Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

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July 18, 2018

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Making a selection of interesting passages to translate from Eusebius’ Commentary on the Psalms

I dislike translations of “selected passages”.  You always wonder what was in the missing bits.  On the other hand Eusebius’ Commentary on the Psalms is so immense that nobody has translated anything much of it.  Indeed Andrew Eastbourne’s translation of the portion on Ps.51/52 is pretty much all that anybody has done.

I’ve been compiling a list of passages that might usefully be translated (psalm numbers as in PG, i.e. LXX/Vulgate, rather than KJV/NIV).  Contributions are welcome, of course!

  • Introduction – PG23.68-72 – a short list by Eusebius of the subject matter of each of the 150 Psalms, entitled Hupotheseis (“Themes”).  This is already done.
  • Ps. 51 – PG 23.445d-448a, the conclusion to his preface to Ps 51, in which he presents a detailed review of the jumbled chronology of the psalms attributed to David in the first two portions of the Psalter.  This is already done as part of the Ps.51 translation.
  • Ps. 60, v.6 – PG 23.580c – Recognizing that the psalms originated in the prayers of Israel, he says “. . . the things that were uttered were rightly no longer regarded as ordinary prayers but as prophetic words, and the ones who had received the charisma of the discernment of spirits inserted them into the divine books”.  TODO. There is a chunk of stuff about inspiration of the bible here, perhaps half a column to a column.
  • Ps 62, 2-3 – PG 23.601a–604b – Prof. Hollerich in his article (below) says that he has a translation of this in the Eusebius chapter in the forthcoming New Cambridge History of the Bible, presumably vol. 1.  I don’t have access to this though.  It contains material on how the psalter was assembled.  TODO.  The commentary on v.2-3 actually starts on col. 599-605; but the interesting material is 599-603B, two and a half columns.
  • Ps 86, 2-4 – PG 23.1040b – 1041d.  This has more material on how the psalter was assembled.  “There too, he says, the order of events and of prophecies is sometimes reversed, with prophecies from later times being found in earlier parts of the books. In both cases, the “probable” (eikos) explanation is that the unhistorical sequencing of the books is due to the fact that those who preserved the prophecies added them to the book as they incidentally came to their attention, following disruptions like the Babylonian Exile. The same explanation applies to the Psalter—unless, he adds, someone wishes to propose a deeper meaning (bathuteros nous) that has escaped him (PG 23.1041d).  He flatly denies that the psalm numbers themselves could carry inherent significance, as if “. . . the fiftieth in number contains the understanding of the forgiveness of sins because of the fifty year period referred to in the Law, the period which the children of the Hebrews call a ‘jubilee’ . .”  TODO:  Two columns, from 1040 to the top of 1043.
  • Ps 86:5-7 – PG 23, 1048C – 1049C – In this psalm the LXX differs notably from the other Greek versions (and Eusebius usually presumed that that meant the LXX differed from the Hebrew as well).  So ought to be interesting.  TODO:  A column at most.
  •  Ps.87:11 – PG 23, 1064A – This mentions the mnêma (tomb) and martyrion of the Savior in Jerusalem, where, he says, miracles were being performed among the faithful, thereby indicating that this is a late work.  TODO: Just a few lines before and after the sentence.
  • Ps 91 (92), PG 23. 1169/1170B, the psalm is entitled, A psalm or song for the sabbath-day. Eusebius begins his commentary by stating that the patriarchs had not the legal Jewish sabbath; but still ‘given to the contemplation of divine things, and meditating day and night upon the divine word, they spent holy sabbaths which were acceptable to God.’  Then a long quote which I have here.  Then Ps 92 – PG 23. 1172A: καὶ πάντα δὴ ὅσα ἄλλα ἐχρῆν ἐν Σαββάτῳ τελεῖν, ταῦτα ἡμεῖς ἐν τῇ Κυριακῇ μετατεθείκαμεν (and so all the other things that one must observe on the Sabbath, these things we have transposed to the Lord’s Day’, as discussed here; and here).  TODO: The psalm starts at 1163D.  Our interest fades at 1173B.  About four columns.  The whole psalm would be nine columns.

   *   *   *   *

That’s not an impossible quantity of material, perhaps ten columns in all.  I might enquire whether Fr Alban Justinus might like to translate it for us.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

In Praise of Trucks

This is another draft of an essay for the North Dakota Quarterly blog and a case study for what happens when you have to clean up from a major thunderstorm while jet lagged. Comments, critiques, or ridicule welcome, as always!

I had been home from my summer field work for about 24 hours when I found myself in our yard, cleaning up branches from a major summer thunderstorm. For the next five or six days, I watched pick-up trucks full of fallen limbs, brush, and other debris transport their crumpled cargos to the local green-waste disposal site. I filled my 2003 Ford F-150 up with branches as well and hauled them out of my yard. In times like this, I appreciated the utility of the American half-ton pick-up truck and celebrated their ubiquity in my small town in North Dakota.

I recognize, of course, that this is not a popular position to have. Trucks are inefficient vehicles in the best of circumstances. The get miserable gas milage, their size and weight is unnecessary for grocery store runs, the daily commute, or finding parking in a crowded Starbucks, and their design language embodies a kind of hyper masculinity that puts brute strength before all subtlety in an increasingly complex world. Moreover, they’re not particular fun to drive, they don’t typically involve the latest and greatest in automotive technology, and they are designed around predictability and persistence. They’re boring and ubiquitous, and perhaps this accounts for widespread availability of parts and accessories to customize these vehicles. I can’t and won’t deny that my truck is boring, inefficient, and vulgar, but I do love it. 

I also appreciate the willingness of truck owners to take on part of the collective guilt in society in the name of a kind of situational utility. After a big storm, few would doubt the utility of the truck and value of local truck owners. When it comes time to move, pick up that big purchase at a local store, load up on mulch, buy wood for rebuilding a deck, or any of the other suburban, middle class chores that seem to never end, the neighbor’s truck becomes a community resource. When weather disasters attract national attention, there’s the ironic celebration of monster or lifted-truck owners who bring their absurd vehicles to the rescue of beleaguered suburbanites, who invariably drive lesser vehicles or hybrids. Truck drivers, in some ways, have become inverted scapegoats for their communities. They contribute during moments of particular need or crisis, but otherwise endure the criticism for their outsized and outmoded vehicles. 

As a university professor, in the humanities, at a state university, I’m pretty comfortable holding an position that is unpopular among a sizable part of the population (although probably the same part of the population who also own more than their share of trucks). In contrast to the noble truck, in the absence of crisis, humanities faculty are politely ignored and is, at worst, seen by critics as a harmless concession to tradition, and, at best, as a useful way to prepare students for the complexities of everyday life. During times of financial or ideological crisis, however, humanities faculty become the scapegoats for perceived problems in higher education or, more broadly, the profligacy of obsolete public institutions that peddle in useless factoids or convoluted theorizing of limited practical value.   

Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities

Summer Interns Contribute Research to the Lakeland Digital Archive

Two new grants, a Research Continuity Micro-Grant from the University of Maryland College of Arts and Humanities and a Community Partnership Grant from the American Studies Association, will provide funds for a team of students to conduct new oral history interviews with elder community members from Lakeland, an African American community of College Park, Maryland. This work is part of a collaboration between the Lakeland Community Heritage Project (LCHP), the University of Maryland’s Department of American Studies, and MITH.

Eight students will work with us this summer—four from the Lakeland community and four from local schools and universities. The students are receiving 8 hours of training introducing them to the history of Lakeland and the LCHP and learning oral history methods they will use to conduct interviews. The project will follow a template that Project Director Dr. Mary Corbin Sies has previously used with classes as part of her long-term investment in working with the Lakeland community. In addition to Sies, Ms. Violetta Sharps Jones, a local historian and LCHP board member, MITH’s Stephanie Sapienza, Dr. Asim Ali, a Lecturer and ethnographer from the Department of American Studies, and Ashleigh Coren, Special Collections Librarian for Teaching and Learning, at the University of Maryland Libraries are all contributing their expertise.

Group photo of interns and instructors for Lakeland oral history project

Members of the Summer 2018 Lakeland Oral Histories team

At our first session, Ms. Sharps Jones shared stories about Lakeland’s early history with the students. She explained Lakeland’s central geographic location among a group of small, interconnected African American communities along U.S. Route One in Prince George’s County, MD. Because it was the location of the main African American high school in the county prior to 1950 and its easy access to train and trolley transportation, Lakeland became a natural gathering place for African American social and recreational activities.

The mission of the LCHP, a decade-old local historical society, is to preserve and share the history and heritage of Lakeland, which thrived until its self-contained cultural traditions and sense of place were undermined by social change and a devastating urban renewal program. Dr. Sies and the Department of American Studies have collaborated with LCHP since 2009, establishing an ongoing community-engaged project whose primary achievement is creation of The Lakeland Digital Archive. The partnership provides LCHP—an all-volunteer historical society—with student and faculty labor to help document and archive Lakeland’s history while training students in an ethical and equitable practice of collaborative heritage research in which students assist Lakelanders to produce historical knowledge in their own voices.

MITH joined the project in 2017 when we offered our experience with digital preservation and agreed to house and secure the Lakeland Digital Archive on MITH’s servers. Our role now is to help make available the results of years of research by community members and UMD students documenting an historic African American community before and after segregation. Over the course of the past several months, MITH faculty Sapienza, Ed Summers, and Trevor Muñoz have worked with Sies and LCHP President Ms. Maxine Gross to inventory, organize, and augment metadata for objects already in the digital collection. We have organized two events with Lakelanders to crowdsource identification of subjects among the many photos in the collection.

In collaboration with members of the Lakeland community, MITH is facilitating a multi-year effort to redesign the archive website to make available the history of Lakeland in forms accessible to the community. The new oral histories that student researchers collect this summer will join the thousands of other items in this important digital resource.

The post Summer Interns Contribute Research to the Lakeland Digital Archive appeared first on Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Forthcoming Open Access Journal: The Bulletin of the Munich Open-Access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative

The Bulletin of the Munich Open-Access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative
This occasional open-access publication is intended to correct, supplement, and update information published by the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus (NATC) Project (directed by Simo Parpola; University of Helsinki), Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia (RIM) Project (directed by A. Kirk Grayson; University of Toronto), and Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) Project (directed by Grant Frame; University of Pennsylvania). Contributions to the Bulletin are primarily intended to highlight both important and minor differences between the freely accessible online version of a text hosted on the Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (Oracc) Project and its original publication.

The notes, the corrigenda and addenda, corrected reprints of published pages, and original studies published here will mainly serve as platform for the LMU-based Official Inscriptions of the Middle East in Antiquity (OIMEA) and Archival Texts of the of Middle East in Antiquity (ATMEA) Projects to disseminate relevant information about variety of ancient texts. BMOCCI is not intended to only include material written by the OIMEA and ATMEA staff. Scholars and students interested in contributing a note or article on official inscriptions and archival texts are encouraged to submit a contribution.

July 17, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

RAI64 workshop resources

RAI64 workshop resources
This post links to the online resources used in Eleanor's part of the Oracc workshop at RAI64 in Innsbruck, 18 July 2018.
  1. New Easy Oracc (NEO)
  2. Nammu text-editor
  3. Virtual Oracc projects for teaching

Call for Papers: Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia

Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia
July 17th, 2018 by Gabriel Bodard

Forwarded for Annamária Pázsint:
We are pleased to announce the call for papers for the following number of the journal Studia UBB Digitalia, which will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history and archaeology.
Please find below details regarding the publication:
Studia UBB Digitalia (ISSN 2559-6721) is the official journal of the Transylvania Digital Humanities Center – DigiHUBB (Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania). It is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly publication, indexed in CEEOL and dealing with subjects of general interest in the field of digital humanities.
Its following number (4/2018) will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history & archaeology, with a special focus on projects and initiatives pertaining to these fields. The subjects can include, but are not limited to, digital approaches to geo-visualization, non-invasive archaeological prospections, markup, scholarly annotation, photogrammetry, databases, etc.
The call in open to all scientists of the field, but we strongly encourage submissions from career researchers.
The deadline for submissions is November 1st 2018 and for the Authors Guidelines, please see the dedicated page on the journal’s website. For additional questions on this number of Studia UBB Digitalia, please contact dr. Rada Varga (radavarga@gmail.com.

Alexandra Trachsel (Travelling with Demetrios of Skepsis)

11th Celtic Conference in Classics

I just spent a few marvellous days in St. Andrews at the 11th Celtic Conference in Classics. Now, as I am on my way back, I would like to take the time to sum up my impressions.


My paper belonged to the panel on mythography that had as its title Mythography not Mythology: commentaries and boundaries. We touched on an amazingly wide range of topics that came from a broad chronological framework. The panel was roughly divided into four thematic blocks.

The first block contained a variety of papers that focused on case studies and examples from Greek texts. In this context, we began with papers that gave us insight into the commenting tradition and its link to and/or usage of mythography.

  • In my paper (Mythography: Commenting on Homer or Collecting Mythological Stories? Apollo Smintheus as a Case Study), I tried to show how the complex nexus of comments about one special passage from Homer (Chryses’ prayer in book 1 of the Iliad) was transmitted, alluded to and reworked from Strabo to Aelianus.
  • We also examined in the second talk (Pelops in Lesbos: Analysis of the Scholion to Iliad 1.38 and Hamburg Papyrus 199 (Mythographus Homericus)) to what extend comments preserved in a very indirect way, for instance reworked in the scholia to the Iliad or preserved in papyrological fragments can provide information about non-standard versions of a myth. Our example here was a Lesbian version about the hero Cillus, who was the charioteer of Pelops. This version, linked to the topography of the Troad, must have developed in answer to a panhellenic version that was linked to Olympia.
  • The commenting tradition on Pindar’s poems was also the topic of the next paper (Erginus, Protogeneia and Cycnus: Three Mythographical Narratives in the Scholia to Pindar). From several examples we could see how diversified the commenting tradition was, as each of the examples showed the many different ways, in which one line or expression in Pindar’s text could be explained. The focus could be on paraphrasing Pindar’s text in simpler terms. This could be done with a more or less direct link to the primary texts. Parts of the comment could also be composed by more or less independent phrases, where the scholar shows his skills and knowledge by providing additional information.
    • In these two papers we got the newest insights into the state of affair about the mysterious but fascinating Mythographus Homericus.

A second block was created by papers that were not primarily focusing on commenting but on other literary activities linked to mythography.

  • A very interesting perspective was given by the analysis of a papyrus with a collection of anecdotes with either mythographical or ethnographical contents (Challenging the Borders between Mythography and Historiography in the Papyrus P.Oxy. II 218). It was especially tantalizing to see how one can work on a text, for which the author remains unknown. Nonetheless, we can observe his deep understanding of several traditions that he could associate freely and blur for us the boundaries between mythography, ethnography and paradoxography.
  • In a further paper (Diodorus’ Authorial Mythography) we also looked at Diodorus and how he shaped the mythological accounts, while transmitting them, for his own literary and political agenda. At the end of the paper, we were presented with a witty observer of his time, who felt the great changes the Augustan age brought and acknowledged it in his careful selection and composition principles.
  • The focus on the author at work was also dealt with by the paper on Ps-Apollodorus (Cohérence et diachronie dans la Bibliothèque du Pseudo-Apollodore). Similarly to what can be observed in Diodorus, it is worth investigating the voice of the author in Apollodorus’ Library. He is a mind that worked independently from his sources and reworked and selected information from their texts according to his own convictions, and literary principles. If we do pay attention to this, besides the study of Apollodorus’ sources, we may gain access to other more submerged version of a given narrative.
  • When speaking about a tradition, to which people can allude or which can be played with, we have also to investigate how this form of knowledge was learned and how widespread it was. This question was raised by the talk on the evidence from school texts (Learning (through) Mythography). We saw through these fascinating scraps of papyri how mythography was also part of the class room, either on the teachers’ or on the pupils’ side.
  • How widely mythological lore was know and how fully it belonged to ancient culture was demonstrated by the paper on paroemiographical texts (Between Myth and Exegesis: Mythography in the Paroemiographical Tradition). We were told how in Zenobius’ collection, some sequences of the explanations, given for proverbs that have their roots in mythology, can be seen as witnesses about previous mythographers such as for instance Hellanicus.

A third block was dedicated to the Latin mythographer Hyginus and contained a fascinating group of papers on Hyginus. Although the text is transmitted in a very problematic way, the colleagues who study this text showed us how much we can still gain from it about the author behind it.

  • We had a very convincing paper on the arrangement of the anecdotes, in which I was particularly interest because of my own interest in the question of arrangement/ordering of collections (Le (deuxième) cycle thébain d’Hygin: étude de l’organisation narrative des fables 66 à 76).
  • We also focused on the sources of Hyginus, either Greek or Latin (Commenting on Hyginus). The case studies from this joint-paper were taken from tragedies, and I found it particularly enriching to have an outlook on Latin tragedies, which is very seldom done.
  • We also dealt with some thoughts about how the anecdotes are composed and that the way they narrate the storis is focusing on the heroes themselves, rather than on the story, the setting or the gods (Condensing Mythological Material: What Does Mythology Mean in the Pseudo-Hyginus Epitome Called Fabulae?).
  • We saw in the last paper (Lycurgus in fabula. The Eventful Afterlife of Greco-Roman Drama in Hyginus) how this could be done, as the paper focused on a case study dedicated to Lycurgus. This paper also reminded us of the visual sources that authors had at their disposal and which contributed to the tradition, from which they could take their inspirations.

A last block was opening up our perspective and focused on examples from far beyond Antiquity.

  • One of them focused on the reception of Palaephatus and his way of reinterpreting and rewriting myths. It was in the Renaissance and especially through Spanish scholars that Palaephatus went as far as Mexico in the form of visual representations of Centaurs (Le voyage de Palaephate de la Grèce au Mexique: les routes et chemins de la réception).
  • We also saw how puzzled the first modern editors and collectors of mythography were when dealing with the texts that were at the centre of our panel (Les Opuscula mythologica de Thomas Gale (1671-1688): stabilité et variabilité du corpus mythographique ancien). Here too, I found the paper very suggestive, as it focused on collecting, however from a completely different angle. So it allowed us to think further on this literary activity and the modification it underwent during the ages.

Many thank to all – especially to the two organisers – for this panel!


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies Online

Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies Online
ISBN: 978-960-9480-35-2
The 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies (12th ICCS) was held in Heraklion from 21 to 25 September 2016 and organised by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies. The Congress was divided into three parallel sections corresponding to Antiquity, the Medieval period and the Modern period, along the thematic axis of mobility of people, ideas, and goods, to, from and within the island of Crete. A total of 319 original presentations were made by Greek and foreign scholars specialising in a variety of disciplines. The languages of the Congress are Greek, English, French, German and Italian. 

The online publication of the Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies is organised by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies with the generous support of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation. The papers will be uploaded gradually within four months of their submission, following a review, editing and formatting process. The publication is expected to be completed by mid-2018. 

Since its establishment by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies (SCHS) in 1961, the International Congress of Cretan Studies has been held every five years in the capital of each of the four Prefectures of Crete in turn. The International Congresses of Cretan Studies has been a platform for important presentations on archaeology, history, literature, ethnology, linguistics and other fields and their Proceedings continue to play a vital role in the study of Cretan history and culture.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The very words in which Constantine ordered the bible to be assembled? The strange, odd Oahspe hoax.

On Twitter today I came across some really rather unusual claims about Christian history.  These were advanced with the usual utter certainty that every crank seems to possess.  The author of these pronounced:

This is what emperor Constantine said during the council of nicaea…

“28/48.31.  Search these books, and whatever is good in them, retain: but whatever is evil, cast away.  What is good in one book, unite with that which is good in another book.  And whatever is thus brought together shall be called, THE BOOK OF BOOKS.1181  And it shall be the doctrine of my people, which I will recommend to all nations, so that there shall be no more war for religion’s sake.”

The tweeter employed the dubious practice of “quoting” but not referencing, so of course we don’t know from where he got this.  An enquiry was met with impudence.  As is so often the case with really wild claims, the tweeter appeared to have some personal integrity issues.

Of course Constantine said nothing of the kind, as I hope we all know.  This is purely fiction.  But … where from?

I quickly discovered a possible source: In His Name vol. 4, Trafford Publishing, 2014, by E. Christopher Reyes, whose interminable litany of factual errors, combined with no little spite, included this on p.273.  The reference given was “God’s book of Eskra” (?) op. cit., chapter 48, paragraph 31.

But according to this website all this material was to be found in an article by the renegade church minister Tony Bushby in Nexus magazine in 2007.  This indicated that “God’s book of Eskra” was “God’s Book of Eskra, Prof. S. L. MacGuire’s translation, Salisbury, 1922”.  Bushby went on to produce a book, The Bible Fraud, and you can’t argue with the title. He seems to have faded from view since.

A little investigation revealed that this “Book of Eskra” is a 19th century modern apocryphon called Oahspe: a new bible.  In fact I have written about Bushby and this very work here, with a link to chapter 48 of this fake text here.

Clearly the tweeter was quoting some version or other of the Oahspe fake, although indirectly.

It’s permissible to wonder what kind of person fills his head with nonsense of this kind in these days, when the raw data is ever so accessible.  Poor souls.

AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

Mapping Islamophobia – Visualizing Islamophobia and Its Effects


Mapping Islamophobia – Visualizing Islamophobia and Its Effects

"Mapping Islamophobia is a project headed by Grinnell College history and religious studies professor Caleb Elfenbein, with contributions from a number of Grinnell College students and technical support from Mike Conner. The project utilizes a series of powerful interactive maps that document incidents of violence, discrimination, and bias targeting Muslim individuals and communities in the United States. One such map, along with an accompanying interactive timeline, allows visitors to view the prevalence of Islamophobia between the years 2011 and 2018. In addition, these maps allow visitors to investigate Islamophobic incidents by incident type (including legislation, public campaigns, and crimes against people) and the gender of the targeted individual. The team behind Mapping Islamophobia collected information about these incidents from a variety of "media outlets with clear editorial oversight." By selecting individual pins on these maps, visitors can learn more about specific incidents and news sources. The Mapping Islamophobia project also contains Countering Islamophobia, an interactive map that documents "how American Muslim communities have responded to the increasing presence of anti-Muslim hostility in American public life over time." This map highlights community outreach activities, interfaith initiatives, and more."
[Description from Scout Report]

Dan Cohen's Digital Humanities Blog

In Praise of Email

Remember a decade or two ago when it was our national pastime to complain about email? More recently, as I’ve reassessed this blog, my social media presence, and our centralized digital platforms in general, I’ve come to realize just how much the email system got right, in spite of full inboxes, spam, and security issues. Despite, or perhaps because of, its early inception, email avoided many of the worst aspects of our modern media environment.

Let’s review:

  • Email is radically interoperable and universal.
  • You can have your own email address, using your own domain name, independent of any centralized service, and portable between providers. If you wish, you can also choose an email address at a centralized provider.
  • Regardless of provider, you can easily download all of your email onto your local computer or device. You can locally search your email archive; you are not beholden to any provider’s indexing system.
  • Identity on email is [username] at [domain name] rather than just a username that presumes that you are on a specific site or service. Leaving off the domain or service name prevents interoperability because of potential namespace confusion.
  • There are commonly implemented and generally respected standards and protocols for uploading, downloading, and syncing email between machines that are not under the control of a single entity.
  • Most email systems do not signal to others that you are online, and such signaling is not part of the email protocols themselves.
  • Filtering (e.g., spam filtering) is a separate system, and you can choose different filtering systems. Those filtering systems can do many things, including blocking, muting, suppressing images, sorting, and responding — all at the discretion of the user.
  • Although some email systems algorithmically sort email by priority or importance, that is not part of the email system itself. Again, this can be added, or not, by the user, and the default is strictly chronological.
  • The creation of groups (e.g., email listservs) is decentralized and yet effective.
  • You can attach files of any kind to an email, not just an image or video.
  • There are a wide range of clients to compose and read email, with features to match every style of interaction with the email system.
  • You can end-to-end encrypt email.
  • It is possible to have an email environment without distracting ads.

Compare that list with other, newer platforms we use today. I think it looks pretty darn good. Now think about structuring some of those platforms in the same way, and how much better they would be.

The Stoa Consortium

Digital Classics issue of Studia UBB Digitalia

Forwarded for Annamária Pázsint:

We are pleased to announce the call for papers for the following number of the journal Studia UBB Digitalia, which will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history and archaeology.

Please find below details regarding the publication:

Studia UBB Digitalia (ISSN 2559-6721) is the official journal of the Transylvania Digital Humanities Center – DigiHUBB (Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania). It is a peer-reviewed, open access scholarly publication, indexed in CEEOL and dealing with subjects of general interest in the field of digital humanities.

Its following number (4/2018) will be dedicated to digital classics, ancient history & archaeology, with a special focus on projects and initiatives pertaining to these fields. The subjects can include, but are not limited to, digital approaches to geo-visualization, non-invasive archaeological prospections, markup, scholarly annotation, photogrammetry, databases, etc.

The call in open to all scientists of the field, but we strongly encourage submissions from career researchers.

The deadline for submissions is November 1st 2018 and for the Authors Guidelines, please see the dedicated page on the journal’s website. For additional questions on this number of Studia UBB Digitalia, please contact dr. Rada Varga (radavarga@gmail.com.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Lucerna Newsletters

Lucerna Newsletters
Current and recent print editions of Lucerna are available solely to members of the Roman Finds Group. Published twice-yearly, this newsletter is now past its 50th edition.

Lucerna contains all that this website does, and even more: articles submitted by members, recently-discovered artefacts, appeals for help with identification, as well as information on all the page headings above, in greater detail, such as summaries of study days and conferences, book reviews and forthcoming events.

Contributions are always welcome - short notes or longer articles - so please send them to our editor Matt Fittock (see 'RFG Committee' page), and share your knowledge, information and requests with the rest of the Roman Finds Group.

Older editions of Lucerna are available to download free of charge below. More recent editions of Lucerna, along with all RFG Datasheets, can be accessed via our 'members login' area, at the bottom of this page.

(Please note that contact details of current committee members should be taken from our 'RFG Committee' page above, not from these archive Lucernae.)
Glynn J.C. Davis
Bone Spatulate Strips From Roman London
Tatiana Ivleva
Ongoing Research:
Global Glass Adornments Event Horizon in the
Late Iron Age and Roman Period Frontiers
(100 BC - AD 250)

Ben Paites
The Manufacture and Symbolism of Radiating
Designs on Brooches in Roman Britain

John Pearce, Sally Worrell and Frank Basford
Mars, Roma or Love. Actually?
A New Monogram Brooch from Britain

Philip Smither
Ongoing Research:
Romano-British Weighing Instruments

Humphreys, 0wen and Marshall, Michael
“The same, but different”: a miscellany of ‘Bügelzangen’ and related objects from Roman London
K. Adams, D. Boughton, A. Byard, R. Griffiths, M. Phelps, D. Williams, J. Pearce and S. Worrell
From figurines to fob-danglers: finds from PAS
Barbara Birley,
Keeping up appearances: the wooden hair combs from Vindolanda
Gill Dunn
Recent finds from Chester focusing on finds from the amphitheatre
Nicholas Ford
Greep, Stephen and Marshall, Michael
Brigantian immigrants to Londinium? New finds of perforated bone ‘spoons’
Worrell, Sally
Mystery objects (bronze ?vessel fragment with relief, gilded disc brooch, and ithyphallic figurines)
Dobson, Rebecca
Ritual or refuse? A summary of an artefact assemblage from the river Tees, Piercebridge
Lydamore, Chris with Hall, Jenny and Jackson, Ralph
Nodge Nolan obituary
Greep, Stephen
Red deer at the end of Roman Britain- a change in diet, hunting practices or new industrial processes?
 Wardle, Angela and Marshall, Michael
  Two obsidian objects from Roman London (probably handles)
Worrell, Sally and Pearce, John
A selection of Roman artefacts recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme in 2012
Greep, Stephen
Some more fishes? (bone fish pendants)
Bowsher, Julian and Marshall, Michael
A first glance at two prehistoric objects from Roman London
Cool, Hilary; Briggs, Stephen; Irving, Pam; Ward, Margaret; Henig, Martin
Glenys Lloyd-Morgan: an appreciation; the life; the young archaeologist; Glenys at Chester; Glenys and Venus
Crummy, Nina
Glenys Lloyd-Morgan: a bibliography
Swift, Ellen
An Iron Age helmet from Kent
Henig, Martin
The Silchester eagle: a comment
Durham, Emma
The Silchester eagle
Greep, Stephen
Five little fishes…or more? (bone fish pendants)
Mackreth, Donald
Dragonesque brooches (list including PAS items)
de Jersey, Philip
Jersey: a new coin hoard (iron age coins)
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
Mystery object
Friendship-Taylor, Roy and Greep, Stephen
A Claudian pit-group of bone hinges and box fittings from a ‘military’ latrine pit beneath the Piddington phase 1b proto-villa
Mackreth, Donald
Brooches needing a home (plea from specialist who wants to return finds to excavators)
Statton, Michelle
A follow-up on the AHRC collaborative doctoral awards, with an introduction to a study on dress, adornment and identity in late Iron Age and Roman Britain
Aggujaro, Angela
Roman razor from Bishop’s Cleeve, Cheltenham
Ferris, Iain
Images of disabled and Africans/black people (plea for information)
Dearne, Martin
A flagon lid from Enfield and a note on the type
Feugère, Michel
The Artefacts Project: an encyclopaedia of archaeological small finds
McIntosh, Frances
Wirral brooch: a regional variant of Roman bow brooch
Sherlock, David
Towards a typology of Romano-British spoons
Reynolds, Julie
A puzzling object from South Wales- any clues gratefully received (unusual pair of tweezers)
Payne, Naomi and Durham, Emma
The little horse from Chalk Pit Field, Sedgeford, Norfolk.
McIntosh, Frances
Brooch patterns? (lead trumpet brooch)
Daubney, Adam
Romano-British ‘ToT’ rings- some variations
Crummy, Nina
Evidence for an Isis cult in Colchester
Timby, Jane and Rigby, Val
Gallo-Belgic pottery database
Hobbs, Richard
British Museum collections now just one click away
Friendship Taylor, Roy (with Feugère, Michel)
Mystery object identified (as Etruscan strainer) (see Lucerna 35)
O’Riordan, Emma Jane
Small finds in the bigger picture: 3D scanning of archaeological objects for education and interpretation
Henig, Martin
A valedictory forbidding mourning (retrospective on his career as a small finds expert)
Dearne, Martin
A little poser from Enfield (possible Roman horse harness mount)
Dawson, Alan
‘Minerva’ wax spatula handle from near Norwich
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
Mystery object
Williams, Sandie
Plea for bells
Scott, Wendy
Possible temple site in Leicestershire
Webb, Dave
A patera/trulleum from Clay Farm, Cambridgeshire. Notes from ongoing research and the development of an online resource
Lydamore, Chris
A bath saucer from near Harlow, Essex
Lydamore, Chris
A possible method of producing barbed projectile heads in the late Roman period
Mould, Quita
A double-headed button and loop fastener from Reighton, North Yorkshire
Shaffrey, Ruth
The puddingstone rotary querns from Springhead Roman town, Kent
Kiernan, Philip
The Roman model objects project
Hobbs, Richard
Unusual silver spoon fragment
Crummy, Nina
A jug handle from Silchester
Schuster, Jorn et al
A late 5th – 6th century context (for a brooch) from Springhead, Kent
Jackson, Ralph
Unusual greyhound brooch
Hill, JD & Crummy, Nina
Late Iron-Age shears from Hertfordshire
Pooley, Laura
A gilded bone hairoin from Colchester
Puls, Jodi
Roman hairpins from Hampshire
Watters, Julian
Figurine of Harpcrates
Hobbs, Richard
Unusual Roman ‘test piece’
Williams, Sandie
Two bone stoppers from Silchester
Jackson, Ralph
An enamelled bronze pan from Staffordshire Moorlands, England: a souvenir from Hadrian’s Wall
Palmer, John
Catalogue of Roman Purbeck mortars
Major, Hilary
A pincer-type brooch from Southwark
Booth, Paul
Late Roman spurs from Lankhills, Winchester
Crummy, Nina
An unusual lamp from Colchester
Reece, Richard
The new Corinium Museum
Williams, Sandie
Tubular ferrules
Cool, Hilary
Brooches and moulds from Dymock
Jackson, Ralph
An unusual weapon find from Roman Britain
Wallace, Colin
(Portable) pine cone symbolism in Roman Britain
Friendship-Taylor, Roy
A new pair of Agathangelus type tweezers from Piddington Roman villa
Eckardt, Hella & Crummy, Nina
Presenting the body – toilet instruments in Roman Britain
Tracey, Justine
Purbeck marble inscriptions in Silchester
Minter, Faye
Strap fasteners from Suffolk
Worrell, Sally
Some new late Roman rivet spurs
Crummy, Nina
Using the Portable Antiquities Scheme data for research (using nail cleaners as a source)
Major, Hilary
The dating of Puddingstone querns
Bolton, Angie
Ox-head bucket mounts – a plea for details
Cool, Hilary
A soldier from Herculaneum
Hoffman, Birgitta
A brief note on the end date of the Cipius Polybius skillets
Herepath, Nick
A survey of Roman brooches from Cheshire
Herepath, Nick
‘Jelly baby’ mounts from Yorkshire
Crummy, Nina
And there’s more (wax  spatula handles)
Tongue, James
Seal boxes from Britain – a morphological review
Jackson, Ralph
A new treasure and a new goddess for Roman Britain
Crummy, Nina
Hunter-god handle from Yorkshire
McSloy, Ed
A zoomorphic clasp-knife handle from Gloucester
Cambridge, Owen & Watt, Tommy
The northernmost Roman brooch from Britain
Feugere, Michel
Penknives from Newstead: writing accessories
Hobbs, Richard
New iron Age site from East Leicestershire
Pugsley, Paola
Pasta shapes
Croom, Alex
Sexing brooches
Eckardt, Hella & Hobbs, Richard
An unusual decorated candlestick from Springhead, Kent
Robinson, Dan & Clarke, Vanessa
Possible temple inscription found in Chester
Grew, Francis & Brown, Gary
Londiniensium – cast in stone
Snape, Margaret
A worked stone from the vicus at South Shields (Arbeia)
Jackson, Ralph & Friendship-Taylor, Roy
The Piddington gladiator clasp-knife
Hill, JD
A pair of silver penannular brooches from Wheathampstead
Wardle, Angela
Ivory implements from London
Worrell, Sally
More Minerva bust wax spatula handles
Crummy, Nina
Other types of wax spatula from Britain
Pugsley, Paola
An item of Roman coopered furniture from Dorchester (Dorset)
Worrell, Sally
Some portable antiquities from Hampshire and Wiltshire
Geake, Helen
New wax spatula from Suffolk
Greep, Stephen
More amulets (Silchester)
Eckardt, Hella
Candlesticks in Roman Britain
Cool, Hilary
The Catterick Gallus
Major, Hilary
Roman decorated iron styli
Crummy, Nina
Wax spatula handle from Yorkshire
Johns, Catherine
A gold amulet-pendant from Eaton Constantine, Shropshire
Dunn, Gillian
Bronze vessels from Middlewich
Eckardt & Crummy
Ivory folding-knife handle from Silchester
Abauzit, Pierre
No more mystery? Bone phalluses - an explanation for the mystery widgets in Lucerna 22
Harrison, Emma
Box appeal – boxes found from Grateley South, Hants
Codreanu-Windauer, Silvia & Bartei, Antja
(Trans, Eckardt & Crummy)
Spindle, Whorl, Pot – a remarkable group of grave goods from Bavaria
Crummy, Nina
Nail-cleaners: regionality at the clean edge of Empire
Wardle, Angela
Mystery widgets – 2 unusual bone objects from London
Stokes, Mike with contributions from Henig, M & Johns, C
Rings and things
Pugsley, Paola
Etruscan hinged shoes
Penny, Stephen
Lead salt pans
Cotton, Jon
Bibliography of sets of gaming counters
Pugsley, Paola
Of Timotei and boxwood combs
Hembrey, Nicola
Help needed – mystery sandstone ?table fragment
Crummy, Nina
Toy storey – stacked counters from Colchester
Carter, Barry
Two lead bull heads from Cambridgeshire
Paynton, Ceinwen
Button-and-loop fasteners in a Roman province: A step towards a regional typology?
Pugsley, Paola
Wooden combs and niche markets
Cooke, Nick
Antler combs, big hair and the Mafia in late Roman Britain – an e-mail correspondence
Eckardt, Hella
An imported candlestick from Silchester
Crummy, Nina
An unusual brooch from Heybridge
Carter, Barry
A lead model from St Albans
Crummy, Nina et al
Agathangelus stamp
Snape, Margaret
Some unusual brooches from Arbeia Roman fort, South Shields
Cool, Hilary
Hairstyles and lifestyles
Crummy, Nina
A late Roman grave group from Durobrivae
Cool Hilary
Surfing the database
Allason-Jones, Lindsay
Gilding the black lily
Carter Barry
Lead brooches from Gloucester
Cooper, Nick
Mystery objects from excavations at Scole, Norfolk/Suffolk 1993-94
Crimmins, Julia &
Keally, Claire
A fibula in Dublin
Riddler, Ian
Hone News from Abroad:  The Clausentium Lamella
Guest, Peter
Johns, Catherine
The Hoxne Hoard – an update
Dearne, Martin
Research into Brooch Catchplate Return Decoration
Allen, Vincent
Mystery objects from Clausentium
- bone objects
Pollard, Richard
A ceramic cult figure from Leicester
Longer version published in Britannia 29 (1998)
Hoffman, Birgitta
Millefiori gaming counters
Ponting, Matthew
Roman Military Metalwork from Masada and Gamla, Israel: the chemistry of soldier and civilian in first century Palestine
Cool, Hilary
Panelled enamel vessels
Snape, Margaret
First century brooches on the northern frontier
Mackreth, Don
Colchesters in the North
Seeley, Fiona
An enigmatic object from Scole
Lucerna 10, November 1995
Wallace, Colin
Gallo-Roman clay figurines: how to find your way around the literature
Dearne, Martin
Spoon brooches
Wise, Philip
A fragment of Roman silver plate from Ratley and Upton
Lucerna 9, June 1995
Dearne, Martin
A burning question (Roman coal use in Britain)

(Later article published:
Dearne, M. I. & Branigan K. The use of coal in Roman Bntain Ant. J.75 (1995), 71-105)
Seeley, Fiona
Roman doorbells
Lucerna 8, March 1994
Croom, Alex & Snape, Margaret
Grave goods from the cemetery at Arbeia Roman fort, South Shields
Lucerna 7, April 1993
Lucerna 6, July 1992
Cool, Hilary
Introducing - Empty Vessels Signifying Something: An introduction to the common types of drinking vessels found on Romano-British sites
Kennett, D H
Introducing – An Introduction to late Roman bronze vessels and their literature
Lucerna 5, February 1992
Snape, Margaret
A Roman or Sub Roman Brooch

Clay, Patrick
Lead seal rewrites history
– Roman lead seal from Thorpe by Glebe
Lucerna 4, September 1991
Mackreth, Don
Brooch stamps in third-century Britain
Appleton, Graham
An introduction to the literature on Roman garden decoration with special reference to sculpture
Lucerna 3, January 1991
Jones, Christine
Annum Novum Faustum Felicem Mihi!
- Ceramic lamp celebrating the New Year
Davies, John
A late Roman bronze punch from Hampshire
Dearne, Martin
A Hebridean brooch
Bishop, Mike
An introduction to the literature on Lorica Segmentata
Davies, John
An introduction to the literature on Roman coins from British sites
Lucerna 2, Spring 1990
Evans, David
Column base from the extra-mural settlement at Caerleon: Gwent
Jones, Christine
An identification problem unhinged – bone hinges
Lloyd-Morgan, Glynnis
An introduction to Roman mirrors and their literature
Bayley, Justine
Castleford moulds – bronze flask
(Request for parallels)
Clay, Patrick
A Roman clasp knife from the Shires excavation, Leicester
Cool, Hilary
An introduction to the literature on Romano-British brooches
Duncan, Holly
Roman boxwood comb

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Survey Archaeology and Dogs

Since I’ve been home, I’ve been working my way through some recent scholarly on survey archaeology as we begin to analyze the data from the Western Argolid Regional Project. Hopefully I’ll have time to blog more at length about articles like, Marica Cassis, Owen Doonan, Hugh Elton, James Newhard, “Evaluating Archaeological Evidence for Demographics, Abandonment, and Recovery in Late Antique and Byzantine Anatolia,” Human Ecology 46 (2018): 381–398. Cassis et al. bring together the analysis of a range of survey projects in Anatolia to demonstrate a diverse array of changes in settlement across the region during the seventh and eighth centuries. The authors argue for regional variation but also connections to climate change, the occupation of marginal lands, and varying degrees of regional engagement in larger economic and political systems. 

I’ve also started to read carefully, John Bintliff, Emeri Farinetti, Božidar Slapšak, and Anthony Snodgrass, Boeotia Project, Volume II: The City of Thespiai: Survey at a Complex Urban Site. Cambridge 2017. While there is much to unpack in this volume, I genuinely appreciated the anecdote on p. 31. 

“One recollection, shared between the notebooks and our own vivid memories, is that of the ‘Hounds of Thespiai’. In those days, when dogs in rural Greece were almost never treated as pets, allowed in the home or kept on a leash (in contrast to the gilded pooches on parade in Athens’ Kolonaki Square), their main function in the countryside was to guard houses and sheep-folds. Apart from the violent barking which was the first form of custodianship, few ventured physical aggression unless one really intended to break into private property. To these rules of behaviour, comforting for the nervous student on field survey in Greece for the first time, the Mad Dogs of Thespies were a permanent exception. Once the field teams were in place in the lowlands of the ancient city each morning, only a few minutes of suspicious calm would elapse before a distant belling from the top of Thespies village hill above us would announce our detection by the Mad Dogs. They would immediately pour down the hill-side towards us at a great pace, then charge at the two teams. There never seemed to be an intention to stop short and make fierce gestures: rather, one got the repeated impression that large pieces of student were believed to be on offer to the under-fed mongrels. Only a Classical education offered daily security against the presumed threat: forming a circle, the field teams would present their steel-tipped sets of 2-m ranging poles to their would-be attackers. Wonderfully, after ten minutes of the ensuing stand-off, the Mad Dogs would slink off, but one could never be sure that an unexpected reprise might not occur later in the morning.”  

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

A false quotation of Augustine against the Jews

A correspondent wrote to me some time back, asking:

I’m currently translating John Gray’s booklet ‘Seven types of atheism’ into Dutch. On p. 17 Gray cites this line from Augustine’s ‘Pamflet against the Jews’: ‘The true image of the Hebrew is Judas Iscariot, who sells the Lord for silver. The Jews can never understand scripture, and forever bear the guilt of the death of Christ.’ I cannot find this line in your translation. What could be the matter here?

The gentleman is not the only one to wonder.  Anti-Christian quotations of the fathers are nearly always misquotations or frauds, as I discovered long ago when I reviewed a book of them.

Arie W. Zweip, Christ, the Spirit and the Community of God: Essays on the Acts of the Apostles,  Mohr Siebeck, 2010, wanders off his theme and into a discussion of anti-semitism.  But on page 90, he is obliged to add a note:

5. An Intermezzo: Fake Quotes

At this point I must make a brief but significant detour. Not infrequently Jerome’s and Augustine’s names are mentioned on the internet as outspoken propagators of Christian anti-Semitism. On a number of websites Jerome is quoted as having said that the Jews are “Judaic serpents of whom Judas was the model”, and also: “They (the Jews) are serpents, haters of all men. Their image is Judas. Their psalms and prayers are but the braying of donkeys”.

However, when I checked the quotations against the original, I could not trace their provenance. Virtually all authors quote these words without mentioning the exact source. There is a passage in Jerome’s commentary on Amos that comes close to it (“iudaeorum quoque oratio et psalmi, quos in synagogis canunt, et haereticorum composita laudatio tumultus est domino, et ut ita dicam, grunnitus suis et clamor asinorum, quorum magis cantibus israelis opera comparantur”),54 but the very references to serpents and to Judas are conspicuously absent. In his Verus Israel, Marcel Simon does quote the words of Jerome with a source reference, but he refers to Migne’s Patrologia Latina 26:1224, which is clearly wrong. It seems that we have here a clear example of a “fake quotation” that is running a life of its own.

I suspect the same is true of two anti-Semitic quotations not seldom attributed to Augustine that I was unable to trace: “The true image of the Hebrew is Judas Iscariot, who sells the Lord for silver. The Jew can never understand the scriptures and forever will bear the guilt for the death of Jesus’, and “Judaism, since Christ, is a corruption; indeed Judas is the image of the Jewish people: their understanding of Scripture is carnal; they bear the guilt for the death of the Savior, for through their fathers they have killed Christ. The Jews held Him; the Jews insulted Him; the Jews bound Him; they crowned Him with thorns; they scourged Him; they hanged Him upon a tree”. All this is not to say that Jerome and Augustine did not articulate anti-Semitic sentiments (they clearly did) nor to deny that they may have said things to that effect, but such allegations need to be corroborated by meticulous research and sound evidence, especially so in cases with such wide-ranging implications.

54. Jerome, Commentariorum in Amos; CCSL 76:2, LLT 589.

My own search revealed no source.  No doubt there is one, at some remote remove.  It may perhaps turn out to be someone’s summary of what they felt Augustine intended.

July 16, 2018

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The “Acts of Mark” and the “Martyrdom of Mark” – an unnecessary confusion

There is a certain confusion in online resources between two late apocryphal texts, the so-called Acts of Mark and the Martyrdom of Mark; and that there is a connection from this material to a spurious Encomium in XII Apostolos attributed to Severian of Gabala.

This I discovered in response to an enquiry about the Encomium; and then discovered that confusion even extends to the excellent NASSCAL site which tries to index the apocrypha.  This is all caused by a certain D. Callahan who, writing about or editing or translating the Martyrdom, proceeded to entitle his several publications Acts of Mark.[1]  (My thanks to Dean Furlong, who made the enquiry, and supplied several useful documents for this article.)

Fortunately Schneemelcher’s classic tome, New Testament Apocrypha, vol. 2, does not share this confusion.  Let’s discuss these two obscure texts, neither of which was familiar to me before today.  Most of this is summarised from Schneemelcher, of course.

Before we do so, a warning.  Neither of these should really be considered as New Testament Apocrypha.  They are really hagiographical works, “Christian novels” as a recent publication called such things.

The Martyrdom of Mark / Martyrium Marci / Martyrion tou agiou apostolou kai evangelistou Markou (NTA 2, p.461 f.)

The story is in 14 chapters and inter alia relates to Mark’s disciple, Anianus.

This work is preserved in a number of Greek witnesses, two of which have been printed, and are clearly related (BHG II, 1035-1036).

  •  Codex Vaticanus gr. 866.  This text was printed in the Acta Sanctorum, April vol. III, Antwerp 1675, XLVI-VII.
  •  Codex Parisinus gr. 881.  This text was printed in the Patrologia Graeca 115, cols. 164-9.  Note that although the PG prints the text among work of Simeon Metaphrastes, it has no connection with him.  Many of the translations into other languages seem related to this text.  English translation from the PG by A.D.Callahan, The Acts (sic) of Mark, diss. Harvard, 1992, appendix (p.119 f.)

The story must have been translated into Latin early, as a version is embedded in Prudentius (end of 4th c.).  A number of Latin versions of the story do exist (BHL 5276-5280).  An example is printed in the Acta Sanctorum (April III, Antwerp 1675, 347-349).

A Coptic version or versions also exist.

  • The Amherst Morgan 15 papyrus (7th century) is online here.  This was printed and translated in W. Crum, Theological Texts from Coptic Papyri, Oxford 1913, 65-68, also online here.  Schneemelcher lists a couple of other papyri.
  •  The Morgan Coptic Codex 635, fol. 24r-33v, contains an episode from the same narrative as part of a series of homilies or encomia.  These are the Encomia in XII Apostolos mentioned among the spuria of Severian of Gabala by the Clavis Patrum Graecorum, as CPG 4281.  This material has been published in the CSCO, and even translated into English (CSCO 545, 1992, homily 4, starting p.65), where it is headed “On St Peter and St Paul”. The homily or encomium is intended for the feast which marks the martyrdom of these two saints and the twelve apostles.  Being delivered in Egypt, it naturally devotes space to St Mark, the evangelist of Egypt.
  •  There is also a publication which I have not seen, A.D.Callahan “The Acts of Saint Mark: an introduction and translation.” Coptic Church Review 14 (Spr 1993), pp. 3-10.

There are also at least two Arabic versions.  The first (BHO 597) was published by Agnes Smith Lewis in Horae Semiticae III-IV, London 1904, 126-9, 147-151.  Another heavily reworked version (BHO 598) is incorporated in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria.  I have not seen it, but there is also A. D. Callahan “The Acts of Mark: tradition, transmission, and translation of the Arabic version.” In: F. Bovon (ed), Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, Harvard, 1999, pp. 63-85.  This I assume again relates to the Martyrdom, not the Acts.

Several copies of an Ethiopic version have reached us; and there is an Old Slavonic version.

Acts of Mark / Acta Marci / Praxeis kai Thaumata kai martyrion tou agiou evangelistou Markou (Schneemelcher, p.464)

This work in 35 chapters is a massively expanded reworking and paraphrase of the Martyrdom, drawing on material about St Mark from all sides, including the Acta Barnabae.  The text is preserved in Greek in a 13th century manuscript from the Stavronikita monastery on Mt Athos, Codex Athonensi Stauronicetae 18, fol. 175v-189. (BHG II, 1036m).  It was edited by F. Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana 87, 1969, 346-371.  An English translation is in progress by Mark A. House.  A draft of 5 chapters can be found in Salm’s paper, although 9 have now been translated.

A similar attempt to expand the Martyrdom can be found in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria, prefaced to the Arabic version of the Martyrdom.  It was edited with English translation by B. Evetts, Patrologia Orientalis 1, 1904, 134-40.

    *    *    *    *

The relation between these two works is now a lot clearer to me.  Let’s finish by giving Dr Callahan’s translation of the Martyrdom of Mark, as few will have access to it.

    *    *    *    *

Translated from Par. Gr. 881 = Paris Greek 881, entitled “Martyrdom of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Mark of Alexandria,” in Patrologia Graeca 115, cols. 164-69.


Section 1: Saint Mark’s Lot to Preach in Egypt

At that time when the apostles were being dispersed throughout the inhabited world, it was the lot of the most holy Mark to go into the environs of Egypt by the will of God, where also the blessed canons of the holy and apostolic Church decreed that he be the first evangelist in the entire region of Egypt, Libya and Marmarice, Ammaniace and Pentapolis to preach the gospel of the visitation (epidemias) of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Section 2: The Idolatry of the Inhabitants

For throughout the land were people uncircumcised in heart, idolaters, full of every uncleanness and worshippers of unclean spirits. For they furnished consecrated enclosures and sacred precincts for every house and street and province; and fortunes as well as magic, and every angelic power. Moreover, demonic [power] was among them, which the visitation of our Lord Jesus Christ arrested and destroyed.

Section 3: The Evangelist in Pentapolis

Then, after the oracularly announced evangelist Mark arrived in Cyrene and Pentapolis, speaking the word of the ruling power of Christ, and performing stunning miracles among them (healing the infirm, cleansing lepers, exorcizing fierce spirits by the word of his grace), many people, believing in our Lord Jesus Christ through him, threw their idols to the ground, were enlightened and were baptized in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

Section 4: The Call to Alexandria

It was then revealed to him there by the Holy Spirit to go up to the Alexandrian lighthouse [lit., Pharite] and spread the good seed of God. The blessed evangelist Mark, eagerly stepped up to the contest like a brave athlete and, greeting the brethren, said, “The Lord has told me to go to the city of Alexandria.” And the brethem escorted him to the boat. And after tasting his bread they sent him forth saying, “May the Lord Jesus Christ make your way go well.”

Section 5: St. Mark Arrives in Alexandria

And the blessed Mark arrived in Alexandria on the second day, and after disembarking from his boat came to a place called Mendion. Entering the gate of the city, immediately his sandal broke. But learning [this], the blessed apostle said, “Indeed, the way is well resolved.”

Section 6: The Evangelist Heals a Cobbler

And seeing a cobbler, he handed over the sandal to him. The needle in the hole pierced his right hand and he said [lit., says], “God is one!” And the blessed Mark, hearing “God is one,” said to himself with a laugh,” The Lord has made my way go well.” And he spit on the ground and made clay from the spittle and anointed the hand of the man, saying, “In the name of Jesus Christ, the son of the eternal living God, be well.” And immediately the man’s hand was healed.

Section 7: The Cobbler Invites St. Mark to His Home

The cobbler, having become acquainted with the power of the man and the efficacy of his word and ascetical appearance (or, “attire”), he said to him, “I beg you, 0 man of God, come, lodge today in the house of your servant and let us eat a morsel of bread together, and have mercy on me today.” But the blessed Mark said with glee, “May the Lord give you living bread.” And the man prevailed upon the apostle, and joyfully brought him into his house.

Section 8: At the Cobbler’s Home

The blessed Mark entered the house and said, “The blessing of the Lord [be upon] this place. Let us pray, brethren.” And they prayed together, and after the prayer they were summoned. As they made merry, the man said, “0 father, what is your name? Who are you, and whence this powerful word in you?” The holy Mark said, “I am a slave of the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God.” The man said, “I wish to see him.” And Mark the holy martyr of Christ said, “I am showing him to you.”

Section 9: Anianus, His Family, and Others are Converted

And the holy Mark began to relate [lit., ‘perform’] the gospel of Jesus Christ, Son of God, son of Abraham, and showed to them the matters concerning his prophets. But the man said, “I beg you, lord, I have not once heard of the writings of which you speak, but [only] the llliad and the Odyssey, and such things as make wise the children of the Egyptians.” Then the holy Mark [began: supply exate] to proclaim Christ to him and to demonstrate to him that the wisdom of this world is foolishness according to God. And the man believed in God because of the signs and wonders mentioned by Mark, and he and his entire household were enlightened along with a great multitude in that place. And the name of the man was Ananias.

Section 10: The Evangelist Ordains Clergy

As there came to be a multitude of those believing on the Lord, the people of the city heard that some Galilean had come there and was overturning the sacrifices of the gods and hindering their worship, and hatching plots against him they sought to kill him. But perceiving their designs, the holy Mark, after selecting Ananias as bishop and three presbyters Milaios, Sabinus and Kerdon, and seven deacons, i.e., eleven others for service to the church, fled and departed again for Pentapolis.

Section 11: St. Mark Returns to Alexandria

And after spending two years there, establishing the brethren and appointing bishops and clergy for each region of the countryside, he returned to Alexandria and found the brethren growing in the grace and discipline of God. And they built a church for themselves called the [places of the] Boukalou by the sea, beneath the steep banks. And the righteous one rejoiced greatly, and on bended knee glorified God.

Section 12: The Jealousy of the Pagans

But as enough time passed, the Christians multiplied, laughing the idols to scorn and ridiculing the Greeks. The Greeks learned that the saint and evangelist Mark had returned, and hearing of the wonderful deeds he was performing they were filled with jealousy. For he healed the infirm, cleansed the lepers, proclaimed the gospel to the deaf, and bestowed sight to many of the blind.

Section 13: The Pagans Seek to Capture the Evangelist

And they sought to capture him and could not find him. And they gnashed their teeth against him, and in the festive processions of their idols they shouted at him saying, “Many [are the] powers of the sorcerer!”

Section 14: St. Mark Arrested During the Passover

But it happened [that] our blessed feast of Passover fell on the holy Sunday, Pharmouthi 29th, from the eighth Kalend of May, i.e., April 24th, which coincided with the festive procession of Serapis. Finding such an opportune moment, they deployed spies; they fell upon him saying prayers of the divine offering. And seizing him, they threw a mooring rope around his neck and dragged him, saying, “Let us drag the antelope to [the places of the] Boukalou.”

Section 15: The Evangelist is Tortured

But while the holy Mark was being dragged along, he offered up thankgiving to the savior Christ, saying, “I thank you, Lord Jesus Christ, that I have been counted worthy to suffer these things on behalf of your name.” And his flesh was falling to the ground, and the stones were stained with his blood.

Section 16: St. Mark is Incarcerated

When evening had fallen, they threw him in prison, and deliberated upon the manner of death by which they should destroy him. But in the middle of the night, after the doors had been shut and the guards stationed at the doors, behold, a great earthquake occurred. For an angel of the Lord, coming from heaven, touched him saying, “O Mark, slave of God, chief of the saints in Egypt, behold your name has been inscribed in a book of eternal life and counted along with the holy apostles. Behold, your memorial shall never be forsaken. You have become a companion of the powers above in heaven. Archangels shall receive you and your remains on earth shall not perish.”

Section 17: The Lord Appears to the Evangelist

Having seen this vision, the blessed Mark, his hands outstretched, said, “I thank you, my Lord Jesus Christ, that you did not desert me, but you have numbered me with your saints. I beseech you, O Lord Jesus Christ, to welcome my soul and not reject me from your grace.” And after he said these things, the Lord Jesus appeared to him in the form [that he bore] when he was with his disciples, the very form [he bore] before his suffering and entombment, and said [lit., ‘says’] to him, “Peace to you, our own Mark, my evangelist.” And Mark said, “Peace to you, my Lord Jesus Christ.”

Section 18: St. Mark is Tortured to Death

But early in the morning, the multitude of the city returned and removed him from the prison. They again threw the rope around his neck and dragged [him about], saying, “Let us drag the antelope to [the places of the] Boukolou.” But the blessed Mark again offered up thanks to the creator of all, the Lord Jesus Christ, saying, “Into your hands, Lord, I commit my spirit.” And after he said this he surrendered his spirit.

Section 19: The Pagans Attempt to Burn His Remains

But the multitude of impious Greeks kindled a fire in the so-called Angels, and incinerated the remains of the righteous [one]. Then, by the foreknowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, a squall arose, and a great windstorm came along, and the sun ceased shining, and there was a great roar of thunder and heavy rain with lightening until evening, so as to knock down many dwellings and kill many. Afraid, they released the corpse of the saint and fled. But others sneered and said, “How their thrice-blessed Serapis made a visitation to the man on account of his birthday festival!”

Section 20: The Evangelist is Buried

Then devout persons came and wrapped up the body of the righteous one from the ashes and bore it to where they finished their prayers and hymn-singing, and dressed him [i.e., his body, for burial] according to the custom of the city, and laid him out in a place that had been splendidly hewn. They completed his memorial prayerfully and decorously; they valued him as the first treasure in Alexandria. They laid him to rest in the eastern section [of the city].

Section 21:Conclusion

The blessed Mark, the Evangelist and first martyr of our Lord Jesus Christ was laid to rest in Alexandria in the Egyptian month of Pharmouthi 30th, but according to the Romans before the Kalends of May; according to the Hebrews the 17th of Nisan, during the reign of Gaius Tiberius Caesar, but according to us the Christians during the reign of our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom be glory and power forever and ever. Amen.

  1. [1]This I learned from independent scholar Rene Salm, The Acts of Mark: An important discovery, online at Academia.edu here.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Ancient Lamps: RomQ Reference Collection

Ancient Lamps: RomQ Reference Collection
Lamps in pottery and metal made in the area centred by the Mediterranean over a period of some 3,500 years, from the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages, with a primary focus on those of Classical Antiquity. The objects reflect the influence of Greek, Hellenistic, Egyptian, Levantine, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic and other cultures.
Fakes & Reproductions



Ancient Lamps Catalogue

Notes | Abbreviations | Signatures | Inscriptions | Index of Motifs

Bronze & Iron Age Periods
Greek Period
Hellenistic Period
Plastic Lamps
Roman Period
Volute Lamps
Factory Lamps
North Africa
Asia Minor
Late Roman & Byzantine Periods
North Africa
Asia Minor
Byzantine & Medieval Periods
Metal Lamps
Lamp Moulds
Lamp Hook

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

SPAZI900. L’App della Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma


La Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma lancia Spazi900, l’App del Museo della Biblioteca, uno spazio concepito per rendere accessibile ai visitatori le collezioni letterarie della Biblioteca: carte e biblioteche d’autore, oggetti, quadri e arredi di molti tra i più importanti poeti e scrittori del Novecento italiano.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

IMAGO: The Roman Society Centenary Image Bank

 [First posted in AWOL  3 June 2015, updated 16 July 2018]

IMAGO: The Roman Society Centenary Image Bank
IMAGO was conceived in 2010 to commemorate the Roman Society's centenary. It is intended to be used by students, teachers, lecturers and everyone interested in the archaeology, history and material culture of ancient Rome.

Photos are donated and available to use and share for educational and research purposes only, and downloadable images can be quickly saved or copied into presentation software such as PowerPoint.
Click here for the complete list with brief descriptions of all photos in the IMAGO database (downloads as an Excel spreadsheet).

The majority of the photos are digitised copies of the Society's slide collection, which grew to include 3,500 slides - the best of the collection was scanned and enhanced to improve access to this valuable resource. Although the quality of some slides, mostly donated in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, is variable, they are also important records of how Roman monuments and their environments (and the people studying these remains) have changed over time. Many digital images are also available and these will grow as more photos are donated.

Donating photos of new and well known sites ensures users of IMAGO will continue to be able to access images of the lastest Roman finds and discoveries.

Open Access Journal: Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia

 [First posted in AWOL 18 Septembver 2012, updated 16 July 2018]

Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia
ISSN: 2239-4141
Fondata nel 2010, la rivista telematica semestrale Horti Hesperidum. Studi di storia del collezionismo e della storiografia artistica (ISSN 2239-4141) è pubblicata sotto il patrocinio del Dipartimento di Studi letterari, filosofici e di storia dell’arte dell’Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”. Dal 2012 è inserita nell’elenco delle riviste scientifiche nazionali accreditate dall’ANVUR. 

Horti Hesperidum si propone di dare visibilità alle ricerche di studiosi di storia dell’arte, più e meno giovani, impegnati a indagare le testimonianze scritte del passato e, quindi, a elaborare una più consapevole riflessione sugli strumenti di indagine storico-critica e sui modi di vedere che appartengono al nostro tempo.

Unitamente alla rivista nasce la Biblioteca di Horti Hesperidum, al cui interno saranno nel corso del tempo archiviati testi letterari di interesse storico-artistico, di vario genere ed epoca, dall’antichità all’età contemporanea, sui quali troveranno fondamento gli stessi saggi storici pubblicati nei fascicoli della rivista. Il programma editoriale di Horti Hesperidum è principalmente legato alle attività di ricerca condotte in stretta collaborazione da docenti e studenti all’interno del corso di laurea magistrale in Storia dell’arte presso la Facoltà di Lettere  e Filosofia dell’Università degli studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”.

Fascicolo 2017, I («La Roma di Raffaele Riario tra XV e XVI secolo. Cultura antiquaria e cantieri decorativi»)

Frontespizio e indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Presentazione
Luca Pezzuto, Premessa
Silvia Danesi Squarzina, Introduzione
Enzo Borsellino, Palazzo Riario-Corsini alla Lungara tra architettura, decorazione e collezionismo
Enzo Bentivoglio, Raffaele Riario tra i pontificati di Sisto IV e Leone X: ascesa, apogeo e tramonto
Silvia Ginzburg, Per una ripresa degli studi su Raffaele Riario: il giovane Michelangelo e la fortuna delle Muse del Prado
David Frapiccini, Il cardinale Raffaele Riario e gli affreschi  dell’episcopio ostiense: ideologia  e iconografia romano-imperiale  al  tempo  di Giulio II
Vincenzo Farinella, Dipingere ‘in latino’, a Roma, da Ripanda a Raffaello
Alessandro Angelini, Un gonfalone dimenticato e la cultura di Sant’Onofrio a Roma
Michele Maccherini, «Jacomo Ripanda bolognese» nelle Considerazioni di Giulio Mancini
Luca Pezzuto, Il Banco Galli-Balducci, Raffaele Riario e il suo pittore di fiducia: «Jacopo del Rimpacta da Bologna»
Stefania Castellana, «Jacobus pictor»: un equivoco documentario
Matteo Mazzalupi, I fratelli Rimpatta: novità biografiche dagli archivi romani
Atlante iconografico
Indice dei nomi (a cura di Carlotta Brovadan)

Fascicolo 2017, II («‘Invenit et delineavit’. La stampa di traduzione tra Italia e Francia  dal XVI al XIX secolo»)

Frontespizio e indice
Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò, Prefazione
Véronique Meyer, Francesca Mariano, Introduzione
Estelle Leutrat, Sienne, Paris, Anvers: les stations de sainte Catherine. Diffusion et interprétations d’une hagiographie gravée dans l’Europe post-tridentine
Carmelo Occhipinti, Ricognizioni su Léon Davent
Arnalda Dallaj, L’architettura “antica” di Montano nei metodi degli editori Giovanni Battista Soria e Bartolomeo de Rossi e qualche nota per Jérôme David
Blanche Llaurens, François Langlois dit Ciartres (1588-1647), marchand et éditeur des maîtres italiens
Francesca Mariano, Alcune novità per Jérôme David intagliatore di artisti italiani a Roma (1622-1625) e due proposte attributive per Antonio Circignani detto il Pomarancio
Véronique Meyer, L’interprétation au XVIIe siècle des œuvres de Francesco Albani par les graveurs français
Ludovic Jouvet, À dessein: Simon II Thomassin (1654-1733) et la peinture italienne
Alexandra Blanc, Parmigianino interpretato – i disegni incisi del conte di Caylus
Giorgio Marini, Laurent Cars, Joseph Wagner, Charles-Joseph Flipart: le radici francesi dell’incisione di traduzione a Venezia nel Settecento
Rosalba Dinoia, Bulinisti e acquafortisti italiani in Francia. La traduzione di due generazioni dell’Ottocento a confronto
Gabriella Bocconi, Alla gioventù studiosa delle arti. La traduzione in Calcografia come modello didattico
Flavia Pesci, Modelli francesi per l’acquaforte di fine Ottocento: Vittore Grubicy e l’incisione di traduzione

Fascicolo 2016, I («Studi su Vasari»)

Copertina, frontespizio e indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Editoriale (2016, I)
Floriana Conte, Introduzione
 Enrico Mattioda, Le poesie di Vasari e la dedica delle Vite  a Vittoria Colonna
 Antonio Sorella, Primi appunti sulla stampa delle Vite di Torrentino (1550) e dei Giunti (1568)
 Alessandro Nova, Vasari e il Ritratto
 Guido Rebecchini, Vasari, Alessandro de’ Medici, le arti e la politica della corte
 Carmelo Occhipinti, Ligorio e Vasari. Sulla   ‘Pazienza’ di Ercole II d’Este e su Girolamo da Carpi
 Chiara Laquintana, Considerazioni su un disegno poco noto di Giorgio Vasari
Federica Kappler, Su Simone Mosca in Santa Maria della Pace
Cristina Conti, Rosso Fiorentino e Gentile Virginio Orsini a Cerveteri
Maria Beltramini, Giorgio Vasari e l’‘Ornamento dell’Altare’. L’architettura degli oggetti per la decorazione e il culto: il caso di Arezzo

Fascicolo 2016, II («Il corpo malato»)

Copertina, frontespizio, indice
Carmelo Occhipinti, Editoriale
Rossana Buono e Simonetta Baroni, Introduzione
Marcella Pisani, Malati Divini, Mortali e Immaginari. Percezione e raffi- gurazione del corpo malato in Grecia e a Roma tra il VI e il II sec. a.C.
Chiara Laquintana, Poetica barocca di un corpo malato. L’iconografia dalla Gerusalemme liberata del Tancredi ferito
Lara Sambucci, Il dolore negato. Il Parenthyrsus negli scritti di Johann Joachim Winckelmann
 Maria Beltramini, I corpi malati di Filarete
 Emanuela Marino, Sulla salubrità delle Acque Albule e del fiume Aniene
 Fabio Petrelli, La donna nelle pratiche rituali dell’Italia meridionale. Un’analisi attraverso l’iconografia, la fotografia e la filmografia di interesse antropologico
 Thurid Vold, Il corpo malato. Dai batteri ai virus. La malattia come viene esposta nell’arte di Munch e Malgaard
 Thurid Vold, The Sick Body. From Bacteria to viruses. How Munch and Melgaard express disease in their art
Kamilla Freyr, Art and Illness, The question of depression and melancholy in the art of Liza May Post
Ida Bergli Wold, Ida Mari Kristiansen, Diseas related to Body and Soul. The social stigma of mental illness in the art of Vanessa Baird
Stefano Gallo, La pittura metafisica di De Chirico e il corpo malato
Alessandra Magostini, Il corpo che trema: quando la terra si ribella all’uomo
Rossana Buono, Il suono del sangue parla la stessa lingua
Giuseppe Patella, Tra Abiezione e disgusto. Il corpo ferito dell’arte contemporanea
Carlotta Sylos Calò, Personificare la malattia: I tumori di Alina Szapocznikow
Simonetta Baroni, L’arte come cura: Sculture, Performance, fotografie, video di Hanna Wilke
Stefano Pierguidi, La ‘Madonna dei Palafrenieri’ di Caravaggio nel contesto della collezione Borghese
Alberto Manodori Sagredo, Problematiche dell’immagine fotografica della scultura greco-romana stante nella seconda metà dell’Ottocento in Italia
Carmelo Occhipinti, Raffaello, Correggio, Caravaggio. Bilancio di una mostra sperimentale

Fascicolo 2015, I, 1

C. Occhipinti, Editoriale – 1 – 2015
I. Sforza, Introduzione – 1 – 2015
S. Capocasa – 1 – 2015
G. Rocco – 1 – 2015
R. Sassu – 1 – 2015
I. Sforza – 1 – 2015
E. Castillo Ramirez – 1 – 2015
C. Bordino – 1 – 2015
A. Painesi – 1 – 2015
Abstracts – 1 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, I, 2

Frontespizio e indice – 2 – 2015
K. Weiger – 2 – 2015
U. Hoffmann – 2 – 2015
M. Gilly Argoud – 2 – 2015
E. Filippi – 2 – 2015
F. Corsi – 2 – 2015
D. Gavrilovich – 2 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, II, 1

Frontespizio e indice – 3 – 2015
B. de Klerck – 3 – 2015
D. Caracciolo – 3 – 2015
C. Acucella, – 3 – 2015
M. do Carmo Mendes – 3 – 2015
N. Niedermeier – 3 – 2015
A. Robin – 3 – 2015
P. Sanvito – 3 – 2015
T. Griffero – 3 – 2015
V.E. Genovese – 3 – 2015

Fascicolo 2015, II, 2

Frontespizio e indice – 4 – 2015
A. de Luca – 4 – 2015
A. Manodori Sagredo – 4 – 2015
F. Kulberg Taub – 4 – 2015
A. de Palma – 4 – 2015
P. Conte – 4 – 2015

Fascicolo 2014, I

Frontespizio e indice – 1 – 2014
F. Grisolia, Presentazione – 1 – 2014
M. Marongiu – 1 – 2014
A. Ulisse – 1 – 2014
M.S. Bolzoni – 1 – 2014
A. Albl – 1 – 2014
K. D’Alburquerque – 1 – 2014
L. Pezzuto – 1 – 2014
U. Fischer Pace, S. Prosperi V – 1 – 2014
G. Zolle Betegon – 1 – 2014
P. Diez Del Corral Corredoira – 1 – 2014
S. Ventra – 1 – 2014
G. Zavatta – 1 – 2014
F. Grisolia – 1 – 2014
Abstract (2014,1) – 1 – 2014

Fascicolo 2014, II

F. Grisolia, “Presentazione” – 2 – 2014
F. Rinaldi – 2 – 2014
F. Armando – 2 – 2014
C. Garofalo – 2 – 2014
V. Farina – 2 – 2014
D. Beccarini – 2 – 2014
I. Rossi – 2 – 2014
L. Berretti – 2 – 2014
C. Sylos Calò – 2 – 2014
Abstracts (2014, 2) – 2 – 2014
Si vedano i fascicoli precedenti (2011-2013) nel vecchio sito internet di Horti Hesperidum, prima che saranno riversati nel nuovo.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Cineca organizza la 14° Scuola Avanzata di Computer Graphics per i Beni Culturali


Il Cineca organizza la Scuola Avanzata di Computer Graphics per i Beni Culturali, che si terrà a Bologna (Casalecchio di Reno) dall'8 al 12 ottobre 2018. Quest'anno il tema è "Ecosistemi digitali e ambienti virtuali interattivi per il Cultural Heritage". Nel corso delle lezioni, che avranno un approccio hands-on e transmediale, saranno presentate le più innovative tecnologie in ambito "digital heritage": modellazione 3D e animazione in Blender, modellazione 3D fotogrammetrica, web 3D interattivo, cenni di integrazione con i servizi HPC.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Marginalia: A Review of Books in History, Theology and Religion

 [First posted in AWOL 23 January 2013, updated 16 July 2018]

Marginalia: A Review of Books in History, Theology and Religion
ISSN: 2325-8357
Knowledge is the economy of the future, the key to innovation, and a step on the path towards a more civil and humane society. Marginalia provides universal access to thinkers and artists and creates new knowledge through connecting the separated silos of the university, arts, and culture into a single space of insight and learning, curated by expert editors guided by our vision of democratizing depth in an age drowning in the shallows.
Deep learning for the digital age captures the meaning of marginalia in modern times: the personalized and actionable knowledge inscribed in the margins of a book’s page – not just commentary but new insight that the individual could use to act in the world. But the margins are now digital, and the insights are for everyone.
We publish every other Friday, with some special features appearing at other times.
Marginalia is a Los Angeles Review of Books Channel. LARB Channels are a community of wholly independent, vanguard online magazines specializing in literary criticism, politics, science, the arts and culture, supported by the Los Angeles Review of Books.

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Digitised Manuscripts hyperlinks July 2018

Hot on the heels of our recent announcement that the British Library's Anglo-Saxon charters are now online, we are pleased to provide you with another phenomenally fantastic list of digitised manuscripts hyperlinks. As usual, we are making this list available to download in two formats: as a PDF and as...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Punk Archaeology, Slow Archaeology, and the Archaeology of Care

Over the last three months I’ve been fretting and toiling about a paper that I’m writing for European Archaeological Association meeting in September that is due to pre-circulate on August 1. I promised myself to have a completed draft done by July 15, not so much to fulfill some vague Germanic need to have things done on time, but because I was struggling to wrangle my ideas into something that made sense.

So here’s my a draft of my overly long introduction to the paper. Feedback is, as always, welcome:

My paper today is yet another effort to come to terms with my anxiety about the emergence of a transhuman, digital archaeology. To be clear from the start, I consider myself a bit of a digital archaeology and a digital native. I can’t remember, for example, living in a house without a computer and my role on archaeological projects has always involved data management and GIS. Over the last few years, I’ve also started an open access press, The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, that privileges digital downloads over print and has featured a number of open access books that critically examine digital practices in archaeology.

My interest today is a speculative and theoretical and instead of focusing on the immediate context of field practices, I’d like to think about technology in archaeology in a more historical and expansive way. This will, of course, make many of my generalizations easy enough to dismiss with examples for actual field practices or implementation. These to me are reasons for optimism and perhaps reflect the advanced state of critical engagement with the way that digital tools are shaping the discipline. At the same time, I do think that long trajectory of digital practices in archaeology (and in our transhuman culture) remains unclear as folks like Jeremey Huggett have recognized (Huggett, Reilly, Lock 2018).

My small part in this conversation, which I shamelessly plug in the title of this paper, involved publishing a collection of reflections on ”punk archaeology” (Caraher et al. 2014) and, more recently, a couple of short articles that use the popular ”slow movement“ as an imperfect, but nevertheless accessible and useful lens for critically engaging digital archaeology (Caraher 2015, 2016) . Punk archaeology offered a view of archaeology grounded in radical and performative inclusivity, and slow archaeology considered the implications of a particular strand of scholarship that celebrated the increases in efficiency, accuracy, and precision associated with digital field practices. While both efforts have received substantive and thoughtful critiques that have demonstrated the limits to these analogies (archaeology is LIKE punk or LIKE the slow movement; see Richardson 2016; Graham 2017), I still hope that they offer some useful perspectives on the relationship between how archaeology produces the past in the present and how this shapes the organization of our discipline. It is the intersection of epistemological (and ontological) concerns and professional and disciplinary concerns that has heightened my sense of anxiety concerning archaeology’s digital future.

Some of this anxiety almost certainly comes from my growing interest in the works Ivan Illich and Jacques Ellul, mid-century Christian anarchists, who wrote critically on the rise of modern institutions and technology. Without over simplifying and eliding their different perspectives, both men saw the shift toward modern practices as profoundly disruptive to traditional values and a sense of community.

Ellul’s is perhaps the more problematic for considering archaeological practice. He suggests that the rise of rationality and technology, which he summarizes in the term “technique” after 1750 severed the careful attention of the individual from work itself (Ellul 1964). In its place emerged ”technique” which had its own abstract logic that was closely tied to the need for efficiency. Thus, in Ellul’s writing, emergence of technique in the place of individual care marked the decline in human autonomy as individual choices in how to work gave way to the inescapably logic of efficiency as the organizing principle structuring all human relations and relationships between humans and their tools. As Jennifer Alexander noted in her historical study of efficiency, “efficiency remains an iconic mantra in the high-tech industries,” and I’d argue efficiency remains a key consideration for how archaeology is organized and uses tools (Alexander 2008). In fact, a recent conference and publication dedicated to digital tools in field work, Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future, was laced with the discussions of efficiency and terms like workflow. Among the most widely cited and read articles from Journal of Field Archaeology is Christopher Roosevelt’s (and team) thorough presentation of the digital workflow from their project in southwest Turkey.

Ivan Illich shared many of Ellul’s concerns and proposed that modernity, technology, and the state disrupted the conviviality that existed in the premodern world and among premodern societies (Illich 1975). For Illich, conviviality represented the opposite of modern productivity (with its interest in speed and efficiency) and emphasized the free, unstructured, and creative interaction between individuals and between individuals and their environment. For Illich, like Ellul, the use of technology does not result in a society more free, but one that is increasingly bereft of the conditions that allow for creativity as the need for efficiency and speed create a kind of dominant logic in practice. (One can see in this tension, for example, the curiosity driven and open-ended nature of basic science in contrast to the narrower more practically focused work of applied science (Pickering 1995).)

Archaeology, of course, has always been a hybrid discipline with certain aspects of practice grounded in the world of craft and others in the world of industrial (and increasingly post-industrial) practice. Michael Shanks and others have shown that archaeology, “has never been modern” or at least entirely modern as it integrates industrial and pre-industrial practices (Shanks and Maguire 1995; Shanks 2012). Recent efforts to champion the use of digital tools within archaeology have tended, however, at least on the practical level, to celebrate their ability to improve the aspects of archaeological work that tend not to align with industrial paradigms such interpretative description, scientific illustration, and the careful study of excavated artifacts. This suggests to me that the quest to improve efficiency in archaeological practice extends equally to modern and pre-modern practices in the discipline.

Illich’s and Ellul’s critiques of technology fit only awkwardly with much recent scholarship, of course. Efficiency itself has become increasingly regarded as a problematic term deeply embedded in practice and the coincidence of human and material agency (e.g. Shove 2017). Bruno Latour and others have demonstrated that any effort to unpack the complexity of energy in any system — social, mechanical, environmental, et c. — requires abstract acts of purification that define and separate energy and effects from their complex network of entangled relationships and practices (Latour 1993; Shove 2017, 7-8). This work, on the one hand, echos recent studies of both ancient and modern technology that have challenged tradition views of agency and argued that objects and individuals co-create the world. This greater attention to the interaction between individuals and objects has provided a compelling theoretical framework for understanding the interplay of technology, tools, objects, and agency in the construction of archaeological knowledge.

On the other hand, this work has only just begun, I suspect, to inform the thriving conversation on the impact of digital tools on the organization of archaeological practice (although see Pickering 1995; Taylor et al. 2018), the nature of archaeological skills and expertise, and issues of archaeological preservation and publication (Huggett 2017). In fact, changing views of agency in the world have created new views of ethics in archaeological practice as well as in the social organization of discipline (e.g. Dawdy 2016). Perhaps this entangled view of the world gives the work of Illich and Ellul new relevance for archaeologist concerned with the social issue of disciplinary practice across the field.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Il grande restauro. l'"Ultima Cena" di Giulio Cesare Procaccini


Nel mese di novembre dell'anno scorso l'Ultima cena, la grande tela di Giulio Cesare Procaccini, dopo 3 anni di restauro e 2 tesi di laurea dedicate al suo recupero, ha lasciato il laboratorio di tele e tavole del Centro e, in seguito alla presentazione nella mostra "L'Ultimo Caravaggio. Eredi e nuovi maestri" (Gallerie d'Italia, Milano), è tornata nel suo luogo di origine, la Basilica della Santissima Annunziata del Vastato di Genova.

July 15, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Foundation for Archaeological Research of the Land of Israel: Ancient Pottery Database

 [First posted in AWOL 28 November 2013, updated 14 July 2018]

 Foundation for Archaeological Research of the Land of Israel: Ancient Pottery Database
FARLI, The Foundation for Archaeological Research in the Land of Israel (RA), was founded on November 10th, 2009, as a non-profit organization aiming to advance and promote  archaeological research in Israel, support archaeological projects, help preserve and develop archaeological and heritage sites, develop and promote new technological tools in the service of archaeology, and support research concerning the archaeology and history of the southern Levant.

In this spirit FARLI founded this site, aiming to become a valuable tool for archaeologists, archaeology students and archaeology enthusiasts world wide. Here you will find a growing database of ancient pottery assemblages, divided into the regions and periods in which they were found, subdivided into type categories including all the valuable information we can provide such as; a list of archaeological sites in which they were found, special features, measurements and a bibliographical reference.

The main focus of this site will be on the pottery of the Southern Levant, with special emphasis on the pottery of the Holy Land throughout the periods. However we aim to develop this site to include other geographical regions in the Ancient Near East complete with their own unique chronology.

If you wish to help us with additional data please send the material to: data@farli.org

FARLI is a non-profit organization and needs your support to continue operating. If you wish to contribute to us please follow this link or the link appearing on the left. We thank you and hope you will find this site both enjoyable and enriching.

Open Access Journal: Journal des Savants

 [First posted in AWOL 23 February 2011. Updated 15 July 2018]

Journal des Savants
eISSN: 1775-383X
482 Issues
5104 documents
Fondé en 1665, le Journal des Savants est le plus ancien journal littéraire d’Europe. À la charge de l’Académie des Inscriptions et des Belles Lettres depuis 1909, le Journal des Savants accueille des articles originaux marquant des avancées significatives dans les disciplines relevant de sa compétence, tant en raison de leurs résultats que pour l’aspect nouveau de leur méthode.

Available periods  :













Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum

Herzlich Willkommen

am CSEL (Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum),
einer Arbeitsstelle der Universität Salzburg (FB Altertumswissenschaften)
zur Edition und Erforschung lateinischer patristischer Texte.

July 14, 2018

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

It's coming home

There are just a few hours to go before one of the greatest tournaments in the world reaches its glorious, nail-biting outcome. We have witnessed Gallic flair, English optimism and German hubris. And now, everyone, the wait is over. Yes, today is the final of the #ManuscriptWorldCup. Just for fun,...

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

A few months of interesting links

For some months I’ve been collecting bits and pieces.  Mostly I have nothing much to add, but they shouldn’t be lost.

Cool 9th century manuscript online as PDF

Via Rick Brannan I learn that a downloadable PDF of the Greek-Latin St Gall 9th century manuscript of Paul’s letters is online and can be downloaded as a single PDF:

Note the link on this page where you can download a PDF of what appears to be the entire Codex Boernerianus. It is beautiful.

And so you can.  It’s at the SLUB in Dresden here, where it has the shelfmark A.145.b.  It also contains Sedulius Scottus, I gather.

Nice to see the interlinear, isn’t it?

Codex Trecensis of Tertullian online

A correspondent advised me that the Codex Trecensis of the works of Tertullian has appeared online in scanned microfilm form at the IRHT.  Rubbish quality, but far better than nothing.  The ms is here.  De Resurrectione Carnis begins on 157r and ends on 194r.  De Baptismo begins on folio 194r and ends on 200v.  De Paenitentia begins on folio 200v.

Saints lives = Christian novels?

A review at BMCR by Elisabeth Schiffer of Stratis Papaioannou, Christian Novels from the ‘Menologion’ of Symeon Metaphrastes. Dumbarton Oaks medieval library, 45. Harvard University Press, 2017, caught my eye.   This contains 6 lives from Metaphrastes collection.

Even though hagiographical texts are among the most frequently translated Byzantine sources, little effort has been made so far to translate parts of Symeon Metaphrastes’ Menologion. This is primarily due to the generally unfortunate editorial situation of these texts: They are transmitted relatively standardized, but in a vast number of liturgical manuscripts.

In addition to summarizing the status of research on Symeon’s rewriting enterprise, Papaioannou explains in his introduction why he calls the texts in focus “Christian novels.” It is not unproblematic to apply this modern term, as he himself states, but he decided to do so because of the fictionality of these narratives and because of their resemblances to the late antique Greek novel. When saying this, it is important to emphasize—as Papaioannou explicitly does—that these texts of novelistic character were not understood as such by their audience. On the contrary, the Byzantines regarded these texts as relating true stories, written for edification and liturgical purposes (see pp. xiv-xviii).

It’s an interesting review of a neglected area of scholarship where the tools for research – editions and translations – are not available.

Full-text of the Greek Sibylline Oracles online for free

Annette Y Reed broke the story on Twitter: it’s J. Geffcken, Die Oracula Sibyllina, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1902, which has turned up at Archive.org here.   A useful transcription, rather than the original book, is also online here.

All known mss in the Bodleian library – detailed in online catalogue

Ben Albritton on Twitter shares:

This is awesome – “This catalogue provides descriptions of all known Western medieval manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, and of medieval manuscripts in selected Oxford colleges (currently Christ Church).” Sharing ICYMI too.

It also has direct links to the for Greek mss!

Where did the Byzantine text of the New Testament come from?

Peter Gurry at the ETC blog asks the question, and suggests that Westcott and Hort are no longer the authorities to consult.

How to respond to politically motivated persecution

Since the election of President Trump I have noted on Twitter a new form of anti-Christian posting.  There has been an endless stream of anti-Christian jeering online, demanding “how dare you support Trump”?  It is surreal to see how people who hate Christians suddenly have become expert theologians on what Jesus would do.  Thankfully a certain Kurt Schlichter writes *Sigh* No, Being A Christian Does Not Require You Meekly Submit To Leftist Tyranny:

Everyone seems to want to tell Christians that they are obligated to give in. There’s always some IPA-loving hipster who writes video game reviews when he’s not sobbing alone in the dark because no one loves him tweeting “Oh, that’s real Christian!” whenever a conservative fights back. I know that when I need theological clarification, I seek out the militant atheist who thinks Christ was a socialist and believes that the Golden Rule is that Christians are never allowed to never offend anyone.

It’s a good article, and sadly necessary in these horribly politicised times.  It’s worth remembering that, were times different, rightists would most certainly adopt the same lofty lecturing tone.

A quote for pastors from St Augustine

Timothy P. Jones posted on twitter:

“If I fail to show concern for the sheep that strays, the sheep who are strong will think it’s nothing but a joke to stray and to become lost. I do desire outward gains–but I’m more concerned with inward losses” (Augustine of Hippo).

Queried as to the source, he wrote:

It’s from Sermon 46 by Augustine–the entire message is an outstanding exposition of what it means to be a shepherd of God’s people…. I translated the above from thisHere’s a good English translation as well.

Artificial Intelligence in the Vatican Archives

I knew it.  It’s alive!!!

Well, not quite.  This is a piece in the Atlantic, Artificial Intelligence Is Cracking Open the Vatican’s Secret Archives: A new project untangles the handwritten texts in one of the world’s largest historical collections:

That said, the VSA [Vatican Secret Archives] isn’t much use to modern scholars, because it’s so inaccessible. Of those 53 miles, just a few millimeters’ worth of pages have been scanned and made available online. Even fewer pages have been transcribed into computer text and made searchable. If you want to peruse anything else, you have to apply for special access, schlep all the way to Rome, and go through every page by hand.

But a new project could change all that. Known as In Codice Ratio, it uses a combination of artificial intelligence and optical-character-recognition (OCR) software to scour these neglected texts and make their transcripts available for the very first time.

They’ve found a way around the limitations of OCR by using stroke recognition instead of letter recognition.  They open-sourced the manpower by getting students (who didn’t know Latin) to input sample data, and started getting results.

All early days, but … just imagine if we could really read the contents of our archives!

Kazakhstan abandons Cyrillic for Latin-based alphabet

Via SlashDot I read:

The Central Asian nation of Kazakhstan is changing its alphabet from Cyrillic script to the Latin-based style favored by the West. The change, announced on a blustery Tuesday morning in mid-February, was small but significant — and it elicited a big response. The government signed off on a new alphabet, based on a Latin script instead of Kazakhstan’s current use of Cyrillic, in October. But it has faced vocal criticism from the population — a rare occurrence in this nominally democratic country ruled by Nazarbayev’s iron fist for almost three decades. In this first version of the new alphabet, apostrophes were used to depict sounds specific to the Kazakh tongue, prompting critics to call it “ugly.” The second variation, which Kaipiyev liked better, makes use of acute accents above the extra letters. So, for example, the Republic of Kazakhstan, which would in the first version have been Qazaqstan Respy’bli’kasy, is now Qazaqstan Respyblikasy, removing the apostrophes.

The article at SlashDot instinctively opposed a change, which can only benefit every single Kazakhstani, by making a world of literature accessible.  Ataturk did the same, and for the same reason.

Tell Google that a book is in the public domain

Sometimes Google misclassifies books.  But there is a way to tell it that actually the book is public domain.  The Google link is here.  From It’s surprisingly easy to make government records public on Google Books:

While working on a recent story about hate speech spread by telephone in the ’60s and ’70s, I came across an interesting book that had been digitized by Google Books. Unfortunately, while it was a transcript of a Congressional hearing, and therefore should be in the public domain and not subject to copyright, it wasn’t fully accessible through Google’s archive….

But, as it turns out, Google provides a form where anyone can ask that a book scanned as part of Google Books be reviewed to determine if it’s in the public domain. And, despite internet companies sometimes earning a mediocre-at-best reputation for responding to user inquiries about free services, I’m happy to report that Google let me know within a week after filling out the form that the book would now be available for reading and download.

What does it mean to speak of an authorial/original/initial form of a Scriptural writing when faced with tremendous complexity in the actual data itself?

Back at ETC blog, Peter Gurry discusses this with Greg Lanier here.

Some of the difficulty, one senses, is because the interaction of the divine with an imperfect world is always inherently beyond our ability to understand.  It requires revelation, which is not supplied in this case.

And with that, I think I’ve dealt with a bunch of interesting stories which didn’t deserve a separate post.  Onward!

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ePSD2 Public Beta 1: The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary

The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary
Welcome to the new version of the electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary, ePSD2. Here we provide listings of over 12,000 Sumerian words, phrases and names, occurring in almost 100,000 distinct forms a total of over 2.27 million times in the corpus of texts indexed for the Dictionary. The corpus covers, directly or indirectly, about 100,000 of the 134,000+ known Sumerian texts.
ePSD2 is organized as a glossary with a collection of subprojects providing the corpora. You can browse the subprojects and their individual glossaries, or you can work with the entire ePSD2 glossary and corpus by using the top-level ePSD2 project.
ePSD2 is a work in progress--see the What's Next? page for further details.
Here's a list of the things you can find here:

Glossaries and Tools


Open Access Journal: CADMO - Revista de História Antiga do Centro de História da Universidade de Lisboa

CADMO - Revista de História Antiga do Centro de História da Universidade de Lisboa
ISSN: 0871-9527
eISSN: 2183-7937
Iniciou no ano de 1991, com a publicação do seu primeiro número, a demanda de CADMO, sob esta forma de revista. Tal como para o herói lendário de Tiro que lhe deu nome, o Oriente era o seu ponto de partida e assumia-se como seu objecto científico específico, o mesmo Oriente que o nome fenício de Cadmo significava e que com esse nome era assumido e se proclamava como objecto de investigação científica e motivação historiográfica.

Ao longo de um quarto de século que já leva percorrido, numerosos orientalistas nacionais e estrangeiros expuseram, nas suas páginas, investigações e leituras, tanto em português como noutras línguas. É o signo de Babel reassumido, mas, desta vez, restaurado, com uma clara intenção de convergência, para uma construção eficaz.

As várias e antigas áreas do orientalismo pré-clássico, Egipto, Mesopotâmia, Pérsia, Síria, Palestina, Anatólia, bem como as vicissitudes de uma longa história humana que nos liga àuqelas paragens do Mediterrâneo oriental, todas foram objecto de tratamento, em análise pormenorizada ou em comentários de síntese mais aprofundada.

A partir do seu número 16, entretanto, novos sonhos, novos interesses e novas apetências vieram proporcionar aos investigadores de História Antiga do Centro de História da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa a oportunidade de, à sombra do nome de Cadmo, não se sublinhar apenas o ponto de partida oriental com o seu estatuto de proto-civilização. Se a viagem de Cadmo demandava Europa, íntima e irmã, impunha-se valorizar igualmente o ponto de chegada e toda a sua riqueza de materiais históricos e culturais. Ao grupo de historiadores do mundo oriental pré-clássico veio juntar-se o dos historiadores do mundo clássico. Juntos reforçam agora grandemente a comitiva de Cadmo, principal grupo dinamizador da sua demanda por Europa.

A este grupo local de dinamização anuíram em associar-se uma pléiade de prestigiados nomes de cientistas, nacionais e estrangeiros, pertencentes às mais variadas universidades irmãs e cúmplices no cultivo das matérias da História da Antiguidade. É com toda a gratidão que acolhemos o entusiasmo acrescido que a sua disponibilidade nos traz.

A experiência e a satisfação já conseguida nestes anos de investigação comum fizeram-nos amadurecer para a consciência de que a associação aprofundada de ambas as matérias na historiografia da Antiguidade, a pré-clássica e a clássica, se justifica plenamente e não só pelo âmbito implicitamente definido nos dois principais momentos do itinerário de Cadmo, a partida e a chegada, representados por estes dois mundos. Hipotéticos incómodos de concorrência ou “inveja dos sábios”, no dizer de um provérbio hebraico, não nos causam inibição, pois nos move a certeza de que cada um destes mundos representa uma fonte primigénia e específica para dimensões patrimoniais complementares, que continuam a integrar e a marcar no essencial os conteúdos do nosso próprio devir histórico.
Most Recent Issue: 26
Table of contents
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
Soteriologia órfica
Bernabé, Alberto
Alexandre, o explorador de um mundo novo
Silva, Maria de Fátima Sousa e
Examining the design, style and layout of the inner coffin from A.60 in the Florence Egyptian Museum
Sousa, Rogério
Who is counting?: appreciating the peer, despising the other.: social relationships in Homeric communities from an alterity study
Alvarez Rodriguez, Barbara
Aquiles e Ájax: a `Poiesis´ da alteridade na Ânfora de Exéquias
Figueira, Ana Rita
Xanthippus of Laecedemonia: a foreign commander in the army of Carthage
Dantas, Daniela
Séneca e as artes liberais
Ferreira, Paulo Sérgio Margarido
Tra ombre e luci, ovvero del regresso e del progresso in Età Neroniana: prolegomena a uno studio interdisciplinare del principato di Nerone, alla luce del contributo filosofico senecano
Montagna, Carlotta
A Bíblia em Portugal
Ramos, José Augusto
[Recensão a] Stephanie Lynn Budin et Jean Macintosh Turfa, eds. (2016), Women in antiquity. Real women across the ancient world
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Maria Regina Cândido, org. (2012), Mulheres na Antiguidade
Fernandes, Maria
[Recensão a] Adrienne Mayor (2014), The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
Magalhães, José Malheiro
[Recensão a] Marília P. Futre Pinheiro, Anton Bierl, Roger Beck, eds. (2013), Intende, Lector – Echoes of Myth, Religion and Ritual in the Ancient Novel
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Laura Battini, ed. (2016), Making Pictures of War. Realia et Imaginaria in the Iconology of the Ancient Near east. (Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology 1)
Ferreira, Eduardo
[Recensão a] Martin Hose and David Schenker eds. (2016), A Companion to Greek Literature
González González, Marta
[Recensão a] Jan N. Bremmer (2014), Initiation into the Mysteries of the Ancient World
Alampi, Marco
[Recensão a] Jorge Deserto & Susana da Hora Marques Pereira, introdução, tradução e notas (2016), Estrabão. Geografia livro III
Santos, Nídia Catorze
[Recensão a] Lauren Caldwell (2015), Roman Girlhood and the Fashioning of Femininity
Pinheiro, Cristina Santos
[Recensão a] Loïc Borgies (2016), Le conflit propagandiste entre Octavien et Marc Antoine. De l’usage politique de la uituperatio entre 44 et 30 a. C. n.
Valério, João Paulo Simões
[Recensão a] Anna Anguissola (2010), Intimità a Pompei. Riservatezza, condivisione e prestigio negli ambienti ad alcove di Pompei
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Jaime Alvar (2012), Los Cultos Egipcios en Hispania
Santos, Nídia Catorze
[Recensão a] Matthias Becker (2016), Porphyrios, Contra Christianos. Neue Sammlung der Fragmente, Testimonien und Dubia mit Einleitung. Übersetzung und Anmerkungen (Texte und Kommentare 52)
Ramos, José Augusto
[Recensão a] Adele Reinhartz (2013), Bible and Cinema – An Introduction
Cardoso, Filipe Paiva
[Recensão a] Monica S. Cyrino & Meredith E. Safran, Eds. (2015), Classical Myth on Screen
Diogo, Sílvia Catarina Pereira
[Recensão a] Barbara Ryan & Milette Shamir, eds. (2016), Bigger than Ben-Hur. The Book, Its Adaptations, & Their Audiences
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
António Augusto Tavares: in memoriam
Sales, José das Candeias
Francolino Gonçalves: in memoriam
Ramos, José Augusto
Manuel Augusto Rodrigues: in memoriam
Ramos, José Augusto
Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira: paradigma de cidadã e mestre que se impõe e permanece: in memoriam
Ferreira, José Ribeiro
Walter Burkert: in memoriam
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
See AWOL's List of



Open Access Journal: ‘Atiqot

 [First posted 10/31/10, most recently updated 13 July 2018]

[Open Access after registration]
'Atiqot is the refereed journal of the Israel Antiquities Authority. It is published four times a year. The contents of the printed version is uploaded to the e-journal website. No changes are made to articles post-publication. The printed journal is available via the IAA website.

For details on how to submit, see our Guide to Contributors.

Range of Topics. ‘Atiqot covers a large chronological span, from prehistory up to the Ottoman period. Excavations are studied from various aspects and disciplines—often the result of the close interaction between researchers of the IAA and outside specialists. Thus, a report should include, in addition to the stratigraphic analysis, comprehensive treatments of the archaeological data, including studies of the various groups of finds, such as ceramics, glass, stone and metal objects, coins, jewelry, textiles, etc., as well as the geological, botanical, faunal and anthropological evidence. Laboratory analyses, such as petrography, radiocarbon dating and metallurgy, should be included where relevant.

The archaeological data published in ‘Atiqot are not confined to a specific range of periods or topics, but to a geographical area—the Land of Israel—which has been influenced by almost every ancient culture that existed in the Levant. The journal thus presents comprehensive research on the region and its connections with the neighboring countries. The publication is devoted to final reports and shorter articles, although occasionally a volume is dedicated to a particular topic (e.g., burial caves, agricultural installations), period (e.g., prehistoric, Islamic) or site (e.g., Acre, Jerusalem).

Excavation Reports. The papers published in ‘Atiqot are primarily the result of salvage excavations conducted by the IAA. Their results are sometimes unexpectedly important, filling in gaps that could not be understood by localized studies of the larger tells. ‘Atiqot is one of the few vehicles for imparting this important data and therefore a primary asset to any scholar in archaeology.

Bilingual Journal. The journal is bilingual, publishing articles in English or Hebrew; all Hebrew reports are accompanied by English summaries keyed to illustrations in the main text.
Current Issue:
‘Atiqot 91 (2018) ISBN 978-965-406-686-0
  • The Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North): New Evidence of Burial Patterns from the Central Coastal Plain (pp. 1–94)
    Amir Gorzalczany
    Keywords: chalcolithic, burial customs, flint tools, ossuaries, physical anthropology, cornets, petrography, ritual
    • The Human Remains from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 95–96)
      Yossi Nagar
      Keywords: chalcolithic, physical anthropology, burial
    • The Chipped-Stone Collection from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 97–101)
      Ofer Marder
      Keywords: chalcolithic, flint, tools, technology
    • The Shells from the Chalcolithic Cemetery at Palmahim (North) (pp. 103–104)
      Inbar Ktalav
      Keywords: chalcolithic, mollusks, burial, funerary offerings, symbolism
  • Khirbat Abu Hamid (Shoham North): An Early Bronze Age IB Village on the Eve of Urbanization in the Lod Valley (with contributions by Ofer Marder, Moshe Sade) (pp. 105–157)
    Yitzhak Paz, Orit Segal and Yonatan Nadelman
    Keywords: Chalcolithic period, Early Bronze Age, settlement patterns, Proto-Metallic Ware, Egypt, flint tools, fauna, archaeozoology, stone artifacts, loomweight
  • A Byzantine Settlement on the Northernmost Kurkar Ridge of Ashqelon, Barne‘a B–C Neighborhood (pp. 159–192)
    Ianir Milevski, Gabriela Bijovsky, Debora Sandhaus, Alexander Krokhmalnik and Yael Gorin-Rosen
    Keywords: terracotta figurine, metal objects, marble panel fragments, stone tools, imported Pottery, numismatics, Human remains, cemetery, burial, economy
  • A Crusader-Period Subterranean Water Reservoir at Moẓa: Results of the Salvage Excavation and Cleaning Procedure (with a contribution by Robert Kool) (Hebrew, pp. 1*–11*; English summary, pp. 165–166)
    Sivan Mizrahi and Zvi Greenhut
    Keywords: history, water installation, pottery, technology, construction, masons' mark
    • Ayyubid and Mamluk Pottery from a Crusader-period Subterranean Reservoir at Moza (pp. 193–204)
      Benjamin J. Dolinka
      Keywords: medieval pottery, typology, chronology, Black Gaza Ware, ibriq, Blue Willow porcelain
Past Issues

    July 13, 2018

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    From my diary

    This week I have been away for a few days, staying in the Hilton hotel in the lovely English city of York.  The hotel was very central, so I could walk everywhere and did.  Every street was unique, and all had some tea-shops, so walking was hardly arduous.  It seems like I have been away forever, which is always a good sign.

    Inevitably I did the usual tourist thing.  York Minster charges £11 per head for admission, a procedure which seemed slightly shocking.

    I did attend Evensong as well, for which no charge was made.  The choir singing was perfect, of course, and it was nice to hear excellent cathedral music.  The psalms were sung, which I have not heard for years.

    I read through the psalms recently, but I had forgotten that the translations of the psalms in the Book of Common Prayer are not those of the Authorised Version.  I was therefore taken with the two passages in psalm 59 where the wicked are said to “grin like a dog”!  Sadly “grin” is merely the archaic version of “groan”, i.e. “howl”, as in the AV and subsequent versions.

    I also visited the Yorkshire Museum.  A length of Roman wall and tower stand in the grounds, but my interest was mainly in the Roman materials inside.  The collection was very well lit and this item caught my eye:

    I always photo the museum label:

    Claudius Hieronymianus, the legate of the Sixth Legion, paid for the construction of a temple to Serapis.

    But of course my main interest was in two Mithraic monuments.  Both were much smaller than I had realised; a tauroctony, and a statue with the name of Arimanius on it.  This petite visitor helps us to realise the small scale of the items:

    I also visited the magnificent medieval gate at Michelgate Bar:

    Sadly I was unable to ascend the two flights of steps and get onto the wall, so I took refuge in this bar adjacent to it.

    It was a good break.  I have now responded to all the week’s emails.  For the last few weeks I have been collecting a supply of ideas for blog posts.  I shall have to start digging into them!

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Oriental Institute News & Notes

     [First posted in AWOL 23 April 2010. Most recently updated 13 July 2018]

    Oriental Institute News & Notes
    News & Notes is a Quarterly Publication of The Oriental Institute, printed for members as one of the privileges of membership.
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    1988Winter (#112)Spring (#113)Summer (#114)Fall (#115)
    Fall (#116)
    1987Winter (#107)Spring (#108)Summer (#109)Fall (#110)
    Fall (#111)
    1986Winter (#102)Spring (#103)Summer (#104)Fall (#105)
    Fall (#106)
    1985Winter (#97)Spring (#98)Summer (#99)Fall (#100)
    Fall (#101)
    1984Winter (#92)Spring (#93)Summer (#94)Fall (#95)
    Fall (#96)
    1983Winter (#84)
    Winter (#85)
    Winter (#86)
    Spring (#87)
    Spring (#88)
    Summer (#89)Fall (#90)
    Fall (#91)
    1982Winter (#75)
    Winter (#76)
    Winter (#77)
    Spring (#78)
    Spring (#79)
    Summer (#80)Fall (#81)
    Fall (#82)
    Fall (#83)
    1981Winter (#67)
    Winter (#68)
    Winter (#69)
    Spring (#70)Summer (#71)Fall (#72)
    Fall (#73)
    Fall (#74)
    1980Winter (#58)
    Winter (#59)
    Winter (#60)
    Spring (#61)
    Spring (#62)
    Summer (#63)Fall (#64)
    Fall (#65)
    Fall (#66)
    1979Winter (#49)
    Winter (#50)
    Winter (#51)
    Spring (#52)
    Spring (#53)
    Summer (#54)Fall (#55)
    Fall (#56)
    Fall (#57)
    1978Winter (#39)
    Winter (#40)
    Winter (#41)
    Winter (#42)
    Spring (#43)
    Spring (#44)
    Summer (#45)Fall (#46)
    Fall (#47)
    Fall (#48)
    1977Winter (#33)Spring (#34)Summer (#35)Fall (#36)
    Fall (#37)
    Fall (#38)
    1976Winter (#23)
    Winter (#24)
    Winter (#25)
    Spring (#26)
    Spring (#27)
    Summer (#28)Fall (#29)
    Fall (#30)
    Fall (#31)
    Fall (#32)
    1975Winter (#13)
    Winter (#14)
    Winter (#15)
    Spring (#16)
    Spring (#17)
    Summer (#18)
    Summer (#19)
    Fall (#20)
    Fall (#21)
    Fall (#22)
    1974Winter (#4)
    Winter (#5)
    Winter (#6)
    Spring (#7)
    Spring (#8)
    Summer (#9)Fall (#10)
    Fall (#11)
    Fall (#12)
    1973Fall (#1)
    Fall (#2)
    Fall (#3)
    For years prior to 2002 the  Lead Article(s) from various issues were also being made available electronically with the permission of the editor.










    See also  The Oriental Institute Archaeological Newsletter (1950-1973)

    For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

    Open Access Journal: Die Bibel in der Kunst (BiKu) / Bible in the Arts (BiA)

    Die Bibel in der Kunst (BiKu) / Bible in the Arts (BiA)
    bibelwissenschaft.de - Das wissenschaftliche Bibelportal der Deutschen Bibelgesellschaft
    Die Zeitschrift bietet Aufsätze zur Wirkungsgeschichte der Bibel in Bildender Kunst, Literatur und Musik. Kürzere Beiträge stellen neuere Bücher und aktuelle Projekte vor.
    The journal presents articles on the reception history of the Bible in visual arts, literature and music. Short articles provide reviews of new books and reports on current research.

    Herausgeberkreis / Editors

    Editorial Board

    • Prof. Dr. Kai Bremer, Kiel (Deutsche Literatur)
    • Prof. Dr. Sabine Griese, Leipzig (Deutsche Literatur)
    • Prof. Dr. Gerhard Langer, Wien (Judaistik)
    • Prof. Dr. Klaus Niehr, Osnabrück (Kunstgeschichte)
    • Prof. Dr. Thomas Noll, Göttingen (Kunstgeschichte)
    • Prof. Dr. Thomas Schipperges, Tübingen (Musikwissenschaft)
    Autorinnen und Autoren schreiben Ihre Beiträge bitte in diese Formatvorlage und schicken den Text als WORD-Datei sowie ggf. Abbildungen als jpg-Dateien an ein Mitglied des Herausgeberkreises (Richtlinien). Alle eingehenden Artikel werden einem peer-review-Verfahren unterzogen.
    Authors are kindly asked to use this style sheet when submitting articles and to forward their manuscripts in the form of WORD files, images as separate JPG or PNG to one of the editors (guidelines). Every article received will be subject to a peer review process.

    Jahrgang 2017

    Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet (WiBiLex)

     [First posted in AWOL 8 September 2009. Updated 13 July 2018]

    Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet (WiBiLex)
    WiBiLex ist das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet. Derzeit entsteht auf diesen Seiten als Projekt der Deutschen Bibelgesellschaft ein umfangreiches, kostenlos zugängliches wissenschaftliches Lexikon zur gesamten Bibel. Aktuell sind über 1700 Artikel, vor allem zum Alten Testament, eingestellt. Bei seiner Fertigstellung wird das Lexikon über 3000 Artikel zum Alten und Neuen Testament umfassen.
    WiBiLex unterscheidet sich in zwei wichtigen Punkten von anderen Lexikon-Projekten im Internet:
    • WiBiLex wird von der Deutschen Bibelgesellschaft veröffentlicht. Das Werk ist als Ganzes und in seinen einzelnen Artikeln urheberrechtlich geschützt. Die Rechte an den einzelnen Artikeln liegen bei den Autorinnen und Autoren. Jede Verwertung außerhalb der engen Grenzen des Urheberrechtes ist ohne Genehmigung der jeweiligen Autorin / des jeweiligen Autors unzulässig und strafbar.
    WiBiLex wird herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Michaela Bauks und Prof. Dr. Klaus Koenen (Altes Testament) sowie Prof. Dr. Stefan Alkier (Neues Testament).
    Zusätzlich wirken über zwanzig Fachherausgeber/innen an der editorischen Arbeit mit. Insgesamt haben bereits über 300 Wissenschaftler/innen ihre Mitarbeit als Autorinnen und Autoren zugesagt.

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    A Nestorian Syriac account of the life of Nestorius – translated by Anthony Alcock

    In the late 19th century the Nestorians were still holed up in the mountains of what is today northern Iraq, and preserved a considerable amount of literature in Syriac giving their side of the dispute with Cyril of Alexandria that culminated in the Council of Ephesus in 433.

    Anthony Alcock has kindly translated an abbreviated account of this, from that perspective.  I think most of us find Cyril difficult to like, and tend to be sympathetic to Nestorius.  So these texts are valuable.  Here it is:

    Thank you so much!

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    A Summer Friday Varia and Quick Hits

    I don’t usually do varia and quick hits in the summer, mostly because I prefer to be sitting on my porch with the dogs, going for slow jogs, or puttering around on my push-bike to surfing the web, but I have a little gaggle of posts right now that folks might like to see.

    First, there’s been some really cool stuff going on on the North Dakota Quarterly blog. If you don’t check it out, you should. The same can be said for the occasional posts over at The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, which is gearing up for a busy and exciting fall.

    Otherwise, here are a few quick hits and varia:

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    Cdacb3a1 696f 42f5 96ba 80c1ebb88c5f

    Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

    Postdoc position network science Tarragona

    I can strongly recommend qualifying candidates to apply for the below position. The team you’ll be working with is world-class and the research environment is inspiring. Deadline: 31 August. Postdoc position on Network analysis and modelling for ERC project PALEODEM Application deadline: 31st August JOB DESCRIPTION This postdoc fellowship is part of the project PALEODEM,... Continue Reading →

    July 12, 2018

    The Signal: Digital Preservation

    Inside, Inside Baseball: A Look at the Construction of the Dataset Featuring the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture and the Library of Congress Digital Collections

    This is a guest blog post by visiting scholar archivist Julia Hickey who is on a professional development assignment from the Defense Media Activity to the Library of Congress Labs team. Julia has been helping us prepare for and build out a visualization of collection data for our Inside Baseball event. This post was also edited by Eileen Jakeway and Courtney Johnson, 2018 Jr. Fellows with the Labs team. 

    Julia Hickey

    Julia Hickey

    After weeks of preparations and four days of fast-pitched ideation and creation, this Friday LC Labs will unveil the efforts of “Inside Baseball” – a collaboration between the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, and JSTOR Labs. Joining the Baseball Americana batting lineup, this week of flash-building and design-thinking will debut new visualizations and prototypes to bring baseball-related digital collections to center field!

    In preparation for this event, Julia Hickey, a visiting scholar with the LC Labs team, worked to prepare a data set including not only items from the Library’s collection but also items held by the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC). Given the variations in terms, cataloging methods and subject heading names (to give only a few examples), this task entailed a great deal of effort to map the two sets along the data points they had in common.

    This process was also an important first step in preparing this data for use by team members of JSTOR and LC Labs, who used it as the foundation for the development of tools being showcased at Friday’s event. The following blog post is a chance for Julia to describe this work in more detail, and show our readers how thinking of collections as data might lead to more effective collaboration between cultural heritage institutions, non-profits and museum curators!  


    Standardizing Each Dataset

    The first task in creating a unified dataset pulling items from both NMAAHC and the LC was to design a metadata map, or crosswalk, to serve as a key, or legend, to the final dataset incorporating information from both collections. This document arranges metadata fields from the various schemas, or cataloging systems, to ensure their data values fall under common headings and to show discrepancies in cases when they do not.

    Building this metadata map began with the assessment of all the Library’s baseball-related digital collections, spanning divisions such as photographs, manuscripts and papers, all of which are subject to different cataloging techniques depending on their medium. These practices evolved over time leaving different patterns of information even within one medium and across the overall baseball digital collection items. Understanding the evolution of this data was critical given its standing as the first schema placed into the crosswalk, or metadata map.

    The second schema to be entered into the crosswalk was the data acquired from the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Standardizing this data was also related to cataloging processes, but from a museum perspective. Understanding the precise values and where to find them in the exported data fields was important to in order to plan a consistent approach and final result. Experimenting with filtering helped to learn the data patterns to ensure proper alignment upon the automated mapping. Marginal situations were manually managed and placed into the corresponding united fields.

    crosswalk map image

    Merging Datasets

    Now that each dataset had been standardized and cleaned, the process of merging the two datasets could begin. In order to “match” NMAAHC’s metadata to the LC fields, it was fundamental to further examine and understand the information stored within these fields to ensure accuracy of the crosswalk and final dataset. An idea suggested early in the intellectual construction of the crosswalk was to include an additional metadata schema called Dublin Core as another point of reference within the metadata map. Dublin Core is a simplified system designed to allow fluid translation to nearly every metadata schema with the emphasis on common field names. By its very design, incorporating Dublin Core immediately offered unification of the two institutions’ metadata because Dublin Core’s simplistic and relatable methodology boils complexity into user-friendly field names. For example, field “260$c” from Marc, used by the Library, is “Date” in Dublin Core while “Author, Artist, Inventor or Publisher” is easily mapped to “Creator” to capture all types of artistic or scientific origin. The use of “Creator/Publisher” became one of our common field names for the final dataset. Adding “Publisher” to the field name was essential as a majority of collection items are printed publications such as baseball cards, books and papers.

    With the help of Dublin Core, the crosswalk was approved by both institutions. The work to format the merged dataset using common terms could now begin; the familiarization with each institutions’ data paid off in impactful ways, leading to easier metadata decisions that normalized the data. For instance, both institutions had date fields but the formats varied according to how much information was available about a particular collection item. Some dates within LC’ s collection were MM/DD/YYYY while others had only a “circa” date or a date range. The museum’s format was more consistent but there was still no common format once the data was combined. Adding a field titled “Era” offered a uniformity across and within each institution’s now combined collection items. As such, the work to normalize and standardize this data field was as simple as writing an Excel formula to convert the year found in the date field into the decade it belongs and to place this value into a distinct field, or excel column, titled “Era.”

    In the final dataset, common values were decided upon to unite the two collections within this one field . For example, the Library has used the value “notated music” to describe the original format for what would be more commonly known as sheet music. Notated music is the proper classification of sheet music within the library catalog but not commonly recognized outside that context. Uniting the collections into a common field titled Object Type was more complicated than an automated Excel formula. Given the precision involved and the possibility of consulting more than the values in the combined object type lists, individually going through each collection item and assigning them one of the values from the picklist standard gave the best assurance of consistent success without wasting time developing a formula or script to make the conversion in bulk.

    Another value that caused complications] when merging the two datasets was the “Subjects” fields used by both institutions to record the topics or subject matter presented within the collection item. The discussion about creating a uniform subject list was determined too intensive given the deadline for the flash-build week. The complication was not technical but intellectual and ethical. NMAAHC has a distinct mission to accurately and authoritatively speak about African American history and culture within and amongst their collection items. The Library recognized its under-representation of African American subjects within its cataloging techniques – something unfortunately common across many cultural heritage institutions for all minorities in history. Instead of trying to standardize the subjects from each institution into one list, the idea to do so, relying on the authority of NMAAHC was put into a “parking lot” for future projects. The subjects were kept as provided from the institutions’ datasets. Where the Museum’s subjects could augment and even fill in gaps in the Library’s collections, subjects have been generated in a list to recommend to the Library’s cataloging division.

    Final Dataset and Further Documentation

    As described above, eight weeks of preparatory work resulted in a final, incorporated dataset accompanied by a detailed metadata map to show the process of cleaning, standardizing and merging the two datasets. This additional documentation is important to provide to the teams working with this data to develop a final digital product. By diagramming the decision points discussed above and showing a data model of the mapping, the programmers working with this information are made aware of the many curatorial, ethical and cultural decisions being made around the organization of that data. Diagrams of the data mapping  thus serve as helpful secondary sources of information for database administrators, and, in this instance, for the developers to understand an additional layer of how each metadata field speaks to its neighbor and aligned field. This documentation can also be used for future partnerships with the Smithsonian while serving as a template for joint endeavors in general for the Library’s future collaborative efforts.


    Now that you’ve read about how the dataset was prepared, tune in this Friday, July 13 to watch baseball collections step up to the digital plate! The final “Inside Baseball” showcase will take place from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. in the Library of Congress’ Coolidge Auditorium, as our teams debut new prototypes and tools, discuss the warm-ups leading to the reveal, and host a panel conversation feature ESPN’s Clinton Yates, baseball historian Rob Ruck, and mathematician Jordan Ellenberg. Can’t attend in person? Don’t worry! We will also be live streaming the entire event here.

    dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

    What I’m Reading This Summer: Anna Kijas

    Note: As the dh+lib Review editors work behind the scenes this summer, we have invited a few members of our community to step in as guest editors and share with us what they are reading and why the dh+lib audience might want to read it too. This post is from Anna Kijas, Senior Digital Scholarship Librarian at Boston College.

    My current reading list focuses on issues of gender, privilege, and canon building in libraries, archives, and humanities disciplines—in particular, music. As a digital scholarship librarian I am especially interested in how these issues are being explored and addressed in digital humanities by GLAM professionals and scholars. The issue of reifying canon in digital library collections and digital humanities projects, especially those engaged with recovery of texts or music, is one that I have been exploring for a while through my own research and projects, and several of the readings in my list were critical during my preparation for a keynote that I gave at the Music Encoding Conference in May 2018 at the University of Maryland.


    Caswell, Michelle (2017). “Teaching to Dismantle White Supremacy in Archives,” The Library Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1086/692299

    In this article, Michelle Caswell reflects on an exercise she developed and used with her students in which they identify examples of embedded white privilege in archives, as well as many ways that they can dismantle this privilege through their professional praxis as future archivists. Caswell argues that faculty (in this case, library and information science faculty) should model behaviors of critique and resistance for their students in order for them to believe that they can disrupt existing oppressive structures. I can see how the actions and outcomes presented by Caswell can also be applied by faculty in disciplines outside of LIS, especially those whose students use archives as part of course projects or dissertation work. Caswell’s call to action—“We get the world we make, we get the classrooms we make, we get the archives we make. Let’s all work to make them more just”—is one that those of us engaged with social justice and critical librarianship have been hearing more loudly and frequently (especially during the past two years!), and it is one that we should all be working towards together.



    Earhart, Amy E. (2012). “Can Information Be Unfettered? Race and the New Digital Humanities Canon,” Debates in the Digital Humanities. http://dhdebates.gc.cuny.edu/debates/text/16.

    Amy E. Earhart’s essay is one that I read when it was first published in the Debates in the Digital Humanities volume, but I recently returned to it when I was preparing my keynote draft on gender and canon in digital musicology. In her essay, Earhart examines canon building and digital texts, taking the reader on a deep-historical-dive to the 1990s and early 2000s when digital recovery was at it most active. She identifies a number of projects from this period that fall into one of two scholarly groups. The first group produced small, generally unfunded projects created mostly by individual scholars or collectives, while the second group—primarily consisting of large centers, libraries, and cultural heritage institutions—produced larger-scale projects. Earhart argues that the small-scale projects often focused on non-canonical texts and works by people of color, whereas the large-scale and institutionally-led projects reinforced canonical bias. Earhart notes that large corpora are generally located at major universities or receive grant funding. I’m struck by the similarity between the musicology and literary studies communities: privilege has determined who has entered the canon and who maintains the canon. It is crucial to ensure that our representation does not continue to exclude works by women, people of color, and other marginalized groups.



    Noble, Safiya Umoja (2018). Algorithms of Oppression. How search engines reinforce racism. New York University Press. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/987591529

    Safiya Umoja Noble deconstructs the ways in which search engines, social media platforms, and artificial intelligence are driven by algorithms that privilege whiteness and are explicitly racist and sexist against people of color. The entire book is required reading, but chapter 5, with its focus on classification systems, may be specifically of interest to LIS professionals. Noble discusses a well-known 2014 case, where Dartmouth College students who worked with librarians and faculty to ban the use of “illegal aliens” as a subject term in the library catalog. Subsequently, the Library of Congress dropped the term from its subject heading authorities in 2016. She uses this case study to discuss the ways in which people have been classified and represented within the LIS field and how this has led to “continued biased practices in current system designs, especially on the web” (137). Through her research, Noble demonstrates how it is imperative that LIS professionals do not accept classification systems as a given, but rather “examine the beliefs about the neutrality and objectivity of the entire field of LIS and moving toward undoing racist classification and knowledge-management practices” (138). I wish that this text had been available and part of the curriculum when I was an LIS student!



    Padua, Sydney (2016). The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage. Penguin Books.

    I love Sydney Padua’s graphic novel about Ada Lovelace! My “lighter” reading at the moment, the graphic novel cleverly juxtaposes biographical narrative about Ada Lovelace’s contributions to the first computer (Analytical Engine) with a science fiction story based on Charles Babbage’s writings about an alternate universe. Did you know that Charles Babbage designed an error pop-up (an actual plate would appear with the word “wrong”) for his computer?! Padua’s illustrations and text bring Lovelace’s story to life in a creative medium that makes it accessible to a wider audience who may not be interested in reading full-length biographies or be familiar with Ada Lovelace’s contribution to computing. Issues around invisible labor, librarians and service, as well as feminization of labor are important to me, so I make it a priority to seek out narratives that prominently feature women in all aspects of tech, libraries, and academia. In addition to Lovelace, there are many more prominent women in computing that are only now gaining recognition through the recovery work of scholars, writers, historians, and others.

    Dan Cohen's Digital Humanities Blog

    Looking Back at Season 1 of the What’s New Podcast, and Ahead to Season 2

    What's New Photo 2

    When I arrived at Northeastern University a year ago, I wanted to start a new podcast that highlighted new ideas and discoveries through interviews with a wide range of faculty and researchers. Snell Library has incredible facilities not only for quiet study but also for the production of media and digital scholarship, and so it was natural to use our professional recording studio and the expertise of our staff to create this podcast. The result was What’s New, which wrapped up its first season a couple of months ago.

    Longtime readers of this blog will know that I had a prior podcast, Digital Campus, which began in 2007, during the first wave of podcasting. Created with my friends at the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media, it was a roundtable discussion of how digital media and technology were affecting learning, teaching, and scholarship at colleges, universities, libraries, and museums. Digital Campus lasted through 2015, and built up a nice audience of fellow practitioners in digital humanities, academia, and cultural heritage institutions over those eight years.

    With What’s New I wanted to draw on a larger canvas than Digital Campus, and try to reach an even larger audience. This wasn’t purely populist. In part the new podcast was my audio answer to the ongoing question about the social role and value of the academy; to me, that answer is not very complicated, and can be seen just by walking around a campus and talking to people. For the most part, despite all of the criticism and hand-wringing, universities still foster the people, environment, time, and resources to allow us to delve into topics far more deeply than anywhere else, and that process leads to profound, applicable, and enriching ideas in the broadest sense: not only scientific and technical breakthroughs but also a better understanding of ourselves as human beings.

    Think about the difference between a blog post and a book: one can be tossed off in an afternoon at a coffee shop, while the other generally requires years of thought and careful writing. Not all books are perfect — far from it — but at least authors have to wrestle with their subject matter more rigorously than in any other context, look at what others have written in their area, and situate their writing within that network of thought and research.

    Podcasts have generally been more off the cuff than rigorous. Sure, there are now many NPR, BBC, and other podcasts that are professional and well-produced, but a majority of podcasts are still unedited conversations. Sometimes that format can work well — I’m biased, but I think Digital Campus was fun to listen to, in part because we were friends and could joke with each other, or quickly grasp where one of us was going with a topic and then riff off of that.

    Before launching, we had a lot of discussions about the structure and tone of What’s New, and settled on a simple half-hour interview format that we thought would go deep enough into a topic but not exhaustively so, and that would not be casual conversation that dragged on for an hour or two. That gave us the opportunity to cover a number of challenging topics and do them justice, while not being exhaustive. We left it to the listener to learn more through links, by reading a related book, etc.

    I’m thrilled with how the first season went, audience-wise. Last time I checked we had over 30,000 streams so far, and the weekly numbers continue to grow. I’ve really enjoyed reading articles and books on topics I know nothing about and then having 30 minutes to frame complicated subjects in plainspoken ways, and to ask some probing questions of the guests on the show. It’s allowed me to get to know the incredible faculty at Northeastern, and to promote their work. (At the end of the season, we had a special guest from off campus, and that is likely to happen more in the future.)

    If there’s one bit of self-criticism, the format of What’s New, especially within the strictures of a professional recording studio, could occasionally come across as a bit too formal, and so as we think ahead to Season 2, we’re going to sprinkle in some looser elements. We’re changing up the sound design a bit and recording the podcast outside of the studio, potentially with sounds from the field (e.g., within a lab). There will be a new, less ponderous theme song. I think I got better and less stiff as an interviewer as the season went on, but I’ll be working on that too; I have to admit to being used to being the interviewee rather than the interviewer.

    For now, it’s a good time to catch up on Season 1 if you haven’t done so already, and subscribe to the podcast (just use one of the links at the top of the What’s New site) for the launch of Season 2 in September. Here are the episodes from Season 1:

    1. How We Respond to Disaster – how cities bounce back from natural disasters or terrorism

    2. Fake News and the Next Generation – the news consumption habits of young people, and the elusiveness of the truth

    3. The Steamship Revolution – the spaceships of the 19th century

    4. Enabling Engineering – an incredible group that designs devices for those with physical and cognitive disabilities

    5. Inventing Writing – a fascinating story of how the Cherokee language went from oral to written

    6. The Secrets of Hollywood Storytelling – a screenwriter and film producer on how movies are written and sonically designed

    7. Tracking the Invisible Infrastructure of Our Cities – what you learn when you attach GPS devices to your trash

    8. The Algorithms That Shape Our Lives – clever methods reveal how Facebook, Amazon, and other big internet companies work

    9. The Hidden Universe of Comics – beyond the superheroes you see at the multiplex

    10. Designing for Diversity – how to design digital systems to be more attentive to the true diversity of humanity

    11. The Future of Energy – adding solar power to the grid is not so simple

    12. Fractivism – how communities are responding to this new energy production method

    13. The Evolution of Cities – the collision of people, transportation, and buildings as seen through the eyes of a city planner

    14. Privacy in the Facebook Age – or what’s left of it, and whether regulation will help

    15. Addressing Neglected Diseases – discovering vaccines and cures for these diseases requires a completely different model

    16. Engineering the Future: Boston’s Big Dig – inside one of the biggest engineering projects in history, from its primary engineer and advocate

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Semitic Roots Repository

    Semitic Roots Repository
    This repository is dedicated to documenting and modelling every single aspect of the Semitic languages. The main database holds a record of all known roots that have been entered so far, and gives many criteria by which to search and compare them.

    The script used for the roots is the Ancient South Arabian script known as the "Musnad". This script was chosen because it is the only known Semitic abjad that contains graphemes for all of the known Semitic phonemes. As this abjad has only recently been included in the Unicode specification, it's not included on most Operating Systems. Therefore you'll need to download the Musnad font from our downloads section. The script is fairly easy to learn (only took me about a day or two) and it is a much better choice than using Latin characters, with various modified characters to represent those letters not known in Latin-based alphabets. The use of the Musnad for the roots does not mean the roots are necessarily existent in the Ancient South Arabian languages, the script is being used as a general way to represent common Semitic roots. However when the script appears in a word, then it is being used to represent an Ancient South Arabian word.
    Last 30 words added
    𐩺𐩣𐩡𐩫QatabanicTo rule, reign
    مخضArabicTo churn
    𐎎𐎃𐎕UgariticTo dig, hew out
    maḫāṣuAkkadianTo beat, strike, wound
    𐩣𐩭𐩳QatabanicTo dig, hew out
    𐩡𐩣𐩢QatabanicTo spy, look at secretly
    لمحArabicTo spy, catch a glance of
    𐩡𐩸𐩣QatabanicTo enjoin, require
    لزمArabicTo enjoin, require, obligate, necessitate
    karābuAkkadianTo pray, bless
    𐩩𐩫𐩧𐩨𐩪QatabanicTo dedicate, set apart
    𐩫𐩥𐩬QatabanicTo exist, be
    𐩺𐩵𐩲QatabanicTo enquire, find out
    𐩣𐩼𐩣𐩱𐩩𐩣QatabanicUnirrigated, dry
    ظمأArabicTo be thirsty
    𐩼𐩡𐩣𐩩QatabanicA statue
    𐩭𐩩𐩣𐩺QatabanicTo stamp, seal
    𐩭𐩷𐩱𐩩𐩬QatabanicA crime, transgression
    𐩭𐩥𐩡QatabanicTo direct, administer
    خبلArabicTo derange, stupefy, madden
    𐩭𐩨𐩡𐩣QatabanicOne who defaces, damages
    חָבַלHebrewTo corrupt, destroy spoil
    አደሰAmharicTo renew, make new
    𐩢𐩧𐩻QatabanicTo cultivate, terrace, plow
    𐩢𐩧𐩣𐩥QatabanicTo be forbidden
    𐩩𐩢𐩳𐩧QatabanicTo be present

    Semitic Roots database currently contains 2286 words derived from 467 distinct roots.

    Portal to the Past: Digital Archive of Archaeological Projects and Research Canadian Institute in Greece

    [First Posted in AWOL  16 November 2013, updated 12 July 2018]

    Portal to the Past: Digital Archive of Archaeological Projects and Research Canadian Institute in Greece
    A generous grant from Thracean Gold Mining, S.A., a subsidiary of the Eldorado Gold Corporation (Vancouver), has enabled the Institute to undertake the creation of an interactive website, “Portal to the Past” (or Portal) that highlights the archaeological work of the Canadian Institute in Greece (CIG) since 1980. The Ambassador of Canada to the Hellenic Republic, Robert W. Peck, was instrumental in creating this opportunity for CIG. This new website is designed to provide a wide audience in Canada and beyond with access to the fieldwork, the finds and the results of the archaeological and scientific research carried out under the auspices of the Canadian Institute in Greece with permits from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture. Cultural organizations around the world for the past decade or so have created similar online portals to make their collections accessible to the public.
    Each CIG's 18 archaeological projects since 1980 have a representative sample of the imagery and information related to its research in the Portal. The information and imagery in the website is fully searchable, by project, site, find, image, institution, researcher, research expertise and other criteria. In making this available online, both the projects and the Institute will receive a broader recognition of the significant work that they have carried out in the past four decades throughout Greece in elucidating the rich cultural heritage of the country. These discoveries span from the Mesolithic period (ca 9th millennium BCE) to the 20th century CE. One can search each component for specific information.
    After each field season the current project’s entries and image collection in the Portal will be updated. New projects will be added as they are approved and conduct their field work. Additional materials will be added to older projects as they become available.
    In addition to the archaeological projects the Portal includes imagery and information related to the Frederick E. Winter B/W Negative Collection. The late Professor Winter (University of Toronto) donated to the Archives of the Institute his collection of B/W negatives with contact sheets that he took during a long career focused on the study of Greek and Roman defensive architecture and Hellenistic buildings. This imagery covers Greece, Turkey and Italy from 1956 to 1986.
    The CIG Portal to the Past is one component of the Institute’s ongoing efforts to preserve, to organize, to store properly and to make accessible the archives of the Institute as an institution and of the archives of the archaeological projects which have held permits under the aegis of the Institute.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Archaeology, Nationalism, Destruction

    Earlier this summer, I was wandering around an “abandoned” 20th century seasonal settlement in the Western Argolid with a few colleagues, and while we spent time documenting the site and looking carefully at the buildings there, we were also using the site as a way to think (until I was attacked by some kind of bug that had gotten into the sleeve of my long-sleeve and started, understandably, to attack me. Then, there was no thought, just sheer panic. I still have scars, but no one on WARP seemed to really care.).


    One thing that we discussed was how sites like these fit awkwardly into the dominant archaeological narrative of the Greek nation. The site was not monumental, for example, nor do its buildings and artifact celebrate the something singular, transcendent, and distinctive about either this corner of the Argolid or the Greek world. Moreover, the site did not fit into a clear stage in the settlement in the Greek countryside. It revealed neither progress nor persistence, but irregular adaptation and modification through time. In many ways, the episodes of abandonment and use defied the more linear narrative of archaeological history which celebrated the development of the Greek state, the Greek world, and – broadly speaking – the West over time. We wondered how publishing sites like these might complicate narratives of the past by showing how the present (or at least the recent past) defies the kind of tidy interpretative trajectory presented by the dominant archaeological and national narrative. Maybe attention to sites like these can disrupt some of the more colonial elements of Classical archaeology by recognizing a Greek past that doesn’t necessarily contribute neatly to a sense of shared or common heritage with the West or even the Greek nation as a coherent cultural unit.

    Two recent articles have further engaged my thinking about archaeology and the nation (which has begun to feel a bit like an evergreen topic of study for a generation of archaeologists who came of age in the late 20th and early 21st century). A colleague (h/t Grace Erny!) sent a copy of Vasileios Varouchakis’s recent piece in Public Archaeology (2018), titled “Indigenous Archaeologies of Crete, 1878-1913.” Varouchakis considers the rise of a national archaeology during the period when Crete was an independent protectorate of the great powers (which he argued paralleled and anticipated the national archaeology when Crete became part of the Greek state). Instead of just tracing the emergence of archaeological institutions and projects at the state or international level, however, Varouchakis examined role of local communities in creating an indigenous archaeology on the island. In some cases, this involved working closely with archaeologists on projects that represented shared interest like a switch-back path to the cave above Psychro village which provided access for archaeological work as well as the nutrient rich deposits valued as fertilizer. Restaurants and hotels for visitors followed archaeological projects as did the opportunities for paid work for Cretan peasants. The interaction with both foreign and local archaeologists in these “contact zones” remains familiar to anyone working on a foreign project today, but also served as a space for Cretans to learn the value of archaeology and archaeological artifacts to the state and its partners. This knowledge, then, also provided a foundation for acts of resistance among communities on Crete who recognized the value of archaeology in securing attention for their grievances and advancing their cause. Acts of resistance involved damaging archaeological sites intentionally or by simply ignoring them, deliberate acts of looting, and constructing narratives of their landscape that reject the official narrative promoted by the state and foreign archaeologists. This indigenous archaeology, however, was not some autochthonous view of the past, but a dialogue with the official narrative and a constituent force in creating the contemporary archaeological landscape of the island. Varouchakis’s article gleans from the official record the barest glimpses of the interaction between archaeologists and peasants on the island, but it is enough to recognize the dynamic circumstances in which the formal archaeological narrative emerged.

    Christopher Jones’s recent article in the Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 6 (2018), “Understanding ISIS’s Destruction of Antiquities as a Rejection of Nationalism,” likewise considers archaeology’s key role in constructing the modern nation, by arguing that ISIS’s destruction of archaeological sites was less directed at various communities living in the Middle East (e.g. Christians, Jews, or various Muslim groups) or even some chimerical pagan past ready to reassert itself, but against efforts by secular states across the region to use archaeology to construct national identities independent of religious affiliation and grounded in a Western, colonial past. To make his argument Jones explored the use of the pre-Islamic past in the state propaganda of the Baathist regimes in Iraq and Syria and demonstrated how ISIS efforts to attack these sites had meaning as part of an explicit counter propaganda campaign.

    What’s intriguing in both of these articles is not so much that they argue that archaeology has become part of national narrative, but that resistance to the power of the modern nation state has manifest itself in anti-archaeological ways. On the one hand, this isn’t surprising; but, on the other hand, it reminds me that archaeology is part of a larger modern discourse that exposes it to negotiations and challenges both from within modern view of the world and from without. 

    Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

    Anglo-Saxon charters online

    In anticipation of the British Library's major Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms exhibition, which opens on 19 October, we are delighted to have added the vast majority of our Anglo-Saxon single-sheet charters to our Digitised Manuscripts site. A full list of the 203 charters currently available can be downloaded here; we plan to...

    July 11, 2018

    Ethan Gruber (XForms for Archives)

    Creating and Updating SNAC constellations directly in xEAC

    After 2-3 weeks of work, I have made some very significant updates to xEAC, one which paves the way to making archival materials at the American Numismatic Society (and other potential users of our open source software frameworks) broadly accessible to other researchers. This is especially important for us, since we are a small archive with unique materials that don't reach a general historical audience, and we are now able to fulfill one of the potentialities we outlined in our Mellon-NEH Open Humanities Book project: that we would be able to make 200+ open ebooks available through Social Networks and Archival Context (SNAC).

    I have introduced a new feature that interacts with the SNAC JSON API within the XForms backend of xEAC (note that you need to use an XForms 2.0 compliant processor for xEAC in order to make use of JSON data). The feature will create a new constellation if none exists or supplement existing constellations with data from the local EAC-CPF record. While the full range of EAC-CPF components is supported by the SNAC API, I have focused primarily on the integration of the stable URI for the entity in the local authority system (e.g., http://numismatics.org/authority/newell), existDates (if they are not already in the constellation), and the biogHist. Importantly, if xEAC users have opted to connect to a SPARQL endpoint that also contains archival or libraries materials, these related resources will be created in SNAC and linked to the constellation.

    It should be noted that this system is still in beta and has only been tested with the SNAC development server. There is still work to do with improving the authentication handshake between xEAC and SNAC.

    The process


    Step 1: Reviewing an existing constellation for content

    The first step of the process is executed when the user loads the form. If the EAC-CPF record already contains an entityId that conforms to the permanent, stable SNAC ARK URI, a "read" query will be issued to the SNAC API in order to determine what content already exists in the constellation, including what resources are already available in the constellation vs. the resources extracted from the local archival information system via SPARQL.

    The SPARQL query for extracted resources from the endpoint is as follows:

    PREFIX rdf:      <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
    PREFIX dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/>
    PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    SELECT ?uri ?role ?title ?type ?genre ?abstract ?extent WHERE {
    ?uri ?role <http://numismatics.org/authority/newell> ;
         dcterms:title ?title ;
    rdf:type ?type ;
    dcterms:type ?genre .
    OPTIONAL {?uri dcterms:abstract ?abstract}
    OPTIONAL {?uri dcterms:extent ?extent}
    } ORDER BY ASC(?role)

    I recently made an update to our Digital Library and Archival software so that every different type of resource (ebooks and notebooks in TEI, photographs in MODS, finding aids in EAD) will include a dcterms:type linking to a Getty AAT URI in the RDF serialization. This AAT URI, in conjunction with the rdf:type of the archival or library object (often a schema.org Class), will help determine the type of resource according to SNAC's own parameters (BibliographicResource, ArchivalResource, DigitalArchivalRescource). Additionally, the role of the entity with respect to the resource (dcterms:creator, dcterms:subject) informs the role within the SNAC resource-constellation connection: creatorOf, referencedIn. Abstracts and extents are inserted, if available.

    Step 2: Validate authentication

    SNAC uses Google user tokens for validation within its own system. There is currently no handshake available between xEAC and SNAC which will facilitate multiple users in xEAC to each have their own credentials in SNAC. At the moment, the "user" information is stored in the xEAC config file. A user will have to enter their Google credentials from the SNAC API Key page into the web form and click the "Confirm User Data" button. xEAC will submit an "edit" to a random constellation to verify the validity of the authentication information. If it is successful, the credentials are then stored back into the config (although the token only lasts about 24 hours) and the constellation is immediately unlocked. The user will then proceed to the create/update constellation interface.

    Authenticating through xEAC

    Step 3: Creating or updating a constellation

    The user will now see several checkboxes to add information into the constellation. Eventually, it will be possible to remove data as well. Below is a synopsis of options:

    1. Same As URI: The URI of the entity in the local authority system will be added into the constellation. This is especially important or establishing concordances between different vocabulary systems.
    2. Exist dates can be added into the constellation if they are not already present.
    3. If there isn't already a biogHist in the constellation and there is one present in the EAC-CPF record, the biogHist will be escaped and published to SNAC. A source will also be created in the constellation in order to link the new biogHist to SNAC control metadata, tying the new biogHist directly to the local URI for the authority. This makes it possible to update or delete only the biogHist associated with your own entity without overwriting other biogHist information that might already be present within the constellation. While SNAC does support multiple biogHists, only the most recently added biogHist will appear in the HTML view of the entity. For this reason (at present), xEAC will only insert a biogHist if there isn't one in the constellation already. In step 1, if the constellation already contains a biogHist associated with the source URI for your authority, it will hash encode the constellation's biogHist and compare it to the hash-encoded biogHist currently in the EAC-CPF record. If there is a difference between these hashes, the constellation will be updated with the current version of the biogHist in the EAC-CPF record.
    4. A list of resource relations derived from SPARQL will be displayed. All will be checked by default in order to first create the resource with the "insert_resource" API command, and second to connect the constellation to that newly created resource with "update_constellation". Each resource entry will display some basic metadata and whether or not it already exists in the constellation, and what action will be taken. It is possible to uncheck the box for a resource that exists in the constellation to remove it from the constellation.
    The interface for creating and updating SNAC constellations

    Step 4: Saving the ARK back to the EAC-CPF record, if applicable

    After the successful issuing of "publish_constellation" to the SNAC API, an entityId with the new SNAC ARK URI will be inserted into the EAC-CPF record, if the constellation is newly created (updates presume the ARK already exists in the EAC record). Saving the EAC record will trigger a re-indexing of the document to Solr and a SPARQL/Update that will insert the ARK as a skos:exactMatch into the concept object for the entity.

    PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
    PREFIX skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#>
    PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>

    INSERT { ?concept skos:exactMatch <ARK> }
    WHERE { ?concept foaf:focus <URI> }

    The data above are those I consider to most vital to SNAC integration--essential historical or biographical context and related archival or library resources that can be made more broadly accessible. I am not sure how many other authority systems are able to interact with SNAC with this degree of granularity yet, but I am hopeful that these features will propel more unique research materials into the public sphere.

    I will briefly touch on these new features when I present our our comprehensive LOD-oriented numismatic research platform at SAA next month (I will upload the slideshow soon).

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Epigraphica Romana

    Epigraphica Romana

    Origine du projet

    Le programme Epigraphica Romana est né de l’intégration de l’Unité de Service et de Recherche « L’Année Epigraphique » (l’ex-USR 710 du CNRS) à l’Unité Mixte de Recherche « Anthropologie et histoire des mondes anciens » (ANHIMA, UMR 8210 du CNRS).
    Il s’appuie donc sur les personnels et le fonds documentaire (la Bibliothèque Année Epigraphique – Fonds Pflaum) du pôle épigraphique de Villejuif.
    À l’issue de ce processus d’intégration, ANHIMA a reçu de l’Institut des sciences humaines et sociales (INSHS) du CNRS la mission de construire une base de données, en ligne et en libre accès, proposant une recension annuelle des inscriptions romaines nouvellement publiées ou révisées.

    Premiers résultats

    Cette base de données est le fruit d’une élaboration technique, à laquelle ont travaillé les informaticiens en poste à ANHIMA depuis 2015. Ce projet s’est appuyé notamment sur le développement d’un outil partagé de gestion de bases de données, au sein d’ANHIMA et du Centre André Chastel (UMR 8150 du CNRS).
    Entre l’automne 2015 et l’été 2016, le programme a recensé les nouveautés épigraphiques parues en 2014 et concernant quelques régions de l’empire romain : la Regio VI italienne, les Gaules, les Germanies, la Bétique et la Dacie. Dix rédacteurs ont participé à cette expérimentation, qui a abouti à la mise en forme de quelque 130 notices d’ EpRom 2014.
    L’expérience accumulée a permis de se lancer, l’année suivante, dans une recension couvrant une grande partie de l’empire romain. Une rédaction constituée d’une trentaine de chercheurs, a produit quelque 700 notices, constituant le millésime d’ EpRom 2015.

    PATRIMONIVM: Geography and Economy of the Imperial Properties in the Roman World

    PATRIMONIVM: Geography and Economy of the Imperial Properties in the Roman World
    PATRIMONIVM is a scientific research initiative funded by the European Research Council (ERC-StG 716375) for the period 2017-2022. The project is hosted by the Ausonius Institute at the Bordeaux Montaigne University and it is coordinated by Dr. Alberto Dalla Rosa. It aims at conducting the first comprehensive and multidisciplinary study of the political, social and economic role of the properties of the Roman emperors from Octavian/Augustus to Diocletian (44 BC – AD 284) using a complete documentary base for the entire Roman world.
    This website is still under construction and new content will be added regularly as the project progresses.
    When complete, this page will be your gateway to accessing the ancient documentation concerning the imperial properties during the High Roman Empire. Texts (literary, epigraphic and papyrological), historical commentaries, bibliographical references and a prosopographical index will be organized in a modern digital database, named Atlas patrimonii. Thanks to this new tool, it will be possible to renew our understanding of the economic and social role of the imperial properties at local and global level, and to ultimately show to what extent the patrimonium Caesaris was one of the pillars of the imperial regime founded by Augustus.
    The PATRIMONIVM website will also give access to detailed studies concerning single sources or particular themes and, obviously, to all the publications of the project, which will be available in full text under an Open Access license and in HTML format. These will consist of conference proceedings, a sourcebook and an authoritative History of the Imperial Properties in the Roman World, exploring numerous aspects of the geography, the economy and the organization of the patrimonium Caesaris.
    A series of six workshops will take place between October 2017 and March 2019 and will provide the occasion to reconsider some key methodological issues and the most important documents, like the inscription of the Bagradas Valley (Africa proconsularis) or the statute of the mines of Vipasca (Lusitania). in 2019, An international conference will be devoted to the role of the imperial properties as a structuring factor of the Roman economy. A second conference, to be held in 2020, will be dedicated to the concept of patrimonialism as a tool for approaching empires in different times and places.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    I Let My Tape Rock ’til My Tape Popped: Music and Media in the 21st Century

    A couple weeks ago my friend David Haeselin posted a nice review of Deerhunter’s Double Dream of Spring on the North Dakota Quarterly page. I’ve been wanting to write a response, and this is my first draft. 

    The most curious thing about the Deerhunter album is that it was only released on cassette tape. 

    Cassette tapes have always fascinated me (and some of this, I’ll have to admit, is simple nostalgia). They anticipated in so many ways the release of compact discs, but carried with them some of the same limitations of vinyl records. First, the were portable and ideally suited to mobile playback in such iconic devices as the Sony Walkman and in cars. Second, like vinyl LPs, they were relatively fragile and deteriorated over multiple plays (and were susceptible to oxidation over time). Third, compared the the compact disc it was possible for a tape to sound really good with suitably expensive playback gear and high quality tapes, in most cases, tapes sounded pretty bad and, in this way, they reflected the character of vinyl records, which could and can sound divine, mostly didn’t because most records were cut poorly and played back on mediocre equipment. (The final iteration of Dolby noise cancelation for tapes “Dolby S” was apparently almost CD quality). Finally, cassette tapes could be dubbed either completely or into mix tapes initiating an entire culture of dubbed, bootlegged, and pirated content that continued into the CD era and has structured, in many ways, our engagement with online digital music. 

    Compared the vinyl records and tapes, compact discs represented an amazing leap forward in sound quality and durability and offered enhanced portability. Deerhunter’s release of a cassette tape reflects the negotiation of a number different affordances and different historical attitudes. On the one hand, cassettes offered a convenient portable medium for distributing their new EP and people who wanted to listen to the music would, at first, be limited to a small group of individuals who had access to working cassette players. The physicality of the tape itself stood as a immediate barrier to the circulation of the music and a badge of exclusivity. On the other hand, Deerhunter knew that copies of the EP would soon enter the digital realm and circulate widely on forums and Reddits and other places where Deerhunter fans congregated. This would, of course, reinforce, in the short term, access to a community of Deerhunter fans. In this way, a tape like this parallels the circulation of bootleg recordings prior to the internet which found their audiences in fan magazines, pre-concert festivities, and word of mouth.

    About a month after Deerhunter released Double Dream of Spring, Beyoncé and Jay-Z released their first album as The Carters, Everything is Love. The single from the album was titled “Apeshit.” Like Deerhunter, the single was released in an exclusive way, but rather than on nostalgia-inducing cassette, on the streaming music service Tidal of which Beyoncé and Jay-Z are part-owner and which has a significant number of African American subscribers compared to other streaming services. The single itself likewise defies convention in its lyrics and title which would limit its radio play. (The old relationship between the single and the radio seems to be almost completely over thanks, in part, to the challenging lyrics and popularity of hiphop music.) The lyrics themselves celebrate this flaunting of convention with Beyoncé demanding “pay me in equity” which would certainly resonate with Tidal listeners aware that the service is owned at least partly by artists, many of whom are African American. The iconic music video for “Apeshit”, also premiered on Tidal and its setting in the Louvre emphasizes how the reception of art is as mediated by class and race. Unlike the ephemerality of the cassette tape, “Apeshit” stakes its claim to museum quality permanence.    

    At the same time, Tidal has its limits. Kanye West released his album The Life of Pablo exclusively on Tidal in 2016 which famously led to wide spread pirating of the album as fans attempted to get access to the album without paying the service’s fees. West’s departure from the Tidal ownership group has sometimes been attributed to the mishandling of The Life of Pablo launch (and that Tidal owned him money), but its hard to separate that album with its changing list of songs, versions, and order from the streaming medium. Moreover, it seems unlikely that the album would have been pirated less had it been released as a conventional download. 

    Without this little essay devolving to yet another case study of how the “medium is the message,” Deerhunter, Beyoncé, Jay-Z, and Kanye West demonstrate how the current moment in the music industry sees the medium as far more than simply a passive method for disseminating creative works but as the co-creator of the art itself. This isn’t new, of course, as artists have long recognized the relationship between their music and album covers, the color of vinyl, music videos, and even the ironic reminder by Tom Petty “Hello, CD listeners, we’ve come to the point of his album where those listening on cassette or records will have to stand up or sit down and turn over the record or tape.” I do suspect, however, that, today, that the intersection of technological and music has an explicit relationship with a growing awareness of the significance of fan communities, inequality within the music industry, as well as issues of race and social class.  

    July 10, 2018

    Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

    The Winchester Psalter: an illustrated bilingual Psalter

    After the Norman Conquest, the principal language of the aristocracy in England was French, rather than English or Latin. Perhaps not surprisingly, the Bible was translated into French at an early date. Given the importance of the Psalms in the medieval Church, several early French translations were made, including three...

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online, 10 July 2018

    Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online. There are 260 volumes of this series now online open access.   
    Waraksa, Elizabeth A (2009). Female Figurines from the Mut Precinct: Context and Ritual Function. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 
    Lichtheim, Miriam (1992). Maat in Egyptian Autobiographies and Related Studies. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Sass, Benjamin (1991). Studia Alphabetica: On the Origin and Early History of the Northwest Semitic, South Semitic and Greek Alphabets. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Hutter, Manfred (1985). Altorientalische Vorstellungen von der Unterwelt: Literar- und religionsgeschichtliche Überlegungen zu "Nergal und Ereškigal". Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Meyer-Dietrich, Erika (2006). Senebi und Selbst: Personenkonstituenten zur rituellen Wiedergeburt in einem Frauensarg des Mittleren Reiches. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


    Understanding ISIS's Destruction of Antiquities as a Rejection of Nationalism

    Understanding ISIS's Destruction of Antiquities as a Rejection of Nationalism
    Christopher W. Jones
    Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies
    Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2018), pp. 31-58
    DOI: 10.5325/jeasmedarcherstu.6.1-2.0031
    Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5325/jeasmedarcherstu.6.1-2.0031
    Page Count: 28
    This article argues that the campaign of antiquities destruction waged by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) should be understood in the context of the group's rejection of the nation-state. The Ba'athist regimes of Iraq and Syria used archaeology not only as a tool to promote national unity but also as an ideological narrative to portray their states as continual recapitulations of their pasts. As a result, the pre-Islamic past came to be associated with secular nationalism. Since the secular state demands obedience to secular law, ISIS views it as idolatrous as it demands allegiance apart from God. The group considers the secular sacralization of antiquities in support of nationalism to be an aspect of this form of idolatry that justifies their destruction. Future efforts at cultural heritage preservation in the region will need to take into account the decline of Arab nationalist movements which once supported them.

    Bibliographie Papyrologique en ligne

    [Most recently updated 10 July 2018]

    Bibliographie Papyrologique en ligne
    BP enligne
    La BP a pour ambition de fournir une information bibliographique complète, correcte et rapide dans tous les domaines qui relèvent, au sens large, de la papyrologie. Elle a été fondée en 1932 par Marcel HOMBERT, à la suite d'un projet présenté au IIe congrès international de Papyrologie (Leyde, 1931).
    Poursuivie par Georges NACHTERGAEL, la BP est aujourd'hui rédigée par Alain MARTIN, Alain DELATTRE, Paul HEILPORN et Naïm VANTHIEGHEM, avec la collaboration de Henri MELAERTS et Cecilia SAERENS. Elle est éditée par l'Association Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, avec le concours du Centre de Papyrologie et d'Épigraphie grecque de l'Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB).
    On peut consulter en annexe:

    le projet original, tel qu'il a été formulé en 1931 par Marcel HOMBERT;
    un historique dressé à l'occasion du XVe Congrès international de Papyrologie Bruxelles, 1977) par Georges NACHTERGAEL et Roger S. BAGNALL;
    le bilan de 75 années de BP présenté par Alain MARTIN, dans le cadre du XXVe Congrès international de Papyrologie (Ann Arbor, 2007);
    l'annonce de nouveaux développements par Alain DELATTRE et Paul HEILPORN lors du XXVIIe Congrès international de Papyrologie (Varsovie, 2013).
    La banque de données en ligne accessible ici rassemble toutes les fiches distribuées depuis la création de la BP jusqu'au dernier envoi de l'année écoulée, ainsi qu'un certain nombre de fiches complémentaires. Sa réalisation a bénéficié du concours de Roger S. BAGNALL, Alexandre BUCHET et Annie DEKNUDT (†).

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    The Site

    This summer I spent a good bit of time thinking about “the site” in survey archaeology. After four seasons of intensive pedestrian survey in the Western Argolid, we have started to analyze the data from our intensive pedestrian survey. We designed our project as a siteless survey and covered nearly all the small survey units (~2500 sq. m), high intensity sampling (10 m spacing), and no systematic change in method for higher density units. As a result, we produced a distribution map of artifacts across the landscape of the Western Argolid that shows gradations of artifact densities rather than dots on the map as one would see from a site-based survey project.

    IMG 2765

    Despite this approach to our survey area, we have come to realize that the vast majority off our pre-modern ceramics are concentrated in about 20 “clusters” across the landscape. This causes a bit of productive intellectual tension on our project. Were these clusters of artifacts “sites” produced by our siteless survey? Where these sites real? Were they the product of unrelated and overlapping period-specific phenomena or did they actually represent significant places for people, communities, and material in the landscape? As a siteless survey project we were caught in an intellectual grey area situated between the site as an apparent reality of our distribution of material, the site as a central discursive element of Mediterranean archaeology, and the site as a methodologically constituted (and produced) result from certain archaeological practices from the gridded collection of early survey projects to excavation. In practical terms, we began to speak easily of “off site scatters” even though this kind of language tended to imply a methodological distinction between “on site” (typically gridded) and “off site” (typically produced by transect walking) that did not apply to our field work.

    IMG 2462

    This got us thinking about sites on our project and whether the use of the term simply represented a convenient shorthand for our evident concentrations of material or whether we should spend some serious thought about understanding how to talk about these “sites” in the landscape. As I have noted in an earlier post, we spent some time tracing period specific clusters of artifacts across the landscape and applying buffers of various sizes to produce assemblages that go beyond groups of units with particular periods present and tries to capture the larger material landscape (including surface conditions and other variable that impact artifact recovery). With this kind of analysis, our sites or concentrations of artifacts in our survey area become overlapping clusters of material shaped by past activities in the landscape and surface conditions.

    IMG 2674

    The careful study of the overlapping and interlacing period clusters could demonstrate, if not exactly continuity, at least general patterns in the way in which various assemblages drew upon (1) common contemporary aspects of the landscape (i.e. that impact recovery rates), (2) persistent features in the landscape (i.e. heights, resources, et c.), and (3) historical relationships through time (i.e. continuity, reuse, memory, et c.). Moreover and perhaps more importantly, I think we could integrate siteless survey with an approach that respects the discursive significance of sites in Classical archaeology by showing how our method both problematizes sites and defines them in new but commensurate ways. For WARP, sites could become space where surface conditions, historical processes, and topography, geology, geography, and other natural and cultural features intersect to produce archaeological visible and meaningful places. 

    IMG 2634

    In this ways, sites become true indicators of the limits of our method, windows into the diachronic use of the landscape, and spaces for problematizing interpretation rather than the functional results of interpretive processes.

    July 09, 2018

    Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

    Selezione comparativa per 15 incarichi nell’ambito del Catalogo Generale Beni culturali


    L’Istituto centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione ha indetto una procedura comparativa finalizzata al conferimento di quindici incarichi individuali di lavoro autonomo per lo svolgimento di attività inerenti il Catalogo generale dei beni culturali. Le domande dovranno pervenire entro le 18 del 13 luglio 2018. La graduatoria avrà validità 18 mesi dalla data di pubblicazione e potrà essere utilizzata per il conferimento di ulteriori incarichi, purché rispondenti ai medesimi profili professionali.