A – Templum Solis pars II.  B – Palatium Quirinale.  C – Sacellum Pontificium a Srno. D. Nro. Paulo V Pont Max exaedificatum, ac maior eiusdem Palatii pars ad Meridie S. Agnes clam effertur in eius suburbium ad sepeliedum, in quo postmodum ei replum dedicatum est.

      A – Tempio del Sol parte II.  B – Palazzo di Monte Cavallo. C – Capella Pontificale fatta di Nro Sig. Papa Paolo Quinto Pont. Massimo con la maggior parte del detto Palazzo a Mezzogiorno S. Agnesa e portatu alla sepoltura di nascosto in un suo campo doue hora e la sua chiesa.

      It is then followed by “Foglio 61”.

      Googling, I find that this is plainly part of a series by Aloisio Giovandolli, 1550(?)-1618, whose monogram was apparently ALO.G.  The BNF in Paris indicate that he published the following item in Rome in 1616: Vedute degli antichi vestigi di Roma di Alo Giovannoli in due parti [Texte imprimé] : la prima contiene mausolei, archi, colonne, e fabbriche pubbliche, la seconda rapprasenta terme, anfiteatri, e tempj. Comprese in rami 106. Parte prima [-seconda].  Physically it was “1 carte, 106 est. [1-44 ; 45-106] ; in-fol, oblong”.  They add “Alo Giovannoli publia en 1616 les ruines des vestiges de Rome. La biblioteca del Museo di Roma donne 1750 comme date d’édition.”

      The book itself can be found online at Arache, at the University of Köln, at http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/books/Giovannoli1616.   And it can be downloaded at very high res (575 mb!), if you can work through the confusing menus (the trick is to click on the top link in the pop-up box and ignore all the stuff below).  Oddly the PDF is in reverse order.  But on p.94 of the PDF, large as life is … our plate.

      Even better, plate 60 is another engraving of the temple.  I was unable to work out how to extract it from the PDF, but here’s a screen grab.  Looking from the west, as Giovanolli tells us.

      On p.218 of the PDF is a map of Rome, with a list of monuments.

      I wonder if I should email Stanford with this additional data?

      Some dictionary material on the Quirinal temple of the Sun / Serapis

      I was able to acquire access to a couple of reference tomes, and see what they had to say about this huge but mysterious temple.  Here’s the first of them.  Sadly the figure was not well reproduced in my copy.

      From L. Richardson, A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, 1992, 341-2:

      Remains of a very large temple that faced east stood south of Montecavallo until the seventeenth century. Together with its stair, this extended from Piazza della Pilotta to the fountain of Montecavallo (Fig. 72). The rear corner of the temple, built of blocks of peperino and carrying the marble entablature and a corner of the pediment, against which was built a medieval defense tower, was known variously as Torre Mesa, Torre di Mecenate, and Frontispizio di Nerone. Remains of a great stair leading to the temple from the plain below still survive in the gardens of Palazzo Colonna and the Pontificia Universita Gregoriana, and records of these have been left by artists, notably van Heemskerck, who gives a panorama of what was to be seen in the sixteenth century (2.81 v, 82 r). There are also a plan by Palladio (Zorzi pls. 153-55 ) and drawings of the entablature and corner of the pediment by Serlio and the Anonymous Destailleur (RomMitt 52 [1937]: 95 fig. 1). Fragments of the architecture, including an architrave block, parts of the frieze, and the corner block of the pediment, still lie in the gardens of Palazzo Colonna.

      This complex was the subject of a famous debate toward the end of the nineteenth century between Hulsen, who wished to identify it as the Temple of Serapis (see Serapis, Aedes), built by Caracalla, and Lanciani, who held it to be the Temple of Sol (see Sol, Templum) built by Aurelian. Each advanced relays of argument for his identification, and since then topographers have generally held for one theory or the other. Most recently Nash (2.376-83) and Lugli (Lugli 1938, 304-7 ) have sided with Hulsen, whereas M . Santangelo (MemPontAcc, ser. 3.5 [1940-41]: 154-77 ) has sided with Lanciani. Only H. Kàhler (RomMitt 52 [1937]: 9 4 —105) has been bold enough to reject both identifications, yet he is unquestionably correct. The architectural ornament of the temple is unmistakably Hadrianic (cf. PBSR, n.s., 8, vol. 21 [1953]: 118-51 [D. Strong]). Moreover, the pronaos, as Palladio has drawn it, is a close congener of the pronaos of Hadrian’s Pantheon, with its lines of columns leading back to important niches between pronaos and cella. It has been argued that the brickwork in the walls of the monumental stair approaching the temple is typically Severan (see Lugli 1938, 306-7), but there seems to have been no confirmation of this from the evidence of brickstamps. If it is Severan, it must be a later addition to a Hadrianic building.

      Palladio shows the temple as peripteral, sine postico, pseudo-dipteral, with twelve columns on the façade and fourteen down the flanks. It is mounted on a platform with seven steps running around the three colonnaded sides. The pronaos is deep, with eight columns in pairs behind the third, fifth, eighth, and tenth columns of the façade. These flank niches in the cella wall, semicircular to either side, and rectangular for the door in the middle. The interior is believed to have been hypaethral, with colonnades down the sides in two storeys, Ionic below, Corinthian above. The total height of the main order has been calculated as 21.17 m (Alberti), the entablature as 4.83 m. It was a huge temple, on the order of the Temple of Venus et Roma, and set at the back of a large precinct finished, at least along the back, with a wall behind an addorsed colonnade, in the bays of which were niches, alternately rectangular and semicircular. At the front of the precinct were found the statues of the horse tamers that still adorn Montecavallo, although perhaps they belonged to the Thermae Constantinianae (MemPontAcc, ser. 3.5 [1940-41]: 158, 161 [M. Santangelo]).

      The approach from the plain of the Campus Martius was complicated, and the drawings of it are difficult to read. It consisted of a double stair on each side of an open court, the inner stair on each side steeper than the outer. The stairs were roofed, so there was a subtle element of surprise introduced, but there were windows along the sides, so one could admire the view along the way. At the top one had to make a detour to enter the precinct, where the view of the flank of the temple would be enhanced. The stairs were carried on vaults, and a number of vaulted chambers filled the back of the court between them. It is not clear what the use of these rooms may have been. Lanciani (LS 1.38) believed that blocks of these stairs were robbed in 1348 to build the stair leading up to the church of S. Maria in Aracoeli.

      The arguments in favor of identifying this as the Temple of Salus are simply that it is in approximately the right place with respect to the Porta Salutaris and would have a certain prominence, consonant with its having been repeatedly struck by lightning. We know of no Hadrianic rebuilding of the Temple of Salus, but coins bearing the image of Salus and the legend Salus Augusti are particularly numerous in Hadrian’s principate (see, e.g., B. M. Coins. Rom. Emp. 3. cxlviii-clxix).

      RomMitt 52 (1937): 94-105 (H. Kahler); Lugli 1938, 304-7 ; MemPontAcc, ser. 3.5 (1940-41): 154-77 (M. Santangelo); PBSR, n.s., 8, vol. 21 (1953): 118-51 (D. E. Strong); Nash 2.376-83 ; M. A. Marwood, The Roman Cult of Salus (BAR, Int. Ser. 465 [1988]): especially 2-15 .

      [Lugli, G. I monumenti antichi di Romae suburbio. Vol. 3, A traverso le regioni. Rome 1938.
      MemPontAcc = Memorie: Atti délla Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia.
      PBSR = Papers of the British School at Rome.
      RomMitt = Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Römische Abteilung.]

      From my diary

      I’ve been at home this week with a cold, so I have been distracting myself by searching on my phone for material about the Quirinal temple.  But I shall have to go back to work on Monday, I think, boxes of tissues and all.

      A colleague is looking for manuscripts online containing Chrysostom’s Expositio in Psalmos. (Pinakes list here).  It’s not clear that anything much is online, even now.  The Vatican digitisations seem to have skipped these mss.  I looked at the British Library, French National Library, and Spanish; nothing much.

      Getting up, I look out of the window.  Rain is falling through the sunlight.

      I’ve still got quite a bit of material about the Quirinal temple to post.  But I do not know whether I shall get to it or not.

      I also have a pile of books which I wanted to turn into PDFs.  These will have to wait.  I also would like to get back to translating Eutychius, but this too must wait.  I’ve been collecting some recent scholarship on the quotations in the works of Eusebius of Caesarea.  But again I haven’t got to it.  So much to do.

      During the week I am again in a hotel.  Sadly I find that in the evenings I must just relax, rather than sit at the computer, as I have done all day.  Oh well.  We can only do what we can do.

      Perseus Digital Library Updates

      Design Sprint for Perseus 5.0/Open Greek and Latin

      [This notice has been published quickly so as to make the materials announced here available to interested developers as quickly as possible. The text is subject to correction and revision and has already been updated several times since it was initially posted.]

      We announced in June that Center for Hellenic Studies had signed a contract with Intrepid.io to conduct a design sprint that would support Perseus 5.0 and the Open Greek and Latin collection that it will include. Our goal was to provide a sample model for a new interface that would support searching and reading of Greek, Latin, and other historical languages. The report from that sprint was handed over to CHS yesterday and we, in turn, have made these materials available, including both the summary presentation and associated materials. The goal is to solicit comment and to provide potential applicants to the planned RFP with access to this work as soon as possible.

      The sprint took just over two weeks and was an intensive effort. An evolving Google Doc with commentary on the Intrepid Wrap-up slides for the Center for Hellenic studies should now be visible. Readers of the report will see that questions remain to be answered. How will we represent Perseus, Open Greek and Latin, Open Philology, and other efforts? One thing that we have added and that will not change will be the name of the system that this planned implementation phase will begin: whether it is Perseus, Open Philology or some other name, it will be powered by the Scaife Digital Library Viewer, a name that commemorates Ross Scaife, pioneer of Digital Classics and a friend whom many of us will always miss.

      The Intrepid report also includes elements that we will wish to develop further — students of Greco-Roman culture may not find “relevance” a helpful way to sort search reports. The Intrepid Sprint greatly advanced our own thinking and provided us with a new starting point. Anyone may build upon the work presented here — but they can also suggest alternate approaches.

      Scheduling. Our expectation is that we will have a draft to the Leipzig purchasing office by Monday July 31 and that applicants will have two weeks to prepare a bid, and that we will select a bid within two weeks (hopefully sooner) — the major variable is moving the draft through our administration. Our goal now is to produce a succinct Request for Proposals that we can move through the administrative system at the University of Leipzig as quickly as possible. At present, our goal is for the major work to take place from October through December, with debugging and tweaking to take place in January and February, with a formal roll out tentatively scheduled for March 15, 2018, ten years after Ross, passed away at an all too early age.

      In developing our plans we work closely with the Alpheios Project. Alpheios developed the best reading reading environment for Greek with which I am familiar and did so almost a decade ago. Alpheios is now preparing to update its tools and Perseus 5.0 will work as closely as possible with Alpheios to minimize duplication of effort. Those submitting a proposal for the Leipzig RFP should familiar themselves with Alpheios and especially with the reading environment that Alpheios has provided for the first book of the Odyssey. This environment only runs under Firefox and it depends upon Firefox features that are supposed to disappear. The upcoming rewrite will address this problem, but the environment still runs on my Macbook as of July 22, 2017. Source code for this reading environment is available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/alpheios/.

      Applicants should provide estimates for a core set of deliverables that they can guarantee, as well as additional work that they can reasonably expect to accomplish.

      Note: While the OGL/Perseus team can address many of the technical issues raised by Greek and Latin and many of the particular use cases that students of these languages face, we welcome applications that bring expertise in this area. Although we recognize the potential challenges of dividing the work, we nevertheless will entertain the possibility of dividing the work among more than one party if different contractors bring distinctive strength.

      At the moment we would summarize core deliverables as:

      1. A new reading environment that captures the basic functionality of the Perseus 4.0 reading environment but that is more customizable and that can be localized efficiently into multiple modern languages, with Arabic, Persian, German and English as the initial target languages. The overall Open Greek and Latin team is, of course, responsible for providing the non-English content. The Scaife DL Viewer should make it possible for us to localize into multiple languages as efficiently as possible.
      2. The reading environment should be designed to support any CTS-compliant collection and should be easily configured with a look and feel for different collections.
      3. The reading environment should contain a lightweight treebank viewer — we don’t need to support editing of treebanks in the reading environment. The functionality that the Alpheios Project provided for the first book of the Odyssey would be more than adequate. Treebanks are available under the label “diagram” when you double-click on a Greek word.
      4. The reading environment should support dynamic word/phrase level alignments between source text and translation(s). Here again, the The functionality that the Alpheios Project provided for the first book of the Odyssey would be adequate. More recent work implementing this functionality is visible at Tariq Yousef’s work at http://divan-hafez.com/ and http://ugarit.ialigner.com/.
      5. The system must be able to search for both specific inflected forms and for all forms of a particular word (as in Perseus 4.0) in CTS-compliant epiDoc TEI XML. The search will build upon the linguistically analyzed texts available in https://github.com/gcelano/CTSAncientGreekXML. This will enable searching by dictionary entry, by part of speech, and by inflected form. For Greek, the base collection is visible at the First Thousand Years of Greek website (which now has begun to accumulate a substantial amount of later Greek). CTS-compliant epiDoc Latin texts can be found at https://github.com/OpenGreekAndLatin/csel-dev/tree/master/data and https://github.com/PerseusDL/canonical-latinLit/tree/master/data.
      6. The system should ideally be able to search Greek and Latin that is available only as uncorrected OCR-generated text in hOCR format. Here the results may follow the image-front strategy familiar to academics from sources such as Jstor. If it is not feasible to integrate this search within the three months of core work, then we need a plan for subsequent integration that Leipzig and OGL members can implement later.
      7. The new system must be scalable and updating from Lucene to Elasticsearch is desirable. While these collections may not be large by modern standards, they are substantial. Open Greek and Latin currently has c. 67 million words of Greek and Latin at various stages of post-processing and c. 90 million words of addition translations from Greek and Latin into English,French, German and Italian, while the Lace Greek OCR Project has OCR-generated text for 1100 volumes.
      8. The system integrate translations and translation alignments into the searching system, so that users can search either in the original or in modern language translations where we provide this data. This goes back to work by David Bamman in the NEH-funded Dynamic Lexicon Project (when he was a researcher at Perseus at Tufts). For more recent examples of this, see http://divan-hafez.com/ and Ugarit. Note that one reason to adopt CTS URNs is to simplify the task of display translations of source texts — the system is only responsible for displaying translations insofar as they are available via the CTS API.
      9. The system must provide initial support for a user profile. One benefit of the profile is that users will be able to define their own reading lists — and the Scaife DL Viewer will then be able to provide personalized reading support, e.g., word X already showed up in your reading at places A, B, and C, while word Y, which is new to you, will appear 12 times in the rest of your planned readings (i.e., you should think about learning that word). By adopting the CTS data model, we can make very precise reading lists, defining precise selections from particular editions of particular works. We also want to be able to support an initial set of user contributions that are (1) easy to implement technically and (2) easy for users to understand and perform. Thus we would support fixing residual data entry errors, creating alignments between source texts and translations, improving automated part of speech tagging and lemmatization but users would go to external resources to perform more complex tasks such as syntactic markup (treebanking).
      10. We would welcome a bids that bring to bear expertise in the EPUB format and that could help develop a model for representing for representing CTS-compliant Greek and Latin sources in EPUB as a mechanism to make these materials available on smartphones. We can already convert our TEI XML into EPUB. The goal here is to exploit the easiest ways to optimize the experience. We can, for example, convert one or more of our Greek and Latin lexica into the EPUB Dictionary format and use our morphological analyses to generate links from particular forms in a text to the right dictionary entry or entries. Can we represent syntactically analyzed sentences with SVG? Can we include dynamic translation alignments?
      11. Bids should consider including a design component. We were very pleased with the Design Sprint that took place in July 2017 and would like to include a follow-up Design Sprint in early 2018 that will consider (1) next steps for Greek and Latin and (2) generalizing our work to other historical languages. This Design Sprint might well go to a separate contractor (thus providing us also with a separate point of view on the work done so far).
      12. Work must be build upon the Canonical Text Services Protocol. Bids should be prepared to build upon https://github.com/Capitains, but should also be able to build upon other CTS servers (e.g., https://github.com/ThomasK81/LightWeightCTSServer and cts.informatik.uni-leipzig.de).
      13. All source code must be available on Github under an appropriate open license so that third parties can freely reuse and build upon it.
      14. Source code must be designed and documented to facilitate actual (not just legally possible) reuse.
      15. The contractor will have the flexibility to get the job done but will be expected to work as closely as possible with, and to draw wherever possible upon the on-going work done by, the collaborators who are contributing to Open Greek and Latin. The contractor must have the right to decide how much collaboration makes sense.

      Criteria for selection of the contractor. Again, this description is preliminary and non-binding. It represents our current and evolving view of what we will ultimately decide.

      1. Price is important but it is by no means the most important factor.
      2. A credible plan that reflects the available portfolio of work by the contractor.
      3. A demonstrated understanding of the work and its goals. The Intrepid plan with commentary listed above provide a blueprint but we welcome proposals that suggest alternatives or add additional critiques. Even if such alternatives are not adopted, they can illustrate an understanding of the work that we propose.
      4. An understanding of working with Greek and Latin would be desirable, though it is not essential and not by itself enough. If necessary, Perseus and Open Greek and Latin collaborators can provide leadership here but expertise from the contractor would be most welcome.
      5. Proposals will be reviewed by international experts and must be in English. Likewise, the language of the contracted work will be English..

      Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

      Job opportunities with the England and France 700-1200 Project

      We are pleased to announce that the British Library is recruiting for two new positions for The Polonsky Foundation England and France Project: Manuscripts from the British Library and the Bibliothèque nationale de France, 700-1200. Both positions are full time, fixed term positions, for 1 year, in the Ancient, Medieval...

      July 21, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Avestan Digital Archive (ADA)

       [First posted in AWOL 26 July 2012. Updated 21 July 2017]

      Avestan Digital Archive (ADA)
      First Slide
      The Avestan Digital Archive (ADA) seeks to be a digital archive containing all Avestan manuscripts spread all over the world. The Avesta, the holy book of the Zoroastrian religion, was last edited at the end of the 90s of the 19th century by the German scholar K. F. Geldner. We claim that presently a new edition is needed. The main reasons are:
      • In the last decades some manuscripts Geldner did not have access to have become available.
      • Geldner did not check by himself all the manuscripts used for his edition. For some of them he had access only to copies or collations by other colleagues. This was the source of several mistakes in his edition.
      • The methods of textual criticism have strongly changed since Geldner and many methodological decisions of Geldner seem today unacceptable. The most important one is undoubtedly that he does not record systematically all the variae lectiones (or a selection according to well established criteria), but only the variants he considered important for the establishment of a sure text.
      • Even when he checked the manuscript by himself and recorded the variae lectiones, he made mistakes more often than expected.
      For all these reasons it has become a true need to provide the scholars with reasonably sure readings of the extant Avestan texts. But a new edition of the Avesta is a huge task: probably more than two hundred manuscripts scattered all over the world have to be checked. Many of them are not available even as microfilms and are only accessible through long stays in Indian libraries. Also the purchase of microfilms from European libraries is not the best way for single researchers to get access to the manuscripts: a lot of them are needed, so that the undertaking quickly gets too expensive and the result is a not easily manageable amount of microfi lms. A printed publication of such an amount of manuscripts is no more feasible, above all because of financial reasons. So it is easy to understand that yet nobody has seriously tried to undertake a new edition of the Avesta, or al least a serious review of Geldner's edition.
      In order to solve this problem we have conceived the ADA project. This project seeks, on the one side, to find, to collect and to digitalize all the extant Avestan manuscripts. On the other hand, the ADA Project is developing a tool to provide all these manuscripts with indexes of the passages and to make them thus available on the web for researchers and for the general public. The electronic tool will allow an easy checking of all the manuscripts containing a concrete passage. This research tool can be useful not only for the Old Iranian studies, but also for the textual criticism based on manuscripts in other languages and fields of research. Furthermore, the ADA project seeks to review the manuscript transmission of the Avestan texts in all its aspects, a task which presupposes the complete ga thering and availability of the manuscripts.

      Forthcoming Open Access Journal: Epoiesen – A journal for creative engagement in history and archaeology

      Epoiesen – A journal for creative engagement in history and archaeology
      nb the site you are looking at is our testing ground for our workflow and technology. The official site will be hosted at the carleton.ca domain, softly launching the summer of 2017


      ἐποίησεν (epoiesen)- made - is a journal for exploring creative engagement with the past, especially through digital means. It publishes primarily what might be thought of as ‘paradata’ or artist’s statements that accompany playful and unfamiliar forms of singing the past into existence. These could be visualizations, art works, games, pop-up installations, poetry, hypertext fiction, procedurally generated works, or other forms yet to be devised. We seek to document and valorize the scholarly creativity that underpins our representations of the past. Epoiesen is therefore a kind of witness to the implied knowledge of archaeologists, historians, and other professionals, academics and artists as it intersects with the sources about the past. It encourages engagement with the past that reaches beyond our traditional audience (ourselves). We situate Epoiesen in dialogue with approaches to computational creativity or generative art:
      I think that generative art should ideally retain two disparate levels of perception: the material and visual qualities of a piece of art, and then a creation story or script and the intellectual journey that led to the end result. It possibly should bear marks of that intense interaction with the spatial environment that the visible work manifests.


      Epoiesen accepts code artefacts, written submissions in text files (.md) written with the Markdown syntax, videos, 3d .obj files, html, or other formats (contact us if you are unsure: we encourage experimentation). Digital artefacts should be accompanied by the descriptive paradata or artist’s statement.
      Submissions will be reviewed, and the reviews will be published at the same time as a Response, under the reviewers’ own names. Submissions and Responses will each have their own Digital Object Identifiers. Epoiesen is indexed in XXXXXX and supported by Carleton University’s MacOdrum Library. Submissions are accepted at any time, and published as they become ready. Each year’s submissions will be organized retroactively into ‘annuals’. The entire journal will be archived and deposited in a dataverse-powered repository at Carleton University.
      There are no article processing fees. We are generously supported by MacOdrum Library at Carleton University for at least five years.
      This website is generated from a series of markdown formatted text files, which are run through a series of templates to create the flat-file html architecture. There is no underlying database. For an introduction on how to do this for your own website, and why you might want to, please see Amanda Visconti’s tutorial in The Programming Historian, ‘Building a Static Website with Jekyll and Github Pages’. Epoiesen uses Hexo as its site generator.


      Michael Gove, the Conservative British politician, said in the run-up to the United Kingdom’s 2016 referendum on European Union membership, “people in this country have had enough of experts”(1). And perhaps, he was right. There is a perception that archaeology is for the archaeologists, history for the historians. On our side, there is perhaps a perception that speaking to non-expert audiences is a lesser calling, that people who write/create things that do not look like what we have always done, are not really ‘serious’. In these vacuums of perception, we fail at communicating the complexities of the past, allowing the past to be used, abused, or ignored, especially for populist political ends. The ‘know-nothings‘ are on the march. We must not stand by.
      In such a vacuum, there is a need for critical creative engagement with the past2. In Succinct Research, Bill White reminds us why society allows archaeologists to exist in the first place: ‘it is to amplify the whispers of the past in our own unique way so they can still be heard today‘(3). We have been failing in this by limiting the ways we might accomplish that task.
      Epoiesen is a place to amplify whispers, a place to shout. Remix the experience of the past. Do not be silent!


      Shawn Graham, Carleton University
      Editorial Board
      Sara Perry, University of York
      Megan Smith, University of Regina
      Eric Kansa, The Alexandria Archive Institute
      Katrina Foxton, University of York
      Sarah May, University College London
      Sarah E. Bond University of Iowa
      Gianpiero di Maida, Christian-Albrechts Universität zu Kiel
      Gisli Palsson, University of Umea

      New books in Antichista

      New books in Antichista
      copertina libro

      1 Mar 2017
      L’edificio protopalaziale dell’Acropoli Mediana di Festòs (Vani CV-CVII)

      Giorgia Baldacci
      Il presente libro consiste nella pubblicazione completa delle strutture e dei gruppi di materiale ceramico, in gran parte inedito, dell’edificio protopalaziale situato sulle pendici meridionali dell’Acropoli Mediana di Festòs. L’edificio fu oggetto di uno scavo di emergenza tra il 1969 e il 1971 e fu presentato attraverso ...
      copertina libro

      13 Giu 2017
      The City of Ebla

      Erica Scarpa
      The ancient city of Ebla (modern Tell Mardikh) is rightfully considered one of the most important urban centers in upper Syro-Mesopotamia during the III and the first half of the II millennium BCE: best known for the discovery of the Royal Archives, its archaeological and epigraphic evidence provides information on ...

      New Open Access Journal: Axon: Iscrizioni storiche greche

      Axon: Iscrizioni storiche greche
      La rivista Axon. Iscrizioni storiche greche intende colmare una lacuna nel panorama dell’esperienza scientifica e didattica della Storia e dell’Epigrafia greca. Ciascun numero raccoglie una serie di contributi specifici dedicati a singole iscrizioni greche selezionate in base alla loro rilevanza storica. Per ogni documento è prevista un’articolata scheda digitale, costruita secondo standard e lessico condivisi, che confluisce in un Database liberamente consultabile secondo una maschera di ricerca duttile e mirata (http://virgo.unive.it/venicepigraphy/axon/public/); a questa scheda si accompagna un commento originale e approfondito su tutti gli aspetti paleografici, linguistici, storici, istituzionali, culturali e contestuali del documento in oggetto proposto dagli specialisti del settore.

      Axon 1 | 1 | 2017

      Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

      The Connected Past: register now!

      Registration is open for ‘The Connected Past 2017: The future of past networks?’. More information on the conference website: http://connectedpast.net/ What? a multi-disciplinary conference on network research for the study of the human past When? 24-25 August 2017 Where? Bournemouth, UK Registration price: £35 Full Programme: http://connectedpast.net/other-events/bournemouth-2017/conference-programme/ Registration link: http://connectedpast.net/other-events/bournemouth-2017/registration/ Everyone is welcome to join discussions on a... Continue Reading →

      Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

      “Numerous 16th century drawings” of the Temple of the Sun / Serapis in Rome

      Let’s look for more evidence about the temple.  I learn that the ruins of Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun (or possibly Caracalla’s Temple of Serapis) on the Quirinal are depicted in “numerous” 16th century drawings, under the names of the “Torre Mesa” or “Torre di Mecenate” or “Frontispizio di Nerone”.[1]

      Of course such a claim deserves to be tested – with a Google search!  Here are some results.

      “The Temple of Serapis (or Frontispizio di Nerone) Rome”, from the circle of Circle of Willem van Nieulandt the Younger (d. ca. 1635), oil, 80×103 cms. Via here:

      This is infinitely clearer than the black-and-white images that we have all seen.

      A less clear item is at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in high res here: an anonymous Dutch pen and ink drawing with red wash, 16th century, 22×33.4cm.  This is labelled “Palazzo Nerone”, which is perhaps the name of the miserable shack erected in the ruins of the stairwell of the temple.

      Some of the enormous ruins left in the Colonna gardens may be seen here.  I am unclear what this image is, tho.

      The following item is a reconstruction from 1879 “based on a 16th century drawing”:

      Finally a mysterious fragment of a map, showing the corner of the temple, and also the adjacent Baths of Constantine, from here:

      One item that has always bothered me (as showing the temple with the newly built Palazzo Quirinale, but with no idea where it comes from) is this:

      Today I learn that this is “Il Quirinale con frontespizio di Nerone, Aloisio Giovannoli, 1616″.  Searching for this, I encounter an Italian blog discussing the removal of the stairs from the temple, to make stairs to the Ara Coeli on the Capitoline, in 1348.[2]  And this includes this plan of the temple, clearly showing the stairs!

      Plan and elevation (Sallustio Peruzzi)

      Peruzzi died in 1573.  It is frustrating that we do not know where this came from.  And I wish I could read any of the writing on this!

      A treasure all the same.  Plainly there is more stuff out there to be seen.

      UPDATE: Peruzzi’s drawing makes clear that Palladio’s drawing of the stairs must be fiction.  I draw together the real picture here.

      1. [1]E. Nash, A pictorial dictionary of ancient Rome, (1961), p.376.
      2. [2]Mastro Lorenzo e la scalinata del tempio di Serapide.” at Innamorati di Roma, 7 April 2015.

      The stairs at the back of Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun

      Relaxing in the bath after completing my last post, I had a sudden realisation.  I think that I know how the stair-complex worked at the back of the Temple of the Sun (or Temple of Serapis, as some think), on the Quirinal Hill in Rome.

      The key to this is to think of the Spanish steps.  The height is about the same.  There’s no need for some complicated building.  All you have to do is to have the flights of steps on the hillside, going to and fro.

      I’m no artist, but I hope this scribble will convey the idea:

      Steps for “Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun” / “Temple of Serapis”, Quirinal Hill, Rome.

      The steps start in the street at the foot of the hill.  Then they zigzag up the hillside, in pairs.  At the top, they go through the wall that ran behind the temple and encircled it.  On either side, the stairs are protected by two enormous walls, with arched openings in them to catch the breezes on a hot day.  There may not have been any roof.

      If we look at the following image from the 16th century, we see very much what I have drawn above:

      The source of this drawing is not known to me, but I was sent a photograph of it by a correspondent, who I believe saw it in the Colonna gardens.

      Note how gentle the hill slope is!  There’s no need for some blocky building, such as this in the recent Atlas of Ancient Rome:

      It’s just not that high a hill!  We don’t need all that superstructure.  (The little temple is imaginary).

      This is where the artist has probably been misled by Palladio’s diagram:

      This looks like a chunky building, with stair case above staircase.  But in reality we should think of these stairs as lying flat against the hill.  Because why wouldn’t you do that?

      In fact this is what the Spanish Steps do, today:

      This is, of course, only my suggestion.  But we do need to remember the slope is low, and gentle, and the walls alongside were long.  The squareish block-shape is contradicted by Palladio’s plan, and by common-sense.

      Let’s refresh our memory with Palladio’s plan.

      This seems baffling, especially when compared to Palladio’s diagram of the stairs.  But it does confirm the length of the stair building.

      It’s a thought, anyway.  Probably an ignorant one, but certainly worth considering.

      PS: Is “P129” perhaps “129 paces”?  If so, does that make the stairs 129 paces long?  And the temple building 203?  Is this plan actually foreshortened?

      UPDATE: While searching for 16th century drawings, I found a new plan of the staircase by Sallustio Peruzzi.  This supports Palladio’s plan, and contradicts the picture of zigzag staircases utterly.  It is here.  I draw together the real picture here.

      Palladio and the “Temple of the Sun” in Rome

      I am not aware of any directory of sources for old prints and descriptions of Rome as it was in the 15-16th century.  This means that I discover such sources more or less by accident.  Earlier this week I came across another.

      Palladio published in 1570 his book, I quattro libri, on architecture.  What I had not realised was that book 4 contains descriptions, with plans and measurements, of monuments in Rome.  This French site has downloads of the book, and also of a French translation.  The downloads are of inferior quality to the online images, for some strange reason.  Fortunately a later edition is accessible in high resolution at the Bavarian State Library.

      The monuments of interest here are the so-called “Temple of the Sun” (often called the Temple of Serapis) on the Quirinal hill; and also the Baths of Constantine, next to them.  These were both standing to some extent in Palladio’s day.

      The material on the Temple of the Sun is in book 4, starting on p.41.

      Here is Palladio’s plan of the temple:The key appears on the preceding page.  As my French is better than my Italian, I shall translate that:

      At Monte-Cavallo (formerly known as the Quirinal Hill), the remains of the next building are seen, near the palace of the noble Colonna family, which is known as the “Frontispiece of Nero”.  Some are of the opinion that this was the tower of Maecenas, and that from here Nero took pleasure in watching the city of Rome burning. But they are deceiving themselves, because the tower of Maecenas was on the Esquiline Hill, close to the Baths of Diocletian. Others have thought that it was the house of the Cornelii.  Myself I believe that it must have been a temple of Jupiter: because when I found myself formerly at Rome, I saw the foundations of this edifice being excavated, where some capitals of the Ionic order were discovered, which no doubt were used inside the temple; and it was even remarked that these were those of the corners of the colonnades, because the middle part, in my opinion, was still to be discovered. The appearance of this temple was that which Vitruvius calls Pseudodipteros, that is, with false wings: its manner Pycnostylos, with thick columns: the columns of the portico on the outside, of Corinthian order.  The architrave, frieze, and cornice made up a quarter of the height of the columns. The mouldings of the architrave were of a very fine invention. On two sides the frieze was full of foliage; but on the face, although nothing could be made out, it was nevertheless visible that it had carried some inscription.  The modillions[1] of the cornice are quatriform, and there is one exactly in the middle of each column.  The modillions of the cornice of the frontispiece are all vertical, and thus they must be made like that.  Inside the temple there were porticoes, as I depict in my illustration.  Around this temple there was a great courtyard adorned with columns and statues: and on the facade were these two great horses, one by the hand of Phidias, and the other by Praxiteles, which have given the name to the place where they are presently, which is called Monte Cavallo.  One ascends by very convenient steps to this temple, which, in my opinion, must be the largest and richest edifice that there was in Rome.

      I have made six plates of it.  In the first is the map of the whole edifice, with the back part where were the stairs, which ascending from one to the other led into the courtyard of the temple.  The elevation of this manner of stairs, with the plan, is at the end of my first book, where I deal with various kinds of stairs.  In the second, is the side of the temple from outside.  In the third, is half of the facade of the temple from the outside.  In the fourth, is part of the inside: and in both these plates, a small portion of the ornaments of the courtyard is seen.  In the fifth, is the side of part of it, from the inside.  In the sixth, are the ornaments.

      A.  Is the architrave, frieze, and cornice.

      C.  Is the base.

      E.  The capital of the columns of the portico.

      D.  The base of the pilasters corresponding to the columns.

      B.  The cornice that is around the courtyard.

      F.  Is the acroterion.[2][3]

      The depiction of the stairs is to be found in book 1, page 66, and looks like this:

      Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun – staircases, as given by Palladio in 1570

      Palladio’s text for this picture is:

      In the same city, those of the Holy Apostles Church, near Monte Caval, are still very magnificent: these staircases were double, and they have been an example to several who have since imitated them: they led to a temple at the top of the mountain, as we shall see in my book treating of the Temples. And this is the last design of the stairs in this manner.[4]

      This is a monster staircase indeed.  How much of it actually still existed in 1570 we cannot say, but of course portions of the walls are extant, nearly indestructible, even now.

      UPDATE: In my next post, I discussed how this arrangement of zigzag stairs might really have looked.  It’s not consistent with Palladio’s own plan, after all.  But while searching for 16th century drawings, I found a new plan of the staircase by Sallustio Peruzzi.  This supports Palladio’s plan, and contradicts the picture of zigzag staircases utterly.  It is here.  I draw together the real picture here.

      I will give a PDF with the other 5 plates that Palladio gives, in case you want ready access.  They are not exciting; and of course they are reconstructions.  How much was to be seen at that date we may wonder.

      I must look further at Palladio.  One thing that I have not been able to work out is his measurements.  In an early plate these appear as “M” or “MO”.  What that might be, I do not know.

      1. [1]A projecting bracket under the corona of a cornice in the Corinthian and other orders – RP
      2. [2]An acroterion or acroterium or akroteria is an architectural ornament placed on a flat base called the acroter or plinth, and mounted at the apex of the pediment of a building in the classical style. – So Google.
      3. [3]Slightly modernised, the French reads: “A Monte-Cavallo (anciennement appelle le Mont-Quirinal) on void les vestiges de l’edifice suivant, vers le palais des seigneurs Colonnes, lequel se nomme le Frontispice de Néron. Quelques-uns sont d’opinion que c’etait la tour de Mecenas, & que de là Néron prit plaisir à voir brûler la ville de Rome: mais ils s’abusent, parce que la tour de Mecenas etait au mont Esquilin, allez prés des Thermes de Diocletian: d’autres ont cru que c’etait la maison des Cornelies. Pour moi j’estime que c’aura eté un temple de Jupiter: car me trouvant autrefois à Rome, je vis fouiller dans les fondemens de cét édifice, 0u l’on découvrit quelques chapiteaux d’ordre Ionique, qui servaient sans doute au dedans du temple; & memes on remarquait que c’etaient ceux des angles des loges, parce que la partie du milieu, à mon avis, devait etre découverte. L’aspect de ce temple etait celui que Vitruve nomme Pseudodipteros, c’est à dire, à fausses ailles: sa maniéré Pycnostylos, ou de colonnes pressées: & les colonnes du portique par le dehors, d’ordre Corinthien. Les architrave, frieze & corniche faisaient une quatrième partie de la hauteur des colonnes. La cymaise de l’architrave etait d’une tres-belle invention. Aux deux cotez la frieze etait pleine de feuillages; mais à la face, bien qu’il ne s’y vit plus rien d’entier, on remarquait neanmoins qu’elle avait porté quelque inscription. Les modillons de la corniche sont quarrez, & il s’en rencontre un justement sur le milieu de chaque colonne. Les modillons de la corniche du frontispice sont tous droits à plomb, & c’est ainsi que l’on les doit faire. Au dedans du temple il y avait des portiques, comme je fais voir en mon dessein. Autour de ce temple il y avait un grand cortil orné de colonnes, & de statues: & à la façade etaient ces deux grands chevaux, l’un de la main de Phidias, & l’autre de Praxiteles, lesquels ont donné le nom au lieu où ils sont presentement, qu’on appelle Monte-Cavallo. On montait par des degrez tres-commodes à ce temple, qui, à mon avis, devait etre le plus grand & le plus riche édifice qui fut dans Rome. L’en ai fait six planches.
        Dans la première, est le plan de tout l’edifice, avec la partie de derrière où etaient les escaliers, qui montant de l’un à l’autre conduisaient dans les cortils des costez du temple. L’élevation de cette maniéré d’escaliers, avec le plan, est sur la fin de mon premier livre, où je traitte des diverses sortes d’escaliers.
        Dans la seconde, est le flanc du temple par dehors.
        Dans la troisiéme, est la moitié de la façade du temple par le dehors.
        Dans la quatrième, est la partie du dedans : & en toutes ces deux planches on void une petite partie des ornemens du cortil.
        Dans la cinquième, est le flanc de la partie du dedans.
        Dans la sixiéme, sont les ornemens.
        A. Est l’architrave ,frize, & corniche.
        C. Est la base.
        E. Le chapiteau des colonnes du portique.
        D. La base des pilastres qui respondent aux colonnes.
        B. La corniche qui est autour des cortils.
        F. Est l’acrotere.
      4. [4]En la meme Ville, ceux de l’Eglise Sto Apostolo,vers Monte-Caval, sont encore tres-magnifiques: ces escaliers etaient doubles, & ils ont serui d’exemple à plusieurs qui les ont depuis imitez: ils conduisaient a un temple sis au haut du mont, comme on verra en mon livre traittant des Temples. Et c’eft ici le dernier dessein des escaliers de cette maniéré.

      Peruzzi’s drawing shows the real arrangement of the stairs at Aurelian’s temple of the sun / Serapis on the Quirinal

      At the back of the great temple on the Quirinal – often thought to be Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun, sometimes Caracalla’s Temple of Serapis – a great staircase ran down the hill to the plain.  Portions of the sides of this still remain; but the actual arrangement of this is unclear.  The steps themselves vanished in the 14th century, so even 16th century drawings must be treated with care.

      Yesterday I found a 16th century drawing of this temple and staircase by Sallustio Peruzzi (Click to enlarge).

      Plan and elevation (Sallustio Peruzzi)

      It is entirely consistent with Palladio’s plan, which leaves the disposition of the staircase unclear.

      However Palladio also gives a nonsense reconstruction of the stairs, which is not consistent with his own plan:

      Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun – staircases, as given by Palladio in 1570

      It has misled the authors of the recent Atlas of Ancient Rome, whose diagram shows a block:

      As I remarked earlier, the slope of the hill is gentle, and this enormous construction is simply unnecessary, and unevidenced.

      Peruzzi is almost certainly right, I believe.  His view is also consistent with this drawing of the stair side-walls from the period.

      So… unless any further evidence is forthcoming, that’s how I think it should be seen.  Palladio’s block is just an architect’s fantasy, and should not be considered.

      July 20, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Aethiopica: International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies

      [First posted in AWOL 4 April 2015, updated 20 July 2017]

      Aethiopica: International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies
      eISSN: 2194-4024
      “Aethiopica. International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies” is an internationally refereed academic journal, edited at the Hiob Ludolf Centre for Ethiopian Studies and at the Department of African and Ethiopian Studies of the Asien-Afrika-Institut at Hamburg University. It is annually published in a printed version by Harrassowitz and one year later as an open access journal by Hamburg University Press.

      The journal focuses on history, archaeology, linguistics, literature, philology, manuscript studies, art history, ethnology, anthropology, religion of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the Horn of Africa, their methods, and related issues.

      “Aethiopica” is the only German journal on Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies. It is internationally acknowledged as one of the leading academic journals in the field.

      “Aethiopica” is published mainly in English. Articles in French, German and Italian are also accepted for publication. An English Summary is always provided.

      The editors welcome contributions on current academic topics and on recent and fresh research belonging in the field.

      Articles should be theoretically grounded, empirically sound and reflect the state of the art in the respective fields. Articles should not exceed 10,000 words, including the summary and the list of relevant bibliographic references.

      Miscellaneous contributions should focus on a specific topic believed to be of special interest to the academic discourse. Miscellaneous contributions should not exceed 3,000 words.

      For Personalia, Review Articles and Reviews potential authors are usually directly contacted by the editorial team on suggestion of the scientific editorial board. Proposals, however, can always be submitted.

      The upper limit for Personalia is fixed on 1,500 words, for Review Articles on 3,000 words and for Reviews on 2,000 words.


      Vol 1 (1998)

      Open Access Journal: AERAGRAM

      [First posted in AWOL 29 October 2009. Updated 20 July  2017]

      ISSN: 1944-0014 
      AERAGRAM is the official newsletter of Ancient Egypt Research Associates.
      PDFs of past issues are available below. The most recent issue is only available to our members. Click here to become an AERA member & help support our work in Egypt.

      Volume 17

      Spring/Fall 2016 (members only)
      • Exploring a High Official’s Office-Residence
      • MSCD Memphis Project: The Final Year
      • In Search of the Human Hand that Built the Great Pyramid
      • Mit Rahinia Museum Catalog in the Works
      • AERA to Publish Archive of the Great Sphinx

      Volume 16

      Download Spring 2015
      • Discovery 2015: House of a High Official
      • What Was the Original Size of the Great Pyramid?
      • The Gallery Complex Gives Up Its Secrets
      • Hidden Details Come to Light with Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI)
      • Jon Jerde: The Space In Between
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      • Memphis Site & Community Development: Ambitious Plans, Big Challenges
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      • US Ambassador to Egypt Tours the Lost City Site

      Volume 15

      Download Spring/Fall 2014
      • On the Waterfront: Canals and Harbors in the Time of Giza Pyramid-Building
      • Did Egyptians Use the Sun to Align the Pyramids?
      • A Change of Address: Funerary Workshop Priests Move to New Quarters
      • A Return to Area AA: Informal Seals and Sealings of the Heit el-Ghurab
      • Construction Hub to Cult Center: Re-purposing, Old Kingdom Style

      Volume 14

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      • The Lost Port City of the Pyramids: Heit el-Ghurab reveals a new role as part of a major port of the Nile
      • How the Pyramid Builders Found True North
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      • Weeds & Seeds: On the Trail of Ancient Egyptian Agriculture
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      • “PEAKIT” Punches Up 3D Laser Scanning, Adds Accurate Surface Relief
      • The Lost City is Named One of the Top 10 Field Discoveries
      • An Ancient Egyptian Insect Repellent
      • A Small Clay Label, a Bundle of Linen, and an Ancient Economic Network
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      Volume 13

      Download Spring 2012
      • Memphis, A City Unseen
      • Field School Grads Take The Lead
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      • GPMP Full Circle

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      • New Angles on the Great Pyramids
      • Fifth Dynasty Renaissance at Giza
      • The Silo Building Complex
      • Living on a Slope in the Town of Queen Khentkawes
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      Volume 12

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      • The OK Corral
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      Kindle Edition Now Available For Purchase

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      • Stews, Meat and Marrow
      • The Mit Rahina Field School


      Volume 11

      AERAGRAM_11-1 cover
      Download Spring 2010
      • Called Back to Luxor: AERA-ARCE Field School
      • Ascending Giza on a Monumental Ramp
      • Analysis and Publication Field School
      • A New Field Season: A New Home

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      • Digging Again
      • Training Egypt’s Archaeological Scientists
      • Double-Decker Dorms
      • On The Cusp Of A New Dynasty

      Volume 10

      AERAGram 2009 10:1
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      • 10, 20, 30 Years: Mark Lehner Reflects on a Career in Archaeology
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      • Daily Life of the Pyramid Builders
      • AERA’s New Home
      AERAGram 2009 10:2
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      • A Priest’s Home in Khentkawes Town
      • Dog Burials Discovered at Giza

      Volume 9

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      • Impressions of the Past
      • Lost City Site, Flooded
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      • Digging Old Luxor
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      • Deciphering Ancient Code
      • Small Finds, Big Results
      • Egypt’s Oldest Olive
      • Two Royal Towns
      • Giza: Overviews

      Volume 8

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      • Class of 2005
      • GIS: Digitizing Archaeology
      • Conservation Pilot Program
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      • Enigma of the Pedestals
      • Ideas to Reality
      • A High-Class Dump
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      • Mapping Khentkawes

      Volume 7

      AERAGRAM 2003 7:1Download Spring 2004
      • Remote sensing
      • Glen Dash
      • Egyptian labor organization
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      • Western Town
      • Eastern Town house
      • Microscope photography

      Volume 6

      AERAGRAM  2002 6:1Download Fall 2002
      • Millennium Project
      • Gallery revealed
      • Pharaoh’s storeroom
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      • Peter Norton
      • Mapping Aswan quarries

      Volume 5

      AERAGRAM  2001 5:1Download Fall 2001
      • Footprint of the state
      • Desert in flood
      • Wall of the Crow
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      • David Koch
      • Fabric of a pyramid

      Volume 4

      AERAGRAM  2000 4:1Download Fall 2000
      • Unveiling a royal plan
      • Jon Jerde
      • Magnetic anomaly surveying
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      Volume 3

      AERAGRAM  1999 3:1Download 1999
      • Capturing Area A
      • Bruce Ludwig
      • The older phase
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      AERAGRAM  1998 2:1Download Winter 1998
      • Microarchaeology
      • Sealings from Giza
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      AERAGRAM  1998 2:2Download Summer 1998
      • A workman’s house
      • Sphinx restoration
      • Sand, wind, and heat
      • Late period burials
      • Copper workshop

      Volume 1

      AERAGRAM  1996 1:1Download Fall 1996
      • Introducing AERAGRAM
      • Pyramid-age bakery reconstructed
      • Radiocarbon dating
      AERAGRAM  1997 1:2Download Spring 1997
      • Director’s diary
      • GPMP database
      • 1997 field season

      Open Access Journal: Annuaire de l'École pratique des hautes études, section des sciences religieuses

       [First posted in AWOL 9 July 2009. Updated 20 July 2017]

      Annuaire de l'École pratique des hautes études, section des sciences religieuses
      ISSN électronique: 1969-6329

      L'Annuaire de l'École pratique des hautes études, section des sciences religieuses, est une publication annuelle qui regroupe principalement les comptes rendus des conférences des enseignants-chercheurs de la s
      Lire la suite (...)

      Collection rétrospective

      La collection rétrospective des Annuaires de l'École pratique des hautes études (1872-2006) a été entièrement numérisée ; elle est accessible sur le portail Persée (Publications & séries). 
      À découvrir sur 

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Pallets and Epoiesen

      When I get overwhelmed with things to do or get stuck with a project that seems insurmountable, I start to think up new projects. In fact, over sabbatical, I got stuck and ended up writing a 35,000+ word little book. 

      I’ve been pretty unproductive since I’ve been home and that’s pushed my mind to drift off to new projects that (like all projects on their first days) have more potential to produce something tangible (rather than the endless editing of an article or introduction that is almost ready for primetime, but can also endure constant tweaking as we search for the elusive edge!). So I decided to spend a few hours this morning working on a draft of an article to submit to Shawn Graham’s brilliant new project Epoiesen: A Journal for Creative Engagement and Archaeology. It has a ton of interesting features including a open comment and review through Hypothes.is, open access licensing options, submissions in mark-up, an open and adventurous scope, and a great editorial board.

      I have this idea that I want to publish a short (i.e. <5000 word) article in Epoiesen on my stalled “pallet project.” This spring I spent the better part of several NASCAR races coding photographs from my trips to the Bakken oil patch. I literally coded hundreds of pallets. Last summer, I did a research trip to a pallet reconditioning and redistribution center, collected some bibliography on pallets, the whitewood industry, and containerization, and took notes and photographs on the use of pallets in the Greek countryside.

      What I’d like to do is offer pallets as a kind of physical analogue for a number of larger trends in the global economy. On the one hand, the ad hoc use of pallets (and their place in adhocism) evokes certain elements of the “sharing economy” (broadly construed) from the flow of pallets between individuals for a wide array of improvisation to the use of redistribution centers where used pallets  (also known as cores) are repaired and made available once again to manufactures and shippers. Pallets travel with bulk goods of various kinds from distribution or manufacturing centers and then build up at highly distributed locations where pallet recyclers collect them, repair them (if necessary), and re-sell them back to manufacturing or distribution centers. The system for the recirculation of pallets is highly decentralized and this has the occasional side effect of pallets ending up rural areas where there is little demand (and little infrastructure for them to re-enter the market), and the effort to privatize pallet pools by three large companies has strained the circulation of traditional whitewood pallets in different ways. The competition between closed pool pallet companies (who own their pallets, control their circulation, and look to stabilize supply) and the open pool whitewood pallet circulation provides an interesting analogy for the tensions between open and closed pools in almost any economic or cultural system (and manifests some of the same tensions that exist within the sharing economy).

      The pooling of pallets in places in like the Bakken present the intersection of opportunity and circumstance. Temporary housing in the Bakken during the height of the oil boom constantly looked to improvise in low-cost ways; at the same time, whitewood pallets were ubiquitous in the region owing to the absence of a pallet recycling center in Williston or Minot contributed to the collecting of pallets in the Bakken. This coincidence of need and opportunity produced innovation in temporary Bakken housing and speaks – in some ways – to the productive potential of open pool systems as well as the adhocism present in Bakken building practices.

      In a sense, my submission to Epoiesen will have an essayistic edge, but fully embrace the meaning of the term and the maker culture in which this new journal project will embrace. Now I just have to become more familiar with markup (and complete that Hesperia article, the Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology, my little corner of the final report for WARP, the article on the Atari excavations, and various other shining objects that come my way). 

      Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

      The Heliand

      The British Library is currently engaged in a joint project with the Bibliothèque nationale de France to digitise 800 manuscripts made in and around the regions of England and France before 1200. Some people have asked if that means the project will only cover manuscripts in Old English, Old French...

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: エジプト学研究 - The Journal of Egyptian Studies (Ejiputogaku kenkyū)

      [First posted in AWOL 24 April 2014, updated 20 July 2017]

      エジプト学研究 - The Journal of Egyptian Studies (Ejiputogaku kenkyū)
      ISSN: 0919-2417

      雑誌名 号数
      エジプト学研究 第1号
      エジプト学研究 第2号
      エジプト学研究 第3号
      エジプト学研究 第4号
      エジプト学研究 第5号
      エジプト学研究 第6号
      エジプト学研究 第7号
      エジプト学研究 第8号
      エジプト学研究 第9号
      エジプト学研究 第10号
      エジプト学研究 第11号
      エジプト学研究 第12号
      エジプト学研究 第13号
      エジプト学研究 第14号
      エジプト学研究 第15号
      エジプト学研究 第16号
      エジプト学研究 第17号
      エジプト学研究 第18号
      エジプト学研究 第19号
      エジプト学研究 第20号
      エジプト学研究 第21号
      エジプト学研究 第22号
      エジプト学研究 第23号

      ISSN: 2187-0772   (定価:各1,200円 PDF版は無料)
      The Journal of Egyptian Studies Vol.23, 2017

      【調査報告】エジプト ダハシュール北遺跡調査報告-第23次発掘調査-
      Preliminary Report on the Waseda University Excavations at Dahshur North: Twenty-third Season
      (in Japanese with English summary)

      …坂本 翼
      Note on the current research tools for Sudanese archaeology (in Japanese)
      …Tsubasa SAKAMOTO

      Preliminary Report on the Ninth Season of the Work at al-Khokha Area in the Theban Necropolis by the Waseda University Egyptian Expedition (in Japanese)
      …Jiro Kondo, Sakuji Yoshimura, Takao Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Nozomu Kawai, Kazumitsu Takahashi, and Risa Fukuda

      Nondestructive Chemical Analysis of the Pigments Used in the Wall Paintings of the Tomb of Khonsuemheb (in Japanese)
      …Yoshinari Abe, Eri Ogidani, Haruka Hidaka, and Izumi Nakai

      …前川 佳文
      The Report on the Feasibility Works for the Conservation of the Wall Paintings of the Tomb of Khonsuemheb (in Japanese)
      …Yoshifumi Maekawa

      【調査報告】アル=コーカ地区TT47出土の人骨およびミイラの人類学的調査(第9 次調査)
      …坂上 和弘・馬場 悠男
      Anthropological Study of the Human Skeletal and Mummified Remains from TT47 at al-Khokha Area in the Ninth Season (in Japanese)
      …Kazuhiro Sakaue, Hisao Baba

      【調査報告】2016年 太陽の船プロジェクト 活動報告
      …黒河内 宏昌・吉村 作治
      Report of the Activity in 2016, Project of the Solar Boat (in Japanese)
      …Hiromasa KUROKOCHI and Sakuji YOSHIMURA

      Preliminary Report on the Twenty-Fifth Season of the Waseda University Excavations at Northwest Saqqara, 2016 (in Japanese)
      …Sakuji Yoshimura, Nozomu Kawai, Jiro Kondo, Izumi Takamiya, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Kazumitsu Takahashi, Yuka Yoneyama, and Nonoka Ishizaki

      A Preliminary Report of the First Season of the Archaeological Survey at North Saqqara (in Japanese)
      …Nozomu Kawai, Sakuji Yoshimura, Jiro Kondo, Kazumitsu Takahashi, Yuka Yoneyama, and Nonoka Ishizaki

      A Preliminary Report of the Second Season of the Archaeological Survey at North Saqqara (in Japanese)
      …Nozomu Kawai, Takeshi Mitsui, Sakuji Yoshimura, Jiro Kondo, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Kazumitsu Takahashi, Yuko Umeda, Yuka Yoneyama, and Nonoka Ishizaki

      And see also

      July 19, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      New in Propylaeum-eBOOKS

      New in Propylaeum-eBOOKS

      Tünde Kaszab-Olschewski, Ingrid Tamerl (Hrsg.)

      Wald- und Holznutzung in der römischen Antike
      Festgabe für Jutta Meurers-Balke zum 65. Geburtstag

      Archäologische Berichte, Band 27

      Holz war seit prähistorischen Zeiten ein wichtiger, ja unentbehrlicher Rohstoff mit vielfältigen Arten der Verwendung. Dies gilt im Besonderen auch für die Römerzeit, der dieser Band im Schwerpunkt gewidmet ist. Allerdings wird der aktuelle Stand der Forschungen zum Holz seiner wirklichen Bedeutung in der antiken Lebenswelt immer noch nicht gerecht. Dies ist leicht erklärlich – Holz hat sich nur in den wenigsten Fällen im Boden erhalten und wurde in den schriftlichen Quellen wegen seiner Selbstverständlichkeit im täglichen Leben nur nebenbei genannt.
      Jutta Meurers-Balke, der dieser Band gewidmet ist, und ihr Team vom Labor für Archäobotanik der Universität zu Köln haben sich in zahlreichen Arbeiten um die Rekonstruktion der Waldgeschichte zur Römerzeit sowie die Dokumentation und Interpretation von Pflanzen- und Holzfunden aus der römischen Antike verdient gemacht. Zu Ehren von Frau Meurers-Balke fand im Oktober 2014 unter Leitung der beiden Herausgeberinnen eine internationale Tagung zum Thema “Wald- und Holznutzung in der römischen Antike” auf dem Rheinbacher Campus der Landwirtschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Bonn statt. Mit dem vorliegenden Band, in dem die meisten der dort gehaltenen Vorträge sowie die Laudatio von A. J. Kalis anlässlich der Verabschiedung von Jutta Meurers-Balke vorgelegt werden, wird das immense historische Potenzial römischer Holzfunde und botanischer Reste in eindrucksvoller Weise erkennbar.

      Melanie Eigen

      Die eisenzeitliche und römische Siedlung von Tönisvorst‐Vorst (Kreis Viersen)

      Archäologische Quellen, Band 1

      Das Buch publiziert in einer neuartigen Weise die archäologische Ausgrabung in Tönisvorst-Vorst (Kreis Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen) vom Sommer 2015, bei der eine eisenzeitliche (ca. 7. – 1. Jh. v.Chr.) und eine ihr folgende ländliche römische Siedlung (ca. 1. – 3. Jh. n.Chr.) freigelegt wurden. Es handelt sich um eine vom Investor finanzierte Ausgrabung, die von der Firma Archbau ausgeführt wurde. Finanzielle Mittel für eine vertiefte wissenschaftliche Auswertung der Grabung waren nicht vorhanden. Statt die Dokumentation nun wie üblich ausschließlich dem zuständigen staatlichen Archiv zu übergeben, wird sie mit dieser Publikation samt einer sehr knappen Analyse öffentlich zugänglich gemacht. So können Fachkolleginnen und -kollegen, die an verwandten Themen forschen, sich leicht und schnell informieren, was in Tönisvorst-Vorst ergraben wurde, mit den Ergebnissen weiterarbeiten und über die Fundstelle forschen. Bürgerinnen und Bürger aus der Region können sich mittels des vorliegenden Bandes über die Geschichte ihrer Heimatregion informieren.
      Zugehörige Forschungsdaten finden Sie unter nachstehendem Open Data-Link:

      Jutta Zerres

      Kapuzenmäntel in Italien und den Nordwestprovinzen des Römischen Reiches
      Gebrauch – Bedeutung – Habitus

      Archäologische Berichte, Band 26

      Kapuzenmäntel waren in römischer Zeit wegen ihrer Wetterfestigkeit geschätzte und weit verbreitete Kleidungsstücke. Die vorliegende Studie beleuchtet mehr als die gängigen Fragen altertumskundlicher Analysen wie Typologie, Chronologie,
      Material und Verbreitung, sondern sie fokussiert auf einen bislang wenig beachteten Aspekt dieses Alltagsgegenstandes: seine Rolle innerhalb der gesellschaftlichen Kommunikation. Das historische und archäologische Quellenmaterial wird im
      Hinblick auf folgende Fragen analysiert: Gibt es Personen, zu deren Habitus (im Sinne des französischen Soziologen P. Bourdieu) Kapuzenmäntel zählen? Welche Personen(-gruppen) lassen sich identifizieren? Verwenden sie dabei spezielle
      Formen von Mänteln? In welchen Situationen tragen sie das Kleidungsstück und welche Botschaften transportieren sie damit? Woher stammen die verwendeten Bedeutungszuweisungen an die Mäntel? Wie gestaltet sich der Umgang der Akteure
      damit? Das Untersuchungsgebiet der Studie sind Italien und die Nordwestprovinzen des römischen Reiches in der Zeit der späten Republik bis in die Spätantike.

      Thorsten Uthmeier

      Micoquien, Aurignacien und Gravettien in Bayem
      Eine regionale Studie zum Übergang vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum

      Archäologische Berichte, Band 18

      Bayern ist ein Schlüsselgebiet in der Diskussion des Übergangs vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum. Die in den immer eisfreien Korridor zwischen skandinavischem und alpinem Eisschild eingebettete Donauebene verbindet als ein wichtiger eiszeitlicher Wanderungsweg die reichen Fundregionen des späten Mittel- und frühen Jungpaläolithikums in Südwesteuropa einerseits und Mittel- und Osteuropa andererseits. Mit Fundstellen des spätesten Mittelpaläolithikums, des frühesten Aurignaciens und des Gravettiens bietet sich hier die einmalige Gelegenheit, bisherige Erklärungsmodelle für eine der spannendsten Kapitel der Menschheitsgeschichte - der Ausbreitung des modernen Menschen - zu überprüfen.

      Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

      Somewhat Homesick and Ethnocentric (Our Italian Summer - Dispatch 3)

      Well, we all survived Munich, with a little help from cheapo pants from H&M so the girls didn't freeze their little legs off. Flew some random carrier called EuroWings (worked fine, but the legroom is less than zero), ate a ton of schnitzel, pretzels, and beer, and weathered some tantrums.

      Pretzel as big as her head! We gave her money and sent her to the little stall
      to buy this. She was SO excited to buy it on her own.
      Our AirBNB was more centrally located than we are here in Naples, and Munich's public transportation is WAY better than here in Naples, so we saw a bunch of great stuff, like this awesome palace. The girls were pretty impressed that palaces exist in real life, not just on Sofia the First.

      Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
      Just as the girls were acclimating to having to walk places (as opposed to driving everywhere in Florida), the funicular stopped running for the summer. We're living on Posillipo, a lovely hill near the water on the west side of Naples. The convenience of the funicular railway (which goes to the train station, which goes to the main station, which goes down to site) was one of the reasons we picked this place -- but it's now closed for the summer, with no warning, but with a replacement bus that comes every 30 minutes instead of every 10. But now the girls don't want to go down the hill to the water and the good gelato place, and they're getting a little stir crazy.

      To add to that, I got sick of spending roughly 5 hours round-trip every day getting to and from site. It left me exhausted and cranky at the end of every day, which isn't fair to the family. So I'm sucking up the cost of a rental car (which I may or may not be able to use the lingering amount of grant money I have to pay for), which turns that into a 30- to 45-min commute each way. Much better than being pickpocketed too, even with the anxiety and stress that come with driving in Italy.

      There is a gelateria at the top of the hill, at least.
      I did meet my driving-in-Italy-anxiety quota today, though. We were looking for a laundromat. You'd think this wouldn't be hard to find, but you'd be quite wrong. When we booked this AirBNB, I knew there wasn't a machine in the apartment, but there was a lavanderia literally next door. Va bene, I figured, laundry isn't that expensive here - I've dropped it off in Rome before to get done for me. Turns out, they only do dry cleaning. Each sock would cost like 3E. So Patrick found another lavanderia about 1/2 mile up the road near the pizzeria that we like. Dropped off a load of clothes last week on Monday, had to wait until Thursday to get them back, but that was fine. When he went back with a second trip this week, though, they had bad news: their machine was out of service. We looked up a self-serve coin type laundromat - 2.5km walking, but a 5km drive away. Now that I have a car, we went to find it tonight. It took roughly 25 minutes to get there, and was in a not-so-great area of town. There was no parking -- cars were literally triple parked in places. Driving was no picnic. So we came back home, dirty clothes and all. Tomorrow, I'll try a place I found down at Pompeii, hoping that showing up when it opens will mean clean clothes by the time we are ready to drive home from site.

      And then yesterday, Cecilia had a minor incident in the garden. She fell off a razor scooter, banging up her knee and getting a surprisingly long thorn from a mysterious bush stuck just below her patella. She complained she couldn't walk this morning, and I fielded texts from Patrick about the state of her knee and where/how to find a doctor here for a couple hours. So far, it looks like it's mostly just banged up, as she's doing a lot better with the maximum daily dose of kiddie ibuprofen in her, so no doctor seems necessary. But it certainly added to the stress of not being in a familiar city and not understanding how best to deal with this.

      Tomorrow there promises to be a public transportation strike, and Mt. Vesuvius is still on fire, and I'm still crap at understanding about half the people I meet because their accents throw me off. There's definitely some homesickness and ethnocentrism going on in this apartment -- wishing that everything worked like it does in Pensacola and missing the comfort of a routine and the optimism that comes with being in a familiar place. But at least the food here is good.

      These tomatoes taste like MAGIC. For real.
      On Friday, we head back to the airport. This time, we're doing a weekend in Barcelona. (Did I mention we chose these getaway spots based on: 1) cheapest direct flights from Naples; and 2) countries Patrick and I have never been?) I think that Cecilia, with her love of art, will enjoy the city immensely. And both of the girls, with their love of food, will undoubtedly find something good to eat. Thus far, Cecilia is a major fan of pizza (in Naples) and schnitzel (in Munich), and Linnea would eat caprese salad and chocolate cookies three meals a day if we let her. I suspect they will both be sorely disappointed in American tomatoes and pasta sauce when we return. But at least they'll have their beloved Mexican food back!

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      JURN. A curated academic search-engine, indexing 4,969 free ejournals

      [First posted in AWOL 23 June 2009,  updated 19 July 2017]

      JURN is a curated academic search-engine, indexing 4,969 free ejournals in | Arts | Humanities | Business | Law | Nature | Science | Medical |
      3d rendered picture of high peaks and cloud, with typographic logo for JURN

      JURN is a unique search tool which helps you find free academic articles and books. JURN harnesses all the power of Google, but focusses your search through a hand-crafted and curated index. Established in 2009 to comprehensively cover the arts and humanities, in 2014 JURN expanded in scope. JURN now also covers selected university fulltext repositories and many additional ejournals in science, biomedical, business and law. In 2015/6 JURN expanded again, adding over 600 ejournals on aspects of the natural world.

      In the right hand sidebar of AWOL (those of you reading this in feed aggregators or by email will need to click through to see this) is a search box giving access to the data curated by JURN.

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      428 AD

      I am not sure how I missed the English translation of Giusto Traina’s 428 AD: An Ordinary Year at the End of the Roman Empire (Princeton 2009), but I did. It’s a wonderful book. The book follows a circuit around the Mediterranean world in the year 428 starting in Antioch and then Armenia, before moving through the capital and the Balkans, Italy, Gaul, Spain, Africa, Egypt, Persia and Palestine. At each stop, Traina considers the events taking place in one year, 428, with just enough attention to the connections between regions to weave a compelling tapestry to the Roman Empire in the early 5th century.

      My main interest in the book – other than the lucid and engaging narrative – is Traina’s use of time and space to structure his work. It defies traditional historical notions of linear causality by collapsing dense networks of political and social relations (and texts) into a single year and then stretching this year across the Braudelian Mediterranean basin.

      Time. The main argument in the book is tied to its approach to the past. Rather than unpacking a particular historical problem, Taina’s book used the concept of time to organize the events of the Roman Empire. While this might seem fundamental to the historians’ craft, in most historical works time takes a back seat to the relentless press of causality. Causality can subvert temporally proximate events, collapse or distend distances, overwrite the linearity implicit in calendars. Traina specifically considers non-linearity in history by presenting simultaneity as a way to order his work and leaving aside questions of causality. This approach reminds me of Benedict Anderson’s critique of the modern novel and how to provided a narrative tool for the kind of simultaneity required to support “imagined communities” on a global scale. Traina’s use of time to frame his work is profoundly modern.    

      Space. At the same time as his modern approach to the Roman time is bracketed with a distinctly ancient concept of space. Drawing on a long tradition in the study of the Late Antique and Byzantine world, Traina is not particularly concerned with formal borders and instead explores what Obelensky and others have called the “Byzantine commonwealth” (which is, I recognize, a modern concept serving to describe an ancient conception of space).

      Traina recognizes the porosity of borders and deeply interconnected world of the Mediterranean basin where social relationships, ecclesiastical politics, and historical traditions connect communities as much as the formal apparatus of the state. By ignoring any concept of formal boundaries (whether ancient or modern), Traina is able to approach the Late Roman world at a level defined by networks of relations rather than lines on the map.

      This has an impact on time and causality as well, of course. Whereas Benedict Anderson’s idea of “empty time” (ready to be filled by a growing sense of simultaneity) depended upon the sense of a contracting and interrelated world, Traina’s segmented moves around the Late Roman world emphasized the discontinuities within the ancient Mediterranean even among the Late Antique elite whose shared culture Peter Brown’s exploration of paideia so famously celebrated.  If Anderson’s treatment of imagined communities evokes a world that was approaching our own, Traina’s world presented an interesting tension between time and space (and social organization) that challenged the reader to consider how fundamentally different antiquity was to our own world.

      Texts and Time. Of course, to define the world in a single year, no matter how expansively, Traina leans heavily on texts. Some of those texts are contemporary with 428 and others look back. At his best, Traina weaves these texts together seamlessly bringing together hagiography, history, epigraphy, and theological into an elegant tapestry. At times, however, the view of the present and past become too neatly conflated. A hagiographic text has a very different view of the world than a history or a contemporary inscription, and, perhaps more importantly, historians and hagiographers have very different views of both the past and the present. For example, hagiographic work often conflated contemporary and Biblical time and even in pagan lives – like Marinus’s Life of Proclus – there is a tendency toward romantic elision between the past and the present that careful scholars have struggled to unpack. (For example, were sites like the temple of Asklepius and Dionysus still functioning in Proclus’s day or were the reference to these sites anachronistic?). Walking through the Palestinian countryside with hagiographic texts and pilgrim narratives intentionally superimposed the Biblical past with the present obscuring the year 428 under an overburden of memories. 

      If you happened to miss the publication of this book like I did, by all means go and read it. It’s only 130 some pages and a compelling perspective on what it meant to read, write, live and travel in a single year in Late Antiquity

      Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

      Some useful reconstructions of the vast “Temple of the Sun / Serapis” on the Quirinal

      I have written before about the remains of a huge temple on the Quirinal hill in Rome.  The temple is often referred to as Aurelian’s Temple of the Sun.  Others prefer to say that it was a Temple of Serapis.  I’ve seen a suggestion that it was a Temple of Salus.  In short, nobody knows what it was.

      The front of the temple faced what is now the Quirinal palace.  Next door, on the right, was the Baths of Constantine.  But at the back of the temple were a huge set of steps which descended the hill to the Campus Martius below.  The walls of this stairway are still extant, in the gardens of the Colonna palace, and in those of the Gregorian University which adjoins it.  A huge chunk of the rear of the temple was still visible in 1570, towering over the city; and a massive fragment of its entablature is still to be seen in the Colonna gardens.

      A correspondent has kindly drawn my attention to some useful plans and images online for this mysterious edifice.  They are rather super!

      Let’s start with a map of the area, showing the “Templum Solis” sticking into what is now the piazza outside the Quirinale, and the “scala” or stairs.

      Click on the image to get the full size.  I got this from here.

      Plan of the Quirinal hill in ancient times showing the Temple of the Sun and the Baths of Constantine.

      The temple was square, with wings sticking out either side, and a colonnade.  (We know this from a plan drawn by Palladio, which I must also upload sometime.)

      Next, a poor resolution reconstruction, from here.

      Another reconstruction now, of a rear view of the monument, from here.  The mini-temple in the middle of the stairs is, apparently, the artist’s imagination.  The excellent drawing seems to be from the new, monster, monstrously expensive Atlas of Ancient Rome by Carandini.

      But aside from the imaginary templet, this is a very sound reconstruction.  That said, the inset shows ten columns at the front, while the plan by Palladio definitely shows twelve columns.

      Finally another reconstruction from an interesting page on the temple here (image here):

      And another from the same site, showing the rear wall:

      These are all very useful images.  Let me give also one that I have published before:

      This shows the rear corner of the temple, still standing, facing the newly erected Quirinal palace, but looking along the back of the temple down some arcades.  I have never known where this comes from, tho, and the writing is too small to read.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Samian Research

      [First posted in AWOL 4 October 2013, updated 19 July 2017]

      Samian Research
      The Website comprises a suite of databases concerned with samian ware. Their aim is to standardize the recording and publishing of samian ware in such a way that the data is available both for comaparative identification, and more significantly for scientific analysis using statistical and mapping tools. All have their individual search masks appropriate to the questions likely to require resolution. The databases comprise the following:
      - Names on samian ware
      - Name marked decorated vessels
      - Ovolo Vessels
      These databases have been developed historically as 'stand alone' applications. At some future date it would be desirable to achieve a complete cross-index, but this is beyond the current capacit y of the contributors.

      Names on samian ware

      As a result of a co-operation agreement between the Universities of Reading and Leeds together with the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz, the life-long study made by Brian Hartley and Brenda Dickinson of the stamps and signatures on samian ware has also become available on the database. They were originally published as a series of books (Institute of Classical Sudies, London, from 2008 onwards), and replaces the Index of Potters' Stamps (Oswald, 1931).

      Ovolo vessels

      This database is presently devoted to South Gaulish decorated samian ware which has an ovolo. The illustrations of decorated ware have been taken from scanned rubbings where possible, to ensure accuracy and a fair representation of the condition of the vessel concerned. The principles employed can be extended to other production centres when specialists are available to enter the necessary data.

      Name-marked vessels

      These vessels carry either potters' stamps or signatures. Data capture started with the name-marked decorated products of the South Gaulish samian industry of the first century AD., and has mainly come from the international Pegasus research group led by Geoffrey Dannell, and the work of Allard Mees (Mees 1995). Additional materials came from the records of Marinus Polak (Radboud University Nijmegen), Peter Webster (Cardiff University) and Alain Vernhet (CNRS Millau - F). The Lezoux archive of Brian Hartley was added with the outstanding help of Robert Hopkins. Products from Rheinzabern were added by Allard Mees, and it is hoped that the database can be extended over time to include all of the other main production centres of Gaul and Germany.

      Technical backgrounds

      The RGZM database is running on an Adobe Coldfusion server. On some query result pages, plugins (Flash, Java) are required. The database concept and most of the programming code was done by Allard Mees. But when it became tricky, Guido Heinz was always available to provide a solid technical solution.
      Paul Tyers did the scripting to migrate the original books into Excel format. Also the Samian font to display the special characters was designed by him.

      Restricted Access

      Some parts of this database still have restricted access. In order to protect the commercial interests of the book publishers, data output of the Guest accounts may be limited by omitting fields like images, dating and literature or are incomplete concerning the number of output records. It is planned to open the database for general use in Summer 2016.


      Without the help from Wendy and Robert Hopkins, Katja Hölzl, Ulrike Kessel and many others, these digitised versions of hitherto scattered archives would not have been processed so rapidly.

      July 18, 2017

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      CDLI's Recent Publications in Assyriology

       [First posted in AWOL 13 October 2014, updated 18 July 2017]

      CDLI's Recent Publications in Assyriology
      A list of Recent Publications in Assyriology and related fields with key words and abstracts (as well as links to TOC's when available online) (this list is based primarily on new arrivals of books and journals in the Sackler Library at the University of Oxford, please send additions and corrections to Lynn-Salammbô Zimmermann).



          Household and Family Religion in Persian-Period Judah: An Archaeological Approach
          By José E. Balcells Gallarreta, ANEM 18, 2017
          download paperback hardcover
          Exploring Zechariah, Volume 2: The Development and Role of Biblical Traditions in Zechariah
          By Mark J. Boda, ANEM 17, 2017
          download paperback hardcover
          Exploring Zechariah, Volume 1: The Development of Zechariah and Its Role within the Twelve
          By Mark J. Boda, ANEM 16, 2017
          download paperback hardcover

          eClassics Forum

          The Vulgate Psalms in Classical Audio

          New at Latinum: the Vulgate Psalms in classical audio are now complete. I have also started working on recording versions of Buchanan's Psalm paraphrases, and Castellio's more classical translation. In progress is an audiobook of L'Homond's 'Historiae Sacrae', Maude's 'Julia', and Latin paraphrases by John Stirling (currently I am producing an audio version of his Eutropius paraphrase). I encourage my members to make suggestions for new recording projects; I currently work on Latinum for a couple of hours a day.