Electra Atlantis: Digital Approaches to Antiquity


Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

September 24, 2018

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Titi Kou: The one who can’t think of a good title

Hallo! Titi here. My full name is Tianyi Kou and I am a second year PhD student in German Studies. Titi is my nickname that my family used to call me when I was younger and I really liked it. When I moved to Michigan, I just decided to go with it and so far it’s been working well. (laugh)

I was born and raised in Beijing, China, where I received my bachelor and M.A degrees in German Studies. During the second year of the M.A, I moved to Erfurt, Germany for a year as an exchange student. Aside from attending seminars, I spent most of the time traveling in Germany and in Europe. I rode a bike to a small town on the west side of Europe in the Netherlands and touched the North Sea. I also spent ten hours down in a mine, eating bratwurst and quarrying beautiful minerals. With an extroverted personality, I prefer to talk to local people and learn about their life and culture. Older people tend to have the best stories to share. They are the living history book!

MSU German department and its supportive attitude towards my research interest attracted me to move here and to start a new chapter of my life. Within the field of German Studies, I mainly focus on examining how soccer as a cultural phenomenon relates to German national identity. In order to present a clear picture of how Germany’s soccer competition system evolved to the present days, I intend to use digital tools to enhance the accessibility of the history and provide a more explicit overview.

In addition, I am also looking forward to getting to know more people from other fields and to observe how they conduct their research. So far I’ve been working with Dan, Zach, and Shewonda and they are great teammates! Each one of them has their specialties and they are all super charming in different ways.

Next thing that needs our full attention: WHAT SHOULD WE EAT FOR LUNCH next Friday? (All suggestions are welcomed.)

September 23, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Hadashot Arkheologiyot - Excavations and Survey in Israel

[First posted in AWOL 23 October 2009. Updated 23 September 2018]

Hadashot Arkheologiyot - Excavations and Survey in Israel
ISSN: 1565-5334
Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel (HA-ESI) has been published in print since 1961 by the Israel Department of Antiquities and Museums (IDAM) and since 1990 by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA). The journal contains preliminary reports of excavations and surveys in Israel, as well as final reports of small-scale excavations and surveys; it also publishes archaeological finds recorded during inspection activities. The journal is bilingual, Hebrew and English; reports submitted in English are translated into Hebrew and vice versa.
 The e-journal www.hadashot-esi.org.il is the digital format of HA-ESI, replacing the printed version. The first digital publication of the journal (No. 116, 2004) is a reflection of the last printed volume. From 2005 onward, the journal will be published on-line only – each year will receive a volume number, continuing the numbering of the printed journal (e.g., No. 117 = 2005, No. 118 = 2006, etc.). The e-journal is an unlimited data base of archeological reports, including photographs, maps, plans and pottery figures. The reports can be searched by keywords or by means of an interactive map. The results of both types of searches can be printed.
 The reports submitted to the e-journal will be edited in the same manner as in the printed journal (see Guide to Contributors). They will be published on-line with the completion of their editing and translation, and will be ascribed to a specific issue according to the year of publication (issue no. = year of publication). A final excavation report is marked with as asterix*. Announcements of new publications will appear on the Home Page of the e-journal. Prints of reports are available from the web site for personal and educational use only.

Past Issues






ESI 15 (1996) -
ESI 15 (1996)
ESI 16 (1997) -
ESI 16 (1997)
ESI 17 (1998) -
ESI 17 (1998)
ESI 18 (1998) -
ESI 18 (1998)
ESI 19 (1999) -
ESI 19 (1999)
HA-ESI 111 (2000) -
HA-ESI 111 (2000)
HA-ESI 112 (2000) -
HA-ESI 112 (2000)
HA-ESI 113 (2001) -
HA-ESI 113 (2001)
HA-ESI 114 (2002) -
HA-ESI 114 (2002)
HA-ESI 115 (2003) -
HA-ESI 115 (2003)


Extended Reports

  • Fahura

  • Fahura Fakhura Oren Zingboym, Dina Avshalom-Gorni and Shmuel Bar Lev [31/12/2014] (Final Report)

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Stemmaweb - a collection of tools for analysis of collated texts

[First posted in AWOL 30 September 2012, updated 22 September 2018]

Stemmaweb - a collection of tools for analysis of collated texts
Stemmaweb is a set of tools that has grown out of the Tree of Texts, a CREA ("creative research") project funded by the KU Leuven. The tools were developed variously within the project, on behalf of the project by Shadowcat Systems, and in collaboration with the Interedition project. The source code for all tools and associated libraries is available on Github.
All tools are free for scholarly and nonprofit use and adaptation. Although some data may be viewed publicly without a user account, use of the tools with your own data is possible only by registering as a user. You may log in with a Google account or another OpenID account, or you may register with a local username and password for use on the site. The Tree of Texts project and KU Leuven retain rights to uploaded text traditions only insofar as it is necessary to store and back them up, display them according to the stated preferences, and analyze them with the tools provided and linked.

Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca

[First posted in AWOL 3 August 2015, updated 23 September 2018]

Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca
Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca ist der Titel einer Editionsreihe, die von 1882 bis 1909 im Auftrag der Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften im Berliner Verlag Georg Reimer erschien. Die Reihe legte im Anschluss an die Aristoteles-Ausgabe der Akademie die erhaltenen antiken Kommentare zu den Schriften des Aristoteles in textkritischen Ausgaben vor, einige davon zum 
ersten Mal. Die Redaktion lag ab 1877 bei Hermann Diels, der auch selbst einige Bände erarbeitete.

Neben den CAG erschien von 1885 bis 1903 das Supplementum Aristotelicum, das in sechs Teilbänden mehrere Werke edierte, die nicht vom CAG erfasst wurden.

Die Bände der CAG und des Supplementum Aristotelicum sind mittlerweile gemeinfrei und vollständig digitalisiert.

Supplementum Aristotelicum

Band Autor und Titel Editor Erscheinungsjahr Digitalisate
1 Alexander Aphrodisiensis, In Aristotelis metaphysica commentaria Michael Hayduck1891 Internet Archive
2,1 Alexander Aphrodisiensis, In Aristotelis analyticorum priorum librum 1 commentarium Max Wallies1883 Google-USA* = Internet Archive
2,2 Alexander Aphrodisiensis, In Aristotelis topicorum libros octo commentaria Max Wallies1891 Internet Archive
2,3 Alexander, quod fertur Michael Ephesius, In Aristotelis sophisticos elenchos commentarium Max Wallies1898 Internet Archive
3,1 Alexander Aphrodisiensis, In librum de sensu commentarium Paul Wendland1901 Google-USA* = Internet Archive
3,2 Alexander Aphrodisiensis, In Aristotelis metereologicorum libros commentarium Michael Hayduck1899 Internet Archive, Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
4,1 Porphyrius, Isagoge et in Aristotelis categorias Adolf Busse1887 Internet Archive
4,2 Dexippus, In Aristotelis categorias commentaria Adolf Busse1888 Internet Archive, Internet Archive
4,3 Ammonius, In Porphyrii isagogen sive V voces Adolf Busse1891 Internet Archive
4,4 Ammonius, In Aristotelis categorias commentarius Adolf Busse1895 Internet Archive
4,5 Ammonius, In Aristotelis De interpretatione commentarius Adolf Busse1897 Internet Archive
4,6 Ammonius, In Aristotelis analyticorum priorum librum 1 commentarium Max Wallies1899 Internet Archive, Internet Archive
5,1 Themistii analyticorum posteriorium paraphrasis Max Wallies1900 Internet Archive
5,2 Themistii in Aristotelis physica paraphrasis Heinrich Schenkl1900 Internet Archive
5,3 Themistii in libros Aristotelis de anima paraphrasis Richard Heinze1899 Internet Archive
5,4 Themistii in libros Aristotelis de caelo paraphrasis hebraice et latine Samuel Landauer1902 Internet Archive
5,5 Themistii in Aristotelis metaphysicorum librum Λ paraphrasis hebraice et latine Samuel Landauer1903 Internet Archive
5,6 Pseudo-Themistius, In parva naturalia commentarium Paul Wendland1903 Internet Archive
6,1 Syrianus, In Metaphysica (Β–Γ, Μ–Ν) commentaria Wilhelm Kroll1902 Internet Archive
6,2 Asclepius, In Aristotelis metaphysicorum libros Α–Ζ commentaria Michael Hayduck1888 Internet Archive
7 Simplicius, In Aristotelis de caelo commentaria Johan Ludvig Heiberg1894 Internet Archive
8 Simplicius, In Aristotelis Categorias commentarium Karl Kalbfleisch1907 Internet Archive
9 Simplicius, In Aristotelis physicorum libros quattuor priores Hermann Diels1882 Internet Archive
10 Simplicius, In Aristotelis physicorum libros quattuor posteriores Hermann Diels1895 Internet Archive
11 Simplicius, In libros Aristotelis de anima commentaria Michael Hayduck1882 Internet Archive, Internet Archive
12,1 Olympiodorus, Prolegomena et in categorias Adolf Busse1902 Internet Archive
12,2 Olympiodorus, In Aristotelis meteora commentaria Wilhelm Stüve1900 Internet Archive
13,1 Philoponi (olim Ammonii) In Aristotelis Categorias commentarium Adolf Busse1898 Internet Archive
13,2 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis analytica priora commentaria Max Wallies1905 Internet Archive
13,3 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis analytica posteriora commentaria cum Anonymo in librum II Max Wallies1909 Internet Archive
14,1 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis meteorologicorum librum primum commentarium Michael Hayduck1901 Internet Archive
14,2 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis libros de generatione et corruptione commentaria Girolamo Vitelli1897 Internet Archive
14,3 Ioannis Philoponi (Michaelis Ephesii) in libros de generatione animalium commentaria Michael Hayduck1903 Internet Archive
15 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis de anima libros commentaria Michael Hayduck1897 Internet Archive
16 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis physicorum libros tres priores commentaria Girolamo Vitelli1887 Internet Archive
17 Ioannis Philoponi in Aristotelis physicorum libros quinque posteriores commentaria Girolamo Vitelli1888 Internet Archive
18,1 Eliae In Porphyrii Isagogen et Aristotelis Categorias commentaria Adolf Busse1900 Internet Archive
18,2 Davidis Prolegomena et in Porphyrii Isagogen commentarium Adolf Busse1904 Internet Archive
18,3 Stephani in librum Aristotelis de interpretatione commentarium Michael Hayduck1885 Internet Archive
19,1 Aspasii in ethica Nicomachea quae supersunt commentaria Gustav Heylbut1889 Internet Archive
19,2 Heliodori in ethica Nicomachea paraphrasis Gustav Heylbut1889 Internet Archive
20 Eustratii et Michaelis et Anonyma in ethica Nicomachea commentaria Gustav Heylbut1892 Internet Archive
21,1 Eustratii in analyticorum posteriorum librum secundum commentarium Michael Hayduck1907 Internet Archive
21,2 Anonymi et Stephani in artem rhetoricam commentaria Hugo Rabe1896 Internet Archive
22,1 Michaelis Ephesii in parva naturalia commentaria Paul Wendland1903 Internet Archive
22,2 Michaelis Ephesii in libros de partibus animalium, de animalium motione, de animalium incessu commentaria Michael Hayduck1904 Internet Archive
22,3 Michaelis Ephesii in librum quintum ethicorum Nicomacheorum commentarium Michael Hayduck1901 Internet Archive
23,1 Sophoniae in libros de anima paraphrasis Michael Hayduck1883 Internet Archive
23,2 Anonymi categoriarum paraphrasis Michael Hayduck1883 Internet Archive
23,3 Themistii quae fertur in Aristotelis analyticorum priorum librum I paraphrasis Max Wallies1884 Internet Archive, Internet Archive
23,4 Anonymi in sophisticos elenchos paraphrasis Max Wallies1884 Internet Archive
Band Autor und Titel Editor Erscheinungsjahr Digitalisate
1,1 Excerptorum Constantini de natura animalium libri duo: Aristophanis historiae animalium epitome Spyridon P. Lambros1885 Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
1,2 Prisciani Lydi quae extant, metaphrasis in Theophrastum et Solutionum ad Chosroem liber Ingram Bywater1886 Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
2,1 Alexandri Aphrodisiensis scripta minora. 1: Alexandri de anima cum mantissa Ivo Bruns1887 Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
2,2 Alexandri Aphrodisiensis scripta minora reliqua (quaestiones, de fato, de mixtione) Ivo Bruns1892 Internet Archive, Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
3,1 Anonymi Londinensis ex Aristotelis Iatricis Menoniis et aliis medicis eclogae Hermann Diels1893 Internet Archive, Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
3,2 Aristotelis Res publica Atheniensium Frederic G.Kenyon1903 Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive

September 22, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Археологія і давня історія України

Археологія і давня історія України
ISSN: 2227-4952
Журнал присвячений публікаціям досліджень з археології та давньої історії України. Висвітлюються питання соціально-економічного розвитку та культурних зв’язків населення України у кам’яному та мідно-бронзовому віках, сторінки з історії кіммерійців та скіфів, матеріальна та духовна культура античних греків у Північному Причорномор’ї, етногенез та рання історія слов’ян, розвиток давньоруських міст і сіл, матеріальної культури середньовіччя і нового часу. Видаються нові археологічні матеріали, розвідки з історії археології та архівні джерела.
Для археологів, істориків, краєзнавців, учителів історії, студентів історичних факультетів, усіх, хто цікавиться давньою історією України.

A journal is devoted to publications of investigations on archaeology and ancient history of Ukraine. Questions of social and economic development and cultural relations of the population of Ukraine in the Stone and Copper-Bronze Age, pages of Cimmerian and Scythian history, material and spiritual culture of antique Greeks in Northern Black Sea Coast, ethnogenesis and early history of Slavs, development of the Ancient Russian cities and villages, material culture of Medieval and Modern periods are under observing. New archeological records, survey on history of archaeo­logy and archival sources are being published.
This series is intended for archaeologists, historians, regional specialists, teachers of history, students of historical departments and for all who is interested in ancient history of Ukraine.
Заплановані випуски
Вип. 4 (29). Кераміка і скло Східної Європи від середньовіччя до модерного часу.

2018Вип. 3 (28). Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 2 (27). Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 1 (26). Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 4 (25). Дослідження археологічної спадщини Східної Волині (до 120-річчя з дня народження Ф. А. Козубовського)
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 3 (24). Матеріали та дослідження Археологічного музею IА НАН України. — К., 2017. — 200 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 2 (23). Старожитності раннього залізного віку. — К., 2017. — 540 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 1 (22). Археологія: дослідження, експерименти, реконструкції. — К., 2017. — 380 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 4 (21). Південноруське місто у системі міжцивілізаційних контактів. — К., 2016. — 142 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 3 (20). Дослідження Київського Полісся. — К., 2016. — 280 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 2 (19). Старожитності раннього залізного віку. — К., 2016. — 296 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 1 (18). Колекції Наукових фондів Інституту археології НАН України. Проблеми та відкриття. — К., 2016. — 164 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 4 (17). Археологія і простір. — К., 2015. — 206 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 3 (16). Матеріали та дослідження Археологічного музею IА НАН України. — К., 2015. — 101 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 2 (15). Старожитності раннього залізного віку. — К., 2015. — 282 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 1 (14). Olbio: In memoriam V.V. Krapivina. — К., 2015. — 453 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 2 (13). Археологія: можливості реконструкцій. — К., 2014. — 167 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 1 (12). Колекції Наукових фондів Інституту археології НАН України. Результати досліджень. — К., 2014. — 201 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 11. Середньовічні міста Полісся. — К., 2013. — 246 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 10. Експериментальна археологія: досвід моделювання об’єктів та виробництв. — К., 2013. — 255 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 9. Історія археології: дослідники та наукові центри. — К., 2012. — 362 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 8. Колекції Наукових фондів Інституту археології НАН України. Джерела та дослідження. — К., 2012. — 154 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 7. Мадяри в Середньому Подніпров’ї. — К., 2011. — 200 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 6. Стежками археології. До 70-річчя професора Михайла Івановича Гладких. — К., 2011 — 132 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 5. Археологія: від джерел до реконструкцій. — К., 2011. — 252 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access || Сайт "Спілки": Збірник / Collection of Articles

Вип. 4. Актуальні проблеми археології України. — К., 2010. — 322 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст / Contents | Збірник / Collection of Articles
Вип. 3. Колекції Наукових фондів Інституту археології НАН України. Матеріали та дослідження. — К., 2010. — 138 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access
Вип. 2. Археологія Правобережної України. — К., 2010. — 261 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access
Вип. 1. Проблеми давньоруської та середньовічної археології. — К., 2010. — 586 с.
Бібліотека В. І. Вернадського: Зміст, постатейний доступ / Content, an itemized Access

[0]. Эпоха раннего железа: Сб. науч. тр. к 60-летию С.А. Скорого. — Киев; Полтава, 2009. — 456 с.
Сайт "Спілки": Зміст | Збірник / Collection of Articles academia.edu

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online, 19 September 2018

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online. There are 282 volumes of this series now online open access.
Böhler, Dieter (1997). Die heilige Stadt in Esdras α und Esra-Nehemia: Zwei Konzeptionen der Wiederherstellung Israels. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


September 21, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access to Athenian Agora Excavation Data

 [First posted in AWOL 27 May 2012, updated 21 September 2018]

Agora Excavations
Excavations in the Athenian Agora are formally published through the Athenian Agora monograph series and articles in Hesperia, the journal of the American School. A number of digital resources are also made available free-of-charge for teaching and research purposes.
With the support of the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) the Athenian Agora Excavations have been involved over the last decade in an ambitious program of digitizing older materials and experimenting with the use of new technology to record continuing excavations.
For general information about the Athenian Agora excavations, including contact information and a history of the excavations, please visit http://agathe.gr.
See linked data for Athens via awld.js
See linked data for Attica via awld.js

Beta maṣāḥǝft: Manuscripts of Ethiopia and Eritrea

Beta maṣāḥǝft: Manuscripts of Ethiopia and Eritrea
Manuscripts in Ethiopia and Eritrea are for the most part still preserved by church parishes, scattered all over the highlands, often in places difficult to reach. There is no reliable figure for the total number of surviving Ethiopic manuscripts, the numbers are likely in hundreds of thousands: there are between 13,000 and 34,000 active parishes in Ethiopia and Eritrea, each in the possession of at least several manuscripts, with biggest collections counting several hundred codices (e.g. c. 570 manuscripts are preserved at Dabra Bizan, and 220 (and formerly up to 800) in Gunda Gundē). While the assumed numbers are very high, the number of historical – most valuable for researchers – manuscripts is diminishing at a quick pace as they are gradually substituted by more recent ones. Field research confirms that over 90% of each manuscript collection is composed of manuscripts dating from the nineteenth and twentieth century. This does not diminish, or rather, on the contrary, this underlines the necessity to record what has survived until today. Older manuscripts, often in bad state of preservation, disintegrated and/or incomplete, are frequently not assigned the value they deserve.

Corpus dei Manoscritti Copti Letterari: Free online Publications

Corpus dei Manoscritti Copti Letterari: Free online Publications 

Clavis Patrum Copticorum
(List of the Coptic Literature)


  • Tito Orlandi, Encomium in Raphaelem archangelum (Relatio Theophili), ed. 2018 (download pdf).
  • Tito Orlandi, Coptic Texts Relating to the Church Canons. An Overview, ed. 2016 (download pdf).
  • Tito Orlandi, Coptic Texts Relating to the Virgin Mary. An Overview, ed. 2008 (download pdf).
  • Davide Righi, Severiano di Gabala In Apostolos cc0331 = cpg4281. Introduzione, testo copto, testi arabi, traduzione, ed. 2004. Vol. 1 (download pdf); Vol. 2 (download pdf).
  • Omelia De anima et corpore, cc0223 = cpg2004 (ed. Tito Orlandi, 2003) Introduzione, testo copto, traduzione (download pdf).
  • Tito Orlandi, Paolo di Tamma, Opere, Roma CIM, 1988 (download pdf).
  • Tito Orlandi, Shenute, Contra Origenistas, Roma CIM, 1985 (download pdf).
  • Eudoxia and the Holy Sepulchre. A Constantinian Legend in Coptic.Edited by Tito Orlandi. Introduction and Translation by Birger A. Pearson. Historical Study by Harold A. Drake. Milano, 1980 (download pdf).
  • Ps. Cirillo di Gerusalemme, Omelie copte sulla Passione, sulla Croce, e sulla Vergine. Edizione con introduzione e traduzione di Antonella Campagnano, Milano, 1980 (download pdf).
  • Tito Orlandi, Il dossier copto del martire Psote. Testi copti con introduzione e traduzione, Milano, 1978 (download pdf).
  • Quattro omelie copte. Vita di Giovanni Crisostomo, Encomi dei 24 Vegliardi, Encomio di Michele arcangelo di Eustazio di Tracia. Edizione, traduzione e commento a cura di Antonella Campagnano, Antonella Maresca, Tito Orlandi, Milano, 1977 (download pdf).

Open Access Journal: Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale

[First posted in AWOL 24 June 2015, updated 21 September 2018]

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale
ISSN: 2385-3042
Attiva da oltre quarant'anni con periodicità annuale, la rivista è espressione del Dipartimento di Studi sull'Asia e sull'Africa Mediterranea dell’Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia. Dal respiro internazionale, essa ospita contributi di orientalistica di qualificati studiosi italiani e stranieri. I temi della ricerca, spesso trasversali alle diverse aree geografiche e culturali, si possono raggruppare in quattro ambiti principali: 1. Studi linguistici, filologici e letterari; 2. Religioni e filosofie; 3. Archeologia e conservazione dei beni culturali, arti figurative e performative; 4. Storia, istituzioni, economia, società, politica e relazioni internazionali. Da sempre attenta agli sviluppi delle discipline orientalistiche e al loro futuro, la rivista ospita altresì i lavori di giovani studiosi quali dottorandi e dottori di ricerca. La pubblicazione di supplementi monografici è volta all'ulteriore approfondimento dei molteplici campi d'indagine.

54 | 2018
25 Jun 2018
Issue cover

20 Jun 2017
53 | 2017

Issue cover

30 Jun 2016
52 | 2016

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale - 06.2015

51 | 2015

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale - 12.2014

50 | 2014

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale - 12.2014

50 | Supplemento | 2014

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

About Zachary Francis-Hapner: New CHI Fellow

Hello World! I am Zach, and this is currently my second year as an archaeology student in the anthropology PhD program. The first 23 years of my life were spent in Grand Rapids, Michigan where I graduated from Grand Valley State University. I’ve been fortunate enough to branch out geographically since then and experience some fun stuff. This includes backpacking across Europe, doing some archaeology in Ukraine, and walking dogs in New York City. There have been some unfortunate experiences as well, like being scammed by taxi drivers, not being able to find a free European bathroom and seeing some unfortunate things on the NYC subway. All of these experiences have made me who I am today and given me an appreciation for how people go through life. On some level, this is what cultural heritage is all about.

As with most people, I imagine a large part of my interest in cultural heritage stems from my family. My dad’s side of the family is Ojibwe while my mom’s side is essentially Polish. One upside to this multicultural upbringing was the availability of Indian Tacos and Kielbasa growing up. I lived in a suburban neighborhood and went to Catholic School until I graduated from high school which was a lot fun. But the downside was a lack of exposure to my Native American heritage. Growing up, I would have jumped at the chance to learn more about where I came from.

With many major revitalization efforts taking place on this front, I hope to one day help contribute to making cultural heritage more accessible with digital skills. Thus giving kids like myself a resource to discover their past. On a lighter note, I enjoy fantasy football, playing video games casually and am sort of a movie buff. I also have a girlfriend who’s the bee’s knees that I recommended read this blog. Hi Kayla!

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

What on earth is the “Hypomnesticon” of “Josephus Christianus”?

While we were looking at the Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae of ps.Athanasius, there was a reference in Zahn’s article to “the strange book of Josephus Christianus”.  This is yet another obscure text, so I thought that I would gather what I could find here.

This work is divided into 5 books and 167 chapters.  It has the title Ἰωσήππου βιβλίον ὑπομνηστικόν, which generated the idea that the author was a Josephus, called Josephus Christianus to distinguish him from the famous historian Flavius Josephus.  But in reality it merely means the hypomnesticon of the books of Fl. Josephus, i.e. extracts from the latter.  There is no author name attached, although older writers refer to him as “hypomnesticon auctor”.  Some have thought that he was the 4th century Joseph of Tiberias, but this is impossible.[1]  Chapter 136 is an extract from the Byzantine author Hippolytus of Thebes, who flourished in the late 7th/early 8th century.  If this is considered a Byzantine interpolation, the work would naturally date to the 5th century.[2]

Each chapter contains a question – mostly biblical-historical questions – which receives an answer, generally given as a list. The questions concern a wide range of subjects. These include: How many generations were there from Adam to the coming of the Saviour? Hebrews married gentile wives? Which men were admired for their wisdom? What are the miracles wrought by Isaiah the prophet? How many Jakoboi were there among the apostles?

The Greek text with the rare title “Hypomnestikon” has reached us in a single manuscript, the tenth century Codex Ff.1.24 of Cambridge University library (a copy made in the 18th century is in the university library at Utrecht). This manuscript contains the best extant text of The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, and was probably brought to England from Athens about 1241 AD by Robert Grosseteste.[3]

The editio princeps was printed with a Latin translation in J. A. Fabricius, Codex pseudepigraphus Veteris Testamenti, Volume 2 (1723), and is online at Google Books here.  It is also in the Patrologia Graeca vol. 106, cols. 15-177, as “Joseppus Christianus”, “Libellus memorialis in Vetus et Novum Testamentum”.

Amazingly a modern edition and translation does exist: Robert M. Grant and G. W. Menzies, Joseph’s Bible Notes (Hypomnestikon). SBL Texts and Translations 41, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996.  This I have not seen, however.  There is a deeply useful review by William Adler. “Review of R M, Grant, and G W Menzies, Joseph’s Bible Notes. (hypomnestikon.)Journal of Theological Studies 48, no. 1 (1997): 258, which includes corrections.

A German translation was made by J. Haug and published as part of the Berleburg annotated bible, volume 8, in 1742.[4]

The only study devoted to the Hypomnesticon in modern times is J. Moreau, “Observations sur l’ὑπομνηστικόν βιβλίον Ἰωσήππου”, in: Byzantion 25-27, 1955-7, 241-276.[5]  There is also the PhD thesis of G. W. Menzies, Interpretative traditions in the Hypomnestikon Biblion Ioseppou, Diss: University of Minnesota 1994.[6]  Update: also see Stephen Goranson, “Joseph of Tiberias Revisited: Orthodox and Heresies in Fourth-Century Galilee” in: Eric M. Meyers (ed), Galilee Through the Centuries: Confluence of Cultures, 1999, p.343; and Simon C. Mimoumi, “L’Hypomnesticon de Joseph de Tiberiade: Une oeuvre  du IVeme siecle?”, Studia Patristica XXXII, 1997, p.346-57.

There are probably gems to be had within the text.  For instance chapter 122 contains a list of the translators of Hebrew scripture, and a little information about them; the seventy, Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion. Then it goes on:

A fifth version was found however at Jericho, hidden in bronze jars, bearing no translator’s name in the title.  However they say that this translation was by a certain woman, because those jars were found at the house of a woman who was studious of sacred literature.

(A sixth translation is mentioned after this).

Another obscure text, now perhaps a little better known!

Update: I discover an article on it at French wikipedia.
Update: Many thanks to commenter “Diego” for locating the German translation in the Berleburg bible; and to IG for some modern bibliography.

  1. [1]Although I see that the excellent Steven Goranson has attempted to revive it: Stephen Goranson, “Joseph of Tiberias Revisited: Orthodox and Heresies in Fourth-Century Galilee” in Galilee Through the Centuries: Confluence of Cultures edited by Eric M. Meyers, p.343.
  2. [2]Most of this from Smith’s elderly Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Vol. 2, 1846, p.609.
  3. [3]All this via https://muse.jhu.edu/article/9952: “The author’s name, Joseph, is derived from the brief poem which is found at the end of the book—if this poem is the work of the author and not a scribal colophon. Apart from a few brief abstracts found in commentaries and catenae, the Greek text, with the rare title Hypomnestikon, is found only in one manuscript, the tenth century Codex Ff.1.24 of Cambridge University library. This somewhat notorious codex, containing the best extant text of The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, was probably brought to England from Athens about 1241 C.E. by Robert Grosseteste. The heart of this rather miscellaneous manuscript consists in moral lessons from the patriarchal and post-patriarchal times. The first modern edition was produced in 1723 by J. A. Fabricius the famous polymath and a later version, found in Migne PG 10ff, was edited by Giovanni Batista Gallicciolli. Although previously translated into Latin and German, this is the first English translation. It is not a theological treatise but rather a medieval Book of Lists or Trivia Pursuit, a pastiche of biblical-historical questions drawn from different writers, especially the Jewish historian Josephus, and occasionally developed with the help of the New Testament. It answers such questions as “Which of the saints became blind and died?” “Who survived and did not die?” “Who died and lived again?” (127) “What are the stations of the people on the way from Egypt?” It described five ‘heresies’ (sects) among the Jews (307): 1) Pharisees (‘separated’), concerned with phylacteries, cleansings of the body and washing of cups and plates. 2) Sadducees (‘just’) deny the resurrection, angels, Holy Spirit, spirits of the dead, judgement. 3) Essenes are ‘precise’ about the laws and abstain from marriage and procreation and from dealings and meetings due to blind chance. 4) Another order of Essenes ‘who similarly observe the laws yet do not reject marriage and procreation but despise the others because they cut off the succession of the race.’ 5) A fifth sect of Judas the Galilean ‘allowing them to call no man Lord or Master and prohibiting them to accept the census that took place under Quirinius.’ Among the Samaritans, who were originally colonists of the Persians, are four sects, Gorothenes, Sebouaeans, Essenes and Dositheans (307).”
  4. [4]Online here.
  5. [5]Henk Jan de Jonge, “Additional notes on the history of Mss. Venice Bibl. Marc. Gr. 494 (k) and Cambridge Univ. Libr. Ff. 1.24 (b)”, in: Marinus De Jonge, Studies on the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs: Text and Interpretation, p.107 f; p.114.
  6. [6]Hathi entry: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102172074

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Varia and Quick Hits

This week went from the last gasp of summer to well-and-truly fall-like in one long and rainy afternoon. The cooler temperatures are introducing us to the leading edge of winter with frosts around the corner and a bit less dog fur to clean up around the house. 

It also means that baseball is wrapping up, football is underway, and things are starting to get serious in NASCAR and (as much as they can) in Formula 1. Cricket is starting down under and the first test of the summer is just weeks away. The semester has hit its stride and the excitement of new classes and new projects has given way to the grind of “doin’ work.”

Hopefully there’s still time for some quick hits and varia:

E800F381 CBC0 488E 8268 60A14FEFA498

September 20, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Urkunden des aegyptischen Altertums

 [First posted in AWOL 1 January 2014, updated (adding: Monika Hasitzka, Helmut Satzinger, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie.Indices zu den Heften 1-22. Corrigenda zu den Heften 5-16, Berlin, 1988 = Urk IV Indices - 119 pp) 20 September 2018)

Urkunden des aegyptischen Altertums
Michael Tilgner's list of the known digital versions of the volumes of Urkunden des aegyptischen Altertums, compiled for the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum (EEF) has appeared in a new revised version, December 26, 2013.

* Urk. I.1-4: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Abteilung I, Band I, Heft 1-4.
2nd rev. ed., Leipzig, 1932-1933. - pdf-file (10.8 MB)
[The first 2 fascicles, pp. 1-152, are scanned from the 1st ed, Leipzig, 1903]
Urk. I, 1-308 [PDF] (ETANA)
-- Also partly available:
Urk. I.1-2 [so without fascicles 3-4] , 2nd rev. ed. (Leipzig, 1932) - pdf-file (8 MB)
Urk. I, 1-152 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. II.1-3: Kurt Sethe, Hieroglyphische Urkunden der griechisch-römischen
Zeit. Band II [read: *Abteilung II, *Band I], Heft 1-3. Leipzig, 1904-1916.
Urk. II.1: Leipzig, 1904. - pdf-file (1.7 MB)
Urk. II, 1-80 [PDF] (ETANA)
Urk. II.2: Leipzig, 1904. - pdf-file (6 MB)
Urk. II, 81-158 [PDF] (ETANA)
Urk. II.1-2 [so without fascicle 3]: pdf-file (8.3 MB)
Urk. II, 1-158 (Internet Archive)
Alternatively: pdf-file (12.1 MB)
Urk. II, 1-158 (Internet Archive)
Urk. II.1-3 [so incl. fascicle 3]: Leipzig, 1904-1916 - pdf-file (3.3 MB)
Urk. II, 1-230 (YUL Digital Books)

* Urk. III.1-2: Heinrich Schäfer, Urkunden der älteren Äthiopenkönige.
Band III [read: *Abteilung III, *Band I], Heft 1-2. Leipzig, 1905-1908. - pdf-file (2.6 MB)
Urk. III, 1-152 [PDF] (ETANA)
Alternatively: pdf-file (7.1 MB)
Urk. III, 1-152 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.1-4: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Band I, Heft 1-4: Historisch-biographische Urkunden. Leipzig, 1906. - pdf-file (6.6 MB)
[fascicle 1 is scanned from the 2nd rev. ed., Leipzig, 1927]
Urk. IV, 1-314 [PDF] (ETANA)
Alternatively: pdf-file (183.6 MB)
Urk. IV, 1-314 (JScholarship/Sheridan Libraries)
Urk. IV, 1-314 (Internet Archive)
pdf-file (14.3 MB) [PDF]: Urk. IV, 1-314 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.5-8: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Band II, Heft 5-8: Historisch-biographische Urkunden. Leipzig, 1906. - pdf-file (6.6 MB)
Urk. IV, 315-624 [PDF] (ETANA)
Alternatively: pdf-file (170 MB)
Urk. IV, 315-624 (JScholarship/Sheridan Libraries)
Urk. IV, 315-624 (Internet Archive)
pdf-file (16.2 MB) [PDF]: Urk. IV, 315-624 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.9-12: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Band III, Heft 9-12: Historisch-biographische Urkunden. Leipzig, 1907. - pdf-file (7.1 MB)
Urk. IV, 625-936 [PDF] (ETANA)
Urk. IV, 625-936 (Internet Archive)
pdf-file (18.5 MB) [PDF]: Urk. IV, 625-936 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.13-16: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Band IV, Heft 13-16: Historisch-biographische Urkunden. Leipzig, 1909. - pdf-file (6.5 MB)
Urk. IV, 937-1226 [PDF] (ETANA)

* Urk. IV.17: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 17: Biographische Inschriften von Zeitgenossen Thutmosis' III. und
Amenophis' II.. Berlin, 1955. -
-- fascicle 17, i.e. Urk. IV, 1227-1368, not yet online

* Urk. IV.18: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 18: Biographische Inschriften von Zeitgenossen Thutmosis' III.
und Amenophis' II.. Berlin, 1956.
-- fascicle 18, i.e. Urk. IV, 1369-1539, not online seperately
-- fascicles 18 & 19 bound together in one pdf-file (13 MB):
Urk. IV, 1369-1645 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.19: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 19: Historische Inschriften Thutmosis' IV. und biographische Inschriften
seiner Zeitgenossen. Berlin, 1957.
-- fascicle 19, i.e. Urk. IV, 1539a-1645, not online seperately
-- fascicles 18 & 19 bound together in one pdf-file (13 MB)
Urk. IV, 1369-1645 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.20: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 20: Historische Inschriften Amenophis' III.. Berlin, 1957.
-- fascicle 20, i.e. Urk. IV, 1646-1775, not online seperately
-- fascicles 20 & 21 bound together in one pdf-file (15 MB)
Urk. IV, 1646-1954 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.21: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 21: Inschriften von Zeitgenossen Amenophis' III.. Berlin, 1958.
-- fascicles 21, i.e. Urk. IV, 1776-1954, not online seperately
-- fascicles 20 & 21 bound together in one pdf-file (15 MB)
Urk. IV, 1646-1954 (Internet Archive)

* Urk. IV.22: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Abteilung IV,
Heft 22: Inschriften der Könige von Amenophis III. bis Haremhab und
ihrer Zeitgenossen. Berlin, 1958.
-- fascicle 22, i.e. Urk. IV, 1955-2179, not yet online

* Urk. IV.1-4 [Übersetzung]: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie.
Abteilung IV, Band I - Deutsch [read: Übersetzung zu den Heften 1-4].
Leipzig, 1914. - iv, 142 pp. - pdf-file (4 MB)

* Urk. IV.5-16 [Übersetzung]: Adelheid Burkhardt, Elke Blumenthal,
Ingeborg Müller, Walter F. Reineke (eds.), Urkunden der 18. Dynastie.
Übersetzung zu den Heften 5-16, Berlin, 1984. - 509 pp.
not yet online

* Urk. IV.17-22 [Übersetzung]: Wolfgang Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie.
Übersetzung zu den Heften 17-22, Berlin, 1961. - 433 pp. - pdf-file (32 MB)
URL (Internet Archive)
[English translation (not online): Barbara Cumming, Egyptian Historical
Records of the Later Eighteenth Dynasty. Translated into English from
the Original Hieroglyphic Text as Published in W. Helck, "Urkunden
der 18. Dynastie", Heft 17-19. With Reference to Professor Helck's
German Translation. fascicle I-III, Warminster, 1982-1984; Benedict
G. Davies, Egyptian Historical Records of the Later Eighteenth Dynasty,
fascicle III-VI. Translated from W. Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie,
Heft 20-22, Warminster, 1992-1995]

* Urk. IV.1-22, Indices: Monika Hasitzka, Helmut Satzinger, Urkunden
der 18. Dynastie. Indices zu den Heften 1-22. Corrigenda zu den
Heften 5-16, Berlin, 1988 - 119 pp. - pdf-file (72.7 MB)

* Urk. V.1-3: Hermann Grapow, Religiöse Urkunden. [Abteilung V,
Heft 1-3:] Ausgewählte Texte des Totenbuches, Leipzig, 1915-1917. -
pdf-file (3.3 MB)
Urk. V, 1-208 [PDF] (ETANA)

* Urk. V.1-3 [Übersetzung]: Hermann Grapow, Religiöse Urkunden, [Übersetzung],
Leipzig, 1915-1917. - 80 pp. - pdf-file (2.3 MB)

* Urk. VI.1: Siegfried Schott, Urkunden mythologischen Inhalts. Abteilung VI,
Heft 1. Leipzig, 1929. - 72 autographed pp. - pdf-file (1.6 MB)
Urk. VI, 1-72 [PDF] (ETANA)
Alternatively: see next VI.2 and VIII.1 below.

* Urk. VI.2: Siegfried Schott, Urkunden mythologischen Inhalts. Abteilung VI,
Heft 2. Leipzig, 1939. - autographed pp. 73-144
Urk. VI.2, i.e. Urk. VI, 73-144, not yet online seperately.
Urk. VI.1 and VI.2 bound together - pdf-file (58.6 MB):
Urk. VI, 1-144 (JScholarship/Sheridan Libraries)

* Urk. VII.1: Kurt Sethe, Historisch-biographische Urkunden des Mittleren
Reiches. Abteilung VII, Heft 1. Leipzig, 1935. - pdf-file (1.5 MB)
Urk. VII, 1-66 [PDF] (ETANA)
Alternatively: see VIII.1 below.
-- fasc. 1 was all that was published

* Urk. VIII.1: Otto Firchow, Thebanische Tempelinschriften aus
griechisch-römischer Zeit. Abteilung VIII, Heft 1. Berlin, 1957 (aus
dem Nachlass von Kurt Sethe)
Urk. VIII.1, i.e. Urk. VIII, 1-152, not yet online seperately
Urk. VI.1 , VII.1, and VIII.1 bound together - pdf-file (15.3 MB):
URL (Internet Archive)
-- fasc. 1 was all that was published

Open Access Journal: Routes de l'Orient: Revue d'Archéologie de l'Orient Ancien

[First posted in AWOL: 23 November 2017, updates with new content 20 September 2018]

Routes de l'Orient: Revue d'Archéologie de l'Orient Ancien
ISSN: 2272-8120
ISSN: 2492-8542
Routes de l'Orient est une association étudiante à but non lucratif ayant pour objectif principal de promouvoir la recherche en archéologie orientale grâce à la participation active d'étudiants et au soutien d'enseignants et de chercheurs. Routes de l'Orient est intéressée par les autres disciplines actrices de la recherche orientale (épigraphiste, anthropologue, historien, numismate, ...). Elle regroupe des étudiants provenant de différentes universités telles que Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris 4 Sorbonne, l'École pratique des hautes études (EPHE), le Museum d'histoire naturelle ou encore l'École du Louvre et tend à s'ouvrir à d'autres universités françaises et étrangères.
Routes de l'Orient is a non profit association rallying students in Oriental archaeology, also interesting in others eastern disciplins (history, anthropology, epigraphy, ...). We are actively working together with the help and support of scholars and senior lecturers to share recent research in our field with the broader public. We currently include undergraduates and postgraduates from various Parisian universities (Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris 4 Sorbonne, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (EPHE), Ecole du Louvre) and hope to extend our membership to other student communities both in France and abroad.
Hors-Série n°3: Actualité archéologique française au Soudan
N° 3 – « Actualité des recherches archéologiques »
Hors-série n° 2 : « Actualité des recherches archéologiques en Arabie »
N° 2 – « Actualité des recherches archéologiques »
N° 1 – « Actualités de la recherche archéologique » 
Cliquez sur l’image pour ouvrir le document

dh+lib: where the digital humanities and librarianship meet

RECOMMENDED: Paywall: The Business of Scholarship (film)

Jason Schmitt (Clarkson University) has released a new film, Paywall: The Business of Scholarship, that explores the academic publishing system:

Paywall: The Business of Scholarship is a documentary which focuses on the need for open access to research and science, questions the rationale behind the $25.2 billion a year that flows into for-profit academic publishers, examines the 35-40% profit margin associated with the top academic publisher Elsevier and looks at how that profit margin is often greater than some of the most profitable tech companies like Apple, Facebook and Google. 

Schmitt has released the film under a CC BY license and is available to stream and download for free. Screenings have also been scheduled for libraries, universities, and research centers across the world.

OPPORTUNITY: Apply for a Certificate in OER Librarianship

The Open Textbook Network is accepting applications for librarians interested in earning a certificate in Open Educational Resources (OER) Librarianship. The cohort-based program aims to equip librarians to

develop comprehensive knowledge in open education and open education programming, and be able to apply that knowledge within their own local context, culture, and goals. In addition, participants will focus on practices necessary to navigate the interpersonal and institutional conflicts often encountered when building open education programs. Some examples include: navigating questions about academic freedom, building productive relationships with the campus bookstore, and engaging library colleagues in open education initiatives. The curriculum will also address how to build and sustain momentum with campus constituents, as well as supporting multiple layers of faculty engagement including OER adoption, creation, editing, and teaching strategies.

Applications are due October 20, 2018.

CFP: Associazione per l’Informatica Umanistica e le Culture Digitali (AIUCD)

The Associazione per l’Informatica Umanistica e le Culture Digitali (AIUCD) has issued a call for proposals for its 2019 conference, scheduled for January 23–25 in Udine, Italy. The conference welcomes abstracts for papers, panels, workshops, and posters that address

  • General questions:
    • the epistemological positioning and area of knowledge of DH in relation to the systems of Academic Research Areas (Settori Scientifico-Disciplinari) and Recruiting in Italy;
    • the positioning of DH in the European and International academic systems;
    • the evaluation of research in DH beyond traditional publications;
    • dissemination, public history, and crowdsourcing within research projects;
    • the role of inter(multi-trans-cross)-disciplinary DH research in European projects, enquiry, and teaching.
  • Pedagogy and teaching questions:
    • teaching DH: which models, technologies, and methods?
    • teaching the humanities in secondary schools and universities with DH tools;
    • teaching DH at the University: how is it taught today?
    • DH and media: production, dissemination, and analytical prospects
    • teaching history and DH;
    • DH and didactic strategies;
    • DH and hands-on teaching practices;
    • DH and primary source teaching;
    • Big Data methodologies and technologies in DH research and teaching.
  • Questions concerning research efforts:
    • statistical and quantitative research methods and their teaching applications;
    • Data Science and the role of DH in the definition of new knowledge;
    • Information science and DH:  meeting points and methodological integration;
    • cultural and social impact of humanities research with computational methodologies;
    • Semantic web technologies and linked open data in the humanities;
    • models and tools for knowledge representation in the humanities and the cultural heritage sector;
    • visualization methodologies and technologies and their significance for humanities and cultural heritage knowledge and information;
    • Natural Language Processing methodologies and applications for the humanities;
    • digitization methodologies and technologies for the production, preservation, and promotion of digital cultural heritage.

Proposals are due October 25, 2018.

JOB: Head Librarian for Data & Assessment Services, Boston College

From the announcement:

The Head Librarian for Data & Assessment Services leads the Libraries’ data services and research data curation program on campus, and also guides assessment initiatives and coordinates data visualizations for library resources, services, spaces, and technology. The Head develops a robust set of programs and services in support of research data collection and management for qualitative and quantitative datasets. The Head is responsible for planning the services and functions of the Libraries and harnessing the expertise of staff throughout campus to enable a unified complement of data services and support for Boston College. He/she provides leadership and coordination for the external and internal data needs of library departments, overseeing reporting while championing the culture of evaluation and continuous improvement in assessing library resources. The Head coordinates the collection, analysis, and visualization of data, including the use of surveys, focus groups, user experience tests, and metrics, communicating findings to relevant stakeholders.
Reports to the Associate University Librarian for Digital Initiatives & Services.

JOB: Preservation and Digitization Strategist, The Ohio State University

From the announcement (.pdf):

The Ohio State University Libraries is seeking a successful leader with an orientation to systems thinking and strong skills in analysis, innovation, and collaboration to care for the rich and expansive collections its users rely on for teaching, learning, discovery, and the creation of new knowledge and art. The Preservation and Digitization Strategist provides key leadership for the lifecycle management of the Libraries’ physical and digital collections. The position directs and advances a diverse portfolio of related services encompassing conservation, preservation, and digitization of collections. The Strategist is a key partner with Collection Strategy, Special Collections, Facilities, Information Technology, and Discovery and Access in developing policy and practice affecting collection stewardship.

JOB: Open Educational Technology Specialists, CUNY (2 positions)

From the announcement:

The Open Educational Technology Specialists will work closely together, with one reporting to the Director of the Teaching and Learning Center and one reporting to the Director of the Graduate Center’s Digital Initiatives. These positions are funded for two years.

Duties include but are not limited to:

  • Runs workshops and provides consultations on strategies for open teaching with OER for CUNY faculty, including Graduate Center student instructors.
  • Serves as an active member of the CAC team, interfacing frequently with Community Facilitators and the development team as the CAC develops and integrates new features to bolster support for OER-related work.
  • Collaborates with partner programs at the Graduate Center and throughout CUNY on educational technology projects.
  • Utilizes the Manifold platform to help CUNY faculty and graduate students build OER resources for classroom use.
  • Attends meetings with OER coordinators throughout CUNY.
  • Supports GC students engaged in the production of Open Educational Resources.
  • Compiles data and writes reports on OER activity on GC-maintained platforms;
  • Presents at conferences and workshops across CUNY and beyond about the CAC and Manifold Scholarship;
  • Attends regular meetings with GCDI and TLC teams.
  • Performs other duties as assigned.

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

CHI Fellow: Lauren Elizabeth

I am Lauren Elizabeth (LJ) and I am a third-year PhD student in the Curriculum, Instruction and Teacher Education program. My research interests currently include considerations of the cultural epistemologies of New Orleans Black women and youth, Black feminist geographies, storytelling, and English Education. Narratives and stories are essential to my work, if not the work itself, and so I believe that the CHI fellowship will be an invaluable learning experience.

Prior to my time at MSU, I received my Master’s while also working as a Secondary English and Literacy teacher. Working with youth was a constant reminder of digital space and the critical conversations being had already by youth, as well as those that needed to be had by schools.

Because my work is informed by various disciplines and epistemologies, I am not only interested in how I synthesize my project(s), but I am also intrigued by the process, especially the exploration of crafting digital narratives and the ethics involved. This includes critical conversations concerning (at times violent) sociohistorical legacies of archives, mapping, and the representation of particular communities. I also hope to began a deeper exploration of my own pedagogical stances, such as “What is access and whom is it for?” What does it mean to digitize a story—especially when we think of authorship, agency, and ownership? Who are the mappers and cartographers—the meaning-makers of a place? While I do not plan to answer all of these questions or neatly tease them out within the year, I hope that as a CHI graduate fellow of the 2018-2019 cohort, I will be able to attend to these possibilities and tensions.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Travelogues: Travellers' Views: Southeastern Europe – Eastern Mediterranean Greece – Asia Minor – Southern Italy

First posted in AWOL 3 April 2015, updated 20 September 2018]

Places – Monuments – People
Southeastern Europe – Eastern Mediterranean
Greece – Asia Minor – Southern Italy

Travelogues website was created within the broader project of Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation to promote Greek culture, and especially Greek literature, on a national and international level. This website aims to make known the graphic materials found in travel accounts of journeys to Greece and the eastern Mediterranean from the 15th century onwards, and thus contribute both to students' education and scientific research. An important part of the editions that constituted the data base of the website belongs to the Historical Library of the Foundation, currently under construction.

Travelogues will periodically be updated with material from major libraries in Greece, such as Gennadius Library and Benaki Museum Library. This material, already in process, spans the time from the 15th to the early 20th century. Of approximately 4500 images, 560 have already been incorporated in the website's collections. In the same sense, the bibliography shall be updated with the most recent research contributions. User feedback will be taken into consideration and the pertinent modifications will get reflected.
  And see AWOL's round-up of Open Access Travel Literature.

New from the Oriental Institute: Essays for the Library of Seshat: Studies Presented to Janet H. Johnson on the Occasion of Her 70th Birthday

Essays for the Library of Seshat: Studies Presented to Janet H. Johnson on the Occasion of Her 70th Birthday

Jan Tribute Cover.jpgEdited by Robert K. Ritner

Download Purchase Terms of Use
Janet H. Johnson, Morton D. Hull Distinguished Professor of Egyptology, is internationally known as editor of the Chicago Demotic Dictionary (CDD) project (1976–present), but her publications and interests extend far beyond lexicography. These range from philology and social history to technology and archaeology, including gender studies and marriage, bureaucracy and scribal training, Egyptian grammar of all periods, as well as computer applications to Egyptology and archaeological investigations of the late antique port at Quseir on the Red Sea coast and medieval Luxor. This Festschrift, by twenty-eight colleagues, students, and friends, reflects her wide variety of interests, with topics ranging from the Old Kingdom to Late Antiquity.
Table of Contents
Publications of Janet H. Johnson. John A. Larson, University of Chicago
Introduction. Robert K. Ritner, University of Chicago
1. The ABCs of Painting in the Mid-Eighteenth Dynasty Terminology and Social Meaning
Betsy M. Bryan, Johns Hopkins University
2. Yellow Is Not a Metaphor for “All [That]’s ‘Fair’ in Love and War”
Lorelei H. Corcoran, University of Memphis
3. The Camel as a Sethian Creature
François Gaudard, University of Chicago
4. A Ptolemaic Grain Account Papyrus (P. Vienna D. 13.534)
Richard Jasnow, Johns Hopkins University
5. The Syntax and Semantics of the Particle ἰst in the Middle Egyptian Tales
Jacqueline Jay, Eastern Kentucky University
6. An Indurated-Limestone Sphinx Fragment of Nefertiti in the Luxor Temple Blockyard
W. Raymond Johnson, University of Chicago
7. Were There Legal Form Books, Legal Casebooks, or Case Law in Ancient Egypt?
Thomas Logan, Monterey Peninsula College
8. State Making, Military Power, and Bureaucracy: Some Thoughts on New Directions in the Study of the History of Bureaucracy in Egypt
Joseph G. Manning, Yale University
9. “Completamente distrutte”: Réévaluation archéologique de Philadelphie du Fayoum, Égypte
Gregory Marouard, University of Chicago
10. Fragments of a Late Roman Doorway at Medinet Habu
J. Brett McClain, University of Chicago
11. “Nonsense Burners” and Nomads
Carol Meyer, University of Chicago
12. The Foundation and Purpose of the Settlement at Lahun during the Middle Kingdom: A New Evaluation
Nadine Moeller, University of Chicago
13. A Loan Contract in Chicago from the Archive of the Theban Choachytes (Second Century BCE)
Brian P. Muhs, University of Chicago
14. “Greeks” in a Demotic List O. Lips. ÄMUL dem. inv. 1422
Franziska Naether, Universität Leipzig
15. Converters in Old Egyptian
Hratch Papazian, University of Cambridge
16. Family of Priests in the Theban Tombs of Ahmose and R‘a (TT 121 and 72)
Peter A. Piccione, University of Charleston, S. C.
17. The Origin of Evil in Egyptian Theological Speculation
Robert K. Ritner, University of Chicago
18. Fear of Hieroglyphs: Patterns of Suppression and Mutilation in Old Kingdom Period Burial Chambers
Ann Macy Roth, New York University
19. An Embalmer’s Bowl with Demotic Inscription (Oriental Institute Museum E9115)
Foy Scalf, University of Chicago
20. Stela of Tamiw Naming a King Takelot (Liverpool
Cynthia May Sheikholeslami, Cairo, Egypt
21. Pectorals, Seals, and Seal Cases(?)
David P. Silverman, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania
22. Transformation and Justification: A Unique Adaptation of Book of the Dead Spell 125 in P. Louvre E 3452
Mark Smith, University of Oxford
23. Djedhor Son of Usirwer in the Valley of the Kings
Steve Vinson, Indiana University Bloomington, Eugene Cruz-Uribe, Indiana University East, and Jacqueline Jay, Eastern Kentucky University
24. The Beginning and End of Coffin Spell 149: A Living Person Approaches the Netherworld Tribunal
Edward F. Wente, University of Chicago
25. Revisiting the Egyptian Memnon: Landscape and Memory in Western Thebes
Jennifer Westerfeld, University of Louisville
26. A Saite Family Burial Assemblage from Nag el-Hassiya in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology
T. G. Wilfong, Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, University of Michigan
27. Security Conditions and Methods in the Middle Kingdom
Bruce B. Williams, University of Chicago
28. Eine neue demotische Lebenslehre (Pap. Berlin P. 13605)
Karl-Theodor Zauzich

  • Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 70
  • Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2017
  • ISBN 978-1-61491-032-9
  • Pp. xii + 452; 262 illustrations (many color)
  • Softcover, 9" x 11.75"
  • $59.95

For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Dave Glovsky: Better late than never

I am in my sixth and final year in the History Department at MSU. I spent almost two of those years overseas conducting research on rural communities in four West African countries: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, and Guinea. I spent most of a year talking with farmers, herders, and traders about cross-border movement and migration, exploring what these cross-border relationships tell us about life in these twentieth and twenty-first century borderlands. My interest in these rural communities stems out of two years I spent as a Peace Corps Volunteer in a small town in southern Senegal, located near Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, and Guinea.

So how did I end up as a CHI Fellow? I thought about applying to CHI before, but was unable to do so because I haven’t spent both semesters on campus at MSU for three years. I also wanted to wait until I had actual data collected that I could apply to this fellowship. I plan to use the next year to add a digital component to my dissertation, visually tracing how individuals and communities crossed borders to create a larger space outside of the control of colonial and post-colonial West African governments. As an educator, I find students are increasingly interested in digital tools to gain and produce knowledge.

Additionally, maps have fascinated me since I was a child. They provide a template that people can understand in a way that explaining work through text cannot always do. This is particularly true when tracing how, when, and where people moved. Explaining that someone moved from Guinea to Gambia means almost nothing to 99.99% of Americans. But when a map represents that movement, it becomes comprehendible. After having conducted 200+ interviews in over 100 communities, I am ready to gain the technical know-how to put my research online, not just for people in the U.S., but for the communities I worked with in West Africa while conducting research. Check back at the end of the year to see how well I did!

You can follow me on twitter at @glovsky, where I post mostly about West Africa.

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

Cataloguer and Researcher, Early modern English manuscripts

The British Library is undertaking a new project to digitise many of its most important English manuscripts from the period 1500 to 1650. We are recruiting three Cataloguer/Researchers to work on this project, who will use their specialist knowledge of original sources from this period to research and catalogue the...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Contemporaneity and Colonialism, Eurocentrism, and Historical Archaeology

This weekend, I got my very first paper copy of the European Journal of Archaeology. I felt very international! 

The EJA is one of those journals where I always find at least one article that intrigues me. The most recent issue had an article titled “Modern Colonialism, Eurocentrism and Historical Archaeology: Some Engendered Thoughts” by Sandra Montón-Subías and Almudena Hernando. The article is open access.

The authors argue that “de-Eurocentring” archaeology and history is more than just opening our disciplines to indigenous voices, expanding our views of agency, and developing more socially aware practices, but also needs to include critiques of the very basis of disciplinary logic. In particular, they suggest that history and archaeology focus on change at the expense of stability and continuity. The former tends to celebrate individuality which, in turns, tends to emphasize both the development of hierarchy and technology. It goes without saying that this trajectory has tended to emphasize men. In contrast, they argue, women often play key roles in maintaining social stability particularly in non-hierarchical societies, but these roles, experiences, and spaces tend to be overlooked because our history and archaeology tend to focus on change. In fact, the projecting of change, and ideas of progress and development, backward from the Enlightenment into earlier periods (and the emphasis on, say, developmental models of periodization and endless debates over continuity and change. The historical trajectory of male, capitalist, expansionist, hierarchical, and technological Europe has become a model for all societies and change is in these places is seen as evidence for the advanced state of European culture and an excuse for colonial practices that, at best, seek to elevate the condition of “undeveloped” societies.

There’s a lot for me to unpack in this article and many citations to follow (particularly those related to “relational identity”), but it got me wondering about what an expanded role of contemporaneity plays in destabilizing on of a key element in defining discontinuity in archaeology. As a number of archaeological theorists have argued, our knowledge of the past often requires us to recognize a “broken tradition” between the time of the archaeologist and the past. While scholars have obviously challenged this deeply modern way of viewing the work and perspective of an archaeologist, it is difficult to deny that the disciplinary logic of archaeology insists on the place and time of the archaeologist is very much separate from the time occupied by the objects that they excavate, study, and interpret. The accounts from the prevalence of the metaphor of excavation which sees the surface as the present and levels beneath the surface as belonging to a past otherwise hidden from the archaeologist’s gaze, in modern and archaeological thought. In other words, the notion of change – and radical change at that – is implicit in archaeological work as long as the archaeologist remains situated outside of archaeological or historical time and works from the perspective of a perpetual present.

I’ve been thinking a good bit about the idea of contemporaneity in archaeology. It seems to me that an archaeology of the contemporary world upsets the idea that the time of the archaeologist and the time that they study are different. It undermines the notion that time is defined by breaks and discontinuities that are so often viewed as the manifestations of radical moments of individuality pushing back against the torpor of tradition. The most common definitions of the contemporary (the last 20? Or 30 years?) press back directly against the accelerated pace of modernity by insisting on the long present. By locating ourselves in the same time that we study we insist on continuity in a discipline defined by change.

I’m not naive enough to suggest that this simple time shift will decolonize archaeology, but perhaps its a way to open more space for critical engagement with gender, social inequality, and the narratives of progress that underpin the logic of our disciplines.  



Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

The Book of Durrow to be displayed at the British Library

It is now less than one month until the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms exhibition opens at the British Library on 19 October. Today, we are delighted to announce that the Book of Durrow will be on display in the exhibition, on loan from the Library of Trinity College Dublin. This manuscript, dated...

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Manuscripts of the Suda / Suidas

I recently had reason to consult manuscripts of the 10th century Byzantine encyclopedia known as the Suda, and known in the past under the misleading title of “Suidas”.  This I did, but I realised that I did not actually know what the main mss of the Suda might be.  Some 80 manuscripts are listed at Pinakes, containing all or part of the text. The following notes are from Adler’s edition, vol. 1, p.218 f.

  • A = Paris, BNF, gr. 2625 and 2626.  Both have an older and a younger section.  2625 older portion is not dated by Adler; the younger is 14th century.  The older part of 2626 is 12-13th century, the younger is 15th century.
  • R = Vatican 3-4, copied from A before 1449.
  • Marcianus 449 (today 558), 15th c.  Copied from A.
  • British Library Additional 11892-3. Copied from A in 1402 by George Baeophorus.
  • Vatican 2317 (= 2431).  AD 1463.  Copied from A.
  • F = Florence, Mediceo-Laurenziana 55, 1.  Copied from A in 1422.
  • V = Leiden, Vossianus, 12th century.  Written before 1204 when S was copied from it.  Adler gives no shelfmark, and it does not appear to be listed in Pinakes.  A google search suggests it is Leiden University Library, Vossianus gr. F 2.[1]
  • S = Cod. Vaticanus 1296.  AD 1204.  Copied from V. Currently divided in 3 volumes.
  • C = Oxford, Corpus Christi College 76-7.  End of 15th c.  Copied from V.
  • British Library, Harleianus 3100.  End of 15th c.  Copied from V.  Originally at Durham Cathedral; presented by the dean and chapter to Edward Harley in 1715; and sold to the British Museum with the other Harley mss in 1753.
  • G = Paris 2623.  Written before 1481 by Caesare Strategus.  Part of the mixed GIT family.
  • Holkham Hall 288 (now in Bodleian library), 1454 AD.   Related to G.
  • I = Codex Angelicus 75. 15th c.  Part of the mixed GIT family.
  • Escorial X I 1. 15th c.   Part of the mixed GIT family.
  • Paris suppl. 96.  15th c. Excerpts.  Part of the mixed GIT family.
  • T = Vatican 881.  AD 1434.  Part of the mixed GIT family.  Interpolated at the end.
  • U = Urbinas gr. 161.  AD 1461.  Related to T.
  • N = Marcianus XI, 8 ( today 991). 15th c.  Related to T.
  • B = Paris 2622. 13th c.  Part of the BLM family.
  • Madrid 4882. (O 89) 16th c.    Part of the BLM family.
  • Copenhagen Gl. Kgl. Saml. 413.  1465 AD.    Part of the BLM family.
  • Marcianus X 21-22, (today 1197-8). ca. 1475.    Part of the BLM family.
  • E = Brussels 11281. AD 1476.    Part of the BLM family.
  • L = Codex Sinaiticus, St Petersburg 125. 14th c.    Part of the BLM family.
  • D = Bodleian Misc. Gr. 289. (= Auct. V 52). 15th c.    Part of the BLM family.
  • H = Paris gr. 2624. 15th c.   Part of the BLM family.
  • Milan, Ambrosianus 494 (L 108 Sup.) 15th c.    Part of the BLM family.
  • M = Marcianus 448 (1047). 13th c.   Part of the BLM family.
  • Oxford, Bodleian Misc. 290 (Auct. V 53) 15th c. Copied from M.

There are also excerpts preserved.

Sadly no stemma is given by Adler.

  1. [1]Tiziano Dorandi, “Liber qui vocatur suda: Translation of the Suda by Robert Grosseteste”, 2013. Via here: “Abstract: Robert Grosseteste (Bishop of Lincoln from 1235) translated in Latin some entries of the Byzantine Lexicon known as the Suda, a translation which is still unpublished. This paper investigates the textual transmission of Suda’s translation. In the first part Grosseteste’s learning and knowledge of Ancient Greek are briefly outlined. In the same section his other translations from Greek are also discussed. A description of the extant manuscripts of Suda’s translation is provided, as well as a catalogue of the items (pertaining to a separate textual tradition), which are found in Grosseteste’s notulae of his doctrinal, literary and scholarly works. Special attention is paid to the so-called Lexicon Arundelianum (a Greek-Latin Lexicon – but entirely written in Latin – Transmitted by MS London, College of Arms, Arundel 9). Grosseteste sometimes combines several Suda’s items and/or inserts in the original Lexicon text some entries of the Etymologicum Gudianum. Moreover Grosseteste’s translations are extremely literal (verbum de verbo). Finally, MS Leiden University Library, Vossianus gr. F 2 (12th cent.) is proved to be the Suda Greek manuscript used by Grosseteste for his translation.”

September 19, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)


Nach dem Vorbild der Internetseite www.theatrum.de wird ab der Woche 38 im Jahr 2011 bei der Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz, Landesarchäologie Mainz die website www.amphi-theatrum.de aufgebaut werden. Sie wendet sich an Wissenschaftler und interessierte Laien und wird bis auf Weiteres mit vermehrten Inhalten gefüllt werden.

Die Seite entspringt dem Wunsch, die diesbezüglichen Informationen zu dem noch nicht entdeckten Amphitheater in Mainz zu sichten, durch die Bereitstellung eines Umfangreichen Vergleichsmaterials die Plausibilität der Forderung seiner ehemaligen Existenz in Mainz nachvollziehbar zu machen und notwendigen Ergänzungen der theatrum-Seite gerade im Bereich der „Veranstaltungen“ adäquaten Raum zu geben.
Je nach Überlieferungssituation sollen die Kategorien

-          Bauinschriften
-          Beschreibung
-          Ausstattung und Funktionsweise
-          Funde
-          Literatur
-          Veranstaltungen
-          archäologische Reflexe des Veranstaltungswesens

dargestellt werden. Dabei ergab sich die Notwendigkeit, auch Orte mit wichtigen archäologischen Zeugnissen zum Gladiatorenwesen in die topographische Ordnung mit aufzunehmen, selbst dann, wenn sie kein Amphitheater besitzen.

Neben die Säule der topographischen Ordnung wird nun auch eine stärker ausgebaute inhaltliche Säule gestellt mit einem umfangreicheren Glossar als es bisher bei theatrum besteht, einer Textsammlung der kaiserlichen Politik zu diesem Themenbereich, einer allgemeinen Bibliographie und einer link-Sammlung, die nicht allein historische und archäologische Quellen erschließen, sondern auch zu den Seiten des sog. re-enactment führt, jenen immer zahlreicher werdenden praktischen Aktivitäten zum historisch möglichst genauen Nachspielen antiker Gladiatorenkämpfe.

Textbeiträge auswärtiger Kollegen sind im Sinne einer Qualitätsverbesserung ausdrücklich erwünscht. Auch für die Überlassung von Bildern sind wir dankbar. Herkunft der überlassenen Texte und Bilder werden deutlich gekennzeichnet.


Die Website www.theatrum.de ist als Internetprojekt aus den Aktivitäten zur Erforschung des römischen Theaters von Mogontiacum-Mainz hervorgegangen. Ziel ist, in kurzer Form Basisinformationen zu allen bekannten Theatern der griechisch-römischen Antike zusammenzustellen. So soll ein schneller Zugang zu den Fragen hergestellt werden, was über das Aussehen eines Theaters bekannt ist und was dort veranstaltet wurde – jeweils streng orientiert an der historischen und archäologischen Überlieferung jedes einzelnen Baues. 

Die antiken Theater waren öffentliche Räume, die bei den großen Feierlichkeiten ihrer Gemeinden im Blickpunkt der gesamten Gesellschaft standen. Hier fanden im fest gefügten Ablauf sakraler Feste nach Opfern und Prozessionen für die Götter oder den Herrscher Bühnenaufführungen unterschiedlicher Art statt. Wer als Mitglied der Gesellschaft diesen Feiern beiwohnte, nahm auch an den Bühnenaufführungen teil und so erklärt sich die nach heutigen Maßstäben enorme Zuschauerkapazität der Theaterbauten. Die mit dem griechischen Wort Euergetismus bezeichnete Wohltätigkeit führender Gesellschaftsmitglieder ermöglichte erst den Bau solch komplexer Anlagen. Als Gegenleistung für diese als Verpflichtung empfundene Großzügigkeit gewährte die Gemeinde dem Spender Ehrenstandbilder im Theater und verewigte ihn bis auf unsere Tage für die Nachwelt. Hiermit ging die Verehrung von Göttern und Herrschern einher, die in jedem Theater ihren Ausdruck in Form einer statuarischen Ausstattung fand.

Die großen, weithin bekannten Spiele wurden von professionell ausgebildeten Akteuren besucht, deren Erfolge in den Agonen vor allem des griechischen Ostens auf zahlreichen Inschriften aufgelistet wurden. Vielfach machten Münzprägungen Namen und Preise von Spielen im ganzen Reich bekannt. Halten griechische Inschriften den Ablauf von Feiern penibel fest, so teilen uns die lateinischen Inschriften des Westens genau mit, wie viel Geld Spiele (ludi scaenici) oder Baumaßnahmen kosteten und wer diese bezahlte. Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten des Theaterwesens im griechischen Osten und dem lateinischen Westen werden deutlich, ebenso wie regionale Besonderheiten etwa der gallo-römischen Theater oder der orientalischen Kult-Theater.

See also Amphi-Theatrum

Select Titles from the American Schools of Oriental Research Available Online at HathiTrust

 [First posted in AWOL 5 May 2015, updated 19 September 2018]

Select Titles from the American Schools of Oriental Research Available Online at HathiTrust
The American Schools of Oriental Research is pleased to announce that 65 titles are now openly available through the partnership with Google and HathiTrust (@hathitrust on Twitter). The HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository and highly functional access platform. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives.

Our titles are available under a CC-BY-NC-ND license, while a handful of titles are open in the public domain. These titles are available for reading and downloading worldwide in efforts to carry out ASOR’s mission to initiate, encourage and support research into, and public understanding of, the cultures and history of the Near East from the earliest times.

Available titles include: Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975) by Frank Moore Cross, The Other Side of Jordan by Nelson Glueck, The Role of Human Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East by Alberto Ravinell Whitney Green, and more. For a collection of ASOR’s titles, see below.

ASOR is proud to join the growing number of scholarly publishers and university presses that have opened their publications through HathiTrust.
n.b. HATHITrust has provided an ASOR Publications page - a useful starting place for research. I have also exported the records to a public Zotero group: ASOR in HATHITrust. All Zotero users are welcome to become members of that group. If you are not yet a Zotero user, this is an excellent opportunity to begin.
American Expedition to Idalion, Cyprus., George Ernest Wright, Anita M. Walker, Lawrence E. Stager, and American Schools of Oriental Research. First Preliminary Report: Seasons of 1971 and 1972. Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;no. 18, xxx, 178 p. Cambridge, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1974. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009047201.
American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad. “Publications of the Bagdad School. Texts.,” no. v. (1927): v. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000528551.
American Schools of Oriental Research. Annual Meeting Program Book. v. S.l.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 0000 uuuu. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005283377.
———. “Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.” BASOR, no. v. (1921): v. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006022442.
American Schools of Oriental Research., American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem., and JSTOR (Organization). “Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.” BASOR, no. v. (1919): v. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000674894.
American Schools of Oriental Research., E. A. Speiser, Millar Burrows, Henry Joel Cadbury, Benjamin Wisner Bacon, Warren Joseph Moulton, Charles Cutler Torrey, and American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. “The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research.,” no. v. (1920): v. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000524868.
American Theological Library Association., American Schools of Oriental Research., and JSTOR (Organization). “Near Eastern Archaeology.” NEA, no. v. (1998): v. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/003259516.
Birnbaum, Salomo A. The Qumrân (Dead Sea) Scrolls and Palaeography. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.  Supplementary Studies,no. 13-14, 52 p. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1952. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008567637.
Blakely, Jeffrey A., Kevin G. O’Connell, and Lawrence E. Toombs. The Tell El-Hesi Field Manual. Excavation Reports., v. Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1980. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000140418.
Blakely, Jeffrey A., and Joe D. Seger. An ASOR Mosaic: A Centennial History of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1900-2000. American Schools of Oriental Research Mosaic, xxii, 376 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2001. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004231829.
Boling, Robert G., Edward Fay. Campbell, and George Ernest Wright. Essays in Honor of George Ernest Wright. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;no. 220/221, 177 p. Missoula, Mont.: Published by Scholars Press for the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1976. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006014740.
Burrows, Millar, and American Schools of Oriental Research. What Means These Stones?: The Significance of Archeology for Biblical Studies. xvi, 306 p. New Haven, Conn.: The American schools of oriental research, 1941. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001409489.
Campbell, Edward Fay. Shechem III: The Stratigraphy and Architecture of Shechem/Tell Balâṭah. Shechem Three, 2 v. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2002. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004251954.
Charlesworth, James H., and George. Zervos. The New Discoveries in St. Catherine’s Monastery: A Preliminary Report on the Manuscripts. Monograph Series ;no. 3, xv, 45 p. Cambridge, MA : Winona Lake, IN: American Schools of Oriental Research ; Distributed by Eisenbrauns, 1981. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000242775.
Cohen, Susan., and Yosef. Garfinkel. The Middle Bronze Age IIA Cemetery at Gesher: Final Report. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 62, xvii, 149 p. Boston MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2007. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008565459.
Cross, Frank Moore. Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975). Occasional Publications - Zion Research Foundation ; v. 1-2. Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1979. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000031769.
Darnell, John Coleman., and Meredith S. Chesson. Results of the 2001 Kerak Plateau Early Bronze Age Survey. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 59, 124 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2005. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006040906.
Detweiler, A. Henry. Manual of Archaeological Surveying. American Schools of Oriental Research. Publications of the Jerusalem School. Archaeology, v.2, x, 133 p. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1948. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007124164.
Freedman, David Noel, Edward Fay Campbell, and George Ernest Wright. The Biblical Archaeologist Reader. 2 v. Missoula, Mont.: American Schools of Oriental Research : distributed by Scholars Press, 1975. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007551123.
Fritsch, Charles T., and Glanville Downey. Studies in the History of Caesarea Maritima. The Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima ;v. 1, 122 p. Missoula, Mont.: Published by Scholars Press for the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1975. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/003496578.
Glueck, Nelson. Explorations in Eastern Palestine, III. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research, v. 18-19 for 1937-1939, xxiv, 288 p. New Haven: The American Schools of Oriental Research, 1939. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007153889.
Glueck, Nelson, and American Schools of Oriental Research. The Other Side of the Jordan. xvii, 208 p. New Haven, Conn.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1940. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001242461.
Govaars, Marylinda., L. Michael. White, and Marie. Spiro. Field O: The “Synagogue” Site. Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima Excavation Reports ;v. 9, xviii, 287 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2009. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006881139.
Graf, David Frank., and David Noel Freedman. Palestine in Transition: The Emergence of Ancient Israel. The Social World of Biblical Antiquity Series ;2, ix, 108 p. Sheffield, England: Published in association with the American Schools of Oriental Research by the Almond Press, 1983. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004735337.
Grant, Elihu, and William Foxwell Albright. The Haverford Symposium on Archaeology and the Bible. Biblical and Kindred Studies, No. 6, Haverford College, 5 l., 245 p. New Haven, Conn.: American schools of oriental research, 1938. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005766436.

Grant, Elihu, and Ephraim Avidgdor Speiser. Beth Shemesh, 1928 [by] Elihu Grant. Preliminary Excavations at Tepe Gawra [by] Ephraim A. Speiser. Preliminary Excavations at Tepe Gawra, 94 p. New Haven: Published by the American Schools of Oriental Research under the Jane Dows Nies Publication Fund, 1929. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006040903.
Green, Alberto Ravinell Whitney. The Role of Human Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East. Dissertation Series ; No. 1, xvi, 383 p. Missoula, Mont.: Published by Scholars Press for the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1975. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000684208.
Herscher, Ellen., George Robert Rapp, and Stuart. Swiny. Sotira Kaminoudhia: An Early Bronze Age Site in Cyprus. Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute Monograph Series ;v. 4, xxviii, 600 p., [2] folded leaves of plates. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2003. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004313290.
Joint Expedition of the Baghdad School, the University Museum, and Dropsie College, Arthur John Tobler, and E. A. Speiser. Excavations at Tepe Gawra. American School of Oriental Research in Baghdad. Publications of the Baghdad School. Excavations, 2 v. Philadelphia: Published for the American Schools of Oriental Research by University of Pennsylvania Press, 1935–1950. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001241491.
King, Philip J. American Archaeology in the Mideast: A History of the American Schools of Oriental Research. xiv, 291 p. Philadelphia: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1983. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006041291.
Kraeling, Carl H., American Schools of Oriental Research, British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem., and Yale University. Gerasa, City of the Decapolis; an Account Embodying the Record of a Joint Excavation Conducted by Yale University and the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem (1928-1930), and Yale University and the American Schools of Oriental Research (1930-1931, 1933-1934). xxxii, 616 p. New Haven, Conn.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1938. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001242330.
Lapp, Nancy L. Preliminary Excavation Reports and Other Archaeological Investigations: Tell Qarqur, Iron I Sites in the North-Central Highlands of Palestine. Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 56, 218 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2003. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006040905.
Lapp, Nancy L., and Edward Fay. Campbell. Shechem IV: The Persian-Hellenistic Pottery of Shechem/Tell Balâṭah. Shechem Four, xiv, 337 p. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2008. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006815103.
Lapp, Paul W. Palestinian Ceramic Chronology. 231 p. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1961. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007479587.
Lehmann, Clayton Miles, and Kenneth G. Holum. The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima. Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, Excavation Reports ;vol. 5, xx, 292 p., clxxi p. of plates. Boston, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2000. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004200948.
Levine, Lee I., and Jewish Theological Seminary of America. The Synagogue in Late Antiquity. xiii, 218 p. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1987. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000843542.
MacDonald, Burton. The Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey 1999-2001, West-Central Jordan. American Schools of Oriental Research Archaeological Reports ;no. 08, xvi, 435 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2004. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005411693.
Matthews, Victor Harold. Pastoral Nomadism in the Mari Kingdom (ca. 1830-1760 B.C.). Dissertation Series (American Schools of Oriental Research)no. 3, xiii, 213 p., [1] leaf of plates. Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1978. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000710414.
Matthews, Victor Harold., Douglas R. Clark, and American Schools of Oriental Research. One Hundred Years of American Archaeology in the Middle East: Proceedings of the American Schools of Oriental Research Centennial Celebration, Washington DC, April 2000. 100 Years of American Archaeology in the Middle East, xvii, 448 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2003. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004741886.
McCollough, C. Thomas., Douglas R. Edwards, and Eric M. Meyers. The Archaeology of Difference: Gender, Ethnicity, Class and the “Other” in Antiquity: Studies in Honor of Eric M. Meyers. Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 60/61, xiii, 416 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2007. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005572982.
McCown, Chester Charlton, William Frederic Badè, Joseph. Wampler, American Schools of Oriental Research., and Calif.) Pacific School of Religion (Berkeley. Tell En-Nasbeh Excavated under the Direction of the Late William Frederic Badè. 2 v. Berkeley Calif.: The Palestine Institute of Pacific School of Religion and The American Schools of Oriental Research, 1947. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001242444.
Meyers, Eric M., Gabriela. Bijovsky, and Carol L. Meyers. Excavations at Ancient Nabratein: Synagogue and Environs. Meiron Excavation Project ;v. 6, xx, 470 p. Winona Lake, Ind.: Published for the American Schools of Oriental Research by Eisenbrauns, 2009. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006874738.
Moore, Charlotte B., and Cambridge Archaeology Seminar. Reconstructing Complex Societies: An Archaeological Colloquium Organized for the Cambridge Archaeology Seminar by Miranda C. Marvin, Lawrence E. Stager, Anita M. Walker. Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research ; No. 20, x, 170 p. Cambridge, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research], 1974. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007106588.
Nakhai, Beth Alpert. Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel. ASOR Books ;v. 7, xii, 262 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2001. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004204641.
Nakhai, Beth Alpert, and William G. Dever. The Near East in the Southwest: Essays in Honor of William G. Dever. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 58, xiii, 184 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2003. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008567362.
Neugebauer, O., Albrecht Götze, Abraham Joseph Sachs, and American Schools of Oriental Research. Mathematical Cuneiform Texts. American Oriental Series.v. 29, x, 177 p. New Haven, Conn.: Pub. jointly by the American Oriental society and the American schools of Oriental research, 1945. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000167366.
Orlinsky, Harry Meyer. An Indexed Bibliography of the Writings of William Foxwell Albright: Published in Honor of His Fiftieth Birthday by a Committee of His Former Students. xxii, 66 p. New Haven, Conn.: Distributed by the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1941. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001180132.
Parker, S. Thomas. Romans and Saracens: A History of the Arabian Frontier. Dissertation Series / American Schools of Oriental Research ;no. 6, xiii, 247 p. Philadelphia, Pa. : Winona Lake, IN: American Schools of Oriental Research ; Distributed by Eisenbrauns, 1986. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002897922.
Porada, Edith. Seal Impressions of Nuzi. American Schools of Oriental Research. Annual,v. 24, 1944-1945, viii, 138 p. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1947. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001963015.
Pritchard, James B., and American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. The Excavation at Herodian Jericho, 1951. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research,v.32-33 for 1952-1954, xiii, 58 p. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1958. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006783247.
Chalcolithic Cyprus. 175 p. Malibu, Calif. : S.l.: J. Paul Getty Museum ; American Schools of Oriental Research, 1991. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002635480.
Rast, Walter E., Albert E. Glock, American Schools of Oriental Research., and Mo.) Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis. Taanach I: Studies in the Iron Age Pottery. Excavation Reports, xvi, 283 p. Cambridge, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1978. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001825022.
Serwint, Nancy J., and Diane R. Bolger. Engendering Aphrodite: Women and Society in Ancient Cyprus. CAARI Monographs ;v. 3, xvi, 457 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2002. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004292977.
Smith, Joanna S. Views from Phlamoudhi, Cyprus. Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;v. 63, xiii, 145 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2008. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006781129.
Speiser, E. A. Introduction to Hurrian. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research ;vol. 20, xxx, 230 p. New Haven: Pub. by the American schools of Oriental research under the Jane Dows Nies publication fund, 1941. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006040904.
Stieglitz, R. Raphael., and Ya’el D. Arnon. Tel Tanninim: Excavations at Krokodeilon Polis, 1996-1999. American Schools of Oriental Research Archeological Reports ;no. 10, xv, 255 p. Boston, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2006. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005404481.
Swiny, Stuart. The Earliest Prehistory of Cyprus: From Colonization to Exploitation. Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute Monograph Series ;v. 2, xiv, 171 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2001. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004232160.
Urice, Stephen K., and American Schools of Oriental Research. Qasr Kharana in the Transjordan. xviii, 183 p. Durham, N.C.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1987. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006260735.
Walls, Neal H. Cult Image and Divine Representation in the Ancient Near East. American Schools of Oriental Research Books Series ;no. 10, xvii, 115 p. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2005. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005412012.
———. Desire, Discord, and Death: Approaches to Ancient Near Eastern Myth. ASOR Books ;v. 8, viii, 211 p. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research, 2001. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004204640.
White, L. Michael. Building God’s House in the Roman World: Architectural Adaptation among Pagans, Jews, and Christians. ASOR Library of Biblical and Near Eastern Archaeology, xv, 211 p. Baltimore, Md.: Published for the American Schools of Oriental Research by Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002063962.
Zeiger, Marion., Walter E. Rast, and American Schools of Oriental Research. Preliminary Reports of ASOR-Sponsored Excavations, 1982-89. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. Supplement,0003-097X ;no. 27, 154 p. Baltimore, Md.: Published by Johns Hopkins University Press for the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1991. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002473991.
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Mapping the Ancient Jewish Diaspora: 117-650 ce

 [First posted in AWOL 5 August 2015, updated 19 September 2018]

Mapping the Ancient Jewish Diaspora: 117-650 ce
מיפוי התפוצה היהודית בשלהי העת העתיקה 117-650 לס' 
http://diaspora.haifa.ac.il/images/strip-eng.jpg http://diaspora.haifa.ac.il/images/strip-heb.jpg
This project aim to construct an interactive website that will map the Jewish Diaspora in the late antiquity.

 The terminus a quo for the proposed research is the Diaspora uprisings against Trajan (115–117) and the ensuing shifts in Jewish life, one of which was the harsh blows experienced by some of the major centers of Jewish settlement in the Diaspora, first and foremost, the Jews of Alexandria and its environs, and the Jews of Cyrenaica and Cyprus.
 The chosen terminus ad quem is the Arab conquest of North Africa and southwest Europe over the course of the seventh century, before the emergence of Jewish communities in Europe in the Early Middle Ages

On the first phase of the project the foundings will be concentrated on the site. later they will be uploaded evidence to a GIS software that allows search by various parameters.

The project is coordinated by Dr. Eyal Ben-Eliyahu from the Department of History at the University of Haifa, Israel.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

What the heck is the “Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae” of ps.Athanasius??

Enthusiasts for the authenticity of the “Three Heavenly Witnesses” passage in 1 John 5:7 are well aware that no Greek manuscript contains it.  But as I remarked in a previous post, they point to a work by Athanasius, the Synposis Scripturae Sacrae (“Summary of the Holy Scriptures”) as evidence that it was part of the text in his day.  But what on earth is this work?  And how has it reached us, and what scholarship has been done upon it?

Let’s look at how we got this text, and then we can talk about what it contains.

The work is listed in the Clavis Patrum Graecorum under CPG 2249.  It has reached us in a single manuscript, which remained unknown until 1895, hidden in the prestigious surroundings of Eton College, where it has the shelfmark Codex Etonensis 144 (formerly B. l. 5. 13).  J. Armitage Robinson published it in that year in Texts and Studies 3, “Euthaliana”, p.106-120, with a collation of the manuscript against the PG text.[1]  The manuscript was written by Ducas the Notary, among others, at the end of the 14th or start of the 15th century.

Other manuscripts seem to exist. The Pinakes database gives a list, which contains four manuscripts that look like full-length texts: Tübingen Mb 10 (16th c.), Vienna theol. gr. 249 (16th c.) and two 18th century Greek manuscripts – but I am not aware of any publication that deals with them.

The work was first published by P. Felckmann in Operum sancti patris nostri Athanasii archiepiscopi Alexandrini, t. II, Heidelberg 1600, p. 61-136, with a Latin translation by Wolfgang Musculus.[2]  Regular readers will remember Musculus from my post Apocryphal and then some: The so-called “Synopsis” of so-called Dorotheus of Tyre.  The Eton manuscript bears the marks of use as an exemplar for this edition.  But the manuscript then disappeared, and all subsequent editions based themselves on Felckmann.  Here’s the start of Felckmann’s text:

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae in Felkmann’s edition of Athanasius (1600).

The text was edited again by Montfaucon, and reprinted by J.-P. Migne in the Patrologia Graeca vol. 28, cols. 281-438.  There is no critical edition of the text, and the only translation is that of Musculus into Latin.  The opening section of the work has been translated into English by Michael D. Marlowe and placed online here.

Studies of the work have been few.  The only serious study, until a decade ago, was undertaken by Theodor Zahn in Geschichte des neutestamentlichen Kanons, 1890, Band 2, Hälfte 1, p.302-318.[3]

Zahn established that the work is not an original literary composition.  Rather it is a collection of materials about the books of the bible and their contents, assembled from pre-existing sources in a pretty raw manner.  The work contradicts itself; at one time it describes the Old Testament apocrypha as useful for reading; at another it states that they are not to be read.

The work has always been recognised as spurious.  Montfaucon in his preface listed some reasons why:

  •  No work of this title is attributed to Athanasius in any ancient or medieval source.  We have detailed lists of his work in Jerome (de viris illustribus 87) and Photius (codd. 32, 139, 140).
  •  It is not found with any other work of Athanasius in the manuscript.
  •  It contradicts what Athanasius says about the canon in his 39th Festal Letter, and ignores the Shepherd of Hermas, so dear to Athanasius’ heart.

The Synopsis takes material from the genuine Festal Letter 39.  A section on the translation of the Old Testament is taken word-for-word from Epiphanius.  Another section belongs to the strange book of Josephus Christianus.  The content for Leviticus, Paralip., Esra, Prov., Job, Esther, Judith, Tobit, Sapientia Sal. is almost literally identical with corresponding sections of the Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae of ps.Chrysostom, another confused text of the same genre, which appears to be older than the ps.Athanasius.

Zahn concludes:

We cannot give be more precise on the period when the Athanasian Synopsis was written. For the time being there is nothing to be found in the relation to Josephus Christianus; for 1) the original affiliation with the parallel section on synopsis is highly doubtful, 2) that Josephus, whose work is nothing more than a compilation of very different books, may as well have drawn this passage from our synopsis, but conversely, 3) the time of Josephus is a very unknown or at least uncertain thing.

The dependence of our synopsis on that of Chrysostom, on the 39th festal letter of Athanasius, on a fifth-century Palestinian canon, and probably also on Epiphanius, places us in a monastery or church library in which these diverse spirits were united as equally venerable authorities.

The compilation certainly did not come into existence before the sixth century, perhaps even later.[4]

Zahn wrote more than a century ago, and nobody has ventured to touch the work since.  The only subsequent work is by Gilles Dorival in 2005, but this I have not seen and know only from a review.[5]

Work has been done on the related ps.Chrysostom Synopsis.  But that’s another story.

The text is related in some way to the Euthalian materials which appear in the margins and between books in medieval Greek bible manuscripts.  So we are dealing with a mass of non-literary material about the bible, changed by every hand that touched it, incarnate in a variety of versions, and attributed to a variety of authors, none of them genuine.  It’s really very like the Vitae Prophetarum Fabulosa that we encountered in ps.Dorotheus.

  1. [1]Online here.
  2. [2]Online here.
  3. [3]Online here.
  4. [4]Genauere Bestimmungen über die Abfassungszeit der athanasianischen Synopsis wage ich nicht zu geben. Auf das Verhältnis derselben zu Josephus Christianus ist vorläufig nichts zu gründen; denn 1) ist die ursprüngliche Zugehörigkeit des mit diesem parallelen Abschnitts zur Synopsis höchst zweifelhaft, 2) kann jener Josephus, dessen Arbeit nichts als eine Compilation aus sehr verschiedenen Büchern ist, diesen Abschnitt ebensogut aus unserer Synopsis geschöpft haben, als umgekehrt, 3) ist die Zeit jenes Josephus eine sehr unbekannte oder doch unsichere Sache. Die Abhängigkeit unserer Synopsis von derjenigen des Chrysostomus, vom 39. Festbrief des Athanasius, ferner von einem palästinensischen Kanon vielleicht des 5. Jahrhunderts und wahrscheinlich auch von Epiphanius versetzt uns in eine Kloster- oder Kirchenbibliothek, in welcher diese verschiedenartigen Geister als gleich ehrwürdige Auktoritäten vereinigt waren. Vor dem 6. Jahrhundert ist die Compilation gewiß nicht entstanden, vielleicht noch später.
  5. [5]Gilles Dorival, “L’apport des Synopses transmises sous le nom d’Athanase et de Jean Chrysostome à la question du Corpus Littéraire de la Bible?”, In : Gilles Dorival (ed.), Qu’est-ce qu’un Corpus Littéraire ? Recherches sur le corpus biblique et les corpus patristiques, Paris-Louvain-Dudley, 2005, p. 53-93; and a further article 94-108. Reviews on Persee here, which reads “G. Dorival (pp. 53-93), dans un texte très dense, fouillé même, dont notre résumé ne rend qu’imparfaitement compte, traite de l’apport des «synopses» de la Bible transmises sous les noms d’Athanase et de Jean Chrysostome à la connaissance de la constitution des corpus néo- et vétéro-testamentaires. La première est connue par quatre manuscrits divergents entre eux ; G.D. en nie l’authenticité, contre Montfaucon, pour en situer la rédaction entre le début du Ve siècle et la fin du vie ; le classement y est fait selon trois « genres » : historique, exhortatif et prophétique. La seconde, rédigée entre 500 et 600 et faussement attribuée à Athanase, n’est plus conservée que dans un seul manuscrit (cod. Eton. B 1 5 13) ; elle distingue entre les livres canoniques et les livres lus (άναγιγνωσκόμενα), et propose une liste des livres contestés (αντιλεγόμενα) et des apocryphes (απόκρυφα) qui ne correspond pas à la distinction précédemment établie. Dans une seconde étude (p. 95-108), G. Dorival s’intéresse à la synopse contenue dans le codex Barberinianus gr. 317, qui dépend en grande partie des deux synopses étudiées plus haut, mais qui offrent aussi quelques traits originaux, qui font regretter qu’elle n’ait pas été étudiée pour elle-même par les canonistes.”

1 John 5:7 in the fourth century? Theodore, Diodorus, the Suda, and Byzantine punctuation

From 1 John chapter 5 (KJV):

This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.

For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

1 John 5:7, the Comma Johanneum, has disappeared from our modern bibles, and probably rightly.  It is not found in any Greek manuscript prior to 1500, and it seems to be a marginal comment that found its way into the Latin bible.  This text critical evidence tells us that it formed no part of the original Greek text[1].  Theologically it is usually assumed or presumed that any additions or changes to the original Greek text are the work of men, rather than God, and are therefore not legitimately part of the divinely inspired text.  So on neither count should it appear in our bibles.

Incidentally let us never forget that text critical arguments and theological arguments are not the same thing.

However 1 John 5:7 still has its defenders today, and one of them wrote to me recently with an interesting query.  Michael Hollner had come across a defence of the authenticity of the passage written by a certain Ben David in 1825.  In this appears the claim that Theodore of Mopsuestia referenced 1 John 5:7.  Being an honest man, he wanted to know if this was actually true.

The pamphlet of 70 pages was entitled Three Letters Addressed to the Editor of The Quarterly Review, in which is Demonstrated the Genuineness of the Three Heavenly Witnesses – I John v. 7, and published in London.  “Ben David” was actually a unitarian minister named John Jones.[2] No doubt he felt that the high churchmen of the Quarterly Review might suspect a prank from a unitarian minister.

My correspondent’s quotation was itself corrupt and confusing.  It is always good policy to go to the original source, and so doing clarified much.

There is a digitised version of David’s pamphlet at Archive.org, and I have placed it here.  I think it is on Google Books; but I have not been able to locate it.  Here’s the passage:

Theodorus, the master of Chrysostom and a contemporary of the emperor Julian, as we learn from Suidas, wrote “A Treatise on one God in the Trinity, from the Epistle of John the Evangelist” Eis ten Epistolen Ioannou tou Euaggelistou peri tou eis Theos en Triadi. This is a remarkable testimony, as it implies the existence and notoriety of the verse about the middle of the fourth century. At that period, a writer of celebrity erects upon it the doctrine of a trinity in unity; which surely he would hardly have done, if any suspicion of its authenticity had been entertained by him, or by any other person of that age. Besides, the turn of the expression, as it supposes what was grounded on the verse to be grounded also on the whole Epistle, supposes the Epistle and the verse, in respect to their purport and authenticity, to stand exactly on the same foundation. (See Suidas on the word Diodoros.)

A quick look at the Suda online (we do not refer to “Suidas” these days) shows that Ben David made an error; it is not “Theodorus”, i.e. Theodore of Mopsuestia, but Diodorus of Tarsus who is in question here.

Diodorus is a shadowy figure to us today, because all of his immense output has perished.  Fragments exist, and attempts have been made to collect them, with limited success.  But a list of works exists in the Suda, as Ben David rightly says, in section delta 1149.

Ben David’s claim, therefore, is that Diodorus of Tarsus wrote a work entitled On the epistle of the evangelist John concerning one God in three, which is listed under that title in the Suda  (The subsidiary claim, that this must then refer to 1 John 5:7 is not our concern here).  But did he?

Here is the entry from the Suda online, based on the Adler edition of the 1930s which is sadly inaccessible to me:

Διόδωρος, μονάζων, ἐν τοῖς χρόνοις Ἰουλιανοῦ καὶ Οὐάλεντος ἐπισκοπήσας Ταρσῶν τῆς Κιλικίας. οὗτος ἔγραψεν, ὥς φησι Θεόδωρος Ἀναγνώστης ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησιαστικῇ ἱστορίᾳ, διάφορα. εἰσὶ δὲ τάδε: Ἑρμηνεῖαι εἰς τὴν παλαιὰν πᾶσαν: Γένεσιν, Ἔξοδον καὶ ἐφεξῆς: καὶ Εἰς Ψαλμούς: Εἰς τὰς δ# Βασιλείας: Εἰς τὰ ζητούμενα τῶν Παραλειπομένων, Εἰς τὰς Παροιμίας, Τίς διαφορὰ θεωρίας καὶ ἀλληγορίας, Εἰς τὸν Ἐκκλησιαστήν, Εἰς τὸ ᾆσμα τῶν ᾀσμάτων, Εἰς τοὺς προφήτας, Χρονικόν, διορθούμενον τὸ σφάλμα Εὐσεβίου τοῦ Παμφίλου περὶ τῶν χρόνων, Εἰς τὰ δ# Εὐαγγέλια, Εἰς τὰς πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, Εἰς τὴν ἐπιστολὴν Ἰωάννου τοῦ Εὐαγγελιστοῦ, Περὶ τοῦ, εἷς θεὸς ἐν τριάδι, Κατὰ Μελχισεδεκιτῶν, Κατὰ Ἰουδαίων, Περὶ νεκρῶν ἀναστάσεως, Περὶ ψυχῆς κατὰ διαφόρων περὶ αὐτῆς αἱρέσεων, Πρὸς Γρατιανὸν κεφάλαια, Κατὰ ἀστρονόμων καὶ ἀστρολόγων καὶ εἱμαρμένης, Περὶ σφαίρας καὶ τῶν ζ# ζωνῶν καὶ τῆς ἐναντίας τῶν ἀστέρων πορείας, Περὶ τῆς Ἱππάρχου σφαίρας, Περὶ προνοίας, Κατὰ Πλάτωνος περὶ θεοῦ καὶ θεῶν, Περὶ φύσεως καὶ ὕλης, ἐν ᾧ, τί τὸ δίκαιόν ἐστι, Περὶ θεοῦ καὶ ὕλης Ἑλληνικῆς πεπλασμένης, Ὅτι αἱ ἀόρατοι φύσεις οὐκ ἐκ τῶν στοιχείων, ἀλλ’ ἐκ μηδενὸς μετὰ τῶν στοιχείων ἐδημιουργήθησαν, Πρὸς Εὐφρόνιον φιλόσοφον κατὰ πεῦσιν καὶ ἀπόκρισιν, Κατὰ Ἀριστοτέλους περὶ σώματος οὐρανίου, Πῶς θερμὸς ὁ ἥλιος, Κατὰ τῶν λεγόντων ζῷον τὸν οὐρανόν, Περὶ τοῦ πῶς ἀεὶ μὲν ὁ δημιουργός, οὐκ ἀεὶ δὲ τὰ δημιουργήματα, Πῶς τὸ θέλειν καὶ τὸ μὴ θέλειν ἐπὶ θεοῦ ἀϊδίου ὄντος, Κατὰ Πορφυρίου περὶ ζῴων καὶ θυσιῶν.

[sc. At first] a monk, [sc. but later] in the times of Julian and Valens[1] bishop of Tarsus of Cilicia. He wrote a variety of things, as Theodore Lector[2] says in his Ecclesiastical History. They are as follows: Interpretations on the entire Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, and so forth; and On the Psalms; On the Four Books of the Kingdoms;[3] On Inquiries into the Books of Chronicles, On the Proverbs, What is the Difference between Exposition[4] and Allegory, On Ecclesiastes, On the Song of Songs, On the Prophets, Chronology, straightening out the error of Eusebius [the spiritual son] of Pamphilos[5] about the times, On the Four Gospels, On the Acts of the Apostles, On the Epistle of John the Evangelist, About the One God in Three, Against the Melchisedekites,[6] Against the Jews, About the Resurrection of the Dead, About the Soul against the Various Heresies Concerning It, Chapters to Gratian,[7] Against Astronomers and Astrologers and Fate, About the Sphere and the Seven Zones and of the Contrary Motion of the Stars, About Hipparchus'[8] Sphere, About Providence, Against Plato on God and the Gods, On Nature and Matter, in which is “What is the Just,” Concerning God and the Falsely Imagined Matter of the Greeks, That the Unseen Natures are not from the Elements but Were Made from Nothing along with the Elements, To the Philosopher Euphronius[9] by way of Question and Answer, Against Aristotle concerning Celestial Body, How Hot is the Sun, Against Those Who Say the Heaven is a Living Being, Concerning the Question of How the Creator is Forever but the Created is Not, How is there the Capacity to Will and to be Unwilling in the God who is Eternal, Against Porphyry[10] about Animals and Sacrifices.

But as we can instantly see, the Suda online edition introduces a comma, making two works where Ben David reads one.

Ben David is not making this up.  On the contrary, he is using a contemporary edition.  The Latin side of that does the same, as this image sent in by my correspondent makes plain: “In Epistolam Joannis evangelistae, de hoc quod unus est Deus in Trinitate”; but the Greek, note, has punctuation between the two.  It’s hard to say what edition Ben David used, of course – this is the Patrologia Graeca, reprinting an earlier edition.The Greek text is punctuated.  So the question then becomes… are the manuscripts punctuated?

Fortunately a 15th century manuscript is online, British Library Additional 11892.  The headwords are indicated by an initial red letter, although curiously the “diodoros” is not clear in the image – look at the left margin, line 2.  The relevant section is on folio 202r:

So we see… again it is punctuated.  These are two titles, not one.

The use of a single point as a divison mark is older than the 10th century, when the Suda was composed.  So there is little doubt that the author so punctuated his text.

Sadly for my friend, therefore, this particular argument fails.  The Suda does NOT say that Diodorus wrote a work on the epistle of John on one God in Trinity.

UPDATE: A kind gentleman has sent in the page of Adler’s edition.  Our bit is lines 10-11.

  1. [1]General article <a href=https://bible.org/article/textual-problem-1-john-57-8>here</a>.
  2. [2]Wikipedia article on this interesting man here.

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Digital Approaches to Teaching the Ancient Mediterranean: Dissecting Digital Divides

Next month, I’m giving a paper at a conference called “Digital Approaches to Teaching the Ancient Mediterranean” and hosted by NYU’s Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. It’s title is “Dissecting Digital Divides: Teaching, Writing, and Making Knowledge of the Mediterranean Past.”

Right now, I only have a title and the dread feeling that I really have nothing significant to say about digital approaches to teaching the Ancient Mediterranean. 

I do, of course, have a little swarm of unrelated ideas and a strong yearning to be the kind of senior professor who can give a paper on three of four random things to a rapt audience. (Rather than feeling like an undergraduate who is trying to recycle the same three ideas that I’ve had since 2004 into another paper and hoping that nobody notices!).

So here are my ideas.

1. Digital Divide. There’s been a good bit of scholarship on the digital divide in secondary and higher education. The digital divide, in its most basic form, argues that a significant divide exists between those who use and have access to digital technologies and those who do not. This divide usually mapped along social, economic, and regional lines. Rural states, like North Dakota, tend to fall on one side of the digital divide especially when access to broadband internet is concerned, but I’d also argue —at least anecdotally— that students at UND are generally less technologically savvy and comfortable in digital environments than their more affluent and more suburban counterparts elsewhere in the U.S. 

I need to get data for this, but just observing my classes over the last few semesters, I continue to be struck by the significant number of students for whom technology is not a constant companion. Many of my students do not bring their laptops to class regularly, for example. In a recent field project that involved using mobile phones to take video, a number of students had such outdated phones that they could not accommodate more than short video clips; one student had a flip phone. While it was easy enough to negotiate the different access to technology, it remains clear that the digital divide—in terms of hardware—remains firmly in place. (A recently updated “smart classroom” with a series of small group work stations relies on students to use their own laptops too access the large, shared monitor. This seems like an optimistic implementation of technology.)   

Access to the right hardware, however, is only part of the digital divide. Over the last decade of teaching at UND, it has become clear to me that something as simple as a broken hyperlink or a pdf document oriented the wrong way, represents a significant barrier to accessing information. A significant group of students lack the standard tool kit of web “work arounds” that range from savvy web searches to negotiating the standard elements of user interfaces across multiple software. Even something as simple as using a mobile device as a quick and dirty scanner or looking for an article on Academia.edu or institutional repositories that they can’t access at UND remains on the fringes of their practice (even when such approaches are modeled in class).     

In my larger Scale-Up style class where groups of 9 work together to produce text, it was pretty apparent that even relatively simply digital interfaces – like editable Wikis or shared documents in Google or Microsoft 365 – caused myriad small scale obstacles that frustrated students and complicated group work. 

2. Prosumer and Consumers. My experience teaching at UND has suggested that access to hardware and familiarity with software (and these often go hand-in-hand) sketches one level of the digital divide and contributes to the existence of the “second level digital divide.” The second level divide maps the difference between individuals who are consumers of digital material on the web and those who are so-called “prosumers” of digital and web-based content. I contend that this second level divide is far more problematic that the first level divide for implementing digital approaches to teaching and, as a result, I have dedicated more time to cultivating prosumer culture among my students and demonstrating how digital tools facilitate certain kinds of collective knowledge making.

I will admit that my general approach is a naive one. I continue to have a certain amount of faith that the last unfettered wilds of the internet hold out a glimmer of hope for a society that is far more likely to be shackled, monitored, and manipulated by technology than liberated by it. I want my students to understand the power of Wikipedia, the ecosystem that produced the growing number of open educational resources and good quality open access software, and the potential, if not unproblematic character, of maker culture, and be prepared to contribute to it. 

On the other hand, I also understand that most aspects of prosumer culture have been coopted by the usual suspects of capitalism, exploitation, sexism, racism, and technological solutionism. By producing new knowledge, creative works, and tools, we are also likely to be producing profits for transnational corporations who are as comfortable limiting access to our own work as they are preventing us from foment even very small revolutions that cannot be monetized. As the kids say: “the revolution will now be monetized.”   

I still have hope, though, and at very least I want to work to undermine still-persistent attitudes that certain incredibly exploitative industries (like textbook publishing) represent a meaningful source of authority in the time of Wikipedia. 

3. The Other Digital Divide. History students obsess over and are baffled by the distinction between primary and secondary sources. For students of the ancient Mediterranean, their consternation is understandable and useful in unpacking the relative uselessness of this distinction among practicing historians. A source is a source and only primary or secondary in relation to its use. 

Practicing archaeologists sometimes find ourselves in the same bind, of course. The divide between “data” and “interpretation,” for example, coincides with the primary and secondary source divide among historians. The persistence of terms like “raw data” (which I think is enjoying a well-deserved retirement from use) reveals an understanding of archaeological knowledge making the divides data from interpretation. It seems to me that digital data makes this divide all the more convenient in part because the data itself appears so distinct from interpretative texts, and partly because digging down into the data represents a useful play on the modernist assumption that excavation (literally or metaphorically) provides access to a view of the past less encumbered by present interpretation. While intellectually, we may understand this divide as naive—as generations of archaeologists who celebrate reflexivity and methodology has taught us, we nevertheless tend to lean on the distinction between data and interpretation to frame our conversations. Endless references to archaeological data populate academic conferences, publications, and, I suspect, our teaching. For students who continue to want to see “facts” as the antidote to “fake news,” the transparent use of data appears to be a compelling ontological tonic for their epistemological anxiety. 

To my mind, this digital divide is every bit a pernicious as the other digital divides described in this post. In fact, it might be more dangerous in the era of “Big Data” than the other digital divides because it tends to see data as holding a particular kind of fundamental and inescapable authority in how it describes the world.  

4. Prosumption Critique. For the last 5 years, I’ve taught a large, Introduction to Western Civilization class at the University of North Dakota in a Scale-Up style classroom. The class generally enrolled 150-180 students and the room was set up for them to sit around round, 9-person tables. Each table had three laptops connected to a monitor and also came with a whiteboard and a microphone for the students to play with when bored. A central teaching station allowed me to observe most of the groups and to project content from the tables onto four large projection screens in the corners of the room.

The design of the room encouraged students work together and at least in theory sought to mitigate the hardware aspects of the digital divide by ensuring that at least three students had access to a laptop. In the most common implementations of this design, a student or students worked as the scribe for the table on a provided laptop or students worked in smaller groups, three to a laptop, sometimes installed with appropriate software for the task at hand. While I did not formally leverage the practical aspects of three-laptop design, it did work to mitigate the uneven access to technology among my students.

The class sought to mitigate the “second level digital divide” by encouraging students too critically work as prosumers of educational content. In practice, this involved having the students write a Western Civilization textbook with each table working on a series of chapters that would come together at the end fo the class as a completed book. This task encouraged students to recognize the value of their own voice, critical abilities, and their ability (and maybe even responsibility) to produce their own historical narratives and analysis. It also subverts some of the economic and political power of textbook publishers, although, I do ask them to buy a used copy of an older version of a textbook as a model.

Finally, the students start with more or less a blank document. I do not provide an approved list of primary or secondary sources or even offer much in the way of a critical guide to navigating the internet. Most students get that journal articles are “better” than random webpages (of uncertain authorship and content), that Wikipedia is a good place to glean chronology, geography, and additional sources, and that historical arguments are only as good as the sources they identify to build their arguments. If they can’t find good evidence for an argument, then no amount of rhetorical savvy is likely to make it compelling.


At the same time, this approach de-emphasizes the idea that there is a body of data “out there” ready for consumption, analysis, and interpretation. Instead, it encourages the students to see the body of useful evidence and data as the product of their research questions and priorities. The “raw material” of history is not something that is “mined” for knowledge, but something that’s built up as evidence FOR arguments about the past. 

In an era where relational data is literally being treated and traded as a commodity, it is hardly surprising that we envision knowledge making as a kind of extractive industry (and, here, I’m thinking of a paper that I recall my colleague Sheila Liming giving a few years back on the metaphor of “data mining” and “text mining”) rather than, say, performative or generative. It seems to me that encouraging students to be critical and conscientious prosumers of historical knowledge offers a little space to push back on both the economic and intellectual (or at very least metaphorical or rhetorical) underpinnings of our digital world.     


Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Conferenza Internazionale - Patrimonio culturale digitale per collegare l’Europa e proporre nuove opportunità di conoscenza e ricerca


Si terrà a Roma l’8 ottobre la conferenza internazionale “Costruire la storia del nostro futuro: il patrimonio culturale digitale per nuove opportunità di conoscenza e ricerca”, organizzata dall’Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico delle Biblioteche Italiane (ICCU). L’evento, ospitato nella Sala Conferenze della Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, lancerà l’iniziativa “Luoghi della cultura digitale”, una settimana di incontri e laboratori che oltre alla capitale coinvolgerà anche Napoli, Firenze, Torino e Prato.

Online il primo annuario della formazione in ambito culturale


Dal 19 settembre è online il primo annuario che raccoglie tutte le offerte formative in ambito culturale: www.profilcultura-formazione.it. Il portale è pensato ad hoc per studenti e professionisti che vogliono sviluppare e integrare le loro competenze seguendo corsi di formazione specifici per ogni settore.

September 18, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

SCADS: Seleucid Coins Addenda System

SCADS: Seleucid Coins Addenda System


In 2002 and 2008 the American Numismatic Society and Classical Numismatic Group published the two parts of Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalogue, by Arthur Houghton, Catharine Lorber, and Oliver Hoover. The first part, by Houghton and Lorber, presented and interpreted all the  numismatic material for Seleucus I to Antiochus III known up to 2002. The second part, by Houghton, Lorber, and Hoover, did the same for the Seleucid kings from Seleucus IV to  Antiochus XIII. In total, more than 2,491 primary coin types were published in these volumes.
No sooner had these important books come out in print than new types and varieties began to appear at the rate of almost 100 a year. This rapid growth of material made necessary the development of a system that could keep up with the coins. The Seleucid Coins Addenda System (SCADS) is intended to provide online access to the new material that has appeared since 2008. As there is no indication that the flow of previously unrecorded types and varieties will stop anytime soon, it is expected that the SCADS database will continue to grow over time. Interested parties will be instantly notified of new additions to the database through alerts on Facebook, Twitter, and direct email subscription.

The coins in the SCADS database are categorized by ruler, making it easy for users to find all new entries for a particular king with a single click. Extensive tagging of entry content allows for full searchability. Thus, for example, a user interested in all new material depicting Apollo  would simply enter “Apollo” as the search criterion and SCADS would provide all the relevant entries. If a user was interested only in Apollo on issues of bronze denomination C, “denomination C” could be added to narrow down the search. The coins in the database have all been given a unique catalogue number (SCADS1, SCADS2, SCADS3, etc.) for ease of reference, but these only reflect the order of entry and are not tied to the numbering system used in the Seleucid Coins volumes.

New Open Access Monograph Series: Teiresias Supplements Online

Teiresias Supplements Online
Page Header
Teiresias Supplements Online (ISBN) is an open access venue for the publication of high-end research in Classical Studies. Supplementing the journal Teiresias Online Review and Bibliography of Boiotian Studies, the mission of the series is to foster research on Central Greece and its core region Boiotia. At the same time, the supplements have a wider geographical range, branching out into the history and culture of the Greek mainland and the Peloponnese, from the Bronze Age to Late Antiquity. 

Publications appear as peer-reviewed monographs or edited volumes, with extensive coverage of scholarship in Ancient History, Classical Philology, Archaeology, and Epigraphy. The series also invites submissions in related special disciplines such as, for instance, Historical Topography, Onomastics, Prosopography, or Environmental History. 
The journal Teiresias continues to be distributed free of charge ever since its inception and, since 1991, has also been made available electronically. Teiresias Supplements Online is faithful to this spirit of knowledge advancement. The series makes a bold, pioneering move in the publication of specialized Humanities research. Available in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and maintaining the highest standard of peer-review, the supplement series reduces price barriers and delays in the production process, while allowing authors to maintain copyright over their intellectual output. This includes the upload of contributions to academic platforms such as academia.edu, if authors wish to do so. Click here for further copyright information. Participating in the DOAJ also ensures that publications in Teiresias Supplements Online are indexed and searchable on platforms like Google scholar. As open access supplements, the series embraces a sustainable publishing model that benefits researchers and their multiple audiences. 

Teiresias Supplements Online is a publication out of McGill University in Montreal. It offers a swift two-step reviewing process. A detailed proposal will be examined in the first instance by the advisory board, and, if successful, the editors will welcome the submission of the whole manuscript for peer-reviewing. All inquiries and submissions should be directed to the series editors.
Latest Volume 2018

Vol 1: Megarian Moments. The Local World of an Ancient Greek City-State. Edited by Hans Beck and Philip J. Smith

Full Issue

View or download the full issue PDF

Table of Contents


Front Matter
Hans Beck
Hans Beck, McGill University, Montreal
Sheila Ager, University of Waterloo
Kevin Solez, MacEwan University, Edmonton
Klaus Freitag, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aachen
Elke Stein-Hölkeskamp, Universität Duisburg-Essen
David Yates, Millsaps College, Jackson
Jonathan Reeves, McMaster University, Hamilton
Daniel Tober, Fordham University, New York
Philip J. Smith, McGill University, Montreal
Alex McAuley, Cardiff University
Matthias Haake, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster
Franco De Angelis, University of British Columbia
Adrian Robu, Université de Fribourg

And see AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Programma Technology for All 2018: 3-5 Ottobre, Istituto Superiore Antincendi dei VVF a Roma


Dal 3 al 5 ottobre prossimi tornerà “Technology for All", quinta edizione del Forum dedicato all’innovazione tecnologica per il territorio e l’ambiente, i beni culturali e le smart city.  L’evento si svolgerà a Roma presso l’Istituto Superiore Antincendi (ISA), la Scuola di alta qualificazione del Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco (situata in Via del Commercio 13, zona Ostiense/Piramide). Potrà trovare tutte le informazioni su www.technologyforall.it.

Tom Gewecke (Multilingual Mac)

iOS 12: New Language Features

+New definition dictionary for Hebrew, and bilingual dictionaries for Arabic/English and Hindi/English. +Siri translation of phrases in more languages, with support for over 40 language pairs +More natural and expressive voice for Irish English, S. African English, Danish, Norwegian, Cantonese, and Mandarin (Taiwan). Comments from readers welcome regarding any others.

Dan Cohen's Digital Humanities Blog

What’s New, Season Two

Last week we launched the second season of the What’s New podcast. My first guest was Dan Kennedy, who studies journalism and new media, and has a new book out on the changes happening right now to newspapers like the Washington Post. Dan’s got some great commentary on the difficulties of newspapers since the web emerged in the 1990s, the role of journalistic objectivity in the face of “fake news” criticism, and why someone like Jeff Bezos might want to buy the Post. His special focus on the future of news and newspapers is especially relevant right now. Do give it a listen.


I’m also really excited about our fall lineup, which includes Tina Eliassi-Rad talking about bias in artificial intelligence algorithms, Margaret Burnham on the Civil Rights and Restorative Justice project, and David Herlihy on the changes to the music industry in an age of streaming. In addition, close to the November election, former Governor Michael Dukakis will join us on the program.

To receive all of these shows and more, you can subscribe to What’s New on Apple Podcasts, Google Play, Stitcher, Overcast, or wherever you get your podcasts. Thanks in advance for tuning in—hope you enjoy the new season.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

new Trismegistos Texts, part 1

Trismegistos is happy to announce a further step towards a completely innovated online interface. This time we have tackled the core database, Trismegistos Texts. We have developed a new detail page that offers easier access to all related information (e.g. words, people, places, …). But we have also tackled our search page, and it should now be much easier to search for specific texts in Trismegistos. There is only a single field in which users can type publications sigels, inventory numbers or even names of texts (e.g. 'Rosetta Stone’ or ‘Charta Borgiana’). The algorithm in the background should ideally convert everything according to our conventions, or offer possible alternatives for typos etc. Although we hope to have implemented enough flexibility for users to find what they are looking for, we know that there is still much work to do. But we think it is a good step towards a tool that will be able to cope with any reference to a text, and which in the future we hope to offer as an API and use in the context of text mining or annotation in pdf’s.

Please note that for searches for sets of texts according to criteria you still have to use the old interface or approach the solution through related tables such as Places or Authors. We hope to get something up and running for sets of texts before long as well. 

For Trismegistos,

Yanne Broux (CSS, HTML, Javascript)
Mark Depauw (PHP, MySQL)

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Publishing Archaeology

Over the weekend, I read Amara Thorton’s Archaeologists in Print: Publishing for the People (UCL 2018). The book documents the efforts by late 19th and 20th century archaeologists to publish popular and accessible works on archaeology. She brings together these books with deep dives in the publishers’ and archaeologists’ archives and offers intriguing perspectives on how and why archaeologists worked with publishers to produce accessible, popular books that introduced the public to their sites, outlined the value of scientific practices, and allowed for more thoughtful tourism to the Eastern Mediterranean. 

More than that, it provided important insights into the professionalization of the discipline. Many of the characters of Thorton’s book were full-time, Mediterranean archaeologists who looked to popular publishing to fund their work both directly through the proceeds and by attracting subscribers to support their excavations. At the same time publishers recognized the potential audience for popular works on archaeology. An interest in archaeology paralleled the growing interest in travel and tourism among an expanding and literate middle class. The turn of the 20th century was also the start of a golden age of publishing in the UK where it was possible to produce, distribute, and sell low cost books. In short there existed the infrastructure, the audience and the motivation for popular works in archaeology. 

The book got me thinking about a few things as an archaeologist and a publisher. These are not meant to be critiques of the book, but rather reflections on whether the situation that Thorton documented in the early 20th century might have significance for 21st century academics. 

1. Popularizing Archaeology. Over the last decade, there has been more and more of a call for academics to produce popular works for the general public. While I’m not opposed to this idea, I’ve often thought that the recent pressure on academics – particularly in the humanities – to share their research in popular ways was out of step with the realities of academic work. For example, most academics do not have the time to pursue vigorously both research and popular writing. Both require more than just a casual commitment to the task to be successful. Secondly, producing high quality popular history or archaeology requires the commitment of publishers and editors to work with faculty to produce accessible works that will sell to audiences. Third, there has to be an audience for this work at a scale that is sustainable for the investment from publishers. Finally, such work needs to be institutionally incentivized because writing for the public will detract from our other responsibilities whether those are research or teaching or service.

Finally, and most importantly, calls for humanities scholars to be more engaged with the general public tend to overlook that full-time scholars in the humanities teach (or are in public facing positions at, say, museums or historical sites). In other words, we already make our work accessible on a daily basis to our students.

2. Funding the Future. It was particularly striking that relatively few of the authors in Thorton’s book had regular teaching positions. Some had research positions a museums or universities or other administrative posts to support their travels and work, but few had access to the resources that we have today. The motivation to publish for a popular audience was not, then, the recognition that the public deserved to understand the work of archaeologists, but rather often driven by financial necessity. With the rise of grant and institutionally funded research in the mid-20th century, the need to write for the public declined. 

In the 21st century, funding for research in archaeology and history looks to be an increasing challenge for academics. Not only are the number of tenure-track positions in decline (with their access both to institutional stability and the sustained investment in research), but research dollars from federal coffers (via the NEH and NSF, for example) increasingly scarce and competitive to acquire. On the one hand, this would appear to be the perfect opportunity for a new wave of popular archaeology to support research and scholarly writing. In fact, this kind of market-driven view of academic work seems to inform attitudes at the NEH and among university administrators. At its best, this would seem to suggest a more democratic approach to research.

On the other hand, this approach to funding research – or at least the view that accessibility should be a criteria for funding research – creates an arena where the market drives research as much as research questions and problems. Of course, this already occurs in the sciences, where applied research receives more funding than basic science, and that has shifted the character of university research. It would be intriguing (and to my mind, not entirely positive) to imagine how shifting attention to popular research in the humanities would shape the future discipline.

3. Possibilities of Publishing. Pushing academics to publish popular works may also require a shift in how publishing itself works. There are no lack of publishers looking to monetize the production of scholars and some of the more intriguing passages of Thorton’s work demonstrate that this was the case in the early 20th century as well. In fact, Thorton’s work shows a balance between books commissioned by publishers and works proposed by authors.

In the 21st century, it’s never been easier to publish popular works, but the audience for these works (and the competition to get them recognized) has never been more fierce. Getting a book recognized is harder than just producing good content, but also requires savvy advertising, careful attention to production, and getting access to institutional markets as well individual subscribers. As archaeology looks to the new ways of disseminating knowledge, publishing also goes beyond the traditional print media platforms to codex style books. As Thorton notes, the mid-20th century saw a number of cross media ventures which crossed from print-book popularity to radio and then television. The complexities of these markets in the 21st century – especially in the age of YouTube, streaming audio, podcasts, and social media – puts added pressure on publishers and popularizers to figure out how to get their work into the hands of an appreciative audience. An iconic book cover – like Penguin Books’ famous Pelican covers – isn’t enough (although it doesn’t hurt). 

All this other stuff – from design to marketing and promotion – represents investments of money, time, and expertise. Popular publishing requires more than academic will, but also investment from consumers and publishers needed to develop the infrastructure to accommodate and promote significant works across a range of media platforms. 

If Archaeologists in Print was written to describe popular archaeological publishing in the 21st century, it would be a very different book, even if some of the main contours of the discipline remained the same.



Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities

Lorena Gauthereau Digital Dialogue

Archives and Digital Humanities (DH) projects that showcase minority voices can disrupt the mainstream perceptions of history and the literary canon; yet all too often, large-scale DH projects and archives reinforce Western epistemology and ontology. In response, some postcolonial and feminist scholars have approached DH from the margins of cultural and political life in order to encourage DH scholars to create and adopt methodologies that engage decolonial theory. Such methodologies consider how digital scholarship frames knowledge and knowledge-production. While national archives help to structure knowledge through a state-sanctioned narrative, decolonial DH methodologies seek to address the silences not only in digital scholarship, but also in the official archive.

Drawing on Women of Color (WOC) theory such as Chela Sandoval’s Methodology of the Oppressed (2000), I discuss the digital implications and applications of “oppositional consciousness” and Affect theory. In this talk, I focus on the emerging US Latina/o Digital Humanities initiative at the Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage project (aka “Recovery”) in order to examine structural colonial problems encountered in US Latina/o DH and the stakes of digital decolonial praxis.

The post Lorena Gauthereau Digital Dialogue appeared first on Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.

Juan Garcés (Digitised Manuscripts Blog)

One-day tickets for ‘Manuscripts in the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms’ symposium

As regular readers of this blog will be aware, we are hosting an international academic conference on manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms on 13–14 December 2018. This conference is now sold out. However, tickets are still available for the one-day Early Career Symposium on Saturday 15 December (9.00–17.30) and you...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Iliria

[First posted in AWOL 17 July 21917, updated 18 September 2018]

Iliria est une revue scientifique, publication de l’Institut Archéologique d’Albanie, dont le premier numéro est paru en 1971. Elle est publiée à un rythme annuel au cours de sa première décennie, puis devient périodique à partir de 1981.

Elle publie des études et matériaux archéologiques des auteurs albanais et étrangers, qui travaillent sur le territoire de l’Albanie actuelle dans les domaines de la préhistoire, de l’antiquité et du bas moyen âge, ainsi que des études historiques se rapportant à ces domaines. L’objet principal de ces études a été les problèmes fondamentaux de l’archéologie albanaise, tels que l’ethnogenèse des Illyriens, la naissance et le développement de l’État illyrien et la formation du peuple albanais et de sa civilisation. Les articles sont accompagnés d’un résumé en français ou en anglais et, dans des cas particuliers, sont traduits intégralement.

La collection complète de la revue Iliria compte jusqu’à présent 46 volumes, qui embrassent plus de 15000 pages de la recherche scientifique archéologique albanaise.

Les changements démocratiques qui ont eu lieu en Albanie au début des années 90 ont conduit à la liberté académique dans les écrits et à l’ouverture avec le monde étranger.






Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Online il primo annuario delle opportunità formative in ambito culturale


Da oggi, 19 settembre, è online il primo annuario che raccoglie tutte le offerte formative in ambito culturale: www.profilcultura-formazione.it. Il portale è pensato ad hoc per studenti e professionisti che vogliono sviluppare e integrare le loro competenze seguendo corsi di formazione specifici per ogni settore.

Cultural Heritage Informatics Initiative

Daniel Fandino and CHI: Second Verse, Different from the First

Greetings traveler on the great ocean of knowledge that is the internet! My name is Daniel Fandino and I am a second year PhD student in the Department of History at Michigan State University and a 2018 – 2019 Cultural Heritage Informatics Senior Fellow. My research is centered on the study of U.S. – Japan relations with a particular focus on the intersection of popular culture, technology, and nationalism. Before arriving at Michigan State I earned my Master’s degree in History from the University of Central Florida and then spent the next few years living in Shanghai, Taipei, and Tokyo. Although my academic pursuits primarily revolve around history I have been able to explore other areas of personal interest such as fandom and video games by assisting in editing a collected volume of essays on the Marvel Cinematic Universe, contributing to an encyclopedia of Japanese horror films, and writing about dark tourism in the massively multiplayer game EVE Online.

I am honored to return this year to CHI as a Senior Fellow. One of the factors that led me to study at Michigan State–aside from the fact I was admitted–was the strong support for the digital humanities at the university. The CHI Fellowship gave me the flexibility to explore different digital tools and different facets of digital history, all within a framework of cultural heritage. The experience in CHI and with the History/Anthropology co-venture LEADR led me to take on Digital History as one of my secondary fields for my degree. However, the skills and knowledge that I acquired during my first year as a CHI Fellow were only part of the equation. A major element that motivated my desire to return as a Senior Fellow is the diverse nature of the fellowship. Throughout the 2017 – 2018 Fellowship I encountered new ways of thinking about the digital from my cohort in disciplines very different from my own. This helped to shape the way I considered the digital humanities and allowed me a glimpse into projects that were quite unlike anything I had previously imagined doing. By working together in residence, helping with each others projects and discussing new ideas alongside discussions about our own work and lives, the CHI Fellowship proved to be  one of the best experiences of my graduate career

Follow me on Twitter @danfandino and if you are so inclined read my musings on the intersection of history, popular culture, and technology at my blog, Journey to the (Wired) West.

September 17, 2018

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: International Journal of the Platonic Tradition

[First posted in AWOL 7 April 2012. Updated 17 September 2018]

The International Journal of the Platonic Tradition
ISSN 1872-5082
Online ISSN: 1872-5473
image of Issue 1
From 2012 this is a full Open Access journal, which means that all articles are freely available, ensuring maximum, worldwide dissemination of content, in exchange for an article processing fee. For more information, see our Open Access Policy page.  
This journal is published under the auspices of the International Society for Neoplatonic Studies. The international editorial board is headed by Professor John Finamore of the University of Iowa. This exciting journal covers all facets of the Platonic tradition (from Thales through Thomas Taylor, and beyond) from all perspectives (including philosophical, historical, religious, etc.) and all corners of the world (Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic, etc.).
The journal is published in 2 issues per year.
Open Access icon

Volumes & issues:

The Eastern Desert of Egypt during the Greco-Roman Period: Archaeological Reports

The Eastern Desert of Egypt during the Greco-Roman Period: Archaeological Reports
The Eastern Desert of Egypt during the Greco-Roman Period: Archaeological Reports
The Eastern Desert of Egypt extends over a vast area of mountains and sandy plains between the Nile and the Red Sea. Its natural riches –gold, gems and high quality stones (such as granite from Mons Claudianus, Tiberianè or Ophiatès, porphyry from Porphyritès, basanites [greywacke] from the Wâdi al-Hammâmât, etc.)– have, despite the difficulties due to harsh climatic conditions, been exploited since the Predynastic period. The Pharaohs, the Ptolemies and the Roman emperors often sent exped...

Lire la suite

Note de l’éditeur

This book comes from a colloquium held at the Collège de France in Paris on March 30th and 31st, 2016.
Its objective was to take stock of the archaeological work of the last forty years by bringing together all the invited field actors to present a synthesis of their research on the occupation and exploitation of the Ptolemaic desert at the end of the Byzantine period.
Caption cover image: The Roman fort of Dios, 2nd-3rd century AD
© J.-P. Brun

  • Éditeur : Collège de France
  • Collection : Institut des civilisations
  • Lieu d’édition : Paris
  • Année d’édition : 2018
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 14 septembre 2018
  • ISBN électronique : 9782722604889
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.cdf.5230
Jean-Pierre Brun, Thomas Faucher, Bérangère Redon et al.
Adam Bülow-Jacobsen
Quarries with Subtitles
Marijke Van der Veen, Charlène Bouchaud, René Cappers et al.
Roman Life in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Food, Imperial Power and Geopolitics
Charlène Bouchaud, Claire Newton, Marijke Van der Veen et al.
Fuelwood and Wood Supplies in the Eastern Desert of Egypt during Roman Times
Felicity Wild et John Peter Wild
Textile Contrasts at Berenike

The Signal: Digital Preservation

Science Blogs Web Archive

This guest post is an interview with Lisa Massengale, Head of the Science Reference Section, with contributions by the Web Archive’s creator Jennifer Harbster, a Science Reference and Research Specialist for the Science, Technology and Business Division from Oct. 2001- Dec. 2015.  Along with her reference duties for the Library’s Science Reference Service, she created Everyday Mysteries  an online collection of fun and scientifically interesting questions and answers about everyday phenomena.  Jennifer is the author of the Saving Science Blogs which provides additional information about the collection.

The Science Blogs Web Archive provides resources for scholars and others conducting research on science writing, research, teaching and communication, as well as scientific discourse in the United States.

Who are you and what is your job at the Library of Congress?

I’m the Head of the Science Reference Section, which is a part of the Science, Technology and Business Division.  My job allows me the ability to provide reference and research support for the Library’s STEM collections. My colleagues have been acknowledged by researchers all over the world. Each one of them has a subject expertise and my primary responsibility is seeing that they have the time and resources in order to provide superior service.

What is the Science Blogs Web Archive?

The Science Blogs Web Archive captures science research, writing, teaching and communication, as well as scientific discourse in the United States. The project targets science blogs that produce original thought and observations in all major scientific disciplines (earth sciences, physical sciences, and life sciences) for all audience levels. The archive also captures non-active science blogs which might be in danger of being lost.

How did the archive come about?

After the Science at Risk (July 2012) conference, Jennifer Harbster was provoked  to think about what libraries and institutions ought to do to ensure digital objects created by 21st century scientists were preserved and collected. In response to these questions she submitted a proposal to the Library’s Web Archiving Group to collect and preserve science blogs.

How were the sites selected?

The main goal of the Science Blogs Collection is to capture a representative sample of science research, writing, teaching and communication, as well as scientific discourse in the United States.  Science blogs enhance the Library’s analog collection of science periodicals and manuscripts by providing science content that reflects observations and understanding of science in the 21st century that is solely published and available in digital format.

What do you think are some of the highlights of this collection?

Highlight of the collection include posts which describe the life and work of women in STEM, as well as issues related to diversity in science such as Scientiae, which has been inactive since 2011 and retired in 2017 and Women in Planetary Science, an active blog which supports and features the work of women in planetary science.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: British Institute for the Study of Iraq Newsletter

[First posted in AWOL 25 October 2009. Updated 17 September 2018]

British Institute for the Study of Iraq Newsletter
BISI currently produces an annual newsletter, presenting the highlights of the year and reports on funded research and outreach projects. Below you can read PDFs of BISI Newsletters from 2003 to the present.

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      Hearing Corwin Hall

      On Friday afternoon, after a long week filled with jet lag, frantic course preparation, and seemingly endless page proofs, I snuck off to hear UND’s music department perform their regular faculty showcase. I was particularly excited to hear Mike Wittgraf’s “Hearing Corwin Hall” performed. This piece developed from our work at the Wesley College Documentation Project which focused on studying the four buildings on UND’s campus associated with Wesley College prior to their demolition in May 2018. 

      Last week, this piece debuted at the KYMA International Sound Symposium (KISS) in Santa Cruz earlier this month and this was the first time that it was performed in North Dakota. 

      Here’s Mike Wittgraf’s abstract for the piece:

      Hearing Corwin Hall uses sound sources from the third floor of two adjoining now-demolished buildings, resulting in a radical altering of the acoustic space of that location since the time of recording. It is fascinating to look up at the open space where the third floor used to be, twenty feet above the ground, and imagine the former building structure and its acoustic signature, as well as the mics, cables, and people present during the recording. Corwin and Larimore Halls, formerly on the campus of the University of North Dakota, demolished in May of 2018, were originally constructed in 1909 as part of the Methodist-Church-affiliated Wesley College, which later was absorbed by UND. For a period of time Corwin Hall housed the Music Department, and adjoining Larimore hall served as a women’s dormitory. Hearing Corwin Hall uses source sounds from a recording taken on March 13, 2018, after the buildings were abandoned, but before they were demolished. The recording took place on the third floor, which included the Corwin recital hall. Eight microphones were placed in a variety of locations. During the recording the composer presented an informal “memorial service” that included a keyboard synthesizer performance of five hymns from the Methodist hymnal, after which attendees were encouraged to wander the third floor and engage with the microphones in order to capture the acoustics of the space. Hearing Corwin Hall takes digital data from these sound sources and applies them to time-based parameters in a live-processing environment in order to symbolize the fleeting nature of time and objects, as well as highlight the acoustic signature of the space. Using time in this manner creates an altered state in contradiction to the usual passing of time. Video projection of historical and recent photos, as well as photos of the demolition and post-existence of the buildings accompany the music.


      Our plan is for Mike to perform it once more on campus and to record it for publication. My hope is to have something suitable to publishing in Epoiesen over the next six months. Our article will have three themes to it (as I conceive of it not) which work at the intersection of archaeo-acoustics, the study of time, and the considerations of how we experience the recent past especially after it has been radically altered.

      1. How Buildings Sound. Over the past few years, my friend Amy Papalexandrou and I have been talking about the acoustics of Byzantine churches (and she’s published on this here and Sharon Gerstel here). As Amy makes clear, sound plays a key role in how we experience our environment and it was particularly significant in the context of monumental ritual spaces in the Byzantine and post-Byzantine worlds. The location of particular features in Byzantine churches, the movement of individuals in the spaces, and the intentional and unintentional effects on the sound of ritual in these buildings contributed to how individuals experienced the rituals there.

      For Corwin Hall, like the nave of a Byzantine, this has particular significance because the room where we performed the recording was a recital hall for the music department of Wesley College. The space featured a deliberate design with a proscenium arch, acoustic shell, and vaulted ceilings which gave the room particularly desirable acoustic characteristics. By arranging eight microphones throughout the building, including in key spaces in the recital hall, we were able to capture the sound of Mike Wittgraf’s performance of a series of hymns from the Weslyean hymnal as well as the ambient sounds of a group of people moving throughout the space. It makes sense to document the space a recital hall with sensitivity toward its acoustics just as archaeologists have long studied lines of sight in ancient buildings or traces of movement between rooms.

      2. Time. Our work to document the sound of Corwin Hall, however, was an effort to capture the original sound of the room or the building. The room itself endured a series of significant modifications that included a solid wall with a single door along its north side that separated the recital hall’s acoustic shell from the rest of the room at the proscenium arch. Moreover, air-conditioning ducts were installed around the room’s perimeter and covered in acoustic tile. The windows lacked curtains when we recorded and the room was filled with discarded desks and other furniture removed from the rest of the building. In other words, the room as it was preserved was rather different from its original design. That being said, the original design persisted, even in its compromised state, and, as a result, our recording was a kind of state plan which showed the existing state of the space while also indicating its original arrangement.

      Full set pdf 2018 03 13 07 04 56

       E103 pdf 2018 03 13 07 04 05

      Archaeologists regularly use photography and illustration to accomplish this kind of time shifting. We indicate earlier phases of a building through the visual inspection of existing structures and combine the past and present states of a building or object in a plan. To accomplish this kind of acoustic time bending we also placed microphones (some of which seem to have worked… ) in both Corwin Hall and Larimore Hall to which the former recital hall was attached through the doorway in its northern wall. This door merged the spaces of the recital hall with the offices carved out of rooms in the former women’s dormitory and transformed its acoustic signature. This created new spaces to record and hear the sound of the recital hall and allowed us to record the sounds of the recital hall in a way consistent with its later use as a classroom and offices. Individuals were encouraged to move and interact with the microphones so that we could record the sound of people through the space from various locations. In effect, we were able to create an acoustic phase plan that, however imperfectly, captures both the original plan and the state plan. 

      I’ve recent come to appreciate how our time in Corwin Hall both during the recording and during the larger research project served as what Sara Perry has called “bodystorming” as we discussed with Mike, the research team, and members of the public the history, space, and sound of the building. Our microphones captured our movement through this space and superimposed our research project, public engagement, and performance. 

      3. Presenting Corwin Hall. Mike’s performance of “Hearing Corwin Hall,” however, was not a literal presentation of the sound of the space neatly arranged for the audience’s consideration. Mike’s piece sought to bring the audience not only into Corwin Hall as a space but into the experience of Corwin Hall as the site of a research project, as an example of change on campus, and in the process of being transformed from a standing building to well manicured lawn that preserves beneath the surface archaeological remains of the former college. To do this, Mike integrated sound, video, and performance(s) in “Hearing Corwin Hall” in distinctly evocative ways.   

      Last week, I heard an interesting paper by Ruth Tringham (the first paper here) on the use of sound to evoke emotional (and intellectual) responses from archaeological sites and objects. A key point that Tringham makes is that archaeologists have been too dependent on texts (both written and spoken) to communicate the past. She considers the work of the composer György Ligeti who has used singers to create emotional states without the use of text and calls attention to Alice Waterson’s work “Digital Dwelling” (or here) on the Neolithic village of Skara Brea in Scotland which similarly uses video and audio, but not text, to communicate the experience of both the space and the past.

      Mike’s piece integrates both the acoustic space of Corwin Hall with its final months and a number of related performances designed to recognize the importance of these places on UND’s campus and in the community. For example, both the video, the sounds, and Mike’s performance communicate the violence of the building’s demolition both physically and emotionally. The destruction of these buildings embody an ongoing conflict on campus between an administration who is eager for rapid economic, cultural, and physical transformation across campus and faculty and community members who remain committed to established practices and priorities. The violence of the piece (and its performance) captures how the destruction of these buildings – their transformation from classrooms and offices into archaeological remains – generated significant emotion across campus and in the community. 

      What makes this piece even more unique is that Mike integrates our efforts to document and commemorate the building into his performance. My voice, for example, is merged with the acoustic signature of Corwin Hall and looped over and over so that the words have become unintelligible, but it nevertheless evokes the sound of a bustling campus building. Sheila Liming’s bagpipes, played during a campus ceremony to honor Harold Holden Sayre after whom one of the Wesley College buildings was named, likewise loop through the performance as the tension and anxiety builds. My voice reflects the campus din as well as the work of documenting the Wesley College. Sheila’s bagpipes communicates both the death of these buildings as visible monument as well as how we commemorated their memory. The blurring our experience of the buildings between their lives as active campus structures and as objects of abandonment, study, and commemoration.  

      More importantly, “Hearing Corwin Hall” communicated the violent tension between destruction and commemoration, between standing buildings and archaeological remains, between tradition and progress,  through the linearity of texts, but through sound. This does not make the piece any less archaeological, however. It remains dense, nuanced, complex, rhythmic, and multivocal.  

      I can’t wait to share it with a wider audience. 

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      The Acta Sanctorum Online

      [First posted in AWOL 20 June 2012, updated 17 September 2018]

      Roger Pearse in his excellent blog Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, freedom of speech, information access, and more, has collected the open access manifestations of the Acta Sanctorum in: 

      Volumes of the Acta Sanctorum online
        UPDATE: See also this site with links to the French Bibliotheque Nationale copies.


          Tom Brughmans (Archaeological Network Analysis)

          CFP networks session Kiel conference

          This session on networks will be of interest to readers of this blog. The call for papers is open now. More information on the conference website. Session 7: Mediterranean Connections – how the Sea links people and transforms identities Session organizers: A. Rutter*, E. Loitzou, O. Nakoinz, F. Fulminante, L. Schmidt*, D. Möhlmann, L. Käppel, H.... Continue Reading →

          John Hessler (Warping History)

          Demi #Prabowo, Orang Berbondong Sukarela dengan Biaya Sendiri

          Prabowo Subianto (PS), barangkali, adalah calon presiden yang paling bahagia dibandingkan capres-capres lain di dunia ini. Betapa tidak. Di mana-mana, capres itu susah mencari orang yang datang menawarkan diri menjadi relawan. Biaya sendiri pula lagi.

          Tapi untuk Pak PS, sauasanya lain. Orang datang berbondong-bondong. Siap melakukan apa saja yang bisa mereka kerjakan untuk mengantarkan PS ke kursi presiden. Di seluruh pelosok negeri, masyarakat siap berjuang siang-malam. Tanpa pamrih. Tidak ada seorang pun yang meminta biaya itu, biaya ini.

          Anugerah yang luar biasa. Sangat mungkin, inilah pertanda kemenangan itu. Pertanda kebangkitan serentak rakyat Indonesia melawan kezoliman. Tidak ada yang lebih mengharukan dari unjuk solidaritas dan kerelaan berkorban para pendukung Pak PS.

          Merekalah yang proaktif mencari tempat-tempat untuk berhimpun dan mendaftarkan diri menjadi relawan. Ada sekian banyak grup diskusi medsos yang kemudian menjelma menjadi kelompok relawan. Sejumlah pengacara membentuk forum relawan yang siap mengawal proses pilpres dari sisi advokasi hukum.

          Di mana-mana, kelompok emak-emak militan siap menjadi jurkam di level mereka. Siap menggiring emak-emak berhimpun di belakang PS. Siap melawan kemungkinan intimidasi atau bentuk lain yang bertujuan untuk melemahkan semangat kaum ibu.

          Singkat cerita, semua elemen menumpahkan dukungan untuk Pak PS. Para cendekiawan kampus juga menyatukan diri sesuai cara mereka. Para guru besar menyatakan keyakinan mereka pada kepemimpinan Prabowo sebagai presiden.

          Para ulama dan ustad juga tak ketinggalan mendukung. Kemarin, ijtimak kedua para ulama memberikan dukungan penuh. Para ulama siap menjadi jurukampanye untuk Pak PS. Bahkan, para ulama mengeluarkan seruan agar setiap rumah kaum muslimin berfungsi sebagai posko pemenangan.

          Tanpa ada yang menggerakkan maupun mengimingkan imbalan, masyarakat dari segala macam latar-belakang siap menyukseskan jalan Prabowo menuju Istana. Mereka bergerak dengan kapasitas masing-masing.

          Semua siap berjuang dan rela berkorban. Mereka dipadukan oleh satu sasaran: yaitu merebut kembali kedaulatan bangsa dan negara yang kini tidak berada di tangan rakyat.

          Sangat kontras bedanya dengan suasana di seberang lautan. Di sana, semua orang bergerak dengan pamrih. Dengan imbalan. Dibiayai. Didanai. Semuanya berjalan rapi dengan duit besar.

          Cara lain adalah dengan tekanan. Para pembesar terpaksa menyatakan dukungan. Kalau tak mau, ada saja masalah yang akan muncul.

          Beruntunglah Pak PS. Beruntunglah kita semua. Kemenangan akan diraih dengan perjuangan murni, insya Allah. Karena suka dan rela. Karena tulus dan ikhlas.•••

          By Asyari Usman

          September 16, 2018

          Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

          Coming Soon: MOOC: Biblical Archaeology: The archaeology of Ancient Israel and Judah, Aren Maeir

          Biblical Archaeology: The archaeology of Ancient Israel and Judah, Aren Maeir
          Check out the absolutely fantastic trailer for my MOOC (massive open online course) “Biblical Archaeology: The archaeology of Ancient Israel and Judah,” which will be online from early December 2018 on the EdX platform.
          Check it out – and pass the word on to friends, colleagues and students – to sign up for the course as soon as registration is open!