Paregoribib: Tom Elliott's Recent Bookmarks and Citations

http://planet.atlantides.org/paregoribib

Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

November 09, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis 1

Type Book
Author Roger Bagnall
Author Giovanni R. Ruffini
URL http://dlib.nyu.edu/awdl/isaw/amheida-i-otrim-1/
Place New York
Publisher NYU Press
ISBN 978-0-8147-4526-7
Date March 2012
Accessed 2016-11-09 20:21:34
Abstract Catalog and analysis of 455 inscribed ostraka from the NYU excavations at Amheida, Egypt
Short Title Amheida I
# of Pages 178

Bagnall and Ruffini. (2012). Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis 1.

Type Attachment
URL http://dlib.nyu.edu/awdl/isaw/amheida-i-otrim-1/
Accessed 2016-11-09 20:21:36
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October 27, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://developers.google.com/kml/
Accessed 2016-10-27 02:00:46
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Keyhole Markup Language

Type Web Page
URL https://developers.google.com/kml/
Accessed 2016-10-27 02:00:43
Abstract KML is a file format used to display geographic data.
Website Title Google Developers

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shapefile&oldid=742580333
Accessed 2016-10-27 01:56:58
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Shapefile

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shapefile&oldid=742580333
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-10-04T15:02:02Z
Extra Page Version ID: 742580333
Accessed 2016-10-27 01:56:56
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia
Language en
Abstract The shapefile format is a popular geospatial vector data format for geographic information system (GIS) software. It is developed and regulated by Esri as a (mostly) open specification for data interoperability among Esri and other GIS software products. The shapefile format can spatially describe vector features: points, lines, and polygons, representing, for example, water wells, rivers, and lakes. Each item usually has attributes that describe it, such as name or temperature.

October 21, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Designing for Colour Blindness

Type Blog Post
Author Si digital
URL https://sidigital.co/blog/designing-for-colour-blindness
Accessed 2016-10-21 13:30:30
Abstract Our projects are always created with the user experience in mind. Find out how our design team accommodate an incredibly common condition that is often overlooked.
Blog Title Si digital

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://sidigital.co/blog/designing-for-colour-blindness
Accessed 2016-10-21 13:30:33
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Chatbot Fundamentals: An interactive guide to writing bots in Python

Type Blog Post
Author Liza Daly
URL https://apps.worldwritable.com/tutorials/chatbot/
Rights This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Accessed 2016-10-21 12:48:01
Abstract Part 4 of Natural Language Processing for Programmers. In this brief tutorial I’ll walk you through using a popular Python language library to construct a simple chatbot that evaluates and responds to user input. It won’t fool your friends, and for a production system you’ll want to consider one of the existing bot platforms or frameworks, but these examples should help you think through the design and engineering challenges of a conversational UI.

Chatbot Fundamentals: An interactive guide to writing bots in Python

Type Attachment
URL https://apps.worldwritable.com/tutorials/chatbot/
Accessed 2016-10-21 12:48:03
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October 13, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Software Citation Workflows

Type Blog Post
Author Martin Fenner
URL https://blog.datacite.org/software-citation-workflows/
Rights CC-BY
Date 2015-10-19T00:00:00+00:00
Accessed 2016-10-13 17:37:14
Website Type website
Language en
Abstract This blog post provides more detail for a short presentation I will give today at the Software Credit Workshop in London. The aim is to look at the infrastructure pieces needed for software discove...
Blog Title DataCite Blog

Preserving Digital Scholarship in Perseids: An Exploration

Type Journal Article
Author Fernando Rios
Author Bridget Almas
URL https://sites.tufts.edu/perseids/2016/10/10/preserving-digital-scholarship-in-perseids-an-exploration/
Publication Perseids
DOI 10.5281/zenodo.159569
Accessed 2016-10-13 17:35:27

Perseids | Preserving Digital Scholarship in Perseids: An Exploration

Type Attachment
URL https://sites.tufts.edu/perseids/2016/10/10/preserving-digital-scholarship-in-perseids-an-exploration/
Accessed 2016-10-13 17:35:29
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September 29, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

TEI: P5 Guidelines

Type Attachment
URL http://www.tei-c.org/Guidelines/P5/index.xml
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:28:06
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TEI: P5 Guidelines

Type Web Page
URL http://www.tei-c.org/Guidelines/P5/index.xml
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:28:04

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=XML&oldid=738419312
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:27:27
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XML

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=XML&oldid=738419312
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-09-08T21:07:23Z
Extra Page Version ID: 738419312
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:27:25
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language en
Abstract In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. The W3C's XML 1.0 Specification and several other related specifications,—all of them free open standards—define XML. The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality, and usability across the Internet. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages. Although the design of XML focuses on documents, the language is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services. Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while programmers have developed many application programming interfaces (APIs) to aid the processing of XML data.

JSON-LD - JSON for Linking Data

Type Web Page
URL http://json-ld.org/
Rights Creative Commons CC0 Public Domain Dedication
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:25:22

JSON-LD - JSON for Linking Data

Type Attachment
URL http://json-ld.org/
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:25:24
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Common Format and MIME Type for Comma-Separated Values (CSV) Files

Type Report
Author Y. Shafranovich
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4180
Date October 2005
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:21:55
Series Title Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments
Institution Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Report Type Category: Informational
Abstract This RFC documents the format used for Comma-Separated Values (CSV) files and registers the associated MIME type "text/csv".
Report Number RFC 4180
Short Title RFC 4180

RFC 4180 - Common Format and MIME Type for Comma-Separated Values (CSV) Files

Type Attachment
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4180
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:21:57
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The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format

Type Report
Author T. Bray
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7159
Date March 2014
Extra Category: Standards Track
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:18:18
Series Title Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments
Institution Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Abstract JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is a lightweight, text-based, language-independent data interchange format. It was derived from the ECMAScript Programming Language Standard. JSON defines a small set of formatting rules for the portable representation of structured data. This document removes inconsistencies with other specifications of JSON, repairs specification errors, and offers experience-based interoperability guidance.
Report Number RFC 7159
Short Title RFC 7159

RFC 7159 - The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format

Type Attachment
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7159
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:18:20
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The GeoJSON Format

Type Report
Author H. Butler
Author M. Daly
Author A. Doyle
Author S. Gillies
Author S. Hagen
Author T. Schaub
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7946
Date August 2016
Extra Category: Standards Track
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:12:10
Series Title Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments
Institution Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Abstract GeoJSON is a geospatial data interchange format based on JavaScript Object Notation (JSON). It defines several types of JSON objects and the manner in which they are combined to represent data about geographic features, their properties, and their spatial extents. GeoJSON uses a geographic coordinate reference system, World Geodetic System 1984, and units of decimal degrees.
Report Number RFC 7946

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comma-separated_values&oldid=740670978
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:13:03
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Comma-separated values

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comma-separated_values&oldid=740670978
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-09-22T14:47:09Z
Extra Page Version ID: 740670978
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:13:01
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language en
Abstract In computing, a comma-separated values (CSV) file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain text. Each line of the file is a data record. Each record consists of one or more fields, separated by commas. The use of the comma as a field separator is the source of the name for this file format. The CSV file format is not standardized. The basic idea of separating fields with a comma is clear, but that idea gets complicated when the field data may also contain commas or even embedded line-breaks. CSV implementations may not handle such field data, or they may use quotation marks to surround the field. Quotation does not solve everything: some fields may need embedded quotation marks, so a CSV implementation may include escape characters or escape sequences. In addition, the term "CSV" also denotes some closely related delimiter-separated formats that use different field delimiters. These include tab-separated values and space-separated values. A delimiter that is not present in the field data (such as tab) keeps the format parsing simple. These alternate delimiter-separated files are often even given a .csv extension, despite the use of a non-comma field separator. This loose terminology can cause problems in data exchange. Many applications that accept CSV files have options to select the delimiter character and the quotation character.

RFC 7946 - The GeoJSON Format

Type Attachment
URL https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7946
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:12:12
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The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format

Type Report
Author T. Bray
URL https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7159
Date 03/2014
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:11:36
Institution RFC Editor
Library Catalog CrossRef
Language en
Report Number RFC7159

Regular Expression Tutorial - Learn How to Use Regular Expressions

Type Attachment
URL http://www.regular-expressions.info/tutorial.html
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:09:39
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Regular Expression Tutorial - Learn How to Use Regular Expressions

Type Web Page
URL http://www.regular-expressions.info/tutorial.html
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:09:37

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Data_structure&oldid=740892231
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:49
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Data structure

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Data_structure&oldid=740892231
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-09-24T00:43:32Z
Extra Page Version ID: 740892231
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:47
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language en
Abstract In computer science, a data structure is a particular way of organizing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently. Data structures can implement one or more particular abstract data types (ADT), which specify the operations that can be performed on a data structure and the computional complexity of those operations. In comparison, a data structure is a concrete implementation of the specification provided by an ADT. Different kinds of data structures are suited to different kinds of applications, and some are highly specialized to specific tasks. For example, relational databases commonly use B-tree indexes for data retrieval, while compiler implementations usually use hash tables to look up identifiers. Data structures provide a means to manage large amounts of data efficiently for uses such as large databases and internet indexing services. Usually, efficient data structures are key to designing efficient algorithms. Some formal design methods and programming languages emphasize data structures, rather than algorithms, as the key organizing factor in software design. Data structures can be used to organize the storage and retrieval of information stored in both main memory and secondary memory.

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Data_manipulation_language&oldid=723127954
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:45
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Data manipulation language

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Data_manipulation_language&oldid=723127954
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-06-01T05:21:32Z
Extra Page Version ID: 723127954
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:43
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language en
Abstract A data manipulation language (DML) is a family of syntax elements similar to a computer programming language used for selecting, inserting, deleting and updating data in a database. Performing read-only queries of data is sometimes also considered a component of DML. A popular data manipulation language is that of Structured Query Language (SQL), which is used to retrieve and manipulate data in a relational database. Other forms of DML are those used by IMS/DLI, CODASYL databases, such as IDMS and others. Data manipulation language comprises the SQL data change statements, which modify stored data but not the schema or database objects. Manipulation of persistent database objects, e.g., tables or stored procedures, via the SQL schema statements, rather than the data stored within them, is considered to be part of a separate data definition language. In SQL these two categories are similar in their detailed syntax, data types, expressions etc., but distinct in their overall function. Data manipulation languages have their functional capability organized by the initial word in a statement, which is almost always a verb. In the case of SQL, these verbs are: SELECT ... FROM ... WHERE ... INSERT INTO ... VALUES ... UPDATE ... SET ... WHERE ... DELETE FROM ... WHERE ... The SELECT query statement is classed with the SQL-data statements and so is considered by the standard to be outside of DML. The SELECT ... INTO form is considered to be DML because it manipulates (i.e. modifies) data. In common practice though, this distinction is not made and SELECT is widely considered to be part of DML. Most SQL database implementations extend their SQL capabilities by providing imperative, i.e. procedural languages. Examples of these are Oracle's PL/SQL and DB2's SQL_PL. Data manipulation languages tend to have many different flavors and capabilities between database vendors. There have been a number of standards established for SQL by ANSI, but vendors still provide their own extensions to the standard while not implementing the entire standard. Data manipulation languages are divided into two types, procedural programming and declarative programming. Data manipulation languages were initially only used within computer programs, but with the advent of SQL have come to be used interactively by database administrators. For example, the command to insert a row into table employees:

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_file_formats&oldid=741522273
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:41
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List of file formats

Type Encyclopedia Article
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_file_formats&oldid=741522273
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Date 2016-09-28T01:29:47Z
Extra Page Version ID: 741522273
Accessed 2016-09-29 10:04:39
Library Catalog Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Title Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Language en
Abstract This is a list of file formats used by computers, organized by type. Filename extensions are usually noted in parentheses if they differ from the format name or abbreviation. Many operating systems do not limit filenames to a single extension shorter than 4 characters, as was common with some operating systems that supported the FAT file system. Examples of operating systems that do not impose this limit include Unix-like systems. Also, Microsoft Windows NT, 95, 98, and Me do not have a three character limit on extensions for 32-bit or 64-bit applications on file systems other than pre-Windows 95/Windows NT 3.5 versions of the FAT file system. Some filenames are given extensions longer than three characters. Some file formats may be listed twice or more. An example is the .b file.

September 28, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://developers.google.com/search/docs/guides/intro-structured-data
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:33:12
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Introduction to Structured Data | Search

Type Web Page
URL https://developers.google.com/search/docs/guides/intro-structured-data
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:33:10
Website Title Google Developers

R.I.P. to the Cartographic Priesthood | MediaCommons

Type Blog Post
Author Thomas Chapman
URL http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/question/how-can-we-better-use-data-andor-research-visualization-humanities/response/rip-cartographi
Date February 12, 2014
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:29:56
Abstract There was a time not long ago when the map was the purveyor of ‘truth.’ But then something strange happened...
Blog Title Media Commons

R.I.P. to the Cartographic Priesthood | MediaCommons

Type Attachment
URL http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/question/how-can-we-better-use-data-andor-research-visualization-humanities/response/rip-cartographi
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:29:58
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How can we better use data and/or research visualization in the humanities? | MediaCommons

Type Attachment
URL http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/question/how-can-we-better-use-data-andor-research-visualization-humanities
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:28:04
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How can we better use data and/or research visualization in the humanities? | MediaCommons

Type Web Page
URL http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/question/how-can-we-better-use-data-andor-research-visualization-humanities
Accessed 2016-09-28 23:28:02

September 23, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Review of: Atlas of the Ancient Near East: From Prehistoric Times to the Roman Imperial Period

Type Attachment
URL http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2016/2016-09-24.html
Accessed 2016-09-23 15:13:25
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Review of: Atlas of the Ancient Near East: From Prehistoric Times to the Roman Imperial Period

Type Journal Article
Author Christian W. Hess
Reviewed Author Trevor Bryce
Reviewed Author Jessie Birkett-Rees
URL http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2016/2016-09-24.html
Publication Bryn Mawr Classical Review
ISSN 1055-7660
Date 2016-09
Extra BMCR ID: 2016.09.24
Journal Abbr BMCR
Accessed 2016-09-23 15:13:23
Library Catalog Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Short Title Review of

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL http://jtei.revues.org/1480#tocto1n8
Accessed 2016-09-23 14:59:24
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Formal Ontologies, Linked Data, and TEI Semantics

Type Journal Article
Author Fabio Ciotti
Author Francesca Tomasi
URL http://jtei.revues.org/1480
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Issue Issue 9
Publication Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative
ISSN 2162-5603
Date 2016/01/01
Accessed 2016-09-23 14:59:22
Library Catalog jtei.revues.org
Language en
Abstract The debate on the semantic role of markup languages has been quite lively and the TEI community has played an active part in it. It is commonly acknowledged that markup conveys semantic information. However, XML is a poor language for semantic data modeling. Several proposals have previously been drawn up in the past to provide XML with formalized and computable semantics. In our opinion, the formalisms offered by the Semantic Web paradigm are mature enough to build a workable semantic extension of the TEI. Our model distinguishes three semantic layers in the TEI: one general and shared intensional semantic layer; one idiolectal specialized layer; and finally an extensional semantics. Our proposal is directed toward the first two layers. We propose to build such semantic layers by adopting a set of OWL formal ontologies. Furnishing the TEI with a semantics based on a formal ontology could have interesting outcomes: facilitating the management of and research using document collections in open and multi-standard contexts; aiding interoperability with other relevant standards in the digital cultural heritage context; and providing users with advanced formal tools to semantically define their interpretations of the texts and enable innovative computational processing. In order to allow a semantic interoperability between standards, the TEI ontology has to be aligned to other models; likewise mapping and merging procedures have to be evaluated. Finally, the idea of migrating XML/TEI documents following this semantic model into a linked open data dimension requires that we face important issues in order to facilitate the data interchange in the cloud. However, the cost and the practical complexity of such an extension are notable, and several theoretical problems, format choices, and implementation details are still to be defined.

Stress Training for Cops' Brains Could Reduce Suspect Shootings

Type Magazine Article
Author Rachel Nuwer
URL http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/stress-training-for-cops-brains-could-reduce-suspect-shootings/
Publication Scientific American
Date 2016-09-20
Accessed 2016-09-23 10:13:46
Abstract Police shot Terence Crutcher, an unarmed man, and police academies often do not prepare officers to make the right call

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/stress-training-for-cops-brains-could-reduce-suspect-shootings/
Accessed 2016-09-23 10:13:49
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September 15, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL https://www.diglib.org/about/code-of-conduct/
Accessed 2016-09-15 23:23:32
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DLF Code of Conduct

Type Web Page
URL https://www.diglib.org/about/code-of-conduct/
Date 2012-09-12T19:29:37+00:00
Accessed 2016-09-15 23:23:27
Abstract [Read about our 2016 revision process here.] The Digital Library Federation (DLF) is committed to creating and supporting inclusive, diverse, and equitable communities of practice. We strive to be …
Website Title DLF

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/10.3366/ijhac.2016.0170
Accessed 2016-09-15 15:35:20
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Full Text PDF

Type Attachment
URL http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/pdfplus/10.3366/ijhac.2016.0170
Accessed 2016-09-15 15:35:17
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Don't Just Build It, They Probably Won't Come: Data Sharing and the Social Life of Data in the Historical Quantitative Social Sciences

Type Journal Article
URL http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/10.3366/ijhac.2016.0170
Volume 10
Issue 2
Pages 205-224
Publication International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing
ISSN 1753-8548
Date September 14, 2016
Journal Abbr Intl J Humanities & Arts Computing
DOI 10.3366/ijhac.2016.0170
Accessed 2016-09-15 15:35:17
Library Catalog euppublishing.com (Atypon)
Abstract Historians and historical quantitative social scientists, motivated by a renewed interest in quantitative history and by sophisticated tools for digital infrastructure, are developing data repositories for global-scale and collaborative analysis. However, their archives have been slow to grow. This article is directed toward historians who are contemplating such projects. Repository development is very valuable. On the other hand, studies show that repository projects that rely upon voluntary contribution from numerous researchers seldom reach critical mass. Our surveys and our study of the Collaborative for Historical Information and Analysis Data Hoover Project confirm this assessment. We conclude that historical data repositories remain poorly aligned with present day scholarly practices and are unlikely to realize their promise until the social life of data becomes a part of the profession. Because we believe that this is possible we introduce four strategies, each one backed by a successful project, that will help to make data sharing a part of professional practice. These suggestions are: 1) hiring ‘data hoovers’ to solicit and curate data, 2) appealing to close-knit communities and networking their domain-specific archives, 3) rightsizing crowdsourcing tasks, and 4) incorporating peer review.
Short Title Don't Just Build It, They Probably Won't Come

September 05, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

Geographic Information Systems as an Integrating Technology: Context, Concepts, and Definitions

Type Web Page
Author Kenneth E. Foote
Author Margaret Lynch
URL http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/intro/intro_f.html
Date 1995, with revisions
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:53:05
Website Title The Geographer's Craft

GIS as an Integrating Technology

Type Attachment
URL http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/intro/intro_f.html
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:53:07
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Error, Accuracy, and Precision

Type Web Page
Author Kenneth E. Foote
Author Donald J. Huebner
URL http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/error/error_f.html
Rights Copyright 2000-2015
Date 1995, with revisions
Extra Department of Geography, The University of Colorado at Boulder
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:47:51
Website Title The Geographer's Craft

Error, Accuracy, and Precision

Type Attachment
URL http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/notes/error/error_f.html
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:47:53
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On historical gazetteers

Type Journal Article
Author Humphrey Southall
Author Ruth Mostern
Author Merrick Lex Berman
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/ijhac.2011.0028
Volume 5
Issue 2
Pages 127-145
Publication International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing
ISSN 1753-8548
Date October 1, 2011
DOI 10.3366/ijhac.2011.0028
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:33:29
Abstract Gazetteers play an important but largely unsung role in historical research, used with maps to help place people and events in spatial context. Recent years have seen new interest in digital gazetteers as bridges between the geospatial web and the semantic web, but many existing digital gazetteers and data models do not meet the needs of historians, as they focus on physiographic landforms rather than places of cultural meaning or administrative units. Historical researchers need to know about places whose locations are not knowable with certainty. They need to know about alternative names for places, about how names have evolved over time, and the specific historical contexts in which names were used. While GIS researchers propose temporal gazetteers, which will somehow include the precise dates at which features were created and removed, we propose historical gazetteers in which dates appear mainly in order to help reference particular instances of place names. Longer term, we need cultural gazetteers or toponymic encyclopedias that describe places as well as locate them.

Snapshot

Type Attachment
URL http://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu:2267/doi/abs/10.3366/ijhac.2011.0028
Accessed 2016-09-05 11:33:36
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August 17, 2016

Daily citations at Zotero

morris-2016-appendices.pdf

Type Attachment
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