Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

Tom Elliott (

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April 30, 2016

Archaeology Briefs


he history of humans living in Ireland just added 2,500 years to its timeline, but the discovery wasn’t made in a peat bog or after excavating tons of dirt—it was found in a cardboard box.

In 2010 and 2011, animal osteologist Ruth Carden of the National Museum of Ireland began re-analyzing bones collected from cave excavations in the early 20th century when she came across part of a knee from a brown bear with several cut marks on it, according to a press release from the Sligo Institute of Technology.

Carden brought the bone to the attention of Marion Dowd, a specialist in cave archeology at Sligo. Dowd was intrigued, so the two sent samples to Queen’s University in Belfast and later to Oxford University to get the age of the samples.

The data from both labs showed that the bear was butchered 12,500 years ago, or 2,500 years before the earliest previous evidence of human habitation on the Emerald Isle. Three specialists additionally confirmed that the cut marks were made on fresh bone, further suggesting that humans were present in Ireland much earlier than previously thought.

Read more:


In the desert upland just a few miles from both Mexico and New Mexico, researchers have uncovered a 3,000-year-old bison kill site, featuring hundreds of bones and bone fragments, along with dozens of cobblestones and flaked and ground stone tools. Adding to the surprise is the fact that this location, known as Cave Creek Midden, near the town of Portal, is already well-known to archaeologists.

When it was first investigated in 1936, the site revealed stone tools and other artifacts that came to typify a critical phase in Southwestern history: the period from about 4000 and 500 BCE, when humans first started to re-settle the desert Southwest and develop methods for farming corn.

The discovery of a large bison kill here adds a whole new chapter to the story of the site, and a new understanding of the hunter-gatherers who lived here.Excavations revealed bison bones, cobblestones, and manos in a layer dated to around 1300 BCE.

“We found a bunch of bison where we hoped to find corn,” said Dr. Jesse Ballenger, of the University of Arizona, who co-led the new study with Dr. Jonathan Mabry.

“The presence of bison at the Cave Creek Midden site opens interesting avenues of research,” added Francois Lanoe, an Arizona doctoral student who also took part in the study.

“If bison were a major component of people’s diet, well, it is unexpected in that region of the Southwest.


ISIS failed to demolish the Roman ruins in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra which was recaptured by pro-Government troops following a major offensive, although blood marked the scenes where the terror group murdered its victims.

ISIS captured the city in May 2015 and began blowing up some of the major landmarks at the UNESCO-listed world heritage site.

However, it used the 2,000-year-old Roman amphitheater to conduct public executions, with the blood of the victims staining the sand.

Read more:


Skeletons unearthed in Kenya may be the oldest known evidence of human warfare, according to a new study.

The skeletons of 27 people who died about 10,000 years ago bear marks of blunt force trauma and projectile wounds, the researchers said in the study. The victims included men, women and children.

"That scale of death — it can't be an individual murder or homicide amongst families," said study co-author Robert Foley, an anthropologist and archaeologist at the University of Cambridge in England. "It was a result of some intergroup conflict."


Penn's libraries are home to a wide range of special and general collections related to the Holy Land.

These include primary sources such as rare manuscripts, early modern printed books, travelogues, early photographs and printed postcards, engraved and hand-illustrated maps and atlases, original archeological artifacts, field reports, and extensive circulating secondary sources.

Among the most important are the Lenkin Collection of Photography, which consists of over 5,000 early photographs of the Holy Land, dating from 1850-1937 and the Paola and Bertrand Lazard Holy Land Print collections, including hundreds of early printed books, postcards, maps, drawings, and watercolors.

Recent acquisitions include the Moldovan Family Digital Holy Land Map Collection and the Zucker Holy Land Travel Manuscript. Related materials at Penn are found in the University of Pennsylvania Museum's rich collection of early photographs, including nearly 1,500 original Maison Bonfils photographs, as well as in the Museum's historical records and field reports of archeological excavations at places like Bet Shean in Israel.


Archaeological sites in Alexandria are facing ruin, with renovation projects by the Antiquities Ministry covering 13 ancient Islamic, Coptic and Jewish monuments stalled due to a shortfall in funding that stretches back many years.
Eighty percent of the province’s sites, meanwhile, have not been touched by conservators for tens of years.

Archaeologists have told Al-Masry Al-Youm that the whole history of Alexandria is threatened with extinction, especially since the only UNESCO-registered ancient Coptic site, the Abu Mina archaeological zone, may be removed from the organization’s world heritage record due to high levels of underground water at the 600-feddan site.

Among those concerned is Antiquities Ministry official Mohamed Ali Saeed, the former director of Alexandria’s antiquities. He told Al-Masry Al-Youm that many ancient Islamic sites are near collapse, either due to a lack of renovation work or work being interrupted. Enumerating the endangered structures, Saeed listed the Shorbagy Mosque, the Terbana Mosque, the Haqqania courthouse, the Ptolemaic Wall, the old towers, the cisterns of Ibn al-Nabih, Ibn Battouta Ismail and Ingy Hanem, as well as the entire Abu Mina Coptic site. He said that while renovations at some sites have been halted for at least six years, others have not seen conservators for more than 20 years.

Saeed urged “immediate intervention" by the ministry to save the historic sites, warning that weather conditions, most notably seasonal winter storms, represent a serious threat to them. In his warning, Saeed gave special attention to the Abu Mina area, which, he explained, is Egypt’s only Coptic site listed by UNESCO. He said groundwater levels at Abu Mina have reached 5.5 meters, submerging the ancient tomb of Saint Mar Mina.

Ahmed Abdel Fattah, another expert and a member of the ministry’s permanent antiquities panel, warned of rising groundwater levels at the ancient Ptolemaic and Greek tombs of Mostafa Kamel, Shatbi and Anfoushi, where walls and floors are being gradually eroded. He said the structures should be prioritized for renovation, especially due to their exposure to high humidity levels resulting from proximity to the sea.

Abdel Fattah pointed to the endangered ancient Ptolemaic cemeteries of Alabaster and Wardian near the seaport, which he identified as two of the most historical sites in the Alexandria area. The Ptolemaic cemeteries of Souq al-Gomaa, are also suffering “severe deterioration” according to Abdel Fattah. “They fall between the tramway and low-income housing, surrounded by piles of garbage on all sides,” he noted.

Speaking from Abu Mina, the region’s antiquities official, Father Tedaous Avamina, said that in 2005 the Antiquities Ministry embarked on a LE50 million scheme, sponsored by UNESCO and the government, to reduce groundwater levels at the site. He explained that, though the project was completed in 2010, political upheaval and economic hardship meant there was not enough money for periodic maintenance of the water drainage equipment.

Political instability was also responsible for stalled renovations at other sites. An official source at the ministry’s engineering administration said nearly LE57 million had been earmarked for renovations at the Terbana and Shorbagi mosques since 2009. The official said that, while the first phase of renovations was concluded before the 2011 uprising, later phases were halted due to political upheaval.

According to the official, four other schemes are planned for the same sites, including the renovation of the ancient cemeteries and draining groundwater there. However, work cannot begin until the money has been found.


New fossils from Kenya suggest that an early hominid species -- Australopithecus afarensis -- lived far eastward beyond the Great Rift Valley and much farther than previously thought. An international team of paleontologists led by Emma Mbua of Mount Kenya University and Masato Nakatsukasa of Kyoto University report findings of fossilized teeth and forearm bone from an adult male and two infant A. afarensis from an exposure eroded by the Kantis River in Ongata-Rongai, a settlement in the outskirts of Nairobi.

"So far, all other A. afarensis fossils had been identified from the center of the Rift Valley," explains Nakatsukasa. "A previous Australopithecus bahrelghazali discovery in Chad confirmed that our hominid ancestor's distribution covered central Africa, but this was the first time an Australopithecus fossil has been found east of the Rift Valley. This has important implications for what we understand about our ancestor's distribution range, namely that Australopithecus could have covered a much greater area by this age."

A. afarensis is believed to have lived 3,700,000-3,000,000 years ago, as characterized by fossils like "Lucy" from Ethiopia.

Stable isotope analysis revealed that the Kantis region was humid, but had a plain-like environment with fewer trees compared to other sites in the Great Rift Valley where A. afaransis fossils had previously appeared. "The hominid must have discovered suitable habitats in the Kenyan highlands. It seems that A. afaransis was good at adapting to varying environments," notes Nakatsukasa.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ICONEM's digitalized 3D model of the Temple of Bel, Palmyra, post destruction

ICONEM's digitalized 3D model of the Temple of Bel, Palmyra, post destruction
In partnership with the DGAM, the ICONEM’s team was the first one to be in Palmyra since Daesh’s departure. New phase of the major project « Syrian Heritage », this mission has been an opportunity to give a clear picture of the damages suffered by the « pearl of the desert », and more specifically by the Temple of Bel as it has been left behind by Daesh fighters, using photogrammetry. 

The digitalized 3D model allows us to observe the existence of stone blocs remaining almost intact, meaning that there might be some hope for a partial reconstruction. Some other blocs however have been dynamited. 

ICONEM’s support in Palmyra has been found essential in order to document the appearance and state of the site right after it’s liberation, which is going to be helpful to the scientific community. Dedicated in 32 AD and consecrated to the protective divinity of Palmyra, the Mesopotamian god Bel, the Temple of Bel was before its destruction one of the best preserved antique temples of Syria.

EAGLE News: Europeana Network of Ancient Greek and Latin Epigraphy

PUBLISHED: Digital Classics outside the Echo-Chamber

The “Echo Chamber Volume” is now available as Open Access.

The Gold OA versions (PDF, Epub and Kindle) can be freely downloaded from the page at:

And paperback or hardback copies can be purchased (for £12.99 and £34.99 respectively) via Amazon or Bookdepository from the same link.


echo-chamberEdited by organisers of “Digital Classicist” seminars in London and Berlin, this volume explores the impact of computational approaches to the study of antiquity on audiences other than the scholars who conventionally publish it. In addition to colleagues in classics and digital humanities, the eleven chapters herein concern and are addressed to students, heritage professionals and “citizen scientists”.

Each chapter is a scholarly contribution, presenting research questions in the classics, digital humanities or, in many cases, both. They are all also examples of work within one of the most important areas of academia today: scholarly research and outputs that engage with collaborators and audiences not only including our colleagues, but also students, academics in different fields including the hard sciences, professionals and the broader public. Collaboration and scholarly interaction, particularly with better-funded and more technically advanced disciplines, is essential to digital humanities and perhaps even more so to digital classics. The international perspectives on these issues are especially valuable in an increasingly connected, institutionally and administratively diverse world.

This book addresses the broad range of issues scholars and practitioners face in engaging with students, professionals and the public, in accessible and valuable chapters from authors of many backgrounds and areas of expertise, including language and linguistics, history, archaeology and architecture. This collection will be of interest to teachers, scientists, cultural heritage professionals, linguists and enthusiasts of history and antiquity.


Download here the guide to Enhancing the Impact and Readership of the book, and undertake at least one of the 5 activities suggested therein. (More than one would be great also.)

A launch party for the volume will be held on Friday, June 10, at 18h00 in Senate House, London. Those of you who are in the UK, please try to come if you can, and if you can arrange to pass through town on that day, it would be great to see any of the rest of you as well! Just as it happens, this party will be shortly after a seminar on entity extraction from classical texts given by Dr Romanello, which you would all enjoy.

BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup, Part 1

Archaeologists have announced the discovery of a 13th dynasty scarab in a gold ring at Tel Dor.

Excavations begin this summer at el-Araj, a candidate for the site of Bethsaida. Nyack College is participating and inviting others to join them.

The Temple Institute held a public practice reenactment of the Passover sacrifice last week. A few dozen photos have been posted.

Two Israeli Jews were arrested for trying to carry a goat up to the Temple Mount to make a Passover sacrifice.

A senior Egyptian archaeologist has claimed that the Pharaoh of the exodus was not Egyptian. Paleojudaica provides some analysis.

The 8th-century citadel at Ashdod Yam was vandalized recently by youths who shared photos on social media. The teens who caused the damage have now apologized.

What’s there to see in Ashdod? Aviva and Shmuel Bar-Am lead readers on a tour of the sites.

Wayne Stiles shows you what you’ll see if you walk down the Kidron Valley.

For an CT article, Gordon Govier asks evangelical scholars to weigh in on the recent study that literacy in ancient Israel was more widespread than previously believed.

The full text is online for Lawrence Schiffman’s recent lecture entitled, “In the Valley of David and Goliath: Digging Up Evidence on the United Monarchy.”

Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary eBooks are on sale now for $4.99 each.

Now free online in pdf format: John J. Bimson, Redating the Exodus and Conquest, 2nd ed. Sheffield: The Almond Press, 1981.

A bidding war has resulted in sale of 1,000 historic photographs of the Holy Land to sell for nearly $1.5 million. Note to the loser: we can provide you with more than 1,000 images for half price!

Seth Rodriquez, a long-time contributor to this blog, has been invited to teach a course in biblical backgrounds at the Baptist Theological Seminary of Zimbabwe and he would appreciate your prayer and financial support.

HT: Agade, Joseph Lauer, Charles Savelle

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Building on shells: Study starts unraveling mysteries of Calusa kingdom

Athens, Ga. - Centuries before modern countries such as Dubai and China started building islands,...

Historic flint axes found in Denmark

A pair of old friends have found the largest flint axes in Danish history in a drained bog area near...

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Water storage made prehistoric settlement expansion possible in Amazonia

UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG—The pre-Columbian settlements in Amazonia were not limited to the...

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Not-So-Precious Moments

Several more illustrations of the fact that the Bible is not children’s literature, that it isn’t cute and sweet. The above come from artist Tom LaMothe, via a post on Rachel Held Evans’ blog from several years ago. The artist’s daughter is herself a Patheos blogger. See also another version of the Jael story, as [Read More...]

Jim Davila (

Granerod, Dimensions of Yahwism in the Persian Period

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Tropper, Rewriting Ancient Jewish History

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Athas on the Bible and literacy in ancient Judah

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Compitum - publications

J. Martínez Gázquez, The Attitude of the Medieval Latin Translators Towards the Arabic Sciences


José Martínez Gázquez, The Attitude of the Medieval Latin Translators Towards the Arabic Sciences, Florence, 2016.

Éditeur : Sismel - Edizioni del Galluzzo
Collection : Micrologus' Library, 75
X-214 pages
ISBN : 978-88-8450-694-8
48 €

The prefaces to many translations of texts from Arabic into Latin or even into Castilian reflect many of their authors' opinions. The translators focussed on some important areas of knowledge: in religion, on apologetics and controversy connected with the study of Islamic doctrine and the life and work of the prophet Muhammad; and in philosophy and science. This anthology offers a rich series of medieval scholarly testimonies on the persistence of Islam in Spain and in particular in Toledo. Texts are provided both in their original Latin or Castilian and also in English translation.

Source : SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Jim Davila (

More on Samaritan Passover 2016

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Jewish catacombs in Rome

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2016.04.52: Autour de Pline le Jeune: en hommage à Nicole Méthy. Scripta antiqua, 74

Review of Olivier Devillers, Autour de Pline le Jeune: en hommage à Nicole Méthy. Scripta antiqua, 74. Bordeaux: 2015. Pp. 321. €25.00 (pb). ISBN 9782356131324.

2016.04.51: Local Economies?: Production and Exchange of Inland Regions in Late Antiquity. Late antique archaeology, 10

Review of Luke Lavan, Local Economies?: Production and Exchange of Inland Regions in Late Antiquity. Late antique archaeology, 10. Leiden; Boston: 2015. Pp. xiv, 637. $97.00. ISBN 9789004277038.

2016.04.50: Corpus vasorum antiquorum. Deutschland, Bd 99; Berlin, Antikensammlung ehemals Antiquarium, Bd. 16: Attische Salbgefässe

Review of Nina Zimmermann-Elseify, Corpus vasorum antiquorum. Deutschland, Bd 99; Berlin, Antikensammlung ehemals Antiquarium, Bd. 16: Attische Salbgefässe. Munich: 2015. Pp. 127; 24 p. of figures, 60 p. of plates. $98.00. ISBN 9783406683534.

He has a wife you know

archaicwonder: Neo-Assyrian Apotropaic Head of Humbaba, C. 900...


Neo-Assyrian Apotropaic Head of Humbaba, C. 900 BC

This hematite head is carved with the grimacing and grotesque face of the Sumerian demon Humbaba. Heads like these were used as amulets since they were believed to ward off evil. In the Gilgamesh myth, Humbaba was the doorkeeper of the Cedar Forest where the gods lived. He was raised by Utu, the Sun god and was regarded as a very dangerous and fearsome monster. In the myth, Gilgamesh decapitates Humbaba and puts his head in a sack.

The iconography of the apotropaic severed head of Humbaba is well documented from the First Babylonian Dynasty, continuing into Neo-Assyrian art and dying away during the Achaemenid rule. The severed head of the monstrous Humbaba found a Greek parallel in the myth of Perseus and the similarly employed head of Medusa, which Perseus placed in his leather sack.

Dienekes' Anthropology Blog

More on Kennewick Man

A new technical report re-analyzes the data of Rasmussen et al. study on Kennewick man and confirms that he is related to Native Americans. From the report:
We find the Kennewick sample has the highest shared similarity to Native American populations with the highest values observed being with populations from South America (Figure 7), in line with the observations from Rasmussen et al.
Hopefully this will end the campaign to put him back to the ground. I have added a horizontal line to the new study's Figure 7 to mark the population claiming the skeleton among the huge number considered, showing that there's no particularly strong relationship to it (the strongest connection is at the bottom of the figure).

The Rasmussen et al. and Novembre et al. studies are really science working at its best: simultaneously falsifying claims that Kennewick was some sort of Australoid (or even more implausibly Caucasoid) based on its craniofacial morphology, but not overreaching to validate emotional appeals to make him into an ancestor he wasn't. Thankfully, the way forward is to keep studying Kennewick Man (and modern Native Americans) with ever-better data and techniques which may turn up (who knows?) a real (rather than imagined) ancestral link.

Technical Report: Assessment of the genetic analyses of Rasmussen et al. (2015)

John Novembre, PhD, David Witonsky, Anna Di Rienzo, PhD

The primary aim of the analysis undertaken here (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St Louis District Contract #W912P9-16-P-0010) is to provide an independent validation of the genetic evidence underlying a recent publication by Morten Rasmussen and colleagues on July 23rd, 2015, in Nature (Vol 523:455–58). Based on our analysis of the Kennewick Man’s sequence data and Colville tribe genotype data generated by Rasmussen et al., we concur with the findings of the original paper that the sample is genetically closer to modern Native Americans than to any other population worldwide. We carried out several analyses to support this conclusion, including (i) principal component analysis (PCA; Patterson et al. 2006), (ii) unsupervised genetic clustering using ADMIXTURE (Alexander, Novembre, and Lange 2009), (iii) estimation of genetic affinity to modern human populations using f3 and D statistics (Patterson et al. 2012), and (iv) a novel approach based on the geographic distribution of rare variants. Importantly, these distinct analyses, spanning three non-overlapping subsets of the data, are each consistent with Native American ancestry.


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

ASOR Archives Finding Aids Online

 [First posted in AWOL 13 July 2010. Updated 29 April 2016]

The ASOR Archives
The ASOR archives houses materials documenting a century's worth of ASOR's contributions to archaeology. The archive contains the papers of past ASOR presidents, records created by administrative bodies such as the Board of Trustees, the Executive Committee, and the Committee on Archaeological Policy, full runs of ASOR publications, and materials pertaining to excavations lead or participated in by ASOR.

Collections By Subject

Administrative Records Board of Trustees Records Excavation Records Dhahr Mirzbaneh Excavation Records Diban Excavation Records Khirbet et Tannur Excavation Records ASOR Excavation Records Issawiya Tomb Excavation Records Jerash Excavation Records Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection Shechem Excavation Records Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records
Photograph Collections American Palestine Exploration Society (A.P.E.S.) Photograph Collection Glass Plate Negatives Collection Nelson Glueck Photograph Collection
Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection

Presidential Records A. Henry Detweiler Papers Carl Kraeling Papers G. Ernest Wright Papers William Foxwell Albright Papers

Professional & Personal Papers Carl Kraeling Papers Clarence Fisher Papers Edmund Irwin Gordon Papers G. Ernest Wright Papers Nelson Glueck Papers Publications Biblical Archaeologist / Near Eastern Archaeology Collection ASOR Newsletter Collection Bulletin of ASOR Collection Journal of Cuneiform Studies Collection
Schools & Committees Agency for International Development Collection American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem (AIA Committee) Records ASOR Jerusalem School Records Ancient Manuscripts Committee Records Committee on Archaeological Policy
General Collections Subject File
Coll. 001. American Schools of Oriental Research Newsletter Collection
This collection contains a full run of the ASOR Newsletters from 1939-1995. The newsletters contain information about ASOR projects, events such as annual meetings and conferences, fundraising efforts, grant awards, and administrative announcements. Back issues from 1996 to the present are available online.

Coll. 002. William Foxwell Albright Papers
This collection contains the materials generated by William F. Albright during his ASOR presidency. The collection spans from 1936-1964, and includes materials from Albright's ASOR presidency. It includes a significant amount of correspondence with other archaeologists and ASOR colleagues regarding research, excavations, new archaeological methods, and logistical aspects of publishing ASOR bulletins, journals, scholarly papers and monographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 003. Ancient Manuscripts Committee Records
The Ancient Manuscripts Committee was originally founded as the Dead Sea Scrolls Committee. The majority of the collection is correspondence regarding the study, publication rights, and preservation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the funding of the Committee. The records date from 1963 to 1981. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 004. American Palestine Exploration Society Photograph Collection
The Tancrede Dumas Photograph Collection contains photographs of archaeological sites in Palestine and Lebanon. The photographs were taken during the 1875 expedition of the American Palestine Exploration Society. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 006. Board of Trustees Records
The Board of Trustees Collection contains board meeting minutes from 1921-1989. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 007. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research Collection
The BASOR Collection contains early volumes of the Bulletin, as well as original photographs, article submissions, and other materials published in the Bulletin. The materials date from 1919-1974. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 008. Committee on Archaeological Policy Records
The CAP Records document the committee's activities, such as providing funding and support to affiliated researchers. This collection has not yet been processed.

Coll. 009. American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem Records, held at the Archaeological Institute of America
ASOR began as a subcommittee of the AIA, and ASOR's earliest records are held there. The materials date from 1900 to the early 1920s. This collection is being processed.

Coll. 010. Nelson Glueck Papers
The Nelson Glueck Papers contain the professional correspondence, diaries, and photographs of this eminent biblical archaeologist. Materials in the collection date from the early 1930s to 2008. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 011. A. Henry Detweiler Papers
The A. Henry Detweiler Papers document Detweiler's years as ASOR president. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 012. Carl Kraeling Papers
The Kraeling Papers document Kraeling's years as ASOR president. The collection primarily contains correspondence with ASOR colleagues and archaeologists. Kraeling supported the continued study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and encouraged humanitarian awareness for Near Eastern refugees during a turbulent period in the area’s history. The records span from 1947 to 1955. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 013. Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records
The Tell el-Kheleifeh Excavation Records document the ASOR excavation directed by Nelson Glueck from 1938 to 1940. The records include level books, artifact registries, excavation diaries, and photographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 014. Khirbet et-Tannur Excavation Records
The Khirbet et-Tannur Excavation Records document the 1938 excavation of a Nabataean temple. The excavation was directed by Nelson Glueck. The collection includes level books, excavation diaries, artifacts, and photographs. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 015. Edmund Irwin Gordon Papers
This collection documents the life and career of Edmund Gordon. Gordon was a scholar of Near Eastern languages. He served in WWII as a signal intelligence specialist, and later studied at the ASOR Jerusalem School. The collection spans 1934-1984. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 016 ASOR Jerusalem School Collection
This collection contains financial documents, ledgers, correspondence, as well as legal materials. All pertain to the administration of the school. The collection also contains artifact drawings and photographs of the many excavations affiliated with ASOR. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 017 Shechem Excavation Records
This collection contains administrative and financial records, correspondence, site reports, field notes, artifact registries, top plans, pottery drawings, and photographs of the site and artifacts found there. Additionally, the collection includes a manuscript of Shechem: The Biography of a Biblical City by G. Ernest Wright, as well as an operetta about the excavation that was written and performed by participants in the 1962 excavation season. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 018. G. Ernest Wright Papers
The G. Ernest Wright Papers span from 1957-1972. The collection primarily contains correspondence documenting ASOR administration, the founding of the journal Biblical Archaeologist, Wright's participation in the Shechem excavation, and his service as visiting archaeological director of Hebrew Union College. Wright was elected ASOR president in 1965, and worked with the organization until his death in 1974. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 019. Diban Excavation Records
This collection documents the excavation of Diban in Jordan by Frederick V. Winnett from 1950-1965. The collection contains photographs, correspondence, and artifacts registries. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 020. Clarence Fisher Papers
This collection primarily documents Fisher's academic and professional life. The collection contains his exhaustive pottery corpus, writings, architectural and artifact sketches, correspondence, creative writing, and excavation diaries. The bulk of the materials pertain to the analysis of Near Eastern pottery. The materials date from 1859-1957.

Coll. 021. Issawiya Tomb Excavation Records
This collection documents the excavation of a Herodian tomb discovered underneath a field on the hillock of Ras el Jami in Issawiya, a neighborhood of Jerusalem just north of Mount Scopus. The collection contains photographs and journals, and a diary kept by Carl Graesser. The collection spans 1970-1995. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 022 Jerash Excavation Records
The collection contains primarily photographs and correspondence documenting different areas of the excavation. Two sketchbooks include detailed architectural drawings and some journal entries. The General file has an excavation report. With this collection is a wood printing plate of the site map. The materials date from 1928 to 1952. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List.

Coll. 023 Biblical Archaeologist / Near Eastern Archaeology Collection
This collection contains Biblical Archaeologist and Near Eastern Archaeology, magazines published by ASOR. The magazines contain scholarly articles, field notes, book reviews, and photographs all pertaining to the art, archaeology and history of the cultures of the ancient Near East. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 024 Journal of Cuneiform Studies Collection
This collection contains published journals between 1951 and 2009 with some gaps. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 025 Dhahr Mirzbaneh Excavation Records
This collection contains the original manuscript of Paul Lapp’s book, The Dhahr Mirzbaneh Tombs: Three Immediate Bronze Age Cemeteries in Jordan (1966), along with the figures and plates used in its creation. The collection also includes notes and drawings by architect David Voelter. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 026 Nippur Excavation Photograph Collection
This collection includes over 300 cyanotype photographs depicting artifacts, architecture, and scenes of excavation work from the Nippur Excavations of the University of Pennsylvania covering 1888-1900. In addition to their archaeological interest, the images are notable for their portrayal of the lives of the Arab laborers who worked on the excavation. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 027 The Nelson Glueck Photograph Collection
This collection contains a photograph index compiled for Glueck's research. The photographs documents hundreds of sites. Many, but not all of the photographs were taken by Glueck. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 028 Subject File
This collection contains miscellaneous materials organized alphabetically by subject. Learn what is in the collection and browse materials online using the Folder List. (Please allow a few moments for the Folder List to load.)

Coll. 029 ASOR Excavation Records
This collection is comprised of grant applications, correspondence, financial records, newsletters, budgets, publications, reports, account books, and photographs from a number of ASOR affiliated excavations. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 030 ASOR Glass Plate Negative Collection
This collection contains glass plate negative photographs from Beth El, Beth Zur, Tel Beit Mirsim, and Tel el Ful. The photos were taken between 1932 - 1935. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Coll. 032 Agency for International Development Collection
This collection contains information about ASOR's relationship with the Agency for International Development (AID). The content includes correspondence, financial documents, grant proposals, and reports. Learn more about the collection from the Collection Summary. Learn what is in the collection from the Folder List.

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

'Bones' Season 11, Episode 13 Review: The Monster In The Closet

A biological anthropologist reviews Season 11, Episode 13 (The Monster in the Closet) of FOX's 'Bones,' summarizing the episode and looking for errors.

April 29, 2016

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Plight of Japan’s archeologists as ancient tombs deteriorate

Archaeologists and conservationists are battling to preserve ancient tombs built in Japan between...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Newsletter / Euroclassica = Bulletin / Euroclassica

Newsletter / Euroclassica = Bulletin / Euroclassica
Euroclassica Logo 

Euroclassica, whose aims are pedagogical, cultural and scientific, has the following aims and objectives:
a) to bring together all the associations of teachers of classical languages and civilisations in Europe and to promote their cooperation;
b) to ensure the promotion and defence of the study of classical languages and civilisations, providing a unifying link and a powerful platform for cultural cohesion among European countries, especially through representation at international organisations;
c) to assert publicly the contemporary relevance of classical languages and civilisations, and to highlight the pressing need to teach them, fully respecting the autonomy of each country;
d) to encourage cooperation with associations outside Europe which have similar aims.

Newsletter 2016
Newsletter 2015
Newsletter 2014
Newsletter 2013
Newsletter 2012
Newsletter 2011
Newsletter 2010
Newsletter 2009
Newsletter 2008
Newsletter 2007

Archaeology Magazine

Spain Roman coinsTOMARES, SPAIN—Construction workers in southern Spain discovered 19 amphoras containing 1,300 pounds of Roman coins. The unused bronze and silver-coated coins date to the fourth century A.D. Ana Navarro of the Seville Archaeological Museum said that the coins studied so far bear images of the emperors Constantine and Maximian. She thinks that the coins may have been stored to pay soldiers or civil servants. “It is a unique collection and there are very few similar cases,” she said in a BBC News report. To read about a large collection of Roman coins found in England, go to "Seaton Down Hoard," which was one of ARCHAEOLOGY's Top 10 Discoveries of 2014.

Peru Nazca geoglyphLIMA, PERU—Andina reports that a geoglyph has been discovered at Pampa de Majuelos in the Nazca desert by archaeologists Masato Sakai and Jorge Olano of Yamagata University. Sakai claims that the image, which measures more than 90 feet long, depicts an imaginary animal whose head with a long tongue are on the left, and whose spotted body and many legs are to the right. He suggests the image was created by moving stones from the whitish-colored ground and piling them to shape the animal in low relief. “This is a characteristic technique of geoglyphs and [the find] may date back to 2,000 to 2,500 years ago,” he said. To read about another mysterious Peruvian feature, go to "An Overlooked Inca Wonder."

fossil molars dietTÜBINGEN, GERMANY—A team of researchers led by Sireen El Zaatari of the University of Tübingen examined the fossilized molars of 52 Neanderthals and modern humans from the Upper Paleolithic. They analyzed the microscopic wear and tear on the teeth to try to determine what the Neanderthals and modern humans ate, and how their diets related to the environment at the time. According to a report in International Business Times, the scientists found that the Neanderthals’ diet varied in response to what was readily available in the environment, while the diet eaten by modern humans was less affected by slight changes in climatic conditions. The Neanderthals are thought to have eaten more meat when they lived in open, cold steppe environments, and more plants, seeds, and nuts when living in forests. The modern humans are thought to have stuck with a more plant-based diet. “To be able to do this, they may have developed tools to extract dietary resources from their environment,” said El Zaatari. For more, go to "Decoding Neanderthal Genetics," which was one of ARCHAEOLOGY's Top 10 Discoveries of 2014.

JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA—According to a report in the Williamsburg Yorktown Daily, archaeologists from Jamestown Rediscovery found an iron object, described by conservator Katharine Corneli as a “semi-circle with a squiggly line in it,” in a cellar that lies just outside the boundaries of the original 1608 James Fort. Researchers think that it could be a fragment of a tool for cooking and baking, which would have had small legs to support a pot or Dutch oven over a fire. A pot fragment in the Jamestown Rediscovery artifact collection has marks on its base that may have come from cooking on such a grill. This object may have been deposited in the cellar as filler when the structure was abandoned. The rest of it may have been recycled into another item, but archaeologists will keep an eye out for additional grill pieces. For more, go to "Jamestown’s VIPs," which was one of ARCHAEOLOGY's Top 10 Discoveries of 2015.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Common Cooking Grill a Rare Find for Archaeologists

The return of warm weather and longer days has given archaeologists at Jamestown Rediscovery Project...

Ancient Peoples

Statuette of a Giant Hurling a Rock Greek, 200 - 175...

Statuette of a Giant Hurling a Rock 

Greek, 200 - 175 B.C 

Bronze, 14 cm high (5 ½ in)

This giant, poised to hurl a rock at his opponent, was originally one of a group of statuettes depicting the mythological battle between the gods and the giants. The figure’s pose suggests that he was originally placed in an uneven landscape setting. In Greek mythology, the giants, children of Ge (earth) and Uranus (sky), tried to overthrow the Olympian gods. The theme was very popular in Greek art and took on a symbolic meaning as the triumph of Greeks (the gods) over barbarians (the giants). Artists varied the appearance of the giants. Sometimes they were shown with snaky legs, emphasizing their connection with their mother, the Earth. In other instances, they appeared essentially human, but the artists often gave clues to their wildness. On this statuette, the pointed ears, unkempt hair, and choice of a rock as a primitive weapon signal the giant’s bestial nature. 

Source: The J. Paul Getty Museum

Antiquity Now

Strata, Portraits of Humanity, Episode 18, “Historic Norwegian Farm” and “Mariana Islands Latte Stones, Episode 1”

This episode of Strata returns to a familiar theme:  what does legacy mean for a people, and how can it be preserved? In the first video of this episode, we are introduced to the stream at the historic farm of … Continue reading

The Stoa Consortium

Digital Classics outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange and Public Engagement

We’re delighted to announce the publication of the latest volume of essays arising in part from the Digital Classicist seminars in London, Berlin and elsewhere, as an open access publication.

Gabriel Bodard and Matteo Romanello (2016). Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange and Public Engagement. London: Ubiquity Press. DOI:


Thanks to the generosity of the Knowledge Unlatched programme, this volume is available as Gold Open Access—i.e. you can freely download PDF, Epub or Kindle versions from the publisher’s site under a Creative Commons Attribution license. Print copies are also available for £34.99 hc, £12.99 pb. Review copies will be circulated to appropriate journals and similar venues.

DigiPal Blog

MMSDA Lecture 2: Book Conservation and DH

In addition to the public lecture by Arianna Ciula (reported here previously), a second public lecture will also be held as part of the Medieval and Modern Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age programme (MMSDA). This lecture will be given by Alberto Campagnolo, a book conservator and Digital Humanities specialist. The title and details are as follows:

Books as Objects of Use and Objects of Meaning. Book Conservation and Digital Humanities

Where: Little Hall, Sidgewick Site, Cambridge.
When: Monday 2 May, 5:30–6:30pm, followed by a drinks reception.

Books are objects in primis. They do contain important written information, but their physicality is also a silent witness that needs to be read, and preserved. Traditionally, for museum objects, the balance between their meaning and their usefulness tends heavily towards the former. When it comes to books, things get more complicated, as these artefacts are both regarded as meaningful per se, and useful (for one needs to access and preserve the text they contain). Often in the past, the usefulness of the artefact book outvalued its own meaning as artefact. Modern book conservation strives to keep the balance as even as possible, but this means that there is — and there should be — a limit to what book conservators can do, scalpel at hand, physically on books. These physical limits can be overcome with the collaboration between conservation and digital humanities, and this is where the magic happens: the artefact can be saved for its own meaning, and its usefulness can be enhanced through digital means.

Joint Library of the Hellenic & Roman Societies / Institute of Classical Studies Library

2016 Library Survey
Please help us improve our services by taking a few minutes to complete our 2016 survey and letting us know your views about the ICS / Joint Library.
The survey is available online at
or in printed form from the library desk.
The closing date for responses is midnight on Saturday 14th May 2016.
Thank you!

Ben Blackwell (Dunelm Road)

Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination (Book Release)

Ben, Jason, and I are excited to announce the release of our most recent edited volume Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination (Fortress Press). This book has been several years in the making, the main contents of which were initially presented and discussed at an SBL event of the same name in November 2014. The volume contains 17 excellent chapters at 488 pages. The retail price is a reasonable $39.00, though Amazon and other online book sellers are currently offering it as cheaply as $24. Below I’ve pasted the book description and table of contents. We’d be delighted if you and/or your library would obtain a copy!

Since the mid-twentieth century, apocalyptic thought has been championed as a central category for understanding the New Testament writings and the lePaul and the Apocalyptic Imaginationtters of Paul above all. But “apocalyptic” has meant different things to different scholars. Even the assertion of an “apocalyptic Paul” has been contested: does it mean the invasive power of God that breaks with the present age (Ernst Käsemann), or the broader scope of revealed heavenly mysteries, including the working out of a “many-staged plan of salvation” (N. T. Wright), or something else altogether? Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination brings together eminent Pauline scholars from diverse perspectives, along with experts of Second Temple Judaism, Hellenistic philosophy, patristics, and modern theology, to explore the contours of the current debate. Contributors discuss the history of what apocalypticism, and an “apocalyptic Paul,” have meant at different times and for different interpreters; examine different aspects of Paul’s thought and practice to test the usefulness of the category; and show how different implicit understandings of apocalypticism shape different contemporary presentations of Paul’s significance.

Part I.
1. Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction—Ben C. Blackwell, John K. Goodrich, and Jason Maston
2. “Then I Proceeded to Where Things Were Chaotic” (1 Enoch 21:1): Mapping the Apocalyptic Landscape—David A. Shaw

Part II.
3. Apocalyptic as God’s Eschatological Activity in Paul’s Theology—Martinus C. de Boer
4. Apocalyptic Epistemology: The Sine Qua Non of Valid Pauline Interpretation—Douglas A. Campbell
5. Apocalyptic as Theoria in the Letters of St. Paul: A New Perspective on Apocalyptic as the Mother of Theology—Edith M. Humphrey
6. Apocalyptic and the Sudden Fulfillment of Divine Promise—N. T. Wright

Part III.
7. Some Reflections on Apocalyptic Thought and Time in Literature from the Second Temple Period—Loren T. Stuckenbruck
8. The Transcendence of Death and Heavenly Ascent in the Apocalyptic Paul and the Stoics—Joseph R. Dodson
9. Second-Century Perspectives on the Apocalyptic Paul: Reading the Apocalypse of Paul and the Acts of PaulBen C. Blackwell
10. Some Remarks on Apocalyptic in Modern Christian Theology—Philip G. Ziegler

Part IV.
11. Righteousness Revealed: Righteousness of God in Romans 3:21-26—Jonathan A. Linebaugh
12. Thinking from Christ to Israel: Romans 9-11 in Apocalyptic Context—Beverly Roberts Gaventa
13. Apocalyptic Allegiance and Disinvestment in the World: A Reading of 1 Corinthians 7:25-35—John M. G. Barclay
14. After Destroying Every Rule, Authority, and Power: Paul, Apocalyptic, and Politics in 1 Corinthians—John K. Goodrich
15. Plight and Solution in Paul’s Apocalyptic Perspective: A Study of 2 Corinthians 5:18-21—Jason Maston
16. The Apocalyptic New Covenant and the Shape of Life in the Spirit according to Galatians—Michael J. Gorman
17. The Two Ages and Salvation History in Paul’s Apocalyptic Imagination: A Comparison of 4 Ezra and Galatians—J. P. Davies

Index of Names
Index of Ancient Writings

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Help crowd source the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) Abydos Tomb cards Cemetery O, P, and Y archives

3 Egyptian Archaeology Projects: Egyptian archaeological crowd-sourcing
This application enables the transcription of archive cards from the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) Abydos Tomb cards Cemetery O, P, and Y archives. Images will be drawn from the EES Flickr feed and redisplayed in the browser window. The EES would like the following information to be transcribed for them to create a searchable archive for their records.
These fields are:
  • Excavator's or finder's name
  • Date of discovery
  • Record number
  • Descriptive data
  • Whether the card maybe a reverse
The object cards have been scanned by EES volunteers.

This project is on behalf of:

This application is on behalf of the Egypt Exploration Society.
EES logo

MicroPasts: Crowd-sourcing

Help us gather high quality research data about our human history

You can assist existing research projects with tasks that need human intelligence, such as the accurate location of artefact findspots or photographed scenes, the identification of subject matter in historic archives, the masking of photos meant for 3D modelling, or the transcription of letters and catalogues. Other tasks might require on-location contributions by members of the public, such as submitting your own photographs of particular archaeological sites or objects. By contributing to a MicroPasts project you will:
  • Have a direct impact on research in archaeology, history and heritage
  • Help with tasks that computers cannot do
  • Develop skills that interest you
  • Produce results that will be open and freely usable
To start contributing, just choose one of our Featured Projects below or visit our full list of ongoing Projects.


Colleen Morgan (Middle Savagery)

Painting the Visual Vocabulary of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Adela Breton was apparently “a nuisance” to the men who couldn’t quite figure out what to do with a 50-year-old single woman in Mexico in 1900. Happily, Trowelblazers worked up a short profile on this fantastic artist and scholar and followed up their profile with this tweet:

Screen Shot 2016-04-29 at 2.42.18 PM

I don’t know about you, but when I’m writing something or have other heavy head-work to do, I like to browse through digital museum archives when I need to take a break. Maybe it’s just me. But it paid off big time.

The Breton Collection has 1301 entries, maybe 1/5 of these entries have images online. I can only imagine what else is in their storeroom, because the images that they have online are a glorious feast of archaeological visualization.

Watercolour depicting scene from Chichen Itza, Mexico. Iglesia on left. N.E. corner of building A on the right. Large annex in background. Casa de Monjas. Detached building from the north west. Watercolour depicting scene from Chichen Itza, Mexico. Iglesia on left. N.E. corner of building A on the right. Large annex in background. Casa de Monjas. Detached building from the north west. (Bristol Museums)

Watercolour depicting scene from Chichen Itza, Mexico. Iglesia on left. N.E. corner of building A on the right. Large annex in background. Casa de Monjas. Detached building from the north west. Watercolour depicting scene from Chichen Itza, Mexico. Iglesia on left. N.E. corner of building A on the right. Large annex in background. Casa de Monjas. Detached building from the north west. (Bristol Museums)

Adela Breton is probably one of the most gifted archaeological illustrators that I’ve ever seen.

You see, I was working on a co-authored piece with Holly Wright on analog vs. digital archaeological field illustration, and so going through this collection was even more exciting. Breton didn’t just draw loooovely watercolors of ruins though…her works covered several of the other visual outputs of archaeology.

Map of section of Teuchitlan Hill Fortress, Jalisca, Mexico. Black ink sketch showing mounds halfway up the mountain and the summit.

Map of section of Teuchitlan Hill Fortress, Jalisca, Mexico. Black ink sketch showing mounds halfway up the mountain and the summit. (Bristol Museums)

This hachured plan of an archaeological site would be familiar to any landscape archaeologist, and I love imagining Breton tromping across this mountainside in her Victorian lady-boots, sketchbook in hand, gnawing a pencil, thinking about contours, the relative distances between buildings, and the direction of slope beneath her feet.

Watercolour of two pottery figures. One shows an animal with its back in the form of a bowl. The other is shows two men carrying a canoe like object between them. Costa Rica. (Bristol Museum)

Watercolour of two pottery figures. One shows an animal with its back in the form of a bowl. The other is shows two men carrying a canoe like object between them. Costa Rica. (Bristol Museums)

Breton painted artifacts with such grace that you feel like you can touch their smooth curves. Can you see the chip in the rim of the animal pot?

Watercolour showing three fragments of red pottery with designs incLuding a running dragon-like figure in white, and one fragment of buff pottery with design in brown. National Museum of Mexico City. (Bristol Museums)

Watercolour showing three fragments of red pottery with designs incLuding a running dragon-like figure in white, and one fragment of buff pottery with design in brown. National Museum of Mexico City. (Bristol Museums)

She also drew more pottery in ways that are more familiar to archaeological illustrators, not quite as painterly, a focus on hue and shape. I love that this painting appears to be on the back of stationery from the Palace Hotel.

In addition to the archaeological illustrations, Breton drew ethnographic sketches, geological formations, and…earthquakes?

San Francisco Earthquake of  April 1892, 58 seconds.

San Francisco Earthquake of April 1892, 58 seconds.

Breton put pen to paper during a massive earthquake, even indicating north on the page! The first seismograph wouldn’t even make it to America until 1897. I flagged it up to Karen Holmberg & Elizabeth Angell, both of whom do exciting work on anthropology and natural disasters and can add much more nuance to the analysis of such an incredible visual artifact.

Thank you to Bristol Museums who have kept & digitized this glorious collection! Support your local (and digi-local) museums!


James Clackson et al. (Greek in Italy)

Did what with Hannibal?

From Wikimedia Commons (

Hannibal Crossing the Alps, by Heinrich Leutemann. Note the unfortunate elephant.

As I write, the final stages of the Second Punic War have begun. It’s not looking good for Hannibal – he’s holed up in the toe of Italy, his brother’s been killed, the Romans have taken control of most of Spain, and they’re preparing to attack Carthage itself. It all looked so promising earlier on, as he climbed over the alps with his elephants and swept through Italy (although, unfortunately, all but one of the elephants was killed in his first battle against the Romans). As he went he picked up allies from the local peoples, who were not necessarily particularly enamoured of Roman power (despite being officially ‘allies’ of Rome). Eve McDonald gives a nice example of this on p.115 of ‘Hannibal, a Hellenistic Life’, from a gravestone of an Etruscan man, Larth Felsnas, who lived to be 106 (a mere stripling, compared to Ahvdio from Teanum Sidicinum) and who claimed to have fought with Hannibal.

Now, apart from the fact that anyone who says they are 106 may well be inclined to telling tall tales, is that really what he says? The appropriate part of the inscription reads murce capue tleχe hanipaluscle (it is number Ta 1.107 in Rix’s Etruskische Texte ). I’m no expert on Etruscan, but it seems as though no-one actually knows for certain what either of the verbs murce and tleχe means: the best that can be said is murce is an active past tense verb, and tleχe (probably) a passive past tense verb. So the most conservative translation is ‘Larth Felsna did something at Capua and was somethinged in (?) the something (?) of Hannibal’. Clearly – if we’re to trust the inscription at all – something happened to him in the Hannibalic war: but which side was he on?.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Buddhist Sculptures Discovered in Ruins of Ancient Shrine

Sculptures and carvings dating back more than 1,700 years have been discovered in the remains of a...


Ablative absolutes with future participles

I vividly remember my school master telling me in my upper-sixth year that there was only one ablative absolute with a future participle in Latin literature and that we were looking at it. I do not, however, recall what the unseen passage was.

Now, thanks to the persistence in doing good of a colleague, there is a candidate, Ovid, Heroides, XVIII (Leander Heroni) 111-112:

iamque fugaturā Tithoni coniuge noctem
     praevius Aurorae Lucifer ortus erat;

This has a strong claim to being the one instance, if there is only one. I remember reading about Hero and Leander and being told a cautionary tale about confusing transitive fugāre with intransitive fugere (not to mention the difference of conjugation).

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Excavation of Shakespeare’s Curtain theatre begins in Shoreditch

The historic site will be preserved as a cultural centre once the dig is complete.The team from...

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Friday Quick Hits and Varia

It feels like Spring finally here in North Dakotaland with highs in the lower 60s and that particular light when we recognize that the sun is just a little higher in the sky.

Lots of cool stuff this week: we’re soliciting submissions for a special volume of North Dakota Quarterly on the work of Thomas McGrath; we’re moving ahead with the North Dakota Outrage Summit; a cool Kickstarter project, Intersection Journal, and some thoughts on crowdfunding the public humanities; and two pieces that reflect on slow.

It will be a nice weekend and perfect for some quick hits and varia.

IMG 4553So bored.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Pyramid Interior Revealed Using Cosmic Rays

The internal structure of an ancient Egyptian pyramid was revealed for the first time using cosmic...

600 kg of bronze Roman coins uncovered in Spanish town

MADRID – Building workers in the Spanish town of Sevilla have uncovered a haul of 600 kg of...

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

The Fear of Losing God (and the God of Losing Fear)

Having pushed students to wrestle with historical methods and their application to Jesus this semester, and the fact that those methods don’t allow them to demonstrate the miracles of Jesus and other things they wish they could, I allowed the last meeting of my historical Jesus class to be completely open, with no questions or perspectives [Read More...]


The leaper's aryballos...

of Pyrrhias, whose LSAG materials are available as 131.14c.

Mary Beard (A Don's Life)

Unanswered questions and ex-prime-ministers


It is striking how prime-ministers tend to become much more impressive when they are ex-prime-ministers. It's not surprising, I guess. They were never stupid in the first place, and whatever ideological differences you might have with them, they were also almost too busy to think for themselves, and pressured by the party machine and the over-scrutiny of everything they say. Once out of office, they have time to think and freedom to say it. Even if you disagree with them, there tends to be at least a reflective argument with which you can engage. To put it another way, you only become a 'statesman' (or woman) after you have actually ceased to be an active one.

I thought exactly that about John Major on the Today programme this morning  (it's at 8.10). I remember so vividly when he was my enemy number one. Here he was deftly puncturing the "faux-patriotic" mantras of the Brexit side, about Britain as some kind of victim of the EU. OK, you'll say, I just happen to agree with him for once. And I can't deny that must be part of it. But he was actually trying to put a bit of reflective complexity into the debate, especially on sovereignty -- an idea that is touted by the Vote Leave side as if it equated to Britain having the unfettered right to do whatever it fancied. Sovereignty is always shared, just as our own individual freedom of action and rights to self-determination is always a negotation with others. It's seriously misleading to suggest otherwise.

But I found myself thinking again this morning of the questions, beyond the slogans, that Brexit isn't even raising, let alone answering (unless I've missed it amongs all the speechifying). Like what do they actually plan to happen if we vote Out. To put it another way, we wake up on the morning of the 24 June to discover it's been a Brexit victory, then what?

I have two questions in particular.

First: why do they think that we could remain in a European free trade area (EEA/EFTA) and not also have to sign up to the free movement of labour. That's the deal that the much praised Norway has. In fact, Norway is not in the EU, but it is in the Schengen area, and in Brexit terms has no control of its own borders at all. What reason do they have for thinking that we would get a free trade deal entirely without 'strings'.

Second: what is the long term plan for those members of the EU who are already here? Is there to be a moritorium for them, with new regulations only coming in for new arrivals (quite difficult to police that one, I would have thought). Take one of my friends who works in television. She's Italian, been here 20 years and has contributed a great deal to the UK economy.Is she going to have to apply for a visa?

For me, it just wont do to say (as some were on Question Time last night) that we would wait for the referendum and then work out what to do. I want to know some of those details, or at least what the aim of the following negotiations would be, and some reason to think why they might be successful (not just 'Europe needs us').




Jim Davila (

Glenn Alexander Magee (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook on Western Mysticism and Esotericism

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Marx-Wolf, Spiritual Taxonomies and Ritual Authority

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Zucker on the matriarchs of Genesis

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Hurtado videos on scrolls and codices

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Goliath's skull

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Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2016.04.49: Portraits of the Vestal Virgins: Priestesses of Ancient Rome

Review of Molly M. Lindner, Portraits of the Vestal Virgins: Priestesses of Ancient Rome. Ann Arbor: 2015. Pp. xxii, 291. $95.00. ISBN 9780472118953.

2016.04.48: Aesthetic Maintenance of Civic Space: The 'Classical' City from the 4th to the 7th c. AD. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 193

Review of Ine Jacobs, Aesthetic Maintenance of Civic Space: The 'Classical' City from the 4th to the 7th c. AD. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 193. Leuven: 2013. Pp. 1028. $162.00. ISBN 9789042923027.

2016.04.47: The Afterlife of Ovid. BICS supplement, 130

Review of Peter Mack, John North, The Afterlife of Ovid. BICS supplement, 130. London: 2015. Pp. xi, 237. £45.00 (pb). ISBN 9781905670604.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Corso GIS Open Source Base (QGIS): introduzione ai GIS e apprendimento del software Open Source QGIS

L'Istituto per i beni archeologici e monumentali del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Ibam-Cnr) e TerreLogiche organizzano, dal 15 al 17 giugno 2016, il corso 'GIS Open Source Base (QGIS): introduzione ai GIS e apprendimento del software Open Source QGIS'.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Egyptian Statue Bought by Belgian Collector Stolen from Museum Store

Youm 7 reported on Saturday that an Egyptian antiquities ministry official and three security personnel are to face trial over charges of theft and smuggling of a Middle Kingdom limestone statue from antiquities storerooms at Egypt’s archaeological site of Memphis, and replacing the original there with a replica. The statue of an ancient Egyptian couple was bought by a Belgian collector who failed to determine how the object had entered the market. The collector and dealer from whom he bought it have not been named.

 The statue, alongside other four artifacts, had been unearthed by the U.S. mission in 2011 before they were handed over for the inspector to store them [...], the disappearance of the double statue was revealed after a curator in the British Museum in London told Nagwan Bahaa Fayez, a member of the U.S. mission who was visiting the museum to display photos for the team’s discoveries in 2011, that he saw the statue with a Belgian antiquity collector. The Administrative Prosecution formed a committee to inspect the U.S. mission’s storehouse in Memphis. The committee confirmed the statue had been replaced by a replica. Meanwhile, the Criminal Investigative Unit at the Egyptian Museum has confirmed that the statue has been stolen and smuggled outside Egypt.
Cairo Post 'Antiquities inspector, 3 guards stand trial over theft of 3,600 year-old statue', Apr. 23, 2016

ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

Empirical data grounding prototype theory

There’s plenty of already existing evidence for the nature of linguistic categorization and prototype theory. I laid much of it out in my (old) discussion of middle voice several years ago, where I explain categorization and cognitive linguistics in the context of discussions of middle voice.

But there’s a recent article on lexical semantics from a group of researchers at UC Berkeley using fMRI scans of people’s brains to map out how lexemes light up the brain. The result is fascinating and beautiful. It also provides additional compelling data for how the relationship between metaphor and meaning is realized neurologically.

Scans Show ‘Brain Dictionary’ Groups Words By Meaning (NPR Article)

On a more “linguisticky” note, if Jack Gallant and his research team work here had been possible in the 1970’s, the linguistic wars wouldn’t have ended they way they did. It’s a solid affirmation, too, of the models put forward in Langacker’s Foundations of Cognitive Grammar.

Filed under: Cognitive Linguistics, Language, Lexicography, Linguistics, Semantics

April 28, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Archaeology in Syria Network

[First posted on AWOL  201 June 2014, updated 28 April 2016]

Archaeology in Syria Network

Archaeology in Syria NETWORK is created for disseminating accumulated multidisciplinary knowledge
تم إنشاء شبكة “أركيولوجي إن سيريا” لنشر المعرفة المتراكمة متعددة التخصصات
The main goal for creating “Archaeology in Syria” NETWORK is to connect those who are involved or interested in disseminating accumulated multidisciplinary knowledge through continuous archaeological excavation and research in the Near East in general and Syria in particular.
الهدف الرئيسي لإنشاء شبكة “أركيولوجي إن سيريا” هو الربط بين المشاركين أو المهتمين في نشر المعرفة المتراكمة المتعددة الإختصاصات من خلال أعمال التنقيب والأبحاث الأثرية المستمرة في الشرق الأدنى بشكل عام وسوريا بشكل خاص
Contact us للتواصل مع

Open Access Journal: Études et travaux / Centre d'archéologie méditerranéenne de l'Académie polonaise des sciences

Études et travaux / Centre d'archéologie méditerranéenne de l'Académie polonaise des sciences
p-ISSN: 0079-3566 (until 2010), 2084-6762 (from 2011)
e-ISSN: 2449-9579
Institut des Cultures Méditerranéennes et Orientales de l'Académie Polonaise des Sciences = Studia i Prace / Instytut Kultur Śródziemnomorskich i Orientalnych Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Études et Travaux (commonly abbreviated EtudTrav ) deals with archaeology of the ancient and early medieval cultures of the Mediterranean Basin, Near East and North Africa. We invite every scholar willing to share results of her/his studies on the research field to contribute our journal. Études et Travaux is a scholarly annual of the Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and is indexed by the European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH , ERIH PLUS ). The journal is edited primarily in a print version, with black and white illustrations only. However , from volume XXVII on , an electronic version with colour photos will be published alongside the printed one . 
Open Access

Numer XXVIII - 2015

No. XXVII - 2014
Partially Open Access

No. XXVI - 2013
TOC Only

No. XXV - 2012
No. XXIV - 2011
No. XXIII - 2010
No. XXII - 2008
No. XXI - 2007
No. XX - 2005
No. XIX - 2001
No. XVIII - 1999
No. XVII - 1995
No. XVI - 1992
No. XV - 1990
No. XIV - 1990
No. XIII - 1983
No. XII - 1983
No. XI - 1979
No. X - 1978
No. IX - 1976
No. VIII - 1975
No. VII - 1973
No. VI - 1972
No. V - 1971
No. IV - 1970
No. III - 1969
No. II - 1968
No. I - 1966

Ancient World Mapping Center

Richard Talbert to Speak at AAH

AWMC founder and faculty advisor Dr. Richard Talbert will give a talk on Friday, May 6 at the Association of Ancient Historians Conference in Tacoma, WA.  The talk is entitled “Latitude and Worldview: The Evidence from Roman Portable Sundials.”  Details on the conference are here.


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Wissen in Bewegung. Institution – Iteration – Transfer (Episteme in Bewegung. Beiträge zur einer transdisziplinären Wissensgeschichte, Bd. 1)

Wissen in Bewegung. Institution – Iteration – Transfer (Episteme in Bewegung. Beiträge zur einer transdisziplinären Wissensgeschichte, Bd. 1)

Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Anita Traninger (Hg.)— 2015

Institutionen geraten normalerweise gerade nicht in den Blick, wenn es um Prozesse des Wissenswandels geht. Vielmehr ist es eine weithin geteilte Überzeugung, dass Wandel wenn, dann stets nur außerhalb dieser Kreativitätsblockierer stattfindet. Nun ist aber gerade dort, wo vermeintlich rigide und stur am Überkommenen festgehalten wird, stets auch Wandel feststellbar. Ganz offensichtlich bringen also Praktiken, die auf Wiederholung gepolt sind und so institutionelle Zusammenhänge stabilisieren sollen, zugleich auch Veränderung hervor. Dieses Zusammenspiel von Wiederholung und Veränderung wird in diesem Sammelband mit dem Begriff der ‚Iteration‘ gefasst. Die Autorinnen und Autoren zeigen anhand einer breiten Palette historischer Fallbeispiele, welche Varianten des Wechselspiels von Wiederholung und Wandel zu beobachten sind und welche Befunde sich daraus für eine transdisziplinäre Wissensgeschichte ergeben. Der Band eröffnet die Reihe „Episteme in Bewegung. Beiträge zu einer transdisziplinären Wissensgeschichte“, in der die Ergebnisse der Zusammenarbeit im Sonderforschungsbereich 980, der an der Freien Universität Berlin angesiedelt ist, präsentiert werden.
TitelWissen in Bewegung. Institution – Iteration – Transfer
VerfasserEva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Anita Traninger (Hg.)
MitwirkendeBeteiligte Disziplinen: Ägyptologie, Assyriologie, Germanistik, Iranistik, Islamwissenschaft, Judaistik, Kirchengeschichte, Klass. Philologie, Koreanistik, Kunstgeschichte, Medizin-, Rechts-, Religionsgeschichte, Romanische Philologie u.v.m.
Erschienen inEpisteme in Bewegung. Beiträge zur einer transdisziplinären Wissensgeschichte, Bd. 1

Archaeology Magazine

Morocco cave femurPARIS, FRANCE—Camille Daujeard and Denis Geraads of France’s National Museum of Natural History recently examined a hominin femur recovered from a Moroccan cave in 1994. Likely to have belonged to Homo rhodesiensis, the bone is covered with tooth marks that the researchers say were left by a large carnivore, possibly an extinct hyena. A report in Live Science adds that the marks were covered with sediment, so they were likely to have been made at the time of the hominin’s death or shortly after it. “During this period, early humans likely competed for space [such as natural caves] and resources with large carnivores, who occupied many of the same areas,” said Daujeard. The cave also contained the bones of animals such as gazelles and jackals, and stone tools dating to the Middle Pleistocene, between 781,000 and 126,000 years ago. Hominins are also thought to have scavenged and hunted large carnivores at this time. To read more about Pleistocene archaeology, go to "An Opportunity for Early Humans in China."

Virginia James MonroeCHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA—Excavations at Highland, the home of the United States' fifth president, James Monroe, have uncovered the foundation of a large house, according to a report in The Virginia Gazette. It had been thought that the modest building on the site was Monroe’s home, built in 1799, but dendrochronology of its corner posts suggests that they were cut between 1815 and 1818. This building is now thought to have been constructed during renovations of the property, perhaps as a guest house, mentioned by Monroe in a letter to his son-in-law in September 1818. “This finding represents a breakthrough in how the nation understands Monroe and how he lived,” said Sara Bon-Harper, executive director of James Monroe’s Highland. The newly uncovered foundation includes a chimney base and a stone cellar. Charred wood suggests that the house was destroyed by fire sometime after Monroe sold the property in 1826. Later newspaper accounts refer to the destruction of the former Monroe residence, and the construction of another home on the property in the 1870s. To read more about archaeology in Virginia, go to "Letter from Virginia: Free Before Emancipation."

Ocean One robotSTANFORD, CALIFORNIA—Scientists from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology teamed with Oussama Khatib, a professor of computer science at Stanford University, to create OceanOne, a prototype humanoid robot designed to perform intricate underwater tasks. The robot has a head with stereoscopic vision and two fully articulated arms and hands that relay haptic feedback to the pilot’s controls. “You can feel exactly what the robot is doing. It’s almost like you are there; with the sense of touch you create a new dimension of perception,” Khatib told In addition, sensors in the body monitor the current and automatically adjust to keep the robot stable. To test OceanOne, the team explored the wreck of La Lune, King Louis XIV’s flagship, which sank in 1664 off the southern coast of France. The deep water makes it a dangerous place for human divers, but OceanOne, guided by Khatib back on the boat, carefully recovered a vase from the wreck and placed it in a recovery basket. For more on underwater archaeology, go to "History's 10 Greatest Wrecks..."

SPOKANE, WASHINGTON—According to an Associated Press report, the Army Corps of Engineers has determined that Kennewick Man, discovered in 1996 in southeastern Washington, is related to modern Native American populations. “I am confident that our review and analysis of new skeletal, statistical, and genetic evidence have convincingly led to a Native American Determination,” said Brig. Gen. Scott A. Spellmon, commander of the corps’ Northwestern Division. This means that the 8,500-year-old remains are now covered by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Kennewick Man is currently held at the Burke Museum in Seattle, under the custody of the Army Corps of Engineers. Interested tribes, such as the Colville, Yakama, Umatilla, Nez Perce, and Wanapum Indians, are planning to submit a joint request for the repatriation of the remains, also known as the Ancient One. To read about the earliest people to arrive in North America, go to "America, in the Beginning."

Carole Raddato (Following Hadrian)

Art and sculptures from Hadrian’s Villa: Headless statue of Athena

This month’s sculpture from Hadrian’s Villa is a headless statue of Athena of the Vescovali-Arezzo Type and made of Luna marble. The goddess is depicted wrapped in a himation (cloak). She wears her aegis bordered with small snakes over the … Continue reading

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Underwater archaeology looks at atomic relic of the Cold War

The April issue of Springer’s Journal of Maritime Archaeology (JMA) focuses on a single...

Magnus Reuterdahl (Testimony of the Spade)

Time to close shop!

As much as I loved bloging, and this blog has a special place in my heart, I just don’t have the time anymore. I write in several other places around the web, mainly about wine but still work as an archaeologist. You can find me om twitter, instagram or facebook. I might come back one day, but for now Testimony of the spade is closed. All posts are open though, but don’t expect answers to comments etc.


All the best – archaeology is still taxes well spent!



He has a wife you know

A little something on the Roman infantry helmet

A little something on the Roman infantry helmet

Conor Whately (Byzantine OED)

Catafractarius: officer rank, type of soldier, or both?

I'm frantically trying to make some notes and do some reading so that I can do some typing. I have three draft chapters due June 1st (thought they were do July 1st, then double-checked and saw the mistake). I'm also giving a paper in 2 weeks (the ideas, and nearly an outline, are ready to go -and I've been told the rougher the better). I also have a paper that was due May 31, but which has been pushed to July 1st. Anyway, frantically working away.

One of those pieces is a chapter in my intro to the Roman military book-project, and a chapter on combat at that. I've been struggling, a bit, with how much to include, especially since you can only say so much about combat in 8,500 words (my target) - and given it's meant, really, as in introduction, I'm cognizant of the need to keep the material manageable (not overwhelming with titles, for instance). Anyway, nearly ready to start typing the chapter and gather some last minute research. In particular, I'm going back over Speidel's (the elder, so to speak) 2000 paper, "Who Fought in the Front?". It's a bit fuzzy, because I read it ages ago. Essentially it takes the evidence of Maurice and uses it to look at who was at the front of the ranks in combat fighting in the years between 300 and 600.

It's not an unreasonable idea - using Maurice for an earlier period. After all, Vegetius is regularly used in that way, though he does regularly refer to this antiqua legio (though scholars use other information too). Now, all well and good in this chapter until I get to Speidel's claim that catafractarius could refer to a rank in the military, like decurio (a cavalry rank, usually), and that it under-officers of this new rank were those who fought in the front. That they were heavily-armoured would, on the surface, seem to support his claim. Indeed, if you're at the front doing most of the fighting, then you really do or probably would need more armour, though there's a lot we don't know about what actually happened when opposing sides came to blows, so to speak.

As suggested, what stood out to me was Speidel's claim that catafractarius could refer to rank, and not just a type of soldier. On the surface the suggestion struck me as just plain wrong - I did an encyclopaedia article on them, and I didn't come across any indication it could be an officer. So, I decided to do some digging and find out if I'd been mistaken (wouldn't be the first or the last time I've gotten things wrong). It turns out, however, that the evidence for this is comprised of two lone papyri: CHLA 18 660, and CHLA 43 1248. You can look up all the papyri at, and the inscriptions I'll allude to at The two papyri, however, need not be interpreted as Speidel (and actually Rea in ZPE 56 and Zuckerman in ZPE 100) suggest.

CHLA 18 660, a list of sorts (of supplies) seems to be contrasting soldier catafractarius with actuarius, and an actuarius in this case isn't a rank in the military, but effectively an accountant (albeit one doing paperwork for the military). So, to my mind a type of civilian in the military, and unintentionally contrasted, with a type of soldier in the military. CHLA 43 1248 might point to catafractarius as a rank – for we have a Sarapio promoted (provectus) to decurio at line 1.13: sarapio catafracta(rius), prou(ectus) decur(io), and an Apion promoted to catafractarius at line 1.14: Apion eq(ues) prou(ectus) catafra(ctarius). But in the case of Sarapio, why must it be evidence he’s going from catafractarius to decurio, and why can’t it be that he’s a catafractarius who’s promoted to decurio?  In the case of Apion, might it not be evidence for a regular cavalryman (eques) who’s just been upgraded to catafract? Indeed, in the other two instances, in the same papyrus (CHLA 43 1248), catafractarius is clearly being used to refer to soldier-type. It would seem to me to be needlessly complicated to use both (potential) senses of term, rank and soldier-type, in this document (Contra see Speidel 2000: 477, n. 22).  The two other uses are at 2.8, where we find scholam catafractariorum, and at 3.15, where we find catafractarii. The latter, admittedly, is a bit more ambiguous.

In any case, in these instances it's best to bring in comparative evidence, and for that I turned to the Notitia Dignitatum, and the aforementioned epigraphic and papyrological databases.  In the ND, it should come as no surprise that all mentions of catafract denote a type of soldier (or type of unit). There are at least three units of catafractarii in the eastern praesental armies (Not. Dign. or. 5.34, 6.35, 6.36), one in Thrace, (Not. Dign. or. 8.29), another in the Thebaid (Not. Dign. or. 31.52), and a third in Scythia (Not. Dign. or. 39.16), to say nothing of those we find in Britain   (Not. Dign. oc. 7.200, Not. Dign. oc. 40.21).  

In the epigraphic database there are 16 inscriptions (Latin) that come up that list a form of "cataf", the term I used in my search.  They are AE 1912, 192; AE 1919, 18; CIL 3.99; CIL 3.10307; CIL 3.14406a (here specifies that he’s a heavily armoured cavalryman – equites catafractarios); CIL 5.6784; CIL 11.5632; CIL 13.1848; CIL 13.3493; CIL 13.7323; CIL 16.110; IBulgarien 52; IIFDR 110; IK 31.40 (this one lists both catafractariorum and clibaniariorum); ILCV 504; and AE 1931, 68.  In all 16 of those inscriptions, a form of catafract is used to refer to describe or denote a type of unit, and without question. 

Next I turned back to the papyrological database and decided to try the Greek form, kataphraktos/oi.  In this instance I got 9 hits, but of those only 7 of 9 dated to the common era, and those 7 generally dated between the early third and middle fourth centuries. The first, BGU 1.316, uses the term to refer to a heavily-armoured horse. The second,  P. Abinn. 77, is a lot like CHLA 18 660, and so makes distinctions between civil-military persons and strictly military ones, again actuarius vs. catafractarius (though Hellenized forms, of course). Yes, it could be for officials, but I think catafractarius as heavily-armed cavalry soldier conveys the sense just as well.  The next one, P. Abinn. 78, another this food or supply list, like the previous one makes a distinction between a soldier, and in this case a citizen (or something like a citizen - completely civil then). The next case, P. Oxy 41.2951, uses catafractrius in the exact manner we find it in the epigraphy, namely as a kind of soldier or unit (line 19, ἀριθμοῦ καταφράκτων). P. Panop. Beatty 2 makes the sort of contrast we have in P. Abinn. 77 and 78 and CHLA 18 600.  The penultimate case, SB 18.13852, is the only really ambiguous one, where it could refer to a type of officer. It could also, however, refer to a type of solider. Finally we come to

Tom Matrullo (Classics in Sarasota)

From geometry to rapture: Paradiso 14

Paradiso 14 begins with a geometric structure, captured in the rhetorical pattern known as chiasmus. The word pattern is reflecting, or mimicking, the echoic pattern of water moving in a round vase - from center to circumference, or vice versa, depending upon where something strikes it:
Dal centro al cerchio, e sì dal cerchio al centro
movesi l'acqua in un ritondo vaso,
secondo ch'è percosso fuori o dentro:
From centre unto rim, from rim to centre,
In a round vase the water moves itself,
As from without 'tis struck or from within. (Par. 14. 1-3)
The geometry is not only exact, it is also ineluctable -- the water (or a light, or a sound) will always behave this way. The structure of the circle is such that it will produce the same result each time something either strikes it on the outside, or drops from above.

Such patterns and their identification belong to the work of pattern recognition, which Dante draws our attention to (as we saw a few posts back) with regard to the patterns found in the night sky, and in the sphere of the sun. The reliability of knowledge, we learned, depends upon our capacity to detect formal patterns in nature as well as in language.

Sophie Germain
Some patterns occur in ways that are easily explicable. Others occur quite reliably, but seem less easily explained. Chladni plates (named for Ernst Chladni, whose research explored the invisible interface between sounds and visual patterns) offer evidence of relationships between grains of sand (or couscous) and different frequencies which manifest in distinct patterns at different vibrations. The relationships turn out to be mappable by equations (worked out by Sophie Germain and others) that describe wave dynamics:

Beyond the Sun

This pattern of pattern recognition is violated in Paradiso 14 right after Solomon explains how, after the Resurrection of the body, the souls will still have their glowing light, but now they will have their senses, newly strengthened and able to experience all things new.

No sooner does Solomon end his resonant (and very chiastic) account of this event (at line 66) than we hear Ed ecco -- behold! -- something new and unexpected occurs:
Ed ecco intorno, di chiarezza pari,
nascere un lustro sopra quel che v'era,
per guisa d'orizzonte che rischiari.
E sì come al salir di prima sera
comincian per lo ciel nove parvenze,
sì che la vista pare e non par vera,
parvemi lì novelle sussistenze
cominciare a vedere, e fare un giro
di fuor da l'altre due circunferenze.
Oh vero sfavillar del Santo Spiro!
come si fece sùbito e candente
a li occhi miei che, vinti, nol soffriro!
And lo! all round about of equal brightness
Arose a lustre over what was there,
Like an horizon that is clearing up.

And as at rise of early eve begin
Along the welkin new appearances,
So that the sight seems real and unreal,

It seemed to me that new subsistences
Began there to be seen, and make a circle
Outside the other two circumferences.

O very sparkling of the Holy Spirit,
How sudden and incandescent it became
Unto mine eyes, that vanquished bore it not!  (14.70-78)
The moment is mysterious -- a third circle, but not quite stable, begins to surround the other two. It glimmers like faint lights flickering at dusk, then suddenly becoming blindingly incandescent, overpowering the pilgrim's eyes, which had so far supported the potent rays of the Sun.

Joachim of Flora
Commentators have pondered he meaning of this third circle at length, relating it to the other circles as the Holy Spirit to the Father and Sun, and to prophecies of the Calabrian Joachim of Flora and the dawning of a third age.

What we can say for sure is that in this gloaming nothing is sure: The nove parvenze, or novel appearances, are said to "appear to begin to be seen,"
Si che la vista pare e non par vera,  
So that the sight seems real and unreal.
The canto moves from a realm of regular and predictable order (like the geometry of a vase of water) to a place where appearances are such that they suspend, put into question, our apprehension of pattern. This cognitive predicament, known to psychologists as apophenia, has been described as "the human tendency to perceive meaningful patterns within random data." To find a man or a face in the moon is a common example. The article goes on to note:
Apophenia has come to imply a universal human tendency to seek patterns in random information, such as gambling.
Paradiso 14 is quite clear in breaking with patterns it has produced. It's at line 67 for example that we expect to find another set of 33 lines reiterating the first two, whose clear structure was noted by early commentators like Benvenuto da Imola.

This moment of sunset takes place just as Dante and Beatrice, before they even know it, leave the sun and with it the confidence owed to its clarity. In this darkling moment nothing is certain. If the new circle contains dottori, learned authors, it's unclear how many authors, let alone who they might be. It's all indistinct, says Benvenuto:
non tamen plene et manifeste sicut primae, sed confuse, quia hic erat maximus numerus doctorum quos autor non poterat nominatim numerare, sicut fecerat superiores, nec distincte; sed sub involucro comprehendit omnes.
A new circle appears to appear, and the passage puts stress not upon the solid form of a new circumference, but rather seems to find astonishment that what had been the circumference seems surpassed (sublated, i.e., cancelled and transcended)  by a new circumference -- yet one whose borders remain vague, with the possibility of containing millions of sussistenze in its sparkling (sfavillar). 

The challenge of not knowing is not trivial. It's at this moment that Dante and Beatrice are translated to the sphere of Mars, and now the pilgrim seems to fall back upon his own powers. He raises his eyes, and, as he does so, he and Beatrice are raised up; he now performs a sacrifice in his breast. He is doing these things unprompted and undirected. The action brings results -- a glowing redness in the new sphere appears to answer and approve his internal holocaust.

Close attention to the remainder of the canto will show that the language of action, of performative utterance, supplants the descriptive language of pattern. As the vast galaxy within Mars appears, the vision seems boundless, open-ended, and what the pilgrim begins to experience are, not patterns, not meanings that are understood, but potent beauties that seize the soul:
E come giga e arpa, in tempra tesa
di molte corde, fa dolce tintinno
a tal da cui la nota non è intesa,

così da' lumi che lì m'apparinno
s'accogliea per la croce una melode
che mi rapiva, sanza intender l'inno.
And as a lute and harp, accordant strung
With many strings, a dulcet tinkling make
To him by whom the notes are not distinguished,

So from the lights that there to me appeared
Upgathered through the cross a melody,
Which rapt me, not distinguishing the hymn. (14.118-123)
Three times in quick succession we hear that something is non intesa -- not understood. To go from the Sun to Mars is to go from an aesthetic of beauty to that of the sublime. Perhaps nothing makes this more "clear" than the simile that juxtaposes the vast armies that seem to move along the flashing crossbeams to specks and motes moving at random in a sunbeam. The beam shines through an artificial shade devised by human cunning and art to shield us from the harsh sun. Ingenio e arte provide a glimpse of what was always there, unseen in the full light of day:
così si veggion qui diritte e torte, 
veloci e tarde, rinovando vista, 
le minuzie d'i corpi, lunghe e corte, 
moversi per lo raggio onde si lista 
talvolta l'ombra che, per sua difesa, 
la gente con ingegno e arte acquista.
Thus level and aslant and swift and slow
We here behold, renewing still the sight,
The particles of bodies long and short,

Across the sunbeam move, wherewith is listed
Sometimes the shade, which for their own defence
People with cunning and with art contrive. (14.112-117)
The random specks are not caught up in some Chladni pattern - they remain random. And, of course, they are tiny, compared to the galassia and the giant cross, and the figures moving along its beams. This is perhaps as Miltonic as Dante gets -- vast and small, order and unforced happenstance, equated in a heightened moment of sublime apprehension -- not of pattern, rather a new rapture, potent and uncircumscribed by finite meaning.

AIA Fieldnotes

Oklahoma Archaeology Month

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by Spiro Mounds Archaeological Center
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 15, 2016

A day to celebrate International Archaeology Day and Oklahoma Archaeology Month at the only prehistoric, Native American, archaeological site open to the public in Oklahoma.  There will be lectures by archaeologists, artifacts identified, a guided tour of the Spiro Mounds at 2 p.m., a sand box for youngsters to dig in all through the day.


Dennis Peterson
Call for Papers: 

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Nuove installazioni tecnologiche per la memoria al Museo San Martino della Battaglia

…quanto a’sottoufficiali ed a’soldati morti, non possiamo darne tutti i nomi e ci contenteremo di darne il numero”, si trova scritto su una rivista del 1859. A distanza di 157 anni, finalmente i nomi dei caduti della Battaglia di San Martino sono a disposizione dei visitatori.

Impresarte-Industria, arte e cultura: laboratorio Campania

L’Italia possiede un primato unico al mondo, quello di avere il più ampio patrimonio culturale a livello mondiale con oltre 3.400 musei, 2.100 aree e parchi archeologici e 43 siti Unesco. Il ritorno degli asset culturali Italiani, tuttavia, è frequentemente inespresso sia in termini di ricaduta economica che di sviluppo sociale dei territori.
Valorizzare il patrimonio storico, artistico e culturale italiano significa al tempo stesso tutelare la nostra storia e le nostre tradizioni, innovare e dare opportunità.
Giovani Imprenditori di Confindustria e Giovani dell’Ance hanno deciso di dare luogo ad un evento che abbia un focus proprio sulla valorizzazione della cultura nelle sue diverse sfaccettature e alle strategie e prospettive da poter mettere in campo per una reale generazione di valore dell’immenso patrimonio artistico, pubblico e privato, del nostro Paese.

Virtual Museums and Photographic Heritage: Seminario Internazionale a Pisa

Pisa e il suo affascinante Museo della Grafica di Palazzo Lanfranchi ospiteranno l’evento annuale dell’associazione internazionale Photoconsortium per la valorizzazione del patrimonio fotografico. L’evento, in lingua inglese, si terrà il 4 Maggio 2016 dalle ore 14.30 ed è organizzato dalla società Promoter s.r.l. con la collaborazione dell’associazione culturale pisana Imago.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Acropolis Restoration Service: Newsletter of the Acropolis Restoration Service of the Greek Ministry of Culture

Acropolis Restoration Service: Newsletter of the Acropolis Restoration Service of the Greek Ministry of Culture
Οι ενημερωτικές ειδήσεις από την αναστήλωση των μνημείων της Ακρόπολης απευθύνονται σε ένα ευρύτερο κοινό σε μία προσπάθεια να επικοινωνήσουν την πορεία των εργασιών που λαμβάνουν χώρα στην Ακρόπολη. Την ίδια στιγμή επιδιώκει να προσελκύσει και αναγνώστες με εξειδικευμένα ενδιαφέροντα που ζητούν να έχουν περισσότερη πληροφορήση για ορισμένα ειδικά θέματα που αντιμετωπίζονται κατά την εκτέλεση των έργων. Η περιοδική αυτή ενημέρωση έχει ως στόχο να καταγράψει και να διαδόσει την εμπειρία και τις γνώσεις που έχουν συσσωρευτεί στη διάρκεια όλων αυτών των χρόνων της εκτέλεσης των έργων.
The Acropolis Restoration News is addressed to the general public interested in the progress of the works being carried out on the Acropolis. At the same time, it targets readers with a more specialised interest who would like further information on specific aspects arising in the course of the work. It is hoped that this periodical contributes to the dissemination of the experience and the valuable information that has been gathered in the archaeological and technological fields, throughout all the years this project has been under way.
pdf gif 18x16 Ενημερωτικό Δελτίο 2001
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pdf gif 18x16 Ενημερωτικό Δελτίο 2011 
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pdf gif 18x16 Ενημερωτικό Δελτίο 2013

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Museo Virtuale della Valle del Tevere: la ricostruzione virtuale del paesaggio possibile antico

Giovedì 5 Maggio 2016 dalle opre 14.30 alle ore 19.30 presso la Società Geografica Italiana, in Via della Navicella 12 a Roma si terrà l’evento Museo virtuale della valle del Tevere: la ricostruzone virtuale del paesaggio possibile antico.

ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds

James Clackson, the classisist/historical linguist, recently published on book on sociolinguistics in Ancient Greek & Rome: Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds. I’m a little surprised that I hadn’t seen is before. I try to stay up on these things.

Publishers blurb:

Texts written in Latin, Greek and other languages provide ancient historians with their primary evidence, but the role of language as a source for understanding the ancient world is often overlooked. Language played a key role in state-formation and the spread of Christianity, the construction of ethnicity, and negotiating positions of social status and group membership. Language could reinforce social norms and shed light on taboos. This book presents an accessible account of ways in which linguistic evidence can illuminate topics such as imperialism, ethnicity, social mobility, religion, gender and sexuality in the ancient world, without assuming the reader has any knowledge of Greek or Latin, or of linguistic jargon. It describes the rise of Greek and Latin at the expense of other languages spoken around the Mediterranean and details the social meanings of different styles, and the attitudes of ancient speakers towards linguistic differences.
Even better, Staffan Wahlgren just published a review of the volume (link) in Bryn Mawr Classical Review.

To sum up, this is a really good book. It is up to date, well written and an easy read, and it is well produced with only a very few misprints. The factual errors are neither many nor, on the whole, serious. Perhaps it is not unfair to suspect a certain Anglo-Saxon bias: the bibliography mainly lists works in the English language, and there is an very slight tendency to present multilingualism as abnormal. More important, however, is that this is a work with a clear aim and a lot of coherence; it will serve its purpose as an excellent introduction to a vast subject. Comparing it with the many handbooks that are flooding the market, it seems fortunate that it was written by one person only.

I’ll be giving it a look when I get a chance. Introductory texts on topics like this are greatly needed, for classicists, historians, biblical scholars, and linguists alike.

Filed under: Book Reviews, Books, Greek, Historical Linguistics, Language, Latin, Sociolinguistics

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Nuova versione di Pigments Checker per l’identificazione dei pigmenti

Il laboratorio di Diagnostica CHSOS (Cultural Heritage Science Open Source) ha appena lanciato la versione 3.0 del Pigments Checker, una collezione di 58 pigmenti antichi e moderni tra i più importanti per l‘arte ed il restauro. 

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Crowdfunding the Public Humanities: Intersection Journal

Over the past few years, I’ve seen quite a few interesting public humanities projects float across Kickstarter, the popular crowd funding platform. As people likely know, the catch in using Kickstarter is that you set a target for the amount of money that you want to raise, but you don’t get a penny (and your backers don’t pay a penny) unless you meet that target. It’s all or nothing. 

With the slow decline in funding for the humanities and the public humanities more broadly, these kinds of crowdsourcing platforms have emerged as an alternative way to generate revenue for projects that seek to engage the public in meaningful conversations. As a small publisher and an editor of a recently-defunded public humanities journal, I’ve been drawn to Kickstarter as a way to generate funds for specific projects as well as to promote the work of The Digital Press at the University of North Dakota and North Dakota Quarterly. Whatever the strategy involved in using Kickstarter (picking achievable target, promoting the campaign over social media, and identifying desirable “rewards” for various funding levels, et c.), there are risks. The risk, it seems to me, isn’t that you don’t get funded or don’t deliver (these are real, but completely manageable risks), but that you end up contributing to an expectation that public humanities projects should be funded as commodities appealing as investments and designed to produce “rewards.” 

At the same time, it’s hard to argue with the idea that people working the public humanities deserve to get paid for their work and outside the university setting there is very little space for folks doing public humanities work to make a living.

This seems like a good chance to promote, Chad Ziemendorf’s Kickstarter campaign for his Intersection Journal. Intersection Journal is a visionary forum for long-form photo journalism, and he is looking for funding to support a new campaign of photography with stories from accomplished and award-wining professional photographers. Each photographer will focus on the resilience of rural communities in North Dakota, Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. 

He’s set an ambitious goal of $29,000 to fund the project and, for what it’s worth, the rewards are good. More importantly, the product of the funding will be publicly accessible. In other words, supporting this project does not give you exclusive access to content, but supports a product that is accessible to a wide audience. 

I supported it. You should too. 

Compitum - événements (tous types)

Hagnos, miasma e katharsis

Titre: Hagnos, miasma e katharsis
Lieu: Cittadella dei Musei / Cagliari
Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
Date: 04.05.2016 - 06.05.2016
Heure: 18.00 h

Information signalée par Maria Paola Castiglioni

Hagnos, miasma e katharsis

Viaggio tra le categorie del puro e dell'impuro nell'immaginario del mondo antico



4 maggio (sessione mattutina)

09:15 Saluti delle autorità
10:00 Presentazione del Convegno
10:45 Enzo Lippolis (Università di Roma La Sapienza), Puro e impuro nel mondo antico: lo stato dell'arte
11:15 M. Menichetti, L. Cerchiai (Università di Salerno), La messa in scena della morte nell'immaginario della pittura tombale tarquiniese di età arcaica
12:00 Marco Rendeli (Università di Sassari), I percorsi dell'acqua dall'Etruria alla Sardegna
12:30 Serena Ferrando (Università di Genova), Antichi riti purificatori dell'Italia preromana: il caso del santuario di Mefitis nella valle d'Ansanto
13:00 Massimo Cultraro (IBAM - CNR), Cuore di cane: per un'archeologia dei rituali di purificazione nella Grecia micenea

4 maggio (sessione pomeridiana)

15:00 Mika Kajava (University of Helsinki), Purificare l'impu-ro nel mondo greco: come, quando, perché
15:30 Cristiana Zaccagnino (Queen's University, Kingston), Acqua di mare e sale nei riti purificatori greci
16:00 Romina Carboni (Università di Cagliari), “Devo ritornare indietro, dopo aver gettato via il vaso, come uno che ha gettato via gli oggetti delle purificazioni, senza volgere gli occhi”. Liminarità e impurità nel mondo greco
17:00 Paolo Vitellozzi (independent researcher), Tecniche di purificazione rituale nei papiri magici greci
17:30 Lech Trzcionkowski (Jagiellonian University, Kraków), Chernips (χέρνιψ) as the marker of ritual purity
18:00 Emiliano Cruccas, Dario D'Orlando (Università di Cagliari), “Vengo puro dal puro”. Iniziati e non iniziati tra culti misterici, orfismo e rituali per l'aldilà

5 maggio (sessione mattutina)

09:30 Enrica Zamperini (Università di Padova), Il corpo malato dell'eroe: impurità e allontanamento
10:00 Hélène Bernier-Farella (Université de Cergy Pontoise), La catharsis heroïque. La réstauration de la pureté au cours de l'héroisation
10:30 Eliana Mugione (Università di Salerno), Purezza, purificazione, salvezza negli amyetai della Nekya di Polignoto di Taso
11:30 Ilaria Sforza (Università Roma, Tor Vergata,), Miasma e condizione eroica nell'Iliade
12:00 Eleonora Colangelo (Université Paris Diderot / AnHiMA / Università di Pisa), Dinamiche di purificazione e abilitazione rituale nell'Inno omerico a Apollo (HHA)
12:30 Marco Giuman, Federica Doria (Università di Cagliari), “Θύραζε Κᾶρες, οὐκ ἔτ' Ανθεστήρια”. Alexipharmaka e apotropaia nei rituali dei Choes ateniesi

5 maggio (sessione pomeridiana)

15:00 Giancarlo Germanà (Accademia di Belle Arti di Napoli), Oreste supplice a Delfi su un cratere attico a figure rosse del Museo Archeologico Regionale di Siracusa
15:30 Alfonsina Benincasa (Università di Salerno), Il mito delle Danaidi su un cratere napoletano
16:00 Luca Pucci (Università della Calabria), Diacronia e diatopia delle pratiche purificatorie per omicidio: il caso di Oreste
17:00 Bartlomiej Bednarek (Jagiellonian University, Kraków), Sul riciclo di porcellini: il problema di consumo di carne contaminata
17:30 Irene Salvo (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen), Il sangue: miasma e trasmissione del sapere rituale nella Grecia antica
18:00 Tatiana Cossu (Università di Cagliari), “I frutti puri impazziscono”: approcci antropologici allo studio del mondo antico

6 maggio (sessione mattutina)

09:30 Arnaud Paturet (CNRS, Paris), La mort, le corps, la souillure, la terre et le droit dans l'ancienne Rome
10:00 Dorica Manconi (Soprintendenza Archeologica dell'Umbria), Un fulgur conditum a Todi (Umbria)
10:30 Mario Lentano (Università di Siena), La sacerdotessa prostituta e la vestale incestuosa. Dibattiti sulla purezza nella declamazione latina
11:30 Elena Emilia Stefan (Université de Bucarest), Les Romains face aux séismes: la reconstruction après un tremblement de terre comme moyen de purification de l'espace
12:00 Matthieu Soler (Université Toulouse II), Les dieux et les hommes face à la souillure de la mort et de la violence dans les amphithéâtres
12:30 Yann Rivière (EHESS, Paris), La deportatio aux deux derniers siècles de la République romaine (expulsions rituelles, procuration des prodiges et purification de l'ager romanus)

6 maggio (sessione pomeridiana)

15:00 Marie Augier (Université de Strasbourg), Nul n'entre ici s'il n'est purifié. Corps, gestes et souillure dans les prescriptions cathartiques de la période archaïque à la période romaine
15:30 Francesco Marcattili (Università di Perugia), Culti e purificazione postbellica lungo la Sacra Via
16:00 Ciro Parodo (Università di Cagliari), Impurità e steri-lità: i Lupercalia e la politica augustea di incremento demo-grafico
17:00 Gian Luca Grassigli, Benedetta Sciaramenti (Università di Perugia), Lustrare tergere abluere: forme di purificazione nelle Metamorfosi di Ovidio
17:30 Rossana Martorelli, Anna Mantega, Marcella Serchisu (Università di Cagliari), Puro e impuro nell'immaginario dei primi Cristiani
18:00 Presentazione della rivista Otium (Gian Luca Grassigli, Università di Perugia)
Discussione e tavola rotonda conclusiva

Lieu de la manifestation : Cagliari, Cittadella dei Musei
Organisation : Marco Giuman, Romina Carboni, Maria Paola Castiglioni
Contact : labeikonikos.call2016[at]

AIA Fieldnotes

Archeology and the U.S. Armory Grounds

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by National Park Service, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Saturday, October 22, 2016 - 2:00pm

This event will be held at the Train Station in Lower Town Harpers Ferry.  NPS archeologists will present a PowerPoint about the history of the Harpers Ferry Armory and the various excavations that have taken place since 2005.  The Harpers Ferry Armory site is a multi-component site spanning from the late Archaic to the early twentieth century.  


Darlene Hassler
Call for Papers: 

Current Epigraphy

Eikones Summer School (Basel, Sept 4–9, 2016)

eikones Summer School
September 4–9, 2016

Course 1: Iconicity in writing.
Practices and constraints

Complex writing systems—such as the Egyptian, the Cuneiform, the Anatolian Hieroglyphic, the Chinese or the Mesoamerican ones—display a characteristic iconic quality. To various degrees, their signs adopt forms with recognizable visual referents. Crucially, the values of these signs can be motivated in various ways by their visual referents. In a number of different manners, scribes could also deliberately enhance or obscure the iconic potential of signs. The field for this kind of playfulness or iconic manipulation is broad, yet it is constrained by certain rules. The same goes for the general level of iconicity in any complex writing system. The course aims at developing methodological approaches toward identifying the different facets of iconicity as a central phenomenon of complex writing systems. Iconicity is conceived here as an inherently pragmatic and dynamic category. It reveals its potential as a methodological framework at the interfaces between a) the text artefact in which the signs exist, b) the broader semiotics of the (visual) culture to which a writing system is more or less closely related, and c) the cognitive issues associated with sign recognition and reading.

The eikones Summer School invites applications from advanced and graduate students in any of the relevant fields (Egyptology, Assyriology, Sinology, etc.) as well as, more broadly, students with a marked interest in the semiotic, philosophical, cognitive, high-cultural or aesthetic facets of the problem. Familiarity with one complex writing system is obviously an advantage, but not a requirement.

Please send applications as a pdf to by 30 May 2016.

Full details and description in German at

Joint Library of the Hellenic & Roman Societies / Institute of Classical Studies Library

Bank Holiday reminder & ICS events 2nd-7th May 2016

Monday 2nd May

Wednesday 4th May
13:00 ICS Director's Seminar
A digital Edition of FGrHist 104 [Aristodemus]
Pietro Luzzo (Heidelberg)
Room 246 - Senate House

17:00 T.B.L. Webster Lecture
Two Reliefs and what they tell us about Athenian Comedy
Eric Csapo (Sydney)
G22/26 - Senate House

Thursday 5th May
16:30 ICS Ancient History Seminar
Greek culture and political power in the Hellenistic East
Laurianne Martinez Sève (Lille)
Room 349 - Senate House

Friday 6th May
16:30 ICS Postgraduate Work in Progress Seminar
Middle Comedy: Not only mythology and food. The political and contemporary dimension
Virginia Mastellari (Freiburg)
Room 246 - Senate House

If the ICS Events page is unavailable, please see the SAS Events brochure (pdf) or here for ICS events listings.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Jury Duty and the Historical Jesus

The first two days of this week, I was selected for jury service. This was my first time selected. I wished I could have recorded some of the ways that the lawyers explained the criteria of evidence during the voir dire, explaining that “beyond reasonable doubt” doesn't mean “beyond all doubt” and other things that [Read More...]

Jim Davila (

Report: Palmyra can be restored

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Review of Bayley, Freestone, Jackson (eds.), Glass of the Roman World

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Teenage antiquities vandals out themselves

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Samuel Hardy (Conflict Antiquities)

ISIS and the missing treasures, the missing treasures and ISIS?

Last year, Simon Cox led a team who investigated ISIS: Looting for Terror for the BBC (File on 4). Since then, he has led a team who have investigated ISIS and the Missing Treasures for Channel 4 (Dispatches). On both occasions, they have done solid investigative work and secured new evidence of antiquities trafficking. My […]

Compitum - publications

A. Rodolfi, Cognitio obumbrata. Lo statuto epistemologico della profezia nel secolo XIII


Anna Rodolfi, Cognitio obumbrata. Lo statuto epistemologico della profezia nel secolo XIII, Florence, 2016.

Éditeur : Sismel - Edizioni del Galluzzo
Collection : Micrologus' Library, 74
VIII-216 pages
ISBN : 978-88-8450-689-4
40 €

Nel XIII secolo la profetologia di lingua latina conobbe una grande fioritura. Il problema della conoscenza profetica fu posto al centro del dibattito teologico e filosofico: cosa succede nella mente del profeta quando accoglie i contenuti del messaggio profetico? Qual è il rapporto tra profezia e conoscenza ordinaria? Da Guglielmo d'Auxerre a Tommaso d'Aquino (e oltre), si sviluppò lungo tutto il secolo un vivace dibattito, di cui il presente volume tenta di fornire un'analisi complessiva.

Source : SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Jim Davila (

John Ma on the Maccabees

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Mellon postdoc at Penn

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Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Mégarika. Nouvelles recherches sur Mégare et les cités de la Propontide et du Pont-Euxin.

Robu, A. et I. Bîrzescu (2016) : Mégarika. Nouvelles recherches sur Mégare et les cités de la Propontide et du Pont-Euxin. Archéologie, épigraphie, histoire, Paris. Cet ouvrage publie les actes du colloque organisé en juillet 2012 à Mangalia ( Roumanie), l’ancienne … Lire la suite

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2016.04.46: Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Key themes in ancient history

Review of James Clackson, Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Key themes in ancient history. Cambridge: 2015. Pp. xiv, 204. £19.99​. ISBN 9780521140669.

2016.04.45: The Greek Epic Cycle and Its Ancient Reception: A Companion

Review of Marco Fantuzzi, Christos Tsagalis, The Greek Epic Cycle and Its Ancient Reception: A Companion. Cambridge: 2015. Pp. xiii, 678. $195.00. ISBN 9781107012592.

2016.04.44: Return to Troy: New Essays on the Hollywood Epic. Metaforms, 5

Review of Martin M. Winkler, Return to Troy: New Essays on the Hollywood Epic. Metaforms, 5. Leiden; Boston: 2015. Pp. x, 284. $163.00. ISBN 9789004292765.

Compitum - événements (tous types)

Le Liber glossarum. Sources, composition, réception

Titre: Le Liber glossarum. Sources, composition, réception
Lieu: Université Paris Diderot - Paris VII / Paris
Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
Date: 25.05.2016 - 27.05.2016
Heure: 15.30 h - 17.30 h

Information signalée par Jacques Elfassi


Le Liber glossarum (s. VII-VIII). Sources, composition, réception

25-27 mai 2016
Université Paris Diderot - Paris (France)

Au terme du projet ERC StG 263577, la rencontre se propose de présenter le site de l'édition ainsi que de réunir des spécialistes des divers champs concernés par le Liber glossarum. Les communications porteront principalement sur les sources isidoriennes, patristiques, grammaticales et scientifiques de l'oeuvre, sur les conditions de sa composition analysée au travers d'indices paléographiques, ainsi que sur sa réception carolingienne.

Source :

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: April 28

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem quartum Kalendas Maias.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Penelope, Laertes and Telemachus; you can also see the legends for the current week listed together here.


TINY MOTTOES: Today's tiny motto is: Semper liber (English: Always free).

3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word verb-less proverb is Littera custos historiae (English: Writing is the guardian of history).

AUDIO PROVERBS: Today's audio Latin proverb is Est unusquisque faber ipsae suae fortunae (English: Each and every person is the maker of his own luck). To read a brief essay about this proverb and to listen to the audio, visit the Latin Via Proverbs blog.

PUBLILIUS SYRUS: Today's proverb from Publilius Syrus is: Stultum est queri de adversis, ubi culpa est tua (English: It's stupid to complain about difficulties when the fault is yours).

ERASMUS' ANIMALS: Today's animal proverb from Erasmus is Camelus desiderans cornua, etiam aures perdidit (English: Hoping for horns, the camel lost its ears, too; from Adagia 3.5.8, alluding to the famous Aesop's fable).

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Domus Propria. Click here for a full-sized view. I'm sharing these with English translations at Google+ now too.

And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:

Gratia referenda. 
 A favor should be returned.

Ubi pericula, ibi gloria.
Where danger, there glory.


MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Piscatores et Lapis Ingens, a story about life's ups and downs.

FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Pirata et Alexander Rex, a story about pirates big and small (this fable has a vocabulary list).

Growth Mindset Memes. For more about this growth cat, see this blog post. Nosce te ipsum. Know yourself.

Ben Blackwell (Dunelm Road)

The Psalms with Eugene Peterson and Bono

Thanks to Fuller Studios for producing this engagement between Bono and Eugene Peterson on the Psalms.

April 27, 2016

Calenda: Histoire romaine

Hagnos, Miasma et Katharsis

Le colloque international « Hagnos, Miasma, Katharsis. Voyage entre les catégories du pur et de l’impur dans l’imaginaire du monde ancien » (Cagliari, 4-6 mai 2016) propose une mise au point sur les études consacrées aux phénomènes du pur et de l’impur et à leur exégèse antique. La réflexion autour de ce thème privilégiera une approche interdisciplinaire, tenant compte des perspectives iconographique, littéraire, anthropologique et historico-religieuse, afin d’encourager une confrontation et un dialogue élargis entre les spécialistes de cette question cruciale pour comprendre les mentalités antiques.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

'Lost' Medieval Music Performed for First Time in 1,000 Years

The language of music is universal, but can be lost over time.After a 20-year reconstruction effort,...

ArcheoNet BE

Bezoek op 8 mei de opgraving van de Spaanse omwalling in Antwerpen

Op zondag 8 mei krijgt iedereen de unieke kans om de restanten van de Spaanse omwalling in Antwerpen te bezoeken en een archeologische werf van dichtbij te ontdekken. In het kader van de werken aan de Noorderlijn hebben archeologen een deel van de omwalling blootgelegd. In principe zijn er geen bezoekers toegelaten op de site, maar op 8 mei kan iedereen de vondsten komen bezichtigen.

Waar vandaag de Leien gelegen zijn, lag in de 16de eeuw de Spaanse omwalling. Dit was een versterkte stadsmuur om Antwerpen te beschermen tegen invallen van buitenaf. Met de werken aan de Leien in het kader van het project Noorderlijn, kwam de stadsomwalling terug aan het licht. Op 8 mei is een onderdeel ervan, namelijk het Huidevettersbastion tot 6 meter onder het straatniveau uitgegraven en dus volledig zichtbaar. De stad grijpt deze gelegenheid aan om een open werf te organiseren. Zo heeft iedereen de kans om deze archeologische vondst te komen bezichtigen. Daarna wordt op deze plaats de premetrotunnel aangelegd.

Praktisch: de ingang voor bezoekers is voorzien aan de hoek van de Frankrijklei en de Maria-Theresialei. Je kan de werf gratis bezoeken van 11 tot 17 uur. Inschrijvingen zijn niet nodig. Voorzie stevig schoeisel.

AIA Fieldnotes

Can You Dig It? Archaeology and Fossil Day

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
Start Date: 
Sunday, October 16, 2016 - 1:30pm

In celebration of International Archaeology Day and National Fossil Day, the McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Tennessee, and the Archaeological Institute of America, East Tennessee Society, are hosting Can You Dig It?–an event for families and the public on Sunday, October 16 from 1:30-5:00 p.m. at the Museum.


Debbie Woodiel
Call for Papers: 

Archaeology Magazine

TAICHUNG CITY, TAIWAN—Among the 48 sets of human remains unearthed in an ancient cemetery in central Taiwan, archaeologists found the graves of five children, and the remains of a woman who had been buried with an infant in her arms some 4,800 years ago. “When it was unearthed, all of the archaeologists and staff members were shocked. Why? Because the mother was looking down at the baby in her hands,” Chu Whei-lee of Taiwan’s National Museum of Natural Science said in a Reuters report. For more, go to "The Price of Tea in China."

Israel scarab sealHAIFA, ISRAEL—A birdwatcher visiting Tel Dor last winter discovered an Egyptian scarab brought to the surface by heavy rains. According to a report in The Times of Israel, the seal is thought to have belonged to an official from the Thirteenth Dynasty, dating back to the eighteenth century B.C. “The scarab belonged to a very senior figure in the kingdom, probably the viceroy responsible for the royal treasury,” said Ayelet Gilboa of the University of Haifa. Researchers think the scarab may have been carried to northern Israel by the viceroy or his representative, or it may have arrived at the site later, during the Roman period, when there was a demand for Egyptian artifacts. To read about another recent Egyptological discovery, go to "Egypt’s Immigrant Elite."

Denmark Neolithic axesVIBORG, DENMARK—The Copenhagen Post reports that two flint axes, said to be the largest ever found in Denmark, have been recovered from a drained bog near Tastum Lake. The flint axes date to the Neolithic period and are thought to have been placed in the bog as part of a ritual sacrifice between 3800 and 3500 B.C. “It’s fascinating that they could master the flint and produce such a perfect ax,” said archaeologist Mikkel Kieldsen of the Viborg Museum. To read about another discovery in Denmark, go to "Bronze Age Bride."

Oregon Old DetroitDETROIT, OREGON—Low water levels in Oregon’s Detroit Lake revealed a wooden cargo wagon and a concrete pit near what had been a Forest Service ranger station before the area was flooded in 1953 by the Detroit Dam. U.S. Forest Service archaeologist Cara Kelly interviewed locals who lived in the area, known as Old Detroit, and learned that at one time, the pit in question may have been lined with rocks and filled with goldfish. “It really was the beginning of full administration and protection of the forest reserves. Guard stations during this time served as backcountry living quarters where forest rangers were stationed during the summer, constructing trails, installing telephone lines, and patrolling land on horseback in search of smoke from wildfires,” she said in a report in the Appeal Tribune. To read about another site where the U.S. Forest Service is conducting research, go to "Off the Grid."

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Hominins may have been food for carnivores 500,000 years ago

Tooth-marks on a 500,000-year-old hominin femur bone found in a Moroccan cave indicate that it was...

Corps determines Kennewick Man is Native American

The ancient skeleton known as Kennewick Man is related to modern Native American tribes, the U.S....

The Archaeological Review

The First Wonder

First occurrence of Sed jubilee

Year 2 second month of the first season, day 3

This wonder which happened to his majesty : that the beasts of the highlands came down to him; there came a gazelle great with young, going with the face of the people before her, while her eyes looked backward; she did not turn back until she arrived at this august mountain, at this block, it still being in place, for this lid of this sarcophagus. She dropped her young upon it while the army of the king was looking. Then they cut off her neck before it and brought fire. It descended in safety.

Now, it was the majesty of this august god, lord of the highlands, who gave the offering to his son, Nibtowere, Mentuhotep IV, living forever, in order that his heart might be joyful, that he might live upon his throne forever and ever, that he might celebrate millions of Sed Jubilees.

The hereditary prince, count, governor of the city and vizier, chief of all nobles of judicial office, supervisor of everything in this whole land, the vizier Amenemhet.


Ancient Records of Egypt: James Breasted 

Ancient Peoples

Two-part kohl tubeRoman, 3rd - 4th century Glass and bronze,...

Two-part kohl tube

Roman, 3rd - 4th century

Glass and bronze, 11.5 cm high (4 ½ in)

Source: The J. Paul Getty Museum

Archaeological News on Tumblr

4,800-year-old fossil of mother cradling baby discovered

TAIPEI – Just in time for Mother’s Day, archaeologists in Taiwan have discovered a...

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Biblica

[First posted in AWOL 27 October 2011. Most recently updated 27 April 2016]

ISSN: 0006-0887
Published since 1920 by the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome, Biblica is a research journal and appears four times a year. 
It is dedicated to biblical studies on the Old and New Testament, and intertestamentary literature, and covers fields of research, such as exegesis, philology, and history.

You can contact the Biblica's editors and send your contributions by email:General EditorOld Testament EditorNew Testament EditorBook Review EditorManaging Editor
Roger Boily, Managing Editor for Biblica On-line
The On-line edition was launched in 1998.
It includes General Indexes by Authors and by Biblical Books, summaries and complete text of articles and short notes beginning with the year 1998.
To read non-Latin characters, please consult the font instructions.
Manuscripts submitted for publication in Biblica should conform to the directions given in "Editorial Instructions for Contributors".
For information about subscriptions to Biblica or about sending books for review, please click here.

      AIA Fieldnotes

      Learn to throw an Atlatl with the experts

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by St. Louis County Park Service
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 15, 2016 -
      10:00am to 2:00pm

      International Archaeology Day celebrated at Fort Belle Fontaine County Park (a National Registery Historic Site). Discuss prehistoric hunting and butchering tools, then practice throwing an Atlatl (under adult, expert supervision!!!). Experts from the Missouri Atlatl Association will be at the event. Also a discussion of the archaeological evidence for Fort Belle Fontaine that was established in 1805.

      AIA Society: 


      Linda Bickel
      Call for Papers: 

      Compitum - événements (tous types)

      La meχ rasnal étrusque

      Titre: La meχ rasnal étrusque
      Lieu: Université Jean Monnet / Saint-Etienne
      Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
      Date: 11.05.2016
      Heure: 13.30 h - 15.30 h

      Information signalée par Jacques Elfassi

      5e séance des Constitutions mixtes

      La meχ rasnal étrusque : une constitution mixte fille de la δημοκρατία athénienne et mère de la rēs pūblica romaine ?

      Jean Hadas-Lebel, MCF HDR de langues et littératures anciennes (Université Lumière - Lyon 2, HiSoMA)

      mercredi 11 mai 2016 - de 13h30 à 15h30

      Institution d'Administration des Entreprises - Campus Tréfilerie, salle KR4 - Université de Saint-Étienne


      Héloïse et Abélard

      Titre: Héloïse et Abélard
      Lieu: Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée / Lyon
      Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
      Date: 03.05.2016
      Heure: 18.00 h

      Information signalée par Jacques Elfassi



      Héloïse et Abélard

      Lettres d’amour, rhétorique et histoire des textes : les Epistulae duorum amantium sont-elles d’Héloïse et Abélard ?

      Anne-Marie Turcan-Verkerk, directeur d’études à l’EPHE, section des sciences historiques et philologiques, langue et littérature latines du Moyen Âge et Jean-Yves Tilliette, professeur de langue et littérature latine du Moyen Âge à l’Université de Genève.

      mardi 3 mai 2016 - 18h - amphi Benveniste - MOM - entrée par le 86 rue Pasteur - Lyon 7e

      Source : HiSoMA

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Altertumswissenschaften in a Digital Age: Egyptology, Papyrology and beyond

      Altertumswissenschaften in a Digital Age: Egyptology, Papyrology and beyond
      Edited by Monica Berti and Franziska Naether

      Proceedings of a conference and workshop in Leipzig, November 4-6, 2015
      Dokumente und Dateien


      Bitte nutzen Sie beim Zitieren immer folgende Url:
      1. Chapter 1 = Research Area 1: How to Structure and Organize Data?
      1.1. Felix Schäfer (DAI Berlin, IANUS): Ein länges Leben für Deine Daten!

      1.2. Simon Schweitzer (Berlin): The Text Encoding Software of the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae

      1.3. Frank Feder (Göttingen): Cataloguing and editing Coptic Biblical texts in an online database system

      1.4. Tom Gheldof (Leuven): Trismegistos: identifying and aggregating metadata of Ancient World texts

      1.5. Monica Berti, Franziska Naether, Julia Jushaninowa, Giuseppe G.A. Celano,
      Polina Yordanova (Leipzig/Sofia/New York): The Digital Rosetta Stone: textual alignment and linguistic annotation

      1.6. Camilla Di Biase-Dyson, Stefan Beyer, Nina Wagenknecht (Göttingen/Leipzig):
      Annotating figurative language: Another perspective for digital Altertumswissenschaften

      1.7. Jochen Tiepmar (Leipzig): Release of the MySQL based implementation of the CTS protocol

      1.8. Simon Schweitzer (Berlin), Simone Gerhards (Mainz): Auf dem Weg zu einem TEI-Austauschformat für ägyptisch-koptische Texte

      1.9. Nicola Reggiani (Heidelberg/Parma): The Corpus of Greek Medical Papyri and Digital Papyrology: new perspectives from an ongoing project

      1.10. Marc Brose, Josephine Hensel, Gunnar Sperveslage, (Leipzig/Berlin): Von Champollion bis Erman – Lexikographiegeschichte im Digitalen Zeitalter, Projekt “Altägyptische Wörterbücher im Verbund”

      1.11. Lucia Vannini (London): Virtual reunification of papyrus fragments

      1.12. Matthias Schulz (Leipzig): What remains behind – on the virtual reconstruction of dismembered manuscripts

      2. Chapter 2 = Research Area 2: Which Fields of Research are
      Relevant? Established and Emerging Use Cases

      2.1. Anne Herzberg (Berlin): Prosopographia Memphitica. Individuelle Identitäten und Kollektive Biographien einer Residenzstadt des Neuen Reiches

      2.2. Felicitas Weber (Swansea): The Ancient Egyptian Demonology Project: Second Millennium BCE

      2.3. Holger Essler, Vincenzo Damiani (Würzburg): Anagnosis – automatisierte Buchstabenverknüpfung von Transkript und Papyrusabbildung

      2.4. So Miyagawa (Göttingen/Kyoto): An Intuitive Unicode Input Method for Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Writing: Applying the Input Technology of the Japanese Writing System

      2.5. Mark-Jan Nederhof (St. Andrews): OCR of hand-written transcriptions of hieroglyphic text

      2.6. Svenja A. Gülden, Kyra van der Moezel (Mainz): „Altägyptische Kursivschriften“ in a digital age

      2.7. Claudia Maderna-Sieben, Fabian Wespi, Jannik Korte (Heidelberg):
      Deciphering Demotic Digitally 
      2.8. Christopher Waß (München): Demotisch, Hieratisch und SQL: Ein Beispiel für die Anwendung von DH in der Ägyptologie

      3. Chapter 3 = Research Area 3: How to Train Next Generations?

      3.1. Julia Jushaninowa (Leipzig): E-learning Kurs “Verarbeitung digitaler Daten in der Ägyptologie”

      4. Chapter 4 = Research Area 4: How to Impact Society? Citizen
      Science and Public Engagement

      4.1. Usama Gad (Heidelberg/Cairo): The Digital Challenges and Chances: The Case of Papyri and Papyrology in Egypt

      4.2. Aris Legowski (Bonn): The Project is completed! What now? The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead – A Digital Textzeugenarchiv

      5. Chapter 5: Additional Papers

      5.1. Rita Lucarelli, Images of Eternity in 3D. The visualization of ancient Egyptian coffins through photogrammetry

      5.2. Van der Perre, Athena (Brussels): From Execration Texts to Quarry Inscriptions. Combining IR, UV and 3D-Imaging for the Documentation of Hieratic Inscriptions

      6. Chapter 6: Workshops

      6.1. Protocol of Workshop 1 by Franziska Naether and Felix Schäfer: Disruptive
      Technologies: Feature on 3D in Egyptian Archaeology (Chair: Felix Schäfer)
      with short presentations

      6.2. Hassan Aglan (Luxor): 3D tombs modeling by simple tools

      6.3. Rebekka Pabst (Mainz): Neue Bilder, neue Möglichkeiten. Chancen für die Ägyptologie durch das 3D-Design

      6.4. Protocol of Workshop 2 by Monica Berti, Franziska Naether and Svenja A.
      Gülden: Annotated Corpora: Trends and Challenges (Chair : Svenja A. Gülden)

      6.5. Minutes of the Final Discussion with suggestions and decisions for the field by
      Monica Berti and Franziska Naether

      7. Poster Presentations

      7.1. Isabelle Marthot (Universität Basel): Papyri of the University of Basel (together
      with Sabine Huebner and Graham Claytor)

      7.2. Isabelle Marthot (Universität Basel): University of Minnesota Project: Ancient
      Lives, a crowd-sourced Citizen Science project

      7.3. Uta Siffert (Universität Wien): Project Meketre: From Object to Icon (together
      with Lubica Hudakova, Peter Jánosy and Claus Jurman)

      7.4. Charlotte Schubert et al.: “Digital Classics Online” Journal

      8. Photos of the Venue by Monica Berti, Julia Jushaninowa and
      Franiska Naether

      If you want to know more: Links

      Check out what people tweeted and posted about and during the conference by
      searching after the hashtag “#DHEgypt15” on Twitter ( and
      Facebook (

      Institutional Homepages in Leipzig:
      Digital Humanities:


      Julia Jushaninowa’s Blog Report about the conference:

      Antiquitas (Sciences de l'Antiquité à l'Université de Lorraine)

      Atelier « démotique pratique » à la MAE René Ginouvès

      Damien Agut-Labordère (CNRS, UMR 7041-ArScAn-HAROC), propose une formation pratique au démotique du 20 juin au 24 juin 2016 à la MAE René Ginouvès à Nanterre.

      «Pratique» signifie que cette formation s’adresse à tous ceux qui souhaitent se familiariser rapidement avec la documentation égyptienne démotique (VIIe siecle av. J.-C. au IVe siecle ap. J.-C.). Il s’agira d’aller directement aux documents pour permettre aux auditeurs d’acquerir le plus rapidement possible les bases permettant de se repérer dans les éditions de textes.

      Aucun pré-requis en langue égyptienne n’est nécessaire pour suivre cette formation.

      Programme (horaires des séances : 9h30-12h00 – 13h30-17h00) :

      Lundi 20 juin : Documentation économique et fiscale. Lire des reçus de taxes (époques saïte, hellenistique et romaine).

      Mardi 21 juin : Documentation funéraire. Épigraphie funéraire et étiquettes de momie (époques hellénistique et romaine).

      Jeudi 23 juin : Documentation notariale. Ventes et locations de terres. Reconnaissance de dette. « Contrat de mariage »

      Vendredi 24 juillet : Documentation littéraire. Extraits de contes et de sagesses. Littérature prophétique.

      Si vous souhaitez vous inscrire, merci de prendre contact :

      10 places disponibles

      Maison Archéologie & Ethnologie, Reneé-Ginouvès
      21, allée de l’Université, F-92023, Nanterre Cedex

      Télécharger le programme.

      Compitum - événements (tous types)

      Roma antica nell'età dei Lumi

      Titre: Roma antica nell'età dei Lumi
      Lieu: Università di Firenze - Dipartimento SAGAS / Florence
      Catégorie: Colloques, journées d'études
      Date: 26.05.2016
      Heure: 15.30 h - 17.30 h

      Information signalée par Marco Cavalieri

      Roma antica nell'età dei Lumi


      Le vendredi 26 mai 2016, au Département SAGAS (Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo) de l'Université de Florence (Palazzo Fenzi, via San Gallo 10, Sala Bartolomeo Ricci), aura lieu un workshop interdisciplinaire sur le thème « Roma antica nell'età dei Lumi ».

      Le séminaire, qui s'insère dans le cycle de rencontres « TEMI e PROBLEMI 2015-2016 » (sous la responsabilité de L. Felici), est promu par le « Laboratorio di Storia Moderna » et plus particulièrement par l'unité « Antiquitates e storia romana nella cultura del Settecento » coordonnée par Mme la Professeure I. G. Mastrorosa. L'objectif de l'activité est d'approfondir les questions de l'interprétation et de la réception du culte de Rome et de l'Antiquité au XVIIIe siècle par une approche interdisciplinaire, à travers l'examen de divers aspects d'ordre historique, culturel, archéologique ou relatifs aux antiquités.

      L'activité, qui est organisée conjointement par les Professeurs I. G. Mastrorosa (Université de Florence) et M. Cavalieri (Université catholique de Louvain), s'articule en deux sessions : la première est consacrée à l'interprétation des institutions et des personnages de la Rome antique qu'on retrouve dans les œuvres de personnalités renommées de l'époque des Lumières en Europe (Montesquieu, Mably, Saint Croix, Voltaire) ; la deuxième sera plutôt axée sur l'analyse des formes et des caractéristiques du collectionnisme et de la culture inspirée de l'Antiquité dans la Vénétie, la Campanie (Pompéi et Herculanum) et le duché de Parme et Plaisance à l'époque des Lumières.


      S. ZAMPONI (Università di Firenze)
      Direttore del Dipartimento SAGAS
      L. FELICI (Università di Firenze)
      Coordinatore del Laboratorio di Storia Moderna

      10.30 INTRODUZIONE
      I. G. MASTROROSA (Università di Firenze)
      M. CAVALIERI (Université catholique de Louvain)

      10.45 PRIMA SESSIONE
      Istituzioni e figure di Roma antica nell'Illuminismo europeo
      Coordina R. MAZZEI (Università di Firenze)

      10.45 I.G. MASTROROSA (Università di Firenze)
      «une ambition plus lente et plus douce que celle de César»: la strategia politica di Pompeo secondo Montesquieu e Mably
      11.30 M.S. MONTECALVO (Università di Foggia)
      Il barone de Sainte-Croix e l'impero: i poteri di Augusto e il ritratto di Adriano
      12.15 U. ROBERTO (Università Europea di Roma)
      Voltaire, l'impero romano e i cristiani: considerazioni su alcune voci del Dictionnaire philosophique (1764)
      13.00 Discussione

      Dall'antiquaria all'archeologia: la cultura dell'antico nell'Italia dell'età dei Lumi
      Coordina D. PEGAZZANO (Università di Firenze)

      15.15 I. FAVARETTO (Università di Padova)
      Collezioni di antichità e il loro spazio: allestimenti e scenografia nelle raccolte veneziane del Settecento
      16.00 S. FORESTA (Università di Napoli Federico II)
      La scoperta di Ercolano e Pompei: cultura antiquaria e nascita dell'archeologia nel Secolo dei Lumi
      16.45 M. CAVALIERI (Université catholique de Louvain)
      «Velleja [...] est une des curiosités de ce siècle». Le Antiquitates veleiati: collezionismo, archeologia e politica tra Italia e Francia nel XVIII secolo
      17.30 Discussione – Chiusura dei lavori

      Lieu de la manifestation : Florence (Italie), Université de Florence (Palazzo Fenzi, via San Gallo 10, Sala Bartolomeo Ricci)
      Organisation : I.G. Mastrorosa et M. Cavalieri
      Contact : marco.cavalieri[at]

      La préfecture du prétoire d'Italie

      Titre: La préfecture du prétoire d'Italie
      Lieu: ENS Ulm / Paris
      Catégorie: Séminaires, conférences
      Date: 04.05.2016
      Heure: 16.00 h - 18.00 h

      Information signalée par Guillaume Flamerie de Lachapelle

      Pierfrancesco PORENA, Naissance et disparition de la préfecture du prétoire d'Italie : de Constantin à Théodoric

      Séminaire d'antiquité tardive


      Séminaire d'antiquité tardive à l'ENS organisé par M. Christophe Goddard (AOrOc-CNRS-ENS).

      Pierfrancesco PORENA, Professeur invité à l'ENS, Prof. Associato di Storia Romana (L-ANT/03), Università degli Studi di Roma Tre - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici

      Naissance et disparition de la préfecture du prétoire d'Italie : de Constantin à Théodoric.
      1. La préfecture du prétoire et l'installation des Ostrogoths en Italie en 493 après J.-C.

      Programme détaillé:

      Lieu de la manifestation : ENS Ulm - salle F

      AIA Fieldnotes

      Archaeology as Social and Cultural Practice: Experience and Prospects of Managing Heritage

      Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
      Sponsored by Samara State Institute of Culture
      Event Type (you may select more than one): 
      Start Date: 
      Saturday, October 15, 2016

      Learning-practical project "Archaeology as Social and Cultural Practice: Experience and Prospects of Managing Heritage" with publishing of collection (book).


      Vladimir Ionesov
      Call for Papers: 
      CFP Deadline: 
      June 10, 2016

      Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

      Magnus, l'app che riconosce le opere d'arte

      È stata lanciata ufficialmente Magnus, la nuova app dedicata al mondo dell'arte. Già soprannominata lo "Shazam per l'arte", l'app permette di avere informazioni su un'opera semplicemente scattando una foto. Scaricabile gratuitamente dall'Apple Store consente di fruire di dettagli sull'opera compresi i prezzi.

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      ISAW Papers 11 (2016): The moon phase anomaly in the Antikythera Mechanism

      The moon phase anomaly in the Antikythera Mechanism
      Christián C. Carman and Marcelo Di Cocco
      ISAW Papers 11 (2016)

      Abstract: The Antikythera Mechanism is a mechanical astronomical instrument that was discovered in an ancient shipwreck at the beginning of the twentieth century, made about the second century B.C. It had several pointers showing the positions of the moon and sun in the zodiac, the approximate date according to a lunisolar calendar, several subsidiary dials showing calendrical phenomena, and also predictions of eclipses. The mechanism also had a display of the Moon’s phases: a small ball, half pale and half dark, rotating with the lunar synodic period and so showing the phases of the moon. The remains of the moon phase display include a fragmentary contrate gear. According to the reconstruction offered by Michael Wright, this gear is now pointing unintentionally in the wrong direction. In this paper we offer for the first time a detailed description of the remains of the moon phase mechanism. Based on this evidence, we argue that the extant contrate gear direction is the originally intended one, and we offer a conjectural explanation for its direction as an essential part of a representation of Aristarchus’s hypothesis that half moon phase is observably displaced from exact quadrature.

      Library of Congress Subjects: Antikythera mechanism (Ancient calculator); Astronomy, Greek.

          Section 1: the moon phase mechanism
          Section 2: the direction of the contrate gear
          Section 3: non-uniform motion of the moon phase ball

      Corinthian Matters

      Religion for Breakfast

      If you are interested in issues of ancient religion and early Christianity, check out Andrew Henry’s YouTube channel “Religion for Breakfast.” Religion for Breakfast is (as the about page notes) an educational video log “dedicated to the academic, nonsectarian study of religion. We strive to raise the level of conversation about religion on YouTube by exploring surprising facts about humanity’s beliefs and rituals through an anthropological, sociological, and archaeological lens.” And the home page for the channel describes the purpose of the series in this way:

      Religion for Breakfast believes everyone should know a little bit more about religion. It touches every aspect of human civilization—our art, politics, history, and culture. It has inspired some of our most ethereal music. It has motivated some of our greatest leaders. And, yes, it has also sparked some of our biggest wars and social injustices…

      Andrew has an academic blog on the subject as well but his really original contribution is this YouTube channel that regularly releases short (2-10 minute), fast-paced, and jumpy video blogs designed to educate the public about the academic study of ancient religion. Influenced by educational videolog channels in the sciences (check out, for example, this PBS Space Time vlog on the speed of light and this CrashCourse vlog on the history of early Christianity), Andrew is a pioneer in applying this genre to ancient religious studies.

      His series so far has included short videos on topics such as:

      ReligionforBreakfastAnd while most of these concern religion generally–and not Corinth per se–at least a few are directly relevant to the Corinthian situation, including, for example, How to Make an Ancient Curse Tablet (cf. Stroud’s publication of curse tablets in Corinth XVIII.6) and Where did Ancient Christians Meet?, which begins with a survey on Acrocorinth and discusses meeting places in Corinth and other regions of the Roman Mediterranean.

      And for some background: Andrew is an advanced PhD student in religious studies at Boston University with interests in the intersection of material culture and early Christianity. He has worked at the ASCSA Excavations in the Athenian Agora, and participated for a summer in the Pyla-Koutsopetria Archaeological Project, a project that Bill Caraher, Scott Moore, and I direct in Cyprus. I also had the privilege of working with Andrew during his brief stint at Messiah College.

      These vlogs should be a great resource for use in the classroom and will be of interest for anyone who wants to know about the academic study of ancient religion.

      With Passover and Orthodox Easter approaching, this marks our final post in a series about resources for the study of religion, Judaism, and Christianity in Corinth. Earlier posts include:


      Archaeological News on Tumblr

      Half of Western European men descended from one Bronze Age ‘king’

      Half of Western European men are descended from one Bronze Age ‘king’ who sired a dynasty of elite...

      The Archaeology News Network

      Two Egyptian mummy portraits restored

      The Institute of Archaeology of the University of Zurich restituted two Egyptian mummy portraits from the 1st to 2nd century AD to the heirs of Berlin publisher Rudolf Mosse (1843-1920). Portrait of a young woman, mid to late Antonine [Credit: Frank Tomio/ University of Zurich]Erna Felicia and Hans Lachmann-Mosse, Mosse’s daughter and son-in-law, were unlawfully deprived of the two objects shortly after the Nazi takeover in Germany in...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Stephen Chrisomalis (Glossographia)

      Lexiculture: Michigander

      Jaime Baker

      Wayne State University

      Cite as: Baker, Jaime. 2016. Michigander. Lexiculture: Papers on English Words and Culture, vol. 2, article 5.

      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

      (Download PDF version)

      The word Michigander was coined among American elites in the mid-nineteenth century as a patrial, or name describing a resident of some place, in this case the state of Michigan. At first glance the word clearly makes no sense. It is seemingly a portmanteau of the prefix Michi– referring to the State of Michigan, and gander, a male goose. Yes, there are giant Canadian geese populations abundantly found in Michigan, but that does not connote anything about the people that live or settled here. We are certainly not known as the “Northern Geese People” (although there have been some violent geese-human interactions), but geese had nothing to do with the formation of this state. Or did they? What happened to all of the other variants of Michigander that group together the people of Michigan? Was Michigander used right from the start of statehood or was it coined later? Why is the most popular term for the people of Michigan such a ridiculously formed noun? My research has led me to ask all of these questions and the answers may be surprising.

      Where did it come from?

      According to the Google Ngram Viewer (Figure 1), the word Michigander emerged in 1850. That year, I found, is somewhat accurate but not entirely precise. The Online Etymology Dictionary places its origins in simply 1848 with no citation. However, the Oxford English Dictionary Online states its first citable roots lie in the Hampshire Gazette in 1838, with a quotation by Senator Abraham Lincoln a decade later.


      (“Michigander, n.” OED Online 2014)

      So which is the precise answer? Upon further investigation, I was unable to retrieve the original articles from the Hampshire Gazette or the Bellows Falls Gazette. There are, however, two pieces of evidence I was able to retrieve that may slightly antedate Lincoln’s speech. The first is from an 1848 United States Presidential campaign debate between General Lewis Cass of Michigan and John Parker Hale of New Hampshire but there is no precise date associated with it: “’Tell Hale,’ said Cass ‘that he is a Granite goose.’ ‘Tell Cass,’ said Hale, ‘that he is a Michi-gander[!]’” (Bungay 1854, 93). The second is a quotation from Hans Sperber of Ohio State University, citing an Ohio newspaper article, which came out on the same day as Lincoln’s speech in Congress. This signifies that Michigander must have been used before Lincoln’s speech since there were no telegraphic lines available for the Xenia writer to have any knowledge of it (Sperber 1954, 25)


      The next question is with whom and where did it originate? As shown, Michigander was coined as a political slur for General Lewis Cass during the Presidential campaign for the election of 1848. As the timeline would have it, there is a high likelihood that it was later in 1848 when Lincoln notably used Michigander as a political attack against Cass’ campaign and his decisions as a General in the war of 1812. This was not the first time that a politician was personally attacked based on physical appearance and it was also not the first time General Cass had been mockingly related to an animal. His opponents also stated that he was like a donkey, apparent in this political cartoon referring him to as “Cass-ass.”(Dexter 1848, 184):


      The name Michigander was not originally a partial given to the people of the state but rather a nickname directly for Cass himself and it remained just that for several years (Sperber 1954, 25). Cass reportedly hated the term and had good reason to. A quote from Mrs. Varina Davis attests to this; “Mr. Cass was testy sometimes, but it was the testiness of an over-worked man, not an ill-natured one. Nothing annoyed him so much as being called a Michigander; he said the name was suggestive.” (Shriner 1918, 104). Political cartoons, commercials and nicknaming still widely continue on in national politics today. Though, I have not come across a nickname since that has gained so much popular attention.

      What Drove the Semantic Shift and How Long Did it Take to Assume its Current Fame?

      Michigander has since taken a dramatic semantic shift from a derogatory slur to its place atop the list of acceptable patrials for the people of the State of Michigan, though it did not spike in popularity until 1860, the year that Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States, Cass left Washington, and the year before the Civil War began. Cass also stated in 1860 in opposition to any state’s secession from the union and in defense of his personal integrity; “I speak to Cobb, … and he tells me he is a Georgian; to Floyd, and he tells me he is a Virginian… I am not a Michigander, I am a citizen of the United States.” (Klunder 1996, 304).

      Prior to Michigander, many terms were, and still are, acceptable when referring to the people of Michigan including Michiganian, Michiganite, and Michiganese. Slightly before Michigander emerged, Michiganian was the predominant term for the people of Michigan and still firmly holds second place among recent English literature (Figure 1). An article published in 1847 from the Detroit Free Press, originally taken from the Milwaukee Courier, praising the educational system of Michigan while the rest of the infrastructure was somewhat lagging behind, reads, “After reading it, what Michiganian will not feel proud of his home?” (Figure 2). Conversely, Michiganese never caught on as much as its supporter, David Dudley Field in 1888, desired it to when he presented before the congressional Committee on Territories (Marckwardt 1952, 204)

      Michigander has no obvious place in the English language, referring to people or otherwise. It is a portmanteau, or combination of two existing words to form a new word with both meanings (for example: bodacious, edutainment, or frenemy). Therefore, the word Michigander literally breaks down to “the gander from Michigan” (Sperber 1954, 27). The logical thing to do when referring to a population or a person’s native land is to tack on an ending such as: –ian, -an, -ite, or -er. Ex: Pennsylvanian, Alaskan, New Hampshirite, and Detroiter. Following that, the noun Michiganian makes the most sense when referring to the people of the Michigan. Since the word already ends in –an, it was necessary to add –ian to make an easy transition from one word to the next (Marckwardt 204). Michiganian was first used in The Weekly Register by Hezekiah Niles in 1813, according to Albert Marckwardt and the OED Online. However, since the Michigan Territory was created by an act of Congress on January 11, 1805, the term may have been used before 1813 but was not as widely well known (Marckwardt 204). The State was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 and the patrials Michigander and Michiganian have been used interchangeably throughout our history. Though previously, Michigander was the “odd goose out” so to speak.

      Michigander Today

      Today Michigander, and its various forms, is the most widely used term to index and refer to people from Michigan, but some still prefer to use Michiganian and some prefer Michiganite. A poll taken by the Michigan Natural Resources Magazine in the July-August 1983 issue of relays that between Michigander, Michiganian, and Michiganite; Eighty-two percent of responders voted for Michigander, only fourteen percent voted for Michiganian, and just four percent voted for Michiganite. Many of the published comments in the poll were issues with the use of Michigander, mainly focusing around the term not being gender neutral. Though, some commenters defended its use as strong and inclusive. One even stated that it does have the ability to change by gender, “I’m a Michigander, my wife is a Michigoose, and our children are Michigoslins” (Michigan Natural Resources 1983). This comment in the article was the first time I had ever heard of the terms Michigoose or Michigoslins but further research reveals that the terms have also been in use almost as long as Michigander has been the preferred patrial.

      The U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual (GPOSM) is the official handbook for printed text released from the U.S. Houses of Administration. In the current GPOSM, updated in 2008, the official term for residents of the state of Michigan is Michiganians and that is what must be used in all official printings (Office 2008, 108). Though it appears that this may not have always been the case. In the Journal Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review there is an article entitled Wolverine and Michigander By Dr. Albert H. Marckwardt. He writes, “Officially, of course, we are all “Michiganites,” for that is the term approved by the U.S. [GPOSM], in its revision of January, 1945. This particular edition undertakes to give an approved designation for citizens of each of the forty-eight states, and it appears to be the first to make such an attempt. At least none of the earlier editions I have examined have a comparable department.” (Marckwardt 1952, 206). Thus, in national capacities, the people of Michigan were Michiganites and are now Michiganians, not Michiganders.

      Chapter seventeen of the book Language Myths by Laurie Bauer and Peter Trudghill is entitled They Speak really Bad English Down South and in New York City. The author of the chapter, Dennis R. Preston, describes a survey of language correctives that he took of people from Texas, New York City, Alabama, and Michigan. He refers directly to the Michigan responders as Michiganders six times in the chapter with no indication at all of any other patrials for the people of Michigan (Preston 1998, 142-47). This shows the common thought shared by many that Michigander is a neutral term perfectly acceptable for use when one needs to make reference to the people of the State of Michigan.

      I also conducted my own poll using a non-random sample of friends and family (in-state natives and out-of-state non-natives alike) to evaluate what their primary word choice is for the patrial of Michigan natives and residents. Of a sample of twelve responses collected, here are my results. Eight respondents instinctively chose and relate with Michigander, three chose Michiganian, and only one chose the term Michiganite. The term Michiganese was not mentioned by anyone. When informed of this term, eleven of them accepted it as another possibility for a patrial and one of them said that Michiganese only makes sense as the dialect of English that the people from Michigan speak, using the example Portuguese. It is also of good note that one of the respondents to my poll was a part of Governor Rick Snyder’s 2014 campaign and he preferred the use of Michigander to any other cognate. (Interviewee 2014).


      The term Michigander has emerged and changed drastically over the past one hundred sixty-four years or so. It began as a direct personal attack against one of the great founders of the State of Michigan and has drastically grown in popularity to far surpass any of its related patrials over its lifetime. Michigander is reportedly the preferred patrial noun by people of the State of Michigan according to the Google Books, a poll by the Michigan Natural Resources Magazine, and possibly Governor Rick Snyder. It is also safe to state that most residents of the State have no idea that the term has such a rich history dating back nearly to the time of Michigan’s admittance as a state, and did not come about naturally but instead was thrust into the American culture through the American democratic process. While it began as a very derogatory slur for one of the founding fathers of the State of Michigan and indexed him as a goose, it has since become the most widely accepted and unique patrial word among the fifty states. May the Great Michigander for whom it was created live on in our memory and respect for our Great State.


      (Figure 1: Google Books 2014)


      (Figure 2: (Democratic Free Press 1847, 2)



      Bungay, George Washington. Off-hand Takings; Or, Crayon Sketches of the Noticeable Men of Our Age. New York: De Witt & Daventport, 1854.

      Democratic Free Press. “Complimentary to our State.” Democratic Free Press (1842-1848), May 12, 1847: 2.

      Dexter, George. “The John-donkey.” (George Dexter, Burgess, Stringer and Co.) 1 (1848).

      Google Books. Google Books Ngram Viewer. 2014. (accessed October 25, 2014).

      Harper, Douglas. Online Etymology Dictionary. 2014. (accessed November 10, 2014).

      Interviewee, interview by Jaime Baker. (October 2014).

      Klunder, Willard Carl. Lewis Cass and the Politics of Moderation. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1996.

      Marckwardt, Albert H. “Wolverine and Michigander.” Edited by Frank E. Robbins. Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review (The Alumni Association of the University of Michigan) 58, no. 18 (May 1952): 203-208.

      Michigan Natural Resources Magazine . “”Michigander” Wins Landslide Vote of MNR Readers.” State of Michigan, July-August 1983: 9.

      OED Online. “Michigander, n.”. Oxfoed University Press. September 2014. (accessed November 10, 2014).

      —. “Michiganian, n.”. Oxford University Press. September 2014. (accessed November 10, 2014).

      Office, U.S. Government Printing. “U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual.” U.S. Government Printing Office. September 16, 2008. (accessed November 10, 2014).

      Preston, Dennis R. “They Speak Really Bad English Down South and in New York City.” In Language Myths, by Peter Trughill Laurie Bauer. London: Penguin Group, 1998.

      Shriner, Charles Anthony. Wit, Wisdom and Foibles of the Great: Together with Numerous Anecdotes .. New York: Funk and Wagnalls , 1918.

      Sperber, Hans. “Words and Phrases in American Politics: Michigander.” American Speech (Duke University Press) 29, no. 1 (February 1954): 21-27.



      Filed under: Anthropology, Guest post, Lexiculture, Linguistics

      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: JANES - Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society

      [First posted in AWOL 23 October 2009. Updated 27 April 2016]

      [n.b. The digital archive of JNES, long hosted at the Jewish Theological Seminary, is no longer accessible on their servers. Luckily, there seem to be several archived iterations at the Internet Archives's Wayback Machine. I have changed all the links below to a recently archived version. I have not checked all the pdfs of the articles, though my spot check gives me 100% success]

      JANES - Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society
      ISSN: 0010-2016
      Image result for Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society
      Abusch, TzviGilgamesh's Request and Siduri's Denial. Part II: An Analysis and Interpretation of an Old Babylonian Fragment about Mourning and Celebration22 (1993)3–17
      Albenda, PaulineExpressions of Kingship in Assyrian Art2/1 (1969)41–52

      The Burney Relief Reconsidered2/2 (1970)86–93

      Lions on Assyrian Wall Reliefs6 (1974)1–27

      Assyrian Carpets in Stone10 (1978)1–34

      An Unpublished Drawing of Louvre AO 19914 in the British Museum12 (1980)1–8

      Stone Sculpture Fragments21 (1992)1–12
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      Assis, Elie"The Sin at Kadesh as a Recurring Motif
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      Analyse structurelle des Psaumes de M. Girard20 (1991)1–5

      "Pourquoi dors-tu, Seigneur?" Étude structurelle du psaume 4421 (1992)13–33

      "Conduis-moi dans ta justice!": Étude structurelle du psaume 523 (1995)1–28

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      Certes il y un Dieu Jugeant sur la Terre! Etude structurelle du Psaume 5829 (2002)1–15

      C'est l'homme droit que regardera sa face: Etude structurelle du Psaume 1130 (2006)1–7
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      Korbanand the Pharisaic Paradosis 16-17 (1984–85)5–17
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      Gilgamesh and Lugalbanda in the Fara Period9 (1977)1–4

      Adapa and Humanity: Mortal or Evil?18 (1986)1–2
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      Bloch, YigalShould Parallelistic Structure Be Used as Evidence for an Early Dating of Biblical Hebrew Poetry?
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      Bonder, BaylaThe Date of Mesha's Rebellion3 (1970–71)82–88
      Bowman, JohnWord and Worship in Middle Eastern Religions5 (1973)35–44
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      Aramaic Notes I: Column 36 of 11QtgJb6 (1974)29–33
      Brauner, Ronald A."To Grasp the Hem" and 1 Samuel 15:276 (1974)35–38
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      The "Widowed" City
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      Studies in Early Israelite Poetry I: An Unrecognized Case of Three-Line Staircase Parallelism in the Song of the Sea7 (1975)13–17

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      The Relations between Tyre and Carthage during the Persian Period13 (1981)15–29
      Elayi, J. and A. G. ElayiA Treasure of Coins from Arwad18 (1986)3–24
      Eliade, MirceaNotes on the Calusari5 (1973)111–22
      Elman, YaakovBabylonian Echoes in a Late Rabbinic Legend4 (1972)12–19

      Authoritative Oral Tradition in Neo–Assyrian Scribal Circles7 (1975)19–32

      An Akkadian Cognate of Hebrew sehîn8 (1976)33–34
      Faur, JoséDelocutive Expressions in the Hebrew Liturgy16-17 (1984–85)41–54
      Fleishman, JosephThe Age of Legal Maturity in Biblical Law21 (1992)35–48

      On the Meaning of the Term melek 'ashur "The King of Assyria" in Ezra 6:2226 (1998)37–45

      On the Significance of a Name Change and Circumcision in Genesis 1728 (2001)19–32
      Ford, J. N.Another Look at Mandaic Incantation Bowl BM 9171529 (2002)31–47
      Foster, Benjamin R.Humor and Cuneiform Literature6 (1974)69–85

      Notes on Sargonic Royal Progress12 (1980)29–42

      The Siege of Armanum14 (1982)27–36
      Fox, MichaelWorld Order and Ma'at: A Crooked Parallel23 (1995)37–48
      Fox, Nili S.Clapping Hands as a Gesture of Anguish and Anger in Mesopotamia and in Israel23 (1995)49–60
      Freedman, Leslie R.Biblical Hebrew 'rb, "to go surety," and Its Nominal Forms19 (1989)25–29
      Freedman, R. DavidA New Approach to the Nuzi Sistership Contract2/2 (1970)77–85

      Counting Formulae in the Akkadian Epics3 (1970–71)65–81

      A New Lexical Fragment4 (1972)33–35

      subat basti: A Robe of Splendor4 (1972)91–95

      The Dispatch of the Reconnaissance Birds in Gilgamesh XI5 (1973)123–29

      Cuneiform Texts in the Sacramento Vicinity8 (1976)35–47

      Cuneiform Texts from the Piepkorn Collection, III9 (1977)11–25

      The Father of Modern Biblical Scholarship19 (1989)31–38
      Frisch, AmosJeroboam and the Division of the Kingdom: Mapping Contrasting Biblical Accounts27 (2000)15–29
      Gabba, EmilioThe Holy Spirit, the Roman Senate, and Bossuet16-17 (1984–85)55–65
      Galil, GershonThe Jerahmeelites and the Negeb of Judah28 (2001)33–42
      Garfinkel, StephenAnother Model for Ezekiel's Abnormalities19 (1989)39–50

      Applied Peshat: Historical–Critical Method and Religious Meaning22 (1993)19–28
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      An Index to the Gaster Festschrift8 (1976)1–31

      The Ugaritic Charm against Snakebite: An Additional Note12 (1980)43–44
      Geller, Stephen A.The Struggle at the Jabbok: the Uses of Enigma in a Biblical Narrative14 (1982)37–60

      Cleft Sentences with Pleonastic Pronoun: A Syntactic Construction of Biblical Hebrew and Some of Its Literary Uses20 (1991)15–33
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      Goldstein, JonathanThe Central Composition of the West Wall of the Synagogue of Dura-Europos16-17 (1984–85)99–142
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      and Fred Hiebert
      The Relation of the Finds from Shahdad to Those of Sites in Central Asia21 (1992)135–40
      Katsh, Abraham I.Unpublished Geniza Talmudic Fragments5 (1973)213–23
      Kawami, Trudy S.Parthian Brick Vaults in Mesopotamia, Their Antecedents and Descendants14 (1982)61–67
      Kister, M. J.Pare Your Nails: A Study of an Early Tradition11 (1979)63–70
      Kitchen, K. A.Late-Egyptian Chronology and the Hebrew Monarchy5 (1973)225–33
      Kosmala, HansMaskil5 (1973)235–41
      Kramer, Samuel NoahThe Jolly Brother5 (1973)243–53
      Kselman, John S.Psalm 77 and the Book of Exodus15 (1983)51–58
      Kutler, LaurenceA Structural Semantic Approach to Israelite Communal Terminology14 (1982)69–77
      Layton, Scott C."Head on Lap" in Sumero-Akkadian Literature15 (1983)59–62
      Leinwand, NancyRegional Characteristics in the Styles and Iconography of the Seal Impressions of Level II at Kültepe21 (1992)141–72
      Levine, Baruch A.Silence, Sound, and the Phenomenology of Mourning in Biblical Israel22 (1993)89–106
      Levin, YigalNumbers 34:2-12, The Boundaries of the Land of Canaan, and the Empire of Necho30 (2006)55–76
      Lichtenstein, Murray H.The Banquet Motif in Keret and in Proverbs 91/1 (1968)19–31

      Dream–Theophany and the E Document1/2 (1969)45–54

      A Note on the Text of 1 Keret2/2 (1970)94–100

      Psalm 68:7 Revisited4 (1972)97–112

      The Poetry of Poetic Justice5 (1973)255–65

      Idiom, Rhetoric and the Text of Genesis 41:1619 (1989)85–94
      Lipton, DianaBezalel in Babylon? Anti-Priestly Polemics in Isaiah 40–55
      31 (2009)
      Lo, AlisonDeath in Qohelet
      31 (2009)
      Loewenstamm, SamuelRemarks upon the Infinitive Absolute in Ugaritic and Phoenician2/1 (1969)53
      Malamat, AbrahamJosiah's Bid for Armageddon5 (1973)267–79
      Malone, Joseph L.Textually Deviant Forms as Evidence for Phonological Analysis: A Service of Philology to Linguistics11 (1979)71–79
      Marcus, DavidThe Three Aleph's in Ugaritic1/1 (1968)50–60

      Studies in Ugaritic Grammar I1/2 (1969)55–61

      The Stative and the wawConsecutive2/1 (1969)37–40

      Review of A. S. Kapelrud, The Violent Goddess 2/2 (1970)111–14

      The qalPassive in Ugaritic3 (1970–71)102–11

      A Famous Analogy of Rib-Haddi5 (1973)281–86

      The Term for 'Coffin' in the Semitic Languages7 (1975)85–94

      Sharruludari, Son of Rukubtu, Their Former King: A Detail of Philistine Chronology9 (1977)27–30

      Civil Liberties under Israelite and Mesopotamian Kings10 (1978)53–60

      The Barren Woman of Psalm 113:9 and the Housewife: An Antiphrastic Dysphemism11 (1979)81–84

      Juvenile Delinquency in the Bible and the Ancient Near East13 (1981)31–52

      The Bargaining between Jephthah and the Elders (Judges 11:4-11)19 (1989)95–100

      See Greenstein, Edward L.

      The Mission of the Raven (Gen. 8:7)29 (2002)71–80
      Margulis, BaruchThe Kôsarôt/ktrt: Patroness–saints of Women4 (1972)52–61

      Of Birds and Brides: A Reply to M. Lichtenstein4 (1972)113–17
      Matison, DahliaReview of E. Reiner, A Linguistic Analysis of Akkadian 1/1 (1968)61–66
      Mauer, GerlindeAgriculture of the Old Babylonian Period15 (1983)63–78
      McGuiness, David M.Archival Interrelationships during Ur III13 (1981)53–66
      McHale–Moore, RhondaThe Mystery of Enheduanna's Disk27 (2000)69–74
      Merrill, Eugene H.The "Accession Year" and Davidic Chronology19 (1989)101–12
      van de Mieroop, MarcNippur Texts from the Early Isin Period18 (1986)31–51

      Old Babylonian Ur: Portrait of an Ancient Mesopotamian City21 (1992)119–30
      Milgrom, JacobThe Rationale for Biblical Impurity22 (1993)107–11
      Miller, Cynthia L.A Reconsideration of 'Double-Duty' Prepositions in Biblical Poetry
      31 (2009)
      Morag, ShelomoSome Notes on musawwitatin Medieval Hebrew and Arabic Literature11 (1979)85–90
      Moran, William L.UET 6, 402: Persuasion in the Plain Style22 (1993)113–20
      Muffs, YochananTwo Comparative Lexical Studies5 (1973)287–98

      The Joy of Giving (Love and Joy as Metaphors of Volition in Hebrew and Related Literatures, Part II)11 (1979)91–111
      Murnane, WilliamOnce Again the Dates for Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II3 (1970–71)1–7
      Muscarella, Oscar WhiteThe Archaeological Evidence for Relations between Greece and Iran in the First Millennium B.C.9 (1977)31–57

      Urartian Bells and Samos10 (1978)61–72
      Nakata, IchiroProblems of the Babylonian akîtuFestival1/1 (1968)41–49

      Scribal Peculiarities in EA:285–2902/1 (1969)19–24

      Mesopotamian Merchants and Their Ethos3 (1970–71)90–101

      Annu in the Mari Texts5 (1973)299–307

      A Further Look at the Institution of sugagutum in Mari19 (1989)113–18
      Nemet–Nejat, Karen R.A Late Babylonian Field Plan7 (1975)95–101

      A Bibliography for Cuneiform Mathematical Texts19 (1989)119–33
      Neufeld, EdwardFabrication of Objects from Fish and Sea Animals in Ancient Israel5 (1973)309–24

      The Earliest Document of a Case of Contagious Disease in Mesopotamia (Mari Tablet ARM X, 129)18 (1986)53–66
      Noegel, Scott E.Moses and Magic: Notes on the Book of Exodus24 (1996)45–59

      Sex, Sticks, and the Trickster in Gen. 30:31-4325 (1997)7–17
      O'Connor, M.Northwest Semitic Designations for Elective Social Affinities18 (1986)67–80
      Oppenheim, A. LeoA Note on sa resi 5 (1973)325–34
      Oshima, T.Marduk, the Canal Digger30 (2006)77–88
      Pagels, Elaine H.Origen and the Prophets of Israel5 (1973)335–44
      Paley, SamuelReview of A. L. Oppenheim, Letters from Mesopotamia 1/1 (1968)67–71

      The Entranceway Inscriptions of the "Second House" in the Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrod (Kalhu)19 (1989)135–47
      Pardee, DennisA Philological and Prosodic Analysis of the Ugaritic Serpent Incantation UT 60710 (1978)73–108
      Parente, FaustoFlavius Josephus' Account of the Anti–Roman Riots Preceding the 66–70 War, and Its Relevance for the Reconstruction of Jewish Eschatology during the First Century A.D.16-17 (1984–85)183–205
      Pattullo, Susan JayeAdditions to the Selected Bibliography for the Art of Ancient Iran10 (1978)109–11
      Paul, Shalom M.Heavenly Tablets and the Book of Life5 (1973)345–53

      Decoding a "Joint" Expression in Daniel 5:6, 1622 (1993)121–27
      Perkins, Dexter, Jr.See Daly, Patricia

      Piet, JohnNow in Archaeology: The Underground Revealed1/1 (1968)11–18

      An Old Babylonian Crystal Seal2/1 (1969)30–36
      Pittman, Holly, Sheridan, Mary Jane;
      Porter, Barbara Adele;
      De Graeve, Marie–Christine
      Three Cylinder Seals of Ancient Iran9 (1977)59–65
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      On Prose and Poetry in the Book of Job24 (1996)61–97

      Water, Rock, and Wood: Structure and Thought Pattern in the Exodus Narrative25 (1997)19–42

      The Oral and the Written: Syntax, Stylistics and the Development of Biblical Prose Narrative26 (1998)59–105

      The Style of the Dialogue in Biblical Prose Narrative28 (2001)53–95
      Porada, EdithNotes on the Sarcophagus of Ahiram5 (1973)354–72

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      Introduction to Chronologies in Old World Archaeology: Archaeological Seminar at Columbia University21 (1992)117–18
      Porter, Barbara AdeleSee Pittman, Holly

      Rainey, Anson F.Syntax and Rhetorical Analysis in the Hashvyahu Ostracon27 (2000)75–79
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      Rendsburg, GaryLate Biblical Hebrew and the Date of "P"12 (1980)65–80

      A Reconstruction of Moabite-Israelite History13 (1981)67–73

      On Jan Best's "Decipherment" of Minoan Linear A14 (1982)79–87

      Baasha of Ammon20 (1991)57–61
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      Echoes of Gideon's Ephod: An Intertextual Reading30 (2006)89–102
      Shemesh, YaelLies by Prophets and Other Lies in the Hebrew Bible29 (2002)81–95
      Sheridan, Mary JaneSee Pittman, Holly

      Shupak, NiliThe God from Teman and the Egyptian Sun God: A Reconsideration of Habakkuk 3:3-728 (2001)97–116

      A Fresh Look at the Dreams of the Officials and of Pharaoh in the Story of Joseph (Genesis 40-41) in the Light of Egyptian Dreams30 (2006)103–138
      Silberman, Lou H.Manus Velatae5 (1973)383–88
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      A Note on Some Jewish Assimilationists: The Angels16-17 (1984–85)207–12
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      Sperling, DavidThe Akkadian Legal Term dinu u dababu 1/1 (1968)35–40

      The Informer and the Conniver2/2 (1970)101–4

      hgrI and hgrII3 (1970–71)120–28

      Akkadian egerruand Hebrew bt qwl 4 (1972)62–74

      Late Hebrew hzrand Akkadian saharu 5 (1973)397–404

      Genesis 41:40: A New Interpretation10 (1978)113–19

      Biblical rhmI and rhmII19 (1989)149–59
      Stern, EphraimTwo Phoenician Glass Seals from Tel Dor16-17 (1984–85)213–16
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      Wacholder, Ben ZionA Qumranic Polemic against a Divergent Reading of Exodus 6:20?16-17 (1984–85)225–28
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      How Did the Hebrew Scribe Form His Letters?3 (1970–71)8–19
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      The Imagery of Clothing, Covering, and Overpowering19 (1989)161–70
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      31 (2009)
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      The Infixed -t- in Biblical Hebrew3 (1970–71)20–31
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      A Note on the Fall of Babylon1/2 (1969)28–38

      Review of K. K. Riemschneider, Lehrbuch des Akkadischen 2/1 (1969)58–65

      Review of I. M. Diakonoff (ed.), Ancient Mesopotamia 2/2 (1970)119–24

      The Problem of mahhû 3 (1970–71)112–18

      The Tablet of Agaptaha4/2 (1972)85–90

      Nira hor sa uan?5 (1973)443–44
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      Concerning "A Mold from Mari and its Relations"4/2 (1972)81–84
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      Two Comparative Notes on the Book of Ruth26 (1998)121–32
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      Zuckerman, Bruce"For your sake . . .": A Case Study in Aramaic Semantics15 (1983)119–29

      The Archaeology News Network

      Teeth vs. tools: Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had different dietary strategies

      Over hundreds of thousands of years, the Neanderthal lineage developed successfully in western Eurasia and survived severe fluctuations between colder and warmer climactic cycles of the Ice Age. The Neanderthals disappeared at the high point of the last glacial period around 40 thousand years ago, at approximately the same time that modern humans migrated into Europe. Dental Microwear Texture Analysis, the method employed in this...

      [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

      Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

      The North Dakota Outrage Summit

      A couple of months ago I floated the idea of an “Outrage Summit” as a possible theme for the North Dakota University System Arts and Humanities Summit in late September. We floated the idea around and there were no objections to it, so this weekend, we put together a call for papers and it should appear on the summit’s website this week or next.

      One thing that many of the folks who saw early drafts of my outrage idea suggested is that I “keep it academic.” I thought about this a good bit and decided to ignore that suggestion. I decided that was one of the surest ways to rob the arts and humanities of their emotional power. In fact, I got a bit worried that calls for us to “keep it academic” were largely driven by people who were less invested in the distinctive power of the humanities to push human emotions, agitate the irrational, and propel people to act in ways that defy convention, overturn civility, and bring about radical change. 

      So my call for papers explicitly makes room for both academic, intellectual treatments of outrage as well as genuine expressions of outrage. The humanities (and arts!) do more than just obfuscate raw human emotions or insert a layer of opaque jargon between experience and understanding. The humanities and arts can and should form a direct conduit for anger, hatred, joy, love, passion, and even OUTRAGE. This summit should, then, embrace both thoughtful, rational, academic, technical treatments of outrage, and genuine or performed outpourings of emotional anger.   

      Screenshot 2 10 16 7 52 am

      Finally, I think we have an almost perfect keynote speaker. Hopefully we can make that announcement soon. 

      Here’s a preview. 

      Outrage has become a dominant feature of the 21st century. It has energized social media, shaped the global political discourse, fueled massive popular movements, and propelled candidates to public office. Outrage has accompanied and amplified mourning, it has been used to resist and affect change, and served both to reinforce authority and to subvert institutions of control. From Occupy Wall Street to the streets of Ferguson, Paris, and Cairo, outrage has become a defining feature of the public sphere.

      Historically, college campuses have served as an incubator and a stage for outrage, and recent events at the University of Missouri, for example, have demonstrated that this tradition is alive and well. At the same time, appeals to civility, safety, apathy, and even inclusiveness have challenged the role of college campuses as places for the violent, uncritical, visceral clashes of ideas. The increasingly marginalized place of outrage on college campuses has stifled the often-productive impact of mass movement, spontaneous actions, emotional calls for justice, and cascading, recursive spasms of irrational anger. In many cases, these aspects of outrage are exactly those that the arts and humanities seek to validate, authorize, and instill in our society.

      As a result, the Arts and Humanities Summit has decided to embrace outrage both as a form of expression and as an object of study. We encourage the submissions of papers, presentations, and projects that thoughtfully, critically or performatively engage outrage. We encourage contributors to be outraged, to flaunt civility, and to reflect seriously on why outrage matters for the arts and humanities today.

      ASOR Blog (American Schools of Oriental Research)

      5 Easy Tips For Promoting Your Dig

      Ever wish more people knew about your dig site and the research being completed? Here are 5 easy tips to promote your your research, increase your visibility to potential funders, and establish yourself as an expert [...]

      The post 5 Easy Tips For Promoting Your Dig appeared first on The ASOR Blog.

      ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

      Διακρίνεσθαι and a non-existant “semantic shift”

      I read an excellent article in Novum Testamentum yesterday that argues that the novel sense of διακρίνομαι ‘to hesitate,’ or as BDAG puts it: “to be uncertain, be at odds w. oneself, doubt, waver”, doesn’t actually exist. The author, Peter Spitaler, puts forward the argument that such a meaning is wholly unknown to Greek patristic interpreters of the text and that there is no solid evidence of this meaning outside of the New Testament. Rather, Spitaler argues, the meaning to “to hesitate/doubt/waver” came via Latin translation from Greek, which then influence. The article is particularly noteworthy in its analaysis of the distinction between the semantics of the active διακρίνω and the middle διακρίνομαι.

      It’s an excellent article–very much in the spirit of John Lee’s A History of New Testament Lexicography and worth the time to read–and you can because JSTOR let’s you read articles online for free.

      Spitaler, Peter. “Διακρίνεσθαι in Mt. 21:21, Mk. 11:23, Acts 10:20, Rom. 4:20, 14:23, Jas. 1:6, and Jude 22-the “semantic Shift” That Went Unnoticed by Patristic Authors”. Novum Testamentum 49.1 (2007): 1–39.


      This article investigates how patristic and medieval writers interpret New Testament passages with the middle/passive διακρίνω. Contemporary NT scholars posit a difference between NT and classical/Hellenistic Greek meanings and usually justify their choice by means of a semantic shift. In the texts analyzed for this article, there is little evidence that Greek patristic and medieval authors acknowledge a meaning of διακρίνομαι that deviates from the Koine meaning. If, indeed, a semantic shift took place, they show no awareness of that movement. The transformation of meaning first occurs in translations from Greek to Latin.

      Filed under: Greek, Historical Linguistics, Language, Latin, Lexicography, Linguistics

      Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

      ArtLab 16 Territori, Cultura, Innovazione: spazio ai progetti digitali per i musei

      Sarà Milano ad ospitare il 19 e 20 maggio la prima tappa di ArtLab 16 - Territori, Cultura, Innovazione la piattaforma indipendente e cross-settoriale orientata all’innovazione delle pratiche e delle politiche culturali. Grazie alla collaborazione con BASE Milano – il nuovo hub creativo, da poco inaugurato negli storici spazi dell’ex Ansaldo in via Bergognone 34 - ArtLab trova il proprio habitat naturale in un luogo di produzione culturale, sperimentazione e condivisione su progetti e tematiche legati alle industrie creative.

      Liz Gloyn (Classically Inclined)

      On being a productive academic mother

      I was having a conversation over e-mail with an academic of my acquaintance who has just had a child, and was wondering if I could offer her any suggestions about how I’ve managed to keep getting things done since infans was born. In all honesty, a big part of it has been the fact that I’ve not been required to do anything terribly creative – the book revisions and manuscript preparation, while chunky, haven’t really required me to put together much new material or think up fresh ideas, and there’s only so much imagination and intellectual capital you need to change the formatting of a bibliography. I am the first person to complain grumpily on Twitter about the slog of editing a passage for the dozenth time, but actually, that’s probably the level of mental demand I’ve been operating at. I’ve only started to think properly about the conference papers I’m giving this summer in the last month or so, and the effort required to put together something new has actually been quite daunting.

      However, I did have a couple of other thoughts and suggestions about getting stuff done, if you choose to, and thought I’d put them here in case anyone else find them useful. The first is to accept that for the first few months, you probably won’t get anything done, especially if you’re breastfeeding on demand as I was – and that’s totally alright and as it should be. Giving oneself permission for this is really, really hard (or at least I found it so after the first few weeks), but actually, stop.

      If you do have things that absolutely must get done, then naps are the way forward. If you’re lucky enough to have a baby giving you enough sleep during the night to function during the day without naps yourself, and have a baby who will go to sleep somewhere that is not on you, and for more than five minutes at a time. Sometimes babies do not seem to realise mummy needs time to reply to that research collaborator. And that is OK too. But thinking about how to use any nap time you do get strategically is key – what do you most need to do to give yourself piece of mind? It may be having a cup of tea and checking the proofs you’ve been asked to return before the end of the week; it may be washing up and tidying the kitchen so the thought of the post-lunch mess doesn’t keep you consistently on edge; it may be having a nap yourself, or a shower, or watching an episode of some mindless television. All of these things are also OK.

      The only way I did get anything done during those naps was lists. Lots and lots of lists. I prioritised things that had immediate deadlines or I had already committed to (like final revisions and copyedits for articles which were more or less done), and things related to the book manuscript. I did agree to take on a short piece for a web-based outreach project, which I thought would be a good way of getting me back into the groove of generating ‘new’ words, but in retrospect I wish I’d said no to that as I did to a book review invitation – it didn’t drain away time, but it was a bit of a distraction. What worked particularly well for me was accepting that tasks which came under the heading of ‘collegiality’ – things I should do not to hold up collected volumes/editors, meeting deadlines and so on – needed to be done; the book was the massive priority, even if it was advancing a paragraph of edits at a time; and everything else could wait. Really.

      So the big ‘formal’ advice I have is to push back firmly on anything related to teaching or administration, and to only let research in if there are imminent deadlines or if it is the most important project you have in hand. I was also a big fan of checking my e-mail even if only to delete or file it, as I did with about 95% of the e-mail I got during the course of my leave – the thought of coming back to an untouched inbox after even a few weeks gives me the shivers.

      Some of this is, of course, down to who you are as an individual and where you are in your career, and I really don’t want to suggest that I did the ‘right’ thing. I felt particularly under pressure about the book because of being, at the time, on a three year contract and being very aware that I needed to have the book in press for job hunting. I also inevitably start feeling a bit jumpy after a few weeks if I don’t have something academic to get on with – one of the reasons that a year’s maternity leave completely off from academia would have been a really, really bad idea for me. Please don’t look at this post and assume these have to be your choices – they don’t. I recommend Rachel Moss’s thoughts about some of the choices she made in the early months, and I’ll also mention that I went back to work after just under six months of maternity leave (again, entirely my choice but under the implicit pressure of a short-term contract). I am pretty sure that if I ever do this again, I will make a different set of choices.

      Since going back to work in September, I’ve also found that I think about far fewer projects than I did pre-infans. In those heady days (ahem), I could have two or three projects in various stages on the go at once, and could balance hopping between them – for instance, I often found I needed the other projects to give me something to do when the book was getting too much or had reached a pause point, and there would often be some outreach or cross-over work in there too. Now, with teaching and everything else, I think realistically I can only manage one project at a time. I was recently given the advice that with children, one should prioritise quality over quantity – and I now see why that was an excellent suggestion, if only because I cannot imagine trying to do more than one thing at once in the more strictly delineated working time I now have. This will change as infans gets older, of course, but right now that’s the reality.

      Now I find myself in the slightly strange vacuum between finishing a big project and starting a big project, and not knowing quite what to do with myself… but that’s another subject for another post.

      James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

      Problem Solved

      Sometimes science does indeed offer a clear answer to a supposedly insoluble problem…

      The Archaeology News Network

      Newly discovered titanosaurian dinosaur from Argentina, Sarmientosaurus

      Scientists have discovered Sarmientosaurus musacchioi, a new species of titanosaurian dinosaur, based on an complete skull and partial neck fossil unearthed in Patagonia, Argentina, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Ruben Martinez from the Laboratorio de Paleovertebrados of the Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco (UNPSJB), Argentina, and colleagues. Digital rendering of the skull of...

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      Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

      Open Access Journal: Gladius

      [First posted in AWOL 15 June 2011. Updated 27 April 2016]

      eISSN: 1988-4168
      ISSN: 0436-029X 
      Gladius publica contribuciones científicas los siguientes temas: Armamento desde la Prehistoria hasta fines del siglo XVIII, Polemología, Historia de la guerra en Europa, el mundo colonial americano, y el Islam. Asimismo contiene una sección especial para la discusión científica y recensiones. 

      Gladius está indizada en Web of Science (Thomson-ISI) A&HCI y Elsevier Scopus. 

      Gladius proporciona acceso sin restricciones a todos los contenidos a texto completo desde el momento de su publicación en esta edición electrónica.
      Gladius publishes scientific contributions on the following subjects: Arms and Armour, Military History and Polemology, from the earliest times until the end of the Eighteenth century, mainly in the Iberian Peninsula, Europe, Islam and the Americas, although other contributions will be considered. It also contains a section on scientific discussion and reviews.

      Gladius is covered by the Web of Science (Thomson-ISI) A&HCI and Elsevier Scopus.

      Gladius provides free, unrestricted access to full-text articles immediately after publication in this online edition

      Vol 35 (2015)

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      [en] Guerra y jerarquías sociopolíticas: reflexiones sobre las sociedades no estatales del valle del Nilo predinástico 7-20 Resumen PDF

      Augusto Gayubas
      [fr]“Gloire immortelle de nos Aïeux” les armes des ancetres dans les agglomerations du sudouest europeen a la fin de l'age du Fer: les exemples de Raso de Candeleda et le Cayla de Mailhac 21-34 Resumen PDF

      Alexandre Bertaud
      [es] Alamares metálicos: un sistema de cierre para correajes ecuestres en la protohistoria de la Península Ibérica 35-60 Resumen PDF

      Javier Jiménez Ávila
      [es] Los efectivos del último ejército de la Persia Sasánida (572-642). Una solución desde las fuentes 61-76 Resumen PDF

      José Soto Chica
      [en] La túnica de hierro de Vimose (Fionia, Dinamarca): nuevas investigaciones en torno a la confección de cotas de malla 77-104 Resumen PDF

      Martijn A. Wijnhoven
      [es] Catalina Alfonso: una “maestra de fazer pólvora” durante el reinado de los Reyes Católicos 105-116 Resumen PDF

      Rita Ríos de la Llave
      [es] Sobre las armadas de indias: la práctica del “beneficio” y la crisis de la avería (1660- 1700) 117-138 Resumen PDF

      José Manuel Díaz Blanco
      [en] Métodos de análisis no destructivos aplicados a espadas orientales 139-158 Resumen PDF

      David Edge, Alan Williams, Zsolt Kasztovszky, Zoltán Kis, Imre Kovács, László Rosta, Zoltán Szőkefalvi-Nagy, György Káli
      [es] De dragones, cascos y soldados de fortuna en el Occidente Antiguo. acerca de dos obras recientes sobre el mercenariado galo e hispano 159-180 Resumen PDF

      Gustavo García Jiménez, Alberto Pérez Rubio


      [es] Matuszewski, Roman y Kozimor, Jolanta: Plundered And Rebuilt The Polish Military Museum during the Second World and After / Ograbione Muzeum. Straty wojenne muzeum wojska w okresie II wojny swiatowej. Muzeum Wojska Polskiego w Warszawic. 181-186 PDF

      Pablo Quesada Sanz


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      Vol 1

      ArcheoNet BE

      Mary Beard’s Ultimate Rome

      Op BBC 2 start vanavond de vierdelige documentairereeks ‘Mary Beard’s Ultimate Rome: Empire Without Limit’, waarin historica Mary Beard zich verdiept in de psyche van het Romeinse volk. Hoe kon een stadje in centraal-Italië uitgroeien tot een wereldmacht? Welke factoren hielden het Romeinse rijk samen en wat waren de oorzaken van het verval? In de eerste aflevering, die je om 22u kunt bekijken, gaat Beard terug naar de mythen en legenden over de oorsprong van Rome.