Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

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February 26, 2020

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Entretiens sur l’Antiquité classique

[First posted in AWOL 3 August 2018, updated 26 February 2020]

Entretiens sur l’Antiquité classique
As part of the agreement signed on 12 November 2015 between the Hardt Foundation and the Swiss National Library, the series of Entretiens sur l’Antiquité classique (since 1952) has been digitised and is now accessible online with a moving wall of three years on the platforms e-periodica.ch and E-Helvetica Access.
Detailed list of published volumes
LXVI. Psychologie de la couleur dans le monde gréco romain, 2019 (to be published in August 2020)
LXV.  Formes et fonctions des langues littéraires en Grèce ancienne, 2018 (2019)
LXIV. La nuit : imaginaire et réalités nocturnes dans le monde gréco-romain, 2017 (2018)
LXIII. Economie et inégalité : ressources, échanges et pouvoir dans l’Antiquité classique, 2016 (2017)
LXII. La rhétorique du pouvoir. Une exploration de l’art oratoire délibératif grec, 2015  (2016)
LXI. Cosmologies et cosmogonies dans la littérature antique, 2014 (2015)
LX. Le jardin dans l’Antiquité, 2013 (2014)
LIX. Les Grecs héritiers des Romains, 2012 (2013)
LVIII. L’organisation des spectacles dans le monde romain, 2011 (2012)
LVII. Entre Orient et Occident : la philosophie et la science gréco-romaines dans le monde arabe, 2010 (2011)
LVI. Démocratie athénienne – démocratie moderne : tradition et influences, 2009 (2010)
LV. Eschyle à l’aube du théâtre occidental, 2008 (2009)
LIV. Sécurité collective et ordre public dans les sociétés anciennes, 2007 (2008)
LIII. Rites et croyances dans les religions du monde romain, 2006 (2007)
LII. La poésie épique grecque : métamorphoses d’un genre littéraire, 2005 (2006)
LI. L’apologétique chrétienne gréco-latine à l’époque prénicénienne, 2004 (2005)
L. Sénèque le tragique, 2003 (2004)
XLIX. Galien et la philosophie, 2002 (2003)
XLVIII. Callimaque, 2001 (2002)
XLVII. L’histoire littéraire immanente dans la poésie latine, 2000 (2001)
XLVI. La révolution romaine après Ronald Syme. Bilans et perspectives, 1999 (2000)
XLV. Hermann Diels (1848-1922) et la science de l’Antiquité, 1998 (1999)
XLIV. La biographie antique, 1997 (1998)
XLIII. Médecine et morale dans l’Antiquité, 1996 (1997)
XLII. Les littératures techniques dans l’Antiquité romaine : statut, public et destination, tradition, 1995 (1996)
XLI. Pausanias historien, 1994 (1996)
XL. La philologie grecque à l’époque hellénistique et romaine, 1993 (1994)
XXXIX. Horace : l’œuvre et les imitations : un siècle d’interprétations, 1992 (1993)
XXXVIII. Aristophane, 1991 (1993)
XXXVII. Le sanctuaire grec, 1990 (1992)
XXXVI. Sénèque et la prose latine, 1989 (1991)
XXXV. Hérodote et les peuples non grecs, 1988 (1990)
XXXIV. L’Eglise et l’Empire au IVe siècle, 1987 (1989)
XXXIII. Opposition et résistances à l’Empire d’Auguste à Trajan, 1986 (1987)
XXXII. Aspects de la philosophie hellénistique, 1985 (1986)
XXXI. Pindare, 1984 (1985)
XXX. La fable, 1983 (1984)
XXIX. Sophocle, 1982 (1983)
XXVIII. Eloquence et rhétorique chez Cicéron, 1981 (1982)
XXVII. Le sacrifice dans l’Antiquité, 1980 (1981)
XXVI. Les études classiques aux XIXe et XXe siècles : Leur place dans l’histoire des 
idées, 1979 (1980)
XXV. Le classicisme à Rome aux Iers siècles avant et après J.-C., 1978 (1979)
XXIV. Lucrèce, 1977 (1978)
XXIII. Christianisme et formes littéraires de l’Antiquité tardive en Occident, 1976 (1977)
XXII. Alexandre le Grand. Image et réalité, 1975 (1976)
XXI. De Jamblique à Proclus, 1974 (1975)
XX. Polybe, 1973 (1974)
XIX. Le culte des souverains dans l’empire Romain, 1972 (1973)
XVIII. Pseudepigrapha I. Pseudopythagorica – Lettres de Platon. Littérature pseudépigraphique juive, 1971 (1972)
XVII. Ennius, 1971 (1972)
XVI. Ménandre, 1969 (1970)
XV. Lucain, 1968 (1970)
XIV. L’épigramme grecque, 1967 (1969)
XIII. Les origines de la république romaine, 1966 (1967)
XII. Porphyre, 1965 (1966)
XI. La « Politique » d’Aristote, 1964 (1965)
X. Archiloque, 1963 (1964)
IX. Varron, 1962 (1963)
VIII. Grecs et Barbares, 1961 (1962)
VII. Hésiode et son influence, 1960 (1962)
VI. Euripide, 1958 (1960)
V. Les sources de Plotin, 1957 (1960)
IV. Histoire et historiens dans l’Antiquité, 1956 (1958)
III. Recherches sur la tradition platonicienne, 1955 (1957)
II. L’influence grecque sur la poésie latine de Catulle à Ovide, 1953 (1956)
I. La notion du divin depuis Homère jusqu’à Platon, 1952 (1954)

Open Access Monograph Series: Studies in the history of the ancient Near East

Studies in the history of the ancient Near East

Open Access Monograph Series: Eckley B. Coxe Junior expedition to Nubia

Eckley B. Coxe Junior expedition to Nubia

See AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

The Signal: Digital Preservation

New Collaboration between LC Labs, British Library, and the Zooniverse

We’re excited to share this news: the LC Labs team will collaborate with the British Library and the Zooniverse on an Arts & Humanities Research Council UK-US Partnership Development Grant. The project is titled “From crowdsourcing to digitally-enabled participation: the state of the art in collaboration, access, and inclusion for cultural heritage institutions,” resulting from this call. The project will convene experts in several ways over the next 12 months. Together, these groups will describe and document practical approaches and future paths in crowdsourcing through a book sprint, and open comment period, and a follow up workshop. Read more details below, shared courtesy of the British Library Digital Scholarship blog; previously posted here.

* * *

New project! ‘From crowdsourcing to digitally-enabled participation: the state of the art in collaboration, access, and inclusion for cultural heritage institutions’

We - Mia Ridge (British Library), Meghan Ferriter (Library of Congress, LC Labs) and Sam Blickhan (Zooniverse) – are excited to announce that we’ve been awarded an AHRC UK-US Partnership Development Grant. Our overarching goals are:

  • To foster an international community of practice in crowdsourcing in cultural heritage
  • To capture and disseminate the state of the art and promote knowledge exchange in crowdsourcing and digitally-enabled participation
  • To set a research agenda and generate shared understandings of unsolved or tricky problems that could lead to future funding applications

How will we do that?

We’re holding a five day collaborative ‘book sprint’ (or writing workshop) at the Peale Center for Baltimore History and Architecture in April 2020. Working with up to 12 other collaborators, we’ll write a high-quality book that provides a comprehensive, practical and authoritative guide to crowdsourcing and digitally-enabled participation projects in the cultural heritage sector. We want to provide an effective road map for cultural institutions hoping to use crowdsourcing for the first time and a resource for institutions already using crowdsourcing to benchmark their work.

In the spirit of digital participation, we’ll publish a commentable version of the book online with an open call for feedback from the extended international community of crowdsourcing practitioners, academics and volunteers. We’re excited about including the expertise of those unable to attend the book sprint in our final open access publication.

The book sprint will close with a short debrief session to capture suggestions about gaps in the field and sketch the agenda for the closing workshop.

In October 2020 we’re holding a workshop at the British Library for up to 25 participants to interrogate, refine and advance questions raised during the year and identify high priority gaps and emerging challenges in the field that could be addressed by future research collaborations. We’ll work with a community manager to ensure that remote participants are integrated into the event as much as possible, which will lower our carbon footprint and let people contribute without getting on a plane.

We’ll publish a white paper reporting on this workshop, outlining emerging, intractable and unsolved challenges that could be addressed by further funding for collaborative work.

Finally, we want this project to help foster the wonderful community of crowdsourcing practitioners, participants and researchers by hosting events and online discussion.

Why now?

For several years, crowdsourcing has provided a framework for online participation with, and around, cultural heritage collections. This popularity leads to increased participant expectations while also attracting criticism such as accusations of ‘free labour’. Now, the introduction of machine learning, AI methods, and co-creation and new models of ownership and authorship present significant challenges for institutions used to managing interactions with collections on their own terms.

How can you get involved?

Our call for participants in our April Book Sprint is still open - extended call closing 02/26, so be swift!

Our final workshop will be held in mid- or late-October. The easiest way to get updates such as calls for contributors and links to blog posts is to sign up for the British Library’s crowdsourcing newsletters or join the Crowdsourcing group on Humanities Commons.

* * *

You can also learn more about and participate in By the People crowdsourcing program at the Library of Congress:

We look forward to sharing more updates as the project progresses – in the meantime, share your questions and comments below!

Dan Cohen's Digital Humanities Blog

More than THAT

“Less talk, more grok.” That was one of our early mottos at THATCamp, The Humanities and Technology Camp, which started at the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University in 2008. It was a riff on “Less talk, more rock,” the motto of WAAF, the hard rock station in Worcester, Massachusetts.

And THATCamp did just that: it widely disseminated an understanding of digital media and technology, provided guidance on the ways to apply that tech toward humanistic ends like writing, reading, history, literature, religion, philosophy, libraries, archives, and museums, and provided space and time to dream of new technology that could serve humans and the humanities, to thousands of people in hundreds of camps as the movement spread. (I would semi-joke at the beginning of each THATCamp that it wasn’t an event but a “movement, like the Olympics.”) Not such a bad feat for a modestly funded, decentralized, peer-to-peer initiative.

THATCamp as an organization has decided to wind down this week after a dozen successful years, and they have asked for reflections. My reflection is that THATCamp was, critically, much more than THAT. Yes, there was a lot of technology, and a lot of humanities. But looking back on its genesis and flourishing, I think there were other ingredients that were just as important. In short, THATCamp was animated by a widespread desire to do academic things in a way that wasn’t very academic.

As the cheeky motto implied, THATCamp pushed back against the normal academic conference modes of panels and lectures, of “let me tell you how smart I am” pontificating, of questions that are actually overlong statements. Instead, it tried to create a warmer, helpful environment of humble, accessible peer-to-peer teaching and learning. There was no preaching allowed, no emphasis on your own research or projects.

THATCamp was non-hierarchical. Before the first THATCamp, I had never attended a conference—nor have I been to one since my last THATCamp, alas—that included tenured and non-tenured and non-tenure-track faculty, graduate and undergraduate students, librarians and archivists and museum professionals, software developers and technologists of all kinds, writers and journalists, and even curious people from well beyond academia and the cultural heritage sector—and that truly placed them at the same level when the entered the door. Breakout sessions always included a wide variety of participants, each with something to teach someone else, because after all, who knows everything.

Finally, as virtually everyone who has written a retrospective has emphasized, THATCamp was fun. By tossing off the seriousness, the self-seriousness, of standard academic behavior, it freed participants to experiment and even feel a bit dumb as they struggled to learn something new. That, in turn, led to a feeling of invigoration, not enervation. The carefree attitude was key.

Was THATCamp perfect, free of issues? Of course not. Were we naive about the potential of technology and blind to its problems? You bet, especially as social media and big tech expanded in the 2010s. Was it inevitable that digital humanities would revert to the academic mean, to criticism and debates and hierarchical structures? I suppose so.

Nevertheless, something was there, is there: THATCamp was unapologetically engaging and friendly. Perhaps unsurprisingly, I met and am still friends with many people who attended the early THATCamps. I look at photos from over a decade ago, and I see people that to this day I trust for advice and good humor. I see people collaborating to build things together without much ego.

Thankfully, more than a bit of the THATCamp spirit lingers. THATCampers (including many in the early THATCamp photo above) went on to collaboratively build great things in libraries and academic departments, to start small technology companies that helped others rather than cashing in, to write books about topics like generosity, to push museums to release their collections digitally to the public. All that and more.

By cosmic synchronicity, WAAF also went off the air this week. The final song they played was “Black Sabbath,” as the station switched at midnight to a contemporary Christian format. THATCamp was too nice to be that metal, but it can share in the final on-air words from WAAF’s DJ: “Well, we were all part of something special.”

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Excavations at Corinth in Hesperia

I really like Hesperia. It’s the journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. The quality of production and editing is outstanding and I can find something interesting in almost every issue that appears. I’ve submitted a few articles to Hesperia over my career, in part, because my work fits their remit, but also because the results are such fine quality. I know that they treat even the most modest contribution to the journal with the same care and attention that they lavish on the most dynamic, important, or sophisticated article.

This past issue had a long article on recent excavations at Corinth, “Corinth, 2018: Northeast of the Theater” by the project’s new director Chris Pfaff. The article is over 65 pages and I’d guess about 20,000 words of text plus another 10,000 of notes and bibliography; by my count, the article clocked in at just under 35,000 words. It was pretty amazing, and I keep going back to it. Unlike many Hesperia articles, Pfaff’s article lacks a clear thesis. It’s not an argument. And what makes it most wonderful to me is that it doesn’t even have a conclusion. In fact, it just ends after the description of some kind of early modern or medieval ditch that cut across part of the site. That’s it. A “Diagonal Ditch.”

Here’s the final paragraph:

The purpose of the diagonal ditch remains unknown. No masonry of any kind was found within it to support the idea that it served as a founda­tion trench for a built structure. Its great length would be consistent with a ditch to accommodate a drain or pipeline, but no drain tiles or pipes came to light in the fill. In general, the finds from the fill, including an equine cranium, can be characterized as refuse that has no association with the original function of the ditch.

This isn’t the say that the article was pointless, of course. Part of me suspects that this article represents a throwback to a tradition of reporting on the annual work at a site. When we started our project on Cyprus, for example, we published short descriptive annual reports in the Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus that we hoped would let folks know that a particular site existed, give them a sense for what we found, and announce ourselves as serious archaeologists doing serious work. They were provisional and preliminary, and, to my mind, a fine thing for a junior scholar to write when starting work on their first project.

This logic, of course, does not apply to Corinth. Chris Pfaff is a senior scholar and nothing in the report would strike someone casually familiar with Corinth as surprising. Most of the material is Late Roman in date, most of it derives from secondary contexts as one would expect at a continuously occupied site, and none of the results would challenge long held views or announce some distinct, new aspect in the history of the city.

Instead, the article simply runs up the flag that work is ongoing. It appears, from what I can tell, to be continuing in the same vein as excavations over the last 20 years. The article lacks much in the way of a formal catalogue, assemblages are only presented in a summary way, the architecture and features consist primarily of walls, roads, and known buildings (like the Late Antique “Good Seasons” mosaic and the course of the Late Roman (perhaps 6th century?) fortification wall). None of these features is published in enough detail to be considered a final publication. It’s nice to know that they are still there though and to know someone cares.

What’s great about this article is its attention to description. Rather than present some sweeping conclusion, launch into some theoretically overwrought article, or attempt some kind of exhaustive review of past literature, this article simply describes things. In other words, in its unusual way, it takes things seriously, even when these things are a “diagonal ditch” with the skull of a horse and some early 20th century artifacts in it. By putting aside, at least explicitly, the need for a formal thesis, Pfaff’s article refuses to reduce the “things” of archaeology to the status of evidence in the service of an argument. Even the occasional objects in the article that received more careful description floated against an ambiguous background and often lacked fully developed archaeological context. At best they represent types of evidence as if to say that the excavators have this kind of thing and this kind of thing can speak to chronology, function, or context. But at no point do they unpack the entire context of a strata or an assemblage. They do, as one would expect, locate the objects within a context, but this remains hard to understand to a reader because most contexts are not fully described. Thus this treatment of things alludes to a context, but also avoids becoming unduly burdened by it. The photographs of the objects against a white background reinforce their independence and integrity.

Pfaff 2020 hesperia pdf  page 25 of 67 2020 02 26 07 32 44

This image of iron hobnails(?) could inspire a volume of essays.

Pfaff 2020 hesperia pdf  page 28 of 67 2020 02 26 07 38 34

It’s also worth noting that this article also lacks people. Some of the previous excavators are present: Henry Robinson and Charles Williams make cameos to personify their interpretations and work, but the 2018 excavations largely occurred without human intervention. There are no decisions presented and the descriptions of features and things stand on their own. This is both bracing and just a bit disconcerting. A generation of reflexive practices and methodological preoccupation which have so frequently sought to diminish the significance of things in the name of relationships with humans is refreshingly absent.

In the end, this article is provocative. I calls into question the goals of archaeological publication. Surely, it is not meant to be a definitive “final” publication. As I’ve said, it’s also not meant to be a preliminary report. No one needs to 30,000+ to know that Corinth has a prosperous and complex Roman and Late Roman phase. It doesn’t offer enough detail or context for regular citation. The objects represented throughout are generally of a type that is known both at Corinth and more broadly in Southern Greece and the Peloponnesus.

Instead, the purpose of this article appears to be simply to present these things, features, and lightly sketched contexts. Hesperia’s typically fine and careful style allows the things to stand on their own and largely to speak for themselves and, in some way, speak to themselves (rather to other things or to some kind of abstract notion of argument, assemblage, or context). As such the article is both a step backward in time to a day when such reports regularly appeared in scholarly journals to let far flung colleagues know about “the work of the School” as well as a step forward in a practice of presenting things in a disconcertingly discrete way.

Spellbound Blog

THATCamp Reflections

THATCamp 2008 Badges

My path to the inaugural THATCamp started at the Society of American Archivist’s 2006 annual meeting in DC. I was a local grad student presenting my first poster: Communicating Context in Online Collections – and handing out home-printed cards for my blog. When I ran out, I just wrote the URL on scraps of paper. I found my way to session 510: Archives Seminar: Possibilities and Problems of Digital History and Digital Collections, featuring Dan Cohen and Roy Rosenzweig, described in the SAA program as follows:

The co-authors of Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web lead a discussion of their book and, in particular, the possibilities of digital history and of collecting the past online. The discussion includes reflections on the September 11 Digital Archive and the new Hurricane Digital Memory Bank, which collects stories, images, and other digital material related to hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma.

The full hour and twenty-four minutes audio recording is available online if you want to dive down that particular rabbit hole.

2006 was early in the “archives blogging” landscape. It was the era of finding and following like-minded colleagues. RSS and feed readers! People had conversations in the comments. 2006 was the year I launched my blog. My post about Dan & Roy’s session was only the 9th post on my site. I was employed full time doing Oracle database work at Discovery and working towards my MLS in the University of Maryland’s CLIS (now iSchool) program part-time. So I added Dan’s blog to the list of the blogs I read. When Dan invited people to come to THATCamp in January of 2008 and I realized it was local – I signed up. You can see my nametag in the “stack of badges” photo above. For a taste of my experiences that day, take a look at my 2008 THATCamp blog posts.

In 2008, the opportunity to sit in a room of people who were interested in the overlap of technology and humanities was exciting. As a part-time graduate student (and wife and mother of a 6-year-old), I spent almost no time on campus. I did most of my thinking about archives and technology at home late at night in the glow of my computer screen. There was not a lot of emphasis on the digital in my MLS program at UMD. I had to find that outside the classroom.

The connections I made at that first THATCamp extend to today. As mentioned elsewhere, I was part of the group who put together the first regional THATCamp in Austin as a one-evening side-event for the Society of American Archivists Annual Meeting in 2009. I swear that Ben Brumfield and I were just going to meet for dinner while I was in Austin, where he lives, for SAA. Somehow that turned into “Why not throw a THATCamp?”. How great to have no idea of the scale of what we were taking on! Ben did an amazing job of documenting what we learned and tips for future organizers, including giving yourself more time to plan, reaching out to as diverse a group as possible, and planning an event that lasted longer than four hours. All that said, it was a glorious and crazy evening. I still have my t-shirt. While our discussions might have been more archives-skewed than at most THATCamps, it also gave lots of archivists a taste of what THATCamp and un-conferences were like. Looking through the posts on the THATCamp Austin website, there was clearly an appetite for the event. We could easily have had enough topics to discuss to fill a weekend – but only had time for two one hour session slots, plus a speed round of “dork shorts” lightning talks.

I know I went to other THATCamps along the way. I graduated with my MLS in 2009. I started an actual day-job as an archivist in July of 2011 at the World Bank. Suddenly I got paid to think about archives all day – and I didn’t need my blog in the way I used to. I started writing more fiction and attending conferences dedicated to digital preservation. Somewhere in there, I went to the 2012 THATCamp Games at UMD.

THATCamps brought together enthusiastic people from so many different types of digital and humanities practice — all with their own perspectives and their own problems to solve. We don’t get many opportunities to cross-pollinate among those from academia and the public and private sectors. Those early conversations were my first steps towards ideas about how archivists might collaborate with professionals from other communities on digital challenges and innovations. In fact, I can see threads stretching from the very first THATCamp all the way to my Partners for Preservation book project.

Thanks, THATCamp community.

This post is cross-posted as part of the 2020 THATCamp retrospective.

The post THATCamp Reflections appeared first on Spellbound Blog.

EAGLE News: Europeana Network of Ancient Greek and Latin Epigraphy

Individual’s fee reduced and more advantages in 2020 for the IDEA members

Starting from this year, the membership fee for individuals has been reduced to 50€, whereas the contribution for under 35 scholars has been confirmed and it is still of 20€. The latter has been introduced last year in order to meet the needs of many scholars who may encounter financial difficulties in paying the fee and we hope it will be well received by all the members of IDEA.

To join the Association please fill out the form available here.

We take this opportunity to remind that all members of IDEA will have the possibility to participate in the two calls for proposals that will be launched in Spring and in Autumn 2020. The Directorial Committee has in fact decided to allocate also for this year 2.000 euros to fund small projects in digital epigraphy that are coherent with the scope of IDEA’s activities.

In addition, up to 500 euros will be devoted in 2020 to sustain publications which are in line with the scope of the Association, by contributing to cover the publication costs. People who are interested can send an application to info@eagle-network.eu and the Board will give a response in three weeks. Only IDEA’s members are eligible for this financial support.

February 25, 2020

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Greek papyri in the British Museum 1-3

Greek papyri in the British Museum vol. 1
Author: Kenyon, Frederic G. (Frederic George)Sir, 1863-1952Bell, H. Idris (Harold Idris), 1879-1967Crum, W. E. (Walter Ewing), 1865-1944
Publisher: British Museum
Place of Publication: London
Date of Publication: 1893-

Greek papyri in the British Museum vol. 2

Author: Kenyon, Frederic G. (Frederic George)Sir, 1863-1952Bell, H. Idris (Harold Idris), 1879-1967Crum, W. E. (Walter Ewing), 1865-1944
Publisher: British Museum
Place of Publication: London
Date of Publication: 1893-

Greek papyri in the British Museum vol. 3

Author: Kenyon, Frederic G. (Frederic George)Sir, 1863-1952Bell, H. Idris (Harold Idris), 1879-1967Crum, W. E. (Walter Ewing), 1865-1944
Publisher: British Museum
Place of Publication: London
Date of Publication: 1893-

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

GeoSLAM ZEB Horizon: acquisizione dei Mercati di Traiano

In occasione del Technology for ALL tenutosi a Roma dal 4 al 6 dello scorso dicembre, MicroGeo ha sperimentato diversi strumenti tra cui l’innovativo ZEB Horizon dell’azienda GeoSLAM.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: THIASOS: Rivista di archeologia e architettura antica - Journal of archaeology and ancient architecture

 [First posted in AWOL 20 September 2013, updated 25 February 2020]

THIASOS: Rivista di archeologia e architettura antica - Journal of archaeology and ancient architecture
ISSN: 2279-7297
Thiasos è un’iniziativa editoriale on-line, collegata alla pubblicazione di volumi monografici, in formato digitale e cartaceo, per i tipi della Quasar Edizioni. Si tratta di un progetto volto a incrementare e migliorare il dialogo sui temi di ricerca delle culture antiche, nella consapevolezza della loro attualità.

La partecipazione si intende aperta a tutti coloro che intendono collaborare con contributi scientifici, proposte, informazioni, secondo gli schemi dell’implementazione libera e collettiva degli spazi della rete, da condividere non solo come fruitori. L’unico filtro ritenuto necessario è quello della qualità scientifica e dell’impegno, che vengono valutati dal comitato scientifico in prima istanza e poi da referee esterni, italiani e stranieri, sia per i testi a stampa che per quelli presentati on-line...

Thiasos is an on-line editorial initiative, connected to the publication of monographs, edited both in electronic and paper version, for Quasar Publisher. The project aims to increase and to improve the discussion concerning scientific research on ancient cultures, that are still nowadays a topical subject.

Participation is open to everyone wishing to contribute with scientific papers, proposals, information, in accordance with the free and collective implementation schemes of on-line spaces, to be used not only as beneficiaries. The sole participation criteria are scientific quality and commitment, that are evaluated firstly by the scientific committee and subsequently by external referees, Italian and foreign ones, with regard both to paper version and on-line version texts.
V. Santoro, Il Santuario ellenistico romano di Agrigento: ragioni, principi e metodi per una proposta di anastilosi, pp. 3-20;
P. Baronio, Note per la ricostruzione del portico a sigma della basilica episcopale di Parthicopolis (Sandanski, Bulgaria), pp. 21-44;
R. Brancato, Paesaggio rurale ed economia in età ellenistica nel territorio di Catania (Sicilia orientale), pp. 45-75;
Biblioteca virtuale
è un repertorio di edizioni rare o di difficile reperimento, relativo alle tematiche della rivista.

Classics in the Classroom

Classics in the Classroom
As part of the extensive outreach and public-engagement programme of the Department of Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology of the University of Birmingham, the project aims to provide teachers with educational materials which will be closely related to the content of the OCR Classics specifications and will be freely available online. The first pack of materials presented here is dedicated to the Late Roman Republic, a subject covered in both the A-Level Classical Civilisation syllabus and the A-Level Ancient History syllabus, and has been prepared by Dr Hannah Cornwell and Ben Salisbury (PhD Candidate), both experts in the field. The pack contains a series of videos as well as notes to teachers, slides and workbooks for pupils, all of which are downloadable and ready to use in the classroom. 
What is unique with this initiative is that the content of the material was not only designed for teachers, but also decided by teachers. Talking into account a large number of answers given by Ancient History and Classical Civilisation teachers to an online questionnaire, Dr Cornwell and Mr Salisbury created educational materials suited specifically to the teachers’ needs and purposes. It is with great enthusiasm therefore that we now publicly share this material. We are hopeful that it will be of use to both teachers and pupils!

TimeTravelRome (Mobile App)

Cover art
TimeTravelRome is dedicated to the history, architecture and literature of the Ancient Roman Empire. It is a history / travel mobile app that finds and describes every significant ancient Roman city, fortress, theater or sanctuary - in Europe, Middle East as well as across North Africa. TimeTravel Rome includes hundreds of ancient texts. TimeTravel Rome is made with passion for travelers to Rome, history geeks, classics teachers, students and anyone fascinated by the ancient Roman history and its culture.

Time Travel Rome can be used as a Travel Guide to Rome and to other places of the Ancient Roman Empire: it contains 200 articles about Rome alone, making it a complete archaeological Rome travel guide. Besides, TimeTravel Rome travel guide also includes thousands of articles about monuments in Pompeii, Herculaneum, Carthage, Jerash, Trier, Nîmes and all other important sites of the Ancient Roman Empire.

History information about Rome and other sites is complemented by ancient history and litterature texts written by Cicero, Augustus, Julius Cesar, Virgil, Horace, Appian, Pliny, Plutarch, Tacitus and many other famous classic authors, making the app suitable for use by Classics teachers and students.

TimeTravel Rome combines up-to-date travel guide description of Rome and a rich collection of Ancient Rome texts, which makes it an ultimate ancient history app dedicated to the Ancient Roman Empire.

What's New

Timetravelrome offers a description for 4500 ancient sites and monuments across the Roman Empire, a gallery of 8000 photos, and a library of 300 ancient texts. The new version offers improved search features; it also adds new content and photos for hundreds of ancient sites.

Additional Information

February 24, 2020
Current Version
Requires Android
4.0.3 and up
Content Rating
In-app Products
$5.99 - $9.99 per item
Offered By
Pavla S.A.
23 Riga Fereou str.144 52 Metamorfossis Athens, Greece

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Teaching and Time

It’s Mardi Gras. It is one of the few days of the year when the average person becomes aware of the liturgical calendar and the transition from pre-Lent to Lent. Because the liturgical calendar does not align with our solar calendar the date of Easter and Lent shifts each year through out the spring. Even if one is not particularly observant, this intersection of religious and secular time is a nice reminder that there are a number of different rhythms in the world and these rhythms happen simultaneously.

This has been helpful this week because we encountered a little challenge in my one-credit class designed around engaging and documenting a building on campus that will soon be demolished. Unbeknownst to me, the building, Montgomery Hall, is scheduled to begin asbestos mitigation next Monday morning. This will involve removing carpets, flooring, and, in some cases walls. In many cases this will make the original fabric of the building more visible and this is a good thing.

The downside is that we have to be out of the build for all of March. I had ideally hoped that we could be in the building for most of March and April. Not it appears that we will have to be out of the building for at least half that time. The students, of course, we understanding and can shift their attention to work in the University Archives in Special Collections where they have formulated some intriguing research questions and projects. At the same time, it taught them a useful lesson that when you’re dealing with the real world there are always going to be challenges and unexpected events that disrupt the steadier rhythms of the academic calendar.

Over the last few years, as editor of North Dakota Quarterly and publisher at The Digital Press, I’ve wanted to include students more fully in the publishing process. The biggest challenge is, however, that the publishing process does not sync neatly with the academic calendar. NDQ, for example goes the publisher on October 1 and March 1 and a good bit of the work happens in a great flurry of effort at the start of each semester. This means that there would be very little time to ease students into a project and a good bit of dead time at the end of the semester when the issue is sent off to press. This, of course, is not insurmountable, but it does demonstrate the occasional incompatibility between the rhythm of the semester and the rhythm of, say, publishing.

The challenge gets more complex when dealing with The Digital Press because in this case you not only are dealing with the rhythm of the semester, but also the work habits of copy editors, typesetters, and individual authors. Ideally, students feel a sense of ownership over a project because they can see it through from manuscript to completion, but since this rarely follows the course of a semester, it is difficult in practice to achieve this. Moreover, the rhythm of semester life often makes it hard for students to even think about projects that run across semester breaks. This is reasonable, of course, from the perspective of students who often have tightly scheduled time commitments around other course work, jobs, and personal lives. 

It does make it hard, though, to give students a taste of the real world without the kind of contingency and commitments that life in the real world often involves.  

Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities

The Black Lunch Table Archive: A Radical Reimagining of Digital Authorship

Jina Valentine     Heather Hart

Black Lunch Table (BLT) is an oral history project that mobilizes a democratic writing of cultural history through a radical reimagining of strategies for digital authorship and archiving. BLT engages in the production of discursive spaces wherein artists and community members engage in dialogue on a variety of critical issues. BLT roundtable events provide physical and digital infrastructure for community discourse, which is recorded and archived on the BLT website. Parallel to its creation of physical spaces that foster community and generate critical dialogue, BLT is creating a digital space for an LOD approach to Black studies and social justice issues. BLT’s use of network analysis, as an organizing principle for its archive, is an innovative application of DH methods that disrupts traditional archiving practices.

The post The Black Lunch Table Archive: A Radical Reimagining of Digital Authorship appeared first on Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Latin and Arabic: Entangled Histories

Latin and Arabic: Entangled Histories
Daniel G. König (Ed.)  
Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality
  Latin and Arabic
As linguistic systems comprising a large variety of written and oral registers including derivate “languages” and “dialects,” Latin and Arabic have been of paramount importance for the history of the Euromediterranean since Antiquity. Moreover, due to their long-term function as languages of administration, intellectual activity, and religion, they are often regarded as cultural markers of Europe and the (Arabic-)Islamic sphere respectively. This volume explores the many dimensions and ramifications of Latin-Arabic entanglement both from macro-historical as well as from micro-historical perspectives. Visions of history marked by the binary opposition of “Islam” and “the West” tend to ignore these important facets of Euromediterranean entanglement, as do historical studies that explain complex transcultural processes without giving attention to their linguistic dimension.
Table of Contents
Daniel G. König
Part I: Latin and Arabic: Macro-historical Perspectives
Benoît Grévin
1. Comparing Medieval “Latin” and “Arabic” Textual Cultures from a Structural Perspective
Daniel G. König
2. Latin-Arabic Entanglement: A Short History
Part II: Latin and Arabic: Case Studies
Daniel Potthast
3. Diglossia as a Problem in Translating Administrative and Juridical Documents: The Case of Arabic, Latin, and Romance on the Medieval Iberian Peninsula
Benoît Grévin
4. Between Arabic and Latin in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy
Katarzyna K. Starczewska
5. Beyond Religious Polemics: An Arabic-Latin Qurʾān Used as a Textbook for Studying Arabic.
Jan Scholz
6. Cicero and Quintilian in the Arab World? Latin Rhetoric in Modern Arabic Rhetorical and Homiletical Manuals
About the Authors

February 24, 2020

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Palaeolexicon: Word study tool for ancient languages

Palaeolexicon: Word study tool for ancient languages

About Palaeolexicon

Palaeolexicon is a tool for the study of ancient languages. Its name derives from the Greek words palaeo meaning 'old' and lexicon meaning 'dictionary'. If you're interested of the ancient world and its languages, then this is a site for you. It is a place for people who love historical linguistics and ancient history.


Palaeolexicon started as a project in December 2008 and its aim was to provide a searchable index of Mycenaean Greek glosses. During the early development stages, it was decided that Phrygian should be docked in as well. Then languages of the greater Balkan and Anatolia area followed.

Language support

The Palaeolexicon database contains public and partial dictionaries that in turn contain thousands of words. The difference between a public and partial dictionary, is that a public dictionary is available for browsing, while a partial dictionary will return results corresponding the search criteria of a user.

Palaeolexicon has currently the following public dictionaries:
  • Avestan
  • Cappadocian Greek
  • Carian
  • Cypriot Syllabic Script
  • Early Proto-Albanian
  • Eteocypriot
  • Etruscan
  • Hattic
  • Hittite
  • Linear B
  • C. Luwian
  • Lycian
  • Lydian
  • Old Norse
  • Palaic
  • Phrygian
  • Pre-Celtic
  • Pre-Greek toponyms
  • Proto-Altaic
  • Proto-Indo-European
  • Proto-Kartvelian
  • Proto-Semitic
  • Proto-Turkic
  • Safaitic
  • Thracian
  • Tocharian A
  • Tocharian B
  • Urartian
The partial dictionaries include the following languages:
  • Aeolic Greek
  • Ancient Macedonian
  • Arcado-Cypriot Greek
  • Armenian
  • Attic Greek
  • Basque/Euskara
  • Doric Greek
  • Greek
  • Hurrian
  • Ionic Greek
  • Latin
  • Lemnian
  • Mitanni
  • Old Persian
  • Ossetian (Iron)
  • Pr.Indo-Iranian
  • Proto-Anatolian
  • Proto-Celtic
  • Proto-Italic
  • Proto-Tungus
  • Proto-Uralic
  • Sanskrit

    Liddell, Scott, Jones Ancient Greek Lexicon (LSJ) Wiki

    [First posted in AWOL 10 My 2013, updated 24 February 2020]



    This project consisted originally in the conversion into mediawiki format of Liddell, Scott, Jones' A Greek–English Lexicon, which is more commonly known as LSJ. The data have been provided by the Perseus Project with a Creative Commons Sharealike / Non-Commercial / Attribution license. And it was launched on February 2013.
    Since then a number of other sources (Ancient Greek/Latin to and from other languages) have been added. For example:
    • Diccionario Griego-Español (DGE)
    DGE is and Ancient Greek to Spanish Dictionary produced at the Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo (ILC) of the Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CCHS) of the CSIC (Madrid) under the direction of Francisco R. Adrados and Juan Rodríguez Somolinos. The online version (about 60,000 entries) contains lemmata from α through ἔξαυος and is the work of this amazing team. Work on this dictionary has been sponsored by the Greek Leventis Foundation among others and it is offered under a non-commercial creative commons license.
    • Anatole Bailly, Dictionnaire Grec-Français abrégé as digitized by Chaeréphon


    Apart from making accessible a variety of sources, the objective is to improve upon them. Many of the works are old and apart from antiquated language there are also numerous errors. Hence the work being carried out on editing those sources and producing reverge language versions (i.e. from other languages into Ancient Greek).

    Attribution Required

    According to the above license, if you copy text from this site you are required to provide attribution with a link to the page you used. To be clear as to what attribution means, you have to:
    Hyperlink directly to the original page on the source site of the specific article you quote from (e.g. ἀγάπη)
    “Directly”, means that each hyperlink must point directly to this domain in standard HTML visible even with JavaScript disabled, and not use a tinyurl or any other form of obfuscation or redirection. Furthermore, the links must not be nofollowed.

    Animales salvajes en Mesopotamia: los grandes mamíferos en el tercer milenio a. C.

    Animales salvajes en Mesopotamia: los grandes mamíferos en el tercer milenio a. C.
    Author: Lladó Santaeularia, Alexandra
    Director/Tutor: Molina Martos, Manuel
     Los animales han tenido siempre una gran repercusión en la Historia del ser humano. Durante el Paleolítico eran cazados como fuente de alimento para complementar una dieta pobre en proteínas. Más tarde, la domesticación de algunas especies fue uno de los principales motores de la revolución neolítica, convirtiéndolos en un recurso económico de gran importancia. Además de la carne y las pieles, se empezaron a explotar otros productos secundarios como la leche o la lana, y algunos animales fueron empleados como fuerza de trabajo agrícola y medio de transporte terrestre. Pese a estos cambios trascendentales, los animales salvajes siguieron teniendo una importante presencia en la sociedad. Los depredadores eran una amenaza constante para las personas y sus rebaños, mientras que los herbívoros seguían siendo cazados por necesidad o por entretenimiento. El caso de Mesopotamia no es distinto. A lo largo de toda su historia encontramos multitud de referencias a los animales salvajes tanto en las fuentes escritas como en las representaciones figurativas, demostrando que su importancia, al menos simbólica, era parecida a la de los animales domésticos. Incluso algunos de ellos tuvieron cierta trascendencia en actividades económicas. En este contexto, la presente tesis analiza la presencia de fauna salvaje en la Mesopotamia del tercer milenio a. C. y su relación con la sociedad de la época, centrándose en el caso concreto de los grandes mamíferos. Para ello, se propone un enfoque multidisciplinar que incluye el estudio de los restos faunísticos, las representaciones figurativas y las fuentes escritas (lexicográficas, literarias y administrativas), con el objetivo de tener una visión lo más completa posible sobre la situación concreta de cada una de estas especies en el periodo estudiado.
    Animals have always had quite a large repercussion on humans’ history. In the Paleolithic, they were hunted as feeding source to complement a low-protein diet. Later on, the domestication of some species facilitated the Neolithic revolution as animals became an important economic resource. Apart from consuming their meat and using their furs, other secondary products such as milk and wool started to being exploited. Some others were used as working animals in agriculture and for terrestrial transportation. Even though all these transcendental changes, wild animals still had an important presence in society. Predators were a constant threat for people and herds, while herbivores were hunted because of necessity or as entertainment. Mesopotamian case was not different. Throughout all its history, numerous references to wild animals in textual sources as well as figurative representations can be found, what demonstrates that their importance was similar to the domestic animals’, at least in a symbolic way. Some of these wild animals even had a certain transcendence in economic activities. In this context, the aim of this dissertation is to analyse the presence of wild fauna in Mesopotamia during the third millennium BC and its relationship with the society of the period, focusing on the specific case of big mammals. To achieve such a goal, an interdisciplinary approach is proposed, which includes the study of faunal remains, figurative representations and written sources (lexical, literary and administrative) to provide a general picture of the status of the animal world in the third millennium BC.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Long Late Antiquity on Cyprus

    This week I’m shifting gears from working on archaeology of contemporary America and returning to Late Antique Cyprus to prepare a paper for a conference in March on Cyprus and the Long Late Antiquity.

    The abstract for my paper is here. As with so many conferences, I wrote my abstract in June 2019 for a paper in March 2020 and over the past 9 months reconsidered my paper significantly. This was in no small part to the paper that I wrote for a conference at Dumbarton Oaks on islands in the Byzantine period (you can read that here). At this conference, a number of the participants unpacked the notion of insularity (my review of that conference is here) along political, cultural, social, and economic lines. The result was a group of papers that explored whether the concept of insularity served to describe the definitive feature of islands in the Byzantine world. My paper proposed that Cyprus in Late Antiquity was sufficiently diverse that the concept of insularity was not particularly useful at least within the constraints of our existing archaeological knowledge.

    My current plan is to expand these arguments into the realm of the “long late antiquity” by looking more closely at the situation at ancient Arsinoe in the village of Polis in the Chrysochous Valley. My plan today is work on the introduction. I have this idea that I’ll start with our work at Pyla-Koutsopetria and then move to the west to the site of Arsinoe. 

    Here’s what I have so far:

    Late Antiquity has been getting longer. This historiographic narrative is well known to the individuals in this room. Over the last 60 years, scholars of the Late Roman world have reconsidered the significance of catastrophic political or military events as the definitive markers in our chronological schemes. This, in turn, has discouraged view of Late Antiquity as a period of crisis that ultimately led to this or that catastrophic event. In the place of crisis or decline, scholars argue that Late Antiquity was a period of transition or dynamic transformation and have increasingly blurred the lines that describe our conventional periodization schemes. The ancient world, it would seem, did not end, but simply faded away.

    Archaeology, of course, has played no small role in these changing attitudes. The ever later drift of our ceramic chronologies bolstered by the steadily expanding body of carefully published excavations and surveys from across the Mediterranean world has sought to detach archaeological narratives from political or military events. In Greece, for example, the Slavic invasion of the late 6th century no longer represents a catastrophic break and any number of urban and rural sites appear prosperous or at least viable into the mid-7th century. The evidence for the Islamic conquests of the 7th century in the Levant, as another example, remain uneven with some areas showing a rapid decline in the number of settlements, whereas other regions show little change or even expansion. In many cases, the material culture that plays such a key role in assessing the date and function of sites changes far more slowly than political or military events. On Cyprus, as this conference presupposes, the firm dates associated with the Arab Raids of the mid-7th century or the supposed depopulation of the island for the founding of Nea Justinianoupolis in 691 no longer mark a clear break in the material culture of the island.

    This is not to suggest that the 7th and 8th centuries did not see significant changes on the island. Indeed, part of the challenge in dealing with the long late antiquity on Cyprus involves the wide range of situations on the island during these centuries. As Marcus Rautman has shown, the countryside appears to have endured significant depopulation by the middle years of the 7th century. At the same time, urban centers appear to have continued with Paphos showing signs of an Arab population in the 7th century, Soloi preserving signs of recovery after the Arab raids, Kyrenia remained an important port of the Byzantine fleet, and Salamis-Constantia and its neighborhood continued and rebuilt, and so on. Megaw argued that Kourion was abandoned after a late-7th century earthquake, Amathus’s decline was more graduate with the site continuing to produce coins, seals, and ceramics into the early-8th century, Kition remains largely unknown at the end of antiquity. Between the countryside and cities, ex-urban sites like the still lately unpublished Ay. Georgios-Peyias appear to have declined in the 7th century.

    Another ex-urban site of Pyla-Koutsopetria, which Maria Hadjicosti excavated in the 1990s and a team that I co-directed with Scott Moore and David Pettegrew surveyed and excavated further in from 2005-2012, also appears to have declined in the 7th century. Our work can add a bit more nuance and detail to the diverse narratives of change present on the island and provide a bit of context for our recent work at the site of Arsinoe in Western Cyprus.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Video of conference presentations: Neo-Paleography: Analysing Ancient Handwritings in the Digital Age

    Basel, 27-29 January 2020
    Venue: Kollegienhaus, Regenzzimmer 111, Petersplatz 1, 4001 Basel

    Click here for directions.
    Click here to download the programme.
    Click here to download the abstracts.
    Click here for the presented posters.
    Click here for the conference videos.


    Monday 27 January


    Tuesday 28 January


    Wednesday 29 January

    9:00Marie Beurton-Aimar, Cecilia Ostertag in abs. (Bordeaux): Re-assembly Egyptian potteries with handwritten texts
    9:30Vincent Christlein (Nuremberg): Writer identification in historical document images 
    10:00Imran Siddiqi (Islamabad): Dating of Historical Manuscripts using Image Analysis & Deep Learning Techniques 
    10:45Coffee break
    11:00Tanmoy Mondal (Montpellier): Efficient technique for Binarization, Noise Cleaning and Convolutional Neural Network Based Writer Identification for Papyri Manuscripts
    11:30Andreas Fischer (Fribourg): Recent Advances in Graph-Based Keyword Spotting for Supporting Quantitative Paleography
    12:30Coffee break
    14:00Vlad Atanasiu, Peter Fornaro (Basel): On the utility of color in computational paleography
    Visit of the Digital Humanities Lab and the papyrus collection in the University Library

    Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

    MacOS: New Mongolian Cyrillic Keyboard

    MacOS 10.15 Catalina includes a new Mongolian Cyrillic keyboard, but it does not do the Command level correctly, so that common shortcuts for copy/paste, etc. do not work.  A custom keyboard which fixes this problem can be found here.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Epigraphica Anatolica: Zeitschrift für Epigraphik und historische Geographie Anatoliens

    [First posted in AWOL 2 November 2009. Updated 24 February 2020]

    Epigraphica Anatolica: Zeitschrift für Epigraphik und historische Geographie Anatoliens

    Jahrgang 38 (2005)

    Jahrgang 37 (2004)

    Jahrgang 35 (2002)

    February 23, 2020

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Rheinisches Museum für Philologie

    [First posted in AWOL 25 January 2010. Updated 23 February 2020]

    Rheinisches Museum für Philologie
    ISSN: 0035-449X
    Die Zeitschrift wurde 1827 unter dem Titel „Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, Geschichte und griechische Philosophie“ von Barthold Georg Niebuhr, August Böckh und Christian August Brandis gegründet und erschien unter diesem Namen bis 1829/32. Von 1832/33 bis 1839 wurde die Zeitschrift unter dem Titel „Rheinisches Museum für Philologie“ von Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker und August Ferdinand Naeke weitergeführt. Seit 1842 erscheint die „Neue Folge“ des „Rheinischen Museums für Philologie“. Erstherausgeber waren Friedrich Ritschl und Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker (vgl. auch C.W. Müller, Das Rheinische Museum für Philologie 1842–2007. Zum Erscheinen des 150. Bandes der Neuen Folge, RhM 150, 2007, 1–7).

    Das „Rheinische Museum für Philologie“ ist die älteste, bis heute erscheinende altertumswissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift. Seit ihrer Gründung veröffentlicht sie wissenschaftliche Beiträge zu Sprache, Literatur und Geschichte des griechischen und römischen Altertums und seiner Rezeption in den Sprachen Deutsch, Englisch, Französisch, Italienisch und Latein. Sie ist international verbreitet, und die im „Rheinischen Museum für Philologie“ veröffentlichten Artikel sind jeweils drei Jahre nach Erscheinen der Druckfassung kostenfrei im Internet abrufbar.

    Alle eingesandten Beiträge werden von wenigstens zwei Experten begutachtet, die dem Herausgebergremium angehören oder extern hinzugezogen werden. Für weitere Auskünfte wende man sich an den Herausgeber unter: Bernd.Manuwald@uni-koeln.de
    Rheinisches Museum für Philologie (Neue Folge) 
    Open access to volumes 1 (1842) -  160 (2017)

    Band 160 (2017)



    Rheinisches Museum für Philologie

    Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, Geschichte und griechische Philosophie

    Ogham 3D Pilot Project

    Ogham 3D Pilot Project
    Ogham stones are among Ireland's most remarkable national treasures. These perpendicular cut stones bear inscriptions in the uniquely Irish Ogham alphabet, using a system of notches and horizontal or diagonal lines/scores to represent the sounds of an early form of the Irish language. The stones are inscribed with the names of prominent people and sometimes tribal affiliation or geographical areas. These inscriptions constitute the earliest recorded form of Irish and, as our earliest written records dating back at least as far as the 5th century AD, are a significant resource for historians, as well as linguists and archaeologists.

    February 21, 2020

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Gods in Color: Polychromy in Antiquity

    Gods in Color: Polychromy in Antiquity
    1/30 – 2020/8/30 
    Museum exhibitions of ancient Greek and Roman sculptures are striking for the dominance of pure white marble. But looks can be deceiving. These figures of gods and heroes were once richly clothed in vivid colors! We’ve known this for centuries – so why does the image of whiteness still persist?
    For many years the Liebieghaus has dedicated itself to unraveling the mystery of the original polychromy of ancient sculptures. Indeed, the museum has taken the lead in this area of research.
    Vinzenz Brinkmann’s reconstructions are made in collaboration with the archaeologist Ulrike Koch-Brinkmann and give current viewers a vibrant picture of the former polychromy of the sculptures. The exhibition Gods in Color has been touring the world in one form or another since 2003 – a testament to its popularity and success – and originally went on show at the Liebieghaus in Frankfurt am Main in 2008.

    The exhibition now returns to Frankfurt with new findings and reconstructions never before displayed. The juxtaposition of color reconstructions with selected masterpieces from the Liebieghaus allows viewers to experience the history of these brightly painted sculptures first-hand.

    Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

    Did Pope Gelasius create St Valentine’s Day as a replacement for the Lupercalia?

    Something weird has begun to happen over the last couple of years.   Twitter is filling up with claims that “Christmas is really pagan”; the same for Easter (!), St Valentine’s Day – indeed for every single Christian holiday.  This is new, and started maybe in 2018, and now has become very commonplace.  The object is without a doubt to diminish the Christian significance of American holidays.  I get the impression that this may be part of the anti-Trump reaction.  It is clearly orchestrated, and obviously a nuisance.

    This year I came across the claim that St Valentine’s Day is really the Lupercalia (!), and that Pope Gelasius I abolished the Lupercalia and created St Valentine’s Day instead.  One website calling itself “history.com” claims:

    In the late 5th century A.D., Pope Gelasius I eliminated the pagan celebration of Lupercalia and declared February 14 a day to celebrate the martyrdom of Saint Valentine instead, although it’s highly unlikely he intended the day to commemorate love and passion.

    And the same website on another page:

    Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day.

    Google helpfully puts these pages at the very top of the search results if you look for information.  They seem to be drawing on an article which otherwise appears a bit further down, National Public Radio, The Dark Origins of Valentine’s Day, Feb. 13, 2011, which claims:

    Later, Pope Gelasius I muddled things in the 5th century by combining St. Valentine’s Day with Lupercalia to expel the pagan rituals. But the festival was more of a theatrical interpretation of what it had once been. Lenski adds, “It was a little more of a drunken revel, but the Christians put clothes back on it. That didn’t stop it from being a day of fertility and love.”

    Lenski is “Noel Lenski, a historian at the University of Colorado at Boulder”.  Of course he may well have been misrepresented by this journalist.  But is this true?  Did Gelasius establish St Valentine’s Day on February 14?

    In a 1931 article,[1]William M. Green indicates that Cardinal Baronius must take some responsibility for all this.

    … in almost all the discussions of the institution it is said that Pope Gelasius in 494 converted the pagan festival into the Feast of the Purification of the Virgin (=Candlemas). This conjecture of Cardinal Baronius[4] was based on the fact that Gelasius had suppressed the pagan festival, and that the quadragesima Epiphaniae (February 14), the earliest form of the Christian festival, so nearly coincided with its date, February 15. Usener and later writers on Christian ritual [5] have recognized Baronius’ mistake…

    4. C. Baronius, Annales Ecclesiastici (Barri-Ducis; L. Guerin, 1864-83), IX, 603.
    5. H. Usener, Weihnachtsfest (Bonn: Cohen, 1889), p. 318; T. Barnes, “Candlemas” in Hastings, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (New York: Scribner’s, 1908-190; L. Duchesne, Christian Worship5 (London: SPCK, 1923), p.271.

    So the modern idea that the Lupercalia turned into St Valentine’s Day is itself a bastardisation of an older idea, that the Lupercalia turned into Candlemas.

    We do know that Gelasius did abolish the Lupercalia.  In Letter 100, to Andromachus, in the Collectio Avellana he explicitly says so, and defends his action to his noble correspondent by attacking the remains of the Lupercalia as a degraded superstition.  (I was unaware until now that an edition of this exists in the Sources Chretiennes series, 65).[2]

    Another article by Jack B. Oruch is more forthright:[3]

    The idea that Valentine’s Day customs perpetuated those of the Roman Lupercalia has been accepted uncritically and repeated, in various forms, up to the present.22 Most of those who offer this now traditional explanation cite no sources or refer only to Butler or Douce. But John W. Hales, in the most substantial and reasonable article written about Valentine’s Day, correctly pointed out that the Lupercalia never involved the pairing of lovers or a lottery.23 As far as I can determine, the first suggestions of a lottery of lovers on Valentine’s Day occur in the fifteenth century in poems of Lydgate and Charles d’Orleans, discussed below; the only known attempt to suppress the practice and substitute the names of saints was that of St. Francis de Sales early in his career as bishop at Annecy (1603).24 Butler’s ideas were prompted, in all probability, by a confused knowledge of the date of this isolated event; a less charitable explanation would attribute his remarks to wishful or pious fantasy.

    The most complex version of this story – one that links the Lupercalia, Valentine, and Chaucer – has recently been put forth by Alfred L. Kellogg and Robert C. Cox[4]… According to Kellogg and Cox, the process by which St. Valentine became a “fertility figure” was an indirect and accidental one. They report: “When, in 495, Pope Gelasius finally abolished the Lupercalia, his procedure followed the accepted pattern. He set in its place a Christian festival of comparable meaning and almost exact date – the Purification of the Virgin, or Candlemas, celebrated on February 14” (p. 112). Then, after the date of the observance of Candlemas was “transferred from February 14 to February 2” (to accord with the fixing of the date of Christ’s birth at December 25), Valentine in some unknown way inherited the associations of the Virgin Mary with purification and fertility. Unfortunately, the account thus far is based upon faulty assumptions and misunderstood data.

    Informed scholarship offers nothing to support the claim that Gelasius I “baptized” the Lupercalia by supplanting it with the Feast of the Purification…. Other medieval writers [than Bede] gave different explanations of the origin of the Feast of the Purification, but not until the unfortunate conjectures of Cardinal Baronius in the sixteenth century was the particular pagan festival behind Candlemas. said to be the Lupercalia.29 While the church did supplant some pagan customs with Christian ones, in the present case the similarities between the Lupercalia and Candlemas appear to be fortuitous and negligible. To suggest a place for St. Valentine in a history already marked by so much speculation is pointless.

    Which is pretty direct.  There’s simply no evidence, apparently, of any connection with St Valentine.

    I’m not quite clear how we discover what the early evidence is for the celebration of a saint’s day.  It appears that we must look at early service books, and this is rather an area outside of my knowledge.

    The so-called Gelasian Sacramentary does indeed have prayers in natali Valentini, Vitalis et Feliculae on xvi Kal. Martias, i.e. 14th February.  (How interesting to see natalis used to indicate an anniversary, rather than a  birthday!).[5]  This has reached us in a Vatican manuscript (Ms. Reg. 316), written around 750 at the nunnery of Chelles near Paris.  The prototype was probably composed in Rome between 628-715.[6]

    I do wonder how we could find out when the feast of St Valentine was first celebrated!

    UPDATE: I have just heard from Dr Lenski, disclaiming any responsibility for the mangled comments attributed to him in that NPR article.

    1. [1]William M. Green, “The Lupercalia in the Fifth Century”, Classical Philology 26 (1931), 60-69.  JSTOR.
    2. [2]Gélase Ier : Lettre contre les Lupercales et Dix-huit messes du Sacramentaire léonien. SC65, 1960.
    3. [3]Jack B. Oruch, “St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February”, Speculum 56 (1981). 534-65.  JSTOR.
    4. [4]25. “Chaucer’s St. Valentine: A Conjecture,” in Alfred L. Kellogg, Chaucer, Langland, Arthur: Essays in Middle English Literature (New Brunswick, N.J., 1972), p. 108.
    5. [5]H.A.Wilson, The Gelasian Sacramentary. Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae, Oxford, 1894, p.167.  Archive.org.
    6. [6]Joseph M. Lynch, Christianizing Kinship, p.29. Google Books.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Ancient Narrative

    [First posted in AWOL 11 March 2013, updated 21 February 2020 (new URL)]

    Ancient Narrative
    Online ISSN: 1568-3532
    Print ISSN: 1568-3540

    As the name Ancient Narrative indicates, the areas of interest of the new journal are: Greek, Roman, Jewish novelistic traditions, including novels proper, the "fringe", as well as the fragments; narrative texts of the Byzantine age, early Christian narrative texts - and the reception of these works in modern literature, film and music. Ancient Narrative encourages approaches which range from editorial and philological work on these texts, and literary-theoretical studies, to theological, sociological, cultural and anthropological approaches. No particular area or methodology is preferred. The audience of our journal will thus comprise not only those who are working mainly in classical or religious studies, but all those who are interested in the birth and development of narrative fiction in all its aspects, from antiquity to the modern times.

    Ancient Narrative (AN) is first and foremost an electronic journal, in which selected articles will be discussed during a period of several months. At the end of the year the authors have the opportunity to revise their articles. A volume containing all revised articles of the past year will appear both in print and on the website.
    AN also publishes special, theme-oriented issues. Your suggestions for such issues are very welcome.

    AN is the electronic continuation of the Petronian Society Newsletter (ed. Gareth Schmeling) and the Groningen Colloquia on the Novel (eds. Heinz Hofmann and Maaike Zimmerman). Therefore, AN will, besides full articles, publish bibliographical information as well as brief notes on relevant subjects. The editors will also invite specialists for reviews, which will be published in the electronic journal and in the annual printed volume of AN.

    2020: AN 17, preliminary version


    Corpus Grammaticorum Latinorum: Bibliography of the *Grammatici Latini *(1855-2018)

    Corpus Grammaticorum Latinorum: Bibliography of the *Grammatici Latini *(1855-2018)
    While waiting for the imminent reopening of the website* Corpus Grammaticorum Latinorum* (*CGL*) in the framework of the project directed by Professor Alessandro Garcea, we are pleased to announce that the bibliography of the *Grammatici Latini *(1855-2018) is now available at the link https://cgl.hypotheses.org/. By way of links to specific web-pages there appear bibliographical information on : grammarians, grammatical texts, cited authors, thematic sections, *generalia*.

    Best regards,

    Manuela Callipo
    [Posted on the CLASSICISTS listserve]

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Friday Varia and Quick Hits

    It’s a busy-ish weekend with some typesetting, a massive number of corrections on a set of page proofs, and the almost-done North Dakota Quarterly issue strewn across 50 or so emails. There’s also the first two T20I matches between South Africa and Australia, and, more importantly, the heavy weight championship of the world.  

    Hopefully, I’ll also have time to get a few long walks in Grand Forks’ Late-February answer to the Halcyon Days and nudge my way through a small stack of student papers. Without being one of those guys, I’m pretty excited about the weekend.

    With any luck, your weekend will be every bit as full and enjoyable, and just maybe this little gaggle of quick hits and varia will help:

    IMG 4724

    IMG 4720

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew

    The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Volume 1

    The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Volume 2

      Geoffrey Khan
    The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Volume 1
    These volumes represent the highest level of scholarship on what is arguably the most important tradition of Biblical Hebrew. Written by the leading scholar of the Tiberian Masoretic tradition, they offer a wealth of new data and revised analysis, and constitute a considerable advance on existing published scholarship. It should stand alongside Israel Yeivin’s ‘The Tiberian Masorah’ as an essential handbook for scholars of Biblical Hebrew, and will remain an indispensable reference work for decades to come.
    —Dr. Benjamin Outhwaite, Director of the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit, Cambridge University Library

    The form of Biblical Hebrew that is presented in printed editions, with vocalization and accent signs, has its origin in medieval manuscripts of the Bible. The vocalization and accent signs are notation systems that were created in Tiberias in the early Islamic period by scholars known as the Tiberian Masoretes, but the oral tradition they represent has roots in antiquity. The grammatical textbooks and reference grammars of Biblical Hebrew in use today are heirs to centuries of tradition of grammatical works on Biblical Hebrew in Europe. The paradox is that this European tradition of Biblical Hebrew grammar did not have direct access to the way the Tiberian Masoretes were pronouncing Biblical Hebrew.

    In the last few decades, research of manuscript sources from the medieval Middle East has made it possible to reconstruct with considerable accuracy the pronunciation of the Tiberian Masoretes, which has come to be known as the ‘Tiberian pronunciation tradition’. This book presents the current state of knowledge of the Tiberian pronunciation tradition of Biblical Hebrew and a full edition of one of the key medieval sources, Hidāyat al-Qāriʾ ‘The Guide for the Reader’, by ʾAbū al-Faraj Hārūn. It is hoped that the book will help to break the mould of current grammatical descriptions of Biblical Hebrew and form a bridge between modern traditions of grammar and the school of the Masoretes of Tiberias.

    Links and QR codes in the book allow readers to listen to an oral performance of samples of the reconstructed Tiberian pronunciation by Alex Foreman. This is the first time Biblical Hebrew has been recited with the Tiberian pronunciation for a millennium.

    The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Volume 1
    Geoffrey Khan | Forthcoming February 2020
    762 pp. | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
    Semitic Languages and Cultures vol 1 | ISSN: 2632-6906 (Print); 2632-6914 (Online)
    ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-675-0
    ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-676-7
    ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-677-4
    DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0163
    Subject codes: BIC: HRCG (Biblical studies and exegesis), CFF (Historical and comparative linguistics), CFP (Translation and interpretation); BISAC: REL006020 (RELIGION / Biblical Biography / General), LAN009010 (LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Historical & Comparative)

    Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

    Job: funded PhD digital classics Lausanne

    The below job will be of interest to readers of this blog. Via Matteo Romanello: The DHLAB at EPFL in association with the Institut d’archéologie et des sciences de l’antiquité of the University of Lausanne invites applications for one full-time, fully-funded PhD position within the EPFL PhD program in Digital Humanities, working at the intersection... Continue Reading →

    February 20, 2020

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Greek Vocabulary Tool

    Greek Vocabulary Tool

    What can you (and will you be able to) do with this site?

    Generate word lists with definitions for entire Greek works or specific passages.
    View statistics on each word across the entire corpus or user-defined subsets of text.
    Provide improvements to the underlying data and contribute to open philology.
    Track your reading and scaffold new texts with just the vocabulary help you need.
    Study vocabulary with adaptive, spaced flashcards customized to your reading. 
    To get started, browse the Lemma List or Editions List.


    The texts covered here are all from the Perseus Digital Library. They were lemmatized by Giuseppe Celano and combined with short definitions from Logeion, used with the generous permission of Helma Dik.
    This site is being developed by Eldarion, supported in part by the Humboldt Chair of Digital Humanities at the University of Leipzig.

    dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

    PROJECT: Digital El Diario

    Digital El Diario, “a digital humanities project centered on archival justice and historical recovery of the Chicanx student movement at the University of Colorado Boulder,” focuses on El Diario de la Gente, “an independent newspaper primarily published for and by Chicanx students at the University of Colorado Boulder between 1972 and 1983.”

    The creators of the project explain:

    Using El Diario de la Gente, we created a plain-text corpus and applied computational and digital research methods in order to explore this under-researched yet significant history. The creators are from a wide range of disciplines, including communication, information science, journalism, history, literature, and computer science, and they conducted this research in a graduate course on digital humanities (DHUM 5000: Introduction to Digital Humanities, University of Colorado Boulder).

    The project site makes available the full corpus of El Diario, as well as supplemental readings authored by the creators (Phelan Bowie, Sara Cottle, Eva Danayanti, Brandon Daniels, Shiva Darian, Juan Manuel García Fernández, Jenna Gersie, Joshua Ladd, Xueyue Liu, Wendy Norris, Jackson Reinagel, Ryan Smith, Joshua Westerman, Claire Woodcock, and Nickoal Eichmann-Kalwara).

    POST: The Magnificent Seven: Looking Back on a Year of Exploring the Web Archives Datasets

    Pedro Gonzalez-Fernandez (Library of Congress) has authored a post on The Signal, “The Magnificent Seven: Looking Back on a Year of Exploring the Web Archives Datasets.” Gonzalez-Fernandez reviews the activities of LC’s Web Archiving Team over the past year:

    Now at over 2 petabytes, the web archives are a complex aggregation of interrelated web objects that make up the internet as we know it (images, text, code, audio, video, etc.). In keeping with the Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress, we are working to “throw open the treasure chest” by making this digital content as broadly available as possible. However, without the proper tools to navigate this complex resource, users may think of the treasure chest as more of a Pandora’s box! Two broad goals directed our investigation: 1) to develop a better understanding of the individual media objects that comprise the web archives, and 2) to surface specific sets of individual resources from the web archives that will support users exploring research and creative uses of archived content.

    The author includes links to the seven released web archives datasets, as well as sharing two creative uses of those datasets by Matt Miller (Library of Congress): Byzantine PDF, which “creates a “Frankenstein” PDF document by cobbling together bits and pieces from the 1,000 PDFs in our dataset,” and Anaphora, which “uses AWS Transcribe to generate transcripts of audio files that can be used to find repeated phrases.”

    RESOURCE: Persistent identifiers for heritage objects

    Code4Lib Journal has published a piece by Lukas Koster (University of Amsterdam), “Persistent identifiers for heritage objects.” From the abstract:

    Persistent identifiers (PID’s) are essential for getting access and referring to library, archive and museum (LAM) collection objects in a sustainable and unambiguous way, both internally and externally. Heritage institutions need a universal policy for the use of PID’s in order to have an efficient digital infrastructure at their disposal and to achieve optimal interoperability, leading to open data, open collections and efficient resource management.

    Here the discussion is limited to PID’s that institutions can assign to objects they own or administer themselves. PID’s for people, subjects etc. can be used by heritage institutions, but are generally managed by other parties.

    The first part of this article consists of a general theoretical description of persistent identifiers. First of all, I discuss the questions of what persistent identifiers are and what they are not, and what is needed to administer and use them. The most commonly used existing PID systems are briefly characterized. Then I discuss the types of objects PID’s can be assigned to. This section concludes with an overview of the requirements that apply if PIDs should also be used for linked data.

    The second part examines current infrastructural practices, and existing PID systems and their advantages and shortcomings. Based on these practical issues and the pros and cons of existing PID systems a list of requirements for PID systems is presented which is used to address a number of practical considerations. This section concludes with a number of recommendations.

    CFP: Disrupting Digital Monolingualism

    The Department of Digital Humanities and the Language Acts and Worldmaking project at King’s College London has released a call for proposals for a two-day workshop, Disrupting Digital Monolingualism. The workshop, which will take place on June 16th and 17th at King’s College London, aims:

    • To map the current state of multilingualism in digital theory and practice through, and across, languages
    • To identify areas of ‘language indifference’ in digital methodologies and infrastructure
    • To bring together experts in language-driven digital study and practice to discuss priorities for future action and potential collaboration
    • To discuss the value and role of languages in digital theory and practice and their implications for language study and professions
    • To explore emerging models for linguistic diversity and languages-aware digital practice in academia, education and private/third sectors and to document best practice

    Proposals, which can take the form of lightning talks, posters, technical demos, mini-workshops, or experimental formats, are due 12 PM GMT on March 16, 2020.

    CFParticipation: DH and Proto-DH Conferences

    Scott B. Weingart (Carnegie Mellon University) and Nickoal Eichmann-Kalwara (University of Colorado Boulder) are asking for participation for the DH community to complete a list of conferences “explicitly considered ‘Digital Humanities’ (or any translation thereof),” in order to add to a history of DH. An editable Google spreadsheet to add conferences to can be found here.

    This is a continuation of Weingart and Eichmann-Kalwara’s longitudinal analysis of ADHO conferences, and also is an effort towards creating a central database of Digital Humanities conference data to include proto-DH conferences, especially those before 2004.

    JOB: Head, Digital Initiatives (Tufts University)

    From the announcement:

    The Head of Digital Initiatives leads the management and preservation of Tisch Library’s digital collections, ensuring that content and associated metadata is managed effectively across all library repositories, and aligning staff resources to support digital initiatives. The role provides integrated management of library repositories, cultivating teamwork and collaborative relationships to ensure that content and associated metadata are standards-based, interoperable, discoverable and useable, providing high-quality resources and services to facilitate scholarship at Tufts. The Head of Digital Initiatives works in close collaboration with the Library’s Head of Metadata Services, staff in Tufts Technology Services (TTS) and Digital Collections and Archives (DCA), and other stakeholders. As a member of the Library Management Council, and the Resource Management & Repository Services (RMRS) leadership team, the position sets the vision for digital initiatives at Tisch Library and supports cross-library initiatives.

    Essential duties/responsibilities:

    • Lead the strategic direction for the Digital Initiatives Department. Build and communicate a shared vision that aligns with division, library and university priorities.

    • In collaboration with the Head of Metadata Services, provide a holistic approach to the management and interoperability of data and metadata in all repositories including Alma/Primo, Tufts Digital Repository, Dataverse, OCLC, HathiTrust, etc.

    • Hold primary responsibility for setting policies and procedures for the management of content added to the Tufts Digital Repository (TDR) and the repository for Research Data (currently Dataverse) for Tisch Library.

    • Develop a robust digital preservation program for the Libraries.

    • Foster collaborative partnerships with staff across Tufts libraries and with TTS and DCA, providing leadership and effective management of repository content.

    • Serve as a member of the Repository Operations Group to provide input on decisions around development of the Fedora infrastructure and enhancements of associated interfaces.

    • Provide metadata best practices instruction and consultation to faculty and students in support of digital scholarship projects and research data management.

    • Supervise members of the Digital Initiatives department, providing mentorship and fostering technical excellence and a spirit of collaboration and inclusiveness.

    JOB: Digital Preservation Librarian (Washington University)

    From the announcement:

    Under the direction of the Head of Preservation and Digitization, the Digital Preservation Librarian develops, documents, implements and oversees preservation workflows, procedures and policies for Washington University Libraries’ digital collections and assets, both digitized and born-digital. The incumbent will collaborate with stakeholders across the Libraries and campus to develop programmatic and sustainable policies and workflows to address digital curation and long-term digital preservation needs for the Libraries and related campus assets.


    1. Develops, documents, implements and oversees preservation workflows, procedures and policies for Washington University Libraries’ digital assets, both digitized and born-digital. These assets include, but are not limited to, images, audio-visual recordings, data sets, web archives, e-mail archives, social media archives and 3D models. These policies include, but are not limited to, metadata standards, repository preservation standards, and storage standards.

    2. Participates in the administration and development of the University Libraries’ technology infrastructure for digital preservation, in collaboration with Library Technology Services, WUIT, and related campus units for technology services.

    3. Collaborates with Special Collections, Data Services, Digital Library and other key Libraries’ staff to ensure creation and maintenance of University Libraries digital assets according to current preservation practices.

    4. Provides consultation services to Washington University faculty, students and staff to promote education on preserving digital material and retrieving information from legacy media formats.

    5. Participates as part of the professional community to stay up to date on new programs, standards, and developments within the rapidly-growing digital library field. This includes pursuing continuing education and certification to remain current with the community of practice for digital preservation, as well as being a leader within the broader fields of preservation and digital libraries. Shares these developments with the University Libraries’ staff through periodic alerts, summaries, reports and revisions to policies and procedures. Participates in library-wide and university-wide activities, committees, special projects and programs, as assigned.

    6. Performs other duties as assigned.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Monograph Series: Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplements

    Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplements
    The Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplements  (BICS Supplements) include monographs, conference proceedings, newly edited texts, and the publication of international research projects, all supporting and facilitating the latest work in Classics around the world.

    All Books

    Cover for  The Digital Classicist 2013
    The Digital Classicist 2013
    Stuart Dunn, Simon Mahony
    9 December 2013
    Cover for  Marathon – 2,500 Years: Proceedings of The Marathon Conference 2010
    Marathon – 2,500 Years: Proceedings of The Marathon Conference 2010
    Christopher Carey, Michael Edwards
    2 December 2013
    Cover for  Erôs and the Polis: Love in context
    Erôs and the Polis: Love in context
    Ed Sanders; James Davidson, Nick Fisher, Dimitra Kokkini, Stavroula Kiritsi
    1 July 2013
    Cover for  Creating Ethnicities & Identities in the Roman World
    Creating Ethnicities & Identities in the Roman World
    Andrew Gardner, Edward Herring, Kathryn Lomas
    4 November 2013
    Cover for  Profession and Performance: Aspects of oratory in the Greco-Roman World
    Profession and Performance: Aspects of oratory in the Greco-Roman World
    Christos Kremmydas, Jonathan Powell, Lene Rubinstein
    19 October 2017
    Cover for  Persuasive Language in Cicero’s Pro Milone: A Close Reading and Commentary
    Persuasive Language in Cicero’s Pro Milone: A Close Reading and Commentary
    Lynn S. Fotheringham
    19 October 2017

    And see AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

    The Tesserae Project Blog

    Intertextuality in Flavian Epic Poetry Contemporary Approaches

    New book on Intertextuality in Latin Literature: https://www.degruyter.com/view/product/503007 Summary and goals: “This collection of essays reaffirms the central importance of adopting an intertextual approach to the study of Flavian epic poetry and shows, despite all that has been achieved, just how … Continue reading

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access publishing by the Institute of Classical Studies

    Open Access publishing by the Institute of Classical Studies
    Dr. Liz Potter, ICS Publications Manager, reports on an initiative to make the Institute’s publications freely accessible online.
    In the UK and EU, there are a range of initiatives currently aiming to make research widely and freely accessible to all. Publishing on an ‘Open Access’ (OA) basis makes research outputs free at the point of use, and thus aims to maximise their impact. OA publication is concerned to make research more easily accessible and reusable for as wide a range of audiences as possible—for research, for innovation, for teaching, and to support public engagement.

    In line with these initiatives, the ICS is starting to make its publications available on an Open Access basis. The Institute’s activities have included publication since its early days: the Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (BICS) was first published in 1954; and the Bulletin’s associated Supplements have been published on an occasional basis since 1955. For our Open Access work, we are starting with our recent Supplements.

    We are publishing these Supplements via the Humanities Digital Library. This is the Open Access publishing platform for the University of London Press. Six of the research institutes which make up the University’s School of Advanced Study have Open Access publications on the platform: ourselves, the Institute of Historical Research, the Institute of Advanced Legal Study, the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, the Institute of English Studies, and the Institute of Latin American Studies. The Institute thus benefits from its connections with the wider University by being part of this platform, cross-referencing its publications with those of other Institutes, for example.

    BICS Supplements available Open Access

    To date, we have made available the following titles. They are all free to access as PDF versions online, published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. There are also links on the site to purchase the title in book form for those who wish.

    Eros and the Polis (BICS Supplement 119)
    The articles in this edited volume take a historicizing approach to the conventions and expectations or erôs in the archaic and classical polis. Focusing on the poetic genres, they pursue issues including: the connection between homosexual erôs and politics; sexual practices that fell outside societal norms; the roles of sôphrosynê (self-control) and akrasia (incontinence) in erotic relationships; and the connection between erôs and other socially important emotions such as charis, philia, and storgê.

    Creating Ethnicities and Identities in the Roman World (BICS Supplement 120)
    This volume explores how practices of ethnic categorization formed part of Roman strategies of control across their expanding empire. It also considers how people living in particular places internalized these identities and developed their own sense of belonging to an ethnic community.

    Persuasive Language in Cicero’s Pro Milone (BICS Supplement 121)
    This innovative approach to Cicero’s persuasive language applies ideas from modern linguistics to one of his most important speeches. The reading of Pro Milone which emerges not only contributes to our understanding of late republican discourse, but also suggests a new methodology for using the study of language and style to illuminate literary/historical aspects of texts.

    The Digital Classicist 2013 (BICS Supplement 122)
    This wide-ranging volume showcases exemplary applications of digital scholarship to the ancient world and critically examines the many challenges and opportunities afforded by such research. As such it is a contribution to the development of scholarship both in the fields of classical antiquity and in Digital Humanities more broadly.

    Profession and Performance (BICS Supplement 123)
    This volume brings together six papers relating to oratory, orators, and oratorical delivery in the public fora of classical Greece and Rome. They range from the Athenian courts and Assembly to Cicero’s Rome, from the ‘Second Sophistic’ to the late Roman Empire. A final paper reflects on the continuing relevance of rhetoric in the modern, highly professionalized practice of the law in England.

    Marathon: 2,500 Years (BICS Supplement 124)
    This volume includes twenty-one papers originally presented at a colloquium in the Peloponnese in 2010 to mark the 2,500th anniversary of the battle of Marathon. It is a celebration of Marathon and its reception from classical antiquity to the present era.
    Our aim is to publish more of our recent backlist on this platform in the coming months. Watch this space!
    The BICS Mycenaean Studies

    As I’ve previously reported on this blog, the abstracts from the ICS Mycenaean Seminar are also now published online on Humanities Digital Library. The seminar has been convened by the Institute since the 1950s, and summaries of the seminars have been published as part of BICS since 1963. Starting with the 2015-16 series, the Mycenaean summaries are now published separately online, and become far more widely available as Open Access publications. Click these links to read The BICS Mycenaean Seminar 2015-16 and The BICS Mycenaean Seminar 2016-17; the summaries of the 2017-18 and 2018-19 year are coming soon!
    by Liz Potter

    LiLa-Linking Latin: Lemma Bank available

    LiLa-Linking Latin: Lemma Bank available
    We are glad to announce that the LEMMA BANK QUERY INTERFACE of the "LiLa: Linking Latin" ERC project is now online at: https://lila-erc.eu/query/

    Users can query the LiLa collection of Latin lemmas, used to interconnect linguistic resources and tools with Linked Data technology, through a simple graphical interface. The Lemma Bank comprises 134,228 Lemma objects and 58,278 Hypolemma objects, as well as 4,224 lexical bases, 109 suffixes and 41 prefixes. Query results can be saved as a CSV file, visualized in the LOD View or LOD Live interfaces, and the underlying SPARQL code can be copied with a simple click.

    Users familiar with the SPARQL query language can also access the LiLa triplestore, which currently provides three end-points: Lemma Bank, Corpora ("Summa contra Gentiles" of the "Index Thomisticus Treebank") and lexicalResources (the "Brill Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages"). Please note that both Corpora and lexical resources are work in progress.

    For details, please check the list of publications about LiLa available at https://lila-erc.eu/output/

    For future updates, please follow LiLa's official website and social media accounts!

    Greta H. Franzini, Ph.D
    Postdoctoral Researcher
    LiLa: Linking Latin [ERC n. 769994]: https://lila-erc.eu
    +39 02 72342954 | greta.franzini@unicatt.it | http://gretafranzini.com/
    Institutional page: http://docenti.unicatt.it/eng/greta_franzini/
    ORCiD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1159-5575

    CIRCSE Research Centre: https://centridiricerca.unicatt.it/circse_index.html
    Facoltà di Scienze Linguistiche e Letterature Straniere
    Franciscanum Building, 2nd Floor, room 209
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
    Largo Gemelli 1,
    20123 Milan, Italy

    Digital Medievalist Journal: https://journal.digitalmedievalist.org/
    Umanistica Digitale Journal: https://umanisticadigitale.unibo.it
    Associazione per l’Informatica Umanistica e la Cultura Digitale (AIUCD): http://www.aiucd.it/

    The Signal: Digital Preservation

    LC Labs Letter: February 2020


    A Monthly Roundup of News and Thoughts from the Library of Congress Labs Team

    Apply to be the next Innovator in Residence!

    The Library of Congress Innovator in Residence program is a competitive residency for outside researchers or practitioners to creatively use the Library’s digital collections.

    The first Innovator was data artist Jer Thorp and the current cohort includes Ben Lee (https://labs.loc.gov/experiments/newspaper-navigator/) and Brian Foo (https://labs.loc.gov/experiments/citizen-dj/) With Brian and Ben’s projects underway, LC Labs is excited to accept applications for the next round of projects.

    To be our 2021 Innovator in Residence, email a concept paper about what you could do with the Library’s collections to Loc-BAA@loc.gov by March 15th, 2020. Project concept papers should consist of a vision statement and schedule and price estimates, and be no more than two pages in length. See the posting for more info: go.usa.gov/xp8PP

    Read all about it! Machine Learning + Libraries Summit: Event Summary now live.

    On Friday, September 20, 2019, the Library of Congress hosted the Machine Learning + Libraries Summit. This one-day conference convened 75 cultural heritage professionals (roughly 50 from outside the Library of Congress and 25 staff from within) to discuss the on-the-ground applications of machine learning technologies in libraries, museums, and universities.

    This recently released event summary includes more detailed information about the conference agenda, participants, and topics discussed. We hope this report grants readers insight into the conference proceedings and serves as a point of entry into broader conversations around the challenges, opportunities, and actionable items concerning machine learning in cultural heritage. You can find it under “Machine Learning + Libraries Summit: Event Summary” on the LC Labs Reports Page.

    Upcoming Quarterly Update: Computing Cultural Heritage in the Cloud

    Please join us for our second quarterly call in which we will discuss describe the progress to date and answer questions about past and upcoming opportunities. Let us know your questions ahead of time by filling out this form.

    Here are the details of the call:


    • DSD staff recently attended the fourth Digging into Data conference; a workshop about OCR for non-English languages; and the Sustainability of Web-Based Mapping Projects meeting. We’re interested in many events investigating computational methods and how they overlap with the work of libraries–if you have one coming up, we’d love to attend!

    Kate’s Corner
    Notes from the Director of Digital Strategy

    Our work in Digital Strategy, at its core, is about enabling change. We all know how hard change can be – I know I don’t like it when the interface for the application I’m using changes, even if ultimately I learn to love it.

    This means that, in our work, we sometimes encounter conflict. We find ourselves in conversations where we have competing or conflicting goals or disagreement. Sometimes people worry about the consequences change will bring, which may not be predictable even with good data and smart minds.

    I like to lean into the conflict, and start with the assumption that everyone is doing their best. Sometimes I find out I’m wrong, and that’s fantastic. Other times, we can find a way forward that mitigates concerns. Either way, by allowing challenging encounters to drive my curiosity about other people’s perspectives, I try to create a culture where we can pursue our goals while making the right choices and building trust.

    -Kate Zwaard


    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    War, Influenza, and the University

    This is crossposted with the NDQ blog which you can (and should!) explore here.

    Like many people, I’ve been watching the spread of coronavirus with a combination of fascination and shock. Watching a virus traverse the world via our dense network of travel, community, and institutions is a remarkable reminder of the vital global flows that make our situation possible. It seems to speak to something fundamental to the late 20th and early 21st century.  

    At the same time, the spread of the virus draws me back to an article in the NDQ archive that describes the onset of the influenza epidemic on the campus of the University of North Dakota in 1918. In the waning months of World War I, influenza ripped through the Student Army Training Corp stationed at UND. By the time it ended, 29 student cadets had died.   

    Below is an excerpt from O.G. Libby’s article on the work of North Dakota’s colleges and universities during the Great War published by NDQ in 1919.

    You can read more from NDQ’s archive here.  

    O.G. Libby, “The Work of the Institutions of Higher Education” NDQ 10, Number 1 (January 1919), 61-80.

    The work of the S.A.T.C [Student Army Training Corp] unit had hardly begun when the student body was overtaken by an epidemic of influenza which caused suspension of all classes by quarantine October 8, and finally of all but the most necessary of camp duties. Following the establishment of the quarantine in Grand Forks as well as at the University the street cars were stopt at Hamline avenue and guards were stationed at every University entrance for the control of traffic and the exclusion of the public from the University campus. On the thirteenth of October, Sunday, a large number of the students reported as sick of the influenza at the base hospital establisht in the Phi Delta Theta house and at the emergency hospital on the third floor of Budge Hall. The number of patients increast so fast that by the following Tuesday the military headquarters were removed to Davis Hall and all the students rooming in this dormitory were transferred elsewhere as rapidly as possible. By the end of the week pneumonia began to develop among the patients and the University found itself in the grip of the worst epidemic in its history. Lieutenant Jesse H. McIntosh was camp physician during the existence of the S.A.T.C. unit. During the epidemic he was assisted by Dr. James Grassick, University physician, who had his headquarters at Budge hall. The women patients at the University were cared for, principally, at a temporary hospital in a nearby cottage. Dr. H. E. French, Dean of the University School of Medicine, had charge of all these cases and was able to deal so successfully with the epidemic that he lost none of his patients.

    Lack of adequate hospital facilities on the University campus led to undesirable overcrowding, and since no provision for this contingency had been made in advance the most fatal consequences followed. The largest number of patients was cared for in Budge Hall, and that the mortality there did not run higher is due solely to the professional skill and untiring devotion of the head nurse, Miss Mae McCullough. Immediately on being placed in charge of the nurses at this hospital, near the close of the first week of the epidemic, she introduced every device that her long experience had shown her to be useful in such emergencies. The hospital record of every patient was kept at his bedside accessible to the nurses and doctors. Every patient had abundance of fresh air, but screens were placed over the windows so as to avoid dangerous draughts. The cots were raised on specially made blocks so as to render the care of the patients easier for the attendants. A diet kitchen was installed where proper food could be prepared under the most favorable circumstances. Relays of Grand Forks women, chosen from those most able to assist her, workt day and night under her directions to save the worst cases and to prevent further development of the most dangerous phase of the epidemic. The citizens of Grand Forks responded to every call for help. The day and night shifts at Budge Hall were conveyed to and from their homes in autos even during the worst weather. Meals were brought out every night to those who went on duty in the evening. When the head nurse called for volunteer doctors from the city to serve at the hospital during the night, at which time the regular physicians were not on duty, there was no lack of response. The services of the Red Cross were placed at the service of the University by its representative, Mr. C.C. Gowran, while the chairman of the University War Committee, acting as his volunteer assistant, helpt to discover the needs of every one and to fill them promptly. With all the care that could have been lavisht upon them, the patients would have fared badly but for the medical supplies and other material daily brought from the Red Cross headquarters at Grand Forks. Within the S.A.T.C. unit itself the medical students gave freely of their utmost as nurses’ aides while the details of military orderlies did their work loyally under the most trying circumstances. The remarkable severity of the epidemic in every part of the country makes the record of its ravages of special interest. How a number of other institutions met and combatted the scourge is given in brief at the close of this sketch. Appended to these summaries is a table of the statistics for each institution that furnisht the facts.

    Near the close of the epidemic the War Committee sent the follow communication to the President:

    In view of the severity of the recent epidemic and the constant danger of a renewal of its ravages, in view of the trust reposed in us by the parents of the students in attendance at the University and for the purpose of more fully utilizing the service of the medicalmen of Grand Forks City and County, it is recommended by the University War Committee:

    1. That a joint medical committee be formed by voluntary association for the purpose of taking into consideration the special problems arising from the spread of the epidemic at the University S.A.T.C camp, this committee to consist of the medical army officer of the camp, the Dean of the University School of Medicine, the Grand Forks County Health Officer, the City Health Officer, and the chairman of the Commercial Club Health committee.

    2. While, from the military situation, it is recognized that the function of this committee must be purely advisory, it is strongly urged that the committee, acting for the whole state constituency of the University, consider every phase of the public health situation connected with the S.A.T.C. camp life, and to that end it is suggested that the committee be subject to call by any one of its members.

    As events turned out, there was no renewal of the epidemic but it was felt that there was now a well-digested plan on file so that any future emergency might not again find us wholly unprepared. S.A.T.C. class work was gradually resumed during the first week in November. The general quarantine on the city and University
    was not removed, however, and the outside student body did not return for work. As only six weeks remained of the first quarter, the class work was altered so as to cover, as far as possible, the courses for the entire quarter. The signing of the armistice on November 11 and the subsequent order for demobilization put an end to the S.A.T.C. organization and opened the way for a resumption of regular University work.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Communities and knowledge production in archaeology

    Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
    Editors: Julia Roberts, Kathleen Sheppard, Ulf R. Hansson and Jonathan R. Trigg
    Cover Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
    The dynamic processes of knowledge production in archaeology and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences are increasingly viewed within the context of negotiation, cooperation and exchange, as the collaborative effort of groups, clusters and communities of scholars. Shifting focus from the individual scholar to the wider social contexts of her work, this volume investigates the importance of informal networks and conversation in the creation of knowledge about the past, and takes a closer look at the dynamic interaction and exchange that takes place between individuals, groups and clusters of scholars in the wider social settings of scientific work. Various aspects of and mechanisms at work behind the interaction and exchange that takes place between the individual scholar and her community, and the creative processes that such encounters trigger, are critically examined in eleven chapters which draw on a wide spectrum of examples from Europe and North America: from early modern antiquarians to archaeological societies and practitioners at work during the formative years of the modern archaeological disciplines and more recent examples from the twentieth century. The individual chapters engage with theoretical approaches to scientific creativity, knowledge production and interaction such as sociology and geographies of science, and actor-network theory (ANT) in their examination of individual–collective interplay. The book caters to readers both from within and outside the archaeological disciplines; primarily intended for researchers, teachers and students in archaeology, anthropology, classics and the history of science, it will also be of interest to the general reader.
    eISBN: 9781526134561
    Introduction: clusters of knowledge - Julia Roberts, Kathleen Sheppard
    1 How archaeological communities think? Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck's concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology - Monika Milosavljevic
    2 Circular 316: archaeology, networks, and the Smithsonian Institution, 1876-9 - James E. Snead
    3 'More for beauty than for rarity': the key role of the Italian antiquarian market in the inception of American Classical art collections during the late-nineteenth century - Francesca de Tomasi
    4 Digging dilettanti: the first Dutch excavation in Italy, 1952-8 - Arthur Weststeijn and Laurien de Gelder
    5 A romance and a tragedy: Antonín Salac and the French school at Athens - Thea De Armond
    6 Geographies of networks and knowledge production: the case of Oscar Montelius and Italy - Anna Gustavsson
    7 'More feared than loved': interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler - Ulf R. Hansson
    8 The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh - Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh
    9 'Trying desperately to make myself an Egyptologist': James Breasted's early scientific network - Kathleen Sheppard
    10 Frontier gentlemen's club: Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology - Vladimir V. Mihajlovic
    11 Re-examining the contribution of Dr. Robert Toope to knowledge in later seventeenth century Britain: was he more than just 'Dr. Took'? - Jonathan R. Trigg

    Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

    From the Ivory Tower to the School Yard: Writing About Archaeology for a Young Audience

    As a Ph.D. candidate, most of my writing is geared toward an audience composed of fellow grad students, professional archaeologists, university professors, and avocational archaeologists. In many ways, we write in a language that only other archaeologists, those initiated into the discipline and its methods, can understand. How, then, do we translate this idiosyncratic language into something that elementary school students, the target audience for the Archaeology 101 project, can easily digest, enjoy, and learn from?

    Aside from the technical aspects of creating an interactive website, this language barrier has been one of the largest challenges for this project. Not only must jargon be used sparingly and, when used, must be clearly defined, but sentence length, sentence structure, and word choice are also critical factors for making text understandable for young readers. We must also try to make the content of the webpage, including complex topics like preservation or how archaeologists tell time, engaging and relatable for a much younger audience, as this will help kids to understand the content of the website and hopefully create a greater interest in archaeology. Part of this engagement is demonstrating that archaeological research is a process and that there is a great deal left to learn, indicating that readers are not just passive recipients of information, but can actually contribute to our understanding of the past.

    During our development of the Archaeology 101 Project website, we have tried to tackle these issues in a number of ways. We decided that our first step would just be to write, to get ideas and examples onto the webpages no matter the writing style. We would then go back through and re-work this text to adjust word choice, make sentence structure less complex, fine-tune the examples, and to try and make our writing more active and exciting. We are working on this second step right now.

    In our writing, the use of some jargon is unavoidable. While we tried to use jargon sparingly, when we do use it, the word is bolded in the text and is immediately defined. When possible, examples are also included in order to create a more concrete understanding of what terms represent. Through text, images, examples, and our interactive elements, we also strive to explain concepts and then show how to apply them in order to reinforce learning. Finally, at multiple points in the website, we seek to demonstrate that our knowledge of the past is incomplete and that there is much more to find and understand.

    While it is a challenge to write for different audiences, it is something that academics need to learn about and do more often. Communication between experts and the public is essential, as it helps to disseminate research results in a proper manner and exert some control over the narrative, instead of leaving it in the hands of celebrities and popular authors who can distort the past, do harm to descendant communities, and mis-represent the scientific endeavor as a whole (see Zach’s recent blog for a great discussion on why we should engage with the public). It is a skill that takes training, and should become a greater focus in the future as archaeology wrestles with popular media and those pesky ancient aliens.      

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Journal: Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua

     [First posted in AWOL 21 October 2016, updated 20 February 2020]

    Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua

    ISSN 0213-0181
    ISSN-e 1988-3080
    Gerión, con ISSN: 0213-0181, es una revista con formato 17x24 cm, que fue fundada en 1983 con periodicidad anual. En 2002 pasó a tener periodicidad semestral y en 2012 de nuevo anual. Recoge en sus páginas artículos originales y una selección de reseñas de obras de reciente publicación (en todos los idiomas académicos) sobre temas relativos a las ciencias de la Antigüedad, con especial dedicación a la Historia Antigua. También acepta otros campos que inciden directamente sobre esta materia: Epigrafía, Arqueología, Filología, etc.
    Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua (ISSN 0213-0181, ISSN-e 1988-3080) is a journal that was founded in 1983 and is published on an annual basis. In 2002, it became a six monthly publication and in 2012, annual once again. It compiles original articles and a selection of reviews of recently published works (in all academic languages) on topics relating to the Sciences of Antiquity, particularly devoted to Ancient History. It also accepts works from other fields that have a direct effect on this subject: Epigraphy, Archaeology, Philology, etc. 
    Publicado: 2019-12-17
    • Laura Sancho Rocher, César Fornis Vaquero, Manel García Sánchez



    Vol 32 (2014)


    2004: Anejo VIII


    Vol 5 (1987)




    February 19, 2020

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Virtual Exhibition: Les livres dans le monde gréco-romain

    Les livres dans le monde gréco-romain
    La célébration du 175e anniversaire de l’Université de Liège fut l’occasion, pour Odette Bouquiaux-Simon, alors directrice du CEDOPAL, d’organiser à la Salle Marie Delcourt de la Bibliothèque générale, du 1er au 31 mars 1993, une exposition sur « Le monde des livres dans l’Antiquité classique », reprise en grande partie ici. Avec quelques modifications, et une traduction néerlandaise, celle-ci fut également présentée à la Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er de Bruxelles en février-mars 1995 et à la Bibliothèque universitaire de Louvain en septembre-octobre 1996. D’autres expositions encore demandèrent le concours du CEDOPAL, auquel elles empruntèrent souvent une partie des panneaux de présentation composés par Patrick David : « Du papyrus à l’ordinateur » (Pepinster, septembre 1992), « Le papier et le livre (Visé, novembre 1996), « Du papyrus au livre et à Internet » (Liège, Palais des Princes-Evêques, septembre 1997), « Médecine et société en Grèce antique » (Musée Royal de Mariemont, septembre-décembre 1998) pour les papyrus grecs de médecine et « Les Empereurs du Nil » (Tongres, Musée Gallo-romain, septembre 1999-février 2000; Valenciennes, Musée des Beaux-Arts, mars-juin 2000; Amsterdam, Musée Allard Pierson, décembre 2000-mars 2001) pour la section « littérature ».

     Le logo du CEDOPAL

    Conçu par Denis Renard, le logo du CEDOPAL évoque l’hiéroglyphe égyptien du buisson de papyrus avec, en surimpression, une lettre grecque alpha provenant d’un papyrus d’Homère (P. Tebt. 2. 426 = MP³ 628 du IIe siècle de notre ère) retrouvé à Tebtynis.

    Jason Heppler (History in the Digital)


    This semester I am piloting a new six-week workshop series on the R programming language called BootcampR. I’ve been teaching R workshops for a few years now and I’ve seen a few things that keep recurring in these. First, I seem to run out of time. Every time. So, the easy fix is to make the workshop a little longer – of course, I want to be respectful of people’s schedules, so I didn’t add much time to the workshops.

    Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

    Adventures in JavaScript: Creating games for Archaeology 101

    A main component of the Archaeology 101 project will be interactive games created through different JavaScript libraries to teach visitors about different archaeological concepts. If you aren’t familiar with the project, please check out the project introduction blog: part 1 and 2 to learn more!

    Initially, I thought I would try to use DraggableJS to create a artifact matching game. However, as I began looking through the JS library to see how I could adapt it for this project, I realized that the code was far beyond my skill level. As I searched for a replacement, I found jQuery, a feature-rich JS library, that contained the versatility I needed to create the matching game.

    While I am not finished creating the game, using online tutorials I have been able to successfully code a matching game for four objects (see the video below!).

    However, there are still some aspects of the game I am struggling with. I have only been able to successfully get two out of the four objects to return to their original placement if not correctly matched. As I work towards better understanding the JS code, my goal is to have each object return to their original placement if not match correctly. I would also like to add a ‘reset’ button to the game, so visitors are able to start over if they would like, returning the objects to their original location and the definitions for each object returning. Once the code is modified, I am going to select final objects and definitions for the game instead of the current placeholders.

    Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

    Materiality and Agency

    I’ve had to move forward my self-imposed deadline for the chapter on “Objects, Materiality, and Agency” for my slowly developing book in the Archaeology of Contemporary American Culture to give me some space to shift gears and return to the archaeology of Late Antique Cyprus. As a result, my current chapter will be very rough around the edges. 

    At the same time, the topic of the chapter — thing theory, materiality, and agency — are not particularly prominent in the archaeology of the contemporary US. Shannon Lee Dawdy’s work in post-Katrina New Orleans perhaps being the most prominent exception, but even this drew more heavily on critiques ground in North American historical archaeology than the critiques of agency and ontology favored by European archaeologists.

    There are a few exceptions, however, and the second half of this chapter will discuss the “ontological turn” in archaeology of the contemporary world and introduce two case studies: Timothy LeCain’s work at the Berkeley Pit in Butte, Montana, and the work of photographer Micah Bloom in Minot, North Dakota after the 2011 Flood.

    As with the other chapters, this is my morning work. Stay tuned for updates.  

    Updated 1:45 pm 2/19/20

    Dawdy’s work blends currents in American historical archaeology with attention to the role of capitalism and perspectives on the consumer culture rooted in the work of Daniel Miller and his students of modern material culture. Her interest in complicating and challenging Marx’s idea of the fetish, for example, echoes efforts among scholars of the things to demonstrate that things are more than simply vulgar distractions meant to obscure the social working of labor. At the same time, Dawdy’s insistence that material culture in New Orleans represents a critique of consumer culture, rather than simply a distinctive expression of how things serve to construct social relationships, suggests a continued hostility toward things as they exist within consumer culture mediated by contemporary capitalism.

    Dawdy’s interest in the material signs of patina on old things in New Orleans, however, speaks to a growing interest among archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists into the materiality of things. In geographer Caitlin DeSilvey’s book, Curated Decay, she discussed her work to document the deteriorating remains of a century-old Montana farmstead which had been abandoned in 1995 (DeSilvey 2017; 2006). Looking through over a century of objects, she observed the multiple processes and agents that have shaped the assemblage of material associated with this farmstead and described evidence for the nesting habits of rodents, patterns produced by hungry insects, and the play of humidity, microbial action, rust and rot on the fabric of the farm and its contents. She speculatively proposes the potential for collaborative curation with animals, microbes, and chemical processes that continuously transform the materials that make up our contemporary world. Any one who has stepped foot in an abandoned building recognizes that the evidence for abandonment has less to do with the absence of human activity as it does the visible presence of a wide range of non-human agents and processes.

    The DeSilvey’s work offers a compelling North American example of recent efforts to consider the materiality of our world in ways that challenges the long-standing dichotomies between humans and nature and humans and things that have defined the social sciences and humanities for the last two centuries. Many of these approaches center on critiques of the working ontologies that allow us to group objects into categories of ”things.“ These critiques have often emphasized flat ontologies which reject the hierarchical divisions that rank humans, animals, and things at different levels. Flat ontologies, often loosely described as “object oriented ontologies” offers a paradigm for understanding the interaction between things, between things and humans, and between humans as fundamentally similar. In this approach to objects, things have a kind of agency in their interaction with humans and other things. Archaeologists have introduced these and similar ideas in a diverse range of ways from calls for a “symmetrical archaeology” (Witmore) to the concept of “entanglement” (Hodder xxxx) and new or neomaterialism (for a survey of these approaches see LeCain 2017). Michael Shanks and Bjørnar Olsen, for example, stress that things are not a separate category (Shanks, et al. 2012, p. 8-9). Many of these ideas continue ways of thinking reminiscent of Donna Haraway’s idea of the cyborg, in which the blurry division between humans and things extends to recognizing the heterogeneous character of objects in our everyday life (Haraway 1991?; LeCain 2017, p. 80). Tim Edensor observes that ruins likewise blur the difference between human and non-human agency making it impossible to keep tidy ontological divisions when confronted with elusiveness of human efforts to create order in the world (LeCain 2014, 64; Edensor 2005). Breaking down the purity of categories like things and humans undercuts co-constructivist views in which things create society and, more importantly, provides a way to consider the commingled meshwork of existence that makes human life on earth possible (Latour xxxx; Ingold xxxx).

    Timothy LeCain’s study of the Berkeley Pit in Butte, Montana demonstrates how some of these ideas can shape new understandings of the world (LeCain 2009; LeCain 2014). While LeCain is a historian, not an archaeologist, his attention to materiality and matter offer a compelling perspective for the discipline of archaeology and an opportunity to connect the discipline to environmental history. The Berkeley pit was a massive open pit mine created by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company in 1955 after conventional mining methods using tunnels and shafts became less effective. The massive pit excavated by equally massive machines eventually extended for 1800 feet below the surface and was near 1.5 miles wide (LeCain 2014, 71). In 1982, mining ceased at the pit and when the pumps that served to keep pit dry stoped operating, it filled with acidic water laced with a toxic combination of heavy metals. The copper mined from this pit served to conduct electricity, make guns, produce components for TVs and Michael Schiffer’s portable radios. It also provided jobs to generations of residents of Butte, Montana. The pit changed the local landscape and introduced toxic chemicals to the water table. The toxic water interacted with residents and wildlife.

    LeCain starts his 2014 article on the “ontology of absence” with the arresting story of a flock of migrating snow geese who landed in the pit in 1995 and were killed by its toxic waters. The interplay between the geese, the mining, the metals in the acidic waters, the rhythms of migration, and the weather conditions that night led to their demise. LeCain concludes with the observation that humans created the pit, but the absence presence of the pit remains a persistent and independent agent in the global landscape, technologies, and even migratory patterns that shape our world.

    February 18, 2020

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    neues Fachwörterbuch (Mehrsprachige Online-Wörterbuch zum Fachwortschatz der Verwaltungssprache des griechisch-römisch-byzantinischen Ägypten)

    neues Fachwörterbuch (Mehrsprachige Online-Wörterbuch zum Fachwortschatz der Verwaltungssprache des griechisch-römisch-byzantinischen Ägypten)

    Das "Mehrsprachige Online-Wörterbuch zum Fachwortschatz der Verwaltungssprache des griechisch-römisch-byzantinischen Ägypten" (kurz neues Fachwörterbuch (nFWB) ) ersetzt, aktualisiert und erweitert das 100 Jahre alte Lexikon von Friedrich Preisigke, "Fachwörter des öffentlichen Verwaltungsdienstes Ägyptens: in den griechischen Papyrusurkunden der ptolemäisch-römischen Zeit" (Göttingen 1915). Es präsentiert die Lemmata mit Schreibvarianten und Übersetzungen in Deutsch, Französisch, Englisch, Italienisch, Spanisch und Arabisch. Eine umfangreiche Recherchefunktion gestattet es zudem, sich Lemmata nach Sachgruppen geordnet anzeigen zu lassen, eine Volltextsuche durchzuführen und die Suchergebnisse nach verschiedenen Kriterien zu sortieren. Das neue Fachwörterbuch verlinkt u.a. den frühesten und spätesten Beleg direkt zum Volltext bei papyri.info und verweist auf die einschlägige Forschungsliteratur. 

    Hinweise zum Aufbau und zur Benutzung des neuen Fachwörterbuchs finden Sie hier . Beachten Sie bitte, dass die mit einem * gekennzeichneten Einträge lediglich eine wortgetreue Wiedergabe des korrespondierenden Eintrags in F. Preisigkes "Fachwörterbuch" beinhalten, aber noch nicht neu bearbeitet worden sind. Auch bezüglich Darstellung und Funktionalität befindet sich die Seite noch im Aufbau. Über Anregungen und Kritik würden wir uns freuen. Bitte schreiben Sie uns an fwb@lists.uni-leipzig.de

    Finanziert wird das Projekt im Rahmen der Forschungsförderung „Geisteswissenschaftliche Forschung“ für 2015 des Sächsischen Staatsministerium für Wissenschaft und Kunst über die Sächsische Aufbaubank über einen Zeitraum von 2 Jahren und 11 Monaten (2015 – 2018).
    The "multilingual online dictionary of the technical administrative language of Graeco-Roman-Byzantine Egypt" (in short: new Fachwörterbuch (nFWB) ) replaces, updates and extends its known predecessor, Friedrich Preisigke's "Fachwörter des öffentlichen Verwaltungsdienstes Ägyptens: in den griechischen Papyrusurkunden der ptolemäisch-römischen Zeit" which was published more than 100 years ago, in 1915. It displays the lemmata with spelling variants and translations into the languages German, French, English, Italian, Spanish and Arabic. By using an extensive research function it is also possible to sort the lemmata by their subject groups, to perform a full text search and to arrange the search results by different criteria. The new Fachwörterbuch indicates the earliest and the latest record of a word's meaning and links to their full-texts at papyri.info ; it also gives bibliographical references and offers further information concerning the word and its meaning(s).
    Here you find information on the structure and use of the new Fachwörterbuch. Please note that the entries marked with a * are only the literal reproduction of the corresponding entry in Preisigkes "Fachwörterbuch". They have not been edited anew, yet. Likewise as for its appearance and functionality this page is still being developed. We would be glad to receive your critical and inspiring opinions and suggestions. Please write to fwb@lists.uni-leipzig.de .
    The project is funded by the Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Wissenschaft und Kunst in corporation with the Sächsische Aufbaubank within a programme to support research entitled "Geisteswissenschaftliche Forschung" over a period of 2 years and 11 months (2015 – 2018).

    The Signal: Digital Preservation

    The Magnificent Seven: Looking Back on a Year of Exploring the Web Archives Datasets

    It has been just over a year since we kicked off a deep dive into the Library of Congress Web Archives on the Signal! Now at over 2 petabytes, the web archives are a complex aggregation of interrelated web objects that make up the internet as we know it (images, text, code, audio, video, etc.). In keeping with the Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress, we are working to “throw open the treasure chest” by making this digital content as broadly available as possible. However, without the proper tools to navigate this complex resource, users may think of the treasure chest as more of a Pandora’s box! Two broad goals directed our investigation: 1) to develop a better understanding of the individual media objects that comprise the web archives, and 2) to surface specific sets of individual resources from the web archives that will support users exploring research and creative uses of archived content. Let’s check in on how things have progressed.

    The Datasets

    Over the last year, we were able to release seven web archive file datasets. Each dataset consists of 1,000 files generated from indexes of the web archives, which were used to derive a random list of 1,000 files identified by specific media types and hosted on .gov domains, along with associated metadata extracted by Apache Tika and other tools.

    Alongside releasing the seven datasets, we also published five blog posts which illustrate some questions to ask and explore in each of these datasets.

    Creative Uses of the Datasets

    Speaking of which, we were excited to see our datasets used in creative ways with a variety of digital tools. For example:

    • Matt Miller’s Byzantine PDF creates a “Frankenstein” PDF document by cobbling together bits and pieces from the 1,000 PDFs in our dataset.
    • Anaphora (also by Miller) uses AWS Transcribe to generate transcripts of audio files that can be used to find repeated phrases (see Figure 1 for a glimpse of the interface).

    Please let us know if you are aware of any additional uses! We’d love to help spread the word and are eager to see how the data is being (re)used.

    Detail of the Anaphora interface.

    Learning from the Data

    Creating, publishing, and exploring these datasets also helped us understand a little more about the individual resources that make up the web archives. One of the most significant issues was the accuracy of technical information in the HTTP responses. Extracting these resources demonstrated how often this data could be misleading. For example, many resources in the audio dataset media types have ambiguous relationships to specific media types. For example, the RealAudio format files could just as easily be audio, video, or even metadata files. On a similar note, the PDF post discusses how some of the PDF creation dates went back to the seventies (note: PDFs were’t created until the mid 1990s) because the files were encoded with the original date the document was produced in analog form, not the date that the file itself was created.

    Perhaps the trickiest limitations are more conceptual in nature, concerning the strategies and rationales we use for drawing boundaries around particular web objects. The interconnected nature of these web objects requires us to balance a holistic understanding of the web archives with more practical concerns like how to “drill down” into a WARC to isolate and provide access to discrete media objects. One of the more confounding items we encountered is a spreadsheet that lacks any values because it is meant to dynamically extract data from external sources via a server-based backend. And let’s not forget that the ways in which people use formats will vary and change over time! The PowerPoint dataset includes slide decks that feel more like books (or game shows) than presentations, though you would never know this simply by looking at the media type declaration.

    Looking Forward

    Together, these datasets and blog posts begin to illustrate the wealth of potential value that can come from exploring the web archives. Thanks again for tuning into our In the Library’s Web Archives series on the Signal! We hope this has been as informative (and entertaining) to others as it has been for us.

    Now that all the datasets are out, we would love to hear more from the digital preservation community about related efforts with web archives content! We are also interested in hearing about how these datasets have been used for educational and creative uses. So do tell us if you find any interesting ways to use these files.

    Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

    Open Access Monograph Series: Barcino Monographica Orientalia

    Barcino Monographica Orientalia
    Issue DateTitleAuthor(s)
    2019Luwic Dialects and Anatolian: Inheritance and DiffusionAdiego, Ignasi-Xavier; Garcia Trabazo, José Virgilio; Vernet Pons, Mariona; Obrador Cursach, Bartomeu; Martinez Rodriguez, Elena
    2016Apocalipsis del Pseudo Atanasio [ApPsAt(ar)II]. Edición, traducción anotada y estudioMonferrer Sala, Juan Pedro; Pseudo-Atanasi; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2015La Biblia hebrea en la literatura: guía temática y bibliográficaOlmo Lete, G. del; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2015Estudios de intertextualidad semítica noroccidental. hebreo y ugaríticoOlmo Lete, G. del; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2014Poderes colectivos en la Siria del Bronce FinalSolans, Bárbara E.; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2013Diversidad de formaciones políticas en Mesopotamia y el Cercano Oriente: organización interna y relaciones interregionales en la Edad del BronceDi Bennardis, Cristina; Ravenna, Eleonora; Milevski, Ianir; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic; Universidad Nacional de Rosario
    2018The private archives of Ugarit: a functional analysisOlmo Lete, G. del; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2018Gender and methodology in the ancient Near East: approaches from assyriology and beyondBudin, Stephanie Lynn; Cifarelli, Megan; Garcia Ventura, Agnès; Millet Albà, Adelina; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2017Studies in Sumerian Civilization. Selected writings of Miguel CivilCivil, Miguel, 1926-; Feliu Mateu, Lluís; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2016Historia del Instituto del Próximo Oriente Antiguo (1971-2012)Vidal Palomino, Jordi
    2017Arabic manuscripts in the Maronite Library of Aleppo (Syria)Río Sánchez, Francisco del; Institut del Pròxim Orient Antic
    2017La Interpretación del antiguo Israel, entre la historia y la política

    And see AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies