Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

October 02, 2014

Perseus Digital Library Updates

Perseus Open Publication Series

October 2, 2014
University of Leipzig, Germany
Tufts University, USA

Initial Call for Contributions:

Greek and Latin Editions
Modern Language Translations
Contributions to the Ancient Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanks.

The Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University and the Open Philology Project at the University of Leipzig announce plans for the Perseus Open Publication Series (POPS), a new venue for open access and open data publications in any format and in any language that the Perseus Digital Library can support. The Perseus Digitary Library attracted 390,000 visitors in August 2014 while its contents are now prominent digital collections for two universities, one in Germany and one in the United States, each of which maintains its own repository. The Perseus Open Publication Series thus provides a visible, non-exclusive publication medium for those who wish their content to reach the widest possible audience and to be preserved as a part of the Perseus Digital Library.

Development of POPS will take place in stages and will ultimately include content in any format and on any subject within the Perseus Digital Library. This initial call is aimed at those who are producing, wish to produce, or who have already produced, well-understood forms of publication such as editions, commentaries, modern language translations, as well as the Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanks, and other resources that shed light upon sources in Greek and Latin and where the content can be reviewed with fairly traditional editorial processes. If you have published a digitized Greek or Latin edition or a new translation on a website or as a PDF file, and if you want to see this work also published as a part of the Perseus Digital Library, please let us know. You can continue to keep making your material available on your website and giving it to others to publish.

We expect the range of materials that we accept to expand in the coming years. We particularly encourage translations, both in English and in other languages — the ability to identify qualified reviewers provides the critical limiting factor on how much material we can assess. We encourage authors to produce their own TEI XML, using materials already in the Perseus Digital Library as templates and we will offer training for the most committed potential contributors and editors in producing EpiDoc TEI XML and/or creating morphological and syntactic annotations of Greek and Latin. This training can take place either at Leipzig or in other countries. We currently support training in Croatian, English, French, German, and Italian, with plans to expand to other languages. Where particularly important material already exists in HTML, Word, PDF or some other format, we will consider helping with the conversion into XML.

New contributions will be published initially as part of a new repository for Greek and Latin textual materials and accompanying annotations, based upon the Canonical Text Services Architecture. The CTS architecture will provide the backend for the next generation of the Perseus Digital Library website.

Our strategy to make the system itself is based upon making all content available under an appropriate Creative Commons license via the Perseus.org web site, while charging for services that make that content more convenient (e.g., a subscription that provides constantly updated versions of the Perseus texts in e-book format). All content and software that we produce will be open and others will be able — as they are already — to create their own versions and services based upon the Creative Commons licenses that authors select. Authors will be free to publish their materials in as many other venues as they choose (e.g., PDF representations of their materials might appear in Academia.edu or ResarchGate) and store their materials in additional repositories.

We have formed a steering committee to accomplish the following goals: (1) to identify potential authors and existing content; (2) to participate actively and constructively in planning the on-going development of the Perseus Open Text Series.

Those interested in contributing send inquiries here.

Steering Committee (as of October 1, 2014)
Bridget Almas, Tufts and Alpheios.net
Alison Babeu, Tufts
Marie Claire Beaulieu, Tufts
Christopher Blackwell, Furman University
Monica Berti, Leipzig
Federico Boschetti, CNR, Pisa
Michèle Brunet, Lyon
Giuseppe G. A. Celano, Leipzig
Lisa Cerrato, Tufts
Harry Diakoff, Alpheios.net
Reinhard Foertsch, German Archaeological Institute, Berlin
Greta Franzini, Leipzig (Goettingen, as of 2015)
Neven Jovanovic, Zagreb
Thomas Koentges, Leipzig
Matt Munson, Leipzig
Charlotte Schubert, Leipzig
Neel Smith, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester MA
Simona Stoyanova, Leipzig

October 01, 2014

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Chicago House Bulletin

 [First posted in AWOL 28 December 2010. Updated 1 October 2014]

Chicago House Bulletin
The Epigraphic Survey based at Chicago House in Luxor, Egypt, is directed by W. Raymond Johnson, PhD, Research Associate (Associate Professor) NELC and Oriental Institute.
The mission of the Survey since its founding in 1924 has been to produce photographs and precise line drawings of the inscriptions and relief scenes on major temples and tombs at Luxor for publication. More recently the Survey has expanded its program to include conservation, restoration, and site management. In addition to the field director, the professional staff of the Survey normally includes three to four epigraphers, four to five artists, two photographers, an architect, a librarian, several conservators, stonemasons, and IT consultants. The epigraphers and artists include both graduate students and post-doctoral scholars who have received training in all aspects of Egyptology. The Epigraphic Survey is currently conducting its 90th archaeological field season.
Some issues of the Chicago House Bulletin originally appeared as a part of the Oriental Institute News & Notes:

For a listing of all Oriental Institute publications available online  see:

The Mamasani (Iran) Archaeological Project Online Publication

[First posted in AWOL 5 June 2013, updated (changed URLs 1 October 2014]

The Mamasani Archaeological Project: Stage 1
The response from colleagues to the appearance of the first edition of The Mamasani Archaeological Project: Stage One was tremendous but, for various reasons, it proved difficult to distribute the book from Tehran where it was published. Although co-publication with a publisher in Britain, Australia or Europe was investigated five years ago, nothing came of these original enquiries. Earlier this year, we raised the issue of distribution and, with the assistance of Dr Abbas Moghaddam, we put a proposal to Dr Mohammad Mortezaie, Director of the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR), suggesting the publication of a revised, second edition, as well as a downloadable PDF version, outside of Iran so that students and scholars with an interest in Iranian archaeology could easily access the book. To our great delight this proposal was approved and the result is before you.
D.T. Potts, University of Sydney.


The second edition of The Mamasani archaeological project stage one: A report on the first two seasons of the ICAR–University of Sydney expedition to the Mamasani District, Fars Province, Iran is published by Archaeopress as BAR S2044 and may be ordered directly from them, Amazon.co.uk, or the David Brown Book Co.


Complete edition

Individual chapters

High-resolution downloads

Note that these files are extremely large and you will almost certainly be satisfied with the above versions instead.

Complete edition: High-resolution

Individual chapters: High-resolution

The Signal: Digital Preservation

Announcing the Release of the 2015 National Agenda For Digital Stewardship

2015-nat-agenda-coverThe National Digital Stewardship Alliance is pleased to announce the release today of the “2015 National Agenda for Digital Stewardship.”  The Agenda provides funders, decision‐makers and practitioners with insight into emerging technological trends, gaps in digital stewardship capacity and key areas for research and development to support the work needed to ensure that today’s valuable digital content remains accessible, useful, and comprehensible in the future, supporting a thriving economy, a robust democracy and a rich cultural heritage.

The 2015 National Agenda is the result of many months of individual effort and dedicated institutional support from across the NDSA community and it integrates the perspective of leading government, academic, nonprofit and private-sector organizations with digital stewardship responsibilities.

This year’s Agenda builds on the foundations of the 2014 Agenda (PDF) and outlines the challenges and opportunities related to digital preservation activities in four broad areas: Key Issues in Digital Collection Building; Organizational Policies and Practices; Technical Infrastructure Development; and Research Priorities. Each section articulates priorities then offers a set of actionable recommendations to address the challenges.

A theme running through the Agenda is that while there is more content being created than ever, there’s also increasing recognition by businesses, research institutions, policymakers and funders that legacy digital content contributes to positive job creation and international competitive advantage. At the same time, digital stewardship processes are reaching a critical mass of maturity and uptake, and more work is being done to steward digital content than ever before.

The Agenda addresses both of these trends and attempts to make sense of the changing landscape and articulate the priority actions that will have the most impact on community and practice.

Key Issues in Building Digital Content Collections

Much of the investment and effort in the field of digital preservation has been focused on developing technical infrastructure, networks of partnerships, education and training, and establishing standards and practices. Little has been invested in understanding how the stewardship community will coordinate the acquisition and management of born‐digital materials in a systematic and public way.

A key issue in building digital content collections is that a gap is starting to emerge between the types of materials that are being created and used in our society and the types of materials that make their way into libraries and archives. The stewardship community must recognize this gap and explore ways to address it. Other core digital content recommendations include:

  • Build the evidence base for evaluating at‐risk, large‐scale digital content for acquisition. Develop contextual knowledge about born‐digital content areas that characterizes the risks and efforts to ensure durable access to them.
  • Understand the technical implications of acquiring large‐scale digital content. Extend systematic surveys and environmental scans of organizational capacity and preservation storage practices to help guide selection decisions.
  • Share information about what content is being collected and what level of access is provided. Communicate and coordinate collection priority statements at national, regional and institutional levels.
  • Support partnerships, donations and agreements with creators, owners and stewards of digital content. Connect with digital content creation communities across commercial, nonprofit, private and public sectors to leverage their incentives to preserve.

Organizational Policies and Practices

The digital preservation community is struggling with ways to advocate for resources and adequate staffing while articulating the shared responsibility for stewardship. The Agenda identifies efforts in the area of organizational roles and policies for digital stewardship that focus on actions that support the development of an environment where the mandate and need for digital preservation are matched with the resources, staffing and professional community prepared to meet those mandates and needs. These include:

  • Advocate for resources. Share strategies and develop unified messages to advocate for funding and resources; share cost information and models; and develop tools and strategies that inform the evaluation and management of digital collection value and usage.
  • Enhance staffing and training. Explore and expand models of support that provide interdisciplinary and practical experiences for emerging professionals and apply those models to programs for established professionals. Evaluate and articulate both the broad mix of roles and the specialized set of skills in which digital stewardship professionals are involved.
  • Foster multi‐institutional collaboration. Foster collaboration through open source software development; information sharing on staffing and resources; coordination on content selection and engagement with the development of standards and practices; and identify, understand and connect with stakeholders outside of the cultural heritage sector.

Technical Infrastructure Development

The 2015 Agenda continues a focus on technical infrastructure development, defined as “the set of interconnected technical elements that provide a framework for supporting an entire structure of design, development, deployment and documentation in service of applications, systems and tools for digital preservation,” including hardware, software and systems. The key technical infrastructure recommendations include:

  • Coordinate and sustain an ecosystem of shared services. Better identify and implement processes to maintain key software platforms, tools and services; identify technologies which integrate well to form a sustainable digital workflow; and identify better models to support long‐term sustainability for common goods.
  • Foster best practice development. Give priority to the development of standards and best practices, especially in the areas of format migration and long‐term data integrity.

Research Priorities

Finally, the Agenda recognizes that research is critical to the advancement of both basic understanding and the effective practice of digital preservation. Generally speaking, research in digital preservation is under‐resourced, in part because the payoff from long-term preservation arrives in the distant future and is shared across multiple communities. Still, investments in core research will yield large impacts. Core research recommendations include:

  • Build the evidence base for digital preservation. Give priority to programs that systematically contribute to the overall cumulative evidence base for digital preservation practice and resulting outcomes–including supporting test beds for systematic comparison of preservation practices.
  • Better integrate research and practice. Give priority to programs that rigorously integrate research and practice or that increase the scalability of digital stewardship.

The 2015 Agenda is designed as a catalyst to action for legislators, funders, decision-makers and practitioners. The NDSA will support the release of the Agenda with outreach and education events across the country over the course of the next year, while diving deeper into questions posed by the Agenda with research papers to address particular issues, such as file fixity.

Download the full report and the executive summary at http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/ndsa/nationalagenda/index.html.

Founded in 2010, the NDSA is a consortium of over 150 member institutions committed to the long-term preservation and stewardship of digital information. NDSA member institutions come from all sectors, and include universities, consortia, professional societies, commercial business, professional associations, and government agencies at the federal, state, and local level. Further information about the NDSA can be found at http://NDSA.org.

The Stoa Consortium

CFP: Seminar on Latin textual criticism in the digital age

The Digital Latin Library, a joint project of the Society for Classical Studies, the Medieval Academy of America, and the Renaissance Society of America, with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, announces a seminar on Latin textual criticism in the digital age. The seminar will take place on the campus of the University of Oklahoma, the DLL’s host institution, on June 25–26, 2015.

We welcome proposals for papers on all subjects related to the intersection of modern technology with traditional methods for editing Latin texts of all eras. Suggested topics:

  • Keeping the “critical” in digital critical editions
  • The scholarly value of editing texts to be read by humans and machines
  • Extending the usability of critical editions beyond a scholarly audience
  • Visualizing the critical apparatus: moving beyond a print-optimized format
  • Encoding different critical approaches to a text
  • Interoperability between critical editions and other digital resources
  • Dreaming big: a wishlist of features for the optimal digital editing environment

Of particular interest are proposals that examine the scholarly element of preparing a digital edition.

The seminar will be limited to ten participants. Participants will receive a stipend, and all travel and related expenses will be paid by the DLL.

Please send proposals of no more than 650 words to Samuel J. Huskey at dll-seminar@ou.edu by December 1, 2014. Notification of proposal status will be sent in early January.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Ps.Chrysostom, De Salute Animae, now online in English

A rather splendid Greek sermon appears in the Clavis Patrum Graecorum as entry 4622 (vol. 2, p.577-8), among the spuria of Chrysostom, with the title De salute animae (on the salvation of the soul).  Some mss. attribute it to Chrysostom, others to Ephrem Syrus.  It exists in two versions in Greek, and also in Coptic, Georgian and Arabic versions.

The content of the sermon is terrific!  It is an exhortation to Christians not to be led astray by the things of this world, but instead to strive to work out our salvation and to be what Christ wants us to be.  The writer points out how futile the distractions will look on judgement day.

Adam McCollum drew my attention to this obscure work, and he has kindly translated the two Greek versions for us.  The translation is given in parallel columns, so that the differences can be seen.  As is quickly apparent, this is one sermon that has been reworked by a secondary author.

Here it is:

Since the two are in parallel format, there’s only a PDF of this at the moment.  (It is also on Archive.org here)

As with all my commissions, I place this in the public domain.  Do whatever you like with it, personal, educational or commercial.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Hellenistic Corinth

Over the last few weeks I’ve bee reading Mike Dixon’s new book: Late Classical and Early Hellenistic Corinth, 338-196 BC for a book review. As with so many of my plans, I had hoped to have a draft of the book review done by the end of September. It doesn’t look like that will happen, so instead, I’ll write a blog post that can serve as a rough draft of the review and to capture my impressions on the book before they get washed out by a million other little projects.

Dixon’s work on the Hellenistic Corinth was eagerly anticipated. His 2000 dissertation on interstate arbitration in the northeastern Peloponnesus became a convenient guide to the unpublished antiquities and general topography of the southeastern Corinthia. It was among the finest of a group of topographic dissertations focusing on the northeastern Peloponnesus in Greek antiquity. In this work he demonstrated that he was a conscientious reader of archaeological landscapes, and he brought this same care to his reading of the political landscape of the Hellenistic Corinthia.

There is much to like in this book.

First, it appears at a time when the Hellenistic world is enjoying a renaissance and the archaeology of Hellenistic Corinthia will get its share. The publication of Sarah James’ dissertation, the imminent publication of the Rachi settlement above the sanctuary at Isthmia, and David Pettegrew’s soon to be published monograph on the historical periods on the Isthmus, and even my own modest contributions to the fortification and topography of the Late Classical and Hellenistic Corinthia demonstrate the extent of scholarly interest in this period and this place. It would not be an exaggeration to say that the Hellenistic period is the new Late Antiquity. 

Dixon’s book provides a single destination for the literary sources central to the basic narrative of the Hellenistic period at Corinth. This alone makes the book valuable to scholars of the Corinthia. Dixon’s argument that the Corinthian polis negotiated its relationship with its Macedonian rulers through the strategic deployment of eunoia, or reciprocal goodwill, is likely to attract critique, but it is consistent with how scholars like John Ma have understood the relationship between cities and Hellenistic rulers.

Dixon’s book is explicitly and almost exclusively political in scope, and he creatively weaves together the admittedly limited sources for the city’s political life throughout this period. At times, Dixon’s work feels a bit speculative. For example, his efforts to understand why Corinth did not return the actor Thessalos who had fled to Corinth after angering Phillip II for attempting to arrange a marriage alliance on Alexander’s behalf. Dixon offers several possible scenarios to explain why Corinth defied Phillip’s request despite having a Macedonian garrison there. Dixon proposes (albeit gently) that Thessalos could be a Corinthian and this accounted for his confidence in fleeing to the city. The reason for Corinth’s failure to comply and endangering eunoia with the Macedonian dynasty remains unclear, and Dixon’s speculation adds little substantive to his arguments. In fact, if more evidence existed for Corinth during this period, it would be tempting to reject the historicity of the Thessalos affair and the letter of Phillip as many scholars have and move on. In Dixon’s defense, he marks his treatment of this affair as speculative, and I tend to appreciate his willingness to explore the limited sources fully, but to others these red herrings may detract from his overall arguments.

More problematic in Dixon’s work is his tendency to read the behavior of the city as monolithic in its motivation. For example, I struggled to discern the strategy of eunoia from the goals of the Corinthian state. Even when a Macedonian garrison watched over the city of Acrocorinth, there must have existed factions within the Corinthian demos who sought not only different ends but also different means to these end. For example, in the complex political wrangling that involved Corinth’s relationship with the Achaean League and the political influence of Aratos of Sikyon, some of Corinth’s vacillating might reveal political factions within the city who had varied interests rather than the pivot of the entire city based on proximate military or diplomatic threats. 

While we lack the sources to confirm the existence of these factions, Dixon’s reading of the Corinthian politics assumes certain strategic understandings of power relations in the Hellenistic world. In recent years, the study of Hellenistic diplomacy and practical political theory has enjoyed renewed attention. My entrance into these debates came through Michael Fronda’s book on the diplomatic moves of Hannibal and the Greek cities of south Italy during the Second Punic War. Dixon’s book and arguments would have been stronger had he engaged some of this recent scholarship more fully to frame his work in a larger historiographic and theoretical context. Whether this would have revealed more nuanced readings of Corinth’s diplomatic history is difficult to know, but it certainly would have linked the history of this important city more clearly to ongoing discussions on interstate relations in the ancient world. 

I would have also enjoyed a more thorough treatment of archaeological work outside of the immediate environs of the city. Dixon’s dissertation and experience excavating at Corinth demonstrated his archaeological chops, and he dedicates a chapter to the archaeology of the Hellenistic period on the Isthmus. Most this chapter focused on major monuments and sanctuaries, and most of his critical engagement with recent archaeological work in the region appears only in his footnotes. For example, it would have been useful to understand how Dixon understood David Pettegrew’s recent skepticism toward the economic significance of the diolkos. I have also valued Dixon’s take on the various remains fortifications from the Late Classical and Hellenistic period throughout the Corinthia. Understanding the strategies employed by various Macedonian monarchs (and invading armies) to fortify or garrison the city’s chora might provide insights into how recognized Corinth’s military value in a regional context as well as their approach to protecting the city’s  economic foundation in the countryside.

In general, my desire for greater attention to archaeological detail and efforts to connect Corinthian diplomatic practices to ongoing discussions within the field reflect more my interest and the book that I’d like to see, than any shortcoming on Dixon’s part. 

Finally, (and I say this with the trepidation of someone who just published a book) I wish these Routledge books were better copy edited. While copy editing problems never obscured the meaning of the text, they were frequent enough to be distracting. Things like this, however, do not detract from the book’s over all value. It’ll be the first book on a new shelf in my library ready to receive the fruits of the impending Hellenistic revival.   

EAGLE News: Europeana Network of Ancient Greek and Latin Epigraphy

Eagle 2014 conference in Paris: the Poster

Here’s our amazing poster for the Eagle 2014 conference in Paris! Heartfelt thanks to École Normale Supérieure and Collège de France Chaire Religion, institutions et société de la Rome antique who hosted this most high-profile event!



Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Norwich cathedral – no entrance unless you pay $8?

The more things change, the more they stay the same.  All public institutions in our time seem to be in decay, with ever fatter salaries for those nominally in charge, and ever less concern as to whether the job gets done at all.  This is sometimes eerily remniscent of the 18th century.  Yesterday I found myself thinking of a passage in the Memories of Dean Hole, the Victorian Dean of Rochester, where, looking back on the wretched state of things as they were at that period, and imagining a foreigner visiting, he writes[1]:

But most impressive, at first sight, to me was the sight, not only in cities and in towns, but in every village, of the church tower or spire, rising over the roofs and the trees, and hard by the pastor’s peaceful home. Surely, I thought, we have here, not only a prosperous, intellectual, energetic, brave, and accomplished people, but they are devout and religious also. Imagine then my disappointment when, as I drew near, I found the graveyards were uncared for, the tombstones broken, defaced, defiled, the church doors barred and locked, and when I obtained admission, for which I was manifestly expected to pay, I looked on desolation and decay, comfortable apartments for the rich, with cushions and carpets, bare benches for the poor; and was told that the church was only used once in the week, and that the chief shepherd resided a hundred miles from his sheep!

Emphasis mine.

Yesterday I visited the ancient city of Norwich, and, taken by a whim, walked over to the cathedral close in the deliciously named Tombland district of the city.  Once inside the close, an oasis of peace after the busy traffic without, I walked across to the west door, the entrance to the cathedral.  But … it was closed.  Instead, signs directed me to a little doorway, in the dreadfully inappropriate modern extension, with gift shop, restaurant and other commercially-driven features.  Not that I have any objection to a cathedral restaurant; but visiting it was not the purpose of my visit.


Rather gingerly I ventured into this entrance, and found myself looking at plate glass sliding doors, rather like an upmarket shop for women’s clothes.  The doors opened as I approached, and I stepped inside, and looked to see where the entrance to cathedral might be.  None was visible; but I was instantly buttonholed by an attendant who opened a leaflet she was proferring with a plan of the cathedral, and started heaping on me advice and help.  All of which was very unwelcome.

The need for all this was caused solely by the fact that the Dean and Chapter had closed the west door and diverted me to a side door in a different building.  It was, frankly, very intrusive to be forced to engage in conversation with this tourist guide.  I wasn’t there for commercial purposes; she, on the other hand, was there for no other purpose.

I declined the map, and obtained the information that entrance might be found to the left, behind some building work.  I walked, already feeling rather unsettled by all this, and found another doorway.  On the other side of this was an admissions desk, of the kind familiar from every tourist attraction, and prominently featured in very large letters was a statement along the lines of “Recommended Donation: £5″.  The whole view gave a very definite message to the visitor, and not by accident either.  If I went through that door, the message was, I had better be prepared for a fight, or to lose a substantial amount from my wallet.

Of course I could have hardened my heart and strode through.  But what manner of man comes to a cathedral in that frame of mind?  Other than perhaps Oliver Cromwell, whose attitude towards cathedrals at that moment struck me as more reasonable than it usually does.

What sort of church creates conditions in which sensitive visitors are guilt-tripped into handing over money, or else made to feel uncomfortable throughout their stay, or encouraged to make themselves insensitive?  We’re not children.  We know how modern fund-raising is done.  We all know that such people are sharks, whatever they say.   All this flummery was merely manipulation, deliberate, cold-blooded, by design, and for no other purpose than to shake down the visitor for money.  And the visitor was presumed to be comfortably middle-class; for what poor man would enter, faced with this?

I’m not ashamed to say that I turned around and walked back to the entrance that I had come in.  I didn’t want to be subjected to such psychological abuse.  I didn’t have to be here, after all.

Not that I could get out so easily; the “automatic” door only admitted people, and it required the assistance of the tourist person to find a button to let me out.  It was noticeable how much less friendly my reception was on trying to leave!

Outside I was accosted by a young man, dishevelled, his face bearing the marks of habitual insobriety, and with the urgency of one in need of his next fix.  On seeing my face he quickly abandoned his effort to get money, and I saw him approach several old ladies, and then he scampered out of the close.

I wandered back to the town centre, and there I found a group of old men preaching and handing out leaflets.


They weren’t slick.  Indeed their amateurishness was rather embarassing, and everyone gave them a wide berth.  But they kept on trying, and were still there a couple of hours later.

One of them was trying to give away leaflets, without much luck.  I took one, and found that for the price of a stamp I could get more booklets and a free bible (which would otherwise cost £10).

I was reasonably sure that none of these old men were members of the chapter of Norwich cathedral.

The contrast between the two ways of following God struck me forcibly.  On the one hand was a vast estate of prime real estate, filled with lovely ancient buildings, providing those who ran it with every comfort and nice incomes.   These saw their task as extracting money from the visitor, in order to improve their own situation and that of the estate.  They were, in some respects, no different to the beggar at their door, seeking money for his fix; except that he was in need and they, conspicuously, were not.

On the other hand were a group of men, asking nothing, unpaid, giving away what they had and willing to give more for the price of a stamp, and willing to be unpopular and mocked for doing so.

It was an uncomfortable reflection, and somewhere in it is the root of all anti-clericalism, and indeed all atheism.

It would be easy to be unfair on the Dean and Chapter, of course.  They owe their appointment to the state, which controls all church appointments by a Byzantine system of committees,[2] and appoints men principally for their loyalty to the establishment, their flexibility in principle, and their ability to shuffle the paper and utter pieties when needed.  But what it does not provide is funding to go along with it.  The appointees must make do with whatever historic funds their institution has; and this is rather slender.  Naturally men of this kind will try to make ends meet by whatever methods are available, as any of us might in the same position.  They are not sensitive to the claims of Christianity, and its responsibility to others, for otherwise they would not have been appointed.[3]  So … they do as such men have always done.  What else could they do?  They do, indeed, as the Jewish priests in Roman times did.  They act pragmatically.  But I do believe that a certain Jesus of Nazareth commented unfavourably on such behaviour.  On the other hand, since he could never have afforded the “recommended donation”, perhaps it doesn’t matter?

It’s all rather sad.  I hope that I live long enough to see, as Dean Hole lived long enough to see, the end of such things.  Let us hope that we too can say, of our imaginary foreigner, looking at what we see now:

How great would be his surprise of joy could he return to us now!

Let us hope it will be so with us too.

Postscript: I commented on this on Twitter. This drew the following curious response:

I enjoyed the irony of this: the bland denial of the extraction process, followed by an email address starting with the word “marketing@…”.

No thank you, gentlemen; I am not part of your “marketing”.

  1. [1] Online here, p.137.
  2. [2] Those who question whether Anglican appointments are indeed of this nature – for I have seen it questioned – should ponder on the appearance of an Old Etonian archbishop recently, appointed by an Old Etonian Prime Minister with a cabinet full of Old Etonians.  The appointment provoked an outbreak of mirth and cartoons in major  newspapers.
  3. [3] I am told that it is now almost 20 years since any bible-believing Christian was made a bishop, and that 80 appointments have been made since.  Not one bishop now believes the bible.  Such are the perils of a state church.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Roman Inscriptions of Britain

Roman Inscriptions of Britain

Welcome to the home of RIB online

This website hosts Volume One of The Roman Inscriptions of Britain, R.G. Collingwood's and R.P. Wright's magisterial edition of 2,401 monumental inscriptions from Britain found prior to 1955. It also incorporates all Addenda and Corrigenda published in the 1995 reprint of RIB (edited by R.S.O. Tomlin) and the annual survey of inscriptions published in Britannia since.

Preface (2014)

Editorial Policy

This online edition of RIB aims to faithfully reproduce the printed edition and the relevant addenda and corrigenda published in Journal of Roman Studies and Britannia. We have endeavoured to make as few editorial interventions as possible, apart from the correction of typographical errors and the modifications necessary to incorporate the addenda and corrigenda. In particular:
  • Addenda have been interleaved or appended, as appropriate (e.g., 1045, 1051). Addenda from the 1995 reprint are indicated by the notation ‘[RIB + add.]’. Addenda from Britannia since 1995 are similarly notated with their respective volume numbers and page references.
  • Corrigenda have been silently applied.
  • Last known locations of inscriptions have been updated where more recent information has been obtained.
  • Measurements have been converted from English imperial to metric, except where quoted. However, conversion of Roman measures to English feet (e.g., from passus or pedes) are unchanged.
  • Certain personal names have been regularized: Lywhd, Lluyd (sp?).
  • Instances of consonantal u have been changed to v.
  • Instances of ‘(centuria/o)’ and ‘(milliaria)’ have been converted to respective symbols (𐆛 and ) (e.g., 143, 977).
  • Newer readings characterized as ‘read’ or ‘better’ in the Addenda published with the 1995 reprint of RIB have been incorporated into transcripts.
  • References to "Mr. (now Professor) …" changed to "Professor …" (etc.)
  • Per Addendum (see note to RIB 152), all translations of numen as ‘deity’ have been changed to ‘divinity’, e.g., instances of ‘deities of the emperor’ are now ‘divinities of the emperor’.
  • Certain museum or other holding institution names have been updated (e.g., Carlisle Museum is now Tullie House Museum).
  • There have been numerous reorganizations of modern political boundaries in Britain in the nearly fifty years since RIB was first published. Accordingly, all geographical references have been updated to reflect these changes. E.g., the former county of Westmorland has been subsumed into Cumbria (formerly Cumberland), the Ridings of Yorkshire have been re-organized into their respective modern counties, Jarrow has been moved from County Durham to Tyne & Wear, etc.
  • Other geographical changes are as follows:

The Friedberg Genizah Project News

Via e-mail
The Friedberg Genizah Project (FGP) is pleased to announce that, following an Agreement with the Oxford Bodleian Libraries, high-quality digital images produced by the  Oxford digitization services for all Genizah manuscripts and fragments in these Libraries (about 25,000 images) will be displayed in the Friedberg Genizah website.

FGP would like to thank the Bodleian Libraries and their Officers for their goodwill and their genuine spirit of cooperation in this endeavor.

Melissa Terras' Blog

Want to be taken seriously as scholar in the humanities? Publish a monograph

(This is the unedited version of a piece published yesterday over at Guardian Higher Ed.)

A decade ago, in my first year as lecturer in a Humanities department, an eminent Professor helped me secure a book contract with a top university press for my recently completed doctoral thesis. Another senior colleague stopped me in the corridor: “This is very rare,” she said. “And this is what gets you ahead in this game.” The book itself is a lovely object, of which I’m still very proud (it took me four years of doctoral research, plus another two years of preparation). It only sold a few hundred copies: enough to make the press happy, and to give me annual royalties of a fiver. There is an ebook, comparable in price to the physical version, but no Open Access version. Despite little proof that it is well read, it has been cited just enough to give me another elusive point on the dreaded H-index. We don't write Humanities monographs for riches, we may do for an attempt at academic fame, but the career kickback for me was rapid promotion. In the Humanities, the monograph’s the thing.

Today, the Humanities publishing landscape is, of course, changing alongside every other. We must work through the potentials and issues that digital technologies bring. With digital publishing comes the uncoupling of content from print: why should those six years of work (or more) result in only a physical book that sits on a few shelves? Why can’t the content be made available freely online via Open Access? Isn’t this the great ethical stance: making knowledge available to all? Won’t opening up access to the detailed, considered arguments held within Humanities monographs do wonders for the reputation and impact of subject areas whose contribution to society is often under-rated?

Research councils are prescribing Open Access requirements for outputs which will be submittable in the next REF, and there are now nods towards monographs being included in those requirements at some elusive point in the future. The Humanities’ dependency on the monograph for the shaping and sharing of scholarship means that
scholars, and publishers, should be paying attention.  How will small-print runs of expensive books fare in this new “content should be available for free” marketplace? How will production costs be recouped? Predatory models are already emerging, with established presses offering Open Access monographs alongside the print version for an all inclusive £10,000 charge to offset a presumed (but not proven) fall in revenue: out of the reach for most individual academics, or many institutions. I certainly couldn't have afforded those costs, a junior academic fresh out of the doctoral pod, with student debt hanging around my neck.

The latest JISC survey on the attitudes of academics in the Humanities and Social Sciences to Open Access monograph publishing makes an interesting contribution to this debate, showing how central single author monographs still are to the Humanities, and how important the physical – rather than digital – copies are. People still like to read, and in many cases buy, them. The survey suggests monographs are fairly easy to access even in physical form (inter-library loan, anyone?). Open Access is welcomed, and is seen to increase readership, but the physical object is still central to the consideration of the monograph: something which should allay fears of publishers wondering how any change in the REF requirement will affect their bottom line.  The most difficult problem seems to be securing a book contract in the first place, whether that has an Open Access option or not: the survey clearly shows that ECRs need help and guidance to do so.

Will I publish another monograph without an associated Open Access version? No, but getting published in the first place is the important thing. What advice do I have for early career researchers looking to publish their doctoral thesis, especially if they had the chance to do so with a strong, established academic publisher? The monograph is still the thing: anyone who wants to be taken seriously as a scholar in the Humanities should work towards having one. Open Access requirements are on the horizon, so broach them with the publisher. Don't accept £10,000 costs. Brandish this survey, say People Still Buy Books. Ask for help from those further along the academic path to help you navigate the pre-contract stage. Even with the changing publishing environment, some things stay the same: the importance of the physical single author monograph, and the importance of academic patronage.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Nuova tecnica non invasiva indaga la Dama con l'ermellino

dama-ermellino-analisiSi chiama Layer Amplification Method (Lam) la tecnologia non invasiva messa a punto da un ricercatore francese per indagare la tecnica e la storia esecutiva del celebre dipinto "Dama con l'ermellino" di Leonardo da Vinci.

Heritage Science un'infrastruttura per la valorizzazione dei beni culturali e la loro fruizione

heritage-science-merjenj jpgHeritage Science è una nuova insfrastruttura di ricerca dedicata ad accogliere soluzioni tecnologiche innovative per il restauro, la diagnostica, la fruizione e la promozione del patrimonio culturale.

ETT a LuBeC 2014: le tecnologie per i Musei innovativi

Parsjad ALTINO Domus VirtualTourAnche la società ETT parteciperà all’edizione 2014 di LuBeC – Lucca Beni Culturali, l’incontro internazionale, organizzato da Promo PA Fondazione, dedicato allo sviluppo e alla conoscenza della filiera beni culturali - tecnologie - turismo, che si terrà il 9 e 10 ottobre a Lucca.

Il riuso dei contenuti culturali digitali: un'opportunità per le industrie culturali e creative

athena plus

Presso la Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale in Viale Castro Pretorio giovedì 2 ottobre si svolgerà la Conferenza Internazionale del Progetto europeo AthenaPlus dal titolo "Il riuso dei contenuti culturali digitali per l’istruzione, il turismo e il tempo libero".

Le tecnologie del futuro per un tuffo nel passato alla XVII Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico

archeovirtual-Purini-CesareVivere il passato, nei suoi edifici, nei suoi paesaggi e nella sua quotidianità, attraverso video ed applicazioni mobili: alla Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico tutto questo è possibile grazie alla Mostra ArcheoVirtual. La Borsa, giunta alla XVII edizione, si svolgerà nuovamente nell’area archeologica della città antica di Paestum nei giorni 30-31 ottobre 1-2 novembre. Le suggestive location saranno l’area adiacente al Tempio di Cerere (tre strutture geodetiche con i lati trasparenti ospiteranno il Salone Espositivo e due delle 4 sale conferenze), il Museo Archeologico e la Basilica Paleocristiana.

3D ArcheoLab Academy: corsi di fabbricazione digitale per i Beni Culturali

3darcheolab-corsi3D ArcheoLab Academy organizza corsi sulle tecniche di fabbricazione digitale applicate ai Beni Culturali.

Il termine Fabbricazione Digitale (o Digital Fabrication o fabbing) fa riferimento al processo attraverso cui è possibile creare oggetti solidi e tridimensionali partendo da disegni digitali. Questo processo, utilizzato ampiamente in manifattura per la creazione rapida di modelli e prototipi, può sfruttare diverse tecniche di fabbricazione sia additive, come la stampa 3D, sia sottrattive, come il taglio laser e la fresatura.

Il progetto Primarte al Salone del Restauro di Firenze


affresco-convegno-primarteLa prima presentazione pubblica completa della metodologia integrata sviluppata nell’ambito del progetto di ricerca e sviluppo PRIMARTE - “ApProccio integrato di Rete per l'Innovazione nelle Metodologie di diAgnostica e inteRvento sul paTrimonio artistico e architEttonico” - si svolgerà in occasione del Salone per l'Arte e il Restauro di Firenze che si terrà a Firenze dal 13 al 15 Novembre 2014. Il progetto è stato finanziato dalla Regione Toscana nel quadro del Bando Unico R&D 2012 - POR CReO FESR 2007 – 2013 Linea d’intervento 1.5.A - 1.6.

Corso di formazione: un approccio multidisciplinare e integrato per la diagnostica dei beni culturali

corso-primarteSono aperte le iscrizioni al corso di alta formazione: "Il cantiere innovativo: un approccio multidisciplinare e integrato per la diagnostica e l’intervento sui beni culturali e architettonici" durante il quale si prevede sia l'approfondimento delle metodologie impiegate che la presentazione dei risultati ottenuti nell’ambito del progetto di ricerca e sviluppo PRIMARTE: “ApProccio integrato di Rete per l'Innovazione nelle Metodologie di diAgnostica e inteRvento sul paTrimonio artistico e architEttonico” finanziato dalla Regione Toscana nel quadro del Bando Unico R&D 2012 - POR CReO FESR 2007 – 2013 Linea d’intervento 1.5.A - 1.6. 

Basamento antisismico per la statua di San Michele Arcangelo e del Drago del Duomo di Orvieto

duomo orvietoL'ENEA ha recentemene comunicato che dopo il suo recente restauro la statua in bronzo di San Michele Arcangelo e del Drago, originariamente collocata sulla facciata del Duomo di Orvieto *, è stata posta in sicurezza all’interno del Museo dell’Opera del Duomo di Orvieto mediante l'impiego di un basamento espositivo antisismico progettato dall’ENEA, che è in grado di preservare la statua in caso di terremoto grazie anche alla sua funzione di isolamento sismico.

Christopher Blackwell (Classics and Furman)

Eupatrid (Tuesday): Tools and Texts

The Project

I am teaching Greek Civilization this semester. The course is focusing on Athenian Democracy. I don’t think I understand Athenian Democracy very well, despite having spent a lot of time trying to understand the various institutions, offices, laws, assumptions, and rituals by which the free, male Athenian citizens undertook to govern themselves and the other inhabitants of Attica in the 5th and 4th Centuries BCE.

In an effort to take advantage of the 37 Furman students, with many different areas of expertise, who have signed up to look at Athenian Democracy with me, I want to look at the Athenian aristocracy, the “Eupatrids” (“the Well-Born”), who tended to hold high office, and who have (our ancient sources tell us) many connections to city-states outside of Athens. I want to start compiling a collection of data that captures these relationships. It seemed reasonable to call this project Eupatrid

There will be a link to a “Eupatrid” site as soon as it is ready.


Working on long-term projects like the Homer Multitext or the Furman University Manuscripts Club,  we have had great success using Git and GitHub to manage collaborative editing of texts, creation of data collections, and the other scholarly work necessary to document and analyze ancient texts.

For Eupatrid, however, we need to allow 37 people to build a collection of analytical data very quickly. For this, we need a relational database that conforms to the Atomicity. So after a few years away from it, I am back to working in Grails, a framework for quickly creating web-based applications that interact with relational databases. Here's what I have so far:

  • A PostgreSQL database backend.
  • A Grails application that allows users to log in as Editors and create records for…
    • Historical Persons
    • Relationships among Historical Persons
    • Relationships between Persons and Places
    • Citations to texts that document the above.

For historical places, we are infinitely grateful to Pleiades, which is a gazetteer of ancient geography. For this project, we have the always awesome Ryan Baumann to thank for making available tools that allow us to grab the complete Pleiades dataset and translate it into GeoJSON.

So… I think we are in good shape to capture relationships among…

  • Texts
  • Historical Persons
  • Places

My experience with projects like this has taught me that it is a terrible mistake to assume that you can capture data now, and wait until late in the semester to come up with a way of displaying it. The end of term is crazy; there is no time; and once the term is over, you move on to other things. So I think it is important to implement visualization of the data as we go along.

My plan for Wednesday is to get to the point where I can call Pleiades data from the CITE architecture and show it on a map. Later in the week, I'll work on showng graphs of family relations. Over the weekend, perhaps I can show graphs of relations layered atop geography, but that might be crazy-talk.

Before anything else, we don't want to make anything up. So step one is to get our Texts in order.


For every Person, we need at least one citation to an ancient text attesting that person. Likewise, for each relationship of peson <--> person, or person <--> place, we need citations to ancient texts that provide evidence. So we need our evidence to be citable.

From earlier work, we have a good Greek text of Kenyon’s edition of Aristotle’s Constitution of the Athenians in a CTS service. This lets us add citations to that text, and resolve them simply, like this:

Thanks to the Perseus Project, I have been able to start processing texts for the English translation of that work, as well as Plutarch’s Life of Solon in English and Greek. That should be a start. I hope that my next update will be able to provide links to those texts, online and citable with CTS URNs.

September 30, 2014

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

A Calendar Page for October 2014

For more information about the Huth Hours, please see our post A Calendar Page for January 2014. While the summer growing season may be over, the agricultural labours are by no means at and end, as these calendar pages for the month of October display. On the opening folio is...

Alexandra Trachsel (Travelling with Demetrios of Skepsis)

Digital Classicist Seminars Berlin

Two years ago I took part in the Digital Classicist Seminars in Berlin. I was therefore very happy to see the new programme for 2014-15. It looks pretty exciting!

Capture d’écran 2014-09-30 à 22.53.47

For more detail, please have a closer look at the Digital Classicist Berlin homepage

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Identify Imperial Portraits

Identify Imperial Portraits
Sebastian Heath, NYU/ISAW

Put simply, this page collects 3D models of Roman imperial figures so that students can gain skills in identifying them. It is part of a sequence and readers are encouraged to begin on the coin identification page.

The portraits shown below come from the following institutions or collections: Capitoline Museum, Corinth Museum, Getty Villa, Metropolitan Museum of Art, an Art Institute of Chicago via Anonymous Loan from Private Collector, North Carolina Museum of Art, Vatican Museums, and Yale University Art Gallery. The 3D models are generated from personal photographs and images from wikipedia/flickr or were dowloaded from public internet sources.

The above [click through] model of a portrait now on display in the Getty Villa, and images of a coin, now in the collection of the American Numismatic Society, both show an image of Augustus, the first Roman Emperor. Click on the model and rotate it to view Augustus in profile. That emphasizes the similarity of the small numismatic portrait and the larger sculptural representation. Also note that the coin identifies its subject. Specialists use such "self-identifying" Roman coins to identify portraits. Follow this same procedure for the unidentified portraits below.

One hint before you start, none of the portraits shown below are also of Augustus. That would be too easy.

Identify Imperial Portraits: Coins

Identify Imperial Portraits: Coins
Sebastian Heath, ISAW/NYU

Identify 5 of the following coins using the search tools at acsearch.info and the American Numismatic Society (ANS). You can also refer to the exhibition catalog "Faces of Power," which is available as a downloadble PDF. Don't be boring by identifying just the first five coins, instead choose a selection that interests you.

To indicate that you've identified 5 coins, send an email with links to the same coin type that you found at either acsearch.info or at the ANS. Both of these sites allow you to link to individual records. It is those short direct links that you want to submit. Examples:


This page is part of a sequence on identifying Roman imperial portraits. After completing the "coin identification" exercise, you can use these coins to help you identify the portraits on this page.

Heritage Bytes

Research outcomes of multi-author collaboration using open data

Q: What do you get when you mix a room full of zooarchaeologists with 200,000 records from seventeen archaeological sites?
A. An exercise in herding cats
B. A research paper in PLoS ONE
C. Both of the above

For better or for worse, the answer, in this case, is “C. Both of the above.”

In 2012, with support from the Encyclopedia of Life and the National Endowment for the Humanities, we brought a group of scholars together to integrate faunal data from seventeen archaeological sites in Anatolia and to collaboratively address a research question using those data. Our interest in organizing this project came from a desire to see more actual research outcomes drawing on data from multiple, open datasets. Up to that point, there had been a lot of discussion of the potential for data integration, but very little applied research showing how it actually happens, what the results might be, and what we can learn from the process of data sharing.

A better understanding of data sharing and reuse is important because funders of archaeology are increasingly requiring data management plans and open data, but researchers lack information on how to meet these requirements. Good data management should imply that our data can be accessed, understood, and reused by others. But achieving those goals involves solving some hairy problems. We thought that a good starting point would be to gain a better understanding of how people use data that they didn’t create. Collaborating with researchers in the actual process of data reuse could help identify key requirements in effective and meaningful data management.

Organizing collaboration on this scale with researchers often feels like “herding cats”. Collaboration takes hard work and trust, and involving data in collaboration requires patience, skills, methods and expectations that will hopefully become more mainstream. Everyone has other research, teaching and service commitments, and we know time is precious. We are grateful that so many researchers participated in this study, committing their hard-earned data, but also their creativity and thoughts on how to analyze these disparate datasets together. The success of this project was not a foregone conclusion and it really depended on the trust and commitment shown by this team!

For this project, everybody in our Anatolia bone study shared their raw datasets (mainly Excel spreadsheets). No individual dataset was a significant challenge on its own, but when viewed as a whole, the group of more than a dozen datasets was daunting in its complexity. Though the projects all recorded similar fields, recording styles varied greatly. The datasets took many hours of editing and alignment before they were ready for integrated analysis. When we met at a mid-project workshop in Kiel, Germany, we had to work through many different opinions on just what aspects of these data could be compared with confidence, and where methodological, sampling, and other factors made comparisons problematic. The details of this process can be found in a paper we published this summer in the International Journal of Digital Curation. The paper outlines our editorial process, including data cleaning and annotation steps that we performed to set the stage for analysis. It also discusses how these processes need to fit into larger systems of scholarly communications, including digital repositories, version control systems, and incentive structures.

As for the research paper in PLoS ONE… This is the part that comes after much “data wrangling” and discussion. Ben Arbuckle, of UNC Chapel Hill, spearheaded the data sharing effort, and his years of work building trust with this community was key to the project’s success. Project participants agreed to openly share their datasets in Open Context. The data came from archaeological sites in Turkey, spanning the Epipaleolithic through the Chalcolithic, with an aim to explore how integrated datasets can inform us about the spread of early domestic animals westward across Turkey. The project highlighted a complex regional picture in the spread of agriculture, with particularly notable differences between coasts and inland regions. The research outcomes were published this summer in PLoS ONE. This project is the first of its kind involving the large-scale, digital publication and integration of zooarchaeological datasets. We hope that this model for archaeological collaboration will encourage others to build on the datasets published in this project, therefore contributing more data to further inform this particular research question, as well as address new questions.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Egyptology Books and Articles in PDF Online

 [First posted in AWOL 19 December 2013, updated 30 September 2014]

Egyptology Books and Articles in PDF Online
University of Memphis logo
The world-wide-web is replete with links to Egyptological resources, and there are many pages of bibliography out there, of which the prime example is the Online Egyptological Bibliography. But as yet, none of the more systematic bibliographies are publishing links to the actual PDF files of books and articles which may be freely acquired online, although they may be collecting the URL references. This project attempts to go some way toward filling that gap.
Click here for the full list.
Notice: Bookmark this page, not the full list, as the file name may change.
The list uses standard Egyptological abbreviations for books and journals.
This project is a "work in progress", and is bound to contain errors and omissions. The document takes the form of one large HTML file with the data arranged by author; links to both the web page from which the file can be accessed and the PDF file for the document itself are given. Searching must be done using the Find function of your web browser. It may be possible to enhance this capability in the future, but much will depend on the reactions of internet users to this work.
The data has been collected and arranged by Andrea Middleton, Brooke Garcia, and Robyn Price, Graduate Assistants in the Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology, a unit of the Department of Art in the University of Memphis (Tennessee, USA). We have tried to seek out as many books and articles as possible on Egyptological subjects which are freely accessible to anyone without the need for privileged access. Thus we have searched sites such as the Internet Archive, the University of Heidelberg Library, the Oriental Institute, the Metropolitan Museum, the Giza Library, Ancient World Online (AWOL), and many more, as well as attempting to collect links noted in the pages of EEF (Egyptologists' Electronic Forum) News.
Sites which require institutional access or a password are not included—thus journals on JSTOR have not been indexed. Nor have papers available on www.academia.edu or  http://www.ifao.egnet.net/bifao/ (BIFAO) been included here. It is likely that some articles on JSTOR are duplicated elsewhere, and it is equally possible that some articles and books are available at more than one location. In the latter case, we have tried to give all the options.
Please report comments, errors, omissions, etc. to  nigel.strudwick @ memphis.edu. We hope this work is useful.

Nigel Strudwick
September 2014

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Some translations by Anthony Alcock from Syriac, Coptic and Arabic

Anthony Alcock has been busy on a number of texts, creating new translations.  He has kindly sent a number of these to me for upload here, although I think that they are also available on Academia.edu and perhaps on Alin Suciu’s blog also.

In each case he provides a useful introduction.

Here they are (all PDF):

  • Chronicle of Séert I – A rather important Syriac chronicle, written by a Nestorian writer in the 9-11th century.  A detailed study of the text by Philip Wood (Oxford, 2013) is accessible on open access (yes!!!) here.
  • Chronicle of Séert II – Part 2 of the same.
  • Preaching of Andrew – A fresh translation of one of the Christian Arabic apocrypha from Mount Sinai.
  • Sins1 – A Coptic text on the Sins of priests and monks, by ps.Athanasius.  An Arabic version also exists.  This is the first English version, so is very welcome.  The text is interesting because of the interaction with Islam, and may be one of the sources used by the Apocalypse of Samuel of Kalamoun.  However I wasn’t able to locate this text in either the Coptic Encyclopedia or Graf’s GCAL – does anyone know where it is?
  • Sins2 – Part 2 of the same.

It is profoundly useful to have this kind of material available in English and online, and our thanks to Dr Alcock.

Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

Historical Maps, Topography, Into Minecraft: QGIS

Building your Minecraft Topography(An earlier version of this uses Microdem, which is just a huge page in the butt. I re-wrote this using Qgis, for my hist3812a students)

If you are trying to recreate a world as recorded in a historical map, then modern topography isn’t what you want. Instead, you need to create a blank, flat world in Worldpainter, and then import your historical map as an overlay. In worldpainter, File >> New World. In the dialogue box, uncheck ‘circular world’. Tick of ‘flat’ under topography. Then, on the main icon ribbon, select the ‘picture frame’ icon (‘image overlay’). In the dialogue box, tick ‘image overlay’. Select your file. You might have to fiddle with the scale and the x, y offset to get it exactly positioned where you want. Watch the video mentioned below to see all this in action. Then you can paint the terrain type (including water), raise, lower the terrain accordingly, put down blocks to indicate buildings… Worldpainter is pretty powerful.

If you already have elevation data as greyscale .bmp or .tiff

  • Watch the video about using Worldpainter.
  • Skip ahead to where he imports the topographic data and then the historical map imagery and shows you how to paint this against your topography.
  • You should also google for Worldpainter tutorials.

If you have an ARCGIS shapefile

This was cooked up for me by Joel Rivard, one of our GIS & Map specialists in the Library. He writes,

  • Using QGIS: In the menu, go to Layer > Add Vector Layer. Find the point shapefile that has the elevation information.
  • Ensure that you select point in the file type.
  • In the menu, go to Raster > Interpolation.
  • Select “Field 3″ (this corresponds to the z or elevation field) for Interpolation attribute and click on “Add”.
  • Feel free to keep the rest as default and save the output file as an Image (bmp, jpg or any other raster)

If you need to get topographic data

In some situations, modern topography is just what you need.

  • Grab Shuttle Radar Topography Mission data for the area you are interested in (it downloads as a tiff.) To help you orient yourself, click off ‘toggle cities’ at the bottom of that page. You then click on the tile that contains the region your are interested in. This is a large piece of geography; we’ll trim in a moment.
  • Open QGIS
  • Go to Layer >> Add Raster Layer. Navigate to the location where your srtm download is located. You’re looking for the .tiff file. Select that file.

Add Raster Layer

  • You now have a grayscale image in your QGIS workspace, which might look like this

Straights of Hercules, Spain, Morocco

  • Now you need to crop this image to just the part that you are interested in. On the main menu ribbon, select Raster >> Extraction >> Clipper

Select Clipper Tool

  • In the dialogue box that opens, make sure that ‘Clipping Mode’ is set to ‘Extent’. With this dialogue box open, you can click and drag on the image to highlight the area you wish to crop to. The extent coordinates will fill in automatically.

  • Hit ‘Select…’ beside ‘Output File’. Give your new cropped image a useful name. Hit ‘Save’.

  • Nothing much will appear to happen – but on the main QGIS window, under ‘layers’ a new layer will be listed.


  • UNCHECK the original layer (which will have a name like srtm_36_05). Suddenly, only your cropped image is left on the screen. Use the magnifying glass with the plus sign (in the icons at the top of the window) to zoom so that your cropped image fills as much of the screen as possible.
  • Go to Project >> Save as image. Give it a useful name, and make sure to set ‘files of type’ to .bmp. You can now import the .bmp file to your Worldpainter file.

Importing your grayscale DEM to a Minecraft World

Video tutorial again – never mind the bit where he talks about getting the topographic data at the beginning

At this point, the easiest thing to do is to use WorldPainter. It’s free, but you can donate to its developers to help them maintain and update it. Now, the video shown above shows how to load your DEM image into WorldPainter. It parses the black-to-white pixel values and turns them into elevations. You have the option of setting where ‘sea level’ is on your map (so elevations below that point are covered with water). There are many, many options here; play with it! Adam Clarke, who made the video, suggests scaling up your image to 900%, but I’ve found that that makes absolutely monstrous worlds. You’ll have to play around to see what makes most sense for you, but with real-world data of any area larger than a few kilometres on a side, I think 100 to 200% is fine.

So: in Worldpainter – File >> Import >> Height map. In the dialogue box that opens, select your bmp file. You’ll probably need to reduce the vertical scale a bit. Play around.

Now, the crucial bit for us: you can import an image into WorldPainter to use as an overlay to guide the placement of blocks, terrain, buildings, whatever. So, again, rather than me simply regurgitating what Adam narrates, go watch the video. Save as a .world file for editing; export to Minecraft when you’re ready (be warned: big maps can take a very long time to render. That’s another reason why I don’t scale up the way Adam suggests).

Save your .world file regularly. EXPORT your minecraft world to the saves folder (the link shows where this can be found.

Go play.

Wait, what about the historical maps again?

The video covers it much better than I could here. Watch it, but skip ahead to the map overlay section. See the bit at the top of this post.

Ps. Here’s Vimy Ridge, site of a rather important battle in WW1 fought by the Canadian Army, imported into Minecraft this way:
Vimy Ridge in Minecraft

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ASOR Annual Meeting Programs

ASOR Annual Meeting Academic and Business Meetings Schedule

    Annual Meeting Academic and Business Meetings Schedules

    Past Annual Meetings

    2013: Baltimore, MD
      • 2013 Academic Program Schedule in PDF.
      • 2013 Business Meetings Schedule in HTML and PDF.
      • 2013 Schedule At-A-Glance in HTML and PDF.
    2012: Chicago, IL
      • 2012 Academic Program Schedule in PDF.
      • 2012 Business Meetings Schedule in PDF.
    2011: San Francisco, CA
      • 2011 Academic Program Schedule in PDF.
      • 2011 Business Meetings Schedule in PDF.
    2010: Atlanta, GA
      • 2010 Academic Program Schedule in PDF.
      • 2010 Business Meetings Schedule in PDF.
    2009: New Orleans, LA
    2008: Boston, MA
    2007: San Diego, CA
    2006: Washington, DC
    2005: Philadelphia, PA
    2004: San Antonio, TX
    2003: Atlanta, GA
    2002: Toronto, ON
    2001: Boulder, CO
    2000: Washington, DC (centennial celebration)
    2000: Nashville, TN
    1999: Cambridge, MA
    1998: Orlando, FL
    1997: Napa, CA

      Punk Archaeology: The Book

      Punk Archaeology: The Book
      ISBN-13: 978-0692281024 (The Digital Press at The University of North Dakota)
      ISBN-10: 0692281029
      Edited By
      William Caraher
      Kostis Kourelis
      Andrew Reinhard
      Download it here or here.
      Punk Archaeology is a irreverent and relevant movement in archaeology, and these papers provide a comprehensive anti-manifesto.

      This volume was made possible by a whole community of folks ranging from the relentless Andrew Reinhard who proofed this over and over and over again to Aaron Barth who put together the conference which produced these papers. The authors were great to work with except Richard Rothaus who insisted that we include his handwritten paper. (I kid, I kid). Support for the whole deal came from the Cyprus Research Fund, the Center for Heritage Renewal at North Dakota State University, and the North Dakota Humanities Council. Administrators at the University of North Dakota are to be commended for raising their eyebrows politely and ignoring what I was doing

      Mia Ridge (Open Objects)

      It's here! Crowdsourcing our Cultural Heritage is now available

      My edited volume, Crowdsourcing our Cultural Heritage, is now available! My introduction (Crowdsourcing our cultural heritage: Introduction), which provides an overview of the field and outlines the contribution of the 12 chapters, is online at Ashgate's site, along with the table of contents and index. There's a 10% discount if you order online.

      If you're in London on the evening of Thursday 20th November, we're celebrating with a book launch party at the UCL Centre for Digital Humanities. Register at http://crowdsourcingculturalheritage.eventbrite.co.uk.

      Here's the back page blurb: "Crowdsourcing, or asking the general public to help contribute to shared goals, is increasingly popular in memory institutions as a tool for digitising or computing vast amounts of data. This book brings together for the first time the collected wisdom of international leaders in the theory and practice of crowdsourcing in cultural heritage. It features eight accessible case studies of groundbreaking projects from leading cultural heritage and academic institutions, and four thought-provoking essays that reflect on the wider implications of this engagement for participants and on the institutions themselves.
      Crowdsourcing in cultural heritage is more than a framework for creating content: as a form of mutually beneficial engagement with the collections and research of museums, libraries, archives and academia, it benefits both audiences and institutions. However, successful crowdsourcing projects reflect a commitment to developing effective interface and technical designs. This book will help practitioners who wish to create their own crowdsourcing projects understand how other institutions devised the right combination of source material and the tasks for their ‘crowd’. The authors provide theoretically informed, actionable insights on crowdsourcing in cultural heritage, outlining the context in which their projects were created, the challenges and opportunities that informed decisions during implementation, and reflecting on the results.

      This book will be essential reading for information and cultural management professionals, students and researchers in universities, corporate, public or academic libraries, museums and archives."

      Massive thanks to the following authors of chapters for their intellectual generosity and their patience with up to five rounds of edits, plus proofing, indexing and more...

      1. Crowdsourcing in Brooklyn, Shelley Bernstein; 
      2. Old Weather: approaching collections from a different angle, Lucinda Blaser; 
      3. ‘Many hands make light work. Many hands together make merry work’: Transcribe Bentham and crowdsourcing manuscript collections, Tim Causer and Melissa Terras; 
      4. Build, analyse and generalise: community transcription of the Papers of the War Department and the development of Scripto, Sharon M. Leon; 
      5. What's on the menu?: crowdsourcing at the New York Public Library, Michael Lascarides and Ben Vershbow; 
      6. What’s Welsh for ‘crowdsourcing’? Citizen science and community engagement at the National Library of Wales, Lyn Lewis Dafis, Lorna M. Hughes and Rhian James; 
      7. Waisda?: making videos findable through crowdsourced annotations, Johan Oomen, Riste Gligorov and Michiel Hildebrand; 
      8. Your Paintings Tagger: crowdsourcing descriptive metadata for a national virtual collection, Kathryn Eccles and Andrew Greg.
      9. Crowdsourcing: Crowding out the archivist? Locating crowdsourcing within the broader landscape of participatory archives, Alexandra Eveleigh; 
      10.  How the crowd can surprise us: humanities crowdsourcing and the creation of knowledge, Stuart Dunn and Mark Hedges; 
      11. The role of open authority in a collaborative web, Lori Byrd Phillips; 
      12. Making crowdsourcing compatible with the missions and values of cultural heritage organisations, Trevor Owens. 

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Punk Archaeology: The Book

      I’m impatient. So, I decided to push the button and publish Punk Archaeology today. This is the first book published by The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota. We’re so punk that we don’t really have a webpage.

      That being said, we’re also so punk that we will release a book here for free.

      Download it here or here.

      I have one favor to ask. If this book is something that you think sounds cool, spread the word. Facebook it. Tweet it. Ello it. Tell everyone you know about it. Since this press has no budget, no staff, no offices (and you might suspect no editors…), I need my readers to serve as our marketing wing. Blow up the internet, please.

      PunkA cover 1


      Punk Archaeology is a irreverent and relevant movement in archaeology, and these papers provide a comprehensive anti-manifesto.


      This volume was made possible by a whole community of folks ranging from the relentless Andrew Reinhard who proofed this over and over and over again to Aaron Barth who put together the conference which produced these papers. The authors were great to work with except Richard Rothaus who insisted that we include his handwritten paper. (I kid, I kid). Support for the whole deal came from the Cyprus Research Fund, the Center for Heritage Renewal at North Dakota State University, the North Dakota Humanities Council, and the delicious beer makers at Laughing Sun Brewing in Bismarck. Administrators at the University of North Dakota are to be commended for raising their eyebrows politely and ignoring what I was doing.

      This book would not have been possible without the efforts of Joel Jonientz who did the cover design and layout. I wish he was around to see the results. The book is dedicated to him.


      Other Details:

      The print copy should be ready to go by the end of the week and available at Amazon. I’ll post a link to that. It should cost around $30.00, but look like a million bucks. Make sure to order copies for friends and families as well as university libraries and private collections.

      Here are links to the papers being read at the conference on Soundcloud thanks to Tim Pasch, Chad Bushy, and Caleb Hulthusen for recording the event:



      And listen to Andrew Reinhard’s soundtrack here:


      Here’s the book, folks:


      The Signal: Digital Preservation

      QCTools: Open Source Toolset to Bring Quality Control for Video within Reach

      In this interview, part of the Insights Interview series, FADGI talks with Dave Rice and Devon Landes about the QCTools project.

      In a previous blog post, I interviewed Hannah Frost and Jenny Brice about the AV Artifact Atlas, one of the components of Quality Control Tools for Video Preservation, an NEH-funded project which seeks to design and make available community oriented products to reduce the time and effort it takes to perform high-quality video preservation. The less “eyes on” time it takes to do QC work, the more time can be redirected towards quality control and assessment of video on the digitized content most deserving of attention.


      QCTools’ Devon Landes

      In this blog post, I interview archivists and software developers Dave Rice and Devon Landes about the latest release version of the QCTools, an open source software toolset to facilitate accurate and efficient assessment of media integrity throughout the archival digitization process.

      Kate:  How did the QCTools project come about?

      Devon:  There was a recognized need for accessible & affordable tools out there to help archivists, curators, preservationists, etc. in this space. As you mention above, manual quality control work is extremely labor and resource intensive but a necessary part of the preservation process. While there are tools out there, they tend to be geared toward (and priced for) the broadcast television industry, making them out of reach for most non-profit organizations. Additionally, quality control work requires a certain skill set and expertise. Our aim was twofold: to build a tool that was free/open source, but also one that could be used by specialists and non-specialists alike.


      QCTools’ Dave Rice

      Dave:  Over the last few years a lot of building blocks for this project were coming in place. Bay Area Video Coalition had been researching and gathering samples of digitization issues through the A/V Artifact Atlas project and meanwhile FFmpeg had made substantial developments in their audiovisual filtering library. Additionally, open source technology for archival and preservation applications has been finding more development, application, and funding. Lastly, the urgency related to the obsolescence issues surrounding analog video and lower costs for digital video management meant that more organizations were starting their own preservation projects for analog video and creating a greater need for an open source response to quality control issues. In 2013, the National Endowment for the Humanities awarded BAVC with a Preservation and Access Research and Development grant to develop QCTools.

      Kate: Tell us what’s new in this release. Are you pretty much sticking to the plan or have you made adjustments based on user feedback that you didn’t foresee? How has the pilot testing influenced the products?


      QCTools provides many playback filters. Here the left window shows a frame with the two fields presented separately (revealing the lack of chroma data in field 2). The right window here shows the V plane of the video per field to show what data the deck is providing.

      Devon:  The users’ perspective is really important to us and being responsive to their feedback is something we’ve tried to prioritize. We’ve had several user-focused training sessions and workshops which have helped guide and inform our development process. Certain processing filters were added or removed in response to user feedback; obviously UI and navigability issues were informed by our testers. We’ve also established a GitHub issue tracker to capture user feedback which has been pretty active since the latest release and has been really illuminating in terms of what people are finding useful or problematic, etc.

      The newest release has quite a few optimizations to improve speed and responsiveness, some additional playback & viewing options, better documentation and support for the creation of an xml-format report.

      Dave:  The most substantial example of going ‘off plan’ was the incorporation of video playback. Initially the grant application focused on QCTools as a purely analytical tool which would assess and present quantifications of video metrics via graphs and data visualization. Initial work delved deeply into identifying methodology to use to pick out the right metrics to find what could be unnatural to digitized analog video (such as pixels too dissimilar from their temporal neighbors, or the near-exact repetition of pixel rows, or discrepancies in the rate of change over time between the two video fields). When presenting the earliest prototypes of QCTools to users a recurring question was “How can I see the video?” We redesigned the project so that QCTools would present the video alongside the metrics along with various scopes, meters and visual tools so that now it has a visual and an analytic side.

      Kate:   I love that the Project Scope for QCTools quotes both the Library of Congress’s Sustainability of Digital Formats and the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative as influential resources which encourage best practices and standards in audiovisual digitization of analog material for users. I might be more than a little biased but I agree completely. Tell me about some of the other resources and communities that you and the rest of the project team are looking at.


      Here the QCTools vectorscope shows a burst of illegal color values. With the QCTools display of plotted graphs this corresponds to a spike in the maximum saturation (SATMAX).

      Devon: Bay Area Video Coalition connected us with a group of testers from various backgrounds and professional environments so we’ve been able to tap into a pretty varied community in that sense. Also, their A/V Artifact Atlas has also been an important resource for us and was really the starting point from which QCTools was born.

      Dave:  This project would not at all be feasible without the existing work of FFmpeg. QCTools utilizes FFmpeg for all decoding, playback, metadata expression and visual analytics. The QCTools data format is an expression of FFmpeg’s ffprobe schema, which appeared to be one of the only audiovisual file format standards that could efficiently store masses of frame-based metadata.

      Kate:   What are the plans for training and documentation on how to use the product(s)?

      Devon:  We want the documentation to speak to a wide range of backgrounds and expertise, but it is a challenge to do that and as such it is an ongoing process. We had a really helpful session during one of our tester retreats where users directly and collaboratively made comments and suggestions to the documentation; because of the breadth of their experience it really helped to illuminate gaps and areas for improvement on our end. We hope to continue that kind of engagement with users and also offer them a place to interact more directly with each other via a discussion page or wiki. We’ve also talked about the possibility of recording some training videos and hope to better incorporate the A/V Artifact Atlas as a source of reference in the next release.

      Kate:   What’s next for QCTools?

      Dave:   We’re presenting the next release of QCTools at the Association of Moving Image Archivists Annual Meeting on October 9th for which we anticipate supporting better summarization of digitization issues per file in a comparative manner. After AMIA, we’ll focus on audio and the incorporation of audio metrics via FFmpeg’s EBUr128 filter. QCTools has been integrated into workflows at BAVC, Dance Heritage Coalition, MOMA, Anthology Film Archives and Die Osterreichische Mediathek so the QCTools issue tracker has been filling up with suggestions which we’ll be tackling in the upcoming months.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Wilkinson Egyptology Series Online

      Wilkinson Egyptology Series
      Founded in 2013, the Wilkinson Egyptology Series is a peer-reviewed imprint of the UAEE. The series is open to proposals from all scholars in the field of Egyptology for publication of monographs, comprehensive site reports, conference proceedings, and other edited works. The goal of the Series is to assist scholars in bringing high-quality work to print quickly, through a review process akin to those of most major journals. After a period of not more than five years, each volume will be made available online, free of charge. The series is named after and designed to reflect Richard H. Wilkinson's prolific academic career: producing only the highest quality work in a timely manner. Contributions to the UAEE in honor of Professor Wilkinson will be marked to support the Series specifically, and can be made here.

      Archaeological Research in the Valley of the Kings and Ancient Thebes: Papers Presented in Honor of Richard H. Wilkinson (2013)

      Wilkinson Egyptology Series I

      In August 2013, the UAEE published Archaeological Research in the Valley of the Kings and Ancient Thebes: Papers Presented in Honor of Richard H. Wilkinson, edited by P.P. Creasman. At nearly 400 pages and including 125+ color illustrations, this work is composed of two dozen chapters by leading scholars from around the world. A great variety of new discoveries and current research are presented, covering topics as diverse as ancient tomb robbery to historic love letters.
      To purchase your copy & support the UAEE , click here.

      The Temple of Tausret (2011)

      The UAEE's current project is the excavation, conservation, and publication of the remains of the memorial temple of Tausert, the 19th Dynasty queen who ruled as a king c. 1190 B.C.E.
      You can read all about the work in The Temple of Tausret (2011, UAEE), ed. R.H. Wilkinson. All proceeds from this volume's sale go to the UAEE!
      To purchase your copy & support the UAEE , click here.

      Also, you can learn virtually all there is to know about the Pharaoh-Queen Tausret in Tausret: Forgotten Queen and Pharaoh of Egypt (2012, Oxford), ed. R.H. Wilkinson, which can also be purchased from Amazon, here: http://tinyurl.com/7d5h8ww or, get it as a Kindle eBook: http://tinyurl.com/72ya7xn

      Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs  (1995)

      The papers from the International Conference on the Valley of the Kings conducted by the Egyptian Expedition were published as Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs (Tucson, 1995).
      The volume is printed as a library quality laminated paperback (ISBN 0-9649958), 165 pp. with over 90 photographs, figures, maps and charts.
      A limited number of copies of this volume are available for purchase from the UAEE.
      Please contact: UAEE@egypt.arizona.edu

      Jason Heppler (History in the Digital)

      Week 2: Digital Archives and Libraries

      Steve Jobs note

      Silicon Valley Archives

      The Mother of All Demos

      Douglas Engelbart’s demonstration of windows, hypertext, graphics, the computer mouse, revision control, and video.

      DeadDotCom Archive

      Leslie Berlin’s “Joker” Article

      Here’s the text of Leslie Berlin’s Bloomberg article (cited here on the Steve Jobs “Joker” document:

      In June 1976, Steve Jobs went looking for someone to print the manual for the Apple I computer, the first product from the company he had started with Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne a few months earlier. Jobs’s friend Regis McKenna, head of Silicon Valley’s premier advertising and public relations firm, suggested he contact Mike Rose, who ran a small advertising agency in Los Altos. After speaking with Jobs on the phone, Rose was leery. He wrote a short note to his business partner, warning him that young Mr. Jobs would be in touch. That note, which Mike Rose donated to the Silicon Valley Archives at Stanford in 1998, is reproduced below. “They are 2 guys – they build kits – operate out of a garage,” Rose wrote. “Sounds flakey. Watch it!”

      The note is wonderful in part because it reveals how much Silicon Valley has changed in 35 years. In 1976, two guys trying to launch a tech company from a garage in the heart of Silicon Valley were flakes. Now, someone in Mike Rose’s position might well ask for a piece of the action – payment in the form of a small bit of stock, perhaps?

      The note also shows us that in some ways, the twenty-one-year-old Steve Jobs was not too different from the man he later became. Jobs may have struck Rose as a “joker,” but the young entrepreneur is concerned about secrecy (“Wouldn’t trust me,” Rose writes) and drives a hard bargain (“wants it for nothing”).

      In the end, Jobs rejected Rose’s bid as too high and went on to have a typesetter handle production of the Apple I manual. That manual, too, shows how much has changed in thirty-five years. On the cover, the company was called Apple Computer, not Apple. The logo was not the famous fruit with a missing bite, but an elaborate illustration, drawn by Ron Wayne, depicting Isaac Newton reading a book – reading a book! – beneath an apple tree. [A quote from Wordsworth encircles the drawing: “A mind forever voyaging through strange seas of thought – alone.”] And the product described in the manual’s twelve pages, while advanced for its day, is far from the elegant, user-friendly device associated with Apple today. The manual includes schematics and instructions for a test to run upon starting the machine: Step Two: “Type- 0 : A9 b 0 b AA b 20 b EF b EF b FF b E8 b 8A b 4C b 2 b 0 (RET)”. And then there is the description of the computer itself: “The Apple Computer is fully assembled, tested, and burned in. The only external devices necessary for operation of the system are: An ASCII encoded keyboard, a video display monitor, and AC power sources of 8 to 10 Volts (RMS) @ 3 amps and 28 Volts (RMS) @ 1 amp.”

      Silicon Valley’s Spatial History

      Valley of the Shadow

      xkcd Heat Map

      September 29, 2014

      Source: Journalism Code, Context & Community

      Event Roundup, Sept 29

      By Erika Owens

      Event Roundup, Sept 29

      AbreLatAm is this week and three Knight-Mozilla Fellows are there to teach and hack.


      Know of any upcoming fellowship or conference proposal deadlines? Have an upcoming event? Let us know: source@mozillafoundation.org.

      The Signal: Digital Preservation

      Beyond Us and Them: Designing Storage Architectures for Digital Collections 2014

      The following post was authored by Erin Engle, Michelle Gallinger, Butch Lazorchak, Jane Mandelbaum and Trevor Owens from the Library of Congress.

      The Library of Congress held the 10th annual Designing Storage Architectures for Digital Collections meeting September 22-23, 2014. This meeting is an annual opportunity for invited technical industry experts, IT  professionals, digital collections and strategic planning staff and digital preservation practitioners to discuss the challenges of digital storage and to help inform decision-making in the future. Participants come from a variety of government agencies, cultural heritage institutions and academic and research organizations.

      The DSA Meeting. Photo credit: Peter Krogh/DAM Useful Publishing.

      The DSA Meeting. Photo credit: Peter Krogh/DAM Useful Publishing.

      Throughout the two days of the meeting the speakers took the participants back in time and then forward again. The meeting kicked-off with a review of the origins of the DSA meeting. It started ten years ago with a gathering of Library of Congress and external experts who discussed requirements for digital storage architectures for the Library’s Packard Campus of the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center. Now, ten years later, the speakers included representatives from Facebook and Amazon Web Services, both of which manage significant amounts of content and neither of which existed in 2004 when the DSA meeting started.

      The theme of time passing continued with presentations by strategic technical experts from the storage industry who began with an overview of the capacity and cost trends in storage media over the past years. Two of the storage media being tracked weren’t on anyone’s radar in 2004, but loom large for the future – flash memory and Blu-ray disks. Moving from the past quickly to the future, the experts then offered predictions, with the caveat that predictions beyond a few years are predictably unpredictable in the storage world.

      Another facet of time – “back to the future” – came up in a series of discussions on the emergence of object storage in up-and-coming hardware and software products.  With object storage, hardware and software can deal with data objects (like files), rather than physical blocks of data.  This is a concept familiar to those in the digital curation world, and it turns out that it was also familiar to long-time experts in the computer architecture world, because the original design for this was done ten years ago. Here are some of the key meeting presentations on object storage:

      Several speakers talked about the impact of the passage of time on existing digital storage collections in their institutions and the need to perform migrations of content from one set of hardware or software to another as time passes.  The lessons of this were made particularly vivid by one speaker’s analogy, which compared the process to the travails of someone trying to manage the physical contents of a car over one’s lifetime.

      Even more vivid was the “Cost of Inaction” calculator, which provides black-and-white evidence of the costs of not preserving analog media over time, starting with the undeniable fact that you have to start with an actual date in the future for the “doomsday” when all your analog media will be unreadable.

      The DSA Meeting. Photo Credit: Trevor Owens

      The DSA Meeting. Photo Credit: Trevor Owens

      Several persistent time-related themes engaged the participants in lively interactive discussions during the meeting.  One topic was the practical methods for checking the data integrity of content  in digital collections.  This concept, called fixity, has been a common topic of interest in the digital preservation community. Similarly, a thread of discussion on predicting and dealing with failure and data loss over time touched on a number of interesting concepts, including “anti-entropy,” a type of computer “gossip” protocol designed to query, detect and correct damaged distributed digital files. Participants agreed it would be useful to find a practical approach to identifying and quantifying types of failures.  Are the failures relatively regular but small enough that the content can be reconstructed? Or are the data failures highly irregular but catastrophic in nature?

      Another common theme that arose is how to test and predict the lifetime of storage media.  For example, how would one test the lifetime of media projected to last 1000 years without having a time-travel machine available?  Participants agreed to continue the discussions of these themes over the next year with the goal of developing practical requirements for communication with storage and service providers.

      The meeting closed with presentations from vendors working on the cutting edge of new archival media technologies.  One speaker dealt with questions about the lifetime of media by serenading the group with accompaniment from a 32-year-old audio CD copy of Pink Floyd’s “Dark Side of the Moon.” The song “Us and Them” underscored how the DSA meeting strives to bridge the boundaries placed between IT conceptions of storage systems and architectures and the practices, perspectives and values of storage and preservation in the cultural heritage sector. The song playing back from three decade old media on a contemporary device was a fitting symbol of the objectives of the meeting.

      Background reading (PDF) was circulated prior to the meeting and the meeting agenda and copies of the presentations are available at http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/meetings/storage14.html.

      Center for History and New Media

      IMLS funds Opening Omeka for Close and Distant Reading

      RRCHNM is pleased to announce that it has been awarded a National Leadership Grant for Libraries from the Institute of Museum and Library Services to fund Opening Omeka for Close and Distant Reading [LG-05-14-00125-14].

      Over the course of the two decades since the invention of the web browser, the world’s libraries have provided digital access to a torrent of cultural heritage materials. For many libraries and special collections, Omeka has been the route to providing this kind of unprecedented public access to their holdings. While access to digitized materials is better than ever, average users do not have adequate tools to help them gain intellectual control over these materials—up close and at scale.

      Libraries and archives with diverse collections need a new set of easy-to-use tools to enable visitors to engage in both distant and close reading, without requiring users to have knowledge of sophisticated programming languages. In some collections, an individual item may appear trivial and anecdotal. But, examining all items as a coherent corpus holds the promise of surfacing larger insights by evaluating large bodies of text in the aggregate. While some researchers interested in examining large-scale collections, researchers often also need to closely examine individual elements. This practice requires another set of tools, operating where the collections live, so that once the relevant sources have been identified and isolated, they are available for focused explication by a knowledgeable hand by highlighting, isolating, and annotating important elements within particular digital objects.

      Opening Omeka for Distant and Close Reading (Oct. 2014-Sept. 2017) will produce four plugins for Omeka that will facilitate both the computational analysis of large collections of materials and their metadata, and the close reading and annotation of individual digitized sources:

      Distant Reading

      • A word frequency plugin that will allow site creators and authorized users to offer a quantitative snapshot of an Omeka collection or another grouping of items
      • An n-gram plugin that will allow site creators and authorized users to chart the usage of words in document transcription in relationship to some other metadata variable, such as date or coverage

      Close Reading

      • An annotation plugin that will allow site creators and guest users to add targeted commentary to image files, making aspects of their close reading visible
      • An annotation plugin that will allow site creators and guest users to add targeted commentary to text/transcription content

      In the effort to support the adoption and use of these tools by content experts who work with existing Omeka collections, or who plan to build research collections in the future, RRCHNM will produce a series of step-by-step case studies and usages guides for each plugin, using the September 11 Digital Archive as the seedbed for these case studies, we will clearly demonstrate the benefits of using the tools to develop and communicate new insights about large-scale digital cultural heritage collections. Together with instructional guides and research case studies, these tools will help encourage enthusiastic and reluctant scholars alike to explore digital archives, which will lead them to ask new types of research questions and explore topics previously out of their grasp.

      AMIR: Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources

      Open Access Report: “Delivering Democracy”


      “Delivering Democracy” 5th CIHRS’ annual report on the human rights situation in the Arab world

      Publisher: Cairo : Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, 2012

      Open Access Report: The Lawless Zone


      The Lawless Zone report : the transfer of policing and security to the Civilian Security Coordinators in the settlements and outposts.
      Published: Tel Aviv : Yesh Din, 2014
      Description: 54 p. : col. ill. ; 24 cm.

      See other publications by Yesh Din: 

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Ancient World Open Bibliographies

      [First posted in AWOL 18 October 2010, updated 29 September 2014]

      Ancient World Open Bibliographies
      Scholarly Bibliographies Available Online An annotated list, organized by subject.
      Zotero Group Library for Ancient World Open Bibliographies

      This project is supervised by Phoebe Acheson of the blog (Becoming a) Classics Librarian and Chuck Jones, the Tombros Librarian for Classics and Humanities at Penn State University and the blog AWOL - The Ancient World Online

      There is a companion blog at http://ancientbiblio.wordpress.com/
      All materials hosted at this site should be considered covered by a Creative Commons Open license: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
      Controlled Vocabulary and Subject Headings may become useful as the project grows. At the page linked I have begun to collect resources that may be useful in guiding the development of these.

      You can support the AWOB Project by:

      • Creating content
      • Linking to content
      • Improving existing content

      To Create a New Bibliography Page Hosted at the Wiki

      • Create a link to a new page using double square brackets - what's inside the brackets will be the title of the new page:
        • Sample New Page To see what that looks like, click on "edit" for this page and look at the wiki markup.
      • Go to that new page and start adding content!

      Suggestions for New Bibliographies

      • Use annotations. They add scholarly value!
      • Include links to WorldCat records for books, and include links to reviews, especially open-access ones (BMCR, AJA, etc.).
      • Include DOI links for articles, if possible, or other stable urls.
      • Arrange the bibliography using sections, for ease of navigation.

      Learn How to Edit a Wiki

      Ancient World Open Bibliographies

      Bibliographies: Coptic Studies

      The following have been added to the Zotero Group for Ancient World Open Bibliographies and the Ancient World Open Bibliographies Wiki.

      Coptic Studies

      First Millennium Bibliography [for Coptic Studies]
      Heike Belmer, Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, University of Gottingen.
      Updated 13 December 2011.
      “An overview of Egyptian history and culture in the First Millennium CE.” This bibliography is not intended to be comprehensive, but to give a general orientation to the topic.

      Selected Bibliography of the Coptic Language
      Heike Belmer, Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, University of Gottingen.
      Updated 13 December 2011.
      “A bibliography of the Coptic language with a focus on the Sahidic dialect.”

      Bibliography on Coptic Dialects
      Heike Belmer, Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, University of Gottingen.
      Updated 13 December 2011.
      “A bibliography of the other regional forms of the Coptic language excluding Sahidic Coptic.”

      Coptic Art and Archaeology Bibliography
      Heike Belmer, Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, University of Gottingen.
      Updated 13 December 2011.
      “A bibliography of Coptic Art and Archaeology.”

      Coptic Funerary Stelae and Inscriptions Bibliography
      Heike Belmer, Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, University of Gottingen.
      Updated 13 December 2011.
      “A bibliography of Funerary Stelae written in Coptic.”

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Opening up Classics and the Humanities: Computation, the Homer Multitext Project and Citizen Science

      Opening up Classics and the Humanities: Computation, the Homer Multitext Project and Citizen Science 
      Gregory Crane
      University of Leipzig, Department of Computer Science
      Tufts University, Department of Classics September 2014  
      Abstract: Increasingly powerful computational methods are important for humanists not simply because they make it possible to ask new research questions but especially because computation makes it both possible -- and arguably essential -- to transform the relationship between humanities research and society, opening up a range of possibilities for student contributions and citizen science. To illustrate this point, this paper looks at the transformative work conducted by the Homer Multitext Project (http://homermultitext.blogspot.de/; http://www.homermultitext.org/).

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      The First North Dakota Oil Boom

      The first North Dakota oil boom occurred at a difficult time in the history of the state. The boom raged from 1951 to 1960 so it appeared only briefly in the last few chapters of the Robinson’s History of North Dakota published in 1966. Of course, he had no way of knowing the subsequent impact of the discovery of oil on the history state, and, indeed, an honest historian today would be challenged to understand how and whether the most recent Bakken Boom will have a lasting impact on the state’s history. Moreover, the oil boom did not make an appearance in his wide ranging memoirs about his time at the University of North Dakota suggesting perhaps that boom did not dominate the headlines in the eastern part of the state during the 1950s.  

      At the same time, Prof. Robinson did supervise an M.A. thesis in 1962 by Dominic Schaff titled “The History of the North Dakota Oil Industry.” I had the pleasure of reading his thesis this weekend and recommend it to anyone interested in the first decade of oil production in the state.

      Here are some quick thoughts:

      1. Schaff was a student of Robinson. Among the most telling aspects of Schaff’s work was his commitment to Robinson’s basic historiographic perspective on North Dakota summarized in Robinson’s famous “Themes of North Dakota History.” Schaff, for example, embraced the remoteness of the North Dakota and discussed at length how the logistics of shipping oil to market limited the opportunities for even the most well-funded companies involved in extractive industries. The construction of the Mandan refinery and the crude pipeline from Tioga to Mandan (and the refined oil pipeline from Mandan to Moorhead, MN) improved this situation to some extent, but the limited capacity of the Mandan refinery and the limited reach of the pipeline into the rapidly expanding oil field ensured that a substantial investment to move North Dakota crude and high prices on the global market.

      Schaff makes brief mention of the workforce housing challenges associated with boom noting that, in Tioga, men were living in chicken coops and grain silos. He noted that Watford City schools, social services, roads, and housing stock also felt the crunch. These social challenges, however, formed an afterthought to Schaff’s predominantly technical and corporate discussion of the boom.  

      2. Geography and Topography. As I work away on my Tourist Guide to the Bakken, I’ve begun to think a bit how to describe a productive landscape that is largely underground. Schaff’s thesis, as well as the work of other scholars, have helped me to understand the geography and geology of the Bakken counties better. I now think that any guide to Bakken would be incomplete without a discussion of such key geological features as the Nesson Anticline which runs in a north-south line south of Tioga, across the Missouri, and into McKenzie county. This formation attracted the attention of the first major investors in the North Dakota oil fields in the late 1920s and 1930s and saw several deep, exploratory wells. The first productive wells in the Bakken, like the No. 1 Clarence Iverson Well drilled by Amerada (which became Hess) near Tioga was into this formation.

      On our trip out to the Bakken next week, I hope to be able to identify some of these formations visually so that a knowledgable traveler can at least see the surface manifestations of the  productive landscapes below the ground. 

      3. Historical Markers and the Bakken Boom. As the first Bakken Boom of the 1950s is over 50 years old, historians naturally turn to thinking how to commemorate and mark this history in the landscape. The first wells and pumps that drew oil from thousands of feet below the surface are long gone, but it is nevertheless marked by a granite historical marker.  The gently rolling hills dotted with more recent wells and crops are hardly characteristic of tourist areas. At the same time, there is a global recognition of the challenges facing the communities, environment, and workforce in the Bakken. History and historical awareness provides one approach to mediating between global and local communities. Finding a way to mark the Bakken landscape with the evidence for the past oil booms embeds contemporary experience in a historic place. In particular, it recognizes that the landscape of western North Dakota has long been a place of booms and busts and its seeming isolation belies deep connections with global markets. The oil boom – as much as periods of agricultural prosperity – located the places and communities of Williams and McKenzie counties within a global context.

      Would it be possible to prepare a North Dakota oil field for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places?    

      For some information on the early days of oil exploration in the state, check out Clarence Herz recent North Dakota State University M.A. thesis and John Bluemle’s The 50th Anniversary of the Discovery of Oil in North Dakota (NDGS 2001).

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Kentron

      [First posted in AWOL 1 January 2011. Updated 29 September 2014]

      ISSN : 0765-0590
      Revue publiée sous la direction de Pierre Sineux. Fondée en 1985 par François Hinard (†), éditée d’abord de manière assez artisanale, Kentron est depuis 2000 publiée par les Presses universitaires de Caen et riche de plus de vingt années d’expérience. Bernard Deforge et Jacquy Chemouni ont dirigé la revue à partir de 1994. En 2008, Pierre Sineux, professeur d’histoire grecque à l’université de Caen Basse-Normandie, a pris le relais, en renouvelant complètement le Conseil scientifique et en dotant la revue d’un Comité de lecture, tout en conservant ce qui faisait, depuis le début, l’originalité de la revue: la volonté de faire dialoguer des disciplines différentes et d’enrichir l’étude de l’Antiquité en croisant les modes d’approche et en multipliant les perspectives. C’est pourquoi aujourd’hui Kentron, revue pluridisciplinaire du monde antique, ouvre ses pages aux littéraires, philosophes, linguistes, historiens et archéologues. Elle accueille des contributions en langue étrangère (anglais, allemand, espagnol, italien). Chaque volume est constitué désormais d’un dossier thématique, de varia et de comptes rendus.

      L’archive de la revue Kentron propose, au format Pdf, la totalité des articles publiés dans la revue depuis l’année 1994 (vol. 10, fasc. 1) à l’exception des deux dernières années diffusées exclusivement sous forme de volumes imprimés.

      Kentron 27, 2011

      Kentron 26, 2010

      Kentron 25, 2009

      Kentron 24, 2008

      Kentron 23, 2007

      Kentron 22, 2006

      Kentron 21, 2005

      Kentron 20, 1-2, 2004

      Kentron 19, 1-2, 2003

      Kentron 18, 1-2, 2002

      Kentron 17, 2, 2001

      Kentron 17, 1, 2001

      Kentron 16, 1-2, 2000

      Kentron 15, 2, 1999

      Kentron 15, 1, 1999

      Kentron 14, 1-2, 1998

      Kentron 13, 1-2, 1997

      Kentron 12, 2, 1996

      Kentron 11, 2 (1995) et 12, 1 (1996)

      Kentron 11, 1, 1995

      Kentron 10, 2, 1994

      Kentron 10, 1, 1994

      ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

      Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-Witchcraft Rituals

      Tzvi-AbuschBy: Tzvi Abusch, Brandeis University
      Annual Professor

      I was in residence at the Albright Institute in Jerusalem from January – … Read more

      Pelagios: Enable Linked Ancient Geodata In Open Systems

      Taking to the high seas: introducing Pelagios phase 4

      This month sees the start of another new and exciting phase of Pelagios. With funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council's Digital Transformations programme, we will be exploring the transformative potential of our linked open data network for doing research. In short our brief is to address the question, "ok, now we can link stuff online—so what?"

      In response to the challenge posed by "data silos" (the mass of independently produced material uploaded onto the Web), since 2011 we have been developing the means of linking online resources via their common references to place. This has involved "annotating" the place names found in documents and aligning those references to a global gazetteer service (for the ancient world, this is Pleiades). Using Pleiades's Uniform Resource Identifiers (or "social security numbers") for each ancient place as our glue, it is now possible to agree that places mentioned in different materials are one and the same (e.g. Classical Athens and not "Athens, Georgia"). Users are now able to move seamlessly between and search the records of a growing list of international partners.

      Thus each place annotation made in the document doesn’t just attach useful spatial information to a resource; it also provides a way of linking to other resources. But, as Andrew Prescott, leader of the AHRC’s Digital Transformations strand, has recently written: 'Scholarship is much harder than [the ability to link]: we need to be clear about why we are linking data, what sort of data we are linking, and our aim in doing so'. Our one-year grant from the AHRC looks to unlock the potential of our place network to reveal previously unknown connections between different places and different documents (texts, databases, maps, etc.).

      In particular what we want to do is to use these new links between different documents to rethink key periods in the history of cartography. Until now digital resources have largely concerned issues of accuracy and visualization; i.e. to pinpoint the locations of ancient places with respect to our contemporary topography. What we want to do, rather, is to try to reconstruct and interpret the markedly different ways in which pre-modern authors and mapmakers conceptualized the world. Turning the spotlight on to five moments in time, Pelagios 4 will explore how ancient or pre-modern authors used various means to grasp, represent and communicate spatial knowledge of the world around them.

      To conduct this research Pelagios is happy to announce the following scholarly collaborators:

      • Pascal Arnaud, Professor of History at Université Lyon 2 and senior member of the Institut universitaire de France (IUF), is the leading specialist in ancient geography and navigation.
      • Tony Campbell is former head of the British Library’s ‘Map Room’ and the pre-eminent expert on Portolan Charts.
      • Marianne O'Doherty, Lecturer in English at the University of Southampton, has published on medieval European travel narratives, geography and cartography.
      • Klaus Geus, Chair of Ancient Geography at FU Berlin, co-ordinates the TOPOI Excellence Cluster in ‘Common Sense Geography’. He is joined by Irina Tupikova, a leading mathematical astronomer with an interest in the history of science.

      We look forward to working with these scholars and rethinking the ways in which geographic space was imagined and represented before the advent of modern Cartesian cartography.

      Portolan chart by Jorge de Aguiar (1492), the oldest known
      signed and dated chart of Portuguese origin.

      Citation: "Jorge Aguiar 1492 MR" by Jorge de Aguiar - Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Yale, New Haven, USA. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

      Digital Humanities at Dickinson College

      Mellon DH Fund supports ongoing Digitization Efforts of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School Project

      Directed by Jim Gerencser, Dickinson College Archivist, Susan Rose, Professor of Sociology, and Malinda Triller Doran, Special Collections Librarian, the Carlisle Indian Industrial School Project is developing a comprehensive digital resource to catalog and preserve records of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879-1918). It brings together widely dispersed archival materials to aid research and study, and serves as a virtual home for an active CIIS community of memory and inquiry. Launched in 2013, this exciting, new project at Dickinson College is already making a positive impact upon the communities of scholars and family historians who do research on the Carlisle Indian Industrial School and its many thousands of students.


      With support from the Mellon Digital Humanities Fund last January, the project was able to hire two new undergraduate researchers, Katie Walters and Tessa Cicak, who spent two weeks at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. scanning materials from the student files series of CIIS records. Along with Caitlin Moriarty (Friends of the Library), they scanned 1560 student files during that time, comprising roughly 16,200 pages of text. Gerencser also spent several days at the National Archives, surveying the contents of other document series and scanning 5 boxes of student id cards. Back in Carlisle, undergraduate interns Michele Metcalf, Stephanie Read, and Frank Vitale continued to add processed, finalized student files to the online database, while correcting and updating student files that had been uploaded in summer 2013. Through the technology consultancy services of Don Sailer, also funded by the Mellon grant, new search features, an updated home page, and enhanced content entry standards were also added to the project’s website, along with a blog to provide regular updates on the project’s progress.


      As of that time, Gerencser and his team had scanned 3556 student files, of which 667 files were online, edited, and fully updated; 628 were online, with editing/ updating of descriptive content needed; and 288 were processed and ready to be put online. Of the 15 boxes of student card files in D.C., 5 had been fully scanned and processed, comprising roughly 1950 cards. Large sections of CIIS registers and record books were also transcribed, edited, and ready to be put online.


      The Carlisle Indian Industrial School Project was featured that month in an article for Indian Country Today, “Carlisle Indian Industrial School Files Go Digital,” and most recently was the subject of an ABC27 news story, “Digital records unearth Indian school history.”

      For more information on the Carlisle Indian Industrial School Project, you can contact Jim Gerencser by email here.

      Perseus Digital Library Updates

      Opening up Classics and the Humanities: Computation, the Homer Multitext Project and Citizen Science

      This paper is based upon discussions, especially with Manfred Thaller, at the 2014 Schloss Dagstuhl Seminar on Computational Humanities.

      Abstract: Increasingly powerful computational methods are important for humanists not simply because they make it possible to ask new research questions but especially because computation makes it both possible — and arguably essential — to transform the relationship between humanities research and society, opening up a range of possibilities for student contributions and citizen science. To illustrate this point, this paper looks at the transformative work conducted by the Homer Multitext Project (see in particular its blog).

      The full text is available here.

      Gregory Crane
      Universität Leipzig
      September 29, 2014

      Katy Meyers (Bones Don't Lie)

      Bones Don’t Lie is Getting Married and Other Morbid Wedding Thoughts

      I am going to be taking the next week off from blogging because I’m getting married on October 4th! I’ll be back with normal posting on October 7th. No, I am […]

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Internet Archaeology is now fully Open Access

      Internet Archaeology is now fully Open Access
      As of today, Internet Archaeology is an open access journal. We've concluded our hybrid phase and will no longer charge a subscription for access to any of our past and future content.
      Several things have spurred this decision. Over the last 4 years, we have made active efforts in this direction, by switching to a default CC-BY license, by opening up our back issues with an annual rolling wall, and by adjusting our subscription charges accordingly. During this time, we have also witnessed a marked increase in quality, funded submissions, including several themed issues. Internet Archaeology has always tried to be more than 'just a journal'. We explore the possibilities of the web and have delved into many different publication formats. This flexibility extends into everything we do. Being a small operation has meant we could be responsive to changes in the wider scholarly landscape, and the journal has simply reached the tipping point.
      Funded through JISC's eLib programme, Internet Archaeology was launched in 1995 as a born-digital journal and published its first issue in 1996. It was also open access before the term was really invented. As part of the initial funding agreement, and as the only sustainable option for us at that time, we introduced institutional subscriptions in 2000, followed by subscriptions for individuals in 2001. By 2010, the open access debate had truly sparked into life and it was around that time that we started to publish open access content where funds were available. By the start of 2014 however, over 50% of the articles we had published were open access, so we have decided to make open access the focus of our efforts from now on.
      There will always be challenges of course but I'm very excited to be taking the journal into this new phase.
      Judith Winters, Editor
      29 September 2014

      September 27, 2014

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Mār Šiprim: Newsletter of the International Association for Assyriology (IAA)

      Mār Šiprim: Newsletter of the International Association for Assyriology (IAA) 
      Welcome to the home of Mār Šiprim, the official Newsletter for the International Association for Assyriology (IAA). Through this Newsletter, the IAA aims to provide an online platform for Assyriologists and Near-Eastern enthusiasts where to interact with each other on both an intellectual and an informal level, thus establishing an international linkage among colleagues.
      If you would like to know more about the visions of the IAA or would like to become a member, please visit the IAA website.

        Christopher Blackwell (Classics and Furman)


        There is a continuum between “trying to do stuff” on the one hand, and “writing about it” on the other; we’ve not struck a good balance over the past few years. So here I go, trying to revitalize this blog.

        Over the next week, I am going to try to build an infrastructure for a project I’m calling Eupatrid. This will be a collection of identified historical figures and geographic places relevant to Classical Athenian Democracy, with citations to Greek texts. It will be based on the CITE Architecture developed for the Homer Multitext. It will also depend heavily on the excellent work of the Pleiades project.

        The purpose of this is to explore the relationships among the leading figures in the historical development of classical Athenian democracy, and how those relationships enmeshed the rest of the Greek world. Ideally, this infrastructure will allow my CLS-220 class (“Greek Civilization”) to build a nifty body of data as they read Aristotle, Plutarch, Herodotus, and Thucydides.

        Along the way, I want to get good at capturing, analyzing, and displaying graphs of data from CITE services, with an eye toward integrating CITE with the work on Greek syntax going on at the University of Leipzig.

        So, away we go…

        Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

        I.Sicily ~ Building a digital corpus of Sicilian inscriptions

        I.Sicily ~ Building a digital corpus of Sicilian inscriptions

        I.Sicily is a project to create and make freely available online the complete corpus of inscriptions from ancient Sicily. The project includes texts in all languages (Greek, Latin, Phoenician/Punic, Oscan, Hebrew, and Sikel), from the first inscribed texts of the Archaic period (7th-6th centuries BC) through to those of late Antiquity (5th century AD and later). In the first instance the project is restricted to texts engraved on stone, but it is intended to expand that coverage in the future. The project uses TEI-XML mark-up, according to the EpiDoc schema.

        Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

        iOS 8: Problem With Japanese Keyboard

        A number of users have found that updating to iOS 8 makes the Japanese keyboard non-functional.  A possible fix for this is to reset the keyboard dictionary, via Settings > General > Reset and tap Reset Keyboard Dictionary.

        Stefan Baums and Andrew Glass (Gandhari.org Blog)

        Aśoka’s Edicts

        We completed coverage of the Aśokan edicts in our Dictionary. This includes the sets of Major Rock Edicts at Shahbazgarhi and Mansehra as well as the lipikara signatures at Brahmagiri, Jatinga‐Rameshwara and Siddapura. Overall, thanks to a long history of study and the available parallels, the Aśokan edicts are among the best‐understood groups of Gāndhārī texts, but still some riddles remain and await a solution. One is the enigmatic yesu vihita eṣa agrabhuṭisuśruṣa in Rock Edict XIII, apparently corresponding to τοὺς ἐκεῖ οἰκοῦντας ἔδει τὰ τοῦ βασιλέως συμφέροντα νοεῖν in its Greek translation.

        September 26, 2014

        Tom Elliott (Horothesia)

        New in Electra and Maia: I.Sicily

        I have just added the following blog to the Maia and Electra Atlantides feed aggregators:

        title = I.Sicily
        url = http://isicily.wordpress.com/
        creators = Jonathan Prag
        license = None
        description = Building a digital corpus of Sicilian inscriptions
        keywords = None
        feed = http://isicily.wordpress.com/feed/