Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

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October 04, 2014

Laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée

La guerre et la Grèce

Sous la présidence de Michel ZINK, Secrétaire perpétuel de l'AIBL, Professeur au Collège de France, Président de la Fondation Théodore Reinach, Jacques JOUANNA et Philippe CONTAMINE, membres de l'AIBL.

Messieurs Jacques Jouanna, Jean-Claude Cheynet, Olivier Picard, membres du laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée interviendront lors de ce colloque

- Télécharger le programme

- Télécharger le bulletin d'inscription

- Pour en savoir plus

August 25, 2014

Laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée

XIVe Congrès de la Fédération Internationale des Associations d'Etudes Classiques

Le laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée sera représenté au XIVe Congrès de la Fédération Internationale des Associations d'Études Classiques au travers des interventions de plusieurs de ses membres.

- Consulter le programme complet des interventions

Après celui de Berlin (2009), ce congrès permettra de réunir les classicisants du monde entier, de faire se rencontrer des chercheurs à différents stades de leur carrière et de dresser un état des recherches actuelles.

Les trois associations françaises membres de la FIEC (l'Association Guillaume Budé, l'Association pour l'Encouragement des Études grecques en France et la Société des Études latines) ont confié l'organisation de cet événement à l'université Bordeaux Montaigne et à l'Institut Ausonius, un centre de recherche très actif et internationalement reconnu dans le domaine des sciences de l'Antiquité.

Pour en savoir plus

July 24, 2014

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Treasure Hunter Barry Clifford Denied further Access to supposed 'Santa Maria' wreck

The Antiquities Coalition has an interesting followup article to a recent news story ( Justine Benanty, 'Treasure Hunter Barry Clifford: 'Santa Maria' Access Denied' The Antiquities Coalition, July 14, 2014):
On July 7, the Haitian Minister of Culture, Monique Rocourt, publicly stated that the Haitian Government has revoked the permit of famed treasure hunter Barry Clifford's on the alleged Santa Maria site. When the discovery news first went public back in May 2014, UNESCO was asked for their technical assistance to determine the validity of Clifford's claims and assess his permit and archaeological methods. UNESCO has since determined that the methodology and diver team employed by Clifford does not comply with the standards set by the Scientific Council of the UNESCO Convention [...]
It also turns out that although Clifford had announced to the public that it was he who had discovered this site, it had actually previously been studied by the University of Florida back in the 1970s-80s, who had found no evidence whatsoever suggesting that this was thewreck of teh 'Santa Maria' of Columbus. The Coalition points out that maritime archaeology is beset with problems caused by amateur treasure hunters against whose sensationalist claims they often have to struggle.
A simple news search shows that media coverage of this decision has only been covered by Haitian or foreign language media outlets. Once the initial announcement via the mass media was released in May to the American press, there has been little to no coverage of these developments since May in English-language outlets. This illustrates a trend in American sensationalist media where only the exciting or provoking news is made public, while the follow-up stories that are grounded in reality, are forgotten or dismissed. If the American public were able to know about why Clifford's permit was revoked or why treasure hunters and archaeologists are ethically at odds, it would foster a new thoughtful perspective on cultural resources management and site preservation. The media is an integral part in spreading awareness of issues surrounding our cultural resources.
But do the media accept that role for themselves, or are they more interested in dumb-down sensation?

Jim Davila (

Review of Jones, Between Pagan and Christian

BOOK REVIEW: Between Pagan and Christian, by Christopher P. Jones, by Candida Moss in the Times Higher. Excerpt:
This is important subject matter and a worthwhile read, and Jones is peerless in his discussions of the 4th century and beyond. For those interested in details as well as broad strokes, he is just the man to show us exactly how fuzzy the notion of paganism was in the ancient world. Engaging anecdotes - for instance about the conversion of various ancient figures - punctuate a book replete with linguistic definitions.

But when he refers to the world before Constantine, Jones’ erudition and constructivist interests seem to slip. Not only are the facts of the 1st century idealistically borrowed from traditional ecclesial histories and the Acts of the Apostles, his interests in historical constructivism evaporate. ...

Iraqi Christians expelled from Mosul

ARAMAIC WATCH: Purged by ISIS, Iraq's Christians appeal to world for help (Fox).
Iraqi Christians are begging for help from the civilized world after Mosul, the northern city where they have lived and worshiped for 2,000 years, was purged of non-Muslims by ISIS, the jihadist terror group that claims to have established its own nation in the region.

Assyrian Christians, including Chaldean and Syriac Catholics, Syriac Orthodox and followers of the Assyrian Church of the East have roots in present day Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran that stretch back to the time of Jesus Christ. While they have long been a minority and have faced persecution in the past, they had never been driven completely from their homes as has happened in Mosul under ISIS. When the terror group ordered all to convert to Islam, pay a religious tax or face execution, many chose another option: flight.


Mosul is home to some of the most ancient Christian communities, but the number of Christians has dwindled since 2003. On Sunday, militants seized the 1,800-year old Mar Behnam Monastery, about 15 miles south of Mosul. The resident clergymen left to the nearby city of Qaraqoush, according to local residents.

The BBC has a story about the monastery: Isis militants 'seize Iraq monastery and expel monks'.

Background on Mosul and on related issues in the Middle East is here and links.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Truth and Lies in the Media: Getting Messed-around by the "News"

I suppose most of my readers can tell that I get a bit up-tight about cultural heritage, and tend to take a lot of this seriously. Those who read a bit deeper might perceive that what angers me most is when people (read dealers and collectors) try to get away with passing off half-baked ideas and half-truths as reality which we should all take as given. That really angers me.

Just a few days ago a lady from UNESCO said something to two lady journalists (Jane Arraf, Dalya Alberge) who then published an article based upon what (they thought) they'd been told that an object at Bonham's (an Assyrian stele) was one of those elusive antiquities that ISIS are supposed to be flogging off to buy bullets. I've covered those "antiquities support militants" stories, trying to sift out what the facts are, trying to show on their basis why we need to take action on the no-questions-asked trade. In this case obviously something was wrong, the object was on the open market well before ISIS was even a twinkle in a fundamental Moslem's eye. Nada al-Hassan from UNESCO, on that being pointed out, quickly denied having actually said what was directly attributed to her. "A misunderstanding" she says. Then her contact details disappeared from the UNESCO page and she clammed up. No answer to my followup letter. Sam Hardy wrote to the Sunday Times, to Jane Arraf and Dalya Alberge. Nothing. No reply. Nobody is going to confirm or deny what was put out in print by a premier UK newspaper. This story has been made-up as anti-ISIS propaganda, and nobody is going to admit being its originator. They chose the wrong object (and the wrong auction house) because - unlike a lot of the stuff on the market, this one DID have a collecting history going back a decade and a half. Not much, but enough to show that the ISIS-connection is made-up. By whom and why?

I've already discussed the  "National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces" and its Heritage Task Force. What political role does it in fact fulfil and for whom? What is going on here behind the scenes and who is pulling the strings? Actually, that is a rhetorical question.

Yesterday in Gaza four kids playing football on the beach were slaughtered by an Israeli attack. NBC journalist Ayman Mohyeldin reported on it in graphic detail.
Over the last two weeks, Mohyeldin’s reporting has been far more balanced and even-handed than the standard pro-Israel coverage that dominates establishment American press coverage; his reports have provided context to the conflict that is missing from most American reports and he avoids adopting Israeli government talking points as truth. As a result, neocon and “pro-Israel” websites have repeatedly attacked him
Today he was removed by NBC from the assignment and tweets and a Facebook comment he made concerning the US Department of State's reactions (I saw them) were deleted. Who was behind this censorship of the media? Who is not interested in the US viewing public (who are expected by their gubn'mint to support Israel and its right to defend itself 100%, no matter the human costs to the 'other side')  hearing about the other side of the story? Who is manipulating the news by sending to Gaza a reporter who cannot speak Arabic in his place?

The Financial Times reports that news stories about ISIS raising funds from the robbery of Mosul banks (as was being reported a few days ago) are simply nonsense (paywall). As Sam Hardy notes "So was funding from antiquities more signif or were reports bullshit?". I am beginning to suspect that the story about the memory sticks reportedly containing information on revenue from antiquity sales is exactly the latter.

It's annoying enough trying to tease some facts out of the obfuscations of the no-questions-asked antiquity trade without having to deal with deliberate misinformation fed to us by the media which we assume all too naively is carefully analysing their sources and telling us the truth. I think we are very far from getting a full picture is currently happening in Syria and Iraq (and Gaza).   

Antiquity Now

Graffiti From Ancient to Modern Times: Memorialization, Human Expression and the Art That Will Not Die

Graffiti has been around since time immemorial.  From ancient caves to carved mountainsides to splendiferous murals, pictures have been splashed and carved on walls and surfaces throughout time and across cultures.  Self-expression, political agitation, vendettas, advertisements—all reasons for some to … Continue reading

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Gill Reviews Cycladic Sculpture Monograph Revision

David Gill reviews: Pat Getz-Gentle, Personal Styles in Early Cycladic Sculpture (Wisconsin), Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2014.07.12

The book is a revision of a work published 13 years ago. Gill emphasizes that"Documented collecting histories are vital for understanding the market and the authenticity of information about reported find-spots" and cites the example of the New York "namepiece of the Bastis Sculptor" which is said to be from Naxos, but in the catalogue she also says "said to be from Paros"
 One of things that Getz-Gentle appears to be saying in the Addendum is that the establishment of the network of dealers can be used to identify material derived from looted sites. This observation in itself is significant given the impact of the raid in the Geneva Freeport that provided access to photographic material and subsequently allowed archaeological material to be returned to Italy. 
Gill goes on to discuss the so-called  "Keros hoard" (he prefers the term "Keros Haul" and names one of the "hauliers").
 One of the issues explored in my earlier review was that of forgeries or modern creations. This is a topic that deserves to be addressed in more detail not least because so few of the figures in the corpus come from excavated contexts. Evidence is now emerging of an individual ("the Forger") operating in Greece during the 1980s and 1990s who has identified a number of key pieces that were his creation.  He has indicated that his work was handled by major dealers. There continue to be major intellectual consequences of esteem for the study of these stunning marble figures. Sadly, this revised edition has not taken the opportunity to re-engage with the on-going debate 
He promises a forthcoming study of the forgery story with Christos Tsirogiannis and Christopher Chippindale.


Cemetery Sue and epigraphy on the North-West Frontier

From The Economist.

She began it in 1980, when Ms Farrington happened upon the gently decaying British graveyard in Peshawar, capital of north-west Pakistan. “And there I saw the whole history of the frontier written on gravestones,” she recalls. “There was the master of the Peshawar Vale Hunt and the nurse from the army hospital.” She took up a pen, began to record them, and has not stopped. Over the past three decades she has recorded over 20,000 colonial graves in Pakistan and over 60,000 in all: in India, Sri Lanka, Bermuda, the Maldives, St Helena and elsewhere.

Her travels reveal much about the people who live among these long-forgotten “ghora kabrestan”, or “white men’s graveyards”. Most were dilapidated and overgrown; few had been defaced or built upon, even on the frontier, where the Taliban roam. Some were even revered; in Jacobabad, a town in Sindh founded in 1847 by an administrator famed for his rectitude, General John Jacob, locals still meet at his tomb to shake on a deal.

Yet her research says more about the interred. Not least because the more remote the burial place, the more fulsome were their epitaphs. That is partly because British colonials often died colourfully—armed dacoits, hungry tigers and clumsy-footed elephants are among the thousands of causes of death in Ms Farrington’s files. It is also, their incongruous, valiant memorials suggest, because of a frail determination to leave a mark in a hostile world—for the bereaved as well as the deceased. “She had no fault,” reads a gravestone placed by a British officer for his wife, in the Murree Hills above Rawalpindi, “Save that she left me.”

Linguistic Landscaping

"In closing, it should be emphasised (sic) that a sound methodology is highly important if the study of the linguistic landscape is to become a serious sociolinguistic research tool. Walking the streets and taking photos of anything that might strike one | as particularly curious, illustrative, or, worse still, 'representative' is unlikely to yield any scientifically relevant results. While this has been common sense in sociolinguistic research on spoken languages for decades, much remains to be done when it comes to empirical research into written language."

Peter Backhaus Linguistic Landscapes: A Comparative Study of Urban Multilingualism in Tokyo. Multilingual Matters 136. Clevedon, Buffalo, Toronto. 2007: 63-63.

A Greek inscription on the statue of a Roman statesman in the Forum

Plutarch, The Life of Titus Flaminius 1.1-2:

...ἰδέαν μὲν ὁποῖος ἦν πάρεστι θεάσασθαι τοῖς βουλομένοις ἀπὸ τῆς ἐν Ῥώμῃ χαλκῆς εἰκόνος, ἣ κεῖται παρὰ τὸν μέγαν Ἀπόλλωνα τὸν ἐκ Καρχηδόνος ἀντικρὺ τοῦ ἱπποδρόμου, γράμμασιν Ἑλληνικοῖς ἐπιγεγραμμένη· τὸ δ’ ἦθος ὀξὺς λέγεται γενέσθαι καὶ πρὸς ὀργὴν καὶ πρὸς χάριν, οὐ μὴν ὁμοίως, ἀλλ’ ἐλαφρὸς μὲν ἐν τῷ κολάζειν καὶ οὐκ ἐπίμονος, πρὸς δὲ τὰς χάριτας τελεσιουργός, καὶ τοῖς εὐεργετηθεῖσι διὰ παντὸς ὥσπερ εὐεργέταις εὔνους, καὶ πρόθυμος ὡς κάλλιστα τῶν κτημάτων τοὺς εὖ πεπονθότας ὑπ’ αὐτοῦ περιέπειν ἀεὶ καὶ σῴζειν.

What the outward appearance of Titus Quintius Flamininus was may be seen by those who wish it from the bronze statue of him at Rome. It stands by the side of the great Apollo from Carthage, opposite the Circus, and has upon it an inscription in Greek characters. As to his disposition, he is said to have been quick to show anger as well as to confer favours, though not in like extent. For he was gentle in his punishments and not persistent, whereas in his favours he was unremitting, always well disposed towards his beneficiaries as though they were his benefactors, and eager to protect at all times and preserve those who had ever met with kindness at his hands, as though they were his choicest possessions. (B. Perrin, Loeb, adapted).

[ From 5.7: φωνήν τε καὶ διάλεκτον Ἕλληνι '(with a man) who was Greek both in voice and in language'.]

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

UK Dragging Feet on Cultural Protection

Criticism of repeated delays in the UK ratifying the Hague Convention  (Anny Shaw, 'Experts condemn British government for failure to ratify convention protecting cultural property' The Art Newspaper 21 July 2014)
Politicians and leading archaeologists have criticised the British government for failing to ratify the Hague Convention in the current parliamentary session. MPs and peers lobbied the government to introduce the necessary legislation at the beginning of the parliamentary year in June, but no bill was included. The Hague Convention was originally drawn up in 1954 and amended in 1999 to protect cultural property in the event of armed conflict. The UK is the only major Western power that has not ratified the treaty. In a letter published in the Daily Telegraph newspaper [...]  21 July, Nicholas Trench, the Earl of Clancarty who is a Crossbench peer, described Britain’s failure to ratify the treaty as “mystifying”[...]  The letter has been co-signed by nearly 100 supporters and experts from the art world [...]  “Why, after 60 years, has Britain still not ratified? The sense is that, as with all matters cultural, which end up low down in the political pecking order, it has simply neglected to do so. It is high time that the government put this right."

Arts Council to Pronounce on Sekhemka Today.

The Arts Council is to review today Northampton Museum's accreditation in the light of the Sekhemka sale. Loss of Arts Council England accreditation would make the museum ineligible for a range of future grants and funding. However, the leader of the Conservative council, David Mackintosh, "said he did not see why this should happen". Probably because he does not seem to "see" anything wrong with what they've done - so we are counting on the Arts Coucil to take a stand against cultural asset stripping and show him. Pour encourager les autres.

Or are we going to see yet another shameful case of the UK being utterly ineffectual when it comes to financial interests and dubious dealings trumping public needs in  portable antiquity issues?

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2014.07.31: From Plato to Platonism

Review of Lloyd P. Gerson, From Plato to Platonism. Ithaca, NY; London: 2013. Pp. xi, 345. $59.95. ISBN 9780801452413.

2014.07.30: Classical Myth and Psychoanalysis: Ancient and Modern Stories of the Self. Classical presences

Review of Vanda Zajko, Ellen O'Gorman, Classical Myth and Psychoanalysis: Ancient and Modern Stories of the Self. Classical presences. Oxford; New York: 2013. Pp. ix, 374. $150.00. ISBN 9780199656677.

2014.07.29: Le decorazioni dipinte e marmoree della domus aurea di Nerone a Roma (2 vols.). Babesch supplements, 20

Review of Paul G. P. Meyboom, Eric M. Moormann, Le decorazioni dipinte e marmoree della domus aurea di Nerone a Roma (2 vols.). Babesch supplements, 20. Leuven; Paris; Walpole, MA: 2013. Pp. viii, 287; vii, 190. €105.00 (pb). ISBN 9789042925458.

2014.07.28: Funerary Sculpture. The Athenian Agora, 35

Review of Janet Burnett Grossman, Funerary Sculpture. The Athenian Agora, 35. Princeton, NJ: 2013. Pp. xxxii, 246; 128 p. of plates. $150.00. ISBN 9780876612354.

Insula: Le blog de la Bibliothèque des Sciences de l'Antiquité (Lille 3)

La bibliothèque numérique NordNum fait peau neuve …

et crée l’évènement avec une anamorphose.

La migration de la bibliothèque numérique NordNum de l’Université Lille 3 sur une nouvelle plateforme en juillet 2014 a été l’occasion de la création d’une identité graphique pour le nouveau site. Le fond de la page d’accueil de NordNum est désormais illustrée d’une photo en anamorphose avec le nouveau logotype.

Bref historique de la bibliothèque numérique NordNum

NordNum est une bibliothèque numérique de l’Université Lille 3 consacrée à l’histoire de la région Nord-Pas-de-Calais mais aussi à celle de régions voisines quand les circonstances s’y prêtent (en Belgique ou en Angleterre). Créée en 2001 et mise en ligne en 2003, cette bibliothèque numérique contient plus de 500 ouvrages disponibles en mode image1. NordNum est un projet du service commun de la documentation de l’université associant la bibliothèque universitaire centrale et la bibliothèque de l’Institut de recherches historiques du Septentrion IRHiS (UMR CNRS 8529). Ces deux bibliothèques conservent des documents liés à l’histoire régionale, datant du 19e et du début du 20e siècle. Leurs collections s’enrichissent régulièrement de dons de particuliers ou de sociétés savantes (par exemple le fonds de la Société industrielle du Nord) en lien avec la thématique de NordNum.

Le fonds de la Société industrielle du Nord déposé à Lille 3

Le fonds de la Société industrielle du Nord a été déposé à la bibliothèque Georges Lefebvre de Lille 3, bibliothèque de recherche du laboratoire IRHiS en deux temps. En 1981, elle reçoit quelques ouvrages ainsi que les revues de la société. En 2005, le reste des ouvrages toujours conservés par la société rejoignent également les rayonnages de la bibliothèque Georges Lefebvre. Les archives de la société sont déposées aux Archives du monde du travail, à Roubaix. Le fonds concerne l’histoire économique et industrielle de la région : livres et revues sur les industries charbonnières, le textile, le génie civil, le gaz, l’électricité, les routes, etc. Il compte environ 2400 titres et 120 périodiques.

Créée en 2001, NordNum est une des premières bibliothèques numériques mises en ligne par une université, les précurseurs ayant été le CNUM, Conservatoire numérique des Arts et Métiers2 et Medic@, bibliothèque numérique de la bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé à Paris3. Constamment alimentée depuis 2005, revue en 2007, NordNum avait besoin d’une nouvelle interface, les standards de numérisation et de navigation qu’elle utilisait étant dépassés. La plate-forme de diffusion SDX, malgré sa robustesse, ne correspondait plus aux attentes. Des questions se sont posées : faut-il migrer le projet ou clairement l’abandonner en raison notamment des programmes de numérisation de masse menés par les grands acteurs de la numérisation depuis quelques années ? Plusieurs raisons ont amené à étudier le changement de plateforme et la migration des données

  • La fréquentation du site : 38 091 visites du site, pour 10 553 visiteurs différents en 2011, 46 867 visites pour 19 129 visiteurs différents en 2013 ;
  • Le faible taux de recouvrement avec les collections mises en ligne sur Gallica : moins de 15 % ;
  • La légitimité du projet qui tend à valoriser un patrimoine local présent dans les collections universitaires.

La nouvelle identité graphique de NordNum

En 2013, la migration de NordNum sur une plateforme plus récente a été décidée et confiée à Sandrine Berthier, chef de projet. Elle a été mise en œuvre en 2014. NordNum a été migré le 10 juillet 2014 sur la plateforme Mnesys de la société Naoned. Le site est encore en rodage. Nous reviendrons sur ses fonctionnalités dans un prochain billet. Parallèlement au changement d’outil, un renouvellement de l’identité graphique de la bibliothèque numérique NordNum paraissait nécessaire. Cette bibliothèque s’inscrivait dans l’ensemble SCD Lille 3 et n’avait pas d’identité graphique propre, jouant seulement sur les couleurs du logo du SCD, comme en témoigne cette capture d’écran de l’ancien site NordNum :


Logo-Lille3-ecranL’opération de renouveau a été confiée au graphiste Olivier Classe, qui s’est occupé de la conception d’un logotype ainsi que de la nouvelle page d’accueil. NordNum a reçu une nouvelle identité graphique et a adopté les couleurs de Lille 3 : orange, noir et blanc.

Mais Olivier Classe a voulu aller un peu plus loin en proposant de faire une photo en anamorphose4 avec le nouveau logotype pour le fond de la page d’accueil du site NordNum.

Une anamorphose pour NordNum

Une anamorphose est une image déformée qui, regardée à la distance correcte et depuis un angle précis, reprend sa forme normale.

Quelques exemples d'anamorphoses

Ce projet créatif a été celui de toute une équipe, celle des collègues de la bibliothèque universitaire qui se sont portés volontaires pour vivre cette expérience, déplacer et replacer les documents pour donner forme à l’anamorphose. L’installation et le démontage de l’œuvre ont eu lieu les 19 et 20 juin 2014. L’idée était donc de reproduire le nouveau logotype de NordNum dans un espace de la bibliothèque. Les formes et les couleurs seraient créées en utilisant des livres et des objets qui se trouvent sur place. Il s’agissait de passer d’une forme en trois dimensions, à une image en deux dimensions. Cela nécessitait de déplacer un grand nombre de livres. Le jour J il y avait assez de volontaires pour que le projet puisse aboutir. Quelques jours avant, les étudiants responsables de LABibliothèque5, étaient partis en mission de repérage de livres oranges, verts et blancs, les couleurs demandées.

Àlex Todó Plasencia, un des étudiants responsables de LABibliothèque en 2014, raconte l’expérience.

Le jour J arrivé, nous nous sommes tous retrouvés dans le deuxième étage de la BU, dans le secteur dédié aux « Arts et Sports », l’endroit choisi pour la prise de vue. Première mission : réussir à trouver le plus de chariots possible, les remplir des livres sélectionnés et les amener à la zone de travail. Nous avions prévu à peu près 300 livres… Cela s’est avéré être tout à fait insuffisant par rapport à l’amplitude du projet ! Finalement, il a fallu amener, environ 800 livres pour pouvoir compléter toute l’anamorphose, sans compter tous les livres qui ont été déplacés à plusieurs reprises… Quel plaisir de mettre en désordre une bibliothèque, le sanctuaire de l’ordre par excellence ! Ceci dit, le projet terminé, il a fallu la collaboration d’un grand nombre de collègues pour faire revenir la bibliothèque à son état habituel. Un grand merci à tous !

Alors, tout ce désordre, avec quel objectif ?

Le but était de placer tous ces livres de façon à représenter en anamorphose le logotype de NordNum.  La méthode était la suivante : pour pouvoir reproduire la forme souhaitée, nous avions en face de nous un écran où une image en direct du lieu était projetée. Grâce à un logiciel, le logotype de NordNum était superposé en transparence sur l’image. Notre travail consistait en placer les livres et objets tout en regardant l’écran. De cette façon, nous pouvions respecter la déformation de l’anamorphose tout en regardant le trompe-l’œil résultant. Ce système nous permettait de nous repérer dans un espace en trois dimensions pour construire une forme en deux dimensions. Quelques images du processus aideront à la compréhension.

La forme du logo superposée à la photo de la bibliothèque :
CR_00 copie

Ce que nous voyons sur l’écran… est en réalité cela :

Anamorphose NodNum - Lille 3 (2014)

La forme orange vue depuis l’angle de la prise de vue :


Ressemble à cela vue de près !

anamorphose-8Le travail est long et minutieux, mais petit à petit on acquiert de l’expérience et on avance plus vite. Une fois les premières formes orange du dessous du logo faites, il a fallu attaquer la grande forme blanche et, ce qui nous donnera même plus de travail, le fond vert foncé sur lequel la forme s’inscrit.

anamorphose-10bÇa commence à ressembler à quelque chose…
La partie la plus difficile a été de faire l’arrondi de la forme blanche, situé en hauteur, et son intérieur vert !


anamorphose-14Au début, on a voulu faire la forme blanche avec des livres, mais vu la difficulté de l’opération, finalement on a penché vers une option plus simple : une bâche tenue avec des pieds de l’éclairage photo. Pour compléter la forme, nous avons fait appel à l’imagination, et des blouses avec des cintres ont résolu le problème. Bon, pour tout dire, avec l’aide de pas mal d’adhésif et quelques objets en plus pour faire tenir la structure quelquefois un peu précaire…



anamorphose-17Après plus de 10 heures de travail… voici le résultat !

anamorphose-18Il était temps alors de faire les prises de vue, mission pour laquelle Olivier Classe avait fait appel au photographe Matthieu Démarré6, qui a aussi été un des collaborateurs les plus impliqués pendant tout le processus. L’utilisation de flashes très puissants aplatira les reliefs et donnera l’effet 2D recherché. Ci-dessous, l’image finale qui va être utilisée comme fond à la page d’accueil de NordNum. Le résultat est impressionnant, n’est-ce pas ?

anamorphose-19En résumé, une expérience agréable, un travail en équipe réussi et une façon intéressante et drôle de détourner les usages d’une bibliothèque pour un jour !

Pour en savoir plus

Notes du texte

  1. La numérisation a fait l’objet d’une collaboration avec l’ANRT.
  2. CNUM :
  3. Medic@ :
  4. « Une anamorphose est une déformation réversible d’une image à l’aide d’un système optique − tel un miroir courbe − ou un procédé mathématique » (Wikipédia).
  5. LABibliothèque :
  6. lien :

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Sekhemka Statue Vanishes

"Well, it was here a minute ago,
what have you done with it?"
It's official - Northampton Museum's Sekhemka statue has ended up in private hands according to the BBC:
 A 4,000-year-old Egyptian statue sold by Northampton Museum has been bought by a private collector, it has emerged. Auction house Christie's of London said the buyer wanted to remain anonymous. The statue of Sekhemka, court official and priest, which sold for £15.76m, will now vanish from public view, campaigners said [...] The Save Our Sekhemka Action Group said: "The people of Northampton have been robbed in broad daylight of the jewel in the crown of their museum. "This looks like the worst possible outcome for the world of Egyptology. "There is now no guarantee that the statue of Sekhemka will ever be seen again, even by professional researchers, let alone by the children who might be inspired to find out more about the riches of Egyptian history and culture." His Excellency Ahsraf Elkholy Ahsraf Elkholy, the Egyptian Ambassador, condemned the sale

Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

World War One: Aviation Comes of Age

This course investigates how the white heat of innovation in World War One shaped the history of human flight.

The post World War One: Aviation Comes of Age appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

The Cheimarros Tower on Naxos to be restored

The Cheimarros Tower of Naxos will be restored following the approval of the Central Archaeological Council.

The post The Cheimarros Tower on Naxos to be restored appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

“Pompeii of the north” revealed by archaeologists

The spectacular discoveries at Binchester Roman Fort near Bishop Auckland have uncovered some of the most well preserved remnants of an empire dating back some 1800 years ago.

The post “Pompeii of the north” revealed by archaeologists appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

3-D image of Paleolithic child’s skull reveals trauma, brain damage

The child represents the oldest documented human case of severe skull trauma available from south-western Asia.

The post 3-D image of Paleolithic child’s skull reveals trauma, brain damage appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Lumea funerară în Moesia Inferior (secolele I-III p.Chr.) BR

Oţa, L. (2013) : Lumea funerară în Moesia Inferior (secolele I-III p.Chr.), Braila [Le monde funéraire en Mésie inférieure ( Ier-IIIe s. apr. J.-C.)].

Ce livre offre une vision complète de l’inhumation et de ses rites telle que les fouilles archéologiques permettent de la découvrir. Après avoir présenté une typologie des sépultures, l’auteur examine par grande catégorie le matériel funéraire. L’analyse des rites qui se déroulent après l’inhumation (consommation alimentaire, dépôt de céramiques, de crânes de chien, de lampes…) permet à l’auteur d’identifier ici l’adoption d’un élément de la culture romaine par les populations locales. L’auteur étudie également les types de nécropole (urbaine, rurale…).

Résumé en anglais, 67 planches, 8 cartes en noir et blanc.

Le sommaire



Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Nuovi sistemi per il monitoraggio e la gestione delle strutture storiche

monitoraggio-santa-maria-maggioreIntelligent Infrastructure Innovation (I3) è una startup dell’Intelligent Infrastructure Group del Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile Ambientale e Meccanica (DICAM) della Facoltà di Ingegneria di Trento. La maggior parte delle attività del gruppo durante gli ultimi anni ha riguardato lo sviluppo, l’integrazione e la validazione in laboratorio di nuovi sensori per il monitoraggio delle strutture civili, la progettazione e la gestione nel tempo di sistemi di monitoraggio e controllo per la valutazione della sicurezza di ponti, edifici e strutture storiche, la realizzazione di sistemi di gestione delle infrastrutture.

Bando CrossHeritage: conoscenza e fruizione delle residenze Sabaude

Crossll concorso si propone di avvicinare il pubblico più giovane al patrimonio culturale, attraverso il coinvolgimento di generazioni di artisti che grazie ai mezzi offerti dall'arte contemporanea, e in particolare dalle tecnologie digitali e dai social network, realizzeranno un progetto di "lettura" delle residenze sabaude.

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: July 24

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives.

I have another special announcement for the Bestiaria today: my friend Justin Schwamm (who I am sure is known to many of you already) and his colleagues at the Tres Columnae project will be offering an "Introduction to Latin" course through the Gifted Homeschoolers Forum. Here's Jason's description of the class: "For learners of all ages who do NOT know Latin (or think they’ve forgotten everything). This isn’t your grandmother’s Latin class! Instead of learning vocabulary and grammar in isolation, then hoping to put it all together on a day that may never come, participants are immersed in the lives and adventures of three very different families who live in the small, beautiful, and ultimately doomed city of Herculaneum in the mid-1st century A.D. By following and creating their adventures as part of the Tres Columnae Project you will develop deep knowledge, skill, and understanding of the Latin language, Roman culture, and Roman history, plus you’ll learn Latin grammar and vocabulary in a meaningful, enjoyable class." You can find out more at Justin's Tres Columnae blog.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem nonum Kalendas Augustas.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Lykaon; you can also see the legends for the current week listed together here.


3-WORD MOTTOES: Today's 3-word motto is Verba rebus proba (English: Test words with deeds).

3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word proverb is Mortui non mordent (English: The dead do not bite).

RHYMING PROVERBS: Today's proverb with rhyme is: Est piger agnellus, qui non gestat sibi vellus (English: The little lamb who doesn't want to carrry his own wool is lazy).

VULGATE VERSES: Today's verse is Plantate hortos et comedite fructum eorum (Jer. 29:5). For a translation, check out the polyglot Bible, in English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek, at the Sacred Texts Archive online.

ELIZABETHAN PROVERBS: Here is today's proverb commentary, this time by Taverner: Fratrum inter se irae sunt acerbissimae: The discorde of brethren betwene them selves is most bitter. This to be true, wee have manie examples out of histeries, of Cain and Abel, of Rhomulus and Remus, of Jacob and Esau, and of infinite other.

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Intra Fortunam Tuam Mane. Click here for a full-sized view.

And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:


FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Canis Vetulus et Magister, the sad story of an aged dog and his ungrateful master (this fable has a vocabulary list).

MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Struthiocamelus Perfidus, the story of a two-timing ostrich.

Struthiocamelus Perfidus

Greek Bible Art - and Latin and English, too. Below is one of my Greek Bible Art graphics; for the individual Greek, Latin and English versions of the graphic, see the blog post: ἀποκτενῶ σε καὶ ἀφελῶ τὴν κεφαλήν σου ἀπὸ σοῦ. Percutiam te, et auferam caput tuum a te. I will smite thee, and take thing head from thee.

Ancient Art

Howling Dog Effigy, Jalisco, 300 BC-AD 200.  Why were dogs so...

Howling Dog Effigy, Jalisco, 300 BC-AD 200. 

Why were dogs so significant to the Mexica?

Dogs were associated with the god of death, Xolotl, among the Mexicas of the highlands of Mexico. Both a dog and Xolotl were thought to lead the soul to the underworld. The skinny body and white hue of the shown dog represented above may have underworld connotations, connecting it to this belief. Xolotl was also associated by the Mexica with the planet Venus as the evening star, and was portrayed with a canine head.

The dog’s special relationship with humans is highlighted by a number of Colima dog effigies wearing humanoid masks. This curious effigy type has been interpreted as a shamanic transformation image or as a reference to the modern Huichol myth of the origin of the first wife, who was transformed from a dog into a human. However, recent scholarship suggests a new explanation of these sculptures as the depiction of the animal’s tonalli, its inner essence, which is made manifest by being given human form via the mask.

The use of the human face to make reference to an object’s or animal’s inner spirit is found in the artworks of many ancient cultures of the Americas, from the Inuit of Alaska and northern Canada to peoples in Argentina and Chile. (Walters)

On the subject of the significance of dogs, and dog effigies wearing humanoid masks, check out this post from a while back of ‘examples of dogs represented in ancient Mexican art.’ The final artefact here is from Colima, and shows a dog wearing a human mask.

Courtesy of & currently located at the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA, via their online collections2009.20.148.

July 23, 2014

Adam C. McCollum (hmmlorientalia)

Old Georgian phrases and sentences 30 (Amirandarejaniani)

Today’s selection is actually not Old Georgian, but later, belonging to the corpus of Middle Georgian. In this period, beginning in the 11th and 12th centuries, religious literature continued to be copied and composed, but there is a flowering of secular literature alongside it, in terms of both poetry and prose, very much influenced by Persian literature, with even more than one version of parts of the Šāh-nāma. The most famous product of the period, of course, is Shota Rustaveli‘s (შოთა რუსთაველი) Knight in the Panther’s Skin (ვეფხისტყაოსანი). (On Persian-Georgian contacts see here and here from the Encyclopaedia Iranica.) Students of Georgian language and literature, and well as students of comparative literature generally, would benefit by more accessible studies of these texts and the language used in them. Complete English translations, published alongside Georgian texts, are an obvious need, but a lexicon specifically based on this corpus of literature would be of great value.

The text below comes from the Amirandarejaniani, ascribed to Mose Khoneli (12th cent.). Thankfully, along with a number of other Middle Georgian texts, the edition of I. Lolašvili (1960) is available at TITUS, and there is even an English rendering by R.H. Stevenson: Amiran-Darejaniani: A Cycle of Medieval Georgian Tales traditionally ascribed to Mose Khoneli (Oxford, 1958).

Picture 45


The excerpt below comes from Ch. 3 (the numbering is not the same in the ET), p. 303 of Lolašvili’s edition, lines 30-33:

გამოჴდა პატარა ხანი, მოვიდა ნოსარ და კაცი ჰყვა შეპყრობილი. ოდეს მოიყვანა, საკვირველი კაცი იყო: ორი პირი ჰქონდა, ერთი შავი და ერთი — ვითა სისხლი. მით შავითა პირითა სპარსულად უბნობდა და წითლისა ვერა გავიგონეთ რა.

After some time, however, Nosar Nisreli came up: with him he brought a captive — and truly a strange man it was we now beheld! For he had two faces, one black and one blood-red. With the black he spoke Persian and with the red [in some tongue] we could not understand. (ET Stevenson, p. 28)

Vocabulary and grammar notes

  • გამო-ჴდ-ა [typo at TITUS გამოჴთა] aor 3s გამოჴდომა to pass, go by
  • პატარა a little, short
  • ხანი time
  • მოვიდა aor 3s მოსლვა to come
  • ჰ-ყვ-ა aor 3s ყვება to accompany, follow
  • შეპყრობილი captured, captive
  • ოდეს when
  • მო-ი-ყვან-ა aor 3s მოყვანება to bring (here)
  • საკვირველი (საკჳრველი) wonderful, amazing
  • ორი პირი numerals with the counted thing in the singular are regular (also the norm in Modern Georgian, see Aronson § 6.6). For an example in Old Georgian: Mt 14:19 Adishi და მოიღო ხუთი იგი პური და ორი თევზი (λαβὼν τοὺς πέντε ἄρτους καὶ τοὺς δύο ἰχθύας)
  • ჰ-ქონ-და impf 3s ქონება, to have, with the possessor marked by the ჰ- and the thing possessed is the grammatical subject (the vowel in the root, when fully present, is -ო- in Middle and Modern Georgian, but -უ- in earlier Georgian [Old აქუს, Modern აქვს he has (Rayfield et al. 118; cf. Marr-Brière 688 s.v. ქუნ)], although the v.n. ქონებაჲ is in Old Georgian, too: S-F 1279)
  • შავი black
  • ვითა = ვითარ
  • სისხლი blood
  • სპარსულად in Persian
  • უბნობ-და impf 3s უბნობა to speak
  • ვერა = ვერ
  • გა-ვ-ი-გონ-ე-თ aor 1pl გაგონება to grasp, recognize

I have previously discussed a passage from another Middle Georgian text, the Visramiani, and there is, I hope, more to come!

Doug's Archaeology: Investigating the Profession and Research

What is Causing Grade Inflation?

When I posted this wonderful graph about grade inflation (see below) Tracy came back with this thoughtful question:

Copyright 2002, Stuart Rojstaczer,, no fee for not-for-profit use

 “Wow Doug!!! Those statistics are amazing. It kind of makes me wonder what goes on in college classrooms today—and why? Is it generational?

Would any American or UK professor like to come here and address this issue at Doug’s blog. I would really like to read some varying perspectives on this issue from—not the horse’s mouth—but the professors’ mouths. Is everyone getting a Gold Star just for showing up, or does every college student have a 185 IQ and the moxie to go with it nowadays? The Bell curve guy would say that is impossible. Thoughts?”

It’s Complicated, It’s Always Complicated

I can answer that question, sort of, but if anyone wants to add their own personal feelings please leave a comment. There are lots of different factors that go into grade inflation, some are specific to certain time periods.

Let’s take a look at it from several different perspectives, first, the student side.

Gun to the Head

If you look at the graph above you will see a spike in the late 1960s and early 1970s before a fall and then continual increase. This spike has been attributed to draft dodging the Vietnam War. You could avoid being drafted if you were at University, a significant incentive to increase your grades so you did not fail out of University and end up fighting in the Vietnam War.
Our Nam- graduate school
There is no longer the threat of dying but there is the problem of graduate school. 47% of archaeologists in the UK have a Masters or PhD.  More people are going to graduate school and you need good grades to do that. A few generations ago all you needed was a BA so what did it matter if your final GPA was a 2.5 or 3.5? From the student’s side there are some very strong incentives for students to improve their grades.
Let’s look at this from the Universities Perspective:
Grades Can’t Have a Normal Distribution
Look at that graph about grades given. Even in 1940 it was not a normal distribution. I always hated the rare teachers who graded to a curve, except of course when it raised my grades/marks. Grades can’t be a normal distribution for Universities to work. Imagine you had a normal distribution in a class with a mean grade of 75, a ‘C’ (American grading) and 100 students in it. Assuming 100 is the perfect score and only one student ever got that, that would make a standard deviation of about 9 points. Well that means that roughly 30 people would get below a 70 and 5 would get below a 60. At my undergrad a ‘D’, 69 or below, did not count towards any graduation credits. That meant 25 students would have to take the class again, basically failing, and 5 would have failed outright, 59 or below. Now imagine that happens in every class. How many classes would you retake before you gave up? At my undergrad you had to pass 128 credits and a typical class was three credits for roughly 43 classes. If those 5 ‘Fs’ (59 and below) dropped out every-time a starting cohort of 100 students would have been reduced to under 10 students by graduation. Not financially viable for a University. You need students to pass so they can pay next year’s tuition.If you think such a system would trim the fat and leave the muscle, you would be wrong. Lots of really smart people would fail. It is a horrible idea in school and in business, just look at Microsoft and their use of the curve.Rankings, everyone loves a good ranking

The world is ranking crazy and they encourage grade inflation. Rankings are partially determined by student satisfaction with their instructors, see Guardians ranking for Archaeology as an example. There has been a ridiculous amount research showing the results of student evaluations are tied to the grades they receive. The higher the grades the happier the students are and the higher the rankings are. A strong intensive to not take a stance against grade inflation.

Let’s Take A Look at this from the Perspective of Teachers:

So You Want to Feed Your Kids

In the US, tenure is usually split along the lines of 40% (research) – 40% (teaching) – 20% (service). Teaching is almost always, with a few exceptions, judged by student evaluations. 70% of instructors at US Universities are adjuncts, hired for teaching-only on temporary contacts. Non-tenure instructors depend on teaching evaluations to be hired back each semester or get tenure. Except for a few professors who have tenure, the majority of staff are dependent on good student evaluations for their employment. There is a very strong correlation between good grades and good student evaluations, you do the math.

60 Hours a Week, Publish 10 Papers, Oh and grade 500 papers

Most teachers are just so overwhelmed that they don’t want to deal with hours of angry students.

“There are many categories of grade-grubber, and none of them are worth dealing with, so I’ve largely just acceded prematurely to their demands”

If everyone wants it?

Students want higher grades, Universities want higher grades, and faculty want to give higher grades so I am kind of surprised everyone does not already have A++++++, 127 grades, or 1st++++ marks.


Archaeology Magazine

Mortuary Bundle Discovered in Central Mexico


Mexico-mortuary-bundle.jpgZIMAPAN, MEXICO—A unique mortuary bundle containing the skeletal remains of a young adult was discovered in a rock shelter in Sierra Gorda. “The skeleton seems to be complete, but we will not know this with certainty until we can open the shroud, but at first glance we can appreciate the cranium, tibias, clavicles, scapula, and some ribs,” archaeologist Juan Manuel Toxtle Farfan of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History told Art Daily. The cranium still has hair. A specialist will have to analyze the colored fabric and mat that make up the bundle before it can be opened and the bones closely examined, but Toxtle Farfan and Ariana Aguilar Romero think the bundle is pre-Hispanic. “It is known that in the Mesoamerican beliefs, caves and other rocky refuges were considered entrances to the underworld and the residence of death deities, which is why they served as funerary spaces in most cases,” Toxtle Farfan explained. 


James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

The Gospel of John as Jewish Mystical Work

One of the features of the new Bible Odyssey website is that it lets you ask a scholar your questions. Someone submitted the question through the site, “Is the Gospel of John a Jewish mystic work?” I was invited to provide the answer, and here is what I wrote:

It is appropriate to note that there are scholars who would deny that the Gospel of John is Jewish and/or that it is mystical. My own view, however, is that there is good reason to answer the question in the affirmative. The Fourth Gospel has not only the Jewish Scriptures, but Jewish traditions of interpretation, woven into its very fabric, and the Christians by and for whom it was written had previously been expelled from their local synagogue by other Jews who disagreed with their views. The prologue (1:1-18) presents the lens through which the Gospel author wishes Jesus to be viewed, and it shares key concepts with the Jewish mystical philosopher Philo of Alexandria. The Gospel speaks of visions (1:51), which were an important part of mysticism, and emphasizes union with Jesus and ultimately with God through the Spirit. It is possible that Jesus himself is viewed as a mystic, one who speaks with the divine voice because the divine Word/Spirit dwells in him. For all these reasons and more, the Gospel of John seems aptly described as a “Jewish mystical work.”

You can read my recommendations for further reading, as well as othe questions with answers by Nicola Denzey Lewis and Mark Goodacre, on the Bible Odyssey website.



Archaeology Magazine

Iron Age Industrial Hearth Found in Cornwall

PORTHLEVEN, ENGLAND—According to The Falmouth Packet, an Iron Age industrial hearth and a Bronze Age settlement have been discovered in southwest England. The hearth is the first of its kind to be found in Cornwall, where strong winds would have fanned the flames. Community archaeologist Richard Mikulski says that the hearth was stone-lined and had a flue to control the fire. Impressions in the baked clay could have been left by pots that were fired there, and there’s also evidence of metalworking. Nearby, Mikulski has found round houses and stones that may have been used for processing wheat into flour during the Bronze Age.

Binchester Roman Fort Yields Well-Preserved Ring, Walls


BISHOP AUCKLAND, ENGLAND—Excavations at Binchester Roman Fort have uncovered the seven-foot-tall walls of a bath house and a small plunge bath. “There is also some really interesting evidence for the plumbing, including a drain in the base which seems to line up with some of the culverts we’ve picked out in the nearby floor, as well as some gaps within the wall which may have originally contained lead piping or some other mechanism for channeling the water,” David Petts of Durham University told Culture 24. The bath house was also equipped with a bread oven and an altar dedicated to the Roman goddess Fortune the Home-bringer. Other finds include a large rectangular cavalry barrack for stables and troops, and a four-seat latrine. A silver ring with an intaglio that shows two fish hanging from an anchor suggests an early link to Christianity. “The form of the ring and the shape of the stone seem to indicate a third century date. This is a surprisingly early date for a Christian object in Britain,” Petts explained. 




Open Access Archaeology

Open Access Archaeology Digest #488

Lots of great Open Access (free to read) Archaeology articles:

A descriptive classification of early Anglo-Saxon copper-alloy compositions: towards a general typology of early medieval copper alloys

Tourism economics: a discipline of economics

Villa del Casale di Piazza Armerina: nuovi scavi.

Survey and excavation at Kilearnan Hill, Sutherland, 1982-3

Excavations at Elstree, Mioddlesex, 1974-6

Learn more about Open Access and Archaeology at:

American Philological Association

Internships at the American School of Classical Studies

The American School of Classical Studies at Athens is advertising a year-long paid internship at its museum in Corinth and several short-term unpaid internships at its offices in Princeton, New Jersey.  The application deadline for the Corinth internship is August 20, 2014.  The short-term internships offer experiences in non-profit administration; development, marketing, and event planning; and archives.  Applications for the short-term internships can be made at any time.

CONF: Legacy of Antiquity in Visual and Performing Arts

International Interdisciplinary Conference
University of Lodz
21-22 May 2015
Chair of Classical Philology
Chair of Ethics

The visual is sorely undervalued in modern scholarship. Art history has attained only a fraction of the conceptual sophistication of literary criticism. Drunk with self-love, criticism has hugely overestimated the centrality of language to western culture. It has failed to see the electrifying sign language of images. — Camille Paglia

Archaeology Magazine

Replica Nazi Defenses Studied in Scotland

DUNBLANE, SCOTLAND—Battlefield archaeologist Tony Pollard of the University of Glasgow and Janice Ainslie of Dunblane Museum are studying a concrete wall built at Sheriffmuir in 1943. The ten-foot-tall wall, which was constructed according to plans stolen from German engineers by French painter Rene Duchez, replicated the German concrete defenses that stretched from Norway to the Spanish border. “A lot of the training for D-Day was done at this wall. Training grounds like this were key in bringing units together that had never fought before and giving them real world experience,” Pollard told The Herald Scotland. Laser scans of the wall may help the researchers determine what kinds of weapons were used in training. And Pollard may excavate at the site of the gun turrets at one end of the wall. Sand, rumored to have been dumped in front of the wall to recreate the conditions on France’s beaches, could be found.

American Philological Association

SCS Members Win ACLS Fellowships

Four SCS Members were in the 2014 cohort of ACLS Fellows.  Below is each winner's name, type of fellowship, institution, and project title.

John P. Bodel, ACLS Fellowship, Brown University, The ancient Roman funeral

Ari Z. Bryen, ACLS Fellowship, West Virginia University, Law and the Boundaries of Authority in the Roman World

Laura Lynn Garofalo, Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowship, Johns Hopkins University, Reconstructed Pasts and Retrospective Styles in Flavian Rome

Robert A. Kaster, ACLS Fellowship, Princeton University, A New Critical Edition of Suetonius’s "Lives of the Caesars"

Ancient Peoples

Faience amulet of a frog Hellenistic Period, maybe Egyptian  3rd...

Faience amulet of a frog

Hellenistic Period, maybe Egyptian 

3rd - 1st century BC. 

Source: Metropolitan Museum

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Pinakes Πίνακες: Textes et manuscrits grecs

 [First posted in AWOL 6 July 2011, updated 23 July 2014]

Pinakes Πίνακες: Textes et manuscrits grecs

Nouvelle version de Pinakes !

Une nouvelle version de Pinakes a été développée et mise en ligne en mars 2014. Celle-ci présente de nouvelles fonctionnalités permettant de mieux décrire les textes et les manuscrits et, à terme, de faire de Pinakes un portail sur les manuscrits grecs. Les principales innovations sont les suivantes :
  • ajout d’une fonctionnalité de recherche croisée permettant la recherche de cooccurrence des textes dans les manuscrits ;
  • précision accrue dans la description codicologique et textuelle des manuscrits, sans pour autant viser à un catalogage détaillé ; un module de catalogage propre, adossé à la base, sera mis en ligne dans l’année qui vient ;
  • intégration directe des liens et des références bibliographiques à tous les niveaux de la base, permettant de structurer les ressources sur les bibliothèques, les catalogues et les numérisations de manuscrits grecs jusqu’ici accessibles à travers la page de liens.
Toutes ces informations ne seront que progressivement renseignées et harmonisées ; pendant la phase de transition, l'utilisateur rencontrera un certain nombre d'incohérences dans la base.
Avant toute utilisation, consulter le mode d’emploi (pas encore mis à jour).


La base Pinakes rassemble la tradition manuscrite des textes grecs antérieurs au XVIe siècle, principalement à partir des catalogues des bibliothèques du monde entier.
Elle a été constituée à partir de 1971 au Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies de Toronto. Depuis 1993, la Section grecque de l’Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes, à Paris, en assure la gestion et continue à l’enrichir.
La base a été mise en ligne pour la première fois en 2008.


Le dépouillement systématique d'un certain nombre de périodiques est désormais assuré par la Section grecque, à partir de 2010. Pour plus d'informations sur les ouvrages dépouillés, voir la page de Présentation.
Si vous souhaitez que vos publications soient rapidement référencées dans la base, merci de nous les faire parvenir (IRHT – section grecque, 52 rue du Cardinal Lemoine, 75005 Paris, France ;
N’hésitez pas non plus à nous signaler toute publication ou revue dont l’ajout vous semblerait souhaitable : nous prendrons en compte votre suggestion, dans la mesure des moyens humains disponibles.


Avec le développement de la nouvelle version de Pinakes, la saisie des manuscrits hagiographiques est désormais facilitée. Les données sur les manuscrits hagiographiques qui seront progressivement versées dans la base proviennent en grande partie du fichier de la Société des Bollandistes, fruit de plus d’un siècle de dépouillement. Elles seront saisies grâce à un financement du labex Resmed.
Nous restons par ailleurs ouverts à toute proposition de collaboration pour l'enrichissement et la correction des données concernant les manuscrits ainsi que pour le développement de la bibliographie  (voir Révision des données). N'hésitez pas non plus à nous signaler des erreurs ou des propositions de correction.

Blogging Pompeii

Call for papers: heritage conference

FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS Colloqui internazionali di archeologia 18-19 settembre 2014 – MAV, Ercolano (NA), Italia I Colloqui internazionali di Archeologia si terranno nell’ambito del Forum Culture Napoli 2014, sotto il patrocinio dell’Unesco, con lo scopo di mettere in evidenza i talenti della nuova generazione che sta affrontando le sfide di gestire e di valorizzare il patrimonio culturale del Mediterraneo. Si richiede la partecipazione di studiosi di tutto il Mediterraneo, oppure di chi studia all’estero ma che si occupa dei beni culturali del bacino del mediterraneo, che sono attualmente iscritti ad un dottorato di ricerca (o che lo hanno appena conseguito), per presentare la propria ricerca nel contesto di un dibattito di due giorni sul “futuro del passato” visto dai giovani. Per i dottorandi selezionati saranno coperte le spese di viaggio (in Italia o in Europa), vitto e alloggio per la durata del convegno. Ogni presentazione sarà della durata di circa 25 minuti seguita da domande e discussione. Le lingue ufficiali del convegno sono l’italiano e l’inglese. Le ricerche presentate devono riguardare almeno uno dei seguenti temi che hanno molteplici sovrapposizioni: - La gestione dei beni culturali nel 21° secolo - Approcci partecipativi alla conservazione - Il patrimonio culturale a sostegno dello sviluppo sostenibile - Il ruolo dell’archeologia nel turismo sostenibile - La tecnologia applicata alla conservazione e alla valorizzazione dei beni culturali Chiunque sia interessato a partecipare dovrà inviare informazioni sul dottorato (titolo ricerca, università, supervisore tesi) e un abstract di non più di 300 parole descrivendo la propria ricerca da presentare al dott. Christian Biggi a c.biggi[at] entro giovedì 31 luglio 2014. ________________________________________ FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS International Archaeology Colloquium 18-19 September 2014 – MAV, Ercolano (Naples), Italy This International Archaeology Colloquium is part of the programme of the Naples Culture Forum 2014, promoted by UNESCO. It aims to showcase a new generation of scholars who are examining the challenges of managing and enhancing Mediterranean cultural heritage. Doctoral students (or those who have recently completed doctoral research) from the Mediterranean, or those studying Mediterranean heritage further afield, are invited to participate. Young scholars will present their research within this two-day debate on the “future of the past”. Successful applicants will have their travel (within Italy or Europe) and living expenses covered for the duration of the conference. Each presentation will last approximately 25 minutes, followed by question time. The official languages of the conference are Italian and English. Presentations must address at least one of the following overlapping themes: - Heritage management in the 21st century - Participatory approaches to conservation - Cultural heritage supporting sustainable development - The role of archaeology in sustainable tourism - Applied technology for heritage conservation and enhancement Anyone who is interested in presenting should send details of their doctorate (research title, university, supervisor) and an abstract (max. 300 words) describing their research to: Christian Biggi at c.biggi[at] by Thursday 31 July 2014.

AIA Fieldnotes

Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology Open House

Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology
International Archaeology Day
Saturday, October 25, 2014 - 10:00am

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Rare Iron Age remains discovered by builders at Porthleven housing development

An Iron Age hearth and evidence of a Bronze Age settlement have been uncovered in Porthleven by builders working on a new housing development.

Archaeologists have been working alongside the contractors developing land off Shrubberies Hill and have been excited by the find.

Community archaeologist Richard Mikulski said of the Iron Age hearth: “It’s quite a big deal. It’s the first ever find in Cornwall and there’s only one other example that we know of that’s sort of similar found in the south west, if not the country, found at Glastonbury at the end of the 19th century. Read more.

All Mesopotamia

massarrah: Akkadian Word of the Week ekallum "royal palace (as...


Akkadian Word of the Week

ekallum "royal palace (as building and as authority), temple"

The Akkadian word for palace, ekallum, comes from the Sumerian compound logogram É.GAL, which are the first two signs in the cuneiform brick inscription in the top photo (cropped and zoomed in the bottom photo). The É represents the Sumerian word for “house”, and the GAL represents the Sumerian “great” or “large”. As is clear from the sound of the word, the Sumerian É.GAL was loaned into Akkadian as ekallum. Now housed in the British Museum, the clay brick pictured above bears an inscription of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (r. 680-669 BCE) and lists his patronymic.

Sources: Chicago Assyrian Dictionary E, British Museum.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Mexican archaeologists find Pre-Hispanic mortuary bundle in the State of Hidalgo

ZIMAPAN, MEXICO.- The finding of a mortuary bundle in a rocky shelter of the oriental part of Sierra Gorda, in the municipality of Zimapan, Hidalgo, that contains the osseous remains of an adult approximately 20 years of age at death, is considered unique in the entity’s archaeology, since they haven´t registered any similar cases.

Archaeologists Juan Manuel Toxtle Farfan and Ariana Aguilar Romero, from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), informed that the inhabitants of the municipality notified INAH about said finding, which is why INAH experts traveled to the site and could state that given it’s characteristics it could belong to the pre-Hispanic epoch.

Toxtle Farfan added that the finding is not a mummy, because it would still conserve bland tissue, as skin, muscles and tendons, whereas these remains do not. The only thing left are bones, but in an excellent state of conservation. Read more.

100,000-Year-Old Case of Brain Damage Discovered


An ancient skeleton unearthed in Israel may contain the oldest evidence of brain damage in a modern human.

The child, who lived about 100,000 years ago, survived head trauma for several years, but suffered from permanent brain damage as a result, new 3D imaging reveals.

Given the brain damage, the child was likely unable to care for himself or herself, so people must have spent years looking after the little boy or girl, according to the researchers who analyzed the 3D images. People from the child’s group left funerary objects in the youngster’s burial pit as well, the study authors said. Read more.

AIA Fieldnotes

Archaeology Day at the Emily Dickinson Museum

Emily Dickinson Museum
International Archaeology Day
Saturday, October 4, 2014 - 1:00pm

British School at Athens News

Nominations for Council and the Search Committee

Nominations for Council and the Search Committee   The School’s Search Committee invites nominations and volunteerings for: (1) a member of Council for four years from 1 April 2015, to be elected by Council at its meeting on 4 November 2014; and (2) a member, or members, of the Search Committee for four years from 1 April 2015, to be elected by Council also on 4 November 2014. If any persons have names they would like to submit to the Search Committee for it to consider for proposing to Council, please write in confidence to Gerald Cadogan, Chair of the Search Committee, at by 30 September 2014.

Corinthian Matters

An Update on the Isthmus Project (and a promise to unleash some mid-summer Corinthiaka)

Those of you who have followed this blog for a while know that I have slowly been making progress on a historical study of the Roman Isthmus. Every so often, I rehearse the background of the project and offer an update of how it has developed—mainly to apologize for the sporadic character of posts on this blog.

So, the rehearsal: The project began a little over a decade ago as a dissertation about the late antique landscape that centered on the survey data of the Eastern Korinthia Archaeological Survey. In completing that project in 2006, I recognized that understanding the Isthmus in late antiquity demanded a real understanding of the region in earlier Roman times. But pushing into earlier centuries naturally ushered in the complex patterns of continuity and change in earlier periods. Before I knew it, my focused study of a late antique landscape had morphed into a century by century treatment of contingency and connectivity from the archaic age to the end of antiquity. The heart of the study is a fine-grained presentation of the EKAS survey data contextualized in terms of the primary textual sources for the period and synthetic summaries of archaeological investigations. My aim has been to show how connectivity in the landscape related to the broader interactions of the local, regional, and global: Roman imperialism, colonization, the visit of an emperor, Greek elite education, and foreign invasions were some of the short-term contingencies that affected the development of the region in the long term.

The good news (the update) is that I’m in the final stages of finishing this thing. I have a contract, a publisher (Michigan), and a manuscript that is taking its final shape. It’s been reviewed. A couple of times. In fact, I thought I was finished in January, but some late reviews from anonymous reviewers and friends encouraged me to add two more chapters. As I wrap up those final chapters, I’m hopeful that this will be in finished state (again) by the end of the year at the latest. Indeed, I have a strong incentive to finish by summer’s end since LP3 (Little Pettegrew #3) is due to arrive in early September just in time for the new school year. Of course, I’m almost always unrealistic about the time needed to finish projects so we’ll just see how it goes.

The chapter divisions and content as it currently stands—last minute reorganization could shuffle the content of Ch. 2-4:

1. Introduction

2. The Isthmos: conceptions and definitions of the isthmus in the Classical and Hellenistic era

3. The Crossroads: the physical developments of the regional structures from the archaic to Hellenistic periods

4. The Fetter: the Isthmus as it relates to the Roman destruction of Greek Corinth

5. The Portage: the interim period

6. The Bridge: the first century of the Roman colony

7. The Canal: the third quarter of the first century AD

8. The Center: late first to early third century

9. The Countryside: mid-third to late fourth

10. The Fortification: late fourth to early seventh

11. Conclusions

With some optimism about an end in sight, I’ll start releasing some of the Corinthiaka that I’ve been hoarding in recent months. Some of this will be familiar stuff to the Corinthian Studies FB group, so apologies to readers who are seeing old news in these posts.

ArcheoNet BE

Conference on the Environmental Archaeology of European Cities

Van 27 tot 29 mei 2015 wordt een conferentie georganiseerd over de ‘Environmental Archaeology’ van Europese steden. De thema’s die aan bod komen zijn ondermeer: urban site formation, urban environment, economische activiteiten en het persoonlijke leven van de stadsinwoners. De conferentie vindt plaats in het Museum voor Natuurwetenschappen en is een co-organisatie van dit instituut, de Directie Monumenten en Landschappen van de Gewestelijke Overheidsdienst Brussel, de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en de KU Leuven.

Meer informatie kan u alvast hier vinden.

Ancient Peoples

Small statuette of the god zeus serapius 2.9cm high (1 1/8...

Small statuette of the god zeus serapius

2.9cm high (1 1/8 inch.)

Roman, from Egypt, Mid-Imperial Period, 2nd century AD. 

Source: Metropolitan Museum

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

The Hellespont Project: Integrating Arachne and Perseus

The Hellespont Project: Integrating Arachne and Perseus
As a partner of the German Archaeological Institute, the CoDArchLab cooperates with the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University to combine the digital collections of classical studies of both institutions. Thus one of the most comprehensive and free online collections of Greek and Roman antiquity will be available for public and scientific use.

The basis of the Hellespont Project is the combination of text and object data using the metadata format CIDOC CRM. The CRM mapping of the Arachne database is part of other projects of the CoDArchLab carried out at the moment. The use of CIDOC CRM to map ancient text content in order to build a bridge to other types of sources is a methodological innovation. 

The material world in Thucydides' Pentecontaetia (Thuc. 1,89 to 1,118) is the chosen starting point for the integration of both data sets; other parts of the text will follow at a later stage.

One task of the project consists in manually identifying entities representing categories in the archaeological and textual evidence (e.g. built spaces, topography, individual persons, populations) within the whole text of Thucydides' Pentecontaetia. These entities will be annotated according to the TEI guidelines, so as to enrich the text simultaneously with historical background information.
Event annotation is also performed simultaneously, taking as a basis the mainly discussed historical events of the text in modern research literature. At this level of analysis, the word strings annotated with TEI markup represent historical events according to the description of the ancient author, which finally ended in the political and military conflict between Athens and Sparta (Peloponnesian War). In the following part of the project, the main content of Thucydides' text will be mapped using the event-based CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model with reference to these word strings.

At the same time, supported by a CHS/DAI joint fellowship, the narrative and discursive structure of the text, as well as all its relevant linguistic features, are also being annotated. One of the goals of the linguistic annotation is to provide a more solid background for the aforementioned task of event identification. The linguistic annotation of Thucydides' Histories is performed according to the guidelines of the Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank, which provide a word-by-word analysis of the morphological and syntactical features of the text. A further level of linguistic analysis, namely the so-called "tectogrammatical annotation" on semantic and pragmatic aspects which are necessary to understand the event structure of a text, will be tested following the model of the Prague Dependency Treebank.

Furthermore, to open up the broader historical context of the related sources, we explore the idea of a VRE combining archaeological and philological data with secondary research literature and in particular journal articles, that will be collected in an automized way. This part of the research is carried out in the context of a PhD project at the Department of Digital Humanities at King's College (formerly the Centre for Computing in the Humanities) since January 2011 and in close cooperation with the Thucydides Project at the CoDArchLab. The combination of all available sources on a historical topic by means of a single Virtual Research Environment (VRE) will open up new perspectives and modes of research of the ancient greek and roman world.

Starting from October 2010, the project has been funded for three years by the NEH / DFG Bilateral Digital Humanities Program 'Enriching Digital Collections' that offers support for cooperations between U.S. and German scientists to develop research-related digitization projects for the humanities. Each of these projects will be jointly run by an American and a German institution.


A ghost word

LSJ (including the Revised Supplement) has an entry for ἀντιθάπτω:

'bury opposite:—Pass., aor. ἀντετάφην IG14.1721.'

This inscription from Rome (GVI 773, IGUR III 1241) is the only passage cited. In Kaibel's edition (as 573, with Dorville), the alleged verb was restored in line 4: δεξιὰ δ᾿ ἀντετάφη γηραὸς Ἱππομέδων·

Subsequent editors have remained closer to the reading of the stone itself (ΔΕΞΙΑΔΑΝΔΕΤΑΦΗ): δεξιάδαν δ’ ἐτάφη γηραὸς Ἱππομέδων·

LSJ (including the Revised Supplement) does not have an entry for δεξιάδην, but DGE does (on the grounds of this inscription and the antique lexicographic tradition).

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Roman Golf Origins?

Something that has popped up on a semi-regular basis (usually in the context of one of golf’s majors) is a claim that golf can be traced back to the Romans. Most recently it’s popped up at the News.Az site in an article that begins:

Some historians trace the sport back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball. One theory asserts that paganica spread throughout Europe as the Romans conquered most of the continent, during the first century BC, and eventually evolved into the modern game. [...]

This link to ‘paganica’ is popular on a pile of sites, all apparently deriving (it seems) from an entry in Encyclopedia Britannica. A little digging and one finds the rather tenuous base on which the claim is made. In an aged tome called Gallus: or, Roman scenes in the time of Augustus, we get a nice summary of what is known about paganica in a section on Roman ball games (I don’t think our knowledge on it has advanced in a century and a half). Here’s the text version (I think I caught all the OCR typos; a link to the original follows):

Roman authors mention numerous varieties of the game of ball, as pila simply, follis or folliculus, trigon, paganica, harpastum, sparsiva, in addition to which we have the expressions, datatim, expulsim, raptim ludere; geminare, revocare, reddere pilam. But it seems that we can only admit of three different kinds of ball; pila, in the more confined sense, the small regular ball, which however might be harder, or more elastic, for different kinds of play; follis, the great ballon, as the name indicates, merely filled with air (like our foot-ball) and paganica. Concerning the use of the last we have the least information; Martial mentions it only in two passages, vii. 32:

Non pila, non follis, non te paganica thermis
Praeparat, aut nudi stipitis ictus hebes.

and xiv. 45:

Haec quae difficili turget paganica pluma,
Folle minus laxa est, et minus arta pila.

As the paganica is opposed in both places to the follis and the pila, and no fourth kind is mentioned in addition to them, we must suppose that one or other of these three balls was used in all varieties of the game. The words paganica, folle minus laxa, minus arta pila, are incorrectly explained by Rader and Mercurialis, as applying to the contents of the ball. The use of both adjectives leaves no doubt that the size of the ball is spoken of, and in this respect it stood between the follis and pila. No doubt it also so far differed from the former, that it was stuffed with feathers, and was consequently somewhat heavier; this is all that we know about it. The poet gives no hint concerning the origin of the name, nor about the game for which it was used. On an intaglio in Beger, (Thes. Brand. 139), a naked male figure sits holding in each hand a ball, supposed to be the paganica, because apparently too small for the follis, and too large for the pila, for they are not clasped within the hand. But this is evidently a very insecure argument, and, as regards the game, nothing would follow from it.

… so it seems likely that the golf connection was solely made on the basis of balls filled with feathers (as were early golf balls); no mention of a ‘club’ really, so, as often, a likely spurious connection.

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem x kalendas Augustas

 ante diem x kalendas Augustas

  • Neptunalia — an obscure festival (obscure in the sense that we really don’t know what went on) in honour of Neptune
  • ludi Victoriae Caesaris (day 4)
  • 64 A.D. — the Great Fire of Rome (day 6)
  • 79 A.D. — martyrdom of Apollinaris
  • 303 A.D. — martyrdom of Phocas the Gardener

Antiquity Now

Bon Appetit Wednesday! Halawet El-Riz: A Ramadan Dessert for the Ages

Ramadan is coming to a close and we thought we’d share a wonderful dessert recipe that is a favorite.  It is a perfect way to end an iftar or evening meal that breaks the fast that the faithful observe each … Continue reading

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Podcast: Drunk Archaeology, Episode 1: Pompeii | DrunkArchaeology


[noted in passing: Pompeii as the Kim Kardashian of Roman sites is going to be the top of my hit parade for a while]

[noted in passing 2... since this is the first episode, you probably need a warning about NSFW language, but this is definitely worth listening to; I'm sure it will give you a pile of info about Pompeii that you've never heard before]

Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

Call for applications for Marie Curie Fellowships 2015

Call for applications for Marie Curie Fellowships 2015

Call for applications for British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowships 2015

Call for applications for British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowships 2015

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Expertise and Audiophiles

Over the last few months, Scot Hull over at Parttime Audiophile has been putting together some very thoughtful posts on what it means to be an expert in the audiophile community. These posts were nominally in response to rather defeatist (or perhaps nihilistic) essay by Roger Skoff. Skoff basically argues that there is no such thing as an audiophile expert. This is a nice, democratizing sentiment, but unfortunately most of us know (and rely upon) expertise. Scot Hull responded with a five part reply: part 1, part 2.1, 2.2, part 3, part 4. The entire thing is worth reading and I wish I had the intellectual discipline to respond to his posts, but I don’t. Instead, I’m going to offer my take on the subject. I’m going to argue that expertise in the audiophile community is a key component in our community of practice and, my little essay will keep in the background lessons I’ve learned from Julian Orr’s landmark study of Xerox repair people


Before anyone reads on, you should understand that of us who fussy and fiddle with our two-channel stereo systems obsessively are a strangle lot of people. We tend to have strong opinions about gear, sound, and music and support them with our (mostly) hard earned cash dollars. As a result, we tend to be a contentious lot and engage as much in debates about equipment over whose advice and opinions we should trust as experts.

The concept of being an expert on how high-end stereo equipment works and sounds is not all that difficult to grasp, of course. Folks who design and engineer equipment have a practical grasp of how to transform electricity into the sound that we’re willing to pay top dollar to enjoy. These individuals, however, are not the object of Mr. Hull’s thoughtful remarks because few would dispute their authority and understanding in matters of sound reproduction.

Mr. Hull sets his sights on the other, more ambiguous group of experts who fill paper and web pages with opinions and work at serious stereo stores all around the world. These individuals tout various products, communicate difficult and obscure technical details to the public, and engage in sometimes rancorous debates regarding the quality (and, less frequently, value) of particular equipment and approaches to sound. Sonic measurements, technical details, and other “objective” arguments animate discussions among audiophiles especially on hot-button issues like the value of expensive, highly-engineered cables, speaker design philosophies, or various room tuning devices.

The core of these audiophile conversations, however, is the description of sound using words. Most audiophiles love to listen to music and stereo equipment, but also love to read about, discuss, and even watch other people listen to stereo equipment and music. The interplay between our own listening and the listening of others provides a structured set of expectations way in the pages of audiophile magazines, websites, and in retail establishments. Audiophile experts deploy transferred epithets in a way that would make Homer (the poet, not the Simpson) proud. They easily talk about speakers being “bright”, headphones being “smokey”, amplifiers having “rhythm” and so much “intimacy” that it is sometimes hard not to blush. Parallel to and interspersed with this poetic language, is the technical language of “zero feedback”, “single-end triodes”, “jitter”, “dual resonant intermodulation minimization”, and, of course “illudium Q-36 explosive space modulators”.


This is all to say that as audiophiles we both listen to music and read (and listen) to people talk about music. Within this community, experts carry authority primarily through how they write and talk about sound. There is a consistency in vocabulary and even in tone that characterizes audiophile conversations. Major consumer publications like The Absolute Sound and Stereophile have establishes standards for the kind of language used in the audiophile community. Major web publications like Scot’s Confessions of a Parttime Audiophile, the impossible to navigate 6Moons, or John Darko’s Digital Audio Review follow more or less along the same lines as the print publications. There is some little overlap between contributors to web and print publications, but authors and publishers of web concerns regularly contribute to other websites. Darko writes from TONEAudio and 6Moons. Scot Hull has written for the headphone-oriented Audio360 and The Absolute Sound. The ease with which authors can move across various sites both reflect and contributes to the common tone and approach to describing audio gear. Even the homey and relaxed tone of Jeff Day at his Jeff’s Place blog belies his contributor status at Positive Feedback Online.

The willingness and ability to communicate in a common language and tone is only part of what constitutes expertise in the audiophile community. Most experts in our hobby have access to more exotic brands which can have exorbitant costs and exceedinly limited distributions. Most of will not have the luxury of auditioning in our own home D’Agostino amplifiers or Wilson Speakers not to mention smaller more bespoke brands who create products when ordered or lack robust distribution networks. Experts in the audiophile community mediate access to expensive, rare, and high-quality gear through the use of a common language. As non-experts, we may not always agree with these experts in their opinions of high-end stereo equipment, but they nevertheless have access to equipment that we do not.

This intersection of readers and writers in the field of high-end stereo equipment creates what some have called a community of practice. These communities function through a series of shared expectations and mutually understood actions. Not all members of the community will share equally in the prestige within the community, access, or technical proficiency. In fact, the community includes both the audience for experts as well as the experts themselves.

This almost too long discussion (although not as long as Scot’s) is meant to contribute his efforts to define expertise in our hobby. That we have struggled to define the character of experts in our community is not a huge surprise. The conversation about audio gear depends on how we talk about equipment that in many cases we will never own or even hear. The nature of expertise in this context depends as much on how we talk about things as the things themselves.

Francesca Tronchin (Classical Archaeology News)

drunkarchaeology: This is the pilot episode of the Drunk...


This is the pilot episode of the Drunk Archaeology podcast, and features guests Profs. Eric Poehler and Francesca Tronchin as they spend an hour talking about the history and archaeology of Pompeii. NSFW for language. Download or stream for free. (Note on the audio: After 10 minutes, the primary audio recording software cut out, so the balance of the podcast is mastered from the back-up iPhone recording. We’ll use different software next time.) “Morning After” special feature follows immediately after the podcast ends. Tronchin also adds an addendum: “Between the time Spinazzola’s manuscript got bombed in Milan and Aurigemma reconstituted it, Spinazzola actually died!”

My debut on the Drunk Archaeology podcast! Listen at your own risk!

Samuel Hardy (Conflict Antiquities)

Are these the photos being used to further terrify Christian refugees from Mosul?

On the evening news, San Diego 6 reported an international story that was all too close to home: ‘Local Iraqis worry about family still in Iraq as ISIS ramps up threats.’ After repeated waves of forced migration, there are already more than 35,000 Chaldean Catholic Iraqi refugees (and descendants) in the San Diego area alone. […]

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Who Wrote the Pentateuch?

Rachel Portnoy Bradley shared the following in a comment on Facebook, in response to my post about JEPD as four-part harmony:

In my intro to OT class, we were required to do an “art project” — something creative about what we’d learned that quarter. A group of us got together and sang, “Who wrote the Pentateuch” to the tune of “Who wrote the book of love,” talking about the various sources. I only remember for sure the refrain, “Tell me, tell me who… who who who who… who wrote the Pentateuch……” and then snippets of the verses, like “the J-source was a realist….” and “the E-source was a dreamer….” and “we don’t know much about the P but they were probably all men” or something like that.

If there is no one who actually still has the lyrics to that, perhaps I and/or others should try to recreate it? It seems like it could be pedagogically useful, as well as entertaining.

I also noticed (as one does) that one can easily sing about Abélard and Héloïse to the tune of “Ebony and Ivory.” Just saying…

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES)

[First posted in AWOL 8 October 2009. Updated 23 July 2014]

British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES)
ISSN: 2049-5021 (on-line)
The British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan(BMSAES) is a peer-reviewed, academic journal dedicated to presenting research on all aspects of ancient Egypt and Sudan and the representation of these cultures in modern times.
BMSAES is open-access: all articles in this journal can be viewed and downloaded free-of-charge.
This journal offers scholars the opportunity to include a large number of colour images, and other multimedia content, where appropriate to the article. Accepted papers will be published as soon as possible: there is no defined publication schedule or deadlines, as with print journals. The articles do not need to concern British Museum objects or projects.
For more open access publications of the British Museum, see here.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Unpublished homilies by Severian of Gabala which are not listed in the CPG?

I’m preparing to commission an English translation of CPG 4188, Severian of Gabala’s De Spiritu Sancto (=PG 52. 813-826).  While searching the web for any indication of an existing translation – for I wouldn’t want to duplicate – I came across an article by Danish scholar Holger Villadsen here.  Then, blessedly, I came across a draft of it here, OCR’d, thereby allowing me to use Google Translate to follow the text.

Villadsen was going to edit some of Severian’s homilies for a new volume in the GCS series, but was obliged to withdraw.  So he has some familiarity with the manuscripts, unlike myself.

He lists a couple of interesting-sounding homilies, which are not listed in the Clavis Patrum Graecorum, and have never been printed.

  • Contra Ioudaeos et Graecos.  Supposedly R.F. Regtuit of the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam 1987, included the text of this in his dissertation.  Incipit=πάλιν Ιουδαϊκή κακία.  But Villadsen does not list Regtuit’s 1992 publication of an edition and translation of CPG 4204, In incarnationem domini.  I have this, and it is plainly a thesis.  So I wonder whether there is confusion here.  Unfortunately Regtuit’s book is not to hand.
  • Ad imaginem.  This apparently exists in manuscript cod. Paris. gr. 758, ff. 45-52v.  Incipit=Πρώην ἡμῖν ὁ λόγο.

Note that the original draft contained the incipit for both, which I give; but the (unspecified) font was pre-unicode and the text is gibberish.  If anyone reading this recognises the encoding, or can work out what the words must be, please add a note in the comments.

UPDATE: Fixed incipits – thank you (I presume “logo” should be “logos”!)


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Prazské egyptologické studie PES

 [First posted in AWOL 3 October 2009, updated 23 July 2014]

Prazské egyptologické studie PES
ISSN: 1214-3189
Pražské egyptologické studie (PES) jsou odborným časopisem vydávaným Českým egyptologickým ústavem FF UK. Časopis vychází pravidelně od roku 2002. V roce 2011 se stal recenzovaným periodikem. Posláním Pražských egyptologických studií je informovat českou a slovenskou veřejnost především o současných (nejen archeologických) výzkumech na území Egypta a Súdánu. První rubrika je proto věnovaná zprávám z terénního výzkumu, případně z konferencí a jiných zajímavých akcí. Další část představují jednotlivé studie zaměřené na různé aspekty dějin starověkého Egypta a bádání o něm, v nichž je záběr egyptologického bádání rozšířen díky příspěvkům z oborů historie, orientalistiky a přírodních věd.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Severian bibliography updated

A couple of tweaks to my Severian  bibliography.  As ever, this is not an academic bibliography but just something for my own use from which to commission translations.

UPDATE: Forgot to add notes from Homiliæ Pseudo-Chrysostomicæ.

Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

Corsairs and Pirates in the Eastern Mediterranean

The 2nd International Scientific Conference on The Greek World in Travel Accounts and Maps organized by the Sylvia Ioannou Foundation.

The post Corsairs and Pirates in the Eastern Mediterranean appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

Mould of Athena Chalinitis

A mould that represents the goddess Athena Chalinitis is the chosen exhibit of July presented by the 33rd EPCA and the Archaeological Museum of Arta.

The post Mould of Athena Chalinitis appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

Jim Davila (

The Talmud on the Book of Esther

THIS WEEK'S DAF YOMI COLUMN BY ADAM KIRSCH IN TABLET: Is the Book of Esther—a Story Told In Human Terms, Not Miracles—a Holy Book? Talmudic rabbis, like us, can only study the course of history for the elusive signs of God’s intentions.
This week, Daf Yomi readers began a new tractate, Megilla, which deals with the holiday of Purim—the day on which we read the Megilla or Scroll of Esther. And in Megillat 7a, we learned a surprising fact about that scroll: “Rav Yehuda said that Shmuel said: The book of Esther does not render the hands ritually impure.” All the other books of the Bible transmit tumah, ritual impurity, to those who touch them: As the Koren Talmud explains, the sages instituted this rule in order to discourage people from handling the biblical books too casually. Why doesn’t the Book of Esther follow this pattern? “Is this to say,” the Gemara asks, “that Shmuel maintains that the book of Esther was not stated with the inspiration of the Divine Spirit?”

The rabbis went to quite a lot of effort to find God in the various lucky breaks in the book. The Book of Esther continues to get attention today, especially in international political contexts. See here and links. And yes, that link happens to be the post immediately after the one linked to in the post I just put up, and that's how I noticed it. Coincidence? Do you really think so?

Earlier Daf Yomi columns are noted here and links.

Canine Aramaic?

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Talking to a dog in Aramaic (Adam McCollum).

As good as pirate Aramaic.

Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

Opera, Open Source Annotation, and Ariadne in Naxos

The Open Video Annotation Project is an exciting initiative exploring concepts related to ancient Greek heroes.

The post Opera, Open Source Annotation, and Ariadne in Naxos appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2014.07.27: Die dramatische Zeit in Senecas Tragödien. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 357

Review of Andreas Heil, Die dramatische Zeit in Senecas Tragödien. Mnemosyne supplements. Monographs on Greek and Latin language and literature, 357. Leiden; Boston: 2013. Pp. vii, 250. $136.00. ISBN 9789004244535.

2014.07.26: Marathon Fighters and Men of Maple: Ancient Acharnai

Review of Danielle L. Kellogg, Marathon Fighters and Men of Maple: Ancient Acharnai. Oxford; New York: 2013. Pp. xiv, 348. $125.00. ISBN 9780199645794.

2014.07.25: After Thermopylae: The Oath of Plataea and the End of the Graeco-Persian Wars. Emblems of Antiquity

Review of Paul Cartledge, After Thermopylae: The Oath of Plataea and the End of the Graeco-Persian Wars. Emblems of Antiquity. Oxford; New York: 2013. Pp. xxx, 203. $24.95. ISBN 9780199747320.

2014.07.24: Guide du forum de Philippes. Sites et monuments, 18

Review of Michel Sève, Patrick Weber, Guide du forum de Philippes. Sites et monuments, 18. Athènes: 2012. Pp. 91. €19.00. ISBN 9782869582415.

Jim Davila (

SBL program book

THE SOCIETY OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE has posted a searchable Preliminary Program Book for its upcoming annual meeting in San Diego on 22-25 November. I'm in the following session:
Mysticism, Esotericism, and Gnosticism in Antiquity
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
500 (Level 5 (Cobalt)) - Hilton Bayfront (HB)

Theme: Early Judaism
Featuring reviews of James Davila, Hekhalot Literature in Translation: Major Texts of Merkavah Mysticism (Brill, 2013)

M. David Litwa, University of Virginia, Presiding
Ra'anan Boustan, University of California-Los Angeles
Review of James Davila, Hekhalot Literature in Translation (20 min)
Rebecca Lesses, Ithaca College
Review of James Davila, Hekhalot Literature in Translation (20 min)
James Davila, University of St. Andrews, Respondent (25 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Ryan E. Stokes, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
Reconsidering the Assumption of Moses (25 min)
Tom Hull, Monash University-Victoria Australia
Honest to God: Truth, theodicy and the heavenly law court in 3 Enoch (25 min)
INCHOL YANG, Claremont Lincoln University
The Influence of Ezek. 40-48 on 1Enoch 14:8-25 (25 min)

Laboratoire Orient et Méditerranée

CHARLOUX Guillaume

Dernière mise à jour : 09/12/2013

- Directeur administratif de la Mission "Oasis de l'Arabie déserte" soutenue par le MAE (Dûmat al-Jandal, al-Kharj, Najrân) depuis 2010
- Co-directeur de la mission archéologique de Dûmat al-Jandal (Arabie Saoudite) avec Romolo Loreto (université de Naples) depuis 2010
- Co-responsable du sous-volet A2 "Paysages et édifices" du LABEX Resmed (avec Jean-Yves Carrez) depuis 2010
- Co-organisateur de la formation CNRS sur la prévention des risques professionnels sur les chantiers archéologiques à l'étranger (avec Yann Auger, ingénieur sécurité Paris 5, et Janine Wybier, coordonnatrice nationale adjointe de prévention et de sécurité)
- Chercheur associé au CEFAS

Thèmes de recherches

Archéologie orientale
Karnak au Moyen Empire
La Palestine à l'âge du Bronze ancien
La péninsule arabique avant l'Islam

Projet Inscriptions des déserts d'Arabie. Télécharger le document suivant afin de connaître les règles à suivre.

Word - 36.5 ko

Adresse professionnelle

CNRS - UMR 8167 Orient & Méditerranée
27, rue Paul Bert
94204 Ivry sur Seine Cedex
Tél. 01 49 60 41 29


- 2006 : Doctorat d'Archéologie, université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne : Artisanat et urbanisation de la Palestine à l'âge du Bronze ancien. Apport de l'étude des céramiques à la structure sociale, soutenue le 14 mars 2006, mention très honorable avec les félicitations du jury à l'unanimité, sous la direction de J.-D. Forest ; président du jury : S. Cleuziou). Attaché en tant que doctorant à l'équipe « Du village à l'état au Proche-Orient ancien », ArScan - UMR 7041, Nanterre
- 2002 : Diplôme de l'École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem. Etude technologique des poteries de l'âge du Bronze ancien I, provenant de Tell el-Fâr'ah, près Naplouse : la nécropole, sous la direction de P. de Miroschedji et J.-B. Humbert), Bourse Lavoisier du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, décernée par l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Rapport de M. Caquot dans les CRAIBL 146, 2002, p. 995-997
- 2000 : Diplôme d'Études Approfondies en Archéologie, université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne. L'artisanat et l'urbanisation de la Palestine à l'Âge du Bronze ancien, sous la direction de J.-D. Forest et P. de Miroschedji
- 1998 : Diplôme d'Études Supérieures, Muséologie, École du Louvre. Paul Gaudin (1858-1921), donateur des Musées Nationaux, sous la direction de A.Caubet
- 1997 : Diplôme de Premier Cycle, Histoire de l'art, École du Louvre
- 1994 : Baccalauréat A1, préparé au Lycée militaire de Saint-Cyr-l'École

Expérience professionnelle

2010-2014 : Co-directeur de la Mission archéologique et épigraphique de Dûmat al-Jandal, avec Romolo Loreto (université de Naples, L'Orientale)
Octobre 2011 : participation à la mission de Kharj (fouilles de al-Yamâma), sous la direction de J. Schiettecatte
2008-2011 : Responsable des fouilles archéologiques du chantier 1 à Madâ`in Sâlih (Arabie Saoudite) sous la direction de L. Nehmé et F. Villeneuve
2008-2014 : Membre de la mission Najrân (Arabie Saoudite), sous la direction de C. Robin
Mars 2008 : Co-responsable des fouilles archéologiques du site de Hasî (Yémen), Mission Qatabân, sous la direction de C. Robin
Décembre 2006 - mars, Novembre - octobre 2007 : Responsable des fouilles archéologiques du temple d'Opet à Karnak. Mécénat privé
Juillet-août 2007 : Responsable des fouilles archéologiques des chantiers Bg et K à Tel Yarmouth, sous la direction de P. de Miroschedji.
Août-novembre 2006 : Archéologue à l'Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives (Fouilles de Lisses [responsables d'opération : F. Rosenberger et E. Bergot] et de Saclay [responsable d'opération : O. Blin], Essone
Mai-juin 2006 : Responsable, auprès du CFEETK, de l'étude des céramiques découvertes lors des opérations archéologiques 18, 159-160 et de l'opération archéologique 165 (ZCT / DB2.n.2). Bourse de la fondation Shiff-Giorgini
2002-2005 : Archéologue au CFEETK : responsable de sondages archéologiques dans la zone centrale du Grand Temple d'Amon-Rê à Karnak, sous la direction de Fr. Larché et N.Grimal
Volontariat civil international du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères en 2004-2005 ; Bourse bilatérale professionnelle du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères français et de l'État égyptien en 2002-2003
2000-2001, 2003 et été 2004 : Chargé de Travaux Dirigés à l'École du Louvre
Etés 1999-2001 et 2003 : Archéologue et responsable de l'étude des céramiques du palais de Tel Yarmouth, sous la direction de P. de Miroschedji
Eté 2000 : Archéologue assistant à Tell es-Sakan (Bande de Gaza), chantier C, sous la direction de P. de Miroschedji et de Moain Sadek, co-directeurs des fouilles et de L. Naggiar, archéologue du chantier C
Eté 1999 : Responsable de sondage à Tell es-Sakan (Bande de Gaza), chantier B
1998-1999 : Visiting Fellow à l'Ancient Near Eastern Art Department du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New-York City
Juillet 1995 : Fouilleur bénévole à Tiermes (Espagne), site celte ibérique


2007 Lauréat du prix de la fondation américaine Michela Schiff Giorgini pour la première campagne de fouilles archéologiques du temple d'Opet à Karnak
2007 Bourse « mois chercheur » du CRFJ (mai 2007)
2006 Lauréat du prix de la fondation Louis de Clercq, décerné par l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, pour la thèse Artisanat et urbanisation de la Palestine à l'âge du Bronze ancien. Apport de l'étude des céramiques à la structure sociale, sous la direction de J.-D. Forest
2006 Bourse de la fondation Schiff Giorgini (février, mai et juin 2006)
2002-2003 Bourse bilatérale professionnelle du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères français et de l'État égyptien
2001-2002 Bourse Lavoisier du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, accordée par l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres



CHARLOUX Guillaume & Loreto R., with the participation of al-Tirâd ʿA.H., al-Qa`îd ʿA.A., al-Dâyil ʿA.I., al-ʿArjân H.M., al-Murshd ʿA.N., al-Mâlikî Th.ʿA, Marcolongo A., Morel Q., al-Qahtânî D.M., al-Qahtânî M.H., Schiettecatte J. & Siméon P., 2014. Dûma I. Report of the Saudi-Italian-French Archaeological Project at Dûmat al-Jandal (Saudi Arabia). Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities.

CHARLOUX Guillaume & Loreto R., 2013, Dûmat al-Jandal. 2,800 years of History in Saudi Arabia. Ouvrage bilingue anglais-arabe, EADS.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Angevin R., Marchand S., Monchot H., Roberson J. et Virenque H., avec la participation de I. NÂJÎ MUSTAFÂ, B. IDRÎS MUHAMMAD, M. AL-HUSNÎ MUHAMMAD, G. IBRÂHÎM FU'ÂD, préface de Azim M., introduction de Laroze E., 2012, Le parvis du temple d'Opet à Karnak. Exploration archéologique (2006-2007), Travaux du Centre franco-égyptien d'étude des temples de Karnak, Bibliothèque générale 41, Le Caire, IFAO-CFEETK-CNRS.

CHARLOUX Guillaume et Mensan R., avec des articles de M. Azim et de A. Garric, introduction de N. Grimal, 2011, Karnak avant la XVIIIe dynastie. Contribution à l'étude des vestiges en brique crue des premiers temples d'Amon-Rê, Etudes d'égyptologie 11, Paris, Edition SOLEB.

Arbach M., CHARLOUX Guillaume, al-Murayh S., Robin C. J., al-Saʿîd S., Schiettecatte J. et Tayrân S., en préparation, ʿĀn Jamal (Saudi Arabia), une étape caravanière sur la route de l'encens. Français et arabe.


CHARLOUX Guillaume, Loreto R., 2013, « Oasis rediscovered. Dûmat al-Jandal », Saudi Voyager (Winter 2013), p. 16-18.

Loreto R., CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2013, « The Saudi-Italian-French Archaeological Project at Dûmat al-Jandal (Preliminary Report of the 2012 Season) », La Newsletter di Archeologia CISA 4 : 211–251.

Loreto R., CHARLOUX Guillaume, Makinson M., 2013, « Dûmat al-Jandal, oasis de l'Arabie déserte », Qantara 87, p. 12-15.

Schiettecatte J., al-Ghazzi A., CHARLOUX Guillaume, Crassard R., Hilbert Y., Monchot H., Mouton M. & Siméon P., 2013, “Al-Kharj oasis through time : first results of archaeological fieldwork in the province of Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)”, Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, 43, p. 285-308.

Arbach M., CHARLOUX Guillaume, Schiettecatte J., 2012, « Un sanctuaire rupestre au dieu dhû-Samāwī à ʿān Halkan ((Arabie saoudite) », In : C. Robin et I. Sachet (éds.), Actes du colloque Dieux et déesses d'Arabie. Images et représentations, organisé les 1er et 2 octobre 2007. Orient & Méditerranée 7, Paris, De Boccard, p. 119-130.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2012, « Known and Unknown Archaeological Monuments in Dûmat al-Jandal », Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 42, p. 41-56.

CHARLOUX Guillaume & Loreto R. "The Saudi-Italian-French archaeological project at Dumat al-Jandal : an historical and archaeological overview. In A.Sedov (ed) Rencontres Sabéennes XV, Mosca, State Museum of Oriental Art – Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Science, p. 131-154.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Loreto R., al-Tirâd ʿA.H., al-Qa`îd ʿA.A., al-Dâyil ʿA.I., al-ʿArjân H.M., al-Murshd ʿA.N., al-Mâlikî Th.ʿA, Marcolongo A., Morel Q., al-Qahtânî D.M., al-Qahtânî M.H., Schiettecatte J. & Siméon P., 2012, « Dûmat al-Jandal. Immémoriale oasis d'Arabie Saoudite », Archéologia 495 (janvier), p. 46-55.

Loreto R. & CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2011, « Deserto Verde », Archeo, Attualità del Passato 321 (novembre), p. 26-37.

CHARLOUX Guillaume et Loreto R., 2011, « Dûmat al-Jandal (Arabie saoudite), premières explorations de l'oasis par la Mission archéologique italo-franco-saoudienne », CRAIBL 2011 : 909-919.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2010, « Rapport préliminaire de la première campagne de fouilles archéologiques du parvis du temple d'Opet, à Karnak », Karnak XIII, p. 194-226

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2009, « Régionalismes céramiques en Jordanie à l'âge du Bronze ancien », Revue Biblique 116-2, p. 202-231

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Laroze E., Angevin R., Monchot H., Roberson J. et Virenque H., 2009, « French-Egyptian Excavations at the Opet Temple, Karnak », KMT 20-1, p. 18-26

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Schiettecatte J., Arbach M., Baqué L., al-Basīrī S., Charbonnier J., Cuny J., Émery A., Gajda I., al-Hājj K., Niveleau M., 2009, « Troisième et quatrième campagnes de la mission Qatabān à Ḥaṣī, Yémen », Semitica et Classica 2, p. 227-246

CHARLOUX Guillaume, M. Kaliga al-Mousa et S. Marion de Procé, 2009, « Area 1, Residential Area », dans Hegra I, Report on the First Excavation Season at Madâ'in Sâlih, L. Nehmé, D. al-Tahli et F. Villeneuve (dir.), Riyâd, p. 51-86.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Laroze E., Angevin R., Monchot H., Roberson J. et Virenque H., 2009, « Sous le temple d'Opet à Karnak », Archéologia, 463, p. 28-39

Laroze E. et CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2008, « Premiers résultats des investigations archéologiques de la mission d'étude du temple d'Opet à Karnak (2006-2008) », CRAIBL octobre 2008, p. 1305-1359

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2007, « Karnak au Moyen Empire, l'enceinte et les fondations des magasins du temple d'Amon-Rê », BiGen 28, Karnak XII, p. 191-226

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2007, « Une canalisation en grès du début de la XVIIIe dynastie et résultats complémentaires des fouilles archéologiques du chantier Ha », BiGen 28, Karnak XII, p. 261-284

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2007, « Sondage dans la cour sud du VIe pylône », BiGen 28, Karnak XII, p. 227-246

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2007, « Typologie sommaire des poteries du début du Moyen Empire provenant des cours du VIe pylône », BiGen 28, Karnak XII, pp. 247-260

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Jet J.-F., 2007, « Recherches archéologiques dans la cour nord du VIe pylône », BiGen 28, Karnak XII, p. 285-326

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2006, « La céramique aux lignes peintes », Bulletin du Centre de recherche français de Jérusalem 17, En ligne

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2005, « The Middle Kingdom Temple of Amun at Karnak », Egyptian Archaeology 27, p. 20-24 (et couverture)

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2005, « Découverte d'une canalisation pharaonique au coeur de Karnak », Toutankhamon Magazine, 21, p. 6-8

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2005, « Nouvelle reconstitution du temple de Karnak au Moyen Empire », Toutankhamon Magazine, 20, p. 49-52

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2005-2006, « Production des céramiques et évolution sociale en Palestine de la fin du IVe au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C », Techniques & Culture 46-47, p. 3-4.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Jet J-F., Lanoë E., 2004, « Découvertes archéologiques au coeur du grand temple d'Amon-Rê à Karnak, mai 2002 – juin 2003 », Archéologia 411 (mai), p. 42-49

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Jet J-F., Lanoë E., 2004, « Nouveaux vestiges des sanctuaires du Moyen Empire à Karnak. Les fouilles récentes des cours du VIe pylône », Bulletin de la Société Française d'Egyptologie, 160, p. 26-46

CHARLOUX Guillaume, 2001, « Paul Gaudin et les premières campagnes de fouilles à Yortan et à Aphrodisias », Orient Express 2001/1, p. 24-26

Articles sous presse ou en préparation

Āl Murayh Ṣ., Arbach M., CHARLOUX Guillaume, Dridi H., Gajda I., Robin Ch., [AL-]Saʿîd S., Schiettecatte J., Tairan S., sous presse, « Results of four seasons of survey in the Province of Najrān (Saudi Arabia) – 2007-2010 », ABADY

CHARLOUX Guillaume, traduction de O. Saçikara - E. Akdeniz, sous presse, « Paul Gaudin ve Yortan ve Afrodisias'ta İlk Kazı Kampanyaları », Anadolu Araştırmaları (Journal of Istanbul University)

Benech Ch., CHARLOUX Guillaume, Nehmé L., en préparation, « 2011 Archaeological Seasons at Hegra (Mada'in Sâlih) », Atlal.

CHARLOUX Guillaume, Fiema Z., Nehmé L., Röhmer J., Villeneuve F., en préparation, « 2009-2010 Archaeological Seasons at Hegra (Mada'in Sâlih) », Atlal.

Monchot H. et CHARLOUX Guillaume, sous presse, « The Opet Temple Courtyard Excavations : A Zooarchaeological Reference Study for Karnak (Egypt) », Actes du colloque ASWA 2008

CHARLOUX Guillaume & Schiettecatte J., « Le Bâtiment A à Hasî, Palais des Hasbahîdes ? »

Rapports et monographies

Charloux G. et Loreto R. (eds.) 2013, Dûmat al-Jandal, Rapport préliminaire de la campagne 2012 (octobre-novembre).

Charloux G. et Loreto R., avec la participation de A. K. al-Traad, Ahmad A. al-Qeyaed, M. Arbach, R. al-Khatib al-Kontar, Th. A. al-Malki, A. Marcolongo, B. Marcolongo, Q. Morel, M. al-Garni, C. Robin et P. Simeon ; 2012, Dûmat al-Jandal, Rapport préliminaire de la campagne 2011 (octobre-novembre).

Charloux G., 2011, Mâda`in Sâlih Area 1. fourth season (february 2011). Sous la direction de L. Nehmé, D. al-Tahli et F. Villeneuve

Charloux G. et Loreto R., avec la participation de Abdulhadi K. al-Traad, Ahmad A. al-Qeyaed, Abdulaziz I. al –Dayel, Thamer A. al-Malki, Andrea Marcolongo, Quentin Morel, Dara'an M. al-Qahtani, Mansoor H. al-Qahtani, Jérémie Schiettecatte et Pierre Simeon ; 2010, Dûmat al-Jandal, Rapport préliminaire de la campagne 2010 (octobre-novembre) ; sous le patronage de Alessandro de Maigret, Khaleel I. al-Muayqel et Christian Robin

Charloux G., 2010, Mâda`in Sâlih Area 1. Preliminary Report on the third season of archaeological excavations (january-february 2010). Sous la direction de L. Nehmé, D. al-Tahli et F. Villeneuve

Robin C., Arbach M., Charloux G., Schiettecatte J., 2009, Mission Najrân. Troisième campagne de la Mission archéologique franco-sa`ûdienne dans la région de Najrân

Charloux G., 2009, Mâda`in Sâlih Area 1. Preliminary Report on the second season of archaeological excavations (january-february 2009). Sous la direction de L. Nehmé, D. al-Tahli et F. Villeneuve

Charloux G., Kaliga al-Mousa M., Marion de Procé S., 2008, Mâda`in Sâlih Area 1. Preliminary Report on the archaeological excavations (january-february 2008). Sous la direction de L. Nehmé, D. al-Tahli et F. Villeneuve.

Charloux G., et Schiettecatte J., 2008, Mission Qatabân. Rapport sur la 4e campagne de fouille sur le site de Hasî (Yémen). Sous la direction de C. Robin

Robin C., Arbach M., Charloux G., Schiettecatte J., 2008, Mission Najrân. Deuxième campagne de la Mission archéologique franco-sa`ûdienne dans la région de Najrân

Charloux G., 2008, Rapport préliminaire de la deuxième campagne de fouilles du parvis du temple d'Opet, Karnak. CFEETK

Charloux G., 2008, Rapport préliminaire des fouilles des chantiers Bg et K à Tel Yarmouth (2007). Sous la direction de P. de Miroschedji

Charloux G., 2007, Rapport préliminaire de la première campagne de fouilles du parvis du temple d'Opet, Karnak. CFEETK

Charloux G., 2006, Rapport préliminaire des fouilles archéologiques réalisées dans la seconde salle du deuxième déambulatoire nord de la zone centrale (ZCT / DB2.n.2). CFEETK

Charloux G., 2006, Rapport préliminaire sur la céramique du début du Moyen Empire, découverte lors des opérations 18 (cours du IVe pylône), 159 (chapelle de Thoutmosis III) et 160 (cours du VIe pylône). CFEETK

Charloux G., 2005, Fouilles archéologiques dans l'Akhmenou de Thoutmosis III à Karnak (opération 139). CFEETK

Charloux G., 2004, Deux sondages dans le second déambulatoire sud de la Zone Centrale du Grand Temple d'Amon-Rê (opération 128). CFEETK

Charloux G., 2003, Fouilles archéologiques dans le déambulatoire nord des Salles d'Hatshepsout. CFEETK

Charloux G., 2003, Rapport préliminaire des fouilles de la cour nord du VIe Pylône du Grand Temple d'Amon- Rê à Karnak. CFEETK

Charloux G., 2003, L'angle nord-est de la cour sud de Thoutmosis III (VIe pylône) à Karnak. Rapport préliminaire des fouilles archéologiques du sondage « NE ». CFEETK

Charloux G., 2002, Etude technologique des poteries de l'Âge du Bronze Ancien I, provenant de Tell el-Fâr'ah, près Naplouse : la nécropole. Mémoire de l'EBAF de Jérusalem

Charloux G., 2000, L'artisanat et l'urbanisation de la Palestine à l'Âge du Bronze ancien. Un état de la question. D.E.A., Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Charloux G., 1998, Paul Gaudin (1858-1921), donateur des Musées Nationaux. Mémoire de l'École du Louvre


G. Charloux, « Exploration du réseau hydraulique de Dûmat al-Jandal, oasis de l'Arabie déserte », Journée d'étude sur l'Arabie, 16 mai 2014, Nanterre.

G. Charloux & R. Loreto, « A Cooperative European-Saudi Archaeological Research Program at Dûmat al-Jandal », Riyadh, 11-12 mai 2014.

G. Charloux, « Archéologie des systèmes hydrauliques en milieu désertique : l'oasis de Dûmat al-Jandal à l'étude », Séminaire de licence "Pratiques, Théories, Terrain en archéologie" (Prof. J ;-P. van Staëvel), université Paris IV, 28 mars 2014.

G. Charloux, “Ancient Water Management in Northern Saudi Arabia : The Case of Dûmat al-Jandal Oasis” (english and arabic), King Saud University, 12 janvier 2014.

G. Charloux, “Managing the Water Supply in the Dûmat al-Jandal Oasis (Northern Saudi Arabia). An Exploration of the Ancient Hydraulic System”. International congress on the archaeology of North Arabia, Université de Vienne, 6-7 décembre 2013.

G. Charloux, “Ancient Water Management in Northern Saudi Arabia : The Case of Dûmat al-Jandal Oasis”. National Museum, Riyâdh, 27 novembre 2013.

G. Charloux, M. Cotty, E. Lanoë & M. Makinson, “The Wādî Sirhān in antiquity : questions regarding the (re-)discovery of a fortified settlement at Dūmat al-Jandal, Saudi Arabia”, 46th Seminar for Arabian Studies, Londres, British Museum, 28 juillet 2013.

G. Charloux, M. Cotty, E. Lanoë & M. Makinson, « Questions autour de la découverte d'un établissement fortifié à Dûmat al-Jandal (Arabie Saoudite) », Rencontres Sabéennes 18, Fondation del Duca, Paris, 6 juin 2013.

G. Charloux, « Dumat/Dumata, oasis antique du nord de l'Arabie ». Etat de la recherche, séminaire de M1-M2 Archéologie et histoire de l'Orient hellénistique et romain, Paris 1, F. Villeneuve, 2 avril 2013.

G. Charloux & J. Schiettecatte, « Oasis de l'Arabie déserte », Séminaire de M1-M2 Actualité de la recherche en Histoire de l'Art et Archéologie des pays d'Islam de l'université Paris IV, 4 mars 2013.

G. Charloux & P. Siméon, « Pottery from Dûmat al-Jandal », aL-'Ula, Saudi Arabia, 2 février 2013.

G. Charloux & M. Arbach, “Results of the Saudi-Italian-French Archaeological Project at Dûmat al-Jandal”, Jawf Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, en marge du colloque de la foundation al-Sudairi sur la protection du patrimoine saoudien, novembre 2012.

Avec R. Loreto, « 2011 season at Dûmat al-Jandal », aux XVIes Rencontres Sabéennes à Pise, 8 juin 2012

« Wâdî Sirhân and the 'Eastern Caravan Road' », round Table The Arabian Trade : Between Image and Reality, à Paris, le 3 mai 2012

« Dûmat al-Jandal, une oasis sur les pistes caravanières d'Arabie saoudite », à l'ambassade de France à Riyadh, le 2 octobre 2011

« Dûmat al-Jandal, une oasis sur les pistes caravanières d'Arabie saoudite », au lycée français de Riyadh, 2 octobre 2011

« Known and Unknown Archaeological Monuments in Dûmat al-Jandal », au Seminar for Arabian Studies à Londres – British Museum (Juillet 2011)

« Dûmat al-Jandal (Arabie saoudite), une oasis sur les pistes caravanières d'Arabie saoudite », le 31 mai 2011 à la délégation Paris A du CNRS, Ivry-sur-Seine

Avec R. Loreto, « The Saudi-Italian-French Archaeological Project in Saudi Arabia », aux XVes Rencontres Sabéennes (Moscou, mai 2011)

Avec R. Loreto, « Dûmat al-Jandal (Arabie saoudite), premières explorations de l'oasis par la Mission archéologique italo-franco-saoudienne », note d'information du 20 mai 2011 à l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, sous le patronage de Ch. Robin

Avec M. Arbach, C. Robin, S. al-Saïd, J. Schiettecatte, « Results of three survey seasons in the Najrân Region (Saudi Arabia) », le 10 juin 2010 au Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Rencontres Sabéennes XIV

« Mâda'in Sâlih - Hégra. Troisième campagne de fouilles sur le chantier 1 », le 14 avril 2010 à l'université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne, séminaire de F. Villeneuve

« Aux Origines de Karnak : Découvertes Archéologiques récentes en Haute-Egypte », le Lundi 11 Janvier 2010 à l'Ambassade de France à Riyadh, et le mardi 12 janvier 2010 au consulat général de France à Djeddah (Arabie Saoudite)

« Aux origines de Karnak. Découvertes récentes à Karnak (Egypte) », le 3 novembre 2009 à la délégation Paris A, CNRS, Ivry-sur-Seine

Avec L. Nehmé, « Results of the first seasons of excavation at Mâda'in Sâlih - Hégra », le 6 juin 2009 à la fondation Cino Del Duca, Paris, Rencontres Sabéennes XIII

« Karnak before Karnak », le 29 avril 2009 au département du Tourisme et des Antiquités, Riyadh, à l'invitation du Dr. D. Al-Talhi, directeur de l'archéologie (Arabie Saoudite)

« Mâda'in Sâlih - Hégra. Deuxième campagne de fouilles sur le chantier 1 », le 31 mars 2009 à l'université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne, séminaire de F. Villeneuve

Avec H. Monchot (MNHN, UMR 5198), « The Opet Temple Courtyard Excavations : A Zooarchaeological Reference Study for Karnak (Egypt) », le 18 novembre 2008 , ASWA 9, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi

Avec E. Laroze (CNRS, UMR 8152), « Premiers résultats des investigations archéologiques de la mission d'étude du temple d'Opet à Karnak (2006-2008) », communication du 31 octobre 2008 à l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, sous le patronage de N. Grimal et Ch. Robin

Avec J. Schiettecatte (CNRS, UMR 8167), « Mission Qatabân. Excavations at Hasî », le 12 juin 2008 aux Rencontres Sabéennes XII, Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente, Roma

« Mâda`in Sâlih - Hégra. Première campagne de fouilles sur le chantier 1 », le 6 avril 2008 à l'ENS, séminaire de F. Villeneuve, professeur d'archéologie gréco-romaine

« Tell el-Fâr`ah during the Early Bronze Age IB : Identification of a Social Entity in the Southern Levant », le 5 avril 2006, ICAANE 5, Madrid

« Karnak au Moyen Empire, le temple d'Amon-Rê », le 15 novembre 2005, séminaire de D. Valbelle, professeur d'égyptologie à l'université Paris IV-Sorbonne.

« The Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak during the Middle Kingdom », le 25 décembre 2004 au Momifi cation Museum à Louxor, à l'invitation de M. H. Ghaly, directeur des Antiquités de Thèbes et de Haute Egypte.

« Nouveaux vestiges des sanctuaires du Moyen Empire à Karnak : les fouilles récentes du VIe pylône », Réunion de la Société Française d'Egyptologie, le 29 juin 2004, au grand amphithéâtre de la Sorbonne, Paris IV

« Archaeological Excavations in the Temple of Karnak : New discoveries from the courtyards of the VIth pylône », le 1er mai 2004 au Momification Museum à Louxor, à l'invitation de M. H. Ghaly, directeur des Antiquités de Thèbes et de Haute Egypte

« Production des céramiques et évolution sociale en Palestine de la fin du IVe au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C. », le 15 décembre 2003 à la Maison R. Ginouvès, CNRS, Paris I, Paris X, Nanterre, thèmes transversaux 2 et 3. CNRS, ArScan- UMR 7041

Organisation d'évènements

Formation CNRS : Prévention des risques professionnels sur les chantiers archéologiques à l'étranger, avec Y. Auger et J. Wybier

Rencontres sabéennes XIII, le 4-6 juin 2009 à la fondation Cino Del Duca, Paris. Co-organisation avec I. Gajda, J. Schiettecatte et F. Bron, présidence de C. Robin

Exposition « 40 ans d'archéologie française au Yémen » à Sanaa (CEFAS) en octobre 2010, membre du Comité d'organisation

Interviews et note

Karnak, côté fouilles
Fouillera, fouillera pas ?, ou les incertitudes de l'archéologie française en Egypte
Note dans les « nouvelles de l'égyptologie », Bulletin de la Société Française d'Egyptologie 162, 2005, p. 4
Farès H. 30 juin 2004, « Karnak fascine toujours », Al-Ahram Hebdo. Villeneuve E. août 2003, « Les murs du temple livrent leurs secrets », Le Monde de la Bible 54, p.58

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

3D in 3dì: a Bologna tre giorni dedicati alla stampa 3D

3d-arte-bolognaLa società bolognese Eliofossolo, attiva nell'ambito della stampa 3D, organizza dall'8 al 10 settembre 2014 un evento dedicato "alle nuove opportunità di business aperte dalle tecnologie applicate alla stampa 3D". I primi due giorni, a Farete, il meeting point delle imprese a Bologna, promossa da Unindustria Bologna e giunta alla sua terza edizione, e il terzo giorno con una mattina convegnistica e un pomeriggio di workshop. Fashion, automotive, design, beni culturali sono i temi principali che saranno alla ‘guida’ della tre giorni.

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

Severian of Gabala – On repentance and compunction – now online in English

Bryson Sewell has now translated for us Severian of Gabala’s sermon on repentance.  This is another rather splendid ancient sermon, as most of those attributed to Severian seem to be (so far!).  Whether they are really by Severian may reasonably be doubted a lot of the time, I admit.

Anyway here it is.  It’s also at  As ever, these are public domain.  Use them however you like.

Archaeology and Arts: Αρχαιολογία Online

Göbekli Tepe excavator Klaus Schmidt passes away

Pioneering archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who headed the excavations at Göbekli Tepe, died of a heart attack while swimming in Germany at the age of 61.

The post Göbekli Tepe excavator Klaus Schmidt passes away appeared first on Αρχαιολογία Online.

Mary Beard (A Don's Life)

The Antalya Museum -- and the memorial to Gaius Caesar


A few years back I did a few posts on great museums that aren't as well known as they should be (like the Hunterian in Glasgow). Now I have another to add.

The truth is that I have been having a "holiday" on a boat off the south coast of Turkey, but also visiting some of the antiquities. We started from Antalya and ended up in Göcek -- and on the morning before we embarked, we decided to give the Antalya Museum a quick work over.

If you are ever there, don't miss it.

The sheer quantity of rather good Roman sculpture (not especially brilliant, but good nonetheless) tells Antalya Lysippusyou quite a lot about the whole "image-world" of the Eastern provinces. There are just scores of Roman emperors and other greatest hits of ancient sculpture (including - on the left - a "Farnese" Hercules-type -- recently reunited with its upper part that had ended up in Boston).

But what struck me (though I honestly should have known about it before) was the sculpture from the cenotaph of young Gaius Caesar, Augustus' would-be heir, who died in Lycia (S Turkey) in 4 AD, after being wounded in Armenia.

This was really, really top-notch.

Gaius caesar

 It's clear that when Gaius died at Limyra his ashes were sent back to Rome, but a whacking Mausoleum was built in the city in which he died (there is a big study of this, I now discover, by Ganzert, 1984). The Mausoleum is pretty wrecked, as you can see from the top of this post. But there are a couple of recently discovered sculptured panels from it on display (one of these above -- apparently found in the structure of a local house). This looks like extraordinarily high quality stuff to me (those wonderful profiles behind that splendid horse) : same level as the Ara Pacis, or the Actian Monument at Nicopolis.

 Overall Limyra is a remarkable site, made all the more romantic by the fact that it is now partly waterlogged. It has an interesting post-antique history too. Here you see the outline IMG_3604

and debris of an early Christian church through the water. And here the young locals are using it as a swimming pool (they are just about to dive in).


 There's also a pretty damn good theatre.

All in all a splendid little Lycian town, whose main claim to Roman fame was that the unfortunate young Gaius finally expired there.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Una giornata aperta a tutti per la digitalizzazione dei reperti del Museo Archeologico dell'Umbria

3D-virtual-museum-perugiaIl 5 agosto si terrà a Perugia "3DVirtualMuseum @ Perugia" evento "che mira a coinvolgere la comunità nella creazione di contenuti multimediali per valorizzare al meglio il grande patrimonio archeologico della città. L’obiettivo è di realizzare modelli 3D di una selezione di reperti conservati nel Museo Archeologico Nazionale dell’Umbria e di renderli liberamente fruibili online in un museo virtuale".

Pompei, Ercolano e Stabia partecipano a Wiki Loves Monuments

ercolano-wikimediaI siti archeologici di Pompei, Ercolano, Stabia, Oplonti e Bosco reale entrano nell’elenco dei monumenti che aderiscono a Wiki Loves Monuments Italia. La Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici ha infatti concesso il permesso alla fotografia di questi importantissimi siti archeologici patrimonio dell'umanità. 

All Mesopotamia

ancientart: Seal/ imprint: Hero fighting two winged...


Seal/ imprint: Hero fighting two winged demons. Neo-assyrian or neo-babylonian empire, 8th-7th centuries BCE, made of chalcedony.

Courtesy & currently located at the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon, France. Photo taken by Rama

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Morgantina a colori: per una riscoperta della policromia nell’antica città siculo-greca

morgantina-coloriIn occasione del convegno "La geoarcheologia come chiave di lettura per uno sviluppo sostenibile del territorio", tenutosi il 4 luglio 2014 presso il Museo archeologico di Aidone (Enna), sono stati presentati i primi risultati degli studi condotti nell’ambito del progetto “Morgantina a colori” curato e coordinato dall’archeologo Dr Serena Raffiotta e condotto in collaborazione con la Direzione del Museo Archeologico Regionale di Aidone.

Blogging Pompeii


Saving Pompeii with EU Regional Funds 

Today [20th July 2014], EU Commissioner for Regional Policy, Johannes Hahn, is travelling to Pompeii - the world famous archaeological site, to sign an "Action Plan" with the Italian authorities to accelerate work on the EU's major project to preserve the site. The Action Plan sets down specific measures and targets to complete the project, which is being supported by €78 million worth of investment through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). 

Speaking ahead of the visit, Commissioner for Regional Policy, Johannes Hahn said: "The importance of Pompeii and the EU supported major project to preserve it cannot be overstated. There is a real urgency to accelerate and intensify our efforts. This site is of crucial importance for Campania and its local economy - for Italy and the world. Quite simply it is one of the crowning jewels of Europe's cultural heritage. That's why I am determined to do what I can to make the EU supported major project here a success. The Action Plan we are signing today with the Italian authorities sets down clear targets and deadlines for the way ahead and a series of measures to ensure that those deadlines are respected. It should act as a spur to action and a motivator. I urge all those to seize the challenge and take up their responsibility."

The Pompeii major project was approved in March 2012 by the European Commission. 

  • Three projects at the site have been completed; this includes the Casa del Criptoportico and the Casa delle Pareti Rosse. 
  • Twelve projects are on-going (including Casa di Sirico, Casa del Marinaio, Casa dei Dioscuri, and Casa di Octavianus Quartio). 
  • Nine projects will open soon, including the restoration of the Casa della Fontana Piccola and the Casa della Venere in Conchiglia.

The Commission and the Italian authorities will monitor the Action Plan four times between now and the end of the project (in December 2014, and April, August and December 2015). Targets will be reviewed and progress monitored according to the targets set down.

A presentation of the Action Plan, its official signing, followed by a press conference is expected at Pompeii's Auditorium around 12:30 on 17 July. Present will be Commissioner Hahn, State Secretary to the Italian Prime Minister, Graziano Delrio, Italian Minister for Culture Dario Franceschini, and President of Campania Region, Stefano Caldoro.

Background Around €105 million in total (EU and national contributions combined) have been allocated for the Pompeii major project. The EU part under the European Regional Development Fund "Preservation, Maintenance and Improvement of the archaeological site of Pompeii", is worth €78 million and is part of the "Cultural, Natural and Touristic Attractions" Programme for the 2007-13 budget period. The project is using some of the most sophisticated and up-to-date technology to conserve the ruins of the world renowned UNESCO site which has been badly damaged in recent years. 

The project aims to: 

  • Consolidate the structures of the archaeological site, starting with the areas ranked "high risk" according to the 'Archaeological Risk Map'; 
  • Build a water canalisation and drainage system in the non-excavated state property area leaning over the ancient buildings; 
  • Carry out work to consolidate, restore, preserve and improve the training of staff, working on site for the 'Special Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Naples and Pompeii' (SANP). 
  • Significant measures have also been taken to protect the project – particularly in the area of public procurement - against the influence of organised crime. 
  • Working closely with the European Commission, the Italian authorities have installed a special "prefetto" from the Italian Ministry of the Interior to oversee security and legal aspects of the project from beginning to end. 

From the Archaeology News Network

American Philological Association

CONF: How to Do Things with History: A Conference in Honor of Paul Cartledge

Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge
September 26–27, 2014

Tentative Schedule

Friday, September 26
9:00 Opening Remarks: Paul Millett & Paul Christesen
9: 15: Josh Ober, "The Sparta Game: Violence, proportionality, austerity"
10.00: Kurt Raaflaub -"Early Greek Political Thought and the Ancient Near East: Problems and Considerations"
10:45: Break
11:00: Wilfried Nippel, "Marx and Antiquity"
11:45: Konstantinos Vlassopoulos, "Marxism and ancient history"
12:30: Lunch
1:30: Carol Atack, "'Cyrus appeared both great and beautiful': Xenophon and the performativity of kingship"
2:15: Robin Osborne, "Greek pederasty: an illustrated history"

3:00: Break

3:15: Edith Hall, "The boys from Cydathenaeum: how to do things with Cleon"
4:00: Lene Rubinstein, "Exiles in Athens in the fourth century B.C."
4:45: Break
5:00: Keynote: Timothy Whitmarsh, "History, Chance and Resistance in the Roman World"
6:15: Drinks Reception

Saturday, September 27

Ancient Art

The interior of the hypogeum of the Volumnus family. This...

The interior of the hypogeum of the Volumnus family. This Etruscan tomb is located in Ponte San Giovanni in central Italy, and thought to date to approximately the 3rd century BCE.

Photo taken by CyArk.

July 22, 2014

eClassics Forum

Metropolitan Museum of Art

If you're in the are this summer, check some of this exhibitions in New York's Met:

Design Motifs in Byzantine Art (through August 3rd, 2014)

Or Coming in September:

Assyria to Iberia at the Dawn of the Classical Age

And did you catch Cleopatra's Needle?

No of any related museum exhibits in your area?  Let us know!

Archaeology Magazine

Strange Burials in the Burnt City

burnt-city-iran-odd-buralsSISTAN-BALUCHISTAN, IRAN—More than 1,000 burials have been excavated at the site of the Burnt City in Iran over the past thirty years, but few are stranger than two recent discoveries, according to a report in the Teheran Times. In one burial, archaeologists found the skeleton of an adult man with two dog skulls above his head and 12 human skulls on the side of his grave, and in another, a young man who died between 25 and 30 years old who was buried with his skull and two daggers or cutting tools sitting next to his head on his lower right side. Project director Seyyed Mansur Sajjadi believes that the tools had been used to decapitate the man who was executed for some offense, and then buried with bowls and vases commonly used for funeral rituals. Another unusual burial contained six skulls and various human long bones, all of which lead Sajjadi to wonder what new insights can be gained into the burial practices of the ancient inhabitants of this region more than five thousand years ago. 


ArcheoNet BE

Opstart en enquête archeologische vakvereniging

Om een aantal steeds groter wordende problemen binnen de Vlaamse archeologie te bespreken, staken enkele gemotiveerde archeologen onlangs de koppen bij elkaar. Al te vaak worden grote opgravingen op kortere termijn en met minder middelen uitgevoerd, en dit ten koste van zowel de kwaliteit van de opgraving als de werkomstandigheden van de archeoloog. Daarom leek het noodzakelijk de krachten te bundelen onder de vorm van een vakvereniging. Naast de reeds bestaande werkgeversorganisatie (VONA) wilt de vakvereniging de terreinarcheologen verenigen, een stem geven en hun belangen behartigen. 

De vereniging moet een aanspreekpunt vormen, evenals informatie en ondersteuning bieden. De uitwerking van de vakvereniging draait op volle toeren. In de eerste plaats is het noodzakelijk een beeld te verkrijgen van de meest terugkerende problemen waar archeologen mee geconfronteerd worden. Hiervoor werd een enquête opgesteld. Iedereen die op professionele basis werkzaam is in de archeologie wordt door de vereniging vriendelijk uitgenodigd deze vóór 31 juli in te vullen via deze link. Uit de resultaten zal blijken waar de vakvereniging zijn klemtoon zal moeten leggen.

Indien u opmerkingen heeft of meer informatie wil, kan u het opstartend team bereiken via

Open Access Archaeology

Open Access Archaeology Digest #487

Your Open Access (free to read) Archaeology daily:

A Late Bronze Age Burial from Orrock near Burntisland

On a Monument in the Cloister of St. Maria Annunziata, at Florence

The ‘turning’ of Scotland

Mediaeval Military Architecture in England

Knives in early Saxon burials: blade length and age at death

Learn more about Open Access and Archaeology at:

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

La population des contreforts du Caucase du Nord-Ouest à l’époque romaine

Malyshev, A. A., éd.  (2011) : Население предгорий Северо-Западного Кавказа в римскую эпоху: по материалам некрополя в Широкой Балке. (Некрополи Черноморья. Т. IV) /,Naselenie predgorij Severo-Zapadnogo Kavkaza v rimskuju jepohu: po materialam nekropolja v Shirokaja Balka, (Nekropoli Chernomor’ja. T. IV) Moscou, [La population des contreforts du Caucase du Nord-Ouest à l'époque romaine: d'après le matériel de la nécropole de Shirokaja Balka]

Cet ouvrage publie les résultats de fouilles effectuées dans les années 1970 dans la nécropole de l’extrémité sud-est du royaume du Bosphore. Cette nécropole est composée pour l’essentiel de tombes du Ier au IIIe s.. On trouve également quelques tombes correspondant à l’occupation hunnique.

Après avoir présenté, les types de tombes, qui sont assez proches de celles des populations voisines, l’ouvrage présente un inventaire des découvertes, en s’attardant sur les milliers de perles retrouvées. Elles sont de matériaux (corail, ambres, verres, jade) et d’origines assez variées (Baltique, Méditerranée, Egypte, Inde, Syrie…). Les objets métalliques (armes, miroirs, broches…) sont aussi l’objet d’une grande attention aussi bien dans leur compositions que dans leurs technique de réalisation.

On peut regretter qu’il n’y ait pas d’analyse des corps, qui ont malheureusement disparu depuis les fouilles.

Le sommaire  en anglais (merci à l’éditeur)

Chapter 1. Description of burial associations. Catalogue (A.V. Dmitriev, N.P. Dovgalyuk, A.A. Malyshev, A.A. Maslennikov, N.A. Onaiko).
Chapter 2. Burial rite and planigraphy of the Shirokaya Balka necropolis (A.A. Malyshev)
Chapter 3. Grave goods from the Shirokaya Balka necropolis (A.A. Malyshev)
Chapter 4. Beads of the Shirokaya Balka necropolis (N.P. Dovgalyuk)
Chapter 5. Non-ferrous artefacts from the Shirokaya Balka necropolis: Features of metal composition (I.G. Ravich)
Chapter 6. Production technology of swords from the Shirokaya Balka necropolis: Data of archaeometallographic investigation (N.N. Terekhova)
Conclusions (A.A. Malyshev)
Summary (Translated by L.I. Avilova)
In memoriam
Nadezhda Anisimovna Onaiko (12.08.1921 — 17.10.1983) (A.V. Dmitriev, A.A. Maslennikov)
Natalia Petrovna Dovgalyuk (27.06.1969 — 13.06.2010) (Yu.L. Shchapova, N.V. Yeniosova, Yu.A. Likhter, V.V. Murasheva, T.G. Saracheva, E.K. Stolyarova)
About the authors

Un compte-rendu en russe

Archaeology Magazine

"Last of the Mohicans" Site Excavated


Lake-George-MassacreLAKE GEORGE, NEW YORK—The AP reports that a team led by Plymouth State University archaeologist David Starbuck is digging at Lake George Battlefield Park, a stretch of ground south of Lake George that saw significant military action during the eighteenth century, particularly during the French and Indian War (1755-63). In 1755, Colonial troops and their Mohawk allies fought a battle there against French detachments, successfully fending off an ambush and subsequent attack. In 1757, British and Colonial troops camped at the site during the French siege of the nearby Fort William Henry. After the surrender of the fort to the French, the colonial forces began a retreat from the camp, but were ambushed by Indians, who killed some 200. The infamous massacre inspired James Fenimore Cooper to write the "The Last of the Mohicans." Starbuck hopes to find evidence related to both the 1755 battle and the camp associated with the massacre. So far, the team has uncovered mainly fragments of eighteenth-century wine bottles. 


Possible Celtic Inscription Deciphered in Spain


BETANZOS, SPAIN—A long-overlooked and enigmatic inscription on the buttress of a fourteenth-century church in Spain's Galicia region is attracting new attention thanks to researchers who claim to have deciphered it. The Local reports that a group of scholars believe the inscription was written in a Gaelic language, the first direct written evidence of the area's Celtic heritage, and reads simply "An Ghaltacht," or "Gaelic-speaking area." The researchers are part of the Gaelaico Project, a private effort that brings together linguists, geographers, and historians to search for evidence of Galicia's Celtic history and specifically its close ties to Ireland, which many specialists have hitherto dismissed as pseudo-history. "If our interpretation is right, the inscription isn't related to religious matters, but rather to the language that was spoken in Galicia at the time," said Gaelaico Project head Martín Fernández Maceiras. The team is hoping to get a second opinion on the inscription from outside epigraphists. 



Kate Cooper (kateantiquity)

Mary Magdalene and the Gospel According to Mary


Pierre Puvis De Chavannes (1824-98), Mary Magdalene in the Desert (source: WIkimedia Commons)

In honour of Mary Magdalene’s Feast Day, I offer an extract from Band of Angels about the Gospel of Mary’s indignant account of the apostle Peter’s attack on a disciple named Mary. Those curious to learn how at least two different ‘Mary’s in the New Testament were merged into the medieval saint we know as Mary Magdalene can read a different essay on that topic here.

Perhaps the most contentious of the early Christian sources which were not included in the New Testament are the non-canonical gospels: narratives which claim to remember the story of Jesus and his community through the eyes of disciples other than Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The dates of many of these ‘other gospels’ are uncertain. Some preserve first-century traditions, while others seem to have been written afresh in the second or third century.

One of the most important of these ‘other’ gospels is the enigmatic Gospel of Mary, which tells how Jesus imparted some of his most precious teachings to a female disciple and how she struggled to convince the male apostles to listen to what Jesus had told her. Many scholars believe that the ‘Mary’ in the text is Mary Magdalene.

The Gospel of Mary was written in the first or second century. It was forgotten for centuries, and only rediscovered at the end of the nineteenth century. The text as we know it today is incomplete, surviving in three overlapping fragments of different lengths.

An early third-century papyrus fragment, now in the John Rylands Library in Manchester, preserves an important segment of the narrative. In the Manchester fragment, Mary speaks to three of the male disciples, revealing what the Saviour has told her in private, and the men react with uncertainty to her revelation. The passage expands on a memory also preserved in Luke’s Gospel, that after his Resurrection, Jesus spoke first to the women. Both Luke and the Gospel of Mary agree that when the women tried to tell the male disciples what had happened, they were met with disbelief, the only marked difference being that in the Gospel of Mary, Mary is not with the other women.

According to this gospel, Peter and Andrew were disturbed by Mary’s revelation that Jesus had entrusted her with a message for the disciples. Andrew believed that what she had to say must be false, because he and the other men would have recognized any genuine teaching of Jesus. He was sure that true teaching would strike them as familiar because they knew his way of thinking. Peter’s objection was more personal. He did not like the fact that Jesus had spoken privately to Mary, when he could just as easily have addressed the gathered group. However, he does not directly accuse Mary of telling a falsehood. Instead, he takes the dismissive tactic of suggesting that, by definition, anything Jesus said in private to a woman could not be important. But the third man, Levi, defended the idea that Jesus could have chosen Mary to deliver a particular teaching.

Peter and Mary arguing, from P.Rylands 463 verso

Greek Papyrus fragment of the Gospel of Mary, in which Peter attempts to dismiss Mary’s witness. John Rylands Library no. 463 (early third century)

“Levi says to Peter, ‘Peter, thy angry temper is ever with thee and even now you question the woman as though you were her adversary. If the Saviour deemed her worthy, who are you to despise her? For He, who knew her well, truly loved her. So let us be ashamed, and, acting like proper men, let us do what has been commanded, to preach the Gospel without making rules or laying down laws other than the Saviour gave.’ When he had spoken in this way, Levi left, and began to preach the Gospel according to Mary.

Clearly, Levi represents the writer’s own point of view here. The anonymous writer acts as Mary’s champion and defends her teaching against Peter’s hostility.

The argument between the four disciples seems to be our anonymous writer’s way of exploring the different positions being taken by the men and women of his own day on the question of an alternative tradition being handed down by women. But he is also expressing his concern that the Church is changing, and not for the better. In his eyes, Peter seems to represent the voice of a faction in the community which wants to ‘make rules or lay down laws other than the Saviour gave’ – in other words, a group that wants to develop an institutional structure to replace the more fluid and informal movement of the early decades. This was clearly a topical warning after the death of the disciples who had known Jesus. Levi thinks that the new rules are a way of drawing the community away from fulfilling its task of preaching the gospel. The anonymous writer seems to be using Levi to suggest that too much emphasis on authority from the ‘Peter faction’ is stifling the Church.

The date of the Gospel of Mary is uncertain, but what is clear is that it was written at a time when the structures of authority in the churches were beginning to be more formal, or perhaps when a debate was emerging about whether the structures ought to become more formal. This offers a contrast to the Gospel of Luke, which is dated to the late first century. Luke sees roles in the community as fluid, including the position of women. He sometimes offers women as an example of morally attractive humility and single-minded devotion to Jesus; at other times he sees them as flawed in just the same way as men. So, for example, Mary of Bethany and the Prodigal Son both demonstrate a heightened devotion to Jesus despite their lack of standing within the family, while Martha and the Prodigal’s older brother are asked to be generous from their own position of acknowledged leadership.

We do not know whether the debate between Mary and Peter really took place, or whether it was a story invented or embroidered later on in order to symbolise a debate taking place in the later churches. It is likely that the debate reflected in the Gospel of Mary was, among other things, a matter of growing pains. Christianity had begun as a loosely structured movement growing organically out of existing friendships and family networks. But by the end of the first century it had begun the long transition to a more institutional structure, and the centrality of women would be challenged as a result (This extract has been edited.)

Dominican nuns of Summit

What do modern nuns do on St Mary Magdalene’s Feast Day? They celebrate! Photo os Dominican nuns in Summit, New Jersey, who revere Mary Magdalene as one of their spiritual patrons.(source:



Ancient Peoples

Limestone column capital of the god Bes 39.5cm high and 52cm...

Limestone column capital of the god Bes

39.5cm high and 52cm wide (15 9/16 x 20 1/2 inch.) 

Egyptian, Ptolemaic Period, 332 - 30 BC. 

Source: Metropolitan Museum

Shawn Graham (Electric Archaeology)

Topic Modeling Greek Consumerism

I’m experimenting. Here’s what I did today.

1. Justin Walsh published the data on which his book, ‘Consumerism in the Ancient World’, rests.

2. I downloaded it, and decided I would topic model it. The table, ‘Greek Vases’, has one row = one vase. Let’s start with that, though I think it might be more useful/illuminating to decide that ‘document’ might mean ‘site’ or ‘context’. But first things first; let’s sort out the workflow.

3. I delete all columns with ‘true’ or ‘false’ values. Struck me as not useful. I concatenated all columns into a single ‘text’ column. Then, per the description on the Mallet package page for R, I added a new column ‘class’ which I left blank. So I have ‘id’, ‘class’, ‘text’. All of Walsh’s information is in the ‘text’ field.

4. I ran this code in R, using R studio:

## from
## Create a wrapper for the data with three elements, one for each column.
## R does some type inference, and will guess wrong, so give it hints with "colClasses".
## Note that "id" and "text" are special fields -- mallet will look there for input.
## "class" is arbitrary. We will only use that field on the R side.
documents <- read.table("modified-vases2.txt", col.names=c("id", "class", "text"),
                        colClasses=rep("character", 3), sep="\t", quote="")
## Create a mallet instance list object. Right now I have to specify the stoplist
## as a file, I can't pass in a list from R.
## This function has a few hidden options (whether to lowercase, how we
## define a token). See ?mallet.import for details.
mallet.instances <- mallet.import(documents$id, documents$text, "/Users/shawngraham/Desktop/data mining and tools/stoplist.csv",
                                  token.regexp = "\\p{L}[\\p{L}\\p{P}]+\\p{L}")
## Create a topic trainer object.
num.topics <- 20
topic.model <- MalletLDA(num.topics)

## Load our documents. We could also pass in the filename of a
## saved instance list file that we build from the command-line tools.

## Get the vocabulary, and some statistics about word frequencies.
## These may be useful in further curating the stopword list.
vocabulary <- topic.model$getVocabulary()
word.freqs <- mallet.word.freqs(topic.model)

## Optimize hyperparameters every 20 iterations,
## after 50 burn-in iterations.
topic.model$setAlphaOptimization(20, 50)

## Now train a model. Note that hyperparameter optimization is on, by default.
## We can specify the number of iterations. Here we'll use a large-ish round number.

## NEW: run through a few iterations where we pick the best topic for each token,
## rather than sampling from the posterior distribution.

## Get the probability of topics in documents and the probability of words in topics.
## By default, these functions return raw word counts. Here we want probabilities,
## so we normalize, and add "smoothing" so that nothing has exactly 0 probability.
doc.topics <- mallet.doc.topics(topic.model, smoothed=T, normalized=T)
topic.words <- mallet.topic.words(topic.model, smoothed=T, normalized=T)

## What are the top words in topic 7?
## Notice that R indexes from 1, so this will be the topic that mallet called topic 6., topic.words[7,])

## Show the first few documents with at least 5
head(documents[ doc.topics[7,] > 0.05 & doc.topics[10,] > 0.05, ])

## End of Mimno's sample script(Not run)

###from my other script; above was mimno's example script <- t(doc.topics) <- / rowSums(
write.csv(, "vases-topics-docs.csv" ) 

## Get a vector containing short names for the topics
topics.labels <- rep("", num.topics)
for (topic in 1:num.topics) topics.labels[topic] <- paste(, topic.words[topic,],$words, collapse=" ")

# have a look at keywords for each topic
write.csv(topics.labels, "vases-topics-labels.csv") ## "C:\\Mallet-2.0.7\\topics-labels.csv")

### do word clouds of the topics
for(i in 1:num.topics){ <-,
                                      topic.words[i,], 25)
                  c(4,.8), rot.per=0,

And this is what I get:
Topic # Label
1 france greek west eating grey
2 spain ampurias neapolis girona arf
3 france rune herault colline nissan-lez-ens
4 spain huelva east greek drinking
5 france aude drinking montlaures cup
6 spain malaga settlement cup drinking
7 france drinking bouches-du-rhone settlement cup
8 france cup stemmed herault bessan
9 france marseille massalia bouches-du-rhone storage
10 spain ullastret settlement girona puig
11 france settlement mailhac drinking switzerland
12 spain badajoz cup stemless castulo
13 spain ampurias settlement girona neapolis
14 france beziers drinking cup pyrenees
15 spain krater bell arf drinking
16 transport amphora france gard massaliote
17 france settlement saint-blaise bouches-du-rhone greek
18 france marseille massalia west bouches-du-rhone
19 spain jaen drinking cemetery castulo
20 spain settlement abg eating alicante

The three letter acronymns are ware types. The original data had location, context, ware, purpose, and dates. Still need to figure out how to get Mallet (either on the command line or in R) to treat numerals as words, but that’s something I can ignore for the moment. So what next? Map this I guess, in physical and/or temporal space, and resolve the problem of what a ‘document’ really is, for archaeological topic modeling. Here, look at the word clouds generated at the end of the script whilst I ruminate. And also a flow diagram. What it shows, I know not. Exploration, eh?justin-walsh-data-flow




Preview screening of Promakhos – a film about the Parthenon Marbles

I was fortunate enough to be invited last week to a preview screening (essentially where they drum up intereste from possible distributors etc) for the film Promakhos, which I have already written about previously here.

The event was well attended, with Stephen Fry giving his thoughts on it afterwards and leadng a question & answer session with the two directors.

Marbles Reunited has already done a very good writeup of the event – so I won’t try & repeat their work, but will just give a summary of my own thoughts on the film.

Styled as a legal thriller, it follows the story of one person’s fight to use the courts to secure the return of the Elgin Marbles to Greece. There are many dramatic scenes in it, and perhaps the most memorable part is where Paul Debevec’s superlative three-dimensional model of the Parthenon is broght to life in the room, as the people wander around it, stepping into a rebuilt past through the use of virtual reality glasses.

As you can imagine, things do not always proceed smoothly – yet the film’s protagonist manages to maintain his vision & despite the ups & downs remains focussed on the goal of securing the return of the sculptures.

The cinematography is magnificent, and for anyone who has ever spent time in Athens, prefectly manages to capture the spirat of the city, through othersise unremarkable details, in a way that perhaps holds far more of its modern day charm than many films, that only see things through the eyes of a tourist. There are various allusions throught the film to ancient Greece & aspects of mythology, helping to further anchor the present day story into the ethos of ancient Athens & to show the importance of the Parthenon Sculptures to Greeks.

The film is set against the backdrop of the financial crisis & the unrest that followed in Athens – and as such is very much of its time. However, that it just because it takes place now – the story that it is telling could largely be transplanted to any other time in the campaign for the return of the sculptures & would continue to make sense. It is not something that the British Museum can just ignore with the hope that it goes away.

There are a few amusing moments too – particularly, when during the cases, others highlight their own countries requests for the return of arterfacts from the British Museum.

The film is not on display publicly anywhere yet – in the meantime though, you can watch the trailer, to give you a flavour of what it is about.

Stephen Fry with one of the directors at the preview screening of Promakhos

Stephen Fry with one of the directors at the preview screening of Promakhos

The post Preview screening of Promakhos – a film about the Parthenon Marbles appeared first on Elginism.

The Archaeology News Network

Archaeologists find bizarre burials in Burnt City

An archaeological team, which has been assigned to reconstruct the ancient society of the 5200-year-old Burnt City in a new research project, have found several bizarre burials. Grave 2810 of the 5200-year-old Burn City contains the body of a man, who it is surmised was beheaded for some offense [Credit: CHN]“From 1200 graves, which have been discovered in the Burnt City since 1975 during various archaeological excavations, there are...

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Archaeological News on Tumblr

Join the search for a mysterious King at Silchester Roman Town

History enthusiasts can find out more about life in Roman Britain by visiting the University of Reading’s Silchester Roman Town Open Days on Saturday, July 26 and Saturday, August 9 this year.

Silchester experts will give tours and talks during the free open days and children can dress-up as Celts or Romans and take part in a mini excavation as well as handle some fascinating finds.

The Roman town, which was founded in the first century AD, was built on the site of an Iron Age town, Calleva. The Roman amphitheatre and town walls are some of the best preserved in Britain, and are open to the public. The town was abandoned some time after 400AD for reasons that are not fully understood. This makes it one of only six Roman towns in Britain that are not still populated. Read more.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Remains of medieval manor house excavated at dog stadium car park

The remains of a 14th century medieval manor house are being excavated beneath Walthamstow Stadium’s former car park prior to development of the site.

A section of the car park site opposite the stadium in Chingford Road is currently being excavated by archaeologists from University College London (UCL).

The manor house, known as Salisbury Hall, was demolished in the 1950s.

Salisbury Hall was one of five manor houses in the area built during the 14th century. Read more.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

The Gospel According to the Other Mary

American composer John Adams’ opera, The Gospel According to the Other Mary, has been released on CD by Deutsche Grammophone. It can be purchased through, which also has some videos of the composer talking about Peter Sellars’ minimalist realization of the piece. The English National Opera will be performing its stage debut later this year. NPR recently featured a discussion of the piece.

I definitely need to get myself a copy. It seems like exactly the sort of thing that I will enjoy, musically as well as conceptually.

Ancient Peoples

Limestone ostracon with a sketch of a pharaoh spearing a...

Limestone ostracon with a sketch of a pharaoh spearing a lion

14cm high and 12.5 cm wide (5.5 x 4 15/16 inch.)

Egyptian, New Kingdom, Ramesside Period, dynasty 20, 1186 - 1070 BC. 

Source: Metropolitan Museum

Archaeological News on Tumblr

70,000 year-old African settlement unearthed

During ongoing excavations in northern Sudan, Polish archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Poznań, have discovered the remains of a settlement estimated to 70,000 years old. This find, according to the researchers, seems to contradict the previously held belief that the construction of permanent structures was associated with the so-called Great Exodus from Africa and occupation of the colder regions of Europe and Asia.

The site known as Affad 23, is currently the only one recorded in the Nile Valley which shows that early Homo sapiens built sizeable permanent structures, and had adapted well to the wetland environment.

This new evidence points to a much more advanced level of human development and adaptation in Africa during the Middle Palaeolithic. Read more.

New archaeological finds uncovered at Wari complex in Peru

Lima — A number of underground galleries, mausoleums, astronomical tables and human remains were found at the archaeological complex of Wari in Peru’s central Andean region of Ayacucho, reported Jose Ochatoma, lead archaeologist of the excavation project.

Research work is carried around the area, in Monqachayuq and VegachayuqMoqo sectors, where the above-mentioned vestiges were uncovered.

According to Ochatoma, such remains are from the Wari culture, the first Andean empire that then took part of the Incan dominion. Read more.

Archaeologists find bizarre burials in Burnt City

TEHRAN — An archaeological team, which has been assigned to reconstruct the ancient society of the 5200-year-old Burnt City in a new research project, have found several bizarre burials.

“From 1200 graves, which have been discovered in the Burnt City since 1975 during various archaeological excavations, there are several burials which are very odd and mysterious,” team director Seyyed Mansur Sajjadi told the Persian service of CHN on Monday.

Located 57 kilometers from the Iranian town of Zabol in Sistan-Baluchestan Province, the Burnt City was excavated for the first time by the Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente (IsIAO) team led by Maurizio Tosi in 1967. The team conducted nine seasons of excavations until 1978. Read more.

Archaeologists find baths of "sociable" Romans and early evidence of Christianity in Durham

Excavating two large trenches near Bishop Auckland, experts say a silver ring from the site evidences Christianity in Roman Britain.

The walls of the bath, where features such as a bread oven nod to an important social as well as recreational space, would once have been covered with brightly-coloured paint designs, with the original floor, doorways, window openings and an inscribed altar dedicated to the Roman Goddess, Fortune the Home-bringer, also surfacing.

“The form of the ring and the shape of the stone seem to indicate a 3rd century date,” says Dr David Petts, who is coordinating a project which has entered a fifth week in its sixth year of investigations. Read more.

The Archaeology News Network

Gaelic inscription found on medieval Spanish church

An ancient inscription discovered on a 14th century church in Spain's Galicia region has been identified as Gaelic; the first written evidence of the northern region’s Irish and Scottish heritage. The Church of Santiago, Betanzos [Credit: WikiCommons]For centuries it has gone unnoticed, weathered by Galicia’s incessant drizzle but still visible to those with an eagle-eye. On one of the granite walls of Santiago church in the small...

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Réseaux sociaux et contraintes dans l'Antiquité Tardive. Actes de la journée d'études (Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, 27 juin 2013)

Revue des Études Tardo-antiques Supplément 1 (2013-2014)
Réseaux sociaux et contraintes dans l'Antiquité Tardive. Actes de la journée d'études (Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, 27 juin 2013)édités par ARIANE BODIN et TIPHAINE  MOREAU, juillet 2014, 331 p. (ISSN 2115-8266).
[publication en ligne : 21/07/2014]


 Préface par Ariane Bodin et Tiphaine Moreau - p. 3-6.



Contraintes et réseaux familiaux
AbstractThe question of the constraint in the familial strategies appears as a good instrument to detect the tensions within the familial networks. It is not easy to know if the constraints has increased at the end of the Antiquity, in the case of the ascetic vocations as the young girls’ kidnappings. The same goes for the conflicts’ intensity. If the resistance of young ascetics against the parental authority appears as a topos of the hagiographical texts, some modern historians see only about it a rhetorical trick and stress on the contrary the strategies of évitement and wait-and-see policy, of the parents as the children. The familial network mobilized on occasions was restricted to the nuclear family and the close collaterals, but the father did not really control all the process, because of the effective wife’s role.

AbstractEven though during the Roman Republic the pagan Roman aristocrats were used to remind the social origin of a grandfather or great-grandfather to establish their legitimacy, the Christian clerics of the late antique period would brag about their female ancestors to build up a Christian family history. From the mid-fourth century, they sang the praises of all the family members who were said to have deliberately chosen the second conversion, i. e. asceticism and chastity. In 1987, Claude Lepelley asserted that Augustine had no choice but to convert to Christianity in 386, and after him, we shall analyse whether the family members of clerics had other options than to choose sanctum propositum. The network approach was useful as it helps avoiding clerical discourses, that tended to present the second conversion as a purely individual and spiritual path. But these people were inserted into a Christian network that seemed to give them a little latitude. This paper shall examine some families of late-antique Italian and African bishops, including those of Damasus of Rome, Ambrose of Milan, Augustine of Hippo and Gregory the Great.

AbstractThis study deals with the usurpations which affected the Gallic dioceses during the fifth century and especially on their repercussions on the destiny of the plotters’ progeny and parents. Having in one’s gens a plotter or even a usurper compelled to set up diverse strategies to live down or bowdlerize this embarrassing episod and, at the end, to get back central autorities’ favours and to keep one’s place into the Gallic aristocratic groups. This compromising past had various consequences from one man to the other. After a probationary time, some of them could access leading political offices anew because they had succeeded in repositioning themselves in aristocratic groups and in regaining central power’s trust. Others, less visible in the sources, had less favorable fates since they were excluded from the political scene and from the most influent aristocratic groups. Therefore, this study will try to highlight the variety of such career paths.

Contraintes comportementales au sein des réseaux
AbstractThis study looks at books 14 to 16 of Ammianus Marcellinus’ Res Gestae; it investigates the various compulsions that evolve from the social networks of officials under Constantius II between 353 and 357. As a protector domesticus attached to the magister equitum Ursicinus, the Antiochene historian Ammianus is a keen observer, who himself is involved in social interactions at the highest level of the Roman state. Hostile to the Emperor Constantius (337-361) and favorable to his immediate successor Julian (361-363), Ammianus offers us a dedicated and critical perspective on the social networks of the Roman elite. For Ammianus, social coercion results from interactions and behaviour that he considers unjust, inappropriate, and detrimental forgroups of elite individuals, whether they are connected through official hierarchies, family ties, or personal relationships. He argues that cruelty, injustice, and the vices of those in power - Constantius, Gallus and their officials - create fatal compulsions within the networks of social relations.

Otium et decus. Les contraintes du « devoir de loisir » dans les réseaux aristocratiques de l'Occident romain tardif (IVe - Ve s. ap. J.-C.) - p. 137-156.
AbstractThis article analyses the function of domestic leisure in the “being” and “seeming” of aristocracies of Late Antiquity in the West. In order to outline a new approach to the « ideology of otium », and its importance in belonging to an aristocratic network, this scheduling article seeks to connect the political rhetoric and use of the concept of otium with descriptions of concrete practices of leisure. I would consider domestic leisure as an issue of social and cultural changes of Late Antiquity.

Contraintes chez les lettrés et les fonctionnaires impériaux 

Réseau social de Libanios à travers sa Correspondance et les contraintes de la rhétorique - p. 159-176.
AbstractBasing on some 1544 Libanius’letters (dated from 355 to 365 and from 388 to 393) which have come down to us, we can gather information about the relationships between the Antiochian rhetorician, devoted to the civic ideal, and the other members of the Eastern society, sophists, students, civil servants, ministers, princes’ advisors etc. They maintain ties of different kinds, such as friendship, intellectual complicity and common service. But the letters obey strict literary rules, as it is defined by epistolary tracts, and social duties. Due to the interdependance of networks, one needs diplomatic skills and cleverness. The purpose of such networks may be direct (e. g. letters of recommendations), or indirect, glorifying the recipient and shaping the author’s self-image, the henceforth immortal Libanius.

AbstractThe coercion on religious life exercised by late antique emperors has often been studied from a merely institutional point of view. It should not be forgotten, however, that the emperor was also able to mobilize social networks in order to ensure the enactment of his decisions. Taking as its starting point volumes II and III of the Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire by J. R. Martindale, this study will focus on the lay representatives of the emperor. It shows that all the dignitaries and officials were concerned with religious policy. Whilst this confirms the sanctity of the court, acts of religious coercion take on different forms according to the hierarchy of courtiers. In addition, individual religious beliefs and geographical origins played a role in the emperor’s choice of his representative. Finally, we will consider the real failures of imperial power in the field of religious coercion.

Pouvoirs et contraintes religieuses
AbstractThis article focuses on the part played by Ambrose of Milan in the construction of an episcopal network in Northern Italy which was supposed to fight against Arianism. To control of these new bishops, whose sees had been recently created, Ambrose took advantage of unequal relations between debtors and creditor produced by the episcopal election. The letters clearly reflect how Ambrose made use of these bishops who were in his debt (Felix of Como, Bassianus of Lodi, Gaudence of Brescia) so as to achieve the objectives of the network. By taking its inspiration from the patronus-cliens relationship and from the aristocratic amicitia, the ambrosian leadership maintained the cohesion of this network that was a centralized and hierarchical one, though made up of peers from an ecclesiastical point of view.

Contrainte(s) et réseau(x) dans les Vies des saints orientaux de Jean d’Éphèse - p. 241-272.
AbstractThe Lives of the Eastern Saints by John of Ephesus (507-586) is one of the main sources at our disposal in Syriac language which allows us to know anti-chalcedonian circles. Closely related to the miaphysite sphere, John of Ephesus nevertheless strictly converted to the chalcedonian doctrine the populations of Asia Minor that Justinian had entrusted him to (re) convert. Thus, John of Ephesus gives us both an inner and external outlook upon the miaphysite movement. The pressure is exerted in different ways on the antichalcedonian circles, affecting them at several levels. Following the Concile of Chalcedon (451), whole provinces go over to miaphysitism. The emperors’ policies concerning anti-chalcedonians waver between expressions of Union and periods of coercion and repression, which gradually push miaphysites to organize themselves into networks to survive. The birth of these networks thus depends on the constraints bearing on these communities. One should not forget however the other side of the coin, that is the constraints or obligations that these new networks impose on their members. First of all, we will see how, according to John of Ephesus, the miaphysite network was born under constraints and how the constraints that gradually weighed on the network led to the diversification of the initial network, causing its splitting into several entities and the (re)definition of distinct lines of doctrinal thought. Secondly we will examine the constraints exerted within every community organized as a network, in order to examine what the specificity of the miaphysite identity might be. The study of the link between constraint and network in the Lives of the Eastern Saints by John of Ephesus allows us to consider how a writer presents the elaboration of a network. There still remains to know how far this process of interiorization of the constraints implies a conscious project of propaganda and to what extent John of Ephesus is one of the leading elements in this ideological construction.

AbstractEugippius’ Vita Seuerini features un peculiar model of leadership in the end of the 5th century. Indeed Severinus, though concealing his aristocrat origin and refusing to accept any institutional position, both civil and ecclesiastical, constrains roman ciues and even Rugi from the cities of Noricum to adopt new religious and social practices (fasting, praying, paying tithe). A careful examination of the document shows that he places himself in the centre of a network, not because he would simply create links with the network members, but because each link he builds allows him to strengthen another link. Thus he manages to give a coercive force to his “advices” by systematically backing them on the intervention of a third party, who clasps the one to whom the order was given in a binding network of constraint.

AbstractCould Jewish judges have had a strong hold on their litigants in the context of Roman hegemony? Since the beginning of the Principate, the Roman Legislation had ruled that the ius gladii exclusively belonged to the provincial tribunals. But there was a gap between these official statements and their local application. As recent scholars have pointed out, municipal magistrates and sub-political communities settled disputes not only in minores but also in majores causae, with the use of coercive forces. In Palestine, during the 3rd and the 4th centuries, rabbinic judges seem to have forced defendants to appear in court and to have enforced judgments, even if, as Hayim Lapin suggests, this power was « episodic and rather fragile ». Another question should also be raised, what would have been the power of Jewish judges, other than the rabbis, the patriarchs, who were the leaders of synagogal communities in the provinces? We hold an imperial constitution given in 392 in Constantinople that ruled they were allowed to settle disputes in religious matters. Such a delimitation could not function as an efficient guarantee for the Jewish courts as religious Jewish rules dealt not only with ritual and purity but also with civil and penal matters. Indeed conflicts of laws and jurisdictions persisted after 392, as attested by imperial constitutions from 393 and 398. The actual power of the judges strongly depended on circumstance and in particular on the political relays and social networks they could activate in both the provincial and central administrations.

 Réseaux sociaux et contraintes dans l'Antiquité Tardive - p. 307-331.

Blogging Pompeii


Centro Herculaneum
con la partecipazione di Radio Siani e Collettivo Spazio

“Via Mare: diamo un calcio al cambiamento”

Via Mare, Ercolano
22 luglio 2014

I residenti di Via Mare, importante strada del centro storico della moderna Ercolano, stanno compiendo un primo passo per migliorare il proprio quartiere in collaborazione con numerosi altri partner, mentre progetti più ambiziosi si sviluppano per il prossimo futuro. 
Tra le attività più rilevanti, il Centro Herculaneum ha ideato, in collaborazione con Radio Siani e Collettivo Spazio, un laboratorio di street art partecipata che ha l’obiettivo di restituire al quartiere di Via Mare, soprattutto ai suoi cittadini più giovani, uno spazio adibito al gioco, alla socializzazione della comunità e alla ospitalità a chi viene a visitare il quartiere da fuori.

I lavori si concluderanno Martedì 22 Luglio 2014 alle 20:00, con un evento di inaugurazione dell’area a cui prenderanno parte i Luna Janara, per celebrare anche il ricco patrimonio musicale del territorio con un gruppo di musica popolare dell’area Vesuviana, con la possibilità di partecipare al buffet offerto dagli abitanti del quartiere.

Il laboratorio mira a realizzare, in un’area scoperta abbandonata, un “campetto” che potrà ospitare molteplici giochi di squadra. Colori e geometrie dipinte con le tecniche della street art regolamenteranno i futuri giochi, secondo indicazioni ricevute dagli stessi giovanissimi abitanti, che già da tempo frequentano lo spiazzo, arricchendolo e gestendolo con la loro inventiva. Gli stessi, dal 14 luglio 2014 e fino al 21 luglio, sono anche i protagonisti indiscussi della realizzazione del “campetto,” armati di rulli e pennelli e coadiuvati dal team del Centro Herculaneum e di Radio Siani e Collettivo Spazio. Il progetto del laboratorio è stato anche possibile grazie al coinvolgimento della MAPEI, azienda leader italiana nei prodotti per l’edilizia, che ha fornito tutte le vernici necessarie per la realizzazione del “campetto”.

Il Centro Herculaneum, braccio operativo dell'Associazione Herculaneum, i cui soci fondatori sono il Comune di Ercolano, la Soprintendenza per i Beni archeologici di Pompei, Ercolano e Stabia e la British School at Rome, nell’ambito dell’accordo firmato il 23 gennaio 2014 tra Fondazione Istituto Packard per i Beni culturali, i Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo ed il Ministero per la Coesione Territoriale, il Comune di Ercolano e la Soprintendenza di Pompei, Ercolano e Stabia, per la Tutela e la Valorizzazione del Sito Archeologico e per la Riqualificazione dell’area di Via Mare, ha avviato un programma di comunicazione e di eventi culturali volto a far emergere un senso di appartenenza da parte della comunità locale al proprio patrimonio culturale.

Si ringrazia per la gentile collaborazione e ospitalità: i residenti di Via Mare, Forte Costruzioni e Restauri Srl, i Writers: Nunzio “Zagor” Cirillo, Vito del Gaudio, Danilo Nappo, Diego Miedo, Antonio di Nuzzo “Zolta”, Francesca del Duca, i volontari del Youth Action for Peace (YAP), Giuseppe Scognamiglio, Ciro Oliviero, Carlo Russo, i colleghi dell’Herculaneum Conservation Project.

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Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Commodity Prices in Babylon 385 - 61 BC

Commodity Prices in Babylon 385 - 61 BC 
Author: R.J. van der Spek 
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
The datafile: spreadsheet (.xls, 1.15 Mb)    |   Bibliography
1. Introduction
The economic historian of the Ancient World is confronted with a lack of numerical data on wages and prices. There is of course evidence (see in general HEICHELHEIM 1930), especially from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt (DREXHAGE 1991; MARESCH 1996; CADELL & LE RIDER 1997) and Delos (REGER 1994), but not on a regular year to year basis. However, there is one notable exception: late Achaemenid and Hellenistic Babylon. From this city in South Iraq we have the most detailed dataset of the ancient world, which can compete with datasets from modern history.

1.1. The sources
We owe this precious information to the conscientious work of Babylonian astronomers. Probably from the reign of the Babylonian king Nabonassar (747-743 BC), and at the instigation of this king, Babylonian astronomers started to make a daily record of the starry sky. These astronomers were professional scholars. From a tablet in Yale (YBC 11549) dating to the early Hellenistic period we know that at least 14 of them were fully employed by the temple. They each received 180 litres of barley per month (BEAULIEU, forthcoming). From a couple of very late texts (127-119 BC) we know that the job was hereditary on condition that the scholars were capable to do the job. They received an annual salary from the temple (60 - 120 shekels of silver = ca. 120 - 240 drachms = 500 to 1,000 grams of silver) plus the revenue of some tract of arable land (VAN DER SPEK 1985: 548ff). It is interesting to see how the payment in grain shifted to payment in money.

The records, usually called Astronomical Diaries, consisted of daily information on the position of the moon (rise and setting) and the planets in relation to the fixed stars, and from the early fifth century in relation to zodiacal signs. In addition, solstices and equinoxes, Sirius phenomena, meteors, comets and flashes and strokes of lightning were recorded. The diaries give also information on the weather (e.g. "clouds were in the sky; I could not watch") and the level of the Euphrates. At the end of a monthly section some historical events were recorded (mainly on campaigns of the king, visits of the king or high officials to Babylon, cultic events, etc.) and the prices of six commodities were given: barley, dates, "mustard?", "cress?", sesame and wool. Barley and dates constituted the main diet of the Babylonians. For more information on the diaries, see: Astronomical diaries.
The earliest diary we have dates to 651 BC, but we have only a more or less regular record from 385 BC on. Hence, our list starts in this year. Michael Jursa (Vienna) is presently studying the prices of the earlier periods of Babylonia. He is the leader of a project on the economy of first millennium Babylonia. More on this project: Wittgenstein-Preisträger.
Dr. Gerfrid Müller has written a Habilitationsschrift about the development of the economy and the prices in the period just prior to our dataset (MÜLLER, forthcoming; non vidi)...

Kristina Killgrove (Powered by Osteons)

How long was the average Roman foot, and what was their shoe size?

Archaeologist Eric Poehler just keeps coming with the questions about Roman walking and feet.  Today, he wanted to know the size of the Roman foot.  In my last post, I'd kind of given up on the idea of figuring out foot size, since I didn't think I had any foot measurements.  Then I remembered this morning that of course I have calcaneus maximum length.  The trick was to find a formula using calcaneus maximum length to approximate foot size.

Sandaled foot from the Augustan period (Met Museum)
This was more difficult than you'd think.  There are a metric TON of articles that relate shoe/foot size to stature, but you have to have the shoe/foot (these are useful in forensic contexts, of course).  So I could use long bones to calculate stature and then use stature to calculate approximate foot size, but that would introduce one more level of error than I need.  It seems like no bioarchaeologists care about estimating foot size from foot bones, which surprised me because I'd assumed at least comparative primate morphologists would be interested in this.  (Now, of course, there is growing interest in Roman walking because of databases like Stanford's ORBIS.)

I did find what I was looking for, though, in literature related to lower leg changes in polio: Anderson, M., M. Blais, and W.T. Green. 1956. Growth of the normal foot during childhood and adolescence. Length of the foot and interrelations of foot, stature, and lower extremity as seen in serial records of children between 1-18 years of age. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 14(2):287-308.  This article is helpfully available for free via PDF here.  If you scroll through to page 306, there's a handy chart that gives you the percentage of the foot made up by the "calcified os calcis" (what we now simply call the calcaneus).  Taking 18-year-olds (as the authors have concluded that the foot is no longer growing at this point), we find that the calcaneus makes up 30.2% (+\- .1) of the male foot and 28.9% (+\- .1) of the female foot.  Spiffy!

Now, we take the maximum calcaneus lengths from the population I studied at the Imperial-era Casal Bertone cemetery, 2km east of Rome. The male average was 80mm (8 cm), and the female average was 75mm (7.5 cm).  Using the power of multiplication, the average Roman male foot was 26.5cm, and the average Roman female foot was 25.9cm.  If you want to go a step further (ha!), this means the average Roman male from Casal Bertone wore a US 8.5 / EU 42 shoe, and the average female a US 10 / EU 41 shoe.  Boom -- calculating calcanei!

The female numbers seem too long, honestly, but I can believe the male numbers.  If you recall my previous post, the average male stature from this site was about 167cm, and female stature was 157cm.  So (using Imperial measurements now, sorry, but I'm American!) a 5'6" man could easily wear an 8.5 US shoe.  But a 5'2" woman would not wear a 10 US shoe.  I'm 5'9" and I wear a 10.

If there really aren't equations other than this to approximate foot size from calcaneal length, I suddenly have an MA project in mind for an interested student... And the correlations between bone length and shoes (as from Vindolanda) have lots of potential as well!

The Archaeology News Network

Turkey to protect ancient sites from mass tourism

Fresh off from gaining two new entries to the UNESCO World Heritage List, Turkey is more eager than ever to exercise greater caution regarding access to ancient sites, in an effort to avoid the fate that has befallen other ancient sites damaged by 21st-century tourism.    Tourists at ancient Ephesus [Credit: Web]“A balance must be achieved between attracting tourists keen to visit Turkey’s classical heritage and...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Containers and Connectivity

If you haven’t read Andrew Bevan’s recent article in Current Archaeology, you should drop everything and read it now. It’s titled “Mediterranean Containerization” and presents a concise history of containers for trade in the Mediterranean basin from prehistory to modern times. His article begins with amphora and moves to barrels, crates, modern shipping containers, and, of course, wood pallets. His main focus is on liquid products, olive oil and wine, and his argument centers on the “precocious” character of these containers in a Mediterranean context. I won’t even attempt to summarize his intricate arguments on this blog post, but I want to highlight a few things from it.

1. Mediterranean connectivity (or liquidity in Bevan’s terms, a clever play on the liquid in Mediterranean containers and the liquid state of the sea through which these containers travelled). Bevan makes the point that the connection between various Mediterranean regions created an environment susceptible for certain parallel strategies to mediate interregional contact. While Bevan is careful to avoid any kind of environmental determinism, he does note that the need to communicate through the network of Mediterranean places (and here we can clearly see the shadow of both Horden and Purcell’s and Cyprian Broodbank’s works)  required certain technological solutions. The development of the ceramic amphora and certain changes of these vessel shapes, capacity, and distribution demonstrate the shifting contingencies of the political, economic, and social life in the Mediterranean basin. 

2. Reuse. For Bevan, the significance of containers extends well beyond their primary use as transport vessels. Storage vessels designed for large scale transport of goods around the Mediterranean basin often enjoyed long lives as local storage containers, burial pots, and even houses. The ubiquitous character of these transport amphora and other containers created a kind of utilitarian koine built around the adaptive reuse of these objects. In modern times, the reuse of shipping containers and (yes!) wooden shipping pallets, provides a good example about how the containerization of transport creates a medium for other expressions of culture. My pallet project and studies of the famous “blue tarp” follow certain lines by showing how these ubiquitous aspects of global transport culture have created distinct modes of expression characteristic of our contemporary culture.


3. Amphoras and Other Transport. One thing that Bevan notes is that amphora were not the only way in which commodities were moved around the Mediterranean landscape. I can’t recommend enough my buddy Scott Gallimore’s recent article in the most recent ZPE on some ostraka from Chersonesos on Crete. Scott argues that these ostraka (as well as some from near Carthage in North Africa) were chits used to record the transfer of wine from skins used in overland transport to amphora for overseas exports from Crete. The use of wine or oil skins to transport goods from small producers overland is something often overlooked by scholars who have tended to see amphoras almost exclusively as the marker of trade contacts. 

This has particular significance for my site of Pyla-Koutsopetria on Cyprus where we have a superabundance of Late Roman 1 amphora. It may be that these locally produced amphora (although not at our site) received olive oil from the region around Koutsopetria and it was transferred to amphora for export at our site, and this accounts for the massive quantity of amphora sherds at our site.

4. Responses and a Reply. I really liked the format of the article which included several responses which almost read like peer reviews of the article. The editors let Bevan reply to the critiques and he clarified some of the more controversial or opaque statements. The conversational aspect of the article expanded how I read his work. In particular, some of the respondents showed interest in thinking about how these containers manifested a Latourian sense of agency. Bevan does not talk in any great detail about this but the first respondents clearly thought that this was a productive route for further inquiry transforming the meaning of the article through their research interests.

The wealth of this article is almost impossible to summarize. It is among the most stimulating articles I’ve read for quite some time. As with most of Bevan’s stuff, his work is grounded in empirical research, and while there are a few little issues that our hardcore ceramicists (Mark Lawall’s comments demonstrate this) will pick up on and dispute, it is more important to appreciate the larger concepts involved his efforts. And even if you disagree with all of his conclusions, you have to admire his willingness to present in an article a synthetic overview of something as profoundly significant as containerization in a Mediterranean. His work will at very least be a point of departure.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

An Inconvenient Jesus

Frank Schaeffer has offered a blog post which seeks to highlight how unlike modern “Bible-believing Evangelicals” Jesus was. Here are some excerpts:

Jesus certainly was not a “Bible believer,” as we use that term in the post Billy Graham era of American fundamentalist religiosity that’s used as a trade-marked product to sell religion. Jesus didn’t take the Jewish scriptures at face value. In fundamentalist terms, Jesus was a rule-breaking relativist who wasn’t even “saved,” according to evangelical standards. Evangelicals insist that you have to believe very specific interpretations of the Bible to be saved. Jesus didn’t. He undercut the scriptures…

The stories about Jesus that survived the bigots, opportunists and delusional fanatics who wrote the New Testament contain powerful and enlightened truths that would someday prove the undoing of the Church built in his name. Like a futurist vindicated by events as yet undreamed, Jesus’ message of love was far more powerful than the magical thinking of the writers of the book he’s trapped in. In Jesus’ day the institutions of religion, state, misogyny and myth were so deeply ingrained that the ultimate dangerousness of his life example could not be imagined. For example his feminism, probably viewed as an eccentricity in his day, would prove transformational.

Jesus believed in God rather than in a book about God. The message of Jesus’ life is an intervention in and an acceleration of the evolution of empathy…

Click through to read the rest – be warned that Schaeffer drops an f-bomb in the post.

The post is not without its problems. Some of the incidents Schaeffer mentions are of questionable historicity, and if they are the invention of Gospel authors, then that undercuts his facile distinction between a Jesus supposedly misunderstood in his own time but understood today by Schaeffer, and the allegedly bigoted composers of the New Testament. It seems better to me to recognize that Jesus was a figure whose impact was both understood and at times rejected by his supporters as well as his opponents, and that the same continues to be true today, while the “full impact” of Jesus, as of any figure, may differ in later ages from what it seems to be in their own time.

But that said, as I have discussed here before on more than one occasion, it is certainly true that Jesus approached the Bible differently than modern Evangelicals tend to.

See also yesterday’s Salon article on the rise of the Christian left.

The Archaeology News Network

Radar search to find lost Aboriginal burial site

Scientists said Tuesday they hope that radar technology will help them find a century-old Aboriginal burial ground on an Australian island, bringing some closure to the local indigenous population. The ground penetrating radar GPR being towed behind a research  vehicle on Fraser Island [Credit: ABC]Peter Davies, from Queensland's University of the Sunshine Coast, is researching the ancient shoreline of World Heritage-listed...

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David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Archaic Pithos Burials (and others) from Chios

Brief item from eKathimerini:

A dig on the eastern Aegean island of Chios has unearthed parts of an ancient necropolis dating to between 7th and 6th centuries BC and belonging to the Archaic period.

The graves, which were found by archaeologists in the Psomi area, were pithos burials – meaning that the dead were placed inside pithoi, or large storage vases – and the bodies were placed in a supine position on layers of sea pebbles.

Archaeologists also uncovered a number of sarcophagi and the remains of a horse, which have been transferred to the Archaeological Museum of Chios for further examination and preservation.

… the original eKathimerini article includes a nice photo of the horse burial.

Additional sources below have some different photos:

Katy Meyers (Bones Don't Lie)

Weddings and the Dead

I’ve been thinking about weddings a lot recently. It’s not just that I’m planning my own wedding which is less than ten weeks away, I’m also in my little brother’s […]

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Death of Cleopatra Automaton!

A press release from the DFW Elite Toy Museum begins:

The original Cleopatra was so beautiful that two Roman generals competed for her affections before Christ was born. In 1623, Shakespeare retold the tale of her ill-fated love affair with Mark Anthony and dramatic suicide. Egypt’s most famous queen still captivated the public in 1885 when a British company manufactured a life-size Cleopatra automaton to draw throngs to a London wax museum.

Recently acquired, the “Death of Cleopatra” automaton will be the centerpiece of DFW Elite Toy Museum’s new Oddities, Antiquities and Rarities exhibit that will run July 15 to February 28, 2015.

“The automaton depicts a slowly breathing, bare-breasted Cleopatra expiring from the bite of an asp as other asps writhe at her ankles,” said DFW Elite Toy Museum Curator Rodney Ross. [...]

There’s an overhead view here … and another view here. By the looks of things, this was recently acquired at auction (so it could have been gracing your department coffee lounge!).

The subject matter seems to have been popular; here’s a Youtube video of another one:

Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

How to do things with History: a conference in honour of Paul Cartledge

How to do things with History: a conference in honour of Paul Cartledge Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge September 26-27, 2014

David Meadows (rogueclassicism)

Bryn Mawr Classical Reviews ~ 07/22/14

  • 2014.07.23:  Jeffrey C. Anderson, The Christian Topography of Kosmas Indikopleustes: Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, plut. 9.28. The Map of the Universe Redrawn in the Sixth Century. Folia picta: manoscritti miniati medievali, 3.
  • 2014.07.22:  Timothy J. Moore, Wolfgang Polleichtner, Form und Bedeutung im lateinischen Drama/ Form and Meaning in Latin Drama. Bochumer Altertumswissenschaftliches Colloquium, Band 95.
  • 2014.07.21:  Jürgen​ Leonhardt, Latin: Story of a World Language (First published 2009; translated by Kenneth Kronenberg).

This Day in Ancient History: ante diem xi kalendas Augustas

ante diem xi kalendas Augustas

  • 367 B.C. (?)– dedication of a Temple of Concord (and associated rites  thereafter)
  • 64 A.D. — the Great Fire of Rome (day 5)


The Archaeology News Network

The Cheimarros Tower on Naxos to be restored

One of the most important monuments on the island of Naxos and one of the most remarkable in the Aegean Sea, Cheimarros Tower, will be restored following the approval of the Central Archaeological Council. The circular tower turret of Naxos [Credit: GTP]The 15m high circular double-walled tower of Cheimarros is one of the best preserved monuments of its type. It was constructed at the end of the 4th century BC for defence...

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David Meadows (rogueclassicism)