Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs

http://planet.atlantides.org/maia

Tom Elliott (tom.elliott@nyu.edu)

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

May 24, 2016

Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Publishing PKAP

One of the things that my friends and I said when we ran the Pyla-Koutsopetria Archaeological Project is that we would publish promptly. We took that part of our responsibility as archaeologists seriously and produced our first volume documenting our intensive pedestrian survey work at the site as soon as we could. In fact, we excluded the results of our excavation from our first volume with the plans to publish a second volume. This made sense for a number of reasons, not the least of which is that our excavations were small, the assemblages were relatively more complex to understand, and the number of moving parts (including a retired collaborator!) remained relatively high. The result has been a series of delays and we’re now about 4 years adrift of our last excavation season, have new projects afoot, and are looking ahead to new fieldwork and writing opportunities.

Yesterday, Scott Moore, David Pettegrew, and I had a general meeting about the publication status of PKAP II. We reckon we’re 80% done with the manuscript. The core of the book is the analysis of the stratigraphy and the catalogue of finds with brief sections on our excavation methods and the history of excavation at the site.

The biggest challenge facing us is working on the conclusions. In PKAP I we offered some conclusions that located the Pyla-Koutsopetria micro-region in the larger context of the island of Cyprus and then the Eastern Mediterranean. Our excavations produced a more concentrated assemblage of material that speaks to the history of two small sites: an Early Christian basilica on the coastal plain and a Hellenistic fortified site on the on the plateau of Vigla. The assemblages of material from these sites offers important insights into the Early Hellenistic period and Late Antiquity on the island. Our goal in the conclusion is to write tiny histories of these sites that bring together the excavated assemblages with our survey data, with other assemblages across the island, and with larger narratives of sites (as opposed to regions) on the island.

To get to this point, though, we need to wrangle data, wrangle texts, and most importantly, wrangle people. As we lurch toward having our manuscript complete, we need to arrange the moving parts committed by various scholars. More on this as our manuscript finally takes shape.


Insula: Le blog de la Bibliothèque des Sciences de l'Antiquité (Lille 3)

Bernardo Clariana : Ovide à New York

Nihil nisi flere libet.

« Bernardo Clariana : Ovidio en Nueva York » est un texte de Carlos Mariscal de Gante, publié en septembre 2014 sur le blog « Reinventar la Antigüedad ». La traduction française inédite publiée sur « Insula » est réalisée par Célia Demurger, étudiante en première année du Master « Traduction Spécialisée Multilingue » – TSM, de l’Université Lille 3.

Lien vers le texte original : clasicos.hypotheses.org/891
Le professeur et poète Bernardo ClarianaLe professeur et poète Bernardo Clariana

Le valencien Bernardo Clariana a été, comme beaucoup d’autres, un homme de lettres républicain, poète et latiniste, qui s’est vu obligé d’abandonner sa patrie, à la fin de la Guerre Civile espagnole en 1939, afin de poursuivre, en exil, l’écriture de ses poèmes et de ses traductions. Grâce à une lettre de Pedro Salinas à Jorge Guillén1, nous savons que Clariana n’a pas seulement traduit Catulle, mais aussi Tibulle et Ausone. Il fut également le produit d’une génération culturellement privilégiée, puisqu’il a pu profiter de l’atmosphère de l’Âge d’argent des lettres et sciences espagnoles. Sa vocation précoce pour la poésie est née en même temps que son militantisme politique. Il a en effet écrit autant d’articles pour défendre la Seconde République espagnole, que de critiques littéraires. De la même façon, nous retrouvons dans sa poésie des poèmes militants sur des évènements de la Guerre ou bien, directement, des invectives contre ses ennemis du « camp nationaliste » (bando nacional), qui laissent entendre une voix lyrique personnelle, qui trouve petit à petit sa place. Luis Antonio de Villena2 a d’ailleurs parlé du poète comme étant « un jeune prometteur, plein de qualités et de talent ». Cette voix personnelle est fortement liée à son exil, comme nous pouvons le lire dans ses deux recueils de poèmes Ardiente desnacer (1935) et Arco ciego (1952). Cet exil l’a conduit du camp de concentration français de Saint Cyprien à la République Dominicaine, puis à Cuba et enfin, aux États-Unis. Il s’y est installé définitivement, dans le quartier bohème de New York de Greenwich Village pour être précis.

Le quartier new-yorkais de Greenwich-VillageLe quartier new-yorkais de Greenwich-Village

Outre d’autres voix et traditions, l’image d’Ovide, l’exilé par excellence de la littérature latine, est très présente dans sa poésie. L’exil du poète originaire de Sulmona dans le Pont-Euxin lui inspire les magnifiques vers des recueils Tristia et Pontica qu’il écrit là-bas et qui décrivent également son état et son humeur. Au début de son premier recueil de poèmes, Ardiente desnacer, nous pouvons lire : vade, sed incultus, qualem decet exulis esse (Trist.1.1.3). Et dans une lettre à son ami Vicente Llorens, le grand spécialiste de l’émigration espagnole, dont l’œuvre Memorias de una emigración mérite une lecture attentive, son état y est résumé par ce vers ovidien : nihil nisi flere libet (Trist.3.2.19). Un état aussi décrit au début d’un de ses meilleurs poèmes “Perry street. Autobiografía” :

Averiguad si os es posible el logaritmo del tedio Y descubrid también si os es posible la razón suficiente de mi insobornable soledad de siempre Por más que consiguieseis formar para el futuro La democrática familia de naciones de la tierra Sonrientes lo mismo que un cartel de dentífrico Ya veis Es la edad de la físico-matemática y la psicología aplicada la lucha contra el cáncer la democracia y la planificación [de la felicidad colectiva Y nadie sabría diagnosticarme la úlcera sentimental de mi desvío Ni por qué continúo Lector impenitente de los santos evangelios de Baudelaire [ y de Ovidio Si resido debajo de un anuncio luminoso Y el alba me sorprende dormitando en los «Metros» Atiborrados de negros que bajan desde Harlem A manejar ascensores y pulir los bares Y deliro cada vez que veo un árbol El único árbol de mi calle del Village Aquí ya sabéis en Perry Street (…) Si vous le pouvez, découvrez le logarithme de l'ennui Et cherchez également à connaître, si vous le pouvez la raison suffisante de mon incorruptible solitude de toujours Vous aurez beau parvenir à former pour l'avenir La famille démocratique des nations du monde Qui arborent un sourire comme dans une publicité pour du dentifrice Vous voyez bien Nous sommes à l'âge de la physico-mathématique et de la psychologie appliquée de la lutte contre le cancer de la démocratie et de la planification [de la joie collective Et personne ne s'aurait diagnostiquer l'ulcère sentimental de ma désaffection Ni pourquoi je continue Lecteur impénitent des saints évangiles de Baudelaire [et d'Ovide Si je vis sous une enseigne lumineuse Et l'aube me surprend somnolant dans les «Métros» Bourrés de noirs qui arrivent de Harlem Pour s'occuper d'ascenseurs et polir les bars Et je déraisonne chaque fois que je vois un arbre L'unique arbre de ma rue du Village Ici, vous savez, dans Perry Street (…)

Ses poèmes, comme nous le voyons, nous montrent des compositions qui sont le reflet de son époque. Son ton élégiaque reste présent dans presque toutes ses compositions. Il s’agit d’une poésie pessimiste, nihiliste et plaintive, illustrée par la déshumanisation de l’homme moderne, new-yorkais dans son cas. Il ne fait aucune tentative d’imitation des classiques et il n’y a pas de références intertextuelles, hormis pour ce qui illustre sa prédilection pour l’exil d’Ovide. Le personnage de Gabriela, sa compagne valencienne qui mourut de façon tragique, est également fondamental. Elle est d’ailleurs le sujet de beaucoup de ses compositions. Les lamentations dues à la perte de la guerre, le triomphe du général Franco et la vie dans une grande ville se mélangent à la nostalgie des moments passés aux côtés de Gabriela.

clariana-odio-y-amo

En tant que latiniste, ses opera magna sont les traductions de deux œuvres de Catulle, et pour ce qui est des autres également mentionnées par Pedro Salinas dans la lettre précédemment citée, nous ne savons rien de plus. La première a été la traduction de Los Epitalamios, publiée par la Revue Universitaire de l’Université de La Havane en 1941. La deuxième, intitulée Odio y amo, a vu le jour à New York en 1954 dans Las Américas Publishing. Toutes deux, bien que partielles, ont le mérite de faire partie des premières traductions du poète de Vérone, après celle réalisée en vers par le mexicain Casasús (1950) et une autre en prose par Juan Petit (1950). Odio y amo, écrite en vers, a de plus la particularité d’être seulement une traduction des poèmes d’amour à Lesbie et à Juventius, structurés comme s’ils reflétaient une histoire d’amour réelle. Il s’agit d’une « traduction sentimentale », qui reflète l’évolution depuis les poèmes d’exaltation de l’amour, en passant par ceux qui montrent une déception amoureuse avec Lesbie et les poèmes dédiés au mystérieux Juventius, pour finir par ceux qui illustrent le terme de leur relation, Furius et Aurelius en étant pris à témoins. Clariana n’a pas seulement traduit les œuvres de Catulle à New York, mais a également effectué une réorganisation intéressante de la structure des poèmes, en identifiant la vie de Catulle et sa poésie. De plus, des gravures signées José Vela Zanetti, peintre espagnol, viennent illustrer les poèmes.

clariana-odio-y-amo-2

En conclusion, parler de Clariana revient à parler d’une personnalité infiniment captivante. Son exil et la mort de sa bien aimée Gabriela ne l’ont pas empêché de concevoir une œuvre importante, en tant que poète et latiniste, qui est restée méconnue pour avoir été écrite au-delà de nos frontières. Un oubli injustifiable que, dans la mesure du possible, nous nous devons de réparer.

Bibliographie : Clariana, B. (1941), Catulo. Los Epitalamios, La Habana, Revista de la Universidad de la Habana. Clariana, B. (1954), Odio y amo, Nueva York, Las Américas Publishing Co. Clariana, B. (2005),  Poesía Completa, eds. Manuel Aznar y Victoria María Sueiro, Valencia, Institució Alfons El Magnànim. Llorens, V. (1975), Memorias de una emigración, Barcelona, Ariel. Salinas, P (1992), Correspondencia (1923-1951), edición, introducción y notas de Andrés Soria Olmedo, Barcelona, Tusquets, pp. 301- 302. De Villena, L. A. (2007), “Un derrotado: Bernardo Clariana”, El Mundo 31 de enero.

Traduction réalisée par Célia Demurger,
étudiante du Master « Traduction Spécialisée Multilingue » – TSM, de l’Université Lille 3.

newlogoTSMPlus d’informations sur le Master TSM :
www.univ-lille3.fr/ufr-lea/formations/masters/tsm
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Twitter : @Master_TSM

Les traductions publiées par « Insula » le sont avec l’accord des auteurs ou du responsable éditorial du site ou du blog concerné. Nous les en remercions chaleureusement.

Notes du texte

  1. Poètes espagnols du début du XXe siècle (NdT).
  2. Écrivain espagnol de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, admirateur de Bernardo Clariana (NdT).

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

Archaeologists Draft Ancient Chinese Beer Recipe

A group of archaeologists has discovered the earliest evidence of beer production in China. The ingredients in the brew may surprise you.

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

How Much of the Archaeological Information Destroyed and Pocketed by Artefact Hunters does the PAS Mitigate by Record?


A non-British colleague asked me last month what he could give as a reference in an article he was writing "about the PAS which shows that very few discoveries are reported in relation to what is really or actually discovered". On being nagged (which I advised him to do), I gave it some thought. He will of course know the model proposed by the Heritage Action Artefact Erosion Counter, ticking away at a not-unreasonable rate as Britain's heritage is pocketed from right under the noses of heritage professionals and even with their outright connivance. 

I assume he wanted something in writing. Oddly-enough (I'll put that in inverted commas intended to imply an ironic tone: "oddly enough"), there are very few British archaeologists putting that particular thought onto paper. There's that awfully insistent and inquisitive guy in Poland who's been banging on about it for fifteen (!) years, the rotter. The bulk of the archaeological establishment over there in Britain though they don't read such things and keep schtum, There is an exception in that David Gill is one who is fearless in the face of the Bloomsbury boys. He tells it like it is in his seminal The Portable Antiquities Scheme and the Treasure Act: Protecting the Archaeology of England and Wales? The question of the relationship between what is found and what is reported is discussed at the beginning of the text. He sums up the situation in his reply to the commentators:
the statistics would suggest that there is significant underreporting at least in some part of England and Wales.
Paul Barford in the same forum discussion made the point too:
A question of particular importance is that of the numbers and types of archaeological artefacts removed from the archaeological record, but not recorded in the public domain (see Barford 2006a; 2006b; Bland 2006a and 2006b[...] There are many indications that a great many finds are not being reported under the present system. Pollard (2009: 183) for example has drawn attention to the fact that the typical sort of material that battlefields produce is not found in the PAS database, but comparatively large amounts of it are identifiable on Internet auction sites. A website allowing UK metal detectorists to show-and-tell the highlights of their collection (the UK Detector Finds Database) currently has some 25,250 artefacts on display (‘recorded’), less than 10% of which seem to have been reported to the PAS. Every week several thousand apparently freshly dug-up ‘British antiquities’ are sold through Internet sites like eBay (not to mention their contribution to ‘bulk coin lots’ offered by many foreign dealers) many of them the sort of material which should be being reported to the PAS, but in relatively few cases do their sellers indicate to responsible collectors wishing to purchase such items that they have been. 
The principal references being:
Barford, P. M. 2005. What are the effects of Artefact Hunting on the Archaeological Resource? The Quarterly - The Journal of the Norfolk Archaeological and Historical Research Group 58, 3-6.
Barford, P. M. 2006a Artefact Hunting and the Archaeological Resource. Rescue News 98, 1-2.
Barford, P. M. 2006b Artefact Hunting: the Sequel Rescue News 100, 4.
(there were replies by Roger bland, but they were superceded by the position noted below)

The Portable Antiquities Scheme pretended not to have read Gill's piece and attempted to ignore the persistent raising of this question for as long as they could, but in the end, just before he left the Scheme, Roger Bland put pen to paper (with Katherine Robbins) in the PAS Guide for Researchers  (August 2014)* and decided that the figures for the annual number of finds removed from archaeological assemblages is ~260 000. So that is a two-thirds loss rate (Paul Barford PACHI blog Sunday, 16 November 2014: 'Focus on UK Metal Detecting PAS and its Admitted Two-thirds loss rate'). Although I am not at all convinced that the method of calculation of this official number has any real reliability (Tuesday, 11 November 2014: 'PAS Finally Try to Estimate Scale of Non-Reported MD Hoiking (1), but Can't Even Manage to Present that Properly'; 'PAS Finally Try to Estimate Scale of Non-Reported MD Hoiking (2), Beach Detecting), it is satisfyingly close to the Heritage Action Model.


 

Comments are welcome if I have missed anyone out. 


* One wonders whether this slim and somewhat superficial publication is the only 'deliverable' of the 150k Leverhulme-funded project. There was supposed to be a separate report early in 2015. Where is it?   

Portable Antiquities Collecting, the Vice Driving the Demand for Plunder


Most collectors, dealers and lobbyists will have stopped reading at the eighth word of the title of the text by Sarah Parcak ('Lust for Loot: Collecting Is Driving the Demand for Plunder' National Geographic Explorers Journal. May 19, 2016)

People can be Gollum; they want the precious. There’s a desire to own, to hold, to make a piece of the past belong to you. Because of that, collectors sometimes don’t look critically enough at how the objects they’re buying are obtained. Some collectors are driven by owning a particular type of object, others by owning objects from a particular culture—and a big problem arises when people purchase objects obtained illegally. Sometimes, it’s an honest mistake. But sometimes, it’s willful ignorance. [...] My colleagues and I published a detailed look at looting across Egypt between the years of 2002 to 2013. We found that looting levels doubled in 2009-2010, on the heels of global recession, then doubled again following the Arab Spring. Looting is an economic issue—it’s something people turn to in desperation. It’s not looting that drives demand for antiquities, but the other way around. In 2002, the total value of Egyptian antiquities sold at Sotheby’s auction house was $3 million. In 2010, it soared to $13 million. We’ve now entered the age of “blood antiquities,” and not asking the right questions is no longer excusable. 
Despite noting that collectors are wilfully deaf to arguments that might change their acquisition processes, Sarah Parcak still advocates talking to collectors (note, even she's given up on dealers):
As archaeologists, engaging with collectors is important. A year and a half ago, I testified in front of the State Department’s Cultural Property Advisory Committee when Egypt requested import restrictions. I was speaking as a scientist with large-scale data on looting across the country, but there were also coin collectors there who were concerned that new laws would inhibit their work [sic]. I went over and talked to the collectors, to try to understand their point of view. The reality is: we need to create safe spaces for these dialogues. If they could present their concerns and we could present ours, we could find that thin line where we can work together.
Note how she buys into the spin of the collectors, that the main motive for building a collection of portable antiquities is "studying" the past (so she calls what they do "work"), yet the title reveals the real nature of the activity. It is fulfilling a lust. Collecting is a vice. It is a damaging one when done no-questions-asked. Most of it is.

In Britain as an experiment such a safe-place was set up in which to "outreach to" (educate) collectors.  The experiment failed. All it did was encourage the expansion of collecting and involve heritage professionals in its legitimation and promotion. No measurable changes in "best practice" (where artefact hunters dig and how) are discernible, and the main purpose of the exercise, to allow archaeologists access to the items found to prepare a proper professional analysis and record has been thrown out of the window with the increasing reliance on the use of members of the public after a brief schooling to compile the 'database'.  As for "safe spaces", look at the fate of the PAS public forum as a space for presenting archaeological concerns to collectors. A total failure. 

Parcak is, I think, not looking deeper than the facadism of the declarative smiley-face interactions of those involved in the portable antiquities trade (as sellers and buyers) intended to stave off critical examination of tits nuts-and-bolts. When however you look on their forums, websites, the sales descriptions on the web-pages (it's all a mouse-click away) a different picture emerges, especially from the candid discussions on closed forums and discussion lists. Readers will know that my own familiarity with this milieu prevents me from having any optimism at all about the prospects of a meaningful dialogue with collectors - safe space or not. I think it is a waste of time, time which is running out for the larger part of the accessible archaeological resource.

Vignette GTA Vice City


Sign this Petition to Stop Destruction Of British Archaeology.


Neighbourhood and Infrastructure Bill
Britain has some of the most amazing and diverse archaeological remains in the world, however the new Neighbourhood Planning and Infrastructure Bill announced today puts all of this at risk, leading to the destruction of our past for good. The lack of surveys will inherently lead to this. The current Requirements that force developers to carry out archaeological and wildlife surveys before starting housing projects are to be abolished in the new Neighbourhood Planning and Infrastructure Bill.
Please sign this petition
At 10,000 signatures, government will respond to this petition At 100,000 signatures, this petition will be considered for debate in Parliament
At present 6,785 signatures, twenty seven of them from metal detectorist 'partners'. Jonathan Lester who created the petition would have done well to include here the actual text of what it is we are signing under and a link to the text of the proposed legislation.

British Museum Closed by Climate Protestors


The British Museum not only holds material controversially removed from other countries, through the PAS supports and promotes artefact hunting and private artefact collecting, but is now also accused of lack of environmental sensitivity:   Brian Boucher, 'Greenpeace Activists Scale Columns at British Museum, Forcing Temporary Shutdown' Art Net News Thursday, May 19, 2016
The British Museum closed for several hours today as Greenpeace protesters decked out in climbing gear occupied key columns on its façade, unfurling banners on climate change. The activists were calling attention to the British oil company BP's sponsorship of the museum's current "Sunken Cities" exhibition [...] Fourteen activists affixed the "Sinking Cities" signs to the columns, referring to rising seawater levels that threaten coastal cities worldwide in the era of climate change.  [...] yesterday, activists stormed the press preview for "Sunken Cities," calling attention to environmental damaged caused by the energy company as well as BP's alliances with repressive Middle Eastern regimes.[...]
I just hope those climbing boots and equipment did not damage the patina of those columns.

The Archaeological Review

The Miracle of the Sun, 1917

It has been nearly 5 years since I last posted this beautiful miracle. On October 13, 2017 at noon will be the 100th anniversary of the Miracle of the sun.




May 23, 2016

Roger Pearse (Thoughts on Antiquity, Patristics, putting things online, and more)

The lost opening of Suetonius’ “The Twelve Caesars”, in John the Lydian

The biography and actions of the first twelve Caesars, from Julius to Domitian, were immortalised by a civil servant of the age of Hadrian.  Suetonius Tranquillus in his De vita Caesarum, On the lives of the Caesars, perhaps best known in English by the title of the Penguin edition, The Twelve Caesars, created a gossipy, colourful portrait that will prevail in the minds of men so long as his work is read.

But the work has not reached us in a complete form.  The preface is gone, and the opening sections of the life of Julius Caesar are likewise lost.  It seems that a single gathering of leaves, a quaternion, was lost from the ancestor of all known copies.  No manuscript known today, or known for centuries, contains this material.

In the sixth century, however, the Greek antiquarian John the Lydian was more fortunate.  Rummaging around the remains of Roman literature, and recording – in Greek – whatever he found worth remembering, he came across a copy of Suetonius’s classic work.

The copy that John the Lydian had included the prologue.  This included a dedication of the work to Septicius Clarus.

We know this, because of a few words in his work, De magistratibus populi Romani.  So I learn, from L.D.Reynolds marvellous work on the transmission of the Latin classics, Texts and Transmissions (p.399).

Unfortunately Reynolds leaves vague where John the Lydian says this, giving a reference to the old 1858 edition of Suetonius by Roth, p.x-xi.  Roth does not trouble to tell us in these words precisely where he found this information: but on p.286 we find this excerpt:

roth_suetonius_p286

In accordance with the infuriating referencing practice of his age, Roth vaguely refers to the “Bonn” edition.  Fortunately this also is online – the Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae 29, 1837, – and so it can be referenced, although – curiously – the Bonn edition actually reads somewhat differently at a critical point!  It gives “Septimio” instead of “Septicio”.  But the low quality of the CSHB text is notorious.

If instead we consult the 1903 Teubner edition of Lydus, by R. Wunsch,[1] on p.61, we find the passage given as above.  Indeed Roth advises us that the Septimio/Septicio variant arises merely from an editor’s error in misreading a manuscript.[2]

The passage may be found in De Magistratibus, book II, chapter 6.  There is an English translation by Anastasius Bandy, which sadly I have no access to.  So let me just give the relevant words:

So Tranquillus dedicated the lives of the Caesars to Septicius, who then was prefect of the Praetorian cohort…

This “Septicius” can only be Septicius Clarus, whom Roth tells us held that post from 119-121 AD.  This dates the publication of The Twelve Caesars to ca. 120 AD.

From such slender threads do we gain just a little more information about one of the best-loved works of antiquity!

  1. [1] Online at Archive.org.
  2. [2] Ms. Paris Supp. gr. 257.

Thibaut Castelli (Spartokos a Lu)

Théodosia antique : Histoire et culture

Petrova, É. B. (2000) : Античная Феодосия: История и культура / Antichnaja Feodosija: Istorija i kul’tura,  [Théodosia antique : Histoire et culture] Livre russe en ligne consacré à Théodosia. Le livre en ligne : http://old-museum.org/excavations/excavations_03_00.htm

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

US (Yawn) "Meeting Regarding Sale of Human Remains and Sacred Objects at Paris Auction"


Native Americans are protesting upcoming Paris auction. Press event: @SmithsonianNMAI 24 May http://nmai.si.edu/sites/1/files/pdf/press_releases/Media-Advisory-Paris-Auction-2016.pdf

Instead of "contesting the sale" why are these people NOT protesting that the USA does not simply make items like this subject to export licensing procedure? It is bonkers to place others in the wrong when it your own lack of coherent policy which is to blame. There is a UNESCCIO 1970 Convention to stop this kind of thing, why are the US trying to sidetrack it?



ArcheoNet BE

Archeologisch adviesbureau RAAP opent kantoor in België

raap_logoSinds vorige week heeft het Nederlandse archeologisch adviesbureau RAAP ook een kantoor in België. Zaakvoerder is archeoloog Caroline Ryssaert. Vanuit het nieuwe kantoor in het Oost-Vlaamse Nazareth voert ze met haar team projecten uit in heel België.

RAAP is al geruime tijd actief in België. Dit gebeurde vroeger vanuit het regiokantoor Zuid-Nederland. Met het nieuwe kantoor in Nazareth, bij Gent, is nu heel Vlaanderen goed bereikbaar. De erkende archeologen van RAAP België bieden expertise en ondersteuning op het vlak van archeologie, landschappelijk en bouwkundig erfgoed. Ze staan ook klaar om opdrachtgevers door de nieuwe procedures voor archeologisch onderzoek te loodsen.

Caroline Ryssaert studeerde archeologie aan de universiteit in Gent en was tot voor kort zaakvoerder van haar eigen onderzoeks- en adviesbureau ODIN. Daarmee heeft ze veel expertise opgebouwd tijdens archeologische projecten in Vlaanderen, zowel bureauonderzoeken als boorprospecties en opgravingen.

Alle producten en diensten van RAAP worden ook door RAAP België aangeboden, en dit uiteraard volgens de hier geldende normen en taalgebruik, met kennis van zaken over archeologie, cultuurhistorie en ruimtelijke ordening. Ook verzorgt RAAP België de archeologienota, die vanaf 1 juni bij de aanvraag van een stedenbouwkundige vergunning of verkavelingsvergunning gevoegd moet worden.

Externe link: www.raap.be

Ancient Peoples

thegetty: ancientpeoples: Aryballos Greek (found near...





thegetty:

ancientpeoples:

Aryballos

Greek (found near Olympia), 6th - 4th century B.C.

Small oil or perfume flask, glass, 7.2 cm high ( ~ 3 in)

Source: The J. Paul Getty Museum

More aryballoi! These probably once held perfumed oil for anointing the body. 

The round, squat shape reflects the technique used to create them, glassblowing! Molten glass is inflated like a balloon at the end of a tube. The development of blowing molten glass was accompanied by new techniques of decorating the glass while it was still hot. 

image
image
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More info on the Teal aryballos, striped aryballos, and orange aryballos.

Archaeology Magazine

Wales Castle ExcavationCAERNARFON, WALES—Archaeologists in northern Wales have unearthed the remains of a small medieval castle, reports the North Wales Chronicle. A team lead by Jane Kenny of the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust spent two years working at the site, known as Han Gastell, which had previously been supposed to be an Iron Age hillfort. But instead of prehistoric fortifications, the team discovered the remains of a defended enclosure dating to the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Kenney speculates that it was probably built by a minor noble and then occupied by no more than four generations before being abandoned. Post holes at the site indicated that the castle once had a large timber hall or tower and the discovery of a large amount of metal slag showed it had its own blacksmithy. The team also discovered decorative bronze and brass objects as well as an iron knife. To read more about archaeology in the area, go to “Letter From Wales: Hillforts of the Iron Age.”  

Edinburgh School BurialsEDINBURGH, SCOTLAND—The outlines of at least nine coffins have been discovered on the grounds of a primary school in the town of Leith, north of Edinburgh. The discovery was made as part of an excavation in advance of new building construction, which also turned up a lone skeleton earlier this year. “These excavations have unearthed what appears to be a complex cemetery thought to date from the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries,” John Lawson, an archaeologist with the City of Edinburgh Council, said in a report in the Edinburgh Evening News, “containing at least nine graves including adults and young children buried in coffins.” For more on archaeology in Scotland, go to "Neolithic Europe's Remote Heart."

Egypt Papyrus SpellsOXFORD, ENGLAND—Two newly deciphered papyri from Egypt dating to the third century A.D. contain spells that deal with love and control, according to a report from Discovery News. The papyri, which were written in Greek, were discovered as part of a larger cache more than 100 years ago in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, and have been gradually studied and translated since then. One spell instructs the spell caster to burn a number of offerings in a bathhouse and write a spell on its walls calling on the gods to “burn the heart” of a woman who has withheld her love. The other, designed to force a man to obey the caster’s every command, instructs the caster to engrave a series of magical words onto a copper plaque and then affix it to something the man wears, such as a sandal. The spells were translated by Franco Maltomini of the University of Udine in Italy, and both were written so the caster could insert a target of their choice. For more, go to “The Charred Scrolls of Herculaneum.”

LEEDS, ENGLAND—Excavations at the site of a future shopping center in Leeds have revealed the burials of at least 28 people, mainly children, who died between 1797 and 1848. The Yorkshire Evening Post reports that analysis of the remains shows that the people were in extremely poor health and some may have possibly died during an 1832 cholera outbreak. Jane Richardson of Archaeological Services WYAS, who led the research, says the condition of the remains confirms that living conditions in the city were particularly grim for the lower classes. “What makes these stand out is not the fact that remains were found, but the malnutrition they show us,” said Richardson. “It was the most grim part of Leeds at the time, and malnutrition was so prevalent." Bioarchaeologists found that at least nine of the children suffered from diseases such as rickets and scurvy. After being studied, the remains are slated to be reburied. To read more about nineteenth-century England, go to “The Haunt of the Resurrection Men.” 

 

 

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Online Companion to The Worlds of Roman Women

[First posted in AWOL 15 April 2013, updated 23 May 2016]

Online Companion to The Worlds of Roman Women
In Memoriam: Barbara F. McManus 1942-2015

INSTRUCTION
Guides, Syllabi, Bibliography
WORLDS Texts, Commentary, Images  
Recent Additions


Digitized publications of The Norwegian Institute at Athens

The Norwegian Institute at Athens

The one hundred most recently deposited digitized publications served from Digitalt, the Bergen University Library Institutional Repository

Ancient Peoples

Cylinder seal and modern impression: hunting scene with...





Cylinder seal and modern impression: hunting scene with ibexes

Akkadian, ca. 2250–2150 B.C.

Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Descartes and Spinoza as Roommates

The latest Existential Comics has a very entertaining exploration of what it might be like if Descartes and Spinoza were roommates…

Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East

Kh. el-Musheirfeh and MEGA-Jordan

The Jordanian village of Kh. el-Musheirfeh lies about 4 km southwest of the major Nabataean/ Roman/ Early Islamic village/ fort/ town of Umm er-Resas. A further 4 km south is the major archaeological site of Lehun on the rim of the great trough of the Wadi Mujib.

The published literature on the site is limited and the two entries in JADIS and now in MEGA-Jordan are confused, confusing and incomplete.

‘MEGA-J 12338 Musheirifa (sic)’ locates a ‘site’ on the south side of the modern village but that turns out to be only the modern village itself.

‘MEGA-J 12349 Musheirfeh (sic)’ is located 2.5 km to the northeast of the village but in an open area with no traces of any archaeological features. Surprisingly, therefore, the record reports material of several periods - Nabataean, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic, Modern, and lists eight ‘Site Elements’ including a village, cistern, a bas relief and sherd scatters of the periods noted. The source of the information is given in two published references from the 1930s (Glueck and Savignac, below). A brief glance at these two publications confirms the obvious – there is just one site and it lies under and around the modern village. The second MEGA-J entry (12349) should be deleted and the information there should be transferred to the first entry (12338) under that spelling (as on the 1:50,000 map).

Musheirfeh is in fact an important site as the two published reports show. Glueck was there on 2 June 1933; Savignac in late April 1935. The latter knows of Glueck’s first major report on his survey which included this site but – inexplicably, does not refer to what he had published. I.e. the two reports are effectively independent of one another. Putting the two reports together allows a composite picture which can be considerably enhanced and developed by analysis of the satellite imagery on Google Earth and Bing, by interpretation of the survey aerial photographs of 1953 and the recent low-level aerial photographs taken by the Aerial Archaeology in Jordan project, all of which are in the APAAME archive.

As may be seen on Google Earth (https://goo.gl/maps/EtATHBHTrdN2) and the superior imagery on Bing (http://binged.it/1DKqghT), amidst the houses the site consists of an area of high ground with traces of:
  • buried structures,
  • the openings of cisterns
  • the foundations of a large masonry building extending eastwards
  • a further significant structure to the west.
The remains cover an area of about 10 ha though much of it was probably open ground between a scatter of structures and occupied by cisterns. Several recent cemeteries are scattered around the village. The major modern structure recorded by Glueck and Savignac is on the south side, marked as ‘Summit’ (Fig. 2).

This modern building (Summit) seen by Savignac and Glueck was built from re-used masonry and included a significant fragment of anthropomorphic sculpture and a substantial architectural piece (Fig. 1). As it was on a ‘sommet’, it may well be overlying an earlier structure (Fig. 3). More significant is the substantial building on the eastern end of the site (B) not reported by either early traveller (Figs 2 and 3). It is c. 25 x 15 m and oriented east-west. As seen from the air in 2010 and 2015, it has been robbed to a low level but the form is clear. There are at least two other places where traces of walls can be seen in this East Range (Fig. 7). West of the ‘Summit’ a further structure seems hinted at by a rectangular outline (C) (Fig. 6).

The sculpture was identified as Nabataean and there was Nabataean pottery on the site. Such an object implies a religious structure of some kind and more than a simple shrine. Glueck thought the architectural lintel he illustrated might be Byzantine – though he compared it to one he had seen at Umm el-Walid which is largely Umayyad.


Figure 1: Relief sculpture and lintel seen on the site in the 1930s by both Savignac and Glueck (1934: 38 Fig. 16)

The 1953 vertical survey aerial photographs show just one modern building there at that date and otherwise allow the broad outline of disturbance to be defined but without specific detail.

The satellite imagery indicates where structures lie but are recent (since the modern village expanded), are inadequate for detail but offer a useful photomap (cf. Fig.2).

Figure 2: Kh. el-Musheirfeh on Google Earth. Red outlines the overall area within which structures are located. Blue is a range of buildings, traces of building and probable cisterns. Other features noted are treated in subsequent figures (below). CLICK THE ABOVE FIGURE TO ENLARGE AND SEE THE POINTS REFERRED TO
 
More importantly, there are 54 low-level oblique aerial photographs of the site in the APAAME collection from April 2010 and October 2015. Between them they reveal the presence of two substantial masonry buildings (A and C) which can be located and their form established, at least one more possible building (B), structures with re-used masonry (e.g. ‘Enclosure’) and the location of several cisterns (‘East Range’).

‘Summit’ and Enclosure (Fig. 3). This area of high ground is the probable location of what Savignac called the ‘sommet’ and where he and Glueck saw the architectural piece and the statue fragment. Today it is used as a small cemetery and the eastern half appears to have been quarried away. The enclosure on the west (bottom) seems to be formed from re-used masonry and arranged as a double face all of it surrounding a significant depression. The latter may be a dry reservoir, the ‘Bir Akial Awad’ recorded there on the 1:50,000 map.

 
Figure 3: Kh. el-Musheirfeh Summit and Enclosure (APAAME_20151005_REB-0008)


Building A (Fig. 4). A rectangular building located on the west side of the modern village. Approximate dimensions: 30 x 20 m. A square room is visible in the northeast corner (bottom left).


Figure 4: Kh. el-Musheirfeh Building A (APAAME_20151005_REB-0012C)


Building C (Fig. 5). Located at the eastern end of the East Range. It is the best-preserved of the various structures, with substantial walls with faced masonry inside and out and several rooms visible. The curving wall on the left may be part of an apse but the internal arrangements of the walls do not seem suited to a church. Overall dimensions are c. 35 x 20 m. Stones used in the modern graves are probably taken from this building.

Figure 5: Kh. el-Musheirfeh Building C (APAAME_20151005_MND-0031C)


Building B (Fig. 6). Located just west of Building C. It appears as an almost square structure incorporating a cavern on the right (north). It is c. 20 x 20 m.
Figure 6: Kh. el-Musheirfeh Building C (APAAME_20151005_REB-0014C)


East Range (Fig. 7). In addition to Buildings B (right) and C (centre), there are traces of other foundations including in the courtyards of the modern houses at the west end of the range. Depressions and caverns may be collapsed cisterns.
Figure 7: Kh. el-Musheirfeh East Range (APAAME_20151005_DLK-0013C).

Conclusion
The MEGA-J entries for Musheirfeh are defective and limited in usefulness. At an elementary level – as with all MEGA-J entries, it would be immensely useful if references provided precise page numbers rather than just – for example, Savignac 1936. Many entries are taken over unchecked from JADIS and contain errors or errors are introduced in the transfer. Many entries would benefit from a reminder - and a specific link, that there may be aerial photographs available in the Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East (APAAME).

– David Kennedy

Glueck, N. (1934) Explorations in Eastern Palestine, I, New Haven (AASOR XIV [1933-1934]: 1-113 at 37-8 (Site 95) and Fig. 16
Savignac, R. (1936) “Chronique: Sur les pistes de Transjordanie méridionale”, RB 45: 235-263 + Plates VII –XII at 242-3 and Pl. VIII.1

He has a wife you know

ahencyclopedia: PHOENICIAN ARCHITECTURE:  PHOENICIAN...









ahencyclopedia:

PHOENICIAN ARCHITECTURE: 

PHOENICIAN architecture is typified by large temples with double-columned facades approached by a short staircase, enclosed sacred spaces containing cube-like and open-fronted shrines, and such large-scale engineering projects as dams and artificial harbours. High fortification walls included square towers and gates, and were built of mud-bricks and limestone, as were more the modest domestic buildings. 

The paucity of archaeological remains from the period when Phoenician cities were at their height makes general statements dangerous, but it is possible to say that Phoenician architects were relatively austere and sparing in the use of decorative elements both inside and outside their buildings.  

Read More 



Article by Mark Cartwright on AHE

Faculty of Classics, Cambridge

Cambridge Classics top in Guardian University Guide (again)

The Faculty of Classics has once more topped the Guardian University Guide

ArcheoNet BE

19de-eeuwse sluis blootgelegd aan Ninoofsepoort in Brussel

Aan de Ninoofsepoort in Brussel zijn bouwvakkers gestoten op een sluis van het kanaal Brussel-Charleroi. De sluis dateert uit ca. 1830. Hoewel de bevoegde overheden op de hoogte waren van de vermoedelijke aanwezigheid van de oude sluis, werd een deel van de sluismuur al zonder onderzoek afgebroken. Brusselse erfgoedliefhebbers hopen nu dat de resten van de sluis een plaats krijgen in het park dat ter plekke wordt aangelegd. Lees meer op www.bruzz.be.

Restauratie Handelsbeurs Antwerpen officieel van start

Na de afronding van de opgravingen werd vandaag het officiële startschot gegeven voor de restauratiewerken aan de historische Handels- en Schippersbeurs in Antwerpen. Het project voorziet een hotel aan de Lange Nieuwstraat, een publieke doorgangs- en ontmoetingsruimte, een restaurant en een ondergrondse parking. Als alles volgens plan verloopt, zal het project klaar zijn tegen eind 2018.

Farrago

What's in a name

Ἐτεο-κλῆς or -κλέης, the name of the 'defender' of Thebes against the 'Theban (or Argive) Seven', is found:

(a) in Mycenean as e-te-wo-ke-re-we-i-jo as a patronymic adjective 'of Ἐτεϝοκλέϝης' (PY An 657 and Aq 64); cf. the phrase in the genitive at Iliad 4.386: βίης Ἐρεοκληείη.

(b) in Sanskrit as satyá-śravas ('adj. nom. m. 'of true fame,' becomes the name of a man...'; see A.A. MacDonell, A Sanskrit Grammar for Students, p. 176, sect. 189b).

Cf. -ανδρος, -ά̄νωρ.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Cosa si attende ancora per nominare UR tra le ricchezze del Patrimonio Mondiale? #Italy4UR

english version here

L’Unesco sta esaminando la richiesta di inserimento nel patrimonio mondiale del sito archeologico di UR da ben 16 anni.

In questi anni il sito ha sofferto di tutto, oltre alla mancanza di manutenzione, ha resistito alle guerre, agli americani che lo hanno usato come base militare, ai ladri e ai tombaroli (come li chiamiamo noi in Italia), ma anche alle bombe che hanno lasciato il segno delle voragini e ai proiettili che hanno lasciato il buco sulle pareti della grande Ziggurat.

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: May 23

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. If you are looking for free copies of my books, you can find links to all of them here: Fables, Proverbs and Distichs — Free PDFs.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem decimum Kalendas Iunias.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows The Judgment of Paris; you can also see the legends for the current week listed together here.


TODAY'S MOTTOES and PROVERBS:

3-WORD MOTTOES: Today's 3-word motto is Nolo servile capistrum (English: I refuse to wear the slave's halter).

3-WORD PROVERBS: Today's 3-word proverb is Inscitia confidentiam parit (English: Ignorance breeds confidence).

RHYMING PROVERBS: Today's proverb with rhyme is: Intima per mores cognoscimus exteriores (English: We know a person's inner being through his external habits).

VULGATE VERSES: Today's verse is Ambulate dum lucem habetis ut non tenebrae vos comprehendant (John 12:35). For a translation, check out the polyglot Bible, in English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek, at the Sacred Texts Archive online.

ELIZABETHAN PROVERBS: Here is today's proverb commentary, this time by Taverner: Sub ipsius iudicio sorex perit: The Rat dieth by utteryng of her self. This Proverbe toke the beginning of the propertie of this vermin for the Rattes be wonte to make a noyse muche more than mice do, and do more rumble about and make a noysom crieng while they gnaw candels endes or such other trifels to whiche noyse many men harkeninge forthwith though it be in the darke night throw at them and to kill them. Semblably many men and women there be which by theyr owne noyse, and be wraying of them selves, seke their owne bande and destruction.

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Lex Omnibus Una. Click here for a full-sized view. I'm sharing these with English translations at Google+ now too.


And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:



Iratum noli stimulare.
Do not provoke someone who is angry.

Re magis quam specie.
The thing itself rather than appearance.

TODAY'S FABLES:

FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Formica Alata, a story about being careful what you ask for (this fable has a vocabulary list).

MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Avara et Gallina, another fable about unintended consequences.

Mulier et Gallina Obesa

Growth Mindset Memes. For more about this growth cat, see this blog post. Altius tendo. I will go higher.


Mike Anderson's Ancient History Blog

Destruction of the Roman Middle Class: An analogy for America Today?

There have been many books written about the decline of the Roman Empire and the factors that made it happen. Gibbon stands out as the first writer to put significant effort toward the subject with his six volume opus first published in 1776. Gibbon characterized the causes of the fall of Rome as follows:

"The decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the cause of the destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight. The story of the ruin is simple and obvious: and instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed we should rather be surprised that it has subsisted for so long."

Given the contemporary angst about the health of the middle class in the United States, I thought it might be interesting to examine the decline of the middle class in Rome and its contribution to the decline of the empire as a whole.

Like the United States, the Roman political system was stabilized by the development of a large and robust middle class. In the early days of the Republic, there were patricians and plebeians (rich men and common men), with a sharp line dividing them according to family lineage and property ownership. Then, as the Republic grew, a new class called the Knights (Equites) emerged, initially made up of individuals who were wealthy enough to pay for a horse and the supplies needed to serve in the cavalry. Later two factors helped expand this class of Equites. Patricians, who were averse to participating in business ventures because they were perceived a low professions, began to employ knights to run their businesses for them, and this allowed the Knights to become merchants, bankers, insurance men, and investors. As businessmen, the Knights were able to acquire wealth and move up the socio-economic ladder. Their wealth was “new money” in contrast to the “old money” of the patricians. The second factor which helped build the middle class occurred during the reign of Augustus, when the civil service system was greatly expanded by employing more and more appointed officials to independently manage the government infrastructure. These civil servants were known as “publicans”.

With wealth came influence and the Roman middle class grew and prospered over the centuries, acting as the balance point between the three socio-economic classes, but in the latter stages of the empire, the middle class came under such pressure, it nearly ceased to exist, and the vacuum created by its decline was one of the major causes of the collapse of the empire. Why did this happen?

During the third century AD, the combination of funding external wars and internal unrest caused rampant monetary inflation, wiping out the assets of the middle class. Moreover, the occasional efforts to return the empire to its former glory were centered more on rebuilding the army than funding public works projects in the cities, so the latter became degraded into a dilapidated condition. Civil service workers in the cities, once perceived as benefactors because of their wealth, were now pressed by the government to collect higher and higher taxes, which alienated them from the people they had previously governed, and caused them to lose interest in serving. They abandoned their posts and moved away, leaving the extremely wealthy and poor behind, with a vacuum in the middle. With a lack of candidates for civil service positions, the government began to support the concept of hereditary service, passed down from father to son. Perceiving their value to the empire and noting the distance separating them from the capital, these administrators began to defy the central government. The latter responded by passing laws designed to bring their administrators in line, but the end result was administrative paralysis and corruption as low pay forced civil servants to bribe and sell favors to those with the money to pay for them.

In this case, the authorities had tried to impose a regimentation that would create the funding needed to pay the army and support a bureaucratic imperial infrastructure, but what they accomplished was a destruction of the individual loyalty needed to preserve the political system. As it happens so often in history, a political system is taken to the point of collapse when its leaders become so isolated from the problems of the public and they forfeit the ability to maintain stability in the system. The Roman central government during the period of the third century AD was more interested in ceremony than understanding the needs of the people so the gulf between the two was advanced by a failure to communicate.

To put the impact of changes in the Roman middle class in the right perspective, we have to place it in the proper place among all of the factors that, together, helped to hasten the end of the empire. These include failure of the army and the social catastrophe that disrupted the lives of the Roman people and their ability to survive in the changing political landscape. The army failed because it was not large enough to police the empire. It was not large enough because conscription efforts did not produce enough recruits among a decreasing number of candidates and those who were available were actively trying to avoid service. Ultimately, Rome’s enemies became stronger than she by shear numbers.

Social catastrophe resulted from a lack of sympathy between the army and the people. The people were often terrorized by the military and yet were forced to fund their compensation through high tax rates. Other social factors include the problem of agricultural laborers driven to poverty who were forced to seek protection from whatever source was available. Their benefactors were military officers who negotiated with the government on their behalf or the wealthy landowners who agreed to take them in as tenants or laborers. Many, who were driven to poverty, turned to a life of crime as individuals or members of gangs. All of these problems were ignored by the uber-wealthy who continued to expand their positions without a care for the plight of the common man.

The destruction of the Roman middle class was an important component of larger collapse of the entire social fabric of the empire, and its collapse made the problems of the other classes more apparent. The wealthy class remained to enrich themselves, without any connection to the problems of the common man. The poor became more impoverished and were forced to be dependent on whatever benefactor they could depend on.

Today, in America, we see some of the same elements: a shrinking middle class less able to carry the tax burden of the country, an impoverished poor dependent on government for subsistence, and an arrogant wealth class out of touch with reality and focused on their own world of fantasy. How will these conflicting forces resolve themselves this time?

Martin Rundkvist (Aardvarchaeology)

May Pieces Of My Mind #2

Doesn't this picture of Västra Eneby church's body storage shed in winter put you in a festive mood? Party. Party. Par. Taaaay.

Doesn’t this picture of Västra Eneby church’s body storage shed in winter put you in a festive mood? Party. Party. Par. Taaaay.

  • My selective breeding programme for a future master race is producing good results. Jrette just beat her entire class (admittedly, a class selected for musical ability) at the national maths test. Meanwhile her brother is using seven programming languages while his classmates are learning one.
  • Have you heard Clint Eisteddfod’s new album, Good, Bad and Ugly Songs?
  • A bright former student of mine has made a narrow escape from the archaeological job market. Phew! And become a PhD student in Swedish literature instead. Errr…
  • Stop playing the violin around the bonfire, you Pagan ninny!
  • “Love of Brands”. Oh, go away. I hate brands.
  • Table salt container boasts of less sodium. To anyone with a bit of middle-school chemistry, this means “not table salt”.
  • I don’t like decimals on percentages. If you need that kind of precision, and let’s be honest, you don’t, then use per mil. AND NO DECIMALS ON YOUR DAMN PER MIL OK!!!
  • Reading Arthur Ransome’s first Swallows & Amazons book from 1930. Realising that Enid Blyton’s Famous Five are an unabashed Ransome ripoff. It’s all there, including the lovingly described voluminous meals. The first Famous Five book from 1942 is even titled Five on a Treasure Island, echoing the preoccupation with pirate / sea fiction that Ransome’s four protagonists share.
  • I’ve applied for 326 grants since 1993. 40% of them have been approved. Both the large number of applications and the high hit rate show that I’ve gone mainly for small grants, not the big famous ones with a very low average hit rate per applicant. And they’ve allowed me to publish five books and 41 journal papers / book chapters.
  • Sprinkled Georgian (as in Kolchis, roses, wine, gold) spice mix generously onto my lamb patties & baked cauliflower. Then remembered that I don’t currently have any sense of smell because of a cold. So it might as well just have been salt and pepper.
  • Having completed the reports for the second fieldwork season on my castles project, and having finalised my plans for the third and last season, today I’ve begun writing the monograph.
  • Gotta love some spam: “Wussten Sie, dass Yoda in den Star Wars Filmen ursprünglich von einem Affen gespielt werden sollte?”
  • Awesome. Lund University advertises a temp job in biotech — and the department forgets to remove the name of the guy for whom the job is intended from the headline of the job ad!
  • Absentmindedly put lime curd on bread seasoned with fennel seeds. The resulting clash of tastes is extraterrestrial. Good thing I can barely feel it for my cold.
  • Guy at the annual car inspection place is awesome. He’s short, muscular, crew-cut and covered in tattoos. Super butch. But he has the manner of a particularly maternal hair dresser.
  • Received a review copy of an American techno thriller where atheists are being hunted down by shadowy theocrats. And I’m like “I’m Swedish. We’ve already beat theocracy. Atheists are the establishment here, not some beleaguered minority that needs comforting tales about our plight. I don’t care about atheism.”
  • Movie: Llewyn Davis. 1961 US folk singer isn’t doing so well. Grade: Pass.
I don't even want to know what this is that I found in our dried Chinese goods cupboard.

I don’t even want to know what this is that I found in our dried Chinese goods cupboard.

American School of Classical Studies in Athens: News

Προστασία και αξιοποίηση των ελληνικών αρωματικών φυτών σε Βοτανικούς Κήπους

Σεμινάριο στο πλαίσιο της έκθεσης Flora Graeca πραγματοποίησε η Δρ. Ελένη Μαλούπα, την Πέμπτη 19 Μαΐου στην αίθουσα Μανδύλα της Γενναδείου Βιβλιοθήκης.

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Israel returns to Egypt two stolen artefacts

Israel on Sunday returned to Egypt two stolen sarcophagi lids, saying the repatriation of the...

Liz Gloyn (Classically Inclined)

New worlds, new projects, new monsters

I’ve been meaning to write this post for a while but finding the opportunity and the words has been difficult. I’m coming through a bit of a perfect storm of conclusions – the end of being on a temporary contract, the end of working on the Seneca book manuscript, the end of teaching, the end (nearly) of exam term, the end of when I was supposed to be working at Royal Holloway. The thing about endings is that they bring beginnings with them – but these aren’t the sort of beginnings I’ve been used to. I’ve been thinking about this quite hard, because at first I assumed that my inability to think beyond the next short-term task was down to the small person – as I’ve said before, during maternity leave and the first few months back at work, I wasn’t up to anything more strenous than editing work. But there’s more to it than that.

In intellectual terms, the submission of the Seneca book (even if we still have to get through the foothills of indexing and copyediting) is a remarkably huge deal. At this point I have been working on it for eight years, in one form or another, from the original idea I suggested for my PhD and which got laughed out of court, to the germ of an idea about Seneca which I still vividly remember coming up with when walking down a summer road in Brooklyn, through the process of writing and defending the PhD, then the elongated and lengthy reiterations of editing, editing and editing some more to make the thing into a book… it’s been a long intellectual journey which has revolved around that material. To wave it off has been more of a jolt than I was expecting.

Moving onto a permanent contract marks a new phase too. I’ve spent every single year of my life up to this point thinking in terms of stages. Work to the GCSEs, to the A-levels, to the BA, to the PhD, to this short term contract, that one, and that one… there’s always been a fixed end-point around which I have structured my time and goals, particularly over the last five years. Suddenly, that’s gone. I am finding it quite difficult to adjust. (I know this is ‘my golden slippers pinch terribly’ territory, but bear with me.)

One of the immediate effects of my contract change is that I am eligible for a research sabbatical term next academic year – for those of you unfamiliar with this, the idea is that you take some time off teaching and administrative duties and focus solely on your research. In practice, all sorts of things tend to encroach on that time – but, thankfully, because nobody was planning for me to be at Royal Holloway next year, there is very little that has the potential to encroach, this year at least. So I can take the excellent advice that has been given to me by various people and think about consolidation.

What that means in practice is that I’ll be spending the summer and autumn working properly on to the next book project, which feels unbelievably daunting because the manuscript is due next year. I have to keep reminding myself that there are lots of different reasons that this book is different to the first, in terms of content and audience, and indeed the fact that I have got a lot better at writing than I was back at the start of the PhD. I’ve also been thinking about the ideas I want to explore in the new book for a while – ever since I wrote the Harryhausen piece – so I’m not starting entirely from scratch.

Yes, folks, this is finally the debut of the Monster Book. I had been planning to do this after the second Seneca book, but at the last Classical Association meeting I attended the opportunity came up to explore doing it at this stage, and I figured it would be a nice change of pace to do something reception-y that has been bouncing around in my head for a while. The book all stems from my vague dissatisfaction that there doesn’t seem to be a satisfactory way of explaining the appearance of classical monsters in popular culture. The book is meant to look at the ways that the ancient monster is reimagined in popular culture, and locates it in contemporary space. I may have to come up with a System, which is a bit unnerving, but I’m sure I’ll think of something. I’ve already made a start with the conference paper I’ve just given in Poland at the excellent Chasing Mythical Beasts conference – the paper for that is going to turn into a free-standing article but it’s all grist to the mill. I’m also giving a paper at the Celtic Classics Conference which I’m hoping will be one of the earlier chapters doing some of the theoretical heavy lifting.

There are so many issues to think through here. There’s the whole glorious world of monster theory to get stuck into, not to mention the fact that monsters have got all trendy in scholarship about ancient texts and I should probably get the hang of that. There’s a wealth of popular culture to get to grips with (which means a lot of bad things to read and watch, and hopefully some gems to discover in the middle of it all). But most of all, I have to get into the mindset of doing new, fresh research again, and start generating new words and ideas. At the moment, that feels like the hardest thing of all.


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Greater Mesopotamia. Reconstruction of its Environment and History (GMREH)

Greater Mesopotamia. Reconstruction of its Environment and History (GMREH)
This research project, funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office - BELSPO in the framework of the Interuniversity Attraction Poles (IAP), focuses on the Ancient Near East, a region extending from ancient Iran and the Arabian Peninsula to the eastern Mediterranean.

In previous phases, a considerable part of the project concentrated on Syrian Upper Mesopotamia. The present phase represents a geographical extension towards “peripheral” regions such as Anatolia, the Levantine coast, Cyprus and the Persian Gulf. One of the opportunities the present phase offers, is that it allows exploiting the mass of previously collected data from Syria. The groundwork and stimulation of research provided by the previous IAP phases will allow a very efficient synergy.

The network is composed of four Belgian partners; the Royal Museums of Art and History (coordinator), the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, the KU Leuven and the Université Catholique de Louvain and of four international partners, Université Paris I, Université Toulouse III, University of California – Los Angeles and the University of Budapest.


The work falls under three main axes of investigation: 1) environmental changes and their impact on societies, 2) the transition between the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age, including the centuries leading up to this period of unrest and its aftermath (seen through the situation in the Levant, Anatolia and Iran) and 3) historical studies. Within these primary axes of research, the practical execution of these projects is organised through six thematic work packages (for details, please see under “network”):

From a methodological point of view, this research approaches the history of the Ancient Near East (in its broadest sense from material history to cultural phenomena) from a combined environmental, historical and archaeological viewpoint. At the same time, it re-examines a number of fundamental key-stone topics such as chronology, climate evolution, seashore variations and material culture sequences. This pluridisciplinarity cannot consist of a side-by-side contribution of archaeology, geology, philology, historical geography and history that would only produce more data within the confinement of each of these disciplines. A fully integrated synergy of these approaches is essential. Such an ambitious undertaking could, of course, never be realized by any single team. It will take the added value of a comprehensive network.
Mission Statement

The objective of this project is to provide entirely new perspectives of major historical processes through the integration of palaeo-environmental data, cuneiform writing, archaeological site exploration and palynological analyses, in order to study the interaction of man with his environment and the development of, and interaction between, societies in the course of the regional history.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Analisi chimico-fisiche svelano la composizione delle Tempere Fortuny

Le Tempere Fortuny sono una linea di colori per artisti ideata da Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo, artista spagnolo noto per le sue innovazioni nella moda e nel teatro.
Palazzo Pesaro degli Orfei a Venezia, oggi Museo Fortuny, è stata dimora ed atelier dell’artista dal 1899 e fino alla sua morte nel 1949 ed ospita ancora oggi diversi strumenti e sostanze utilizzate dall'artista.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Is Bibliolatry the Worst Sin (Biblically Speaking)?

Pete Enns shared a quote from James Sanders, which he then paraphrases in this way later in the post: Put the Bible in its place and then you will see its deep religious value. If you treat the Bible as a rulebook dropped out of heaven, you will miss the purpose for which the Bible [Read More...]

Joint Library of the Hellenic & Roman Societies / Institute of Classical Studies Library

ICS events 23rd-28th May 2016

Monday 23rd May
17:30 Roman Art Seminar
Wild beasts in context: the great mosaic from the Vicus Augustanus at Castelporziano
Amanda Claridge (Royal Holloway, University of London)
Room 243 - Senate House

Tuesday 24th May
17:00 ICS Classical Archaeology Seminar
Iconology of an Animal Combat: On the Lion Attacking a Horse in the Musei Capitolini
Claire Lyons (Getty Villa)
Room 349 - Senate House

Wednesday 25th May
13:00 ICS Director's Seminar
Ethnography and Empire: The Tower of Babel narrative in Philo 'De Confusione Linguarum', Origen 'Contra Celsum' and Julian 'Contra Galilaeos'
John Hilton (KwaZulu-Natal)
Room 246 - Senate House

18:00 Hellenic Society Summer Lecture
'Dionysus and India: Lucian to Gandhara'
Phiroze Vasunia (UCL)
Room 349 - Senate House

Thursday 26th May
16:30 ICS Ancient History Seminar
China and the Hellenistic world in the 3rd century BC - an archaeological assessment
Lukas Nickel (SOAS)
Room 349 - Senate House

Friday 27th May
16:30 ICS Postgraduate Work in Progress Seminar
An interdisciplinary experiment: Pindar and Parmenides: poetics of competition and ontological enquiry
Chiara Ciampa (KCL)
Room 246 - Senate House


If the ICS Events page is unavailable, please see the SAS Events brochure (pdf) or here for ICS events listings.

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

La difesa e il consumo di suolo all’attenzione del TECHNOLOGYforALL 2016

Due temi di importanza fondamentale per la sopravvivenza del nostro territorio continuamente attaccato, ma per il quale l’attuale coscienza collettiva è finalmente presente. Il problema più grave riguarda forse come porre rimedio agli errori del passato e come monitorare nel futuro.

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

New monograph series on Christian Apocrypha

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/IcHcFZHoXTg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Convegno La mappa per la salvaguardia dei patrimoni culturali, archivistici e bibliotecari

L’Associazione SOS Archivi organizza l'8 giugno a Milano il convegno “La mappa per la salvaguardia dei patrimoni culturali, archivistici e bibliotecari”, che si terrà presso il Comando Provinciale dei Vigili del Fuoco. Dopo il convegno, ci sarà una dimostrazione pratica di salvataggio di beni cartacei, a cui sarà possibile prendere parte in prima persona. La partecipazione è gratuita previa iscrizione.

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Corpus Inscriptionum Phoenicarum

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Yxw_gKcwVv0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Anabasis 6 (2016)

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/3zaJ1ExENnA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Antiquitas (Sciences de l'Antiquité à l'Université de Lorraine)

Autour de l’« économie impériale » en Asie mineure

Dans le cadre du projet “LanCRAM : The land of Caesar : Geography and economy of the imperial properties in Roman Asia Minor” (Marie Curie IEF), Alberto Dalla Rosa (EPHE) organise une journée d’étude sur le thème « Autour de l’ “économie impériale” en Asie mineure » le samedi 21 mai 2016 de 10h à 18h (Salle Mariette, INHA).

La séance de l’après-midi sera présidée par François Kirbihler.

La deuxième journée d’étude du projet LanCRAM est consacrée au thème de l’ « économie impériale » en Asie Mineure. De la controverse Bücher-Meyer au modèle taxe-commerce de Keith Hopkins, en passant pour Max Weber et Rostovtzeff, les historiens ont depuis longtemps essayé de définir de façon globale la nature de l’économie romaine sous le Haut-Empire. Située chronologiquement entre la phase de la grande expansion méditerranéenne et la crise du IIIe siècle ap. J.-C., l’économie impériale est caractérisée par une condition générale de paix à l’intérieur et de forte présence militaire aux frontières, par un développement du commerce à longue distance et par une diffusion graduelle du droit romain. Ces circonstances favorisèrent la croissance de l’économie des provinces et notamment de certaines régions orientales, où l’urbanisme était particulièrement fort.
 
En réunissant un ensemble de spécialistes dont la maitrise de la documentation épigraphique de la région est renommée, notre journée d’étude se propose donc de jeter un regard sur les aspects de la vie économique de l’Asie Mineure les plus fortement liés au fait de l’inclusion de cette région dans l’Empire Romain. Il s’agit d’abord de la figure même de l’empereur, vu en tant qu’acteur économique – en raison de ses propriétés – aussi bien que promoteur d’une certaine politique patrimoniale au sein des élites locales. Une attention particulière sera donnée aussi à certains facteurs d’intégration économique, tels que la politique douanière et le rôle de l’armée.

Télécharger le programme.

 

Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Corso di Modellazione 3D con Blender

3DArcheoLab organizza a Parma dal 31 maggio al 9 giugno 2016 un Corso di Modellazione 3D con Blender della durata di 42 ore per imparare a modellare in 3D con il software open source e gratuito Blender. Il corso base è rivolto a tutti coloro che vogliono imparare le basi di modellazione e grafica 3D.

Che facciamo di bello? Musei e sperimentazioni a Sud

"Che facciamo di bello? Musei e Sperimentazioni a Sud” è una proposta, destinata alle scuole, alle famiglie, ai curiosi e agli appassionati d’arte, per scoprire in modo nuovo il patrimonio storico artistico di Puglia e Basilicata.

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Fellowship on Jews and the Material in Antiquity

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/0LhmBo4WjjM" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Anton on Fifty Shades of Talmud

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/0bTrsmBwg-E" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Current Epigraphy

Premio Giancarlo Susini

EPIGRAPHICA – Periodico Internazionale di Epigrafia

PREMIO GIANCARLO SUSINI

             L’Editore F.lli Lega e la Direzione di “Epigraphica” bandiscono la terza edizione di un premio intitolato al prof. Giancarlo Susini, da attribuire ad una pubblicazione di epigrafia greca o latina.

  1. Il premio è destinato all’opera a carattere monografico di un giovane studioso che non abbia superato i 40 anni di età alla data del bando. Sono ammesse opere scritte in francese, inglese, italiano, spagnolo, tedesco; sono escluse le ristampe e le edizioni successive alla prima, anche se riviste ed ampliate.
  2. L’importo del premio, indivisibile, è di € 2.000,00.
  3. Possono partecipare al concorso gli studiosi la cui opera sia stata pubblicata negli anni 2015-2016.
  4. La domanda di partecipazione dovrà essere inviata entro il 31 marzo 2017 al seguente indirizzo: donati@unibo.it e dovrà essere corredata dal curriculum degli studi del richiedente e da tutti gli elementi identificativi dell’opera presentata (titolo, editore, data di edizione, ISBN).  Un esemplare stampato dell’opera   dovrà essere inviato a: Epigraphica, via Valeriani 64 – 40134 Bologna (Italia). Le opere presentate non saranno restituite.
  5. Il premio sarà assegnato da una Commissione Internazionale composta da 5 membri, fra i quali un delegato dell’ Editore F.lli Lega ed un componente del Comitato di Direzione della Rivista.
  6. Il premio sarà consegnato nel giugno 2017, nel corso del Convegno epigrafico Borghesi 2017.

 Faenza, 10 maggio 2016

 

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2016.05.32: John of Damascus: New Studies on his Life and Works. Variorum collected studies series, CS 1053

Review of Vassa Kontouma, John of Damascus: New Studies on his Life and Works. Variorum collected studies series, CS 1053. Farnham; Burlington, VT:Pp. 286. $154.95. ISBN 9781409446378.

2016.05.31: Sul libro latino antico: ricerche bibliologiche e paleografiche (premessa di Mario Capasso, prefazione di Guglielmo Cavallo). Biblioteca degli "Studi di Egittologia e di Papirologia," 12

Review of Serena Ammirati, Sul libro latino antico: ricerche bibliologiche e paleografiche (premessa di Mario Capasso, prefazione di Guglielmo Cavallo). Biblioteca degli "Studi di Egittologia e di Papirologia," 12. Pisa; Roma: 2015. Pp. 195. €120.00 (pb). ISBN 97862278140.

2016.05.30: Priapea. Exemplaria Classica, Anejo III 2014

Review of Carmen Codoñer, Juan A. González Iglesias, Priapea. Exemplaria Classica, Anejo III 2014. Huelva: 2015. Pp. 374. (pb). ISBN 9788416061587.

The Archaeological Review

Return to the Amphipolis Tomb


This statue of a lion was found in 1912 in pieces near the eventually discovered tomb at Amphipolis, Greece. The colossal lion without its pedestal measures over 5 meters (16 feet), in height and was originally on top of the tomb on the Kashta hill but for whatever reason was moved a few kilometers away in antiquity. In ancient times lions were usually placed at sites as a memorial of a battle or of a great general.

When the teams excavations began in 2012 it was obvious that someone of importance would likely be buried within the tumulus. To the fortune of the archaeological team it was found that the tomb had been sealed and undisturbed since ancient times. The tomb is surrounded by a large circular wall made up of substantial limestone and marble blocks covered by earthen works.

The creation of the whole monument is dated to the time of Alexander the Great, and being created for someone likely within Alexander's immediate circle. The multi chamber stone tomb had been filled in with soil in ancient times thereby protecting the burial and its contents. Many beautiful sculptural ornaments have been found embedded within the architecture of the tomb which include a pair of headless sphinxes above the tombs entrance.

When opened it was found that the tomb had been heavily looted and vandalized in antiquity though among the debris were found bones in a burial pit. A number of  very interesting inscriptions have also come to light during the excavation that may have identified the owner.

The website is very well put together, simple to navigate, easy to understand and welcoming to ages 10 to 110 years old. The site would make a wonderful history project for children interested in archaeology. 

Notes:

The Great Tomb of Amphipolis

Photo: Lion after reconstruction in 1937

ASOR Syrian Heritage Initiative

ASOR Cultural Heritage Initiatives Weekly Report 89–90 (April 13, 2016 – April 26, 2016)

wr87-88_1100x200

Michael D. Danti, Amr al-Azm, Allison Cuneo, Susan Penacho, Bijan Rouhani, Marina Gabriel, Kyra Kaercher, and Jamie O’Connell

Download Report 89–90

Key points from this report:
  • A photograph shows damage to al-Saha Mosque in Palmyra, Homs Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0051).
  • A church converted into a gym by ISIL militants in Shaddadi, Al Hasakah Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0052).
  • A reported SARG airstrike damaged the al-Gharbi Mosque in Tamanaa, Hama Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0053).
  • An alleged SARG airstrike severely damaged the Khaled Bin Al Walid Mosque in al-Eis, Aleppo Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0054).
  • SARG forces reportedly occupy the al-Ghoufran Mosque in Damascus, Damascus Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0055).
  • An alleged SARG airstrike struck an area near al-Firdous Mosque and a car bomb of unknown origin detonated near al-Nur Mosque in Raqqa, Raqqa Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0056).
  • Reported SARG airstrikes damaged Uthman bin Affan Mosque and al-Nur Mosque, severely damaging both mosques in Ter Maalah, Homs Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0057).
  • An electrical fire caused severe damage to Suq Asruniyeh, Suq Meskiyeh, and Othman Bank in Old Damascus, Damascus Governorate (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0058).
  • A reported SARG airstrike damaged the Zaid bin Haritha Mosque in Aleppo, Aleppo Governorate on April 22, 2016 (ASOR CHI Incident Report SHI 16-0059).
  • ASOR CHI received confirmation that ISIL militants bulldozed several of the ancient gates of Nineveh in Mosul, Ninawa Governorate in mid-April (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 16-0010).
  • The Malthai Rock Reliefs located in Dohuk Governorate were vandalized for a second time (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 16-0011).
  • Shelling of unknown origin damaged al-Firdous Mosque in Fallujah, Al Anbar Governorate on April 15, 2016 (ASOR CHI Incident Report IHI 16-0012).

* This report is based on research conducted by the “Syria Preservation Initiative: Planning for Safeguarding Heritage Sites in Syria." Weekly reports reflect reporting from a variety of sources and may contain unverified material. As such, they should be treated as preliminary and subject to change.

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The Heroic Age

Session Title: "Holy Sites: The Place of Saints in the Anglo-Saxon Church"

This session seeks papers addressing issues of place and space in the study of saints' cults, hagiography, or art and material culture in the Anglo-Saxon church, understood both as a cultural and historical institution and in terms of the concrete, physical spaces of church buildings. We are especially interested in papers which look at saints in Anglo-Saxon England from interdisciplinary perspectives, dealing with issues of the transmission of saints' cults and relics across spaces, or considering the importance of place in the enshrinement of saints, both physically in reliquaries, churches, or landscapes, and metaphorically in works of Anglo-Saxon literature and art.

Send 100-word abstract and contact information to organizer Shannon Godlove at godlove_shannon@columbusstate.edu by May 30, 2016!
Fordham University
&
         The Center for medieval Studies 

The Medieval Fellows Program
2016- 2017


Fordham Medieval Fellows enjoy the benefits of post-graduate research affiliation with Fordham University and its Center for Medieval Studies during one or two semesters of research in the New York City area.  The appointment carries no stipend, but Fellow status includes: an office with computer and printer, library privileges and a carrel, a research-oriented e-mail account, use of the gym at faculty rates, participation in all seminars and functions in Medieval Studies, photocopy privileges, and program stationery.

Medieval Fellows will be expected to offer one lecture in his or her area of specialization when in residence and to abide by the regulations of those University facilities that s/he will utilize. Fellows will be invited to participate fully in the Center’s activities, including workshops, service as judges in graduate prize competitions, and the annual Medieval Studies Conference.

Candidates wishing to apply for Fellow status for the Fall term of 2016 or the Spring term of 2017 should submit the following to Susanne Hafner, Director of Medieval Studies, FMH 405, Fordham University, Bronx, NY 10458 (fax: 718-817-3987), by June 1, 2016:


1. A letter of application and intent to be in residence in or in the immediate proximity of New York City for the stated duration of the candidate’s request for affiliation;

2. A succinct two- to three-page, doubled-space description of the project or purpose for which the candidate is applying for status as a Fordham Medieval Fellow;

3. A current curriculum vitae;

4. Names and addresses (and email addresses) of three referees.


Inquiries may also be addressed to Dr. Hafner at medievals@fordham.edu
Announcement of awards for 2016-2017 will be in August.

May 22, 2016

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum

Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum (TIR) is an FWF-funded research project (no. P 25495) conducted at the Department for Linguistics of the University of Vienna. Funding runs from 24th June 2013 until 23rd June 2016.
In addition the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum (TIR) takes part in the project AELAW - Ancient European Languages and Writings (ISCH COST Action IS1407), supported by the European Union, active from 13th April 2015 to 12th April 2019. Further information on the AELAW-project you can find on the website of the project.
The project staff are:
The aim of the project is a comprehensive collection, display and linguistic analysis of the Raetic inscriptions in the form of an interactive online platform of the MediaWiki type. The project therefore comprises the following tasks:
  • Collecting all Raetic inscriptions hitherto known, including those of doubtful status.
  • Examining the original inscriptions, and documenting them, including photos, drawings and photogrammetry.
  • Collecting and examining the secondary literature concerning both the individual inscriptions, and Raetic language and script, archaeology, and history in general.
  • Creating a database and online interactive platform capable of displaying the inscriptions in an online corpus, with all aspects of the inscriptions (linguistic, archaeological, and graphematic data) documented exhaustively.
As of summer 2015, about a five sixths of the inscriptions have been autopsied and entered into the system. Information on the Raetic script, language and archaeology of the Raetic area is being added continuously in the form of pages for words, morphemes, phonemes and characters, and summary texts on relevant topics. For information on the structure of the system and help with navigating it, please consult How to use TIR.
Our project is a follow-up task to Lexicon Leponticum, and constitutes the next step towards a comprehensive online collection and edition of sources concerning the so-called North Italic alphabets. In the course of the project, the employment of free open-source software for the online presentation of scientific content in the humanities will be further improved and refined. The project aspires to set new standards in applying Web 2.0 tools within linguistic studies, and encourage the adoption of such collaboration and communication tools as MediaWiki for scientific purposes.

Lexicon Leponticum (LexLep)

Lexicon Leponticum (LexLep)
Image result for Lexicon Leponticum (LexLep)
by David Stifter, Martin Braun and Michela Vignoli
with the assistance of and contributions by Anna Adaktylos, Chiara Dezi, Eva Lettner, Corinna Salomon, Corinna Scheungraber and Marcel Schwarz
This site was created in the project P21706 "An interactive online etymological dictionary of Lepontic", funded by the FWFFonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung, the Austrian Science Fund. The initial funding ran from Sept. 1, 2009 until June 30, 2011. Additional funding was received in March 2012 from the Celtic Research Trust (Isle of Man), to continue work on the project for a few months during that year. In addition to the website, several articles and presentations resulted from the work during the project and after its conclusion. On behalf of Lexicon Leponticum, David Stifter takes part in the Management Committee of AELAW - Ancient European Languages and Writings, ISCH COST Action IS1407 supported by the European Union, active from April 13, 2015 to April 12, 2019. 

The website is still under construction and should be viewed and used as a beta-version. When finished, the website can be expected to host a multimedia lexicon of the remnants of Lepontic and Cisalpine Gaulish, the Celtic languages spoken in the first millennium BC in northern Italy and southern Switzerland. The heart of the lexicon are an edition of all objects bearing Lepontic and Cisalpine Gaulish inscriptions, and an etymological dictionary of the attested words.

Statistics

Pages in Category
55 Museum
121 Site
403 Object
446 Inscription
625 Word
9 Morpheme
42 Phoneme
28 Character
4 Grammar
3 General Information
645 Reference
3 Help
2384 Total

ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

Rijkoff – The Noun Phrase

Jan Rijkoff, linguist/typologist, wrote a superb monograph presenting language variation and typology of the syntax and semantics of noun phrases across a wide variety of languages.

9780198237822

  • Offers a new, semantic model of the noun phrase
  • Based on data from a representative sample of the world’s languages
  • Introduces the notion of Seinsart (‘mode of being’) and the new grammatical category of nominal aspect

Over the past week, he has been uploading individual chapters to his academia.edu page (link).

It’s worth your time.


Filed under: Books, Cognitive Linguistics, Grammar, Greek, Language, Linguistics, Semantics, Syntax, Typology

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Perseus Collection Greek and Roman Materials

Perseus Collection Greek and Roman Materials
Image result for perseus tufts

Frank Frost Abbott. Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero. (English) search this work


Achilles Tatius. Leucippe et Clitophon. Rudolf Hercher. (Greek) [Ach. Tat.] search this work


J. Adam, A. M. Adam. Commentary on Plato, Protagoras. J. Adam & A. M. Adam. (English) search this work


James Adam. The Republic of Plato. (English) search this work

Aelian.


Aeneas Tacticus. Poliorcetica. William Abbott Oldfather. (Greek) [Aen. Tact.] search this work

Aeschines.

Aeschylus.


Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge. (English) [AG] search this work


Thomas W. Allen, E. E. Sikes. Commentary on the Homeric Hymns. (English) search this work

Ammianus Marcellinus.

Andocides.

Antiphon.

Apollodorus.


Apollonius Rhodius. Argonautica. George W. Mooney. (Greek) [Apollon.] search this work

Appian.

Apuleius.


Aratus Solensis. Phaenomena. G. R. Mair. (Greek) [Arat.] search this work

Aretaeus.

Aristides, Aelius.

Aristophanes.

Aristotle.

Arrian.


Asclepiodotus. Tactica. William Abbott Oldfather. (Greek) [Ascl.] search this work

Athenaeus.


Augustine, Saint. Epistulae. Selections.. James Houston Baxter. (Latin) [August. Ep.] search this work


Caesar Augustus. Res Gestae Divi Augusti. (Latin) [Aug. Anc.] search this work


Marcus Aurelius. M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum. Jan Hendrik Leopold. (Greek) [Aur.] search this work

Ausonius, Decimus Magnus.


Georg Autenrieth. A Homeric Dictionary. (English) search this work

Bacchylides.


Barnabas. Barnabae Epistula. Kirsopp Lake. (Greek) search this work

Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea.


The Venerable Bede. Historiam ecclesiasticam gentis Anglorum. Charles Plummer. (Latin) search this work


Allen Rogers Benner. Selections from Homer's Iliad. (English) search this work

Bion of Phlossa.


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ἐν ἐφέσῳ: Thoughts and Meditations

Mark Janse , “Cappadocian Clitics and the Syntax-Morphology Interface”

Mark Janse , “Cappadocian Clitics and the Syntax-Morphology Interface.” Pages 257-281. In Themes in Greek Linguistics II. Edited by Brian D. Joseph, Geoffrey Horrocks, and Irene Philippaki-Warburton. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1998.

Mark Janse is a descriptive linguist focusing on Greek dialectology with a particular interests in dialectology, non-standard Greek dialects, and Greek historical linguistics. He is a professor in the Department of Linguistics at Ghent University in the Netherlands. Anyone interested Ancient Greek should follow his research, even if you’re limited to the Classical period or New Testament Greek. Panchronic and pandialectic approach to language study are only going to become more and more important in the coming years and Janse’s research is a solid example of how to do it right.

This particular paper presents a synchronic and descriptive account of the placement of pronominal clitics in Cappadocian Greek. All of Janse’s data comes from a collection of annotated texts from roughly a hundred years ago. In fact, when Janse wrote his article (1998), it was thought that Cappadocian was extinct. But in 2005 that Mark Janse and Dimitris Papazachariou discovered a community of speakers in Turkey. The community, though very small, is surprisingly healthy.

Cappadocian pronouns are only marked for number, as in table 1.

image

Cappadocian pronouns “float.” They either attach to the verb or they attach to some element that appears earlier in the clause. Janse argues that in order to understand the distribution of clitic pronouns, we must distinguish between syntactic constraints and discourse constraints.

The default position for Cappadocian clitics is post-verbal. But there are syntactic factors which also appear to be syntactic motivations, according to Janse. Thus the clitics are “pulled forward” by modal and negative particles, subordinating conjunctions, relative pronouns and interrogative words. He provides the following examples.

image

In (1) we have a clitic appearing pre-verbally following a negation particle, in (2) by a relative pronoun, and in (3) by a interrogative pronoun.

Janse uses the term “echo structures” for some of these. These involve the attachment of the clitic pronoun to a fronted constituent that takes argument focus.[1] The term “echo” comes from the fact that many of these follow from one of Janse’s syntactic constraints above: clauses where the interrogative pronoun attracts the clitic pronoun. This is seen in the following examples:

image

But Janse emphasizes that this phenomena is only occasional. He provides the following instances of clauses where the focal constituent does not pull the pronoun forward.

image

His conclusion is that “clitic float” is a relic of Ancient Greek where preverbal pronouns were “pulled forward” and attached to the categories because of their relationship to sentence stress in conjunction with discourse factors.

The ordering of clitic pronouns is fixed both internally and externally. Internally, first and second person clitics cannot co-occur and a first or second person clitic must order before a third person clitic, as seen below.

image

This is also the case with pre-verbal clitics, as seen in (9) through (11).

image

But while this is the general rule, there are exceptions, such as the one in example (12).

image

Cappadocian Greek, according to Janse (268), allows for a redundant clitic pronoun when there is a strong pronoun pre-verbally. This suggests that the strong pronoun functions in a cleft-like, left dislocated position that then requires a resumptive pronoun to satisfy the requirements of the clause.

Externally, as examples (6-11) also demonstrate, clitics have a preference to attach as a group. Janse notes that in rare instances that clitics can be split:

image

Janse uses such examples as evidence that templatic approaches to clitic placement do not work well for Cappadocian Greek as compared to other languages.

He concludes with the observation,

“Cappadocian clitic pronouns are far from being morphologicalized. They behave in sometimes very unpredictable ways. Their distribution is determined partly by syntactic, partly by discourse constraints. Multiple clitic pronouns cannot be described in a template framework, since their relative order is not fixe … [and they] do not necessarily cluster together. … [The] Cappadocian clitic pronouns are clitics in the traditional sense: they constitute and category sui generis, somewhere halfway between full words and affixes on the pronoun-to-affix cline” (278).

This is a striking claim, especially in light of the conclusions by Zwicky (1994) on clitics cross-linguistically, that some entities called clitics are actually affixes, whether at the word level or the phrase level and other entities are syntactically and morphologically independent, but phonologically dependent (i.e. bound words) (xix). This last linguistic entity finds an excellent parallel with the pronominal forms described by Janse here.


[1] It appears also that all of these instances of argument focus are also contrastive.


Filed under: Dialectology, Grammar, Greek, Historical Linguistics, Information Structure, Language, Linguistics, Morphology, Phonology, Semantics, Syntax

Ancient Peoples

Egyptian Beaded ArmletNew Kingdom, ca. 1550–1525 B.C. (18th...



Egyptian Beaded Armlet

New Kingdom, ca. 1550–1525 B.C. (18th Dynasty)

Gold, carnelian, lapis lazuli, blue and green glass, and faience on bronze or copper wire.

Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Tom Matrullo (Classics in Sarasota)

Boniface and Dante

As we get more deeply into the loving portrait of old Florence drawn by Cacciaguida in Paradiso 15-17, a couple of additional links to the biography of the poet have surfaced:

For whatever reason, here's a story about Boniface VIII, who according to this writer qualifies as "the worst pope in history:"
Not content with committing one mortal sin at a time, he was known for engaging in threesomes with a married woman and her daughter. If you’re keeping track, that’s three divine laws broken in a single night (adultery, incest, and breaking the vows of celibacy). Which is reprehensible or efficient, depending on your perspective. Link



And here's a snippet of another review of the new biography of Dante by Marco Santagata, a scholar from Pisa:

The central story, after all, is not the complexity of 13th- and 14th-century Italian politics. It is the extraordinary poet, with his endless ‘reflection on what he was doing’. Santagata teases out the many ways in which Dante was not merely self-obsessed, but also self-inventive. He came from relatively modest origins: his father was a moneylender. In Paradise, however, when Dante meets his crusading ancestor Cacciaguida, they both agree that Florence has been wrecked by mercantile shyster-bankers and money-men and that the world will only come to its senses when it is once again ruled by noblemen. So, though not himself an aristocrat, Dante writes as though he were one.

Scott Moore (Ancient History Ramblings)

Sunday

IMG_0472[1]P1040125So, today is the halfway point for my time in Cyprus. I have been here for two weeks and have two more to go. Today was a day off, so to speak. We used the day to show our friend David around Polis.  First, we went to the plateia and had a late breakfast – I had an omelette. We then went to the site and looked around the excavated areas, EF1, EF2, and EG0. Next, we went for a ride and looked at a few sites around the area. We stopped first at Chrysochou and looked at the church of Agios Andronikos which was a sixteenth-century church that was turned into a mosque in the seventeenth century. We then drove around the countryside and looked around and visited some neighboring villages, such as Steni. We then went to lunch and I had a healthy brunch (see below).

P1040133IMG_0475[1]

RSM


ArcheoNet BE

Oude crematies onder nieuw crematorium in Aalst

Voorafgaand aan de realisatie van een crematorium voerden archeologen van SOLVA een onderzoek uit op de Siesegemkouter in Aalst. Tijdens deze opgraving vonden de archeologen sporen uit verschillende perioden terug. Opvallend was een kuil uit de bronstijd met een grote hoeveelheid gecremeerd dierlijk bot.

De oudste vondsten zijn bewerkte vuurstenen, typisch voor het vroege en midden-mesolithicum (9500-6500 voor Chr.). De meeste sporen zijn echter te dateren in de bronstijd (2000-800 voor Chr.). Het gaat om een plattegrond van een woonhuis en 13 kuilen rondom. In verschillende van deze kuilen zijn enkele verkoolde graankorrels teruggevonden, wat er op kan wijzen dat deze kuilen als ondergrondse opslagplaatsen zijn gebruikt.

Eén van de kuilen viel op door de grote hoeveelheid gecremeerd bot. Dit bot is afkomstig van één of meerdere runderen die hier doelbewust gecremeerd zijn. Samen met het bot zijn nog verschillende aardewerkpotten en enkele weefgewichten meegegeven. Doordat het bot gecremeerd is, kunnen we uitsluiten dat het om gewoon nederzettingsafval gaat, en moeten we dit interpreteren als een intentionele depositie of offerkuil.

Dit soort rituelen geeft een inkijk in de leefwereld van de mensen van toen. Op de opgravingen van Aalst-Rozendreef en Ninove-Kapittelstraat kwamen ook rituele deposities uit de metaaltijden aan het licht. Ze worden vaak geassocieerd met het verlaten van de nederzetting.

Sarah E. Bond

I Wear My Sunglasses at the Fight? The Emperor Nero and the History of Sunglasses

 

Nero princeps gladiatorum pugnas spectabat in smaragdo.
The princeps Nero viewed the combats of the gladiators in a smaragdus.
— Pliny, Natural History, 37.16.

2006AH4998_jpg_l.jpgA pair of imperial Roman-era emerald and gold earrings now at the Victoria & Albert Museum. 

There are many fantastical stories to be found in Pliny the Elder’s Natural History. Part of the lure of this encyclopedic work is the (often misleading) conviction with which the statesman explored the objects, peoples, and places of the Mediterranean world. In book 37, Pliny discussed various precious stones valued by the Romans, particularly that of smaragdus (Gr. σμάραγδος). It is often translated as “emerald”, but was in fact a category of green stones that included but was not limited to emeralds. Emerald workers were in fact called Σμαραγταριοί after the stone, and ostraka indicate that Egyptian emerald workers even carried messages as they traded (cf. O Did. inv. 329).

 

343.jpgAn ostrakon from the “Longinus Archive” at Didymoi (77-92 CE) mentions an emerald worker (O. Did. 343 / inv. 329) Image via the IFAO.

As I have explored in earlier posts about the pearl trade, the notion of what is perceived as a “precious” stone is a social construction that can vary wildly from society to society. Roman jewelry tastes began to shift perceptibly after the acquisition of Egypt as a province at the end of the 1st century BCE, particularly because more emeralds could be found from the area that is modern day Ethiopia. The early medieval encyclopedist Isidore of Seville (16.7.1) notes that emeralds were third place in the hearts of mineral-loving Romans, who preferred the pearls and the unio (another type of pearl) before emeralds.

Like his predecessor Pliny, Isidore also mentions the fact that Nero used an emerald to watch fights, right after noting that the stone was soothing to the eyes of gem cutters. Although both literary mentions are a bit ambiguous (and certainly Isidore is known for simply blindly copying from sources such as Pliny), it is possible that Nero used a concave emerald in order to aid his nearsightedness and to take the glare off on a sunny day. Certainly we know that Roman men (particularly soldiers, farmers, and fishermen) and women wore hats in order to protect themselves from the sun, but sunglasses as such did not yet exist.

Screen Shot 2016-05-22 at 3.35.08 AM.pngA fisherman in a straw hat in a 2nd c. CE mosaic from Tunisia now in the Bardo Museum. Hats were often made either of straw or felt.

Although the citation is not definitive proof, many people have cited Nero’s “emerald” as the first sunglasses, despite the fact that it is unclear if  1. It really was a modern emerald that the emperor was using and 2. How Nero would have used it to reflect images for him. What perhaps lends some credence to the story is the fact that Nero’s tutor, Seneca, was an expert in light refraction, mirrors, and optics.

After reading earlier Greek treatises to inform his Naturales Quaestiones (‘Natural Questions’), the stoic philosopher remarked on the use of glass bowls filled with water in order to magnify small print. Certainly there was already a long history of convex lenses in the ancient world that date back to the ancient Near East (c. 2500 BCE), although arguments still abound over how they were used. Sir Arthur Evans is said to have found lenses at the palace at Knossos, and the British Museum contains the famed “Nimrud Lens” (c. 750 BCE), which is a convex lens from the area of modern-day Iraq that may or may not have been used as such.

AN00396842_001_l.jpgThe 8th c. BCE “Nimrud Lens” is now at the British Museum. Image via the British Museum.

Lenses in antiquity seem to have been predominantly rock-crystal lenses. Most were plano-convex ground for use in magnifying objects. One such lens was found in the “House of the Engraver” at Pompeii, and it has been proposed that such lenses helped engravers to achieve precision when carving gem stones or creating gold glass (a type of art I have discussed here).

Lothair_Crystal_AD_855-869_(Carolingian_Empire)The Lothair Crystal (London, BM) is an example of a rock crystal. It has eight intaglio-carved scenes (carved c. 855 CE) with the story of Susanna from the Vulgate, who was accused of incest. Image via Wikimedia. The Lothair Crystal is now at the British Museum.

Reflective surfaces used for concentrating rays for burning or those used as weapons were also quite known in Greco-Roman antiquity. The famed “death ray” mirror developed by Archimedes to catch the Roman fleet on fire in 212 BCE has indeed been shown as a feasible way to catch a ship on fire (with little cloud cover), according to an experiment performed at MIT. 

Screen Shot 2016-05-22 at 4.33.10 AMPainting by Giulio Parigi in 1600, showing Archimedes’ “death ray” (Now in the Uffizi in Florence).
08_DSL109_001.jpegThe “Bernward Cross” is now at the Hildesheim Cathedral. It uses a rock crystal to magnify the (now lost) splinter of the True Cross it once held. Image via the Hildesheim Cathedral Website. 

Although mirrors and magnifying glasses seem to have been common technology in antiquity, sunglasses do not appear to have been an ancient invention. Even the science behind what would become eyeglasses in the Western world was not fully understood until the 10th-11th century. The optical theory behind them was developed by the famed Islamic scientist Ibn al-Haytham, who was called Alhacen in the medieval West. His work on optics was translated into Latin by the 12th century, and his explanations of lenses would go on to influence Roger Bacon and many other Renaissance scientists.

In his exploration of the invention of the telescope, Rolf Willach points out that so-called “reading stones” were indeed used on reliquaries such as the “Big-Bernward Cross” (c. 1150 CE) in order to magnify splinters of the True Cross. Medieval monks began to increasingly place such stones on texts in order to magnify small print during the High Middle Ages, but spectacles were not invented until the 13th century (2010: 95-96). It is only then that optics are fully understood and the technology for grinding lenses to a proper fineness and clarity could be achieved (More info on medieval glasses here, via Erik Kwakkel). In other words, if Nero was watching the games through an emerald, it would have been pretty low resolution.

c5477-04a.jpgImage of Mark using clear eyeglasses from a 16th c. manuscript now at the British Library. Image originally found via Erik Kwakkel’s Tumblr. 

So then who did invent sunglasses? Well, tinted quartz may have been used in China in the 12th or 13th centuries, but many say that the western world lagged behind and did not get sunglasses until the 18th century. It was then that London optician James Ayscough experimented with tinted lenses. What can be emphasized here is that green is indeed the suitable color for saving one’s eyes from the sun.

Into the 19th century, green spectacles were a popular and oft-referenced device found in the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe. Clearly there may be some truth to Pliny’s story of Nero using a green stone of some sort in order to watch gladiatorial games, but I would venture to say that the emperor did not wear them as sunglasses and likely saw the games poorly through their use. Rather, Nero was more likely a nearsighted man desperate to impress and, just possibly, was trying out a secret passed onto him by his preferred jeweler or former tutor.

gentleman w-glasses retouched.jpgA painting from the De Witt museum at Colonial Williamsburg showing a man in green sunglasses (1807). Image via the Two Nerdy History Girls Blog.

ArcheoNet BE

Thinking about identities

guyhalsallOp woensdag 25 mei organiseert de vakgroep Archeologie van de Universiteit Gent een zesde en laatste lezing in een reeks rond ‘Archeologie en Theorie’. Gastspreker is prof. Guy Halsall (University of York) en zijn lezing heeft als titel ‘Thinking about identities’. Halsall focust in zijn onderzoek op West-Europa in de belangrijke periode van de transformaties rond 600 na Christus en de toepassing van continentale filosofie (vooral het werk van Jacques Derrida) op concepten als gender, etniciteit en oorlogsvoering. De presentatie wordt gevolgd door een lezing van Anastasia Rousaki, doctoraatsstudente aan de vakgroep Analytische Chemie. Afspraak om 16u in de Pirennezaal (UFO, 1e verdiep, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 35, Gent).

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM)

A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM)
http://www.univie.ac.at/tocharian/settings/skin/logo.png
The aim of our project “A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts” (CEToM) is to provide an integrated corpus of already published as well as still unpublished Tocharian texts. While the traditional editions are often lacking translations and photographs of the manuscripts, in recent years images of many fragments have been made available online, first on TITUS and later also on IDP. Likewise, many of the old editions have been digitised, on TITUS and in Gerd Carling's Thesaurus of Tocharian A (in progress), and new fragments have been edited both on TITUS and on IDP. Starting out from these existing editions, both printed and online, our aim is to provide an edition that is comprehensive, uses a unified notation, informs on the chronological layer and the script type, and adds translation, commentary, a systematic metrical analysis, and a bibliography.
In addition, the texts are analyzed grammatically and, as far as possible, the morphological characteristics of each word are determined. In this way, the text corpus is made accessible for any kind of word or grammar search. It will be possible, for instance, to search for all genitive plural forms, or for 2sg. finite verbal forms. In the Advanced Search function it will also be possible to refine a search by limiting it to archaic texts, metrical texts, texts from a certain find spot or genre etc., or a combination of these.
We expect that the combination of an electronic edition with grammatical information and a sophisticated search function will not only be useful for linguistic inquiries, but also be of essential help in the decipherment and identification of problematic unedited fragments, not the least in the course of our own edition work.
Guidelines and help

Manuscripts

Words

Bibliography

Links

Corpus Inscriptionum Phoenicarum

Corpus Inscriptionum Phoenicarum
 
Welcome to the website of the Corpus Inscriptionum Phoenicarum necnon Poenicarum (CIP), a project which collects and produces a critical edition of all the Phoenician and Punic epigraphic documents.
The CIP is a joint venture between scientists at the National Research Councils of Italy and Spain, namely the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC, with the collaboration of colleagues from other institutions.
The two headquarters of the project are the Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico (ISMA) and the Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CSIC, Madrid).

MNAMON: Antiche scritture del Mediterraneo: Guida alle risorse elettroniche

[First posted in AWOL 25 June 2010. Updated 22 Mayl 2016]

MNAMON: Antiche scritture del Mediterraneo: Guida alle risorse elettroniche - Ancient Writing Systems in the Mediterranean: a critical guide to electronic resources
http://lila.sns.it/mnamon/themes/mirko/immagini/testata.jpg
Portale delle antiche scritture del Mediterraneo (dalle origini al VI secolo d.C.)
Mnamon intende fornire informazioni su quanto di utile e di meglio si trova sul web per lo studio e la ricerca nell'ambito delle scritture antiche del Mediterraneo: archivi di documenti, centri di ricerca, strumenti bibliografici, materiali didattici.
Le informazioni sono selezionate e recensite criticamente da specialisti. Di ogni scrittura è fornita una breve presentazione che indica luoghi e tempi di attestazione, caratteristiche della scrittura e lingue che la utilizzano.
La redazione procede attraverso il lavoro individuale o di piccoli gruppi di specialisti di ogni singola scrittura ed è integrato parallelamente da una regolare attività seminariale collettiva che coinvolge tutti i collaboratori.
Il Portale è perciò rivolto a un’utenza che va dagli studenti ai ricercatori specialisti.
E’ previsto uno spazio moderato di commento e discussione per gli utenti, sia perché ci aiutino con le loro osservazioni a migliorare e aggiornare i dati, sia per favorire il contatto e la collaborazione fra gli studiosi.
Portal for Ancient Writing Systems in the Mediterranean (from the origins to the 6th century A.D.)
Mnamon provides information on the best and most useful material available on the web for the research and study of ancient writing systems in the Mediterranean: archives, research centers, bibliographies and teaching materials.
All information is selected and critically reviewed by specialists. A brief presentation of the characteristics, the places and times when documented and the languages that used each writing system are included.
Editing of the materials is carried out by individuals or small groups of specialists of each writing system, with regular seminars involving all the specialists.
Students, specialists and researchers will all find material of interest on the Portal.
We plan to add a comment and discussion area, moderated by specialists, where users can leave any comments to help us improve or update our information, and where researchers can meet and share information.

Hesperia: Banco de Datos de Lenguas Paleohispánicas

Hesperia: Banco de Datos de Lenguas Paleohispánicas 
El objetivo del Banco de Datos de Lenguas Paleohispánicas HESPERIA es la recopilación, ordenación y tratamiento de todos los materiales lingüísticos antiguos relativos a la Península Ibérica (y los relacionados con ella del sur de Francia), con la exclusión de las inscripciones latinas, griegas y fenicias.
El Banco de Datos HESPERIA incluye:
  • Todos los textos en lenguas paleohispánicas (ibérico, celtibérico, lusitano y la del Suroeste).
  • Las inscripciones monetales paleohispánicas.
  • La onomástica indígena (antropónimos, topónimos, etnónimos y teónimos de las lenguas mencionadas, así como del vascón o del turdetano) transmitida en fuentes epigráficas o literarias grecolatinas.
  • Las glosas hispánicas transmitidas por los autores antiguos.
El Banco de Datos HESPERIA de Lenguas Paleohispánicas está mantenido por un equipo de investigadores pertenecientes a la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Universidad de Zaragoza y Universitat de Barcelona, con financiación del Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad del Gobierno de España. 

The main objective of the HESPERIA Palaeohispanic Languages Data Bank is to collect, organise and process all ancient linguistic material relating to the Iberian Peninsula (and any related material in the south of France), with the exception of Latin, Greek and Phoenician inscriptions. Thus, the HESPERIA Data Bank includes every text in the Palaeohispanic languages (Iberian, Celtiberian, Lusitanian and the language of the Southwestern inscriptions), coin legends, indigenous onomastics (anthroponyms, toponyms, ethnonyms and theonyms in the aforementioned languages, as well as those of Vasconian and Turdetanian) conveyed in Greco-Latin epigraphic or literary sources and Hispanic glosses conveyed by ancient authors.  

The Archaeology News Network

'King Arthur' chapel near Glastonbury uncovered

Remains of a medieval building which, according to legend, King Arthur visited, have been uncovered for the first time in almost 50 years. Excavations at Beckery Chapel near Glastonbury aim to accurately date buildings of an early Christian chapel. Remains of the chapel were last uncovered in 1968  [Credit: South West Heritage Trust]During an open day on Sunday visitors will be able to see remains which were last excavated in...

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ArcheoNet BE

Archeologische prospectie in Zawyet Sultan: nieuwe onderzoeksresultaten

Egyptologica Vlaanderen organiseert deze week twee interessante lezingen, in Leuven (24 mei) en Gent (26 mei). Bart Vanthuyne zal er de nieuwste resultaten van de archeologische prospectie in Zawyet Sultan (Egypte) toelichten.

Zawyet Sultan, ook bekend als Zawyet el-Maiyitin of Zawyet el-Amwat, is een site in Midden-Egypte op de oostoever van de Nijl, net ten zuiden van Minya. De site kent een occupatiegeschiedenis van meer dan 5000 jaar, en dankt zijn bekendheid vooral aan het feit dat het de enige site in Midden-Egypte is waar een kleine trappenpiramide werd gebouwd op het einde van de 3de Dynastie. Ook was er een grote rotsgravennecropool uit het late Oude Rijk, die Lepsius in de 19de eeuw nog intact heeft gezien, maar die enkele jaren na zijn doortocht helaas grotendeels werd vernietigd. Er zijn ook nog resten uit het Nieuwe Rijk, waaronder die van een tempel en een gedecoreerd rotsgraf, en muren van Romeinse gebouwen. Indrukwekkend zijn de miljoenen scherven die de omvang van de oude Romeinse stad nog aangeven. Rondom de site zijn er ook omvangrijke steengroeven.

In het begin van de 20ste eeuw heeft Raymond Weill opgravingen uitgevoerd op deze site, maar helaas is daarover maar weinig gepubliceerd. Later focuste het onderzoek op enkele rotsgraven uit het late Oude Rijk en het Nieuwe Rijk. Nieuwe opgravingen werden uitgevoerd door de SCA op diverse plaatsen in 1993-1994 en een team onder leiding van Barry Kemp voerde er onderzoek uit in 1999. In 2015 startte een nieuwe surveymissie van het University College London, University Pisa en de Egyptische Oudheidkundige dienst, onder leiding van Richard Bussmann, om de resultaten van de oude publicaties te verifiëren en de occupatiegeschiedenis van de site verder te bestuderen. Voor dit laatste onderdeel werd aan Bart Vanthuyne gevraagd om het gebied uitvoerig te surveyen. In de lezing wordt de site chronologisch voorgesteld en worden de nieuwe onderzoeksresultaten besproken.

Praktisch: lezing op dinsdag 24 mei in Leuven (Mgr. Sencie-Instituut, Erasmusplein 2), en op donderdag 26 mei in Gent (Campus Economie UGent, Auditorium Julien Denduyver / lokaal VIII – toegang via Hoveniersberg).

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Trinitarian Formula?

I was asked the following on Facebook, and thought I would share it today: Hey, I have a question from those of us who have to preach on Trinity Sunday. What about the Trinitarian formula in Matthew 28? Original, later addition? Here is my response: I don’t think it is a later addition, although the [Read More...]

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

OI Open Access Publications on Persepolis

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Origin of the Samaritan Pentateuch

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Ceriani’s facsimile of Codex Ambrosianus B.21

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Compitum - publications

T. S. Berzon, Classifying Christians

9780520284265.jpg

Todd S. Berzon, Classifying Christians. Ethnography, Heresiology, and the Limits of Knowledge in Late Antiquity, Oakland, 2016.

Éditeur : University of California Press
95 $
ISBN : 9780520284265
320 pages

Classifying Christians investigates late antique Christian heresiologies as ethnographies that catalogued and detailed the origins, rituals, doctrines, and customs of the heretics in explicitly polemical and theological terms. Oscillating between ancient ethnographic evidence and contemporary ethnographic writing, Todd S. Berzon argues that late antique heresiology shares an underlying logic with classical ethnography in the ancient Mediterranean world. By providing an account of heresiological writing from the second to fifth century, Classifying Christians embeds heresiology within the historical development of imperial forms of knowledge that have shaped western culture from antiquity to the present.

 

Source : University of California Press

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Villeneuve, Nuptial Symbolism

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/-1Dv5vVBqjY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Judeo-Persian Literature

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May 21, 2016

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Britain's Portable Antiquities Heritage



I bet after two decades of Bloomsburian misinformation your MP reckons archaeology is finding things, like anyone can do with metal detectors. Now we are seeing the consequences of the negligence of UK archaeologists speaking up for the discipline. Is it too late?

José María Ciordia (Pompilo: diario esporádico de un profesor de griego)

Epoptes, iTALC y el necesario aviso legal

Ya me perdonaréis este título tan cacofónico que, según barrunto, es en el fondo un homenaje a aquellos títulos divertirrancios del cine X como El fontanero, su mujer y otras cosas de meter, que en su día tanto nos dieron de reír.

Al grano. Me piden que, en tanto que coordinador TIC, instale un programa espía, por decirlo rápidamente, en los ordenador del aula de informática de mi instituto. Dicho en fino, un programa de control de aula para, desde el ordenador maestro, monitorizar las actividades de los ordenadores cliente; que sirva también para emitir la actividad del ordenador maestro, y por tanto dar clase sin auxilio de cañón proyector, y que —ya puestos— permita tomar el control remoto del ordenador cliente, y apagarlo a distancia, o actualizar su sistema, etc.

He probado iTALC, que está disponible para Windows y Linux, pero no he sabido configurar las claves pública y privada y hacer que funcione. Por lo demás, promete ser un muy buen programa de monitorización. Finalmente he acabado instalando y configurando sin especiales problemas el estupendo Epoptes; sólo está disponible —eso sí— para Linux pero, como nosotros somos un centro serio, en el aula de informática no usamos otro sistema. De Epoptes me gusta todo, empezando por su nombre griego: ἐπόπτης, formado con el prefijo ἐπί “sobre”, la raíz ὀπ- “ojo” y el sufijo de actor -της, significa “el que mira desde arriba, supervisor”, un nombre muy apropiado. Aquí una captura de pantalla del ordenador maestro y el panorama de ordenadores cliente que despliega (también está en español, por supuesto):

Pantallazo del escritorio de Epoptes

Eso sí, el uso de este programa puede violar la intimidad de los usuarios del aula de ordenadores, si estos —como hacen muy a menudo— se ponen a escribir o a leer un correo electrónico de carácter privado durante la hora de clase. El derecho a la intimidad y al secreto de las comunicaciones es un derecho fundamental protegido por el artículo 18 de la Constitución Española de 1987; desde el punto de vista legal, ninguna tontería. Esto requiere hacer un aviso legal al alumno antes de que empiece a usar el ordenador, una única vez y para siempre. Como no he encontrado redactado este aviso, lo he escrito yo mismo, apelando nada menos que a la autoridad de la sala 4 del Tribunal Supremo de España, y lo he colocado bien a la vista en la sala de ordenadores. Lo copipego para ahorraros el trabajo de pensar, tal y como lo he impreso yo, con las mismas negritas y cursivas que aquí figuran:

Estos ordenadores son de uso educativo, no personal. Para controlar que se usan adecuamente, tienen instalado un programa espía que permite que el profesor vea en cualquier momento lo que se está haciendo con ellos. El programa no avisa al usuario de que el profesor está viendo su ordenador, ni tiene por qué hacerlo. Según sentencia del Tribunal Supremo, “si no hay derecho a utilizar el ordenador para usos personales, no habrá tampoco derecho para hacerlo en unas condiciones que impongan un respeto a la intimidad o al secreto de las comunicaciones”. Sentencia T. S. (Sala 4) de 6 de octubre de 2011. Despido disciplinario por uso del ordenador para fines propios.

No digo yo con esto que los alumnos o sus padres vayan a denunciar al profesor si no avisa, ni que las relaciones entre profesores y alumnos deban judicializarse. Pero como la escuela debe preparar para la vida real, no está de más que enseñemos con el ejemplo a hacer bien las cosas, y que aprovechemos cualquier ocasión para enseñar a los alumnos qué cosa son una obligación y un derecho, una constitución, la jurisprudencia, etc.

Χαίρετε, παίδες.

Añadido 21/5/2016. Normal que Epoptes tenga nombre griego. Sus creadores son dos informáticos griegos: Alkis Georgopoulos y Fotis Tsamis, además de un tal Vagrant Cascadian. Ωραία.

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Batman vs. Darth Vader

Short movies not made by major studios are becoming more and more impressive. What do you think of this? It is particularly interesting now that there is Batman vs. Superman (which I have yet to see).

Mary Harrsch (Roman Times)

Review: The Last Roman: Triumph

A history resource article by Mary Harrsch © 2016

The final chapters of Flavius Belisarius' life are the focus of Jack Ludlow's third and final installment in his series "The Last Roman" subtitled "Triumph".  In the second book, "The Last Roman: Honour", Flavius fights a vicious battle on two fronts as he struggles to retake the Italian peninsula for his emperor, Justinian I, while the empress Theodora, consumed with jealousy and paranoia, tries to thwart his success, both clandestinely and overtly.  Flavius, undermanned, poorly supplied and saddled with ambitious disloyal subordinates,  ends up having to resort to subterfuge to capture the Goth capital of Ravenna.  He receives an offer of the crown of the Western Roman Empire and allows the Goths to believe he is willing to accept it to obtain their surrender.  But this ruse does not go unnoticed by the treacherous Theodora and, although Flavius publicly refuses the crown that would have made him equal in rank to Justinian,  he is abruptly recalled to the imperial court in Constantinople to explain himself.

As book three opens, Flavius returns to Constantinople with the Goth treasure for the imperial coffers.  But, the imperial sycophants, fearful of the ruthless Theodora, whisper of his imminent downfall as his requests for an audience are ignored day after day.



"Not even the government officials could approach the Empress without expending much time and effort. They were treated like servants and kept waiting in a small, stuffy room for an endless time. After many days, some of them might at last be summoned, but going into her presence in great fear, they very quickly departed. They simply showed their respect by laying face down and touching the instep of each of her feet with their lips; there was no opportunity to speak or to make any request unless she told them to do so. The government officials had sunk into a slavish condition, and she was their slave-instructor." - Procopius, Anecdota

Proskynesis depicted on a Byzantine-era ivory plaque.  Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

In the streets of Constantinople, however, Flavius is openly revered and can walk among the people without a single bodyguard.  This infuriates the empress Theodora even more, since she remembers how she and Justinian nearly met a grisly fate at the hands of the mob during the Nika riots early in Justinian's reign.

Finally, Flavius is confronted by a publicly hostile Justinian. But after what appears to be a great show of imperial displeasure, Flavius is asked to attend Justinian in his private chambers.  There, Justinian's royal posturing dissolves into nervous pacing as Flavius is briefed on serious Sassanid incursions that are eating away at the eastern frontier.  Flavius realizes Justinian, who refuses to publicly cross his vicious empress, was putting on a show for her benefit, but actually needs Flavius' help and has not forgotten their friendship.

As we saw in book two, Justinian, like many of his predecessors, maintained the empire's long standing policy of averting outright war with the Sassanids by the payment of subsidies.

The Sassanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I in 224 CE, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V.   Just six years later, Ardashir's son, Shapur I begins a centuries-long cycle of Persian incursions and Roman retaliation when he raids deep into Roman territory in 230 CE.  Territory ebbs and flows between the two superpowers until Shapur finally engineers a highly advantageous peace treaty with the Roman emperor Philip the Arab in 244 CE, securing the immediate payment of 500,000 silver denarii and further annual payments.

Ghal'eh Dokhtar (or "The Maiden's Castle") in present-day Fars, Firuzabad, Iran, built by Ardashir in 209, before he was finally able to defeat the Parthian empire.  Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
The Sassanid king comes to rely upon these subsidies to pay Persian nobles to ensure their loyalty and keep him in power.  This arrangement does not last, however, when Shapur's forces, attempting to exploit past successes, advance into Asia Minor in 260 CE and suffer a catastrophic defeat at the hands of the Romans led by Marcus Claudius Ballista and their Palmyrene ally Odaenathus.  (For an exciting series about this period, check out Harry Sidebottom's "Warrior of Rome" series of novels beginning with "Fire In the East".)

But maintaining troops is expensive and eventually Rome again resorts to paying subsidies sporadically to avoid the monumental cost of engaging in a full scale war with the Sassanids.  This continues for the next 270 years.  During that time, frontier skirmishes are used as a way for Sassanid kings to periodically extort more Roman gold whenever Persian nobles once more become contentious.

During one of these restless periods, a very young Flavius Belisarius faces the armies of Kavadh I, defeating them at the famous battle of Dara in 530 CE (detailed in book two).  But ten years have passed now, and as they say, glory is fleeting.   Justinian now expects Flavius to face the forces of Kavadh's son Khosrow I, but without adequate supplies, money or Flavius' fiercely loyal bucellarii, his personally trained armored cavalry.

Gilt-Silver plate depicting King Khosrow I hunting.  Sassanid 6th century CE.  Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
Meanwhile, Theodora, not to be outwitted, sends Flavius' duplicitous wife, Antonina, Theodora's creature, east as well to keep tabs on Flavius.  Then the so-called Justinian's plague sweeps the empire.  Among the victims is the emperor himself so the troops turn to Rome's most respected general for leadership.

Ludlow's taut narrative keeps the reader immersed in the unending court intrigues and the military challenges Flavius faces as he doggedly attempts to remain loyal to an emperor that has allowed court politics to blind his once formidable administrative acumen.  Knowing that Theodora died of breast cancer at the relatively young age of 48, twenty years before Flavius and Justinian, I hoped that Flavius could at last put aside his loveless marriage originally engineered by Theodora, and enjoy at least some modicum of peace.  But, like toxic waste, Theodora's legacy of suspicion and paranoia lingers between Justinian and Flavius, a fate I felt Flavius did not deserve.  At least Justinian did not blind Flavius, as a popular medieval legend maintains, although the emperor periodically seizes Flavius' estates and allows him to be prosecuted on trumped up charges of corruption.

I realized as I finished this novel that the title did not refer to a military triumph, as I had originally assumed, but to Flavius Belisarius' triumph of maintaining his honor despite numerous imperial and personal betrayals throughout his tumultuous life. For this seemingly impossible achievement alone, I felt the Belisarius of Ludlow's novel truly earned his moniker as "The Last Roman."

A free Kindle preview:




Other suggested readings:


Ancient Peoples

Dagger-Axe (Ge)China, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600–1046...



Dagger-Axe (Ge)

China, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600–1046 B.C.) 

Bronze, width 3 in. (7.6 cm); length 10 ½ in. (26.7 cm)

Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

He has a wife you know

Short volg on the comically named Roman dagger



Short volg on the comically named Roman dagger

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

Star Trek Beyond Trailer #2

In case you haven’t seen the new trailer for Star Trek Beyond.

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

"On the enduring legacy of the Loeb Library"

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/JzlXLS78SLQ" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Anorak Pilfering of Archaeological Record in Wells


Excited tweet from Past Pocketers:
"I hear There are some amazing finds coming up today on the Southern Detectorists, Wells weekender. 2 hoards and this".
Dirty anorak man holds the loot

A 'huge' lead ingot with inscription to co-emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus was found today in Wells. No doubt they'll try and tell us it was loose in the topsoil. When with the despoiling stop?

Kristina Killgrove (Forbes)

'Bones' Season 11, Episode 16: The Strike In The Chord

A biological anthropologist reviews Season 11, Episode 16 (The Strike in the Chord) of FOX's 'Bones,' summarizing the episode and looking for errors.

Scott Moore (Ancient History Ramblings)

Saturday

IMG_0471Not much new has happened. A normal day at the apotheke yesterday working on refining some of my initial pottery reading. I also started illustrating some of the pieces we pulled for inventorying. I am still sort of slow at this, so I did not get a lot of them done. Amy brought her students out to the apotheke so I did a short talk on ceramics and how we process our ceramics at Polis. To finish the day, since the weather was nice we went to Fly Again and had pizza while we watched the sunset (see image below). Today (Saturday) was a short day since the museum is open for a shorter time on Saturday. We also left a little early so I could gas up the car since I will be driving to Larnaca to pick up Dave this evening. As for potato chips, yesterday I tried the Tsakiris Bacon and Cheese Flavoured Chips. I thought this would be a slam dunk, I like Bacon and I like Cheese, so why not the two together? I have also been putting a slice of cheese on my BLT sandwiches lately. As you can expect from this buildup, I did not like these chips at all. I am not sure what the flavour tasted like, but it was not what I expected. It did not taste like cheese or bacon, just strange….and not good. So, this will be my first very low rating for this brand – * (1).

RSM

IMG_0470


Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Journal: Forum Cultural

Forum Cultural
http://www.cimec.ro/revista-forum-cultural-botosani/top.jpg
Revista Forum cultural, editată de Direcţia Judeţeană pentru Cultură şi Patrimoniul Cultural Naţional Botoşani şi-a făcut apariţia , în mai 2001, în urma unificării fostului Inspectorat pentru Cultură şi al OficiuluiJudeţean pentru Patrimoniul Cultural naţional, rezultând o instituţie activă având ca obiectiv cunoaşterea şi ocrotirea patrimoniului cultural de pe raza judeţului Botoşani.

Fără îndoială că, dincolo de activitatea de zi cu zi a specialiştilor în vederea aplicării legilor care guvernează domeniul patrimoniului cultural, s-a simţit nevoia unei relaţii cu publicul, concretizată prin apariţia acestei publicaţii trimestriale. 


După un început modest, revista s-a diversificat în ceea ce priveşte conţinutul şi şi-a ridicat standardele, propunându-şi şi reuşind să aducă la îndemâna celor interesaţi aproape toată gama de bunuri aflate şi cunoscute de pe teritoriul judeţului Botoşani: patrimoniul arheologic, mobil, imobil precum şi referiri la muzee, colecţii şi colecţionari, note, comentarii, idei sau recenzii privind volume sau studii referitoare la acest patrimoniu cultural deosebit de bogat şi divers. 


Din păcate patrimoniul cultural a fost păgubit de-a lungul anilor, mai ales după 1989, datorită lacunelor legislative, dar şi factorilor antropici, sub imboldul speculei deşănţate a teritoriului urban sau incompetenţei şi chiar relei voinţe a unor factori administrativi sau chiar culturali. Nu lipseşte şi o Cronică a celor mai importante evenimente dintr-un judeţ cotat fiind mai ales prin moştenirea şi prezentul său cultural şi ştiinţific.


Red. coord. dr. Octavian-Liviu Şovan
   
2015 anul XV, nr. 2, iulie 2015 (55), versiunea html NOU!
  anul XV, nr. 1, ianuarie 2015 (54), versiunea html
   
2014 anul XIV, nr. 2, iunie 2014 (53), versiunea html
  anul XIV, nr. 1, martie 2014 (52), versiunea html
   
2013 anul XIII, nr. 4, decembrie 2013 (51), versiunea html
  anul XIII, nr. 3, septembrie 2013 (50), versiunea html
  anul XIII, nr. 2, aprilie 2013 (49), versiunea html
  anul XIII, nr. 1, martie 2013 (48), versiunea html
   
2012 anul XII, nr. 4, noiembrie 2012 (47), versiunea html
  anul XII, nr. 3, septembrie 2012 (46), versiunea html
  anul XII, nr. 2, iunie 2012 (45), versiunea html
  anul XII, nr. 1, februarie 2012 (44), versiunea html
 
2011 anul XI, nr. 4, noiembrie 2011 (43), versiunea html
  anul XI, nr. 3, septembrie 2011 (42), versiunea html
  anul XI, nr. 2, iunie 2011 (41), versiunea html
  anul XI, nr. 1, martie 2011 (40), versiunea html
   
2010 anul X, nr. 4, decembrie 2010 (39), versiunea html
  anul X, nr. 3, septembrie 2010 (38), versiunea html
  anul X, nr. 2, iunie 2010 (37), versiunea html
  anul X, nr. 1, martie 2010 (36), versiunea html
   
2009 anul IX, nr. 4, decembrie 2009 (35), versiunea html
  anul IX, nr. 3, septembrie 2009 (34), versiunea html
  anul IX, nr. 2, iunie 2009 (33), versiunea html
  anul IX, nr. 1, martie 2009 (32), versiunea html
   
2008 anul VIII, nr. 4, decembrie 2008 (31), versiunea html
  anul VIII, nr. 3, septembrie 2008 (30), versiunea html
  anul VIII, nr. 2, iunie 2008 (29), versiunea html
  anul VIII, nr. 1, martie 2008 (28), versiunea html
   
2007 anul VII, nr. 4, decembrie 2007 (27), versiunea html
  anul VII, nr. 3, septembrie 2007 (26), versiunea html
  anul VII, nr, 2, iunie 2007 (25), versiunea html
  anul VII, nr. 1, martie 2007 (24), versiunea html
   
2006 anul VI, nr. 4, decembrie 2006 (23), versiunea html
  anul VI, nr. 3, septembrie 2006 (22), versiunea html
  anul VI, nr. 2, mai 2006 (21), versiunea html
  anul VI, nr. 1, martie 2006 (20), versiunea html
   
2005 anul V, nr. 4, decembrie 2005 (19), versiunea html
  anul V, nr. 3, septembrie 2005 (18), versiunea html
  anul V, nr. 2, iunie 2005, (17), versiunea html
  anul V, nr. 1, martie 2005 (16), versiunea html
   
2004 anul IV, nr. 4, decembrie 2004 (15), versiunea html
  anul IV, nr. 3, septembrie 2004 (14), versiunea html
  anul IV, nr. 2, iunie 2004 (13), versiunea html
  anul IV, nr. 1, martie 2004 (12), versiunea html
   
2003
anul III, nr. 4, decembrie 2003 (11), versiunea html
 
anul III, nr. 3, martie 2003 (10), versiunea html
 
anul III, nr. 2, iunie 2003 (9), versiunea html
 
anul III, nr. 1, martie 2003 (8), versiunea html
   
2002
anul II, nr. 4, decembrie 2002 (7), versiunea html
 
anul II, nr. 3, septembrie 2002 (6), versiunea html
 
anul II, nr. 2, iunie 2002 (5) versiunea html
 
anul II, nr. 1, martie 2002 (4) versiunea html
   
2001
anul I, nr. 3, noiembrie 2001 (3) versiunea html
 
anul I, nr. 2, septembrie 2001, (2), versiunea html
 
anul I, nr. 1, mai 2001, (1), versiunea html
   

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

The Bible and Star Wars

On Cindy Brandt's Unfundamentalist Parenting blog, there is a great guest post by John Stonecypher describing the challenges that confront those who were brought up to view the Bible as one thing, only to discover it is something else. Loving Star Wars, and passing on that love with all its complexity, helped provide a useful [Read More...]

Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

'Arel

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Pt0IXFdSDhY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Hallam, Basics of Classical Syriac

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/kL5o8k5RxIE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

BAJS 2016 reminder

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/UtPdPN7WrOg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Clivaz et al. (eds.), Ancient Worlds in Digital Culture

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/obTLVPSzBJ0" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

He has a wife you know

Priapus: the original garden gnome?

hehasawifeyouknow:

In 1847 Sir Charles Isham journeyed back from Germany, ever the eccentric Sir Charles returned with 21 smaller friends. These small figures were all the rage in Germany and had evolved from small wooden statues of figures that the Italians had called Gobbi two centuries earlier. The garden gnome had arrived.

It wasn’t until the 1930s that the term ‘gnome’ entered usage in England and after the Second World War their popularity grew and they entered the cultural cycle of chic, kitsch and retro. But was there something else to these diminutive garden helpers? Perhaps that cheeky beard-framed grin might be concealing a secret, and a rather large one at that.

image

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Compitum - publications

C. Damon, Caesar. Civil War

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Cynthia Damon (éd.), Caesar. Civil War, Cambridge [MA]-Londres, 2016.

Éditeur : Harvard University Press
Collection : Loeb Classical Library
450 pages
ISBN : 9780674997035
26 $

 

Caesar (C. Iulius, 102–44 BC), statesman and soldier, defied the dictator Sulla; served in the Mithridatic wars and in Spain; entered Roman politics as a “democrat” against the senatorial government; was the real leader of the coalition with Pompey and Crassus; conquered all Gaul for Rome; attacked Britain twice; was forced into civil war; became master of the Roman world; and achieved wide-reaching reforms until his murder. We have his books of commentarii (notes): eight on his wars in Gaul from 58–52 BC, including the two expeditions to Britain in 55–54, and three on the civil war of 49–48. They are records of his own campaigns (with occasional digressions) in vigorous, direct, clear, unemotional style and in the third person, the account of the civil war being somewhat more impassioned.

This edition of the Civil War replaces the earlier Loeb Classical Library edition by A. G. Peskett (1914) with new text, translation, introduction, and bibliography. In the Loeb Classical Library edition of Caesar, Volume I is his Gallic War; Volume III consists of Alexandrian War, African War, and Spanish War, commonly ascribed to Caesar by our manuscripts but of uncertain authorship.

Lire la suite...

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

2016.05.29: La diplomatie romaine sous la République: réflexions sur une pratique. Actes des rencontres de Paris, 21-22 juin 2013, et Genève, 31 octobre-1er novembre 2013. Institut des sciences et techniques de l'Antiquité

Review of Barthélémy Grass, Ghislaine Stouder, La diplomatie romaine sous la République: réflexions sur une pratique. Actes des rencontres de Paris, 21-22 juin 2013, et Genève, 31 octobre-1er novembre 2013. Institut des sciences et techniques de l'Antiquité. Besançon: 2015. Pp. 217. €18.00 (pb). ISBN 9782848675015.

2016.05.28: The Platonic Art of Philosophy

Review of George Boys-Stones, Dimitri El Murr, Christopher Gill, The Platonic Art of Philosophy. Cambridge; New York: 2013. Pp. x, 341. $99.00. ISBN 9781107038981.

BiblePlaces Blog

Weekend Roundup

Archaeologists working at Jerash (biblical Gerasa) have discovered part of a life-size statue of Aphrodite.

“American and Egyptian archaeologists have discovered a rare structure called a nilometer in the ruins of the ancient city of Thmuis in Egypt’s Delta region.” It was built in the 3rd century BC and used for 1,000 years.

British archaeologists have identified the remains of a 16- to 18-week-old mummified fetus that was found in Giza nearly 100 years ago.

The Antiquities Ministry of Egypt has completed a project to lower the groundwater at the Edfu Temple.

A plan has been approved that will remove all the mines around the traditional area of John’s baptisms on the Jordan River.

Haaretz (premium) visits the site of Tell el-Ajjul, once a prosperous Canaanite city south of Gaza but today at risk of complete destruction.

“Those who trust in the Lord are as Mount Zion which cannot be moved but abides forever” (Psalm 125:1). Wayne Stiles uses photos to explain what this means today.

Two archaeology students have crowdsourced images to create a VR reconstruction of the Mosul museum. The article includes a cool YouTube 360 video.

The Palestinian Museum opened this week in Bir Zeit, but it has no exhibits.

The enforcement of a new antiquities law is making it harder for black market antiquities to be sold in Israel.

Israel will be returning two Bronze Age wooden anthropoid sarcophagus lids found by IAA agents in an Old City dealer’s shop.

Of 28 Egyptian obelisks standing today, only 6 are in Egypt. That's one of many interesting facts about obelisks in a WSJ article that is based on a book by Bob Brier entitled Cleopatra’s Needles.

Allison Meier reviews the new exhibition in NYC, “Gods and Mortals at Olympus: Ancient Dion, City of Zeus.” The article includes many photos.

Charles Jones has recently updated the list of titles in JSTOR which focus on Antiquity. It now includes 243 titles.

Dubgallu is a new forum for scholars of the ancient Near East. Registration is free, and open to anyone who academically studies the ancient Near East.

There’s a sale on for various electronic editions of the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary, Old and New Testaments Logos, Accordance, and Olive Tree.

The Atlas of Palestinian Rural Heritage looks interesting. Some themes covered: Tilling - Harvesting - Moving the Harvest - Threshing - Sifting - Grinding - Making Dough - Baking Bread - Cooking - Making Grape Syrup - Sesame Oil - Olives and Olive Oil - Storage - Bard - Domestic Birds - Honeybee Farming - Milk - Shepherd - Washing - Water - Gathering Rainwater.

If you have a passion for biblical geography, perhaps you would consider supporting Seth Rodriquez to go to Zimbabwe to teach future pastors about the land of Israel. This is a great opportunity to help others learn about what we love.

I’ll be traveling for a few weeks and the regular roundups will resume when I return.

HT: Agade, Joseph Lauer, Steven Anderson

Old City from west, db6605212212

On this day 50 years ago, David Bivin took this photo while standing on the edge of no man’s land looking toward the Old City of Jerusalem, then occupied by Jordan. Photo from Views That Have Vanished.

Laura Gibbs (Bestiaria Latina Blog)

Latin Proverbs and Fables Round-Up: May 20

Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. If you are a Pinterest user, you might enjoy following the Bestiaria Latina at Pinterest, and there is also a LatinLOLCat Board.

HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem tertium decimum Kalendas Iunias.

MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Achilles and Penthesilea; you can also see the legends for the current week listed together here.


TODAY'S MOTTOES and PROVERBS:

TINY PROVERBS: Today's tiny proverb is: Domus optima (English: Home is best).

3-WORD MOTTOES: Today's 3-word verb-less motto is Scite, citissime, certe (English: Skillfully, swiftly, and surely).

ANIMAL PROVERBS: Today's animal proverb is Ulula cum lupis, cum quibus esse cupis (English: Howl with the wolves if you want to be one of them).

POLYDORUS: Today's proverb from Polydorus is: Requiesce, comede, bibe, epulare (English: Rest, eat, drink, party!).

PROPER NAME PROVERBS: Today's proper name proverb from Erasmus is Magis sibi placet, quam Peleus in machaera (English: He is more pleased with himself than Peleus with his sword; from Adagia 2.8.26 - The gods had bestowed on Peleus a marvelous sword forged by Vulcan himself).

GREEK PROVERBS: Today's proverb is Μὴ πῦρ ἐπὶ πῦρ (English: Don't add fire to the fire).

BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Via Mortis. Click here for a full-sized view. I'm sharing these with English translations at Google+ now too.


And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:



Quantum potes, tantum aude.
Dare to do as much as you can do.

Dulcior est fructus post multa pericula ductus.
Sweeter is the fruit obtained after many dangers.

TODAY'S FABLES:

FABULAE FACILES: The fable from the Fabulae Faciles widget is Castor et Venator, the story of the beaver's self-sacrifice (this fable has a vocabulary list).

MILLE FABULAE: The fable from the Mille Fabulae et Una widget is Leo Furens et Caprea, in which the goat laments how dangerous lions can be... and see the proverb below for more about lions!

Leo Mente Captus et Caprea

GreekLOLz - and Latin and English, too. Below is one of my GreekLOLz; for the individual Greek, Latin and English versions of the graphic, see the blog post: Ἐκ τῶν ὀνύχων τὸν λέοντα. Ex unguibus leonem. You know the lion by its claws.


May 20, 2016

The Heroic Age

Call For Papers: SEMA 2016
Oct. 6-8, 2016 - UT Knoxville
Session Title: "Holy Sites: The Place of Saints in the Anglo-Saxon Church"
This session seeks papers addressing issues of place and space in the study of saints' cults, hagiography, or art and material culture in the Anglo-Saxon church, understood both as a cultural and historical institution and in terms of the concrete, physical spaces of church buildings. We are especially interested in papers which look at saints in Anglo-Saxon England from interdisciplinary perspectives, dealing with issues of the transmission of saints' cults and relics across spaces, or considering the importance of place in the enshrinement of saints, both physically in reliquaries, churches, or landscapes, and metaphorically in works of Anglo-Saxon literature and art.
Send 100-word abstract and contact information to organizer Shannon Godlove at godlove_shannon@columbusstate.edu by May 30, 2016!

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Mysterious Mass Graves Hold Prisoners of Bloody 17th-Century Battle

Three years ago, archaeologists at Durham University began excavating a site on campus for a...

Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron (Tulliana News)

SIAC Newsletter 108 (11/2016)

Les noms des membres de la SIAC sont en gras. – I nomi dei membri della SIAC sono in grassetto. – Names of SIAC members are written with bold characters.

I. ACTIVITES DE LA SIAC / ATTIVITÀ DELLA SIAC / SIAC ACTIVITIES

2 – A VENIR & INFORMATIONS / PROSSIME INIZIATIVE & INFORMAZIONI / FORTHCOMING & INFORMATION

– L’Italia Fenice, con la collaborazione della Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron come partner e garante scientifico, indìce una procedura comparativa, per soli titoli, finalizzata al conferimento di una borsa di studio per studiose/i di età non superiore ai 35 anni in possesso di PhD avente come argomento di ricerca La fortuna di Cicerone dal XIV al XVIII secolo. Per maggiori informazioni: LINK

Italia Fenice, in partnership with the Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron, invites post-doctoral scholars aged 35 and under to submit applications for a grant to be awarded for research into The reception of Cicero from the 14th to 18th century. For further information: LINK

L’Italia Fenice, avec la collaboration de la Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron comme partenaire et garant scientifique, annonce l’ouverture d’un concours pour l’attribution d’une bourse de recherche destinée à des chercheurs de 35 ans au plus, titulaires d’un doctorat, travaillant sur La renaissance de Cicéron du XIVè au XVIIIè siècle. Pour plus d’information: LIEN

II. CICERONIANA

1 – PUBLICATIONS / PUBBLICAZIONI / PUBLICATIONS

De Paolis, Paolo (a cura di), Cicerone nella cultura antica. Atti del VII Simposio Ciceroniano (Arpino, 8 maggio 2015), Cassino, Università degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale, Dipartimento di Lettere e Filosofia, 2016: Paolo De Paolis, Introduzione; Maria Luisa Delvigo, Questioni d’affari. Modalità epistolari in Cicerone e Seneca; Fabio Gasti, Aspetti della presenza di Cicerone nella tarda antichità latina; Caterina Mordeglia, I Synonyma Ciceronis. Storia di una falsa attribuzione e aggiornamenti critici. LINK

Raschieri, Amedeo Alessandro, rec. di Jonathan Zarecki, Cicero’s Ideal Statesman in Theory and Practice, London, Bloomsbury, 2014, “Anabases”, 23, 2016, 337-339. LINK

2 – A VENIR & INFORMATIONS / PROSSIME INIZIATIVE & INFORMAZIONI / FORTHCOMING & INFORMATION

– Elenco di tutti i vincitori del XXXVI Certamen Ciceronianum Arpinas. PREMI: 1) Mariachiara Arminio – Liceo Scientifico “A. Calini”- Brescia; 2) Roberto D’Andrea – Liceo Classico “La Farina – Basile” – Messina; 3) Jules Culot – Sint-Jan Berchmanscollege – Brussel (Belgio); 4) Katharina Weiten – Ludwigsgymnasium Saarbruch – Saarbruch (Germania); 5) Andrea Butruce – Liceo “G. Valerio Catullo” – Monterotondo (RM); 6) Iulia Malaspina – Liceo Classico “V. Alfieri” – Torino; 7) Thomas Von Kaenel – Gymnase Cantonal de la Cité – Lausanne (Svizzera); 8) Daniel Eckert – Wilhelmsgymnasium Schulpavillon – Monaco (Germania); 9) Tomasz Bankowski – VII Liceum Ogòlnoksztalcace K. K. Baczynsk – Wroclaw (Polonia); 10) Ràhel Gloviczki – pianista Gimnazium es Kollegium – Va’c (Ungheria). MENZIONI: 1) Maria Chiara Battiato – Liceo “G. Valerio Catullo” – Monterotondo (RM); 2) Ceylan Karadas – Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium – Willich (Germania); 3) G. Stefana Radu – Collegio Nazionale “Gheorghe Vranceanu” – Bacau (Romania); 4) Diletta Nannini – Liceo Classico “T. Tasso” – Roma. LINK

– La revue “Vita Latina”, qui paraît tous les ans en janvier, est ouverte, pour ses prochains numéros, à des contributions sur tout thème concernant la recherche en études anciennes (littérature, histoire, philologie, archéologie, philosophie, religion, mythologie, arts, architecture dans le monde latin), des origines à l’Antiquité tardive, avec une spécificité pour les auteurs aux programmes des Agrégations de Lettres ou de Philosophie. Les articles peuvent être rédigés non seulement en français mais aussi, lorsque c’est la langue de travail de l’auteur, en allemand, anglais, espagnol ou italien. Ils doivent être adressés à la rédaction au plus tard le 30 septembre 2016. Pour plus d’information : LIEN

Ermanno Malaspina, Las emociones en el pensamiento romano, con especial referencia a Cicerón y a Séneca, Buenos Aires, 17.-18. May 2016. LINK

– Convegno Nomos basileus. La regalità del diritto in Grecia antica, Verona, 19-20 maggio 2016. Luca Fezzi, Legum … omnes servi sumus ut liberi esse possimus: modelli greci nella massima ciceroniana? LINK

Aristotle 2400 Years, Thessaloniki, 23-28 May 2016. Panagiotes Kontonasios, The Audience in Aristotle’s Rhetoric and in Cicero’s De oratore; Pietro Li Causi, The Omnivore’s Dilemma. The case of pamphagia between Aristotle and Plutarch. LINK

III. ACTIVITES DES MEMBRES / ATTIVITÀ DEI MEMBRI / MEMBERS’ ACTIVITIES

1 – PUBLICATIONS / PUBBLICAZIONI / PUBLICATIONS

Alesse, Francesca, L’errore deliberativo secondo Aristotele, “Rivista di Storia della Filosofia”, 2015/4, 695-716. LINK

Arcidiacono, Carmen, rec. di Giovanni Salanitro, Scritti di filologia greca e latina, “Res Publica Litterarum”, 37, 2014 [2016]. LINK

Audano, Sergio, rev. of Domenico Lovascio, Un nome; mille volti: Giulio Cesare nel teatro inglese della prima età moderna, Roma, Carocci, 2015, “Bryn Mawr Classical Review”, 2016.05.11. LINK

Berno, Francesca Romana, La verità è finzione. Un percorso verso la felicità, fra Lucrezio e Seneca, in A. Camerotto, F. Pontani (a cura di), Nuda Veritas. Da Omero a Orson Wells, Milano, Mimesis, 2016, 129-147. LINK

– Chiaradonna, Riccardo (a cura di), Storia della filosofia antica, vol. 4, Dalla filosofia imperiale al tardo antico, Roma, Carocci, 2016: Francesca Alesse, Lo stoicismo imperiale; Emidio Spinelli, Sesto Empirico. LINK

Guillaumont, François, Proclus, Jean le Lydien et le mythe de Tagès, dans Bruno Poulle (éd.), L’Etrusca disciplina au Ve siècle apr. J.-C. La divination dans le monde étrusco-italique, X, Besançon, Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2016, 61-73. LIEN

Oniga, Renato, Le riscritture dell’Anfitrione di Plauto dal Medioevo all’età contemporanea, in Giovanni Cipriani & Tiziana Ragno (a cura di), Tra passato & presente. Atti del Convegno di Studi (Foggia, 26-27 maggio 2015), Campobasso-Foggia, Edizioni Il Castello, 2016, 179-204. LINK

Spinelli, Emidio, Senza teodicea: critiche epicuree e argomentazioni pirroniane, in Dino De Sanctis, Emidio Spinelli, Mauro Tulli & Francesco Verde (ed.), Questioni epicuree, St. Augustin bei Bonn, Academia Verlag, 2015, 213-234. LINK

Tixi, Mariella, Il “cum historicum”: un’arma non convenzionale dello schieramento cesariano. Dall’analisi linguistica all’interpretazione di un costrutto caratteristico della sintassi del De bello Gallico, Genova, Ledizioni, 2015. LINK

2 – A VENIR & INFORMATIONS / PROSSIME INIZIATIVE & INFORMAZIONI / FORTHCOMING & INFORMATION

– Colloque Étude de la littérarité dans le domaine latin de l’Antiquité à la Renaissance, Angers, 19 Mai 2016. Hélène Casanova-Robin (Paris IV), La littérarité à l’épreuve du didactique dans la poésie de G. Pontano (1429-1503). LINK

Paris-Pise 2016. Recherches doctorales en littérature grecque et latine, Paris, 26-28 mai 2016. Georgios Vassiliades, L’année 146 av. J.-C comme le début de la décadence chez Salluste : entre tradition et innovation. LIEN

[Last updated on May 20th, 2016.]


Filed under: Newsletter

Mary Beard (A Don's Life)

Good news for culture in the small print of the Queen's Speech

Syr

The headlines of the Queen's Speech have been rather dreary, and in truth one can only feel sorry for the dear old Queen for having to read the "limp" thing out. But beyond the headlines, and not much reported, has been some good news for cultural property.

Things have actually been moving in this area under this government, I have to admit (much as it is not my cup of tea). Last year they launched a £30 million "cultural protection fund" for initiatives to support the protection and restoration of cultural heritage threatened in war zones. OK it's a pity it's necessary, and maybe too little too late; but it is better than nothing.

Beyond that, the plans for the forthcoming parliament include formally ratifying the Hague Convention on Cultural Property in armed conflict, first agreed in 1954, plus two later protocols. We signed up to the original agreement, but we never went the whole hog in ratifying it through parliament.

Distinctive_marking_of_cultural_property_in_Austria-from_Flickr_141273020-768x1024

This will mean some quite important changes -- including making it an offence to deal in cultural property illegally exported from a war zone (which is what we suspect is happening right now to material from Syria), and the formal recognition of the "Blue Shield" sign for property to be protected in war. We shouldn't imagine that this is a total solution, but it has to be better than nothing. And we shouldn't feel too "holier than thou", as the UK over the last hundred years has done its fair share in the destruction of cultural property (that's partly why the Hague Convention was drawn up)

But it's still good that someone has got this onto the parliamentary agenda. Perhaps it really is a priority of the Minister of Culture. But my guess is that there a load of seriously well-intentioned civil servants at the DCMS who have kept this issue in the parliamentary sight. And all power to their arm.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Society for Classical Studies Annual Meeting Sessions on Professional Issues in the Field

Society for Classical Studies Annual Meeting Sessions on Professional Issues in the Field
Home
Several sessions at recent annual meetings have dealt with major professional issues in the field of Classics.  Below you will find links to texts of papers presented, audio recordings of the talks, or supplementary materials to the presentations. The titles of the sessions are as follows:

2016 Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California

Presidential Panel
‘The Spring from the Year’: Contingent Faculty and the Future of Classics
John Marincola, Organizer

[Click on the name of the speaker to see the text of his or her talk.  Click on the title to hear an audio file of each talk and the discussion period.]
John Marincola, Florida State University
Introduction: The New Faculty Majority
  1. Eleanor Dickey, University of Reading
    Is There Anything I Can Do? How Individual Academics Can Make A Difference
  1. John Paul Christy, American Council of Learned Societies
    “So Happy a Versatility”: The Uses of Advanced Training in the Humanities
  1. Stephanie Budin, University of Oregon
    What You Do unto the Least of These: Adjuncts and Painful Trends in Higher Education
  1. C. W. Marshall, University of British Columbia
    Reclaiming the Landscape
Questions and Discussion
Session #40
The Future of Classical Education: A Dialogue
Organized by the SCS Program Committee

Joy Connolly, New York University, Presider
  1. Arlene Holmes-Henderson, University of Oxford
    Classical Education in the UK: Boom or Bust?
    [Link Forthcoming]
       2.  Mary Pendergraft, Wake Forest University
            Trends in Teaching the Classics to Undergraduates
      3.   Kathleen M. Coleman, Harvard University
            Nondum Arabes Seresque rogant
: Classics Looks East

       4.  Nigel Nicholson, Reed College
            A Liberal Art for the Future


2013 Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington

Session 54
Alternative Employment for PhDs and Advanced Graduate Students in Classical Studies/Archaeology
Organized by the APA/AIA Joint Placement Committee

Mike Lippman, University of Arizona, David S. Potter, University of Michigan, Betsey A. Robinson, Vanderbilt University, Organizers


2012 Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Presidential Panel
Images for Classicists

Kathleen M. Coleman, Harvard University, Presider
- See more at: https://classicalstudies.org/annual-meeting/annual-meeting-sessions-professional-issues-field#sthash.jCCrvtih.dpuf

Archaeological News on Tumblr

Ancient 'Mad Libs' Papyri Contain Evil Spells of Sex and Subjugation

Ancient, magical spells of love, subjugation and sex: It may sound like a “Game of...

Archaeology Magazine

Columbus letter returnedWASHINGTON, D.C.—In 1493, after his initial voyage, Christopher Columbus wrote a letter to his patrons, Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, which was reprinted and distributed to spread information about the New World. According to a report in Live Science, a joint American-Italian investigation team has determined that one of the 80 surviving copies of the letter, donated to the Library of Congress, had been stolen from the Riccardiana Library in Florence, Italy, where a forgery had been left in its place. The forged document, in addition to having mismatched stitching, lacked an original Riccardiana Library stamp. Investigators also found that bleach had been used to remove the Riccardiana Library’s stamp from the letter in the Library of Congress. “We are humbled to return this historic document back to its home country,” U.S. Attorney for the District of Delaware Charles M. Oberly III said in a statement. How the theft took place is still under investigation. To read about a forensic study of a map Columbus is believed to have consulted, go to "Reading the Invisible Ink." 

Cambodia Angkor kilnsPHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA—According to The Cambodia Daily, Phon Kaseka, director of archaeology at the Royal Academy of Cambodia, is leading the excavation of one of 69 known kiln sites near Cheung Ek Lake that produced water jugs, cooking pots, vases, boxes, and ritual objects. During the wet season, this kiln would have been close to the edge of the lake, where boats could have picked up the pots for distribution throughout the Angkorian Empire. The earliest kilns in the area are thought to date to the fifth century. The kiln currently under excavation may date to between the eighth and thirteenth centuries. After the thirteenth century, local production is thought to have tapered off. Fewer than ten of the 69 kiln sites are intact, but economic development in the area will soon destroy all of them. “What we don’t know about, and what has probably been largely destroyed through development by now, is about inhabitants in the Phnom Penh area during the Angkorian period,” commented Miriam Stark of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. To read more, go to "Letter From Cambodia: Storied Landscape."

San Antonio Mission NailsSAN ANTONIO, TEXAS—City archaeologist Kay Hindes says that there were two missions before the Alamo, which was built by Spanish missionaries in 1724. “There were three locations of Mission San Antonio de Valero,” she said in a News 4 San Antonio report. The first site dates to 1718 and was only in use for about a year. Scholars aren’t sure why the mission was moved to the second location, but when a hurricane hit the region in 1724, the mission moved to the current site of the Alamo. Hindes has recovered pottery, beads, and nails at what she thinks was the mission’s first location. “I looked down and started seeing the metal and I literally, really, I just had to sit down on the ground because I was like ‘This is too incredible,’” she said. To read more about the archaeology of the Southwest, go to "Searching for the Comanche Empire."

Peter Tompa (Cultural Property Observer)

Italy Squanders 150 Million Euros in Grant Money

More evidence, if any were needed, that MOU's won't cure  what really ails places like Italy.

Charles Ellwood Jones (AWOL: The Ancient World Online)

Open Access Monograph Series: Hellenic Studies Series

Hellenic Studies Series
Cover Acosta-Hughes thumbnailAcosta-Hughes, Benjamin, Elizabeth Kosmetatou, and Manuel Baumbach, editors, Labored in Papyrus Leaves: Perspectives on an Epigram Collection Attributed to Posidippus (P.Mil.Vogl. VIII 309)Online edition of Hellenic Studies 2, originally published in 2004 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverBakker, Egbert J.,
Pointing at the Past: From Formula to Performance in Homeric Poetics.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 12, originally published in 2005 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Bazzaz thumbnailBazzaz, Sahar, Yota Batsaki, and Dimiter Angelov, editors,
Imperial Geographies in Byzantine and Ottoman Space.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 56, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Beck thumbnailBeck, Deborah,Homeric Conversation. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 14, originally published 2005 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Bergren thumbnailBergren, Ann,Weaving Truth: Essays on Literature and the Female in Greek Thought. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 19, originally published in 2008 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverBers, Victor,Genos Dikanikon: Amateur and Professional Speech in the Courtrooms of Classical AthensOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 33, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverBierl, Anton,Ritual and Performativity: The Chorus in Old Comedy. Translated by Alexander Hollmann. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 20, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverBird, Graeme D.,
Multitextuality in the Homeric Iliad: The Witness of Ptolemaic Papyri
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 43, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverBonifazi, Anna,
Homer's Versicolored Fabric: The Evocative Power of Ancient Greek Epic Wordmaking
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 50, originally published in 2012 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover PAGDBonifazi, Anna, Annemieke Drummen, Mark de Kreij,
Particles in Ancient Greek Discourse: Five Volumes Exploring Particle Use Across Genres.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 74, digitally published in 2016 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. These volumes are not currently available in print.
Cover Calame thumbnailCalame, Claude,Poetic and Performative Memory in Ancient Greece: Heroic Reference and Ritual Gestures in Time and Space. Translated by Harlan Patton. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 18, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Cameron thumbnailCameron, Averil,Dialoguing in Late AntiquityOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 65, originally published in 2014 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover CapraCapra, Andrea,Plato's Four Muses: The Phaedrus and the Poetics of PhilosophyOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 67, originally published in 2015 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Cavafy thumbnailCavafy, C.P.,The Canon: The Original One Hundred and Fifty-Four Poems, translated into English by Stratis Haviaras, with the original Greek on facing pages. Foreword by Seamus Heaney. Hellenic Studies 27, published 2007 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Clay thumbnailClay, Diskin,
Archilochos Heros: The Cult of Poets in the Greek Polis
.
Hellenic Studies 6, published 2004 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Currently unavailable for purchase.
Cover Collins thumbnailCollins, Derek, Master of the Game: Competition and Performance in Greek Poetry. Hellenic Studies 7, published 2005 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverCompton, Todd M.,Victim of the Muses: Poet as Scapegoat, Warrior and Hero in Greco-Roman and Indo-European Myth and HistoryOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 11, originally published in 2006 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Acosta-Hughes thumbnailDavies, Malcolm,The Theban EpicsOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 69, originally published in 2015 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverDetienne, Marcel,Comparative Anthropology of Ancient GreeceOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 17, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Dignas thumbnailDignas, Beate, and Kai Trampedach, editors, Practitioners of the Divine: Greek Priests and Religious Officials from Homer to Heliodorus. Hellenic Studies 30, published 2008 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Dontas thumbnailDontas, Nikos and Kleopatra Ferla, editors,Priene. Second edition. Hellenic Studies 5, published 2006 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverDué, Casey, editor, Recapturing a Homeric Legacy:Images and Insignts from the Venetus A Manuscript of the IliadPDF download of Hellenic Studies 35, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Click here to download. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverDué, Casey, and Mary Ebbott,Iliad 10 and the Poetics of Ambush: A Multitext Edition with Essays and Commentary. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 39, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverFrame, Douglas,Hippota NestorOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 37, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverFranklin, John Curtis,Kinyras: The Divine LyreOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 70, originally published in 2016 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Funke thumbnailFunke, Peter, and Nino Luraghi, editors,The Politics of Ethnicity and the Crisis of the Peloponnesian League. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 32, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverGarcia, Lorenzo F., Jr.,
Homeric Durability: Telling Time in the Iliad
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 58, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Giesecke thumbnailGiesecke, Annette, The Epic City: Urbanism, Utopia, and the Garden in Ancient Greece and Rome. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 21, originally published in 2007 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverGonzález, José M.,
The Epic Rhapsode and His Craft: Homeric Performance in a Diachronic Perspective.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 47, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Greene thumbnailGreene, Ellen, and Marilyn Skinner, editors,The New Sappho on Old Age: Textual and Philosophical Issues. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 38, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Hitch thumbnailHitch, Sarah,King of Sacrifice: Ritual and Royal Authority in the Iliad. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 25, originally published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverHollmann, Alexander,
The Master of Signs: Signs and the Interpretation of Signs in Herodotus' Histories
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 48, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Click here to read online. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
jacob_coverJacob, Christian,
The Web of Athenaeus. Translated by Arietta Papaconstantinou and edited by Scott Fitzgerald Johnson. 
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 61, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Click here to read online. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Johnson thumbnailJohnson, Aaron, and Jeremy Schott, editors,
Eusebius of Caesarea: Tradition and Innovations.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 60, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover JohnsonJohnson, Scott F.,The Life and Miracles of Thekla: A Literary Study. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 13, originally published in 2006 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Kalvesmaki thumbnailKalvesmaki, Joel,
The Theology of Arithmetic: Number Symbolism in Platonism and Early Christianity.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 59, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Lesher thumbnailLesher, James, Debra Nails, and Frisbee Sheffield, editors,Plato's Symposium: Issues in Interpretation and Reception. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 22, originally published in 2007 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover LevanioukLevaniouk, Olga,
Eve of the Festival: Making Myth in Odyssey 19.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 46, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Luraghi thumbnailLuraghi, Nino and Susan E. Alcock, editors, Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 4, originally published in 2003 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Marks coverMarks, J.,Zeus in the OdysseyOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 31, originally published in 2008 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Munson thumbnailMunson, Rosaria Vignolo,Black Doves Speak: Herodotus and the Languages of Barbarians. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 9, originally published in 2005 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
HtC CoverNagy, Gregory,Homer the ClassicThis 2008 "born digital" text is an online edition of Hellenic Studies 36, published in 2009 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
HtC CoverNagy, Gregory,Masterpieces of Metonymy: From Ancient Greek Times to NowThis 2015 "born digital" text is an online edition of Hellenic Studies 72, forthcoming in print December 2015 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
PR CoverNagy, Gregory,Plato's Rhapsody and Homer's Music: The Poetics of the Panathenaic Festival in Classical Athens. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 1, originally published in 2002 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverOlson, Ryan Scott,Tragedy, Authority, and Trickery: The Poetics of Embedded Letters in JosephusOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 42, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Papadogiannakis thumbnailPapadogiannakis, Yannis,
Christianity and Hellenism in the Fifth-Century Greek East: Theodoret's Apologetics against the Greeks in Context.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 49, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Papadopoulou thumbnailPapadopoulou, Ioanna, and Leonard Muellner, editors,
Poetry as Initiation: The Center for Hellenic Studies Symposium on the Derveni Papyrus.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 63, originally published in 2014 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Acosta-Hughes thumbnailParmegianni, Giovanni,Between Thucydides and Polybius: The Golden Age of Greek Historiography.Online edition of Hellenic Studies 64, originally published in 2014 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Pathak thumbnailPathak, Shubha,
Divine Yet Human Epics: Reflections of Poetic Rulers from Ancient Greece and India.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 62, originally published in 2014 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Pepper thumbnailPepper, Timothy, editor,
A Californian Hymn to Homer.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 41, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverPetropoulos, J. C. B.,
Kleos in a Minor Key: The Homeric Education of a Little Prince
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 45, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverPower, Timothy,
The Culture of Kitharôidia
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 15, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Roilos thumbnailRoilos, Panagiotis,Amphoteroglossia: A Poetics of the Twelfth Century Medieval Greek Novel. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 10, originally published in 2006 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Sandridge coverSandridge, Norman B.,
Loving Humanity, Learning, and Being Honored: The Foundations of Leadership in Xenophon's Education of Cyrus.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 55, originally published in 2012 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Scholtz thumbnailScholtz, Andrew, Concordia discors: Eros and Dialogue in Classical Athenian Literature. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 24, originally published 2007 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover SchurSchur, David,Plato's Wayward Path: Literary Form and the RepublicOnline edition of Hellenic Studies 66, originally published in 2015 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Schwartz thumbnailSchwartz, Daniel L.,
Paideia and Cult: Christian Initiation in Theodore of Mopsuestia.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 57, originally published in 2013 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Shayegan thumbnailShayegan, M. Rahim,
Aspects of History and Epic in Ancient Iran: From Gaumāta to Wahnām.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 52, originally published in 2012 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverSlatkin, Laura,
The Power of Thetis and Selected Essays
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 16, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Bakker coverTell, Håkan,
Plato's Counterfeit Sophists.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 44, originally published in 2011 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover Tsagalis-spaceTsagalis, Christos,
From Listeners to Viewers: Space in the Iliad.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 53, originally published in 2012 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover TsagalisTsagalis, Christos,The Oral Palimpsest: Exploring Intertextuality in the Homeric Epics. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 29, originally published in 2008 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Tzifopoulos coverTzifopoulos, Yannis,Paradise Earned: The Bacchic-Orphic Gold Lamellae of Crete. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 23, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase via Harvard University Press.
Cover WarehWareh, Tarik,
The Theory and Practice of Life: Isocrates and the Philosophers.
Online edition of Hellenic Studies 54, originally published 2012 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover WellsWells, James Bradley,Pindar's Verbal Art: An Ethnographic Study of Epinician Style. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 40, originally published in 2010 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover YatromanolakisYatromanolakis, Dimitrios,Sappho in the Making: The Early Reception. Online edition of Hellenic Studies 28, originally published in 2008 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.
Cover Yatromanolakis thumbnailYatromanolakis, Dimitrios and Panagiotis Roilos, editors,Greek Ritual Poetics. Hellenic Studies 3, published 2005 by the Center for Hellenic Studies. Copyright, Center for Hellenic Studies. Available for purchase in print via Harvard University Press.

And see AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

Ancient Peoples

Eared daggerLuristan, Iran, ca. 1100 B.C. Bronze, 37 cm long...





Eared dagger

Luristan, Iran, ca. 1100 B.C.

Bronze, 37 cm long (14 in)

Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Archaeology News Network

Choeung Ek dig unearths Angkor-era kiln

In the cluttered backyard of an unassuming stilted house just down the road from the Killing Fields on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, archaeologists are digging up a relic of the country’s historical high point: a kiln that once furnished stoneware pottery across the Angkorian empire. A worker excavates an Angkor-era kiln near Cheung Ek lake  [Credit: Ben Paviour/The Cambodia Daily]The excavation is the latest effort by Phon...

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Works launched to restore Jesus' tomb in Jerusalem

Christian officials have launched historic restoration work at the Tomb of Jesus inside the Church of Holy Sepulchre, site where tradition holds Jesus was crucified, buried and resurrected. Church of the Holy Sepulchre [Credit: WikiCommons]The works are the first in almost two centuries that will focus on repairing, reinforcing and conserving the structure. Pilgrims will be able to continue visiting the site while the work is...

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Stegosaurus bite strength revealed

The first detailed study of a Stegosaurus skull shows that the dinosaur had a stronger bite than suspected, enabling it to eat a wider range of plants than other plant-eating dinosaurs with similarly shaped skulls. 1901 life restoration of S. ungulatus by Charles R. Knight with paired dorsal plates and eight tail spikes  [Credit: Public Domain]A team of scientists from Bristol, London, Manchester and University of Birmingham...

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59 sculptures from pre-war Berlin collection found in Moscow

Nearly 60 sculptures that belonged to Berlin's museums before World War II have been found at Moscow's Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts. Mino da Fiesole, Portrait of a Young Woman (around 1472, state before 1945) [Credit: © Archiv SBM.  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Skulpturensammlung und Museum  für Byzantinische Kunst]The Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, which oversees Berlin's state...

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From Stone to Screen

Archaeology for Brownies!

Our latest post is written by one of our faculty advisors, Dr. Lisa Cooper, who recently took our teaching collection to an entirely new audience… Brownies! Not the delicious dessert, we’re talking Girl Guides here! We’re absolutely delighted that she’s passing on our shared love of the ancient world and…

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The post Archaeology for Brownies! appeared first on From Stone to Screen.

The Archaeology News Network

'Canaries' of the ocean highlight threat to world's ecosystems

Fifty-nine finfish species have 'disappeared' from fishermen's catches in the world's most species rich and vulnerable marine region, new research has shown. Bumphead Parrotfish Bolbometopon muricatum [Credit: Klaus Stiefel/Creative Commons]In the largest study of its kind, experts from Newcastle University, UK, have highlighted the impact that uncontrolled fishing in particular is having on coral reefs. Drawing on the knowledge of...

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Painted Medieval church walls discovered in Northern Sudan

The largest group of paintings from the turn of the 8th/9th century has been discovered in Sudan by the mission of the Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw. Interior of the Church of Archangel Raphael in Dongola [Credit: M. Rekłajtis, archives of the Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw]The discovery was made during excavations inside the Church of Raphael in the royal complex in...

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AIA Fieldnotes

"God's Acre: Archaeo-Historic Insites into African American Graveyards", presented by Dr. Lynn Rainville of Sweet Briar College

Sponsoring Institution/Organization: 
Sponsored by Richmond Society, AIA, University of Richmond, Department of Classical Studies
Event Type (you may select more than one): 
nad
lecture
Start Date: 
Thursday, October 13, 2016 - 6:00pm

Location

AIA Society: 
Name: 
Art Cassanos
Telephone: 
804-359-8109
Call for Papers: 
no

The Archaeology News Network

Han-dynasty burial site unearthed in Hunan Province

This time a large set of ancient tombs dating back to the Han Dynasty, in central China's Hunan Province. Archaeologists have so far found 48 brick-chambered tombs and over 10 earthen tombs [Credit: CCTV]Archaeologists have so far found 48 brick-chambered tombs and over 10 earthen tombs. They have also dug out more than 150 burial objects, including iron swords, copper coins, and pottery. It's estimated more than 100 tombs are at the...

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Bust of Hannibal on display at Bardo in Tunis

The most important and well-known bust of Hannibal, considered the most reliable portrait of the famous Carthaginian military commander, will go on display at the Bardo Museum from May 27 through June 30 in an exhibition titled Hannibal in Carthage. The marble bust of Hannibal, originally found at the ancient city-state  of Capua in Italy [Credut: ANSA]The bust is on loan from Rome's Quirinal Palace, as part of a cultural...

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Jim Davila (Paleojudaica.com)

Howe and Müller (eds.), Folly and Violence in the Court of Alexander ...

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/jx2QUQ-fPx8" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Geniza Fragments 71

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/0yq-azNCeLk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Porter and Yoon (eds.), Paul and Gnosis

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/KCrlPufSqLE" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

The Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha

<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Ol4zUpQv60w" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

Hurtado on messiahship and divine sonship

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The Archaeology News Network

Mexican paleontologists recover most of mammoth skeleton from Pleistocene era

Paleontologists have managed to recover much of the skeleton of a mammoth discovered last December in the central Mexican municipality of Tultepec, the National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, said. The mammoth skeleton was discovered last December in the central Mexican municipality of Tultepec  [Credit: Mauricio Marat, INAH]Paleontologist Luis Cordoba Barradas, who is heading up the recovery effort, said the...

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Shedding light on the 'dark matter' of the genome

What used to be dismissed by many as "junk DNA" is back with a vengeance as growing data points to the importance of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) -- genome's messages that do not code for proteins -- in development and disease. But our progress in understanding these molecules has been slow because of the lack of technologies that allow the systematic mapping of their functions. A plot of human RNA-RNA interactions detected by LIGR-Seq...

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

IIC 2016 Training Programme: Analisi non distruttive per la conservazione del patrimonio culturale

L'International Institute for Conservation (IIC) all'interno dell'International Training Centre for Conservation (IIC-ITCC) promuove, facendo seguito al successo del programma formativo dello scorso anno, il programma di formazione 2016 sul tema delle analisi non distruttive per la conservazione del patrimonio culturale.

The Archaeology News Network

Rapid rise of the Mesozoic sea dragons

In the Mesozoic, the time of the dinosaurs, from 252 to 66 million years ago, marine reptiles such as ichthyosaurs and plesiosaurs were top predators in the oceans. But their origins and early rise to dominance have been somewhat mysterious. Duria Antiquior - a more ancient Dorset. Watercolour by geologist Henry De la Beche, painted in 1830.  The scene depicts an ancient marine ecosystem dominated by reptiles, inspired by the...

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Archeomatica: Tecnologie per i Beni Culturali

Turismo 2.0 - Per una generazione di startup

Turismo 2.0 - Per una generazione di startup è un programma di BIC Lazio finalizzato alla nascita di startup innovative nei settori della promozione e valorizzazione dei territori. Attraverso un percorso di progettazione e sperimentazione, team imprenditoriali e startup svilupperanno il proprio business nei settori della promozione e valorizzazione del patrimonio turistico e culturale. Il percorso si avvarrà delle testimonianze di imprenditori ed operatori di eccellenza.

Classical Association Blog

The end of the Reading Competition season

by Barbara Finney

Spring generally marks the end of the Reading Competitions that are organised by Classical Association branches for local schools. This year the climax was the pilot Classics Competition run by the Lytham St. Anne’s Branch (a branch that is only in its second year of existence but drawing in considerable support).  Four schools agreed to hold heats and forward a finalist to an evening event.  Students were set the task of producing a 15 minute Powerpoint presentation on the topic “What interests you about the Ancient World?” Participation was open to any student whether they studied a classical subject or not.  The finalists included a Year 10 boy who held forth with immense confidence on “Ancient Science and Maths”, a girl from Blackpool Sixth Form College who presented her understanding of “The Importance of Oracles in the Ancient Greek World” and two sixth form boys who spoke respectively about “Mathematics: Theorems, Paradoxes and Discoveries” and “The Fall of the Roman Empire”. No one in the audience envied the judge, Dr Katharine Earnshaw of Exeter University, as she balanced the merits of four diverse and excellent presentations. The winner was Ross Kinnaird of Runshaw College, whose masterly analysis of the end of the Roman Empire was delivered with aplomb and humour.

Ten other CA branches organise Reading Competitions on an annual basis, mainly keeping to the tried and tested format of Junior/Senior classes for reading or reciting a set Latin or Greek passage, where the emphasis is very much on correct pronunciation as well as understanding.  The Southampton branch also hosts a Minimus competition where groups of pupils, often in costume, present playlets.  Parents are encouraged to attend and booklets are distributed that feature the Latin text plus English translation.  The Leeds and District branch this year expanded their repertoire with dramatic dialogues. Bristol host a Latin play competition and Guildford now hold a Certamen (Latin/Classics competition) event each summer in addition to their traditional Reading Competition. All these events are hard work for the organisers but vital for keeping alive the languages and offering inter-school cooperation. The CA generously covers the costs of the prizes (book tokens, medals, certificates).

If any branch is interested in starting up or expanding the remit of a competition, please get in touch with me (barbara@finney41.fsnet.co.uk) so that I can provide more detail than is included in this blogpost.

Barbara Finney is the Classical Association’s Branches Secretary.

The Classical Association has a number of affiliated organisations, or ‘branches’, to whom it awards funding to support Classics in local areas.  For details of your local CA branch, visit the website.

 

James F. McGrath (Exploring Our Matrix)

What Comes From God

Rachel Held Evans wrote on Facebook, and gave me permission to quote it: I confess. Sometimes I need reminding it doesn’t go like this: “Dear friends, let us be right, for being right comes from God. Everyone who is right has been born of God and knows God. Whoever is wrong does not know God [Read More...]

Farrago

Locative Roma-i

The form was restored on a sword, excavated in 2003, discussed by PhDiva and Gary Devore, but is explicit on the Cista Ficoroni (text at Clauss-Slaby).

Herodotus and Muhammad Ali Jinnah on the ingredients of (an) ethnic identity

Herodotus, famously, says (that the Athenians said...):

Πολλά τε γὰρ καὶ μεγάλα ἐστὶ τὰ διακωλύοντα ταῦτα μὴ ποιέειν μηδ’ ἢν ἐθέλωμεν· πρῶτα μὲν καὶ μέγιστα τῶν θεῶν τὰ ἀγάλματα καὶ τὰ οἰκήματα ἐμπεπρησμένα τε
καὶ συγκεχωσμένα, τοῖσι ἡμέας ἀναγκαίως ἔχει τιμωρέειν ἐς τὰ μέγιστα μᾶλλον ἤ περ ὁμολογέειν τῷ ταῦτα ἐργασαμένῳ· αὖτις δὲ τὸ Ἑλληνικόν, ἐὸν ὅμαιμόν τε καὶ ὁμόγλωσσον, καὶ θεῶν ἱδρύματά τε κοινὰ καὶ θυσίαι ἤθεά τε ὁμότροπα, τῶν προδότας γενέσθαι Ἀθηναίους οὐκ ἂν εὖ ἔχοι.
8.144.2

Muhammad Ali Jinnah's reply (17 September 1944) to Gandhi’s contention (15 September 1944); “I find no parallel in history for a body of converts and their descendants claiming to be a nation apart from the parent stock":

"We maintain and hold that Muslims and Hindus are two major nations by any definition or test of a nation. We are a nation of a hundred million people, and, what is more, we are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of value and proportion, legal laws and moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions – in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all canons of international law we are a nation."

Architecture gets another mention in this speech of December 1946.

Compitum - publications

J. Haldon, The Empire That Would Not Die. The Paradox of Eastern Roman Survival, 640–740

9780674088771-lg.jpg

John Haldon, The Empire That Would Not Die. The Paradox of Eastern Roman Survival, 640–740, Cambridge [MA], 2016.

Éditeur : Harvard University Press
Collection : Carl Newell Jackson Lectures
432 pages
ISBN : 9780674088771
45 $

The eastern Roman Empire was the largest state in western Eurasia in the sixth century. Only a century later, it was a fraction of its former size. Surrounded by enemies, ravaged by warfare and disease, the empire seemed destined to collapse. Yet it did not die. In this holistic analysis, John Haldon elucidates the factors that allowed the eastern Roman Empire to survive against all odds into the eighth century.

By 700 CE the empire had lost three-quarters of its territory to the Islamic caliphate. But the rugged geography of its remaining territories in Anatolia and the Aegean was strategically advantageous, preventing enemies from permanently occupying imperial towns and cities while leaving them vulnerable to Roman counterattacks. The more the empire shrank, the more it became centered around the capital of Constantinople, whose ability to withstand siege after siege proved decisive. Changes in climate also played a role, permitting shifts in agricultural production that benefitted the imperial economy.

At the same time, the crisis confronting the empire forced the imperial court, the provincial ruling classes, and the church closer together. State and church together embodied a sacralized empire that held the emperor, not the patriarch, as Christendom's symbolic head. Despite its territorial losses, the empire suffered no serious political rupture. What remained became the heartland of a medieval Christian Roman state, with a powerful political theology that predicted the emperor would eventually prevail against God's enemies and establish Orthodox Christianity's world dominion.

 

Lire la suite...

Elginism

Palmyra triumphal arch replica erected in London’s Trafalgar square - A scale model of the monument destroyed by ISIS has been recreated using 3D printing

Oxford’s Institute of Digital Archaeology has constructed a replica of the triumphal arch at Palmyra. The arch was destroyed deliberately by ISIS forces. The replica was constructed in Italy using Egyptian Marble using 3D printing and photos of the original.

Replica of Palmyra's triumphal arch being installed in Trafalgar Square

Replica of Palmyra’s triumphal arch being installed in Trafalgar Square

From:
CNN

Palmyra’s ancient Triumphal Arch resurrected in London’s Trafalgar Square
By Sophie Eastaugh, for CNN
Updated 1504 GMT (2304 HKT) April 19, 2016

London (CNN)A replica of a 2,000-year-old Syrian monument demolished by ISIS militants has been built and unveiled in London’s Trafalgar Square.

The scale model of Palmyra’s Triumphal Arch, which was destroyed in an act captured on an ISIS video, has been reconstructed using 3-D printing technology and photographs of the original. The new structure was built in Italy using Egyptian marble before being shipped to London.

It was constructed by experts from Oxford’s Institute of Digital Archeology (IDA) as an act of solidarity with Syria to raise awareness of the fight to safeguard its ancient treasures.

Syria’s top antiquities official, Dr. Maamoun Abdulkarim, was in London to watch the arch being installed. He told CNN that “Palmyra is not for the Syrian people, it’s for all the people in the world.”

“Do not leave us alone through this war, it’s enough. We are very tired after five years. As archaeologists working in Syria, we’ve saved 99 museum collections, but we were alone all the time. What we need now is the international community to move to help us, through solidarity, feeling and technical help,” Abdulkarim said.

He’s been working for the last four years to empty Syria’s museums of priceless cultural artifacts and hide them in secret locations safe from ISIS.

Abdulkarim told CNN it was a “double happiness” to see the arch unveiled after the liberation of Palmyra three weeks ago, something he “never thought would happen” when the model’s construction began.

Weighing nearly 11 tons and standing roughly 20 feet tall, the replica arch is two-thirds of the original’s size.

It was financed and created by the IDA, a joint project between Oxford and Harvard universities and Dubai’s Museum of the Future.

IDA Director Roger Michel said the reconstruction of violently destroyed treasures serves a crucially important social value.

“Monuments, as embodiments of history, religion, art and science, are significant and complex repositories of cultural narratives,” he explained. “No one should consider for one second giving terrorists the power to delete such objects from our collective cultural record.”

The homage was unveiled by London Mayor Boris Johnson Tuesday and will remain in Trafalgar Square for three days before traveling to Dubai and New York for public display.

“Daesh (ISIS) and other terrorist organizations seek to destroy democracy and obliterate history through the appalling acts of terrorism and murder they commit around the world,” Johnson said. “Antiquities like this belong to all mankind and it is imperative that we all strive to safeguard our common heritage.”

Abdulkarim said that after its tour, the arch will be placed in the square of Palmyra’s modern city where his colleague, Kalid al-Asa’ad, was beheaded by ISIS last August after he refused to reveal the location of hidden artifacts.

“It’s a message and gift to the Syrian people,” said Abdulkarim. “We can never have the same image we had before IS, but we need to do the best work we can to show the maximum through restoration.”

Next month, London’s Victoria & Albert museum will open an exhibition exploring the threats facing global heritage sites and how the production of replicas can aid in their preservation. Entitled ‘A World of Fragile Parts’, it is the museum’s first collaboration with the Venice Biennale.

The V&A’s director Martin Roth told CNN there is a delicate balance between harnessing digital technologies and remaining faithful to original techniques.

“Replicas are a phenomenon of our age and are rapidly transforming attitudes towards authenticity; the possibilities that 3D technologies are opening up are truly fascinating,” he said.

“However, the abilities we have also pose challenging questions. Which has a greater authenticity; an arch recreated in precise and perfect detail by a robotic arm, or an arch reconstructed using the same artisanal techniques as the original? I am certain that this debate will shape the museums of our future.”

The post Palmyra triumphal arch replica erected in London’s Trafalgar square appeared first on Elginism.

USA returns stolen artefacts to Russia - 28 official documents stolen in the 1990s were handed over at a ceremony in Moscow

Twenty eight documents, including Imperial Decrees dating back to the eighteenth century were stolen from three federal Russian archives during the 1990s. Since 2006, they have appeared at auctions in the US and been seized under the instructions of the US department of Homeland Security, although Russia had not at that point realised they were missing.

They have now been handed back to Russia in a ceremony at the house of the US Ambassador in Moscow.

Ceremony at home of US Ambassador to Russia, for handover of recovered looted documents

Ceremony at home of US Ambassador to Russia, for handover of recovered looted documents

From:
Russia Today

Historic homecoming: US returns stolen artifacts to Russia
Published time: 3 Mar, 2016 20:10

American authorities returned 28 crucial historical documents dating back to the 18th-20th centuries to the Russian government on Thursday in an official ceremony held at the residence of the US Ambassador in Moscow.

Among them are imperial decrees signed by several Russian emperors, Joseph Stalin’s mandates and several works of art. The documents include 10 authentic imperial decrees concerning the royal household and gratuities, signed by Russian emperors from Peter the Great to Pavel the First, an original decree to the People’s Commissar of Defense of the USSR signed by Joseph Stalin (dating March 14, 1944) and 17 drawings made by architect Yakov Chernikhov, a prominent representative of Soviet constructivism, that date back to the first half of the 20th century.

The most exciting part of the story was the actual acquisition of the documents. The historical valuables were stolen from three federal Russian archives in the 1990s and appeared at auctions, art galleries and private collections in the US, with the archives not even aware that some of them were missing. They were recovered by Department of Homeland Security officials during investigations carried out between 2006 and 2012.

The imperial decrees were – for the most part – reported missing by the Russian Ministry of Culture in 2011 after being stolen in 1994 from the Russian State Historical Archive by the infamous Vladimir Fainberg group. Apart from the now repatriated documents, Vladimir Fainberg, a collector of antiques, along with his accomplices stole and transported abroad some 700 unique autographs of Russian emperors which had an auction price of $24 mn. The thief fled Russia and has been living in Israel since 1996, with Russian authorities’ efforts to secure his extradition having been futile.

One of the decrees, signed by Peter the Great, was recovered by an officer of the Department of Homeland Security officer at a private art gallery in New Hampshire, after it became clear that the person who turned the document in to the gallery failed to present any warrant of its acquisition. American officials then contacted the Russian Culture Ministry, inquiring whether the document was missing. It turned out that Russia had not been aware of it, and ordered a special review of archives, which showed that the decree was replaced with a fake copy, while the original had actually been stolen.

Normally, in such cases as these American investigators act in response to requests from the Russian Culture Ministry. Yet, regarding Yakov Chernikhov’s works, it was the architect’s grandson who made an official complaint that the works had gone missing and had been, he believed, illegally transported to the United States. It took US authorities six years to locate and confiscate the valuables, with the agents of the Department of Homeland Security working under cover to ascertain that the works in question were genuine. They mainly related to architectural projects, many of which were used during the construction of Soviet industrial and railway buildings. They had been stolen in 2003-2006 from the Russian State Literature and Art Archive in Moscow and later seized by US authorities at an American antiques market.

William Stevens, spokesman for the US Embassy in Moscow, told Russia’s Kommersant newspaper that political rifts haven’t hurt practical ties between the two countries. “Russian officials often complain about the U.S.’s extraterritorial implementation of its law, but in this case it is the US that is implementing Russian laws on its territory,” – Stevens told the newspaper. “The Russian government presented us with information stating that certain valuables were illegally taken out of their country and brought into ours and we have helped them return the stolen property.”

The official ceremony was conducted by the US Ambassador to Russia John Tefft. The ceremony was attended by representatives of the US Department of Homeland Security and Russia’s Culture Ministry, history experts and prominent cultural figures, with some 160 journalists covering the historic event.

Thursday’s event is the sixth of its kind in recent years. Starting from 2007 American officials have returned over 150 artifacts stolen from Russia in the 1990s. The previous ceremony was held on June 13, 2013., when eight archival documents that had been stolen from the Russian archives and illegally brought to the US were returned home by the former U.S. Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul.

The post USA returns stolen artefacts to Russia appeared first on Elginism.

The Archaeology News Network

Extraterrestrial oceans: Beneath the surface

Icy objects in our solar system have large oceans under their surfaces and here life could evolve and flourish. So says a new thesis by Jesper Lindkvist, PhD student at the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and Umeå University. The thesis will be defended on Tuesday 31 May at the Swedish Institute of Space Physics in Kiruna, Sweden. The inside of Jupiter's moon Callisto [Credit: NASA/JPL]There has long been speculation as to whether...

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Faintest early-universe galaxy ever, detected and confirmed

An international team of scientists has detected and confirmed the faintest early-Universe galaxy ever using the W. M. Keck Observatory on the summit on Maunakea, Hawaii. In addition to using the world’s most powerful telescope, the team relied on gravitational lensing to see the incredibly faint object born just after the Big Bang. The results are being published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters today. Colour image of the cluster...

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Bill Caraher (The New Archaeology of the Mediterranean World)

Working at Polis

For the last week or so, I’ve been working with Scott Moore and Brandon Olson at Polis-Chrysochous on Cyprus. This is a ongoing publication project focused on the study of the Hellenistic and later material. We started our work in the area around the South Basilica (or E.F2 in Polis lingo), and Brandon Olson continues to work on the Hellenistic material from there. 

Scott Moore and I have shifted our attention from E.F2 to a small excavated area around E.F1. Over the last week, we’ve read most of the pottery from the area and unpacked the stratigraphy as best we can. Now, we’re working on writing up the phases and commenting on the function of the area.

IMG 4644

This work has yielded some intriguing results.

First, we’re beginning to define certain horizons across the area and seem to have at least two phases of Late Antique activities at the site. One is earlier, perhaps dating to the 5th century, and the other seems to date to late 6th and early 7th century, and both are defined by ceramic assemblages. We also have an earlier 1st c. BC/1st c. AD horizon across the site and Brandon is working to put together an assemblage of Early Hellenistic material. (What is particularly cool about these early Hellenistic assemblages is that they link our material from Polis to some of our excavated assemblages from Pyla-Koutsopetria on the eastern part of the island.) We hope these assemblages both inform how we understand the site of Polis, but also how we understand these periods across the island as a whole.

IMG 4645

Secondly, so far the areas we have studied at Polis have shown signs of industrial activity ranging from ceramic production to iron work. EF1 has a rather expansive and clearly defined level filled with iron slag. We also found an usually large number of pithoi (storage vessels), a few amphora stands, and a funnel which also may have industrial functions. We hope that our work will not only help us date the slag and various utilitarian ceramics as well as slowly piece together the history of settlement in this section of the city.

15 Aug 1989 E F1 r05 pdf 1 page

Finally, the area of E.F1 showed several phases of architectural activity which begins at bedrock. With any luck we’ll be able to unpack these architectural phases to understand the shape of this room and hallway at various times in its history. The site is small, the assemblages manageable, and the problems seem relatively minor, but part of the fun of archaeology is that everything seems to make sense before you try to write it down.

As someone with very uneven archaeological experience consisting of several years of survey, a few seasons of excavation, and some weeks in storerooms looking at pottery and notebooks, projects like Polis help me learn to think more systematically as an archaeologist. Going through past notebooks, scrutinizing ceramics and building schematic diagrams of horizontal and vertical relationships has helped me learn to understand how excavation produces knowledge. I may never be a good or “real” archaeologist, but I hope that working through the site of E.F1 (and E.F2) and taking a few weeks a year to immerse myself in the complexities of spatial relationship, chronology, artifact typologies, and ancient actives will help me be better able to understand archaeological evidence when it’s deployed in the service of historical arguments.


Paul Barford (Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues)

Portable Antiquities: "Money for the Bad Guys"?


 Worldview  'Owning Global Heritage: A Look Into The Antiquities Market ('Can We Shut Down The Trade Of Illegal Antiquities?') May 17, 2016
The illegal antiquities trade is flourishing around the world, including in the U.S. and Europe. But a project at the University of Chicago’s Neubauer Collegium for Culture and Society is bringing together stakeholders like government officials; academics; museum leaders; and antiquities dealers to monitor and combat the illegal antiquities market. We talk about the “Past for Sale” project and an upcoming Chicago conference with Dr. Fiona Rose-Greenland, an archaeologist at the University of Chicago and research director of the ‘Past for Sale’ project. Joining her is Molly Morse Limmer, founder and principal at 2050 Art Services, Inc., and former V.P. and department head of Antiquities at Christie's-Chicago.
Dr. Rose-Greenland from the University of Chicago is principal investigator in the MANTIS project (which I discussed here). It's a bit of an unequal dialogue, she's talking sense here. Molly Morse Limmer is in denial and basically trots out the same trite banalities as most supporters of the trade. But it's quite a good interview. Listen here (the impatient might like to skip forward 28 seconds) 

Rose Fiona Rose-Greenland and Molly Morse Limmer

Archaeology Magazine

canine cancer routesCAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND—A genetic study of a sexually transmitted canine cancer, led by Elizabeth Murchison of the University of Cambridge, has offered clues to how dogs may have traveled around the world with their humans. (The disease is believed to have originated in a single dog some 11,000 years ago.) Scientists analyzed the DNA of 449 nine tumors taken from modern dogs in 39 countries. BBC News reports that at least five times over the history of the disease, mitochondrial DNA from the tumor was traded with its host, creating five major ancestral groups for the tumors that exist today. Additional mutations allowed the scientists to trace the tumor’s family tree. “We were able to estimate the time since the mitochondrial transfer events, by counting the number of mutations. And one of them really seems to just track around maritime trade routes, in the last few hundred years. We found it along the coast of West Africa, in the Cape Verde Islands, Brazil, South Africa, India, and some parts of southern Europe. You can just imagine those dogs on boats, which must have taken that tumor around with them,” Murchison said. To read about dogs in the archaeological record, go to "More Than Man's Best Friend."

Scott Moore (Ancient History Ramblings)

P1040091

P1040087Not a lot to report today. We are into our standard routine, get up, go to the apotheke, look at pottery, eat lunch, look at more pottery, dinner. We looked at a few more units from EF1, but have really finished the initial analysis of the material. We did run across this piece today, which is clearly some type of funnel, but I have never seen one like it before. I like finding unusual pieces, but it is also a problem. Even though the piece of pottery is unusual, since I am a ceramicist, everyone expects me to know what it is – and when I say, I have no idea, the looks on people’s faces are like (at least in my view or maybe just in my mind) – “Aren’t you supposed to know?” Anway, if you know what type of funnel this is, please let me know without letting anybody at Polis know you told me. Oh, and it is not a medieval sugar funnel.

P1040088P1040089

P1040091Today’s chip – Tsakiris Chips with vinegar flavour. I am used to salt and vingear, but not just vinegar. As with all Tsakiris chips – nice packaging, great crunch. I like vinegar, and so was expecting a bit stronger vinegar flavor from these chips. They were very mild, with a hint of vinegar. I liked them, but would like a bit more flavor to them. So – ****** (6). So far the Tsakiris chips have been doing well, and I have found 5 more flavors to test, including a ketchup and mustard flavor. And if you need something to listen to, Bill and Richard have posted their Season Finale of Caraheard Season 2.

RSM


Insula: Le blog de la Bibliothèque des Sciences de l'Antiquité (Lille 3)

Jérôme : un érudit modèle ?

« Jerome : a model scholar ? » est un texte de Christa Gray, publié en mars 2015 sur le blog de l’éditeur Oxford university Press : « OUPblog ». La traduction française inédite publiée sur « Insula » est réalisée par Noémie Krol, étudiante en deuxième année du Master « Traduction Spécialisée Multilingue » – TSM, de l’Université Lille 3.

Contrairement aux autres billets publiés par « Insula », les traductions issues de « OUPblog » ne sont pas publiées sous une licence en libre accès.

Saint Jérôme dans son étude de Dürer (1514) - Crédits Wikimedia Commons« Saint Jérôme dans son étude » : gravure de Dürer (1514) – Crédits Wikimedia Commons

La gravure de saint Jérôme (c. 347-420 apr. J.-C.) réalisée par Albrecht Dürer en 1514 semble représenter le modèle idéal de l’érudit : retiré dans le désert, loin de l’agitation de la vie quotidienne (le lion en est la preuve), bien implanté dans son institution (comme l’indique le galero cardinalice), et dévoué à ses études. Cependant, même un lecteur occasionnel des lettres et des opuscules de Jérôme peut voir que la réalité était beaucoup plus tumultueuse.

Jérôme quitta Rome pour Bethléem en 384 apr. J.-C., non pas par dévotion pieuse mais à cause d’une querelle avec le clergé romain, qui en voulait à son programme ascétique. Même sa traduction de la Bible hébraïque, qui constituerait plus tard le noyau de la version latine qui fait autorité au sein de l’Église catholique, a été désapprouvée par les contemporains, dont Augustin, qui prêchait le caractère sacré de la Septante grecque. En outre, le profond attachement de Jérôme pour Paula, une riche veuve faisant partie de la noblesse romaine, avait donné lieu à des ragots salaces. Quel genre de modèle un tel homme peut-il être ?

La biographie classique de John Norman Davidson Kelly, Jerome : His life, Writings, and Controversies, le décrit comme un homme querelleur rarement en paix avec lui-même, dont les écrits étaient souvent produits à la hâte et qui pouvait manquer sérieusement de tact. Un bon exemple, celui de son attaque contre le prêtre Jovinien en 393 apr. J.-C., qui avait osé prétendre que les vierges n’avaient pas forcément plus de mérite que les femmes mariées au sein de la communauté chrétienne. La réponse exagérée et agressive de Jérôme a provoqué un certain embarras même chez ses partisans, qui l’avait incité à répondre en premier lieu aux revendications de Jovinien. Pour nous, son texte est considéré comme un morceau de choix de la misogynie, le genre que beaucoup associent encore à l’Église catholique. Pourtant, à l’époque, l’Église officielle n’adhérait pas à son point de vue. Ce qui est plus intéressant encore, ce sont les nombreux arguments énoncés par Jérôme en faveur du célibat qui sont issus de la tradition classique, plus précisément du « paganisme », qui est souvent cité dans les traités misogynes virulents contre le mariage. En résumé, toute personne qui était prête à être offensée pouvait trouver quelque chose d’offensant chez Jérôme.

9780199563555Mais existe-t-il un moyen de combiner l’image idéalisée de Jérôme selon Dürer avec celle décrite par JND. Kelly ? La monographie d’Andrew Cain, The Letters of Jerome : Asceticism, Biblical Exegesis, and the Construction of Christian Authority in Late Antiquity, nous a appris à lire les déclarations souvent impudiques et immodérées de Jérôme. En réalité, elles font partie d’une stratégie délibérée destinée à mettre en avant le plus possible ses compétences en tant qu’écrivain et son autorité en tant qu’érudit ascétique. Andrew Cain montre que, pour Jérôme, c’était une mesure indispensable pour attirer les mécènes et les donateurs s’il voulait continuer sa vie monastique. Il n’avait pas beaucoup d’argent et même les vastes ressources de son amie Paula ont tari car elles avaient servi à soutenir Jérôme et à préserver le monastère de Bethléem qu’ils avaient fondé ensemble. On peut penser que Jérôme a tenu des propos scandaleux dans le but d’attirer l’attention sur lui-même et sur ses projets. Il semble qu’à l’époque, il y avait suffisamment de personnes qui avait un intérêt, politique ou autre, à alimenter ce genre particulier de ragots.

Le goût pour les opinions de Jérôme et la manière dont il les exprime continuent à changer avec le temps. Il a présenté un modèle pour Pierre Abélard, le non-conformiste du XIIe siècle dans son Historia Calamitatum autobiographique, ainsi que pour le bien moins fougueux Érasme de Rotterdam. Plus récemment, la Saint Jérôme du 30 septembre 1980 est passée du stade de « petite fête » à une simple « Commémoration » dans le calendrier des fêtes de l’Église d’Angleterre. À présent, une campagne très médiatisée a été lancée par Andrew Lenox-Conyngham afin de restaurer l’ancien statut de Jérôme. Le but est d’honorer ses dernières réalisations littéraires et érudites, en dépit du fait qu’il n’avait « peut-être pas un caractère très plaisant ».

En réexaminant la gravure de Dürer, il semble que nous assistions à une scène de sérénité totale, mais nous ne pouvons pas voir ce que Jérôme écrit réellement. Connaissant le contenu explosif de son travail, nous devrions peut-être réinterpréter l’engouement qui s’est développé autour de ce Saint. À l’inverse, et sans trop de contradiction, nous pouvons affirmer que ses discours enflammés n’étaient pas nécessairement un signe de problème psychologique fondamental. Il se peut au contraire qu’ils aient été une tentative délibérée de sa part afin qu’il reste dans les esprits tout en continuant à traduire et à commenter la Bible, un travail long et fastidieux. Si nous l’observons avec cette approche, Jérôme semble avoir procédé exactement comme le régime de financement moderne exigé à présent par de nombreux chercheurs : exercer un métier manuel stable et laborieux pour avoir du travail sur le long terme tout en produisant un flux régulier de demandes de financement avec la preuve de son impact.

Traduction réalisée par Noémie Krol,
étudiante du Master « Traduction Spécialisée Multilingue » – TSM, de l’Université Lille 3.

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Les traductions publiées par « Insula » le sont avec l’accord des auteurs ou du responsable éditorial du site ou du blog concerné. Nous les en remercions chaleureusement.

Crédit image : « Saint Jérôme dans son étude » par Albrecht Dürer. Domaine public via Wikimedia Commons.
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