ISAW Resources: New Online Content from the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World

Tom Elliott (

This feed aggregator is part of the Planet Atlantides constellation. Its current content is available in multiple webfeed formats, including Atom, RSS/RDF and RSS 1.0. The subscription list is also available in OPML and as a FOAF Roll. All content is assumed to be the intellectual property of the originators unless they indicate otherwise.

January 15, 2018

Ancient World Online (AWOL)

Cuneiform Commentaries Project – Updates

Cuneiform Commentaries Project – Updates
January 15, 2018
Several important new editions have been uploaded to the website of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project during the last few months, including those listed below. 

(1) CCP 1.5 (Literary Prayer to Marduk 2): This small and badly damaged tablet contains a commentary that deals with the first sixty-eight lines of the literary prayer Lord, Sage of the Igigi, a text frequently called, after Lambert’s pioneering edition, Marduk no. 2. (

(2) CCP 3.1.55.G (Enūma Anu Enlil 55 G): Although cited in secondary literature already in 1925, this is the first published text edition of this commentary. The tablet, which is from Hellenistic Uruk, contains, in varying states of preservation, the first thirty-eight lines of a commentary on one of the higher-numbered chapters of Enūma Anu Enlil. The number by which the chapter was known at Uruk is uncertain, but at Assur it was Chapter 48 (according to the Assur catalogue of EAE) and at Nineveh it was Chapter 55 (?). (

(3) CCP 4.2.M.a (Therapeutic (Qutāru) M): This cola-type commentary on a medical text for the treatment of four types of epilepsy is one of the most frequently cited commentaries in modern secondary literature. For this edition, the tablet was collated in person and using Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI), and several improved readings (o 4, 5, 15, 19, 27, 28, 29, r 4’ and 5’ – all indicated in the transliteration by asterisks) and interpretations have been possible. (Read more)

(4) CCP 6.1.13.C (Aa II/5 (pirsu 13) C): This commentary comprises two joining fragments: BM 48261 (81-11-3,971) and BM 48380 (81-11-3,1090). It preserves parts of a previously unidentified commentary on Aa II/1 (?) and II/5. (
Furthermore, Yale University Library has assigned permanent identifiers (DOIs) to the editions of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project. This means that each CCP edition is now indexed by the main repositories of scholarly works. We have also modified the way in which textual notes are displayed to make them more user-friendly. Last but not least, we are delighted to announce that Klaus Wagensonner ( is now a Senior Editor in the project. 

Thanks are expressed to the following scholars, who have contributed their editions and feedback since the last newsletter: Uri Gabbay, Klaus Wagensonner, and Shana Zaia. We would like to renew our invitation for Assyriologists around the world to contribute their editions of as yet unedited commentary tablets, for which they will receive full credit.

Please also note that it is possible to subscribe to the CCP’s monthly Newsletter (



The ziggurat of the god Šamaš at Sippar. The Sumerian ceremonial name Ekunankuga means "House, Pure Stairway of Heaven."


The temple of the god Ea within the Esagil(a) complex at Babylon. The Sumerian ceremonial name Ekarzagina means "Pure Quay"or "Quay of Lapis Lazuli."


The temple of the god Nergal at Cutha. The Sumerian ceremonial name Emeslam means "House, Warrior of the Netherworld."


The New Year's (Akītu) temple of the god Marduk outside Babylon. The Sumerian ceremonial name Esiskur means "House of the Sacrifice."

OSM location of the ziggurat of Sippar

Representative location based on an OpenStreetMap way approximating the outline of the visible ruins of the ziggurat.

Ancient World Online (AWOL)

H. Craig Melchert's Publications Online

[First posted in AWOL 27 April 2014, updated 15 January 2018]

H. Craig Melchert's Publications Online
Anatolian Text Corpora:
Cuneiform Luvian Corpus         
Lydian Corpus
Ablative and Instrumental in Hittite (unpublished Harvard Ph.D. dissertation, 1977).
Studies in Hittite Historical Phonology, Vandenhoeck& Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1984, 176pp. Lycian Lexicon,self-published, Chapel Hill, 1989, iv + 122pp. Cuneiform Luvian Lexicon, self-published, Chapel Hill, 1993, vi + 298pp. luvlex Lycian Lexicon (2nd revised edition), self-published, Chapel Hill, 1993, vi + 130pp. Anatolian Historical Phonology, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 1994, iv + 457pp. A Dictionary of the Lycian Language, Beech Stave Press, Ann Arbor/New York, 2004, xvii + 
     138 pp.
A Grammar of the Hittite Language (with Harry A. Hoffner, Jr.), Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake,
      2008, xxii + 468 pp. (Part 1), 75 pp. (Part 2)
Edited books:
Mír Curad.  Studies in Honor of Calvert Watkins, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität
Innsbruck, Innsbruck,1998, xviii+715 pp (chief editor, with Jay Jasanoff and Lisi Oliver) The Luwians (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One, Near and Middle East Volume 68),
     Brill, Leiden/Boston, 2003, xix+383 pp  addenda&corrigenda
1. 'Hittite ašša- anzašša-,' Revue hittite et asianique 31 (1973) [1976] 57-70 hassa-2. 'Secondary Derivatives in -- in the Rigveda,' Harvard Indo-European Studies 2 (1975) 163-
     1983. '"Exceptions" to Exceptionless Sound Laws,' Lingua 35 (1975) 135-153 exceptions
4. 'Tocharian Verb Stems in -tk-,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 91 (1977)
     93-130 tk-verbs
5. 'The Acts of Hattušili I,' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 37 (1978) 1-22 hattusiliI
6. 'On §§56, 162 and 171 of the Hittite Laws,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 31 (1979) 57-64
7. 'Three Hittite Etymologies,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 93 (1979)
262-271 3hittiteetymologies
8. 'The Use of IKU in Hittite Texts,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 32 (1980) 50-56 IKUinhittite
9. 'Some Aspects of "Aspect" in Mandarin Chinese,' Linguistics 18 (1980) 635-654
10. 'The Hittite Word for "Son",' IndogermanischeForschungen 85 (1980) 90-95
11. '"God-Drinking":  a Syntactic Transformation in Hittite,' Journal of Indo-European Studies 9
     (1981) 245-254 god-drinking 12. 'The Second Singular Personal Pronoun in Anatolian,' MünchenerStudien zur Sprach-
     wissenschaft 42 (1983) 151-165 2ndsingularpronoun 13. 'A "New" PIE *men Suffix,' Die Sprache29 (1983) 1-26 men-suffix 14. 'Pudenda Hethitica,' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 35 (1983) 137-145 pudenda
15. 'Notes on Palaic,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 98 (1984) 22-43
16. 'Hittite imma and Latin immo,' Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 98 (1985)
     184-205 imma
17. 'Hittite uwaš and Congeners,' Indogermanische Forschungen 91 (1986) 102-115 uwas
18. 'Proto-Indo-European Velars in Luvian,' in Studies in Memory of  Warren Cowgill (ed.
     Calvert Watkins) (1987)182-204 gscowgill 19. 'Reflexes of *h3 in Anatolian,' Die Sprache 33 (1987) 19-28 h3inAnatolian 20. 'Final -r in Hittite,' in A Linguistic Happening in Memory of Ben Schwarz (ed. Yoël
     Arbeitman) (1988) 215-234 final-r21. '"Thorn" and "Minus" in Hieroglyphic LuvianOrthography,' Anatolian Studies 38 (1988)
29-42 thorn&minus
22. 'Luvian Lexical Notes,' Historische Sprachforschung 101 (1988) 211-243 luvlexnotes
23. 'New Luvo-Lycian Isoglosses,' Historische Sprachforschung 102 (1989) 23-45 luvo-lycian
24. 'PIE "dog" in Hittite?' Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 50 (1989) 97-101 dog
25. 'Adjective Stems in *-iyo- in Anatolian,' Historische Sprachforschung 103 (1990) 198-207
     iyo-stems 26. 'The Lydian Emphasizing and Reflexive Particle -ś/-is,' Kadmos30/2(1991) 131-142 
     lydianreflexive27. 'Death and the Hittite King,' in Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture and
     Religion.  Studies in Honour of Edgar C. Polomé (ed. Roger Pearson) (1991) 1.182-188
28. 'Relative Chronology and Anatolian:  the Vowel System' in Rekonstruktion und Relative
     Chronologie, Akten der VIII. Fachtagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft (ed. R.
     Beekes et al.) (1992) 41-53 relchron 29. 'The Third Person Present in Lydian,' IndogermanischeForschungen 97 (1992) 31-54
30. 'Hittite Vocalism,' in Per una grammaticaittita (ed. Onofrio Carruba) (1992) 183-196
     hittitevocalism31. 'The Middle Voice in Lycian,' Historische Sprachforschung 105 (1992)189-199 lycianmiddle 32. 'A New Interpretation of Lines c 3-9 of the Xanthos Stele,' in Aktendes II. Internationalen
     Lykien-Symposions (edd. J. Borchhardt & G. Dobesch) (1993) 1.31-34 xanthosc3-933. 'A New Anatolian "Law of Finals",' Journal of Ancient Civilizations 8 (1993) 105-113
     lawoffinals 34. 'Historical Phonology of Anatolian,' Journal of Indo-European Studies 21 (1993) 237-257
     anathistphon 35. 'Remarks on Some New Readings in Carian,' Kadmos 32 (1993) 77-86 carianremarks36. 'The Feminine Gender in Anatolian,' in Früh-, Mittel-, Spätindogermanisch.  Akten der IX.
     Fachtagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft (ed. George Dunkel et al.) (1994)
231-244 feminine 37. 'Anatolian', in Langues indo-européennes(ed. Françoise Bader) (1994) 121-136
38. 'PIE *y > Lydian d,' in Iranian and Indo-European Studies.  Memorial Volume of O. Klíma
(ed. P. Vavroušek) (1994) 181-187 lydiand
39. '"Cop's Law" in Common Anatolian,' in In honorem Holger Pedersen.  Kolloquium der
     indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 26. bis 28. März 1993 in Kopenhagen (ed. Jens
     Rasmussen) (1994) 297-306 cop's_law40. 'Indo-European Languages of Anatolia,' in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East (ed. Jack
     Sasson) (1995) 4.2151-2159 cane 41. 'Nominal Inflection in Neo-Hittite,' in Attidel II Congresso Internazionaledi Hittitologia
(ed. O. Carruba et al.) (1995) 269-274 NHnominfl 42. 'Anatolian Hieroglyphs,' in The World's Writing Systems (edd. William Bright and Peter
     Daniels) (1996) 120-124 hluvianscript43. 'Lycia. Language' and 'Lydia. Language,' in Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed. (edd. S.
     Hornblower & A. Spawforth)(1996) 895, 899 lycian-lydian 44. 'Hittite Phonology,' in Phonologies of Asia and Africa (ed. Alan S. Kaye) (1997) 557-567 45. 'Luvian /ta:na-/ "sanctified, inviolable",' Historische Sprachforschung 107 (1997) 47-51 tana46. 'Denominative Verbs in Anatolian,' in Studies in Honor of Jaan Puhvel.  Part One.  Ancient
     Languages and Philology (ed. D. Disterheft et al.) (1997) 131-138 denomverbs47. 'PIE Dental Consonants in Lydian,' in Festschrift for Eric P. Hamp.  Volume II (ed. D. Q.
     Adams) (1997) 32-47 lydiandentals 48. 'Syncope and Anaptyxis in Hittite,' in Sound Law and Analogy.  Papers in honor of Robert S.
     P. Beekes on the occasion of his 60th birthday (ed. A. Lubotsky) (1997) 177-180 FSbeekes
49. 'Traces of a PIE Aspectual Contrast in Anatolian?' IncontriLinguistici 20 (1997) 83-92
50. 'Poetic Meter and Phrasal Stress in Hittite,' in MírCurad.  Studies in Honor of Calvert
Watkins (edd. J. Jasanoff, H. C. Melchert & L. Oliver) (1998) 483-494 fswatkins51. 'Hittite arku- "chant, intone" vs. arkuwāi-"make a plea",' Journal of Cuneiform Studies 50
     (1998) 45-51arku- 52. 'The Dialectal Position of Anatolian within Indo-European,' Proceedings of the 24th Meeting
of the BerkeleyLinguistics Society, Special Session on Indo-European Subgrouping
and Internal Relations (ed. B. Bergen et al.) (1998) 24-31 berkeley
53. 'Aspects of Verbal Aspect in Hittite,' in Uluslararası HititolojiKongresi Bildirleri.  Acts of the
     IIIrd International Congress of Hittitology, Çorum, Sep. 16-22, 1996 (ed. S. Alp & A. Süel)
     (1998) 413-418 aspect1 54. 'Two Problems of Anatolian Nominal Derivation,' in CompositionesIndogermanicae in
     memoriam Jochem Schindler (ed. H. C. Luschützky and H. Eichner) (1998) 365-375
55. 'I contributi del luvio geroglifico agli studi di indoeuropeistica,' in Il Geroglifico AnatolicoAtti
     del Colloquio della tavola rotondaNapoli-Procida, 5-9 giugno1995 (ed. M. Marazzi)
     (1998) 259-265 procida56. 'Once more Greek tolúpē,' Orpheus 8 (Memorial Volume for V. Georgiev) (1998) 47-51
tolupe 57. 'Hittite karzan- "basket of wool",' in Studi e Testi II (= Eothen 10) (ed. S. de Martino & F.
     Imparati) (1999) 121-133 karzan58. 'Carian mdoΩun "we have established",' Kadmos 38 (1999) 33-41 carianmdoWun
59. 'Once More on the Conclusion of the Lycian Trilingual of the Létôon, Historische Sprach-
     forschung 112 (1999) 75-77 letoonend
60. '"(Zu)eignung" in Anatolian and Indo-European,' in Celtica et Indogermanica.  Festschrift für
     W. Meid zum 70. Geburtstag (edd. P. Anreiter & E. Jerem) (1999) 243-247 fsmeid
61. 'Hittite tuk(kan)zi,' Ktema 24 (1999) 17-23 (À la mémoire de Lisbeth Franck) tukkanzi
62. 'Aspects of Cuneiform LuvianNominal Inflection,' in The Asia Minor Connexion.  Studies on
     the Pre-Greek Languages in Memory of Charles Carter (ed. Yoël Arbeitman) (2000)
    173-183 gscarter63. 'Tocharian Plurals in -nt- and Related Phenomena,' Journal of Tocharian and Indo-European
     Studies9 (2000) 53-75 plurals in -nt- 64. 'Hittite Nominal Stems in -il,' in Anatolischund Indogermanisch/Anatolicoe indoeuropeo (edd.
     O. Carruba & W. Meid (2001) 263-272 il-stems 65. 'Hittite damnaššara- "domestic"/dDamnaššareš "household deities",' Journal of Ancient Near
     Eastern Religions 1 (2002) 150-157 damnassara66. 'Tarhuntassa in the SüdburgHieroglyphic Inscription,' in Recent Developments in Hittite
     Archaeology and History. Papers in Memory of Hans G. Güterbock(edd. A. Yener & H.
     Hoffner) (2002) 137-143 tarhuntassa
67. 'A Hittite Fertility Rite?' in Akten des IV. internationalen Kongresses für Hethitologie.
Würzburg 4.-8. Oktober 1999 (ed. G. Wilhelm) (2002) 404-409 ararkiskanzi
68. 'Sibilants in Carian,' in Novalis Indogermanica. Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 80.
     Geburtstag (edd. M. Fritz & S. Zeilfelder) (2002) 305-313 cariansibilants
69. 'The God Sandain Lycia?' in Silva Anatolica. Anatolian Studies Presented to Maciej Popko
     on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (ed. P. Taracha) (2002) 241-251 FSpopko
70. 'Covert Possessive Compounds in Hittite,' in The Linguist's Linguist. A Collection of Papers
 in Honor of Alexis Manaster Ramer (ed. F. Cavoto) (2002) 297-302 covertcompounds 71. 'Sanskrit sárdigdi-,' in Indic and Iranian Studies in Honor of Stanley Insleron his Sixty-Fifth
     Birthday (edd. J. Brereton and St. Jamison) (2002) 325-328 sardigrdi 72. 'A Practical Approach to Verbal Aspect in Hittite' (with Harry A. HoffnerJr.), in Anatolia
Antica. Studiin memoria di Fiorella Imparati(ed. S. di Martino and F. Pecchioli
Daddi) (2002) 377-390 gsimparati
73. 'Hieroglyphic LuvianREL-ipa "indeed, certainly",' in Indo-European Perspectives (ed. M.
     Southern) (2002) 223-232 REL-ipa74. 'Introduction; Prehistory; Language' (Chapters 1,2 and 5) in The Luwians (ed. C. Melchert)
     (2003) 1-7, 8-26, and 170-210 75. 'The Dialectal Position of Lycian and Lydian with Anatolian,' in Liciae Lidia prima dell'
     Ellenizzazione. Atti delConvegno internazionale. Roma, 11-12 ottobre 1999 (ed. M.
     Giorgieri et al.) (2003) 265-272 lica&lidia76. 'Hittite Nominal Stems in -anzan-,' in Indogermanisches Nomen. Akten der Arbeitstagung der
     Indogermanischen Gesellschaft/Society for I-E Studies/Société des Etudes Indo-
     Européennes. Freiburg 19. bis 21. September 2001(ed. E. Tichy et al.) (2003) 129-139
     sumanzan 77. 'PIE "thorn" in Cuneiform Luvian?', in Proceedings of the 14th Annual UCLA Indo-European
     Conference,ed. K. Jones-Bley et al.) (2003) 145-161 thorn 78. 'Hittite antaka- "loins" and an Overlooked Myth about Fire,' in Hittite Studies in Honor of
Harry A. Hoffner Jr. (ed. G. Beckman, R. Beal & G. McMahon) (2003) 281-287 FShoffner
79. 'Hieroglyphic Luvian Verbs in -min(a),' in Per Aspera ad Asteriskos. StudiaIndogermanica in
     honorem Jens Elmegård Rasmussen sexagenarii Idibus Martiis anno MMIV (ed. A. 
     Hyllested et al.) (2004) 355-362 mina80. 'The Inflection of Some Irregular Luvian Neuter Nouns,' in Šarnikziel. Hethitologische
Studien zum Gedenken an Emil Orgetorix Forrer (edd. D. Groddek and S. Rößle)
(2004) 471-475 sarnikzel 81. 'Luvian, Palaic, Lycian, Lydian, Carian,' in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's
     Ancient Languages (ed. R. Woodard) (2004) 576-613 82. 'A Luwian Dedication,' in Indo-European Perspectives. Studies in Honourof Anna Morpurgo
     Davies (ed. J. Penney) (2004) 370-379 fsmorpurgo83. 'Second Thoughts on PIE *y and *h2 in Lydian,' in StudiaAnatolica et Varia. Mélange offerts
     à Professeur René Lebrun, Volume 2 (ed. M. Mazoyerand O. Casabonne) (2004)
139-150 lebrun 84. 'Latin insolēscō, Hittite šulle(šš)- and PIE Statives in -ē-' in H́ mánasā. Studies Presented
     to Professor Leonard G. Herzenberg on His 70th Birthday (ed. N. N. Kazansky) (2004)
     90-98 fsherzenberg
85. 'The Problem of Luvian Influence on Hittite', in Sprachkontakt und Sprachwandel, Akten der
     XI. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft 17.-23. September 2000, Halle an
     der Saale (edd. G. Meiser & O. Hackstein) (2005) 445-460 halle
86. 'Indo-European Verbal Art in Luvian,' in La langue poétique indo-européenne (edd.
G. Pinault and D. Petit) (2006) 291-298 luvianverbalart
87. 'Medio-Passive Forms in Lydian?' in Studi linguistici in onore di Roberto Gusmani (ed. R.
       Bombi et al.) (2006) 1161-1166 fsgusmani.pdf
88. 'The Boundaries of TarhuntassaRevisited,' in Belkıs Dinçol ve Ali Dinçol’a Armağan (ed. M.
       Alparslan et al.) (2007) 507-513 dinçolsfs
89. 'Hittite huwapp-, huppā(i)- and huppiya-,' in Tabularia Hethaeorum. Hethitologische Beiträge
       Silvin Košak zum 65. Geburtstag (edd. D. Groddek & M. Zorman) (2007) 513-519
90. 'PIE *h2esp-‘to cut’,' in Verba Docenti. Studies in historical and Indo-European linguistics
      presented to Jay H. Jasanoff by students, colleagues, and friends (ed. A. Nussbaum)
      (2007) 253-258 fsjasanoff.pdf
91. 'Hittite Morphology,' in Morphologies of Asia and Africa (ed. A. Kaye) (2007) 755-773
92. 'Luvian Evidence for PIE *h3eit- ‘take along; fetch,' Indo-European Studies Bulletin,
      UCLA 12/1 (2007) 1-3 PIEh3eit.pdf
93. 'New Light on Hittite Verse and Meter?,' in Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual UCLA
     Indo-European Conference, November 3-4, 2006 (edd. K. Jones-Bley et al.) (2007)
      117-128 ucla18.pdf
94. 'Middle Hittite Revisited,' in VI Congresso Internazionale di Ittitologia, Roma, 5-9
settembre 2005 (edd. A. Archi & R. Francia) (2007) 525-531 melchertrome.pdf
95. 'Neuter Stems with Suffix *-(e)n- in Anatolian and Proto-Indo-European,' Die Sprache
            47 (2007/2008) [2010] 163-181 en-stems
96. 'Hittite duwān (parā)' Morphology and Language History in honour of Harold Koch
      (ed. C. Bowern, B. Evans & L. Miceli) (2008) 201-209 fsharoldkoch.pdf

97. 'Problems in Hittite Pronominal Inflection,' Evidence and Counter-Evidence. Essays

in honour of Frederik Kortlandt. Volume 1: Balto-Slavic and Indo-European
      Linguistics (edd. A. Lubotsky, J. Schaeken and J. Wiedenhof) (2008) 367-375
98. 'Greek mólybdos as a Loanword from Lydian,' in Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks
and their Neighbors. Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural
      Interaction, September 17-19, 2004, Emory University, Atlanta, GA(edd. B. Collins,
      M. Bachvarova and I. Rutherford (2008) 153-158 molybdos
99. 'Deictic Pronouns in Anatolian,' in East and West: Papers in Indo-European Studies
(ed. K. Yoshida & B. Vine) (2009) 151-161 melchertkyoto
100. 'Discourse Conditioned Use of Hittite -ma,' in Form, Funktion und Diachronie. Akten
der Arbeitstagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 24. bis 26. September
2007 in Marburg(edd. E. Rieken & P. Widmer) (2009) 187-195 marburg
101. 'Ablativ und Instrumental im Hethitischen und Indogermanischen. Ein Beitrag zur
relativen Chronologie' (with Norbert Oettinger), Incontri Linguistici 32 (2009) 53-73
102. 'Hittite hi-verbs from Adverbs,' in Protolanguage and Prehistory. Akten der XII.
        Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 11. bis 15.10.2004
       in Krakau (ed. R. Lühr and S. Ziegler) (2009) 335-339      krakow
103. 'The Animate Nominative Plural in Luvian and Lycian,' in *h2nr. Festschrift für Heiner
      Eichner (ed. R. Nedoma & D. Stifter) (= Die Sprache 48) (2009) [2010] 112-117
104. 'Lidya Dili ve Yazıtları/Lydian  Language and Inscriptions,' in Lidyalılar ve Dünyaları/
      The Lydians and Their World (ed. N. D. Cahill) (2010) 267-272
105. 'Hittite talliye/a- ‘to draw, allure’,' in Pax Hethitica. Studies on the Hittites and
      their Neighbors in Honour of Itamar Singer (edd. Y. Cohen, A. Gilan and
      J. Miller) (2010) 226-232 fssinger
106. 'The Word for ‘mouth’ in Hittite and Proto-Indo-European,' International Journal
      of Diachronic Linguistics 7 (2010) 55-63 PIEmouth
107. 'Spelling of Initial /a-/ in Hieroglyphic Luwian,' in ipamati kistamati pari tumatimis.
Luwian and Hittite Studies presented to J. David Hawkins on the Occasion
of his 70th Birthday (ed. I. Singer) (2010) 147-158 FShawkins
108. 'Hittite ar(ap)p- and Derivatives,' in Investigationes Anatolicae. Gedenkschrift für
       Erich Neu (ed. J. Klinger, E. Rieken & C. Rüster) (2010) 179-188 gsneu
109. 'Further Thoughts on Carian Nominal Inflection,' in Hellenistic Karia. Proceedings 
of the First International Conference onHellenistic Karia Oxford, 29 June - 2 July
2006, (edd. R. van Bremen and M. Carbon) (2010) 177-186 cariannoun
110. 'Hittite talliyē(šš)- ‘be(come) calm, quiescent’,' in Issledovanija po lingvistike i
semiotike. Sbornik statejk jubileju Vyach. Vs. Ivanov (ed. T. M. Nikolaev)
(2010) 148-152 fsivanov
111. 'On Hittite mūgā(i)-,' in Studi di Ittitologia in onore di Alfonso Archi (ed. R. Francia
      & G. Torri) (= Orientalia 79/2) (2010) 207-215 FSarchi
112. 'The PIE Collective Plural and the “τ ζα τρχειrule”,' in Indogermanistik und
Linguistik im Dialog. Akten der XIII. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen
Gesellschaft vom 21. bis 27. September, 2008, in Salzburg (ed. T. Krisch
& T. Lindner) (2011) 395-400 salzburg
113. 'Indo-Europeans,' in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia. 10,000–323 B.C.E.
      (ed. S. Steadman & G. McMahon) (2011) 704-716
114. 'The PIE Verb for ‘to pour’ and Medial *h3 in Anatolian,' in Proceedings of the 22nd
      UCLA Indo-European Conference (ed. S. Jamison et al.) (2011) 127-132
115. 'The Problem of the Ergative Case in Hittite,' in Grammatical Case in the Languages
of the Middle East and Europe. Acts of the International colloquium Variations,
concurrence et evolution des cas dans divers domaines linguistiques Paris 2–4
April 2007 (ed. M Fruyt, M. Mazoyerand Dennis Pardee) (2011) 161-167
116. ' Enclitic Subject Pronouns in Hieroglyphic Luvian,' Aramazd 6/2 (2011) 73-86
117. 'Genitive Case and Possessive Adjective in Anatolian,' in Per Roberto Gusmani.
Studi in ricordo. Linguistica storica e teorica, vol. II, tomo1 (ed. V. Orioles)
(2012) 273-286 gsgusmani
118. 'Luvo-Lycian Dorsal Stops Revisited,' The Sound of Indo-European 2 (ed. R. Sukač and O.
Šefčík) (2012) 206-218 melchertSofIE2
119. 'Hittite “Heteroclite” s-Stems,' in Multi NominisGrammaticus. Studies in Classical and
      Indo-European linguistics in honor of Alan. J. Nussbaum on the occasion of his
      sixty-fifth birthday (ed. A. Cooper, J. Rau, and M. Weiss) (2012) 175-184
120. 'Hittite ḫi-Verbs of the Type -āC1i, -aC1C1anzi,' Indogermanische Forschungen 117
      (2012) 173-185 melchertIF117
121. 'Dative-Locative Objects of Infinitives in Anatolian,' in Von Fall zu Fall – Studienzur
indogermanischen Syntax (= Historische Sprachforschung125) (2012) [2014] 242-
122. 'Motivations for Hittite Mythological Texts,' Writing Down the Myths: the Construction of
Mythology in Classical & Medieval Traditions (ed. J. Nagy) (2013) 257-264
123. 'Luvian Language in “Luvian” Rituals in Hattusha,' Beyond Hatti: A Tribute to Gary
      Beckman (edd. B. Collins & P. Michalowski) (2013) 159-172 melchertFSbeckman
124. 'Hittite and Hieroglyphic Luvian arha ‘away’: Common Inheritance or Borrowing?'
Journal of Language Contact 6 (2013) 300-312 melchertJLC6
125. 'Ablaut Patterns in the Hittite hi-Conjugation,' in Proceedings of the 24th UCLA
      Indo-European Conference (ed. S. Jamison et al.) (2013) 137-150 ucla24
126. 'Naming Practices in Second and First Millennium Western Anatolian,' in Personal
      Names in Ancient Anatolia (ed. R. Parker) (2013) 31-49 personalnames
127. 'Agreement Patterns in Old and Middle Hittite,' in Grammaticaet verba. Glamour
and verve. Studies in South Asian, historical, and Indo-European
linguistics in honor of Hans Henrich Hock on the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday
(ed. S. Chen and B. Slade) (2013) 165-180 fshock
128. 'PIE *-eh2 as an “individualizing” Suffix and the Feminine Gender,' in Studies on the
Collective and Feminine in Indo-European from a Diachronic and Typological
Perspective (edd. S. Neri & R. Schuhmann (2014) 257-271 melchertjena
129. 'The Hieroglyphic Luvian Verb PUGNUS.PUGNUS,' in Na-wa/i-VIR.ZI/A
MAGNUS.SCRIBA. Festschrift fur Helmut Nowicki zum 70. Geburtstag
(edd. C. Brosch & A. Payne) (2014) 133-138 melchertFSnowicki
130. 'Anatolian Stems in *-(C)o-,' in Nomen im Indogermanischen. Akten der Arbeitstagung
der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft. Erlangen, 14.-16. September 2011 (ed. N.
Oettinger and R. Steer) (2014) 205-214 melcherterlangen
131. '“Narten formations” versus “Narten roots”,' Indogermanische Forschungen 119 (2014)
132. 'Hittite nakku(wa)- ‘(spirits of) the dead’,' in Munus amicitiae Norbert Oettinger a
collegis et amicis dicatum (ed. H. C. Melchert, E. Rieken & T. Steer) (2014)
133. 'Hittite išpar- “to spread out” and išparre/a- “to kick”,' in Proceedings of the Eighth
International Congress of Hittitology. Warsaw, 5-9 September 2011 (ed. P. Taracha)
(2014) 499-506 melchert_išpar-
134. 'Greek and Lycian' and 'Greek and Lydian,' in Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language
and Linguistics (ed. G. Giannakis) (2014) 67-70 & 70-71 melchertlycianmelchertlydian
135. 'Reciprocity and Commerce in Bronze and Iron Age Anatolia,' in Tradition and
Innovation in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of the 57th Rencontre
Assyriologique Internationale at Rome 4–8, July 2011 (ed. A. Archi) (2015) 409-16
136. 'Alleged “Right Dislocation” in Hittite,' in Saeculum: Gedenkschrift für Heinrich Otten
anlässlich seines 100. Geburtstags (ed. A. Müller-Karpe, E. Rieken, and W. Sommerfeld)
(2015) 137-145 gsotten
137. 'Lycian alaha- and alada/ehali-,' in Genres épigraphiques et langues d’attestation
fragmentaire dans l’espace méditerranéen (edd. E. Dupraz and W. Sowa) (2015)
153-163 rouen_alaha-
138. 'The Tocharian s-Preterite,' in Tocharian Texts in Context: International Conference on
Tocharian Manuscripts and Silk Road Culture (edd. M. Malzahn, M. Peyrot, H. Fellner
and T.-S. Illés) (2015) 127-135 s-preterite
139. 'Translation Strategies in the Hurro-Hittite Bilingual from Boğazköy,' in Strategies of
Translation: Language Contact and Poetic language (edd. J. L. García Ramón &
D. Kölligan) (2015) 61-75 bilingual
140.  'The Case of the Agent in Anatolian and Indo-European,' in SahasramAti Srajas:
Indo-Iranian and Indo-European Studies in Honor of Stephanie W. Jamison
(edd. D. Gunkel, J. T. Katz, B. Vine & M. Weiss) (2016) 239-249 agent_case
141. 'Relative Clauses in Anatolian,' in »dat ih dir it nu bi huldi gibu« Linguistische,
germanistische und indogermanistische Studien Rosemarie Lühr gewidmet
(edd. S. Neri, R. Schuhmann & S. Zeilfelder) (2016) 287-295 anatRCs
142. 'New Luvian Verb Etymologies,' in Anatolica et Indogermanica: Studia linguistica
      in honorem Johannis Tischler septuagenarii dedicata (edd. H. Marquardt,
      S. Reichmuth & J. V. García Trabazo) (2016) 203-212 FStischler
143. 'Marginalia to the Myth of Telipinu,' in Audias fabulasveteres: Anatolian Studies
      in Honor of Jana Součková-Siegelová (ed. Š. Velhartická)
(2016) 210-220 FSsiegelová
144. 'Hittite (kuit) and Vedic “sá-figé”,' inTavet Tat Satyam: Studies in Honor of Jared
      S. Klein on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday (edd. A. M.
Byrd, J. DeLisi & M. Wenthe) (2016) 204-213 FSklein
145. 'Formal and Semantic Aspects of Hittite gul()ša- ‘fate’,' in Ahmet
Ünal’a ArmağanStudies in Honour of Ahmet Ünal (edd. S. Erkut
      & Ö. Sir Gavaz) (2016) 355-359 FSÜnal
146. 'Initial *sp-in Hittite and šip(p)and- ‘to libate’,' Journal of Language Relationship/
      Вопросыязыковогородства 14/3 (2016) 187-196 Hittite *sp-
147. '“Western Affinities” of Anatolian,' in Etymology and the European
Lexicon: Proceedings of the 14th Fachtagung der Indogermanischen
Gesellschaft, 17–22 September 2012, Copenhagen  (edd. B. S. S.
Hansen et al.) (2016) 297-305 westernaffinities
148. 'Anatolian,' Chapter 3 in The Indo-European Languages, Second
Edition (ed. M. Kapović) (2017) 171-201
149. 'Syntax of the Hittite “Supine” Construction,' (with Harry A. Hoffner Jr.†),
in 5èmes Rencontres de l’IFEA. L’hittitologie aujourd’hui. Études sur
l’Anatolie hittite et néo-hittiteà l’occasion du centenairede la
naissance d’Emmanuel Laroche Istanbul, 21-22 Nov. 2014 (ed. A.
Mouton) (2017) 3-6 hoffner-melchert
150. 'Mediopassives in *-sḱe/o- to Active Intransitives,' in Miscellanea
      Indogermanica: Festschrift für José Luis García Ramón zum65.
      Geburtstag (edd. I. Hajnal, D. Kölligan& K. Zipser) (2017) 477-486
151. 'An Allative Case in Proto-Indo-European?' in Usque ad Radices:
Indo-European studies in honour of Birgit Anette Olsen (edd. B. S.
Sandgaard Hansen et al.) (2017) 527-539 FSolsen


'Hittite tit(ta)nu-, titti-, and Lycian stta-,' Chatreššar (to appear)
'The Role of Indo-European Studies in the XXIst Century,' in Oxford Handbook of
Diachronic and Historical Linguistics (ed. P. Crisma and G. Longobardi) (to appear)
'The Source(s) of Indo-European Participles in *-e/ont-,' in Adjectifs
verbaux et participes dansles langues indo-européennes(ed.
C. Le Feuvre, D. Petit, and G.-J. Pinault) (to appear)
'Hittite and Luvian uppa- and Hittite uiya-,' in Proceedings of the Ninth
International Congress of Hittitology (ed. A. Süel) (forthcoming)
'Hittite Historical Phonology after 100 Years (and after 20 years),' in "Hrozny and Hittite:
The First Hundred Years" Prague, 11-14 November 2015 (ed. P. Čech, R. Kim et al.)
'Hittite and Indo-European: Revolution and Counterrevolution,' in 100 Jahre Entzifferung
des Hethitischen - Morphosyntaktische Kategorien in Sprachgeschichte und Forschung:
Arbeitstagung der lndogermanischen Gesellschaft Philipps-Universitat Marburg,
21. bis 23. September 2015 (ed. E. Rieken et al.)
'Semantics and Etymology of Hittit takš-,' in Indo-Iranian and Its Indo-European
      Origin…in honor of Alexander Lubotsky (to appear)
'Lengthened Grades of PIE *CaC Roots,' in Zurück zur Wurzel –
Struktur, Funktion und Semantik der Wurzel im Indogermanischen:  15. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft, Wien, September 16, 2016 (ed. Melanie Malzahn et al.) (to appear)
'Luwian,’ in Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Languages (ed. R.
'The Medio-Passive in Transition from Old to New Hittite,' (to appear in
      a forthcoming Festschrift)
'The Anatolian Hieroglyphic Signs L 41, L 172 and L 319 = L 416,' (to
      appear in a forthcoming Festschrift)
'Empire Luvian *416-wa/i-níand Related Problems,' (to appear in a
      forthcoming Festschrift)
'Iron Age Luvian tarrawann(i)-,' (to appear in a forthcoming Festschrift)
'Mycenaean and Hittite Diplomatic Correspondence: Fact and Fiction,' in Mycenaeans and
     Anatolians in the Late Bronze Age: The Ahhijawa Question (ed. A. Teffeteller)
'The Position of Anatolian,' in Handbook of Indo-European Studies (edd. A. Garrett &
      M. Weiss) (to appear)


 S. Heinhold-Krahmeret al., Probleme der Textdatierungin der Hethitologie, in Journal of the
     American Oriental Society 102 (1982) 176-177 reviewtextdatierung
 J. Weitenberg, Die hethitischen u-Stämme, in Kratylos 29 (1984) [1985] 79-82
 J. Puhvel, Hittite Etymological Dictionary Vol. 1 & 2,in Journal of the American Oriental
     Society 106 (1986) 568-569 puhvelHED1-2
 H. Hoffner & G. Beckman (edd.), Kaniššuwar.  A Tribute to Hans G. Güterbock on his
     Seventy-Fifth Birthday, in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 47 (1988) 215-216 kanissuwar
 B. Comrie (ed.), The World's Major Languages, in The South Atlantic Review 33 (1988)
     139-140 comrie1987
 D. Yoshida, Die Syntax des althethitischen substantivischen Genetivs, in Kratylos 34 (1989)
     181-182 yoshidagenitiv
 C. Zinko, Betrachtungen zum AN.TAH.ŠUM-Fest, in Kratylos 34 (1989) 184 zinko
 J. Friedrich & A. Kammenhuber, Hethitisches Wörterbuch2, Bd. II:  E, in Kratylos 35 (1990)
     107-109 hw2
 H. Otten, Die Bronzetafel aus Bogazköy, in Kratylos35 (1990) 204-206 ottenbronzetafel
 C. Rüster & E. Neu, Hethisches Zeichenlexikon, in Kratylos 36 (1991) 122-126 HZL
 F. Starke, Untersuchung zur Stammbildung des keilschrift-luwischen Nomens, in Historische
     Sprachforschung 105 (1992) 309-312 starkeStBoT31
 G. McMahon, The Hittite State Cult of the Tutelary Deities, in Journal of Near Eastern
     Studies 54 (1995) 158-159 mcmahon
 A. Kammenhuber, Kleine Schriften zum Altanatolischen und Indogermanischen, in
     Bibliotheca Orientalis52.5/6(1995) 735-737 kammenhuberKlS
 H. G. Güterbock & Theo van den Hout, The Hittite Instruction for the Royal Bodyguard, in
     Journal of Near Eastern Studies 55 (1996) 134-135 bodyguard
 H. G. Güterbock & H. Hoffner, The Hittite Dictionary of the University of Chicago, Volume P,
     fascicle 1, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1996) 777-778 CHDP1
 J. Jie, A Complete Retrograde Glossary of the Hittite Language, in Journal of the American
     Oriental Society 117 (1997) 163 jinjie
 J. David Hawkins, The Hieroglyphic Inscription of the Sacred Pool Complex at Hattusa
     (SÜDBURG), in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 60 (1997) 347
 F. Adrados, Laryngale mit Appendix?, in Kratylos 42 (1997) 170-171 adrados
 M. Giannotta et al. (edd.), La decifrazione del cario, in Kratylos 42 (1997) 185-186
H. G. Güterbock & H. Hoffner, The Hittite Dictionary of the University of Chicago, Volume P,
     fascicle 2, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1997) 713-714 CHDP2
 T. Gamkrelidze & V. Ivanov, Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans.  A Reconstruction and
     Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture, in Journal of the American
     Oriental Society 117 (1997) 741-742 gamkrelidze-ivanov
 L. Jakob-Rost, Keilschrifttexte aus Boghazköy im Vorderasiatischen Museum, in Journal of
     the American Oriental Society 119 (1999) 521-522 jakob-rost
 O. Hackstein, Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des
     Tocharischen, in Tocharian andIndo-European Studies 9 (2000) 145-147 hackstein1995
 F. A. Tjerkstra, Principles of the Relation between Local Adverb, Verb and Sentence Particle
     in Hittite, in Bibliotheca Orientalis 58.1/2 (2001) 215-218 tjerkstra
 E. Rieken, Untersuchungen zur nominalen Stammbildung des Hethitischen, in Journal of the
     American Oriental Society 121 (2001) 488-489 riekenStBoT44
 A. Keen, Dynastic Lycia. A Political History of the Lycians and Their Relations with Foreign
     Powers, c. 545-362 B.C., in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 61/2 (2002) 158 keen
 G. Carling,Die Funktionen der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen, in Journal of the American
     Oriental Society 122 (2002) 107-108 carling2000
 M. Ofitsch and C. Zinko (eds.), 125 Jahre Indogermanistik Graz, in Journal of the American
     Oriental Society 122 (2002) 652 indogermanistikgraz
 J. Puhvel, Epilecta Indoeuropaea, in Indo-European Studies Bulletin, UCLA 10/2 (2003)
     35-36 puhvelepilecta
 R. Francia, Le funzioni sintattiche degli elementi avverbiali di luogo ittiti anda(n), appa(n),
     katta(n), katti-, peran, parā, šer, šarā, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 123
     (2003) 891-892 francia2002
 J. Tischler, Hethitisches Handwörterbuch, in Kratylos 49 (2004) 195-196 tischlerHHwb
 A. Payne, Hieroglyphic Luwian, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 125 (2005)
     535-536 payne
 M. Popko, Völker und Sprachen Altanatoliens, inJournal of the American Oriental Society
      128 (2008) 763-764 popko2008
 H. Ehringhaus, Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften. Die Felsreliefs der hethitischen Großreichszeit
in der Türkei, in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 68 (2009) 147-148 ehringhaus
 M. Hale, Historical Linguistics. Theory and Method, in Language 85/1 (2009) 203-206 hale
 G. Neumann, Glossar des Lykischen, in Kratylos 54 (2009) 127-130 neumannglossar
 S. Patri, L’alignment syntaxique dans les langues indo-européennes d’Anatolie, in
      Kratylos54 (2009) 130-132 patri
J. Puhvel, Ultima Indoeuropaea, in Bibliotheca Orientalis 70 (2013) 760-762 puhvelultima
B. Christiansen, Schicksalsbestimmende Kommunikation: Sprachliche, gesellschaftliche
      und religiöse Aspekte hethitischer Fluch-, Segens- und Eidesformeln, in Kratylos
      59 (2014) 244-245 christiansen
G. Wilhelm (ed.), Ḫattuša-Boğazköy: Das Hethiterreich im Spannungsfeld des Alten
      Orients. 6. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 22.–24.
      März 2006, Würzburg, in Kratylos 59 (2014) 242-243
A. Payne and J. Wintjes, Lords of Asia Minor: An Introduction to the Lydians, in
          Bryn MawrClassical Review 2017.03.30 (
M. Maier, Hethitisch ºwant- und Verwan(d)tes, in Journal of the American Oriental Society 121
            (2017) 178-180maier
A. Payne, Schrift und Schriftlichkeit. Die anatolische Hieroglyphenschrift, in Journal of the
      American Oriental Society (to appear)
A. Kloekhorst, Accent in Hittite: A Study in Plene Spelling, Consonant Gradation, Clitics,
            and Metrics, in Journal of the American Oriental Society
            (to appear)

Electronic Publications:
'The Trilingual Inscription of the Létôon.  Lycian Version,' posted December, 2000, at pdf/lyciens/letoon.pdf (5 pp.)
'Anatolian Languages' (with Theo van den Hout and Philo H. J. Houwinkten Cate); 'Carian Language; Luwian Language; Lycian Language; Lydian Language; Palaic Language' Encyclopaedia Britannica, posted January, 2008 at (18 pp.)
'Local Adverbs In Hittite: Synchrony and Diachrony', Language and Linguistic Compass
      3/2 (2009) 607-620 localadverbs
'Remarks on the Kuttamuwa Stele,' Kubaba 1 (2010) 4-11 posted July, 2010 at
'Hittite and Hieroglyphic Luvian arha ‘away’: Common Inheritance or Borrowing?' Contact
      Among Genetically Related Languages, ed. P. Epps, J. Huehnergard, N. Pat-El
      (= Journal of Language Contact 6.2) (2013) 300-312 jcl6
In memoriam Annelies Kammenhuber.  Kratylos 43 (1998) 222-224 kammenhuber
Hans Gustav Güterbock. Oriental Institute 1999-2000 Annual Report (2000) 5-7 güterbock
Erich Neu (1936-1999). Indo-European Studies Bulletin, UCLA 9/2 (2001) 20 neu
In memoriam AlexandrLehrman. Journal of Indo-European Studies 41.1/2 (2013) 311-317
(with Ilya Yakubovich) lehrman
In memoriam Calvert Watkins. Journal of Indo-European Studies 41.3/4 (2013) 506-526

Archives scientifiques du CFEETK

Archives scientifiques du CFEETK

Open Access Journal: Letras Clássicas

[First posted in AWOL 4 November 2014, updated (new URLs) 14 January 2018]

Letras Clássicas
ISSN: 1516-4586
eISSN: 2358-3150
Page Header
A Revista "Letras Clássicas" é o veículo oficial do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras Clássicas da Universidade de São Paulo - Brasil.
Seu objetivo é divulgar pesquisas recentes acerca dos temas atinentes à Área de Letras Clássicas sob a forma de Artigos, Resenhas, Traduções e Notícias.
Letras Clássicas destina-se a pesquisadores e estudiosos da área de Estudos Clássicos: Arqueologia, História Antiga, Filosofia Antiga e Letras Clássicas, além dos pesquisadores em Língua e Literatura como um todo.


Cover Page

No 14 (2010)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é a poesia épica.


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No 13 (2009)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é o Renascimento.


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No 12 (2008)

O eixo temático deste volume da revista Letras Clássicas é a tragédia grega.


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No 11 (2007)

Este número de Letras Clássicas é dedicado aos estudos da língua grega e da língua latina – não só aos estudos da gramática, mas aos estudos dos gramáticos gregos e latinos.


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No 10 (2006)

Este número de Letras Clássicas é dedicado às composições mélicas, elegíacas e iâmbicas de autores gregos e latinos.


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No 9 (2005)

O número 9 de Letras Clássicas é dedicado ao problema da distinção entre os gêneros de discurso.


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No 8 (2004)

O eixo temático deste número de Letras Clássicas são as relações entre as várias disciplinas dos estudos clássicos, isto é, as relações entre a arqueologia clássica, a epigrafia greco-romana, a filosofia antiga, a história antiga,a numismática greco-romana e, certamente, as letras clássicas.


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No 7 (2003)

Este número é dedicado ao riso, isto é, ao estudo dos gêneros, fontes e fins do risível, segundo textos gregos e latinos, em verso (= iambo, elegia, mélica, comédia, sátira) e em prosa (= discurso oratório, diálogo filosófico).


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No 6 (2002)

Este número é dedicado às relações entre mito e história presentes nos textos épicos, trágicos e historiográficos gregos e latinos.


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No 5 (2001)

Este número de Letras clássicas é dedicado à poesia épica greco-latina.


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No 4 (2000)

Este número consagra-se à retórica e à poética greco-latina. Há também estudo sobre os autores indianos que trataram retórica ou poética a partir do séc. VII d.C. e estudos sobre a retórica praticada na Europa nos tempos modernos, quer nas contendas teológicas do séc. XVI, quer na corte das monarquias absolutistas do séc. XVII.


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No 3 (1999)

Este número dedica-se ao filósofo e escritor Sêneca.


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No 2 (1998)

Este número norteia-se pela figura de Platão.


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January 14, 2018



The great, inner wall of Babylon was called by the ceremonial Akkadian name Imgur-Enlil, which means "The God Enlil Showed Favor." According to the text Tintir = Babylon, Imgur-Enlil had eight city gates, four on the eastern side of the Euphrates and four on the western side of the river. The Assyrian kings Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal and the Babylonian kings Nabopolassar, Nebuchadnezzar II, and Nebonidus all undertook construction on Babylon’s great wall. Imgur-Enlil is one of the seven wonders of the ancient according to some classical sources.

OSM Location of the southern curtain of Imgur-Enlil and Nemed-Enlil

Representative location based on OpenStreetMap way tracing the visible remains of the southern stretch of the wall of the inner city of Babylon.

OSM location of the northern curtain of Imgur-Enlil and Nemed-Enlil

Representative location based on OpenStreetMap way tracing the visible remains of the northern stretch of the wall of the inner city of Babylon.

OSM location of Valley Temple of Khafre

Representative location of the temple's ruins based on an OpenStreetMap node at the northwest corner of the structure.

Ancient World Online (AWOL)

Open Access Journal: Annales Instituti Archaeologici

[First posted in AWOL 10 August 2010. Updated 14 January 2018]

Annales Instituti Archaeologici
ISSN: 1845-4046
Časopis je utemeljen 2005. godine pod nazivom Annales Instituti Archaeologici – AIA (Godišnjak Instituta za arheologiju) u Zagrebu.

Objavljuje rezultate arheoloških istraživanja i terenske preglede Instituta za arheologiju.

Izlazi jednom godišnje (jedan volumen, jedan broj).

Financijsku potporu daje Ministarstvo znanosti, obrazovanja i športa

The journal was founded in 2005 by Institute of Archaeology (Zagreb) and originally entitled Annales Instituti Archaeologici – AIA.

The journal publishes results of the archaeological excavations and field surveys carried by Institute of Archaeology. It is being published once a year (one volume, one number).

Supported by Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of Croatia.
Vol. XIII   No. 1
Vol. XII   No. 1
Vol. XI   No. 1
Vol. X   No. 1
Vol. IX   No. 1
Vol. VIII   No. 1
Vol. VII   No. 1
Vol. VI   No. 1
Vol. V   No. 1
Vol. IV   No. 1
Vol. III   No. 1
Vol. II   No. 1
Vol. I   No. 1


Ištar Gate

The Ištar Gate is the most famous of Babylon's eight city gates and is situated on the northeastern side of the inner city, directly north of the Kadingirra quarter. King Nebuchadnezzar II built the gate ca. 575 B.C.


The Akkadian name means "City Gate of the goddess Ištar."

Imagery location of the Ishtar Gate at Babylon

Coordinates following GeoHack.

OSM Location of the Ishtar Gate

Representative location based on an OpenStreetMap way that roughly traces the outline of the ruins of the gate built by Nebuchadnezzar II.

OSM location of the Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid of Khufu. Representative location based on OpenStreetMap.

OSM location of Tomb of Hetepheres I

Representative location based on OpenStreetMap.

OSM location of Pyramid of Khentkawes

Representative location based on OpenStreetMap.

OSM location of the Great Sphinx

Representative location based on OpenStreetMap.


Founded as Parthenope by Greeks in the eighth century B.C., the site eventually gave rise to Neapolis in the sixth century B.C. and was one of the most prominent cities of Magna Graecia.

OSM location of ancient theater

Location based on OpenStreetMap

OSM location of mura Greche

Location based on OpenStreetMap

January 13, 2018



According to an inscription of the Neo-Babylonian king Nabonidus, the name of the wall of Kish was Melem-kurukurra-dulla, whose Sumerian ceremonial name means "(Whose) Radiance Spreads over (All) Lands."


Kish was an ancient city of Sumer located east of Babylon in Mesopotamia. Kish was occupied from the Jemdet Nasr period (ca. 3100 BC) until its abandonment under the Seleucids.

Seleucid Empire

The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic kingdom, founded by Seleucus I Nicator, and ruled by the Seleucid dynasty from 312 to 63 BCE. At its height it stretched from the Aegean Sea to northern India, but it steadily lost territory and prestige. The remnants of the kingdom were eventually incorporated into Roman territory as the province of Syria in 64 BCE.

Ancient World Online (AWOL)

Vías Romanas en Castilla y León

Vías Romanas en Castilla y León
Vuelta a la Portada
En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de una labor de investigación llevada a cabo entre los años 2007 a 2010, circunscrita a la Comunidad de Castilla y León. Muchas de las identificaciones proceden de labores que el autor llevaba realizando bastantes años antes sobre la caminería antigua en general y sobre la romana en particular. Se han conseguido identificar unos 2400 kilómetros de caminos romanos ciertos, cuyos vestigios estructurales, constructivos, toponímicos y epigráficos, en este orden y en razón al valor de cada uno de estos factores, nos han determinado su existencia. Vías Romanas en Castilla y León. 

  01 Cerezo de Riotirón a León
  02 Astorga a Braga por el Tera
  03 Astorga a Braga por el Sil
  04 Astorga al Bierzo
  05 Cacabelos a Lugo
  06 Astorga a León
  07 Astorga a Lancia
  08 Mérida a Salamanca
  09 Salamanca a Villalazán
  10 Villalazán a Montealegre
  11 Segovia a Cercedilla
  12 Villalazán a Castrogonzalo
  13 Tarazona a Numancia
  14 Numancia a Osma
  15 Osma a Clunia
  16A Clunia a Simancas
  16B Simancas a Astorga
  17 Briviesca a Vitoria
  18 Sasamón a Herrera de Pisuerga
  19 Herrera de Pisuerga a Retortillo
  20 Sasamón a Villalazán
  21 Salamanca a Ávila
  22 Medinaceli a Tiermes
  23 Sigüenza a Monreal de Ariza
  24 Numancia a Lara y a Sasamón
  25 Osma a Tiermes
  26 Clunia a Sasamón
  27 Castro Urdiales a Osma de Álava
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