Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

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May 04, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Revue des études byzantines

[First posted in AWOL 17 December 2010. Updated 4 May 2016]

Revue des études byzantines
(259 Issues, 9021 Articles)
eISSN: 2261-060X
La Revue des études byzantines est l’unique revue française consacrée au monde byzantin. Elle fait suite aux Échos d’Orient (1897-1942), elle est éditée depuis 1943 et est ouverte à tous les chercheurs désirant publier travaux, études et notes portant sur les divers domaines de l’histoire et de la civilisation byzantine.
 The Revue des études byzantines is the only French journal entirely devoted to the Byzantine world. As a successor publication to the Échos d’Orient (1897-1942), it has been published since 1943 by the Institut français d’études byzantines (more details here). It is opened to all scholars wishing to publish studies and notes on various fields of Byzantine history and civilization. A 5-year restriction will be applied to online publication. Our N° 66 (2008) will be available in 2013. The access to previous years is free. Subscriptions to more recent, printed issues remain unchanged (publisher De Boccard). The Échos d’Orient will soon be digitalized and put on line on this website.

1897 - 1941 - Échos d'Orient







1943 - 1945 - Études byzantines

  • 1943
  • 1944
  • 1945

1946 - ... - Revue des études byzantines


  • 1946
  • 1947
  • 1948
  • 1949








Author Index

Open Access Index to Bibliotheca Orientalis

Bibliotheca Orientalis Index
Image result for bibliotheca orientalis
Looking for a review of a specific book? All book reviews, articles, and In Memoriams published in BiOr from start to present are listed in the digitised indexes. Download BiOr indexes 1943-2015 (pdf, ca. 30 MB) and use the search function in your pdf viewer.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2016: i temi delle sessioni dedicate ai beni culturali

Il Forum TECHNOLOGYforALL 2016 in programma dal 4 al 6 Ottobre 2016 a Roma nasce per presentare e promuovere le più innovative tecnologie e metodi impiegati oggi per monitorare, salvaguardare e gestire il territorio, i beni culturali e la smart city.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

What I learned this year…

The academic year is wrapping up this week at the lovely University of North Dakota. I try to take a little bit of time before the onslaught of grading commences to think about my classes and take some notes on what worked and what didn’t. I also tend to think of new, overwhelming, and complicated projects this time of year. Maybe it’s the looming start of all-consuming archaeological fieldwork season that frees my brain from the pressures of ongoing projects and deadlines. Maybe I just start to feel reborn as springtime spreads across Grand Forks.

Whatever the reason, here are my thoughts:

1. Untextbook. I got thinking that I might want to write an “untextbook” for faculty who are teaching introductory level courses in a active learning type classroom. Instead of presenting a body of content, this textbook would present a plan for managing student engagement with methods of researching, interpretation, and writing history. The result of a course that used my untextbook would be, a textbook produced by the students and demonstrating a mastery of basic historical skills.

I’m envisioning a untextbook made of 15 modules that introduce basic historical thinking skills, a primary source, and a writing exercise the contributes to the larger textbook project. Most of my experience in doing this or preparing this kind of book comes from my time teaching Western Civilization in UND’s Scale-Up classroom. There’s a publisher vaguely interested in at least having a conversation about the book. More on this over the next year or so, I suspect.

2. Totalizing versus Writing in Registers. Today I teach my last graduate historiography course, and our reading over the last month or so has me thinking about how we approach the larger project of history. I’ve tended to maintain, at least in my imagining of the past, that events, people, trends, and objects existed essentially in a kind of universal empty space. Arranging these things in this empty space allowed historians to make connections, trace causality, and construct totalizing narratives.

My students have kept nudging me to think of time and events a bit differently, and to think about the past in registers that do not imply clear connections between past phenomena. At the same time, thinking about the past as discontinuous does help us imagine presents and futures that are not the inevitable conclusion of the dense totality of past events. We can create new presents and futures by looking for ways to undermine the inevitability of history.

3. Stability versus Revision. It seems to me that academic life often revolves around the tension between conservative practices – following well-trod paths, embracing conventional wisdom, and resisting change – and the drive to do things in a different way, to push the limits, and to reject old ways of thinking. This year, there have been a ton of changes across campus spurred mostly by budget contingencies, and faculty have quickly adopted a bunker mentality and dug in. This is understandable because of the changes will not improve the life of faculty at UND or the quality of the university or student experience. Most of the budget cuts will make UND weaker and education at UND worth less to our students.

At the same time, I can’t help being excited about this kind of change. Maybe I was getting complacent, maybe I’m too young to realize how good the “good old days” were, maybe my life isn’t impacted enough by the budget cuts which have ruined careers, terminate programs, and created a sense of largely-unproductive tension across campus.

That being said, these budget changes have provoked me to rethink how I teach my classes. Maybe I could be more efficient and offer a bit less without compromising too much of what my classes are about. Maybe I can even do things in my daily life that save some money for UND and mitigate the impact of future cuts. Maybe I can even, in some cases, do more, and embrace contingency and find energy in the opportunity to reimagine what we do and use the urgency to regain some independence from folks who generally lack a threatening stick and now have lost funding as compelling carrot.  

Katy Meyers (Bones Don't Lie)

Reassessing Markers of Stress in Medieval London

An article popped up in my news feed yesterday. The title read: “Skeletal marker of physiological stress might indicate good, rather than poor, health“. The summary of the article stated […]

John Hessler (Warping History)

In Maudslay's Shadow: An Introduction to the 3D Imaging of Archaeological Objects

Philosophy is the theory of multiplicities, each of which is composed of actual and virtual elements. Purely actual objects do not exist. Every actual is surrounded by a cloud of virtual images.
                                                                                      --G. Deleuze, The Actual and the Virtual

 The Library of Congress’ Geography and Map Division is home to a large collection of Pre-Columbian archaeological artifacts donated by the collector Jay I. Kislak, many of which are on display as part of the Exploring the Early Americas exhibit in the Thomas Jefferson Building here in Washington, DC. The artifacts that make up the collection range in dates from the Olmec culture around 1000 BCE, to the classic period Maya (300-900 CE) and Aztec civilizations, including many objects that date from the period just before contact with the Spanish in the late 15th century.

As the Curator of the Jay I. Kislak Collection, I am always looking for new and innovative ways to make this group of archaeological artifacts more accessible to scholars and educators around the world, who cannot, for whatever reason, make the trip to Washington, DC. Those that can make the trip are always welcome to use the Kislak Study Collection, located in the Geography and Map Division, where the artifacts not currently on display in the gallery are stored.

One way that I am attempting to make the collection more available is through the use of three-dimensional imaging. In the case of material artifacts, two-dimensional images, while helpful, do not allow for the complete examination of an object and, moreover, can often distort its dimensionality and structure. In order to make proper attributions and comparisons with similar objects in other collections, it is critical for scholars who cannot examine an artifact in person to have realistic views “in the round” of what they are studying. To this end we have embarked on a series of experiments here at the Library of Congress that uses three-dimensional structure from motion imaging to reconstruct scaled and true to life models of the artifacts in our collection.

Structure from motion imaging is a complex technique that allows for the extraction of three-dimensional information not only from single objects, but also from the architectural features of buildings and ruins, or from landscapes, all derived from a series of two-dimensional images. The technique was developed for computer and robot vision and is the digital equivalent of the task that the brain and eye perform as we humans move through a three-dimensional world using two-dimensional projections[1]

Figure 1: Hollow Kneeling Male Figure, West Mexico, Jalisco, Terminal Pre-Classic Period, 200 BCE- 300 CE. Kislak Collection 0012. Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

I have called this short review of the techniques and applications of this type of imaging to archaeological objects, “In Maudslay’s Shadow,” in order to recall his use of the most up to date technology of photography in the late-19th century.  Alfred Maudslay (1850-1931), over the course of several decades and endless difficult journeys into the jungle took images of many of the most important Maya archaeological sites and inscriptions recently being unearthed in Central America[2]. Besides his photographs, which were critical to the decipherment of the then unreadable Maya script, he also made many three-dimensional casts of stela[3]. Maudslay’s images and models ushered in an amazing time of discovery in early American archaeology and revolutionized both the practice of both field and museum imaging[4]. For this reason, those of us trying to use new imaging technologies today stand in Maudslay’s long shadow.

Figure 2: Maudslay’s Photograph of Stela H, Copan, 1885,
Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress


Techniques and Examples

In principle the calculations required to do structure from motion imaging (SfM) are algorithmically complicated, and are related to photogrammetric techniques involved in sorting out the difficult geometry of remote sensing images of the earth and other planetary bodies taken from satellites.
To make a three-dimensional model of an archaeological object using SfM, a group of two-dimensional images are taken from a variety of vantage points and are processed through a pipeline of computer programs that create a three-dimensional dense point-cloud representing all the various surfaces that make up an artifact.

 Figure 3: To begin the process of SfM imaging a series of photographs are taken with a high-resolution digital camera from various vantage points. This process is done in order to get a complete set 2D images of the object from which point-correspondences are calculated and used to reconstruct the 3D object

The first step in any attempt to make three dimensional models from two dimensional photographs is the acquisition of the digital images themselves. As in all things computational the better the input data the better the resulting model. For Structure from Motion imaging the digital inputs must be taken by either rotating or walking around the object. Most of the images should be overlapping, and from a variety of angles, in order to ensure that the resulting point clouds cover the entire surface of the object that is being modeled. The images will be used to determine various key points, features and point correspondences used to generate the first sparse point cloud model of the object and are critical to all the calculations that follow.

There are many algorithms currently available that can calculate point correspondences which go by the generic name keypoint detectors. Perhaps the best, and the one used here is called SIFT (Scale Invariant Feature Transform) and was written and developed by David Lowe. SIFT is typically used for object recognition in computer vision and has many features important when trying to accomplish 3D reconstruction. The keypoints that are selected and matched across multiple images are invariant to scaling and other kinds of transformations like rotations allowing the algorithms to be used for uncalibrated camera images[5].  


Figure 4: Camera Positions and Key points output from VisualSfM


Figure 5: Output of calculation yielding camera position and initial 3D reconstruction for the Kislak Olmec Figurine

Figure 6: Image Matching Matrix

The exact matching of points across the series of digital images can be represented in a feature matching matrix that gives a visual sense of the connection between images. Typically SIFT will detect tens of thousands of features for even low resolution images and hundreds of thousands of stable points for a 10-15 megapixel image.

The actual process of making three-dimensional models using structure from motion consists of two parts. During the first, the computer examines the two-dimensional photographs and finds matching points in multiple images. The points are then used to calculate the actual position in space where each of the images was taken. Once the positions of each of images are known, the location of the points from all the images are plotted in space, yielding a dense reconstruction of the shape of the object that was photographed. The result is a point-cloud that is very similar to the kind of data one would extract from a laser scan of an object.

 In the case of the models being made here at the Library of Congress several different computer programs are being experimented with including VisualSfm developed by Changchang Wu while in the Department of Computer Science at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and who is currently at Google[6]. His program, from which the point cloud images shown above where reconstructed uses SIFT combined with a graphic processing unit (GPU) developed by Sudipta N. Sinha and others[7]

Reconstruction can be accomplished using as few as two images but multiple images yield much better results even though computationally more complex. Using multiple images one faces what is known as the structure and motion problem. Put succinctly the problem says:


In the case we are working with here the intrinsic parameters are unknown as the sequence of images we are working from is un-calibrated. This reduces to a problem in projective and epipolar geometry regarding the position of the camera when each of the images is taken and calculation of what is called the fundamental matrix of the camera, which relates those positions to the external geometry of the image.  The exact mathematical details of this are beyond this short review and the reader is referred to the excellent survey by Olivier Faugeras and Qunag-Tuan Luong[8].

Once the corresponding features have been identified across a large series of images the movement of the camera around the object is used in combination with its focal length to precisely reconstruct the original camera positions. This results in the kind of sparse point cloud shown in figures 5 and 6. Although this series of points gives a good impression of the objects 3d geometry it is insufficient for a metrically accurate and realistic reconstruction. 

Currently, there are many different approaches for generating what is known as a dense point cloud, which results in a more accurate 3D representation. As is obvious from its name, a ‘dense’ cloud is computationally more involved than the initial sparse cloud models.  One way to overcome this difficulty is to divide the task into smaller parts using Patch-based Multi-View Stereo (PMVS) algorithms. These algorithms are very efficient as they take the output from a structure from motion program like VisualSfM and decompose it into a set of clusters of manageable size.

The basic sequence of calculations performed by the programs being used here are as follows:
  1.   Extraction of key points and linking features from a group of 2D images
  2.      Image matching and calculation of the camera position at the time each of the images where taken
  3.      Sparse model reconstruction
  4.      Dense model reconstruction
  5.    Surface meshing and error compensation (bundle adjustment)

The last step of bundle adjustment is always the final problem to be overcome in any 3D reconstruction project. Bundle adjustment is an optimization procedure that attempts to reduce the noise associated with the various errors introduced in the various projection calculations. This noise is important because keypoint matching algorithms, like SIFT, may introduce errors between the image locations of observed and predicted points in the reconstruction.

Even though dense point clouds can give an aesthetically and visually pleasing impression of an actual 3D object, the calculated model will dissolve into its individual points at some scale when magnified. The 3D point cloud and model need to be further processed to make an interactive scaled and true-to-form model of the object by overlaying a polygonal mesh representing mathematically the artifact’s form. Polygonal meshes come in many shapes but are most commonly triangular[9], and depend on the smoothness of the surface being imaged[10].

The polygonal mesh reconstructs the surface of the object which approximates, sometimes to extreme accuracy, the shape and features of the original, continuous surface.  The newly emerging field of discrete differential geometry is allowing for faster computation of these meshes which can be quite large[11]. Current methods of surface reconstruction can be roughly divided into two different classes. The first, so-called sculpting methods, start with the convex hull of the entire point cloud, and proceed to remove pieces until the actual surface of the object has been reached.  The second method, termed region growing, starts with a minimal triangulation and keeps adding newer and denser triangles to the model until the desired level of realism is reached.

Many algorithms have been created to accomplish this task from simple Delaunay triangulation to Poisson Reconstruction[12], Marching Cubes[13]and Power Crust[14].

At the Library of Congress we are currently experimenting with a combination of programs developed by AutoCAD, such as 123D Catch and Meshmixer, to produce the mesh models shown in this paper[15].

Figure 7: Triangular Mesh Rendering of a three-dimensional model of the Kneeling Male Figure in Figure 1 

Besides the density of the triangular mesh, additional features are used to visualize the smoothness and texture of the surface. Techniques like specular shading, the use of lines of reflection, and what are called isophytes, or lines of constant illumination across the surface, help accentuate the three-dimensional data derived from the two-dimensional photographs. In some cases additional algorithms might be used to smooth the surface and de-noise the photographic data in order to fill holes or blend the surface curvature to improve the visualization of the artifact.
In technical terms these meshes are actually non-directed large graphs with many vertices and faces[16]. The model above for example contains more than 400,000 nodes at medium resolution and is a truly complex and discrete mathematical object.  The underlying mathematics of this re-construction relies on the geometry of digital spaces which has been developed, over the last decade or two, for the creation of realistic virtual and augmented reality experiences and for computer gaming applications[17].

Figure 8: Photo cluster of images surrounding a Seated Male Figure from the Olmec Middle Pre-Classic Period, 1100-500 BCE. This shows the locations at which each of the photos was taken relative to the object. Jay I. Kislak Collection, Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

The main difficulty associated with structure from motion imaging centers on solving a problem in projective and epipolar geometry. The solution relates all of the images taken of a particular object to each other by using common points and reference lines. This so-called, geometry of multiple images problem” is an active area of research in computer vision and is being applied increasingly to archaeological contexts[18]. Constructing these geometries allows for the scaling and reconstruction of models that can be measured and compared to other like archaeological artifacts.

Figure 9: Scaling and Measuring the Kneeling Figure shown above.
Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

Here in the Geography and Map Division we are just beginning our experiments using this technique with the hope that soon we shall be able to make three-dimensional, dynamic, and interactive models of the Kislak Collection available to scholars around the world who are interested in applying this exciting new technology to their research.

Figure 10: Three-Dimensional Model of Kislak Olmec Figurine 0155.
Jay I. Kislak Collection, Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.


Figure 11: Seated Olmec Figurine, Kislak Collection 0155, from the Middle Pre-Classic, 1000-500 BCE.
Jay I. Kislak Collection, Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.

 For full 3d Model click here... 

[1]For more on the process mathematics of structure from motion imaging and its relationship to the quickly evolving fields of computer and robotic vision see the works of Richard Hartley and Andrew Zimmerman, Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
[2]Alfred Maudslay, Biologia Centrali-Americana. Archaeology. 4 volumes and 16 fasicules of photographs (London: R.H.Porter, 1889-1902).
[3]Thomas Athol Joyce and Alfred Maudsaly, Guide to the Maudslay Collection of Maya Sculptures (casts and originals) from Central America, (London: British Museum, 1925).
[4]Ian Graham, Alfred Maudslay and the Maya: A Biography, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002).
[5]David G. Lowe, “Distinctive Image Features from Scale-Invariant Points,” International Journal of Computer Vision, 60, 2 (2004) 91-110. http://www.cs.ubc.ca/~lowe/papers/ijcv04.pdf 
[6]VisualSfMis available as an open source program at http://www.cs.unc.edu/~ccwu/siftgpu/and features both the integration of SIFT and a multicore bundle adjustment program http://www.cs.unc.edu/~ccwu/siftgpu/.
[7]Sudipta N. Sinha, Jan-Michael Frahm, Marc Pollefeys and Yakup Genc, “Feature Tracking and Matching in Video Using Programmable Graphics Hardware,” Machine Vision and Learning Applications, November 2007 and “GPU Based Video Feature Tracking and Matching, Technical Report 06-012, Department of Computer Science, UNC Chapel Hill, May 2006. http://cs.unc.edu/~ssinha/pubs/Sinha06TechReport.pdf

[8] Olivier Faugeras and Qunag-Tuan Luong, The Geometry of Multiple Images, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001)
[9]For more on mesh generation and geometric modeling see Mario Botsch, Geometric Modeling Based on Triangle Meshes. http://lgg.epfl.ch/publications/2006/botsch_2006_GMT_sg.pdf
[10]There are many different kinds of both isotroptic and anisotropic meshes being used in geometric modeling and computations, and many varieties of data structures used to keep track of them. For more on this see Mario Botsch, Plygon Mesh Processing (Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2010)  and the information found at
[11]Alexander I. Bobenko, Discrete Differential Geometry (Providence: American Mathematical Society, 2008)
[12]Michael Kazhdan, Matthew Bolitho and Hughes Hoppe, “Poisson Surface Reconstruction,” Proceedings of the Eurographics Symposium on Geometry Processing, 2006
[13]William E. Lorensen and Harvey E. Cline, ”Marching Cubes: a high-resolution 3d surface reconstruction algorithm,” Computer Graphics 21 (1987)
[14]Nina Amenta Sunghee, “The Power Crust ,unions of balls and medial axis transform,” Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications 19 (2000) 127-153
[15] The AutoCad group of 3D modeling programs can be found at http://www.123dapp.com/meshmixer.
[16]Bojan Mohar and Carstem Thomassen, Graphs on Surfaces, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001)
[17]Gabor T. Herman, Geometry of Digital Spaces, (Boston: Birkhauser, 1998)
[18]See Susie Green, Andrew Bevan and Michael Shapland, “A Comparative assessment of structure from motion methods for archaeological research, Journal of Archaeological Science 46 (2014) 173-181; Fabio Bruno, et.al, “From 3D reconstruction to virtual reality: A complete methodology for digital archaeological exhibition,” Journal of Cultural Heritage 11 (2010) 42-49; Benjamin Ducke, David Score and Joseph Reeves, “Multiview 3D reconstruction of the archaeological site at Weymouth from image series”, Computers and Graphics 35 (2011) 375-382.

SCARLET (Special Collections using Augmented Reality to Enhance Learning and Teaching)

IOT Smart London 2016: a reflection and applications in education

Following the Wearable Show that I attended last month in London, it was recommended that I attend the Internet of Things Smart London show. This introduced different and comprehensive forums around IoT and smart cities ranging from future technologies in IoT, business and strategies, Smart connectivity & locations service and smart applications, to big Data & Analytics, and Security of things. It was an invaluable opportunity for me to be inspired about the future of technologies and connected things.

I left the conference with a new knowledge and fresh perspectives about how the latest technologies could be applied to real life situations that I thought would be also applicable in education.

In my previous blog post, I wrote about how wearable technologies are bringing the biggest shift to our behaviors, making us more bonded with our devices and machines. Today we are carrying mobile phones and iPads everywhere, and increasingly we are adding to these with connected watches and glasses.

So what is the internet of things?

As its name suggests it is a limitless list of physical objects, connected through a network/ over wi-fi able to send and receive sensory data through embedded sensor and computing power.

Since 2008, the number of connected sensors to the internet exceeded the number of people on earth, throughout the show I realized that now the internet of things has reached a very exciting stage where it is able to save our lives, detect fraud and make customers more satisfied. Here are some examples of what I see as pioneering applications of IoT that could or already helping to make a difference to people’s quality of life, particularly in education and healthcare.

Assistive IoT technology for visually impaired people: 

 I was very impressed by the tools developed by Microsoft to empower visually impaired people to face their mobility challenges and difficulties.

Visually impaired people can use a Seeing Artificial intelligence app in their smartphones that function with Pivothead glasses while they are discovering the world around them. The glasses have a camera that transfers visual information into audio cues. In this video, you can see how a visually impaired person is now able to read the expressions of people around him, read what is in any restaurant’s menu using the Seeing AI app.

After this session by Microsoft, I realized more that the opportunities of IoT could be enormous in bringing together people, processes, data, and objects to make networked connection more valuable than before. It is incredible that we are now able to use Artificial Intelligence to interpret our emotions, passing it on to those who cannot see it and make them understand it.IMG_7148

Microsoft is using Cognitive services which is a collection of APIs that “allows the system to see, hear, speak, understand and interpret our needs using natural methods of communication”. If ever visually impaired students would be more motivated to engage in a collaborative discussion or activity, being able to read their colleagues’ facial expression and feedback throughout the discussion using such smart AI apps would certainly enable them to overcome many communication difficulties and make them feel equal in the conversation.

Wearble, devices and apps are good, but not enough!

Machine learning and Big Data are the giant leap forward in the IoT world. We have all seen that real things could become smart with more sensors and actuators connected to networks enabling sending and receiving that could be monitored remotely. However, in my view IoT applications can facilitate more personalized learning, able to glean deeper insight to us as individuals, using this knowledge to tailor our unique demands and needs.

In all of the talks I attended, machine learning and artificial intelligence was central and key. As the number of different types of IoT devices on the market is continuously growing, their variety leads to a higher and higher level of complexity in the IoT ecosystem, I believe AI and machine learning will be an essential component to achieve mainstream ubiquity through increased efficiency and productivity at enormous scale.

John Bates, the CEO of PLAT.ONE uses the example of Uber in his talk Thinglaytics and thignanomics: Disruptive IOT Business as a model that could be applied to other services to achieve real-time dynamic and cost-effective market. This is what John called it “Uberization”. Let’s say that we could have smart parking using smart traffic monitoring gate where the charge could be changed based on demand and traffic flow in the city!

The healthcare system could also use the same model interestingly to drastically improve its myriad of systems and save lives. Hospitals could be enabled to provide a level of care previously unimagined while reducing healthcare costs by “continuously analyzing locations, vital signs, drugs administrated, room sensors and many other knots and personalizing them to the medical situation” as John said.IMG_7168

Applications of IoT’s in healthcare could be really revolutionary, it could allow elders to stay in their homes and keep them from making unnecessary trips to the hospital. It is amazing if we could have a subscription based IoT-enabled monitoring at home that could give insights about elders’ daily activities at their homes. With the costs of sensors continue to drop down, and the technologies become more and more viable, the more monitoring devices will be an integral part of the patient’s daily life.

If data about our body and how it works could be streamed and analyzed continuously, doctors could be able to get alerts when you are likely to suffer a massive heart attack based on our heart rate, blood pressure and temperature. Surely, this would lead to get a better quality of life?IMG_7169

Big Data and Streaming Analytics:

With the increasing use of sensors and the massive amount of data generated every second about everyone’s life and activity, Mike Guiltier considered machine learning to be the brain for any IoT, but what he sees is also very powerful to achieve personalization is big data and streaming analytics which become mature enough to be used in any enterprise.


One of the projects Jisc is pioneering is learning analytics which will have already consume big data sets and streaming statistical inputs from students and institutions. If we could have an infrastructure that enables real time analytics, we would have so many big data analytics opportunities that will help in supporting each student’s individualised/ personalised learning.  Connected classrooms could be the future with smart IoT where students and teachers will be able to communicate across countries, get access to materials tailored to their needs that might be used in other schools or even districts.

Mike suggested that “enterprises must act on a range of perishable insights to get value from IoT data”. If using that we could envision how educational institutions could have timely insight and interventions to overcome challenges they are facing with the student experience.

IoT and gamification:

 This is true personalized learning experience achieved at scale and only made possible by AI integrated with a gamifieid tool to change people’s behaviors.  The smart Kolibrees’ multi-faceted software is used to educate children through a game about the how to brush their teeth and was able to transform the way they do it .

The game has 3D motion sensors to track movements of brushing behaviours which are tracked and checked by parents to see how well children have brushed.

The more data the system have on children’s brushing habits, the more reliable and accurate the software is. The game’s reward system encourages children to improve their habits based on gamification principles.

what is powerful about this is that brushing data obtained is made available via an open API to feed to  third party game designers who is able to develop new apps and add more fun components to further enhance brushing time.

In schools, the potential of gamified IoT is great is in maximising engagement while enabling real-time interaction and feedback that help shape user’s behaviour and deliver emotional rewards that encourage on-going engagement.

Let’s say we could use Neurosensors in schools during particular activities to provide insight into students’ cognitive activity using EEG technology that measures brain activity. This would allow teachers to dedicate more attention to students who need it not just for those who ask for support.


Focus headband used for gamers uses trace amount of electrical current to stimulate the prefrontal cortex, producing positive short-term effect in playing ability by Foc.us Labs 

Furthermore, with AI, gamification elements could be personalised depending on how the student is motivated to enhance deep understanding of difficult concepts and have fun learning about it at the same time.

Considerations to bear in mind: IoT security and privacy and data protection:

Discussions about security and privacy issues was prevalent in the show and this is very necessary I suppose. with more devices become connected to different objects in our houses, bodies and workplace, IoT security becomes more complex.

I totally agree that when using and adopting IoT in different areas such as healthcare and education, there are a lot of issues to to do with privacy and data protection and information security that if not considered properly could raise questions to confidentiality, integrity and availability of information.

However, to some, it is also fear of new technologies that is not new. Fear of using new tech always exists. We all were frightened to submit our credit card information while now it is something we do not really think about as much.

I think it is important that we understand that it is not the technology that increases risks for privacy, security and data protection, however, it is the way it is used and applied.

To deal with these challenges, i believe in building trust in our digital world that could make us more confident when adopting and using new technologies.

  • A lot of information about data protection principles and privacy policies need to be stated clearly and translated to the end user. For example, the purpose of processing personal data and how it is processed need to be identified for the owner of the data.
  • Designers of IoT can do a lot if they keep in mind security issues earlier in the development and design stage of  any IoT project.
  • If we need to achieve that, we also need to empower people through involving them in making decisions about who owns the data and have control over it, how the data is shared and with which party, what elements to connect, and how to interact with other digital users and technology providers. This is what could build transparency and confidence to ensure trust and safety in my point of view. As it is suggested in the event, “eventually nobody is going to own personal data- there’s just going to be permissions and relevant questions”.

Available Online

Some articles on the benfeits of open data for citation rates

Piwowar HA, Vision TJ. (2013) Data reuse and the open data citation advantage.PeerJ 1:e175  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.175

Conclusion. After accounting for other factors affecting citation rate, we find a robust citation benefit from open data, although a smaller one than previously reported. We conclude there is a direct effect of third-party data reuse that persists for years beyond the time when researchers have published most of the papers reusing their own data. Other factors that may also contribute to the citation benefit are considered.

We further conclude that, at least for gene expression microarray data, a substantial fraction of archived datasets are reused, and that the intensity of dataset reuse has been steadily increasing since 2003.


Piwowar HA, Day RS, Fridsma DB (2007) Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased Citation Rate. PLoS ONE 2(3): e308.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000308

Sharing research data provides benefit to the general scientific community, but the benefit is less obvious for the investigator who makes his or her data available.

We examined the citation history of 85 cancer microarray clinical trial publications with respect to the availability of their data. The 48% of trials with publicly available microarray data received 85% of the aggregate citations.

Publicly available data was significantly (p = 0.006) associated with a 69% increase in citations, independently of journal impact factor, date of publication, and author country of origin using linear regression.


Belter CW (2014) Measuring the Value of Research Data: A Citation Analysis of Oceanographic Data Sets. PLoS ONE 9(3): e92590.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092590

Evaluation of scientific research is becoming increasingly reliant on publication-based bibliometric indicators, which may result in the devaluation of other scientific activities – such as data curation – that do not necessarily result in the production of scientific publications. This issue may undermine the movement to openly share and cite data sets in scientific publications because researchers are unlikely to devote the effort necessary to curate their research data if they are unlikely to receive credit for doing so.

This analysis attempts to demonstrate the bibliometric impact of properly curated and openly accessible data sets by attempting to generate citation counts for three data sets archived at the National Oceanographic Data Center.

My findings suggest that all three data sets are highly cited, with estimated citation counts in most cases higher than 99% of all the journal articles published in Oceanography during the same years. I also find that methods of citing and referring to these data sets in scientific publications are highly inconsistent, despite the fact that a formal citation format is suggested for each data set.

These findings have important implications for developing a data citation format, encouraging researchers to properly curate their research data, and evaluating the bibliometric impact of individuals and institutions


Pienta, Amy M.; Alter, George C.; Lyle, Jared A. (2010) The Enduring Value of Social Science Research: The Use and Reuse of Primary Research Data  http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78307

Abstract : The goal of this paper is to examine the extent to which social science research data are shared and assess whether data sharing affects research productivity tied to the research data themselves. We construct a database from administrative records containing information about thousands of social science studies that have been conducted over the last 40 years.

Included in the database are descriptions of social science data collections funded by the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health. A survey of the principal investigators of a subset of these social science awards was also conducted.

We report that very few social science data collections are preserved and disseminated by an archive or institutional repository. Informal sharing of data in the social sciences is much more common. The main analysis examines publication metrics that can be tied to the research data collected with NSF and NIH funding – total publications, primary publications (including PI), and secondary publications (non-research team).

Multivariate models of count of publications suggest that data sharing, especially sharing data through an archive, leads to many more times the publications than not sharing data. This finding is robust even when the models are adjusted for PI characteristics, grant award features, and institutional characteristics


Bertil Dorch. On the Citation Advantage of linking to data: Astrophysics. 2012.  <hprints-00714715v2>

Abstract : This paper present some indications of the existence of a Citation Advantage related to linked data, using astrophysics as a case. Using simple measures, I find that the Citation Advantage presently (at the least since 2009) amounts to papers with links to data receiving on the average 50% more citations per paper per year, than the papers without links to data.

A similar study by other authors should a cumulative effect after several years amounting to 20%. Hence, a Data Sharing Citation Advantage seems inevitable.


Edwin A. Henneken, Alberto Accomazzi (2011) Linking to Data – Effect on Citation Rates in Astronomy.  http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.3618

Abstract: Is there a difference in citation rates between articles that were published with links to data and articles that were not? Besides being interesting from a purely academic point of view, this question is also highly relevant for the process of furthering science. Data sharing not only helps the process of verification of claims, but also the discovery of new findings in archival data.

However, linking to data still is a far cry away from being a “practice”, especially where it comes to authors providing these links during the writing and submission process. You need to have both a willingness and a publication mechanism in order to create such a practice.

Showing that articles with links to data get higher citation rates might increase the willingness of scientists to take the extra steps of linking data sources to their publications. In this presentation we will show this is indeed the case: articles with links to data result in higher citation rates than articles without such link

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Il Trekker di Google ad Agrigento: presto su Street View la Valle dei Templi

Sono iniziate in questi giorni, presso il sito archeologico della Valle dei Templi di Agrigento, uno dei maggiori complessi archeologici del Mediterraneo, le operazioni di mappatura fotografica di Google Street View, l’evoluzione di Google Maps che consente di esplorare il mondo attraverso fotografie panoramiche scattate a livello stradale.

Anastilosi virtuale e realtà aumentata per l’Arco di Tito al Circo Massimo.

Il convegno Il Circo Massimo: scavi, indagini e ricostruzioni (2009-2016) è un evento gratuito che si terrà presso l'Auditorium dell’Ara Pacis il 9 maggio 2016 alle ore 9:00, organizzato dalla Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali in collaborazione con il Dipartimento di Architettura dell’Università degli Studi Roma Tre, e l’Ispra. Nel corso della giornata alla presenza del Sovrintendente Capitolino ai Beni Culturali Claudio Parisi Presicce si alterneranno interventi di architetti ed archeologi per presentare i risultati del lavoro di scavo, studio e ricostruzione dell’emiciclo del Circo Massimo.

Quinto convegno annuale dell’AIUCD, a tema le edizioni digitali

Il quinto convegno annuale dell’AIUCD - Associazione per l'Informatica Umanistica e la Cultura Digitale, si svolgerà dal 7 al 9 Setttembre 2016 presso l'Aula Magna S. Trentin, Ca’ Dolfin, Dorsoduro 3825/e a Venezia sul tema "Edizioni digitali: rappresentazione, interoperabilità, analisi del testo e infrastrutture". Il convegno AIUCD 2016 è dedicato alla rappresentazione e allo studio del testo sotto vari punti di vista (risorse, analisi, infrastrutture di pubblicazione), con lo scopo di far dialogare intorno al testo filologi, storici, umanisti digitali, linguisti computazionali, logici, informatici e ingegneri informatici.

On-line le linee guida SASMAP per la salvaguardia dei siti archeologici subacquei

Sono ora disponibili on-line le due linee guida realizzate nell’ambito del progetto europeo SASMAP Tools and Techniques to Survey, Assess, Stabilise, Monitor and Preserve Underwater Archaeological Sites di cui l’Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro è stato partner.

May 03, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Orbis Latinus Online (OLO) beta

Orbis Latinus Online (OLO) beta
Orbis Latinus Online (OLO) is based on the three-part print publication of Orbus Latinus from 1972.
This online resource allows you to find the modern equivalent of latin place names, as well as the latin names of modern places. "Modern" is relative, because the geographical descriptors may date back to the original time of writing. More information on this may be found in the editorial notice of the digitised version of Orbus Latinus at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich.

In OLO, every record has a link to the item in the digitalised copy of Orbus Latinus. This enables you to check each record with the original. All place-names have been automatically geo-referenced with coordinates that allow the places to be located on a map. The manual checking of the automatically generated coordinates is still in progress.

In our GeoWiki you can register as a user, provide new suggestions and evaluate the accuracy of existing entries. The rating (1-5 stars) allows you to see if the coordinates have already been manually checked by an OLO user. We're always happy to receive feedback!
  Orbis Latinus Online (OLO) basiert auf der dreibändigen Druckausgabe von Orbis Latinus aus dem Jahr 1972.

Sie können sowohl die modernen Ortsnamen zu lateinischen Namen recherchieren oder die lateinischen Schreibweisen moderner Orte. "Modern" ist relativ, da die geografischen Bezeichnungen denen der Druckfassung entsprechen. Hierzu mehr in der editorischen Notiz zur digitalisierten Version des Orbis Latinus (BSB München).

Auf dieses Digitalisat sind auch jeweils die einzelnen Einträge in OLO verlinkt, um eine Kontrolle am Original zu ermöglichen. Alle Orte wurden automatisiert georeferenziert, d.h. es wurden Koordinaten zugeordnet, die eine Lokalisierung auf einer Karte erlauben. Die händische Überprüfung der generierten Koordinaten dauert an.

Über das GeoWiki kann man als registrierte/r Benutzer/in eigene Vorschläge unterbreiten, bzw. existierende Einträge bewerten. Der Bewertung (1-5 Sternchen) können Sie auch entnehmen, ob die Koordinaten bereits von uns bzw. einem Mitglied von OLO überprüft wurden. Gerne nehmen wir Feedback entgegen!
  • Currently 140.000 Latin Place Names and 40.000 Modern Place Names
  • Based 1:1 on 1972 Ed. Of Orbis Latinus (3 Vols)
  • Links to printed Version
  • Multi-Language Web-GUI
  • Webservices via XML
  • Search Place Name: Latin - Modern | Modern - Latin
  • (Semi-) Autogenerated Coordinates
  • Embedded Map: Google Maps/Open Street Maps (OSM)
  • Plus "Geo-Wiki"-Extension
Project overview <PDF>
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Open Access Journal: Classical Tradition eJournal

[First posted in AWOL 24 October 2014, updated 3 May 2016]

Classical Tradition eJournal

This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts having a primary focus on the reception of Greek and Roman literature, philosophy and civilization in the post-Classical world. Additional subcategories and/or subdivisions of them will be added as appropriate. 

Click here to Browse our Electronic Library to view our archives of abstracts and associated full text papers published in this journal.

Classical Tradition eJournal Advisory Board Click on the individual's name below to view the editor or advisory board member's author home page.
Andrew L. Ford Carin M. Green Judith Evans Grubbs Dirk Obbink Josiah Ober Andrew M. Riggsby Ruth S. Scodel
Recent Contributions

Incl. Electronic PaperCulture Theory Matters
C. S. Herrman
Date Posted: March 10, 2016
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperFrom Rome to the Restatement: S.P. Scott, Fred Blume, Clyde Pharr, and Roman Law in Early Twentieth-Century America
Law Library Journal, Vol. 108:1 (2016-3) Forthcoming
Timothy G. Kearley
University of Wyoming College of Law
Date Posted: February 27, 2016
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic Paperمنهجيّة الفكر الإسلامي في تخطيط المدينة العربية الإسلامية (ابن أبي الربيع أنموذجا) (Methodology of Islamic Thought in the Planning of Arab-Islamic City (Ibn Abi Al-Rabi Model))
Khlaif Mustafa Gharaybeh
Al-Balqa Applied University
Date Posted: December 02, 2015
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic Paperالفنـدق البيئـي(الإيكولودج): مفهومه، وتصميمه، وإدارته، وتقييم أثره البيئي (دراســة نظريّــة في جغرافية العمران) Ecologe Its Concepts, Designs, Management and Evaluate Environmental Impact (Theoretical Study in Urban Geography)
Khlaif Mustafa Gharaybeh
Al-Balqa Applied University
Date Posted: December 02, 2015
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperCorpus Dionysiacum Slavicum
ΣΧΟΛΗ (Schole) 2.1 (2008) 99-115,
Eugene Afonasin
Novosibirsk State University - Centre for Ancient Philosophy and the Classical Tradition
Date Posted: June 08, 2015
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperMarchetto of Padua's Theory of Modal Ranges
Jay Rahn
York University
Date Posted: May 31, 2015
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperAntiquarianism as Genealogy: Arnaldo Momigliano's Method
History and Theory 53.2 (2014): 212-233.
Rebecca Gould

Date Posted: January 12, 2015
Last Revised: February 24, 2015
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperKlioszientistische Studien (Clioscientific Studies)
Hans W. Giessen
Date Posted: October 04, 2014
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Constitutional Thought of Alexander Hamilton
CONSTITUTIONS AND THE CLASSICS, Denis Galligan, ed., Oxford, 2014, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-15
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: May 07, 2014
Last Revised: November 04, 2014
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperLas Actividades De Trabajo En Grupo En Un Entorno Tecnológico: El Caso De Las Lenguas Clásicas (The Group Work Activities in a Technological Environment: The Case of Classical Languages)
Revista de Estudios Latinos (RELat) 9, 2009, 209-234
Cristóbal Macías Villalobos
University of Malaga
Date Posted: July 10, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperPlotinus’ Views on Soul, Suicide, and Incarnation
Schole 3.2, 387–400,
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: April 16, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperMeasuring Finley's Impact
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Date Posted: April 01, 2013
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Rousseau's Use of Plato's Laws in the Letter to D’Alembert
American Dialectic, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-43, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-11
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: February 10, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperHomer in the Renaissance: The Troy Stories
Jose Angel Garcia Landa
Universidad de Zaragoza
Date Posted: December 14, 2012
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperAristote et Perelman: L’Ancienne et la Nouvelle Rhétorique (Aristotle and Perelman: Ancient Rhetoric and New Rhetoric)
Giovanni Damele
Universidade Nova de Lisboa - Instituto de Filosofia da Linguagem
Date Posted: December 02, 2012
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Plato’s Laws as an Introduction to Rousseau’s Letter to D’Alembert
American Dialectic, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2012, pp. 216-249, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 12-65
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: October 03, 2012
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Parthenon Sculptures and Cultural Justice
Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 23
Derek Fincham

Date Posted: August 19, 2012
Last Revised: April 11, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperOn the Proto-Indo-European Language of the Indus Valley Civilization (and Its Implications for Western Prehistory)
The Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization: New Perspectives (Essays in Honor of Dr. S.R. Rao) (2014)
Robin Bradley Kar
University of Illinois College of Law
Date Posted: August 06, 2012
Last Revised: August 06, 2014
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Portrayal of Socrates by Damascius
Phronimon, 7 (1) 45-54, 2006
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: August 04, 2012
Last Revised: July 15, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Wandering Soul in Plato and Cavafy
Skepsis, XVI, i-ii, 106-114, 2005
Androniki Kalogiratou
Capital Product Partners L.P.
Date Posted: August 03, 2012
Last Revised: July 15, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperProlegomenon to an Ethically Grounded Management Theory
Mitchell Langbert
Brooklyn College
Date Posted: June 18, 2012
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperJustice and the Cultural Heritage Movement: Using Environmental Justice to Appraise Art and Antiquities Disputes
20 Va. J. Soc. Pol’y & L. 43 (2012),
Derek Fincham

Date Posted: March 22, 2012
Last Revised: March 27, 2013
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperIslamic Atomism and the Galenic Tradition
History of Science, Vol. 47, pp. 277- 295, 2009
Tzvi Langermann
Bar-Ilan University
Date Posted: February 22, 2012
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperGreatness of Soul and the Souls of Women: Rousseau’s Use of Plato’s Laws
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 11-54
Nelson Lund
George Mason University School of Law
Date Posted: December 17, 2011
Last Revised: August 24, 2012
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperRamsay MacMullen’s Portrait of Rome Begs the Question: Does the Ninety-Nine Percent have Parallels in History?
DiMarkco Stephen Chandler
Claremont Graduate University
Date Posted: December 12, 2011
Last Revised: January 03, 2012
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Relevance of Intellectual Historian Herbert J. Muller and the Greeks in Asia Minor
DiMarkco Stephen Chandler
Claremont Graduate University
Date Posted: April 19, 2011
Last Revised: December 27, 2011
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperWhy Wicked Never Wins: An Examination of the Early Origins of the Evil Female Villain of the Fairy Tale Narrative
Priti Nemani, J.D.
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: April 12, 2011
Last Revised: September 10, 2011
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperUnlimited Growth and Innovation: Paradise or Paradox?
Andrew J. Sutter

Date Posted: November 16, 2010
Last Revised: November 20, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperCollecting Culture and the British Museum
Curator: The Museum Journal, Vol. 49, No. 449, 2006

Date Posted: August 21, 2010
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperIntroduction to 'Generare in Comune' - Theories and Representations of Hybridization in Ancient Folk Zoology
Pietro Edoardo Li Causi
University of Palermo
Date Posted: May 22, 2010
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic Paper'This Barbarous Habit': Nineteenth Century Reactions to Classical Placenames in Central N. Y.
David M. Pollio
Christopher Newport University
Date Posted: May 17, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Clades Variana and the Third Reich
David B. Cuff
University of Toronto
Date Posted: May 17, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperOn the Editio Princeps of Statius’ Epics
Harald Anderson
Date Posted: May 16, 2010
Last Revised: May 28, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperJosef Kavalier's Odyssey: Epic Echoes in Chabon's The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay
Daniel Levine
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: May 04, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperReflections of Catullus 38 in Allen Ginsberg's ‘Malest Cornifici Tuo Catullo’
Alan Corn

Date Posted: April 29, 2010
Last Revised: May 15, 2010
Working Paper Series

Aristotle's Ethics and Lincoln's Life: the Tragedy, Liberation and Irony of Practical Wisdom
Western Political Science Association 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Marc Sable
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 29, 2010
Working Paper Series

Reflections on Responsibility: Thucydides and Grote
Western Political Science Association 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Arlene W Saxonhouse
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Date Posted: March 29, 2010
Working Paper Series

2011 Lambda Classical Caucus Panel - Title of Panel: Ancient 'Unspeakable Vices' and Modern Pedagogy: Talking About Homosexuality in Classical Antiquity in the 21st Century Academy
Konstantinos Nikoloutsos
American Philological Association
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series

Postcolonial Latin American Adaptations of Greek and Roman Drama
Konstantinos Nikoloutsos
American Philological Association
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Children of Orpheus: How Composers Receive Ancient Texts
Robert Cary Ketterer
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 14, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperDemocracy and Antigone
Stetson Law Review, Vol. 39, p. 3, 2009
Ruthann Robson
CUNY School of Law
Date Posted: March 11, 2010
Last Revised: April 18, 2010
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperNew World Classics: Receptions of Antiquity for Modern Children
Sheila Murnaghan
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: March 11, 2010
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperClassical Influences on the Law and Politics of the French Revolution
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION, Anthony Grafton, Glenn Most, Salvatore Settis, eds., Harvard, 2009
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: July 23, 2009
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperClassical Influences on the American Founding Fathers
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION, Anthony Grafton, Glenn Most, Salvatore Settis, eds., Harvard, 2009, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-20
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: July 22, 2009
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperEditing the Nation: Classical Scholarship in Greece Ca. 1930
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 010803
Constanze Güthenke
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: July 01, 2009
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperModern Histories of Ancient Greece: Genealogies, Contexts and Eighteenth-Century Narrative Historiography
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 020805
Giovanna Ceserani
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Date Posted: July 01, 2009
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThucydides and the Invention of Political Science
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110515
Josiah Ober
Stanford University - Department of Classics
Date Posted: June 30, 2009
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperSpartacus Before Marx
Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110516
Brent Shaw
Princeton University - Department of Classics
Date Posted: June 29, 2009
Working Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Influence on Marcus Tullius Cicero on Modern Legal and Political Ideas
Ciceroniana, the Atti of Colloquium Tullianum Anni, MMVIII
Mortimer Newlin Stead Sellers
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Date Posted: June 05, 2009
Accepted Paper Series

Incl. Electronic PaperThe Image of Love (La Imagen Del Amor)
Iliana Restrepo
Jorge Tadeo Lozano University
Date Posted: January 11, 2009
Working Paper Series

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Digital Humanities and the New Liberal Arts

In a productive coincidence, there was a provocative published in the Los Angeles Review of Books that subjected the Digital Humanities to rather pointed criticism aligning the darling of tech-savvy humanists, granting agencies, and university administrators everywhere with the dreaded neoliberal bugbear of our age. In short, the authors associated the rise of the Digital Humanities with the emergence of the corporatized university, vocational, tool-based education in the humanities, and decline of the traditional emphasis in the humanities on interpreting and engaging texts. I’m sure my colleagues in the #DH world will pull this article apart, but it’s hard to ignore as a good start to an important conversation. 

At this same time, my colleague, Tom Isern, down at North Dakota State University announced on Facebook that he’s working on a talk on the liberal arts to be delivered at an upcoming higher education confab here in North Dakota. The latter prompted me to think about what a forward-looking liberal arts would be (a la the New Liberal Arts), and the former provided me with a nice critical foil against which to imagine the humanities (and the larger liberal arts) in the 21st century. I think I want to write something about that in the late summer or fall. For now I have random thoughts.

1. Backward to a Future. This semester, I’ve particularly enjoyed reading Hayden White, Marshall Salins, and Dipesh Chakrabarty with my graduate historiography students. We’ve pushed each other to think about how the kinds of pasts we imagine shape and reflect the future we desire. As I’ve started to think critically about the future of the humanities and the liberal arts (more broadly), it’s hard to avoid the conclusion that the current state of higher education is as much the culmination of a long-standing conversation in the humanities (that has insisted on a kind of practical relevance) as well as pressures from outside the academy to make higher education relevant to the economic (and political) needs of the community (and our stakeholders).

In other words, I wonder whether looking back to understand the liberal arts may not help us escape our current bind, where the humanities are not seen as significant to a 21st century view of higher education that is pushing universities to declare the direct impact of their programs on the economic future of the country. Can we imagine a future for the humanities that is free from discussions of methods and methodology, disciplines and professionalism, and outcomes? As someone who teaches historical methods, has published on archaeological methodology, and has thought (critically? naively?) about technology in archaeology, I feel like most of these conversations are essential co-terminus with the emergence of the humanities as a thing within the context of higher education. The seeds of so much of our current university system came not from outside academia, but from the very processes of creating academia. 

2. Integrating and Disintegrating. Part of the challenge that I face teaching historical methods and graduate history, in general, is how much do I push my students simply to try to make sense of the past versus spending time teaching discipline specific methods which range from the pedestrian (this is how we fooooootnooottteeeee) to the elusive (how do we read between the lines of the text) and practical (relational databases, GIS, et c.). The former approach is close to the heart of the discipline and evokes Mommsen’s famous advice that students in history should learn languages and, maybe, a little law. For Mommsen the key to writing good history is carefully and slowly reading texts. I want my students to be able to read a text, understand it, and draw their own conclusions from an intimate relationship with the words on the page.

For our students and our situation, this is much more challenging. Mommsen’s students were preparing for work as teachers, historians, maybe clerks, in a text based world. While I’d contend that our world is still – and maybe more so – dominated by text, our students are expected to have far more granular skill sets at their disposal. There is tremendous pressure to dis-integrate disciplinary knowledge into a set of discrete skills. While big picture skills like reading, critical thinking, information literacy, and writing remain important and, we’re told, “in demand,” skills in data management, software, programing languages, formal editing, public history skills (museum design, accounting, marketing, graphic design, et c.), audio and video recording and production, are all part of a larger package of assets that our students both want and our administrators hope that we can develop within a disciplinary context. The rise of public history programs, for example, is a direct response to pressures to develop a degree with clear and explicit skills that can be dis-integrated and “sold separately” to employers.  

3. Disciplines and their Discontents. If integration and dis-integration of skills represents a constant pressure on how we justify our practice in the classroom and in our disciplines, there is the equal pressure to dissipate and disintegrate disciplinary learning and research across the curriculum. If disciplines are being pushed to identify and develop particular skills so that they can market their graduates outside of the academy, we are also being asked to market our disciplines within the university as the industrial model of higher education reaches its natural conclusion. Each course in the each discipline must fulfill a clear and obvious function in the education of our undergraduate consumers and in the research portfolio of the university in general. At the same time, each discipline needs to articulate itself as a distinct set of skills to justify the qualifications of its graduates for work in a putative “skills-based” world.

Disciplines and their institutional analogues – namely the department – find an increasingly awkward fit with the complex and contradictory rhetoric of higher education. The cynic in me sees much of this rhetoric as a way to undermine the authority of the department within the university administration. Departments – in general – serve as the point of contact between the administration and faculty and faculty governance is most frequently manifest at the departmental level. Efforts to undercut disciplines and departments are a method to undercut faculty authority. At the same time, our own efforts at justifying our discipline and departments often result in appeals to methods that date to the earliest days of the modern university. The development of disciplinary specific methods and skills then serve the purpose of dis-integrating disciplinary knowledge.

The Signal: Digital Preservation

The Harvard Library Digital Repository Service

This is a guest post by Julie Seifert.

Photo of The Charles River between Boston and Cambridge.

The Charles River between Boston and Cambridge. Photo by Julie Seifert.

As part of the National Digital Stewardship Residency, I am assessing the Harvard Library Digital Repository Service, comparing it to the ISO16363 standard for trusted digital repositories (which is similar to TRAC). The standard is made up of over 100 individual metrics that address various aspects of a repository, everything from financial planning to ingest workflows.

The Harvard Digital Repository Service provides long-term preservation and access to materials from over fifty libraries, archives and museums at Harvard. It’s been in production for about fifteen years. The next generation of the DRS, with increased preservation capabilities, was recently launched, so this is an ideal time to evaluate the DRS and consider how it might be improved in the future. I hope to identify areas needing new policies and/or documentation and, in doing so, help the DRS improve its services. The DRS staff also hope to eventually seek certification as a trusted digital repository and this project will prepare them.

When I started the project, my first step was to become familiar with the ISO16363 standard. I read through it several times and tried to parse out the meaning of the metrics. Sometimes this was straightforward and I found the metric easy to understand. For others, I had to read through a few times before I fully understood what the metric was asking for. I also found it helpful to write down notes about what they meant and put it in my own words. I read about other people’s experiences performing audits, which was  very helpful and gave me some ideas about how to go about the process. In particular, I found David Rosenthal’s blogs posts about the CLOCKSS self-audit helpful, as they used the same standard, ISO16363.

Screen shot of an Excel spreadsheet.

By Julie Seifert

Inspired by the CLOCKSS audit, I created a Wiki with a different page for each metric. On these pages, I copied the text from the standard and included space for my notes. I also created an Excel sheet to help track my findings. In the Excel sheet, I gave each metric its own row and , in that row, a column about documentation and a column that linked to the Wiki. (I blogged more about the organization process.)

I reviewed the DRS documentation, interviewed staff members about metrics and asked them to point me to relevant documentation. I realized that many of the actions required by the metric were being performed at Harvard but these actions and policies weren’t documented. Everyone in the organization knew that they happened but sometimes no one had written them down. In my notes, I indicated when something was being done but not documented versus when something was not being done at all. I used a Green, Yellow, Red color scheme in the Excel sheet for the different metrics, with yellow indicating things that were done but not documented.

The assessment was the most time-consuming part.  In thinking about how to best summarize and report on my findings, I am looking for commonalities among the gap areas. It’s possible that many of the gaps are similar and several gaps could be filled with a single piece of documentation. For example, many of the “yellow” areas have to do with ingest workflows, so perhaps a single document about this workflow could fill all these gaps at once. I hope that finding the commonalities among the gaps can help the DRS fill these gaps most effectively and efficiently.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

WikiMuseums: programma dell'evento dedicato a open data e musei

Il 5 e 6 Maggio 2016 presso il Museo Pignatelli di Napoli si terrà l'evento "Wikimuseums, a proposito di musei e open data" organizzato da BAM! Strategie Culturali in collaborazione con il Polo museale della Campania e grazie al supporto del bando “Le Sfide delle Città” promosso dall’Ambasciata del Regno dei Paesi Bassi a Roma.

ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

“So it is Written, So it Shall be Done:” The Ten Commandments at 60

Who was Moses and what was the Exodus? The Book of Exodus contains 40 chapters but the very human desire to express these narratives in imagery has been evident for millennia [...]

The post “So it is Written, So it Shall be Done:” The Ten Commandments at 60 appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

The Stoa Consortium

Workshop Digital Classics (Freiburg, Jun 30–Jul 1, 2016)

WORKSHOP: Digital Classics: Editing, Interpreting, Teaching
Thursday, 30th June 2016, and Friday, 1st July 2016.
Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Germany

This workshop, sponsored by the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Germany, is part of the project “Der digital turn in den Altertumswissenschaften: Wahrnehmung – Dokumentation – Reflexion“ (Dr Stelios Chronopoulos, PD Dr Felix K Maier, Dr Anna Novokhatko).

Digital tools and technologies have led to significant changes in Classics during the past 10 to 15 years. Methods and scientific practice have been adjusted, both to adapt to the new environment and to open up novel possibilities. In the course of these transitions it is essential to discuss changes and consequences that will affect teaching, researching and publishing in Classics.

A conference, taking place from the 30th June to the 1st July, will address these questions: three groups of experts (organized in three panels) will discuss three major topics in Digital Classics. The first day of the conference will be internal work closed to public. The second day will be a public discussion where the results of each group will be presented. This discussion starts at 10.00am on Friday (1st July) and will end at 5.00pm (University of Freiburg, KGI 2004 and 3024, updates on www.texte-messen.uni-freiburg.de).

The three panels will be:

1) Digital Tools for Teaching Classics: Dr Marco Büchler (Göttingen), Dr Stefan Faller (Freiburg), Emily Franzini (Göttingen), Prof Dr Christian Mair (Freiburg), Prof Dr Peter von Moellendorff (Gießen)
2) Digital Editions – visualization, annotation, structuring: Dr Leif Isaksen (Lancaster), Prof Dr Donald Mastronarde (Berkeley), Jun Prof Dr Brigitte Mathiak (Cologne), Prof Dr Patrick Sahle (Cologne), Prof Dr Stefan Schorn (Leuven)
3) Open access and digital publishing: Georgios Chatzoudis (Düsseldorf), Prof Dr Marcus Deufert (Leipzig), Dr Niels Taubert (Bielefeld), Dr Lilian Landes (Munich), Dr Stefan von der Lahr (Munich)

In addition there will be a public panel discussion on Thursday (30th June) at 6.00pm on the consequences of open access in academia:
Roland Reuß (University of Heidelberg) and Hubertus Kohle (University of Munich).

For further information please contact

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Electronic Imaging & the Visual Arts - Eva Florence 2016

A Firenze dall'11 al 12 Maggio 2016 si terrà l'edizion 2016 di EVA Florence – Electronic Imaging & Visual Art, evento organizzato dal Centre for the Communication and Media Integration dell'Università di Firenze in collaborazione con il Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione e Centrica e dedicato all’uso delle immagini digitali nell’ambito delle arti visive. L'appuntamento è presso l'Hotel Pierre a Firenze.

Benedettini D'Europa - Antiche committenze, restauri, nuove funzioni

Venerdì 20 e Sabato 21 Maggio 2016 presso l'Abbazia di San Pietro in Modena dei Monaci Benedettini, Chiostro delle Colonne, Sala Santa Scolastica, si terrà il Convegno Internazionale "Benedettini D'Europa - antiche Committenze, Restauri, Nuove Funzioni".Il Convegno sarà dedicato a presentare gli studi sull'architettura e le tecniche costruttive benedettine e gli interventi per il recupero e la valorizzazione delle antiche strutture.

Premiate tre giovani “Conservation scientist” dell'Università Ca' Foscari

Tre studentesse dell'Università Ca'Foscario sono state premiate nella categoria “Conservation scientist” dalla giuria del convegno nazionale “I giovani e il restauro”, dedicato alla valorizzazione degli sbocchi professionali dei laureati nel campo della conservazione e del restauro dei beni culturali. Irene Scarpa e Cecilia Zanin hanno vinto rispettivamente il primo e il terzo premio nella sessione Esperti scientifici, mentre Pasqualina Consoli è stata premiata per il miglior poster.

May 02, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Quaderni di Vicino Oriente

Quaderni di Vicino Oriente
ISSN: 0393-0300

Quaderni di Vicino Oriente X - 2015:

La percezione dell'ebraismo in altre culture e nelle arti III-2014
a cura di Alessandro Catastini


R. Nicolai - La Giudea di Strabone e la percezione del giudaismo all'epoca di Augusto

S. Zincone - Non insultando sed exsultando:
l'Adversus Iudaeos di Agostino tra polemica e dilectio

L. Capezzone - L'eredità classica greca e il medioevo islamo-ebraico di Leo Strauss

P. Botta - A. Garribba - Judío e derivati negli antichi dizionari spagnoli

D. Vaccari - Il personaggio del judío nel teatro spagnolo del XVII secolo

M. Sonnino - La classicità rifiutata.
Filologi classici (ed) ebrei nella Germania tra Otto- e Novecento

E. Prinzivalli - Gli ebrei nella predicazione di Origene:
note a margine delle omelie sui Salmi del Cod. Mon. Gr. 314

L. Sist - Note su alcuni motivi egizi presenti nella cultura materiale giudaica

E. Tagliaferro - Augusto e gli ebrei

A. Catastini - Il banchetto della necromante di En Dor

L. Nigro - David e la presa di Gerusalemme:
sinnôr al millô: ri-costruzione della storia

Quaderni di Vicino Oriente VIII - 2014:

La percezione dell'ebraismo in altre culture e nelle arti II-2013
a cura di Alessandro Catastini

L. Nigro - David e Golia: Filistei e Israeliti ad un tiro di sasso. Recenti scoperte nel dibattito sull'archeologia in Israele

M. Passalacqua - Lezioni di filologia: Ludwig Traube, Elias Avery Lowe, Eduard Fraenkel

P. Buzi - Il conflitto che non c'era. Ebrei e cristiani nella tradizione letteraria copta del V-VIII secolo

A. Gebbia - Nuove tendenze e nuove voci nelle letterature ebraiche degli Stati Uniti e del Canada

F. Mastrofini - Presente e prospettive del dialogo ebraico-cristiano

S. Zincone - Giudei e giudaizzanti nelle omelie Adversus Iudaeos di Giovanni Crisostomo

P. Botta - A. Garribba - Canti giudeo-spagnoli di tradizione orale

L. Sist - Testimonianze di giudaismo in Egitto: i templi di Yahweh e le risultanze archeologiche

A. Catastini - La simbologia del vino nuovo nel banchetto sacro

Quaderni di Vicino Oriente VI - 2013:

La percezione dell'ebraismo in altre culture e nelle arti
a cura di Alessandro Catastini


E. Prinzivalli - "Noi" e "Loro", la lacerazione indicibile. Ebrei e Cristiani nel I e nel II secolo

A. Camplani - Declinazioni dell'antigiudaismo nel cristianesimo siriaco delle origini

A. Gebbia - Il violinista su Hollywood: gli Ebrei e il cinema americano

F. Gabizon - Percorsi ebraici nella letteratura inglese e americana

A. Catastini - La questione delle origini ebraiche

J. Nigro Covre - R. Cilione - Gli artisti e l 'ebraismo tra Italia e Francia intorno al 1930

F. Piperno - Ebrei in Musica

L. Nigro - L 'Archeologia Biblica e la percezione dell 'ebraismo

M. Caffiero - Gioco di specchi. Ebrei e Cristiani in età moderna: rappresentazioni e autorappresentazioni

Open Access Journal: Vicino Oriente

[First posted 7/26/09,   Update 2 May 2016]

Vicino Oriente
ISSN: 0393-0300
Vicino Oriente is the journal of the Sezione di Orientalistica (Section of Oriental Studies) of the Department of Sciences of Antiquity of Rome “La Sapienza” University. 
VO is published yearly and deals with Near and Middle Eastern Archaeology, History, Epigraphy, extending its view on the whole Mediterranean with the study of Phoenician and Punic documents. 
Purposes of the journal are: to host preliminary reports of excavations currently carried on by the Department in the Near and Middle East, Egypt and the Mediterranean; to report about and update the status of research projects in progress; to introduce PhD projects currently undergoing in the Department.
The journal publishes contributions of historical, archaeological, artistic, philological, philosophical, and religious disciplines in ancient Mediterranean, Asia, and Africa. Papers submitted to the Editorial Board are, of course, selected by the members of the Scientific Committee, all scholars of the Section of Oriental Studies of Department of Sciences of Antiquities at the University of Rome “La Sapienza”.

L. Nigro - Bethlehem in the Bronze and Iron Ages in the light of recent discoveries by the Palestinian MOTA-DACH

V. Pisaniello - Parallel passages among Hittite-Luwian rituals: for the restoration of KUB 35.146

F. Spagnoli - Una testa di sileno in bronzo da Mozia

N. Chiarenza - Una matrice per terrecotte con sileno dall'Area sacra del Kothon a Mozia

G. Labisi - al-Fudayn: an Umayyad residence in Northern Jordan

P. Buzi - Early Christianity in the Fayyūm: the new contribution of archaeology

I. Materia - Preliminary notes on the ware depicted on the ceiling of the Cappella Palatina in Palermo

S. Autiero - Indian Ocean trade: a reassessment of the pottery finds from a multidisciplinary point of view (3rd Century BC-5th century AD)

M.M. Jamhawi - N. Al-Shakarchi - I. Al-Hashimi - Assessment of tourists' satisfaction in the downtown of Amman
Scavi e Ricerche
L. Nigro - C. Fiaccavento - M. Jaradat - J. Yasine - Archaeology from A to Z: Abu Zarad, an ancient town in the heartland of Palestine

L. Nigro - D. Montanari - M. Ghayyada - J. Yasine - Khalet al-Jam'a. A Middle Bronze and Iron Age necropolis near Bethlehem (Palestine)

L. Nigro - G. Ripepi - I. Hamdan - J. Yasine - The Jericho Oasis Archaeological Park - 2015 Interim Report. Italian-Palestinian Cooperation for protection and valorization of archaeological heritage

R. Francia - L'archivio di tavolette del complesso B-C-H di Büyükkale e l'organizzazione degli archivi reali ittiti. Considerazioni preliminari

V. Pisaniello - La collezione di tavolette del complesso B-C-H di Büyükkale

T. De Vincenzi - L'archivio di tavolette del complesso B-C-H sull'acropoli di Büyükkale
Museo del Vicino Oriente, Egitto e Mediterraneo
L. Nigro - Il nuovo allestimento del Museo del Vicino Oriente, Egitto e Mediterraneo della Sapienza

D. Montanari - Bollettino delle attività del Museo del Vicino Oriente, Egitto e Mediterraneo della Sapienza, anno 2015
A. Orsingher - E. PAPPA (2013), Early Iron Age Exchange in the West: Phoenicians in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic (Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement Series 43), Leuven - Paris - Walpole 2013, MA.: Peeters

L. Nigro - Editoriale
M. Jafari-Dehaghi - Čahār zahagān in Middle Persian literature

S. Seminara - Beyond the words. Some considerations about the word "to translate" in Sumerian

R. Francia - Gli Ittiti e la loro riscoperta nella Turchia repubblicana

K. Rashid Rahim - C.G. Cereti - L. Colliva - A. Fusaro - C. Insom - G. Labisi - S. Mancini - J. Bogdani - M. Galuppi - G. Terribili - MAIKI, Missione Archeologica Italiana nel Kurdistan Iracheno: la carta archeologica dell'area di Paikuli, obiettivi e metodologie applicate

L. Nigro - The Copper Route and the Egyptian connection in 3rd millennium BC Jordan seen from the caravan city of Khirbet al-Batrawy

M. Sala - EB II-III aegyptiaca east of the Jordan: a reevaluation of trade and cultural interactions between Egypt and Transjordanian urban centres

C. Fiaccavento - Two EB III Red Polished jugs from Palace B in Khirbet al-Batrawy and jugs with Reserved Alternate-Hatching Decoration (RAHD) from Palestine and Transjordan

D. Montanari - An EB IV dagger from Tell es-Sultan/Jericho

F. Spagnoli - Una brocchetta dipinta dal Tempio di Astarte nell'Area sacra del Kothon a Mozia

B. D'Andrea - Nuove stele dal Tofet di Mozia

A. Orsingher - Listen and protect: reconsidering the grinning masks after a recent find from Motya

P. Gignoux - Souvenirs d'un grand savant: Gherardo Gnoli (1937-2012)

N.N.Z. Chegini - M.V. Fontana - A. Asadi - M. Rugiadi - A.M. Jaia - A. Blanco - L. Ebanista - V. Cipollari Estakhr Project - second preliminary report of the joint Mission of the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, the Parsa-Pasargadae Research Foundation and the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

A. Asadi - S.M. Mousavi Kouhpar - J. Neyestani - A. Hojabri-Nobari - Sasanian and Early Islamic settlement patterns north of the Persian Gulf

L. Nigro - Before the Greeks: the earliest Phoenician settlement in Motya - recent discoveries by Rome «La Sapienza» Expedition

C. Fiaccavento - Potters' wheels from Khirbet al-Batrawy: a reconsideration of social contexts

D. Montanari - A copper javelin head in the UCL Palestinian Collection

A. Massafra - A group of metal weapons from Tell el-'Ajjul in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow

A. Campus - Costruire memoria e tradizione: il tofet

F. Spagnoli - Demetra a Mozia: evidenze dall'area sacra del Kothon nel V secolo a.C.

R. Francia - Lo stile 'poetico' delle historiolae ittite

V. Pisaniello - Il sumerogramma IR nei testi ittiti

D. Montanari - Copper axes and double-apses buildings: investigating EB I social interrelations

P. Sferrazza - Cattivi presagi: analisi della raffigurazione della Stanza 132 del Palazzo Reale di Mari

I. Melandri - A new reconstruction of the anklets of Princess Khnumit

G. Ripepi - Gli edifici su podio in Palestina durante l'Età del Ferro II

F. Spagnoli - Un altare bruciaprofumi punico dalla "Casa del sacello domestico" a Mozia

M. Guirguis - Monte Sirai 2005-2010. Bilanci e prospettive

V. Tusa - Le armi dei corredi tombali della necropoli arcaica di Mozia

M.C. Benvenuto - F. Pompeo - Il sincretismo di genitivo e dativo in persiano antico

M.V. Fontana - S.M. Mireskandari - M. Rugiadi - A. Asadi - A.M. Jaia - A. Blanco - L. Colliva - Estakhr Project - first preliminary report of the joint Mission of the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, the Parsa-Pasargadae Research Foundation and the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

C.G. Cereti - L. Colliva - M.V. Fontana - G. Terribili - J. Bogdani - A. Bizzarro - A. Tilia - S.S. Tilia - From flint to silicon, modern technologies applied to the understanding of history. The Italian Archaeological Mission in Iraqi Kurdistan

M. Rugiadi - Il complesso di ricevimento del palazzo ayyubide a Shawbak

L. Nigro - An EB IIIB (2500-2300 BC) gemstones necklace from the Palace of the Copper Axes at Khirbet al-Batrawy, Jordan

A. Caltabiano - Temples et sanctuaires urbains du littoral syrien à l'âge du Fer: continuité et transformation culturelles

M. Sala - Egyptian and Egyptianizing objects from EB I-III Tell es-Sultan/ancient Jericho

F. Spagnoli - Un'anforetta dipinta dalla Tomba T.177 di Mozia

M. Sala - Sanctuaries, Temples and Cult Places in Early Bronze I Southern Levant

D. Montanari - Sei lance rituali in metallo del Bronzo Antico I (3400-3000 a.C.) dal Levante meridionale

L. Romano - La stele del simposio?

S. Lanna - Land-management and food-production in early Egypt (Dynasties 0-2)

S. Paradiso - La brocca RS 24.440 da Ugarit: rappresentazione di una scena di offerta

G. Pagliari - Ancient Egyptian Palace: The Tripartite Plan of Audience System

M.G. Amadasi Guzzo - On the Beginnings of the Punic Scripts

B. D’Andrea - S. Giardino - “Il tofet: dove e perché”: alle origini dell’identità fenicia

L. Sist - Preliminary notes on two royal buildings discovered in Napata

A. Colazilli - Il pianto nell’antico Egitto

A. D’Aleo - Il mito di Butes: un caso paradigmatico di “sincretismo”?

S. Della Ricca - I. Della Ricca - Quale sanità nel Vicino Oriente urbanizzato?

V. Messina - J. Mehr Kian - Ricognizione dei rilievi partici d’Elimaide. La piana di Izeh- Malamir

M. Rugiadi - The Emergence of Siliceous-paste in Iran in the Last Quarter of the 11th century and Related Issues. The Dated Assemblage from the Southern Domed Hall of the Great Mosque of Isfahan

I. Melandri - Nuove considerazioni su una statua da Qaw el-Kebir al Museo delle Antichità Egizie di Torino

D. Nadali - Eph‘al, I.,The City Besieged. Siege and Its Manifestations in the Ancient Near East, Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 36, Brill Ed., Leiden - Boston 2009

D. Nadali - Curtis, J.E. - Tallis, N (eds.), The Balawat Gates of Ashurnasirpal II, The British Museum Press, London 2008

A. Vacca - Rappresentazioni di edifici sacri nella glittica dei periodi di Uruk, Jemdet Nasr e Protodinastico I

L. Romano - La corona del dio. Nota sull’iconografia divina nel Protodinastico

M. Sala - Il Temple en L a Biblo

M. D’Andrea - Trickle Painted Ware: an Early Bronze IV Specialized Pottery Production in Palestine and Transjordan

A. Iob - Forme, colori, funzione dei collari usekh: confronto tra immagine e modello reale

D. Nadali - La Stele di Daduša come documento storico dell’età paleobabilonese. Immagini e iscrizione a confronto

L. Peyronel - Guerre e alleanze in epoca paleobabilonese: il peso di Inibšina, figlia di Daduša di Ešnunna

G. Pedrucci - Kubaba: presenze anatoliche e antecedenti siriani

S. Festuccia - Le forme da fusione della Città Bassa Settentrionale di Tell Mardikh-Ebla

L. Mori - Osservazioni sulla tipologia delle strade dai testi di Emar

A. Vallorani - Bâtiment III: il palazzo neosiriano di Hama

M.G. Amadasi Guzzo - J.-Á. Zamora Lopez - Un ostracon phénicien de Tavira (Portugal)

M. L’Erario - Un Osco a Solunto. Una nota sul cosiddetto «oscillum» di Solunto

M.G. Amadasi Guzzo - Su due dediche neopuniche da Henchir Ghayadha

F. Bron - L’inscription néo-punique de Cherchell, NP 130

D. Piacentini - Una bilingue greco-palmirena dal Negev: una nuova interpretazione

L. Nigro - L’unzione del re? nota su un passabriglie protodinastico al Museo del Louvre

L. Romano - Recensione al volume: Margueron, J.-Cl., Mari. Métropole de l’Euphrate au IIIe et au debut du IIe millénaire av. J.-C., Paris 2004


L. Romano - La Stele degli Avvoltoi: una rilettura critica

L. Nigro - Alle origini della prima urbanizzazione palestinese. Il caso dell’Edificio 7102 di Tell el-‘Areini

M. Sala - Prodromi della prima urbanizzazione palestinese ai confini del deserto basaltico siro-giordano: l’insediamento fortificato del Bronzo Antico I (3400-3200 a.C.) a Jawa

G. Spreafico - La formulazione architettonica e spaziale dell’area sacra nell’edilizia templare del Ferro I in Palestina

R. Francia - Osservazioni sulle strategie linguistiche e stilistiche nelle lettere ittite

G. Capriotti Vittozzi - Rivisitando la tomba di Petosiri: note su alcuni aspetti iconografici

A. Orsingher - Bruciaprofumi lotiformi: una produzione fenicia 115

F. Susanna - Templi punici o di matrice punica con cripta o con strutture sotterranee in Nord Africa

N. Chiarenza - Una nota su un altare a tre betili da Selinunte

M.G. Amadasi Guzzo - Une lamelle magique à inscription phénicienne

C. Greco - Recensione al volume Mozia - XI


M. Liverani - La scoperta del mattone. Muri e archivi nell’archeologia mesopotamica

A. Archi - The “lords”, lugal-lugal, of Ebla: a prosopographic study

M.G. Biga - Wet-nurses at Ebla: a prosopographic study

M. Ramazzotti - Appunti sulla semiotica delle relazioni stratigrafiche di Gerico neolitica

N. Marchetti - A Middle Bronze I ritual deposit from the ‘Amuq Plain: note on the dating and the significance on the metal anthropomorphic figurines from Tell Judaidah

E. Ascalone - Interpretazione stratigrafica e proposta di periodizzazione della città di Susa. Studio comparativo degli scavi effettuati e analisi storica dell’abitato tra la fine del IV e l’inizio del III millennio a.C.

L. Peyronel - Sigilli harappani e dilmuniti dalla Mesopotamia e dalla Susiana. Note sul commercio nel golfo Arabo-Persico tra III e II millennio a.C.

L. Nigro - L’assedio di Bīt Bunakki da Ninive ai Musei Vaticani. La sua collocazione originaria nel Palazzo Nord di Assurbanipal e gli scavi di Giovanni Bennhi

R. Bertolino - I corpora delle iscrizioni semitiche di Hatra, Palmira e Dura-Europos: un bilancio

P. Grossmann - Zur Rekonstruktion der Südkirche von Antinoopolis

M. Ramazzotti - Un’ipotesi di proposta interpretativa: l’architettura domestica in Egitto come indice del cambiamento nella struttura socio-economica


A. Amenta - Aspetti culturali dal tempio di Tod

A. Bongioanni - Tradizioni sciamaniche nel manto “stellato” sacerdotale: il caso di Anen e Tutankhamon

R. Buongarzone - Una nuova versione del Libro della Terra

G. Capriotti Vittozzi - Una statua di sovrana al Museo Egizio di Torino: la tradizione del Nuovo Regno nell’iconografia della regine tolemaiche

E.M. Ciampini - I percorsi misteriosi di Rosetau

S. Demichelis - Papiri calendariali al Museo Egizio di Torino

P. Gallo - Una nuova statua del re Nekhthorheb sotto forma di falco da Pharbeithos

E. Fiore Marochetti - Un frammento di iscrizione proveniente dalla grande “Mastaba du Nord” a el-Lisht

V. Massa - I giuramenti demotici di Pathyris nel Museo Egizio di Torino

A. Piccato - Percezione della storia, narrazione degli eventi e storiografia dell’Egitto del III e del II millennio a.C. Alcune brevi osservazioni

P. Romeo - Stele di Qadesh e stele di Horus


M. Krebernik - Neue Beschwörungen aus Ebla

A. Archi - Bulle e cretule iscritte da Ebla

A. Archi - Eblaita: paš–šu “colui che è addetto all’unzione; sacerdote purificatore; cameriere al servizio di una persona”

L De Urioste Sanchez - Aspetti della circolazione di metalli preziosi ad Ebla: catene di distribuzione e restituzione parziale

M. Bonechi - ARET I 2 + ARET IV 23

A. Enea - Per una rilettura delle abitazioni palestinesi a pianta curvilinea del Bronzo Antico I

N. Marchetti - L’aquila Anzu: nota su alcuni amuleti mesopotamici

L. Nigro - Dieci asce protodinastiche dal Luristan della Collezione Lorenzo Vannini

F. Venturi - Una ‘fiasca del pellegrino’ da Tell Afis. L'evoluzione dei ‘Pilgrim Flasks’ cananaici nel passaggio tra Bronzo Tardo e Ferro I

S. Di Paolo - Gli avori di Megiddo: un esempio di arte siriana?

R. Francia - Il pronome possessivo enclitico in antico ittita: alcune riflessioni

A. Roccati - La datazione di opere letterarie egizie

E.M. Ciampini - Testi funerari del Medio Regno in contesto “anomalo”: il caso di formule su stele

E. Mitchell- Redazione preliminare della carta archeologica del Jebel Barkal

A. Ciasca, R. Di Salvo, M. Castellino, C. Di Patti - Saggio preliminare sugli incinerati del Tofet di Mozia



S. Donadoni - La situazione archeologica

L Sist - Le figurazioni della Tomba TT 27

A. Roccati - Reminiscenze delle Tombe di Asiut nel monumento di Sheshonq

F. Tiradritti - Il capitolo 146w del Libro dei Morti

G. Rosati - Il Libro dei Morti sui pilastri orientali della corte

S. Bosticco - I ritrovamenti

B. Moiso - Conservazione del monumento e ripristino architettonico



M.G. Biga - Osservazioni sui criteri di redazione dei testi di Ebla: TM. 75. G.1730 e i testi del rituale per il re e la regina

F. Pomponio - Abba-kalla di Puzriš-Dagan

G. Wilhelm - Zum eblaitischen Gott Kura

C. Zaccagnini - Ceremonial Transfers of Real Estate at Emar and Elsewhere

L. Sist - Un frammento di statua da Crocodilopoli

F. Tiradritti - Stele di Amanitore e Arikankharor dal «Palazzo di Natakamani» al Gebel Barkal

M. Salvini. - Note sulle tavolette di Bastam

G. Falsone - Nuove coppe metalliche di fattura orientale

A. Ciasca - Mozia: sguardo d'insieme sul tofet

N. Marchetti - L'iscrizione della cappella rupestre di En-Numêr a Petra e la paleografia nabatea

A. Alberti - Nihil sub sole novum. Osservazioni a margine di MEE 10

A. Archi - Integrazioni alla prosopografia dei «danzatori», ne-di, di Ebla

E. Badalì - La festa di primavera AN. TAÐ.ŠUM: contributi su alcuni aspetti del culto ittito

L. Innocente - Stato delle ricerche sul cario

F. Israel - Note di onomastica semitica 6: l’apporto della glittica all’onomastica aramaica

Addendum to: D. Schmandt-Besserat: Tokens as Funerary Offerings, VO 7, pp. 3-9



A. Archi - F. Pomponio - Tavolette economiche neo-sumeriche dell’Università Pontificia Salesiana


Open Access Publications of the Oriental Institute Epigraphic Survey

Open Access Publications of the Oriental Institute Epigraphic Survey

For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:


ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

The Role of Biblical Archaeology in Exegesis: An interview with Professor Israel Finkelstein, Part 2

Manetho had already known about the Exodus tradition, so I doubt whether his work can help solve the riddle of Exodus. As far as I can judge, the Exodus traditions [...]

The post The Role of Biblical Archaeology in Exegesis: An interview with Professor Israel Finkelstein, Part 2 appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

More on The Outrage Summit

As readers of this blog know, I’ve been working on setting up the North Dakota University System Arts and Humanities Summit here on campus for next fall. The theme will be outrage and I hope it leads to a productive and thought provoking mini-riot. 

Screenshot 2 10 16 7 52 am

To inspire critical conversation about the  I wrote this short blog post for public consumption and to inspire folks to think about outrage in different ways. It’s intentionally provocative (although not really outrageous). Check it out below:

People are mad. We have to look no further than television or the social media to find our daily dose of outrage. Outrage saturates casual conversations, seeps from the pores of the community, and galvanizes events into evidence for totalizing ideological conspiracies. At its more productive, outrage can stoke mass movements like we witnessed in the Arab Spring or in Ferguson, Missouri. Propelled by passion mediated through digital communication technology, outrage courses through the veins of our hyper-connected modern world.

North Dakota is not immune to paroxysms of outrage, of course. Budget cuts across the state and in higher education and social services have prompted outraged cries. Environmental concerns associated with fracking, political posturing by politicians, an simple incompetence and corruption throughout the state has led to frustration, anger, and ultimately outrage. The intersection of local and national politics has proved particularly fraught as it has brought national attention to local affairs. Even campus events, like the canceling of a program or a 911 call can attract national anger, and the local community can struggle to negotiate tension between loyalty, local knowledge, and national attitudes.

The global media is at least partly to blame for cross pollination of local and national outrage. The ability of a group like ISIS to attract recruits from around the world demonstrates that outrage against something as ubiquitous as Western capitalism and democracy manifests itself at local levels with global impacts. At the same time, social media has allowed local outrage against a tyrannical regime or an act of social injustice to transform into mass action.

The NDUS Arts and Humanities Summit at the University of North Dakota will bring together scholars from across the university system both to express and critique outrage. Expressions of outrage are more than mere emotional catharsis which allows for the dispersion of pent up energy, but have a performative value as well. For scholars like Manual Castells, outrage motivated actions in the social media that eventually catalyzed into mass protests. It may be a more productive to see outrage itself as a medium or performative style which accelerates and intensifies the impact of various messages. Anguished, staccato, character of contemporary outrage, like a modern vox clamatis in deserto, parallels the punctuated bursts of text messages, Tweets, and Facebook posts as well as the sound-bite sensationalism of traditional media. The emotional density of outrage delivers an impact that transcends the need for an argument, for lengthy exposition, and elaborate structure. By inviting scholars to be outraged, we want to explore the potential for outrage as a form of scholarly communication. Can scholars harness the power of outrage effectively to motivate mass movements?

At the same time the Arts and Humanities Summit invites presentations and papers that consider and critique our growing dependence on outrage to motivate social change. After all, not all outrage is created equal and understanding how outrage functions in our connected world ensures that we can critically engage its impact and significance. While we should never confuse recognizing the way in which outrage functions for being about to control it, we should recognize the potential and limits of these media in a world increasingly committed to an accelerated pace of social engagement.

Outrage has already played a key role in the course of the 21st century. It has punctuated debates over race, privileged, and self-determination on an international scale and found a happy ally in the staccato signals of the digital media and our own attenuated attention. While the STEM field are on often seen as the front line for the global pandemics, war, and economic growth, the Arts and Humanities represent a bulwark against the unfettered ravages of outrage in our networked society. Our ability to communicate, to motivate, to compel, to perform, and to empathize reside both at the core of the arts and humanities and outrage. We hope that this event is the first step in a an important initiative that understands the destructive and productive potential of outrage and need to fortify the arts and humanities in North Dakota to manage its awesome power.

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Event Roundup, May 2

By Erika Owens

Event Roundup, May 2

The annual data journalism fest in Spain returns this year, with bonus Knight-Mozilla fellow speakers.


Know of any upcoming fellowship or conference proposal deadlines? Have an upcoming event? Let us know: source@mozillafoundation.org.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Back to Pompei: pubblicata la nuova app per esplorare gli scavi della città antica

È disponibile per dispositivi Android la nuova app “Back to Pompei”. Realizzata dalla società NetMinds, l’app è gratuita e permette di scoprire in 3D il famoso sito archeologico campano.  Si tratta di una guida tra le antiche strade della città in realtà virtuale che contiene tutte le informazioni sui punti di maggiore interesse. La fruizione del sito non avviene solo con la realtà virtuale, mediante lo smartphone a dispositivi VR come Cardboard o equivalenti, ma anche tramite un gameplay tradizionale utilizzando due joystick touch.

Michelangelo, Vittoria Colonna e la Crocifissione di Viterbo - Esiti delle indagini

Giovedì 5 maggio, alle ore 17:00, la Fondazione Marco Besso ospiterà presso la proprio struttura romana (sita in Largo di Torre Argentina 11), con la collaborazione di Archeoares s.n.c., l'incontro culturale "Michelangelo, Vittoria Colonna e la Crocifissione di Viterbo - Esiti delle indagini".

Funder35: bando 2016 per le giovani organizzazioni culturali

Il bando annuale Funder35 è rivolto alle organizzazioni culturali senza scopo di lucro (imprese sociali, cooperative sociali, associazioni culturali, fondazioni, ecc), composte in prevalenza da under 35 e impegnate principalmente nell’ambito della produzione artistica/creativa in tutte le sue forme, da quelle tradizionali a quelle di ultima generazione o nell’ambito dei servizi di supporto alla conoscenza, alla valorizzazione, alla tutela, alla protezione, alla circolazione dei beni e delle attività culturali.

International Summer School “Identity and Conservation of Contemporary Artworks: Duties and Responsibility”

Il Centro Conservazione e Restauro “La Venaria Reale” e l’Università degli Studi di Torino con il supporto di Intesa San Paolo, il patrocinio dell’Università di Milano Bicocca, della Regione Piemonte e della Città di Torino, presentano la prima International Summer School dedicata alla Conservazione dell’Arte Contemporanea e alle implicazioni storico-critiche, giuridiche e filosofiche.

Cultura, valore economico per il turismo. Progettazione e strumenti per la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale

Tornano a Bologna gli appuntamenti *pER, il ciclo di seminari gratuiti promossi da CAT - Centro Assistenza Tecnica di Confesercenti Emilia Romagna con il contributo scientifico di BTO Educational e Centro Studi Turistici. Verso la Borsa del Turismo delle 100 città d'Arte d'Italia, tutto a Bologna.

Corso in Tecnologie Digitali Open Source applicate ai Beni Culturali

L'Università di Évora in Portogallo organizza, nell'ambito del Progetto CHRONOS (Cultural Heritage Research ON Digital Documentation for Safeguard and Sustainability) due corsi sulle Tecnologie Digitali Open Source nell'ambito del Patrimonio Culturale. Entrambi i corsi si svolgeranno nella prima metà di luglio 2016.

ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

Does the Bible Claim that the Sun and Moon stopped in their Tracks?

The sun and moon have been in the news lately; Pastor John Hagee has claimed that recent blood moons have biblical significance of cataclysmic proportions concerning modern day Israel [...]

The post Does the Bible Claim that the Sun and Moon stopped in their Tracks? appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Open Re(source) 2016: Archivi Storici 2.0

Giovedì 9 Giugno presso il Piccolo Regio Puccini di Torino dalle ore 10,30 alle ore 17,30 si terrà la II edizione di OPEN (RE)SOURCE: Archivi Storici Versione 2.0.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Guidebooks for Three Historic Syrian Citadels

 [First posted in AWOL 8 January 2010. Updated (corrected links) 2 May 2016]

Guidebooks Available for Three Historic Syrian Citadels

ArchNet, an international online community for architects, planners, urban designers, landscape architects, conservationists, and scholars, with a focus on Muslim cultures and civilisations has announced:

Published by the AKTC, the three guidebooks are all 45-50 pages long and include a description, history, site plan and visitor tour. Each is helpfully illustrated with rich color photographs, drawings and maps depicting the site and its place in the region. Elevation, section, and axonometric views are also included, providing a heightened sense of the architecture of these historic citadels.
  1. Gonnella, Julia. The Citadel of Aleppo: Description, History, Site Plan and Visitor Tour, 2nd Ed. 2008, Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the Syrian Directorate, General of Antiquities and Museums.
  2. Grandin, Thierry. The Castle of Salah ad-Din: Description, History, Site Plan and Visitor Tour 2008, Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the Syrian Directorate, General of Antiquities and Museums.
  3. Hasan, Haytham. The Citadel of Masyaf: Description, History, Site Plan and Visitor Tour 2008, Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the Syrian Directorate, General of Antiquities and Museums.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

3D Virtual Museum: a Rimini un evento per divulgare le tecnologie 3D per la fruizione

3D VirtualMuseum @ Rimini è un evento gratuito di rilievo 3D aperto a tutti, organizzato in collaborazione con 3D ArcheoLab e MakeRn all’interno del Museo della Città di Rimini, con l’obiettivo di sensibilizzare istituzioni e visitatori sulle potenzialità delle tecnologie 3D per migliorare la fruizione del nostro patrimonio culturale.

ExpoPixel-Rethink the digital environment: focus sul Digital Heritage

Torna giovedì 5 maggio a Bologna, in occasione del 18. Future Film Festival, l'appuntamento con ExpoPixel, realizzato in collaborazione con Fondazione Golinelli (che lo ospita negli spazi dell'Opificio Golinelli) e dedicato quest'anno alla riflessione sull'ambiente in cui viviamo: educational, territorio, cultural heritage, imprenditoria 2.0 e visione a 360 gradi saranno i temi portanti della giornata.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

A collection of 31 (?) rolls and codices found in a jar: the Bodmer / Chester Beatty “papyri”

Sometime in the 1940s, an Egyptian peasant found a large jar full of ancient gnostic books, at a place today known as Nag Hammadi.  The books passed into the art market, and caused a sensation, and various dealers made money on the find. The news made its way back to the region.  This stirred other peasants to go looking for more treasure of the same kind.

In late 1952, another peasant made a similar discovery not that far away.  A jar was found, which contained something like 31 (?) volumes in various formats, roll and codex, papyrus and parchment, Greek and Coptic, although scholars disagree on the list of what the find originally contained.  They passed into the hands of a village strongman named Riyad Jirgis Fam, who lived at Dishna.  The collection is therefore known in Egypt as the Dishna “papyri”.  Riyad sold material piece by piece to a Cairo dealer, a Cypriot Greek named Phocion John Tano, or locally as “Phoqué”.  Tano then smuggled the material out of Egypt using either the diplomatic bag of the Tunisian embassy, or by bribing customs officials.

A large part of the collection was bought by a wealthy Swiss collector named Martin Bodmer.  What Bodmer chose not to buy, as of inferior interest, was in the main purchased by another collector, Sir Chester Beatty and is today in Dublin.  But the story is far more complex than that, and parts of the collection were also sold to American buyers, and then sold on.  Also, on the death of Martin Bodmer his executors began to sell his collection, until a foundation was created and the sales stopped.

But what was in the collection?  In the main it was biblical materials, but also rolls of Homer, lost plays by Menander, lost patristic material such as Melito’s De pascha, and much else.  It includes a codex of John’s gospel, P66, dated to 200 AD, in Greek.  But the older Greek material was rebound in the 4th century in a way that made it impossible to read – the books had become relics.  Newer material was in Coptic.  And, in addition, there were Greek and Coptic versions of some of the letters of Pachomius, the founder of Egyptian monasticism, previous known only in Jerome’s Latin translation.  The collection, plainly, had come from a Pachomian monastery.  The latest material was 6th century, and the burial of it in a jar perhaps relates to Justinian’s “tidying up” exercise on heresies of all sorts.

I suspect that many of us have heard of the “Bodmer papyri” and the “Chester Beatty papyri”, without ever being clear that this is a single find, like that at Nag Hammadi, dispersed around the world.

All this I take from reading James M. Robinson’s fascinating account, The Story of the Bodmer Papyri: from the First Monastery’s library in Upper Egypt to Geneva and Dublin.  It is very cheap, so very worthwhile for anyone interested in the finds of books in the sands of Egypt.

Robinson also gives a list of what, as far as can be told, the collection contained!  This is worth giving here, simpy because the dispersion of the collection means that few today have any context on what it was.

The contents of the discovery, including the quite fragmentary items and those listed only with hesitation, are as follows (they are Greek papyrus codices, unless otherwise indicated):20

1. Homer, Iliad, Book 5 = P. Bodmer I, a roll on the verso of a roll of documentary papyri, = P. Bodmer L.

2. Homer, Iliad, Book 6 = P. Bodmer I, a roll on the verso of the same roll of documentary papyri, = P. Bodmer L.

3. Gospel of John = P. Bodmer II + a fragment from the Chester Beatty Library, ac. 2555, + P. Koln 214, = P66.

4. Gospel of John and Genesis 1:1—4:2 in Bohairic = P. Bodmer III.

5. Menander, Samia, Dyskolos, Aspis = P. Bodmer XXV, IV, XXVI + P. Bare. 45 + Cologne inv. 904 = P. Koln 3 + P. Rob. 38.

6. Nativity of Mary = Apocalypse of James (Protevangelium of James) -, Apocryphal Correspondence of Paul with the Corinthians; Odes of Solomon 11; the Epistle of Jude; Melito of Sardis On the Passover, a fragment of a liturgical hymn; the Apology of Phileas; Psalms 33-34; 1 and 2 Peter = P. Bodmer V; X; XI; VII; XIII; XII; XX (+ a fragment from the Chester Beatty Library, ac. 2555); IX; VIII.

7. Proverbs in Proto-Sahidic on parchment = P. Bodmer VI.

8. Gospels of Luke and John = P. Bodmer XIV-XV = P75.

9. Exodus 1:1—15:21 in Sahidic on parchment = P. Bodmer XVI. (P. Bodmer XVII is generally agreed not to come from the same discovery.)

10. Deuteronomy 1:1—10:7 in Sahidic = P. Bodmer XVIII.

11. Matthew 14:28—28:20 + Romans 1:1—2:3, both in Sahidic on parchment, = P. Bodmer XIX.

12. Joshua in Sahidic = P. Bodmer XXI + Chester Beatty ac. 1389.

13. Jeremiah 40:3—52:34; Lamentations; Epistle of Jeremy; Baruch 1:1— 5:5, all in Sahidic on parchment, = P. Bodmer XXII + Mississippi Coptic Codex II.

14. Isaiah 47:1—66:24 in Sahidic = P. Bodmer XXIII.

15. Psalms 17—118 = P. Bodmer XXIV.

16. Thucydides; Suzanna; Daniel; Moral Exhortations = P. Bodmer XXVII, XLV, XLVI, XLVII.

17. A satyr play on the confrontation of Heracles and Atlas, a papyrus roll, = P. Bodmer XXVIII.

18. Codex Visionum = P. Bodmer XXIX — XXXVIII. (For P. Bodmer XXXIX see the inventory of specifically Pachomian material below.)

19. Song of Songs in Sahidic on parchment = P. Bodmer XL.

20. The Acts of Paul, Ephesus Episode, in Subachmimic, = P. Bodmer XLI.

21. Fragments of the Iliad from a papyrus roll = P. Bodmer XLVIII.

22. Fragments of the Odyssey from a papyrus roll = P. Bodmer XLIX.

23. Mathematical exercises in Greek; John 10:7 —13:38 in Subachmimic = Chester Beatty ac. 1390.

24. The Apocalypse of Elijah in Sahidic = Chester Beatty ac. 1493 = P. Chester Beatty 2018.

25. A Greek grammar; a Graeco-Latin lexicon on Romans, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians = Chester Beatty ac. 1499.

26. Psalms 72:6—23, 25—76:1; 77:1—18, 20—81:7; 82:2—84:14; 85:2—88:20 = Chester Beatty ac. 1501 = P. Chester Beatty XIII = Rahlfs 2149.

27. Psalms 31:8-11; 26:1-6, 8-14; 2:1-8 = Chester Beatty ac. 1501 = P. Chester Beatty XIV = Rahlfs 2150.

28. Tax receipts of 339-47 A.D. from Panopolis (Achmim) in a largely uninscribed and unbound quire constructed from two papyrus rolls with correspondence of the Strategus of the Panopolitan nome of 298-300 A.D. = P. Beatty Panopolitanus = Chester Beatty ac. 2554.

29. Melito of Sardis On the Passover, 2 Maccabees 5:27—7:41; 1 Peter; Jonah; a homily or hymn, = The Crosby-Schoyen Codex = ms. 193 of The Schoyen Collection of Western Manuscripts.

30. Scholia to the Odyssey 1 from a papyrus roll = P. Rob. inv. 32 + P. Colon, inv. 906.

31. Achilles Tatius from a papyrus roll = P. Rob. inv. 35 + P. Colon, inv. 901.

32. Odyssey 3-4 from a papyrus roll = P. Rob. inv. 43 + P. Colon, inv. 902.

33. A piece of ethnography or a philosophical treatise from a papyrus roll = P. Rob. inv. 37 + P. Colon, inv. 903.

34. Cicero, In Catilinam; Psalmus Responsorius; Greek liturgical text; Alcestis, all in Latin except the Greek liturgical text, = Codex Miscellani = P. Barcinonenses inv. 149-61 + P. Duke in L 1 [ex P. Rob. inv. 201].

35. Gospels of Luke; John; Mark, all in Sahidic = P. Palau Ribes 181-83.

The total quantity of material would involve what remains of some 37 books. They consist of 9 Greek classical papyrus rolls (numbers 1, 2, 17, 23, 24, 32-35) and 28 codices (numbers 3-16,18-22, 25-31, 36, 37). The codices maybe subdivided as follows: 21 are on papyrus (numbers 3-6, 8, 10, 12, 14-16, 18, 20, 22, 25-31, 36, 37), 5 on parchment  (numbers 7, 9, 11, 13, 19), and of 1 the Bibliotheque Bodmer has not divulged the material (number 22). 10 are in Greek (numbers 3, 5, 6, 8, 15, 16, 18, 28-30), 2 in Greek and Latin (numbers 27, 36), and 1 in Greek and Subachmimic (number 25). 15 are in Coptic (numbers 4, 7, 9-14,19-22, 26, 31, 37), of which 10 are in Sahidic (numbers 9-14,19, 26, 31, 37), 1 in Bohairic (number 4), 1 in Proto-Sahidic (number 7), 1 in Subachmimic (number 20), and of 1 the Bibliotheque Bodmer has not divulged the dialect (number 22). 2 are non-Christian (numbers 5, 30), 21 Christian (numbers 3, 4, 6-15, 18-21, 26, 28, 29, 31, 37) and 4 partly each (numbers 16,25, 27, 36). 11 contain something from the Old Testament (numbers 7, 9, 10, 12-16, 19, 28, 29) and 6 something from the New Testament (numbers 3, 8,11, 21, 25, 37) and 3 something from each (numbers 4, 6, 31).

A distinctive part of this discovery consists of archival copies of official letters of Abbots of the Pachomian Monastic Order:

  1. Pachomius’ Letter 11b in Sahidic, a small parchment roll, = P. Bodmer XXXIX.
  2. Pachomius’ Letters 9a, 9b, 10,11 b, from a papyrus codex, in Sahidic = Chester Beatty Glass Container No. 54 = ac. 2556.
  3. Pachomius’ Letters 1-3, 7,10,11a in Greek, a small parchment roll in rotuli format, = Chester Beatty Ms. W. 145 + Cologne inv. 3288 = P. Koln 174 = three fragments from Letter 7.
  4. Theodore’s Letter 2 in Sahidic, a small parchment roll in rotuli format, = Chester Beatty Library ac. i486.
  5. A second copy of Theodore’s Letter 2, a small parchment roll in rotuli format in an unidentified private German collection, published by Martin Krause.
  6. Horsiesios’ Letter 3 in Sahidic, a small papyrus roll, = Chester Beatty Library ac. 1494.
  7. Horsiesios’ Letter 4 in Sahidic, a small papyrus roll, = Chester Beatty Library ac. 1495.
  8. Pachomius’ Letter 8 in Sahidic, a small parchment roll, = Cologne inv. 3286 = P. Colon. Copt. 2 = P. Koln agypt. 8.
  9. Pachomius’ Letters 10-11a in Sahidic, a small parchment roll, = Cologne inv. 3287 = P. Colon. Copt. 1 = P. Koln agypt. 9.

Dr R. also went to the trouble of going to the site and doing fieldwork among the villagers to find out what was found, when, by whom, and what happened to it.  This incredibly necessary task tends to be shirked, when a find has gone underground, and his statements will inevitably be primary source material ever afterwards.

May 01, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Frankfurter elektronische Rundschau zur Altertumskunde (FeRA)

[First posted in AWOL 8 January 2010. Updated 1 May 2016]

Frankfurter elektronische Rundschau zur Altertumskunde (FeRA)
ISSN 1862-8478

Die Frankfurter elektronische Rundschau zur Altertumskunde(FeRA) ist ein open access online-journal für alle klassischen altertumskundlichen Fächer mit drei Ausgaben pro Jahr (April, August und Dezember). Obwohl am Frankfurter Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften begründet und über den Server der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität operierend, versteht sich die Zeitschrift nicht als reine Seminarpublikation, sondern lädt ausdrücklich Nachwuchswissenschafter aller Universitäten ein, Fachbeiträge und Rezensionen einzureichen.

The Frankfurter elektronische Rundschau zur Altertumskunde (FeRA) is an open access online journal especially designed for subjects which study the antiquities, and is being published three times a year (April, August and December). Though established by the Frankfurter Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften and operating via the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität server the journal is not intended to be a mere seminar publication, but explicitly invites qualified young researchers from universities all over the world to present their papers and reviews.

Current issue

FeRA 29 (2016)

ISSN 1862-8478


  • E. Franchi, Grenzkonflikte und Gedenkrituale im antiken SpartaDownload (PDF) | p. 1 - 42

  • A. Kakoschke, Annotationes Epigraphicae IV. Zu einigen Inschriften aus den Provinzen Germania inferior und Germania superiorDownload (PDF) | p. 43 - 76

  • S. Torello di Nino, Problematiche insediative nel distretto di Limassol (Cipro) tra tarda età del bronzo e prima età del ferroDownload (PDF) | p. 77 - 83


  • R. Brendel, Rezension zu: David Nirenberg, Anti-Judaismus. Eine andere Geschichte des westlichen DenkensDownload (PDF) | p. 84 - 89

  • M. Ghetta, Rezension zu: Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe (Hg.), Imperium der Götter. Isis – Mithras – Christus. Kulte und Religionen im Römischen ReichDownload (PDF) | p. 90 - 99

  • E. Kettenhofen, Rezension zu: Katarzyna Maksymiuk, Geography of Roman-Iranian wars. Military operations of Rome and Sasanian IranDownload (PDF) | p. 100 - 104

  • K. Matijević, Rezension zu: Christer Bruun/Jonathan Edmondson (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of Roman EpigraphyDownload (PDF) | p. 105 - 108

  • K. Matijević, Rezension zu: Timothy J. Cornell (Hg.), The Fragments of the Roman HistoriansDownload (PDF) | p. 109 - 111

  • F. Müller-Römer, Rezension zu: Friedrich Wilhelm Korff, Das musikalische Aufbauprinzip der ägyptischen PyramidenDownload (PDF) | p. 112 - 117

  • U. Reinhardt, Rezension zu: Michael Neumann, Die fünf Ströme des Erzählens. Eine Anthropologie der Narration.Download (PDF) | p. 118 - 123

  • C. Rollinger, Rezension zu: Martin Jehne/Francisco Pina Polo (Hg.), Foreign clientelae in the Roman Empire. A ReconsiderationDownload (PDF) | p. 124 - 129

  • M. Steinmann, Rezension zu: Cicero’s De Provinciis Consularibus Oratio. Introduction and commentary by Luca GrilloDownload (PDF) | p. 130 - 138

  • R. Wiegels, Rezension zu: Werner Eck/Peter Funke (Hg.), Öffentlichkeit – Monument – Text: XIV Congressus Internationalis Epigraphiae Graecae et Latinae, 27.-31. Augusti MMXII – AktenDownload (PDF) | p. 139 - 146

Classical Youth Society Ireland Videos

Classical Youth Society Ireland
Classical Youth Society Ireland
We are here to popularise the study of Classics, Greek & Latin among young people in Ireland and provide accurate, unbiased information about the ancient world. Raise awareness about the importance of studying the ancient world in today's society.

Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange & Public Engagement

Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange & Public Engagement
Gabriel Bodard, Matteo Romanello (eds.)
 Ubiquity Press
Edited by organisers of “Digital Classicist” seminars in London and Berlin, this volume explores the impact of computational approaches to the study of antiquity on audiences other than the scholars who conventionally publish it. In addition to colleagues in classics and digital humanities, the eleven chapters herein concern and are addressed to students, heritage professionals and “citizen scientists”.

Each chapter is a scholarly contribution, presenting research questions in the classics, digital humanities or, in many cases, both. They are all also examples of work within one of the most important areas of academia today: scholarly research and outputs that engage with collaborators and audiences not only including our colleagues, but also students, academics in different fields including the hard sciences, professionals and the broader public. Collaboration and scholarly interaction, particularly with better-funded and more technically advanced disciplines, is essential to digital humanities and perhaps even more so to digital classics. The international perspectives on these issues are especially valuable in an increasingly connected, institutionally and administratively diverse world.

This book addresses the broad range of issues scholars and practitioners face in engaging with students, professionals and the public, in accessible and valuable chapters from authors of many backgrounds and areas of expertise, including language and linguistics, history, archaeology and architecture. This collection will be of interest to teachers, scientists, cultural heritage professionals, linguists and enthusiasts of history and antiquity.
  1. Learning By Doing: Learning to Implement the TEI Guidelines Through Digital Classics Publication

  2. Open Education and Open Educational Resources for the Teaching of Classics in the UK

  3. Epigraphers and Encoders: Strategies for Teaching and Learning Digital Epigraphy

  4. An Open Tutorial for Beginning Ancient Greek

  5. The Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank: Linguistic Annotation in a Teaching Environment

  6. Of Features and Models: A Reflexive Account of Interdisciplinarity across Image Processing, Papyrology, and Trauma Surgery

  7. Cultural Heritage Destruction: Experiments with Parchment and Multispectral Imaging

  8. Transparent, Multivocal, Cross-disciplinary: The Use of Linked Open Data and a Community-developed RDF Ontology to Document and Enrich 3D Visualisation for Cultural Heritage

  9. The Perseids Platform: Scholarship for all!

  10. Engaging Greek: Ancient Lives

  11. Ancient Inscriptions between Citizens and Scholars: The Double Soul of the EAGLE Project

Additional Information Published on 28 Apr 2016


Pages: 234



MARC Record
The MARC Record for this book will be available shortly.

ARCHIBAB News: Actualitées 2016

ARCHIBAB News: Actualitées 2016
Dans le cadre du financement du projet DIGIBARCHI par l'Université de Recherche PSL (Paris Sciences et Lettres) dont nous bénéficions pendant 24 mois (2016-17 ; voir http://www.digitorient.com/?page_id=2693), nous poursuivons notamment la mise en ligne de la totalité des photographies disponibles pour les textes de Mari déjà publiés (photos argentiques numérisées ou photos numériques). Les photos des tablettes de ARM 5 sont désormais disponibles sur ARCHIBAB ; merci à F. Nebiolo pour sa collaboration à ce projet.

La table BIBLIO compte désormais 4 604 fiches, avec références au total à 32 559 textes intégralement publiés.

La table TEXTES compte désormais 18 256 fiches, soit 56% du corpus.

Nouveautés (12 textes)
– Rositani KASKAL 12, 2015 (12 textes [DC]).

Travail rétrospectif (191 textes)
– Les 83 lettres de UET 5 [M. Stol et R. de Boer] ; voir R. de Boer, « Old Babylonian Letters from UET 5 in the Archibab Database », NABU 2016/5.
– Van De Mieroop, Or 63, 1994 (26 textes administratifs de Tell Leilan) [A.-I. Langlois & DC]
– 31 documents d'archives OB parus dans JCS [AJ] :
        Michalowski & Mısır, JCS 50, 1998 (1 texte)
        Robertson, JCS 36, 1984 (9 textes)
        Finkel, JCS 35, 1983 (2 textes)
        Foster, JCS 31, 1979 (1 texte)
        Rochberg-Halton & Zimansky, JCS 31, 1979 (5 textes)
        Ellis, JCS 31, 1979 (9 textes)
        Walker JCS 30, 1978 (4 textes)

– On a profité du traitement de KASKAL 12 pour entrer les autres étiquettes du même lot, notamment AUCT 5 228-257 (29 textes) et BRM 3 50-70 et 79a (22 textes).

– En outre, les 42 textes de Stol, JCS 34, 1982, déjà mis en ligne auparavant, sont désormais lemmatisés et tiennent compte des collations effectuées sur les tablettes de l'OI de Chicago par A. Jacquet et H. Reculeau en novembre 2015.

– De Graef, ATS 17, 2014 (7 textes [déjà entrés en déc. 2015 ; les collations de DC au British Museum ont été intégrées]).

April 30, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Aquae Urbis Romae: The Waters of the City of Rome

Aquae Urbis Romae: The Waters of the City of Rome
Katherine Wentworth Rinne (resume)
P r o j e c t   d e s c r i p t i o n
Aquae Urbis Romae: the Waters of the City of Rome is a cartographic history of nearly 2800 years of water infrastructure and urban development in Rome. Water is a living system that includes natural features (springs, the Tiber River, etc.) and hydraulic elements (aqueducts, bridges, fountains, etc.) that are linked through topography. Learn about the structure, methodology, and pedagogical goals of the project. First time users start here.

G.I.S. Timeline Map
Follow the urban development of Rome through a unique G.I.S. timeline map that chronicles changes to the water infrastructure system from 753 BC through the sixteenth century. See how sewers, aqueducts, fountains and other hydraulic elements changed the face of Rome, as important people like Agrippa, Emperor Nero and popes Sixtus V and Clement VIII, among others, used water as an element of political control.

S e a r c h
Search the archive for specific hydrological features (including springs or streams), infrastructure features (including aqueducts, bridges, and sewers), urban features (water mills and fountains for example), patrons (such as Agrippa, Nicolas V, or Sixtus V), and designers (such as Giacomo Della Porta, Gian Lorenzo Bernini), etc.

J o u r n a l
Historic maps, treatises and images are available here, including a high-resolution "Zoomify" copy of the 1551 Bufalini Plan of Rome. More maps are on the way.

We publish refereed articles contributed by scholars and graduate students in our new occasional on-line journal "The Waters of Rome". If you are interested in contributing, please contact us.

T i m e l i n e

T y p o l o g y

T o p o g r a p h y

ICONEM's digitalized 3D model of the Temple of Bel, Palmyra, post destruction

ICONEM's digitalized 3D model of the Temple of Bel, Palmyra, post destruction
In partnership with the DGAM, the ICONEM’s team was the first one to be in Palmyra since Daesh’s departure. New phase of the major project « Syrian Heritage », this mission has been an opportunity to give a clear picture of the damages suffered by the « pearl of the desert », and more specifically by the Temple of Bel as it has been left behind by Daesh fighters, using photogrammetry. 

The digitalized 3D model allows us to observe the existence of stone blocs remaining almost intact, meaning that there might be some hope for a partial reconstruction. Some other blocs however have been dynamited. 

ICONEM’s support in Palmyra has been found essential in order to document the appearance and state of the site right after it’s liberation, which is going to be helpful to the scientific community. Dedicated in 32 AD and consecrated to the protective divinity of Palmyra, the Mesopotamian god Bel, the Temple of Bel was before its destruction one of the best preserved antique temples of Syria.

EAGLE News: Europeana Network of Ancient Greek and Latin Epigraphy

PUBLISHED: Digital Classics outside the Echo-Chamber

The “Echo Chamber Volume” is now available as Open Access.

The Gold OA versions (PDF, Epub and Kindle) can be freely downloaded from the page at:


And paperback or hardback copies can be purchased (for £12.99 and £34.99 respectively) via Amazon or Bookdepository from the same link.


echo-chamberEdited by organisers of “Digital Classicist” seminars in London and Berlin, this volume explores the impact of computational approaches to the study of antiquity on audiences other than the scholars who conventionally publish it. In addition to colleagues in classics and digital humanities, the eleven chapters herein concern and are addressed to students, heritage professionals and “citizen scientists”.

Each chapter is a scholarly contribution, presenting research questions in the classics, digital humanities or, in many cases, both. They are all also examples of work within one of the most important areas of academia today: scholarly research and outputs that engage with collaborators and audiences not only including our colleagues, but also students, academics in different fields including the hard sciences, professionals and the broader public. Collaboration and scholarly interaction, particularly with better-funded and more technically advanced disciplines, is essential to digital humanities and perhaps even more so to digital classics. The international perspectives on these issues are especially valuable in an increasingly connected, institutionally and administratively diverse world.

This book addresses the broad range of issues scholars and practitioners face in engaging with students, professionals and the public, in accessible and valuable chapters from authors of many backgrounds and areas of expertise, including language and linguistics, history, archaeology and architecture. This collection will be of interest to teachers, scientists, cultural heritage professionals, linguists and enthusiasts of history and antiquity.


Download here the guide to Enhancing the Impact and Readership of the book, and undertake at least one of the 5 activities suggested therein. (More than one would be great also.)

A launch party for the volume will be held on Friday, June 10, at 18h00 in Senate House, London. Those of you who are in the UK, please try to come if you can, and if you can arrange to pass through town on that day, it would be great to see any of the rest of you as well! Just as it happens, this party will be shortly after a seminar on entity extraction from classical texts given by Dr Romanello, which you would all enjoy.

Mia Ridge (Open Objects)

April news in crowdsourcing, citizen science, citizen history

Another quick post with news on crowdsourcing in cultural heritage, citizen science and citizen history in April(ish) 2016… Acceptances for our DH2016 Expert Workshop: Beyond The Basics: What Next For Crowdsourcing? have been sent out. If you missed the boat, don’t panic! We’re taking a few more applications on a rolling basis to allow for … Continue reading April news in crowdsourcing, citizen science, citizen history

The post April news in crowdsourcing, citizen science, citizen history appeared first on Open Objects.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ASOR Archives Finding Aids Online

 [First posted in AWOL 13 July 2010. Updated 29 April 2016]

The ASOR Archives
The ASOR archives houses materials documenting a century's worth of ASOR's contributions to archaeology. The archive contains the papers of past ASOR presidents, records created by administrative bodies such as the Board of Trustees, the Executive Committee, and the Committee on Archaeological Policy, full runs of ASOR publications, and materials pertaining to excavations lead or participated in by ASOR.

Collections By Subject

Administrative Records Board of Trustees Records Excavation Records Dhahr Mirzbaneh Excavation Records Diban Excavation Records Khirbet et Tannur Excavation Records ASOR Excavation Records Issawiya Tomb Excavation Records Jerash Excavation Records Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection Shechem Excavation Records Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records
Photograph Collections American Palestine Exploration Society (A.P.E.S.) Photograph Collection Glass Plate Negatives Collection Nelson Glueck Photograph Collection
Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection

Presidential Records A. Henry Detweiler Papers Carl Kraeling Papers G. Ernest Wright Papers William Foxwell Albright Papers

Professional & Personal Papers Carl Kraeling Papers Clarence Fisher Papers Edmund Irwin Gordon Papers G. Ernest Wright Papers Nelson Glueck Papers Publications Biblical Archaeologist / Near Eastern Archaeology Collection ASOR Newsletter Collection Bulletin of ASOR Collection Journal of Cuneiform Studies Collection
Schools & Committees Agency for International Development Collection American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem (AIA Committee) Records ASOR Jerusalem School Records Ancient Manuscripts Committee Records Committee on Archaeological Policy
General Collections Subject File
Coll. 001. American Schools of Oriental Research Newsletter Collection
This collection contains a full run of the ASOR Newsletters from 1939-1995. The newsletters contain information about ASOR projects, events such as annual meetings and conferences, fundraising efforts, grant awards, and administrative announcements. Back issues from 1996 to the present are available online.

Coll. 002. William Foxwell Albright Papers
This collection contains the materials generated by William F. Albright during his ASOR presidency. The collection spans from 1936-1964, and includes materials from Albright's ASOR presidency. It includes a significant amount of correspondence with other archaeologists and ASOR colleagues regarding research, excavations, new archaeological methods, and logistical aspects of publishing ASOR bulletins, journals, scholarly papers and monographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 003. Ancient Manuscripts Committee Records
The Ancient Manuscripts Committee was originally founded as the Dead Sea Scrolls Committee. The majority of the collection is correspondence regarding the study, publication rights, and preservation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the funding of the Committee. The records date from 1963 to 1981. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 004. American Palestine Exploration Society Photograph Collection
The Tancrede Dumas Photograph Collection contains photographs of archaeological sites in Palestine and Lebanon. The photographs were taken during the 1875 expedition of the American Palestine Exploration Society. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 006. Board of Trustees Records
The Board of Trustees Collection contains board meeting minutes from 1921-1989. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 007. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research Collection
The BASOR Collection contains early volumes of the Bulletin, as well as original photographs, article submissions, and other materials published in the Bulletin. The materials date from 1919-1974. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 008. Committee on Archaeological Policy Records
The CAP Records document the committee's activities, such as providing funding and support to affiliated researchers. This collection has not yet been processed.

Coll. 009. American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem Records, held at the Archaeological Institute of America
ASOR began as a subcommittee of the AIA, and ASOR's earliest records are held there. The materials date from 1900 to the early 1920s. This collection is being processed.

Coll. 010. Nelson Glueck Papers
The Nelson Glueck Papers contain the professional correspondence, diaries, and photographs of this eminent biblical archaeologist. Materials in the collection date from the early 1930s to 2008. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 011. A. Henry Detweiler Papers
The A. Henry Detweiler Papers document Detweiler's years as ASOR president. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 012. Carl Kraeling Papers
The Kraeling Papers document Kraeling's years as ASOR president. The collection primarily contains correspondence with ASOR colleagues and archaeologists. Kraeling supported the continued study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and encouraged humanitarian awareness for Near Eastern refugees during a turbulent period in the area’s history. The records span from 1947 to 1955. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 013. Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records
The Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records document the ASOR excavation directed by Nelson Glueck from 1938 to 1940. The records include level books, artifact registries, excavation diaries, and photographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 014. Khirbet et-Tannur Excavation Records
The Khirbet et-Tannur Excavation Records document the 1938 excavation of a Nabataean temple. The excavation was directed by Nelson Glueck. The collection includes level books, excavation diaries, artifacts, and photographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 015. Edmund Irwin Gordon Papers
This collection documents the life and career of Edmund Gordon. Gordon was a scholar of Near Eastern languages. He served in WWII as a signal intelligence specialist, and later studied at the ASOR Jerusalem School. The collection spans 1934-1984. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 016 ASOR Jerusalem School Collection
This collection contains financial documents, ledgers, correspondence, as well as legal materials. All pertain to the administration of the school. The collection also contains artifact drawings and photographs of the many excavations affiliated with ASOR. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 017 Shechem Excavation Records
This collection contains administrative and financial records, correspondence, site reports, field notes, artifact registries, top plans, pottery drawings, and photographs of the site and artifacts found there. Additionally, the collection includes a manuscript of Shechem: The Biography of a Biblical City by G. Ernest Wright, as well as an operetta about the excavation that was written and performed by participants in the 1962 excavation season. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 018. G. Ernest Wright Papers
The G. Ernest Wright Papers span from 1957-1972. The collection primarily contains correspondence documenting ASOR administration, the founding of the journal Biblical Archaeologist, Wright's participation in the Shechem excavation, and his service as visiting archaeological director of Hebrew Union College. Wright was elected ASOR president in 1965, and worked with the organization until his death in 1974. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 019. Diban Excavation Records
This collection documents the excavation of Diban in Jordan by Frederick V. Winnett from 1950-1965. The collection contains photographs, correspondence, and artifacts registries. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 020. Clarence Fisher Papers
This collection primarily documents Fisher's academic and professional life. The collection contains his exhaustive pottery corpus, writings, architectural and artifact sketches, correspondence, creative writing, and excavation diaries. The bulk of the materials pertain to the analysis of Near Eastern pottery. The materials date from 1859-1957.

Coll. 021. Issawiya Tomb Excavation Records
This collection documents the excavation of a Herodian tomb discovered underneath a field on the hillock of Ras el Jami in Issawiya, a neighborhood of Jerusalem just north of Mount Scopus. The collection contains photographs and journals, and a diary kept by Carl Graesser. The collection spans 1970-1995. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 022 Jerash Excavation Records
The collection contains primarily photographs and correspondence documenting different areas of the excavation. Two sketchbooks include detailed architectural drawings and some journal entries. The General file has an excavation report. With this collection is a wood printing plate of the site map. The materials date from 1928 to 1952. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 023 Biblical Archaeologist / Near Eastern Archaeology Collection
This collection contains Biblical Archaeologist and Near Eastern Archaeology, magazines published by ASOR. The magazines contain scholarly articles, field notes, book reviews, and photographs all pertaining to the art, archaeology and history of the cultures of the ancient Near East. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 024 Journal of Cuneiform Studies Collection
This collection contains published journals between 1951 and 2009 with some gaps. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 025 Dhahr Mirzbaneh Excavation Records
This collection contains the original manuscript of Paul Lapp’s book, The Dhahr Mirzbaneh Tombs: Three Immediate Bronze Age Cemeteries in Jordan (1966), along with the figures and plates used in its creation. The collection also includes notes and drawings by architect David Voelter. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 026 Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection
This collection includes over 300 cyanotype photographs depicting artifacts, architecture, and scenes of excavation work from the Nippur Excavations of the University of Pennsylvania covering 1888-1900. In addition to their archaeological interest, the images are notable for their portrayal of the lives of the Arab laborers who worked on the excavation. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 027 The Nelson Glueck Photograph Collection
This collection contains a photograph index compiled for Glueck's research. The photographs documents hundreds of sites. Many, but not all of the photographs were taken by Glueck. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 028 Subject File
This collection contains miscellaneous materials organized alphabetically by subject. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 029 ASOR Excavation Records
This collection is comprised of grant applications, correspondence, financial records, newsletters, budgets, publications, reports, account books, and photographs from a number of ASOR affiliated excavations. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 030 ASOR Glass Plate Negative Collection
This collection contains glass plate negative photographs from Beth El, Beth Zur, Tel Beit Mirsim, and Tel el Ful. The photos were taken between 1932 - 1935. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 032 Agency for International Development Collection
This collection contains information about ASOR's relationship with the Agency for International Development (AID). The content includes correspondence, financial documents, grant proposals, and reports. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

April 29, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Newsletter / Euroclassica = Bulletin / Euroclassica

Newsletter / Euroclassica = Bulletin / Euroclassica
Euroclassica Logo 

Euroclassica, whose aims are pedagogical, cultural and scientific, has the following aims and objectives:
a) to bring together all the associations of teachers of classical languages and civilisations in Europe and to promote their cooperation;
b) to ensure the promotion and defence of the study of classical languages and civilisations, providing a unifying link and a powerful platform for cultural cohesion among European countries, especially through representation at international organisations;
c) to assert publicly the contemporary relevance of classical languages and civilisations, and to highlight the pressing need to teach them, fully respecting the autonomy of each country;
d) to encourage cooperation with associations outside Europe which have similar aims.

Newsletter 2016
Newsletter 2015
Newsletter 2014
Newsletter 2013
Newsletter 2012
Newsletter 2011
Newsletter 2010
Newsletter 2009
Newsletter 2008
Newsletter 2007

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Botweek's Closing Circle

By Erin Kissane, Lindsay Muscato

Botweek's Closing Circle

(Yolanda Sun)

We devote a whole week to bots every year because they make our lives easier, our work smoother, and tedious tasks more fun—and because it's increasingly clear that they’re going to be here for a while. So before we go, a brief moment of "We are…here."

Chat Bubbles

There was that Facebook thing, and the conversation about news bots and the business of journalism has reached a new peak. Bloomberg's editor in chief—having appointed an "automation czarina"—called automation "crucial to the future of journalism":

If we embrace it as a newsroom, apply the brains of our 2,400 journalists and analysts as well as the values of independence, transparency and rigor that Bloomberg’s journalism at its best exemplifies, then we can lead the rest of our industry—and write a lot of amazing stories in the process.

We already use automation quite a lot—to alert our readers to news, to customize news and to spot trends. It plays a big role in many of our new initiatives: In Daybreak, it will let customers tailor their morning news; our equity Movers project relies on computers to tell us when a share has jumped or sunk; Project Cyborg is helping our editors send headlines this earnings season on hundreds of U.S. companies; and computers are helping us instantly translate stories into other languages. But we have only scratched the surface.

Dan Grover, a messaging system product manager, sums up the chat-bot hyperbole at the beginning of a long post on the challenges of conversational UI:

Conversations, writes WIRED, can do things traditional GUIs can’t. Matt Hartman equates the surge in text-driven apps as a kind of “hidden homescreen”. TechCrunch says “forget apps, now bots take over”. The creator of Fin thinks it’s a new paradigm all apps will move to. Dharmesh Shah wonders whether the rise of conversational UI will be the downfall of designers. Design, says Emmet Connolly at Intercom is a conversation.

Benedict Evans prophecized that the new lay of the land is “all messaging expands until it includes software.”

Bot Complications

People have a lot of issues, and people make bots. So, gendered bots reinforce gender stereotypes. It also turns out, you might be talking to more humans than you think when you chat up a bot. And lest we forget, everyone's least-favorite chatbot, Clippy, was creepy from the get-go. (Here’s the man who killed him.)

The ethics of botmaking are also getting extra attention as large brand-connected bots begin stumbling in public more frequently. Stefan Bohacek, creator of Botwiki, made a code of conduct for botmakers, and has assembled an extensive primer on ways botmakers can make ethical bots. (He also runs a botmaker Slack that’s open for business, just DM @botwikidotorg.) Using the Tay debacle as a point of departure, Sarah Jeong digs deep on ethics and botbuilding with Darius Kazemi and other bot-builders:

As I spoke to each botmaker, it became increasingly clear that the community at large was tied together by crisscrossing lines of influence. There is a well-known body of talks, essays, and blog posts that form a common ethical code. The botmakers have even created open source blacklists of slurs that have become Step 0 in keeping their bots in line.

Under the Froth, People Are Working

While tech reporters and media executives ponder whether bots will save journalism, some journalists and developers are building highly ambitious bots to take on their work. Robin Kwong, special projects editor at the Financial Times, is building a bot to do (a large part of) his job:

I want to create a tool that will help other Financial Times editors do what I have become quite good at: running series and managing projects. I will produce this tool in three months’ time, by July 19.

This tool should be a newsroom resource for editors when they are put in charge of running a series or project. It should guide them through the process, ensure they enlist and notify the right people, and make sure that sufficient time is allocated for each part of the process.

This tool should establish best practices for running a series, standardise the production process, and encourage a project management culture. It should obviate the need for each editor to re-invent the wheel every time.

It should make editors’ lives easier, not more complicated. It needs to be very easy to find and incredibly visible. It needs to be intuitively and obviously useful because this will never work if its use is enforced or mandated.

And, of course, many news orgs have spun out their own bots on the Facebook Messenger platform. There’s TechCrunch, certainly. Wall Street Journal? Has one. Mic’s is maybe en route. CNN, check.

As we wrap our third year of #Botweek, the real variety of news bots is becoming clearer. This week alone, we've seen:

…and those are just the bots people had time to write about. Automation already provides practical assistance to journalist and newsrooms all over, and open source projects like these are making it ever easier for news organizations to take advantage of bot benefits.

So, How Do We Feel About Bots?

For now, until the bots take over, what happens next to bots in journalism is up to all of us.

As SmarterChild once said, "Well, what would you like to do?"

The Stoa Consortium

Digital Classics outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange and Public Engagement

We’re delighted to announce the publication of the latest volume of essays arising in part from the Digital Classicist seminars in London, Berlin and elsewhere, as an open access publication.

Gabriel Bodard and Matteo Romanello (2016). Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange and Public Engagement. London: Ubiquity Press. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/bat


Thanks to the generosity of the Knowledge Unlatched programme, this volume is available as Gold Open Access—i.e. you can freely download PDF, Epub or Kindle versions from the publisher’s site under a Creative Commons Attribution license. Print copies are also available for £34.99 hc, £12.99 pb. Review copies will be circulated to appropriate journals and similar venues.

DigPal Blog

MMSDA Lecture 2: Book Conservation and DH

In addition to the public lecture by Arianna Ciula (reported here previously), a second public lecture will also be held as part of the Medieval and Modern Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age programme (MMSDA). This lecture will be given by Alberto Campagnolo, a book conservator and Digital Humanities specialist. The title and details are as follows:

Books as Objects of Use and Objects of Meaning. Book Conservation and Digital Humanities

Where: Little Hall, Sidgewick Site, Cambridge.
When: Monday 2 May, 5:30–6:30pm, followed by a drinks reception.

Books are objects in primis. They do contain important written information, but their physicality is also a silent witness that needs to be read, and preserved. Traditionally, for museum objects, the balance between their meaning and their usefulness tends heavily towards the former. When it comes to books, things get more complicated, as these artefacts are both regarded as meaningful per se, and useful (for one needs to access and preserve the text they contain). Often in the past, the usefulness of the artefact book outvalued its own meaning as artefact. Modern book conservation strives to keep the balance as even as possible, but this means that there is — and there should be — a limit to what book conservators can do, scalpel at hand, physically on books. These physical limits can be overcome with the collaboration between conservation and digital humanities, and this is where the magic happens: the artefact can be saved for its own meaning, and its usefulness can be enhanced through digital means.

Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

How We Made a Bot that Pours Wine on Television

By Andrew Pinzler

How We Made a Bot that Pours Wine on Television

The WineBOT, designed in-house at TODAY, powered by Twitter love.

I don’t wear a lab coat to my job at the NBC News’ TODAY show, although it may sound like I should, given my title: Head of Innovation Labs. But I do approach every project as an experiment—where we quickly and inexpensively build, measure, and iterate on tech that supports our brand.

Recently, that included making a Twitter-connected bot which pours real wine, live on television. Seriously.

How the WineBOT Began

One day last fall, I was at my desk tinkering on an internet-connected candy dispenser for the Halloween show. A colleague noticed what I was working on, and he asked, “Hey, can we do something that pours wine?”

(The question makes more sense if I explain that, while Kathie Lee Gifford and Hoda Kotb are hosting the fourth hour of TODAY, they usually drink wine.)

I thought, yeah, something that pours wine could be an interesting technical project. But we’d need a logical reason to use it during the show. We never pitch new lab projects by saying, “I want to do something with [insert name of cool tech XYZ here]. Rather, it needs to be, “Here’s how this can enhance the experience for our viewers or users.”

For a wine-pouring bot, I realized we might actually have a great hook. Kathie Lee and Hoda often fall on opposite sides of whatever topic they’re discuss during the show. Plus, we regularly do Twitter hashtag battles during the earlier hours of the show.

So, to combine all of those pieces: As Kathie Lee and Hoda discuss and debate, we could hold a hashtag battle where the “score” is being tallied by a bot. A bot that pours wine. A WineBOT.

I built the first proof-of-concept prototype and demoed it to the broadcast producers. They loved it, and I immediately started working on the version of it that we use now.

How the WineBOT Works

The technology behind the WineBOT is actually pretty simple. The main piece of hardware is an Arduino Uno that has two DC motor liquid pumps, two relays, and two buttons. Each of the liquid pumps has two long, food-safe tubes attached, one that goes into a wine bottle and the other that goes into the glass. The buttons are just for priming the pumps, right before the start of the hashtag battle.

Also, since we were dealing with wine, we needed a way to protect the hardware from getting wet when something eventually spilled. So I procured a plastic enclosure box, one that’s normally used for housing utility cables on the outside of a home or building.

For the software portion of this, I hooked the Arduino into my laptop, and I use the node.js library johnny-five to control the hardware. For the real-time hashtag gathering, I use Twitter’s Streaming API via a version of the Twit library, which I modified so it could work properly inside our corporate network firewalls. The software listens for the two hashtags “#TeamKLG” and “#TeamHoda” and each tweet turns on one of the pumps for one half of a second.

Right after the hashtags are announced on the show, we get a flood of tweets at pretty much the same time. If the pump we want to turn on is already in use, the software just “banks” those additional tweets until the pump is free, and then it sends those saved tweets through.

While I was building out the technology, our amazing design department at TODAY mocked up what the prop that sits in our kitchen set would look like:

Sketch from the TODAY design department

How the WineBOT Looks

From an audience perspective, the WineBOT works like this: The hosts pose a question to the audience, and each host then states the case for her particular answer. We then ask the audience, on broadcast and on social, to tweet with the hashtags #TeamKLG or #TeamHoda, depending on which host they agree with. Every time someone tweets #TeamKLG, Kathie Lee’s glass gets a little more white wine. Every time someone tweets #TeamHoda, Hoda’s glass gets a little more red wine. Both the hosts and the audience can see who is “winning” just by looking at the fullness of the glasses.

The show now uses it almost every Wednesday (or as we call it, “Winesday Wednesday”), when the hosts disagree on something. Here is the WineBOT in action.

WineBOT and the Bigger Picture

NBC News is a large, traditional media organization. How do I get unusual tech projects, like the WineBOT, approved, built, and embraced?

I’ve been granted a certain amount of freedom to try new things and as long as, regardless of overall success or failure of the experiment, we always learn something. I firmly believe there are many people inside larger organizations that have the drive and capabilities to experiment responsibly with new ideas, platforms and technology and we just need to give them some leeway.

Also, while that freedom is important, I believe that embedding myself in the team has really been the key. Unlike innovation roles or teams you might find at other large companies, I see myself in much more of a supportive and facilitative role and much less a visionary role. I use my background in business and engineering to evaluate ideas and execute on the feasible concepts that we genuinely believe will enhance the stories that we want to share with our audience.

The WineBOT is a great example of how a spark of an idea can come from the larger team. Kyle Michael Miller, who manages Kathie Lee and Hoda’s social presence, asked me that original question as I sat tinkering at my desk with a candy machine. In the lab, we look for “eureka” moments everywhere.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Help crowd source the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) Abydos Tomb cards Cemetery O, P, and Y archives

3 Egyptian Archaeology Projects: Egyptian archaeological crowd-sourcing
This application enables the transcription of archive cards from the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) Abydos Tomb cards Cemetery O, P, and Y archives. Images will be drawn from the EES Flickr feed and redisplayed in the browser window. The EES would like the following information to be transcribed for them to create a searchable archive for their records.
These fields are:
  • Excavator's or finder's name
  • Date of discovery
  • Record number
  • Descriptive data
  • Whether the card maybe a reverse
The object cards have been scanned by EES volunteers.

This project is on behalf of:

This application is on behalf of the Egypt Exploration Society.
EES logo

MicroPasts: Crowd-sourcing

Help us gather high quality research data about our human history

You can assist existing research projects with tasks that need human intelligence, such as the accurate location of artefact findspots or photographed scenes, the identification of subject matter in historic archives, the masking of photos meant for 3D modelling, or the transcription of letters and catalogues. Other tasks might require on-location contributions by members of the public, such as submitting your own photographs of particular archaeological sites or objects. By contributing to a MicroPasts project you will:
  • Have a direct impact on research in archaeology, history and heritage
  • Help with tasks that computers cannot do
  • Develop skills that interest you
  • Produce results that will be open and freely usable
To start contributing, just choose one of our Featured Projects below or visit our full list of ongoing Projects.


Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

Do News Bots Dream of Electric Sheep?

By Samantha Sunne

Do News Bots Dream of Electric Sheep?


Bots have been making the news more and more lately, partly due to the underlying technology becoming more common, and partly due to bots becoming rampaging racists. PCWorld recently suggested that 2016 may be “the year of the bots.” But if you read the article, all the examples are of chatbots—bots, to be sure, but only a subset.

What Is This Thing Called Bot?

A bot—to use the broadest sense—is merely “an agent that does an automated process,” said Alexis Lloyd, who creates bots and other cutting edge projects at the New York Times Research & Development Lab.

But if a “bot” is simply a computer program with an automated function, doesn’t that make everything from TweetDeck to your spam filter a bot? “That’s where it gets fuzzy,” Lloyd said.

She and a dozen other bot experts wrote a “botifesto” earlier this year, challenging readers to think critically about programs they write that could take on unintended consequences.

“One distinguishing feature of bots is that they are semi-autonomous: they exhibit behavior that is partially a function of the intentions that a programmer builds into them, and partially a function of algorithms and machine learning abilities that respond to a plenitude of inputs,” the botifesto read.

For Lloyd and other journalist botmakers, there's a spectrum of “bots,” ranging from the simplest automation to the most complex artificial intelligence. The more a bot is able to make its own inferences and decisions, the farther it moves up the spectrum toward true AI.

Automation vs. Intelligence

Justin Myers works on a team at the Associated Press that has the express goal of automating similar reports, like quarterly earnings. “I would not go so far as to say ‘AI’ for anything that I’m doing and don’t expect to for a very long time," he said. “I tend to just use ‘automation.’”

In his mind, AI is a computer program with less human supervision—as in, you could run it and what it does could surprise you.

Take Tay. Microsoft’s disastrous chatbot went from imitating a teenage girl to imitating a Nazi extremist in less than a day. Tay was a Twitter bot—a piece of code that inputs and outputs tweets. And yet, everyone from The Guardian to TechCrunch was referring to Tay as an “AI bot." At what point does a Twitter bot—a technology so simple, it’s used to teach kids to code—qualify as “Artificial Intelligence”?

Microsoft hasn’t shared details on how its team made Tay, but it may have involved tools like machine learning and natural language processing. Myers noted that even though the bot interacted with users on Twitter, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s a simple Twitter bot.

“I think I would make the distinction between the content and how it’s created versus the interface," he said.

Meredith Broussard, one of the authors of the Vice botifiesto, published a study last year called “AI in Investigative Reporting.” She agreed that there’s both overlap and confusion between terms like “automation” and “AI.”

For her own purposes, she said she thinks of a bot as akin to an IF/THEN statement, unlike the more complex AI programming. “Behind the scenes, everything that a bot does can be converted into math," she said.

Tay may have used NLP and machine learning—we don’t know for sure, since Microsoft hasn’t released its code. Those are part of a class of computer programs that many people refer to as “AI,” Broussard said. It follows, then, that a program utilizing those tools would be an AI program.

But if there’s one thing the experts can agree on, it’s that no one can agree on how to define these things. Lloyd, at NYTLabs, said some data scientists don’t want to refer to machine learning and natural language processing as AI.

Lloyd’s definition for AI, she said, is if the computer has a set of processes or rubrics by which it can make its own decisions. It has a framework, essentially, to make decisions it wasn’t explicitly programmed to do.

Robot Terrors

When I was working as a reporter on Reuters’ data team, I automated some of the articles I was writing. The reports were routine, repetitious and data-heavy: the perfect kind of task to pawn off on a computer.

I was chatting with a colleague, who had been covering this issue for years, and made an offhand joke about replacing our team with robots. But it wasn’t a bot, really—I was just making conversation. All I’d done was write a computer program, inside our CMS, that autocompleted sentences based on data from Reuters’ Eikon program, which updated automatically. If I hadn’t been joking with the reporter, I wouldn’t even have referred to it as a robot.

Myers shared a funny story he’d heard from colleagues at the AP: more than once, a visitor had come to their headquarters in New York, curious about the automation team. “People have asked to see the robot,” he said.

It’s funny to think of a human-looking robot, sitting patiently at a desk at the AP and typing away at quarterly earnings reports, and yet, that’s the kind of real confusion that gets created by throwing these terms around.

Myers said he’d like to see more transparency and precision in how journalists refer to their bots—or, automation or artificial intelligence programs. While there appears to be a spectrum of complexity, ranging from simple automation to intense neural networking programs, the points along that spectrum have yet to be nailed down.

“There still needs to be a lot more transparency,” Myers said, “(We’re) in a business where precision of language is really important.”

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Quick Hits and Varia

It feels like Spring finally here in North Dakotaland with highs in the lower 60s and that particular light when we recognize that the sun is just a little higher in the sky.

Lots of cool stuff this week: we’re soliciting submissions for a special volume of North Dakota Quarterly on the work of Thomas McGrath; we’re moving ahead with the North Dakota Outrage Summit; a cool Kickstarter project, Intersection Journal, and some thoughts on crowdfunding the public humanities; and two pieces that reflect on slow.

It will be a nice weekend and perfect for some quick hits and varia.

IMG 4553So bored.